AIP2016R2 UEFI GPT backup and restore guide

ActiveImage Protector 2016 R2
Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system volume
User Guide
First Edition – June 22, 2017
Copyright NetJapan, Inc. All rights reserved.
The software and the related documentation are proprietary products of NetJapan, Inc., and are
copyrighted to the company.
ActiveImage Protector, ActiveImage Protector Server, ActiveImage Protector Desktop,
ActiveImage Protector IT Pro, ActiveImage Protector for Hyper-V with SHR, ActiveImage Protector
for Hyper-V Enterprise, ReZoom, ActiveImage Protector Linux, ActiveImage Protector Virtual,
ActiveImage Protector Cluster、ActiveImage Protector Cloud, ActiveImage Protector Basic,
ImageBoot、ImageCenter LE are trademarks of NetJapan, Inc.
Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Windows
Preinstallation Environment and Windows PE are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
Revision History
Edition
First Edition
Edited on
06/22/2017
Edited Page
Description
First Edition
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Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
CONTENTS
Revision History ................................................................................................................... 2
1. Summary of Recovery Procedures ............................................................................... 5
1.1 Backed up every volume by volume ......................................................................... 5
1.2 Backed up system volume alone by volume ............................................................. 7
1.3 System Recovery Procedures .................................................................................. 9
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Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
Introduction
This document is subject to change without prior notice.
No part of this document may be reproduced or altered by any means without prior permission
from NetJapan.
Any information included in this document is provided solely on informational purposes and
NetJapan shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein.
This document provides general descriptions for standard settings using ActiveImage Protector
which may not be applicable to a specific system environment or operation. You are solely
responsible for the installation, the use, and the operation of the product in your customer’s system
environment.
This document is intended for system engineers who are engaged in an effort to design and
introduce a new system or the system administrators and maintenance staff who are engaged
in maintenance and management of the existing system.
The readers of this document are assumed to have prior knowledge and understanding of the
Windows operating system, server and domain controller.
This document provides the minimum required information for the operation of ActiveImage
Protector. For more detailed information about the operating procedures, please refer to the
manuals.
The screen images included in this document provide only examples of the settings but
may differ from the actual appearance.
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Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
1. Summary of Recovery Procedures
To recover a UEFI GPT system volume, it is recommended to perform backup and restore by disk.
Depending on your system environment, you may need to perform a restore by volume, according
to the following operating procedures.
1.1 Backed up every volume by volume
While there are many cases when a system recovery is required, this document provides recovery
procedures based on the following standard disk configuration.
Example of partition structure
*The volumes boxed in orange are backed up.
Boot up the system to recover from a Linux-based boot environment (product media)
・Normal Recovery
Volume to Volume
Overwrite
○
Volume to Volume
Bare metal
×
Disk to Disk
Overwrite
○
Disk to Disk
Bare metal
○
・Cross Recovery
Volume to Disk
Overwrite
Volume to Disk
Bare metal
Disk to Volume
Overwrite
Disk to Volume
Bare metal
Overwrite : Partition structure exists.
Bare metal:Partition structure does not exist.
○
○
○
×
○:[Normal Boot] No particular precautions required for recovery / boot procedures.
×:As there is no way for converting to a GPT disk, restored as MBR volume but failed to
boot up.
Volume:Every volume is backed by volume.
Disk:Backed up by disk.
Cross recovery: Restore by disk using a backup image created by backup by volume or vice
versa.
If working with a Linux-based boot environment, take the following precaution for a bare
metal recovery. That is, select the optimum backup and recovery type depending on your
system environment before starting a bare metal recovery.
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Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
Boot up the system to recover from the WinPE-based boot environment
・Normal Recovery
Volume to Volume
Volume to Volume
Disk to Disk
Disk to Disk
Overwrite
Bare metal
Overwrite
Bare metal
○/△
×
○
○
・Cross Recovery
Volume to Disk
Volume to Disk
Disk to Volume
Disk to Volume
Overwrite
Bare metal
Overwrite
Bare metal
○
○
○/△
×
Overwrite : Partition structure exists.
Bare metal:Partition structure does not exist.
○:No particular precautions are required for recovery / boot procedures.
○:Successfully boot up after overwriting recovery of C: drive or data drive alone.
△:Follow the regular procedures in the overwriting recovery of the EFI partition.
*Overwriting recovery is not required in the recovery for the EFI partition.
×:Recovery process successfully completes but requires the bcdedit command to
boot up.
Volume:Every volume is backed up by volume.
Disk:Backed up by disk.
Cross recovery:Restore by disk using a backup image created by backup by volume or vice
versa.
If using a WinPE-based boot environment, a result of restore by volume on the disk
including the system volume, there may be occurrences that the system does not boot up
by regular operation.
By taking solution procedures, the system can boot up. Depending on the situation, it is
recommended to take optimum solution procedures.
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Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
1.2 Backed up system volume alone by volume
Example of partition structure
*The volumes boxed in orange are backed up.
