User Manual
Release Date: 02/18/2015
SBE 52-MP Moored Profiler
CTD & (optional) DO Sensor
Conductivity, Temperature, and Pressure (optional Dissolved
Oxygen) Recorder with Logic Level or RS-232 Interface
Shown with optional Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
Manual version
Firmware version
• 011
• 2.5 & later
Limited Liability Statement
Extreme care should be exercised when using or servicing this equipment. It should be used or serviced
only by personnel with knowledge of and training in the use and maintenance of oceanographic
electronic equipment.
SEA-BIRD ELECTRONICS, INC. disclaims all product liability risks arising from the use or servicing
of this system. SEA-BIRD ELECTRONICS, INC. has no way of controlling the use of this equipment
or of choosing the personnel to operate it, and therefore cannot take steps to comply with laws
pertaining to product liability, including laws which impose a duty to warn the user of any dangers
involved in operating this equipment. Therefore, acceptance of this system by the customer shall be
conclusively deemed to include a covenant by the customer to defend, indemnify, and hold SEA-BIRD
ELECTRONICS, INC. harmless from all product liability claims arising from the use or servicing of
this system.
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Declaration of Conformity
Declaration of Conformity
3
SBE 52-MP
Manual revision 011
Table of Contents
SBE 52-MP
Table of Contents
Limited Liability Statement ................................................................ 2
Declaration of Conformity .................................................................. 3
Table of Contents ................................................................................. 4
Section 1: Introduction ........................................................................ 6
About this Manual .............................................................................................6
Quick Start .........................................................................................................6
Unpacking SBE 52-MP......................................................................................7
Section 2: Description of SBE 52-MP................................................. 8
System Description ............................................................................................8
Specifications ...................................................................................................10
Dimensions and Connectors ............................................................................11
Cables and Wiring ...........................................................................................12
Data I/O ...........................................................................................................13
Switching from RS-232 to Logic Level, or Reverse .................................13
Section 3: Power and Communications Test ................................... 14
Software Installation ........................................................................................14
Test Setup ........................................................................................................14
Test ..................................................................................................................15
Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP............................ 19
Sampling Modes ..............................................................................................19
Autonomous Sampling .............................................................................20
Polled Sampling ........................................................................................21
Command Descriptions ....................................................................................22
Data Formats ....................................................................................................37
Data Uploaded from Memory ...................................................................37
Real-Time Data .........................................................................................38
Optimizing Data Quality ..................................................................................40
SBE 52-MP Orientation ............................................................................40
Positioning Relative to Other Instruments ................................................42
Deployment/Recovery Technique and Pump Operation...........................43
Processing Data ........................................................................................43
Deployment ......................................................................................................44
Recovery ..........................................................................................................45
Section 5: Routine Maintenance and Calibration ........................... 46
Corrosion Precautions ......................................................................................46
Connector Mating and Maintenance ................................................................46
Conductivity Cell Maintenance .......................................................................47
Pressure Sensor Maintenance...........................................................................47
Oxygen Sensor Maintenance ...........................................................................47
Replacing Optional Anti-Foulant Devices – Mechanical Design Change .......48
Replacing Optional Anti-Foulant Devices (SBE 49) .......................................49
O-Ring Maintenance ........................................................................................50
Sensor Calibration............................................................................................51
Section 6: Troubleshooting................................................................ 53
Problem 1: Unable to Communicate with SBE 52-MP in Seaterm
(terminal program) ...........................................................................................53
Problem 2: Unreasonable Data ........................................................................53
Problem 3: Salinity Lower than Expected .......................................................53
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Table of Contents
SBE 52-MP
Glossary .............................................................................................. 54
Appendix I: Functional Description and Circuitry........................ 55
Sensors .............................................................................................................55
Sensor Interface ...............................................................................................55
Appendix II: Electronics Disassembly/Reassembly ....................... 56
Appendix III: Command Summary ................................................. 57
Appendix IV: AF24173 Anti-Foulant Device .................................. 60
Appendix V: Replacement Parts ...................................................... 64
Appendix VI: Manual Revision History .......................................... 65
Index .................................................................................................... 67
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Section 1: Introduction
SBE 52-MP
Section 1: Introduction
This section includes contact information, Quick Start procedure, and photos
of a typical SBE 52-MP shipment.
About this Manual
This manual is to be used with the SBE 52-MP Moored Profiler CTD and
DO Sensor. It is organized to guide the user from installation through
operation and data collection. We’ve included detailed specifications,
command descriptions, maintenance and calibration information, and helpful
notes throughout the manual.
Sea-Bird welcomes suggestions for new features and enhancements of our
products and/or documentation. Please contact us with any comments or
suggestions (seabird@seabird.com or 425-643-9866). Our business hours are
Monday through Friday, 0800 to 1700 Pacific Standard Time (1600 to 0100
Universal Time) in winter and 0800 to 1700 Pacific Daylight Time (1500 to
0000 Universal Time) the rest of the year.
Quick Start
Follow these steps to get a Quick Start using the SBE 52-MP. The manual
provides step-by-step details for performing each task:
1.
Test power and communications (Section 3: Power and
Communications Test). Establish setup and sampling parameters.
2.
Deploy the 52-MP (Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP):
A. Install I/O cable connector and locking sleeve. Connect other end of
cable to moored profiler (controller and power supply).
B. Verify hardware and external fittings are secure.
C. Remove caps from end of T-C Duct and pump exhaust.
D. Deploy 52-MP.
E. Apply power.
• With 52-MP in water (to avoid running the pump dry), send
any character to wake up 52-MP. Then send StartProfile to
start sampling.
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Section 1: Introduction
SBE 52-MP
Unpacking SBE 52-MP
Shown below is a typical SBE 52-MP shipment.
SBE 52-MP with titanium housing, without Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
I/O cable
Jackscrew kit
Conductivity cell
cleaning solution
(Triton-X)
Software, and Electronic Copies of
Software Manuals and User Manual
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Conductivity cell filling
and storage kit
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Section 2: Description of SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Section 2: Description of SBE 52-MP
This section describes the functions and features of the SBE 52-MP Moored
Profiler CTD and Optional DO Sensor, including specifications, dimensions,
connectors, and communications.
System Description
SBE 52-MP with titanium housing,
no Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
The SBE 52-MP is a conductivity, temperature, depth (pressure) sensor
(CTD), designed for moored profiling application in which the instrument
makes vertical profile measurements from a device that travels vertically
beneath a buoy, or from a buoyant sub-surface sensor package that is winched
up and down from a bottom-mounted platform. The 52-MP incorporates
pump-controlled, TC-ducted flow to minimize salinity spiking. On typically
slow-moving packages (e.g., 20 – 50 cm/sec), its sampling rate of once per
second provides good spatial resolution of oceanographic structures and
gradients. The 52-MP is intended for use in marine or fresh-water
environments at depths to 600 or 7000 meters (1960 or 22,900 feet).
The 52-MP can be configured with a Dissolved Oxygen sensor module
(SBE 43F). The SBE 43F is a frequency-output version of our SBE 43
Dissolved Oxygen Sensor, and carries the same performance specifications.
Shown with SBE 43F
Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
The 52-MP uses the same accurate and stable thermistor, conductivity cell,
and pressure sensor that are used in the MicroCAT and Argo Float products. It
is easy-to-use, compact, and ruggedly made of titanium and other lowmaintenance (plastic) materials. The operating commands, sent via
0-3.3 volt logic levels or RS-232 interface, are easy to execute with a thirdparty data logger or your own acquisition system. EEPROM-stored calibration
coefficients permit data upload in ASCII engineering units (mmho/cm, °C,
decibars, ml/l). Alternatively, the user can select to upload data in hexadecimal
or binary.
The 52-MP is externally powered, and temporarily stores data in static RAM
memory. If/when power is removed, any data stored in memory is lost.
However, the user-programmable setup is stored in non-volatile RAM, and is
retained when power is removed.
SBE 52-MP has two sampling modes:
•
Autonomous sampling - On command, the 52-MP begins autonomous
sampling. The 52-MP runs continuously, sampling at one scan per second
(1 Hz). It stores the data in memory, and can also transmit the data in realtime. It can bin average the data, and store the bin averaged data in
memory in addition to the unaveraged data. On command (typically,
at the end of each profile), the data in memory is uploaded.
•
Polled sampling – On command, the SBE 52-MP takes one sample and
transmits the data in real-time.
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Section 2: Description of SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
The 52-MP’s integral pump runs while the instrument is sampling, providing
the following advantages over a non-pumped system:
•
Improved conductivity and oxygen response – The pump brings a new
water sample into the system at a constant flow rate, fixing the sensors’
time constants to ensure maximum dynamic accuracy, and flushes the
previously sampled water from the conductivity cell and oxygen sensor
plenum. For polled sampling, pump run time for best dissolved oxygen
accuracy is a function of temperature and pressure, and is automatically
determined by the 52-MP (55 seconds, maximum).
•
Reduced fouling – When not sampling, the U-shaped flow path and pump
impeller restrict flow, maintaining an effective concentration of antifoulant inside the conductivity cell to minimize fouling.
An SBE 52-MP is supplied with:
Note:
The 52-MP’s pump is not designed to
be used to pump water through
sensors other than the conductivity
cell and optional integrated dissolved
oxygen sensor. Other sensors on
your moored profiler requiring
pumped water need a separate
pump.
Notes:
• Help files provide detailed
information on the software.
• Sea-Bird supplies the current
version of our software when you
purchase an instrument. As software
revisions occur, we post the revised
software on our website. See our
website for the latest software
version number, a description of the
software changes, and instructions
for downloading the software.
•
Plastic housing for depths to 600 meters (1960 feet) or
titanium housing for depths to 7000 meters (22,900 feet)
•
Conductivity, temperature, and pressure (offered in eight full scale ranges
from 20 to 7000 decibars) sensors
•
Integrated T-C Duct and internal pump for flow-controlled conductivity,
temperature, and dissolved oxygen sensor response
•
Anti-foulant device fittings and expendable Anti-Foulant Devices
•
RS-232 or 0 – 3.3 volt logic level interface (factory configured)
•
XSG or Wet-pluggable MCBH 4-pin I/O bulkhead connector
•
IE-55 bulkhead connector for optional SBE 43F Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
•
3/8-16 locator/mounting hole in the sensor end cap, to assist in mounting
to a McLane MMP moored profiler
•
Optional SBE 43F Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
The 52-MP is supplied with a powerful Windows software package,
Seasoft V2, which includes Seaterm, a terminal program for instrument setup
and communication.
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Section 2: Description of SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Specifications
Temperature (°C)
Measurement
Range
-5 to +35
Initial Accuracy
± 0.002
Typical Stability
0.0002/month
Conductivity
Pressure
0 to 9 S/m
(0 to 90 mmho/cm)
0 to full
scale range:
20 / 100 / 350 / 600 /
1000/ 2000 / 3500 /
7000 meters
± 0.0003 S/m
(0.003 mmho/cm)
0.0003 S/m/month
(0.003 mmho/cm/month)
(expressed in meters of
deployment depth
capability)
± 0.1% of
full scale range
0.05% of
full scale range / year
Optional
Dissolved Oxygen
120% of surface
saturation in all natural
waters, fresh and salt
± 2% of saturation
0.5% per 1000 hours
(clean membrane)
0.00005 S/m
(0.0005 mmho/cm)
(oceanic waters; resolves
0.4 ppm in salinity)
Resolution
0.001
0.00007 S/m
(0.0007 mmho/cm)
(high salinity waters;
resolves 0.4 ppm
in salinity)
0.002% of
full scale range
0.035% of saturation
(corresponds to
0.003 ml/l at
0° C and 35 PSU)
Ambient pressure to
full scale range in
5 steps
1, 4, and 7 ml/l
(approximate) at
2, 6, 12, 20, 26, and
30 °C (18 points)
0.00001 S/m
(0.0001 mmho/cm)
(fresh waters; resolves 0.1
ppm in salinity)
Sensor Calibration
(measurement outside
these ranges may be at
slightly reduced accuracy
due to extrapolation
errors)
Sampling Speed
+1 to +32
zero conductivity (air)
plus 2.6 to 6 S/m
(26 to 60 mmho/cm)
1 Hz (1 sample/sec)
3 Watts at 7-16 VDC (consult factory for voltage outside this range)
Turn-on transient: 300 mA at 10V
Power
Requirements
Quiescent (sleep) state: 0.008 mA at 10V
Awake but not sampling: 5.2 mA at 10V
Memory
Housing Material,
Depth Rating,
& Weight
Sampling (includes pump): 62 mA at 10V
Static RAM; stores up to 28,000 samples of conductivity, temperature, pressure, and dissolved
oxygen data.
Note: If external power is removed, any data in memory is lost.
Plastic, 600 meters (1960 feet) -In air 3.2 kg (7.0 lbs), In water: 1.5 kg (3.4 lbs)
or
3AL/2.5V Titanium, 7000 meters (22,900 feet) - In air: 5.3 kg (11.8 lbs), In water: 3.7 kg (8.2 lbs)
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Section 2: Description of SBE 52-MP
Dimensions and Connectors
DO sensor cable not shown for clarity.
Logic Level Note:
Tx from the SBE 52-MP is an open collector transistor with a 200-ohm series resistor. The user
interface requires a pull-up resistor to their supply voltage; typical resistor value is 3300 ohm.
Oxygen Sensor Note:
The 52-MP’s optional oxygen sensor may be rotated 180° if desired for your application. However, you
must rotate the entire oxygen sensor assembly, including the plenum. To do this:
1. Disconnect the Tygon tubing from the pump exhaust on the sensor end cap. Disconnect the oxygen
sensor cable from the sensor end cap bulkhead connector.
2. Remove the screws attaching the sensor guard to the sensor end cap. Carefully remove the sensor
guard, along with the attached oxygen sensor and plumbing, from the 52-MP.
3. Disconnect the Tygon tubing on both sides of the oxygen plenum.
4. Remove the screws attaching the oxygen plenum to the sensor guard. Rotate the oxygen sensor
180°, reattach to the sensor guard with the screws, and reconnect the Tygon tubing on both sides of
the plenum.
5. Carefully replace the sensor guard, along with the attached oxygen sensor and plumbing, on the
52-MP. Replace the screws attaching the sensor guard to the sensor end cap.
6. Reconnect the oxygen sensor cable to the sensor end cap bulkhead connector. Reconnect the
Tygon tubing to the pump exhaust on the sensor end cap.
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SBE 52-MP
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Section 2: Description of SBE 52-MP
Cables and Wiring
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SBE 52-MP
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Section 2: Description of SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Data I/O
Note:
Seaterm has not been revised to
explicitly include the 52-MP. If your
52-MP has an RS-232 interface, or
using a logic level to RS-232
converter with a 52-MP that has a
logic level interface, select the
SBE 49 in Seaterm’s Configure
menu – the SBE 49 uses the same
data bits, stop bit, and parity.
The SBE 52-MP receives setup instructions and outputs data and diagnostic
information via a 0- 3.3 volt logic level link or RS-232 interface
(factory configured). It is factory-configured for 9600 baud, 8 data bits,
1 stop bit, and no parity.
If you want to set up a 52-MP that has been configured with the logic level
interface via an RS-232 interface (for example, via a computer RS-232 port),
you will require a converter to perform the logic level to RS-232 conversion.
Sea-Bird can supply an interface box, PN 90488.1, which provides logic
level input to RS-232 conversion. Alternatively, you can supply your
own converter.
Switching from RS-232 to Logic Level, or Reverse
The SBE 52-MP is factory-configured to the requested communication interface.
You can switch the configuration by sending a command and moving two
jumpers on the digital PCB.
Note:
See Appendix II: Electronics
Disassembly/Reassembly to access
the PCB.
1.
Send *RS232=Y to switch from logic level to RS-232, or send *RS232=N
to switch from RS-232 to logic level. Note that you must send the
appropriate command before you move the jumper.
