User Manual
The working instructions are divided into five parts:
1. General notes:
Safety instructions for the operating and service personnel and for the operator of the
machine.
2. Operating instructions:
Instructions for the personnel operating and handling the machine.
3. Service instructions:
Instructions for the personnel in charge of the initial start-up, setting up and service of
the machine.
4. Programming instructions:
Instructions for the service personnel in charge of preparing and setting up the
machine.
4. Troubleshooting instructions:
Instructions for the operator and service personnel in charge of trouble.
Scope of the working instructions
These working instructions describe the AMF REECE AUTOMATIC BOTTOM
HEMMING MACHINE and apply only to those machine parts and components that
are contained in the scope of delivery of the AMF REECE AUTOMATIC BOTTOM
HEMMING MACHINE.
They do not apply to accessories or machine parts (e.g. sewing head) from third
parties that the machine is equipped or retrofitted with. For those components, the
working instructions of the respective manufacturer or supplier apply.
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PART 1
GENERAL NOTES
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PART 1. GENERAL NOTES
1. 1 Safety instructions
Important information for the operator!
This machine has been manufactured in keeping with the latest technological
developments and is operationally safe. However, it may present potential hazards,
particularly if it is operated by inadequately trained personnel or if it is not used
correctly:
• For personnel operating and handling the machine, the operator must prepare
written instructions in a reasonable form and in the language of the operating
personnel based on these working instructions.
• Use the operating instructions to familiarize the operating personnel with the
functions, operation, and care of the machine and check to see if the operating
personnel fully understands these instructions.
• Use the service instructions to familiarize the service personnel with the setting up
and maintenance of the machine.
• The contents of the working instructions are subject to change without further
notice.
• Keep these working instructions close to the machine so that safety instructions and
information on operation, setting-up, and maintenance are always accessible.
1. 1. 1 Symbols used in the working instructions
WARNING!
is used if non-observance may cause serious or even lethal
injuries.
CAUTION!
is used if non-observance may cause medium to minor injuries or damage.
NOTE!
is used for hints and useful information.
1.1.2 Symbols used on the machine
WARNING: DANGER!
Caution! Observe working instructions.
WARNING: HIGH VOLTAGE!
Caution! Prior to opening, pull out power plug.
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1. 1. 2. General safety instructions
Correct use
• The AMF REECE AUTOMATIC BOTTOM HEMMING MACHINE TH 5500 is a
sewing machine. It is to be used for stitching bottom hemming.
• The machine can be used for processing all conventional materials for outerwear.
• The machine has been designed for permanent operation in industry.
• The AMF REECE AUTOMATIC BOTTOM HEMMING MACHINE TH 5500 has been
tested for electromagnetic compatibility and is suited for installation in industrial
operating rooms.
Incorrect use
• The AMF REECE AUTOMATIC BOTTOM HEMMING MACHINE TH 5500 must not
be operated in rooms that do not comply with the location
requirements.
• The AMF REECE AUTOMATIC BOTTOM HEMMING MACHINE TH 5500 must not
be operated in the vicinity of devices or systems that produce strong magnetic fields
as otherwise the correct function of the program control may be impaired.
Safety requirements
• DIN EN, Part 1:1991-11, Part 2:1995-06 Safety of machines
• DIN EN 60601, Part 1:1994-05 Safety regulations for electrically operated
measuring and control installations, general requirements.
• DIN EN 50178 (VDE 0160): 1998-04 Equipment of power systems with electronic
devices.
• DIN EN 50082 (VDE 0839) Part 2:1997-11 Electromagnetic compatibility, basic
specification, immunity to interference.
Part 1: Domestic, business and commerce, small enterprises.
Part 2: Industry.
• DIN EN 60204 (DIN VDE 0113): 1993-06 Electrical equipment of industrial
machines.
Safety devices
The AMF REECE AUTOMATIC BOTTOM HEMMING MACHINE TH 5500 is
equipped with a circuit-breaker (Power switch) that stops all machine movements
and the sewing process when actuated manually.
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Power supply connection
The power supply of the machine is established with a properly grounded power
supply connection with:
• 230 V ± 10 %, 50/60 Hz, grounding plug.
• Fusing: 10 A
• Power consumption: 0,9 kW
Compressed air supply
The machine must be supplied by an on-site compressed air source.
• Operating pressure: 6 bar.
• Compressed air quality: oil-free
• Compressed air consumption: 16 NL
Location and storage requirements
Installation in sheltered, closed rooms.
• Room temperature: +10 °C to 45 °C
• Relative humidity: 80 % max.
Disposal
• Please discard the packaging material in accordance with existing disposal
directives. Delivery of the machine, contains a list of the packaging materials used.
• The machine contains reusable materials. Therefore, when discarding the machine,
ask your local magistrate or community office about the possibilities of recycling.
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PART 2
OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS
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2.2 Preparing the machine
For short timed intervention (e.g. threading) you can use the green Service button
under opeation panel and be sure that the SERVICE screen appears on operation
panel as showed below.
Note: For detailed repairs turn off the machine compeletely by using Power switch.
Fig. 2 Service screen and button
2. 2. 1 Installing the needle
Fig. 3 Installing the needle
1. Turn the machine pulley to move the needle bar to its highest position.
2. Loosen the screw (1).
3. Insert the needle (2) in a straight line as far as it will go, making sure that the long
groove on the needle is at the left, and then securely tighten the screw (1).
