Using VMware Workstation Player for
Windows
Workstation 12 Player
VMware Workstation Player for Windows 12.0
VMware Workstation Player for Windows 12.1
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
You can find the most up-to-date technical documentation on the VMware Web site at:
https://docs.vmware.com/
The VMware Web site also provides the latest product updates.
If you have comments about this documentation, submit your feedback to:
docfeedback@vmware.com
Copyright © 2017 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright and trademark information.
VMware, Inc.
3401 Hillview Ave.
Palo Alto, CA 94304
www.vmware.com
2
VMware, Inc.
Contents
1 Updated Information 7
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
2 Introduction and System Requirements 11
Host System Requirements for Workstation Player
Virtual Machine Features and Specifications 14
3 Installing and Using Workstation Player
9
11
17
Install Workstation Player on a Windows Host 17
Start Workstation Player 20
Use the Workstation Player Window 20
Transferring Files and Text 21
Download a Virtual Appliance in Workstation Player 22
Remove a Virtual Machine from the Library in Workstation Player
Email Address Collection in Workstation Player 23
Uninstall Workstation Player 23
22
4 Changing Workstation Player Preference Settings 25
Configuring Close Behavior Preference Settings 25
Configuring Virtual Printers on Windows Hosts 26
Configuring Software Updates Settings 26
Sending System Data and Usage Statistics to VMware 27
5 Creating Virtual Machines in Workstation Player 31
Understanding Virtual Machines 31
Preparing to Create a Virtual Machine 31
Create a Virtual Machine 35
Use Easy Install to Install a Guest Operating System 36
Install a Guest Operating System Manually 37
Importing Virtual Machines 38
6 Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools 41
Installing VMware Tools 41
Upgrading VMware Tools 42
Configure Software Update Preferences 43
Configure VMware Tools Updates for a Specific Virtual Machine 44
Manually Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools 44
Start the VMware User Process Manually If You Do Not Use a Session Manager 50
Uninstalling VMware Tools 50
VMware, Inc.
3
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
7 Starting and Stopping Virtual Machines in Workstation Player 53
Start a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player 53
Start an Encrypted Virtual Machine in Workstation Player 54
Download a Virtual Appliance in Workstation Player 54
Power Off a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player 54
Remove a Virtual Machine from the Library in Workstation Player 55
Use Ctrl+Alt+Delete to Shut Down a Guest 55
Suspend and Resume a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player 55
Reset a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player 56
Enable Autologon in a Windows Virtual Machine 56
Set Workstation Player Preferences for Virtual Machine Closing Behavior 57
8 Changing the Virtual Machine Display 59
Configure Display Settings for a Virtual Machine 59
Use Full Screen Mode in Workstation Player 60
Use Unity Mode 61
Use Multiple Monitors for One Virtual Machine in Workstation Player
63
9 Using Removable Devices and Printers in Virtual Machines 65
Use a Removable Device in a Virtual Machine 65
Connecting USB Devices to Virtual Machines 66
Add a Host Printer to a Virtual Machine 68
Using Smart Cards in Virtual Machines 68
10 Setting Up Shared Folders for a Virtual Machine 71
Using Shared Folders 71
Enable a Shared Folder for a Virtual Machine 73
View Shared Folders in a Windows Guest 74
Mounting Shared Folders in a Linux Guest 74
Change Shared Folder Properties 75
Change the Folders That a Virtual Machine Can Share
Disable Folder Sharing for a Virtual Machine 76
Mapping a Virtual Disk to the Host System 76
75
11 Configuring and Managing Virtual Machines 79
Change the Name of a Virtual Machine 79
Change the Guest Operating System for a Virtual Machine 80
Change the Working Directory for a Virtual Machine 80
Change the Virtual Machine Directory for a Virtual Machine 80
Change the Memory Allocation for a Virtual Machine 81
Configuring Video and Sound 81
Moving Virtual Machines 84
Delete a Virtual Machine 87
View the Message Log for a Virtual Machine 87
Using the VIX API 87
Install New Software in a Virtual Machine 88
4
VMware, Inc.
Contents
12 Configuring and Managing Devices 89
Configuring DVD, CD-ROM, and Floppy Drives 89
Configuring a USB Controller 91
Configuring and Maintaining Virtual Hard Disks 93
Configuring Virtual Ports 99
Configuring Generic SCSI Devices 102
Configuring Eight-Way Virtual Symmetric Multiprocessing
Configuring Keyboard Features 105
Modify Hardware Settings for a Virtual Machine 112
104
13 Configuring Network Connections 115
Understanding Virtual Networking Components 115
Understanding Common Networking Configurations 116
Configuring Bridged Networking 117
Configuring Network Address Translation 118
Configuring Host-Only Networking 119
Changing a Networking Configuration 120
14 Configuring Virtual Machine Option Settings 123
Configuring General Option Settings for a Virtual Machine 123
Configuring Power Options for a Virtual Machine 125
Configuring VMware Tools Options for a Virtual Machine 126
Configuring Unity Mode for a Virtual Machine 126
Configuring Autologon for a Virtual Machine 127
15 Configuring Virtual Machine Hardware Settings 129
Adding Hardware to a Virtual Machine 129
Removing Hardware from a Virtual Machine 130
Adjusting Virtual Machine Memory 131
Configuring Virtual Machine Processor Settings 131
Configuring and Maintaining Virtual Hard Disks 132
Configuring CD-ROM and DVD Drive Settings 135
Configuring Floppy Drive Settings 136
Configuring Virtual Network Adapter Settings 137
Configuring USB Controller Settings 140
Configuring Sound Card Settings 141
Configuring Parallel Port Settings 141
Configuring Serial Port Settings 141
Configuring Generic SCSI Device Settings 142
Configuring Printer Settings 143
Configuring Display Settings 143
Installing a Guest Operating System on a Physical Disk or Unused Partition
Index
VMware, Inc.
144
145
5
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
6
VMware, Inc.
1
Updated Information
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows is updated with each release of the product or when necessary.
This table provides the update history of Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows.
Revision
Description
EN-001871-01
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
EN-001871-00
VMware, Inc.
Removed references to deprecated guest operating
systems in the document.
Removed procedures for Linux hosts in the document.
Removed the following sections because the
functionality was removed in a previous release:
n "Stream a Virtual Machine from a Web Server "
n "Make a Virtual Machine Available for Streaming "
Removed requirement in “Processor Requirements for
Host Systems,” on page 11 for "LAHF/SAHF support
in long mode". This requirement applies only to older
64-bit CPUs produced before 2006.
Updated “Prepare the Host System to Use 3D
Accelerated Graphics,” on page 82 to add a statement
clarifying OpenGL3.3 support.
Updated “Guest Operating Systems That Support
Shared Folders,” on page 72 for supported guest
operating systems.
Added “Changing Automatic Bridging Settings,” on
page 138.
Initial release.
7
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
8
VMware, Inc.
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows describes how to use VMware Workstation Player™ to create,
configure, and manage virtual machines on a Windows host.
Intended Audience
This information is intended for anyone who wants to install, upgrade, or use Workstation Player on a
Windows host.
VMware, Inc.
9
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
10
VMware, Inc.
Introduction and System
Requirements
2
Workstation Player is a desktop application that lets you create, configure, and run virtual machines. You
can also use Workstation Player to download and run virtual appliances.
Host computers that run Workstation Player must meet specific hardware and software requirements.
Virtual machines that run in Workstation Player support specific devices and provide certain features.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Host System Requirements for Workstation Player,” on page 11
n
“Virtual Machine Features and Specifications,” on page 14
Host System Requirements for Workstation Player
The physical computer on which you install Workstation Player is called the host system and its operating
system is called the host operating system. To run Workstation Player, the host system and the host
operating system must meet specific hardware and software requirements.
Processor Requirements for Host Systems
You must install Workstation Player on a host system that meets certain processor requirements.
Supported Processors
The host system must have a 64-bit x86 CPU with 1.3 GHz or faster core speed. Multiprocessor systems are
supported.
When you install Workstation Player, the installer performs checks to make sure the host system has a
supported processor. You cannot install Workstation Player if the host system does not meet the processor
requirements.
Processor Requirements for 64-Bit Guest Operating Systems
The operating system that runs inside a virtual machine is called the guest operating system. To run 64-bit
guest operating systems, the host system must have one of the following processors.
n
An AMD CPU that has segment-limit support in long mode
n
An Intel CPU that has VT-x support
If you have an Intel CPU that has VT-x support, you must verify that VT-x support is enabled in the host
system BIOS. The BIOS settings that must be enabled for VT-x support vary depending on the system
vendor. See the VMware knowledge base article at http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1003944 for information about
how to determine if VT-x support is enabled.
VMware, Inc.
11
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
When you install a 64-bit operating system, Workstation Player performs checks to make sure the host
system has a supported processor. You cannot install a 64-bit operating system if the host system does not
meet the processor requirements.
Processor Requirements for Windows 7 Aero Graphics
To support Windows 7 Aero graphics, the host system should have either an Intel Dual Core 2.2 GHz or
later CPU or an AMD Athlon 4200+ or later CPU.
Supported Host Operating Systems
You can install Workstation Player on Windows and Linux host operating systems.
To see a list of the supported host operating systems, search the online VMware Compatibility Guide on the
VMware Web site.
Workstation Player is not listed, but the information for Workstation Pro is applicable to Workstation Player.
Operating systems that are not listed are not supported for use in a virtual machine.
Memory Requirements for Host Systems
The host system must have enough memory to run the host operating system, the guest operating systems
that run inside the virtual machines on the host system, and the applications that run in the host and guest
operating systems.
The minimum memory required on the host system is 1 GB. 2 GB and above is recommended.
To support Windows 7 Aero graphics in a virtual machine, at least 3 GB of host system memory is required.
1 GB of memory is allocated to the guest operating system and 256 MB is allocated to graphics memory.
See your guest operating system and application documentation for more information on memory
requirements.
Display Requirements for Host Systems
The host system must have a 16-bit or 32-bit display adapter. Use the latest graphics driver recommended
for the host system.
To support Windows 7 Aero graphics, the host system should have either an NVIDIA GeForce 8800GT or
later or an ATI Radeon HD 2600 or later graphics processor.
Important 3D benchmarks, such as 3DMark '06, might not render correctly or at all when running
Windows Vista or Windows 7 virtual machines on some graphics hardware.
12
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 2 Introduction and System Requirements
Disk Drive Requirements for Host Systems
Host systems must meet certain disk drive requirements. Guest operating systems can reside on physical
disk partitions or in virtual disk files.
Table 2‑1. Disk Drive Requirements for Host Systems
Drive Type
Requirements
Hard disk
n
n
n
Optical CD-ROM and DVD
n
n
n
Floppy
IDE, SATA, and SCSI hard drives are supported.
At least 1 GB free disk space is recommended for each guest operating system
and the application software used with it. If you use a default setup, the
actual disk space needs are approximately the same as those for installing
and running the guest operating system and applications on a physical
computer.
For installation, approximately 200 MB free disk space is required on Linux
and 250 MB free disk space is required on Windows. You can delete the
installer after the installation is complete to reclaim disk space.
IDE, SATA, and SCSI optical drives are supported.
CD-ROM and DVD drives are supported.
ISO disk image files are supported.
Virtual machines can connect to disk drives on the host computer. Floppy disk
image files are also supported.
Solid-State Drives
If your host machine has a physical solid-state drive (SSD), the host informs guest operating systems they
are running on an SSD.
This allows the guest operating systems to optimize behavior. How the virtual machines recognize SSD and
use this information depends on the guest operating system and the disk type of the virtual disk (SCSI,
SATA, or IDE).
n
On Windows 8, Windows 10, Ubuntu, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux virtual machines, all drive types
can report their virtual disks as SSD drives.
n
On Windows 7 virtual machines, only IDE and SATA virtual disks can report their virtual disks as SSD.
SCSI virtual disks only report as SSD when used as a system drive in a virtual machine, or as a
mechanical drive when used as a data drive inside a virtual machine.
n
On Mac virtual machines, only SATA virtual disks are reported as SSD. IDE and SCSI virtual disks are
reported as mechanical drives.
Use the virtual machine operating system to verify your virtual machine is using SSD as its virtual disk.
Local Area Networking Requirements for Host Systems
You can use any Ethernet controller that the host operating system supports.
Non-Ethernet networks are supported by using built-in network address translation (NAT) or by using a
combination of host-only networking and routing software on the host operating system.
VMware, Inc.
13
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Virtual Machine Features and Specifications
Workstation Player virtual machines support specific devices and provide certain features.
Supported Guest Operating Systems
A guest operating system can be Windows, Linux, and other commonly used operating systems.
To see a list of the supported guest operating systems, search the online VMware Compatibility Guide on
the VMware Web site.
Workstation Player is not listed, but the information for Workstation Pro is applicable to Workstation Player.
Operating systems that are not listed are not supported for use in a virtual machine.
See the VMware Guest Operating System Installation Guide for information on installing the most common
guest operating systems.
Virtual Machine Processor Support
Virtual machines support certain processor features.
n
The same as the processor on the host computer.
n
One virtual processor on a host system that has one or more logical processors.
n
Up to eight virtual processors (eight-way virtual symmetric multiprocessing, or Virtual SMP) on a host
system that has at least two logical processors.
Note Workstation Player considers multiprocessor hosts that have two or more physical CPUs, singleprocessor hosts that have a multicore CPU, and single-processor hosts that have hyperthreading
enabled, to have two logical processors.
Virtual Machine Memory Allocation
The total amount of memory that you can assign to all virtual machines running on a single host system is
limited only by the amount of RAM on the host.
On 64-bit hosts, the maximum amount of memory for each virtual machine is 64GB. On 32-bit hosts, the
maximum amount of memory for each virtual machine is 8GB. Workstation Player prevents powering on
virtual machines that are configured to use more than 8GB of memory on 32-bit hosts. Memory
management limitations on 32-bit operating systems cause virtual machine memory to overcommit, which
severely affects system performance.
Compatible Virtual Machines and System Images
Workstation Player can run virtual machines and system images that other VMware products create and
some non-VMware products.
14
VMware virtual
machines
Workstation Player runs virtual machines that were created by using
Workstation 4 and later, GSX Server 3.x, VMware Server, and ESX Server 2.5
and later. Workstation 4 virtual machines run in legacy mode. You must use
another VMware product to upgrade virtual machines created in versions
earlier than Workstation 4 before you can run them in Workstation Player.
Microsoft Virtual PC and
Virtual Server virtual
machines
On Windows hosts, Workstation Player can run Microsoft Virtual PC and
Virtual Server virtual machines. When you open a Virtual PC virtual
machine in Workstation Player, Workstation Player creates a configuration
file that is VMware product compatible and that has a .vmx file extension.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 2 Introduction and System Requirements
Workstation Player preserves the original Virtual PC configuration file and
gives the file a .vmc file extension. You can save the VMware productcompatible virtual machine without changing the original Virtual PC
configuration file.
Symantec Backup Exec
System Recovery
system images
VMware, Inc.
On Windows hosts, Workstation Player can run system images that were
created by using Symantec Backup Exec System Recovery, formerly
Symantec LiveState Recovery. When you open a Backup Exec System
Recovery system image in Workstation Player, Workstation Player creates a
configuration file that is VMware product compatible and that has a .vmx
extension. Workstation Player preserves the original Backup Exec System
Recovery system image file and gives the file a .sv2i file extension.
15
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
16
VMware, Inc.
Installing and Using
Workstation Player
3
Installing Workstation Player typically involves running a standard GUI wizard.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Install Workstation Player on a Windows Host,” on page 17
n
“Start Workstation Player,” on page 20
n
“Use the Workstation Player Window,” on page 20
n
“Transferring Files and Text,” on page 21
n
“Download a Virtual Appliance in Workstation Player,” on page 22
n
“Remove a Virtual Machine from the Library in Workstation Player,” on page 22
n
“Email Address Collection in Workstation Player,” on page 23
n
“Uninstall Workstation Player,” on page 23
Install Workstation Player on a Windows Host
You install Workstation Player on a Windows machine by running the installation wizard.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that your Windows machine meets the host system requirements. See “Host System
Requirements for Workstation Player,” on page 11.
n
Download the Workstation Player installer file to your Windows machine. You can obtain the
Workstation Player installer file from the VMware Web site.
n
If you are installing the purchased version of Workstation Player, verify that you have a license key.
You can use Workstation Player free of charge for non-commercial use. When you use Workstation Player
for the first time, you can enter your email address and use it free of charge, or you can enter your
purchased license key to use Workstation Player and have access to additional features.
Procedure
1
On your Windows machine, double-click the Workstation Player installer file.
The installer filename is similar to VMware-player-xxxx-xxxx.exe, where xxxx-xxxx is the version and
build numbers.
2
VMware, Inc.
Follow the prompts to finish the installation.
17
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
3
(Optional) To activate Workstation Player features, start Workstation Player and enter your license key.
a
Double-click the Workstation Player icon or select Start > All Programs VMware Player to start
Workstation Player.
b
Select Enter a license key to allow commercial use:.
c
Type your license key and click Continue.
Run an Unattended Workstation Player Installation on a Windows Host
You can use the unattended installation feature of the Microsoft Windows Installer (MSI) to install
Workstation Player on Windows host systems without having to respond to wizard prompts. This feature is
convenient in a large enterprise.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the host system meets the host system requirements.
n
Obtain the Workstation Player software and license key.
n
Verify that the host computer has version 2.0 or later of the MSI runtime engine. This version of the
installer is available in versions of Windows beginning with Windows XP and is available from
Microsoft. For more information, see the Microsoft Web site.
n
Familiarize yourself with the installation properties. See “Installation Properties,” on page 19.
Procedure
1
Log in to the host system as the Administrator user or as a user who is a member of the local
Administrators group.
If you log in to the host system as the Administrator user or as a user who is a member of the local
Administrators group.
2
Extract the administrative installation image from the setup file.
The setup filename is similar to VMware=player-xxxx-xxxx.exe where xxxx-xxxx is the version and build
number.
For example, if you enter setup.exe/?, the flag displays a windows message box with the command line
usage for the installer.
3
Enter the installation command on one line.
Some examples are:
VMware-player-x.x.x-xxxxxx.exe /s /pass /v/qn REBOOT=ReallySuppress "EULAS_AGREED=1
INSTALLDIR=""path_to_program_directory"" ADDLOCAL=ALL SERIALNUMBER=""xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxxxxxxx"" "
VMware-player-x.x.x-xxxxxx.exe /s /v/qn EULAS_AGREED=1 SERIALNUMBER="xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxxxxxxx"
VMware-player-x.x.x-xxxxxx.exe /s /v/qn EULAS_AGREED=1 SERIALNUMBER="xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxxxxxxx"
You can use the optional INSTALLDIR property to specify a file path for the installation that is different
from the default location.
Note The double quotes around the file path are important. All the MSI arguments are passed with
the /v option. The outer quotes group the MSI arguments and the double quotes put a quote in that
argument.
18
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 3 Installing and Using Workstation Player
You can use the optional REMOVE property to skip the installation of certain features. See “REMOVE
Property Values,” on page 19.
You can also run an unattended Workstation Player uninstallation on a Windows host. The following
example uninstalls Workstation Player and removes the license from the host.
VMware-player-x.x.x-xxxxxx.exe /s /v"/qn REMOVE=ALL"
Installation Properties
When you perform an unattended installation of Workstation Player, you can customize the installation by
specifying installation properties in the installation command.
To specify an installation property in the installation command, use the format property="value". A value of 1
means true and a value of 0 means false.
Table 3‑1. Installation Properties
Property
Description
Default Value
AUTHD_PORT
Specifies which port the "VMware Authorization Service"
communicates through.
902
AUTOSOFTWAREUPDATE
Enables automatic upgrades for Workstation Player or
Workstation Player when a new build becomes available.
1
DATACOLLECTION
Sends user experience information to VMware.
1
DESKTOP_SHORTCUT
Adds a shortcut on the desktop when Workstation Player is
installed.
1
ENABLE_VIRTUAL_PRINTING
Enables support for ThinPrint virtual printing on the Windows
host after installing.
0
EULAS_AGREED
Allows you to silently accept the product EULAs. Set to 1 to
complete the installation or upgrade.
0
INSTALLDIR
Install Workstation Player in a directory that is different from
the default Workstation Player location.
C:\Program Files
(86)\VMware\VMwar
e Player
KEEP_LICENSE
Specifies whether to keep or remove license keys when
Workstation Player is installed.
1
KEEP_SETTINGFILES
Specifies whether to keep or remove settings files when
Workstation Player is uninstalled.
1
SERIALNUMBER
Lets you enter the license key when Workstation Player is
installed. Enter the license key with hyphens, for example,
"xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx".
SIMPLIFIEDUI
Turn on or off certain UI features of Workstation Player.
SOFTWAREUPDATEURL
Specifies a custom URL for managing software updates
(separate from vmware.com).
STARTMENU_SHORTCUT
Adds a Start menu item when Workstation Player is installed.
SUPPORTURL
Set a support URL or email alias specifically for your users to
contact with product issues through the Workstation Player or
Workstation Player Help menu.
0
1
REMOVE Property Values
When you perform an unattended installation of Workstation Player, you can skip the installation of certain
features by specifying the REMOVE property in the installation command.
To specify a REMOVE property value in the installation command, use the format REMOVE=value. To skip
multiple features, separate each value with a comma, for example, REMOVE=value,value.
VMware, Inc.
19
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Table 3‑2. REMOVE Property Values
Value
Skipped Feature
Networking
Networking components, including the virtual bridge and the host adapters for host-only
networking and NAT networking. Do not remove this component if you want to use NAT or
DHCP.
USB
The virtual USB driver.
Keyboard
The virtual keyboard driver.
ParPort
The parallel port driver.
Start Workstation Player
When you start Workstation Player, the Workstation Player window opens.
You might have a desktop shortcut, a quick launch shortcut, or a combination of these options in addition to
a Start menu item.
Procedure
u
Select Start > Programs > VMware Player.
Use the Workstation Player Window
You interact with Workstation Player and virtual machines through the Workstation Player window. The
best way to learn how to use Workstation Player is to use it. The Workstation Player window is designed to
be intuitive and easy to use.
Procedure
n
Use the icons on the Home tab to create a new virtual machine, open an existing virtual machine,
download a virtual appliance, or view the Workstation Player help system.
n
Select a powered-off virtual machine in the library see the summary view.
The summary view shows a summary of configuration information and the virtual machine state. You
can start the virtual machine and edit virtual machine settings from the summary view.
n
Select a powered-off virtual machine in the library and click Play virtual machine to start the virtual
machine and see the console view.
The console view is like the monitor display of a physical computer.
n
Select a virtual machine in the library and use the Virtual Machine menu on the menu bar to perform
all virtual machine operations for the selected virtual machine.
n
When a virtual machine is powered on, use the icons on the status bar to perform actions on virtual
devices such as hard disks, CD/DVD drives, floppy drives, and network adapters.
You can click or right-click on a removable device icon to connect or disconnect the device or edit its
settings.
n
Use the About VMware Player window to access information about your installation of
Workstation Player, including license key information.
Click Player > Help > About VMware Workstation 12 Player.
20
n
If you have an individual license for Workstation Player, the key is displayed in the License
Information section in the Type field. It is labeled Individual and is followed by your license key.
n
If you have a version of Workstation Player licensed for multiple users, the Type field displays
Volume and your license key is not displayed.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 3 Installing and Using Workstation Player
n
If you did not enter a license for Workstation Player, the Type field displays Not applicable and a
license key is not displayed.
n
If you have an evaluation license key for Workstation Player, the Type field displays Not applicable.
The date the evaluation license key expires is also displayed.
Note The evaluation key does not activate Horizon FLEX features.
Transferring Files and Text
You can use the drag-and-drop and copy and paste features, shared folders, and mapped drives to transfer
text and files between the host system and virtual machines.
Using the Drag-and-Drop Feature
You can use the drag-and-drop feature to move files and directories, email attachments, plain text, formatted
text, and images between the host system and virtual machines.
You can drag files or directories between the following locations.
n
File managers, such as Windows Explorer, on the host system and virtual machines.
n
A file manager to an application that supports drag-and-drop.
n
Applications, such as zip file managers, which support drag-and-drop extraction of individual files.
n
Different virtual machines.
Dragging email attachments is especially useful in Unity mode.
When you drag a file or folder between the host and a virtual machine, Workstation Player copies the file or
folder to the location where you drop it. For example, if you drop a file on the desktop icon of a word
processor, the word processor opens a copy of the original file. The original file does not include changes
that you make to the copy.
Initially, the application opens a copy of the file that is stored in the temp directory. On Windows, the temp
directory is specified in the %TEMP% environment variable. On Linux and Solaris, the temp directory
is /tmp/VMwareDnD. Save the file in a different directory to protect changes that you make.
Drag-and-Drop Requirements and Restrictions
The drag-and-drop feature has certain requirements and restrictions.
n
You must install VMware Tools in a virtual machine to use the drag-and-drop feature.
n
The drag-and-drop feature requires Linux hosts and guests to run X Windows and Solaris 10 guests to
run an Xorg X server and JDS/Gnome.
n
You can drag images between applications on Windows hosts and applications on Windows guests
only. Dragging images is not supported for Linux hosts or guests.
n
You can drag files and directories, email attachments, plain text, and formatted text between Linux and
Windows hosts and Linux, Windows, and Solaris 10 guests only.
n
Dragging email attachments is restricted to images or files smaller than 4 MB.
n
Dragging plain text and formatted text (including the formatting) is restricted to amounts less than 4
MB.
n
Dragging text is restricted to text in languages that can be represented by Unicode characters.
n
Workstation Player uses the PNG format to encode images that are dragged. Dragging images is
restricted to images smaller than 4 MB after conversion to PNG format.
VMware, Inc.
21
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Using the Copy and Paste Feature
You can cut, copy, and paste text between virtual machines and between applications running in virtual
machines.
You can also cut, copy, and paste images, plain text, formatted text, and email attachments between
applications running on the host system and applications running in virtual machines.
Copying and pasting email attachments is especially useful in Unity mode. Use the normal hot keys or
menu choices to cut or copy and paste.
Copy and Paste Requirements and Restrictions
The copy and paste feature has certain requirements and restrictions.
n
You must install VMware Tools in a virtual machine to use the copy and paste feature.
n
The copy and paste feature works with Linux and Windows hosts and Linux, Windows, and Solaris 10
guests only.
n
The copy and paste feature requires Linux hosts and guests to run X Windows and Solaris 10 guests to
run an Xorg X server and JDS/Gnome.
n
Copying and pasting email attachments is restricted to images or files smaller than 4 MB.
n
Copying and pasting plain text and formatted text (including the formatting) is restricted to amounts
less than 4MB.
n
Copying and pasting text is restricted to text in languages that can be represented by Unicode
characters.
n
Workstation Player uses the PNG format to encode images that are copied and pasted. Copying and
pasting images is restricted to images smaller than 4 MB after conversion to PNG format.
n
You cannot copy and paste files between virtual machines.
Download a Virtual Appliance in Workstation Player
You can download a virtual appliance in Workstation Player. A virtual appliance is a prebuilt,
preconfigured, and ready-to-run software application that is packaged with the operating system in a
virtual machine.
Procedure
u
Select Player > File > Download a Virtual Appliance.
A Web browser opens to the Virtual Appliance Marketplace page on the VMware Web site. You can browse
to and download virtual appliances from this page.
Remove a Virtual Machine from the Library in Workstation Player
When you open a virtual machine in Workstation Player, it is added to the virtual machine library. You can
remove a virtual machine that you are not using from the library.
Removing a virtual machine from the library does not delete the virtual machine or any of its files from the
host file system. The virtual machine is removed only from the library. If you open the virtual machine
again, the virtual machine is added back to the library.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
22
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 3 Installing and Using Workstation Player
Procedure
u
Select the virtual machine, right-click, and select Remove VM from the Library.
The virtual machine is removed from the library without any confirmation.
Email Address Collection in Workstation Player
The trial version of Workstation Player prompts you for your email address when you use it for the first
time.
You can use Workstation Player free of charge for non-commercial use. When you use Workstation Player
for the first time, you can enter your email address and use it free of charge, or you can enter your
purchased license key to use Workstation Player and have access to additional features.
Uninstall Workstation Player
You must uninstall the previous version of Workstation Player before you can install the latest version.
Procedure
u
Use the Windows uninstall feature.
For example, on Windows 7, select Start > Control Panel > Programs > Programs and Features >
Uninstall a program.
VMware, Inc.
23
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
24
VMware, Inc.
Changing Workstation Player
Preference Settings
4
Workstation Player preference settings are global configuration settings that apply to Workstation Player
and the virtual machines that you run in Workstation Player.
To change Workstation Player preference settings, select Player > File > Preferences.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Configuring Close Behavior Preference Settings,” on page 25
n
“Configuring Virtual Printers on Windows Hosts,” on page 26
n
“Configuring Software Updates Settings,” on page 26
n
“Sending System Data and Usage Statistics to VMware,” on page 27
Configuring Close Behavior Preference Settings
Close behavior preference settings control what Workstation Player does with virtual machines when you
close them.
To configure close behavior preference settings, select File > Preferences.
Table 4‑1. Close Behavior Preference Settings
Setting
Description
Suspend the virtual machine
The virtual machine is suspended when you close it. The
next time you start Workstation Player, the virtual machine
resumes operation from the point at which it was
suspended.
Power off the virtual machine
The virtual machines is powered off when you close it. The
next time you start Workstation Player, the virtual machine
is in a powered off state.
Leave the virtual machine running
The virtual machine remains running in the background
when you close it. The next time you start
Workstation Player, the virtual machine is in a powered on
state.
Confirm before closing a virtual machine
Workstation Player prompts you for confirmation when
you close a virtual machine.
Return to the VM Library after closing a virtual machine
Workstation Player returns the virtual machines to the
library after you close it. You can open another virtual
machine or edit virtual machine settings.
VMware, Inc.
25
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Configuring Virtual Printers on Windows Hosts
On Windows hosts, you can configure Workstation Player to support virtual printing on all printers
configured on the host.
Virtual printing is disabled by default on Windows hosts. To enable or disable virtual printing on a
Windows host system, select Player > File > Preferences > Devices. Select the Enable virtual printers
checkbox to enable virtual printers. VMware Tools must be installed on the virtual machine to enable
printing. You must have administrator privileges to enable or disable virtual printers.
The Workstation Player printer feature uses ThinPrint technology to replicate the host system printer
mapping in the virtual machine. When you enable the virtual machine printer, Workstation Player
configures a virtual serial port to communicate with the host printers.
See “Add a Host Printer to a Virtual Machine,” on page 68
Configuring Software Updates Settings
Software updates settings control when Workstation Player downloads software updates to the host system
and whether it uses a proxy server to connect to the VMware Update Server.
To configure software updates settings, select Player > File > Preferences.
