Computerized Sewing Machine
Operation
Manual
KNOWING YOUR
SEWING MACHINE
SEWING BASICS
UTILITY STITCHES
Product Code:888-V60/V61/V62/V63/V64/V65
APPENDIX
Be sure to read this document before using the machine.
We recommend that you keep this document nearby for future reference.
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Please read these safety instructions before attempting to use the machine.
DANGER - To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1 Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using, when cleaning,
when making any user servicing adjustments mentioned in this manual, or if you are leaving the
machine unattended.
WARNING - To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
2 Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet when making any adjustments mentioned
in the instruction manual:
• To unplug the machine, switch the machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off, then grasp
the plug and pull it out of the electrical outlet. Do not pull on the cord.
• Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet. Do not use an extension cord.
• Always unplug your machine if the power is cut.
3 Electrical Hazards:
• This machine should be connected to an AC power source within the range indicated on the
rating label. Do not connect it to a DC power source or inverter. If you are not sure what kind of
power source you have, contact a qualified electrician.
• This machine is approved for use in the country of purchase only.
4 Never operate this machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has
been dropped or damaged, or water is spilled on the unit. Return the machine to the nearest
authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment.
• While the machine is stored or in use if you notice anything unusual, such as an odor, heat,
discoloration or deformation, stop using the machine and immediately unplug the power cord.
• When transporting the machine, be sure to carry it by its handle. Lifting the machine by any other
part may damage the machine or result in the machine falling, which could cause injuries.
• When lifting the machine, be careful not to make any sudden or careless movements, otherwise
you may injure your back or knees.
5 Always keep your work area clear:
• Never operate the machine with any air openings blocked. Keep ventilation openings of the
machine and foot control free from the build up of lint, dust, and loose cloth.
• Do not store objects on the foot controller.
• Do not use extension cords. Plug the machine directly into the electrical outlet.
• Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
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• Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being
administered.
• Do not use the machine near a heat source, such as a stove or iron; otherwise, the machine,
power cord or garment being sewn may ignite, resulting in fire or an electric shock.
• Do not place this machine on an unstable surface, such as an unsteady or slanted table, otherwise
the machine may fall, resulting in injuries.
6 Special care is required when sewing:
• Always pay close attention to the needle. Do not use bent or damaged needles.
• Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the machine needle.
• Switch the machine to the symbol “O” position to turn it off when making any adjustments in the
needle area.
• Do not use a damaged or incorrect needle plate, as it could cause the needle to break.
• Do not push or pull the fabric when sewing, and follow careful instruction when freehand stitching
so that you do not deflect the needle and cause it to break.
7 This machine is not a toy:
• Your close attention is necessary when the machine is used by or near children.
• The plastic bag that this machine was supplied in should be kept out of the reach of children or
disposed of. Never allow children to play with the bag due to the danger of suffocation.
• Do not use outdoors.
8 For a longer service life:
• When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store
the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects.
• Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders
can damage the case and machine, and should never be used.
• Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet,
needle, or other parts to assure correct installation.
9 For repair or adjustment:
• If the Light unit (light-emitting diode) is damaged, it must be replaced by authorized dealer.
• In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table
in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem
persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer.
Use this machine only for its intended use as described in this manual.
Use accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual.
The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.
For additional product information, visit our web site at www.brother.com
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SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
This machine is intended for household use.
FOR USERS IN COUNTRIES EXCEPT EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
This appliance is not intended for use by persons (including children) with reduced physical, sensory
or mental capabilities, or lack of experience and knowledge, unless they have been given
supervision or instruction concerning use of the appliance by a person responsible for their safety.
Children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with the appliance.
FOR USERS IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
This appliance can be used by children aged from 8 years and above and persons with reduced
physical, sensory or mental capabilities or lack of experience and knowledge if they have been given
supervision or instruction concerning use of the appliance in a safe way and understand the hazards
involved. Children shall not play with the appliance. Cleaning and user maintenance shall not be
made by children without supervision.
FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND
CYPRUS ONLY
IMPORTANT
• In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the
mark, rating as marked on plug.
• Always replace the fuse cover. Never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted.
• If the available electrical outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, you
should contact your authorized dealer to obtain the correct lead.
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CONTENTS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ............................................................................... 1
1. KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ..........................................................6
ACCESSORIES .....................................................................................................................6
Included accessories ........................................................................................................................................ 6
Optional accessories ........................................................................................................................................ 7
Accessory compartment ................................................................................................................................... 7
NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS .................................................... 8
The main parts ................................................................................................................................................. 8
Needle and presser foot section ...................................................................................................................... 9
Operation buttons ............................................................................................................................................. 9
Operation panel .............................................................................................................................................. 10
Spool pin ........................................................................................................................................................ 10
USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ...................................................................................12
Power supply precautions .............................................................................................................................. 12
Power supply .................................................................................................................................................. 12
Foot controller ................................................................................................................................................ 13
Sewing speed controller (for models equipped with the start/stop button) ..................................................... 13
Changing the needle stop position ................................................................................................................. 13
THREADING THE MACHINE ............................................................................................ 14
Winding the bobbin ........................................................................................................................................ 14
Lower threading ............................................................................................................................................. 19
Upper threading ............................................................................................................................................. 22
Drawing up the lower thread .......................................................................................................................... 27
REPLACING THE NEEDLE ................................................................................................. 28
Needle precautions ........................................................................................................................................ 28
Needle types and their uses ........................................................................................................................... 28
Checking the needle ...................................................................................................................................... 29
Replacing the needle ..................................................................................................................................... 29
Sewing with the twin needle ........................................................................................................................... 31
REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ...................................................................................... 33
Replacing the presser foot ............................................................................................................................. 33
Removing the presser foot holder .................................................................................................................. 34
2. SEWING BASICS ...........................................................................................36
SEWING ............................................................................................................................ 36
General sewing procedure ............................................................................................................................. 36
Selecting stitching .......................................................................................................................................... 37
Adjusting the stitch length and width .............................................................................................................. 38
Starting to sew ............................................................................................................................................... 39
Thread tension ............................................................................................................................................... 41
USEFUL SEWING TIPS ...................................................................................................... 42
Trial sewing .................................................................................................................................................... 42
Changing the sewing direction ....................................................................................................................... 42
Sewing curves ................................................................................................................................................ 42
Sewing thick fabrics ....................................................................................................................................... 42
Sewing hook-and-loop fastener ..................................................................................................................... 43
Sewing thin fabrics ......................................................................................................................................... 44
Sewing stretch fabrics .................................................................................................................................... 44
Stitching cylindrical pieces ............................................................................................................................. 44
4
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3. UTILITY STITCHES ........................................................................................45
OVERCASTING STITCHES ................................................................................................ 45
Using zigzag foot ............................................................................................................................................ 45
Using overcasting foot .................................................................................................................................... 46
BASIC STITCHING ............................................................................................................ 47
Basic stitching ................................................................................................................................................ 47
BLIND HEM STITCHING .................................................................................................. 48
BUTTONHOLE SEWING ................................................................................................... 51
Button sewing ................................................................................................................................................. 55
ZIPPER INSERTION ........................................................................................................... 57
SEWING STRETCH FABRICS AND ELASTIC TAPE ............................................................ 59
Stretch stitching .............................................................................................................................................. 59
Elastic attaching ............................................................................................................................................. 59
APPLIQUÉ, PATCHWORK AND QUILT STITCHING ........................................................ 61
Appliqués ....................................................................................................................................................... 62
Patchwork (crazy quilt) stitching ..................................................................................................................... 62
Piecing ........................................................................................................................................................... 62
Quilting ........................................................................................................................................................... 63
Free-motion quilting ....................................................................................................................................... 64
REINFORCEMENT STITCHING ......................................................................................... 66
Triple stretch stitching .................................................................................................................................... 66
Bar tack stitching ............................................................................................................................................ 66
DECORATIVE STITCHING ................................................................................................ 68
Fagoting ......................................................................................................................................................... 69
Scallop stitching ............................................................................................................................................. 70
Smocking ....................................................................................................................................................... 70
Shell tuck stitching ......................................................................................................................................... 71
Joining ............................................................................................................................................................ 71
Heirloom stitching ........................................................................................................................................... 72
4. APPENDIX .....................................................................................................73
STITCH SETTINGS ............................................................................................................. 73
Utility stitches ................................................................................................................................................. 73
MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................ 78
Restrictions on oiling ...................................................................................................................................... 78
Cleaning the machine surface ........................................................................................................................ 78
Cleaning the bobbin case ............................................................................................................................... 78
TROUBLESHOOTING ....................................................................................................... 81
Frequent troubleshooting topics ..................................................................................................................... 81
Upper thread tightened up ............................................................................................................................. 81
Tangled thread on wrong side of fabric .......................................................................................................... 82
Incorrect thread tension ................................................................................................................................. 85
Fabric is caught in the machine and cannot be removed ............................................................................... 86
List of symptoms ............................................................................................................................................ 90
ERROR MESSAGES ............................................................................................................ 95
Operation beep (for models equipped with the operation beep) .................................................................... 95
INDEX ............................................................................................................................... 96
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KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE
ACCESSORIES
Included accessories
After opening the box, check that the following accessories are included. If any item is missing or damaged,
contact your dealer.
Note
(For U.S.A. only)
● Foot controller: Model T
This foot controller can be used on the machine with product code 888-V60/V61/V62. The product code
is mentioned on the machine rating plate.
● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. (Part code: 132730-122)
1.
2.
9.
3.
10.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
75/11 1 needle
90/14 1 needle
100/16 1 needle
90/14 1 needle
16.
17.
18.
19.
Part Code
U.S.A.
Others
/ Canada
1 Buttonhole foot “A”
XC2691-033
2 Overcasting foot “G”
XE6305-001
3 Monogramming foot “N”
XD0810-031
4 Zipper foot “I”
X59370-021
5 Zigzag foot “J” (on machine)
XC3021-031
6 Blind stitch foot “R”
XC4051-031
7 Button fitting foot “M”
XE2137-001
8 Seam ripper
XF4967-001
Bobbin
(4)
9
SA156
SFB
(One is on machine.)
10 Needle set
XC8834-021
No.
Part Name
No.
Part Name
11 Twin needle
Ball point needle
12
(gold colored)
13 Cleaning brush
14 Disc-shaped screwdriver
15 Spool cap (large)
16 Spool cap (medium)
(on machine)
17 Spool cap (small)
18 Extra spool pin
19 Foot controller
Part Code
U.S.A.
Others
/ Canada
131096-121
XD0360-021
X59476-051
XC1074-051
130012-024
XE1372-001
130013-124
XE2241-001
XD0501-021 (EU area)
XC8816-021 (Other areas)
Memo
● About zigzag foot “J”;
Press the black button on the left side of the foot when it is difficult for thick seams
to be fed, for example, at the beginning of sewing thick fabrics. (page 43)
aBlack button
6
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Optional accessories
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1
No.
1
2
3
Part Name
Walking Foot
Quilting Foot
1/4-Inch Quilting Foot
Part Code
U.S.A.
Others
/ Canada
SA140
F033N
SA129
F005N
SA125
F001N
No.
4
5
Part Name
Quilting guide
Eyelet punch
Part Code
U.S.A.
Others
/ Canada
SA132
F016N
XZ5051-001
Accessory compartment
The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. Slide the flat bed attachment to the
left to open it.
Note
● Put the accessories in the bag, and then
store the bag inside the compartment. If the
accessories are not in a bag, they may fall
out, and be lost or damaged.
a Flat bed attachment
b Storage compartment
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KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS
The illustrations in this operation manual may differ from the actual machine.
The main parts
a Bobbin winder (page 14)
This winds the thread onto the bobbin for use as the
lower thread.
b Upper tension-control dial (page 41)
This controls the tension of the upper thread.
c Bobbin-winding thread guide and pretension disc
(page 14)
Pass the thread under this thread guide and around the
pretension disc when winding the bobbin thread.
d Thread take-up lever (page 24)
e Thread cutter (page 40)
Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them.
f Flat bed attachment with accessory compartment
(pages 7 and 44)
g Operation buttons (page 9)
The operation buttons differ depending on the sewing
machine model.
h Operation panel (page 10)
This is used to select the stitch and specify the various
settings. Design and position of the operation panel
differs depending on the sewing machine model.
i Spool pin (pages 10, 14 and 22)
This holds the spool of thread.
j Handwheel
This is used to manually raise and lower the needle.
k Air vent
This vent allows the air surrounding the motor to
circulate. Do not cover the air vent while the sewing
machine is being used.
l Main power and sewing light switch (page 12)
You can turn the main power and sewing light switch
on and off.
m Jack/socket connector (page 12)
Insert the plug on the power supply cord into the jack/
socket connector.
n Foot controller (page 13)
You can use this to control the sewing speed, and to
start and stop sewing.
o Foot controller jack/socket (page 13)
Plug in the foot controller plug.
p Feed dog position lever (page 55 and 65)
Use the feed dog position lever to lower the feed dogs.
q Presser foot lever (page 22)
This is used to raise and lower the presser foot.
r Thread guide (pages 15 and 24)
This is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin
and then threading the machine.
s Thread guide cover (pages 16 and 22)
Pass the thread under this thread guide when winding
the bobbin thread and threading the machine.
t Handle
Carry the sewing machine by its handle when
transporting the machine.
8
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Needle and presser foot section
e Presser foot
The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the
fabric as the sewing takes place. Attach the appropriate
presser foot for the selected stitching.
f Needle plate cover release
Use when removing the needle plate cover.
g Needle plate cover
Remove the needle plate cover to clean the race.
h Feed dogs
The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction.
i Quick-set bobbin (for models equipped with the quickset bobbin)
You can start sewing without pulling up the bobbin thread.
j Bobbin cover
Open the bobbin cover to set the bobbin.
a Needle threader (for models equipped with the needle
threader) (page 25)
b Buttonhole lever
Lower the buttonhole lever when sewing buttonholes
and bar tacks.
c Presser foot holder
The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder.
d Presser foot holder screw
Use the presser foot holder screw to hold the presser
foot holder in place.
k Needle plate
The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing
straight seams.
l Needle bar thread guide
Pass the upper thread through the needle bar thread guide.
m Presser foot lever
Raise and lower the presser foot lever to raise and lower
the presser foot.
n Needle clamp screw
Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place.
Operation buttons
The operation buttons help you to easily perform various basic sewing machine operations.
The operation buttons differ depending on the sewing machine model.
a Reverse/reinforcement stitch button
Press the reverse/reinforcement stitch button to sew
reverse stitches. Reverse stitches are sewn by keeping
the button pressed down to sew in the opposite
direction. For details, refer to “Sewing reinforcement
stitches” (page 40).
■ Buttons provided on some models
b Start/stop button
(for models equipped with the
start/stop button)
Press the start/stop button to start or stop sewing. The
machine sews at a slow speed at the beginning of
sewing while the button is depressed. When sewing is
stopped, the needle is lowered in the fabric. For details,
refer to “Starting to sew” (page 39).
c Needle position button
(for models equipped with
the needle position button)
Press the needle position button to raise or lower the
needle. Be sure to raise the needle before threading the
needle. Use this button to change the sewing direction
or for detailed sewing in small areas. Pressing the button
twice sews one stitch.
d Sewing speed controller (for models equipped with the
sewing speed controller)
Slide the sewing speed controller to adjust the sewing
speed.
9
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KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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Operation panel
The operation panel, located on the front of the
sewing machine, allows you to select a stitch and
specify how the stitch will be sewn.
Spool pin
As shown, press down on the spool pin lever with
your finger to raise the spool pin.
