Service Manual
PIA9064A, PIA9065B, PIA9066A, PIA9067B,
PIA12064A, PIA12065B, PIA12066A, PIA12067B,
PIA12069A, PIA12070B,PIA18064A,PIA18065B,
PIA22064A, PIA22065B
CONTENTS
1. Precaution .................................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Safety Precaution .......................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Warning ......................................................................................................................................... 1
2. Function ........................................................................................................................................................ 6
3. Dimension .................................................................................................................................................... 8
3.1 Indoor Units ................................................................................................................................... 8
3.2 Outdoor Units .............................................................................................................................. 10
4. Refrigerant Cycle Diagram ....................................................................................................................... 12
5. Wiring Diagram .......................................................................................................................................... 14
5.1 Indoor Units ................................................................................................................................. 14
5.2 Outdoor Units .............................................................................................................................. 17
6. Installation details ..................................................................................................................................... 20
6.1 Wrench torque sheet for installation ........................................................................................... 20
6.2 Connecting the cables ................................................................................................................ 20
6.3 Pipe length and the elevation ..................................................................................................... 21
6.4 Installation for the first time ......................................................................................................... 22
6.5 Adding the refrigerant after running the system for many years ................................................ 25
6.6 Re-installation while the indoor unit need to be repaired ........................................................... 26
6.7 Re-installation while the outdoor unit need to be repaired ......................................................... 28
7. Operation characteristics ......................................................................................................................... 31
8. Electronic function .................................................................................................................................... 32
8.1 Abbreviation ................................................................................................................................ 32
8.2 Display function ........................................................................................................................... 32
8.3 Main Protection ........................................................................................................................... 33
8.4 Operation Modes and Functions................................................................................................. 34
9. Troubleshooting ......................................................................................................................................... 48
9.1 Indoor Unit Error Display............................................................................................................. 48
9.2 Diagnosis and Solution ............................................................................................................... 49
1. Precaution
1.1 Safety Precaution

To prevent injury to the user or other people and property damage, the following
instructions must be followed.

Incorrect operation due to ignoring instruction will cause harm or damage.

Before service unit, be sure to read this service manual at first.
1.2 Warning
 Installation

Do not use a defective or underrated circuit breaker. Use this appliance on a dedicated
circuit.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.

For electrical work, contact the dealer, seller, a qualified electrician, or an Authorized
service center.
Do not disassemble or repair the product, there is risk of fire or electric shock.

Always ground the product.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.

Install the panel and the cover of control box securely.
There is risk of fire of electric shock.

Always install a dedicated circuit and breaker.
Improper wiring or installation may cause fore or electric shock.

Use the correctly rated breaker of fuse.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.

Do not modify or extend the power cable.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.

Do not install, remove, or reinstall the unit by yourself(customer).
There is risk of fire, electric shock, explosion, or injury.

Be caution when unpacking and installing the product.
Sharp edges could cause injury, be especially careful of the case edges and the fins on the
1
condenser and evaporator.

For installation, always contact the dealer or an Authorized service center.
There is risk of fire, electric shock, explosion, or injury.

Do not install the product on a defective installation stand.
It may cause injury, accident, or damage to the product.

Be sure the installation area does not deteriorate with age.
If the base collapses, the air conditioner could fall with it, causing property damage, product failure,
and personal injury.

Do not let the air conditioner run for a long time when the humidity is very high and a
door or a window is left open.
Moisture may condense and wet or damage furniture.

Take care to ensure that power cable could not be pulled out or damaged during
operation.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.

Do not place anything on the power cable.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.

Do not plug or unplug the power supply plug during operation.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.

Do not touch (operation) the product with wet hands.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.

Do not place a heater or other appliance near the power cable.
There is risk of fire and electric shock.

Do not allow water to run into electric parts.
It may cause fire, failure of the product, or electric shock.

Do not store or use flammable gas or combustible near the product.
There is risk of fire or failure of product.

Do not use the product in a tightly closed space for a long time.
Oxygen deficiency could occur.

When flammable gas leaks, turn off the gas and open a window for ventilation before
turn the product on.
Do not use the telephone or turn switches on or off.
2
There is risk of explosion or fire.

If strange sounds, or small or smoke comes from product. Turn the breaker off or
disconnect the power supply cable.
There is risk of electric shock or fire.

Stop operation and close the window in storm or hurricane. If possible, remove the
product from the window before the hurricane arrives.
There is risk of property damage, failure of product, or electric shock.

Do not open the inlet grill of the product during operation. (Do not touch the electrostatic
filter, if the unit is so equipped.)
There is risk of physical injury, electric shock, or product failure.

When the product is soaked (flooded or submerged), contact an Authorized service
center.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.

Be caution that water could not enter the product.
There is risk of fire, electric shock, or product damage.

Ventilate the product from time to time when operating it together with a stove, etc.
There is risk of fire or electric shock.

Turn the main power off when cleaning or maintaining the product.
There is risk of electric shock.

When the product is not be used for a long time, disconnect the power supply plug or
turn off the breaker.
There is risk of product damage or failure, or unintended operation.

Take care to ensure that nobody could step on or fall onto the outdoor unit.
This could result in personal injury and product damage.
 CAUTION

Always check for gas (refrigerant) leakage after installation or repair of product.
Low refrigerant levels may cause failure of product.

Install the drain hose to ensure that water is drained away properly.
A bad connection may cause water leakage.

Keep level even when installing the product.
3
It can avoid vibration of water leakage.

Do not install the product where the noise or hot air from the outdoor unit could damage
the neighborhoods.
It may cause a problem for your neighbors.

Use two or more people to lift and transport the product.
Avoid personal injury.

Do not install the product where it will be exposed to sea wind (salt spray) directly.
It may cause corrosion on the product. Corrosion, particularly on the condenser and evaporator fins,
could cause product malfunction or inefficient operation.
 Operational

Do not expose the skin directly to cool air for long periods of time. (Do not sit in the
draft).
This could harm to your health.

Do not use the product for special purposes, such as preserving foods, works of art, etc.
It is a consumer air conditioner, not a precision refrigerant system.
There is risk of damage or loss of property.

Do not block the inlet or outlet of air flow.
It may cause product failure.

