SYNC-I-O_Rev X_100161722_2000017704.indd

SYNC-I-O_100161722_2000017704_Rev X
Installation & Operation Manual
Models: 1.0 - 1.3 - 1.5
WARNING This manual must only be used by
a qualified heating installer / service
technician. Read all instructions,
including this manual and the SYNC
Service Manual, before installing.
Perform steps in the order given.
Failure to comply could result in
severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Save this manual for future reference.
Contents
HAZARD DEFINITIONS .................................................... 2
PLEASE READ BEFORE PROCEEDING ........................ 3
THE SYNC -- HOW IT WORKS...................................... 4-5
RATINGS ........................................................................... 6
1. DETERMINE BOILER LOCATION
Closet and Alcove Installations .......................................... 7
Provide Air Openings to Room .......................................... 9
Flooring and Foundation ................................................... 9
Vent and Air Piping ............................................................ 9
Prevent Combustion Air Contamination ............................. 9
Using an Existing Vent System to Install a New Boiler ... 10
Corrosive Contaminants and Sources ............................. 10
Removing a Boiler from Existing Common Vent.............. 11
Remove Boiler from Wood Pallet ..................................... 11
Combustion and Ventilation Air Requirements ........... 12-13
2. GENERAL VENTING
Direct Venting Options - Sdwl/Horz. Vent Opt. Rm Air .... 14
Direct Venting Options - Vert. Vent Opt. Rm Air............... 15
Direct Venting Options - Vert. Vent, Horz. Air ................. 16
Install Vent and Combustion Air Piping ........................... 17
PVC / CPVC Vent Piping Materials ............................ 17
PVC/CPVC Air Intake/Vent Connections ......................... 18
Air Inlet Pipe Materials................................................ 18
Requirements for Installation in Canada .......................... 19
Installing Vent and Air Piping ........................................... 19
Stainless Steel Vent and Air Piping ................................. 20
Min./Max. Combustion Air & Vent Piping Lengths ........... 21
Vent and Air Piping .......................................................... 21
3. SIDEWALL DIRECT VENTING
Vent/Air Termination - Sidewall ................................... 22-25
Determine Location................................................ 22-24
Prepare Wall Penetrations .......................................... 24
Termination and Fittings ............................................. 25
Multiple Vent/Air Terminations .................................... 25
4. VERTICAL DIRECT VENTING
Vent/Air Termination - Vertical .................................... 26-27
Determine Location..................................................... 26
Prepare Roof Penetrations ......................................... 26
Termination and Fittings ........................................ 26-27
Multiple Vent/Air Terminations .................................... 27
Room Air .......................................................................... 27
5. HYDRONIC PIPING
System Water Piping Methods ......................................... 28
Low Water Cutoff Device ................................................. 28
Chilled Water System....................................................... 28
Freeze Protection ............................................................. 28
General Piping Information .............................................. 28
Circulator Sizing ............................................................... 29
Near Boiler Piping Connections ....................................... 29
Near Boiler Piping Components .................................. 31-33
6. GAS CONNECTIONS
Connecting Gas Supply Piping ........................................ 34
Natural Gas ...................................................................... 35
Pipe Sizing for Natural Gas ........................................ 35
Natural Gas Supply Pressure Requirements ............. 35
Propane Gas .................................................................... 35
Pipe Sizing for Propane Gas ...................................... 35
Propane Supply Pressure Requirements ................... 35
Check Inlet Gas Supply .............................................. 36-37
Gas Pressure ................................................................... 37
Gas Valve Replacement .................................................. 37
7. FIELD WIRING
Line Voltage Connections ................................................ 38
Low Voltage Connections ................................................ 39
Wiring of the Cascade ...................................................... 40
8. CONDENSATE DISPOSAL
Condensate Drain ............................................................ 42
9. STARTUP ............................................................... 43-49
10. OPERATING INFORMATION
General........................................................................ 50-51
Cascade ...................................................................... 52-53
Sequence of Operation .................................................... 54
Status Screen .............................................................. 55-56
Main Screen ..................................................................... 57
11. MAINTENANCE
Maintenance & Annual Startup .............................. 58-63
12. DIAGRAMS
Ladder Diagrams ................................................... 64-65
Wiring Diagram ........................................................... 66
Revision Notes .................................................. Back Cover
Hazard definitions
The following defined terms are used throughout this manual to bring attention to the presence of hazards of various risk levels or
to important information concerning the life of the product.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious
injury.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious
WARNING injury.
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate
CAUTION injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION used without the safety alert symbol indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in property damage.
NOTICE
NOTICE indicates special instructions on installation, operation, or maintenance that are important but not
related to personal injury or property damage.
2
Installation & Operation Manual
Please read before proceeding
WARNING
NOTICE
Installer – Read all instructions, including
this manual and the SYNC Service
Manual, before installing. Perform steps
in the order given.
User – This manual is for use only
by a qualified heating installer/
service technician. Refer to the User’s
Information Manual for your reference.
Have this boiler serviced/inspected by
a qualified service technician, at least
annually.
Failure to comply with the above could
result in severe personal injury, death or
substantial property damage.
When calling or writing about the boiler
– Please have the boiler model and serial
number from the boiler rating plate.
Consider piping and installation when
determining boiler location.
Any claims for damage or shortage in
shipment must be filed immediately
against the transportation company by
the consignee.
Factory warranty (shipped with unit) does
not apply to units improperly installed or
improperly operated.
WARNING
Failure to adhere to the guidelines on this
page can result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
WARNING
If the information in this manual is not
followed exactly, a fire or explosion may
result causing property damage, personal
injury or loss of life.
This appliance MUST NOT be installed in
any location where gasoline or flammable
vapors are likely to be present.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electric switch; do
not use any phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier
from a near by phone. Follow the
gas supplier’s instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier,
call the fire department.
• Installation and service must be
performed by a qualified installer,
service agency, or the gas supplier.
WARNING
The California Safe Drinking Water and
Toxic Enforcement Act requires the
Governor of California to publish a list of
substances known to the State of California
to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm, and requires businesses
to warn of potential exposure to such
substances.
This product contains a chemical known to
the State of California to cause cancer, birth
defects, or orther reproductive harm. This
boiler can cause low level exposure to some
of the substances listed in the Act.
When servicing boiler –
• To avoid electric shock, disconnect electrical supply
before performing maintenance.
• To avoid severe burns, allow boiler to cool before
performing maintenance.
Boiler operation –
• Do not block flow of combustion or ventilation air to
the boiler.
• Should overheating occur or gas supply fail to shut off,
do not turn off or disconnect electrical supply to
circulator. Instead, shut off the gas supply at a location
external to the appliance.
• Do not use this boiler if any part has been under water.
The possible damage to a flooded appliance can be
extensive and present numerous safety hazards. Any
appliance that has been under water must be replaced.
Boiler water –
• Thoroughly flush the system (without boiler connected)
to remove sediment. The high-efficiency heat
exchanger can be damaged by build-up or corrosion
due to sediment.
Freeze protection fluids –
• NEVER use automotive antifreeze. Use only inhibited
propylene glycol solutions, which are specifically
formulated for hydronic systems. Ethylene glycol is
toxic and can attack gaskets and seals used in hydronic
systems.
WARNING DO NOT install units in rooms or
environments that contain corrosive
contaminants (see Table 1A on page 10).
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
3
Installation & Operation Manual
The SYNC - How it works...
1.
Access cover - front
Provides access to the gas train and the heat exchanger.
2.
Air intake adapter
Allows for the connection of the PVC air intake pipe to the
boiler.
3.
Air pressure switches
The air pressure switches detect blocked flue/vent conditions.
4.
Air shrouds (1.0 Model only)
The air shrouds control air and gas flow into the burners.
5.
Automatic air vents
Designed to remove trapped air from the heat exchanger
coils.
6.
Blowers
The blowers pull in air and gas through the venturis (item
35). Air and gas mix inside the blowers and are pushed into the
burners, where they burn inside the combustion chamber.
7.
Boiler drain port
Location from which the heat exchangers can be drained.
8.
Boiler inlet temperature sensors
These sensors monitor system return water temperature. If
selected as the controlling sensor, the control
module adjusts the boiler firing rate so the inlet temperature
matches the set point.
9.
Boiler outlet temperature sensors (housed with the
high limit sensor)
These sensors monitor boiler outlet water temperature. If
selected as the controlling sensor, the control
module adjusts boiler firing rate so the outlet temperature
matches the set point.
10. Burners (not shown)
Made with metal fiber and stainless steel construction,
the burners use pre-mixed air and gas and provide a
wide range of firing rates.
11. Condensate drain connection
Connects the condensate drain line to a 1/2" PVC union.
12. Control modules
The control modules respond to internal and external signals
and control the blowers, gas valves, and pumps to meet the
heating demand.
13. Electronic display
Digital controls with touch screen technology and full color
display.
14. Flame inspection windows
The quartz glass windows provide a view of the burner
surfaces and flames.
15. Flame sensors
Used by the control module to detect the presence of burner
flame.
16. Flap valves
Prevents recirculation of flue products when only one burner is
running.
17. Flue gas sensors
These sensors monitor the flue gas exit temperature. The
control modules will modulate and shut down the boiler if the
flue gas temperature gets too hot. This protects the flue pipe
from overheating.
18. Flue pipe adapter
Allows for the connection of the PVC vent pipe system to the
boiler.
19. Gas connection pipe
Threaded 1½" pipe connection. This pipe should be
connected to the incoming gas supply for the purpose of
delivering gas to the boiler.
20. Gas shutoff valves (inside unit)
Manual valves used to isolate the gas valves from the burners.
21. Gas shutoff valve (outside unit)
Manual valve used to isolate the gas valve from the gas supply.
22. Gas valves
The gas valves sense the negative pressure created by the
blowers, allowing gas to flow only if the gas valves are
powered and combustion air is flowing.
4
23. Heat exchanger access covers
Allows access
exchanger coils.
to
the
combustion
side
of
the
heat
24. High gas pressure switches
Switches provided to detect excessive gas pressure.
25. Manual Reset High Limit (MRHL)
Device used to monitor the outlet water temperature. If the
temperature exceeds its setting, it will break the control
circuit, shutting the boiler down.
26. Ignition electrodes
Provides direct spark for igniting the burners.
27. Line voltage junction box
The junction box contains the connection points for the line
voltage power and all pumps.
28. Line voltage wiring connections (knockouts)
Conduit connection points for the high voltage junction box.
29. Low gas pressure switch
Switch provided to detect low gas pressure.
30. Low voltage connection board
The connection board is used to connect external low voltage
devices.
31. Low voltage wiring connections (knockouts)
Conduit connection points for the low voltage connection board.
32. Low water cutoff device (LWCO)
Device used to ensure adequate water is supplied to the boiler
and in the event of inadequate water levels, will ensure the boiler
will shut down.
33. Power switch
Turns 120 VAC ON/OFF to the boiler.
34. Pump relay boards
The pump relay boards are used to connect the boiler, system
and Hot Water Generator (HW) pumps.
35. Relief valve
Protects the heat exchangers from an over pressure condition.
The relief valve will be set at 50 PSI.
36. Reset switch
Reset switch for the low water cutoff. Hold for 10 seconds to
reset.
37. Stainless steel heat exchangers
Allows system water to flow through specially designed coils for
maximum heat transfer, while providing protection against flue
gas corrosion. The coils are encased in a jacket that contains the
combustion process.
38. Temperature and pressure gauge
Monitors the outlet temperature of the boiler as well as the
system water pressure.
39. Test switch
Test switch for the low water cutoff. Hold for 10 seconds to
test.
40. Top panel
Removable panel to gain access to the internal components.
41. Venturis
The venturis control air and gas flow into the burners.
42. Water inlets
Two 2" NPT water connections that return water from the
system to the heat exchangers.
43. Water outlets
A 3" NPT water connection that supplies hot water to the
system.
44. O-temp switch (located underneath access cover)
An electrical switch designed to shut down boiler operation in
the event the outer back of the heat exchanger, directly above the
flue connection does not exceed 604°F (318°C). This is a one time
switch and could warrant a heat exchanger replacement. Check
the integrity of the rear refractory at the back of the upper coil if
the switch opens.
45. Burner door temperature switch
An electrical switch designed to shut down boiler operation
in the event the combustion chamber access cover exceeds
500°F (260°C). This switch may only be reset by a qualified
boiler service technician AFTER the underlying cause has been
identified and corrected. Check the integrity of the front
refractory on the inside of the combustion chamber access
cover if the switch opens.
Installation & Operation Manual
The SYNC - How it works...
(continued)
Models 1.0 - 1.3 - 1.5
40
13
1
Front View
Rear View
4
1.0 Model Only
2
23
45
22
37
32
45
8
9
39
36
43
24
IMG00971
5
29
26
22
14
7
25
Left Side (inside unit)
6
41
33
20
15
24
IMG00970
Right Side (inside unit)
5
Installation & Operation Manual
Ratings
SYNC
AHRI Rating
Net
Input
Model Number
Gross
Output
MBH
MBH
Note: Change “N” to
“L” for L.P. gas models.
Other Specifications
(Note 4)
(Note 1)
AHRI
Ratings
Water,
MBH
Vent
Size
Appliance
Water
Content
Gallons
Outlet
Water
8.4
3"
(2) - 2"
1½"
6"
6"
Inlet
Water
Gas
Connections
Air
Size
(Note 3)
(Note 2)
Min
Max
SBN1000
100
1000
941
818
SBN1300
130
1300
1237
1076
10.0
3"
(2) - 2"
1½"
6"
6"
SBN1500
150
1500
1444
1256
11.4
3"
(2) - 2"
1½"
6"
6"
NOTICE
Maximum allowed working pressure is located on the rating plate.
Notes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
The ratings are based on standard test procedures
prescribed by the United States Department of Energy.
Net AHRI ratings are based on net installed radiation of
sufficient quantity for the requirements of the building
and nothing need be added for normal piping and pickup.
Ratings are based on a piping and pickup allowance of
1.15.
SYNC boilers require special gas venting. Use only
the vent materials and methods specified in the SYNC
Installation and Operation Manual.
Standard SYNC boilers are equipped to operate from sea
level to 4,500 feet only with no adjustments. The boiler
will de-rate by 4% for each 1,000 feet above sea level up
to 4,500 feet.
High altitude SYNC boilers are equipped to operate
from 3,000 to 12,000 feet only. The boiler will
de-rate by 2% for each 1,000 feet above sea level.
High altitude models are manufactured with a
different control module for altitude operation, but
the operation given in this manual remains the same as
the standard boilers. A high altitude label (as shown in
FIG. A) is also affixed to the unit.
Derate values are based on proper combustion calibration
and CO2’s adjusted to the recommended levels.
Ratings have been confirmed by the Hydronics Section
of AHRI.
6
UNIT EQUIPPED FOR
HIGH ALTITUDE
3,000 FT. TO 12,000 FT.
Figure A High Altitude Label Location
Installation & Operation Manual
1
Determine boiler location
Installation must comply with:
• Local, state, provincial, and national codes, laws,
regulations, and ordinances.
• National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1 – latest edition.
• Standard for Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically
Fired Boilers, ANSI/ASME CSD-1, when required.
• National Electrical Code.
• For Canada only: B149.1 Installation Code, CSA C22.1
Canadian Electrical Code Part 1 and any local codes.
NOTICE
The SYNC gas manifold and controls
met safe lighting and other performance
criteria when the boiler underwent tests
specified in ANSI Z21.13 – latest edition.
Before locating the boiler, check:
1.
2.
3.
WARNING
Check for nearby connection to:
• System water piping
• Venting connections
• Gas supply piping
• Electrical power
Locate the appliance so that if water connections should
leak, water damage will not occur. When such locations
cannot be avoided, it is recommended that a suitable
drain pan, adequately drained, be installed under the
appliance. The pan must not restrict combustion air
flow. Under no circumstances is the manufacturer to be
held responsible for water damage in connection with
this appliance, or any of its components.
Check area around the boiler. Remove any combustible
materials, gasoline and other flammable liquids.
Failure to keep boiler area clear and free
WARNING of combustible materials, gasoline, and
other flammable liquids and vapors can
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
4. The SYNC must be installed so that gas control system
components are protected from dripping or spraying
water or rain during operation or service.
5. If a new boiler will replace an existing boiler, check for
and correct system problems, such as:
• System leaks causing oxygen corrosion or heat
exchanger cracks from hard water deposits.
• Incorrectly-sized expansion tank.
• Lack of freeze protection in boiler water causing system
and boiler to freeze and leak.
6.
Check around the boiler for any potential air
contaminants that could risk corrosion to the boiler or
the boiler combustion air supply (see Table 1A on page
10). Prevent combustion air contamination. Remove
any of these contaminants from the boiler area.
DO NOT install units in rooms or
WARNING environments that contain corrosive
contaminants (see Table 1A on page 10).
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
This appliance is certified as an indoor
appliance. Do not install the appliance
outdoors or locate where the appliance will
be exposed to freezing temperatures or to
temperatures that exceed 100°F.
Do not install the appliance where the
relative humidity may exceed 93%. Do not
install the appliance where condensation
may form on the inside or outside of the
appliance, or where condensation may fall
onto the appliance.
Failure to install the appliance indoors
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
This appliance requires a special venting
WARNING system. Use only the vent materials, primer
and cement specified in this manual to
make the vent connections. Failure to
follow this warning could result in fire,
personal injury, or death.
Closet and alcove installations
A closet is any room the boiler is installed in which is less
than 778 cubic feet for SB1000 models, 847 cubic feet for
SB1300 models, and 914 cubic feet for SB1500 models.
An alcove is any room which meets the criteria for a closet
with the exception that it does not have a door.
Example: Room dimensions = 9 feet long, 9 feet wide, and
9 foot ceiling = 9 x 9 x 9 = 729 cubic feet. This would be
considered a closet for a SYNC Boiler.
WARNING
For closet and alcove installations as
shown in FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2, CPVC or
stainless steel vent material must be used
inside the structure. The ventilating air
openings shown in FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2 are
required for this arrangement. Failure to
follow this warning could result in fire,
personal injury, or death.
Provide clearances:
Clearances from combustible materials
1. Hot water pipes – at least 1/4" (6 mm) from combustible
materials.
2. Vent pipe – at least 1" (25 mm) from combustible
materials.
3. See FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2 on page 8 for other clearance
minimums.
Clearances for service access
1. See FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2 on page 8 for recommended
service clearances. If you do not provide the minimum
clearances shown, it may not be possible to service the
boiler without removing it from the space.
7
Installation & Operation Manual
1
Determine boiler location
Figure 1-1 Closet Installation - Minimum Required Clearances
1/4” (6 MM) MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND HOT WATER PIPES
1” (25 MM) MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND VENT PIPES
WARNING
For closet installations, CPVC,
polypropylene or stainless steel
vent material MUST BE used in
a closet structure due to elevated
temperatures. Failure to follow
this warning could result in fire,
personal injury, or death.
4" (330 MM)
TOP
VENTILATING*
AIR OPENING
CLOSED DOOR
0"
LEFT
VENTILATING*
AIR OPENING
6" (152 MM)
24" (610 MM)
REAR
0"
RIGHT
RECOMMENDED SERVICE
CLEARANCES:
6" (152 MM)
FRONT
Front - 30" (762 mm)
Top
- 24" (610 mm)
Left Side - 24" (610 mm)
Rear 24" (610 mm)
*AREA OF EACH OPENING:
1 SQ. INCH PER 1000 BTU PER HOUR INPUT
WITH A MINIMUM OF 100 SQ. INCHES
Figure 1-2 Alcove Installation - Minimum Required Clearances
1/4” (6 MM) MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND HOT WATER PIPES
1” (25 MM) MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND VENT PIPES
WARNING
For alcove installations, CPVC,
polypropylene or stainless steel
vent material MUST BE used
in an alcove structure due to
elevated temperatures. Failure to
follow this warning could result
in fire, personal injury, or death.
13" (330 MM)
TOP
OPEN FRONT
0"
LEFT
24" (610 MM)
REAR
RECOMMENDED SERVICE
CLEARANCES:
Front - 30" (762 mm)
Top
- 24" (610 mm)
Left Side - 24" (610 mm)
Rear 24" (610 mm)
8
0"
RIGHT
6" (152.40 MM)
FRONT
Installation & Operation Manual
1
Determine boiler location
(continued)
Provide air openings to room:
Vent and air piping
The SYNC alone in boiler room
The SYNC requires a special vent system, designed for
pressurized venting.
1. No air ventilation openings into the boiler room are
needed when clearances around the SYNC are at least
equal to the SERVICE clearances shown in FIG.’s 1-1
and 1-2. For spaces that do NOT supply this clearance,
provide two openings as shown in FIG. 1-1. Each
opening must provide one square inch free area per 1,000
Btu/hr of boiler input.
The boiler is to be used for either direct vent installation or
for installation using indoor combustion air. When room air
is considered, see Section 4, Vertical Direct Venting. Note
prevention of combustion air contamination below when
considering vent/air termination.
2. Combustion air openings are required when using the
Room Air Option on page 18 of this manual.
