Vig451J
Motherboard
Manual
C O M P U T E R S
.
N E T W O R K S
.
S O L U T I O N S
Vig451J Motherboard Manual
Viglen EMC and the ‘CE’ mark
CE Marking
As we begin the 21st century, European standards are being harmonised across borders. If products comply
with the same standards in all European countries, product exporting and importing is made simple - paving our
way to a common market. If you buy a product with a 'CE' mark on it (shown below), on the box, in the manual,
or on the guarantee - it complies with the currently enforced directive(s).
Introduction to EMC
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility) is the term used to describe certain issues with RF (Radio Frequency)
energy. Electrical items should be designed so they do not interfere with each other through RF emissions. E.g.
If you turn on your microwave, your television shouldn't display interference if both items are CE marked to the
EMC directive.
If emitted RF energy is not kept low, it can interfere with other electrical circuitry - E.g. Cars Automatic Braking
Systems have been known to activate by themselves while in a strong RF field. As this has obvious
repercussions ALL electrical products likely to cause RF related problems have to be 'CE' marked from 1st
January 1996 onwards.
If a product conforms to the EMC directive, not only should its RF emissions be very low, but its immunity to RF
energy (and other types) should be high. The apparatus has to resist many 'real world' phenomena such as
static shocks and mains voltage transients.
Viglen’s Environment laboratory
To gain a 'CE' mark, the Viglen computer range has had to undergo many difficult tests to ensure it is
Electromagnetically Compatible. These are carried out in the in-house 'Environment lab' at Viglen Headquarters.
We have made every effort to guarantee that each computer leaving our factory complies fully with the correct
standards. To ensure the computer system maintains compliance throughout its functional life, it is essential you
follow these guidelines.
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Install the system according to Viglen’s instructions
If you open up your Viglen:

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Keep internal cabling in place as supplied.
Ensure the lid is tightly secured afterwards
Do not remove drive bay shields unless installing a 'CE' marked peripheral in its place
The clips or ‘bumps' around the lips of the case increase conductivity - do not remove or damage.
Do not remove the ferrite ring from the L.E.D cables.
Only use your Viglen computer with 'CE' marked peripherals
This system has been tested in accordance with European standards for use in residential and light industrial
areas-this specifies a 10 meter testing radius for emissions and immunity. If you do experience any adverse
effects that you think might be related to your computer, try moving it at least 10 meters away from the affected
item. If you still experience problems, contact Viglen’s Technical Support department who will put you straight
through to an EMC engineer - s/he will do everything possible to help. If modifications are made to your Viglen
computer system, it might breach EMC regulations. Viglen take no responsibility (with regards to EMC
characteristics) of equipment that has been tampered with or modified.
This symbol on the product or on its packaging indicates that the product shall not be treated as
household waste. Instead it shall be handed over to the applicable collection point for recycling of
electrical and electronic equipment. By ensuring this product is disposed of correctly, you will help
prevent potential negative consequences for the environment and human health, which could
otherwise be caused by inappropriate waste handling of this product. The recycling of materials will
help to conserve natural resources. For more detailed information about recycling of this product,
please contact your local city office, your household waste disposal service or Viglen Ltd.
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Copyrights and Trademarks
Please note
The material in this manual is subject to change without notice.
Trademarks
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, Windows 95,Windows 98, Windows ME,
Windows 2000 Pro, Windows XP Pro and MS-DOS are registered trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation. IBM PC, XT, AT and PS/2 are trademarks of International
Business Machines Corporation. Pentium and Pentium Pro are registered
trademarks of Intel Corporation. AMI BIOS is a registered trademark of American
Megatrends. All other trademarks are acknowledged. JAC-UP, Genie, Contender,
Dossier, Vig, Viglen, and Envy are trademarks of Viglen Limited.
Copyright and Patents
This manual and all accompanying software and documentation are copyrighted and
all rights reserved. This product, including software and documentation, may not, in
whole or in part, be copied, photocopied, translated or reduced to any electronic or
machine-readable form, without prior written consent except for copies retained by
the purchaser for backup.
© Copyright 2016 Viglen Limited
All Rights Reserved
Vig451J Manual Version 1.0
Printed in the United Kingdom
Liability
No warranty or representation, either expressed or implied, is made with respect to
this documentation, its quality, performance, merchantability or fitness for a particular
purpose. As a result, the documentation is licensed as is, and you, the licensee, are
assuming the entire risk as to its quality and performance. The vendor reserves the
right to revise this operation manual and all accompanying software and
documentation and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any
person or organisation of the revision or change.
In no event will the vendor be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental or
consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use this product or
documentation, even if advised of the possibility of such damages. In particular, the
vendor shall not have liability for any hardware, software or data stored or used with
the product, including the costs of repairing, replacing or recovering such hardware,
software or data.
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Contents
Chapter 1: Motherboard Overview
Motherboard Features
Special Features
Chipset Overview
System Board Components
Back Panel Connectors
System Memory
Chapter 2: System Board Options
Overview of Jumper Settings
Motherboard Jumper Settings
Motherboard Connectors
Upgrading the Central Processing Unit (CPU)
Upgrading System Memory
Installing an Expansion Card
Replacing the Clock/CMOS RAM Battery
Chapter 3: Solving Problems
Resetting the System
Troubleshooting Procedures
Problems Operating Add-in Boards
Problems & Suggestions
Error and Information Messages
BIOS Post Codes
Chapter 4: System BIOS
Introduction
Updating the BIOS
Main BIOS Setup
Advanced System Configuration
Erase Disk
PCI Subsystem Settings
Trusted Computing
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CPU Configuration
Runtime Error Logging
Memory Configuration
SATA configuration
Acoustic Management Configuration
Intel TXT Configuration
USB Configuration
System Monitoring
Onboard Device Configuration
Memory Status
Super IO Configuration
AMT Configuration
Serial Port Console Redirection
Option ROM Configuration
Security Settings
Power Settings
Event Logs
Boot Configuration
Save & Exit
Chapter 5: BIOS Recovery
How to Recover the AMIBIOS Image
Flash Memory Recovery Update
Recovery Update Procedure
Chapter 6: Glossary
Notes
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Chapter 7: Suggestions
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Chapter 1: Motherboard Overview
Introduction
This manual describes the Viglen Vig451J Motherboard inside your computer. The
Motherboard is the most important part of your computer. It contains all of the CPU,
memory and graphics circuitry that make the computer work.
The Vig450J is built upon the functionality and the capability of the Intel C612 chipset
platform. The Vig450J Motherboard provides the performance required for dual
processor-based CAD workstations or graphic-intensive systems. The C612 chipset
consists of the C612 (LGA 2011) processor, with the Intel Quick Path interconnect
(QPI) controller built in.
This manual contains technical information about the Viglen Vig450J Motherboard
and other hardware components inside your computer. If you are new to computers,
we recommend that you read the user guide first. If you are an experienced
computer user, this manual should provide all the information you will need to
perform simple upgrades and maintenance.
We hope that this manual is both readable and informative. If you have any
comments for suggestions about how we could improve the format, then please fill
out the form at the back of the manual and send it to us.
Above all we hope that you enjoy using your Viglen computer.
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Motherboard Features
Form factor, slots, compatibility list:
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Form factor: ATX 12” x 9.6” (305 x 244 mm)
Slots: 7 slots (details see block diagram)
Compatible to ACPI, BBS DMI, IAPC, PCI 2.3, WfM, ASF2.0 DASH1.1
CPU Support:
 Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-26xx [V3] series
 Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-16xx [V3] series
 Intel® CoreTM i7 Processor 59xx series
 Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-26xx [V4] series
 Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-16xx [V4] series
 Intel® CoreTM i7 Processor 69xx series
 Intel® CoreTM i7 Processor 6850K
 Compatible with Intel® processors LGA2011-R3
 (up to 160W TDP)
Chipset Support:
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Intel® C612 chipset
Intel 1217LM Clarkville LAN
Intel 1210 Springville LAN (only D3348-B)
Infineon
Memory Support:
 DDR4 2133 SDRAM (quad channel)
 DDR4 2400 SDRAM (quad channel)
 RDIMM / LRDIMM / RDIMM 3DS with ECC Support (XEON only)
 UDIMM (CoreTM i7 only)
 (memory type/speed and ECC depends on processor)
 Up to 512GB (XEON) / 128GB (CoreTM i7) memory
LAN – 10/100/1000 Ethernet Controller:
 Wake On LAN by Magic-Packet™
 PXE support
 Support for Jumbo-Frames
Storage Devices:
 10 serial ATA ports
Communication:
 Internal connector: x2 USB 3.0, x4 USB 2.0, x1 USB 2.0 standard connector
(for memory stick)
 External port (I/O Shield) x4 USB 2.0 / x2 USB 3.0, rear
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BIOS Features:
 System and BIOS Password
 Hard disk password
 Recovery BIOS support
 Boot sequential control for each floppy and HDD Drive
 Serial access protection
 Boot sector virus warning
 Flash write protection against virus
 SPD EEPROM write protection against virus
Advanced security Features:
 Trusted Platform Module 1.2
Basic system monitoring and management:
 Wake on LAN
 USB voltage short detection
 Advanced Fan Control
Advanced system monitoring and management:
 Fujitsu Technology Solutions System Management
 Fujitsu Technology Solution Thermal Management
 Automatic system reset(ASR)
 Inventory identification
Internal Connectors:
 8 x DIM sockets (DDR4 2133)
 6 x SATA (300) and 4 x SATA (sSATA 300)
 1 x COM1
 1 x Intrusion Connector
 1 x SCSI LED Connector
 1 x Front Panel (Power/Reset/LEDs)
 1 x 24-Pin ATX PSU
 1x PSU Fan, PWM
 4 x Fan connector (PWM)
 1 x USB 3.0 Front Panel
 1 x USB 2.0 Internal
 1 x USB 2.0 Front Panel
 1 x Socket for USB stick
 1 x Front Panel Audio
 1 x TPM Jumper
 1 x 12V Supply (CPU/Slots)
Power Management:
 ACPI (Save to RAM / Disk) support
Environmental Protection:
 Socketed battery (recyclable)
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Special Features:

Recovery from AC Power Loss
BIOS provides a setting for you to determine how the system will respond when AC
power is lost and then restored to the system. You can choose for the system to
remain powered off (in which case you must hit the power switch to turn it back on)
or for it to automatically return to a power- on state. See the Power Failure Recovery
setting in the Power Settings section to change this setting. The default setting is
Previous State.
PC Health Monitoring:
This section describes the PC health monitoring features of the Vig450J. All have an
onboard System Hardware Monitor chip that supports PC health monitoring via
Super Doctor II or III. An onboard voltage monitor will scan these onboard voltages
continuously: Vcore1, Vcore2, 1.5V, 5VDD, 5VSB, 12V, -12V, 3.3Vcc, 3.3VSB,
VBAT and Vtt. Once a voltage becomes unstable, a warning is given or an error
message is sent to the screen. Users can adjust the voltage thresholds to define the
sensitivity of the voltage monitor.

Fan Status Monitor with Firmware Control
The PC health monitor can check the RPM status of the cooling fans. The onboard
CPU and chassis fans are controlled by Thermal Management via BIOS (under
Hardware Monitoring in the Advanced Setting).

Environment Temperature Control
The thermal control sensor monitors the CPU temperature in real time and will turn
on the thermal control fan whenever the CPU temperature exceeds a user-defined
threshold. The overheat circuitry runs independently from the CPU. Once it detects
that the CPU temperature is too high, it will automatically turn on the thermal fan
control to prevent any overheat damage to the CPU. The onboard chassis thermal
circuitry can monitor the overall system temperature and alert users when the
chassis temperature is too high.

System Resource Alert
This feature is available when used with Super Doctor III in the Windows OS
environment or used with Super Doctor II in Linux. Super Doctor is used to notify the
user of certain system events. For example, you can also configure Super Doctor to
provide you with warnings when the system temperature, CPU temperatures,
voltages and fan speeds go beyond a pre-defined range.
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ACPI Features:
ACPI stands for Advanced Configuration and Power Interface. The ACPI
specification defines a flexible and abstract hardware interface that provides a
standard way to integrate power management features throughout a PC system,
including its hardware, operating system and application software. This enables the
system to automatically turn on and off peripherals such as CD-ROMs, network
cards, hard disk drives and printers.
In addition to enabling operating system-directed power management, ACPI
provides a generic system event mechanism for Plug and Play and an operating
system-independent interface for configuration control. ACPI leverages the Plug and
Play BIOS data structures while providing a processor architecture-independent
implementation that is compatible with both Windows 2000 and Windows 2003
Operating Systems.

Slow Blinking LED for Suspend-State Indicator
When the CPU goes into a suspend state, the chassis power LED and LE1 will start
blinking to indicate that the CPU is in suspend mode. When the user presses any
key, the CPU will wake-up and the LED will automatically stop blinking and remain
on.

Main Switch Override Mechanism
When an ATX power supply is used, the power button may function as a system
suspend button, allowing the system to enter a Soft Off state. The monitor will be
suspended and the hard drive will spin down. Pressing the power button again to
"wake-up" the whole system. During the Soft Off state, the ATX power supply
provides power to keep the required circuitry in the system "alive." In case the
system malfunctions and you want to turn off the power, just press and hold the
power button for 4 seconds. This option can be set in the BIOS Setup utility.
Power Supply:
Wake-up events can be triggered by a device such as the external modem ringing
when the system is in the Standby or Off state. Note that external modem ring-on
can only be used with an ATX 2.01 (or above) compliant power supply.
The Vig450J can accommodate 24-pin ATX power supplies. Although most power
supplies generally meet the specifications required by the CPU, some are
inadequate. In addition, the 12V 8-pin power connection is also required to ensure
adequate power supply to the system. Also your power supply must supply 1.5A for
the Ethernet ports.
It is strongly recommended that you use a high quality power supply that meets ATX
power supply Specification 2.02 or above. It must also be SSI compliant. (For more
information, please refer to the web site at http://www.ssiforum.org/). Additionally, in
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areas where noisy power transmission is present, you may choose to install a line
filter to shield the computer from noise. It is recommended that you also install a
power surge protector to help avoid problems caused by power surges.
WARNING!
To prevent damage to the power supply or Motherboard, please use a power supply
that contains a 24-pin and 8-pin power connector. Be sure to connect these
connectors to the 24-pin and the 8-pin power connector sockets on the Motherboard
for adequate power supply to your system. Failure in doing so will void the
manufacturer warranty on your power supply and Motherboard.
Super I/O:
The wide range of functions integrated onto the Super I/O greatly reduces the
number of components required for interfacing with floppy disk drives. It also
provides two high-speed, 16550 compatible serial communication ports (UARTs).
Each UART includes a 16-byte send/receive FIFO, a programmable baud rate
generator, complete modem control capability and a processor interrupt system.
Both UARTs provide legacy speed with baud rate of up to 115.2 Kbps as well as an
advanced speed with baud rates of 250 K, 500 K, or 1 Mb/s, which support higher
speed modems.
The Super I/O provides functions that comply with ACPI (Advanced Configuration
and Power Interface), which includes support of legacy and ACPI power
management through an SMI or SCI function pin. It also features auto power
management to reduce power consumption.
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Block Diagram of the Intel C612 Chipset Platform
Figure 1: Motherboard Diagram
Note: The above picture is purely representative. Due to engineering updates and new board revisions,
certain components may change and or be repositioned. The picture above may or may not look exactly
is like the board you received. The following page includes details on the vital components of this
motherboard.
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Chipset Overview
Built upon the functionality and the capability of the Intel C612 chipset platform, the
Vig450J Motherboard provides the performance required for high performance CAD
workstations or graphic-intensive systems. The C612 chipset consists of the E516xx/E5-26xx, i7-59xx (LGA 2011) processor. With the Intel QuickPath interconnect
(QPI) controller built in, the E5-26xx Series Processor platform offers the next
generation of point-to-point system interconnect interface, outperforming the previous
generation of QPI and offering enhanced system performance with increased
bandwidth and scalability.
The C612 Chipset supports up to 48 PCI Express lanes, peer-to-peer read and writes
transactions. It provides up to six PCI-Express ports, ten SATA ports and fourteen USB
connections.
In addition, the C612 platform also supports a wide range of RAS (Reliability,
Availability and Serviceability) features. These features include memory interface ECC,
x4/x8 Single Device Data Correction (SDDC), Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC), parity
protection, out-of-band register access via SMBus, memory mirroring, memory sparing,
and Hot-plug support on the PCI-Express Interface.
Main Features of the E5-16xx/E5-26xx V3 and i7-59xx Series
Processors and C612 Chipset
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Up to eight processor cores in each processor with 20MB shared cache among
cores
Two full-width Intel QuickPath interconnect links, up to 8GT/s of data transfer rate in
each direction
Virtualization Technology, Integrated Management Engine supported
Point-to-point cache coherent interconnect, Fast/narrow unidirectional links, and
Concurrent bi-directional traffic
Error detection via CRC and Error correction via Link level retry
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System Board Components
Figure 2: Motherboard
Layout & Components
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Back Panel Connectors
The Motherboard external IO connectors are attached to a metallic I/O shield. This
shield serves several purposes:
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

