White Paper
Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based EnterpriseClass SSD Portfolio
Understanding the Key Capabilities of the Saber 1000 Series
and Intrepid 3000 Series
Scott Harlin
Shawn Worsell
Published November 2014
OCZ Storage Solutions, Inc. – A Toshiba Group Company
Contents
Page
1
Introduction
2
2
Enterprise Product Overview
3
3
Endurance And Reliability
7
4
Monitoring And Management Tools
10
5
Product Specifications
12
6
Summary
13
1 Introduction
Over the past several years, OCZ has delivered a leading SATA-based SSD
portfolio that supports both client and enterprise applications, and regarded by
research firms as one of the leading SSD providers in this market space. The
leading products in this portfolio are outlined in Figure 1.
OCZ-branded client drives cover the complete gamut of entry-level value,
mainstream, enthusiast and power user solutions, and the performance they
deliver are typically at the top of their respective classes with industry-leading
throughput and I/O access, having received more industry awards than any
other client SSD competitor.
Enthusiast
CLIENTS
Hyperscale
ENTERPRISE
Mainstream
ENTERPRISE
Figure 1 represents the key products in OCZ’s SATA-based SSD portfolio
White Paper | Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based Enterprise-Class SSD Portfolio | V 1.0 | © 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions
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Client SSDs are intended for personal computing applications and though they
offer lower acquisition costs than enterprise SSDs, they are not designed for
the datacenter. They are designed to support one client / single application I/O
access where response time is critical especially for such applications as system
OCZ has developed and
evolved its SATA-based
boot-ups, file transfers and back-ups. The endurance and reliability typically
built into client SSDs are not at an enterprise-class level, and replacing a single
localized client SSD is a viable alternative.
enterprise SSD portfolio over
the years to address varied
workload requirements
As client SSDs do not handle mixed workloads very well, in comparison
to performing 100% dedicated read or write operations, deploying them in
the enterprise can put data at risk and run up datacenter costs dealing with
problems and/or replacements. In understanding these dynamics, OCZ has
developed and evolved its SATA-based enterprise SSD portfolio over the years
to address varied workload requirements, deliver leading sustained performance
with predictable, efficient and consistent latency responses, all supported by
the endurance and reliability capabilities that IT managers expect from today’s
enterprise-class SSDs.
The purpose of this white paper is to introduce OCZ’s SATA-based enterprise
portfolio and provide product information so that prospective users can gain
a better understanding regarding how these solutions are positioned in the
enterprise and the key capabilities of each.
2 Enterprise Product Overview
With SATA’s strong market position in SSD storage coupled with OCZ’s
successful record of developing award-winning SATA-based solid-state drives,
the company introduces its portfolio of enterprise-class SATA-based solutions
that includes the Saber 1000 SSD Series and Intrepid 3000 SSD Series.
The Saber 1000 SSD Series is designed for read-intensive applications such
as media streaming, video on demand (VOD), virtual desktop infrastructure
(VDI), online archiving and web browsing. It is also targeted for high-volume
deployment hyperscale, web-hosting and distributed computing environments
whereby the volume of data (and the demand for certain types of data) can
increase exponentially but must still be accessed quickly. In these cases,
hyperscale datacenters utilize virtual servers and accommodate increased
processing demands typically through cloud computing without requiring
existing physical space, cooling or power. Examples of large, distributed
computing environments include Facebook, Google, and Amazon.
White Paper | Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based Enterprise-Class SSD Portfolio | V 1.0 | © 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions
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The Intrepid 3000 SSD Series is designed for mainstream enterprise
applications, featuring more extensive endurance and reliability, and available in
two distinct configurations -- the Intrepid 3600 for read-intensive applications
such as those outlined above, and the Intrepid 3800 for write-intensive or mixed
workload applications such as Big Data and analytics, OnLine Transaction
Processing (OLTP), High Performance Computing (HPC), cloud computing, as
well as a host of others.
