Freedom X Owners Guide.book Page i Wednesday, May 11, 2016 10:32 AM
TM
TM
Owner’s Guide
Freedom X Sine Wave Inverter
Product Part Number
806-1212
Freedom X Owners Guide.book Page ii Wednesday, May 11, 2016 10:32 AM
Freedom X Owners Guide.book Page i Wednesday, May 11, 2016 10:32 AM
Copyright © 2016 Schneider Electric. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks are
owned by Schneider Electric Industries SAS or its affiliated companies.
Exclusion for Documentation
UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, SELLER
(A) MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY
TECHNICAL OR OTHER INFORMATION PROVIDED IN ITS MANUALS OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION;
(B) ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR LOSSES, DAMAGES, COSTS OR EXPENSES,
WHETHER SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL, WHICH MIGHT ARISE
OUT OF THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY SUCH INFORMATION WILL BE ENTIRELY
AT THE USER ’S RISK; AND
(C) REMINDS YOU THAT IF THIS MANUAL IS IN ANY LANGUAGE OTHER THAN ENGLISH,
ALTHOUGH STEPS HAVE BEEN TAKEN TO MAINTAIN THE ACCURACY OF THE TRANSLATION, THE
ACCURACY CANNOT BE GUARANTEED. APPROVED CONTENT IS CONTAINED WITH THE ENGLISH
LANGUAGE VERSION WHICH IS POSTED AT HTTP://WWW.XANTREX.COM.
Contact Information
Telephone:
+1 800 670 0707 
+1 408 987 6030
Email:
customerservice@xantrex.com
Web:
http://www.xantrex.com
Information About Your System
As soon as you open your product, record the following information and be sure to
keep your proof of purchase.
Document Part Number
Serial Number
_________________________________
975-0767-01-01
Product Number
_________________________________
Date and Revision
Purchased From
_________________________________
Purchase Date
_________________________________
May 2016 Rev E
Product Part Number
806-1212 (Freedom X 1200 120VAC)
975-0767-01-01
To view, download, or print the latest revision, visit the website shown under Contact
Information.
i
Freedom X Owners Guide.book Page ii Wednesday, May 11, 2016 10:32 AM
About This Guide
Purpose
The purpose of this Owner’s Guide is to provide explanations and
procedures for operating, maintaining, and troubleshooting a Freedom X
Sine Wave Inverter for Recreational, Fleet Vehicle, or Marine installations.
Scope
The Guide provides safety and operating guidelines as well as information
on installing and configuring the Inverter. It also provides information
about troubleshooting the unit. It does not provide details about particular
brands of batteries. You need to consult individual battery manufacturers
for this information.
Audience
The Guide is intended for users and operators as well as installers of the
Freedom X Sine Wave Inverter.
Abbreviation or Acronym
A
AC
DC
in-lbf
kW
LBCO
LED
N-m
ii
Amps
Alternating Current
Direct Current
inch-pounds or pound-force (a unit of torque)
Kilowatts (1000 watts)
Low Battery Cutout (or Cutoff)
Light Emitting Diode
Newton-meters (a unit of torque)
PV
V
VAC
VDC
W
Photovoltaic (Solar)
Volts
Volts AC
Volts DC
Watts
Related Information
You can find more information about Xantrex products and services at
http://www.xantrex.com.
NOTE: The Installation section starting on page 7 is intended for qualified
personnel. Qualified personnel have training, knowledge, and experience
in:
•
Installing electrical equipment (up to 1000 volts).
•
Applying all applicable installation codes.
•
Analyzing and reducing the hazards involved in performing electrical
work.
•
Selecting and using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).
Freedom X Owner’s Guide
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Important Safety Instructions
IMPORTANT: READ AND SAVE THIS OWNER ’S GUIDE
FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
This guide contains important safety instructions for the Freedom X Sine
Wave Inverter that must be followed during operation and troubleshooting.
Read and keep this Owner’s Guide for future reference.
Read these instructions carefully and look at the equipment to become
familiar with the device before trying to install, operate, service or maintain
it. The following special messages may appear throughout this bulletin or
on the equipment to warn of potential hazards or to call attention to
information that clarifies or simplifies a procedure.
The addition of either symbol to a “Danger” or “Warning” safety
label indicates that an electrical hazard exists which will result in
personal injury if the instructions are not followed.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential
personal injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this
symbol to avoid possible injury or death.
975-0767-01-01
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation, which, if not
avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not
avoided, can result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not
avoided, can result in moderate or minor injury.
NOTICE
NOTICE indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided,
can result in equipment damage.
Important: These notes describe things which are important for you to
know, however, they are not as serious as a caution or warning.
iii
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Safety Information
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
iv
Before using the Inverter, read all instructions and cautionary
markings on the unit, the batteries, and all appropriate sections of
this manual.
Use of accessories not recommended or sold by the manufacturer may
result in a risk of fire, electric shock, or injury to persons.
The inverter is designed to be connected to your AC and DC electrical
systems. The manufacturer recommends that all wiring be done by a
certified technician or electrician to ensure adherence to the local and
national electrical codes applicable in your jurisdiction.
To avoid a risk of fire and electric shock, make sure that existing
wiring is in good condition and that wire is not undersized. Do not
operate the inverter with damaged or substandard wiring.
Do not operate the inverter if it has been damaged in any way.
This unit does not have any user-serviceable parts. Do not disassemble
the inverter except where noted for connecting wiring and cabling. See
your warranty for instructions on obtaining service. Attempting to
service the unit yourself may result in a risk of electrical shock or fire.
Internal capacitors remain charged after all power is disconnected.
To reduce the risk of electrical shock, disconnect both AC and DC
power from the inverter before attempting any maintenance or
cleaning or working on any components connected to the inverter.
Turning off the Inverter using the inverter Power button n the front
panel will not reduce an electrical shock hazard.
The inverter must be provided with an equipment-grounding
conductor connected to the AC input ground.
9.
Do not expose this unit to rain, snow, or liquids of any type. This
product is designed for indoor use only. Damp environments will
significantly shorten the life of this product and corrosion caused by
dampness will not be covered by the product warranty.
10. To reduce the chance of short-circuits, always use insulated tools when
installing or working with this equipment.
11. Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and
watches when working with electrical equipment.
DANGER
ELECTRICAL SHOCK AND FIRE HAZARD
Installation must be done by qualified personnel to ensure compliance
with all applicable installation and electrical codes and regulations.
Instructions for installing the Freedom X Sine Wave Inverter are provided
here for use by qualified personnel only.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
Freedom X Owner’s Guide
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DANGER
HAZARD OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, EXPLOSION, OR ARC
FLASH
• Apply appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and follow
safe electrical work practices. See NFPA 70E or CSA Z462.
• This equipment must only be installed and serviced by qualified
electrical personnel.
• Turn off all power supplying this equipment before working on or
inside equipment.
• Always use a properly rated voltage sensing device to confirm power
is off.
• Replace all devices, doors, and covers before turning on power to this
equipment.
Failure to follow these instructions will result in death or serious injury.
975-0767-01-01
WARNING
FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD
• Unit’s components may produce arcs or sparks.
• Do not install near batteries, in machinery space, or in an area in
which ignition-protected equipment is required.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious
injury.
Areas include any space containing gasoline-powered machinery, fuel
tanks, as well as joints, fittings, or other connections between components
of the fuel system.
v
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CAUTION
ELECTRICAL SHOCK AND FIRE HAZARD
• Do not open. No serviceable parts inside. Provided with integral
protection against overloads. Bonding between conduit connections
is not automatic and must be provided as part of the installation.
• Read manual before installing or using.
• Do not cover or obstruct ventilation openings.
• Do not mount in zero-clearance compartment – overheating may
result.
• Do not expose to rain or spray. This inverter is designed for marine
applications only when additional drip protection is installed in
certain orientations. See “Approved Mounting Orientations” on the
Installation Guide for more information.
• Install GFCIs only as specified in this manual. Other types may fail to
operate.
• Do not connect AC OUT to any other source of power. Damage to
unit may occur.
• For AC IN and AC OUT, use wires suitable for at least 75°C.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in minor or moderate
injury.
NOTES:
1. Follow these instructions and those published by the battery
manufacturer and the manufacturer of any equipment you intend to use
in the vicinity of the battery. Review cautionary markings on these
products and on the engine.
vi
2.
3.
Freedom X inverter products are designed for deep cycle lead-acid
batteries. See warning below when connecting to lithium ion batteries.
Do not use transformerless battery chargers in conjunction with the
inverter due to overheating.
WARNING
LITHIUM ION BATTERY TYPE HAZARD
Make sure to use a lithium ion battery pack that includes a Battery
Management System (BMS) with built-in safety protocols. Follow the
instructions published by the battery manufacturer.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in property damage, death
or serious injury.
CAUTION
PHYSICAL INJURY HAZARD
This Freedom X Sine Wave Inverter is not intended for use by persons
(including children) with reduced physical, sensory, or mental
capabilities or lack of experience and knowledge, unless they have been
given supervision or instruction concerning use of the appliance by a
person responsible for their safety. Children should be supervised to
ensure that they do not play with the appliance.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in minor or moderate injury.
Freedom X Owner’s Guide
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Precautions When Working With Batteries
5.
Important: Battery work and maintenance must be done by qualified
personnel knowledgeable about batteries to ensure compliance with battery
handling and maintenance safety precautions.
6.
WARNING
BURN FROM HIGH SHORT-CIRCUIT CURRENT, FIRE AND
EXPLOSION FROM VENTED GASES HAZARDS
• Always wear proper, non-absorbent gloves, complete eye protection,
and clothing protection. Avoid touching your eyes and wiping your
forehead while working near batteries. See note #4.
• Remove all personal metal items, like rings, bracelets, and watches
when working with batteries. See notes #5 and #6 below.
• Never smoke or allow a spark or flame near the engine or batteries.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
7.
Use extra caution to reduce the risk of dropping a metal tool on the
battery. It could spark or short circuit the battery or other electrical
parts and could cause an explosion. Use tools with insulated handles
only.
Batteries can produce a short circuit current high enough to weld a ring
or metal bracelet or the like to the battery terminal, causing a severe
burn.
When removing a battery, always remove the negative terminal from
the battery first for systems with grounded negative. If it is grounded
positive, remove the positive terminal first. Make sure all loads
connected to the battery and all accessories are off so you don’t cause
an arc.
NOTES:
1. Mount and place the Freedom X Sine Wave Inverter unit away from
batteries in a well ventilated compartment.
2. Always have someone within range of your voice or close enough to
come to your aid when you work near a lead-acid battery.
3. Always have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid
contacts skin, clothing, or eyes.
4. If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap
and water. If acid enters your eye, immediately flood it with running
cold water for at least twenty minutes and have someone within range
of your voice or close enough to get medical attention immediately.
975-0767-01-01
vii
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Precautions When Placing the Inverter
WARNING
FIRE HAZARD
Do not install the inverter or any part of its supplied wiring in engine
compartments.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
Regulatory
The Freedom X Sine Wave Inverter is certified to appropriate US and
Canadian standards. For more information see “Regulatory Approvals” on
page 62.
The Freedom X Sine Wave Inverter is intended to be used for mobile or
commercial applications. This Inverter is designed for marine applications
only when additional drip protection is installed in certain orientations. See
