LBL Computing Newsletter, Volume 30

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Recent Work
Title
LBL Computing Newsletter, Volume 30; Number 1
Permalink
https://escholarship.org/uc/item/3j7828xq
Author
Morley, M.
Publication Date
1993-02-01
eScholarship.org
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University of California
DISCLAIMER
This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States
Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the
United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor the Regents of the University of
California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or
assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any
information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not
infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product,
process, or service by its trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not
necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the
United States Government or any agency thereof, or the Regents of the University of
California. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or
reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof or the Regents of the
University of California.
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liJ COMPUTING
1990
-NEWSLETTER
ICS CUTOVER APRIL 6
SUN SOFTWARE MANAGEMENT
OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
•
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Vol. 27, No.4· April1990
2
This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States
Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The
Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any
warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the
accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or
process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights.
Reference herein to any specific commercial products process, or service by its trade
name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply
its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or
any agency thereof, or The Regents of the University of California. The views and
opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the
United States Government or any agency thereof or The Regents of the University of
California and shall not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes.
•
•
Newsletter Closing Date is Monday, April16, 1990
Address all communications for the Newsletter to login nooz@uxl.lbl.gov
or put in Maggie Morley's Drop Box in the Workstation Group File Server
Editor: Maggie Morley
Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC03-76SF00098
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory is an Equal Opportunity Employer
PUB 429 4/90 2100
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
Vol. 27, No. 4 - April 1990
3
•
TABLE OF CONTENTS
GRAPHICS NEWS
QMS Color LaserWriter Lore ................................................. ,........................................... ,...... 4
GENERAL NEWS
IMSL Libraries' New Interactive Documentation Facility ............. ,...................................... 5
New Version of NAG on CSA ................................................................................................... S
Fortran-LINT Upgrade on CSA3 .............................................................................................. 6
LaTeX Calendar Generator on Unix and CSA ........................................................................ 6
ICS Notes ....................................................................................................................... ,.............. 8
Sun Software Support ................................................................................................................. 8
•
NEWS OF PHYSICS LIBRARIES ............................................................................................. 11
LBLNET NEWS ............................................................................................................................ 14
LBLnet Activity Map- February 1990 .................................................................................... 16
THE WORKSTATION SCENE ................................................................................................. 17
Schedules for Computer Classes ................................................................................................ 24
NAMES & NUMBERS TO KNOW .......................................................................................... 27
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
Vol. 27, No.4 - April1990
4
GRAPHICS NEWS
QMSCOLOR
LASERWRITER LORE
Bill Benson
A QMS ColorScript 100 color PostScript printer, as
announced in the March Newsletter, is up and running
in Bldg. SOB, Rrn. 1275. It can be accessed from the
AppleTalk and Distributed Printing systems.
MAC USERS
Remember, if you are a Macintosh user, you need the
Laserwriter 6.0 distribution (LaserWriter 6.0, LaserPrep
6.0, and Print Monitor 1.3) to get output in color from
the ColorScript. This distribution is available in the
Graphics folder on the WKSG Server 1 in the lbl zone
(copy it to your System Folder, replacing the previous
versions).
•
Get it from the Graphics Folder!
It is important to get Laserwriter 6.0 from the Graphics
GENERAL INFORMATION
The imageable area is somewhat smaller than that of a
regular laser printer, and it may not be centered on the
page. For both 8 1 /2" x 11" and 11" x 17" pages, the
margins required (in portrait orientation) are 0.8" at the
top, 1.3" at the bottom, and approximately 0.2" at the
left and right. The ColorScript has limits to the size of an
image placed on the page because it needs to grip the
page securely, maintaining exact registration, as it rolls
the paper back and forth for up to four passes.
Tray Size-Media Combinations
At present, there are four combinations of tray size and
media:
letter
letter
tabloid
tabloid
paper
transparency
paper
transparency
The ColorScript will normally be loaded with letter size
paper. You can call x6211 during regular working hours
to request a different combination.
Caveat
Since we presently have only one color PostScript
printer and it can only handle one paper size at a time,
you might not always get the paper size or media you
expected. If paper size is important, check first before
running your print job.
VMS/UNIX USERS
To access it from Unix and VMS machines, type:
folder (rather than from the Apple color disk) because
this version includes four additional page sizes which
match the imageable area the printer can achieve.
Although four page sizes can be specified -letter
81/2" x 11"), tabloid (11" x 17"), A3, and A4- we have
trays only for the first two.
When you use the QMS printer, you should make sure
that all Mac users on the same LocalTalk network have
the same versions of LaserWriter, LaserPrep and
PrintMonitor. This will prevent thrashing, i.e., annoying
3-minute delays while your local printer is re-initialized.
For most applications, specify the desired page size by
selecting the "Page Setup ..." menu under the File menu. •
Press the "Tabloid" popup menu for additional sizes.
Select:
·
Colorscript 100 US letter (for 81/2" x 11")
or
Colorscript 100 tabloid (for 11" x 17")
You can, as an alternative, use the public domain
application MyPageSetup (in the Graphics folder) to set
(or inspect) these and other printer defaults.
Forward comments and questions to me at x5703 or
Unix or
Software Tools Mail: WHBenson@lbl.gov
VMS Mail:
lpr -Pqp2 <name of your PostScript file>
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
lbl::WHBenson
Vol. 27, No.4 - April, 1990
•
5
GENERAL NEWS
IMSL LIBRARIES'
NEW INTERACTIVE
DOCUMENTATION FACILITY
Marty Gelbaum
The Interactive Documentation Facility for the IMSL
Libraries is available for use on the CSA cluster. The
IMSL libraries are a collection of Fortran-callable mathematical, statistical, and special function subprograms.
This facility has two main purposes:
1. To help you identify IMSL routines via
• routine name, if known
• any associated keyword(s) (such as "eigenvalues", or
"regress")
• the GAMS classification (a classification scheme for
mathematical routines)
• a succession of menus
2. To help you use routines by
•
• providing access to most of the information in the
IMSL User's Manual
• helping to find related functions and subprograms
• making a sample FORTRAN program (easily),
using the routine of interest
This facility, which is oriented toward FORTRAN
programming, helps you find and use the IMSL routine
that best suits your programming needs. The system
can
v" help you search for a mathematical, statistical, or
special function routine you need for a certain task,
v" show some or all of the relevant documentation, and
even
v" create a sample program using the routine.
The vendor is currently letting us try the facility without
cost; LBL will have to pay for the product if we decide to
keep it. Therefore, we need your input! Please send us
your comments on its value.
Usage:
You need to run this DCL command procedure BEFORE
using the facility:
$ @sys_utilities:setup_imsl_idf.com
Then, start up the IMSL Libraries Interactive Documentation Facility with this command:
imsl_idf
The facility has two internal interfaces: the MENU and
COMMAND interfaces.
The MENU interface uses a simple menu to look up
relevant routines. After finding the routine that seems
most promising, you can "change the information
selected" to include a sample program. You may then
create a file containing the sample program by sending
this information to a file. The output part of the file has
"C" in column one of the output, so the file, which is a
FORTRAN source file, can be compiled, linked with
IMSL, and executed.
In the COMMAND interface, use the command (for
example)
TY/EX/OUTPUT=EVCRG.FOR EVCRG
to write the example program for EVCRG to the file
EVCRG.FOR.
Other COMMAND interface actions:
SEARCH EIGENVALUES
(search for routines with REGRESS as a keyword)
TYPEEVCRG
(type information for the routine EVCRG)
There is internal HELP for the program, accessed by
typing "?" in the MENU interface and by typing
"HELP" in the COMMAND interface.
NEW VERSION OF NAG ON CSA
Marty Gelbaum
On March 6, 1990, we installed a new version (Mark 13)
of the NAG double precision library of mathematical,
statistical, and special function Fortran subprograms on
CSA. Generally, this new version is downwardly
compatible with the old version (Mark 12).
In the Mark 12 documentation, routines to be withdrawn from the library were listed, and directions for
replacing them with better routines (in the Mark 13
version) were given. (One user was particularly pleased
by the replacement of E04CGF with E04JAF, which he
felt was a much better routine).
The LINK statement is the same as with Mark 12:
LINK object-file, sys_nagd/lib
You can access the old version (Mark 12) by typing
LINK object-file, old_nagd/lib
The old version will be removed within the next six
months. Programs already linked with this old version
WILL continue to run, barring truly unusual circumstances.