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2. 2. 2 Removing the bobbin case
Fig. 4 Removing the bobbin case
1. Turn the machine pulley to raise the needle until it is above the needle plate.
2. Pull the latch (1) of the bobbin case upward and then remove the bobbin case.
3. The bobbin (2) will come out when the latch (1) is released.
There is an anti-spin spring (3) inside the bobbin case.
The anti-spin spring (3) prevents the bobbin from racing at times such as during
thread trimming.
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2. 2. 3 Winding the lower thread
Fig. 5 Winding the lower thread
1. Turn on the Service screen.
2. Place the bobbin (1) onto the bobbin winder shaft (2).
3. Wind the thread several times around the bobbin (1) in the direction indicated by
the arrow.
4. Push the bobbin presser arm (3) toward the bobbin(1).
5. Depress the treadle.
6. Press on foot pedal. Lower thread winding will then start.
7. Once winding of the lower thread is completed, the bobbin presser arm (3) will
return automatically.
8. After the thread has been wound on, remove the bobbin and cut the thread with
the knife (4).
Loosen the screw (5) and move the bobbin presser (6) to adjust the amount of thread
wound onto the bobbin.
NOTE:
The amount of thread wound onto the bobbin should be a maximum of 80 % of the
bobbin capacity.
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2. 2. 4 Installing the bobbin case
Fig. 6 Installing the bobbin case
1. Turn the machine pulley to raise the needle until it is above the needle plate.
2. While holding the bobbin so that the thread winds to the right, insert the bobbin
into the bobbin case.
3. Pass the thread through the slot (1) and under the tension spring (2), and then pull
it out from the thread guide (3).
4. Check that the bobbin turns clockwise when the thread is pulled.
5. Hold the latch (4) on the bobbin case and insert the bobbin case into the rotary
hook.
2. 2. 5 Threading the upper thread
Fig. 7 Threading the upper thread
Turn the machine pulley and raise the thread take-up (1) before threading the upper
thread.
This will make threading easier and it will prevent the thread from coming out at the
sewing start.
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2. 2. 6 Lubrication
Gearbox Oil Quantity
Check the quantity of oil in the gearbox immediately after tilting back the machine
head.
When the machine head is left for long periods in the tilted back position, the amount
of oil in the gearbox drops and the oil level seen from the oil windows rises. so that it
becomes impossible to measure the actual oil level accurately.
The position of the oil level in the oil window will vary depending on the angle of the
machine head. Tilt back the machine head while the head rest is installed in the
correct position as shown in the table processing diagram.
Checking The Oil Quantity
The oil level should normally be approximately 2 mm above the center reference line
in the oil window (1).
1. Look at the oil window (1) from directly in front.
2. If the oil level is below the normal level add more lubricating oil as described in
the following procedure.
Fig. 8. Gearbox Oil Quantity
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Lubrication
Use only the lubricating oil specified by our company.
1. Remove the rubber cap (3)
2. Add lubricating oil until the oil level approximately 2 mm above the center
reference line in the oil window (1).
Do not pour all of the lubricating oil in at once at this time. pour the lubricating 10 ml
at a time while checking the oil window (1).
Note: Do not pour too much lubricating oil into the specified location.
If too much oil is added oil leaks may result.
3. Insert the rubber cap (3) securely.
4. Return the machine head to its original position.
Note: the rubber cap (3) has a hole in it for adjusting the air pressure.
When replacing the rubber cap (3) use only the replacement part specified by our
company.
Oil Tank Oil Quantity
Check the oil gauge window (1)and add more oil if the oil gauge (2) is below the
lower reference line.
Fig. 9 Oil Tank Oil Quantity
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Applying Grease
Use our company's specified grease.
1. Turn off the power switch
2. Remove the screws and set screws
3. Apply the grease to each of the holes until the grease overflows slightly.
4. Tighten the screws and the set screws in order to push the grease in
5. Turn the machine pulley by hand to move the needle bar up and down several
times in order to disperse the grease.
6. Use a fabric to wipe away any excess grease from around the screws and set
screws and from underneath needle bar bush.
Fig. 10. Applying Grease
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Adjusting The Rotary Hook Lubrication Amount
Use the following procedure to check the amount of oil being supplied to the rotary
hook when replacing the rotary hook or when changing sewing speed.
1. Checking the lubrication amount
2. Remove the thread from all points from the thread take up to the needle.
3. Lift the presser foot
4. Run the machine at normal sewing speed for approximately 1 minute without
sewing any material.
5. Place the lubrication amount check sheet (1) underneath the rotary hook (2) and
hold it there. Then run the sewing machine at normal sewing speed for 8
seconds. (Any type of paper can be used as the lubrication amount check sheet
(1).)
6. Check the amount of oil which has spattered onto sheet.
Adjusting the lubrication amount
1. Turn the adjusting screw (3) to adjust lubrication amount.
-If the rotary hook adjusting screw (3) is turned clockwise, the lubrication amount
becomes greater.
-If the rotary hook adjusting screw (3) is turned counter clockwise, the lubrication
amount becomes smaller.
2. Check the lubrication amount again according to the procedure given above.
-Turn the adjusting screw (3) and check the lubrication amount repeatedly until the
lubrication amount is correct.
-Check the lubrication amount again after the sewing machine has been used for
approximately two hours.
Fig. 11 Adjusting the lubrication amount
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2.2.7. Pneumatic Connection Diagrams
The main pneumatic hose must be connectted to the Pneumatic Regulator (under the
machine table) as first step. There are two pneumatic outputs of pneumatic regulator.
Orange colored hoses are used for these connections. One of them must be
connected to the pneumatic valve block input and the other output can be used for air
blower gun as shown below.
Note: For all Pneumatic Connections different colored hoses are used and there are
tags on hoses to prevent mixing the connections.
