Heraeus Megafuge 16 and Heraeus Megafuge 16R Centrifuges

Thermo Fisher Scientific
Heraeus Megafuge 16
Heraeus Megafuge 16R
Instruction manual
50120972-5
June 2011
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T
Table of Contents
Preface ....................................................................................................................................... iii
Scope of Supply ....................................................................................................................... iii
Intended Use ............................................................................................................................. iii
Accident Prevention .................................................................................................................iv
Precautions ................................................................................................................................iv
Thermo Scientific
Chapter 1
Introduction and Description ............................................................................................... 1-1
Characteristics ......................................................................................................... 1-2
Technical Data ........................................................................................................ 1-3
Directives, Standards and Guidelines ........................................................................... 1-4
Functions and Features ............................................................................................................ 1-5
Mains Supply ........................................................................................................... 1-5
Rotor Selection ........................................................................................................ 1-6
Chapter 2
Before use ............................................................................................................................... 2-1
Before Setting up ..................................................................................................... 2-2
Transporting the Centrifuge .................................................................................... 2-2
Location .................................................................................................................. 2-2
Aligning the Centrifuge ........................................................................................... 2-3
Mains Connection ................................................................................................... 2-3
Storage ..................................................................................................................... 2-4
Chapter 3
Control Panel .......................................................................................................................... 3-1
Control Panel .......................................................................................................... 3-2
Keys ......................................................................................................................... 3-2
Chapter 4
Operation ................................................................................................................................. 4-1
Switch on Centrifuge ............................................................................................... 4-2
Lid Opening ............................................................................................................ 4-2
Close Lid ................................................................................................................. 4-2
Rotor Installation ..................................................................................................... 4-2
Entering Parameters ................................................................................................. 4-4
Saving programs ...................................................................................................... 4-6
Centrifugation ......................................................................................................... 4-7
Temperature Adaptation during Standstill ............................................................... 4-8
Short-term Centrifugation ....................................................................................... 4-8
Removing the Rotor ................................................................................................ 4-8
Aerosol-tight Rotors ................................................................................................. 4-9
Aligning the Centrifuge ........................................................................................... 4-9
Megafuge 16 / 16R
i
Table of Contents
Chapter 5
System Menu .......................................................................................................................... 5-1
Description .............................................................................................................. 5-2
Chapter 6
Maintenance and Care ......................................................................................................... 6-1
Cleaning Intervalls ................................................................................................... 6-2
Cleaning .................................................................................................................. 6-2
Disinfection ............................................................................................................. 6-3
Decontamination ..................................................................................................... 6-4
Autoclaving .............................................................................................................. 6-5
Service of Thermo Fisher Scientific .......................................................................... 6-5
Chapter 7
Trouble Shooting .................................................................................................................... 7-1
Mechanical Emergency Door Release ...................................................................... 7-2
Troubleshooting by User ......................................................................................... 7-3
When to contact Customer Service .......................................................................... 7-5
Chemical Compatibility Chart ..............................................................................A-1
Contact Information ................................................................................................B-1
ii
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
P
Preface
Before starting to use the centrifuge, read through this instruction manual carefully and follow the
instructions.
The information contained in this instruction manual is the property of Thermo Fisher Scientific; it is
forbidden to copy or pass on this information without explicit approval.
Failure to follow the instructions and safety information in this instruction manual will result in the
expiration of the sellers warranty.
Scope of Supply
Article Number
Quantity
Zentrifuge Heraeus Megafuge 16/16R
1
Power supply cable
1
50120972
Instruction manual
1
70009824
Anti-corrosion oil
1
Check
If any parts are missing, please contact your nearest Thermo Fisher Scientific representative.
Intended Use
• This centrifuge is an IVD accessory, and therefore subject to the Directive 98/79/EC of the
European Parliament and the Council of October 27, 1998 on in vitro diagnostic medical devices.
• This centrifuge is a laboratory product designed to separate components by generation of Relative
Centrifugal Force. It separates human samples (e.g. blood, urine and other body fluids) collected
in appropriate containers, either alone or after addition of reagents or other additives.
• As general-purpose centrifuge, it is designed to also run other containers filled with chemicals,
environmental samples and other non-human body samples.
• This centrifuge should be operated by trained specialists only.
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
iii
Preface
Accident Prevention
Prerequisite for the safe operation of the Heraeus Megafuge 16/16R is a work environment in
compliance with standards, directives and trade association safety regulations and proper instruction of
the user.
The safety regulations contain the following basic recommendations:
• Maintain a radius of at least 30 cm around the centrifuge.
• Implementation of special measures which ensure that no one can approach the centrifuge for
longer than absolutely necessary while it is running.
• The mains plug must be freely accessible at all times. Pull out the power supply plug or disconnect
the power supply in an emergency.
Precautions
In order to ensure safe operation of the Heraeus Megafuge 16/16R, the following general safety
regulations must be followed:
• Do not manipulate the safety devices.
• The centrifuge should be operated by trained specialists only.
• The centrifuge is to be used for its intended use only.
• Plug the centrifuge only into sockets which have been properly grounded.
• Do not move the centrifuge while it is running.
• Do not lean on the centrifuge.
• Use only rotors and accessories for this centrifuge which have been approved by Thermo Fisher
Scientific. Exceptions to this rule are commercially available glass or plastic centrifuge tubes,
provided they have been approved for the speed or the RCF value of the rotor.
• Do not use rotors which show any signs of corrosion and/or cracks.
• Do not touch the mechanical components of the rotor and do not make any changes to the
mechanical components.
• Use only with rotors which have been properly installed. Follow the instructions on the Autolock
in section “Rotor Installation” on page 4-2.
• Use only with rotors which have been loaded properly. Follow the instructions given in the rotor
manual.
• Never overload the rotor. Follow the instructions given in the rotor manual.
• Never start the centrifuge when the lid is open.
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Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
Preface
• Never open the lid until the rotor has come to a complete stop and this has been confirmed in the
display.
• The lid emergency release may be used in emergencies only to recover the samples from the
centrifuge, e.g. during a power failure (see section “Mechanical Emergency Door Release” on
page 7-2).
• Never use the centrifuge if parts of its cover panels are damaged or missing.
• Do not touch the electronic components of the centrifuge or alter any electronic or mechanical
components.
• Please observe the safety instructions.
Please pay particular attention to the following aspects:
• Location: well-ventilated environment, set-up on a level and rigid surface with adequate load-bearing
capacity.
• Rotor installation: make sure the rotor is locked properly into place before operating the
centrifuge.
• Especially when working with corrosive samples (salt solutions, acids, bases), the accessory parts
and vessel have to be cleaned carefully.
• Always balance the samples.
Centrifuging hazardous substances:
• Do not centrifuge explosive or flammable materials or substances which could react violently with
one another.
• The centrifuge is neither inert nor protected against explosion. Never use the centrifuge in an
explosion-prone environment.
• Do not centrifuge inflammable substances.
• Do not centrifuge toxic or radioactive materials or any pathogenic micro-organisms without
suitable safety precautions.
When centrifuging microbiological samples from the Risk Group II (according to the Bio-safety
Manual" of the World Health Organization WHO), aerosol-tight biological seals have to be used.
For materials in a higher risk group, extra safety measures have to be taken.
• If toxins or pathogenic substances have gotten into the centrifuge or its parts, appropriate
disinfection measures have to be taken (see “Disinfection” on page 6-3).
• Highly corrosive substances which can cause material damage and impair the mechanical stability
of the rotor, should only be centrifuged in corresponding protective tubes.
IF A HAZARDOUS SITUATION OCCURS, TURN OFF THE POWER SUPPLY TO THE
CENTRIFUGE AND LEAVE THE AREA IMMEDIATELY.
Intended Use
The centrifuge is to be used for separating materials of different density or particle size suspended in a
liquid.
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
v
Preface
g
Maximum sample density at maximum speed: 1,2 ----ml
This symbol refers to general hazards.
CAUTION means that material damage could occur.
WARNING means that injuries or material damage or contamination could occur.
This symbol refers to biological hazards.
Observe the information contained in the instruction manual to keep yourself and your
environment safe.
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Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
1
Introduction and Description
Contents
• “Characteristics” on page 1-2
• “Technical Data” on page 1-3
• “Directives, Standards and Guidelines” on page 1-4
• “Functions and Features” on page 1-5
• “Mains Supply” on page 1-5
• “Rotor Selection” on page 1-6
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
1-1
1
Introduction and Description
Characteristics
Characteristics
The Heraeus Megafuge 16/16R is an in-vitro diagnostics device according to the In-Vitro Diagnostics
Directive 98/79/EC.
