MDI-118 Series
MDI-112 Series
User’s Manual
Version 1.1
Industrial Managed
Ethernet Switch
1
Copyright Notice
Copyright  2013 Westermo Teleindustri AB
All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any form or by any means without permission is prohibited.
2
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his
expense.
The user is cautioned that changes and modifications made to the equipment
without approval of the manufacturer could void the user’s authority to operate this
equipment.
3
Index
1
2
3
4
Introduction ...........................................................................................................2
1.1
Overview .................................................................................................... 2
1.2
Major Features ........................................................................................... 2
1.3
Package List ................................................................................................ 3
Hardware Installation .............................................................................................4
2.1
Hardware Introduction .............................................................................. 4
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
Wiring Power Inputs .................................................................................. 6
Wiring Digital Output ................................................................................. 7
Wiring Earth Ground .................................................................................. 8
Wiring Fast Ethernet Ports ......................................................................... 8
Wiring Fiber Ports ...................................................................................... 9
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
Wiring Gigabit Combo Ports ...................................................................... 9
Wiring RS-232 Console Cable..................................................................... 9
DIN-Rail Mounting Installation ................................................................ 10
Wall Mounting Installation....................................................................... 12
2.11 Safety Warning ......................................................................................... 13
Preparation for Management ..............................................................................14
3.1
Preparation for Serial Console ................................................................. 14
3.2
Preparation for Web Interface ................................................................. 15
3.3
Preparation for Telnet Console ................................................................ 17
Feature Configuration ..........................................................................................20
4.1
Command Line Interface Introduction ..................................................... 21
4.2
Basic Setting ............................................................................................. 26
4.3
Port Configuration .................................................................................... 47
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
Network Redundancy............................................................................... 59
VLAN......................................................................................................... 76
Private VLAN ............................................................................................ 88
Traffic Prioritization .................................................................................. 95
Multicast Filtering .................................................................................. 103
SNMP...................................................................................................... 109
Security .................................................................................................. 113
Warning .................................................................................................. 128
Monitor and Diag ................................................................................... 140
4.13
4.14
Device Front Panel ................................................................................. 150
Save to Flash........................................................................................... 151
5
4.15 Logout .................................................................................................... 152
Appendix ............................................................................................................153
5.1
Pin Assignment of the RS-232 Console Cable ........................................ 153
5.2
Private MIB ............................................................................................. 154
5.3
ModBus TCP /IP...................................................................................... 155
5.4
Revision History...................................................................................... 170
1
1 Introduction
Welcome to Westermo i-line MDI-118/MDI-112 Series User Manual. Following
topics are covered in this chapter:
1.1 Overview
1.2 Major Features
1.3 Package Checklist
1.1
Overview
The MDI-118-F2G is equipped with 16 10/100TX Fast Ethernet ports and 2
1000Base-T/Gigabit SFP combo ports. The MDI-112-F4G is equipped with 8
10/100TX Fast Ethernet ports, 2 Gigabit SFP and 2 1000Base-T/Gigabit SFP
Combo ports. The SFP ports of the 2 models accept all types of Gigabit SFP
transceivers, including Gigabit SX, LX, LHX, ZX and XD for several connections
and distances.
The embedded software supports RSTP and Multiple Super Ring technology for
ring redundancy protection. Besides, the switch support full layer 2
management features, such as the VLAN, IGMP Snooping, LACP for network
control, SNMP, LLDP for network management. The secured access is protected
by Port Security, 802.1x and flexible Access Control List. The switch can work
with network management system which can draw the network topology,
automatically update ring and port status, remotely manage the switch or
monitor its status through LLDP and SNMP protocols. With the MDI-118/112
series you can fulfill the technicians’ needs of having the best solution for the
Ethernet networks.
1.2
Major Features
The following are the major features:
 MDI-118-F2G has 16 10/100-TX and 2 Gigabit RJ-45/SFP combo ports
(10/100/1000 Base-TX, 1000Base-X)
 MDI-112-F4G has 8 10/100-TX, 2 Gigabit SFP and 2 Gigabit RJ-45/SFP
combo ports (10/100/1000 Base-TX, 1000Base-X)
 Non-Blocking Switching Performance, high backplane single chip solution
 Multiple Super Ring pattern aggregates multiple rings within one unit

IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol for precise time synchronization
2








1.3
Jumbo Frame up to 9,216 byte
RSTP/STP, 256 802.1Q VLAN, QoS and up to 6/8 trunk groups
IGMP Snooping, GMRP Rate Control for multicast message management
LLDP for network topology live update
SNMP V1/V2c/V3, RMON for remote management
Works with Network Management Systems
Advanced Security supports IP/Port Security, 802.1x and Access Control List
Dual 12-48VDC power inputs
Package List
The product is shipped with following items:
The switch (no SFP transceivers)
Wall Mount Kit
Console Cable
Quick Installation Guide
Document CD
If any of the above items are missing or damaged, please contact your local sales
representative.
3
2 Hardware Installation
This chapter includes hardware introduction, installation and configuration
information.
Following topics are covered in this chapter:
2.1 Hardware Introduction
Dimension
Panel Layout
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
Bottom View
Wiring Power Inputs
Wiring Digital Input
Wiring Relay Output
Wiring Ethernet Ports
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
Wiring Combo Ports
Wiring RS-232 console cable
DIN-Rail Mounting Installation
Wall-Mounting Installation
2.10 Safety Warning
2.1
Hardware Introduction
LED
Diagnostic LED:
System: Power 1, Power 2, Ring Master (Green), Relay 1, Relay 2, Ring Failure
(Red)
10/100 RJ-45: Link (Green/Left), Activity (Yellow Blinking/Right)
1000Base-T RJ-45: 10/100/1000 Link (Green/Left), Full Duplex (Yellow/Right),
Activity (Green Blinking)
Gigabit SFP: Link/Activity (Green/Green Blinking)
Dimension
The switch dimension (W x H x D) is 137mm (H) x 96mm (W) x 129mm (D)
4
Figure of MDI-118-F2G
Figure of MDI-112-F4G
5
2.2
Wiring Power Inputs
DC Power Input
Follow below steps to wire the redundant DC power inputs.
1.
2.
Insert positive and negative wires into V+ and
V- contacts respectively of the terminal block
connector
Tighten the wire-clamp screws to prevent DC
wires from being loosened.
3.
Power 1 and Power 2 support power
redundancy and polarity reverse protection
functions.
4. Positive and negative power system inputs are
both accepted, but Power 1 and Power 2 must apply the same mode.
Note 1: It is a good practice to turn off input and load power, and to unplug
power terminal block before making wire connections. Otherwise, your
screwdriver blade can inadvertently short your terminal connections to the
grounded enclosure.
Note 2: The range of the suitable DC electric wire is from 12 to 24 AWG.
Note 3: If the 2 power inputs are connected, the switch will be powered from the
highest connected voltage. The unit will alarm for loss of power, either POWER1
or POWER2.
Note 4: Use a UL Listed Power supply with output rating 12-48VDC, minimum
1 A.
6
2.3
Wiring Digital Output
The switch provides two digital outputs, also known as Relay Output. The relay
contacts are energized (open) for normal operation and will close for fault
conditions. The fault conditions include power failure, Ethernet port link break or
other pre-defined events which can be configured in management UI.
The default (without power) state of the Digital Output is normal CLOSE state.
The ON/OFF states are controlled by software configuration.
Wiring digital output is exactly the same as wiring power input introduced in
chapter 2.2.
7
2.4
Wiring Earth Ground
To ensure the system will not be damaged by noise or any electrical shock, we
suggest you to make exact connection with switch with Earth Ground.
For DC input, loosen the earth ground screw using a screw driver; then tighten
the screw after earth ground wire is connected.
2.5
Wiring Fast Ethernet Ports
The Fast Ethernet ports support 10Base-T and 100Base-TX, full or half duplex
modes. All the Fast Ethernet ports will auto-detect the signal from connected
devices to negotiate the link speed and duplex mode. Auto MDI/MDIX allows
users to connect another switch, hub or workstation without changing straight
through or crossover cables.
Note that crossover cables simply cross-connect the transmit lines at each end to
the received lines at the opposite end.
Straight-through Cabling Schematic
Cross-over Cabling Schematic
Note that Ethernet cables use pins 1, 2, 3, and 6 of an 8-pin RJ-45 connector. The
signals of these pins are converted by the automatic MDI-X function, as shown in
the table below:
Pin MDI-X
Signals
MDI Signals
1
RD+
TD+
2
RD-
TD-
3
TD+
RD+
6
TD-
RD-
Connect one side of an Ethernet cable into any switch port and connect the other
side to your attached device. The LNK LED will light up when the cable is correctly
connected. Refer to the LED Indicators section for descriptions of each LED
indicator. Always make sure that the cables between the switches and attached
devices (e.g. switch, hub, or workstation) are less than 100 meters (328 feet).
The wiring cable types are as below.
8
10Base-T: 2-pair UTP/STP Cat. 3, 4, 5 cable, EIA/TIA-568 100-ohm (100m)
100 Base-TX: 2-pair UTP/STP Cat. 5 cable, EIA/TIA-568 100-ohm (100m)
1000 Base-TX: 4-pair UTP/STP Cat. 5 cable, EIA/TIA-568 100-ohm (100m)
2.6
Wiring Fiber Ports
Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP)
The SFP ports fulfill the SFP standard. To ensure the system reliability, it is
recommended to use the approved Gigabit SFP Transceiver. The web user
interface will show Unknown vendor type when choosing the SFP which is not
approved.