Table 4‑2. Software Update Preference Settings
Setting
Description
Check for product updates on startup
Check for new versions of the application and installed components
when you start Workstation Player. This setting is selected by
default.
Check for new software components as needed
Check for a new version of a component when a component, such as
VMware Tools, is required. When this setting is selected,
Workstation Player verifies if a new version is available to download
and install.
Download All Components Now
Manually download all of the available software components to the
host system. Click this button if you are planning to use a virtual
machine at a later time when you do not have access to the Internet.
Connection Settings
Click this button to configure a proxy server to connect to the
VMware Update Server.
Configuring Connection Settings for a Proxy Server
You can configure connection settings to use a proxy server to connect to the VMware Update Server.
To configure proxy connection settings, select Player > File > Preferences and click Connection Settings.
Table 4‑3. Connection Settings
26
Setting
Description
No proxy
Do not use a proxy server.
Windows proxy settings
(Windows hosts only) Workstation Player uses the host proxy settings from the
Connections tab in the Internet Options control panel to access the VMware Update
Server.
Click Internet Options to set the guest connection options.
System proxy settings
(Linux hosts only) Workstation Player uses the host proxy settings to access the
VMware Update Server.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 4 Changing Workstation Player Preference Settings
Table 4‑3. Connection Settings (Continued)
Setting
Description
Manual proxy settings
Select an HTTP or SOCKS proxy, specify the proxy server address, and designate a
port number to access the VMware Update Server.
Username and Password
The username and password to use for proxy server authentication. On Linux hosts,
if either the Username or Password text box is blank, Workstation Player uses the
username and password set in the gnome settings.
You must restart Workstation Player for proxy setting changes to take effect.
Understanding the Automatic Software Update Process
When you enable automatic software updates, you are always aware of the latest releases from VMware.
By keeping your software up-to-date, you can take advantage of new product features and performance
improvements, ensure that your system includes the latest patches, and obtain timely support for new guest
operating systems. You can enable the automatic software update feature when you install
Workstation Player or by configuring Workstation Player preference settings. You can disable the feature at
any time.
To determine if software updates are available, the VMware software updates feature securely sends the
following anonymous information to VMware.
n
A universal unique identifier (UUID), which it uses to identify each individual system
n
The product name, the product version, and the build number
n
Your host operating system name, version, and the locale setting
The VMware software updates feature does not collect any personal data, such as your name, address,
telephone number, or mail address. Your product license key and MAC address are not sent to VMware,
and VMware does not store your IP address with the data that it receives from you.
VMware might use the information it receives from the software update feature for product planning
purposes. VMware limits access to your data and uses industry-standard controls to protect your
information, including physical access controls, Internet firewalls, intrusion detection, and network
monitoring.
The information collected by the VMware software updates feature is handled in accordance with VMware
Privacy Policy.
Sending System Data and Usage Statistics to VMware
The User experience improvement program setting controls whether you participate in the VMware User
Experience Improvement Program.
To participate in or opt out of the program, select or deselect the Help improve VMware Player check box.
When you participate in the program, Workstation Player sends anonymous system data and usage
statistics to VMware. Workstation Player creates log files for the collected data and stores the data on the
host computer.
VMware, Inc.
27
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Table 4‑4. User Experience Improvement Program Log Files
Filename
Host
Operating
System
Log File Location
Description
playerUploadedData
.log
Windows
Server 2008
R2, Windows
7, Windows 8,
Windows 10
\Users\ user \AppData\Local\VMware
The most recent data uploaded
to the VMware server.
playerUploadedData
.log
Linux
~/.vmware
The most recent data uploaded
to the VMware server.
Note The data collection process does not affect the performance of your computer.
Participating in the User Experience Improvement Program
When you participate in the VMware User Experience Improvement Program, your computer sends
anonymous information to VMware. Participation in the program is voluntary and you can opt out at any
time.
Types of Data Collected
The data collected by the VMware User Experience Improvement Program might include product data,
product usage information, product performance information, and system configuration information.
Product data typically includes information such as the product name, version, build number, and
configuration settings. This information helps VMware compare data from identical installations and
determine popular configurations.
Product usage information might include menu items selected, toolbar buttons pressed, virtual machines
run, and virtual machine configuration settings. This information helps VMware identify usage patterns,
such as the most popular features, how many virtual machines users create, how many virtual machines are
run concurrently, which operating systems are the most popular, and what virtual machine settings are
typically selected.
Product performance data might include errors that occur and measurements, such as virtual machine
suspend and resume times, uptime, or application startup time.
System configuration information might include the operating system that your computer is currently
running, how many processors are in your computer and the processor models, how much memory is
installed, how many network connections are available, the video cards and video drivers that are installed,
and screen resolutions for display devices. This information helps VMware identify the system
configurations that best match customer environments during testing and to plan future development based
on hardware industry trends and the adoption of new technologies.
Not all of the available information is collected from every system every time data is sent to VMware. Some
information is included only from select installations and certain information, such as error messages, is
collected only when it is generated.
VMware uses a universal unique identifier (UUID) to identify information from different machines.
When the Data Is Transmitted to VMware
Data is typically collected on your system and transmitted to VMware when you start Workstation Player. If
your computer does not have access to the Internet, the information is collected and sent to VMware the
next time you start Workstation Player. Data might also be sent to VMware at other times, such as during a
check for software updates. Data is encrypted and transmitted over a secure SSL connection so that it cannot
be read by other Internet users.
28
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 4 Changing Workstation Player Preference Settings
Workstation Player stores all of the information that it sends to VMware on your system in clear text. The
files are located in the same directory as your log files and are named productnameUploadedData.log.
Privacy Protection
VMware does not collect any personal data, such as your name, address, telephone number, or mail address.
Your product license key and MAC address are not sent to VMware, and VMware does not store your IP
address with the data that it receives from you.
VMware limits access to your data and uses industry-standard controls to protect your information,
including physical access controls, Internet firewalls, intrusion detection, and network monitoring. The
information collected by the VMware User Experience Improvement Program is handled in accordance with
VMware Privacy Policy.
Note The User Improvement Program is not Spyware. Spyware collects information or acts on your
computer without your full knowledge or consent.
Opting Out of the Program
You can join or end participation in the VMware User Experience Improvement Program at any time by
changing Workstation Player preference settings.
See “Sending System Data and Usage Statistics to VMware,” on page 27 for more information.
VMware, Inc.
29
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
30
VMware, Inc.
Creating Virtual Machines in
Workstation Player
5
You use the New Virtual Machine wizard to create virtual machines. The New Virtual Machine wizard
guides you through the steps for setting up a new virtual machine, helping you set options and parameters.
To start the New Virtual Machine wizard, select Player > File > New Virtual Machine, or click Create a New
Virtual Machine on the welcome page.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Understanding Virtual Machines,” on page 31
n
“Preparing to Create a Virtual Machine,” on page 31
n
“Create a Virtual Machine,” on page 35
n
“Use Easy Install to Install a Guest Operating System,” on page 36
n
“Install a Guest Operating System Manually,” on page 37
n
“Importing Virtual Machines,” on page 38
Understanding Virtual Machines
A virtual machine is a software computer that, like a physical machine, runs an operating system and
applications. A virtual machine uses the physical resources of the physical machine on which it runs, which
is called the host system. Virtual machines have virtual devices that provide the same functionality as
physical hardware, but with the additional benefits of portability, manageability, and security.
A virtual machine has an operating system and virtual resources that you manage in much the same way
that you manage a physical computer. For example, you install an operating system in a virtual machine in
the same way that you install an operating system on a physical computer. You must have a CD-ROM, DVD,
or ISO image that contains the installation files from an operating system vendor.
Preparing to Create a Virtual Machine
When you create a virtual machine, you specify or accept defaults for a few basic virtual machine settings.
n
How you want to install the guest operating system.
n
A name for the virtual machine and a location for the virtual machine files.
n
The size of the virtual disk and whether to split the disk into multiple virtual disk files.
n
Whether to customize hardware settings, including memory allocation, number of virtual processors,
and network connection type.
VMware, Inc.
31
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Selecting a Guest Operating System
The New Virtual Machine prompts you to select the source media for the operating system that will run
inside the virtual machine. You can specify an installer disc inserted in a physical drive, an ISO image file, or
you can instruct the New Virtual Machine wizard to create a virtual machine that has a blank hard disk.
If you select an installer disc or an ISO image file and the operating system supports Easy Install, the guest
operating system installation is automated and VMware Tools is installed. If the installer disc or ISO image
file contains a product key number and is already set up to perform an unattended installation, the only
benefit of using Easy Install is the automatic installation of VMware Tools.
If you instruct the New Virtual Machine wizard to create a virtual machine that has a blank hard disk, the
wizard prompts you to specify an operating system and version and you must install the guest operating
system manually after the virtual machine is created. Workstation Player uses this information to set the
appropriate default values, name files associated with the virtual machine, adjust performance settings, and
work around special behaviors and bugs in the guest operating system. If the operating system you plan to
install is not listed in the wizard, select Other for both the operating system and version.
If you are installing an operating system that supports Easy Install but you do not want to use Easy Install,
you can instruct the wizard to create a virtual machine that has a blank disk and install the guest operating
system manually.
Supported Guest Operating Systems
A guest operating system can be Windows, Linux, and other commonly used operating systems.
To see a list of the supported guest operating systems, search the online VMware Compatibility Guide on
the VMware Web site.
Workstation Player is not listed, but the information for Workstation Pro is applicable to Workstation Player.
Operating systems that are not listed are not supported for use in a virtual machine.
See the VMware Guest Operating System Installation Guide for information on installing the most common
guest operating systems.
Providing Easy Install Information
When the New Virtual Wizard detects an operating system that supports Easy Install, the wizard prompts
you for information about the guest operating system. After the virtual machine is created, the guest
operating system installation is automated and VMware Tools is installed.
For Windows guest operating systems, you must provide the following Easy Install information.
Table 5‑1. Easy Install Information for Windows Guests
32
Easy Install Prompt
Description
Windows product key
(Optional) Type a product key unless the installation media contains a volume
license product key. If you provide a product key here, you are not prompted to
provide a product key when you install the guest operating system.
Version of Windows to install
Select the Windows operating system edition to install.
Full name
The name to use to register the guest operating system. Do not use the name
Administrator or Guest. If you use one of these names, you must enter a
different name when you install the guest operating system.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 5 Creating Virtual Machines in Workstation Player
Table 5‑1. Easy Install Information for Windows Guests (Continued)
Easy Install Prompt
Description
Password
(Optional) The password to use for an account with Administrator permissions
on Windows operating systems other than Windows 2000. On Windows 2000,
this is the password for the Administrator account. On Windows XP Home, an
Administrator account without a password is created and you are automatically
logged in to the guest operating system.
Log on automatically (requires a
password)
(Optional) Save your login credentials and bypass the login dialog box when you
power on the virtual machine. You must enter a name and password to use this
feature.
For Linux guest operating systems, you must provide the following Easy Install information.
Table 5‑2. Easy Install Information for Linux Guests
Prompt
Description
Full name
The name to use to register the guest operating system, if registration is
required. Workstation Player uses the first name to create the host name for the
virtual machine.
User name
Your user name. You can use lowercase letters, numbers, and dashes, but avoid
using user names that begin with a dash. Do not use the name root. Some
operating systems set up sudo access for this user and other operating systems
require this user to use su to obtain root privileges.
Password
The password for the User name and the root user.
See “Use Easy Install to Install a Guest Operating System,” on page 36.
Specifying the Virtual Machine Name and File Location
The New Virtual Machine wizard prompts you for a virtual machine name and a directory for the virtual
machine files.
The name of the default directory for virtual machine files is derived from the name of the guest operating
system, for example, Microsoft Windows 7 (32-bit).
For standard virtual machines, the default directory for virtual machine files is located in the virtual
machine directory. For best performance, do not place the virtual machines directory on a network drive. If
other users need to access the virtual machine, consider placing the virtual machine files in a location that is
accessible to those users.
For shared virtual machines, the default directory for virtual machine files is located in the shared virtual
machines directory. Shared virtual machine files must reside in the shared virtual machines directory.
Virtual Machines Directory
Workstation Player stores standard virtual machines in the virtual machines directory.
The default location of the virtual machines directory depends on the host operating system.
VMware, Inc.
33
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Table 5‑3. Default Virtual Machines Directory
Host Operating System
Default Location
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2012 R2
C:\Documents and Settings\username\My
Documents\My Virtual Machines
username is the name of the currently logged-in user.
Windows 7
Windows 8
Windows 10
C:\Users\ username \Documents\Virtual Machines
username is the name of the currently logged in user.
Linux
homedir/vmware
homedir is the home directory of the currently logged in
logged in user.
Specifying Disk Capacity for a Virtual Machine
If you instruct the New Virtual Machine wizard to create a new virtual disk during a custom configuration,
the wizard prompts you to set the size of the virtual disk and specify whether to split the disk into multiple
virtual disk (.vmdk) files.
A virtual disk is made up of one or more virtual disk files. Virtual disk files store the contents of the virtual
machine hard disk drive. Almost all of the file content is virtual machine data. A small portion of the file is
allotted to virtual machine overhead. If the virtual machine is connected directly to a physical disk, the
virtual disk file stores information about the partitions that the virtual machine is allowed to access.
You can set a size between 0.001 GB and 8 TB for a virtual disk file. You can also select whether to store a
virtual disk as a single file or split it into multiple files.
Select Split virtual disk into multiple files if the virtual disk is stored on a file system that has a file size
limitation. When you split a virtual disk less than 950 GB, a series of 2-GB virtual disk files are created.
When you split a virtual disk greater than 950 GB, two virtual disk files are created. The maximum size of
the first virtual disk file is 1.9 TB and the second virtual disk file stores the rest of the data.
Disk space is not preallocated for the disk. The actual files that the virtual disk uses start small and expand
to their maximum size as needed. The main advantage of this approach is the smaller file size. Smaller files
require less disk space and are easier to move to a new location.
After you create a virtual machine, you can edit virtual disk settings and add additional virtual disks.
Disk Size Compatibility
The size of a virtual disk is limited to 8 TBs. However, your hardware version, bus type, and controller type
also impact the size of your virtual disks.
Workstation Hardware Version
Bus Type
Controller Type
Maximum Disk Size
10, 11, 12
IDE
ATAPI
8192 GB (8TB)
10, 11, 12
SCSI
BusLogic
2040 GB (2TB)
10, 11, 12
SCSI
LSI Logic
8192 GB (8TB)
10, 11, 12
SCSI
LSI Logic SAS
8192 GB (8TB)
10, 11, 12
SATA
AHCI
8192 GB (8TB)
9, 8, 7, 6.5
All
All
2040 GB (2TB)
6.0, 5
All
All
950 GB
To discover your controller type, open the virtual machine .vmx file. The value of the setting
scsi0.virtualDev determines your controller type.
34
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 5 Creating Virtual Machines in Workstation Player
Value
Controller Type
Blank or not present
BusLogic
lsilogic
LSI Logic
lsisas1068
LSI Logic SAS
Customizing Virtual Machine Hardware
You can click Customize Hardware on the last page of the New Virtual Machine wizard to customize the
virtual machine hardware.
You can change the default hardware settings, including memory allocation, number of virtual CPUs,
CD/DVD and floppy drive settings, and the network connection type.
Worksheet for Creating a Typical Virtual Machine
You can print this worksheet and write the values to specify when you create a typical virtual machine.
Table 5‑4. Worksheet: Typical Virtual Machine
Option
Write Your Value Here
Guest operating system source
Guest operating system type for manual installation
Easy Install information for Windows guests
n Product key
n Operating system version
n Full name
n Password
n Credentials for automatic login
Easy Install information for Linux guests
n Full name
n User name
n Password
Virtual machine name
Virtual machine location
Disk capacity
Create a Virtual Machine
You create a virtual machine in Workstation Player by running the New Virtual Machine wizard.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that you have the information the New Virtual Machine wizard requires to create a virtual
machine. See “Preparing to Create a Virtual Machine,” on page 31.
n
Verify that the guest operating system you plan to install is supported. See the online VMware
Compatibility Guide, which is available on the VMware Web site.
n
See the VMware Guest Operating System Installation Guide for information about the guest operating
system you plan to install.
n
If you are installing the guest operating system from an installer disc, insert the installer disc in the CDROM drive in the host system.
VMware, Inc.
35
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
n
If you are installing the guest operating system from an ISO image file, verify that the ISO image file is
in a directory that is accessible to the host system.
Procedure
1
Select Player > File > New Virtual Machine.
2
Select the source of the guest operating system.
3
Option
Description
Use a physical disc
Select the physical drive where you inserted the installation disc.
Use an ISO image
Type or browse to the location of the ISO image file.
Install the guest operating system
later
Create a virtual machine that has a blank disk. You must install the guest
operating system manually after the virtual machine is created.
Specify information about the guest operating system.
Option
Description
You are using Easy Install
Type the Easy Install information for the guest operating system.
You are not using Easy Install
Select the guest operating system type and version. If the guest operating
system is not listed, select Other.
4
Type a virtual machine name and type or browse to the directory for the virtual machine files.
5
Select the virtual disk size and specify whether the disk should be split into multiple files.
6
(Optional) Click Customize Hardware to change the default hardware settings.
You can also modify virtual hardware settings after you create the virtual machine.
7
(Optional) Select Power on this virtual machine after creation to power on the virtual machine after it
is created.
This option is not available if you are installing the guest operating system manually.
8
Click Finish to create the virtual machine.
If you are using Easy Install, guest operating system installation begins when the virtual machine powers
on. The guest operating system installation is automated and typically runs without requiring any input
from you. After the guest operating system is installed, Easy Install installs VMware Tools.
If you are not using Easy Install, the virtual machine appears in the library.
What to do next
If you used Easy Install and the virtual machine did not power on when the installation finished, power on
the virtual machine to start the guest operating system installation. See “Use Easy Install to Install a Guest
Operating System,” on page 36.
If you did not use Easy Install, install the guest operating system manually. See “Install a Guest Operating
System Manually,” on page 37.
Use Easy Install to Install a Guest Operating System
When you use Easy Install, you usually do not need to provide information during guest operating system
installation.
If you did not provide all of the Easy Install information in the New Virtual Machine wizard, you might be
prompted for a product key, username, or password.
Also, if the guest operating system installation consists of multiple discs or ISO image files, the installer
might prompt you for the next disk.
36
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 5 Creating Virtual Machines in Workstation Player
Procedure
n
If the installer prompts you for a product key, username, or password, click in the virtual machine
window and type the required information.
Mouse and keyboard input are captured by the virtual machine.
n
If you are using physical discs and the installer prompts you for the next disk, use the CD-ROM or DVD
drive on the host system.
n
If you are using multiple ISO image files and the installer prompts you for the next disk, select the next
ISO image file.
Option
Description
Windows host
Click Change Disk and browse to the next ISO image file.
Linux host
a
b
c
Select Virtual Machine > Removable Devices > CD/DVD > Settings
and browse to the next ISO image file.
Select Connected.
Click Save.
Install a Guest Operating System Manually
Installing a guest operating system in a virtual machine is similar to installing an operating system on a
physical computer. If you do not use Easy Install when you create a virtual machine in the New Virtual
Machine wizard, you must install the guest operating system manually.
You can install a guest operating system from an installer disc or ISO image file. You can also use a PXE
server to install the guest operating system over a network connection. If the host configuration does not
permit the virtual machine to boot from an installer disc, you can create an ISO image file from the installer
disc.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the operating system is supported. See the online VMware Compatibility Guide on the
VMware Web site.
n
See the VMware Guest Operating System Installation Guide for information on the guest operating system
that you are installing.
Procedure
1
2
VMware, Inc.
If you are installing the guest operating system from an installer disc, configure the virtual machine to
use a physical CD-ROM or DVD drive and configure the drive to connect at power on.
a
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
b
On the Hardware tab, select CD/DVD drive.
c
Select Connect at power on.
d
Select Use physical drive and select a the drive.
e
Click OK to save your changes.
If you are installing the guest operating system from an ISO image file, configure the CD/DVD drive in
the virtual machine to point to the ISO image file and configure the drive to connect at power on.
a
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
b
On the Hardware tab, select CD/DVD drive.
c
Select Connect at power on.
37
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
d
Select Use ISO image file and browse to the location of the ISO image file.
e
Click OK to save your changes.
3
If you are installing the guest operating system from an installer disc, insert the disc in the CD-ROM or
DVD drive.
4
Power on the virtual machine.
5
Follow the installation instructions provided by the operating system vendor.
6
If the operating system consists of multiple installer discs and you are prompted to insert the next disc,
insert the next disc in the physical drive.
7
If the operating system consists of multiple ISO image files, select the image file for the next CD.
8
a
Select Player > Removable Devices > CD/DVD > Disconnect and disconnect from the current ISO
image file..
b
Select Player > Removable Devices > CD/DVD > Settings and select the next ISO image file.
c
Select Connected and click OK.
Use the standard tools in the operating system to configure its settings.
What to do next
Install VMware Tools. You should install VMware Tools before you activate the license for the operating
system. See “Installing VMware Tools,” on page 41.
Importing Virtual Machines
You can import virtual machines in other formats into Workstation Player.
Import a Windows XP Mode Virtual Machine
You can import a Windows XP Mode virtual machine and run it in Workstation Player. When you import a
Windows XP Mode virtual machine, Workstation Player creates a new virtual machine in VMware runtime
(.vmx) format.
You can power on only one Windows XP Mode virtual machine at a time in Workstation Player. If you move
a Windows XP Mode virtual machine to another host system, it becomes a new virtual machine and you
must activate it.
Note Changes made to the original Windows XP Mode virtual machine through Virtual PC do not affect
the virtual machine imported in Workstation Player.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise, or Ultimate edition operating system is running on
the host system. Importing Windows XP Mode virtual machines is not supported on Linux host
systems or on host systems that are running other versions of Windows.
n
Download and install the Windows XP Mode virtual machine on the host system.
Procedure
1
Select Player > File > Import Windows XP Mode VM, or select File > Open and browse to the virtual
machine configuration (.vmc) file.
If you have never virtualized a physical machine or imported a third-party virtual machine in
Workstation Player, you need to download and install VMware vCenter Converter Standalone. After
the VMware vCenter Converter Standalone installation is finished, you must restart the import.
38
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 5 Creating Virtual Machines in Workstation Player
2
Type a name for the new virtual machine, type or browse to the directory for the virtual machine files,
and click Import.
Workstation Player begins importing the Windows XP Mode virtual machine.
After Workstation Player successfully imports the Windows XP Mode virtual machine, a new virtual
machine appears in the virtual machine library.
Import an Open Virtualization Format Virtual Machine
You can import an Open Virtualization Format (OVF) virtual machine and run it in Workstation Player.
Workstation Player converts the virtual machine from OVF format to VMware runtime (.vmx) format. You
can import both .ovf and .ova files.
OVF is a platform-independent, efficient, extensible, and open packaging and distribution format for virtual
machines. For example, you can import OVF virtual machines exported from VMware Fusion™ or Oracle
VM VirtualBox into Workstation Player. You can import OVF 1.0 and later files only.
You can also use the standalone OVF Tool to convert an OVF virtual machine to VMware runtime format.
The standalone version of the OVF Tool is installed in the Workstation Player installation directory under
OVFTool. See the OVF Tool User Guide on the VMware Web site for information on using the OVF Tool.
Procedure
1
In Workstation Player, select Player > File > Open.
2
Browse to the .ovf or .ova file and click Open.
3
Type a name for the virtual machine, type or browse to the directory for the virtual machine files, and
click Import.
Workstation Player performs OVF specification conformance and virtual hardware compliance checks.
A status bar indicates the progress of the import process.
4
If the import fails, click Retry to try again, or click Cancel to cancel the import.
If you retry the import, Workstation Player relaxes the OVF specification conformance and virtual
hardware compliance checks and you might not be able to use the virtual machine in
Workstation Player.
After Workstation Player successfully imports the OVF virtual machine, the virtual machine appears in the
virtual machine library.
Import a Windows Virtual PC Virtual Machine
You can import a Windows Virtual PC virtual machine and run it in Workstation Player. Workstation Player
converts the virtual machine from Virtual PC (.vmc) format to VMware runtime (.vmx) format. This feature is
supported only on Windows host systems.
Prerequisites
Download and install the Virtual PC virtual machine on the Windows host system.
Procedure
1
Select Player > File > Open.
If you have never virtualized a physical machine or imported a third-party virtual machine in
Workstation Player, you need to download and install VMware vCenter Converter Standalone. After
the VMware vCenter Converter Standalone installation is finished, you must restart the import.
2
VMware, Inc.
Browse to the .vmc file and click Open.
39
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
3
Type a name for the virtual machine, type or browse to the directory for the virtual machine files, and
click Import.
After Workstation Player successfully imports the Virtual PC virtual machine, the virtual machine appears
in the virtual machine library.
40
VMware, Inc.
Installing and Upgrading VMware
Tools
6
Installing VMware Tools is part of the process of creating a new virtual machine. Upgrading VMware Tools
is part of the process of keeping virtual machines up to current standards.
For the best performance and latest updates, install or upgrade VMware Tools to match the version of
Workstation Player that you are using. Other compatibility options are also available.
For more information about using VMware Tools, see Installing and Configuring VMware Tools at
http://www.vmware.com/pdf/vmware-tools-installation-configuration.pdf .
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Installing VMware Tools,” on page 41
n
“Upgrading VMware Tools,” on page 42
n
“Configure Software Update Preferences,” on page 43
n
“Configure VMware Tools Updates for a Specific Virtual Machine,” on page 44
n
“Manually Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools,” on page 44
n
“Start the VMware User Process Manually If You Do Not Use a Session Manager,” on page 50
n
“Uninstalling VMware Tools,” on page 50
Installing VMware Tools
Although your guest operating systems can run without VMware Tools, many VMware features are not
available until you install VMware Tools. When you install VMware Tools, the utilities in the tools suite
enhances the performance of your virtual machine’s guest operating system and improves the management
of your virtual machines.
Installing VMware Tools is part of the process of creating new virtual machines, and upgrading VMware
Tools is part of the process of keeping your virtual machine up to current standards. For information about
creating virtual machines, see the Virtual Machine Administration Guide.
The installers for VMware Tools are ISO image files. An ISO image file looks like a CD-ROM to your guest
operating system. Each type of guest operating system, including Windows, Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD, and
NetWare, has an ISO image file. When you select the command to install or upgrade VMware Tools, the
virtual machine’s first virtual CD-ROM disk drive temporarily connects to the VMware Tools ISO file for
your guest operating system.
You can use the Windows Easy Install or Linux Easy Install feature to install VMware Tools as soon as the
operating system is finished installing.
VMware, Inc.
41
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
The most recent versions of the ISO files are stored on a VMware Web site. When you select the command to
install or upgrade VMware Tools, the VMware product determines whether it has downloaded the most
recent version of the ISO file for the specific operating system. If the latest version has not been downloaded
or if no VMware Tools ISO file for that operating system has ever been downloaded, you are prompted to
download the file.
n
For information about installing or upgrading VMware Tools in Windows virtual machines, see
“Manually Install or Upgrade VMware Tools in a Windows Virtual Machine,” on page 44 and
Automate VMware Tools Installation for Multiple Windows Virtual Machines.
n
For information about installing or upgrading VMware Tools in Linux virtual machines, see “Manually
Install or Upgrade VMware Tools in a Linux Virtual Machine,” on page 45.
n
For information about installing or upgrading VMware Tools in Solaris virtual machines, see “Manually
Install or Upgrade VMware Tools in a Solaris Virtual Machine,” on page 48.
n
For information about installing or upgrading VMware Tools in NetWare virtual machines, see
“Manually Install or Upgrade VMware Tools in a NetWare Virtual Machine,” on page 47.
n
For information about installing or upgrading VMware Tools in FreeBSD virtual machines, see
“Manually Install or Upgrade VMware Tools in a FreeBSD Virtual Machine,” on page 49.
Upgrading VMware Tools
You can upgrade VMware Tools manually, or you can configure virtual machines to check for and install
newer versions of VMware Tools.
The guest operating system checks the version of VMware Tools when you power on a virtual machine. The
status bar of your virtual machine displays a message when a new version is available.
In Windows virtual machines, you can set VMware Tools to notify you when an upgrade is available. If this
notification option is enabled, the VMware Tools icon in the Windows taskbar includes a yellow caution icon
when a VMware Tools upgrade is available.
To install a VMware Tools upgrade, you can use the same procedure that you used for installing VMware
Tools the first time. Upgrading VMware Tools means installing a new version.
For Windows and Linux guest operating systems, you can configure the virtual machine to automatically
upgrade VMware Tools. Although the version check is performed when you power on the virtual machine,
on Windows guest operating systems, the automatic upgrade occurs when you power off or restart the
virtual machine. The status bar displays the message Installing VMware Tools ... when an upgrade is in
progress.
Important After you upgrade VMware Tools on Linux guest operating systems, new network modules
are available but are not used until you either restart the guest operating system or stop networking, unload
and reload the VMware networking kernel modules, and restart networking. This behavior means that even
if VMware Tools is set to automatically upgrade, you must restart or reload network modules to make new
features available.
This strategy avoids network interruptions and allows you to install VMware Tools over SSH.
Upgrading VMware Tools on Windows guest operation systems automatically installs the WDDM graphics
drivers. The WDDM graphics driver makes the sleep mode available in guest OS power settings to adjust
the sleep options. For example, you can use the sleep mode setting Change when the computer sleeps to
configure your guest OS to automatically go to sleep mode after a certain time or prevent your guest OS
from automatically switching to sleep mode after being idle for some time.
42
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools
Some features in a particular release of a VMware product might depend on installing or upgrading to the
version of VMware Tools included in that release. Upgrading to the latest version of VMware Tools is not
always necessary. Newer versions of VMware Tools are compatible with several host versions. To avoid
unnecessary upgrades, evaluate whether the added features and capabilities are necessary for your
environment.
Configure Software Update Preferences
You can configure Workstation Player to automatically download software updates, including new versions
of VMware Tools. When you select automatic software updates, Workstation Player always includes the
latest support for guest operating systems and virtual machines always have the latest version of VMware
Tools.
Procedure
1
Select Player > File > Preferences.
2
Select when Workstation Player checks for software updates.
You can select one, both, or neither option. If you deselect all of the software update options, automatic
software updates are disabled.
3
4
VMware, Inc.
Option
Description
Check for product updates on
startup
Checks for new versions of Workstation Player available to download and
install when you start Workstation Player. This option is enabled by
default. If you do not select this option, your system does not get the latest
product updates.
Check for software components as
needed
When a software component is required, for example, when you install
VMware Tools, Workstation Player checks for a new version of the
component.
Download All Components Now
Immediately download all of the available software components to the
host system. This option is useful if you are planning to use the virtual
machine at a later time when you do not have access to the Internet.
If you use a proxy server to connect to the VMware Update Server, click Connection Settings to
configure the proxy settings.
