POH / AFM Section 0 INTRODUCTION THE

POH / AFM
Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100B
INTRODUCTION
With the AQUILA AT01 you have acquired a very efficient training and utility aircraft, which is
easy to operate and exhibits excellent handling qualities.
To ensure reliable operation and trouble free flight, we recommend that you read this Pilot's
Operating Handbook thoroughly and adhere to the operating instructions and recommendations
given herein.
CAUTION
All limitations, procedures and performance data contained in this handbook are EASA/FAA
approved and mandatory. Failing to follow the procedures and limits set forth in this handbook
can lead to a loss of liability by the manufacturer.
THE HANDBOOK
The handbook is presented in loose-leaf form to ease the substitution of revisions and is sized
in A5-format for convenient storage in the aircraft.
Tab dividers throughout the handbook allow quick reference to each section. A Table of
Contents is located at the beginning of each section to aid the location of specific data within
that section.
All rights reserved.
Reproduction or disclosure to third parties of this document or any part thereof is not permitted,
except with the prior and express written permission of AQUILA Aviation International GmbH.
Copyright © by
Aviation International GmbH
Schönhagen, Germany
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Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100B
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
GENERAL
1
OPERATING LIMITATIONS (approved section)
2
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES (approved section)
3
NORMAL PROCEDURES (approved section)
4
PERFORMANCE (partly approved section)
5
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
6
AIRCRAFT AND SYSTEMS DESCRIPTION
7
HANDLING AND MAINTENANCE
8
SUPPLEMENTS
9
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Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
Section
Issue
0
Approved
Page
Date
A.05
0-1 to 0-6
26.06.2017
1
A.02
1-1 to 1-12
15.10.2013
2
A.05
X
2-1 to 2-10
26.06.2017
3
A.05
X
3-1 to 3-18
26.06.2017
4
A.04
X
4-1 to 4-20
19.10.2015
5
A.05
(X)*
5-1 to 5-22
26.06.2017
6
A.02
6-1 to 6-14
15.10.2013
7
A.05
7-1 to 7-24
26.06.2017
8
A.02
8-1 to 8-6
15.10.2013
9
A.05
9-1 to 9-2
26.06.2017
* - partially approved
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Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIST OF REVISIONS
All revisions to the handbook, with the exception of individual weight and balance data and
revisions to the Equipment List, must be recorded in the List of Revisions. Revisions must
either be approved by EASA or, in the case of changes, in accordance with Part 21.A.263(c)(4)
by the Design Organization of AQUILA Aviation International GmbH.
Additions and revisions to text in an existing section will be identified by a vertical black line
adjacent to the applicable revised area. A new issue code appears in the footer of the revised
pages.
If revisions are distributed, the applicable sections are to be exchanged with the updated
version. Generally only complete sections of the POH will be exchanged, and not individual
pages.
The operation of the AQUILA AT01 is only permitted with a current and up to date POH carried
on board. Please refer to the following web page whenever the revision status of your POH is in
question.
www.aquila-aviation.de
Approvalnumber
Approval by
AQUILA / EASA
Date / Signature
10045112
29.05.2013
EASA
Issue
Description of
Revision
Revised
Section(s)
A.01
First Issue
All
A.02
Editorial changes,
Supplements 8,33 kHz
FAA certification
All
15.10.2013
A.03
AS-00 „Winter
Operation“
0, 9
08.04.2014
A.04
Editorial changes
0, 4
19.10.2015
A.05
Minor changes, AS-21
“GTX 335 / 345”, SBAT01-029 incorporated
0, 2, 3, 5,
7, 9
26.06.2017
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Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100B
Revision A.05 of AFM ref. FM-AT01-1010-102 is approved under the authority of DOA ref. EASA.21J.025.
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POH / AFM
Section 0
AQUILA AT01-100B
Reporting of safety / airworthiness relevant occurrences:
Tel: ++49 (0)33731-707-0
Fax: ++49 (0)33731-707-11
E-Mail:
occurrence@aquila-aviation.de
AVAILABILITY OF TECHNICAL PUBLICATIONS
To guarantee safe operation and correct maintenance of the AQUILA AT01-100 aircraft, all
manuals and technical publications must be kept in the current effective status.
All manuals and technical publications relating to the aircraft AQUILA AT01-100 are available
from the companies listed below:
(a)
AQUILA AT01-100B related Manuals and Publications
AQUILA Aviation International GmbH
OT Schönhagen, Flugplatz
D-14959 Trebbin
Tel: ++49
Fax: ++49
E-Mail:
Internet:
(b)
(0)33731-707-0
(0)33731-707-11
kontakt@aquila-aviation.de
http://www.aquila-aviation.de
Engine ROTAX 912 S related Manuals and Publications
Contact the ROTAX ® authorized distributor for ROTAX ® Aircraft Engines of the
applicable distribution area.
For contact details of the local authorized distributor for ROTAX Aircraft Engines,
please refer to chapter 13 of the ROTAX ® Operator’s Manual for 912 S Engines.
(c)
Propeller MTV-21 related Manuals and Publications
mt-Propeller Entwicklung GmbH
Flugplatz Straubing- Wallmühle
D-94348 Atting
Tel: ++49 (0)9429-9409-0
Fax: ++49 (0)9429-8432
Internet: www.mt-propeller.com
E-Mail: sales@mt-propeller.com
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POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIMITATIONS
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
Page
2.1
INTRODUCTION
2-2
2.2
AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS
2-2
2.3
AIRSPEED INDICATOR MARKINGS
2-3
2.4
POWER PLANT LIMITATIONS
2-3
2.4.1 Engine
2-3
2.4.2 Propeller
2-4
2.5
POWER PLANT INSTRUMENT MARKINGS
2-5
2.6
OTHER INSTRUMENT MARKINGS
2-5
2.7
WEIGHT LIMITS
2-6
2.8
CENTER OF GRAVITY LIMITS
2-6
2.9
MANEUVER LIMITS
2-6
2.10
FLIGHT LOAD FACTORS
2-7
2.11
CREW
2-7
2.12
KINDS OF OPERATION LIMITS / MINIMUM EQUIPMENT
2-8
2.13
FUEL LIMITATIONS
2-9
2.14
TEMPERATURE LIMITATIONS
2-9
2.15
OPERATING ALTITUDE
2-9
2.16
PLACARDS
2-10
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2.1
POH / AFM
Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIMITATIONS
INTRODUCTION
This section includes all operating limitations, instrument markings and basic placards
necessary for the safe operation of the aircraft, its engine, standard systems and standard
equipment.
WARNING
The aircraft must be operated in compliance with the operating limitations.
The GARMIN G500 Cockpit Reference Guide must be carried on board the aircraft and be
accessible to the crew during flight.
2.2
AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS
The airspeeds given below are expressed in Indicated Airspeeds (IAS), the airspeed shown on
the airspeed indicator:
Indicated Airspeed (IAS)
[kts]
Remarks
VA
Maneuvering speed
112
Do not make full or abrupt control
movements above this speed.
This may result in overloading the aircraft
structure.
V FE
Maximum flap extended speed
90
Do not exceed this speed with flaps in T/O or
LDG position.
V NO
Maximum structural cruising
speed
130
Do not exceed this speed except in smooth
air, and then only with caution.
V NE
Never exceed speed
165
Do not exceed this speed in any operational
condition.
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Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIMITATIONS
AIRSPEED INDICATOR MARKINGS
The airspeeds given below are expressed in Indicated Airspeeds (IAS):
2.4
Marking (IAS)
[kts]
Remarks
White arc
39-90
Full flap operating range
Green arc
49-130
Normal operating range
Yellow arc
130-165
Operations in this region must be conducted with
caution and only in smooth air.
Red line
165
Maximum speed for all operations.
POWER PLANT LIMITATIONS
2.4.1 Engine
a)
b)
Manufacturer:
Model:
BRP-ROTAX GmbH & Co KG, Gunskirchen, Austria
912 S3
NOTE
The engine is equipped with a hydraulic propeller governor and drives the propeller via a
reduction gearbox. The gearbox reduction ratio is 2.43 : 1.
The tachometer indicates the propeller speed. As a result, all rpm readings in this manual are
expressed as propeller speeds, unlike the data in the Engine Operator's Manual.
c)
Power Plant Limitations
Maximum Takeoff Power:
Maximum Takeoff Prop Speed (5 min.):
Maximum Continuous Power:
Maximum Continuous Prop Speed:
98.6
2385
92.5
2260
BHP (73.5 kW)
RPM
BHP (69.0 kW)
RPM
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d)
Section 2
LIMITATIONS
Oil Pressure
Minimum:
Normal:
Maximum during a cold start:
(only for a short time)
e)
POH / AFM
AQUILA AT01-100B
11.6 psi
(0.8 bar)
below 590 RPM
29 –72.5 psi (2.0-5.0 bar) above 590 RPM
101.5 psi
(7.0 bar)
Fuel Pressure
Minimum:
f)
red warning light
Oil Temperature
Maximum:
Minimum:
g)
(130 °C)
( 50 °C)
248 / 264** °F
(120 / 129**) °C
Cylinder Head Temperature (CHT)
Maximum:
h)
266 °F
122 °F
Minimum temperature to start the engine
Minimum:
-13 °F
( -25 °C)
At an OAT below -13 °F (-25 °C) the engine must be preheated.
2.4.2 Propeller
a)
Manufacturer:
b)
Model:
MTV-21-A/170-05
c)
Propeller diameter:
(66.9 in)
d)
Propeller speed limitations
**
mt-Propeller Entwicklung GmbH, Atting, Germany
1,70 m
Maximum take-off propeller speed (max. 5 min):
2385 RPM
Maximum continuous propeller speed:
2260 RPM
old type of cylinder head at cylinder no. 3 (see SB-AT01-029)
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Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIMITATIONS
2.5 MARKINGS ON POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTS
The following table shows the instrument markings on the power plants and their meaning.
Instrument
Red Line
(minimum)
Green Arc
(normal
operating range)
Yellow Arc
(caution)
Red Line
(maximum)
Tachometer
[RPM]
---
535 – 2260
2260 - 2385
2385
Oil Temperature
[°F]
([°C])
122
(50)
122-266
(50 – 130)
---
266
(130)
Cylinder Head
Temperature
[°F]
([°C])
---
---
---
248 / 264**
(120 / 129**)
29 – 72.5
(2.0 – 5.0)
11.6 – 29
(0.8 – 2.0)
72.5 – 101.5
(5.0 – 7.0)
101.5
(7.0)
Oil Pressure
[psi]
([bar[)
11.6
(0.8)
**
old type of cylinder head at cylinder no. 3 (see SB-AT01-029)
2.6
MARKINGS ON OTHER INSTRUMENTS
Green / Red or
Green Arc
(normal operating
Yellow Arc
range)
(caution)
Instrument
Red Arc
(minimum)
Red Arc
(maximum)
Voltmeter
[V]
8 – 11
11 – 12
12 – 15
15 – 16
Amperemeter
[A]
---
---
---
---
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2.7
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Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIMITATIONS
WEIGHT LIMITS
Maximum Takeoff Weight
1653 lb
(750 kg)
Maximum Landing Weight
1653 lb
(750 kg)
Max. Weight in Baggage Compartment
88.2 lb
( 40 kg)
WARNING
Exceeding the weight limits can overload the aircraft and is prohibited. In addition, aircraft
performance and handling characteristics may be detrimentally affected. The stall speed will
increase, so that the instrument markings are no longer accurate.
2.8
CENTER OF GRAVITY LIMITS
The reference datum is located at the wing leading edge, at the fuselage-wing junction.
With the aircraft leveled, the reference datum and the vertical fall in a plane.
The center of gravity must be within the following limits:
Forward Limit:
Rearward Limit:
16.8 in.
20.6 in.
(0.427 m)
(0.523 m)
aft of Datum
aft of Datum
WARNING
Exceeding the center of gravity limits is prohibited. Exceeding the limits reduces the
controllability and stability of the aircraft.
The procedure to determine the center of gravity location for flight is provided in Section 6 of
this handbook.
2.9
MANEUVER LIMITS
The aircraft is certificated in accordance to the JAR-VLA.
following maneuvers:
a)
All normal, non acrobatic maneuvers.
b)
Stalls:
Wings level stall
c)
Steep Turns:
Angle of Bank ≤ 60°
d)
Chandelle:
Entry Speed
120 kts
e)
Lazy Eight:
Entry Speed
110 kts
That certification includes the
NOTE
All acrobatic maneuvers as well as maneuvers with a bank angle exceeding 60° are prohibited.
