K28_Titel.fm Seite 9 Dienstag, 1. August 2006 10:47 10
Rider's Manual (US Model)
R 1200 ST
BMW Motorrad
The Ultimate Riding
Machine
Motorcycle/Retailer Data
Motorcycle data
Retailer Data
Model
Contact in Service
Vehicle Identification Number
Ms./Mr.
Color number
Phone number
First registration
Registration number
Retailer's address/phone number (company stamp)
Welcome to BMW
We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from
BMW and welcome you to the
community of BMW riders.
Familiarize yourself with your new
motorcycle so that you can ride it
safely and confidently in all traffic
situations.
Please read this Rider's Manual
carefully before starting to use
your new BMW motorcycle. It
contains important information on
how to operate the controls and
how to make the best possible
use of all your BMW's technical
features.
In addition, it contains information
on maintenance and care to help
you maintain your motorcycle's
reliability and safety, as well as its
value.
If you have any questions concerning your motorcycle, your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer
is always happy to provide advice
and assistance.
We wish you many miles of safe
and enjoyable riding
BMW Motorrad.
Table of Contents
You can also use the index at the
end of this Rider's Manual to find
a specific topic.
1 General instructions . . . . 5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and
symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currentness of this manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2 Overviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General view, left side . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . 13
Underneath seat . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Left handlebar fitting . . . . . . . . 16
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . 17
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3 Status indicators . . . . . . .
Standard displays . . . . . . . . . . .
Displays with onboard computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displays with Tire Pressure
Control RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard warning indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warning indicators of onboard computer OE . . . . . . . . . .
ABS warning indicators OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASC warning indicators OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RDC warning
indicators OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Anti-theft alarm warning indicators OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
22
4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition switch and steering
lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic immobilizer
EWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
23
24
24
28
30
33
35
40
44
45
46
Odometer and
tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Onboard computer OE . . . . . . .
Tire Pressure Control
RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hazard warning flashers . . . . .
Emergency ON/OFF
switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heated hand grips OE . . . . . . . .
Automatic Stability Control
ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seat height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windshield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47
50
53
54
55
56
57
57
58
59
59
60
60
61
61
61
62
63
65
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . . 67
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . .
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parking your motorcycle . . . .
Refueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 Technology in
detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brake system with BMW
Motorrad Integral ABS OE . . . .
Engine management with
BMW Motorrad ASC OE . . . . .
Tire Pressure Control
RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General instructions . . . . . . . . .
Onboard socket . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Case OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topcase OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
71
72
73
74
77
77
79
80
83
84
86
87
89
90
90
91
92
94
8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
General instructions . . . . . . . . . 98
Toolkit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
General brake system . . . . . 101
Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Front wheel stand . . . . . . . . . 114
Rear-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . 115
Lamps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Jump-starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washing your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning sensitive motorcycle parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protective wax coating . . . .
Storing motorcycle . . . . . . . .
129
130
130
130
131
132
132
Returning motorcycle to
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
10 Technical data . . . . . .
Troubleshooting chart . . . . .
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . .
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . .
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical system . . . . . . . . . .
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Riding specifications . . . . . .
133
134
135
137
138
138
140
140
141
141
142
142
145
147
147
148
148
11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reporting safety
defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service . . .
BMW Motorrad Service
Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
149
150
151
151
BMW Motorrad Service
Card - On-the-spot breakdown assistance . . . . . . . . . .
BMW Motorrad Service
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Confirmation of service . . . .
151
152
152
153
158
General instructions
General instructions
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . 6
1
5
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Currentness of this manual . . . . . . . . . . 7
General instructions
Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
z
1
General instructions
6
z
Overview
Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manual will provide you with an initial
overview of your motorcycle. All
maintenance and repair work carried out on your motorcycle will
be documented in Chapter 11.
Proof of the maintenance work
performed is a prerequisite for
generous treatment of claims.
When the time comes to sell
your BMW, please remember
to hand over this Rider's Manual; it is an important part of the
motorcycle.
Abbreviations and
symbols
Indicates warnings that you
must comply with for reasons of your safety and the safety of others, and to protect your
motorcycle against damage.
Special information on operating and inspecting your
motorcycle as well as maintenance and adjustment procedures.
Indicates the end of an
item of information.
OE
Optional equipment
The motorcycles are assembled complete with
all the BMW optional extras originally ordered.
OA
Optional accessories
BMW optional accessories can be purchased
and installed at your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Instruction.
Result of an activity.
Reference to a page with
more detailed information.
EWS Electronic immobilizer.
Indicates the end of accessory or equipmentdependent information.
ABS
DWA Anti-theft alarm.
Anti-Lock Brake System.
Tightening torque.
ASC Automatic Stability Control.
Technical data.
RDC Tire Pressure Control
(TPC).
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment
Electronic suspension
adjustment.
Equipment
When you ordered your BMW
motorcycle, you chose various
items of custom equipment. This
Rider's Manual describes optional
equipment (OE) offered by BMW
and selected optional accessories
(OA). This explains why the manual may also contain descriptions
of equipment which you have not
ordered. Please note, too, that
your motorcycle might not be exactly as illustrated in this manual
on account of country-specific
differences.
If your BMW is equipped with
options or accessories not described in this Rider's Manual,
then this equipment is described
in a separate operating manual.
Technical data
All dimensions, weights and outputs in the Rider's Manual refer
to the Deutsche Institut für Normung e. V. (DIN) and comply with
its tolerance regulations. Versions for individual countries may
differ.
Currentness of this
manual
The high safety and quality standards of BMW motorcycles are
maintained by constant development work on designs, equipment and accessories. Because
of this, your motorcycle may differ from the information supplied
in the Rider's Manual. In addition,
BMW Motorrad cannot guarantee
the total absence of errors. We
hope you will appreciate that no
claims can be entertained on the
basis of the data, illustrations or
descriptions in this manual.
1
7
General instructions
ESA
z
General instructions
1
8
z
Overviews
Overviews
General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2
9
Left handlebar fitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Overviews
Underneath seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
z
Overviews
2
10
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Headlight range adjustment
( 66)
Clutch fluid reservoir
( 105)
Adjusting handlebar height
( 61)
Adjustable windshield
( 59)
Onboard socket ( 90)
Adjuster for spring preload,
rear ( 61)
Adjustment of rear damping
( 62)
Engine oil fill location
( 100)
Oil sight glass ( 99)
2
11
Overviews
General view, left side
z
Overviews
2
12
z
1
2
3
4
5
Seat lock ( 67)
Brake-fluid reservoir, rear
( 104)
Vehicle Identification Number
Brake-fluid reservoir, front
( 101)
Case carrier OA ( 93)
2
13
Overviews
General view, right side
z
Overviews
2
14
z
1
2
3
4
5
6
Driver's seat height adjustment ( 59)
Battery ( 125)
Helmet holder ( 69)
Type plate
Tire pressure table
Label on payload
2
15
Overviews
Underneath seat
z
2
Left handlebar fitting
1
16
Overviews
2
z
3
4
5
6
Operating odometer
( 47), Operating onboard
computer OE ( 50)
Operating the ASC OE
( 58)
Operating ESA OE ( 63)
Horn
Turn indicators, left ( 55),
Hazard warning flashers
( 56)
Headlight flasher and highbeam headlight ( 54)
1
2
3
4
5
Emergency ON/OFF switch
( 57)
Starter button ( 74)
Heated hand grips OE
( 57)
Turn indicators, right
( 55), Hazard warning
flashers ( 56)
Turn indicators off ( 55),
Hazard warning flashers off
( 56)
2
17
Overviews
Handlebar fitting, right
z
2
Overviews
18
z
Instrument cluster
1
2
3
4
5
6
Speedometer
Tachometer
Indicator lights ( 22)
Multifunction display
( 22)
Anti-theft alarm indicator
light (OE) and sensor for
instrument lighting
Selecting readings ( 47)
Resetting tripmeter ( 48)
Setting clock ( 46)
The instrument-cluster
lighting has automatic day
and night switchover.
1
2
Low and high-beam
( 54)
Parking lights ( 54)
2
19
Overviews
Headlight
z
Overviews
2
20
z
Status indicators
Standard displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Displays with onboard computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Displays with Tire Pressure Control
RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Standard warning indicators . . . . . . . . 24
Warning indicators of onboard computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
ABS warning indicators OE . . . . . . . . . . 30
ASC warning indicators OE . . . . . . . . . . 33
RDC warning indicators OE . . . . . . . . . . 35
Anti-theft alarm warning
indicators OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
3
21
Status indicators
Status indicators
z
3
Standard displays
Indicator lights
Status indicators
22
z
Gear indicator
The gear engaged or N
for neutral appears on the
display.
Multifunction display
If no gear is engaged, the
'neutral' indicator light also
lights up.
Engine temperature
1
2
3
4
5
Clock ( 46)
Gear indicator ( 22)
Engine temperature ( 22)
Odometer and tripmeters
( 47)
Fuel capacity ( 22)
1
2
3
4
Turn indicators, left
High-beam headlight
Idling
Turn indicators, right
The lateral bars under the
temperature symbol show
the engine temperature level.
Service display
Fuel capacity
The horizontal bars under
the gas pump symbol indicate the remaining fuel quantity.
When the fuel in the tank is
topped up the gauge briefly
shows the original level, before
the reading is updated.
If the time remaining until the
next service lies within a month,
If the motorcycle is driven long
distances annually, it is possible
that earlier service is required. If
the odometer reading for the earlier service lies within 600 miles
(1,000 km), the remaining miles
(kilometers) are counted down
in 60-mile (100-km) steps and
briefly displayed following the
pre-ride check.
If the service interval has been
exceeded, the general warning
light also lights up yellow in addition to the date or mileage display. The Service lettering is displayed continuously.
If the service display already
more than one month before the service date, or if the
Service lettering does not stop
after the service date is exceeded, then the date stored in the
instrument cluster must be set.
This situation can occur if the
battery has been disconnected
for a longer time.
Consult a certified workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer, for setting of
the date.
Displays with onboard
computer OE
3
23
1
Onboard computer display
area OE ( 50)
Status indicators
the service date is briefly displayed following the pre-ride
check. The month and year are
shown as two digits each separated by a dash; in this example
the display means "March 2007".
z
3
Status indicators
24
z
Displays with Tire
Pressure Control
RDC OE
Standard warning
indicators
1
Warnings are indicated by the
'General' warning light 1 showing in combination with a warning
word, for example 2 or with one
of the warning symbols 3. The
'General' warning light shows red
or yellow, depending on the urgency of the warning. If several warnings are active, all corresponding warning lights and
warning symbol are displayed;
warnings are shown alternately.
Tire inflation pressures alternating with clock, with
onboard computer as additional value of onboard
computer. OE ( 53)
Display
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
Overview of warning indicators
3
Meaning
Lights up yellow
EWS ! appears on
Electronic immobilizer is active (
26)
25
the display.
Lights up yellow
FUEL ! appears
Fuel down to reserve (
26)
Lights up yellow
Is indicated
Engine in emergency-operation mode
( 26)
Flashes red
Is indicated
Engine oil pressure insufficient (
Lights up red
Is indicated
Battery charge current insufficient
( 27)
Lights up yellow
LAMPR ! appears
Rear bulb defective (
27)
on the display.
LAMPF ! appears
Front bulb defective (
on the display.
Lights up yellow
LAMPS ! appears
on the display.
Bulbs defective (
28)
28)
26)
Status indicators
on the display.
z
3
Status indicators
26
z
Electronic immobilizer is
active
General warning light shows
yellow.
and the engine dying unexpected
can lead to accidents.
Do not drive until the fuel tank is
completely empty.
EWS ! appears on the display.
At the most, the fuel tank still
contains the reserve fuel quantity.
The key being used is not authorized for starting, or communication between the key and engine
electronics is disrupted.
Remove other motorcycle keys
from the ignition key ring.
Use the reserve key.
Have the defective key replaced, preferably by an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Fuel down to reserve
General warning light shows
yellow.
FUEL ! appears on the display.
A fuel shortage can lead to
misfiring and to the engine
dying unexpectedly. Misfiring can
damage the catalytic converter,
Reserve fuel quantity
~1.1 gal (~4 l)
Refueling ( 80)
Engine in emergencyoperation mode
General warning light shows
yellow.
Engine symbol appears on
the display.
The engine is in the emergency operating mode. Only reduced engine performance
may be available, which can lead
to danger driving situations, es-
pecially during passing maneuvers.
Adapt your driving style to
the possibly reduced engine
performance.
The engine control unit has diagnosed a fault. In exceptional
cases, the engine stops and can
no longer be started. Otherwise,
the engine runs in the emergency operating mode.
Continued driving is possible,
however the accustomed engine performance may not be
available.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Engine oil pressure
insufficient
General warning light flashes red.
The oil pressure in the lubricating
oil circuit is too low. Stop immediately and switch off the engine.
The warning on insufficient
engine oil pressure is no
substitute for the function of
an oil-level indicator. The correct engine oil level can only be
checked at the oil sight glass.
The cause of the warning on insufficient engine oil pressure can
be an insufficient engine oil level.
Checking engine oil level
( 99)
If oil level is too low:
Top up engine oil.
If the engine oil level is correct:
Driving with insufficient engine oil pressure can result
in engine damage.
Do not continue driving.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Battery charge current
insufficient
General warning light shows
red.
Battery symbol appears on
the display.
A discharged battery can
result in the engine cutting
out unexpectedly, causing a hazardous situation.
Have faults eliminated as soon as
possible.
If the battery is no longer
charged, continued driving
can lead to deep discharging,
and therefore to the destruction
of the battery.
If possible, do not continue
driving.
The battery is not being charged.
Continued driving is possible
until the battery is discharged.
However, the engine can die
suddenly and the battery can
be exhaustively discharged and
therefore destroyed.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Rear bulb defective
General warning light shows
yellow.
LAMPR ! appears on the display.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
3
27
Status indicators
Oil-can symbol appears on
the display.
z
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
28
Rear light or brake light bulb defective.
Replacing brake light and tail
light bulbs ( 120)
Status indicators
3
z
Front bulb defective
LAMPF ! appears on the display.
Replacing front turn indicator
bulb ( 121)
Replacing rear turn indicator
bulb ( 122)
Warning indicators of
onboard computer OE
Display
Bulbs defective
General warning light shows
yellow.
LAMPS ! appears on the display.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
Low-beam headlight, high-beam
headlight, parking light or turn
signal bulb defective.
Replacing low-beam and highbeam bulbs ( 117)
Replacing parking light bulb
( 119)
A combination of several bulb
defects is present.
See the fault descriptions
above.
Warnings of the onboard computer are shown in area 1.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
Overview of warning indicators
3
Meaning
Is indicated
Engine oil level too low (
30)
29
pears on the display
Is indicated
Ice warning (
30)
Status indicators
Check Oil ap-
z
3
Status indicators
30
z
Engine oil level too low
Oil level symbol appears on
the display.
Ice warning
Ice crystal symbol appears
on the display.
Check Oil appears on the
The ambient temperature measured at the motorcycle is lower
than 37 °F (3 °C).
display.
The electronic oil level sensor
has detected a low engine oil
level.
The exact engine oil level can
only be determined by conducting a check on the oil sight glass.