The way to connect the SFP transceiver is to Plug in SFP fiber transceiver fist.
Cross-connect the transmit channel at each end to the
receive channel at the opposite end as illustrated in the figure
below.
Note: This is a Class 1 Laser/LED product. Don’t look into the Laser/LED Beam.
2.7
Wiring Gigabit Combo Ports
The switch includes RJ-45 Gigabit Combo ports. The speed of the Gigabit
Ethernet copper port supports 10Base-T, 100Base-TX and 1000Base-TX. The
speed of the SFP port supports 1000Full Duplex.
2.8
Wiring RS-232 Console Cable
The switch attaches one RS-232 DB-9 to RJ-45 cable in the box. Connect the RJ-45
connector to the COM port of your PC, open Terminal tool and set up serial
settings to 9600, N,8,1. (Baud Rate: 9600 / Parity: None / Data Bit: 8 / Stop Bit: 1)
Then you can access the CLI interface using console cable.
Note: If you have lost the cable, please contact your local sales or follow the pin
assignment to buy/make a new one. The pin assignment spec is listed in the
appendix.
9
2.9
DIN-Rail Mounting Installation
The DIN-Rail clip is already attached to the Switch when packaged. If the DIN-Rail
clip is not screwed on the Switch, follow the instructions and the figure below to
attach the DIN-Rail clip to the switch.
1. Use the screws to attach DIN-Rail clip to the real panel
2. To remove DIN-Rail clip, reverse step 1.
Follow the steps below to mount to the switch on a DIN-Rail track:
1.
First, insert the upper end of DIN-Rail clip into the back of the DIN-Rail track
from its upper side.
10
2.
Lightly push the bottom of DIN-Rail clip into the track.
3.
4.
Check if the DIN-Rail clip is tightly attached to the track.
To remove the switch from the track, reverse the steps above.
11
2.10 Wall Mounting Installation
Follow the steps below to install the switch with the wall mounting plate.
1. To remove the DIN-Rail clip from the switch, loosen the screws.
2. Place the wall mounting plate on the rear panel of the switch.
3. Use the screws to tighten the wall mounting plate onto the switch.
4. Use the hook holes at the corners of the wall mounting plate to hang the
switch onto the wall.
5. To remove the wall mounting plate, reverse the steps above.
Wall-Mounting plate and screws
12
2.11 Safety Warning
The Equipment intended for installation in a Restricted Access Location.
The warning test is provided in user manual. Below is the information:
”For tilslutning af de ovrige ledere, se medfolgende installationsvejledning”.
“Laite on liitettava suojamaadoitus-koskettimilla varustettuun pistorasiaan”
„Apparatet ma tilkoples jordet stikkontakt“
”Apparaten skall anslutas till jordat uttag”
13
3 Preparation for Management
The switches provides both in-band and out-band configuration methods. You
can configure the switch via RS232 console cable if you don’t attach your admin
PC to your network, or if you lose network connection to your switch. This is
so-called out-band management. It wouldn’t be affected by network
connectivity.
The in-band management means you can remotely manage the switch via the
network. You can choose Telnet or Web-based management. You just need to
know the device’s IP address and you can remotely connect to its embedded
HTTP web pages or Telnet console.
Should you forget the IP address, you can use WeDashboard to discover the
device, check its IP address or assign new IP address. The WeDashboard can
discover the device across the subnet.
Following topics are covered in this chapter:
3.1
Preparation for Serial Console
3.2
Preparation for Web Interface
3.3
3.1
Preparation for Telnet console
Preparation for Serial Console
In the package, there is one RS-232 DB-9 to DB-9/RJ-45 console cable. Please
attach RS-232 DB-9 connector to your PC COM port, connect the other end to
the Console port of the switch. If you lose/lost the cable, please follow the
console cable PIN assignment to find a new one or contact your closest
Westermo sales office. (Refer to the appendix).
1.
Go to Start -> Program -> Accessories -> Communication -> Hyper
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Terminal
Give a name to the new console connection.
Choose the COM name
Select correct serial settings. The serial settings of The switch are as
below:
Baud Rate: 9600 / Parity: None / Data Bit: 8 / Stop Bit: 1
After connected, you can see Switch login request.
Log into the switch. The default username is “admin”, password,
“westermo”.
14
Switch login: admin
Password:
MDI-118-F2G (version 1.4-20130910-12:15:46).
Switch>
3.2
Preparation for Web Interface
The switch provides HTTP Web Interface and Secured HTTPS Web Interface for
web management.
3.2.1 Web Interface
Web management page is developed by JAVA. It allows you to use a standard
web-browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer, or Mozilla Firefox, to
configure and/or log the switch from anywhere on the network.
Before you attempt to use the embedded web interface to manage switch
operation, verify that the switch is properly installed on your network and that
the PC on this network can access the switch via the web browser.
1. Verify that your network interface card (NIC) is operational, and that your
operating system supports TCP/IP protocol.
2. Wire DC power to the switch and connect your switch to your computer.
3. Make sure that the switch default IP address is 192.168.2.200.
4. Change your computer IP address to 192.168.2.2 or other IP address which
is located in the 192.168.2.x (Network Mask: 255.255.255.0) subnet.
5. Switch to DOS command mode and ping 192.168.2.200 to verify a normal
response time.
Launch the web browser and Login.
6. Launch the web browser (Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox) on the PC.
7. Type http://192.168.2.200 (or the IP address of the switch). And then
press Enter.
8. The login screen will appear next.
9. Type in the user name and the password. Default user name is admin and
password westermo.
10. Select Language type: English and Simplified Chinese.
15
Click on Enter or OK. The Welcome page of the web-based management
interface will then appear.
Once you enter the web-based management interface, you can freely change
the IP address to fit your network environment.
Note 1: Internet Explorer 5.0 or later versions do not allow Java applets to
open sockets by default. Users have to directly modify the browser settings to
selectively enable Java applets to use network ports.
Note 2: The Web UI connection session will be logged out automatically if you
don’t give any input after 30 seconds. After logged out, you should re-login and
type in the correct user name and password again.
16
3.2.2 Secured Web Interface
Web management page also provides secured management HTTPS login. All
the configuration commands will be secured.
Launch the web browser and log in.
1. Launch the web browser (Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox) on the PC.
2. Type https://192.168.2.200 (or the IP address of the switch). And then
press Enter.
3. The popup screen will appear and request you to trust the secured HTTPS
connection. Press Yes to trust it.
4.
The login screen will appear next.
5.
Key in the user name and the password. The default user name is admin
and password is westermo.
Press Enter or click on OK. The welcome page of the web-based
management interface will then appear.
Once you enter the web-based management interface, all the commands
you see are the same as what you see by HTTP login.
6.
7.
3.3
Preparation for Telnet Console
3.3.1 Telnet
The switch supports Telnet console. You can connect to the switch by Telnet
and the command lines are the same as what you see by RS-232 console port.
Below are the steps to open a Telnet connection to the switch.
1. Go to Start -> Run -> cmd. And then press Enter
2. Type Telnet 192.168.2.200 (or the IP address of the switch). And then press
Enter
17
3.3.2 SSH (Secure Shell)
The switch also support SSH console. You can remotely connect to the switch
by command line interface. The SSH connection can secure all the configuration
commands you send to the switch.
When you wish to establish a SSH connection with the switch, you should
download the SSH client tool first.
SSH Client: There are many free, sharewares, trials or charged SSH clients you
can find on the internet. Fox example, PuTTY is a free and popular Telnet/SSH
client. We’ll use this tool to demonstrate how to login by SSH.
1. Open SSH Client/PuTTY
In the Session configuration, enter the Host Name (IP Address of the switch)
and Port number (default = 22). Choose the “SSH” protocol. Then click on
“Open” to start the SSH session console.
18
2. After click on Open, then you can see the cipher information in the popup
screen. Press Yes to accept the Security Alert.
3. After few seconds, the SSH connection is opened.
4. Type the Login Name and its Password. The default Login Name and
Password are admin / westermo.
5. All the commands you see in SSH are the same as the CLI commands you
see via RS-232 console. The next chapter will introduce in detail how to use
command line to configure the switch.
19
4 Feature Configuration
This chapter explains how to configure the software features. There are four
ways to access the switch: Serial console, Telnet/SSH, Web browser and SNMP.
Following topics are covered in this chapter:
4.1
Command Line Interface (CLI) Introduction
4.2
Basic Setting
4.3
Port Configuration
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
Network Redundancy
VLAN
Traffic Prioritization
Multicast Filtering
SNMP
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
Security
Warning
Monitor and Diagnose
Device Front Panel
4.13
4.14
Save
Logout
20
4.1
Command Line Interface Introduction
The Command Line Interface (CLI) is one of the user interfaces to the switch’s
embedded software system. You can view the system information, show the
status, configure the switch and receive a response back from the system by
typing in a command.
There are different command modes and each command mode has its own
access ability, available command lines and uses different command lines to enter
and exit. These modes are User EXEC, Privileged EXEC, Global Configuration and
(Port/VLAN) Interface Configuration modes.
User EXEC mode: As long as you log into the switch by CLI you are in the User
EXEC mode. You can ping, telnet remote device, and show some basic
information.