CAUTION
● Do not grab the bar to raise the spool pin,
otherwise, the spool pin may bend or break.
■ Storing the spool cap
The enclosed spool cap (large, medium, small)
can be stored by attaching it to the spool pin as
shown in the illustration. When attaching the
spool cap, position it with the rounded side
toward the spool pin.
a LCD (liquid crystal display)
The number of the selected stitch (1), the presser foot
type to be used (2), the stitch length (mm) (3), and the
stitch width (mm) (4) are displayed here.
The display location (2) of the presser foot type differs
depending on the model.
This manual shows, as an example, the LCD (illustration
above) of models where the presser foot type appears
above the number of the selected stitch.
b Stitch selection keys
Press the stitch selection keys, and then select the
number for the stitch that you wish to use. For details,
refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 37).
c Stitch length adjustment key
Press this key to adjust the stitch length. (Press the “–”
side to reduce the stitch length; press the “+” side to
increase the stitch length.)
d Stitch width adjustment key
Press this key to adjust the stitch width. (Press the “–”
side to reduce the stitch width; press the “+” side to
increase the stitch width.)
10
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■ Storing the spool pin
When placing the cover on the sewing machine
before storing or if the spool pin will not be used,
return the spool pin to its storage position.
Remove the spool from the spool pin, and then
fold up the spool pin, as shown in the illustration,
until it snaps into place to secure it.
■ Installing the spool pin
If the spool pin has been removed from the
a machine, insert the tab on the spool pin into
the hole on the back of the machine, as
shown.
1
a Hole
b Tab
b place.
Push the spool pin down until it locks into
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KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE —
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USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE
Power supply precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply.
WARNING
● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Using other power sources may result in
fire, electric shock, or damage to the machine.
● Make sure that the plugs on the power cord are firmly inserted into the electrical outlet and the power
supply jack on the machine.
● Do not insert the plug on the power cord into an electrical outlet that is in poor condition.
● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances:
• When you are away from the machine
• After using the machine
• When the power fails during use
• When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection
• During electrical storms
CAUTION
● Use only the power cord included with this machine.
● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. Fire
or electric shock may result.
● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Electric shock may result.
● When unplugging the machine, always turn off the main power first. Always grasp the plug to remove it from
the outlet. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord, or lead to fire or electric shock.
● Do not allow the power cord to be cut, damaged, modified, forcefully bent, pulled, twisted, or bundled.
Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Do not subject the cord to heat. These things may damage the
cord and cause fire or electric shock. If the cord or plug is damaged, take the machine to your
authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use.
● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Otherwise a fire may result.
c switch to “{”.
To turn off the machine, set the main power
Power supply
a
Insert the plug into a wall outlet.
X The sewing lamp goes off when the
machine is turned off.
Note
1
2
a Main power switch
b Jack/socket connector
b
Set the main power switch to “I”.
X The sewing lamp comes on when the
machine is turned on.
12
● If a power outage occurs while the sewing
machine is being operated, turn off the
sewing machine and unplug the power
supply cord. When restarting the sewing
machine, follow the necessary procedure to
correctly operate the machine.
(For U.S.A. only)
● This appliance has a polarized plug (one
blade wider than the other). To reduce the
risk of electric shock, this plug is intended
to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If
the plug does not fit fully in the outlet,
reverse the plug.
If it still does not fit, contact a qualified
electrician to install the proper outlet. Do
not modify the plug in any way.
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Foot controller
Insert the foot controller plug into its jack/socket on
the rear side of the sewing machine.
Sewing speed controller
(for models equipped with
the start/stop button)
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left or
a right to select the desired sewing speed.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the left to
sew at a slower speed, or slide the speed
controller to the right to sew at a faster speed.
a Foot controller jack/socket
CAUTION
● When connecting the foot controller, be sure
to turn off the sewing machine in order to
prevent the machine from accidentally being
started.
When you press the foot controller down lightly, the
machine will run at a low speed. When you press
harder, the machine’s speed will increase. When you
take your foot off the foot controller, the machine
will stop.
Slower
a Sewing speed controller
• The speed set using the sewing speed
controller is the foot controller’s maximum
sewing speed.
Changing the needle stop position
Normally, the sewing machine is set to leave the needle in
the fabric when sewing is stopped. Instead, the machine can
be set to leave the needle raised when sewing is stopped.
a
Turn off the sewing machine.
b
Hold down the “–” side of
Faster
You should make sure that nothing is placed on the
foot controller when the machine is not in use.
CAUTION
● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build
up on the foot controller. Doing so could
cause a fire or an electric shock.
(stitch selection
key) on the left and turn on the sewing machine.
After turning on the sewing machine, release
the “–” side of
(stitch selection key).
Note
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start
sewing (only for models equipped with the
start/stop button).
X The needle stop position changes to the
raised position.
Memo
• Perform the same operation to change the
needle stop position to the lowered position.
13
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THREADING THE MACHINE
Winding the bobbin
This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin.
• For details on the fast bobbin winding, see page 17.
a Bobbin-winding
thread guide
b Bobbin winder shaft
c Bobbin
CAUTION
● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156, SFB) that have been designed for this sewing machine. Using other
bobbins may cause damage to the machine.
● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. If you use bobbins from other models, the
machine will not work properly. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the
same type (part code: SA156, SFB).
Actual size
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
This model
As shown, press down on the spool pin lever
a with your finger.
Other models
b
Remove the spool cap.
X The spool pin swings up.
a Spool pin
b Spool cap
CAUTION
CAUTION
● Do not grab the bar to raise the spool pin,
otherwise, the spool pin may bend or break.
14
● Be sure to raise the spool pin when winding
the bobbin. The thread may become tangled if
the bobbin winder is used without raising the
spool pin.
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Fully insert the spool of thread for the bobbin
c onto the spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unwinds to the front
at the bottom.
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
c
b
a
a Spool cap (small)
b Spool (cross-wound thread)
c Space
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
d With the slightly rounded side of the spool cap
positioned toward the left, slide the spool cap
onto the spool pin as far as possible to the right
so that the spool is moved to the right end of
the spool pin.
CAUTION
● If the spool or the spool cap is not positioned
correctly, the thread may become tangled
around the spool pin or the machine may be
damaged.
● Three spool cap sizes are available, allowing
you to choose a spool cap that best fits the
size of spool being used. If the spool cap is too
small for the spool being used, the thread may
catch on the slit in the spool or the machine
may be damaged.
While holding the spool with your right hand,
e and then pass the thread under the thread
guide.
a Thread guide
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
f from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled out,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a Thread guide cover
15
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Pull the thread to the right, pass it under the
g hook of the bobbin-winding thread guide, and
then wind the thread counterclockwise
between the discs, pulling it in as far as
possible.
CAUTION
● Pull the thread taut and hold the end of the
thread straight up. If the thread is too short,
not pulled taut or held at an angle, injuries
may occur when the thread is wound around
the bobbin.
i
Turn on the sewing machine.
j press the foot controller or press
While holding the end of the thread, gently
(start/
stop button) (for models equipped with the
start/stop button) to wind the thread around
the bobbin a few times. Then stop the
machine.
a Bobbin-winding thread guide
Make sure that the thread passes under the
pretension disk.
Note
● If the sewing machine is to be operated
using the foot controller, connect the foot
controller before turning on the machine.
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start
sewing (only for models equipped with the
start/stop button).
b Hook
c Pretension disk
d Pull it in as far as possible.
Note
● Make sure that the thread is pulled as far as
possible into the pretension disk, otherwise
the bobbin may not be wound cleanly.
Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft
h and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.
Turn the bobbin clockwise, by hand, until the
spring on the shaft slides into the notch in the
bobbin.
• Make sure to pull out 7 to 10 cm (2-3/4 to
3-15/16 inches) of thread from the hole on
the bobbin.
k
Trim the excess thread above the bobbin.
CAUTION
● Make sure you follow the instructions
carefully. If you do not cut the thread
completely, and the bobbin is wound, when
the thread runs low it may tangle around the
bobbin and cause the needle to break.
a Spring on the shaft
b Notch
c 7-10 cm (2-3/4 – 3-15/16 inches)
16
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Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
l (to set the speed to fast). (For models
equipped with the sewing speed controller.)
CAUTION
● Not winding the bobbin properly may cause
the thread tension to loosen, and may break
the needle.
1
a Sewing speed controller
Press the foot controller or press
1
(start/
m stop button) (for models equipped with the
2
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
start/stop button) to start.
■ For models equipped with the fast bobbin
winding system
a so that the spring on the shaft fits into the
Place the bobbin on the bobbin winder shaft
notch in the bobbin.
When the bobbin seems full and begins
n spinning slowly, take your foot off the foot
controller or press
(start/stop button) (for
models equipped with the start/stop button).
o to the left and remove the bobbin.
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft
Slide the sewing speed controller back to its
p original position (for models equipped with
the sewing speed controller).
a Notch
b Bobbin winder shaft spring
b
Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.
Memo
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle bar does not move when you
slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right.
Follow steps a through g of the procedure
c in “Winding the bobbin” to pass the thread
around the pre-tension disk (page 14).
While holding the thread that wraps around the
d pre-tension disk with your left hand, use your
right hand to wind the free end of the thread
clockwise around the bobbin five or six times.
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Pull the thread to the right and pass it through
e the slit in the bobbin winder seat.
Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft
j to the left, and then remove the bobbin from
the shaft.
a Slit in bobbin winder seat (with built-in cutter)
X The thread is cut to a suitable length.
CAUTION
● Be sure to cut the thread as described. If the
bobbin is wound without cutting the thread
using the cutter built into the slit in the
bobbin winder seat, the thread may become
tangled in the bobbin or the needle may bend
or break when the bobbin thread starts to run
out.
k original position (for models equipped with
Slide the sewing speed controller back to its
the sewing speed controller).
CAUTION
● Not winding the bobbin properly may cause the
thread tension to loosen, and may break the needle.
Slide the sewing speed controller to the right
f (to set the speed to fast) (for models equipped
with the sewing speed controller).
1
2
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
Memo
a Sewing speed controller
g
Turn on the sewing machine.
Press the foot controller or press
(start/
h stop button) (for models equipped with the
start/stop button) to start.
Note
● If the sewing machine is to be operated
using the foot controller, connect the foot
controller before turning on the machine.
● When the foot controller is plugged in, the
start/stop button cannot be used to start
sewing (only for models equipped with the
start/stop button).
When the bobbin begins spinning slowly, take
i your foot off the foot controller or press
(start/stop button) (for models equipped with
the start/stop button).
18
● When the sewing machine is started or the
handwheel is turned after winding the
thread around the bobbin, the machine will
make a clicking sound; this is not a
malfunction.
● The needle bar does not move when you
slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right.
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Raise the needle to its highest position by turning
a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) or
Lower threading
press
(needle position button) (for models
equipped with the needle position button), and
raise the presser foot lever.
Install the bobbin wound with thread.
• For more details on quick-set bobbin, see page 20.
CAUTION
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
c
Slide the button and open the cover.
● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause
the thread tension to loosen, breaking the
needle and resulting in injury.
1
1
2
2
a Wound evenly
b Wound poorly
● The bobbin was designed specifically for this
sewing machine. If bobbins from other
models are used, the machine will not operate
correctly. Use only the enclosed bobbin or
bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156,
SFB).
a Cover
b Slide button
Put the bobbin in so the thread comes out in
d the direction shown by the arrow.
Actual size
11.5 mm
(7/16 inch)
This model
Other models
CAUTION
● Make sure you turn the power off while
threading the machine. If you accidentally
step on the foot controller and the machine
starts to sew, you could be injured.
Memo
● The direction for feeding the bobbin thread
is indicated by marks on the needle plate
cover. Be sure to thread the machine as
indicated.
CAUTION
● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread
unrolls in the right direction. If the thread unrolls
in the wrong direction, it may cause the thread
tension to be incorrect or break the needle.
19
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Hold the end of the thread, push the bobbin
e down with your finger, and then pass the
thread through the slit, as shown.
• If the thread is not correctly inserted through
the tension-adjusting spring of the bobbin
case, it may cause incorrect thread tension
(page 41).
Raise the needle to its highest position by turning
a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) or
press
(needle position button) (for models
equipped with the needle position button), and
raise the presser foot lever.
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
c
Slide the button and open the cover.
1
2
a Cover
b Slide button
1
a Tension-adjusting spring
Replace the bobbin cover. Put the left tab in
f place (see arrow a), and then press lightly on
the right side (see arrow b) until the cover
clicks into place.
Insert the bobbin with your right hand so that the
d end of the thread is on the left, and then, after
pulling the thread firmly around the tab with your
left hand as shown, lightly pull the thread to
guide it through the slit.
• Replace the cover so that the end of the
thread comes out from the left side of the
cover (as shown by the line in the diagram).
■ For models equipped with the quick-set bobbin
Memo
● The direction for feeding the bobbin thread
is indicated by marks on the needle plate
cover. Be sure to thread the machine as
indicated.
a Tab
CAUTION
● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread
unrolls in the right direction. If the thread unrolls
in the wrong direction, it may cause the thread
tension to be incorrect or break the needle.
20
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While lightly holding down the bobbin with
e your right hand as shown, guide the thread
through the slit (a and b). Then, pull the
thread toward you to cut it with the cutter
(c).
• At this time, check that the bobbin easily
rotates counterclockwise.
Replace the bobbin cover. Put the left tab in
f place (see arrow a), and then press lightly on
the right side (see arrow b) until the cover
clicks into place.
1
Memo
a Slit
b Cutter (Cut the thread with the cutter.)
● You can begin sewing immediately without
drawing up the bobbin thread. If you want
to draw up the bobbin thread before you
start to sew, follow to the procedure in
“Drawing up the lower thread” (page 27).
Note
● If the thread is not correctly inserted
through the tension-adjusting spring of the
bobbin case, it may cause incorrect thread
tension (page 41).
1
a Tension-adjusting spring
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Upper threading
Set the upper thread and thread the needle.
• For details on the needle threader, see page 25.
a Spool pin
b Mark on the handwheel
CAUTION
● When threading the upper thread, carefully follow the instructions. If the upper threading is not correct,
the thread may become tangled or the needle may bend or break.
● Never use a thread weight of 20 or lower.
● Use the needle and the thread in the correct combination. For details on the correct combination of
needles and threads, refer to “Needle types and their uses” (page 28).
a
Turn on the sewing machine.
Raise the presser foot using the presser foot
b lever.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
c toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up, or press
(needle position button) (for models equipped
with the needle position button) once or twice
to raise the needle.
or
a Presser foot lever
CAUTION
● If the presser foot is not raised, the sewing
machine cannot be threaded correctly.
22
a Mark
b Needle position button
• If the needle is not correctly raised, the
sewing machine can not be threaded. Be
sure to turn the handwheel so that the mark
on the wheel points up before threading the
sewing machine.
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As shown, press down on the spool pin lever
d with your finger.
X The spool pin swings up.
Fully insert the spool for the upper thread
f onto the spool pin.
Slide the spool onto the pin so that the spool is
horizontal and the thread unwinds to the front
at the bottom.
CAUTION
● Do not grab the bar to raise the spool pin,
otherwise, the spool pin may bend or break.
e
Remove the spool cap.
Slide the spool cap onto the spool pin.
g With the slightly rounded side of the spool cap
positioned toward the left, slide the spool cap
onto the spool pin as far as possible to the right
so that the spool is moved to the right end of
the spool pin.
a Spool pin
b Spool cap
CAUTION
● Be sure to raise the spool pin before use. If the
spool of thread is in the wrong place, or is set
incorrectly, the thread may tangle on the
spool pin and cause the needle to break.
