Janome 3160QDC Instruction Book

Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
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Janome 3160QDC
Instruction Manual
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
This appliance is not intended for use by persons (including children) with reduced physical, sensory or mental capabilities,
or lack of experience and knowledge, unless they have been given supervision or instruction concerning use of the
appliance by a person responsible for their safety.
Children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with the appliance.
When using an electrical appliance, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the
following:
This sewing machine is designed and manufactured for household use only.
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Read all instructions before using this sewing machine.
electric outlet immediately after using and before cleaning.
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DANGER
— To reduce the risk of electric shock:
An appliance should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the
WARNING— To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons:
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1. Do not allow to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when this sewing machine is used by or near
children.
2. Use this appliance only for its intended use as described in this owner’s manual.
Use only attachments recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this owner’s manual.
3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been
dropped or damaged, or dropped into water.
Return this sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or
mechanical adjustment.
4. Never operate the appliance with any air opening blocked. Keep ventilation openings of this sewing machine and
foot controller free from accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth.
5. Never drop or insert any object into any opening.
6. Do not use outdoors.
7. Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered.
8. To disconnect, turn all controls to the off (“O”) position, then remove plug from outlet.
9. Do not unplug by pulling on cord. To unplug, grasp the plug, not the cord.
10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle.
11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break.
12. Do not use bent needles.
13. Do not pull or push fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break.
14. Switch this sewing machine off (“O”) when making any adjustment in the needle area, such as threading the
needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin or changing the presser foot, and the like.
15. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or
when making any other adjustments mentioned in this owner’s manual.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
Please note that on disposal, this product must be safely recycled in accordance with relevant National legislation relating to
electrical/electronic products. If in doubt please contact your retailer for guidance. (European Union only)
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
TABLE OF INSTRUCTION
SECTION I. NAMES OF PARTS
Names of Parts ............................................................. 2
Standard Accessories ................................................... 3
Extension Table ............................................................. 3
SECTION IV. DECORATIVE STITCHING
Shelltuck Stitch ........................................................... 37
Applique ...................................................................... 38
Scallop Stitch .............................................................. 38
Smocking .................................................................... 39
Patchwork Piecing ...................................................... 39
Quilting ........................................................................ 40
Fagoting ...................................................................... 40
Satin Stitches .............................................................. 40
Cross Stitch ................................................................. 41
Decorative Stitches ..................................................... 41
Decorative Stitch Combinations .................................. 42
Correcting Distorted Stitch Patterns ........................... 42
SECTION II. GETTING READY TO SEW
Connecting the Power Supply ....................................... 4
Before Using Your Sewing Machine .............................. 4
Speed Control Slider ..................................................... 5
Controlling Sewing Speed ............................................ 5
Machine Operating Buttons ........................................ 6-7
Removing and Attaching the Foot Holder ..................... 8
Changing the Presser Foot ........................................... 8
Presser Foot Lifter ........................................................ 8
Presser Foot Pressure Dial ........................................... 8
Dropping or Raising the Feed Dog ............................... 9
Changing the Needle .................................................... 9
Selecting Thread and Needles ..................................... 9
Bobbin Winding ...................................................... 10-12
Threading the Machine ............................................... 13
Needle Threader ......................................................... 14
Drawing up the Bobbin Thread ................................... 15
LCD Display ................................................................ 16
Stitch Patterns ............................................................. 16
Adjusting the Needle Thread Tension
for a Straight Stitch .................................................... 17
Adjusting the Needle Thread Tension
for a Zigzag Stitch ...................................................... 18
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SECTION V. CARE OF YOUR MACHINE
Cleaning the Hook Race and Feed Dog ..................... 43
Installing the Bobbin Holder ........................................ 43
Problems and Warning Signs ..................................... 44
Troubleshooting ........................................................... 45
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SECTION III. BASIC SEWING
Straight Stitch Sewing ................................................. 19
Needle Plate ............................................................... 20
Straight Stitch .............................................................. 21
Lock-a-Matic Stitch ..................................................... 21
Locking Stitch .............................................................. 21
Triple Stretch Stitch ..................................................... 21
Stretch Stitch............................................................... 22
Sculpture Stitch ........................................................... 22
Saddle Stitch ............................................................... 22
Zigzag Stitch ............................................................... 23
Overcasting with Zigzag Stitch ................................... 24
Multiple Zigzag ............................................................ 24
Knit Stitch .................................................................... 24
Overedge Stitch .......................................................... 25
Double Overedge Stitch .............................................. 25
Various Kinds of Buttonholes and Their Uses ............. 26
Square Buttonhole ................................................. 27-28
Adjusting the Stitch Width and Density for
Buttonholes ................................................................ 29
Round-End Buttonhole ............................................... 29
Fine Fabric Buttonhole ................................................ 29
Stretch Buttonhole ...................................................... 30
Antique Buttonhole ..................................................... 30
Keyhole Buttonhole ..................................................... 30
Corded Buttonhole ...................................................... 31
Darning Stitch ............................................................. 32
Tacking ........................................................................ 33
Eyelet .......................................................................... 33
Zipper Sewing ........................................................ 34-35
Blind Hemming ............................................................ 36
Button Sewing ............................................................. 37
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
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Janome sewing machine
SECTION I. NAMES OF PARTS
!0
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!3
!4
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!5
!6
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!7
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!8
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!9
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@0
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Names of Parts
q Extension table (Accessory box)
w Needle plate
e Needle threader
r Thread cutter
t Face cover
y Presser foot pressure dial
u Thread take-up lever
i Thread tension dial
o Spool pin
!0 Large spool holder
!1 Bobbin winder spindle
!2 Bobbin winder stopper
!3 Hole for additional spool pin
!4 Value set buttons
!5 Cursor buttons
!6 LCD display
!7 Speed control slider
!8 Automatic thread cutter button
!9 Needle up/down button
@0 Auto-lock button
@1 Reverse stitch button
@2 Start/stop button
@3 Hook cover plate
@4 Presser foot (Zigzag foot A)
@5 Foot holder
@6 Needle clamp screw
@7 Needle
@8 Hook cover release button
@9 Power inlet
#0 Foot control jack
#1 Power switch
#2 Handwheel
#3 Carrying handle
#4 Upper thread guide
#5 Presser foot lifter
#6 Buttonhole lever
#7 Free-arm
#8 Drop feed lever
#9 Foot control
$0 Power supply cord
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@5
@4
@3
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#3
#4
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#5
#6
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#2
#1
#00
#7
#8
@9
#9
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NOTE:
Sewing machine design and specifications are subject
to change without prior notice.
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
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Standard Accessories
q Bobbin
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w Spool pin felt
e Needle set
r Additional spool pin
t Satin stitch foot F
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y Zipper foot E
u Automatic buttonhole foot R
!0
i Overedge foot C
o Blind hem foot G
!1
!2
!3
!4
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!0 1/4˝ seam foot O
!1 Custom crafted zigzag foot F2
!2 Seam ripper (Buttonhole opener)
!3 Screwdriver key
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!4 Lint brush
!5 Small spool holder
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!6 Large spool holder
!7 Spool stand
Extension Table
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The extension table q provides an extended sewing area
and can be easily removed for free arm sewing.
q Extension table
w Tab
e Slot
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• Attaching the table
Push the extension table, inserting the tab w into the slot
e until the table snaps into the machine.
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• Detaching the table
Pull the table away from the machine, as illustrated.
• Accessory storage
Accessories are stored inside the extension table. Pull lid
towards you to open the accessory storage r.
r Accessory storage
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• Free-arm sewing
Free-arm sewing is useful for darning socks or mending
knees, cuffs or areas of wear in children’s clothes.