Use a soft cloth to clean. Do not use harsh detergents, solvents, etc.
There is risk of fire, electric shock, or damage to the plastic parts of the product.

Do not touch the metal parts of the product when removing the air filter. They are very
sharp.
There is risk of personal injury.

Do not step on or put anything on the product. (outdoor units)
There is risk of personal injury and failure of product.

Always insert the filter securely. Clean the filter every two weeks or more often if
necessary.
A dirty filter reduces the efficiency of the air conditioner and could cause product malfunction or
damage.

Do not insert hands or other object through air inlet or outlet while the product is
4
operated.
There are sharp and moving parts that could cause personal injury.

Do not drink the water drained from the product.
It is not sanitary could cause serious health issues.

Use a firm stool or ladder when cleaning or maintaining the product.
Be careful and avoid personal injury.

Replace the all batteries in the remote control with new ones of the same type. Do not
mix old and mew batteries or different types of batteries.
There is risk of fire or explosion.

Do not recharge or disassemble the batteries. Do not dispose of batteries in a fire.
They may burn of explode.

If the liquid from the batteries gets onto your skin or clothes, wash it well with clean
water. Do not use the remote of the batteries have leaked.
The chemical in batteries could cause burns or other health hazards
The designs, and information in this book are subject to change without notice for product improvement.
5
2. Function
Model Names of Indoor/Outdoor Units
Series
Capacity
Indoor units
Outdoor units
PIA9064A
PIA9065B
PIA9066A
PIA9067B
PIA12064A
PIA12065B
PIA12066A
PIA12067B
PIA12069A
PIA12070B
PIA18064A
PIA18065B
PIA22064A
PIA22065B
9k
Inverter
12k
18k
22k
6
Filter
Cold catalyst filter
Ionizer(O)
Louver Position Memory Function
Silver Ico Filter(O)
Refrigerant Leakage Detect
Vitamin C Filter(O)
Self-diag. Function
3M HAM Filter(O)
Hydrophilic Aluminum Fin
Bio Filter(O)
Anti-rust Cabinet
Golden Fin(O)
Valve Protection Cover
Self Clean(O)
PTC Heating Belt(O)
Follow Me(O)
Compressor Crankcase Heater(O)
O: optional function
7
3. Dimension
3.1 Indoor Units
W
D
H
Model
W
D
H
680
178
255
770
188
255
905
198
275
1030
218
315
PIA9066A
PIA9064A
PIA12064A
PIA12066A
PIA12069A
PIA18064A
PIA22064A
8
L
R
H
Model
PIA9066A
R(mm)
L(mm)
H(mm)
92
170
45
95
170
45
80
100
45
Dimension of installation hole(mm)
PIA9064A
PIA12064A
PIA12066A
¢65
PIA12069A
PIA18064A
R
L
H
Model
PIA22064A
R(mm)
L(mm)
H(mm)
Dimension of installation hole(mm)
163
293
45
¢65
9
3.2 Outdoor Units
More than 30cm
More than 60cm
(Service space)
More than 30cm
Fe
n
ob c e o
sta
r
cle
s
More than 60cm
More than 70cm
Model
W
H
D
W1
A
B
700
240
540
757
458
250
660
265
540
732
458
276
660
265
540
732
458
276
PIA9065B
700
240
540
757
458
250
PIA12067B
660
265
540
732
458
276
PIA12070B
660
265
540
732
458
276
PIA12065B
780
250
540
843
549
276
780
250
540
843
549
276
760
285
590
823
530
290
PIA9067B
PIA18065B
10
PIA22065B
760
285
590
823
530
290
845
320
700
908
560
335
845
320
700
908
560
335
11
4. Refrigerant Cycle Diagram
For cooling only models:
INDOOR
OUTDOOR
LIQUID SIDE
CAPILIARY TUBE
HEAT
EXCHANGE
(EVAPORATOR)
HEAT
EXCHANGE
(CONDENSER)
GAS SIDE
COMPRESSOR
12
For heat pump models:
INDOOR
OUTDOOR
CHECK VALVE
(Heating Model only)
LIQUID SIDE
2-WAY VALVE
CAPILIARY TUBE
HEAT
EXCHANGE
(EVAPORATOR)
HEAT
EXCHANGE
(CONDENSER)
GAS SIDE
REVERSING VALVE
(Heating Model only)
3-WAY VALVE
ACCUMULATOR
COOLING
COMPRESSOR
13
HEATING
5. Wiring Diagram
5.1 Indoor Units
PIA9064A, , PIA12064A,
14
PIA9066A, ,PIA12066A,PIA12069A
PIA18064A,
15
PIA22064A,
16
5.2 Outdoor Units
PIA9065B, PIA12065B,
PIA9067B,,PIA12067B,PIA12070B
17
PIA18065B,
18
PIA22065B,
19
6. Installation details
6.1 Wrench torque sheet for installation
Additional
Outside diameter
Torque
tightening torque
mm
inch
Ф6.35
1/4
Ф9.52
3/8
Ф12.7
1/2
N.cm
N.cm
1500
1600
(153kgf.cm)
(163kgf.cm)
2500
2600
(255kgf.cm)
(265kgf.cm)
3500
3600
(357kgf.cm)
(367kgf.cm)
6.2 Connecting the cables
The power cord of connect should be selected according to the following specifications sheet.
Rated current of appliance
Nominal cross-sectional area (mm²)
>3 and ≤6
0.75
>6 and ≤10
1.0
>10 and ≤16
1.5
>16 and ≤25
2.5
The cable size and the current of the fuse or switch are determined by the maximum current indicated
on the nameplate which located on the side panel of the unit. Please refer to the nameplate before
selecting the cable, fuse and switch.
20
6.3 Pipe length and the elevation
The pipe length and refrigerant amount:
Pipe size
Model
Standard
length
(m)
Max.
Elevation
B (m)
Max.
Length
A (m)
Additional
refrigerant
(g/m)
Gas
Liquid
+
3/8’’
(Ф9.52)
1/4’’
(Ф6.35)
5
8
20
20
PIA9064A+PIA9065B
3/8’’
(Ф9.52)
1/4’’
(Ф6.35)
5
8
20
20
PIA9066A+PIA9067B
3/8’’
(Ф9.52)
1/4’’
(Ф6.35)
5
8
20
20
+
3/8’’
(Ф9.52)
1/4’’
(Ф6.35)
5
8
20
20
PIA12066A+PIA12067B
1/2’’
(Ф12.7)
1/4’’
(Ф6.35)
5
8
20
20
PIA12069A+PIA12070B
1/2’’
(Ф12.7)
1/4’’
(Ф6.35)
5
8
20
20
3/8’’
(Ф9.52)
1/4’’
(Ф6.35)
8
20
PIA12064A+PIA12065B
+
5
PIA18064A+PIA18065B
+
PIA22064A+PIA22065B
+
1/2’’
(Ф12.7)
1/4’’
(Ф6.35)
5/8’’
(Ф15.9)
3/8’’
(Ф9.52)
5
20
10
25
10
25
40
Caution:
The capacity test is based on standard length and maximum allowance length is based on the system
reliability.
The oil trap should be installed per 5-7 meters.
21
6.4 Installation for the first time
Air and moisture in the refrigerant system have undesirable effects as below:
●
●
●
●
●
Pressure in the system rises.
Operating current rises.
Cooling or heating efficiency drops.
Moisture in the refrigerant circuit may freeze and block capillary tubing.
Water may lead to corrosion of parts in the refrigerant system.
Therefore, the indoor units and the pipes between indoor and outdoor units must be leak tested
and evacuated to remove gas and moisture from the system.