Type enable to enter the next mode, exit to logout. ? to see the command list
Switch>
enable
exit
list
ping
quit
show
telnet
traceroute
Turn on privileged mode command
Exit current mode and down to previous mode
Print command list
Send echo messages
Exit current mode and down to previous mode
Show running system information
Open a telnet connection
Trace route to destination
Privileged EXEC mode: Type enable in the User EXEC mode, then you can enter
the Privileged EXEC mode. In this mode, the system allows you to view current
configuration, reset default, reload switch, show system information, save
configuration and enter the global configuration mode.
Type configure terminal to enter next mode, exit to leave. ? to see the command
list
Switch#
archive
clear
clock
configure
copy
debug
disable
end
exit
list
more
no
ping
quit
reboot
reload
show
manage archive files
Reset functions
Configure time-of-day clock
Configuration from vty interface
Copy from one file to another
Debugging functions (see also 'undebug')
Turn off privileged mode command
End current mode and change to enable mode
Exit current mode and down to previous mode
Print command list
Display the contents of a file
Negate a command or set its defaults
Send echo messages
Exit current mode and down to previous mode
Reboot system
copy a default-config file to replace the current one
Show running system information
21
Global Configuration Mode: Type configure terminal in privileged EXEC mode
you will then enter global configuration mode. In global configuration mode, you
can configure all the features that the system provides you.
Type interface IFNAME/VLAN to enter interface configuration mode, exit to
leave. ? to see the command list.
Available command lists of global configuration mode.
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)#
access-list
Add an access list entry
administrator
Administrator account setting
arp
Set a static ARP entry
clock
Configure time-of-day clock
default
Set a command to its defaults
end
End current mode and change to enable mode
exit
Exit current mode and down to previous mode
gvrp
GARP VLAN Registration Protocol
hostname
Set system's network name
interface
Select an interface to configure
ip
IP information
lacp
Link Aggregation Control Protocol
list
Print command list
log
Logging control
mac
Global MAC configuration subcommands
mac-address-table
mac address table
mirror
Port mirroring
no
Negate a command or set its defaults
ntp
Configure NTP
password
Assign the terminal connection password
qos
Quality of Service (QoS)
relay
relay output type information
smtp-server
SMTP server configuration
snmp-server
SNMP server
spanning-tree
spanning tree algorithm
super-ring
super-ring protocol
trunk
Trunk group configuration
vlan
Virtual LAN
warning-event
Warning event selection
write-config
Specify config files to write to
(Port) Interface Configuration: Type interface IFNAME in global configuration
mode and you will then enter interface configuration mode, where you can
configure port settings.
The port interface name for Fast Ethernet port 1 is fa1,… Fast Ethernet 7 is fa7,
Gigabit Ethernet port 8 is gi8. Gigabit Ethernet port 10 is gi10. Type interface
name accordingly when you want to enter certain interface configuration mode.
Type exit to leave.
Type ? to see the command list
22
Available command lists of the global configuration mode.
Switch(config)# interface fa1
Switch(config-if)#
acceptable
Configure 802.1Q acceptable frame types of a port.
auto-negotiation
Enable auto-negotiation state of a given port
description
Interface specific description
duplex
Specify duplex mode of operation for a port
end
End current mode and change to enable mode
exit
Exit current mode and down to previous mode
flowcontrol
Set flow-control value for an interface
garp
General Attribute Registration Protocol
ingress
802.1Q ingress filtering features
lacp
Link Aggregation Control Protocol
list
Print command list
loopback
Specify loopback mode of operation for a port
mac
MAC interface commands
mdix
Enable mdix state of a given port
no
Negate a command or set its defaults
qos
Quality of Service (QoS)
quit
Exit current mode and down to previous mode
rate-limit
Rate limit configuration
shutdown
Shutdown the selected interface
spanning-tree
spanning-tree protocol
speed
Specify the speed of a Fast Ethernet port or a
Gigabit Ethernet port.
switchport
Set switching mode characteristics
(VLAN) Interface Configuration: Type interface VLAN VLAN-ID in global
configuration mode and you will then enter VLAN interface configuration mod,
where you can configure the settings for the specific VLAN.
The VLAN interface name of VLAN 1 is VLAN 1, VLAN 2 is VLAN 2…
Type exit to leave the mode. Type ? to see the available command list.
The command lists of the VLAN interface configuration mode.
Switch(config)# interface vlan 1
Switch(config-if)#
description
Interface specific description
end
End current mode and change to enable mode
exit
Exit current mode and down to previous mode
ip
Interface Internet Protocol config commands
list
Print command list
no
Negate a command or set its defaults
quit
Exit current mode and down to previous mode
shutdown
Shutdown the selected interface
23
Summary of the 5 command modes.
Command
Main Function
Enter and Exit Method
Prompt
This is the first level of access.
Enter: Login successfully
Switch>
User can ping, telnet remote
Exit: exit to logout.
device, and show some basic
Next mode: Type enable to
information
enter privileged EXEC mode.
Mode
User EXEC
Privileged
In this mode, the system allows Enter: Type enable in User
EXEC
you to view current
EXEC mode.
configuration, reset default,
Exec: Type disable to exit to
reload switch, show system
user EXEC mode.
information, save
Type exit to logout
Switch#
configuration…and enter global Next Mode: Type configure
configuration mode.
terminal to enter global
configuration command.
Global
In global configuration mode,
configuration you can configure all the
Enter: Type configure
Switch(config)#
terminal in privileged EXEC
features that the system
mode
provides you
Exit: Type exit or end or press
Ctrl-Z to exit.
Next mode: Type interface
IFNAME/ VLAN VID to enter
interface configuration mode
Port
In this mode, you can configure Enter: Type interface IFNAME Switch(config-if)#
Interface
port related settings.
configuration
in global configuration mode.
Exit: Type exit or Ctrl+Z to
global configuration mode.
Type end to privileged EXEC
mode.
VLAN Interface In this mode, you can configure Enter: Type interface VLAN
Configuration settings for specific VLAN.
Switch(config-vlan)#
VID in global configuration
mode.
Exit: Type exit or Ctrl+Z to
global configuration mode.
Type end to privileged EXEC
mode.
24
Here are some useful commands to see available commands. It can save time
when typing and avoid errors.
? To see all the available commands in this mode. It helps you to see the next
command you can/should type as well.
Switch(config)# interface (?)
IFNAME Interface's name
vlan
Select a vlan to configure
(Character)? To see all the available commands starts from this character.
Switch(config)# a?
access-list
Add an access list entry
administrator
Administrator account setting
arp
Set a static ARP entry
Tab
This tab key helps you to input the command quicker. If there is only one
available command in the next, clicking on tab key can help to finish typing soon.
Switch# co (tab) (tab)
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# ac (tab)
Switch(config)# access-list
Ctrl+C
Ctrl+S
Ctrl+Q
Ctrl+Z
To stop executing the unfinished command.
To lock the screen of the terminal. You can’t input any command.
To unlock the screen which is locked by Ctrl+S.
To exit configuration mode.
Alert message when multiple users want to configure the switch. If the
administrator is in configuration mode, then the Web users can’t change the
settings. The switch allows only one administrator to configure the switch at a
time.
25
4.2
Basic Setting
The Basic Setting group provides you to configure switch information, IP address
and user name/password of the system. It also allows you to do firmware
upgrade, backup and restore configuration, reload factory default, and reboot the
system.
Following commands are included in this section:
4.2.1 Switch Setting
4.2.2 Admin Password
4.2.3 IP Configuration
4.2.4 Time Setting
4.2.5 Jumbo Frame
4.2.6 DHCP Server
4.2.7 Backup and Restore
4.2.8 Firmware Upgrade
4.2.9 Factory Default
4.2.10 System Reboot
4.2.11 CLI Commands for Basic Setting
4.2.1 Switch Setting
You can assign System name, Location, Contact and view system information.
Figure 4.2.1.1 – Web UI of the Switch Setting
System Name: You can assign a name to the switch. The number of characters
you can input is 64. After you configure the name, CLI system will select the first
12 characters as the name in CLI system.
System Location: You can specify the switch’s physical location here. The number
of characters you can input are 64.
26
System Contact: You can specify contact people here. You can type the name,
mail address or other information of the administrator. The available characters
you can input are 64.
System OID: The SNMP object ID of the switch. You can follow the path to find its
private MIB in MIB browser.
Note: When you attempt to view private MIB, you should compile private MIB
files into your MIB browser first.
System Description: The name of this switch.
Firmware Version: Display the firmware version installed in this device.
MAC Address: Display unique hardware address (MAC address) assigned by the
manufacturer.
Once you finish the configuration, click on Apply to apply your settings.
Note: Always remember to select Save to save your settings. Otherwise, the
settings you made will be lost when the switch is powered off.
4.2.2 Admin Password
You can change the user name and the password here to enhance security
Figure 4.2.2.1 Web UI of the Admin Password
User name: You can type in a new user name here. The default setting is admin.
Password: You can type in a new password here. The default setting is
westermo.
Confirm Password: You need to type the new password again to confirm it.
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to apply your
configuration.
27
Figure 4.2.2.2 Popup alert window for Incorrect username.
4.2.3 IP Configuration
This function allows users to configure the switch’s IP address settings.
DHCP Client: You can select to Enable or Disable DHCP Client function. When
DHCP Client function is enabled, an IP address will be assigned to the switch from
the network’s DHCP server. In this mode, the default IP address will therefore be
replaced by the one assigned by DHCP server. If DHCP Client is disabled, then the
IP address that you specified will be used instead.