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
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Janome sewing machine
SECTION II. GETTING READY TO SEW
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Connecting the Power Supply
• Using the foot control
Turn off the power switch q.
Insert the foot control plug w into the foot control jack e.
Insert the machine plug r into the power inlet t.
Insert the power supply plug y into the wall outlet u.
Turn on the power switch q.
The foot control sign i will be displayed when the
foot control is connected to the machine.
q Power switch
w Foot control plug
e Foot control jack
r Machine plug
t Power inlet
y Power supply plug
u Wall outlet
i Foot control sign
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NOTE:
The start/stop button does not work when the foot
control is connected.
WARNING:
While in operation, always keep your eyes on the sewing
area, and do not touch any moving parts such as the
thread take-up lever, handwheel or needle.
Always turn off the power switch and unplug from the
power supply:
- when leaving the machine unattended.
- when attaching or removing parts.
- when cleaning the machine.
Do not place anything on the foot control, otherwise the
machine will run inadvertently.
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Operating Instructions:
The symbol “O” on a switch indicates the “off” position of
a switch.
For appliances with a polarized plug (one blade wider
than the other): To reduce the risk of electric shock, this
plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way.
If it still does not fit, contact a qualified electrician to
install the proper outlet. Do not modify the plug in any
way (U.S.A. and Canada only).
* Foot control model YC-485EC-1 is used with this
sewing machine (U.S.A and Canada only).
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• Using the start/stop button
Turn off the power switch q.
Insert the machine plug w into the power inlet e.
Insert the power supply plug r into the wall outlet t.
Turn on the power switch q.
q Power switch
w Machine plug
e Power inlet
r Power supply plug
t Wall outlet
Before Using Your Sewing Machine
Before using your sewing machine for the first time,
place a scrap of fabric under the presser foot and run
the machine without thread for a few minutes. Wipe away
any oil which may appear.
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Speed Control Slider
Sewing speed can be varied by the speed control slider
according to your sewing needs.
To increase sewing speed, slide the slider to the right.
To decrease sewing speed, slide the slider to the left.
Controlling Sewing Speed
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Depress the foot control to start the machine.
The further down you press on the foot control, the faster
the machine runs.
The maximum sewing speed can be varied by the speed
control slider.
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Machine Operating Buttons
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q Start/Stop Button
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Lower the presser foot lifter.
Press the start/stop button q to start the machine.
The machine starts running slowly for the first few
stitches; it then runs at the speed set by the speed control
slider.
Press the start/stop button q again to stop the machine.
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w Reverse Stitch Button
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NOTES:
•The machine runs slowly as long as you press and hold
the start/stop button q.
•The start/stop button q cannot be used when the foot
control is connected to the machine.
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When stitches
(00, 01, 07, 08, 30) are
selected, the machine will sew in reverse while the reverse
stitch button is pressed.
If you press the reverse stitch button when sewing any
other stitches, the machine will immediately sew locking
stitches and automatically stop.
If you press the reverse stitch button when stitch pattern
00, 01, 07, 08 or 30 is selected and the foot control is not
connected, the machine will sew in reverse as long as the
button is pressed, and the machine will stop when the
button is released.
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e Auto-lock Button
When stitches
(00, 01, 07, 08, 30) are
selected, the machine will immediately sew locking
stitches and automatically stop when the auto-lock button
is pressed.
If you press the auto-lock button when sewing any other
stitches, the machine will sew locking stitches at the end
of the current pattern and automatically stop.
r Up/down Needle Position Button
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Press this button to bring the needle up or down.
The machine will stop with the needle up or down
depending on the needle position determined by this
button.
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
t Thread Cutter Button
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Press this button to trim the threads after sewing.
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To trim the threads automatically after the sewing, select
the desired stitch pattern, then press and hold the thread
cutter button until the thread cutter sign appears.
The machine will automatically stop and trim the threads
after locking stitches when the reverse or auto-lock button
is pressed.
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The thread cutter sign i will blink while the machine cuts
the threads.
* Use the thread cutter on the face cover if the thread is
#30 or thicker.
* You can continue sewing without pulling the bobbin
thread up after trimming the threads.
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y Cursor Buttons
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Use these buttons to move the cursor o.
Press
button to move the cursor to right.
Press
button to move the cursor to left.
u Value Set Buttons
Use these buttons to change the set value.
Move the cursor under the digit you would like to change.
Press
button to increase the value.
Press
button to decrease the value.
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Removing and Attaching the Foot Holder
CAUTION:
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Turn OFF the power switch before detaching or
attaching foot holder.
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• Removing the foot holder
Remove the setscrew q by turning it counterclockwise
with a screwdriver.
• Attaching the foot holder
Match the hole in the foot holder w with the threaded
hole in the presser bar e. Fit the setscrew q into
the hole. Tighten the setscrew q by turning it clockwise
with a screwdriver.
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q Setscrew
w Foot holder
e Presser bar
Changing the Presser Foot
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CAUTION:
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Turn OFF the power switch before changing the foot .
Always use the proper foot for the selected pattern.
The wrong foot can cause the needle to break.
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• Removing the presser foot
Raise the needle to its highest position by turning the
handwheel counterclockwise. Raise the presser foot,
and press the lever q on the back of the foot holder.
• Attaching the presser foot
Place the selected presser foot so that the pin e on
the foot lies just under the groove w on the foot
holder. Lower the presser bar to lock the foot into
the place.
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q Lever
w Groove
e Pin
Presser Foot Lifter
The presser foot lifter q raises and lowers the presser
foot.
You can raise the foot about 1/4˝ (0.6 cm) higher than the
normal up position w for easy removal of the presser
foot, or to help you place thick material under the foot.
q Presser foot lifter
w Normal up position
e Highest position
q
Presser Foot Pressure Dial
w
The presser foot pressure dial should be set at “6” for
regular sewing.
Reduce the pressure to “3” for applique, cutwork, drawn
work, basting and embroidery.
Set the pressure to “2” to “4” when sewing chiffon, lace,
organdy and other fine fabrics.
Velour and knits with a lot of stretch may also require a
“1” setting.
Turn the presser foot pressure dial q and set the desired
number at the setting mark w.
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q Presser foot pressure dial
w Setting mark
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Janome sewing machine
Dropping or Raising the Feed Dog
The drop feed lever is located underneath the free arm
bed on the back of the machine.
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q To drop the feed dog, push the lever in the direction
of the arrow q.
Set the stitch length value at “0.0” e.
w To raise the feed dog, push the lever in the direction
of the arrow w, as illustrated, and turn the handwheel
r toward you. The feed dog must be up for normal
sewing.
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Changing the Needle
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CAUTION:
Turn OFF the power switch before changing the
needle.
q
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Fabric
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Lawn
Georgette
Tricot
Wool,
Polyester
Light
Cotton,
Medium Polyester
Fine jersey
Wool
Heavy
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x Insert a new needle into the needle clamp w with the
flat side to the rear. When inserting the needle into
the needle clamp w, push it up as far as it goes.
Tighten the needle clamp screw q firmly by turning it
clockwise.
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z Turn off the power switch.
Raise the needle to its highest position by turning the
handwheel counterclockwise, and lower the presser
foot. Loosen the needle clamp screw q by turning it
counterclockwise. Remove the needle from the
needle clamp w.
Denim
Jersey
Coating
Quilting
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Thread
Silk #80-100
Cotton #80-100
Synthetic #80-100
c To see if the needle is good, place the flat side of the
needle onto something flat (needle plate, glass, etc.).
The gap between the needle and the flat surface
should be consistent. Never use a bent or blunt
needle.
A damaged needle can cause permanent snags or
runs in knits, fine silks and silk-like fabrics.