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Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIMITATIONS
2.10 FLIGHT LOAD FACTORS
The following flight load factors may not be exceeded while performing any approved
maneuvers.
Flight Load Factor
[g]
at V A
at V NE
With Flaps Extended
Positive
4.0
4.0
2.0
Negative
-2.0
-2.0
0
WARNING
Exceeding the flight load factors limits may result in damage to the aircraft structure.
CAUTION
Maneuvers that include intentional negative flight load factors are not permitted.
Intentional Spinning is not permitted.
2.11 CREW
Maximum number of people on board: 2
Minimum crew:
1 Pilot
With only one person on board, the aircraft
may only be operated from the left seat
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Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIMITATIONS
2.12 KINDS OF OPERATION LIMITS / MINIMUM EQUIPMENT
Certified for:
visual flights by Day
Table 1
For VFR by Day*
Flight and navigational instruments
• Garmin G-500
• Magnetic Compass
• Working timepiece with a seconds hand**
• VHF Transceiver***
• GPS Receiver Garmin 400W / 500W Series or GTN
(6XX/7XX)
• Speed Indicator****
Power Plant Instruments
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Other Equipment
• Seat belts for each occupied seat
• Emergency Hammer
Fuel gauge
Oil Temperature Indicator
Warning Light FUEL
Oil Pressure Indicator
Cylinder Head Temperature Indicator
Manifold Pressure Gauge
Amperemeter
Tachometer
Voltmeter
Warning Light ALT 1
* The minimum equipment listed in Table 1 is valid for Germany. Other countries may require different minimum
equipment. This may depend on the type of flight being carried out and the route being flown.
** In
Germany a watch with a seconds hand may be used as a working timepiece. Please observe all differing
national regulations.
*** In Germany a VHF Transceiver is not required for flights that do not leave the vicinity of an uncontrolled airfield
(§3a Abs. 3 d. Luftverkehrs-Ordnung). Regulations of other nations must still be observed (§ 21a Abs. 1 der
Luftverkehrs-Ordnung).
**** Valid only for FAA registered aircrafts
NOTE
For specific operations, additional equipment may be necessary. It is the aircraft operator’s
responsibility to observe the applicable requirements.
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Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIMITATIONS
2.13 FUEL LIMITATIONS
Fuel capacity (total):
Usable fuel (total):
Unusable fuel:
Left Fuel Tank
15.85 US gal (60.0 l)
14.48 US gal (54.8 l)
1.37 US gal
(5.2 l)
Right Fuel Tank
15.85 US gal (60.0 l)
14.48 US gal (54.8 l)
1.37 US gal (5.2 l)
For approved fuel grades, please refer to paragraph 1.8.
NOTE
The amount of unusable fuel was determined with flap on LDG and V FE = 90 kts. It is the worst
case fuel supply configuration within section 4 “NORMAL PROCEDURES”.
NOTE
The fuel quantity, fuel used and fuel remaining functions of the G500 are advisory information
only and must be verified by the pilot.
2.14 TEMPERATURE LIMITATIONS
Parts of the aircraft structure that are exposed to direct vertical sunlight must be painted
WHITE.
2.15 OPERATING ALTITUDE
The Aquila AT01-100 has a maximum operating altitude of 14,500 ft.
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Section 2
AQUILA AT01-100B
LIMITATIONS
2.16 PLACARDS
1)
On the instrument panel, in the lower middle section of the panel:
This aircraft is certified according to JAR-VLA for
day VFR operations under non-icing conditions. All
aerobatic
maneuvers,
including
spins,
are
prohibited. For further operating limitations refer to
the POH.
2)
On the instrument panel below the Airspeed Indicator:
MANEUVERING SPEED
V A = 112 KIAS
3)
On the inner surface of the baggage compartment door:
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POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
Page
3.1
INTRODUCTION
3-3
Resetting circuit-breakers
3-3
3.2
AIRSPEEDS FOR EMERGENCY OPERATION
3-3
3.3
ENGINE FAILURES – CHECKLISTS
3-4
3.3.1
Engine Failure During the Take-off Run
3-4
3.3.2
Engine Failure Immediately After Take-off
3-4
3.3.3
In-flight Engine Failure
3-5
FORCED LANDINGS
3-7
3.4.1
Precautionary Landing
3-7
3.4.2
Emergency Landing
3-8
SMOKE AND FIRE
3-8
3.5.1
Engine Fire on the Ground
3-8
3.5.2
Engine Fire in Flight
3-9
3.5.3
Electrical Fire with Smoke on the Ground
3-9
3.5.4
Electrical Fire with Smoke in Flight
3-9
3.6
INADVERTENT FLIGHT INTO ICING CONDITIONS
3-10
3.7
SPIN RECOVERY PROCEDURE
3-10
3.8
POWER-OFF GLIDE
3-11
3.9
LANDING WITH A FLAT TIRE
3-11
3.10
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
3-12
3.10.1
Complete Electrical System Failure
3-12
3.10.2
Alternator Failure (ALT 1)
3-12
3.10.3
Low Voltage Indication
3-13
FLAP CONTROL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
3-14
3.1.1
3.4
3.5
3.11
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3.12
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
TRIM CONTROL SYSTEM FAILURES
3-14
3.12.1
Trim System Inoperative
3-14
3.12.2
Trim Actuator Runaway
3-15
AVIONICS MALFUNCTIONS
3-15
3.13.1
Complete Avionics Failure
3-15
3.13.2
Receive Mode Failure of COM-Equipment
3-15
3.13.3
Transmit Mode Failure of COM-Equipment
3-15
3.13.4
Primary Flight Display Failure
3-16
3.13.5
Magnetometer Failure
3-16
3.13.6
Complete Navigation System Failure
3-16
3.13.7
AHRS Failure
3-17
3.13.8
ADC Failure
3-17
3.14
STARTER MALFUNCTION
3-17
3.15
IN-FLIGHT FAILURES AND MALFUNCTIONS
3-17
Inadvertent Release and Opening of the Canopy in flight
3-17
3.13
3.15.1
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3.1
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
INTRODUCTION
This section provides checklists with the recommended procedures for coping with various
emergency situations.
Emergencies caused by aircraft or engine malfunctions are extremely rare if all pre-flight
inspections and required maintenance is properly conducted.
However, should an emergency situation occur, the procedures provided here are
recommended to correct the problem and master the situation.
Not all types of emergency situations or combinations can be described in the POH. A pilot
must therefore always use good airmanship and have a sound knowledge of the aircraft and its
systems.
3.1.1 Resetting Circuit-breakers
The one time only resetting of a tripped circuit breaker or safety switch is considered a
recommendation for the following emergency procedures.
Applicable for all switches:
pushing the top = ON; pushing the bottom = OFF
CAUTION
A tripped circuit breaker or safety switch should only be reset if it is needed for continued safe
flight and landing. In extreme cases, resetting a circuit breaker may cause an electrical fire.
A circuit breaker or safety switch should only be reset once and be inspected after flight.
3.2
AIRSPEEDS FOR EMERGENCY OPERATION
Airspeed (IAS)
Maneuvering speed
Speed for best glide ratio
Flaps
Flaps
[kts]
VA
112
UP
T/O
78
73
Precautionary landing with / without engine power
Flaps
LDG
60
Landing without engine power
Flaps
Flaps
65
70
T/O
UP
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3.3
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
ENGINE FAILURES – CHECKLISTS
3.3.1 Engine Failure before Take-off
1.
2.
Throttle
Brakes
IDLE
APPLY as required
3.3.2 Engine Failure Immediately After Take-off and during Climb
1.
Airspeed (IAS)
70 KIAS
WARNING
Depending on the own speed and altitude, the wind condition and the remaining engine power
a forced landing must be initiated under consideration of the local conditions.
Turning back to the runway only at adequate altitude, otherwise land straight ahead ! Pay
attention to the speed !
Check the following items (if time allows):
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Fuel selector valve
Fuel Pump switch
Ignition switch
Throttle
Propeller control lever
Choke
Carburetor heat
SWITCH to fullest or other tank
ON
BOTH
wide OPEN
START position
PRESS (OFF)
PULL (ON)
Before landing (if possible):
9.
10.
11.
Fuel selector valve
Ignition switch
ALT1 / BAT switch
OFF
OFF
OFF
WARNING
With BAT switch in OFF position:
Stall warning system inoperative and flap position
cannot be changed !
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AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.3.3 In-flight Engine Failures
A)
ENGINE ROUGHNESS
1. Carburetor heat
2. Fuel Pump switch
3. Ignition switch
PULL (ON)
ON
SWITCH through the positions
L-BOTH, then R-BOTH
Maintain setting
4. Throttle
If roughness continues:
5. Throttle
6. Precautionary Landing
B)
REDUCE to min. required for flight
PERFORM (see 3.4.1)
LOSS OF OIL PRESSURE
1. Oil Temperature
CHECK
If oil pressure sinks below the green range and the oil temperature remains normal:
2. Land at the nearest airfield
If oil pressure sinks below the green range and the oil temperature rises:
2. Throttle
3. Precautionary landing
C)
REDUCE to min. required for flight
PERFORM, Engine may fail suddenly!
LOSS OF FUEL PRESSURE
1. Fuel Pump switch
2. Fuel selector valve
3. Fuel Pump switch
ON
SWITCH to fullest or other tank
OFF, when warning light FUEL turns
off
NOTE
After switching fuel tanks, it may take up to 8 seconds for full fuel pressure to be built up.
4. If warning light FUEL remains alight:
Land at the nearest airfield
Engine may fail suddenly!
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SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
D)
ENGINE RESTART PROCEDURE WITH STOPPED PROPELLER
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Non-essential electrical equipment
ALT1 / BAT switch
Propeller control lever
Fuel selector valve
Fuel Pump switch
Throttle
warm engine
cold engine
Choke
warm engine
cold engine
Ignition switch
7.
8.
OFF
ON
START position
SWITCH to fullest tank
ON
OPENED 2 cm
IDLE
PUSHED (OFF)
PULL (ON)
BOTH, then START
When power is restored:
9.
10.
11.
12.
Oil pressure
Choke
Electrical equipment
Oil temperature
CHECK
PUSHED (OFF)
SWITCH ON (as required)
CHECK
NOTE
The engine can also be restarted by Windmilling if the airspeed is increased to approx. 120 kts.
Approx. 1000 ft / 300 m of altitude is required in this method.
E)
ENGINE RESTART PROCEDURE WITH WINDMILLING PROPELLER
At airspeeds above 60 kts the propeller continues to windmill with the engine off.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Airspeed
ALT1 / BAT switch
Fuel selector valve
Propeller control lever
Fuel Pump switch
Ignition switch
Throttle
hot engine
cold engine
Choke
hot engine
cold engine
78 KIAS
ON
SWITCH to fullest or other tank
START position
ON
BOTH
OPENED 2 cm (0,8 inch)
IDLE
PUSHED (OFF)
PULL (ON)
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SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
When power is restored:
9.
10.
11.
12.
Oil pressure
Choke
Electrical equipment
Oil temperature
3.4
FORCED LANDINGS
CHECK
PUSHED (OFF)
SWITCH ON (as required)
CHECK
Generally the flight path should always be chosen such that, in the event of an emergency, a
suitable landing field can be reached.
CAUTION
If, after a forced landing, the aircraft flips over, an emergency hammer can be used to break
through the canopy. For this purpose an emergency hammer is attached to back of the right
hand seat.
3.4.1 Precautionary Landing
NOTE
A precautionary landing occurs when the pilot decides to discontinue flight to avoid a situation
degrading into an emergency. This way the pilot has time to make decisions and choose an
adequate landing site or divert to an airfield. The procedure for a precautionary landing is
fundamentally the same as a normal landing, which is described in Section 4.
The choice of the landing field is here of particular importance.
Deteriorating weather is a leading cause of precautionary landings.
1.
Locate Suitable Field
CONSIDER wind direction, terrain
and obstructions.
TIGHT
2.
Seat Belts and Harnesses
3.
Initiate descent
4.
If possible: Overfly landing site at a low altitude and inspect (wind direction,
and obstructions)
5.