Gas leak check (Soap water method):
Apply soap water or a liquid neutral detergent on the indoor unit connections or outdoor unit
connections by a soft brush to check for leakage of the connecting points of the piping. If bubbles
come out, the pipes have leakage.
1. Air purging with vacuum pump
(Indoor unit)
(Outdoor unit)
(Liquid side)
Two-way valve
Close
(Gas side)
Three-way valve
Manifold valve
Compound meter
Pressure
gauge
-0.1Mpa
Lo
Handle Lo
Charge hose
Close
Hi
Handle Hi
Charge hose
Vacuum
pump
Vacuum
pump
1) Completely tighten the flare nuts of the indoor and outdoor units, confirm that both the2-way and
3-way valves are set to the closed position.
2) Connect the charge hose with the push pin of handle lo to the 3-way valves gas service port..
3) Connect the charge hose of handle hi connection to the vacuum pump.
4) Fully open the handle Lo of the manifold valve.
5) Operate the vacuum pump to evacuate.
6) Make evacuation for 30 minutes and check whether the compound meter indicates-0.1Mpa. If
22
the meter does not indicate -0.1Mpaafter pumping 30 minutes,it should be pumped 20 minutes more. If
the pressure can’t achieve -0.1Mpaafter pumping 50 minutes, please check if there are some leakage
points.
Fully close the handle Lo valve of the manifold valve and stop the operation of the vacuum
pump.Confirm that the gauge needle does not move (approximately 5 minutes after turning off the
vacuum pump).
7) Turn the flare nut of the 3-way valves about 45° counterclockwise for 6 or 7seconds after the gas
coming out, then tighten the flare nut again. Make sure the pressure display in the pressure indicator is
a little higher than the atmosphere pressure. Then remove the charge hose from the 3 way valve.
8) Fully open the 2 wayvalve and 3 way valve and securely tighten the cap of the 3 way valve.
2. Air purging by refrigerant
Procedure:
1). Confirm that both the 2-way and 3-way valves are set to the closed position.
2). Connect the charge set and a charging cylinder to the service port of the 3-way valve.
3). Air purging.
Open the valves on the charging cylinder and the charge set. Purge the air by loosening the flare nut on
the 2-way valve approximately 45’ for 3 seconds then closing it for 1 minute; repeat 3 times.
After purging the air, use a torque wrench to tighten the flare nut on the 2-way valve.
4). Check the gas leakage.
Check the flare connections for gas leakage.
5). Discharge the refrigerant.
23
Close the valve on the charging cylinder and discharge the refrigerant by loosening the flare nut on the
2-way valve approximately 45’ until the gauge indicates 0.3 to 0.5 Mpa.
6). Disconnect the charge set and the charging cylinder, and set the 2-way and 3-way valves to the open
position.
Be sure to use a hexagonal wrench to operate the valve stems.
7). Mount the valve stems nuts and the service port cap.
Be sure to use a torque wrench to tighten the service port cap to a torque 18N·m.
Be sure to check the gas leakage.
3. Adding the refrigerantif the pipe length >5m
Electronic scale
Procedure:
1). Connect the charge hose to the charging cylinder, open the 2-way valve and the 3-way valve.
Connect the charge hose which you disconnected from the vacuum pump to the valve at the bottom of
the cylinder. If the refrigerant is R410A, make the cylinder bottom up to ensure the liquid charge.
2). Purge the air from the charge hose.
Open the valve at the bottom of the cylinder and press the check valve on the charge set to purge the
air (be careful of the liquid refrigerant).
3) Put the charging cylinderonto the electronic scale and record the weight.
4) Operate the air conditioner at the cooling mode.
5) Open the valves (Low side) on the charge set and charge the system with liquid refrigerant.
24
6).When the electronic scale displays the proper weight (refer to the table), disconnect the charge hose
from the 3-way valve’s service port immediately and turn off the air conditioner before disconnecting the
hose.
7). Mount the valve stem caps and the service port
Use torque wrench to tighten the service port cap to a torque of 18N.m.
Be sure to check for gas leakage.
6.5 Adding the refrigerant after running the system for many years
Electronic scale
Procedure:
1). Connect the charge hose to the 3-way service port, open the 2-way valve and the 3-way valve.
Connect the charge hose to the valve at the bottom of the cylinder. If the refrigerant is R410A, make
the cylinder bottom up to ensure liquid charge.
2). Purge the air from the charge hose.
Open the valve at the bottom of the cylinder and press the check valve on the charge set to purge the
air (be careful of the liquid refrigerant).
3) Put the charging cylinderonto the electronic scale and record the weight.
4) Operate the air conditioner at the cooling mode.
5) Open the valves (Low side) on the charge set and charge the system with liquid refrigerant.
25
6).When the electronic scale displays the proper weight (refer to the gauge and the pressure of the low
side), disconnect the charge hose from the 3-way valve’s service port immediately and turn off the air
conditioner before disconnecting the hose.
7). Mount the valve stem caps and the service port
Use torque wrench to tighten the service port cap to a torque of 18N.m.
Be sure to check for gas leakage.
6.6Re-installation while the indoor unit need to be repaired
1. Collecting the refrigerant into the outdoor unit
Procedure
1). Confirm that both the 2-way and 3-way valves are set to the opened position
Remove the valve stem caps and confirm that the valve stems are in the opened position.
Be sure to use a hexagonal wrench to operate the valve stems.
2). Connect the charge hose with the push pin of handle lo to the 3-way valves gas service port.
3). Air purging of the charge hose.
Open the handle Lo valve of the manifold valveslightly to purge air from the charge hose for 5 seconds
and then close it quickly.
4). Set the 2-way valve to the close position.
26