Needle
q Needle clamp screw
w Needle clamp
#9/65–11/75
Selecting Thread and Needles
Silk #50
Cotton #60-80
Synthetic #50-80
Cotton #50
#11/75–14/90
Silk #50
Cotton #40-50
Synthetic #40-50
Silk #30
Cotton #50
#14/90–16/
100
For general sewing, use needle size 11/75 or 14/90. A
fine thread and needle should be used for sewing
lightweight fabrics, so the fabric will not be marred.
Heavy fabrics require a needle large enough to pierce
the fabric without fraying the needle thread.
Always test the needle size on a small scrap of the
fabric, which will be used for actual sewing.
In general, use the same thread for the needle and
bobbin. When sewing stretch fabrics, very fine fabrics
and synthetics, use a BLUE TIPPED needle. The blue
tipped needle effectively prevents skipped stitches.
#14/90
#16/100
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
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Janome sewing machine
Bobbin Winding
• Removing the bobbin
Gently slide the hook cover release button q to the
right and remove the hook cover plate w.
Lift out the bobbin.
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q Hook cover release button
w Hook cover plate
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• Horizontal spool pin
Lift up the spool pin q. Place a spool of thread on the
spool pin with the thread coming off the spool as shown.
Attach the large spool holder w, and press it firmly
against the spool of thread.
The small spool holder e is used with narrow or small
spools of thread.
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q Spool pin
w Large spool holder
e Small spool holder
• Additional spool pin
The additional spool pin w is for winding bobbins,
without unthreading the machine.
Set the spool stand q under the additional spool pin w.
Insert the additional spool pin w into the hole e.
Place the felt r and a spool on the pin.
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q Spool stand
w Additional spool pin
e Hole for additional spool pin
r Spool pin felt
q
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
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Janome sewing machine
• Winding the bobbin
NOTE:
Set the speed control slider at its fastest position for
bobbin winding.
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z Draw the thread from the spool.
x Guide the thread around the thread guide.
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c Thread through the hole in the bobbin from the inside
to the outside.
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b Push the bobbin to the right.
The bobbin sign q appears on the LCD display.
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n With the free end of the thread held in your hand,
start the machine. Stop the machine when it has
wound a few layers, and then cut the thread close to
the hole in the bobbin.
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v Put the bobbin on the bobbin winder spindle.
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m Start the machine again. When the bobbin is fully
wound, it will stop automatically. Stop the machine
and return the bobbin winder to its original position by
moving the spindle to the left. Cut the thread as
shown.
NOTE:
For safety purposes, the machine will stop automatically
2 minutes after the start of bobbin winding.
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
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Janome sewing machine
• Inserting the bobbin
z Place a bobbin in the bobbin holder with the thread
running off counterclockwise.
q End of thread
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x Guide the thread into the first notch w on the front
side of the bobbin holder.
w Notch
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c Draw the thread to the left, sliding it between the
tension spring blades.
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v Continue to draw the thread lightly until the thread
slips into the second notch e. Pull out about 6˝
(15 cm) of thread.
e Notch
w
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b Attach the hook cover plate. Check the threading by
referring to the diagram r shown on the hook cover
plate.
r Threading diagram
b
r
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
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Janome sewing machine
Threading the Machine
Raise the presser foot. Press the
needle up/down button q to raise
the thread take-up lever to its
highest position.
q Needle up/down button
q
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CAUTION:
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Turn OFF the power switch before threading the
machine.
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• Threading the machine
z Draw the end of the thread around the upper thread
guide.
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x While holding the thread near the spool w, draw the
end of the thread down around the check spring
holder e.
w Spool
e Check spring holder
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c Firmly draw the thread up from right to left over the
take-up lever, and down into the take-up lever eye.
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v b
v Pass the thread through the lower thread guide. Slide
the thread behind the needle bar thread guide on the
left.
b Thread the needle from front to back, or use the
needle threader.
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
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Janome sewing machine
Needle Threader
CAUTION:
z
Turn OFF the power switch when using the needle
threader.
q
z Lower the presser foot. Raise the needle to its highest
position. Pull down the needle threader knob q as far
as it will go. The hook comes out through the needle
eye from behind.
q Knob
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x Draw the thread from guide (a) e to guide (b) r and
under the hook w. Draw the thread up along the right
side of guide (b) r and slip the thread in between
guide (b) and the holder plate t.
w Hook
e Guide (a)
r Guide (b)
t Holder plate
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c Raise the knob in the direction of the arrow, drawing
the thread loop through the needle.
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v Pull the thread through the needle eye.
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NOTE:
The needle threader can be used with a #11 to #16
needle or a blue tipped needle. Thread sizes 50 to 90
are recommended.
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
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Janome sewing machine
Drawing up the Bobbin Thread
z Raise the presser foot. Hold the needle thread lightly
with your left hand.
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x Press the needle up/down button q twice to
lower and raise the needle to pick up the bobbin thread.
q Needle up/down button
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c Pull both threads 4˝ to 6˝ (10 to 15 cm) under and
behind the presser foot.
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
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Janome sewing machine
LCD Display
The LCD display shows the following information when
the machine is turned on.
q Identification letter for recommended foot
w Stitch pattern number
e Cursors
r Stitch width
t Stitch length
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z Press the cursor keys
to move the cursor
under the stitch pattern number.
The cursors appear under both digits when turning
the power on.
x Press the value set keys
to change the stitch
pattern number until the pattern number of the
desired stitch is indicated.
The number will increase or decrease by 1 each time
you press the value set key.
c Press the
key to move the cursor under the tens
digit of the stitch pattern number.
The number will increase or decrease by 10 each
time you press the value set key.
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Stitch Patterns
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3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
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Janome sewing machine
Adjusting the Needle Thread Tension for a
Straight Stitch
• Correct tension
q Needle thread (top thread)
w Bobbin thread (bottom thread)
e To loosen
r To tighten
q
The ideal straight stitch has threads locked between two
layers of fabric, as illustrated (magnified to show detail).
If you look at the top and bottom of the seam, notice that
the stitches are evenly balanced.
When adjusting the needle thread tension, the higher the
number, the tighter the top thread tension.
Results depend on:
- stiffness and thickness of the fabric
- number of fabric layers
- type of stitch
w
e
co
r
m
r
• Tension is too tight
q Needle thread (top thread)
w Bobbin thread (bottom thread)
e To loosen tension
r Right side (top side) of fabric
t Wrong side (bottom side) of fabric
t
s.
q
w
.to
e
The bobbin thread shows through on the right side of
the fabric, and the stitch feels bumpy. Turn the dial to a
lower tension setting number to loosen the needle thread
tension.
ew
w
• Tension is too loose
q Needle thread (top thread)
w Bobbin thread (bottom thread)
e To tighten tension
r Right side (top side) of fabric
t Wrong side (bottom side) of fabric
t
r
q
The needle thread shows through on the wrong side
of the fabric, and the stitch feels bumpy. Turn the dial to a
higher tension setting number to tighten the needle
thread tension.
e
w
w
w
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17
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Adjusting the Needle Thread Tension for a
Zigzag Stitch
For an ideal zigzag stitch, the bobbin thread does not
show on the right side (Top side) of the fabric, and the
needle thread shows slightly on the wrong side (Bottom
side) of the fabric.
See the illustrations for the correct appearance.
To match this appearance, adjust the needle tension as
necessary.
q
• Correct tension
q Right side (Top side) of fabric
w Wrong side (Bottom side) of fabric
w
co
m
Minimize the amount of needle thread visible on the
wrong side (Bottom side) of the fabric without causing
excessive puckering, or causing the bobbin thread to
show on the right side (Top side) of the fabric.
Results vary with fabric, thread and sewing conditions.