The SYNC in same space with other gas or oil-fired
appliances
1. Follow the National Fuel Gas Code (U.S.) or CSA B149.1
(Canada) to size/verify size of the combustion/ventilation
air openings into the space.
WARNING
The space must be provided with
combustion/ventilation air openings
correctly sized for all other appliances
located in the same space as the SYNC.
Do not install the boiler in an attic.
Failure to comply with the above warnings
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
2. Size openings only on the basis of the other appliances in
the space. No additional air opening free area is needed
for the SYNC because it takes its combustion air from
outside (direct vent installation).
Flooring and foundation
Flooring
The SYNC is approved for installation on combustible
flooring, but must never be installed on carpeting.
Do not install the boiler on carpeting even
WARNING
if foundation is used. Fire can result,
causing severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Vent and air must terminate near one another and may be
vented vertically through the roof or out a side wall, unless
otherwise specified. You may use any of the vent/air piping
methods covered in this manual. Do not attempt to install
the SYNC using any other means.
Be sure to locate the boiler such that the vent and air piping
can be routed through the building and properly terminated.
The vent/air piping lengths, routing and termination method
must all comply with the methods and limits given in this
manual.
Prevent combustion air contamination
Install air inlet piping for the SYNC as described in this
manual. Do not terminate vent/air in locations that can allow
contamination of combustion air. Refer to Table 1A, page
10 for products and areas which may cause contaminated
combustion air.
WARNING
Ensure that the combustion air will not
contain any of the contaminants in Table
1A, page 10. Contaminated combustion
air will damage the boiler, resulting in
possible severe personal injury, death
or substantial property damage. Do not
pipe combustion air near a swimming
pool, for example. Also, avoid areas
subject to exhaust fumes from laundry
facilities. These areas will always contain
contaminants.
If flooding is possible, elevate the boiler sufficiently to prevent
water from reaching the boiler.
9
Installation & Operation Manual
1
Determine boiler location
Table 1A Corrosive Contaminants and Sources
Products to avoid:
Spray cans containing chloro/fluorocarbons
Permanent wave solutions
Chlorinated waxes/cleaners
Chlorine-based swimming pool chemicals
Calcium chloride used for thawing
Sodium chloride used for water softening
Refrigerant leaks
Paint or varnish removers
Hydrochloric acid/muriatic acid
Cements and glues
Antistatic fabric softeners used in clothes dryers
Chlorine-type bleaches, detergents, and cleaning solvents
found in household laundry rooms
Adhesives used to fasten building products and other similar
products
Areas likely to have contaminants
Dry cleaning/laundry areas and establishments
Swimming pools
Metal fabrication plants
Beauty shops
Refrigeration repair shops
Photo processing plants
Auto body shops
Plastic manufacturing plants
Furniture refinishing areas and establishments
New building construction
Remodeling areas
Garages with workshops
When using an existing vent system to
install a new boiler:
Failure to follow all instructions can result
WARNING in flue gas spillage and carbon monoxide
emissions, causing severe personal injury
or death.
Check the following venting components before installing:
• Material - For materials listed for use with this appliance,
see Section 2 - General Venting. For polypropylene or
stainless steel venting, an adapter of the same
manufacturer must be used at the flue collar connection.
• Size - To ensure proper pipe size is in place, see Table 2A.
Check to see that this size is used throughout the vent
system.
• Manufacturer - For a stainless steel or polypropylene
application, you must use only the listed manufacturers
and their type product listed in Tables 2D and 2F for CAT
IV positive pressure venting with flue producing
condensate.
• Supports - Non-combustible supports must be in place
allowing a minimum 1/4" rise per foot. The supports
should adequately prevent sagging and vertical slippage,
by distributing the vent system weight. For additional
information, consult the vent manufacturer’s
instructions for installation.
• Terminations - Carefully review Sections 2 through 4 to
ensure requirements for the location of the vent and air
terminations are met and orientation of these fit the
appropriate image from the Sidewall or Vertical
options listed in the General Venting Section. For
stainless steel vent, only use terminations listed in Table
2F for the manufacturer of the installed vent.
• Seal - With prior requirements met, the system should be
tested to the procedure listed in parts (c) through (f) of
the Removal of an Existing Boiler Section on page 11.
With polypropylene and stainless steel vent, seal and connect
all pipe and components as specified by the vent manufacturer
used; with PVC/CPVC vent, see the Installing Vent or Air
Piping Section on page 19.
If any of these conditions are not met,
WARNING the existing system must be updated or
replaced for that concern. Failure to
follow all instructions can result in flue gas
spillage and carbon monoxide emissions,
causing severe personal injury or death.
10
Installation & Operation Manual
1
Determine boiler location
When removing a boiler from existing
common vent system:
DANGER
Do not install the SYNC into a common
vent with any other appliance. This
will cause flue gas spillage or appliance
malfunction, resulting in possible severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
Failure to follow all instructions can result
WARNING in flue gas spillage and carbon monoxide
emissions, causing severe personal injury
or death.
At the time of removal of an existing boiler, the following steps
shall be followed with each appliance remaining connected
to the common venting system placed in operation, while
the other appliances remaining connected to the common
venting system are not in operation.
a. Seal any unused openings in the common venting system.
b. Visually inspect the venting system for proper size and
horizontal pitch and determine there is no blockage
or restriction, leakage, corrosion, or other deficiencies,
which could cause an unsafe condition.
c. Test vent system – Insofar as is practical, close all
building doors and windows and all doors between the
space in which the appliances remaining connected to the
common venting system are located and other spaces of
the building. Turn on clothes dryers and any appliance
not connected to the common venting system. Turn on
any exhaust fans, such as range hoods and bathroom
exhausts, so they will operate at maximum speed. Do not
operate a summer exhaust fan. Close fireplace dampers.
d. Place in operation the appliance being inspected. Follow
the lighting instructions. Adjust thermostat so appliance
will operate continuously.
e. Test for spillage at the draft hood relief opening after 5
minutes of main burner operation. Use the flame of a
match or candle, or smoke from a cigarette, cigar, or pipe.
f. After it has been determined that each appliance
remaining connected to the common venting system
properly vents when tested as outlined herein, return
doors, windows, exhaust fans, fireplace dampers, and any
other gas-burning appliance to their previous conditions
of use.
g. Any improper operation of the common venting system
should be corrected so the installation conforms with the
National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 and/or
CAN/CSA B149.1, Natural Gas and Propane Installation
Code. When resizing any portion of the common venting
system, the common venting system should be resized
to approach the minimum size as determined using the
appropriate tables in Part 11 of the National Fuel Gas
Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA and/or CAN/CSA B149.1,
Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code.
(continued)
Remove boiler from wood pallet
1. After removing the outer shipping carton from the boiler,
remove the parts package (packaged parts inside the jacket
of the boiler).
2.
To remove the boiler from the pallet:
a. Remove the front door of the boiler.
b. Remove the two lag bolts from the wood pallet
inside the boiler (FIG. 1-3).
c. Detach the boiler from the lag bolts in the rear of
the unit, see FIG. 1-3.
NOTICE
Do not drop the boiler or bump the jacket
on the floor or pallet. Damage to the boiler
can result.
Figure 1-3 Boiler Mounted on Shipping Pallet
LAG BOLTS
(QTY. 3)
REAR
FRONT
LAG BOLTS
(QTY. 3)
Maintain minimum specified clearances for adequate operation.
All installations must allow sufficient space for servicing the
vent connections, water pipe connections, piping and other
auxiliary equipment, as well as the appliance. The clearance
labels on each appliance note the same service and combustible
clearance requirements as shown in this manual.
Multiple appliances may be installed in a modular boiler
installation. Multiple appliances may be installed side by side
with no clearance between adjacent appliances because this
appliance is approved for zero clearance from combustible
surfaces and no service access is required from the sides.
Consult the Venting section of this manual for specific
installation instructions for the appropriate type of venting
system that you will be using.
11
Installation & Operation Manual
1
Determine boiler location
Combustion
and
ventilation
air
requirements for appliances drawing air
from the equipment room
Provisions for combustion and ventilation air must be in
accordance with Air for Combustion and Ventilation, of the
latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1, in
Canada, the latest edition of CGA Standard B149 Installation
Code for Gas Burning Appliances and Equipment, or
applicable provisions of the local building codes.
The equipment room MUST be provided with properly sized
openings to assure adequate combustion air and proper
ventilation.
Figure 1-5_Combustion Air Through Ducts
2.
If combustion and ventilation air is taken from the
outdoors using a duct to deliver the air to the
equipment room, each of the two openings should be
sized based on a minimum free area of one square inch
per 2000 Btu/hr (11 cm2 per kW) of input (see FIG. 1-5).
IF NECESSARY
FOR TIGHT
CONSTRUCTION
Figure 1-4_Combustion Air Direct from Outside
1.
If air is taken directly from outside the building
with no duct, provide two permanent openings to
the equipment room (see FIG. 1-4):
(a) Combustion air opening, with a minimum free
area of one square inch per 4000 Btu/hr input
(5.5 cm2 per kW).
This opening must be
located within 12" (30 cm) of the bottom of the
enclosure.
(b) Ventilation air opening, with a minimum free
area of one square inch per 4000 Btu/hr input
(5.5 cm2 per kW).
This opening must be
located within 12" (30 cm) of the top of the
enclosure.
12
Figure 1-6_Combustion Air from Interior Space
3.
If air is taken from another interior space, each of the
two openings specified above should have a net free
area of one square inch for each 1000 Btu/hr (22 cm2
per kW) of input, but not less than 100 square inches
(645 cm2) (see FIG. 1-6).
Installation & Operation Manual
1
Determine boiler location
(continued)
Where two openings are provided, one must be within 12"
(30cm) of the ceiling and one must be within 12" (30cm) of the
floor of the equipment room. Each opening must have net free
area as specified in the chart below (Table 1B). Single openings
shall commence within 12" (30cm) of the ceiling.
Under no circumstances should the
CAUTION
equipment room ever be under negative
pressure. Particular care should be taken
where exhaust fans, attic fans, clothes dryers,
compressors, air handling units, etc., may
take away air from the unit.
Figure 1-7_Combustion Air from Outside - Single
Opening
4. If a single combustion air opening is provided to bring
combustion air in directly from the outdoors, the opening
must be sized based on a minimum free area of one
square inch per 3000 Btu/hr (7 cm2 per kW). This
opening must be located within 12" (30 cm) of the top of
the enclosure (see FIG. 1-7).
Combustion air requirements are based on the latest edition
of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1; in Canada refer
to the latest edition of CGA Standard CAN B149.1. Check all
local code requirements for combustion air.
All dimensions based on net free area in square inches. Metal
louvers or screens reduce the free area of a combustion air
opening a minimum of approximately 25%. Check with
louver manufacturers for exact net free area of louvers.
Model
Number
1.0
1.3
1.5
The combustion air supply must be completely free of any
flammable vapors that may ignite or chemical fumes which
may be corrosive to the appliance. Common corrosive chemical
fumes which must be avoided are fluorocarbons and other
halogenated compounds, most commonly present as refrigerants
or solvents, such as Freon, trichlorethylene, perchlorethylene,
chlorine, etc. These chemicals, when burned, form acids which
quickly attack the stainless steel heat exchanger, headers, flue
collectors, and the vent system.
The result is improper combustion and a non-warrantable,
premature appliance failure.
EXHAUST FANS: Any fan or equipment which exhausts air
from the equipment room may deplete the combustion air
supply and/or cause a downdraft in the venting system. Spillage
of flue products from the venting system into an occupied
living space can cause a very hazardous condition that must be
corrected immediately.
TABLE - 1B
MINIMUM RECOMMENDED COMBUSTION
AIR SUPPLY TO EQUIPMENT ROOM
FIG. 1-4
FIG. 1-5
FIG. 1-6
FIG. 1-7
*Outside Air from
*Outside Air from
**Inside Air from
*Outside Air from
2 Openings Directly from
2 Ducts Delivered from
2 Ducts Delivered from
1 Opening Directly
Outdoors
Outdoors
Interior Space
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
from Outdoors, in2
Opening, in2 Opening, in2 Opening, in2 Opening, in2 Opening, in2 Opening, in2
250
250
500
500
1000
1000
333
(1613 cm2) (1613 cm2)
(3226 cm2)
(3226 cm2)
(6452 cm2)
(6452 cm2)
(2149 cm2)
325
650
650
1300
1300
433
325
(4194 cm2)
(4194 cm2)
(8388 cm2)
(8388 cm2)
(2794 cm2)
(2097 cm2) (2097 cm2)
375
375
750
750
1500
1500
500
(2420 cm2) (2420 cm2)
(4839 cm2)
(4839 cm2)
(9678 cm2)
(9678 cm2)
(3226 cm2)
*Outside air openings shall directly communicate with the outdoors. When combustion air is drawn from the outside through a
duct, the net free area of each of the two openings must have twice (2 times) the free area required for Outside Air/2 Openings.
The above requirements are for the appliance only; additional gas fired appliances in the equipment room will require an increase
in the net free area to supply adequate combustion air for all appliances.
**Combined interior space must be 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu/hr input. Buildings MUST NOT be of *“Tight Construction”.
For buildings of *“Tight Construction”, provide air openings into the building from outside.
*No combustion air openings are needed when the appliance is installed in a space with a volume NO LESS than 50 cubic feet per
1,000 Btu/hr of all installed gas fired appliances. Buildings MUST NOT be of *“Tight Construction”.
*”Tight Construction” is defined as a building with less than 0.40 ACH (air changes per hour).
13
Installation & Operation Manual
2
General venting
Direct venting options - Sidewall Vent
Figure 2-1 Two Pipe Sidewall Termination See page 22 for more details
Direct venting options - Vertical Vent
Figure 2- 2 Two Pipe Vertical Termination See page 26 for more details
14
Figure 2-3 Vertical Vent, Sidewall Air
Installation & Operation Manual
2
General venting
(continued)
Install vent and combustion air piping
DANGER
The SYNC boiler must be vented and
supplied with combustion and ventilation
air as described in this section. Ensure the
vent and air piping and the combustion
air supply comply with these instructions
regarding vent system, air system, and
combustion air quality. See also Section 1
of this manual.
Inspect finished vent and air piping
thoroughly to ensure all are airtight and
comply with the instructions provided and
with all requirements of applicable codes.
Failure to provide a properly installed vent
and air system will cause severe personal
injury or death.
This appliance requires a special venting
WARNING
system. Use only approved stainless steel,
PVC, CPVC or polypropylene pipe and
fittings listed in Tables 2C, 2D, and 2F for
vent pipe, and fittings. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
DO NOT mix components from different
WARNING systems. The vent system could fail,
causing leakage of flue products into the
living space. Mixing of venting materials
will void the warranty and certification of
the appliance.
NOTICE
The SYNC boiler vent and air piping can be installed through
the roof or through a sidewall. Follow the procedures in this
manual for the method chosen. Refer to the information in this
manual to determine acceptable vent and air piping length.
You may use any of the vent/air piping methods covered in this
manual. Do not attempt to install the SYNC boiler using any
other means.
You must also install air piping from outside to the boiler
air intake adapter unless following the Optional Room Air
instructions on page 18 of this manual. The resultant installation
is direct vent (sealed combustion).
Air intake/vent connections
1.
Combustion Air Intake Connector (FIG. 2-4) - Used to
provide combustion air directly to the unit from outdoors. A
fitting is provided on the unit for final connection.
Combustion air piping must be supported per guidelines
listed in the National Mechanical Code, Section 305, Table
305.4 or as local codes dictate.
2.
Vent Connector (FIG.'s 2-5 thru 2-8) - Used to provide a
passageway for conveying combustion gases to the
outside. A transition fitting is provided on the unit for
final connection. Vent piping must be supported per the
National Building Code, Section 305, Table 305.4 or as
local codes dictate.
Figure 2-4 Near Boiler Air Piping
Installation must comply with local
requirements and with the National
Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1 for U.S.
installations or CSA B149.1 for Canadian
installations.
For closet and alcove installations, CPVC,
WARNING polypropylene or stainless steel material
MUST BE used in a closet/alcove structure.
Failure to follow this warning could result
in fire, personal injury, or death.
CAUTION
NOTICE
WARNING
Improper installation of venting systems
may result in injury or death.
Follow the instructions in Section 1, page
11 of this manual when removing a boiler
from an existing vent system.
Do not connect any other appliance to
the vent pipe or multiple boilers to a
common vent pipe. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
15
Installation & Operation Manual
2
General venting
Sizing
Requirements for installation in
Canada
1.
2.
3.
The SYNC boiler uses model specific combustion air
intake and vent piping sizes as detailed in Table 2A
below.
Installations must be made with a vent pipe system
certified to ULC-S636.
The first three (3) feet of plastic vent pipe from the
appliance flue outlet must be readily accessible for visual
inspection.
The components of the certified vent system must not be
interchanged with other vent systems or unlisted
pipe/fittings.
When determining equivalent combustion air and vent
length, add 5 feet for each 90° elbow and 3 feet for each
45° elbow.
EXAMPLE: 20 feet of PVC pipe + (4) 90° elbows + (2)
45° elbows + (1) concentric vent kit (100140480) = 49
equivalent feet of piping.
Table 2A Air Intake/Vent Piping Sizes
Vent
Diameter
Vent
Min. Length
Vent
Max. Length
Input
De-Rate per
25 feet of Vent
100'
50'
6"
6"
12'
12'
100'
50'
1.25%
2.90%
12'
100'
7"
12'
100'
0.95%
12'
50'
6"
12'
50'
3.30%
12'
100'
7"
12'
100'
1.65%
Model
Air Intake
Diameter
Air Intake
Air Intake
Min. Length Max. Length
SB 1000
SB 1300
6"
6"
12'
12'
SB 1300
7"
SB 1500
6"
SB 1500
7"
Note: When using a 7" vent or air pipe, a field supplied increaser is required.
NOTICE
16
Increasing or decreasing combustion air or vent piping sizes is not authorized.
Installation & Operation Manual
2
General venting
(continued)
Materials
Air inlet pipe materials:
The air inlet pipe(s) must be sealed. Choose acceptable
combustion air inlet pipe materials from the following list:
PVC, CPVC, Polypropylene or ABS
Dryer Vent or Sealed Flexible Duct (not recommended
for rooftop air inlet)
Galvanized steel vent pipe with joints and seams sealed as
specified in this section.
Type “B” double-wall vent with joints and seams sealed as
specified in this section.
AL29-4C, stainless steel material to be sealed to
specification of its manufacturer.
*Plastic pipe may require an adapter (not provided) to
transition between the air inlet connection on the appliance
and the plastic air inlet pipe.
WARNING Using air intake materials other than
those specified can result in personal
injury, death or property damage.
NOTICE
The PVC, CPVC, or ABS air inlet pipe should be cleaned and
sealed with the pipe manufacturer’s recommended solvents
and standard commercial pipe cement for the material used.
The PVC, CPVC, ABS, Dryer Vent or Flex Duct air inlet pipe
should use a silicone sealant to ensure a proper seal at the
appliance connection and the air inlet cap connection. Dryer
vent or flex duct should use a screw type clamp to seal the vent
to the appliance air inlet and the air inlet cap. Proper sealing
of the air inlet pipe ensures that combustion air will be free of
contaminants and supplied in proper volume.
When a sidewall or vertical rooftop combustion air supply
system is disconnected for any reason, the air inlet pipe
must be resealed to ensure that combustion air will be free of
contaminants and supplied in proper volume.
Failure to properly seal all joints and seams
DANGER
as required in the air inlet piping may
result in flue gas recirculation, spillage
of flue products and carbon monoxide
emissions causing severe personal injury
or death.
The use of double-wall vent or insulated
material for the combustion air inlet pipe is
recommended in cold climates to prevent
the condensation of airborne moisture in
the incoming combustion air.
Sealing of Type “B” double-wall vent material or galvanized
vent pipe material used for air inlet piping on a sidewall or
vertical rooftop Combustion Air Supply System:
a. Seal all joints and seams of the air inlet pipe using either
Aluminum Foil Duct Tape meeting UL Standard 723 or
181A-P or a high quality UL Listed silicone sealant such as
those manufactured by Dow Corning or General Electric.
b. Do not install seams of vent pipe on the bottom of
horizontal runs.
c. Secure all joints with a minimum of three (3) sheet metal
screws or pop rivets. Apply Aluminum Foil Duct Tape or
silicone sealant to all screws or rivets installed in the vent
pipe.
d. Ensure that the air inlet pipes are properly supported.
17
Installation & Operation Manual
2
General venting
Optional room air
Applications utilizing the SYNC boiler may be installed with
a single pipe carrying the flue products to the outside while
using combustion air from the equipment room. In order to
use the room air venting option the following conditions and
considerations must be followed.
•
•
•
•
•
The unit MUST be installed with the appropriate
room air inlet cover (factory installed).
The equipment room MUST be provided with
properly sized openings to assure adequate
combustion air. Please refer to instructions provided
with the room air kit.
There will be a noticeable increase in the noise level
during normal operation from the inlet air opening.
Using the room air configuration makes the unit
vulnerable to combustion air contamination from
within the building. Please review Section 1,
Prevent Combustion Air Contamination, to ensure
proper installation.