Fig. 12. Pneumatic Regulator and Pneumatic Valve block Connection
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The yellow colored hoses are connected to outputs 2 of Pneumatic Valve block.
These yellow hoses are used for Upper Puller Belt as input and output as shown in
figure below.
The black colored hose is connected to output 1 of Pneumatic Valve block. The grey
colored hoses are used for Thread take up as shown in figure below.
Fig. 13. Air Connections of Upper Puller and Thread Take Up with Pneumatic Valve block
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The red colored hoses are connected to outputs 3 of Pneumatic Valve block. These
red hoses are used for Front Foot and Presser Foot as input and output as shown in
figure below.
Fig. 14. Air Connections of Front Foot and Presser Foot with Pneumatic Valve block
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The blue colored hoses are connected to outputs 4 of Pneumatic Valve block. These
blue hoses are used for Lower Strecher as input and output as shown in figure
below.
The green colored hoses are connected to outputs 5 of Pneumatic Valve block.
These green hoses are used for Right Strecher as input and output as shown in
figure below.
Fig. 15. Air Connections of Lower Strecher and Right Strecher with Pneumatic Valve block
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The gray colored hoses are connected to outputs 6 of Pneumatic Valve block. These
gray hoses are used for Joint Sensor as input and output as shown in figure below.
Fig. 16. Air Connections of Joint Sensor with Pneumatic Valve block
The white colored hoses are connected to outputs 7 of Pneumatic Valve block. These
white hoses are used for forward-backward movement of Hemming Hook as input
and output as shown in figure below.
The orange colored hoses are connected to outputs 8 of Pneumatic Valve block.
These orange hoses are used for upward-downward movement of Hemming Hook as
input and output as shown in figure below.
Fig. 17. Air Connections of Front Foot and Presser Foot with Pneumatic Valve block
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Prior to the production start, check the supply connections, connect the machine to
the compressed air and power supply systems and prepare the sewing head.
1. Insert needle, pass top thread through needle and insert bobbin for bottom thread
into sewing head.
2. Connect machine to compressed air supply by inserting the plug-in connector of
the compressed air supply hose into the compressed air receptacle in the operating
room. The pressure of the compressed air is reduced to the required operating
pressure of 6 bar by a pressure regulator. Check manometers to see if the correct
operating pressure is set.
3. Connect machine to power supply system.
WARNING - Electric shock!
Contact with current-carrying components may cause a lethal electric shock. Check
plug and cable before connecting machine to power supply system.
• Do not use damaged plugs, sockets or cables to connect the machine to the power
supply system!
• The machine is connected to a power source of 230 V ±10 % at 50/60 Hz.
• Before connecting the machine to the power supply system, check to see if the
ratings of the power supply system in the operating room correspond with the ratings
on the nameplate at the rear of the machine.
• If the ratings for voltage (V) and maximum current (A) do not match, the machine
must not be connected.
• Insert the grounding plug into a properly grounded and fused power socket.
• Make sure that the power supply cable is not subject to tensile or pressure forces.
4. Turn machine on by moving main switch to position I.
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2. 3 Placement and Sewing Operation of Bottom
2. 3. 1 Safety instructions for operation
Machine operation:
WARNING - Machine operation intervention!
The machine is driven by electric motors and by compressed air. Any attempt to stop
the moving parts of the machine or to tamper with the movements by hand may
cause severe injuries.
• Keep hands away from machine during machine operation!
• During the sewing process, keep hands away from the operating range of the
needle!
• If a failure is encountered during machine operation, press the SERVICE button
immediately!
Clothing:
CAUTION - Unsuited work clothing!
The moving parts of the machine may catch and draw in loose clothing which may
cause severe injuries.
• When operating the machine, do not wear wide or open clothing!
• Make sure that sleeves are tight-fitting and properly closed!
2.3.2 Placement of The Bottom Under The Sewing Head
First operations before placement are changing presser foot and adjusting edge
guides according to the hemming distance. The bottom must be turned inside out
before placement. The left strecher distance and angle must be adjusted according
to the bottom circle length. The right strecher angle must also be adjusted according
to the bottom angle. Hook position and joint sensor position must be adjusted
according to the thickness of hemming. The sewing operation starts next to the first
joint. The first joint must be placed on rightside of joint sensor and than you should
perform the bottom hemming placement under machine head as showed below.
Note:The above mentioned adjustment will be explained with details on continiuing
parts (2.4. Manual Adjustmens).
Fig. 18 Placement of The Bottom
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2. 4 Manual Adjustments
2. 4. 1 Presser Foot Replacement
It's possible to work with different hemming width values from 1 to 4 cm. To adjust
hemming width you have to change presser foot.
Complete the following steps in order for replacement.
1. Choose the right presser foot according to your hemming width.
2. Loosen the set screws of presser foot.
3. Place (or replace) the presser foot.
4. Tighten the set screws.
Fig. 20 Presser Foot Replacement
Fig. 21. Available Presser Foot Types
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2. 4. 2 Seam Allowance Adjustment
The distance between hemming edge to the edge stitch (seam allowance) is
arranged by distance between front foot and needle.
Complete the following steps in order to adjust edge stitch width:
1. Loosen the front foot adjustment screw.
2. Move front foot forward or backward to the desired edge stitch width according to
the needle.
3. Tighten the front foot adjustment screw.
Check hemming hook positions after this adjustment. (See 2. 4. 4 Hook Position And
Angle Adjustment)
Fig. 22. Seam Allowance Adjustment
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2. 4. 3 Hemming Width Guides - Distance Adjusment
The right, left and lower guides must be adjusted to control hemming width. The
bottom edge will be guided by these components. All these components must be
alligned together to prevent hemming problems. Complete the following steps in
order for adjustment.