• Tension is too tight
q Right side (Top side) of fabric
w Wrong side (Bottom side) of fabric
s.
w
ew
q
w
.to
The corner of each zigzag pulls together on the right
side of the fabric
w
• Tension is too loose
q Right side (Top side) of fabric
w Wrong side (Bottom side) of fabric
The corner of each zigzag point pulls together on the
wrong side of the fabric.
w
w
q
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18
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
q
w
Janome sewing machine
SECTION III. BASIC SEWING
e
Straight Stitch Sewing
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
00 or 01
2 to 6
Zigzag foot A
m
• Starting to sew
Raise presser foot and position the fabric next to a seam
guide line on the needle plate (5/8˝ (1.6 cm) is most
common). Lower the needle to the point where you want
to start. Lower the presser foot and pull the threads
toward the back. Start the machine. Gently guide
the fabric along a seam guide line letting the fabric feed
naturally.
co
• Finishing sewing
To fasten the ends of a seam, press the reverse stitch
button q and sew several reverse stitches. Press the
thread cutter button w to cut the threads, or the machine
will trim the threads at the end of sewing automatically if
the thread cutter sign is indicated on the LCD display
(see page 7).
q Reverse stitch button
w Thread cutter button
s.
q
Raise the presser foot.
Use the thread cutter e on the face plate to cut thicker
threads.
e Thread cutter
w
w
w
.to
e
ew
w
• Turning square corners
When sewing with fabric edge at 5/8˝ seam guide, to turn
a square corner so that sewing continues at same
distance from edge.
Stop the machine when front edge of fabric reaches the
cornering guide lines q.
Lower the needle by pressing needle up/down button w.
Raise the presser foot and turn the fabric counterclockwise 90°.
Lower the presser foot, and begin stitching in the new
direction.
q Cornering guide
w Needle up/down button
w
q
• Sewing from the edge of thick fabric
The black button q on the zigzag foot locks the foot in
the horizontal position.
This is helpful when starting sewing from the far edge of
thick fabrics w or sewing across a hem.
Lower the needle into the fabric at the point where you
wish to start sewing.
Lower the foot while pushing the black button q in. The
foot is locked in the horizontal position to avoid slipping.
The button is released automatically after sewing a few
stitches.
q Black button
w Thick fabrics
q w
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19
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Needle Plate
The seam guides on the needle plate and the hook cover
help you to measure seam allowance. The numbers on
the needle plate indicate the distance between the
center needle position q and the edge of the fabric w.
q Center needle position
w Edge of the fabric
q
w
e
10
20
30
40
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/2
1.0
2.0 3.0 4.0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/2
—
—
The front seam guides e are marked at 1/4˝, 3/8˝ and
5/8˝ from the center needle position q.
e Front seam guides
m
q
Number
Distance
(cm)
Distance
(inch)
• Adjusting the stitch length
Press the cursor buttons
to move the cursor q
under the stitch length value “2.2” w (default setting).
Press the
button to decrease stitch length.
Press the
button to increase stitch length.
The stitch length can be varied from 0.0 to 5.0.
q Cursor
w Stitch length (2.2)
co
w
s.
q
w
.to
ew
NOTE:
Reverse stitch length cannot be set longer than 4.0.
[1.0]
[2.2]
[5.0]
w
w
q
• Adjusting the needle drop position
The needle drop position can be adjusted for straight
stitch patterns 00~04, and 30~32.
Press the cursor buttons
to move the cursor
under the stitch width value “3.5” q (default setting).
Press the
button to move the needle to the right r.
Press the
button to move the needle to the left w.
q Stitch width (3.5)
w Left (0.0)
e Middle (3.5)
r Right (7.0)
w
e
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r
20
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Straight Stitch
q
w
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
00 or 01
2 to 6
Zigzag foot A
w
Lock-a-Matic Stitch
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
r Reverse button
02
2 to 6
Zigzag foot A
co
q
m
For seaming garments, zipper application and more.
Pattern 01 is used for seaming fine fabrics.
ew
s.
Use this stitch to secure the beginning and the end of a
seam with backstitching.
When you reach the end of the seam, press the reverse
stitch button r once. The machine will sew four reverse
stitches, four forward stitches, and then stop sewing
automatically.
r
w
e
Locking Stitch
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
r Reverse button
w
w
w
.to
q
q
w
03
2 to 6
Zigzag foot A
This unique stitch is used where an invisible locking
stitch is needed.
Lower the needle close to the front edge of the fabric.
The machine will sew several locking stitches in place
and continue sewing forward.
When you press the reverse stitch button r at the end of
the seam, the machine will sew several locking stitches
in place, then stop sewing automatically.
r
Triple Stretch Stitch
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
04
2 to 6
Zigzag foot A
This strong, durable stitch is recommended when both
elasticity and strength are necessary in order to insure
comfort and durability. Use it to reinforce areas such as
crotch and armhole seams. Also use for extra
reinforcement when constructing items such as
backpacks.
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21
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Stretch Stitch
w
q
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
05, 06
3 to 6
Zigzag foot A
w
Sculpture Stitch
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
31
3 to 6
Satin stitch foot F
co
q
m
This stitch is a narrow stretch stitch designed to
eliminate puckering on knit fabrics and bias seams, while
permitting the seam to be pressed completely open flat.
Stitch pattern 06 used for seaming fine fabrics.
w
e
Saddle Stitch
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
32
3 to 6
Zigzag foot A
This saddle stitch is formed with one stitch forward, two
stitches backward, and a fourth stitch forward.
You can achieve a lovely hand-worked look when
topstitching suits, blazers, jumpers, and denim outfits
with the saddle stitch.
w
w
w
.to
q
ew
s.
For top stitching and outlining designs.
Sew slowly at the corners.
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22
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
q
w
Janome sewing machine
Zigzag Stitch
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
07
2 to 6
Zigzag foot A
m
The zigzag stitch is one of the most useful and versatile
stitches.
It is used for overcasting, mending, appliqué, and also
used as a decorative stitch.
NOTE:
Use an interfacing when sewing on stretch fabrics such
as knit, jersey or tricot.
q
s.
co
• Adjusting the stitch width
Press the cursor buttons
to move the cursor w
under the stitch width value “5.0” q (default setting).
Press the
button to decrease stitch width e.
Press the
button to increase stitch width r.
The stitch width can be varied from 0.0 to 7.0.
w
.to
ew
w
e
r
• Adjusting the stitch length
Press the cursor buttons
to move the cursor w
under the stitch length value “1.5” t (default setting).
Press the
button to decrease stitch length y.
Press the
button to increase stitch length u.
The stitch length can be varied from 0.2 to 5.0.
w
w
t
y
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w
u
23
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
q
w
Janome sewing machine
Overcasting with Zigzag Stitch
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
07
3 to 7
Overedge foot C
This zigzag variation is very useful in garment
construction and in finishing raw edges of any sewing
project.
m
The black ridge and the guide wires on the overedge
foot keep the edge neat and the fabric straight.
Place your fabric so that the double guide wires come
to the edge. The machine will stitch over these wires.
The black ridge will keep loose threads in so that
the needle can stitch over them.
As you sew, be sure your fabric edge pushes up against
the black ridge.
e
Multiple Zigzag
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
s.
w
08
3 to 6
Zigzag foot A
w
This stitch is used to finish seams on synthetics and
other fabrics that tend to pucker. The stitch is also
excellent for darning and mending tears.
Place your fabric to allow a 5/8˝ (1.5 cm) seam. Trim
excess close to stitching. Be careful not to cut the
stitches.
Knit Stitch
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
w
q
w
w
.to
ew
q
co
NOTE:
When using an overedge foot, make sure to set the
stitch width between 5.0 and 7.0, otherwise the needle
may hit the overedge foot.