Option
Description
No proxy
Select this option if you do not use a proxy server. This is the default
setting.
Windows proxy settings
Workstation Player uses the host proxy settings from the Connections tab
in the Internet Options control panel to access the VMware Update Server.
a Click Internet Options to set the guest connection options.
b Type a user name and password to use for proxy server authentication.
If you leave either the Username or the Password text box blank,
Workstation Player does not use either value.
Manual proxy settings
a
Select HTTP or SOCKS, specify the proxy server address and designate
a port number to access the VMware Update Sever.
b Type a username and password to use for proxy authentication.
If you leave either the Username or the Password text box blank,
Workstation Player does not use either value (Windows hosts) or it uses
the username and password set in the gnome settings (Linux hosts).
Click OK to save your changes.
43
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Configure VMware Tools Updates for a Specific Virtual Machine
You can configure virtual machines that have Windows or Linux guest operating systems to update
VMware Tools automatically. For other guest operating systems, you must manually update VMware Tools.
Automatic VMware Tools updates are supported for versions of VMware Tools included in Workstation 5.5
and later virtual machines only. Automatic updates are not supported for versions of VMware Tools
included in virtual machines created with VMware Server 1.x.
Important If you update VMware Tools in a Windows virtual machine that was created with Workstation
4 or 5.x, some new components are not installed. To install the new components, you must uninstall the old
version of VMware Tools and install the new version of VMware Tools.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select VMware Tools.
3
Select a VMware Tools update setting.
4
Option
Description
Update manually (do nothing)
You must update VMware Tools manually. The virtual machine status bar
indicates when a new version of VMware Tools is available.
Update automatically
VMware Tools is updated automatically. The virtual machine status bar
indicates when an update is in progress. If you are logged in to a Windows
guest, a restart prompt appears after the update is complete. If you are not
logged in, the operating system restarts without prompting. An autoupdate check is performed as part of the boot sequence when you power
on the virtual machine. If the virtual machine was suspended and you
resume it or restore it to a snapshot during the boot sequence before this
check, the automatic update occurs as planned. If you resume the virtual
machine or restore it to a snapshot after the check, the automatic update
does not occur.
Use application default (currently
update manually)
Use the default VMware Tools update behavior. The default behavior is set
in Workstation Player preferences.
Click OK to save your changes.
Manually Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools
You can manually install or upgrade VMware Tools on Windows, Linux, NetWare, Solaris, and FreeBSD
virtual machines.
If you are installing VMware Tools in a number of Windows virtual machines, you can automate its
installation by using the VMware Tools setup.exe at a command prompt in the guest operating system. See
Installing and Configuring VMware Tools at
http://www.vmware.com/pdf/vmware-tools-installation-configuration.pdf for more information.
Manually Install or Upgrade VMware Tools in a Windows Virtual Machine
All supported Windows guest operating systems support VMware Tools.
Before you upgrade VMware Tools, consider the environment that the virtual machine runs in and weigh
the benefits of different upgrade strategies. For example, you can install the latest version of VMware Tools
to enhance the performance of the virtual machine's guest operating system and improve virtual machine
management, or you can continue using the existing version to provide more flexibility and avoid downtime
in your environment.
44
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools
Prerequisites
n
Power on the virtual machine.
n
Verify that the guest operating system is running.
n
If you connected the virtual machine’s virtual CD/DVD drive to an ISO image file when you installed
the operating system, change the setting so that the virtual CD/DVD drive is configured to autodetect a
physical drive.
The autodetect setting enables the virtual machine's first virtual CD/DVD drive to detect and connect to
the VMware Tools ISO file for a VMware Tools installation. This ISO file looks like a physical CD to
your guest operating system. Use the virtual machine settings editor to set the CD/DVD drive to
autodetect a physical drive.
n
Log in as an administrator unless you are using an older Windows operating system. Any user can
install VMware Tools in a Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows ME guest operating system. For
operating systems newer than these, you must log in as an administrator.
Procedure
1
On the host, from the Workstation Player menu bar, select Player > Manage > Install VMware Tools.
If an earlier version of VMware Tools is installed, the menu item is Update VMware Tools.
2
If you are installing VMware Tools for the first time, click OK on the Install VMware Tools information
page.
If autorun is enabled for the CD-ROM drive in the guest operating system, the VMware Tools
installation wizard starts.
3
If autorun is not enabled, to manually launch the wizard, click Start > Run and enter D:\setup.exe,
where D: is your first virtual CD-ROM drive. Use D:\setup64.exe for 64-bit Windows guest operating
system.
4
Follow the on-screen instructions.
5
If the New Hardware wizard appears, follow the prompts and accept the defaults.
6
If you are installing a beta or RC version of VMware Tools and you see a warning that a package or
driver is not signed, click Install Anyway to complete the installation.
7
When prompted, reboot the virtual machine.
What to do next
If a new virtual hardware version is available for the virtual machine, upgrade the virtual hardware.
Manually Install or Upgrade VMware Tools in a Linux Virtual Machine
For Linux virtual machines, you manually install or upgrade VMware Tools by using the command line.
Prerequisites
n
Power on the virtual machine.
n
Verify that the guest operating system is running.
n
Because the VMware Tools installer is written in Perl, verify that Perl is installed in the guest operating
system.
VMware, Inc.
45
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Procedure
1
On the host, from the Workstation Player menu bar, select Player > Manage > Install VMware Tools.
If an earlier version of VMware Tools is installed, the menu item is Update VMware Tools.
2
In the virtual machine, log in to the guest operating system as root and open a terminal window.
3
Run the mount command with no arguments to determine whether your Linux distribution
automatically mounted the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image.
If the CD-ROM device is mounted, the CD-ROM device and its mount point are listed as something like
this:
/dev/cdrom on /mnt/cdrom type iso9660 (ro,nosuid,nodev)
4
If the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image is not mounted, mount the CD-ROM drive.
a
If a mount point directory does not already exist, create it.
mkdir /mnt/cdrom
Some Linux distributions use different mount point names. For example, on some distributions the
mount point is /media/VMware Tools rather than /mnt/cdrom. Modify the command to reflect the
conventions that your distribution uses.
b
Mount the CD-ROM drive.
mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
Some Linux distributions use different device names or organize the /dev directory differently. If
your CD-ROM drive is not /dev/cdrom or if the mount point for a CD-ROM is not /mnt/cdrom,
modify the command to reflect the conventions that your distribution uses.
5
Change to a working directory, for example, /tmp.
cd /tmp
6
Delete any previous vmware-tools-distrib directory before you install VMware Tools.
The location of this directory depends on where you placed it during the previous installation. Often
this directory is placed in /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib.
7
List the contents of the mount point directory and note the filename of the VMware Tools tar installer.
ls mount-point
8
Uncompress the installer.
tar zxpf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-x.x.x-yyyy.tar.gz
The value x.x.x is the product version number, and yyyy is the build number of the product release.
If you attempt to install a tar installation over an RPM installation, or the reverse, the installer detects
the previous installation and must convert the installer database format before continuing.
9
If necessary, unmount the CD-ROM image.
umount /dev/cdrom
If your Linux distribution automatically mounted the CD-ROM, you do not need to unmount the
image.
10
Run the installer and configure VMware Tools.
cd vmware-tools-distrib
./vmware-install.pl
Usually, the vmware-config-tools.pl configuration file runs after the installer file finishes running.
46
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools
11
Follow the prompts to accept the default values, if appropriate for your configuration.
12
Follow the instructions at the end of the script.
Depending on the features you use, these instructions can include restarting the X session, restarting
networking, logging in again, and starting the VMware User process. You can alternatively reboot the
guest operating system to accomplish all these tasks.
What to do next
If a new virtual hardware version is available for the virtual machine, upgrade the virtual hardware.
Manually Install or Upgrade VMware Tools in a NetWare Virtual Machine
For NetWare virtual machines, you manually install or upgrade VMware Tools by using the command line.
Before you upgrade VMware Tools, consider the environment that the virtual machine runs in and weigh
the benefits of different upgrade strategies. For example, you can install the latest version of VMware Tools
to enhance the performance of the virtual machine's guest operating system and improve virtual machine
management, or you can continue using the existing version to provide more flexibility and avoid downtime
in your environment.
Prerequisites
n
Power on the virtual machine.
n
Verify that the guest operating system is running.
n
Because the VMware Tools installer is written in Perl, verify that Perl is installed in the guest operating
system.
Procedure
1
On the host, from the Workstation Player menu bar, select Player > Manage > Install VMware Tools.
If an earlier version of VMware Tools is installed, the menu item is Update VMware Tools.
2
Load the CD-ROM driver so that the virtual CD-ROM device mounts the ISO image as a volume.
Operating System
Command
NetWare 6.5
LOAD CDDVD
NetWare 6.0 or NetWare 5.1
LOAD CD9660.NSS
NetWare 4.2 (not available in
vSphere)
load cdrom
When the installation finishes, the message VMware Tools for NetWare are now running appears in the
Logger Screen for NetWare 6.5 and NetWare 6.0 guest operating systems and in the Console Screen for
NetWare 4.2 and 5.1 operating systems.
3
If the VMware Tools virtual disc (netware.iso) is attached to the virtual machine, right-click the CDROM icon in the status bar of the console window and select Disconnect to disconnect it.
What to do next
If a new virtual hardware version is available for the virtual machine, upgrade the virtual hardware.
VMware, Inc.
47
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Manually Install or Upgrade VMware Tools in a Solaris Virtual Machine
For Solaris virtual machines, you manually install or upgrade VMware Tools by using the command line.
Before you upgrade VMware Tools, consider the environment that the virtual machine runs in and weigh
the benefits of different upgrade strategies. For example, you can install the latest version of VMware Tools
to enhance the performance of the virtual machine's guest operating system and improve virtual machine
management, or you can continue using the existing version to provide more flexibility and avoid downtime
in your environment.
Prerequisites
n
Power on the virtual machine.
n
Verify that the guest operating system is running.
n
Because the VMware Tools installer is written in Perl, verify that Perl is installed in the guest operating
system.
Procedure
1
On the host, from the Workstation Player menu bar, select Player > Manage > Install VMware Tools.
If an earlier version of VMware Tools is installed, the menu item is Update VMware Tools.
2
In the virtual machine, log in to the guest operating system as root and open a terminal window.
3
If the Solaris volume manager does not mount the CD-ROM under /cdrom/vmwaretools, restart the
volume manager.
/etc/init.d/volmgt stop
/etc/init.d/volmgt start
4
Change to a working directory, for example, /tmp.
cd /tmp
5
Extract VMware Tools.
gunzip -c /cdrom/vmwaretools/vmware-solaris-tools.tar.gz | tar xf -
6
Run the installer and configure VMware Tools.
cd vmware-tools-distrib
./vmware-install.pl
Usually, the vmware-config-tools.pl configuration file runs after the installer file finishes running.
7
Follow the prompts to accept the default values, if appropriate for your configuration.
8
Follow the instructions at the end of the script.
Depending on the features you use, these instructions can include restarting the X session, restarting
networking, logging in again, and starting the VMware User process. You can alternatively reboot the
guest operating system to accomplish all these tasks.
What to do next
If a new virtual hardware version is available for the virtual machine, upgrade the virtual hardware.
48
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools
Manually Install or Upgrade VMware Tools in a FreeBSD Virtual Machine
For FreeBSD virtual machines, you manually install or upgrade VMware Tools by using the command line.
Before you upgrade VMware Tools, consider the environment that the virtual machine runs in and weigh
the benefits of different upgrade strategies. For example, you can install the latest version of VMware Tools
to enhance the performance of the virtual machine's guest operating system and improve virtual machine
management, or you can continue using the existing version to provide more flexibility and avoid downtime
in your environment.
Prerequisites
n
Power on the virtual machine.
n
Verify that the guest operating system is running.
n
Because the VMware Tools installer is written in Perl, verify that Perl is installed in the guest operating
system.
Procedure
1
On the host, from the Workstation Player menu bar, select Player > Manage > Install VMware Tools.
If an earlier version of VMware Tools is installed, the menu item is Update VMware Tools.
2
In the virtual machine, log in to the guest operating system as root and open a terminal window.
3
If the distribution does not automatically mount CD-ROMs, mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM
image.
For example, type mount /cdrom.
4
Change to a working directory, for example, /tmp.
cd /tmp
5
Untar the VMware Tools tar file.
tar zxpf /cdrom/vmware-freebsd-tools.tar.gz
6
If the distribution does not use automounting, unmount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image.
umount /cdrom
7
Run the installer and configure VMware Tools.
cd vmware-tools-distrib
./vmware-install.pl
Usually, the vmware-config-tools.pl configuration file runs after the installer file finishes running.
8
Follow the prompts to accept the default values, if appropriate for your configuration.
9
Follow the instructions at the end of the script.
Depending on the features you use, these instructions can include restarting the X session, restarting
networking, logging in again, and starting the VMware User process. You can alternatively reboot the
guest operating system to accomplish all these tasks.
What to do next
If a new virtual hardware version is available for the virtual machine, upgrade the virtual hardware.
VMware, Inc.
49
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Start the VMware User Process Manually If You Do Not Use a Session
Manager
VMware Tools in Linux, Solaris, and FreeBSD guest operating systems uses the VMware User process
executable file. This program implements the fit-guest-to-window feature and Unity mode, among other
features.
Normally, this process starts after you configure VMware Tools, log out of the desktop environment, and log
back in. The vmware-user program is located in the directory in which you selected to install binary
programs, which defaults to /usr/bin. The startup script that you need to modify depends on your system.
You must start the process manually in the following environments:
n
If you run an X session without a session manager. For example, if you use startx to start a desktop
session and do not use xdm, kdm, or gdm.
n
If you are using an older version of GNOME without gdm or xdm.
n
If you are using a session manager or environment that does not support the Desktop Application
Autostart Specification, available from http://standards.freedesktop.org.
n
If you upgrade VMware Tools.
Procedure
u
Start the VMware User process.
Option
Action
Start the VMware User process
when you start an X session.
Add vmware-user to the appropriate X startup script, such as
the .xsession or .xinitrc file.
Start the process after a VMware
Tools software upgrade, or if certain
features are not working.
Open a terminal window and type the vmware-user command.
Uninstalling VMware Tools
If the upgrade process of VMware Tools is incomplete, you can uninstall and then reinstall the VMware
Tools.
Prerequisites
n
Power on the virtual machine.
n
Log in to the guest operating system.
Procedure
u
50
Select a method to uninstall VMware Tools.
Operating System
Action
Windows 7, 8, 8.1, or Windows 10
In the guest operating system, select Programs > Uninstall a program.
Windows Vista and Windows Server
2008
In the guest operating system, select Programs and Features > Uninstall a
program.
Windows XP and earlier
In the guest operating system, select Add/Remove Programs.
Linux
Log in as root and enter vmware-uninstall-tools.pl in a terminal
window.
Mac OS X Server
Use the Uninstall VMware Tools application, found
in /Library/Application Support/VMware Tools.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools
What to do next
Reinstall VMware Tools.
VMware, Inc.
51
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
52
VMware, Inc.
Starting and Stopping Virtual
Machines in Workstation Player
7
You can use Workstation Player to start and stop virtual machines on the host system.
When you start a virtual machine, the guest operating system starts and you can interact with the virtual
machine. You can power off, reset, and suspend virtual machines.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Start a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player,” on page 53
n
“Start an Encrypted Virtual Machine in Workstation Player,” on page 54
n
“Download a Virtual Appliance in Workstation Player,” on page 54
n
“Power Off a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player,” on page 54
n
“Remove a Virtual Machine from the Library in Workstation Player,” on page 55
n
“Use Ctrl+Alt+Delete to Shut Down a Guest,” on page 55
n
“Suspend and Resume a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player,” on page 55
n
“Reset a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player,” on page 56
n
“Enable Autologon in a Windows Virtual Machine,” on page 56
n
“Set Workstation Player Preferences for Virtual Machine Closing Behavior,” on page 57
Start a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player
You can start a virtual machine from the Workstation Player window.
Prerequisites
Verify that the virtual machine files are accessible to the host system.
Procedure
1
If the virtual machine does not appear in the library, select Player > File > Open.
2
Browse to and select the virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file, and click Open.
The virtual machine appears in the library.
3
Select the virtual machine in the library and select Player > Power > Power On.
4
Click anywhere inside the virtual machine console to give the virtual machine control of the mouse and
keyboard on the host system.
5
Log in to the guest operating system.
VMware, Inc.
53
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Start an Encrypted Virtual Machine in Workstation Player
An encrypted virtual machine is a virtual machine that has been secured from unauthorized use. A lock icon
appears next to an encrypted virtual machine in the virtual machine library.
For information about using Workstation Player to open a Horizon FLEX virtual machine, see the VMware
Horizon FLEX Client User Guide.
Note You cannot create encrypted virtual machines in Workstation Player. You can create encrypted
virtual machines by using only VMware Workstation 7.x or VMware Fusion 7.x and later.
Prerequisites
Obtain the encryption password for the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine in the library and select Player > Power > Power On.
2
Type the encryption password.
3
Click Continue to start the virtual machine.
Download a Virtual Appliance in Workstation Player
You can download a virtual appliance in Workstation Player. A virtual appliance is a prebuilt,
preconfigured, and ready-to-run software application that is packaged with the operating system in a
virtual machine.
Procedure
u
Select Player > File > Download a Virtual Appliance.
A Web browser opens to the Virtual Appliance Marketplace page on the VMware Web site. You can browse
to and download virtual appliances from this page.
Power Off a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player
As with physical computers, you should shut down a guest operating system before you power off a virtual
machine.
Procedure
n
To shut down the guest operating system, shut down the operating system as you would if you were
using a physical machine.
When the guest operating system shuts down, the virtual machine is powered off and
Workstation Player exits.
n
To power off a virtual machine without shutting down the guest operating system, select Player >
Power > Power Off.
If soft power operations are configured for the virtual machine when the virtual machine is first created,
Power Off Guest appears in the menu instead of Power Off.
54
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 7 Starting and Stopping Virtual Machines in Workstation Player
Remove a Virtual Machine from the Library in Workstation Player
When you open a virtual machine in Workstation Player, it is added to the virtual machine library. You can
remove a virtual machine that you are not using from the library.
Removing a virtual machine from the library does not delete the virtual machine or any of its files from the
host file system. The virtual machine is removed only from the library. If you open the virtual machine
again, the virtual machine is added back to the library.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
u
Select the virtual machine, right-click, and select Remove VM from the Library.
The virtual machine is removed from the library without any confirmation.
Use Ctrl+Alt+Delete to Shut Down a Guest
You can use the Ctrl+Alt+Delete key sequence to shut down or log off of a guest operating system.
Prerequisites
Power on the virtual machine.
Procedure
n
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Send Ctrl+Alt+Delete.
This option is the same as pressing Ctrl+Alt+Delete on your keyboard. On Windows hosts, using the
physical keyboard to press Ctrl+Alt+Delete might send the command to the host operating system and
the virtual machine, even when Workstation Player has control of input.
n
If the command is received by both the host operating system and the virtual machine, press Ctrl+Alt
+Ins on the keyboard.
The command is received solely by the virtual machine and shuts down or logs out of the guest
operating system.
Suspend and Resume a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player
Suspending a virtual machine saves its current state. When you resume the virtual machine, applications
that were running before the virtual machine was suspended resume in their running state and their content
is unchanged.
How quickly the suspend and resume operations perform depends on how much data changed after you
started the virtual machine. The first suspend typically takes longer than subsequent suspend operations.
Procedure
n
To suspend a virtual machine, select Player > Power > Suspend and click Yes to confirm.
If soft power operations are configured for the virtual machine when the virtual machine is first created,
Suspend Guest appears in the menu instead of Suspend.
Workstation Player returns the virtual machine to the library in the Suspended state.
n
VMware, Inc.
To resume a suspended virtual machine, select the virtual machine and select Player > Power > Power
On.
55
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
n
To set the Workstation Player preferences to suspend the virtual machine when you close the virtual
machine window, select Player > File > Preferences and then select Suspend the virtual machine.
Reset a Virtual Machine in Workstation Player
You can reset a virtual machine in Workstation Player. Resetting a virtual machine causes it to abruptly
power off and restart.
Prerequisites
n
Power on the virtual machine.
n
Verify that the virtual machine is in a safe state. Resetting a virtual machine can damage data. When
possible, shut down the virtual machine with its operating system.
Procedure
u
Select Player > Power > Reset.
If soft power operations are configured for the virtual machine in Workstation Player, Reset Guest
appears in the menu instead of Reset.
Enable Autologon in a Windows Virtual Machine
With Autologon, you can save your login credentials and bypass the login dialog box when you power on a
Windows virtual machine. The guest operating system securely stores the password.
Use the Autologon feature if you restart the guest operating system frequently and want to avoid entering
your login credentials. You can also use the Autologon feature to grant users access to the guest operating
system without sharing your password.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the guest operating system is Windows 2000 or later.
n
Verify that you have an existing user account to enable Autologon. The account must be a local machine
account, not a domain account.
n
Verify that the latest version of VMware Tools is running in the guest operating system.
n
Power on the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select Autologon.
3
Click Enable, type your login credentials, and click OK.
If you type an incorrect or expired password, you must type your login credentials when you power on
the virtual machine.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
When you enable Autologon or change your login credentials, the Autologon settings are saved
immediately. Clicking Cancel in the Virtual Machine Settings dialog box does not affect the changes
applied to the Autologon settings.
56
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 7 Starting and Stopping Virtual Machines in Workstation Player
Set Workstation Player Preferences for Virtual Machine Closing
Behavior
You can configure how virtual machines behave when you close them.
Procedure
1
Select Player > File > Preferences.
2
Select how Workstation Player behaves when you close a virtual machine.
You can select one, both, or neither option.
3
4
VMware, Inc.
Option
Description
Confirm before closing a virtual
machine
Confirm whether you intend to exit Workstation Player or click Cancel to
continue using Workstation Player
Return to the VM Library after
closing a virtual machine
Workstation Player either suspends or powers off the virtual machine and
returns it to the virtual machine library. From the library, you can either
open another virtual machine or edit the virtual machine settings.
Select whether Workstation Player suspends or powers off a virtual machine when you close it.
Option
Description
Suspend the virtual machine
Workstation Player suspends the virtual machine. The next time you start
Workstation Player, the virtual machine resumes operation from the point
where it was suspended.
Power off the virtual machine
Workstation Player powers off the virtual machine. The next time you start
Workstation Player, the virtual machine starts from a powered-off state
and the guest operating system starts.
Click OK to save your changes.
57
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
58
VMware, Inc.
Changing the Virtual Machine Display
8
You can change the way Workstation Player displays virtual machines and virtual machine applications.
You can use full screen mode to make the virtual machine display fill the screen and use multiple monitors.
You can also use Unity mode to display applications directly on the host system desktop.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Configure Display Settings for a Virtual Machine,” on page 59
n
“Use Full Screen Mode in Workstation Player,” on page 60
n
“Use Unity Mode,” on page 61
n
“Use Multiple Monitors for One Virtual Machine in Workstation Player,” on page 63
Configure Display Settings for a Virtual Machine
You can specify monitor resolution settings, configure multiple monitors, and select accelerated graphics
capabilities for a virtual machine. You can use the multiple-monitor feature when the virtual machine is in
full screen mode.
For Windows guests, to use DirectX 9 accelerated graphics, the guest operating system must be Windows
XP or later. To use DirectX 10 accelerated graphics, the guest operating system must be Windows Vista or
later.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the latest version of VMware Tools is installed in the guest operating system.
n
Verify that the guest operating system in the virtual machine is Windows XP or higher, or Linux.
n
If you plan to use DirectX 9 or DirectX 10 accelerated graphics, prepare the host system. See “Prepare
the Host System to Use 3D Accelerated Graphics,” on page 82.
n
If you are using Windows 8.1 (Update 2) or Windows 10, Workstation Player detects the DPI on each
monitor and scales the virtual machine to match the DPI on the host.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Display.
3
(Optional) To run applications that use DirectX 9 or DirectX 10 accelerated graphics, select Accelerate
3D graphics.
VMware, Inc.
59
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
4
5
Specify whether host settings determine the number of monitors.
Option
Description
Use host setting for monitors
When you select this setting, the SVGA driver uses two monitors, a
maximum bounding box width of 3840, and a maximum bounding box
height of 1920. The virtual machine is configured to have a minimum of
two 1920x1200 monitors, in a side-by-side topology, in both normal and
rotated orientations. If the host system has more than two monitors, the
virtual machine uses the number of monitors on the host system instead. If
the host system's bounding box is wider or taller than the defaults, the
virtual machine uses the larger size. You should select this setting in most
cases.
Specify monitor settings
Set the number of monitors that the virtual machine will see, regardless of
the number of monitors on the host system. This setting is useful if you use
a multimonitor host system and you need to test in a virtual machine that
has only one monitor. It is also useful if you are developing a multimonitor
application in a virtual machine and the host system has only one monitor.
After you power on the virtual machine, the guest operating system sees
the number of monitors that you specified. Select a resolution from the list
or type a setting that has the format width x height, where width and height
are the number of pixels.
(Optional) Select the maximum amount of guest memory that can be used for graphics memory using
the drop down menu. The default value of video memory varies by guest OS.
Guest OS
Default
Windows 7 and later
1 GB
Windows XP and earlier
512 MB
Linux
768 MB
Note If you manually edited the .vmx file to change the memory size for the virtual machine, the value
you entered in the .vmx file is displayed, labeled Custom.
6
To enable display scaling for the virtual machine, select the Automatically adjust user interface size in
the virtual machine check box.
7
Click OK to save your changes.
Use Full Screen Mode in Workstation Player
In full screen mode, the virtual machine display fills the screen, so that you cannot see the borders of the
Workstation Player window.
Prerequisites
n
Power on the virtual machine.
n
Verify that the guest operating system display mode is larger than the host system display mode. If the
guest operating system display mode is smaller than the host system display mode, you might not be
able to enter full screen mode. If you cannot enter full screen mode, add the line
mks.maxRefreshRate=1000 to the virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file.
n
Verify that the latest version of VMware Tools is installed in the guest operating system.
n
If you are running the virtual machine in full screen mode on a laptop, configure the guest operating
system to report battery information. See “Report Battery Information in the Guest,” on page 61.
Procedure
n
60
To enter full screen mode, select the virtual machine and select Player > Full Screen.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 8 Changing the Virtual Machine Display
n
To hide the full screen toolbar and menus while you are using full screen mode, click the push pin icon
and move the pointer off of the toolbar.
This action unpins the toolbar. The toolbar slides up to the top of the monitor and disappears. To
display the toolbar again, point to the top of the screen until the toolbar appears.
n
To exit full screen mode and return to windowed mode, select Player > Full Screen from the full screen
toolbar. The check mark next to Full Screen is removed.
Report Battery Information in the Guest
If you run a virtual machine on a laptop in full screen mode, configure the option to report battery
information in the guest so that you can determine when the battery is running low.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select Power.
3
Select Report battery information to guest.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
Use Unity Mode
You can switch virtual machines that have Windows XP or later guest operating systems to Unity mode to
display applications directly on the host system desktop.
In Unity mode, virtual machine applications appear on the host system desktop, you can use the virtual
machine Start or Applications menu from the host system, and the virtual machine console view is hidden.
Items for open virtual machine applications appear on the host system taskbar in the same way as open host
applications.
On host system and virtual machine applications that are displayed in Unity mode, you can use keyboard
shortcuts to copy, cut, and paste images, plain text, formatted text, and email attachments between
applications. You can also drag and drop and copy and paste files between the host system and the guest
operating system.
If you save a file or attempt to open a file from an application in Unity mode, the file system you see is the
file system inside the virtual machine. You cannot open a file from the host operating system or save a file to
the host operating system.
For some guest operating systems, application windows in Unity mode can appear only on the monitor that
is set as the primary display when you have multiple monitors. If the host and guest operating systems are
Windows XP or later, the application windows can appear on additional monitors.
Unity mode is not available in full screen mode on Windows.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the latest version of VMware Tools is installed in the guest operating system.
n
Verify that the guest operating system is Windows XP or later.
n
Power on the virtual machine.
n
If you are entering Unity mode, open applications in the virtual machine to use in Unity mode.
VMware, Inc.
61
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Procedure
n
To enter Unity mode, select Player > Unity.
The console view in the Workstation Player window is hidden, and open applications appear in
application windows on the host system desktop. A check mark appears next to Unity in the menu.
n
To display the virtual machine Start menu on a Windows host system, point to the Start menu on a
Windows host system.
n
To navigate between multiple Start or Applications menus when multiple virtual machines are in
Unity mode, press the arrow keys, Tab, or Shift+Tab to cycle through the virtual machine menus and
press Enter and the spacebar to select a virtual machine.
n
To exit Unity mode, display the Workstation Player window and click Exit Unity in the virtual machine
console view.
Set Preferences for Unity Mode
You can set preferences for Unity mode to control whether that the virtual machine Start or Applications
menu is available from the host system desktop. You can also select the border color that appears around
applications that run in Unity mode when they appear on the host system desktop.
When you use the virtual machine Start or Applications menu from the host system desktop, you can start
applications in the virtual machine that are not open in Unity mode. If you do not enable this feature, you
must exit Unity mode to display the virtual machine Start or Applications menu in the console view.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options, select Unity.
3
Select a Unity window decoration option.
Option
Description
Show borders
Set a window border that identifies the application as belonging to the
virtual machine rather than to the host computer.
Show badges
Display a logo in the title bar.
Use a custom color in window
borders
Use a custom color in window borders to help distinguish between the
application windows that belong to various virtual machines. For example,
you can set the applications for one virtual machine to have a blue border
and set the applications for another virtual machine to have a yellow
border. On Windows hosts, click Choose color to use the color chooser.
4
To control whether the virtual machine Start or Application menu available on the host system
desktop, select or deselect Enable applications menu.
5
Click OK to save your changes.
Create Virtual Machine Application Shortcuts on the Host in Unity Mode
You can create a shortcut for a virtual machine application on the host system in Unity mode.
You open the application in the same way that you open an application on the host system. You can open a
virtual machine application shortcut from the host system even when the virtual machine is powered off or
suspended.
Prerequisites
n
62
Verify that the virtual machine is configured to display the virtual machine Start or Application menu
on the host system desktop. See “Set Preferences for Unity Mode,” on page 62.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 8 Changing the Virtual Machine Display
n
Verify that the latest version of VMware Tools is running in the guest operating system.
n
Power on the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
To enter Unity mode, select Player > Unity.
The console view in the Workstation Player window is hidden, and open applications appear in
application windows on the host system desktop. A check mark appears next to Unity in the menu.
2
Point to the Start button to display the virtual machine Start menu on the host system desktop, click the
Start menu, and select the application.
3
Right-click the application and select Create Shortcut on Desktop, or drag the application to the host
system.
