PacketFence Network Devices Configuration Guide

PacketFence Network Devices
Configuration Guide
for version 4.1.0
PacketFence Network Devices Configuration Guide
by Inverse Inc.
Version 4.1.0 - December 2013
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or
any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy
of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".
The fonts used in this guide are licensed under the SIL Open Font License, Version 1.1. This license is available with a FAQ at: http://scripts.sil.org/OFL
Copyright © Barry Schwartz, http://www.crudfactory.com, with Reserved Font Name: "Sorts Mill Goudy".
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Table of Contents
About this Guide ................................................................................................................. 1
Other sources of information ......................................................................................... 1
Note on Inline enforcement support ....................................................................................... 2
List of supported Network Devices .......................................................................................... 3
Switch configuration ............................................................................................................ 6
Assumptions .............................................................................................................. 6
3COM ........................................................................................................................ 6
AlliedTelesis ............................................................................................................. 10
Amer ....................................................................................................................... 12
Avaya ...................................................................................................................... 12
Brocade ................................................................................................................... 12
Cisco ....................................................................................................................... 14
D-Link ..................................................................................................................... 25
Dell ......................................................................................................................... 26
EdgecorE .................................................................................................................. 27
Enterasys ................................................................................................................. 27
Extreme Networks ..................................................................................................... 30
Foundry ................................................................................................................... 32
H3C ......................................................................................................................... 33
HP .......................................................................................................................... 36
HP ProCurve ............................................................................................................. 36
Intel ........................................................................................................................ 40
Juniper .................................................................................................................... 40
LG-Ericsson ............................................................................................................... 42
Linksys .................................................................................................................... 43
Netgear ................................................................................................................... 44
Nortel ...................................................................................................................... 46
SMC ........................................................................................................................ 47
Wireless Controllers and Access Point Configuration ................................................................ 49
Assumptions ............................................................................................................. 49
Unsupported Equipment ............................................................................................. 49
AeroHIVE .................................................................................................................. 50
Avaya ...................................................................................................................... 52
Aruba ...................................................................................................................... 52
Belair Networks (now Ericsson) ................................................................................... 55
Brocade ................................................................................................................... 56
Cisco ....................................................................................................................... 57
D-Link ..................................................................................................................... 64
Extricom .................................................................................................................. 64
Hostapd ................................................................................................................... 65
HP .......................................................................................................................... 66
Meru ....................................................................................................................... 66
Motorola .................................................................................................................. 70
Ruckus .................................................................................................................... 74
Trapeze ................................................................................................................... 75
Xirrus ...................................................................................................................... 76
Additional Information ....................................................................................................... 78
Commercial Support and Contact Information ......................................................................... 79
GNU Free Documentation License ......................................................................................... 80
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
iii
List of Tables
1. Supported network devices ............................................................................................... 3
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
iv
Chapter 1
About this Guide
This guide covers the configuration of network devices in order to integrate them with PacketFence in
VLAN enforcement. Switches, wireless controllers and wireless access points are all considered network
devices in PacketFence’s terms.
The latest version of this guide is available at http://www.packetfence.org/documentation/
Other sources of information
Administration Guide
Covers PacketFence installation, configuration and
administration.
Developers Guide
Covers captive portal customization, VLAN
management customization and instructions for
supporting new hardware.
NEWS
Covers noteworthy features, improvements and
bugfixes by release.
UPGRADE
Covers compatibility related changes, manual
instructions and general notes about upgrading.
ChangeLog
Covers all changes to the source code.
These files are included in the package and release tarballs.
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
About this Guide
1
Chapter 2
Note on Inline enforcement support
There is no need to follow the instructions in this guide if you plan on deploying in inline enforcement,
except RADIUS inline. In this case all you need to do is to have a flat layer 2 network up to PacketFence’s
inline interface with no other gateway available for devices to reach out to the Internet.
This technique is usually used when your network hardware doesn’t support VLAN enforcement.
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Note on Inline enforcement support
2
Chapter 3
List of supported Network Devices
PacketFence supports the following devices:
Table 1. Supported network devices
Vendor
Model
PacketFence Type (used in
switches.conf)
3COM
E4800G Switch series
ThreeCom::E4800G
E5500G Switch series
ThreeCom::E5500G
NJ220
ThreeCom::NJ220
SuperStack 3 Switch 4200
ThreeCom::SS4200
SuperStack 3 Switch 4500
ThreeCom::SS4500
Switch 4200G
ThreeCom::Switch_4200G
Aerohive
All AP models
AeroHIVE::AP
AlliedTelesis
AlliedTelesis AT8000GS
AlliedTelesis::AT8000GS
Amer
L2 Switch SS2R24i
Amer::SS2R24i
Aruba
All Controllers
Aruba
Avaya
Wireless Controllers
Avaya::WC
See Nortel Below
Belair
Belair AP
Belair
Brocade
Brocade 6400 Series
Brocade
Brocade RF Switches
Brocade::RFS
Aironet 1130 AG
Cisco::Aironet_1130
Aironet 1240 AG
Cisco::Aironet_1242
Aironet 1250
Cisco::Aironet_1250
Aironet (WDS)
Cisco::Aironet_WDS
Catalyst 2900XL Series
Cisco::Catalyst_2900XL
Catalyst 2950
Cisco::Catalyst_2950
Catalyst 2960
Cisco::Catalyst_2960
Catalyst 2970
Cisco::Catalyst_2970
Catalyst 3500XL Series
Cisco::Catalyst_3500XL
Catalyst 3550
Cisco::Catalyst_3550
Catalyst 3560
Cisco::Catalyst_3560
Catalyst 3750
Cisco::Catalyst_3750
Cisco
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
List of supported Network Devices
3
Chapter 3
Vendor
Model
PacketFence Type (used in
switches.conf)
Catalyst 4500
Cisco::Catalyst_4500
Catalyst 6500
Cisco::Catalyst_6500
Router ISR 1800 Series
Cisco::ISR_1800
Wireless Services Module
Cisco::WiSM
Wireless Services Module 2
Cisco::WiSM2
2100 Wireless Controller
Cisco::WLC_2106
4400 Wireless Controller
Cisco::WLC_4400
5500 Wireless Controller
Cisco::WLC_5500
Wireless Controller (WLC)
Cisco::WLC
DES 3526
Dlink::DES_3526
DES 3550
Dlink::DES_3550
DGS 3100
Dlink::DGS_3100
DGS 3200
Dlink::DGS_3200
DWL Access-Points
Dlink::DWL
DWS 3026
Dlink::DWS_3026
PowerConnect 3424
Dell::PowerConnect3424
Force 10
Dell::Force10
3526XA
Accton::ES3536XA
3528M
Accton::ES3528M
Matrix N3
Enterasys::Matrix_N3
SecureStack C2
Enterasys::SecureStack_C2
SecureStack C3
Enterasys::SecureStack_C3
Standalone D2
Enterasys::D2
Extreme Networks
Summit Series
Extreme::Summit
Extricom
EXSW Wireless Switches
Extricom::EXSW
Foundry
FastIron 4802
Foundry::FastIron_4802
H3C
S5120 Series
H3C::S5120
hostapd
hostapd daemon
Hostapd
HP
E4800G Switch series
HP::E4800G
E5500G Switch series
HP::E5500G
MSM 710 Mobility Controller
HP::Controller_MSM710
ProCurve 2500 Series
HP::Procurve_2500
ProCurve 2600 Series
HP::Procurve_2600
ProCurve 3400cl Series
HP::Procurve_3400cl
ProCurve 4100 Series
HP::Procurve_4100
ProCurve 5300 Series
HP::Procurve_5300
ProCurve 5400 Series
HP::Procurve_5400
D-Link
Dell
Edge-corE
Enterasys
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
List of supported Network Devices
4
Chapter 3
Vendor
Model
PacketFence Type (used in
switches.conf)
Intel
Express 460
Intel::Express_460
Express 530
Intel::Express_530
Juniper
EX Series
Juniper::EX
LG-Ericsson
iPECS Series
LG::ES4500G
Linksys
SRW224G4
Linksys::SRW224G4
Meru
MC Series
Meru::MC
Motorola
RF Switches
Motorola::RFS
Netgear
FSM726v1
Netgear::FSM726v1
GS110
Netgear::GS110
BPS2000
Nortel::BPS2000
ERS 2500 Series
Nortel::ERS2500
ERS 4000 Series
Nortel::ERS4000
ERS 5000 Series
Nortel::ERS5000
ERS 5500 with firmware 6
Nortel::ERS5500_6x
ES325
Nortel::ES325
Baystack 470
Nortel::Baystack470
Baystack 4550
Nortel::Baystack4550
Baystack 5500 Series
Nortel::Baystack5500
Baystack 5500 w/ 6.x
Nortel::BayStack5500_6x
Ruckus
Ruckus ZoneDirector
Ruckus
SMC
TigerStack 6128 L2
SMC::TS6128L2
TigerStack 6224M
SMC::TS6224M
TigerStack 8824-48M
SMC::TS8800M
Trapeze
Trapeze Controllers
Trapeze
Xirrus
Xirrus WiFi Arrays
Xirrus
Nortel
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
List of supported Network Devices
5
Chapter 4
Switch configuration
Assumptions
Throughout this configuration example we use the following assumptions for our network infrastructure:
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
PacketFence is fully configured with FreeRADIUS running (if you want 802.1X or MAC Auth)
PacketFence IP address: 192.168.1.5
Normal VLAN: 1
Registration VLAN: 2
Isolation VLAN: 3
MAC Detection VLAN: 4
Guest VLAN: 5
VoIP, Voice VLAN: 100
use SNMP v2c
SNMP Read community: public
SNMP Write community: private
SNMP Trap community: public
RADIUS Secret: useStrongerSecret
3COM
SuperStack 3 Switch 4200 and 4500
PacketFence supports these 3Com switches without VoIP using one trap type:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
∏ Port Security (with static MACs)
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
linkUp / linkDown only
Global config settings:
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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snmp-agent
snmp-agent target-host trap address udp-domain 192.168.1.5 params securityname
public
snmp-agent trap enable standard linkup linkdown
On each interface:
port access vlan 4
In Port Security
Global config settings:
snmp-agent
snmp-agent target-host trap address udp-domain 192.168.1.5 params securityname
public
snmp-agent trap enable
port-security enable
port-security trap addresslearned
port-security trap intrusion
On each interface:
port access vlan 4
port-security max-mac-count 1
port-security port-mode secure
port-security intrusion-mode blockmac
undo enable snmp trap updown
E4800G
PacketFence supports these 3Com switches with the following techniques:
∏ 802.1X with MAC Authentication fallback
∏ linkUp/linkDown (not recommended)
Voice over IP support was not explicitly tested during implementation however it does not mean that
it won’t work.
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
linkUp / linkDown only
Global config settings:
snmp-agent
snmp-agent target-host trap address udp-domain 192.168.1.5 params securityname
public
snmp-agent trap enable standard linkup linkdown
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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Chapter 4
On each interface:
port access vlan 4
802.1X with MAC Authentication fallback
Global config settings:
system-view
radius scheme PacketFence
primary authentication 192.168.1.5 1812
primary accounting 192.168.1.5 1812
key authentication useStrongerSecret
user-name-format without-domain
quit
domain packetfence.local
authentication default radius-scheme PacketFence
authorization default radius-scheme PacketFence
quit
domain default enable packetfence.local
dot1x authentication-method eap
port-security enable
quit
If your management authentication on your switch is default, applying the configuration above will have
your authentication switch to a RADIUS based one with PacketFence as the authentication server. It is
almost certain that you do not want that!