Vent system and terminations must comply with the
standard venting instructions set forth in this
manual.
When utilizing the single pipe method,
WARNING provisions for combustion and ventilation
air must be in accordance with Air for
Combustion and Ventilation, of the latest
edition of the National Fuel Gas Code,
ANSI Z223.1, in Canada, the latest edition
of CGA Standard B149 Installation
Code for Gas Burning Appliances and
Equipment, or applicable provisions of
the local building codes.
Figure 2-5 Room Air Installation
NOTICE FOR DIRECT VENT SYSTEMS
REMOVE AIR INLET COVER AND
INSTALL RUBBER COUPLING FOR
PVC / CPVC VENT SYSTEMS OR
STAINLESS STEEL ADAPTER FOR
STAINLESS STEEL VENT SYSTEMS
18
Table 2B Room Air Minimum / Maximum Allowable Air /
Vent Lengths
Input
Vent
De-Rate per
Max.
25 feet of
Length
Vent
Model
Vent
Diameter
Vent
Min.
Length
SB 1000
SB 1300
6"
6"
12'
12'
100'
50'
0.63%
1.45%
SB 1300
7"
12'
50' - 100'
1.45%
SB 1500
6"
12'
50'
1.65%
SB 1500
7"
12'
50' - 100'
1.65%
Air contamination
Pool and laundry products and common household and hobby
products often contain fluorine or chlorine compounds. When
these chemicals pass through the boiler, they can form strong
acids. The acid can eat through the boiler wall, causing serious
damage and presenting a possible threat of flue gas spillage or
boiler water leakage into the building.
Please read the information given in Table 1A, page 10,
listing contaminants and areas likely to contain them. If
contaminating chemicals will be present near the location of the
boiler combustion air inlet, have your installer pipe the boiler
combustion air and vent to another location, per this manual.
WARNING
If the boiler combustion air inlet is located in
a laundry room or pool facility, for example,
these areas will always contain hazardous
contaminants.
WARNING
To prevent the potential of severe personal
injury or death, check for areas and products
listed in Table 1A, page 10 before installing
the boiler or air inlet piping.
If contaminants are found, you MUST:
• Remove contaminants permanently.
—OR—
• Relocate air inlet and vent terminations
to other areas.
Installation & Operation Manual
2
General venting
(continued)
PVC/CPVC
1.
This product has been approved for use with the PVC/CPVC
vent materials listed in Table 2C.
Installing vent and air piping
WARNING For all installations, the first ten (10)
equivalent feet of vent must be CPVC or
stainless steel (see FIG. 2-6). The field
provided vent fittings must be cemented
to the CPVC pipe section using an “All
Purpose Cement” suitable for PVC and
CPVC pipe. Use only the vent materials,
primer, and cement specified in Table 2C
to make the vent connections. Failure to
follow this warning could result in fire,
personal injury, or death.
NOTICE
NOTICE
WARNING
Use only cleaners, primers, and solvents
that are approved for the materials which
are joined together.
All PVC vent pipes must be glued, properly
supported, and the exhaust must be
pitched a minimum of a 1/4 inch per foot
back to the boiler (to allow drainage of
condensate).
Insulation should not be used on PVC
or CPVC venting materials. The use of
insulation will cause increased vent wall
temperatures, which could result in vent
pipe failure.
2.
Work from the boiler to vent or air termination. Do not
exceed the lengths given in this manual for the air or vent
piping.
Cut pipe to the required lengths and deburr the inside
and outside of the pipe ends.
3.
Chamfer outside of each pipe end to ensure even
cement distribution when joining.
4.
Clean all pipe ends and fittings using a clean dry rag.
(Moisture will retard curing and dirt or grease will
prevent adhesion.)
5.
Dry fit vent or air piping to ensure proper fit up before
assembling any joint. The pipe should go a third to
two-thirds into the fitting to ensure proper sealing after
cement is applied.
6.
Priming and Cementing:
a. Handle fittings and pipes carefully to prevent
contamination of surfaces.
b. Apply a liberal even coat of primer to the fitting
socket and to the pipe end to approximately 1/2"
beyond the socket depth.
c. Apply a second primer coat to the fitting socket.
d.
e.
f.
Table 2C PVC/CPVC Vent Pipe, and Fittings
Approved PVC/CPVC Vent Pipe and Fittings
Item
Material
Standard
PVC Schedule 40, 80 ANSI/ASTM D1785
Vent pipe
PVC - DWV
g.
While primer is still wet, apply an even coat of
approved cement to the pipe equal to the depth of
the fitting socket along with an even coat of
approved cement to the fitting socket.
Apply a second coat of cement to the pipe.
While the cement is still wet, insert the pipe into
the fitting, if possible twist the pipe a 1/4 turn as
you insert it. NOTE: If voids are present,
sufficient cement was not applied and joint could
be defective.
Wipe excess cement from the joint removing ring or
beads as it will needlessly soften the pipe.
Figure 2-6 Near Boiler PVC/CPVC Venting
ANSI/ASTM D2665
CPVC Schedule 40, 80 ANSI/ASTM F441
PVC Schedule 40
Vent fittings
ANSI/ASTM D2466
PVC Schedule 80
ANSI/ASTM D2467
CPVC Schedule 80
ANSI/ASTM F439
Pipe Cement / PVC
Primer
CPVC
ANSI/ASTM D2564
ANSI/ASTM F493
NOTICE: DO NOT USE CELLULAR (FOAM) CORE PIPE
NOTE: In Canada, CPVC and PVC vent pipe, fittings and cement/
primer must be ULC-S636 certified.
19
Installation & Operation Manual
2
General venting
Polypropylene
WARNING
This product has been approved for use with polypropylene
vent with the manufacturers listed in Table 2D.
All terminations must comply with listed options in this
manual and be a single-wall vent offering.
For use of flex pipe, it is recommended to have the vent material
in 32°F or higher ambient space before bending at installation.
No bends should be made to greater than 45° and ONLY
installed in vertical or near vertical installations.
NOTICE
For support and special connections required, see the
manufacturer's instructions. All vent is to conform to standard
diameter and equivalent length requirements established.
NOTICE
Table 2D Polypropylene Vent Pipe and Fittings
Use only the adapters and vent system listed
in Tables 2E and 2F. DO NOT mix vent
systems of different types or manufacturers.
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
Installations must comply with applicable
national, state, and local codes. For
Canadian installation, polypropylene vent
must be listed as a ULC-S636 approved
system.
Installation of a polypropylene vent system
should adhere to the vent manufacturer’s
installation instructions supplied with the
vent system.
Approved Polypropylene Vent Manufacturers
Make
Model
Centrotherm Eco Systems
Duravent (M & G Group)
NOTICE
WARNING
InnoFlue SW/Flex
PolyPro Single-Wall / PolyPro Flex
The installer must use a specific vent
starter adapter at the flue collar connection,
supplied by the vent manufacturer to
adapt to its vent system. See Table 2E for
approved vent adapters. Discard CPVC
starter piece.
Figure 2-7 Near Boiler Polypropylene Venting
Insulation should not be used on
polypropylene venting materials. The use
of insulation will cause increased vent wall
temperatures, which could result in vent
pipe failure.
Table 2E Approved PolypropyleneTerminations
Duravent Polypro
Centrotherm InnoFlue SW
Model
Polypropylene
Adapter
Joint
Sidewall Retaining
Connector
Bracket*
Sidewall
Adapter*
Polypropylene
Adapter
6PPS-06PVCM6PPF
* These parts are only needed if the sidewall termination assembly is used (see FIG. 3-4B on page 24).
1000 -1500
20
ISAAL0606
Not Required
IATP0606
ISTAGL0606
Joint
Connector
Sidewall
Kit*
N/A
6PPS-HLK
Installation & Operation Manual
2
General venting
(continued)
Stainless steel vent
This product has been approved for use with stainless steel
using only FasNSeal vent systems.
WARNING
NOTICE
NOTICE
NOTICE
Use only the materials, vent systems, and
terminations listed in Table 2F. DO NOT
mix vent systems of different types or
manufacturers. Failure to comply could
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Figure 2-8 Near Boiler Stainless Steel Venting
NOTICE PVC/CPVC or ABS is acceptable air inlet pipe material.
The installer must use a specific vent
starter adapter at the flue collar connection,
supplied by the vent manufacturer to
adapt to its vent system. See Table 2F for
approved vent adapters. Discard CPVC
starter piece.
Installations must comply with applicable
national, state, and local codes. Stainless
steel vent systems must be listed as a
UL-1738 approved system for the United
States and a ULC-S636 approved system
for Canada.
Installation of a stainless steel vent system
should adhere to the stainless steel vent
manufacturer’s installation instructions
supplied with the vent system.
The SYNC uses model specific combustion air intake and vent
piping sizes as detailed in Tables 2A and 2B.
NOTICE
Increasing or decreasing combustion air
or vent piping to sizes not specified in this
manual is not authorized.
Table 2F Approved Stainless Steel Terminations and Adapters
STAINLESS STEEL VENT TERMINATION KITS
Model
Kit Part Number
Component Description
6" PVC x 6" Stainless Steel Adapter
SB 1000 - 1500
6" Stainless Steel Vent Termination
100157602
6" Stainless Steel Air Inlet
6" PVC x 6" Stainless Steel Adapter
6" Stainless Steel x 7" Stainless Steel Adapters (2)
SB 1300 - 1500
100157603
7" Stainless Steel Vent Termination
7" Stainless Steel Air Inlet
METAL FAB
Model
S.S. Adapter
Flue Termination
Intake Air
Termination
SB 1000 - 1500
6FCGLXL
6FCGSWMC
6FCGSWC
6FCGSW90L
HE-6MC-F
HE-6E90-F
ICC
SB 1000 - 1500
HE-6DSA-F
21
Installation & Operation Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
Vent/air termination – sidewall
WARNING
WARNING
Follow instructions below when
determining vent location to avoid
possibility of severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
A gas vent extending through an exterior
wall shall not terminate adjacent to a wall
or below building extensions such as eaves,
parapets, balconies, or decks. Failure to
comply could result in severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
Figure
3-1A
PVC/CPVC/Centrotherm Sidewall
Termination of Air and Vent
TO BOILER
INTAKE AIR
CONNECTION
Note: Available in 6"
diameter only.
FROM BOILER
VENT PIPE
CONNECTION
12"
MIN
TO
OVERHANG
POSSIBLE ORIENTATIONS
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
12"
MIN
Determine location
Locate the vent/air terminations using the following guidelines:
1. The total length of piping for vent or air must not exceed
the limits given in the General Venting Section on page 16
of this manual.
2.
GRADE OR
SNOW LINE
Table 3A CPVC/PVC Sidewall Vent Kits
Model
Kit Number
Vent Size
1.0 - 1.5
100157612
6 inch vent
You must consider the surroundings when terminating
If using the alternate sidewall termination:
the vent and air:
a. Position the vent termination where vapors will 3. The air piping must terminate in a down-turned elbow
not damage nearby shrubs, plants or air
as shown in FIG. 3-1B. This arrangement avoids
conditioning equipment or be objectionable.
recirculation of flue products into the combustion air
b. The flue products will form a noticeable plume as
stream.
they condense in cold air. Avoid areas where the
4. The vent piping must terminate in an elbow pointed
plume could obstruct window views.
outward or away from the air inlet, as shown in FIG. 3-1B.
c. Prevailing winds could cause freezing of
Do not exceed the maximum lengths of the
condensate and water/ice buildup where flue
WARNING outside vent piping shown in FIG.’s 3-1B
products impinge on building surfaces or plants.
and 3-1C. Excessive length exposed to the
d. Avoid possibility of accidental contact of flue
outside could cause freezing of condensate
products with people or pets.
in the vent pipe, resulting in potential boiler
e. Do not locate the terminations where wind eddies
shutdown.
could affect performance or cause recirculation,
such as inside building corners, near adjacent
Figure 3-1B Alternate Sidewall Termination of Air and
buildings or surfaces, window wells, stairwells,
Vent w/Field Supplied Fittings
alcoves, courtyards, or other recessed areas.
WARNING
f.
g.
22
Sidewall vent and air inlet terminations
must terminate in the same pressure zone.
Do not terminate above any door or window.
Condensate can freeze, causing ice formations.
Locate or guard vent to prevent condensate damage
to exterior finishes.
Installation & Operation Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
(continued)
Vent/air termination – sidewall
Figure 3-2A Clearance to Gravity Air Inlets
Figure 3-1C Alternate Stainless Steel Sidewall
Termination w/Field Supplied Fittings
NOTICE PVC/CPVC or ABS is acceptable air inlet pipe material.
12"
MIN.
TO BOILER INTAKE
AIR CONNECTION
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
12"
MIN.
12" (305 MM) MIN
15" (381 MM) MAX
FROM BOILER VENT
PIPE CONNECTION
12" (305 MM) MIN
12"
MIN.
Figure 3-2B Alternate Clearance to Gravity Air
w/Field Supplied Fittings
Inlets
Table 3B Stainless Steel Sidewall Vent Kits
Model
Kit Number
Vent Size
1.0 - 1.5
100157602
(Stainless Steel)
6 inch vent
1.3 - 1.5
100157603
(Stainless Steel)
7 inch vent
5.
Maintain clearances as shown in FIG.’s 3-1A thru 3-4B,
pages 22 and 24. Also maintain the following:
a. Vent must terminate:
• At least 6 feet (1.8 m) from adjacent walls.
• No closer than 12 inches (305 mm) below roof
overhang.
• At least 7 feet (2.1 m) above any public walkway.
• At least 3 feet (.9 m) above any forced air intake
within 10 feet (3 m).
• No closer than 12 inches (305 mm) below or
horizontally from any door or window or any
other gravity air inlet.
b. Air inlet must terminate at least 12 inches (305 m)
above grade or snow line; at least 12 inches
(305 mm) below the vent termination; and the vent
pipe must not extend more than 24 inches (610 mm)
vertically outside the building as shown in FIG.’s
3-1B and 3-1C.
c. Do not terminate closer than 4 feet (1.2 m)
horizontally from any electric meter, gas meter,
regulator, relief valve, or other equipment. Never
terminate above or below any of these within 4 feet
(1.2 m) horizontally.
6. Locate terminations so they are not likely to be damaged
by foreign objects, such as stones or balls, or subject to
buildup of leaves or sediment.
12” (305 MM)
MIN
BIRD
SCREEN
(TYPICAL)
12” (305 MM)
MIN
12” (305 MM)
MIN
Figure 3-3A Clearance to Forced Air Inlets
IF LESS
THAN 10’
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
36"
MIN.
FORCED AIR
INLET
7' MIN. ABOVE ANY
PUBLIC WALKWAY
23
Installation & Operation Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
Figure 3-3B Alternate Clearance to Forced Air Inlets w/
Field Supplied Fittings
IF LESS
THAN 10’ (3 M)
36” (914 MM)
MIN
8. PVC/CPVC terminations are designed to accommodate any
wall thickness of standard constructions per the directions
found in this manual.
9. Stainless steel terminations are designed to penetrate walls
with a thickness up to 9.25 inches of standard construction.
Figure 3-4A PVC/CPVC Sidewall Termination Assembly
FORCED AIR
INLET
VENT
AIR
BIRD
SCREEN
(TYPICAL)
7’ (2.1 M) MIN ABOVE ANY
PUBLIC WALKWAY
AIR PIPING
CENTERLINE WIDTH
VENT PIPING
VENT PLATE
WALL PLATE
Prepare wall penetrations
1.
GALVANIZED
THIMBLE
Use the factory supplied wall plate as a template to locate
the vent and air intake holes and mounting holes.
Air pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the air pipe. Size the air pipe hole as
close as desired to the air pipe outside
diameter.
Vent pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the vent pipe. For either combustible
or noncombustible construction, size the vent pipe
hole with at least a 1/2 inch clearance around the
vent pipe outer diameter:
• 7½ inch hole for 6 inch vent pipe
• 8½ inch hole for 7 inch vent pipe
Table 3C Sidewall Vent Centerline Dimensions
Model
Air
Vent
Centerline Width
All
6"
6"
7 3/4"
Figure 3-4B Polypropylene Sidewall Termination Assembly
SIDEWALL
ADAPTER
(AIR)
Drill 3/16" diameter holes for inserting the plastic
anchors into the wall.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
VENT CAP
For Polypropylene Only: Install the vent and air intake
sidewall adapters from Table 2E on page 20 into the vent
plate. Slide the sidewall retaining bracket down the
sidewall adapters flush to the vent plate (FIG. 3-4B).
For PVC/CPVC Only: Install the vent and air intake
piping through the wall into the vent plate openings.
Use RTV silicone sealant to seal the air pipe. Use the
cement/primer listed in Table 2C on page 19 to seal the
vent pipe.
Mount and secure the vent plate to the wall, using stainless
steel screws.
Seal all gaps between the pipes and wall. Seal around the
plate to the wall assuring no air gaps.
Assemble the vent cap to the vent plate (see FIG.’s 3-4A
and 3-4B). Insert the stainless steel screws into the vent
cap screw hole openings and securely attach the vent cap
to the vent plate.
Seal all wall cavities.
24
WALL
PLATE
SIDEWALL
RETAINING
PLATE
VENT
PLATE
VENT
CAP
SIDEWALL
ADAPTER
(VENT)
GALVANIZED
THIMBLE
IMG00085
Installation & Operation Manual
3
Sidewall direct venting
(continued)
Prepare wall penetrations (Alternate
Field Supplied Options)
1.
Air pipe penetration (see FIG. 3-4B):
a. Cut a hole for the air pipe. Size the air pipe hole as
close as desired to the air pipe outside diameter.
2.
Vent pipe penetration (see FIG. 3-4B):
a. Cut a hole for the vent pipe. For either combustible
or noncombustible construction, size the vent pipe
hole with at least a 1/2 inch clearance around the vent
pipe outer diameter:
• 7½ inch (178 mm) hole for 6 inch (152 mm) vent
pipe
• 8½ inch (203 mm) hole for 7 inch (178 mm) vent
pipe
b.
Insert a galvanized metal thimble in the vent pipe
hole (when required by local codes).
3. Use a sidewall termination plate as a template for correct
location of hole centers.
4. Follow all local codes for isolation of vent pipe when
passing through floors or walls.
5. Seal exterior openings thoroughly with exterior caulk.
Multiple vent/air terminations
1. When terminating multiple SYNC boilers terminate
each vent/air connection as described in this manual
(FIG. 3-5A).
WARNING
All vent pipes and air inlets must
terminate at the same height to avoid
possibility of severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
2. Place wall penetrations to obtain minimum clearance of
12 inches (305 mm) between vent pipe and adjacent air
inlet elbow, as shown in FIG. 3-5A for U.S. installations.
For Canadian installations, provide clearances required
by CSA B149.1 Installation Code.
3. The air inlet of a SYNC is part of a direct vent connection.
It is not classified as a forced air intake with regard to
spacing from adjacent boiler vents.
Figure 3-5A Multiple Vent Terminations (must also
comply with Figure 3-1A)
12" MIN. BETWEEN EDGE OF AIR
INLET AND ADJACENT VENT OUTLET
VENT
Figure 3-4C Alternate Sidewall Termination Assembly
PVC/CPVC or Stainless Steel
SIDEWALL
TERMINATION PLATE
VENT
PIPING
AIR
GALVANIZED
THIMBLE (WHEN REQUIRED BY LOCAL CODES)
ELBOW
AIR PIPING
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
Figure 3-5B Alternate Multiple Vent Terminations w/Field
Supplied Fittings (must also comply with Figure 3-1B)
BIRD SCREEN
VENT
ELBOW
BIRD SCREEN
12” (305 MM) MIN
15” (381 MM) MAX
12” (305 MM) MIN. BETWEEN EDGE
OF AIR PIPE AND ADJACENT VENT
PIPE
AIR
25
Installation & Operation Manual
4
Vertical direct venting
Vent/air termination – vertical
WARNING
Follow instructions below when
determining vent location to avoid
possibility of severe personal injury, death
or substantial property damage.
Figure 4-1 PVC/CPVC/Polypropylene Vertical Termination
of Air and Vent
ALTERNATE INTAKE LOCATIONS:
INTAKE PIPES MAY BE LOCATED
ANYWHERE WITHIN 24" (610 MM)
OF VENT PIPE
BIRD SCREEN
(TYPICAL)
Determine location
Locate the vent/air terminations using the following
guidelines:
1. The total length of piping for vent or air must not exceed
the limits given in the General Venting Section on page
16 of this manual.
2. Prepare the vent termination and the air termination
elbow (FIG. 4-1) by inserting bird screens. Bird screens
should be obtained locally.
ALTERNATE INTAKE LOCATIONS:
INTAKE PIPES MAY BE LOCATED
ANYWHERE WITHIN 24” (610 MM)
OF VENT PIPE
6" (152 MM) MINIMUM
ABOVE ROOF /
SNOW LINE
COM,BUSTION
AIR
VENT OUTLET
36” (914 MM) MINIMUM
ABOVE AIR INLET
5. Locate terminations so they are not likely to be damaged
by foreign objects, such as stones or balls, or subject to
buildup of leaves or sediment.
Prepare roof penetrations
1.
2.
