SaMASZ Sp. z o.o.
Poland, 15-161 Białystok, ul. Trawiasta 15
Rok założenia – 1984
NIP PL-966-159-29-76
tel. (+48) (85) 664 70 31
fax (+48) (85) 664 70 41
e-mail: samasz@samasz.pl
www.samasz.pl
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
DOUBLE - SIDED ROTARY RAKE
Z2-780
Z2-840
IN305EN006
2017-04-19
EDITION No 6
Serial No:
The original instruction
CAUTION:
It is forbidden to start the drive of the rake before putting
the machine into working position.
CAUTION:
The manufacturer reserves the right to introduce changes in
construction.
CAUTION:
Rake’s components bent after coming across an obstacle or
stones are done as paid repairs.
CAUTION:
Lifting the rake before the working units have come to
a complete standstill is forbidden.
CAUTION:
Operating is forbidden when any person is within the danger
area of 50 m.
CAUTION:
Keep this manual for future reference.
Well-proven design with thousands of machines in regular use in many countries and
quality materials ensure high durability and reliability of SaMASZ rakes.
We congratulate you on the purchase of your new SaMASZ rake and wish you much
pleasure and the very best work results through the years to come.
Operator’s manual
Contents
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
page
1.
2.
3.
IDENTIFYING THE MACHINE ........................................................................................................... 2
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................... 2
PROPER USE ........................................................................................................................................... 3
3.1. Technical data........................................................................................................................................ 3
3.2. Design and working principle................................................................................................................ 4
3.3. Standard equipment and spare parts ...................................................................................................... 5
4. SAFETY ADVICE.................................................................................................................................... 5
4.1. Safety rules and regulations................................................................................................................... 5
4.2. Transport................................................................................................................................................ 7
4.3. Putting the rake onto another vehicle for transport ............................................................................... 7
4.4. Working parts ........................................................................................................................................ 8
4.5. PTO shaft ............................................................................................................................................... 8
4.6. Hydraulic assembly ................................................................................................................................ 8
4.7. Residual risk .......................................................................................................................................... 9
4.7.1. Danger of catching ................................................................................................................................. 9
4.7.2. Danger of injury and abrasion ............................................................................................................... 9
4.7.3. Danger of liquid ejection out of hydraulic system ................................................................................. 9
4.6.4. Bans ....................................................................................................................................................... 9
4.6.5. Residual risk assessment ...................................................................................................................... 10
4.8. Safety decals and their meaning .......................................................................................................... 10
5. OPERATION .......................................................................................................................................... 13
5.1. Attaching the rake to the tractor .......................................................................................................... 13
5.2. Preparing the rake to transport............................................................................................................. 13
5.3. Preparing the rake for transport on public roads ................................................................................. 14
5.4. Mounting PTO shaft ............................................................................................................................ 14
5.5. Switching from transport to working position ..................................................................................... 15
5.6. Preparing the rake for work ................................................................................................................. 15
5.7. Working width adjustment mechanism ............................................................................................... 18
5.8. Operation ............................................................................................................................................. 19
5.9. Taking turns over swaths .................................................................................................................... 20
5.10. Removing clogging and jams ............................................................................................................. 21
5.11. Dismounting machine from tractor .................................................................................................... 21
6. MOUNTING AND ADJSUTMENTS ................................................................................................... 22
6.1. Mounting and timing of the tines ........................................................................................................ 22
6.2. Daily maintenance ............................................................................................................................... 22
6.3. After-season maintenance.................................................................................................................... 22
6.3.1. Restarting the machine after longer idle periods ................................................................................. 23
7. LUBRICATION...................................................................................................................................... 23
7.1. Gearbox ............................................................................................................................................... 23
7.2. Bearings and joints .............................................................................................................................. 24
7.3. Risks present when lubricating: ........................................................................................................... 25
8. DEFECTS AND THEIR REPAIRS ...................................................................................................... 25
9. DISASSEMBLY AND WITHDRAWAL FROM USE........................................................................ 26
9.1. Disassembly......................................................................................................................................... 26
9.2. Demontage and withdrawal from use .................................................................................................. 26
10. WARRANTY CARD .............................................................................................................................. 26
11. WARRANTY TERMS ........................................................................................................................... 27
11.1. Warranty claims procedures ............................................................................................................ 27
11.2. Warranty repairs record ................................................................................................................... 28
-1-
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
1. IDENTIFYING THE MACHINE
Data plate is mounted to the rake’s main frame in the place shown below (Fig. 1).
Fig. 1. Data plate place
Data plate includes:
- name of the manufacturer,
- rake’s serial number,
- rake’s type,
- manufacturing date,
- version number,
Fig. 2. Data plate
- weight,
- quality management sign,
- CE sign,
- MADE IN POLAND sign,
- barcode.
CAUTION:
Should the contents of the herein manual be unclear, for more detailed
information on the machine ask the manufacturer or your dealer.
2. INTRODUCTION
This operator’s manual should be considered as the basic rake’s equipment. If the rake is handed
over to another operator, it should be in working condition and given away along with
operator’s manual and it’s other basic equipment.
Operator’s manual is attached to every machine in order that the operator can familiarize
himself with design, working principles, service and adjustment of the rake. The user of the rake
should be familiar with common safety rules and procedures.
The rake is manufactured according to international safety rules.