Below, we will just create a local password for vty accesses (telnet) and nothing on the console. In order
to avoid locking yourself out, make sure to verify your configuration!
system-view
user-interface aux 0
authentication-mode none
user-interface vty 0 4
user privilege level 3
set authentication password simple useStrongerPassword
quit
quit
On each interface:
system-view
interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/xx
port-security port-mode mac-else-userlogin-secure-ext
# userlogin-secure-or-mac-ext could be used below instead
# see the Switch_4200G's documentation for a discussion about it
undo enable snmp trap updown
quit
quit
where xx stands for the interface index.
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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Chapter 4
E5500G and Switch 4200G
PacketFence supports these 3Com switches with the following techniques:
∏ 802.1X with MAC Authentication fallback
∏ linkUp/linkDown (not recommended)
Voice over IP support was not explicitly tested during implementation however it does not mean that
it won’t work.
Don’t forget to update the startup config !
linkUp / linkDown only
Global config settings:
snmp-agent
snmp-agent target-host trap address udp-domain 192.168.1.5 params
securityname public
snmp-agent trap enable standard linkup linkdown
On each interface:
port access vlan 4
802.1X with MAC Authentication fallback
Global config settings:
system-view
radius scheme PacketFence
server-type standard
primary authentication 192.168.1.5 1812
primary accounting 192.168.1.5 1812
accounting optional
key authentication useStrongerSecret
user-name-format without-domain
quit
domain packetfence.local
radius-scheme PacketFence
vlan-assignment-mode string
quit
domain default enable packetfence.local
dot1x authentication-method eap
port-security enable
quit
If your management authentication on your switch is default, applying the configuration above will have
your authentication switch to a RADIUS based one with PacketFence as the authentication server. It is
almost certain that you do not want that!
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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Chapter 4
Below, we will just create a local password for vty accesses (telnet) and nothing on the console. In order
to avoid locking yourself out, make sure to verify your configuration!
system-view
user-interface aux 0
authentication-mode none
user-interface vty 0 4
user privilege level 3
set authentication password simple useStrongerPassword
quit
quit
On each interface:
system-view
interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/xx
port-security port-mode mac-else-userlogin-secure-ext
# userlogin-secure-or-mac-ext could be used below instead
# see the Switch_4200G's documentation for a discussion about it
undo enable snmp trap updown
quit
quit
where xx stands for the interface index
NJ220
This switch does not support port-security.
To configure: use web interface to send the linkUp/linkDown traps to the PacketFence server.
AlliedTelesis
AT8000GS
PacketFence supports the AT8000GS switch using :
∏ Mac Authentication (mac-only)
∏ 802.1X
VoIP support is limited using 802.1X/MAC authentication. We do have a limitation where the phone needs
to be on the same VLAN as the PC (no voice VLAN concept).
Mac Authentication
First, activate 802.1X globally:
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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Chapter 4
dot1x system-auth-control
Next, configure the RADIUS server and AAA settings:
radius-server host 10.0.0.100
radius-server key qwerty
radius-server source-ip 10.0.0.14
aaa authentication dot1x default radius
aaa accounting dot1x radius
In order to get mac authentication, you need to enable the guest VLAN globally:
interface vlan 5
name "Guest Vlan"
dot1x guest-vlan
exit
Finally, enable the necessary 802.1X settings for mac-only authentication:
interface ethernet g1
dot1x mac-authentication mac-only
dot1x radius-attributes vlan
dot1x port-control auto
dot1x guest-vlan enable
802.1X
The settings are almost the same as the MAC Authentication with some small differences.
First, activate 802.1X globally:
dot1x system-auth-control
Next, configure the RADIUS server and AAA settings:
radius-server host 10.0.0.100
radius-server key qwerty
radius-server source-ip 10.0.0.14
aaa authentication dot1x default radius
aaa accounting dot1x radius
Finally, enable the necessary 802.1X settings:
interface ethernet g1
dot1x radius-attributes vlan
dot1x port-control auto
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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Chapter 4
Amer
PacketFence supports Amer switches without VoIP using one trap type:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
L2 Switch SS2R24i
Global config settings:
create snmp host 192.168.1.5 v2c public
create snmp user public ReadGroup
enable snmp traps
On each interface:
config vlan default delete xx
config vlan mac-detection add untagged xx
where xx stands for the interface index
Avaya
Avaya bought Nortel’s wired networks assets. So Avaya switches are, in effect, re-branded Nortels. See
Nortel section of this document for configuration instructions.
Brocade
ICX 6400 Series
Those switches are supported using 802.1X for networks with or without VoIP.
∏ Global config settings:
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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aaa authentication dot1x default radius
radius-server host 192.168.1.5 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813 default
radius-server key useStrongerSecret
vlan 1 name DEFAULT-VLAN by port
!
vlan 100 by port
tagged ethe 1/1/xx ethe 1/1/yy
Where xx and yy represent the range of ports where you want PacketFence enforcement.
MAC-Authentication without VoIP
∏ Enable MAC-Authentication globally
mac-authentication enable
mac-authentication mac-vlan-dyn-activation
∏ Enable MAC-Authentication on each interface you want PacketFence active
mac-authentication enable
mac-authentication enable-dynamic-vlan
MAC-Authentication with VoIP
∏ Enable cdp globally
cdp run
∏ Apply the following configuration on each interface you want PacketFence active
dual-mode
mac-authentication enable
mac-authentication enable-dynamic-vlan
voice-vlan 100
cdp enable
802.1x/MAC-Auth
∏ Enable 802.1X globally
dot1x-enable
re-authentication
enable ethe 1/1/xx
Where xx is the switch port number
∏ Apply the following configuration on each interface you want PacketFence active
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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Chapter 4
dot1x port-control auto
dual-mode
mac-authentication enable
mac-authentication enable-dynamic-vlan
voice-vlan 100
Cisco
PacketFence supports Cisco switches with VoIP using three different trap types:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
∏ MAC Notification
∏ Port Security (with static MACs)
On some recent models, we can also use more secure and robust features like:
∏ MAC Authentication (Cisco’s MAC Authentication Bypass or MAB)
∏ 802.1x (Multi-Host or Multi-Domain)
Depending of the switch model, we recommend the use of the most secure and reliable feature first. In
other words, you should consider the following order:
1. 802.1x/MAB
2. Port-Security
3. linkUp/linkDown
2900XL Series and 3500XL Series
linkUP/linkDown SNMP traps
Global config settings:
snmp-server community public RO
snmp-server community private RW
snmp-server enable traps snmp linkdown linkup
snmp-server enable traps mac-notification
snmp-server host 192.168.1.5 trap version 2c public snmp mac-notification
mac-address-table notification interval 0
mac-address-table notification
mac-address-table aging-time 3600
On each interface without VoIP:
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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switchport mode access
switchport access vlan 4
snmp trap mac-notification added
On each interface with VoIP:
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
switchport trunk native vlan 4
switchport mode trunk
switchport voice vlan 100
snmp trap mac-notification added
snmp trap mac-notification removed
2950
Those switches are now supported using 802.1X for networks with or without VoIP. You can also use portsecurity with static MAC address but we can not secure a MAC on the data VLAN specifically so enable it
if there is no VoIP, use linkUp/linkDown and MAC notification otherwise.So on setup that needs to handle
VoIP with this switch, go with a 802.1X configuration.
802.1X
Recently, we were able to add the support for 802.1X on those switch even if they are not supporting
RADIUS dynamic VLAN assignments.
Global config settings:
dot1x system-auth-control
AAA Groups and Configuration:
aaa new-model
aaa group server radius packetfence
server 192.168.1.5 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813
aaa authentication login default local
aaa authentication dot1x default group packetfence
aaa authorization network default group packetfence
Radius server configuration:
radius-server host 192.168.1.5 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813 timeout 2
key useStrongerSecret
radius-server vsa send authentication
For ports without VoIP:
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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Chapter 4
switchport access vlan 4
switchport mode access
dot1x port-control auto
dot1x host-mode multi-host
dot1x reauthentication
For ports with VoIP:
switchport access vlan 4
switchport mode access
switchport voice vlan 100
dot1x port-control auto
dot1x host-mode multi-host
dot1x reauthentication
Port-Security
Caution
With port-security, if no MAC is connected on ports when activating port-security, we
need to secure bogus MAC addresses on ports in order for the switch to send a trap
when a new MAC appears on a port. On the other hand, if a MAC is actually connected
when you enable port security, you must secure this MAC rather than the bogus one.
Otherwise this MAC will lose its connectivity instantly.
Global config settings without VoIP:
snmp-server enable traps port-security
snmp-server enable traps port-security trap-rate 1
snmp-server host 192.168.1.5 version 2c public port-security
On each interface without VoIP:
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
mode access
access vlan 4
port-security
port-security violation restrict
port-security mac-address 0200.0000.00xx
where xx stands for the interface ifIndex.
ifIndex mapping
Use the following templates for interface IfIndex in bogus MAC addresses
(0200.0000.00xx):
∏ Fa0/1, …, Fa0/48 � 1, …, 48
∏ Gi0/1, Gi0/2 � 49, 50
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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Global config settings with VoIP:
snmp-server community public RO
snmp-server community private RW
snmp-server enable traps snmp linkdown linkup
snmp-server enable traps mac-notification
snmp-server host 192.168.1.5 trap version 2c public snmp mac-notification
mac-address-table notification interval 0
mac-address-table notification
mac-address-table aging-time 3600
On each interface with VoIP:
switchport voice vlan 100
switchport access vlan 4
switchport mode access
snmp trap mac-notification added
snmp trap mac-notification removed
2960
Caution
For 802.1X and MAB configurations, refer to this section below.
PortSecurity for IOS earlier than 12.2(46)SE Global config settings:
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
community public RO
community private RW
enable traps port-security
enable traps port-security trap-rate 1
host 192.168.1.5 version 2c public port-security
On each interface without VoIP:
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
access vlan 4
port-security
port-security maximum 1 vlan access
port-security violation restrict
port-security mac-address 0200.000x.xxxx
where xxxxx stands for the interface ifIndex
On each interface with VoIP:
Copyright © 2010-2013 Inverse inc.
Switch configuration
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switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
voice vlan 100
access vlan 4
port-security
port-security maximum 2
port-security maximum 1 vlan access
port-security violation restrict
port-security mac-address 0200.000x.xxxx
where xxxxx stands for the interface ifIndex
ifIndex mapping
Use the following templates for interface IfIndex in bogus MAC addresses
(0200.000x.xxxx):
∏ Fa0/1…Fa0/48 � 10001…10048
∏ Gi0/1…Gi0/48 � 10101…10148
PortSecurity for IOS 12.2(46)SE or greater
Since version PacketFence 2.2.1, the way to handle VoIP when using port-security dramatically changed.
Ensure that you follow the instructions below. To make the story short, instead on relying on the dynamic
MAC learning for VoIP, we use a static entry on the voice VLAN so we can trigger a new security violation,
and then authorize the phone MAC address on the network.
Global config settings:
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
community public RO
community private RW
enable traps port-security
enable traps port-security trap-rate 1
host 192.168.1.5 version 2c public port-security
On each interface without VoIP:
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
access vlan 4
port-security
port-security maximum 1 vlan access
port-security violation restrict
port-security mac-address 0200.000x.xxxx
where xxxxx stands for the interface ifIndex
On each interface with VoIP:
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switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
voice vlan 100
access vlan 4
port-security
port-security maximum 2
port-security maximum 1 vlan access
port-security maximum 1 vlan voice
port-security violation restrict
port-security mac-address 0200.010x.xxxx vlan voice
port-security mac-address 0200.000x.xxxx vlan access
where xxxxx stands for the interface ifIndex
ifIndex mapping
Use the following templates for interface IfIndex in bogus MAC addresses
(0200.000x.xxxx):
∏ Fa0/1…Fa0/48 � 10001…10048
∏ Gi0/1…Gi0/48 � 10101…10148
2970, 3560, 3550, 3750
Caution
The Catalyst 3550 does not support 802.1x with Multi-Domain, it can only support 802.1x
with MAB using Multi-Host, MAB, and Port-Security.