the section on Specifications for information.
CAUTION
BURN HAZARD
Avoid touching the external surfaces - heatsink may be hot.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in minor or moderate injury.
NOTICE
RISK OF DAMAGE TO THE INVERTER
• Never allow battery acid to drip on the inverter when reading gravity,
or filling battery.
• Never place the Freedom X Sine Wave Inverter unit directly above
batteries; gases from a battery will corrode and damage the inverter.
• Do not place a battery on top of the inverter.
Failure to follow these instructions can damage the unit and/or equipment.
viii
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FCC Information to the User
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference
in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to
radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
•
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
•
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
CAUTION
Unauthorized changes or modifications to the equipment could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
975-0767-01-01
ix
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Contents
Important Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Safety Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Installation Tools and Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Basic Installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Marine Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Freedom X Inverter Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Freedom Inverter Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Operating During Transition Between AC Mode and Battery Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Warning Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Troubleshooting Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Inverter Applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
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Freedom X Owners Guide.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 11, 2016 10:32 AM
Introduction
The Freedom X Sine Wave Inverter (Freedom X) is designed with
integrated inverting functions and power management features
suitable for marine, recreational, and commercial vehicle
installations.
Freedom X unit
Display panel
Please read this chapter to familiarize yourself with the main
performance and protection features of the Freedom X.
Materials List
The Freedom X base package includes the following items:
•
•
•
•
one Freedom X unit
one Owner’s Guide and extra safety labels
one set of pre-installed M8 DC terminal nuts (not shown)
one DC ground box lug
NOTE: If any of the items are missing, contact Xantrex or any
authorized Xantrex dealer for replacement. See “Contact
Information” on page i.
Product image shown may
vary from actual product.
Ow
sG
ner’
uid
e
Owner’s Guide
and extra labels
DC ground
box lug
Figure 1 What’s In The Box
975-0767-01-01
1
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Introduction
Key Features
Power for Most Appliances The Freedom X inverter provides up
to 1200 watts of continuous utility grade, sine wave power derived
from a battery bank. It is designed to handle loads such as
microwave ovens, TVs, DVD/Blu-ray players, and power tools. In
addition, the Freedom X’s high-surge capability lets you handle
many hard-to-start loads, including full size residential refrigerators.
The built-in transfer switch automatically transfers between inverter
power and shore power from recreational facilities such as boat
docks or campsites to ensure power is always available.
Back-up Capability If incoming shore power is interrupted by
external events like brownouts, the Freedom X automatically
becomes an independent power sourcea that supplies utility grade
AC power to your loads.
Comprehensive Protection The Freedom X’s built-in protection
features safeguard your batteries (from unnecessary drain) such as
the low battery voltage alarm and shutdown and protect equipment
such as a configurable AC transfer speed.
Selectable Low Battery Shutdown The low battery shutdown
for the inverter can be manually selected by the user from 10.5 to
12.1 VDC.
Low Voltage Shutdown Delay Timer Configurable from 1 to
300 seconds to reduce an unnecessary shutdown of inverter
operation such as during cranking or other brief but heavy discharge
of battery.
Inverter Power Save The Freedom X can be programmed to
automatically turn off after 1 to 25 hours of continued operation of
loads that are under 50 watts. It is designed, with LBCO (low
battery cutout), to prevent the battery from deep discharge.
Low Power Consumption When the inverter is power saving and
the Freedom X is inverting without a load, it draws less than
0.6 amp of current from the battery (or battery bank). This feature
allows the unit to operate without draining too much stored energy.
Configurable AC Transfer Speed The Freedom X allows two
speed settings for the AC transfer from AC Mode to Battery Mode
and vice versa which avoids nuisance resetting of appliances. The
normal transfer rate is for common appliances and the faster transfer
rate is designed for more sensitive digital equipment like a desktop
computer.
a.Assuming the inverter is connected to a battery source with an adequate charge at
the time of the power interruption.
2
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Introduction
Overload Alarm and Shutdown During Battery Mode (also
called Inverter Mode), the Freedom X automatically alerts you if the
loads that are connected and drawing power from the unit are close
to approaching the maximum operating limit. If so, the Freedom X
automatically shuts down when the maximum operating limit is
exceeded. See page 56 for precautions.
Over temperature Alarm and Shutdown During Battery Mode,
the Freedom X automatically alerts you if it is overheating and
approaching the over-temperature shutdown limit. The Freedom X
automatically shuts down when the limit is exceeded. See page 56
for precautions.
Ignition Control The Freedom X provides two user-selectable
options for ignition control:
•
Ignition Auto-on: The Freedom X can automatically turn
the inverter on and off in tandem with the vehicle's ignition
circuit or a manually operated remote switch.
• Ignition Lockout: The Freedom X features the ability to
inhibit the inverter from operating in the absence of a
voltage signal from a vehicle's ignition circuit. This is
particularly useful if the inverter is required to operate only
when a vehicle's engine is running.
AC Output Frequency The Freedom X is factory set to 60 Hz
AC output frequency. It can be configured to 50 Hz for use in
regions outside the USA and Canada that operate on 115 VAC/
50 Hz
975-0767-01-01
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Features
Table 1 lists the default settings for the Freedom X system.
AC Panel
You may record your settings in the right-hand column after you
have configured the Freedom X.
Item
Default Setting
Power Save Time
Power Save (Load Sensing)
LBCO Voltage Setting
LBCO Shutdown Delay
Ignition Control
Transfer Mode
Output Frequency
Alarm Buzzer
 - 25 hours
 - Disabled
 - 10.5 volts
 - 300 seconds
 - Off
 - Appliance
 - 60 Hz
 - On
10
1
Table 1 Freedom X Default Values
Your Setting
2
3
9
4
Feature
1
5
7
6
8
Description
Location of GFCIa receptacles (customer-supplied GFCI).
2
ACC input terminal for connecting ignition control wiring.
3
RJ12 port allows you to connect an accessory remote control device.
4
Mounting flanges on both sides allow you to mount the inverter permanently
on deck or on a wall.
5
Ignition Control Switch (ACC) for connecting [ON (|)] and disconnecting
[OFF (O)] the ignition signal.
6
Reset button for 15 A supplementary protector protects the customersupplied GFCI. Press to recover from an overload condition.
7
AC knockout can be removed for routing AC output wiring.
8
Grounding stud with attached nut provides a ground path for the Freedom X
chassis to the DC system ground.
9
AC knockout can be removed for routing AC input wiring.
10
Captive nut panel screw holds the AC compartment cover in place.
a. Designed to fit GFCI device: Eaton/Cooper SGF15W
4
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Features
DC Panel
Display Panel
1
2
3
2
1
3
888
VAC
INPUT
AC MODE
888
VAC
OUTPUT
4
Batt. MODE
5
4
Feature
5
Description
1
Positive DC cabling terminal connects to the positive terminal of the battery
using a battery cable. The terminal nut is pre-installed.
2
Captive nut panel screw holds the DC compartment cover in place.
3
Negative DC cabling terminal connects to the negative terminal of the
battery using a battery cable. The terminal nut is pre-installed.
4
Grounding stud with attached nut provides a ground path for the Freedom X
chassis to the DC system ground.
5
Ventilation grille (openings) must not be obstructed for the proper operation
of the cooling fan and inverter. When the inverter is mounted, the ventilation
grille must not point up or down.
Cooling fans turn on when powering loads above 500 watts or when the
internal temperature reaches a set point temperature.
975-0767-01-01
Feature
Description
1
Display panel displays inverter status and battery status information on the
screen. It is comprised of a display screen, LEDs, select and power buttons.
2
Multi-function LCD screen shows status information and fault codes.
3
Status LEDs indicate the mode of operation.
4
Three select buttons change status information displayed on the screen. Also,
changes inverter settings.
5
Inverter Power button is pressed for inverter operation. The button stays
down for On and up for Off.
IMPORTANT: See “Viewing Information on the LCD Screen” on page 37 for detailed
information on the panel’s buttons.
5
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Features
Side Panel
AC and DC Compartment Covers
2
1
1
2
4
3
Feature
6
Description
1
15 A supplementary protector provides overload protection for the
customer-supplied GFCI receptacles. In a hard wired installation, the
supplementary protector does not protect output wiring.
2
Grounding stud provides a ground path for the Freedom X chassis to the DC
system ground.
Feature
1
Description
DC Compartment Cover protects the DC compartment from debris and
keeps the DC cables secure. Using the captive nut panel screw, the cover can
be opened and lifted out during wiring.
2
Captive nut panel screw holds the DC compartment cover in place.
3
AC Compartment Cover protects the AC compartment from debris and
keeps the AC cables secure. Using the captive nut panel screw, the cover can
be opened and lifted out during wiring.
4
Captive nut panel screw holds the AC compartment cover in place.
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Before You Begin the Installation
Installation Codes
Before beginning your installation:
Governing installation codes vary depending on the specific
location and application of the installation. Some examples include
the following:
•
•
•
•
Read this entire Installation section so you can plan the
installation from beginning to end.
Assemble all the tools and materials you require for the
installation.
Review the Important Safety Instructions on page iii.
Be aware of all safety and electrical codes which must be met.
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK AND FIRE HAZARD
• All wiring should be done by qualified personnel to ensure
compliance with all applicable installation codes and regulations.
• Disconnect all AC and DC power sources.
• Disable and secure all AC and DC disconnect devices and automatic
generator starting devices.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
975-0767-01-01
•
•
•
•
•
The U.S. National Electrical Code (NEC)
The Canadian Electrical Code (CEC)
The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFRs)
Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and the RV Industry
Association (RVIA) for installations in RVs
The American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC) for Marine
installations in the U.S.
It is the installer’s responsibility to ensure that all applicable
installation requirements are met.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
Safety Instructions
7
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Installation Tools and Materials
You will need the following to install the Freedom X:
❐ Wire stripper
❐ Mounting (#2) screws or bolts
❐ #2 Phillips screwdriver
❐ 3mm slot long neck screwdriver for spring clamp AC terminals
❐ Wrench for DC terminals (½" or 13mm socket wrench)
❐ AC cablea (that is, two-conductor-plus-ground cable), sized
appropriately for load and application
❐ ½" strain relief clampsb (for the AC knockouts)
❐ Wire nuts or crimp connectors for AC wire and appropriate
tools
❐ DC cable, sized appropriately for load and application
❐ Lugs for DC cables to fit 5/16" DC stud terminals as well as
appropriate tools (like a crimping tool)
❐ AC and DC disconnects and over-current protective devices
a. Type S, SE, SEOO, SO, ST, STO, SJ, SJE, SJEOO, SJT or SJTO cord
b. Compatible strain-relief clamp with manufacturer part number: 3302-TB
8
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Basic Installation Procedures
❐ Step 1: Designing the Installation on page 10
❐ Step 2: Choosing a Location for the Unit on page 15
❐ Step 3: Mounting the Unit on page 16
❐ Step 4: Connecting the AC Input Wires on page 18
❐ Step 5: Connecting AC Output to an Existing AC Circuit on
page 22
❐ Step 6: Connecting the DC Cables on page 26
❐ Step 7: Testing Your Installation on page 32
975-0767-01-01
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
This section provides sample installation information as a guide for
your installation. For your convenience, the overall procedure is
divided into these main steps:
9
Freedom X Owners Guide.book Page 10 Wednesday, May 11, 2016 10:32 AM
Basic Installation Procedures
Step 1: Designing the Installation