Forward comments and questions to me at x4749 or
Unix or
Software Tools Mail: martyg@lbl.gov
VMS Mail:
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
lbl::martyg
Vol. 27, No.4 - April, 1990
6
FORTRAN-LINT UPGRADE
ONCSA3
in "landscape" mode, that is, with the print running left
to right along the 11" dimension of the paper; the
calendar fits neatly on 8.5" x 11" paper.
Marty Gelbaum
Sample input (for calendar for April, 1990)
FORTRAN-lint has been upgraded to Version 2.61 (from
Version 2.58). FORTRAN-lint is a FORTRAN source
code analyzer - available ONLY on CSA3- that is
designed to simplify the debugging of FORTRAN
programs. The program was recoded in C and reworked to run much faster. Version 2.61 includes
support for records and structures in FORTRAN and
some minor bug fixes.
-------CUT HERE-------19904
4
\begin{itemize}
\item Oral Presentation. \\
\item 6:30pm Night class.
\end{itemize}
%
17
\begin{itemize}
\item Mom's Birthday.\\
\item 10:00am Dentist Appointment.
\end{itemize}
For more information on how to use FORTRAN-lint, see
the online HELP article FLINT and the FORTRAN-lint
User's Manual, available at the Help Desk, 50B/1215,
and the Computer Center library, 50B/1232, x7008.
•
%
LATEX CALENDAR GENERATOR
ON UXl/3/5 AND CSA
Marty Gelbaum
LXCAL, a program to produce a monthly calendar in
LaTeX, is now availableon UX1/3/5 and CSA. LXCAL
is in the normal search path on UX1/3/5. To use
LXCAL on CSA, you need to define a "foreign symbol",
as follows:
lxcal :== $TEX_DISK:[tex.local.lxcal]lxcal
This is a public-domain program, written by
B. Narasimhan
Dept. of Statistics
Florida State University
Tallahassee, Florida 32306.
E-mail: naras@stat.fsu.edu
23
\begin{itemize}
\item Group meeting.\\
\item Trial run of new system.
\end{iternize}
%
You MUST end the input file with "%"'; LXCAL won't
run successfully if you don't.
Forward comments and questions to me at x4749 or
Unix or
Software Tools Mail:
VMS Mail:
The author states categorically, "No claim whatsoever is
made regarding this code or the calendar-design. Note
that no error checking is done. Comments, suggestions
and reports regarding bugs [to the e-mail address shown
above] are welcome."
Although a few bug fixes were done here at LBL, we
offer no guarantee of support or.upgrade. Local tests
after installation of the bug fixes were successful. The
program takes an input file, a sample of which is provided below, and generates a LaTeX output file. The
user then processes this file through LaTeX and prints
the resUltant DVI file on local laser printer. Thus, the
usage goes like this:
a
lxcal input_file cal.tex
latex cal.tex
lpr -Pap4 -d -L cal.dvi
The calendar will then be printed on the ap4 LaserWriter. The "-L" flag is needed to make the file print out
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
martyg@lbl.gov
lbl::martyg
•
I
•
•
•
APRIL 1990
I_
Sunday_ _
Mo_nday
_u_
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2
1
I _\1\fednesday __ I
Tuesday
4
3
•
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Thursday
I
Friday
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Saturday
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7
6
5
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[2.
Oral
Presentation.
~
~
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~
:;!.
• 6:30pm Night
class.
-t'"'
~
~
Q
8
9
15
16
22
29
23
•
Group meeting.
•
Trial run of new
system.
10
11
12
13
14
17
18
19
20
21
25
26
27
28
e
Mom's Birthday.
•
lO:OOam Dentist
Appointment.
24
30
MARCH 1990
M
T W T
s
7
1
8
11 12 13 a
18 10 20 21
25 211 27 28
22
29
S
•
~----
----
-
-~-
----
----··-
-·-·-
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u
MAY 1990
F
2
•
111
23
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3
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11
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•
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......
Vol. 27, No.4 - April, 1990
8
ICS NOTES
Maggie Morley
Use x7930
If you dial in on (486)-7900 (the "speed conversion")
line, to
Logging In Through ICS
Full cutover of telephone, dataswitching and voice mail
service to ICS is to be completed by April 6.
(a) do file transfer (with Kermit or other protocols), or
(b) manage large volumes of output
(with <CTRL> S/Q),
At that time, the Asynchronous Data Interface (ADI-100)
-a small beige brick-shaped box with a black frontwill replace all Gandalf/Develcon dataswitching services. Develcon users must move their cables from the
blue Develcon box to the ICS ADI-100. Users with
Macintosh terminals will need a new cable; call ICS
Service Center (x7997) and they'll send one.
you may run into transfer problems.· In those cases, you
should use the (486)-7930 ("autospeed") lines,
Logging in to the Cluster
Here's how to log in to the Cluster machines with the
ICS box (what you type is in bold face):
Hit <Shift> <Break> or <Shift> <Enter>
It responds:
ENTER- DIRECTORY (D), NETWORK (N), OUTSIDE
(0), OR TERMINAL TYPE CHANGE (T) >
Hit d <RETURN>
It responds:
ENTER DESTINATION NUMBER>
Type CSA <RETURN>
It responds:
DATA CALL INITIATED:
Type <RETURN> again
• If you are directly connected from ICS to CSA, you'll
get a login prompt ("CSA1>").
• If you are connected through a terminal server,
you'll need to type <RETURN> one or more times
until you get the login prompt
ICS and Dial up Modems
The new dial-up numbers are
Number
486-7930
486-7900
486-7996
Incoming Baud Rate
3/12/2400 Baud
3/12/2400 Baud
9600 Baud
Connect Baud Rate
3/12/2400 Baud
9600Baud
9600Baud
I
Forward comments and questions to Paul Murray at
x5354 or
VMS Mail: lbl::PGMurray
Unix or
Software Tools Mail: PGMurray@lbl.gov
SUN SOFTWARE SUPPORT
Jerry Borges
Computing Services is offering to coordinate a program
of Laboratory-wide support for Sun software products.
The program should save LBL personnel considerable
time/expense by eliminating duplicate effort/cost. The
more Sun users participate, the greater the general
savings. For example, several people have separate Sun
Fortran support now; consolidating these (and others)
into one Fortran license and multiple rights-to-copy
would be cheaper for all users. Update tapes and
manuals would be obtained from Sun and made available to users as required.
If you are interested, please fill out this questionnaire
and return it to me. I will furnish pricing information
once the data is gathered.
Forward comments and questions to me at x5568 or
Unix or
Software Tools Mail: JTBorges@lbl.gov
VMS Mail:
1
It will take more than one return to get the CSA
prompt if you are connected via a Terminal Server.
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
lbl::JTBorges
I
9
Vol27, No.4 - April, 1990
Request for Sun Software Support
•
Machine Contact
Machine Hostld
Mall Stop, Extension
Machine Type
Account No.
CPU Serial No.
Machine Name - - - - - - - - - -
Machine Location
Note the software to be supported on your machine .
•
Sun OS
SunWrite-Paint-Draw
SunOS Source Code
Open Windows
Sun Fortran
Sunlink DNI
Sun Pascal
DOS Windows
Sun C++
PC-NFS
Sun Common Lisp
Other
Is Rnswerline seruice required?
yes
Signed
Division
Print Name
Date
no
Return to Jerry Borges, Mail Stop 50F
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETIER
Vol. 27, No.4 - April, 1990
10
•
Sun Software Management
ATTN: Jerry Borges
MS50F
LBL
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
•
•
•
Vol; 27, No.4- April1990
11
NEWS OF PHYSICS LIBRARIES
Werner Koellner
e PHYSICS UTILITIES
You can access the Physics Utilities, including the CERN
Library, the PAW (Physics Analysis Workstation)
Library, and the various Physics Utilities HELP Libraries
by executing the DCL command
e APS_WHATS_NEW
Weekly news capsules, issued by Robert Park, of the
American Physical Society, are available in
APS_WHATS_NEW. Please type
Help Mis_Phys Aps_Whats_New
for further information.