2.
On the digital PCB (10331A), move the JP1 and JP2 jumpers as shown in
the table below:
Interface
JP1
JP2
1-2
1-2
Logic Level
2-3
2-3
RS-232
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Section 3: Power and Communications Test
SBE 52-MP
Section 3:
Power and Communications Test
This section describes software installation and the pre-check procedure for
preparing the SBE 52-MP for deployment. The power and communications
test will verify that the system works, prior to deployment.
Software Installation
Notes:
• Help files provide detailed
information on the software.
• If your 52-MP has an RS-232
interface, or using a logic level to
RS-232 converter with a 52-MP that
has a logic level interface:
- Seaterm can be used to set up the
52-MP.
- Alternatively, it is possible to use
the 52-MP without Seaterm by
sending direct commands from a
dumb terminal or terminal emulator,
such as Windows HyperTerminal.
• Sea-Bird supplies the current version
of our software when you purchase
an instrument. As software revisions
occur, we post the revised software
on our website. See our website for
the latest software version number, a
description of the software changes,
and instructions for downloading the
software.
Seasoft V2 was designed to work with a PC running Windows XP service
pack 2 or later, Windows Vista, or Windows 7 (32-bit or 64-bit).
If not already installed, install Sea-Bird software programs on your computer
using the supplied software CD:
1.
Insert the CD in your CD drive.
2.
Install software: Double click on SeasoftV2. Follow the dialog box
directions to install the software. The installation program allows you to
install the desired components. Install all the components, or just install
Seaterm (terminal program).
The default location for the software is c:\Program Files\Sea-Bird. Within that
folder is a sub-directory for each program.
Test Setup
1.
Remove the dummy plug and install the I/O cable:
A. By hand, unscrew the locking sleeve from the 52-MP’s I/O
connector. If you must use a wrench or pliers, be careful not to loosen
the I/O connector instead of the locking sleeve.
B. Remove the dummy plug from the 52-MP’s I/O connector by pulling
the plug firmly away from the connector.
Locking
sleeve
C. XSG Connector - Install the Sea-Bird I/O cable connector, aligning
the raised bump on the side of the connector with the large pin (pin 1
- ground) on the 52-MP. OR
MCBH Connector – Install the cable connector, aligning the pins.
Dummy
plug
2.
Connect the other end of the I/O cable to your controller and power
supply. See Dimensions and Connectors in Section 2: Description of
SBE 52-MP for pinout details.
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Section 3: Power and Communications Test
SBE 52-MP
Test
Notes:
• Seaterm can be used to set up the
52-MP only If you have a 52-MP
with an RS-232 interface or are
using a logic level to RS-232
converter with a 52-MP with a
logic level interface.
• See Seaterm’s help files.
1.
Double click on SeaTerm.exe. If this is the first time the program is used,
the setup dialog box may appear:
SBE49
Note:
Seaterm has not been revised to
explicitly include the 52-MP. When
using Seaterm with the 52-MP,
select the SBE 49 – the SBE 49 uses
the same data bits, stop bit, and
parity.
Select the instrument type (SBE 49) and the computer COM port for
communication with the 52-MP. Click OK.
2.
The main screen looks like this:
Menus
Toolbar
Command/Data Echo Area
Status bar
Note:
There is at least one way, and as
many as three ways, to enter a
command:
• Manually type a command in
Command/Data Echo Area
• Use a menu to automatically
generate a command
• Use a Toolbar button to
automatically generate a command
Instrument
EPROM version
•
•
Note:
Once the system is configured and
connected (Steps 3 through 4 below),
to update the Status bar:
• on the Toolbar, click Status; or
• from the Utilities menu, select
Instrument Status.
Seaterm sends the status command,
which displays in the Command/Data
Echo Area, and updates the Status
bar.
Computer
COM port
Instrument
•
•
(not applicable
to 52-MP)
Capture
to file
status –
grayed
out if not
capturing
Baud rate, data bits,
stop bits, and parity
Menus – Contains tasks and frequently executed instrument
commands.
Toolbar – Contains buttons for frequently executed tasks and
instrument commands. All tasks and commands accessed through the
Toolbar are also available in the Menus. To display or hide the
Toolbar, select View Toolbar in the View menu. Grayed out Toolbar
buttons are not applicable.
Command/Data Echo Area – Displays the 52-MP’s response to a
command. Additionally, commands can be manually typed in this
area, from the available commands for the 52-MP. Note that the
52-MP must be awake for it to respond to a command (use Connect
on the Toolbar or send any character to wake up the 52-MP).
Status bar – Provides status information. To display or hide the Status
bar, select View Status bar in the View menu.
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Section 3: Power and Communications Test
SBE 52-MP
Following are the Toolbar buttons applicable to the 52-MP:
Toolbar
Button
Description
Equivalent
Command*
(send any
character)
Re-establish communications with 52-MP.
Computer responds with S> prompt.
Display instrument setup and status
Status
(configuration and setup parameters,
DS
number of samples in memory, etc.).
Display calibration coefficients
Coefficients (conductivity, temperature, pressure,
DC
and optional oxygen).
Capture instrument responses on screen to
file; useful for diagnostics. File has .cap
Capture
extension. Capture status displays in
—
Status bar. Press Capture again to turn
off capture.
Perform one or more diagnostic tests on
52-MP. Diagnostic test(s) accessed in
DS, DC,
Diagnostics this manner are non-destructive –
and TS
they do not write over any existing
instrument settings.
Interrupt and end current activity, such as (press Esc key or
Stop
sampling or diagnostic test.
Ctrl C)
Free computer COM port used to
Disconnect communicate with 52-MP. COM port can
—
then be used by another program.
*See Command Descriptions in Section 4: Deploying and Operating
SBE 52-MP.
Connect
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Section 3: Power and Communications Test
Note:
Seaterm has not been revised to
explicitly include the 52-MP.
Select the SBE 49 in Seaterm’s
Configure menu – the SBE 49 uses
the same data bits, stop bit, and
parity as the 52-MP.
3.
In the Configure menu, select SBE 49. The dialog box looks
like this:
Interface for
communication
between computer
and 52-MP.
Computer COM port, baud rate,
data bits, and parity for
communication between computer
and 52-MP. 52-MP only
communicates at 9600 baud.
Notes:
• Seaterm’s baud rate must be the
same as the 52-MP baud rate
(9600).
• When you click OK, Seaterm saves
the Configuration Options settings
to the SeaTerm.ini file in your
Windows directory. SeaTerm.ini
contains the last saved settings for
each instrument. When you open
Seaterm and select the desired
instrument (SBE 37, 49, etc.) in the
Configure menu, the Configuration
Options dialog box shows the last
saved settings for that instrument.
SBE 52-MP
Make the selections in the Configuration Options dialog box:
• COMM Port: COM 1 through COM 10, as applicable
• Baud Rate: 9600 (only valid baud rate for 52-MP)
• Data Bits: 8
• Parity: None
• Mode: RS-232 (Full Duplex)
Click OK to save the settings.
4.
Click Connect on the Toolbar or send any character. Seaterm tries to
connect to the 52-MP. When it connects, the display looks like this:
S>
This shows that correct communications between the computer and the
52-MP has been established.
If the system does not respond with the S> prompt:
• Click Connect (or send any character) again.
• Verify the SBE 49 was selected in the Configure menu and the
settings were entered correctly in the Configuration Options
dialog box.
• Check cabling between the computer and 52-MP.
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Note:
The 52-MP does not echo characters
received from the computer.
Therefore, the commands you send
(for example, DS) will not appear in the
Seaterm display.
CAUTION:
Sending the PTS command causes the
pump to turn on – depending on
temperature and pressure, the pump
may run for up to 55 seconds (see
Polled Sampling Commands in
Section 4: Deploying and Operating
SBE 52-MP). Do not run the pump
dry. The pump is water lubricated;
running it without water (except for
very short periods) will damage it. If
testing the 52-MP in dry conditions, fill
the inside of the pump head with water
via the pump exhaust tubing. This will
provide enough lubrication to prevent
pump damage during testing.
Section 3: Power and Communications Test
5.
SBE 52-MP
Display 52-MP status information by clicking Status on the Toolbar or
typing DS and pressing the Enter key. The display looks like this:
SBE 52 MP CTD 2.5 SERIAL NO. 0004
DO installed = yes
output CTDO when profiling
stop profile when pressure is less than = 5.0 decibars
automatic bin averaging when p < 5.0 disabled
number of samples = 10050
number of bins = 39
top bin interval = 10
top bin size = 10
top bin max = 100
middle bin interval = 50
middle bin size = 50
middle bin max = 1000
bottom bin interval = 100
bottom bin size = 100
do not include two transition bins
oxygen frequency multiplier = 1.00
6.
Command the 52-MP to take a sample by typing PTS or TS and pressing
the Enter key. The display looks like this:
35.4789,
where
6.9892,
182.25, 6.768
35.4789 = conductivity (mmho/cm)
6.9892 = temperature (degrees Celsius)
182.25 = pressure (decibars)
6.768 = dissolved oxygen (ml/l)
These numbers should be reasonable for the present environment of your
instrument (for example, in air, in fresh water, or in seawater). Note that if
DO installed = no, the 52-MP outputs 0.000 for the dissolved oxygen
value.
The 52-MP is ready for programming and deployment.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Section 4:
Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
This section includes discussions of:
Note:
Help files contain detailed
information on Seaterm.
•
Sampling modes, including pump operation and example commands
•
Command descriptions
•
Data formats
•
Optimizing data quality
•
Deployment
•
Recovery
Sampling Modes
The SBE 52-MP has two sampling modes for obtaining data:
•
Autonomous sampling (typical use)
•
Polled sampling
Descriptions and examples of the sampling modes follow. Note that the
52-MP’s response to each command is not shown in the examples. Review the
operation of the sampling modes and the commands described in Command
Descriptions before setting up your system.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Autonomous Sampling
Note:
The 52-MP does not echo characters
received from the computer.
Therefore, the commands you send
(for example, DS) will not appear in
the Seaterm display. Commands are
shown in the example below for
illustration only.
The SBE 52-MP runs continuously, sampling data at 1 scan per second (1 Hz),
and storing data to memory. The 52-MP can also transmit in real-time:
•
pressure (decibars);
•
sample number data;
•
pressure (decibars) and sample number data;
•
conductivity (mmho/cm), temperature (°C), pressure (decibars), and
optional oxygen (Hz);
or
•
conductivity (Hz), temperature (A/D counts), pressure (A/D counts),
pressure temperature (A/D counts), and optional oxygen (Hz)
Example 1: Autonomous Sampling Setup (user input in bold)
52-MP with RS-232 interface, or using logic level to RS-232 converter with 52-MP that has logic level interface In the lab, using Seaterm, set up 52-MP to sample on the upcast from 1000 m to 10 m, to stop sampling automatically at
10 m, and to calculate bins automatically when it stops sampling. For bin averaging: set up a top section from 10 to 100
m with 10 m bins, a middle section from 100 to 300 m with 20 m bins, and a bottom section from 300 to 1000 m with
50 m bins, and also calculate transition bins. Set up 52-MP to output real-time pressure. Verify setup with status
command. Remove power.
(Apply power, then send any character to wake up.)
S>PCUTOFF=10
S>AUTOBINAVG=Y
S>TOP_BIN_INTERVAL=10
S>TOP_BIN_SIZE=10
S>TOP_BIN_MAX=100
S>MIDDLE_BIN_INTERVAL=20
S>MIDDLE_BIN_SIZE=20
S>MIDDLE_BIN_MAX=300
S>BOTTOM_BIN_INTERVAL=50
S>BOTTOM_BIN_SIZE=50
S>INCLUDETRANSITIONBIN=Y
S>OUTPUTPRESSURE=Y
S>DS
(to verify setup)
(Remove power.)
Program controller to monitor real-time pressure output to determine when autonomous sampling has stopped, and to
send data upload commands (DD for all data and DA for bin averaged data) after some delay to allow time for the
52-MP to calculate the bin averages.
When ready to begin sampling:
(Put 52-MP in water, send down to 1000 m, apply power, then send any character to wake up 52-MP.)
S>STARTPROFILE
(Autonomous sampling stops automatically at 10 m (PCutoff=), and 52-MP calculates bins. Controller sends DD
(unaveraged data) and DA (bin averaged data) to upload data.)
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Polled Sampling
Note:
The 52-MP does not echo characters
received from the computer.
Therefore, the commands you send
(for example, DS) will not appear in
the Seaterm display. Commands are
shown in the example below for
illustration only.
On command, the SBE 52-MP takes one sample and transmits the
data real-time.
•
PTS command – 52-MP runs the pump before sampling, ensuring
a conductivity and optional dissolved oxygen measurement based on a
fresh water sample.
Oxygen sensor response time, and the corresponding length of time the
pump needs to run before taking a sample, is dependent on temperature
and pressure. Oxygen sensor response time increases with increasing
pressure and decreasing temperature. Therefore, the 52-MP takes a
preliminary measurement of temperature and pressure (but does not store
the preliminary values in memory), uses those values to calculate the
required pump time, runs the pump, and then takes a fresh measurement
of all parameters.
•
TS or TSR command – 52-MP pump does not turn on automatically
before sampling. To run the pump before taking a sample, send PumpOn
to turn the pump on before sending TS or TSR. Send PumpOff to turn
the pump off after taking the sample.
Example: Polled Sampling (user input in bold)
Example 1: Apply power and send any character to wake up 52-MP. Command 52-MP to take a sample and output
data in ASCII engineering units, using PTS command (automatically runs pump for sample). Remove power.
Repeat as desired.
(Apply power, then send any character to wake up 52-MP.)
S>PTS
(Remove power.)
Example 2: Apply power and send any character to wake up 52-MP. Command 52-MP to turn pump on, take a
sample and output raw data, and turn pump off. Remove power. Repeat as desired.
(Apply power, then send any character to wake up 52-MP.)
S>PUMPON
S>TSR
S>PUMPOFF
(Remove power.)
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Command Descriptions
This section describes commands and provides sample outputs.
See Appendix III: Command Summary for a summarized command list.
When entering commands:
•
Input commands to the 52-MP in upper or lower case letters and register
commands by pressing the Enter key.
•
The 52-MP sends ?CMD if an invalid command is entered.
•
If the system does not return an S> prompt after executing a command,
press the Enter key to get the S> prompt.
•
Establish communications by pressing Connect on the Toolbar or sending
any character to get the S> prompt.
•
If the 52-MP is transmitting data and you want to stop it, send
StopProfile, click Stop on the Toolbar, or type Ctrl Z. Press the Enter key
or send any character to get the S> prompt.
•
The 52-MP responds only to SLP and StopProfile while sampling.
Entries made with the commands are permanently stored in the 52-MP in nonvolatile RAM and remain in effect until you change them. Removing power
does not affect the user-programmed setup.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Status Command
DS
Display operating status and
setup parameters.
Equivalent to Status on Toolbar.
List below includes, where applicable,
command used to modify parameter.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
firmware version, serial number
oxygen sensor enabled?
[SetDOInstalled=]
real-time output enabled?
