AVT Mako
Technical Manual
AVT GigE Vision Cameras
V2.0.4
28 February 2014
Allied Vision Technologies GmbH
Taschenweg 2a
D-07646 Stadtroda / Germany
Legal notice
For customers in the U.S.A.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a residential environment. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used
in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However there is no guarantee that interferences will not occur in a particular installation.
If the equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the distance between the equipment and the receiver.
Use a different line outlet for the receiver.
Consult a radio or TV technician for help.
You are cautioned that any changes or modifications not expressly approved in this manual could
void your authority to operate this equipment. The shielded interface cable recommended in this
manual must be used with this equipment in order to comply with the limits for a computing
device pursuant to Subpart B of Part 15 of FCC Rules.
For customers in Canada
This apparatus complies with the Class B limits for radio noise emissions set out in the Radio
Interference Regulations.
Pour utilisateurs au Canada
Cet appareil est conforme aux normes classe B pour bruits radioélectriques, spécifiées dans le
Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique.
Life support applications
These products are not designed for use in life support appliances, devices, or systems where malfunction of these products can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Allied Vision
Technologies customers using or selling these products for use in such applications do so at their
own risk and agree to fully indemnify Allied Vision Technologies for any damages resulting from
such improper use or sale.
Trademarks
Unless stated otherwise, all trademarks appearing in this document of Allied Vision Technologies
are brands protected by law.
Warranty
The information provided by Allied Vision Technologies is supplied without any guarantees or
warranty whatsoever, be it specific or implicit. Also excluded are all implicit warranties concerning the negotiability, the suitability for specific applications or the non-breaking of laws and patents. Even if we assume that the information supplied to us is accurate, errors and inaccuracy may
still occur.
Copyright
All texts, pictures and graphics are protected by copyright and other laws protecting intellectual
property. It is not permitted to copy or modify them for trade use or transfer, nor may they be used
on websites.
Allied Vision Technologies GmbH 02/2014
All rights reserved.
Managing Director: Mr. Frank Grube
Tax ID: DE 184383113
Headquarters:
Taschenweg 2a
D-07646 Stadtroda, Germany
Tel.: +49 (0)36428 6770
Fax: +49 (0)36428 677-28
e-mail: info@alliedvisiontec.com
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
2
Contents
Contacting Allied Vision Technologies ............................................................... 5
Introduction ................................................................................................................ 6
Document history ................................................................................................................ 6
Conventions used in this manual............................................................................................. 7
Styles ........................................................................................................................... 7
Symbols ........................................................................................................................ 7
More information ................................................................................................................ 8
Before operation ................................................................................................................. 8
Heat dissipation.............................................................................................................. 9
Camera cleaning instructions ............................................................................. 10
Warranty ..................................................................................................................... 10
Avoiding the necessity of camera cleaning ......................................................................... 10
Is it an impurity? – Identifying impurities........................................................................... 11
Where is the impurity? – Locating impurities....................................................................... 11
Cleaning Instructions..................................................................................................... 12
About Mako GigE cameras ................................................................................... 14
Conformity................................................................................................................. 15
FCC – Class B Device ....................................................................................................... 15
Specifications........................................................................................................... 16
Mako G-032B/C ................................................................................................................. 16
Mako G-125B/C ................................................................................................................. 18
Mako G-223B/C (NIR) ......................................................................................................... 20
Mako G-419B/C (NIR) ......................................................................................................... 22
Spectral sensitivity ............................................................................................................ 24
Filter and lenses ...................................................................................................... 29
IR cut filter....................................................................................................................... 29
Camera lenses................................................................................................................... 29
Mako G-032.................................................................................................................. 30
Mako G-125.................................................................................................................. 30
Mako G-223.................................................................................................................. 31
Mako G-419.................................................................................................................. 31
Camera dimensions ................................................................................................ 32
Tripod adapter .................................................................................................................. 32
Cross section: C-Mount ....................................................................................................... 33
Cross section: CS-Mount...................................................................................................... 34
Adjustment of the C-Mount and CS-Mount............................................................................... 35
Mako standard housing....................................................................................................... 35
Camera interfaces .................................................................................................. 36
Status LEDs ...................................................................................................................... 36
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
3
Gigabit Ethernet port ......................................................................................................... 37
Mako I/O connector pin assignment ...................................................................................... 37
Mako input description................................................................................................... 38
Mako output description ................................................................................................. 39
Control signals.................................................................................................................. 41
Inputs......................................................................................................................... 41
Input/output pin control ................................................................................................ 41
Outputs....................................................................................................................... 41
Trigger timing diagram................................................................................................... 43
Notes on triggering ....................................................................................................... 43
Description of the data path ................................................................................ 45
Mako monochrome cameras ................................................................................................. 45
Mako with CCD sensors ................................................................................................... 45
Mako with CMOS sensors ................................................................................................. 45
Mako color cameras............................................................................................................ 46
Mako with CCD sensors ................................................................................................... 46
Mako with CMOS sensors ................................................................................................. 46
Camera features ................................................................................................................ 47
Frame memory .................................................................................................................. 54
Resolution and ROI frame rates ......................................................................... 55
Mako G-032B/C: ROI frame rates...........................................................................................
Mako G-125B/C: ROI frame rates...........................................................................................
Mako G-223B/C: ROI frame rates...........................................................................................
Mako G-419B/C: ROI frame rates...........................................................................................
56
57
58
59
Appendix .................................................................................................................... 60
Sensor position accuracy of AVT Mako cameras ........................................................................ 60
Index ........................................................................................................................... 61
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
4
Contacting Allied Vision Technologies
Contacting Allied Vision Technologies
Info
•

Technical information:
http://www.alliedvisiontec.com
•
Support:
support@alliedvisiontec.com
Allied Vision Technologies GmbH (Headquarters)
Taschenweg 2a
07646 Stadtroda, Germany
Tel.: +49 36428-677-0
Fax: +49 36428-677-28
e-mail: info@alliedvisiontec.com
Allied Vision Technologies Canada Inc.
101-3750 North Fraser Way
Burnaby, BC, V5J 5E9, Canada
Tel.: +1 604-875-8855
Fax: +1 604-875-8856
e-mail: info@alliedvisiontec.com
Allied Vision Technologies Inc.
38 Washington Street
Newburyport, MA 01950, USA
Toll Free number +1 877-USA-1394
Tel.: +1 978-225-2030
Fax: +1 978-225-2029
e-mail: info@alliedvisiontec.com
Allied Vision Technologies Asia Pte. Ltd.
82 Playfair Road
#07-02 D’Lithium
Singapore 368001
Tel.: +65 6634-9027
Fax: +65 6634-9029
e-mail: info@alliedvisiontec.com
Allied Vision Technologies (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.
2-2109 Hongwell International Plaza
1602# ZhongShanXi Road
Shanghai 200235, China
Tel.: +86 (21) 64861133
Fax: +86 (21) 54233670
e-mail: info@alliedvisiontec.com
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
5
Introduction
Introduction
This Mako Technical Manual describes in depth the technical specifications,
dimensions, all pixel formats, bandwidth and frame rate related subjects.
For detailed information on camera features and controls refer to the AVT GigE
Camera and Driver Features and AVT GigE Camera and Driver Attributes documents.
www
AVT Mako literature:
http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/us/support/downloads/
product-literature/mako.html

Note
We assume that you have already read the AVT GigE
Installation Guide and that you have installed the hardware
and software on your PC or laptop (Gigabit Ethernet network
card, cables). The AVT GigE Installation Guide contains
important safety warnings.

http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/emea/support/downloads/
product-literature/hardware-installation-guide.html
Document history
Version Date
Remarks
V2.0.0 2013-Aug-30 New Manual - RELEASE Status
V2.0.1 2013-Sep-11 •
•
•
•
Added table of contents
Added Camera cleaning instructions
Updated the specifications for Mako G-223 and G-419
Updated chapter Resolution and ROI frame rates on page 55
V2.0.2 2013-Sep-16 •
Updated the frame rate information for Mako G-223 and Mako G-419 in
Specifications and Resolution and ROI frame rates chapters
Updated introduction to include link to Mako literature webpage
Updated Status LEDs section
Added captions to tables in Camera lenses section
Added links to AVT GigE Camera and Driver Features document on page 45
and 47
•
•
•
•
to be continued on next page
Table 1: Document history
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
6
Introduction
Version Date
Remarks
continued from last page
V2.0.3 2013-Nov-27 •
•
•
•
•
V2.0.4 2014-Feb-28 •
•
•
•
•
•
•
Updated gain control values for Mako G-223B/C (NIR) and Mako G-223B/C
(NIR)
Updated Table 12: Status LED (green) on page 36
Updated the note on StreamHoldCapacity in Specifications and Frame memory sections
Updated block diagrams in chapter Description of the data path on page 45
Updated the Index
Updated available color pixel formats for Mako G-223B/C (NIR)and Mako G223B/C (NIR)
Updated optional accessories in the Specifications chapter
Updated section Cross section: C-Mount on page 33
Added section Heat dissipation on page 9
Updated the operating temperature specification for Mako G-032B/C, Mako
G-125B/C, Mako G-223B/C (NIR), and Mako G-223B/C (NIR)
Updated block diagrams in chapter Description of the data path on page 45
to remove the RS232 mention
Added Hirose cable information on page 37
Table 1: Document history
Conventions used in this manual
To give this manual an easily understood layout and to emphasize important
information, the following typographical styles and symbols are used:
Styles
Style
Function
Example
Bold
Courier
Upper case
Italics
Parentheses and/or blue
Programs, inputs or highlighting important things
Code listings etc.
Register
Modes, fields
Links
bold
Input
REGISTER
Mode
(Link)
Table 2: Styles
Symbols
Note
This symbol highlights important information.

Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
7
Introduction
Caution

www

This symbol highlights important instructions. You have to
follow these instructions to avoid malfunctions.
This symbol highlights URLs for further information. The URL
itself is shown in blue.
Example: http://www.alliedvisiontec.com
More information
For more information on hardware and software read the following:
• The AVT GigE Installation Guide describes the hardware installation procedures for AVT GigE cameras and contains important safety instructions.
• AVT GigE Camera and Driver Features describes the camera controls of
AVT‘s VIMBA SDK (GenICam) and feature related items.
www

www

To download the AVT GigE Installation Guide and AVT GigE
Camera and Driver Features, go to:
http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/emea/support/downloads/
product-literature.html
Software packages (including documentation and release
notes) provided by AVT can be downloaded from:
http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/emea/products/
software.html
Before operation
Target group
Getting started
This Technical Manual is the guide to detailed technical information of the
camera and is written for experts.
For a quick guide on how to get started, read the AVT GigE Installation Guide
first.
Caution

Before operating any AVT camera, read the safety instructions
and ESD warnings in the AVT GigE Installation Guide.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
8
Introduction
Heat dissipation
Due to the small packaging and high speed of Mako cameras, take special care
to ensure that the housing temperature of the camera does not exceed 50 °C.
Following are general guidelines for heat dissipation:
Note

•
•
•
The housing temperature of the camera will gradually
increase during the first hour of operation and should
stabilize after that.
Mount the camera on a heat sink such as a metal bracket.
Lenses, when attached to a camera, act as a heat-sink and help reduce
housing temperature.
Ensure sufficient air flow. Use a fan if necessary.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
9
Camera cleaning instructions
Camera cleaning instructions
This chapter describes safety instructions/cautions valid for Mako cameras in
case of cleaning lenses, optical filters/protection glass or sensors.
Note
•

•
Caution
Warranty precautions

•
Please read these instructions before you contact your
AVT camera dealer for assistance.
Ask your AVT camera dealer if you are not familiar with
the procedures described below.
Warranty
•
To ensure your warranty remains in effect:
– Do not open the camera housing.
– Follow instructions described below.
– Use only optical quality tissue/cloth if you must clean
a lens or filter.
– Use only optics cleaner (60% ethyl alcohol, 40%
ether). Never use aggressive cleaners like benzine or
spirit. Such cleaners may destroy the surface.
– Do not use compressed air which can push dust
into camera and lens.
AVT does not warranty against any physical damage to
the sensor/filter/protection glass or lenses. Use utmost
care when cleaning optical components.
Avoiding the necessity of camera cleaning
When screwing/unscrewing the camera lens or dust cap, hold the camera with
the C-Mount / CS-Mount opening towards the floor as shown in figure 1. This
minimizes the possibility of any contaminants falling on the glass surface.
Always store cameras and lenses with dust-caps installed.
Figure 1: Illustration of camera orientation when removing lens or dust cap
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
10
Camera cleaning instructions
Is it an impurity? – Identifying impurities
If you observe any image artefacts in your video preview of your Mako camera
you may have impurities either on the lens, filter/protection glass or, on the
sensor protection glass. Every Mako camera gets cleaned prior to sealing and
shipment; however, impurities may develop due to handling or unclean environments.
As shown in figure 2, impurities (dust, particles or fluids) on the sensor or
optical components appear as a dark area, patch or spot on the image and
remain fixed in the preview window while you rotate the camera over the target.
Do not confuse this with a pixel defect which appears as a distinct point. Particles can either rest loosely or can be more or less stuck to the optical surface.
Figure 2: Image with tiny dust on the filter (left) and dust on the sensor (right)
Where is the impurity? – Locating impurities
Before you dismount the lens you should find out if the impurity is on the filter,
lens or sensor. Therefore, you should capture a uniform image (e.g. a white
sheet of paper) with the camera. The affected optical surface is identified when
a suspected optical component is moved and the dirt follows this movement.
1.
If you move only the lens (not the camera) and the impurity moves as
well, the impurity is on the lens.
2.
If you move the IR cut filter/protection glass window and the impurity
moves as well:
Please carefully remove the filter/protection glass and clean it on both
sides using the techniques explained below.
Note

•
•
Taking out the filter requires special care.
Ask your dealer to help you if you are not
confident with the procedure.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
11
Camera cleaning instructions
Figure 3: Removing IR cut filter/protection glass using special tool (E9020001)
3.
If the impurity is neither on the lens nor the IR cut filter/protection glass,
it is probably on the sensor.
Cleaning Instructions
Perform all cleaning operations (lenses, filter/protection glass, and sensor) in
a dust-free clean-room. The optical components are very fragile so it is important to avoid touching them with your fingers or any hard material.
1.
Unplug the camera from any power supply before cleaning.
2.
Apply a small amount of optics cleaner (60% ethyl alcohol, 40% ether) to
a clean, new lens cleaning tissue.
Acceptable material includes medical-grade sterile optical cotton, or lens
tissue that is chemically pure and free from silicones and other additives.
– Do not use cosmetic cotton.
– Do not use consumer eyeglass cleaning cloths pre-treated with silicon.
The cotton or lens tissue should be moist, but not dripping. Please hold
the camera away from your body to avoid falling particles like flakes from
skin on the sensor. Hold the camera sensor diagonally upwards.
Figure 4: Medical-grade sterile optical cotton
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
12
Camera cleaning instructions
3.
Wipe the glass surface with a
spiral motion from the center
to the rim. Normally, several
spiral wipes are recommended.
Wipe only on glass avoiding
contact to metal surfaces,
because microscopic dirt could
be released and could cause
scratches on the glass.
4.
When you've finished cleaning,
examine the surface in a strong
light. Take an out-of-focus
picture of a flat, illuminated
surface to see if any dirt or dust
remains.
5.
If dust spots remain, repeat
this procedure using new clean
lens tissue (as described
above).
Caution
•

•
6.
Figure 6: Don’t use compressed air
Never wipe lenses with dry swabs or tissue—this causes
scratches.
Do not use any disposable cotton cosmetic swabs; they
may contain contaminants.
If you want to clean your camera with compressed air despite of all the
warnings:
Caution
•

•
7.
Figure 5: Sensor cleaning
Use an air blower/compressed air only if you are familiar
with cleaning a camera with this instrument.
Compressed air may push dust into cameras and
lenses. Therefore keep the pressure at a moderate
strength only:
– The pressure at the tube should be less than 1 bar (15
psi)
– Operating distance: 5–30 cm
Gently blow the impurities off with dust-filtered, oil-free air (< 1 bar).
Using ionized air helps to remove any dirt stuck to the optical component
because of static electricity.
Note

If dust spots remain after cleaning twice,
please contact your AVT dealer.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
13
About Mako GigE cameras
About Mako GigE cameras
Mako
GigE
Mako cameras have a Gigabit Ethernet interface.
GigE is the abbreviation for Gigabit Ethernet.
All AVT Mako cameras are GigE Vision V1.2 compliant cameras with Gigabit
Ethernet interface. AVT Mako cameras work with Gigabit Ethernet hardware and
cable lengths up to 100 m.
GigE Vision
GenICam
The GigE Vision standard is an interface standard for digital machine vision cameras widely supported in the industrial imaging industry. In contrast, GigE
(Gigabit Ethernet) is the network GigE Vision is built upon.
GenICam is the command structure for the GigE Vision camera controls.
GenICam is administered by the European Machine Vision Association (EMVA).
GenICam establishes a common camera control interface allowing third-party
software to communicate with cameras from various manufacturers without
customization. AVT GigE cameras are GenICam V1.0 compliant.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
14
Conformity
Conformity
Allied Vision Technologies declares under its sole responsibility that all standard cameras of the AVT Mako family to which this declaration relates are in conformity with the following standard(s) or other normative document(s):
• CE, following the provisions of 2004/108/EG directive
• FCC Part 15 Class B
• RoHS (2011/65/EU)
• CE
• WEEE
We declare, under our sole responsibility, that the previously described AVT
Mako cameras conform to the directives of the CE.
FCC – Class B Device
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential environment. This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at his own expense. You are cautioned that
any changes or modifications not expressly approved in this manual could void
your authority to operate this equipment.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
15
Specifications
Specifications
Caution