@Physics$Manager:Setup_Phys
We recommend that you include this line in your
Login.Com file.
e CERN LIBRARIES FOR UNIX SYSTEMS,
AND OTHERS
The discussion of programs and utilities in this section
has, until now, dealt with implementations on the VMS
Cluster CSA. Work has been in progress to make some
CERN libraries available to Sun and Spare Station
users. During the past month the first CERN package,.
JETSET, has been ported to UXS. See details below.
Work continues to make GEANT, PAW, and associated
codes available on UXS as well. Similar efforts could
possibly be undertaken for installation of these libraries
on Silicon Graphics machines. Watch for future announcements.
eHELP
When you type
Help @Physics_Utilities
you'll see a list of utilities for which help text is available
under "Additional information available." You may also
type
e CERN LIBRARY
Object libraries are updated at unpredictable times.
Changes are documented in the "Program Library
News" section of the CERN Computer Newsletter. Past,
current, and sometimes future issues can be found in
Cem$Inform:PROGLIB.CNLxxx. Of particular interest
are news items regarding the status of obsolete routines.
Additional information can be found in various files in
Cem$Info!1Jl, in Cem$CemHlp, and via online HELP
for selected products. In some cases a previous version
of an object library is available as xxxxx.OLD.
No new releases have been received this month.
Changes or improvements are detailed below.
ecMz·
CMZ is an advanced, interactive Source CODE MANAGEMENT System with ZEBRA. It is fast, customizable, self-documenting, machine-independent, and
PATCHY-compatible. Its speed is due largely to the
storage of source code in Zebra RZ direct access files.
Self-documenting means that you can type HELP at any
time to get help information. A user manual is available
from the Computer Center Librarian. On the CSA
Cluster the program can be used by typing
Run Cem$CemExe:CMZ
Help 'subtopic'
where 'subtopic' is one of the utilities listed, to get help
directly on a particular utility. You'll find information
about some miscellaneous programs by typing
Help Mis_Phys
eAPS_LaTeX
Submit articles to the PHYSICAL REVIEW in machine
readable LaTeX compuscripts by using the APS "compuscript toolbox." Type
Help Mis_Phys Aps_Latex
The program may be ported to Sun machines or other
platforms.
e
COMPUTER PHYSICS COMMUNICATIONS
Computer Physics Communications of Belfast, Northern
Ireland, maintains the CPC Program Library, a large
collection of Physics-related programs. You can scan the
index of programs added since October 1989 by printing
the file
Cem$Inform:Cpc_Lib.Index.
for more information.
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
Vol. 27, No.4- April1990
12
8DISPLAY5
A new release of DISPLAYS is now available by typing
Run Display5$Library:[)isplay5
This program accepts histogram and plot input produced by HBOQK4 & HPLOTS as well as input from the
older HBOOK/HPLOT packages. Work to improve the
documentation (Display5.Mem or DisplayS.TeX)
is under way.
DISPLAYS is an interactive program which lets you
manipulate and modify histograms and plots, with
many options available. Output destined for a number
of different devices, including fancy Laserwriter output
and output for subsequent processing by the Adobe
Illustrator, on MACs can be made. Type
object library file. The recommended link procedure is
Cem$Library:Geant.Lnk using linker options files
GEANTxy.OPT, where xis either I orB, andy is either
<null> or _ATC, depending on the answers to the
questions Geant.Lnk asks. The graphics interface for
Geant is now GJ<S, but Geant is also available with the
0!3000 graphics interface. To link that version, on CSA2
only, use @Cem$Library:Geant_Di3000.Lnk.
METAFILE graphics output is available. Please type
•
Help Geant
for additional information.
Help Display
An updated, debugged version of PYTHIA53 has been
for detailed information.
eGARFIELD
Garfield is a drift-chamber simulation program that
calculates and plots the electrostatic field, the drift-lines
of electrons and ions, and the currents on the sense wires
resulting from the passage of a charged particle through
the chamber. A copy of the User's Manual is available
from the Computer Center Librarian, Bldg. SOB., Rm.
1232C, x4242.
The program is now operational using the ATC GKS
graphics interface, which allows use of all available
terminals and non-interactive devices. The available
terminal types can be found in the Grafpak-GKS Workstation Guide. Improvements in the interface routines to
GKS may be coming.
An example may be run as follows:
1. Copy Cem$Library:Garfexam.Inp to your default
directory
2. Type the command
GARF<cr>
3. At the first Garfield prompt (MAIN:) type
<garfexam.inp <cr>
The program writes Drift.Log and Gkserror.Log into
your default directory.
eGEANT
GEANT, a system of detector description and physics
simulation tools, is available as part of the CERN
Libraries. A new Sample Program, using ATC_GKS to
demonstrate graphics and other capabilities, is now
available.
Version 3.13/05 is the default version, with recent
update modifications made in the Object library. The
logical name Cem$Geant_Lib points to t~e appropriate
obtained and has been incorporated into
Cem$Library:Jetset72.0lb. For information about the
current versions of Jetset and Pythia, see
Cem$1nform:Jetset72.Doc
The temporary file Jetset72_New.Olb will be removed.
A test program, which also shows the appropriate linker
command, can be run by typing
@Cem$Library:Jetset72
You may copy or type this file,
Cern$Library:Jetset72.Com, to see what it actually does.
Jetset64, a precursor of Jetset72, is now available on
UXS. JETSETxx is a combination of the LUND Monte
Carlo programs JETSET and PYTHIA. The program
allows Monte Carlo studies of Jet fragmentation and
e+e- annihilation (Jetset) and hadron-hadron scattering
(Pythia). Documentation is available on CSA in
Cem$Inform:Jetset72.Doc. To use the program, either
add /usr/lang to your path, and then add -ljetset64 to
your compile command, or provide the full path in the
·
compile command
/usr/langl£77 -o program program.£ -ljetset64
A sample code, which ran at 1.1 sec/per event on a
CRAY machine, performed identically on UXS.
ePAW
At LBL, the program PAW is primarily being maintained in the full GKS version, named PAW_ATC,
although the mini-GKS version, as well as a DI3000
version, are available. PAW_ATC uses the ATC-GKS
interface, whereas PAW_013000 uses the PrecisionVisuals 013000 interface, which can be used only on
CSA2. Both versions make a large number of output
devices, for graphics output, available to the user.
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
•
13
VoL 27, No.4- April1990
•
Standard executable programs of PAW_ATC, METAPAW, PAW_DI3000, as well as PAW, are available in
PAW$LIBRARY. If desired, users may link their own
versions by using or modifying the procedures
PAW$LIBRARY:PAW_ATC.LNK or
PAW_DI3000.LNK or
PAW.LNK).
These procedures use corresponding linker options files,
e.g. PAW_ATC.OPT. With PAW_ATC, graphics output
may be directed simultaneously to the screen or to a
Metafile for subsequent processing via the program
METAPAW, and also simultaneously, and selectively, to
a PostScript file.
Most recent PAW_ATC improvements are documented
in files Cem$Inform:Paw.News*. The latest of these is
PAW.NEWS1081. Manuals for PAW, including a fancy
new User's Manual, are available from the Computer
Center Librarian (Bldg. SOB, Rm. 1232C - x4242). Type
Help Paw
for more information.
•
eTOPDRAWER
An updated version of TOPDRAWER, with new options, including graphics on VAXstations, has been
installed. Work on adapting the new user manual,
Topdrawer$Library:Topdrawer.Doc, is still in progress.
Information on local enhancements can be found by
typing
Help Topdrawer
The latest version now works correctly on a VAXstation,
with automatic opening of UIS window(s). Implementation for devices with DecWindows is under study.
Please type
Help Topdrawer Vax
for details about getting graphics to a hardcopy device,
as well as joumalling and zooming.
This version also includes a much improved PostScript
Driver, as well as a driver producing input for processing the graphics with the Adobe Illustrator on MACs,
courtesy of Jack Eastman. Again, HELP TOPDRAWER
has the appropriate information in a sub-topic.
Forward comments and questions to me at x4398, or
Software Tools Mail
or Unix:
VMS Mail:
WOKoellner®lbl.gov
lbl::WOKoellner
•
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
14
Vol. 27, No. 4 - April 1990
LBLnet NEWS
Bob Fink & Sig Rogers
Buildings Added to LBLnet
Building 25 should be connected to the Routed LBLnet
by the time this newletter is published. It will be connected via the ir4gw router, and be located in subnet
131.243.96 along with Buildings 5, 7 and 16.