It protects the sensitive Motherboard from any external EMC interference
It stops the computer from interfering with other electrical devices.
It allows the Motherboard to be easily upgraded in the future without having to
change the chassis. Simply change the I/O shield to match the Motherboard.
The I/O shield provides external access to PS/2 keyboard and mouse connectors as
well as six USB ports, two LAN Ports and the audio connectors.
Figure 3: I/O Shield
Note: Power to the computer should be turned off before a keyboard or mouse is connected or
disconnected.
Figure 4: Back Panel Connections
Table 1: Back Panel Connectors
Item
Description
Item
Description
A
PS/2* Mouse Port (Green)
F
Line In
B
PS/2 Keyboard Port (Purple)
G
Audio Out
C
Back Panel USB 2.0 Port 0/1 & 3/4
H
Mic In
D
Back Panel USB 3.0 Port 5/6
E
Gigabit LAN RJ45 1
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Note: The back panel audio out connectors are designed to power headphones or amplified speakers
only. Poor audio quality occurs if passive (non-amplified) speakers are connected to these outputs.
This Motherboard features a 5.1 Channel High Definition Audio (HDA) codec that
provides 10 DAC channels. The HD Audio connections simultaneously supports
multiple- streaming 5.1 sound playback with 2 channels of independent stereo output
through the front panel stereo out for front L&R, rear L&R, center and subwoofer
speakers. Use the Advanced software included in the CD-ROM with your Motherboard
to enable this function.
System Memory
Main Memory
The Motherboard has eight DDR4 Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMM) sockets.
Support for up to a maximum memory size of 256GB. The BIOS automatically detects
memory type, size, and speed.
The Motherboard supports the following memory features:

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The following memory modules are supported: 4GB, 8GB and 16GB ECC
memory modules.
256GB maximum total system memory total amount of addressable memory.
Minimum total system memory: 4GB
Non JEDEC standard DIMMs are not supported
Table 2: DIMM Population Configurations
Configuration for Quad, Tri, Dual and Single Channel Configurations (1 DIMM Per Channel)
Quad Channel
Tri Channel
Dual Channel
Single Channel
Channel A Module 1
Channel A Module 1
Channel A Module 1
Channel A Module1
Channel B Module 1
Channel B Module 1
Channel B Module 1
Channel C Module 1
Channel C Module 1
Channel D Module 1
Configuration for Quad, Tri and Dual Channel Configurations (2 DIMM Per Channel)
Channel A Module 1
Channel A Module 1
Channel A Module 1
Channel B Module 1
Channel B Module 1
Channel B Module 1
Channel C Module 1
Channel C Module 1
Channel A Module 2
Channel D Module 1
Channel A Module 2
Channel B Module 2
Channel A Module 2
Channel B Module 2
Channel B Module 2
Channel C Module 2
Channel C Module 2
Channel D Module 2
To reach maximum performance, plugging the module in the following sequence:
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Figure 5: CPU and DIMM Diagram
Notes:
When two memory modules with a different number of ranks are populated in one
memory channel, then the module with the higher number of ranks must be populated
in the memory slot further away from the CPU.
If the system is upgraded and an additional memory module is added to a channel with
an existing module, it might be necessary to swap modules so that the nodule with the
higher number of ranks is populated on the outside (further away from the CPU) of that
memory channel.
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Chapter 2: System Board Options
WARNING!
Unplug the system before carrying out the procedures described in this
chapter. Failure to disconnect power before you open the system can result in
personal injury or equipment damage. Hazardous voltage, current, and energy
levels are present in this product. Power switch terminals can have hazardous
Voltages present even when the power switch is off.
The procedures assume familiarity with the general terminology associated with
personal computers and with the safety practices and regulatory compliance
required for using and modifying electronic equipment.
Do not operate the system with the cover removed. Always replace the cover
before turning on the system.
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this computer may not correspond with the
coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug precede as follows:
The wire which is coloured green-and-yellow must be connected to the terminal in the plug
which is marked by the letter E or by the safety Earth symbol
or coloured green or greenand-yellow.
The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the
letter N or coloured black.
The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the
letter L or coloured red.
CAUTION!
The Viglen Vig450J Motherboard
and associated components are
sensitive electronic devices. A small
static shock from your body can
cause expensive damage to your
equipment.
Make sure you are earthed and free of static charge before you open the computer
case. If you are unsure about upgrading your computer, return it to Viglen so a qualified
engineer can perform the upgrade.
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STEPS TO TAKE TO PREVENT STATIC DISCHARGE:
1. The best way to prevent static discharge is to buy an anti-static strap from your local
electrical shop. While you are wearing the strap and it is earthed, static charge will
be harmlessly bled to ground.
2. Do not remove the component from its anti-static protective packaging until you are
about to install it.
3. Hold boards by the edges – try not to touch components / interface strips etc.
Note: We recommend that you return your computer to the service department for upgrading. Any work
carried out is fully guaranteed. Upgrades should only be carried out by persons who are familiar with
handling IC’s, as incorrect installation will invalidate the guarantee.
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Overview of Jumper Settings
The Vig450J Motherboard contains the latest technology to offer an almost jumper less
configuration. All Xeon CPU’s are automatically detected and the Speed is
automatically set from the information provided by the CPU.
CAUTION!!
1. Never remove jumpers using large pliers as this can damage the pins. The
best way to remove a jumper is to use a small pair of tweezers or fine needlenosed pliers.
2. Do not move the jumper with the power on. Always turn off the power and
unplug the power cord from the computer before changing a jumper, taking
all necessary anti static precautions
System Board Jumper Settings
The following figure shows the jumper locations of the Motherboard. Please refer to the
following tables describing each jumper’s configuration.
Explanation of Jumpers
To modify the operation of the Motherboard, jumpers can be used to choose between
optional settings. Jumpers create shorts between two pins to change the function of the
connector. Pin 1 is identified with a square solder pad on the printed circuit board.
Note: On two pin jumpers, “Closed” means the jumper is on and “Open” means the
jumper is off the pins.
Figure 6: Explanation of jumpers
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Motherboard Jumper Settings
Clear CMOS
Instead of pins the “jumper” to Clear CMOS consists of contact pads to prevent the
accidental clearing of CMOS. To clear CMOS, use a metal object such as a small
screwdriver to touch both pads at the same time to short the connection. Always
remove the AC power cord from the system before clearing CMOS.
Figure 7: CMOS Clear
Note: For an ATX power supply, you must completely shut down the system, remove the AC power
cord and then short the Clear CMOS pads.
Clear ME
To Clear ME you are required to bridge two Pins with a metal device such as a small
screwdriver. Always remove the AC power cord from the system before clearing ME.
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Figure 8: Clear ME
Front Panel Audio Header
When front panel headphones are plugged in, the back panel audio output is disabled.
This is done through the AFP (Audio Front Panel) header.
Table 3: Front Panel Audio Header
Function/Mode Jumper
Configuration
Front panel audio cable connects to this header to
enable the use of front panel audio (Mic and
Headphones).
Front panel
audio
Table 4: Front panel Audio Connector
Pin
Signal name
1
HAD Port 1 Left
3
HAD Port 1 Right
5
HAD Port 2 Left
7
Jack Sense common
9
HAD Port 2 Right
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
Signal name
Analog GND
FP Presence Detect
Jack Sense Port 1
Key
Jack Sense Port 1
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Motherboard Connectors
There are connectors on the Motherboard for FAN, Power supply, Chassis intrusion &
Front Panel Connectors. The location and/or details of these connections are shown
below.
Front panel connections
Normally, a chassis has some control or signal wires that can be connected onto the
motherboard for hard drive LED, Power LED, power button, and reset button;
The front panel connector has been implemented on D3348 for such purposes.
Figure 9: Front Panel connections
Table 5: Front panel Connections
Pin Signal name
1
HD-LED +
3
HD-LED 5
GND
7
RST L
9
Chassis Detect WS L
11
Chassis Detect Baku L
13
LED1 +
15
Power Button (only S5, does not work in
low power S5)
17
Speaker +
19
GND
21
Key
23
Speaker -
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
Signal name
Power LED +
Power LED Power Button
GND
Key
GND
LED1 Power Button (Only S5, does not work in low
power S5)
Password Skip
GND (0, 1K)
GND (0, 1K)
Recover BIOS
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 Power Connectors
ATX Power Connector
The D3348 is operated with a 12 V power supply or an ATX power supply.
Figure 10: ATX Power Supply Connectors
Processor Power Connector
In addition to the primary ATX power connector, the 12V 4-pin CPU Power connector
must also be connected to the Motherboard to provide adequate power to the CPU.
A- 24-pin ATX power connector
B- 8-pin processor power connector
Figure 11: Power Connectors
Caution!!
Do not forget to connect the 24+8-pin power plugs; otherwise, the system will not
boot up
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 Serial ATA connectors
These connectors are for the Serial ATA signal cables for Serial ATA hard disk drives.
A- Serial ATA connectors
Figure 12: Serial ATA connectors
 Universal Serial Bus (USB)
USB 2.0 port (external)
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
VCC AUX (safe mode)
Data negative
Data positive
GND
Figure 13: USB2.0 Connectors (External)
USB 2.0 port (internal) – Internal/Front
Pin
1
Signal
VCC AUX (safe mode)
Vig451J Motherboard Manual
PIN
2
Signal
VCC AUX
24
3
Data negative Port X
5
Data positive Port X
7
GND
9
Key
Figure 14: USB2.0 Port (Internal)
4
6
8
10
Data Negative Port Y
Data Positive Port Y
GND
NC
USB 2.0 port (internal)
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
VCC AUX (safe mode)
Data negative
Data positive
GND
Figure 15: USB2.0 Port (Internal)
USB 3.0 port (internal) – Internal/Front
Function/Mode Jumper
Configuration
USB3.0 Port
(Internal) –
Internal/Front
Front panel audio cable connects to this header to
enable the use of front panel audio (Mic and
Headphones).
Table 6: USB3.0 Port (Internal) – Internal/ Front
Table 7: USB3.0 Port (Internal) – Internal/Front
Pin
Signal name
1
VBus
2
USB3.0 Port 2 RX Neg
3
USB3.0 Port 2 RX Pos
4
GND
5
USB3.0 Port 2 TX Neg
6
USB3.0 Port 2 TX Pos
7
GND
8
USB3.0 Port 2 Data Neg
9
USB3.0 Port 2 Data Pos
10
Over Current
Pin
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
Signal name
Key
VBus
USB3.0 Port 1 RX Neg
USB3.0 Port 1 RX Pos
GND
USB3.0 Port 1 TX Neg
USB3.0 Port 1 TX Pos
GND
USB3.0 Port 1 Data Neg
USB3.0 Port 1 Data Pos
Intrusoin connector (internal)
Pin
1
3
5
Signal
GND
Open
Intrusion switch present
Figure 16: Chassis Intrusion
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 Fan Connectors
This Motherboard has three chassis/system fan headers (Fan 2, 3 and 5) as well as
one CPU fan header (Fan 1) and a PSU fan header (Fan 4). All of these are 4-pin fan
headers and are backward compatible with the traditional 3-pin fans. However, fan
speed control is available for 4-pin fans only.
Figure 17: Fan Connectors
CAUTION!!
Do not forget to connect the fan cables to the fan connectors. Insufficient air flow
inside the system may damage the Motherboard components. These are not
jumpers!! Do not place jumper caps on the fan connectors!!
Pin
1
2
3
4
Signal
GND
+12V Power
FAN Sense
Fan PWM
Figure 18: Internal Fan Connector
This 4-pin fan connector suppors tachometer monitoring.
There are four 4-pin fan connectors on Vig450J. Use these connectors to connect
chassis and processor cooling fans to your motherboard. Cooling fans can keep the
system stable and reliable for its product’s life.
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26
Upgrading the Central Processing Unit (CPU)
The Motherboard comes with a surface mount LGA2011 socket designed for the Intel®
Xeon E5-16xx, E5-26xx, i7-59xx CPUs
CAUTION!!
When handling the processor package, avoid placing direct pressure on the label
area of the fan.
Notes:
1. Always connect the power cord last and always remove it before adding, removing
or changing any hardware components. Make sure that you install the processor
into the CPU socket before you install the CPU heatsink.
2. Make sure you install the Motherboard into the chassis before you install the CPU
heatsink and fan.
The design of the Vig450J computer makes it a simple job to replace or upgrade the
processor. To do so please refer to the follow instructions below:
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Un-install the Heatsink
1. Remove the side lid from the system
CPU heatsink (Top View)
CPU heatsink (Bottom View)
Figure 13: Haswell-EP –Air Heatsink TS13A
2. Unplug the heatsink fan connector from the Motherboard CPU fan header.
Figure 14: Heatsink Connector
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3. Remove the heatsink screws from the Motherboard in the sequence as shown in
the picture below.
Figure 19: Heatsink Screw Sequence
4. Gently wriggle the heatsink to loosen it from the CPU. (Do not use excessive force
when wriggling the heatsink!!).
5. Once the heatsink is loosened, remove the heatsink from the CPU socket.
6. Clean the surface of the CPU and the heatsink to get rid of the old thermal grease.
Reapply the proper amount of thermal grease on the surface before you re-install
the CPU and the heatsink.
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Installing the Processor and Heat sink
Installing the processor
The processor socket is covered with a protective cap to protect the spring
contacts.
In the warranty case the mainboard can only be taken back by Fujitsu
Technology Solutions with the protective cap secured!
Never touch the underside of the processor. Even minor soiling such as
grease from the skin can impair the processor’s operation or destroy the
processor.
Place the processor in the socket with extreme care, as the spring contacts
of the socket are very delicate and must be bent.
 Remove the heat sink
 Press down the lever (1) and unhook it (2).
 Fold up the frame
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Hold the new processor between your thumb and index finger and insert it into the
socket (b) so that the marking of the processor is aligned with the marking on the
socket (a).
 Remove the old processor (3) form the socket
 Fold down the frame (1).
 Press the lever downward (2) until it is hooked in again.
 Remove the protective cap (3) and keep it.
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Installing Heatsink
Use only the heat sink supplied with your system!
Be sure to use heat conducting material between the processor and the heat sink. If a
heat conducting pad (rubber-like foil) is already applied to the heat sink, then use it.
Otherwise you must apply a very thin layer of heat conducting paste.
Heat conducting pads can only be used once. If you remove the heat sink, you must
clean it and apply new heat conducting paste before you remount it.
 Depending on the configuration variant, you must pull
a protective foil off the heat sink or coat the heat sink
with heat conducting paste before fitting it.
 Secure the heat sink – depending on the model –
with four screws or push it into the mounts.
Screw in two diagonal screws (i.e. the #1 and the #2 screws) until just snug (Do not
fully tighten the screws to avoid possible damage to the CPU.)
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Upgrading System Memory
CAUTION!!
Exercise extreme care when installing or removing DIMM modules to prevent any
possible damage. Also note that the memory is interleaved to improve
performance!!
Memory Installation Procedure
When installing memory modules, make sure the modules align properly with the
memory socket. There should be keys (small indents) on your memory modules that fit
according to the keys in the memory socket. DDR modules and sockets have only one
key, which is slightly near the centre of the module/socket. The method of installing
memory modules is detailed in the following diagrams.
Installing a memory module
1. Push the holders on each side of the memory slot outwards.
2. Insert the memory module into the location (1).
3. At the same time flip the lateral holders upwards until the memory module snaps
in place (2).
Remove a memory module
1. Push the clips on the right and left of the memory slot outward (1).
2. Pull the memory module out of the memory slot (2).
When installing memory, a module may require a considerable amount of
force to seat properly, although this is very rare. To avoid bending and
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33
damaging your motherboard, place it on its anti-static bag and onto a flat surface, and
then proceed with memory installation.
You must unplug the power connector to the motherboard before performing
system hardware changes, to avoid damaging the board or expansion device.
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34
Installing an expansion card
To install an expansion card:
1. Before installing the expansion card, read the documentation that came with the
device and make the necessary hardware settings for the card.
2. Remove the lid from the system by un-screwing the two screws at the rear of the
case
2. Remove the bracket opposite the slot that you intend to use. Keep the screw for
later use.
3. Align the card connector with the slot and press firmly until the card is completely
seated on the slot.
4. Secure the card to the chassis with the screw you removed earlier.
5. Replace the system lid.
Configuring an expansion card
After installing the expansion card, configure the card by adjusting the software
settings.
1. Turn on the system and change the necessary BIOS settings, if any.
2. Install the software drivers for the expansion card.
PCI Slots
There are two 32-bit PCI slots on this Motherboard. The slots support PCI cards such
as a LAN card, SCSI card, USB card, and other cards that comply with PCI
specifications.
Figure 25: Installing a PCI card
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35
PCI Express x16 Slot
This Motherboard supports PCI Express x16 graphic cards that comply with the PCI
Express specifications.
Figure 26: Install a PCI Express x16 card
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36
Replacing the Clock/CMOS RAM Battery
In order to permanently save the system information, a lithium battery is installed to
provide the CMOS-memory with a current. A corresponding error message notifies the
user when the charge is too low or the battery is empty. The lithium battery must then
be replaced.
Incorrect replacement of the lithium battery may lead to a risk of explosion!
The lithium battery may be replaced only with an identical battery or with a type
recommended by the manufacturer.
Do not throw lithium batteries into the household waste. They must be disposed of an
accordance with local regulations concerning special waste.
Make sure that you insert the battery the right way round. The plus pole must be on the
top!
The lithium battery holder exists in different designs that function in the same way.
CAUTION!!
Danger of explosion if the battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the
same or equivalent type recommended by Viglen. Discard used batteries
according to manufacturer’s instructions.
The battery is listed as board component ‘Z’ on page 14, Figure 1
To replace the battery, carry out the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Turn off all peripheral devices connected to the system.
Turn off the system.
Remove any components that are blocking access to the battery.
Press the catch in the direction of the arrow (1). The battery jumps out of the holder
slightly.
5. Remove the battery (2).
6. Push the new lithium battery of the identical type into the holder (3) and press it
downward until it engages.
Figure 27: Replacing CMOS Battery
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Chapter 3: Solving Problems
The first part of this chapter helps you identify and solve problems that might occur
when the system is in use. The second part lists error code messages that might be
displayed.
Please remember that if you cannot solve the problem by yourself then you should
contact Viglen’s Technical Support team for further assistance.
Viglen Technical Support can be reached in the following ways:
Telephone: 01727 201 850
Fax:
01727 201 858
Email:
techsupport@viglen.co.uk
You can also look for support information on our web site:
http://www.viglen.co.uk
Device drivers and various useful utilities can be downloaded from our ftp site:
ftp://ftp.viglen.co.uk
Resetting the System
Before checking your system for hardware problems, it is always a good idea to try
resetting your computer and see if a re-boot can solve the problem. Most software
related problems can be solved simply by re-booting your PC.
Table 9: Resetting the System
To do the following
Press
Soft boot: Clear the system memory and
reload the operating system (also called
warm reset).
<Ctrl + Alt + Del>
Cold boot: Clear the system memory, halt Power off/on or reset button (at front
power to all peripherals, restart POST, and of the system)
reload the operating system.
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Troubleshooting Procedures
This section provides a step-by-step troubleshooting procedure to identify a problem
and locate its source.
CAUTION!!
1. Turn off the system and any peripheral devices before you disconnect any
peripheral cables from the system. Otherwise, you can permanently damage
the system or the peripheral devices.
2. Make sure the system is plugged into a properly grounded power outlet.
3. Make sure your keyboard and video display are correctly connected to the
system. Turn on the video display, and turn up its brightness and contrast
controls to at least two-thirds of the maximum (refer to the documentation
supplied with the video display).
4. If the operating system normally loads from the hard disk drive, make sure
there is no diskette in the diskette drive. If the operating system normally
loads from a diskette, insert the operating system diskette into the drive.
5. Turn on the system. If the power indicator does not light, but the system
seems to be operating normally, the indicator is probably defective. Monitor
the power-on self-test (POST) execution. Each time you turn on the system,
the POST checks the system board, memory, keyboard, and certain peripheral
devices.
Note: If POST does not detect any errors, the system beeps once and boots up.
Errors that do not prevent the boot process (non-fatal errors) display a message that
looks similar to the following:
Error Message Line 1
Error Message Line 2
Press <F1> for Set-up, <F2> to Boot
You can note the error and press <F2> to resume the boot- up
<F1> to enter Set-up.
process,
or
Errors that prevent the boot process from continuing (fatal errors), are communicated
by a series of audible beeps. If this type of error occurs, refer to the error codes and
messages listed at the end of this chapter.
6. Confirm that the operating system has loaded.
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Problems Operating Add-in Boards
Problems related to add-in boards are usually related to improper board installation or
interrupt and address conflicts. Go through the checklist below to see if you can
correct the problem. If the problem persists after you have checked and corrected all of
these items, contact the board vendor's customer service representative.
Did you install the add-in board according to the manufacturer’s instructions?
Check the documentation that came with the board. Are all cables installed properly?
The following items are suggestions for troubleshooting problems related to PCI/ISA
legacy (non-Plug and Play) add-in boards.