09
3 to 6
Zigzag foot A
Place your fabric to allow a 5/8˝ (1.5 cm) seam. Trim
excess close to stitching. Be careful not to cut the
stitches.
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24
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
q
w
Janome sewing machine
Overedge Stitch
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
11
3 to 7
Overedge foot C
m
This stitch pattern combines the straight and the zigzag
stitches, using the overedge foot, to seam and overcast
in one step.
It is ideal for 1/4˝ (0.6 cm) seams on knits (when
attaching ribbing) or on medium to heavyweight woven
fabrics where you want a narrow seam.
Place your fabric so that the raw edges fit under the wire
guides and touch the black ridge.
w
Double Overedge Stitch
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
12
3 to 7
Overedge foot C
ew
s.
q
co
NOTE:
Stitch width should be set between 5.0 and 7.0.
The blue tip needle is recommended for stretch
materials.
w
.to
This stitch can be used for sewing fabrics that tend to
fray extensively such as linens and gabardines.
Two rows of zigzag stitches are simultaneously sewn
over the edge to insure that your seams will not ravel.
Adjust the thread tension so both the needle and
bobbin threads meet at the edge of the fabric.
w
w
NOTE:
Stitch width should be set between 5.0 and 7.0.
The blue tip needle is recommended for stretch
materials.
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25
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Various Kinds of Buttonholes and Their Uses
q
q Square Buttonhole
This square buttonhole is widely used on medium to
heavy fabrics. The buttonhole size is automatically
determined by placing a button in the foot.
w
w Round-end Buttonhole
This buttonhole is used on fine to medium weight
fabrics, especially for blouses and children’s clothes.
e
m
e Fine Fabric Buttonhole
This buttonhole is rounded at both ends and is used on
fine, delicate fabrics such as fine silk.
r
co
r Stretch Buttonhole
This buttonhole is suitable for knit fabrics. It can also be
used as a decorative buttonhole.
t
s.
w
w
w
.to
u
y Keyhole Buttonhole
The keyhole buttonhole is widely used on medium to
heavy fabrics. It is also suitable for larger and thicker
buttons.
ew
y
t Antique Buttonhole
Resembles a “Hand Worked” buttonhole ideal on fine
fabrics featured in Heirloom sewing or for couture
fashions.
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26
u Welted Buttonhole (Bound Buttonhole)
This is a template pattern for the hand-sewn welted
buttonhole.
NOTES:
• To sew the buttonholes 50 to 56, follow the same
procedure as Square BH (See page 27 to 28.).
• The size of a buttonhole is automatically set by placing
a button in the rear of automatic buttonhole foot R.
• The button holder of the foot takes a button size of up
to 1˝ (2.5 cm) in diameter.
• It is sometimes necessary to change buttonhole size
to match certain heavy or specific materials and
threads.
• Make a test buttonhole on an extra piece of the fabric
to check your setting.
• Place the button on the fabric and mark the top and
button to determine the position of the buttonhole on
the fabric.
• Use interfacing on stretch fabrics.
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
w
q
Janome sewing machine
e
Square Buttonhole
r
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
r Buttonhole lever sign
50
1 to 5
Automatic buttonhole foot R
• To sew
z Press the needle up/down button to raise the needle.
Attach the automatic buttonhole foot R snapping
the pin w into the groove q of the foot holder.
q Groove
w Pin
z
q
m
w
x Pull the button holder e to the back, and place the
button in it. Push it together tightly to the button.
co
x
s.
NOTE:
If the button is extremely thick, make a test buttonhole
on an extra piece of the fabric.
If it is difficult to fit the button through the test
buttonhole, you can lengthen the buttonhole by pulling
the button holder back a little. The length of the
buttonhole will be increased.
ew
e
e Button holder
r Extra gap
c
c Pull the buttonhole lever t down as far as it will go.
t Buttonhole Lever
v Insert the corner of the fabric under the foot.
Press the needle up/down button twice.
Remove the fabric to the left to draw the needle
thread through the hole of the foot.
Place the fabric under the foot, and lower the
needle at the starting point of the buttonhole mark y.
Then lower the automatic buttonhole foot R.
y Buttonhole mark
u Starting point
i
w
v
w
t
w
.to
r
!0
o
NOTE:
Make sure there is no gap !0 between the slider and
stopper, otherwise the buttonhole will not be sewn in
the required position.
y
u
i
o
!0
!1
!1
u
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27
Slider
Stopper
No gap
Sewing gap
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
b Start the machine to sew the buttonhole.
The buttonhole will be automatically sewn.
The machine will sew the left row first.
n
n The machine will sew the back bartack and the right
row.
m
m The machine will sew the front bartack, then it stops
automatically.
The machine will trim the threads at the end of
sewing if the thread cutter sign is indicated on the
LCD screen.
co
m
b
!2
,
w
.to
ew
s.
NOTE:
If you start sewing the buttonhole without lowering the
buttonhole lever, the LCD display will show “bL”
message and the buttonhole lever sign !2 will blink.
Lower the buttonhole lever, then restart the machine.
!3
. When buttonhole sewing is finished, push the
buttonhole lever !5 upward as far as it will go.
!5 Buttonhole lever
w
.
w
!4
, Remove the fabric and place a pin !3 just below the
bartack at each end to prevent accidentally cutting
stitches. Cut the opening with the seam ripper !4.
!3 Pin
!4 Seam ripper
!5
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28
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Adjusting the Stitch Width and Density for
Buttonholes
q
• Adjusting the stitch width
Press the cursor buttons
to move the cursor under
the stitch width value “5.0” q (default setting).
Press the
button to decrease buttonhole width w.
Press the
button to increase buttonhole width e.
The stitch width can be varied from 2.5 to 7.0 depending
on the selected buttonhole.
w
m
e
• Adjusting the stitch density
Press the cursor buttons
to move the cursor under
the stitch density value “0.4” q (default setting).
Press the
button to make the buttonhole stitch
denser w.
Press the
button to make the buttonhole stitch less
dense e.
The stitch density can be varied from 0.3 to 0.8
depending on the selected buttonhole.
w
.to
ew
s.
co
q
w
w
Round-End Buttonhole
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
w
q
e
Sewing procedure is the same as square buttonhole.
The stitch width can be varied from 2.5 to 5.5.
To change the stitch width or stitch density, refer to the
“Adjusting the stitch density” section above.
w
q
w
51
1 to 5
Automatic buttonhole foot R
Fine Fabric Buttonhole
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
52
1 to 5
Automatic buttonhole foot R
Sewing procedure is the same as square buttonhole.
The stitch width can be varied from 2.5 to 5.5.
To change the stitch width or density, refer to the
“Adjusting the stitch density” section above.
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29
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
q
w
Janome sewing machine
Stretch Buttonhole
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
53
1 to 5
Automatic buttonhole foot R
w
Antique Buttonhole
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
54
1 to 5
Automatic buttonhole foot R
co
q
m
The machine will sew the front bartack and left row first.
The machine will sew the back bartack and right row,
then it stops automatically.
The stitch width can be varied from 2.5 to 7.0.
The stitch density can be varied from 0.5 to 1.0.
To change the stitch width or stitch density, refer to page
29.
w
e
Keyhole Buttonhole
w
.to
q
ew
s.
The machine will sew the front bartack and left row first.
The machine will sew the back bartack and right row,
then it stops automatically.
The stitch width can be varied from 2.5 to 7.0.
The stitch density can be varied from 0.5 to 2.5.
To change the stitch width or stitch density, refer to page
29.
55
1 to 5
Automatic buttonhole foot R
Sewing procedure is the same as square buttonhole.
Use the seam ripper and an eyelet punch r to open the
buttonhole.