LBLnet Phase II Building Schedule Update
The LBLnet Phase II building attachment schedule is
shown below.
If you have further questions about this schedule, please
call Bob Fink (x5692), SigRogers (x6713), or Ted Sopher
(x4559).
Bldg. 1 (Donner)
Bldg. 2 (AML)
Bldg. 3 (Calvin)
Bldg. 5
Bldg. 7
Bldg. 7
Bldg. 16
Bldg. 25
Bldg. 29
Bldg. 62
Bldg. 66 (SSCL)
Bldg. 69
Bldg. 72 (NCEM)
Bldg; 74
Bldg. 76
Bldg. 77
Bldg. 80
Bldg. 83
BARRNet (UCB)
operational
operational
operational
operational
operational
operational
operational
operational
operational
operational
operational
operational
lateMay90
operational
operational
operational
operational
operational
operational
ESNET
operational
Routed LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
Bridged LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
Bridged LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
Bridged LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
Bridged LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
Bridged LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
Bridged LBLnet
Routed LBLnet
UCB, BARRNet
& NSFNet access
MFE & several
DOE Decnet sites
Routed LBLnet means Decnet and Internet (tcp/ip)
service. XNS, LAVe and other protocols are c,mly
supported on the Bridged LBLnet unless their use is
entirely local to a subnet of the Routed LBLnet.
Kinetics FastPath Limitation
As we go to press the information we have from Van
Jacobson and Craig Leres, the software development
folk working on the Kinetics FastPath limitations, is that
the new software is almost ready. Hopefully, by the
time you read this, the new code for the FastPath will be
being installed around LBL.
At the same time the new software is installed, new
. "bootp" ROMS will be installed in the FastPaths as well.
This is the first step in providing more centralized
rebooting of FastPaths. This will obviate the need for
users to have copy of the FastPath code of their own
for local FastPath restarts.
Eventually, an improved centralized reboot ROM will be
installed that completely removes the need for local
intervention.
•
a
AppleTalk/LocalTalk Networks As Part Of LBLnet
Last month we promised a more detailed discussion of
issues regarding modifications to AppleTalk/Local-Talk
Networks that are part of LBLnet. Due to time constraints this article has been delayed for at least a month.
Stay tuned!
·NAT EtherMeter System
A new monitoring and performance measurement
system is now being added to LBLnet. This system,
manufactured by Network Access Technology, provides
low cost and high performance monitoring and measurement of an Ethernet. An ''EtherMeter'' device is
attached to each routed or bridged LBLnet Ethernet.
Each EtherMeter is controlled and monitored by a
centralized Network Management Station (NMS) located
in the Network Management Center (currently Ted
Sopher's office).
The EtherMeter provides dynamic measurement of
Ethernet utilization, packet-per-second performance,
collision and packet error rates, and types of traffic. In
addition, traffic statistics can be collected for offline
analysis and displays of "top-ten talkers" are provided
to help understand dynamic modes of use.
This system will provide an invaluable tool for deter-.
mining the health of the LBLnet system on a full-time
basis. Alarms can be set for various performance
thresholds, and individual Ethernets can be selected for
graphical analysis at the NMS.
The system will take several months to fully deploy, but
will be well worth it.
Network Traffic Data for January 1990
The NAT EtherMeter system being deployed will
change the LBLnet traffic data presented each month.
Independenf of this, the previous network traffic statistics will no longer be available. The reason for this stems
from a new version of the Digital Equipment Corp.
"RBMS" monitoring and statistl.cs program. The previous version had a special"filter" program, developed
locally, that provided the automatic generation of the
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
•
•
•
Vol. 27, No. 4 •- April 1990
15
network statistics for this newsletter. With the new
RBMS format, a new filter would have to be developed,
which we judge as not to be worth the effort given the
impending installation of the new NAT EtherMeter
system.
So, for awhile, statistics for all buildings won't be
available, but more types of information will be.
Bridged Backbone Statistics
Statistics for an 8 day interval, 7 Mar - 15 Mar 1990:
Packets /Sec ---428.3 pps
Broadcasts/Sec. --1.0 pps
Collision rate -------.94%
MultiCasts/Sec --28.4 pps
Packet size as percentage of total packets
64-127 byte packets ---------65.0%
128-255 byte packets ---------17.4%
256-511 byte packets -------1.0%
512-1023 byte packets -------7.8%
1024-1518 byte packets ------8.8%
Packet Type as percentage of total packets
LAVC -------46.1%
IP --------------33.3%
DNA --------13.7%
LAT -----------4.5%
XNS -------------.6%
ISO----------- .3%
ARP ------------.2%
•
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
16
Vot 27, No. 4 - April 1990.
LBLnet Bridged Backbone
128.3.252
•
192.12.173
230.4 K bps 11wave link .2
(backup path only)
HINKSLAN
2 - 64 K bps leased lines
MSRI
Subnet
128.3.188
· BARRNet Router BR4
~--::,:~=:;;:.:...--1
.4
Subnet
128.3.12
Sub net
131.243.96 ..----.
Subnet
128.3.128
Subnet
131.243.32
Subnet
131.243.16
Subnet
131.243.224
LBLnet Routed Backbone
131.243.128
@.Bridge
@
Router
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory
LBLnet Overview
14March199o
R.LFink-NetworkSystems
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
R
<Evans Hall)
BARRNet
•
Vol. 27, No.4 - April1990
17
THE WORKSTATION SCENE
•
[27.4.1]
LAB HOURS DURING MAC EXPO
The Workstation lab (Bldg. SOB, Rm. 2231) will close at
noon on April11, 12, & 13. WKSG members will be
attending the MacWorld Expo.
[27.4.2]
TRADING POST
Items advertised here are for Laboratory use only and
must be purchased with a valid account number. If you
have items you wish to advertise in the Trading Post,
contact Bruce Burkhart, x6858.
1. For Sale: IBM XT personal computer, 10 MByte Hard
Disk, & CGA Color Monitor, $595. Contact: Richard
LaPierre, x4692.
2. For Sale: IBM XT personal computer, 10 MByte Hard
Disk & Mono Monitor, $549. Contact: Richard LaPierre,
x4692.
•
•
3 For Sale: Apple 12" Mono Monitor, wo/adaptor card,
$119. Contact: Bruce Burkhart, x6858.
The Workstation Group Laboratory, home of several Workstation members as well as the Workstation Evaluation
Library is located in Bldg. 50B, Rm. 2231. The hours are:
Mon
Tues- Fri
SAM-I PM
3PM- 5PM
8AM-5PM
You can also reach us from the Computing Division's Unix
machines or the VMS cluster by sending mail to:
Unix or Software Tools
VMS Mail.
WKSG@lbl.gov
lbl::WKSG
We're here to help; please call us at x6858.
4. For Sale: Sun Microsystems Software: Sun PaintWrite-Draw v1.1, 1/4" tape, for Sun workstations, $250.
Contact Bruce Burkhart, x6858.
Now, issue the following DOS Time command
5. For Sale: Apple ImageWriter II dot-matrix printer, w I
cable, almost new, 25% off, $312. Contact Shelly Young,
x4257.
It will respond with the current time and prompt you to
enter the new time.
6. For Free: Two copies of VolksWriter3 (still in their
shrink wraps). Contact Bruce Burkhart, x6858.
7. For Free: Pascal Workshop 3.0 software for an Apple
Lisa. Brand new; unopened. Contact Jim Haughian,
x6162.
,~,~,,
C> time <cr>
Current time is 02:01:22.07
Enter new time: 03:02 <cr>
While you're in SETCLOCK, you can also change the
date, if you so desire. Issue the following DOS Date
command
C> date <cr>
[27.4.3]
TIMELY TIP: SI>~IN6 AliEAl>...
Hey there, PC users: Daylight Savings time is coming.
Don't forget to Spring Ahead on Sunday, Aprill (at 2
AM, if you're up).
PC-XT Owners: if you have a standard AST Board, you
run the AST -supplied program SETCLOCK.COM as
follows (what you type is in boldface):
C> SETCLOCK <cr>
It will respond
resident DATE/TIME processor loaded
Current date is 4/02/90
Current time is 02:01:22.07
It responds with a date and prompts you to enter the
new date.
