Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
www.eatoncompressor .com
877.283.7614
Operating Instructions
ROTARY SCREW
COMPRESSORS
Polar Air designs and manufactures products for safe operation.
However, operators and maintenance persons are responsible for
maintaining safety. All safety precautions are included to provide
a guideline for minimizing the possibility of accidents and property
damage while equipment is in operation. Keep these instructions
for reference.
1|Page
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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877.283.7614
Page No
Restarting Procedure.............................21
Variable Speed Drive Information .............. 1
Maintenance ..............................................21
Model Specification Charts ..................... 2-3
Safety Steps .................................... 21-22
Safety Information ...................................... 4
Lubricating Oil .......................................22
Contents
Tag Definitions ........................................ 4
Belts……………………………………22
Basic Guidelines ..................................... 4
Changing Oil..........................................22
Breathable Air ......................................... 4
Oil Capacities ........................................22
Pressurized Components ........................ 4
Personal Protective Equipment ............... 4
System Pressure ...................................23
Inspection .................................................... 5
Air/Oil Separator Filter ...........................23
Forklift Safety .......................................... 5
OPTIONAL: Cabinet Intake Filter(s) ......23
Lifting Safety ........................................... 5
Installation ................................................... 6
Maintenance Schedule ..............................24
Area ........................................................ 6
Wiring Diagrams ........................................29
Warranty ....................................................34
Piping ...................................................... 6
Safety Steps ............................................ 6
Installing .................................................. 6
Oil Check ............................................. 7-8
Electrical Installation................................ 8
Motor Rotation......................................... 9
System Description..................................... 9
Air Process.............................................. 9
Lubrication Process ................................. 9
System Components .................................. 9
PLC (Programmable Logistical Control) .. 9
Setting:oC/oF; BAR/PSI; Lang; Time/Date .10
Working Pressures ................................ 11
Clock Timer Settings ............................. 11
Working Timer – Unloading Delay ......... 12
Maintenance Notifications ..................... 13
Resetting Maintenance Alarms ......... 13-15
Mechanical Components .................. 16-19
Safety Valve ..........................................23
Troubleshooting .................................. 25-29
Variable Speed Drive
The variable speed drive is an auxiliary feature
available on all Polar Air compressors. A variable
speed drive or VSD regulates amp draw during startup and motor speed during operation according to air
demand.
All Polar Air compressors are equipped with a VSD
compliant motor, ventilated electrical box &
adequate space in compressor cabinet for easy
installation. The electronic controller (PLC) for the
compressor unit provides start/stop command and
display fault status for the VSD device.

Be sure to install VSD in a clean,
dust-free environment.

To convert to Variable speed drive, contact
Polar Air customer service for more
information, 1-877-283-7614
VSD Device
Dedicated Cooling Fan
Resetting Overload Protection ............... 16
Operation ................................................... 19
Safety Rules ..................................... 19-20
Initial Checks ......................................... 20
Start-Up................................................. 21
Power Outages ..................................... 21
Storage ................................................. 21
2|Page
Each compressor
cabinet
Wiring
Accesshas
Areabuilt-in VSD compartment
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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Polar Air Rotary Screw Systems: 5 Hp - 20 Hp (VSD Compliant)
Model No.
PRS0050001
PRS0070001
PRS0100001
PRS0070003
PRS0100003
PRS0150003
PRS0200003
Description
Single Phase
Single Phase
Single Phase
Dual Voltage
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Motor
5 H.P
7.5HP
10HP
7.5HP
10HP
15HP
20HP
Amp Draw SF
24
32
40
230V: 22
460V: 11
230V: 30
460V: 15
230V: 42
460V: 21
230V: 57
460V: 29
1750
1750
1750
1750
RPM
2810
1750
1750
Voltage
208/230
208/230
208/230
29
45
SCFM @ 100 PSI
21
Start Type
Magneti c Starter
208/230/460/575 208/230/460/575 208/230/460/575 208/230/460/575
Magnetic Starter Magnetic Starter
29
45
62
85
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Drive Type
Belt
Belt
Belt
Belt
Belt
Belt
Belt
Air End Model
B40/EVO2
B40/EVO2
B40/EVO2
B40/EVO2
B40/EVO2
B60/EVO3
B60/EVO3
Noise DB(a)
60
62
64
62
64
67
85
Outlet Size
NPT 3/4"
NPT 3/4"
NPT 3/4"
NPT 1"
NPT 1"
Oil Capacity
1.3 Gal
1.3 gal
1.5 Gal
1.5 Gal
43x48x43
43x48x43
48x45x48
43x48x43
48x45x48
48x45x50
48x45x50
451
542
630
542
630
788
880
Dimensions
L.W.H
(inches)
Weight (lbs.)
NPT 3/4"
1.3 Gal
NPT 3/4"
1.3 Gal
1.3 Gal
Polar Air Rotary Screw Systems: 25 Hp - 60 Hp (VSD Compliant)
Model No.
PRS0250003
PRS0300003
PRS0400003
Description
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Motor
25HP
208V:77
230V: 70
460V: 35
30HP
208V:91
230V:83
460V:41
RPM
1750
1750
Voltage
208/230/460/575
208/230/460/575
SCFM @ 100 PSI
108
129
188
235
261
Start Type
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Drive Type
Belt
Belt
Belt
Belt
Belt
Air End Model
B101/EVO6
B101/EVO6
Noise DB(a)
73
Outlet Size
NPT 1"
NPT 1"
Oil Capacity
2.5 GAL
2.5 GAL
5.5 GAL
43X48X62
43X48X62
54X51X65
54X51X65
1374
1370
2052
2052
Amp Draw SF
Dimensions
L.W.H
(inches)
Weight (lbs.)
3|Page
75
40HP
208V:124
230V:112
460V:56
PRS0500003
PRS0600003
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
50HP
208V:152
230V: 138
460V: 69
1750
208/230/460/575
EUDUR012/EV09
79
NPT 1-1/4"
1750
208/230/460/575
EUDUR012/EV09
60HP
208V:178
230V:161
460V:81
1750
208/230/460/575
EUDUR012/EV09
79
81
NPT 1-1/4"
NPT 1-1/4"
5.5 GAL
5.5 GAL
54X51X65
2220
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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Polar Air Rotary Screw Systems: 75 Hp - 200 Hp (VSD Compliant)
Model No.
PRS0750003
Description
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Motor
75HP
208V:216
230V:196
460V: 98
Amp Draw SF
PRS1000003
PRS1250003
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
100HP
208V:290
230V:262
460V:131
125HP
208V:361
230V: 327
460V: 163
PRS1500003
PRS1750003
PRS2000003
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
Three Phase
Dual Voltage
150HP
175HP
200HP
460V: 188
460V: 221
460V: 256
RPM
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
1750
Voltage
208/230/460
208/230/460
208/230/460
460
460
460
SCFM @ 100 PSI
353
424
570
706
812
883
Start Type
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Y-Delta & VSD
Drive Type
Direct Drive
Direct Drive
Direct Drive
Direct Drive
Direct Drive
Direct Drive
Air End Model
E25G
E25G
Noise DB(a)
78
80
83
83
87
87
Outlet Size
NPT 2"
NPT 2"
NPT 3"
NPT 3"
NPT 3-1/2"
NPT 3-1/2"
Oil Capacity
8 gal
8 gal.
18
18
24
24
83x52x72
86x56x73
102X63X75
102X63X75
68X105X78
68"x105"x78"
3606
3606
5800
5800
6538
6538
Dimensions
L.W.H
(inches)
Weight (lbs.)
E75G
E75G
E75G
E75G
Before installing your compressor it is imperative due to varying local wiring codes to consult a
professional licensed electrician. Installation of electrical wire can be extremely hazardous, if done improperly,
it can result in personal injury or property damage. Eaton Compressor is not responsible for any damages
incurred due to improper installation of any electrical lines or components.
Safety
This manual contains very important
information on SAFETY and how to
PREVENT EQUIPMENT
PROBLEMS. The following will help
in understanding this information:
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation, which if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury.