During the next refueling stop:
Checking engine oil level
( 99)
If oil level is too low:
Topping up engine oil ( 100)
If "Check oil level" appears in
the display, although a correct oil
level has been read off at the oil
sight glass, the oil level sensor
may be defective.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
The ice warning does not
mean that there is no risk
of black ice forming at measured
temperatures above 37 °F (3 °C).
Always think well ahead when
temperatures are low, especially
on bridges and where the road is
in the shade.
Think well ahead when driving.
ABS warning
indicators OE
Display
ABS warnings are indicated by
the ABS warning light 1.
In some countries an alternative
display of the ABS warning light
is possible.
Possible country-dependent
versions.
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
provided from page ( 84); an
3
31
Status indicators
overview of the possible warnings
is provided on the following page.
z
3
Status indicators
32
z
Overview of warning indicators
Meaning
Flashes
Self-diagnosis not completed (
Lights up
ABS error (
33)
33)
The ABS function is not available, because the self-diagnosis has not been completed. To
check the wheel sensors, the
motorcycle must be driven a few
yards.
Ride off slowly. It must be noted that the ABS function is not
available until the self-diagnosis
has been completed.
tions which can lead to an ABS
error ( 85).
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
ASC warning
indicators OE
Display
ABS error
ABS warning light lights up.
The ABS control unit has detected an error. The ABS function is
not available.
Continued driving is possible
while taking the failed ABS
function into account. Observe
additional information on situa-
from page ( 86); an overview
of the possible warnings is provided on the following page.
3
33
Status indicators
Self-diagnosis not completed
ABS warning light flashes.
z
ASC warnings are displayed with
the ASC symbol 2 in conjunction
with the general warning light 1.
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad ASC is provided
3
Status indicators
34
z
Overview of warning indicators
Meaning
Flashes rapidly in
yellow
Lights up yellow
Is indicated
ASC intervention (
Flashes
Self-diagnosis not completed (
Is indicated
ASC switched off (
Is indicated
ASC error (
35)
35)
35)
35)
ASC symbol is displayed.
The ASC has detected instability at the rear wheel and has
reduced the torque. The warning light flashes longer than the
duration of the ASC intervention.
As a result, the driver is provided
with optical feedback on the regulation carried out even after the
critical driving situation.
Self-diagnosis not completed
ASC symbol flashes.
The self-diagnosis was not completed; the ASC function is not
available. So that the ASC selfdiagnosis can be completed, the
engine must be running and the
motorcycle must be moved at a
speed of at least 3 mph (5 km/h).
Ride off slowly. It must be noted that the ASC function is not
available until the self-diagnosis
has been completed.
ASC switched off
ASC symbol is displayed.
The ASC system has been deactivated by the driver.
With OE Automatic Stability
Control:
Activating ASC function ( 58)
serve additional information on
situations which can lead to an
ASC error ( 87).
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
RDC warning
indicators OE
Display
ASC error
General warning light shows
yellow.
35
z
ASC symbol is displayed.
The ASC control unit has detected an error. The ASC function is
not available.
Continue driving is possible. It
must be noted that the ASC
function is not available. Ob-
3
Status indicators
ASC intervention
General warning light flashes rapidly in yellow.
The warning symbol 2 signals
a critical tire inflation pressure,
and the corresponding inflation
3
Status indicators
36
z
pressure of the front wheel 3 or
the rear wheel 4 flashes.
If the critical value is at the limit
of the permissible tolerance, the
general warning light 1 also lights
up in yellow. If the determined
tire inflation pressure is outside
the permissible tolerance, the
general warning light flashes in
red.
Additional information on the
BMW Motorrad RDC is provided
from page ( 87); an overview
of the possible warnings is provided on the following page.
Overview of warning indicators
3
Meaning
37
Tire inflation pressure in limit area of
permissible tolerance ( 38)
The critical tire
inflation pressure
flashes
Flashes red
Tire inflation pressure outside permissible tolerance ( 38)
The critical tire
inflation pressure
flashes
"--" or "-is displayed
--"
38)
z
Lights up yellow
Sensor defective or system fault (
"--" or "-is displayed
Lights up yellow
Transmission error (
--"
RDC! appears on
the display
Status indicators
Lights up yellow
Battery of tire pressure sensor weak
( 39)
39)
3
38
Tire inflation pressure in limit
area of permissible tolerance
General warning light shows
yellow.
Status indicators
Tire symbol appears on the
display.
z
The critical tire inflation pressure
flashes.
The measured tire inflation pressure is in the limit area of the
permissible tolerance.
Correct tire inflation pressure in
accordance with instructions on
back of cover of Rider's Manual.
The pressure values on the
back of the cover refer to
a tire air temperature of 68 °F
(20 °C). To also adapt the tire
inflation pressure at other tire
temperatures, proceed as follows:
Calculate the difference between
the nominal value according to
the Rider's Manual and the value
determine by the RDC system.
Change the inflation pressure in
the tire by this difference using
an air pressure tester at a filling
station.
Tire inflation pressure
outside permissible tolerance
General warning light flashes red.
Tire symbol appears on the
display.
The critical tire inflation pressure
flashes.
The measured tire inflation pressure is outside the permissible
tolerance.
Check tire for damage and
drivability.
Is it still possible to drive with tire:
Incorrect tire inflation pressure result in poorer handling of the motorcycle.
Always adapt your driving style
to the incorrect tire inflation
pressure.
Correct tire inflation pressure at
next opportunity.
Have the tire checked for damage by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
If you are unsure about the drivability of the tire:
Do not continue driving.
Inform roadside service.
Have the tire checked for damage by a specialized workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Transmission error
"--" or "-- --" is displayed.
The motorcycle's speed has not
exceeded the threshold of approx. 20 mph (30 km/h). The
RDC sensors do not transmit
their signal until a speed above
this threshold is reached ( 87).
Watch RDC display at higher
speed. A permanent fault has
not occurred until the general
There is a fault in the radio connection to the RDC sensors.
Possible causes are radio systems in the surrounding area,
which interfere with the connection between the RDC control
unit and the sensors.
Watch the RDC display in another environment. A permanent fault has not occurred until the general warning light also
lights up. In this case:
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Sensor defective or system
fault
General warning light shows
yellow.
Tire symbol appears on the
display.
"--" or "-- --" is displayed.
Wheels without installed RDC
sensors are mounted.
Retrofit wheel set with RDC
sensors.
One or two RDC sensors have
failed.
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
A system fault has occurred.
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Battery of tire pressure
sensor weak
General warning light shows
yellow.
3
39
RDC! appears on the display.
This error message is only
displayed for a short time
following the pre-ride check.
The battery of the tire pressure
sensor no longer has its full capacity. The operation of the tire
pressure control is only ensured
for a limited time.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Status indicators
warning light also lights up. In
this case:
Have fault eliminated by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
z
Anti-theft alarm
warning indicators OE
40
Display
Status indicators
3
z
Anti-theft alarm warning
are shown as warnings 2 in
conjunction with the general
warning light 1 following the
pre-ride check and refer to the
capacity of the internal anti-theft
alarm battery.
The possible warnings are listed
on the next page.
Overview of warning indicators
3
Meaning
DWALO ! appears
Anti-theft alarm battery weak (
42)
41
on the display
DWA ! appears on
Anti-theft alarm battery drained (
42)
the display
Status indicators
Lights up yellow
z
3
Status indicators
42
z
Anti-theft alarm battery weak
DWALO ! appears on the display.
This error message is only
displayed for a short time
following the pre-ride check.
The anti-theft alarm battery no
longer has its full capacity. The
operation of the anti-theft alarm
is only ensured for a limited time
with the motorcycle battery disconnected.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Anti-theft alarm battery
drained
General warning light shows
yellow.
DWA ! appears on the display.
This error message is only
displayed for a short time
following the pre-ride check.
The anti-theft alarm battery has
no capacity. The operation of the
anti-theft alarm is no longer ensured with the motorcycle battery
disconnected.
Contact a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Operation
Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . 44
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Electronic immobilizer EWS . . . . . . . . . 45
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Odometer and tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Onboard
computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Tire Pressure Control RDC OE . . . . . . 53
Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Electronic Suspension Adjustment
ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Emergency ON/OFF switch . . . . . . . . . 57
Heated hand grips OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Automatic Stability Control
ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Seat height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Windshield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
4
43
Operation
Operation
z
Ignition switch and
steering lock
44
Keys
Operation
4
z
You receive one master key and
one spare key. If a key is lost,
please note the information on
the electronic immobilizer (EWS)
( 45).
Ignition key and steering lock,
tank filler cap lock and seat lock
are all operated with the same
key.
With OA Case And With OA
Topcase:
The cases and the Topcase can
also be ordered with locks for
the same key on request. Please
contact a specialized workshop
for this purpose, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Switching on ignition
With OE Automatic Stability
Control:
Turn key to position 1.
In addition to the points named
above, the ASC self-diagnosis
is also carried out. ( 76)
Switching off ignition
Turn key to position 1.
Parking lights and all function
circuits switched on.
Engine can be started.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 75)
With OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
Turn key to position 1.
In addition to the points named
above, the ABS self-diagnosis
is also carried out. ( 75)
Turn key to position 2.
Light switched off.
Handlebars not locked.
Key can be removed.
Electrically powered accessories remain operational for
a limited period of time.
Locking handlebars
Turn handlebars to full left or
right lock position.
Turn key to position 3 while
moving handlebars slightly.
Ignition, lights and all function
circuits switched off.
Handlebars locked.
Key can be removed.
Electronic immobilizer
EWS
Theft protection
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface
of the ground will determine
whether it is better to turn the
handlebars to the left or right.
However, the motorcycle is more
stable on a level surface with the
handlebars turned to the left than
with the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
The electronic immobilizer helps
protect your BMW motorcycle
from theft, and this enhanced
security is at your disposal without any need for you to set parameters or activate additional
systems. The engine of a motorcycle fitted with this electronic
immobilizer can be started only
with the keys that belong to the
motorcycle. You can also have
your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer disable particular keys,
for example in the event that you
lose your keys. The engine cannot be started with a key that has
been barred.
4
45
Electronics in key
The motorcycle's electronics
exchange certain continuously
changing signals with the electronics in the key; these signals
are specific to your motorcycle
and they are transmitted via the
ring antenna in the ignition lock.
The ignition is not enabled for
starting until the key has been
recognized as "authorized" for
your motorcycle.
A spare key attached to
the same ring as the ignition key used to start the engine
could "irritate" the electronics,
in which case the enabling signal for starting is not issued. The
warning EWS is shown in the
multifunction display.
Operation
Battery can be recharged via
onboard socket.
z
Always store the spare key separately from the ignition key.
46
Replacement and extra
keys
Operation
4
z
Replacement and spare keys
are only available through an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
The keys are part of an integrated security system, so the retailer is under an obligation to check
the legitimacy of all applications
for replacement/extra keys. If you
want to have a lost key barred,
you must bring along all other
keys that belong to the motorcycle. A key that has been barred
can subsequently be cleared and
reactivated for use.
Clock
Setting clock
Attempting to set the clock
while riding the motorcycle
can lead to accidents.
Adjust the clock only when the
motorcycle is stationary.
Switch on ignition.
Press alternative button 2 repeatedly until total mileage is
shown.
Press button 1 repeatedly until
total mileage is shown.
With OE Onboard computer Or
With OE Tire Pressure Control
(RDC):
Odometer and
tripmeters
4
Selecting readings
47
Press button 2 repeatedly until
clock is shown.
In this case, the button
in the instrument cluster is only used to operate the
odometer.
Hold down button.
Hours 3 flash.
Press button.
Hours increase by one each
time button is pressed.
Hold down button.
Minutes 4 flash.
Press button.
Minutes increase by one each
time button is pressed.
Hold down button.
End setting; set time is displayed.
Operation
Switch on ignition.
z
Press button 1.
Total distance covered
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I)
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II)
Operating range (after reaching
reserve level)
4
Operation
48
Resetting tripmeter
Switch on ignition.
Select desired tripmeter.
With OE Onboard computer Or
With OE Tire Pressure Control
(RDC):
Press button 2 as an alternative.
z
Hold down button 1.
Press button 1.
Each time the button is pressed,
the display shows values starting with the current value in the
following order:
In this case, the button on
the handlebar fitting is only used to operate the onboard
computer or the RDC display.
If you prefer, you can use button 2 for this purpose.
Tripmeter is reset.
Press button 1.
In this case, the button on
the handlebar fitting is only used to operate the onboard
computer or the RDC display.
Residual range
4
49
The operating range 1 is displayed together with the lettering RANGE and indicates what
distance can still be driven with
the remaining fuel. It is only displayed after the fuel reserve is
reached. This distance is calculated on the basis of fuel level
and average consumption.
When refueling, fuel is not registered until the quantity added is
approx. one gallon (several liters).
When refueling after running on
reserve, make sure that you top
up the tank to a level above reserve, as otherwise the sensor
Operation
With OE Onboard computer Or
With OE Tire Pressure Control
(RDC):
z
4
Operation
50
z
Ambient temperature
will not be able to register the
new level. Otherwise neither the
fill level nor the operating range
display can be updated.
The determined residual
range is an approximate
reading. BMW Motorrad therefore recommends that you do
not try to use the full remaining
range before refueling.
Onboard computer OE
Selecting readings
Switch on ignition.
Press button 1.
Each time the button is pressed,
the display shows values starting with the current value in the
following order:
Ambient temperature
Average speed
Average consumption
Range
Oil level indicator
Tire inflation pressures
When the motorcycle is stopped,
the engine heat can falsify the
measurement of the ambient
temperature 1. If the influence
of the engine heat becomes too
great, -- is temporarily shown in
the display.
If the ambient temperature
drops below 3 °C, a warning of possible icing-up appears.
The display automatically switches from any other mode to the
temperature reading when the
temperature drops below this
threshold for the first time.
Average speed
set by the corresponding amount
of fuel used.
4
Resetting average
consumption
51
The average speed 1 is calculated based on the elapsed
time since the last reset. Times
during which the engine was
stopped are excluded from the
calculation.
Operation
Switch on ignition.
Select average consumption.
Hold down button 1.
Average speed is reset.
z
Average consumption
Resetting average speed
Hold down button 1.
Average consumption is reset.
Switch on ignition.
Select average speed.
The average consumption 1 is
calculated by dividing the distance covered since the last re-
4
Range
reason the range is only calculated while driving.
When refueling after running on
reserve, make sure that you top
up the tank to a level above reserve, as otherwise the sensor
will not be able to register the
new level. Otherwise neither the
fill level nor the range display can
be updated.
Oil level indicator
The functional description of
the operating range ( 49) also applies to the range. However, the range 1 can also be
displayed before the fuel reserve is reached. To calculate
the range, a special average consumption is used, which does not
always match the value that can
be shown on the display.
If the motorcycle is standing on
the side stand, the fuel level cannot be correctly determined due
to the inclined position. For this
The determined range is an
approximate reading. BMW
Motorrad therefore recommends
that you do not try to use the full
range before refueling.
The oil level indicator 1 provides
information on the oil level in the
engine. It can only be displayed
when the motorcycle is stopped.
Operation
52
z
The conditions for the oil level
indicator are as follows:
Engine at operating temperature.
Engine idling for at least 10
seconds.
Side-stand retracted.
Motorcycle is vertical.
Tire Pressure Control
RDC OE
4
Displaying tire inflation
pressure
53
Switch on ignition.