Caution

Before operating any AVT camera, read the safety instructions
and ESD warnings in the AVT GigE Installation Guide.
http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/emea/support/downloads/
product-literature/hardware-installation-guide.html
Due to the small packaging and high speed of Mako cameras,
take special care to ensure that the housing temperature of
the camera does not exceed 50 °C. Following are general
guidelines for heat dissipation:
•
•
•
Mount the camera on a heat sink such as a metal bracket.
Lenses, when attached to a camera, act as a heat-sink and
help reduce housing temperature.
Ensure sufficient air flow. Use a fan if necessary.
Mako G-032B/C
Feature
Specification
Sensor
Type 1/3 (diag. 6 mm) progressive scan SONY IT CCD ICX424AL/AQ with
HAD microlens
Effective chip size
4.9 mm x 3.6 mm
Cell size
7.4 μm x 7.4 μm
Resolution (maximum)
658 x 492 pixels
Lens mount
C-Mount: 17.526 mm (in air); Ø 25.4 mm (32 tpi)
Maximum protrusion: 9.8 mm (see figure 18)
CS-Mount: 12.526 mm (in air); Ø 25.4 mm (32 tpi)
Maximum protrusion: 4.8 mm (see figure 20)
Note

Maximum protrusion means the distance from lens flange to
the glass filter in the camera.
ADC
14 bits
Pixel format
Only monochrome: Mono8, Mono12Packed, Mono12
Only color: BayerRG8, BayerRG12, BayerRG12Packed, Mono8,
RGB8Packed, YUV411Packed, YUV422Packet, YUV444Packed,
BGR8Packed
Frame rates
Up to 102 fps
Gain control
Manual: 0–30 dB (1 dB/step); auto gain (select. ROI)
Exposure time
10 μs to 93 s; auto shutter (select. ROI)
Table 3: Specification Mako G-032B/C
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
16
Specifications
Feature
Specification
External trigger event
Rising edge, falling edge, any edge, level high, level low
External trigger delay
0 to 46 s in 1 μs increments
Fixed rate control
0.011 fps to maximum frame rate (steps of 0.001 fps)
Imaging modes
Free-running, external trigger, fixed rate, software trigger
Sync Out modes
Trigger ready, trigger input, exposing, readout, imaging, strobe, GPO
Internal image memory
64 MByte, up to 202 frames
Note

The number of frames (StreamHoldCapacity) depends on
resolution, pixel format, and GVSP packet size. Stated number of
frames is typical for full resolution, Mono8/Bayer8, and
GevSCPSPacketSize = 8192.
Smart functions
Auto gain control, auto exposure control, 64 MByte image memory,
binning (monochrome binning, also for color cameras; but no color
binning), LUT, gamma, config files (user sets)
Only color: auto white balance, hue, saturation
I/O
One configurable optocoupled input
Three configurable optocoupled outputs
Digital interface
IEEE 802.3 1000BASE-T (GigE Vision V1.2)
Camera control interface
GenICam V1.0 compliant
Power requirements
DC 12–24 V ±10% via 8-pin HIROSE, or
PoE (compliant with Power over Ethernet IEEE 802.3at/af)
Power consumption
With PoE: typical 2.8 W
Without PoE: 2.4 W (@ 12 V DC)
(maximal frame rate at full resolution)
Dimensions (L x W x H)
60.5 x 29 x 29 mm; including connectors, without tripod and lens
Mass
80 g (without lens)
Operating temperature
+ 5 °C to + 50 °C (housing temperature)
Storage temperature
- 10 °C to + 70 °C ambient temperature (without condensation)
Regulations
CE, FCC Class B, RoHS (2011/65/EU), WEEE
Standard accessories
Color: IR cut filter
Optional accessories
Monochrome: IR cut filter, IR pass filter, protection glass
Color: protection glass, IR pass filter
Tripod adapter (order number 4807)
On request
Gigabit Ethernet network card, Gigabit Ethernet network cables
Software packages
Free of charge, see http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/html
Table 3: Specification Mako G-032B/C
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
17
Specifications
Mako G-125B/C
Feature
Specification
Sensor
Type 1/3 (diag. 6 mm) progressive scan SONY IT CCD ICX445ALA/AQA
with EXview HAD microlens
Effective chip size
4.8 mm x 3.6 mm
Cell size
3.75 μm x 3.75 μm
Resolution (maximum)
1292 x 964 pixels
Lens mount
C-Mount: 17.526 mm (in air); Ø 25.4 mm (32 tpi)
Maximum protrusion: 9.8 mm (see figure 18)
CS-Mount: 12.526 mm (in air); Ø 25.4 mm (32 tpi)
Maximum protrusion: 4.8 mm (see figure 20)
Note

Maximum protrusion means the distance from lens flange to
the glass filter in the camera.
ADC
14 bits
Pixel format
Only monochrome: Mono8, Mono12Packed, Mono12
Only color: BayerRG8, BayerRG12, BayerRG12Packed, Mono8,
RGB8Packed, YUV411Packed, YUV422Packet, YUV444Packed,
BGR8Packed
Frame rates
Up to 30 fps
Gain control
Manual: 0–30 dB (1 dB/step); auto gain (select. ROI)
Exposure time
12 μs to 84 s; auto shutter (select. ROI)
External trigger event
Rising edge, falling edge, any edge, level high, level low
External trigger delay
0 to 42 s in 1 μs increments
Fixed rate control
0.012 fps to maximum frame rate (steps of 0.001 fps)
Imaging modes
Free-running, external trigger, fixed rate, software trigger
Sync Out modes
Trigger ready, trigger input, exposing, readout, imaging, strobe, GPO
Internal image memory
64 MByte, up to 52 frames
Note

The number of frames (StreamHoldCapacity) depends on
resolution, pixel format, and GVSP packet size. Stated number of
frames is typical for full resolution, Mono8/Bayer8, and
GevSCPSPacketSize = 8192.
Smart functions
Auto gain control, auto exposure control, 64 MByte image memory,
binning (monochrome binning, also for color cameras; but no color
binning), LUT, gamma, config files (user sets)
Only color: auto white balance, hue, saturation
I/O
One configurable optocoupled input
Three configurable optocoupled outputs
Table 4: Specification Mako G-125B/C
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
18
Specifications
Feature
Specification
Digital interface
IEEE 802.3 1000BASE-T (GigE Vision V1.2)
Camera control interface
GenICam V1.0 compliant
Power requirements
DC 12–24 V ±10% via 8-pin HIROSE, or
PoE (compliant with Power over Ethernet IEEE 802.3at/af)
Power consumption
With PoE: typical 2.7 W
Without PoE: 2.3 W (@ 12 V DC) (maximal frame rates at full resolution)
Dimensions (L x W x H)
60.5 x 29 x 29 mm; including connectors, without tripod and lens
Mass
80 g (without lens)
Operating temperature
+ 5 °C to + 50 °C (housing temperature)
Storage temperature
-10 °C to +70 °C ambient temperature (without condensation)
Regulations
CE, FCC Class B, RoHS (2011/65/EU), WEEE
Standard accessories
Color: IR cut filter
Optional accessories
Monochrome: IR cut filter, IR pass filter, protection glass
Color: protection glass, IR pass filter
Tripod adapter (order number 4807)
On request
Gigabit Ethernet network card, Gigabit Ethernet network cables
Software packages
Free of charge, see http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/html
Table 4: Specification Mako G-125B/C
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
19
Specifications
Mako G-223B/C (NIR)
Feature
Specification
Sensor
Type 2/3 (diag. 8 mm, 1 inch lens recommended) CMOS sensor: CMOSIS
CMV2000 (monochrome/color) with microlenses and global shutter
The monochrome version is also available as NIR enhanced variant
(Mako G-223B NIR). Except for the sensor response, the technical
data of the NIR enhanced variant are identical with Mako G-223B.
Effective chip size
11.26 mm x 5.98 mm
Cell size
5.5 μm x 5.5 μm
Resolution (maximum)
2048 x 1088 pixels
Lens mount
C-Mount: 17.526 mm (in air); Ø 25.4 mm (32 tpi)
Maximum protrusion: 10.8 mm (see figure 19)
CS-Mount: 12.526 mm (in air); Ø 25.4 mm (32 tpi)
Maximum protrusion: 5.8 mm (see figure 21)
Note