IP Address: You can assign the IP address reserved by your network for your
switch. If DHCP Client function is enabled, you don’t need to assign an IP address
to the switch, as it will be overwritten by DHCP server and shown here. The
default IP is 192.168.2.200.
Subnet Mask: You can assign the subnet mask for the IP address here. If DHCP
Client function is enabled, you don’t need to assign the subnet mask. The default
Subnet Mask is 255.255.255.0.
Note: In the CLI, we use the enabled bit of the subnet mask to represent the
number displayed in web UI. For example, 8 stands for 255.0.0.0; 16 stands for
255.255.0.0; 24 stands for 255.255.255.0.
Default Gateway: You can assign the gateway for the switch here. Note: In CLI,
we use 0.0.0.0/0 to represent for the default gateway.
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to apply your
configuration.
28
IPv6 Configuration –An IPv6 address is represented as eight groups of four
hexadecimal digits, each group representing 16 bits (two octets). The groups are
separated by colons (:), and the length of IPv6 address is 128bits.
An example of an IPv6 address is: 2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334.
The default IP address of the Managed Switch is fe80:0:0:0:212:77ff:fe60:ce8c,
and the Leading zeroes in a group may be omitted. Thus, the example address
may be written as: fe80:212:77ff:fe60:ce8c.
IPv6 Address field: typing new IPv6 address in this field.
Prefix: the size of subnet or network, and it equivalent to the subnet mask, but
written in different. The default subnet mask length is 64bits, and written in
decimal value - 64.
Add: after add new IPv6 address and prefix, don’t forget click icon -“Add” to
apply new address to system.
Remove: select existed IPv6 address and click icon -“Remove” to delete IP
address.
Reload: refresh and reload IPv6 address listing.
IPv6 Neighbor Table: shows the IPv6 address of neighbor, connected interface,
MAC address of remote IPv6 device, and current state of neighbor device.
The system will update IPv6 Neighbor Table automatically, and user also can click
the icon “Reload” to refresh the table.
29
4.2.4 Time Setting
Time Setting source allow user to set the time manually or via a NTP server.
Network Time Protocol (NTP) is used to synchronize computer clocks in the
network. You can configure NTP settings here to synchronize the clocks of several
switches on the network.
It also provides Daylight Saving Time function.
Manual Setting: User can select “Manual setting” to change time as user wants.
User can click the button “Get Time from PC” to get PC’s time setting for switch.
NTP client: Time Setting Source to NTP client to enable the NTP client service.
NTP client will be automatically enabled if you change Time source to NTP Client.
The system will send requests to acquire current time from the configured NTP
server.
IEEE 1588: Precision Time Protocol IEEE 1588 is a high-precision time protocol for
synchronization used in control system on a network.
To enable IEEE 1588, select Enable in PTP Status and choose Auto, Master or
Slave Mode. After time synchronized, the system time will display the correct
time of the PTP server.
Time-zone: Select the time zone where the switch is located. Following table lists
the time zones for different locations for your reference. The default time zone is
GMT Greenwich Mean Time.
30
Switch(config)# clock timezone
01 (GMT-12:00) Eniwetok, Kwajalein
02 (GMT-11:00) Midway Island, Samoa
03 (GMT-10:00) Hawaii
04 (GMT-09:00) Alaska
05 (GMT-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada) , Tijuana
06 (GMT-07:00) Arizona
07 (GMT-07:00) Mountain Time (US & Canada)
08 (GMT-06:00) Central America
09
10
11
12
13
(GMT-06:00) Central Time (US & Canada)
(GMT-06:00) Mexico City
(GMT-06:00) Saskatchewan
(GMT-05:00) Bogota, Lima, Quito
(GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)
14
15
16
17
(GMT-05:00) Indiana (East)
(GMT-04:00) Atlantic Time (Canada)
(GMT-04:00) Caracas, La Paz
(GMT-04:00) Santiago
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
(GMT-03:00) NewFoundland
(GMT-03:00) Brasilia
(GMT-03:00) Buenos Aires, Georgetown
(GMT-03:00) Greenland
(GMT-02:00) Mid-Atlantic
(GMT-01:00) Azores
(GMT-01:00) Cape Verde Is.
(GMT) Casablanca, Monrovia
(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time: Dublin, Edinburgh, Lisbon, London
(GMT+01:00) Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
(GMT+01:00) Belgrade, Bratislava, Budapest, Ljubljana, Prague
(GMT+01:00) Brussels, Copenhagen, Madrid, Paris
(GMT+01:00) Sarajevo, Skopje, Sofija, Vilnius, Warsaw, Zagreb
(GMT+01:00) West Central Africa
(GMT+02:00) Athens, Istanbul, Minsk
(GMT+02:00) Bucharest
(GMT+02:00) Cairo
(GMT+02:00) Harare, Pretoria
(GMT+02:00) Helsinki, Riga, Tallinn
37
(GMT+02:00) Jerusalem
31
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
(GMT+03:00) Baghdad
(GMT+03:00) Kuwait, Riyadh
(GMT+03:00) Moscow, St. Petersburg, Volgograd
(GMT+03:00) Nairobi
(GMT+03:30) Tehran
(GMT+04:00) Abu Dhabi, Muscat
(GMT+04:00) Baku, Tbilisi, Yerevan
(GMT+04:30) Kabul
(GMT+05:00) Ekaterinburg
47
48
49
50
51
(GMT+05:00) Islamabad, Karachi, Tashkent
(GMT+05:30) Calcutta, Chennai, Mumbai, New Delhi
(GMT+05:45) Kathmandu
(GMT+06:00) Almaty, Novosibirsk
(GMT+06:00) Astana, Dhaka
52
53
54
55
(GMT+06:00) Sri Jayawardenepura
(GMT+06:30) Rangoon
(GMT+07:00) Bangkok, Hanoi, Jakarta
(GMT+07:00) Krasnoyarsk
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
(GMT+08:00) Beijing, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Urumqi
(GMT+08:00) Irkutsk, Ulaan Bataar
(GMT+08:00) Kuala Lumpur, Singapore
(GMT+08:00) Perth
(GMT+08:00) Taipei
(GMT+09:00) Osaka, Sapporo, Tokyo
(GMT+09:00) Seoul
(GMT+09:00) Yakutsk
(GMT+09:30) Adelaide
(GMT+09:30) Darwin
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
(GMT+10:00) Brisbane
(GMT+10:00) Canberra, Melbourne, Sydney
(GMT+10:00) Guam, Port Moresby
(GMT+10:00) Hobart
(GMT+10:00) Vladivostok
(GMT+11:00) Magadan, Solomon Is., New Caledonia
(GMT+12:00) Aukland, Wellington
(GMT+12:00) Fiji, Kamchatka, Marshall Is.
(GMT+13:00) Nuku'alofa
32
Daylight Saving Time: Set when Enable Daylight Saving Time start and end,
during the Daylight Saving Time, the device’s time is one hour earlier than the
actual time.
Daylight Saving Start and Daylight Saving End: the functions allows user to
selects and apply the daylight saving start and end week by monthly basis.
Once you finish your configuration, click on Apply to apply your configuration.
4.2.5 Jumbo Frame
What is Jumbo Frame?
A typical Ethernet frame is range
from 64 to 1518 bytes. This is
sufficient for general usages. However,
when users want to transmit large
files, the files may be divided into
many small size packets. While the
transmitting speed becomes slow,
long size Jumbo frame can solve the
issue.
The switch allows you configure the
size of the MTU, Maximum Transmission Unit. The default value is 1,518bytes.
The maximum Jumbo Frame size is 9,216 bytes.
Once you finish your configuration, click on Apply to apply your configuration.
33
4.2.6 DHCP Server
You can select to Enable or Disable DHCP Server function. It will assign a new IP
address to link partners, and also supports DHCP server option 82 with
forwarding policy, and provides port-based DHCP server with IP address binding
feature.
DHCP Server configuration
After selecting to enable DHCP Server function, type in the Network IP address
for the DHCP server IP pool, Subnet Mask, Default Gateway address and Lease
Time for client.
Once you have finished the configuration, click Apply to apply your configuration
Excluded Address:
You can type a specific address into the IP Address field for the DHCP server
reserved IP address.
The IP address that is listed in the Excluded Address List Table will not be
assigned to the network device. Add or remove an IP address from the Excluded
Address List by clicking Add or Remove.
Manual Binding: the switch provides a MAC address and IP address binding and
34
removing function. You can type in the specified IP and MAC address, then click
Add to add a new MAC&IP address binding rule for a specified link partner, like
PLC or any device without DHCP client function. To remove from the binding list,
just select the rule to remove and click Remove.
Option 82 IP Address Configuration: the DHCP server with option 82 function
presented in latest firmware. This feature support fully DHCP relay function, and
allows user to configured relay circuit ID, Remote ID to compliant fully DHCP
option 82 function.
Port and IP Address (Port Based DHCP Server configuration): the Switch also
supports port-based DHCP server function. It allows user assign specified IP
address to specified port that DHCP client presented; and the DHCP server only
offer the predefined IP address to the DHCP client.
35
DHCP Leased Entries: the switch provides an assigned IP address list for user
check. It will show the MAC and IP address that was assigned by the switch. Click
the Reload button to refresh the listing.
DHCP Relay Agent
You can select to Enable or Disable DHCP relay agent function, and then select
the modification type of option 82 field, circuit ID, remote ID.
36
Relay policy drop: Drops the option 82 field and do not add any option 82 field.