1. Loosen the guide screw
2. Adjust the desired distance by moving guides (front or back side) through their
grooves
3. Tighten the guide screw.
Fig. 23 Right Guide
Fig. 24 Left Guide
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2. 4. 4 Hook Position And Angle Adjustment
The inner wall of front foot and the inner end point of hemming hook must be aligned
with each other for the optimum hemming position. The hook position alignment can
be adjusted by hook angle adjustment screw.
Complete the following steps in order for adjustment.
1. Loosen the hook angle adjustment screw.
2. Align the hook according to the front foot
3. Tighten the hook angle adjustment screw.
Hemming hook angle is also adjusted by the same screw. This adjustment can be
done acorrding to the fabric properties especially thickness and elasticity.
Front foot and hook distance can be adjusted according to the fabric properties. If the
hemming is opened before sewing operation, the hemming hook must be placed
closer to he front foot. Complete the following steps in order to adjust hook and front
foot distance.
1. Loosen the hook distance adjustment screw.
2. Move the hemming hook through the groove left or right side
3. Tighten the hook angle adjustment screw.
The lower dead point keeps the distance between hook and sewing plate. This
adjustment can be done by related screw.
According to the fabric properties the upper dead point of hemming hook must be
adjusted by related screw.
Fig. 25 Hook Adjusment Screws
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2. 4. 5 Joint Sensor Adjustment
Joint sensor must be adjusted according to the hemming and joint thickness (fabric
thickness). The distance between joint sensor and guide lever under the sensor
should be revised, when the used fabric is changed.
Complete the following steps in order for adjustment.
1. Loosen the adjustment screw of joint sensor
2. Keep stable the joint sensor lever
3. Move joint sensor up or downward accordig to hemming thickness
4. Tighten the adjustment screw.
Fig. 26 Joint Sensor Adjustment
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2. 4. 6 Manual (Left) Strecher Distance and Angle Adjustment
The manual strecher can be used in two different ways that are for standard bottom
(for trousers), wide bottom (for skirts). If the bottom is too narrow, the left strecher is
not used, only right strechers and optionally lower strecher are used.
A)
B)
C)
Fig. 27 Left Strechers Usage (A) For Trousers Bottom, (B) For Skirts Bottom and (C) For Narrow Bottom
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2. 4. 6 Manual (Left) Strecher Distance and Angle Adjustment
The left strechers are used according to the bottom perimeter. After decision of left
strecher which will be used, complete the following steps in order for adjustment.
1. Loosen the left strecher distance adjustment screw.
2. Move left strechers in their rail to the left or right side as desired.
3. Tighten the left strecher distance adjustment screw
The closer left strecher is also used to align fabric horizontally. Less problem occurs
with horizontally aligning fabric around needle. Complete the following steps in order
for alignment.
1. Loosen the left strecher angle adjustment screws.
2. Move the left strecher as horizontally alligned as possible.
3. Tighten the left strecher angle adjustment screws
Fig. 28 Left Strechers Adjustment Screws
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2. 4. 7 Right Strechers pressure and angle adjusment
The right strechers are operated by two different pistons but only one valve.
Therefore they work together. The pressure can be adjusted by related manometer
according to the fabric thickness and elasticity.
Fig. 29 Right Strechers Pressure Adjusment
When the bottom has angle (concave or convex) e.g. bell-bottomed, the lower right
strecher can be adjusted according to the angle. Complete the following steps in
order for adjustment.
1. Loosen the right strecher angle adjustment screw.
2. Move the right strecher according to the bottom angle.
3. Tighten the right strecher angle adjustment screw
Fig. 30 Right Strecher Angle Adjusment
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PART 3
SERVICE
INSTRUCTIONS
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PART 3. SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS
3.1 Delivery of the machine
3.1.1 Packaging
The machine is delivered in a solid packaging box on a pallet. All packaging materials
can be separated and reused.
• Pallet made of pine wood
• Packaging box made of plywood / transport carton
• Polyethylene film (PE)
NOTE - Shipping braces!
During shipping, moving machine parts are protected with shipping braces (cable
ties). The positions of all parts fitted with shipping braces are marked with red labels.
After the machine has been installed and aligned, the shipping braces must be
removed.
NOTE - Damages in transit!
If any damage presumably caused by incorrect transport is found when the machine
is unpacked, please contact your supplier immediately.
3.1.2 Scope of delivery
The machine is delivered in an operative condition. The scope of delivery comprises:
Short seam automat with sewing head
• The machine is equipped with several customerspecific accessories. For checking
the exact layout, the information on the delivery note is authoritative.
• Service kit with machine oil.
Operating panel and program control:
• Preinstalled (ready-for-use) operating panel.
• Memory card with factory-programmed standard sewing program.
Technical documents:
• Operating instructions.
• Service instructions
• Programming instructions.
3. 2 Storage and location requirements
3. 2. 1 Floor quality
The floor of the room where the machine is to be installed must have a sufficient
surface strength. The location of the machine must be free of vibrations.
If several machines are to be installed in one room, the static load bearing capacity of
the ceiling must be considered.
Weight:
• Machine with accessories approx 200 kg
3. 2. 2 Interior climate
Climatic requirements for the operating room:
The machine must only be stored or operated in closed operating rooms.
• Room temperature +10 °C to +45 °C
• Relative humidity 80 % max.