Compliance with the warnings in this operator’s manual will ensure safe operation.
Please contact your dealer if you have any queries relating to the operation and service of
the rake.
This operator’s manual is an indispensable part of any machine and is intended to familiarize
future user with principles of proper operation and use of the machine as well as the risks
involved.
GENERAL WARNING
When operating the rake please comply with the warnings and safety
regulations shown throughout this manual by this safety alert symbol.
CAUTION:
Operation of the rake before reading the operator’s manual carefully as well
as operating by the unauthorized staff, especially by children, is strictly
forbidden.
-2-
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
Operator’s manual
3. PROPER USE
SaMASZ rotary rake is designed for raking forage, dry forage and hay. Rotary rake can only
be used by people familiar with its technical data, danger situations that may occur during operation
and how to avoid them.
CAUTION:
Use of the rake for other purposes than the above mentioned is forbidden.
Different use than the above mentioned will be considered as improper and
may lead to revoking of the warranty. Rake should be used, operated and
repaired only by people familiarized with its detailed specifications and with
safety rules and regulations. Willful changes of the rake will lead to revoking
of the warranty.
3.1. Technical data
Tab. 1. Technical data
Type:
Operating width
Width of tool-in-use system
Length of tool-in-use system
Height of tool-in-use system
Transport width
Transport length
Transport height without arms
Transport height with arms
Tractor PTO speed
Tractor power
Tractor 3-point linkage category
Working capacity
Number of rotors
Number of arms
Axles on the rotors
Wheel dunder rotors
Recommended tire pressure
Wheel
Recommended tire pressure
Articulated telescopic shaft with
unidirectional clutch
Noise level
LpA
LAmax
LCpeak
Z2-780
Z2-840
7,00-7,60 m
7,70-8,50 m
7,20-7,80 m
8,15-8,95 m
5,65 m
6,10 m
1,60 m
1,60 m
2,90 m
2,99 m
5,50 m
6,10 m
3,40 m
3,75 m
4,10 m
4,35 m
300÷350 rpm
45 kW (60 HP)
II
~ 8,0 ha/h
~ 9,0 ha/h
2 pcs.
2 x 11 pcs.
Tandem axle
Turned axles
16 x 6.50
2,2 bar
340/55-16 140A8
1,8 bar
716 Nm
64,0 ± 3,2 dB
64,5 ± 3,2 dB
91,5 ± 3,2 dB
LpA –
noise level related to 8 hour working time. Averaged in time acoustic pressure level
corrected by frequency characteristic A.
LAmax – maximum value corrected by frequency characteristic A of acoustic pressure level.
LCpeak – peak level of acoustic pressure corrected by frequency characteristic C.
-3-
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
Operator’s manual
3.2. Design and working principle
9
1
7
12
2
6
5
3
4
11
9
4
10
5
6
7
8
Fig. 3. Double-sided rotary rake
1 – Hitch
2 – Main frame
3 – PTO shaft
4 – Gearbox
5 – Arms
6 – Tines
7 – Safety guard
8 – Tine holder
9 – Adjustment lever
10 – Windrow curtain
11 – Trolley
12 – Support leg
The hitch (1) enables attaching the rake to tractor’s lower pins. The driver from tractors PTO
is transmitted by means of PTO shaft placed inside the main frame of the rake (2) on an intersecting
axis gear and then by means of shafts (3) on rotor gearboxes (4). On a rotor there are arms mounted
(5), to which the arms with tines are attached (6). On the arms there are safety guards (7). During
transport outside arms are taken off and placed inside the holders (8). Adjustment levers (9) are
used to regulate the height of raking. The rake is equipped with a curtain (10), which formulates
a windrow. Under the rotor gearboxes rake trolleys (11).
-4-
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
3.3. Standard equipment and spare parts
The rakes are sold with the following standard equipment:
warranty card,
operator’s manual along with spare parts list,
PTO shaft,
Spray paint (150 ml).
Tab. 2. Recommended PTO shafts for rotary rake
Model
Z2-780
Z2-840
Power
Length
Moment
HP
mm
Nm
55
710-1058
716
Symbol
Joint/ clutch
Manufacturer
7G7R071CE007WR7A
Wide-angle /
overrunning
Bondioli &
Pavesi
Notes
PTO shaft’s end with wide angle joint
clutch – To be mounted on the rake’s side.
PTO shaft’s end without clutch –
To be mounted on tractor’s side.
Fig. 4. PTO shaft lubrication points. Mounting directions
UWAGA:
Lubricate the PTO shaft with high quality multi-purpose grease every
50 shaft operating hours. If access holes are available, lubricate fittings
through access holes. See decal on guard if applicable (Fig. 4).
PTO shafts of other brands with equivalent parameters could be used after SaMASZ permission.
4. SAFETY ADVICE
4.1. Safety rules and regulations
Front axis of the tractor should be weighted to keep the balance. If need be, use front wheel
weights.
Operation without safety guards as well as with the damaged or raised guards is not allowed
(danger of the stones, etc. being thrown out).
Raking can only be started after the power take-off reaches a nominal PTO speed.
Nobody is allowed to remain within the danger area of at least 50 m. Particular caution is
necessary when operating near roads and in stoney areas.
Any maintenance and adjustment work should only be done after the drive has been
disconnected and when the rotors have come to the complete standstill.