5). Operate the air conditioner at the cooling cycle and stop it when the gauge indicates 0.1MPa.
6).Set the 3-way valve to the closed position immediately
Do this quickly so that the gauge ends up indicating 0.3 to 0.5Mpa.
Disconnect the charge set, and tighten the 2-way and 3-way valve’s stem nuts.
Use a torque wrench to tighten the 3-way valves service port cap to a torque of 18N.m.
Be sure to check for gas leakage.
2. Air purging by the refrigerant
Procedure:
1). Confirm that both the 2-way and 3-way valves are set to the closed position.
2). Connect the charge set and a charging cylinder to the service port of the 3-way valve
Leave the valve on the charging cylinder closed.
3). Air purging.
Open the valves on the charging cylinder and the charge set. Purge the air by loosening the flare nut on
the 2-way valve approximately 45’ for 3 seconds then closing it for 1 minute; repeat 3 times.
After purging the air, use a torque wrench to tighten the flare nut on the 2-way valve.
4). Check the gas leakage
Check the flare connections for gas leakage.
5). Discharge the refrigerant.
27
Close the valve on the charging cylinder and discharge the refrigerant by loosening the flare nut on the
2-way valve approximately 45’ until the gauge indicates 0.3 to 0.5 Mpa.
6). Disconnect the charge set and the charging cylinder, and set the 2-way and 3-way valves to the open
position
Be sure to use a hexagonal wrench to operate the valve stems.
7). Mount the valve stems nuts and the service port cap
Be sure to use a torque wrench to tighten the service port cap to a torque 18N.m.
Be sure to check the gas leakage.
6.7Re-installation while the outdoor unit need to be repaired
1. Evacuation forthe whole system
Procedure:
1).Confirm that both the 2-way and 3-way valves are set to the opened position.
2). Connect the vacuum pump to 3-way valve’s service port.
3). Evacuation for approximately one hour. Confirm that the compound meter indicates-0.1Mpa.
4). Close the valve (Low side) on the charge set, turn off the vacuum pump, and confirm that the gauge
needledoes not move (approximately 5 minutes after turning off the vacuum pump).
5). Disconnect the charge hose from the vacuum pump.
28
2. Refrigerant charging
Electronic scale
Procedure:
1). Connect the charge hose to the charging cylinder, open the 2-way valve and the 3-way valve
Connect the charge hose which you disconnected from the vacuum pump to the valve at the bottom of
the cylinder. If the refrigerant is R410A, make the cylinder bottom up to ensure liquid charge.
2). Purge the air from the charge hose
Open the valve at the bottom of the cylinder and press the check valve on the charge set to purge the
air (be careful of the liquid refrigerant).
3) Put the charging cylinderonto the electronic scale and record the weight.
4). Open the valves (Low side) on the charge set and charge the system with liquid refrigerant
If the system cannot be charge with the specified amount of refrigerant, or can be charged with a little at
a time (approximately 150g each time), operating the air conditioner in the cooling cycle; however, one
time is not sufficient, wait approximately 1 minute and then repeat the procedure.
5).When the electronic scale displays the proper weight,disconnect the charge hose from the 3-way
valve’s service portimmediately
If the system has been charged with liquid refrigerant while operating the air conditioner, turn off the air
conditioner before disconnecting the hose.
6). Mounted the valve stem caps and the service port
29
Use torque wrench to tighten the service port cap to a torque of 18N.m.
Be sure to check for gas leakage
30
7. Operation characteristics
Temperature
Mode
Room temperature
Cooling operation
Heating operation
Drying operation
≥17℃(62℉)
≤30℃(86℉)
>10℃(50℉)
-15℃~30℃
0℃~50℃
(5℉~86℉)
(32℉~122℉)
0℃~50℃
(32℉~122℉)
Outdoor temperature
-15℃~50℃(5℉~122℉)
(For the models with
low temperature cooling system)
CAUTION:
1. If air conditioner is used outside of the above conditions, certain safety protection features may
come into operation and cause the unit to function abnormally.
2. Room relative humidity less than 80%. If the air conditioner operates in excess of this figure, the
surface of the air conditioner may attract condensation. Please set the vertical air flow louver to its
maximum angle (vertically to the floor), and set HIGH fan mode.
3. Optimum performance will be achieved within this operating temperature.
31
8. Electronic function
8.1 Abbreviation
T1: Indoor ambient temperature
T2: Coil temperature of indoor heat exchanger
8.2 Display function
8.2.1Icon explanation on indoor display board.
One of the following figures matches its display board .
Run indicator
Flash at 0.5Hz when the unit is standby. Illuminate when the unit is turned on.
Timer indicator
This indicator illuminates when TIMER is set ON/OFF.
Defrost Indicator
This indicator illuminates when the air conditioner starts defrosting
automatically or when the warm air control feature is activated in heating mode
Temperature indicator
Displays the temperature settings when the air conditioner is operational.Displays
the malfunction code.
32
8.3 Main Protection
8.3.1 Three Minutes Delay at restart for compressor
1 minute delay for the 1st time start-up and 3 minutes delay for others.
8.3.2 Temperature protection of compressor top
The unit will stop working when the compressor top temp. protector cut off, and will restart after the
compressor top temp. protector restart.
8.3.3 Temperature protection of compressor discharge
When the compressor discharge temp. is getting higher, the running frequency will be limited as below
rules:
---Compressor discharge temp. T5>115℃ for 5s, compressor stops.
---108<T5<115℃, decrease the frequency to the lower level every 3 minutes.
---90<T5<105℃, keep running at the current frequency.
----T5<90℃, no limit for frequency.
8.3.4 Fan Speed is out of control