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3. 2. 3 Floor space required
For operation during production and for service works, the machine must be freely
accessible from all sides. On all sides, there must be a minimum clearance of 1 m.
NOTE - Electromagnetic interference!
The machine must not be installed in the immediate vicinity of devices or electrical
components (e.g. transformers) generating a strong magnetic field as otherwise the
correct function of the program control may be impaired.
3. 2. 4 Supply connections
The machine requires on-site power and compressed air sources as well as vacuum
connections unless the machine is equipped with a vacuum pump.
The power supply of the machine requires a properly grounded power connection
with:
• Grounding plug 230 V ± 10 %, 50/60 Hz
• Fusing 10 A
NOTE - Peak voltages!
The correct function of the machine requires that the power system supplies a
constant current. Peak voltages may particularly impair the stability of the program
control.
Compressed air supply:
The on-site compressed air supply system must meet the following requirements:
• Operating pressure 6 bar
• Compressed air quality oil-free
• Compressed air consumption 4.16 NL
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3. 3 Start-up
3. 3. 1 Machine table alignment
After the machine has been installed at the desired location, the machine table must
be aligned:
• Set machine table to required height.
• Align machine table horizontally on all sides.
Setting table height:
1. The machine is equipped with optional transport rollers, release brakes before
2. Loosen feet nuts.
3. Turn out the feet bolts to the desired length and retighten nuts.
4. Lower machine to floor.
Horizontal positioning of the machine table:
1. Place bubble level onto working plate.
2. Loosen table feet nuts.
3. Align machine table horizontally on all sides by raising or lowering table feet as
required.
4. Retighten table feet nuts.
NOTE - Shipping braces!
Before the machine is connected to the energy supply sources, all shipping braces
must be removed.
• Cut off cable ties.
• Remove labels.
Fig. 33 Table Alignment
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3. 3. 4 Connecting the machine to the power supply
The power cable and the power plug are preinstalled on the machine. The
footswitches for controlling the machine operation and the bundle clamp are installed
as well.
Connecting the machine to the power supply system:
1. Put footswitches for machine operation and for bundle clamp onto desired
locations on floor at front side of machine.
2. Insert power plug into socket.
WARNING - Electric shock!
Contact with current-carrying components may cause a lethal electric shock. Check
plug and cable before connecting machine to power supply system.
• Do not use damaged plugs, sockets or cables to connect the machine to the power
supply system!
• The machine is connected to a power source of 230 V ±10 % at 50/60 Hz.
• Before connecting the machine to the power supply system, check to see if the
ratings of the power supply system in the operating room correspond with the ratings
on the nameplate at the rear of the machine.
• If the ratings for voltage (V) and maximum current (A) do not match, the machine
must not be connected.
• Insert the grounding plug into a properly grounded and fused power socket.
• Make sure that the power supply cable is not subject to tensile or pressure forces.
• Route the power supply cable in a way that ensures free access to and around the
machine.
NOTE - Works to the electrical system! Works to the electrical system of the
machine must only be carried out by qualified and authorized expert personnel.
Tampering with the machine without authorization makes the warranty void.
3. 3. 5 Safety check
Before the machine is released for operation, all safety devices must be checked for
their correct operation.
CAUTION - Danger of injuries! The safety devices protect the operating and
service personnel while working on or with the machine.
If the safety devices are fully or partially inoperative, the machine must not be started
up.
3.4 Maintenance
WARNING - Electric shock:
Contact with current-carrying components may cause a lethal electric shock. If the
machine is put in motion accidentally, persons in its direct vicinity may be caught by
moving parts which may cause injuries.
Prior to any service, cleaning or maintenance works, disconnect the machine from
the power supply system!
• Turn the machine off using the main switch.
• Remove power plug from socket and protect it against accidental reconnection.
• If the power supply is not required for repair or setup work, the machine must be
disconnected from the power supply system.
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3. 4. 1 Inspection
The machine must be inspected annually.
The inspection comprises particularly the following items:
• safety devices of the machine,
• operativeness of the program control,
• correct function of inputs and outputs.
3. 4. 2 Cleaning
The machine must be cleaned after large production series, or at least once a day,
whichever occurs first.
Cleaning the machine surfaces:
1. Disconnect machine from power supply system.
2. Remove fabric residues.
3. Using compressed air, blow off dust and thread residues at the sewing head, at the
working plate, at the clamp and at the linear rail.
4. Wipe machine parts dry using a dry, clean cloth.
NOTE - Plastic surfaces!
Some parts of the machine surfaces are made of plastic materials. Solvents may
dissolve plastics and make them unusable.
Do not clean the machine surfaces (particularly the operating panel) with cleaning
agents that contain solvent.
The following cleaning operations should be carried out each day in order to maintain
the performance of this machine and to ensure a long service life.
Furthermore, if the sewing machine hasn't been used for a long period of time, carry
out the following cleaning procedures before using it again.
1. Open the cylinder cover plate (2).
2. Remove the bobbin case (1).
3. Wipe off any dust from the rotary hook (3) with a soft fabric and check that there is
no damage to the rotary hook (3).
4. Remove the bobbin from the bobbin case(1) and clean the bobbin case(1) with a
fabric
5. Insert the bobbin into the bobbin case(1) and then place the bobbin case back
into the machine.
Fig. 34. Cleaning
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3. 4. 3 Service
The following service works must be carried out in weekly intervals.
Emptying the water separator:
1. Disconnect machine from power supply.
2. Drain water at pressure regulator water separator into suited container.
Press button (1) at pressure regulator collector and keep pressed until all the water
has been drained.
NOTE - Sewing head!