Most Freedom X installations share common components, and
some of these are briefly described in Figure 1.
Figure 1 shows some components and their relationship to each
other in a typical recreational vehicle or fleet vehicle installation.
Also, see “Marine Installation” on page 34.
Equipment Ground
D C Fuse /
disconnect or
circuit breaker
12V Deep Cycle
Battery
AC Load Panel
AC Source Panel
Automatic or Manual AC
Source Select or Switch
Equipment Ground
Starting Battery
Shorepower
Generator
Figure 1 Typical Recreational Vehicle and Fleet Vehicle Installation
10
Freedom X Owner’s Guide
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A source of 120 volts AC 60Hz sine wave alternating current
provides energy to pass power through to AC loads. This source is
usually the utility grid (power company) or an AC generator. An
automatic or manual AC source selector switch can be used to
switch between the multiple sources of shore power to the Freedom
X system.
The AC source feeding the Freedom X must have the neutral
conductor bonded to ground. When the inverter passes shore power
through, it will lift its internal bonding relay on the output and will
rely on the input being bonded in order to ensure that the power
delivered to a sub panel is properly bonded. See “AC Output
Neutral Bonding” on page 13 for more information on bonding
relay operation.
Important: Throughout this manual, the term “shore power” refers
to AC input power from a utility grid, generator, or other AC source.
AC Disconnect and Over-Current Protection Device
Most safety requirements and electrical codes require the Freedom X’s
AC and DC inputs and outputs to be provided with over-current
protection (such as circuit breakers or fuses) and disconnect devices.
Basic Installation Procedures
X input must be sized adequately to carry current up to the rating of
the input breaker and in accordance with the electrical codes or
regulations applicable to your installation.
AC Output: The circuit breaker or fuse must be rated at no more
than the rating of the input breaker in the installation and must be
approved for use on 120 volts AC branch circuits. The wire used
between the Freedom X and the AC output breaker must be of
adequate size to match the AC input circuit breaker’s rating. The
wiring from each AC output breaker to each of the loads must be
adequately sized to carry the current rating of the individual AC
output breaker.
Disconnect Devices: Each system requires a method of
disconnecting the AC circuits. If the over-current protection devices
are circuit breakers, they will also serve as the disconnects. If fuses
are used, separate AC disconnect switches will be needed ahead of
the fuses. These will have to be a branch circuit rated for 120 volts
AC and have an appropriate current rating.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
AC Shore Power
AC Input: The circuit breaker or fuse (connected through hard
wiring) that is used to supply the Freedom X must be rated at no
more than 30A and must be approved for use on 120 volts AC
branch circuits. The wire used between the breaker and the Freedom
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Basic Installation Procedures
AC Distribution Panels
AC Cabling
Most systems incorporate distribution centers both ahead of the
Freedom X (the AC source panel) and between the Freedom X and
the loads (the AC load panel). An AC source panel includes a main
circuit breaker, which serves as over-current protection and as a
disconnect for the AC shore power supply line. Additional circuit
breakers serve individual circuits, one of which serves the Freedom
X. The AC load panel can incorporate an AC output circuit breaker
and breakers for individual load circuits.
AC cabling includes all the wires and connectors between the AC
source and the Freedom X, as well as all cabling between the
Freedom X and the AC output panels, circuit breakers, and loads.
The type and size of the wiring varies with the installation and load.
For example, in high vibration environments, such as marine or RV
applications, wire nuts may not be acceptable, so crimp splices
would be required. In other applications, flexible multiple-strand
wire may be required. Installation codes usually specify solid or
stranded, overall size of the conductors, and type and temperature
rating of the insulation around the wire. Cord must be of type S, SE,
SEOO, SO, ST, STO, SJ, SJE, SJEOO, SJT or SJTO.
NOTICE
RISK OF DAMAGE TO THE INVERTER
Do not connect the Freedom X to a 120/240V, 3-pole, 4-wire circuit.
Failure to follow these instructions can damage the unit and/or equipment.
12
AC breakers and fuses must be sized to adequately protect the
wiring that is installed on the input and output AC circuits of the
Freedom X. All breakers and wiring must be sized and connected in
accordance with the electrical codes or regulations applicable to
your installation. Table 1 gives some examples of wiring sizes based
on the U.S. National Electrical Code and the Canadian Electrical
Code. These examples are based on using a two-conductor-plusground cable rated at 75 °C, and assuming an ambient temperature
of up to 30 °C. Ensure that your breakers and fuses have suitable
temperature ratings for your wiring. Other codes and regulations
may also be applicable to your installation.
Table 1 Required AC Wire Size vs Breaker Rating
Breaker Size (amps)
10A
15A
20A
30A
Minimum Wire Size
14AWG
14AWG
12AWG
10AWG
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AC Output Neutral Bonding
DC Cabling
The neutral conductor of the Freedom X’s AC output circuit (that is,
AC Output Neutral) is automatically connected to the safety ground
during inverter operation. When AC utility power is present this
connection is not present, so that the utility neutral (that is, AC
Input Neutral) is only connected to utility ground at your source.
This conforms to the National Electrical Code (NEC), which
requires that separately derived AC sources (such as inverters and
generators) have their neutral conductors tied to ground in the same
way that the neutral conductor from the utility is tied to ground in
only one place. Check the regulations for your specific application
to ensure that the installation will comply with the necessary
requirements. In other words, the AC Input Neutral and Output
Neutral must be isolated from each other.
This includes all the cables and connectors between the batteries,
the DC disconnect and over-current protection device, and the
Freedom X. Most mobile installations require multi-strand insulated
cables for flexibility and durability in high vibration environments
and require disconnects and over-current devices. Electrical wiring
sizes in North America are indicated by AWG notation. In other
parts of the world, the metric system is used. Under the AWG
standard, a larger gauge number indicates a smaller wire diameter.
Wire size is usually marked on the larger sized cables. Table 2
specifies the minimum recommended DC cable size and maximum
fuse size for the Freedom X. The DC cables must be copper and
must be rated 75 °C minimum. The cables should be terminated
with lugs that fit the DC stud terminals snugly (5/16" hole size).
AC Grounding
Table 2 Recommended Cable and Fuse Sizes
As per UL458 SA29.5, for all permanently connected marine
inverters: The Freedom X should be connected to a grounded,
metal, permanent wiring system. Also, make sure that an AC
ground wire is connected to the AC ground terminal on the unit. Do
not just connect the line and neutral wires.
All connections to the unit should comply with all local codes and
ordinances.
975-0767-01-01
Inverter
Freedom X 120VAC
Cable Length:
Battery to Inverter Minimum
(one way)
Cable Size
Maximum
battery Fuse
Size
Less than 5 feet 
(1.5 meters)
150 A DC
No. 2 AWG
NOTE: It is not recommended using a cable longer than 5 feet (1.5 meters) in each
direction. North American cable sizes above are based on the US National Electrical
Code Table 310.17 - 75 °C cables, assuming an ambient temperature of 30 °C cables.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
Basic Installation Procedures
13
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Basic Installation Procedures
Important: Using the correct cable size is critical to achieving the rated
performance of the Freedom X unit. When starting a heavy load the
Freedom X can draw current surges from the battery of up to 400A. If the
DC wiring is too small the voltage drop from this surge will result in a
voltage at the Freedom X terminals that is too low for the Freedom X to
operate correctly. The Freedom X may appear to operate correctly with
smaller cables until a heavy load such as a microwave or refrigerator
attempts to start - then the unit may work correctly sometimes and not work
correctly other times.
DC Disconnects and Over-Current Devices
The DC circuit from the battery to the Freedom X must be equipped
with a disconnect and over-current device. This usually consists of a
circuit breaker, a “fused-disconnect”, or a separate fuse and DC
disconnect. Do not confuse AC circuit breakers with DC circuit
breakers. They are not interchangeable. The rating of the fuse or
breaker must be matched to the size of cables used in accordance
with the applicable installation codes. The breaker or disconnect
and fuse should be located as close as possible to the battery, in the
positive cable. Applicable codes may limit how far the protection
can be from the battery.
14
Batteries
The Freedom X uses 12-volt battery banks. Every Freedom X
system is recommended to have a deep-cycle battery or group of
batteries with a total capacity of 100 Ah or more which provides the
DC current that the Freedom X converts to AC.
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs)
A GFCI is a device that de-energizes a circuit when a current to
ground exceeds a specified value that is less than that required to
blow the circuit breaker. GFCIs are intended to protect people from
electric shocks and are usually required in wet or damp locations.
Installations in marine and recreational vehicles require GFCI
protection of branch circuits connected to the AC output of the
Freedom X.
The following GFCI will work correctly with the Freedom X
whether installed on the AC panel or in the inverter’s AC output
distribution wiring system.
Make
Model
Eaton/Cooper
SGF15W
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Basic Installation Procedures
Step 2: Choosing a Location for the Unit
FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS
• Do not install the Freedom X in compartments containing batteries or
flammable materials, or in locations that require ignition-protected
equipment. This includes any space containing gasoline-powered
machinery, fuel tanks, or joints, fittings, or other connections between
components of the fuel system. This equipment contains components
that tend to produce arcs or sparks.
• Do not cover or obstruct the ventilation openings. Do not install the
Freedom X in a zero-clearance compartment. Overheating may result.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
The Freedom X should only be installed in locations that meet the
following requirements:
❐ Dry. Do not allow water or other fluids to drip or splash on the
Freedom X. Do not mount the Freedom X in an area subject
to splashing water or bilge water.
❐ Cool. Normal air temperature should be between -4 °F and 
104 °F (-20 °C and 40 °C)—the cooler the better.
❐ Safe. Do not install the Freedom X in the same compartment as
batteries or in any compartment capable of storing flammable
liquids like gasoline.
❐ Close to the battery compartment and the AC source and
load panels. Avoid excessive cable lengths (which reduce input
and output power due to wire resistance). Use the
recommended cable lengths and sizes, especially between the
battery banks and the Freedom X.
❐ Protected from battery acid and gases. Never allow battery
acid to drip on the Freedom X or its wiring when reading
specific gravity or filling the battery. Also do not mount the unit
where it will be exposed to gases produced by the batteries.
These gases are very corrosive, and prolonged exposure will
damage the Freedom X.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
WARNING
unit, the better the performance. Do not allow the ventilation
openings on the ends of the unit to become obstructed.
❐ Ventilated. Allow at least 5 inches of clearance at the DC end
of the Freedom X for air flow, 1 inch on each side, and 2 inches
at the AC end. The more clearance for ventilation around the
975-0767-01-01
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Basic Installation Procedures
Step 3: Mounting the Unit
To mount the Freedom X:
1. Remove the Freedom X from its shipping container, verify that
all components are present, and record relevant product
information on “Information About Your System” in the
Owner’s Guide.
2.
Select an appropriate mounting location and orientation. (See
Figure 2 below.) To meet regulatory requirements, for use in
on-land applications, the Freedom X must be mounted in one of
the following orientations:
•
•
•
B
C
Under a horizontal surface (see A)
In a horizontal position on a vertical surface (see B)
NOTE: For marine installations, only this orientation is allowed, due to
the probability of moisture finding access into the enclosure.
16
A
See page 35 for drip
shield installation on
Marine applications.
On a horizontal surface (see C)
Figure 2 Approved Mounting Orientations
3.
Mark the desired number of mounting holes on the wall by
placing the unit on the wall.
4.
Pilot-drill the mounting holes.
5.
Fasten the Freedom X to the mounting surface. If you are
mounting the unit on a wall or bulkhead, use #12 or #14 panhead wood or sheet metal screws to secure it to the framing
behind the wall or bulkhead. Alternatively, use nut inserts and
¼"-20 machine screws.
Freedom X Owner’s Guide