If other information of the
onboard computer is displayed, this symbol continues to
be shown until the oil level is detected as correct again.
The most recently measured
level is displayed for 5 seconds
when you next switch on the ignition.
If, despite a correct oil level on the oil sight glass,
"Check oil level" continually appear on the display, the oil level
sensor may be defective. In this
case, please contact your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Repeatedly press button 1 until the tire inflation pressures
appear in the display.
The tire inflation pressures are
displayed with the lettering
RDC P. The left-hand value
indicates the inflation pressure of
the front wheel, and the righthand value the inflation pressure
of the rear wheel. Immediately
after switching on the ignition,
-- -- is displayed, as the
transfer of the inflation pressure
values does not begin until a
speed over 20 mph (30 km/h) is
reached.
The display is shown alternately
with the clock.
Operation
The readings mean:
OK: Oil level is correct.
CHECK: Check oil level during
next refueling stop.
---: No measurement possible
(above-mentioned conditions not
met).
z
4
54
On motorcycles with an onboard
computer, the display appears in
alternation with the clock and the
values of the onboard computer.
switched on or by operating the
headlight flasher.
High-beam headlight
Lights
Operation
Switching on parking
lights
Switch off ignition.
Parking lights
z
High-beam headlight is
switched on as long as switch
is pressed (headlight flasher).
The parking lights switch on automatically when the ignition is
switched on.
The parking lights are a
strain on the battery. Do
not leave the ignition switched
on longer than absolutely
necessary.
Low-beam headlight
The low-beam headlight switches
on automatically when you start
the engine.
With the engine switched
off, you can switch on the
lights by switching on the highbeam headlight with the ignition
Press top section of full-beam
headlight switch 1.
High-beam headlight is
switched on.
Move full-beam headlight
switch 1 to center position.
High-beam headlight is
switched off.
Press bottom section of fullbeam headlight switch 1.
Immediately after switching off
ignition, press and hold lefthand turn indicator button 1.
Parking light switches on.
Switching off parking
lights
Switch ignition on and then off
again.
Turn indicators
Switching on left-hand
turn indicator
Switch on ignition.
After driving for approx.
ten seconds or after covering a distance of approx. 650
ft (200 m), the turn indicators are
automatically switched off.
Indicator light for left-hand turn
indicators flashes.
Switching on right-hand
turn indicator
Indicator light for right-hand
turn indicators flashes.
Switching off turn
indicator
55
Switch on ignition.
After driving for approx.
ten seconds or after covering a distance of approx. 650
ft (200 m), the turn indicators are
automatically switched off.
z
Press turn-indicator cancel button 3.
Turn indicator is switched off.
Indicator lights for turn indicators are off.
Press left-hand turn indicator
button 1.
Left-hand turn indicator is
switched on.
4
Operation
Parking light switched off.
Press right-hand turn indicator
button 2.
Right-hand turn indicator is
switched on.
4
Hazard warning
flashers
56
Switching on hazard
warning flashers
Switching off hazard
warning flashers
Operation
Switch on ignition.
z
The hazard warning flashers place a strain on the
battery. Do not use the hazard
warning flashers for longer than
absolutely necessary.
If a turn indicator button is
pressed with the ignition
switched on, the flashing function
replaces the emergency flashing
function as long as the button is
pressed. If the turn indicator button is released, the emergency
flasher function becomes active
again.
Press left 1 and right-hand 2
turn indicator buttons simultaneously.
The hazard warning flashers
are switched on.
Indicator lights for left and right
turn indicator flash.
Switch off ignition.
Hazard warning flashers continue to operate.
Indicator lights for left and right
turn indicator are off.
Press turn-indicator cancel button 3.
Hazard warning flashers are
switched off.
Heated hand grips OE
Emergency ON/OFF
switch
4
A
B
1
Emergency ON/OFF switch
Operating the emergency
ON/OFF switch when riding
can cause the rear wheel to lock
and thus cause a fall.
Do not operate the emergency
ON/OFF switch when riding.
The engine can be switched
off easily and quickly using the
emergency ON/OFF switch.
Operating position
Engine switched off.
The engine can only be
started in the operating
position.
1
Heated hand grip switch
The handlebar grips can be heated at two different levels. The
heated hand grips option can only be activated when the engine
is running.
The increase in power consumption caused by the
heated hand grips can drain the
battery if you are riding at low
engine speeds. If the battery is
inadequately charged, the heated hand grips are switched off to
ensure starting capability.
Operation
57
z
Activating ASC function
4
Operation
58
z
2
3
4
Heating function off.
50 % heat output (one dot
visible).
100 % heat output (three
dots visible).
Automatic Stability
Control ASC OE
Switching off ASC
function
Switch on ignition.
The ASC function can also be deactivated while
driving.
Press and hold ASC button 1.
ASC symbol is displayed; if
self-diagnosis is not completed, ASC symbol stops flashing.
Release ASC button within
5 seconds after ASC symbol
lights up.
ASC symbol continues to
be displayed.
ASC function is deactivated.
Press and hold ASC button 1.
ASC symbol is no longer
displayed; if self-diagnosis
is not completed, ASC symbol
begins to flash.
Release ASC button within
5 seconds after ASC symbol
goes out.
ASC symbol remains off; if
ASC self-diagnosis is not
completed, ASC symbol continues to flash.
ASC function is activated.
As an alternative to pressing
the ASC button, the ignition
Windshield
can also be switched off and
then on again.
Adjusting windshield
If the ASC warning light
lights up after switching
the ignition off and on and then
continued driving over 5 mph
(10 km/h), an ASC error has
occurred.
Adjusting seat height
Removing driver's seat (
67)
To adjust, take out seat bearing rod 1 and insert at desired
height.
59
Remove rubber wedge 2 on
underside of driver's seat from
mount and reinsert it in desired
position.
Installing driver's seat ( 68)
Adjusting the windshield
while driving can cause a
fall. For safety reasons, do not
adjust the mechanical windshield
while driving.
To adjust, bring the motorcycle
to a complete stop.
Raise or lower windshield manually as required.
Windshield audibly engages in
three positions.
Operation
Seat height
4
z
Clutch
60
If the position of the clutch
fluid reservoir is changed,
air can enter the clutch system.
Do not reposition the handlebar
controls on the handlebars or the
handlebars in their mounts.
Operation
4
z
Adjusting clutch lever
Adjusting the clutch lever
while driving can lead to
accidents.
Only adjust the clutch lever when
the motorcycle is stationary.
Turn adjusting screw 1 clockwise.
The adjusting screw has a
limit position and can be
turned more easily when you
press the clutch lever forward.
Only adjust the brake lever when
the motorcycle is stationary.
Distance between handlebar
grip and clutch lever increases.
Turn adjusting screw 1 counterclockwise.
Distance between handlebar
grip and clutch lever decreases.
Brakes
Adjusting handbrake lever
Changing the position of
the brake-fluid reservoir can
allow air to penetrate the brake
system.
Do not reposition the handlebar
controls on the handlebars or the
handlebars in their mounts.
Adjusting the brake lever
while driving can lead to
accidents.
Turn adjusting screw 1 clockwise.
The adjusting screw has
a limit position and can
be turned more easily when
you press the handbrake lever
forward.
Distance between handlebar
grip and handbrake lever increases.
Turn adjusting screw 1 counterclockwise.
Adjusting mirror arm
Handlebars
Mirrors
4
61
Adjustable handlebars
Adjusting mirrors
Move mirror into desired position by twisting.
Slide protective cap over
threaded fastener.
Slide up protective cap over
threaded fastener on mirror
arm.
Loosen nut 1.
Turn mirror arm into desired
position.
Tighten the nut to the specified tightening torque, while
holding the mirror arm to ensure that it does not move out
of position.
Mirror on clamping piece
18 lb/ft (25 Nm)
The height of the two handlebar
halves can be adjusted to two
different positions. Consult a certified workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer,
for adjustment of the handlebar
halves.
Spring preload
Spring preload
It is essential to set the spring
preload of the rear suspension
to suit the load carried by the
motorcycle. Increase the spring
preload when the motorcycle is
heavily loaded and reduce the
spring preload accordingly when
the motorcycle is lightly loaded.
Operation
Distance between handlebar
grip and handbrake lever decreases.
z
4
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Operation
62
Adjusting spring preload
for rear wheel
only when the motorcycle is
stationary.
To increase spring preload,
turn handwheel 1 in direction
of arrow HIGH.
To decrease spring preload,
turn handwheel 1 in direction
of arrow LOW.
Damping
Setting
The damping must be adjusted to the spring preload and the
road conditions. An increase in
spring preload requires firmer
damping, a reduction in spring
preload requires softer damping.
Adjusting damping on rear
wheel
z
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Your motorcycle's handling will suffer if you do
not match the spring-preload and
damping-characteristic settings.
Adjust the damping characteristic
to suit the spring preload.
Adjusting the spring preload
while the motorcycle is being ridden can lead to accidents.
Adjust the spring preload
Basic setting of spring
preload, rear
Handwheel on side marking
set to "STD" (Driver with
weight of 187 lbs (85 kg),
full tank of gas)
To increase damping, turn adjusting screw 1 in arrow direction H.
To decrease damping, turn adjusting screw 1 in arrow direction S.
Adjust damping with the toolkit
using the adjusting screw 1.
Basic setting of rear
wheel rear-wheel damping
Turn adjusting screw in arrow direction H until stop,
then turn one and a half
turns in arrow direction S.
(Full tank of gas, with rider
187 lbs (85 kg))
4
Settings
63
Operation
There is a risk of injury
by burns if you adjust the
damping characteristic while the
muffler is hot.
Use screwdriver extension and
wear gloves.
Electronic Suspension
Adjustment ESA OE
z
Using the electronic suspension
adjustment ESA you can conveniently adjust your motorcycle to
various driving conditions.
Three spring preloads can be
combined with three damping
settings to optimally adapt the
motorcycle to the load and the
road surface. The damping setting is displayed in the multifunction display in the area 1, and the
spring preload in the area 2. The
odometer display is hidden for
the duration of the ESA display.
64
Adjusting spring preload
Operation
4
z
The ESA control unit is equipped
with an overload protection
device that interrupts the
adjustment process for the spring
preload in case of excessive
current consumption. Especially
at low temperatures and with a
heavy payload, increased current
consumption can briefly result,
causing an interruption of the
adjustment process.
At temperatures below 0 °C,
BMW Motorrad recommends
that the passenger should wait
until the adjustment process to
passenger mode is completed
before taking a seat. In case of
very long adjustment distances
(adjustment from "single rider"
to "operation with passenger and
luggage"), BMW Motorrad also
recommends unloading the motorcycle.
The ESA display flashes until the
adjustment process has been
completed.
An interrupted adjustment process is automatically continued
as soon as the current consumption is reduced, e.g. with the
measures described above.
Display goes out automatically
after a few seconds.
Adjusting damping
Switch on ignition.
The damping cannot be adjusted while the motorcycle
is being ridden.
Calling up settings
Switch on ignition.
Press button 1.
The current setting is
displayed.
Press button 1.
Current setting is displayed.
Press button 1 once in each
case.
Starting from the current state,
the display is in the following order:
If button 1 is not pressed for a
longer time, damping is set as
indicated.
Adjusting spring preload
Press and hold button 1 until
display changes each time.
Starting from the current state,
the display is in the following order:
One-up
One-up with luggage
Start engine.
The spring preload cannot
be adjusted while the motorcycle is being ridden.
Two-up (with luggage)
If button 1 is not pressed for
a longer time, spring preload
is set as indicated. During the
setting procedure, the display
flashes.
Incorrect tire inflation pressure results in poorer handing characteristics of the motorcycle and reduces the life of the
tires.
Ensure proper tire inflation
pressure.
At high road speeds, tire
valves have a tendency to
open as a result of centrifugal
force.
Fit metal valve caps with rubber
seals and screw them on firmly
to prevent sudden deflation.
Check tire pressures against
the data below.
Tire pressure, front
Tires
Checking tire inflation
pressure
Press button 1.
Current setting is displayed.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
31.9 psi (2.2 bar) (Single
rider, with cold tire)
36.3 psi (2.5 bar) (Driver with
passenger and/or load, with
cold tire)
4
65
Operation
COMF comfortable damping
NORM normal damping
SPORT sporty damping
z
4
Operation
66
z
Tire pressure, rear
36.3 psi (2.5 bar) (Single
rider, with cold tire)
42.1 psi (2.9 bar) (Driver with
passenger and/or load, with
cold tire)
If tire pressure is too low:
Correct tire pressure.
Headlight
Adjusting headlight for
RHD/LHD traffic
If the motorcycle is ridden in a
country where the opposite rule
of the road applies, its asymmetric low-beam headlight will tend
to dazzle oncoming traffic.
Have the headlight adjusted to
the relevant conditions by a specialized workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Ordinary adhesive tape
damages the plastic lens.
To prevent damage to the plastic
lens, consult a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Headlight range
adjustment
Headlight range and
spring preload
The headlight range generally
remains constant due to the adjustment of the spring preload to
the loading state.
Spring preload adjustment may
only be insufficient when the motorcycle is very heavily loaded.
In this case, the headlight range
must be adjusted to the weight.
If you are unsure whether
the basic headlight setting
is correct, consult a specialized
workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
1
Headlight range adjustment
In the case of very high payloads,
the available spring preload adjustment might not be adequate.
To avoid dazzling oncoming traffic, headlight adjustment can be
corrected by adjusting the swivel
lever.
4
A
B
Neutral position
Position with heavy payload
Turn key clockwise in seat
lock.
Pull the seat to the rear to release it from its holders.
Removing driver's seat
Front and rear seats
Removing passenger seat
( 67)
Removing passenger seat
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
When doing so, press the rear
seat down.
Lift passenger seat and release
key.
Operation
67
z
motorcycle will be pushed off its
stand.
Make sure that the motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
4
Operation
68
z
Installing passenger seat
Installing driver's seat (
68)
Push driver's seat toward front
into holder 1.
Place driver's seat at rear on
mounts.
Pull driver's seat slightly back
and lift out.
Installing driver's seat
Lay on passenger seat so that
tongues grip under related
holders 2.
Check that the seat is correctly
seated.
Installing passenger seat
( 68)
If too much pressure is applied in the forward direction, there is a danger that the
Helmet holder
4
Locking helmet on
motorcycle
69
If too much pressure is applied in the forward direction, there is a danger that the
motorcycle will be pushed off its
stand.
Make sure that the motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
Firmly press down on passenger seat at rear.
Passenger seat clicks audibly
into place.
The helmet catch can
scratch the paneling.
When hooking on the helmet,
watch the position of the helmet
lock.
Secure helmet on helmet holder 1 using steel cable available
as an optional accessory.
To do this, guide steel cable
through helmet and push cable
eyes onto a holder.
Installing passenger seat
( 68)
Operation
Removing passenger seat
( 67)
z
Operation
4
70
z
Riding
Riding
Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
5
71
Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Refueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Riding
Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
z
Safety instructions
72
Do not ride without the correct
clothing. Always wear:
Helmet
Rider's suit
Gloves
Boots
Riding
5
z
Rider's equipment
This applies even to short journeys, and to every season of the
year. Your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer will be happy to
advise you and has the correct
clothing for every purpose.