Abeam the touchdown point:
Throttle
AS REQUIRED
Propeller Control Lever
START position
Carburetor Heat
PUSHED (OFF)
Fuel Pump switch
ON
Flaps
LDG
Airspeed
60 KIAS
terrain
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6.
7.
POH / AFM
SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
Touch down with lowest possible airspeed.
After touchdown:
Brakes
Fuel selector valve
Ignition switch
ALT1 / BAT switch
APPLY as required
OFF
OFF
OFF
3.4.2 Emergency Landing
NOTE
An emergency landing occurs in a state of distress, such as an engine failure, fuel starvation or
mechanical problems with the aircraft. In this case a pilot typically has significantly less time to
choose a landing site compared with a precautionary landing.
1.
Airspeed:
Flaps in LDG position
Flaps in T/O position
Flaps in UP position
Fuel selector valve
Ignition switch
Seat belts and harnesses
COM (ATC)
ALT1 / BAT switch
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
60 KIAS
65 KIAS
70 KIAS
OFF
OFF
TIGHT
REPORT location and intention
OFF
WARNING
With ALT1/BAT switch OFF:
 Stall warning inoperative
 Flap position cannot be changed
3.5
SMOKE AND FIRE
3.5.1 Engine Fire on the Ground
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Fuel selector valve
Throttle
ALT1 / BAT switch
Ignition switch
Aircraft
OFF
WIDE OPEN
OFF
OFF
EVACUATE immediately once
engine stops
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AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.5.2 Engine Fire In-flight
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Throttle
WIDE OPEN
Fuel selector valve
OFF
Cabin heat
PUSHED (OFF)
Canopy slide-window
OPEN
Perform a precautionary landing without engine power as described in Section 3.4.2
3.5.3 Electrical Fire with Smoke on the Ground
1.
ALT1 / BAT switch
OFF
If engine is running:
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Throttle
Fuel selector valve
Ignition switch
Canopy
Fire extinguisher (if installed)
IDLE
OFF
OFF
OPEN
USE as required
3.5.4 Electrical Fire with Smoke in Flight
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
ALT1 / BAT switch
Avionics switch
All switches (except Ignition)
Cabin ventilation and canopy slide-window
Fire extinguisher (if installed)
Land immediately
OFF
OFF
OFF
OPEN
Use only if smoke persists
Refer to Section 3.4 Forced
Landings
After landing and aircraft comes to a halt:
7. Engine
8. Canopy
9. After engine stops
Shut down
OPEN
Evacuate aircraft
CAUTION
When a large amount of smoke is present or the fire extinguisher has been used, ventilate the
cabin by unlocking the canopy latch. If possible, the fire extinguisher should be secured after
use.
WARNING
Turning the ALT1 / BAT switch OFF turns off all electrical and electronic equipment, including
the flaps
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SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
INADVERTENT FLIGHT IN ICING CONDITIONS
WARNING
Intentional flight in icing conditions is prohibited. During unintentional flight in icing conditions
proceed as follows:
1.
2.
Carburetor heat
PULL (ON)
Leave icing conditions immediately by flying a reciprocal heading and/or changing
altitude
P/S Heat switch (if installed)
ON
Propeller Control Lever
START position
Cabin heat
PULL (ON)
Move the control surfaces periodically to keep them from freezing
3.
4.
5.
6.
CAUTION
The stall speed increases with ice accumulation on the wing leading edge.
Airspeed indicator, altimeter and vertical speed indicator readings may be inaccurate with ice
accumulation on the leading edge of the wing. Additionally, the stall warning system may be
inoperative or may not work correctly.
3.7
SPIN RECOVERY PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Rudder
Elevator
Aileron
Throttle
Flaps
Rudder
Elevator
Full deflection opposite direction of rotation
Neutral or slightly forward
Neutral
IDLE
UP
Neutral when rotation stops
Carefully ease out of dive
Make a smooth recovery from the dive to regain level flight attitude. Do not exceed V NE .
WARNING
During spin recovery, adherence to the recovery sequence is essential!
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SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
POWER-OFF GLIDE
Achievable gliding distances vary depending on altitude and current wind conditions. This is
very important when choosing a landing site or reaching a near-by airfield.
To achieve maximum gliding distance:
1.
2.
3.
Flaps
Airspeed
Demonstrated glide ratio
UP
78 KIAS
14
This means approx. 2.3 NM can
be covered for every 1000 ft of
altitude (no wind)
NOTE
Headwinds, tailwinds and wing contamination can significantly influence the distance
achievable in glide.
3.9
LANDING WITH A FLAT TIRE
When landing with a defective tire, or this is suspected, proceed as follows:
1.
Flaps
LDG position
2.
Perform touch down on the side of the runway opposite the defective tire. This allows
the use of the entire runway width to correct any directional changes
caused by the
defective tire. (for example: left tire defective, land on the right
side of the runway)
3.
Perform touch down with the undamaged main tire first. Lower nose wheel as
as possible to improve controllability on the ground.
quickly
4.
Roll out with full aileron deflection in the direction of the undamaged main tire.
reduces the load on the damaged tire.
This
5.
When landing with a defective or damaged nose wheel:
Touch down with minimum speed.
Keep nose wheel off the ground
as long as possible.
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AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.10 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
3.10.1 Complete Electrical System Failure
1. ALT1 / BAT switch
CHECK if ON
2. BAT1 circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
RESET if tripped
3. ALT1 circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
RESET if tripped
If power cannot be restored, it is recommended to carry out a precautionary landing at the
nearest airfield.
3.10.2 Alternator Failure (ALT1)
ALT1 warning light illuminates
1. ALT1 switch
SWITCH OFF then ON, approx. 10 sec.
interval
RESET if tripped
2. ALT1 circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
If ALT1 warning light remains illuminated:
3. ALT1 circuit breaker
PULL
4. ALT1 SWITCH
OFF
5. Instruments not required for the safe continuation of flight should be turned off or dimmed to
at least half the intensity.
6. Monitor the voltmeter and ammeter
7. Land at the nearest airfield.
NOTE
A fully charged and properly serviced battery will be able to supply power to all essential
systems for approx. 30 minutes.
Even with the audio panel turned off the pilot can still transmit with COM 1 (Failsafe Design) via
his headset. Use of the Intercom is not possible.
WARNING
Before returning the aircraft to service, the problem must be resolved.
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SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.10.3 Low Voltage Indication
A)
Low voltage indication on the ground (needle in or below red-green shaded arc)
1.
Engine speed
Increase RPM until the needle
moves into the green arc.
(RPM should be below 1350)
2.
All non-essential equipment
OFF, until needle moves into
the green arc
3.
If the needle remains in or below the red-green shaded arc
Do not fly before problem is
eliminated.
B)
Low voltage indication in flight (needle in or below red-green shaded arc)
1.
All non-essential equipment
OFF, until the needle moves
into green the arc
If the needle remains in or below the red-green shaded or yellow arc
Alternator is defective.
Proceed in accordance with
section 3.10.2
2.
C)
Low voltage indication during approach and landing (needle in or below red-green
shaded arc)
1.
After landing
paragraph 3.10.3 A)
Proceed in accordance with
WARNING
Whenever the needle of the voltmeter is within the RED ARC, land at the nearest airfield to
eliminate the problem before continuing the flight..
NOTE
Color of voltmeter caution zone may vary from manufacturer between red-green shaded or
yellow t.
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SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.11 FLAP CONTROL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
FLAP POSITION INDICATOR or FLAP ACTUATOR MALFUNCTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
Flap Actuator circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
Flap Control circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
Flap position
Airspeed
5.
Flap switch
RESET, if tripped
RESET, if tripped
visually CONFIRM on the left wing
maintain within the WHITE ARC
on the airspeed indicator
SWITCH through all positions.
If the flap actuator is inoperative or the flap position indicator reading is incorrect, approach and
landing must be conducted at an airspeed safe for the current flap setting.
WARNING
During landings with the flaps not in the landing position, stall speed and landing distance
increase.
3.12 TRIM CONTROL SYSTEM FAILURES
3.12.1 Trim System Inoperative
1.
2.
3.
Trim Actuator circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
Trim Control circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
Trim switch
then “Nose Down”
RESET, if tripped
RESET, if tripped
repeatedly PRESS “Nose UP” and
NOTE
An inoperative trim system does not affect aircraft controllability. However, the control stick
forces are considerably higher and may reach up to 22 lb (10kg).
4.
Land at the nearest airfield.
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SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.12.2 Trim Actuator Runaway
1.
Control Column
HOLD in position
2.
Trim Actuator circuit breaker
PULL
3.
Trim switch
CHECK if pressed or jammed
If the problem is obvious, and can be solved:
4.
Trim Actuator circuit breaker (see 3.1.1) RESET
NOTE
Approx. 8 seconds are required to trim from full nose-down to full nose-up or vice versa.
If the problem cannot be solved:
5.
Land at the nearest airfield.
3.13 AVIONICS MALFUNCTIONS
3.13.1 Complete Avionics Failure
1.
Avionics switch
SWITCH OFF then ON, approx. 20 sec.
interval
2.
If the switch trips to the off position:
Land at the nearest suitable airfield.
3.13.2 Receive Mode Failure of COM-Equipment
1.
Push-to-Talk (PPT) switch
2.
Head-set
If no noise is audible:
CHECK pilot’s and co-pilot’s
PTT-switches are not pressed or
jammed (also check transceiver
display). CHECK connectors.
Momentarily switch off SQUELCH.
CHECK head-set connectors.
3.13.3 Transmit Mode Failure of COM-Equipment
1.
Transmit-Signal TX
2.
3.
Selected frequency
Microphone
CHECK if displayed while
transmitting.
CHECK, if correct
CHECK, if necessary replace
head-set.
If the problem cannot be eliminated, set transponder to 7600 (radio failure) as required.
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SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
.3.13.4 Primary Flight Display Failure
1. PFD circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
2. AHRS circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
3. ADC circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
RESET, if tripped
RESET, if tripped
RESET, if tripped
It is possible to safely continue flight, even if the PFD failure cannot be corrected in flight, by
referencing the remaining instruments. It may, none the less, be prudent to land at the nearest
airfield.
NOTE
Following information is still available when the PFD fails:
Attitude:
Natural horizon
Altitude:
GPS altitude, Transponder altitude, ground visibility
Heading/Track:
Compass, GPS ground track
Airspeed:
GPS ground speed, stall warning
3.13.5 Magnetometer Failure
1. AHRS circuit breaker
RESET, if tripped
NOTE
In the event of a magnetometer failure a red X will be displayed over the course display. If the
GDU 620 is receiving a valid GPS ground track signal, the magnetic heading display will be
replaced with the GPS ground track. The GPS ground track is displayed in magenta.
3.13.6 Complete Navigation System Failure
1. AHRS circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
2. Navigation
RESET, if tripped
Compass, GPS
NOTE
In the event of a complete navigation system failure (magnetometer and GPS ground track) a
red X will be displayed over the course display and the markings on the compass rose
disappear
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SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.13.7 AHRS Failure
1. AHRS circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
RESET, if tripped
NOTE
In the event of an AHRS Failure, the horizon is no longer displayed on the PFD. Additionally a
red “X” and in yellow “AHRS FAILURE” is displayed. A Navigation System Failure, as described
in section 3.13.6, accompanies an AHRS Failure.
3.13.8 ADC Failure
1. ADC circuit breaker (see 3.1.1)
2. Continue flight
RESET, if tripped
Using stand-by instruments (see 3.13.4)
NOTE
Failure of the Air Data Computers (ADC) is indicated through a red X and yellow text above the
airspeed indicator, the altimeter, the vertical speed indicator, the TAS and the OAT indicators.
Certain functions, such as TAS and wind calculation, are no longer usable.
3.14 STARTER MALFUNCTION
During engine start on ground, power transmission from the starter to the engine is defect (a
continuing and excessive howling tone is audible).
1.
2.
3.
Throttle
IDLE
Ignition switch
OFF
Repair damage before conducting planned flight.