[OutputPressure=, OutputCTDO=,
OutputCTDORaw=, OutputSN=]
cutoff pressure to stop autonomous
sampling [PCutoff=]
automatically average stored data into bins
when profile is stopped because
pressure < PCutoff? [AutoBinAvg=]
number of samples in memory
number of bins in memory
spacing between bins for top bin
[Top_Bin_Interval=]
size of each top bin [Top_Bin_Size=]
maximum pressure for top section
[Top_Bin_Max=]
spacing between bins for middle bin
[Middle_Bin_Interval=]
size of each middle bin
[Middle_Bin_Size=]
maximum pressure for middle section
[Middle_Bin_Max=]
spacing between bins for bottom bin
[Bottom_Bin_Interval=]
size of each bottom bin
[Bottom_Bin_Size=]
calculate transition bin between top and
middle bin and between middle and
bottom bin? [IncludeTransitionBin=]
oxygen frequency multiplier
[OxMultiplier=]
Example: Status (DS) command (user input in bold; command used to modify parameter in parentheses)
S>DS
SBE 52 MP CTD 2.5 SERIAL NO. 0004
DO installed = yes
[SetDOInstalled=]
output CTDO when profiling
[OutputPressure=, OutputCTDO=, OutputCTDORaw=, OutputSN=]
stop profile when pressure is less than = 5.0 decibars
[PCutoff=]
automatic bin averaging when p < 5.0 disabled
[AutoBinAvg=]
number of samples = 10050
number of bins = 39
top bin interval = 10
[Top_Bin_Interval=]
top bin size = 10
[Top_Bin_Size=]
top bin max = 100
[Top_Bin_Max=]
middle bin interval = 50
[Middle_Bin_Interval=]
middle bin size = 50
[Middle_Bin_Size=]
middle bin max = 1000
[Middle_Bin_Max=]
bottom bin interval = 100
[Bottom_Bin_Interval=]
bottom bin size = 100
[Bottom_Bin_Size=]
do not include two transition bins
[IncludeTransitionBin=]
oxygen frequency multiplier = 1.00
[OxMultiplier=]
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Setup Commands
Note:
If SetDOInstalled=Y but there is no
oxygen sensor installed, the 52-MP
will output bogus values for DO data.
Note:
If OverWriteMem=Y, and you have
filled and started to overwrite the
memory, uploading all data using DD
(engineering units), DDH (Hex), or
DDB (Binary) will provide newer data
followed by older data. Similarly, if
uploading all the bin averaged data in
memory, the newer data will be
followed by the older data.
Example: SBE 52-MP overwrote first
10,000 samples of the 28,000 sample
memory. Samples 1 – 10,000 are
data that was measured after
samples 10,001 – 28,000.
Note:
The 52-MP enters quiescent state
automatically (without sending QS)
if it is not sampling and does not
receive a command for 2 minutes.
SetDOInstalled=x
x=Y: DO sensor is installed.
X=N: DO sensor is not installed; 52-MP
outputs all zeroes for DO data.
PCutoff=x
x= pressure cutoff (decibars).
52-MP automatically stops
autonomous sampling when pressure
is less than PCutoff.
OverWriteMem=x
x=Y: Reset sample number to 0 and bin
number to 0 when memory fills. 52-MP
continues autonomous sampling, and
overwrites earlier data in memory when
memory fills.
x=N: Do not reset sample number to 0 and
bin number to 0 when memory fills.
52-MP automatically stops autonomous
sampling when memory fills.
InitProfile
Do not use unless all previous data has
been uploaded. InitProfile sets sample
number for first sample to 0 and bin
number for first bin to 0. This resets
52-MP to start saving data to beginning of
memory, overwriting previous data in
memory and making entire memory
available for recording.
Use of InitProfile is not required if you
will use StartProfile or StartProfileN to
start autonomous sampling; these
commands automatically reset sample
number and bin number to 0 before
beginning sampling.
OxMultiplier=x
x= oxygen sensor frequency multiplier,
0 < OxMultiplier < 4.0. Typical value
approximately 0.25. Multiplies measured
frequency by a factor to convert to sensor
output. See configuration sheet for
appropriate value for your instrument.
QS
Quit session and place 52-MP in quiescent
(sleep) state. Power to digital and analog
electronics is turned off. Memory retention
is not affected.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Real-Time Output Commands
Real-time output can be one of the following:
• Pressure (OutputPressure=Y)
• Sample number (OutputSN=Y)
• Sample number and pressure (OutputSN=Y and OutputPressure=Y) –
output is sample number, pressure
• Conductivity, temperature, and pressure in engineering units;
optional oxygen in raw units (OutputCTDO=Y)
• Conductivity, temperature, pressure, pressure temperature, and
optional oxygen in raw units (OutputCTDORaw=Y)
OutputPressure=x
Notes:
If outputting real-time data
(OutputPressure=Y,
OutputCTDO=Y,
OutputCTDORaw=Y, or
OutputSN=Y), the 52-MP measures
all parameters, and then transmits the
real-time data while making the next
measurement.
x=Y: Output real-time pressure in ASCII
engineering units (ppppp.pp decibars)
while autonomous sampling.
x=N: Do not output real-time pressure
while autonomous sampling.
OutputSN=x
x=Y: Output real-time sample number
(5 digits) while autonomous sampling.
x=N: Do not output real-time sample
number while autonomous sampling.
OutputCTDO=x
x=Y: Output real-time conductivity,
temperature, and pressure in ASCII
engineering units, and optional oxygen
frequency (ccc.cccc mmho/cm, ttt.tttt °C,
ppppp.pp decibars, ooooo.o Hz)
while autonomous sampling.
x=N: Do not output real-time CTDO data
while autonomous sampling.
OutputCTDORaw=x
x=Y: Output raw real-time data
(conductivity cccc.ccc Hz, temperature
tttttt.t A/D counts, pressure pppppp.p A/D
counts, pressure temperature vvvvvv.v
A/D counts, optional oxygen ooooo.o Hz)
while autonomous sampling.
x=N: Do not output raw real-time CTDO
data while autonomous sampling.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Bin Averaging Commands
The SBE 52-MP can average data into bins, based on pressure ranges, after a
profile is completed. The 52-MP processes approximately 52 scans per second
when calculating the bins. The 52-MP stores bin averaged data in a separate
part of the memory than where the full data set is stored. The user can upload
the full data set, the bin averaged data, or both.
The algorithm the 52-MP uses for bin averaging is described below.
For each bin:
BinMin = bin center value - (bin size / 2)
BinMax = bin center value + (bin size / 2)
1.
Add together valid data for scans with BinMin < pressure < BinMax.
2.
Divide the sum by the number of valid data points to obtain the average.
3.
Interpolate as follows, and write the interpolated value to memory:
Pp = average pressure of previous bin
Xp = average value of variable in previous bin
Pc = average pressure of current bin
Xc = average value of variable in current bin
Pi = center value for pressure in current bin
Xi = interpolated value of variable (value at center pressure Pi )
= ( (Xc - Xp) * (Pi - Pp) / (Pc - Pp) ) + Xp
4.
Repeat Steps 1 through 3 for each variable.
5.
Compute the center value and Repeat Steps 1 through 4 for the next bin.
Values for the first bin are interpolated after averages for the second bin are
calculated; values from the next (second) bin instead of the previous bin are
used in the equations.
Starting Bin Averaging
AutoBinAvg=x
x=Y: Automatically average stored data
into bins when autonomous sampling is
stopped because pressure < PCutoff.
x= N: Do not automatically average stored
data into bins.
BinAverage
Average stored data into bins now.
Send StopProfile to stop autonomous
sampling before sending this command.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Bin Averaging Commands (continued)
Setting Bin Averaging Parameters
The 52-MP allows you to define a top, middle, and bottom section of the
profile; each section can have different bin sizes and bin intervals. In addition,
it allows you to define a transition bin between the top and middle section, and
between the middle and bottom section.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Bin Averaging Commands (continued)
Top_Bin_Interval=x
x= spacing between bin centers for top
section (decibars).
Example: If top bin interval is 10 db, top
section bin centers are at 0, 10, 20, etc.
Top_Bin_Size=x
x= bin size for top section (decibars).
Scans from bin center to
(± Top_Bin_Size/2) are included in data
for bin. For typical use, set Top_Bin_Size
equal to Top_Bin_Interval.
Example 1: If interval is 10 db and bin size
is 10 db, first bin is centered at 10 and
goes from 5 to 15, second bin is centered
at 20 and goes from 15 to 25, etc.
Example 2: If interval is 10 db and bin size
is 8 db, first bin is centered at 10 and goes
from 6 to 14, second bin is centered at 20
and goes from 16 to 24, etc.
Top_Bin_Max=x
x= maximum pressure for top section (db).
For best results, set so center of last top
bin is at Top_Bin_Max.
Middle_Bin_Interval=x
x= spacing between bin centers for middle
section (decibars).
Example: If top section maximum pressure
is 100 db and middle bin interval is 20 db,
middle section bin centers are at 120,
140, etc.
Middle_Bin_Size=x
x= bin size for middle section (decibars).
Scans from bin center to
(± Middle_Bin_Size/2) are included in
data for bin.
For typical use, set Middle_Bin_Size
equal to Middle_Bin_Interval.
Example 1: If top section maximum
pressure is 100 db, middle bin interval is
20 db, and middle bin size is 20 db, first
middle bin is centered at 120 and goes
from 110 to 130, second middle bin is
centered at 140 and goes from 130 to
150, etc.
Example 2: If top section maximum
pressure is 100 db, middle bin interval is
20 db, and middle bin size is 16 db, first
middle bin is centered at 120 and goes
from 112 to 128, second middle bin is
centered at 140 and goes from 132 to
148, etc.
Middle_Bin_Max=x
x= maximum pressure for middle section
(decibars). For best results, set so center of
last middle bin is at Middle_Bin_Max.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Bin Averaging Commands (continued)
Bottom_Bin_Interval=x
x= spacing between bin centers for bottom
section (decibars).
Example: If middle section maximum
pressure is 1000 db and bottom bin
interval is 50 db, bottom section bin
centers are at 1050, 1100, etc.
Bottom_Bin_Size=x
x= bin size for bottom section (decibars).
Scans from bin center to
(± Bottom_Bin_Size/2) are included in
data for bin.
For typical use, set Bottom_Bin_Size
equal to Bottom_Bin_Interval.
Example 1: If middle section maximum
pressure is 1000 db, bottom bin interval is
50 db, and bottom bin size is 50 db, first
bottom bin is centered at 1050 and goes
from 1025 to 1075, second bottom bin is
centered at 1100 and goes from 1075 to
1125, etc.
Example 2: If middle section maximum
pressure is 1000 db, bottom bin interval is
50 db, and bottom bin size is 40, first
bottom bin is centered at 1050 and goes
from 1030 to 1070, second bottom bin is
centered at 1100 db and goes from 1080 to
1120, etc.
IncludeTransitionBin=x
x=Y: Calculate transition bin between top and
middle section, and between middle and
bottom section. Transition bins are:
(last top bin center + Top_Bin_Interval/2) to
(last top bin center + Middle_Bin_Interval/2)
and
(last middle bin center + Middle_Bin_Interval/2) to
(last middle bin center + Bottom_Bin_Interval/2)
x= N: Do not calculate transition bins.
Example:
Top_Bin_Interval=Top_Bin_Size=10 (db)
Middle_Bin_Interval=Middle_Bin_Size=100 (db)
Top_Bin_Max=100 (db)
Looking at what happens between the top and middle section if there is
no transition bin:
Section
Bin Center
Bin Range
...
...
Top
90
85 – 95
100
95 - 105
200
150 – 250
Middle
300
250 – 350
...
...
You can see that there is a gap in the bins, from 105 to 150 db. By
including the transition bin, you can cover the gap.
Start of transition bin = last top bin center + Top_Bin_Interval/2
= 100 + 10 / 2 = 105 db
End of transition bin = last top bin center + Middle_Bin_Interval/2
= 100 + 100 / 2 = 150 db
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Autonomous Sampling Commands
CAUTION:
Sending StartProfile, StartProfileN,
ResumeProfile, or ResumeProfileN
causes the pump to turn on. Do not
run the pump dry. The pump is water
lubricated; running it without water
(except for very short periods) will
damage it. If testing your system in dry
conditions, fill the inside of the pump
head with water via the pump exhaust
tubing. This will provide enough
lubrication to prevent pump damage
during testing.
Note:
Sending StartProfile and
StartProfileN resets the 52-MP to start
saving data to the beginning of
memory, overwriting previous data in
memory and making the entire
memory available for recording.
Notes:
• You may need to send StopProfile
several times to get the 52-MP to
respond.
• Autonomous sampling stops
automatically if:
 pressure is less than the pressure
cutoff, PCutoff, or
 52-MP memory is full and
OverWriteMem=N
(can hold up to 28,000 samples;
at 1 second/sample, this
corresponds to 28,000 seconds
of autonomous sampling).
Autonomous sampling directs the 52-MP to turn on the pump and sample
conductivity, temperature, pressure, and optional oxygen continuously
(at 1 Hz). The pump runs at fast speed for 2.5 seconds, and then runs
continuously at slow speed. Fast speed removes any debris from the
system and rapidly brings in new water; once the system is cleared, the slow
speed provides adequate flushing of the system while minimizing the
power required.
The 52-MP can be set up to transmit in real-time: pressure; sample number;
sample number and pressure; or conductivity, temperature, pressure, and
optional oxygen in converted or raw units (see Real-Time Output Commands
above).
Do not remove power from the 52-MP before uploading data; if power is
removed, any data in memory will be lost.
StartProfile
Do not use unless all previous data has
been uploaded. Set sample number for
first sample to 0 and bin number for
first bin to 0, start pump, and start
autonomous sampling.
StartProfileN
Do not use unless all previous data has
been uploaded. Set sample number for
first sample to 0 and bin number for first
bin to 0, start pump and let pump run for
N seconds, and then (with pump
continuing to run) start autonomous
sampling.
ResumeProfile
Start pump and start autonomous
sampling; new data is stored to memory
after previously saved data.
ResumeProfileN
Start pump and let pump run for
N seconds, then (with pump continuing to
run) start autonomous sampling; new data
is stored to memory after previously
saved data.
StopProfile
Stop pump and stop autonomous sampling.
Press Enter key to get S> prompt before
entering StopProfile.
SLP
Send last sample of pressure data from
memory in ASCII engineering units
(ppppp.pp decibars). 52-MP responds to
SLP only while autonomous sampling.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Autonomous Sampling Commands (continued)
DTDP
Transmit last calculated value for dt/dp.
52-MP calculates dt/dp each time you send
StopProfile, if autonomous sampling was
started with ResumeProfile or
ResumeProfileN.
dt/dp = (t – t OLD) / (p OLD – p)
where
t = temperature from last sample before
receiving StopProfile;
p = pressure from last sample before
receiving StopProfile;
t OLD = temperature from last sample
before receiving previous StopProfile;
p OLD = pressure from last sample before
receiving previous StopProfile.
Example:
You plan to deploy the 52-MP on a deep mooring, and have it sample on upcast from 7000 db to 5 db. However, to
conserve power, you don’t want to sample continuously through deep water, where measured parameters are likely to
change very little. You program the controller to send StartProfile at 7000 db, then StopProfile at
6980 db; ResumeProfile at 6900 db, then StopProfile and DTDP at 6880 db; ResumeProfile at 6800 db, then
StopProfile and DTDP at 6780 db; etc. Each time you send StopProfile, the 52-MP calculates dt/dp, which is then
transmitted to the controller when you send DTDP.
You program the controller to check for when dt/dp reaches a threshold value (i.e., indicating that the temperature is
changing significantly) and to sample continuously after that point is reached (i.e., the controller does not send
StopProfile beyond that point). You have programmed the 52-MP with PCutoff=5 and AutoBinAvg=Y, so
autonomous sampling stops automatically at 5 db and bins for the entire profile are calculated when the 52-MP
reaches 5 db.
Fast Pressure Sampling Command
TFP
Measure pressure at approximately 4 Hz
(0.25 seconds/sample), transmit ASCII
converted data (pppp.ppp decibars), one
measurement per line, followed by a
carriage return and line feed. Data is not
stored in SRAM memory. Press Esc key
or Stop on Toolbar to stop fast pressure
sampling.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Data Upload Commands
See Data Formats for details.
All Data (unaveraged)
Note:
If OverWriteMem=Y, and you have
filled and started to overwrite the
memory, uploading all data using DD
(engineering units), DDH (Hex), or
DDB (Binary) will provide newer data
followed by older data.