If the PCI/ISA board uses an interrupt, run Set-up and set the interrupt that is
being used by the PCI/ISA board and to be Used by PCI/ISA Card. Please refer
to the BIOS manual for details of how to do this.

If the PCI/ISA legacy board uses memory space between 80000H - 9FFFFH,
run Set-up and set conventional memory to 256 K.

If the PCI/ISA legacy board uses shared memory between C8000H - DFFFH,
run Set-up and enable shared memory for the appropriate memory space.
No Power
1. Make sure that there are no short circuits between the Motherboard and the
chassis.
2. Make sure that all jumpers are set to their default positions.
3. Check that the 115V/230V switch on the power supply is properly set.
4. Turn the power switch on and off to test the system.
5. The battery on your Motherboard may be old. Check to verify that it still supplies
~3VDC. If it does not, replace it with a new one.
No Video
1. If the power is on but you have no video, remove all the add-on cards and cables.
2. Use the speaker to determine if any beep codes exist. Refer to the page 56 for
details on beep codes.
Losing the System’s Setup Configuration
1. Make sure that you are using a high quality power supply. A poor quality power
supply may cause the system to lose the CMOS setup information.
2. The battery on your Motherboard may be old. Check to verify that it still supplies
~3VDC. If it does not, replace it with a new one.
3. If the above steps do not fix the Setup Configuration problem, contact technical
support
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Memory Errors
When a No_Memory_Beep_Code is issued by the system, check the following:
1. Make sure that the DIMM modules are properly and fully installed.
2. Check if different speeds of DIMMs have been installed and check if the BIOS setup
is configured for the slowest speed of RAM used. (It is recommended to use the
same RAM speed for all DIMMs in the system.)
3. Make sure you are using the correct type of DDR4 ECC 2133 MHz RAM
(recommended by the manufacturer.)
4. Check for bad DIMM modules or slots by swapping a single module between all
memory slots and check the results.
5. Make sure that all memory modules are fully seated in their slots.
6. Make sure to follow the instructions on Page 17 for DIMM population.
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Problems & Suggestions
Table 15: Problems and Suggestions
What happens
What to do
Application software
problems
Try resetting the system.
Make sure all cables are installed correctly.
Verify that the system board jumpers are set properly.
Verify that your system hardware configuration is set correctly. In
Setup, check the values against the system settings you recorded
previously. If an error is evident (wrong type of drive specified, for
example), make the change in Setup and reboot the system. Record
your change.
Make sure the software is properly configured for the system. Refer to
the software documentation for information.
Try a different copy of the software to see if the problem is with the
copy you are using.
If other software runs correctly on the system, contact the vendor of
the software that fails.
If you check all of the above with no success, try clearing CMOS
RAM and reconfiguring the system. Make sure you have your list of
system settings available to re-enter, because clearing CMOS RAM
sets the options to their default values.
Characters onscreen are distorted
or incorrect
Make sure the brightness and contrast controls are properly adjusted
on the monitor.
Make sure the video signal cable and power cables are properly
installed.
Make sure your monitor is compatible with the video mode you have
selected.
Characters do not
appear on screen
Make sure the video display is plugged in and turned on.
Check that the brightness and contrast controls are properly adjusted.
Check that the video signal cable is properly installed.
Make sure a video board is installed, enabled, and the jumpers are
positioned correctly.
Reboot the system.
CMOS RAM settings
are wrong
If system settings stored in CMOS RAM change for no apparent
reason (for example, the time of day develops an error), the backup
battery may no longer have enough power to maintain the settings.
Replace the battery (Chapter 2).
Diskette drive light
does not go on when
drive is in use or is
tested by POST
Make sure the power and signal cables for the drive are properly
installed.
Check that the drive is properly configured and enabled in Setup.
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Table 16: Problems and Suggestions (Continued)
What happens
What to do
Hard drive light does
not go on when drive
is in use or is tested
by POST
Make sure the power and signal cables for the drive are properly
installed.
Make sure the front panel connector is securely attached to the
system board headers.
Check that the drive is properly configured and enabled in Setup.
Check the drive manufacturer's manual for proper configuration for
remote hard disk drive activity.
Power-on light does
not go on
If the system is operating normally, check the connector between the
system board and the front panel. If OK, the light may be defective.
Prompt doesn't
appear after system
boots
It’s probably switched off.
Setup, can't enter
If you can't enter Setup to make changes, check the switch that
disables entry into Setup (Chapter 2). If the switch is set to allow
entry into Setup, you might need to clear CMOS RAM to the default
values and reconfigure the system in Setup.
System halts before
completing POST
This indicates a fatal system error that requires immediate service
attention. Note the screen display and write down any beep code
emitted. Provide this information to your dealer service department /
Technical Support.
A serious fault may have occurred consult your dealer service
department / Technical Support.
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Error and Information Messages
BIOS POST Messages
During the Power-On Self-Test (POST), the BIOS will check for problems. If a problem
is found, the BIOS will activate an alarm or display a message. The following is a list of
such BIOS messages.
Failure Fixed Disk
Fixed disk is not working or not configured properly. Check to see if fixed disk is
attached properly. Run Setup. Find out if the fixed-disk type is correctly identified.
Stuck key
Stuck key on keyboard.
Keyboard error
Keyboard not working.
Keyboard Controller Failed
Keyboard controller failed test. May require replacing keyboard controller.
Keyboard locked - Unlock key switch
Unlock the system to proceed.
Monitor type does not match CMOS - Run SETUP
Monitor type not correctly identified in Setup
Shadow Ram Failed at offset: nnnn
Shadow RAM failed at offset nnnn of the 64k block at which the error was detected.
System RAM Failed at offset: nnnn
System RAM failed at offset nnnn of in the 64k block at which the error was detected.
Extended RAM Failed at offset: nnnn
Extended memory not working or not configured properly at offset nnnn.
System battery is dead - Replace and run SETUP
The CMOS clock battery indicator shows the battery is dead. Replace the battery and
run Setup to reconfigure the system.
System CMOS checksum bad - Default configuration used
System CMOS has been corrupted or modified incorrectly, perhaps by an application
program that changes data stored in CMOS. The BIOS installed Default Setup Values.
If you do not want these values, enter Setup and enter your own values. If the error
persists, check the system battery or contact your dealer.
System timer error
The timer test failed. Requires repair of system board.
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Real time clock error
Real-Time Clock fails BIOS hardware test. May require board repair.
Check date and time settings
BIOS found date or time out of range and reset the Real-Time Clock. May require
setting legal date (1991-2099).
Previous boot incomplete - Default configuration used
Previous POST did not complete successfully. POST loads default values and offers to
run Setup. If the failure was caused by incorrect values and they are not corrected, the
next boot will likely fail. On systems with control of wait states, improper Setup settings
can also terminate POST and cause this error on the next boot. Run Setup and verify
that the wait state configuration is correct. This error is cleared the next time the system
is booted.
Memory Size found by POST differed from CMOS
Memory size found by POST differed from CMOS.
Diskette drive A error
Drive A: is present but fails the BIOS POST diskette tests. Check to see that the drive
is defined with the proper diskette type in Setup and that the diskette drive is attached
correctly.
Incorrect Drive A type - run SETUP
Type of floppy drive A: not correctly identified in Setup.
System cache error - Cache disabled
RAM cache failed and BIOS disabled the cache. On older boards, check the cache
jumpers. You may have to replace the cache. See your dealer. A disabled cache slows
system performance considerably.
CPU ID:
CPU socket number for Multi-Processor error.
EISA CMOS not writeable
ServerBIOS2 test error: Cannot write to EISA CMOS.
DMA Test Failed
ServerBIOS2 test error: Cannot write to extended DMA (Direct Memory Access)
registers.
Software NMI Failed
ServerBIOS2 test error: Cannot generate software NMI (Non-Maskable Interrupt).
Fail-Safe Timer NMI Failed
Server BIOS2 test error: Fail-Safe Timer takes too long.
Device Address Conflict
Address conflict for specified device.
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Allocation Error for: device
Run ISA or EISA Configuration Utility to resolve resource conflict for the specified
device.
CD ROM Drive
CD ROM Drive identified.
Entering SETUP ...
Starting Setup program
Failing Bits: nnnn
The hex number nnnn is a map of the bits at the RAM address which failed the
memory test. Each 1 (one) in the map indicates a failed bit. See errors 230, 231, or 232
above for offset address of the failure in System, Extended, or Shadow memory.
Fixed Disk n
Fixed disk n (0-3) identified.
Invalid System Configuration Data
Problem with NVRAM (CMOS) data.
I/O device IRQ conflict
I/O device IRQ conflict error.
PS/2 Mouse Boot Summary Screen:
PS/2 Mouse installed.
nnnn kB Extended RAM Passed
Where nnnn is the amount of RAM in kilobytes successfully tested.
nnnn Cache SRAM Passed
Where nnnn is the amount of system cache in kilobytes successfully tested.
nnnn kB Shadow RAM Passed
Where nnnn is the amount of shadow RAM in kilobytes successfully tested.
nnnn kB System RAM Passed
Where nnnn is the amount of system RAM in kilobytes successfully tested.
One or more I2O Block Storage Devices were excluded from the Setup Boot
Menu
There was not enough room in the IPL table to display all installed I2O block-storage
devices.
Operating system not found
Operating system cannot be located on either drive A: or drive C: Enter Setup and see
if fixed disk and drive A: are properly identified.
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Parity Check 1 nnnn
Parity error found in the system bus. BIOS attempts to locate the address and display it
on the screen. If it cannot locate the address, it displays ????. Parity is a method for
checking errors in binary data. A parity error indicates that some data has been
corrupted.
Parity Check 2 nnnn
Parity error found in the I/O bus. BIOS attempts to locate the address and display it on
the screen. If it cannot locate the address, it displays ????.
Press <F1> to resume, <F2> to Setup, <F3> for previous
Displayed after any recoverable error message. Press <F1> to start the boot process or
<F2> to enter Setup and change the settings. Press <F3> to display the previous
screen (usually an initialization error of an Option ROM, i.e., an add-on card). Write
down and follow the information shown on the screen.
Press <F2> to enter Setup
Optional message displayed during POST. Can be turned off in Setup.
PS/2 Mouse:
PS/2 mouse identified.
Run the I2O Configuration Utility
One or more unclaimed block storage devices have the Configuration Request bit set in
the LCT. Run an I2O Configuration Utility (e.g. the SAC utility).
System BIOS shadowed
System BIOS copied to shadow RAM.
UMB upper limit segment address: nnnn
Displays the address nnnn of the upper limit of Upper Memory Blocks, indicating
released segments of the BIOS which can be reclaimed by a virtual memory manager.
Video BIOS shadowed
Video BIOS successfully copied to shadow RAM.
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BIOS POST Codes
This section lists the POST (Power On Self-Test) codes for the Phoenix BIOS. POST
codes are divided into two categories: recoverable and terminal.
Non-fatal errors are those which, in most cases, allow the system to continue the
boot-up process. The error messages normally appear on the screen.
Fatal errors are those which will not allow the system to continue the boot-up
procedure. If a fatal error occurs, you should consult with your system manufacturer for
possible repairs.
These fatal errors are usually communicated through a series of audible beeps. The
numbers on the fatal error list correspond to the number of beeps for the corresponding
error.
BIOS POST-Codes (Port 80 status indicators)
BIOS-POST codes are visible on the LCD-display (connected to the LCD-connector).
Checkpoint Ranges
Status Code Range
0x01 – 0x0B
0x0C – 0x0F
0x10 – 0x2F
0x30 – 0x4F
0x50 – 0x5F
0x60 – 0x8F
0x90 – 0xCF
0xD0 – 0xDF
0xE0 – 0xE8
0xE9 – 0xEF
0xF0 – 0xF8
0xF9 – 0xFF
Description
SEC execution
SEC errors
PEI execution up to and including memory detection
PEI execution after memory detection
PEI errors
DXE execution up to BDS
BDS execution
DXE errors
S3 Resume (PEI)
S3 Resume errors (PEI)
Recovery (PEI)
Recovery errors (PEI)
Standard Checkpoints
SEC Phase
Status Code
0x00
Progress Codes
0x01
0x02
0x03
0x04
0x05
0x06
0x07
Description
0x00 Not used
Power on. Reset type detection (soft/hard).
AP initialization before microcode loading
North Bridge initialization before microcode loading
South Bridge initialization before microcode loading
OEM initialization before microcode loading
Microcode loading
initialization after microcode loading
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0x08
North Bridge initialization after microcode loading
0x09
South Bridge initialization after microcode loading
0x0A
OEM initialization after microcode loading
0x0B
Cache initialization
SEC Error Codes
0x0C – 0x0D
Reserved for future AMI SEC error codes
0x0E
Microcode not found
0x0F
Microcode not loaded
SEC Beep Codes
None
SEC Phase
Status Code
Status Code Description
Description
Progress Codes
0x10
PEI Core is started
0x11
Pre-memory CPU initialization is started
0x12
Pre-memory CPU initialization (CPU module specific)
0x13
Pre-memory CPU initialization (CPU module specific)
0x14
Pre-memory CPU initialization (CPU module specific)
0x15
Pre-memory North Bridge initialization is started
0x16
Pre-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x17
Pre-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x18
Pre-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x19
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization is started
0x1A
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x1B
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x1C
Pre-memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x1D – 0x2A
OEM pre-memory initialization codes
0x2B
Memory initialization. Serial Presence Detect (SPD) data reading
0x2C
Memory initialization. Memory presence detection
0x2D
Memory initialization. Programming memory timing information
0x2
Memory initialization. Configuring memory
0x2F
Memory initialization (other).
0x30