DANGER
INDICATES AN
IMMINENTLY HAZARDOUS
SITUATION WHICH, IF NOT
AVOIDED, WILL RESULT IN
DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
NOTICE indicates important
information that if not followed, may
cause damage to equipment.
WARNING
indicates a
potentially hazardous situation
4 | which,
P a g e if not avoided, could
result in death or serious injury.
Read all manuals included with this
product carefully. Be thoroughly
familiar with the controls and the
proper use of the equipment.
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
www.eatoncompressor .com
Basic Guidelines:
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65
This product or its power
cord may contain chemicals know to the
State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
1. Allow only trained, authorized
persons who have read and
understood these operating
instructions to use this compressor.
Failure to follow the instructions,
procedures and safety precautions in
this manual can result in accidents
and injuries.
2. NEVER start or operate the
compressor under unsafe conditions.
Tag the compressor, disconnect and
lock-out all power to it to prevent
accidental start-up until the condition
is corrected.
3. Install, use and operate the
compressor only in full compliance
with all pertinent OSHA regulations
and all applicable Federal, State &
Local codes, standards and
regulations.
4. NEVER modify the compressor
and/or controls in any way.
5. Keep a first aid kit in a convenient
place. Seek medical assistance
promptly in case of injury. Avoid
infection by caring for any small cuts
and burns promptly.
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877.283.7614
Breathable Air
1. NEVER use air from this compressor
for breathable air except in full
compliance with OSHA Standards
29 CFR 1910 and any other Federal,
State or Local codes or regulations.
DEATH OR SERIOUS
INJURY CAN RESULT
FROM INHALING
COMPRESSED AIR
WITHOUT USING
PROPER SAFETY
EQUIPMENT. SEE OSHA
STANDARDS ON SAFETY
EQUIPMENT.
2. DO NOT use air line anti-icer
systems in air lines supplying
respirators or other equipment used
to produce breathable air. DO NOT
discharge air from these systems in
unventilated or other confined areas.
Pressurized Components
This equipment is supplied with a
pressure vessel protected by a relief
valve. DO NOT attempt to open valve
while the machine is under pressure.
Personal Protective Equipment
Be sure all operators and others around
the compressor and its controls comply
with all applicable OSHA, Federal, State
and Local regulations, codes and
standards relating to personal protective
equipment. This includes respiratory
protective equipment, protection to the
extremities, protective clothing,
protective shields and barriers, electrical
protective equipment, and personal
hearing equipment.
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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877.283.7614
bolts before lifting.
Inspection
Prior to using the compressor, check for external
damage that might have occurred during transit.
Make sure palletmounted compressors are firmly secured
to the pallet before moving. NEVER
attempt to move a compressor that is not
secure or serious injury or property
damage could result.
A forklift may be necessary for unloading the
Polar Air compressor, and requires a certified
forklift operator, using all forklift safety
measures. Refer to figure 1 for safe unloading
procedures.
Forklift Safety
1. Be sure load is secure and well balanced
before moving compressor.
2. Make sure forks are fully engaged and
tipped back before lifting or moving
compressor.
3. Keep load as low as possible and
observe safe operating practices.
3. Use provided lifting feature or
appropriate sling. A sling must be used
when moving compressor with a
helicopter or other air-borne equipment.
Be sure to follow OSHA standards 29
CFR 1910 Subpart N.
4. Use guide ropes or equivalent to prevent
twisting or swinging of the compressor
while it is in the air and NEVER attempt
to lift in high winds. Keep compressor
as low to the ground as possible.
5. Keep persons away and make sure no
one is under the compressor while it is
lifted.
6. Only use lifting features provided for
entire compressor package, NEVER use
bolts or other hooks on individual
components to move the compressor.
7. Put compressor on level surface that can
support the weight of the compressor
and loading equipment.
Do not operate unit if
damaged during shipping, handling or
use. Bursting may result, causing injury
or property damage.
Remove shipping brackets
from each corner of mounting base before
operating compressor. Refer to Figure 2.
Figure 2: Remove Shipping Brackets
Main Frame
Lumber
Figure 1: Use Lumber to Protect Compressor
Lifting Safety
1. Carefully inspect all lifting equipment
and make sure it is in good condition.
Rated capacity should exceed
compressor weight; the lifting hook has
a functional safety latch or equivalent
and is properly attached to lifting
feature.
2. Make sure lifting points are in good
condition and tighten any loose nuts or
6|Page
Compressor Enclosure
Shipping Bracket
(remove 2)
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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For Cold Weather Use:
Installation
Open shop vent and close outside
vent to
Area
Exhaust air from this unit can be used to
supplement environment heat. Install unit in
separate room then create duct system as
shown in figure 3.
1. Install compressor in a clean, well
ventilated and well lit area. Make
sure air inlet is away from exhaust
fumes or other toxic, noxious or
corrosive fumes or substances.
Installation area must maintain low
relative humidity and a temperature
range between 35o – 110 o F (2o – 43
o
C). This unit must be kept under
roof and away from rain, snow,
etc.
Vent to Shop
(Open/Close)
Close shop vent and open outside
vent to
2. Clearances around compressor. At
least:
 36 inches sides and back
 3 feet in front of compressor.
This compressor unit is
equipped with internal rubber vibration
isolators. To avoid internal pump damage,
DO NOT use an additional rubber mounting
surface when installing compressor.
3. Make sure compressor base is on a
hard, flat surface and anchored
securely.
4. If installation is above the first story
of a building, use appropriate
vibration insulation.
Tank Sizing Guideline:
Tank capacity must be at least 1.2 gallons
(5.3 L.) for every CFM of air produced by
compressor. This eliminates wear on
internal pump parts.
(Open/Close)
Rotary Screw
Cabinet
divert exhaust heat outdoors.
Figure 3: Utilize Exhaust Heat
Vent to Outside
Compressor
use exhaust heat from compressor.
For Warm Weather Operation:
In environments where
fine dust is common, such as granite or
concrete plants, the compressor MUST be
installed in a separate area with dedicated
ventilation. Failure to provide dust free
operating area voids the warranty.
Fresh Air
Inlet
(Keep
Open)
7|Page
877.283.7614
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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Piping
Safety Steps
1. Install appropriate flow-limiting
valves as necessary, according to
pipe size(s) and run lengths. This
reduces pressure in case of hose
failure, per OSHA Standard 29 CFR
1926.302(b)(7).
2. Flow-limiting valves are listed by
pipe size and rated CFM. Select
appropriate valves accordingly, in
accordance with the manufacturer’s
recommendations.
3. Do not install check valve as
compressor has internal check valve.
Never use plastic (PVC) pipe
for compressed air. Serious injury or death
could result.
Ball
To Shop
Valve
Piping
Ball
Valve
Air
Rotary
Storage
Screw
Tank
Compressor
Air
Cabinet
Dryer
Water Drain Valve
Auto Drain on back side
Figure 4: Basic Piping Diagram
Installing
1. Install piping as shown in Figure 4.
Refer to Figure 5 for recommended,
closed loop installation.
2. Make sure any tube, pipe or hose
connected to the unit can withstand
operating temperatures and retain
pressure.
Minimum Pipe Size For Compressed
Air Lines
Pipe Size Shown in inches)
Length Of Piping System
SCFM
20
40
60
100
125
150
200
25 ft.
3/4
3/4
3/4
1
1-1/4
1-1/2
2
50 ft.
3/4
1
1
1
1-1/4
2
2
100
3/4
ft.
1
1
1
1-1/2
2
2
250
1
ft.
1
1
1-1/4
1-1/2
2
2
PLAN VIEW
Closed loop
system
Air Drop
(typ.)
Install tee fitting
in piping from air
supply to minimize
pressure drop and
to allow airflow in
two directions.
From Compressor
Air Drop
Install tee fitting with branch to top to
minimize condensation in air drop
ELEVATION
Water trap
w/drain
From
Compressor
To Air Tool
Figure 5: Closed Loop Installation
8|Page
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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1. Install appropriate ASME code
safety valves and adequate
condensate drains on piping
system.
2. Never use reducers in discharge
piping. Keep all piping and fittings
the same size in the piping system to
help prevent pressure drops.