The following chart are examples of recommended applications supported by
the Saber 1000, Intrepid 3600 and Intrepid 3800, based on their I/O workload
profiles, and outlined in Figure 2:
Application
Saber 1000
Intrepid 3600
Intrepid 3800
Boot Operations (WS and file server)
√
√
Decision Support System (DSS)
√
√
Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
√
√
Enterprise Content Management (ECM)
√
√
Media Streaming
√
√
Photo Sharing / Video Editing
√
√
Read Cache and Indexing
√
√
Video on Demand (VOD)
√
√
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
√
√
Virtual Tape Library (VTL)
√
√
Front-end Web Servers
√
√
Database Servers
√
√
√
Cloud Computing (SaaS, PaaS, IaaS)
√
√
√
MS Exchange
√
√
SQL Database OLTP
√
√
High Performance Computing (HPC)
√
√
Professional Media Editing / Post Production
√
Database & Error Logging
√
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
√
Figure 2 outlines recommended workload applications for OCZ’s enterprise-class, SATA-based SSDs
White Paper | Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based Enterprise-Class SSD Portfolio | V 1.0 | © 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions
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5%
25%
70%
Read-Intensive
Mixed Use
Write-Intensive
Source: TrendFocus (Oct. 2014)
Figure 3: SATA-based enterprise SSD workload splits
As not all SSDs and datacenters are created equal, the key to achieving
increased data and system performance is to understand how the SSD
performs under specific application workload requirements whether the
workloads are read-intensive, write-intensive or mixed between the two.
Based on research provided by TrendFocus (October 2014), SATA-based
enterprise SSDs are currently used for read-intensive applications, equating to
70% usage, while mixed workloads represent 25% usage and write-intensive
workloads represent 5% usage as outlined in Figure 3. As the volumes for
read-intensive applications continue to grow, OCZ mirrors this industry trend
with read-intensive solutions targeted for hyperscale workloads, as well as
advanced solutions targeted for mainstream enterprise mixed workload
applications.
Whether the workload is read-intensive, write-intensive, or mixed, efficient
predictable performance is essential to the success of the enterprise so
that connected users are provided with a faster, more responsive storage
experience. Without this level of consistency, I/O response latency spikes
become evident in the system requiring IT personnel to adjust application
workload requirements accordingly, which in turn, increase maintenance and
support costs, as well as overall total cost of ownership (TCO).
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Saber 1000
The Saber 1000 SATA III SSD Series utilizes cutting-edge A19 nanometer (nm)
NAND flash process geometry from Toshiba coupled with OCZ’s internallydesigned Barefoot 3 controller that enables full design control over the product
roadmap while delivering high performance storage, and required endurance
and drive reliability for enterprise hyperscale applications.
Designed to support 240GB, 480GB and 960GB usable capacities, the Saber
1000 Series delivers consistent sustained I/O performance across all capacities
to accelerate enterprise applications. The performance metrics for a 960GB
capacity Saber 1000 SSD include read bandwidth of up to 550 MB/s, write
bandwidth of up to 470 MB/s, 4KB random read speed of up to 98,000 input/
output operations per second (IOPS), and 4KB random write speed up to
20,000 IOPS.
As current market research indicates, there is demand for hyperscale enterprise
and OEM applications and the Saber 1000 Series directly addresses these
cost-sensitive, read-intensive focused customers.
Intrepid 3000
The Intrepid 3000 SSD Series is OCZ’s mainstream enterprise-class SSD
SATA III solution with a focus centered on high-performance and low-latency
while endurance and reliability remain a significant metric so that the series is
appealing to a broad range of OEM and enterprise-class customers whether the
application is read-intensive, write-intensive or mixed.
In comparison to OCZ’s previous generation Deneva 2 architecture, the Intrepid
3000 Series provides a 12x improvement in I/O response time delivering
consistent and predictable latency over a sustained time period. The Intrepid
3000 Series delivers five times faster sustained performance for 4KB write
operations and two times faster sustained performance for 4KB read operations
versus the Deneva 2 as well. It also delivers predictable and consistent I/O
access across the enterprise that not only reduces potential system and storage
bottlenecks, but also helps to improve user productivity.
Supporting Toshiba’s 19nm NAND flash and storage capacities up to 800GB,
the Intrepid 3000 architecture is based on OCZ’s Everest 2 platform with
performance metrics that include read bandwidth of up to 540 MB/s, write
bandwidth of up to 480 MB/s, 4KB random read speed of up to 91,000 IOPS,
and 4KB random write speed up to 40,000 IOPS.
White Paper | Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based Enterprise-Class SSD Portfolio | V 1.0 | © 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions
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The Intrepid 3600 Series is designed to support similar read-intensive workloads
as the Saber 1000 Series, while the Intrepid 3800 Series is specifically targeted
for write-intensive and mixed workload applications making it ideally suited
for OnLine Transaction Processing (OLTP), High Performance Computing
Though the Intrepid 3000
and Saber 1000 offer
comparable performance,
the key differentials include
(HPC), Big Data processing, email servers, professional media editing / post
production, OnLine Analytical Processing (OLAP), to name a few.
