Installation
Manual
905U-L Wireless
I/O
Version 1.7
man_905U-L_installation_v1.7 .doc
905U-L Wireless I/O Installation Manual
Document information
Installation Manual 905U-L Wireless I/O Version 1.7
ELPRO contact details
Address >
9 /12 Billabong Street Stafford, QLD 4053
Telephone >
+ 61 (0)7 3352 8600
Fax >
+ 61 (0)7 3352 8677
Email >
sales@elprotech.com
Website >
www.elprotech.com
Copyright
Copyright © ELPRO Technologies Pty Ltd. All rights reserved.
Limited lifetime warranty, disclaimer and limitation of remedies
ELPRO products are warranted to be free from manufacturing defects for the “serviceable lifetime” of the product.
The “serviceable lifetime” is limited to the availability of electronic components. If the serviceable life is reached in
less than three years following the original purchase from ELPRO, ELPRO will replace the product with an equivalent
product if an equivalent product is available.
This warranty does not extend to:
-
Failures caused by the operation of the equipment outside the particular product's specification, or
-
Use of the module not in accordance with this User Manual, or
-
Abuse, misuse, neglect or damage by external causes, or
-
Repairs, alterations, or modifications undertaken other than by an authorized Service Agent.
ELPRO’s liability under this warranty is limited to the replacement or repair of the product.
This warranty is in lieu of and exclusive of all other warranties. This warranty does not indemnify the purchaser of
products for any consequential claim for damages or loss of operations or profits and ELPRO is not liable for any
consequential damages or loss of operations or profits resulting from the use of these products. ELPRO is not liable
for damages, losses, costs, injury or harm incurred as a consequence of any representations, warranties or
conditions made by ELPRO or its representatives or by any other party, except as expressed solely in this document.
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Contents
Contents __________________________________________________________________ 3
About this document ............................................................................................................................................ 6
Installing your unit __________________________________________________________ 7
Unit components and connections ....................................................................................................................... 8
Transmitter unit ............................................................................................................................................... 8
Receiver unit ................................................................................................................................................. 11
Installing the antenna ......................................................................................................................................... 13
Supported antennas ...................................................................................................................................... 13
Radio transmission distances........................................................................................................................ 15
Installing and earthing antennas ................................................................................................................... 16
Dipole and collinear antennas ....................................................................................................................... 17
Dipole antennas........................................................................................................................................ 17
Collinear antennas.................................................................................................................................... 17
Yagi antennas ............................................................................................................................................... 19
Installing the power supply ................................................................................................................................. 21
Inputs and outputs _________________________________________________________ 22
Digital inputs .................................................................................................................................................. 23
Relay outputs ................................................................................................................................................ 24
Status outputs ............................................................................................................................................... 25
Analog input .................................................................................................................................................. 26
Thermocouple input....................................................................................................................................... 29
Pulse input .................................................................................................................................................... 30
Analog output ................................................................................................................................................ 31
Installing and configuring the unit ____________________________________________ 33
Installing the unit ................................................................................................................................................ 34
Configuring your units ........................................................................................................................................ 35
Testing your units............................................................................................................................................... 36
Unit specifications _________________________________________________________ 37
Transmitter unit .................................................................................................................................................. 37
Receiver unit ...................................................................................................................................................... 37
Ancillary hardware reference information ........................................................................................................... 38
RS232 serial cable ........................................................................................................................................ 38
Index ____________________________________________________________________ 39
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**IMPORTANT ELECTRICAL SAFETY INFORMATION**
In order to comply with Electrical Safety Regulations, this module must be installed in an Electrical AND
Fire enclosure. This enclosure may be a single or multiple enclosures. Access to the module is to be
made by a Service Person only.
Safety information
Thank you for selecting the 905U-L for your telemetry needs. We trust it will give you many years of valuable service.
To ensure your 905U-L enjoys a long life, double-check ALL your connections with the Installation Guide before
powering on the module.
WARNING: Incorrect termination of supply wires may cause internal damage and will void warranty.
Exposure to RF energy is an important safety consideration. The FCC has adopted a safety standard for human
exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic energy emitted by FCC regulated equipment as a result of its actions in
Docket 93-62 and OET Bulletin 65 Edition 97-01.
FCC Notice when used in USA: 905U Wireless I/O Module
Part
Additional information
15
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to
Part15 of the FCC rules (Code of Federal Regulations 47CFR Part 15). Operation is subject to the condition
that this device does not cause harmful interference.
90
This device has been type accepted for operation by the FCC in accordance with Part90 of the FCC rules
(47CFR Part 90). See the label on the unit for the specific FCC ID and any other certification designations.
Industry Canada: 905U Wireless I/O Module
RSS-119 - This device has been type accepted for operation by Industry Canada in accordance with RSS-119 of the
Industry Canada rules. See the label on the unit for the specific Industry Canada certification number and any other
certification designations.
NOTE: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by ELPRO Technologies P/L could void the user’s
authority to operate this equipment.
To operate this equipment legally the user must obtain a radio-operating license from the government agency. This is
done so the government can coordinate radio users in order to minimize interference.
Safety information - FCC Notice
This device complies with Part 15.247 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