When driving on public roads always comply with local traffic regulations, especially
concerning warning lights.
-5-
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
CAUTION:
All service and repair operations must be done only after the tractor engine
has been stopped, all rotating parts have come to the complete standstill.
CAUTION:
Be certain that children and animals are at a safe distance away from the
machine. Never allow anyone to ride on a machine or tractor.
The bolts and other fasteners have to be periodically checked and, if necessary, tightened or
replaced. DO NOT work with damaged or worn fasteners.
When operating the rake, the tractor should always be equipped with the cabin.
During operation of the rake the Regulation of the Farm Ministry and Food Economy
(Rozporządzenie Ministra Rolnictwa i Gospodarki Żywnościowej) from 12-01-1998 dealing
with safety and hygiene during the operation of tractors, machinery, tools and equipment used
for farming (Dz. U. Nr 12/98 poz. 51), should be observed,
When operating the rake, the tractor should always be equipped with the cabin.
Rake should not be operated when the tractor-rake set is not balanced.
Never start the rake when it is lifted.
Never start the rake, when people or animals are near the machine.
Always comply with the safety decals describing hazards, and warning signs placed on
the machine.
Before you start the tractor make sure that every other drives are turned off and the levers
steering hydraulics are in neutral position.
Never leave the tractor’s engine running without supervision. Before you leave the tractor, turn
off the engine and put off the key from tractor’s ignition switch.
It is forbidden to operate the rake when driving backwards.
Never get on the rake in any case.
Never lift the rake on tractor’s 3-point linkage when the drive is on and the rotors are rotating.
Never stand between tractor and rake, before tractor-rake set is secured against moving by
the tractor’s brake.
Every maintenance work and regulations can be done only when the rake is on the ground.
If any maintenance work or regulation under lifted rake is needed, it must be secured against
falling.
When the parts of the rake need replacement, use only original spare parts according to spare
parts list.
Pay particular attention to PTO shaft’s guards and rake’s and tractor’s spline shaft guards.
Never work with damaged guards.
The rake should be stored under roofed places and in the way that it will not harm people or
animals.
Do not leave agricultural machinery on slopes or other descents without providing protection
against its free runaway.
Due to risk of tipping, it is not permissible to fold rotors for work on cants (across the slope).
Setting the machine should be performed on an even ground or upwards/down the slope.
When operating over a stony field or nearby roads there exists a risk of throwing out stones or
other objects, which may pose a danger for passing-by vehicles on the road or for passers-by.
Therefore keep the safe distance.
Rotating spring tines and other rotary elements present a danger to health and life of persons
present nearby the machine. Do not touch any moving machine parts.
The operator is not allowed to leave the tractor while driving.
Prior to approaching operation with the machine, make sure that all safety guards are not
damaged and fitted in place.
-6-
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
Check pressure in the machine's wheels regularly.
In the event of any break in the equipment operation, turn off the drive.
Bear in mind that when operating and transporting the machine in areas where high voltage
lines are present, special caution should be exercised due to possibility of contacting the
aggregate with the lines.
Prior to performing any maintenance works, assembly, disassembly, set the machine onto a
stable ground and protect against unintentional shifting.
When cleaning the machine, use personal protective equipment for health protection.
In case of a fatal failure, stop the machine's drive, turn the tractor's engine off and take out the
ignition key. Then call for technical service, and if an accident (in this case: road accident)
occurs, respect first aid rules and contact responsible authorities.
4.2. Transport
Every position change of the rake can only be done when there is nobody around (pay particular
attention to children).
For the transport period put warning plate with combined lights and reflectors and warning
triangle on the rake.
During transport always put the rake to transport position. See chapter 5.2.
Before putting the rake to transport position make sure, that the tractor’s PTO is turned off and
all the rotating parts have come to complete standstill.
Driving speed should always be adjusted to road conditions.
Permissible speed is 30 km/h (17 mph) and it cannot be exceeded.
Before transporting the rake make sure that mechanical locking pawls are properly locked on
pins.
Before transporting the rake make sure that support legs are lifted and protected.
4.3. Putting the rake onto another vehicle for transport
The driver and the carrier are responsible for rake’s transport safety. Equipment and parts
must be secured during transport.
To put the rake onto another vehicle in a safe way, please obey the following rules:
seize the rake by any lifting devices only in the places indicated by the hook sign (Fig. 5),
for rake lifting use only lifting devices with hoisting capacity bigger than rake’s weight shown
in data plate. It also concerns ropes and chains used for lifting,
transport belts, belt suspensions, ropes cannot be damaged. Whenever damages to these parts
are spotted replace these with new ones,
when mounting slings, chains, handles etc. always pay attention to setting the machine's centre
of gravity properly,
to catch machines, pick ropes of adequate length, so that the angle between them is no greater
than 120°, and the angle between the strand and the vertical is no greater than 60°,
collapsible parts should be blocked in transport position,
during putting the rake onto another vehicle it is forbidden for anybody to remain in transport
area,
on the vehicle’s trailer the machine should be secured against moving.
CAUTION:
Securing maneuvering area and transport of the rake is the responsibility of a
person who does it.
-7-
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
Fig. 5. Location of centre of gravity
Tab. 3. Location of centre of gravity
Dimension [mm]
A
B
Model
Z2-780
1670
3120
Z2-840
1825
3375
4.4. Working parts
Before operating the rake check tine’s condition.
