KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
KSD-SA25.5-XXXMJ
(Based on NAND Flash 2.5’’ SATA SSD)
Datasheet
Rev.1.0
Apr. 2011
NOTE: INFORMATION IN THIS PRODUCT SPECIFICATION IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE AT
ANYTIME WITHOUT NOTICE,ALL PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ARE PROVIDED FOR
REFERENCE ONLY.TO ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN KINGSPEC PRODUCT OR
TECHNOLOGY.ALL INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED.
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Website:www.kingspec.com
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
Table of Contents
1.
2.
Introduction…………….….……....................................................................................3
1.1 Overview…………………………………………………………………………………...3
1.2 Feature……………………………………………………………………………………..3
Block Diagram...……….................................................................................................4
3.
Product Specifications……............................................................................................5
3.1 Physical Specifications..........................................................................................5
3.2 Interface.................................................................................................................5
3.3 Performance................................................................................................. .........6
4.
Interface Description ....................................................................................................7
4.1 Pin Assignment......................................................................................................7
4.2 Pin Description.......................................................................................................7
5.
Product Trait…..............................................................................................................8
5.1
Environment Specification...................................................................................8
5.2
Power Specification.............................................................................................8
5.3
Reliability Specification........................................................................................9
6.
Electrical Specification……............................................................................................10
7.
Command Description…………………………………………………………………………11
7.1 Support ATA Command………………………………………………………………..11
7.2 ATA COMMAND SPECIFICATIONS………………………………………………….11
ADD: 3rd/F., 4th Block, Tongfuyu Ind. Park, Tanglang, Xili, Nanshan, Shenzhen, China
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
1. Introduction
1.1
Overview
KingSpec's SATA SSD (Solid State Drive) is a high performance and high reliability storage device
based on NAND Flash technology that designed to solve the bottleneck of computing system by
traditional hard disk drives.
KingSpec's SATA SSD doesn't have a moving parts and it has a same
host interface and same physical dimension with Hard Disk Drive,So it can be drop-in replaced with the
hard disk drives without anything. With a high performance and low power consumption, KingSpec's
SATA SSD can be a good storage device for NB and Tabletop PC ,
KingSpec's SATA SSD purely consists of semiconductor devices and NAND flash memories, which
give rugged features against shock and vibration use in extreme environment such as industrial PC an
increased MTBF. Further more, KingSpec's SATA SSD has highly advanced flash memory
management algorithm to guarantee higher performance and data integrity.
1.2
Feature
● Performance
External Transfer Rate(Host Transfer Rate):300MB/s
Sequential Data Read/Write: 73/16 MB/s; 120/32 MB/s; 147/60 MB/s; 153/102 MB/s; 156/104 MB/s;
● Form factor: 2.5-inch (100.2mm x 69.8mm x 9.5mm)
● Interface standard: Serial ATA Revision 2.6 and Universal Serial Bus Specification Revision 2.0
● Density: 8GB;16GB;32GB;64GB;128GB;
● Input voltage: 5V (±5%)
● Commercial operating temperature range form 0 to +70℃
● Flash management algorithm: static and dynamic wear-leveling, bad block management algorithm
● Supports dynamic power management and SMART (Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting
Technology), NCQ;
● ECC (Error Correction Code): BCH ECC 16bits or 24bits in 1024Bytes
● Write endurance: >80 years @ 100GB write/ day(32GB)
● Read endurance: unlimited
● Data retention: 10 years