Key Takeaway
The Intrepid 3600 Series and Saber 1000 Series are both targeted for
acquisition cost, endurance
read-intensive applications such as online archiving, web browsing, media
and reliability, and data
streaming, and indexing, and both employ unique firmware features that
protection
the SSD to ‘shovel’ data at incredible speeds to clear the queue and return to
enable heavy read queues to be prioritized in short bursts that literally allow
normal housekeeping functions. Though the Intrepid 3600 and Saber 1000
offer comparable performance, the key differentials include acquisition cost,
endurance and reliability, and data protection. If more endurance, data reliability
and power fail protection is required, the Intrepid 3600 Series becomes a more
viable product, and if the workload is more of a mixed requirement, the Intrepid
3800 Series is the recommended solution.
3 Endurance And Reliability
Saber 1000
The Saber 1000 SSD Series is engineered to provide endurance and data
reliability tools through its powerful Barefoot 3 controller and associated
firmware. This includes flash management tools that can analyze and
dynamically adapt to increasing NAND vulnerabilities as flash cells wear and
designed to overcome limitations associated with this wear. The endurance
and reliability tools do not include the suite of capabilities available within the
mainstream enterprise Intrepid 3000 Series.
In the event of a sudden power loss, the Saber 1000 Series uses a technique
referred to as Power Failure Management Plus (PFM+) which holds up the
SSD circuitry long enough to ensure the integrity of the device so that it can
be fully operational again once power is restored. To achieve this, each Saber
1000 SSD uses an internal 16 Byte PFM+ log that describes a single action
performed on the NAND and this log contains only the essential data needed
to rescue the SSD from metadata corruption. As a result, the PFM+ logs are
accumulated and saved frequently with no impact on overall SSD performance.
As most enterprise and hyperscale datacenter servers are deployed in clusters,
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PFM+ ensures that once the power is restored, and the server cluster stabilizes
again, all Saber 1000 SSDs will return back to the condition they were in at the
time of failure.
In the enterprise, it is imperative for in-flight write operations to complete during
a power failure or data can be lost, corrupted or cause system errors. For
read-intensive applications, such as hyperscale workloads, completing in-flight
operations during a power loss is not as critical.
With support for Power Failure Management Plus (depicted in Figure 4),
the Saber 1000 Series enables each connected SSD to remain operational
post-outage preventing it from becoming a brick (which in simplest terms
means it cannot be communicated with and data cannot be recovered). Since
most servers are deployed in clusters, once the power is restored, and the
server cluster comes back alive, the Saber 1000 SSD can be easily restored,
data retrieved at the time of failure, and/or repopulated with data post outage.
As a result, the endurance provided by the Saber 1000 Series is warranted to
provide ½ complete Drive Writes Per Day (DWPD) for 5 years.
Prevents ‘brick drive’ syndrome
POWER FAILURE
MANAGEMENT PLUS
(PLM+)
SSD operational post outage
In flight data not protected but
target workload doesn’t require it
Figure 4 outlines Saber 1000 support for Power Failure Management Plus
Intrepid 3000
With a host of read-intensive, write-intensive and mixed workload applications
driving the data center, enterprise SSDs are expected to always be available
for moving data to new locations based on need or tier structure, for providing
a performance boost to key applications, or simply for enabling ‘real-time’
data access. The life expectancy of an SSD is completely dependent on the
endurance and reliability tools, techniques, algorithms and/or technologies
implemented.
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Enterprise SSD endurance is typically described as the built-in capabilities that
enable the device to handle a constant workload without stress, malfunction
or failure for a long period of operation with emphasis on those capabilities
that extend NAND flash life and improve drive durability. Data reliability
includes those attributes built within an SSD that enable consistent ‘to-spec’
performance and provide advanced data recovery, data integrity and power loss
protection capabilities.
The Intrepid 3000 Series features OCZ-engineered proprietary firmware that
works on top of the SSD controller to deliver a powerful suite of endurance and
reliability tools that includes:
• Advanced ECC that detects and corrects a limited number of bit errors
‘on-the-fly’ and provides additional capabilities that further reduce
uncorrectable bit error rates.
• End-to-end data path protection that performs data integrity checks
at every juncture where data is transmitted and received ensuring that
corrupted data is protected and not propagated.
• SSD RAID Redundancy that duplicates all data stored in an Intrepid 3000
SSD so if the SSD fails, back-up exists, the storage operation will not be
adversely impacted, and data will be protected under most failures or
duress.