For information about service of the sewing head, please refer to the working
instructions of the sewing head.
Fig. 35 Emptying The Water Separator
3. 4. 4 Repairs
Any repairs to the machine must only be carried out by:
• Authorized Technical Service,
• Personnel that has been instructed about the setting up and maintenance of the
machine on the occasion of a training by the supplier or manufacturer of the machine.
Use only original spare parts for installing or replacing machine components.
Manufacturer and supplier will not be held responsible for spare parts from third
parties.
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3. 4. 6. Tilting Sewing Head for Sewing Head Problems
The sewing head needs to be tilted, when problem occurs about sewing mechanism.
Complete the following steps in order to tilt the sewing head.
1. Disconnect machine from power supply and compressed air supply system.
2. Remove the green and blue air hoses behind the sewing head (Fig.15).
3. Remove the left strechers installing screws showed below.
4. Remove the left strecher mechanism.
5. Tilt the sewing head.
Complete the following steps in order to tilt back the sewing head.
1. Stand up the sewing head.
2. Install the left strecher mechanism by using the left strechers installing screws.
3. Insert the green and blue air hoses behind the sewing head (Fig.15).
4. Connect machine to the power supply and compressed air supply system.
Fig. 37. Tilting Sewing Head for Sewing Head Problems
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3.4.7. Adjusting The Needle Bar Height
Adjust so that the distance from the needle plate mounting surface A to the bottom
edge of the needle bar (1) is the same as the height of surface B on the side of
accessory timing gauge (2) when needle bar is at its lowest position as shown in the
illustration.
1. Remove the presser foot and the needle plate.
2. Turn the machine pulley to set the needle bar (1) to its lowest position.
3. Remove the rubber cap from the face plate
4. Loosen the screw.
5. Move the needle bar up or down to adjust so that the distance from the needle
plate mounting surface to the bottom edge of the needle bar (1) is the same as
the height of surface B on the side of accessory timing gauge(2).
6. Securely Tighten the screw.
7. Install the rubber cap.
8. Install the needle plate and the presser foot.
Fig. 38. Adjusting The Needle Bar Height
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3.4.8. Adjusting The Needle And Rotary Hook Timing
When the machine pulley is turned forward to raise the needle bar(1) 2,2 mm from its
lowest position, the rotary hook tip (3)should be aligned with the center of the needle
(4) as shown in the illustration when the distance from the needle plate mounting
surface A to the bottom edge of the needle bar is the same height of surface C on the
side of the accessory timing gauge (2).
1. Loosen the screws (5) and washer (6), fold down crimping component (7).
2. Raise the presser foot. Loosen the screws (8) remove the backplane cover (9).
3. Open the screw (10).
4. Pull out Tangent connecting link (11) from the knife crank upper pin(12), remove
the needle plate holder (13).
5. Turn back the machine head wheel, needle bar (1) rise from the lowest position,
as shown in the illustration when the distance from needle plate mounting surface
A to the bottom edge of needle bar is the same as the height of surface C on the
side of accessory timing gauge (2) at this moment the height difference between
needle hole upper side and hook tip (3) is 0,5 mm - 0,7 mm
6. Loosen the screw (14), make consistency of hook tip (3) and needle (4) is 0 mm 0,05 mm
7. Tighten screw (14).
8. The gap between hook positioned and hook is 0,6 - 1mm
9. Set thread cutting link (11) in the knife crank (12).
10. Tighten screw (10) and fix the needle plate holder (13).
11. Tighten screw (8) and fix backplane cover
12. Tighten screw (5) and washer (6) in turn, fix crimping component (7), make the
front end of crimping component placed on the needle plate (13).
13. Set down the presser foot.
Fig. 39. Adjusting The Needle And Rotary Hook Timing
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PART 4
PROGRAMMING
INSTRUCTIONS
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4.2 Function Icons On Panel
4.2.1. Main Page
After touching on first opening screen; a touch screen menu (Main Page), below will
appear on operation panel screen. If you turn on a parameter, the background of
parameter becomes light gray colored. When the parameter inactive (OFF) the
background of parameter becomes black colored.
Fig. 41. Main Page
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Fig. 42. Left and Right Hem Icons
If the puller adjustments of left and right hem are different you can follow the side of
the hem on Main Page. The "Left Hem" and the "Right Hem" icons become orange
colored on screen in order. Individual parameter adjustments can be made to left and
right hems if necessary. The machine would operate in cycle mode alternating
between left and right hem.
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Fig. 43. Puller Adjustments Icon
By touching "Hem Settings" icon, "Hem Settings Page" below will appears on the
screen. The puller adjustments for left and right hem, stitch start and end positions,
stitch density per cm can be changed by this screen.
Fig. 44. Puller Adjustments Page
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Fig. 45. Hem Joint Numbers Icon
The "Hem Joint Number" must be entered by using this icon. Most applications have
two joints although it is possible to perform hemming with 3 or 4 joints on TH-5500.
Machine finishes the job after the hem joint sensor passes the selected number of
joints. Before starting the sewing operation you have to place the bottom as the first
joint take place on rightside of hem joint sensor.
Fig. 46. Bobin Winding Icons
By touching "Bobin" icon, the button returns light gray colored. When button is light
gray only bobin winder (sewing head) runs on machine, the other systems of
machines (eg. pullers, strecher levers) doesn't work untill touching bobin icon again.
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Fig. 47. Counting Type Icon
By touching sliding counting type icon, it`s possible to choose to count number of
hems or trousers.
Fig. 48. Counter
On "Main Page" screen there is a counter that counts the finished jobs.
