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AC
NMAH
411
CHARLES W. TRIGG PAPERS (1834-1961)
[4.5 cu. ft: 8 DB, 5 ShB, 1 F/O]
Biography
Charles Wilderman Trigg (1898-1989) was born in Baltimore. He received a B.S. in
Chemical Engineering from the University of Pittsburgh in 1917 and an M.A. in 1931 from the
University of Southern California. He was an industrial Research Fellow at Mellon Institute,
Pittsburgh, from 1916-1920, doing original research on processes for producing instant coffee. In
1920, he joined King Coffee Products Corporation, Detroit, as chief chemist. He later served in
various college teaching positions, dean of instruction and lecturer at the University of Southern
California (1950-1963). During World War II, Trigg served as Lt. Cmdr, USNR. He published
numerous articles in trade journals and was granted five patents related to coffee processing.
Scope and Content
Most of the material in this collection was generated by Trigg early in his career, as an
industrial research fellow at Mellon Institute in Pittsburgh, 1916-1920 and shortly thereafter. It
includes laboratory notebooks, formal weekly reports (typewritten) on his investigations, and
correspondence with his industrial sponsors. Personal data on Trigg is confined to a few personal
letters and some correspondence relating to his interest in coffee processing. His patents and
correspondence relating to them are included in the personal information. A collection of clippings
and reprints of technical articles on tea and coffee processing and culture are dated from 1883 to
1963. U.S. patents relating to these subjects go back to 1834 and up to 1921. Foreign patents,
including British, French and German, range from 1855 to 1918. Pamphlets contain technical
articles on coffee and related subjects, including U.S. Department of Agriculture and Canadian
For more information contact the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270
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Government publications. Trigg's personal file of 4" x 6" cards (mainly hand-written) reflects his
extensive reading of technical literature. It numbers more than 5,000 cards arranged
chronologically. The cards contain bibliographic data as well as Trigg's brief abstractions.
Provenance
The Trigg papers were donated to the NMAH Archives Center by Mrs.
Charles W. Trigg on May 30, 1991.
Don Darroch
November 25, 1992
For more information contact the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270
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AC
NMAH
411
CHARLES W. TRIGG PAPERS
[4.5 cu.ft.: 8 DB, 5 ShB, 1 F/O]
Container List
Series 1: C.W. Trigg Work at Mellon Institute 1916-1920
BOX
FOLDER
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
Laboratory notebooks 1915-1919
J.E. King Industrial Fellowship reports 1916-1917
Laboratory notebooks 1916-1920
Laboratory notebooks 1917
Laboratory notebooks 1917-1918
Progress reports 1917-1920
2
7
8
9
10
11
Correspondence 1915-1921
Trigg correspondence 1918
Trigg correspondence 1919
Laboratory test notes and recordings 1918-1919
German correspondence 1914
14 (oversize)
Photographs of Mellon Institute staff 1917
Diplomas and certificates 1910-1917
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Series 2: Personal Data and Patents of C. W.Trigg
2
1
2
3
4
5
Trigg personal 1917-1922
Correspondence 1919-1922
Correspondence 1920-1924
Lummus Co. correspondence 1917-1921
Article, ideas 1917-1923
3
6
7
8
9
10
11
Clippings, papers 1910-1946
Patent correspondence (Hamer, Trigg, Barnes) 1917-1918
Patent applications 1917-1918
Original patents, patent assignments, Trigg/King 1912-1921
U.S. Patent Office correspondence 1918-1920
Trigg Patents 1919-1921
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12
13
14
15
16
17
4
18
19
20
14 (oversize)
Laboratory notebook, test results 1920-1921
Laboratory notebooks 1921-1922
Trigg Patent correspondence 1948
Oils and essential oils 1910-1925
Foods, Coffee 1920-1935
Production process, blank forms, n.d.
Correspondence 1920-1922
Coffee (report of the Business Bourse) c. 1918
King Coffee Co. prospectus, 1920-1921
King Coffee building plans 1921
Mathematical charts, n.d.
Series 3: Abstracts from Technical Articles on Coffee,
Tea; Correspondence, Clippings
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Coffee clippings 1913-1961
Coffee bibliography 1910-1918
Coffee correspondence 1917-1924
Coffee (copies) 1895-1925
Tea clippings 1907-1929
Tea/coffee clippings 1917-1863
Tea bibliography 1923-1926
Tea correspondence 1922-1924
5
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Tea (copies) 1883-1926
Tea (copies) 1897-1912
Tea reprints 1921-1922
Technical articles (German/English) 1913-1924
Coffee reprints 1917-1922
Reprints, Robert Kennedy Duncan Club Bulletin, 1916-1919
Coffee tree culture (n.d.)
For more information contact the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270
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Series 4: Patents and Patent Abstracts re: Coffee Processing
5
1
2
3
4
U.S. patents 0 - 100,000 (1834-1869)
U.S. patents 100,001 - 200,000 (1870)
U.S. patents 200,001 - 300,000 (1878-1884)
U.S. patents 300,001 - 400,00 (1884-1889)
6
5
6
7
8
U.S. patents 400,001 - 500,000 (1889-1893)
U.S. patents 500,001 - 600,000 (1893-1898)
U.S. patents 600,001 - 700,000 (1898-1902)
U.S. patents 700,001 - 800,000 (1902-1905)
For more information contact the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270
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7
9
10
11
12
13
U.S. patents 800,001 - 900,000 (1906-1911)
U.S. patents 900,001 - 1,000,000 (1908-1911)
U.S. patents 1,000,001 -1,100,000 (1911-1914)
U.S. patents 1,100,001 - 1,200,000 (1914-1916)
U.S. patents 1,200,001 - 1,300,000 (1916-1919)
14
15
16
17
18
U.S. patents 1,300,001 - 1,400,000 (1919-1921)
U.S. patents 1,400,001 - 1,500,000 (1921)
British patents (1855-1913)
French patents (1906-1917)
German patents (1870-1918)
Series 5: Technical Publications (1902-1944)
Box # 8:
FOLDER
ITEM
1
1
Publication of Mysore Coffee for The English Market.