Rooftop vent and air inlet terminations
must terminate in the same pressure
zone, unless vertical vent sidewall air is
set up as shown in the General Venting Vertical Vent, Sidewall Air Section.
3.
4.
26
BIRD SCREEN
(TYPICAL)
VENT
7. Do not extend exposed vent pipe outside of building
more than shown in this document. Condensate could
freeze and block vent pipe.
WARNING
COMBUSTION
AIR
Figure 4-2 Stainless Steel Vertical Termination of Air
and Vent
4. The air piping must terminate in a down-turned 180°
return pipe no further than 2 feet from the center of the
vent pipe. This placement avoids recirculation of flue
products into the combustion air stream.
6. Maintain the required dimensions of the finished
termination piping as shown in FIG. 4-1.
6" (152 MM) MINIMUM
ABOVE ROOF /
SNOW LINE
VENT OUTLET
12" MINIMUM
ABOVE AIR INLET
3. The vent must terminate at least 3 feet above the highest
place in which the vent penetrates the roof and at least
2 feet above any part of a building within 10 horizontal
feet.
5. The vent piping must terminate in an up-turned coupling
as shown in FIG. 4-1. The top of the coupling must be
at least 1 foot above the air intake. When the vent
termination uses a rain cap as illustrated in FIG. 4-1
maintain at least 36" (914 mm) above the air inlet. The
air inlet pipe and vent pipe can be located in any desired
position on the roof, but must always be no further than
2 feet (.6 m) apart and with the vent termination at least
1 foot for PVC and 3 feet for stainless steel, above the air
intake.
VENT
COUPLING
(FIELD SUPPLIED)
5.
Air pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the air pipe. Size the air pipe hole as
close as desired to the air pipe outside diameter.
Vent pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the vent pipe. For either combustible
or noncombustible construction, size the vent pipe
hole with at least a 1/2 inch clearance around the
vent pipe outer diameter:
• 7½ inch (178 mm) hole for 6 inch (152 mm) vent
pipe
• 8½ inch (203 mm) hole for 7 inch (178 mm) vent
pipe
b. Insert a galvanized metal thimble in the vent pipe
hole (when required by local codes).
Space the air and vent holes to provide the minimum
spacing shown in FIG.’s 4-1 and 4-2.
Follow all local codes for isolation of vent pipe when
passing through floors, ceilings, and roofs.
Provide flashing and sealing boots sized for the vent pipe
and air pipe.
Installation & Operation Manual
4
Vertical direct venting
(continued)
Multiple vent/air terminations
Figure 4-3 Vertical Terminations with Multiple Boilers
1. When terminating multiple SYNC boilers, terminate
each vent/air connection as described in this manual
(FIG. 4-3).
WARNING
Terminate all vent pipes at the same
height and all air pipes at the same height
to avoid recirculation of flue products and
the possibility of severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
2. Place roof penetrations to obtain minimum clearance of
12 inches (305 mm) between edge of air intake elbow and
adjacent vent pipe of another boiler for U.S. installations
(see FIG. 4-3). For Canadian installations, provide
clearances required by CSA B149.1 Installation Code.
3. The air inlet of a SYNC boiler is part of a direct vent
connection. It is not classified as a forced air intake with
regard to spacing from adjacent boiler vents.
12" (305 MM) MINIMUM
VERTICALLY FROM VENT
OUTLET TO ANY AIR INLET
VENT
AIR
12" (305 MM) MINIMUM FROM EDGE
OF AIR INTAKE PIPE TO ADJACENT
VENT PIPE FROM ANOTHER BOILER
VENT
AIR
Figure 4-4 Alternate Vertical Terminations with Multiple
Boilers
VENT
VENT
12" (305 MM) MINIMUM
VERTICALLY FROM VENT
OUTLET TO ANY AIR INLET
AIR
AIR
27
Installation & Operation Manual
5
Hydronic piping
System water piping methods
The SYNC is designed to function in a closed loop pressurized
system not less than 12 psi (83 kPa). A temperature and
pressure gauge is included to monitor system pressure and
outlet temperature and should be located on the boiler outlet.
It is important to note that the boiler has a pressure drop
which must be figured in when sizing the circulators. Each
boiler installation must have an air elimination device, which
will remove air from the system. Install the boiler so the
gas ignition system components are protected from water
(dripping, spraying, etc.) during appliance operation or basic
service of circulator replacement, valves, and others.
Observe a minimum of 1/4 inch (6 mm) clearance around
all un-insulated hot water pipes when openings around the
pipes are not protected by non-combustible materials.
General piping information
All boiler piping must contain an oxygen
IMPORTANT barrier. This will help prevent any excess
oxygen from entering the system.
Basic steps are listed below along with illustrations on the
following pages (FIG.’s 5-5 and 5-6), which will guide you
through the installation of the SYNC (reference FIG.s 5-1A and
5-1B).
1.
Connect the system returns marked “Inlet”, make sure to
install with pipe sealant compound.
2.
Connect the system supply marked “Outlet”, make sure to
install with pipe sealant compound.
3.
Install purge and balance valve or shutoff valve and drain
on system return to purge air out of each zone.
4.
Install a backflow preventer on the cold feed make-up
water line.
5.
Install a pressure reducing valve on the cold feed make-up
water line, (15 psi (103 kPa) nominal). Check temperature
and pressure gauge (shipped separately), which should read
a minimum pressure of 12 psi (83 kPa).
6.
Install the circulators as shown on the piping diagrams in
this section. Make sure the circulators are properly sized
for the system and friction loss. Install check valves with
each boiler circulator.
7.
Install an expansion tank on the system supply. Consult the
tank manufacturer’s instruction for specific information
relating to tank installation. Size the expansion tank for the
required system volume and capacity.
8.
Install an air elimination device on the system supply.
9.
Install a drain valve at the lowest point of the system.
Note: The boiler cannot be drained completely of water
without purging the unit with an air pressure of 15 psi
(103 kPa).
Low water cutoff device
An electronic low water cutoff is provided as standard
equipment on all models. The low water cutoff should be
inspected every 6 months.
Chilled water system
If the boiler supplies hot water to heating coils in air handler
units, flow control valves or other devices must be installed to
prevent gravity circulation of heater water in the coils during
the cooling cycle. A chilled water medium must be piped in
parallel with the heater.
Freeze protection
Freeze protection for new or existing systems must use
glycol that is specially formulated for this purpose. This
includes inhibitors, which prevent the glycol from attacking
the metallic system components. Make certain to check that
the system fluid is correct for the glycol concentration and
inhibitor level. The system should be tested at least once
a year and as recommended by the producer of the glycol
solution. Allowance should be made for the expansion of the
glycol solution in the system piping.
Use only inhibited propylene glycol
WARNING
solutions, which are specifically formulated
for hydronic systems. Ethylene glycol is
toxic and can attack gaskets and seals used
in hydronic systems.
10. This appliance is supplied with a relief valve sized in
accordance with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code,
Section IV (“Heating Boilers”). The safety relief valve is
installed at the factory and is located on the rear of the
boiler. Pipe the discharge of the safety relief valve to
prevent injury in the event of pressure relief. Pipe the
discharge to a drain. Provide piping that is the same size as
the safety relief valve outlet. Never block the outlet of the
safety relief valve.
11. It is recommended to install an inlet water strainer to
prevent debris from entering the heat exchanger or system.
See the piping illustrations included in this section, FIG.’s 5-5
and 5-6 for suggested guidelines in piping the SYNC.
NOTICE
28
Please note that these illustrations are meant
to show system piping concept only, the
installer is responsible for all equipment and
detailing required by local codes.
Installation & Operation Manual
5
Hydronic piping
(continued)
Circulator sizing
The SYNC heat exchanger does have a pressure drop, which must be considered in your system design. Refer to the graph in
FIG. 5-4 for pressure drop through the SYNC heat exchanger.
Near boiler piping connections
Figure 5-1A Near Boiler Piping w/Y-Strainer
Figure 5-1B Near Boiler Piping w/Low Loss Header
29
Installation & Operation Manual
5
Hydronic piping
Hot Water Generator pump sizing
The SYNC has two (2) heat exchangers that require two (2) individual pumps for proper installation in the boiler loop and an
additional two (2) pumps for the Hot Water Generator loop.
Hot Water Pump Head Loss = Ft. of Head for Heat Exchanger 1 (at required flow) + Ft. of Head for the Hot Water Generator
(at 2 X the flow of Heat Exchanger 1)
Example:
Boiler: SB1500
A T of 30° requires a flow through each heat exchanger of 51 GPM. The heat exchanger head loss is 18 ft. of head (see Table
5A).
Coupled with a Lochinvar Hot Water Generator with a 8-42 (diameter-length) tube bundle the calculated pressure drop is
1.2 Ft. of Head at 102 GPM.
Hot Water Pump Head Loss = 18 Ft/Hd (51 GPM) + 1.2 Ft/Hd (102 GPM) = 19.2 Ft/Hd
A pump will need to be selected to flow 51 GPM with a head loss of 19.2 Ft/Hd.
Figure 5-2 Boiler Schematic
TO SYSTEM
FROM SYSTEM
HEAT EXCHANGER 2
BOILER PUMP
HEAT EXCHANGER 1
BOILER PUMP
AIR COVER
HOT WATER
GENERATOR
HEAT EXCHANGER 1
HOT WATER PUMP
51 GPM
102 GPM
102 GPM
HEAT EXCHANGER 2
HOT WATER PUMP
51 GPM
Figure 5-3 Pump Configuration
FROM SYSTEM
FROM SYSTEM
OK
30
TO BOILER
INLETS
TO BOILER
INLETS
NO
Installation & Operation Manual
5
Hydronic piping
(continued)
Figure 5-4 Pressure Drop vs. Flow
Pressure Drop vs Flow
Pressure Drop (Feet of Head)
Single Heat Exchanger Only
60
50
40
SB1500
30
SB1300
SB1000
20
10
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Flow Rate (GPM) - Single Heat Exchanger Only
Table 5A Sizing Information for Temperature Rise Applications_20°F, 25°F, 30°F and 35°F
TEMPERATURE RISE APPLICATIONS
Model
MINIMUM PIPE
SIZE
3"
3"
3"
20°F
FT/HD
31
30
33
GPM
40
52
60
25°F
FT/HD
20
20
23
Pump sizing and flow requirements are
based on 20 feet (6 m) of black iron piping, 4
- 90° elbows, and 2 - fully ported ball valves.
*When using copper with a 20° temperature
rise increase piping to 3".
NOTICE
It is required that near boiler piping systems
utilize Primary/Secondary configurations as
shown in FIG.’s 5-5 and 5-6 only. The use of
other near boiler piping configurations could
result in improper building and system flow
rates leading to inadvertent boiler high limit
shutdowns and poor system performance.
Near boiler piping components
1. Boiler piping:
Boiler system piping MUST be sized per the pipe
requirements listed in Table 5A. Reducing the pipe size
can restrict the flow rate through the boiler, causing
inadvertent high limit shutdowns and poor system
performance.
2. Boiler circulating pump:
Field supplied. The boiler circulating pump MUST be
sized to meet the specified minimum flow requirements
listed in FIG. 5-4.
3. Hot Water Generator circulating pump:
Field supplied. The pump MUST be sized to meet
the specified minimum flow requirements listed in
FIG. 5-4.
Consult the indirect boiler operating
guide to determine flow characteristics for the selected
product used.
4. Boiler isolation valves:
Field supplied. Full port ball valves are required. Failure
to use full port ball valves could result in a restricted flow
rate through the boiler.
GPM
38
45
51
30°F
FT/HD
18
16
18
35°F
FT/HD
1000
13
1300
11
1500
12
Note: The information contained in this table reflects calculations for a single heat exchanger and not the combined flow and pressure drop.
NOTICE
GPM
55
65*
74*
GPM
32
37
42
5. Check valves:
Field supplied.
Check valves are required for
installation as shown in FIG.’s 5-5 and 5-6. Failure to
install check valves could result in a reverse flow condition
during pump(s) off cycle.
6. Domestic indirect hot water isolation valves:
Field supplied.
Full port ball valves are
required. Failure to use full port ball valves could
result in a restricted flow rate through the boiler.
7. Anti-scald mixing valve:
Field supplied.
An anti-scald mixing valve is
recommended when storing domestic hot water above
115°F (46°C).
8. Unions:
Field supplied. Recommended for unit serviceability.
9. Pressure relief valve:
Factory supplied. The pressure relief valve is sized to
ASME specifications.
10. System temperature sensor:
Lochinvar supplies a system temperature sensor.
The sensor is to be installed in the heating loop
downstream from the boiler hot water piping and
heating loop junction.
The sensor should be
located far enough downstream to sense system diluted
water temperature.
NOTICE
A system supply sensor (factory supplied)
MUST BE installed for proper boiler
operation.
11. Y-Strainer:
Field supplied. A Y-strainer or equivalent multipurpose
strainer is recommended at the inlet of the heat exchanger
to remove system particles from older hydronic systems and
protect newer systems.
31
Installation & Operation Manual
5
Hydronic piping
Figure 5-5 Single Boiler - Primary/Secondary Piping
NOTICE
NOTICE
NOTICE
32
A system supply sensor (factory
supplied) MUST BE installed for proper
boiler operation.
Please note that these illustrations are meant to show system piping concept only, the installer is responsible
for all equipment. The installer must follow all manufacturer’s instructions for each system component. The
installer is responsible for compliance with local codes.
System flow should always remain higher than the required flow for the boiler(s) when the boiler(s) is in
operation to prevent short cycling and high limit issues.
Installation & Operation Manual
5
Hydronic piping
(continued)
Figure 5-6 Multiple Boilers - Primary/Secondary Piping
Model
2
1000
1300
1500
4 (102)
5 (127)
5 (127)
Number of Units
3
4
5
6
7
Manifold Pipe Sizes in Inches (mm)
5 (127)
5 (127)
6 (152)
6 (152)
6 (152)
6 (152)
NOTICE
NOTICE
NOTICE
6 (152)
8 (203)
8 (203)
8 (203)
8 (203)
8 (203)
8 (203)
8 (203)
8 (203)
8
8 (203)
8 (203)
10 (254)
A system supply sensor (factory
supplied) MUST BE installed for proper
boiler operation.
Please note that these illustrations are meant to show system piping concept only, the installer is responsible
for all equipment. The installer must follow all manufacturer’s instructions for each system component. The
installer is responsible for compliance with local codes.
System flow should always remain higher than the required flow for the boiler(s) when the boiler(s) is in
operation to prevent short cycling and high limit issues.
33
Installation & Operation Manual
6
Gas connections
Connecting gas supply piping
1. Refer to FIG. 6-1 to pipe gas to the boiler.
a. Install ground joint union for servicing, when
required.
b. In Canada – When using manual main shutoff
valves, it must be identified by the installer.
2. Install sediment trap / drip leg.
Figure 6-1 Gas Supply Piping
WARNING
Ensure that the high gas pressure
regulator is at least 10 feet (3 m) upstream
of the appliance.
3. Support piping with hangers, not by the boiler or its
accessories.
The gas valve and blower will not support
WARNING the weight of the piping. Do not attempt
to support the weight of the piping with
the boiler or its accessories. Failure to
comply could result in severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
4. Purge all air from the gas supply piping.
5. Before placing the boiler in operation, check the boiler
and its gas connection for leaks.
a. The appliance must be disconnected from the gas
supply piping system during any pressure testing of
that system at a test pressure in excess of 1/2 PSIG
(3.5 kPa).
b.
The appliance must be isolated from the gas supply
piping system by closing a manual shutoff valve
during any pressure testing of the gas supply piping
system at test pressures equal to or less than 1/2 PSIG
(3.5 kPa).
c.
The appliance and its gas connection must be leak
tested before placing it in operation.
WARNING
Do not check for gas leaks with an open
flame – use the bubble test. Failure to
use the bubble test or check for gas leaks
can cause severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
6. Use pipe sealing compound compatible with propane
gases. Apply sparingly only to male threads of the pipe
joints so that pipe dope does not block gas flow.
WARNING Failure to apply pipe sealing compound as
detailed in this manual can result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
34
Installation & Operation Manual
6
Gas connections
WARNING
(continued)
Use two wrenches when tightening gas
piping at boiler (FIG. 6-2), using one
wrench to prevent the boiler gas line
connection from turning. Failure to
support the boiler gas connection pipe
to prevent it from turning could damage
gas line components.
Figure 6-2 Inlet Pipe with Backup Wrench
Natural gas supply pressure requirements
1. Pressure required at the gas valve inlet pressure port:
• Maximum 14 inches w.c. (3.5 kPa) with no flow
(lockup) or with boiler on.
• Minimum 5 inches w.c. (1.25 kPa) for 1.0 models with gas
flowing (verify during boiler startup).
• Minimum 4 inches w.c. (.99 kPa) for 1.3 - 1.5 models with
gas flowing (verify during boiler startup).
2. Install 100% lockup gas pressure regulator in supply line
if inlet pressure can exceed 14 inches w.c. (3.5 kPa) at any
time. Adjust lockup regulator for 14 inches w.c. (3.5 kPa)
maximum.
Propane Gas:
WARNING
Check boiler rating plate to determine which
fuel the boiler is set for. SYNC boilers CAN
NOT be field converted. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage.
Pipe sizing for propane gas
1. Contact gas supplier to size pipes, tanks, and 100% lockup
gas pressure regulator.
Propane Supply Pressure Requirements
USE BACK UP WRENCH TO
PREVENT PIPE FROM ROTATING
NOTICE
Maximum inlet gas pressure must not
exceed the value specified. Minimum
value listed is for the purposes of input
adjustment.
Natural gas:
WARNING
Check boiler rating plate to determine
which fuel the boiler is set for. SYNC
boilers CANNOT be field converted.
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
1. Adjust propane supply regulator provided by the gas
supplier for 14 inches w.c. (3.5 kPa) maximum pressure.
2. Pressure required at gas valve inlet pressure port:
• Maximum 14 inches w.c. (3.5 kPa)with no flow (lockup)
or with boiler on.
• Minimum 8 inches w.c. (1.9 kPa) with gas flowing (verify
during boiler startup).
WARNING
Ensure that the high gas pressure regulator
is at least 10 feet (3 m) upstream of the
appliance.
Pipe sizing for natural gas
1. Refer to Table 6A for pipe length and diameter. Based on
rated boiler input (divide by 1,000 to obtain cubic feet per
hour).
a. Table 6A is only for natural gas with specific gravity
0.60 inches, with a pressure drop through the gas
piping of 0.30 inches w.c.
b. For additional gas pipe sizing information, refer to
ANSI Z223.1 (or B149.1 for Canadian installations).
35
Installation & Operation Manual
6
Gas connections
Table 6A Natural Gas Pipe Size Chart
Capacity of Schedule 40 Metallic Pipe in Cubic Feet of Natural Gas Per Hour
(based on .60 specific gravity, 0.30" w.c. pressure drop)
Pipe
Size
(Inches)
1/2
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
125
150
175
200
131
90
72
62
55
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
3/4
273
188
151
129
114
104
95
89
83
79
70
63
58
N/A
1
514
353
284
243
215
195
179
167
157
148
131
119
109
102
1 1/4
1,060
726
583
499
442
400
368
343
322
304
269
244
224
209
1 1/2
1,580
1,090
873
747
662
600
552
514
482
455
403
366
336
313
2
2 1/2
3,050
4,860
2,090 1,680 1,440 1,280 1,160 1,060 989
3,340 2,680 2,290 2,030 1,840 1,690 1,580
928
1,480
877
1,400
777
1,240
704
1,120
648
1,030
602
960
3
8,580
5,900 4,740 4,050 3,590 3,260 3,000 2,790
2,610
2,470
2,190
1,980
1,820
1,700
4
17,500 12,000 9,660 8,270 7,330 6,640 6,110 5,680
5,330
5,040
4,460
4,050
3,720
3,460
Length of Pipe in Straight Feet
Check inlet gas supply
NOTICE
WARNING
CSA or UL listed flexible gas connections are
acceptable, but you must exercise caution to
ensure that the line has adequate capacity to
allow your boiler to fire at full rate. Consult
with local codes for proper installation or
service procedures.
DO NOT adjust or attempt to measure gas
valve outlet pressure. Attempting to alter
or measure the gas valve outlet pressure
could result in damage to the valve, causing
potential severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
The gas piping must be sized for the proper flow and length of
pipe, to avoid excessive pressure drop. Both the gas meter and
the gas regulator must be properly sized for the total gas load.
If you experience a pressure drop greater than 1 inch w.c.
(249 Pa), the meter, regulator, or gas line is undersized or in
need of service. Perform the steps below when checking inlet
gas supply:
1.
Turn the main power switch to the “OFF” position.
2.
Shut off gas supply at the manual gas valve in the gas
piping to the appliance.
3.
Remove the 1/8" pipe plug on the flange to the field
supplied gas shutoff valve and install a suitable 1/8"
fitting (field supplied) for the manometer tubing. Place the
tubing of the manometer over the tap once the 1/8"
fitting is installed as shown in FIG. 6-3.
36
4.
Slowly turn on the gas supply at the field installed
manual gas valve.
5.
Turn the power switch to the “ON” position.