CAUTION
● If the spool or the spool cap is not positioned
correctly, the thread may become tangled
around the spool pin or the needle may break.
● Three spool cap sizes are available, allowing you
to choose a spool cap that best fits the size of
spool being used. If the spool cap is too small for
the spool being used, the thread may catch on
the slit in the spool or the needle may break.
23
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Feed the upper thread as shown in the
j illustration below.
Memo
● When sewing with fine, cross-wound
thread, use the small spool cap, and leave a
small space between the cap and the spool.
c
b
a
a Spool cap (small)
b Spool (cross-wound thread)
c Space
h and then pass the thread under the thread
While holding the spool with your right hand,
guide.
k thread take-up lever from right to left as
Make sure you guide the thread through the
shown in the illustration below.
a Thread guide
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
i from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled
out, and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a Thread guide cover
24
a Thread take-up lever
Memo
● If the needle is not raised, the thread takeup lever cannot be threaded. Be sure to
press the needle position button to raise the
needle before threading the thread take-up
lever.
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Put the thread behind the needle bar thread
l guide above the needle.
The thread can easily be passed behind the
needle bar thread guide by holding the thread
in your left hand, then feeding the thread with
your right hand.
a Needle bar thread guide
m
Turn off the sewing machine.
■ Using the needle threader (for models
equipped with the needle threader)
CAUTION
● The needle threader can be used with a 75/11
through 100/16 home sewing machine
needle. However, the needle threader cannot
be used with a 65/9 home sewing machine
needle. When using special thread such as
transparent nylon thread or metallic thread,
the needle threader cannot be used.
● Thread with a thickness of 130/120 or thicker
cannot be used with the needle threader.
● The needle threader cannot be used with the
wing needle or the twin needle.
● If the needle threader cannot be used, refer to
“Upper threading” (page 22).
Follow steps a through m of the procedure
CAUTION
● Make sure you turn the power off while
threading the machine without using the
needle threader (for models equipped with
the needle threader). If you accidentally step
on the foot controller and the machine starts
to sew, you could be injured.
a in “Upper threading” to thread the machine
to the needle bar thread guide.
b
Lower the presser foot lever.
c hook the thread onto the guide.
While lowering the needle threader lever,
Thread the needle from front to back and pull
n out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread.
a 5 cm (2 inches)
a Needle holder
b Needle threader lever
c Guide
Note
● If the thread take-up lever is lowered, the
upper thread cannot be wrapped around the
thread take-up lever. Make sure you raise
the presser foot lever and the thread take-up
lever before you feed the upper thread.
● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may
cause sewing problems.
25
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d
Fully lower the needle threader lever.
Pull the loop of the thread passed through the
g eye of the needle toward the rear of the
machine.
X The end of the needle threader rotates
toward you and the hook passes
through the eye of the needle.
e
Catch the thread on the hook as shown below.
a Loop of thread
CAUTION
● Be careful not to pull on the thread with force
or it may bend the needle.
● If the thread does not pass through the eye of
the needle, start from step c again.
h
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Hook
b Thread
f needle threader lever. The hook will pull the
While lightly holding the thread, release the
a Presser foot lever
thread through the needle.
Pass the end of the thread through the presser
i foot, and then pull out about 5 cm (2 inches)
of thread toward the rear of the machine.
a 5 cm (2 inches)
Note
● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may
cause sewing problems.
26
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Drawing up the lower thread
a
Lightly hold the end of the upper thread.
Pull out about 10 cm (4 inches) of both
d threads and pull them toward the back of the
machine under the presser foot.
a Upper thread
b raise the needle either by turning the
While holding the end of the upper thread,
handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) so
that the mark on the wheel points up or by
pressing
(needle position button) (for
models equipped with the needle position
button) once or twice.
or
a Upper thread
b Lower thread
■ For models equipped with the quick-set
bobbin
You can begin sewing immediately without
drawing up the bobbin thread. When sewing
gathers or darts, you can draw up the lower
thread by hand so that some thread will be left
over. Before you draw up the lower thread, put
the bobbin back in.
Pass the thread along the slit in the direction
a of the arrow, and leave it there without
cutting it.
a Mark
b Needle position button
c thread.
Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower
• The bobbin cover should still be removed.
Draw up the lower thread as described in
b steps 1 to 4.
c
Replace the bobbin cover.
a Upper thread
b Lower thread
27
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REPLACING THE NEEDLE
This section provides information on sewing machine needles.
Needle precautions
Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Failure to observe these
precautions is extremely dangerous. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below.
CAUTION
● Only use home sewing machine needles. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the
machine.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injury.
Needle types and their uses
The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Refer to the
following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew.
Fabric Type/Application
Medium weight
fabrics
Thin fabrics
Thick fabrics
Thread
Type
Broadcloth
Cotton thread
Taffeta
Synthetic thread
Flannel, Gabardine
Silk thread
Lawn
Cotton thread
Georgette
Synthetic thread
Challis, Satin
Silk thread
Denim
Cotton thread
Corduroy
Synthetic thread
Tweed
Silk thread
Size
60–90
Tricot
Thread for knits
Cotton thread
Easily frayed fabrics
For top-stitching
Synthetic thread
75/11–90/14
50
60–90
65/9–75/11
50
30
100/16
50
50–60
Jersey
Stretch fabrics
Size of Needle
50–60
50–90
90/14–100/16
Ball point needle
75/11–90/14
(gold colored)
65/9–90/14
Silk thread
50
Synthetic thread
Silk thread
30
100/16
50–60
75/11–90/14
Note
● Never use a thread of weight 20 or lower. It may cause malfunctions.
Memo
● The smaller the thread number, the thicker the thread; and the larger the needle number, the thicker the
needle.
28
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■ Ball point needle
■ Incorrect needle
Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch
fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily
occur.
Use the ball point needle for best results when
sewing patterns using monogramming foot “N”.
The factory recommended needle is “HG-4BR”
(Organ). Schmetz needles “JERSEY BALL POINT”
130/705H SUK 90/14 may be used as a substitute.
If the distance between the needle and the flat
surface is not even, the needle is bent. Do not use
a bent needle.
1
1
■ Transparent nylon thread
Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle, regardless of the
fabric or thread.
a Flat surface
Replacing the needle
CAUTION
● The appropriate fabric, thread and needle
combinations are shown in the table on the
previous page. If the combination of the
fabric, thread and needle is not correct,
particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such
as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to
75/11), the needle may bend or break. In
addition, the stitching may be uneven or
puckered or there may be skipped stitches.
Replace the needle as described below. Use the
disc-shaped screwdriver and a needle that has been
determined to be straight according to the
instructions in “Checking the needle”.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
a toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with
(needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing
once or
twice.)
Checking the needle
Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous
since the needle may break while the machine is
being operated.
Before using the needle, place the flat side of the
needle on a flat surface and check that the distance
between the needle and the flat surface is even.
or
1
a Mark
2
b
b Needle position button
Turn off the sewing machine.
a Flat side
b Needle type marking
■ Correct needle
CAUTION
1
● Before replacing the needle, be sure to turn
off the sewing machine, otherwise injuries
may occur if the foot controller or the start/
stop button is accidentally pressed and the
machine starts sewing.
a Flat surface
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c
Lower the presser foot lever.
With the flat side of the needle toward the
e rear of the machine, insert the needle until it
touches the needle stopper.
a Presser foot lever
CAUTION
● Before replacing the needle, place fabric or
paper under the presser foot to prevent the
needle from falling into the hole in the needle
plate.
Hold the needle with your left hand, and then
d use a disc-shaped screwdriver to turn the
a Needle stopper
While holding the needle with your left hand,
f use the disc-shaped screwdriver to tighten the
needle clamp screw by turning it clockwise.
needle clamp screw counterclockwise to
remove the needle.
Note
● The needle can be removed by simply
loosening the needle clamp screw about
one turn. (If the needle clamp screw is
loosened too much, the needle clamp
(which holds the needle) may fall off.
Therefore, do not loosen the needle clamp
screw too much.)
Install the twin needle in the same way.
CAUTION
a Disc-shaped screwdriver
b Needle clamp screw
• Do not apply strong force when loosening or
tightening the needle clamp screw,
otherwise certain parts of the sewing
machine may be damaged.
30
● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches
the needle stopper and securely tighten the
needle clamp screw with the disc-shaped
screwdriver, otherwise the needle may break
or damage may result.
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Sewing with the twin needle
We have designed your machine so you can sew with this needle and two top threads. You can use the same
color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches.
For details on the stitches that can be sewn with the twin needle, refer to “STITCH SETTINGS” (page 73).
a Twin needle
b Extra spool pin
CAUTION
● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: 131096-121). Other needles
could break, and damage the machine.
● Do not sew with bent needles. The needle could break and injure you.
● You can not use the needle threader to thread the twin needle. Instead, thread the twin needle by hand,
from front to back. Using the needle threader may damage the machine.
● When using the twin needle, be sure to select an appropriate stitch, otherwise the needle may break or
the machine may be damaged.
● Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less, otherwise the needle may break or the machine may
be damaged.
a • For details on installing a needle, refer to
Install the twin needle.
d bobbin winder shaft.
Insert the extra spool pin onto the end of the
“Replacing the needle” (page 29).
a Bobbin winder shaft
b Extra spool pin
c Thread spool
Thread the upper thread for the left needle.
b • For details, refer to steps a through l of
“Upper threading” (page 22).
Manually thread the left needle with the
c upper thread.
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front to the back.
Install the thread spool and thread the upper
e thread.
Memo
● When setting the thread spool, set it so that
the thread winds off from the front of the
spool.
31
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Thread the upper thread for the right side in
f the same way that the upper thread for the
left side was threaded.
Select a stitch.
j • For details on selecting a stitch, refer to
“Selecting stitching” (page 37).
• For details on the stitches that can be sewn
with the twin needle, refer to “STITCH
SETTINGS” (page 73).
CAUTION
a Thread guide cover
• For details, refer to step a through l of
“Upper threading” (page 22).
Without passing the thread through the
g needle bar thread guide, manually thread the
right needle.
Pass the thread through the eye of the needle
from the front to the back.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
Start sewing.
k For details on starting to sew, refer to “Starting
to sew” (page 39).
X Two lines of stitching are sewn parallel
to each other.
h • For details on changing the presser foot, refer
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 33).
Note
Note
Models equipped with a needle threader
● You cannot use the needle threader to
thread the twin needle. Instead, thread the
twin needle by hand, from front to back.
Using the needle threader may damage the
machine.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach
zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may
break or the machine may be damaged.
i
32
Turn on the sewing machine.
● When using the twin needle, the stitches
may become bunched together, depending
on the types of thread and fabric that are
used. If this occurs, increase the stitch
length. For details on adjusting the stitch
length, refer to “Adjusting the stitch length
and width” (page 38).
CAUTION
● When changing the sewing direction, be sure
to raise the needle from the fabric, and then
raise the presser foot lever and turn the
fabric. Otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
● Do not try turning the fabric with the twin
needle left down in the fabric, otherwise the
needle may break or the machine may be
damaged.
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REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT
CAUTION
● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. If you leave the power on and step on the
controller, the machine will start and you may be injured.
● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. If you use the wrong presser
foot, the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break, and may cause injury.
● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. Using other any presser feet
may cause an accident or injury.
Press the black button at the back of the
Replacing the presser foot
d presser foot holder to release the presser foot.
Replace the presser foot as described below.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
a toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with
(needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing
once or twice.)
a Black button
b Presser foot holder
or
a Mark
Place a different presser foot below the holder
e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the
b Needle position button
shank in the holder.
Position the presser foot so the letter indicating
the presser foot type (J, A, etc.) is positioned to
be read.
If the sewing machine has been turned on,
b turn it off.
CAUTION
● Before replacing the presser foot, be sure to
turn off the sewing machine, otherwise
injuries may occur if the foot controller or the
start/stop button is accidentally pressed and
the machine starts sewing.
c
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot holder
b Shank
c Pin
Note
● The presser foot to be used with each stitch
appears in the LCD. To select a stitch, refer
to “Selecting stitching” (page 37).
a Presser foot lever
33
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Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the
f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the
presser foot holder.
Removing the presser foot
holder
Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the
sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that
does not use the presser foot holder, such as the
quilting foot. Use the disc-shaped screwdriver to
remove the presser foot holder.
a
Remove the presser foot.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 33).
Use the disc-shaped screwdriver to loosen the
b presser foot holder screw.
a
b
c
d
Presser foot lever
Presser foot holder
Shank
Pin
X The presser foot is attached.
Raise the presser foot lever to check that the
g presser foot is securely attached.
a Disc-shaped screwdriver
b Presser foot holder
c Presser foot holder screw
■ Attaching the presser foot holder
Align the presser foot holder with the lower-
a left side of the presser bar.
a Presser foot holder
b Presser bar
34
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Hold the presser foot holder in place with
b your right hand, and then tighten the screw
using the disc-shaped screwdriver in your left
hand.
1
a Disc-shaped screwdriver
b Presser foot holder
c Presser foot holder screw
Note
● If the presser foot holder is not correctly
installed, the thread tension will be
incorrect.
CAUTION
● Be sure to securely tighten the presser foot
holder screw, otherwise the presser foot
holder may fall off and the needle may strike
it, causing the needle to bend or break.
35
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2 SEWING BASICS
SEWING
Basic sewing operations are described below.
Before operating the sewing machine, read the following precautions.
CAUTION
● While the machine is in operation, pay special attention to the needle location. In addition, keep your
hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel, otherwise injuries may occur.
● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing, otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may
break.
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins, otherwise the needle may break or bend.
General sewing procedure
Follow the basic procedures below to sew.
1
Turn on the
machine.
Turn on the sewing machine.
For details on turning on the machine, refer to “Power supply” (page 12).
↓
2
Select the stitch.
Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn.
For details on selecting a stitch, refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 37).
↓
3
Attach the presser
foot.
Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch.
For details on replacing the presser foot, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 33).
↓
4
36
Start sewing.
Position the fabric, and then start sewing. When sewing is finished, cut the
threads.
For details on starting to sew, refer to “Starting to sew” (page 39).
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Attach the presser foot indicated in the LCD.
c The display location of the presser foot type
Selecting stitching
Using the stitch selection keys, select the desired
stitch.
When the sewing machine is turned on, the straight
stitch ( left needle position) is selected.
a
differs depending on the model.
This manual shows, as an example, the LCD
(illustration above) of models where the presser
foot type appears above the number of the
selected stitch.
Turn on the sewing machine.
2
b
Press
a Presser foot type
(stitch selection keys). The
number of the selected stitch is displayed.
Press the “+” or “–” side of
to increase or
reduce the number by one. Pressing
on the
right changes the digit on the right and pressing
on the left changes the digit on the left.
• For details, refer to “Replacing the presser
foot” (page 33).
Memo
● The presser foot to be used is indicated by
the letter (J, A, etc.) that appears above or
beside the stitch number.
d width.
If necessary, adjust the stitch length and
• For details on sewing with each of the utility
stitches, refer to the following example.
X The stitch is selected.
37
SEWING BASICS ———————
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Press the “+” or “–” side of
Adjusting the stitch length
and width
■ [Example] Selecting stitch
a
(stitch width
c adjustment key) to increase or reduce the
stitch width.
.
Press the stitch selection keys to select stitch 04.
With
on the right, select “4”, and with
a
b
c
d
on the left, select “0”.