● MTBF:1,500,000 Hours
ADD: 3rd/F., 4th Block, Tongfuyu Ind. Park, Tanglang, Xili, Nanshan, Shenzhen, China
Tel:+86 0755-2698 5376
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
2. Block Diagram
ADD: 3rd/F., 4th Block, Tongfuyu Ind. Park, Tanglang, Xili, Nanshan, Shenzhen, China
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
3. Product Specifications
3.1
Tabel 1
Physical Specifications
Physical dimensions and weight
Model
8GB;16GB;32GB;64GB;128GB;
3.2
Height(mm) Width(mm) Length(mm) Weight(g)
9.5+/-0.15
69.8+/-0.15
100.2+/-0.15
TBD
Interface
The interface of KingSpec's SSD complies with the standard serial ATA revision 2.6:
①Host Transfer Rate is 300MB/s(3.0Gb/s)
②PIO mode 0,1,2,3,4
③DMA mode 0,1,2
④UDMA mode 0,1,2,3,4,5,6
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Tel:+86 0755-2698 5376
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
3.3
Performance Testing
3.3.1 Maximum Data Transfer Rate:
·Maximum sustained read: 158MB/s
·Maximum sustained write: 108MB/s
Note:
1).Test PC: CPU:Intel® Core™ i3 Duo CPU 540 @ 3.07GHz,
Memory:Kingston KVR800D2N5/2G,
Chipset: Intel® H55 Express Chipse
OS: Microsoft Windows 7 Professional 64-bit
BIOS Settings: AHCI Mode
2).Test Program:HD Tune pro 3.5
3).Test Drive:KSD-SA25.5-XXXMJ
3.3.2
IO Performance:
Tabel 2 IO Performance Values For 2.5" SATA MLC SSD
IOPS
Operation unit size
Access Type
512Byte
10465
3786
10241
57
Sequential Read
Sequential Write
Random Read
Random Write
4KByte
6006
13475
5912
66
Note:
1). Test PC: CPU:Intel® Core™ i3 Duo CPU 540 @ 3.07GHz,
Memory:Kingston KVR800D2N5/2G,
Chipset: Intel® H55 Express Chipse
OS: Microsoft Windows 7 Professional 64-bit
BIOS Settings: AHCI Mode
2).Test Program:IOMeter 2006.07.27
3).Test Drive:KSD-SA25.5-XXXMJ
3.3.3 Access Time:
Random access time:0.2 msec
Note:
1). Test PC: CPU:Intel® Core™ i3 Duo CPU 540 @ 3.07GHz,
Memory:Kingston KVR800D2N5/2G,
Chipset: Intel® H55 Express Chipse
OS: Microsoft Windows 7 Professional 64-bit
BIOS Settings: AHCI Mode
2).Test Program:HDTech 3.0.1
3).Test Drive:KSD-SA25.5-XXXMJ
ADD: 3rd/F., 4th Block, Tongfuyu Ind. Park, Tanglang, Xili, Nanshan, Shenzhen, China
Tel:+86 0755-2698 5376
Fax:+86 0755-2698 5365
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
4. Interface Description
4.1
Pin Assignment
4.2
Pin Description
Tabel 3 SATA Connector Pinout
Signal
Pin#
Signal Name
Description
S1
GND
2nd mate
S2
A+
Differential signal pair A
From physical layer electronics
S3
AS4
GND
2nd mate
S5
BDifferential signal pair B
From physical layer electronics
S6
B+
S7
GND
2nd mate
Power
P1
V33
3.3V Power(Unused)
P2
V33
3.3V Power(Unused)
P3
V33
3.3V Power,pre-charge, 2nd mate(Unused)
P4
GND
1st mate
P5
GND
2nd mate
P6
GND
2nd mate
P7
V5
5V Power,pre-charge, 2nd mate
P8
V5
5V Power
P9
V5
5V Power
P10
GND
2nd mate
P11
DAS/DSS
Device Activity Signal/Disable Staggered spinup(Unused)
P12
GND
1st mate
P13
V12
12V Power,pre-charge, 2nd mate(Unused)
P14
V12
12V Power(Unused)
P15
V12
12V Power(Unused)
ADD: 3rd/F., 4th Block, Tongfuyu Ind. Park, Tanglang, Xili, Nanshan, Shenzhen, China
Tel:+86 0755-2698 5376
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
5.Product Trait
5.1
Environment Specification
Table 4 Environmental Specifications
Features
Temperature
0~70℃
Humidity
90%
5.2
Operating
Power Specification
Recommended DC Operating Voltage:4.75V~5.25V
Table 5 Power Consumption
Parameter
Typical
Unit
Standby
0.5
W
Idel
0.65
W
Sequential Read
1.2
W
4KByte
Sequential Write
1.5
W
Sample Data
Random Read
1.2
W
Random Write
1.7
W
Sequential Read
1.05
W
512KByte
Sequential Write
1.6
W
Sample Data
Random Read
1.05
W
Random Write
1.65
W
Note:
1. The power consumption can differ depending on the disk capacity and the type of flash
memory being used
2. The test drive: KSD-SA25.5-XXXMJ
3. Supply voltage:5.0V+/-5%
ADD: 3rd/F., 4th Block, Tongfuyu Ind. Park, Tanglang, Xili, Nanshan, Shenzhen, China
Tel:+86 0755-2698 5376
Fax:+86 0755-2698 5365
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
5.3
Reliability Specification
Wear-leveling
KingSpec’s SSD support both static and dynamic wear-leveling,These two algorithms guarantee
all type of flash memory at same level of erase cycles to improve lifetime limitation of NAND based
storage
Endurance
Write endurance: >80 years @ 100GB write/ day(32GB)
Read endurance: unlimited
ECC
ECC (Error Correction Code): BCH ECC 16bits or 24bits in 1024Bytes
Bad block management algorithm
This algorithm replaces bad blocks with new ones from available spares on media error
conditions.
