Robotic Cleaner Troubleshooting Guide

Robotic Cleaner Troubleshooting Guide
Copyright 2010 Hayward Industries Inc.
Table of Contents
TigerShark & TigerShark QC
Important safety instructions
Page 1
Service Tools
Page 2
Filter Removal/Cleaning and Drain Flaps
Pages 4-6
Handle Removal
Page 7
Venturi Removal
Page 8
Bottom Lid Disassembly
Pages 9-10
Side Cover Removal
Pages 11-12
Drive Track and Idlers
Pages 13-16
Power Cord and Motor Box
Pages 17-27
Wheel Tube Brush and Bearings
Pages 28-30
Using the Scanner Tool
Pages 31-34
Power Supply and Flotation Cord Testing
Page 35
Basic Operation
Pages 36-37
Troubleshooting
Pages 38-43
Table of Contents Continued
SharkVAC & E-Vac
Service Tools
Page
44
Power Supply
Page
45
Filter Removal
Pages 46-47
Filter Replacement
Page
48
Wheel and Tire Removal
Page
49
Side Cover Removal
Page
50
Drive Track and Idlers
Page
51
Main Drive Pulley Removal
Page
52
Wheel Tube Removal
Page
53
Wheel Tube Brush
Page
54
Power Cord Removal
Pages 55-60
Motor Box Removal
Pages 61-62
Power Supply and Flotation Cord Testing
Page
Troubleshooting
Pages 64-68
63
Safety
!
Page 1
Service Tools
Pin Removal Tool
Torx Bit
Torque Driver
Spanner Tool
Torx Driver
Scanner
Page 2
Power Supply
On/Off Switch - Lighted
Quick Clean LED
(QC Models Only)
Power Cord
Full Cycle Button
and LED
(QC Models Only)
Flotation Power Cord Connector
Page 3
Disassembly – Filter Removal
Remove bottom lid by sliding
LH and RH latch towards center.
Bottom lid removed providing
access to filter cartridge assembly
Page 4
Filter Removal
Note the drain flaps, one per side. Not
required to remove for filter cleaning, but
visually inspect when filter is removed.
Filter cartridge removed
Page 5
Filter Removal
Note: Elements must be installed with support ribs facing outward
Filter cartridge assembly
Note: Elements can be cleaned
by gently spraying with a
garden hose.
Be careful not to use high
pressure or this may damage
the element.
Filter elements removed
Spring cleanup filter
elements. For temporary use
in heavy spring cleaning.
Page 6
Handle Removal
Handle removal
1 screw each end
Handle removed
Note: Handle is watertight.
If water is heard sloshing around
in handle it must be replaced.
Page 7
Venturi Removal
Rotate CCW & lift out
Removed, access to impeller
Page 8
Bottom Lid Disassembly
Bottom lid assembly. Pull up
to remove inlet cover.
Inlet cover removed
Page 9
Bottom Lid Disassembly
Inlet flaps, check for
free movement.
Inlet flaps removed
for inspection.
Page 10
Side Cover Removal
Motor output shaft.
Drive end.
Motor assembly
Power cord
Power cord end
Note: Use Torx bit and power driver for removal.
Bottom view with bottom lid
and filter assembly removed.
7 screws each end to remove
for side plate removal, drive side.
Power cord end, 7 screws.
Page 11
Side Cover Removal
Screw removal
Note that ‘drive side’ or motor output
side is side opposite
of where power cord enters unit.
Side cover removed
Page 12
Drive Track & Idler Pulley Removal
Drive Side
Drive track removed
Check for missing/broken drive
cogs on inner loop of belt and also
for cracks in belt.
Track idler pulley (2/side)
Bearings should rotate smoothly
and freely.
Note that flange faces inward.
Page 13
Main Drive Pulley Removal
Note drive ‘key’ in pulley and
how it mates to the output
shaft drive pin of the motor.
Main drive pulley, motor
output side only
Page 14
Wheel Tube Removal
Carefully pull wheel tube
away from other side plate.
Roller will slide off track.
Both drive tubes removed.
Page 15
Drive Track & Idler Pulley Removal
Non-drive Side
Track idler pulleys, (3). Note
this side does not have a keyed drive pulley
at the center pulley since it is opposite the
motor drive end. This pulley is simply
an idler pulley similar to the ones to the left
and right.
Screw removal, opposite side cover,
non-drive side.
Side cover removed
Page 16
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
Remove strain relief
cover plate.
Plate removed showing
strain relief system.
Page 17
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
Use spanner wrench and
Torque driver to remove
threaded plug securing
power cord into motor assembly.
CCW removal.