• Power Loss Protection (PLP) so if a sudden power loss or failure occurs,
and the primary power source drops below a pre-defined threshold,
the Intrepid 3000 controller will no longer allow the drive to accept new
commands from the host until the in-flight write operation completes. This
built-in logic uses a super capacitor inside the SSD to commit any in-flight
write cache data to flash as depicted in Figure 5:
POWER LOSS
PROTECTION
(PLP)
Data loss is prevented by
completing write operations in
progress during a power failure
Provides peace of mind for
enterprise IT professionals
when data integrity is essential
Figure 5 outlines Intrepid 3000 support for Power Loss Protection
This combination of endurance and data integrity provide the requirements
that IT managers expect from their mainstream enterprise SSD solutions. As
such, the Intrepid 3600 for read-intensive applications is warranted to provide
1 DWPD for 5 years while the Intrepid 3800 for write-intensive applications is
warranted to provide 4 DWPD for 5 years.
White Paper | Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based Enterprise-Class SSD Portfolio | V 1.0 | © 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions
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Key Takeaway
The Saber 1000 and Intrepid 3000 Series both implement endurance, reliability
and advanced management tools expected by IT professionals in support of
OCZ’s StoragePeak 1000
SSD Management System
hyperscale enterprise and mainstream enterprise applications respectively. This
includes advanced flash management capabilities that not only manage flash
resources but perform operations that free up SSD resources such as:
enables IT managers
to centrally monitor and
administer connected Saber
1000 and/or Intrepid 3000
Series resources from a
web-based management
interface
• Wear-leveling that organizes data so the program cycles are evenly
distributed amongst all flash cells, preventing the flash from being overused,
which in turn, slows cell wear, and
• Garbage collection that determines which flash cells have unneeded data
and either consolidates or erases those blocks to reclaim usable capacities,
which in turn, reduce cell use that equates to improved drive life.
IIn those enterprise applications where drive endurance, data reliability, data
integrity and data protection are at the forefront, such as OLTP, OLAP, HPC, Big
Data, and cloud computing, the Intrepid 3000 SSD Series is well positioned.
For read-intensive enterprise applications that support hyperscale, web hosting
and distributed computing environments, the Saber 1000 provides the required
endurance and reliability tools expected by IT managers.
4 Monitoring And Management Tools
Both the Saber 1000 and Intrepid 3000 SSD Series are supported by the
industry-standard, self-monitoring analytical and reporting technology (SMART)
that is implemented at the system level and based on past and present
use-analysis it receives from either the Saber 1000 or Intrepid 3000 SSD
controller. SMART initiates warning messages to the controller about potential
drive failures enabling IT administrators to respond in a proactive manner.
This monitoring and management capability rises to new levels when used in
combination with OCZ’s StoragePeak 1000 SSD Management System that
enables IT managers to centrally monitor and administer connected Saber
1000 and/or Intrepid 3000 Series resources from a web-based management
interface. This network-accessible management system securely connects
to multiple hosts (running Linux or Windows operating systems) providing a
cross-platform view of the OCZ SSDs connected to servers, storage arrays or
appliances, and includes a user configurable alerting systems that enables IT
corrective actions to be initiated at an early stage.
StoragePeak 1000 simplifies network administration by allowing IT managers
to connect the application to multiple hosts across the network via engine
software that the user installs on each host (typically used as an interface or
White Paper | Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based Enterprise-Class SSD Portfolio | V 1.0 | © 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions
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communications link) as outlined in Figure 6. Once StoragePeak 1000 is added
to the enterprise (the software is easily downloadable from OCZ’s website), it
continually monitors the environment and will discover new hosts when they are
added. When a new host is discovered, a complete inventory of the individual
OCZ SSDs associated with that host are provided while enabling quick access
to the SSDs themselves.
Additional information on StoragePeak 1000 is available at:
http://ocz.com/enterprise/software/storage-peak-1000-flash-management
A StoragePeak 1000 introduction white paper is also available at:
http://ocz.com/enterprise/literature/white-papers/storage-peak-1000-ssdmanagement-software
Local Network
Figure 6 depicts StoragePeak 1000 remote access to multiple hosts
White Paper | Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based Enterprise-Class SSD Portfolio | V 1.0 | © 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions
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Key Takeaway:
For IT departments adding SSDs to the enterprise, the ability to centrally
manage and maintain them are crucial for this level of host and SSD
management. OCZ’s StoragePeak 1000 provides the advanced tools, system
information and SSD health monitoring required by IT managers enabling
them to perform mission-critical actions, extend drive and NAND flash life,
and maximize data center ROI from their deployed OCZ flash-based storage
resources.