6.
Adjust the temperature set point on the control panel of
the SMART TOUCH control module to call for heat.
7.
Observe the gas supply pressure as the burner fires at
100% of rated input. Percent of burner input will be
displayed on the Burner Screen.
8.
Ensure inlet pressure is within specified range.
Minimum and maximum gas supply pressures are
specified in this section of the manual.
9.
If gas supply pressure is within normal range and no
adjustments are needed, proceed on to Step 11.
10. If the gas pressure is out of range, contact the gas utility,
gas supplier, qualified installer or service agency to
determine the necessary steps to provide proper gas
pressure to the control.
11. Turn the power switch to the “OFF” position.
12. Shut off the gas supply at the manual gas valve in the gas
piping to the appliance.
13. Remove the manometer from the pressure tap on top of
the gas valve. Remove the 1/8" (3 mm) field supplied
fitting and reinstall the pipe plug removed in Step 3.
Installation & Operation Manual
6
Gas connections
(continued)
Do not check for gas leaks with an open
WARNING flame -- use the bubble test. Failure to
use the bubble test or check for gas leaks
can cause severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
14. Turn on the gas supply at the manual gas valve.
15. Turn the power switch to the “ON” position.
16. Adjust the temperature set point on the control panel of
the SMART TOUCH control module to the desired
water temperature so the appliance will call for heat.
17. Check burner performance by cycling the system while
you observe burner response. The burner should ignite
promptly. Flame pattern should be stable. Turn system
off and allow burner to cool, then cycle burner again to
ensure proper ignition and flame characteristics.
Figure 6-3 Inlet Gas Supply Check
Gas Pressure
The gas pressure must remain between 4 inches w.c.
(.99 kPa) minimum (5 inches w.c. for 1.0 models) and
14 inches w.c. (3.5 kPa) maximum for Natural gas and
between 8 inches w.c. (1.9 kPa) minimum and 14 inches
w.c. (3.5 kPa) maximum for LP gas during standby
(static) mode and while in operating (dynamic) mode.
If an in-line regulator is used, it must be a minimum of
10 feet (3 m) from the SYNC boiler. It is very important
that the gas line is properly purged by the gas supplier or
utility company. Failure to properly purge the lines or
improper line sizing, will result in ignition failure.
The problem is especially noticeable in NEW LP
installations and also in empty tank situations. This can
also occur when a utility company shuts off service to an
area to provide maintenance to their lines.
Gas valve replacement
The gas valve MUST NOT be replaced with a
conventional gas valve under any circumstances. As
an additional safety feature, this gas valve has a flanged
connection to the venturi and blower.
WARNING
Failure to follow all precautions
could result in fire, explosion, or
death!
WARNING
DO NOT adjust or attempt to
measure gas valve outlet pressure.
Attempting to alter or measure
the gas valve outlet pressure could
result in damage to the valve,
causing potential severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
37
Installation & Operation Manual
7
Field wiring
WARNING
NOTICE
Installation must comply with:
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD – For
your safety, turn off electrical power supply
before making any electrical connections
to avoid possible electric shock hazard.
Failure to do so can cause severe personal
injury or death.
1. National Electrical Code and any other national, state,
provincial, or local codes, or regulations.
2. In Canada, CSA C22.1 Canadian Electrical Code Part 1,
and any local codes.
Wiring must be N.E.C. Class 1.
Line voltage connections
If original wiring as supplied with boiler
must be replaced, use only type 105°C
wire or equivalent.
1. Connect 120 VAC power wiring to the line voltage terminal
strip in the junction box, as shown in FIG. 7-1.
2. Provide and install a fused disconnect or service switch
(15 amp recommended) as required by the code (see
FIG. 7-1).
Boiler must be electrically grounded as
required by National Electrical Code
ANSI/NFPA 70 – latest edition.
CAUTION
3. When connecting hot water generator pumps connect
the wiring to the line voltage terminal strip as shown in
FIG. 7-1. Maximum current is 1.8 amps, install a field
supplied contactor.
Label all wires prior to disconnection when
servicing controls. Wiring errors can
cause improper and dangerous operation.
4. To activate a system pump, wire as shown in FIG. 7-1. Dry
contacts are sized for 1.5 hp/120V, 3 hp/240V or 18 amps.
5. To activate a louver, connect to the dry contacts provided.
Contacts are rated for 5 amps, 120V.
Figure 7-1 Line Voltage Field Wiring Connections
120V SUPPLY
NEUTRAL W
GROUND G
LINE
BK
SERVICE SWITCH
MODULE I
HOT WATER
GENERATOR
MODULE 2
HOT WATER
GENERATOR
W
G
L
W
PUMP CONTROL
G
L
BK
SYSTEM PUMP
1.5HP/120V, 3HP/240V
G
W
BK
MODULE I
BOILER PUMP
1.5HP/120V, 3HP/240V
G
W
BK
MODULE 2
BOILER PUMP
1.5HP/120V, 3HP/240V
G
W
L2/W
38
G
LI
Installation & Operation Manual
7
Field wiring
(continued)
Low voltage connections
1. Route all low voltage wires through the knockouts in the
rear of the boiler, as shown in FIG. 7-2.
2. Connect low voltage wiring to low voltage connection
board as shown in FIG. 7-3 on page 41 of this manual and
the boiler wiring diagram.
Figure 7-2 Routing Field Wiring
LOW VOLTAGE
WIRING KNOCKOUTS
LOW VOLTAGE
CONNECTION BOARD
Hot
Water
thermostat
Generator
(HW)
1. Connect the HW tank thermostat to the Tank Thermostat
terminals on the connection board (FIG. 7-3).
Hot Water Generator (HW) tank
sensor
1. By installing a HW tank sensor, the SMART TOUCH
control can perform the tank thermostat function. The
SMART TOUCH control automatically detects the
presence of this sensor, and generates a HW call for heat
when the tank temperature drops 6°F (3°C) below the
tank set point, and finishes the call for heat when the tank
temperature reaches the tank set point.
2. A 100170581 sensor MUST be used with any indirect
tank. Failure to use the correct sensor will result in the
tank temperature being either above or below the set
point. Connect the correct sensor to the Tank Sensor
terminals (see FIG. 7-3).
Louver proving switch
LINE VOLTAGE
WIRING KNOCKOUTS
Enable
1. Connect the room thermostat or boiler enable contacts
(isolated contact only) to terminals R and W, as shown in
FIG. 7-3.
2. If a thermostat is used, install the thermostat on the inside
wall away from influences of drafts, hot or cold water
pipes, lighting fixtures, television, sunlight, or fireplaces.
3. Thermostat anticipator (if applicable):
a. If connected directly to boiler, set for 0.1 amps.
b. If connected to relays or other devices, set to match
total electrical power requirements of connected
devices. See device manufacturers’ specifications
and thermostat instructions for details.
1. Louvers are used to provide combustion air for the room
air option. A louver proving switch should be installed on
the appropriate terminals and verified prior to operation
(see FIG. 7-3).
Flow switch (field supplied)
1. Flow switches are designed to prevent a no flow situation.
2. A flow switch may be used to guarantee flow through the
boiler before allowing it to fire. When used, the SYNC
boiler requires a flow switch to be installed on each inlet.
3. Remove the jumper wires from the terminals on the
connection board and connect these terminals to the
normally open contacts on the flow switches (FIG. 7-3).
Outdoor temperature sensor
1. Connect the outdoor temperature sensor (FIG. 7-3) to
the Outdoor Sensor terminals on the connection board to
enable outdoor reset operation of the SYNC.
2. Mount the sensor on an exterior wall, shielded from direct
sunlight or flow of heat or cooling from other sources.
3. Route sensor wires through a knockout at the rear of the
boiler (see FIG. 7-2).
39
Installation & Operation Manual
7
Field wiring
System supply sensor
Wiring of the cascade
1. By installing the system supply sensor into the supply
of the primary loop, the temperature of the system
supply can be controlled. The SMART TOUCH control
automatically detects the presence of this sensor, and
controls the boiler firing rate to maintain the system
supply temperature to the set point.
When wiring the boilers for Cascade operation, select one boiler
as the Leader boiler. The remaining boilers will be designated
as Members. See page 49 “Configuration of the Cascade” for a
detailed explanation of this procedure.
NOTICE
DO NOT INSTALL THE SYSTEM
SUPPLY SENSOR INTO THE SYSTEM
RETURN.
2. Connect these terminals to the system supply sensor
(FIG. 7-3).
NOTICE
A system supply sensor (factory supplied)
MUST BE installed for proper boiler
operation.
Boiler management system
1. An external control may be connected to control either
the firing rate or the set point of the boiler. Connect the
0 - 10 VDC terminals to the 0 - 10 VDC output of the
external control. The SMART TOUCH control can be
enabled using the Enable output (see page 39) or using
the voltage applied to the 0 - 10 VDC input. Reference
the SYNC Service Manual for more details.
2. Make sure the ground terminal is connected to the
ground output terminal of the external control, and the
0 - 10 VDC terminal is connected to the 0 - 10 VDC
terminal of the external control.
Runtime contacts
The SMART TOUCH control closes a set of dry contacts
whenever the burner is running. This is typically used by
Building Management Systems to verify that the boiler is
responding to a call for heat.
Alarm contacts
The SMART TOUCH control closes another set of contacts
whenever the boiler is locked out or the power is turned off.
This can be used to turn on an alarm, or signal a Building
Management System that the boiler is down. Note that these
contacts will close momentarily at the end of each call for heat
or at least every 24 hours.
40
Connect the system supply sensor and outdoor air sensor (if
used) to the Leader boiler. For the Cascade system to work
properly the system supply sensor must be installed.
NOTICE
A system supply sensor (factory supplied)
MUST BE installed for proper boiler
operation.
The location of the system supply sensor should be downstream
of the boiler connections in the main system loop (FIG.’s 5-5
and 5-6). The system supply sensor should be wired to the Low
Voltage Connection Board at the terminals marked for the
system supply sensor (see FIG. 7-3). The Leader control will use
the water temperature at the system supply sensor to control the
operation of the Cascade.
If outdoor air reset is desired, the outdoor air sensor should be
wired to the Low Voltage Connection Board at the terminals
marked for the outdoor air sensor on the Leader boiler
(FIG. 7-3). If the outdoor air sensor is connected, the Leader
control will calculate the water temperature set point based
on the programmed reset curve parameters. If the outdoor air
sensor is not connected, the Leader control will maintain the
fixed water temperature set point that is programmed into the
control.
If a Thermostat or Zone Control enable output is available, it
should be wired to the Low Voltage Connection Board on the
Leader boiler at the terminals marked Enable (FIG. 7-3). If the
boilers are to run continuously, connect a jumper wire between
the R and W terminals at the Enable input. This will initiate a
call for heat on the Cascade. If the SMART TOUCH control
is being controlled by a Boiler Management System (BMS),
a call for heat may be initiated by the voltage applied to the
0 - 10 VDC input.
Communication between the Leader boiler and the Member
boilers is accomplished by using shielded, 2-wire twisted pair
communication cable. Connect one of the twisted pair wires
to terminal A on each of the Low Voltage Connection boards,
and the other wire of the twisted pair to terminal B on each
of the Low Voltage Connection Boards. Connect the shield
wires to one of the shield ground terminals on the Low Voltage
Connection Boards (FIG. 7-3). If more than two boilers are
on the Cascade, daisy chain the wiring from the Sequencing
terminals on the second boiler to the Sequencing terminals on
the third boiler, then from the third to the forth, and so on.
The connections between boilers can be made in any order,
regardless of the addresses of the boilers. Try to keep each cable
as short as possible.
TANK SENSOR
A
B
A
B
TO NEXT BOILER
SHIELD
SHIELD
MODBUS COMMUNICATION BUS
TO NEXT BOILER
23 OUT DOOR
24 SENSOR
25 TANK
26 SENSOR
27 SHIELD GND
28 B
29 A
30 SHIELD GND
21 SYSTEM
22 SENSOR
15 SHIELD GND
16 A
17 B
18 SHIELD GND
19 (+) 0 - 10V INPUT
20 (-)
LBL20052 REV B
10 FLOW SWITCH
11 TANK
12 THERMOSTAT
13 R
ENABLE
14 W
9 HEX 1
8 FLOW SWITCH
CASCADE
FROM PREVIOUS BOILER
SHIELD
A
B
ALARM
CONTACTS
RUN TIME
CONTACTS
LOUVER
PROVING
7 HEX 2
1
2
3
4
5
6
MOD BUS
OUTDOOR SENSOR
SYSTEM SENSOR
ENABLING DEVICE
TANK
THERMOSTAT
SHIELD
Field wiring
HEAT
EXCHANGER 1
FLOW SWITCH
HEAT
EXCHANGER 2
FLOW SWITCH
B
A
7
LOUVER
PROVING
SWITCH
BUILDING
MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
Installation & Operation Manual
(continued)
Figure 7-3 Low Voltage Field Wiring Connections
41
Installation & Operation Manual
8
Condensate disposal
Condensate drain
NOTICE
1. This boiler is a high efficiency appliance that produces
condensate.
2. The rear of the boiler has a 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) PVC
union for connection of a 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) PVC pipe
(FIG. 8-1).
3. Slope condensate tubing down and away from the boiler
into a drain or condensate neutralizing filter. Condensate
from the SYNC will be slightly acidic (typically with a pH
from 3 to 5). Install a neutralizing filter if required by
local codes.
A Neutralizer Kit (FIG. 8-1) is available from the factory
(100157700).
4. Install a 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) PVC elbow (field supplied)
as shown in FIG. 8-1.
5.
Do not expose condensate line to freezing temperatures.
NOTICE
Use materials approved by the authority
having jurisdiction. In the absence of
other authority, PVC and CPVC pipe
must comply with ASTM D1785 or
D2845. Cement and primer must comply
with ASME D2564 or F493. For Canada
use CSA or ULC certified PVC or CPVC
pipe, fittings, and cement.
To allow for proper drainage on large
horizontal runs, a second line vent may
be required and tubing size may need to
increase to 1 inch (25 mm).
The condensate line must remain
unobstructed, allowing free flow of
condensate. If condensate is allowed to
freeze in the line or if the line is obstructed
in any other manner, condensate can exit
from the boiler tee, resulting in potential
water damage to property.
6. A condensate removal pump is required if boiler is below
drain. When installing a condensate pump, select one
approved for use with condensing boilers and furnaces.
The pump should have an overflow switch to prevent
property damage from condensate spillage. The switch
should be wired to the auxiliary device proving switch
terminals on the low voltage connection board.
Figure 8-1 Condensate Disposal
42
Installation & Operation Manual
9
Start-up
Fill water
Check/control fill water chemistry
IMPORTANT
Conduct water quality testing prior to
installing the appliance. Various solutions
are available to adjust water quality.
The manufacturer recommends the following for properly
filling your boiler with the appropriate water chemistry for
closed loop boilers. Good fill water quality will help extend
the life of the appliance by reducing the effects of lime scale
buildup and corrosion in closed loop systems.
Hardness between 5 and 15 grains per gallon
1. Consult local water treatment companies for hard water
areas (above 15 grains per gallon hardness).
2. Hardness levels that are above 15 grains/gallon can lead
to lime scale buildup throughout the boiler system. If the
fill water is below 5 grains/gallons, usually due to use of a
water softener, it is recommended to mix in some potable
water at the inlet to increase the hardness of the water to
above 5 grains/gallons.
pH between 6.5 and 9.5
1. pH levels below 6.5 can cause an increase in the rate of
corrosion. pH of 9.5 or higher can potentially cause lime
scale buildup.
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) below 2,000 ppm
1. Total dissolved solids are all minerals, salts, metals, and
charged particles that are dissolved in water.
2. The greater the amounts of TDS present, the higher the
corrosion potential due to increased conductivity in the
water.
3. If using softened water to fill the boiler, it is still possible
to have high TDS. This water can be corrosive. It is
recommended to mix in some potable water with the
softened water to reduce this affect.
Freeze protection
WARNING Ethylene glycol is toxic, DO NOT use as
your freeze protection. Ethylene glycol has a
sweet aroma which children and pets could
mistake as food and ingest; leading to death.
1.
Use glycol only if needed for freeze protection.
2.
Propylene glycol is the recommended freeze protection.
3.
Make sure to flush the boiler system before adding glycol.
4.
Determine the freeze protection fluid quantity using
system water content, following the fluid manufacturer's
instructions. Boiler water content is listed on page 6.
Remember to include expansion tank water content.
5. Local codes may require a backflow preventer or actual
disconnect from city water supply.
6. When using freeze protection fluid with automatic fill, it is
suggested to install a water meter to monitor water makeup.
Freeze protection fluid may leak before the water begins to
leak, causing the concentration to drop, which reduces the
freeze protection level.
7. The freeze protection set points may be lowered when freeze
protection fluid is used (see the SYNC Service Manual).
8. Consult the glycol manufacturer for details on the suggested
mix of glycol and water for the desired freeze protection
level and the de-rate effect it will have on the boiler output.
Test / replace freeze protection fluid
1. For systems using freeze protection fluids, follow the fluid
manufacturer's instructions.
2. Freeze protection fluid must be replaced periodically due to
degradation of inhibitors over time.
3. It is recommended to test the glycol concentration annually
and adjust within the desired set points.
Chlorine concentration less than 200 ppm
1. Do not fill boiler or operate with water containing
chlorine in excess of 200 ppm.
2. Filling with fresh drinking water should be acceptable.
3. Do not use the boiler to directly heat swimming pool or
spa water.
43
Installation & Operation Manual
9
Start-up
Oxygen prevention
CAUTION
Eliminate all system leaks. Continual
fresh makeup water will reduce boiler
life. Minerals can build up in the
heat exchanger, reducing heat transfer,
overheating the heat exchanger, and
causing heat exchanger failure.
Dissolved oxygen can have a negative effect on the boiler
system. Oxygen can cause iron oxide to generate iron
deposits. Oxygen may also increase the rate of corrosion
on non-stainless steel parts of the system. A low pH level
combined with oxygen further enhances its corrosive effects.
After boiler installation, check for air leaks in the following
areas:
• Suction gasket
• Pump
• Air valve
• O-ring gaskets
Boiler water
CAUTION
Do not use petroleum based cleaning or
sealing compounds in the boiler system.
Gaskets and seals in the system may be
damaged. This can result in substantial
property damage.
DO NOT use "homemade cures" or
"boiler patent medicines". Serious
damage to boiler, personnel, and/or
property may result.
•
Monitoring pH, TDS and hardness levels can
prolong the life of the appliance by reducing lime
scale buildup, corrosion, and erosion. Check for
leaks to ensure that fresh water is not entering the
system.
•
Continual fresh make-up water will reduce boiler
life.
•
Mineral buildup in the heat exchanger reduces heat
transfer, overheats the stainless steel heat exchanger,
and causes failure.
•
The addition of oxygen carried in by make-up water
can cause internal corrosion in system components.
•
Leaks in the boiler or piping must be repaired at
once to prevent make-up water. It could be helpful
to install a water meter for this purpose to easily
check the amount of make-up water entering the
system.
44
1. Fill system only after ensuring the water meets the
requirements of this manual.
2. Close automatic and manual air vents and boiler drain
valve.
3. Fill to correct system pressure. Correct pressure will vary
with each application.
a. The minimum cold water fill pressure for a system is
12 psi.
b. Pressure will rise when the boiler is turned ON and
system water temperature increases.
4. At initial fill and during boiler startup and testing, check
the system thoroughly for any leaks. Repair all leaks before
proceeding further.
Purge air from water system
Precautions include installing a water meter to evaluate the
fresh water volume entering the system. Additional volumes
of fresh water could indicate that a leak is present.
CAUTION
Fill and test water system
1. Purge air from system:
a. Connect a hose to the purge valve (see purge/drain
valve in the piping diagrams on pages 32 through 33).
Route the hose to an area where water can drain and be
seen.
b. Close the boiler or system isolation valve between the
purge valve and fill connection to the system.
c. Close zone isolation valves.
d. Open the quick-fill valve on the cold water makeup
line.
e. Open purge valve.
f. Open the isolation valves one zone at a time. Allow
water to run through the zone, pushing out the air.
Run until no noticeable air flow is present. Close
the zone isolation valves and proceed with the next
zone. Follow this procedure until all zones are purged.
g. Close the quick-fill water valve and purge valve and
remove the hose. Open all isolation valves. Watch that
system pressure rises to correct cold-fill pressure.
h. After the system has operated for a while, eliminate
any residual air by using the manual air vents located
throughout the system.
i. If purge valves are not installed in the system, open the
manual air vents in the system one at a time, beginning
with the lowest floor. Close the vent when water
squirts out. Repeat with remaining vents.
2. Open the automatic air vent (diaphragm-type or bladder
type expansion tank systems only) one turn.
3. Open other vents:
a. Starting on the lowest floor, open air vents one at a
time until water squirts out.
b. Repeat with remaining vents.
4. Refill to correct pressure.
Installation & Operation Manual
9
Start-up
(continued)
Check for gas leaks
WARNING
Before starting the boiler, and during
initial operation, smell near the floor and
around the boiler for gas odorant or any
unusual odor. Remove the top access
panel and smell the interior of the boiler
enclosure. Do not proceed with startup
if there is any indication of a gas leak.