Threaded plug removed
Page 18
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
Gently pull on cord to
disconnect and remove from motor.
Note that plug has taper on bottom side
to mate with rubber seal taper.
Note: Any time seal is removed
it is recommended to replace
special rubber seal.
Page 19
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
Carefully insert pin removal tool
into power cord connector. Push
wires up into connector as far
as possible.
While holding connector firmly, depress
button on pin removal tool to remove
electrical connector pin from housing.
Page 20
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
Power cord electrical pins
removed from connector. Note that white
wire goes on tab side of connector.
Connector, seals and
washers removed.
Page 21
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
Connector must be installed with tab on
connector placed in mating hole of motor
assembly. The white wire must be inserted
on the tab side of the connector.
Note the order of the seals and washers.
Remember to mate the taper of the seal
and threaded plug.
Use the Torque driver and spanner wrench to install
and tighten the threaded plug. Tighten the threaded
plug until you feel the Torque wrench click or slip.
Page 22
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
Gently route power
cord out from unit.
Power cord removed.
Page 23
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
Location of motor screws when side cover is not
removed. It is possible to remove motor assembly
without removal of side cover. However, the 7 side
cover screws must be loosened on the motor
drive side.
Remove 4 motor assembly
screws 2 from each end.
Page 24
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
When removing motor assembly without complete removal of side cover,
gently separate motor output shaft from keyed drive gear using a screwdriver.
The drive gear will remain in place. Be sure to remove all 4 motor securing screws,
2 each side and loosen side cover screws before attempting this.
Page 25
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
Rotate motor slightly to remove drive output shaft
from side of unit, then lift out motor assembly.
Page 26
Power Cord & Motor Box Removal
Output shaft key on motor, mates with drive gear.
Motor assembly removed.
Note: The motor assembly is a sealed unit and
cannot be serviced, only replaced. It does not
contain oil and is water cooled. The impeller
can be replaced.
Impeller removal
Page 27
Wheel Tube Bearings
Remove wheel tube from machine
Remove 2 small
phillips screws
securing roller
bearing to tube
Bearings should rotate smoothly
and freely.
Bearing assembly will slip off tube
Page 28
Wheel Tube Brush
Brush replacement can be done leaving the machine
assembled or broken down. Unsnap the tabs, these
run length wise of the brush.
Page 29
Wheel Tube Brush
Start in the center of the brush and put the post through
the hole in the tab with the aid of a pair of needle nose
pliers. Pull post slightly till taught then push down on tab
until it locks into post. Spraying the post with soap and
water sparingly will aid in assembly.
Foam roller
Page 30
Using The Scanner Tool
Power switch on
Scanner female end
Initializing………….
Please wait
Startup Screen
Scanner Setup
Scanner male end
Power cord to cleaner
Page 31
Using The Scanner Tool
Motor ON Time
4
Hours
Number of hours the unit has spent
in the 4 hour cleaning cycle mode.
Total Cycles Run
28
Cycles
Power ON Time
12
Hours
The combined total number of hours the
unit has spent with the power switch on.
Includes both hours accumulated in ‘Motor
On Time’ and hours inactive after the cleaning
cycle has been completed.
The total number of times the power switch
was turned on to run the unit. This will not
necessarily represent the complete cleaning
cycles run.
Page 32
Using The Scanner Tool
Out of Water
0
Times
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Out of Water Causes
Attempting to run the unit out of the water/pool.
Air trapped in the filter after placing the unit in the water.
Bench testing in manufacture or repair.
Machine climbing too high above the waterline.
Low voltage at power source.
Low voltage from use of an extension cord.
Worn or defective pump motor, drawing less than 1
amp at 24 volts.
The number of times the unit has realized
a low load on the pump motor.
Pump Overcurrent
0
Times
Pump Over Current Causes
1. Debris around the pump impeller. Remove impeller and
inspect for hair or grass around pump shaft.
2. Defective pump motor. Motor should turn smoothly by
hand with only a slight resistance from the shaft seals.
Number of times the pump motor has realized
an over load condition. Unit will stop after 3-5
seconds in this condition.
Page 33
Using The Scanner Tool
Drive Overcurrent
0
Times
Drive Over Current Causes
1. Unit caught under a ladder
2. Debris caught in traction drive
belt and or pulleys under side cover.
3. Riding or standing on unit during operation.
4. Defective wheel tube bearings or side cover idler bearings
5. Defective drive motor.
Number of times the drive motor has realized
an over load condition. Unit will stop after 3-5
seconds in this condition.
Water Detected
0
Times
Number of times the water has
contacted the sensor inside the
motor box. Continuous
contact will stop operation of the
unit. Severe water damage will
cause a ‘Communication Failure’
when hooked to the scanner.