If you take number of finished jobs daily or for each different model; you can reset the
counter (by using "RESET" icon), according to your working plan. After touching
"RESET" icon a confirmation screen below appaers on panel.
Fig. 49. Counter reset confirmation screen
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Fig. 50. Manual sewing mode
This function is for repairing wrong hemmed or sewn bottoms. By sliding the
"MANUEL SEWING", the icon becomes white. When "MANUAL SEWING" is active
machine runs sewing operation without hemming. After repairs slide the icon from
MANUEL to AUTOMATIC and MANUEL icon becomes gray and machine runs
sewing operation with hemming.
Fig. 51. Menu Icon
By touching "Menu" icon, "Menu Selection Page" below appears on the screen. This
menu includes "Settings", "Info", "Warning", "Main Page", "Pneumatic Diagram", "I/O
Page" and "Manual Operation" icons.
Fig. 52. Menu Selection Page
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4.2.2. Menu Selection Page
Fig. 53. Menu Selection Page
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Fig. 54. Settings Icon
By touching " Settings" icon, " Settings Page" screen below appears on panel.
Fig. 55. Adjustment Page
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Fig. 56. About Us Icon
By touching "Info" icon, AMF Reece Company information screen below appears on
panel.
Fig. 57. About Us Page
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Fig. 58. Errors Icon
By touching "Warnings" icon, the saved errors appear on the screen.
Fig. 59. Warnings Page
Fig. 60. Main Page Icon
By touching "Main Page" icon, screen returns back to "Main Page" menu.
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Fig. 61. Pneumatic Diagram Icon
By touching " Pneumatic Diagram" icon on the Pneumatic diagrams appears on panel
one by one according to he colors of pneumatic hoses as mentioned above (Pages
16-20).
Fig. 62. I/O Test Icon
By touching "I/O Page" icon on the "Inputs & Outputs Page" below appears on
screen for input and output electronic test. If any of inputs or outputs works on control
time, white color appears on the name of input or output.
Fig. 63. Input Output Test Screen
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Fig. 64 Manual Operation Icon
By touching " Manual Operation" icon, Manual Operations screen below appears on
panel. The manual controls are avaible by touching related icons. For example: If you
want to check right strecher, hook return and hook up positions, you should touch
"RIGHT STRECHER", "HOOK RETURN" and "HOOK UP" icons.
Fig. 65. Manual Operations Screen
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4.2.3. Adjustments Page
Fig. 66. Adjustments Page
Fig. 67. Drop Point and Exit Time Adjustments
"Drop Point" describes the movement length (cm) after the hook starts hemming.
When movement length is achieved, front foot moves down and takes position for
hemming edge.
"Exit Time" describes the synchronic delay (sec) between the front foot upward
movement after the finish of sewing operation.
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Fig. 68. Hook Out Position Adjustment
"Hook Exit Position" describes the synchronic delay length (cm) between the outward
movement of the hook after the joint sensor sees the last joint.
Fig. 69. Hook Vibration Adjustment
According to the fabric properties the hook can be vibrated. The hemming operation
becomes easier by vibrating hook. Esspecially for thick and hard fabrics vibration
function must be activated.
All these synchronic adjustments are used for hemming stabilization according to the
fabric properties esspecialy draping and thickness. For example if it's too difficult to
keep stable the hemmed fabric, the Front Foot Position must be lower and Hook out
position must be higher as possible.
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Fig. 70. Puller Speed and Thread Pickup Time Adjustments
"Thread Pick Up Time" describes duration of thread pick up activation. Thread pick
up activation runs in the end of sewing operation, during entered "Thread Pick Up
Time" (sec). Thread pick up runs in synchronization with upward movement of the
front foot.
Fig. 71. Lower Strecher (ON/OFF) Icons
The "Lower Strecher" must be generally activated (ON) except hemming narrow
bottoms. When the operator hems narrow bottoms the "Lower Strecher" must be
deactivated (OFF). At the same time the lower strecher lever must be turned
downward to place bottom under the machine head easily.
Fig. 72. Trimmer Knife Cutting Time Icon
"Trimmer Knife Cutting Time" describes the synchronic delay (sec) after sewing
operation.
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Fig. 73. Sewing Head Speed Icon
Sewing Head Speed describes the maximum revolution of Sewing head.
Fig. 74. Language Icons
Choose the language of the screen by touching the language selection icons
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Fig. 75. Factory Settings Icon
By touching " Reset To Factory Settings" icon, a password entering screen appears.
Fig. 76. Password Screen
After entering the password (1498), another screen below appeared on screen to
confirm that you want to set back your machine to the factory settings. If you touch
"YES" icon on appeared confirmation screen your machine will be reset to the factory
settings.
Fig. 77. Factory Settings Confirmation Screen
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4.2.4. Puller Adjustments Page
Fig. 78. Puller Adjustments Page
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Fig. 79. Pulling Rates and Directions for 1. and 2. Joints Adjustments
The joints of the hem must be alligned during hemming operation. To prevent slipping
of the bottom, the linear speeds of the upper and lower pullers must be adjusted with
pre-trials before starting serial production cycle. The rate of upper puller speed to
lower puller speed showed as "1. JOINT" from first joint to second joint. "2. JOINT"
rate describes the puller speed rate from second joint to the finish point. The bottom
slipping can occur because of pattern, fabric thickness, fabric elasticity, fabric surface
roughness / slippery, weft-warp density and similar reasons.
The pulling rates can be adjusted differently for left and right hems. When you have
entered rates for left or right the screen becomes orange for left hem and red for right
hem.