Example: Overwrote first 10,000
samples of the 28,000 sample
memory. Samples 1 – 10,000 are
data that was measured after
samples 10,001 – 28,000.
DDN
Display number of data samples
(unaveraged) in memory (up to
5 characters followed by a carriage return
and line feed).
DDs,f
Upload all data (unaveraged) from sample
s to sample f, in ASCII engineering units.
If s and f are omitted, all data is uploaded.
First sample number is 0.
DDHs,f
Upload all data (unaveraged) from sample
s to sample f, in Hex. If s and f are
omitted, all data is uploaded. First sample
number is 0.
DDBs,f
Upload all data (unaveraged) from sample
s to sample f, in binary. If s and f are
omitted, all data is uploaded. First sample
number is 0.
Bin Averaged Data
Note:
If OverWriteMem=Y, and you have
filled and started to overwrite the
memory, uploading all bin averaged
data using DA (engineering units),
DAH (Hex), or DAB (Binary) will
provide newer data followed by older
data.
Example: Assume there are 3,500
bins in the bin averaged portion of the
memory when the main memory fills,
and that the first 1,000 bins are
overwritten. Bins 1 – 1,000 are bin
averaged data that was measured
after the data in Bins 1,001 – 3,500.
DAN
Display number of averaged bins in
memory (up to 4 characters followed by a
carriage return and line feed).
NBin
Display number of averaged bins in
memory (label plus up to 4 characters
followed by a carriage return and line
feed). Display looks like this:
Number of bins = 3500
DAs,f
Upload bin averaged data from bin s to bin
f, in ASCII engineering units. If s and f
are omitted, all data is uploaded. First bin
number is 0.
DAHs,f
Upload bin averaged data from bin s to bin
f, in Hex. If s and f are omitted, all data is
uploaded. First bin number is 0.
DABs,f
Upload bin averaged data from bin s to bin
f, in binary. If s and f are omitted, all data
is uploaded. First bin number is 0.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Polled Sampling Commands
CAUTION:
Sending PTS causes the pump to turn
on. Do not run the pump dry. The
pump is water lubricated; running it
without water (except for very short
periods) will damage it. If testing your
system in dry conditions, fill the inside
of the pump head with water via the
pump exhaust tubing. This will provide
enough lubrication to prevent pump
damage during testing.
PTS
Run pump; take 1 sample of all
parameters; transmit data in ASCII
engineering units (conductivity
ccc.cccc mmho/cm, temperature ttt.tttt °C,
pressure ppppp.pp decibars, optional
oxygen oo.ooo ml/l); and turn pump off.
Length of time that pump runs:
Oxygen sensor response time, and
corresponding length of time pump needs
to run before taking sample, is dependent
on temperature and pressure.
52-MP takes preliminary measurement of
T and P, uses those values to calculate
pump time (but does not store T and P
values in memory), runs pump, and then
takes fresh measurement of all parameters.
Pump time increases with increasing P and
decreasing T.
For example, if:
T=0 °C, P=1000 db, total pump time=44.6 sec;
T=30 °C, P=0 db, total pump time=9.8 sec.
Maximum total pump run time is 55 sec.
Total pump time consists of fast speed
(remove any debris from the system and
rapidly bring in a new water sample)
followed by slow speed (provide adequate
flushing of system while minimizing power
required);
52-MP calculates optimal time for pump to
operate at each speed.
Note:
TS and TSR do not automatically turn
the pump on. To get conductivity and
optional oxygen from a fresh sample,
send PumpOn some time before
sending TS or TSR, and then send
PumpOff when the data has been
received. See the CAUTION above
about running the pump dry.
TS
Take 1 sample of all parameters and
transmit data in ASCII engineering units
(conductivity ccc.cccc mmho/cm,
temperature ttt.tttt °C, pressure ppppp.pp
decibars, optional oxygen oo.ooo ml/l).
This command does not run pump
before sampling. If desired, send a pump
command before and after sending TS, to
turn pump on and off.
TSR
Take 1 sample of all parameters and
transmit ASCII raw data (conductivity
cccc.ccc Hz, temperature tttttt.t A/D
counts, pressure pppppp.p A/D counts,
pressure temperature vvvvvv.v A/D
counts, optional oxygen ooooo.o Hz).
This command does not run pump
before sampling.
If desired, send a pump command before
and after sending TSR, to turn pump on
and off.
FP
Take 1 sample of pressure, and transmit
data in ASCII engineering units
(ppppp.pp decibars).
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Pump Commands
The pump runs automatically for autonomous sampling, and for the PTS
polled sampling command.
Use pump commands:
• Before sending TS or TSR polled sampling commands, or TC, TCR, TO,
or TOR testing commands to obtain pumped conductivity and/or
optional oxygen data, or
• To test pump.
CAUTION:
Do not run the pump dry. The pump
is water lubricated; running it without
water (except for very short periods)
will damage it. If testing your system in
dry conditions, fill the inside of the
pump head with water via the pump
exhaust tubing. This will provide
enough lubrication to prevent pump
damage during testing.
PumpOn
Turn on pump (fast speed for 2.5 seconds,
then slow speed). This is pumping scheme
automatically used by 52-MP for
autonomous sampling. Fast speed removes
any debris from system and rapidly brings
in new water sample; once system is
cleared, slow speed provides adequate
flushing of system while minimizing
power required.
PumpFast
Turn pump on at fast speed.
PumpSlow
Turn pump on at slow speed.
PumpOff
Turn pump off.
Testing Commands
The 52-MP samples and transmits data in ASCII engineering units for
100 samples for each test. Data is not stored in SRAM memory.
Press the Esc key or Stop on the Toolbar to stop a test.
Note:
These commands do not automatically
turn on the pump. Thus, they report
conductivity and optional oxygen from
essentially the same sample of water
for all 100 measurements, because the
pump does not run but the pump and
associated plumbing prevent water
from freely flowing through the
conductivity cell and dissolved oxygen
sensor. To get conductivity and oxygen
from fresh samples, send PumpOn
before sending a conductivity or
oxygen testing command, and then
send PumpOff when the test is
complete. See the CAUTION above
about running the pump dry.
TC
Measure conductivity, transmit ASCII
converted data (cc.ccccc mmho/cm).
TT
Measure temperature, transmit ASCII
converted data (ttt.tttt °C).
TP
Measure pressure and pressure
temperature, transmit ASCII converted
data (pppp.ppp decibars, tttt.ttt °C).
TO
Measure optional oxygen, transmit ASCII
raw data (ooooo.oo Hz).
TCR
Measure conductivity, transmit ASCII raw
data (cccc.ccc Hz).
TTR
Measure temperature, transmit ASCII raw
data (tttttt.t A/D counts).
TPR
Measure pressure, transmit ASCII raw
data (pppppp.p A/D counts for pressure,
tttttttt A/D counts for pressure
temperature).
TOR
Same as TO (ooooo.oo Hz).
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Coefficients Commands
DC
Notes:
• Dates shown are when
calibrations were performed.
Calibration coefficients are initially
factory-set and should agree with
Calibration Certificate shipped
with 52-MP.
• See individual Coefficient
Commands below for definitions of
the data in the example.
Display calibration coefficients.
Equivalent to Coefficients on Toolbar.
Example: Display coefficients (user input in bold).
S>dc
SBE 52 MP 2.5 SERIAL NO. 0002
temperature: 18-feb-15
TA0 = 1.587068e-05
TA1 = 2.734145e-04
TA2 = -2.120419e-06
TA3 = 1.513452e-07
conductivity: 18-feb-15
G = -1.034209e+00
H = 1.415599e-01
I = -3.702509e-04
J = 4.596847e-05
CPCOR = -9.570001e-08
CTCOR = 3.250000e-06
WBOTC = -9.102695e-06
pressure S/N = 7418, range = 10153 psia:
PA0 = 5.793196e+00
PA1 = 5.649696e-01
PA2 = -6.067437e-07
PTCA0 = 9.975864e+00
PTCA1 = 5.241532e-01
PTCA2 = -3.319472e-03
PTCB0 = 2.456025e+01
PTCB1 = 5.000000e-05
PTCB2 = 0.000000e+00
PTHA0 = -7.034930e+01
PTHA1 = 4.924383e-02
PTHA2 = 9.952137e-08
POFFSET = 0.000000e+00
oxygen S/N = 2347, 18-feb-15
Soc = 2.282700e-04
Foffset = -7.967825e+02
A = -3.317500e-03
B = 3.028800e-04
C = -5.600400e-06
E = 3.600000e-02
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Manual revision 011
Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Coefficients Commands (continued)
Use the commands listed below to modify a particular coefficient or date:
Note:
F = floating point number
S = string with no spaces
Temperature
TCalDate=S
TA0=F
TA1=F
TA2=F
TA3=F
S=calibration date
F=A0
F=A1
F=A2
F=A3
Conductivity
CCalDate=S
CG=F
CH=F
CI=F
CJ=F
CPCor=F
CTCor=F
WBOTC=F
S=calibration date
F=G
F=H
F=I
F=J
F=pcor
F=tcor
F=conductivity temperature
Pressure
PCalDate=S
PA0=F
PA1=F
PA2=F
PTCA0=F
PTCA1=F
PTCA2=F
PTCB0=F
PTCB1=F
PTCB2=F
PTHA0=F
PTHA1=F
PTHA2=F
POffset=F
S=calibration date
F=A0
F=A1
F=A2
F=pressure temperature compensation ptca0
F=pressure temperature compensation ptca1
F=pressure temperature compensation ptca2
F=pressure temperature compensation ptcb0
F=pressure temperature compensation ptcb1
F=pressure temperature compensation ptcb2
F=pressure temperature a0
F=pressure temperature a1
F=pressure temperature a2
F=pressure offset (decibars)
Optional Oxygen
OCalDate=S
OXSOC=F
OXFOF=F
OXA=F
OXB=F
OXC=F
OXE=F
S=calibration date
F=SOC
F=F offset
F=A
F=B
F=C
F=E
ResetOffset
Sample pressure for 1 minute.
Convert raw pressures to decibars, and
calculate average. Set POffset= to sum of
existing POffset and calculated average.
Example:
Assume 52-MP has POffset=1 (db)
programmed in its EEPROM. With 52-MP
at atmospheric pressure at sea level, send
ResetOffset; assume 52-MP calculates
average pressure as 0.5 db. 52-MP then
sets POffset=1.5 (1 db + 0.5 db).
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Data Formats
Note:
The 52-MP’s pressure sensor is an
absolute sensor, so its raw output
includes the effect of atmospheric
pressure (14.7 psi).
As shown on the Calibration Sheet,
Sea-Bird’s calibration (and resulting
calibration coefficients) is in terms of
psia. However, when outputting
pressure in engineering units, the
52-MP outputs pressure relative to the
ocean surface (i.e., at the surface the
output pressure is 0 decibars).
The 52-MP uses the following equation
to convert psia to decibars:
Pressure (db) =
[pressure (psia) - 14.7] * 0.689476
Data Uploaded from Memory
Output format is dependent on the command used to upload the data. Each line
of data is ended with a carriage return and line feed.
Engineering Units in Decimal – DDs,f and DAs,f Command
Data is output in the order listed. There is a comma between each parameter.
Shown with each parameter are the number of digits and the placement of the
decimal point. Leading zeros are suppressed, except for one zero to the left of
the decimal point.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Conductivity (mmho/cm) = ccc.cccc
Temperature (°C, ITS-90) = ttt.tttt
Pressure (decibars) = ppppp.pp
Optional Oxygen (ml/l) = oo.oo (= 0.00 if SetDOInstalled=N)
Example: example scan = ccc.cccc,ttt.tttt,ppppp.pp,oo.oo
= 37.4277, 0.8070, 1665.66, 7.31
Conductivity (mmho/cm) = ccc.cccc = 37.4277
Temperature (°C, ITS-90) = ttt.tttt = 0.8070
Pressure (decibars) = ppppp.pp = 1665.66
Oxygen (ml/l) = oo.oo = 7.31
•
•
•
•
Engineering Units in Hexadecimal (but raw oxygen) –
DDHs,f and DAHs,f Command
Data is output in the order listed, with no spaces or commas between
parameters. Shown with each parameter are the number of digits, and how to
calculate the parameter from the data (use the decimal equivalent of the
hexadecimal data in the equations).
1.
2.
3.
4.
Conductivity (mmho/cm) = (ccccc / 10,000) – 0.5
If ccccc < 0.5 decimal, ccccc is set to 00000.
If ccccc > 95.0 decimal, ccccc is set to FFFFF.
Temperature (°C, ITS-90) = (ttttt / 10,000) – 5
If ttttt < -5 decimal, ttttt is set to 00000.
If ttttt > 35.0 decimal, ttttt is set to FFFFF.
Pressure (decibars) = (ppppp / 100) – 10
If ppppp < -10 decimal, ppppp is set to 00000.
If ppppp > 7000 decimal, ppppp is set to FFFFF.
Optional Oxygen (Hz) = oooo (= 0 if SetDOInstalled=N)
Example: example scan = ccccctttttpppppoooo
= 5C98D0E2D628E8E3056
•
•
•
•
Conductivity = ccccc = 5C98D (379277 decimal);
conductivity (mmho/cm) = (379277 / 10,000) – 0.5 = 37.4277
Temperature = ttttt = 0E2D6 (58070 decimal);
temperature (°C, ITS-90) = (58070 / 10,000) – 5 = 0.8070
Pressure = ppppp = 28E8E (167566 decimal);
pressure (decibars) = (167566 / 100) - 10 = 1665.66
Oxygen = oooo = 3056 (12374 decimal)
oxygen (Hz) = 12374
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Engineering Units in Binary (but raw oxygen) –
DDBs,f and DABs,f Command
Data is output in the order listed, with no spaces or commas between
parameters. Shown with each parameter are the number of digits, and how to
calculate the parameter from the data (use the decimal equivalent of the binary
data in the equations).
1.
2.
3.
4.
Conductivity (mmho/cm) = (ccc / 10,000) – 0.5
If ccc < 0.5 decimal, ccc is set to 00000 (hex).
If ccc > 95.0 decimal, ccc is set to FFFFF (hex).
Temperature (°C, ITS-90) = (ttt / 10,000) – 5
If ttt < -5 decimal, ttt is set to 00000 (hex).
If ttt > 35.0 decimal, ttt is set to FFFFF (hex).
Pressure (decibars) = (ppp / 100) – 10
If ppp < -10 decimal, ppp is set to 00000 (hex).
If ppp > 7000 decimal, ppp is set to FFFFF (hex).
Optional Oxygen (Hz) = oo (= 0 if SetDOInstalled=N)
Example: example scan = ccctttpppoo =
0000010111001001100011010000000011100010110101100000001010001110100011100011000001010110
•
•
•
•
Conductivity = ccc = 000001011100100110001101 (379277 decimal);
conductivity (mmho/cm) = (379277 / 10,000) – 0.5 = 37.4277
Temperature = ttt = 000000001110001011010110 (58070 decimal);
temperature (°C, ITS-90) = (58070 / 10,000) – 5 = 0.8070
Pressure = ppp = 000000101000111010001110 (166566 decimal);
pressure (decibars) = (167566 / 100) - 10 = 1665.66
Oxygen = oo = 0011000001010110 (12374 decimal)
oxygen (Hz) = 12374
Real-Time Data
Each line of data is ended with a carriage return and line feed.
Autonomous Sampling with OutputPressure=Y (real-time pressure in
engineering units) or TFP command
Shown is the number of digits and the placement of the decimal point. Leading
zeros are suppressed, except for one zero to the left of the decimal point.
Pressure (decibars) = ppppp.pp
Example: example scan = ppppp.pp = 1665.66
•
Pressure (decibars) = ppppp.pp = 1665.66
OutputSN=Y (real-time sample number)
Sample number = nnnnn
Example: sample number = nnnnn = 16689
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
OutputSN=Y and OutputPressure=Y
(real-time sample number and pressure in engineering units)
Data is output in the order listed. There is a comma between sample number
and pressure. Shown with each parameter are the number of digits and the
placement of the decimal point. Leading zeros are suppressed, except for one
zero to the left of the decimal point.