3. For permanent installations of
compressed air systems, determine
total length of system and select
correct pipe size. Bury underground
lines below frost line and avoid areas
where condensation could build-up
and freeze.
4. Test entire piping system before
underground lines are buried, and
find and repair all leaks before using
compressor.
Oil Capacities:
7.5– 10 HP
15 – 20 HP
25 – 30 HP
40 – 60 HP
75 – 100 HP
125 – 150 HP
175 – 200 HP
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.3 Gallon
1.5 Gallon
2.5 Gallon
5.5 Gallon
8 Gallon
18 Gallon
24 Gallon
DO NOT OVERFILL.
Residual oil may still be in the compressor.
The above capacities can be used for
guidelines, but use the upper arrow fill line
on the sight glass (See page 7). Over filling
causes oil to blowout the inlet valve and
through the air filter, also oil could push
past the separation system resulting in oil in
the air lines.
9|Page
877.283.7614
Figure 6: Sight Tube for Lubricating Oil
Labels on
tank show
proper oil
levels. Oil
should be
near bottom
of sight
tube when
running.
Oil Check
This unit is shipped with oil in it and ready
to operate. Check for proper oil level before
operating the compressor. Compressor must
be off at least 45 min. - 1 hr. before
checking to ensure accurate reading. Refer
to figure 6.
Use only Polar Air oil,
model no.
Oil003. For food
manufacturing applications, use model no.
Oil001. Use of any other product will cause
product damage and void the warranty.
Refer to warranty statement for oil
requirements.
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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Electrical Installation
TO PREVENT DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY,
ONLY TRAINED AND
AUTHORIZED
PERSONNEL SHOULD
INSTALL AND MAINTAIN THIS
COMPRESSOR IN ACCORDANCE
WITH ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL,
STATE AND LOCAL CODES,
STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS.
FOLLOW ALL NEC (National Electric
Code) STANDARDS ESPECIALLY
THOSE CONCERNING EQUIPMENT
GROUNDING CONDUCTORS.
1. Follow all NEC and local codes for
electrical wiring. Allow only authorized
Polar Air service person or certified
electrician to install electrical
components.
2. Put unit on dedicated circuit and make
sure
no other electrical equipment is wired
into
it. Failure to wire unit on independent
circuit can cause circuit overload and/or
imbalance in motor phasing. Install
proper No Fuse Breaker (NFB)
according to kW output of compressor.
3. Ensure incoming service has adequate
ampere rating.
4. Ensure supply line has the same
electrical
Characteristics (voltage, cycles and
phase) as the machine.Wiring for
Variable Speed Drive or typical WyeDelta Start. See page 1 for advantages
of VSD.
IMPROPERLY GROUNDED
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS ARE
SHOCK HAZARDS. MAKE SURE ALL
10 | P a g e
877.283.7614
THE COMPONENTS ARE PROPERLY
GROUNDED TO PREVENT DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY
1. Refer to amp load information on
motor tag and use correctly sized
wiring. Be sure to consider distance
between power supply and
machine.
2. Install surge protection device
between power supply and
compressor electrical cabinet.
3. Make sure to install properly sized
breakers and fuses.
4. The unit must be properly grounded.
DO NOT connect ground wire to air
or cooling lines. Connect ground
wire to grounding lug in the
compressor electrical cabinet.
5. Refer to amp load information on
motor tag and use correctly sized
wiring. Be sure to consider distance
between power supply and
machine.
6. Install surge protection device
between power supply and
compressor electrical cabinet.
7. Make sure to install properly sized
breakers and fuses.
8. The unit must be properly grounded.
DO NOT connect ground wire to air
or cooling lines. Connect ground
wire to grounding lug in the
compressor electrical cabinet.
Motor Rotation
After electrical installation is complete
by a certified electrician, check
the direction of the motor rotation.
To check the Rotation Lightly push
START and STOP buttons on the
instrument panel. View unit while facing
the drive pulleys (from the back). Check
directional arrows on air end of pump
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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System Description
The Polar Air compressor is highly efficient
and provides reliable performance with low
wear parts, low vibration and quiet
operation. An electric motor, which is
controlled by a Programmable Logistical
Controller (PLC), runs the compressor and
is actuated with a belt drive system. The belt
drive system utilizes pulleys to
Connect the motor to the main rotor shaft, or
a direct-drive coupling system.
Air Process
Air enters the system through the suction
valve which has an air/suction filter to
remove dust. The air is mixed with the
lubricating oil and flows into the air/oil
separator tank. It passes through an air/oil
separator filter then through a minimum
pressure check valve. Air then passes
through an air cooled after cooler then into
storage tank.
877.283.7614
PLC (Programmable Logistical
Controller)
The PLC is the compressor controller
and has a display screen for system
information. The electric circuitry of the
PLC can be divided into two systems.
One is for the starting panel to configure
Y Delta starting. The other is for internal
computer controls and is explained in
more detail in the PLC manual. If there
is any failure, contact Polar Air service
department.
Refer to figure 8 for explanation of
buttons.
Maintenance Notifications
Six automatic maintenance notifications
are built into the Polar Air compressor
system designed to signify when
maintenance is due for certain
components. The user is notified by a
message displayed on the control panel.
Refer to the following chart for the
components that have automatic
maintenance notifications and their
factory set lifetimes.
Lubrication Process
Pressure in the oil/air separator presses
lubricating oil into the oil cooler. The oil is
cooled and filtered then divided into two
parts. One part is injected into the
compression chamber from the lower end of
the rotary compressor body to cool the
compressed air. The other part passes
through the two ends of the compressor
body and is used to lubricate internal roller
bearings of rotary compressor pump and
gear drive. The two parts meet at the bottom
of the compression chamber and are drained
out with the compressed air.
System Components
11 | P a g e
Factory set password:
Level 1= 22
Level = 4444
Level 3 = 666666
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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1
2
6
5
877.283.7614
3. Press the Enter button to see the
current flashing temperatures scale,
o
C (Celcius) or oF (Fahrenheit). Use
the Up & Down arrows to change, if
desired, and then press Enter to set
the value.
3
4
1.
2.
3.
ON Button: Press to start compressor
OFF Button: Press to stop compressor
Emergency Stop: Use only for emergency to stop
compressor immediately! Use normal stop at all
other times.
4. Enter/Confirm Button: Press to enter a changed
setting or to confirm a menu selection and reset.
5. Down Button: Press to scroll down through menus
while changing
settings or menu selections.
o
Setting:
C/ oF;to BAR/PSI;
6. Up
Button: Press
scroll up through menus while
Language;
Time/Date
changing
settings or menu selections.
4. Now the current flashing gauge
pressure setting, BAR (metric) or
PSI (Am. Std) shows in display. Use
the Up & Down arrows to change, if
desired, and then press Enter to set
the value.
Setting:oC/ oF; BAR/PSI; Language;
Time/Date
1. Main screen starting point.
Use to navigate
through settings
The Enter button used
to navigate through
settings
2. Press the Up arrow for setting
temperature scale, gauge pressure,
language, time & date.
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5. The current language setting now
shows in the display. Use the Up &
Down arrows to change to the
desired language and then press
Enter.
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6. The current date, day of week and
time now shows in the display.
Starting with the flashing date, use
the Up & Down Arrows to change
the setting and then press Enter.
Now the next parameter flashes and
it can be changed. The day of the
week is shown by Day 1=Monday,
Day 2=Tuesday, etc. The current
time can be set; hours:minutes, 24
hour time. Once set, press the Enter
button to return to the main screen.
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2. Press the two arrow keys at the same
time to bring up the Password Level
Selection- Press down arrow 2 times
to select Level 3 then press enter.
3. Enter in the 6 Digit Password 6 6 6 6
6 6, by using the Up Arrow to set the
digit to 6 then press Enter to move to
the next digit, and press the Up
Arrow to set to 6, repeat until last
digit is set to 6, then press Enter.
Please Note!!! If your unit is equipped with
a variable speed drive, your pressures must
be changed in the drive control not on the
compressor controller. Please call one of
our techs at 877.283.7614 to walk you
through the process.