Speed
If you ride at high speed, always
bear in mind that various boundary conditions can adversely affect the handling of your motorcycle:
Settings of spring-strut and
shock absorber system
Imbalanced load
Loose clothing
Insufficient tire inflation pressure
Poor tire tread
Etc.
Correct loading
Overloading and imbalanced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceed the gross weight
limit and observe the loading
information.
Alcohol and drugs
Even small amounts of alcohol or drugs will adversely affect your perception and your
ability to assess situations and
make decisions, and slow down
your reflexes. Medication can exacerbate these effects.
Do not ride your motorcycle after
consuming alcohol, drugs and/or
medication.
Risk of poisoning
Exhaust fumes contain carbon
monoxide, which is colorless and
odorless but highly toxic.
Inhaling exhaust fumes
therefore represents a
health hazard and can even
cause loss of consciousness with
fatal consequences.
Do not inhale exhaust fumes.
Do not run the engine in closed
rooms.
High voltage
Touching live parts of the
ignition system with the
engine running can cause electric
shock.
Do not touch parts of the ignition system when the engine is
running.
If misfiring causes unburned fuel
to enter the catalytic converter,
there is a danger of overheating
and damage.
For this reason, observe the following points:
Do not run the fuel tank dry
Do not run the engine with the
spark-plug cap removed
Stop the engine immediately if
it misfires
Use unleaded fuel only
Comply with all specified maintenance intervals.
Unburned fuel will destroy
the catalytic converter.
Note the points listed for protection of the catalytic converter.
Risk of fire
Temperatures at the exhaust are
high.
Flammable materials (e.g.
hay, leaves, grass, clothing
and luggage, etc.) could ignite
if allowed to come into contact
with the hot exhaust pipe.
Make sure that no highly
flammable materials can come
in contact with the hot exhaust
system.
Cooling would be inadequate if the engine were allowed to idle for a lengthy period
with the motorcycle at a standstill: overheating would result. In
extreme cases, the motorcycle
could catch fire.
Do not allow the engine to idle
unnecessarily. After starting, ride
off immediately.
Tampering with the
engine control unit
5
Tampering with the engine
control unit can damage
the motorcycle and cause accidents.
Do not tamper with the engine
control unit.
73
Tampering with the engine
control unit can result in
mechanical loads that the motorcycle's components are not
designed to withstand. Damage
caused in this way is not covered
by the warranty.
Do not tamper with the engine
control unit.
Checklist
Use the following checklist to
check important functions, settings and wear limits before you
ride off.
Riding
Catalytic converter
z
5
Riding
74
z
Brakes
Front and rear brake fluid levels
Clutch
Clutch fluid level
Shock absorber setting and
spring preload
Tread depth and tire pressure
Firm seating of cases and luggage
Transmission
You can start the engine when
the transmission is in neutral or if
you pull the clutch with a gear
engaged. Do not engage the
clutch until after switching on the
ignition, as otherwise the engine
cannot be started.
Starting engine
At regular intervals:
Engine oil level (every time you
refuel)
Brake pad wear (during every
third stop for refueling)
Starting
Side stand
You cannot start the motorcycle with the side stand extended
and a gear engaged. The engine
will switch itself off if you start it
with the transmission in neutral
and then engage a gear before
retracting the side stand.
Emergency ON/OFF switch 1
in operating position A.
Switch on ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 75)
With OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
Switch on ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 75)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 75)
With OE Automatic Stability
Control:
Switch on ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
( 75)
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 75)
ASC self-diagnosis is performed. ( 76)
Pre-ride check
Press starter button 1.
At extremely low temperatures it may be necessary
to operate the throttle twist grip
during starting. At ambient temperatures below 32 °F (0 °C),
actuate the clutch after switching
on the ignition.
The start attempt is automatically interrupted if battery voltage is too low. Recharge
the battery before you start the
engine, or use jump leads and a
donor battery to start.
Engine starts.
The instrument cluster runs a
test of the 'General' warning light
when the ignition is switched on:
this is the "Pre-Ride-Check" The
'General' warning light shows first
red and then yellow, so that you
can check that it is in working
order. The test is aborted if you
start the engine before it completes.
Phase 1
General warning light shows
red.
CHECK! appears on the display.
Phase 2
General warning light shows
yellow.
CHECK! appears on the display.
If the 'General' warning light does
not show:
Some malfunctions cannot
be indicated if the 'General' warning light cannot be displayed.
Check that the 'General' warning
light comes on, and that it shows
red and yellow.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
ABS self-diagnosis OE
The readiness for operation of
the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
is checked by the self-diagnosis.
Self-diagnosis is performed automatically when you switch on
the ignition. To check the wheel
5
75
Riding
Consult the troubleshooting
chart if the engine refuses to
start. ( 134)
z
5
Riding
76
sensors, the motorcycle must
drive faster than 3 mph (5 km/h).
Phase 1
Checking the diagnosable
system components while
stopped.
ABS warning light flashes.
z
Possible country-specific version of ABS warning
light.
Phase 2
Checking the wheel sensors
while starting off.
ABS warning light flashes.
Possible country-specific version of ABS warning
light.
ABS self-diagnosis
completed
The ABS warning light goes
out.
If an ABS fault is indicated after
the ABS self-diagnosis is completed:
Continue driving is possible. It
must be noted that neither the
ABS nor the integral function is
available.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
ASC self-diagnosis OE
The readiness for operation
of the BMW Motorrad ASC is
checked by the self-diagnosis.
Self-diagnosis is performed
automatically when you switch
on the ignition. So that the ASC
self-diagnosis can be completed,
the engine must be running and
the motorcycle must drive at a
speed of at least 3 mph (5 km/h).
Phase 1
Checking the diagnosable
system components while
stopped.
ASC symbol flashes.
Phase 2
Checking the diagnosable system components while driving.
ASC symbol flashes.
ASC self-diagnosis
completed
The ASC warning light goes
out.
If an ASC fault is indicated after
the ASC self-diagnosis is completed:
Continue driving is possible. It
must be noted that the ASC
function is not available.
Have the malfunction corrected
as soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably
Running in
The first 600 miles
(1,000 km)
While running in the motorcycle, vary the throttle opening
and engine-speed range frequently.
Try to do most of your riding during this initial period on
twisting, fairly hilly roads, avoiding high-speed main roads and
highways if possible.
Exceeding the specified engine speeds while running
in will lead to increased engine
wear.
Adhere to the specified engine
run-in speeds.
Do not exceed the engine runin speeds.
Engine break-in speed
Max 4000 min-1
Do not accelerate at full throttle.
Avoid low engine speeds at full
load.
After 300 - 750 miles (500 1,200 km), have the first inspection performed.
Brake pads
New brake pads must "bed
down" and therefore do not
achieve their optimum friction
levels during the first 300 miles
(500 km). This initial reduction
in braking efficiency can be
compensated for by exerting
greater pressure on the levers.
New brake pads can extend stopping distance by a
significant margin.
Brake early.
Tires
New tires have a smooth surface. This must be roughened by
riding in a restrained manner at
various heel angles until the tires
are run in. This running in procedure is essential if the tires are to
achieve maximum grip.
New tires have not
achieved their full adhesion
yet. There is a danger of
accidents when driving at
extreme angles.
Avoid extreme angles.
Brakes
How is the shortest
braking distance
achieved?
The dynamic load distribution
between the front and rear wheel
changes during braking. The
heavier you brake, the more
the front wheel is loaded. The
5
77
Riding
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
z
5
Riding
78
z
greater the wheel load, the more
braking force can be transferred.
To achieve the shortest possible
braking distance, the front brake
must be applied quickly and with
increasing force. This optimally utilizes the dynamic load increase on the front wheel. At the
same time, the clutch should also be actuated. With the "forced
braking" often practiced in which
the brake pressure is generated as quickly as possible and
with great force, the dynamic
load distribution cannot follow
the increased deceleration and
the braking force cannot be completely transferred to the road
surface. To prevent the front
wheel from locking, the ABS system must intervene and reduce
the brake pressure; the braking
distance increases.
Descending mountain
passes
There is a danger of the
brakes fading if you use only the rear brakes when descending mountain passes. Under
extreme conditions, the brakes
could overheat and suffer severe
damage.
Use both front and rear brakes,
and make use of the engine's
braking effect as well.
Wet brakes
After washing the motorcycle, after driving through
water or in the rain, braking can
be delayed due to damp brake
disks and brake pads.
Brake early until the brakes are
dry or braked until dry.
Salt on brakes
The full braking effect can
be delayed if the motorcycle is ridden on salt-covered
roads and the brakes are not applied for some time.
Brake early until the salt layer of
the brake disks and brake pads
has been braked off.
Oil or grease on brakes
Oil and grease on the brake
disks and pads considerably
diminish braking efficiency.
Especially after repair and maintenance tasks, make sure that
the brake disks and brake pads
are free of oil and grease.
Dirt or mud on brakes
When the motorcycle is
ridden on loose surfaces
or muddy roads, the brakes may
fail to take effect immediately
Driving on unpaved or dirty
roads leads to increased
brake pad wear.
Check the brake pad thickness
more often and replace the brake
pads sooner.
Parking your
motorcycle
Placing on side stand
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee
that the motorcycle will rest firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Switch off the engine.
Pull handbrake lever.
Hold motorcycle upright and
balanced.
Use your left foot to extend
side stand fully.
The side stand is designed
to support only the weight
of the motorcycle.
Do not lean or sit on the
motorcycle with the side stand
extended.
Slowly lean the motorcycle to
the side until its weight is taken
by the stand and dismount to
the left.
If the motorcycle is on the
side stand, the surface
of the ground will determine
whether it is better to turn the
handlebars to the left or right.
However, the motorcycle is more
stable on a level surface with the
handlebars turned to the left than
with the handlebars turned to the
right.
On level ground, always turn the
handlebars to the left to set the
steering lock.
5
Turn handlebars to full left or
right lock position.
Check that the motorcycle is
standing firmly.
79
On a grade, the motorcycle
should always face uphill;
select 1st gear.
Lock steering lock.
Remove from side stand
Unlock steering lock.
From left, grip handlebars with
both hands.
Pull handbrake lever.
Swing your right leg over the
seat and lift motorcycle to upright position.
Hold motorcycle upright and
balanced.
An extended side stand can
catch on the ground when
Riding
because of dirt or moisture on
the disks or brake pads.
Brake early until the brakes are
braked clean.
z
5
80
the motorcycle is moving and
lead to a fall.
Retract the side stand before
moving the vehicle.
Riding
Sit on motorcycle and use your
left foot to retract side stand.
z
Placing on center stand OA
If the ground is soft or uneven, there is no guarantee
that the motorcycle will rest firmly on the stand.
Always check that the ground
under the stand is level and
firm.
Switch off the engine.
Dismount and keep your left
hand on left handlebar grip.
Grasp passenger seat handle
or rear frame with your right
hand.
Using your right foot, press
center stand toward rear until
feet rest on ground.
Place full weight of body on
center stand while pulling motorcycle toward rear.
Excessive movements
could result in the center
stand retracting, and the
motorcycle would topple as a
result.
Do not sit on the motorcycle
while it is resting on the center
stand.
Check that the motorcycle is
standing firmly.
Lock steering lock.
Pushing off center
stand OA
Unlock steering lock.
Place your left hand on left
handlebar grip.
With your right hand, grip rear
grab handle or rear frame.
Push motorcycle forward off
center stand.
Make sure that center stand is
fully retracted.
Refueling
Fuel is highly flammable.
Fire at the fuel tank can
result in fire and explosion.
Do not smoke. Never bring a
naked flame near the fuel tank.
Fuel expands when exposed to heat. When the
tank is overfilled, fuel can escape
and get onto the rear wheel.
This results in a danger of falling.
Do not fill the tank past the bottom edge of the filler neck.
Fuel attacks plastic surfaces, making them cloudy
or unattractive.
Wipe off any fuel that gets onto
plastic parts immediately.
Fuel can attack the material of the windshield and
Leaded fuel will destroy the
catalytic converter.
Use only unleaded fuel.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Refuel with quality listed below
at most until lower edge of filler
neck is reached.
Recommended fuel quality
98 ROZ/RON (Super Plus
unleaded)
95 ROZ/RON (Super unleaded (fuel type can be used
with reduced performance
and consumption))
Usable fuel quantity
5.5 gal (21 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
Open protective cap.
Open the fuel tank cap with
the ignition key by turning it
counterclockwise.
~1.1 gal (~4 l)
Press the fuel tank cap down
firmly to close.
Remove key and close protective cap.
5
81
Riding
the side wind deflectors, making
them cloudy or unattractive.
Wipe off any fuel that gets onto
the windshield and wind deflectors immediately.
z
Riding
5
82
z
Technology in detail
Technology in detail
Brake system with BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
6
83
Tire Pressure Control RDC OE . . . . . . 87
Technology in detail
Engine management with BMW Motorrad ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
z
6
84
Brake system with
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS OE
Technology in detail
Partially integral brake
z
Your motorcycle is equipped with
a partially integral brake configuration. Both front and rear brakes
are applied simultaneously when
you pull the handbrake lever.
The footbrake lever acts only on
the rear brake.
The BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
adapts the braking force distribution between the front and rear
wheel brake to the loading of the
motorcycle during braking.
Spinning of the rear wheel
with the front brake pulled
(burn out) is made considerably more difficult by the integral function. The result may be
damage to the rear wheel brake
and the clutch.
Avoid burn-outs.
How does ABS work?
The maximum braking force that
can be transferred to the road
surface is partially dependent on
the friction coefficient of the road
surface. Gravel, ice, snow and
wet roads offer a considerably
poorer friction coefficient than a
dry, clean asphalt surface. The
poorer the friction coefficient of
the road surface is, the longer
the braking distance will be.
If the maximum transferrable
braking force is exceeded when
the driver increases the brake
pressure, the wheels begin to
block and driving stability is lost,
and a fall can result. Before this
situation occurs, ABS intervenes
and adjusts the brake pressure
to the maximum transferrable
braking force. This enables the
wheels to continue to turn and
maintains driving stability regardless of the road surface condition.
What happens when
rough roads are
encountered?
Bumpy or rough roads can briefly
lead to a loss of contact between the tires and the road
surface, until the transferrable
braking force is reduced to zero. If braking is carried out in this
situation, ABS must reduce the
brake pressure to ensure driving stability when restoring contact to the road. At this point in
time, the BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS must assume extremely low
friction coefficients (gravel, ice,
snow) so that the running wheels
turn in every imaginable case and
the driving stability is ensured.
After detecting the actual conditions, the system adjusts the
optimum brake pressure.
If the ABS system must reduce
the braking forces due to the
conditions described above, then
vibrations can be felt at the handbrake lever.
If the handbrake lever is pulled,
then braking pressure is built up
at the rear wheel with the integral
function. If the footbrake pedal is
first actuated after this, the brake
pressure already built up can be
felt earlier than the counter-pressure, than when the footbrake
pedal is actuated before or together with the handbrake lever.
Lifting off rear wheel
Even during severe braking, a
high level of tire grip can mean
that the front wheel does not
lock up until very late, if at all.
Consequently, ABS does not intervene until very late, if at all.
Under these circumstances the
rear wheel can lift off the ground,
and the outcome can be a highsiding situation in which the motorcycle can flip over.
Heavy braking can lead to
the rear wheel lifting off the
ground.