Page 34
Testing Power Supply & Flotation Cord
Check
Power and
Communication
Connections
Failure
Communication Failure Causes
1. Damaged power supply, check for 21-25 volts DC
2. Water inside power connection to motor box, check
seal at motor box and for breaks in flotation hose
3. Damaged flotation cord, check for ohms reading of .4 to .8 ohms
Flotation cord test. Remove cord from
motor box and check ohm’s reading
between each pin and wire end. .4 to
.8 ohm’s is acceptable.
Circuit failure between power supply and
and the PCB (printed circuit board)
in the motor assembly box.
DC voltage test on power
supply
21 to 25 volts dc is acceptable.
The power
supply is not repairable and
must be replaced
if defective.
Insert voltage probes in pin terminal 1 and 2 and
turn on power supply to test.
Page 35
Troubleshooting
¾Startup
• Machine will sequence between pump and drive motor for up to 1 minute.
• During this time the microprocessor is sampling motors for proper electrical load.
¾Mapping Sequence
• At about 2 minutes the machine will begin mapping the immediate section of the pool.
• Wall climbing will be every other floor pass and the time on the wall climb will
be random.
• The pattern is not permanently imbedded and will be reconfigured with each
use of the cleaner.
¾Wall Climbing
• Once in the cleaning cycle the machine will typically perform a wall climb every
other floor pass and vary the amount of time on the wall.
• At random the machine will perform a free fall from the wall to aid in random
navigation.
• The startup of each 4 hour cycle may require up to 30 minutes as the machine
measures the pool configuration before climbing the walls completely to the water line.
Page 36
Troubleshooting
¾In Process Mapping
• As the unit encounters large changes in pool configuration it will revert to the
mapping process for a few passes to adjust itself to the change in shape.
• Mapping will take several passes and is undetectable from normal operation.
¾Navigation
• The unit navigates itself primarily by running in a diagonal direction at the water line.
• This is the key to complete pool coverage.
¾Shutdown
• The machine will shut down after 4 hours for the standard TigerShark.
• TigerShark QC will shutdown after 90 minutes if the Quick Clean LED is
illuminated, or after 4 hours if “Full Cycle” is selected.
• The power supply will continue to supply low voltage to the unit and the diagnostic
memory will continue to record hours until the power switch is turned off.
Page 37
Troubleshooting
¾Will not climb walls
Filter Too Dirty to Allow Proper Machine Performance
• Pool condition is unacceptable for cleaner use. Sweep walls, vacuum pool, balance
chemicals and algaecide to an acceptable swimming condition. Resume use of
TigerShark for pool maintenance as often as required.
• Increase frequency of TigerShark filter cleaning, especially during the initial use.
Filter may have to be cleaned 30 minutes to 3 hours in the first few cycles until the
pool is in an acceptable condition.
• Algae on pool walls. Brush walls and chemically treat for algae. Increase frequency
of TigerShark use and filter maintenance.
• D.E. or sand filter leak. The primary pool filter may leak diatomaceous earth or fine
sand that can overload the filter. Service and inspect the pool filter system, vacuum
the pool and resume use of the TigerShark for pool maintenance.
Page 38
Troubleshooting
¾Will not climb walls
Pool design or configuration
• The pool bottom corner design may be too sharp. Some pool designs feature a
sharp, 90 degree bottom corner. A guideline for the best machine performance is a
corner radius similar in contour to a basketball. In a clean pool the machine symptom
will be movement to the wall with repeated bumping and infrequent climbing, The
PVC rollers can be replaced with foam rollers only if a dirty pool condition is
ruled out.
• Clean vinyl or tile pool surface is too slick. Replace the PVC rollers with foam rollers
only if a dirty pool condition is ruled out.
Machine problem
• Broken impeller. Inspect and replace it if required. Inspect for tears that may allow
objects to pass through and entangle or damage the impeller.
• Defective pump motor can be identified by a slow or non-rotating impeller. Replace
the motor box assembly.
Page 39
Troubleshooting
¾Will not climb walls
Confusion on normal operation
• The startup of each 4 hour cycle may require up to 30 minutes as the machine
measures the pool configuration before climbing the walls completely to the water
line.
• During the 4 hour cycle the machine will randomly re-measure the pool configuration
or release itself from the wall. The machine will not climb the walls during this 15-30
minute cycle.
¾Climbs Too High, Falls off Wall at Waterline, Blows Air
Bubbles Through the Exit Venturi
• Above average traction in a clean pool. Install the Restrictor Plate Kit RCX11206 in
the venturi.