Working Pressures
These pressures settings are the
compressor’s operating pressure settings,
Top Range Transducer, High Pressure
Alarm, Stop Pressure, etc. (See chart on
page 13 of PLC manual.)
1. To access these settings, start with
the main screen shown below.
Use to navigate through
pressure settings.
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The Enter button used
to navigate through
pressure settings.
Press both Up &
Down Arrows again if the wrong
password is entered.
4. Arrow down to 0) WORKING
PRESSURES and press Enter.
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5. WP1 (Top Range Transducer pressure)
shows in the display. Press Enter and the
pressure setting flashes and can be
changed by using the Up & Down
Arrows. Press Enter again to confirm
the setting.
6. Press down Arrow to see and/or
change the other pressure settings.
Once satisfied with all settings, press
Down Arrow until you are back to
the Main Screen.
Clock Timer Settings
This feature allows the operator to set the
start and stop times (in 24 hour time) of the
compressor, every day of the week.
Up to 3 time slots can be programmed per
day. Example:
Day 1 (Monday)
1 – ON 07:30 – OFF 12:30
2 – ON 13:30 – OFF 17:30
3 – ON 18:30 – OFF 23:30
Once Day 1 is set, Day 2 through Day 7 can
be programmed. (See page 17 of the PLC
manual for more details.)
Working Timer - Unloading Delay
To reduce wear & tear of the compressor
components, an unloading delay time is set
in the controls that shuts-down the
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compressor after the unloading delay time
has counted down.
If the compressor is running in slow periods
of the day, the compressor could run for
long periods in the unloading stage, causing
unnecessary component wear and elevated
energy costs.
With an unload delay time of 10 minutes,
for example, the compressor would run for
10 minutes in the unloading stage and then it
would shut down and enter a stand-by mode.
Then when the low pressure setting is
reached, the compressor automatically starts
again.
1. To view or set the unload delay time,
start with the main screen shown
below.
Use to navigate through
settings.
The Enter button used
to navigate through
settings.
2. Press the two arrow keys at the same
time to bring up the Password Level
Selection- Press down arrow 2 times
to select Level 3 then press enter.
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It’s recommended not set
the
unload delay too low. If
the compressor starts more than 5 times per
hour, it could cause unnecessary wear to
components.
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5. Once satisfied with all settings, press
Down Arrow until you are back to the
Main Screen.
Enter in the 6 Digit Password 6 6 6 6 6 6,
by using the Up Arrow to set the digit to 6
then press Enter to move to the next digit,
and press the Up Arrow to set to 6, repeat
until last digit is set to 6, then press Enter.
Press both Up & Down
Arrows again if the wrong password is
entered.
3. Arrow down to 5)WORKING
TIMER and press Enter.
Following replacement times are important
for safe operation. Remember to clear
lifetime and reset maintenance timer after
replacements are made. Refer to PLC
manual for more details.
Maintenance Notifications
Component
4. Arrow down to Wt4 (Unload delay time).
Press Enter and the time flashes and can
be changed by using the Up & Down
Arrows. Press Enter again to confirm the
setting.
(See chart on page 13 of PLC manual.)
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Lifetime (hrs)
Air Filter
(PLC)
Name)
CAF
Oil Filter
COF
2000
Air/Oil Separator Filter
CSF
2000
Lubricating Oil
C--=
2000
Check Compressor
C--h
2000
Motor Bearing Grease
BL
10,000
2000
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Resetting Maintenance Alarms
6. First screen for resetting alarms.
Use to navigate
through reset.
The Enter button used
to navigate through
resets.
9. Arrow down to 6)OIL/FILTERHOURS and press Enter.
10. CHANGE AIR FILTER shows in the
display and press Enter.
7. Press the two arrow keys at the same
time to bring up the Password Level
Selection- Press down arrow 2 times
to select Level 3 then press enter.
11. Using Enter move over to NO and use
the Up Arrow to change it to YES
then press Enter and hours are reset.
8. Enter in the 6 Digit Password 6 6 6 6
6 6, by using the Up Arrow to set the
digit to 6 then press Enter to move to
the next digit, and press the Up Arrow
to set to 6, repeat until last digit is set
to 6, then press Enter.
Press both Up & Down
Arrows again if the wrong password is
entered.
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Change NO to YES
12. Press down Arrow and CHANGE
OIL FILTER shows in the display.
Press Enter.
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13. Using Enter move over to NO and use
the Up Arrow to change it to YES
then press Enter and hours are reset.
877.283.7614
16. Press down Arrow and CHANGE
OIL FILTER shows in the display,
but the first Line is C--=. This is the
screen for the oil life. Press Enter.
Change NO to
YES
14. Press Down Arrow and CHANGE
SEP. (Separator) FILTER shows in
the display. Press Enter.
17. Using Enter move over to NO and use
the Up Arrow to change it to YES
then hit Enter and it resets the hours.
Change NO to YES
15. Using Enter move over to NO and use
the Up Arrow to change it to YES
then hit Enter and it resets the hours.
Separator filter should be set at 2000
hours
2000
1999
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18. Press down Arrow and CHECK
COMPRESSOR shows in the display.
Check belt condition and belt tension.
Give your compressor a good
overlook noting any changes since
last machine maintenance. Press
Enter.
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19. Using Enter move over to NO and use
the Up Arrow to change it to YES
then hit Enter and it resets the hours.
Change NO to YES
20. Press down Arrow and BEARING
LUBRICATE shows in the display.
Press Enter.
21. Using Enter move
over to NO and use the Up
Arrow to change it to YES
then hit Enter and it resets
the hours.
Change NO to YES
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22. After resetting the Bearing Lubricant
timer, you can return to the Main
Screen by Pressing the Down Arrow
until you are back to the Main Screen.
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Mechanical Components
1. Drive Motor
Drive motor is 4 pole with low RPM
(1750). This motor is also capable of
variable speed drive as a standard feature.
The motor is 12 lead, Y delta soft starting
for low amp draw. Overload protection is
installed for safety.
Normal electric current can fluctuate slightly
for various reasons but if the current
spikes, the overload protection causes the
motor(s) to stop. If this happens, the motors
must be reset manually.
Reasons for tripped overload protection:
a) Operator error: Improper regulations
of air exhaust pressure or other parts
of the system.
b) Branch circuit not sized correctly
c) Mechanical failures:
 Internal motor failure
 Improper motor phasing
 System setting error
 Blocked air/oil separator
filter
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Resetting Overload Protection
Disconnect, Tag & Lock out
Electrical power to unit, or
Electrical shock could result!
B. Locate BLUE reset
A. Using lock key, remove
button on relay attached
electrical panel from unit
to K1 contactor.
C. Once motor has cooled,
press-in on BLUE button
*Example of relay
on larger units.
If motor overload protection is caused by
any other reason, contact polar air
immediately!
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Mechanical Components (Continued)
2. Variable Speed Drive (Energy saving
device) Ready Cabinet
This cabinet has allocated space and
cooling fan to house variable speed drive
components. To convert to Variable
speed drive, contact Polar Air customer
service for more information, 1-877283-7614.
3. Air Suction Filter (Air Intake)
A dry type paper filter with filtration of 5 ppm, replace after first
600 hours of operation; then every 2000
hours, depending on environment. Refer
to the computer controls of the
compressor to monitor operating time
and reset maintenance timer when filter
is replaced. There is an automatic alarm
that can be set to remind operator of
service times.
4. Suction Valve
A suction Valve is a butterfly valve that
opens and closes during operation. When
PLC calls for air, the suction valve opens
through a solenoid valve to allow
compressor to load. When air pressure
reaches preset max level, the PLC closes
the suction valve allowing compressor to
pull vacuum and not compress air, or
unload.
5. Regulation Modulation Control
This device is included on all 100-200
hp models as an energy saving feature
for applications with duty cycles of 50%
or more. The device keeps amp load
lower by maintaining motor operation so
consistent air pressure is delivered under
heavy workloads. Units with lower duty
cycles should use online/offline
(min./max. pressure) control. Both
control methods are available so
appropriate features can be selected for
Different air demands. It is important to
monitor air demand since it takes 15%
more power to operate compressor for
every10 PSI of pressure increase.