1.
2.
Sample number = nnnnn
Pressure (decibars) = ppppp.pp
example scan =nnnnn, ppppp.pp = 16689, 1665.66
•
•
Sample number = nnnnn = 16689
Pressure (decibars) = ppppp.pp = 1665.66
OutputCTDO=Y (real-time C, T, and P in engineering units, O in Hz)
Data is output in the order listed. There is a comma between each parameter.
Shown with each parameter are the number of digits and the placement of the
decimal point. Leading zeros are suppressed, except for one zero to the left of
the decimal point.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Conductivity (mmho/cm) = ccc.cccc
Temperature (°C, ITS-90) = ttt.tttt
Pressure (decibars) = ppppp.pp
Optional Oxygen (Hz) = ooooo.o (= 0.0 if SetDOInstalled=N)
Example: example scan = ccc.cccc,ttt.tttt,ppppp.pp,ooooo.o
= 35.4791, 6.9892, 182.25, 5134.8
•
•
•
•
Conductivity (mmho/cm) = ccc.cccc = 35.4791
Temperature (°C, ITS-90) = ttt.tttt = 6.9892
Pressure (decibars) = ppppp.pp = 182.25
Oxygen (Hz) = ooooo.o = 5134.8
OutputCTDORaw=Y (raw real-time C, T, P, and O)
Data is output in the order listed. There is a comma between each parameter.
Shown with each parameter are the number of digits and the placement of the
decimal point. Leading zeros are suppressed, except for one zero to the left of
the decimal point.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Conductivity (Hz) = cccc.ccc
Temperature (A/D counts) = tttttt.t
Pressure (A/D counts) = pppppp.p
Pressure temperature (A/D counts) = vvvvvv.v
Optional Oxygen (Hz) = ooooo.o (= 0.0 if SetDOInstalled=N)
Example: example scan = cccc.ccc, tttttt.t, pppppp.p, vvvvvv.v, ooooo.o
= 5970.384, 524372.4, 32768.0,
2690.0,
5138.3
•
•
•
•
•
Conductivity (Hz) = cccc.ccc = 5970.384
Temperature (A/D counts) = tttttt.t = 524372.4
Pressure (A/D counts) = pppppp.p = 32768.0
Pressure temperature (A/D counts) = vvvvvv.v = 2690.0
Oxygen (Hz) = ooooo.o = 5138.3
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Optimizing Data Quality
This section contains guidelines for obtaining the best quality data with the
SBE 52-MP. Some of these guidelines may conflict with the goals of a
particular application, but you should be aware of the tradeoffs of data quality
vs. mission goals.
SBE 52-MP Orientation
Recommended orientations were developed with the following goals:
•
Minimizing thermal contamination of water that flows past the sensors –
As the moored profiler passed through the water, it slightly warms the
water. If the 52-MP sensors pass through the water after the rest of the
moored profiler, it will measure the temperature of this warmed water
rather than the in situ temperature. Therefore, mount and orient the 52-MP
so that the sensor intake is at the leading edge of the moored profiler;
if you will be analyzing data from both upcasts and downcasts, this is not
possible to achieve. Alternatively, mount and orient the 52-MP so that the
sensor intake is at some (horizontal) distance from the main body of the
moored profiler.
•
Maintaining constant flow through plumbing by equalizing Bernoulli
pressures – Differential Bernoulli pressures on the intake and exhaust can
cause acceleration of water in the plumbing. Water acceleration in the
plumbing while sampling overrides the constant flow provided by the
pump, resulting in data that can be difficult to align because of changing
flow rates. Therefore, mount and orient the 52-MP so that the intake and
exhaust are on the same horizontal plane, equalizing Bernoulli pressures.
•
Maximizing effectiveness of anti-foulant devices by equalizing Bernoulli
pressures – The 52-MP’s plumbing U-shape is designed to stop water
flow between profiles, allowing minute amounts of anti-foulant to
concentrate inside the plumbing, and keeping the sensors clean. Bernoulli
pressures on the intake and exhaust can cause acceleration of water in the
plumbing between profiles, reducing the effectiveness of the anti-foulant.
Therefore, mount and orient the 52-MP so that the intake and exhaust are
on the same horizontal plane, equalizing Bernoulli pressures.
•
Achieving constant flow through plumbing by expelling initial air from
plumbing – The 52-MP’s pump is a magnetically coupled impeller type,
and is not self-priming. Optimal orientation for the 52-MP is vertical with
the U intake and exhaust at the top, or horizontal with the intake below the
exhaust, allowing air that is in the 52-MP while on deck to be quickly
expelled when it is submerged. If bubbles collect in the pump, it will fail
to prime. If bubbles collect in the conductivity cell and/or dissolved
oxygen plenum, the signals from those sensors will be in error. Failure
to allow a path for the air to escape may cause problems in the first 0 to
10 meters (depending on conditions, up to 30 meters) of data collection.
Beyond that depth, the bubbles usually collapse sufficiently for the system
to operate correctly. If doing deep profiles, air in the system may not be an
issue, because it will affect only the beginning of the very first downcast
in the deployment. If doing shallow profiles, air in the system may take up
to several days to dissipate if the 52-MP is not oriented properly, resulting
in several days of poor data at the beginning of the deployment.
Based on these goals, and whether you are interested in upcast or downcast
data, or both, Sea-Bird recommends the following orientations:
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Horizontal Orientation, Upcast and/or Downcast Data
If you plan to use the 52-MP to obtain both upcast and downcast data,
mount the 52-MP with a horizontal orientation. Orient the sensors as
described below:
•
Deep profiles: Orient the 52-MP with the temperature sting at the same
elevation as the plumbing sensor exhaust. With the intake and exhaust
on the same plane, Bernoulli pressures are equalized, minimizing
acceleration of water in the plumbing. While this orientation does not
provide an upward path to the system plumbing, it provides a neutral
path. The top 0 to up to 30 meters of data of the first downcast only is
suspect, because the pump may not operate properly until the air bubbles
collapse due to water pressure.
•
Shallow profiles: If the 52-MP is oriented so that air cannot be easily
expelled, the top 0 to 30 meters of data is suspect, because the pump may
not operate properly until the air bubbles collapse due to water pressure. If
the moored profiler is operating only at shallow depths, it may take days
for the air bubbles to completely dissipate on their own. Therefore, for
shallow profile applications, orient the 52-MP with the temperature sting
slightly below the plumbing exhaust; this orientation provides an
upward path from intake to exhaust, allowing air to be quickly expelled
during a brief soak below the surface, ensuring proper pump operation for
all casts. Although Bernoulli pressures are not equalized for this
orientation, the difference in elevation, and the resulting pressure
differential, is small.
Intake and
exhaust
at same
elevation
Intake
slightly
below
exhaust
Intake
Exhaust
Intake
For Deep Profiles
Exhaust
For Shallow Profiles
Although the 52-MP can obtain downcast data in a horizontal orientation,
the 52-MP’s commands were designed for obtaining upcast data. In particular,
the 52-MP automatically stops autonomous sampling when the measured
pressure is less than PCutoff= (i.e., PCutoff= defines the top of the upcast).
If sampling for a downcast, make sure to set PCutoff= above the top of the
cast, or the 52-MP will turn off immediately after sampling is started.
Example: You plan to sample on downcast, starting each profile at 5 decibars.
Set PCutoff=3 (decibars) to ensure proper operation.
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Exhaust
Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
Intake
SBE 52-MP
Vertical Orientation, Upcast Data Only
The 52-MP is designed for obtaining upcast data when deployed in a vertical,
sensors-up orientation. This orientation, with the intake and exhaust at the
same elevation, provides a U-shape to the plumbing, allowing air to leave the
system for optimal pump priming, and equalizing Bernoulli pressures on the
intake and exhaust.
Vertical Orientation, Downcast Data Only
The 52-MP can be used for obtaining downcast data when deployed in a
vertical, sensors-down orientation. This orientation, with an inverted U-shape
to the plumbing, makes it more difficult for air to leave the system. The top
0 to 30 meters of data is suspect because the pump may not be operating
properly until the air bubbles are collapsed due to water pressure. For
deployments where the 52-MP will be seeing many deep profiling cycles, the
issue of removal of air from the system for optimal pump performance may
not be critical; the 52-MP may be taking many tens or hundreds of profiles,
and only the data for the shallow part of the first profile would be affected by
air in the plumbing. If doing shallow profiles, air in the system may take up to
several days to completely dissipate on their own, resulting in several days of
poor data at the beginning of the deployment.
Upcast Data
Only
Intake
Exhaust
Although the 52-MP can obtain downcast data in this orientation, the 52-MP’s
commands were designed for obtaining upcast data. In particular, the 52-MP
automatically stops autonomous sampling when the measured pressure is less
than PCutoff= (i.e., PCutoff= defines the top of the upcast). If you are
sampling for a downcast, make sure to set PCutoff= above the top of
the cast, or the 52-MP will turn off immediately after sampling is started.
Example: You plan to sample on downcast, starting each profile at 5 decibars.
Set PCutoff=3 (decibars) to ensure proper operation.
Downcast Data
Only
Positioning Relative to Other Instruments
Position the 52-MP so that other instruments and hardware do not thermally
contaminate the water that flows past the sensors.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Deployment/Recovery Technique and Pump Operation
The 52-MP’s conductivity cell, Tygon tubing, DO sensor, and exhaust Tygon
tubing provides a U-shape to the system plumbing. The U-shape and the
52-MP’s good seals, combined with optimal pump operation, can prevent
surface oils and other contaminants from getting into the plumbing and
conductivity cell. These oils and contaminants are the primary cause of
calibration drift in conductivity sensors and dissolved oxygen sensors.
Exhaust
Intake
Proper deployment technique and pump operation to prevent intrusion of
surface oils and contaminants follows:
1.
On Deployment When not in use, store the 52-MP dry (see Section 5: Routine
Maintenance and Calibration). Fill the plumbing system (conductivity
cell, optional dissolved oxygen sensor, and exhaust plumbing) with clean
water just before deployment. Deploy the 52-MP without removing the
water, holding the 52-MP in a vertical orientation, sensors up. As the
52-MP breaks the surface, oils and other surface contaminants will float
on the water at the intake and exhaust, preventing contaminants from
getting into the plumbing and conductivity cell. Once the 52-MP is below
the contaminated water surface layer, orient the 52-MP as desired for
mounting on the moored profiler. When the controller sends the command
to turn the pump on, the 52-MP will expel any remaining water from the
system and draw in seawater.
2.
On Recovery Turn off the pump before the 52-MP reaches the surface (if sampling
autonomously, stop sampling to turn off the pump). Hold the 52-MP in a
vertical orientation, sensors up; seawater will be held in the U-shaped
plumbing. As the 52-MP breaks the surface, oils and other surface
contaminants will float on the seawater at the intake and exhaust,
preventing contaminants from getting into the plumbing and conductivity
cell. Turn over the 52-MP when it is on deck, emptying the seawater from
the conductivity cell and exhaust plumbing, so the oil floating on the
intake and exhaust surfaces does not get into the system.
Processing Data
Note:
Sea-Bird data processing software
is not compatible with data from the
52-MP. You must provide your own
data processing software.
Spiking is sometimes seen in the derived values for salinity, density, or sound
velocity. Spiking results largely from a response time mismatch of the
conductivity and temperature sensors, especially when the profiling rate is
non-uniform. The amount of spiking depends on the temperature gradient, and
is much worse when coupled surface motion causes the instrument to stop or even reverse - its vertical movement. When very heavy seas cause severe
buoy motion and result in periodic reversals of the instrument vertical
movement, the data set can be greatly improved by removing scans taken
when the pressure change (dP/dt) reverses. Note that corrections to the data
can only be accomplished if you have uploaded the full data set; bin
averaged data cannot be corrected.
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Deployment
CAUTIONS:
• Do not use WD-40 or other
petroleum-based lubricants, as
they will damage the connector.
• For wet-pluggable MCBH
connectors: Silicone lubricants
in a spray can may contain
ketones, esters, ethers, alcohols,
or glycols in their propellant. Do
not use these sprays, as they
will damage the connector.
Locking
sleeve
Oxygen sensor
cable or
dummy plug
When you are ready to deploy the 52-MP:
1.
Install the data I/O cable on the 52-MP:
A. Lightly lubricate the inside of the cable connector with silicone
grease (DC-4 or equivalent).
B. XSG Connector - Install the cable connector, aligning the raised
bump on the side of the cable connector with the large pin (pin 1 ground) on the 52-MP. Remove any trapped air by burping or gently
squeezing the connector near the top and moving your fingers toward
the 52-MP. OR
MCBH Connector – Install the cable connector, aligning the pins.
C. Place the locking sleeve over the cable connector and tighten it finger
tight only. Do not overtighten the locking sleeve and do not use a
wrench or pliers.
2.
Connect the other end of the I/O cable to the moored profiler’s controller
and power supply. See Dimensions and Connectors in Section 2:
Description of SBE 52-MP for pinout details.
3.
Mount the 52-MP to the moored profiler. Note that there is a 3/8-16 hole
in the sensor end cap, which may be used as a locator or mounting hole.
The hole has a plastic screw in it, for when the locator/mounting hole is
not used.
4.
Verify that the hardware and external fittings are secure.
• Without oxygen sensor: Verify that the dummy plug is installed in the
oxygen sensor bulkhead connector on the 52-MP sensor end cap.
• With oxygen sensor: Verify that the oxygen sensor cable is securely
attached to the oxygen sensor and to the 52-MP sensor end cap.
5.
(If plugs were placed on the end of the T-C Duct and exhaust to keep dust
and debris out of the system during storage) Remove the plugs from the
end of the T-C Duct and the pump exhaust.
6.
Install the moored profiler on the mooring. See Deployment/Recovery
Technique and Pump Operation in Optimizing Data Quality above for
Sea-Bird recommendations on orienting the SBE 52-MP during
deployment to minimize contamination of the conductivity cell and
oxygen sensor membrane with surface oils as it enters the water.
7.
When ready to begin a profile:
Apply power, send any character to wake up the 52-MP, and then send
StartProfile, StartProfileN, ResumeProfile, or ResumeProfileN to
begin sampling.
Cable
3/8-16 locator/
mount hole
Remove plug
from end of
exhaust
Remove
plug
from
end of
T-C Duct
Prior to deployment, program the 52-MP for the intended application
(see Command Descriptions above).
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Section 4: Deploying and Operating SBE 52-MP
SBE 52-MP
Recovery
WARNING!
If the 52-MP stops working while
underwater, is unresponsive to
commands, or shows other signs of
flooding or damage, carefully
secure it away from people until you
have determined that abnormal
internal pressure does not exist or
has been relieved. Pressure housings
may flood under pressure due to dirty
or damaged o-rings, or other failed
seals. When a sealed pressure
housing floods at great depths and is
subsequently raised to the surface,
water may be trapped at the pressure
at which it entered the housing,
presenting a danger if the housing is
opened before relieving the internal
pressure. Instances of such flooding
are rare. However, a housing that
floods at 5000 meters depth holds
an internal pressure of more than
7000 psia, and has the potential to
eject the end cap with lethal force.
A housing that floods at 50 meters
holds an internal pressure of more
then 85 psia; this force could still
cause injury.
If you suspect the 52-MP is flooded,
point it in a safe direction away from
people, and loosen the 4 screws on
the sensor end cap about ½ turn. If
there is internal pressure, the end cap
will follow the screws out, and the
screws will not become easier to turn.
In this event, loosen the bulkhead
connector (on the other end cap) very
slowly, at least 1 turn. This opens an
o-ring seal under the connector. Look
for signs of internal pressure (hissing
or water leak). If internal pressure is
detected, let it bleed off slowly past the
connector o-ring. Then, you can safely
remove the sensor end cap.