Worn or damaged tines should be immediately replaced with new one.
CAUTION:
During replacement of working parts, it should be used personal protective gloves.
4.5. PTO shaft
Before operating learn provisions found in bar manufacturer's manual placed on the bar.
Use only PTO shafts recommended by rake’s manufacturer.
In order to operate safely use only fully technically fit, undamaged PTO shafts. Damaged PTO
shaft shall be repaired or replaced with new one.
Before any operation make sure whether PTO rpm have proper rotational direction.
4.6. Hydraulic assembly
Caution! Hydraulic assembly is under pressure! Hydraulic oil under pressure may permeate
through skin and cause serious injury, therefore skin and eyes should be protected in particular. In
case of injuries caused by a liquid under pressure, call a doctor immediately.
Hydraulic hoses can be connected to tractor's hydraulics, provided that both the tractor’s and
the tedder's hydraulic assemblies are not under pressure. To remove the pressure from the hoses just
simply restart the tractor's hydraulic valves several times, once the tractor is off.
When dismounting the machine from the tractor, set the equipment aside, deflate the
pressure from hydraulics and turn tractor's engine off.
When controlling for hydraulic assembly's malfunction and looking for oil leaks, it is
forbidden to touch any potential leaks until the entire assembly is under pressure.
Note! It is recommended to use hydraulic oil featuring oil purity class 9 - 10 in
accordance with NAS 1638.
-8-
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
When using hydraulic hoses:
Avoid stretching the hoses when operating.
Do not allow hydraulic hoses to get deflected.
Do not expose hydraulic hoses to contact with any sharp edges.
If damaged or worn, replace the hoses with new ones.
Useful life for hydraulic hoses is 5 years from their production date.
4.7. Residual risk
Despite the fact, that company SaMASZ Białystok – the manufacturer of the rake takes
responsibility for design and manufacturing of the rake, in order to eliminate dangerous situations,
certain risk during rake’s operation is unavoidable.
Major source of risk follows performance of these operations:
operation of rake by minors as well as not being familiarized with operator's manual,
operation of rake by persons under influence of alcohol or other abusive substances,
not keeping caution while transportation and shifting of rake during operation,
transport of persons remaining on the machine,
presence of persons and animals within the rake operation range,
performing operations related to servicing and adjustment with engine on.
4.7.1. Danger of catching
This kind of risk occurs during changing the position of a rake, operation near rotating parts,
working without safety guards.
During operation, maintenance and regulations always wear protective gloves, shoes and
clothes without loose parts, belts and so on. Always comply with safety decals placed on the rake.
4.7.2. Danger of injury and abrasion
This kind of risk occurs during: replacement of working parts with sharp edges, cleaning the
machine, removing the clogging and jams . During any maintenance work always use safety gloves.
4.7.3. Danger of liquid ejection out of hydraulic system
During connection of hydraulic hoses to hydraulic connectors make sure, that either tractor’s
or tedder’s hydraulic system is without pressure.
During operation of hydraulic system always wear protective glasses and gloves. Check
regularly hydraulic hoses.
4.6.4. Bans
Please bear in mind the following bans during rake’s operation:
never unblock the rake, make any regulations or repairs of the rake while it is in motion,
never change the order of operation and maintenance activities described in operator’s manual,
never operate the rake when it is not in working order or has damaged safety guards,
never get your hands and legs close to rotating parts of the rake,
during repair and maintenance of the rake always comply with the descriptions included in
operator’s manual. Always do these activities when the tractor’s drive is off,
before you start any activities, focus your attention on them,
never operate the rake under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or strong medicines,
your clothes should not be too loose, or too tight. Too loose cloth parts may be pulled in by
the rotating parts of the rake,
the rake cannot be operated by children or by handicapped people.
When describing residual risk, the rake is treated as a machine, that up to the moment of its
putting in motion it had been designed and manufactured according to technology level actual till
the day of rake’s manufacture.
CAUTION:
Residual risk occurs in case of not complying with described instructions and
bans.
-9-
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
4.6.5. Residual risk assessment
When keeping such recommendations as:
thorough familiarizing with operator’s manual,
no persons remaining on the machine when operating and during drives,
no persons remaining within the rake operation range,
adjustment, maintenance and lubrication of the machine with engine off,
performing repairs of the machine only by skilled persons,
operation of the machine by persons, which are familiarized with operator’s manual,
in the event of the machine protection against children and unauthorized personnel residual risk
when operating the rake may be limited to necessary minimum.
When the risk of exposing to noise cannot be avoided or eliminated by any group
protective means or organization of work, employer (farmer) must:
1) provide the operator with individual means of noise protection, if the noise
level in work place exceeds 80 dB.
2) provide the operator with individual means of noise protection and supervise
the correctness of its usage, if the noise level in work place reaches or exceeds
85 dB.
4.8. Safety decals and their meaning
CAUTION:
a) all warning decals should be clean and legible,
b) lost or damaged decals must be replaced,
c) please order new decals from your dealer or supplier.
N-1
Be extremely careful when PTO
shaft is rotating!
N-3
Caution – read the operator’s
manual before putting the rake into
operation!
N-4
Caution – while making repairs the
machine must be stopped!
N-6
Caution – rotating parts
N-11
N-23
Watch out: power lines!