This device may not cause harmful interference; and

This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation
NOTE: This equipment is suitable for use in Class 1 Division 2 groups A, B and C or non-hazardous locations only.
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UL Notice:
THIS EQUIPMENT IS SUITABLE FOR USE IN CLASS I DIVISION 2 GROUPS A,B,C AND D HAZARDOUS
LOCATIONS, OR NONHAZARDOUS LOCATIONS ONLY.
WARNING - EXPLOSION HAZARD - DO NOT DISCONNECT EQUIPMENT WHILE THE CIRCUIT IS LIVE OR
UNLESS THE AREA IS KNOWN TO BE FREE OF IGNITABLE CONCENTRATIONS.
WARNING - EXPLOSION HAZARD - SUBSTITUTION OF ANY COMPONENT MAY IMPAIR SUITABILITY FOR
CLASS I, DIVISION 2.
1. The Wireless I/O module is to be installed by trained personnel / licensed electricians only and installation
must be carried out in accordance with the instructions listed in the Installation Guide and applicable local
regulatory codes.
2. The units are intended for Restricted Access Locations.
3. The Wireless I/O module is intended to be installed in a final enclosure, rated IP54, before use outdoors.
4. The Equipment shall be powered using an external Listed Power Supply with LPS outputs or a Class 2
Power Supply.
5. The Wireless I/O module must be properly grounded for surge protection before use.
About this document
This document is the 905U-L Wireless I/O Installation Manual that describes how to
install your 905U-L units and contains important information for installing your units with
other equipment.
Note
If your network only contains one transmitter and receiver pair, you should also read
the 905U-L QuickStart Guides.
This document contains the following sections:
Section
Read this section if you want to …
Basic steps for using your unit
Learn the basic steps for installing and using your unit.
Factory default configuration
Understand how the transmitter sends information to the receiver.
Unit components
Understand the different parts of your unit.
Antenna installation
Learn how to install an antenna with your unit.
Resetting factory defaults
Reset your unit to the original factory default settings.
Linking transmitter and receiver units
Link your units to work as a dedicated pair.
Safety information
Understand important safety information related to your unit.
NOTE: You must read this information before installing your unit.
Specifications
Know technical information about your unit.
For more information, see the next sections.
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Installing your unit
This section describes how to install your unit and contains the following sections:
Step
Description
For more information, see …
1 – Read the safety
information
Lets you understand important safety
information related to your unit.
Safety information on page 5.
NOTE: You must read this information
before installing your unit.
2 – Get to know the unit
features
Understand the basic features of your
unit.
Unit components and connections
on page 8.
3 – Install the antenna
Learn how to install an antenna with
your unit.
Installing the antenna on page 13.
4 – Install the power supply
Learn how to install a power supply for
your unit.
Installing the power supply on
page 21.
5 – Install the units
Learn how to install your unit.
Installing the unit on page 34.
6 – Linking and configuring
the unit
Learn how to link and configure your
units to transmit and receive
information.
Configuring your units on page 35.
7 – Test the unit
Understand the principles for testing
your units.
Testing your units on page 36.
Note
To ensure internal surge protection works correctly, you must earth each unit using
the Earth terminal.
For more information, see the next sections.
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Unit components and connections
This section shows the components and terminal connections for the transmitter and
receiver units.
Transmitter unit
The 905U-L-T transmitter unit has the following components and terminal connections:
Earth Wire Lug
underneath Unit
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The front panel contains the following components:
The triangle on the rotary switch indicates the current position, for example:
Position 0
Position 1
NOTE: To avoid damaging the rotary switch, use a screwdriver to change the position.
The rotary switch controls the setpoint levels on the Analog and Thermocouple inputs.
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The LEDs on the front panel indicate the unit status:
LED Status
Indicates
None
No power supply.
OK LED Green
Current status of the unit OK.
OK LED Red
Fault condition detected in unit.
TX Led Flashes
Transmitting Message.
PG LED on
Configuration Cable Connected.
Input LED ON
Input LEDS (i.e. D1, D2, SP, AZ.) light when the corresponding input is active.
All LEDs medium flash
905U-L Wireless I/O
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D1
Digital Input 1 is active (Low).
D2
Digital Input 2 is active.
SP
Analog Setpoint is active.
AZ
Analog Input is zero mA
Medium speed flash (1.6HZ) indicates the module is halfway through the
configuration process. Medium flash also happens when you set the rotary switch