• Inspect bottom lid filter plate gasket and replace if torn or missing.
• Set handle position at an angle, machine should never operate with the handle in the
center or straight position.
• Check water chemical balance.
Page 40
Troubleshooting
¾Runs only a few seconds or minutes
• Make sure the machine is submerged in the water. An out of water detection within a
few minutes will cause the machine to stop if not completely submerged.
• Check electrical source for proper voltage.
• If using an extension cord, test for proper voltage. An extension cord is not
recommended.
• Check for missing or broken impeller blades.
• Check for pump impeller obstruction.
• Check pump impeller for hard rotation and pump motor binding.
¾Cord twisting
• Alternate handle position with each use.
• Be sure machine is not getting caught on obstructions in the pool such as raised
drains, in floor cleaning heads, toys, etc.
Page 41
Troubleshooting
¾No movement but impeller turns
• Drive motor pin or drive motor is broken possible due to overload during use. To
avoid repeat failure, follow-up with the customer for obstructions in the pool such as
a ladder. The Scanner will display a Drive Over Current signal if the machine has
been caught on an obstruction.
• Check for belt or roller obstruction
• Check for broken impeller
• Check for missing roller tube bearing screws, 2 per side.
¾No movement and no pump discharge
• Check with the scanner for communication failure, see scanner section to diagnose.
• Check for impeller obstruction.
• Check for broken blades.
• Check electrical source for proper voltage range of 115-125v, including extension
cord if used.
Page 42
Troubleshooting
¾Debris falls from unit when removed from pool
• Filter overload, increase frequency of filter cleaning.
• Large debris blocking intake. Remove large debris from pool before using machine.
• Drain flaps out of place on bottom lid. Snap flaps back into place. Avoid dropping or
throwing machine into the pool.
Page 43
Service Tools
Power Driver (not supplied)
Pin Removal
Tool
Torx Drivers
T-10 & T-25
(not supplied)
Torx Bit
T-20
(not supplied)
Spanner Tool
Belt Installation Tool
Torque Driver
Page 44
Power Supply
On/Off Switch - Lighted
Installation
and Care
Instructions
Power Cord
Flotation Power Cord Connector
Page 45
Filter Removal
Press Dome Button
to lift Dome for filter removal.
Lift to remove Filter Bucket
Housing
Filter cartridge removed
Filter Bucket Housing
Page 46
Filter Removal
Open filter doors by pushing the tabs
toward the outside and then pulling up.
Note: Elements can be cleaned by gently spraying
with a garden hose. Be careful not to use high
pressure or this may damage the element.
Lift filter cartridges out.
Spring cleanup filter
elements. For temporary use
in heavy spring cleaning.
Page 47
Filter Replacement
Hold both cartridges toward center. Push down cover and
press tab towards fan to lock cartridges in place.
Make sure cover snaps in place.
Page 48
Wheel and Tire Removal
Remove wheel cap to access screw
holding wheel on axel.
Unscrew T25 screw
Remove wheel from axel. Notice how wheel and axel mate.
Page 49
Side Cover Removal
Power cord
Motor assembly
Impeller Motor output shaft.
Drive end.
4 T20 screws each side to remove
for side plate removal.
Top view with bottom lid
and filter assembly removed.
Drive side view with cover removed.
Page 50
Drive Track & Idler Pulley Removal
Drive Side
Track idler pulleys
Check for missing/broken drive
cogs on inner loop of belt and also
for cracks in belt.
Bearings should rotate smoothly
and freely.
Note that flange faces inward.
Page 51
Main Drive Pulley Removal
Note drive ‘key’ in pulley and
how it mates to the output
shaft drive pin of the motor.
Main drive pulley, motor
output side only
Page 52
Wheel Tube Removal
Rear Tube
Unscrew T20 screws from each side of roller.
Front Tube
Carefully pull wheel tube away from
wheel axels.
Page 53
Wheel Tube Brush
Removal
Brush replacement can be done
leaving the machine assembled or
broken down. Unsnap the tabs that run
length wise of the brush.
Replacement
Start in the center of the brush and put
the post through the hole in the tab
with the aid of a pair of needle nose
pliers. Pull post slightly till taught then
push down on tab until it locks into
post. Spraying the post with soap and
water sparingly will aid in assembly.
Page 54
Power Cord Removal
Remove strain relief cover plate.
Use spanner wrench and Torque
driver to remove threaded plug.
Plate removed showing strain relief system.
Threaded plug removed
Page 55
Power Cord Removal
Gently pull on cord to
disconnect and remove from motor.
Note that plug has taper on bottom side
to mate with rubber seal taper.
Note: Any time seal is removed
it is recommended to replace
special rubber seal.