MTBF
MTBF(Mean Time between Failures) of KingSpec’s SSD:1,500,000 hours
Data retention
Data retention at 25℃ of KingSpec’s SSD:>10 years
ADD: 3rd/F., 4th Block, Tongfuyu Ind. Park, Tanglang, Xili, Nanshan, Shenzhen, China
Tel:+86 0755-2698 5376
Fax:+86 0755-2698 5365
Website:www.kingspec.com
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
6. Electrical Specification
ADD: 3rd/F., 4th Block, Tongfuyu Ind. Park, Tanglang, Xili, Nanshan, Shenzhen, China
Tel:+86 0755-2698 5376
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
7.Command Descriptions
7.1
Support ATA Command
Command Name
CHECK POWER MODE
EXECUTE DIAGNOSTICS
FLUSH CACHE
IDENTIFY DEVICE
IDLE
IDLE IMMEDIATE
INITIALIZE DEVICE
PARAMETERS
READ DMA
READ MULTIPLE
READ SECTOR(S)
READ VERIFY SECTOR(S)
RECALIBRATE
SECURITY DISABLE
PASSWORD
SECURITY ERASE PREPARE
7.2
Code(Hex)
E5h
90h
E7h
ECh
E3h
E1h
91h
Command Name
SECURITY ERASE UNIT
SECURITY FREEZE LOCK
SECURITY SET PASSWORD
SECURITY UNLOCK
SEEK
SET FEATURES
SET MULTIPLE MODE
Code(Hex)
F4h
F5h
F1h
F2h
7xh
EFh
C6h
C8h or C9h
C4h
20h or 21h
40h or 41h
10h
F6h
SLEEP
SMART
STANDBY
STANDBY IMMEDIATE
WRITE DMA
WRITE MULTIPLE
E6h
B0h
E2h
E0h
CAh or CBh
C5h
F3h
WRITE SECTOR(S)
30h or 31h
ATA COMMAND SPECIFICATIONS
CHECK POWER MODE (E5h)
The host can use this command to determine the current power management mode.
Sector Count result value00h – device is in Standby mode
80h – device is in Idle mode
FFh – device is in Active mode or Idle mode
EXECUTE DIAGNOSITICS (90h)
This command performs the internal diagnostic tests implemented by the drive. See ERROR
register for diagnostic codes.
FLUSH CACHE (E7h)
This command is used by the host to request the device to flush the write cache. If there is data in
the write cache, that data shall be written to the media. The BSY bit shall remain set to one until all
data has been successfully written or an error occurs.
IDENTIFY DEVICE (ECh)
This commands read out 512Bytes of drive parameter information. Parameter Information consists
of the arrangement and value as shown in the following table. This command enables the host to
receive the Identify Drive Information from the device.
IDLE (E3h)
This command causes the device to set BSY, enter the Idle mode, clear BSY and generate an
interrupt. If sector count is non-zero, the automatic power down mode is enabled. If the sector count is
zero, the automatic power mode is disabled.
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
IDLE IMMEDIATE (E1h)
This command causes the device to set BSY, enter the Idle(Read) mode, clear BSY and generate an
interrupt. If sector count isnon-zero, the automatic power down mode is enabled. If the sector count is
zero, the automatic power mode is disabled.
INITIALIZE DEVICE PARAMETERS (91h)
This command enables the host to set the number of sectors per track and the number of tracks
per heads.
READ DMA (C8h)
Reads data from sectors during Ultra DMA and Multiword DMA transfer. Use the SET FEATURES
command to specify the mode value. A sector count of zero requests 256 sectors.
READ MULTIPLE (C4h)
This command performs similarly to the Read Sectors command. Interrupts are not generated on
each sector, but on the transfer of a block which contains the number of sectors defined by a Set
Multiple command.
