virtualization manager™ extended enterprise edition getting started

®
VIRTUALIZATION MANAGER™
EXTENDED ENTERPRISE EDITION
GETTING STARTED GUIDE
This manual provides a quick introduction to Virtual Iron® software, and explains how to use Virtual Iron®
Virtualization Manager to configure and manage virtual servers.
Product: Virtual Iron® Virtualization Manager
Version: 4.3
00033108R
Contents
Getting Started with Virtual Iron ............................................................................................. 1
About this Guide .................................................................................................................... 1
Set up the Physical Framework ............................................................................................. 1
Installing Virtual Iron®............................................................................................................ 2
Connecting to the Management Server ............................................................................... 11
Creating and Booting a Virtual Server ................................................................................. 13
Check Hardware Components ............................................................................................. 14
Create Networks .................................................................................................................. 15
Create a Virtual Data Center (VDC)..................................................................................... 17
Assign a Node to the VDC ................................................................................................... 20
Create a Virtual Server ........................................................................................................ 21
Create a Logical Disk........................................................................................................... 22
Create a Virtual Server Wizard ............................................................................................ 26
Configure the Network Adapters .......................................................................................... 30
Specify Virtual Server Boot Options..................................................................................... 31
Configure Virtual Server Processors, Memory, and Priority ................................................ 32
Start the VS Installation ....................................................................................................... 33
Installing VS Tools on Windows® Virtual Servers .............................................................. 35
Special Considerations for Windows 2000 OS .................................................................... 46
Getting Started with Virtual Iron
About this Guide
This quick start guide takes you through the process of creating a virtual server with Virtual Iron® Extended Enterprise Edition
(XEE). For a detailed treatment of the topics discussed here, refer to the Virtual Iron® Virtualization Manager™ Administrator
Guide. This guide contains the following sections:
This chapter describes how to create the physical framework, install the product, and connect to
the Virtual Iron® management server.
Chapter Two takes you through the steps needed to create a virtual server.
Set up the Physical Framework
Virtual Iron® is an enterprise-class virtualization product that allows the resources of one or more nodes to support distinct
operating systems. Before you install the product, you need to cable together a set of supported nodes in the correct
configuration.
This illustration shows a simplified
configuration. It consists of at least
three nodes: a management node
(which hosts the Virtualization
Manager), at least one managed
node, and a separate system running
the management client.
The Virtualization Manager can run on
several versions of Windows® or
Linux. This management node can be
Intel or AMD-based. The managed
nodes do not run a standard operating
system. Instead, they boot and run a
Virtual Iron component that enables its
hardware to support multiple virtual
server operating systems
concurrently.
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Installing Virtual Iron®
After you’ve cabled nodes, you are ready to install the software on the system designated as the management server node.
Virtual Iron® runs on the Linux® and Windows® systems listed in the Virtualization Manager Administrator Guide.
1.
To install Virtual Iron®, proceed as follows.
For Linux:
Execute the bin file:
# sh ./VirtualIronInstall4xx.bin
For Windows®:
Double click this file:
VirtualIronInstall4xx.exe
When the download completes, the introductory screen appears. Click Next to begin the installation.
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2.
At this point, the installation process checks whether standard DHCP port 67 or TFTP port 69 are in use on the installation
host. In this screen, choose whether to install or reconfigure the product. Click the appropriate icon, and click Next.
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3.
If you choose the install option, you are prompted to read and accept the Virtual Iron® license agreement. You must
accept the agreement to continue the installation.
4.
Next, choose a location for the installation. Enter a path for the installation, or choose the default folder. For Linux, this is
/opt/VirtualIron/; for Windows™, C:\Program Files\VirtualIron. Select a location and click Next.
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5.
Enter the location of the Virtual Iron license file. This file is not included in the distribution, but is sent to you by Virtual
Iron®, Inc. The example shown is from a Windows® installation.
6.
Enter an Admin password for the system. The password and confirmation password you choose must match, and must
be 6-32 characters long.
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7.
Choose HTTP or HTTPS as the connection type between the Virtualization Manager client and server.
If you choose HTTP, the window shown below appears. Choose a port or use port 80 (the default).