Reserved for ASL (see ASL Status Codes section below)
0x31
Memory Installed
0x32
CPU post-memory initialization is started
0x33
CPU post-memory initialization. Cache initialization
0x34
CPU post-memory initialization. Application Processor(s) (AP) initialization
0x35
CPU post-memory initialization. Boot Strap Processor (BSP) selection
0x36
CPU post-memory initialization. System Management Mode (SMM) initialization
0x37
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization is started
0x38
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x39
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x3A
Post-Memory North Bridge initialization (North Bridge module specific)
0x3B
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization is started
0x3C
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x3D
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x3E
Post-Memory South Bridge initialization (South Bridge module specific)
0x3F-0x4E
OEM post memory initialization codes
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0x4F
DXE IPL is started
PEI Error Codes
0x50
Memory initialization error. Invalid memory type or incompatible memory speed
0x51
Memory initialization error. SPD reading has failed
0x52
Memory initialization error. Invalid memory size or memory modules do not
0x53
Memory initialization error. No usable memory detected
0x54
Unspecified memory initialization error.
0x55
Memory not installed
0x56
Invalid CPU type or Speed
0x57
CPU mismatch
0x58
CPU self-test failed or possible CPU cache error
0x59
CPU micro-code is not found or micro-code update is failed
0x5A
Internal CPU error
0x5B
reset PPI is not available
0x5C-0x5F
Reserved for future AMI error codes
S3 Resume Progress Codes
0xE0 S3
Resume is stared (S3 Resume PPI is called by the DXE IPL)
0xE1 S3
Boot Script execution
0xE2
Video repost
0xE3
OS S3 wake vector call
0xE4-0xE7
Reserved for future AMI progress codes
S3 Resume Error Codes
0xE8 S3
S3 Resume Failed
0xE9 S3
S3 Resume PPI not Found
0xEA S3
S3 Resume Boot Script Error
0xEB S3
S3 OS Wake Error
0xEC-0xEF
Reserved for future AMI error codes
Recovery Progress Codes
0xF0
Recovery condition triggered by firmware (Auto recovery)
0xF1
Recovery condition triggered by user (Forced recovery)
0xF2
Recovery process started
0xF3
Recovery firmware image is found
0xF4
Recovery firmware image is loaded
0xF5-0xF7
Reserved for future AMI progress codes
Recovery Error Codes
0xF8
Recovery PPI is not available
0xF9
Recovery capsule is not found
0xFA
Invalid recovery capsule
0xFB – 0xFF
Reserved for future AMI error codes
PEI Beep Codes
# of Beeps
1
1
2
3
3
4
4
7
Description
Memory not Installed
Memory was installed twice (InstallPeiMemory routine in PEI Core called twice)
Recovery started
DXEIPL was not found
DXE Core Firmware Volume was not found
Recovery failed
S3 Resume failed
Reset PPI is not available
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DXE Phase
Status Code
0x60
0x61
0x62
0x63
0x64
0x65
0x66
0x67
0x68
0x69
0x6A
0x6B
0x6C
0x6D
0x6E
0x6F
0x70
0x71
0x72
0x73
0x74
0x75
0x76
0x77
0x78
0x79
0x7A – 0x7F
0x80 – 0x8F
0x90
0x91
0x92
0x93
0x94
0x95
0x96
0x97
0x98
0x99
0x9A
0x9B
0x9C
0x9D
0x9E – 0x9F
0xA0
0xA1
Description
DXE Core is started
NVRAM initialization
Installation of the South Bridge Runtime Services
CPU DXE initialization is started
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
CPU DXE initialization (CPU module specific)
PCI host bridge initialization
North Bridge DXE initialization is started
North Bridge DXE SMM initialization is started
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
North Bridge DXE initialization (North Bridge module specific)
South Bridge DXE initialization is started
South Bridge DXE SMM initialization is started
South Bridge devices initialization
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
South Bridge DXE Initialization (South Bridge module specific)
ACPI module initialization
CSM initialization
Reserved for future AMI DXE codes
OEM DXE initialization codes
Boot Device Selection (BDS) phase is started
Driver connecting is started
PCI Bus initialization is started
PCI Bus Hot Plug Controller Initialization
PCI Bus Enumeration
PCI Bus Request Resources
PCI Bus Assign Resources
Console Output devices connect
Console input devices connect
Super IO Initialization
USB initialization is started
USB Reset
USB Detect
USB Enable
Reserved for future AMI codes
IDE initialization is started
IDE Reset
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0xA2
IDE Detect
0xA3
IDE Enable
0xA4
SCSI initialization is started
0xA5
SCSI Reset
0xA6
SCSI Detect
0xA7
SCSI Enable
0xA8
Setup Verifying Password
0xA9
Start of Setup
0xAA
Reserved for ASL (see ASL Status Codes section below)
0xAB
Setup Input Wait
0xAC
Reserved for ASL (see ASL Status Codes section below)
0xAD
Ready To Boot event
0xAE
Legacy Boot event
0xAF
Exit Boot Services event
0xB0
Runtime Set Virtual Address MAP Begin
0xB1
Runtime Set Virtual Address MAP End
0xB2
Legacy Option ROM Initialization
0xB3
System Reset
0xB4
USB hot plug
0xB5
PCI bus hot plug
0xB6
Clean-up of NVRAM
0xB7
Configuration Reset (reset of NVRAM settings)
0xB8 – 0xBF
Reserved for future AMI codes
0xC0 – 0xCF
OEM BDS initialization codes
DXE Error Codes
0xD0
CPU initialization error
0xD1
North Bridge initialization error
0xD2
South Bridge initialization error
0xD3
Some of the Architectural Protocols are not available
0xD4
PCI resource allocation error. Out of Resources
0xD5
No Space for Legacy Option ROM
0xD6
No Console Output Devices are found
0xD7
No Console Input Devices are found
0xD8
Invalid password
0xD9
Error loading Boot Option (LoadImage returned error)
0xDA
Boot Option is failed (StartImage returned error)
0xDB
Flash update is failed
0xDC
Reset protocol is not available
DXE Beep Codes
# of Beeps Description
1
Invalid password
4
Some of the Architectural Protocols are not available
5
No Console Output Devices are found
5
No Console Input Devices are found
6
Flash update is failed
7
Reset protocol is not available
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8
1
Platform PCI resource requirements cannot be met
Invalid password
OEM-Reserved Checkpoint Ranges
Status Code Description Status Code Description
0x05
OEM SEC initialization before microcode loading
0x0A
OEM SEC initialization after microcode loading
0x1D – 0x2A
OEM pre-memory initialization codes
0x3F – 0x4E
OEM PEI post memory initialization codes
0x80 – 0x8F
OEM DXE initialization codes
0xC0 – 0xCF
OEM BDS initialization codes
Terminal POST Errors
If a terminal type of error occurs, BIOS will shut down the system. Before doing so,
BIOS will write the error to port 80h, attempt to initialize video and write the error in the
top left corner of the screen. The following is a list of codes that may be written to port
80h.
Table 18: POST code description
POST Code
01h
02h
03h
04h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
0Ch
0Eh
0Fh
10h
11h
12h
13h
14h
16h
17h
18h
1Ah
Description
IPMI Initialization
Verify Real Mode
Disable Non-Maskable Interrupt (NMI)
Get CPU type
Initialize system hardware
Disable shadow and execute code from the ROM.
Initialize chipset with initial POST values
Set IN POST flag
Initialize CPU registers
Enable CPU cache
Initialize caches to initial POST values
Initialize I/O component
Initialize the local bus IDE
Initialize Power Management
Load alternate registers with initial POST values
Restore CPU control word during warm boot
Reset PCI Bus Mastering devices
Initialize keyboard controller
1-2-2-3 BIOS ROM checksum
Initialize cache before memory Auto size
8254 timer initialization
8237 DMA controller initialization
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1Ch
20h
Reset Programmable Interrupt Controller
1-3-1-1 Test DRAM refresh
Table 19: POST code description (Continued)
POST Code
18h
1Ah
1Ch
20h
22h
24h
28h
29h
2Ah
2Ch
2Eh
2Fh
32h
33h
36h
38h
3Ah
3Ch
3Dh
41h
42h
45h
46h
48h
49h
4Ah
4Bh
4Ch
4Eh
4Fh
50h
51h
52h
54h
55h
58h
Description
8254 timer initialization
8237 DMA controller initialization
Reset Programmable Interrupt Controller
1-3-1-1 Test DRAM refresh
1-3-1-3 Test 8742 Keyboard Controller
Set ES segment register to 4 GB
Auto size DRAM
Initialize POST Memory Manager
Clear 512 kB base RAM
1-3-4-1 RAM failure on address line xxxx*
1-3-4-3 RAM failure on data bits xxxx* of low byte of
memory bus
Enable cache before system BIOS shadow
Test CPU bus-clock frequency
Initialize Phoenix Dispatch Manager
Warm start shut down
Shadow system BIOS ROM
Auto size cache
Advanced configuration of chipset registers
Load alternate registers with CMOS values
Initialize extended memory for RomPilot (optional)
Initialize interrupt vectors
POST device initialization
2-1-2-3 Check ROM copyright notice
Check video configuration against CMOS
Initialize PCI bus and devices
Initialize all video adapters in system
QuietBoot start (optional)
Shadow video BIOS ROM
Display BIOS copyright notice
Initialize MultiBoot
Display CPU type and speed
Initialize EISA board (optional)
Test keyboard
Set key click if enabled
Enable USB devices
2-2-3-1 Test for unexpected interrupts
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59h
5Ah
5Bh
Initialize POST display service
Display prompt “Press <ESC> to enter SETUP”
Disable CPU cache
Table 19: POST code description (Continued)
POST Code
5Ch
60h
62h
64h
66h
67h
68h
69h
6Ah
6Bh
6Ch
70h
72h
76h
7Ch
7Dh
7Eh
80h
81h
82h
83h
84h
85h
86h
87h
88h
89h
8Ah
8Bh
8Ch
8Fh
90h
91h
92h
93h
95h
Description
Test RAM between 512 and 640 kB
Test extended memory
Test extended memory address lines
Jump to UserPatch1
Configure advanced cache registers
Initialize Multi Processor APIC
Enable external and CPU caches
Setup System Management Mode (SMM) area
Display external L2 cache size
Load custom defaults (optional)
Display shadow-area message
Display error messages
Check for configuration errors
Check for keyboard errors
Set up hardware interrupt vectors
Initialize Intelligent System Monitoring (optional)
Initialize coprocessor if present
Disable onboard Super I/O ports and IRQs (optional)
Late POST device initialization
Detect and install external RS232 ports
Configure non-MCD IDE controllers
Detect and install external parallel ports
Initialize PC-compatible PnP ISA devices
Re-initialize onboard I/O ports.
Configure Motherboard Configurable Devices (optional)
Initialize BIOS Data Area
Enable Non-Maskable Interrupts (NMIs)
Initialize Extended BIOS Data Area
Test and initialize PS/2 mouse
Initialize floppy controller
Determine number of ATA drives (optional)
Initialize hard-disk controllers
Initialize local-bus hard-disk controllers
Jump to UserPatch2
Build MPTABLE for multi-processor boards
Install CD ROM for boot
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96h
97h
Clear huge ES segment register
Fix up Multi Processor table
Table 20: POST code description (Continued)
POST Code
98h
99h
9Ch
9Dh
9Eh
9Fh
A0h
A2h
A4h
A8h
AAh
ACh
AEh
B0h
B1h
B2h
B4h
B5h
B6h
B7h
B9h
BAh
BCh
BDh
BEh
BFh
C0h
C1h
C2h
C3h
C4h
C6h
C7h
C8h
C9h
Description
1-2 Search for option ROMs and shadow if successful.
One long, two short beeps on checksum failure
Check for SMART Drive (optional)
Set up Power Management
Initialize security engine (optional)
Enable hardware interrupts
Determine number of ATA and SCSI drives
Set time of day
Check key lock
Initialize typematic rate
Erase <ESC> prompt
Scan for <ESC> key stroke
Enter SETUP
Clear Boot flag
Check for errors
Inform RomPilot about the end of POST (optional)
POST done - prepare to boot operating system
1 One short beep before boot
Terminate QuietBoot (optional)
Check password (optional)
Initialize ACPI BIOS and PPM Structures
Prepare Boot
Initialize SMBIOS
Clear parity checkers
Display MultiBoot menu
Clear screen (optional)
Check virus and backup reminders
Try to boot with INT 19
Initialize POST Error Manager (PEM)
Initialize error logging
Initialize error display function
Initialize system error flags
Console redirection init.
Unhook INT 10h if console redirection enabled
Force check (optional)
Extended ROM checksum (optional)
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CDh
D2h
D4h
Reclaim console redirection vector
Unknown interrupt
Check Intel Branding string
Table 21: POST code description (Continued)
POST Code
D8h
D9h
DEh
Description
Alert Standard Format initialization
Late init for IPMI
Log error if micro-code not updated properly
The following are for boot block in Flash ROM
Table 22: POST code description
POST Code
E0h
E1h
E2h
E3h
E4h
E5h
E6h
E7h
E8h
E9h
EAh
EBh
ECh
EDh
EEh
EFh
F0h
F1h
F2h
F3h
F4h
F5h
F6h
F7h
Description
Initialize the chipset
Initialize the bridge
Initialize the CPU
Initialize system timer
Initialize system I/O
Check force recovery boot
Checksum BIOS ROM
Go to BIOS
Set Huge Segment
Initialize Multi Processor
Initialize OEM special code
Initialize PIC and DMA
Initialize Memory type
Initialize Memory size
Shadow Boot Block
System memory test
Initialize interrupt vectors
Initialize Run Time Clock
Initialize video
Initialize System Management Manager
Output one beep
Clear Huge Segment
Boot to Mini DOS
Boot to Full DOS
Note:
If the BIOS detects error 2C, 2E, or 30 (base 512K RAM error), it displays an additional
word-bitmap (xxxx) indicating the address line or bits that failed. For example, “2C
0002” means address line 1 (bit one set) has failed. “2E 1020" means data bits 12 and
5 (bits 12 and 5 set) have failed in the lower 16 bits. The BIOS also sends the bitmap to
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the port-80 LED display. It first displays the checkpoint code, followed by a delay, the
high-order byte, another delay, and then the loworder byte of the error. It repeats this
sequence continuously.
Chapter 4: System BIOS
Introduction
This chapter describes the Phoenix BIOS™ Setup utility for the Vig450J. The Phoenix
ROM BIOS is stored in a flash chip and can be easily upgraded using a floppy diskbased program.
What is the BIOS?
The BIOS is the Basic Input Output System used in all IBM® PC, XT™, AT®, and
PS/2® compatible computers. The Phoenix BIOS stores the system parameters, types
of disk drives, video displays, etc. in the CMOS. The CMOS memory requires very little
electrical power. When the computer is turned off, a backup battery provides power to
the CMOS Logic, enabling it to retain system parameters. Each time the computer is
powered on the computer is configured with the values stored in the CMOS Logic by
the system BIOS, which gains control at boot up.
The Power-On sequence
When the computer is first switched on, certain instructions in the BIOS are executed to
test various parts of the machine. This is known as the POST (Power-On Self Test)
routine. When you switch the computer on (or when you press the Reset button or
press <Ctrl> + <Alt>+ <Delete> keys, which has the same effect), you can see on the
monitor that it counts through the memory, testing it. The floppy disk drives are then
accessed and tested, and the various interfaces are checked. If there are any errors, a
message is displayed on the screen.
How to Enter the BIOS
To enter the BIOS Setup you will need to repeatedly press the F2 button when the
machine is first turned on and is performing its Power On Self Test (POST).
How to Access the Boot Menu
To access the Boot Menu you will need to repeatedly press the F12 button when the
machine is first turned on and is performing its Power On Self-Test (POST).
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Updating the BIOS
The system BIOS can be updated using one of the following methods:
o Flash BIOS update under Windows
o Flash BIOS update with a USB stick
All necessary BIOS files can be obtained from the Viglen FTP site at:
http://download.viglen.co.uk/files/