Use Multiple Monitors for One Virtual Machine in Workstation Player
If the host system has multiple monitors, you can configure a virtual machine to use multiple monitors. You
can use the multiple-monitor feature when the virtual machine is in full screen mode.
Prerequisites
n
Configure multiple monitors for one virtual machine. See “Configure Display Settings for a Virtual
Machine,” on page 59.
n
Verify that the latest version of VMware Tools is installed in the guest operating system.
n
Verify that the guest operating system is Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8,
Windows 8.1, Windows 10, or Linux.
n
On the host system, verify that the left-most monitor is not placed lower than any other monitor in the
display topology. When you enter full screen mode, the monitor that contains the window cannot be
lower than another monitor.
Procedure
1
Power on the virtual machine and click the maximize button.
2
On the full screen toolbar, click the Cycle multiple monitors button.
On a Windows host, you can mouse over a button on the toolbar to see its name.
If your virtual machine supports more than two monitors, use the Cycle multiple monitors button to
select a configuration with more than two monitors. The monitor in which the virtual machine entered
full screen mode is marked with an asterisk.
The guest operating system desktop extends to the additional monitor or monitors.
3
If the host system has more than two monitors and you want the virtual machine to use all of the
monitors, click the Cycle multiple monitors button again.
The order in which the monitors are used depends on the order in which the monitors were added to
the host operating system. If you continue to click the button, you return to fewer monitors.
Limitations for Mutiple Monitors
The use of more than two monitors with a virtual machine has certain limitations.
n
If you attempt to use more than two monitors with a virtual machine, your virtual machine must
support more than two monitors for this feature to function.
n
More than two monitors is supported on Windows and Linux host and guest operating systems.
VMware, Inc.
63
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
n
64
Windows XP guests support more than three monitors. However, only three monitors can be in use by a
Windows XP guest at one time. If more than three monitors are connected to a Windows XP guest, use
the Cycle multiple monitors button to cycle through the monitors to the configuration you want to use.
VMware, Inc.
Using Removable Devices and
Printers in Virtual Machines
9
You can connect and disconnect removable devices in a virtual machine. You can also print from a virtual
machine to any printer available to the host computer without having to install additional drivers in the
virtual machine.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Use a Removable Device in a Virtual Machine,” on page 65
n
“Connecting USB Devices to Virtual Machines,” on page 66
n
“Add a Host Printer to a Virtual Machine,” on page 68
n
“Using Smart Cards in Virtual Machines,” on page 68
Use a Removable Device in a Virtual Machine
You can connect and disconnect removable devices in a virtual machine. You can also change the settings for
a removable device by modifying virtual machine settings.
Prerequisites
n
Power on the virtual machine.
n
If you are connecting or disconnecting a USB device, familiarize yourself with the way
Workstation Player handles USB devices. See “Connecting USB Devices to Virtual Machines,” on
page 66.
Procedure
n
To connect a removable device, select the virtual machine, select Player > Removable Devices, select
the device, and select Connect.
If the device is connected to the host system through a USB hub, the virtual machine sees only the USB
device, not the hub.
A check mark appears next to the name of the device when the device is connected to the virtual
machine and a device icon appears on the virtual machine taskbar.
n
To change the settings for a removable device, select Player > Removable Devices, select the device,
and select Settings.
n
To disconnect a removable device, select the virtual machine, select Player > Removable Devices, select
the device, and select Disconnect.
You can also disconnect the device by clicking or right-clicking the device icon on the virtual machine
taskbar. Using the taskbar icon is especially useful if you run the virtual machine in full screen mode.
VMware, Inc.
65
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Connecting USB Devices to Virtual Machines
When a virtual machine is running, its window is the active window. If you plug a USB device into the host
system, the device connects to the virtual machine instead of the host by default. If a USB device connected
to the host system does not connect to a virtual machine at power on, you must manually connect the device
to the virtual machine.
When you connect a USB device to a virtual machine, Workstation Player retains the connection to the
affected port on the host system. You can suspend or power off the virtual machine, or unplug the device.
When you plug in the device again or resume the virtual machine, Workstation Player reconnects the device.
Workstation Player retains the connection by writing an autoconnect entry to the virtual machine
configuration (.vmx) file.
If Workstation Player cannot reconnect to the device, for example, because you disconnected the device, the
device is removed and Workstation Player displays a message to indicate that it cannot connect to the
device. You can connect to the device manually if it is still available.
Follow the device manufacturer's procedures for unplugging the device from the host computer when you
physically unplug the device, move the device from host system to a virtual machine, move the device
between virtual machines, or move the device from a virtual machine to the host computer. Following these
procedures is especially important for data storage devices, such as zip drives. If you move a data storage
device too soon after saving a file and the operating system did not actually write the data to the disk, you
can lose data.
Installing USB Drivers on Windows Hosts
When a particular USB device is connected to a virtual machine for the first time, the host detects it as a new
device named VMware USB Device and installs the appropriate VMware driver.
The Windows operating system prompts you to run the Microsoft Windows Found New Hardware wizard.
Select the default action to install the software automatically. After the software is installed, the guest
operating system detects the USB device and searches for a suitable driver.
Disable Automatic Connection of USB Devices
You can disable the autoconnect feature if you do not want USB devices to connect to a virtual machine
when you power it on.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select USB Controller.
3
Deselect Automatically connect new USB devices to disable automatic connection of USB devices.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
Connect USB HIDs to a Virtual Machine
To connect USB human interface devices (HIDs) to a virtual machine, you must configure the virtual
machine to show all USB input devices in the Removable Devices menu.
By default, USB HIDs, such as USB 1.1 and 2.0 mouse and keyboard devices, do not appear in the
Removable Devices menu in a virtual machine, even though they are plugged in to USB ports on the host
system.
66
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 9 Using Removable Devices and Printers in Virtual Machines
An HID that is connected to a virtual machine is not available to the host system.
Prerequisites
n
Power off the virtual machine.
n
If you are using a KVM switch for a mouse or keyboard, disable automatic connection of USB devices.
See “Disable Automatic Connection of USB Devices,” on page 66.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select USB Controller.
3
Select Show all USB input devices.
This option allows users to use special USB HIDs inside the virtual machine.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
5
Power on the virtual machine.
HIDs appear in the Removable Devices menu.
Install a PDA Driver and Synchronize With a Virtual Machine
To install a PDA driver in a virtual machine, you must synchronize the PDA with the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Connect the PDA to the host system and synchronize it with the host system.
The PDA driver should begin installing in the virtual machine.
2
Allow the virtual machine to install the PDA driver.
3
If connection warning messages appear, dismiss them.
4
If the PDA disconnects from the host system before the virtual machine can synchronize with it,
synchronize the PDA with the host system again.
The total time required to load the VMware USB device driver in the host system and install the PDA
driver in the virtual machine might exceed the device connection timeout value. A second
synchronization attempt usually succeeds.
Troubleshooting USB Device Control Sharing
Only the host system or the virtual machine can have control of a particular USB device at any one time.
Device control operates differently, depending on whether the host system is a Linux or a Windows
computer.
When you connect a device to a virtual machine, it is disconnected from the host system or from the virtual
machine that previously had control of the device. When you disconnect a device from a virtual machine, it
is returned to the host system.
Under some circumstances, if a USB storage device is in use on the host system, for example, one or more
files stored on the device are open on the host, an error appears in the virtual machine when you try to
connect to the device. You must let the host system complete its operation or close any application
connected to the device on the host system and connect to the device in the virtual machine again.
VMware, Inc.
67
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Add a Host Printer to a Virtual Machine
You can print from a virtual machine to any printer available to the host computer without having to install
additional drivers in the virtual machine.
The Workstation Player printer feature uses ThinPrint technology to replicate the host system printer
mapping in the virtual machine. When you enable the virtual machine printer, Workstation Player
configures a virtual serial port to communicate with the host printers.
Prerequisites
Support for virtual printers is disabled by default. To enable virtual printer support, see “Configuring
Virtual Printers on Windows Hosts,” on page 26
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Add.
3
In the Add Hardware wizard, select Printer and Finish.
The default device setting is to connect the virtual machine printer when the virtual machine is
powered on.
What to do next
In a Print window, when you attempt to select a printer in Windows 7 virtual machines, you might see only
the default printer, even though other printers are available. To see the other printers, right-click the default
printer and point to Printer properties.
Using Smart Cards in Virtual Machines
Virtual machines can connect to smart card readers that interface to serial ports, parallel ports, USB ports,
PCMCIA slots, and PCI slots. A virtual machine considers a smart card reader to be a type of USB device.
A smart card is a plastic card that has an embedded computer chip. Many government agencies and large
enterprises use smart cards to send secure communication, digitally sign documents, and authenticate users
who access their computer networks. Users plug a smart card reader into their computer and insert their
smart card in the reader. They are then prompted for their PIN to log in.
You can select a smart card reader from the Removable Devices menu in a virtual machine. A smart card
can be shared between virtual machines, or between the host system and one or more virtual machines.
Sharing is enabled by default.
When you plug a smart card reader into the host system, the reader appears as two separate USB devices in
Workstation Player. This is because you can use smart cards in one of two mutually exclusive modes.
Shared mode
68
(Recommended) The smart card reader device is available as Shared
smart_card_reader_model in the Removable Devices menu. In Windows XP
guest operating systems, the shared reader appears as USB Smart Card
Reader after it is connected to the virtual machine. In Windows Vista and
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 9 Using Removable Devices and Printers in Virtual Machines
Windows 7 guest operating systems, the generic smart card reader device
name appears under the Windows Device Manager list. The smart card
reader can be shared among applications on the host system and among
applications in different guest operating systems.
USB passthrough mode
The smart card reader device is available as smart_card_reader_model in the
Removable Devices menu. In USB passthrough mode, a single virtual
machine directly controls the physical smart card reader. A USB passthrough
smart card reader cannot be used by applications on the host system or by
applications in other virtual machines. You should use USB passthrough
mode only if connection in shared mode does not work well for your
scenario. You might need to install the driver provided by the manufacturer
to use USB passthrough mode.
You can use smart cards with Windows operating systems and most Linux distributions. VMware provides
full smart card support for Windows virtual machines running on Linux hosts. Using smart cards in Linux
typically requires third-party software to effectively authenticate to a domain or enable secure
communications.
Note Although smart cards should work with common Linux browsers, email applications, and directory
services, these products have not been tested or certified by VMware.
Use a Smart Card in a Virtual Machine
You can configure a virtual machine to use the smart card reader on the host system.
Prerequisites
n
On a Windows host, start the SCardSvr.exe service.
n
Verify that the virtual machine has a USB controller. A USB controller is required, regardless of whether
the smart card reader is a USB device. A USB controller is added by default when you create a virtual
machine.
n
Connect the smart card reader to the host system.
n
Start the virtual machine
Procedure
n
To connect the smart card reader to the virtual machine, select the virtual machine and select Player >
Removable Devices > Shared <smart_card_reader_model> > Connect.
If the smart card reader is a USB device, two items appear for it in the menu. Both items use the model
name of the reader, but one item name begins with Virtual.
n
To disconnect the smart card reader from the virtual machine, select Player > Removable Devices >
Shared <smart_card_reader_model> > Disconnect.
n
To remove the smart card from the virtual machine, select Player > Removable Devices > Shared
<smart_card_reader_model> > Remove Smart Card.
The smart card is removed from the virtual machine, but it remains connected on the host system. If the
smart card is physically removed from the smart card reader, this option is disabled.
n
To insert the smart card to the virtual machine, select Player > Removable Devices > Shared
<smart_card_reader_model> > Insert Smart Card.
If the smart card is physically inserted in the smart card reader, the smart card is also inserted in the
virtual machine.
VMware, Inc.
69
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Disable Smart Card Sharing
By default, you can share a smart card between virtual machines or between the host system and one or
more virtual machines. You might want to disable smart card sharing if you are using a PCMCIA smart card
reader, deploying virtual machines for enterprise use and do not want to support drivers for various smart
card readers, or the host system has drivers but the virtual machines do not.
The setting that controls smart card sharing is located in the Workstation Player global configuration file.
Procedure
1
2
Find the global configuration file on the host system.
Operating System
Location
Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows
Server 2012 R2, Windows 7,
Windows 8, Windows 10 hosts
C:\ProgramData\VMware\VMware Player\config.ini
If the global configuration file does not yet exist on the host system, select Player > File > Preferences
and change at least one Workstation Player preference settings.
Workstation Player creates the global configuration file when you change Workstation Player preference
settings.
3
Open the global configuration file in a text editor and set the usb.ccid.useSharedMode property to FALSE.
For example: usb.ccid.useSharedMode = "FALSE"
70
4
Save and close the global configuration file.
5
Set permissions on the global configuration file so that other users cannot change it.
VMware, Inc.
Setting Up Shared Folders for a
Virtual Machine
10
You can set up shared folders for a virtual machine. Shared folders provide an easy way to share files among
virtual machines and between virtual machines and the host system.
The directories that you add as shared folders can be located on the host system, or they can be located on
network directories that are accessible from the host system. Access to shared folders is governed by
permission settings on the host system. For example, if you are running Workstation Player as a user named
User, the virtual machine can read and write files in the shared folder only if User has permission to read
and write the files.
To use shared folders, the guest operating system must have the current version of VMware Tools and must
support shared folders.
Important Shared folders expose your files to programs in the virtual machine and might put your data at
risk. Only enable shared folders if you trust the virtual machine with your data.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Using Shared Folders,” on page 71
n
“Enable a Shared Folder for a Virtual Machine,” on page 73
n
“View Shared Folders in a Windows Guest,” on page 74
n
“Mounting Shared Folders in a Linux Guest,” on page 74
n
“Change Shared Folder Properties,” on page 75
n
“Change the Folders That a Virtual Machine Can Share,” on page 75
n
“Disable Folder Sharing for a Virtual Machine,” on page 76
n
“Mapping a Virtual Disk to the Host System,” on page 76
Using Shared Folders
You can use shared folders to share files among virtual machines and between virtual machines and the host
system. The directories that you add as shared folders can be on the host system, or they can be network
directories that are accessible from the host computer.
Important You cannot open a file in a shared folder from more than one application at a time. For
example, do not open the same file in an application on the host operating system and in another
application in the guest operating system. If one of the applications writes to the file, data might be
corrupted.
VMware, Inc.
71
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Guest Operating Systems That Support Shared Folders
To use shared folders, a virtual machine must have a supported guest operating system.
The following guest operating systems support shared folders.
n
Windows Server 2003 R2
n
Windows Server 2008 R2
n
Windows Server 2012 R2
n
Windows Vista
n
Windows 7
n
Windows 8
n
Windows 10
n
Linux with a kernel version of 2.6 or later
n
Solaris x86 10
n
Solaris x86 10 Update 1 and later
Using Permissions to Restrict Access to Shared Files in a Linux Guest
You can use permissions to restrict access to the files in a shared folder on a Linux guest operating system.
On a Linux host, if you create files that you want to share with a Linux guest operating system, the file
permissions shown on the guest operating system are the same as the permissions on the host system. You
can use the fmask and dmask commands to mask permissions bits for files and directories.
If you create files on a Windows host system that you want to share with a Linux guest operating system,
read-only files are displayed as having read and execute permission for everyone and other files are shown
as fully writable by everyone.
If you use a Linux guest operating system to create files for which you want to restrict permissions, use the
mount program with the following options in the guest operating system.
n
uid
n
gid
n
fmask
n
dmask
n
ro (read only)
n
rw (read-write)
rw is the default.
If you are using a virtual machine that was created with the Windows version of Workstation Player, or a
previous release of the Linux version of Workstation Player, you can change the owner permissions only.
72
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 10 Setting Up Shared Folders for a Virtual Machine
Enable a Shared Folder for a Virtual Machine
You can enable folder sharing for a specific virtual machine. To set up a folder for sharing between virtual
machines, you must configure each virtual machine to use the same directory on the host system or network
share.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the virtual machines use a guest operating system that supports shared folders. See “Guest
Operating Systems That Support Shared Folders,” on page 72.
n
Verify that the latest version of VMware Tools is installed in the guest operating system.
n
Verify that permission settings on the host system allow access to files in the shared folders. For
example, if you are running Workstation Player as a user named User, the virtual machine can read and
write files in the shared folder only if User has permission to read and write them.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select Shared Folders.
3
Select a folder sharing option.
4
Option
Description
Always enabled
Keep folder sharing enabled, even when the virtual machine is shut down,
suspended, or powered off.
Enabled until next power off or
suspend
Enable folder sharing temporarily, until you power off, suspend, or shut
down the virtual machine. If you restart the virtual machine, shared
folders remain enabled. This setting is available only when the virtual
machine is powered on.
(Optional) To map a drive to the Shared Folders directory, select Map as a network drive in Windows
guests.
This directory contains all of the shared folders that you enable. Workstation Player selects the drive
letter.
5
Click Add to add a shared folder.
On Windows hosts, the Add Shared Folder wizard starts.
6
Type the path on the host system to the directory to share.
If you specify a directory on a network share, such as D:\share, Workstation Player always attempts to
use that path. If the directory is later connected to the host on a different drive letter, Workstation Player
cannot locate the shared folder.
7
Specify the name of the shared folder as it should appear inside the virtual machine.
Characters that the guest operating system considers illegal in a share name appear differently when
viewed inside the guest. For example, if you use an asterisk in a share name, you see %002A instead of *
in the share name on the guest. Illegal characters are converted to their ASCII hexadecimal value.
VMware, Inc.
73
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
8
9
Select shared folder attributes.
Option
Description
Enable this share
Enable the shared folder. Deselect this option to disable a shared folder
without deleting it from the virtual machine configuration.
Read-only
Make the shared folder read-only. When this property is selected, the
virtual machine can view and copy files from the shared folder, but it
cannot add, change, or remove files. Access to files in the shared folder is
also governed by permission settings on the host computer.
Click Finish to add the shared folder.
The shared folder appears in the Folders list. The check box next to folder name indicates that the folder
is being shared. You can deselect this check box to disable sharing for the folder.
10
Click OK to save your changes.
What to do next
View the shared folder. On Linux guests, shared folders appear under /mnt/hgfs. On Solaris guests, shared
folders appear under /hgfs. To view shared folders on a Windows guest, see “View Shared Folders in a
Windows Guest,” on page 74.
View Shared Folders in a Windows Guest
In a Windows guest operating system, you can view shared folders by using desktop icons.
Note If the guest operating system has VMware Tools from Workstation 4.0, shared folders appear as
folders on a designated drive letter.
Procedure
n
Depending on the Windows operating system version, look for VMware Shared Folders in My
Network Places, Network Neighborhood, or Network.
n
If you mapped the shared folder as a network drive, open My Computer and look for Shared Folders
on 'vmware-host' under Network Drives.
n
To view a specific shared folder, go directly to the folder by using the UNC path \\vmware-
host\Shared Folders\shared_folder_name.
Mounting Shared Folders in a Linux Guest
After you have enabled a shared folder, you can mount one or more directories or subdirectories in the
shared folder to any location in the file system in addition to the default location of /mnt/hgfs.
Use the mount command to mount all shares, one share, or a subdirectory within a share to any location in
the file system.
Table 10‑1. Mount Command Syntax
Command
Description
mount -t vmhgfs .host:/ /home/user1/shares
Mounts all shares to /home/user1/shares
mount -t vmhgfs .host:/foo /tmp/foo
Mounts the share named foo to /tmp/foo
mount -t vmhgfs .host:/foo/bar /var/lib/bar
Mounts the subdirectory bar within the share
foo to /var/lib/bar
You can use VMware-specific options in addition to the standard mount syntax. For usage information for
the host-guest file system options, type the command /sbin/mount.vmhgfs -h.
74
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 10 Setting Up Shared Folders for a Virtual Machine
When you install VMware Tools, an entry is made to etc/fstab to specify the location of shared folders. You
can edit this file to change or add entries. For example, to auto-mount at startup, edit /etc/fstab and add
the line:
.host:/ /mnt/hgfs vmhgfs defaults 0 0
The VMware Tools services script loads a driver that performs the mount. If the mount fails, a message
appears regarding mounting HGFS shares.
Note The mount can fail if shared folders are disabled or if the share does not exist. You are not prompted
to run the VMware Tools vmware-config-tools.pl configuration program again.
Change Shared Folder Properties
After you create a shared folder, you can change the folder name, the host path, and other attributes.
Prerequisites
Create a shared folder. See “Enable a Shared Folder for a Virtual Machine,” on page 73.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select Shared Folders.
3
Select the shared folder in the folders list and click Properties.
4
To change the name of the shared folder as it appears inside the virtual machine, type the new name in
the Name text box.
Characters that the guest operating system considers illegal in a share name appear differently when
viewed inside the guest. For example, if you use an asterisk in a share name, you see %002A instead of *
in the share name on the guest. Illegal characters are converted to their ASCII hexadecimal value.
5
To change the host path for the shared folder, browse to or type the new path in the Host path text box.
If you specify a directory on a network share, such as D:\share, Workstation Player always attempts to
use that path. If the directory is later connected to the host on a different drive letter, Workstation Player
cannot locate the shared folder.
6
7
To change an attribute for the shared folder, select or deselect the attribute.
Option
Description
Enabled
Enable the shared folder. Deselect this option to disable a shared folder
without deleting it from the virtual machine configuration.
Read-only
Make the shared folder read-only. When this property is selected, the
virtual machine can view and copy files from the shared folder, but it
cannot add, change, or remove files. Access to files in the shared folder is
also governed by permission settings on the host computer.
Click OK to save your changes.
Change the Folders That a Virtual Machine Can Share
You can change the folders that a specific virtual machine is allowed to share.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select Shared Folders.
VMware, Inc.
75
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
3
In the folders list, select the check boxes next to the folders to share and deselect the check boxes next to
the folders to disable.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
Disable Folder Sharing for a Virtual Machine
You can disable folder sharing for a specific virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select Shared Folders.
3
Select Disabled to disable folder sharing.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
Mapping a Virtual Disk to the Host System
Instead of using shared folders or copying data between a virtual machine and the host system, you can
map a virtual disk to the host system. In this case, you map a virtual disk in the host file system as a separate
mapped drive. Using a mapped drive lets you connect to the virtual disk without going into a virtual
machine.
Map or Mount a Virtual Disk to a Drive on the Host System
When you map a virtual disk and its associated volume to a drive on the host system, you can connect to the
virtual disk without opening a virtual machine.
After you map the virtual disk to a drive on the host system, you cannot power on any virtual machine that
uses the disk until you disconnect the disk from the host system.
Important If you mount a virtual disk that has a snapshot and then write to the disk, you can irreparably
damage a snapshot or linked clone created from the virtual machine.
Prerequisites
n
Power off all virtual machines that use the virtual disk.
n
Verify that the virtual disk (.vmdk) files on the virtual disk are not compressed and do not have readonly permissions.
n
On a Windows host, verify that the volume is formatted with FAT (12/16/32) or NTFS. Only FAT
(12/16/32) and NTFS formatting is supported. If the virtual disk has mixed partitions, for example, one
partition is formatted with a Linux operating system and another partition is formatted with a
Windows operating system, you can map the Windows partition only.
n
Verify that the virtual disk is unencrypted. You cannot map or mount encrypted disks.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Hard Disk, click Utilities, and select Map.
3
On a Windows host, leave the check box Open file in read-only mode selected in the Map Virtual Disk
dialog box.
This setting prevents you from accidentally writing data to a virtual disk that might be the parent of a
snapshot or linked clone. Writing to such a disk might make the snapshot or linked clone unusable.
76
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 10 Setting Up Shared Folders for a Virtual Machine
4
Browse to a virtual disk (.vmdk) file, select it, and click Open.
5
Select the volume to map or mount and select an unused drive letter on the host system.
6
(Optional) On a Windows host, if you do not want the drive to open in Windows Explorer after it is
mapped, deselect the Open drive in Windows Explorer after mapping check box.
7
Click OK or Mount.
The drive appears on the host system. You can read from or write to files on the mapped virtual disk on
the host system.
Disconnect a Virtual Disk from the Host System
To use a virtual disk from a virtual machine after it has been mapped or mounted on the host system, you
must disconnect it from the host system.
On Windows hosts, you must use Workstation Player to disconnect the drive from the host system. The
mapped drive letter does not appear in the list of network drives when you use the Windows Disconnect
Network Drive command.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Hard Disk, click Utilities, and select Disconnect.
You can now power on any virtual machine that uses this disk.
VMware, Inc.
77
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
78
VMware, Inc.
Configuring and Managing Virtual
Machines
11
You can change virtual machine options, configure video and sound card settings, and move virtual
machines to another host system or to a different location on the same host system.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Change the Name of a Virtual Machine,” on page 79
n
“Change the Guest Operating System for a Virtual Machine,” on page 80
n
“Change the Working Directory for a Virtual Machine,” on page 80
n
“Change the Virtual Machine Directory for a Virtual Machine,” on page 80
n
“Change the Memory Allocation for a Virtual Machine,” on page 81
n
“Configuring Video and Sound,” on page 81
n
“Moving Virtual Machines,” on page 84
n
“Delete a Virtual Machine,” on page 87
n
“View the Message Log for a Virtual Machine,” on page 87
n
“Using the VIX API,” on page 87
n
“Install New Software in a Virtual Machine,” on page 88
Change the Name of a Virtual Machine
When you run a virtual machine, its name appears in the title bar. Workstation Player uses the original name
of the virtual machine to name the directory where the virtual machine files are stored.
Changing the name of a virtual machine does not change the name of the virtual machine directory or
rename the virtual machine files on the host system.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select General.
3
Type the new name.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
What to do next
When you restart the virtual machine the new name appears in the library.
VMware, Inc.
79
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Change the Guest Operating System for a Virtual Machine
If you upgrade the guest operating system that is installed in a virtual machine, or if you specify the wrong
operating system version when you create the virtual machine, you must change the guest operating system
type that is configured for the virtual machine.
When you change the operating system type, the virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file changes. The
guest operating system itself does not change. To upgrade the guest operating system, obtain the
appropriate software from the operating system vendor.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select General.
3
Select the new operating system and version.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
Change the Working Directory for a Virtual Machine
By default, the working directory and the virtual machine directory are the same. You might want to change
the working directory to improve performance. For example, to create a paging file on a fast disk that has a
lot of disk space but leave the virtual disk and configuration file on a different disk, you can change the
working directory so that it is located on the fast disk.
The working directory is where Workstation Player stores suspended state (.vmss), snapshot (.vmsn), virtual
machine paging (.vmem), and redo log files for a virtual machine.
Changing the working directory does not change the directory where the virtual machine configuration
(.vmx) file or the log files are stored.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select General.
3
Type or browse to the location of the new working directory.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
Change the Virtual Machine Directory for a Virtual Machine
The virtual machine directory is where Workstation Player stores virtual machine files, including the virtual
machine configuration (.vmx) file. By default, the virtual machine directory and the working directory are
the same.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
80
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 11 Configuring and Managing Virtual Machines
Procedure
1
In the host file system, rename the directory where the .vmx file is stored.
2
Select File > Open a Virtual Machine.
3
Browse to the new location of the .vmx file and click Open.
Change the Memory Allocation for a Virtual Machine
You can adjust the amount of memory that is allocated to a virtual machine.
On 64-bit hosts, the maximum amount of memory for each virtual machine is 32GB. On 32-bit hosts, the
maximum amount of memory for each virtual machine is 8GB. The total amount of memory that you can
assign to all virtual machines running on a single host system is limited only by the amount of RAM on the
host system.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Memory.
The Memory panel includes information to help you select the appropriate amount of memory for the
virtual machine. The high end of the range is determined by the amount of memory that is allocated to
all running virtual machines.
3
Align the slider with the corresponding icon to change the amount of memory.
The color-coded icons indicate the maximum recommended memory, the recommended memory, and
the guest operating system minimum memory amounts.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
5
Power on the virtual machine to implement the changes.
Configuring Video and Sound
For best color and graphics display, coordinate host and guest operating system color settings.
Workstation Player supports games and applications that use DirectX 9 and DirectX 10 accelerated graphics,
but you must perform some 3D preparation tasks on the host and guest operating systems.
Workstation Player usually installs the necessary drivers for sound support, but you must manually install a
driver on some of the oldest and newest guest operating systems.
n
Setting Screen Color Depth on page 82
The number of screen colors available in the guest operating system depends on the screen color
setting of the host operating system.
n
Using Accelerated 3D Graphics on page 82
You must perform certain preparation tasks on the host system and on virtual machines to use
accelerated 3D graphics.
n
Configuring Sound on page 83
Workstation Player provides a sound device compatible with the Sound Blaster AudioPCI and
supports sound in Windows and Linux guest operating systems. The Workstation Player sound device
is enabled by default.
VMware, Inc.
81
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Setting Screen Color Depth
The number of screen colors available in the guest operating system depends on the screen color setting of
the host operating system.
Virtual machines support the following screen colors.
n
16-color (VGA) mode
n
8-bit pseudocolor
n
16 bits per pixel (16 significant bits per pixel)
n
32 bits per pixel (24 significant bits per pixel)
If the host operating system is in 15-bit color mode, the guest operating system color setting controls offer
15-bit mode in place of 16-bit mode. If the host operating system is in 24-bit color mode, the guest operating
system color setting controls offer 24-bit mode in place of 32-bit mode.
If you run a guest operating system set for a greater number of colors than the host operating system, the
colors in the guest operating system might not be correct or the guest operating system might not be able to
use a graphical interface. If these problems occur, you can either increase the number of colors in the host
operating system or decrease the number of colors in the guest operating system.
To change color settings on the host operating system, power off all virtual machines and close
Workstation Player and then follow standard procedures for changing color settings.
How you change color settings in a guest operating system depends on the type of guest operating system.
In a Windows guest, the Display Properties control panel offers only those settings that are supported. In a
Linux or FreeBSD guest, you must change the color depth before you start the X server, or you must restart
the X server after making the changes.
For best performance, use the same number of colors in the host and guest operating systems.
Using Accelerated 3D Graphics
You must perform certain preparation tasks on the host system and on virtual machines to use accelerated
3D graphics.
Support for applications that use DirectX 9 accelerated graphics applies only to Windows XP, Windows
Vista, and Windows 7 guests on hosts running Windows 7 or later, or Linux. OpenGL applications run in
software emulation mode.
Support for applications that use DirectX 10 accelerated graphics applies only to Windows 10.
Prepare the Host System to Use 3D Accelerated Graphics
You must perform certain preparation tasks on the Windows or Linux host system to use 3D accelerated
graphics in a virtual machine.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the host has a video card that supports DirectX 9 or DirectX 10 and the latest DirectX
Runtime required for the DirectX version being used.
The VMware guest operating system OpenGL driver for Windows and Linux supports the OpenGL 3.3
core profile only. The OpenGL3.3 compatibility profile is not supported.
82
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 11 Configuring and Managing Virtual Machines
Procedure
1
Upgrade the video drivers on the host system to the latest versions.
