FLS 3D
FORWARD LOOKING SONAR
INSTRUCTIONS
We hope you enjoy using your EchoPilot 3D
WE ARE ALWAYS PLEASED TO TALK TO OUR CUSTOMERS.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. No part of this document may be
reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without
the express written permission of Daniamant Electronics A/S.
Copyright © 2017 by Daniamant Eletronics A/S. All rights reserved.
Protected by USA Patent 5530680 and European (UK) Patent 0624253
Author: Chris Phillips
Last Updated: 06.10.2017 (Johnny Christensen)
For up to date information and advice, please telephone, browse our Website, or send
us an E-Mail.
e-mail: sales@echopilot.com
website: www.echopilot.com
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FLS 3D Instruction Manual
DANIAMANT ELECTRONICS A/S
Industrivej 24C,
3550 Slangerup, Denmark
Telephone: 0045 47373800
E-Mail: sales@echopilot.com /
service@echopilot.com
Webpage: www.echopilot.com
FLS 3D Instruction Manual
1
(notes)
Thank you for purchasing this Echopilot instrument.
Your new EchoPilot instrument has been manufactured to the highest standards by
the dedicated staff of a company with many years of experience in marine electronics.
You have invested in the most up to date technology available and in a product
rigorously tested in the laboratory and at sea.
All goods of our manufacture are backed by a 2 year warranty. Expert advice and
guidance is always available by Telephone or mail - just ask for customer service.
Nobody enjoys reading manuals, but please continue to read this one! Installing
your instrument correctly is vital to get the maximum performance, pleasure
and safety from your equipment, so please take the time to read the instructions.
Please observe the following warnings:
Please do not cut the transducer cables - they are fine multi-core cable matched to
the transducer.
Please do not remove the transducer plug from its cable - if a hole is too small
make the hole bigger! Any join in the cable will reduce sensitivity / performance.
Disclaimer
Echopilot makes no warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of
data that is included or may be downloaded or used in connection
with this product, and EchoPilot disclaims any and all express,
implied or statutory warranties including the implied warranty of
merchantability and implied warranty of fitness for a particular
purpose. It is the user’s responsibility to use this product
prudently. This product is intended to be used only as a secondary
aid to navigation and must not be used for any purpose requiring
precise measurement of distance, depth, location, or topography.
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FLS 3D Instruction Manual
FLS 3D Instruction Manual
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(notes)
Contents
Operating Instructions
4
Setup Instructions
6
How FLS Technology Works
7
Some Guidance on Use
8
Installation Instructions
10
Wiring Overview
Transducer Installation
Transducer Interface Installation
Visual Processor Installation
Keypad Installation
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12
13
15
18
Technical Specifications
19
Fault Finding
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FLS 3D Instruction Manual
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FLS 3D Operating Instructions
FLS 3D - Fault Finding
Operation:
The display seems to be unstable or jumpy:-
Your EchoPilot 3D forward sonar is designed to be simple to operate and easy to interpret, though practice always helps with understanding any new instrument on a
boat. The 3D looks under the water up to 200 metres ahead of the vessel. The distance ahead that the 3D FLS sees depends on the depth of water below the boat and
the laws of physics .The transmit ‘ping’ radiates at all angles down and out from the
vessel, hits the sea bed and some of it is returned to the transducer’s receivers.
•
As the ‘ping’ travels further away from the boat, it hits the sea bed at an increasingly
acute angle. At a certain point the angle will be so acute that the ‘ping’ is not
returned, and the sea bed information is lost - this determines the maximum view
ahead, though often 10 to 20 times depth ahead.
In the horizontal plane the 3D covers an area about 30 degrees either side of the
centre line of the boat or 60 degrees overall.
Calibration in degrees can be seen on the display. In the vertical plane the 3D can
see from under the transducers to the sea surface ahead. The depth colour scale on the
right hand side of the screen shows red for the shallowest readings, through the colours of the rainbow up to dark blue for the deepest readings.
All depths shown are the depths below the sea surface. Depth contour lines are
shown on the display to assist interpretation.
•
•
The FLS 3D is a "Real Time Sonar" not a historical recording like a fish finder, so some pings will come back and some will miss. It updates about once a
second and two successive pictures will rarely be exactly the same. This can
give an uneasy picture.
We recommend, to test out in open water with the boat moving gently through
the water.
Please check the videos on the website for reference
To Switch on:
To switch on the EchoPilot 3D press the power button. There is a five second delay
between pressing the button and the LED on the keypad illuminating. Shortly after
the LED is lit the display will show the EchoPilot logo. From this point the system
will take approximately 30 seconds to boot.
The system will boot straight into the EchoPilot 3D user interface, set to the 40m
range and will start working straight away.
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FLS 3D - Fault Finding
FLS 3D Operating Instructions
Some Common Faults
To Switch off:
Display doesn’t switch on (no display)
•
Battery not connected
•
Battery voltage too low
To switch off the EchoPilot 3D press the power button. The Echopilot logo will appear and a message saying “shutting down” will appear. The shut down takes approximately 10 seconds. Once the system is off the display will become blank and the
LED on the keypad will turn off.