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SECTION 3
AQUILA AT01-100B
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
3.15 IN-FLIGHT FAILURES AND MALFUNCTIONS
3.15.1 Inadvertent Release and Opening of the Canopy in flight
In the event of an inadvertent release and opening of the canopy in flight, a stationary canopy
opening angle of about 20° - 30°, depending on the flight condition, is reached. Because the
canopy opens forwards, the canopy cannot be torn off during flight. Even though the airflow
conditions around the aircraft change considerably with an open canopy in flight, the aircraft
remains fully controllable. Initial flight attitude changes can be easily corrected. Do not unbuckle
the seat belt in order to close the canopy. During solo flights, carefully try to close the canopy
without neglecting flight tasks and pilot responsibilities. If this is not possible, continue the flight
with the open canopy and land at the nearest airfield.
1.
Keep calm, there is no imminent danger.
2.
Flight attitude
Stabilize flight attitude. Under
consideration of the actual conditions,
establish stationary horizontal level flight.
Airspeed
65 – 75 KIAS
Canopy
If possible, close and lock canopy in
flight. Check the canopy locking and
the
position
of
the
Canopy
Locking
Lever periodically until landing.
If it is not possible to close the canopy,
continue flight with the open canopy and
land at the nearest airfield.
3.
.
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Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
Page
5.1
INTRODUCTION
5-2
5.2
PERFORMANCE CHARTS
5-3
5.2.1
Airspeed Calibration
5-3
5.2.2
Stall Speeds
5-4
5.2.3
Crosswind Component
5-5
5.2.4
Flight Planning
5-6
5.2.5
Take-off Distance
5-7
5.2.6
Climb Performance / Cruise Altitude
5-8
5.2.7
Climb: Fuel Consumption, Time and Distance
5-9
5.2.8
Cruise Performance (TAS – True Airspeed)
5-10
5.2.9
Cruise Power Settings
5-11
5.2.10
Maximum Endurance
5-12
5.2.11
Maximum Range
5-13
5.2.12
Descent: Fuel Consumption, Time and Distance
5-14
5.2.13
Landing Distance
5-15
5.2.14
Climb Performance after Go-Around (Balked Landing)
5-16
5.2.15
Flight Planning Example
5-17
Noise Characteristics / Abatement
5-22
5.3
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POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
INTRODUCTION
The performance data in the following charts give an overview on the performance and
capabilities of the AQUILA AT01. This information provides the basis for flight planning prior to
every flight.
All data in the charts haves been acquired during flight testing conducted with an aircraft and
engine in a good operating condition. The performance data was then corrected to ICAO
Standard Atmospheric conditions (59°F / 15°C and 29.92 inHg / 1013.25 hPa at sea level).
The performance data presented can be achieved with a well-maintained aircraft and with
average piloting techniques, when the procedures specified in this manual are followed.
The fuel flow data for cruise presented here are based on the recommended RPM/manifold
pressure setting for each altitude. However, fuel flow and the resulting endurance, with and
without reserve, depend on engine condition, surface quality of the aircraft (clean and dry) and
meteorological conditions.
For precise flight planning and in order to estimate the amount of fuel required for a particular
flight, all available information should be used and all influencing factors considered.
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5.2
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
PERFORMANCE CHARTS
5.2.1
Airspeed Calibration
Airspeed calibration accounts for the position error of the pitot-static pressure system, but not
for the instrument error.
Assumption: zero instrument error
Example:
120 KIAS (indicated airspeed) corresponds to 118 KCAS (calibrated airspeed)
200
190
180
170
160
150
140
flap: UP
KCAS
130
120
110
100
90
80
70
flap: LDG
60
50
40
30
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
KIAS
Fig.: 5.2.1 Airspeed Calibration
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5.2.2
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
Stall Speeds
Stall speeds were determined in the following configuration:
-
Forward center of gravity (CG) limit: 16.8 in (427 mm) behind the Ref. Datum
Takeoff weight 1653 lb. (750 kg)
Engine idle
Bank Angle
Flap
Position
0°
30°
45°
60°
KCAS
KIAS
KIAS
KIAS
KIAS
UP
52
49
51
55
> 64
T/O
48
45
47
51
> 60
LDG
43
39
42
47
> 57
Tab.: 5.2.2 Stall Speeds [kts]
NOTE
Stalling speed with bank angle should be considered as for reference purposes only.
Slight differences in how the aircraft stalls can lead to discrepancies. The greater the angle of
bank and flap deflection, the greater the discrepancies.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-102
A.05
A.02 (15.10.2013)
26.06.2017
5-4
5.2.3
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
Demonstrated Crosswind Component, Crosswind Diagram
Maximum demonstrated crosswind component:
15 knots (27 km/h)
WARNING
Stronger crosswind components may render the aircraft uncontrollable!
0°
50
10°
20°
30°
headwind component [kt]
40
40°
50°
30
60°
20
70°
10
80°
0
0
20
10
30
90°
50
40
60
crosswind component [kt]
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-102
A.05
A.02 (15.10.2013)
26.06.2017
5-5
5.2.4
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
Flight Planning
The performance tables and diagrams on the following pages contain all information required
for flight planning from take-off at your point of departure to the landing at your destination.
Experience shows that the data determined during flight planning match the values achieved in
flight accurately. However, it is important that flight planning is done carefully, that the aircraft is
in a good operating condition and that the pilot is proficient.
During flight planning, it is important to be conservative when reading diagrams and rounding
values. Differences between the actual performance data of the aircraft “at hand” and the data
specified in this manual, the influence of turbulence or wing contamination can cause errors of
up to 10% when calculating range and endurance.
NOTE
Insects or other contamination on the propeller or the leading edge of the wing can significantly
reduce the performance and handling qualities of the aircraft.
The influence of altitude and ambient air temperature on performance is determined as follows:
1.
2.
Set the altimeter to 29.92 inHg (1013 hPa) to determine pressure altitude.
Using the appropriate diagrams and the ambient air temperature, the density
altitude influence can be accounted for.
CAUTION
Reset the altimeter to the appropriate altimeter setting (local QNH value) to determine altitude
above sea level.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-102
A.05
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26.06.2017
5-6
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PEFORMANCE
5.2.5 Take-off Distance
Notes:
Airspeed [KIAS]
Take-off Weight
[lbs]([kg])
Lift-Off
50 ft
1653 (750)
50
57
1323 (600)
50
55
1000
3280
900
2952
800
2624
700
2296
600
1968
500
1640
400
1312
300
984
200
656
100
328
- For operations on dry, grass runway, increase ground roll
distance by 25%, on soft grass runway up to 40%.
- Snow and slush require an appropriate increase in ground roll.
- In high humidity conditions the take-off dictance may increase up to 10%.
Conditions:
- An improperly maintained aircraft, deviating from procedures,
Throttle
Wide Open (max 5 min.)
poor meteorological and ambient conditions (rain, crosswind,
RPM:
2385 RPM
wind shear etc.) may increase take-off distances significantly.
Flaps:
T/O
Paved, level, dry runway
Pressure
Altitude
Take-off Distance [m] [ft]
Ground Roll [m] [ft]
Tail Wind
Headwind
0
-30
-20
‐22 ‐4
Example:
-10
0
10
14 32 50 20
30
68 86
°C
Outside Air Temperature °F
40 750 725 700 675 650 625 600 575 550
104 1650 1540 1430 1320 1210 kg
Take-off weight
lb
Pressure Altitude 1800 ft
Take-off Weight 1587 lbs (720 kg)
Outside Air Temperature 64°F (18°C)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-102
Issue:
A.05
Supersedes Issue:
A.02 (15.10.2013)
0
2
4
6
8
10 12 14 16 18 20
Wind Component [kts]
Headwind: 8 kts
Date:
26.06.2017
0
0
Do not interpolate at altitudes
between 0 and 50 ft!
Obstacle Height [ft]
Take-off roll: 663 ft (202 m)
Take-off distance: 1230ft (375 m)
Page:
5-7
50
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
Performance
5.2.6 Rate of Climb / Cruise Altitude
Take-off Weight
[lbs]([kg])
Service Ceiling (ISA)
1653 (750)
1323 (600)
Best Rate-of-Climb Speed [KIAS]
MSL-5000 ft
10 000 ft
13 000 ft
14 500 ft
65
63
61
14 500 ft
62
61
60
1500
1400
Conditions:
1300
Throttle: MCP
RPM 2260 URPM
1200
Flaps: UP
1100
Pressure Altitude
900
800
700
600
Rate-of-Climb
b [ft/min
[ft/m ]
1000
500
400
300
200
100
‐30 (‐22) ‐20 (‐4)
‐10 (14)
0 (32) 10 (50) 20 (68) Outside Air Temprature [°C (°F)]
30 (86) 40 (104)
750 (1650) Example: Pressure Altitude 3000 ft
700 (1540) 650 (1430) Weight 1587 lb (720 kg)
600 (1320) Weight [kg (lb)]
0
550 (1210)
Rate-of-Climb 575 ft/min
Outside Air Temperature +59°F (15°C)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-102
FM AT01 1010 102
Issue:
A.05
Supersedes Issue:
A.02 (15.10.2013)
Date:
26.06.2017
Page:
5-8
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
5.2.7 Climb: Fuel, time and Distance
Conditions:
2260 rpm, MCP,
Flaps : UP
m = 750 kg (1653 lb)
no-wind
Vy= 65 KIAS, to 5000 ft
Vy= 63 KIAS, to 10.000 ft
Vy= 61 KIAS, to 13.000 ft
For each 8°C above ISA, increase
time, distance and fuel by 10%.
14000
13000
Fuel
Time
12000
Distance
11000
10000
Pressure Head
d [[ft]
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
0 (0)
5 (1.32)
10 (2.64)
15 (3.96)
10 - 3.2 = 6.8 NM
8.8 - 2.9 = 5.9 min = 5' 54"
20 (5.28)
Issue:
A.05
30 (7.93)
35 (9.24)
see page 5‐18
Supersedes Issue:
A.02 (15.10.2013)
45 (11.9)
40
(10.6)
Fuel, Time, Distance[liter (gallons), min, NM]
4.7 - 1.5 = 3.2 liter
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-102
25 (6.60)
Example:
Airport Pressure Head 1800 ft
Cruising Flight Pressure Head 5000 ft
Date:
26.06.2017
Page:
5-9
50 (13.2)
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
5.2.8 Cruising Speed (TAS  True airspeed)
Conditions:
Performance: Settings after schedule on page 5-11
Flight weight: 750 kg (1653 lb)
Flaps: UP
Notice: Flying without any wheel fairings or with mud guards reduces performance up to
10%.
12000
Pressure Head
10000
Density Altitude [ft]
8000
6000
MCP = RPM 2260
4000
Performance:
2000
55%
65%
75%
85%
0
-2000
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
‐76
‐40
‐4
32
68
104
95
°C
Outside Air Temperature °F
Example: Pressure Head 5000 ft
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
Knots True Airspeed [KTAS]
Density Altitude: 5600 ft
Set Performance: 75%
Speed: 121 kts
Outside Air Temperature +50°F (+10°C)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-102
FM AT01 1010 102
Issue:
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A.02 (15.10.2013)
Date:
26.06.2017
Page:
5 - 10
135
5.2.9
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
Cruise Power Settings
altitude
MCP:
RPM:
MP:
FF:
maximum continuous power
revolutions per minute
manifold pressure
fuel flow
Correction for non ISA temperature conditions:
For each 50°F (10°C) above ISA:
For each 50°F (10°C) below ISA:
increase Manifold Pressure by 3%,
Fuel consumption increases by 5%
decrease Manifold Pressure by 3%,
Fuel consumption decreases by 5%
Sample calculation: page 5.22
Document Nr.:
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5 - 11
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
5.2.10 Maximum Endurance
Condition:
Power setting: according to the table on page 5-11
Airplane mass: 1653 lbs (750 kg)
Flaps: UP
NOTE:
Fuel quantity: usable fuel 28.9 US gal (109.6 l)
A not properly maintained engine
The calculation of the endurance includes:
and aircraft may considerably
1. Fuel for engine start-up and taxiing: 0.5 US gal (2 l)
reduce the endurance of the airplane.