Use an approved leak detection solution.
Repair any leaks at once.
DO NOT adjust or attempt to measure
WARNING
gas valve outlet pressure. The gas valve is
factory set for the correct outlet pressure.
This setting is suitable for natural gas and
propane, requiring no field adjustment.
Attempting to alter or measure the gas
valve outlet pressure could result in
damage to the valve, causing potential
severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Figure 9-1 Condensate Trap
WARNING
Propane boilers only – Your propane
supplier mixes an odorant with the propane
to make its presence detectable. In some
instances, the odorant can fade, and the
gas may no longer have an odor. Before
startup (and periodically thereafter), have
the propane supplier verify the correct
odorant level in the gas.
Check thermostat circuit(s)
1. Disconnect the two external wires connected to the
enable terminals on the connection board.
2. Connect a voltmeter across these two incoming wires.
Close each thermostat, zone valve, and relay in the
external circuit one at a time and check the voltmeter
reading across the incoming wires.
3. There should NEVER be a voltage reading.
4. If a voltage does occur under any condition, check and
correct the external wiring. (This is a common problem
when using 3-wire zone valves.)
5. Once the external boiler enable wiring is checked and
corrected if necessary, reconnect the external thermostat
circuit wires to the connection board. Allow the boiler to
cycle.
Inspect/fill condensate system
Inspect/check condensate lines and fittings
1. Inspect the condensate drain line, condensate PVC
fittings and condensate trap.
Fill condensate trap with water
1. Remove the PVC cap retaining screw from the PVC cap
(FIG. 9-1).
2. Remove the 2 inch PVC cap with the switch located at the
top of the trap (FIG. 9-1).
3. Fill with fresh water until the water begins to pour out of
the drain.
4. Replace the cap. Press the cap onto the trap until the cap
makes contact with the drain.
5. Replace the retaining screw.
The condensate trap (FIG. 9-1) must be
WARNING filled with water during all times of boiler
operation to avoid flue gas emission from
the condensate drain line. Failure to fill
the trap could result in severe personal
injury or death.
45
Installation & Operation Manual
9
Start-up
Final checks before starting the boiler
 Read the SYNC Service Manual to familiarize yourself
with SMART TOUCH control module operation. Read
this manual, page 47 for proper steps to start boiler.
 Verify the boiler and system are full of water and all
system components are correctly set for operation.
 Verify the preparation procedures of Section 9, pages 44
and 45 have been completed.
 Fill the vent condensate trap with water (removing the
retaining screw in order to remove the 2 inch (50.8 mm)
PVC cap with the switch located at the top of the trap).
Replace the cap. Press the cap onto the trap until the
cap makes contact with the drain. Replace the retaining
screw.
 Verify electrical connections are correct and securely
attached.
 Inspect vent piping and air piping for signs of deterioration
from corrosion, physical damage or sagging. Verify air
piping and vent piping are intact and correctly installed
per this manual.
Start the boiler
1. Read and follow the Operating instructions in FIG. 9-2,
page 47.
If boiler does not start correctly
1. Check for loose connections, blown fuse or service switch
off?
2. Is external limit control (if used) open? Is boiler water
temperature above 200°F (93°C)?
3. Is thermostat set below room temperature?
4. Is gas turned on at meter or boiler?
5. Is incoming gas pressure less than 4 inches w.c. (.99 kPa)?
If none of the above corrects the problem, refer to the
Troubleshooting Section of the SYNC Service Manual.
46
Check system and boiler
 Check water piping
1. Check system piping for leaks. If found, shut down the
boiler and repair immediately. (See WARNINGS on
pages 43 through 45 (startup) regarding failure to repair
leaks.)
2. Vent any remaining air from the system using manual
vents. Air in the system will interfere with circulation
and cause heat distribution problems and noise.
 Check vent piping and air piping
1. Check for gastight seal at every connection, seam of air
piping, and vent piping.
WARNING
Venting system must be sealed gastight
to prevent flue gas spillage and carbon
monoxide emissions, which will result in
severe personal injury or death.
 Check gas piping
1. Check around the boiler for gas odor following the
procedure on page 34 of this manual (connecting gas
supply piping).
WARNING
If you discover evidence of any gas leak,
shut down the boiler at once. Find the
leak source with a bubble test and repair
immediately. Do not start the boiler again
until corrected. Failure to comply could
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Check flame and combustion
1. Turn the main power off to the boiler by placing the
“On/Off” switch in the OFF position.
2. Remove the flue temperature sensors from the flue pipe
connections. Note: Combustion measurements will be
made at this point.
3. Turn the main power on to the boiler by placing the “On/
Off” switch in the ON position.
Installation & Operation Manual
9
Start-up
(continued)
Figure 9-2 Operating Instructions
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE OPERATING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or explosion
may result causing property damage, personal injury, or loss of life.
A. This appliance does not have a pilot. It is
equipped with an ignition device which
automatically lights the burner. Do not try
to light the burner by hand.
B. BEFORE OPERATING smell all around
the appliance area for gas. Be sure to
smell next to the floor because some gas
is heavier than air and will settle on the
floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
•
Do not try to light any appliance.
•
Do not touch any electric switch; do
not use any phone in your building.
•
Immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instructions.
•
If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call
the fire department.
C. Use only your hand to turn the gas control knob.
Never use tools. If the handle will not turn by
hand, don’t try to repair it, call a qualified service
technician. Force or attempted repair may result
in a fire or explosion.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part has been
under water. Immediately call a qualified
service technician to inspect the appliance and
to replace any part of the control system and
any gas control which has been under water.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
1. STOP! Read the safety information
above on this label.
2. Set the thermostat to lowest setting.
3. Turn off all electric power to the
appliance.
4. This appliance is equipped with an
ignition device which automatically lights
the burner. Do not try to light the burner
by hand.
5. Remove front door.
6. Turn gas shutoff valves counterclockwise
to “OFF”. Handle will be perpendicular to
pipe. Do not force.
7. Wait five (5) minutes to clear out any gas.
If you then smell gas, STOP! Follow “B”
in the safety information above this label.
If you don’t smell gas, go to next step.
8. Turn gas shutoff valve clockwise to “ON”.
Handle will be parallel to pipe.
9. Install top cover.
10. Turn on all electric power to appliance.
11. Set thermostat to desired setting.
12. If the appliance will not operate, follow the
instructions “To Turn Off Gas To Appliance” and
call your service technician or gas supplier.
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1. Set the thermostat to lowest setting.
2. Turn off all electric power to the appliance
if service is to be performed.
3. Remove front door.
4. Turn gas shut off valves counterclockwise to
“OFF”. Handle will be perpendicular to pipe.
Do not force.
5. Install front door.
LBL20053 REV A
47
Installation & Operation Manual
9
Start-up
Check flame and combustion (continued)
Set space heating operation
4. Navigate to the Service Mode Screen from the Status
Screen by pressing the MAIN button and then the
SERVICE MODE button.
Verify space heat circulator mode
5. On the Service Screen place Heat Exchanger 1 into
operation by selecting Heat Exchanger 1 with the SELECT
button and turning the heat exchanger on by pressing the
ON/OFF button (OFF indicates that the heat exchanger
is off and ON indicates that the heat exchanger should be
firing).
6. Insert the probe from a combustion analyzer into the hole
left by the removal of the flue temperature sensor.
Note: Heat Exchanger 1 is the top heat exchanger; please
ensure the probe is in the top flue sensor location.
The Space Heating Mode controls the system pump (if
connected), and both boiler pumps. When the SMART
TOUCH control receives a space heating call for heat, it turns
on the system pump. If the boiler is not heating an indirect
HW (Hot Water) tank, it also turns on the boiler pump. After
the space heating call for heat ends, the system pump continues
to run for a short period of time. If the boiler pump was
running, it continues to run for a short period of time as well.
These pump delays are factory set to 30 seconds. If different
delays are desired, the appropriate parameters in the control
must be changed. See the SYNC Service Manual for a detailed
explanation of this procedure.
7. Once the heat exchanger has modulated up to full fire
measure the combustion. The values should be in
the range listed in Table 9A below. CO levels should
be less than 200 ppm for a properly installed unit.
If the combustion is not within range reference the
Troubleshooting Section in the SYNC Service Manual for
possible causes and corrective actions.
Set space heating set point temperature
Table 9A Flue Products Chart
1.
To change a set point, press the SELECT button next to the
user set point parameter.
2.
The first time the user set point parameter is accessed, you
will be required to enter the user password. The user
password is 0704.
3.
Using the keypad, enter the password and then press the
OK button. If the password is not entered correctly, the
screen will revert to the Parameter List Screen and you
will not be able to adjust the set point. If a digit has been
entered incorrectly, press the left arrow key on the keypad
to back the digit up. If the password has been entered
correctly, the Parameter Change Screen will appear. The
Parameter Change Screen will display the set point being
changed, the previous setting of the set point, and
adjustment buttons.
4.
To adjust the set point, press the + or - buttons to change
the value being displayed.
5.
Once the set point has been adjusted to the desired
setting press the APPLY button to change the set point
and return to the Parameter List Screen.
Natural Gas
During normal operation, space heating set point temperatures
can be adjusted from the Set Points Menu. Press the following
buttons to navigate to the Set Points Menu from the Status
Screen:
>>
Propane
CO2
O2
CO2
O2
8.0% - 10%
3.0% - 6.5%
9.0% - 11%
4.1% - 6.9%
8. Once the Heat Exchanger 1 analysis is complete, test the
safety shutoff device by turning the manual shutoff valve
to the OFF position and ensuring that Heat Exchanger
1 shuts down and registers an alarm. Open the manual
shutoff valve, reset the control, and return to Service
Mode.
9. Repeat the same procedure for Heat Exchanger 2
by selecting Heat Exchanger 2 while on the Service
Mode Screen. Be certain to insert the probe from the
combustion analyzer into the Heat Exchanger 2 flue
temperature sensor location.
10. Turn the main power off to the boiler and replace the
flue temperature sensor into the flue pipe connection.
11. Place the boiler back into normal operation.
WARNING
48
>>
You must replace the flue gas temperature
sensor to prevent flue gas spillage into
the room. Failure to comply could
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Installation & Operation Manual
9
Start-up
(continued)
6.
If no other changes are necessary, press the BACK button
to return to the Parameter List Screen.
7.
Once all the necessary adjustments have been made,
press the BACK button to return to the Setup Screen.
8.
Press the SAVE button to program all changes made to
the set points and return to the Status Screen. Leaving
the Setup Screen without pressing the SAVE button will
erase the changes made to the set points and change
them back to their previous settings.
Note: The SAVE button must be pressed to ensure proper
programming of the controls. Failure to press the SAVE
button will require all changes to be reprogrammed.
Set Hot Water Generator (HW) operation
Verify HW circulator mode
The HW Mode is programmed to heat an indirect hot water
tank. When a tank thermostat or a tank sensor initiates a
call for heat, the SMART TOUCH control will turn on the
HW pumps and turn off the boiler pumps (if running). If
the system pump is running, it will remain on. When the
HW call for heat ends, and there is no space heating call for
heat, the HW pumps will continue to run for a period of
time. This pump delay is set at the factory to 30 seconds. If a
shorter or longer delay is desired, the appropriate parameter
in the control must be changed. See the SYNC Service
Manual for a detailed explanation of this procedure. If there
is an active space heating call for heat, then the boiler pumps
will be turned on and the HW pumps will be turned off.
Set HW target temperature
When in the HW Mode, the control will modulate to
maintain the outlet temperature to a set point. This set point
is set at the factory to 180°F. If a different set point is desired,
the appropriate parameter in the control must be changed.
See the SYNC Service manual for a detailed explanation of
this procedure.
Set clock
To program the clock, access the night setback parameter by
pressing the following buttons:
>>
>>
The SMART TOUCH control has a built-in clock that it uses
for its night setback feature and for logging events. This
clock must be set when the boiler is installed, and anytime the
boiler has been powered off for more than one month. Use
the following procedure to set the clock:
1.
To set the clock, press the SELECT button in the upper
right-hand corner of the display. The date and time are
displayed as “Day dd/mm/yy hh:mm”. Day = day of the
week (1 = Monday, 2 = Tuesday, etc.), dd = date, mm =
month, yy = year, hh = hour, mm = minutes (24 hour
time; 2:30PM = 14:30).
2.
Using the keypad, adjust the date and time by working
from left to right. If a digit has been entered incorrectly,
press the left arrow key on the keypad to back the digit
up. If no change is necessary, press the BACK button to
return to the Parameter List Screen. Once the correct
date and time have been entered press the OK button on
the display to program the date and time into memory
and return to the Parameter List Screen.
NOTICE
The internal clock does not adjust for
Daylight Savings Time and therefore, will
require a manual adjustment.
Configuration of the cascade
When installed in a Cascade system, the individual controls
must be programmed for cascade operation. To program the
cascade parameters, access the Cascade Menu found in the
Setup Menu by pressing the following buttons:
>>
>>
Note: The CASCADE button on the Main Menu will only
display the current status of the cascade.
1. Once in the Cascade Setup Menu select the appropriate
parameter by pressing the SELECT button.
2. The first time the cascade setup parameters are accessed,
you will be required to enter the service password. Enter
the service password as described in the SYNC Service
Manual.
3.
Once the password has been entered correctly, the
Parameter Change Screen will appear. The Parameter
Change Screen will display the parameter being changed,
the previous setting of the parameter, and adjustment
buttons.
4.
To adjust the parameter, press the + or - buttons to change
the value being displayed.
5. Make the correct adjustments and then press the APPLY
button.
6. Once all the parameters have been adjusted press the BACK
button. This will return you to the Setup Menu.
7. Press the SAVE button to program all controls.
Note: The SAVE button must be pressed to ensure proper
programming of the controls. Failure to press the SAVE button
will require all changes to be reprogrammed.
49
Installation & Operation Manual
10
Operating information
General
How the boiler operates
The SYNC uses advanced stainless steel heat exchangers
and electronic control modules that allow fully condensing
operation. The blowers pull in air and push flue products
out of the boiler through the heat exchangers and flue piping.
The control modules regulate blower speed to control the
boiler firing rate. The gas valve senses the amount of air
flowing into the boiler and allows only the right amount of
gas to flow.
How the control modules operate
The SYNC boiler is equipped with two (2) SMART
TOUCH control modules. The control modules work in
synchronization to meet the heat demand of the system.
The SMART TOUCH control modules receive input from
boiler sensors and external inputs. The control modules
activate and control the blowers and gas valves to regulate
heat input and switches the boiler, Hot Water Generator
(HW), and system pumps on and off as needed. The user
programs the control modules to meet system needs by
adjusting control parameters. These parameters set operating
temperatures and boiler operating modes. Boiler operation is
based on system temperature.
Control inputs and outputs
Room thermostat / zone control
This input tells the boiler to provide water for space heating.
Hot Water Generator (HW) tank thermostat
This input tells the boiler to provide water for heating an
indirect HW tank.
HW priority
The SMART TOUCH control module allows connection of a
HW thermostat to the low voltage connection board. When
the HW thermostat calls for heat, the control modules activate
the HW pumps, shuts down the boiler pumps, and immediately
sets the target outlet water temperature to 180°F (82.2°C).
This provides automatic priority heat allocation to the HW
Generator for maximum response and recovery. The HW
pumps continue for 30 seconds after the heating cycle to deliver
the most possible heat.
Controlling sensor
The control module is programmed to use the outlet sensor
as the control sensor by default. If a system supply sensor
is connected, the control automatically uses it as the control
sensor.
Anti-cycling
After a space heating demand has been satisfied, the control will
delay the next space heating call for a set time period (time is
adjustable by the installer). The time delay will be bypassed if
the inlet water temperature drops too far during the delay.
Boiler, system, and HW pump control
When a space heating call for heat starts and no HW call is on,
the system and boiler pumps are turned on. As long as the space
heating call for heat is on, the system pump will remain on. If
a HW call for heat is on, the boiler pumps will wait to turn
on until just before the HW pumps turn off. After the space
heating call for heat ends, both pumps will run for an additional
period of time.
When a HW call for heat starts, the HW pumps are turned on.
If a space heating call for heat was on, the boiler pumps will turn
off a few seconds after the HW pumps turn on.
Louver
0 - 10V input (set point or power)
The SYNC can be controlled by a Building Management
System (BMS) using a 0 - 10 VDC signal. The control can be
configured by the installer to use this signal to either control
set point or firing rate.
A dry contact is provided to open and close louvers whenever
the SYNC boiler requires combustion air from inside the room.
Connect the Louver End Switch to the Louver Proving Switch
input on the Low Voltage Connection Board.
Temperature control
Modulation
The SYNC is capable of modulating its firing rate from a
minimum of 10% to a maximum of 100%. The firing rate is
dictated by the call for heat (i.e., space heating or hot water
generation), the heating load, and various other temperature
limitations.
50
Installation & Operation Manual
10
Operating information
(continued)
Gradient limiting
Protection features
If during operation of the boiler the outlet water temperature
is rising too quickly, the control will reduce the firing rate
to its lowest setting.
Outlet temperature, flue temperature, and temperature
rise limiting
Outdoor air reset
If an outdoor air sensor is connected, the control module
will calculate the set point based on the programmed reset
curve. The installer can change the slope of the reset curve
by several adjustable parameters. The user can limit the
maximum set point for the system using the space heating
set point.
Boost function
If outdoor air reset is active, and a space heating demand
has been active continuously for a set period of time
(time adjustable by installer) and there has been no HW
demands, the control will increase the set point by a fixed
number of degrees (adjustable by installer). This process
will continue until the space heating demand ends, the set
point reaches the programmed set point or a maximum of
20 increases has occurred. Once the system heat demand
is satisfied, the set point will revert to the value determined
by the reset curve.
The outlet temperature is monitored by the boiler outlet
temperature sensor. When the outlet temperature exceeds
185°F (85°C), the unit will reduce the fan speed. If the outlet
water temperature exceeds 195°F (90°C) the control will shut
the unit down until it cools off.
The control module monitors the flue temperature by a sensor
located in the flue exhaust. If the flue temperature exceeds
215°F (102°C) the control will reduce the maximum fan speed.
If the flue temperature exceeds 225°F (107°C) the control will
shut the unit down. The unit will restart automatically once
the flue temperature drops 10°F (6°C) and the minimum off
time has expired.
The control monitors the temperature difference between
the inlet and the outlet sensor. If this difference exceeds
55°F (31°C) the control will reduce the fan speed. If the
temperature difference exceeds 60°F (33°C) the control will
shut the unit down. The unit will restart automatically once
the temperature difference has dropped below 55°F (31°C) and
the minimum off time has expired.
Freeze protection
Night setback
DO NOT install the boiler in a room likely to freeze.
The controller may be programmed to reduce the space
heating set point during a certain time each day. A start
and stop time can be programmed for each day of the week.
The following integral feature of the SMART TOUCH control
module provides some protection for the boiler only -- not for
the system.
Flame current support
•
To prevent nuisance shutdowns when the boiler is firing
at minimum rates, the control will increase the firing rate
when the flame signal drops too low.
•
•
•
The SMART TOUCH control module provides
freeze-up protection as follows when the boiler
water temperature drops below 45°F (7°C):
Below 45°F (7°C), the boiler and system pumps
operate constantly.
Below 37°F (3°C), the boiler turns on.
Boiler and pumps turn off if boiler water
temperature rises above 45°F (7°C).
CAUTION
This feature of the SMART TOUCH control
module does not eliminate the possibility
of freezing. The installation must still
use recognized design, installation and
maintenance practice to prevent freeze
potential for the boiler and system.
51
Installation & Operation Manual
10
Operating information
Monitor external limits
High limit operations
Connections are provided on the connection board for
external limits such as flow switch and a louver proving
switch. The SMART TOUCH control will shut off the
burner and inhibit relighting whenever any of these external
limits open.
When outlet temperature exceeds 200°F (93.3°C), high limit
action occurs. The boiler shuts down until the outlet water
cools down.
Run-time and alarm outputs
1.
The boiler provides dry contacts for indicating when the
boiler is running, and when it is unable to operate.
Flow sensing device
Run-time and cycle counting
1.
The control uses two timers to monitor the total hours of
burner operation. One timer monitors the time the boiler
is firing under 50% of rate. The other timer monitors the
time the boiler is firing over 50% rate.
The control uses four (4) ignition counters to monitor
the amount of boiler cycles. The first counter counts all
ignitions of the control. The second counter counts only
ignition attempts that have failed. The third and fourth
counters are the same as the first and second respectively,
but can be reset by the installer.
Service reminder
The control can be programmed for service reminder
notification. This notification will become active when
either a set time frame has expired, or a set amount of
running hours or cycles has expired (all adjustable by the
installer). The display will alternate the standard text on
the display screen with Service Due every 5 seconds. The
service reminder notification can be reset by the installer.
Error logging
The control will hold in memory the last 10 error codes as
well as the last 10 turn-off functions. The date and time of
the occurrence will be recorded as well. Only the 10 most
current occurrences will be held in memory.