The stitch width can be varied from 5.5 to 7.0.
To change the stitch width or density, refer to page 29.
* An eyelet punch is an optional item.
w
w
r
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
r Eyelet punch
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30
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
w
q
Janome sewing machine
Corded Buttonhole
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
50
1 to 5
Automatic buttonhole foot R
z Use the same procedure as the square buttonhole
procedure.
Set the stitch width to match the thickness of the
cord used.
With the buttonhole foot raised, hook the filler cord on
the spur q at the back of the buttonhole foot.
Bring the ends toward you under the buttonhole foot,
clearing the front end.
Hook the filler cord into the forks w on the front of the
automatic buttonhole foot to hold them tight.
Lower the needle into the garment where the
buttonhole will start, and lower the foot.
q Spur
w Forks
m
z
co
q
s.
w
x Start the machine and sew the buttonhole.
Each side of the buttonhole and the bartacks will be
sewn over the cord.
Remove the fabric from the machine, and cut the
sewing threads only.
e Needle thread (top thread)
r Bobbin thread (bottom thread)
w
.to
ew
x
e
w
w
r
c Pull the loose ends of the filler cord to tight it.
Thread the end of the cord through a hand-sewing
needle. Then draw them to the wrong side of the
fabric and knot.
c
NOTE:
Cut the filler cord at both ends, if the filler cord is
stitched on the fabric and cannot be pulled.
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31
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
w
q
Janome sewing machine
Darning Stitch
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
zxcv
57
3 to 6
Automatic buttonhole foot R
• Starting to sew
z Pull the button holder q to the back.
x Place the garment under the foot. Press the needle
up/down button twice. Move the fabric to the
left to draw both threads under the foot.
c Lower the foot. Start the machine.
The machine will lock stitch, sew 16 rows of darning,
lock stitch again and stop automatically.
v Turn the fabric and repeat sewing.
The machine will trim the threads at the end of
sewing automatically if the thread cutter sign is
indicated on the LCD display (see page 7).
q Button holder
w Starting point
e 3/4˝ (2 cm)
r 9/32˝ (0.7 cm)
• Sewing a shorter darning
m
q
co
w
r
To sew a darning shorter than 3/4˝ (2 cm), first stop the
machine after sewing the required length y, then press
the reverse stitch button t.
The required length y has been determined.
Start the machine again and continue sewing until the
machine stops automatically.
t Reverse stitch button
y Required length
u Starting point
ew
w
s.
e
w
.to
y
t
w
u
• Adjusting the evenness of the darning
Correct the evenness of the darning as follows:
Press the cursor buttons
to move the cursor under
the value “d5” i (default setting).
When the right side of the darn is lower than the left side,
press the
button to set the value to “d6” ~ “d9”, and
make the darn even.
When the left side of the darn is lower than the right side,
press the
button to set the value to “d1” ~ “d4”, and
make the darn even.
w
i
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• Sewing a same-sized darning
Simply start the machine to sew another darning at the
same size.
32
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
q
w
Janome sewing machine
Tacking
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
58
3 to 6
Satin stitch foot F
Tacking is used to reinforce pockets, crotches and belt
carriers where extra strength is needed.
• Start sewing
Start the machine and sew until the machine stops
automtaically. The machine will sew a tacking 5/8˝
(1.5 cm) long.
q 5/8˝ (1.5 cm)
q
m
The machine will trim the threads at the end of sewing
automatically if the thread cutter sign is indicated on the
LCD display (see page 7).
• Sewing a shorter tack
* Set the speed control slider at low speed setting.
r
co
To sew a tack shorter than 5/8˝ (1.5 cm), first stop the
machine after sewing the required length w, then press
the reverse stitch button e.
The tack length r has been determined.
Start the machine again and continue sewing until the
machine stops automatically.
w Required length
e Reverse stitch button
r Tack length
t Starting point
r
e
ew
t
s.
w
• Sewing a same-size darning
Simply start the machine to sew another tack at the
same size.
w
Eyelet
e
q Stitch pattern:
59
w Needle thread tension: 1 to 4
e Presser foot:
Satin stitch foot F
The eyelet is used for belt holes etc.
w
w
w
.to
q
• Starting to sew
Attach the satin stitch foot F.
Start the machine. The machine will stop
automatically when completed.
The machine will trim the threads at the end of sewing
automatically if the thread cutter sign is indicated on the
LCD display (see page 7).
Open the eyelet with an awl, eyelet punch or pointed
scissors.
q
• Adjusting the shape of an eyelet
Correct the shape of the eyelet as follows:
Press the cursor buttons
to move the cursor under
the value “L3” (default setting) q.
If the eylet gap opens w, press the
button to make
the darn even. (L1~L2)
If the eylet overlaps e, press
button to make the darn
even. (L4~L5)
w
e
NOTE:
The shape can be adjusted within L1 to L5 (default
setting is L3).
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33
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
w
q
Janome sewing machine
Zipper Sewing
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
e
00
1 to 4
Zigzag foot A
Zipper foot E
• Attaching the zipper foot
Fit the pin on the zipper foot into the groove on the
foot holder.
• To sew the left side of the zipper, attach zipper foot with
the right-hand side of pin.
• To sew the right-side of zipper, attach zipper foot with
the left-hand side of pin.
q Groove
w Pin
e To sew left side
r To sew right side
r
q
t
w
y
r
ew
e
• Fabric preparation
Add 3/8˝ (1 cm) to the zipper length. This is the overall
opening size.
q Right side of the fabric
w 3/8˝ (1 cm)
e Opening size
r Zipper length
t Slider
y Zipper teeth
u Zipper tape
i Wrong side of the fabric
o End of the opening
s.
q
co
m
w
u
i
o
!0
w
.to
q
!1
!2
!3
w
w
!4
Place the right sides of the fabric together and sew up
to the end of the zipper opening, with a 13/16˝ (2 cm)
seam allowance. Reverse the stitch to fasten the
seam.
Attach the zigzag foot and baste along the zipper
opening with the stitch length 4.5.
!0 13/16˝ (2 cm)
!1 Zipper opening (Basting)
!22 Reverse stitches
!3 End of the opening
!4 Seam
NOTE:
Loosen the thread tension to one (1) for basting.
z
w
• Start sewing
z Fold up the upper seam allowance. Fold back the
bottom seam allowance to form a 1/8˝ (0.3 cm)
fold. Place the zipper teeth next to the fold and pin
it in place.
q Bottom fabric
w End of the zipper opening
e Zipper teeth
r 1/8˝ (0.3 cm)
t Wrong side of the upper fabric
y Opening size
u Fold
q
e
r
t
y
u
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34
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Zipper Sewing (continued)
x
x Attach the zipper foot with the pin on the right. Sew
through all the layers from the end of the zipper
opening, guiding the zipper teeth along the edge of
the foot.
c Stop the machine 2˝ (5 cm) before the foot reaches
the slider on the zipper tape. Lower the needle into
the fabric, and raise the foot. Open the zipper, then
lower the foot and stitch the remainder of the
seam.
i Slider
o 2˝ (5 cm)
c
m
i
co
o
v Close the zipper and open the upper fabric flat over
the zipper. Baste the upper fabric and zipper tape
together.
!0 Basting stitch
v
b Detach the foot and attach it with the pin on the
left. Backstitch across the end of opening 3/8˝ (1 cm).
Turn the fabric 90 degrees and stitch through the
garment and zipper tape.
!1 Backstitch
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b n
ew
s.
!0
n Stop the machine 2˝ (5 cm) before the foot reaches
the slider on the zipper tape. Lower the needle into
the fabric, and raise the foot. Remove the basting
stitches.
!2 Basting stitches
!1
w
w
!2
m Open the zipper, then lower the foot and stitch the
remainder of the seam.