Flash BIOS update under Windows
1. Start your system and boot into Windows
2. Download the latest BIOS update for Windows from Viglen FTP site
3. Run the application to begin update process
4. For additional help refer to readme.txt (included in download package)
CAUTION!!
Do not shut down or reset the system while updating the BIOS. Doing so may
cause permanent damage to the motherboard

Flash BIOS update with a USB Stick (DOS)
1. Have a bootable USB stick ready
2. Download and decompress (unzip) the latest BIOS update for DOS from
Viglen FTP site
3. Copy the contents to the root of your bootable USB stick
4. Restart your system and press F12 during POST to open the Boot Menu
5. Select your bootable USB stick
6. Launch the flash BIOS update using the necessary commands
7. For additional help refer to readme.txt (included in download package)
CAUTION!!
Do not shut down or reset the system while updating the BIOS. Doing so may
cause permanent damage to the motherboard
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Main BIOS Setup
All main Setup options are described in this section. The main BIOS Setup screen is
displayed below. Use the Up/Down arrow keys to move among the different settings in
each menu. Use the Left/Right arrow keys to change the options for each setting. Press
the <Esc> key to exit the BIOS Setup Menu. The next section describes in detail how to
navigate through the menus and submenus
Note: To enter the BIOS Setup you will need to repeatedly press the F2 button when
the machine is first turned on and is performing its Power On Self Test (POST).
Figure 28: Main BIOS Setup
System Information
This submenu contains descriptions of the system configuration. Some parameters
are only available optionally.
Board and Firmware Details
Shows the current information on the installed system board and firmware:





BIOS Revision: Shows the current BIOS version.
Build Date and Time: Shows the date and time of the formation of the current
BIOS.
Board: Shows information about the current system board.
Ident Number: Shows the identification number of the system.
UUID: Shows the 16-byte long Universal Unique ID, also known as the Globally
Unique Identifier (GUID).
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Network Controller Details
Shows the 6-byte long MAC address (Media Access Control) of the LAN controller.
Processor Details





Processor Type: Shows the CPU designation.
CPU / Patch ID: Shows the CPU ID and the current Patch ID.
Processor Speed: Shows the speed of the processor core.
Cache Counts & Sizes: Shows detailed information about the cache.
Active Package, Core & Thread Count (maximum): Shows the number of
active and maximum available CPU packages, cores and threads.
Memory Details
Shows the details of memory Quantities
 Memory Size / Frequency: Shows the total memory in Megabytes and the
memory frequency in MHz.
 DIMM n: Shows the memory size in Megabytes for the corresponding memory
slot.
System Language
Specifies the language used in the BIOS Setup
System Date / System Time
Shows the currently set date/the currently set time of the system. The date has the
format "Day of the week, month/day/year". The time has the format
"hours/minutes/seconds". If you wish to change the currently set date/the currently
set time, enter the new date in the field System Date and the new time in the field
System Time. Use the tab key to switch the cursor between the System Time and
System Date fields.
Note: If the system date & time fields are often set incorrectly when starting the
computer, the lithium battery is possibly discharged and must be changed. The
procedure for changing the lithium battery is described in the system board manual.
Access Level
Shows the current access level in BIOS Setup. If the system is not protected by a
password, or an administrator password has been allocated, the access level is
Administrator. If administrator and user passwords are allocated, the access level
depends on the password entered.
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Advanced System Configuration
Choose Advanced from the BIOS Setup Utility main menu with the arrow keys. You
should see the following display. The items with a triangle beside them have sub
menus that can be accessed by highlighting the item and pressing <Enter>.
Figure 29: Advanced System Configuration
Erase Disk
Erase Disk is a firmware incorporated in Fujitsu Technology Solutions (UEFI: Unified
Extensible Firmware Interface), to delete all the data from SATA hard disk(s).
This function allows all the data on internal or external SATA hard disks connected via
the eSATA connection to be irretrievably deleted, before disposal of the hard disks or
the complete computer system. The function can also be used if hard disks need to be
completely deleted, for example before installing a new operating system.
PCI Subsystem Settings
Opens the PCI Subsystem Settings submenu

PCI Option ROM Handling
1. PCI ROM Priority – Specifies Which PCI Option ROMs are started if multiple
option ROMs are available:
1. Legacy ROM – Legacy Option ROMs are started
2. EFI Compatible ROM – EFI compatible Option ROMs are started
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2. PERR# Generation – Specifies whether the PERR# (PCI Parity Errors) are
created:
1. Disabled – PCI Parity Errors will not be created
2. Enabled – PCI Parity Errors will be created
3. SERR# Generation – Specifies whether SERR# (PCI System Errors) will be
created:
1. Disabled – PCI System Errors will not be created
2. Enabled – PCI System Errors will be created

PCI Express Link Register Settings
1. ASPM Support – Configure Active State Power Management (ASPM), to
gradually reduce the power consumption of the PCI Express Link and so
save energy. Even if ASPM is generally enabled by this selection, it is only
then invoked for a particular connection if the corresponding PCI Express
adapter card or the corresponding Onboard Controller also supports this.
1. Disabled – ASPM is disabled. The power consumption for PCI Express
connections is reduced. Best Compatibility
2. Auto – Configure maximum energy saving. Set the low power mode of
the PCI Express connections to L0s (uni-directional) or L1 (bi-directional).
3. Limit to L0s – Limit the Low Power Mode of PCI Express connections to
L0s (uni-directional). Compromise between compatibility and energy
saving
2. Slot n Link Speed – Allows
for individual PCIe slots
1. GEN1 – The maximum
(2.5GT/s)
2. GEN2 – The maximum
(5GT/s)
3. GEN3 – The maximum
(8GT/s)
the maximum possible link speed to be limited
possible link speed will be limited to GEN1
possible link speed will be limited to GEN2
possible link speed will be limited to GEN3
Trusted Computing
Opens the submenu for enabling TPM and changing the TPM settings. If this setup
menu is available, the system board contains a security and encryption chip (TPM Trusted Platform Module) which complies with TCG specification 1.2. This chip allows
security-related data (passwords, etc.) to be stored securely. The use of TPM is
standardised and is specified by the Trusted Computing Group (TCG).

TPM Support
Specifies whether the TPM (Trusted Platform Module) hardware is available. If the
TPM is disabled, the system behaves like any other system without the TPM
hardware
1. Disabled – Trusted Platform Module is not available
2. Enabled – Trusted Platform Module is available
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
TPM State
Specifies whether TPM (Trusted Platform Module) can be used by the operating
system
1. Disabled – Trusted Platform Module cannot be used
2. Enabled – Trusted Platform Module can be used

Pending TPM Operation
Specifies a TPM operation which will be performed during the next boot process
1. None – No TPM operation will be performed
2. Enable Take Ownership – the operating system can assume ownership of
the TPM
3. Disable Take Ownership – the operating system cannot assume ownership
of the TPM
4. TPM Clear – TPM is reset to the factory settings

Current TPM Status Information
Shows the current TPM (Trusted Platform Module) status
1. TPM Support OFF – is displayed if the TPM support is disabled
2. TPM Enabled Status – indicates whether TPM can be used
3. TPM Active Status – indicates whether TPM is enabled
4. TPM Owner Status – indicates the TPM owner status
CPU Configuration
Opens the CPU Configuration Submenu

Socket n CPU Information
The submenu opens to show information about the CPU in socket n
o Processor Type: Shows the CPU type.
o CPU Signature: Shows the CPU ID.
o Microcode Patch: Shows the CPU Micropatch ID.
o Max CPU Speed: Shows the maximum speed of the processor core without
turbo mode.
o Min CPU Speed: Shows the minimum speed of the processor core.
o Processor Cores: Shows the maximum number of available CPU cores.
o Intel HT Technology: Shows whether Intel® Hyper Threading Technology is
supported by the CPU.
o Intel VT-x Technology: Shows whether Intel® VT-x (Virtualisation
Technology) is supported by the CPU.
o Intel SMX Technology: Shows whether Intel® SMX (Safer Mode
Extensions) is supported by the CPU.
o L1 Data Cache: Shows the memory size of the L1 Data Cache.
o L1 Code Cache: Shows the memory size of the L1 instruction cache.
o L2 Cache: Shows the memory size of the L2 cache.
o L3 Cache: Shows the memory size of the L3 cache.
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
Hyper-Threading
Hyper-threading technology allows a single physical processor to appear as several
logical processors. With this technology, the operating system can better utilise the
internal processor resources, which leads to an increase in performance. The
advantages of this technology can only be used by an operating system that
supports ACPI. This setting has no effect on operating systems without ACPI
support.
1. Disabled – An ACPI operating system can only use the first logical
processor of the physical processor. This setting should therefore only be
chosen if the operating system does not support hyper-threading technology.
2. Enabled – An ACPI operating system can use all the logical processors of
the physical processor.

Active Processor Cores
On processors which contain multiple processor cores, the number of active
processor cores can be limited. Inactive processor cores will not be used and are
hidden from the operating system.
1. All – All available processor cores are active and can be used.
2. [1..n] – Only the selected number of processor cores is active. The other
processor cores are disabled.