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6. Air End
Two rotor shafts are mounted on
bearings parallel to each other in the
machine casing. The casing has an air
inlet at the top and an air outlet at the
bottom. The shafts have precisely
machined, helical shaped screw threads
which work together to compress air. Air
compression occurs through a four
course process:
A. Absorption
The position and shape of the rotor
shafts allow maximum air intake
from the inlet port. As the shafts
turn, the air is forced to move
between the grooves of the screw
threads.
B. Sealing and Conveyance
The air is sealed within the grooves
of the screw threads and conveyed,
or moved, through the machine
casing toward the air outlet.
C. Compression and Lubrication
The rotor shaft screw threads are
designed with decreasing space
between the grooves. As air is
moves through them, it becomes
pressurized and actuates the
lubrication process. Lubricating oil is
pressurized and injected into the
compression chamber during
operation for the following reasons:
a. To form protective film on rotors
to avoid contact and reduce
friction.
b. To seal in the compressed air to
improve compressor efficiency.
c. To absorb heat to maintain
optimal power.
d. To reduce operating noise.
D. Exhaust
When the air has reached the end of
the rotor shafts, it is fully pressurized
and exhausted into the air tank. As
the rotors turn, the compression
process continues
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Mechanical Components (Continued)
7. Exhaust Probe
The probe is temperature sensitive and
located at the air outlet of the rotary
screw casing. When exhaust temperature
exceeds 210˚F (98.8˚C), the system
automatically powers OFF. The
temperature of the air exhaust can be
read on a display panel located on the
PLC. Common reasons for excessive
exhaust temperatures:
 low oil level
 inoperable exhaust fan
 improper ventilation causing ambient
air
 temperature to be too hot
 clogged oil filter
 clogged radiator not allowing airflow to cool oil
! It is important to keep the
circulating fan and cooler fins clean
to prevent the compressor from
shutting down. Low air pressure can
be used to blow them off or if
needed, use water-based solvent to
clean.
8. Oil Cooler
The oil cooler function is to cool the hot
oil from compressor pump and return oil
to the air oil separator tank. It is
important to keep the cooler fins clean to
prevent the compressor from high
temperature shut down. Low air pressure
can be used to blow them off or if
needed, use water-based solvent to
clean.
9. Oil Filter
The oil filter is a paper filter with a
Filtration of 10 PPM. It removes
Impurities and protects the bearings
and rotors. Replace the filter core every
2000 hours or annually, whichever
comes first. Replace oil and filter after
first 600 hours of operation. Refer to the
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computer controls of the compressor to
monitor operating time and remember to
reset maintenance timer when filter is
replaced. An automatic alarm can be set
to remind operator of service times.
10. Air/Oil Separator Tank
This is a steel pressure vessel used to
store lubricating oil and to separate the
compressed air and the lubricating oil. An
oil sight gauge is installed on one end of
the air/oil separator tank. Make sure oil
level is at high oil level indicator when
unit is shut down. During operation, the
oil level should stay between the high oil
level line and the lowest oil level line.
After the machine has been shut down for
an hour, open the drain valve slightly,
that’s under the air/oil separator tank, to
drain condensed water in the tank. This
drain valve can also be used to gather oil
for oil analysis. Refer to warranty
statement for analysis requirements.
Replace lubricating oil after first 600
hours of operation, then every 2000 hours
or more often if needed. Refer to the
computer controls of the compressor to
monitor operating time and to reset
maintenance timer when filter is
replaced. An automatic alarm can be set
to remind operator of service times.
Use only Polar Air oil,
model no. Oil003. For food manufacturing
applications, use model no. Oil001. Use of
any other product causes product damage
and voids the warranty. Refer to warranty
statement for oil requirements.
11. Air/Oil Separator Filter
During the process of air compression
from pump, air and oil are mixed
together to lubricate, seal and cool
compressor rotors. This air and oil is
transferred to air/oil separator tank
and then the air/oil separator filter
removes oil mist from the compressed
air. The filter core is made of multiplelayer fine glass fibers. The filter reduces
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Mechanical Components (Continued)
the oil particle size and can lower
content to less than 3 PPM. During
normal operation, the air/oil separator
filter can be used for about 2000 hours
or annually, whichever comes first.
Refer to the computer controls of the
compressor to monitor operating time
and remember to reset maintenance
timer when filter is replaced. There is an
automatic alarm that can be set to
remind operator of service times
12. Safety Valve
The ASME certified safety valve on the
air/oil separator tank is set to open when
the pressure exceeds 175 PSI (12.1 bar).
NEVER attempt to operate machine
without ASME safety valve.
13. Blow Down Valve
The blow down valve is a two-way valve
normally open. When the machine is
shut down or the compressor is
unloaded, the vent valve opens and
relieves pressure in the air/oil separator
tank to ensure the compressor will not be
started under load.
14. Check Valve
A minimum pressure check valve is
installed after the air oil separator filter.
The starting pressure is set at over 43.5
PSI (3 bar). The functions of the
minimum pressure valve are as follows:
a) Actuates oil lubrication of the air
end.
b) Regulates air flow through the air
separator filter to prevent damage to
the separator filter element. Air flow
begins when pressure in the air / oil
separator tank reaches 43.5 PSI (3
bar).
c) Prevents back flow from the air
receiver tank into the air / oil
separator tank. This component
serves as a built-in check valve. No
additional check valve is needed for
installation.
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15. After Cooler
The air flows through the check valve
then enters the after cooler. The fan on
the air cooled after cooler radiator draws
in ambient air and blows it through the
radiator cores to reduce heat in the
compressed air and lubricating oil
exhausted from the rotary screw pump.
The heat absorbed in the radiator cores is
discharged from the screw cabinet
because of the cooling fan and generally
reduces air temperature by 60˚F (15˚C).
If ambient air temperature exceeds
112˚F (45˚C), the System may overheat.
It is important to operate the compressor
in a well ventilated area for the cooling
process to be effective.
16. Air Storage Tank (optional, not shown)
The air storage tank can serve as cushion
to keep output pressure relatively stable.
It can also reduce operating temperature,
remove moisture content, provide
cleaner air and reduce the load of the
dryer. A larger tank also reduces the
cycling of the suction valve. As
a guideline, for every CFM the
compressor produces, a minimum of 1.2
gal. of air storage is needed.
17. Refrigerated Dryer/Coalescing Filter
(optional, not shown)
The refrigerated dryer removes moisture
content. The coalescing filter removes
oil droplets and impurities in the
compressed air. The refrigerated
dyer/coalescing filter operates best with
an automatic drain that removes water
condensation collected during the air
drying process.
Operation
Safety Rules
1. Make sure all operators receive
product training, read and understand
all instructions.
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To avoid fires, keep all
flammable,combustible
, poisonous and noxious
materials away from
operating area. Make sure there are no
oily rags, trash, leaves, litter or other
combustible materials in operating area.
Keep suitable, fully charged fire
extinguishers nearby when servicing and
operating the compressor.
2. NEVER allow modifications to
compressor structure or controls.
3. Keep all ignition sources away from
exposed live electrical parts.
4. Keep all persons clear of compressor
during start-up and operation.
This unit can automatically start! Before
attempting any repairs or adjustments,
disconnect, lock out and
verify all power
is off to all circuits to
minimize the possibility of
accidental start-up or
operation. This is especially
important for remotely controlled
compressors. Serious injury could result.
5. NEVER operate the compressor with
the fan, coupling or other guards
removed or with access doors open.
6. DO NOT engage in horseplay with
air hoses as death or serious injury
may result.
7. Provide adequate ventilation and use
proper lubricant while operating the
compressor. Clean-up immediately
any spilled lubricant or other
combustible substances.
8. Shut off compressor and allow it to
cool before checking or adding
lubricant, or when refilling air line
anti-icer systems with antifreeze
compound. Keep sparks, flames and
other ignition sources away and DO
NOT permit smoking in the area.
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9. Stop compressor and disconnect
power if a
Hazardous condition arises.
10. Wear snug fitting clothing and
confine long hair when around
compressor. Keep all body parts and
clothing away from couplings, fans
and other moving parts of the
equipment.
11. Keep hands, feet, floor controls and
walking surfaces clean and dry.