Several rotors with a wide range of tubes can be used.
The set speed is reached within seconds. The maintenance-free induction motor ensures quiet and
low-vibration operation even at high speeds, and guarantees a very long lifetime.
The user-friendly control panel makes it easy to pre-set the speed, RCF value, running time,
temperature, and running profile (acceleration and braking curves). You can choose between the
display of speed and RCF or the entry mode.
These settings can be changed even while the centrifuge is running.
With the help of the PULSE key
for.
, you can also centrifuge a sample for just a few seconds, if called
The Heraeus Megafuge 16/16R is equipped with various safety features:
• The housing and rotor chamber consist of steel plate, the interior of armour steel, while the front
panel is made of high-impact resistant plastic.
• The lid is equipped with a view port and a lock.
• The lid of the centrifuge can only be opened while the centrifuge is switched on and the rotor has
come to a complete stop. The centrifuge cannot be started until the lid has been closed properly.
• The integrated rotor detection systems ensures that no inadmissible speed settings can be
preselected.
• Electronic imbalance recognition
• Lid emergency release: For emergencies only, e.g. during power failures (see “Mechanical
Emergency Door Release” on page 7-2)
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Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
1
Introduction and Description
Technical Data
Technical Data
The technical data of the Heraeus Megafuge 16/16R is listed in the following table.
Table 1-1. Technical Data Heraeus Megafuge 16/16R
Feature
Value
Environmental conditions
-Use in interior spaces
-Altitudes of up to 2,000 m above sea level
-max. relative humidity 80 % up to 31 °C; decreasing linearly up to 50 %
relative humidity at 40 °C.
permissible ambient temperature
+2 °C to +35 °C
+2 °C to +35 °C
Overvoltage category
II
II
Pollution degree
2
2
Heat dissipation
refrigerated
ventilated
230V
120V
230V
120V
4778 BTU/h
4096 BTU/h
3447 BTU/h
3901 BTU/h
IP
20
20
running time
unlimited
unlimited
max Speed nmax
15200 rpm (depending on the rotor)
15200 rpm (depending on the rotor)
min Speed nmin
300 rpm
300 rpm
maximum RCF value at nmax
25830xg
25830xg
maximum kinetic energy
62.5 kJ
51.7 kJ
noise level at maximum speed
< 63 dB (A)
< 63 dB (A)
temperature setting range
-10 °C to +40 °C
Dimensions
refrigerated
ventilated
360 mm
870 mm
623 mm
605 mm
310 mm
360 mm
870 mm
440 mm
605 mm
310 mm
91.5 kg
57.5 kg
Height
Height with lid open
Width
Depth
Table top height
weight without rotor
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
1-3
1
Introduction and Description
Directives, Standards and Guidelines
Directives, Standards and Guidelines
Table 1-2. Directives, Standards and Guidelines
Tension /
Frequency
230V 50/60Hz
Produced and inspected according to the following standards
and guidelines
2006/95/EC Low Voltage Directive:
EN 61010-1, 2nd Edition
2006/42/EC & 98/37/EC Machine Directive:
EN 61010-2-020, 2nd Edition
2004/108/EC EMC Directive
EN 61010-2-101
98/79/EC In-vitro-Diagnostika (IvD)
EN 61326-1
EN 61326-2-6
EN 55,011B
EN 61000-6-2
EN ISO 13485
230V 60Hz
UL 61010-1, 2nd Edition
120V 60Hz
CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 61010-1, 2nd Edition
100V 60Hz
IEC 61010-2-20, 2nd Edition
(Pollution degree 2, Overvoltage category II)
ICE 61010-2-101
Emitted interference FCC Part 15 CLASS A
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in
a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case
the user will be required to correct the interference at his own
expense.
100V 50Hz
IEC 61010-1 2nd Edition
IEC 61010-2-020 2nd Edition
IEC 61010-2-101
EN 61326-1
EN 61326-2-6
EN 55011A
EN 61000-6-2
EN ISO 13485
1-4
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
1
Introduction and Description
Functions and Features
Functions and Features
The following table gives an overview of the important functional and performance characteristics of
the Heraeus Megafuge 16/16R.
Table 1-3. Functions and Features
Component / Function
Description / Features
Structure / Housing
Galvanized steel chassis with armoured plating
Chamber
Stainless steel
Drive
Induction drive without carbon brushes
Keys and display
Easy-to-clean keypad and display surface
Controls
Microprocessor-controlled
Internal memory
The most recent data is saved
Functions
RCF-selection, temperature control, pretemp with cooling equipped
devices
Acceleration / braking profiles
9 acceleration and 10 braking curves
Rotor recognition
Automatic
Imbalance recognition
Electronic, contingent on rotor and speed
Lid lock
Automatic lid closing and locking starting from an initial hold
position
Mains Supply
The following table contains an overview of the electrical connection data for the Heraeus Megafuge
16/16R. This data is to be taken into consideration when selecting the mains connection socket.
Table 1-4. Electrical connection data of the Heraeus Megafuge 16/16R.
Cat.
Mains
voltage
Frequency
Rated
current
Power
consumption
Equipment fuse
Building fuse
7500 4270
refrigerated
230 V
50 / 60 Hz
8A
1400 W
15 AT
16 AT
7500 4271
refrigerated
120 V
60 Hz
12 A
1200 W
15 AT
15 AT
7500 4230
ventilated
230 V
50 / 60 Hz
6A
1010 W
15 AT
16 AT
7500 4231
ventilated
120 V
60 Hz
9,5 A
850 W
15 AT
15 AT
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
1-5
1
Introduction and Description
Rotor Selection
Rotor Selection
The Heraeus Megafuge 16/16R is supplied without a rotor.
Various rotors are available to choose from.
TX-400
7500 3629
with round buckets
TX-200
7500 3655
7500 3658
with round buckets
BIOShield
TM
720
7500 3659
7500 3621
M-20
7500 3624
Microliter 30x2 sealed
7500 3652
CLINIConicTM 30x15
7500 3623
8x50 sealed
7500 3694
FIBERLiteTM F15-6x100
7500 3698
TM
7500 3620
HIGHConic
II
The technical data of the rotors and the corresponding adapters and reduction sleeves for various
commercially available containers can be found in the corresponding rotor operating manuals.
For more information visit our website at: http://www.thermo.com
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Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
2
Before use
Contents
• “Before Setting up” on page 2-2
• “Transporting the Centrifuge” on page 2-2
• “Location” on page 2-2
• “Aligning the Centrifuge” on page 2-3
• “Mains Connection” on page 2-3
• “Storage” on page 2-4
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
2-1
2
Before use
Before Setting up
Before Setting up
1. Check the centrifuge and the packaging for any shipping damage.
Inform the shipping company and Thermo Fisher Scientific immediately if any damage is
discovered.
2. Remove the packaging.
3. Check the order for completeness (see “Scope of Supply” on page iii).
If the order is incomplete, please contact Thermo Fisher Scientific.
Transporting the Centrifuge
• Due to its weight (see “Technical Data” on page 1-3), the centrifuge should be carried by several
people.
• Always lift the centrifuge at both sides.
Figure 2-1. Lifting the centrifuge at both sides.
• The centrifuge can be damaged by impacts.
• Transport the centrifuge upright and if at all possible in its packaging.
WARNING Always lift the centrifuge on both sides. Never lift the centrifuge by its front
or the back panel.
Always remove the rotor before moving the centrifuge.
Location
The centrifuge should only be operated indoors.
The set-up location must fulfil the following requirements:
• A safety zone of at least 30 cm must be maintained around the centrifuge.
People and hazardous substances must be kept out of the safety zone while centrifuging.
• The supporting structure must be stable and free of resonance, for example a level laboratory
bench.
• The supporting structure must be suitable for horizontal setup of the centrifuge.
2-2
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
2 Before use
Aligning the Centrifuge
• The centrifuge should not be exposed to heat and strong sunlight.
WARNING UV rays reduce the stability of plastics.
Do not subject the centrifuge, rotors and plastic accessories to direct sunlight.
• The set-up location must be well-ventilated at all times.
Aligning the Centrifuge
The horizontal alignment of the centrifuge must be checked every time after moving it to a different
location.
The supporting structure must be suitable for horizontal setup of the centrifuge.
CAUTION If the centrifuge isn’t level, imbalances can occur and the centrifuge can be
damaged.