Boot up the system to recover from a Linux-based boot environment (product media)
・Normal Recovery
Volume to Volume
Overwrite
○
Volume to Volume
Bare metal
ײ
Disk to Disk
Overwrite
○
Disk to Disk
Bare metal
○
・Cross Recovery
Volume to Disk
Volume to Disk
Disk to Volume
Disk to Volume
Overwrite
Bare metal
Overwrite
Bare metal
×¹
×¹
○
ײ
Overwrite : Partition structure exists
Bare metal:Partition structure does not exist
○:[Normal Boot] No particular precautions required for recovery / boot procedures.
×¹:Exit: Recovery process failed with -231 error
ײ:As there is no way for converting to a GPT disk, restored as MBR volume but failed to
boot up.
Volume:Every volume is backed by volume.
Disk:Backed up by disk
Cross recovery: Restore by disk using a backup image created by backup by volume or vice
versa.
If working with a Linux-based boot environment, take the following precaution for a bare
metal recovery. That is, select the optimum backup and recovery type depending on your
system environment before starting a bare metal recovery.
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NetJapan, Inc.
Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
Boot up the system to recover from a WinPE-based boot environment
・Normal Recovery
Volume to Volume
Overwrite
○/△
Volume to Volume
Bare metal
×
Disk to Disk
Overwrite
○
Disk to Disk
Bare metal
○
・Cross Recovery
Volume to Disk
Volume to Disk
Disk to Volume
Disk to Volume
○
○
○/△
×
Overwrite
Bare metal
Overwrite
Bare metal
Overwrite : Partition structure exists.
Bare metal:Partition structure does not exist.
○:No particular precautions required for recovery / boot procedures.
○:Successfully boot up after overwriting recovery of C: drive or data drive alone.
△:Follow the regular procedures in case of overwriting recovery of EFI partition.
*Overwriting recovery is not required in case of recovery of EFI partition.
×:Recovery process successfully completed but failed to boot up with STOP error 225
*The use of the bcdedit command enabled the boot up.
Volume:Every volume is backed by volume.
Disk:Backed up by disk.
Cross recovery:Restore by disk using a backup image created by backup by volume or vice
versa.
If using a WinPE-based boot environment, a result of restore by volume on the disk
including the system volume, there may be occurrences that the system does not boot up
by regular operation.
By taking solution procedures, the system can boot up. Depending on the situation, it is
recommended to take optimum solution procedures..
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Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
1.3 System Recovery Procedures
In a Linux-based boot environment (product media), depending on the backed-up volume, recovery
process may fail. If “○” is indicated in the table, regular procedures can recover the system volume.
For more detailed operating procedures, please refer to ActiveImage Protector on-line Help.
WinPE-based [Volume to Volume bare metal] and [Disk to Volume bare metal] Recovery
procedures
1.
Boot up from the WinPE-based boot environment
*The operating procedures of the recovery process up to Restore Target settings are the
same as the regular operations.
2.
Restore Target settings
If the restore target disk is a bare metal disk, first, initialize the disk.
Right-click on disk information on the disk then select [Initialize Disk] in the context menu.
Please select the disk initialization type [GPT] in the dialog.
Drag the partition to restore, EFI system partition. If you drag the C: drive, the above message
is displayed. Click [No].
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Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
Drag every volume to restore and click [Next].
3.
Summary
Review the restore source image and click [Done] to start the restore task.
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Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
4.
Restart the Boot Environment
When the restore task successfully completes, exit the AIP boot environment and shut down or restart
AIP boot environment.
5.
Start WinPE-based Boot Environment
Restart WinPE-based boot environment.
6.
Run the bcdedit command
Run the bcdedit command from [Utility] – [Command Prompt] and check boot loader.
Windows Boot Loader
-------------------------------identifier
{default}
device
unknown
path
\Windows\system32\winload.efi
description
Windows Server 2012 R2
locale
ja-JP
inherit
{bootloadersettings}
recoverysequence
recoveryenabled
isolatedcontext
{1e7b9843-c73f-11e6-aeb4-e1eb10f1a5dc}
Yes
Yes
allowedinmemorysettings 0x15000075
osdevice
systemroot
resumeobject
nx
unknown
\Windows
{1e7b9841-c73f-11e6-aeb4-e1eb10f1a5dc}
OptOut
Since the items indicated in red are “unknown”, the OS does not boot up.
Run the following command to correct the settings.
bcdedit /set {default} device partition=C:
bcdedit /set {default} osdevice partition=C:
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Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
[Volume to Volume Overwriting] [Disk to Volume Overwriting] WinPE-based recovery operations
Overwriting recovery is not required in the recovery of an EFI partition. If overwriting
recovery of EFI partition is necessary, the following operating procedures are required.
1.
Boot the WinPE-based boot environment.
*The operating procedures of the recovery process up to Restore Target settings are the
same as the regular operations.
2.
Delete only the EFI partition.
Select and right-click on EFI partition in Restore Target settings and delete the partition.
3.
Specify EFI partition
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Backup and Recovery of UEFI GPT system disk - AIP2016R2
When the EFI partition is deleted, the frame is shown too small to drag the EFI partition to
restore. If this is encountered, right-click on the EFI partition to restore and select the
unallocated 99MB space.
4.
Follow the regular operating procedures for the other volumes.
If you drag the C: drive, the above dialog is displayed. Click [No] to proceed with the recovery.
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