802.1x with MAC Authentication bypass (MultiDomain)
Global config settings:
dot1x system-auth-control
On each interface:
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switchport mode access
switchport voice vlan 100
authentication host-mode multi-domain
authentication order dot1x mab
authentication priority dot1x mab
authentication port-control auto
authentication periodic
authentication timer restart 10800
authentication timer reauthenticate 10800
mab
no snmp trap link-status
dot1x pae authenticator
dot1x timeout quiet-period 2
dot1x timeout tx-period 3
AAA Groups and Configuration:
aaa new-model
aaa group server radius packtfence
server 192.168.1.5 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813
aaa authentication login default local
aaa authentication dot1x default group packetfence
aaa authorization network default group packetfence
Radius server configuration:
radius-server host 192.168.1.5 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813 timeout 2 key
useStrongerSecret
radius-server vsa send authentication
CoA configuration
aaa server radius dynamic-author
client 192.168.1.5 server-key useStrongerSecret
port 3799
802.1x with MAC Authentication bypass (MultiHost)
Global config settings:
dot1x system-auth-control
On each interface:
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switchport mode access
authentication order dot1x mab
authentication priority dot1x mab
authentication port-control auto
authentication periodic
authentication timer restart 10800
authentication timer reauthenticate 7200
mab
no snmp trap link-status
dot1x pae authenticator
dot1x timeout quiet-period 2
dot1x timeout tx-period 3
AAA Groups and Configuration
aaa new-model
aaa group server radius packetfence
server 192.168.1.5 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813
aaa authentication login default local
aaa authentication dot1x default group packetfence
aaa authorization network default group packetfence
Radius server configuration
radius-server host 10.10.10.10 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813 timeout 2 key
useStrongerSecret
radius-server vsa send authentication
CoA configuration
aaa server radius dynamic-author
client 192.168.1.5 server-key useStrongerSecret
port 3799
MAC Authentication bypass only
Global config settings
dot1x system-auth-control
On each interface
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switchport mode access
switchport voice vlan 100
dot1x mac-auth-bypass
dot1x pae authenticator
dot1x port-control auto
dot1x timeout tx-period 5
dot1x reauthentication
authentication periodic
authentication timer restart 10800
authentication timer reauthenticate 7200
mab
no snmp trap link-status
AAA Groups and Configuration
aaa new-model
aaa group server radius packtfence
server 192.168.1.5 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813
aaa authentication login default local
aaa authentication dot1x default group packetfence
aaa authorization network default group packetfence
Radius server configuration
radius-server host 192.168.1.5 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813 timeout 2 key
useStrongerSecret
radius-server vsa send authentication
CoA configuration
aaa server radius dynamic-author
client 192.168.1.5 server-key useStrongerSecret
port 3799
Port-Security
Global config settings
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
community public RO
community private RW
enable traps port-security
enable traps port-security trap-rate 1
host 192.168.1.5 version 2c public port-security
On each interface without VoIP:
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
access vlan 4
port-security
port-security maximum 1 vlan access
port-security violation restrict
port-security mac-address 0200.000x.xxxx
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where xxxxx stands for the interface ifIndex
On each interface with VoIP:
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
voice vlan 100
access vlan 4
port-security
port-security maximum 2
port-security maximum 1 vlan access
port-security violation restrict
port-security mac-address 0200.000x.xxxx
where xxxxx stands for the interface ifIndex
ifIndex mapping
Use the following templates for interface IfIndex in bogus MAC addresses
(0200.000x.xxxx):
∏ Fa0/1…Fa0/48 � 10001…10048
∏ Gi0/1…Gi0/48 � 10101…10148
Stacked 29xx, Stacked 35xx, Stacked 3750, 4500 Series, 6500 Series
The 4500 Series and all the stacked switches work exactly the same way as if they were not stacked so
the configuration is the same: they support port-security with static MAC address and allow us to secure
a MAC on the data VLAN so we enable it whether there is VoIP or not.
We need to secure bogus MAC addresses on ports in order for the switch to send a trap when a new
MAC appears on a port.
Global config settings
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
community public RO
community private RW
enable traps port-security
enable traps port-security trap-rate 1
host 192.168.1.5 version 2c public port-security
On each interface without VoIP:
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
access vlan 4
port-security
port-security maximum 1 vlan access
port-security violation restrict
port-security mac-address 0200.000x.xxxx
On each interface with VoIP:
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switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
voice vlan 100
access vlan 4
port-security
port-security maximum 2
port-security maximum 1 vlan access
port-security violation restrict
port-security mac-address 0200.000x.xxxx
where xxxxx stands for the interface ifIndex
ifIndex mapping
Use the following templates for interface IfIndex in bogus MAC addresses
(0200.000x.xxxx):
∏ Fa1/0/1…Fa1/0/48 � 10001…10048
∏ Gi1/0/1…Gi1/0/48 � 10101…10148
∏ Fa2/0/1…Fa2/0/48 � 10501…10548
∏ Gi2/0/1…Gi2/0/48 � 10601…10648
∏ Fa3/0/1…Fa3/0/48 � 11001…11048
∏ Gi3/0/1…Gi3/0/48 � 11101…11148
∏ Fa4/0/1…Fa4/0/48 � 11501…11548
∏ Gi4/0/1…Gi4/0/48 � 11601…11648
∏ …
Router ISR 1800 Series
PacketFence supports the 1800 series Router with linkUp / linkDown traps. It cannot do anything about the
router interfaces (ie: fa0 and fa1 on a 1811). VLAN interfaces ifIndex should also be marked as uplinks in
the PacketFence switch configuration as they generate traps but are of no interest to PacketFence (layer 3).
Global config settings:
snmp-server enable traps snmp linkdown linkup
snmp-server host 192.168.1.5 trap version 2c public
On each interface:
switchport mode access
switchport access vlan 4
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D-Link
PacketFence supports D-Link switches without VoIP using two different trap types:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
∏ MAC Notification
We recommend to enable linkUp/linkDown and MAC notification together.
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
DES3526 / 3550
Global config settings
To be contributed...
On each interface:
To be contributed...
DGS3100/3200
Enable MAC notification:
enable mac_notification
config mac_notification interval 1 historysize 1
config mac_notification ports 1:1-1:24 enable
Enable linkup/linkdown notification:
enable snmp traps
enable snmp linkchange_traps
Add SNMP host:
create snmp host 192.168.1.5 v2c
public
Enable MAC base access control:
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enable mac_based_access_control
config mac_based_access_control
disable
config mac_based_access_control
config mac_based_access_control
config mac_based_access_control
config mac_based_access_control
config mac_based_access_control
config mac_based_access_control
authorization attributes radius enable local
method radius
password useStrongerSecret
password_type manual_string
max_users no_limit
trap state enable
log state enable
On each interface:
config
config
config
config
config
mac_based_access_control
mac_based_access_control
mac_based_access_control
mac_based_access_control
mac_based_access_control
ports
ports
ports
ports
ports
1:1
1:1
1:1
1:1
1:1
state enable
max_users 128
aging_time 1440
block_time 300
mode host_based
Dell
Force 10
PacketFence supports this switch using RADIUS, MAC-Authentication and 802.1x.
Global config settings
radius-server host 192.168.1.5 key s3cr3t auth-port 1812
MAB interface configuration:
interface GigabitEthernet 0/1
no ip address
switchport
dot1x authentication
dot1x mac-auth-bypass
dot1x auth-type mab-only
no shutdown
802.1x interface configuration:
interface GigabitEthernet 0/1
no ip address
switchport
dot1x authentication
no shutdown
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PowerConnect 3424
PacketFence supports this switch using linkUp/linkDown traps.
Global config settings
To be contributed...
On each interface:
To be contributed...
EdgecorE
PacketFence supports Edge-corE switches without VoIP using linkUp/linkDown traps.
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
3526XA and 3528M
Global config settings
SNMP-server host 192.168.1.5 public version 2c udp-port 162
Enterasys
PacketFence supports Enterasys switches without VoIP using two different trap types:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
∏ MAC Locking (Port Security with static MACs)
We recommend to enable MAC locking only.
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
Matrix N3
linkUp/linkDown traps are enabled by default so we disable them and enable MAC locking only. Also, by
default this switch doesn’t do an electrical low-level linkDown when setting the port to admin down. So
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we need to activate a global option called forcelinkdown to enable this behaviour. Without this option,
clients don’t understand that they lost their connection and they never do a new DHCP on VLAN change.
Global config settings
set
set
set
set
set
set
snmp community public
snmp targetparams v2cPF user public security-model v2c message-processing v2c
snmp notify entryPF tag TrapPF
snmp targetaddr tr 192.168.1.5 param v2cPF taglist TrapPF
maclock enable
forcelinkdown enable
On each interface:
set
set
set
set
set
port trap ge.1.xx disable
maclock enable ge.1.xx
maclock static ge.1.xx 1
maclock firstarrival ge.1.xx 0
maclock trap ge.1.xx enable
where xx stands for the interface index.
SecureStack C2
linkUp/linkDown traps are enabled by default so we disable them and enable MAC locking only.
Global config settings
set
set
set
set
set
snmp community public
snmp targetparams v2cPF user public security-model v2c message-processing v2c
snmp notify entryPF tag TrapPF
snmp targetaddr tr 192.168.1.5 param v2cPF taglist TrapPF
maclock enable
On each interface:
set
set
set
set
port trap fe.1.xx disable
maclock enable fe.1.xx
maclock static fe.1.xx 1
maclock firstarrival fe.1.xx 0
where xx stands for the interface index
SecureStack C3
This switch has the particular feature of allowing more than one untagged egress VLAN per port. This
means that you must add all the VLAN created for PacketFence as untagged egress VLAN on the relevant
interfaces. This is why there is a VLAN command on each interface below.
linkUp/linkDown traps are enabled by default so we disable them and enable MAC locking only.
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Global config settings
set
set
set
set
set
snmp community public
snmp targetparams v2cPF user public security-model v2c message-processing v2c
snmp notify entryPF tag TrapPF
snmp targetaddr tr 192.168.1.5 param v2cPF taglist TrapPF
maclock enable
On each interface:
set
set
set
set
set
set
vlan egress 1,2,3 ge.1.xx untagged
port trap ge.1.xx disable
maclock enable ge.1.xx
maclock static ge.1.xx 1
maclock firstarrival ge.1.xx 0
maclock trap ge.1.xx enable
where xx stands for the interface index
Standalone D2
linkUp/linkDown traps are enabled by default so we disable them and enable MAC locking only.
Caution
This switch Switch accepts multiple untagged VLAN per port when configured through
SNMP. This is problematic because on some occasions the untagged VLAN port list can
become inconsistent with the switch’s running config. To fix that, clear all untagged
VLANs of a port even if the CLI interface doesn’t show them. To do so, use: clear vlan
egress <vlans> <ports>
Global config settings
set
set
set
set
set
snmp community public
snmp targetparams v2cPF user public security-model v2c message-processing v2c
snmp notify entryPF tag TrapPF
snmp targetaddr tr 192.168.1.5 param v2cPF taglist TrapPF
maclock enable
On each interface:
set
set
set
set
set
port trap ge.1.xx disable
maclock enable ge.1.xx
maclock static ge.1.xx 1
maclock firstarrival ge.1.xx 0
maclock trap ge.1.xx enable
where xx stands for the interface index
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Extreme Networks
PacketFence supports Extreme Networks switches using:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
∏ MAC Address Lockdown (Port Security)
∏ Netlogin - MAC Authentication
∏ Netlogin - 802.1X
Don’t forget to save the configuration!