Stitch width
Stitch width adjustment key
Narrow
Wide
Note
Press the “+” or “–” side of
(stitch
b length adjustment key) to increase or reduce
the stitch length.
a
b
c
d
38
Stitch length
Stitch length adjustment key
Short
Long
● When the stitch length or stitch width is
changed from the standard setting,
around
or
disappears from the LCD.
When the stitch length or stitch width is
reset back to the standard setting,
reappears around
or
in the LCD.
● If the stitch width of the selected stitch
cannot be adjusted, “–. –” appears to the
right of
in the LCD.
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
● If the stitches are bunched together, increase
the stitch length. Continuing to sew with the
stitches bunched together may result in the
needle bending or breaking.
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While holding the end of the thread and the
d fabric with your left hand, turn the handwheel
Starting to sew
toward you (counterclockwise) with your
right hand to lower the needle to the starting
point of the stitching.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
a toward you (counterclockwise) so that the mark
on the wheel points up. (With models equipped
with
(needle position button), raise the
needle by pressing
once or twice.)
2
or
e
a Mark
b
Lower the presser foot lever.
b Needle position button
Raise the presser foot lever.
a Presser foot lever
f controller, slide the sewing speed controller
On models equipped with a sewing speed
a Presser foot lever
Place the fabric under the presser foot, pass
c the thread under the presser foot, and then
to the left or right to adjust the sewing speed.
Refer to “Sewing speed controller (for models
equipped with the start/stop button)”
(page 13).
pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread
toward the rear of the machine.
a Sewing speed controller
a 5 cm (2 inches)
Slowly press down on the foot controller.
(start/stop
button), if the foot controller is not connected,
press
once.)
g (With models equipped with
or
aStart/stop button
X The machine starts sewing.
39
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h
Take your foot off the foot controller, or press
(start/stop button) once (if the machine
was started by pressing
(start/stop button))
(for models equipped with the start/stop
button).
X The machine stops sewing.
■ Sewing reinforcement stitches
When sewing stitches other than straight or zigzag
stitches that are secured with reverse stitching,
pressing
(reverse/reinforcement stitch button)
sews reinforcement stitches, 3 to 5 stitches on top
of each other.
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
i toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
mark on the wheel points up. (With models
equipped with
(needle position button),
raise the needle by pressing
once or
twice.)
This procedure is not necessary if the
needle stop position has been set to the
raised position (page 13).
j
Raise the presser foot lever.
Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine,
k and then pass the threads upward from below
through the thread cutter to cut them.
1
a Thread cutter
Memo
● When the foot controller is plugged in, start/
stop button cannot be used to start sewing
(for models equipped with the start/stop
button).
● When sewing is stopped, the needle remains
lowered (in the fabric). The machine can be
set so that the needle will stay up when
sewing is stopped. For details on setting the
machine so that the needles stay up when
sewing is stopped, refer to “Changing the
needle stop position” (page 13).
40
a Reverse stitching
b Reinforcement stitching
Memo
● Whether reverse stitches or reinforcement
stitches are sewn depends on the stitch that
is selected. For details, refer to “STITCH
SETTINGS” (page 73).
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Memo
Thread tension
● When you finish sewing, remove the
bobbin cover and then make sure that the
thread is shown as below. If the thread is
not shown as below, the thread is not
inserted through the tension-adjusting
spring of the bobbin case correctly. Reinsert
the thread correctly. For details, refer to
page 19, 20.
The thread tension will affect the quality of your
stitches. You may need to adjust it when you change
fabric or thread.
Memo
● We recommend that you do a test sample
on scrap of a fabric before you start to sew.
2
■ Correct tension
Correct tension is important as too much or too
little tension will weaken your seams or cause
puckers on your fabric.
1
a
b
c
d
2
Wrong side
Surface
Upper thread
Lower thread
3
4
■ Upper tension is too tight
Loops will appear on the surface of the fabric.
■ Upper tension is too loose
Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric.
Note
Note
● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly
threaded, the upper thread may be too tight.
In this case, refer to “Lower threading”
(page 19) and rethread the bobbin thread.
● If the upper thread was incorrectly
threaded, the upper thread may be too
loose. In this case, refer to “Upper
threading” (page 22) and rethread the upper
thread.
1
a
b
c
d
e
2
3
5
Wrong side
Surface
Upper thread
Lower thread
Loops appear on
surface of fabric
5
1
a
b
c
d
e
2
4
Solution
Reduce the tension by turning the upper
tension-control dial to a lower number.
5
4
3
3
4
Wrong side
Surface
Upper thread
Lower thread
Loops appear on
wrong side of
fabric
Solution
Increase the tension by turning the upper
tension-control dial to a higher number.
5
4
3
41
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USEFUL SEWING TIPS
Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. Refer to these tips when
sewing your project.
Lower the presser foot lever and continue
Trial sewing
After you select a stitch, the machine automatically
sets the stitch width and length for the stitch that is
selected.
However, a trial piece of fabric should be sewn since,
depending on the type of fabric and stitching being
sewn, the desired results may not be achieved.
For the trial sewing, use a piece of fabric and thread
that are the same as those used for your project, and
check the thread tension and stitch length and width.
Since the results differ depending on the type of
stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn,
perform the trial sewing under the same conditions
that will be used with your project.
Changing the sewing
direction
c sewing.
Sewing curves
Stop sewing, and then slightly change the sewing
direction to sew around the curve.
When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag
stitch, select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain
a finer stitch.
a sewing machine.
When the stitching reaches a corner, stop the
Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). If the
needle was raised, lower the needle either by
turning the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) or by pressing
(needle
position button) once (for models equipped
with the needle position button).
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, be sure to raise
the needle before changing the sewing
direction. If the fabric is turned while the
needle is lowered, the needle may bend or
break.
Raise the presser foot lever, and then turn the
b fabric.
Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot.
42
Sewing thick fabrics
■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot
If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser
foot, raise the presser foot lever even higher to
bring the presser foot to its highest position.
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■ If thick seams are being sewn and the fabric does
not feed at the beginning of stitching
The fabric may not feed when thick seams are
being sewn and the presser foot is not level, as
shown below. In this case, use the presser foot
locking pin (black button on the left side of zigzag
foot “J”) so that the presser foot remains level
while sewing, allowing the fabric to be fed
smoothly.
CAUTION
● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inch) thick is
sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much
force, the needle may bend or break.
Sewing hook-and-loop
fastener
2
CAUTION
a Sewing direction
a
Raise the presser foot lever.
Align the beginning of stitching, and then
b position the fabric.
● Use only the ungummed hook-and-loop
fastener which is for sewing. If the glue is
attached to the needle or the bobbin hook
race, it may cause malfunction.
● If the hook-and-loop fastener is sewn with the
thin needle (65/9-75/11), the needle may
bend or break.
While holding zigzag foot “J” level, hold the
c presser foot locking pin (black button on the
left side) pressed in, and lower the presser
foot lever.
Note
● Before start sewing, baste together the fabric
and the hook-and-loop fastener.
Make sure that the needle passes through the hookand-loop fastener by turning the handwheel and
lower the needle into the hook-and-loop fastener
before sewing. And then, sew the edge of the hookand-loop fastener at a slow speed.
If the needle does not pass through the hook-andloop fastener, replace the needle with the needle for
thick fabrics (page 28).
a Presser foot locking pin (black button)
d button).
Release the presser foot locking pin (black
X The presser foot remains level, allowing
the fabric to be fed.
a Edge of the hook-and-loop fastener
• After the seam is sewn, the presser foot will
return to its original angle.
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Sewing thin fabrics
When sewing thin fabrics, the stitching may become
misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. If
this occurs, place thin paper or stabilizer material
under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric.
When you have finished sewing, tear off any excess
paper.
Stitching cylindrical pieces
Removing the flat bed attachment makes it easier to
sew cylindrical pieces such as cuffs and pant legs, or
hard-to-reach areas.
a release it.
Slide the flat bed attachment to the left to
a Stabilizer material or paper
Sewing stretch fabrics
First, baste the pieces of fabric together, and then
sew without stretching the fabric.
a Flat bed attachment
X With the flat bed attachment removed,
free-arm sewing is possible.
• When sewing cylindrical pieces, follow the
next step.
Note
a Basting
● When you are finished with free-arm
sewing, install the flat bed attachment back
in its original position.
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the
b arm, and then sew from the top.
44
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3 UTILITY STITCHES
OVERCASTING STITCHES
You can use the overcasting stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. They are also
useful for sewing stretch materials.
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
04
04
04
04
Overcasting and attaching appliqués
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
***
Yes
Rev.
3-point
zigzag stitch
J
05
05
05
Overcasting on medium
or stretch fabrics,
05 weight
attaching elastic, darning, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
G
06
06
06
on thin or
06 Overcasting
medium weight fabrics
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
G
07
07
07
on thick fab07 Overcasting
rics
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
J
08
08
08
Overcasting on stretch
08 fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.5–4.0
(1/32–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
Overcasting
stitch
Presser Foot
J
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Zigzag stitch
Stitch Name
Pattern
Walking Foot
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Pattern No.
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
*
**
**
**
**
*Rev.: Reverse
**Rfc.: Reinforcement
***Do not use reverse stitching.
****Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
c
Using zigzag foot
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b
Select stitch
,
or
Sew with the edge of the fabric.
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 37).
a Needle drop point
45
3
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
Using overcasting foot
a
Attach overcasting foot “G”.
b
Select stitch
or
.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 37).
Position the fabric with the edge of the fabric
c against the guide of the presser foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
a Guide
d (counterclockwise) and check that the needle
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you
does not touch the presser foot.
Sew with the edge of the fabric against the
e presser foot guide.
1
a Needle drop point
CAUTION
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
a Check that the needle does not touch the
presser foot.
46
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
BASIC STITCHING
Manual
Auto
Manual
Walking Foot
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Basic stitching, sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
J
00
00
00
00
Center
J
01
01
01
Attaching zippers, basic
01 stitching, and sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
Triple
stretch stitch
J
02
02
02
02
Straight
Auto
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
***
Yes
Rev.
–
–
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
Yes
(J)
***
Yes
Rev.
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.5–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Application
Left
*Rev.: Reverse
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. Three stitches are available for basic stitching.
Attaching sleeves, sewing inseams, sewing
stretch fabrics and decorative stitching
**Rfc.: Reinforcement
Rfc.
*
*
**
***Do not use reverse stitching.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Basic stitching
a
Baste or pin together the fabric pieces.
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select a stitch.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 37).
Lower the needle into the fabric at the
d beginning of the stitching.
e
Start sewing.
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 39).
• For details on sewing reverse/reinforcement
stitches, refer to “Sewing reinforcement
stitches” (page 40).
f
When sewing is finished, cut the thread.
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 39).
■ Changing the needle position
With the straight stitch (left needle position) and
the triple stretch stitch, the needle position can be
adjusted. Pressing the “+” side of the stitch width
adjustment key moves the needle to the right;
pressing the “–” side of the stitch width
adjustment key moves the needle to the left.
a
b
c
d
Stitch width
Stitch width adjustment key
Left needle position
Right needle position
47
3
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
BLIND HEM STITCHING
Walking Foot
R
09
09
09
09
Blind hem stitching on
medium weight fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No
No
R
10
10
10
Blind hem stitching on
10 stretch fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No
No
Presser Foot
Twin Needle
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project, like the hem of a pair of trousers, without the stitch showing.
Rfc.
*
Blind hem
stitch
Rfc.
*
*Rfc.: Reinforcement
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Memo
● When selecting stitch
or
. Stitch numbers “0”, “-1”, “-2” or “-3” may be displayed on the LCD by
pressing “-” side of the stitch width adjustment key, then the needle drop point will be changed to the
left. Stitch numbers “0”, “1”, “2” or “3” may be displayed on the LCD by pressing “+” side of the stitch
width adjustment key, then the needle drop point will be changed to the right.
● When the size of cylindrical pieces is too small to slide onto the arm or the length is too short, the
fabric will not feed and desired results may not be achieved.
a
Reverse the skirt or pants.
Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the
b hem, and press.
a
b
1
a Right side of fabric
b Bottom side
1
2
2
<Thick fabric>
1
2
<Seen from the side>
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
48
<Normal fabric>
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm
c (3/16 inch) from the edge of the fabric, and
Unfold the edge of fabric, and position the
e fabric with the wrong side facing up.
then baste it.
5
3
4
2
1
1
2
1
2
<Thick fabric>
<Thick fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Normal fabric>
<Seen from the side>
<Seen from the side>
a
b
c
d
e
d
a
b
c
d
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
Edge of fabric
Basting stitching
5 mm (3/16 inch)
Fold back the fabric inside along the basting.
4
2
3
Wrong side of fabric
Right side of fabric
Basting
Edge of fabric
f
Attach blind hem foot “R”.
g
Select a stitch.
h free-arm sewing possible.
Remove the flat bed attachment and make
3
• For details on free-arm sewing, refer to
“Stitching cylindrical pieces” (page 44).
1
1
1
Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the
<Thick fabric>
i arm, make sure that the fabric feeds correctly,
and then start sewing.
<Normal fabric>
<Seen from the side>
a
b
c
d
Wrong side of fabric
Edge of fabric
Basting
5 mm (3/16 inch)
a Arm
j hem against the guide of the presser foot, and
Position the fabric with the edge of the folded
then lower the presser foot lever.
R
a Wrong side of fabric
b Fold of hem
c Guide
49
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
Adjust the stitch width until the needle
k slightly catches the fold of the hem.
R
■ If the needle does not catch the hem fold
If the needle does not catch the hem fold, adjust
the stitch width so that the needle slightly catches
the fold by pressing the “-” side of the stitch width
adjustment key.
<Thick fabric>
1
a Needle drop point
When you change the needle drop point, raise
the needle, and then change the stitch width.
Stitch width
<Normal fabric>
a Thick fabric
b Normal fabric
■ If the needle catches too much of the hem fold
If the needle catches too much of the hem fold,
adjust the stitch width so that the needle slightly
catches the fold by pressing the “+” side of the
stitch width adjustment key.
a Wrong side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
• For details on changing the stitch width,
refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 37).
Sew with the fold of the hem against the
l presser foot guide.
<Thick fabric>
Remove the basting stitching and turn the
m fabric right side up.
1
2
<Normal fabric>
a Wrong side of fabric
1
a Wrong side of fabric
50
2
b Right side of fabric
b Right side of fabric
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
BUTTONHOLE SEWING
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
A
29
29
29
Horizontal buttonholes
25 on thin and medium
weight fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
3.0-5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
(1/32)
0.2-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
30
30
30
Secured buttoholes for
26 fabrics that have backings
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
(1/32)
0.2–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
31
31
31
27
Buttonholes for stretch or
6.0
3.0–6.0
knit fabrics
(15/64) (1/8-15/64)
1.0
(1/16)
0.5–2.0
(1/32-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
32
32
32
Buttonholes for stretch
28 fabrics
1.5
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
A
33
33
33
29 Keyhole buttonholes for
thick or furry fabrics
A
34
34
–
–
A
35
35
–
J
40
40
–
Presser Foot
Walking Foot
Zigzag stitch
(for quilting)
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Buttonhole
stitch
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
Application
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on.
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
6.0
3.0–6.0
(15/64) (1/8-15/64)
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
Keyhole buttonholes for
medium weight and thick
fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
–
Keyhole buttonholes for
thick or furry fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Auto
Rfc.
–
Appliqué quilting, freemotion quilting, satin
stitching, button sewing
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0-4.0
(0-3/16)
No
Yes
Rfc.
*Auto Rfc.: Automatic Reinforcement
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
**
**Rfc.: Reinforcement
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
The maximum buttonhole length is about 28 mm (1-1/8 inches) (diameter + thickness of the button).
Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back, as shown below.
a Reinforcement stitching
51
3
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”, which is
used for sewing buttonholes, are indicated below.
1
■ If the button does not fit in the button guide
plate
Add together the diameter and thickness of
the button, and then set the button guide
plate to the calculated length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot
scale is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
2
1
5
3
2
4
3
A
a
b
c
d
e
a Presser foot scale
b Length of buttonhole
(Diameter + thickness of button)
c 5 mm (3/16 inch)
Button guide plate
Presser foot scale
Pin
Marks on buttonhole foot
5 mm (3/16 inch)
Use chalk to mark the position and length of
a the buttonhole on the fabric.
Example: For a button with a diameter of 15 mm
(9/16 inch) and a thickness of 10 mm (3/8 inch),
the button guide plate should be set to 25 mm
(1 inch) on the scale.
2
1
1
2
a 10 mm (3/8 inch)
b 15 mm (9/16 inch)
a Marks on fabric
b Buttonhole sewing
A
Pull out the button guide plate of buttonhole
b foot “A”, and then insert the button that will
be put through the buttonhole.
X The size of the buttonhole is set.
52
c
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
d
Select a stitch.
e in the presser foot.
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
Position the fabric with the front end of the
f buttonhole mark aligned with the red marks
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
h your left hand, and then start sewing.
on the sides of the buttonhole foot, and then
lower the presser foot lever.
1
2
2
A
a Mark on fabric
b Red marks on buttonhole foot
• When lowering the presser foot, do not push
in the front of the presser foot, otherwise the
buttonhole will not be sewn with the correct
size.
Note
● If thick seams are being sewn and the fabric
does not feed, sew with the coarser (longer)
stitch.
3
X Once sewing is completed, the
machine automatically sews
reinforcement stitches, then stops.
Raise the needle and the presser foot lever,
i remove the fabric, and cut the thread.
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
j position.
a Do not reduce the gap.
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
g possible.
a Buttonhole lever
The buttonhole lever is positioned behind the
bracket on the buttonhole foot.
a Buttonhole lever
b Bracket
53
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole
k stitching to prevent the stitching from being
cut, and then use a seam ripper to cut towards
the pin and open the buttonhole.
2
■ Sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics
When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics, use a
gimp thread.
Hook the gimp thread onto the part of
a buttonhole foot “A” shown in the illustration
so that it fits into the grooves, and then
loosely tie it.
1
a Seam ripper
b Pin
For keyhole buttonholes, use a commercial
eyelet punch to make a hole in the rounded
end of the buttonhole, and then use the seam
ripper to cut open the buttonhole.
1
a Eyelet punch
• When using the eyelet punch, place thick
paper or some other protective sheet under
the fabric before punching the hole in the
fabric.
CAUTION
● When opening the buttonhole with the seam
ripper, do not place your hands in the cutting
path, otherwise injuries may result if the seam
ripper slips. Do not use the seam ripper in any
other way than how it is intended.
b
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
c
Select a stitch
or
.
Adjust the stitch width to the thickness of the
d gimp thread.
Lower the presser foot lever and the
e buttonhole lever, and then start sewing.
f thread to remove any slack.
When sewing is finished, gently pull the gimp
Memo
● Before sewing buttonholes, check the stitch
length and width by sewing a trial
buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric.
Use a handsewing needle to pull the gimp
g thread to the wrong side of the fabric, and
then tie it.
With a seam ripper, cut the middle part of the
h gimp thread remaining at the top end of the
buttonhole.
Trim off any excess of the gimp thread.
54
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
Place a button between the presser foot and
d the fabric.
Button sewing
Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.
Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached.
Measure the distance between the holes in the
a button to be attached.
• When attaching four-hole buttons, first sew
the two holes closest to you. Then, slide the
button so that the needle goes into the two
holes toward the rear of the sewing machine,
and then sew them in the same way.
b feed dog position lever, located at the rear of
Raise the presser foot lever, and then slide the
3
the machine on the base, to
(to the right
as seen from the front of the machine).
e
Select a stitch
with stitch
. (With models not provided
, select stitch
.)
Adjust the stitch width so that it is the same as
f the distance between the holes in the button.
Set the stitch length to the shortest setting by
g pressing the stitch length adjustment key.
a Feed dog position lever
(as seen from the rear of the machine)
X The feed dogs are lowered.
c
Attach presser foot “M”.
1
a Button fitting foot “M”
55
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
Turn the handwheel toward you
h (counterclockwise) to check that the needle
correctly goes into the two holes of the
button.
Adjust the stitch width to the distance between
the button holes.
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does
not touch the button, otherwise the needle
may bend or break.
i
Start sewing.
• After sewing for about 10 seconds at low
speed, press
(reverse/reinforcement stitch
button) to sew reinforcement stitches.
Pull the upper thread at the end of the
j stitching to the wrong side of the fabric, and
then tie it with the bobbin thread.
Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the
bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching.
When you are finished attaching the button,
(to
the left as seen from the front of the machine)
and turn the handwheel to raise the dogs.
k slide the feed dog position lever to
• Normally, the feed dog position lever is
positioned at
.
56
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
ZIPPER INSERTION
*Rev.: Reverse
01
01
Manual
Auto
Manual
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
01
Auto
Walking Foot
Presser Foot
J
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Straight
stitch
(center)
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
You can use the zipper foot to sew different types of zippers, and can easily position it to the right or left side of
the needle.
–
–
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
Yes
(J)
**
Yes
Rev.
Application
Attaching zippers, basic
01 stitching, and sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
*
**Do not use reverse stitching.
3
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
a
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
Place the two pieces of fabric with their right
b sides facing each other.
Open the seam allowance, press it from the
d wrong side of the fabric with an iron, align the
center of the zipper with the stitching, and
then baste the zipper in place.
Sew basic stitches to the end of the zipper
c opening, and then sew reverse stitches at the
end of the stitching.
• Use basting stitching to sew the zipper
opening (where the zipper will be inserted).
a Wrong side of fabric
a
b
c
d
Basting stitching
Reverse stitches
Wrong side of fabric
End of zipper opening
• Refer to “Basic stitching” on page 47.
b Wrong side of fabric
c Basting stitching
d Zipper
57
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
Attach the presser foot holder to the right side
e of the pin on zipper foot “I”.
I
a Pin on the right side
b Needle drop point
f
Select stitch
Memo
● If the presser foot contacts the zipper slider,
leave the needle lowered (in the fabric) and
raise the presser foot. After moving the
slider so it will not contact the presser foot,
lower the presser foot and continue sewing.
● To sew with the zipper on the left side of the
presser foot, attach the presser foot holder
to the left side of the pin on zipper foot “I”
in step e.
.
I
CAUTION
● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the
needle does not hit the presser foot before
you start sewing. If you choose a different
stitch, the needle will hit the presser foot and
break the needle. You may also be injured.
With the right side of the fabric facing up,
g continue sewing with the zipper on the right
side of the presser foot.
a
b
c
d
Stitching
Right side of fabric
Basting stitching
End of zipper opening
Sew the stitching in order, from a to c.
CAUTION
● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper
during sewing. If the needle hits the zipper,
the needle may break and you may be injured.
58
a Left side of the pin
b Needle drop point
When you have finished sewing, remove the
h basting stitching.
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
SEWING STRETCH FABRICS AND ELASTIC TAPE
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
J
03
03
03
03
Sewing stretch fabrics
and decorative stitching
1.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Yes
(J)
No
3-point
zigzag stitch
J
05
05
05
05
Overcasting on medium
weight or stretch fabrics,
attaching elastic, darning, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Application
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Presser Foot
Stretch stitch
Stitch Name
Pattern
Walking Foot
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Pattern No.
*Rfc.: Reinforcement
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Stretch fabrics can be sewn and elastic tape can be attached.
Rfc.
Rfc.
*
*
3
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
Observe the corresponding precautions when performing each of the following stitching operations.
Stretch stitching
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b
Select stitch
c
Sew the fabric without stretching it.
.
Elastic attaching
When elastic tape is attached to the cuff or waist of a
piece of clothing, the finished dimensions will be that
of the stretched elastic tape. Therefore, it is necessary
that a suitable length of the elastic tape be used.
Pin the elastic tape to the wrong side of the
a fabric.
Pin the elastic tape to the fabric at a few points
to make sure that the tape is uniformly
positioned on the fabric.
1
2
a Elastic tape
b Pin
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select stitch
.
59
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
Sew the elastic tape to the fabric while
d stretching the tape so that it is the same length
as the fabric.
While pulling the fabric behind the presser foot
with your left hand, pull the fabric at the pin
nearest the front of the presser foot with your
right hand.
CAUTION
● When sewing, be sure that the needle does
not touch any pins, otherwise the needle may
bend or break.
60
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
APPLIQUÉ, PATCHWORK AND QUILT STITCHING
The stitches that can be used for sewing appliqués, patchwork and quilts are described below.
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
04
04
04
04
Overcasting and attaching appliqués
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
***
Yes
Rev.
Zigzag stitch
(for quilting)
J
40
40
-
-
Appliqué quilting,
freemotion quilting, satin
stitching, button sewing
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
No
Yes
Appliqué
stitch
J
11
11
11
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.5
(3/32)
1.6–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Yes
(J)
No
J
41
41
-
-
Attaching appliqués and
binding
1.5
(1/16)
0.5–5.0
(1/32–3/16)
1.2
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
J
42
42
-
-
Attaching appliqués and
binding
1.5
(1/16)
0.5–5.0
(1/32–3/16)
1.2
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
J
37
37
-
-
5.5
(7/32)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
Yes
J
38
38
-
-
1.5
(1/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
Yes
J
14
14
14
Patchwork stitching and
14 decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
J
15
15
15
Patchwork stitching, decorative stitching and sew15 ing overcasting on both
pieces of fabrics, such as
with tricot
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
J
16
16
16
stitching and
16 Patchwork
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
Hand-look
quilting
J
39
39
35
stitch quilting
31 Straight
that looks hand-sewn
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Quilting
stippling
J
43
43
-
7.0
(1/4)
1.0–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Presser Foot
J
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Zigzag stitch
Stitch Name
Pattern
Walking Foot
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Pattern No.
11 Appliqué stitching
Appliqué
stitch
(for quilting)
Piecing
straight
stitch
Joining stitch
Application
-
Piecing straight stitching
(with a seam allowance
of 6.5mm from the right
edge of the presser foot)
Piecing straight stitching
(with a seam allowance
of 6.5mm from the left
edge of the presser foot)
Quilting background
stitching (stippling)
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
*
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
*Rev.: Reverse
**Rfc.: Reinforcement
***Do not use reverse stitching.
****Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
61
3
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
e
Appliqués
You can create an appliqué by cutting a different
piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a
decoration.
a
Remove the basting, if necessary.
Memo
● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the
beginning and the end of stitching.
Baste the cut design to the fabric.
CAUTION
CAUTION
● If glue is used to hold the cut design in place
on the fabric, do not apply glue to areas that
will be sewn with the machine. If glue is
attached to the needle or race, the machine
may be damaged.
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select stitch
● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin
during sewing, as the needle can break. You
may also be injured.
Patchwork (crazy quilt)
stitching
a place it over the lower piece.
Fold the edge of the top piece of fabric and
.
Sew the two pieces of fabric together so the
b pattern spans both pieces.
Sew along the edge of the fabric with the
d needle dropping off the edge at the right.
Piecing
Sewing together two pieces of fabric is called
“piecing”. The fabric pieces should be cut with a
6.5 mm (1/4 inch) seam allowance.
Sew a piecing straight stitch 6.5 mm (1/4 inch) from
either the right side or the left side of the presser foot.
a Appliqué fabric
b Needle drop point
62
Baste or pin along the seam allowance of the
a fabric that you wish to piece together.
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select stitch
or
.
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
Sew with the side of the presser foot aligned
d with the edge of the fabric.
Remove the presser foot and the presser foot
b holder.
■ For a seam allowance on the right side
Align the right side of the presser foot with the
edge of the fabric, and sew using stitch
• For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 34).
.
1
c onto the needle clamp screw, lower the
Hook the connecting fork of the walking foot
presser foot lever, and then use the presser
foot holder screw to attach the walking foot
to the presser bar.
a 6.5 mm (1/4 inch)
3
■ For a seam allowance on the left side
Align the left side of the presser foot with the
edge of the fabric, and sew using stitch
.
1
a Connecting fork
b Needle clamp screw
c Presser foot holder screw
CAUTION
a 6.5 mm (1/4 inch)
Memo
● To change the width of the seam allowance
(the needle position), adjust the stitch width.
For details, refer to “Changing the needle
position” (page 47).
● Use the disc-shaped screwdriver to tighten
the screw securely. If the screw is loose, the
needle may strike the presser foot and cause
injury.
● Be sure to turn the handwheel toward the
front of the machine to check that the needle
does not strike the presser foot. If the needle
strikes the presser foot, injury may result.
d
Quilting
Sandwiching batting between the top and bottom
layers of fabric is called “quilting”. Quilts can easily
be sewn using the optional walking foot and the
optional quilting guide.
Select stitch
,
or
.
Place one hand on each side of the presser
e foot, and then evenly guide the fabric while
sewing.
Note
● Only use the walking foot with straight or
zigzag stitches. Do not use other patterns.
Reverse stitches cannot be sewn with the
walking foot.
a
Baste the fabric to be quilted.
Note
● When sewing with the walking foot, sew at
a speed between slow and medium.
63
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
■ Using the optional quilting guide
Use the quilting guide to sew parallel stitches that
are equally spaced.
Free-motion quilting
With free-motion quilting, the feed dogs can be
lowered (using the feed dog position lever) so that
the fabric can be moved freely in any direction.
The optional quilting foot is needed for free-motion
quilting.
a the rear of the walking foot or presser foot
Insert the stem of the quilter into the hole at
holder.
† Walking foot
Remove the presser foot and the presser foot
a holder.
• For details, refer to “Removing the presser
foot holder” (page 34).
† Presser foot holder
Align the quilting foot with the lower-left side
b of the presser bar.
The pin on the quilting foot should be
positioned over the needle clamp screw.
b guide aligns with the seam that has already
Adjust the stem of the quilter so that the quilt
been sewn.
a Pin on quilting foot
b Presser foot holder screw
c Needle clamp screw
Hold the quilting foot in place with your right
c hand, and then tighten the presser foot holder
screw using the disc-shaped screwdriver in
your left hand.
a Presser foot holder screw
CAUTION
● Be sure to securely tighten the screws with
the disc-shaped screwdriver, otherwise the
needle may touch the presser foot, causing it
to bend or break.
64
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
Slide the feed dog position lever, located at the
(to
the right as seen from the front of the machine).
d rear of the machine on the base, to
3
a Feed dog position lever
(as seen from the rear of the machine)
X The feed dogs are lowered.
Turn on the sewing machine, and then select a
e stitch.
Use both hands to hold the fabric taut, then
f move the fabric to follow the pattern.
Reinforcement stitches are sewn at the
beginning and end of sewing.
a Pattern
g position lever to
After sewing is finished, slide the feed dog
(to the left as seen from
the front of the machine) and turn the
handwheel to raise the dogs.
• Normally, the feed dog position lever is
positioned at
.
65
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
REINFORCEMENT STITCHING
Manual
Auto
Manual
Walking Foot
Attaching sleeves, sewing inseams, sewing
stretch fabrics and decorative stitching
J
02
02
02
02
0.0
(0)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Bar tack
stitch
A
36
36
34
Reinforcing openings
30 and areas where the
seam easily comes loose
2.0
(1/16)
1.0-3.0
(1/16-1/8)
0.4
(1/64)
0.3-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Application
Triple
stretch stitch
*Rfc.: Reinforcement
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
Reinforce points that will be subject to strain, such as sleeve holes, inseams and pocket corners.