Fig. 80. Bottom Slipping
The left arrow must be used when bottom slipping occurs to the right side. The right
arrow must be used when bottom slipping occurs to the left side.
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Fig. 81. Other Adjustments
"First Folding Speed" describes pulling rate before sewing operation.
"Starting Point" describes the length (cm) of the movement after the first joint sensed
by joint sensor at the begining after which the sewing operation is started.
"Finishing Point" describes the length (cm) of the movement after the first joint
sensed by joint sensor in the end after which the sewing operation is ended. In order
to create overlapping stitches "Stitch end position" must be longer than "Stitch start
position" as desired length.
The stitch length can be adjusted by touching "Number of Stitches Per cm" icon.
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4.2.4. Service Screen
Fig. 82. Service Screen
The "Service" screen is security guard for operator. This screen appears by touching
the green button under opreration panel. Some of the basic preparations such as
threading, changing the needle and bobbin etc. can be done securely by activating
this screen. Please don't intervene in the machine without activating "Service"
screen.
4.2.5. Please Insert Hem Screen
Fig. 83. Please Insert Hem Screen
If you pressed on the foot pedal without inserting a bottom under the machine head,
a warning screen above appears on the screen and machine doesn't work anymore.
when you pressed the backward of the pedal the panel returns to the "Main Page"
screen and than you can go on to hemming process.
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4.2.6. Please Check Trimmer Knife Screen
Fig. 84. Please Check Trimmer Knife Screen
If the "Trimmer Knife" is stucked, a warning screen above appears on the screen and
machine doesn't work anymore. When you clean the trimmer and turn the volant of
sewing head, you will hear a click and the panel returns to the "Main Page" screen by
touching "Menu" icon. You can go on to hemming process after "Main Page"
appears.
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PART 5
TOUBLESHOOTING
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Because of adjustment failures; different kind of problems can occurs. The solutions
of these common problems are explained below.
5.1. HOW TO AVOID BOTTOM SLIPPING?
The joints of the bottom must be alligned during hemming operation. To avoid
slipping of the bottom, the linear speeds of the upper and lower pullers must be
adjusted with pre-trials before starting serial production cycle.
Fig. 85. Pulling Rates and Directions for 1. and 2. Joints Adjustments
The rate of upper puller speed to lower puller speed showed as "1. JOINT" from first
joint to second joint. "2. JOINT" rate describes the puller speed rate from second joint
to the finish point. The bottom slipping can occur because of pattern, fabric thickness,
fabric elasticity, fabric surface roughness / slippery, weft-warp density and similar
reasons.
The pulling rates must be increased if bottom slips to the right side as shown below.
Fig. 86.Bottom Slipping To The Right Side (1. Joint of Example)
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Fig. 87. Bottom Slipping To The Right Side (2. Joint of Example)
The pulling rates must be decreased if bottom slips to the left side as shown below.
Fig. 88. Bottom Slipping To The Left Side
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5.2. HOW TO AVOID TWISTED LEGS and ROPY HEMS?
When a wave like effect like on the right picture below occurs, the joints must be
checked. If bottom slippings were also observed, the pulling rates must be adjusted.
If the puller adjustments are correct, you must decrease the streching rates by
related manometer (Page: 30-31).
If you checked pulling and streching rates and there is still wave effect on the bottom;
the patterns of the legs must be checked against cutting room errors. Alternatively,
prior sewing operations such as the side seaming must be controlled for
inconsistencies.
Fig. 89. Wave Effect
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5.3. HOW TO AVOID NON-OVERLAPPING STITCH ?
If bottom is not alligned to the guide correctly the beginning and ending stitches are
not overlapped as shown below.
Fig. 90. Overlapping Stitch
There must be no distance between bottom and guide as shown below.
Fig. 91. Correct Allignment Of Bottom And Guide
If bottom is alligned correctly by the operator and the hem becomes distant from the
guide during sewing operation the angle of right strecher adjustment must be revised
by related screw (Page 31).
AMF REECE TH 5500 AUTOMATIC BOTTOM HEMMING MACHINE
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5.4. HOW TO AVOID HOOK GETTING STUCK IN THE HEM?
Bottom must flow over the hook easily. To ensure the hook does not get stuck inside
the hem, the hook distance and angle adjustment must be correct (Page: 27). There
must always be a bigger distance than fabric thickness between hook tip and right
side guide (Page: 26). For 10 mm wide hemming (and 12 mm wide hemming with
thick fabric) the short tipped hook must be used. For all wider hemming operations
long tipped hook must be used.
if the hook still gets stuck despite the hook angle, distance and tip length being
correct; "Hook Out Position" must be revised (Page:56). Hook must always come out
of the hem before the end of sewing operation.
5.5. HOW TO WORK WITH NARROW BOTTOMS?
Fig. 92. Narrow Bottom Hemming With Lower Strecher
If the bottom is too narrow, the left strecher is not used, only right strechers and
optionally lower strecher or lower guide are used.
AMF REECE TH 5500 AUTOMATIC BOTTOM HEMMING MACHINE
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Fig. 93. Lower Strecher OFF
When the operator hems narrowest bottoms, the "Lower Strecher" must be
deactivated (OFF). At the same time the lower strecher lever must be turned
downward manually to place bottom under the machine head easily. And lower guide
must be attached by set screw. The lower guide must be alligned with right and left
guides.
Fig. 94. Narrow Bottom Hemming Without Lower Strecher
Important note: You have to take out the lower guide if the lower strecher will be used
and "Lower Strecher" must be activated (ON).
AMF REECE TH 5500 AUTOMATIC BOTTOM HEMMING MACHINE
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