ATI Graphics drivers are available from the AMD Web site. NVIDIA drivers are available from the
NVIDIA Web site.
2
Move the Hardware Acceleration slider to the Full position.
Option
Description
Windows 7, Windows 8, and
Windows 10
Right-click the desktop and select Personalize > Screen resolution >
Advanced Settings > Troubleshoot > Change settings.
Prepare a Virtual Machine to Use Accelerated 3D Graphics
You must perform certain preliminary tasks to use accelerated 3D graphics on a virtual machine.
The accelerated 3D graphics feature is enabled by default on Player 3.x and later virtual machines.
Prerequisites
n
Prepare the host system to use accelerated 3D graphics. See “Prepare the Host System to Use 3D
Accelerated Graphics,” on page 82.
n
If using DirectX 9, verify that the guest operating system is Windows XP or later. DirectX 9 is supported
on virtual machines running hardware version 11 or earlier.
n
If using DirectX 10, verify that the guest operating system is Windows 7 or later. DirectX 10 is
supported on virtual machines running hardware version 12 or later.
n
Verify that the latest version of VMware Tools is installed in the guest operating system.
n
Power off the virtual machine. The virtual machine must not be suspended.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Display.
3
Select Accelerate 3D graphics.
4
Configure the virtual machine to use only one monitor.
5
Click OK to save your changes.
6
Power on the virtual machine and install the required DirectX EndRuntime version.
This download is available from the Microsoft Download Center.
7
Install and run your 3D applications.
Configuring Sound
Workstation Player provides a sound device compatible with the Sound Blaster AudioPCI and supports
sound in Windows and Linux guest operating systems. The Workstation Player sound device is enabled by
default.
Sound support includes pulse code modulation (PCM) output and input. For example, you can play .wav
files, MP3 audio, and Real Media audio. MIDI output from Windows guests is supported through the
Windows software synthesizer. MIDI input is not supported, and no MIDI support is available for Linux
guests.
Windows and most recent Linux distributions detect the sound device and install appropriate drivers for it.
VMware, Inc.
83
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
A sound driver is installed when you install VMware Tools in a 64-bit Windows Vista or Windows 7 guest
operating system. For 32-bit Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 2003 Server, and Windows Server 2008
guests, you must use Windows Update to install a 32-bit driver.
Configure Sound Card Settings
The VMware virtual sound device is compatible with a Creative Technology Sound Blaster Audio API. The
sound device supports sound in Windows and Linux guest operating systems.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Sound Card.
3
Configure one or more sound card settings.
4
Option
Description
Connected
Connects or disconnects the sound device while the virtual machine is
running. You can also use the Devices menu and select the drive to
connect or disconnect.
Connect at power on
Automatically connects the sound device to the virtual machine when you
power on the virtual machine.
Use default host sound card
The virtual machine uses the default sound card in the host system.
Specify host sound card
Selects which sound card to use if you have more than one physical sound
card on the host system.
Enable echo cancellation
Enables echo cancellation for the sound card.
Click OK to save your changes.
Moving Virtual Machines
You can move a virtual machine that was created in Workstation Player to a different host system or to a
different location on the same host system and connect to a virtual machine by using a VNC client.
n
Move a Virtual Machine to a New Location or New Host on page 84
You can move a virtual machine that is created in Workstation Player to a different host system or to a
different location on the same host system. You can move a virtual machine to a host system that has a
different operating system.
n
Configure a Virtual Machine for Compatibility on page 86
When you create a virtual machine that you intend to distribute to other users, you should configure
the virtual machine for maximum compatibility with all expected host systems. Users might be limited
in their ability to make changes in a virtual machine so that it is compatible with their host systems.
n
Using the Virtual Machine UUID on page 86
Each virtual machine has a universal unique identifier (UUID). The UUID is generated when you
initially power on the virtual machine.
Move a Virtual Machine to a New Location or New Host
You can move a virtual machine that is created in Workstation Player to a different host system or to a
different location on the same host system. You can move a virtual machine to a host system that has a
different operating system.
Moving a virtual machine typically involves moving the files that make up the virtual machine. The
pathnames for all files associated with a Workstation Player virtual machine are relative to the virtual
machine directory.
84
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 11 Configuring and Managing Virtual Machines
When you move a virtual machine, Workstation Player generates a new MAC address for the virtual
network adapter. Workstation Player also generates a new MAC address when you rename a directory in
the path to the virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file.
Prerequisites
n
Familiarize yourself with how Workstation Player generates UUIDs for moved virtual machines. See
“Using the Virtual Machine UUID,” on page 86.
n
If you are moving the virtual machine to a different host system, familiarize yourself with the
limitations of moving a virtual machine to a new host. See “Limitations of Moving a Virtual Machine to
a Different Host,” on page 85.
n
If you configured the working directory to reside in a different location on the host system, move files
from the working directory into the virtual machine directory and change the working directory to this
location.
n
Verify that virtual machine devices and any associated files point to locations that you can access from
the new location.
n
Verify that all virtual machine files are stored in the virtual machine directory. Some files might reside
outside of the virtual machine directory.
Procedure
1
Shut down the guest operating system and power off the virtual machine.
2
Copy the virtual machine files to the new location.
3
Verify that you copied all of the virtual machine files to the new location.
4
Open the virtual machine in Workstation Player
5
Option
Description
If you moved the virtual machine to
a different location on the same
host system
Remove the virtual machine from the library, select File > Open a Virtual
Machine, and browse to the .vmx file in its new location.
If you moved the virtual machine to
a different host system
Start Workstation Player on the new host system, select File > Open a
Virtual Machine, and browse to the .vmx file.
When you are certain that the virtual machine in the new location works correctly, delete the virtual
machine files from the original location.
Limitations of Moving a Virtual Machine to a Different Host
You should be aware of certain limitations before you move a virtual machine to a different host system.
n
The guest operating system might not work correctly if you move a virtual machine to a host system
that has significantly different hardware, for example, if you move a virtual machine from a 64-bit host
to a 32-bit host or from a multiprocessor host to a uniprocessor host.
n
Player 3.x and later virtual machines support up to eight-way virtual symmetric multiprocessing (SMP)
on multiprocessor host systems. You can assign up to eight virtual processors to virtual machines
running on host systems that have at least two logical processors. If you attempt to assign two
processors to a virtual machine that is running on a uniprocessor host system, a warning message
appears. You can disregard this message and assign two processors to the virtual machine, but you
must move it to a host that has at least two logical processors before you can power it on.
n
You can move a virtual machine from a 32-bit host to a 64-bit host. You cannot move a virtual machine
from a 64-bit host to a 32-bit host unless the 32-bit host has a supported 64-bit processor.
VMware, Inc.
85
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Configure a Virtual Machine for Compatibility
When you create a virtual machine that you intend to distribute to other users, you should configure the
virtual machine for maximum compatibility with all expected host systems. Users might be limited in their
ability to make changes in a virtual machine so that it is compatible with their host systems.
Procedure
n
Install VMware Tools in the virtual machine.
VMware Tools significantly improves the user’s experience working with the virtual machine.
n
Determine which virtual devices are actually required, and do not include any that are not needed or
useful for the software you are distributing with the virtual machine.
Generic SCSI devices are typically not appropriate.
n
To connect a physical device to a virtual device, use the Auto detect options when you configure the
virtual machine.
The Auto detect options allow the virtual machine to adapt to the user’s system, and they work
whether the host operating system is Windows or Linux. Users who have no physical device receive a
warning message.
n
To connect a CD-ROM or floppy to an image file that you ship with the virtual machine, make sure the
image file is in the same directory as the virtual machine.
A relative path, rather than an absolute path, is used.
n
For both a physical CD-ROM and an image, provide two virtual CD-ROM devices in the virtual
machine.
n
Choose a reasonable amount of memory to allocate to the virtual machine.
For example, if the host system does not have enough physical memory to support the memory
allocation, the user cannot power on the virtual machine.
n
Choose a reasonable screen resolution for the guest.
A user is likely to find it easier to increase the resolution manually than to deal with a display that
exceeds the user’s physical screen size.
Using the Virtual Machine UUID
Each virtual machine has a universal unique identifier (UUID). The UUID is generated when you initially
power on the virtual machine.
You can use the UUID of a virtual machine for system management in the same way that you use the UUID
of a physical computer. The UUID is stored in the SMBIOS system information descriptor, and you can
access it by using standard SMBIOS scanning software, including SiSoftware Sandra or IBM smbios2.
If you do not move or copy the virtual machine to another location, the UUID remains constant. When you
power on a virtual machine that was moved or copied to a new location, you are prompted to specify
whether you moved or copied the virtual machine. If you indicate that you copied the virtual machine, the
virtual machine receives a new UUID.
Suspending and resuming a virtual machine does not trigger the process that generates a UUID. The UUID
in use at the time the virtual machine was suspended remains in use when the virtual machine is resumed,
even if it was copied or moved. You are not prompted to specify whether you moved or copied the virtual
machine until the next time you reboot the virtual machine.
86
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 11 Configuring and Managing Virtual Machines
Configure a Virtual Machine to Keep the Same UUID
You can configure a virtual machine to always keep the same UUID, even when it is moved or copied. When
a virtual machine is set to always keep the same UUID, you are not prompted when a virtual machine is
moved or copied.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Open the virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file in a text editor.
2
Add the uuid.action property and set it to keep.
For example: uuid.action = "keep"
Delete a Virtual Machine
You can delete a virtual machine and all of its files from the host file system.
Important Deleting a virtual machine is irreversible.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Right-click the virtual machine in the library and select Delete VM from Disk.
2
Click Yes to delete the virtual machine.
The virtual machine and all of its files are removed from the host file system.
View the Message Log for a Virtual Machine
You can view the message log to review information about a particular virtual machine. Messages include
warning information about the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Power on the virtual machine.
2
Select Player > Manage > Message Log.
3
Select a message in the message log to a see a detailed description of the message.
Using the VIX API
Application developers can use the VMware VIX API to write programs to automate virtual machine
operations.
The API is high level, easy to use, and practical for script writers and application programmers. With API
functions, you can register, power virtual machines on and off, and run programs in guest operating
systems. Additional language bindings are available for Perl, COM, and shell scripts such as vmrun.
See the VMware VIX API Release Notes.
VMware, Inc.
87
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Install New Software in a Virtual Machine
Installing new software in a virtual machine is similar to installing new software on a physical computer.
Only a few additional steps are required.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that VMware Tools is installed in the guest operating system. Installing VMware Tools before
installing the software minimizes the likelihood that you will have to reactivate the software if the
virtual machine configuration changes.
n
Verify that the virtual machine has access to the CD-ROM drive, ISO image file, or floppy drive where
the installation software is located.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Memory, set the final memory size for the virtual machine, and click OK.
Some applications use a product activation feature that creates a key based on the virtual hardware in
the virtual machine where it is installed. Changes in the configuration of the virtual machine might
require you to reactivate the software. Setting the memory size minimizes the number of significant
changes.
3
Install the new software according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Disable Acceleration if a Program Does Not Run
When you install or run software inside a virtual machine, Workstation Player might appear to stop
responding. This problem typically occurs early in the program's execution. In many cases, you can get past
the problem by temporarily disabling acceleration in the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Processors.
3
Select Disable acceleration for binary translation to disable acceleration.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
What to do next
After you pass the point where the program encountered problems, re-enable acceleration. Because
disabling acceleration slows down virtual machine performance, you should use it only for getting past the
problem with running the program
88
VMware, Inc.
Configuring and Managing Devices
12
You can use Workstation Player to add devices to virtual machines, including DVD and CD-ROM drives,
floppy drives, USB controllers, virtual and physical hard disks, parallel and serial ports, generic SCSI
devices, and processors. You can also modify settings for existing devices.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Configuring DVD, CD-ROM, and Floppy Drives,” on page 89
n
“Configuring a USB Controller,” on page 91
n
“Configuring and Maintaining Virtual Hard Disks,” on page 93
n
“Configuring Virtual Ports,” on page 99
n
“Configuring Generic SCSI Devices,” on page 102
n
“Configuring Eight-Way Virtual Symmetric Multiprocessing,” on page 104
n
“Configuring Keyboard Features,” on page 105
n
“Modify Hardware Settings for a Virtual Machine,” on page 112
Configuring DVD, CD-ROM, and Floppy Drives
You can add up to 4 IDE devices, up to 60 SCSI devices, and up to 120 SATA devices (4 controllers with 30
devices per controller) to a virtual machine. Any of these devices can be a virtual or physical hard disk or
DVD or CD-ROM drive. By default, a floppy drive is not connected when a virtual machine powers on.
A virtual machine can read data from a DVD disc. Workstation Player does not support playing DVD
movies in a virtual machine. You might be able to play a movie if you use a DVD player application that
does not require video overlay support in the video card.
Add a DVD or CD-ROM Drive to a Virtual Machine
You can add one or more DVD or CD-ROM drives to a virtual machine. You can connect the virtual DVD or
CD-ROM drive to a physical drive or an ISO image file.
You can configure the virtual DVD or CD-ROM drive as an IDE or a SCSI device, regardless of the type of
physical drive that you connect it to. For example, if the host has an IDE CD-ROM drive, you can set up the
virtual machine drive as either SCSI or IDE and connect it to the host drive.
Do not configure legacy emulation mode unless you experience problems with normal mode. See
“Configure Legacy Emulation Mode for a DVD or CD-ROM Drive,” on page 91 for more information.
Procedure
1
VMware, Inc.
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
89
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
2
On the Hardware tab, click Add.
3
In the Add Hardware wizard, select DVD/CD Drive.
4
Select a physical drive or ISO image file to connect to the drive.
Option
5
Description
Use physical drive
The virtual machine uses a physical drive.
Use ISO image
The drive connects to an ISO image file.
Configure the physical drive or ISO image file.
Option
Description
Physical drive
Select a specific drive, or select Auto detect to allow Workstation Player to
auto-detect the drive to use.
ISO image file
Type the path or browse to the location of the ISO image file.
6
To connect the drive or ISO image file to the virtual machine when the virtual machine powers on,
select Connect at power on.
7
Click Finish to add the drive to the virtual machine.
The drive initially appears as an IDE drive to the guest operating system.
8
(Optional) To change which SCSI or IDE device identifier to use for the drive, select the drive and click
Advanced.
9
Click OK to save your changes.
Add a Floppy Drive to a Virtual Machine
You can configure a virtual floppy drive to connect to a physical floppy drive or an existing or blank floppy
image file. You can add up to two floppy drives to a virtual machine.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
90
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, click Add.
3
In the Add Hardware wizard, select Floppy Drive.
4
Select the floppy media type.
Option
Description
Use a physical floppy drive
The virtual machine uses a physical floppy drive.
Use a floppy image
The drive connects to an floppy image (.flp) file.
Create a blank floppy image
The drive connects to a blank floppy image (.flp) file that you create.
5
If you selected the physical floppy drive media type, select a specific floppy drive or select Auto detect
to allow Workstation Player to auto-detect the drive to use.
6
If you selected the floppy image or blank floppy image media type, type the name or browse to the
location of a floppy image (.flp) file.
7
To connect the drive or floppy image file to the virtual machine when the virtual machine powers on,
select Connect at power on.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
8
Click Finish to add the drive to the virtual machine.
9
Click OK to save your changes.
Configure Legacy Emulation Mode for a DVD or CD-ROM Drive
Use legacy emulation mode to work around direct communication problems between a guest operating
system and a DVD or CD-ROM drive.
In legacy emulation mode, you can read only from data discs in the DVD or CD-ROM drive. Legacy
emulation mode does not provide the other capabilities of normal mode. In normal mode, the guest
operating system communicates directly with the CD-ROM or DVD drive. This direct communication
enables you to read multisession CDs, perform digital audio extraction, view videos, and use CD and DVD
writers to burn discs.
If you run more than one virtual machine at a time, and if their CD-ROM drives are in legacy emulation
mode, you must start the virtual machines with their CD-ROM drives disconnected. By disconnecting the
CD-ROM drives in the virtual machines, you prevent multiple virtual machines from being connected to the
CD-ROM drive at the same time.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select the drive and click Advanced.
3
Select Legacy emulation and click OK.
On Windows hosts, this option is deselected by default.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
Configuring a USB Controller
A virtual machine must have a USB controller to use USB devices and smart card readers. To use a smart
card reader, a virtual machine must have a USB controller regardless of whether the smart card reader is
actually a USB device.
Workstation Player provides a USB controller to support the following types of USB devices.
n
USB 1.1 UHCI (Universal Host Controller Interface) is supported for all virtual machine hardware
versions.
n
USB 2.0 EHCI (Enhanced Host Controller Interface) controllers are supported if the virtual machine
hardware is compatible with Workstation 6 and later virtual machines.
n
USB 3.0 xHCI (Extensible Host Controller Interface) support is available for Linux guests running
kernel version 2.6.35 or later and for Windows 8 guests. The virtual machine hardware must be
compatible with Workstation 8 or later virtual machines.
For USB 2.0 or 3.0 support, you must select USB 2.0 or 3.0 compatibility by configuring virtual machine
settings for the USB controller. USB 2.0 and 3.0 devices are high-speed devices that include the latest models
of USB flash drives, USB hard drives, iPods, and iPhone.
If you select USB 2.0 compatibility, when a USB 2.0 device connects to a USB port on the host system, the
device connects to the EHCI controller and operates in USB 2.0 mode. A USB 1.1 device connects to the
UHCI controller and operates in USB 1.1 mode. If you enable USB 3.0, the xHCI controller can support all
USB devices, including USB 1.1, 2.0, and 3.0 devices.
Although the host operating system must support USB, you do not need to install device-specific drivers for
USB devices in the host operating system to use those devices only in the virtual machine. Linux kernels
earlier than 2.2.17 do not support USB.
VMware, Inc.
91
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
VMware has tested a variety of USB devices. If the guest operating system has the appropriate drivers, you
can use many different USB devices, including PDAs, Smart phones, printers, storage devices, scanners,
MP3 players, digital cameras, memory card readers, and isochronous transfer devices, such as webcams,
speakers, and microphones.
You can connect USB human interface devices (HIDs), such as the keyboard and mouse, to a virtual machine
by enabling the Show all USB input devices option. If you do not select this option, these devices do not
appear in the Removable Devices menu and are not available to connect to the virtual machine, even
though they are plugged in to USB ports on the host system.
See “Connect USB HIDs to a Virtual Machine,” on page 66 for information on connecting HIDs.
Add a USB Controller to a Virtual Machine
A USB controller is required to use a smart card in a virtual machine, regardless of whether the smart card
reader is a USB device. You can add one USB controller to a virtual machine.
When you create a virtual machine in Workstation Player, a USB controller is added by default. If you
remove the USB controller, you can add it back.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, click Add.
3
In the New Hardware wizard, select USB Controller.
4
Configure the USB connection settings.
You can select multiple settings.
5
Option
Description
USB Compatibility
Selecting USB 2.0 or 3.0 enables support for isochronous USB devices,
including Web cams, speakers, and microphones.
Automatically connect new USB
devices
Connect new USB devices to the virtual machine. If this setting is not
selected, new USB devices are connected only to the host system.
Show all USB input devices
Human interface devices (HIDs), such as USB 1.1 and 2.0 mouse and
keyboard devices, appear in the Removable Devices menu. Icons for HIDs
appear in the status bar. An HID that is connected to the guest operating
system is not available to the host system. The virtual machine must be
powered off when you change this setting.
Share Bluetooth devices with the
virtual machine
Enable support for Bluetooth devices.
Click Finish to add the USB controller.
Enable Support for Isochronous USB Devices
Modems and certain streaming data devices, such as speakers and webcams, do not work properly in a
virtual machine unless you enable support for isochronous USB devices.
Prerequisites
92
n
Verify that the guest operating system supports USB 2.0 devices or 3.0 devices.
n
On a Windows XP guest operating system, verify that the latest service pack is installed. If you use
Windows XP with no service packs, the driver for the EHCI controller cannot be loaded.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select USB Controller.
3
From the USB Compatibility list, select USB 2.0 or USB 3.0.
4
Option
Description
USB 2.0
Available if the virtual machine hardware is compatible with Workstation
6 and later virtual machines.
USB 3.0
Available for Linux guests running kernel version 2.6.35 or later and for
Windows 8 guests. The virtual machine hardware must be compatible with
Workstation 8 and later virtual machines.
Click OK to save your changes.
Configuring and Maintaining Virtual Hard Disks
You can use Workstation Player to configure virtual hard disk storage for virtual machines.
A virtual disk is a file or set of files that appears as a physical disk drive to a guest operating system. The
files can be on the host system or on a remote computer. When you configure a virtual machine to use a
virtual disk, you can install a new operating system onto the virtual disk without repartitioning a physical
disk or rebooting the host.
The New Virtual Machine wizard creates a virtual machine that has one disk drive. You can modify virtual
machine settings to add more disk drives to a virtual machine, remove disk drives from a virtual machine,
and change certain settings for the existing disk drives.
n
Configuring a Virtual Hard Disk on page 94
You can configure virtual hard disks as IDE or SATA disks for any guest operating system. You can
also set up a virtual hard disk as a SCSI disk for any guest operating system that has a driver for the
LSI Logic or BusLogic SCSI adapter. You determine which SCSI adapter to use when you create a
virtual machine.
n
Compact a Virtual Hard Disk on page 96
Compacting a virtual hard disk reclaims unused space in the virtual disk. If a disk has empty space,
this process reduces the amount of space the virtual disk occupies on the host drive.
n
Expand a Virtual Hard Disk on page 96
You can add storage space to a virtual machine by expanding its virtual hard disk.
n
Defragment a Virtual Hard Disk on page 97
Like physical disk drives, virtual hard disks can become fragmented. Defragmenting disks rearranges
files, programs, and unused space on the virtual hard disk so that programs run faster and files open
more quickly. Defragmenting does not reclaim unused space on a virtual hard disk.
n
Remove a Virtual Hard Disk from a Virtual Machine on page 98
Removing a virtual hard disk disconnects it from a virtual machine. It does not delete files from the
host file system.
n
Using Lock Files to Prevent Consistency Problems on Virtual Hard Disks on page 98
A running virtual machine creates lock files to prevent consistency problems on virtual hard disks.
Without locks, multiple virtual machines might read and write to the disk, causing data corruption.
VMware, Inc.
93
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
n
Moving a Virtual Hard Disk to a New Location on page 98
A key advantage of virtual hard disks is their portability. Because the virtual hard disks are stored as
files on the host system or a remote computer, you can move them easily to a new location on the same
computer or to a different computer.
Configuring a Virtual Hard Disk
You can configure virtual hard disks as IDE or SATA disks for any guest operating system. You can also set
up a virtual hard disk as a SCSI disk for any guest operating system that has a driver for the LSI Logic or
BusLogic SCSI adapter. You determine which SCSI adapter to use when you create a virtual machine.
The files that make up an IDE, SATA, or SCSI virtual hard disk can be stored on an IDE hard disk, SATA
hard disk, or on a SCSI hard disk. They can also be stored on other types of fast-access storage media.
To use SCSI hard disks in a 32-bit Windows XP virtual machine, you must download a special SCSI driver
from the VMware Web site. Follow the instructions on the Web site to use the driver with a fresh installation
of Windows XP.
Growing and Allocating Virtual Disk Storage Space
IDE and SCSI virtual hard disks can be up to 8TB. Depending on the size of the virtual hard disk and the
host operating system, Workstation Player creates one or more files to hold each virtual disk.
Virtual hard disk files include information such as the operating system, program files, and data files.
Virtual disk files have a .vmdk extension.
By default, the actual files that the virtual hard disk uses start small and grow to their maximum size as
needed. The main advantage of this approach is the smaller file size. Smaller files require less storage space
and are easier to move to a new location, but it takes longer to write data to a disk configured in this way.
You can also configure virtual hard disks so that all of the disk space is allocated when the virtual disk is
created. This approach provides enhanced performance and is useful if you are running performancesensitive applications in the virtual machine.
Regardless of whether you allocate all disk space in advance, you can configure the virtual hard disk to use
a set of files limited to 2GB per file. Use this option if you plan to move the virtual hard disk to a file system
that does not support files larger than 2GB.
Add a New Virtual Hard Disk to a Virtual Machine
To increase storage space, you can add a new virtual hard disk to a virtual machine. You can add up to four
IDE devices and up to 60 SCSI devices. Any of these devices can be a virtual or physical hard disk or DVD
or CD-ROM drive.
Virtual hard disks are stored as files on the host computer or on a network file server. A virtual IDE drive or
SCSI drive can be stored on a physical IDE drive or on a physical SCSI drive.
As an alternative to adding a new virtual hard disk, you can expand the existing virtual hard disk. See
“Expand a Virtual Hard Disk,” on page 96.
Procedure
94
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, click Add.
3
In the New Hardware wizard, select Hard Disk.
4
Select Create a new virtual disk.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
5
6
7
Select the disk type.
Option
Description
IDE
Create an IDE device. You can add up to four IDE devices to a virtual
machine.
SCSI
Create a SCSI device. You can add up to 60 SCSI devices to a virtual
machine.
SATA
Create a SATA device. You can add up to 120 SATA devices: four
controllers and 30 devices per controller.
(Optional) To exclude the disk from snapshots, select Independent for the mode and select a
persistence option.
Option
Description
Persistent
Disks in persistent mode behave like conventional disks on a physical
computer. All data written to a disk in persistent mode is written
permanently to the disk.
Nonpersistent
Changes to disks in nonpersistent mode are discarded when you power off
or reset the virtual machine. With nonpersistent mode, you always restart
the virtual machine with a virtual disk in the same state. Changes to the
disk are written to and read from a redo log file that is deleted when you
power off or reset the virtual machine.
Set the capacity for the new virtual hard disk.
You can set a size between 0.001 GB and 8 TB for a virtual disk.
8
Specify how to allocate the disk space.
Option
Description
Allocate all disk space now
Allocating all of the disk space when you create the virtual hard disk can
enhance performance, but it requires all of the physical disk space to be
available now. If you do not select this setting, the virtual disk starts small
and grows as you add data to it.
Store virtual disk as a single file
Select this option if the virtual disk is stored on a file system that does not
have a file size limitation.
Split virtual disk into multiple files
Select this option if the virtual disk is stored on a file system that has a file
size limitation. When you split a virtual disk less than 950 GB, a series of 2
GB virtual disk files are created. When you split a virtual disk greater than
950 GB, two virtual disk files are created. The maximum size of the first
virtual disk file is 1.9 TB and the second virtual disk file stores the rest of
the data.
9
Accept the default filename and location, or browse to and select a different location.
10
Click Finish to add the new virtual hard disk.
The wizard creates the new virtual hard disk. The disk appears to the guest operating system as a new,
blank hard disk.
11
Click OK to save your changes.
12
Use the guest operating system tools to partition and format the new drive.
VMware, Inc.
95
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Add an Existing Virtual Hard Disk to a Virtual Machine
You can reconnect an existing virtual hard disk that was removed from a virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, click Add.
3
In the Add Hardware wizard, select Hard Disk.
4
Select Use an existing virtual disk.
5
Specify the path name and filename for the existing disk file.
6
Click Finish to add the existing virtual hard disk.
7
Click OK to save your changes.
Compact a Virtual Hard Disk
Compacting a virtual hard disk reclaims unused space in the virtual disk. If a disk has empty space, this
process reduces the amount of space the virtual disk occupies on the host drive.
Prerequisites
n
Power off the virtual machine.
n
Verify that the virtual disk is not mapped or mounted. You cannot compact a virtual disk while it is
mapped or mounted.
n
Verify that the disk space is not preallocated for the virtual hard disk. If the disk space was preallocated,
you cannot compact the disk.
n
If the virtual hard disk is an independent disk, verify that it is in persistent mode.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select the virtual hard disk to compact.
3
Select Utilities > Compact.
4
Click OK after the disk compacting process is complete.
Expand a Virtual Hard Disk
You can add storage space to a virtual machine by expanding its virtual hard disk.
When you expand a virtual hard disk, the added space is not immediately available to the virtual machine.
To make the added space available, you must use a disk management tool to increase the size of the existing
partition on the virtual hard disk to match the expanded size.
The disk management tool that you use depends on the virtual machine guest operating system. Many
operating systems, including Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 and some versions of Linux,
provide built-in disk management tools that can resize partitions. Third-party disk management tools are
also available, such as EASEUS Partition Master, Acronis Disk Director, and the open-source tool GParted.
When you expand the size of a virtual hard disk, the sizes of partitions and file systems are not affected.
As an alternative to expanding a virtual hard disk, you can add a new virtual hard disk to the virtual
machine. See “Add a New Virtual Hard Disk to a Virtual Machine,” on page 94.
96
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
Prerequisites
n
Power off the virtual machine.
n
Verify that the virtual disk is not mapped or mounted. You cannot expand a virtual disk while it is
mapped or mounted.
n
Verify that the virtual machine has no snapshots.
n
Verify that the virtual machine is not a linked clone or the parent of a linked clone.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select the virtual hard disk to expand.
3
Select Utilities > Expand.
4
Set the new maximum size for the virtual disk.
You can set a size between 0.001 GB and 8192 GB for a virtual disk.
5
Select Expand.
6
Click OK after the disk expansion process is complete.
What to do next
Use a disk management tool to increase the disk partition size to match the expanded virtual disk size.
Defragment a Virtual Hard Disk
Like physical disk drives, virtual hard disks can become fragmented. Defragmenting disks rearranges files,
programs, and unused space on the virtual hard disk so that programs run faster and files open more
quickly. Defragmenting does not reclaim unused space on a virtual hard disk.
Defragmenting disks can take considerable time.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that there is adequate free working space on the host system. For example, if the virtual hard
disk is contained in a single file, there must be free space equal to the size of the virtual disk file. Other
virtual hard disk configurations require less free space.
n
Verify that the virtual disk is not mapped or mounted. You cannot defragment a virtual disk while it is
mapped or mounted.
Procedure
1
Run a disk defragmentation utility in the guest operating system.
2
If disk space is not preallocated for the virtual hard disk, use the Workstation Player defragmentation
tool to defragment it.
3
VMware, Inc.
a
Power off the virtual machine.
b
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
c
On the Hardware tab, select Hard Disk.
d
Select Utilities > Defragment.
e
When the defragmentation process is finished, click OK.
Run a disk defragmentation utility on the host system.
97
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Remove a Virtual Hard Disk from a Virtual Machine
Removing a virtual hard disk disconnects it from a virtual machine. It does not delete files from the host file
system.
After you remove a virtual hard disk from a virtual machine, you can map or mount the disk to the host
system and copy data from the guest operating system to the host without powering on the virtual machine
or starting Workstation Player. You can also add the disk to another virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select the virtual hard disk and click Remove.
3
Click OK to save your changes.
Using Lock Files to Prevent Consistency Problems on Virtual Hard Disks
A running virtual machine creates lock files to prevent consistency problems on virtual hard disks. Without
locks, multiple virtual machines might read and write to the disk, causing data corruption.
