Press here for information on what to do during and after a boil water

What to Do During and After a
Boil Water Order
Boil water orders are issued when harmful microbes, like E.coli bacteria or Giardia parasites,
may be present in a drinking water supply. Consuming water contaminated with these microbes
can make you, your family and your pets very sick. Boiling water will kill these microbes and
make the water safe to drink.
How do I use water when a boil water order has been issued?
The water should NOT be used for:
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drinking
cooking
making infant formula and juices
making ice
washing fruits and vegetables
brushing teeth

filling wading pools
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drinking by pets
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For these purposes you can use boiled water, bottled water or water from another public water
supply not affected by the order. Discard all ice made previously and sanitize the ice cube trays
(see the top of page 3 on how to sanitize). Make ice using cooled water that was previously
boiled.
What should I do if I am immune-compromised?
Follow the advice of your physician and dietician. You may be advised to use boiled or bottled
water for drinking and cooking even when a boil water order has not been issued.
How do I boil water properly?
The water should be brought to a rolling boil for at least one minute. Be careful not to burn
yourself or your children. Boil only as much water as you can comfortably lift without spilling and
place the pot on the back burner.
Can I use bottled water or buy water from self-serve water dispensers?
It depends on when and how the water was bottled. Bottling plants and/or water dispensers that
use local water must treat the water to remove the harmful microbes. Check with Alberta Health
Services for information about bottled water brands or water dispensers that would have the
necessary treatment so the water is safe to drink. Water bottled from another public water supply
not affected by the order is also safe to use.
Is the water safe for drinking or cooking if I have a water filtration device installed?
No. Many water filtration devices do not remove disease-causing microbes. You should check
with the manufacturer to find out what your filtration device removes.
PERSONAL HYGIENE DURING THE BOIL WATER ORDER
Can I wash my hands?
Yes. Wash hands using tap water and soap making sure to lather for a minimum of 20 seconds.
Rinse hands well with running water and dry them with paper towel. Use an alcohol-based hand
sanitizer containing more than 60% alcohol after drying your hands.
Can I take a bath or shower?
Healthy adults may take baths and showers, but be careful not to swallow any water. Older
children may be given a shower using a hand-held showerhead, but avoid their face. Infants and
young children should be given a sponge bath to ensure they do not drink any water. People with
open wounds, cuts, blisters or recent surgical wounds should use boiled or bottled water, or
water from a safe source to prevent infections.
Can I brush my teeth?
No. Use boiled water that has cooled, bottled water or water from another safe source to brush
your teeth.
Can I wash my laundry?
Yes. Continue doing laundry as you normally do.
FOOD PREPARATION DURING THE BOIL WATER ORDER
Can I drink coffee made with untreated water?
If your coffeemaker heats water to 70°C or hotter, most microbes will be killed. Test the coffee
temperature using a thermometer. Let the coffee sit in the pot for at least 5 minutes before you
drink it. If your coffee maker does not heat the water to at least 70°C, use bottled or boiled water
for making coffee.
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Can I wash my dishes by hand?
Yes. Wash and rinse the dishes as usual using hot water. Then sanitize the dishes, which means
reduce the microbes on the dishes to a safe level:

By soaking the rinsed dishes for at least two minutes in a bleach solution. Mix 2 teaspoons
(10 ml) of liquid unscented bleach (5.25% sodium hypochlorite) into 20 cups (5 liters) of warm
water. Let the dishes air dry completely, or
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By soaking the rinsed dishes in boiled water that is at least 77°C for two minutes. Let dishes
air dry completely.
Can I use my dishwasher?
If your dishwasher has a hot temperature setting or sanitizer cycle, and is working properly, it can
safely clean and sanitize your dishes. If your dishwasher does not have a hot temperature/
sanitize setting, sanitize your cleaned dishes after running them through the dishwasher by either
of the methods described above.
How do I sanitize counter tops, cutting boards and other kitchen surfaces?
Kitchen surfaces should be washed with soap, rinsed and sanitized using the bleach solution.
Prepare the bleach solution every day so it can effectively remove microbes. Bleach breaks
down quickly once it is mixed with water.
WHAT TO DO AFTER THE BOIL WATER ORDER
Once the boil water order has been lifted, water pipes, water treatment devices, plumbed
appliances and water storage facilities need to be thoroughly flushed, cleaned and sanitized. For
example:
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Run cold water faucets for at least one minute before using them. If you live in an apartment
building or similar complex, you may need to flush for more than one minute.
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Ensure that appliances with water line connections, like refrigerators with water and ice
dispensers, are flushed, cleaned and sanitized according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
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Disinfect any water filtration devices and run water softeners through a regeneration cycle,
according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
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Drain and refill hot water heaters set below 45°C.
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Flush, drain, clean and sanitize cisterns.
Questions?
Call Health Link Alberta 1.866.408.5465
2EPHW-12-001
Created: Jun/12
www.albertahealthservices.ca/eph.asp
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