Maximum protrusion means the distance from lens flange to
the glass filter in the camera.
ADC
12 bits
Pixel format
Only monochrome: Mono8, Mono12Packed, Mono12
Only color: BayerGB8, BayerGB12, BayerGB12Packed, Mono8,
RGB8Packed, BGR8Packed, RGBA8Packed, BGRA8Packed,
YUV411Packed, YUV422Packet, YUV444Packed
Frame rates
Up to 49.5 fps
Gain control
Manual: 0–26 dB (1 dB/step); auto gain (select. ROI)
Exposure time
21 μs to 153 s; auto shutter (select. ROI)
External trigger event
Rising edge, falling edge, any edge, level high, level low
External trigger delay
0 to 306 s in 1 μs increments
Fixed rate control
0.01 fps to 49.52 fps (steps of 0.1 fps)
Imaging modes
Free-running, external trigger, fixed rate, software trigger
Sync Out modes
Trigger ready, trigger input, exposing, readout, imaging, strobe, GPO
Internal image memory
64 MByte, up to 29 frames
Note

Smart functions
The number of frames (StreamHoldCapacity) depends on
resolution, pixel format, and GVSP packet size. Stated number of
frames is typical for full resolution, Mono8/Bayer8, and
GevSCPSPacketSize = 8192.
Auto gain control, auto exposure control, 64MByte image memory,
no binning, LUT, gamma, config files (user sets)
Only color: auto white balance, hue, saturation
Table 5: Specification Mako G-223B/C
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
20
Specifications
Feature
Specification
I/O
One configurable optocoupled input
Three configurable optocoupled outputs
Digital interface
IEEE 802.3 1000BASE-T (GigE Vision V1.2)
Camera control interface
GenICam V1.0 compliant
Power requirements
DC 12–24 V ±10% via 8-pin HIROSE, or
PoE (compliant with Power over Ethernet IEEE 802.3at/af)
Power consumption
With PoE: typical 2.8 W
Without PoE: 2.4 W (@ 12 V DC) (maximal frame rates at full resolution)
Dimensions (L x W x H)
60.5 x 29 x 29 mm; including connectors, without tripod and lens
Mass
80 g (without lens)
Operating temperature
+ 5 °C to + 50 °C (housing temperature)
Storage temperature
-10 °C to +70 °C ambient temperature (without condensation)
Regulations
CE, FCC Class B, RoHS (2011/65/EU), WEEE
Standard accessories
Color: IR cut filter
Optional accessories
Monochrome: IR cut filter, IR pass filter, protection glass
Color: protection glass, IR pass filter
Tripod adapter (order number 4807)
On request
Gigabit Ethernet network card, Gigabit Ethernet network cables
Software packages
Free of charge, see http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/html
Table 5: Specification Mako G-223B/C
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
21
Specifications
Mako G-419B/C (NIR)
Feature
Specification
Sensor
Type 1/1 (diag. 15.93 mm) CMOS sensor: CMOSIS CMV4000 (monochrome/color) with microlenses and global shutter
The monochrome version is also available as NIR enhanced variant
(Mako G-419B NIR). Except for the sensor response, the technical
data of the NIR enhanced variant are identical with Mako G-419B.
Effective chip size
11.26 mm x 11.26 mm
Cell size
5.5 μm x 5.5 μm
Resolution (maximum)
2048 x 2048 pixels
Lens mount
C-Mount: 17.526 mm (in air); Ø 25.4 mm (32 tpi)
Maximum protrusion: 10.8 mm (see figure 19)
CS-Mount: 12.526 mm (in air); Ø 25.4 mm (32 tpi)
Maximum protrusion: 5.8 mm (see figure 21)
Note

Maximum protrusion means the distance from lens flange to
the glass filter in the camera.
ADC
12 bits
Pixel format
Only monochrome: Mono8, Mono12Packed, Mono12
Only color: BayerGB8, BayerGB12, BayerGB12Packed, Mono8,
RGB8Packed, BGR8Packed, RGBA8Packed, BGRA8Packed,
YUV411Packed, YUV422Packet, YUV444Packed
Frame rates
Up to 26.3 fps
Gain control
Manual: 0–26 dB (1 dB/step); auto gain (select. ROI)
Exposure time
41 μs to 153 s; auto shutter (select. ROI)
External trigger event
Rising edge, falling edge, any edge, level high, level low
External trigger delay
0 to 306 s in 1 μs increments
Fixed rate control
0.01 fps to 26.37 fps (steps of 0.1 fps)
Imaging modes
Free-running, external trigger, fixed rate, software trigger
Sync Out modes
Trigger ready, trigger input, exposing, readout, imaging, strobe, GPO
Internal image memory
64 MByte, up to 15 frames
Note

Smart functions
The number of frames (StreamHoldCapacity) depends on
resolution, pixel format, and GVSP packet size. Stated number of
frames is typical for full resolution, Mono8/Bayer8, and
GevSCPSPacketSize = 8192.
Auto gain control, auto exposure control, 64 MByte image memory,
no binning, LUT, gamma, config files (user sets)
Only color: auto white balance, hue, saturation
Table 6: Specification Mako G-419B/C
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
22
Specifications
Feature
Specification
I/O
One configurable optocoupled input
Three configurable optocoupled outputs
Digital interface
IEEE 802.3 1000BASE-T (GigE Vision V1.2)
Camera control interface
GenICam V1.0 compliant
Power requirements
DC 12–24 V ±10% via 8-pin HIROSE, or
PoE (compliant with Power over Ethernet IEEE 802.3at/af)
Power consumption
With PoE: typical 2.7 W
Without PoE: 2.3 W (@ 12 V DC) (maximal frame rates at full resolution)
Dimensions (L x W x H)
60.5 x 29 x 29 mm; including connectors, without tripod and lens
Mass
80 g (without lens)
Operating temperature
+ 5 °C to + 50 °C (housing temperature)
Storage temperature
-10 °C to +70 °C ambient temperature (without condensation)
Regulations
CE, FCC Class B, RoHS (2011/65/EU), WEEE
Standard accessories
Color: IR cut filter
Optional accessories
Monochrome: IR cut filter, IR pass filter, protection glass
Color: protection glass, IR pass filter
Tripod adapter (order number 4807)
On request
Gigabit Ethernet network card, Gigabit Ethernet network cables
Software packages
Free of charge, see http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/html
Table 6: Specification Mako G-419B/C
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
23
Specifications
Spectral sensitivity
Note

All measurements were done without protection glass /
without filter.
The uncertainty in measurement of the quantum efficiency
values is 10%.
This is due to:
•
•
Manufacturing tolerance of the sensor.
Uncertainties in the measuring apparatus itself
(Ulbricht sphere, optometer, etc.).
1
0.9
Transmittance [T]
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
200
400
600
Wavelength [nm]
800
1000
Figure 7: Approximate spectral transmission of IR cut filter (may vary slightly by filter lot),
type Hoya 5000
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
24
Specifications
50%
45%
Quantum Efficiency
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
400
500
600
700
800
Wavelength [nm]
900
1000
Figure 8: Spectral sensitivity of Mako G-032B (without protection/cover glass)
Red
Green
Blue
30%
Quantum Efficiency
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
400
450
500
550
Wavelength [nm]
600
650
700
Figure 9: Spectral sensitivity of Mako G-032C (without IR cut filter)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
25
Specifications
60%
Quantum Efficiency
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
400
500
600
700
Wavelength [nm]
800
900
1000
Figure 10: Spectral sensitivity of Mako G-125B (without protection/cover glass)
Red
Green
Blue
40%
Quantum Efficiency
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
400
450
500
550
Wavelength [nm]
600
650
700
Figure 11: Spectral sensitivity of Mako G-125C (without IR cut filter)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
26
Specifications
Mako G-223
70%
Mako G-223 NIR
Quantum Efficiency
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
400
500
600
700
Wavelength [nm]
800
900
1000
Figure 12: Spectral sensitivity of Mako G-223B (NIR) (without IR cut filter)
Red
50%
Green
Blue
45%
Quantum Efficiency
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
300
400
500
600
700
800
Wavelength [nm]
900
1000
1100
Figure 13: Spectral sensitivity of Mako G-223C (without IR cut filter)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
27
Specifications
Mako G-419
Mako G-419 NIR
70%
Quantum Efficiency
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
400
500
600
700
Wavelength [nm]
800
900
1000
Figure 14: Spectral sensitivity of Mako G-419B (NIR) (without IR cut filter)
Red
50%
Green
Blue
45%
Quantum Efficiency
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
300
400
500
600
700
800
Wavelength [nm]
900
1000
1100
Figure 15: Spectral sensitivity of Mako G-419C (without IR cut filter)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
28
Filter and lenses
Filter and lenses
IR cut filter
Color cameras are equipped with IR cut filter. The following illustration shows
the spectral transmission of the IR cut filter:
1
0.9
Transmittance [T]
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
200
400
600
Wavelength [nm]
800
1000
Figure 16: Approximate spectral transmission of IR cut filter (may vary slightly by filter lot)
(type Hoya C5000)
Camera lenses
AVT offers different lenses from a variety of manufacturers.
www
For more information, see:

http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/emea/products/
accessories/lenses.html
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
29
Filter and lenses
The following table lists selected image formats in width x height depending
on camera type, distance and the focal length of the lens.
Note
•