When braking, bear in mind that
the ABS control cannot be relied
on in all circumstances to prevent
the rear wheel from lifting off the
ground.
What are the design
characteristics of the
BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS?
The BMW Motorrad Integral ABS
ensures driving stability on any
surface within the limits of driving
physics. The system is not optimized for special requirements
resulting under extreme weath-
er conditions offroad or on the
racetrack.
6
Special situations
85
To detect the tendency of the
wheels to lock up, the speeds
of the front and rear wheel are
compared. If implausible values
are detected over a longer period
of time, the ABS function is deactivated for safety reasons and
an ABS fault is indicated. The
condition for a fault message is
the completed self-diagnosis.
In addition to problems on the
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS,
unusual driving conditions can
also lead to a fault message.
Unusual driving conditions:
Heating up on the main or auxiliary stand at idle or with gear
engaged.
Rear wheel locked-up for a
longer period of time by en-
Technology in detail
How is the BMW Motorrad
Integral ABS noticeable to
the rider?
z
gine brake, e.g. when riding
downhill offroad.
86
Should a fault message result
due to one of the driving conditions described above, the ABS
function can be reactivated by
switching the ignition off and
then on again.
Technology in detail
6
z
How important is regular
maintenance?
Any technical system is always only as good as its
maintenance condition.
To ensure that the BMW Motorrad ABS is in an optimally maintained condition, it is vital that the
specified inspection intervals be
complied with.
Reserves for safety
But remember: the potentially
shorter braking distances which
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS permits must not be used as an ex-
cuse for careless riding. ABS is
primarily a means of ensuring a
safety margin in genuine emergencies.
Take care when cornering. When
you apply the brakes on a corner, the motorcycle's weight and
momentum take over and even
BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is
unable to counteract their effects.
Engine management
with BMW Motorrad
ASC OE
How does ASC work?
The BMW Motorrad ASC compares the wheel speeds of the
front and rear wheel. From the
speed difference the slip, and
with it the stability reserves on
the rear wheel are determined.
When a slip limit is exceeded, the
engine torque is adapted by the
engine management system.
What are the design
characteristics of the
BMW Motorrad ASC?
The BMW Motorrad ASC is an
assistance system for the driver and is designed for driving on
public roads. Especially in at the
limits of driving physics, the driver has a considerable influence
on the control options of the
ASC (shifting weight in curves,
loose loads). The system is not
optimized for special requirements resulting under extreme
weather conditions offroad or on
the racetrack. The BMW Motorrad ASC can be deactivated for
these cases.
Even with ASC, physical
laws cannot be overridden.
The driver is always responsible
for adapting his/her driving style.
Do not reduce the additional
safety provided with risky
driving.
At an increasing angle, the acceleration performance is increasingly limited in accordance with
physical laws. This can result in
delayed acceleration when coming out of very tight curves.
To detect spinning or slipping
away of the rear wheel, the
speeds of the front and
rear wheel are compared. If
implausible values are detected
over a longer period of time, the
ASC function is deactivated for
safety reasons and an ASC fault
is indicated. The condition for a
fault message is the completed
self-diagnosis.
In the following unusual driving
states, the BMW Motorrad ASC
can be automatically deactivated.
Unusual driving conditions:
Driving on the rear wheel
(wheely) for a longer period
with ASC deactivated.
Rear wheel spinning in place
with front brake pulled (burn
out).
Heating up on the main or auxiliary stand at idle or with gear
engaged.
The ASC is reactivated by
switching the ignition on and
off and then driving at a speed
above 10 km/h.
If the front wheel loses contact
to the ground during extreme
acceleration, the ASC reduces
the engine torque until the front
wheel touches the ground again.
In this case, BMW Motorrad
recommends turning back the
throttle twist grip somewhat to
achieve a stable driving state
again as quickly as possible.
On a slippery surface, the throttle
twist grip should never be suddenly turned back completely
without pull the clutch at the
same time. The engine braking
torque can cause the rear wheel
to block, resulting in an unstable
driving state. This case cannot
be controlled by the BWM Motorrad ASC.
Tire Pressure Control
RDC OE
Function
A sensor is located in each tire,
which measures the air temperature and the inflation pressure
inside the tire and sends these
values to the control unit.
The sensors are equipped with
a centrifugal controller, which
does not enable the transmission of the measured values until a speed of approx. 20 mph
(30 km/h) is reached. Before initial reception of the tire inflation
pressure, -- is shown in the display for each tire. The sensors
continue to transmit the mea-
6
87
Technology in detail
Special situations
z
6
Technology in detail
88
z
sured values for approx. 15 minutes after the motorcycle comes
to a stop.
The control unit can manage four
sensors, and as a result two sets
of wheels with RDC sensors can
be driven. If a RDC control unit
is installed, however the wheels
have no sensors, then an error
message is output.
Temperature
compensation
The tire inflation pressures are
shown temperature-compensated in the multifunction display;
they refer to a tire air temperature of 68 °F (20 °C). As the airpressure testers at filling stations
show a temperature-dependent
tire inflation pressure, they do
not match the values indicated in
the multifunction display in most
cases.
Tire inflation pressure
ranges
The RDC control unit distinguishes between three inflation pressure ranges matched to the motorcycle:
Inflation pressure within the
permissible tolerance.
Inflation pressure at the limits
of the permissible tolerance.
Inflation pressure outside the
permissible tolerance.
A warning is also output if the
tire inflation pressure drops rapidly within the permissible tolerance.
Accessories
Accessories
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Onboard socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
7
89
Case OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Topcase OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Accessories
Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
z
7
Accessories
90
z
General instructions
BMW Motorrad recommends
the use of parts and accessories
for your motorcycle that are approved by BMW for this purpose.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer is the right place to go
for genuine BMW parts and accessories,other BMW-approved
products, and expert advice on
their installation and use.
These parts and products have
been tested by BMW for safety,
function and suitability. BMW
accepts product liability for these
products.
Conversely, BMW is unable to
accept any liability whatsoever
for parts and accessories which it
has not approved.
BMW Motorrad cannot examine or test each product
of outside origin to ensure that it
can be used on or in connection
with BMW motorcycles without
constituting a safety hazard. Nor
is this guarantee provided when
the official approval of a specific
country has been granted. Tests
conducted by these instances
cannot make provision for all operating conditions experienced by
BMW motorcycles and, consequently, they are not sufficient in
some circumstances.
Use only parts and accessories
approved by BMW for your
motorcycle.
Whenever you are planning modifications, comply with all the legal requirements. The motorcycle must not infringe on national
road-vehicle construction and
use regulations.
Onboard socket
Ratings
The supply to the socket is cut
off automatically if battery voltage
is low or the load exceeds the
maximum rating.
Operating electrical
accessories
You can start using electrical accessories only when the ignition
is switched on. The accessory
remains operational if the ignition is subsequently switched off.
Approx. 15 minutes after switching off the ignition and/or during
Cable routing
The cables from the onboard
socket to the auxiliary device
must be routed in such a way
that they:
do not impede the rider
do not restrict or obstruct the
steering angle and handling
characteristics
cannot be trapped
Improperly routed cables
can impede the rider.
Route the cables as described
above.
Luggage
Correct loading
Overloading and imbalanced loads can adversely
affect the motorcycle's handling.
Do not exceed the gross weight
limit and observe the loading
information.
Adjust setting of spring
preload, damping characteristic
and tire inflation pressures to
suit total weight.
Ensure that case volumes on
left and right are equal.
Make sure that weight is uniformly distributed between
right and left.
Pack heavy items of luggage
downwards and inwards.
Observe maximum payload of
case and corresponding top
speed.
Payload of case
}22 lbs (}10 kg)
Speed limit for driving
with case
}112 mph (}180 km/h)
Observe maximum payload of
Topcase and corresponding
top speed.
Payload of Topcase
7
91
}11 lbs (}5 kg)
Speed limit for driving
with Topcase
}112 mph (}180 km/h)
Observe maximum payload of
tank rucksack.
Payload of tank rucksack
}11 lbs (}5 kg)
Observe maximum payload of
tank bag.
Payload of tank bag
}11 lbs (}5 kg)
Accessories
starting, the onboard socket is
switched off to take the load off
the motorcycle electrical system.
z
7
92
Closing case
Comply with maximum payload
of luggage rack.
Payload of luggage carrier
Accessories
}22 lbs (}10 kg)
z
With OA Topcase:
}11 lbs (}5 kg)
Case OA
Press lock barrel 1.
Unlocking lever 2 pops up.
Opening case
Turn key in case lock perpendicular to direction of travel.
Case is unlocked.
Fold lever 2 toward rear.
Open case lid 3.
Fold lever 2 completely toward
rear.
Close case lid 3 and press
down. Check that nothing is
trapped between lid and case.
The case is released and can
be removed.
Mounting case
7
93
Press lever 2 down.
The lever engages.
Turn key in case lock parallel
to direction of travel.
Case is locked.
Accessories
Unlatch the handle and pull it
up as far as it will go.
Turn the key clockwise (left
case) or counterclockwise (right
case).
Handle 4 pops out.
Removing case
z
Insert case in brackets 5.
Turn key in case lock perpendicular to direction of travel.
Pull the handle out and then
pull it up as far as it will go.
Topcase OA
7
Opening Topcase
Accessories
94
z
Press case handle down until it
engages.
Case locks.
Turn key in case lock parallel
to direction of travel.
Case is locked.
Check case for firm seating.
Open lid 9.
Closing Topcase
Position lock barrel vertically in
Topcase.
Topcase is opened.
Press lock barrel 7.
Locking lever 8 pops out.
Fully open locking lever 8.
Fully open locking lever 8.
Close lid and press down.
Check that nothing is trapped
between the lid and the case.
Mounting Topcase
Press down locking lever 8 until it engages.
7
Position lock barrel horizontally.
Topcase is closed.
Turn the key clockwise.
Handle 6 pops out.
Pull up handle 6 completely.
Pull handle 6 up as far as it will
go.
Accessories
95
z
Removing Topcase
Position lock barrel horizontally.
Topcase is locked.
Lift the Topcase at the rear
and pull it off the carrier.
Hook the Topcase into position
on the carrier. Make sure that
7
hooks 7 are securely seated in
corresponding mounts 8.
Accessories
96
z
Press handle down until it engages.
Topcase is locked.
Maintenance
Maintenance
General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
8
97
General brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Front wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Rear-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Jump-starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Maintenance
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
z
8
Maintenance
98
z
General instructions
The 'Maintenance' chapter describes work involving the checking and replacement of wear
parts that can be performed with
a minimum of effort.
If special tightening torques are
to be taken into account for
assembly, these are listed. An
overview of all required tightening
torques is contained in the
chapter "Technical Data".
Information on additional maintenance and repair work is provided in the Repair Manual for your
motorcycle on DVD/CD-ROM
(RepROM), which you can obtain from your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Special tools and a thorough
knowledge of motorcycles are
required to carry out some of the
work described here. If you are
in doubt, consult a certified work-
shop, preferably your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
Toolkit
Standard toolkit
3 TORX wrenches T25, T45
Removing and installing tail
light glass
4 Oil cap wrench
Removing and installing cap for
oil fill location
Onboard-toolkit service
set
1 Reversible screwdriver
Removing and installing turn
indicator glasses
Adjusting rebound
2 Open-ended wrench, 17
mm
Adjusting mirror arm
Your BMW Motorrad retailer offers the onboard-toolkit service
set for additional work.
Information on conducting this
work is provided in the Repair
Manual on DVD/CD-ROM, which
is also available from your BMW
Motorrad retailer.
5 Socket wrench
3x open-ended wrench, e.g.
removing and installing battery
terminals
1 Pull-out tool holder
Holding of all tools with adapter
Removing and installing spark
plugs
2 1/4" bits
5x Torx, e.g. removing and installing rear wheel
2x Phillips
1x Straight-blade
3 3/8" Allen key, 22 mm
Removing and installing front
axle
6 Adapter
Mounting for 1/4" bits
9x12 mm and 3/8" jointed
adapter
Engine oil
Checking engine oil level
The engine can seize if the
oil level is low, and this can
lead to accidents.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
The oil level varies with the
temperature of the oil. The
higher the temperature, the higher the level of oil in the sump.
Checking the oil level with the
engine cold or after a short trip
leads to misinterpretations and
therefore to incorrect oil fill quantities.
To ensure that the display of the
engine oil level is correct, only
check the oil level after a longer
trip.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle at
operating temperature.
Wait five minutes after switching off the engine at operating
temperature.
Hold motorcycle is vertical.
With OA Center stand:
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
8
99
Maintenance
4 Flashlight
LED technology
z
8
Engine oil level
Maintenance
100
Max 0.5 quarts (Max 0.5 l)
(Difference between MIN
and MAX)
If oil level is below MIN mark:
Topping up engine oil ( 100)
Read off the oil level from the
display 1.
z
If the oil level is above the MAX
mark:
Have oil level corrected by a
specialized workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Topping up engine oil
Checking engine oil level
( 99)
Engine oil level
between MIN and MAX
marking
Both too little and too
much engine oil can lead to
engine damage.
Always make sure that the oil
level is correct.
Wipe area around fill location
clean.
Remove cap of fill location with
toolkit.
Add engine oil up to specified
level.
Max 0.5 quarts (Max 0.5 l)
(Difference between MIN
and MAX)
Use tool from toolkit to install
cap of fill location.
General brake system
Brake safety
A fully functional brake system is
a basic requirement for the road
safety of your motorcycle.
Do not ride the motorcycle if you
have any doubts about the dependability of the brake system.
In this case, have the brake system checked by a specialized
workshop, preferably by an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Incorrect working practices
endanger the reliability of
the brakes.
Have all work on the brake system performed by a specialized
workshop, preferably by an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Checking brake operation
Pull the handbrake lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
Press the footbrake lever.
The pressure point must be
clearly perceptible.
If no clear pressure points are
perceptible:
Have the brakes checked by a
certified workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Brake pads
8
Checking front brake pad
thickness
101
Dropping below the minimum pad thickness leads
to reduced braking performance
and may result in damage to the
brakes.
In order to ensure the operating
reliability of the brake system,
make sure that the brake pads
are not worn beyond their minimum thickness.
Maintenance
Engine oil, quantity for
topping up
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
z
Checking rear brake pad
thickness
102
Dropping below the minimum pad thickness leads
to reduced braking performance
and may result in damage to the
brakes.
In order to ensure the operating
reliability of the brake system,
make sure that the brake pads
are not worn beyond their minimum thickness.
Maintenance
8
z
Visually inspect the left and
right brake pads to ascertain
their thickness. Direction of
view: between wheel and fork
tube at brake caliper.
Front brake-pad wear
limit
Min 0.04 in (Min 1 mm) (Only friction material without
carrier plate)
Wear markings (grooves)
must be clearly visible.
If wear indicating marks are no
longer clearly visible:
Have brake pads replaced by a
specialized workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Brake pad wear
The rear brake has a mechanical
brake-pad wear indicator.
Rear brake-pad wear limit
Brake disk must not be visible through bore hole of
inner brake pad.
Brake disk must not be visible
through bore hole of inner brake
pad.
Have the brake pads replaced
by a specialized workshop,
Shaft 1 with three marker rings 2
is between the brake pads.