When Indoor Fan Speed keeps too low (300RPM) for certain time, the unit will stop and the LED will
display the failure
8.3.5 Inverter module Protection
The Inverter module has a protection function about current, voltage and temperature. If these
protections happen, the corresponding code will display on indoor unit and the unit will stop working.
8.3.6 Indoor fan delayed open function
When the unit starts up, the louver will be active immediately and the indoor fan will open 10s later.
If the unit runs in heating mode, the indoor fan will be also controlled by anti-cold wind function.
8.3.7 Compressor preheating functions
Preheating permitting condition:
If T4(outdoor ambient temperature)<3℃ and the machine connects to power supply newly or if T4<
3℃ and compressor has stopped for over 3 hours, the compressor heating cable will work.
Preheating mode:
A weak current flow through the coil of compressor from the wiring terminal of the compressor, then the
compressor is heated without operation.
Preheating release condition:
33
If T4>5℃ or the compressor starts running, the preheating function will stop.
8.3.8 Zero crossing detection error protection
If AC detects time interval is not correct for continuous240s, the unit will stop and the LED will display
the failure. The correct zero crossing signal time interval should be between 6-13ms.
8.4 Operation Modes and Functions
8.4.1 Fan mode
(1) Outdoor fan and compressor stop.
(2) Temperature setting function is disabled, and no setting temperature is displayed.
(3) Indoor fan can be set to high/med/low/auto.
(4) The louver operates same as in cooling mode.
(5) Auto fan:
27.5
High
27
25.5
Medium
25
Low
34
8.4.2 Cooling Mode
8.4.2.1 Compressor running rules
The maximum operation frequency of compressor after starting submits to following rule.
Fmax=F4
45
43
Fmax=F7
40
38
Fmax=F8
31.5
29.5
Fmax=F6
22
20
Fmax=F3
If users switch on AC by remote controller, the compressor will run at the Fmax frequency for 7
minutes according to the outdoor ambient temp. During the 7 minutes, the frequency limitation is
active.7 minutes later, the compressor running frequency will be controlled as below:
3.5
A
3.0
2.5
B
C
2.0
D
1.5
E
1.0
0.5
F
-0.5
G
-1.0
H
While the zones of A,B,C... are corresponding to different compressor running frequency.
Note:
When T1-Ts keeps in the same temp. zone for 3 minutes, the compressor will run as the below rules:
A~E: Increase the frequency to the higher level until to F8.
35
F: Keep the current frequency.
G: Decrease the frequency to the lower level until to F1.
H: Run at F1 for 1h.(if T1-Ts<-2℃, the compressor will stop)
Meanwhile, the compressor running frequency is limited by the current.
Off
I3COOL
Decrease
I2COOL
Hold
I1COOL
Resume
Off: Compressor stops.
Decrease: Decrease the running frequency to the lower level.
Hold:Keep the current frequency.
Resume:No limitation for frequency.
Note:
When AC is in “hold” zone for 3 minutes, the compressor frequency will rise to the higher
level.(frequency will increase twice at most)
8.4.2.2 Outdoor fan running rules
22
High
20
Low
8.4.2.3 Indoor fan running rules
In cooling mode, indoor fan runs all the time and the speed can be selected as high, medium, low and
auto.
Auto fan in cooling mode acts as follow:
36
4
High
3
Medium
1.5
1
Low
8.4.2.4 Condenser temperature protection
---55℃<T3<60℃, the compressor frequency will decrease to the lower level until to F1 and then runs
at F1.If T3<54℃, the compressor will keep running at the current frequency.
---T3<52℃, the compressor will not limit the frequency and resume to the former frequency.
---T3>60℃ for 5 seconds, the compressor will stop until T3<52℃.
8.4.2.5 Evaporator temperature protection
---T2<0℃, the compressor will stop and restart when T2>=5℃.
---0℃≦T2<4℃, the compressor frequency will be limited and decreased to the lower level
---4℃≤T2≤7℃, the compressor will keep the current frequency.
---T2>7℃, the compressor frequency will not be limited.
37
8.4.3 Heating Mode
8.4.3.1 Compressor running rules
The maximum operation frequency of the compressor after starting submits to the following rule.
34
33
28
27
Off
Fmax=F2
25
24
Fmax=F3
22
21
Fmax=F4
19
18
Fmax=F5
17
16
Fmax=F6
15
14
Fmax=F7
12
11
Fmax=F8
6
5
Fmax=F9
Fmax=F10
If users switch on AC by remote controller, the compressor will run at the Fmax frequency for 7
minutes according to outdoor ambient temp. During the 7 minutes, the frequency limitation is active.
7 minutes later, the compressor running frequency will be controlled as below:
38
H
+5.0
+4.5
G
+3.5
+3.0
F
+2.5
E
+2.0
D
C
+1.5
B
+1.0
+0.5
A
While the zones of A,B,C... are corresponding to different compressor running frequency.
ΔT=0℃ as default.
Note:
When T1-Ts keeps in the same temp.zone for 3 minutes, the compressor will run as the below rules:
A~E: Increase the frequency to the higher level until to F10.
F: Keep the current frequency.
G: Decrease the frequency to the lower level until to F1.
H: Run at F1 for 1h.(if T1-Ts-ΔT >6℃, the compressor will stop)
Meanwhile, the compressor running frequency is limited by the current.
Off
I3HEAT
Decrease
I2HEAT
Hold
I1HEAT
Resume
Off: Compressor stops.
Decrease: Decrease the running frequency to the lower level.
39
Hold: Keep the current frequency.
Resume: No limitation for frequency.
Note:
When AC is in “hold” zone for 3 minutes, the compressor frequency will rise to the higher level. (The
frequency will increase twice at most)
8.4.3.2 Outdoor fan running rules
17
Low
15
High
8.4.3.3 Indoor fan running rules
T2
TEL8
Setting
TEL7
TEL6
Medium
TEL5
TEL4
Low
TEL3
TEL2
Breeze
TEL1
Super
Breeze
TEL0
Off
If the compressor stops caused by the room temperature rising, the indoor fan will be forced to run 127
seconds with breeze. During this period, the anti-cold-wind is disabled.
If the machine runs in rating capacity test mode, the indoor fan will run with rating speed and the
anti-cold-wind function is disabled.
40