N-40
Transport hook for lifting of the rake
N-49
Do not get too close to the hoist of
the tractor during operation of the
hoist
N-50
Do not get under the rake
- 10 -
Operator’s manual
N-52
Use protective gloves
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
N-55
N-81
(For: Z2-780)
N-182
(For: Z2-840)
N-82
N-124
N-105
Do not put your hands in the crush
area, when parts are moving.
N-117
Avoid fluid escaping
under pressure.
N-125
Keep away from the machine for
safe distance.
N-167
Do not remain on the machine while
driving.
N-168
Do not touch the machine before the
rotating parts have not come to a
complete standstill
N-183
Caution: danger of leg drawing
N-196, N-198
Recommended tire pressure rakes
N-200
N-202
Admissible transport speed
- 11 -
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
Operator’s manual
N-189
P-3
N-23; N-49; N-52; N-55; N-82
N-117; N-167; N-183; P-3
N-81
N-182
N-3
N-4
N-6; N-9; N-105
N-117; N-124; N-168
N-200
N-40
N-40
N-200
N-198
N-30
N-196
N-198
N-1; N-50
N-150
N-40
N-6; N-9; N-105
N-117; N-124; N-168
Fig. 6. Warning decals placed on the rake
- 12 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
5. OPERATION
5.1. Attaching the rake to the tractor
Rotary rake Z2-780 and Z2-840 works properly with tractors (class 2,0 and power from 60 HP).
The rake should be attached to a tractor with use of tractor's lower pull-cables as provided on
Fig. 7. For this purpose drive the tractor at the rake's catch, and then place hangers W of
tractor's lower pull-cables on pins S on the rake's linkage.
Once the rake is mounted turn support leg back.
Connect hydraulic hoses.
Connect the machine's lighting cables to the tractor and check the lights for operation.
Connect telescopic articulated shaft. If need be shorten the shaft as per item 5.4.
W
S
Fig. 7. Connecting the rake to the tractor
After the rake has been attached to tractor, check the balance and steerability of tractor - rake
set. In order to perform this, the tractor should be weighed and then driven onto the scales with the
tractor's front axis only (tedder must be in transport position, so lifted upwards). If the pressure on
the front axis is at least 20% of the whole set’s pressure, it means the set is stable. If not, the front
axis should be balanced.
5.2. Preparing the rake to transport
CAUTION:
Switching the machine from working to transport position, and the other way
round can only be done on an even and stable ground. Prior to starting any
works make sure that nearby the machine there are no unauthorized persons
exposed to being crushed.
To prepare the rake to transport and to meet safety precautions, please do the following:
due to safety reasons, before setting the rake to transport position turn off the PTO shaft; raking
arms cannot be in motion,
lift safety guards to transport position,
take off extreme rotors, put them in the transport holes, (depending on the maximum height of
the obstacles during transport),
lift support legs,
lift working assemblies and secure them with a pawl.
- 13 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
Fig. 8. Rotary rake in transport position
CAUTION:
When lifting the machine for transport pay attention so that the tractor's glass
pane is closed. Protective barriers found on the rake may damage the glass.
5.3. Preparing the rake for transport on public roads
To meet safety precautions concerning transport on the public roads in Poland the rake should
be equipped with portable warning-light plates, to be mounted on both sides of rake (standard
equipment).
CAUTION:
Warning devices can be ordered from the rake’s manufacturer.
CAUTION:
Do not drive on public roads if the machine's transport height is more than 4 m
(when transported, transport height should be lowered by disassembling
outermost the arms).
5.4. Mounting PTO shaft
PTO shaft’s end with wide-angle joint should be mounted on rakes’s side.
The PTO shaft plastic guards have to be secured by fastening their small chains to immovable
parts of tractor and rake.
CAUTION:
If need be, shorten the PTO haft according to its operator’s manual given by
the shaft’s manufacturer (Fig. 9).
Fig. 9. Instruction of PTO shaft shortening
- 14 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
CAUTION:
The PTO shaft should be mounted only during operation time and
disconnected from tractor PTO for transport and service.
CAUTION:
Use the machines with PTO shafts designed to drive them. Before the work
begins, check the safety guards (in tractor, rake and PTO shaft), if they are
placed correctly and are not damaged. Damaged or lost parts must be replaced
with genuine ones. Make sure the PTO shaft is properly mounted. It is
forbidden to approach the rotating parts, because it may lead to serious injuries
or even death. All service and repair operations must be done only after the
tractor engine has been stopped, all rotating parts have come to the complete
standstill and the cutterbar is on the ground. Before the operation begins, read
operator’s manuals of both the machine and PTO shaft.
CAUTION:
PTO shaft’s end with wide-angle join should be mounted on rake’s side.
5.5. Switching from transport to working position
make sure there is nobody around in the place where you are going to lower the rake,
unblock the locks with a cord,
by means of hydraulic lifting lower arms of the rake in the slowliest way in order to cushion
contact with the ground,
take off arms from transport holders, put them into the rotors and secure them with cotter pins,
lower safety guards.
5.6. Preparing the rake for work
CAUTION:
During storing of the machines in company SaMASZ the cylinders are
protected by special grease in order to secure them against weather which may
cause their premature wear. Before starting the operation excess grease should
be removed from the cylinders.