It is also possible to execute a forced shut down of the system by pressing and
holding the power button for three seconds. This is bad practice and should only be
done in emergency situations where sonar blackout is required immediately.
My 3D has no coms. (red cross):-
•
•
•
Check that the coms port is set to com1 (within menu)
Check power to the transducer interface
Check com cable
Poor seabed picture or excessive noise:-
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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Suitable range not selected (try to fill screen with seabed)
Poor connection of transducer
Battery voltage low - use Test Mode to check Tx voltage
Transducer mounted at an angle
Turbulence at transducer location
Interference from other 200KHz sounders (same boat or other boats)
Turbulence/wake from other boats
Polluted water or Plankton bloom (usually early summer)
Dirty transducer/covered with barnacles
Choppy sea state - can cause surface noise
FLS 3D Instruction Manual
To Change Range:
To change range use the up and down keys on the Keypad. Use the up key to increase
the range and the down key to decrease the range. If you press the up or down key
several times it will jump instantly to the required range. For example if you are on
the 40m range and you press the up key three times the range will jump instantly to
the 100m range.
Range settings:
40m, 60m, 80m, 100m, 150m, 200m
FLS 3D Instruction Manual
5
FLS 3D Setup Instructions
Settings Menu:
FLS 3D Technical Specifications
Specification
FLS 3D
Voltage
12v or 24v DC
Current Consumption
N/A
Operating frequency
200 kHz
LCD type
N/A
Units
Viewing Area
3rd part dependent
This value can be set to either metres or feet.
Forward Range
20 to 200 metres
Maximum Depth Range
10 to 100 metres
Display Update
Rates
1-2 updates / sec
Built-in Test Facility
Yes
Repeater Option
Yes
Alarm
Shallow
Transducers
FLS 3D Starboard and Port
In order to access the settings menu press the menu button. The left/right keys move
between the settings. The up/down keys change the values of the current setting. The
enter key saves the changes to the settings and closes the settings screen.
Com Port
This value should be set to COM 1.
Bow offset
This value should be set to the distance that the transducer is set back from the bow.
Depth Below Waterline
This value should be set to depth that the transducer is below the waterline.
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FLS 3D Instruction Manual
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FLS 3D Installation Instructions
How FLS Technology Works
Keypad Installation
Sonar Beam
The waterproof keypad plugs into the visual processor as explained on the previous
page.
The transducer has a horizontal beam of 60 degrees (port to starboard).
The EchoPilot 3D is a unique and patented invention. It can see through a full arc of
90 degrees, from straight ahead to straight down.
The keypad should be mounted as near as possible to the display which the EchoPilot
3D is being shown.
The keypad has been designed for panel mounting. It is provided with a stainless steel
mounting bracket, two plastic m6 studs and two m6 plastic nuts.
Once you have decided on the best position for the keypad (making sure that the cable reaches the visual processor), cut out a rectangular hole measuring 103mm x
161mm. Place the keypad into the cut out with the m6 studs already screwed into the
threaded holes in the back of the keypad (you may also wish to seal with a small
amount of suitable sealant). Place the stainless steel bracket on the studs and tighten
with the plastic nuts. Do not over tighten the mounting nuts.
Distance Ahead
The distance ahead that the FLS can see depends on the depth of water below the
vessel, and the laws of physics. The transmit ‘ping’ radiates at all angles down and
out from the vessel, hits the seabed and some of it is returned to the transducer’s
receivers.
As the ‘ping’ travels further away from the boat, it hits the sea bed at an increasingly
acute angle. At a certain point the angle will be so acute that the ‘ping’ is not
returned, and the seabed information is lost - this determines the maximum view
ahead.
When on a flat muddy bottom (e.g. river or estuary) the FLS will show the seabed up
to ten times the depth away from the boat. This ratio increases if the seabed shoals
upward. Rocky bottoms are better targets than muddy ones, and hard vertical surfaces
like quay walls, rocks or coral reefs will often be seen at considerable distances.
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FLS 3D Instruction Manual
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Some Guidance on Use
FLS 3D Installation Instructions
Visual Processor Installation
Practice
When learning to interpret the screen practise with clear targets, e.g. a quay wall. Try
moving around an obstruction very gently to see what the maximum range is that
different targets become visible.
The visual processor will require four mounting screws or bolts which will go
through the mounting brackets. We advise the use of stainless steel fixings.
As shown on the diagram below the spacing for the fixings is 212 mm x 128mm.
!!!!! WARNING !!!!!
If approaching a target select a range longer than you think you need. Most people
(including us!) seriously underestimate distances to quays, buoys, walls etc.
Note that going astern can push turbulence past the transducer reducing sensitivity or
sometimes obliterating all the picture so take care! Manoeuvre with the minimum
use of astern (reverse) power, especially with the propeller (on twin screw vessels) on
the side of the transducer.
Turbulence from other vessels, especially in shallow water can also adversely affect
performance. Algae (normally in spring), Plankton and pollution can all show up as
‘noise’ on the LCD screen.