Rfc.
*
**
Auto
Rfc.
**Auto Rfc.: Automatic Reinforcement
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
a Set the button guide plate on buttonhole foot
Determine the desired length of the bar tack.
Triple stretch stitching
“A” to the desired length. (The distance
between the markings on the presser foot scale
is 5 mm (3/16 inch).)
Use triple stretch stitching to reinforce sleeve holes
and inseams.
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b
Select stitch
c
Start sewing.
1
.
2
• For details, refer to “Starting to sew”
(page 39).
a Presser foot scale
b Length of bar tack
c 5 mm (3/16 inch)
Bar tack stitching
Bar tacks are used to reinforce points subject to
strain, such as pocket corners and openings.
As an example, the procedure for sewing bar tacks at
pocket corners is described below.
66
3
• A bar tack with a maximum length of about
28 mm (1-1/8 inches) can be sewn.
b
Attach buttonhole foot “A”.
c
Select stitch
.
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
Position the fabric so that the opening of the
d pocket faces toward you, and then lower the
Pull down the buttonhole lever as far as
e possible.
presser foot lever so that the needle drops
2 mm (1/16 inch) in front of the pocket
opening.
a Buttonhole lever
1
The buttonhole lever is positioned behind the
bracket on the buttonhole foot.
a 2 mm (1/16 inch)
Pass the upper thread down through the hole
in the presser foot.
• When lowering the presser foot, do not push
in the front of the presser foot, otherwise the
bar tack will not be sewn with the correct
size.
3
a Buttonhole lever
b Bracket
Gently hold the end of the upper thread in
f your left hand, and then start sewing.
a Do not reduce the gap.
X Once sewing is completed, the
machine automatically sews
reinforcement stitches, then stops.
g remove the fabric, and cut the thread.
Raise the needle and the presser foot lever,
h position.
Raise the buttonhole lever to its original
Memo
● If the fabric does not feed, for example,
because it is too thick, increase the stitch
length. For details, refer to “Selecting
stitching” (page 37).
67
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
DECORATIVE STITCHING
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
17
17
17
Fagoting, smocking and
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
J
18
18
18
18
Fagoting, smocking and
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
J
14
14
14
Patchwork stitching and
14 decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.2
(1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
15
15
15
Patchwork stitching, decorative stitching and sewing
15 overcasting on both pieces
of fabrics, such as with tricot
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
16
16
16
stitching and
16 Patchwork
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.2
(1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Shell tuck
stitch
J
12
12
12
12 Shell tuck stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Satin scallop
stitch
N
13
13
13
13 Scallop stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.1-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
19
19
19
19 Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
2.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
J
20
20
20
20 Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
J
21
21
21
Decorative stitching
5.5
(7/32)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
N
22
22
22
stitching and
21 Decorative
elastic-attaching
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
1.0
(1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
N
23
23
23
Lace sewing, decorative
22 hemming, heirloom
stitching, etc.
3.5
(1/8)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.6-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
N
24
24
24
hemming,
23 Decorative
heirloom stitching, etc.
6.0
(15/64)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Presser Foot
17
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
J
Stitch Name
Pattern
Walking Foot
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Pattern No.
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine.
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Fagoting
stitch
Joining stitch
–
Decorative
stitch
*Rfc.: Reinforcement
68
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
25
25
25
N
26
26
26
N
27
27
27
N
28
28
28
Decorative
stitch
*Rfc.: Reinforcement
Manual
Auto
Manual
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
3.5
(1/8)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
4.0
(3/16)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.0
(1/16)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
**
Yes
(J)
No
Application
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
24
plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
– plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
–
plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
–
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Walking Foot
N
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
*
*
*
*
**Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
CAUTION
● Be sure to turn off the main power before replacing the presser foot. Otherwise, injuries may occur if
the foot controller or
(start/stop button) is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing.
e
Fagoting
Stitching across an open seam is called “fagoting”. It
is used on blouses and children's clothing. This stitch
is more decorative when thicker thread is used.
Set the stitch width to 7.0 mm (1/4 inch).
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 37).
Sew with the center of the presser foot
f aligned along the center of the two pieces of
fabric.
a along their seams.
Use an iron to fold the two pieces of fabric
b about 4.0 mm (3/16 inch), onto thin paper or
Baste the two pieces of fabric, separated by
a sheet of water-soluble stabilizer.
• If you draw a line down the middle of the
thin paper or water-soluble stabilizer,
sewing is easier.
3
1
2
a Thin paper or water soluble stabilizer
b Basting stitching
c 4 mm (3/16 inch)
c
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
d
Select stitch
or
g
After sewing is finished, remove the paper.
.
69
3
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
Sew parallel stitching at intervals of 10 mm
Scallop stitching
c (3/8 inch).
1
The wave-shaped repeating pattern that looks like
shells is called “scalloping”. It is used on the collars
of blouses and to decorate the edges of
handkerchiefs.
a
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
b
Select stitch
Stitch along the edge of the fabric, making
c sure not to sew directly on the edge of the
fabric.
• For better results, apply spray starch onto the
fabric and press with a hot iron before it is
sewn.
d
a 10 mm (3/8 inch)
.
Trim along the stitches.
• Do not sew reverse/reinforcement stitches or
cut the thread.
Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers.
d Smooth the gathers by ironing them.
e
Select stitch
f
Stitch between the straight stitches.
g
Pull out the threads for the straight stitches.
or
.
• Be careful not to cut the stitches.
Smocking
The decorative stitch created by stitching or
embroidering over gathers is called “smocking”. It is
used to decorate the front of blouses or cuffs.
The smocking stitch adds texture and elasticity to
fabric.
a
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
Select the straight stitch, and then adjust the
b stitch length to 4.0 mm (3/16 inch) and loosen
the thread tension.
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 37) and “Thread tension” (page 41).
70
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
Shell tuck stitching
Joining
The gathers that look like shells are called “shell
tucks”. They are used to decorate trims, the front of
blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics.
Decorative bridging stitches can be sewn over the
seam allowance of joined fabrics. This is used when
making a crazy quilt.
a
a
Fold the fabric along the bias.
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
b of fabric, and then open up the seam
Sew together the right sides of the two pieces
allowances.
2
3
1
b
Attach zigzag foot “J”.
c
Select stitch
tension.
1
, and then increase the thread
3
a Wrong side of fabric
b 6.5 mm (1/4 inch) seam allowance
c Straight stitch
• For details, refer to “Selecting stitching”
(page 37).
d slightly off the edge of the fabric.
Sew while making sure that the needle drops
c
Select stitch
,
or
.
Turn the fabric over so that the right side
d faces up, and then sew over the seam with the
1
center of the presser foot aligned with the
seam.
a Right side of fabric
a Needle drop point
Unfold the fabric, and then iron the tucks
e down to one side.
71
UTILITY STITCHES —————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
—
Heirloom stitching
When sewing with the wing needle, the needle holes
are enlarged, creating a lace-like decorative stitch.
This is used to decorate hems and tablecloths on thin
or medium weight fabrics in addition to plain weave
fabrics.
CAUTION
● The needle threader cannot be used with the
wing needle, otherwise the sewing machine
may be damaged. Manually pass the thread
through the eye of the needle from the front
to the back. For details, refer to “Upper
threading” (page 22).
a
Insert the wing needle.
• Use a 130/705H 100/16 wing needle.
• For details on inserting a needle, refer to
“Replacing the needle” (page 29).
b
Attach monogramming foot “N”.
c
Select stitch
,
,
,
,
or
.
CAUTION
● Select a stitch width of 6.0 mm (15/64 inch)
or less, otherwise the needle may bend or
break.
● After adjusting the stitch width, slowly turn
the handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) and check that the needle
does not touch the presser foot. If the needle
hits the presser foot, the needle may bend or
break.
d
72
Start sewing.
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
4 APPENDIX
STITCH SETTINGS
Applications, stitch lengths and widths and whether the twin needle can be used are listed for utility stitches in
the following table.
CAUTION
● When using the twin needle, select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less, otherwise the needle
may break or the machine may be damaged.
● When using the twin needle, be sure to attach zigzag foot “J”, otherwise the needle may break or the
machine may be damaged.
Utility stitches
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
00
00
00
Basic stitching, sewing
00 gathers or pintucks, etc.
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
***
Yes
Rev.
Center
J
01
01
01
Attaching zippers, basic
01 stitching, and sewing
gathers or pintucks, etc.
–
–
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
Yes
(J)
***
Yes
Rev.
Triple
stretch stitch
J
02
02
02
Attaching sleeves, sew02 ing inseams, sewing
stretch fabrics and decorative stitching
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.5–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Stretch stitch
J
03
03
03
stretch fabrics
03 Sewing
and decorative stitching
1.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16–1/8)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Yes
(J)
No
Zigzag stitch
J
04
04
04
and attach04 Overcasting
ing appliqués
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
***
Yes
3-point
zigzag stitch
J
05
05
05
Overcasting on medium
or stretch fabrics,
05 weight
attaching elastic, darning, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
1.5–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
G
06
06
06
on thin or
06 Overcasting
medium weight fabrics
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
G
07
07
07
Overcasting on thick fab07 rics
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
J
08
08
08
08 Overcasting on stretch
fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.5–4.0
(1/32–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
Straight
Overcasting
stitch
Presser Foot
J
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Left
Stitch Name
Pattern
Walking Foot
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Pattern No.
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
*
**
**
Rev.
Rfc.
*
*
**
**
**
**
*Rev.: Reverse
**Rfc.: Reinforcement
***Do not use reverse stitching.
****Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
73
4
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
09
09
09
Blind hem stitching on
medium weight fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No
No
R
10
10
10
Blind hem stitching on
10 stretch fabrics
0
(0)
–3 – 3
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.5
(1/16–1/8)
No
No
Appliqué
stitch
J
11
11
11
11 Appliqué stitching
3.5
(1/8)
2.5–5.0
(3/32–3/16)
2.5
(3/32)
1.6–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
Yes
(J)
No
Shell tuck
stitch
J
12
12
12
12 Shell tuck stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
Satin scallop
stitch
N
13
13
13
13 Scallop stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.1-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
Rfc.
J
14
14
14
Patchwork stitching and
14 decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
5.0
(3/16)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
Presser Foot
09
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
R
Stitch Name
Pattern
Walking Foot
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Pattern No.
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
APPENDIX ————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————
———————
—
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Rfc.
**
Blind hem
stitch
Joining stitch
J
15
15
15
Patchwork stitching, decorative stitching and sew15 ing overcasting on both
pieces of fabrics, such as
with tricot
J
16
16
16
stitching and
16 Patchwork
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.2
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
J
17
17
17
smocking and
17 Fagoting,
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
J
18
18
18
smocking and
18 Fagoting,
decorative stitching
5.0
(3/16)
2.5-7.0
(3/32-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
J
19
19
19
19 Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
2.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
J
20
20
20
20 Decorative stitching
4.0
(3/16)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
J
21
21
21
Decorative stitching
5.5
(7/32)
0.0-7.0
(0-1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
1.0-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
N
22
22
22
stitching and
21 Decorative
elastic-attaching
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
1.0
(1/16)
0.2-4.0
(1/64-3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
N
23
23
23
Lace sewing, decorative
22 hemming, heirloom
stitching, etc.
3.5
(1/8)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.6-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
N
24
24
24
hemming,
23 Decorative
heirloom stitching, etc.
6.0
(15/64)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
3.0
(1/8)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
N
25
25
25
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
3.5
(1/8)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
No
No
Fagoting
stitch
Decorative
stitch
–
–
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
*Rev.: Reverse
**Rfc.: Reinforcement
***Do not use reverse stitching.
****Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
74
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
Manual
Auto
Manual
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
4.0
(3/16)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
5.0
(3/16)
1.5-7.0
(1/16-1/4)
2.0
(1/16)
1.5-4.0
(1/16-3/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
Application
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
Decorative hemming on
thin, medium weight and
plain weave fabrics, heirloom stitching, etc.
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Auto
Walking Foot
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Presser Foot
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
**
N
26
26
26
24
N
27
27
27
–
N
28
28
28
–
A
29
29
29
Horizontal buttonholes
25 on thin and medium
weight fabrics
5.0
(3/16)
3.0-5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
(1/32)
0.2-1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
*****
Auto
Rfc.
A
30
30
30
Secured buttonholes for
26 fabrics that have backings
5.0
(3/16)
3.0–5.0
(1/8-3/16)
0.5
(1/32)
0.2–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
*****
Auto
Rfc.
A
31
31
31
Buttonholes for stretch or
6.0
3.0–6.0
27 knit fabrics
(15/64) (1/8-15/64)
1.0
(1/16)
0.5–2.0
(1/32-1/16)
No
No
*****
Auto
Rfc.
A
32
32
32
28 Buttonholes for stretch
fabrics
1.5
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
No
No
*****
Auto
Rfc.
A
33
33
33
29 Keyhole buttonholes for
thick or furry fabrics
A
34
34
–
–
A
35
35
–
–
A
36
36
34
J
37
37
-
-
J
38
38
-
-
Hand-look
quilting
J
39
39
35
Zigzag stitch
(for quilting)
J
40
40
-
-
J
41
41
-
J
42
42
-
Decorative
stitch
Buttonhole
stitch
Bar tack
stitch
6.0
3.0–6.0
(15/64) (1/8-15/64)
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
**
**
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
*****
Auto
Rfc.
Keyhole buttonholes for
medium weight and thick
fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
*****
Auto
Rfc.
Keyhole buttonholes for
thick or furry fabrics
7.0
(1/4)
3.0–7.0
(1/8-1/4)
0.5
(1/32)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
*****
Auto
Rfc.
Reinforcing openings
30 and areas where the
seam easily comes loose
2.0
(1/16)
1.0–3.0
(1/16-1/8)
0.4
(1/64)
0.3–1.0
(1/64-1/16)
No
No
*****
Auto
Rfc.
5.5
(7/32)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
Yes
Rfc.
1.5
(1/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
0.2–5.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
Yes
0.0
(0)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Appliqué quilting, freemotion quilting, satin
stitching, button sewing
3.5
(1/8)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.0–4.0
(0–3/16)
No
Yes
-
Attaching appliqués and
binding
1.5
(1/16)
0.5–5.0
(1/32–3/16)
1.2
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
-
Attaching appliqués and
binding
1.5
(1/16)
0.5–5.0
(1/32–3/16)
1.2
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Piecing
straight
stitch
Piecing straight stitching
(with a seam allowance
of 6.5mm from the right
edge of the presser foot)
Piecing straight stitching
(with a seam allowance
of 6.5mm from the left
edge of the presser foot)
31 Straight stitch quilting
that looks hand-sewn
Appliqué
stitch
(for quilting)
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
**
**
**
**
**
**
*Rev.: Reverse
**Rfc.: Reinforcement
***Do not use reverse stitching.
****Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less. *****Auto Rfc.: Automatic Reinforcement
75
4
Decorative
stitch
Manual
Auto
Manual
7.0
(1/4)
1.0–7.0
(1/16–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
1.0–4.0
(1/16–3/16)
No
No
Application
Quilting background
stitching (stippling)
J
43
43
-
N
44
44
36
32 For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
45
45
37
33 For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
46
46
38
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
47
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
48
47
39
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
49
48
40
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
50
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
51
49
41
34 For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
52
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
53
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
5.0
(3/16)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.0
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
54
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
55
50
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
56
51
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
*Rev.: Reverse
**Rfc.: Reinforcement
***Do not use reverse stitching.
****Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
76
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Presser Foot
Auto
Walking Foot
-
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Twin Needle
Quilting
stippling
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
APPENDIX ————————————
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—
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—
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—
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—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
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———————
—
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
Walking Foot
N
57
52
42
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
(1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
N
58
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
(1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
N
59
53
43
35 For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
(1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
N
60
54
44
36 For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
(1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
N
61
55
45
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
(1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
N
62
56
46
37 For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
(1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
N
63
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
(1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
N
64
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
2.5–7.0
(3/32–1/4)
0.4
(1/64)
0.1–1.0
(1/64–1/16)
****
Yes
(J)
No
N
65
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
7.0
(1/4)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.6
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
66
-
-
-
For decoration, etc.