2. Fuel for take-off and climb to cruise altitude with max.
continuous power as well as fuel for the descent
3. Reserve for 30 min. of holding at 55% = 2 US gal (7.5 l)
12000
Pressure
Head (ISA)
10000
Density Altitude [ft]]
8000
6000
4000
Performance:
2000
MCP
n=2260
75%
85%
65%
55%
0
3,0
3,5
4,0
-20 -10 0
10 20 30 40
‐4 32 68 104 °C
Outside Air Temperature
°F
Example Pressure Altitude 5000 ft
Density Altitude: 5600 ft
-60 -50 -40
‐76 ‐40
-30
4,5
5,0
5,5
6,0
6,5
7,0
7,5
Flight Duration [h]
Power Setting: 75%
Endurance: 4.52 h = 4 h 31'
Outside Air Temperature: 50°F (+10°C)
Document Nr.:
FM AT01 1010 102
FM-AT01-1010-102
Issue:
A.05
Supersedes Issue:
A.02 (15.10.2013)
Date:
26.06.2017
Page:
5 - 12
8,0
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
5.2.11 Maximum Range
Condition:
Power setting: according to the table on page 5-11
Airplane mass: 1653 lbs (750 kg)
Flaps: UP
NOTE:
Fuel quantity: usable fuel 28.9 US gal (109.6 l)
A not properly maintained engine
The calculation of the range includes:
and aircraft may considerably
1. Fuel for engine start-up and taxiing: 0.5 US gal (2 l)
reduce the range of the airplane.
2. Fuel for take-off and climb to cruise altitude with max.
continuous power as well as fuel for the descent
3. Reserve for 30 min. of holding at 55% = 2 US gal (7.5 l)
12000
Pressure
Head (ISA)
10000
Density Altitude [ft]]
8000
6000
4000
2000
Performance:
MCP
n=2260
85%
75%
65%
55%
0
-60
-40
‐76 ‐40
-20
0
20
40
‐4 32 68 104 °C
Outside Air Temperature
°F
Example Pressure Altitude 5000 ft
400
425
450
475
500
525
550
575
600
625
650
675
700
725
Range [NM]
Density Altitude: 5600 ft
Power Setting: 75%
Range: 534 NM
Outside Air Temperature: 50°F (+10°C)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-103
Issue:
A.05
Supersedes Issue:
A.02 (15.10.2013)
(
)
Date:
26.06.2017
Page:
5 - 13
750
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
5.2.12 Descent: Fuel, Time and Distance
Process:
Conditions:
In descent follow a speed of 121 KIAS.
Manifold Pressure: as required. Approx. 15 in Hg
Set performance for a descent rate of 750 ft / min.
Speed of Rotation: 2000 rpm
Keep the engine temperature in the green range.
Flaps:
UP
If necessary, activate carburetor heat.
14000
Fuel
Time
13000
12000
Distance
11000
10000
Pressure Hea
Head [ft]
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
Annotations:
- The values shown are for no-wind conditions
- The chart is valid for all permissible masses and
Outside Air Temperatures.
3000
2000
1000
0
0 (0)
2
(0.5)
4
(1.0)
6
(1.6)
8
(2.1)
10
(2.6)
Fuel: 1.0 - 0.1 = 0.9 liter
12
(3.2)
14
16
18
20 (5.3) 22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
(9.5)
(5.8)
(7.4)
(7.9)
(9.0)
(3.7)
(4.2)
(4.8)
(6.9)
(10.0)
(6.3)
(8.4)
Fuel, Time, Distance [liter (gallon), min, NM]
Time: 6.7 - 0.5 = 6.2 min = 6'12"
see page 5‐18
Distance: 14.45 - 1 = 13.45 NM
Example: Cruising Flight Pressure Head: 5000 ft
Airport Pressure Head: 380 ft Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-102
Issue:
A.05
Supersedes Issue:
A.02 (15.10.2013)
Date:
26.06.2017
Page:
5 - 14
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
5.2.13 Landing Distance
in 50 ft
Touchdown
1653 (750)
65
45
- An improperly maintained aircraft, deviating from procedures,
1323 (600)
65
43
poor meteorological and ambient conditions (rain, crosswind,
wind shear etc.) may increase landing distances significantly.
- When landing on a dry, grass runway, increase the required landing distances by 15%.
- Increase ground roll appropriately for wet grass/ground, ice, snow and slush.
Conditions:
Power setting: Idle
Propeller: Take-off (propeller control lever: HIGH-RPM position)
Flaps: LDG
Maximum brake application.
Paved, level and dry runway.
Tailwind
Landing Distance [m] [ft]
Pressure
Head
4000 ft
2000 ft
MSL
Headwind
1000
3280
900
2952
800
2624
700
2296
600
1968
500
1640
400
1312
300
984
200
656
100
328
0
-30 -20 -10
0
10
20
30
40
750 725 700 675 650 625 600 575 550
1650 1540 1430 1320 1210 ‐22 ‐4
14 32 50 68 86 104
°C
Outside Air Temperature
Landing mass kg
°F
lb
Example:
Pressure altitude: 380 ft
Landing mass: 1452 lbs (659 kg)
Outside air temperature: 68°F (20°C)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-102
Issue:
A.05
0
2
4
6
8 10 12 14 16
Wind Component [kts]
Headwind component: 9 kts
Supersedes Issue:
A.02 (15.10.2013)
18
20
50
Do not use
intermediate
values!
Obstacle Height [ft]
Landing distance: 1230 ft (375 m)
Ground roll: 525 ft (160 m)
Date:
26.06.2017
Page:
5 - 15
0
0
Ground Roll [m] [ft]
NOTES:
Airspeed [KIAS]
Ldg Weight
[lbs]([kg])
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
5.2.14 Climb Performance after Balked Landing
Conditions:
1000
Performance: full throttle
Rotation spees: 2385 rpm
Flaps: LDG
900
Speed: 55 KIAS
800
600
500
400
Rate of Climb[ft/
imb[ft/min]
700
Pressure
Head
300
200
100
-30 (-22) -20 (-4)
-10 (14)
0 (32)
10 (50)
20 (68)
30 (86)
40
750 (1650)
700 (1550)
0
550 (1400)
600(1450)
Weight [kg (lb)]
Outside Air Temperature (OAT) [°C (°F)]
Example: Pressure Head 380 ft
650(1500)
Weight 659 kg (1452 lb)
Rate of Climb 490 ft/min
Outside Air Temperature +20°C (+68°F)
Document Nr.:
FM-AT01-1010-102
Issue:
A.05
Supersedes Issue:
(
)
A.02 (15.10.2013)
Date:
26.06.2017
Page:
5 - 16
5.2.15
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
Flight Planning Example
The following contains a flight-planning example to demonstrate the use of the tables,
charts and data presented in this section of the POH. The flight planning is based upon
the following conditions:
Aircraft
Take-off weight: ............................................. 1587 lbs (720 kg)
Usable fuel: .................................................... 29 US Gal (109.6 ltr)
Wheel fairings installed
Conditions at the departure airfield
Pressure altitude: ........................................... 1800 ft
Temperature: ................................................. 64°F (18°C), 13°F (7°C) above ISA in 1800 ft
RWY direction: ............................................... 24 (240°)
Wind conditions.............................................. 280°/10 kts
RWY length (paved, level and dry RWY) ....... 2040 ft (620 m)
Cruise conditions
Overall flight distance to destination .............. 480 NM (888 km)
Cruise altitude (altimeter setting 1013 hPa) ... 5000 ft
Temperature at cruise altitude . ..................... 50°F (10°C), 9°F (5°C) above ISA in 5000 ft
Reported wind en-route ................................. 10 kts tailwind component
Conditions at the destination airfield
Pressure altitude ............................................ 380 ft
Temperature .................................................. 68°F (20°C), 11°F (6°C) above ISA in 380 ft
RWY direction ................................................ 27 (270°)
Wind conditions.............................................. 220°/15 kts
RWY length (dry and level grass RWY) ......... 2560 ft (780 m)
TAKE-OFF DISTANCE
Before using chart 5.2.5 on page 5-7 to determine the required take-off run and take-off
distance, the crosswind component of the wind relative to runway direction must be
obtained from chart 5.2.3 on page 5-5.
Relative to the runway heading, the wind is 40° from the right at 10 kts.
Using these values and chart 5.2.3, we obtain a headwind component of 8 kts and a
crosswind component of 7 kts. .
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-102
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26.06.2017
5 - 17
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
We now have all the necessary data to determine the required take-off distances from
chart 5.2.5:
Take-off ground roll.........................................202 m
Lift-off speed...................................................50 KIAS
Take-off distance over a 50 ft obstacle...........375 m
Airspeed in 50 ft..............................................57 KIAS
The required take-off distance is less than the available runway length (TODA) of 620m.
CLIMB
Using chart 5.2.7 a best rate-of-climb of 575 ft/min is determined for an aircraft with a
take-off weight of 1587 lbs (720 kg) in 3000 ft at a temperature of 59 °F (15 °C).
Time needed and distance covered as well as fuel consumption for the climb may be
calculated using chart 5.2.7.
Since take-off occurs at an altitude of 1800 ft, the values for climb to this altitude must
be subtracted from the time required, distance covered and fuel consumption to the
cruise altitude (5000 ft).
Since the outside air temperature is up to 13°F (7°C) above ISA, the values determined
must be increased by 10%. For our example, we obtain the following:
Climbing time:....................(8.8 – 2.9) . 1.1 = 6.5 min = 6‘29“
Climbing distance:.............(10 NM – 3.2 NM) . 1.1 = 7.5 NM
Fuel needed:.....................(4.7 ltr – 1.5 ltr) . 1.1 = 3.5 liters
(1.24 US gal – 0.4 US gal) . 1.1 = 0.924 US gal
The reported tailwind component of 10 kts at the cruise altitude also has an effect on
the climb. However, it has no influence on climbing time and fuel consumption.
Since wind speed tends to increase with altitude, we will assume a tail wind of 7 kts for
the entire climb.
During the climb, the tail wind acts on the aircraft for 6.5 minutes. As a result, we obtain
for the covered distance over the ground during the climb segment:
7.5 NM +
7 kts ⋅ 6.5 min
= 8.25 NM
60 min/h
This result shows that the wind only has a small influence on climbing distance and is
only of importance when large head or tail winds are present or when climbing to high
altitudes. In this example, the wind influence on climbing distance could have been
neglected.
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-102
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26.06.2017
5 - 18
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
CRUISE
Cruise altitude is chosen under consideration of flight distance, en-route winds and
aircraft performance. In this flight-planning example, a typical cruise altitude and enroute wind condition has been chosen.
The range diagram 5.2.11 on page 5-13 shows the relationship between the engine
power setting and the maximum achievable range. Lower power settings result in
considerable fuel savings and thus greater achievable ranges.
Applying this chart to our example, a power setting of 75 % and a pressure altitude of
5000 ft give a maximum range of 534 NM at a true airspeed of 121 KTAS. The true
airspeed at cruise was obtained from chart 5.2.8 on page 5-10 taking into account the
atmospheric conditions (outside air temperature and chosen cruise pressure altitude)
and the chosen power setting.
The maximum possible flight endurance is obtained from chart 5.2.10 on page 5-13. In
our example, the maximum endurance is 4.52 hours at a power setting of 75 %. This
maximum flight endurance and the maximum flight range determined above include 30
minutes of reserve at a power setting of 55 %, engine start-up/taxiing, take-off, climb,
cruise, descent and landing.
Taking the reported tailwind of 10 kts in 5000 ft into account, the maximum achievable
range of 534 NM must be corrected as follows:
Range with no wind
Range increase due to 10 kts tailwind (4,52 h x 10 kts)
534,0 NM
45,2 NM
579,2 NM
This shows that, for a flight over a distance of 480 NM at a cruise power setting of 75 %,
the fuel reserve is sufficient.
DESCENT
Chart 5.2.12 on page 5-14 is used to calculate time, distance and fuel consumption for
the descent segment. In our flight-planning example, descent is initiated at cruise
altitude (5000 ft) and ends at 380 ft. During descent, the altimeter setting must be
adjusted to local QNH.
Descent duration:................................. 6.7 min – 0.5 min = 6.2 min = 6‘ 12“
Descent distance:.................................14.45 NM – 1.0 NM = 13.45 NM
Fuel required:... 0.26 US gal (1.0 ltr) – 0.03 US gal (0.1 ltr) = 0.23 US gal (0.9 ltr)
Document Nr.:
Issue:
Supersedes Issue:
Date:
Page:
FM-AT01-1010-102
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5 - 19
POH / AFM
Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
CALCULATION OF FUEL REQUIRED
Fuel required for engine start-up and taxiing
0.53 US gal (2.0 ltr)
(General Value, see remark “Fuel Quantity” on pg. 5-12 and 5-13)
Fuel required for climb (page 5-18)
+0.92 US gal (3.5 ltr)
1.45 US gal (5.5 ltr)
Climb distance (page 5-18)
Wind correction (tailwind)
7.5 NM
+ 0.7 NM
8.2 NM
During the descent from 5000 ft to 380 ft, a distance of 13.45 NM is covered and 0.23
US gal (0.9 ltr) of fuel consumed (page 5-14). The influence of the wind has been
neglected.