All Extreme XOS based switches
In addition to the SNMP and VLANs settings, this switch needs the Web Services to be enabled and an
administrative username and password provided in its PacketFence configuration for Web Services.
MAC Address Lockdown (Port-Security)
linkUp/linkDown traps are enabled by default so we disable them and enable MAC Address Lockdown only.
Global config settings without Voice over IP (VoIP):
enable snmp access
configure snmp add trapreceiver
enable web http
configure vlan "Default" delete
configure vlan registration add
configure ports <portlist> vlan
disable snmp traps port-up-down
192.168.1.5 community public
ports <portlist>
ports <portlist> untagged
registration lock-learning
ports <portlist>
where <portlist> are ports you want to secure. It can be an individual port or a port-range with a dash.
Global config settings with Voice over IP (VoIP):
enable snmp access
configure snmp add trapreceiver 192.168.1.5 community public
enable web http
configure vlan "Default" delete ports <portlist>
configure vlan registration add ports <portlist> untagged
configure vlan voice add ports <portlist> tagged
configure ports <portlist> vlan registration lock-learning
configure ports <portlist> vlan voice limit-learning 1
disable snmp traps port-up-down ports <portlist>
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where <portlist> are ports you want to secure. It can be an individual port or a port-range with a dash.
MAC Authentication
AAA Configuration
configure radius netlogin primary server 192.168.1.5 1812 client-ip 10.0.0.8 vr
VR-Default
configure radius netlogin primary shared-secret 12345
enable radius netlogin
Netlogin (Mac Authentication)
configure netlogin vlan temp
enable netlogin mac
configure netlogin dynamic-vlan enable
configure netlogin dynamic-vlan uplink-ports 50
configure netlogin mac authentication database-order radius
enable netlogin ports 1-48 mac
configure netlogin ports 1-48 mode port-based-vlans
configure netlogin ports 1-48 no-restart
802.1X
AAA Configuration
configure radius netlogin primary server 192.168.1.5 1812 client-ip 10.0.0.8 vr
VR-Default
configure radius netlogin primary shared-secret 12345
enable radius netlogin
Netlogin (802.1X)
configure netlogin vlan temp
enable netlogin dot1x
configure netlogin dynamic-vlan enable
configure netlogin dynamic-vlan uplink-ports 50
enable netlogin ports 1-48 dot1x
configure netlogin ports 1-48 mode port-based-vlans
configure netlogin ports 1-48 no-restart
Note
You can mix the MAC Authentication and 802.1X on the same switchport. If the device
fails 802.1X authentication, it will roll back to the MAC Authentication.
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Foundry
FastIron 4802
PacketFence support this switch with optional VoIP using two different trap types:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
∏ Port Security (with static MACs)
We recommend to enable Port Security only.
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
Those switches support port-security with static MAC address and allow us to secure a MAC on the data
VLAN so we enable it whether there is VoIP or not.
We need to secure bogus MAC addresses on ports in order for the switch to send a trap when a new
MAC appears on a port.
Global config settings
snmp-server host 192.168.1.5 public
no snmp-server enable traps link-down
no snmp-server enable traps link-up
On each interface without VoIP:
int eth xx
port security
enable
maximum 1
secure 0200.0000.00xx 0
violation restrict
where xx stands for the interface ifIndex.
With VoIP a little more work needs to be performed. Instead of the no-VoIP, put in the following config:
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conf t
vlan <mac-detection-vlan>
untagged eth xx
vlan <voice-vlan>
tagged eth xx
int eth xx
dual-mode <mac-detection-vlan>
port security
maximum 2
secure 0200.00xx.xxxx <mac-detection-vlan>
secure 0200.01xx.xxxx <voice-vlan>
violation restrict
enable
where xxxxxx stands for the interface number (filled with zeros), <voice-vlan> with your voice-VLAN
number and <mac-detection-vlan> with your mac-detection VLAN number.
H3C
S5120 Switch series
PacketFence supports these switches with the following technologies:
∏ 802.1X (with or without VoIP)
∏ 802.1X with MAC Authentication fallback (with or without VoIP)
∏ MAC Authentication (with or without VoIP)
802.1X
Radius scheme creation:
radius scheme packetfence
primary authentication 192.168.1.5 1812 key useStrongerSecret
primary accounting 192.168.1.5 1813 key useStrongerSecret
user-name-format without-domain
ISP-Domain creation:
domain packetfence
authentication default radius-scheme packetfence
authentication lan-access radius-scheme packetfence
authorization lan-access radius-scheme packetfence
SNMP settings:
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snmp-agent
snmp-agent community read public
snmp-agent community write private
snmp-agent sys-info version v2c
Global configuration:
port-security enable
dot1x authentication-method eap
Global configuration (with VoIP):
Add the following to the previous global configuration.
undo voice vlan security enable
lldp compliance cdp
Interfaces configuration:
port link-type hybrid
port hybrid vlan 5 untagged
port hybrid pvid vlan 5
mac-vlan enable
stp edged-port enable
port-security max-mac-count 1
port-security port-mode userlogin-secure
port-security intrusion-mode blockmac
dot1x re-authenticate
dot1x max-user 1
dot1x guest-vlan 5
undo dot1x handshake
dot1x mandatory-domain packetfence
undo dot1x multicast-trigger
Interfaces configuration (with VoIP):
Add the following to the previous interfaces configuration.
port hybrid vlan 100 tagged
undo voice vlan mode auto
voice vlan 100 enable
lldp compliance admin-status cdp txrx
port-security max-mac-count 3
dot1x max-user 2
802.1X with MAC Authentication fallback
Since using MAC Authentication as a fallback of 802.1X, use the previous 802.1X configuration and add
the followings.
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This configuration is the same with or without VoIP.
Global configuration:
mac-authentication domain packetfence
Interfaces configuration:
mac-authentication guest-vlan 5
port-security port-mode userlogin-secure-or-mac
MAC Authentication
Radius scheme creation:
radius scheme packetfence
primary authentication 192.168.1.5 1812 key useStrongerSecret
primary accounting 192.168.1.5 1813 key useStrongerSecret
user-name-format without-domain
ISP-Domain creation:
domain packetfence
authentication default radius-scheme packetfence
authentication lan-access radius-scheme packetfence
authorization lan-access radius-scheme packetfence
SNMP settings:
snmp-agent
snmp-agent community read public
snmp-agent community write private
snmp-agent sys-info version v2c
Global configuration:
port-security enable
mac-authentication domain packetfence
Global configuration (with VoIP):
Add the following to the previous global configuration.
undo voice vlan security enable
lldp compliance cdp
Interfaces configuration:
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port link-type hybrid
port hybrid vlan 5 untagged
port hybrid pvid vlan 5
mac-vlan enable
stp edged-port enable
mac-authentication guest-vlan 5
port-security max-mac-count 1
port-security port-mode mac-authentication
port-security intrusion-mode blockmac
Interfaces configuration (with VoIP):
Add the following to the previous interfaces configuration.
port hybrid vlan 100 tagged
undo voice vlan mode auto
voice vlan 100 enable
lldp compliance admin-status cdp txrx
port-security max-mac-count 3
HP
E4800G and E5500G Switch series
These are re-branded 3Com switches, see under the 3Com section for their documentation.
HP ProCurve
PacketFence supports ProCurve switches without VoIP using two different trap types:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
∏ Port Security (with static MACs)
We recommend to enable Port Security only.
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
Note
HP ProCurve only sends one security trap to PacketFence per security violation so
make sure PacketFence runs when you configure port-security. Also, because of the
above limitation, it is considered good practice to reset the intrusion flag as a first
troubleshooting step.
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If you want to learn more about intrusion flag and port-security, please refer to the ProCurve
documentation.
Caution
If you configure a switch that is already in production be careful that enabling portsecurity causes active MAC addresses to be automatically added to the intrusion list
without a security trap sent to PacketFence. This is undesired because PacketFence will
not be notified that it needs to configure the port. As a work-around, unplug clients
before activating port-security or remove the intrusion flag after you enabled portsecurity with: port-security <port> clear-intrusion-flag.
2500 Series
linkUp/linkDown traps are enabled by default so we disable them and enable Port Security only.
On 2500’s, we need to secure bogus MAC addresses on ports in order for the switch to send a trap when
a new MAC appears on a port.
Global config settings:
snmp-server community "public" Unrestricted
snmp-server host 192.168.1.5 "public" Not-INFO
no snmp-server enable traps link-change 1-26
On each interface:
port-security xx learn-mode static action send-alarm mac-address 0200000000xx
where xx stands for the interface index
2600 Series and 3400cl Series
Port-Security
linkUp/linkDown traps are enabled by default so we disable them and enable Port Security only.
On 2600’s, we don’t need to secure bogus MAC addresses on ports in order for the switch to send a trap
when a new MAC appears on a port.
Global config settings
snmp-server community public manager unrestricted
snmp-server host 192.168.1.5 "public" Not-INFO
no snmp-server enable traps link-change 1-26
On each interface:
port-security xx learn-mode configured action send-alarm
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where xx stands for the interface index
MAC Authentication (Firmware > 11.72)
In order to enable RADIUS mac authentication on the ports, you first need to join the ports to either the
registration or the mac detection vlan (as a security measure).
Next, define the RADIUS server host:
radius-server host 192.168.1.5 key use_stong_secret
Since HP now supports server-group, let’s create a group for the MAC authentication. Another one can
be used for management access:
aaa server-group radius "packetfence" host 192.168.1.5
aaa server-group radius "management" host 10.0.0.15
Configure the AAA authentication for MAC authentication to use the proper server-group:
aaa authentication mac-based chap-radius server-group "packetfence"
Finally, enable MAC authentication on all necessary ports:
aaa port-access mac-based 1-24
Don’t forget to permit address moves and the reauth period. x represents the port index:
aaa port-access mac-based x addr-moves
aaa port-access mac-based x reauth-period 14400
(Thanks to Jean-Francois Laporte for this contribution)
4100, 5300, 5400 Series
Port-Security
linkUp/linkDown traps are enabled by default and we have not found a way yet to disable them so do
not forget to declare the trunk ports as uplinks in the switch config file.
On 4100’s, we need to secure bogus MAC addresses on ports in order for the switch to send a trap when
a new MAC appears on a port. The ports are indexed differently on 4100’s: it’s based on the number of
modules you have in your 4100, each module is indexed with a letter.
Global config settings
snmp-server community "public" Unrestricted
snmp-server host 192.168.1.5 "public" Not-INFO
no snmp-server enable traps link-change 1-26
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You should configure interfaces like this:
port-security
...
port-security
port-security
...
port-security
port-security
...
A1 learn-mode static action send-alarm mac-address 020000000001
A24 learn-mode static action send-alarm mac-address 020000000024
B1 learn-mode static action send-alarm mac-address 020000000025
B24 learn-mode static action send-alarm mac-address 020000000048
C1 learn-mode static action send-alarm mac-address 020000000049
MAC Authentication (with VoIP)
In order to have MAC Authentication working with VoIP, you need to ensure that the Voice VLAN is tagged
on all the port first. You also need to activate lldp notification on all ports that will handle VoIP. Finally,
make sure to change the value of the $VOICEVLANAME variable in the Procurve 5400 module’s source code.