Limit CPUID Maximum
Specifies the number of CPUID functions which can be called from the processor.
Some operating systems cannot process new CPUID commands which support
more than three functions. This parameter should be enabled for these operating
systems.
1. Enabled – All CPUID functions are supported
2. Disabled – for reasons of compatibility with operating system, only a
reduced number of CPUID functions is supported by the processor

Execute Disable Bit
Makes it possible to prevent the execution of programs in certain areas of memory
(anti-virus protection). The function is only effective if it is also supported by the
operating system. The Execute Disable bit (XD bit) is also called the NX bit (No
Execute).
1. Enabled – Allows the operating system to switch on the Execute Disable
function
2. Disabled – Prevents the operating system from switching on the Execute
Disable function
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
Hardware Prefetcher
If this function is enabled, an automatic prefetch of the memory content anticipated
to be needed occurs when the memory bus is inactive. If the content is loaded from
the cache and not from the memory, the latency is reduced. This particularly applies
to applications with linear data access.
o With this parameter you can make performance settings for non-standard
applications. For standard applications, we recommend that the default settings
are maintained.
1. Disabled – Deactivates the hardware prefetcher of the CPU
2. Enabled – Activates the hardware prefetcher of the CPU

Adjacent Cache Line Prefetcher
Available if the processor offers a mechanism by which an adjacent 64-byte cache
line can also be loaded during each cache request. The number of hits in the cache
increases as a result in the case of applications with high spatial locality.
o With this parameter you can make performance settings for non-standard
applications. For standard applications, we recommend that the default settings
are maintained.
1. Disabled – the processor loads the requested cache line
2. Enabled – the processor loads the requested cache line and the adjacent
cache line

DCU (Data Cache Unit) Streamer Prefetcher
With this option, data content which will probably be needed is automatically preloaded into the L1 data cache when the memory bus is inactive. Because content is
called from cache instead of from memory, the latency is reduced, especially for
applications with linear data access.
o You can use this parameter to change the performance settings for nonstandard applications. We recommend that the default settings are kept for
standard applications.
1. Enabled – Enables the DCU Streamer Prefetcher function of the CPU
2. Disabled – Disables the DCU Streamer Prefetcher function of the CPU

DCU Ip (Instruction pointer-based) Prefetcher
Performance increases can be expected if code is used sequentially and in
contiguous storage.
1. Enabled – Enables the DCU Streamer Prefetch function of the CPU
2. Disabled – Disabled the DCU Streamer Prefetch function of the CPU
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
Intel Virtualisation Technology
Used to support the visualisation of platform hardware and multiple software
environments. Based on Virtual Machine Extensions (VMX), to support the
application of multiple software environments by using virtual computers. The
virtualisation technology enhances the processor support for virtualisation purposes
on the over 16-bit and 32-bit protected modes and on the Intel® Extended Memory
64 Technology (EM64T) mode.
o In active mode, a Virtual Machine Monitor (VMM) can use the
1. Disabled – a VMM cannot use the additional performance features of the
hardware
2. Enabled – a VMM can use the additional performance features of the
hardware

VT-d
VT-d (Intel Virtualization Technology for Directed I/O) is a hardware support for the
common use of I/O devices by several virtual machines. VMM systems (Virtual
Machine Monitor) can use VT-d to manage various virtual machines which access
the same physical I/O device.
1. Disabled – VT-d is disabled and is not available for the VMMs
2. Enabled – VT-d is available for the VMMs

Power Technology
Configures the CPU power management functions
1. Disabled – the CPU power management functions are disabled
2. Energy Efficient – the CPU power management functions are optimised for
energy efficiency
3. Custom – further setting options are available for the CPU power
management configuration

Enhanced SpeedStep
Specifies the voltage and frequency of the processor. EIST (Enhanced Intel
SpeedStep® Technology) is an energy-saving function.
o The processor voltage is adapted to the particular system requirements which
are needed at any one time. A reduction in the clock frequency causes the
system to require less energy.
1. Disabled – Enhanced SpeedStep functionality is disabled
2. Enabled – Enhanced speedStep functionality is enabled
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
Turbo Mode
The processor may work faster than the specified frequency when the operating
system requires the maximum performance state (P0). This function is also known
as Intel® Turbo Boost Technology.
1. Disabled – Turbo Mode is disabled
2. Enabled – Turbo Mode is enabled

Energy Performance
Energy efficiency specifications for the processor on non-legacy operating systems.
The processor receives the instruction to adapt energy consumption and
performance.
1. Performance – optimisation with respect to performance, where required at
the cost of energy efficiency
2. Balanced Performance – optimisation with respect to performance, with
good energy efficiency
3. Balanced Energy – Optimisation with respect to energy efficiency, with good
performance
4. Energy Efficient – optimisation with respect to energy efficiency, where
required at the cost of performance

P-State Coordination
Processor performance coordination model that is used to communicate with the
OS Power Management (OSPM).
1. HW_ALL – the processor hardware is responsible for the co-ordination of the
performance states of all the logical processors (recommended)
2. SW_ALL – OSPM is responsible for the co-ordination of the performance
states of all logical processors. Performance transitions must be initiated on
all logical processors (not recommended)
3. SW_ANY – OSPM is responsible for the co-ordination of the performance
states of all logical processors. Performance transitions can be initiated on
any logical processor.

CPU C3 Report
Passes the processor C3 status as ACPI-C2/C3 status to the OSPM, if this is
supported by the particular legacy operating system being used.
1. Disabled – CPU C3 is not passed to the OSPM
2. ACPI C-2 – CPU C3 is passed to the ACPI-C2 status to the OSPM
3. ACPI C-3 – CPU C3 is passed to the ACPI-C3 status to the OSPM
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
CPU C6 Report
Passes the processor C6 status as ACPI-C3 status to the OSPM to enable
Processor Deep Power Down Technology.
1. Disabled – CPU C6 is not passed as ACPI-C3 status to the OSPM
2. Enabled – CPU C6 is passed as ACPI-C3 status to the OSPM

CPU C7 Report
Passes the processor C7 status as ACPI-C3 status to the OSPM, to enable
Processor Deep Power Down Technology.
1. Disabled – CPU C7 is not passed as ACPI-C3 status to the OSPM
2. Enabled – CPU C7 is passed as ACPI-C3 status to the OSPM

Package C State Limit
Allows the C state limit of the processor to be configured.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

C0 – the C state limit is C0
C1 – the C state limit is C1
C6 – the C state limit is C6
C7 – the C state limit is C7
No Limit – Any C state can be enabled
QPI Link Frequency Select
Creates the connection between the processors. QPI links can operate at different
speeds, depending on the processors. These parameters control the speed of the
QPI links in your system.
1. Auto – the BIOS determines the maximum speed depending on the
processors in your system
o If you wish to set the speed of the QPI links manually, select another value,
provided this is supported by your system.

Frequency Floor Override
Specifies whether the processor is operated with the maximum processor
frequency, independent of the system demands. This increases I/O performance
and reduces the response times of the CPU during high power demands on the
CPU.
1. Disabled – depending on the system demands, the processor will be
operated at the maximum processor frequency
2. Enabled – the processor will always be operated at the maximum processor
frequency
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Runtime Error Logging
Opens the Runtime Error Logging submenu

ECC Memory Error Logging
Specifies whether ECC memory errors will be recognised and entered in the
SMBIOS event log.
1. Enabled – both single-bit memory errors and multi-bit memory errors will be
entered in the SMBIOS event log
2. Multi-bit Errors Only – only multi-bit memory errors will be entered in the
SMBIOS event log
3. Disabled – no memory errors will be entered into the SMBIOS event log

PCI Error Logging
Specifies whether PCI errors will be entered in the SMBIOS event log.
o To be able to recognise PCI errors, the creation of PERR# (PCI parity errors) or
SERR# (PCI system errors) must be enabled in advance in the menu PCI
Subsystem Settings.
1. Disabled – no PCI errors will be entered in the SMBIOS event log
2. Enabled – PCI errors will be entered in the SMBIOS event log
Memory Configuration
Opens the Memory Configuration submenu

DDR Performance
The memory modules can operate at various speeds (frequencies). The
performance increases with higher speeds, on the other hand the energy-saving
increases with lower speeds. The possible memory speeds are determined by the
particular memory module configuration.
1. Low-Voltage Optimised – Highest possible speed at low voltage
2. Energy Optimised – lowest possible speed, to save energy
3. Performance Optimised – Highest possible speed, for the best performance
SATA Configuration
Opens the SATA configuration submenu.

SATA Mode
Specifies in which mode the SATA ports will be operated.
1. Disabled – the SATA port is disabled
2. IDE – the SATA port is operated in IDE Mode
3. AHCI – the SATA port is operated in AHCI Mode
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
Aggressive Link Power Management
In AHCI mode, makes it possible to allow Aggressive Link Power Management
(ALPM) to save energy.
1. Disabled – ALPM is disabled
2. Enabled – ALPM is enabled

Serial ATA Controller 0
In IDE mode, defines the mode in which the SATA controller 0 will be operated.
1. Disabled – the SATA controller 0 is disabled
2. Enhanced - The resources allocated to the SATA controller 0 are not
restricted to the legacy resources. Depending on the operating system, the
performance may be higher than in compatible mode.
3. Compatible - Only pre-defined legacy resources (I/O ports, IRQ) will be
allocated to the SATA controller 0. This mode is particularly suitable for older
operating systems when the enhanced or AHCI mode is not supported.

Serial ATA Controller 1
In IDE mode, defines the mode in which the SATA controller 1 will be operated.
1. Disabled – the SATA controller 1 is disabled
2. Enhanced - The resources allocated to the SATA controller 1 are not
restricted to the legacy resources. Depending on the operating system, the
performance may be higher than in compatible mode.

Staggered Spin-Up
Reduces the electrical load during boot up of systems with multiple SATA devices.
The SATA devices run one after the other at the request of the HOST controller.
1. Disabled – staggered spin-up is disabled
2. Enabled – Staggered spin-up is enabled

External SATA Port
Specifies whether the port will be operated internally as SATA or externally as
eSATA.
1. Disabled – the port will be used internally as SATA
2. Enabled – the port will be used as external SATA (eSATA)

Hot Plug
Specifies whether hot plug support of the port is enabled.
1. Disabled – the hot plug support of the port is disabled
2. Enabled – the hot plug support of the port is enabled
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Acoustic Management Configuration
Open the submenu to set the noise level of hard disks or optical drives.

Acoustic Management
Specifies whether the functionality for setting the noise level of hard disks or optical
drives (Automatic Acoustic Management) is available.
1. Disabled – automatic acoustic management is not available
2. Enabled – automatic acoustic management is available

Acoustic Mode
Specifies the noise level of the hard disk or the optical drive. The noise level of the
drive is reduced by decreasing its rotational speed. This function must be supported
by the drive.
o If the functionality for setting the noise level ("Automatic Acoustic Management")
is disabled, the "Acoustic Mode" is "Not Available". If the functionality for setting
the noise level ("Automatic Acoustic Management") is enabled, but is not
supported by the connected SATA device, then “Acoustic Mode” is automatically
set to “Not supported”.
1. Bypass – The drive is operated with its preset speed of rotation.
2. Quiet – The drive is operated with the slowest possible speed of rotation.
The drive is operated with lower noise and limited performance.
3. Medium Performance – The drive is operated with a medium speed of
rotation. The drive is operated with reduced noise and slightly reduced
performance.
4. High Performance – The drive is operated at slightly less than the highest
possible speed of rotation.
5. Max Performance – The drive is operated at the highest possible speed of
rotation.
Intel TXT Configuration
Opens the submenu for configuring the Intel® Trusted Execution Technology (TXT).

Intel TXT Support
Enables Trusted Execution Technology (TXT) support. Intel® TXT is available if the
CPU in use supports Secure Mode Extensions (SMX), and both Virtualization
Technology (VT) and VT-d are enabled in the CPU submenu.
o Intel TXT Support must be disabled before the BIOS update of the system is
started.
1. Disabled – TXT is disabled
2. Enabled – TXT is enabled
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USB Configuration
Opens USB Configuration submenu

USB Devices
Shows the number of available USB devices, USB keyboards, USB mice and USB
hubs.

USB Legacy Support
Specifies whether legacy USB support is available. This function should always be
enabled or set to Auto so that the operating system can be booted from a USB
device if required.
1. Disabled – Legacy USB support is not available. A USB keyboard or USB
mouse can only be used if this is supported by the operating system. Booting
the operating system from a USB device is not possible.
2. Enabled – Legacy USB support is available. A USB keyboard or USB mouse
can also be used if the operating system does not support USB. Booting the
operating system from a USB device is possible.
3. Auto – Legacy USB support will be disabled if no USB devices are
connected.
o Legacy USB support should be disabled if the operating system supports USB
and you do not want to boot the operating system from USB devices.

Mass Storage Devices
List of USB Mass Storage Device(s) – Allows the user to force a particular device
emulation. When set to Auto, the devices are emulated according to their media
format. Optical drives are emulated as "CD ROM" and drives without data media
according to the drive type.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Auto – Emulation is chosen depending on the USB device
Floppy – Force USB floppy emulation
Hard Disk – force USB hard disk emulation
CD-ROM – Force USB CD-ROM emulation

USB Port Security
Opens the USB Port Security submenu to configure the USB interfaces present.

USB Port Control
Configures the use of the USB ports. Disabled USB ports are neither available
during the POST or under the operating system.
1. Enable all ports – All USB ports are enabled
2. Disable all ports – All USB ports are disabled
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3. Enable front and Internal Ports – All USB ports on the rear of the device
are disabled
4. Enable rear and internal ports – all USB ports on the front of the device are
disabled
5. Enable internal ports only – all external USB ports are disabled
6. Enable used ports – all unused USB ports are disabled

USB Device Control
There are additional options available here for some of the settings made under
USB Device Control.
1. Enable all devices – Those settings made under USB Port Control will be
used without any limitation
2. Enable Keyboard and Mouse Only – On those USB ports enabled under
USB Port Control, only a USB keyboard and a USB mouse can be used. All
ports on which there is no USB keyboard or USB mouse will be disabled.
3. Enable all devices except mass storage devices/hubs – USB ports on
which USB storage devices or USB hubs are connected will be disabled.
System Monitoring
Opens System Monitoring submenu

Controller Revision
Shows the version of the system monitoring controller.

Firmware Version
Shows the firmware version of the system monitoring controller.

Chassis Type
Displays the current chassis type.

TVC Version
Shows the TCV version (Temperature Characteristics Values).

Fan Control
Controls the speed of the fan. The preset mode can be changed depending on the
system configuration and the applications used. If the system is fully configured with
all available expansions/upgrades, then silent mode is not recommended.
1. Enhanced – The fan speed will be increased automatically so that the
maximum CPU performance is achieved.
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2. Auto – The fan speed is adjusted automatically. A compromise between
system temperature and CPU performance.
3. Disabled – All fans are operated at maximum speed.
Onboard Device Configuration
Opens the submenu to configure devices on the system board. Some of them
are only available under certain conditions.

SCU Device
Specifies whether the SAS and SATA devices installed on the Storage Controller
Unit (SCU) are available.
1. Disabled – The SAS and SATA devices installed on the SCU are not
available.
2. Enabled – The SAS and SATA devices installed on the SCU are available.