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Basic Installation Procedures
Connecting the Equipment Ground
WARNING
FIRE HAZARD
Never operate the Freedom X without properly connecting the equipment
ground. A fire hazard could result from improper grounding.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
The Freedom X has a ground stud on the side of the unit as shown in
Figure 3. Follow the guidelines in “Grounding Locations” to
connect the inverter’s chassis to the ground.
Equipment
ground stud
Figure 3 DC Panel Connections
975-0767-01-01
You must connect the equipment ground stud to a grounding
point—usually the vehicle’s chassis or DC negative bus ground—
using recommended copper wire (if insulated then green insulation
with or without one or more yellow stripes) or larger.
For recommended equipment ground cable size, see below.
Table 3 Recommended Equipment Ground Cable size
Application
Minimum equipment ground cable size
(Stranded cable is recommended)
Recreational Vehiclea No. 8 AWG
Marineb
No. 3 AWG
NOTE: There are no restrictions on length for the equipment ground cable.
a. Based on US National Electrical Code NFPA70, Article 551, par. 551-20c.
b. Based on ABYC E-11 11.18.
In general, the equipment ground cable size must not be smaller
than one AWG size than the supply cable.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
Grounding Locations
17
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Basic Installation Procedures
Step 4: Connecting the AC Input Wires
WARNING
FIRE, SHOCK, AND ENERGY HAZARDS
Make sure wiring is disconnected from all electrical sources before
handling. All wiring must be done in accordance with local and national
electrical wiring codes. Do not connect the output terminals of the
Freedom X to any incoming AC source.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
General AC Wiring Considerations
AC Wiring Connectors Where applicable, connect AC wires
with crimp-on splice connectors. The amount of insulation you strip
off individual wires will be specified by the connector manufacturer
and is different for different types of connectors.
AC and DC Wiring Separation Do not mix AC and DC wiring
in the same conduit or panel. Where DC and AC wires must cross,
make sure they do so at 90 to one another. Consult applicable codes
for details about DC and AC wiring in close proximity to each other.
AC Wiring and GFCIs You can plug loads of 15 amps directly
into the customer-supplied GFCI receptacle on the front panel of the
Freedom X. If installed, you can also connect the inverter to an
existing AC installation and then plug loads into GFCI receptacles
connected to that circuit.
If you plan to use the Freedom X with a customer-supplied GFCI
installed on the unit, proceed to “Step 6: Connecting the DC Cables”
on page 26.
AC wiring includes all the wires and connectors between the AC
source and the Freedom X and all wiring between the inverter, the
AC panels, circuit breakers, and the GFCIs. The type and size of the
wiring varies with the installation and load. For some RV
applications, flexible multiple-strand wire is required.
18
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Table 4 Required AC wire size vs. required breaker rating
Required Breaker Size (amps)
Required Wire Size
30 A maximum
15 A maximum through a GFCI
10 AWG
Freedom X 1200
120VAC
The AC input terminal is located inside the unit through the front
panel’s knockout hole and is labeled properly as AC IN or AC
INPUT. The unit comes with either screw or spring clamp-type
terminals where individual wires can be attached securely.
NOTICE
EQUIPMENT DAMAGE
Make sure the wires are connected properly. The AC wiring terminal
blocks are split into input and output sections.
Failure to follow these instructions can damage the unit and/or equipment.
Basic Installation Procedures
When making the AC input and AC output connections, observe the
correct color code for the appropriate AC wire, as described below
in Table 5.
Table 5 Color codes for typical AC wiring
Color
AC Wire
Black/Red
Line
White/blue
Neutral
Green/yellow or bare copper
Ground (Earth)
NOTICE
REVERSE POLARITY DAMAGE
Make sure the wires are connected properly. Improper connections
(connecting a line conductor to a neutral conductor, for example) will
cause the Freedom X to malfunction and may permanently damage the
inverter. Damage caused by a reverse polarity connection is not covered
by your warranty.
Failure to follow these instructions can damage the unit and/or equipment.
Wiring Knockouts When installing wires to AC terminals,
always remove the appropriate wiring knockouts (there are two on
the AC panel) and install the proper strain-relief clampsa.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
AC wiring must be sized appropriately to carry full load current on
the input and output AC circuits in accordance with the electrical
codes or regulations applicable to your installation. Table 4 is based
on the U.S. National Electrical Code and the Canadian Electrical
Code, assuming two-conductor-plus-ground cable, using 75 °C
wiring, at an ambient temperature of 30 °C. Other codes and
regulations may be applicable to your installation.
a. Compatible strain-relief clamp with manufacturer part number: 3302-TB
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Basic Installation Procedures
AC Input Connections
1.
Ensure AC and DC power sources are turned off.
2.
Install the required circuit breaker in the AC distribution panel
supplying AC power to the unit.
3.
Remove the AC compartment cover by loosening the captive
nut panel screw and lifting the cover up and out.
10mm
• • •
N G L
captive nut panel screw
AC Input knockout
NOTE: install a strain
relief clamp (not shown)
to circuit
breaker
4.
Strip a single AC input wire, as appropriate.
5.
Remove the knockout and install a ½" strain relief clamp.
6.
Route the wires through the strain relief clamp (not shown in
the figure).
20
7.
Locate the Neutral, Ground and Line terminals on the AC input
terminal labeled as N, G, and L respectively.
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Basic Installation Procedures
Using a 3mm slot long neck screwdriver, open the spring clamp
by inserting the tool in the clamp slot and gently pulling the
screwdriver handle forward, for Line terminal.
Alternatively, if the unit is equipped with screw terminals,
loosen the screw without removing it.
9.
Insert Line AC wire into Line (L) terminal slot on the unit.
10. Release the spring clamp to secure the wire.
Alternatively, if the unit is equipped with screw terminals,
tighten the screw to secure the wire.
11. Repeat previous steps 8 through 10 for Ground (G) and
Neutral (N) connections.
12. Tighten the strain relief clamp to secure the wires.
13. Replace the AC compartment cover onto the unit, if you are not
connecting other wires such as for the AC Output. Otherwise,
keep the AC compartment open and proceed to the next step.
14. Connect the other end of the wires to the circuit breaker in the
AC distribution panel supplying AC power to the unit.
975-0767-01-01
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
8.
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Basic Installation Procedures
Step 5: Connecting AC Output to an Existing AC Circuit
WARNING
FIRE, SHOCK, AND ENERGY HAZARDS
Make sure wiring is disconnected from all electrical sources before
handling. All wiring must be done in accordance with local and national
electrical wiring codes.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
A manufacturer-tested and approved GFCI must be connected to the
Freedom X AC output, and GFCI protection must be provided on
every receptacle connected to the AC hard wired installation. Other
types may fail to operate properly when connected to the Freedom
X. See “Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs)” on page 14.
NOTICE
EQUIPMENT DAMAGE
Do not connect any AC source (such as a generator or utility power) to
the AC output wiring of the Freedom X.
The Freedom X will not operate if its output is connected to AC voltage
from another source, and potentially hazardous or damaging conditions
may occur. These conditions can occur even if the inverter is off.
Failure to follow these instructions can damage the unit and/or equipment.
Do not connect the Freedom X to an AC branch circuit that has
high-power consumption loads.
The Freedom X will not operate electric heaters, air conditioners,
stoves, and other electrical appliances that consume more than 1200
watts.
22
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Basic Installation Procedures
To make a permanent connection to existing AC wiring:
3.
Remove the AC compartment cover, if not already done from
“Step 4: Connecting the AC Input Wires” on page 18.
10mm
4.
Strip a single AC output wire, as appropriate.
5.
Remove the knockout and install a ½" strain relief clamp.
6.
Route the wires through the strain relief clamp (not shown in
the figure).
7.
Locate the Line, Ground and Neutral terminals on the AC OUT
terminal labeled as L, G, and N respectively.
8.
If you are installing a GFCI device, proceed to “GFCI
Connections” on the next page. Otherwise, proceed to step 9.
9.
Using a 3mm slot long neck screwdriver, open the spring clamp
by inserting the tool in the clamp slot and gently pulling the
screwdriver handle forward, for Ground terminal.
• • •
L G N
AC Output knockout
NOTE: install a strain
relief clamp (not shown)
Alternatively, if the unit is equipped with screw terminals,
loosen the screw without removing it.
to circuit
breaker
1.
2.
Ensure AC and DC power sources are turned off, if not already
done from “Step 4: Connecting the AC Input Wires” on page
18.
Install the required circuit breaker in the inverter distribution
panel receiving AC power from the inverter.
975-0767-01-01
10. Insert Line AC wire into Line (L) terminal slot on the unit.
11. Release the spring clamp to secure the wire.
Alternatively, if the unit is equipped with screw terminals,
tighten the screw to secure the wire.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
AC Output Connections
12. Repeat previous steps 8 through 10 for Ground (G) and
Neutral (N) connections.
13. Tighten the strain relief clamp to secure the wires.
23
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Basic Installation Procedures
14. Replace the AC compartment cover, if you are finished with
connecting all the AC wires in the unit (and installing the
GFCI).
15. Connect the other end of the wires to a circuit breaker in the
inverter distribution panel.
24
GFCI Connections
1.
Remove the GFCI cover plate by removing the two screws
holding it in place.
2.
Set the two screws aside.
3.
Push the GFCI cover plate in and remove it from the AC
compartment.
4.
Install the GFCI device according to its wiring diagram shown
on the device. See “Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs)”
on page 14 for information on compatibility.
5.
Secure the GFCI device to the AC panel using the two screws
set aside earlier.
6.
Prepare a 4" (100 mm) black AC wire (for line) and connect
one end to the AC OUT L terminal.
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Splice three black Line wires together using a twist-on wire
connector: the other end of the black AC wire (in step 6), the
AC Output Line wire, and one end of the 15 A breaker wire.
8.
Connect the other end of the 15 A breaker wire to the GFCI’s L
terminal.
9.
Prepare a 4" (100 mm) white AC wire (for neutral) and connect
one end to the GFCI’s N terminal.
10. Prepare a 4" (100 mm) white AC wire (for neutral) and connect
one end to the AC OUT N terminal.
11. Splice three white Neutral wires together using a twist-on wire
connector: the other end of the white AC wire (in step 9), the
other end of the white AC wire (in step 10), and the AC Output
Neutral wire.
12. Prepare a 4" (100 mm) green/bare AC wire (for ground) and
connect one end to the GFCI’s G terminal.
13. Prepare a 4" (100- mm) green/bare AC wire (for ground) and
connect one end to the AC OUT G terminal.
14. Splice three green/bare ground wires together using a twist-on
wire connector: the other end of the green/bare AC wire (in step
12), the other end of the green/bare AC wire (in step 13), and
the AC Output Ground wire.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
Basic Installation Procedures
7.
15. Return to step 13 of “AC Output Connections” on the previous
page.
975-0767-01-01
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Basic Installation Procedures
Step 6: Connecting the DC Cables
NOTICE
REVERSE POLARITY DAMAGE
Check cable polarity at both the battery and the Freedom X before
making the final DC connection. Positive must be connected to positive;
negative must be connected to negative.
Reversing the positive and negative battery cables will damage the
Freedom X and void your warranty.
Failure to follow these instructions can damage the unit and/or equipment.
If at all possible, minimize routing your DC cables through an
electrical distribution panel, battery isolator, or other device that
will cause additional voltage drops which can degrade the inverter’s
ability to operate the loads.
Figure 4 shows the DC end for your reference.
POSITIVE (+)
NEGATIVE (–)
WARNING
FIRE HAZARD
Use only copper wire rated 75 °C minimum. Make sure all DC
connections are tight to a torque of 71–80 in-lbf (8–9Nm). Loose
connections will overheat.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
DC Ground
Stud
Figure 4 DC End
Follow the procedure given below to connect the battery leads to the
terminals on the DC end. The cables should be as short as possible
and large enough to handle the required current, in accordance with
the electrical codes or regulations applicable to your installation.
Table 2 on page 13 specifies the minimum DC cable size and
maximum fuse size for the Freedom X.
26
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7.
Refer to Figure 5.
1.