Page 56
Power Cord Removal
Push wires up into connector as far
as possible. Carefully insert pin removal tool
into power cord connector.
While holding connector firmly, depress
button on pin removal tool to remove
electrical connector pin from housing.
Page 57
Power Cord Removal
Power cord electrical pins
removed from connector. Note that white
wire goes on tab side of connector.
Connector, seals and washers removed.
Page 58
Power Cord Removal
Note the order of the seals and
washers. Remember to mate the
taper of the seal and threaded plug.
Connector must be installed with tab on
connector placed in mating hole of motor
assembly. The white wire must be
inserted on the tab side of the connector.
Use the Torque driver and spanner wrench to install
and tighten the threaded plug. Tighten the threaded
plug until you feel the Torque wrench click or slip.
Page 59
Power Cord Removal
Gently route power
cord out from unit.
Power cord removed.
Page 60
Motor Box Removal
Remove 4 T20 screws securing motor to base.
When removing motor assembly without complete
removal of side cover,
gently separate motor output shaft from keyed
drive gear using a screwdriver.
The drive gear will remain in place. Be sure to
remove all 4 motor securing screws.
Page 61
Motor Box Removal
Rotate motor slightly to remove drive output shaft
from side of unit, then lift out motor assembly.
Note: The motor assembly is a sealed unit and
cannot be serviced, only replaced. It does not
contain oil and is water cooled. The impeller
can be replaced.
Output shaft key on motor, mates
with drive gear.
Impeller removal
Page 62
Testing Power Supply & Flotation Cord
Communication Failure Causes
1. Damaged power supply, check for 21-25 volts DC
2. Water inside power connection to motor box,
check seal at motor box and for breaks in
flotation hose
3. Damaged flotation cord, check for ohms reading
of .4 to .8 ohms
Flotation cord test. Remove cord from
motor box and check ohm’s reading
between each pin and wire end. .4 to
.8 ohm’s is acceptable.
Insert voltage probes in pin terminal 1 and 2 and
turn on power supply to test.
DC voltage test on power supply
21 to 25 volts dc is acceptable. The power
supply is not repairable and must be replaced
if defective.
Page 63
Troubleshooting
¾Startup
• Machine will sequence between pump and drive motor for up to 1 minute.
• During this time the microprocessor is sampling motors for proper electrical load.
¾Mapping Sequence
• At about 2 minutes the machine will begin mapping the immediate section of the pool.
• The pattern is not permanently imbedded and will be reconfigured with each
use of the cleaner.
¾In Process Mapping
• As the unit encounters large changes in pool configuration it will revert to the
mapping process for a few passes to adjust itself to the change in shape.
• Mapping will take several passes and is undetectable from normal operation.
Page 64
Troubleshooting
¾Navigation
• The unit navigates itself primarily by running in a diagonal direction at the water line.
• This is the key to complete pool coverage.
¾Shutdown
• The machine will shut down after 2 hours.
• The power supply will continue to supply low voltage to the unit and the diagnostic
memory will continue to record hours until the power switch is turned off.
¾Cleaner flips upside down and continues to run
• The machine should correct itself and flip upright.
• Check for water in handle. Replace if necessary.
• Replace motor.
Page 65
Troubleshooting
¾Runs only a few seconds or minutes
• Make sure the machine is submerged in the water. An out of water detection within a
few minutes will cause the machine to stop if not completely submerged.
• Check electrical source for proper voltage.
• If using an extension cord, test for proper voltage. An extension cord is not
recommended.
• Check for missing or broken impeller blades.
• Check for pump impeller obstruction.
• Check pump impeller for hard rotation and pump motor binding.
¾Cord twisting
• Be sure machine is not getting caught on obstructions in the pool such as raised
drains, in floor cleaning heads, toys, etc.
Page 66
Troubleshooting
¾No movement but impeller turns
• Drive motor pin or drive motor is broken possible due to overload during use. To
avoid repeat failure, follow-up with the customer for obstructions in the pool such as
a ladder.
• Check for belt or roller obstruction
• Check for broken impeller
• Check for missing roller tube bearing screws, 2 per side.
¾No movement and no pump discharge
• Check for impeller obstruction.
• Check for broken blades.
• Check electrical source for proper voltage range of 115-125v, including extension
cord if used.
Page 67
Troubleshooting
¾Debris falls from unit when removed from pool
• Filter overload, increase frequency of filter cleaning.
• Large debris blocking intake. Remove large debris from pool before using machine.
• Drain flaps out of place on bottom lid. Snap flaps back into place. Avoid dropping or
throwing machine into the pool.
Page 68
Download PDF
Similar pages