to position 0 when powering on the unit.
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905U-L Wireless I/O Installation Manual
Receiver unit
Your 905U-L-R unit has the following components and terminal connections:
- NOT USED
- NOT USED
DO 3
DO 2
- DO 1
+ POWER SUPPLY
-
AO
-
DO 1
+
DC
LOAD
DO 2
LOAD
Max. 30VDC
500mA
+
For inductive load,
use surge diodes
+
LOAD
SYSTEM OK
COMMS FAIL
COMMON
+
24V
-
DO 3
-
AC
LOAD
ANALOG OUTPUT
Max. analog load
900 ohm
+
-
+
POWER SUPPLY
9 – 30 VDC
250mA @ 12V
125mA @ 24V
905U-L Wireless I/O
Version 1.7
DO contacts are rated at 1A, 250VAC
For good engineering practice, use
a surge diode for DC loads and
a surge capacitor (10nF 250V) for AC loads
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The front panel contains the following components:
The LEDs on the front panel indicate the unit status:
LED Status
Indicates
None
No power supply.
OK LED Green
Current status of the unit OK.
OK LED Red
Fault condition detected in unit.
RX Led Flashes
Receiving Message.
CF Led ON
Module Communication Failure Output is active.
PG LED on
Configuration Cable Connected.
Output LED ON
The Output LEDS (i.e. D1, D2, D3) light when the corresponding output is active.
LEDs with RSSI Push
Button Pressed
Output LED flashing
quickly
905U-L Wireless I/O
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D1
Relay output D1 is ON (Contact Closed).
D2
Relay Output D2 is ON.
D3
Relay Output D3 is ON.
When you press the RSSI push button, the unit shows the signal strength by lighting
the LEDs from the bottom to the top. Signal strength is the strength of the last
message received that was addressed to this station.
LED
Signal Strength
LED
Signal Strength
D1
More than -85 dBm
RX
More than -100 dBm
D2
More than -90 dBm
CF
More than -105 dBm
D3
More than -95 dBm
PG
Always on during RSSI test
If an output is in communication failure, the corresponding LED flashes at 5 Hz.
D1
Relay Output D1 is in communication failure.
D2
Relay Output D2 is in communication failure.
D3
Relay Output D3 is in communication failure.
PG
Analog output is in communications failure.
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Installing the antenna
This section explains how to install your antenna and contains the following sections:
Section
Description
For more information, see
…
Supported antennas and cables
Details the antennas and cables you
can use with the units.
Supported antennas on
page 13.
Radio transmission distances
Details the distances for reliable
operation.
Radio transmission
distances on page 15.
Installing and earthing antennas
Details important information about
installing and earthing antennas.
Installing and earthing
antennas on page 16
Dipole and collinear antennas
Details important information about
using dipole and collinear antennas.
Dipole and collinear
antennas on page 17.
Yagi antennas
Details important information about
using Yagi antennas.
Yagi antennas on page 19.
For more information, see the next sections.
Supported antennas
You can use the following antennas with the units:
Antenna
Additional information
Total gain
(including cable)
WH900
Whip antenna for mounting directly onto the module - operation up
to ½ mile (1 km).
-6 dBi
CFD890EL
0 dBi Dipole antenna with 15’ of Cellfoil cable and SMA connector.
0 dBi
SG900EL
5dBi Collinear omni-directional antenna with N-type connector.
5 dBi
SG900-6
8dBi Collinear omni-directional antenna with N-type connector.
8 dBi
YU6/900
10dBi Yagi directional antenna with N-type connector.
10 dBi
YU16/900
15dBi Yagi directional antenna with N-type connector.
15 dBi
You can use the following cables with the units:
The following table shows compatible cables for different antennas when used with the
905U-L-T:
Antenna
North America
Australia/NZ
SG900EL
Any cable.
CC10 or CC20.
SG900-6
Any cable.
CC20.
YU6/900
CC20.
External cable with loss > 9dB.
YU16/900
External cable with loss > 9dB.
External cable with loss > 15 dB
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You must carefully select antennas for 905U-L-T modules to avoid contravening the
maximum power limit on the unlicensed channel. The net gain of the antenna/cable
configuration should be no more than 6dB in North America (USA, Canada, Mexico) and
no more than 0 dB in Australia / New Zealand.
Note
The net gain of an antenna/cable configuration is the gain of the antenna (in dBi)
less the loss in the coaxial cable (in dB).
For example, an SG900-6 antenna with a CC20/900 cable has a net gain of 2dB (i.e.
+8 dB – 6 dB) at 900 MHz.
The 905U-L-R module has no limitation on antenna gain, as this module does not
incorporate a radio transmitter.
The following table details the gains of some typical antennas:
Antenna
Gain (dBi)
Dipole with integral 3m cable
0
Dipole without cable
2
5dBi Collinear (3dBd)
5
8dBi Collinear (6dBd)
8
3 element Yagi
5
6 element Yagi
10
The following table details losses for typical cables:
Cable
Loss (dB per 10m)
at 900 MHz
RG58
-5
RG213
-2.5
Cellfoil
-3
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Radio transmission distances
The unit will operate reliably over large distances depending on the:




Antenna type;
Antenna location;
Amount of radio interference; and
Radio path obstructions (e.g. hills or trees).
Typical reliable distances are:
Area
Distance
Additional information
USA/Canada
20+ miles
6dB net gain antenna configuration permitted (4W Equivalent RF power permitted).
Australia/NZ
20+ km
Unity gain antenna configuration (1W Equivalent RF power permitted).
To achieve these distance, you must elevate at least one site on a hill or transmission
tower.
Modules will operate reliably with some radio path obstruction; however obstructions also
reduce the reliable distance.
Note
You must test all obstructed paths to check the reliability of the path.
You can achieve maximum transmission distances if the radio path has “line of sight”. For
example, raising antennas above intermediate obstructions including hills, trees, etc.
Obstructions reduce the range; however they may not prevent a reliable path.
The closer the obstruction is to the antenna, the greater the blocking effect. For example,
a group of trees around the antenna is a larger obstruction than a group of trees further
away from the antenna. You can achieve longer distances by mounting one antenna on
top of a hill.
Note
Due to the earth’s curvature, you must elevate antennas higher than the ground
level between the antennas for longer paths (greater than 3 miles / 5 km).
The unit can tolerate larger amounts of obstructions for shorter distances. For very short
distances, you can also mount the antennas inside buildings.
If two 905U modules cannot communicate reliably, you can use a third 905U module as a
“repeater” to receive and re-transmit messages. This module may also have input/output
(I/O) signals connected to it and form part of the I/O network.
Note
1. ELPRO recommends using the 905U-G module as a repeater unit between 905UL-T and 905U-L-R modules.
2. To use a repeater unit, the 905U-L modules and the repeater module must be
configured using the supplied configuration software. The factory default
configuration described in the Quick Start Guide cannot use a repeater unit.
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Installing and earthing antennas
You must connect an antenna to each 905 module using the SMA connector at the top of
the enclosure.
ELPRO recommends carefully taping the connections between the antenna and coaxial
cable to prevent moisture ingress. Moisture ingress in the coaxial cable is a common
cause of radio system problem as it greatly increases the radio losses.
ELPRO recommends taping the connection with three layers of tape:
Layer
Tape
1
PVC tape.
2
Vulcanising tape (e.g. 3M 23 tape).
3
Additional layer of PVC UV-stabilized insulating tape.
The first tape layer lets you easily inspect the joint if required as you can easily remove
the vulcanising seal.
Note
You must effectively earth all masts for mast-mounted antennas to avoid lightning
surges. We also recommend using a coaxial surge diverter for antennas mounted
outside industrial plant environments.
If the antenna is not already shielded from lightning strike by an adjacent earthed
structure, you can provide shielding by installing a lightning rod above the antenna.
You should connect the antenna to the module using 50 ohm coaxial cable (e.g. RG58 or
RG213) terminated with a male coaxial connector, The higher the antenna is mounted, the
greater the transmission range; however as the length of coaxial cable increases so do
cable losses. For use on unlicensed frequency channels, there are several types of
antenna suitable for use.
If you mount antennas on elevated masts, you should effectively earth the masts to avoid
lightening surges. The 905U-L radios are fitted with surge protection.
Note
For high lightening risk areas, ELPRO recommends additional surge suppression
devices. If the antenna is not already shielded from lightening strike by an adjacent
earthed structure, you can install a lightening rod to provide shielding.
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Dipole and collinear antennas
This section contains important information for using dipole and collinear antennas. For
more information, see the next sections.
Dipole antennas
Unity gain dipole antennas are commonly used on unlicensed channels. The dipole
antenna does not provide any gain, so the power transmitted from the antenna is the
same as the power out of the module.
A dipole antenna that comes supplied with integral 15 ft cable does not require additional
coaxial cable.
You should mount dipole antennas vertically, preferably no less than 1 metre away from a
wall or mast for maximum performance.
Collinear antennas
Collinear antennas transmit the same amount of radio power in all directions horizontally,
and are easy to install and use. They provide gain by compressing the radiated signal to a
flattened disc shape, and reducing the amount of signal radiated above and below the
horizontal plane.
Collinear antennas are generally used at a central site with more than one remote site, or
at a repeater site.
Collinear antennas are similar in appearance to dipole antennas; however the antenna is
longer.
Collinear antennas are supplied without cable, and require additional coaxial cable.
You can use collinear antennas to:


Transmitter – to compensate for the losses in long lengths of coaxial cable.
Receiver – to increase receive sensitivity.
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The following diagrams shows the recommended installation for collinear and dipole
antennas:
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Yagi antennas
Yagi antennas are directional and have positive gain to the front of the antenna and
negative gain in other directions. You can use the gain to:


Compensate for coaxial cable loss for transmitter unit; and
Increase receive sensitivity for receiver units.
You should install Yagi antennas with the central beam horizontal and pointed directly in
the transmission direction to benefit from the antenna gain.
Note
Yagi antennas usually have a drain hole on the folded element. You should position
the drain hole at the bottom when installing the antenna.
You can install Yagi antennas:


Vertically polarized – with the elements in a vertical plane; or
Horizontally polarized – with the elements in a horizontal plane.
The following table shows the recommended installation mode for different situations.
If your installation has …
ELPRO recommends using …
Two stations both using Yagi antennas
•
Horizontal polarization for the stations.
Two or more stations communicating with
a common station
•
•
Vertical polarization for the stations; and
Dipole or collinear (i.e. non-directional) antenna for the
central station.
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The following diagrams shows the recommended installation for collinear and dipole
antennas:
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Installing the power supply
The unit works with a 9-30 VDC 0.6 Amp CSA certified Class 2 power supply. For use in
Class 1 Div 2 explosive areas, the power supply must be approved for Class 1 Div 2 use.
Warning – explosion hazard
Do not disconnect while circuit is live unless area is known to be non-hazardous.
The following table shows the power supply requirements :
Power supply
905U-L-T
905U-L-R
12V
600 mA
250 mA
24V
300 mA
125 mA
The power supply can be a floating supply or negatively grounded.
The transmitter provides a 24V DC regulated supply for analog loop power. The supply is
rated at 35 mA and should ONLY be used for powering analog loops.
To install the power supply:
1. Connect the positive lead to Power Supply Input.
2. Connect the negative lead to Ground.
Note
To ensure internal surge protection works correctly, you must earth each unit using
the Earth terminal.
You should connect the module to the same ground/earth point as the antenna
mounting to avoid differences in earth potential during voltage surges.
Do NOT connect the positive side of the supply to Earth.
3. The following diagram illustrates the connection:
Ground
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Inputs and outputs
The units have the following inputs and outputs:
Input/output
Digital inputs
905U-L-T
905U-L-R
Description
For more
information, see
…
Suitable for Voltage free
contact, NPN transistor, 05V signal.
Digital inputs on
page 23.
3
250VAC 1A / 30VDC 1A.
Relay outputs
Important
Information on
page 24.
2
Max 30VDC, 500 mA.
Indicate module status,
communication failure and
local setpoint status.
Status outputs on
page 25.
4-20 mA with over-range
and under-range.
Analog input on
page 26.
2
Relay outputs
Status outputs
2
Analog inputs
1
0-10 mA with over-range.
+24V Loop supply
1
Provides power for 1
external current loop (up to
35 mA).
Installing the
power supply on
page 21.
Analogue setpoint
1
Allows discrete setpoint to
be controlled from analog
input. Threshold adjustable
via rotary switch.
Refer to the User
Manual.
Thermocouple / millivolt
input
1
Provides measurement of
E, J, K, T type
Thermocouple, millivolt
signals and user-defined
thermocouple types.
Thermocouple
input on page 29
Thermocouple setpoint
1
Lets you control discrete
setpoint from thermocouple
with threshold adjustable
via rotary switch.
Refer to the User
Manual.
Pulse inputs
2
Up to 10Hz.
Pulse input on
page 30.
0-22 mA, suitable for loop
powered, floating input or
single-ended input device.
Analog output on
page 31.
Analog output
1
For more information, see the next sections.
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Digital inputs
The 905U-L-T module provides two digital inputs suitable for:



Voltage free contacts – e.g. mechanical switches; or
NPN transistor devices – e.g. electronic proximity switches; or
0-5V signals - 2V – 4V Minimum range.
Note
PNP transistor devices are not suitable.
The unit provides contact wetting current of approximately 5mA to maintain reliable
operation of driving relays.
Each digital input is connected between the appropriate Digital Input terminal and
Ground.
Each digital input circuit includes a LED indicator that lights when the digital input is active
(i.e. when the input circuit is closed).
To activate the digital input, the switching device resistance must be less than 200 ohms.
Connection
method
Example
Voltage free
contact
Active 0-5v
signal
device
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Relay outputs
The 905U-L-R module provides three normally open voltage-free relay contacts rated at
250VAC / 30VDC 1A.
You can use these outputs to directly control low-powered equipment or power larger
relays for higher-powered equipment.
For inductive loads, ELPRO recommends:
DC relays - use flyback diodes across the external circuit to prevent arcing across the relay
contacts.
DC
Load
Max 30VDC
AC relays – use capacitors (e.g. 10nf 250V) to prevent arcing across the relay contacts.
10nF
250V
AC
Load
Max 250VAC 1A
You can individually configure digital outputs to turn off if no command message is
received by the output for a certain period. This feature provides an intelligent watchdog
for each output, so communications failure at a transmitting site causes the output to
revert to a known state.
The output circuit is connected to the appropriate pair of Digital Output terminals. Each
digital output circuit includes a LED indicator that lights when the digital output is active.
The LED flashes if the watchdog alarm is active.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
In order to comply with Electrical Safety Standards, when connecting SELV AND voltages
which are greater than SELV (30VAC or 60VDC) together, then Relay Output 2 must NOT be
used in order to provide sufficient isolation between the outputs
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Status outputs
The unit contains the following status outputs:



System OK;
Setpoint Output; and
Communications Failure.
Status outputs are FET output to common rated at 30VDC 500 mA.
Connect the output circuit to the appropriate Status Output terminal. Each status output
circuit is associated with an LED indicator that lights lit when the digital output is active.
The following table details the status output behavior:
Status output
LED
LED
status
Description
System OK active (both modules)
OK
Green
No fault detected
System OK inactive
OK
Red
•
•
•
Setpoint Output (905U-L-T)
SP
Green
Local setpoint attached to 4-20mA analog
input.
Communications Failure (905U-L-R)
CF
Red
Watchdog alarms active on digital outputs
or analog outputs.
905U-L Wireless I/O
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Internal fault detected.
Supply voltage Low
Analog Loop supply overloaded
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Analog input
The 905U-L-T module provides one 0 - 20 mA DC analog input for connecting to
instrument transducers (e.g. level, moisture, pressure transducers, etc.).
Note
The 905U-L-T module inputs measure down to 0mA and can also be used for zero
based signals (e.g. 0 - 10 mA).
The analog input has a positive and negative terminal and can be placed at any point in
the current loop, providing neither input rises above the 24 volt Analog Loop Supply
level.
Each input has a loop resistance of less than 250 ohms and zener diode protection is
provided against over-voltage and reverse voltage.
Note
You may require additional protection in high voltage or noisy environments or for
long wiring runs.
A 24VDC loop supply is available on the 905U-L-T module for powering the analog
transducer loops. In this situation, connect the:


Analog loop - between an Analog Input (-) terminal and Ground.
Positive terminal – i.e. Analog Input (+) to the +24V Analog Loop Supply.
Externally powered loops may be connected by connecting the input between "Analog
Input (+)" and “Analog Input (-)” Common mode voltage may be -0.5V to 27V.
ELPRO recommends using shielded cable for analog I/O loops to minimize induced noise
and Radio Frequency Interference (RFI).
Note
You should only connect one end of the cable shield to Earth
To connect an analog signal from a PLC or DCS output to an analog input on the 905U-LT, you must carefully check the internal circuit of the output as different devices use
different ways to create an analog signal.
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The following diagrams illustrate different connection methods:
Analog
signal
source
Example
2 wire
transducer
4 wire
transducer
Current
source
output
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Analog
signal
source
Example
Current sink
output
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Thermocouple input
The 905U-L-T provides one input suitable for connection to a thermocouple or a millivolt level
signal. The module provides linearization tables for J, K and T type thermocouples and also
supports other types via a user linearization table.
Millivolt signals in the range -10mV to +100 mV are supported.
For more information on configuring the thermocouple input and cold-junction compensation to
suit your application, refer to the User Manual.
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Pulse input
The 905U-L-T module lets you configure the digital inputs as pulse inputs with the
following characteristics:
Characteristic
Value
Maximum rate
10 Hz
Minimum off time
20 mSec
Minimum on time
20 mSec
Using this mode, you can map the pulse count to a remote output by transmitting the
pulse count to a 905U-G module register or re-generating as a Pulse Output on 905U-1 or
Digital Output on a 905-3 unit.
Note
You should connect the pulse input in the same way as a digital input.
The following diagrams illustrate different connection methods:
Connection
method
Example
Passive
transistor
Active pulse
device
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Analog output
The 905U-L-R module provides a 4 - 20 mA DC analog output for connecting to
instrument indicators to display remote analog measurements. The analog output is a
current source provided from an internally generated +24V loop supply.
When connecting to an external device (e.g. electronic indicator, recorder, PLC / DCS
input, etc.) by connecting the output between the Analog Output terminal (+) and the
COM terminal (-).
Note
Zener protection of analog outputs provides protection against short periods of overvoltage; however longer periods may result in module damage.
You can also individually configure analog outputs to turn off (i.e. 0 mA) if no command
message is received to the output for a certain period.
The following diagrams illustrate different connection methods:
Connection
method
Example
Loop
powered
device
Floating
input device
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Connection
method
Example
To singleended input
device
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Installing and configuring the unit
This section describes how to install and configure your unit and contains the following
sections:
Section
Description
For more information, see …
Installing the unit
Describes how to physically install your
unit.
Installing the unit on page 34.
Configuring your unit
Describes the different ways to
configure your unit.
Configuring your units on page 35.
Testing your unit
Describes ELPRO’s recommendations
for testing your unit.
Testing your units on page 36.
For more information, see the next sections.
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Installing the unit
To install the unit:
1. Connect signals to the supplied terminals.
2. Connect the radio antenna.
3. Install DIN rail to mount the module.
4. Clip the module to the DIN rail:
You can now configure your unit. For more information, Configuring your units on page
35.
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Configuring your units
You can configure your network using:

Default factory configuration – that lets you easily setup your network as a simple
send/receive; or

User-defined customized configuration – that lets you set specific information
about your network and allows communication with other ELPRO 905 series devices.
For more information on setting a user-defined customised configuration, see the User
Manual.
For more information on setting the factory default configuration, refer to the Quick Start
Guide included with your module.
The following table details the factory default configuration:
Signals sent over radio
905U-L-T(Transmitter)
Sends
905U-L-R (Receiver)
Digital Input 1

Digital Output 1
Digital Input 2

Digital Output 2
Analog Setpoint

Digital Output 3
Analog input (4-20 mA)

Analog output
Other signals
905U-L-T(Transmitter)
905U-L-R (Receiver)
Thermocouple Input (Not used)
Communication Failure
(Comes on if no messages from 905U-LT)
Setpoint Output (Local indication)
System OK (On if system OK)
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System OK
(On if system OK)
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Testing your units
We recommend you bench test the complete system before installing a new system.
Configuration problems are easier to identify and fix when the units are next to each other.
The following table describes common problems and recommended solutions:
If your installation has …
You should check …
ELPRO recommends …
Poor radio channel
communications
•
•
•
•
•
•
TX LED flashes but no RX LED
Output LEDs flash quickly
The antenna installation.
For radio interference on the
same channel.
The radio path is adequate.
•
•
Higher performance antennas
if the path is too long.
Higher mounting points to
overcome obstructions.
Using an intermediate unit as a
repeater.
•
Power Supply voltage
•
Supply should be between 9
and 30VDC.
•
Analog loop supply current
•
The analog loop supply is rated
for 35 mA max.
•
Module configuration
•
Your module configuration may
be invalid. Re-load or restore
factory default configuration.
TX LED flashes but no RX LED
(bench testing)
•
Ensure the 905U-L-R is set
to the same country and
frequency band as the
905U-L-T
•
Register the receiver with the
transmitter. (Refer to the Quick
Start Guide)
RX LED Flashes but no outputs
change
•
For a user-defined
customized configuration, check the configuration.
•
Check the configuration and
re-program the modules.
•
For default configuration,
check the receiver is
registered with the
transmitter.
•
Repeat the procedure to
register the receiver with the
transmitter.
Red OK LED
For support for other testing issues, please contact ELPRO.
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Unit specifications
This section details the specifications for each unit.
Transmitter unit
Input/output
Number
Additional information
Digital inputs
2
Dry-contact digital inputs slow-pulsed at 10Hz.
All inputs are suitable for voltage free contacts (e.g. mechanical
switches) or NPN transistor devices (e.g. electronic proximity
switches).
NOTE: PNP transistor device inputs are NOT suitable.
Status outputs
2
Separate System OK and Setpoint Status
Analog inputs
1
Thermocouple inputs
1
Power supply
1
Transmitter
1
0-20mA differential input; 16-bit resolution, 0.1% accuracy, 10 ohm
input impedance.
J, K or T type thermocouple with on-board cold-junction
compensation.
Cold junction compensation accuracy ±1º over ambient temp
range: -40º to +70ºC.
9-30 VDC 0.6 Amp CSA certified Class 2 power supply. For use in
Class 1 Div 2 explosive areas, the power supply must be approved
for Class 1 Div 2 use.
WARNING: Explosion hazard - do not disconnect while circuit is
live unless area is known to be non-hazardous.
1-Watt Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS) Transmitter.
Frequency
902-928 MHz
Actual frequency range depends on country.
Receiver unit
Input/output
Number
Additional information
Digital outputs
3
Voltage-free contacts rated at 250 VAC, 1A, 30VDC 1A
2 for digital inputs and 1 for setpoint.
Status outputs
2
Separate System OK and communication failure output.
Analog output
1
16-bit resolution, 0.1% accuracy, single-ended source output.
Power supply
1
9-30 VDC 0.25 Amp CSA certified Class 2 power supply. For use
in Class 1 Div 2 explosive areas, the power supply must be
approved for Class 1 Div 2 use.
WARNING: Explosion hazard - do not disconnect while circuit is
live unless area is known to be non-hazardous.
Radio receiver
1
High sensitivity FHSS UHF radio receiver.
Frequency
902 – 928 MHz
Actual frequency range depends on country.
Sensitivity
-110 dBm
At PER 8%.
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Ancillary hardware reference information
This section contains reference information about additional hardware components you
may need for your unit.
RS232 serial cable
You can connect the unit to a PC using an RS-232 serial cable to:


Transfer configuration information;
Perform factory and field-testing.
The serial port is an 8 pin RJ-45 plug that communicates using standard RS-232 signals:
Signal information
Value
Baud rate
9600
Bits
8 bits with 1 stop bit
Parity
No parity
ELPRO supplies a green configuration cable wired to the following pin-out:
Note
The following pin-out information is for reference only.
RJ-45
Signal name
Normal colour
DB9
1
Ring Indicator
Green / White
9
2
Data Carrier Detect
Green
1
Required
3
Y
Data Terminal Ready
Orange / White
4
4
Y
Signal Common
Blue
5
5
Y
Receive Data (from Modem)
Blue / White
2
6
Y
Transmit Data (to Modem)
Orange
3
7
Clear to Send
Brown / White
8
8
Request to Send
Brown
7
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Index
2 wire transducer ..................................................... 27
4 wire transducer .................................................... 27
AC relays ................................................................. 24
active pulse device ................................................. See
active signal device ................................................. 23
analog input ............................................................. 26
analog output ........................................................... 31
antennas .................................................................. 17
compatible cables ............................................... 13
dipole .................................................................. 17
installing .............................................................. 15
polarization .......................................................... 19
supported antennas ............................................ 13
arcing....................................................................... 24
bench testing ........................................................... 36
cable
loss ...................................................................... 14
cables
for antennas ........................................................ 13
supported cables ................................................. 13
CFD890EL ............................................................... 13
coaxial surge diverter .............................................. 16
configuration
default factory...................................................... 35
user-defined customized ..................................... 35
configuring ............................................................... 35
connections
taping .................................................................. 16
current sink output ................................................... 28
current source output............................................... 27
DC relays ................................................................. 24
DCS ......................................................................... 26
digital inputs............................................................. 23
DIN rail .................................................................... 34
dipole antennas ....................................................... 17
electronic proximity switches ................................... 23
explosive areas........................................................ 21
floating input device ................................................. 31
flyback diodes .......................................................... 24
gain
net gain ............................................................... 14
horizontal polarization.............................................. 19
installing .................................................................. 34
instrument transducers ............................................ 26
interference.............................................................. 15
internal surge protection .......................................... 21
LEDs
receiver ............................................................... 12
transmitter ........................................................... 10
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lightening rod ........................................................... 16
lightening strike........................................................ 16
line of sight .............................................................. 15
linearization tables ................................................... 29
loop powered device................................................ 31
maximum transmission distance.............................. 15
mechanical switches ................................................ 23
millivolt signal .......................................................... 29
net gain .................................................................... 14
obstructions ............................................................. 15
intermediate ........................................................ 15
over-voltage ............................................................. 26
passive transistor..................................................... 30
pin-out...................................................................... 38
PLC ......................................................................... 26
polarization .............................................................. 19
polarized .................................................................. 19
power supply ........................................................... 21
installing .............................................................. 21
problems .................................................................. 36
pulse input ............................................................... 30
PVC tape ................................................................. 16
Radio Frequency Interference ................................. 26
receiver
components......................................................... 11
front panel ........................................................... 12
LEDs ................................................................... 12
terminal connections ........................................... 11
relay outputs ............................................................ 24
reliable path ............................................................. 15
repeater ................................................................... 15
reverse voltage ........................................................ 26
RFI ........................................................................... 26
RJ-45 ....................................................................... 38
rotary switch .............................................................. 9
changing position .................................................. 9
setpoint levels ....................................................... 9
RS-232 .................................................................... 38
serial cable .............................................................. 38
setpoint
thermocouple ...................................................... 22
setpoint levels ............................................................ 9
SG900-6 .................................................................. 13
SG900EL ................................................................. 13
shielding .................................................................. 16
signals ..................................................................... 35
single-ended input device ........................................ 32
SMA connector ........................................................ 16
solutions .................................................................. 36
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specifications ........................................................... 37
status outputs .......................................................... 25
surge diverter........................................................... 16
surge protection ....................................................... 16
surge suppression ................................................... 16
switches
electronic proximity ............................................. 23
switches
mechanical .......................................................... 23
taping connections................................................... 16
testing ...................................................................... 36
thermocouple ........................................................... 29
thermocouple setpoint ............................................. 22
transducers .............................................................. 26
905U-L Wireless I/O
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transmitter
components........................................................... 8
front panel ............................................................. 9
terminal connections ............................................. 8
UV-stabilized tape ................................................... 16
vertical polarization .................................................. 19
voltage free contact ................................................. 23
vulcanising tape ....................................................... 16
watchdog alarm ....................................................... 24
WH900..................................................................... 13
YU16/900................................................................. 13
YU6/900................................................................... 13
zener diode protection ............................................. 26
zero based signals ................................................... 26
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