If you select HTTPS, select a port or use port 443 (the default). You can also select your own keystore. If you choose to do
this, you must provide passwords for the keystore.
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8.
If you chose HTTPS (and the port is available), you will see the following window. The screen shown in this example is
from a Linux installation.
9.
Enter passwords for the keystore and the certificate key. This window appears only if you chose a certificate keystore in
the preceding step.
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10.
The illustration that appears at this point shows a representative configuration of the management network. Note that two
networks are present. The Virtual Iron management network is a private network between the management server and all
managed nodes. These nodes are also connected to a public network. Click Next to continue.
11.
Assign the IP addresses the management server uses to connect to the private management network and the public network.
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12.
At this point, all necessary information has been provided. A pre-installation summary is displayed. To proceed with the
installation, click Install. The example is for a Windows® installation.
13.
A screen appears with the install location. Click Next.
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14.
When the installation is complete, click Done to close the window. (Example: Windows® installation). The Virtualization
Manager starts automatically.
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Connecting to the Management Server
After installing the product, use a web browser to connect to the management server node (that is, the node on which you
installed the product).
1.
For the URL, use the IP address assigned to the management Ethernet interface.
2.
On the Virtual Iron® splash screen, click Virtualization Manager. The login window appears. Enter the password you
chose when installing the product, and click OK.
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3.
Virtualization Manager opens. If the Tutorial appears, click Help, Show Tutorial to deselect the option and close the Tutorial.
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Creating and Booting a Virtual Server
Follow these steps to configure and launch a virtual server.
Set the BIOS and Reboot all Managed Nodes
Set the BIOS of each managed node to PXE or Network. Then reboot the nodes.
The nodes may take a few minutes to boot. When they come up, they will PXE-boot the virtualization software from the
management server. This prepares these nodes for virtualization. They appear in the Hardware view of the client interface.
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Check Hardware Components
When you log in to the product, the Virtualization Manager does an inventory of node components. Before moving
on, take a moment to check the components of all nodes
1.
Click Hardware in the Applications Shortcuts.
2.
Select the managed node and click the Info tab to get detailed information that Virtualization Manager has discovered for
the node. The components of each node are listed in the following categories:
- Management MAC address and IP address
- Number and speed of processors and memory
- Ethernet ports (for connection to external networks)
- iSCSI ports (internal SCSI adapters, for SAN connection. See the Networks tab)
- Fibre Channel ports (for connection to SAN)
- IDE drive (CD-ROM)
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Create Networks
1.
In the Hardware view, select Managed Nodes in the navigation tree, and then select the Networks tab. Click Create
Network and follow the Create Network Wizard windows. Enter a name for the network. In the example shown, we used
vi_public. Click Next.
The networks you create will be available to the virtual servers. (See the Virtualization Manager Administration Guide for
further information.)
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2.
In the Create Network Wizard - Assign Ports window, select which nodes to assign from the pulldown. Click Add, then
Finish.
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Create a Virtual Data Center (VDC)
A Virtual Data Center (VDC) is a group of one or more nodes and the Virtual Servers (VSs) it supports. The physical
resources of a VDC can be shared by multiple VSs.
1.
Click Resource Center in the Applications Shortcuts. Then click the Create New Virtual Data Center icon.
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The new virtual data center appears in the navigation tree. Note that a yellow lock icon briefly shows up beside the New
Virtual Data Center icons. The locks indicate that you are making a change to these objects. While you are performing this
operation, the objects cannot be managed by other users. The locks are automatically released when the operation
completes.
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2.
Right click the virtual data center you just created. Select Rename from the submenu, and type in a new name. Press
Enter to change the name.
Note that you can view the status of each operation at the bottom of the Job Progress pane.
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Assign a Node to the VDC
Assigning a node provides the VDC with a pool of processing, memory and I/O resources that can be shared by
VSs and their applications. You can assign as many nodes to a VDC as exist in the Hardware view.
1.
Select the name of the VDC in the navigation tree, and click the Assign Nodes icon as shown here:
2.