Fraser Press, 1921
2
Preparation of Coffee. Kenya Dept. of Agriculture, 1921
3
How Whisky, Tobacco and Drugs Affect the Eyes. American
Medical Assn., 1914 (Phamphlets vi and xvi)
4
Tea and Coffee: Their Physical, Intellectual and Moral Effects.
New York: Fowler and Wells, n.d.
5
The Volatile Principles of Coffee. L. E. Sayre, 1916
6
Robusta Coffee. Viehoever and Lepper, 1921
7
Coffee Planting. Hillman, 1902
8
Tea. Canada: Laboratory of Inland Revenue Dept., 1891
2
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9
Tea. Canada: Laboratory of Inland Revenue Dept., 1904
10
Tea. Canada: Laboratory of Inland Revenue Dept., 1906
For more information contact the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270
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Box # 8 (cont'd.):
FOLDER
ITEM
2
11
Tea. Canada: Laboratory of Inland Revenue Dept., 1909
12
Tea. Canada: Laboratory of Inland Revenue Dept., 1914
13
Ground Coffee. Canada: Laboratory of Inland Revenue Dept., 1909
14
Coffee and Coffee Substitutes. Canada: Laboratory of Inland
Revenue Dept., 1914
15
Ground Coffee. Canada: Laboratory of Inland Revenue Dept., 1916
16
Coffee and Substitutes. Canada: Laboratory of Inlnad Revenue
Dept., 1918
17
Methods of Cultivation of Coffee. Kenya, 1920
18
"The Nose and Its Work." Harper's Magazine, 1920
19
Ground Coffee. Canada: Laboratory of Inland Revenue Dept.,
1910
20
"Scientific Analysis of Tea." Tea and Coffee Trade Journal,
1912
21
Service and Regulatory Announcements. U.S. Dept of Agriculture
(3), 1915-1916
22
Weight Variation of Package Foods. USDA, 1920
23
Prices of Tea, Coffee and Cocoa. War Industries Board, 1919
24
Studies in Clarification of Unfermented Fruit Juices. USDA 1922
25
Service and Regulatory Announcements. USDA, 1916
3
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26
Apple Syrup and Concentrated Cider. USDA, 1914
27
Toxicity of Caffeine: An Experimental Study. USDA, 1912
For more information contact the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270
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Box # 8 (cont'd.):
FOLDER
4
ITEM
28
Food Products and Drugs 1921. Connecticut Agricultural
Experiment Station
29
Food Products and Drugs 1920. Connecticut AES
30
Food Products and Drugs 1918. Connecticut AES
31
American Journal of Pharmacy, 1914
32
Digestibility of Cod-Liver [and other] Oils. USDA, 1922
33
Coffee Roasting with Gas. Milwaukee Gas Light Co., 1917
34
Application of Gas to Coffee and Cereal Roasting. National
Commercial Gas Assn., 1917
35
Coffee Interpretations. Joint Coffee Trade Publicity Committee,
1923
36
"German Patent Bibliography." Journal of Industrial and
Engineering Chemistry, 1916
37
"New Use for Coffee Grounds." Tea and Coffee Trade Journal 1917
38
Ground Coffee. Ottawa: Inland Revenue Dept., 1904
39
Ground Coffee. Ottawa: Inland Revenue Dept.,1909
40
"Improved Method for Quantitative Determination of Caffeine in
Vegetable Material." Journal of American Chemical
Society, 1919
41
L'Huile Grasse des Graines de the'. National Institute of
Colonial Agriculture, 1923
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42
Recueil de Travux Chimiques des Pays-Bas. Netherlands Chemical
Society, 1923
43
Overdruk uit het Nederlandsch Indisch, 1924
44
Vanille, Vanilline, Vanille-Extracten. Colonial Institute of
Amsterdam, 1922
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Box # 8 (cont'd.):
FOLDER
ITEM
5
45
"100 lb. of Coffee Roasted at Fuel Cost of 7 cents for Gas."
American Gas Engineering Journal, 1917
46
"Caffeine from Coffee Soot." Tea and Coffee Trade Journal, 1920
47
Technologie du The'. Paris: Library of Colonial Agriculture,
1926
48
Journal of Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, 1944
49
Journal of New York Botanical Garden, 1925
50
Coffee Planting--Nitrate of Soda Propaganda, n.d.
6
Series 6: Trigg Card File (1857-1939)
BOX
ITEM
9
Chemical Abstract, vols. 1-19 (1905-1925): cards 1 - 1202,
10
Chemical Abstract, vols. 20-28 (1926-1933): cards 1203 - 2211
11
Chemical Abstract, vols. 29-31 (1934-1937): cards 2212 - 2633
Chemical Abstract, vol. 32 (1937-1938): non-numbered cards
U.S. Patents (1858-1884): cards 10001 - 10700
12
U.S. Patents (1884-1922): cards 10701 - 11462
U.S. Patents (1922-1937): non-numbered, 150 cards
13
Index Medicus, 1st series (1879-1890): approx. 80 cards
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Index Medicus, 2nd series (1903-1920): approx. 300 cards
Index Medicus, 3rd series (1921-1925): 17 cards
Cumulative Index (1917-1924): 27 cards
Journal of Society of Chemical Industry (1882-1916): cards 1 - 35
Miscellaneous publications (1857-1939): approx. 450 cards
For more information contact the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270
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