Relay policy keep: Keeps the original option 82 field and forwards to server.
Relay policy replace: Replaces the existing option 82 field and adds new option
82 field. (This is the default setting)
Helper Address: there are 4 fields for the DHCP server’s IP address. You can filll
the field with prefered IP address of DHCP Server, and then click “Apply” to
activate the DHCP relay agent function. All the DHCP packets from client will be
modified by the policy and forwarded to DHCP server through the gateway port.
4.2.7 Backup and Restore
With Backup command, you can save current configuration file saved in the
switch’s flash to admin PC or TFTP server. This will allow you to go to Restore
command later to restore the configuration file back to the switch. Before you
restore the configuration file, you must place the backup configuration file in the
PC or TFTP server. The switch will then download this file back to the flash.
There are 2 modes for users to backup/restore the configuration file, Local File
mode and TFTP Server mode.
Local File mode: In this mode, the switch acts as the file server. Users can browse
the target folder and then type the file name to backup the configuration. Users
can also browse the target folder and select existed configuration file to restore
37
the configuration back to the switch. This mode is only provided by Web UI while
CLI is not supported.
TFTP Server mode: In this mode, the switch acts as TFTP client. Before you do so,
make sure that your TFTP server is ready. Then please type the IP address of TFTP
Server and Backup configuration file name. This mode can be used in both CLI
and Web UI.
TFTP Server IP Address: You need to key in the IP address of your TFTP Server
here.
Backup/Restore File Name: Please type the correct file name of the
configuration file.
Configuration File: The configuration file of the switch is a pure text file. You can
open it by word/txt read file. You can also modify the file, add/remove the
configuration settings, and then restore back to the switch.
Startup Configuration File: After you saved the running-config to flash, the new
settings will be kept and work after power cycle. You can use show startup-config
to view it in CLI. The Backup command can only backup such configuration file to
your PC or TFTP server.
Technical Tip:
Default Configuration File: The switch provides the default configuration file in the system.
You can use Reset button, Reload command to reset the system.
Running Configuration File: The CLI can show you the latest settings that are running on the
system. The information shown here are the settings you set up but haven’t saved to flash. The
settings not yet saved to flash will not work after power recycle. You can use show
running-config to view it in CLI.
Once you finish selecting and configuring the settings, click on Backup or Restore
to run
38
Click on Folder icon to select the target file you want to backup/restore.
Note that the folders of the path to the target file do not allow you to input space
key.
Type the IP address of TFTP Server IP. Then click on Backup/Restore.
Note: point to the wrong file will cause the entire configuration missed.
4.2.8 Firmware Upgrade
In this section, you can update the latest firmware for your switch. Westermo
provides the latest firmware in the web site. The new firmware may include new
features, bug fixes or other software changes. We’ll also provide the release
notes for the update as well. For technical viewpoint, we suggest you use the
latest firmware before installing the switch to the customer site.
Note that the system will be automatically rebooted after you finished
upgrading new firmware. Please remind the attached users before you do this.
39
There are 2 modes for users to backup/restore the configuration file, Local File
mode and TFTP Server mode.
Local File mode: In this mode, the switch acts as the file server. Users can browse
the target folder and then type the file name to backup the configuration. Users
also can browse the target folder and select the existed configuration file to
restore the configuration back to the switch. This mode is only provided by Web
UI while CLI is not supported.
TFTP Server mode: In this mode, the switch acts as the TFTP client. Before you do
so, make sure that your TFTP server is ready. And then please type the IP address
of TFTP Server IP address. This mode can be used in both CLI and Web UI.
TFTP Server IP Address: You need to key in the IP address of your TFTP Server
here.
Firmware File Name: The file name of the new firmware.
The UI also shows you the current firmware version and built date of current
firmware. Please check the version number after the switch is rebooted.
Click on Upgrade to start the process.
After finishing transmitting the firmware, the system will copy the firmware file
and replace the firmware in the flash. The CLI show “……” until the process is
finished.
4.2.9 Factory Default
In this section, you can reset all the configurations of the switch to default setting.
Click on Reset the system will then reset all configurations to default setting. The
system will show you popup message window after finishing this command.
Default setting will work after rebooting the switch.
Popup alert screen to confirm the command. Click on Yes to start it.
40
Popup message screen to show you that have done the command. Click on OK to
close the screen. Then please go to Reboot page to reboot the switch.
Click on OK. The system will then auto reboot the device.
Note: If you already configured the IP of your device to other IP address, when
you use this command by CLI and Web UI, our software will not reset the IP
address to default IP. The system will remain the IP address so that you can still
connect the switch via the network.
4.2.10 System Reboot
System Reboot allows you to reboot the device. Some of the feature changes
require you to reboot the system. Click on Reboot to reboot your device.
Note: Remember to click on Save button to save your settings. Otherwise, the
settings you made will be gone when the switch is powered off.
Pop-up alert screen to request confirmation. Click on Yes. Then the switch will be
rebooted immediately.
Pop-up message screen appears when rebooting the switch..
41
4.2.11 CLI Commands for Basic Setting
Feature
Command Line
Switch Setting
System Name
Switch(config)# hostname
WORD Network name of this system
Switch(config)# hostname SWITCH
SWITCH(config)#
System Location
SWITCH(config)# snmp-server location Sweden
System Contact
SWITCH(config)# snmp-server contact support@westermo.se
Display
SWITCH# show snmp-server name
SWITCH
SWITCH# show snmp-server location
Sweden
SWITCH# show snmp-server contact
support@westermo.se
SWITCH> show version
0.31-20061218
Switch# show hardware mac
MAC Address : 00:07:7c:e6:00:00
Admin Password
User Name and
Password
SWITCH(config)# administrator
NAME Administrator account name
SWITCH(config)# administrator super
PASSWORD Administrator account password
SWITCH(config)# administrator super super
Change administrator account super and password super
success.
42
Display
SWITCH# show administrator
Administrator account information
name: super
password: super
IP Configuration
IP Address/Mask
SWITCH(config)# int vlan 1
(192.168.2.8,
SWITCH(config-if)# ip
255.255.255.0
address
dhcp
SWITCH(config-if)# ip address 192.168.2.8/24
SWITCH(config-if)# ip dhcp client
SWITCH(config-if)# ip dhcp client renew
Gateway
SWITCH(config)# ip route 0.0.0.0/0 192.168.2.254/24
Remove Gateway
SWITCH(config)# no ip route 0.0.0.0/0 192.168.2.254/24
Display
SWITCH# show running-config
………
!
interface vlan1
ip address 192.168.2.8/24
no shutdown
!
ip route 0.0.0.0/0 192.168.2.254/24
!
Time Setting
NTP Server
SWITCH(config)# ntp peer
enable
disable
primary
secondary
SWITCH(config)# ntp peer primary
IPADDR
SWITCH(config)# ntp peer primary 192.168.2.200
Time Zone
SWITCH(config)# clock timezone 26
Sun Jan 1 04:13:24 2006 (GMT) Greenwich Mean Time: Dublin,
Edinburgh, Lisbon, London
Note: By typing clock timezone ?, you can see the timezone
list. Then choose the number of the timezone you want to
43
select.
IEEE 1588
Switch(config)# ptpd run
<cr>
preferred-clock Preferred Clock
slave
Display
Run as slave
SWITCH# sh ntp associations
Network time protocol
Status : Disabled
Primary peer : N/A
Secondary peer : N/A
SWITCH# show clock
Sun Jan 1 04:14:19 2006 (GMT) Greenwich Mean Time: Dublin,
Edinburgh, Lisbon, London
SWITCH# show clock timezone
clock timezone (26) (GMT) Greenwich Mean Time: Dublin,
Edinburgh, Lisbon, London
Switch# show ptpd
PTPd is enabled
Mode: Slave
Jumbo Frame
Jumbo Frame
Switch(config)# system mtu jumbo
<1500-9216>
Switch(config)# system mtu jumbo 9000
DHCP Server
DHCP Server
Enable DHCP Server on Switch
configuration
Switch#
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# router dhcp
Switch(config-dhcp)# service dhcp
Configure DHCP network address pool
Switch(config-dhcp)#network 192.168.17.0/24
-( network/mask)
44
Switch(config-dhcp)#default-router 192.168.17.254
Lease time configure
Switch(config-dhcp)#lease 300 (300 sec)
DHCP Relay Agent
Enable DHCP Relay Agent
Switch#
Switch# configure terminal
Switch(config)# router dhcp
Switch(config-dhcp)# service dhcp
Switch(config-dhcp)# ip dhcp relay information option
Enable DHCP Relay policy
Switch(config-dhcp)# ip dhcp relay information policy
replace
drop
Relay Policy
keep
Drop/Keep/Replace option82 field
replace
Show DHCP server
Switch# show ip dhcp server statistics
information
Switch# show ip dhcp server statistics
DHCP Server ON
Address Pool 1
network:192.168.17.0/24
default-router:192.168.17.254
lease time:300
Excluded Address List
IP Address
--------------(list excluded address)
Manual Binding List
IP Address
MAC Address
--------------- -------------(list IP & MAC binding entry)
Leased Address List
IP Address
MAC Address
Leased Time Remains
--------------- -------------- -------------------(list leased Time remain information for each entry)
Backup and Restore
Backup Startup
Switch# copy startup-config tftp:
Configuration file
192.168.2.33/default.conf
Writing Configuration [OK]
45
Note 1: To backup the latest startup configuration file,
you should save current settings to flash first. You can
refer to 4.12 to see how to save settings to the flash.