6.0
(15/64)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
N
67
57
47
38 For decoration, etc.
6.0
(15/64)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
2.5
(3/32)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
68
58
48
For decoration, etc.
6.0
(15/64)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Rfc.
N
69
59
49
39 For decoration, etc.
6.0
(15/64)
0.0–7.0
(0–1/4)
1.4
(1/16)
0.2–4.0
(1/64–3/16)
No
No
Presser Foot
Twin Needle
Stitch Length
[mm (inch.)]
Application
Auto
Manual
Auto
Manual
Satin
stitches
Crossstitches
Reverse/
Reinforcement
Stitching
Stitch Width
[mm (inch.)]
Pattern No.
70 stitches
model
60 stitches
model
50 stitches
model
40 stitches
model
Stitch Name
Pattern
—————
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
———————————————————
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
—
—
——
—
——
—
——
——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
-
-
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
Rfc.
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
*Rev.: Reverse
**Rfc.: Reinforcement
***Do not use reverse stitching.
****Select a stitch width of 5.0 mm (3/16 inch) or less.
77
4
APPENDIX ————————————
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—
MAINTENANCE
Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below.
Restrictions on oiling
In order to prevent damaging this machine, it must
not be oiled by the user.
This machine was manufactured with the necessary
amount of oil applied to ensure correct operation,
making periodic oiling unnecessary.
If problems occur, such as difficulty turning the
handwheel or an unusual noise, immediately stop
using the machine, and contact you authorized
Brother dealer or the nearest Brother authorized
service center.
Cleaning the machine
surface
If the surface of the machine is dirty, lightly soak a
cloth in neutral detergent, squeeze it out firmly, and
then wipe the surface of the machine. After cleaning
it once with a wet cloth, wipe it again with a dry
cloth.
Cleaning the bobbin case
Sewing performance will suffer if dust collects in the
bobbin case; therefore, it should be cleaned
periodically.
a
Switch the machine off and unplug it.
CAUTION
● Make sure you unplug the machine before
you clean it. Otherwise, you may get an
electric shock or be injured.
b
Raise the needle and the presser foot.
Loosen the presser-foot screw and the needle
c clamp screw to remove the presser-foot
holder and the needle.
CAUTION
● Unplug the power supply cord before
cleaning the machine, otherwise injuries or an
electric shock may occur.
d you to remove the needle plate cover.
Slide the needle plate cover release toward
a Needle plate cover
b Needle plate cover release
78
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—
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—
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—
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Remove the bobbin case.
e Grasp the bobbin case, and then pull it out.
Insert the bobbin case so that the U mark on
g the bobbin case aligns with the { mark on the
race.
a Bobbin case
f remove any dust from the race and its
Use the cleaning brush or a vacuum cleaner to
surrounding area.
4
• Align the U and { marks.
a Cleaning brush
b Race
• Do not put oil on the bobbin case.
a U mark
b { mark
c Bobbin case
• Make sure that the indicated points are
aligned before installing the bobbin case.
CAUTION
● Never use a bobbin case that is scratched,
otherwise the upper thread may become
tangled, the needle may break or sewing
performance may suffer. For a new bobbin
case (part code: XE7560-001), contact your
nearest authorized service center.
● Make sure that you fit the bobbin case
properly, otherwise the needle may break.
79
APPENDIX ————————————
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—
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—
As shown, insert the tab on the needle plate
h cover into the hole in the needle plate, and
From the front, slide the needle plate cover
i back into position.
then correctly position of the needle plate
cover.
a Needle plate cover
CAUTION
● If the needle plate cover is not flush with the
surface of the machine as shown below,
remove the needle plate cover (step d), and
then install it again (steps h and i). Sewing
while the needle plate cover is not flush with
the surface of the machine may cause the
needle plate cover to come off of the
machine, resulting in injuries if your fingers
touch the race.
a Needle plate cover
b Tab
c Hole
• Check that the needle plate cover is flush
with the top surface of the machine.
80
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TROUBLESHOOTING
If the machine stops operating correctly, check the following possible problems before requesting service.
You can solve most problems by yourself. If you need additional help, the Brother Solutions Center offers the
latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. Visit us at [ http://support.brother.com/ ].
If the problem persists, contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center.
Frequent troubleshooting topics
Detailed causes and remedies for common troubleshooting topics are described below. Be sure to refer to this
before contacting us.
■ Upper thread tightened up
page 81
■ Tangled thread on wrong side of fabric
page 82
■ Incorrect thread tension (Upper/lower side of fabric)
page 85
■ Fabric is caught in the machine and cannot be removed
page 86
Upper thread tightened up
■ Symptom
• The upper thread appears as a single
continuous line.
• The lower thread is visible from the upper
side of the fabric. (Refer to the illustration
below.)
• The upper thread has tightened up, and
comes out when pulled.
• The upper thread has tightened up, and
wrinkles appear in the fabric.
• The upper thread tension is tight, and the
results do not change even after the thread
tension is adjusted.
a
b
c
d
e
Lower side of fabric
Lower thread visible from upper side of fabric
Upper thread
Upper side of fabric
Lower thread
4
■ Remedy/check details
Correctly install the lower thread.
a
Remove the bobbin from the bobbin case.
b the thread unwinds in the correct direction.
Place the bobbin in the bobbin case so that
• Hold the bobbin with your right hand with
the thread unwinding to the left, and hold
the end of the thread with your left hand.
Then, with your right hand, place the bobbin
in the bobbin case.
If the bobbin is inserted with the thread
unwinding in the wrong direction, sewing will be
done with an incorrect thread tension.
■ Cause
Incorrect lower threading
If the lower thread is incorrectly threaded, instead
of the appropriate tension being applied to the
lower thread, it is pulled through the fabric when
the upper thread is pulled up. For this reason, the
thread is visible from the upper side of the fabric.
81
APPENDIX ————————————
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—
While holding the bobbin in place with your
c finger, pass the thread through the slit in the
needle plate.
• Hold down the bobbin with your right hand,
and then pull the end of the thread around
the tab with your left hand.
Tangled thread on wrong
side of fabric
■ Symptom
• The thread becomes tangled on the lower
side of the fabric.
a Tab
b Hold down the bobbin with your right hand.
• After starting sewing, a rattling noise is made
and sewing cannot continue.
• Looking under the fabric, there is tangled
thread in the bobbin case.
On models equipped with the quick-set bobbin,
pull the thread to pass it through the slit in the
needle plate, then cut it with the cutter.
■ Cause
Incorrect upper threading
If the upper thread is incorrectly threaded, the
upper thread passed through the fabric cannot be
firmly pulled up and the upper thread becomes
tangled in the bobbin case, causing a rattling
noise.
c Slit
d Cutter
Sewing with the correct thread tension is possible
after the bobbin has been correctly installed in the
bobbin case.
■ Remedy/check details
Remove the tangled thread, and then correct the
upper threading.
Remove the tangled thread. If it cannot be
a removed, cut the thread with scissors.
• For details, refer to “Cleaning the bobbin
case” on page 78.
b
Remove the upper thread from the machine.
Refer to the following steps to correct the
c upper threading.
• If the bobbin was removed from the bobbin
case, refer to “Lower threading” (page 19)
and “Remedy/check details” in the section
“Upper thread tightened up” (page 81) to
correctly install the bobbin.
82
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—
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—
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—
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—
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——————————————————————————————————————
————————————————
Raise the presser foot using the presser foot
d lever.
Pass the thread under the thread guide cover
g from the back to the front.
Hold the thread with your right hand so that
there is no slack in the thread that is pulled out,
and then pass the thread under the thread
guide cover with your left hand.
a Presser foot lever
• If the presser foot is not raised, the sewing
machine cannot be threaded correctly.
e toward you (counterclockwise) so that the
Raise the needle by turning the handwheel
mark on the wheel points up, or press
(needle position button) (for models
equipped with the needle position button)
once or twice to raise the needle.
a Thread guide cover
h illustration below.
Feed the upper thread as shown in the
4
or
a Mark
b Needle position button
Pull some thread off the spool, and then pass
f the thread under the thread guide.
a Thread guide
83
APPENDIX ————————————
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Make sure you guide the thread through the
i thread take-up lever from right to left as
shown in the illustration below.
Sewing is possible only if the thread is securely
hooked on the thread take-up lever.
a Thread take-up lever
• Make sure that the thread is securely hooked
on the thread take-up lever.
j guide above the needle.
Put the thread behind the needle bar thread
The thread can easily be passed behind the
needle bar thread guide by holding the thread
in your left hand, then feeding the thread with
your right hand.
a Needle bar thread guide
k
84
Thread the needle according to steps m and
n in “Upper threading” (page 25) or steps b
through i in “Using the needle threader (for
models equipped with the needle threader)”
(page 25).
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Incorrect thread tension
■ Symptoms
• Symptom 1: The lower thread is visible from the upper side of the fabric.
• Symptom 2: The upper thread appears as a straight line on the upper side of the fabric.
• Symptom 3: The upper thread is visible from the lower side of the fabric.
• Symptom 4: The lower thread appears as a straight line on the lower side of the fabric.
• Symptom 5: The stitching on the lower side of the fabric is loose or has slack.
† Symptom 1
† Symptom 3
a Lower side of fabric
b Lower thread visible from
upper side of fabric
c Upper thread
d Upper side of fabric
e Lower thread
f Upper thread visible from
lower side of fabric
■ Cause/remedy/check details
† Cause 1
The machine is not correctly threaded.
<With symptoms 1 and 2 described above>
The lower threading is incorrect.
Return the upper tension-control dial to “4”,
and then refer to “Upper thread tightened up”
(page 81) to correct the threading.
<With symptoms 3 through 5 described
above>
The upper threading is incorrect.
Return the upper tension-control dial to “4”,
and then refer to “Tangled thread on wrong
side of fabric” (page 82) to correct the upper
threading.
† Cause 2
A needle and thread appropriate for the
fabric are not being used.
The sewing machine needle that should be
used depends on the type of fabric sewn and
the thread thickness.
If a needle and thread appropriate for the
fabric are not being used, the thread tension
will not be adjusted correctly, causing
wrinkles in the fabric or skipped stitches.
• Refer to “Needle types and their uses”
(page 28) to check that a needle and thread
appropriate for the fabric are being used.
† Cause 3
An appropriate setting on the upper tension-control dial is not selected.
Turn the upper tension-control dial to select an appropriate thread tension.
The appropriate thread tension differs according to the type of fabric and thread being used.
* Adjust the thread tension while test sewing on a piece of scrap fabric that is the same as that used in
your project.
Note
● If the upper threading and lower threading are incorrect, the thread tension cannot be adjusted
correctly, even by turning the upper tension-control dial. Check the upper threading and lower
threading first, and then adjust the thread tension.
• When the lower thread is visible from the
upper side of the fabric. Turn the upper
tension-control dial to a lower number
(toward the left). (Loosen the thread tension.)
5
4
• When the upper thread is visible from the
lower side of the fabric. Turn the upper
tension-control dial to a higher number
(toward the right). (Tighten the thread
tension.)
3
5
4
3
85
4
APPENDIX ————————————
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Fabric is caught in the
machine and cannot be
removed
If the fabric is caught in the sewing machine and
cannot be removed, the thread may have become
tangled under the needle plate. Follow the procedure
described below to remove the fabric from the
machine. If the operation could not be completed
according to the procedure, instead of attempting to
complete it forcefully, contact your nearest
authorized service center.
■ Removing the fabric from the machine
a
Immediately stop the sewing machine.
b
Turn off the sewing machine.
Cut out the tangled threads, and then remove
g the bobbin.
Remove the bobbin case.
h If threads remain in the bobbin case, remove
them.
Remove the needle.
c If the needle is lowered into the fabric, turn the
handwheel away from you (clockwise) to raise
the needle out of the fabric, and then remove
the needle.
• Refer to “Replacing the needle” (page 29).
Remove the presser foot and presser foot
d holder.
• Refer to “Replacing the presser foot”
(page 33) and “Removing the presser foot
holder” (page 34).
a Bobbin case
i remove any dust from the race and its
Use the cleaning brush or a vacuum cleaner to
surrounding area.
Lift up the fabric and cut the threads below it.
e If the fabric can be removed, remove it.
Continue with the following steps to clean the
bobbin case.
f
Remove the needle plate cover.
a Cleaning brush
b Race
a Needle plate cover release
b Needle plate cover (front part)
86
If the fabric could be removed
Continue with
step p.
If the fabric could not be removed
Continue with
step j.
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Use the enclosed disc-shaped screwdriver to
j loosen the two screws on the needle plate.
Lightly finger-tighten the screw on the right
o side of the needle plate. Then, use the disc-
shaped screwdriver to firmly tighten the
screw on the left side. Finally, firmly tighten
the screw on the right side.
Note
● Be careful not to drop the removed screws
in the machine.
Turn the handwheel to check that the feed
dogs move smoothly and do not contact the
edges of the slots in the needle plate.
Slightly lift up the needle plate, cut any
k tangled threads, and then remove the needle
plate.
Remove the fabric and threads from the needle
plate.
4
a Correct position of feed dogs
b Incorrect position of feed dogs
If the fabric cannot be removed, even after
completing these steps, contact your nearest
authorized service center.
Note
● Be careful not to drop the removed screws
in the machine.
l around the feed dogs.
Remove any threads in the bobbin case and
m
Turn the handwheel to raise the feed dogs.
Align the two screw holes in the needle plate
n with the two holes at the needle plate
mounting base, and then fit the needle plate
onto the machine.
87
APPENDIX ————————————
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Insert the bobbin case so that the U mark on
p the bobbin case aligns with the { mark on the
race.
Check the condition of the needle, and then
r install it.
If the needle is in a poor condition, for
example, if it is bent, be sure to install a new
needle.
• Refer to “Checking the needle” (page 29)
and “Replacing the needle” (page 29).
CAUTION
● Never use bent needles. Bent needles can
easily break, possibly resulting in injuries.
Note
● After completing this procedure, continue
with the following procedure in “Checking
machine operations” to check that the
machine is operating correctly.
Memo
• Align the U and { marks.
a U mark
b { mark
c Bobbin case
• Make sure that the indicated points are
aligned before installing the bobbin case.
CAUTION
● Never use a bobbin case that is scratched,
otherwise the upper thread may become
tangled, the needle may break or sewing
performance may suffer. For a new bobbin
case (part code: XE7560-001), contact your
nearest authorized service center.
● Make sure that you fit the bobbin case
properly, otherwise the needle may break.
Attach the needle plate cover according to
q steps h and i in “Cleaning the bobbin case”
(page 80).
88
● Since the needle may have been damaged
when the fabric was caught in the machine,
we recommend replacing it with a new one.