See Deployment/Recovery Technique and Pump Operation in Optimizing Data
Quality above for Sea-Bird recommendations on orienting the SBE 52-MP
during recovery to minimize contamination of the conductivity cell and
oxygen sensor membrane with surface oils.
Rinse the 52-MP with fresh water. See Section 5: Routine Maintenance and
Calibration for conductivity cell and dissolved oxygen sensor rinsing,
cleaning, and storage.
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Section 5: Routine Maintenance and Calibration
SBE 52-MP
Section 5:
Routine Maintenance and Calibration
This section reviews corrosion precautions, connector mating and
maintenance, conductivity cell storage and cleaning, pressure sensor
maintenance, oxygen sensor maintenance, replacing optional AF24173 AntiFoulant Devices, O-ring maintenance, and sensor calibration. The accuracy of
the SBE 52-MP is sustained by the care and calibration of the sensors and by
establishing proper handling practices.
Corrosion Precautions
Rinse the SBE 52-MP with fresh water after use and prior to storage.
All exposed materials are titanium or plastic. No corrosion precautions are
required, but direct electrical connection of the titanium to dissimilar metal
hardware should be avoided.
Connector Mating and Maintenance
Note:
See Application Note 57: Connector
Care and Cable Installation.
CAUTIONS:
• Do not use WD-40 or other
petroleum-based lubricants, as
they will damage the connector.
• For wet-pluggable MCBH
connectors: Silicone lubricants
in a spray can may contain
ketones, esters, ethers, alcohols,
or glycols in their propellant. Do
not use these sprays, as they
will damage the connector.
Locking
sleeve
I/O
cable/
dummy
plug
Oxygen sensor
cable locking
sleeve
Clean and inspect connectors, cables, and dummy plugs before every
deployment and as part of your yearly equipment maintenance. Inspect
connectors that are unmated for signs of corrosion product around the pins,
and for cuts, nicks or other flaws that may compromise the seal.
When remating:
1.
Lightly lubricate the inside of the dummy plug/cable connector with
silicone grease (DC-4 or equivalent).
2.
I/O Connector:
XSG-4-BCL-HP-SS Connector - Install the plug/cable connector,
aligning the raised bump on the side of the plug/cable connector with the
large pin (pin 1 - ground) on the 52-MP. Remove any trapped air by
burping or gently squeezing the plug/connector near the top and moving
your fingers toward the 52-MP. OR
MCBH-4MP(WB),TI Connector – Install the plug/cable connector,
aligning the pins.
3.
Oxygen Sensor (IE55 Impulse) Connector: Install the plug/cable
connector, aligning the pins.
4.
Place the locking sleeve over the plug/cable connector. Tighten the
locking sleeve finger tight only. Do not overtighten the locking sleeve
and do not use a wrench or pliers.
Verify that cables are installed before deployment.
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Section 5: Routine Maintenance and Calibration
SBE 52-MP
Conductivity Cell Maintenance
CAUTIONS:
• Do not put a brush or any object
inside the conductivity cell to
dry it or clean it. Touching and
bending the electrodes can
change the calibration. Large
bends and movement of the
electrodes can damage the cell.
• Do not store the 52-MP with
water in the conductivity cell.
Freezing temperatures (for
example, in Arctic environments or
during air shipment) can break the
cell if it is full of water.
The SBE 52-MP’s conductivity cell is shipped dry to prevent freezing in
shipping. Refer to Application Note 2D: Instructions for Care and Cleaning of
Conductivity Cells for rinsing, cleaning, and storage procedures and materials.
Pressure Sensor Maintenance
Pressure sensor
port plug
The pressure port plug has a small vent hole to allow hydrostatic pressure to be
transmitted to the pressure sensor inside the instrument, while providing
protection for the pressure sensor, keeping most particles and debris out of the
pressure port.
Periodically (approximately once a year) inspect the pressure port to remove
any particles, debris, etc:
CAUTION:
Do not put a brush or any object
in the pressure port. Doing so
may damage or break the
pressure sensor.
1.
Unscrew the pressure port plug from the pressure port.
2.
Rinse the pressure port with warm, de-ionized water to remove any
particles, debris, etc.
3.
Replace the pressure port plug.
Oxygen Sensor Maintenance
CAUTIONS:
• Do not use a brush or any
object on the oxygen sensor
membrane to clean it, as you
may tear it.
• Do not store the 52-MP with
water in the oxygen sensor
plenum. Freezing temperatures
(for example, in Arctic
environments or during air
shipment) can tear the membrane
if the plenum is full of water.
Refer to Application Note 64: Dissolved Oxygen Sensor – Background
Information, Deployment Recommendations, and Cleaning and Storage
for rinsing, cleaning, and storage procedures and materials for the optional
oxygen sensor.
Oxygen
sensor
plenum
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Section 5: Routine Maintenance and Calibration
SBE 52-MP
Replacing Optional Anti-Foulant Devices – Mechanical Design Change
The T-C Duct also serves as the anti-foulant device intake fitting.
Base
Top
T-C Duct /
Anti-foulant device
intake top & base
Exhaust
The following two pages, developed for an SBE 49 FastCAT, provide details
on replacing the Anti-Foulant Devices. Note the following changes for the
SBE 52-MP:
• The photos and Steps 1 – 4 and 7 – 9 in Anti-Foulant Device in T-C Duct
Assembly are not applicable; see the revised photos and details below.
• The photo in Anti-Foulant Device in Pump Exhaust Tubing is not
applicable; see the photos below for the location of the anti-foulant device
exhaust cup and cap on the 52-MP.
Anti-foulant device exhaust cup & cap
Exhaust
52-MP without DO Sensor
Anti-foulant device exhaust cup & cap
52-MP with DO Sensor
Removing T-C Duct Top (replaces Steps 1 – 4)
A. Remove the protective plug (if installed) from the end of the T-C duct.
B. Remove the four small Phillips-head screws with o-rings securing the T-C
Duct top to the T-C Duct base.
C. Carefully pull the T-C Duct top straight out – do not apply any sideways
motion or you may damage the temperature sting.
Remove
plug
from
end of
T-C Duct
Temperature
sting
Replacing T-C Duct Top (replaces Steps 7 – 9)
D. Carefully replace the T-C Duct top on the base, reinstalling the four small
Phillips-head screws and O-rings.
E. If the FastCAT is to be stored, reinstall the protective plug in the T-C
duct. Note that the plugs must be removed prior to deployment or
pressurization. If the plugs are left in place during deployment, the cell
will not register conductivity. If left in place during pressurization, the cell
may be destroyed.
Phillips-head
screws (4) and
O-rings, shown
partially
removed
Temperature
sting
T-C Duct Base remains attached
and sealed to top of conductivity
cell - do not remove
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Section 5: Routine Maintenance and Calibration
SBE 52-MP
Replacing Optional Anti-Foulant Devices (SBE 49)
AF24173
Anti-Foulant
Device
As an option, the SBE 49 is supplied with anti-foulant device fittings and AntiFoulant Devices. The Anti-Foulant Devices are installed:
•
in the T-C Duct assembly;
•
in the anti-foulant device cup and cap (part of the external pump exhaust
tubing).
Wearing rubber or latex gloves, follow this procedure to replace each AntiFoulant Device (two):
WARNING!
AF24173 Anti-Foulant Devices
contain bis(tributyltin) oxide. Handle
the devices only with rubber or latex
gloves. Wear eye protection. Wash
with soap and water after handling.
Read precautionary information on
product label (see Appendix IV)
before proceeding.
It is a violation of US Federal Law to
use this product in a manner
inconsistent with its labeling.
T-C Duct
Top
Base
Conductivity
cell
Temperature
sting
Anti-Foulant Device in T-C Duct Assembly
1.
Remove the large screw securing the T-C Duct to the mast.
2.
Gently pull the T-C Duct straight out - you will feel some resistance as the
seals disengage. Do not twist the T-C Duct or apply any sideways
motion, or you may damage the conductivity cell.
3.
Remove the two small Phillips-head screws securing the T-C Duct top to
the T-C Duct base.
4.
Pull the T-C Duct top off of the base.
5.
Remove the old Anti-Foulant Device. If the old device is difficult to
remove, use needle-nose pliers and carefully break up material.
6.
Place the new Anti-Foulant Device in the T-C Duct base.
7.
Replace the T-C Duct top on the base, reinstalling the two small Phillipshead screws.
8.
Carefully slide the T-C Duct assembly over the temperature sting,
aligning the large screw hole with the screw hole in the mast. Push the
assembly onto the end of the conductivity cell - you will feel some
resistance as the seals engage. Do not twist the T-C Duct or apply any
sideways motion, or you may damage the conductivity cell.
9.
Reinstall the large screw to secure the assembly to the mast.
Mast
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Section 5: Routine Maintenance and Calibration
SBE 52-MP
Anti-Foulant Device in Pump Exhaust Tubing
1.
Carefully cut the cable tie securing the Tygon tubing to the anti-foulant
device cap. Slip the Tygon tubing off of the anti-foulant device cap.
2.
Unscrew the cap with a socket wrench.
3.
Remove the old Anti-Foulant Device. If the old device is difficult to
remove, use needle-nose pliers and carefully break up material.
4.
Place the new Anti-Foulant Device in the cup.
5.
Rethread the cap onto the cup. Do not over tighten.
6.
Slip the Tygon tubing back onto the cap. Secure with a new cable tie.
Anti-foulant device
cup holds AntiFoulant Device
Cut cable tie and slip
Tygon tubing off of antifoulant device cap
Unscrew anti-foulant
device cap from antifoulant device cup
O-Ring Maintenance
Note:
For details on recommended practices
for cleaning, handling, lubricating, and
installing O-rings, see the Basic
Maintenance of Sea-Bird Equipment
module in the Sea-Bird training
materials on our website.
CAUTION:
Do not use Parker O-Lube, which
is petroleum based; use only
Super O-Lube.
O-rings on the SBE 52-MP are typically only disturbed if it is necessary to
open the housing for diagnosis and/or repair of an electronics malfunction.
Sea-Bird recommends that the O-rings be inspected and replaced
approximately every 3 to 5 years.
Remove any water from the O-rings and mating surfaces in the housing with a
lint-free cloth or tissue. Inspect O-rings and mating surfaces for dirt, nicks, and
cuts. Clean or replace as necessary. Apply a light coat of O-ring lubricant
(Parker Super O Lube) to O-rings and mating surfaces.
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Section 5: Routine Maintenance and Calibration
SBE 52-MP
Sensor Calibration
Note:
After recalibration, Sea-Bird enters
the new conductivity, temperature,
pressure, and optional oxygen
calibration coefficients in the
52-MP’s EEPROM, and ships the
instrument back to the user with
Calibration Certificates showing
the new coefficients.
Sea-Bird sensors are calibrated by subjecting them to known physical
conditions and measuring the sensor responses. Coefficients are then
computed, which may be used with appropriate algorithms to obtain
engineering units. The conductivity, temperature, pressure, and optional
oxygen sensors on the SBE 52-MP are supplied fully calibrated, with
coefficients stored in EEPROM in the 52-MP and printed on their respective
Calibration Certificates.
We recommend that the 52-MP be returned to Sea-Bird for calibration.
Conductivity Sensor Calibration
The conductivity sensor incorporates a fixed precision resistor in parallel with
the cell. When the cell is dry and in air, the sensor’s electrical circuitry outputs
a frequency representative of the fixed resistor. This frequency is recorded on
the Calibration Certificate and should remain stable (within 1 Hz) over time.
The primary mechanism for calibration drift in conductivity sensors is the
fouling of the cell by chemical or biological deposits. Fouling changes the cell
geometry, resulting in a shift in cell constant.
Accordingly, the most important determinant of long-term sensor accuracy is
the cleanliness of the cell. We recommend that the conductivity sensor be
calibrated before and after deployment, but particularly when the cell has been
exposed to contamination by oil slicks or biological material.
Temperature Sensor Calibration
The primary source of temperature sensor calibration drift is the aging of the
thermistor element. Sensor drift will usually be a few thousandths of a degree
during the first year, and less in subsequent intervals. Sensor drift is not
substantially dependent upon the environmental conditions of use, and —
unlike platinum or copper elements — the thermistor is insensitive to shock.
Pressure Sensor Calibration
The 52-MP’s strain-gauge pressure sensor is capable of meeting the
52-MP’s error specification with some allowance for aging and ambienttemperature induced drift.
Pressure sensors show most of their error as a linear offset from zero. A
technique is provided below for making small corrections to the pressure sensor
calibration using the offset (POffset=) calibration coefficient term by comparing
52-MP pressure output to readings from a barometer.
Allow the 52-MP to equilibrate (with power on) in a reasonably constant
temperature environment for at least 5 hours before starting. Pressure sensors
exhibit a transient change in their output in response to changes in their
environmental temperature. Sea-Bird instruments are constructed to minimize
this by thermally decoupling the sensor from the body of the instrument.
However, there is still some residual effect; allowing the 52-MP to equilibrate
before starting will provide the most accurate calibration correction.
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Note:
The 52-MP’s pressure sensor is an
absolute sensor, so its raw output
includes the effect of atmospheric
pressure (14.7 psi). As shown on the
Calibration Sheet, Sea-Bird’s
calibration (and resulting calibration
coefficients) is in terms of psia.
However, when outputting pressure in
engineering units, the 52-MP outputs
pressure relative to the ocean surface
(i.e., at the surface the output pressure
is 0 decibars). The 52-MP uses the
following equation to convert psia
to decibars:
Pressure (db) =
[pressure (psia) - 14.7] * 0.689476
Section 5: Routine Maintenance and Calibration
SBE 52-MP
1.
Place the 52-MP in the orientation it will have when deployed.
2.
In Seaterm:
A. Set the pressure offset to 0.0 (POffset=0).
B. Send TP to measure the 52-MP pressure 100 times and transmit
converted data in engineering units (decibars).
3.
Compare the 52-MP output to the reading from a good barometer at the
same elevation as the 52-MP’s pressure sensor.
Calculate offset = barometer reading – 52-MP reading
4.
Enter calculated offset (positive or negative) in the 52-MP’s EEPROM,
using POffset= in Seaterm.
Offset Correction Example
Absolute pressure measured by a barometer is 1010.50 mbar. Pressure displayed from 52-MP is -2.5 db.
Convert barometer reading to decibars using the relationship: mbar * 0.01 = db
Barometer reading = 1010.50 mbar * 0.01 = 10.1050 db
The 52-MP’s internal calculations and our processing software output gage pressure, using an assumed value of
14.7 psi for atmospheric pressure. Convert 52-MP reading from gage to absolute by adding
14.7 psia to the 52-MP’s output:
-2.5 db + (14.7 psi * 0.689476 db/psia) = -2.5 + 10.13 = 7.635 db
Offset = 10.1050 – 7.635 = + 2.47 db
Enter offset in 52-MP.
For demanding applications, or where the sensor’s air ambient pressure
response has changed significantly, calibration using a dead-weight generator
is recommended. This provides more accurate results, but requires equipment
that may not be readily available. The end cap’s 7/16-20 straight thread permits
mechanical connection to the pressure source. Use a fitting that has an O-ring
tapered seal, such as Swagelok-200-1-4ST, which conforms to MS16142 boss.
Oxygen Sensor Calibration
The optional oxygen sensor measures the flux of oxygen across a Teflon
membrane. The primary mechanism for calibration drift is the fouling of the
membrane by chemical or biological deposits. Fouling changes the membrane
permeability, resulting in a calibration shift. Accordingly, the most important
determinant of long-term sensor accuracy is the cleanliness of the membrane.
We recommend that the oxygen sensor be calibrated before and after
deployment, but particularly when the sensor has been exposed to
contamination by oil slicks or biological material.