Current date is Sunday 04::02-1989
Enter new date: 04-02-1990 <cr>
PC-AT Owners: If you're using PC-DOS Version 3.3,
just use the TIME command. If your PC-DOS is Version
3.2 or earlier, you must run the Setup program to set
your clock. The program is on the Diagnostics disk
supplied with your system. The disk is usually stored in
the read of the Guide to Operations manual.
Note: Network file servers get their time settings from
the name server, so there's no need to worry about
manual adjustment. You have to run the Setup program
to set your clock.
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
Vol. 27, No.4 - April1990
18
[27.4.4]
MAPLE FOR THE SUN, MAC, PC's
Our thanks to Waterloo Maple for our evaluation copy
t/ Maple, symbolic mathematics application for Macs,
386 PCs (MS DOS) and Unix systems. A single Mac
copy costs $39S; DOS version is $69S; Unix versions
range wide (Spare Station is $89S with discount for
multiple copies).
People in the know tell us that Maple overcomes some
mathematical bugs of Mathematica. It is less glitzy than
Mathematica in the graphics area, but the Maple people
are working on 3-D plotting now.
The system is set up and ready to go on the Mac in Bldg.
SOB, Rm. 2239A. Give it a try.
[27.4.5]
DADiSP FOR THE DEC, SUN, PC's
t/ DADiSP laboratory information management system.
We only have the demonstration package of this product, but it is definitely worth a look-see as an example
for experimenters interested in integrating their data
collection, processing, and analysis systems.
The demo is set up and ready to go on the Spare Station
in Bldg. SOB, Rm. 2239A.
[27.4.6]
OBJECTWORKS
FOR THE SUN, MAC, PCs
t/ Objectworks for Smalltalk-80, object-oriented program (OOP) 1 learning and development environment.
The Workstation Group has the Mac version ($S9S) but
identical systems are available for Unix and IBM 386
machines running MS-DOS (with or without Windows);
a version for OS2 is in the works.
1
What is object-oriented prograffillling? Beats me!
Beats many others, too, because articles about OOP tend
more often to describe it than to define it. Imagine a new
kind of carpentry where you have nails and screws and
thumbtacks. They are objects. They belong to some large
category called "fasteners" (a hierarchy) and have some
things in common (all made out of metal, for example).
The old fashioned carpenter fastens with each of these
objects by pounding, pressing, or whatever with the
appropriate tool. Now imagine that each object carries
with it the instructions for fastening itself and carries
with it the tool for doing the fastening. The carpenter
only has to know one word: "Fasten". When he tells a
nail to fasten, it grabs a hammer and pounds itself in. A
thumbtack grabs a thumb and presses itself into the
wall. This is silly when applied to carpentry, but when
applied to programming it makes more sense. For
further information on the concept, try MacWorld of
January 1990, Byte of March 1989 and Byte of August
1986.
Our thanks to ParcPlace for their contribution of our evaluation copy
I have spent maybe thirty hours with Objectworks for
Smalltalk-80 over the last six weeks, and I must confess
that if called upon to write a stand-alone program to
print "Hello World';, I couldn't do it. Which illustrates
one point about object-oriented programming: It's a
whole new way of programming and it's not easy to
learn. However, if I spend another thirty hours with it, I
have no doubt that I could not only program "Hello
World" but I could also program a mouse-driven,
window-oriented text editor and/ or simple drawing
program. This is a second important point: OOP delivers tremendous power.
Smalltalk-80 is the grand-daddy of OOPs and is pure
OOP, as opposed to hybrid languages, like C++, which
allow programmers to mix and match OOP extensions
and non-OOP2 code. The Objectworks for Smalltalk-80
development environment is windows-based and
mouse-driven; it is neither MAC nor Windows nor
Sunview, however, but is an environment that is standard across all those systems. My experience is that it is
easy enough to master (the environment, that is) for any
windows system user. In addition, applications developed in any system are portable to all Smalltalk-80
systems.
The Objectworks development and learning environment
includes a Smalltalk application that is the tutorial
environment. The on-line tutorial text includes some
discussion of what's being done (there is more discussion in printed documentation), but also includes lines
of code one executes by choosing "do it" from a pop-up
menu. All manner of browsers, explainers, inspectors,
transcripts, notifiers, and so forth are available to fully
explore the objects being created and used. Executing
this canned code lets one do amazing things early on:
creating a little drawing window, for example. The
tutorial progresses rapidly to doing animations and as a
grand finale gives executable code examples of creating
browsers and text editing windows. A snapshot can be
made at any time to preserve the entire environment.
•
•
The tutorial comprises a rich first course, no doubt about
it. If I had more time to devote to this project (and I
wish I did), I'd (o back and re-do the tutorial from the
ground up3 . I needed the first pass to get comfortable
2
According to the MacWorld article, mixed coding can
introduce complexity, and Apple keeps threatening
developers that their products will have to be 100% OOP
to work under future Macintosh system software.
3 And
it is from the ground up-the first part of the
tutorial is actually executing the code to create the
tutorial text browsers-as close as I've ever had to the
experience of pulling myself up by my own bootstraps.
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
•
Vol. 27, No.4 - April1990
•
19
with all the resources in the environment. I think I
could concentrate more on the concepts with a second
go-round. (I would also read all the manuals-they're
not long-at least once before starting the tutorial.
Again, to gain familiarity with terms and concepts.)
Aside from the tutorial, Objectworks includes a great
deal. What we're buying here, really, is a bunch of
objects, right? The reference manual is nothing but 300+
pages of a single hierarchical list describing basic objects,
their categories, dependents, actions, etc. (The information about the date object alone takes four full pages and
includes everything you'd ever need to do to a datefigure out leap year, find day of week name, etc. Compare this to the scanty date functions included in most
programming languages and you begin to get an idea of
what OOP power is.)
If the basic objects aren't enough, Objectworks includes
object files for creating run-time applications, making
screen clocks, doing statistics, handling Unix sockets,
working with imaginary and double precision floating
point numbers, and "meta-numeric" number classes
such as infinity-and many more. These object files are
of the sort that anyone can create and share with other
Smalltalk users.
•
•
I'll close with the hope that LBL programmers who have
been curious about OOP but have not yet tried it will
stop by and look at our installation of Objectworks .
While I would not recommend it for many of the small
one-time-only programs many of us write, I would
recommend it-or at least the concept of OOP-for
anyone working on a large project, a group project, and/
or a series of projects that require a consistent interface.
In addition, it's worth a look for all of us who are
interested in getting a better "feel" for how graphical
interfaces manage to do their work. At the very least, a
couple of hours with Objectworks does stretch one's
mind.
The system is set up on the Mac in Bldg. SOB, Rm. 2239A.
[27.4.7]
SAS/PC FOR PC'S
II' SASIPC statistical package is available for LBL staff at
a substantial discount from the campus Workstation
Software Support Group. Contact G. Scott Morris at 297
Evans Hall for an application form.
- - [27.4.9]
~ TIMELY TIP:
MAC Users: Daylight Savings time is coming. Don't
forget to Spring Ahead on Sunday, April1 (at 2 AM, if
you're up). To set your clock:
(1) Select the Alarm Clock from the Apple Menu.
(2) When the Time Window opens, click on the flag on
the right side of the window. That will open Time
and Date Set functions.
(3) Click on the Clock (not the Alarm Clock) icon. Select
numbers in the hour portion. Type in the new
number. Select the numbers in the minutes portion.
Type in the new number (if you need to). Select numbers in the seconds portion. Type in the new
number (if you're that fussy).
(4) Click on the Clock again.
(5) Close Alarm Clock.
(6) Close.
[27.4.10]
LUNCHTIME WORKSHOPS
FOR THE MACINTOSH
AND THE PC .
Here is the schedule of the Microsoft Word, Basic Mac
Classes, Mac Forum, and FileMaker II Workshops
coming up from April through June. No sign-up is
required. All classes will be held from 12 Noon to 1 PM.
Basic Mac Classes .
SOB/1229 04/18/90
05/09/90
Mac Forum
SOB/1229 04/04/90
Security Issues
Microsoft Word for the PC Workshops in May
SOB/1237 05/01/90 Styles
05/08/90 Glossaries/Macros
05/15/90 Merge/labels
FileMaker II Workshops in June
SOB/1229
06/12/90
06/19/90
06/26/90
[27.4.8]
SJ>~ING AI1EA()
Entry Options
Calculations/
Summary Fields
Scripts, etc.