Note 2: 192.168.2.33 is the TFTP server’s IP and
default.conf is name of the configuration file. Your
environment may use different IP addresses or different
file name. Please type target TFTP server IP or file name
in this command.
Restore
Switch# copy tftp: 192.168.2.33/default.conf
Configuration
startup-config
Show Startup
Switch# show startup-config
Configuration
Show Running
Switch# show running-config
Configuration
Firmware Upgrade
Firmware Upgrade
Switch# archive download-sw /overwrite tftp 192.168.2.33
mdi-118.bin
Firmware upgrading, mdi-118.bin
Firmware upgrading
.......................................................
.........................
.......................................................
.........................
...........................
Firmware upgrade success!!
Rebooting.......
Factory Default
Factory Default
Switch# reload default-config file
Reload OK!
Switch# reboot
System Reboot
Reboot
Switch# reboot
46
4.3
Port Configuration
Port Configuration group enables you to enable/disable port state, or configure
port auto-negotiation, speed, and duplex, flow control, rate limit control and port
aggregation settings. It also allows you to view port status and aggregation
information.
Following commands are included in this section:
4.3.1
Port Control
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.3.4
4.3.5
4.3.6
Port Status
Rate Control
Storm Control
Port Trunking
Command Lines for Port Configuration
4.3.1 Port Control
Port Control commands allow you to enable/disable port state, or configure the
port auto-negotiation, speed, duplex and flow control.
Select the port you want to configure and make changes to the port.
In State column, you can enable or disable the state of this port. Once you
disable the port stop to link to the other end and stop to forward any traffic. The
default setting is Enable which means all the ports are workable when you
receive the device.
In Speed/Duplex column, you can configure port speed and duplex mode of this
port. Below are the selections you can choose:
Fast Ethernet Port: AutoNegotiation, 10M Full Duplex(10 Full), 10M Half
47
Duplex(10 Half), 100M Full Duplex(100 Full) and 100M Half Duplex(100 Half).
Gigabit Ethernet Port: AutoNegotiation, 10M Full Duplex(10 Full), 10M Half
Duplex(10 Half), 100M Full Duplex(100 Full), 100M Half Duplex(100 Half), 1000M
Full Duplex(1000 Full), 1000M Half Duplex(1000 Half).
The default mode is Auto Negotiation mode.
In Flow Control column, “Symmetric” means that you need to activate the flow
control function of the remote network device in order to let the flow control of
that corresponding port on the switch to work. “Disable” means that you don’t
need to activate the flow control function of the remote network device, as the
flow control of that corresponding port on the switch will work anyway.
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to save the configuration.
Technical Tips: If both ends are not at the same speed, they can’t link with each
other. If both ends are not in the same duplex mode, they will be connected by
half mode.
4.3.2 Port Status
Port Status shows you current port status.
The switch supports SFP fiber transceiver with Digital Diagnostic Monitoring
(DDM) function that provides real time information of SFP transceiver and allows
user to diagnostic the optical fiber signal received and launched.
The information of SFP DDM will listing on another table.
The description of the columns is as below:
Port: Port interface number.
Type: 100TX -> Fast Ethernet port. 1000TX -> Gigabit Ethernet port.
Link: Link status. Up -> Link UP. Down -> Link Down.
State: Enable -> State is enabled. Disable -> The port is disable/shutdown.
48
Speed/Duplex: Current working status of the port.
Flow Control: The state of the flow control.
SFP Vendor: Vendor name of the SFP transceiver you plugged.
Wavelength: The wave length of the SFP transceiver you plugged.
Distance: The distance of the SFP transceiver you plugged.
Reload: reload the all SFP port information.
Scan all: scan the SFP DDM transceiver and display the information.
Eject: Eject the SFP transceiver. You can eject one port or eject all by click the icon
“Eject All”.
Temperature: The temperature spcific and current detected of DDM SFP
transceiver.
Tx Power (dBm): The specification and current transmit power of DDM SFP
transceiver.
Rx Power (dBm): The specification and current received power of DDM SFP
transceiver.
Note: 1. Most of the SFP transceivers provide vendor information which
allows your switch to read it. The UI can display vendor name, wave
length and distance of all Westermo SFP transceiver family. If you see
Unknown info, it may mean that the vendor doesn’t provide their
information or that the information of their transceiver can’t be read.
2. if the plugged DDM SFP transceiver is not certified by Westermo, the
DDM function will not be supported. But the communication will not be
disabled.
4.3.3 Rate Control
Rate limiting is a form of flow control used to enforce a strict bandwidth limit at a
port. You can program separate transmit (Egress Rule) and receive (Ingress Rule)
rate limits at each port, and even apply the limit to certain packet types as
described below.
The figure below shows you the Limit Rate of Ingress and Egress. You can type
49
the volume in the blank. The volume of the switch is step by 8Kbps.
4.3.4 Storm Control
The Storm Control is similar to Rate Control. Rate Control filters all the traffic
over the threshold you configure in the User Interface. Storm Control allows user
to define the Rate for specific Packet Types.
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Packet type: You can assign the Rate for specific packet types based on packet
number per second. The packet types of the Ingress Rule listed here include
Broadcast, DLF (Destination Lookup Failure) and Multicast. Choose
Enable/Disable to enable or disable the storm control for a specific port.
Rate: This column allows you to manually assign the limit rate of the port. The
unit is packets per second. The limit range is from 1 to 262143 packets/sec, zero
means no limit. The maximum available value of Fast Ethernet interface is
148810 and is the maximum packet number of the 100M throughput.
Enter the Rate field of the port you want assign, type the new value and click
Enter key first. After assigned or changed the value for all the ports you want
configure. Click on Apply to apply the configuration of all ports. The Apply
command applied all the ports’ storm control value.
4.3.5 Port Trunking
Port Trunking configuration allows you to group multiple Ethernet ports and to
increase link bandwidth. The aggregated ports can be viewed as one physical port
so that the bandwidth is higher than merely one single Ethernet port. The
member ports of the same trunk group can balance the loading and backup for
each other. Port Trunking feature is usually used when you need higher
bandwidth for backbone network. This is an inexpensive way for you to transfer
more data.
There are some different descriptions for the port trunking. Different
manufacturers may use different descriptions for their products, like Link
Aggregation Group (LAG), Link Aggregation Control Protocol, Ethernet Trunk,
Ether Channel…etc. Most of the implementations now conform to IEEE standard,
802.3ad.
The aggregated ports can interconnect to the other switch which also supports
Port Trunking. The switch supports two types of port trunking. One is Static Trunk,
the other is 802.3ad. When the other end uses 802.3ad LACP, you should assign
802.3ad LACP to the trunk. When the other end uses non-802.3ad, you can then
use Static Trunk. In practical, the Static Trunk is suggested.
There are 2 configuration pages, Aggregation Setting and Aggregation Status.
51
Aggregation Setting
Trunk Size: The switch can support up to 8 trunk groups. Each trunk group can
support up to 8 member ports. Since the member ports should use same
speed/duplex, the maximum trunk size is decided by the port volume.
Group ID: Group ID is the ID for the port trunking group. Ports with same group
ID are in the same group. Click None, you can select the Trunk ID from Trunk 1 to
Trunk 8.
Trunk Type: Static and 802.3ad LACP. Each Trunk Group can only support Static or
802.3ad LACP. Choose the type you need here. The not active port can’t be setup
here.
Aggregation Status
This page shows the status of port aggregation. Once the aggregation ports are
negotiated well, you will see following status.
52
Group ID: Display Trunk id set up in Aggregation Setting.
Type: Static or LACP set up in Aggregation Setting.
Aggregated: When the LACP links is up, you can see the member ports in
Aggregated column.
Individual: When LACP is enabled, member ports of LACP group which are not
connected to correct LACP member ports will be displayed in the Individual
column.
Link Down: When LACP is enabled, member ports of LACP group which are not
linked up will be displayed in the Link Down column.
4.3.6 Command Lines for Port Configuration
Feature
Command Line
Port Control
Port Control –
Switch(config-if)# shutdown
State
Port1 Link Change to DOWN
-> Disable port state
interface fastethernet1 is shutdown now.
Switch(config-if)# no shutdown
-> Enable port state
Port1 Link Change to DOWN
Port1 Link Change to UP
interface fastethernet1 is up now.
Switch(config-if)# Port1 Link Change to UP
Switch(config)# sfp
ddm
Digital diagnostic and monitoring
eject
Eject SFP
scan
Scan SFP
Switch(config)# sfp ddm
enable
Enable DDM
disable
Disable DDM
Switch(config)# sfp ddm disable all  disable SFP DDM
function on all SFP port
Switch(config)# sfp eject all  eject all SFP transceiver
Example: Switch(config)# sfp eject all
SFP on Port 17 normally ejected.
SFP on Port 18 normally ejected.
All DDM SFP normally ejected.
53
Switch(config)# interface gigabitethernet10  eject port
10 SFP DDM transceiver.
Switch(config-if)# sfp ddm eject
DDM SFP on Port 10 normally ejected.
Port Control –
Switch(config)# interface fa1
Auto
Switch(config-if)# auto-negotiation
Negotiation
Auto-negotiation of port 1 is enabled!
Port Control –
Switch(config-if)# speed 100
Force
Port1 Link Change to DOWN
Speed/Duplex
set the speed mode ok!