Do not place anything under the feet to level the centrifuge.
Mains Connection
Main Power Switch
Mains plug
Figure 2-2. Mains Connection
1. Turn off the power supply switch on the back (press "0").
2. Plug the centrifuge into grounded electrical sockets only.
3. Check whether the cable complies with the safety standards of your country.
4. Make sure that the voltage and frequency correspond to the figures on the rating plate.
5. Establish the connection to the power supply with the connecting cable.
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
2-3
2
Before use
Storage
Storage
• Before storing the centrifuge and the accesories it must be cleanedand if necessary desinfected and
decontaminated.
• Store the centrifuge in a clean, dust-free location.
• Be sure to place the centrifuge on its feet.
• Avoid direct sunlight.
2-4
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
3
Control Panel
Contents
• “Control Panel” on page 3-2
• “Keys” on page 3-2
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
3-1
3
Control Panel
Control Panel
Control Panel
The control panel contains the keys and displays of the centrifuge (only the power switch is located on
the back of the device). All parameters can be selected and changed during operation.
Acceleration curve
Program selection keys Speed / RCF Value
running time Temperature
Changing the display mode
Speed / RCF Value
Prewarming or Precooling
Braking curve Bucket selection
Bucket key
PULSE key
OPEN key
START key
STOP key
Keys
The keys allow user intervention for controlling the operating mode as follows:
Key
Display contents
Normal start of the centrifuge
Start
End run manually
Stop
Open lid
Automatic release (possible only when device is switched on). Emergency
release (see “Mechanical Emergency Door Release” on page 7-2)
Pulse
By pressing the PULSE key the centrifuge starts immediately and accelerates
up to the end speed. Releasing the key initiates a stopping process at the
highest braking curves.
Use the arrow keys in order to modify the displayed value
Change Value
Press the snow symbol key for prewarming or precooling the centrifuge.
Snow Symbol
Changing the
display mode
3-2
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Use the Change key to change the display mode. (Speed / RCF Value)
Thermo Scientific
4
Operation
Contents
• “Switch on Centrifuge” on page 4-2
• “Lid Opening” on page 4-2
• “Close Lid” on page 4-2
• “Rotor Installation” on page 4-2
• “Entering Parameters” on page 4-4
• “Saving programs” on page 4-6
• “Centrifugation” on page 4-7
• “Temperature Adaptation during Standstill” on page 4-8
• “Short-term Centrifugation” on page 4-8
• “Removing the Rotor” on page 4-8
• “Aligning the Centrifuge” on page 4-9
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
4-1
4
Operation
Switch on Centrifuge
Switch on Centrifuge
1. Turn on the power switch on the back of the device.
The device performs a self-check of its software.
a. When the centrifuge lid is closed the following display shows:
The speed and time displays read 0. The temperature indicator displays the current
temperature inside the rotor chamber. The preset acceleration and braking curves and the
selected bucket are also displayed.
b. When the centrifuge lid is open the following display shows:
The speed and time displays show the preset values. The temperature indicator displays the
current temperature inside the rotor chamber. The preset acceleration and braking curves and
the selected bucket are also displayed.
Lid Opening
1. Press the OPEN key
.
WARNING Do not reach into the crack between the lid and the housing. The lid is
drawn shut automatically.
Use the emergency release only for malfunctions and power failures (see “Mechanical
Emergency Door Release” on page 7-2).
Close Lid
Close the lid by pressing down on it lightly in the middle or on both sides of it. One lock closes the lid
completely.
WARNING Do not reach into the crack between the lid and the housing. The lid is
drawn shut automatically.
Note The lid should audibly click into place.
Rotor Installation
The approved rotors for the Heraeus Megafuge 16 / 16R are listed in section “Rotor Selection” on
page 1-6. Use only the rotors and accessories from this list in the centrifuge.
CAUTION Unapproved or incorrectly combined accessories can cause serious damage to
the centrifuge.
The centrifuge is equipped with an AutoLockTM locking system.
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Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
4 Operation
Rotor Installation
This system is used to automatically lock the rotor to the centrifuge spindle. The rotor does not have to
be bolted on to the centrifuge spindle.
Proceed as follows:
1. Open the lid of the centrifuge and if necessary remove any dust, foreign objects or residue from the
chamber.
AutoLockTM and o-ring must be clean and undamaged.
AutoLockTM
O-Ring
Figure 4-1. AutoLockTM
2. Place the rotor over the centrifuge spindle and let it slide slowly down the centrifuge spindle.
The rotor clicks automatically into place.
CAUTION Do not force the rotor onto the centrifuge spindle.
If the rotor is very light, then it may be necessary to press it onto the centrifuge spindle
with a bit of pressure.
3. Check if the rotor is properly installed by lifting it slightly on the handle. If the rotor can be pulled
up, then it must be reclamped to the centrifuge spindle.
WARNING If the rotor cannot be properly locked in place after several attempts, then the
AutoLockTM is defective and you are not permitted to operate the rotor.
Check for any damage to the rotor: Damaged rotors must not be used.
Keep the centrifuge spindle area of the rotor clear of objects.
CAUTION Check that the rotor is properly locked on the centrifuge spindle before each
use by pulling it at its handle.
4. If available close the rotor with the rotor lid.
Be sure to check all sealings before starting any aeorsol-tight applications.
See the information in the rotor instruction manual.
5. Close the centrifuge lid.
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
4-3
4
Operation
Entering Parameters
Entering Parameters
The Heraeus Megafuge 16 / 16R offers you a total of 9 acceleration and 10 braking curves with which
samples and gradients can be centrifuged.
After the centrifuge is turned on, the last running profile selected is shown.
Acceleration curve
1. Press the key
below the ACC display in order to open the acceleration profile selection menu.
The display shows the message "Set acceleration".
2. Select the profile by pressing the key
, until the desired acceleration curve shows.
Braking curve
1. Press the key
below the DEC display in order to open the braking curve selection menu.
The display shows the message "Set deceleration“
2. Select the profile by pressing the key
, until the desired braking curve shows.
Preselecting Speed / RCF
1. Press the key
below the “SPEED” display in order to open the speed / RCF value menu.
The display shows the "RPM“ or the "RCF"-value depending on the display setting. Press the
CHANGE key
to toggle between the two modes.
2. Enter the desired value by pressing the key
repeatedly, until the desired value shows.
Note If an extremely low RCF value has been selected, it will be corrected automatically if the
resulting speed is less than 300 rpm.
4-4
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
4 Operation
Entering Parameters
Explanation of RCF Value
The relative centrifugal force is given as a multiple of the force of gravity g. It is a unitless numerical
value which is used to compare the separation or sedimentation capacity of various devices, since it
is independent of the type of device. Only the centrifuging radius and the speed come into play in
it:
n 2
RCF = 11, 18 × 〈 -------------〉 × r
1000
r = centrifuging radius in cm
n = Rotational speed in rpm
The maximum RCF value is related to the maximum radius of the tube opening.
Remember that this value is reduced depending on the tubes and adapters used.
This can be accounted for in the calculation above if required.
Running time preselection
1. Press the key
below the TIME display in order to open the runtime selection menu.
The display shows the message "Set Time".
Enter the desired runtime in H.mm.
2. Enter the desired value by pressing the key
repeatedly, until the desired value shows.
Continuous operation
1. Press the START key
.
During continuous operation, the centrifuge will continue running until you stop it manually.
Preselecting the temperature
You can preselect temperatures between -10 °C and +40 °C.
To set the temperature, proceed as follows:
1. Press the key
below the TEMPERATURE display in order to open the temperature selection
menu.
The display shows "Set temp":
2. Enter the desired value by pressing the key
Thermo Scientific
repeatedly, until the desired value shows.
Megafuge 16 / 16R
4-5
4
Operation
Saving programs
Prewarming or precooling the centrifuge
For setting the pretemp value for the centrifuge proceed as follows:
1. Press the key
in order to open the temperature selection menu.
The display shows the message "Set PreTemp".
2. Enter the desired value by pressing the key
repeatedly, until the desired value shows.
3. The display shows:
The display shows the current temperature inside the rotor chamber.
4. Press the START key
.
The rotor chamber is cooled down or heated up to the preset temperature.
5. Press the STOP key
.
The display shows the current temperature inside the rotor chamber.
Bucket selection
Bucket selection is only possible for swing-out rotors. The bucket code corresponds to the last four
digits of the bucket catalog number.
1. Press the BUCKET key
.
The display shows the following message:
2. Press the BUCKET key
repeatedly until the bucket being used is displayed.