Note: There will be no classes in Microsoft Word for the
Mac during April, May or June.
ABOUT DISKS
AND WINDOWS WORD
Windows Word users: If you got 3.5" disks in an Academic Version package, you can't run the tutorial. The
Workstation Group has replacement disks. Bring your
originals to the lab.
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
Vol. 27, No.4 - April1990
20
[27~4.11]
IF YOUR MEMORY
SERVES YOU WELL ..•
You may remember that as recently as the beginning of
FY90 we advised Macintosh users to buy more memory,
especially if they were working with the minimum 1
Megabyte. At that time, an Apple 2 MByte upgrade kit
cost $659 and memory could be purchased on the spot
market for around $200.
The picture has changed dramatically in the last few
months. Memory can now be purchased for about $75
per MByte! With new applications continuing to
demand more memory, there has never been a better
time to load up your machine for future growth and
compatibility. System 7 will require a minimum of 2
MBytes to support all its features. The Workstation
Group recommends that you have 4 MBytes or more.
[27.4.12]
INITIALIZING LASER PRINTERS
Bill Benson said it elsewhere in this Newsletter; we'll
say it again. All Mac users on the same LocalTalk
network should have the same versions of LaserWriter,
LaserPrep, and PrintMonitor in their system folders.
(Whenever a job is sent to the printer using different
versions of these programs, the printer will be tied up
for several minutes while it re-initializes to that version
of software.)
If you use the QMS ColorScript printer, you will need
LaserWriter 6.0, LaserPrep 6.0 and PrintMonitor 1.3 in
your system folder.
These programs can be found in the Systems folder and
in the Graphics folder on the WKSG file server.
[27.4.13]
THE MAC DOCTOR
Common System/Desktop Errors ...
Things you can do (easily!) before calling for help
uestion: I used to double click on a Microsoft
Word'™ document and the application would
Q open
automatically. Now when I attempt to do
this, I get the message "The file could not be opened/
printed (the application is busy or missing)."
(/f
nswer: The desktop file, which contains infor-
/"1. mation on applications and their corresponding
documents, has become corrupted or infected
by a WDEF virus and needs to be rebuilt. To rebuild the
desktop file, hold down the COMMAND and OPTION
keys during mounting of the desired volume.
Hard Drive: Mounting occurs on your hard drive
during boot-up so you should hold down the COMMAND and OPTION .keys during the start-up process.
A dialog box will appear asking you to confirm this
action. Answer YES and wait while the desktop file is
rebuilt. There is no need to restart after a desktop is
rebuilt, but any messages that were typed in the Get Info
box for a particular file or application will be lost.
•
Floppy diskette: hold down the COMMAND and
OPTION keys, then insert the floppy into the drive. The
same dialog box will appear. Confirm the action and
wait. The floppy diskette's desktop file will be rebuilt,
and any WDEF virus will be removed.
There is an outside chance that the application you are
trying to open from a document has simply become
corrupted. A similar error message would appear. Try
re-installing the application with the original floppy
disks.
Q
uestion: My Mac system and desktop are acting
very strangely; windows disappear and reappear,
.
and I have to re-start my machine pretty often to
clear up this erratic system behavior. What's going on?
(7f
nswer: Several things might be going on. You
/'1. might have corrupted system files, a desktop
virus, or both.
First, try resetting the Parameter RAM (they call it
"zapping the PRAM"). It's very easy: simply hold down
the COMMAND, OPTION and SHIFT keys simultaneously while accessing the Control Panel from the Apple
menu. You will be presented with a dialog box asking
you to confirm this action; answer YES. Wait a moment
for the Control Panel to appear, close it, and restart your
machine. The PRAM will then be cleared (you may have
to reset your mouse tracking speed and some other
minor system parameters after this procedure). If you
have Suitcase™ installed, you will rteed to hold the
mouse DOWN over the Apple icon in the Apple menu
prior to holding down the COMMAND, OPTION and
SHIFT keys and accessing the Control Panel.
Second, you may have a strain of the WDEF virus that
attacks the desktop file. The virus does not appear to
cause malicious damage, but it does have bugs and side
effects that are very annoying. It is activated when the
Finder opens the desktop file as part of the normal diskmounting process. Fortunately, WDEF is easy to detect
and eliminate. Scan your floppies with Disinfectant 1.6
(it's free; pick it up at the WKSG Lab). You may also
rebuild the Desktop file of the infected disk (see previous item). To keep WDEF from returning after your
machine is "clean," install GateKeeper Aid. It will automatically remove any WDEF virus on a floppy disk
inserted into your Mac. It too is free and can be picked
up at the WKSG Lab.
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
•
Vol. 27, No.4 • April1990
•
21
(27.4.14]
SHORTCUT ANDHANDOFF
... WKSG member Tom Pope finds finds two nifty utilities:
II' Shortcut from Aladdin Systems ($79)
For those of you who hate having to navigate through
the maze of folders to open a file, Shortcut can save you
loads of time and headaches. Shortcut provides every
Sau e Rs ... and 0 pen ... dialog box with a special menu
that contains a number of file and folder manipulation
commands designed to streamline your travels through
the Mac file system. Among them: remembering frequently used files and folders, file searching with a
number of parameters (including finding files within
Stufflt archives), unstuffing Stufflt archives, getting info
on files and folders and many others. All these commands are also available from the keyboard, smart
thinking. Shortcut takes up a fair amount of space - 356
KBytes with online help, 156 KBytes without- but it's
features and functionality make it well worth the money.
II' Hand Off from Software Innovations ($49)
•
•
The file "foobar" could not be
opened/printed (the application is busy
or missing).
n
OK
Aren't you sick of this? Me too, so I bought Hand Off.
Now when the Finder can't find an application to open
my documents, I get the Hand Off dialog (much more
friendly) which prompts me for a substitute application.
For instance, if I try to open a text file that I just downloaded from CSA I can tell Hand Off to open Microsoft
Word. And once I've done that, all those files will open
Word in the future. I can also assign files to an application based on the filename extension, so all my 123 files
with the .WKl extension will open Excel. Hand Off is one
of those programs that is so useful I'm surprised it took
as long as it did to show up. Both of these utilities were
listed among MacUser's top 200 Mac products.
(27.4.15]
LASER PRINTER WARS
Hewlett Packard recently announced a new printer, the
LaserJet ill, with an enhanced resolution. It lists for
$300 less than the Model II which it replaces. With an
Adobe Postscript cartridge and an AppleTalk interface
card, the printer could prove to be a formidable challenge to Apple's LaserWriter market. Our price will be
approximately $500 less than the cost of an Apple liNT
laser printer.
The AppleTalk interface card will not be available until
May or June. We will be purchasing an AppleTalk card
and a PostScript cartridge to evaluate the applicability
of HP's LaserJet III in a Macintosh environment. As
many of you know, we have historically maintained the
position that if you were in a Macintosh environment
your most "cost effective solution" was an Apple
Postscript printer. Apple recently reduced the prices ·
on their PostScript printers and it is not unreasonable
to expect some reaction to this new attack from HP.
We will keep you abreast of our evaluation and of new
developments in the coming months. Stay tuned. In
the meantime, if you are interested in additional info
about LaserJet III, read on.
The model ill uses the same printer engine found in the
old model II with a 300 dot-per-inch (dpi) resolution.
However, the new model produces sharper lines and
smoother curves which approach 500 dpi according to
some product reviews. The enhancement is accomplished by special logic in the printer that calculates the
position of the dots to be printed and adds a smaller
dot above and below the normal "staircase" that
appears on diagonal or circular lines. Since this "resolution enhancement" is built into the hardware, the
improved print quality will occur for all existing
software writt~n for the HP LaserJet family of printers.
You will need new software drivers to take advantage
of other new features such as the ability to scale, rotate,
reverse, shadow and mirror fonts available in the new
HP printer language.
Lost in all the excitement of HP's announcement is the
price reduction ($700 list) in the cost of an HP LaserJet
liD printer, a printer with two paper cassette trays and
double-sided printing capability ... not recommended
for normal laser printers. Please feel free-to call the
WKSG at X6858 for price and performance data.