Overall flight distance
Climb distance
Descent distance
Cruise section
480.00 NM
8.20 NM
- 13.45 NM
458.35 NM
With the expected 10 kts tail wind, we obtain a (estimated) ground speed of:
121 kts + 10 kts = 131 kts
for the time spent in cruise we obtain:
458.35 NM
= 3.50 h = 3h 30‘
131 kts
The fuel required for the cruise segment is:
3.50 h x 5.9 US gal/h (22.2 l/h) = 20.65 US gal (77.70 liters)
A fuel flow of 5.9 US gal/h (22.2 l/h) is calculated from the table on page 5-11 in the
section for the power setting of 75 % MCP as follows:
With a temperature of 50°F (10°C) in 5000 ft, we obtain a density altitude of 5600 ft
(refer to the tables on page 5-10 and 5-12).
To obtain the value for 5600 ft density altitude from the table on page 5-11, we need to
interpolate between 5000 ft and 6000 ft. By using density altitude and not pressure
altitude, we have already accounted for the deviation from ISA conditions. An additional
correction, as shown on page 5-11, is no longer necessary as fuel consumption is
already shown at density altitude.
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Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
The total amount of fuel required is calculated as follows:
Engine start-up, taxiing and climb
Cruise
Descent
Total fuel required
1.45 US gal (5.5 ltr)
20.65 US gal (77.7 ltr)
0.23 US gal (0.9 ltr)
22.33 US gal (84.1 ltr)
If we assume full tanks at take-off, the following reserve remains:
Amount of usable fuel
Total fuel required
Fuel reserve:
28.96 US gal (109.6 ltr)
-22.33 US gal (84.1 ltr)
6.63 US gal (25.5 ltr)
The actual ground speed of the aircraft must be regularly checked and tracked during
flight as it forms the basis of our calculations. If, for example, the expected tailwind of 10
kts does not materialize, the power setting may have to be reduced to 65 % MCP to
achieve the same range with the same amount of fuel.
LANDING DISTANCE
To determine the required landing distance use chart 5.2.13 on page 5-15. Once again
use chart 5.2.3 on page 5-5 to determine the wind components relative to the runway.
Relative to the runway heading, the wind is 50° from the left at 15 kts. This gives a
headwind component of 9 kts and a crosswind component of 12 kts.
The landing weight is:
Take-off weight
Fuel burned
(84.1 ltr x 0,73 kg/l = 61.4 kg)
1587 lbs (720 kg)
- 135 lbs (61.4 kg)
1452 lbs (658.6 kg)
Landing distance required over a 50 ft obstacle
Addition for grass runway (dry: +15%)
1230 ft (375 m)
1417 ft (432 m)
Ground roll
Addition for grass runway (dry: +15%)
525 ft (160 m)
604 ft (184 m)
The available runway length of 2560 ft (780 m) is sufficient.
The reported crosswind component is also below the maximum demonstrated
crosswind component (15 kts.).
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Section 5
AQUILA AT01-100B
PERFORMANCE
Sample Calculation:
Cruise altitude:
ISA temperature:
Temperature in cruise altitude:
Power setting:
RPM:
Manifold pressure for ISA (see chart):
Manifold pressure calculated for ISA + 10°C:
Fuel consumption for ISA:
Fuel consumption calculated for ISA + 10°C:
5.3
2000 ft
52°F (11°C)
70°F (21°C), 18°F (10°C) above ISA in 2000 ft
65%
2000 RPM
24.7 in Hg
24.7+ (24.7 x 0.03) =25.4 in Hg
4.3 US gal/h (16 l/h)
4.3 + (4.3 x 0.05) = 4.5 US gal/h (17 l/h)
NOISE CHARACTERISTICS / ABATEMENT
Certification basis
Actual
(MTOW: 750kg / 1653 lbs)
Maximum Allowable
CS-36, Amendment 3
65.1 dB(A)
74.2 dB(A)
ICAO Annex 16, Chapter 10
65.1 dB(A)
74.2 dB(A)
The FAA has made no determination that these noise levels are acceptable or
unacceptable for operations at any airport.
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
SECTION 7
DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRCRAFT AND ITS SYSTEMS
Page
7.1
INTRODUCTION
7-3
Garmin G-500 (Primary Flight Display)
7-3
7.2
AIRFRAME
7-4
7.3
FUESELAGE
7-4
7.4
WING
7-4
7.5
EMPENNAGE
7-5
7.6
FLIGHT CONTROLS
7-5
7.6.1
Ailerons
7-5
7.6.2
Elevator and Trim System
7-5
7.6.3
Rudder
7-6
7.6.4
Flaps and Flap Position Indication
7-6
INSTRUMENT PANEL
7-7
7.7.1
Overview Control Panel
7-8
7.7.2
Cabin Heat
7-8
7.7.3
Cabin Ventilation
7-8
7.8
SEATS, SEATBELTS AND HARNESSES
7-9
7.9
BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT
7-9
7.10
CANOPY
7-9
7.11
UNDERCARRIAGE
7-10
7.11.1
Nose Landing Gear and Nose Wheel Steering
7-10
7.11.2
Main Landing Gear and Brake System
7-10
7.11.3
Parking Brake
7-10
7.11.4
Wheel Fairings
7-11
7.1.1
7.7
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
POWER PLANT
7-12
7.12.1
Engine
7-12
7.12.2
Propeller
7-12
7.12.3
Throttle and Propeller Control
7-13
7.12.4
Choke
7-14
7.12.5
Carburetor Heat
7-14
FUEL SYSTEM
7-15
7.13.1
Overview
7-15
7.13.2
Fuel Tank
7-16
7.13.3
Fuel Selector / Shut-Off Valve
7-16
7.13.4
Fuel Level Indication
7-17
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
7-18
7.14.1
Power Supply and Battery System
7-18
7.14.2
Ignition System and Starter
7-18
7.14.3
Electrical Equipment and Circuit Breakers
7-20
7.14.4
Voltmeter and Ammeter
7-20
7.14.5
Warning Light ALT 1
7-20
7.14.6
Warning Light FUEL
7-20
7.14.7
Engine Instruments and Fuel Level Indicator
7-21
7.14.8
External Power Unit
7-21
PITOT-STATIC SYSTEM
7-22
Pitot Heat
7-22
7.16
STALL WARNING SYSTEM
7-23
7.17
AVIONICS
7-23
7.13
7.14
7.15
7.15.1
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
INTRODUCTION
Section 7 of the Pilot's Operating Handbook contains a description of the entire aircraft and its
systems, including the integration of the GARMIN G500 systems as well as information related
to their use.
Refer to Section 9 for the description and operating instructions of optional equipment and
systems.
NOTE
A more in depth description and the user manuals of the GARMIN G500 can be found in the
documents published by the manufacturer, GARMIN G 500 Pilot's Guide.
7.1.1
Garmin G500 (Primary Flight Display)
The GARMIN G500 has 2 displays, the PFD and the MFD. Together they form the Garmin
Display Unit (GDU). In addition, the GDU has an Attitude and Heading Reference System
(AHRS unit) and an Air-Data Computer (ADC unit).
The GARMIN G500 system is organized as shown in the following illustration.
The GDU is attached to the aircraft power supply through a push-pull type circuit breaker. The
circuit breaker is located on the right side of the instrument panel and is labeled PFD.
The AHRS unit and the magnetometer are attached to the power supply through their own
push-pull circuit breaker. The circuit breaker is located on the right side of the instrument panel
and is labeled AHRS. The AHRS unit is located under the right half of the baggage
compartment floor. The AHRS is attached to the GDU with its own wiring harness.
The ADC and the OAT probe are also protected with a push-pull circuit breaker. The circuit
breaker is also located on the right side of the instrument panel and is marked with ADC.
Current flows through all 3 circuit breakers as soon as the ALT1 / BAT switch has been turned
on.
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
AIRFRAME
The Aquila AT01-100 is a modern single engine two seater in a side-by-side configuration. Due
to its high useful load, roomy cockpit, large baggage compartment, good cruise performance
and light yet incredibly sturdy airframe, the Aquila is not only a great aircraft for longer tours but
also an ideal training platform.
The aircraft is a low wing configuration with a mid mounted horizontal stabilizer.
With the exception of the landing gear, the engine mount, and a few fittings the Aquila AT01100 is built entirely of composite material. Most components are fabricated using glass-fiberreinforced plastic (GFRP), with carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) being employed where
extra strength is required.
7.3
FUSELAGE
The fuselage and the vertical stabilizer are fabricated in two half shells. While the fuselage
portion of the shell is fabricated from solid fiberglass laminate, the vertical stabilizer portion has
a sandwich structure.
On the engine side the firewall, which is made of a GFRP/CFRP sandwich, is covered with a
special fire-resistant ceramic fleece and a stainless steel sheet.
The landing gear frame, together with the seat frame, supports the main landing gear struts.
The frame continues upwards and forms a massive roll cage made from GFRP and CFRP.
7.4
WING
The wing is designed with a triple trapezoid planform and a swept-back leading edge. The wing
is fastened to fuselage from below using 4 bolts.
The wing shells are GFRP/foam sandwich composite constructions and are reinforced locally
by CFRP unidirectional bands.
The fuel tanks are integrated into the leading edge of the wing structure. The 2 fuel tanks, one
on each side, have a volume of approx. 15.8 US gal (60 l) each. The inner surface of the fuel
tank is sealed with a special surface lining to protect the wing structure from damage.
The position lights, ACL (Anti-Collision Light) and the fuel tank vents are integrated into the
winglets.
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
EMPENNAGE
The vertical and horizontal stabilizers, as well as the elevator and rudder are semi-monocoque
sandwich composite constructions. The shells are fabricated from a GFRP sandwich reinforced
by carbon fiber bands.
The horizontal stabilizer assembly is bonded directly to the fuselage and cannot be removed.
7.6
FLIGHT CONTROLS
The flight controls of the Aquila AT01-100 are of conventional design using a control column
and non-adjustable rudder pedals. The elevator and ailerons are controlled via push-pull-rods,
the rudder via cables.
The flaps and the trim system are electrically actuated.
7.6.1
Ailerons
The ailerons are controlled using push-pull-rods.
A bell crank in the middle of the main wing spar sets the differentiation of the ailerons.
Adjustable stops near the control column are used to limit the aileron deflection.
7.6.2
Elevator and Trim System
The elevator is controlled using push-pull-rods.
Adjustable stops near the control column are used to limit the elevator deflection.
The trim system is an electrically actuated spring trim. Even in a situation such as trim runaway,
the aircraft remains controllable, though the stick forces may become somewhat higher. The
trim is controlled by a spring-loaded switch. The trim indicator is located in the middle of the
instrument panel.
The take-off position of the trim is marked on the indicator.
Switch forward:
nose down
Switch aft:
nose up
In addition, the trim system is protected by a resettable circuit breaker.
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
Rudder
The rudder is controlled by the rudder pedals by way of cables running in special guides. The
control surface travel is limited by stops at the lower rudder attachment fitting.
Precise control and good maneuverability during taxiing on the ground is accomplished by
linking the nose wheel steering mechanism directly with the rudder pedals. Differential breaking
may be used to further reduce the turning radius.
The seat can easily be adjusted to allow the pilot to comfortably reach the rudder pedals.
7.6.4
Flaps and Flap Position Indication
The flaps are driven by an electric motor, via a spindle and push-pull-rods.
A three-position selector switch is incorporated in the instrument panel for flap operation. A flap
position indicator is also located on the instrument panel.
In cruise position the upper green light is illuminated (UP)
In take-off position the middle green light is illuminated (T/O)
In landing position the lower green light is illuminated (LDG)
The flap selector switch position corresponds accordingly to the flap position.
Stripe markings on the flap leading edge offer an additional possibility to visually check the flap
position.
A self locking spindle will maintain a flap position, even in the event on an electrical failure.