Audio Configuration
Azalia HD Audio – Allows the onboard Azalia HD audio controller to be enabled
1. Disabled – The onboard audio controller is disabled
2. Enabled – The onboard audio controller is enabled.
Front Panel Audio
Makes it possible to use a legacy front audio connector (AC97). The automatic
check of whether an audio connection is occupied is not supported with this setting.
1. High Definition – For the use of a high definition audio cable with automatic
occupancy recognition.
2. Legacy – For the use of a legacy audio cable without automatic occupancy
recognition.

High Precision Event Timer Configuration
High Precision Timer – Provided that it is enabled, the operating system is able to
make use of the High Precision Event Timer, which allows it to meet the
requirements of time-critical applications. The advanced timer is also known as the
Multimedia Timer.
1. Disabled – The High Precision Event Timer is disabled
2. Enabled – The High Precision Event Timer is enabled

LAN 1
Specifies whether the LAN 1 controller is available
1. Disabled – The LAN 1 controller is not available
2. Enabled – The LAN 1 controller is available
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
LAN 2
Specifies whether the LAN 2 controller is available
1. Disabled – The LAN 2 controller is not available
2. Enabled – The LAN 2 controller is available
#
Memory Status
Memory modules can be marked as faulty in this submenu. Faulty memory modules
are no longer used when the system is rebooted, provided at least one error-free bank
is available. The memory capacity is reduced accordingly

DIMM-xx
Shows the current status of the memory modules
1. Failed – The memory module will not be used by the system. It was
automatically disabled by the system after a memory error. If you have
replaced a defective memory module, you must reset the entry to Enabled.
2. Disabled – The memory module will not be used by the system. It was
manually disabled
3. Enabled – The system uses the memory module
4. Empty – There is no memory module present.
Super IO Configuration

Super IO Chip
Shows information about the Super IO Chip

Serial Port 0 Configuration
Opens the submenu to configure the serial port 0 (COMA)

Serial Port
Specifies whether the serial port is available
1. Disabled – the serial port is not available
2. Enabled – the serial port is available

Device Settings
Shows the base I/O address and the interrupt which is used to access the particular
serial port
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AMT Configuration
Opens the submenu to configure Intel® Active Management Technology

ME Version
Shows the current AMT/ME version

ME Subsystem
Specifies whether Intel® AMT/ME (Management Engine) is enabled
o The system properties may change if this is disabled
1. Disabled – Intel® AMT/ME is disabled
2. Enabled – Intel® AMT/ME is enabled

Unconfigure AMT/ME
If this option is enabled, an MBEx (Management Engine BIOS eXtension) query
occurs at the next reboot to establish whether the AMT/ME configuration should be
reset to the default values
1. Disabled – Do not change the AMT/ME configuration
2. Enabled – Start the reset of the AMT/ME configuration. The option is then
automatically reset to Disabled.

Execute MEBx
Specifies whether the MEBx (Management Engine BIOS eXtension) Setup
can be called during a restart
1. Disabled – The MEBx Setup cannot be called during POST
2. Enabled – The MEBx Setup can be called during POST. The message
’Press Ctrl + P to open MEBx Setup’ will be displayed during POST
Serial Port Console Redirection
The parameters for terminal communication via Serial Port Console Redirection can be
shown and set in this submenu. Some parameters are only available under certain
conditions

Console Redirection Settings (for COM0 and COM1)
Specifies the data exchange process of the host and remote system via the COM0
and COM1 ports (iAMT/SOL (Serial overLAN))
o Both systems require identical or compatible settings
o Terminal Type
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Specifies the type of terminal
Permitted values: VT100, VT100+, VT-UTF8, ANSI
The terminal type allocated will be used to transfer data to the host.
o Bits per Second
Specifies the transfer rate for communication with the host
Permitted Values: 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200
The data will be transferred to the hose at the transfer rate set
o Data Bits
Shows the number of data bits used for communication with the host
7 – seven data bits are used for the communication
8 – Eight data bits are used for the communication
o Parity
Specifies the use of parity bits for communication with the host. Parity bits are
used for error detection
None – No parity bits are used. Error detection is not possible
Even – Parity bit is 0 if the number of ones in the data bit is an even number
Odd – Parity bit is 0 if the number of ones in the data bit is an odd number
Mark – Parity bit is always 1
Space – Parity bit is always 0
o Stop Bits
Shows the number of stop bits used to indicate the end of a serial data packet
1 – one stop bit is used
2 – two stop bits are used
o Flow Control
This setting determines the transfer control over the interface
None – the interface is operated without transfer control
Hardware CTS/RTS – the transfer control is undertaken by the hardware. This
mode must also be supported by the cable
o VT-UTF8 Combo Key Support
Specifies whether VT-UTF8 combination key support for ANSI/VT100 terminals
is available
Disabled – VT-UTF8 combination key support is not available
Enabled – VT-UTF8 combination key support is available
o Recorder Mode
Specifies whether only text will be sent. This is used to capture terminal data
Disabled – recorder mode is not available
Enabled – recorder mode is available
o Resolution 100x31
Indicates whether enhanced terminal resolution is available
Disabled – enhanced terminal resolution is not available
Enabled – enhanced terminal resolution is available
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o Legacy OS Redirection Resolution
Specifies the number of lines and columns for the legacy OS redirection
80x24 – resolution 80x24 is used
80x25 – resolution 80x25 is used

Serial Port for Out-of-Band Management / Windows Emergency Management
Services (EMS)
Microsoft Windows Emergency Management Services (EMS) makes it possible to
remotely manage a Windows Server operating system.

Console Redirection for (for Out-of-Band Management / EMS)
Specifies whether a serial port for Out-of-Band Management / Windows Emergency
Management Services (EMS) is available
1. Disabled – EMS is not available
2. Enabled – EMS is available

Console Redirection Settings (for Out-of-Band Management / EMS)
o Out-of-Band Mgmt Port
Assigns a serial port for Out-of-Band Management
COM0 (Disabled) – Port COM0 will be used for Out-of-Band management
COM1 (PCI Dev0, Func0) (Disabled) – Port COM1 will be used for Out-of-Band
Management
o Terminal Type
Specifies the type of terminal
Permitted Values: VT100, VT100+, VT-UTF8, ANSI
The terminal type allocated will be used to transfer data to the host
o Bits per Second
Specifies the transfer rate for communication with the host
Permitted values: 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200
The data will be transferred to the host at the transfer rate set
o Flow Control
This setting determines the transfer control over the interface
None – the interface is operated without transfer control
Hardware CTS/RTS – the transfer control is undertaken by the hardware. This
mode must also be supported by the cable
Software Xon/Xoff – the interface transfer control is undertaken by the software
o Data Bits
Shows the number of data bits used to communicate with the host
o Parity
Specifies the use of parity bits for communication with the host
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o Stop Bits
Shows the number of stop bits used to indicate the end of a serial data packet
Option Rom Configuration
Calls the Option ROM Configuration submenu

Launch Slot n OpROM
Specifies whether Option ROMs for expansion cards which are plugged into this slot
should be started
1. Disabled – Do not start any Option ROMs for expansion cards in this slot
2. Enabled – Start Option ROMs for expansion cards in this slot
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Security Settings
The AMI BIOS provides an Administrator and a User password. If you use both
passwords, the Administrator password must be set first.
Figure 30: Security Settings

Administrator Password
If you press the enter key, a window will open in which you can assign the
administrator password. Enter a character string to define the password. If you
confirm an empty password field, the password will be deleted
o To call up the complete BIOS Setup, you need the administrator level of access.
If an administrator password is allocated, the user password only allows very
limited access to the BIOS Setup

User Password
If you press the enter key, a window will open in which you can assign the user
password. Enter a character string to define the password. With the user password,
you can prevent unauthorised access to your system
o In order to be able to assign a user password, an administrator password must
already have been assigned
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
User Password on Boot
Specifies whether a user password must be entered before the boot process
1. On Every Boot – Entry of a user password is required before every boot
process
2. Disabled – the system starts without requiring the entry of a user password
o If the administrator password and the user password have been assigned and
the setting Disabled has been chosen for this item, simply press Enter to get
USER access to the BIOS Setup. In this case the user password does not have
to be entered

Cabinet Monitoring
Specifies whether opening of the casing should be monitored
1. Disabled – The system continues to operate normally even if the casing has
been opened
2. Enabled – If the casing has been opened, then the boot process is
suspended until the BIOS Setup is called. If the BIOS Setup is protected with
a password, then this must be entered. An SMBIOS event log entry will be
generated

Skip Password on WOL
Specifies whether a user password will be skipped or must be entered during a
system boot via Wake on LAN
1. Disabled – The user password must be entered via using the keyboard
during the system boot.
2. Enabled – The user password is deactivated during the system boot with
Wake On LAN

Flash Write
Supplies the system BIOS with write protection
1. Disabled – The system BIOS cannot be written. A flash BIOS update is not
possible
2. Enabled – The system BIOS can be written. A flash BIOS update is possible
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
Smartcard SystemLock
With SystemLock (Smartcard Pre-boot Authentication - PBA), the PC can only be
started with an initialised Smartcard and personal identification number (PIN).
Smartcard and PIN are already checked during system booting in the BIOS, i.e.
before the operating system is booted.
The OS application SystemLock Manager is used to initialise the Smartcard(s).
Systems without the menu item Smart Card System Lock do not support the
SystemLock function
o Settings in the Smartcard SystemLock menu can only be changed with an
Admin Smartcard
o If the Smartcard is defective or unavailable, the user can get authorisation for a
boot process either from the local administrator or from the Fujitsu Service Desk

Uninstall SystemLock
Uninstalls the Smartcard Security function
o To reinstall SystemLock it will be necessary to reinitialise your Smartcards


No – Smarcard Security is not uninstalled
Yes – Smartcard Security is disabled during the next boot process

Single Sign On
The Single Sign On function allows the BIOS to communicate with a different
application during logon to the operating system, in order to determine the
Smartcard access rights.
1. Disabled – Single Sign On is not available
2. Enabled – Single Sign On is available

Smartcard & PIN
Determines whether an authorised Smartcard is needed for access to the system
1. Always Required – An authorised Smartcard is needed to access the
system
2. Ignore on WOL – If the Wakeup On LAN function is enabled, the Smartcard
Security function is bypassed
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
Unblock Smartcard
To assign a new PIN if the PIN is not known or the Smartcard is blocked
o The Smartcard becomes blocked after 3 incorrect attempts to enter the PIN, and
it will be blocked permanently after 10 incorrect attempts to enter the PUK.
Please note that the default PIN and PUK for a new Smartcard is always
12345678. This PIN/PUK must be changed for security reasons
1. Prohibited – No new PIN can be assigned
2. Allowed – A new PIN can be assigned
Power Settings

Power On Source
Specifies whether the switch-on sources for the system are managed via BIOS or
via an ACPI operating system
1. BIOS Controlled – the switch-on sources are managed via BIOS
2. ACPI Controlled – the switch-on sources are managed via the ACPI
operating system

Low Power Soft Off
Reduces the energy consumption of a system which is switched off
o When Low Power Soft Off is enabled, the system can only be switched on
with the power button on the casing. The device cannot be switched on using
the power button of a USB keyboard or a Wake-on-LAN signal
1. Disabled – Low Power Soft Off is disabled
2. Enabled – Low Power Soft Off is enabled

Power Failure Recovery – System status after power failure
Specifies how the system behaves during a reboot following a power failure
1. Always Off – The system switches on briefly, performs a status check
(initialisation), and then switches off
2. Always On – The system switches on
3. Previous State – The system switches on briefly, performs a status check,
and then returns the mode it was in before the power failure occurred (ON or
OFF).
4. Disabled – The system does not switch on
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
Hibernate like Soft Off
In order to also reduce the energy consumption in hibernate mode (S4), when the
system is switched off it will be brought into Low Power Soft Off or Zero Watt mode
(S5). The energy consumption will only reduce if Low Power Soft Off or Zero Watt
mode is enabled
1. Disabled – The system will be brought into hibernate mode (S4).
2. Enabled – Instead of going into hibernate mode (S4), the system will be
brought into Low Power Soft Off or Zero Watt mode (S5).

USB at Power Off
Enables/disables the power supply for the USB ports. This option is only available if
Low Power Soft Off and Zero Watt mode are disabled
1. Always Off – The USB ports are no longer supplied with power after the
system is shut down
2. Always On – The USB ports continue to be supplied with power after the
system is shut down

Wake-Up Resources
This submenu is only available if neither Zero-Watt mode nor Low Power Soft Off is
enabled

LAN
Determines whether the system can be switched on via a LAN controller (on the
system board or expansion card).
1. Enabled – The system can be switched on via a LAN controller
2. Disabled – The system cannot be switched on via a LAN controller

Wake on LAN Boot
Specifies the system behaviour when switched on by means of network signals
1. Boot Sequence – After being switched on via the LAN, the system boots up
according to the device sequence specified in the boot menu
2. Force LAN Boot – After being switched on via the LAN, the system is
booted remotely via the LAN.

Wake Up Timer
The time at which the system should be switched on can be specified here
1. Disabled – Wake Up Timer is not enabled
2. Enabled – Wake Up Timer is enabled. The system is switched on at the time
specified.
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
Wake Up Mode
Specifies whether the system should be switched on daily or only once a month at
the specified time.
1. Daily – The system will be switched on daily at the time specified
2. Monthly – The system will be switched on once a month at the time
specified

Wake Up Day
Specifies the day of the month on which the system is to be switched on. Permitted
values are 1-31

USB Keyboard
Specifies whether the system can be switched on via the network key of a USB
keyboard, if the keyboard supports this function
o Switching on the system via a USB keyboard is only available if USB At
Power-Off is set to Always On
1. Disabled – The network key of the USB keyboard is disabled
2. Enabled – The network key of the USB keyboard is enabled
Event Logs – Configure and Display of the Event Log

SMBIOS Event Log
Specifies whether the SMBIOS event log is enabled
1. Disabled – The SMBIOS event log is disabled
2. Enabled – The SMBIOS event log is enabled

Erase Event Log
Specifies whether the SMBIOS event log should be deleted
1. No – The SMBIOS event log will not be deleted
2. Yes, Next Reset – The SMBIOS event Log is deleted once during the next
system boot up. Afterwards, this option is automatically reset to No
3. Yes, Every Reset – The SMBIOS event log is deleted every time the system
is booted

When Log is Full
Specifies the course of action to be taken when the SMBIOS event log is full
1. Do Nothing – When the SMBIOS event log is full, no further entries are
added. The SMBIOS event log must first be deleted before new entries can
be added
2. Erase Immediately – When the SMBIOS event log is full, it will be erased
immediately. All existing entries will be deleted!
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
Log Full Boot Event
Specifies whether every boot of the system is logged in the SMBIOS event log
1. Disabled – System boots are not recorded in the SMBIOS event log
2. Enabled – All system boots are recorded in the SMBIOS event log

MECI
Multiple Event Count Increment: the number of double events which must occur
before the multiple event counter is updated, including the associated log entry. The
value is in the range between 1 and 255.

METW
Multiple Event Time Window: the number of minutes which must elapse between
double event logs which use a multiple event counter. The value is in the range
between 0 to 99 minutes.

Log OEM Codes
Enables or disables the log function of EFI codes as OEM codes (if not already
legacy converted)

Convert OEM Codes
Enabling or disabling the conversion of EFI status codes to standard SMBIOS types
(not all may be translated).