To avoid serious injury,
keep all persons away
from the discharge
opening of hoses or tools
or other points of compressed air
discharge. If the machine is installed in an
enclosed area, be sure to vent the relief
valve outside of the structure or to an
unoccupied area.
12. DO NOT use air tools that are rated
below the maximum rating of the
compressor. Select air tools, air
hoses, pipes, valves, filters and other
fittings accordingly. DO NOT
exceed manufacturer’s rated safe
operating pressures for these items.
13. Make sure all hose connections are
adequately secured to prevent tools
or hose ends from being accidentally
disconnected.
14. Coolants and lubricants used in this
compressor contain chemicals that
can harmful or fatal. Take care to
avoid accidental ingestion and/or
skin contact. In case of ingestion,
seek medical treatment promptly.
Wash with soap and water after skin
contact.
15. Antifreeze compound used in air line
anti-icer systems contains methanol
which is harmful or fatal if
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Safety Rules (Continued)
swallowed. Avoid contact with the skin
or eyes and avoid breathing the fumes.
Wear goggles or a full face
Shield when adding antifreeze
compound to air line anti-icer
systems.



If swallowed, induce vomiting and
call a physician immediately.
In case of eye contact, wash eyes
with
plenty of clean water for 15 minutes
then contact eye doctor
immediately.
Never store antifreeze compound in
confined areas.
Initial Checks
Be sure to make physical checks of the compressor to avoid serious failure before startup.
1. Make sure compressor is properly
grounded and verify voltage is
correct, especially when using a
three phase power.
2. Double check internal control
transformer before applying power to
unit. Make sure wiring is correct to
avoid damage to circuitry and PLC.
Refer to wiring diagram, figure 7.
3. Check for correct oil level. To avoid
overfilling, check for correct oil level
after machine has been stopped for at
least 10 minutes. If oil needs to be
added, make sure all pressure is
relieved before opening fill port. Use
only Polar Air lubricating oil. Also
make sure oil level does not drop
below low level line on site glass
during operation. If it does, stop
compressor immediately, let rest for
10 minutes, then add oil.
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Air/Oil Separator tank is a
pressurized component. To
avoid serious injury, be
sure system pressure is
relieved before removing
fill plug. Be aware oil temperature may be
very hot. Use caution when opening fill
plug.
Use only Polar Air oil,
model no.Oil003. For food manufacturing
applications, use model no. Oil001. Use of
any other product causes product damage
and voids the warranty. Refer to warranty
statement for oil requirements.
4. If compressor has sat idle for some
time, add approx. 0.5 L of Polar Air
Rotary Screw lubricating oil to
suction valve. Then hand rotate
compressor several times to prevent
equipment damage. Check to ensure
no foreign matter has entered the
system.
5. Make sure shipping brackets have
been removed. Refer to figure 2 in
installation section.
6. Ensure all pipes and plugs are tight
before Starting compressor.
Start-Up
1. Slightly open drain valve on air/oil
separator tank to drain any
condensed water. Failure to do this
shortens service life of lubricating oil
and destroy the bearings. Be sure to
close valve after draining water.
2. Check “Emergency Stop” function
by pressing the button shortly after
pressing ON button.
3. Do not operate the machine if there
is any abnormal noise or vibration
during operation. Call Polar Air
service for assistance.
4. Press ON button to begin operation.
After unit starts, a time delay of
approximately 5 seconds occurs and
a “LOADING” message displays on
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PLC screen. This means the pump is
operating and the compressor is
building pressure.
5. Monitor display panel for normal
readings such as amp draw and
voltage. Push OFF button if there are
any abnormal sounds vibration or oil
leakage.
6. Check that oil exhaust temperature is
maintained between 160˚ - 190˚ F
(70˚ - 88˚ C). Cooling fan cycles as
needed to cool oil temperature.
7. After OFF button is pressed, the
motor continues to run for approx.
10-15 seconds and blow-down valve
automatically discharges pressure
from air/oil separator tank. This is
to prevent the air compressor from
stopping under heavy-load.
8. Record these instrument readings on
a regular basis and retain for future
reference:
 Voltage
 Current
 Air pressure
 Air exhaust temperature
 Oil level
 Maintenance parameter
Power Outages
Once power is restored
after a power outage the controls will show a
“Power Fault” error. Press the Enter button
to reset and restart the compressor.
Storage
1. If the machine is stopped for over
three weeks:
a) Wrap electrical equipment such
as the control panel with plastic
or oil paper to avoid
condensation.
b) Completely drain water in the oil
cooler, the back cooler and the
oil/air separator tank.
c) Make sure any unsafe conditions
are clearly stated or repaired.
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2. If the machine is not run for more
than two months:
a) Seal all ports to prevent moisture
or dust accumulation.
b) Wrap safety valve & control
panel with oil paper or an
equivalent to avoid rust.
c) Replace lubricating oil then run
machine for 30 minutes. Drain
condensed water in the oil/air
separator tank and the oil cooler
2-3 days later.
d) Move machine to a clean, dry
place.
Restarting Procedure
1. Remove any wrappings from system
components.
2. Ensure electric motor is properly
insulated.
3. Perform initial checks then follow
procedures for start up.
Maintenance
Safety Steps
To avoid shock and
serious personal injury,
disconnect, tag and lock
out power source then
release all pressure from
the system before attempting to
install, service, relocate or perform
ANY maintenance.
To avoid serious personal
injury, when performing
service in any enclosure
large enough to hold a
man, inform others then
be sure to tag and keep open any
access doors. Before closing and
latching access doors, make sure
all persons are clear from
enclosure.
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Safety Steps (Continued)
1. Make sure repairs are done in a
clean, dry, well lighted and
ventilated area.
2. When cleaning, use air pressure less
than 30 psig (2.1bar). Also use
effective chip guarding and personal
protective equipment per OSHA
standard 29 CFR 1910.242 (b).
3. Relieve all internal pressure prior to
opening any line, fitting, hose, valve,
drain plug, connection or other
component, such as filters and line
oilers, and before refilling optional
air line anti-icer systems with
antifreeze compound.
4. Keep sound reducing material, any
external surfaces of the air
compressor or internal surfaces of
the enclosure free from fluids and
build-up. Clean with water based
industrial cleaner or steam clean as
necessary. Remove then replace
sound reducing materials as needed
to clean all surfaces. Immediately
replace any sound reducing material
with torn or punctured protective
covering to prevent accumulation of
liquids or build-up inside the
material. NEVER use flammable
solvents for cleaning purposes.
5. Keep electrical wiring, including all
terminals and pressure connectors in
good condition. Replace any wiring
that has cracked, cut, or otherwise
damaged insulation. Replace
terminals that are worn, discolored or
corroded. Keep all terminals and
pressure connectors clean and tight.
6. Keep all body parts and any handheld tools or other conductive
objects away from exposed live parts
of the electrical system. When
making repairs or adjustments, stand
on a dry, insulated surface and DO
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NOT contact any other portion of the
compressor.
7. DO NOT leave compressor
unattended with exposed electrical
components. Be sure to tag and
disconnect all power if temporary
absence is necessary.
Compressor components
can become hot during
operation. Avoid bodily
contact with hot liquids,
hot surfaces and sharp
Edges and corners, or
burns or personal injury
could result.
Lubricating Oil
To avoid water condensation during
operation, keep oil temperature between
160˚ - 190˚ F
(70˚ - 88˚ C). Failure to do so causes pump
damage. Contact Polar Air service if
temperature drops below 160˚ F (70˚ C).
Changing Oil
Air/Oil Separator
tank is a Pressurized
component. To avoid
serious injury, be sure
system pressure is
relieved before
removing fill plug. Be
aware oil temperature
may be very hot. Use
caution when opening
fill plug.
Oil Capacities
7.5-10hp
1.3 Gallons
15-20hp
25-30hp
40-60hp
75-100hp
125-150
175-200hp
1.5 Gallons
2.5 Gallons
5.5 Gallons
8 Gallons
18 Gallons
24 Gallons
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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Changing Oil
1. Shut down compressor and allow
machine to set for 5-10 minutes.