RADIUS configuration
radius-server host 192.168.1.5 key strongKey
MAC Authentication
aaa
aaa
aaa
aaa
aaa
aaa
aaa
port-access
port-access
port-access
port-access
port-access
port-access
port-access
mac-based C5-C7
mac-based C5 addr-limit
mac-based C6 addr-limit
mac-based C7 addr-limit
C5 controlled-direction
C6 controlled-direction
C7 controlled-direction
2
2
2
in
in
in
802.1X (with VoIP)
Same as MAC Authentication, you need to ensure that the Voice VLAN is tagged on all the port first if
using 802.1X. You also need to activate lldp notification on all ports that will handle VoIP. Finally, make
sure to change the value of the $VOICEVLANAME variable in the Procurve 5400 module’s source code.
RADIUS configuration
radius-server host 192.168.1.5 key strongKey
802.1X
aaa
aaa
aaa
aaa
aaa
authentication port-access eap-radius
port-access authenticator C3-C4
port-access authenticator C3 client-limit 3
port-access authenticator C4 client-limit 3
port-access authenticator active
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Intel
Express 460 and Express 530
PacketFence support these switches without VoIP using one trap type:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
Exact command-line configuration to be contributed…
Juniper
PacketFence supports Juniper switches without VoIP in MAC Authentication (Juniper’s MAC RADIUS) mode.
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# load replace terminal
[Type ^D at a new line to end input]
interfaces {
interface-range access-ports {
member-range ge-0/0/1 to ge-0/0/46;
unit 0 {
family ethernet-switching {
port-mode access;
}
}
}
}
protocols {
dot1x {
authenticator {
authentication-profile-name packetfence;
interface {
access-ports {
supplicant multiple;
mac-radius {
restrict;
}
}
}
}
}
}
access {
radius-server {
192.168.1.5 {
port 1812;
secret "useStrongerSecret";
}
}
profile packetfence {
authentication-order radius;
radius {
authentication-server 192.168.1.5;
accounting-server 192.168.1.5;
}
accounting {
order radius;
accounting-stop-on-failure;
accounting-stop-on-access-deny;
}
}
}
Ctrl-D
# commit comment "packetfenced"
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Change the interface-range statement to reflect the ports you want to secure with PacketFence.
LG-Ericsson
PacketFence supports iPECS series switches without VoIP using two different trap types:
∏ linkUp / linkDown
∏ Port Security (with static MACs)
On some recent models, we can also use more secure and robust features, like:
∏ MAC Authentication
∏ 802.1x
ES-4500G Series
LinkUp / LinkDown
Firmware 1.2.3.2 is required for linkUp / linkDown
Prior to config, make sure to create all necessaries VLANs and config the appropriate uplink port.
Global config settings
snmp-server
snmp-server
!
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
community public ro
community private rw
enable traps authentication
host 192.168.1.5 public version 2c udp-port 162
notify-filter traphost.192.168.1.5.public remote 192.168.1.5
Firmware is kinda buggy so you’ll need to enable linkUp / linkDown using the Web Interface under
Administration � SNMP.
Some reports shows that the switch doesn’t always send linkDown traps.
On each interface (except uplink)
switchport
switchport
switchport
switchport
allowed vlan add 4 untagged
native vlan 4
allowed vlan remove 1
mode access
Port-Security
Firmware 1.2.3.2 is required for port-security.
Prior to config, make sure to create all necessaries VLANs and config the appropriate uplink port.
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Chapter 4
Global config settings
snmp-server
snmp-server
!
snmp-server
snmp-server
snmp-server
community public ro
community private rw
enable traps authentication
host 192.168.1.5 public version 2c udp-port 162
notify-filter traphost.192.168.1.5.public remote 192.168.1.5
On each interface (except uplink)
port security max-mac-count 1
port security
port security action trap
switchport allowed vlan add 2 untagged
switchport native vlan 2
switchport allowed vlan remove 1
switchport mode access
The above port security command may not work using the CLI. In this case, use the Web Interface under
the Security � Port Security menu and enable each ports using the checkboxes.
It is also recommended, when using port-security, to disable link-change (UP / DOWN) traps.
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
Linksys
PacketFence supports Linksys switches without VoIP using one trap type:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
SRW224G4
Global config settings
no snmp-server trap authentication
snmp-server community CS_2000_le rw view Default
snmp-server community CS_2000_ls ro view Default
snmp-server host 192.168.1.5 public 2
On each interface
switchport access vlan 4
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Netgear
The "web-managed smart switch" models GS108Tv2/GS110/GS110TP are supported with Link up/down traps
only.
Higher-end "fully managed" switches including FSM726v1 are supported in Port Security mode.
FSM726 / FSM726S version 1
PacketFence supports FSM726 / FSM726S version 1 switches without VoIP in Port Security mode (with
static MACs) – called Trusted MAC table on Netgear’s hardware.
Using the HTTP GUI, follow the steps below to configure such feature. Of course, you must create all your
VLANs on the switch as well.
SNMP Settings
In Advanced � SNMP � Community Table, create a read-write community string and a trap community
string. You can use the same community for all the 3 functions (Get, Set, Trap).
Next, under Advanced � SNMP � Host Table, enable the Host Authorization feature and add the
PacketFence server into the allowed host list.
Finally, under Advanced � SNMP � Trap Setting, enable the authentication trap.
Trusted MAC Security
Under Advanced � Advanced Security � Trusted MAC Address, create a fake MAC address per port (ie.
02:00:00:00:00:xx where xx is the port number). This will have the effect of sending a security trap to
PacketFence when a new device plugs on the port.
Don’t forget to save the configuration!
GS108Tv2 / GS110T / GS110TP
PacketFence supports certain lower-end Netgear switches in Link Up/Link Down traps. These "webmanaged" switches have no command-line interface and only a subset of the port security and 802.1X
functionnality needed to interoperate with PacketFence in these more advanced modes. There is no way
to send a trap upon port security violation, and there is only pure 802.1X, no MAC Address Bypass.
Switch Configuration
It can be difficult to find the advanced features in the web GUI. We recommend using the GUI
"Maintenance" tab to Upload the configuration to a file, and then edit it there.
Hints on file upload/download:
From the File Type menu, choose Text Configuration.
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If you’re uploading to the TFTP root directory, leave Path blank.
At the top of the config file, you need:
vlan
vlan
vlan
vlan
vlan
vlan
vlan
exit
database
1,2,3,4,5
name 1 "Normal"
name 2 "Registration"
name 3 "Isolation"
name 4 "MAC Detection"
name 5 "Guest"
In the same section as "users passwd", you need to specify your PacketFence server’s management
address:
snmptrap useStrongerSecret ipaddr 192.168.1.5
In the same section as the "voip oui" lines, you need to allow your SNMP server:
snmp-server community
snmp-server community
snmp-server community
snmp-server community
snmp-server community
snmp-server community
no voip vlan
"public"
rw useStrongerSecret
ipaddr 192.168.1.5 public
ipmask 255.255.255.0 public
ipaddr 192.168.1.5 useStrongerSecret
ipmask 255.255.255.0 useStrongerSecret
You should use port 1 as the uplink. If you connect port 1 of a GS108Tv2 switch into a Power over Ethernet
switch, then the GS108Tv2 does not need AC power. If you bought GS110T(P) switches, presumably it’s
for the SFP uplink option. You’ll want to configure both port 1 and the SFP ports 9-10 as trunks:
interface 0/1
no snmp trap link-status
ip dhcp filtering trust
vlan pvid 1
vlan ingressfilter
vlan participation include 1,2,3,4,5
vlan tagging 2,3,4,5
no auto-voip
exit
Each user-facing, PacketFence-managed port should be configured like:
interface 0/2
vlan pvid 4
vlan ingressfilter
vlan participation include 4
no auto-voip
exit
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Nortel
PacketFence supports Nortel switches with VoIP using one trap type:
∏ Mac Security
Don’t forget to update the startup config!
Note
if you are using a 5500 series with a firmware version of 6 or above, you must
use a different module called Nortel::BayStack5500_6x in your /usr/local/pf/conf/
switches.conf. Indeed, Nortel introduced an incompatible change of behavior in this
firmware.
BayStack 470, ERS2500 Series, ERS4500 Series, 4550, 5500
Series and ES325
Global config settings
snmp-server authentication-trap disable
snmp-server host 192.168.1.5 "public"
snmp trap link-status port 1-24 disable
no mac-security mac-address-table
interface FastEthernet ALL
mac-security port ALL disable
mac-security port 1-24 enable
default mac-security auto-learning port ALL max-addrs
exit
mac-security enable
mac-security snmp-lock disable
mac-security intrusion-detect disable
mac-security filtering enable
mac-security snmp-trap enable
mac-security auto-learning aging-time 60
mac-security learning-ports NONE
mac-security learning disable
VoIP support
You need to ensure that all your ports are tagged with the voice VLAN. The switch should do the rest
for you.
vlan create 6 name "Telephone" type port learning ivl
vlan members 6 1-20,23-24
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BPS2000
You can only configure this switch through menus.
Enable MAC Address Security:
MAC Address Security: Enabled
MAC Address Security SNMP-Locked: Disabled
Partition Port on Intrusion Detected: Disabled
DA Filtering on Intrusion Detected: Enabled
Generate SNMP Trap on Intrusion: Enabled
Current Learning Mode: Disabled
Learn by Ports: NONE
Port
---1
...
24
Trunk
-----
Security
-------Enabled
Enabled
SMC
TigerStack 6128L2, 8824M and 8848M
PacketFence supports these switches without VoIP using two different trap types:
∏ linkUp/linkDown
∏ Port Security (with static MACs)
We recommend to enable Port Security only.
Global config settings
SNMP-server host 192.168.1.5 public version 2c udp-port 162
no snmp-server enable traps link-up-down
On each interface:
port security max-mac-count 1
port security
port security action trap
TigerStack 6224M
Supports linkUp/linkDown mode
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Global config settings
SNMP-server host 192.168.1.5 public version 1
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Chapter 5
Wireless Controllers and Access Point
Configuration
Assumptions
Throughout this configuration example we use the following assumptions for our network infrastructure:
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
∏
PacketFence is fully configured with FreeRADIUS running
PacketFence IP address: 192.168.1.5
Normal VLAN: 1
Registration VLAN: 2
Isolation VLAN: 3
MAC Detection VLAN: 4
Guest VLAN: 5
VoIP, Voice VLAN: 100
use SNMP v2c
SNMP community name: public
RADIUS Secret: useStrongerSecret 1
Open SSID: PacketFence-Public
WPA-Enterprise SSID: PacketFence-Secure
Unsupported Equipment
Wireless network access configuration is a lot more consistent between vendors. This is due to the fact
that the situation is a lot more standardized than the wired side: VLAN assignment is done centrally with
RADIUS and that the client protocol is consistent (MAC-Authentication or 802.1X).
This consistency has the benefit that a lot of the wireless network devices tend to work out-of-the-box
with PacketFence. The only missing piece being, in most cases, remote deauthentication of the client
which is used for VLAN assignment (deauth user so it’ll reconnect and get new VLAN).
So, even if your wireless equipment is not explicitly supported by PacketFence, it’s recommended that
you give it a try. The next section covers the objectives that you want to accomplish for trying out your
equipment even if we don’t have configuration for it.
Here are the high-level requirements for proper wireless integration with PacketFence
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∏ The appropriate VLANs must exist
∏ Allow controller to honor VLAN assignments from AAA (sometimes called AAA override)
∏ Put your open SSID (if any) in MAC-Authentication mode and authenticate against the FreeRADIUS
hosted on PacketFence
∏ Put your secure SSID (if any) in 802.1X mode and authenticate against FreeRADIUS hosted on
PacketFence.
∏ On registration / isolation VLANs the DHCP traffic must reach the PacketFence server
∏ On your production VLANs a copy of the DHCP traffic must reach PacketFence where a pfdhcplistener
listens (configurable in pf.conf under interfaces)
At this point, user registration with the captive-portal is possible and registered users should have access
to the appropriate VLANs. However, VLAN changes (like after a registration) won’t automatically happen,
you will need to disconnect / reconnect. An explanation is provided in introduction section above about
this behavior.