Saving programs
1. Enter the program parameters.
2. Press any of the program store keys for 4 seconds.
4-6
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
4
Operation
Centrifugation
Centrifugation
Once the rotor has been properly installed, the main switch has been turned on and the lid has been
closed, you can start centrifuging.
Starting centrifuge program
Press the START key
time display active.
on the control panel. The centrifuge accelerates to the pre-set speed with the
If the speed setting is higher than the maximum permissible speed or RCF-value for the particular
rotor, then the display will show the message max. 4,700 rpm once the centrifuge has been started.
Within 15 seconds you can apply this value by pressing the START key
again, and the centrifuging
program will continue. Otherwise the centrifuge will stop and you will have to enter a valid number.
You cannot open the lid as long as the centrifuge is running.
Imbalance indicator
If a load is imbalanced, this will be indicated at speed higher than approx. 300 rpm by the message
"Imbalanced load".
The run will terminate.
Check the loading and start the centrifuge once again. See the information on proper loading in the
rotor instruction manual. For information on troubleshooting, see section “Troubleshooting by User”
on page 7-3.
Stopping the centrifugation program
With preset running time
Usually the running time is preset and you only have to wait until the centrifuge stops automatically
when the preset time limit expires.
As soon as the speed drops to zero, the message END will appear in the display. By pressing the OPEN
, you can open the lid and remove the centrifuge material.
key
You can also stop the centrifuging program manually at any time by pressing the STOP key
.
Continuous operation
If you selected continuous operation (see “Continuous operation” on page 4-5), you will have to stop
the centrifuge manually. Press the STOP key
on the control panel. The centrifuge will be
decelerated at the designated rate. The message "END" will illuminate, and after pressing the key
OPEN
, the lid will open and you can remove the centrifuged material.
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
4-7
4
Operation
Temperature Adaptation during Standstill
Temperature Adaptation during Standstill
The temperature cannot be adapted until the rotor has been positively identified;the speed display will
then show END.
When the rotor is not recognized (lid closed and START key
not yet pressed, speed display "0"),
the centrifuge responds by ensuring that the sample cannot freeze regardless of the rotor being used.
Short-term Centrifugation
For short-term centrifuging, the Heraeus Megafuge 16 / 16R has a PULSE- function.
By holding down the PULSE key
, spinning will start and continue until the key is let go.
The centrifuge accelerates and brakes at maximum power. Any rpm or RCF entered beforehand is
overridden.
Note The centrifuge accelerates to maximum speed, regardless of which rotor was installed.
Check carefully whether you have to maintain a certain speed for your application.
During the acceleration process, time is counted forwards in seconds. The reading stays displayed until
the centrifuge lid is opened.
Removing the Rotor
To remove the rotor, proceed as follows:
1. Open the centrifuge lid.
2. Grab the rotor handle with both hands and press against the green AutoLockTM key. At the same
time, pull the rotor directly upwards with both hands and remove it from the centrifuge spindle.
Make sure not to tilt the rotor while doing this.
4-8
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
4 Operation
Aerosol-tight Rotors
Aerosol-tight Rotors
When using an aerosol tight lid the rotor can only be removed with the lid closed. This is to protect
you and the samples.
CAUTION Rotors supplied with a lid for aerosol-tight applications come with a mandrill,
which belongs to the AutoLockTM. Be sure not to place the lid onto this mandrill to
prevent it from being damaged.
Figure 4-2. AutoLockTM-lid for aerosol-tight rotors
WARNING Mind the AutoLockTM-mandrill inside the lid. Do not touch the mandrill.
Aligning the Centrifuge
• To turn off the centrifuge put the mains switch to "0".
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
4-9
5
System Menu
• Use the keys UV below the bucket selection in order to navigate within the system menu points.
Enter system menu?
†
Z
Stop
Press the STOP key
to exit the system menu.
Start
Language
V
English
English
U
.
Deutsch
Francaise
End of run beep?
V
Keypad beep?
V
no
Español
U
no
U
Italiano
Nederlands
Росский
yes
no
LCD powersave?
V
Auto lid open?
V
Software ID:
V
Cycle count:
V
Thermo Scientific
no
U
no
U
0547V01
U
0547V01
4641V05*
* Software
and
example values.
NVRAM
identification
2368
U
Megafuge 16 / 16R
5-1
5
System Menu
Description
Description
Enter system menu
To enter the system menu hold down any of the keys when switching the centrifuge on.
Change the selection by presing the keys UV.
Use the keys UV below the speed display in order to navigate through the system menu.
Use the keys UV below the bucket selection in order to navigate within the system menu points.
Press the STOP key
to quit the system menu.
Language
Use the keys UV below the bucket selection in order to change the language in the display until the
desired language appears in the display.
Use the keys UV below the speed display in order to navigate through the system menu.
Press the STOP key
to quit the system menu.
End of run beep
Use the keys UV below the bucket selection until it says YES in the display if the centrifuge should
make beep after the run. Otherwise use the keys UV below the bucket selection until it says NO.
Use the keys UV below the speed display in order to navigate through the system menu.
Press the STOP key
to quit the system menu.
Keypad beep
Use the keys UV below the bucket selection until it says YES in the display if the centrifuge should
make beep when pressing any key. Otherwise use the keys UV below the bucket selection until it says
NO.
Use the keys UV below the speed display in order to navigate through the system menu.
Press the STOP key
to quit the system menu.
LCD powersave
Use the keys UV below the bucket selection until it says YES in the display if the centrifuge should
enter a powdersave mode after the run. Otherwise use the keys UV below the bucket selection until it
says NO.
Use the keys UV below the speed display in order to navigate through the system menu.
Press the STOP key
5-2
Megafuge 16 / 16R
to quit the system menu.
Thermo Scientific
5
System Menu
Description
Auto lid open
Use the keys UV below the bucket selection until it says YES in the display if the centrifuge should
open after the run. Otherwise use the keys UV below the bucket selection until it says NO.
Use the keys UV below the speed display in order to navigate through the system menu.
Press the STOP key
to quit the system menu.
Software ID
Here you fine the current software version.
Use the keys UV below the speed display in order to navigate through the system menu.
Press the STOP key
to quit the system menu.
Cycle count
Here you fine the current numbers of cycles.
Use the keys UV below the speed display in order to navigate through the system menu.
Press the STOP key
Thermo Scientific
to quit the system menu.
Megafuge 16 / 16R
5-3
6
Maintenance and Care
Contents
• “Cleaning Intervalls” on page 6-2
• “Cleaning” on page 6-2
• “Disinfection” on page 6-3
• “Decontamination” on page 6-4
• “Autoclaving” on page 6-5
• “Service of Thermo Fisher Scientific” on page 6-5
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
6-1
6
Maintenance and Care
Cleaning Intervalls
Cleaning Intervalls
For the sake of personal, environmental, and material protection, it is your duty to clean and if
necessary disinfect the centrifuge on a regular basis.
Maintenance
Recommended interval
Clean rotor chamber
daily or when polluted
Clean rotor
daily or when polluted
Accessories
daily or when polluted
Cabinet
Once per month
Ventilation holes
Every six months
CAUTION Refrain from using any other cleaning or decontamination procedure than
those recommended here, if you are not entirely sure that the intended procedure is safe
for the equipment.
Use only approved cleansers.
If in doubt, contact Thermo Fisher Scientific.
Cleaning
When cleaning centrifug
• Use warm water with a neutral solvent.
• Never use caustic cleaning agents such as soap suds, phosphoric acid, bleaching solutions or
scrubbing powder.
• Rinse the cavities out thoroughly.
• Use a soft brush without metal bristles to remove stubborn residue.
• Afterwards rinse with distilled water.
• Place the rotors on a plastic grate with their cavities pointing down.
• If drying boxes are used, the temperature must never exceed 50 °C, since higher temperatures could
damage the material and shorten the lifetime of the parts.
• Use only disinfectants with a pH of 6-8.
• Dry aluminum parts off with a soft cloth.
• After cleaning, treat the entire surface of aluminum parts with corrosion protection oil (7000
9824). Also treat the cavities with oil.
• Store the aluminum parts at room temperature or in a cold-storage room with the cavities pointing
down.
6-2
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
6
Maintenance and Care
Disinfection
CAUTION Before using any cleaning or decontamination methods except those
recommended by the manufacturer, users should check with the manufacturer that the
proposed method will not damage the equipment.