How to interpret the marks:
Three rings visible: brake-pad
thickness is at least 75 %
Two rings visible: brake-pad
thickness is at least 50 %
One ring visible: brake-pad
thickness is at least 25 %
8
103
Brake fluid
Checking front brake fluid
level
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check brake fluid level
regularly.
Check brake pads on rear
brake caliper with visual
inspection from left.
0.04 in (1 mm) (Only friction
material without carrier plate)
No rings visible: brake pads
worn to wear limit; check as
described above
Make sure ground is level and
firm and hold motorcycle vertically.
With OA Center stand:
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Move handlebars into straightahead position.
Maintenance
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
z
Checking rear brake fluid
level
104
A low fluid level in the
brake reservoir can allow air
to penetrate the brake system.
This significantly reduces braking
efficiency.
Check brake fluid level
regularly.
Maintenance
8
z
Read off brake fluid level at
front brake-fluid reservoir 1.
The brake fluid level in the
brake-fluid reservoir drops
due to brake pad wear.
Front brake fluid level
Brake fluid DOT4
The brake fluid level must
not fall below the MIN mark.
(Brake-fluid reservoir horizontal)
If brake fluid level drops below
permissible level:
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and hold motorcycle vertically.
With OA Center stand:
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Checking clutch operation
Check brake fluid level through
inspection opening A in righthand side panel.
The brake fluid level in the
brake-fluid reservoir drops
due to brake pad wear.
Rear brake fluid level
Pull the clutch lever.
Pressure point must be clearly
perceptible.
If no clear pressure point can be
felt:
Have clutch checked by a specialized workshop, preferably
an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Brake fluid DOT4
Checking clutch fluid level
The brake fluid level must
not fall below the MIN mark.
(Brake-fluid reservoir horizontal)
Make sure ground is level and
firm and hold motorcycle vertically.
With OA Center stand:
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
If brake fluid level drops below
permissible level:
Have defect corrected as soon
as possible by a specialized
workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Move handlebars into straightahead position.
8
105
Maintenance
Clutch
z
Tires
8
Measuring tire tread
depth
Maintenance
106
z
Read off the clutch fluid level at
the reservoir 1.
The fluid level in the clutch
fluid reservoir rises due to
clutch wear.
The clutch system is filled
with a special hydraulic fluid
that does not require changing.
Clutch fluid level
Clutch fluid level must not
drop.
If fluid level drops:
Unsuitable hydraulic fluids
could cause damage to the
clutch system.
No fluids may be poured in.
Have the defect corrected as
soon as possible by a specialized workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
The handling of your motorcycle can already change
for the worse before the legally
prescribed minimum tread depth
is reached.
Have tires replaced even before the minimum tread depth
is reached.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Measure tire tread depth in
main tread grooves with wear
indicating marks.
Tires have wear indicators
integrated into the main
tread grooves. If the tire tread
has worn down to the level of
the marks, the tire is completely
worn. The locations of the marks
are indicated on the edge of the
Wheels
If the tire tread depth no longer
complies with the legally required
minimum tread depth:
Replace tire.
For every size of tire, BMW Motorrad has tested and approved
certain makes as roadworthy.
BMW Motorrad cannot evaluate
the suitability of other tires, and
can therefore take no responsibility for their driving safety.
BMW Motorrad recommends
only using the tires tested and
approved by BMW Motorrad.
Extensive information is available
at your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer or on the Internet at
www.bmw-motorrad.com.
Rims
Visual inspection
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Visually inspect rims for defects.
Have damaged rims checked
and, if necessary, replaced by
a specialized workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
TPC sticker OE
Recommended tires
8
107
The TPC sensors can be
damaged by improper tire
mounting.
Inform the BMW Motorrad retailer or the specialized workshop
that the wheel is equipped with a
TPC sensor.
On motorcycles equipped with
TPC, a corresponding sticker is
located on the wheel rim at the
position of the TPC sensor. During a tire change it must be ensured that the TPC sensor is not
damaged. Inform the BMW Mo-
Maintenance
tire, e.g. by the letters TI, TWI or
by an arrow.
z
8
torrad retailer or the specialized
workshop of the TPC sensor.
108
Removing front wheel
Maintenance
Place motorcycle on an auxiliary stand; BMW Motorrad recommends BMW Motorrad rear
wheel stand.
Installing rear-wheel stand
( 115)
With OA Center stand:
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
z
Remove screws 1 on left and
right.
Lift off mudguard toward front
while pressing part somewhat
to side.
Once the calipers have
been removed, there is
a risk of the brake pads being
pressed together to the extent
that they cannot be slipped back
over the brake disk on reassembly.
Do not operate the handbrake
lever when the brake calipers
have been removed.
Remove securing screws 2 of
left and right brake calipers.
Push brake pads in brake
caliper 3 apart slightly by
rocking back and forth A in
relation to brake disks 4.
Mask off area of wheel rim that
could be scratched in process
of removing brake calipers.
Carefully pull brake calipers
back and out until clear of
brake disks.
With OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
When pulling off left brake
caliper, make sure that ABS
sensor cable is not damaged.
Remove axle clamping screw 5.
Remove quick-release axle 6
while supporting wheel.
BMW Motorrad offers an
adapter piece for removing the quick-release axle. This
adapter can be combined with
any commercially available 22mm open-end or box wrench.
The adapter with the BMW special tool number 363691 can be
obtained from your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
The supplemental onboard toolkit
available as an optional accessory
also contains a tool for removing
the quick-release axle.
Roll front wheel forward to remove.
With OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
When rolling out wheel, watch
ABS sensor on left side.
Remove spacing bushing on
left side from wheel hub.
Installing front wheel
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the tightening
torques checked by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
During the following work,
parts of the front brake, and
in particular of the BMW Integral
ABS, can be damaged.
Take care not to damage the
brake system, in particular the
ABS sensor with cable and the
ABS sensor ring.
The front wheel must be
installed right way round to
rotate in the correct direction.
Observe the direction of rota-
8
109
Maintenance
Raise front of motorcycle until front wheel can turn freely.
BMW Motorrad recommends
the BMW Motorrad front-wheel
stand for lifting the motorcycle.
Mounting front wheel stand
( 114)
z
tion arrows on the tires or on the
rim.
110
Mount spacing bushing on left
side on wheel hub.
Maintenance
8
With OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
Lift front wheel and install
quick-release axle 6 with
appropriate torque.
z
Roll front wheel into front forks.
With OE BMW Motorrad Integral
ABS:
When rolling in wheel, watch
ABS sensor on left side.
Quick-release axle in axle
mount
37 lb/ft (50 Nm)
Tighten axle clamping screw 5
with appropriate torque.
Clamping screw for
quick-release axle
14 lb/ft (19 Nm)
Remove front wheel stand.
Ease the brake calipers on to
the brake disks.
The cable of the ABS sensor could chafe through if
it comes into contact with the
brake disk.
Ensure installation of the ABS
sensor cable close to the front
suspension.
Route ABS sensor cable 7 as
shown in picture.
Removing rear wheel
Components of the exhaust
system can be hot.
Do not touch hot parts of the
exhaust system.
Install mounting screws 2 with
appropriate torque.
Brake caliper on slider
tube
22 lb/ft (30 Nm)
Remove the adhesive tape
from the wheel rim.
Lay on mudguard from front
while watching lug on mudguard rear section.
Install screws 1 on left and
right.
Braking efficiency is impaired if the brake pads are
not correctly bedded against the
disks.
Before driving off, check that the
braking effect kicks in without
any delay.
Operate brakes several times
until brake pads contact brake
disk.
Place motorcycle on an auxiliary stand; BMW Motorrad recommends BMW Motorrad rear
wheel stand.
Installing rear-wheel stand
( 115)
With OA Center stand:
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
8
111
Maintenance
Remove rear wheel stand if
necessary.
z
8
Maintenance
112
Loosen clamp 1.
Turn muffler outward.
Shift into first gear.
Installing rear wheel
Threaded fasteners not
tightened to the specified
torque can work loose or their
threads can suffer damage.
Always have the tightening
torques checked by a specialized
workshop, preferably an
authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
z
Remove screw 2 for bracket of muffler from passenger
footrest.
Roll rear wheel out toward rear.
Remove bolts 3 of rear wheel,
holding wheel as you do so.
Make sure that wheel centering
device and contact surfaces of
wheel hub are grease-free.
Insert rear wheel in hole for
wheel centering device.
8
Turn muffler to its initial position.
Screw in screws 3 hand-tight
and tighten diagonally with
specified torque.
Clamp on muffler and
manifold
41 lb/ft (55 Nm)
Rear wheel on wheel
carrier
Tightening sequence: Tighten diagonally
44 lb/ft (60 Nm)
Align clamp 1 on muffler with
marking A and install with
torque.
Install screw 2 for muffler
bracket in rear footrest, but do
not tighten it yet.
Maintenance
113
z
Front wheel stand
114
A front-wheel stand for simple,
safe changing of the front wheel
is available from BMW Motorrad. This front wheel stand is
available at your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer.
Maintenance
8
z
Use
If the gap between the rear
wheel and the muffler is too
small, the rear wheel can overheat.
The gap between the rear wheel
and the muffler must be at least
15 mm.
Tighten screw 2 for bracket of
muffler on passenger footrest
with appropriate torque.
Muffler on footrest system
14 lb/ft (19 Nm)
Remove rear wheel stand if
necessary.
The BMW Motorrad front
wheel stand is not designed
for holding motorcycles without a
center or other auxiliary stands. A
motorcycle standing on the front
wheel stand and the rear wheel
alone can fall over.
Place the motorcycle on the center stand or an auxiliary stand
before lifting it with the BMW
Motorrad front wheel stand.
Mounting front wheel
stand
Place motorcycle on an auxiliary stand; BMW Motorrad rec-
ommends BMW Motorrad rear
wheel stand.
Installing rear-wheel stand
( 115)
With OA Center stand:
Make sure ground is level and
firm and place motorcycle on
its center stand.
Loosen adjusting screws 1.
Push two mounts 2 far enough
apart that front forks fit between them.
Use locating pins 3 to set front
wheel stand to desired height.
Align two mounts 2 so that
front forks rest securely on
them.
Tighten adjusting screws 1.
Use
If the motorcycle is resting
on the center stand: The
motorcycle is raised too far at the
front, the center stand lifts off the
ground and the motorcycle can
tip over to the side.
When raising the motorcycle,
make sure that the center stand
remains on the ground.
In order to be able to work safely on motorcycles without center
stands, BMW Motorrad offers a
rear wheel stand. You can obtain the rear-wheel stand from
your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Installing rear-wheel
stand
8
115
Maintenance
Rear-wheel stand
Center front wheel stand relative to front wheel and push it
against front axle.
z
Apply uniform pressure to push
front wheel stand down and
raise motorcycle.
Set the desired height of the
rear wheel stand using the
bolts 1.
8
Maintenance
116
z
brightness to double as a rear
light. Even though you have this
substitute rear light, the indicators in the display tell you that a
bulb defect has occurred.
Remove the lock washer 2; to
do so, press the unlock button 3.
Push the rear-wheel stand from
the right onto the rear axle.
Mount lock washer 2 from left
by pressing release button.
Place your left hand on the
motorcycle and your right
hand on the lever 4 of the rear
wheel stand.
Raise motorcycle while simultaneously pressing lever downward until motorcycle stands
vertically.
Press lever onto ground.
Lamps
General instructions
A warning appears in the multifunction display if a bulb is defective. If the brake or rear light
fails, the symbol is accompanied
by the 'General' warning light,
which lights up yellow. If the rear
light fails the second filament of
the brake light shines at reduced
A defective bulb places
your safety at risk because
it is easier for other users to
oversee the motorcycle.
Replace defective bulbs as
soon as possible; always carry a
complete set of spare bulbs if
possible.
The bulb is pressurized and
can cause injury if damaged.
Wear eye and hand protection
when replacing bulbs.
An overview of the bulb
types installed in your motorcycle is provided in the chapter "Technical Data".
The following description
for the lower light also applies to the upper light.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
To achieve better accessibility, turn the handlebars to
the left.
117
Disconnect plug 3.
Replacing low-beam and
high-beam bulbs
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
8
Maintenance
Do not touch the glass of
new bulbs with your fingers. For installation, use a clean,
dry cloth. Dirt deposits, in particular oil and grease, interfere
with heat radiation from the bulb.
Overheating and therefore short
service life of the bulbs are the
consequence.
z
Remove cover 1 by pulling on
lower lever 2 (upper headlight:
lever points toward right).
Remove spring strap 4 from
detents and fold to side.
8
Maintenance
118
z
Remove bulb 5.
Replace defective bulb.
Bulb for low-beam and
high-beam headlight
Install bulb 5. When doing so,
make sure that lug 6 is pointing up and that bulb is securely
seated.
Close connector 3.
H4 / 12 V / 55 W / 60 W
Install spring straps 4 in locks.
Mount cover 1 at top and
press on firmly.
Check that bulb is corrected
seated (by looking in through
headlight lens).
8
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
119
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
Remove bulb 2 from bulb holder.
Replacing defective bulb
Insert bulb 2 into bulb socket.
Bulb for parking light
z
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Pull bulb socket 1 out of lower
headlight housing.
Maintenance
Replacing parking light
bulb
Mount bulb socket 1 in lower
headlight housing.
Replacing brake light and
tail light bulbs
120
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
Maintenance
8
Switch off ignition.
Removing passenger seat
( 67)
Remove bulb 4 from bulb holder.
Installing passenger seat
( 68)
Replace defective bulb.
Bulb for taillight/brake
light
P21/5W / 12 V / 5 W / 21 W
Pull off bulb housing 2 toward
rear.
z
Remove screws 1 on left and
right.
Turn bulb holder 3 counterclockwise to remove it from
bulb housing.
Insert bulb 4 into socket.
Install bulb socket 3 in lamp
housing by turning clockwise.
8
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
121
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
Pull off turn indicator glass to
side.
Maintenance
Install lamp housing 2.
Replacing front turn
indicator bulb
z
Install screws 1 on left and
right.
Remove screw 1.
Remove bulb holder 2 from
lamp housing by turning it
counterclockwise.
8
122
Replacing rear turn
indicator bulb
Remove bulb 3 from bulb holder.
Replace defective bulb.
If it is not standing firmly,
the motorcycle could topple
in the course of the operations
described below.
Make sure that the motorcycle is
steady on its stand.
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, front
Maintenance
PY21W / 12 V / 21 W
Insert turn indicator glass in
fairing.
Make sure ground is level and
firm and park motorcycle.
Switch off ignition.
z
Insert bulb 3 into bulb socket.
Install bulb socket 2 in lamp
housing by turning clockwise.
Install screw 1.
Remove screw 1.
8
Bulbs for flashing turn
indicators, rear
Remove turn indicator glass 2.
Place turn indicator glass 2 on
turn indicator housing.
Maintenance
123
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
z
Insert bulb 3 into socket.
Press bulb 3 into its socket
and turn it counterclockwise to
remove.
Replace defective bulb.
Install screw 1.
8
Maintenance
124
z
Jump-starting
The wires leading to the
power socket do not have
a load-capacity rating adequate
for jump-starting the engine. Excessively high current can lead
to a cable fire or damage to the
motorcycle electronics.
Do not use the onboard socket
to jump-start the engine of the
motorcycle.
Touching live parts of the
ignition system with the
engine running can cause electric
shock.
Do not touch parts of the ignition system when the engine is
running.