Switch(config-if)# Port1 Link Change to UP
Switch(config-if)# duplex full
Port1 Link Change to DOWN
set the duplex mode ok!
Switch(config-if)# Port1 Link Change to UP
Port Control –
Switch(config-if)# flowcontrol on
Flow Control
Flowcontrol
on for port 1 set ok!
Switch(config-if)# flowcontrol off
Flow control
off for port 1 set ok!
Port Status
Port Status
Switch# show interface fa1
Interface fastethernet1
Administrative Status : Enable
Operating Status : Connected
Duplex : Full
Speed : 100
Flow Control :off
Default Port VLAN ID: 1
Ingress Filtering : Disabled
Acceptable Frame Type : All
Port Security : Disabled
Auto Negotiation : Disable
Loopback Mode : None
STP Status: forwarding
Default CoS Value for untagged packets is 0.
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Mdix mode is Disable.
Medium mode is Copper.
Switch# show sfp ddm
show SFP DDM information
Port 8
Temperature:N/A
Tx power:N/A
Rx power:N/A
Port 9
Temperature:64.00 C <range :0.0-80.00>
Tx power:-6.0 dBm <range : -9.0 - -4.0>
Rx power:-30.0 dBm <range: -30.0 - -4.0>
Port 10
Temperature:67.00 C <range :0.0-80.00>
Tx power:-6.0 dBm <range : -9.0 - -4.0>
Rx power:-2.0 dBm <range: -30.0 - -4.0>
Note: Administrative Status -> Port state of the port.
Operating status -> Current status of the port. Duplex ->
Duplex mode of the port. Speed -> Speed mode of the port.
Flow control -> Flow Control status of the port.
Rate Control
Rate Control –
Switch(config-if)# rate-limit
Ingress or
egress
Outgoing packets
Egress
ingress
Incoming packets
Note: To enable rate control, you should select the Ingress
or Egress rule first; then assign the packet type and
bandwidth.
Rate Control –
Switch(config-if)# rate-limit ingress mode
Filter Packet
all
Type
broadcast
Limit all frames
flooded-unicast
Limit Broadcast frames
Limit Broadcast, Multicast and flooded
unicast frames
multicast
Limit Broadcast and Multicast frames
Switch(config-if)# rate-limit ingress mode broadcast
Set the ingress limit mode broadcast ok.
Rate Control -
Switch(config-if)# rate-limit ingress bandwidth
55
Bandwidth
<0-100>
Limit in magabits per second (0 is no limit)
Switch(config-if)# rate-limit ingress bandwidth 8
Set the ingress rate limit 8Mbps for Port 1.
56
Storm Control
Strom
Switch(config-if)# storm-control
Control –
broadcast
Packet Type
dlf
Broadcast packets
Destination Lookup Failure
multicast
Storm Control
- Rate
Multicast packets
Switch(config-if)# storm-control broadcast
<0-262143>
Rate limit value 0~262143 packet/sec
Switch(config-if)# storm-control broadcast 10000
Enables rate limit for Broadcast packets for Port 13.
Switch(config-if)# storm-control multicast 10000
Enables rate limit for Multicast packets for Port 13.
Switch(config-if)# storm-control dlf 10000
Enables rate limit for Destination Lookup Failue packets
for Port 13.
Port Trunking
LACP
Switch(config)# lacp group 1 gi8-10
Group 1 based on LACP(802.3ad) is enabled!
Note: The interface list is fa1,fa3-5,gi8-10
Note: different speed port can’t be aggregated together.
Static Trunk
Switch(config)# trunk group 2 fa6-7
Trunk group 2 enable ok!
Display - LACP
Switch# show lacp internal
LACP group 1 internal information:
LACP Port
Port
Priority
Admin
Oper
Port
Key
Key
State
----- ----------- -------- -------- ------8
1
8
8
0x45
9
1
9
9
0x45
10
1
10
10
0x45
LACP group 2 is inactive
LACP group 3 is inactive
LACP group 4 is inactive
57
Display -
Switch# show trunk group 1
Trunk
FLAGS:
I -> Individual
P -> In channel
D -> Port Down
Trunk Group
GroupID
Protocol
Ports
--------+---------+-----------------------------------1
LACP
8(D) 9(D) 10(D)
Switch# show trunk group 2
FLAGS:
I -> Individual
P -> In channel
D -> Port Down
Trunk Group
GroupID
Protocol
Ports
--------+---------+-----------------------------------2
Static
6(D) 7(P)
Switch#
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4.4
Network Redundancy
The switch firmware supports standard RSTP, MSTP, Multiple Super Ring, Rapid
Dual Homing.
Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol(MSTP) is a direct extension of RSTP. It can
provide an independent spanning tree for different VLANs. It simplifies network
management, provides for even faster convergence than RSTP by limiting the size
of each region, and prevents VLAN members from being segmented from the rest
of the group (as sometimes occurs with IEEE 802.1D STP).
Multiple Super Ring (MSR) technology supports 0 milliseconds for restoration and
less than 300 milliseconds for failover.
Advanced Rapid Dual Homing (RDH) technology also facilitates the switch to
connect with a core managed switch easily and conveniently. With RDH
technology, you can also group several Rapid Super Rings or RSTP cloud together,
which is also known as Auto Ring Coupling.
Besides ring technology, the switch also supports 802.1D-2004 version Rapid
Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP). New version of RSTP standard includes
802.1D-1998 STP, 802.1w RSTP.
Following commands are included in this section:
4.4.1
STP Configuration
4.4.2
STP Port Configuration
4.4.3
STP Information
4.4.4
MSTP Configuration
4.4.5
MSTP Port Configuration
4.4.6
MSTP information
4.4.7
Multiple Super Ring
4.4.8
Multiple Super Ring Information
4.4.9
Command Lines for Network Redundancy
4.4.1 STP Configuration
This page allows select the STP mode and configuring the global STP/RSTP Bridge
Configuration.
The STP mode includes the STP, RSTP, MSTP and Disable. Please select the STP
mode for your system first. The default mode is RSTP enabled. After select the STP
or RSTP mode, continue to configure the global Bridge parameters for STP and RSTP.
After select the MSTP mode, please go to MSTP Configuration page.
Figure below shows the web page which allows you to select the STP mode,
configure the global STP/RSTP/MSTP settings.
59
RSTP
RSTP is the abbreviation of Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol. If a switch has more than
one path to a destination, it will lead to message loops that can generate broadcast
storms and quickly bog down a network. The spanning tree was created to combat
the negative effects of message loops in switched networks. A spanning tree uses a
spanning tree algorithm (STA) to automatically sense whether a switch has more
than one way to communicate with a node. It will then select the best path
(primary), and block the other path(s). It will also keep track of the blocked path(s)
in case the primary path fails. Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) introduced a standard
method to accomplish this. It is specified in IEEE 802.1D-1998. Later, Rapid
Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) was adopted and represents the evolution of STP,
providing much faster spanning tree convergence after a topology change. This is
specified in IEEE 802.1w. In 2004, 802.1w is included into 802.1D-2004 version. This
switch supports both RSTP and STP (all switches that support RSTP are also
backward compatible with switches that support only STP).
Bridge Configuration
Priority (0-61440): RSTP uses bridge ID to determine the root bridge, the bridge
with the highest bridge ID becomes the root bridge. The bridge ID is composed of
bridge priority and bridge MAC address. So that the bridge with the highest
priority becomes the highest bridge ID. If all the bridge ID has the same priority,
the bridge with the lowest MAC address will then become the root bridge.
Note: The bridge priority value must be in multiples of 4096. A device with a lower
number has a higher bridge priority. Ex: 4096 is higher than 32768.
60
Note: The Web GUI allows user select the priority number directly. This is the
convenience of the GUI design. When you configure the value through the CLI or
SNMP, you may need to type the value directly. Please follow the n x 4096 rules
for the Bridge Priority.
Max Age (6-40): Enter a value from 6 to 40 seconds here. This value represents the
time that a bridge will wait without receiving Spanning Tree Protocol configuration
messages before attempting to reconfigure.
If the managed Switch is not the root bridge, and if it has not received a hello
message from the root bridge in an amount of time equal to Max Age, then the
Managed Switch will reconfigure itself as a root bridge. Once two or more devices
on the network are recognized as a root bridge, the devices will renegotiate to set
up a new spanning tree topology.
The MAX Age value affects the maximum volume of the RSTP loop. In the RSTP
BPDU packet, there is one field, message age which start from 0, add 1 after
passed one hop in the RSTP loop. When the message age is larger than MAX Age,
the BPDU would be ignored and the lower switches are separated to different
RSTP domain. The switches in other RSTP domain can’t be managed through upper
switch.
Since different RSTP aware switches may have their own mechanism to calculate
the message age. So that this is most possibly occurred when interoperate
different vendors’ RSTP aware switches together. The maximum volume of the
RSTP domain is 23, configure the MAX Age lower than 23 is recommended.
Hello Time (1-10): Enter a value from 1 to 10 seconds here. This is a periodic timer
that drives the switch to send out BPDU (Bridge Protocol Data Unit) packet to
check current STP status.
The root bridge of the spanning tree topology periodically sends out a “hello”
message to other devices on the network to check if the topology is “healthy”. The
“hello time” is the amount of time the root has waited during sending hello
messages.
Forward Delay Time (4-30): Enter a value between 4 and 30 seconds. This value is
the time that a port waits before changing from Spanning Tree Protocol learning
and listening states to forwarding state.