Indoor fan speed can be set as high, medium, low or auto fan and the anti-cold-wind function is
preferential.
Auto fan action in heating mode:
Low
2.5
2
Medium
1.5
1
High
8.4.3.4 Defrosting mode
Condition of defrosting:
----T4>0℃,
When the units are running, if the following two items are satisfied, the units start defrosting:
The units run with T3<3℃ for 40 minutes and T3 keeps lower thanTCDI℃ for more than 3 minutes.
The units run with T3<3℃ for 80 minutes and T3 keeps lower than TCDI+2℃ for more than 3
minutes.
----T4<0℃,
If the 1st condition and 2nd condition items are satisfied, then the program judges if T2 has decreased
more than 5℃.When T2 has decreased more than 5℃, enter the defrosting mode.
----No matter what value T4 is, if the machine runs with T3<3℃ for more than 120 minutes and T3
keeps lower than TCDI+4℃ for more than 3 minutes, the machine will enter defrosting mode no
matter if T2 drops more than 5℃ or not.
Condition of ending defrosting:
If any one of the following items is satisfied, the defrosting will finish and the machine will turn to
normal heating mode.
----T3 rises to be higher thanTCDE1℃.
----T3 keeps to be higher than TCDE2℃for 80 seconds.
----The machine has run for 10 minutes in defrosting mode.
41
Defrosting action:
For 9k,12k models:
Frequency F2 FrequencyF8
on
Compressor
4-way valve
Outdoor fan
Indoor fan
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
Indoor fan breeze(10s)
10s
xx
10s
no longer than 10m
XX=60.
42
30s
For 18k,22k models:
Frequency F2 Frequency F8
on
Compressor
4-way valve
Outdoor fan
Indoor fan
off
on
off
on
off
on
off
Indoor fan breeze(10s)
10s
xx
10s
no longer than 10m
XX=60 for 18k model, XX=90 for 22k model.
43
30s
8.4.3.5 Evaporator coil temperature protection
----T2> TEH2℃, the compressor running frequency decreases to the lower level and runs for 20s.
When the frequency decreases to F2 and the T2 is still over TEH2℃ for 3 minutes, the compressor
will stop.
----T2<48℃ or T2 stays in 48℃~ TEH2℃ for 6 minutes, the frequency will not be limited by T2.
----T2>60℃, the compressor will stop and restart when T2<48℃.
8.4.4 Auto-mode
This mode can be chosen with remote controller and the setting temperature can be changed between
17~30℃.
In auto mode, the machine will choose cooling, heating or fan-only mode according to ΔT (ΔT =T1-Ts).
ΔT=T1-Ts
Running mode
ΔT>1℃
Cooling
-1<ΔT≤1℃
Fan-only
ΔT≤-1℃
Heating
Indoor fan will run at auto fan of the relevant mode.
The louver operates same as in relevant mode.
If the machine switches mode between heating and cooling, the compressor will keep stopping for 15
minutes and thenchoose mode according to T1-Ts.
If the setting temperature is modified, the machine will choose running function again.
8.4.5 Drying mode
8.4.5.1
Indoor fan speed is fixed at breeze and can’t be changed. The louver angle is the same as
in cooling mode.
8.4.5.2
Compressor running rules
44
2.5
F3
2.0
1.5
F2
1.0
0.5
F1
0.0
F1
8.4.5.3Low indoor room temperature protection
In drying mode, if room temperature is lower than 10℃, the compressor will stop and not resume until
room temperature exceeds 12℃.
8.4.5.4 Evaporator anti-freezing protection, condenser high temperature protection and outdoor unit
frequency limit are active and the same as that in cooling mode.
8.4.5.5 The outdoor fan operates the same as in cooling mode.
8.4.6 Forced operation function
8.4.6.1Enter forced operation function:
When the machine is off, pressing the touch button will carry the machine to forced auto mode. If
pressing the button once again within 5 seconds, the machine will turn into forced cooling mode.
In forced auto, forced cooling or any other operation mode, pressing touch button will turn off the
machine.
8.4.6.2 In forced operation mode, all general protections and remote control are available.
8.4.6.3 Operation rules:
Forced cooling mode:
The compressor runs at F2 frequency and indoor fan runs as breeze. After running for 30 minutes. the
machine will turn to auto mode as 24℃ setting temperature.
Forced auto mode:
The action of forced auto mode is the same as normal auto mode with 24℃ setting temperature.
8.4.7 Timer function
8.4.7.1 Timing range is 24 hours.
8.4.7.2 Timer on. The machine will turn on automatically when reaching the setting time.
45
8.4.7.3 Timer off. The machine will turn off automatically when reaching the setting time.
8.4.7.4 Timer on/off. The machine will turn on automatically when reaching the setting “on” time, and
then turn off automatically when reaching the setting “off” time.
8.4.7.5 Timer off/on. The machine will turn off automatically when reaching the setting “off” time, and
then turn on automatically when reaching the setting “on” time.
8.4.7.6 The timer function will not change the AC current operation mode. Suppose AC is off now, it will
not start up firstly after setting the “timer off” function. And when reaching the setting time, the timer
LED will be off and the AC running mode has not been changed.
8.4.7.7 The setting time is relative time.
8.4.8 Sleep function mode
8.4.8.1 Operation time in sleep mode is 7 hours. After 7 hours the AC quits this mode and turns off.
8.4.8.2. Operation process in sleep mode is as follow:
When cooling, the setting temperature rises 1℃ (be lower than 30℃) every one hour, 2 hours later the
setting temperature stops rising and indoor fan is fixed as low speed.
When heating, the setting temperature decreases 1℃ (be higher than 17℃) every one hour, 2 hours
later the setting temperature stops rising and indoor fan is fixed as low speed. (Anti-cold wind function
has the priority)
8.4.8.3 Timer setting is available
8.4.8.4 When user uses timer off function in sleep mode (or sleep function in timer off mode), if the
timing is less than 7 hours, sleep function will be cancelled when reaching the setting time. If the timing
is more than 7 hours, the machine will not stop until reaches the setting time in sleep mode.
8.4.9 Auto-Restart function