•
Lenses with focal lengths < 8 mm may show shading in
the edges of the image due to microlenses on the sensor.
The exact values vary and depend on the respective lens.
Mako G-032
Focal length for type 1/3 sensor Distance = 500 mm
Distance = 1000 mm
4.0 mm
608 mm x 446 mm
1220 mm x 896 mm
4.8 mm
506 mm x 371 mm
1016 mm x 746 mm
8 mm
301 mm x 221 mm
608 mm x 446 mm
12 mm
199 mm x 146 mm
403 mm x 296 mm
16 mm
148 mm x 109 mm
301 mm x 221 mm
25 mm
93 mm x 68 mm
191 mm x 140 mm
35 mm
65 mm x 48 mm
135 mm x 99 mm
Table 7: Focal length vs. field of view (Mako G-032)
Mako G-125
Focal length for type 1/3 sensor Distance = 500 mm
Distance = 1000 mm
4.0 mm
4.8 mm
8 mm
12 mm
16 mm
25 mm
35 mm
1195 mm x 896 mm
995 mm x 746 mm
595 mm x 446 mm
395 mm x 296 mm
295 mm x 221 mm
187 mm x 140 mm
132 mm x 99 mm
595 mm x 446 mm
495 mm x 371 mm
295 mm x 221 mm
195 mm x 146 mm
145 mm x 109 mm
91 mm x 68 mm
64 mm x 48 mm
Table 8: Focal length vs. field of view (Mako G-125)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
30
Filter and lenses
Mako G-223
Focal length for type 2/3*sensors Distance = 500 mm
Distance = 1000 mm
4.8 mm
1162 mm x 617 mm
6 mm
927 mm x 492 mm
6.5 mm
855 mm x 454 mm
8 mm
692 mm x 368 mm
10 mm
552 mm x 293 mm
12 mm
458 mm x 243 mm
16 mm
341 mm x 181 mm
25 mm
214 mm x 114 mm
35 mm
150 mm x 79 mm
50 mm
101 mm x 54 mm
75 mm
64 mm x 34 mm
90 mm
51 mm x 27 mm
* A 2/3 inch lens may cause vignetting (1 inch lens recommended)
2335 mm x 1240 mm
1865 mm x 991 mm
1721 mm x 914 mm
1396 mm x 742 mm
1114 mm x 597 mm
927 mm x 492 mm
692 mm x 369 mm
439 mm x 223 mm
310 mm x 165 mm
214 mm x 114 mm
139 mm x 74 mm
114 mm x 60 mm
Table 9: Focal length vs. field of view (Mako G-223)
Mako G-419
Focal length for type 1 sensors
Distance = 500 mm
Distance = 1000 mm
8 mm
10 mm
12 mm
16 mm
25 mm
35 mm
50 mm
75 mm
90 mm
692 mm x 692mm
552 mm x 552 mm
458 mm x 458 mm
340 mm x 340 mm
214 mm x 214 mm
150 mm x 150 mm
101 mm x 101 mm
64 mm x 64 mm
51 mm x 51 mm
1396 mm x 1396 mm
1114 mm x 1114 mm
928 mm x 928 mm
692 mm x 692 mm
439 mm x 439 mm
310 mm x 310 mm
214 mm x 214 mm
139 mm x 139 mm
104 mm x 104 mm
Table 10: Focal length vs. field of view (Mako G-419)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
31
Camera dimensions
Camera dimensions
Note

For information on sensor position accuracy (sensor shift x/y,
optical back focal length z and sensor rotation ):
see Appendix on page 60.
Tripod adapter
This tripod adapter (AVT order number 4807) ...
• ... can be used for Mako cameras.
• ... is only designed for standard housings.
29.7
23.7
A
26
UNC 1/4-20
18.9
10.9
0
13
20
A
M6
6
5
10
3.5
A-A
Body size: 29.7 mm x 26 mm x 10 mm (L x W x H)
Figure 17: Tripod adapter dimensions
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
32
Camera dimensions
Cross section: C-Mount
www

•
•
Choose protection glass or filter according to the
AVT Modular Camera Concept:
http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/us/support/downloads/
product-literature/avt-modular-concept.html
All color Mako cameras are equipped with the same IR cut filter type.
Mako G-032 and Mako G-125 are equipped with a 16 mm diameter filter /
protection glass.
Maximum
protrusion: 9.8
16
Filter 16
C-Mount
Figure 18: Mako C-Mount dimensions G-032 / G-125 (16 mm filter)
•
Mako G-223 and Mako G-419 are equipped with a 22 mm diameter filter /
protection glass.
Maximum
protrusion: 10.8
18.5
Filter 22
C-Mount
Figure 19: Mako C-Mount dimensions G-223 /G-419 (22 mm filter)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
33
Camera dimensions
Cross section: CS-Mount
Choose protection glass or filter according to the AVT Modular Concept.
Download the AVT Modular Concept at:

http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/emea/support/downloads/
product-literature.html
Filter 16
16
Maximum
protrusion: 4.8
www
CS-Mount
Figure 20: Mako CS-Mount dimensions G-032 / G-125 (16 mm filter)
Maximum
protrusion: 5.8
18.5
Filter 22
CS-Mount
Figure 21: Mako CS-Mount dimensions G-223 /G-419 (22 mm filter)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
34
Camera dimensions
Adjustment of the C-Mount and CS-Mount
The dimensional adjustment cannot be done by the customer. All modifications
have to be done by the AVT factory.
Note
If you need any adjustments, please contact Customer Care:
For phone numbers and e-mail:

see Contacting Allied Vision Technologies on page 5.
Mako standard housing
M3 - 2.3
(2x)
23.7
M3 - 2.2
8.5
15
10
12
M2 - 2.2
4.5
(4x)
22
20
16.5
60.5
54.7
29
22.6
27
29
C-Mount
20
2.5
22.6
10.4
12.2
20
M3 - 2.3
(2x)
15
Figure 22: Camera dimensions standard housing (in mm)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
35
Camera interfaces
Camera interfaces
This chapter describes the Gigabit Ethernet port, inputs and outputs, and trigger features.
Note

Read all Notes and Cautions in the AVT GigE Installation
Manual before using any interfaces.
www
For accessories like cables see:

http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/emea/products/
accessories/gige-accessories.html
Status LEDs
LED2 (green)
8-pin camera
I/O connector
(+ ext. power)
LED1 (orange)
Figure 23: Example: Rear view of Mako camera
Status LEDs
The tables below describe the status LEDs of Mako cameras.
LED1 color
Solid orange
Flashing orange
Status
Ethernet link established
Network traffic
Table 11: Status LED (orange)
LED2 color
Solid green
Slow flashing green
Four rapid flashes per second
Status
Camera powered
Booting routine
Transmission error.
Contact support@alliedvisiontec.com
Table 12: Status LED (green)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
36
Camera interfaces
Gigabit Ethernet port
The Gigabit Ethernet port conforms to the IEEE 802.31000BASE-T standard for
Gigabit Ethernet over copper. To prevent EMI (electromagnetic interference)
and for best performance, Category 6 (or higher) cables with S/STP shielding
and connectors are recommended. Applications with longer cable lengths or
harsh EMI conditions require Category 7 (or higher) cables.
Note
•
•

•
•
Cable lengths up to 100 m are supported.
The 8-pin RJ-45 jack provides a pin assignment according
to the Ethernet standard (IEEE 802.3 1000BASE-T).
All Mako cameras are PoE capable (802.3af/at).
If both interfaces are used for power (I/O and GigE connector via PoE), the camera will only use the power from
the I/O connector.
Accessories
• Cables are available from AVT:
http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/emea/products/
accessories/gige-accessories.html
Mako I/O connector pin assignment
Pin Signal
8
7
4
6
3
5
2
1
1
2
3
4
Out 1
Out 2
Out 3
In 1
5 Camera In GND
6 Camera Out
Power
7 Camera Power
8 Ext GND
Direction Level
Description
Out
Out
Out
In
Output 1
Output 2
Output 3
Input 1
In
In
-----
Open emitter, max. 20 mA
Open emitter, max. 20 mA
Open emitter, max. 20 mA
Uin(high) = 3.0–24.0 V
up to 36 V with external resistor
of 3.3 k in series
Uin(low) = 0–1.0 V
--Common VCC for outputs max.
30 V DC
12–24 V DC +/- 10%
GND for ext. Power
GND for input
Power input for optoisolated outputs
Camera power supply
External Ground for
external Power
Figure 24: Camera I/O connector pin assignment
The General Purpose I/O port uses a Hirose HR25-7TR-8PA(73) connector on the
camera side. The mating cable connector is Hirose HR25-7TP-8S.
Note