After finished sewing, remove the basting stitches on
the upper fabric.
m
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35
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
w
q
z
Janome sewing machine
Blind Hemming
e
(1)
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
z Fold a hem with the wrong side of the fabric up to
form a 1/4˝ – 7/16˝ (0.4 – 0.7 cm) allowance.
q Wrong side of fabric
w 1/4˝ – 7/16˝ (0.4 – 0.7 cm)
(1) On heavyweight fabrics that tend to ravel, the raw
edge should be overcast first.
(2) Fold the hem under the fabric for lightweight
fabrics.
(2)
w
w
q
13 or 14
1 to 4
Blind Hem stitch foot G
m
q
x
co
x Place the fabric so that the fold is next to the guide on
the foot. Lower the presser foot. Adjust the needle
drop position if necessary. Sew while guiding the fold
along the guide.
e Fold
r Guide
ew
e
s.
r
c
w
w
w
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c Open the fabric after sewing is finished.
(2)
(1)
NOTE:
If the needle pierces too far left, the stitch will show
through on the right side of the fabric.
• Adjusting the needle drop position
Press the cursor buttons
to move the cursor under
the stitch width value “0.6” (default setting).
(1) Press the
button to move the needle drop position
to the right.
(2) Press the
button to move the needle drop position
to the left.
The LCD display shows the distance between the guide
and left needle drop position in millimeters.
The needle drop position can be varied from 0.0 to 1.2.
q Left needle drop position
w Guide
NOTE:
The needle drop position can be varied, but the stitch
width will remain the same.
w
q
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36
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
w
q
Janome sewing machine
Button Sewing
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
r Feed dog:
07
3 to 7
Satin stitch foot F
Dropped
r
z x c v b n
s.
co
m
z Lower the feed dog. Set the stitch length at 0.0.
x Match the holes of button to the horizontal slot on the
presser foot.
c Lower the foot to hold the button in place.
v Adjust the stitch width so the needle will enter the left
hole of the button.
b Turn the handwheel so that the needle will enter the
right hole of the button. Readjust the stitch width if
necessary.
n Stitch several times.
m ,
ew
m After you finish sewing, cut the thread but leave
3˝ to 4˝ of thread at the button.
, With a hand sewing needle, draw the top thread to
the reverse side of the fabric and knot the threads.
w
.to
* After the button sewing is completed, raise the feed
dogs for normal sewing.
SECTION IV. DECORATIVE STITCHING
w
w
e
Shelltuck Stitch
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
w
q
15
6 to 8
Satin stitch foot F
Use a lightweight fabric (tricot, for example). Fold the
fabric as shown and stitch on the fold. Allow the needle
to just clear the folded edge to create a shelled edge.
You may need to increase the needle thread tension
slightly.
If you sew rows of shell stitches, space the rows at least
5/8˝ (1.5 cm) apart. You can also sew shell stitches on
knits or soft silky woven fabrics, in any direction.
www.toews.com
37
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
q
w
e
Janome sewing machine
Applique
r
q Stitch pattern:
w Needle thread tension:
e Presser foot:
r Presser foot pressure dial:
17 or 18
1 to 4
Satin stitch foot F
3
* The stitch width of pattern 17 can be changed without
changing its center needle position.
* The stitch width of pattern 18 can be changed without
changing its left needle position.
q
m
Place an applique on the fabric and baste or pin it in
place.
Reduce the foot pressure.
Sew while guiding the fabric so the needle falls along the
outer edge of the applique.
q Applique
w Outer edge
co
w
• Adjusting the stitch width
Select pattern 17.
Press the cursor buttons
to move the cursor under
the stitch width value “3.5” e (default setting).
Press the
button to decrease the stitch width r.
Press the
button to increase the stitch width t.
The stitch width will be varied base on the centered
needle drop position y.
e Stitch width (3.5)
r Stitch pattern 17 (stitch width decreased)
t Stitch pattern 17 (stitch width increased)
y Center needle drop position
y
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r
ew
s.
e
w
e
Scallop Stitch
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
w
q
w
t
41
3 to 6
Zigzag foot A
Sew the stitches approximately 3/8˝ (1 cm) inside the
edge of the fabric.
Trim the outside of the stitches as shown. Make sure
you don’t cut the thread.
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38
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
w
q
Janome sewing machine
Smocking
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
47
3 to 6
Satin stitch foot F
Custom crafted zigzag foot F2
Smocking is a delicate decorative treatment used on
children’s clothes or women’s blouses.
Choose a soft and lightweight fabric such as batiste,
gingham or challis. Cut the fabric three times wider than
the projected width. Set stitch length at “5.0” and sew
rows of straight stitches 3/8˝ (1.0 cm) apart across the
area to be smocked.
NOTE:
Pull up the bobbin thread and draw a 4˝~6˝ thread tail to
the back before start sewing.
Knot the threads along one edge q. From the other
edge, pull the bobbin threads (bottom threads) to
distribute the gathers w evenly.
Sew the smocking stitches between the gathered rows.
Remove the straight stitches by pulling them out.
q Knotted edge
w Gathers
w
co
m
q
Patchwork Piecing
s.
w
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
ew
q
z Place the patchwork pieces right sides together.
Select stitch pattern 30. Sew while guiding the
edge of the fabric along the guide on the foot to keep
a precise 1/4˝ seam allowance.
w
.to
z
q Wrong side of fabric
w Right side of fabric
w
q
x Select stitch pattern 37.
Replace the presser foot to Zigzag foot A.
w
w
xc
w
30 and 37
3 to 6
1/4˝ seam foot O
Zigzag foot A
c Press the seam allowance to open.
Sew stitch pattern 37 on the right side of the
garment centering over the seam line.
w
* Stitch patterns 33, 35, 36, 37, 40
also be used.
can
• Angle scale on the needle plate
You can easily seam patchwork pieces at the desired
angles without marking, by using the unique angle
scales on the needle plate.
The angle scales are marked at 45, 60, 90 and 120
degrees.
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39
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
q
w
Janome sewing machine
Quilting
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
38
3 to 6
Satin stitch foot F
Custom crafted zigzag foot F2
* Stitch patterns 31, 39 or 42 can also be used.
w
Fagoting
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
43
3 to 6
Satin stitch foot F
w
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ew
s.
q
co
m
The quilt stitch adds a three dimensional effect when
outlining designs.
w
Satin Stitches
e
q Stitch pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
23
3 to 6
Satin stitch foot F
Custom crafted zigzag foot F2
* Stitch patterns 20, 21, 22, 24 and 25 can also be used.
w
q
w
w
q
Use this stitch to join two pieces of fabric to create an
open work appearance and add design interest.
Fold under each fabric edge 5/8˝ (1.5 cm) and press. Pin
the two edges to paper or tear backing 1/8˝ (0.3 ~ 0.4 cm)
apart. Sew slowly, guiding the fabric so the needle
catches the folded edge on each side.
After finishing the sewing, take off the paper.
q 1/8˝ (0.3~0.4 cm)
w Paper
For better sewing results, interfacing should be used on
the wrong side of the fabric when you use stretch or
elastic fabrics.
Press the auto-lock button to finish the end of the
pattern.
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40
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
q
w
Janome sewing machine
Cross Stitch
e
q Stitch Pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
46
3 to 6
Satin stitch foot F
Custom crafted zigzag foot F2
* Stitch pattern 48 can also be used.
You can make cross stitch designs with these patterns,
in half the time it would take if embroidered by hand.
w
e
Decorative Stitches
q Stitch Pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
26
3 to 6
Satin stitch foot F
Custom crafted zigzag foot F2
* Stitch patterns 27~29 and 44~45 can also be used.
w
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q
ew
s.
co
m
* If you press the auto lock button before sewing, the
machine will sew one unit of the cross stitch and stop
automatically.
w
w
For the best sewing results, carefully align and guide the
fabric when you sew with decorative stitches.