The indoor unit is equipped with auto-restart function, which is carried out through an auto-restart
module. In case of a sudden power failure, the module memorizes the setting conditions before the
power failure. The unit will resume the previous operation setting (not including swing function)
automatically after 3 minutes when power returns.
If the memorization condition is forced cooling mode, the unit will run in cooling mode for 30 minutes
and turn to auto mode as 24℃ setting temp.
If AC is off before power off and AC is required to start up now, the compressor will have 1 minute
delay when power on. Other conditions,the compressor will have 3 minutes delay when restarts.
46
8.4.10 8℃ Heating(optional)
In heating operation, the preset temperature of the air conditioner can be as lower as 8℃, which keeps
the room temperature steady at 8℃ and prevents household things freezing when the house is
unoccupied for a long time in severe cold weather.
8.4.11Louver Position Memory Function
When starting the unit again after shutting down, its louver will restore to the angle originally set by the
user, but the precondition is that the angle must be within the allowable range, if it exceeds, it will
memorize the maximum angle of the louver. During operation, if the power fails or the end user shuts
down the unit in the turbo mode, thelouver will restore to the default angle.
8.4.12Refrigerant Leakage Detection
With this new technology, the display area will show “EC”when the outdoor unit detects refrigerant
leakage.
47
9. Troubleshooting
9.1 Indoor Unit Error Display
Display
Operation lamp flash times
Timer lamp
E0
1
X
EEPROM error
E1
2
X
Indoor and outdoor communication error
E2
3
X
Zero crossing detection error
E3
4
X
Indoor fan speed has been out of control
E4
5
X
Failure
Indoorroom temperature sensor T1 open
circuit or short circuit
Evaporator coil temperature sensor T2 open
E5
6
X
circuit or short circuit
EC
7
X
F1
2
O
Refrigerant leak detection error
Outdoor temperature sensorT4 open circuit or
short circuit
Condensercoil temperature sensor T3 open
F2
3
O
circuit or short circuit
Compressor discharge temperature sensorT5
F3
4
O
F4
5
O
Outdoor EEPROM parameter error
P0
1
☆
IPM malfunction or IGBT over-strong current
P1
2
☆
Over voltage or too low voltage protection
P2
3
☆
open circuit or short circuit
Temperature protection of compressor
top(only for 24k models)
P4
5
☆
Inverter compressor drive error
O(light) X(off)☆(flash)
48
9.2 Diagnosis and Solution
9.2.1 EEPROM parameter error diagnosis and solution(E0/F4)
Shut off the power supply and
turn it on 5 seconds later. Is it
still displaying the error code?
Yes
If the EEPROM chip
is welded on main
PCB, replace the
main PCB directly.
Otherwise, check
whether the
EEPROM chip
plugged in main PCB
well?
No
Correct the connection.
Yes
Replace the indoor main
PCB.
EEPROM: a read-only memory whose contents can be erased and reprogrammed using a pulsed
voltage.
49
9.2.2 Indoor / outdoor unit’s communication errordiagnosis and solution(E1)
Power off, then turn on the unit 5 seconds
later(reconnect the power wire).Is the error
still displaying after several minutes?
Yes
Check all the wirings between indoor and
outdoor, indoor main PCB and outdoor main
PCB following the wiring diagram. Are all
the wirings connected correctly?
Yes
Measure Vs, is it moving alternately
between positive value and negative
value?
(Vs is the voltage between S and N of
outdoor unit.)
No
Yes
Is the wiring to the outdoor m a i n
PCB connected correctly?
Is the wiring to the indoor main
PCB connected correctly?
Yes
Yes
Change the outdoor main PCB.
Change the indoor main PCB.
Power on. Is the error extinguished?
Power on. Is the error extinguished?
No
No
Change the indoor main PCB.
Change the outdoor main PCB.
50
9.2.3 Zero crossing detection error diagnosis and solution(E2)
Check if the connections and
power supply is normal?
Correct the connections. Turn on the
unit when the power supply is good.
No
Yes
Indoor main PCB is
defective. Replace indoor
main PCB.
9.2.4 Indoor fan speed has been out of control diagnosis and solution(E3)
Shut off the power supply
and turn it on 5 seconds
later. Is it still displaying
the error code?
The unit operates normally.
No
Yes
Shut off the power supply,
rotate the fan by hand.
Does it rotate properly?
No
Find out the cause and
have it solved. For
example, check
whether the fan is
blocked or the bearing
is broken?
No
Correct the connections.
Yes
Check the wires of fan
motor. Are all the
connections good?
Yes
Check whether the fan
motor is normal through
index 1?
No
Replace the fan
motor
No
Yes
Check whether the main PCB is
normal through index 2?
No
Replace the
main PCB.
The
malfunction is
solved?
Yes
51
If the
malfunction is
still existing,
replace the
main PCB
Index 1:
1.Indoor AC Fan Motor
Measure the resistance value of each winding by using the tester.
Index2:
1: Indoor AC Fan Motor
Power on and set the unit running in fan mode at high fan speed. After running for 15 seconds,
measure the voltage of pin1 and pin2. If the value of the voltage is less than 100V(208~240V power
supply)or 50V(115V power supply), the PCB must has problems and need to be replaced.
52
9.2.5 Open circuit or short circuit of temperature sensor diagnosis and
solution(E4/E5/F1/F2/F3)
Check the connections
between temperature
sensor and main PCB.
Are the connections
good?
No
Correct the connections.
Yes
Check the resistance value
of the sensor via table1
and table 2, is it normal?
Yes
Replace indoor or outdoor main
PCB.
No
Replace the sensor and
check if the problem
happen again?
53
9.2.5 IPM malfunction or IGBT over-strong current diagnosis and solution(P0)
Check if the wiring between main
PCB and compressor connected by
error and if the wires and connectors
are broken?
Yes
Correct the connection or
replace the wires and
connectors.
No
Correct the installation,
tighten the screws and
apply silicon grease.
No
Check if the IPM installed correctly.