The cable side Hirose connector is available for purchase
from AVT.
AVT P/N: K7600503
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
37
Camera interfaces
Mako input description
Mako input block diagram
External Internal
180R
GPIn1
InGND
Figure 25: Mako input block diagram
The inputs can be connected directly to the system for voltages up to 24 V DC.
An external resistor is not necessary.
Mako delay and minimum pulse width
Parameter
Value
Uin (low)
0–1.0 V
Uin (high)
3–24 V
Current (constant-current source)
3–4 mA
Table 13: Mako input parameters
The minimum pulse width for all Mako cameras is:
IF
0
44 μs
6 μs
20 kHz
t
Figure 26: Mako minimum pulse width
Test conditions
The input signal was driven with 3.3 V and no external additional series resistor.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
38
Camera interfaces
Mako output description
Mako block diagram
Internal External
OutVCC
GPOut1
R
GPOut2
R
GPOut3
R
Figure 27: Mako output block diagram
Caution

•
•
Maximum 20 mA per output
OutVCC  30 V may damage the camera.
OutVCC
Resistor value*
5V
1.0 k
12 V
2.4 k
24 V
4.7 k
at  5 mA minimum required
current draw
* Resistor required if GPOut1/2 connected to a device with < 5 mA draw,
i.e. high impedance
Figure 28: Mako: OutVCC and external resistor
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
39
Camera interfaces
Optocoupler input (internal)
IF
0
IC
Optocoupler output (external) 100%
90%
t
10%
0
td
td
tr
ton (= td + tr)
tr
ts
ton
delay time
rise time
turn-on time
toff
tf
t
ts
storage time
tf
fall time
toff (= ts + tf) turn-off time
Figure 29: Mako output switching times
For all Mako models:
Parameter and value
td  1 μs
tr  1 μs
ton = td + tr  2 μs
ts  26 μs
tf  21 μs
toff = ts + tf  47 μs
(toff can deviate by  5 μs)
Table 14: Parameters for Mako
Test conditions
Output: external 2.4 k resistor to GND, power input for output ports set to
12 V.
Note
Higher external values increase the times in the table above.

Note

We recommend to trigger on the rising edge. This guarantees a
fastest possible reaction time.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
40
Camera interfaces
Control signals
The inputs and outputs of the camera can be configured by software. The different modes are described below.
Inputs
Polarity
selectable
via software
LP filter
Input signal
Optocoupler
Input state
Figure 30: Input block diagram
Input/output pin control
All input and output signals that pass the I/O connector are controlled by the
I/O strobe commands.
Outputs
Output features are configured by software. Any signal can be placed on any
output. The main features of the output signals are described below:
Signal
Description
GPO
Configured to be a general purpose output, control is assigned to
SyncOutGpoLevels.
AcquisitionTriggerReady Active once the camera has been recognized by the host PC and is ready to start
acquisition.
FrameTriggerReady
Active when the camera is in a state that will accept the next frame trigger.
FrameTrigger
Active when an image has been initiated to start. This is a logic trigger
internal to the camera, which is initiated by an external trigger or software
trigger event.
Exposing
Exposing – active for the duration of sensor exposure.
FrameReadout
Active during frame readout, i.e., the transferring of image data from the CCD
to the camera memory.
Table 15: Output signals
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
41
Camera interfaces
Signal
Description
Imaging
Imaging is high when the camera image sensor is either exposing and/or
reading out data.
Acquiring
Active during an acquisition stream.
SyncIn1
Active when there is an external trigger at SyncIn1.
Strobe1
The output signal is controlled according to Strobe1 settings.
Table 15: Output signals
Output
mode
selectable
via software
GPO
AcquisitionTriggerReady
FrameTriggerReady
FrameTrigger
Exposing
FrameReadout
Acquiring
SyncIn1
Strobe1
Polarity
selectable
via software
Read from
software
Output signal
Optocoupler
Figure 31: Output block diagram
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
42
Camera interfaces
Trigger timing diagram
The following diagram explains the trigger concept in general.
Note
For trigger description on camera control basis, see AVT GigE
Camera and Driver Features.

Readout time
Trigger
latency
Tpd
Registered
exposure time
Exposure
start delay
User trigger
Note: Jitter at the
beginning of an exposure
has no effect on the
length of exposure.
Logic trigger
Exposure
Readout
N
Trigger
jitter
N+ 1
N
N+ 1
Interline time
Trigger ready
Imaging
Idle
Figure 32: Trigger timing diagram
Notes on triggering
Trigger definitions
Term
Definition
User trigger
Trigger signal applied by the user (hardware
trigger, software trigger)
Logic trigger
Trigger signal seen by the camera internal logic
(not visible to the user)
Tpd
Propagation delay between the user trigger and
the logic trigger
Exposure
High when the camera image sensor is integrating
light
Table 16: Trigger definitions
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
43
Camera interfaces
Term
Definition
Readout
High when the camera image sensor is reading out
data
Trigger latency
Time delay between the user trigger and the start
of exposure
Trigger jitter
Error in the trigger latency time
Trigger ready
Indicates to the user that the camera will accept
the next trigger
Registered exposure time Exposure time value currently stored in the camera
memory
Exposure start delay
Registered exposure time subtracted from the
Readout time and indicates when the next exposure cycle can begin such that the exposure will
end after the current readout
Interline time
Time between sensor row readout cycles
Imaging
High when the camera image sensor is either
exposing and/or reading out data
Idle
High if the camera image sensor is not exposing
and/or reading out data
Table 16: Trigger definitions
Trigger rules
• The end of exposure will always trigger the next readout.
• The end of exposure must always end after the current readout.
• The start of exposure must always correspond with the interline time if
readout is true.
• Exposure start delay equals the readout time minus the registered exposure time.
Triggering during the Idle State
For applications requiring the shortest possible trigger latency and the smallest
possible trigger jitter, the user trigger signal should be applied when imaging
is false and idle is true.
Triggering during the Readout State
For applications requiring the fastest triggering cycle time whereby the camera
image sensor is exposing and reading out simultaneously, the user trigger signal should be applied as soon as a valid trigger ready is detected.
In this case, trigger latency and trigger jitter can be up to 1 line time since exposure must always begin on an Interline boundary.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
44
Description of the data path
Description of the data path
The following diagrams illustrate the data flow and the bit resolution of the
image data. The individual blocks are described in more detail in the AVT GigE
Camera and Driver Features document.
Mako monochrome cameras
Mako with CCD sensors
Mako G-032B, Mako G-125B
Sensor
Analog
Vertical
binning /
Vertical ROI
Offset
Gain
Analog
Analog
ADC
Analog
12 bit
Horizontal
ROI
HIROSE I/O
Gigabit
Ethernet
interface
12 bit
Frame
memory
12 bit
Camera control
Gamma
LUT
12 bit
12 bit
12 bit
12 ĺ 12
Horizontal
binning
GigE
Figure 33: Block diagram of Mako monochrome cameras with CCD sensors
Mako with CMOS sensors
Mako G-223B, Mako G-223 NIR, Mako G-419B, Mako G-419 NIR
Internal sensor components
Sensor
array
Sensor
Vertical
Analog
Analog System
ROI
Gain‡
Offset
Sensor
Analog System Analog
Offset‡
Analog
ADC
12 bit
Horizontal
ROI
GigE
HIROSE I/O
Gigabit
Ethernet
interface
Frame
12 bit memory
Gamma
LUT
12 bit
12 bit
Camera control
12 bit
12 ĺ 12
‡
Gain
Defect
12 bit
mask
12 bit
Factory calibrated. NOT a user control.
Figure 34: Block diagram of Mako monochrome cameras with CMOS sensors
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
45
Description of the data path
Mako color cameras
Mako with CCD sensors
Mako G-032C, Mako G-125C
Sensor
Analog
Vertical
binning§ / Analog
Vertical ROI
Gain
Offset
White balance
ADC
Analog
Analog
12 bit
Horizontal
ROI
12 bit
Frame
8/12 bit memory
Hue†
Bayer†
Saturation
8 bit
8 bit Interpolation
Color tranformation
3X3
GigE
HIROSE I/O
Gigabit
Ethernet
interface
12 bit
Camera control
Gamma
LUT
12 bit
12 bit
12 bit
12 ĺ 12
Horizontal
binning§
§
Color information lost while binning is active.
†
For on-camera interpolated PixelFormats only—outputs 8 bit.
Raw un-interpolated PixelFormats skip this block—outputs 12 bit.
Figure 35: Block diagram of Mako color cameras with CCD sensors
Mako with CMOS sensors
Mako G-223C, Mako G-419C
Internal sensor components
Sensor
array
Analog
Sensor
Sensor
Vertical
Analog System Analog System
ROI
Gain‡
Offset‡
Offset
Analog
Analog
ADC
12 bit
Horizontal
12 bit
ROI
Gain
12 bit
Defect
mask
GigE
HIROSE I/O
Gigabit
Ethernet
interface
Frame
8/12 bit memory 8 bit
Hue†
Bayer†
Saturation
8 bit Interpolation 12
12bit
bit
Color tranformation
3X3
12 bit
Camera control
White balance
Gamma
LUT
12 bit
12 bit
12 ĺ 12
‡Factory calibrated. NOT a user control.
†For on-camera interpolated PixelFormats only—outputs 8 bit.
Raw un-interpolated PixelFormats skip this block—outputs 12 bit.
Figure 36: Block diagram of Mako color cameras with CMOS sensors
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
46
Description of the data path
Camera features
This chapter describes the camera features as displayed with the viewer of AVT‘s
VIMBA SDK.
www