Clean centrifuge and accessories as follows:
1. Open the centrifuge.
2. Turn off the centrifuge.
3. Pull out the power supply plug.
4. Grasp the rotor with both hands and lift it vertically off the centrifuge spindle.
5. Remove the centrifuge tubes and adaptors.
6. Use a neutral cleaning agent with a pH value between 6 and 8 for cleaning.
7. Dry all of the rotors and accessorie after cleaning with a cloth or in a warm air cabinet at a
maximum temperature of 50°C.
• After cleaning, treat the entire surface of aluminum parts with corrosion protection oil (7000
9824). Also treat the cavities with oil.
• Tread the bold of the swing out rotor with bold grease (75003786).
CAUTION When cleaning, do not allow liquids, especially organic solvents, to get on the
drive shaft or the bearings of the centrifuge.
Organic solvents break down the grease in the motor bearing. The drive shaft could freeze
up.
After some applications their might be ice in the rotor chamber. Let the ice melt and drain it off. Clean
the rotor chamber as described above.
Disinfection
Disinfect the centrifuge immediately whenever infectious material has spilled during centrifugation.
WARNING Infectious material can get into the centrifuge when a tube breaks or as a
result of spills. Keep in mind the risk of infection when touching the rotor and take all
necessary precautions.
In case of contamination, make sure that others are not put at risk.
Decontaminate the affected parts immediately.
Take other precautions if need be.
The rotor chamber and the rotor should be treated preferably with a neutral disinfectant.
CAUTION Before using any cleaning or decontamination methods except those
recommended by the manufacturer, users should check with the manufacturer that the
proposed method will not damage the equipment.
Observe the safety precautions and handling instructions for the cleaning agents used.
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
6-3
6
Maintenance and Care
Decontamination
Contact the Service Department of Thermo Fisher Scientific for questions regarding the use of other
disinfectants.
Disinfect the rotor and accessories as follows:
1. Open the centrifuge.
2. Turn off the centrifuge.
3. Pull out the power supply plug.
4. Grasp the rotor with both hands and lift it vertically off the centrifuge spindle.
5. Remove the centrifuge tubes and adaptors and dispose of them or disinfect them.
6. Treat the rotor and accessories according to the instructions for the disinfectant (soak in solution).
Adhere strictly to the given application times.
7. Be sure the disinfectant can drain off the rotor.
8. Rinse the rotor and accessories thoroughly with water.
9. Dispose of the disinfectant according to the applicable guidelines.
10. Dry all of the rotors and accessorie after cleaning with a cloth or in a warm air cabinet at a
maximum temperature of 50°C.
• After cleaning, treat the entire surface of aluminum parts with corrosion protection oil (7000
9824). Also treat the cavities with oil.
• Tread the bold of the swing out rotor with bold grease (75003786).
Decontamination
Decantaminate the centrifuge immediately whenever radioactive material has spilled during
centrifugation.
WARNING Radioactive material can get into the centrifuge when a tube breaks or as a
result of spills. Keep in mind the risk of infection when touching the rotor and take all
necessary precautions.
In case of contamination, make sure that others are not put at risk.
Decontaminate the affected parts immediately.
Take other precautions if need be.
CAUTION Before using any cleaning or decontamination methods except those
recommended by the manufacturer, users should check with the manufacturer that the
proposed method will not damage the equipment.
For general radioactive decontamination use a solution of equal parts of 70% ethanol, 10% SDS and
water.
1. Open the centrifuge.
2. Turn off the centrifuge.
3. Pull out the power supply plug.
6-4
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
6
Maintenance and Care
Autoclaving
4. Grasp the rotor with both hands and lift it vertically off the centrifuge spindle.
5. Remove the centrifuge tubes and adaptors and dispose of them or disinfect them.
6. Rinse the rotor first with ethanol and then with de-ionized water.
• Adhere strictly to the given application times.
7. Be sure the decontamination solution can drain off the rotor.
8. Rinse the rotor and accessories thoroughly with water.
9. Dispose of the decontamination solution according to the applicable guidelines.
10. Dry all of the rotors and accessorie after cleaning with a cloth or in a warm air cabinet at a
maximum temperature of 50°C.
• After cleaning, treat the entire surface of aluminum parts with corrosion protection oil (7000
9824). Also treat the cavities with oil.
• Tread the bold of the swing out rotor with bold grease (75003786).
Autoclaving
1. Before autoclaving clean rotor and accessories and described above.
2. Place the rotor on a flat surface.
• Rotors and adapter can beautoclaved at 121 °C.
• The maximum permissible autoclave cycle is 20 minutes at 121 °C.
Note No chemical additives are permitted in the steam.
CAUTION Never exceed the permitted temperature and duration when autoclaving.
If the rotor shows signs of corrosion or wear, it must be replaced.
Service of Thermo Fisher Scientific
Thermo Fisher Scientific recommends having the centrifuge and accessories serviced once a year by an
authorized service technician. The service technicians check the following:
• the electrical equipment
• the suitability of the set-up site
• the lid lock and the safety system
• the rotor
• the fixation of the rotor and the drive shaft
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
6-5
6
Maintenance and Care
Service of Thermo Fisher Scientific
Thermo Fisher Scientific offers inspection and service contracts for this work. Any necessary repairs are
performed for free during the warranty period and afterwards for a charge.
This is only valid if the centrifuge has only been mainained by a Thermo Fisher Scientific service
technician.
6-6
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
7
Trouble Shooting
Contents
• “Mechanical Emergency Door Release” on page 7-2
• “Troubleshooting by User” on page 7-3
• “When to contact Customer Service” on page 7-5
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
7-1
7
Trouble Shooting
Mechanical Emergency Door Release
Mechanical Emergency Door Release
During a power failure, you will not be able to open the centrifuge lid with the regular electric lid
release. A mechanical override is provided to allow sample recovery in the case of an emergency.
However, this should be used only in emergencies and after the rotor has come to a complete stop.
WARNING The rotor can still be spinning at high speed. If touched, it can cause serious
injuries.
Always wait a few minutes until the rotor has come to a stop without braking. The brake does not
work when there is no current. The braking process lasts much longer than usual.
Proceed as follows:
1. Make sure the rotor has stopped (view port in the lid).
WARNING Never use your hand or other tools to brake the rotor.
2. Pull out the power supply plug.
3. On the left side of the housing is one white plastic plugs which you can pry out of the side plate
with a screwdriver or a knife.
Pull the release cord attached to it to trigger the mechanical lid release. The lid will open and the
samples can be removed.
Emergency Door Release
Figure 7-1. Emergency Door Release
4. Push the cord back into the centrifuge and mount the plug.
Reconnect the centrifuge once the power has been restored. Switch on the centrifuge. Press the OPEN
key
to have the door locks operative again.
7-2
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
7 Trouble Shooting
Troubleshooting by User
Troubleshooting by User
If problems occur other than those listed in this table, the authorized customer service
representative must be contacted.
Failure message
Problem with centrifuge
Possible causes and cures
Overtemperature
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
Overheating in chamber.
Check the function of the refrigeration unit.
Clean the air inlet for the condenser.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
Incorrect bucket ID
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Bucket code is undefined for the rotor detected, check the set
points for the given bucket code.
Is it permitted to use the current bucket in the rotor currently
mounted?
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
Unapproved rotor
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Rotor code is not in the rotor table.
Is it permitted to use the rotor currently mounted in this device?
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
Rotor ID failure
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The rotor could not be identified.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Check to see if the rotor is properly installed.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
Lid blocked
Centrifuge does not open
Restart the centrifuge.
The emergency lid release enables you to retrieve your samples.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
Motor overtemp.
PCB overtemp.
Emergency release
Thermo Scientific
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
Restart the centrifuge.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
Restart the centrifuge.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The lid opens while the device is running.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Close the lid and restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
Megafuge 16 / 16R
7-3
7
Trouble Shooting
Troubleshooting by User
Failure message
Problem with centrifuge
Possible causes and cures
Imbalanced load
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
Imbalance detected.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Check the load placed in the rotor.
Check that the rotor cross bolts are well greased.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
Check Set Speed
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The set point speed is higher than the maximum rotor speed.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Correct the value.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
E-01 - E-12
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Error during the self-test of the centrifuge program and the
electronics.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
E-13
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
The check sum in the data memory is incorrect.
The software corrects errors automatically.
Check the values of the set point settings, etc.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
E-15-E-16
Temperature sensor broken / controller
defective
Malfunction in the temperature detection.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
E-17
Speed for rotor detection exceeded
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
E-21-E-22
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The rotor could not be identified.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Check to see if the rotor is properly installed.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
E-23
E-25-E-27
E-28
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The speed control measurement returned a different result.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Restart the centrifuge.