Make sure the inverter is off and no AC or DC is connected to
the unit.
2.
Remove the DC compartment cover by loosening the captive
nut panel screw.
3.
Loosen the DC terminal nuts from the terminal bolts and set
them aside for later.
4.
Strip ½" (13 mm) to ¾" (19 mm) insulation from one end of
each cable. The amount stripped off will depend on the
terminals chosen.
5.
6.
Attach the connectors that will secure the cables to the battery,
to the disconnect/battery selector switch, and the fuse block.
The connectors you use must create a permanent, lowresistance connection. It is recommended to use approved and
certified cable lugs. Use the tool recommended by the terminal
manufacturer. Make sure no stray wires protrude from the lug
or terminal. 
NOTE: You may find it more convenient to have the cable lugs
attached by the company that sells you the cable and/or
connectors.
8.
Basic Installation Procedures
Attach the cable lug that will join the cable to the inverter DC
terminal. Cover the lug stem with heat shrink insulation (see
Figure 5) to ensure that the lug does not touch the enclosure.
Install a fuse and fuse holder in the cable that will be used for
the positive side of the DC circuit. The fuse must:
•
•
•
9.
be as close to the battery positive terminal as possible
be rated for DC circuits
have an Ampere Interrupting Capacity (AIC) that exceeds
the short-circuit current available from the battery (that is,
Class T fuse)
To prevent sparking when making the connection, ensure the
disconnect/battery selector switch is off.
10. Route the positive cable through the left side strain relief clamp
and attach the cable lug on the positive cable to the positive DC
terminal on the inverter.
11. Fasten the DC terminal nut (set aside earlier) to the terminal
bolt. Tighten the nut to a torque of 71–80 in-lbf (8–9 N-m). Do
not overtighten. Make the connection snug enough so the cable
lug does not move around on the DC terminal. Center it through
the DC knockout hole and do not let it touch the edge. See
Figure 5, “DC Cable Connections” on page 28.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
To make the DC connections
Strip ½" (13 mm) to ¾" (19 mm) of insulation from each cable
end that will be connected to the inverter cable. The amount
stripped off will depend on the terminals chosen.
975-0767-01-01
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Basic Installation Procedures
enclosure outline (DC compartment side view)
DC terminal nut
cable lug
DC terminal
DC knockout
hole
NOTICE
EQUIPMENT DAMAGE
Tighten the nuts on terminals properly. Loose connections cause excessive
voltage drop and may cause overheated wires and melted insulation.
Do not over-tighten the nut on the DC input terminals. Damage to the DC
input terminals may result. The maximum torque setting is 80 in-lbf (9 N-m).
Failure to follow these instructions can damage the unit and/or equipment.
NOTICE
DC cable with heat
shrink insulation
covering the lug
stem
Figure 5 DC Cable Connections
REVERSE POLARITY DAMAGE
Check cable polarity at both the battery and the Freedom X before
making the final DC connection. Positive must be connected to positive;
negative must be connected to negative.
Reversing the positive and negative battery cables will blow a fuse in the
Freedom X and void your warranty.
Failure to follow these instructions can damage the unit and/or equipment.
12. Before proceeding, double check that the cable you have just
installed connects the positive DC terminal of the inverter to
the disconnect/battery selector switch, fuse holder, and that the
other end of the fuse holder is connected to the positive
terminal of the battery.
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Basic Installation Procedures
FIRE HAZARD
Do not complete the next step if flammable fumes are present. Explosion
or fire may result if the disconnect/battery selector switch is not in the off
position. Thoroughly ventilate the battery compartment before making
this connection.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
13. Route the negative cable through the right side strain relief
clamp and connect the cable from the negative post of the
battery to the negative DC terminal of the inverter.
14. Fasten the DC terminal nut (set aside earlier) to the terminal
bolt. Tighten the nut to a torque of 71–80 in-lbf (8–9 N-m). Do
not overtighten. Make the connection snug enough so the cable
lug does not move around on the DC terminal. Center it through
the DC knockout hole and do not let it touch the edge.
DC Grounding
To connect the DC ground:
The equipment DC ground stud on the DC end of the Freedom X is
used to connect the chassis of the Freedom X to your system’s DC
negative connection or grounding bus point as required by electrical
regulations. Use copper wire that is either bare or provided with
green insulation. Use the provided DC ground box lug to connect
the ground wire and onto the DC ground stud. Do not use the DC
ground stud for your AC grounding. See the AC wiring instructions
in this section.
Follow the guidelines below that correspond to the specific type of
installation. These guidelines assume you are using the DC supply
cable and fuse sizes recommended in this manual. If you are using
different sizes, refer to the applicable installation code for DC
grounding details.
15. Replace the DC compartment cover.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
WARNING
DC ground box lug
975-0767-01-01
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Basic Installation Procedures
Recreational Vehicle Use 8AWG copper wire and connect it
between the Chassis Ground lug and the vehicle’s DC grounding
point (usually the vehicle chassis or a dedicated DC ground bus).
Marine Use copper wire that is bare or has insulation rated
minimum 105 °C, and connect it between the Chassis Ground lug
and the boat’s DC grounding bus or engine negative bus. For the
Freedom X, use a wire of gauge 3AWG minimum.
30
Inverter Ignition Control
The Freedom X can be wired to inhibit inverter operation in the
absence of a vehicle’s (or vessel's) ignition control signal. This
feature can avoid unnecessary battery drain that would otherwise
occur if the inverter was operated without a charging source such as
the vehicle alternator.
To enable ignition control:
1. Ensure that AC and DC power are both OFF.
2.
Ensure the vehicle’s ignition is turned to OFF position. It is
highly recommended to remove battery power by
disconnecting the vehicle's battery cables. Refer to the vehicle’s
user manual for proper instructions on how to disconnect the
battery cables.
3.
Locate the vehicle's ignition control wire from the vehicle’s
ignition circuit. This wire must be fused appropriately at no
more than 5 amps. Refer to the vehicle’s user manual for
guidance.
4.
Locate the ignition control terminal on the left hand side of the
AC panel.
Freedom X Owner’s Guide
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Basic Installation Procedures
Description of Ignition Control Features
ACC input (Ignition
signal input) terminal
For information about the features and instructions on changing the
ignition control features, see “To change the inverter Ignition
Control feature:” on page 43.
Ignition Autoon ()
This setting allows the inverter to operate (Battery
mode) automatically when an ignition control wire is
connected to the ACC input and a valid ignition
signal is constantly detected. The inverter works in
tandem with the vehicle’s ignition circuit.
The ignition control switch on the front of the unit
must be ON (|) to enable this feature.
Ignition Lockout ()
This setting allows the inverter to operate (Battery
mode) when an ignition control wire is connected to
the ACC input terminal and a valid ignition signal is
constantly detected. The ignition control switch on
the front of the unit must be ON (|) to enable this
feature.
When enabled, you have to manually press the
inverter Power button on the display panel to operate
the inverter.
Off ()
To completely disable the ignition control features do
the following:
1. Set Ignition Control to Off () using the Select
buttons on the Display panel (see page 43).
2. Turn the ignition control switch to OFF (O) from
the AC Panel of the unit ( see page 4).
ignition control wire
Figure 6 Ignition Signal (ACC) Input Terminal
5.
Using a 3mm slot long neck screwdriver, loosen the screw
without removing it.
6.
Insert the ignition control wire into the ACC input terminal slot.
7.
Tighten the screw to secure the wire.
NOTE: The mechanical elements of the ACC input terminal
including the switch shown in Figure 6 work in conjunction with the
Ignition Control features set separately from the display panel.
975-0767-01-01
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
Ignition Control
switch
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Basic Installation Procedures
Step 7: Testing Your Installation
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Pressing the inverter Power button to turn OFF the Freedom X inverter
function on display panel does not disconnect DC or AC input power to
the Freedom X. If shore power is present at AC input terminals, it will
pass through to the AC output.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
There are two tests to be performed. The first test verifies that the
Freedom X is inverting DC battery power and delivering AC power
to its output.
The second test is intended for installations where AC input and
output is hard wired to the Freedom X. This test verifies that the
Freedom X transfers from inverter power to shore power when
shore power is present.
Testing in Battery Mode
To test the Freedom X in invert mode:
1. For hard wired installations, ensure shore power is not present.
2.
Press the inverter Power button to turn the inverter on.
The green LED indicating Battery mode (Inverter mode) turns
on and the LCD screen displays the BATT. MODE icon.
3.
Plug an appliance within the power rating of the inverter into
the Freedom X GFCI or an AC outlet hard wired to the
Freedom X.
4.
Turn the appliance on to verify that it operates.
If the appliance operates, your installation is successful. If your
installation has AC input and output hard wired to the Freedom X,
proceed to “Testing in AC Mode”.
If the status LED on the display panel glows red, see the
Troubleshooting chapter.
NOTE: Shore power (pass-through) refers to the AC input power
from a utility grid, generator or external AC source.
When you are ready to test your installation and operate the
Freedom X, close the DC fuse and Disconnect or the DC circuit
breaker to supply DC power to the Freedom X.
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Basic Installation Procedures
Testing in AC Mode
◆ With the appliance from the previous test still connected and
operating, connect the shore power source.
The Freedom X transfers the appliances to shore power. The
green LED indicating AC mode turns on and the LCD screen
displays the AC MODE icon.
If the appliance operates, your installation is successful.
NOTE: If the inverter Power button on the Freedom X is turned
ON, the Freedom X will automatically supply the appliances with
inverter power if the shore power source fails or becomes
disconnected.
If the inverter Power button on the Freedom X is turned ON and
shore power voltage is too low (less than 90 volts AC), the unit
will transfer to inverter power to continue running your
appliances.
NOTE: Whether or not the inverter Power button is turned ON,
shore power will pass through the Freedom X to the output when
shore power is within normal operating range.
975-0767-01-01
NOTE: In the event of low or no battery voltage, shore power will
pass through the Freedom X to the output even when shore power
is outside the normal operating range.
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
To test the Freedom X in shore power mode:
33
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Marine Installation
Figure 7 illustrates a typical marine installation with the following
components:
1.
AC power supplied from a shore power connector
2.
An AC source panel that includes a max 30A (or a 15A if using
a GFCI) circuit breaker that supplies the Freedom X
3.
An AC load panel with branch circuit breakers that supply only
loads that run off the Freedom X
4.
Engine negative bus / DC ground bus
5.
DC power supplied by a battery bank and protected by a DC
fuse in the positive cable
6.
Battery isolator
7.
DC alternator
8.
Starting battery
9.
Drip shield (see next page)
D C Fuse /
disconnect or
circuit breaker
12V Deep Cycle
Battery
AC Load Panel
AC Source Panel
Starting Battery
Shorepower
Figure 7 Typical Marine Installation
34
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Marine Installation
Drip Shield Installation
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Place this unit in normally dry areas only. Operating the unit under wet
conditions may expose you to a shock hazard. Installing drip shields may
not entirely protect you from this hazard. Do not operate the unit when it
is wet.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
You may purchase the drip shield set by contacting customer
support. When ordering, mention part number 808-1050.
Drip Shield set part# 808-1050
Figure 8 Drip Shields
975-0767-01-01
This section for use by qualified personnel only.
Different Views
The drip shields help to protect the unit from dripping or splashing
liquids, which will cause a shock hazard when moisture comes in
contact with electrical circuits in the unit. The drip shields are
especially useful in marine installations where water from
condensation, rain, or sea may come into contact with the Freedom X.
35
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Marine Installation
To install the drip shields:
1. Gather the four screws needed to fasten a single drip shield to a
wall.
3.
Fasten the screws through the holes in the drip shield into the
wall. See Figure 8.
AC MODE
VAC