Lock files have a .lck suffix and are created in subdirectories in the same directory as the virtual disk
(.vmdk) files. A locking subdirectory and lock file are created for .vmdk files, .vmx files, and .vmem files.
A unified locking method is used on all host operating systems so that files shared between them are fully
protected. For example, if one user on a Linux host tries to power on a virtual machine that is already
powered on by another user with a Windows host, the lock files prevent the second user from powering on
the virtual machine.
When a virtual machine powers off, it removes the locking subdirectories and the lock files. If the virtual
machine cannot remove these locking controls, one or more stale lock files might remain. For example, if the
host system fails before the virtual machine removes its locking controls, stale lock files remain.
When the virtual machine restarts, it scans any locking subdirectories for stale lock files and, when possible,
removes them. A lock file is considered stale if the lock file was created on the same host system that is now
running the virtual machine and the process that created the lock is no longer running. If either of these
conditions is not true, a dialog box warns you that the virtual machine cannot be powered on. You can
delete the locking directories and their lock files manually.
Locks also protect physical disk partitions. Because the host operating system is not aware of this locking
convention, it does not recognize the lock. For this reason, you should install the physical disk for a virtual
machine on the same physical disk as the host operating system.
Moving a Virtual Hard Disk to a New Location
A key advantage of virtual hard disks is their portability. Because the virtual hard disks are stored as files on
the host system or a remote computer, you can move them easily to a new location on the same computer or
to a different computer.
For example, you can use Workstation Player on a Windows host system to create virtual hard disks, move
the disks to a Linux computer, and use the disks with Workstation Player on a Linux host system.
98
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
Configuring Virtual Ports
You can add virtual parallel (LPT) ports and virtual serial (COM) ports to a virtual machine. A
Workstation Player virtual machine can use up to three parallel ports and up to four virtual serial ports.
n
Add a Virtual Parallel Port to a Virtual Machine on page 99
You can attach up to three bidirectional parallel (LPT) ports to a virtual machine. Virtual parallel ports
can output to parallel ports or to files on the host system.
n
Troubleshoot ECR Errors for Parallel Ports on page 100
A parallel port on the host system does not have an Extended Control Register (ECR).
n
Add a Virtual Serial Port to a Virtual Machine on page 100
You can add up to four serial (COM) ports to a virtual machine. Virtual serial ports can output to
physical serial ports, files, or named pipes.
n
Change the Input Speed of a Serial Connection on page 101
You can increase the speed of a serial connection over a pipe to a virtual machine.
Add a Virtual Parallel Port to a Virtual Machine
You can attach up to three bidirectional parallel (LPT) ports to a virtual machine. Virtual parallel ports can
output to parallel ports or to files on the host system.
Parallel ports are used for a variety of devices, including printers, scanners, dongles, and disk drives.
Although these devices can connect to the host system, only printers can reliably connect to virtual
machines by using parallel ports.
Workstation Player provides only partial emulation of PS/2 hardware. Interrupts that a device connected to
a physical port requests are not passed to the virtual machine. The guest operating system cannot use direct
memory access (DMA) to move data to or from the port. For this reason, not all devices that attach to a
parallel port work correctly. Do not use virtual parallel ports to connect parallel port storage devices or other
types of parallel port devices to a virtual machine.
Prerequisites
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, click Add.
3
In the New Hardware wizard, select Parallel Port.
4
Select where the virtual parallel port sends output.
Option
Description
Use a physical parallel port
Select a parallel port on the host system.
Use output file
Send output from the virtual parallel port to a file on the host system.
Either locate an existing output file or browse to a directory and type a
filename to create a new output file.
5
To connect the virtual parallel port to the virtual machine when the virtual machine powers on, select
Connect at power on.
6
Click Finish to add the virtual parallel port to the virtual machine.
VMware, Inc.
99
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
When a parallel port is configured for a virtual machine, most guest operating systems detect the port at
installation time and install the required drivers. Some operating systems, including Linux, detect the ports
at boot time.
Troubleshoot ECR Errors for Parallel Ports
A parallel port on the host system does not have an Extended Control Register (ECR).
Problem
When you power on a virtual machine after adding a parallel port, an error messages states that the parallel
port on the host system does not have an ECR.
Cause
This problem can occur when the hardware supports ECR, but ECR has been disabled in the BIOS.
Solution
1
Reboot the host system.
2
Early in the boot process, press and hold down the Delete key to enter the BIOS configuration editor.
3
Find the parallel port field and enable Extended Capability Port (ECP) mode or a combination of modes
that includes ECP.
Most modern computers support ECP mode.
Add a Virtual Serial Port to a Virtual Machine
You can add up to four serial (COM) ports to a virtual machine. Virtual serial ports can output to physical
serial ports, files, or named pipes.
You might want to add a virtual serial port to a virtual machine to make devices such as modems and
printers available to the virtual machine. You can also use virtual ports to send debugging data from a
virtual machine to the host system or to another virtual machine.
Note The virtual printer feature configures a serial port to make host printers available to the guest. You
do not need to install additional drivers in the virtual machine.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
100
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, click Add.
3
In the Add Hardware wizard, select Serial Port.
4
Select where the virtual serial port sends output.
Option
Description
Use a physical parallel port
Send output to a physical serial port on the host system.
Use output file
Send output to a file on the host system. Either locate an existing output
file or browse to a directory and type a filename to create a new output file.
Output to named pipe
Set up a direct connection between two virtual machines, or a connection
between a virtual machine and an application on the host system.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
5
If you selected Output to named pipe, configure the named pipe.
a
Use the default pipe name, or type another pipe name.
The pipe name must begin with \\.\pipe\ and must be the same on both the server and the client.
For example: \\.\pipe\namedpipe
b
To send debugging information to an application on the host system, select This end is the server
from the first drop-down menu and select The other end is an application from the second dropdown menu.
c
To send debugging information to another virtual machine, select This end is the server from the
first drop-down menu and The other end is a virtual machine from the second drop-down menu.
6
To connect the port to the virtual machine when the virtual machine powers on, select Connect at
power on.
7
Click Finish to add the virtual serial port to the virtual machine.
8
(Optional) On the Hardware tab, select the new serial port, select Yield CPU on poll, and click OK.
This option is useful if you are using debugging tools that communicate over a serial connection. If the
serial port in the guest operating system is being used in polled mode rather than interrupt mode, you
might notice performance issues. This option forces the virtual machine to yield processor time if the
only task it is trying to do is poll the virtual serial port.
What to do next
If you set up a connection between two virtual machines, the first virtual machine is set up as the server.
Repeat this procedure for the second virtual machine, but set it up as the client by selecting This end is the
client when you configure the named pipe.
Change the Input Speed of a Serial Connection
You can increase the speed of a serial connection over a pipe to a virtual machine.
In principle, the output speed, which is the speed at which the virtual machine sends data through the
virtual serial port, is unlimited. In practice, the output speed depends on how fast the application at the
other end of the pipe reads inbound data.
Prerequisites
n
Use the guest operating system to configure the serial port for the highest setting supported by the
application that you are running in the virtual machine.
n
Power off the virtual machine and exit Workstation Player.
Procedure
1
In a text editor, add the following line to the virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file.
serialport_number.pipe.charTimePercent = "time"
port_number is the number of the serial port, starting from 0. The first serial port is serial0. time is a
positive integer that specifies the time taken to transmit a character, expressed as a percentage of the
default speed set for the serial port in the guest operating system. For example, a setting of 200 forces
the port to take twice as long for each character, or send data at half the default speed. A setting of 50
forces the port to take only half as long for each character, or send data at twice the default speed.
2
VMware, Inc.
Assuming that the serial port speed is set appropriately in the guest operating system, experiment with
this setting by starting with a value of 100 and gradually decreasing it until you find the highest speed
at which the connection works reliably.
101
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Configuring Generic SCSI Devices
The generic SCSI feature gives the guest operating system direct access to SCSI devices that are connected to
the host system, including scanners, tape drives, and other data storage devices. A virtual machine can use
the generic SCSI driver to run any SCSI device that is supported by the guest operating system.
To use SCSI devices in a virtual machine running on a Windows host system, you must run
Workstation Player as a user who has administrator access.
Although generic SCSI is device independent, it can be sensitive to the guest operating system, device class,
and specific SCSI hardware.
n
Add a Generic SCSI Device to a Virtual Machine on page 102
You must add a generic SCSI device to the virtual machine to map virtual SCSI devices on a virtual
machine to physical generic SCSI devices on the host system. You can add up to 60 generic SCSI
devices to a virtual machine.
n
Troubleshoot Problems Detecting Generic SCSI Devices on page 102
When you add a generic SCSI device to a virtual machine, the device does not appear in the list of
available SCSI devices.
Add a Generic SCSI Device to a Virtual Machine
You must add a generic SCSI device to the virtual machine to map virtual SCSI devices on a virtual machine
to physical generic SCSI devices on the host system. You can add up to 60 generic SCSI devices to a virtual
machine.
Prerequisites
n
On a Windows host system, run Workstation Player as a user who has administrator access.
n
On a 32-bit Windows XP virtual machine, install the special SCSI driver that VMware provides. You can
download the driver from the VMware Web site.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, click Add.
3
In the Add Hardware wizard, select Generic SCSI Device.
4
Select the physical SCSI device to map to the virtual SCSI device.
5
To connect the device when the virtual machine powers on, select Connect at power on.
6
Click Finish to add the device.
7
On the Hardware tab, select the SCSI device identifier to use for the device from the Virtual device
node drop-down menu and click OK.
For example, if you select SCSI 0:2, the guest operating system sees the drive as ID 2 on controller 0.
Troubleshoot Problems Detecting Generic SCSI Devices
When you add a generic SCSI device to a virtual machine, the device does not appear in the list of available
SCSI devices.
Problem
The SCSI device does not appear in the list of available SCSI devices after you add it to a virtual machine.
102
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
Cause
A driver for that device is not installed on the host system, a driver on the host system prevents the device
from being detected, or the virtual machine uses a device for which there are no drivers available to the host
operating system.
Solution
1
Determine the SCSI bus number that the device uses on the host system.
The SCSI bus is assigned a number by the host operating system after all IDE buses are assigned
numbers. For example, if you have two IDE buses, they are numbered 0 and 1. The first SCSI bus is
assigned bus number 2. You can use a third-party tool, such as winobj, to determine the SCSI bus
number.
2
Determine the target ID that the device uses in the virtual machine and on the host system.
This ID is usually set by some jumpers or switches on the device.
3
Determine whether the device driver for the device is installed on the host system.
If the device driver is not installed, install it and see if the device appears. To avoid a device-in-use
conflict between the host and guest, you might not want to install the driver on the host system.
4
If an original SCSI device driver is already installed on the host system, disable it.
Some Windows operating systems do not process the send command from the adapter if the device
driver owns the device.
5
Power off the virtual machine and open the virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file in a text editor.
6
Add or change the following line in the virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file.
scsiZ:Y.fileName = "deviceName"
Z is the SCSI bus number the device uses in the virtual machine. For deviceName, use scsiX:Y, where X is
the SCSI bus number that the device uses on the host system and Y is the target ID that the device uses
in both the virtual machine and on the host system.
For example, if the problematic device is a CD-ROM drive, the existing entry is
scsi0:4.fileName = "CdRom0" and the device on the host system is located on bus 2 with target ID 4,
change the line to scsi0:4.fileName = "scsi2:4".
7
If the virtual machine does not contain any SCSI devices, to add a generic SCSI device to a new virtual
SCSI adapter, or to use an existing SCSI device as a generic SCSI device, add the following line to the
virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file.
scsiZ:Y.deviceType = "scsi-passthru"
8
If the virtual machine does not contain any SCSI devices, or to add a generic SCSI device to a new
virtual SCSI adapter, add the following lines to the virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file.
scsiZ:Y.present = "true"
scsiZ.present = "true"
VMware, Inc.
103
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Configuring Eight-Way Virtual Symmetric Multiprocessing
With virtual symmetric multiprocessing (SMP), you can assign processors and cores per processor to a
virtual machine on any host system that has at least two logical processors.
Workstation Player considers multiprocessor hosts that have two or more physical CPUs, single-processor
hosts that have a multicore CPU, and single-processor hosts that have hyperthreading enabled, to have two
logical processors.
Note On hyperthreaded uniprocessor hosts, performance of virtual machines that have virtual SMP might
be below normal. Even on multiprocessor hosts, performance is affected if you overcommit by running
multiple workloads that require more total CPU resources than are physically available.
You can power on and run multiple dual-processor virtual machines concurrently. The number of
processors for a given virtual machine appears in the summary view of the virtual machine.
Configure Eight-Way Virtual Symmetric Multiprocessing
You can configure eight-way virtual symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) for an existing virtual machines.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Processors.
3
Change the Number of processors setting to 8.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
Use a Virtual Machine That Has More Than Eight Virtual Processors
If Workstation Player is running on a multiprocessor host system, you can open a virtual machine that has
more than eight virtual processors assigned to it. You must change the number of processors before
powering on the virtual machine.
You can see the number of processors in the virtual machine summary view or by viewing the virtual
machine hardware settings.
Prerequisites
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Processors.
Note that Number of processors is set to Other (x), where x is the number of processors originally
assigned to it. Workstation Player preserves this original configuration setting for the number of
processors, even though eight is the maximum number of processors supported.
3
Change the Number of processors setting to 1, 2, 4, 8, or 16.
After you commit a change to this setting, the original setting for the number of processors is discarded
and no longer appears as an option.
4
104
Click OK to save your changes.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
Configuring Keyboard Features
You can change key combinations for hot-key sequences in Workstation Player and the language for the
keyboard that VNC clients use. You can also configure platform-specific keyboard features for Windows and
Linux host systems.
n
Use the Enhanced Virtual Keyboard Feature in a Virtual Machine on page 105
The enhanced virtual keyboard feature provides better handling of international keyboards and
keyboards that have extra keys. This feature is available only on Windows host systems.
n
Use Ctrl+Alt in a Key Combination on page 106
Because Ctrl+Alt tells Workstation Player to release mouse and keyboard input, hot-key combinations
that include Ctrl+Alt are not passed to the guest operating system. You must use the Space key if the
key combination includes Ctrl+Alt.
n
Configure Keyboard Mapping for a Remote X Server on page 107
Although the keyboard works correctly with a local X server, it might not work correctly when you
run the same virtual machine with a remote X server.
n
Change How a Specific Key Is Mapped on page 108
If some keys on the keyboard do not work correctly in a virtual machine, you can set a property that
makes a modification to the map. To change how a specific key is mapped, you add the appropriate
property to the virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file or to ~/.vmware/config.
n
Configure How Keysyms Are Mapped on page 108
When key code mapping cannot be used or is disabled, Workstation Player maps keysyms to v-scan
codes. If a language-specific keyboard does not appear to be supported by Workstation Player, you
might need to set a property that tells Workstation Player which keysym table to use.
n
V-Scan Code Table on page 109
You specify v-scan codes when you change how keys or keysyms are mapped.
Use the Enhanced Virtual Keyboard Feature in a Virtual Machine
The enhanced virtual keyboard feature provides better handling of international keyboards and keyboards
that have extra keys. This feature is available only on Windows host systems.
Because it processes raw keyboard input as soon as possible, the enhanced virtual keyboard feature also
offers security improvements by bypassing Windows keystroke processing and any malware that is not
already at a lower layer. When you use the enhanced virtual keyboard feature, only the guest operating
system acts when you press Ctrl+Alt+Delete.
Prerequisites
n
If you recently installed or upgraded Workstation Player, but did not restart the host system, restart the
host system.
n
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select General.
VMware, Inc.
105
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
3
4
Select an option from the Enhanced virtual keyboard drop-down menu.
Option
Description
Off
The virtual machine does not use the enhanced virtual keyboard feature.
This is the default value.
Use if available (recommended)
The virtual machine uses the enhanced virtual keyboard feature, but only
if the enhanced virtual keyboard driver is installed on the host system.
Required
The virtual machine must use the enhanced the virtual keyboard feature. If
you select this option and the enhanced keyboard driver is not installed on
the host system, Workstation Player returns an error message.
Click OK to save your changes.
Install the Enhanced Keyboard Driver on a Windows Host
To use the enhanced virtual keyboard feature in a virtual machine, you must install the enhanced keyboard
driver on the Windows host system. If you did not install the enhanced keyboard driver when you initially
installed or upgraded Workstation Player, you can install it by running the Workstation Player installer in
program maintenance mode.
Prerequisites
Verify that you have administrative privileges on the host system.
Procedure
1
Log in to the Windows host system as the Administrator user or as a user who is a member of the local
Administrators group.
If you log in to a domain, the domain account must also be a local administrator.
2
Double-click the VMware-player-xxxx-xxxx.exe file, where xxxx-xxxx is the version and build numbers.
3
Select Modify/Change.
4
Select Enhanced Keyboard Utility.
5
Follow the prompts to finish the installation.
What to do next
Enable the enhanced virtual keyboard feature for the virtual machine. See “Use the Enhanced Virtual
Keyboard Feature in a Virtual Machine,” on page 105.
Use Ctrl+Alt in a Key Combination
Because Ctrl+Alt tells Workstation Player to release mouse and keyboard input, hot-key combinations that
include Ctrl+Alt are not passed to the guest operating system. You must use the Space key if the key
combination includes Ctrl+Alt.
Procedure
106
1
Press Ctrl+Alt+spacebar.
2
Release the spacebar without releasing Ctrl and Alt.
3
Press the third key of the key combination to send to the guest operating system.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
Configure Keyboard Mapping for a Remote X Server
Although the keyboard works correctly with a local X server, it might not work correctly when you run the
same virtual machine with a remote X server.
For local X servers, Workstation Player maps X key codes to PC scan codes to correctly identify a key.
Because it cannot tell whether a remote X server is running on a PC or on some other kind of computer,
Workstation Player uses this key code map only for local X servers. You can set a property to tell
Workstation Player to use key code mapping. See “Understanding X-Key Codes and Keysyms,” on page 107
for more information.
To configure a keyboard mapping for a remote X server, you add the appropriate property to the virtual
machine configuration (.vmx) file or to ~/.vmware/config.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the remote X server is an XFree86 server running on a PC.
n
Power off the virtual machine and exit Workstation Player.
Note If the keyboard does not work correctly on an XFree86 server running locally, report the problem to
VMware technical support.
Procedure
n
If you use an XFree86-based server that Workstation Player does not recognize as an XFree86 server,
add the xkeymap.usekeycodeMap property and set it to TRUE.
This property tells Workstation Player to always use key code mapping regardless of server type.
For example: xkeymap.usekeycodeMap = "TRUE"
n
If Workstation Player does not recognize the remote server as an XFree86 server, add the
xkeymap.usekeycodeMapIfXFree86 property and set it to TRUE.
This property tells Workstation Player to use key code mapping if you are using an XFree86 server, even
if it is remote.
For example: usekeycodeMapIfXFree86 = "TRUE"
Understanding X-Key Codes and Keysyms
Pressing a key on a PC keyboard generates a PC scan code based roughly on the position of the key. For
example, the Z key on a German keyboard generates the same code as the Y key on an English keyboard
because they are in the same position on the keyboard. Most keys have one-byte scan codes, but some keys
have two-byte scan codes with prefix 0xe0.
Internally, Workstation Player uses a simplified version of the PC scan code that is a single nine-bit numeric
value, called a v-scan code. A v-scan code is written as a three-digit hexadecimal number. The first digit is 0
or 1. For example, the Ctrl key on the left side of the keyboard has a one-byte scan code (0x1d) and its v-scan
code is 0x01d. The Ctrl key scan code on the right side of the keyboard is two bytes (0xe0, 0x1d) and its vscan code is 0x11d.
An XFree86 server on a PC has a one-to-one mapping from X key codes to PC scan codes, or v-scan codes,
which is what Workstation Player uses. When Workstation Player is hosted on an XFree86 server and runs a
local virtual machine, it uses the built-in mapping from X key codes to v-scan codes. This mapping is
keyboard independent and should be correct for most languages. In other cases (not an XFree86 server or
not a local server), Workstation Player must map keysyms to v-scan codes by using a set of keyboardspecific tables.
VMware, Inc.
107
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
An X server uses a two-level encoding of keys, which includes the X key code and the keysym. An X key
code is a one-byte value. The assignment of key codes to keys depends on the X server implementation and
the physical keyboard. As a result, an X application normally cannot use key codes directly. Instead, the key
codes are mapped into keysyms that have names like space, escape, x and 2. You can use an X application to
control the mapping by using the function XChangeKeyboardMapping() or by the program xmodmap. To
explore keyboard mappings, you can use the xev command, which shows the key codes and keysyms for
keys typed into its window.
A key code corresponds roughly to a physical key, while a keysym corresponds to the symbol on the key
top. For example, with an XFree86 server running on a PC, the Z key on the German keyboard has the same
key code as the Y key on an English keyboard. The German Z keysym, however, is the same as the English Z
keysym, and different from the English Y keysym.
Change How a Specific Key Is Mapped
If some keys on the keyboard do not work correctly in a virtual machine, you can set a property that makes
a modification to the map. To change how a specific key is mapped, you add the appropriate property to the
virtual machine configuration (.vmx) file or to ~/.vmware/config.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the X server is an XFree86 server running on a PC. If the X server is remote, configure it to
use key code mapping. See “Configure Keyboard Mapping for a Remote X Server,” on page 107.
n
Determine the X key code and the corresponding v-scan code for the key. To find the X key code for a
key, run xev or xmodmap -pk. See “V-Scan Code Table,” on page 109 for most v-scan codes.
n
Power off the virtual machine and exit Workstation Player.
Procedure
1
Open .vmx or ~/.vmware/config in a text editor.
2
Add the xkeymap.keycode.code property and set it to the v-scan code.
code must be a decimal number and the v-scan code must be a C-syntax hexadecimal number, such as
0x001.
In this example, the properties swap left Ctrl and Caps Lock.
xkeymap.keycode.64 = "0x01d # X Caps_Lock -> VM left ctrl"
xkeymap.keycode.37 = "0x03a # X Control_L -> VM caps lock"
Configure How Keysyms Are Mapped
When key code mapping cannot be used or is disabled, Workstation Player maps keysyms to v-scan codes.
If a language-specific keyboard does not appear to be supported by Workstation Player, you might need to
set a property that tells Workstation Player which keysym table to use.
Workstation Player determines which table to use by examining the current X keymap. However, its
decision-making process can sometimes fail. In addition, each mapping is fixed and might not be completely
correct for any given keyboard and X key code-to-keysym mapping. For example, if a user uses xmodmap to
swap Ctrl and Caps Lock by, the keys are swapped in the virtual machine when using a remote server
(keysym mapping), but are unswapped when using a local server (key code mapping). To correct this
situation, you must remap the keys in Workstation Player.
To configure how keysyms are mapped, you add one or more properties to the virtual machine
configuration (.vmx) file or to ~/.vmware/config.
108
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
Prerequisites
n
To change the mapping of a few keys, determine the keysym name for each key. To find a keysym
name, use the xev or xmodmap -pk command. The X header file /usr/include/X11/keysymdef.h also has a
complete list of keysyms. The name of a keysym is the same as its C constant, but without the XK_
prefix.
n
To use a different keysym table, determine which mapping table to use. The tables are located in the
xkeymap directory in the Workstation Player installation directory, which is usually /usr/lib/vmware.
The table you must use depends on the keyboard layout. The normal distribution includes tables for PC
keyboards for the United States and a number of European countries and languages. For most of these,
both the 101-key (or 102-key) and the 104-key (or 105-key) variants are available.
If none of the mapping tables is completely correct, find one that works best, copy it to a new location,
and change the individual keysym mappings.
n
Familiarize yourself with the v-scan codes. See “V-Scan Code Table,” on page 109.
n
Power off the virtual machine and exit Workstation Player.
Procedure
n
To disable X key code mapping to map keysyms rather than key codes to v-scan codes, add the
xkeymap.nokeycodeMap property and set it to TRUE.
For example: xkeymap.nokeycodeMap = "TRUE"
n
If Workstation Player has a table in the xkeymap directory for your keyboard but cannot detect it, add the
xkeymap.language property and set it to one of the tables in the xkeymap directory.
For example: xkeymap.language = "keyboard_type"
If the failure to detect the keyboard means that the table is not completely correct for you, you might
need to create a modified table and use the xkeymap.fileName property instead.
n
To use a different keysym mapping table that is not in the xkeymap directory, add the xkeymap.fileName
property and set it to the path to the table.
For example: xkeymap.fileName = "file_path"
The table must list a keysym for each key by using the form sym="v-scan_code", where the sym value is
an X keysym name and v-scan_code is a C-syntax hexadecimal number, for example, 0x001. Use a new
line for each keysym.
Note Because compiling a complete keysym mapping is difficult, you should usually edit an existing
table and make small changes.
n
To change the keysym mapping of a few keys, type the xkeymap.keysym property for each key, on
separate lines.
For example: xkeymap.keysym.sym = "v-scan_code"
The value of sym must be an X keysym name and v-scan_code is a C-syntax hexadecimal number, for
example, 0x001.
V-Scan Code Table
You specify v-scan codes when you change how keys or keysyms are mapped.
Following are the v-scan codes for the 104-key U.S. keyboard.
VMware, Inc.
109
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Table 12‑1. V-Scan Codes for the 104-Key U.S. Keyboard
Symbol
Shifted Symbol
Location
Esc
0x001
1
!
0x002
2
@
0x003
3
#
0x004
4
$
0x005
5
%
0x006
6
^
0x007
7
&
0x008
8
*
0x009
9
(
0x00a
0
)
0x00b
-
_
0x00c
=
+
0x00d
Backspace
0x00e
Tab
0x00f
Q
0x010
W
0x011
E
0x012
R
0x013
T
0x014
Y
0x015
U
0x016
I
0x017
O
0x018
P
0x019
[
{
0x01a
]
}
0x01b
Enter
Ctrl
110
V-Scan Code
0x01c
left
0x01d
A
0x01e
S
0x01f
D
0x020
F
0x021
G
0x022
H
0x023
J
0x024
K
0x025
L
0x026
;
0x027
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
Table 12‑1. V-Scan Codes for the 104-Key U.S. Keyboard (Continued)
Symbol
Shifted Symbol
Location
V-Scan Code
'
0x028
`
0x029
Shift
\
left
|
0x02a
0x02b
Z
0x02c
X
0x02d
C
0x02e
V
0x02f
B
0x030
N
0x031
M
0x032
,
<
0x033
.
>
0x034
/
?
0x035
Shift
right
0x036
*
numeric pad
0x037
Alt
left
0x038
Space bar
0x039
Caps Lock
0x03a
F1
0x03b
F2
0x03c
F3
0x03d
F4
0x03e
F5
0x03f
F6
0x040
F7
0x041
F8
0x042
F9
0x043
F10
0x044
Num Lock
numeric pad
Scroll Lock
0x045
0x046
Home
7
numeric pad
0x047
Up arrow
8
numeric pad
0x048
PgUp
9
numeric pad
0x049
numeric pad
0x04a
numeric pad
0x04b
numeric pad
0x04c
numeric pad
0x04d
numeric pad
0x04e
Left arrow
4
5
Right arrow
+
VMware, Inc.
6
111
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Table 12‑1. V-Scan Codes for the 104-Key U.S. Keyboard (Continued)
Symbol
Shifted Symbol
Location
V-Scan Code
End
1
numeric pad
0x04f
Down arrow
2
numeric pad
0x050
PgDn
3
numeric pad
0x051
Ins
0
numeric pad
0x052
numeric pad
0x053
Del
F11
0x057
F12
0x058
Break
Pause
0x100
Enter
numeric pad
0x11c
Ctrl
right
0x11d
/
numeric pad
0x135
SysRq
Print Scrn
0x137
Alt
right
0x138
Home
function pad
0x147
Up arrow
function pad
0x148
Page Up
function pad
0x149
Left arrow
function pad
0x14b
Right arrow
function pad
0x14d
End
function pad
0x14f
Down arrow
function pad
0x150
Page Down
function pad
0x151
Insert
function pad
0x152
Delete
function pad
0x153
Windows
left
0x15b
Windows
right
0x15c
Menu
0x15d
The 84-key keyboard has a Sys Req key on the numeric pad. Its v-scan code is 0x054.
Keyboards outside the U.S. usually have an extra key (often < > or < > |) next to the left Shift key. The v-scan
code for this key is 0x056.
Modify Hardware Settings for a Virtual Machine
You can modify memory, processor, virtual and physical hard disk, CD-ROM and DVD drive, floppy drive,
virtual network adapter, USB controller, sound card, serial port, generic SCSI device, printer, and display
settings for a virtual machine.
Procedure
112
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
Click the Hardware tab.
3
Select the hardware setting to modify.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 12 Configuring and Managing Devices
4
Click Help for information about how to modify the hardware setting.
You must power off a virtual machine before you change certain hardware settings.
VMware, Inc.
113
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
114
VMware, Inc.
Configuring Network Connections
13
Workstation Player provides bridged networking, network address translation (NAT), and host-only
networking to configure a virtual machine for virtual networking. The software that you need for all
networking configurations is installed on the host system when you install Workstation Player
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Understanding Virtual Networking Components,” on page 115
n
“Understanding Common Networking Configurations,” on page 116
n
“Configuring Bridged Networking,” on page 117
n
“Configuring Network Address Translation,” on page 118
n
“Configuring Host-Only Networking,” on page 119
n
“Changing a Networking Configuration,” on page 120
Understanding Virtual Networking Components
The virtual networking components in Workstation Player include virtual switches, virtual network
adapters, the virtual DHCP server, and the NAT device.
Virtual Switches
Like a physical switch, a virtual switch connects networking components together. Virtual switches, which
are also referred to as virtual networks, are named VMnet0, VMnet1, VMnet2, and so on. A few virtual
switches are mapped to specific networks by default.
Table 13‑1. Default Virtual Network Switches
Network Type
Switch Name
Bridged
VMnet0
NAT
VMnet8
Host-only
VMnet1
Workstation Player creates virtual switches as needed, up to 20 virtual switches on a Windows host system
and up to 255 virtual switches on a Linux host system. You can connect an unlimited number of virtual
network devices to a virtual switch on a Windows host system and up to 32 virtual network devices to a
virtual switch on a Linux host system.
Note On Linux host systems, the virtual switch names are in all lowercase letters, for example, vmnet0.
VMware, Inc.
115
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Virtual Network Adapters
When you use the New Virtual Machine wizard to create a new virtual machine, the wizard creates a virtual
network adapter for the virtual machine. The virtual network adapter appears in the guest operating system
as an AMD PCNET PCI adapter or Intel Pro/1000 MT Server Adapter. In Windows Vista, Windows 7, and
Windows 8 guest operating systems, it is an Intel Pro/1000 MT Server Adapter.