5 Product Specifications
The key product specifications for the Saber 1000 SSD Series and Intrepid
3000 SSD Series are covered in Figure 7 below:
Specification
Saber 1000
Intrepid 3600
Intrepid 3800
A19nm MLC
19nm MLC
19nm eMLC
6Gb/s SATA III
6Gb/s SATA III
6Gb/s SATA III
2.5”, 7mm
2.5”, 9.5mm
2.5”, 9.5mm
240/480/960
100/200/400/800
100/200/400/800
Max. Sequential Read
550 MB/s
540 MB/s
540 MB/s
Max. Sequential Write
500 MB/s
480 MB/s
480 MB/s
Sustained 4KB Random Read
95,000 IOPS
91,000 IOPS
91,000 IOPS
Sustained 4KB Random Write
23,000 IOPS
38,000 IOPS
40,000 IOPS
Endurance (DWPD)
0.5
1
4
Power Consumption
3.7 W (active)
3.4 W (active)
3.4 W (active)
Power Failure
Power Loss Protection
Power Loss Protection
Management Plus (PFM+)
(PLP) Full In-Flight
(PLP) Full In-Flight
2 million
2 million
2 million
NAND
Interface
Form Factor
User Capacity (GB)
Power Loss Protection
MTBF
Figure 7 Product Specifications
White Paper | Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based Enterprise-Class SSD Portfolio | V 1.0 | © 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions
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6 Summary
OCZ developed its SATA-based SSD portfolio to address specific workload
requirements, deliver leading sustained performance, as well as predictable,
efficient and consistent latency responses, and provide the endurance and
reliability tools expected by IT managers.
The Saber 1000 family is an enterprise SSD series designed specifically for
read-intensive applications and hyperscale workloads, and provides enterpriseclass performance, endurance and reliability at a low acquisition cost. The
series is particularly well-suited for media streaming, video on demand, virtual
desktop infrastructure, online archiving and web browsing applications. In the
event of a power failure, its Power Failure Management Plus feature enables
each connected drive to keep the data post-outage preventing the drive from
becoming a brick and an ideal, cost-effective solution for hyperscale or web
hosting environments.
The Intrepid 3000 Series leverages an impressive enterprise-class feature-set to
enable customers with leading small block/large block random and sequential
performance, advanced data management, and advanced endurance and
reliability, all resulting in industry-leading mainstream enterprise flash-based
storage solutions. Available in two distinct configurations, the Intrepid 3600
Series supports read-intensive workloads similar to the Saber 1000 Series,
while the Intrepid 3800 Series supports the most compute-heavy write-intensive
and mixed workload applications such as OLTP, HPC, Big Data processing,
email servers, and OLAP, achieving exceptional SSD responsiveness regardless
of data type or I/O pattern.
Additional information on OCZ’s current SATA-based enterprise SSD portfolio
covering the Saber 1000 Series and Intrepid 3000 Series, as well as OCZ’s
complete line-up of enterprise SSDs and software solutions are available at
www.ocz.com/enterprise.
Saber 1000
hyperscale enterprise – for read-intensive applications
Intrepid 3600
mainstream enterprise – for read-intensive applications
Intrepid 3800
mainstream enterprise – for write-intensive or mixed workload applications
White Paper | Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based Enterprise-Class SSD Portfolio | V 1.0 | © 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions
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Contact us for
more information
OCZ Storage Solutions
6373 San Ignacio Avenue
San Jose, CA 95119 USA
P 408.733.8400
E sales@oczenterprise.com
W ocz.com/enterprise
EMAIL SALES TEAM
VISIT OCZ ENTERPRISE
Disclaimer
OCZ may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time, without notice. The information presented in this document is for
informational purposes only and may contain technical inaccuracies, omissions and typographical errors. Any performance tests and ratings are
measured using systems that reflect the approximate performance of OCZ products as measured by those tests. Any differences in software or
hardware configuration may affect actual performance, and OCZ does not control the design or implementation of third party benchmarks or websites
referenced in this document. The information contained herein is subject to change and may be rendered inaccurate for many reasons, including but not
limited to any changes in product and/or roadmap, component and hardware revision changes, new model and/or product releases, software changes,
firmware changes, or the like. OCZ assumes no obligation to update or otherwise correct or revise this information.
OCZ MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE CONTENTS HEREOF AND ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR
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ATTRIBUTION
© 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions, Inc. – A Toshiba Group Company. All rights reserved.
OCZ, the OCZ logo, OCZ XXXX, OCZ XXXXX, [Product name] and combinations thereof, are trademarks of OCZ Storage Solutions, Inc. – A Toshiba
Group Company. All other products names and logos are for reference only and may be trademarks of their respective owners.
White Paper | Introducing OCZ’s New SATA-Based Enterprise-Class SSD Portfolio | V 1.0 | © 2014 OCZ Storage Solutions
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