You can try modules similar to your equipment if any (read appropriate instructions) or you can try to
see if RFC3576 is supported. RFC3576 covers RADIUS Packet of Disconnect (PoD) also known as Disconnect
Messages (DM) or Change of Authorization (CoA). You can try the Aruba module if you want to verify if
RFC3576 is supported by your hardware.
If none of the above worked then you can fallback to inline enforcement or let us know what equipment
you are using on the packetfence-devel mailing list.
AeroHIVE
AeroHIVE products are a bit different compared to the other vendors. They support either a local
HiveManager (kind of wireless controller) or a cloud-based HVM. However, the configuration is the same
for the local and the cloud-based controller. Note that all the config are made on the HVM and then
pushed to the APs.
AAA Client Settings
In the HVM, go to Configuration � AAA Authentication � AAA Client Settings, and insert the proper
properties:
∏ Give a RADIUS Name
∏ Add a RADIUS server with Authentication as the server type and primary as the role
∏ Make sure Permit Dynamic Change of Authorization is ticked (RFC 3576)
Public SSID
Again in the HVM, go to Configuration � SSIDs, and create a new SSID with the following:
∏ Give a Profile Name and an SSID Name
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∏ Choose Open as the Access Security
∏ Select Enable Mac Authentication
∏ Select your RADIUS server from the RADIUS Server dropdown list
Secure SSID
In the HVM, go to Configuration � SSIDs, and create a new SSID with the following :
∏ Give a Profile Name and an SSID Name
∏ Choose WPA2 Enterprise as the Access Security
∏ Select WPA2-802.1X as the key management
∏ Select CCMP as the encryption method
∏ Select your RADIUS server from the RADIUS Server dropdown list
Roles (User Profiles)
Since PacketFence 3.3.0, we now support user profiles on the AeroHIVE hardware. To build a User Profile,
go to Configuration � User Profiles, and create what you need. When you define the switch definition in
PacketFence, the role will match the User Profile attribute number. Example
roles=CategoryStudent=1;CategoryStaff=2
And in the AeroHIVE configuration, you have :
StudentProfile attribute number 1
StaffProfile attribute number 2
Last step is to allow the User Profile to be returned for a particular SSID. Go to Configuration � SSIDs
� Your_SSID � User Profiles for Traffic Management, and select the User Profiles you will return for
the devices.
Note
The VLAN ID is NOT returned by PacketFence if a role is available for a given category.
The VLAN ID needs to be configured in the User Profile definition on the AeroHIVE side.
Caching and Roaming
AeroHIVE have a session replication feature to ease the EAP session roaming between two access points.
However, this may cause problems when you bounce the wireless card of a client, it will not do a new
RADIUS request. Two settings can be tweaked to reduce the caching impact, it is the roaming cache
update interval and roaming cache ageout. They are located in Configuration � SSIDs � [SSID Name] �
Optional Settings � Advanced. The other way to support Roaming is to enable snmp trap in the AeroHIVE
configuration to PacketFence server. PacketFence will recognise the ahConnectionChangeEvent and will
change the location of the node in his base.
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Avaya
Wireless Controller (WC)
To be contributed....
Aruba
All Aruba OS
In this section, we cover the basic configuration of the Aruba wireless controller for PacketFence via the
web GUI. It was done on an Aruba Controller 200 software version ArubaOS 5.0.3.3, tested on a Controller
600 with ArubaOS 6.0 but it should apply to all Aruba models.
Caution
If you are already using your Aruba controllers and don’t want to impact your users
you should create new AAA profiles and apply them to new SSIDs instead of modifying
the default ones.
Note
Starting with PacketFence 3.3, Aruba supports role-based access control. Read the
Administration Guide under "Role-based enforcement support" for more information
about how to configure it on the PacketFence side.
AAA Settings
In the Web interface, go to Configuration � Authentication � RADIUS Server and add a RADIUS server
named "packetfence" then edit it:
∏ Set Host to PacketFence’s IP (192.168.1.5)
∏ Set the Key to your RADIUS shared secret (useStrongerSecret)
∏ Click Apply
Under Configuration � Authentication � Server Group add a new Server Group named "packetfence"
then edit it to add your RADIUS Server "packetfence" to the group. Click Apply.
Under Configuration � Authentication � RFC3576 add a new server with PacketFence’s IP (192.168.1.5)
and your RADIUS shared secret (useStrongerSecret). Click Apply. Under Configuration � Authentication �
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L2 Authentication edit the MAC Authentication Profile called "default" then edit it to change the Delimiter
to dash. Click Apply.
Under Configuration � Authentication � L2 Authentication edit the 802.1X Authentication Profile called
"default" then edit it to uncheck the Opportunistic Key Caching under Advanced. Click Apply.
Under Configuration � Authentication � AAA Profiles click on the "default-mac-auth" profile then click
on MAC Authentication Server Group and choose the "packetfence" server group. Click Apply. Move to the
RFC3576 server sub item and choose PacketFence’s IP (192.168.1.5) click add then apply.
Under Configuration � Authentication � AAA Profiles click on the "default-dot1x" profile then click on
802.1X Authentication Server Group and choose the "packetfence" server group. Click Apply. Move to the
RFC3576 server sub item and choose PacketFence’s IP (192.168.1.5) click add then apply.
Public SSID
In the Web interface, go to Configuration � AP Configuration then edit the "default" AP Group. Go in
Wireless LAN � Virtual AP create a new profile with the following:
∏ AAA Profile: default-mac-auth
∏ SSID Profile: Select NEW then add an SSID (PacketFence-Public) and Network authentication set to None
Secure SSID
In the Web interface, go to Configuration � AP Configuration then edit the "default" AP Group. Go in
Wireless LAN � Virtual AP create a new profile with the following:
∏ AAA Profile: default-dot1x
∏ SSID Profile: Select NEW then add an SSID (PacketFence-Secure) and Network authentication set to WPA2
Roles
Since PacketFence 3.3.0, we now support roles for the Aruba hardware. To add roles, go in Configuration
� Access Control � User Roles � Add. You don’t need to force a VLAN usage in the Role since we send
also the VLAN ID along with the Aruba User Role in the RADIUS request. Refer to the Aruba User Guide
for more information about the Role creation.
WIPS
In order to use the WIPS feature in PacketFence, please follow those simple steps to send the traps to
PacketFence.
First, configure PacketFence to be a trap receiver. Under Configuration > SNMP > Trap Receivers, add an
entry for the PF management IP. By default, all traps will be enabled. If you want to disable some, you
will need to connect via CLI, and run the snmp-server trap disable <trapname> command.
Aruba Controller 200
In this section, we cover the basic configuration of the Aruba Controller 200 for PacketFence using the
command line interface. We suggest you to use the instructions above for the Web GUI instead.
VLAN definition
Here, we create our PacketFence VLANs, and our AccessPoint VLAN (VID 66). It is recommended to isolate
the management of the thin APs in a separate VLAN.
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vlan
vlan
vlan
vlan
vlan
2
3
5
10
66
AAA Authentication Server
aaa authentication-server radius "PacketFence"
host 192.168.1.5
key useStrongerSecret
aaa server-group "Radius-Group"
auth-server PacketFence
AAA Profiles
aaa profile "default-dot1x"
authentication-dot1x "default"
dot1x-default-role "authenticated"
dot1x-server-group "Radius-Group"
radius-accounting "Radius-Group"
aaa profile "PacketFence"
authentication-mac "pf_mac_auth"
mac-server-group "Radius-Group"
radius-accounting "Radius-Group"
WLAN SSIDs: profiles and virtual AP
wlan ssid-profile "PacketFence-Public"
essid "PacketFence-Public"
wlan ssid-profile "PacketFence-Secure"
essid "PacketFence-Secure"
opmode wpa2-aes
wlan virtual-ap "Inverse-Guest"
aaa-profile "PacketFence"
ssid-profile "PacketFence-Public"
wlan virtual-ap "Inverse-Secure"
aaa-profile "default-dot1x"
ssid-profile "PacketFence-Secure"
ap-group "Inverse"
virtual-ap "Inverse-Guest"
virtual-ap "Inverse-Secure"
ids-profile "ids-disabled"
All Aruba Instant OS
Add your packetfence instance to your configuration:
wlan auth-server packetfence
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ip 192.168.1.5
port 1812
acctport 1813
timeout 10
retry-count 5
key useStrongerSecret
nas-ip [Aruba Virtual Controller IP]
rfc3576
Add dynamic vlan rules and mac auth to your ssid profile:
wlan ssid-profile SSID
index 0
type employee
essid ESSID
wpa-passphrase WPA-Passphrase
opmode wpa2-psk-aes
max-authentication-failures 0
vlan 1
auth-server packetfence
set-vlan Tunnel-Private-Group-Id contains 1 1
set-vlan Tunnel-Private-Group-Id contains 4 4
rf-band all
captive-portal disable
mac-authentication
dtim-period 1
inactivity-timeout 1000
broadcast-filter none
radius-reauth-interval 5
dmo-channel-utilization-threshold 90
Belair Networks (now Ericsson)
BE20
The Belair Networks BE20s are fairly easy to configure.
Add VLANs
On the BE20 Web Interface, click on Eth-1-1. By default, there will be nothing in there. You need to first
create an untagged VLAN (VLAN 0). In order to do that, you need to set the PVID, Reverse PVID, and the
VLAN field to 0. Then click add.
Repeat that step for each of your VLANs by entering the proper VLAN ID in the VLAN field.
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Chapter 5
AAA Servers
Once you have the VLANs setup, you need to add PacketFence into the AAA Server list. Go to System �
Radius Servers. Click on Add server, and fill out the proper information.
∏ Ensure the Enabled checkbox is selected
∏ IP Address: Insert the IP Address of the PacketFence Management Interface
∏ Shared Secret: Insert the shared secret for RADIUS communication
When done, click on the Apply button.
Secure SSID
Since the BE20 doesn’t support Open SSID with Mac Authentication, we will only describe how to configure
a WPA2-Enterprise SSID. First, we will configure the 5GHz antenna.
Click on Wifi-1-1 � Access SSID Config. From the Configuration for SSID dropdown, select the 1 entry.
Modify the fields like the following:
∏ SSID: Put your SSID Name you would like
∏ Type: Broadcast
∏ Use Privacy Mode: WPA2(AES) with EAP/DOT1x
∏ RADIUS NAS Identifier: You can put a string to identify your AP
∏ Radius Accounting Enabled: Checkbox Selected
∏ Radius Station ID Delimiter: dash
∏ Radius StationId Append Ssid: Checkbox Selected
∏ RADIUS Server 1: Select the AAA Server you created earlier
When done click Apply. Repeat the same configuration for the 2.4GHz Antenna (Wifi-1-2).
That should conclude the configuration. You can now save the configs to the flash by hitting the Config
Save button on top of the Interface.
Brocade
RF Switches
See the Motorola RF Switches documentation.
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Cisco
Aironet 1121, 1130, 1242, 1250
Caution
With this equipment, the same VLAN cannot be shared between two SSIDs. Have this in
mind in your design. For example, you need two isolation VLAN if you want to isolate
hosts on the public and secure SSIDs.