Player 3.x and later virtual machines can have up to 10 virtual network adapters.
Virtual DHCP Server
The virtual Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server provides IP addresses to virtual machines
in configurations that are not bridged to an external network. For example, the virtual DHCP server assigns
IP addresses to virtual machines in host-only and NAT configurations.
NAT Device
In a NAT configuration, the NAT device passes network data between one or more virtual machines and the
external network, identifies incoming data packets intended for each virtual machine, and sends them to the
correct destination.
Understanding Common Networking Configurations
You can configure bridged networking, NAT, and host-only networking for virtual machines. You can also
use the virtual networking components to create sophisticated custom virtual networks.
Creating custom networks is available only on virtual machines that are created in Workstation Player.
Although you cannot configure custom networking in Workstation Player, you can run a virtual machine
that has custom networking in Workstation Player.
Bridged Networking
Bridged networking connects a virtual machine to a network by using the network adapter on the host
system. If the host system is on a network, bridged networking is often the easiest way to give the virtual
machine access to that network.
When you install Workstation Player on a Windows or Linux host system, a bridged network (VMnet0) is
set up for you.
NAT Networking
With NAT, a virtual machine does not have its own IP address on the external network. Instead, a separate
private network is set up on the host system. In the default configuration, a virtual machine gets an address
on this private network from the virtual DHCP server. The virtual machine and the host system share a
single network identity that is not visible on the external network.
When you install Workstation Player on a Windows or Linux host system, a NAT network (VMnet8) is set
up for you. When you use the New Virtual Machine wizard to create a new virtual machine and select the
typical configuration type, the wizard configures the virtual machine to use the default NAT network.
You can have only one NAT network.
116
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 13 Configuring Network Connections
Host-Only Networking
Host-only networking creates a network that is completely contained within the host computer. Host-only
networking provides a network connection between the virtual machine and the host system by using a
virtual network adapter that is visible on the host operating system.
When you install Workstation Player on a Windows or Linux host system, a host-only network (VMnet1) is
set up for you.
Configuring Bridged Networking
When you install Workstation Player on a Windows or Linux host system, a bridged network (VMnet0) is
set up for you. Bridged networking connects a virtual machine to a network by using the network adapter
on the host system. If the host system is on a network, bridged networking is often the easiest way to give
the virtual machine access to that network.
With bridged networking, the virtual network adapter in the virtual machine connects to a physical network
adapter in the host system. The host network adapter enables the virtual machine to connect to the LAN that
the host system uses. Bridged networking works with both wired and wireless host network adapters.
Bridged networking configures the virtual machine as a unique identity on the network, separate from and
unrelated to the host system. The virtual machine is a full participant in the network. It has access to other
machines on the network, and other machines on the network can contact it as if it were a physical computer
on the network.
Figure 13‑1. Bridged Networking Configuration
virtual
network
adapter
virtual machine
virtual network switch
(VMnet0)
virtual bridge
host
network
adapter
You can view and change the settings for bridged networking on the host system, determine which network
adapters to use for bridged networking, and map specific host network adapters to specific virtual switches.
Assigning IP Addresses in a Bridged Networking Environment
A virtual machine must have its own identity on a bridged network. For example, on a TCP/IP network, the
virtual machine needs its own IP address. Your network administrator can tell you whether IP addresses are
available for virtual machines and which networking settings to use in the guest operating system.
Typically, the guest operating system can acquire an IP address and other network details from a DHCP
server, but you might need to set the IP address and other details manually in the guest operating system.
Users who boot multiple operating systems often assign the same address to all systems because they
assume that only one operating system will be running at a time. If the host system is set up to boot multiple
operating systems, and you run one or more operating systems in virtual machines, you must configure
each operating system to have a unique network address.
VMware, Inc.
117
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Configure Bridged Networking for an Existing Virtual Machine
You can configure bridged networking for an existing virtual machine.
To configure bridged networking for a new virtual machine, select Customize Hardware when you run the
New Virtual Machine wizard.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Network Adapter.
3
Select Bridged: Connected directly to the physical network.
4
If you use the virtual machine on a laptop or other mobile device, select Replicate physical network
connection state.
This setting causes the IP address to be renewed when you move from one wired or wireless network to
another.
5
Click OK to save your changes.
Configuring Network Address Translation
When you install Workstation Player on a Windows or Linux host system, a NAT network (VMnet8) is set
up for you. When you use the New Virtual Machine wizard to create a typical virtual machine, the wizard
configures the virtual machine to use the default NAT network.
With NAT, a virtual machine does not have its own IP address on the external network. Instead, a separate
private network is set up on the host system. In the default configuration, virtual machines get an address
on this private network from the virtual DHCP server.
Figure 13‑2. NAT Configuration
virtual
network
adapter
virtual network switch
(VMnet8)
virtual machine
NAT
device
DHCP server
network
The virtual machine and the host system share a single network identity that is not visible on the external
network. NAT works by translating the IP addresses of virtual machines in the private network to the IP
address of the host system. When a virtual machine sends a request to access a network resource, it appears
to the network resource as if the request is coming from the host system.
The host system has a virtual network adapter on the NAT network. This adapter enables the host system
and virtual machines to communicate with each other. The NAT device passes network data between one or
more virtual machines and the external network, identifies incoming data packets intended for each virtual
machine, and sends them to the correct destination.
118
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 13 Configuring Network Connections
Configuring Host-Only Networking
When you install Workstation Player on a Windows or Linux host system, a host-only network (VMnet1) is
set up for you. Host-only networking is useful if you need to set up an isolated virtual network. In a hostonly network, the virtual machine and the host virtual network adapter are connected to a private Ethernet
network. The network is completely contained within the host system.
The network connection between the virtual machine and the host system is provided by a virtual network
adapter that is visible on the host operating system. The virtual DHCP server provides IP addresses on the
host-only network.
Figure 13‑3. Host-Only Networking Configuration
virtual
network
adapter
virtual machine
virtual network switch
(VMnet1)
host
network
adapter
DHCP server
In the default configuration, a virtual machine in a host-only network cannot connect to the Internet. If you
install the proper routing or proxy software on the host system, you can establish a connection between the
host virtual network adapter and a physical network adapter on the host system to connect the virtual
machine to a Token Ring or other non-Ethernet network.
On a Windows XP or Windows Server 2003 host computer, you can use host-only networking in
combination with the Internet connection sharing feature in Windows to allow a virtual machine to use the
dial-up networking adapter or other connection to the Internet on the host system. See Microsoft
documentation for information on configuring Internet connection sharing.
Configure Host-Only Networking for an Existing Virtual Machine
You can configure host-only networking for an existing virtual machine. You can connect a virtual network
adapter to the default host-only network (VMnet1) or to a custom host-only network. If a virtual machine
has two virtual network adapters, you can connect it to two host-only networks.
To configure host-only networking for a new virtual machine, select Customize Hardware when you run
the New Virtual Machine wizard.
Prerequisites
To connect the virtual machine to two host-only networks, add a second virtual network adapter to the
virtual machine. See “Add a Virtual Network Adapter to a Virtual Machine,” on page 120.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab select a virtual network adapter.
VMware, Inc.
119
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
3
Select the host-only network.
Option
Action
Use the default host-only network
(VMnet1)
Select Host-only: A private network shared with the host.
Use a custom host-only network
Select Custom and select the custom host-only network from the dropdown menu.
4
To connect the virtual machine to a second host-only network, select another virtual network adapter
and select the second host-only network.
5
Click OK to save your changes.
What to do next
Assign IP addresses to the virtual network adapters. To see the IP address that a host-only network is using,
use the ipconfig /all command on the Windows host.
Changing a Networking Configuration
You can determine the type of network that a virtual machine is using, add virtual network adapters to a
virtual machine, and change the configuration of existing virtual network adapters.
Find the Network Type of a Virtual Machine
Unless you configure a custom network connection, a virtual machine uses a bridged, NAT, or host-only
network connection. When you use the New Virtual Machine wizard to create a virtual machine, the new
virtual machine defaults to using the NAT network type.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Network Adapter.
Add a Virtual Network Adapter to a Virtual Machine
You can add up to 10 virtual network adapters to a virtual machine.
Prerequisites
Familiarize yourself with the network configuration types. See “Understanding Common Networking
Configurations,” on page 116.
Procedure
120
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, click Add.
3
Select Network Adapter.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 13 Configuring Network Connections
4
Select the virtual network adapter type.
Option
Description
Bridged
The virtual machine is connected to the network by using the network
adapter on the host system. The virtual machine has a unique identity on
the network, separate from and unrelated to the host system.
NAT
The virtual machine and the host system share a single network identity
that is not visible on the external network. When the virtual machine sends
a request to access a network resource, it appears to the network resource
as if the request is coming from the host system.
Host-only
The virtual machine and the host virtual network adapter are connected to
a private Ethernet network. The network is completely contained within
the host system.
Custom
Select a custom network from the drop-down menu. Although VMnet0,
VMnet1, and VMnet8 might be available in the list, these networks are
usually used for bridged, host-only, and NAT networks.
LAN segment
Select a LAN segment from the drop-down menu. A LAN segment is a
private network that is shared by other virtual machines.
5
Click Finish to add the virtual network adapter to the virtual machine.
6
Click OK to save your changes.
7
Verify that the guest operating system is configured to use an appropriate IP address on the new
network.
a
If the virtual machine is using DHCP, release and renew the lease.
b
If the IP address is set statically, verify that the guest operating system has an address on the
correct virtual network.
Modify an Existing Virtual Network Adapter for a Virtual Machine
You can change the settings of a virtual network adapter that is currently used by a virtual machine.
Prerequisites
Familiarize yourself with the network configuration types. See “Understanding Common Networking
Configurations,” on page 116.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select the virtual network adapter.
3
Select the virtual network adapter type.
VMware, Inc.
Option
Description
Bridged
The virtual machine is connected to the network by using the network
adapter on the host system. The virtual machine has a unique identity on
the network, separate from and unrelated to the host system.
NAT
The virtual machine and the host system share a single network identity
that is not visible on the external network. When the virtual machine sends
a request to access a network resource, it appears to the network resource
as if the request is coming from the host system.
Host-only
The virtual machine and the host virtual network adapter are connected to
a private Ethernet network. The network is completely contained within
the host system.
121
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
122
Option
Description
Custom
Select a custom network from the drop-down menu. Although VMnet0,
VMnet1, and VMnet8 might be available in this list, these networks are
usually used for bridged, host-only, and NAT networks.
LAN segment
Select a LAN segment from the drop-down menu. A LAN segment is a
private network that is shared by other virtual machines.
4
Click OK to save your changes.
5
Verify that the guest operating system is configured to use an appropriate IP address on the new
network.
a
If the virtual machine is using DHCP, release and renew the lease.
b
If the IP address is set statically, verify that the guest operating system has an address on the
correct virtual network.
VMware, Inc.
Configuring Virtual Machine Option
Settings
14
Virtual machine options settings control characteristics of individual virtual machines, such as how files are
transferred between the host and guest operating system and what happens to a guest operating system
when you exit Workstation Player. Some virtual machine options override similar Workstation Player
preference settings.
To configure virtual machine option settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual
Machine Settings and click the Options tab.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Configuring General Option Settings for a Virtual Machine,” on page 123
n
“Configuring Power Options for a Virtual Machine,” on page 125
n
“Configuring VMware Tools Options for a Virtual Machine,” on page 126
n
“Configuring Unity Mode for a Virtual Machine,” on page 126
n
“Configuring Autologon for a Virtual Machine,” on page 127
Configuring General Option Settings for a Virtual Machine
General option settings include the virtual machine name, the guest operating system type and version, and
the location of the directory where virtual machine files are stored.
To configure general option settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual
Machine Settings, click the Options tab, and select General.
n
Changing a Virtual Machine Name on page 124
You can change the name of a virtual machine. Changing the name of the virtual machine does not
change the name of this directory, nor does it rename the virtual machine files on the host.
Workstation Player uses the original name of the virtual machine to create the directory where virtual
machine files are stored.
n
Changing the Guest Operating System on page 124
You can change the guest operating system or operating system version for a virtual machine. You
might want to change the guest operating system for a virtual machine when you upgrade the guest
operating system or if you specified the wrong operating system version when you created the virtual
machine.
n
Changing the Virtual Machine Working Directory on page 124
You can change the working directory for a virtual machine. The working directory is where
Workstation Player stores suspended state (.vmss), snapshot (.vmsn), and virtual machine paging
(.vmem) files. By default, the working directory is where the virtual machine files are stored.
VMware, Inc.
123
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
n
Use the Enhanced Virtual Keyboard Feature in a Virtual Machine on page 125
The enhanced virtual keyboard feature provides better handling of international keyboards and
keyboards that have extra keys. This feature is available only on Windows host systems.
Changing a Virtual Machine Name
You can change the name of a virtual machine. Changing the name of the virtual machine does not change
the name of this directory, nor does it rename the virtual machine files on the host. Workstation Player uses
the original name of the virtual machine to create the directory where virtual machine files are stored.
To specify a new name for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings,
click the Options tab, and select General.
Changing the Guest Operating System
You can change the guest operating system or operating system version for a virtual machine. You might
want to change the guest operating system for a virtual machine when you upgrade the guest operating
system or if you specified the wrong operating system version when you created the virtual machine.
To select a new guest operating system or operating system version for a selected virtual machine, select
Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings, click the Options tab, and select General.
When you change the operating system type, the virtual machine configuration file is changed but the guest
operating system is not changed. To change the guest operating system, you must obtain the operating
system software and upgrade the guest operating system.
The virtual machine must be powered off when you change these settings.
Changing the Virtual Machine Working Directory
You can change the working directory for a virtual machine. The working directory is where
Workstation Player stores suspended state (.vmss), snapshot (.vmsn), and virtual machine paging (.vmem)
files. By default, the working directory is where the virtual machine files are stored.
To specify a new working directory for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual
Machine Settings, click the Options tab, and select General.
You might want to change the working directory in the following situations.
n
To organize all of your snapshots in a separate directory, you can create a directory in another location.
If you plan to take many snapshots and use a large amount of disk space, place the working directory
on a disk with a lot of space.
n
To run a virtual machine that is stored on a network share or iPod, which might slow performance, you
can change the working directory to your local hard disk. Then you can take a snapshot, power on the
virtual machine, use it, and discard the snapshot when you are finished. The virtual machine then
reverts to its original state.
n
To create a paging file on a fast disk with a lot of disk space but leave the virtual disk and configuration
file on a different disk, you can change the working directory so that it is located on the fast disk.
Changing the working directory does not change the directory where Workstation Player stores the virtual
machine configuration (.vmx) file and log files.
The virtual machine must be powered off when you change this setting.
124
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 14 Configuring Virtual Machine Option Settings
Use the Enhanced Virtual Keyboard Feature in a Virtual Machine
The enhanced virtual keyboard feature provides better handling of international keyboards and keyboards
that have extra keys. This feature is available only on Windows host systems.
Because it processes raw keyboard input as soon as possible, the enhanced virtual keyboard feature also
offers security improvements by bypassing Windows keystroke processing and any malware that is not
already at a lower layer. When you use the enhanced virtual keyboard feature, only the guest operating
system acts when you press Ctrl+Alt+Delete.
Prerequisites
n
If you recently installed or upgraded Workstation Player, but did not restart the host system, restart the
host system.
n
Power off the virtual machine.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Options tab, select General.
3
Select an option from the Enhanced virtual keyboard drop-down menu.
4
Option
Description
Off
The virtual machine does not use the enhanced virtual keyboard feature.
This is the default value.
Use if available (recommended)
The virtual machine uses the enhanced virtual keyboard feature, but only
if the enhanced virtual keyboard driver is installed on the host system.
Required
The virtual machine must use the enhanced the virtual keyboard feature. If
you select this option and the enhanced keyboard driver is not installed on
the host system, Workstation Player returns an error message.
Click OK to save your changes.
Configuring Power Options for a Virtual Machine
Power options control how a virtual machine behaves after it is powered off, closed, or suspended.
To configure power options for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Options tab, and select Power.
Table 14‑1. Power Options
Option
Description
Enter full screen mode after powering on
The virtual machine enters full screen mode after it is powered on.
Report battery information to guest
Battery information is reported to the guest operating system. If you run
the virtual machine on a laptop in full screen mode, this option enables you
to determine when the battery is running low. This option is available only
for Workstation 6.x and later virtual machines.
VMware, Inc.
125
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Configuring VMware Tools Options for a Virtual Machine
You can configure how VMware Tools is updated on a virtual machine. You can also configure whether the
clock on the guest operating system is synchronised with the clock on the host.
VMware Tools Update Options
The virtual machine VMware Tools update options override the Workstation Player preferences for
automatically updating VMware Tools on Linux and Windows guest operating systems.
To configure VMware Tools updates for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual
Machine Settings, click the Options tab, and select VMware Tools.
Note Automatic updates are not supported for versions of VMware Tools included in virtual machines
created with older versions of VMware products, such as Workstation 5.5 and earlier or VMware Server 1.x.
Table 14‑2. VMware Tools Update Options
Option
Description
Update manually (do nothing)
You must update VMware Tools manually. A message appears
on the status bar of the guest operating system when a new
version of VMware Tools is available.
Update automatically
VMware Tools is updated automatically when a new version is
available. The status bar indicates when an update is in
progress.
Use application default (currently update
automatically)
Use the default VMware Tools update behavior.
To install a VMware Tools update, use the same procedure that you used for installing VMware Tools the
first time.
Time Synchronization
If you turn on the VMware Tools time synchronization feature, VMware Tools checks once every minute to
determine whether the clocks on the guest and host operating systems still match. If not, the clock on the
guest operating system is synchronized to match the clock on the host.
Native time synchronization software, such as Network Time Protocol (NTP) for Linux and the Mac OS X,
or Microsoft Windows Time Service (Win32Time) for Windows, is typically more accurate than VMware
Tools periodic time synchronization and is therefore preferred.
Configuring Unity Mode for a Virtual Machine
In virtual machines that have Windows XP or later guest operating systems, you can switch to Unity mode
to display applications directly on the host system desktop. Open applications in Unity mode appear on the
taskbar in the same way as open host system applications.
To configure Unity mode settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Options tab, and select Unity.
Table 14‑3. Unity Mode Options
126
Setting
Description
Show borders
Set a window border that identifies the application as belonging to the
virtual machine rather than to the host computer.
Show badges
Display a logo in the title bar.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 14 Configuring Virtual Machine Option Settings
Table 14‑3. Unity Mode Options (Continued)
Setting
Description
Use a custom color in window borders
Use a custom color in window borders to help distinguish between the
application windows that belong to various virtual machines. For
example, you can set the applications for one virtual machine to have a
blue border and set the applications for another virtual machine to have
a yellow border. On Windows hosts, click Choose color to use the color
chooser.
Enable applications menu
The virtual machine Start or Applications menu appears on the host
system desktop.
When you can access the virtual machine Start or Applications menu
from the host machine desktop, you can start applications in the virtual
machine that are not open in Unity mode. If you do not enable this
setting, you must exit Unity mode to display the virtual machine Start or
Applications menu in the console view.
Configuring Autologon for a Virtual Machine
You can configure the Autologon feature for virtual machines that have a Windows 2000 or later guest
operating system. To use Autologon, the virtual machine must be powered on, you must have an existing
user account on the local machine, and the latest version of VMware Tools must be installed.
To configure Autologon for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings,
click the Options tab, and select Autologon.
When you enable Autologon, you must type your login credentials. If you type an incorrect or expired
password, you must type your login credentials when you power on the virtual machine. To change your
login credentials, select Change User.
Note When you enable Autologon or change your login credentials, Autologon settings are saved
immediately. If you click Cancel in the Virtual Machine Settings dialog box, the changes applied to the
Autologon settings are not affected.
VMware, Inc.
127
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
128
VMware, Inc.
Configuring Virtual Machine
Hardware Settings
15
You can use virtual machine hardware settings to add, remove, and modify virtual devices for a virtual
machine.
To configure hardware settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings and click the Hardware tab. When you select a device in the left pane, the configuration options for
that device appear in the right pane.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Adding Hardware to a Virtual Machine,” on page 129
n
“Removing Hardware from a Virtual Machine,” on page 130
n
“Adjusting Virtual Machine Memory,” on page 131
n
“Configuring Virtual Machine Processor Settings,” on page 131
n
“Configuring and Maintaining Virtual Hard Disks,” on page 132
n
“Configuring CD-ROM and DVD Drive Settings,” on page 135
n
“Configuring Floppy Drive Settings,” on page 136
n
“Configuring Virtual Network Adapter Settings,” on page 137
n
“Configuring USB Controller Settings,” on page 140
n
“Configuring Sound Card Settings,” on page 141
n
“Configuring Parallel Port Settings,” on page 141
n
“Configuring Serial Port Settings,” on page 141
n
“Configuring Generic SCSI Device Settings,” on page 142
n
“Configuring Printer Settings,” on page 143
n
“Configuring Display Settings,” on page 143
n
“Installing a Guest Operating System on a Physical Disk or Unused Partition,” on page 144
Adding Hardware to a Virtual Machine
You can use virtual machine hardware settings to add hardware to an existing virtual machine.
To add hardware to a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings, click the
Hardware tab, and click Add.
VMware, Inc.
129
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
The Add Hardware wizard prompts you to select the type of device that you want to add and to specify
device-specific configuration settings. You can modify many of the configuration settings after the device is
created by changing virtual machine hardware settings.
You can add the following types of devices to a virtual machine.
Virtual hard disks
A virtual hard disk is a set of files that appears as a physical disk drive to the
guest operating system. You can configure a virtual hard disk as an IDE,
SCSI, or SATA device. You can add up to 4 IDE devices, up to 60 SCSI
devices, and up to 120 SATA devices (4 controllers and 30 devices per
controller) to a virtual machine. You can also give a virtual machine direct
access to a physical disk.
CD-ROM and DVD
drives
You can configure a virtual CD-ROM or DVD drive as an IDE, SCSI, or SATA
device. You can add up to 4 IDE devices, up to 60 SCSI devices, and up to 120
SATA devices (4 controllers and 30 devices per controller) to a virtual
machine. You can connect virtual CD-ROM and DVD drives to a physical
drive on the host system or to an ISO image file.
Floppy drives
You can add up to two floppy drives. A virtual floppy drive can connect to a
physical drive on the host system, to an existing floppy image file, or to a
blank floppy image file.
Network adapters
You can add up to 10 virtual network adapters to a virtual machine.
USB controller
You can add one USB controller to a virtual machine. A virtual machine must
have a USB controller to use USB devices or smart card readers. For smart
card readers, a virtual machine must have a USB controller regardless of
whether the smart card reader is actually a USB device.
Sound card
If the host system is configured for sound and has a sound card installed,
you can enable sound for virtual machines.
Parallel (LPT) ports
You can attach up to three bidirectional parallel ports to a virtual machine.
Virtual parallel ports can output to parallel ports or to files on the host
operating system.
Serial (COM) ports
You can add up to four serials ports to a virtual machine. Virtual serial ports
can output to physical serial ports, files on the host operating system, or
named pipes.
Printers
You can print from a virtual machine to any printer available to the host
system without installing additional drivers in the virtual machine.
Workstation Player uses ThinPrint technology to replicate the host machine
printer mapping in the virtual machine. When you enable the virtual
machine printer, Workstation Player configures a virtual serial port to
communicate with the host printers.
Generic SCSI devices
You can add up to 60 SCSI devices to a virtual machine. A generic SCSI
device gives the guest operating system direct access to a SCSI device
connected to the host system. Generic SCSI devices can include scanners,
tape drives, CD-ROM drives, and DVD drives.
Removing Hardware from a Virtual Machine
You can remove certain types of hardware from a virtual machine.
To remove hardware from a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings,
click the Hardware tab, and click Remove.
130
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 15 Configuring Virtual Machine Hardware Settings
You can remove the following types of devices from a virtual machine.
n
Virtual hard disks
n
CD-ROM and DVD drives
n
Floppy drives
n
Virtual network adapters
n
USB controllers
n
Sound cards
n
Printers
n
Generic SCSI devices
You cannot remove the Memory, Processors, and Display device types.
You must power off a virtual machine before you remove a virtual network adapter, sound card, parallel
port, serial port, or generic SCSI device. You must also power off Workstation 4 and 5 virtual machines
before you remove a USB controller.
Adjusting Virtual Machine Memory
You can adjust the amount of memory that is allocated to a virtual machine. You must power off a virtual
machine before you change its memory allocation setting.
To adjust the memory allocation for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Hardware tab, and click Memory.
The Memory panel includes information to help you select the appropriate amount of memory for the
virtual machine. The high end of the range is determined by the amount of memory that is allocated to all
running virtual machines. If you allow virtual machine memory to be swapped, this value changes to reflect
the specified amount of swapping.
The color-coded icons on the Memory panel indicate the maximum recommended memory, the
recommended memory, and the guest operating system recommended minimum memory amounts. To
adjust the memory, move the slider along the range of values, or type a value in the Memory for this virtual
machine text box.
Note Allocating more than the maximum memory to a virtual machine might cause memory swapping. It
can also negatively affect host system performance, including the ability to run Workstation Player.
Configuring Virtual Machine Processor Settings
You can configure processor settings for a virtual machine, including the number of processors, the number
of cores per processor, and the preferred execution mode for the virtualization engine.
To configure processor settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select Processors.
VMware, Inc.
131
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Table 15‑1. Processor Settings
Setting
Description
Number of cores per processor
Select the number of cores per processor.
Workstation Player supports up to 16-way virtual Symmetric
Multiprocessing (SMP) for guest operating systems running on
multiprocessor host machines. You can assign processors and cores per
processor to a virtual machine on any host machine that has at least two
logical processors.
Preferred mode
Select the preferred execution mode for the virtualization engine. You
usually do not need to change virtualization engine settings.
Automatic
Workstation Player chooses the execution mode
based on the guest operating system and the host
CPU.
Binary
translation
Workstation Player uses a mix of directly
executing guest code and binary translation to run
the guest operating system. Guest memory
mapping is performed by using shadow page
tables.
Intel VT-x or
AMD-V
Workstation Player uses hardware extensions to
run and isolate guest code. Guest memory
mapping is performed by using shadow page
tables.
Intel VT-x/EPT
or AMD-V/RVI
Workstation Player uses hardware extensions to
run and isolate guest code. Guest memory
mapping is performed by using hardware paging.
Disable acceleration for binary translation
In rare instances, you might find that Workstation Player appears to
freeze when you install or run software inside a virtual machine. This
problem typically occurs early in the execution of the program. In many
cases, you can prevent the problem by temporarily disabling acceleration
in the virtual machine. After the program passes the point at which the
problems occur, deselect this setting.
Virtualize Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI
Workstation Player forces the virtual machine execution mode to VTx/EPT or AMD-RVI. Physical Address Extension (PAE) mode must be
enabled to use virtualized AMD-V/RVI.
If the execution mode is not supported by the host system, virtualized
VT-x/EPT or AMD/RVI is not available. If you migrate the virtual
machine to another VMware product, virtualized VT-x/EPT or AMDV/RVI might not be available.
Virtualize CPU performance counters
Turn on this feature if you plan to use performance monitoring
applications such as VTune or OProfile to optimize or debug software
that runs inside the virtual machine.
This feature is available only if the virtual machine compatibility is
Workstation 9 or later.
Configuring and Maintaining Virtual Hard Disks
You can configure virtual hard disk node and mode settings. You can also use command in the Utilities
menu to perform common disk maintenance tasks, such as defragmenting, compacting, and expanding a
disk.
To perform actions on a virtual hard disk for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual
Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select the virtual hard disk.
132
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 15 Configuring Virtual Machine Hardware Settings
n
Defragmenting Virtual Hard Disks on page 133
Like physical disk drives, virtual hard disks can become fragmented. Defragmenting disks rearranges
files, programs, and unused space on the virtual disk so that programs run faster and files open more
quickly. Defragmenting does not reclaim unused space on a virtual disk.
n
Expanding Virtual Hard Disks on page 133
Expanding a virtual hard disk adds storage space to the virtual machine.
n
Compacting Virtual Hard Disks on page 134
Compacting a virtual hard disk reclaims unused space in the disk. If a disk has empty space, this
process reduces the amount of space the virtual hard disk occupies on the host drive. You must power
off a virtual machine before you compact its virtual hard disk.
n
Mapping a Virtual Disk to the Host System on page 134
Instead of using shared folders or copying data between a virtual machine and the host system, you
can map a virtual disk to the host system. In this case, you map a virtual disk in the host file system as
a separate mapped drive. Using a mapped drive lets you connect to the virtual disk without going into
a virtual machine.
n
Changing Virtual Hard Disk Node and Mode Settings on page 135
You can change virtual hard disk node and mode settings. By default, changes are immediately written
to the disk. The data on the disk is saved when you take a snapshot of the virtual machine.
Defragmenting Virtual Hard Disks
Like physical disk drives, virtual hard disks can become fragmented. Defragmenting disks rearranges files,
programs, and unused space on the virtual disk so that programs run faster and files open more quickly.
Defragmenting does not reclaim unused space on a virtual disk.
There must be adequate free working space on the host system to defragment a virtual hard disk. If the disk
is contained in a single file, for example, you need free space equal to the size of the disk file. Other virtual
hard disk configurations require less free space. You cannot defragment a virtual hard disk while it is
mapped or mounted.
To defragment a virtual hard disk for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Hardware tab, select the virtual hard disk, and select Defragment from the Utilities
menu.
Note Defragmenting a virtual hard disk can take several minutes.
Expanding Virtual Hard Disks
Expanding a virtual hard disk adds storage space to the virtual machine.
When you expand a virtual hard disk, the added space is not immediately available to the virtual machine.
To make the added space available, you must use a disk management tool to increase the size of the existing
partition on the virtual hard disk to match the expanded size.
The disk management tool that you use depends on the virtual machine guest operating system. Many
operating systems, including Windows Vista, Windows 7, and some versions of Linux, provide built-in disk
management tools that can resize partitions. Third-party disk management tools are also available, such as
Symantec/Norton PartitionMagic, EASEUS Partition Master, Acronis Disk Director, and the open-source tool
GParted.
When you expand the size of a virtual hard disk, the sizes of partitions and file systems are not affected.
VMware, Inc.
133
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
To expand a virtual hard disk for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, select the virtual hard disk, and select Expand from the Utilities menu.
Note As an alternative to expanding a virtual hard disk, you can add a new virtual hard disk to the virtual
machine.
Compacting Virtual Hard Disks
Compacting a virtual hard disk reclaims unused space in the disk. If a disk has empty space, this process
reduces the amount of space the virtual hard disk occupies on the host drive. You must power off a virtual
machine before you compact its virtual hard disk.
You cannot compact a virtual hard disk if disk space is preallocated or if the virtual hard disk is mapped or
mounted.
To compact a virtual hard disk for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Hardware tab, select the virtual hard disk, and select Compact from the Utilities menu.