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
Time has expired for the lid lock drive while opening the lid.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Restart the centrifuge.
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
Error during the self-test of the centrifuge program and the
electronics.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
7-4
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
7 Trouble Shooting
When to contact Customer Service
Failure message
Problem with centrifuge
Possible causes and cures
E-29
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
Check wether you selected the right bucket.
Is it easy to turn the rotor when the lid is open?
Does the rotor rub against the device?
The run does not start.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
E-30
E-33
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
Restart the centrifuge.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
Overpressure in the refrigeration unit.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Clean the air inlet for the condenser.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
E-34-E-36
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Error during the self-test of the centrifuge program and the
electronics.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
E-40
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The centrifuge accelerates too slowly.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Check wether you selected the right bucket.
Check wether you selected the right bucket.
Is it easy to turn the rotor when the lid is open?
Does the rotor rub against the device?
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
E-41-E-74
The centrifuge cannot be operated.
The run does not start or the centrifuge
runs down without being braked.
Error during the self-test of the centrifuge program and the
electronics.
Restart the centrifuge.
If an error message appears again, inform Customer Service.
When to contact Customer Service
If you need to contact customer service, please provide the order no. and the serial no. of your device.
This information can be found on the back near the inlet for the power supply cable.
To identify the software version, proceed as follows:
1. Hold down any of the keys and then switch on the centrifuge.
You enter the system menu.
2. Press the START key
.
3. Press the Uor V key, until the following message is displayed:
Software ID:
XXXXXXXX
4. Communicate the software version to the service technician.
Thermo Scientific
Megafuge 16 / 16R
7-5
A
VITON®
TYGON®
TITANIUM
STAINLESS STEEL
SILICONE RUBBER
RULON A®, TEFLON®
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE
POLYSULFONE
POLYPROPYLENE
POLYRTHYLENE
S S U -
Acetaldehyde
S -
Acetone
M S U U S U M S S U U S U S U U U S S U U S M M S U U
Acetonitrile
S S U -
S M S -
S S U S U M U U -
Alconox
U U S -
S S S -
S S S S S S M S S S S S S S S S S S U
Allyl Alcohol
-
Aluminum Chloride
U U S S S S U S S S S M S S S S -
Formic Acid (100%)
-
Ammonium Acetate
S S U -
S S S S S S S U -
S S S S S S S S S S
Ammonium Carbonate
M S U S S S S S S S S S S S U U -
S S S S S S M S S S
Ammonium Hydroxide (10%)
U U S U S S M S S S S S -
Ammonium Hydroxide (28%)
U U S U S U M S S S S S U S U M S S S S S S S S S M S
Ammonium Hydroxide (conc.)
U U U U S U M S -
Ammonium Phosphate
U -
Ammonium Sulfate
U M S -
Amyl Alcohol
S -
Aniline
S S U U S U S M S U U U U U U U -
Sodium Hydroxide (<1%)
U -
M S S S -
Sodium Hydroxide (10%)
U -
M U -
Barium Salts
M U S -
Benzene
S S U U S U M U S U U S U U U M U M U U U S U U S U S
Benzyl Alcohol
S -
Thermo Scientific
-
U U -
-
U -
S M U -
S -
-
-
-
-
S U S S U S S -
POLYTHERMIDE
POLYESTER, GLASS THERMOSET
POLYCARBONATE
POLYALLOMER
PET*, POLYCLEAR®,CLEARCRIMP®CCCLEARCRIMP®
NYLON
NORYL®
NEOPRENE
2-mercaptoethanol
®
S M S -
GLASS
ETHYLENE PROPYLENE
DELRIN®
COMPOSITE Carbon Fiber/Epoxy
POLYURETHANE ROTOR PAINT
CELLULOSE ACETATE BUTYRATE
BUNA N
ANODIC COATING for ALUMINIUM
ALUMINUM
CHEMICAL
MATERIAL
Chemical Compatibility Chart
M -
S -
U -
S S S -
-
-
U -
-
-
-
-
S -
-
-
S -
U -
S S S S U S S S S S S
M U U U M M -
S -
U
S M U U S S S S U U
S S M S S S -
M S -
-
S -
-
S S S S S M U U S S
S M U U S S -
U S -
U S -
U
S U M S S S S S S S S S M S
S U S U U S S S -
S S S S S S S S -
M S U -
M S S S S -
U
S S M -
S S S S S S M S S S
S S U S S S S S S S S S -
S S S S S S U S S U
M U -
-
-
S S -
-
U -
M -
S -
S M S S -
M S S S S M -
-
-
U -
S -
M
S M U U S S S S U S
S M M S S S S S S M S S -
U
M M S S U S U U S S S S S S M S S -
U
S S S S S S S S S S S M -
U U -
-
M M -
M -
S S S S S S M S S S
S U U U U U U U -
M S M -
S -
Megafuge 16 / 16R
S
A-1
VITON®
TYGON®
TITANIUM
STAINLESS STEEL
SILICONE RUBBER
RULON A®, TEFLON®
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE
POLYSULFONE
POLYPROPYLENE
POLYRTHYLENE
POLYTHERMIDE
POLYESTER, GLASS THERMOSET
POLYCARBONATE
POLYALLOMER
PET*, POLYCLEAR®,CLEARCRIMP®CCCLEARCRIMP®
NYLON
NORYL®
NEOPRENE
GLASS
ETHYLENE PROPYLENE
DELRIN®
COMPOSITE Carbon Fiber/Epoxy
POLYURETHANE ROTOR PAINT
CELLULOSE ACETATE BUTYRATE
BUNA N
ANODIC COATING for ALUMINIUM
CHEMICAL
ALUMINUM
Chemical Compatibility Chart
MATERIAL
A
Boric Acid
U S S M S S U S S S S S S S S S U S S S S S S S S S S
Cesium Acetate
M -
S -
S S S -
S S S S -
S S -
-
S S S S S S M S S S
Cesium Bromide
M S S -
S S S -
S S S S S S S -
-
S S S S S S M S S S
Cesium Chloride
M S S U S S S -
S S S S S S S -
-
S S S S S S M S S S
Cesium Formate
M S S -
S S S -
S S S S S S S -
-
S S S S S S M S S S
Cesium Iodide
M S S -
S S S -
S S S S S S S -
-
S S S S S S M S S S
Cesium Sulfate
M S S -
S S S -
S S S S S S S -
-
S S S S S S M S S S
Chloroform
U U U U S S M U S U U M U M U U U M M U U S U U U M S
Chromic Acid (10%)
U -
U U S U U -
S S S U S S M U M S S U M S M U S S S
Chromic Acid (50%)
U -
U U -
U U -
-
Cresol Mixture
S S U -
-
-
S U U U U U U -
Cyclohexane
S S S -
S S S U S U S S U U U M S M U M M S U M M U S
Deoxycholate
S S S -
S S S -
Distilled Water
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Dextran
M S S S S S S -
Diethyl Ether
S S U U S S S U S U U S U U U U U U U U U S S S S M U
Diethyl Ketone
S -
Diethylpyrocarbonate
S S U -
Dimethylsulfoxide
S S U U S S S -
U U -
-
S -
M -
S U U S M U M S S U M S -
S S S S S S S -
-
-
U U -
U M -
S
U S S S S U S
S S S S S S S S S S
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S M S S S
S U -
S -
M U U U M M -
-
S U U
S S S M S S S S S S
S U S S U S U U -
S S U U S S S S U U
Dioxane
M S U U S S M M S U U S U M U U -
M M M U S S S S U U
Ferric Chloride
U U S -
S S -
M U S -
S
Acetic Acid (Glacial)
S S U U S S U M S U S U U U U U M S U M U S U U S -
U
Acetic Acid (5%)
S S M S S S M S S S S S M S S S S S S S M S S M S S M
Acetic Acid (60%)
S S U U S S U -
Ethyl Acetate
M M U U S S M M S S U S U M U U -
Ethyl Alcohol (50%)
S S S S S S M S S S S S U S U S S S S S S S S M S M U
Ethyl Alcohol (95%)
S S S U S S M S S S S S U S U -
Ethylene Dichloride
S -
Ethylene Glycol
S S S S S S S S S S S S -
Megafuge 16 / 16R
-
U U -
-
-
S S U S U S U -
U S -
-
A-2
S S S -
-
M S -
M -
S -
S -
-
-
-
-
S M S U U M U S M S M S M S M U S M U
S M -
S S U U S M M S U U
S S S M S S S U S M U
U U S U U U U U U U -
U S U -
S -
S
S U S S S S S S S S M S M S
Thermo Scientific
S S S -
STAINLESS STEEL
SILICONE RUBBER
RULON A®, TEFLON®
POLYSULFONE
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE
POLYPROPYLENE
POLYESTER, GLASS THERMOSET
S U -
POLYCARBONATE
-
PET*, POLYCLEAR®,CLEARCRIMP®CCCLEARCRIMP®
GLASS
S S S S S S S M S S S
S M U S S S S M S U U U -
VITON®
S S -
TYGON®
S S S S -
TITANIUM
S S S U S U S S S U
POLYALLOMER
-
NYLON
S M -
NORYL®
S -
NEOPRENE
DELRIN®
U -
POLYRTHYLENE
M S S -
-
ETHYLENE PROPYLENE
U -
COMPOSITE Carbon Fiber/Epoxy
CELLULOSE ACETATE BUTYRATE
BUNA N
ANODIC COATING for ALUMINIUM
ALUMINUM
S -
Chemical Compatibility Chart
POLYTHERMIDE
Ficoll-Hypaque
®
POLYURETHANE ROTOR PAINT
Ethylene Oxide Vapor
MATERIAL
CHEMICAL
A
Hydrofluoric Acid (10%)
U U U M -
-
U -
-
U U S -
Hydrofluoric Acid (50%)
U U U U -
-
U -
-
U U U U S U U U S S M M S U U U -
M
Hydrochloric Acid (conc.)