INPUT
Batt. MODE

VAC
Locate an appropriate setting for the drip shields above the
Freedom X making sure you cover the entire width of the unit.
You can overlay the shields as shown in Figure 9 below.
OUTPUT
2.
Figure 9 Typical Drip Shield Placement on a Freedom X
36
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Freedom X Inverter Configuration
Viewing Information on the LCD Screen
The LCD Screen changes depending on the operating mode of the
inverter.
operating mode indicator
input level
120
VAC
INPUT
battery
capacity
indicator
(5 levels)
this area will
show one of two
icons during
operation
120
In Battery Mode (also called Inverter Mode), the AC output
power comes from the battery. The LCD Screen switches to
displaying battery mode information such as:
12.9 volts
DC
129
80
VAC
INPUT
VAC
output level
VAC
80 amps
DC
OUTPUT
~ 26–50%
~ 50–75%
Batt. MODE
OUTPUT
battery mode icon
load level
indicator
(4 levels)
Figure 10 Parts of the LCD Screen
AC Mode is when AC shore power is available as input and the power
is passing through as output. The display may look similar to this:
When there is no AC output such as when an error or fault condition
is detected, the Idle Mode is displayed on the LCD Screen. An
example is shown below:
129
VAC
INPUT
this area is blank
in fault mode
e02
VAC
error code
OUTPUT
AC mode icon
120 volts
AC
120
VAC
INPUT
~ 75–100%
975-0767-01-01
AC MODE
120
VAC
120 volts
AC
OUTPUT
~ 0–25%
For definitions on battery capacity, load level, and error code
indicators see “LCD Screen Icons” on page 39.
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Freedom X Inverter Configuration
Viewing Information During Battery Mode
Info and Setting
The LCD screen displays Inverter information as well as feature
settings in coordination with the LED lights alongside the screen.
◆ Press the Scroll
button to toggle between the following
Battery Voltage/
Battery Discharge
Current
LCD Screen
131
0
VAC
INPUT
VAC
OUTPUT
basic information:
Batt. MODE
Info and Setting
Input Voltage/
Output Voltage
This is the default
screen.
LCD Screen
80
battery voltage = 13.1V, battery discharge current = 0A
120
VAC
INPUT
Load Percent
VAC
131
INPUT
OUTPUT
131
80
INPUT
Warning/Fault
VAC
OUTPUT
Batt. MODE
battery voltage = 13.1V, battery discharge current = 80A
38
OUTPUT
load = 20%
shore power voltage = 80V, output voltage = 120V
VAC
VAC
Batt. MODE
Batt. MODE
Battery Voltage/
Battery Discharge
Current
20
VAC
If a fault or warning is
detected, this screen
becomes the default
screen.
131
VAC
INPUT
e02
VAC
OUTPUT
error code = E02 “DC Input Over Voltage shutdown”.
For other details regarding fault and warning
conditions, see Table 6, “Error Codes Displayed on the
LCD Screen” on page 54.
Freedom X Owner’s Guide
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Freedom X Inverter Configuration
LCD Screen Icons
Icon
Icon
Definition
Appears in AC mode only and sometimes in Fault
mode. Indicates ~ 0–25% load capacity.
Definition
Appears in all modes. Indicates ~ 75–100% battery
capacity.
Appears in all modes. Indicates ~ 50–75% battery
capacity.
Indicates AC mode in which shore power is available
and passing through to the loads.
AC MODE
Batt. MODE
Appears in all modes. Indicates ~ 25–50% battery
capacity.
Appears in all modes. Indicates ~ 1–25% battery
capacity.
Appears in all modes. Indicates 0% battery capacity.
Appears in AC mode only and sometimes in Fault
mode. Indicates ~ 75–100% load capacity.
975-0767-01-01
Indicates Battery mode (Inverter mode) in which the
inverter is running and supplying power to the loads
from the battery.
Status LED Light Indicators
Indicator
Definition
solid green
solid green
Appears in AC mode only and sometimes in Fault
mode. Indicates ~ 50–75% load capacity.
solid red
Appears in AC mode only and sometimes in Fault
mode. Indicates ~ 25–50% load capacity.
flashing
red
Indicates AC mode in which shore power is available
and passing through to the loads.
Indicates Battery mode (Inverter mode) in which the
inverter is running and supplying power to the loads
from the battery.
Indicates Fault mode and is accompanied by an error
code displayed on the LCD screen. For a list of error
codes, see “Warning Messages” on page 54.
Indicates a Warning condition and is accompanied by
an error code and a sounding alarm. For a list of error
codes, see “Warning Messages” on page 54.
39
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Freedom X Inverter Configuration
Adjusting Feature Settings in Configuration Mode
The
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
, Scroll
, and
buttons can be used to:
To cycle through the various feature settings:
change the exit mode setting
change the Power Save settings (time and load sensing)
change the LBCO settings (voltage and shutdown delay)
change the ignition control settings
change the AC transfer mode settings
change the AC output frequency settings
disable or enable the audible alarm
reset to factory default settings
check firmware version
LCD Screen
Status LED light
ESC button
1.
Press and hold the
button for three seconds to enter the
feature settings mode.
2.
Press the Scroll
information:
button to toggle between the following
Setting
(with default values)
LCD Screen
(Left Side)
LCD Screen
(Right Side)
Exit Mode


Power Save Timer


Load Sensing


LBCO Voltage Setting


LBCO Shutdown Delay


Ignition Control


Transfer Mode


Output Frequency


Alarm Buzzer


Reset to Factory Default


Firmware version

Scroll button
888
VAC
INPUT
AC MODE
888
VAC
OK button
OUTPUT
Batt. MODE
Power button
Figure 11 Display Panel
40
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To change the power save timer setting:
Freedom X Inverter Configuration
To change the load sensing feature:
By default the operational mode is set to 25 hours (“ || ”).
By default the operational mode is set to disabled (“ || ”).
1.
Press and hold the
1.
Press and hold the
2.
button until the left LCD Screen flashes
Press the Scroll
“ ||” intermittently.
2.
button until the left LCD Screen flashes
Press the Scroll
“ ||” intermittently.
3.
Press the
3.
Press the
button for three seconds.
button to select the setting.
The right LCD Screen will display the current setting “|| ”
and then begin to flash intermittently.
button for three seconds.
button to select the setting.
The right LCD Screen will display the current setting “|| ”
and then begin to flash intermittently.
 to  When the load is 50 watts or under, this
value represents the number of hours
inverter operation is going to continue
before it is automatically turned off to
preserve the battery.
4.
Continue pressing the Scroll
button to cycle through the
settings until you reach the desired setting.

5.
Press the
or
button to make the setting permanent.
Press the
button to exit.
Power save time setting is OFF
4.
button to cycle through the
Continue pressing the Scroll
settings until you reach the desired setting.
5.
Press the
or
button to make the setting permanent.
Press the
button to exit.
975-0767-01-01

Enabled

Disabled
41
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Freedom X Inverter Configuration
To change the Low Battery Cutout (LBCO) voltage:
To change the LBCO Shutdown delay timer:
By default the operational mode is set to 10.5V (“ || ”).
By default the operational mode is set to 300 seconds (“ || ”).
1.
Press and hold the
1.
Press and hold the
2.
button until the left LCD Screen flashes
Press the Scroll
“ ||” intermittently.
2.
button until the left LCD Screen flashes
Press the Scroll
“ ||” intermittently.
3.
Press the
3.
Press the
button for three seconds.
button to select the setting.
The right LCD Screen will display the current setting “|| ”
and then begin to flash intermittently.
 to

4.
5.
42
button for three seconds.
button to select the setting.
The right LCD Screen will display the current setting “|| ”
and then begin to flash intermittently.
 to

This range is from 10.5 to 12.1 volts with
increments of 0.1.
This range is from 1 to 300 seconds with
increments of 1 (from 1 to 20) then
increments of 10 (from 20 to 300).
button to cycle through the
Continue pressing the Scroll
settings until you reach the desired setting.
4.
Press the
or
button to make the setting permanent.
button to cycle through the
Continue pressing the Scroll
settings until you reach the desired setting.
5.
button to make the setting permanent.
Press the
button to exit.
Press the
or
Press the
button to exit.
Freedom X Owner’s Guide
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Freedom X Inverter Configuration
To change the inverter Ignition Control feature:
By default the operational mode is set to Off (“ || ”).
1.
Press and hold the
2.
button until the left LCD Screen flashes
Press the Scroll
“ ||” intermittently.
3.
Press the

This setting allows the inverter to operate
(Battery mode) when an ignition control
wire is connected to the ACC input
terminal and a valid ignition signal is
constantly detected. The ignition control
switch from the AC Panel of the unit (see
page 4) must be ON (|) to operate this
feature.
In this setting, you have to manually press
the inverter Power button on the display
panel to operate the inverter.

This is the default setting which disables
both the Ignition Auto-on and Lockout
features. To completely disable Ignition
Control, this setting must be Off () and
the ignition control switch from the AC
Panel of the unit (see page 4) must also be
OFF (O).
button for three seconds.
button to select the setting.
The right LCD Screen will display the current setting “|| ”
and then begin to flash intermittently.

This setting allows the inverter to operate
(Battery mode) automatically when an
ignition control wire is connected to the
ACC input and a valid ignition signal is
constantly detected. The inverter works in
tandem with the vehicle’s ignition circuit.
The ignition control switch from the AC
Panel of the unit (see page 4) must be
ON (|) to operate this feature.
975-0767-01-01
4.
button to cycle through the
Continue pressing the Scroll
settings until you reach the desired setting.
5.
Press the
or
button to make the setting permanent.
Press the
button to exit.
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Freedom X Owners Guide.book Page 44 Wednesday, May 11, 2016 10:32 AM
Freedom X Inverter Configuration
To change the AC Transfer mode:
By default the operational mode is set to appliances (“ || ”).
1.
Press and hold the
2.
button until the left LCD Screen flashes
Press the Scroll
“ ||” intermittently.
3.
Press the
button for three seconds.
button to select the setting.
The right LCD Screen will display the current setting “|| ”
and then begin to flash intermittently.
4.
44

This default setting is for typical
household appliances. It allows the transfer
of shore power (AC MODE) to the loads
from battery power (Batt. MODE) within
20 milliseconds and vice versa.