The Assign Nodes window appears, displaying the name and information associated with all nodes that have been discovered by the management server. To move the node to the VDC you have created, select the node and click Add >>.
Then click OK.
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Create a Virtual Server
Virtual Servers (VSs) can be configured to access local disks, raw SAN disks, and logical disks. Virtual Iron supports the
creation of logical disks that can be cloned and exported for use by virtual servers.
Raw storage refers to all SAN storage visible to the node hosting a VS. Managed storage, whether on a local disk or SAN (over
iSCSI or Fibre Channel), refers to disks used to configure and store logical disks. Raw storage has certain advantages, but it
affords less management flexibility than the managed storage framework.
The succeeding example defines how to create a logical disk on a local drive. See the Virtual Iron® Virtualization Manager™
Administrator Guide for details on SAN configurations.
To create and run a VS, you need to create the VS, configure the boot and runtime options, assign a network to it, and define its
storage. This process is covered in these steps:
•
Create a Logical Disk
•
Create a Virtual Server Wizard
•
Configure the Network Adapters
•
Specify Virtual Server Boot Options
•
Configure Virtual Server Processors, Memory, and Priority.
•
Start the VS Installation
•
Installing VS Tools on Windows® Virtual Servers
•
Special Considerations for Windows 2000 OS
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Create a Logical Disk
1.
Click Resource Center, select your node and then select the Virtual Storage tab.
2.
Select Local Disks, and click Create Disk Group...
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3.
In the Select Disk Group Options window, rename the Disk Group, or keep the default name. Click Next>>.
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4.
Assign a disk to the Disk Group. In this example, the node hard disk is available for assignment.
5.
Click Add and Finish.
.
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6.
Select the Disk Group and click Create Logical Disk. In the Create New Logical Disk pop-up window, rename the logical disk if desired. Note that a logical disk can only be assigned to a virtual server.
7.
Choose a size for the logical disk that is just large enough to accommodate the virtual server. You can use the remaining
space for other virtual servers.
8.
Click OK.
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Create a Virtual Server Wizard
1.
To access the Virtual Server Wizard, use one of the following methods:
•
Select the node you added earlier, then click the Create New Virtual Server icon on the application tool
bar.
•
Or, right click the node you added earlier, and select New Virtual Server from the pop-up list.
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2.
Name the virtual server. In this example, the virtual server has been named Options.
.
3.
Select how you want to configure your virtual server from one of the two options. This example shows the default setting,
Create a fully configured Virtual Server.
4.
Click Next.
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5.
Specify the type of storage you want to use. If you choose Create New Disk, as in the example, enter a name for the new
logical disk.
6.
Select a disk size for the logical disk. 10 Gigabytes is the default.
.
7.
Click Next.
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8.
Select the Disk Group in which the newly created logical disk will be placed.
9.
Click Next.
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Configure the Network Adapters
1.
Select an Ethernet network from the pulldown menu.
2.
Select a VNIC from the Network Adapter pulldown menu to choose a specific VNIC from the drop-down list.
3.
Click Next.
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Specify Virtual Server Boot Options
1.
In the Boot Options pane, select Microsoft Windows XP for Operating System. For this example, you will need a
Microsoft Windows XP CD and license key later on.
2.
Select CD-ROM/DVD. This selection tells the VS to boot from the CD ROM device on the node where the VS is located.
Later you will install Windows onto a Logical Disk that you specify
3.
Place the Windows installation CD into the node on which the virtual server will reside.
4.
Click Next.
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Configure Virtual Server Processors, Memory, and Priority.
1.
Accept the default values or specify new values for the processors, memory, and priority. For information on these settings, see the Virtualization Manager Administrators Guide.
2.
Depending on the operating system you specified in the previous step, Tablet, PS2, or USB is set as the default Mouse
Type.
3.
Click Finish and wait for the operation to complete.
.
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Start the VS Installation
1.
Insert the appropriate installation media in the CD-ROM/DVD of your node. Select the virtual server and choose the Start
icon, or right click and select Start from the pop-up menu.
Open Console
Start VS
Icon
Icon
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2.
Open a console by clicking the console icon on the application toolbar. Windows XP boots in the console window. Follow
the instructions to install Windows.