View SMBIOS Event Log
Opens the submenu to show all SMBIOS event log entries present
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Boot Configuration Menu
Use this menu to configure boot settings.
Figure 31: Boot Configuration Menu

Boot NumLock State
The setting of the NumLock function after a system boot is provided here. NumLock
controls the functionality of the numeric keypad
1. On – NumLock is enabled, the numeric keypad can be used
2. Off – NumLock is disabled, the numeric keypad keys can be used to control
the cursor
o The Num indicator light on your keyboard shows the current boot up NumLock
state. The Num key on the keyboard can be used to toggle between ON and
OFF.

Quiet Boot
The boot logo is shown on the screen instead of the POST boot up information
1. Enabled – The boot logo is displayed
2. Disabled – The POST boot up information is shown on the screen
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
Option ROM Messages
Specifies whether Option ROM messages will be displayed during POST
1. Force BIOS – Option ROM messages will be displayed during POST
2. Keep Current – Option ROM messages will NOT be displayed during POST

POST Errors
Specifies whether the system boot process aborts and the system is stopped when
an error is detected
1. Disabled – The system boot is not aborted. The error will be ignored, as far
as this is possible
2. Enabled – If an error is detected during POST, the boot process is aborted
and the system stopped.

Remove Invalid Boot Options
Specifies whether UEFI boot settings for devices which are no longer connected to
the system should be removed from the boot options priorities list.
1. Disabled – UEFI boot settings are not removed from the boot options
priorities list
2. Enabled – UEFI boot settings are removed from the boot options priorities
list.

Primary Display
Specifies which plug-in graphics card acts as the image source during the Power
On Self Test (POST)
1. Slot n – Select the plug-in graphics card slot which should be used as the
image source during POST

Boot Removable Media
Specifies whether booting via a removable data storage device such as a USB stick
is supported
1. Disabled – Booting via a removable data storage device is disabled
2. Enabled – Booting via a removable data storage device is enabled
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
Virus Warning
Checks the boot sectors of the hard disks for changes since the last system boot. If
the boot sectors have been changed without any apparent reason, a suitable virus
detection program should be run.
1. Disabled – The boot sectors will not be checked
2. Enabled – If the boot sector has been changed since the last system boot
(e.g. new operating system or a virus attack), a warning notice is displayed.
The warning notice remains on the screen until you confirm the changes by
going into BIOS Setup and setting this item to Confirm or disable the function
3. Confirm – Confirm a required change to a boot sector (e.g. new operating
system)

Boot Option Priorities
Displays the current boot sequence
o Use the cursor keys to select the device whose boot sequence you would
like to change.
o To increase the priority for the selected device, press the + key. To decrease
the priority, press the – key
o To remove the selected device from the boot sequence, press the Enter key
and select Disabled. If one or more devices have been disabled, the last
entry in the boot sequence is set to Disabled
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Save & Exit Menu – Finish BIOS Setup
Select the Exit tab from the AMI BIOS Setup Utility screen to enter the Exit BIOS Setup
screen.
Figure 32: Save & Exit Menu

Save Changes and Exit
To save the current entries in the menus and exit the BIOS Setup, select Save
Changes and Exit and then Yes. The new settings become effective and POST
continues, provided a reboot is not necessary due to a changed option

Discard Changes and Exit – Quit without Saving
To discard the changes made since calling up the BIOS Setup or since the last time
the function "Save Changes" was called, select Discard Changes & Exit and Yes.
BIOS Setup is terminated and POST continues.

Save Changes and Reset
To save the current entries in the menus and exit BIOS Setup, select Save
Changes and Reset and Yes. The system reboots and the new settings take effect
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
Discard Changes and Reset
To discard the changes made since calling up the BIOS Setup or since the last time
the function "Save Changes" was called, select Discard Changes and Reset and
Yes. BIOS Setup is closed and the system reboots

Save Changes
To save the changes made so far without leaving BIOS Setup, select Save
Changes and Yes

Discard Changes
To discard the changes made since calling the BIOS Setup or since the last time
the function "Save Changes" was called, but without leaving the BIOS Setup, select
Save Changes and Yes

Restore Defaults
To reset all the menus of the BIOS setup to the default values, select Restore
Defaults and Yes. If you wish to leave the BIOS Setup with these settings, select
Save Changes and Exit and Yes

Save as User Defaults
To save the changes made so far as user default settings, select Save as User
Defaults and Yes

Restore User Defaults
To reset all the menus of the BIOS Setup to the user default settings, select Restore
User Defaults and Yes. If you wish to leave the BIOS Setup with these settings,
select Save Changes and Exit and Yes

Boot Override
Use the cursor keys to select the drive from which the operating system should be
booted. Press the Enter key to start the boot process from the selected drive
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Chapter 5: BIOS Recovery
Warning!
Do not upgrade the BIOS unless your system has a BIOS-related issue. Flashing the
wrong BIOS can cause irreparable damage to the system. In no event shall Viglen be
liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising from a
BIOS update. If you need to update the BIOS, do not shut down or reset the system
while the BIOS is updating. This is to avoid possible boot failure.
How to Recover the AMIBIOS Image (The Main BIOS Block)
An AMIBIOS flash chip consists of a boot sector block, and a main BIOS code block (a
main BIOS image). The boot sector block contains critical BIOS code, including
memory detection and recovery code to be used to flash a new BIOS image if the
original BIOS Image is corrupted. When the system is powered on, the boot sector
code executes first. Once it is completed, the main BIOS code will continue with system
initialization and complete the bootup process.
Notes:
BIOS Recovery described below is used when the main BIOS block crashes. However,
when the BIOS Boot sector crashes, you will need to send the Motherboard back to
Viglen for RMA repairs.
Flash Memory Recovery Update
This Flash Memory Recovery Update feature allows the user to recover a BIOS image
using a USB device without additional utilities needed. A user can download the BIOS
image to a USB flash device and perform BIOS recovery using the following procedure:

Recovery Update Procedure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Have a bootable USB stick ready
Switch off the system and unplug it from the mains supply
Open the casing and enable Recovery using the jumper / DIP switch on the system board
Connect the system to the mains supply again and switch it on
Use cd DOS to change directory, launch BIOS Recovery Update with the command
necessary command and follow any further instructions
After the Recovery process has finished, switch off the system and disconnect it from the
mains supply
Remove the USB stick
For all jumpers / DIP switches which were changed, return them to their original positions
Connect the system to the mains supply again and switch it on
The system will now boot up with the new version of BIOS
Check the settings in the BIOS Setup. If necessary, configure the settings once again
For additional help refer to readme.txt (included in download package)
CAUTION!!
Do not shut down or reset the system during BIOS Recovery. Doing so may
cause permanent damage to the motherboard
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Chapter 6: Glossary
Advanced Dynamic Execution
Part of the Xeon processor's Intel® NetBurst® micro-architecture. Improved branch
prediction algorithm accelerates the flow of work to the processor and helps overcome
the deeper pipeline. Very deep, out-of-order speculative execution allows the processor
to view 126 instructions in flight and handle up to 48 loads and 24 stores in the pipeline.
A 4 KB branch target buffer stores more detail on the history of past branches, reducing
inaccurate branch predictions by roughly 33% (when compared to P6 microarchitecture).
Advance Transfer Cache (Level 2 Advance Transfer Cache)
The 256 KB Level 2 Advance Transfer Cache (ATC) delivers a much higher data
throughput channel between the Level 2 cache and the processor core. 512 KB L2
Advance Transfer Cache is available on 0.13 micron technology Pentium® 4
processors, while 0.18 micron technology Pentium 4 processors utilise a 256 KB L2
Advance Transfer Cache. Features of the ATC include: Non-Blocking, full speed, ondie level 2 cache, 8-way set association, 512-bit or 256-bit data bus to the level 2
cache, data clocked into and out of the cache every clock cycle.
BIOS
(Basic Input Output System) This is software stored on a chip and consists of the
instructions necessary for the computer to function. The System BIOS contains the
instructions for the keyboard, disk drives etc., and the VGA BIOS controls the VGA
graphics card.
CPU
Central Processing Unit. This is the main piece of equipment on the Motherboard. The
CPU processes data, tells memory what to store and the video card what to display.
Default
The configuration of the system when it is switched on or the standard settings before
any changes are made.
DIMM
Dual In-Line Memory Module, a type of memory module used for the systems main
memory.
Driver
A piece of software which is used by application software to control some special
features. Each graphics board and printer requires its own driver.
D-Type
A common type of connector used for connecting printers, serial ports, game port, and
many other types of interface.
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DRAM
Dynamic Ram used for main system memory, providing a moderately fast but cheap
storage solution.
Enhanced Floating Point and Multimedia Unit
Part of the Pentium® 4 processor's Intel® NetBurst® micro-architecture. An expanded
128-bit floating point register and an additional register for data movement improves
performance on floating-point and multimedia applications.
Execution Trace Cache (Level 1 Execution Trace Cache)
Part of the Pentium® 4 processor's Intel® NetBurst® micro-architecture. In addition to
the 8 KB data cache, the Pentium 4 processor includes an Execution Trace Cache that
stores up to 12 K decoded micro-ops in the order of program execution. This increases
performance by removing the decoder from the main execution loop and makes more
efficient usage of the cache storage space since instructions that are branched around
are not stored. As a result, a high volume of instructions are delivered to the
processor's execution units and the overall time required to recover from erroneous
branch predictions is decreased.
FDC
Floppy Disk Controller - the interface for connecting floppy disk drives to the computer.
Hercules
A monochrome graphics video mode which first appeared in the Hercules graphics
card. Provides a resolution of 720 by 348 pixels.
Hyper-Pipelined Technology
Part of the Pentium® 4 processor's Intel® NetBurst® micro-architecture. Hyperpipelined technology doubles the pipeline depth of the Pentium® III processor's P6
micro-architecture, increasing the branch prediction and recovery pipeline to 20 stages.
The deeper pipeline enables instructions to be queued and executed at the fastestpossible rate, increasing performance, frequency, and scalability.
IDE
Integrated Drive Electronics - currently the most popular type of interface for hard disk
drives. Much of the circuitry previously required on hard disk controller cards is now
integrated on the hard disk itself.
Interface
The electronics providing a connection between two pieces of equipment. For example,
a printer interface connects a computer to a printer.
Interlace
The mode the graphics card uses to refresh a monitor screen. When the graphics is in
interlace mode, the frequency of the display update is lower than in non-interlace
mode. This causes a slight flicker, so generally non-interlaced mode is better if the
monitor supports it.
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Internet Streaming SIMD Extensions
Consists of 70 instructions and includes single instruction, multiple data for floatingpoint, additional SIMD-integer and cache ability control instructions. Benefits include
higher resolution image viewing and manipulation, high quality audio, MPEG2 video,
and simultaneous MPEG2 encoding and decoding, reduced CPU utilisation for speech
recognition, and higher accuracy and faster response times
L.E.D.
Light Emitting Diode - a light which indicates activity - for example hard disk access.
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect)
Developed by Intel, PCI is a local bus standard. A bus is a channel used to transfer
data to (input) and from (output) a computer and to or from a peripheral device. Most
PCs have a PCI bus usually implemented at 32-bits providing a 33 MHz clock speed
with a throughput rate of 133 MBps.
NetBurst® micro-architecture (Intel NetBurst® micro-architecture)
The NetBurst® micro-architecture delivers a number of new and innovative features
including Hyper Pipelined Technology, 400 MHz System Bus, Execution Trace Cache,
and Rapid Execution Engine. It also delivers a number of enhanced features, including
Advanced Transfer Cache, Advanced Dynamic Execution, Enhanced Floating Point
and Multimedia Unit, and Streaming SIMD Extensions 2.
Intel NetBurst®
Microarchitecture provides higher throughput within the processor and out to memory
and I/O for improved headroom.
PCI
Peripheral Component Interface. It became apparent to manufacturers that the 8MHz
AT ISA BUS on the standard PC was just not fast enough for today's applications, and
so PCI was invented. It is a high speed data bus that carries information to and from
components - known as 'Local Bus'.
PCI-X
The 64-bit PCI-X interface (PCI-X 1.0a) can be operated at 133 MHz, (or at 100 MHz
and 66 MHz) which achieves a greater than two-fold boost in performance over PCI 2.2
bus technology. The 133 MHz PCI-X interface achieves up to 1 GB/s throughput, a
two-fold increase over 66 MHz PCI 2.2.
PCI-Express
PCI Express is a 3rd generation I/O architecture where ISA and PCI were respectively
the 1st and 2nd generations. A high-speed, general-purpose serial I/O interconnect,
PCI Express will initially offers speeds of 2.5 Gigabits per second, support multiple
widths ("lanes" of data that range from 1 to 32), and scale to the limits of copper. PCI
Express will unify I/O architecture for desktop, mobile, server, communications
platforms, workstations and embedded devices while also coexisting with PCI and USB
connection types
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RAM
Random Access Memory - the memory used by the computer for running programs
and storing data.
ROM
Read Only Memory - a memory chip which doesn't lose its data when the system is
switched off. It is used to store the System BIOS and VGA BIOS instructions. It is
slower than RAM.
Rapid Execution Engine
Part of the Pentium® 4 processor's Intel® NetBurst® micro-architecture. Two
Arithmetic Logic Units (ALUs) are clocked at twice the core processor frequency,
allowing basic integer instructions such as Add, Subtract, Logical AND, and Logical OR
to execute in half of a clock cycle. For example, the Rapid Execution Engine on a 1.50
GHz Pentium 4 processor runs at 3 GHz.
S-ATA (Serial ATA)
Serial ATA is the next-generation internal storage interconnect designed to replace
Parallel ATA technology. Serial ATA is the proactive evolution of the ATA interface from
a parallel bus to a serial bus architecture. This architecture overcomes many design
and usage constraints that are increasing the difficulty of continued speed
enhancements for the classic parallel ATA bus. Serial ATA will be introduced at
150Mbytes/sec, with a roadmap already planned through 600Mbytes/sec.
Shadow Memory
The BIOS is normally stored in ROM. On certain systems it can be copied to RAM on
power up to make it go faster. This RAM is known as shadow memory. The System
BIOS is responsible for this copying.
SSE (Streaming SIMD Extensions)
Internet Streaming SIMD (Single Instruction Multiple Data) Extensions are instructions
that reduce the overall number of instructions required to execute a particular program
task. As a result, they can boost performance by accelerating a broad range of
applications, including video, speech, and image, photo processing, encryption,
financial, engineering and scientific applications. NetBurst® micro-architecture adds
144 new SSE instructions, which are known as SSE2.
Streaming SIMD Extensions 3
Better multimedia and encryption/decryption processing than previous generations,
along with support for more computationally intensive graphics.
Super VGA
Additional screen modes and capabilities provided over and above the standard VGA
defined by IBM.
VGA
Video Graphics Array - the graphics standard defined by IBM and provided on IBM's
PS/2 machines.
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Notes
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Chapter 7: Suggestions
Viglen is interested in continuing to improve the quality and information provided in their
manuals. Viglen has listed some questions that you may like to answer and return to
Viglen. This will help Viglen help to keep and improve the standard of their manuals.
1. Is the information provided in this and other manuals clear enough?
2. What could be added to the manual to improve it?
3. Does the manual go into enough detail?
4. Would you like an on-line version of this manual?
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5. How do you rate the Viglen Technical support and Service Departments?
6. Are there any technological improvements that could be made to the system?
7. Other points you would like to mention?
Please return this slip to:
Product Development Dept.
XMA Ltd
7 Handley Page Way
Colney Street
St Albans
Hertfordshire
AL2 2DQ
Vig451J Motherboard Manual
100
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