MAC-Authentication + 802.1X configuration
Radio Interfaces:
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dot11
dot11
dot11
dot11
vlan-name
vlan-name
vlan-name
vlan-name
normal vlan 1
registration vlan 2
isolation vlan 3
guest vlan 5
interface Dot11Radio0
encryption vlan 1 mode ciphers aes-ccm
encryption vlan 2 mode ciphers aes-ccm
ssid PacketFence-Public
ssid PacketFence-Secure
interface Dot11Radio0.2
encapsulation dot1Q 2
no ip route-cache
bridge-group 253
bridge-group 253 subscriber-loop-control
bridge-group 253 block-unknown-source
no bridge-group 253 source-learning
no bridge-group 253 unicast-flooding
bridge-group 253 spanning-disabled
interface Dot11Radio0.3
encapsulation dot1Q 3
no ip route-cache
bridge-group 254
bridge-group 254 subscriber-loop-control
bridge-group 254 block-unknown-source
no bridge-group 254 source-learning
no bridge-group 254 unicast-flooding
bridge-group 254 spanning-disabled
interface Dot11Radio0.5
encapsulation dot1Q 5
no ip route-cache
bridge-group 255
bridge-group 255 subscriber-loop-control
bridge-group 255 block-unknown-source
no bridge-group 255 source-learning
no bridge-group 255 unicast-flooding
bridge-group 255 spanning-disabled
LAN interfaces:
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interface FastEthernet0.2
encapsulation dot1Q 2
no ip route-cache
bridge-group 253
no bridge-group 253 source-learning
bridge-group 253 spanning-disabled
interface FastEthernet0.3
encapsulation dot1Q 3
no ip route-cache
bridge-group 254
no bridge-group 254 source-learning
bridge-group 254 spanning-disabled
interface FastEthernet0.5
encapsulation dot1Q 5
no ip route-cache
bridge-group 255
no bridge-group 255 source-learning
bridge-group 255 spanning-disabled
Then create the two SSIDs:
dot11 ssid PacketFence-Secure
vlan 3 backup normal
authentication open eap eap_methods
authentication key-management wpa
dot11 ssid PacketFence-Public
vlan 2 backup guest
authentication open mac-address mac_methods
mbssid guest-mode
Configure the RADIUS server (we assume here that the FreeRADIUS server and the PacketFence server
are located on the same box):
radius-server host 192.168.0.10 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813 key
useStrongerSecret
aaa group server radius rad_eap
server 192.168.0.10 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813
aaa authentication login eap_methods group rad_eap
aaa group server radius rad_mac
server 192.168.0.10 auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813
aaa authentication login mac_methods group rad_mac
Aironet (WDS)
To be contributed...
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Wireless LAN Controller (WLC) or Wireless Services
Module (WiSM)
In this section, we cover the basic configuration of the WiSM for PacketFence using the web interface.
∏ First, globally define the FreeRADIUS server running on PacketFence (PacketFence’s IP) and make sure
Support for RFC 3576 is enabled (if not present it is enabled by default)
∏ Then we create two SSIDs:
∏ PacketFence-Public: non-secure with MAC authentication only
∏ PacketFence-Secure: secure with WPA2 Enterprise PEAP/MSCHAPv2
∏ In the secure SSID, make sure 802.1X is enabled and select the appropriate encryption for your needs
(recommended: WPA + WPA2)
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∏ No layer 3 security
∏ We set the IP of the FreeRADIUS server
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∏ VERY IMPORTANT: Allow AAA override (this allows VLAN assignment from RADIUS)
∏ Edit the non-secure SSID: Enable MAC authentication at level 2
∏ Nothing at level 3
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∏ We set the IP of the FreeRADIUS server
∏ VERY IMPORTANT: Allow AAA override (this allows VLAN assignment from RADIUS)
∏ Finally, in Controller > Interfaces tab, create an interface per VLAN that could assigned
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You are good to go!
D-Link
DWL Access-Points and DWS 3026
To be contributed...
Extricom
EXSW Wireless Switches (Controllers)
In order to have the Extricom controller working with PacketFence, you need to define two ESSID definition,
one for the "public" network, and one for the "secure" network. This can be done under a very short time
period since Extricom supports RADIUS assigned VLANs out of the box.
You first need to configure you RADIUS server. This is done under the: WLAN Settings � RADIUS tab. Enter
the PacketFence RADIUS server information. For the ESSID configuration. in the administration UI, go to
WLAN Settings � ESSID definitions. Create the profiles per the following:
Public SSID
∏ MAC Authentication must be ticked
∏ Encryption method needs to be set to None
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∏ Select PacketFence as the MAC Authentication RADIUS server (previously added)
Secure SSID
∏ Encryption method needs to be set to WPA Enterprise/WPA2 Enterprise
∏ AES only needs to be selected
∏ Select PacketFence as the RADIUS server (previously added)
The final step is to enable SNMP Agent and SNMP Traps on the controller. This is done under the following
tab in the administrative UI: Advanced � SNMP.
Hostapd
OpenWRT
In this section, we cover the basic configuration of the OpenWRT access point (Hostapd software).
Hostapd must have been compiled with dynamic vlan support and you need to create a file /etc/config/
hostapd.vlan that contain:
∏ wlan0.#
And you need to replace the /lib/wifi/hostapd.sh script file with the one included in /usr/local/pf/addons/
hostapd
Open SSID
Configure your SSID using uci command:
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0]=wifi-iface
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].device=radio0
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].mode=ap
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].ssid=OpenWrt-OPEN
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].network=lan
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].encryption=none
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].auth_server=192.168.1.5
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].auth_port=1812
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].auth_secret=useStrongerSecret
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].dynamic_vlan=2
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].vlan_file=/etc/config/hostapd.vlan
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].vlan_tagged_interface=eth0
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].radius_das_port=3799
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].radius_das_client='192.168.1.5
useStrongerSecret'
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].macfilter=2
Secure SSID
Configure your SSID using uci command:
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uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0]=wifi-iface
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].device=radio0
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].mode=ap
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].ssid=OpenWrt-SECURE
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].network=lan
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].auth_server=192.168.1.5
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].auth_port=1812
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].auth_secret=useStrongerSecret
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].dynamic_vlan=2
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].vlan_file=/etc/config/hostapd.vlan
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].vlan_tagged_interface=eth0
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].radius_das_port=3799
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].radius_das_client='192.168.1.5
useStrongerSecret'
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].encryption=wpa2
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].acct_server=192.168.1.5
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].acct_port=1813
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].acct_secret=s3cr3t
uci add_list wireless.@wifi-iface[0].nasid=ubiquiti
Then launch uci commit wireless and wifi command to enable your configuration
Hostapd (software)
To configure Hostapd software you can use the same configuration parameters above in the configuration
file.
HP
ProCurve Controller MSM710
To be contributed...
Meru
Meru Controllers (MC)
In this section, we cover the basic configuration of the Meru wireless controller for PacketFence via the
web GUI.
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Disable PMK Caching
If you are running a WPA2 SSID, you may need to disable PMK caching in order to avoid deauthentication
issues. This is true if you are running AP 300s using any 5.0 versions including 5.0-87, or any versions
below 4.0-160.
Here are the commands to run to disable the PMK caching at the AP level. First, login the AP, and run
this command to see which radios are broadcasting your SSID. vap display
Second, disable the PMK caching on those radios. radio pmkid radio00 disable
You can also add those commands to the AP bootscript. Contact your Meru support representative for
that part.
VLAN Definition
Here, we create our PacketFence VLANs for client use. Go to Configuration � Wired � VLAN, and select
Add.
∏ VLAN Name is the human readable name (ie. RegistrationVLAN)
∏ Tag is the VLAN ID
∏ Fast Ethernet Interface Index refers to the controller’s ethernet interface
∏ IP Address – An IP address for this controller on this VLAN
∏ Netmask – Network mask for this VLAN
∏ IP Address of the default gateway – Wired IP router for this VLAN
∏ Set the Override Default DHCP server flag to off
∏ Leave the DHCP server IP address and the DHCP relay Pass-Through to default
Click OK to add the VLAN.
AAA Authentication Server
Here, we create our PacketFence RADIUS server for use. Under Configuration � Security � Radius, select
Add.
∏ Give the RADIUS Profile a name
∏ Write a description of the profile
∏ Give the RADIUS IP, RADIUS Secret and the RADIUS authentication port
∏ Select Colon for the MAC address delimiter
∏ Select MAC Address as the password type
Click OK to add the RADIUS profile.
AAA Accounting Server
Here, we create our PacketFence RADIUS server for use. Under Configuration � Security � Radius, select
Add.
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∏ Give the RADIUS Profile a name
∏ Write a description of the profile
∏ Give the RADIUS IP, RADIUS Secret and the RADIUS accounting port
∏ Select Colon for the MAC address delimiter
∏ Select MAC Address as the password type
Click OK to add the RADIUS accounting profile.
AAA Profiles – Open SSID
Here, we create our wireless security profiles for use. Under Configuration � Security � Profile, select
Add.
∏ Give the security profile a name
∏ Select Clear as the L2 Modes Allowed
∏ Leave Data Encrypt empty
∏ Disable the Captive Portal
∏ Enable the Mac Filtering
Click OK to save the profile.
MAC Filtering
When using the OpenSSID, you need to activate the mac filtering. Under Configuration � Mac Filtering:
∏ Set ACL Environment State to Permit list enabled
∏ Select your RADIUS profile
AAA Profiles – Secure SSID
Here, we create our wireless security profiles for use. Under Configuration � Security � Profile, select
Add.
∏ Give the security profile a name
∏ Select WPA2 as the L2 Modes Allowed
∏ Select CCMP-AES for Data Encrypt
∏ Select your PacketFence RADIUS Authentication Profile
∏ Disable the Captive Portal
∏ Enable the 802.1X network initiation
∏ Leave the Mac Filtering to off
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Click OK to save the profile.
WLAN SSIDs
Here, we create our SSID and tie it to a security profile. Under Configuration � Wireless � ESS, select Add.
∏ Give the ESS profile a name, and enable it
∏ Write an SSID name
∏ Select your security profile name previously created
∏ Select your PacketFence RADIUS Accounting Profile (if you want to do accounting)
∏ Enable the SSID Broadcast
∏ Make the new AP to join the ESS
∏ Set the tunnel interface type to RADIUS and Configured VLAN
∏ Select the registration VLAN for the VLAN Name
Click OK to create the SSID. Repeat those steps for the open and secure SSID by choosing the right security
profile.
WLAN SSIDs – Adding to access point
Here, we tie our SSIDs to access points. Under Configuration � Wireless � ESS, select the SSID you want
to add to your aps. Then, select the ESS-AP Table, and click Add.
∏ Select the AP ID from the drop down list
∏ Click OK to associate the SSID with this AP
Roles (Per-User Firewall)
Since PacketFence 3.3.0, we now support roles (per-user firwall rules) for the Meru hardware. To add
firewall rules, go in Configuration � QoS System Settings � QoS and Firewall Rules. When you add a
rule, you have to pay attention to two things:
∏ The rule is applied to the controller physical interface right away, so make sure you are not too wide
on your ACL to lock you out!
∏ The rules are grouped using the Firewall Filter ID (We will use this ID for the roles)
So, since the matching is done using the Firewall Filter ID configuration field, your roles line in
switches.conf would look like :
roles=Guests=1;Staff=2
Note
You need to have the Per-User Firewall license in order to benefit this feature.
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Motorola
In order to have the Motorola RFS controller working with PacketFence, you need to define two Wireless
LANs definition, one for the "public" network, and one for the "secure" network.
WiNG (Firmware >= 5.0)
AAA Policy (RADIUS server)
First, we need to build the AAA Policy. Under Configuration � Wireless � AAA Policy, click on the Add
button at the bottom right. Configure the RADIUS profile like the following:
∏ Host: Choose IP Address in the drop down, and put the RADIUS server (PF) IP
∏ Insert a RADIUS secret passphrase
∏ Select "Through Wireless Controller" Request Mode
Caution
Since we are using RADIUS Dynamic Authorization, we need to enable the RADIUS
accounting. Under the RADIUS accounting tab, click the Add button at the bottom right,
and insert the proper values.