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
NOTE:
The actual installation
depending on certified
complementary equipment.
INSTRUMENT PANEL AT01-100B (sample)
15
17
16
19
20
1
30
3
4
5
6
7
8
21
22
23
24
29
14
9 10 11 12 13
may differ
changes or
25
26
27
28
30
For minimum instrument requirements, refer to Section 2.12 of this manual
No.
Description
No.
Description
No.
Description
No.
Description
No.
Description
No.
Description
1
GARMIN G500
6
Avionics
11
P/S Heat (opt.)
16
Warning Lights
21
Manifold Press. Indicator
26
Oil Temp. Indicator
2
Not Occupied
7
Nav-Light
12
Reserved
17
ELT
22
RPM-Indicator (Prop.)
27
Ammeter
3
Ignition Switch
8
ACL
13
Reserved
18
Not Occupied
23
Fuel Level Indicator
28
Oil Pressure Indicator
4
ALT1/BAT
9
Landing Light
14
Flap Control Switch
19
COM/NAV/GPS
24
Cyl. Head Temp. Indicator
29
Circuit Breakers
5
Fuel Pump
10
Instrument Light (opt)
15
Compass
20
Transponder
25
Voltmeter
30
Ventilation Nozzle
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.7.1 Overview Control Panel
Controls and displays located on the control panel which is located below the
midsection of the instrument panel, are placed so as to be easily viewed and operated
from both seats.
1
4
2
3
6
5
8
7
9
10
7.7.2 Cabin Heat
The cabin heat control knob, by which the hot-air flap is opened and closed, is located
in the forward section of the control panel.
At the front section of the instrument panel cover the heated air is divided up for
windshield defrosting and cabin heating.
7.7.3
Cabin Ventilation
Two adjustable ventilation nozzles are located on both sides of the instrument panel to
supply fresh air to the cabin. The amount and direction of fresh airflow can be adjusted
individually for each seat by pivot-mounted nozzle outlets. If required, the sliding
windows in the canopy may also be opened for additional ventilation of the cabin
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
SEATS, SEATBELTS AND HARNESSES
The seats of the AQUILA AT01-100 are fabricated from composite materials and are
equipped with integrated head rests and removable, energy-absorbing seat cushions.
An oil/gas spring strut with locking mechanism holds the seat in the adjusted position.
To adjust the seating position, the spring strut must be unlocked by pushing a handle
located by your thigh.
Both seats are equipped with four-part seat belts with a central rotary buckle. The
shoulder harnesses are connected to inertial reels.
To fasten the seat belts, put each belt fitting successively into the associated
receptacles of the rotary buckle until a distinctive “snap” sound is heard. The seat belts
can be released by turning the handle of the rotary buckle clockwise.
7.9
BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT
The AQUILA AT01-100 incorporates a large baggage compartment behind the seats
which can be loaded through a lockable baggage door. The baggage compartment is
also accessible through the cabin.
The maximum permissible load in the baggage compartment is 88 lbs (40 kg). The
weight and centre of gravity limits of the aircraft (refer to Section 6 of this handbook)
must be observed when loading. The baggage door must be locked during flight.
Tie-down rings for straps are provided on the floor panels of the baggage compartment
to strap down baggage and other payload. Suitable tie-down straps may be purchased
from the aircraft manufacturer. For small or loose articles, a baggage net is
recommended, which is also available for purchase.
7.10 CANOPY
The large canopy of the AQUILA AT01-100 offers an excellent all around view and
allows unrestricted access to the cabin. Small sliding windows on both sides of the
canopy serve as emergency view windows and can be used for additional cabin
ventilation. The canopy is operated by a hand lever located on the left hand side of
canopy frame. A gas spring strut adds support while opening the canopy.
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.11 LANDING GEAR
The landing gear consists of a steerable nose gear that is equipped with a shock
absorber and a main landing gear. To provide precise control of the aircraft while taxiing
on the ground, the nose gear strut is linked directly to the rudder pedals. The main gear
struts are made of spring steel to absorb the touch-down loads during landing.
Hydraulically actuated disc brakes are provided on the main landing gear.
Because of the robust landing gear and the 5.00 x 5 wheels on the nose and main
wheels the AQUILA AT01-100 can be easily operated from a grass surface.
The aircraft can be operated with full size wheel pants or, for soft field operation, mud
guards.
7.11.1 Nose Landing Gear and Nose Wheel Steering
The direct linkage between nose wheel and rudder pedals minimizes brake wear.
Good shock absorption and suspension characteristics are provided by a shock
absorber made of stacked rubber springs located in the nose wheel fork.
The direct linkage between the nose wheel steering and rudder operation allows swift
taxiing, precise taxi maneuvers and small turn radii, also in crosswind conditions without
excessive braking.
Differential breaking may be used to reduce the turning radius even further.
7.11.2 Main Landing Gear and Brake System
The main landing gear consists of two cantilever struts which act as leaf-springs to
absorb the touch-down loads.
The main wheels are equipped with hydraulically actuated disc brakes. The brakes are
activated individually on each side by tilting the corresponding rudder pedal in the
cockpit forward with the toe. Due to separate brake circuits, the left and right wheel
brakes can be actuated individually.
7.11.3 Parking Brake
The parking brake lever is located in the central control panel. Actuating the parking
brake locks the main wheel brakes.
To set the parking brake, the wheel brakes are applied simultaneously with the rudder
pedals and, when the desired brake pressure is achieved, the control lever is pulled into
the locked position.
To release the parking brake, push the parking brake lever all the way forward.
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AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.11.4 Wheel Fairings
It is important that no dirt or snow accumulate underneath the wheel pants. For this
reason the Aquila AT01-100 can be operated with either full wheel pants (high-speed),
with mud guards (soft-field), or without any wheel fairings. The aircraft can also be flown
with a combination of wheel fairings, as long as the left and right main wheels have the
same fairing.
NOTE
Flying without any kind of wheel fairing increases the chance of damage due to stones
which, in turn, may lead to extensive, unscheduled maintenance work.
NOTE
Flying without any wheel fairings or with mud guards reduces performance up to 10%.
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.12 POWER PLANT
7.12.1 Engine
The ROTAX 912S is a 4 cylinder, 4 stroke horizontally opposed engine with liquidcooled cylinder heads and air-cooled cylinder barrels. It has brushless magnetos, 2
carburetors, a mechanical fuel pump, a reduction drive, an integrated alternator (ALT2),
an alternator (ALT1) and an attachment for a hydraulic constant speed propeller.
Reduction ratio of internal gearbox:
Displacement:
max. takeoff power (5 min.):
at max. takeoff propeller speed:
max. continuous power:
at max. continuous propeller speed:
2.43 : 1
82.5 in³
98.6 BHP
2385 RPM
92.5 BHP
2260 RPM
(1352 cm³)
(73.5 kW)
(69.0 kW)
Other information can be found in the engine handbook.
7.12.2 Propeller
A two-blade, hydraulically controlled variable pitch propeller (constant speed propeller)
of wood-composite-hybrid construction.
Manufacturer:
Type:
Diameter:
mt-Propeller
MTV-21-A/170-05
66.9 in
(170 cm)
The propeller blades are wrapped in composite material and protected along the leading
edge by a stainless steel sheath. Near the blade root, the propeller is protected
additionally by a thick plastic film.
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.12.3 Throttle and Propeller Control
The black throttle lever and the blue propeller control lever are located on the central
control panel.
The throttle controls the manifold pressure (MP):
Throttle forward:
Throttle aft:
Full throttle (high MP)
Idle (low MP)
The propeller control lever controls the pitch of the propeller blades:
Propeller control lever forward:
Propeller control lever aft:
Low pitch (high RPM)
High pitch (low RPM)
To obtain maximum engine power (max. manifold pressure), place both the throttle and
the propeller control levers in their full forward positions.
During climb and cruise, the manifold pressure (throttle position) and the propeller pitch
(propeller control lever position) are normally matched to each other. Refer to Section 5
of this manual and to ROTAX ® 912S Operator’s Manual for more information.
During the final approach for landing, the low pitch setting of the propeller is used to
increase the propeller drag at low power settings and to have full climb power available
in case of a missed approach (throttle aft and propeller control lever forward).
The adjustment of the propeller blade pitch is accomplished by a hydraulically operated
propeller governor that increases the pitch against a spring load. The oil-hydraulic
governor keeps the preselected propeller speed at a constant value regardless of
manifold pressure and airspeed (constant-speed control). In the case of oil pressure
loss, the blades will be automatically set into lowest pitch position. This ensures the
further availability of full power.
CAUTION
In the case of governor loss, the propeller behaves like a non-adjustable propeller.
Manifold pressure is set to ensure that max. permissible RPM is not exceeded.
The propeller does not have a feathered position.
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Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.12.4 Choke
The choke control knob is located on the control panel to the right of the carburetor heat
and cabin heat controls.
The choke may only be used for a short time when starting the engine in cold
conditions. The throttle must remain in Idle. The choke knob is spring-loaded and
returns to the OFF position when released.
7.12.5 Carburetor Heat
The carburetor heat push-pull type control element is located on the control panel to the
left of the choke and cabin heat.
The correct use of carburetor heat prevents the formation of carburetor ice that can
cause the engine to run rough and, in the worst case, complete engine failure. If
carburetor icing is encountered, it is usually possible to slowly melt the ice by activating
the carburetor heat while maintaining the same power setting.
A carburetor temperature gauge with a caution zone marked is available from the
manufacturer as optional equipment.
The functionality of the carburetor heat should be tested before every flight.
NOTE
Carburetor heat reduces engine power and must be used in accordance with standard
rules and procedures.
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Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.13 FUEL SYSTEM
7.13.1 Overview
right wing
right
wingtank
tank
leftwing
wing tank
tank
left
Fuel
line line
Fuelsupply
supply
Fuel
line line
Fuelreturn
return
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
15
Fuel Vent
Drain valve
Coarse fuel filter element
Fuel strainer
Electrical fuel pump
Fuel selector/shut-off valve
Engine-driven mechanical fuel pump
Fuel distributor on engine side
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Carburetor
Fuel pressure warning light
Dual fuel level indicator
Fuel filler cap
Firewall
Engine
Fuel level probe
Fuel System Schematic
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Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.13.2 Fuel Tank
Each wing is equipped with an integral fuel tank. The fuel line of each tank is equipped
with a removable coarse fuel filter. The fuel filler caps can be locked.
A drain valve is located at the lowest point of each fuel tank. Another drain valve is
located at the firewall. All drain valves can be easily operated.
A drainage cup is located on the inside of the baggage compartment door.
Fuel is supplied to the engine by a mechanical fuel pump built into the engine. The
mechanical fuel pump has an integrated fuel strainer. When needed, an electrical fuel
pump can also be switched on.
The electrical fuel pump is controlled by a switch on the instrument panel labeled Fuel
Pump. The electrical fuel pump must be turned on during take-off and landing, when
low fuel pressure is suspected or during critical phases of flight.
Too low fuel pressure (below 2.2 PSI/0.15 bar) is detected by a pressure probe and a
red warning light illuminates in the cockpit. When the fuel pressure is low, the electrical
fuel pump must be turned on.
NOTE
When flying near the ground, such as during take-off and landing or when low fuel
pressure is indicated, the electrical fuel pump must be turned on
The fuel tanks are vented via a vent line outlet located in the winglets.
7.13.3 Fuel Selector / Shut-Off Valve
The fuel selector is conveniently mounted on the control panel in full view of the pilots.
The red, arrow-shaped selector handle has a LEFT, RIGHT, and OFF-position. Each
position is notched and has a self-centering mechanism using a spring-loaded pin. The
selector handle points to the chosen position.
In both normal operating positions (LEFT/RIGHT), the fuel supply and corresponding
return line of the selected fuel tank are opened. The fuel supply and return line of the
other fuel tank are closed.
It is recommended to keep both tanks at approximately the same fuel level.
NOTE
Recommendation: Fuel tanks should be switched at least every 60 minutes.
When the fuel selector valve is in the OFF position, the fuel flow in the supply and return
lines is interrupted and functions as a fuel shut-off valve.
To switch the valve into the OFF-position, the knob located at the top of the handle must
be PULLED while simultaneously turning the handle clockwise into the OFF-position.