U U U U -
U U M -
U M U U M U U U -
-
Formaldehyde (40%)
M M M S S S S M S S S S M S S S U S S M S S S M S M U
Glutaraldehyde
S S S S -
Glycerol
M S S -
S S S S S S S S S S S S -
S S S S S S S S S S
Guanidine Hydrochloride
U U S -
S S S -
S S S S S S S -
-
S S S S S S U S S S
®
S S S -
-
S S S S S S S -
-
S S S S S S S S S S
Hexane
S S S -
S S S -
Isobutyl Alcohol
-
Isopropyl Alcohol
M M M U S S S S S U S S U S U M S S S S S S S M M M S
Iodoacetic Acid
S S M -
S S S -
S M S S M S S -
Potassium Bromide
U S S -
S S S -
S S S S S S S S S S S -
Potassium Carbonate
M U S S S S S -
Potassium Chloride
U S S -
Potassium Hydroxide (5%)
U U S S S S M -
S S S S -
Potassium Hydroxide (conc.)
U U M U -
M S S -
Potassium Permanganate
S S S -
S S S U S S S M -
S M S U S S M S U S
Calcium Chloride
M U S S S S S S S S S S S S M S -
S S S S S S M S S S
Calcium Hypochlorite
M -
S S S M S M U S -
Kerosene
S S S -
Sodium Chloride (10%)
S -
S S S S S S -
-
-
S S S S S -
S S S S -
S S M -
S
Sodium Chloride (sat'd)
U -
S U S S S -
-
-
S S S S S -
S S -
S S M -
S
Carbon Tetrachloride
U U M S S U M U S U U S U M U S S M M S M M M M U S S
Aqua Regia
U -
Solution 555 (20%)
S S S -
-
Magnesium Chloride
M S S -
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S M S S S
Haemo-Sol
Thermo Scientific
-
M U -
U -
-
-
-
S -
S -
S S S S S S S -
S S -
M -
S S S -
S S S -
-
S S S -
-
U -
S U S S M S S S -
S S S -
S -
S
M S S S S S M S S M M
S S S M S S S
S S S S S S U S S S S S S S S S S S S
S M M S -
M -
S S S S S S S U S S S
S U S S S S S S S M U M S U
U M U U U S M -
S -
S M S -
S S S U S M U S U M M S -
U U -
U S U U U -
S S U S U M U S S U S S M S U S S U S
S S S S S S S S S S S -
-
-
S -
-
-
-
U -
-
-
-
-
-
S -
S S S S S S S -
U U -
U
S
M M M S S U S S U S
U U U U U U U -
M U -
S -
-
S S S -
-
-
-
S -
M
S S S S S S
Megafuge 16 / 16R
A-3
S M S -
VITON®
TYGON®
TITANIUM
STAINLESS STEEL
SILICONE RUBBER
RULON A®, TEFLON®
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE
POLYSULFONE
POLYPROPYLENE
POLYRTHYLENE
Mercaptoacetic Acid
U S U -
Methyl Alcohol
S S S U S S M S S S S S U S U M S S S S S S S M S M U
Methylene Chloride
U U U U M S S U S U U S U U U U U M U U U S S M U S U
Methyl Ethyl Ketone
S S U U S S M S S U U S U S U U U S S U U S S S S U U
Metrizamide®
M S S -
S S S -
S S S S -
S S -
Lactic Acid (100%)
-
-
S -
-
-
-
-
-
M S U -
S S S M S S -
M S M S S -
S
Lactic Acid (20%)
-
-
S S -
-
-
-
-
M S M -
S S S S S S S M S M S S -
S
N-Butyl Alcohol
S -
S U -
-
S -
-
S M -
N-Butyl Phthalate
S S U -
S S S -
S U U S U U U M -
U U S U S M M S U S
N, N-Dimethylformamide
S S S U S M S -
S S U S U S U U -
S S U U S M S S S U
Sodium Borate
M S S S S S S S S S S U S S S S -
S S S S S S M S S S
Sodium Bromide
U S S -
S S S S S S M S S S
Sodium Carbonate (2%)
M U S S S S S S S S S S S S U S S S S S S S S S S S S
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
S S S -
Sodium Hypochlorite (5%)
U U M S S M U S S M S S S M S S S S M S S S M U S M S
Sodium Iodide
M S S -
S S S -
-
S S S S S S M S S S
Sodium Nitrate
S S S -
S S S S S S S S S S S S -
S S S S S U S S S S
Sodium Sulfate
U S S -
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S M S S S
Sodium Sulfide
S -
Sodium Sulfite
S S S -
Nickel Salts
U S S S S S -
Oils (Petroleum)
S S S -
-
-
S U S S S S U U M S M U U S S S U S S S S
Oils (Other)
S -
S -
-
-
S M S S S S U S S S S U S S S S -
Oleic Acid
S -
U S S S U U S U S S M S S S S S S S S S M U S M M
Oxalic Acid
U U M S S S U S S S S S U S U S S S S S S S S U M S S
Perchloric Acid (10%)
U -
Perchloric Acid (70%)
S S S -
S S S -
S S -
-
S U U S M S U S S S S
-
U S M S S S S M M S M -
S S S S S S S S -
S S S S S S S -
S S S S S S S -
S -
-
-
S S S U U -
-
S S S S -
S
-
S -
-
-
S S M -
S
S S S S S S S S S S
S S S S S S M S S S
M U M S M M -
S S M S
S M M -
U U U -
-
U U -
S U M U U M U U U M M U M S U U S U S
Phenol (5%)
U S U -
S M M -
S U M U U S U M S M S U U S U M M M S
Phenol (50%)
U S U -
S U M -
S U M U U U U U S U M U U S U U U M S
Megafuge 16 / 16R
-
S -
S S S S S S S S S S S
S S S S M S S S S S S M S S S -
S S S S S S M S S S
S U U -
A-4
U -
-
S M S U U U U -
POLYTHERMIDE
POLYESTER, GLASS THERMOSET
POLYCARBONATE
POLYALLOMER
PET*, POLYCLEAR®,CLEARCRIMP®CCCLEARCRIMP®
NYLON
NORYL®
NEOPRENE
GLASS
ETHYLENE PROPYLENE
DELRIN®
COMPOSITE Carbon Fiber/Epoxy
POLYURETHANE ROTOR PAINT
CELLULOSE ACETATE BUTYRATE
BUNA N
ANODIC COATING for ALUMINIUM
CHEMICAL
ALUMINUM
Chemical Compatibility Chart
MATERIAL
A
M S U -
S -
S
Thermo Scientific
VITON®
TYGON®
TITANIUM
STAINLESS STEEL
SILICONE RUBBER
RULON A®, TEFLON®
POLYSULFONE
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE
Chemical Compatibility Chart
POLYPROPYLENE
POLYRTHYLENE
POLYTHERMIDE
POLYESTER, GLASS THERMOSET
POLYCARBONATE
POLYALLOMER
PET*, POLYCLEAR®,CLEARCRIMP®CCCLEARCRIMP®
NYLON
NORYL®
NEOPRENE
GLASS
ETHYLENE PROPYLENE
DELRIN®
COMPOSITE Carbon Fiber/Epoxy
POLYURETHANE ROTOR PAINT
CELLULOSE ACETATE BUTYRATE
BUNA N
ANODIC COATING for ALUMINIUM
ALUMINUM
MATERIAL
CHEMICAL
A
Phosphoric Acid (10%)
U U M S S S U S S S S U -
Phosphoric Acid (conc.)