Open SSID
Under Configuration � Wireless � Wireless LANs, click on the Add button at the bottom right. Under
Basic Configuration:
∏ Profile Name : Give a convenient name
∏ SSID: This is the ESSID name
∏ Ensure that the WLAN Status is set to enable
∏ Select Single VLAN as VLAN assignment technique
∏ Ensure that "Allow RADIUS Override" is selected
Security configuration:
∏ Select MAC as authentication type
∏ Select your AAA Policy previously created
∏ Ensure that you selected Open as the Encryption
Accounting configuration:
∏ Make sure you select "Enable RADIUS Accounting"
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∏ Select the previously configured AAA Policy
Advanced configuration:
∏ Make sure you select RADIUS Dynamic Authorization
Secure SSID
Under Configuration � Wireless � Wireless LANs, click on the Add button at the bottom right. Under
Basic Configuration:
∏ Profile Name : Give a convenient name
∏ SSID: This is the ESSID name
∏ Ensure that the WLAN Status is set to enable
∏ Select Single VLAN as VLAN assignment technique
∏ Ensure that "Allow RADIUS Override" is selected
Security configuration:
∏ Select EAP as authentication type
∏ Select your AAA Policy previously created
∏ Ensure that you selected WPA/WPA2-TKIP as the Encryption
∏ Unselect everything under Fast Roaming (Disable caching)
Accounting configuration:
∏ Make sure you select "Enable RADIUS Accounting"
∏ Select the previously configured AAA Policy
Advanced configuration:
∏ Make sure you select RADIUS Dynamic Authorization
Profile (WLAN Mapping)
You have multiple options here. Either, you create a general AP profile, and you assign it to your Aps,
or you modify the AP device configuration to map the WLAN to the radio interfaces. For the purpose of
this document, we will modify the general profile. Under Profiles � default-apXXX (where XXX is your
AP model), in Interface � Radios, edit the existing radios settings. Go to the WLAN Mapping tab, select
the two SSIDs and click on the << button.
Profile (Management)
Here, we can configure our SNMP community strings. Located in Configuration � Management �
Management Policy. Again, you can modify the default one, or you can create a brand new Policy.
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VLANs
You need to ensure that the uplink interface of the controller is configured as a trunk, and that all the
necessary VLANs are created on the device. This is configured under Device � rfsXXXX-MAC (where XXXX
is your controller series, and MAC is the latest 3 octets of its mac address). Edit the device configuration,
and go to Interface � Ethernet Ports. Ensure that the up1 interface is set as trunk, with all the allowed
VLANs. Next, create the VLAN under Interface � Virtual Interfaces.
Roles (Per-User Firewall)
Since PacketFence 3.3.0, we now support roles for the Motorola hardware using WiNGS 5.x. To add roles,
go in Configuration � Security � Wireless Client Roles. First create a global policy that will contain
your roles. Next, create your Roles by clicking on the Add button on the bottom right. It is important
to configure the Group Configuration line properly by setting the string name that we will use in the
RADIUS packet. For exemple, for a Guests Role, you can put Group Configuration Exact Guests, and for
a Staff Roles, you can put Group Configuration Exact Staff. In the roles configuration in switches.conf,
you would have something like :
roles=CategoryGuests=Guests;CategoryStaff=Staff
Finally, don’t forget to configure the appropriate firewall rules for your Roles! Make sure also to commit
the configuration upon your changes.
Note
You need to have an Advanced Security license to enable the Per-User Firewall feature.
WIPS
In order to enable the WIPS functionality on the Motorola, you need to follow this procedure. The steps
have been done using the CLI.
First, Create a wips-policy:
wips-policy Rogue-AP
history-throttle-duration 86400
event ap-anomaly airjack
event ap-anomaly null-probe-response
event ap-anomaly asleap
event ap-anomaly ad-hoc-violation
event ap-anomaly ap-ssid-broadcast-in-beacon
event ap-anomaly impersonation-attack
ap-detection
Next, create an event policy:
event-system-policy PF-WIDS
event wips wips-event syslog off snmp on forward-to-switch off email off
Next, create or adjust your management policy to configure the SNMP traps. Here is an example policy,
please note the two last lines:
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management-policy default
no http server
https server
ssh
user admin password 1
e4c93663e3356787d451312eeb8d4704ef09f2331a20133764c3dc3121f13a5b role superuser
access all
user operator password 1
7c9b1fbb2ed7d5bb50dba0b563eac722b0676b45fed726d3e4e563b0c87d236d role monitor
access all
no snmp-server manager v3
snmp-server community public ro
snmp-server community private rw
snmp-server user snmpoperator v3 encrypted des auth md5 0 operator
snmp-server user snmptrap v3 encrypted des auth md5 0 motorola
snmp-server user snmpmanager v3 encrypted des auth md5 0 motorola
snmp-server enable traps
snmp-server host 10.0.0.100 v2c 162
You then need to tell your controller to use the event policy:
rfs6000 5C-0E-8B-17-F2-E3
...
use event-system-policy PF-WIDS
Finally, you need to configure a radio interface on your AP to act as a sensor. Here is an example
configuration for a dual-radio AP650:
ap650 00-23-68-86-EB-BC
use profile default-ap650
use rf-domain default
hostname ap650-86EBBC
country-code ca
use wips-policy Rogue-AP
interface radio1
rf-mode sensor
channel smart
power smart
data-rates default
no preamble-short
radio-share-mode off
interface radio2
...
Older Firmwares (< 5.0)
Option for Public Wireless LAN
∏ Check the Dynamic Assignment check-box
∏ Select "MAC Authentication" under Authentication
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∏ Click "Config…" choose the Colon delimiter format
∏ Un-check all encryption options
∏ Under RADIUS put in PacketFence’s RADIUS Server information
Option for Secure Wireless LAN
∏ Check the Dynamic Assignment check-box
∏ Select "802.1X EAP" under Authentication
∏ Check WPA/WPA2-TKIP encryption option
∏ Under RADIUS put in PacketFence’s RADIUS Server information
SNMP Global configuration
Add the two Read-Only and Read-Write users under Management Access � SNMP Access.
Ruckus
AAA Servers
We need to define the RADIUS and RADIUS accounting (mandatory):
Under Configuration � AAA Servers, click on the Create New button. Enter the proper configuration:
∏ Enter a server name
∏ Select either RADIUS or RADIUS accounting as the type
∏ Use PAP as the Auth Method
∏ Enter the IP addres, and shared secret.
∏ Hit OK
Repeat the steps for the RADIUS and RADIUS accounting types. We need 1 definition for each otherwise
RADIUS dynamic authorization won’t work.
WLAN Definitions
Under Configuration � WLAN, click on the Create New button. Enter the proper configuration:
Open SSID
∏ Enter a Name/SSID
∏ Select Standard Usage as the Type
∏ Select MAC Address as the authentication type
∏ Select Open as the encryption method
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∏ Select the proper RADIUS server as the authentication server
∏ Select the proper RADIUS server as the accounting server
Note
The Open SSID does NOT support dynamic VLAN assignments (Firmware 9.3.0.0.83)
Secure SSID
∏ Enter a Name/SSID
∏ Select Standard Usage as the Type
∏ Select WPA2 as the authentication type
∏ Select AES as the encryption method
∏ Select the proper RADIUS server as the authentication server
∏ Select the proper RADIUS server as the accounting server
∏ Check the Enable Dynamic VLAN checkbox
WIPS
To enable the WIPS feature of the Ruckus in order to send SNMP traps to PacketFence, the setup is fairly
simple.
First, configure the controller to send the traps to PacketFence. Under Configure > System > Network
Management > SNMP Trap:
*Select "Enable SNMP Trap" *Put the PacketFence Management IP in the Trap Server IP field
Note
The traps will arrive with the "public" community string
Next, you need to configure the Alarm Settings. Under Configure > Alarm Settings, make sure the following
are selected:
*Rogue AP Detected *SSID-Spoofing AP Detected *MAC-Spoofing AP Detected *LAN Rogue AP Detected
Finally, enable the WIPS feature on the controller. Under Configure > WIPS > Intrusion Detection and
Prevention, make sure both box are selected, click Apply.
Trapeze
In order to have the Trapeze controller working with PacketFence, you need to define the RADIUS
configuration and the proper service profiles.
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RADIUS configuration
set radius server PF address 192.168.1.5 timeout 5 retransmit 3 deadtime 0 key
secret
set server group PF-RADIUS members PF
Service Profiles
Here we define two service profiles, one for the open SSID (PacketFence-Public) and one for the WPA2Enterprise SSID (PacketFence-Secure):
set
set
set
set
set
set
set
service-profile
service-profile
service-profile
service-profile
service-profile
service-profile
service-profile
PF-Open
PF-Open
PF-Open
PF-Open
PF-Open
PF-Open
PF-Open
ssid-name PacketFence-Public
ssid-type clear
auth-fallthru last-resort
cipher-tkip enable
auth-dot1x disable
11n mode-na required
attr vlan-name WLAN_REG
set
set
set
set
set
set
set
service-profile
service-profile
service-profile
service-profile
service-profile
service-profile
service-profile
PF-Secure
PF-Secure
PF-Secure
PF-Secure
PF-Secure
PF-Secure
PF-Secure
ssid-name PacketFence-Secure
cipher-tkip enable
cipher-ccmp enable
wpa-ie enable
rsn-ie enable
11n mode-na required
attr vlan-name Wlan
set radio-profile default service-profile PacketFence-Public
set radio-profile default service-profile PacketFence-Secure
AAA configuration
Finally, we need to tie the service profiles with the proper AAA configuration.
set
set
set
set
accounting dot1x ssid PacketFence-Secure ** start-stop PF-RADIUS
accounting mac ssid PacketFence-Public * start-stop PF-RADIUS
authentication mac ssid PacketFence-Public * PF-RADIUS
authentication dot1x ssid PacketFence-Secure ** pass-through PF-RADIUS
Xirrus
Xirrus WiFi Arrays
Xirrus Access Points can be configured to work with PacketFence quickly since Xirrus supports RADIUS
assigned VLANs out of the box.
First, RADIUS server configuration. Set the RADIUS server to be PacketFence’s IP:
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radius-server ! (global settings)
!
external
primary
server 192.168.1.5
primary
secret useStrongerSecret
!
accounting
primary
server 192.168.1.5
primary
secret useStrongerSecret
exit
exit
exit
Enable SNMP Agent on the access point:
snmp
!
v2
community read-write public
community read-only public
exit
!
exit
Finally, don’t forget to create the SSID you want and the proper bindings with the LAN. Open SSID should
be configured to perform MAC Authentication and Secure SSID should be configured to perform 802.1X
(WPA-Enterprise or WPA2-Enterprise).
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Additional Information
For more information, please consult the mailing archives or post your questions to it. For details, see:
∏ packetfence-announce@lists.sourceforge.net: Public announcements (new releases, security warnings
etc.) regarding PacketFence
∏ packetfence-devel@lists.sourceforge.net: Discussion of PacketFence development
∏ packetfence-users@lists.sourceforge.net: User and usage discussions
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Additional Information
78
Chapter 7
Commercial Support and Contact
Information
For any questions or comments, do not hesitate to contact us by writing an email to: support@inverse.ca.
Inverse (http://inverse.ca) offers professional services around PacketFence to help organizations deploy
the solution, customize, migrate versions or from another system, performance tuning or aligning with
best practices.
Hourly rates or support packages are offered to best suit your needs.
Please visit http://inverse.ca/support.html for details.
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Commercial Support
and Contact Information
79
Chapter 8
GNU Free Documentation License
Please refer to http://www.gnu.org/licenses/fdl-1.2.txt for the full license.
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