Operating the FLS 3D at Speed
Ultrasonic signals travel well through solids and liquids but are greatly attenuated in
air. It follows that a stream of turbulence and air bubbles will limit the performance
of the FLS system, or any depth system for that matter. However, if a place can be
found on the hull where there is a clear flow of water, then good results can be
obtained even at speed.
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FLS 3D Instruction Manual
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FLS 3D Installation Instructions
FLS 3D Installation Instructions
Visual Processor Installation
Transducer Installation
The visual processor has two display output options. These are HDMI and VGA.
The HDMI and the VGA outputs will provide high quality pictures and are the advisable outputs to use.
The choice of transducer position will have a major effect on final performance so
please consider carefully all factors and if in any doubt, telephone the factory.
The transducers should be mounted vertically, equidistant from the centreline. They
must also be the same distance from the bow. Take great care to mount the transducers with the brass arrows on top pointing straight forward in the sailing direction.
Fairings, pads, tapered washers may be required during the fitting of the transducers.
Consideration must also be paid to access for maintenance.
Do not fit downstream of any other through hull fittings (for example intakes, log,
toilet sea cocks etc) and choose a location with good access for withdrawing the
transducer for cleaning.
The VGA output which can be found on the rear panel of the visual processor should
be plugged into the position shown on the diagram above. Once inserted tighten the
two locating bolts on the plug, this ensures that the plug cannot work loose through
vibration. This cable is then connected to the relevant display.
The transducer should ideally be vertical in the fore and aft plane at running trim. If it
leans forward the seabed will appear to slope up, and if it rakes aft then a degree of
surface clutter may show.
Sonar cannot see around corners so before installing stand under the boat with your
head near the proposed position and check that you can see from your toes up to
above the horizontal ahead. If the boat has a full or deep forefoot and is shallow aft a
forward mounted transducer maybe necessary.
Each transducer is tuned to work with its own cable, as such the cable must not be cut
and the plug must not be removed. If it does not reach then move the location of the
transducer interface or contact us.
NEVER CUT THE TRANSDUCER CABLE
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FLS 3D Installation Instructions
FLS 3D Installation Instructions
Transducer Installation
Visual Processor Installation
The visual processor is based on a pc. As such it should be mounted in a protected
location. However it should still be accessible so that upgrades can be made, by
means of inserting a usb dongle.
Sailing direction
The data cable from the transducer interface (5 pin mini din plug) plugs into the
socket that is marked data. The plug has a threaded locking ring in order to prevent it
from coming loose through vibration, and to protect from moisture. Do not over tighten this locking ring.
The power cable plugs into the large rectangular socket on the rear of the case. The
power cable has three wires. Red connects to positive (+12 / 24v). White connects to
positive (+12 / 24v). Black connects to negative (0v).
If the visual processor is connected to a 12v supply then the transducer interface must also be connected to a 12v supply. The positive of both the transducer interface and the visual processor must be at the same potential with respect to ground.
If the visual processor is connected to a 24v supply then the transducer interface must also be connected to a 24v supply. The positive of both the transducer interface and the visual processor must be at the same potential with respect to ground.
The grounds (0v connection) for both the transducer interface and the visual
processor must be at the same potential.
(Top view)
The keypad cable (8pin mini din) connects to the socket marked keypad on the visual
processor. The plug has a threaded locking ring in order to prevent it from coming
loose through vibration, and to protect from moisture. Do not over tighten this locking
ring.
Note: Fit port transducer (red bands) to port and starboard transducer (green bands)
to starboard
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FLS 3D Instruction Manual
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FLS 3D Installation Instructions
FLS 3D Installation Instructions
Transducer Interface installation
Transducer Interface installation
The transducer interface will require four mounting screws or bolts which will go
through the stainless steel mounting brackets. We advise the use of stainless steel fixings.
Do under no circumstances unscrew the two mounting brackets !
As shown on the diagram below the spacing for the fixings is 157 mm x 172mm.
Transducer interface dimensions
The transducer interface requires reasonable protection from moisture. Ensure
that you mount it within reach of the transducer cables and the data cable.
All the plugs on the transducer interface have a threaded locking ring in order to
prevent them from coming loose through vibration, and to protect from moisture. Do not over tighten these locking rings.
The transducer plugs are both 8pin mini din plugs. Make sure that the correct
transducer is connected to the correct plug. Each transducer is clearly marked
with either port or starboard. The transducer interface is also clearly marked
showing which socket is for the port transducer and which is for the starboard.
The data cable has a five pin mini din plug, there is only one socket on the transducer interface that this will plug into, which is clearly marked data.
The power cable plugs into the socket that is marked power. The power cable
has two cores, red ( positive +12 / 24v), and black ( negative 0v).
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FLS 3D Instruction Manual
FLS 3D Instruction Manual
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FLS 3D Installation Instructions
FLS 3D Installation Instructions
iring overview
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FLS 3D Instruction Manual
FLS 3D Instruction Manual
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