Due to large dimensions of rakes, 4 arms are originally dismounted on each rotor for transport
purposes (TIR). In order to dismount these quicker they are mounted in factory with bolts. For
operation purposes put expansion pins which are provided with the machine instead of factory bolts
as given below:
untighten bolts from four outer arms on the rakes in each of transmissions (Fig. 10),
support rake arm in order to avoid damaging transmission connecting rod (Fig. 11),
Fig. 10. Provisional mounting of rake arms with bolts
- 15 -
Fig. 11. Supporting rake arm
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
hammer expansion pins into holes, where bolts were previously found. Put pin Ø10 and Ø6 into
a single hole (Fig. 13).
Fig. 12. Hammering expansion pins
Fig. 13. Properly hammered pins
Prior the first machine start-up, replace (Fig. 14) temporary wheel bolts (S), located in the
place of wheel header and rear wheel axle coupling, for Ø16 and Ø10 roll pins (K). Roll pins are in
a parts package, which comes together with the machine. Roll pins need to be put in the way shown
on Fig. 13.
S
K
Fig. 14. Rake wheelbase refitting
When the rake is in working position, please do the following:
connect PTO shaft between tractor and rake,
by means of regulation lever (lift or lower) adjust demanded working height (not lower than 1
cm above the ground),
Fig. 15. Working height regulation lever
on peat meadows there is a possibility to increase the distance of tines from the ground by
shifting arms of wheels‘ trolley. In rotary rake Z2-780 unscrew the nut (1) and take off washer
(2), pull out front arm. (3) and rotate it 180°. Rotate left (4) and right arm (5) 180° and switch
their places (Fig. 16),
- 16 -
Operator’s manual
1 2
5
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
Zamiana miejscami
ramienia
lewego z prawym
180
180
180
1 2
3
4 2 1
Fig. 16. Increasing working width by means of wheel trolley Z2-780
In rotary rake Z2-840 for turf meadows it is possible to increase the distance between raking
tines from the ground by mounting the driving trolley's wheel arms in a different way. For this lift
up the driving trolley and secure against an uncontrolled fall. Unscrew nuts (1), remove washers
(2), and then draw out the arm of front wheels (3) and insert the locking pin (4) into lower sleeve
(5). Trolley's pin (6) should be located in upper sleeve (7). Left (8) and right (9) arm to be switched
analogically (Fig. 17).
9
8
2
7
4
6 SUPPORT
1
5
3
Fig. 17. Increasing working width by means of wheel trolley Z2-840
Z2-780
Z2-840
a)
b)
a)
160 mm
b)
210 mm
Fig. 18. Trolley’s height with a) normal regulation, b) increased height
- 17 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
turn on tractor’s PTO and work with medium rpm e.g. 300÷350 rpm. Long work with nominal
540 rpm. will cause premature wear of gearbox,
engage tractor gear and drive slowly into the swath. Working speed is a resultant of clean
raking.
min. 1
Fig. 19. Rotary rake in working position
CAUTION:
Working with one rake is possible only after PTO shaft of the second rake is
dismounted.
5.7. Working width adjustment mechanism
a) Manual extension (Z2-780 – standard)
Fig. 20. Transport position (working width adjustment is possible)
b) Hydraulic extension (Z2-780 – option; Z2-840 – standard)
Rake’s regulation of working width is done by hydraulic cylinders on each working unit.
Fig. 21. Hydraulic cylinders extension
- 18 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
CAUTION:
Manual regulation of rake’s working width (arms lifted up). Hydraulic
extension can be done in transport as well as on headlands (Fig. 26).
5.8. Operation
Rotary rake is designed for raking forage, dry forage and hay after rotary rake treatment.
Speed should be adjusted to terrain conditions, swath size and cleanliness of raking.
3 230
O
Fig. 22. Proper operation of rotary rake
Movable linkage adjustment L (Fig. 23) enables perfect ground following.
L
Fig. 23. Linkage of rake
a)
b)
γ
α
δ
β
Fig. 24. Transverse a) and axial b) ground following
- 19 -
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
Operator’s manual
Tab. 4. Ground following range
Z2-780
15°
5°
5°
5°
α
β
γ
δ
Z2-840
25°
8°
8°
6°
6-wheel trolleys in standard equipment enables pressure decreasing on the ground, which is
crucial on soft terrain e.g. peat meadows. Small ground unevennes (e.g. stones) are levelled by
movable, tandem wheels (Fig. 25).
Fig. 25. Tandem wheels
5.9. Taking turns over swaths
During lifting of the arms (1) and (2) the lock (3) is automatically blocked when taking turns
over swaths (Fig. 26).
1
2
Fig. 26. Taking turns over swaths
4
5
3
4
a)
3
b)
Fig. 27. Lock (3) blocked when taking turns over swaths a) Z2-780, b) Z2-840
In order to lift working units to transport position use the cord (4) to lift the lock during first
phase of lifting working units.
- 20 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
5.10. Removing clogging and jams
When operating the mower pay attention to variable conditions on field, which may influence
the mower clogging and jams, such as: terrain unevenness, height and density of grass as well as
other objects in the grass (stones, branches, piles of soil). In order to avoid clogging and jams,
operating speed should be adjusted to the mentioned conditions.
CAUTION:
Removing clogs and jams while the machine is in operation can lead to the
accident !