This faster setting is for sensitive digital
equipment like desktop computers. The
transfer time is similar to a UPS in which it
allows the transfer of shore power (AC
MODE) to the loads from battery power
(Batt. MODE) within 10 milliseconds and
vice versa.
5.
Press the
or
button to make the setting permanent.
Press the
button to exit.
NOTICE
RISK OF DAMAGE TO FREEDOM X
Connect only sensitive digital equipment to the AC output when the AC
transfer mode is set to . Other equipment such as household
appliances with motors, compressors, or heating elements do not require
faster transfer times which may put stress on the transfer relay.
Failure to follow these instructions can damage the unit.
button to cycle through the
Continue pressing the Scroll
settings until you reach the desired setting.
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To change the AC Output Frequency:
Freedom X Inverter Configuration
To turn off the alarm buzzer:
By default the operational mode is set to 60 Hz(“ || ”).
By default the operational mode is set to audible (“ || ”).
1.
Press and hold the
1.
Press and hold the
2.
button until the left LCD Screen flashes
Press the Scroll
“ ||” intermittently.
2.
button until the left LCD Screen flashes
Press the Scroll
“ ||” intermittently.
3.
Press the
3.
Press the
button for three seconds.
button to select the setting.
The right LCD Screen will display the current setting “|| ”
and then begin to flash intermittently.


a. If the utility and inverter are set to 50 Hz, load appliances must also be
rated to operate from 115 VAC/50 Hz power.
4.
button to cycle through the
Continue pressing the Scroll
settings until you reach the desired setting.
5.
Press the
or
button to make the setting permanent.
Press the
button to exit.
975-0767-01-01
button to select the setting.
The right LCD Screen will display the current setting “|| ”
and then begin to flash intermittently.
This default AC output frequency setting
of 60 Hz is commonly used in North
American jurisdictions.
This AC output frequency setting of 50 Hz
is used in jurisdictions such as in some
Latin American countries operating from
115 VAC/50 Hza.
button for three seconds.

Audible

Silent
4.
Continue pressing the Scroll
button to cycle through the
settings until you reach the desired setting.
5.
Press the
or
button to make the setting permanent.
Press the
button to exit.
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Freedom X Inverter Configuration
To return all feature settings to factory default settings:
To check the firmware version:
1.
Press and hold the
1.
Press and hold the
2.
button until the left LCD Screen flashes
Press the Scroll
“ ||” intermittently.
2.
button until the left LCD Screen flashes
Press the Scroll
“ ||” intermittently.
3.
Press the
button for three seconds.
button to select the setting.
The right LCD Screen will display the current setting “|| ”
and then begin to flash intermittently.

Cancel

Return to factory default settings
4.
Continue pressing the Scroll
button to cycle through the
settings until you reach the desired setting.
5.
Press the
or
button to make the setting permanent.
Press the
button to exit.
46
3.
Press the
button for three seconds.
button to select the setting.
The right LCD Screen will display the current firmware version
“|| ”. 008 is the current version at the time of publication.
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Freedom Inverter Operation
Operating in AC Mode
Operating in Battery Mode
The Freedom X operates in AC mode when an AC source (a
generator or utility power) is present at the AC input terminals.
When the AC source is within operating range (meaning the voltage
is, the Freedom X unit bypasses inverter mode and powers the
appliances connected to the unit. See “Transitioning from Battery
Mode to AC Mode” on page 50.
The Freedom X is in Battery Mode (also called Inverter Mode)
when all the following conditions exist:
The green status LED lights up to indicate the Freedom X is using
utility (or generator) power.
•
inverter power button is ON
ignition auto-on is activated
•
shore power is not presently available
•
battery has sufficient power
(down position) or
AC MODE
When shore power is present, AC power automatically passes
through the Freedom X. Pressing the inverter Power button on the
display panel does not interrupt the supply of shore power. AC
Mode supersedes inverter operation.
When the Freedom X’s inverter Power button is turned ON and the
AC source is outside the operating range or is disconnected, the
transfer switch automatically switches to Battery Mode. See
“Transitioning from AC Mode to Battery Mode” on page 50.
975-0767-01-01
Inverter operation means that DC battery power is presently being
converted to utility grade AC power, powering equipment and
appliances connected to the AC output terminal of the unit.
The green status LED lights up to indicate the Freedom X is using
the battery to power the equipment and appliances.
BATT. MODE
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Freedom Inverter Operation
Turning Inverter Operation ON and OFF
Power Save Timer
There are two ways to operate the Freedom X’s inverter.
The Power Save Timer is an adjustable countdown timer from 1 to
25 hours (25 hours is the default) that automatically shuts down
inverter operation to reduce battery discharge and preserve battery
life. During continuous inverter operation, the countdown is
initiated when power from the AC load drops to less than
approximately 50 watts and remains below this level. After reaching
the end of the countdown timer the inverter automatically shuts
down.
•
•
Press the inverter Power button to a down position (it is Off in
the up position).
When the inverter’s Ignition Control feature is set to Auto-on
()a, and the Ignition Control switch is enabled (|)b and, a
+12VDC signal is presentc.
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Turning the inverter Power button off does not disconnect DC battery
power from the Freedom X. You must disconnect both AC and DC power
before working on any circuits connected to the unit.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
To prevent unnecessary battery discharge, press the inverter Power
button to turn it off when you are not using the Freedom X.
To change the countdown timer, see “To change the power save
timer setting:” on page 41.
Checking Battery Status
During inverter operation (in battery mode), you can check the
battery status by observing the battery capacity indicator on the
LCD screen. The battery voltage appears in the left side of LCD
screen.
The normal operating battery voltage range is between 11 and
15 volts.
a.See “To change the inverter Ignition Control feature:” on page 43.
b.See Figure 6 on page 31.
c.When the vehicle’s ignition switch is On or the vehicle’s engine is running.
48
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Freedom Inverter Operation
Checking Output Power
Turning the Audible Alarm ON or OFF
When the inverter is in operation (in battery mode), you can check
how much power (displayed in Amps) the Freedom X is supplying
to the connected loads by observing the load capacity indicator on
the LCD screen. The battery discharge amperage appears in the
right side of the LCD screen.
The Freedom X’s audible alarm can be silenced. See “To turn off the
alarm buzzer:” on page 45.
Operating Several Loads at Once
If you are going to operate several loads from the Freedom X, turn
them on one at a time after you have turned the inverter on.
Turning loads on separately helps to ensure that the inverter does
not have to deliver the starting current for all the loads at once, and
will help prevent an overload shutdown.
975-0767-01-01
Any warnings such as fault conditions or imminent shutdown are
both displayed on the LCD screen and sounded on the alarm
speakers. See “To reset the alarm:” below.
It is not possible to turn OFF the screen and prevent it from
displaying error codes but it is possible to turn OFF the audible
alarm.
To reset the alarm:
◆ Press the inverter Power button to turn it Off (from a down
position to up) and press again to turn it On to reset an active
alarm and clear the fault.
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Operating During Transition Between AC Mode and Battery Mode
The Freedom X’s advanced power management is capable of
transitioning power from an AC source to DC source within a
fraction of a second and vice-versa.
The Freedom X automatically detects when shore power is present
and when it becomes unavailable or drops to less than 90 volts AC.
The transfer time can be set to two settings. For details see “To
change the AC Transfer mode:” on page 44.
Transitioning from AC Mode to Battery Mode
When the unit is operating in AC mode and shore power is lost, the
Freedom X has less than 20 milliseconds (default) to switch to
operating in inverter mode and start drawing power from the
battery.
The operating mode indicator will change to Battery Mode and the
green Status LED for Battery Mode will light up.
Transitioning from Battery Mode to AC Mode
When the unit is operating in Battery Mode and shore power
becomes available, the Freedom X begins a 20-second countdown
to verify the stability of the shore power. If shore power remains
stable for a 20-second countdown, at the end of the countdown, the
Freedom X will switch to shore power mode within 20 milliseconds
and start drawing power from the AC source.
The operating mode indicator will change to AC Mode and the
green Status LED for AC Mode will light up.
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Operating During Transition Between AC Mode and Battery Mode
Operating Limits
Power Output
The Freedom X can deliver up to 1200 watts of continuous utility
grade sine wave AC power. The wattage rating applies to resistive
loads such as incandescent lights.
Operating
Condition
Battery
Voltage
Instant Low
Voltage
Shutdown
< 10.2 volts
After two seconds below the limit, the unit shuts
down inverter output completely. LCD screen
turns off completely.
Input Voltage
High Voltage
Shutdown
16.7 volts
The buzzer sounds an over-voltage alarm beep
every second and the display shows fault code
 alternating with the battery voltage.
The red status LED turns on.
The allowable Freedom X input battery voltage ranges are shown in
the following table:
Operating
Condition
Battery
Voltage
Full Operating
Range
LBCO – 16.5 Assuming the battery is full, the inverter will
volts
operate until battery voltage goes past below
LBCOa and LBCO Shutdown delay timerb.
Low Voltage
Alarm
< LBCO+0.5
volts
A silent low battery warning shows fault code
 on the LCD screen.
Low Voltage
Shutdown
< LBCO
The buzzer sounds a single one-second low
battery alarm beep and the LCD screen shows
fault code . After LBCO Shutdown delay
timer runs out, the unit shuts down inverter
output. The buzzer stops beeping and the LCD
screen shows fault code .
975-0767-01-01
Comment
Comment
Idle mode
NOTE: Although the Freedom X incorporates
over-voltage protection, it can still be damaged if
input voltage exceeds 16.7 volts.
a. To set LBCO, see “To change the Low Battery Cutout (LBCO) voltage:” on page 42.
b. To set LBCO Shutdown Delay Timer, see “To change the LBCO Shutdown delay timer:”
on page 42.
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Operating During Transition Between AC Mode and Battery Mode
Overload Conditions
Over-temperature Conditions
There are two kinds of overload conditions:
During inverter operation, when the Freedom X’s internal
temperature starts to approach its preset shutdown limit, the alarm
will beep every two seconds and the display will show fault code
. If the over-temperature condition persists, the alarm will beep
once per second and the display will show fault code . The
Status LED turns solid RED and the inverter will shut down to
prevent damage to the inverter and protect the battery from being
over-discharged. However, when the internal temperature drops and
falls within normal operating temperature, the Freedom X will
recover automatically and will continue inverting.
•
•
an overload warning
an overload shutdown
Overload Warning When the Freedom X’s AC load is
approximately 100 W below the overload shutdown limit of
~1200 W, the audible alarm beeps once every two seconds and the
LCD screen shows a fault code .
Overload Shutdown When the Freedom X’s AC load increases
to near ~1300 W, the audible alarm beeps every second and the
LCD screen shows a fault code . The Status LED turns solid
RED and in 30 seconds, both the unit and the LCD screen will shut
down to prevent damage to the inverter and protect the battery from
being over-discharged.
High Surge Loads
Some induction motors used in freezers, pumps, and other motoroperated equipment require high surge currents to start. The
Freedom X may not be able to start some of these motors even
though their rated steady state current draw is within the inverter’s
limits. The unit will shut down and indicate an overload shutdown.
52
Routine Maintenance
Freedom X Unit
Minimal maintenance is required to keep your Freedom X operating
properly. Periodically you should:
•
•
•
Clean the exterior of the unit with a damp cloth to prevent the
accumulation of dust and dirt.
Ensure that the DC cables are secure and fasteners are tight.
Make sure the ventilation openings are not clogged.
Freedom X Owner’s Guide
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Troubleshooting
•
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Do not disassemble the Freedom X. It does not contain any userserviceable parts. Attempting to service the unit yourself could result in
an electrical shock or burn.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
3.
IMPORTANT: To obtain service go to “Contact Information” on
page i.
This section will help you narrow down the source of any problem
you encounter. Before contacting customer service, please work
through the steps listed below:
1.
2.
Check for any error codes displayed on the LCD screen. If a
message is displayed, record it before doing anything further.
As soon as possible, record the conditions at the time the
problem occurred so you can provide details when you contact
customer service for help. Include the following information:
• What loads the Freedom X was running or attempting to run
• What the battery condition was at the time (voltage, etc.) if
known
• Recent sequence of events
975-0767-01-01
4.
Any known unusual AC shore power factors such as low
voltage, unstable generator output, etc.
• Whether any extreme ambient conditions existed at the
time (temperature, vibrations, moisture, etc.)
If your Freedom X is not displaying an error code, check the
following to make sure the present state of the installation
allows proper operation:
• Is the inverter located in a clean, dry, adequately ventilated place?
• Are the battery cables adequately sized as recommended in
the Installation guide?
• Is the battery in good condition?
• Are all DC connections tight?
• Are the AC input and output connections and wiring in
good condition?
• Are the configuration settings correct for your particular
installation?
• Are all disconnects and AC breakers closed and operable?
• Have any of the fuses blown in the installation?
Contact customer support for further assistance. Please be
prepared to describe details or your system installation and to
provide the model and serial number of the unit.
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Warning Messages
Warning messages in the form of audible alarms and error codes
that appear on the LCD screen to alert you to an impending system
change. Warnings do not affect operation.
The error codes are listed in Table 6 below. The text in the Error
Code column appears on the LCD screen of the display panel.
With the exception of the error codes displayed on the screen, only
the audible alarm can be turned ON or OFF. Follow the steps in “To
turn off the alarm buzzer:” on page 45 to change the alarm settings.
Table 6 Error Codes Displayed on the LCD Screen
Error Code
Condition