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Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.13.4 Fuel Level Indication
A floating sensor which is easy to maintain supplied information concerning fuel levels
which are then displayed on the fuel indicator. The floating gauge is located above the
fuel supply; therefore fuel indication depends on the flight attitude. All filling levels above
¾ will be indicated as FULL due to the dihedral angle.
Additionally, a dipstick to visually verify the fuel level is delivered with the aircraft. With
the aircraft horizontal, the dip-stick is inserted straight into the fuel tank so that the
handle of the dipstick lays flat with the upper surface of the wing.
After pulling the dipstick out of the fuel tank, the fuel level can be determined by the
“wetted” area of the dipstick. This can then be compared with the electrical fuel level
indication on the instrument in the cockpit.
The dip-stick must always be carried with the aircraft. It is stowed on the inboard side of
the baggage compartment door.
CAUTION
The fuel level indication in the cockpit must be verified with the fuel dipstick daily. For
this purpose level the aircraft out as much as possible.
The dipstick has markings showing ½ and ¾ of the maximum fuel tank content.
NOTE
The fuel quantity, fuel used and fuel remaining functions of the G500 are advisory
information only and must be verified by the pilot.
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Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.14 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
The AT01-100 is equipped with a 12 V direct current (DC) electrical system that is
powered by an engine-driven alternator and a battery. When the ALT1 / BAT switch is
engaged, the electrical equipment can be operated and controlled by rocker switches
located on the lower left section of the instrument panel. All electrical circuits are
protected by circuit breakers that are accessibly arranged on the right hand section of
the instrument panel.
The engine ignition systems are independent of the aircraft power supply system.
7.14.1 Power Supply and Battery System
The 12 V lead-acid battery (capacity depending on type installed) is connected to the
electrical system of the aircraft via a 50-amp circuit breaker and the ALT1 / BAT switch.
With the engine operating, the battery is charged by a 40-amp alternator that is
equipped with an internal regulator and protected by the 50-amp alternator (ALT1)
circuit breaker. The alternator is air-cooled and driven by a V-belt drive geared down
from the propeller shaft.
If the alternator regulator fails, the red alternator warning light ALT1 located in the upper
mid-section of the panel will illuminate.
The charging current of the battery and the voltage level is monitored by the ammeter
and voltmeter. In an emergency, the battery is able to supply all essential electrical
equipment for at least half an hour, provided that the battery is correctly maintained and
in a good condition
7.14.2 Ignition System and Starter
The engine is equipped with 2 electronically controlled ignition systems that have two
independent ignition circuits. The ignition system is activated by the ignition switch. An
internal control unit interrupts the ignition if the propeller speed drops below 100 RPM.
With the ignition key in the R or L position, an ignition circuit is deactivated. In the BOTH
position, both ignition circuits are active. When the key is turned to the START position,
the starter motor is activated. When the key is released it returns to the BOTH position
and the starter is disengaged.
Further information for engine operation and pre-flight checks are contained in the
Operator’s Manual for all versions of ROTAX ® 912 engines.
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Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
ALT1 - Excitation
ALT1
Fuel Pressure Sensor
Excitation
ALT1
ALT1
Chronometer (opt.)
P
ALT1
Pitot Heat
FUEL
Warning Lights
opt.
BAT
Battery Relay
ALT2
ALT2
NVFR
(optional)
Voltage Monitoring
Module <12.5V >15.5V
ALT2
Regulator
Voltage
Monitoring
VOLT
BAT
Starter Position
of Ignition Switch
Ammeter
Starter Relay
Starter
Starter Relay
External Power (opt.)
Fuel Pump
Fuel Pump
Legend
Flap Position Switch
Flap Control
Safety Fuse
Flap
Position
Indicator
Trim
Indicator
Flap
Actuator
Circuit Breaker
(Pop Out Type)
Trim
Actuator
Circuit Breaker
(Toggle Switch Type)
P
Flap Actuator
Manometric Switch
Trim Control
Trim Actuator
P
Switch
Stall Warning
Stall
Warning
Engine
Hourmeter
Tachometer
Instruments 1
ELT Control
Engine
Oil Temp.
ELT
Oil Press.
Voltmeter
Instruments 2
CHT Sensor
CHT (OAT)
Fuel
Gauge
COM 1
COM 1
COM 2
COM 2 (opt.)
Fuel Sensor R
Fuel Gauge
Fuel Sensor L
Anti-Collision Lights
ACL
Traffic Monitor
Panel Light
Panel
Light
Instrument
Lights
Intercom
Intercom
Landing Light
Landing Light
NVFR
(optional)
ANR
NAV Lights
NAV Lights
Traffic Monitor (opt.)
NAV / GPS 1
NAV / GPS 1
NAV / GPS 2
NAV / GPS 2 (opt.)
Instrument Lights
Dome Light
Dome Light
TXP
Transponder
Avionics
Avionic Blower (opt.)
Avionic
Blower
Timer
Timer (opt.)
PFD
G500
GDU
12V
Receptacle (opt.)
12V DC
Receptacle
Warning
Lights
ADC
ADC
AHRS
AHRS
P/S
Heat
P/S Heat
Control Box
P/S Heat
(optional)
Heated Pitot-Static
Tube (opt.)
Fig.: Electrical System Schematic
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Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.14.3 Electrical Equipment and Circuit Breakers
All electrical equipment can be turned on or off by push-pull type circuit breakers or by
rocker switches with built-in circuit breaker function.
COM/NAV-equipment along with other avionic equipment is supplied with electrical
power through the Avionics switch. Additionally, the avionic equipment is protected by
separate circuit breakers.
Equipment regularly used in flight (fuel pump, ACL, etc.) are controlled by their own
rocker switches with built-in circuit breaker function.
7.14.4
Voltmeter and Amperemeter
The voltmeter shows the system voltage generated by the power sources. The scale on
the voltmeter is divided into three different colored voltage ranges:
Red Arc
Red-green cross-hatched Arc
Green Arc
Red Arc
8-11
11-12
12-15
15-16
Volts
Volts
Volts
Volts
The amperemeter shows the current flowing between the battery and the electrical
system of the aircraft. When the battery is being charged, the amperemeter is in the (+)
range. When the battery is discharging the amperemeter is in the (-) range, which
means that the battery is supplying the electrical system of the aircraft. During normal
operation, this is a sign of an alternator malfunction.
7.14.5
Warning Light ALT 1
The red alternator warning light ALT1 should not illuminate during normal operation.
The warning light illuminates only if:
•
An alternator failure (ALT1 produces no current) occurs
In this case the electrical power is supplied solely by the battery.
The ignition system of the engine is independent of the external alternator and is
therefore unaffected.
7.14.6
Warning Light FUEL
If the fuel pressure at the fuel distributor ahead of the carburetors drops below 2.2 PSI
(0.15 bar), a pressure-controlled switch activates the red warning light FUEL located in
the upper mid-section of the instrument panel.
Probable causes may be:
- insufficient fuel supply;
- vapor lock in the fuel system.
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7.14.7
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
Engine Instruments
Cylinder head temperature, oil temperature and oil pressure are displayed on analogue
instruments located on the right side of the instrument panel.
7.14.8
External Power Unit (optional)
It is recommended to use an External Power Unit (EPU) for engine start-up at outside
air temperatures below –10° C. The EPU receptacle is optional and is mounted on the
right fuselage side below the battery. Access is provided by a service door in the lower
cowling.
Electrical power for the engine starter and the electrical buses is provided by a three
poled plug (MIL standard) protected from reverse polarity by a relay circuit. A second
relay disconnects the on-board battery as long as the external power source is
connected to the aircraft. This second relay prevents an uncontrolled charging or
discharging of the battery during the EPU operation.
WARNING
Before starting the engine with external power, make sure that NO persons or objects
are in the vicinity of the propeller disk.
Procedure for starting up the engine with an external power source:
• Plug in and switch on the external power
• ALT1 / BAT switch ON
• Start-up engine
(in accordance with section 4.5.2 “Engine Start-up”)
• Disconnect external power source
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Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.15 PITOT-STATIC SYSTEM
A pitot-static tube is installed on the lower surface of the left wing which, via two
separate connections, supplies total pressure and static pressure (from 6 vents
distributed on the diameter). Total pressure and static pressure lines travel through the
interior of the wing to the wing root where they are connected to water separators. The
pressure lines have connections installed at the wing root to simplify disassembly of the
wing.
Error in the static system can be neglected for altitude measurement. An airspeed
calibration chart is provided in Section 5 of this manual.
NOTE
When the aircraft is parked the pitot static tube should be covered with the supplied pitot
tube cover to protect it from dirt and other contamination. The cover is attached to a
large “Remove Before Flight” ribbon.
7.15.1 Pitot Heat (optional)
On request, a heated pitot-static tube can be installed. The heater is turned on using the
P/S Heat switch.
The size and location of the heated pitot static tube are identical to the unheated
version. Temperature is controlled automatically.
Function:
The P/S HEAT warning light illuminates when:
⇒ P/S Heat switch OFF or
⇒ Pitot heat is defective
CAUTION
This aircraft is not certified for flight into icing conditions, even if a heated pitot-static
tube is installed.
Switch P/S Heat OFF when OAT exceeds + 59° F (+15° C).
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Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
7.16 STALL WARNING SYSTEM
The stall warning system causes a loud buzzing sound at least 5 kts before the stall is
reached in all flap settings.
As the aircraft approaches a stalled condition, a switch on the wing leading edge is
activated due to a change in airflow as the angle-of-attack increases. The switch
generates a loud buzzing sound as long as this condition is maintained.
NOTE
The stall warning system (a small metal plate on the leading edge) is delicate and must
be handled with care.
7.17 AVIONICS
Depending on the installed optional avionic equipment, a NAV/COM transceiver, a
transponder or a multi-functional display may be located in the centre section of the
instrument panel. Detailed information on the operation of this equipment and
descriptions of their systems are provided in the POH Supplements in Section 9.
The COM transmitter is activated by a push-to-talk button, integrated into each control
column. The microphone and headphone jacks are located in the rear section of the
centre pedestal between the seats.
Operating instructions for COM/NAV equipment are supplied in Section 9.
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Pilot’s Operating Handbook
Section 7
AQUILA AT01-100B
AIRCRAFT DESCRIPTION
[intentionally left blank]
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POH / AFM
Section 9
AQUILA AT01-100B
SUPPLEMENTS
SECTION 9
SUPPLEMENTS
Page
9.1
9.1
INTRODUCTION
9-1
9.2
INDEX OF SUPPLEMENTS
9-2
INTRODUCTION
In this section, all equipment that is optionally installed in your aircraft is described by the POHSupplements. Each supplement describes a complete modification or a piece of installed
equipment. Only the supplements that apply to the configuration of your aircraft must be
contained in this section.
Section 9.2 “Index of Supplements” lists all existing approved supplements for the AQUILA
AT01. This table may be also used as a directory for this section, adapted to your aircraft.
If modifications requiring an STC have been conducted on your aircraft at a Maintenance
Organization other than AQUILA Aviation, it is the owner’s responsibility to ensure that the
appropriate supplements are included in this manual and properly recorded in the index of
supplements in section 9.2.
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9.2
POH / AFM
Section 9
AQUILA AT01-100B
SUPPLEMENTS
INDEX OF SUPPLEMENTS
Registration:
S/N:
Supplement No.
AT01- 100B-
Title
Installed
AS-00
Winter Operation
AS-01
Night VFR (AT01-100A)
AS-02
ASPEN MFD
AS-03*
ASPEN PFD
AS-04
FLYMAP
AS-05
Night VFR (AT01-100B)
AS-06
Night VFR (AT01-100C)
AS-07
Garmin SL 40
AS-08
Garmin GTX 330 / 328
AS-09*
Garmin GTN 650
AS-10*
Garmin GMA 350
AS-11
ELT – Kannad 406
AS-12
Garrecht TRX 1500
AS-13
Garrecht TRX 2000
AS-14
Trig TT22
AS-15
Garmin SL 30
AS-16
ADF – KR 87
AS-17*
Garmin GTR 225/225A/225B
AS-18*
Garmin GNC 255A/255B
AS-19
Garmin GMA 340
AS-20*
Garmin GNS 430W
AS-21*
Garmin GTX 335 / 345
variable
NOTE
For the devices listed above and marked with an *, it is possible to perform a software update.
These will be released on our website (www.aquila-aviation.de) by an appropriate SI
(Service Information).
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