Mapping a Virtual Disk to the Host System
Instead of using shared folders or copying data between a virtual machine and the host system, you can
map a virtual disk to the host system. In this case, you map a virtual disk in the host file system as a separate
mapped drive. Using a mapped drive lets you connect to the virtual disk without going into a virtual
machine.
Map or Mount a Virtual Disk to a Drive on the Host System
When you map a virtual disk and its associated volume to a drive on the host system, you can connect to the
virtual disk without opening a virtual machine.
After you map the virtual disk to a drive on the host system, you cannot power on any virtual machine that
uses the disk until you disconnect the disk from the host system.
Important If you mount a virtual disk that has a snapshot and then write to the disk, you can irreparably
damage a snapshot or linked clone created from the virtual machine.
Prerequisites
n
Power off all virtual machines that use the virtual disk.
n
Verify that the virtual disk (.vmdk) files on the virtual disk are not compressed and do not have readonly permissions.
n
On a Windows host, verify that the volume is formatted with FAT (12/16/32) or NTFS. Only FAT
(12/16/32) and NTFS formatting is supported. If the virtual disk has mixed partitions, for example, one
partition is formatted with a Linux operating system and another partition is formatted with a
Windows operating system, you can map the Windows partition only.
n
Verify that the virtual disk is unencrypted. You cannot map or mount encrypted disks.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Hard Disk, click Utilities, and select Map.
3
On a Windows host, leave the check box Open file in read-only mode selected in the Map Virtual Disk
dialog box.
This setting prevents you from accidentally writing data to a virtual disk that might be the parent of a
snapshot or linked clone. Writing to such a disk might make the snapshot or linked clone unusable.
134
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 15 Configuring Virtual Machine Hardware Settings
4
Browse to a virtual disk (.vmdk) file, select it, and click Open.
5
Select the volume to map or mount and select an unused drive letter on the host system.
6
(Optional) On a Windows host, if you do not want the drive to open in Windows Explorer after it is
mapped, deselect the Open drive in Windows Explorer after mapping check box.
7
Click OK or Mount.
The drive appears on the host system. You can read from or write to files on the mapped virtual disk on
the host system.
Disconnect a Virtual Disk from the Host System
To use a virtual disk from a virtual machine after it has been mapped or mounted on the host system, you
must disconnect it from the host system.
On Windows hosts, you must use Workstation Player to disconnect the drive from the host system. The
mapped drive letter does not appear in the list of network drives when you use the Windows Disconnect
Network Drive command.
Procedure
1
Select the virtual machine and select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine Settings.
2
On the Hardware tab, select Hard Disk, click Utilities, and select Disconnect.
You can now power on any virtual machine that uses this disk.
Changing Virtual Hard Disk Node and Mode Settings
You can change virtual hard disk node and mode settings. By default, changes are immediately written to
the disk. The data on the disk is saved when you take a snapshot of the virtual machine.
To change the node and mode settings for a virtual hard disk on a selected virtual machine, select Player >
Manage > Virtual Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, select the virtual hard disk, and click
Advanced.
Table 15‑2. Virtual Hard Disk Node and Mode Settings
Setting
Description
Virtual device node
Select the SCSI, IDE, or SATA device identifier to use for the drive. For example, if you
select SCSI 0:2, the guest operating system detects the drive as ID 2 on controller 0.
You determine whether the virtual disk is seen as a SCSI, IDE, or SATA device at the
time that you create it.
Configuring CD-ROM and DVD Drive Settings
You can configure CD-ROM and DVD drive settings, including the virtual device node and legacy
emulation modes.
To configure CD-ROM and DVD drive settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage >
Virtual Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select the drive.
n
Configuring CD-ROM and DVD Drive Status and Connection Settings on page 136
Device status and connection settings control when a CD-ROM or DVD drive is connected to a virtual
machine, whether to use a specific drive or allow Workstation Player to detect a drive, and whether to
use an ISO image file instead of a physical drive.
VMware, Inc.
135
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
n
Changing Virtual Device Node and Legacy Emulation Settings on page 136
You can use the advanced settings to change the virtual device node and legacy emulation settings for
a CD-ROM or DVD drive. You must power off the virtual machine before you change these settings.
Configuring CD-ROM and DVD Drive Status and Connection Settings
Device status and connection settings control when a CD-ROM or DVD drive is connected to a virtual
machine, whether to use a specific drive or allow Workstation Player to detect a drive, and whether to use
an ISO image file instead of a physical drive.
To configure device status and connection settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage >
Virtual Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select the drive.
Table 15‑3. Device Status and Connection Settings
Setting
Description
Connected
Connect the drive or ISO image file while the virtual machine is running.
Connect at power on
Connect the drive or ISO image path when you power on the virtual machine.
Use physical drive
Select a specific drive or select Auto detect to allow Workstation Player to detect
a drive to use.
Use ISO image file
Specify or select an ISO image file for the virtual machine to use.
To disable or enable access to a CD-ROM or DVD drive while a virtual machine is running, select the virtual
machine, select Player > Removable Devices > CD/DVD, and select Disconnect or Connect.
Changing Virtual Device Node and Legacy Emulation Settings
You can use the advanced settings to change the virtual device node and legacy emulation settings for a CDROM or DVD drive. You must power off the virtual machine before you change these settings.
To configure virtual device and legacy emulation settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player >
Manage > Virtual Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, select the drive, and click Advanced.
Use the settings to select which SCSI, IDE, or SATA device identifier to use for the drive. For example, if you
select SCSI 0:2, the guest operating system detects the drive as ID 2 on controller 0. You can select the IDE,
SCSI, or SATA node options regardless of the physical device type. For example, if the physical drive is an
IDE device, you can select a SCSI node. In this case, the virtual machine detects the drive as a SCSI device.
If you select the Legacy emulation setting, the virtual hardware works as it did in an earlier release of
Workstation Player. By default, Workstation Player attempts to make the advanced features of your drive
available, but sometimes this setting might cause the drive to not work with the virtual machine. Selecting
the Legacy emulation setting reverts Workstation Player to the previous emulation mode for the drive.
Legacy emulation is helpful for troubleshooting purposes.
Configuring Floppy Drive Settings
You can configure when a floppy drive is connected to a virtual machine, whether to use a specific drive or
allow Workstation Player to detect a drive, and whether to use an disk drive image file instead of a physical
drive.
To configure floppy drive settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select the floppy drive.
136
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 15 Configuring Virtual Machine Hardware Settings
Table 15‑4. Floppy Drive Settings
Setting
Description
Connected
Connect the drive or floppy image file while the virtual machine is running.
Connect at power on
Connect the floppy drive when you power on the virtual machine.
Use a physical drive
Select a specific floppy drive or select Auto detect to allow Workstation Player to
detect a drive to use.
Use a floppy image file
Create or browse to a floppy image (.img or .flp) file. Select Read only to
prevent changes from being made to the file.
To disable or enable access to a floppy drive while a virtual machine is running, select the virtual machine,
select Player > Removable Devices > Floppy, and select Disconnect or Connect.
Configuring Virtual Network Adapter Settings
You can configure when a virtual network adapter is connected to a virtual machine and the type of network
connection that the adapter provides.
To configure virtual network adapter settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage >
Virtual Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select the virtual network adapter.
n
Configuring Virtual Network Adapter Device Status Settings on page 137
Device status settings control when a virtual network adapter is connected to a virtual machine.
n
Configuring Bridged Networking on page 138
When you configure bridged networking, the virtual machine uses physical network adapters on the
host system to connect a network.
n
Configuring Network Address Translation on page 138
When you configure Network Address Translation (NAT), the virtual machine shares the IP address
and MAC address of the host system.
n
Configuring Host-Only Networking on page 139
When you configure host-only networking, Workstation Player creates a virtual private network
(VPN) connection between the virtual machine and the host system.
n
Configuring LAN Segments on page 139
When you select a LAN segment, the virtual machine uses a private network that can be shared with
other virtual machines. LAN segments are useful for multitier testing, network performance analysis,
and situations where virtual machine isolation are important.
n
Configuring Virtual Network Adapter Advanced Settings on page 139
You can use the advanced virtual network adapter settings to limit the bandwidth and specify the
acceptable packet loss percentage for incoming and outgoing data transfers.
Configuring Virtual Network Adapter Device Status Settings
Device status settings control when a virtual network adapter is connected to a virtual machine.
To configure virtual network adapter device status settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player >
Manage > Virtual Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select the virtual network adapter.
Table 15‑5. Device Status Settings
Setting
Description
Connected
Connect the virtual network adapter while the virtual machine is running.
Connect at power on
Connect the virtual network adapter when you power on the virtual machine.
VMware, Inc.
137
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Configuring Bridged Networking
When you configure bridged networking, the virtual machine uses physical network adapters on the host
system to connect a network.
If the host system is on a network, bridged networking is often the easiest way to give a virtual machine
access to that network.
With bridged networking, the virtual machine appears as an additional computer on the same physical
Ethernet network as the host system. The virtual machine can transparently use the services available on the
network, including file servers, printers, and gateways. Physical hosts and other virtual machines
configured with bridged networking can also use the resources of the virtual machine.
When you use bridged networking, the virtual machine must have its own identity on the network. For
example, on a TCP/IP network, the virtual machine must have its own IP address. Virtual machines
typically acquire an IP address and other network details from a DHCP server. In some configurations, you
might need to set the IP address and other details manually.
Users who boot multiple operating systems often assign the same address to all systems because they
assume that only one operating system will be running at the same time. If the host system is set up to boot
multiple operating systems and you run one or more of them in virtual machines, configure each operating
system with a unique network address.
When the Replicate physical connection state option is selected, the IP address is automatically renewed
when you move from one wired or wireless network to another. This setting is useful for virtual machines
than run on laptops or other mobile devices.
Changing Automatic Bridging Settings
When automatic bridging mode is configured, you can restrict the physical network adapters that a virtual
switch bridges to.
To change automatic bridging settings, select Player > Virtual Machine Settings > Network Adapter >
Configure Adapters, select the host network adapter(s) to automatically bridge, and click OK.
By default, a virtual switch bridges to all active network adapters on the host system when it is configured
for automatic bridging. The choice of which adapter to use is arbitrary.
To prevent a virtual switch from bridging to a particular physical network adapter, deselect the check box
for that host network adapter.
Configuring Network Address Translation
When you configure Network Address Translation (NAT), the virtual machine shares the IP address and
MAC address of the host system.
The virtual machine and the host system share the a single identity that is not visible outside the network.
The virtual machine does not have its own IP address. Instead, a separate private network is set up on the
host system and the virtual machine obtains an address on that network from the VMware virtual DHCP
server. The VMware NAT device passes network data between one or more virtual machines and the
external network. The VMware NAT device identifies incoming data packets that are intended for each
virtual machine and sends them to the correct destination.
With NAT, a virtual machine can use many standard protocols to connect to other machines on the external
network. For example, you can use HTTP to browse Web sites, FTP to transfer files, and Telnet to log in to
other systems. You can also connect to a TCP/IP network by using a Token Ring adapter on the host system.
138
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 15 Configuring Virtual Machine Hardware Settings
In the default configuration, systems on the external network cannot initiate connections to the virtual
machine. For example, the default configuration does not let you use the virtual machine as a Web server to
send Web pages to systems on the external network. This limitation protects the guest operating system
from being compromised before you can install security software.
By default, NAT is used when you use the New Virtual Machine wizard to create a virtual machine.
The virtual machine uses NAT to connect to the Internet or other TCP/IP network by using the networking
connection on the host system. NAT works with Ethernet, DSL, and phone modems. A separate private
network is set up on the host system. The virtual machine obtains an address on that network from the
VMware virtual DHCP server.
Configuring Host-Only Networking
When you configure host-only networking, Workstation Player creates a virtual private network (VPN)
connection between the virtual machine and the host system.
A VPN is typically not visible outside the host system. Multiple virtual machines configured with host-only
networking on the same host system are on the same network. The VMware DHCP server provides
addresses on the network.
If you install the proper routing or proxy software on the host system, you can establish a connection
between the host virtual network adapter and a physical network adapter on the host system. With this
configuration, you can connect the virtual machine to a Token Ring or other non-Ethernet network.
On Windows host systems, you can use host-only networking in combination with the Internet connection
sharing feature in Windows. With this combination, the virtual machine can use the dial-up networking
adapter on the host system or another connection to the Internet. See the Windows documentation for more
information on Internet connection sharing.
Configuring LAN Segments
When you select a LAN segment, the virtual machine uses a private network that can be shared with other
virtual machines. LAN segments are useful for multitier testing, network performance analysis, and
situations where virtual machine isolation are important.
If you add an existing virtual machine to a LAN segment, the virtual machine might be configured to expect
an IP address from a DHCP server. Unlike host-only and NAT networking, Workstation Player does not
provide a DHCP server for LAN segments. You must manually configure IP addressing for virtual machines
on a LAN segment. You can either configure a DHCP server on the LAN segment to allocate IP addresses, or
you can configure a fixed IP address for each virtual machine on the LAN segment.
You can click LAN Segments to create new LAN segments or delete and rename existing LAN segments.
Deleting a LAN segment disconnects all virtual network adapters that are configured for that LAN segment.
When you delete a LAN segment, you must manually configure its disconnected virtual network adapter to
reconnect the virtual machine to the network.
Configuring Virtual Network Adapter Advanced Settings
You can use the advanced virtual network adapter settings to limit the bandwidth and specify the acceptable
packet loss percentage for incoming and outgoing data transfers.
To configure advanced virtual network adapter settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player >
Manage > Virtual Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, select the virtual network adapter, and click
Advanced.
VMware, Inc.
139
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Table 15‑6. Virtual Network Adapter Advanced Settings
Setting
Description
Bandwidth and Kbps
To limit incoming or outgoing data transfers to the data transfer rate for a
specific network connection type, select the network connection type from the
Bandwidth drop-down menu. The value in the Kbps text box changes to the
data transfer rate, in kilobits per second, of the network connection type that you
select. For example, if you select Leased Line T1 (1.544 Mbps), the value in the
Kbps text box changes to 1544.
To limit incoming or outgoing data transfers to a specific data transfer rate,
select Custom and type the data transfer rate in kilobits per second in the Kbps
text box.
The default bandwidth setting for both incoming and outgoing data transfers is
Unlimited.
Packet Loss (%)
The acceptable packet loss percentage for incoming or outgoing data transfers.
The default setting is 0.0%.
MAC Address
To assign a new MAC address to the network adapter, either type a new address
in this text box or click Generate to have Workstation Player generate a new
address.
Configuring USB Controller Settings
You can configure whether a USB controller supports isochronous USB and Bluetooth devices, when to
connect new USB devices to the host system, and whether human interface devices (HIDs) appear in the
Removable Devices menu.
To configure USB controller settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual
Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, and click USB Controller.
Table 15‑7. USB Controller Settings
Setting
Description
USB Compatibility
Selecting USB 2.0 or 3.0 enables support for isochronous USB
devices, including Web cams, speakers, and microphones.
Automatically connect new USB devices
Connect new USB devices to the virtual machine. If this setting is
not selected, new USB devices are connected only to the host
system.
Show all USB input devices
Human interface devices (HIDs), such as USB 1.1 and 2.0 mouse
and keyboard devices, appear in the Removable Devices menu.
Icons for HIDs appear in the status bar. An HID that is connected
to the guest operating system is not available to the host system.
The virtual machine must be powered off when you change this
setting.
Share Bluetooth devices with the virtual machine
Enable support for Bluetooth devices.
To connect or disconnect USB devices while a virtual machine is running, select the virtual machine and
select Player > Removable Devices. With the two-port USB controller, you can connect to both USB 1.1 and
USB 2.0 devices.
Important Before you unplug a USB device or select a removable device to disconnect a USB device from
a virtual machine, follow the device manufacturer's procedures for safely unplugging the device from a
physical computer.
140
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 15 Configuring Virtual Machine Hardware Settings
Configuring Sound Card Settings
You can configure when a sound card is connected to a virtual machine. You can also configure whether a
virtual machine uses a specific sound card or the default sound card in the host system.
To configure sound card settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Hardware tab, and click Sound Card.
Table 15‑8. Sound Card Settings
Setting
Description
Connected
Connect the sound device while the virtual machine is running.
Connect at power on
Connect the sound device when you power on the virtual machine.
Use default host sound card
Make the virtual machine use the default sound card in the host system.
Specify host sound card
(Windows hosts only) Select a specific host sound card for the virtual machine to
use.
Use physical sound card
(Linux hosts only) Select a specific host sound card to for the virtual machine to
use.
Enable Echo Cancellation
Enable echo cancellation for the sound card.
Configuring Parallel Port Settings
You can configure when a parallel port is connected to a virtual machine and whether to send output to a
physical port or to a file on the host system.
To configure parallel port settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select the parallel port.
Table 15‑9. Parallel Port Settings
Setting
Description
Connected
Connect the port while the virtual machine is running.
Connect at power on
Connect the port when you power on the virtual machine.
If the guest operating system cannot access the parallel port device when
you power on the virtual machine, deselect this setting. You can use the
Removable Devices menu to enable access to the parallel port after the
virtual machine is powered on.
Use a physical parallel port
Select a host parallel port for the virtual machine to use.
Use output file
Send output from the virtual parallel port to a file on the host system.
Either locate an existing output file or browse to a directory and type a
filename to create a new output file.
Configuring Serial Port Settings
You can configure when a serial port is connected to a virtual machine. You can also configure whether to
send output to a physical port or to a file on the host system, set up a direct connection between two virtual
machines, and specify whether the guest operating system uses the port in polled mode.
To configure serial port settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select the serial port.
VMware, Inc.
141
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Table 15‑10. Serial Port Settings
Setting
Description
Connected
Connect the port while the virtual machine is running.
Connect at power on
Connect the port when you power on the virtual machine.
Use a physical serial port
Select a host serial port.
Use output file
Send output from the virtual serial port to a file on the host system.
Either locate an existing output file or navigate to the desired
directory and type a filename for the file to create.
Use named pipe or Use socket (named pipe)
Set up a direct connection between two virtual machines or a
connection between a virtual machine and an application on the host
system.
(Windows hosts) Use the default pipe name, or enter another pipe
name. The pipe name must begin with \\.\pipe\ and must be the
same on both the server and the client. For example:
\\.\pipe\\ namedpipe
Yield CPU on poll
The guest operating system uses the port in polled mode rather than
interrupt mode. It yields processor time if its only task is to poll the
virtual serial port.
If the guest operating system uses the serial port in interrupt mode,
do not select this setting.
Note This setting is useful for developers who are using debugging
tools that communicate over a serial connection. Selecting this setting
can improve performance when the guest operating system uses the
serial port in polled mode.
Configuring Generic SCSI Device Settings
You can configure when a generic SCSI device is connected to a virtual machine, specify the physical SCSI
device to connect to on the host system, and select the SCSI identifier to use for the drive.
To configure generic SCSI device settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual
Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select the generic SCSI device.
Table 15‑11. Generic SCSI Device Settings
Setting
Description
Connected
Connect the device while the virtual machine is running.
Connect at power on
Connect the device when you power on the virtual machine.
Specify the physical SCSI device to connect to
Select a host SCSI device.
(Windows hosts) Select a device. The menu shows the SCSI
devices that are available on the host system.
(Linux hosts) Type the name of the /dev/sg entry for the device
to install in the virtual machine. For example, if the device is
named sga, type /dev/sga.
Virtual device node
Select the SCSI device identifier to use for the drive. For
example, if you select SCSI 0:2, the guest operating system sees
the drive as ID 2 on controller 0.
The virtual machine must be powered off when you change this
setting.
Note For specific Windows guest operating systems, you might need to perform additional configuration
steps to use a generic SCSI device.
142
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 15 Configuring Virtual Machine Hardware Settings
Configuring Printer Settings
You can configure when a printer is connected to a virtual machine.
To configure printer settings for a selected virtual machine, select Player > Manage > Virtual Machine
Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select Printer.
Table 15‑12. Printer Settings
Setting
Description
Connected
Connect the printer while the virtual machine is running.
Connect at power on
Connect the printer when you power on the virtual machine.
Configuring Display Settings
You can specify monitor resolution settings, configure multiple monitors, and select accelerated graphics
capabilities for a virtual machine.
To configure display settings for a virtual machine, select the virtual machine, select Player > Manage >
Virtual Machine Settings, click the Hardware tab, and select Display.
Table 15‑13. Display Settings
Setting
Description
Accelerate 3D graphics
Select this setting if you run applications that use DirectX 9 or DirectX 10
accelerated graphics. Accelerated graphics capabilities apply to Windows
XP or later guests on hosts running Windows or Linux.
The virtual machine must be a Player 3.x or later virtual machine and
must have the latest VMware Tools installed.
Use host setting for monitors
When you select this setting, the SVGA driver uses two monitors, a
maximum bounding box width of 3840, and a maximum bounding box
height of 1920. The virtual machine is configured to have a minimum of
two 1920x1200 monitors, in a side-by-side topology, in both normal and
rotated orientations. If the host system has more than two monitors, the
virtual machine uses the number of monitors on the host system instead.
If the host system's bounding box is wider or taller than the defaults, the
virtual machine uses the larger size. You should select this setting in most
cases.
Specify monitor settings
Set the number of monitors that the virtual machine will see, regardless of
the number of monitors on the host system. This setting is useful if you
use a multimonitor host system and you need to test in a virtual machine
that has only one monitor. It is also useful if you are developing a
multimonitor application in a virtual machine and the host system has
only one monitor. After you power on the virtual machine, the guest
operating system sees the number of monitors that you specified. Select a
resolution from the list or type a setting that has the format width x height,
where width and height are the number of pixels.
Graphics memory
Select the maximum amount of guest memory that can be used for
graphics memory using the drop down menu. The default value of video
memory varies by guest OS.
Display Scaling
Enables display scaling for the virtual machine display. The user interface
is automatically adjusted when the display changes.
VMware, Inc.
143
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
Installing a Guest Operating System on a Physical Disk or Unused
Partition
You can install a guest operating system directly on a physical disk or unused partition on the host system.
A physical disk directly accesses an existing local disk or partition. You can use physical disks to run one or
more guest operating systems from existing disk partitions.
Workstation Player supports physical disks up to 2 TB capacity. Booting from an operating system already
set up on an existing SCSI disk or partition is not supported.
Running an operating system natively on the host system and switching to running it inside a virtual
machine is similar to pulling the hard drive out of one computer and installing it in a second computer that
has a different motherboard and hardware. The steps you take depend on the guest operating system in the
virtual machine. In most cases, a guest operating system that is installed on a physical disk or unused
partition cannot boot outside of the virtual machine, even though the data is available to the host system.
See the Dual-Boot Computers and Virtual Machines technical note on the VMware Web site for information
about using an operating system that can also boot outside of a virtual machine.
After you configure a virtual machine to use one or more partitions on a physical disk, do not modify the
partition tables by running fdisk or a similar utility in the guest operating system. If you use fdisk or a
similar utility on the host operating system to modify the partition table of the physical disk, you must
recreate the virtual machine physical disk. All files that were on the physical disk are lost when you modify
the partition table.
Important You cannot use a physical disk to share files between the host system and a guest operating
system. Making the same partition visible to both the host system and a guest operating system can cause
data corruption. Instead, use shared folder to share files between the host system and a guest operating
system.
144
VMware, Inc.
Index
A
accelerated 3D graphics
preparing a virtual machine 83
preparing the host system 82
using 82
acceleration, disabling 88
application shortcuts, creating in Unity mode 62
Autologon, configuring 56
automatic bridging settings 138
B
bandwidth 139
battery information 61
bridged networking
assigning IP addresses 117
configuring 117, 118
C
CD-ROM drives
adding 89
configuring 89
configuring legacy emulation mode 91
close behavior, configuring 57
close behavior preference settings 25
compatible virtual machines and system
images 14
configuring virtual machines 79
copy and paste feature
restrictions 22
using 22
copy virtual machine 84
CPUs, host requirements 11
Ctrl+Alt, using in a key combination 106
Ctrl+Alt+Delete 55
Ctrl+Alt+Ins 55
D
deleting virtual machines 87
devices, configuring and managing 89
disk drives, host requirements 13
disk node and mode settings 135
display settings, configuring 59
displays
changing 59
changing settings 143
host requirements 12
VMware, Inc.
drag-and-drop feature
restrictions 21
using 21
DVD drives
adding 89
configuring 89
configuring legacy emulation mode 91
E
Easy Install, responding to prompts 32, 36
ECR errors, troubleshooting 100
email collection 23
encrypted virtual machines 54
enhanced virtual keyboard, installing the
driver 106
F
floppy drives
adding 90
configuring 89
FreeBSD guest operating system, VMware Tools
installation or upgrade (tar installer) 49
full screen mode 60
G
general option settings 123
generic SCSI devices
adding 102
configuring 102
troubleshooting detection problems 102
glossary 9
guest operating systems
changing 80, 124
installing manually 37
selecting 32
supported 14, 32
H
hardware
adding to virtual machines 129
customizing 35
removing from virtual machines 130
hardware settings, modifying 112
host-only networking 139
host-only networks, configuring 119
human interface devices, connecting 66
145
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
I
N
IDE drives, host requirements 13
importing virtual machines 38
installation properties 19
installing 17
installing VMware Tools
FreeBSD (tar installer) 49
Linux (tar installer) 45
Microsoft Windows 44
NetWare (tar installer) 47
process overview 41
Solaris (tar installer) 48
installing Workstation Player
unattended installation on Windows host 18
Windows host 17
intended audience 9
naming virtual machines 124
NAT, configuring 118, 138
NetWare guest operating system, VMware Tools
installation or upgrade (tar installer) 47
network type of a virtual machine, finding 120
networking components, understanding 115
networking configurations
changing 120
common 116
New Virtual Machine wizard 31, 35
K
key code mappings, configuring 108
key mappings, changing 108
keyboard features, configuring 105
keysyms
defined 107
mapping 108
L
LAN segments 139
license key 23
Linux guest, VMware Tools installation or
upgrade (tar installer) 45
local area networking, host requirements 13
lock files 98
M
managing virtual machines 79
mapped drives 76, 134
maximum virtual disk size 34
memory
host requirements 12
virtual machine allocation 14
memory allocation, changing 81
memory settings 131
message log, viewing 87
Microsoft Windows guest operating system,
VMware Tools installation or
upgrade 44
monitor settings 143
monitors, using multiple 63
moving a virtual machines 84
moving virtual machines, considerations 85
multiple monitors 63
multiple monitors for one virtual machine 63
146
O
operating systems, host supported 12
optical drives supported in host 13
OVA format virtual machines 39
OVF format virtual machines 39
P
packet loss 139
parallel ports, configuring 99
PDAs, installing drivers 67
physical disks 144
power options, configuring 125
printers
changing settings 143
using host printers in a virtual machine 65, 68
processors
configuring 131
host requirements 11
supported in virtual machines 14
using a virtual machine that has more than
eight 104
R
RAM, host requirements 12
removable devices 65
REMOVE property values 19
removing virtual machines 22, 55
repairing VMware Tools installations 50
resetting a virtual machine 56
S
SATA drives 13
screen colors, setting for virtual machines 82
SCSI drives, host requirements 13
serial ports
changing the input speed 101
configuring 99, 100
shared folders
adding 71
changing 75
changing properties 75
configuring 73
VMware, Inc.
Index
disabling 76
mounting 74
supported guest operating systems 72
using 71
using permissions to restrict access 72
viewing in Windows 74
silent installation, Windows host 18
smart cards
disabling sharing 70
using in virtual machines 68, 69
software updates
automatic 27
configuring 26
configuring a proxy server 26
software update preferences, configuring 43
Solaris guest operating system, VMware Tools
installation or upgrade (tar installer) 48
solid-state drives 13
sound, configuring 81, 83, 84
sound cards 141
SSD 13
starting virtual machines 53
stopping virtual machines 53
suspending virtual machines 55
system data 27
system requirements, host system 11
T
tar installer 45
time synchronization 126
transferring files and text 21
U
unattended installation
installation properties 19
REMOVE property values 19
uninstalling, Windows host 23
uninstalling VMware Tools 50
Unity mode, setting preferences 62
Unity mode features 61
Unity mode options 126
updated information 7
upgrading VMware Tools
FreeBSD (tar installer) 49
Linux (tar installer) 45
Microsoft Windows 44
NetWare (tar installer) 47
process overview 42
Solaris (tar installer) 48
usage statistics 27
USB controller
adding 92
configuring 91
VMware, Inc.
USB devices
connecting 66
disabling autoconnect 66
enabling high-speed support for USB 2.0 or
3.0 92
installing drivers 66
understanding device control sharing 67
USB controller settings 140
User Experience Improvement Program 28
UUIDs
configuring 87
using 86
V
v-scan codes 109
video, configuring 81
virtual disks
allocating disk space 34
changing settings 132
compacting 134
defragmenting 133
disconnecting from the host 77, 135
expanding 133
mapping and mounting 76, 134
SSD 13
virtual machines
changing names 79
configuring for compatibility 86
creating 31
deleting 87
installing software 88
moving 84
shutting down 54
specifications 14
starting 53
understanding 31
virtual networks, configuring 115
virtual appliances 22, 54
virtual disk
bus type 34
controller type 34
maximum size 34
optimize behavior 13
virtual disk capacity 34
virtual hard disks
adding 94, 96
compacting 96
configuring 93
defragmenting 97
expanding 96
growing and allocating storage space 94
moving 98
147
Using VMware Workstation Player for Windows
removing 98
setting up as IDE or SCSI 94
virtual machine directory, changing 80
virtual machine files, specifying in the New
Virtual Machine wizard 33
virtual machine options 123
virtual machines directory 33
virtual network adapter, changing 121
virtual network adapters
adding 120
configuring 137
connection settings 137
virtual printing 26
virtual symmetric multiprocessing,
configuring 104
VIX API 87
VMnet
virtual network 115
virtual switch 115
VMware Tools
configuring updates for virtual machines 126
installing 44
updating on a specific virtual machine 44
using 41
VMware Tools installation
FreeBSD (tar installer) 49
Linux (tar installer) 45
Microsoft Windows 44
NetWare (tar installer) 47
process 41
Solaris (tar installer) 48
VMware Tools upgrade
FreeBSD (tar installer) 49
Linux (tar installer) 45
Microsoft Windows 44
NetWare (tar installer) 47
process 42
Solaris (tar installer) 48
vmware-user, starting manually 50
X
X server and keyboard mapping 107
x-key codes, defined 107
xFree86 and keyboard mapping 107
W
Windows Virtual PC virtual machines 39
Windows XP Mode virtual machine,
importing 38
working directory, changing 80
working directory for virtual machine files 124
worksheet, typical virtual machine 35
Workstation Player, start 20
Workstation Player window 20
Workstation Player email collection 23
Workstation Player preference settings 25
148
VMware, Inc.
Download PDF
Similar pages