(27.4.16]
NEW APPLE PRODUCTS
... The Macintosh Ilfx
A few weeks ago now, Apple introduced a high-powered Macintosh workstation (the most expensive yet),
called the Mac Ilfx. This is not a ''beefed-up" Mac Ilci,
but a completely redesigned machine with a 32 bit 40MHz 68030, zero-wait-state, a built-in Processor Direct
Slot (32 KByte direct interface to the system bus), two
smart dedicated I/0 processors, 6 expansion slots, and
other goodies. And for the first time, Apple is offering
an optional160 MByte hard disk, and a new adjustableheight keyboard, called the Extended Keyboard II.
Speed-wise, the Ilfx is purported to deliver about double
the performance of the Mac Ilci. Unfortunately, prices
for currently announced configurations all exceed $5,000
and must be purchased with Capital Equipment funds.
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
Vol. 27, No.4 - April1990
22
Mac IIfx CPU w I 4 MBytes RAM ................. $5285
Mac Ilfx CPU w /80 MByte hard disk .......... $5817
Mac Ilfx CPU w /160 MByte hard disk ........ $6464
participate in this new warranty program. Just save
your purchase order and receival documents to establish
your warranty period .
. . .new video cards
Two new display cards will drive all Apple monitors
and replace the current color and gray-scale video cards.
(1) The basic 4•8 card will support 256 colors on the
color monitor and up to 16 gray levels for the 1- and
2-Page mono monitors, and 256 levels for the hi-rez
mono monitor. The 4•8 card can be upgraded to a
8•24 card by adding a VRAM expansion kit, supporting 256 gray levels, and 16.7 million colors.
(2) The second new card is the 8•24GC which has a
RISC-based microprocessor for speed, and can
display up to 256 gray levels, and 16.7 million colors.
Both cards will require System 6.0.5.
Note: Only the 8•24 card is shipping. Base cost: $539
. . .System 6.0.5
We have just received a copy of this new release; it can
be found in the Systems folder on the WKSG server.
System 6.0.5 is required for the Mac Ilfx product. (It will
be shipped with all new Macs as the existing supply is
depleted). As in all OS releases, this one includes some
bug fixes. In addition, there are specific fixes and
enhancements for the Macintosh IIci and the portable.
Apple also recommends this release if you are using 32bit QuickDraw. The prudent Mac user will wait a couple
of months before upgrading. Of course, if you are
experiencing system software bugs, you may want to try
it out now.
... Compatibility Issues
There were (and still are) a few minor bugs with some
applications using the Mac Ilci, and a few more serious
ones with the Mac Portable. The introduction of the Mac
Ilfx will probably trip up a good many applications too.
The major software developers will be busy over the
coming months chasing down customer complaints.
.. .Apple's Extended Warranty
Apple Computer recently announced a new Apple
Hardware Warranty. Any hardware product purchased
after Jan 1, 1990 is now covered by a one year limited
warranty. (Did you know that federal law requires any
warranty that is not for the life of the product to be
called "limited. "). In plain English, the warranty
extends free hardware repairs from 90 days to one-year
from date of purchase. (IBM has offered this warranty
coverage for the past couple of years).
[27.4.17]
QUICKMAIL LICENSING
•
We have been working with the folks from CE Software
to implement a volume discount agreement for upgrades to their QuickMail product. The details have not
been resolved, however, CE has entered into an agreement with LLNL, so we have reason to be optimistic.
Presently we envision being able to offer upgrades to
QuickMail Version 2.2 at a savings of approximately
40%. QuickMail Center administrators will have to visit
the WKSG laboratory to obtain their key-disk upgrades.
We are also discussing the process which will enable us
to add new members to QuickMail with volume discount pricing. Contact William Jaquith or Richard
LaPierre at x6858 if you have comments or questions .
[27.4.18]
MACWRITEII 1.1 UPGRADE
Claris has recently released a free update of Mac Writeii,
Version 1.0. Under agreement from Claris, the WKSG
folks are authorized to update your original Mac Writeii
1.0 diskto this latest version (V 1.1) at no cost. With the
free upgrade, you get an Installation & New Features
Guide which supplements information in original
Mac Writeii documentation. The new guide also explains
the new features and enhancements.
•
An upgrade of any "older" version of MacWrite is not
free; contact Bruce Burkhart at x6858 for additional
information. New copies of MacWriteii 1.1 are available
from the WKSG Lab for $49.50.
The latest version has the following new features:
• Capability to exchange files with more than 20
Macintosh and IBM-compatible word processing
applications
• Improved HyperHelp capabilities that allow you to
copy and paste from the help system or linked help
stack directly into MacWriteii documents.
• Built-in virus protection assistance that notifies you of
a possible virus before launching Mac Writeii
• Enhanced overall performance of 15 to 50 percent for
the MacPlus and MaeSE
• More available disk space due to a lOOK reduction in
the size of the program.
For you world travelers, your warranty coverage is in
effect in any country that has an Authorized Apple
Service Provider. You don't have to do anything to
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
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Vol. 27, No.4 - April1990
•
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23
[27.4.19]
HYPERCARD CORNER
by Hyper Fan Bruce Burkhart
HyperCard 2.0
Finally!! Here's the first real news about the long
awaited major upgrade. MacWeek (3/6/90) has seen a
prototype, expected to be demo'd at the Apple's Worldwide Developers Conference in May. Look for a final
release version early this fall (we hope!).
Lots of enhancements and new features were outlined in
the MacWeek article. Some of these are:
• A new file format and better windowing
• Enhanced text editing (multiple fonts and styles in a
field)
e Improved hypertext support (any text can automatically be a button)
• Better search and reporting capabilities
• New visual effects and graphics commands
• An incremental compiler, a symbolic debugger and
better script editor.
On the other hand, no mention was made of a color
version. Look for lots of commentary in the next few
months, pro & con.
MacExpo'90
MacExpo, the "Mac Everything" show, is on April 11,
12 & 13. Like last year, the 3-day extravaganza will be
held in Moscone Center, Brooks Hall and Civic Auditorium. Everything you ever wanted for the Mac - and
more - will be exhibited during this three-day binge.
Busses will shuttle you back and forth all day long. For
a MacExpo flyer, stop by the Workstation Lab and check
out the Conference Sessions and other goodies. A 3-day
admission to the "Conference Sessions & Exhibits" is
$80; "Exhibits" only, is $25, cash at the door. There will
probably be a low 1-day admission price for just Exhibits.
E-Mail Help Stack series
As reported last month, a new HyperCard stack "An
Introduction to Electronic Mail at LBL" has been developed in the Workstation Lab and will be released April
1. The stack has been designed primarily for new and
intermediate users who need a better overall view of
Electronic Mail at LBL. This first stack will be primarily
an introduction to all aspects of E-Mail, with additional
stacks, detailing various components, to follow.
A second stack will talk about Telnet and how it works
with Electronic Mail at LBL. All stacks will include
sound & film clips of live Macintosh login Electronic
Mail sessions. Highlights of the initial "Introduction"
stack:
• How to open an account on the Cluster /Unix machines
• How to connect your workstation to your E-Mail
account
• What is Telnet, VersaTerm, and the IDA box?
• Mail Address Basics, finding an address
• How to send mail and some Network basics.
Conus Stack upgrade
The CONUS HyperCard stack was designed to help
with the "travel per-diem" rates and other cost calculations needed for travel forms at LBL. This new upgrade
includes the 1/19/90 rate revisions and incorporates
figures for lots of new cities. It's on the WKSG server, or
drop by the WKSG with a blank formatted disk for a
copy.
Ford Simulator II upgrade
Forget the new 1990 car specifications and go directly to
the driving games. Version 1.1 is somewhat more
sophisticated than the first release; it has better graphics
and sound this time around. It's on the WKSG Server,
or bring a blank disk to the WKSG Lab for a copy.
New Mac Users and HyperCard
HyperCard is a component of the system software
which was included with your Mac. New users invariably ask, "what can I do with it?"
HyperCard's unique feature give you the opportunity to
create your own applications (called "stacks") by
relatively simple methods. The Workstation Lab has lots
of example stacks you can look through for ideas that
may help you. Also, check out the MacExpo in April.
Lots of stacks will be available from the booths of the
Berkeley Macintosh Users Group and the Boston Macintosh Users Group. These BMUGs are the two largest
user groups in the world.