Boiler temperature regulation
Operating temperature (target)
The SMART TOUCH control module senses water
temperature and regulates boiler firing and firing rate to
achieve a target temperature. The target temperature can
be set between 70°F (21°C) and 190°F (88°C).
•
Target temperature is fixed when the outdoor
sensor is not installed.
•
Target temperature is calculated as described below
under “Outdoor Reset Operation” and “Target
Temperature Boost” when the outdoor sensor is
connected.
52
Low water cutoff protection
A low water cutoff device with test and reset functionality
is provided in the boiler as standard equipment.
The SMART TOUCH control module uses temperature
sensing of both supply and return temperatures of the
heat exchanger. If the flow rate is too low or the outlet
temperatures too high, the control module modulates
down and will shut the boiler off. This ensures boiler
shutdown in the event of low flow conditions.
NOTICE
If a mechanical flow switch is required to
meet local code requirements the SYNC
boiler can be equipped with field supplied
switches on each inlet. Please reference page
39 of this manual for more information.
Outdoor reset operation, if used
Target temperature with outdoor reset
This feature improves the system’s efficiency as the outdoor
temperature warms up.
See the SYNC Service Manual to change the settings.
Reset curve
The reset curve looks at outdoor air temperature and adjusts
the set point.
Cascade
When multiple boilers are installed, they can be wired together
in a cascade sequence. A maximum of eight boilers can be
controlled from a single control. In this application one boiler
would be designated as the Leader control and all others would
be designated as Member controls.
Once the Leader boiler receives a call for heat from the Enable
input or 0 - 10 VDC input, the control will determine what
the set point will be. If outdoor air reset is desired, connect
the outdoor air sensor to the terminals on the Low Voltage
Connection Board on the Leader boiler. The set point will be
calculated based on the programmed reset curve parameters.
See the SYNC Service Manual to program the reset curve. If
outdoor air reset is not desired, do not connect the outdoor air
sensor. A fixed temperature set point can be programmed into
the control.
Installation & Operation Manual
10
Operating information
(continued)
If the water temperature at the system supply sensor is less
than the set point + the turn-off offset - the off-on differential,
then the control will initiate a call for heat on the Cascade (see
the SYNC Service Manual for an explanation of the offset and
differential). The Leader will energize the lead boiler on the
Cascade. For a new startup this will be the Leader boiler.
The boiler will fire at its ignition speed and will then modulate
its firing rate to maintain the set point. If the first boiler
reaches 100% of its firing rate, the Leader will calculate at
what point the second boiler could fire at 10% of its firing
rate. At this point, the Leader will fire the second boiler on the
Cascade. For a new startup, this would be the first Member
boiler. The boiler will fire at its ignition speed and will then
modulate its firing rate to maintain the set point.
If the set point still cannot be met, the Leader will continue
firing more Members until either the heat demand is met
or all boilers on the Cascade are firing. As the heat demand
decreases, the last boiler on will modulate down to 10% of its
firing rate. Once the demand for that boiler is zero, it will shut
down. As the heat demand decreases further, the second to
last boiler will modulate down and shut off. This will continue
until the demand is satisfied and all boilers are shut off.
HW operation with cascade
For HW operation any boiler(s) in the Cascade can be selected
to provide heat for a HW call. Select a boiler to be designated
as the HW boiler. Connect the HW thermostat or sensor to
the terminals on the Low Voltage Connection Board marked
for the HW Thermostat or sensor. When the boiler receives
a HW call, the Leader control will take that boiler out of the
Cascade sequence. If another boiler is available, the Leader
will start it up to take its place.
The HW boiler will adjust its set point to the programmed
HW set point and will adjust its firing rate to maintain this.
Once the HW call has been satisfied, the Leader control will
place that boiler back into the Cascade sequence.
Night Setback operation with cascade
Night Setback operation of the boilers within the Cascade is
available. Programming of the Night Setback will be done
through the Leader boiler. Refer to the SYNC Service Manual
for information regarding Night Setback.
Sequence of the cascade
To equalize the run time of all boilers on the Cascade, the
firing sequence will automatically be changed at set intervals.
For the first 24 hours after initializing the Cascade, the
sequence will be changed every hour. After that the sequence
will be changed once every 24 hours. The switching on/off
sequence will be as follows:
DAY
SWITCHING ON SEQUENCE
Day 1
L-M1-M2-M3-M4-M5-M6-M7
Day 1 + 1 hour
M2-M3-M4-M5-M6-M7-L-M1
Day 1 + 2 hours
M4-M5-M6-M7-L-M1-M2-M3
53
Installation & Operation Manual
10
Operating information
Sequence of operation
Note: This unit is equipped with two (2) independent, but synchronized combustion systems. The Heat Exchanger 1 combustion
system will fire first. If the demand cannot be met by one (1) combustion system the same sequence of operation will be followed
to bring the Heat Exchanger 2 combustion system online.
1.
Upon a call for heat, the control turns on the appropriate pumps (system and boiler pumps for a space heating call,
HW pump relay output for a HW call).
2.
The control confirms that the low water cutoff and flow switch (optional) contacts are closed.
3.
The control starts the blower and closes the louver contacts to begin the Pre-Purge cycle.
4.
The control confirms that the blower comes up to the desired speed, the flap valve opens, and the air pressure switch,
gas pressure switch (optional), louver proving switch (optional), and blocked drain switch contacts close.
5.
Once the Pre-Purge cycle is complete, the control lowers the blower speed, initiates sparking of the ignition electrode,
and opens the gas valve.
6.
After a short wait, the control stops sparking and checks for the presence of flame current through the spark and
flame sense electrodes.
7.
If the control does not detect flame current, the control will lockout indefinitely, until the RESET button on the touch
screen LCD is pressed.
8.
If the control detects flame current, the control will hold the blower speed constant for a few seconds to allow the
flame to stabilize, then begin modulating the firing rate in order to maintain the controlling sensor to the desired set
point temperature.
9.
If the current call for heat is for space heating and a HW call for heat becomes active, the control will turn on the HW
pump relay output, then turn off the boiler pumps. It will then modulate the blower speed in order to maintain the
outlet temperature to the desired HW outlet set point temperature.
10.
If the first heat exchanger in the boiler is unable to maintain the desired set point temperature, the second heat
exchanger in the boiler will be started, using much of the same sequences as described above. Once both heat
exchangers are firing, the controls will work in synchronization to maintain the desired set point temperature. If
the heat load should decrease sufficiently, the second heat exchanger will be shut down, much like the sequences
described below.
11.
Once both the space heating and HW calls for heat are satisified, the control will turn off the gas valve and begin the
Post-Purge cycle. Any pumps that are running will begin their respective Pump Delay cycles.
12.
At the end of the Post-Purge cycle, the louver contacts will open.
13.
The control verifies that the blower stops running and the flap valve closes.
14.
At the end of the Pump Delay cycle(s), the pump(s) will be turned off.
54
Installation & Operation Manual
10
Operating information
(continued)
SYNC control module
The Status Screen displays boiler status, Cascade addresses, outlet water temperature, inlet water temperature, system
temperature, and tank temperature.
The boiler can be changed by pressing the ON/OFF button. The Details Screen and Main Menu Screen can be accessed by
pressing the appropriate button.
Figure 10-1 Status Screen
When the ON/OFF switch is turned to the ON position,
the first screen visible on the LCD display will be the Status
Screen. This screen displays the current status of the SYNC
boiler. The following items can be viewed or interacted with
on the Status Screen:
On/Off button - Pressing this button allows the boiler to be
placed in either Manual Shutdown Mode or Standby Mode.
Boiler Status - This line shows the current operating status of
the SYNC boiler. Displayed items are as follows:
• Manual Shutdown - The boiler will not
respond to either a system call or a hot water
generation call.
• Standby - The boiler has not received a system call
or hot water generation call.
• SH Call for Heat - The boiler has received a system heat
call.
• SH Pump Delay - The boiler has satisfied a system heat
call and the boiler pumps are running for a fixed
time to remove any residual heat.
• HW Storage - The boiler has received a hot water
generation call.
• HW Pump Delay - The boiler has satisfied a hot water
generation call and the hot water generator pumps
are running for a fixed time to remove any residual
heat.
• SH BMS - The boiler has received a call for heat from
a 0-10 VDC BMS control.
• Service Set Point Met - While in Service Mode, the
water temperature at either the outlet sensor or the
system sensor has exceeded 185°F.
• HW Outlet Set Point Met - The outlet water
temperature has exceeded the HW Generator Set Point
parameter.
• OA Shutdown - The outside air temperature has
exceeded the Outdoor Shutdown Set Point parameter.
• SH Set Point Met - The water temperature as measured
by the system supply sensor has exceeded the User Set
Point parameter or if the optional Outdoor Air Sensor
was used, the calculated set point based on the
Outdoor Reset parameters.
• Anti-Cycle Delay - The boiler has satisfied a system
heat call, but has received another system heat call
before the anti-cycling time parameter has elapsed.
• Cascade ComError - A communication error has
occurred between the Control Module 1 and Control
Module 2 or between the Leader and Member boilers.
55
Installation & Operation Manual
10
Operating information
Boiler Configuration - This line shows the current
configuration of the two control modules inside the unit.
Hot Water Tank Temperature - This is the temperature as
measured by the tank sensor in the hot water storage tank.
Outlet Water Temperature - This is a calculated temperature
based on the readings of the outlet temperatures of the two
(2) heat exchangers.
Time - The time is displayed in the upper right-hand corner of
the display. It is displayed in 24 hour format. Reference the
SYNC Service Manual for Night Setback parameters and more
information regarding adjusting the date and time.
System Water Temperature - This is the water temperature
as measured by the system supply sensor located in the
downstream piping.
Inlet Water Temperature - This is a calculated temperature
based on the inlet temperature readings from the two (2) heat
exchangers.
Details button - Pressing this button brings up the Details
Screen. This screen shows the status of the various safeties,
inputs, and outputs to each control module. Reference the
Details Screen section in the SYNC Service Manual for more
information regarding this screen.
Main button - Pressing this button brings up the Main Screen.
From this screen navigation to eight (8) other screens is
possible. Reference the Main Screen section on page 57 of this
manual for more information regarding this screen.
56
Installation & Operation Manual
10
Operating information
(continued)
Use the Main Menu Screen (FIG. 10-2) to access the screens necessary to set temperatures, operating conditions, and monitor
boiler operation.
The SYNC is equipped with a SMART TOUCH control system. All menu options are accessed by touching the screen with
your finger or a stylus from a PDA.
Figure 10-2 Main Menu Screen
The Main Screen allows navigation to eight (8) additional
screens which are used to set temperatures, operating
conditions, and monitor boiler operation. These screens are
as follows:
• Setup - Allows access to seven (7) other screens for the
adjustment of the control parameters.
• Cascade - Shows the status of multiple boilers connected
together in a cascade arrangement.
• Temps - Shows the temperatures measured by the
individual sensors connected to the boiler.
• Burners - Shows the status of the two (2) independent
burner systems used in the boiler.
• Building - Shows the information from a Building
Integration System using Modbus Protocols.
• Graphs - Allows the selection of items to be graphed on a
chart.
• History - Shows the operating and fault history of the
two (2) control modules.
• Service Mode - Allows the installer to control the fan
speed of the individual control modules for the purposes
of combustion analysis. Service Mode will override all
other heat demands, however, all safeties will remain
intact.
Navigation to the Main Screen can be accomplished by pressing
the MAIN button at the bottom of the page.
Reference the SYNC Service Manual for more information
regarding the eight (8) accessible screens.
Time - The time is displayed in the upper right-hand corner
of the display. It is displayed in 24 hour format. Reference
the night setback parameters in the SYNC Servie Manual for
information regarding adjusting the date and time.
Status button - Pressing this button displays the Status Screen.
This screen shows the current status of the SYNC boiler.
Reference pages 55 - 56 for more information regarding this
screen.
57
Installation & Operation Manual
11
Maintenance
Maintenance and annual startup
Table 11A Service and Maintenance Schedules
Service technician
(see the following pages for instructions)
Owner maintenance
(see the SYNC User’s Information Manual for
instructions)
General:
• Address reported problems, if any
• Inspect interior; clean and vacuum if
necessary;
• Check boiler area
Daily
• Clean condensate trap and fill with fresh
water
• Check pressure/temperature
gauge
• Check for leaks (water, gas, flue,
condensate)
• Verify flue and air lines in good condition
and sealed tight
• Check vent piping
• Check system water pressure/system
piping/expansion tank
• Check air piping
ANNUAL START-UP
• Check control settings
Monthly
• Check ignition and flame sense
electrodes (sand off any deposits; clean
and reposition)
• Check air and vent termination
screens
• Check relief valve
• Check wiring and connections
• Check condensate drain system
• Perform start-up checkout and
performance verification per Section 9.
• Check automatic air vents
• Flame inspection (stable, uniform)
• Test low water cutoff
• Flame signal (at least 10 microamps at
high fire)
• Clean the heat exchanger if flue
temperature is more than 54°F (30°C)
above return water temperature.
Every
6 months
• Test low water flow conditions
(reference the SYNC Service Manual).
• Reset button (low water cutoff)
• Check boiler piping (gas and
water) for leaks
• Operate relief valve
If combustion or performance
indicate need:
• Clean heat exchanger
• Remove and clean burner using
compressed air only
• Clean the blower wheel
58
End
of season
months
• Shut boiler down (unless boiler
used for domestic hot water)
Installation & Operation Manual
11
Maintenance
(continued)
WARNING
Follow the service and maintenance procedures given throughout this manual and in component literature
shipped with the boiler. Failure to perform the service and maintenance could result in damage to the boiler
or system. Failure to follow the directions in this manual and component literature could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial property damage.
WARNING
The boiler should be inspected annually only by a qualified service technician. In addition, the maintenance
and care of the boiler designated in Table 11A and explained on the following pages must be performed to
assure maximum boiler efficiency and reliability. Failure to service and maintain the boiler and system could
result in equipment failure.
WARNING
Electrical shock hazard – Turn off power to the boiler before any service operation on the boiler except as
noted otherwise in this instruction manual. Failure to turn off electrical power could result in electrical shock,
causing severe personal injury or death.
Address reported problems
Figure 11-1 Condensate Trap
1. Inspect any problems reported by the owner and correct
before proceeding.
Inspect boiler area
1. Verify that boiler area is free of any combustible materials,
gasoline and other flammable vapors and liquids.
2. Verify that air intake area is free of any of the contaminants
listed in Section 1 of this manual. If any of these are
present in the boiler intake air vicinity, they must be
removed. If they cannot be removed, reinstall the air and
vent lines per this manual.
Inspect boiler interior
1. Remove the front access cover and inspect the interior of
the boiler.
2. Vacuum any sediment from inside the boiler and
components. Remove any obstructions.
WARNING
Clean condensate trap
1. Inspect the condensate drain line, condensate PVC
fittings, and condensate trap.
2. Remove the PVC cap retaining screw from the PVC cap
(FIG. 11-1).
3. Remove the 2 inch PVC cap with the switch located at the
top of the trap (FIG. 11-1).
4. Remove any sediment in the trap.
The condensate trap must be filled with
water during all times of boiler operation
to avoid flue gas emission from the
condensate drain line. Failure to fill the
trap could result in severe personal injury
or death.
Check all piping for leaks
WARNING
Eliminate all system or boiler leaks.
Continual fresh makeup water will
reduce boiler life. Minerals can build
up in sections, reducing heat transfer,
overheating heat exchanger, and causing
heat exchanger failure. Leaking water may
also cause severe property damage.
5. Fill with fresh water until the water begins to pour out of
the drain.
1. Inspect all water and gas piping and verify to be leak free.
6. Replace the cap. Press the cap onto the trap until the cap
makes contact with the drain.
2. Look for signs of leaking lines and correct any problems
found.
7. Replace the retaining screw.
3. Check gas line using the procedure found in Section 6
- Gas Connections.
59
Installation & Operation Manual
11
Maintenance
Flue vent system and air piping
1.
Visually inspect the entire flue gas venting system and air
piping for blockage, deterioration or leakage. Repair any
joints that show signs of leakage. Verify that air inlet pipe
is connected and properly sealed.
2.
Verify that boiler vent discharge and air intake are clean
and free of obstructions.
WARNING
Failure to inspect for the above conditions
and have them repaired can result in
severe personal injury or death.
Check water system
1. Verify all system components are correctly installed and
operational.
2. Check the cold fill pressure for the system. Verify it is
correct (must be a minimum of 12 psi (82.7 kPa)).
3. Watch the system pressure as the boiler heats up (during
testing) to ensure pressure does not rise too high.
Excessive pressure rise indicates expansion tank sizing or
performance problem.
4. Inspect automatic air vents and air separators. Remove
air vent caps and briefly press push valve to flush vent.
Replace caps. Make sure vents do not leak. Replace any
leaking vents.
Check expansion tank
1. Expansion tanks provide space for water to move in
and out as the heating system water expands due to
temperature increase or contracts as the water cools.
Tanks may be open, closed or diaphragm or bladder
type. See Section 5 - Hydronic Piping for suggested best
location of expansion tanks and air eliminators.
Check boiler relief valve
1.
Inspect the relief valve and lift the lever to verify flow.
Before operating any relief valve, ensure that it is piped
with its discharge in a safe area to avoid severe scald
potential. Read Section 5 - Hydronic Piping before
proceeding further.
60
WARNING
Safety relief valves should be re-inspected
AT LEAST ONCE EVERY THREE
YEARS, by a licensed plumbing contractor
or authorized inspection agency, to ensure
that the product has not been affected
by corrosive water conditions and to
ensure that the valve and discharge line
have not been altered or tampered with
illegally. Certain naturally occurring
conditions may corrode the valve or its
components over time, rendering the
valve inoperative. Such conditions are
not detectable unless the valve and its
components are physically removed and
inspected. This inspection must only
be conducted by a plumbing contractor
or authorized inspection agency – not
by the owner. Failure to re-inspect the
boiler relief valve as directed could result
in unsafe pressure buildup, which can
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Following installation, the valve lever
WARNING must be operated AT LEAST ONCE
A YEAR to ensure that waterways
are clear. Certain naturally occurring
mineral deposits may adhere to the valve,
rendering it inoperative. When manually
operating the lever, water will discharge
and precautions must be taken to avoid
contact with hot water and to avoid water
damage. Before operating lever, check
to see that a discharge line is connected
to this valve directing the flow of hot
water from the valve to a proper place
of disposal. Otherwise severe personal
injury may result. If no water flows, valve
is inoperative. Shut down the boiler until
a new relief valve has been installed.
2. After following the above warning directions, if the relief
valve weeps or will not seat properly, replace the relief
valve. Ensure that the reason for relief valve weeping is
the valve and not over-pressurization of the system due
to expansion tank waterlogging or undersizing.
Installation & Operation Manual
11
Maintenance
Inspect ignition
sense electrodes
and
(continued)
flame
1. Remove the ignition and flame sense electrodes
from the boiler heat exchanger access covers.
2. Remove any deposits accumulated on the ignition/
flame sense electrode using sandpaper. If the
electrodes cannot be cleaned satisfactorily, replace
with new ones.
3. Replace ignition/flame sense electrodes, making
sure the gaskets are in good condition and correctly
positioned.
Check burner flame
1.
Inspect flame through observation window.
2.
If the flame is unsatisfactory at either high fire or low fire,
turn off boiler and allow boiler to cool down. Remove the
burners and clean them thoroughly using a vacuum cleaner or
compressed air. Do not use compressed air to clean burners if
performed inside a building.
3.
Remove the burners, reference FIG. 11-2.
4.
When replacing the burners, ensure gaskets are in good
condition and positioned correctly (FIG. 11-2).
Figure 11-2 Burner Assembly
Check ignition ground wiring
DOOR FIBER
DOOR
TEMPERATURE
SWITCH
1. Inspect boiler ground wire from the heat exchanger
access cover to ground terminal strip.
BURNER DOOR
BURNER DOOR
HEX NUT (6)
2. Verify all wiring is in good condition and securely
attached.
3. Check ground continuity of wiring using continuity
meter.
4. Replace ground wires if ground continuity is not
satisfactory.
BURNER
AIR/GAS GASKET
IGNITER GASKET
FLAPPER VALVE
SCREW (5X)
FLAME SENSE GASKET
FLAME SENSE
FLAPPER VALVE
FLAME SENSE
SCREW (2X)
IGNITER SCREW (2X)
IGNITER
IMG00972
Check all boiler wiring
Check flame signal
1. Inspect all boiler wiring, making sure wires are in
good condition and securely attached.
1. At high fire the flame signal shown on the display should be at
least 10 microamps.
Check control settings
1. Set the control module display to Parameter Mode
and check all settings. See Section 1 of the SYNC
Service Manual. Adjust settings if necessary.
See Section 1 of the SYNC Service Manual for
adjustment procedures.
2. A lower flame signal may indicate a fouled or damaged flame
sense electrode. If cleaning the flame sense electrode does
not improve, ground wiring is in good condition, and ground
continuity is satisfactory, replace the flame sense electrode.
3. See Section 3 - Troubleshooting in the SYNC Service Manual
for other procedures to deal with low flame signal.
2. Check settings of external limit controls (if any) and
adjust if necessary.