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■ Checking machine operations
If the needle plate has been removed, check
machine operations to confirm that installation
has been completed correctly.
f bobbin and presser foot.
a
Turn on the machine.
g • For details on threading the machine, refer to
b
Select
Turn off the machine, and then install the
• Refer to “Lower threading” (page 19) and
“Replacing the presser foot” (page 33).
Correctly thread the machine.
“Upper threading” (page 22).
(middle needle position stitch).
Note
● The thread may have become tangled as a
result of incorrect upper threading. Make
sure that the machine is correctly threaded.
Note
● Do not yet install the presser foot and
thread.
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you
c (counterclockwise), and look from all sides to
check that the needle falls at the center of the
hole in the needle plate.
If the needle contacts the needle plate, remove
the needle plate, and then install it again,
starting with step m in “Removing the fabric
from the machine” (page 87).
h
Perform trial sewing with normal fabric.
Note
● Incorrect sewing may be the result of
incorrect upper threading or sewing thin
fabrics. If there are poor results from the trial
sewing, check the upper threading or the
type of fabric being used.
a Hole in the needle plate
b Handwheel
d
Select zigzag stitch
. At this time, increase
the stitch length and width to their maximum
settings.
• For details on changing the settings, refer to
“Adjusting the stitch length and width”
(page 38).
Slowly turn the handwheel toward you
e (counterclockwise) and check that the needle
bar and feed dogs operate correctly.
If the needle or feed dogs contact the needle
plate, the machine may be malfunctioning;
therefore, contact your nearest authorized
service center.
89
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List of symptoms
■ Before sewing
Symptom
The needle
threader can not
be used. (For
models equipped
with the needle
threader lever.)
The sewing light
does not come
on.
Bobbin thread
does not wind
neatly on the
bobbin.
The thread does
not pass through
the eye of the
needle. (For
models equipped
with the needle
threader lever.)
Possible cause
How to put it right
Reference
You have not moved the needle
holder to its highest position.
Raise the needle either by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark
on the wheel points up or by pressing
(needle position button) once or
twice.
page 22
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 29
The sewing lamp is damaged.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
The machine is not turned on.
Turn on the machine.
page 12
The thread is not passed through the
bobbin-winding thread guide
correctly.
Correctly pass the thread through the
bobbin-winding thread guide.
page 16
Bobbin spins slowly. (for models
equipped with the sewing speed
controller.)
Move the sewing speed controller to
the right (so that the speed will be
fast).
page 18
The thread that was pulled out was
Wind the thread that was pulled off
not wound onto the bobbin correctly.
round the bobbin five or six times
(For models equipped with the fast
clockwise.
bobbin winding system.)
page 17
You have not moved the needle
holder to its highest position.
Raise the needle either by turning the
handwheel toward you
(counterclockwise) so that the mark
on the wheel points up or by pressing
(needle position button) once or
twice.
page 22
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 29
The needle
threader lever
does not lower to
the correct
position. (For
models equipped
with the needle
threader lever.)
The needle has not been raised to the
Press the needle position button.
correct position.
While winding
the bobbin, the
bobbin thread
was wound
below the bobbin
winder seat.
You have not wound the bobbin
thread properly.
90
–
After removing the thread wound
below the bobbin winder seat, wind
the bobbin correctly.
page 22
page 14
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■ While sewing
Symptom
Possible cause
The machine is not plugged in.
How to put it right
Plug the machine in.
The main power switch is turned off. Turn on the main power switch.
The sewing
machine does
not work.
Fabric being
sewn with the
machine cannot
be removed.
The needle
breaks.
Reference
page 12
page 12
The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to
the right.
Move the bobbin winder shaft to the
left.
You have not used the foot
controller properly.
Use the foot controller properly.
page 13
The foot controller or the start/stop
button was not pressed (for models
equipped with the start/stop button).
Press the foot controller or the start/
stop button.
page 39
The presser foot lever is raised.
Lower the presser foot lever.
page 39
The start/stop button was pressed,
even though the foot controller is
connected. (for models equipped
with the start/stop button)
Do not use the start/stop button
when the foot controller is
connected. To use the start/stop
button, disconnect the foot
controller.
page 39
Thread is tangled below the needle
plate.
Lift up the fabric and cut the threads
below it, and clean the bobbin case.
page 86
The spool or spool cap is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the spool or spool
cap.
page 23
The upper thread was not threaded
correctly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 22
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 29
The needle clamp screw is loose.
Use the disc-shaped screwdriver to
firmly tighten the screw.
page 30
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
page 29
You have not used the right
combination of fabric, thread and
needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
page 28
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
page 73
The upper thread tension is too tight. Loosen the upper thread tension.
page 17, 18
4
page 41
You are pulling the fabric too much.
Lightly guide the fabric.
–
The area around the hole in the
needle plate is scratched.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The area around the hole in the
presser foot is scratched.
Replace the presser foot.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
The bobbin case is scratched.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
You have not used a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
page 14
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Symptom
Possible cause
How to put it right
Reference
The upper thread was not threaded
correctly (for example, the spool is
not installed correctly, the spool cap
is too big for the spool being used, or
the thread has come out of the
needle bar thread guide.)
Correct the upper threading. Use the
spool cap that best fits the size of the
spool being used.
page 22
There are knots or tangles in the
thread.
Remove any knots or tangles.
The needle is not appropriate for the
thread you are using.
Choose a needle that is appropriate
for the type of stitch.
The upper thread tension is too tight. Loosen the upper thread tension.
The upper
thread breaks.
The lower
thread is tangled
or breaks.
The fabric is
wrinkled.
92
–
page 28
page 41
The thread is tangled, for example,
in the bobbin case.
Remove the tangle thread. If the
thread is tangled in the bobbin case,
clean the bobbin case.
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
page 29
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
page 29
The area around the hole in the
needle plate is scratched.
Replace the needle plate.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorised service center.
–
The area around the hole in the
presser foot is scratched.
Replace the presser foot.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorised service center.
–
The bobbin case is scratched, or has
a burr on it.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorised service center.
–
You have not used a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
page 14
You have not wound the bobbin
thread properly.
Wind the bobbin thread properly.
page 14
The bobbin is scratched or does not
turn smoothly.
Replace the bobbin.
The thread is tangled.
Remove the tangled thread and
clean the bobbin case.
You have not used a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
Bobbin is set incorrectly.
Reset the bobbin thread correctly.
page 19, 20
You have not threaded the upper thread
properly or fitted the bobbin properly.
Thread the upper thread and wind
the bobbin thread properly.
page 19, 20, 22
The spool or spool cap is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the spool or spool
cap.
page 23
You have not used the right
combination of fabric, thread and
needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
page 28
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
page 29
If thin fabrics are being sewn, the
stitch is too long or the fabric is not
being fed correctly.
Sew with the stabilizer material
under the fabric.
page 44
If thin fabrics are being sewn, the
stitch is too coarse.
Shorten the stitch length, or sew with
stabilizer material under the fabric.
page 78, 82
–
page 78, 82
page 14
page 38, 44
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Symptom
The fabric is
wrinkled.
Stitches are
skipped.
There is a highpitched noise
while sewing.
The fabric does
not feed.
The fabric feeds
in the opposite
direction.
Possible cause
How to put it right
Reference
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
page 73
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper thread.
page 41, 85
You have not threaded the upper
thread properly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 22
You have not used the right
combination of fabric, thread and
needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
page 28
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
The needle is incorrectly installed.
Correctly install the needle.
Dust has accumulated under the
needle plate or in the bobbin case.
Remove the needle plate cover and
clean the plate and the bobbin case.
page 78
Dust has built up in the feed dogs or
in the bobbin case.
Remove the needle plate cover and
clean the plate and the bobbin case.
page 78
You have not threaded the upper
thread properly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 22
The bobbin case is scratched.
Replace the bobbin case.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
You have not used bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
page 14
The feed dogs are lowered.
Slide the feed dog position lever to
The stitch is too fine.
Lengthen the stitch length.
page 38
You have not used the right
combination of fabric, thread and
needle.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
page 28
The thread is tangled, for example,
in the bobbin case.
Remove the tangle thread. If the
thread is tangled in the bobbin case,
clean the bobbin case.
page 78, 82
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
page 73
The needle is bent or blunt.
Replace the needle.
page 29
Zigzag foot “J” is slanted on a thick
seam at the beginning of stitching.
Use the presser foot locking pin
(black button on the left side) on
zigzag foot “J” to keep the presser
foot level while sewing.
page 43
The feed mechanism is damaged.
Contact your retailer or the nearest
authorized service center.
–
page 29
4
. page 55, 65
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■ After sewing
Symptom
The upper
thread has
tightened up.
The thread
tension is
incorrect.
The thread is
tangled on the
wrong side of
the fabric.
The stitch is not
sewn correctly.
94
Possible cause
How to put it right
Reference
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the bobbin thread.
You have not threaded the upper
thread properly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 22
You have not wound the bobbin
thread properly.
Wind the bobbin thread properly.
page 14
The bobbin thread is incorrectly
installed.
Correctly install the bobbin thread.
page 19
You have not threaded the right
combination of thread and needle
for the fabric you are using.
Choose a thread and needle that are
appropriate for the type of fabric.
page 28
You have not attached the presserfoot holder properly.
Attach the presser-foot holder
properly.
page 34
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper
thread.
page 41, 85
You have not used a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
Incorrect bobbins will not work
properly. Only use a bobbin that has
been designed for this machine.
Bobbin is set incorrectly.
Reset the bobbin thread correctly.
page 19, 20
You have not threaded the upper
thread properly.
Correct the upper threading.
page 22, 82
The presser foot you are using is not
appropriate for the type of stitch that
you want to sew.
Attach the presser foot that is correct
for the type of stitch that you want to
sew.
The thread tension is incorrect.
Adjust the tension of the upper
thread.
page 41, 85
The thread is tangled, for example,
in the bobbin case.
Remove the tangle thread. If the
thread is tangled in the bobbin case,
clean the bobbin case.
page 78, 82
page 19, 81
page 14
page 73
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ERROR MESSAGES
If an operation is performed incorrectly before the sewing machine is set up, an error message appears on the
operation panel. Follow the instructions indicated in the table.
If you press the stitch selection key or do the operation correctly while the error message is displayed, the
message disappears.
Error Message
Probable Cause
Solution
The foot controller was pressed (or the start/
stop button was pressed if the foot controller
is not connected) and the reverse/
reinforcement stitch button was pressed while
the presser foot is raised.
Lower the presser foot lever before
continuing the operation.
A stitch other than the buttonhole or bar tack
stitch was selected and the foot controller
was pressed (or the start/stop button was
pressed if the foot controller is not connected)
while the buttonhole lever is lowered.
Raise the buttonhole lever before
continuing the operation.
The buttonhole or bar tack stitch was selected
and the foot controller was pressed (or the
start/stop button was pressed if the foot
controller is not connected) while the
buttonhole lever is raised.
Lower the buttonhole lever before
continuing the operation.
The reverse/reinforcement stitch button or
needle position button was pressed while the
bobbin winder shaft is moved to the right.
Move the bobbin winder shaft to the
left before continuing the operation.
The start/stop button was pressed while the
foot controller was connected.
Disconnect the foot controller, and
then press the start/stop button.
Otherwise, operate the machine by
using the foot controller.
The motor locked up because the thread is
tangled.
Clean the bobbin case to remove the
tangled thread (p.82). After cleaning the
bobbin case, insert the bobbin case
properly. If the needle is bent or
broken, replace the needle. Then,
thread the upper thread properly, and
continue the operation.
4
Note
● If error message “F1” through “F9” appears in the LCD while the sewing machine is being used, the
machine may be malfunctioning. Contact your nearest authorized service center.
Operation beep (for models equipped with the operation beep)
Each time a key is pressed you will hear one beep. If a non-functioning key is pressed or an incorrect operation
is performed you will hear two or four beeps (only for models equipped with the operation beep).
■ If a key is pressed (correct operation)
One beep sounds.
■ If an incorrect operation is performed or a non-functioning key is pressed
Two or four beeps sound.
■ If the machine locks up, for example, because the thread is tangled
The sewing machine beeps for four seconds and the machine automatically stops. Be sure to check for the
cause of the error, and correct it before continuing to sew.
95
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i
INDEX
Numerics
3-point zigzag stitch ................................................45, 59
A
accessories .......................................................................6
appliqués .......................................................................61
B
bar tack ..........................................................................66
basic stitching ................................................................47
blind hem stitching.........................................................48
bobbin ...........................................................................19
bobbin case.............................................................20 , 78
bobbin cover...................................................... 9, 19, 20
bobbin winder............................... 8, 14, 17, 90, 91, 95
button sewing.................................................................55
buttonhole foot........................................................52, 66
buttonhole lever ................................................. 9, 53, 67
buttonhole sewing..........................................................51
C
crazy quilt stitching ........................................................62
D
darning....................................................................45, 59
E
elastic tape .....................................................................59
error messages................................................................95
extra spool pin ...............................................................31
eyelet punch ..................................................................54
F
fagoting ..........................................................................69
fast bobbin winding........................................................17
feed dog position lever ....................................... 8, 55, 65
feed dogs............................................................ 9, 55, 64
flat bed attachment...............................................7, 8, 44
foot controller .................................................... 6, 13, 39
free-motion quilting........................................................64
H
handwheel ................................................................8, 39
heirloom stitching ..........................................................72
hook-and-loop fastener ..................................................43
J
joining............................................................................71
joining stitch ...........................................................61, 68
M
main parts ........................................................................8
main power switch.........................................................12
monogramming.......................................................70, 72
96
N
needle ............................................................................ 28
needle bar thread guide.............................................9, 25
needle clamp screw ..................................................9, 30
needle plate ..................................................................... 9
needle plate cover.....................................................9, 78
needle position............................................................... 47
needle position button......................................................9
needle threader .........................................................9, 25
O
openings ........................................................................ 66
operation beep ............................................................... 95
operation buttons ............................................................. 9
operation panel .............................................................. 10
optional accessories ......................................................... 7
overcasting stitches ........................................................ 45
P
patchwork stitching ........................................................ 62
piecing ........................................................................... 62
pocket corners................................................................ 66
presser foot................................................................9, 33
presser foot holder.....................................................9, 34
presser foot lever .......................................................9, 22
Q
quick-set bobbin ................................................ 9, 20, 27
quilting........................................................................... 63
quilting foot.................................................................... 64
quilting guide ..........................................................63, 64
R
reinforcement stitching................................................... 40
reverse/reinforcement stitch button............................9, 40
S
scallop stitching ............................................................. 70
seam ripper .................................................................... 54
sewing machine needles ................................................ 28
sewing speed controller.............................................9, 13
sleeve holes.................................................................... 66
smocking........................................................................ 70
spool cap .................................................... 6, 10, 14, 23
spool pin .......................................................... 10, 14, 22
start/stop button.........................................................9, 39
stitch length.................................................................... 38
stitch selection key ......................................................... 10
stitch settings.................................................................. 73
stitch width .................................................................... 38
straight stitch .................................................................. 47
stretch fabrics ................................................................. 44
T
thick fabrics.................................................................... 42
thin fabrics ..................................................................... 44
thread cutter................................................................... 40
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thread tension ................................................................41
trial sewing.....................................................................42
triple stretch stitch ..........................................................47
troubleshooting ..............................................................81
twin needle .............................................................30, 31
U
upper tension-control dial ..................................8, 41, 85
upper threading..............................................................22
W
walking foot ...................................................................63
wing needle ...................................................................72
Z
zigzag stitch .....................................................42, 45, 61
zipper foot......................................................................57
zipper insertion ..............................................................57
4
97
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