Use a tear-way backing if necessary.
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41
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
q
w
Janome sewing machine
Decorative Stitch Combinations
e
q Stitch Pattern:
w Thread tension dial:
e Presser foot:
To combine two units of pattern 25 and 27.
z Sew pattern 25 and press the auto-lock button while
sewing the second unit. The machine will stop
automatically when the second unit is completed.
q Auto-lock button
z
x
x Select stitch pattern 27. Press the auto-lock button
and start sewing.
q
m
c
25 and 27
3 to 6
Satin stitch foot F
Custom crafted zigzag foot F2
c Machine will sew one unit of pattern 27 and stop
automatically.
s.
co
v Repeat the procedure above.
Correcting Distorted Stitch Patterns
ew
The sewing results of the stretch patterns may vary
depending upon the sewing conditions, such as sewing
speed, type of the fabric, number of layers etc.
Always test sew on a scrap piece of the fabric that you
wish to use.
If stretch patterns are distorted, correct it with the feed
balancing dial.
w
w
.to
q
q Feed balancing dial
Stretch stitch pattern
If the pattern is compressed, turn the feed balancing dial
in the direction of “+”.
If the pattern is drawn out, turn the feed balancing dial in
the direction of “–”.
w
Stitch balance of buttonholes 54
If the right row is denser, turn the feed balancing dial in
the direction of “+”.
If the left row is denser, turn the feed balancing dial in the
direction of “–”.
Evenness of tacking
If the stitch does not meet start position, turn the feed
balancing dial in the direction of “+”.
If the stitch does not meet return position, turn the feed
balancing dial in the direction of “–”.
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42
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
SECTION V. CARE OF YOUR MACHINE
Cleaning the Hook Race and Feed Dog
z
WARNING:
q
• Turn the power switch off and unplug the machine
before cleaning.
• Do not dismantle the machine other than as explained
in this section.
e
w
CAUTION:
Do not store the machine in a high-humidity area, near
a heat radiator, or in direct sunlight.
x
m
NOTE:
Clean the outside of the machine with a soft cloth and
neutral soap.
After cleaning the machine, make sure the needle and
presser foot are attached.
y
c
Press the needle up/down button to raise the needle,
then unplug the sewing machine.
Remove the needle and presser foot.
Remove the cover plate by sliding the cover plate
release button to the right. Take out the bobbin. Brush
out dust and lint. (You may also use a vacuum cleaner.)
z Remove the setscrews w on the left hand side of the
needle plate e with the screwdriver key q supplied
with the machine. Remove the needle plate e.
x Lift up the bobbin holder y and remove it.
c Clean the bobbin holder y with a lint brush.
v Clean the feed dog u, thread cutter mechanism t
and hook race i with the lint brush.
b Clean the center of the hook race with a dry cloth.
co
r
y
r
v
ew
s.
u
t
q Screwdriver key
w Setscrews
e Needle plate
r Lint brush
t Thread cutter mechanism
y Bobbin holder
u Feed dog
i Hook race
* You may also use a vacuum cleaner.
* The machine does not require oiling.
w
.to
b
w
i
Installing the Bobbin Holder
x
w
z Insert the bobbin holder q so that the knob e fits
next to the stopper w in the hook race.
x Insert the bobbin.
c Attach the needle plate with the setscrews t.
After cleaning the machine, make sure the needle
and presser foot are attached.
w
z
e
q Bobbin holder
w Stopper
e Knob
r Screwdriver key
t Setscrews
q
c
r
t
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43
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Problems and Warning Signs
Warning sign
Try this
The machine will not sew with the start/stop button
because the foot control is connected.
Disconnect the foot control
and start the machine.
A buttonhole is sewn without lowering the
buttonhole lever.
Lower the buttonhole lever
and restart the machine.
m
Cause
Move the bobbin winder
spindle to the left.
co
The bobbin winder spindle is moved to the right.
Wait for at least 15 seconds to
restart. If threads are
jamming, remove the
jammed threads.
ew
s.
The machine is restarted too soon after it has
halted due to the overload.
Audible signal
w
.to
Auto thread cutting error due to a problem in
the electronic components or tangled in
hook area.
Remove the jammed
threads in the hook area.
If the error occurs again
after cleaning the hook
area, contact the service
center or the store from
where the machine was
purchased.
The buzzer sounds when:
Normal operation
w
Pip
Invalid operation
Pip-pip-peep
Buttonhole sewing completed
Peep
Malfunction
w
Pip-pip-pip
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44
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
Janome sewing machine
Troubleshooting
Condition
Reference
Cause
The needle thread
1. The needle thread is not threaded properly.
See page 13, 14
breaks.
2. The needle thread tension is too tight.
See page 17, 18
3. The needle is bent or blunt.
See page 9
4. The needle is incorrectly inserted.
See page 9
5. The needle thread and the bobbin thread are not set under the
See page 19
presser foot when start sewing.
breaks.
See page 19
7. The thread is either too heavy or too fine for the needle.
See page 9
1. The bobbin thread is not threaded properly in the bobbin holder.
See page 12
2. Lint has collected in the bobbin holder.
See page 43
3. The bobbin is damaged and doesn’t turn smoothly.
Replace the bobbin.
m
The bobbin thread
6. The threads were not drawn to the rear after sewing.
4. The thread is wound loosely on a bobbin.
1. The needle is incorrectly inserted.
2. The needle clamp screw is loose.
3. The threads were not drawn to the rear after sewing.
See page 19
4. The needle is too fine for the fabric being used.
See page 9
5. The presser foot is not appropriate for the stitch pattern being sewn.
Change the presser foot.
1. The needle is incorrectly inserted, bent or blunt.
See page 9
2. The needle and/or threads are not suitable for the work being sewn.
See page 9
3. A Blue Tipped needle is not being used for sewing stretch, very fine
See page 9
ew
fabrics and synthetics.
4. The needle thread is not threaded properly.
See page 13, 14
5. A poor quality needle is used.
Change the needle.
1. The needle thread tension is too tight.
See page 17, 18
2. The needle thread is not threaded properly.
See page 13
w
.to
Seam puckering
See page 9
s.
Skipped stitches
See page 9
co
The needle breaks.
See page 11
3. The needle is too heavy for the fabric being sewn.
See page 9
4. The stitch length is too long for the fabric.
Make the stitches shorter.
1. The feed dog is packed with lint.
See page 43
2. The stitches are too fine.
Make the stitches longer.
3. The feed dog is not raised after “drop feed” sewing.
See page 9
Stitches form loops
1. The needle thread tension is too loose.
See page 17, 18
below the works.
2. The needle is either too heavy or too fine for the thread.
See page 9
1. The machine is not plugged in.
See page 4
2. Thread has been caught in the hook race.
See page 43
3. The bobbin winder spindle is not returned to the left after bobbin
See page 11
The cloth is not
w
feeding smoothly.
The machine does not
w
work.
winding.
Buttonhole sewing is
1. The stitch density is not suitable for the fabric being sewn.
See page 29
not sewn properly.
2. Suitable interface material has not been used for the stretch or
Use an interfacing.
synthetic fabric.
The machine does not
1. Thread has been caught in the hook race.
See page 43
run smoothly and is
2. Lint has built up in the hook race or bobbin holder.
See page 43
noisy.
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45
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User Guide
Janome sewing machine
w
w
w
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s.
co
m
Janome 3160QDC Instruction Manual
808-800-006(Eng)
www.toews.com
Printed
3160QDC Owners Manual/ User
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