A technique is provided in Application Note 64-2: Dissolved Oxygen Sensor
Calibration and Data Corrections using Winkler Titrations for making small
corrections to the oxygen sensor calibration by comparing oxygen output to
Winkler titrations from water samples. This application note was written for an
SBE 43 Dissolved Oxygen Sensor, a voltage output sensor, incorporated with a
profiling CTD integrated with a water sampler. However, the basic technique
can be adapted for use with the 52-MP, which incorporates the SBE 43F, a
frequency output version of the SBE 43.
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Section 6: Troubleshooting
SBE 52-MP
Section 6: Troubleshooting
This section reviews common problems in operating the SBE 52-MP, and
provides the most likely causes and solutions.
Problem 1: Unable to Communicate with SBE 52-MP in Seaterm (terminal program)
Note:
Seaterm can be used to set up
the 52-MP only If you have a
52-MP with an RS-232 interface
or are using a logic level to
RS-232 converter with a 52-MP
with a logic level interface.
The S> prompt indicates that communications between the 52-MP and
computer have been established. Before proceeding with troubleshooting,
attempt to establish communications again by clicking Connect on Seaterm’s
toolbar or sending any character.
Cause/Solution 1: The I/O cable connection may be loose. Check the cabling
between the 52-MP and computer for a loose connection.
Cause/Solution 2: The instrument type and/or its communication settings may
not have been entered correctly in Seaterm. Select SBE 49 in the Configure
menu and verify the settings in the Configuration Options dialog box (baud
rate must be 9600 to communicate with 52-MP). The settings should match
those on the instrument Configuration Sheet in the manual.
Cause/Solution 3: The I/O cable may not be the correct one or may not be
wired properly to the controller. See Dimensions and Connectors in
Section 2: Description of SBE 52-MP for pinout details.
Problem 2: Unreasonable Data
The symptom of this problem is data that contains unreasonable values (for
example, values that are outside the expected range of the data).
Cause/Solution 1: Conductivity, temperature, pressure, or optional oxygen
data with unreasonable values may be caused by incorrect calibration
coefficients in the instrument’s EEPROM. Verify the calibration coefficients
in EEPROM match the instrument Calibration Certificates, using the
DC command.
Problem 3: Salinity Lower than Expected
Cause/Solution 1: A fouled conductivity cell will report lower than correct
salinity. Large errors in salinity indicate that the cell is extremely dirty, has
something large lodged in it, or is broken. Proceed as follows:
1. Clean the conductivity cell as described in Application Note 2D:
Instructions for Care and Cleaning of Conductivity Cells.
2. Remove larger droplets of water by blowing through the conductivity cell.
Do not use compressed air, which typically contains oil vapor.
3. Running the 52-MP in air, use the TCR command to look at the raw
conductivity frequency. It should be within 1 Hz of the zero conductivity
value printed on the conductivity cell Calibration Sheet. If it is
significantly different, the cell is probably damaged.
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Glossary
SBE 52-MP
Glossary
SBE 52-MP – High-accuracy conductivity, temperature, pressure, and
optional dissolved oxygen sensor.
Fouling – Biological growth in the conductivity cell during deployment.
PCB – Printed Circuit Board.
Scan – One data sample containing temperature, conductivity, pressure,
and optional oxygen.
Note:
All Sea-Bird software listed was
designed to work with a computer
running Windows XP service pack 2
or later, Windows Vista, or
Windows 7 (32-bit or 64-bit).
CAUTION:
Do not use Parker O-Lube, which
is petroleum based; use only
Super O-Lube.
Seasoft V2 – Sea-Bird’s complete Windows software package, which
includes software for communication, real-time data acquisition, and data
analysis and display. Seasoft V2 includes Seaterm, SeatermAF, Seasave,
SBE Data Processing, and Plot39. Note that the real-time data acquisition and
data analysis and display software is not compatible with the SBE 52-MP.
Seaterm – Sea-Bird’s Windows terminal program used to communicate with
the SBE 52-MP. Note that Seaterm can be used to set up the 52-MP only if:
• You are using a logic level to RS-232 converter with a 52-MP with logic
level interface, or
• You are using a 52-MP with an RS-232 interface.
Super O-Lube – Silicone lubricant used to lubricate O-rings and O-ring
mating surfaces. Super O-lube can be ordered from Sea-Bird, but should also
be available locally from distributors. Super O-Lube is manufactured by
Parker Hannifin (www.parker.com/ead/cm2.asp?cmid=3956).
Triton X-100 – Reagent grade non-ionic surfactant (detergent), used for
cleaning the conductivity cell. Triton can be ordered from Sea-Bird, but should
also be available locally from chemical supply or laboratory products
companies. Triton is manufactured by Avantor Performance Materials
(www.avantormaterials.com/commerce/product.aspx?id=2147509608).
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Appendix I: Functional Description and Circuitry
SBE 52-MP
Appendix I:
Functional Description and Circuitry
Sensors
The SBE 52-MP embodies the same temperature and conductivity sensor
elements (3-electrode, 2-terminal, borosilicate glass cell, and pressureprotected thermistor) previously employed in Sea-Bird’s MicroCAT and
Argo Float products.
The pressure sensor is a strain-gauge sensor, available in eight full scale
ranges from 20 to 7000 decibars.
The optional oxygen sensor is the SBE 43F, a frequency-output version of the
SBE 43 Dissolved Oxygen Sensor (voltage output sensor).
Sensor Interface
Temperature is acquired by applying an AC excitation to a bridge circuit
containing an ultra-stable aged thermistor with a drift rate of less than 0.002 ºC
per year. The other elements in the bridge are VISHAY precision resistors.
A 24-bit A/D converter digitizes the output of the bridge. AC excitation and
ratiometric comparison avoids errors caused by parasitic thermocouples, offset
voltages, leakage currents, and reference errors.
Conductivity is acquired using an ultra-precision Wien-Bridge oscillator to
generate a frequency output in response to changes in conductivity.
Strain-gauge pressure is acquired by applying an AC excitation to the
pressure bridge. A 24-bit A/D converter digitizes the output of the bridge.
AC excitation and ratiometric comparison avoids errors caused by parasitic
thermocouples, offset voltages, leakage currents, and reference errors.
A silicon diode embedded in the pressure bridge is used to measure the
temperature of the pressure bridge. This temperature is used to perform offset
and span corrections on the measured pressure signal.
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Appendix II: Electronics Disassembly/Reassembly
SBE 52-MP
Appendix II:
Electronics Disassembly/Reassembly
Sea-Bird provides a jackscrew kit with the SBE 52-MP, to assist in removal of
the sensor end cap. The kit contains:
• 2 Allen wrenches
• 3 jackscrews
• 2 spare plastic socket hex-head screws
Jackscrew kit
Plastic hex-head
screw (3)
Titanium
hex-head
screw (4)
Verify that all data in memory has been uploaded before you remove power
from the 52-MP; when power is removed, data stored in memory is lost.
The 52-MP should retain the user-input parameters; however, as a precaution,
send the status command (DS) before you begin to have a record of the setup.
Disassembly
Remove the sensor end cap and attached electronics PCB assembly as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Note:
Before delivery, a desiccant package
is placed in the housing, and the
electronics chamber is filled with dry
Argon gas. These measures help
prevent condensation. To ensure
proper functioning:
1. Install a new desiccant bag each
time you open the housing. If a new
bag is not available, see Application
Note 71: Desiccant Use and
Regeneration (drying).
2. If possible, dry gas backfill each
time you open the housing. If you
cannot, wait at least 24 hours
before redeploying, to allow the
desiccant to remove any moisture
from the housing.
Wipe the outside of the end cap and housing dry, being careful to remove
any water at the seam between them.
Remove the 4 titanium hex-head screws securing the sensor end cap to
the housing.
Remove the 3 plastic hex-head screws from the end cap using the larger
Allen wrench. Insert the three jackscrews in these three holes in the end
cap. When you begin to feel resistance, use the smaller Allen wrench to
continue turning the screws. Turn each screw 1/2 turn at a time. As you
turn the jackscrews, the end cap will push away from the housing. When
the end cap is loosened, pull it and the PCB assembly out of the housing.
Remove any water from the O-rings and mating surfaces inside the
housing with a lint-free cloth or tissue.
Disconnect the Molex connector connecting the PCB assembly to
the data I/O bulkhead connector.
Be careful to protect the O-rings from damage or contamination.
Reassembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Remove any water from the end cap O-rings and mating surfaces in the
housing with a lint-free cloth or tissue. Inspect the O-rings and mating
surfaces for dirt, nicks, and cuts. Clean or replace as necessary. Apply a
light coat of O-ring lubricant (Parker Super O Lube) to the O-rings and
mating surfaces.
Reconnect the Molex connector to the data I/O bulkhead connector.
Verify the connector holds and pins are properly aligned.
Carefully fit the PCB assembly into the housing, aligning the holes in the
end cap and housing.
Reinstall the 4 titanium hex-head screws to secure the end cap to the
housing.
Reinstall the 3 plastic hex head screws in the end cap.
No user-programmable setup parameters should have been affected by the
electronics disassembly (send DS to verify).
CAUTION:
Do not use Parker O-Lube, which
is petroleum based; use only
Super O-Lube.
56
Manual revision 011
Appendix III: Command Summary
SBE 52-MP
Appendix III: Command Summary
CATEGORY
Status
COMMAND
DS
SetDOInstalled=x
PCutoff=x
OverWriteMem=x
Setup
InitProfile
OxMultiplier=x
QS
OutputPressure=x
OutputSN=x
Real-Time
Output
OutputCTDO=x
OutputCTDORaw=x
AutoBinAvg=x
BinAverage
Top_Bin_Interval=x
Bin
Averaging
DESCRIPTION
Display status and setup parameters.
x=Y: DO sensor is installed.
x=N: DO sensor is not installed; 52-MP outputs all
zeroes for DO data.
x= pressure cutoff (db). 52-MP automatically stops
autonomous sampling when pressure < PCutoff.
x=Y: Reset sample number and bin number to 0
when memory fills. 52-MP continues autonomous
sampling, and overwrites earlier data in memory.
x=N: Do not. 52-MP automatically stops autonomous
sampling when memory fills.
Do not use unless all previous data has been
uploaded. InitProfile sets sample number for first
sample to 0 and bin number for first bin to 0. Resets
52-MP to start saving data to beginning of memory,
overwriting previous data in memory and making
entire memory available for recording.
x= oxygen sensor frequency multiplier, 0 - 4.0.
Typical approximately 0.25. Multiplies measured
frequency by factor to convert to sensor output. See
configuration sheet for value for your instrument.
Quit session and place 52-MP in quiescent (sleep)
state. Power to digital and analog electronics is
turned off. Memory retention is not affected.
x=Y: Output real-time pressure while sampling.
x= N: Do not.
x=Y: Output real-time sample number while
sampling.
x= N: Do not.
x=Y: Output real-time C, T, and P in engineering
units, and oxygen frequency, while sampling.
x=N: Do not.
x=Y: Output real-time C, T, P, pressure temperature,
and oxygen in raw sensor units while sampling.
x=N: Do not.
x=Y: Automatically average data into bins when
autonomous sampling stopped because P < PCutoff.
x= N: Do not.
Average stored data into bins now. Send StopProfile
to stop autonomous sampling before sending this
command.
x= bin center spacing for top section (db).
Top_Bin_Size=x
x= top section bin size (db). Scans from bin center to
± Top_Bin_Size/2 are included in data for bin.
Top_Bin_Max=x
x= maximum pressure for top section (db).
Middle_Bin_Interval=x
x= bin center spacing for middle section (db).
Middle_Bin_Size=x
x= middle section bin size (db). Scans from bin
center to ± Middle_Bin_Size/2 are included in data
for bin.
Middle_Bin_Max=x
x= maximum pressure for middle section (db).
Bottom_Bin_Interval=x
x= bin center spacing for bottom section (db).
Bottom_Bin_Size=x
IncludeTransitionBin=x
57
x= bottom section bin size (db). Scans from bin
center to ± Bottom_Bin_Size/2 are included in data
for bin.
x=Y: Calculate transition bin between top and
middle, and between middle and bottom.
x= N: Do not.
Manual revision 011
Appendix III: Command Summary
CATEGORY
COMMAND
StartProfile
StartProfileN
Autonomous
Sampling
ResumeProfile
ResumeProfileN
StopProfile
SLP
DTDP
Fast Pressure
TFP
DDN
DDs,f
DDHs,f
DDBs,f
Data Upload
DAN
NBin
DAs,f
DAHs,f
DABs,f
PTS
Polled
Sampling
TS
TSR
FP
58
SBE 52-MP
DESCRIPTION
Do not use unless all data has been uploaded. Set
sample number for first sample to 0 and bin number
for first bin to 0 (start saving data to beginning of
memory, overwriting previous data and making entire
memory available for recording), start pump, and
start autonomous sampling.
Do not use unless all data has been uploaded. Set
sample number for first sample to 0 and bin number
for first bin to 0 (start saving data to beginning of
memory, overwriting previous data and making entire
memory available for recording), start pump and let
pump run for N seconds, and then (with pump
continuing to run) start autonomous sampling.
Start pump and start autonomous sampling; new data
is stored to memory after previously saved data.
Start pump and let run for N seconds, then (with
pump running) start autonomous sampling; new data
is stored to memory after previously saved data.
Stop pump and autonomous sampling. Press Enter
key to get S> prompt before sending command.
Send last sample of pressure data from memory in
ASCII engineering units, while autonomous sampling
is in progress.
Transmit last calculated value for dt/dp.
Measure pressure at approximately 4 Hz
(0.25 seconds/sample), transmit converted data (db).
Press Esc key or Stop on Toolbar to stop sampling.
Display number of samples (unaveraged) in memory
(up to 5 characters followed by carriage return and
line feed).
Upload all data (unaveraged) from sample s to f, in
ASCII engineering units. If s,f omitted, all data
uploaded. First sample number is 0.
Upload all data (unaveraged) from sample s to f, in
Hex. If s,f omitted, all data uploaded. First sample
number is 0.
Upload all data (unaveraged) from sample s to f, in
binary. If s,f omitted, all data uploaded. First sample
number is 0.
Display number of averaged bins in memory (up to 4
characters followed by carriage return and line feed).
Display number of averaged bins in memory (label
plus up to 4 characters followed by carriage return
and line feed).
Upload bin averaged data from bin s to f, in ASCII
engineering units. If s,f omitted, all data uploaded.
First bin number is 0.
Upload bin averaged data from bin s to f, in Hex. If
s,f omitted, all data uploaded. First bin number is 0.
Upload bin averaged data from bin s to f, in binary.
If s,f omitted, all data uploaded. First bin number
is 0.
Run pump; take 1 sample of all parameters; transmit
data in ASCII engineering units; turn pump off.
Length of time that pump runs is dependent on
T and P.
Take 1 sample of all parameters; transmit data in
ASCII engineering units. Does not run pump before
sampling. If desired, send a pump command before
and after sending TS, to turn pump on and off.
Take 1 sample of all parameters; transmit raw data in
ASCII. Does not run pump before sampling. If
desired, send a pump command before and after
sending TSR, to turn pump on and off.
Take 1 sample of pressure, and transmit data in
ASCII engineering units (db).
Manual revision 011
Appendix III: Command Summary
CATEGORY
COMMAND
PumpFast
PumpSlow
PumpOff
TC
TT
TP
TCR
TTR
TPR
DESCRIPTION
Turn pump on (pump runs at fast speed for
2.5 seconds, then runs at slow speed).
Turn pump on at fast speed.
Turn pump on at slow speed.
Turn pump off.
Measure conductivity, transmit converted data.
Measure temperature, transmit converted data.
Measure pressure, transmit converted data.
Measure conductivity, transmit raw data
Measure temperature, transmit raw data.
Measure pressure, transmit raw data.
TO or TOR
Measure oxygen, transmit raw data.
PumpOn
Pump
Testing
Takes and
outputs
100 samples
for each test.