Low battery voltage shutdown
is imminent depending on the
setting, see “Operating Limits”
on page 51.
Inverting
•
•
•
Check battery status and recharge if necessary.
Check for proper DC cable sizing.
Check for loose connections and tighten if necessary.

High battery voltage shutdown  Inverting
> 16.7 volts DC
•
Check for external charging sources, such as a PV charger and an
over voltage alternator. Disconnect, if necessary.

AC output overload shutdown
Inverting
•
•
Reduce the loads connected to the AC outlet of the unit.
Check appliances that have high-surge ratings and disconnect if
necessary.

Over-temperature shutdown
Inverting
•
•
•
Reduce the loads connected to the AC outlet of the unit.
Check that the ventilation grille is not blocked.
Check for ambient temperature and move the unit to a cooler
location whenever possible.
54
Mode
Action
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Warning Messages
Table 6 Error Codes Displayed on the LCD Screen
Error Code
Condition
Mode
Action

Low battery voltage detected  Inverting
depending on setting, see
“Operating Limits” on page 51.
•
•
•
Check battery status and recharge if necessary.
Check for proper DC cable sizing.
Check for loose connections and tighten if necessary.

AC output overload warning
Inverting
•
Reduce the loads connected to the AC outlet of the unit.

Fan lock alarm
Inverting
•
Check the fan for any obstruction and remove it. 
Large debris which may enter through the fan grille may impede the
fan blades from turning. When removing debris, do not insert your
fingers inside the grille. Remove power from the inverter first
before attempting to remove the debris.
 to 
General fault detected
Inverting and bypass
•
•
Check the fan for any obstruction and remove it.
If there is no issue with the fan, disconnect the unit from its DC and
AC power sources, then reconnect, and then restart the unit. Perform
“Step 7: Testing Your Installation” on page 32.
If fault detection persists, contact customer service.
•
For error code : after the LBCO shutdown delay, the unit
will immediately stop inverting
For error codes  to :
975-0767-01-01
the unit will stop inverting
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Troubleshooting Reference
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Do not disassemble the Freedom X. It does not contain any userserviceable parts. Attempting to service the unit yourself could result in
an electrical shock or burn.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or serious injury.
NOTICE
INVERTER DAMAGE
Avoid continually overloading the inverter and subjecting it to
over temperature conditions. Although provided with integral protection
against overloads continual overloading can damage the circuitry.
Failure to follow these instructions can damage the inverter.
Table 7 Troubleshooting Reference
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
Alarm does not sound when an error is
encountered.
Alarm is turned OFF.
See “To turn off the alarm buzzer:” on page 45 and follow
instructions to turn the alarm buzzer on again.
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Troubleshooting Reference
Table 7 Troubleshooting Reference
Problem
Possible Cause
No output voltage. The status LED is red.
AC shore power is not available or out of operating range and the inverter has shut down with the LCD
screen showing one of the following error codes:
975-0767-01-01
Solution
•
Low input voltage (fault code )
•
High input voltage (fault code ) •
•
Verify the unit is connected to a 12V battery.
Check the voltage regulation of the external charging
system (if any).
•
Unit overload or AC output short
circuit (fault code )
•
Reduce the load. Make sure the load does not exceed the
output rating.
•
Thermal shutdown (fault code ) •
•
•
Allow the unit to cool off.
Reduce the load if continuous operation is required.
Improve ventilation. Make sure the inverter’s ventilation
openings are not blocked.
•
•
Check the DC connections and the cable.
Recharge the battery.
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Troubleshooting Reference
Table 7 Troubleshooting Reference
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
No output voltage is shown in the LCD
screen but the green status LED for Battery
mode is illuminated.
GFCI (when installed) has tripped or
supplementary breaker has tripped.
Check load and reset the GFCI or supplementary breaker.
Circuit breaker on the AC load panel or Reset the circuit breaker or check the AC output disconnect
AC output disconnect has tripped.
circuits.
Battery voltage is too low (depending
on setting, see “Operating Limits” on
page 51) to start inverting. LCD screen
may show DC voltage as .
Check DC connections and cable.
Recharge battery.
No output voltage is shown in the LCD
screen and neither of the green status LEDs
(for AC mode and Battery mode) is
illuminated.
AC shore power is not available or out
of operating range and the inverter is
OFF.
•
•
No output voltage. The status LED is not
lighting up.
Ignition lock (ACC) signal is not
present.
58
AC shore power is not available and the •
•
inverter is OFF due to a shutdown for
more than 30 seconds.
•
Check AC shore power.
Turn the inverter ON.
Check AC shore power and battery voltage.
Turn the inverter ON and look at the LCD screen for any
error code.
See Table 6, “Error Codes Displayed on the LCD Screen”
on page 54.
If the ignition control feature is in use, ensure the vehicle’s
ignition is On and the ignition control switch on the front of the
Freedom X unit is On (|).
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Troubleshooting Reference
Table 7 Troubleshooting Reference
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
The fan turns on and off during AC shore
power mode.
The battery is discharged.
Do not be alarmed, the unit is performing normally.
The fan turns on and off during inverter
mode.
The inverter is running continuously at
high power.
975-0767-01-01
AC pass-through current is high.
Do not be alarmed, the unit is performing normally. The fan is
activated automatically.
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Inverter Applications
The Freedom X performs differently depending on the AC loads
connected to it. If you are having problems with any of your loads,
read this section.
Resistive Loads
These are the loads that the inverter finds the simplest and most
efficient to drive. Voltage and current are in phase (that is, in step
with one another). Resistive loads usually generate heat in order to
accomplish their tasks. Toasters, coffee pots, and incandescent
lights are typical resistive loads. It is usually impractical to run
larger resistive loads—such as electric stoves and water heaters—
from an inverter due to their high current requirements. Even
though the inverter can most likely accommodate the load, the size
of battery bank required would be impractical if the load is to be run
for long periods.
60
Motor Loads
Induction motors (that is, motors without brushes) require two to six
times their running current on start up. The most demanding are
those that start under load, for example, compressors and pumps. Of
the capacitor start motors (typical in drill presses, band saws, etc),
the largest you can expect to run is ½ hp (the transfer relays are
rated at 2 hp). Universal motors are generally easier to start. Since
motor characteristics vary, only testing will determine whether a
specific load can be started and how long it can be run.
If a motor fails to start within a few seconds or loses power after
running for a time, it should be turned off. When the inverter
attempts to start a load that is greater than it can handle, it will turn
itself off after a few seconds.
Long Transfer Times The Freedom X may take a long time
(~ 0.1–0.2 seconds) to transfer to Battery Mode when shore power
is cut off while powering a motor load. Motor loads typically
“freewheel” when power is removed (for example, a grinder) and
causes a longer transfer time. The longer transition from shore
power to inverter power may cause connected computers or other
sensitive equipment to operate incorrectly. To avoid this effect, do
not connect motor loads together with sensitive equipment to the
inverter for power.
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Specifications
NOTE: Specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
Physical Specifications
Freedom X
L×W×H
14.8” (376mm) × 10.4” (263mm)× 3.5” (91mm)
Net Weight
10.4 lbs (4.7 kg)
Environmental Specifications
Freedom X
Ambient Temperature:
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Humidity: Operation/Storage
System Specifications
Transfer relay rating
Transfer time (shore to inverter)
Transfer time (inverter to shore)
Transfer voltage (shore to inverter)
Transfer voltage (inverter to shore)
Cooling
-4 –122 ºF (-20 –50 ºC), with output derated
above 77 ºF (25 °C)
-40 –158 ºF (-40 –70 ºC)
5–95% RH, non-condensing
Freedom X
30A surge, 24A continuous
<20 millisecondsa
<20 milliseconds with a 20-second delay
<95 V and >135 V
<130 V and >100 V
Fan, activated by any of the following:
•High internal temperature
•High AC output power
a. To change the AC Transfer time (mode), see “To change the AC Transfer mode:” on page 44.
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Specifications
DC Input
Operating voltage range
Freedom X
LBCO voltagea–16.5 VDC
Safe non-operating voltage range
0–24 VDC
Nominal voltage
12.0 VDC
Nominal current at full load
116 ADC
AC Output
Output voltage range
Continuous power
Freedom X
110–125 VAC
1200 W @ 25 °C
Continuous current
10.0 A
Surge power
2400 W
Frequency
GFCI protection
Wave shape
Peak efficiency
Full load efficiency
Regulatory Approvals
EMC and Safety
EMI
60 (or 50) Hzb
customer-providedc
True Sine Wave
91%
 86%
Freedom X
ETL listed to CSA 107.1
UL458 and UL458 Marine Supplement (drip
shield with product number 808-1050 required)
ABYC E11, A20, A25, A31
FCC Class B
a. To set LBCO, see “To change the Low Battery Cutout (LBCO) voltage:” on page 42.
b. To set the AC Frequency, see “To change the AC Output Frequency:” on page 45.
c. See “Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs)” on page 14 for approved devices.
62
Freedom X Owner’s Guide
Freedom X Owners Guide.book Page i Wednesday, May 11, 2016 10:32 AM
Freedom X Owners Guide.book Page ii Wednesday, May 11, 2016 10:32 AM
Schneider Electric Solar
Inverters USA Inc.
+1 800 670 0707
+1 408 987 6030
http://www.xantrex.com
975-0767-01-01
Printed in China
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