In case of machine blockage caused by wrapped material, set the machine on a flat surface,
remove excess material using sharp tool. After clearing the machine check if nothing has been
damaged.
To remove any clogging it is obligatory to disconnect the drive and the motor, take out the
ignition key. When eliminating any clogging on the machine, use also safety means for operator, so
protective gloves and tight wear.
5.11. Dismounting machine from tractor
CAUTION:
When dismounting, make sure there is no person in between the machine
and the tractor.
To dismount the machine from the tractor:
Set the machine onto an even, stable ground,
Turn the tractor's ignition off and take the key out,
Secure the machine against moving by placing wedges at wheels,
Fold out the support leg and protect with safety pin,
Disconnect the machine's hydraulics and electrics from the tractor,
Dismount the telescopic articulated shaft and place it on the shaft holder, which is standarddelivered with the machine,
Detach the machine from the tractor.
- 21 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
6. MOUNTING AND ADJSUTMENTS
6.1. Mounting and timing of the tines
The tines should be mounted as shown in Fig. 28.
Fig. 28. Mounting of rake’s tines
CAUTION:
Use only the tines recommended by the manufacturer.
CAUTION:
Before you change the tine check rotor turns (Fig. 28).
6.2. Daily maintenance
Every day after work please carry out the following maintenance:
check all visible units and parts and their connections; tighten all loose bolts and nuts and
replace all damaged and/or worn parts with new genuine ones,
clean the rake each day after working,
clean the rake each day after working from mud, grass and dirt,
check rotor’s condition,
grease PTO shaft tubes with STP grease,
if necessary, lubricate the parts and units according to lubrication instructions (chapter 7).
6.3. After-season maintenance
At the end of the season the rake should be cleaned, washed and dried. Carefully grease
unpainted surfaces and 3-point linkage pins. After that the following work should be carried out:
remove any traces of rust and paint the area affected,
check lubrication of intersecting axis gears. If leaks occur, remove them immediately,
periodically check the rake and secure the moving parts with grease to prevent the rake from
rust, which affects proper functioning of the rake.
The dismounted machine should be stored in a standstill position (unfolded tine arms together
with rotors, drive chassis set on the ground like in position to work, main frame rest on secured
support stand). It is recommended to store the set on a paved ground, preferably in dry, roofed
places, inaccessible to unauthorized personnel (mainly children). If the machine is exposed to
weather conditions, apply lubrication regularly.
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Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
6.3.1. Restarting the machine after longer idle periods
Make sure that all nuts and screws are tightened with correct torque (Tab. 5).
Make sure that all guards are installed in place.
As the storing period is over lubricate the whole machine.
Check pressure in tires.
Tab. 5. Torque values for bolts
7. LUBRICATION
7.1. Gearbox
Before daily work check the oil level and, if needed, refill. The oil level can be checked by
the check opening B (Fig. 29. Please refill the oil (Transol 680) until it is visible in the check
opening B. Vent C is used for draining of oil. The oil capacity in gear is about 3L.
To replace oil in gears:
Prepare an adequate tank for the used oil to be disposed,
Open fuel cap A and the drain plug C,
Drain oil from the gear,
Close drain plug C,
Refill the oil level until it is visible in the check opening B,
Close fuel cap A.
A
B
C
Fig. 29. Properly hammered pins
- 23 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
7.2. Bearings and joints
Every 50 hours of rake’s operation, pay attention to lubricating points D and E of the gear
(Fig. 30) and trolley (Fig. 31) with grease ŁT43 (or other lubricant designed for lubricating rolling
and sliding bearings, which are exposed to operating in temperatures between -30°C and +130°C).
D
E
Fig. 30. Lubricating points of gear
Lubrication
points
Fig. 31. Lubricating points of trolley
Every 50 hours of rake’s operation, pay attention to lubricating joints (Fig. 32) with STP
lubricant.
Lubrication
point
Lubrication
points
Fig. 32. Lubrication points of the joints
- 24 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
7.3. Risks present when lubricating:
If risk of splashing is present, make sure to wear protective eyewear with side guards.
When lubricating protect eyes and skin against contact with the substance. Therefore use
adequate protective wear with long sleeves and protective footwear. Also use protective
gloves. In case of a contact with skin, immediately wash the infected area with plenty of
water with soap.
Do not allow the product to contaminate water outlets, water courses and soils.
In case of an unintentional release to the environment plug the leak, limit the spillage, and
then collect the oil with non-flammable absorbent material (e.g. sand).
The product is flammable. In case of fire, use adequate fire-extinguishing means (e.g. foam,
water mist, extinguishing powders). Do not use water jets.
Disposal of the used product must be made according to official regulations. Improper
disposal of the used oil poses danger to the environment.
8. DEFECTS AND THEIR REPAIRS
Defect
The rake does not
lift/lower hydraulically
Leaking cylinder
The rake leaves most most
part of the swath
Reason
Damaged or dirty
components of hydraulics
Damaged hydraulic unit of
the tractor
Dirty oil in hydraulic unit of
the tractor
Bent tines of the rake or lack
of them
Too low rotation speed
Wrong height of operation
Excesive vibration during
work
Damaged PTO shaft
Rakes falls during
transportation
Improperly set rear driving
wheels
Damaged raking tines
Raking arms set too low
Contamination of raked
swath
Raking tines immersed too
deep
Twisted raking tines
Oil leak in gear
Not tight assembly
- 25 -
Repair
Replace or clean connecting
components of the hydraulics
Check condition of hydraulic
unit of the tractor
Replace oil in hydraulic unit of
the tractor (recommended class
of cleanliness of oil according to
NAS 1638 is minimum 9-10).