A short-circuit can result
if the crocodile clips of
the jump leads are accidentally brought into contact with the
motorcycle.
Use only jump leads fitted with
fully insulated crocodile clips at
both ends.
Jump-starting with a donorbattery voltage higher than
12 V can damage the motorcycle
electronics.
The battery of the donor vehicle
must have a voltage of 12 V.
Switch off ignition.
Removing driver's seat ( 67)
Remove seat bearing rod.
When jump-starting the engine,
do not disconnect the battery
from the onboard electrical system.
Remove protective cap from
positive battery terminal.
Run engine of donor vehicle
during jump-starting.
Begin by connecting one end
of red jump lead to positive terminal of discharged battery and
other end to positive terminal
of donor battery.
Then connect one end of black
jumper lead to negative terminal of donor battery, and other
end to negative terminal of discharged battery.
Start engine of vehicle with discharged battery in usual way;
if engine does not start, wait
a few minutes before repeating attempt in order to protect
starter motor and donor battery.
Allow both engines to idle for a
few minutes before disconnecting jump leads.
Disconnect jumper lead from
negative terminal first, then
from positive terminal.
To start the engine, do not
use start sprays or similar
items.
Install seat bearing rod.
Installing driver's seat (
68)
Maintenance instructions
Correct upkeep, recharging and
storage will prolong the life of
the battery and are essential if
warranty claims are to be considered.
Compliance with the points below is important in order to maximize battery life:
Keep the surface of the battery
clean and dry
Do not open the battery
Do not top up with water
Be sure to read and comply
with the instructions for charging the battery on the following
pages
Do not turn the battery upside
down
If the battery is not disconnected, the onboard electronics (clock etc.) will drain the
battery. This can cause the battery to run flat. If this happens,
warranty claims will not be accepted.
During periods when the motorcycle is not being used, of more
than four weeks, disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle or
connect a trickle charger to the
battery.
BMW Motorrad has developed a trickle-charger specially designed for compatibility
with the electronics of your motorcycle. Using this charger, you
can keep the battery charged
during long periods when the
motorcycle is not being used
without having to disconnect the
battery from the motorcycle's
onboard systems. Additional information is available at your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Charging connected
battery
8
Charging the connected
battery directly at the battery terminals can damage the
motorcycle electronics.
To charge the battery via the
battery terminals, disconnect the
battery first.
125
Charging the battery via
the onboard socket is only
possible with suitable chargers.
Unsuitable chargers can result in
damage to the motorcycle electronics.
Use BMW chargers with the
part numbers 71 60 7 688 864
(220 V) or, as applicable,
71 60 7 688 865 (110 V). If in
doubt, charge the disconnected
battery directly at the terminals.
If you switch on the ignition and the multifunction
display and indicator lights fail to
light up, the battery is complete-
Maintenance
Battery
z
8
Maintenance
126
z
ly flat. Attempting to charge a
completely flat battery via the onboard socket can cause damage
to the motorcycle's electronics.
Always charge a completely
drained battery directly at the
terminals of the disconnected
battery.
Charge disconnected battery
via onboard socket.
Comply with operating instructions of charger.
The motorcycle's onboard
electronics know when the
battery is fully charged. The
onboard socket is switched off
when this happens.
Once the battery is fully
charged, disconnect the
charger's terminal clips from
the battery terminals.
In the case of longer periods when the motorcycle is
not being used, the battery must
be recharged regularly. See the
instructions for caring for your
battery. Always fully recharge
the battery before returning it to
use.
Remove seat bearing rod 1.
Removing battery
Switch off ignition.
Removing driver's seat (
67)
Charging disconnected
battery
Charge battery using a suitable
charger.
Comply with operating instructions of charger.
An incorrect disconnection
sequence increase the risk
of short-circuiting.
Always observe the proper
sequence.
Always observe the proper sequence.
Never install the battery without
the protective cap.
Install positive cable.
Push on protective cap 3.
Install negative cable 2.
Push battery retaining strap
over battery and install
screw 4.
Remove screw 4 and take off
battery retaining strap.
Lift battery upwards; if it is difficult to move, moving it back
and forth will help.
Installing battery
Switch off ignition.
Insert battery into battery compartment with positive terminal
on left in direction of travel.
An incorrect installation sequence increases the risk
of short-circuiting.
If the motorcycle was disconnected from the battery for a longer time, the current
date must be entered in the instrument cluster to ensure the
proper operation of the service
display.
Consult a certified workshop,
preferably an authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer, for setting of
the date.
8
127
Maintenance
Remove negative cable 2 first.
Then pull off protective cap 3
and remove positive cable.
z
8
Maintenance
128
z
Install seat bearing rod 1.
Installing driver's seat ( 68)
Setting clock ( 46)
Care
Care
Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Washing your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . 130
9
129
Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Protective wax coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Storing motorcycle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Returning motorcycle to use . . . . . . . 132
Care
Cleaning sensitive motorcycle
parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
z
9
Care
130
z
Care products
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use cleaning and care
products available at your authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
BMW Care Products have been
materials tested, laboratory tested, and field tested and provide
optimum care and protection for
the materials used in your motorcycle.
The use of unsuitable
cleaning and care products
can damage motorcycle
components.
For cleaning, do not use any solvents such as nitro-thinners, cold
cleaning agents, fuel or similar,
and do not use cleaning agents
that contain alcohol.
Washing your
motorcycle
Brake early until the brakes are
dry or braked until dry.
BMW Motorrad recommends
that you use BMW Insect Remover to soften and wash off
insects and stubborn dirt from
painted parts before washing the
motorcycle.
To prevent stains, do not wash
the motorcycle immediately after
it has been exposed to bright
sunlight and do not wash it in the
sun.
Make sure that the motorcycle
is washed frequently, especially
during the winter months.
To remove road salt, clean the
motorcycle with cold water immediately after every trip.
Warm water intensifies the
effect of salt.
Only use cold water to remove
road salt.
After washing the motorcycle, after driving through
water or in the rain, braking can
be delayed due to damp brake
disks and brake pads.
The high pressure of steam
cleaners can damage seals,
the hydraulic brake system, the
electrical system and the seat.
Do not use a steam jet or highpressure cleaning equipment.
Cleaning sensitive
motorcycle parts
Plastics
Clean plastic parts with water
and BMW plastic care emulsion.
This includes in particular:
Windshields and wind deflectors
Headlight lens made of plastic
Covering glass of the instrument cluster
If plastic parts are cleaned
using unsuitable cleaning
agents, the surfaces can be damaged.
Do not use cleaning agents that
contain alcohol, solvents or abrasives to clean plastic parts.
'Fly sponges' or sponges with
hard surfaces can also lead to
scratches.
Soften stubborn dirt and
dead insects by covering
the affected areas with a wet
cloth.
Windshield
Clean off dirt and insects with a
soft sponge and plenty of water.
Fuel and chemical solvents
attack the windshield material; the windshield becomes
cloudy or dull.
Do not use cleaning agents.
Chrome
Especially in the case of road
salt, carefully clean chrome parts
with plenty of water and BMW
auto shampoo. Use chrome polish for additional treatment.
Radiator
Clean the radiator regularly to
prevent overheating of the engine due to inadequate cooling.
For example, use a garden hose
with low water pressure.
Cooling fins can be bent
easily.
When cleaning the radiator, ensure that the fins are not bent.
Rubber
Treat rubber components with
water or BMW rubber protection
coating agent.
Using silicone sprays for
the care of rubber seals can
cause damage.
Do not use silicon sprays or other care products that contain
silicon.
9
131
Paint care
Washing the motorcycle regularly
will help counteract the long-term
effects of substances that damage the paint, especially if your
motorcycle is ridden in areas
with high air pollution or natural
sources of dirt, e.g. tree resin or
pollen.
However, remove particularly aggressive materials immediately;
otherwise changes in the paint or
discoloration can occur. These
include spilled fuel, oil, grease,
brake fluid as well as bird droppings. BMW Car Polish or BMW
Paint Cleaner are recommended
for this.
Contamination of the paint finish
is particularly easy to see after
the motorcycle has been washed.
Remove this type of soiling with
Care
Black, unpainted parts
z
9
Care
132
z
cleaning naphtha or spirit on a
clean cloth or cotton ball. BMW
Motorrad recommends removing tar spots with BMW Tar Remover. Then add a protective
wax coating to the paint at these
locations.
Protective wax coating
To preserve the finish of your
motorcycle, BMW Motorrad recommends using BMW Car Wax
or agents that contain carnauba
or synthetic waxes.
A sure sign that the paint must
be protected, is the fact that water no longer pearls up on it.
Storing motorcycle
Clean motorcycle.
Remove battery.
Spray brake and clutch lever,
side stand pivot and, if necessary, main stand pivot with a
suitable lubricant.
Coat bare metal and chromeplated parts with an acid-free
grease (e.g. Vaseline).
Park motorcycle in a dry room
so that both wheels are unloaded.
Before putting the motorcycle into storage, have
the engine oil and the oil filter
element changed by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorized BMW Motorrad retailer.
Combine work for storing/returning to use with maintenance service or an inspection.
Returning motorcycle
to use
Remove the protective wax
coating.
Clean the motorcycle.
Install a charged battery.
Before starting: Observe
checklist.
Technical data
Technical data
Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Riding specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
10
133
Fuel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Wheels and tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Electrical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Technical data
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
z
10
Technical data
134
z
Troubleshooting chart
Engine does not start at all or is very difficult to start
Troubleshooting chart
Possible cause
Remedy
Emergency ON/OFF switch activated
Emergency ON/OFF switch in operating position
Side stand extended and gear engaged
Retract the side stand. (
Gear engaged and clutch not operated
Select neutral or pull clutch lever (
Clutch pulled when ignition was OFF
Switch on the ignition, then pull the clutch lever
No fuel in tank
Refueling (
Battery not adequately charged
Charging connected battery (
74)
80)
125)
74)
Threaded fasteners
Value
Valid
135
Brake caliper on slider tube
M8 x 32 - 10.9
22 lb/ft (30 Nm)
Clamping screw for quick-release axle
M8 x 35
14 lb/ft (19 Nm)
Quick-release axle in axle mount
M24 x 1.5
37 lb/ft (50 Nm)
Rear wheel
Value
Tighten diagonally
44 lb/ft (60 Nm)
Muffler on footrest system
M8 x 35
14 lb/ft (19 Nm)
Clamp on muffler and manifold
M8
Valid
z
Rear wheel on wheel carrier
M10 x 40 x 1.25
10
Technical data
Front wheel
41 lb/ft (55 Nm)
10
136
Mirror arm
Value
Valid
Mirror on clamping piece
M10
18 lb/ft (25 Nm)
Technical data
Clamping piece on clamping
block
z
7 lb/ft (10 Nm)
Handlebars
Value
Handlebar stub on slider tube
M8 x 25
14 lb/ft (19 Nm)
Valid
Engine
10
Engine design
four-stroke opposed twin, air-cooled with oilcooled exhaust ports, installed longitudinally,
two overhead camshafts, electronic engine
management
137
Displacement
1170 cc (1170 cm3)
Cylinder bore
4 in (101 mm)
Piston stroke
2.9 in (73 mm)
Compression ratio
12.0:1
Rated output
110 hp (81 kW), At: 7500 min-1
Technical data
Engine
With OE Power reduction:
101 hp (74 kW), At: 7500 min-1
Torque
85 lb/ft (115 Nm), At: 6000 min-1
Maximum engine speed
Max 8000 min-1
Idle speed
1150±50 min-1
z
10
Technical data
138
z
Fuel
Fuel
Recommended fuel quality
98 ROZ/RON, Super Plus unleaded
95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded (fuel type can be
used with reduced performance and consumption)
Usable fuel quantity
5.5 gal (21 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
~1.1 gal (~4 l)
Engine oil
Engine oil
Engine oil, capacity
Max 1.1 gal (Max 4 l), with filter change
Lubricant
Engine oil 20W-50
Engine oil, quantity for topping up
Max 0.5 quarts (Max 0.5 l), Difference between
MIN and MAX
Oil consumption
2 quart/1000 miles (1 l/1000 km)
Oil grades
Engine oils of the API classification SF or better.
Engine oils of the ACEA classification A2 or better. BMW Motorrad recommends not using synthetic oils for the first 6,000 miles (10,000 km).
Ask your BMW Motorrad retailer for engine oils
suitable for your motorcycle.
SAE 5 W- ~30
-4...68 °F (-20...20 °C), Operation at low temperatures
SAE 10 W-40
14...86 °F (-10...30 °C), Operation at moderate
temperatures
SAE 15 W- ~40
~32 °F (~0 °C)
SAE 20 W- ~40
~32 °F (~0 °C)
SAE 5 W- ~50
~-4 °F (~-20 °C), High-quality and synthetic oil for
operation at all temperatures
SAE 10 W- ~50
~-4 °F (~-20 °C), High-quality and synthetic oil for
operation at all temperatures
10
139
Technical data
Permissible viscosity classes
z
10
140
Clutch
Clutch
Clutch design
Single-plate dry clutch
Transmission
Technical data
Transmission
z
Transmission design
Helical 6-speed transmission with integrated torsional vibration damper, claw shifting via sliding
sleeves
Transmission gear ratios
1.824
2.277
1.583
1.259
1.033
0.903
0.805
(31:17
(41:18
(38:24
(34:27
(31:30
(28:31
(29:36
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
teeth),
Primary gear ratio
1st gear
2nd gear
3rd gear
4th gear
5th gear
6th gear
Rear-wheel drive
10
Type of final drive
Shaft drive with bevel gears
Type of rear suspension
BMW EVO Paralever, single-arm light-alloy cast
swinging arm with two joints and torque support
Gear ratio of final drive
2.62:1
Running gear
Running gear
Type of front suspension
BMW Telelever, leading link mounted in engine
and on telescopic fork, centrally positioned spring
strut supported on leading link and main frame
Spring travel, front
4.3 in (110 mm), On wheel
Type of rear suspension
Central spring strut with single-tube gas-filled
shock absorber, steplessly adjustable reboundstage damping and hydraulically adjustable spring
preload
With OE Electronic Suspension Adjustment
(ESA):
Spring travel at rear wheel
Central spring strut with single-tube gas-filled
shock absorber, electric 3x adjustable reboundstage damping and electrohydraulic 3x adjustable
spring preload
5.5 in (140 mm)
141
Technical data
Rear-wheel drive
z
10
Technical data
142
z
Brakes
Brakes
Type of front brake
hydraulically operated twin disk brake with 4-piston fixed calipers and floating brake disks
Brake-pad material, front
Sintered metal
Type of rear brake
Hydraulic disk brake with 2-piston floating caliper
and fixed brake disk
Brake-pad material, rear
Organic
Wheels and tires
Wheels and tires
Tire combinations recommended at time of going
to press (As at: 24.04.2007)
front: Bridgestone Battlax BT020F CC Radial SE,
120/55 ZR17 M/C (58W)
rear: Bridgestone Battlax BT020R AARadial SE,
180/55 ZR17 M/C (73W)
front: Continental Conti Road Attack Z, 120/
55 ZR17 M/C (58W)
rear: Continental Conti Road Attack C, 180/
55 ZR17 M/C (73W)
front: Continental Conti Road Attack C, 120/
55 ZR17 M/C (58W)
rear: Continental Conti Road Attack C, 180/
55 ZR17 M/C (73W)
front: Metzeler Roadtec Z6 Front, 120/
55 ZR17 M/C (58W)
rear: Metzeler Roadtec Z6 C, 180/55 ZR17 M/
C (73W)
front: Metzeler Sporttec M-1B, 120/55 ZR17 M/
C (58W)
rear: Metzeler Sporttec M-1B, 180/55 ZR17 M/
C (73W)
front: Michelin Pilot Road B F TL, 120/
70 ZR17 M/C (58W)
rear: Michelin, Pilot Road K TL, 180/55 ZR17 M/
C (73W)
Front wheel
Front wheel design
Cast wheel with 5 double spokes, MT H2
Front-wheel rim size
3.50" x 17"
Front tire designation
120/70 ZR17
10
143
Technical data
front: Dunlop D220F ST P, 120/55 ZR17 M/
C (58W)
rear: Dunlop D220 ST P, 180/55 ZR17 M/
C (73W)
z
10
144
Rear wheel
Rear wheel design
Cast wheel with 5 double spokes, MT H2
Rear-wheel rim size
5.50" x 17"
Rear tire designation
180/55 ZR17
Technical data
Tire inflation pressures
z
Tire pressure, front
31.9 psi (2.2 bar), Single rider, with cold tire
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Driver with passenger and/or
load, with cold tire
Tire pressure, rear
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Single rider, with cold tire
42.1 psi (2.9 bar), Driver with passenger and/or
load, with cold tire
Electrical system
10
Electrical system
With OA Additional onboard socket:
Fuses
5 A, Per onboard socket
145
5 A, all onboard sockets together
All circuits are electronically protected, so plugin fuses are no longer necessary. If an electronic
fuse trips and de-energizes a circuit, the circuit is
active as soon as the ignition is switched on after
the fault has been rectified.