READ SECTOR(S) (20h/21h)
This command reads 1 to 256 sectors as specified in the Sector Count register from sectors which
is set by Sector number register. A sector count of 0 requests 256 sectors. The transfer beings
specified in the Sector Number register.
READ VERIFY SECTOR(S) (40h/41h)
This command verifies one or more sectors on the drive by transferring data from the flash media
to the data buffer in the drive and verifying that the ECC is correct. This command is identical to the
Read Sectors command, except that DRQ is never set and no data is transferred to the host.
RECALIBRATE (10h)
The current drive performs no processing if it receives this command. It is supported for backward
compatibility with previous devices.
SECURITY DISABLE PASSWORD (F6h)
Disables any previously set user password and cancels the lock. The host transfers 512 bytes of
data, as shown in the following table, to the drive. The transferred data contains a user or master
password, which the drive compares with the saved password. If they
match, the drive cancels the lock. The master password is still saved. It is re-enabled by issuing
the SECURITY SET PASSWORD command to re-set a user password.
SECURITY ERASE PREPARE (F3h)
This command shall be issued immediately before the Security Erase Unit command to enable
erasing and unlocking. This command prevents accidental loss of data on the drive.
SECURITY ERASE UNIT (F4h)
The host uses this command to transfer 512 bytes of data, as shown in the following table, to the
drive. The transferred data contains a user or master password, which the drive compares with the
saved password. If they match, the drive deletes user data, disables the user password, and cancels
the lock. The master password is still saved. It is re-enabled by issuing the SECURITY SET
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
PASSWORD command to re-set a user password.
SECURITY FREEZE LOCK (F5h)
Causes the drive to enter Frozen mode. Once this command has been executed, the following
commands to update a lock result in the
Aborted Command error:
●SECURITY SET PASSWORD
●SECURITY UNLOCK
●SECURITY DISABLE PASSWORD
●SECURITY ERASE PREPARE
●SECURITY ERASE UNIT
The drive exits from Frozen mode upon a power-off or hard reset. If the SECURITY FREEZE
LOCK command is issued when the drive is placed in Frozen mode, the drive executes the command,
staying in Frozen mode.
SECURITY SET PASSWORD (F1h)
This command set user password or master password. The host outputs sector data with PIO
data-out protocol to indicate the information defined in the following table.
SECURITY UNLOCK (F2h)
This command disable LOCKED MODE of the device. This command transfers 512 bytes of data
from the host with PIO data-out protocol. The following table defines the content of this information.
SEEK (7xh)
This command is effectively a NOP command to the device although it does perform a range
check.
SET FEATURES (EFh)
This command set parameter to Features register and set drive!fls operation. For transfer mode,
parameter is set to Sector Count register. This command is used by the host to establish or select
certain features.
SET MULTIPLE MODE (C6h)
This command enables the device to perform READ MULTIPLE and WRITE MULTIPLE
operations and establishes the block count for these commands.
SLEEP (E6h)
This command causes the device to set BSY, enter the Sleep mode, clear BSY and generate an
interrupt.
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KingSpec Electronics Technology Co., Ltd.
文件编号:KS-28-ZC-01-01
Solid State Drive
SMART Function Set (B0h)
Performs different processing required for predicting device failures, according to the
subcommand specified in the Features register. If the Features register contains an unsupported value,
the Aborted Command error is returned. If the SMART function is disabled, any subcommand other
than SMART ENABLE OPERATIONS results in the Aborted Command error.
STANDBY (E2h)
This command causes the device to set BSY, enter the Sleep mode (which corresponds to the
ATA!Standby Mode), clear BSY and return the interrupt immediately.
STANDBY IMMEDIATE (E0h)
This command causes the drive to set BSY, enter the Sleep mode (which corresponds to the
ATA !Standby Mode), clear BSY and return the interrupt immediately.
WRITE DMA (CAh)
Write data to sectors during Ultra DMA and Multiword DMA transfer. Use the SET FEATURES
command to specify the mode value.
WRITE MULTIPLE (C5h)
This command is similar to the Write Sectors command. Interrupts are not presented on each
sector, but on the transfer of a block which contains the number of sectors defined by Set Multiple
command.
WRITE SECTOR(S) (30h/31h)
Write data to a specified number of sectors (1 to 256, as specified with the Sector Count register)
from the specified address. Specify "00h"– to write 256 sectors
ADD: 3rd/F., 4th Block, Tongfuyu Ind. Park, Tanglang, Xili, Nanshan, Shenzhen, China
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