2. Drain oil completely. Be sure to
include oil in system piping, cooler
and air/oil separator tank. Close
drain valve.
3. Remember to remove and change oil
filter, taking care to avoid hot oil
during replacement.
4. Open oil fill port and add new oil.
DO NOT OVERFILL.
Residual oil may still be in the compressor.
The above capacities can be used for
guidelines, but use the upper arrow fill line
on the sight glass (See page 7). Over filling
causes oil to blowout the inlet valve and
through the air filter, also oil could push
past the separation system resulting in oil in
the air lines.
Use only Polar Air oil, model
no.Oil003. For food manufacturing
applications, use model no. Oil001. Use of any
other product causes product damage and
voids the warranty. Refer to warranty
statement for oil requirements
Failure to perform regular
oil changes may cause equipment damage
and will void warranty. Oil must be changed
annually regardless of hours used.
Belts
To avoid serious personal
injury, be sure to relieve all
system pressure then lock out
power and tag compressor to
prevent unexpected movement
of the unit.
Inspect belt tension after first 30 hours of
operation then every two weeks.
1. Check belt tension on each
individual belt in the center of each
pulley, and should have ¼”deflection
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up and ¼” deflection down. When
tighting belts use spring loaded belt
tensioner, after belts are tight be sure
to use both nuts to lock spring
tensioner to prevent loosening during
operation
2. Always replace all belts with the
same brand, at the same time. Make
sure belts are uni-matched. Do not
replace belts independently.
3. Do not splash lubricating oil on belts
or pulleys when adjusting or
replacing belts.
System Pressure
System pressure is factory set but
can be regulated depending on
operating conditions. Refer to
computer control specifications for
setting adjustments or PLC operating
manual.
Safety Valve
TO AVOID SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH,
NEVER ATTEMPT TO
REGULATE OR TAMPER
WITH SAFETY VALVE.
VALVE IS SEALED AND
CERTIFIED BY ASME CODE AND IS
DESIGNED TO RELIEVE SYSTEM
PRESSURE WHEN NECESSARY.
Air/Oil Separator
Filter
Air/Oil Separator tank is
a pressurized component.
To avoid serious injury,
be sure system pressure
is relieved before removing filter. Be aware
oil temperature may be very hot. Use caution
when changing filter.
1. Relieve all air pressure from air/oil
separator tank, then wait
approximately
5-10 minutes before replacing filter.
2. Replace air/oil separator filter. Do
not attempt to clean.
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
www.eatoncompressor .com
OPTIONAL:( highly recommended) Cabinet
Intake Filter(s)
Current rotary screw compressors can now be
ordered with air-intake filters which reduce the
amount of airborne debris being pulled into the
unit, thus reducing the frequency of maintenance
and cleaning of the interior of the cabinet. These
filters are easily changed or installed on current
models; Number of filters (1 to 3) varies with
model. Typical filter installation is shown
below. These kits are HIGHLY recommended by
Eaton Compressor as a part of your equipment
protection plan. The kit will help defend against
Normal or Harsh shop air conditions. For a little
money now you can save lots of money later!
Use only OEM filters. Other filters may create air
restrictions, causing overheating issues.
Remove 2
Phillips-head
screws on
large panel to
access or
install filter.
Remove 4 Phillips-head
screws on small panel to
access or install filter.
Filtration is a Key Part of Your New Compressed Air
System The filters work together with pneumatic
components to preserve pneumatic efficiency.
Our New PrefilterKit will protect the life of your
new Eaton Compressor.
•Available from 5hp up to 400hp models.
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This is an example of no-prefiltration and the damage is can
cause!
Dirt Build over time can
seriously impact the
performance of you
compressor and increase
maintenance cost
Our Pre-Filter kits use special MERV
rated filters to remove dirt and
debris, but allow free air flow so that
you will not see any loss of CFM or
PSI. The filters have a pleated design
to maximize the surface area
available to trap dirt particles.
Desiccant dust can wear pneumatic
components prematurely, adding a
Prefilter kit to your compressed air
system will save you $MONEY$ on
maintenance by extending the life of
your primary filters and preventing
premature wear on compressor
components.
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Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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877.283.7614
Maintenance Schedule
Daily
Weekly
500 hrs.
1000 hrs.
2000 hrs./6
months
 Check oil level
 Check coolant level
 Clean air filter
 Check belt tension
 Change lubricating oil (after first 500 hrs.)
 Replace oil filter
 Inspect & lubricate suction valve
 Check belt tension
 Change oil & replace filter
 Replace air filter
 Replace air/oil separator filter
 Grease electric motor bearings
 Blow-out radiator
 Check belt tension
 Check & tighten all electrical
connections/terminals
NOTES:
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 Check safety valve
 Drain condensed water
 General unit cleaning
 Grease electric motor bearings
 Blow-out radiator
 Clean/replace air filter
 Replace oil filter
 Clean suction valve
 Inspect 3 direction magnetic
valve
 Inspect minimum pressure
valve
 Inspect motion of magnetic
contactor
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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877.283.7614
Troubleshooting Chart
Problem
Compressor shuts
down under
compression
mode/while loading
(Continued)
Possible Causes
Resolutions
1.
Loss of Control Voltage
2.
Reset-Press Enter button on controls. If
trouble persists, check line pressure does
not exceed maximum operating pressure
of the compressor (specified on
nameplate)
3.
Low incoming Voltage
3.
Wire size for power supply too small.
Contact local power company.
1.
Air demand too high
1.
Decrease air consumption or increase
number of compressors in system
2.
Blocked air filter
2.
Clean or replace air filter
3.
Suction valve not opening
properly which reduces
incoming air flow
3.
Disassemble and clean suction valve.
Apply lubricating oil to valve
4.
Improperly adjusted pressure
regulator
4.
Adjust pressure regulator to proper
settings. Refer to PLC manual
5.
Load solenoid not operating
properly
5.
Disassemble and clean solenoid valve.
Replace if needed. Check for proper
voltage – 220V required
6.
Improper maintenance/Failed
to reset hours
6.
Check maintenance parameter. Make
sure operating time does not exceed
preset limit. Reset Maintenance Timer –
see page 14
7.
Low oil level
7.
Add oil
8.
V-belts slipping
8.
Adjust belt tension
9.
Air leak
9.
Check compressor & complete air
system for air leaks
Air pressure is too low
Line pressure exceeds
upper preset safety
limit
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10. Compressor running in unload
mode
10. Check pressure settings in PLC; make
sure unload pressure is set properly (is
equipped with VFD contact tech support
on how to check pressures
1.
Control system leak causing
pressure signals to be lost.
1.
Check pressure sensor for leaks and/or
air restriction. Repair as needed.
2.
Defective pressure sensor
2.
Check for damage to diaphragm and
contacts. Replace if necessary.
3.
Defective solenoid valve
3.
Replace valve
4.
Defective blow-down valve
4.
Check that sump pressure is exhausted
to the atmosphere when machine is
unloaded. Repair or replace if necessary
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
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Problem
Line pressure exceeds
upper preset safety limit
(Continued)
Air exhaust temperature
lower than normal
Excessive air exhaust
temperature causing
compressor to shutdown
Excessive oil
consumption
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Resolutions
Possible Causes
5.
High pressure shut-down preset
is incorrectly programmed
5.
Reset to proper setting. Refer to PLC
manual.
6.
Additional compressor piped into
system causing preset to be
exceeded
6.
Reset additional compressor pressure
settings to 145 psi or lower
1. Compressor running under no-load 1. Reset Motor shut-down time in PLC
excessively
2. Incorrect fan temperature
parameter setting in PLC
2. Reset to proper setting. Refer to PLC manual
3. Temperature sensor malfunction
3. Replace temperature sensor
1.
Low oil level
1.
Add oil
2.
Incorrect oil used
2.
Drain all oil & replace with Polar Air
compressor oil only
3.
Blocked oil filter
3.
Replace oil filter
4.
Surrounding temperature too high
4.
5.
Blocked cooler
5.
Check for air exhaust blockage. Increase
area ventilation
Clean cooler
6.
Temperature sensor malfunction
6.
Replace temperature sensor
7.