Battery
Battery design
AGM (Absorptive Glass Matt) battery
Battery voltage
12 V
Battery capacity
14 Ah
Technical data
Electrical rating of onboard socket
z
10
Technical data
146
z
Spark plugs
Spark plugs, manufacturer and designation
Bosch YR5LDE
NGK DCPR 8 EKC
Electrode gap of spark plug
0.03±0.01 in (0.8±0.1 mm), New
Max 0.04 in (Max 1 mm), Wear limit
Secondary spark plugs, manufacturer and designation
Bosch YR5LDE
NGK DCPR 8 EKC
Electrode gap of secondary spark plug
0.03±0.01 in (0.8±0.1 mm), New
Max 0.04 in (Max 1 mm), Wear limit
Bulbs
Bulb for low-beam and high-beam headlight
H4 / 12 V / 55 W / 60 W
Bulb for parking light
W5W / 12 V / 5 W
Bulb for taillight/brake light
P21/5W / 12 V / 5 W / 21 W
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, front
PY21W / 12 V / 21 W
Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, rear
RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
Frame
10
Frame design
Steel-tube front frame with steel-tube rear frame
and carrying drive unit
Location of type plate
Rear frame in center under passenger seat
Location of vehicle identification number
Front frame, upper center
Dimensions
Dimensions
Motorcycle length
85.2 in (2165 mm)
Motorcycle height
48 in (1220 mm), In DIN normal-load position;
without mirrors, windshield down
Motorcycle width
29.5 in (750 mm), Handlebar width without mirrors
Driver's seat height
31.9...32.7 in (810...830 mm), at unladen weight
With OE Low driver's seat:
30.7...31.5 in (780...800 mm)
147
Technical data
Frame
z
10
Technical data
148
z
Weights
Weights
Unladen weight
505 lbs (229 kg), DIN unladen weight, ready for
road, 90 % full tank of gas, without OE
Permissible gross weight
1014 lbs (460 kg)
Maximum payload
509 lbs (231 kg)
Riding specifications
Riding specifications
Top speed
>124 mph (>200 km/h)
Service
Service
Reporting safety defects . . . . . . . . . . . 150
BMW Motorrad Service . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
11
149
BMW Motorrad Service Card - Onthe-spot breakdown assistance . . . . 151
BMW Motorrad Service
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Confirmation of maintenance
work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Confirmation of service . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Service
BMW Motorrad Service Quality . . . . 151
z
11
Service
150
z
Reporting safety defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause
injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying BMW of North America, LLC.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a
safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign.
However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your
dealer, or BMW of North America, LCC.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-888-3274236 (TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to http://www.safercar.gov; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590. You can also obtain
other information about motor vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov.
Advanced technology requires
specially adapted methods of
maintenance and repair.
If this maintenance and repair work is performed inexpertly, there is a danger of damage and associated safety risks.
BMW Motorrad recommends
having corresponding work on
your motorcycle carried out by a
specialized workshop, preferably
by an authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer.
You can obtain information on
the contents of the BMW Services from your BMW Motorrad
retailer.
Have all maintenance and repair
work carried out confirmed in the
"Service" chapter in this manual.
Your authorized BMW Motorrad
retailer is supplied with all the
latest technical information and
therefore possesses the neces-
sary technical know-how. BMW
Motorrad recommends that you
refer any questions about your
motorcycle to your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer.
BMW Motorrad Service
Quality
BMW Motorrad means not only
quality workmanship and high
reliability, but also an outstanding
quality of service.
To ensure that your BMW is always in optimum condition, BMW
Motorrad recommends that you
adhere to the regular maintenance schedule for your motorcycle, preferably having the work
done by your authorized BMW
Motorrad retailer. For generous
treatment of claims submitted
after the warranty period has expired, evidence of regular maintenance is essential.
Certain signs of wear, moreover,
may otherwise not be noticed
until it is too late to correct them
at moderate cost. The workshop
personnel at BMW Motorrad retailers have thorough knowledge
of your motorcycle and can take
action before minor problems can
turn into major trouble. By having
the necessary repairs done properly and in good time, you save
time and money in the long run.
BMW Motorrad Service
Card - On-the-spot
breakdown assistance
With all new BMW motorcycles, the BMW Motorrad Service
Card protects you in the event
of a breakdown with an extensive range of services such as
breakdown assistance, motorcycle transportation etc. (differing
regulations are possible in individual countries). In the case of a
breakdown, you contact the Mobile Service of BMW Motorrad.
Here you will find our specialists
11
151
Service
BMW Motorrad Service
z
11
Service
152
z
ready to help with both advice
and action.
Important country-specific contact addresses and the relevant
after-sales service organization
phone numbers as well as information on Mobile Service and
the retail network can be found
in the "Service Kontakt/Service
Contact" brochures.
BMW Motorrad Service
Network
With its worldwide service network, BMW Motorrad can attend
to you and your motorcycle in
over 100 countries around the
globe. In Germany alone, there
are approximately 200 authorized
BMW Motorrad retailers ready to
assist you.
All information concerning the international dealership network
can be found in the brochure
"Service Contact Europe" or
"Service Contact Africa, America, Asia, Australia, Oceania".
Maintenance work
BMW Pre-Delivery Check
The BMW pre-delivery check is
carried out by your authorized
BMW Motorrad retailer before it
turns over the motorcycle to you.
BMW Running-in Check
The BMW running-in check has
to be performed when the motorcycle has covered between
300 miles (500 km) and 750
miles (1,200 km).
BMW Service
BMW Service is carried out once
a year. The scope of the services performed may be dependent on the vehicle owner and
the mileage driven. Your BMW
Motorrad retailer confirms that
the service has been performed
and enters the date for the next
service.
For drivers who drive long distances annually, it may be necessary to come in for service before
the entered date. In this case a
corresponding maximum odometer reading will also be entered in
the confirmation of service. If this
odometer reading is reached before the next service date, service
must be performed sooner.
The service display in the multifunction display reminds you of
the next service date approx. one
month or 600 miles (1,000 km)
before the entered values.
BMW Pre-Delivery
Check
BMW Running-in
Check
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
11
153
Service
Confirmation of maintenance work
z
11
Service
154
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
11
155
Service
BMW Service
z
11
Service
156
z
BMW Service
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
BMW Service
BMW Service
Conducted
Conducted
Conducted
on
on
on
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
Next service
at the latest
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
on
or, if reached sooner,
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Odometer reading
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
Stamp, Signature
11
157
Service
BMW Service
z
11
158
Confirmation of service
The table is intended as proof of maintenance, warranty and repair work, the installed optional accessories and any special campaign (recall) work carried out.
Service
Work carried out
z
Odometer
reading
Date
Odometer
reading
Date
11
159
Service
Work carried out
z
12
Index
160
z
A
Abbreviations and symbols, 6
ABS
Self-diagnosis, 75
Warning indicator, 33
Accessories
General instructions, 90
Anti-theft alarm, 18
Warning indicator, 40
ASC
Self-diagnosis, 76
Switching off, 58
Switching on, 58
Warning indicator, 35
BMW Motorrad Service, 151
BMW Motorrad Service
Card, 151
Brake fluid
Checking front level, 13, 103
Checking rear level, 13, 104
Brake pads
Check front, 101
Checking rear, 102
Running in, 77
Brakes
Adjusting handbrake lever, 60
Checking operation, 101
Technical data, 142
B
Battery, 15
Charging connected
battery, 125
Charging disconnected
battery, 126
Installing, 127
Maintenance instructions, 125
Removing, 126
Warning for battery charge
current, 27
C
Case
Closing, 92
Mounting, 93
Opening, 92
Removing, 93
Center stand
Placing on center stand, 80
Push off center stand, 80
Checklist, 73
Clock
Adjusting, 18, 46
Clutch
Adjusting clutch lever, 60
Check level, 11, 105
Checking operation, 105
Technical data, 140
Commissioning, 132
Confirmation of maintenance
work, 153
Currentness of this manual, 7
D
Damping
Adjusting, 11, 62
E
Electrical system
Technical data, 145
Emergency ON/OFF switch, 17,
57
Engine
Technical data, 137
Warning for engine
electronics, 26
F
Frame
Technical data, 147
Front wheel stand, 114
Fuel
Quantity indicator, 22
Refueling, 80
Warning for fuel down to
reserve, 26
Fuses, 145
G
Gear indicator, 22
H
Handlebar fittings
General view, left, 16
General view, right, 17
Handlebars
Adjusting handlebar height, 11
Hazard warning flashers, 16
Switching off, 56
Switching on, 56
Headlight
Adjusting for RHD/LHD
traffic, 66
Headlight range, 11, 66
High-beam headlight, 19
Low-beam headlight, 19
Parking lights, 19
Headlight flasher, 16
Heated hand grips, 17, 57
Helmet holder, 15, 69
High-beam headlight, 16
Horn, 16
I
Ignition
Switching off, 44
Switching on, 44
Immobilizer, 45
Warning indicator, 26
Indicator lights, 18
Instrument cluster
Overview, 18
Sensor for instrument cluster
lighting, 18
J
Jump-starting, 124
K
Keys, 44, 46
L
Lamps
General instructions, 116
Replacing brake light and tail
light bulbs, 120
Replacing front turn indicator
bulb, 121
12
161
Index
Engine oil
Check level, 11, 99
Temperature display, 22
Topping up, 11, 100
Warning for engine oil level, 30
Warning for engine oil
pressure, 26
Equipment, 7
ESA, 16, 63
EWS, 45
Warning indicator, 26
z
12
Index
162
z
Replacing low-beam and highbeam bulbs, 117
Replacing parking-light
bulb, 119
Replacing rear turn indicator
bulb, 122
Technical data, 146
Warning for bulb failure, 27, 28
Lights
Headlight flasher, 54
High-beam headlight, 54
Low-beam headlight, 54
Parking light, 54
Parking lights, 54
Luggage
Correct loading, 91
M
Maintenance
General instructions, 98
Mirrors
Adjusting, 61
Motorcycle
General view of left side, 11
General view of right side, 13
Returning to use, 132
Storing, 132
Multifunction display
Overview, 22
O
Odometer and tripmeters
Resetting, 48
Selecting readings, 47
Onboard computer
Ambient temperature, 50
Average consumption, 51
Average speed, 51
Oil level indicator, 52
Range, 52
Selecting readings, 50
Onboard socket, 11
Overview of warning
indicators, 25, 29, 32, 34, 37,
41
P
Pre-ride check, 75
R
Rear-wheel drive
Technical data, 141
Rear-wheel stand, 115
Refueling, 80
Reserve
Warning indicator, 26
Residual range, 49
Running gear
Technical data, 141
S
Seat
Adjusting seat height, 59
Installing driver's seat, 68
Installing passenger seat, 68
Lock, 13
Removing driver's seat, 67
Removing passenger seat, 67
Service, 151
Shown in display, 22
Service Card, 151
T
Tachometer, 18
Technical data
Brakes, 142
Bulbs, 146
Clutch, 140
Electrical system, 145
Engine, 137
Frame, 147
Rear-wheel drive, 141
Running gear, 141
Spark plugs, 146
Standards, 7
Transmission, 140
Wheels and tires, 142
Tire Pressure Control TPC
Status indicators, 53
Sticker on wheel rim, 107
Warning indicator, 35, 38, 39
Tires
Air pressure table, 15
Checking inflation pressure, 65
Recommended tires, 107
Running in, 77
Technical data, 142
Toolkit
Service set, 98
Standard equipment, 98
Topcase
Closing, 94
Mounting, 95
Opening, 94
Removing, 95
Torques, 135
Transmission
For starting, 74
Technical data, 140
Troubleshooting chart, 134
Turn indicators
Left, 16, 55
Right, 17, 55
Switching off, 17, 55
Type plate, 15
V
Vehicle Identification Number, 13
W
Warning indicators
Display, 24
Warning lamps, 18
Wheels
Installing front wheel, 109
Installing rear wheel, 112
Removing front wheel, 108
Removing rear wheel, 111
Technical data, 142
Windshield
Adjusting, 11, 59
12
163
Index
Side stand
For starting, 74
Placing on side stand, 79
Remove from side stand, 79
Spark plugs
Technical data, 146
Speedometer, 18
Spring preload
Adjusting, 11, 61
Starter, 17
Steering lock
Locking, 45
Storing, 132
z
Details described or illustrated
in this booklet may differ from
the motorcycle's actual specification as purchased, the accessories fitted or the national-market specification. No claims will
be entertained as a result of such
discrepancies.
Dimensions, weights, fuel consumption and performance data
are quoted to the customary tolerances.
The right to modify designs,
equipment and accessories is
reserved.
Errors and omissions excepted.
© 2007 BMW Motorrad
Not to be reproduced either
wholly or in part without written
permission from BMW Motorrad,
After Sales.
Printed in Germany.
Important data for refueling
Fuel
Recommended fuel quality
98 ROZ/RON, Super Plus unleaded
95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded
(fuel type can be used with reduced performance and consumption)
Usable fuel quantity
5.5 gal (21 l)
Reserve fuel quantity
L1.1 gal (L4 l)
Tire inflation pressures
Tire pressure, front
31.9 psi (2.2 bar), Single rider,
with cold tire
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Driver with passenger and/or load, with cold tire
Tire pressure, rear
36.3 psi (2.5 bar), Single rider,
with cold tire
42.1 psi (2.9 bar), Driver with passenger and/or load, with cold tire
BMW recommends
Order No.: 01 47 7 712 067
07.2007, 4th Edition
*01477712067*
*01477712067*
*01477712067*
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