For a detailed description of all GigE camera controls, refer to
the AVT GigE Camera and Driver Features:
http://www.alliedvisiontec.com/fileadmin/content/PDF/
Software/Prosilica_software/Prosilica_firmware/
AVT_GigE_Camera_and_Driver_Features.pdf
Hierarchy level 1 Hierarchy level 2
Hierarchy level 3
Acquisition
AcquisitionAbort
AcquisitionFrameCount
AcquisitionFrameRateAbs
AcquisitionFrameRateLimit
AcquisitionMode
Continous
SingleFrame
MultiFrame
Recorder
AcquisitionStart
AcquisitionStop
RecorderPreEventCount
Trigger
TriggerActivation
Hierarchy level 4
RisingEdge
FallingEdge
AnyEdge
LevelHigh
LevelLow
TriggerDelayAbs
TriggerMode
On
Off
TriggerOverlap
Off
PreviousFrame
TriggerSelector
FrameStart
AcquisitionStart
AcquisitionEnd
Table 17: Available Mako camera features
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
47
Description of the data path
Hierarchy level 1 Hierarchy level 2
Hierarchy level 3
Hierarchy level 4
AcquisitionRecord
TriggerSoftware
TriggerSource
Freerun
Line1
FixedRate
Software
Controls
BlackLevelControl
BlackLevel
BlackLevelSelector
ColorTransformationControl
ColorTransformationMode
Off
Manual
ColorTransformationSelector
RBGtoRGB
ColorTransformationValue
ColorTransformationValueSelector
DSPSubregion
DSPSubregionBottom
DSPSubregionLeft
DSPSubregionRight
DSPSubregionTop
DefectMask (only G-223/G-419)
DefectMaskColumnEnable
Exposure
ExposureAuto
Off
Once
Continuous
other
ExposureAutoControl
ExposureAutoAdjustTol
ExposureAutoAlg
ExposureAutoMax
ExposureAutoMin
ExposureAutoOutliers
ExposureAutoRate
ExposureAutoTarget
ExposureMode
Timed
ExposureTimeAbs
Table 17: Available Mako camera features
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
48
Description of the data path
Hierarchy level 1 Hierarchy level 2
GainControl
Hierarchy level 3
Hierarchy level 4
Gain
GainAuto
Off
Once
Continuous
GainAutoControl
GainAutoAdjustTol
GainAutoMax
GainAutoMin
GainAutoOutliers
GainAutoRate
GainAutoTarget
GainSelector
Gamma
Hue
Iris
IrisMode
Disabled
LUTControl
LUTEnable
LUTIndex
LUTInfo
LUTAddress
LUTBitLengthIn
LUTBitLengthOut
LUTSize
LUTLoadAll
LUTMode
Luminance
Red
Green
Blue
LUTSaveAll
LUTSelector
LUT1
LUTValue
Saturation
Whitebalance
BalanceRatioAbs
BalanceRatioSelector
BalanceWhiteAuto
BalanceWhiteAutoControl
Table 17: Available Mako camera features
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
49
Description of the data path
Hierarchy level 1 Hierarchy level 2
Hierarchy level 3
Hierarchy level 4
BalanceWhiteAutoAdjustTol
BalanceWhiteAutoRate
DeviceStatus
DeviceTemperature
DeviceTemperatureSelector
EventControl
EventData
EventAcquisitionEndFrameID
EventAcquisitionEndTimeEventAcquisitionRecordTriggerFrameID
EventAcquisitionRecordTriggerTimestamp
EventAcquisitionStartFrameID
EventAcquisitionStartTimestamp
EventErrorFrameID
EventErrorTimestamp
EvenExposureEndFrameID
EventExposureEndTimestamp
EventFrameTriggerFrameID
EventFrameTriggerReadyFrameID
EventFrameTriggerReadyTimestamp
EventLine1FallingEdgeFramEventLineFallingEdgeTimestamp
EventLineRisingEdgeFrameID
EventLineRisingEdgeTimeEventOverflowFrameID
EventOverflowTimestamp
EventID
EventAcquisitionEnd
EventAcquisitionRecordTrigger
EventAcquisitionStart
EventError
EventExposureEnd
EventFrameTrigger
EventFrameTriggerReady
EventLine1FallingEdge
EventLine1RisingEdge
EventLine2FallingEdge
EventLine2RisingEdge
EventLine3FallingEdge
EventLine3RisingEdge
EventLine4FallingEdge
EventLine4RisingEdge
EventOverflow
Table 17: Available Mako camera features
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
50
Description of the data path
Hierarchy level 1 Hierarchy level 2
EventNotification
EventSelector
EventsEnable1
GigE
BandwidthCtrlMode
ChunkModeActive
Configuration
Hierarchy level 3
Hierarchy level 4
IP Configuration Mode
Current
Current Default Gateway
Current IP Address
Current Subnet Mask
Device MAC address
GVCP
Command Retries
Command Timeout
Heartbeat Interval
GevSCPSPacketSize
NonImagePayloadSize
PayloadSize
Persistent
Persistent Default Gateway
Persistent IP Address
Persistent Subnet Mask
StreamBytesPerSecond
StreamFrameRateConstrain
StreamHold
StreamHoldCapacity
StreamHoldEnable
Off
On
Timestamp
GevTimestampControlLatch
GevTimestampControlReset
GevTimestampTickFrequency
GevTimestampValue
IO
Strobe
StrobeDelay
StrobeDuration
StrobeDurationMode
Source
Controlled
Table 17: Available Mako camera features
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
51
Description of the data path
Hierarchy level 1 Hierarchy level 2
Hierarchy level 3
StrobeSource
Hierarchy level 4
AcquisitionTriggerReady
FrameTriggerReady
FrameTrigger
Exposung
FrameReadout
Acquiring
LineIn1
SyncIn
SyncInGlitchFilter
SyncInLevels
SyncInSelector
SyncIn1
SyncOut
SyncOutLevels
SyncOutPolarity
Normal
Invert
SyncOutSelector
SyncOut1
SyncOut2
SyncOut3
SyncOutSource
GPO
AcquisitionTriggerReady
FrameTriggerReady
Exposing
FrameReadout
Imaging
Acquiring
LineIn1
Strobe1
ImageFormat
Height
HeightMax
ImageSize
OffsetX
OffsetY
PixelFormat
Width
WidthMax
ImageMode
BinningHorizontal
Table 17: Available Mako camera features
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
52
Description of the data path
Hierarchy level 1 Hierarchy level 2
BinningVertical
SensorHeight
SensorWidth
Info
DeviceFirmwareVersion
DeviceID
DeviceModelName
DevicePartNumber
DeviceScanType
DeviceVendorName
FirmwareVerBuild
FirmwareVerMajor
FirmwareVerMinor
SensorBits
SensorType
SavedUserSets
UserSetDefaultSelector
Hierarchy level 3
Hierarchy level 4
Default
UserSet1
UserSet2
UserSet3
UserSetLoad
UserSetSave
UserSetSelector
Default
UserSet1
UserSet2
UserSet3
Stream
Info
GSVP Filter Version
Multicast
MulticastEnable
Multicast IP Address
Settings
GSVP Adjust Packet Size
GSVP Burst Size
GSVP Driver Selector
GSVP Host Receive Buffers
GSVP Max Look Back
GSVP Max Requests
GSVP Max Wait Size
GSVP Missing Size
Table 17: Available Mako camera features
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
53
Hierarchy level 1 Hierarchy level 2
Hierarchy level 3
GSVP Packet Size
GSVP Tilting Size
GSVP Timeout
Hierarchy level 4
Statistics
Stat Frame Rate
Stat Frames Delivered
Stat Frames Dropped
Stat Frames Rescued
Stat Frames Shoved
Stat Frames Underrun
Stat Local Rate
Stat Packets Missed
Stat Packets Received
Stat Packets Requested
Stat Packets Resent
Stat Time Elapsed
Table 17: Available Mako camera features
Frame memory
An image is normally captured and transported in consecutive steps. The image
is taken, read out from the sensor, digitized and sent over the Gigabit Ethernet
network. Mako cameras are equipped with a RAM. Table 18 shows how many
frames can be stored by each model.
Note