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Installing VS Tools on Windows® Virtual Servers
Virtual Iron® provides a set of VS Tools designed for use with Windows® OS virtual servers. The steps that follow explain how
to install these tools after you have created a VS running Windows® by attaching a virtual CDROM .iso file. This enables you to
change the network boot device while the virtual server is running.
1.
Following a successful installation, open the management server. In the Resource Center view, select the virtual server.
2.
Click Edit.
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3.
In the Edit Virtual Server Configuration window, select the latest VSTools .iso file from the options in the Removable Media pulldown menu.
4.
Click OK.
.
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5.
Click the Console icon in the task bar.
6.
Navigate to your CDROM drive in the virtual server console and double-click the Setup-VSTools4.x.x.x file.
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7.
Answer Yes when prompted to install/update VS Tools. The installation begins.
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8.
Launch the installer you saved to your virtual server’s local system and follow the prompts in the Virtual Server Tools
Setup Wizard.
9.
Click Next.
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10.
Specify where you want to install the drivers. Click Next.
11.
Click Install.
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12.
A status bar appears while files are copied. It may take a few minutes for the Setup Wizard to install Virtual Server Tools.
13.
Both the Found New Hardware Wizard and Completing Virtual Server Tools Setup Wizard windows appear at this
point.
IMPORTANT: Perform the Completing the Found New Hardware Wizard steps BEFORE you shutdown the system as
directed in the VS Tools Setup Wizard.
14.
Click Finish in Found New Hardware Wizard.
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15.
Wait while the accelerated hardware drivers are installed. Click Next.
16.
The installer prompts you to shutdown your virtual server. Click Finish to exit the Setup Wizard.
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17.
You must now enable VS Tools on the Virtualization Manager: After the virtual server stops, In the Resource Center view,
select the virtual server in the navigation tree.
18.
In the Summary pane, click Edit.
19.
In the Configuration Options window, make sure Disk is selected in the Boot Options section of the window. Click VS
Tools Installed. Click OK in the VS Tools popup.
20.
Select None from the list of options in the Removable Media pulldown menu. Click OK in the Edit Virtual Server Configuration window.
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21.
Start the virtual server. During boot, Windows® discovers the Virtual Iron® Ethernet driver. In the Found New Hardware
Wizard, do the following:
•
Select No Not this time when prompted to look for a driver update. Click Next.
•
Check Install Software Automatically. Click Next.
•
Windows begins installing the network driver.
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This completes installation of the Virtual Iron® drivers, which appear under Device Manager.
22.
Restart the virtual server guest operating system.
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Special Considerations for Windows 2000 OS
When a Windows 2000 system is idle, it will appear to be consuming no CPU resources. Task Manager will show that the CPU
is idle. However, Windows 2000 is actually executing instructions in its idle loop. These cycles will not be available for use by
other virtual servers on the same node. In order to get Windows 2000 to act like the other more recent Windows operating
systems and actually relinquish the CPUs when idle, do the following:
1.
Make sure VS Tools are loaded and running in the Windows 2000 virtual server.
2.
Open a browser within the Windows 2000 virtual server, and navigate to the Virtualization Manager’s IP address. You will
see the Virtual Iron Virtualization Manager home page.
3.
Click the VS Tools Installers link.Click the win /link.
4.
Click the Win2000_idler_on.reg link and download that file to the virtual server. Do the same for Win2000_idler_off.reg.
5.
Double click Win2000_idler_on.reg to read the idler information into the Windows Registry.
6.
On the Windows 2000 desktop. Right click the My Computer icon and select Manage.
7.
Navigate to Services and Applications > Services.
8.
Find the Virtual Iron Service and right-click Restart.
A side-effect of the idler is that it will appear that the ViStats.exe process is consuming all idle cycles in the virtual server. In
fact, it only appears this way; it is actually releasing control to the underlying virtualization services so that idle cycles can be
used by other virtual servers.
Turn the idler off by double-clicking the Win2000_idler_off.reg file and then restarting the Virtual Iron Service. Virtual Iron
recommends that the idler is turned on.
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