U U M M -
-
U S -
Physiologic Media (Serum, Urine)
M S S S -
-
S -
Picric Acid
S S U -
Pyridine (50%)
U S U U S U U -
U S S U U M U U -
U S M U S S U U U U
Rubidium Bromide
M S S -
S S S -
S S S S S S S -
-
S S S S S S M S S S
Rubidium Chloride
M S S -
S S S -
S S S S S S S -
-
S S S S S S M S S S
Sucrose
M S S -
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Sucrose, Alkaline
M S S -
S S S -
Sulfosalicylic Acid
U U S S S S S -
S S S U S S S -
Nitric Acid (10%)
U S U S S U U -
S U S U -
Nitric Acid (50%)
U S U M S U U -
S U S U U M M U M M M S S S U S S M S
Nitric Acid (95%)
U -
-
Hydrochloric Acid (10%)
U U M S S S U -
S S S U U S U S S S S S S S S U M S S
Hydrochloric Acid (50%)
U U U U S U U -
S M S U U M U U S S S S M S M U U M M
Sulfuric Acid (10%)
M U U S S U U -
S S M U S S S S S S S S S S U U U S S
Sulfuric Acid (50%)
M U U U S U U -
S S M U U S U U M S S S S S U U U M S
Sulfuric Acid (conc.)
M U U U -
U U M -
Stearic Acid
S -
-
Tetrahydrofuran
S S U U S U U M S U U S U U U -
Toluene
S S U U S S M U S U U S U U U S U M U U U S U S U U M
Trichloroacetic Acid
U U U -
S S U M S U S U U S M -
Trichloroethane
S -
U -
-
-
M U -
U -
S U U U U U U U U U S U -
S -
S
Trichloroethylene
-
-
U U -
-
-
U -
S U U U U U U U U U S U -
U -
S
Trisodium Phosphate
-
-
-
-
M -
-
-
S -
S
Tris Buffer (neutral pH)
U S S S S S S -
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Triton X-100®
S S S -
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Urea
S -
Hydrogen Peroxide (10%)
U U M S S U U -
Thermo Scientific
M S U U M M S S S M S M S U M U -
S
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
S M S S S M S U S S S U S S S S U S U M S M S
U U -
S -
S S S S S S S S S U M U S S
-
S -
U U -
S S S S S S U S S S S S S S S M S S S
S S S -
U S S S S -
-
-
S S S U S S S
S S S S S S S S S M S S S S
U U U U M U U U U M U U S U S S -
-
M U U S U U U M S U M S U U U -
S M S S S S -
U -
S S S -
-
-
-
-
S
S
S S S S S S S S S M M S S S
S -
-
M U U U U S U S S U U
M S S U U S U U U M U
S S S -
S S S M S S S S -
-
S -
-
S S S M S -
S
S S S U S S S M U S S S S S S M S U S
Megafuge 16 / 16R
A-5
S -
VITON®
TYGON®
TITANIUM
STAINLESS STEEL
SILICONE RUBBER
RULON A®, TEFLON®
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE
POLYSULFONE
POLYPROPYLENE
POLYRTHYLENE
POLYTHERMIDE
POLYESTER, GLASS THERMOSET
POLYCARBONATE
POLYALLOMER
PET*, POLYCLEAR®,CLEARCRIMP®CCCLEARCRIMP®
NYLON
NORYL®
NEOPRENE
GLASS
ETHYLENE PROPYLENE
DELRIN®
COMPOSITE Carbon Fiber/Epoxy
POLYURETHANE ROTOR PAINT
CELLULOSE ACETATE BUTYRATE
BUNA N
ANODIC COATING for ALUMINIUM
CHEMICAL
ALUMINUM
Chemical Compatibility Chart
MATERIAL
A
Hydrogen Peroxide (3%)
S M S S S -
S S S S S S S S M S S S S S S S S S S
Xylene
S S U S S S M U S U U U U U U M U M U U U S U M S U S
Zinc Chloride
U U S S S S U S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S U S S S
Zinc Sulfate
U S S -
Citric Acid (10%)
M S S M S S M S S S S S S S S S M S S S S S S S S S S
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
*Polyethyleneterephthalate
Key
S
Satisfactory
M
M = Moderate attack, may be satisfactory for use in centrifuge depending on length of exposure, speed involved,
etc.; suggest testing under actual conditions of use.
U
U = Unsatisfactory, not recommended.
--
No data available. Because no organized chemical resistance data exists for materials under the stress of centrifugation,
when in doubt we recommend pretesting sample lots. suggest testing, using sample to avoid loss of valuable material.
Chemical resistance data is included only as a guide to product use.
A-6
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
B
Contact Information
United States
866-9-THERMO
+1 866 984 3766
Canada
+1 866 984 3766
Austria
+43 1 801 400
Belgium
+32 2 482 30 30
Germany
08001 536 376
+49 6184 90 6940
France
+33 2 2803 2180
+33 2 2803 2000
Thermo Scientific
Italy
+39 02 02 95059 341
Netherlands
+31 76 571 4440
Nordic / Baltic Countries
+35 89 329 100
Russia
+7 (812) 703 42 15
Megafuge 16 / 16R
B-1
B
Contact Information
Spain
+34 932 23 09 18
Portugal
+34 932 23 09 18
Switzerland
+41 44 454 12 12
UK / Ireland
+44 870 609 9203
China
+86 21 6865 4588
+86 10 8419 3588
India
+91 22 6716 2200
Japan
+81 45 453 9220
Other Asian Countries
+852 2885 4613
Latin America
+1 866 984 3766
Other Countries
+49 6184 90 6940
+33 2 2803 2180
B-2
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
I
Index
A
K
Acceleration curve ........................................... 4-4
Accident Prevention .......................................... iv
Aerosol-tight Rotors ........................................ 4-9
Aligning the Centrifuge ...................................2-3
Autoclaving ..................................................... 6-5
Keys ................................................................3-2
Kundendienst ...........................................6-5, 7-5
B
Braking curve .................................................. 4-4
Bucket selection .............................................. 4-6
C
Care ................................................................ 6-1
Centrifugation ................................................. 4-7
Cleaning .......................................................... 6-2
Cleaning Intervalls .......................................... 6-2
Close Lid ......................................................... 4-2
Continuous Operation ....................................4-5
Control Panel .................................................. 3-2
D
Decontamination ............................................ 6-4
Disinfection .................................................... 6-3
E
Emergency Door Release .................................7-2
Entering Parameters ........................................ 4-4
Explanation of RCF Value ..............................4-5
F
Failure message ............................................... 7-3
Features ........................................................... 1-5
I
Imbalance indicator ......................................... 4-7
Intended Use ...................................................... v
Thermo Scientific
L
Lid Opening ....................................................4-2
Location ..........................................................2-2
M
Mains Connection ...........................................2-3
Mains Supply ..................................................2-4
Maintenance ...................................................6-1
O
Operation ........................................................4-1
P
Precautions ........................................................ iv
Preface ............................................................... iii
Preselecting Speed ...........................................4-4
Preselecting the temperature ............................4-5
Prewarming or Precooling ...............................4-6
Prewarming or precooling the centrifuge .........4-6
R
Removing the Rotor ........................................4-8
Rotor Installation ............................................4-2
Rotor Selection ................................................1-6
Running time preselection ...............................4-5
S
Safety features .................................................1-2
Safety zone ......................................................2-2
Short-term Centrifugation ...............................4-8
Starting centrifuge program .............................4-7
Stopping the centrifugation program ...............4-7
Storage ............................................................2-4
Megafuge 16 / 16R
I-1
Index:
Switch on Centrifuge ......................................4-2
T
Technical Data ................................................ 1-3
Temperature Adaptation .................................4-8
Transporting the Centrifuge ............................2-2
Trouble Shooting ............................................ 7-1
I-2
Megafuge 16 / 16R
Thermo Scientific
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