Press Esc key
or Stop on
Toolbar to
stop test.
DC
Coefficients
(F=floating
point number;
S=string with
no spaces)
Dates shown
are when
calibrations
were
performed.
Calibration
coefficients
are initially
factory-set and
should agree
with
Calibration
Certificates
shipped with
52-MP.
SBE 52-MP
TCalDate=S
TAO=F
TA1=F
TA2=F
TA3=F
CCalDate=S
CG=F
CH=F
CI=F
CJ=F
CPCor=F
CTCor=F
WBOTC=F
PCalDate=S
PA0=F
PA1=F
PA2=F
PTCA0=F
PTCA1=F
PTCA2=F
PTCB0=F
PTCB1=F
PTCB2=F
PTHA0=F
PTHA1=F
PTHA2=F
POffset=F
OCalDate=S
OXSOC=F
OXFOF=F
OXA=F
OXB=F
OXC=F
OXE=F
ResetOffset
59
Display calibration coefficients; all coefficients and
dates listed below are included in display. Use
individual commands below to modify a particular
coefficient or date.
S=Temperature calibration date.
F=Temperature A0.
F=Temperature A1.
F=Temperature A2.
F=Temperature A3.
S=Conductivity calibration date.
F=Conductivity G.
F=Conductivity H.
F=Conductivity I.
F=Conductivity J.
F=Conductivity pcor.
F=Conductivity tcor.
F=Conductivity circuit temperature correction.
S=Pressure calibration date.
F=Pressure A0.
F=Pressure A1.
F=Pressure A2.
F=Pressure temperature compensation ptca0.
F=Pressure temperature compensation ptca1.
F=Pressure temperature compensation ptca2.
F=Pressure temperature compensation ptcb0.
F=Pressure temperature compensation ptcb1.
F=Pressure temperature compensation ptcb2.
F=Pressure temperature A0.
F=Pressure temperature A1.
F=Pressure temperature A2.
F=Pressure offset correction (decibars).
S=Oxygen calibration date.
F=Oxygen SOC.
F=Oxygen F offset.
F=Oxygen A.
F=Oxygen B.
F=Oxygen C.
F=Oxygen E.
Sample pressure for 1 minute. Convert raw pressures
to db, and calculate average. Set POffset= to sum of
existing POffset and calculated average.
Manual revision 011
Appendix IV: AF24173 Anti-Foulant Device
SBE 52-MP
Appendix IV: AF24173 Anti-Foulant Device
AF24173 Anti-Foulant Devices supplied for user replacement are supplied in
polyethylene bags displaying the following label:
AF24173 ANTI-FOULANT DEVICE
FOR USE ONLY IN SEA-BIRD ELECTRONICS' CONDUCTIVITY SENSORS TO CONTROL THE GROWTH OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS
WITHIN ELECTRONIC CONDUCTIVITY SENSORS.
ACTIVE INGREDIENT:
Bis(tributyltin) oxide…………..………………………….....
OTHER INGREDIENTS: ……………………………….....
Total……………………………………………………….....
53.0%
47.0%
100.0%
DANGER
See the complete label within the Conductivity Instrument Manual for Additional Precautionary Statements and Information on the Handling, Storage, and
Disposal of this Product.
Net Contents: Two anti-foulant devices
Sea-Bird Electronics, Inc.
13431 NE 20th Street
Bellevue, WA 98005
EPA Registration No. 74489-1
EPA Establishment No. 74489-WA-1
60
Manual revision 011
Appendix IV: AF24173 Anti-Foulant Device
SBE 52-MP
AF24173 Anti-Foulant Device
FOR USE ONLY IN SEA-BIRD ELECTRONICS’ CONDUCTIVITY SENSORS TO CONTROL
THE GROWTH OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS WITHIN ELECTRONIC CONDUCTIVITY
SENSORS.
ACTIVE INGREDIENT:
Bis(tributyltin) oxide…………..…………………………..... 53.0%
OTHER INGREDIENTS: ………………………………..... 47.0%
Total………………………………………………………..... 100.0%
DANGER
See Precautionary Statements for additional information.
If on skin or
clothing
If swallowed
If in eyes
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
HOT LINE NUMBER
•
FIRST AID
Take off contaminated clothing.
Rinse skin immediately with plenty of water for15-20 minutes.
Call a poison control center or doctor for treatment advice.
Call poison control center or doctor immediately for treatment advice.
Have person drink several glasses of water.
Do not induce vomiting.
Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
Hold eye open and rinse slowly and gently with water for 15-20
minutes.
Remove contact lenses, if present, after the first 5 minutes, then continue
rinsing eye.
Call a poison control center or doctor for treatment advice.
Note to Physician Probable mucosal damage may contraindicate the use of gastric lavage.
Have the product container or label with you when calling a poison control center or doctor, or
going for treatment. For further information call National Pesticide Telecommunications
Network (NPTN) at 1-800-858-7378.
Net Contents: Two anti-foulant devices
Sea-Bird Electronics, Inc.
13431 NE 20th Street
Bellevue, WA 98005
EPA Registration No. 74489-1
EPA Establishment No. 74489-WA-1
61
Manual revision 011
Appendix IV: AF24173 Anti-Foulant Device
SBE 52-MP
PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS
HAZARD TO HUMANS AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS
DANGER
Corrosive - Causes irreversible eye damage and skin burns. Harmful if swallowed. Harmful if
absorbed through the skin or inhaled. Prolonged or frequently repeated contact may cause allergic
reactions in some individuals. Wash thoroughly with soap and water after handling.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
USER SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS
Users should:
• Remove clothing immediately if pesticide gets inside. Then wash thoroughly and put on
clean clothing.
• Wear protective gloves (rubber or latex), goggles or other eye protection, and clothing to
minimize contact.
• Follow manufacturer’s instructions for cleaning and maintaining PPE. If no such instructions
for washables, use detergent and hot water. Keep and wash PPE separately from other
laundry.
• Wash hands with soap and water before eating, drinking, chewing gum, using tobacco or
using the toilet.
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
Do not discharge effluent containing this product into lakes, streams, ponds, estuaries, oceans, or other
waters unless in accordance with the requirements of a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination
System (NPDES) permit and the permitting authority has been notified in writing prior to discharge.
Do not discharge effluent containing this product to sewer systems without previously notifying the
local sewage treatment plant authority. For guidance contact your State Water Board or Regional
Office of EPA. This material is toxic to fish. Do not contaminate water when cleaning equipment or
disposing of equipment washwaters.
PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL HAZARDS
Do not use or store near heat or open flame. Avoid contact with acids and oxidizers.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE
It is a violation of Federal Law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. For use
only in Sea-Bird Electronics’ conductivity sensors. Read installation instructions in the applicable
Conductivity Instrument Manual.
62
Manual revision 011
Appendix IV: AF24173 Anti-Foulant Device
SBE 52-MP
STORAGE AND DISPOSAL
PESTICIDE STORAGE: Store in original container in a cool, dry place. Prevent exposure to
heat or flame. Do not store near acids or oxidizers. Keep container tightly closed.
PESTICIDE SPILL PROCEDURE: In case of a spill, absorb spills with absorbent material. Put
saturated absorbent material to a labeled container for treatment or disposal.
PESTICIDE DISPOSAL: Pesticide that cannot be used according to label instructions must be
disposed of according to Federal or approved State procedures under Subtitle C of the Resource
Conservation and Recovery Act.
CONTAINER HANDLING: Nonrefillable container. Do not reuse this container for any other
purpose. Offer for recycling, if available.
Sea-Bird Electronics/label revised 01-28-10
63
Manual revision 011
Appendix V: Replacement Parts
SBE 52-MP
Appendix V: Replacement Parts
Part
Number
Part
Application Description
Quantity
in 52-MP
4-pin RMG-4FS pigtail
From 52-MP to controller and
cable with locking sleeve,
power supply
2.4 m (8 ft)
1
4-pin RMG-4FS dummy
plug with locking sleeve
For storage when I/O cable
not used
1
Locking sleeve *
Locks I/O cable / dummy plug
in place
1
4-pin MCIL-4FS (wetFrom 52-MP to controller and
pluggable connector)
171368
pigtail cable with locking power supply
sleeve, 2.4 m (8 ft)
1
17031
17046.1
17043
4-pin MCIL-4FS
(wet-pluggable connector) For storage when I/O cable
171398.1
not connected
dummy plug with
locking sleeve
1
171192
Locks I/O cable / dummy plug
Locking sleeve
(wet-pluggable connector) in place
1
171558
3-pin IE55 to 3-pin IE55
cable, 0.5 m (1.75 ft)
From oxygen sensor to bulkhead
connector on 52-MP sensor end cap
1
30411
Triton X-100
Octyl Phenol Ethoxylate – Reagent
grade non-ionic cleaning solution
for conductivity cell (supplied in
100% strength; dilute as directed)
1
801542
AF24173
Anti-Foulant Device
bis(tributyltin) oxide device inserted
1 (set of 2)
into anti-foulant device cup
233564
Black anti-foulant device Holds AF24173 Anti-Foulant
cup on exhaust plumbing Device
1
233565
Black anti-foulant device Secures AF24173 Anti-Foulant
cap on exhaust plumbing Device in cup
1
233493 Black T-C Duct top
T-C Duct, secures AF24173
Anti-Foulant Device in base
1
233515 Black T-C Duct base
T-C Duct, holds AF24173
Anti-Foulant Device
1
232395 Pump exhaust
Exhaust fitting, mounts to
sensor guard
1
30132
Screw, 4-40 x 3/4 flat
Phillips-head, stainless
Secures pump exhaust fitting to
sensor guard
1
30239
Washer, #4 nylon WN-4
For 30132 screw, placed pump
exhaust fitting and sensor guard
2
31629
Black Tygon tubing,
3/8” ID x 5/8” OD
Exhaust plumbing
Assorted parts, including:
50312
Anti-foulant device inline cap/cup assembly
64
• 233564 In-line Anti-Foulant cup (for
AF24173 Anti-Foulant Device)
• 233565 In-line Anti-Foulant cap (seals
AF24173 Anti-Foulant Device in cup)
• 30072 O-ring, 2-017 N674-70 (seal
between cap and cup)
• 31629 Black Tubing, 3/8” ID x 5/8”
OD (plumbing)
• 30389 Cable Tie, 4”, Richco (secures
plumbing to cap, cup, and CTD barbs)
-
Manual revision 011
Appendix VI: Manual Revision History
SBE 52-MP
Appendix VI: Manual Revision History
Manual
Version
001
002
Date
03/05
08/05
003
004
08/05
01/06
005
05/06
006
09/09
007
08/09
008
02/10
009
11/11
Description
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
010
01/13 •
•
•
•
Continued on next page
Initial release of production units.
Firmware Version 1.1:
1. Sampling speed increased to 1/second (1 Hz).
2. Output real-time raw or converted data.
3. Options for overwriting memory or not when memory is full.
4. DO calibration coefficients now in EEPROM, output uploaded oxygen in ml/l
(real-time oxygen data still in Hz, not enough time to perform calculations in real time).
5. Update power specification.
Correct conductivity format in data output example for decimal engineering units.
Correct description of how long pump runs for PTS command in command summary appendix.
Correct uploaded oxygen data format in hex and binary.
Correct description of TSR.
Firmware Version 2.0: Add optional RS-232 interface.
Firmware Version 2.1: Add fast pressure sampling command.
Update inclusion of oxygen sensor: optional, not standard.
Correct logic level communication (0 – 3.3 volts, not 0 – 5 volts).
Correct description of TP command output.
Provide more information on how to handle instrument if flooded.
Add IE55 bulkhead connector (for optional DO sensor) to list of standard features.
Change specification for plastic housing to 600 meters from 350 meters.
Provide photos of 52-MP without DO sensor.
Change stability spec for pressure to /year instead of /month.
Pressure port maintenance – SBE no longer putting silicon oil in pressure sensor port
Update maintenance information on connector to be consistent with application note 57.
Update DO specification to be consistent with latest SBE 43 specification.
Redo photos – cell guard and plumbing now black.
Update software name.
Update anti-foul label in Appendix with new Container Handling requirement and new address.
Update SBE address.
Add CE mark.
Add weight for plastic version.
Firmware 2.3: Add SetDOInstalled= command. If SetInstalledDO=N, 52-MP outputs all zeroes
for DO. In previous firmware versions, if no DO sensor was installed, 52-MP output bogus values
for DO.
Add information about switching from RS-232 to logic level serial or vice versa.
Add information about using a pull-up resistor (typical 3.3K) to supply voltage.
Add information on removing protective plugs before deployment.
Remove references to Druck pressure sensors.
Update description of PN 50312 (now includes black Tygon tubing).
Update URL for Triton.
Correct temperature resolution specification.
Add Declaration of Conformity.
Add cable and wiring diagrams.
Update software compatibility information.
65
Manual revision 011
Appendix VI: Manual Revision History
SBE 52-MP
Continued from previous page
011
02/15 • Specifications: Clarify that accuracy specifications are ±; add sampling rate.
• Update Declaration of Conformity.
• Add caution regarding using spray can lubricants on MCBH connectors.
• Add caution regarding using Parker Super O Lube, not Parker O Lube (which is petroleum based).
• Remove standard and optional language related to SBE 52-MP features.
• Add information on O-ring maintenance.
• Update language on where to find updated software on website.
• Switch to Sea-Bird Scientific cover.
66
Manual revision 011
Index
SBE 52-MP
Index
A
F
Anti-Foulant Devices · 60
replacing · 48, 49
Autonomous sampling commands · 30
Fast pressure sampling command · 31
Format
data · 37
Functional description · 55
B
G
Bin averaging commands · 26
Glossary · 54
C
L
Cables · 12
Calibration · 51
Calibration coefficients commands · 35
CE certification · 3
Circuitry · 55
Cleaning · 47
Command summary · 57
Commands
autonomous sampling · 30
bin averaging · 26
calibration coefficients · 35
data upload · 32
descriptions · 22
fast pressure sampling · 31
output · 25
polled sampling · 33
pump · 34
real-time output · 25
sampling · 30
setup · 24
status · 23
testing · 34
upload · 32
Communication defaults · 17
Conductivity sensor
maintenance · 47
Conductivity sensor calibration · 51
Connector · 11
Connector maintenance · 46
Corrosion precautions · 46
Parker Super O-Lube · 54
Parts
replacement · 64
Polled sampling commands · 33
Pressure sensor
maintenance · 47
Pressure sensor calibration · 51
Pump commands · 34
D
Q
Data format · 37
Data I/O · 13
Data upload commands · 32
Declaration of Conformity · 3
Deployment
installation · 44
optimizing data quality · 40
Description · 8
Dimensions · 11
Quick start · 6
Logic level · 13
M
Maintenance · 46
conductivity sensor · 47
pressure sensor · 47
Manual revision history · 65
Modes · See Sampling modes
O
O-ring
maintenance · 50
Output commands · 25
Oxygen sensor
maintenance · 47
P
R
Real-time output · 25
Recovery
physical handling · 45
Replacement parts · 64
Revision history · 65
RS-232 · 13
E
Electronics disassembly/reassembly · 56
End cap · 11, 46
67
Manual revision 011
Index
SBE 52-MP
S
T
Sampling
autonomous · 20
polled · 21
Sampling commands · 30
Sampling modes · 19
Seasoft · 9, 14
Seaterm · 9, 14, 15
main screen · 15
toolbar buttons · 16
Sensor calibration · 51
Sensors · 10
Setup commands · 24
Software · 9
installation · 14
Specifications · 10
Status command · 23
Storage · 47
Super O-Lube · 54
System description · 8
Temperature sensor calibration · 51
Test
power and communications · 14
setup · 14
Testing commands · 34
Triton · 54
U
Unpacking SBE 52-MP · 7
Upload commands · 32
V
Versions · 65
W
Wiring · 12
68
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