Purchase repair kit of the
cylinder and replace damaged
sealings
Exchange tines
Increase rpm
Regulate operation height
according to point 5.7.
„Preparing the rake to work”
Check the condition of PTO
shaft and if need be replace
Set wheels properly in
accordance with item 5.4 and
5.7.
Set raking height properly with
adjusting crank or with trolley
(turf soils)
Set bigger distance between
raking arms and the ground
Replace with new ones
Examine tightness and check oil
level.
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
9. DISASSEMBLY AND WITHDRAWAL FROM USE
9.1. Disassembly
Before starting any repair or service the rake should be cleaned and any grass or dirt removed.
Carefully check nuts and bolts for correct tension and the pins for wear. Replace as necessary.
CAUTION:
Before disassembly the rake should be disconnected from the tractor.
The following operations are to be made once the machine is repaired:
make sure that all elements are installed properly,
install the dismounted guards,
check whether screws and nuts are tightened,
once all the guards are installed, perform a warm-up start in order to make sure the repaired
machine operates properly.
9.2. Demontage and withdrawal from use
If the rake cannot be repaired anymore, it should be withdrawn from use.
For this purpose oil from intersecting axis gears should be drained and delivered to a proper
waste treatment company. Clean rake’s parts, dismantle and dispose properly of all plastic parts.
After that, the rake could be sold to breaker’s yard.
CAUTION:
When dismounting the machine pay particular attention to and additional
dangers, as crushing, cutting, wounding, concussion and abrasion. Use
proper tools and personal protective equipment: protective gloves, clothing
and footwear, eye wear, etc. Pay attention so that the machine works
efficiently, and thus it is required to secure the machine with supports.
10. WARRANTY CARD
DOUBLE-SIDED ROTARY RAKE
Serial number
Date of manufacture
Manufacturer’s stamp
QC signature
Date of purchase
Dealer’s stamp
Dealer’s signature
The product quality has been checked and meets required standards and regulations and is permitted
for use.
CAUTION:
A warranty card without the required information or with corrected or
illegible information – is invalid.
- 26 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
11. WARRANTY TERMS
11.1.
Warranty claims procedures
1. The manufacturer guarantees its products against faults in materials or production.
2. The warranty period is for two years from the date of sale to the purchaser, stated above.
3. Any repair which is subject to warranty should be carried out by an authorised SaMASZ dealer.
Upon completion of the repair the dealer must submit a warranty claim within 14 days.
4. Warranty claims regarding replacing of the product or repayment are considered within 14 days
by the manufacturer.
5. The following cases are not covered by warranty:
a) wearing parts: intersecting axis gears and parts inside the gearboxes, bushings and
sliding elements, arms with tines, rubber-metal fenders, safety curtains, tires,
connective elements, cogs and gear pinion etc.
These repairs may be done only at purchaserer’s cost.
b) use for any other purpose than those described in the operator’s manual,
c) working on stoney field and its results,
d) running into any obstacle,
e) too fast lowering of the machine to the ground,
f) setting raking tines lower than 1 cm above the ground,
g) bending or breaking transmission connecting rod,
h) using PTO shaft featuring parameters other than provided by the shaft's
manufacturer, or length not adjusted to operating tractor
i) transport and accidental damage.
6. The Purchaser bears the costs of technical estimation - when the manufacturer finds that
a claimed product is free of defects and a technical report will confirm that.
7. The manufacturer has the right to cancel a warranty in the following cases:
a) interference inside the rake, changes of its mechanical design or intentional damages,
bending parts of the rake and so on,
b) damage caused by accidents, running into obstacles or other events, for which
the warrantor is not responsible,
c) lack of needed records in the warranty card or filling in the warranty card
independently,
d) use of the rake not in accordance with operator’s manual or for incorrect purpose.
8. Manufacturer can break the service agreement with immediate effect when the user do not pay
receivables according to that agreement in a timely manner and the delay in payment is longer
than 30 days from maturity date. Breaking the service agreement caused by the user makes
simultaneous breaching of the warranty.
9. Manufacturer does not take compensation responsibility for the loss caused by breakdown of the
machine during work.
CAUTION:
Please ask your dealer to complete and return the warranty card, otherwise
you may lose your warranty rights.
CAUTION:
The warranty card is valid only when there are the following information:
address, date and place of purchase, rake type and invoice number
- 27 -
Operator’s manual
Double – sided rotary rake
Z2-780; Z2-840
CAUTION:
When the warranty expires, repairs can be done for a payment by the entitled
repair shops pointed by the dealer. The dealer is obliged to indicate them.
CAUTION:
Company SaMASZ is working constantly on development of all types and
models. That is why, there is always a possible change of form, equipment
and technology of delivered products. Any claims arising from data,
drawings and descriptions included in this operator’s manual and spare parts
list cannot be laid.
Company SaMASZ is not responsible for printing errors.
11.2.
Warranty repairs record
Repairs description and changed spare parts:
Date, stamp and signature of repair shop.
Date, stamp and signature of repair shop.
Date, stamp and signature of repair shop.
- 28 -
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