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
Vol. 27, No.4 Aprtl 1990
ICSD TRAINING SCHEDULE
•
April- June 1990
COMPUTING SERVICES CLASSES
Bldg. SOB, Rm. 1237
The following courses are offered by Computing Services. To enroll, obtain you supervisor~s approval and then
contact Pat Bean, x7008.
Electronic Mail: Survey
MaylO
lOAM-Noon
Intra. to C Programming
May 16, 18, 23, 25
lOAM-Noon
WORKSTATION CLASSES
The following courses are offered by the Workstation Group. There is no charge for these classes.
To enroll, obtain your supervisor's approval and then contact Carole Casaretto, x6858.
(Those classes with asterisks (*) prepended are already full.)
IBM-PC: Bldg. SOB, Rm. 1237
Macintosh: Bldg. SOB, Rm. 1229
Introduction to PC-DOS
Basic Macintosh
April18
12-1 PM
no sign-up req.
1-2:30PM
Basic Intra. to FileMaker
May9, 11
1-3PM
June 19,21
1-2:30PM
Beginning MS Word 4.0
April23, 25, 27
10-Noon
* April 17, 19
1-2:30PM
* May22,24
Microsoft Word for the PC
May 14, 16, 18
10-Noon
Aprill7, 19, 24, 26
3-4:30PM
May 15, 17, 22, 24
3-4:30PM
Intra. to MacDraw II
June 19, 21, 26,28
3-4:30PM
Beg. Excel Spreadsheet
May 8, 9,10
10:30-Noon
* April 30, May 2, 4
10-Noon
May 21, 23, 25
9-llAM
The Workstation Group also offers noon time classes (no sign-up required) in the following subjects:
Macintosh Forum (discussing security issues) ........ .4/4 ............................. 50B/1229
Basic Macintosh Class ......................................... A/18,5/9 ..................... 50B/1229
Microsoft Word Workshops for the PC .................. 5/1,8, 15 ..................... 50B/1237
FileMaker II Workshops ..................................... 6/12, 19,26 .................. 50B/1229
See Workstation Scene Newsletter Articles for more details on these worksho s.
LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
•
25
Vol. 27, No.4 - April1990
•
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LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
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Vol. 27, No.4 - April1990
•
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Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory
Computer Center Library - MS SOF
One Cyclotron Road
Berkeley, CA 94720
AITN: Newsletter Mailing List
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LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
•
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27
Vol. 27, No 3- March 1990
NAMESANDNUMBERSTOKNOW
from on-site, dial <xxxx> From off-site, dial (415)-<486-xxxx> From FTS, dial451-<xxxx>
INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES DIVISION
SOB 2232E
Director: Stewart Loken (SCLoken) ........................ 7474
Deputy Director: Sandy Merola (AXMerola) ........ 7440
SOB 2232C
OFFICE OF COMPUTING RESOURCES
Head: Dave Stevens (DFStevens) .......................... 7344
SOB
2258F
ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
Head: Dennis Hall (DEHall) ..................................... 60S3
SOB
3238
COMMUNICATIONS & NETWORKING RESOURCES
Head: Ken Wiley (KGWiley) .................................... 7083
SOB
22S8E
NETWORK SYSTEMS
Bob Fink (RLFink) .................................................... S692
SOB
22S8B
COMMUNICATIONS & NETWORKING FACILITIES
Sig Rogers (SGRogers) ............................................. 6713
SOB
22S8G
TELEPHONE SERVICES
Sam Gibson (FSGibson) ........................................... 4234
BOA
103
COMPUTING SERVICES
Head: Marv Atchley (FMAtchley) ........................... S4SS
Deputy: Harvard Holmes (HHHolmes) ................. S742
Central Office ...................................................... S871,2
SOF
SOF
SOF
117
11S
12S
VMS SYSTEM
Eric Beals (ERBeals) ................................................. S3S1
System Manager: Gil Johnson (GPJohnson) ........ 6211
SOF
SOB
143
122S
UNIX SYSTEM AND DISTRIBUTED PRINTING
Craig Eades (CAEades) ........................................... 6S69
UNIX (DHCleveland) ........................................... S336
Distributed Printing (RERendler) ....................... S629
System Manager: Roger Cochran (RJCochran). SS6S
USER RESOURCES
Jerry Borges (JTBorges) ........................................... SS68
Accounting ................................................................ 7008
HELP DESK .............................................................. S981
Math Libraries .......................................................... 4749
Library /Document Sales ........................................ 7008
Opening a New Account (PSBean) ....................... 7008
UNIX and Cluster:
Software Evaluation and Acquisition ................ SS68
GRAPHICS
Nancy Johnston (NEJohnston) ............................... S093
COMPUTING FACILITIES
Connecting a Remote Terminal ............................. S354
Terminal Repair
Paul G Murray (PGMurray) ............................ S354
Operations Area ....................................................... 6211
SOF
SOF
SOF
SOF
142
110
129
127
SOF
SOB
SOB
SOF
SOB
SOB
144
1232A
121S
114
1232A
1232A
SOF
144
SOF
14S
SOB
22S9
SOB
SOB
22S9
121S
COMPUTING APPLICATIONS
Applications Group
Head: Jerry Borges (JTBorges) ............................... SS68
SOF
144
WORKSTATION GROUP
Group Leader: Richard LaPierre (RLLaPierre) ..... 4692
Software Evaluation and Acquisition ..................... 68S8
SOB
SOB
224S
2231
MFE Consulting Number is 422-1544
CENTRAL ELECTRONIC MAIL FACILITY
First Initial-Middle Initial-Last Name is the standard recipient format
in lab-wide mailing address
Examples:
VMS ........ lbl::JASmith
UNIX ........ JASmith@lbl.gov
Software Tools ........ JASmith@lbl.gov
NETWORK CONTACT INFORMATION
LBLnet New Installations & Trouble Calls
Ted Sopher (TGSopher) .................. .4SS9, S3S4
DECnet Administration
William Jaquith (WDJaquith) ................... 6966
IBM PC & Mac Network Administration
William Jaquith (WDJaquith) .................. .4388
Nancy Travis (N]Travis) .................. ,......... 7690
Distributed Printing/Kinetics FastPath
administration and requests
Bob Rendler (RERendler) .......................... S629
AppleTalk Support ........................................... S354
SOB - 2266
SOF -
146
SOB -2231C
SOB -2231B
SOF - 129
SOF - 2259
LBLnet troubles ............................................................. troub/e@lbl.gov
LBLnet comments or non-critical trouble reports ...... lblnet@/bl.gov
Internet administration ................................................ ip-request@/bl
LBL Postmaster for Lab-wide mail ...................... postmaster@lbl.gov
Network Advisory Group (NAG) .......................... nag@csam.lbl.gov
ICS
ICS Access Names
[VAX 64xx's (Generic) ................. CSA]
VAX 6420 (VMS) ....................................... CSAl
VAX 6420 (VMS) ....................................... CSA2
VAX 6410 (VMS ........................................ CSA3
SUN-3/280
SUN-3/180
SUN-4/390
SUN-3/180
(UNIX 1) .................................. UXl
(UNIX 3) .................................. UX3
(UNIX S) .................................. UX5
(ISO) .......................................... ISO
Dial-up Access Numbers for ICS
Incoming Baud Rate
Connect Baud Rate
Number
3/12/2400 BPS...........3/12/2400 BPS........................... .486-7930
3/12/2400 BPS...........9600 BPS.......................................486-7900
9600 BPS......................9600 BPS.......................................486-7996
Local TYMNET Access Numbers for ICS
1200 BPS
2400 BPS
Oakland ................................................. 430-2900 ............... 633-1896
Walnut Creek/Concord ..................... 93S-0370 ............... 93S-1S07
San Francisco ........................................ 974-1300 ............... S43-0691
Santa Clara .................................... 408-432-3430 ............... 432-8618
Palo Alto ........................................ 41S-366-1 092 ............... 361-8701
San Jose .......................................... 408-432-3430 ............... 432-8618
Fremont ................................................. 490-7366 ............... 490-7366
Davis .............................................. 916-7S8-3SS1
Burlingame .................................... 41S-S88-3043
Vallejo ............................................ 707-644-1192
Antioch .................................................. 754-8222
Pleasanton ............................................ 462-2101
28
'
Vol. 27, No.4 - April1990
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory
Computer Center Library - MS SOP
One Cyclotron Road
Berkeley, CA 94720
•
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LBL COMPUTING NEWSLETTER
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