75HP & above-Bad Thermo valve
7.
Replace Thermo valve
8.
Cooling fan failure
8.
Replace cooling fan
1.
Clogged return/scavage line or
orifice
1.
Clear blockage; clean orifice
2.
Damaged or improperly
functioning air/oil separator filter
2.
Change air/oil filter
3.
Excessive foaming
3.
Drain and change oil. Use only Polar Air
oil, model no. Oil003. For food
manufacturing applications, use model
no. Oil001. Use of any other product
causes product damage and voids the
warranty. Refer to warranty statement for
oil requirements.
Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
www.eatoncompressor .com
Troubleshooting Chart
Possible Causes
Problem
Excessive oil
consumption (Continued)
Pressure relief valve
opens repeatedly
AL02-Motor Overload
Fault
877.283.7614
Resolutions
4.
Oil level too high
4.
Drain oil then check at sight glass for proper
level
5.
Lubrication system leak
5.
Check all pipes, connections and
components. Repair as needed
6.
Low minimum pressure in
separator tank
6.
Minimum pressure should be 65 psi
1.
High pressure shut-down preset
is improperly programmed
1.
Reprogram high pressure safety setting to
155 psi (10.7bar)
2.
Defective pressure relief
2.
Replace valve.
3.
Clogged air/oil separator filter
3.
Replace filter
1. Motor overload protection tripped
1. Allow unit to cool; reset overload protection
2. Bad wire connections causing over
amperage of motor
2. turn unit off and check unit for loose or bad
connections
3. Overload relay set too low
3. Check the overload setting on relay
1.
Defective moisture
separator/Drain trap
1.
Inspect & clean if required; Replace
separator if necessary
2.
Trap drain or drain piping blocked
2.
Inspect & clean
3.
After cooler core dirty
3.
Inspect & clean
4.
No after cooler on unit
4.
Install after cooler
5.
Drain line/drip leg incorrectly
installed
5.
Slope drain line away from trap; Install drip
leg
6.
No refrigerated or desiccant dryer
in air system
6.
Contact Eaton Compressor
1.
V-belts slipping
1.
Adjust belt tension or replace belts
2.
2.
Replace bearing; Contact Eaton Compressor
3.
Compressor defective (Bearing
failure or rotor contact)
Enclosure panels not in place
3.
Install enclosure panels
4.
Loose component mounting
4.
Inspect & tighten
5.
Shipping brackets in place
5.
Remove shipping brackets
Water in air system
Excessive noise level
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Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
Revision July.2015
www.eatoncompressor .com
877.283.7614
Troubleshooting Chart
Problem
Possible Causes
Resolutions
Excessive vibration
1. Loose component mounting
1. Inspect & tighten
2. Motor or compressor bearing
failure
2. Replace bearing; Contact Eaton
Compressor
3. External sources
3. Check for other sources of vibration,
other than the compressor
4. V-belts slipping
4. Adjust belt tension or replace belts
5. Shipping brackets in place
5. Remove shipping brackets
1. V-belts loose
1. Adjusted belt tension
2. Sheave misaligned
2. Align sheaves
3. Excessive belt wear
3. Replace belts
4. Using non-OEM belt
4. Use ONLY OEM parts
1. Defective shaft seal
1. Replace or contact Eaton Compressor
1. Blown fuse/breaker for
control voltage
1. Replace fuse or reset breaker
2. Faulty E-Stop button –
causing break in control
voltage circuit
2. Replace E-Stop button
1. Check valve installed
between compressor &
storage tank
1. Remove check valve
2. Dryer frozen-up restricting air
flow
2. Bypass dryer, if available; allow dryer
to thaw; if symptom persist, make
adjustments to dryer
3. Inline filter between
compressor & storage tank is
clogged
3. Replace filter
Black residue on belt
guards
Shaft seal leak
During start-up, PLC
shows normal running
functions, but
compressor not
running
Low air pressure in
storage tank while
compressor maintains
programmed air
pressure
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Polar Compressor Rotary Screw Compressors
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Warranty Statement
EATON COMPRESSOR AND FABRICATION CO., INC. (and each of its subsidiaries, including POLAR AIR COMPRESSORS, INC.)
provides the following Warranty:
THAT EACH ROTARY SCREW AIR COMPRESSOR BE FREE FROM DEFECTS IN MATERIAL, WORKMANSHIP, AND PARTS FOR 10 YEARS
FROM THE DATE OF PURCHASE ON THE ROTARY SCREW AIR COMPRESSOR PUMP, AND 5 YEARS FROM THE DATE OF PURCHASE
ON THE ELECTRIC MOTOR AND THE REST OF UNIT, (EXCLUSIVE OF NORMAL WEAR AND TEAR PARTS, INCLUDED BUT NOT
LIMITED TO VALVES (INTAKE/SUCTION, CHECK, BLOW DOWN, THERMO, POP OFF, UNLOADER, AND BALL), BELTS, SHAFT SEALS,
LOAD/UNLOAD SOLENOIDS, SENSORS (TEMPERATURE OR PRESSURE), ELECTRICAL CONTACTORS AND RELAYS, AND OIL AND
FILTERS USED FOR ROUTINE MAINTENANCE). Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. (and each of its subsidiaries) is not
responsible for any downtime incurred during warranty service. If downtime is necessary, it is at the Purchaser’s discretion and
obligation (Purchaser’s Expense) to have a redundant UNIT. Warranty repairs shall not include freight costs. If necessary, the
Purchaser is responsible for returning unit and/or applicable part(s) to Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. Exclusions
include: service such as oil changes, filter replacements, gasket tightening to correct oil seepage or drive belt tightening and valve
cleaning. These are routine services and are not covered under warranty.
The rotary screw air compressor unit MUST have Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. Synthetic Lubricant exclusively, which
must be purchased from Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. (Mixing different brands of oil WILL VOID this warranty and
may cause the rotors to varnish). All air filters, oil filters, and air/oil separator filters must be purchased exclusively from Eaton
Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. for this warranty to apply.
Annual participation in all oil/maintenance programs is required by original purchaser of the unit outlined by the following:
Purchaser will receive an oil sample kit provided by Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. at no cost, with the unit purchase.
The oil sample kit will contain 20 oil sample containers.
One oil sample is to be sent for analysis by an oil analysis lab chosen by Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc., every six
months, so that oil is tested twice annually.
Oil samples are obtained by draining 4 ounces of oil into the provided container, then mailing oil sample container and
documentation provided in kit, to the laboratory address provided within kit.
The laboratory will perform an oil analysis and email a report to Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. who will contact by
email (address required when oil sample is provided), only if there is a problem with the sample.
FAILURE OF ORIGINAL PURCHASER TO COMPLY WITH ANY OF THE ABOVE CONDITIONS PERTAINING TO OIL ANALYSIS WILL
VOID THE COMPLETE UNIT WARRANTY!
Purchaser must provide upon request, annual proof of purchase of the required maintenance kit, including oil and all filters. The
purchase may be made by the purchaser directly, or through a service provider performing maintenance for the purchaser,
however, the purchase must be from Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc.
A full detailed maintenance schedule must be sent to Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. once a year with the total service
completed quarterly, outlining each air filter, oil filter, separator filter, and oil change with the total hours on the unit when each
maintenance was performed.
FAILURE TO FULLY COMPLY WITH THESE CONDITIONS AND FULLY COMPLY WITH THE MANUAL HEREIN WILL VOID THIS
WARRANTY.
PLEASE NOTE:
In environments where fine dust is common, such as granite, marble or concrete plants, the compressor MUST be installed in a
separate area with its own dedicated ventilation. FAILURE TO PROVIDE THIS DUST FREE OPERATING AREA VOIDS THE
WARRANTY!
Parts used for warranty purposes must be supplied by Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. Warranty work shall be
performed only by an approved Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. Technician. If any maintenance (other than routine
maintenance) is performed by a non-approved Eaton Compressor and Fabrication Co., Inc. Technician, written pre approval must be
obtained to prevent voiding this warranty. Failure to fully comply with the manual herein will void this warranty.
ALL WARRANTIES ARE NON TRANSFERABLE.
The oil purchase program is effective as of January 1, 2011.
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