Yes
IPM continuity check. Check if the
IPM terminal resistance values are
uniform.
No
Replace the IPM board or replace
the main PCB if the IPM board and
main PCB are integrated together.
No
Refer to the solution of fan speed
has been out of control
malfunction . Find out the cause
and have it solved.
No
Replace the compressor.
Yes
Check if the outdoor fan runs
properly or the outdoor unit
ventilation is good.
Yes
Check if the compressor resistance
values are uniform .
Yes
Replace the outdoor main PCB if the
main PCB and IPM are separate.
54
9.2.6 Over voltage or too low voltage protection diagnosis and solution(P1)
Check if the power supply is
normal.
No
Disconnect the unit with power
supply and try to restart the unit
when power supply gets normal.
No
Correct the connections or replace
the wires.
Yes
Check if all the connections
and wires are good?
Yes
Power on and when the unit is in
standby, check if the voltage
between P and N is around DC
310V or 340V or 380V? For different
kinds of units, the voltage differs.
Consult with technical engineer to
get definite value. Then start up the
unit, measure the voltage between
P and N. Is it in 220V~400V?
Replace the IPM board if it is separate
with main PCB.
No
Yes
Replace outdoor mainl PCB.
55
9.2.7 High temperature protection of compressor top diagnosis and solution(P2)
Check if the air flow system
of indoor and outdoor units
are obstructed?
Clear up the air inlet and outlet or the heat
exchanger of indoor and outdoor units.
Yes
No
Turn off the power supply and turn
it on 10 minutes later.
Yes
Check if the unit can
start normally.
Check if all the connection, especially
the connection of OLP (Over Load
Protector) sensor is good.
No
Yes
Yes
Check if the refrigerant
charge volume is normal?
Measure the resistance
between the two ports of
the OLP. Is it zero?
No
No
Correct the connection.
Replace the OLP.
No
Yes
Yes
Refrigerant system is blocked, such
as capillary or welded point of pipes.
Recharge the correct
refrigerant volume.
56
Replace the outdoor control PCB.
9.2.8 Inverter compressor drive error diagnosis and solution(P4)
Check if the wiring between main
PCB and compressor connected by
error and if the wires and connectors
are broken?
Yes
Correct the connection or
replace the wires and
connectors.
No
Correct the installation,
tighten the screws and
apply silicon grease.
No
Check if the IPM installed correctly.
Yes
IPM continuity check. Check if the
IPM terminal resistance values are
uniform.
No
Replace the IPM board or replace
the main PCB if the IPM board and
main PCB are integrated together.
No
Refer to the solution of fan speed
has been out of control
malfunction . Find out the cause
and have it solved.
No
Replace the compressor.
Yes
Check if the outdoor fan runs
properly or the outdoor unit
ventilation is good.
Yes
Check if the compressor resistance
values are uniform .
Yes
Replace the outdoor main PCB if the
main PCB and IPM are separate.
57
9.2.9Refrigerant Leakage Detection diagnosis and solution(EC)
Shut off the power supply and
turn it on 5 seconds later. Is it
still displaying the error code?
Yes
Is there cool air blowing
out from indoor air outlet?
Check if T2 sensor is well
fixed. Correct the installation
or replace T2 sensor. Does
the problem remain again?
Yes
No
Yes
Is there any leakage? Especially
the connection parts, such as the
gas valve and the liquid valve.
No
Replace indoor PCB.
Yes
Repair the leakage and
recharge the refrigerant.
Is there any block i n g ? (Such as the
capillary or the welded points of the pipes.)
Yes
Clear the blocking.
58
Safety
Electricity power is still kept in capacitors even the power supply is shut off. Do not forget to discharge the electricity
power in capacitor.
Electrolytic Capacitors
(HIGH VOLTAGE! CAUTION!)
Connect discharge resistance (approx.100Ω 40W) or soldering iron (plug) between +, - terminals of the electrolytic
capacitor on the contrary side of the outdoor PCB.
Note: The picture above is only for reference. The plug of your side may be different.
Main parts check
1.
Temperature sensor checking
Disconnect the temperature sensor from PCB, measure the resistance value with a tester.
59
Temperature Sensors.
Room temp.(T1) sensor,
Indoor coil temp.(T2) sensor,
Outdoor coil temp.(T3) sensor,
Outdoor ambient temp.(T4) sensor,
Compressor discharge temp.(T5) sensor.
Measure the resistance value of each winding by using the multi-meter.
Table1:Some frequently-used R-T data for T1,T2,T3 and T4 sensor:
Temperature (℃)
5
10
15
20
25
30
40
50
60
Resistance Value (KΩ)
26.9
20.7
16.1
12.6
10
8
5.2
3.5
2.4
Table 2:Some frequently-used R-T data for T5 sensor:
Temperature (℃)
5
15
25
35
60
70
80
90
100
Resistance Value (KΩ)
141.6
88
56.1
36.6
13.8
9.7
6.9
5
3.7
Resistance value (KΩ)
200
180
160
140
120
100
T5
80
60
40
T1,T2,T3,T4
20
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Temperature (℃)
60
40
45
50
2.
Compressor checking
Measure the resistance value of each winding by using the tester.
Position
Resistance Value
DA108X1C-23EZ
DA130M1C-31FZ
DA130S1C-20FZ
DA150S1C-20FZ
Blue - Red
1.1Ω
0.95Ω
0.95Ω
0.95Ω
Blue - Black
(20℃)
(20℃)
(20℃)
(20℃)
Red - Blue
61
3.IPM continuity check
Turn off the power, let the large capacity electrolytic capacitors discharge completely, and dismount the IPM. Use a digital
tester to measure the resistance between P and UVWN; UVW and N.
Normal resistance
value
Digital tester
(+)Red
(-)Black
N
U
V
W
P
Digital tester
(+)Red
∞
N
W
4.
Normal resistance value
(-)Black
U
V
∞
(Several MΩ)
(Several MΩ)
Indoor AC Fan Motor
Measure the resistance value of each winding by using the tester.
Position
Black - Red
White - Black
Resistance Value
RPG13B
RPG13H
RPG20D
RPG15A
RPG25
RPG45C
530Ω±8%
575Ω±8%
400Ω±8%
75Ω±8%
287Ω±8%
172Ω±8%
(20℃)
(20℃)
(20℃)
(20℃)
(20℃)
(20℃)
315Ω±8%
558Ω±8%
383Ω±8%
150Ω±8%
409Ω±8%
138Ω±8%
(20℃)
(20℃)
(20℃)
(20℃)
(20℃)
(20℃)
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