The number of frames (StreamHoldCapacity) depends on
resolution, pixel format, and packet size. Stated number
of frames is typical for full resolution, Mono8/Bayer8,
and GevSCPSPacketSize = 8192.
The memory operates according to the FIFO (first in, first out) principle. This
makes addressing for individual images unnecessary.
Model
Memory size
Mako G-032B/C 64 MB memory: 202 frames
Mako G-125B/C 64 MB memory: 52 frames
Mako G-223B/C 64 MB memory: 29 frames
Mako G-419B/C 64 MB memory: 15 frames
Pixel format / Resolution / Packet size
Mono8/Bayer8
Full resolution
Payload size of 8192 bytes per packet
Table 18: Image memory size (typical; see note above)
Resolution and ROI frame rates
Resolution and ROI frame rates
This section charts the resulting frame rate from changing sensor height from
full image to a single line. Unless otherwise noted, sensors do not give an
increase in readout speed with a reduction in width.
Note

•
•
•
Data was generated using StreamBytesPerSecond = 124
MB/s (full bandwidth) and an 8-bit pixel format. Frame
rates may be lower if using network hardware incapable
of 124 MB/s.
ROIs are taken as center image for maximum speed
advantage, where attribute RegionY = (full sensor height
– ROI height)/2.
BinningY is horizontal row summing on CCD before readout. The frame rate for an ROI at the same effective
height as binning will be slower because the CCD still
needs to read out the “fast readout rows” in ROI mode.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
55
Resolution and ROI frame rates
Mako G-032B/C: ROI frame rates
1
Max. frame rate of CCD = -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19.46 μs  ROI height + 2.29 μs   492 – ROI height  + 195.81 μs
Formula 1: Mako G-032: theoretical maximum frame rate of CCD
Frame rate [fps]
Maximum frame rate at full resolution according to formula: 102.31 fps
750
700
650
600
550
500
450
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
0
100
200
300
ROI height [pixel]
400
500
Figure 37: Frame rates Mako G-032 as function of ROI height[width=658]
ROI height
492
480
320
240
120
60
30
10
2
CCD*
102.31
104.51
146.61
183.59
295.33
424.51
543.33
667.98
735.48
Table 19: Frame rates (fps) of Mako G-032 as function of ROI height (pixel) [width=658]
* CCD = theoretical maximum frame rate (in fps) of CCD according to given formula
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
56
Resolution and ROI frame rates
Mako G-125B/C: ROI frame rates
1
Max. frame rate of CCD = -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------34.01 μs  ROI height + 3.09 μs   964 – ROI height  + 176.42 μs
Formula 2: Mako G-125: theoretical maximum frame rate of CCD
Maximum frame rate at full resolution according to formula: 30.32 fps
350
Frame rate [fps]
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
0
200
400
600
ROI height [pixel]
800
1000
Figure 38: Frame rates Mako G-125 as function of ROI height[width=1292]
ROI height
964
960
768
640
480
320
240
120
60
30
10
2
CCD*
30.32
30.44
37.16
43.56
55.54
76.59
94.49
145.52
199.35
244.59
288.19
310.32
Table 20: Frame rates (fps) of Mako G-125 as function of ROI height (pixel) [width=1292]
* CCD = theoretical maximum frame rate (in fps) of CCD according to given formula
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
57
Resolution and ROI frame rates
Mako G-223B/C: ROI frame rates
Frame rate [fps]
5000
500
50
5
0
100
200
300
400 500 600 700
ROI height [pixel]
800
900 1000 1100
Figure 39: Frame rates Mako G-223 as function of ROI height
ROI height
1088
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
50
20
10
5
2
1
Frame rate
49.51
53.83
59.76
67.15
76.64
89.24
106.81
132.98
176.15
260.80
502.16
934.67
1933.86
2847.38
3624.50
4906.77
4926.11
Table 21: Frame rates (fps) of Mako G-223 as function of ROI height (pixel)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
58
Resolution and ROI frame rates
Mako G-419B/C: ROI frame rates
5000
Frame rate [fps]
500
50
5
0
300
600
900
1200
ROI height [pixel]
1500
1800
2100
Figure 40: Frame rates Mako G-419 as function of ROI height
ROI height
2048
2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
100
50
20
10
5
2
Frame rate
26.36
26.99
29.97
33.69
38.47
44.83
53.70
66.95
88.87
132.17
257.71
490.80
895.98
1775.57
2639.22
3486.75
4342.16
Table 22: Frame rates (fps) of Mako G-419 as function of ROI height (pixel)
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
59
Appendix
Appendix
Sensor position accuracy of AVT Mako cameras
D
Camera body
Pixel area
Pixel area
y
Camera body
Sensor case
Sensor case
x
Figure 41: AVT sensor position accuracy
Method of positioning
Optical alignment of the photo sensitive sensor area into the camera front module (lens mount front flange).
Reference points
Sensor: center of the pixel area (photo sensitive cells).
Camera: Center of the camera front flange (outer case edges).
Accuracy
x/y: +/- 150 μm (sensor shift)
z: +0 μm to -150 μm (optical back focal length)
α: +/- 0.5° (sensor rotation)
Note

x/y - tolerances between the C-Mount hole and the
pixel area may be higher.
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
60
Index
Index
A
F
acquiring (signal) .................................... 42
acquisition stream ................................... 42
AcquisitionTriggerReady (signal) ................ 41
AVT sensor position accuracy ...................... 60
FCC Class B ............................................. 15
focal length ............................................ 30
frame readout ......................................... 41
frame trigger .......................................... 41
FrameReadout (signal) ............................. 41
FrameTrigger (signal) ............................... 41
FrameTriggerReady (signal) ....................... 41
B
Block diagram
Mako color cameras with CCD sensors ..... 46
Mako color cameras with CMOS sensors ... 46
Mako mono cameras with CCD sensors ..... 45
Mako mono cameras with CMOS sensors .. 45
C
camera interfaces .................................... 36
camera lenses ......................................... 29
Camera rear view ..................................... 36
Camera standard housing .......................... 35
CE ......................................................... 15
Cleaning instructions ........................... 10, 12
Compressed air ........................................ 13
Cross section
C-Mount ........................................... 33
CS-Mount .......................................... 34
D
declaration of conformity .......................... 15
Description of the data path ....................... 45
document history ....................................... 6
duration of sensor exposure ....................... 41
Dust-free clean-room ................................ 12
E
exposing (signal) ..................................... 41
exposing (trigger) .................................... 44
exposure (definition) ............................... 43
exposure cycle (trigger) ............................ 44
exposure start delay (signal) ...................... 44
exposure time value (trigger) ..................... 44
external trigger ....................................... 41
external trigger at SyncIn1 ........................ 42
G
GenICam ................................................ 14
Gigabit Ethernet ...................................... 14
Gigabit Ethernet interface ......................... 14
GigE ...................................................... 14
GigE cameras
Mako ............................................... 14
GigE Vision ............................................. 14
GPO (general purpose output) .................... 41
I
Identifying impurities ............................... 11
idle (signal) ............................................ 44
imaging (signal) ................................. 42, 44
Input block diagram ................................. 41
inputs
in detail ........................................... 41
integrating light (trigger) ......................... 43
interline boundary ................................... 44
interline time (signal) .............................. 44
L
legal notice .............................................. 2
Locating impurities .................................. 11
logic trigger ........................................... 41
logic trigger (definition) ........................... 43
M
Mako GigE cameras ................................... 14
Minimum pulse width ................................ 38
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
61
Index
O
Output block diagram ............................... 42
Output signals ......................................... 41
Output switching times ............................. 40
outputs .................................................. 41
OutVCC ................................................... 39
P
PoE ....................................................... 37
propagation delay (trigger) ....................... 43
R
reading out data (trigger) .......................... 44
readout (definition) ................................. 44
readout data (trigger) ............................... 44
registered exposure time (signal) ................ 44
RoHS (2002/95/EC) ................................. 15
S
trigger ............................................. 43
Tpd (definition) ....................................... 43
trigger
timing diagram .................................. 43
trigger definitions .................................... 43
trigger jitter (definition) ........................... 44
trigger latency (definition) ........................ 44
trigger latency time .................................. 44
trigger ready (signal) ............................... 44
trigger rules ........................................... 44
Tripod dimensions .................................... 32
types
Mako GigE cameras ............................. 14
U
user trigger (definition) ............................ 43
W
Warranty ................................................ 10
Warranty precautions ............................... 10
sensor row readout cycles .......................... 44
software trigger ....................................... 41
specifications .......................................... 16
Spectral sensitivity
Mako G-032B ..................................... 25
Mako G-032C ..................................... 25
Mako G-125B ..................................... 26
Mako G-125C ..................................... 26
Mako G-223B (NIR) ............................. 27
Mako G-223C ..................................... 27
Mako G-419B (NIR) ............................. 28
Mako G-419C ..................................... 28
spectral transmission
IR cut filter ....................................... 29
type Hoya C5000 ................................ 29
start acquisition ...................................... 41
Strobe1 (signal) ...................................... 42
styles ...................................................... 7
symbols ................................................... 7
SyncIn1 (signal) ...................................... 42
SyncOutGpoLevels .................................... 41
system components .................................. 29
T
time delay (trigger) .................................. 44
timing diagram
Mako Technical Manual V2.0.4
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