Review with owner
Perform start-up and checks
1. Review the SYNC User’s Information Manual with the owner.
1.
Start boiler and perform checks and tests specified
in Section 9 - Start-up.
2.
Verify cold fill pressure is correct and that operating
pressure does not go too high.
2. Emphasize the need to perform the maintenance schedule
specified in the SYNC User’s Information Manual (and in this
manual as well).
3. Remind the owner of the need to call a licensed contractor
should the boiler or system exhibit any unusual behavior.
4. Remind the owner to follow the proper shutdown procedure
and to schedule an annual start-up at the beginning of the next
heating season.
61
Installation & Operation Manual
11
Maintenance
Cleaning boiler heat exchanger
For recommended materials; including brush, appropriate
extension(s), refractory cover, and detailed instructions see
Table 11B - Heat Exchanger Cleaning Kits.
1. Shut down boiler:
• Follow the “To Turn Off Gas to Appliance” instructions
for the boiler in Section 9 - Startup.
• Do not drain the boiler unless it will be exposed to
freezing temperatures. If using freeze prevention fluid
in system, do not drain.
2. Allow time for the boiler to cool to room temperature if it
has been firing.
3. Remove the nuts securing the heat exchanger access cover
to the heat exchanger and set aside.
4.
Remove the heat exchanger access cover, burner, and
gas/air arm assembly.
Table 11B Heat Exchanger Cleaning Kits
Model
Number
8. Finish cleaning using a clean cloth dampened with warm
water. Rinse out debris with a low pressure water supply.
9. Allow the heat exchanger to thoroughly dry.
10. Remove the field supplied rear refractory cover from the
back of the combustion chamber of the heat exchanger and
reassemble.
11. Close isolation valves on piping to isolate boiler from
system. Attach a hose to the boiler drain and flush boiler
thoroughly with clean water by using purging valves to
allow water to flow through the water make-up line to the
boiler.
12. Perform start-up and check-out procedures in the Check
Flame and Combustion - Section 9 - Startup on pages 46
and 48 of this manual.
13. Replace the access cover and restore boiler to operation.
62
Component
Description
100162565*
Nylon 4" Wheel Brush*
1/4" x 12" Drill Extension
100162568
1/4" x 24" Drill Extension
CAUTION
* Do NOT use a metal brush. Only use
the kit provided brush or an equivalent
replacement nylon brush.
Figure 11-3 Rope Gasket - Heat Exchanger Door
ROPE GASKET
5. Remove the condensate hose from the heat exchanger end.
Connect a field supplied 3/4" diameter hose to a drain pan.
Using field supplied means, cover the refractory in the back
of the combustion chamber of the heat exchanger.
7. Brush the heat exchanger while dry using a nylon bristle
brush. Caution: DO NOT use a metal brush. Re-vacuum
the heat exchanger.
Part
Number
SB 1.0 - 1.5 100157628 100162567
WARNING The boiler contains ceramic fiber materials.
Use care when handling these materials
per instructions on page 63 of this manual.
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury.
6. Use a vacuum cleaner to remove any accumulation on the
boiler heating surfaces. Do not use any solvent.
Kit
Number
CAUTION: IF GASKET IS DAMAGED
DO NOT REUSE, THE HEAT EXCHANGER DOOR
MUST BE REPLACED.
NOTICE
Rope gasket is intended for sealing combustion
(FIG. 11-3). If damaged DO NOT reuse, the
heat exchanger door must be replaced. Consult
factory for replacement heat exchanger door
(kit 100173799).
Installation & Operation Manual
11
Maintenance
(continued)
Handling ceramic fiber materials
REMOVAL OF COMBUSTION CHAMBER LINING
WARNING
The combustion chamber insulation in this appliance contains ceramic fiber material. Ceramic fibers can
be converted to cristobalite in very high temperature applications. The International Agency for Research
on Cancer (IARC) has concluded, “Crystalline silica in the form of quartz or cristobalite from occupational
sources is carcinogenic to humans (Group 1).” Normal operating temperatures in this appliance are below
the level to convert ceramic fibers to cristobalite. Abnormal operating conditions would have to be created
to convert the ceramic fibers in this appliance to cristobalite.
The ceramic fiber material used in this appliance is an irritant; when handling or replacing the ceramic
materials it is advisable that the installer follow these safety guidelines.
Avoid breathing dust and contact with skin and eyes.
• Use NIOSH certified dust respirator (N95). This type of respirator is based on the OSHA
requirements for cristobalite at the time this document was written. Other types of respirators may
be needed depending on the job site conditions. Current NIOSH recommendations can be found on
the NIOSH website at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/homepage.html. NIOSH approved respirators,
manufacturers, and phone numbers are also listed on this website.
• Wear long-sleeved, loose fitting clothing, gloves, and eye protection.
Apply enough water to the combustion chamber lining to prevent airborne dust.
 Remove the combustion chamber lining from the boiler and place it in a plastic bag for disposal.
 Wash potentially contaminated clothes separately from other clothing. Rinse clothes washer thoroughly.
NIOSH stated First Aid.
 Eye: Irrigate immediately.
 Breathing: Fresh air.
63
Installation & Operation Manual
12
Diagrams
Figure 12-1 Ladder Diagram_Part 1
BOX DEPICTS
OPTIONAL ITEMS
LOW VOLTAGE
120 VAC
HIGH VOLTAGE
CONTROL
MODULE 1
CONTROL
MODULE 2
LOUVER
RELAY 1
X8
X6-8
X8
X5-7
X5-7
24V
FLAP
VALVE
24V
LOUVER
RELAY 2
X5-4
X5-4
AIR PRESSURE
SWITCH
X5-14
FLAP
VALVE
HI-LIMIT
AIR PRESSURE
SWITCH
X5-14
HI-LIMIT
X6-8
X5-8
INLET
SENSOR
INLET
SENSOR
X5-8
X5-1
OUTLET
SENSOR
X5-1
OUTLET
SENSOR
X5-9
X5-9
X5-2
X5-2
FLUE
SENSOR
FLUE
SENSOR
X5-3
X5-3
BLOCKED
DRAIN
DOOR
TEMP
SW
O-TEMP
HEX SW
AUTO RESET
HIGH LIMIT X5-10
O-TEMP
HEX SW
DOOR TEMP
SW
AUTO RESET
HIGH LIMIT X5-10
X2-2
X2-2
GAS VALVE
RELAY
GAS VALVE
X2-1
BLOWER
1
X5-5
2
X5-13
X2-1
BLOWER
X5-6
4
X5-6
5
X5-12
TR1
TR1
X1-7
X1-7
FLAME ROD
SPARK
ROD
HIGH VOLTAGE SPARK LEAD
CAUTION
CONNECTION BOARD
CN3
CN3-16
CN3-15
CN3-14
CN3-13
SHIELD
CN3-12
TANK
SENSOR
HIGH VOLTAGE SPARK LEAD
CONTROL
MODULE 1
CONTROL
MODULE 2
CN4-3
X4-3
CN4-1
X4-1
CN4-2
X4-2
X4-2
CN4-4
X4-4
X4-4
CN4-6
X4-6
X4
X4-3
X4
X4-1
CN3-11
CN3-10
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CN3-9
CN3-8
SYSTEM
SENSOR
EXTERNAL
CONTROL
X5-13
X5-12
4
SHIELD
X5-5
2
4
FLAME ROD
CASCADE
RS485
1
5
SPARK
ROD
CAUTION
GAS VALVE
RELAY
GAS VALVE
CN3-7
-
MOD BUS
RS485
SHIELD
+
X4-5
CN4-8
X4-8
CN4-7
X4-7
CN4-9
X4-9
CN4-10
X4-10
CN3-6
10VDC
SHIELD
CN4-5
CN3-5
CN3-4
CN3-3
CN3-2
CN3-1
MOD BUS
KIT
NOTES:
1. Where possible, switches are shown without utilities (gas, water or
electricity) connected to the unit. As such, actual switch states may
vary from those shown on diagrams depending upon whether utilities
are connected or a fault condition is present.
2. See wiring diagram for additional notes.
64
LADDER DIAGRAM
LBL20411REV A
Installation & Operation Manual
12
Diagrams
(continued)
Figure 12-2 Ladder Diagram_Part 2
BOX DEPICTS
OPTIONAL ITEMS
JUNCTION BOX
120VAC
NEUTRAL
TERMINAL STRIP
120V SUPPLY "L"
LOW VOLTAGE
120 VAC
HIGH VOLTAGE
GROUND
TERMINAL STRIP
120V SUPPLY "N"
L1
JUNCTION BOX
N
LOUVER
MOTOR
CONTROL MODULE 1
ON / OFF
SWITCH
F5
X1-6
X1-2
SYSTEM PUMP
RELAY
X1-4
HEX 1
BOILER PUMP
RELAY
LOUVER
CONTACTS
SYSTEM PUMP
RELAY
5A
HEX 1
BOILER PUMP
CONTACTS
BOILER
PUMP
HEX 2
BOILER PUMP
CONTACTS
BOILER
PUMP
SYSTEM
PUMP
CONTACTS
SYSTEM
PUMP
BOILER PUMP
RELAY
X1-8
JUNCTION BOX
X1-3
JUNCTION
BOX
DHW PUMP
RELAY
(FIELD SUPPLIED)
DHW PUMP
RELAY
BLOWER
F4
BLOWER
RELAY
F3
1.25A
F2
X6-7
3.5A
3
DHW
PUMP
CONTACTS
3
(FIELD SUPPLIED)
DHW
PUMP
X1-5
120 VAC
X5-7
2
1
X1-1
3.5A
X6-8
DHW
PUMP
LWCO
24 VAC
J3-2
X6-3
X6-2
LOW GAS
PRESSURE
SWITCH
HIGH GAS
PRESSURE
SWITCH 1
CONTROL
MODULE 1
X6-5
CONTROL MODULE 2
ON / OFF
SWITCH
F5
X1-6
HIGH GAS
PRESSURE
SWITCH 2
X1-2
SYSTEM PUMP
RELAY
5A
CONTROL
MODULE 2
X6-5
HEX 2
BOILER PUMP
RELAY
X1-4
BOILER PUMP
RELAY
X1-8
X1-3
JUNCTION
BOX
DHW PUMP
RELAY
BLOWER
F4
F3
1.25A
2
1
X1-1
3.5A
BLOWER
RELAY
CONTROL
MODULE 1
3
120 VAC
X5-7
F2
X6-7
3.5A
X6-8
X6-10
24 VAC
X6-9
X6-2
X6-1
X6-6
X3-2
X3-4
X3-1
X3-3
CONNECTION
BOARD
CONNECTION
BOARD
6
5
CN1-4
CN1-6
CONTROL
MODULE 2
LOUVER
PROVING
CN1-12
10
9
CN1-13
7
HEX 1
FLOW
SWITCH
8
CN1-5
CN1-6
HEX 2
FLOW SWITCH
X6-9
12
11
X6-10
CN1-3
HW
THERMOSTAT
13
14
CN1-11
ENABLE
X3-4
4
RUN TIME
CONTACTS
X3-1
CN1-15
CN1-10
J3-5
LWCO
CN1-7
J3-4
ALARM
CONTACTS
J3-3
X3-3
3
1
J3-6
X3-2
2
NOTES:
1. Where possible, switches are shown without utilities (gas, water or
electricity) connected to the unit. As such, actual switch states may
vary from those shown on diagrams depending upon whether utilities
are connected or a fault condition is present.
2. See wiring diagram for additional notes.
CN1-8
TEST SWITCH
PROBE
LADDER DIAGRAM
LBL20046 REV G
65
Installation & Operation Manual
12
Diagrams
Figure 12-3 Wiring Diagram
LOW VOLTAGE
120 VAC
HIGH VOLTAGE
X3
BOX DEPICTS
OPTIONAL ITEMS
CM 1 PC INTERFACE
X5
PC INTERFACE
LOUVER
RELAY
BOARD
X8
X1-4
BR
OR
K1
CONNECTION BOARD
SHIELD
X1-2
PR
BR
K2
CN4
BOILER 1
BR
CN3-15
X4
PR
CN3-14
K3
CN3-13
SHIELD
BOILER 2
OR
CM 2 PC
INTERFACE
CN3
CN3-16
CASCADE
RS485
JUNCTION
BOX
LOUVER
CONTACTS
R2
R1
CONTROL
MODULE 1
X1-3
GY
X1-6
BK
X1-5
W
SYSTEM
PUMP
PR
CN3-12
TANK
SENSOR
ON/OFF SWITCH
CN3-10
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
CN3-9
GND
X1-8
CN3-7
EXTERNAL
CONTROL
-
SHIELD
MOD BUS
RS485
SHIELD
N
R W G
4 CONDUCTORS
1 2 3
CN3-5
CN1
BLOWER
CN3-4
1 2 3 4 5
CN3-3
CN1-10
CN3-2
CN1-2
CN3-1
MOD BUS
KIT
CN1-9
BL
CN1-11
CN2-14
GY
GY
X6-2
X6-7
CN1-3
CN2-12
CN1-4
HEX 1
FLOW
SWITCH
CN2-10
HEX 2
FLOW
SWITCH
CN2-8
CN1-14
CN2-7
CN1-12
RUNTIME
CONTACTS
ALARM
CONTACTS
CN1-5
CN1-6
CN2-9
CN1-13
CN2-6
CN1-15
CN2-5
CN1-16
CN2-4
CN1-8
CN2-3
CN1-7
W
W
GY
T
BR
T
OR
OR/BK
BL
O-TEMP
HEX SW
PR
HI-LIMIT
X5-3
X5-8
BK
X6-9
X5-1
RD
X6-5
X5-2
W
X6-10
X5-9
Y
PK
INLET
SENSOR
OUTLET
SENSOR
FLUE
SENSOR
X6-8
RD
PR
X3-2
RD
X3-4
RD
BK
X2-2
X2-1
PR
GAS
VALVE
Y
PR
PR
RD
G
SPARK
ROD
X3-1
X3-3
W/RD
X1-7
CN1-1
CN2
DOOR TEMP
SW
AUTO RESET LIMIT
X6-1
PK
FLAP
VALVE
APS
BK
OR
X5-7
CN2-2
CN2-1
CAUTION
W
X5-6
X5-12
X5-4
X5-10
X5-14
CN2-11
LOUVER
PROVING
T
X6-6
CN2-13
TANK
THERMOSTAT
LOUVER
RELAY 1
R
X5-5
X5-13
PK
ENABLE
120V SUPPLY
GND
GR
X1-1
CN3-6
10VDC
+
L
GND
CN3-8
SYSTEM
SENSOR
HW PUMP
RELAY
GND
CN3-11
FLAME ROD
BLOCKED
DRAIN
HIGH VOLTAGE SPARK LEAD
CONTROL
MODULE 2
X8
X1-4
X4
X1-3
BR/W
GY
W
X1-5
LOW GAS
PRESSURE SWITCH
HIGH GAS
PRESSURE 1
X1-6
X1-8
X1-1
BK
GR
RD
R W G
1 2 3
HIGH GAS
PRESSURE 2
BLOWER
1 2 3 4 5
LOUVER
RELAY 2
X6-5
BR
LOW
WATER
CUTOFF
BOARD
J3-1
J3-2
J3-3
J3-4
J3-5
J3-6
TEST
SWITCH
OR/BK
BK PROBE
X6-9
OR/BK
X6-10
X5-6
X5-12
X5-4
X5-10
RD
T/BK
W
APS
BK
X5-7
X5-14
FLAP VALVE
OR/BK
GR/BK
DOOR TEMP
SW
AUTO RESET LIMIT
BL
RESET
J2-1
J2-2
J2-3
X5-5
X5-13
BL/BK
O-TEMP
HEX SW
PR/BK
OR
HI-LIMIT
X5-3
X5-8
X5-1
X5-2
PK
BK/RD
INLET
SENSOR
RD/BK
OUTLET
SENSOR
W/BK
FLUE
SENSOR
X5-9
Y/BK
X6-8
PR
X3-2
RD
PR
X3-4
X2-2
X2-1
SPARK
ROD
X3-3
X1-7
66
WIRING DIAGRAM
LBL20410 REV A
GAS
VALVE
Y
X3-1
RD
CAUTION
BK
G
FLAME ROD
RD/W
HIGH VOLTAGE SPARK LEAD
Notes:
1. All wiring must be installed in accordance with: local, state, provincial and national code requirements per either N.E.C. in USA or C.S.A. in Canada.
2. If any original equipment wire as supplied with the appliance must be replaced, it must be replaced with wire having same wire gauge (AWG) and rated for a
minimum of 105°C. Exceptions: Replacement high vo ltage spark lead and ribbon cables must be purchased from the factory. Use of a non-approved spark lead
or ribbon cables can lead to operational problems which could result in non-repairable damage to the integrated controller or other components.
3. Actual connector block locations may vary from those shown on diagrams. Refer to actual components for proper connector block locations when using
diagrams to troubleshoot unit.
Notes
67
Revision Notes: Revision A (ECO #C02428) initial release.
Revision B (ECO #C03046) reflects the addition of FIG. 5-3 on page
27, the addition of a pressure gauge to FIG. 5-6 on page 30, edits
made to FIG. 7-1 on page 35, edits made to the Low Water Cutoff
Protection section on page 48 along with the addition of the Flow
Sensing Device section.
Revision C (ECO #C03223) reflects edits made to the high altitude
section on page 6.
Revision D (ECO #C03735) reflects edits made to the venting section
removal of B149.2, along with the addition of the hydro and dirt
separator.
Revision E (ECO #C04062) reflects changes to the terminology in all
SYNC manuals and labels from module to heat exchanger (exception:
control module), along with changing out “dirt separator” for “Y-strainer
(ECR #R02455), edits made to the ceramic fiber material warning,
removal of the stabilitor from FIG. 11-2 (C04057), and placing the
illustrations disclaimer on all the piping drawings (ECR #R02431).
Revision F (ECO #C04560) reflects the addition of Modbus to the
manual, new heat exchanger cleaning procedure, schedule 80 as
acceptable CPVC material (Table 2A) (R02799), and changes made
to Table 5A.
Revision G (ECO C07283) reflects the update of FIG. 7-1 on page 38
to show current label and wiring connections along with an update to
the Ladder and Wiring diagrams on pages 64 and 65.
Revision H (ECO C07679) reflects the update of FIG. 6-1 on page 34
to show the gas pressure regulator, ECR 04077 - combustible water
pipes changed from 1" to a 1/4", addition of the rope gasket notice on
page 61 (R03940) and changes made to Table 2A on page 19.
Revision I (ECO C07981) reflects the addition of the O-temp switch
and edits made to LBL20045 (ECR R04243 and C07959 - add O-temp
switch, changes made to Table 5A on page 31 (ECR R04335) and
change Module 1 and 2 callouts to HEX 1 and 2 on the label).
Revision J (ECO C08327) reflects changes made to the temperature
callouts under Protection Features on page 50 (ECR R04145).
Revision K (ECO C08407) reflects updates made to LBL20045 (ECR
R04434) along with changing the water outlet from 2 1/2” NPT to 3”
NPT (ECR R04003), pages 4, 6, and 31 and updating the O-temp
switch description on page 4.
Revision L (ECO #C08689) reflects additional information added
to the humidity warning on page 7, updates made to LBL20046
Rev F (ECO CO8689), the addition of the new Polypropylene Vent
material section and rearranging the venting section.
Revision M (ECO C09691) reflects the update of AHRI and ASME
logos on page 6.
Revision N (ECO C10594) reflects the update of Wiring and
Ladder diagrams on pages 64 and 65.
Revision O (ECO 11393) reflects edits made to Table 5A on page
31 along with changes made to the starter piece callout in the
Warning on page 19.
Revision P (ECO #C11814) reflects the addition of Metal Fab as
an approved supplier.
Revision Q (ECO #C14411) reflects the removal of the page
number reference on page 14, changes made to Table 6A - Gas
Piping Chart on page 36 (R6621), along with the condensate trap
changes (R06594), and the addition of the corrosive contaminant
warning on pages 3 and 7 (R06313).
Revision R (ECO #C14713) reflects high altitude updates.
Revision S (ECO #C15251) reflects the addition of the burner door
temperature switch updates (R6322).
Revision T (ECO C17014) reflects the standardization of pressure
drop information on pages 35 and 36.
Revision U (Change #500000695) reflects the addition of ICC
venting options on page 21 (R06799) along with edits made to
the notice on the piping diagrams on pages 32 and 33 (C16461),
edits made to the outlet sensor callout on page 4 (R07074) and
the addition of the California contaminant warning on page 3
(R07228).
Revision V (PCP # 3000001143 / Change #500002167) reflects
the addition of edits made to Boiler Water on page 3, along with
the addition of the Important and Notice items under General
Piping Information on page 28, as well as edits to section 9 (Startup) on pages 43 and 44. SAP part numbers have been updated.
Revision W (PCP# 3000003998 / CN# 500004062) reflects a
change to the Duravent Polypro Adapter number in Table 2E on
page 20.
Revision X (PCP# 3000004438 / CN# 500005574) reflects an
update to the flue temperatures on page 51.
SYNC-I-O_MM #100161722_DIR #2000017704_Rev X
11/16
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