This is the amount of time of the Managed Switch will wait before checking to see
if it should be changed to a different state.
Once you have completed your configuration, click on Apply to apply your
settings.
Note: You must observe the following rule to configure Hello Time, Forwarding
Delay, and Max Age parameter
× (Forward Delay Time – 1 sec) ≥ Max Age Time ≥ 2 × (Hello Time value + 1 sec)
4.4.2 STP Port Configuration
This page allows you to configure the port parameter after enabled STP or RSTP.
61
Port Configuration
Select the port you want to configure and you will be able to view current settings
and status of the port.
Path Cost: Enter a number between 1 and 200,000,000. This value represents the
“cost” of the path to the other bridge from the transmitting bridge at the specified
port.
Priority: Enter a value between 0 and 240, using multiples of 16. This is the value
that decides which port should be blocked by priority in a LAN.
Link Type: There are 3 link types for your selection-Auto, P2P and Share.
Some of the rapid state transitions that are possible within RSTP depend upon
whether the port of concern can only be connected to another bridge (i.e. it is
served by a point-to-point LAN segment), or if it can be connected to two or more
bridges (i.e. it is served by a shared-medium LAN segment). This function allows
link status of the link to be manipulated administratively. “Auto” means to auto
select P2P or Share mode. “P2P” means P2P is enabled; the 2 ends work in full
duplex mode. While “Share” is enabled, it means P2P is disabled; the 2 ends may
connect through a share media and work in half duplex mode.
Edge Port: A port directly connected to the end stations cannot create a bridging
loop in the network. To configure this port as an edge port, set the port to the
Enable state. When the non-bridge device connects an admin edge port, this port
will be in blocking state and turn to forwarding state in 4 seconds.
Once you finish your configuration, click on Apply to save your settings.
62
4.4.3 STP Information
This page allows you to see the information of the root switch and port status.
Root Information: You can see root Bridge ID, Root Priority, Root Port, Root Path
Cost and the Max Age, Hello Time and Forward Delay of BPDU sent from the root
switch.
Port Information: You can see port Role, Port State, Path Cost, Port Priority, Oper
P2P mode, Oper edge port mode and Aggregated (ID/Type).
4.4.4 MSTP (Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol) Configuration
MSTP is the abbreviation of Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol. This protocol is a
direct extension of RSTP. It can provide an independent spanning tree for
different VLANs. It simplifies network management, provides for even faster
convergence than RSTP by limiting the size of each region, and prevents VLAN
members from being segmented from the rest of the group (as sometimes occurs
63
with IEEE 802.1D STP).
While using MSTP, there are some new concepts of network architecture. A
switch may belong to different groups, act as root or designate switch, generate
BPDU for the network to maintain the forwarding table of the spanning tree.
With MSTP can also provide multiple forwarding paths and enable load balancing.
Understand the architecture allows you to maintain the correct spanning tree and
operate effectively.
One VLAN can be mapped to a Multiple Spanning Tree Instance (MSTI). For
example, the maximum Instance of the Managed Switch supports is usually 16,
range from 0-15. The MSTP builds a separate Multiple Spanning Tree (MST) for
each instance to maintain connectivity among each of the assigned VLAN groups.
An Internal Spanning Tree (IST) is used to connect all the MSTP switches within an
MST region. An MST Region may contain multiple MSTP Instances.
The figure shows there are 2 VLANs/MSTP Instances and each instance has its
Root and forwarding paths.
A Common Spanning Tree (CST) interconnects all adjuacent MST regions and acts
as a virtual bridge node for communications with STP or RSTP nodes in the global
network. MSTP connects all bridges and LAN segments with a single Common
and Internal Spanning Tree (CIST). The CIST is formed as a result of the running
spanning tree algorithm between switches that support the STP, RSTP, MSTP
protocols.
The figure shows the CST large network. In this network, a Region may has
different instances and its own forwarding path and table, however, it acts as a
single Bridge of CST.
64
To configure the MSTP setting, the STP Mode of the STP Configuration page
should be changed to MSTP mode first.
After enabled MSTP mode, then you can go to the MSTP Configuration pages.
MSTP Region Configuration
This page allows configure the Region Name and its Revision, mapping the VLAN
to Instance and check current MST Instance configuration. The network can be
divided virtually to different Regions. The switches within the Region should have
the same Region and Revision level.
Region Name: The name for the Region. Maximum length: 32 characters.
Revision: The revision for the Region. Range: 0-65535; Default: 0)
65
Once you finish your configuration, click on Apply to apply your settings.
New MST Instance
This page allows mapping the VLAN to Instance and assign priority to the instance.
Before mapping VLAN to Instance, you should create VLAN and assign the
member ports first. Please refer to the VLAN setting page.
Instance ID: Select the Instance ID, the available number is 1-15.
VLAN Group: Type the VLAN ID you want mapping to the instance.
Instance Priority: Assign the priority to the instance.
After finish your configuration, click on Add to apply your settings.
Current MST Instance Configuration
This page allows you to see the current MST Instance Configuration you added.
Click on “Apply” to apply the setting. You can “Remove” the instance or
“Reload“ the configuration display in this page.
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4.4.5 MSTP Port Configuration
This page allows configure the Port settings. Choose the Instance ID you want to
configure. The MSTP enabled and linked up ports within the instance will be
listed in this table.
Note that the ports not belonged to the Instance, or the ports not MSTP
activated will not display. The meaning of the Path Cost, Priority, Link Type and
Edge Port is the same as the definition of RSTP.
Path Cost: Enter a number between 1 and 200,000,000. This value represents the
“cost” of the path to the other bridge from the transmitting bridge at the
specified port.
Priority: Enter a value between 0 and 240, using multiples of 16. This is the value
that decides which port should be blocked by priority in a LAN.
Link Type: There are 3 types for you select. Auto, P2P and Share.
Some of the rapid state transitions that are possible within RSTP depend upon
whether the port of concern can only be connected to another bridge (i.e. it is
served by a point-to-point LAN segment), or if it can be connected to two or
more bridges (i.e. it is served by a shared-medium LAN segment). This function
allows link status of the link to be manipulated administratively. “Auto” means to
auto select P2P or Share mode. “P2P” means P2P is enabled, the 2 ends work in
Full duplex mode. While “Share” is enabled, it means P2P is disabled, the 2 ends
may connect through a share media and work in Half duplex mode.
Edge: A port directly connected to the end stations cannot create a bridging loop
in the network. To configure this port as an edge port, set the port to the Enable
state. When the non-bridge device connects an admin edge port, this port will be
67
in blocking state and turn to forwarding state in 4 seconds.
Once you finish your configuration, click on Apply to save your settings.
4.4.6 MSTP Information
This page allows you to see the current MSTP information.
Choose the Instance ID first. If the instance is not added, the information remains
blank.
The Root Information shows the setting of the Root switch.
The Port Information shows the port setting and status of the ports within the
instance.
Click on “Reload“ to reload the MSTP information display.
4.4.7 Multiple Super Ring (MSR)
The most common industrial network redundancy is to form a ring or loop.
Typically, the managed switches are connected in series and the last switch is
connected back to the first one.
The Multiple Super Ring has enhanced Ring Master selection and faster recovery
time. It is also enhanced for more complex ring application.
Advanced Rapid Dual Homing (RDH) technology also facilitates Managed Switch
68
to connect with a core managed switch easily and conveniently. With RDH
technology, you can also couple several Rapid Super Rings or RSTP cloud together,
which is also known as Auto Ring Coupling.
TrunkRing technology allows integrate MSR with LACP/Port Trunking. The
LACP/Trunk aggregated ports is a virtual interface and it can work as the Ring port
of the MSR.
MultiRing can be aggregated within one switch by using different Ring ID. The
maximum Ring number one switch can support is half of total port volume. The
feature saves much effort when constructing complex network architecture.
This page allows you to enable the settings for Multiple Super Ring and Rapid
Dual Homing.
New Ring: To create a Rapid Super Ring, just fill in the Ring ID which has range
from 0 to 31. If the name field is left blank, the name of this ring will be
automatically named with Ring ID.
Ring Configuration
ID: Once a Ring is created, this appears and cannot be changed.
Name: This field will show the name of the Ring. If it is not filled in when creating,
it will be automatically named by the rule “RingID”.
Version: The version of Ring can be changed here. There are three modes to
choose: Rapid Super Ring as default.
Device Priority: The switch with highest priority (highest value) will be
automatically selected as Ring Master. Then one of the ring ports in this switch
will become a forwarding port and the other one will become a blocking port. If
69
all of the switches have the same priority, the switch with the highest MAC
address will be selected as Ring Master.
Ring Port1: In Rapid Super Ring environment, you should have two Ring Ports. No
matter if the switch is Ring Master or not, when configuring RSR, two ports
should be selected as Ring Ports. For Ring Master, one of the ring ports will
become the forwarding port and the other one will become the blocking port.
Path Cost: Change the Path Cost of Ring Port1. If this switch is the Ring Master of
a Ring, then it determines the blocking port. The Port with higher Path Cost in the
two ring Port will become the blocking port, If the Path Cost is the same, the port
with larger port number will become the blocking port.
Ring Port2: Assign another port for ring connection
Path Cost: Change the Path Cost of Ring Port2
Rapid Dual Homing: Rapid Dual Homing is a feature of MSR. When you want to
connect multiple RSR or form a redundant topology with other vendors, RDH
could allow you to have maximum seven multiple links for redundancy without
any problem.
In Rapid Dual Homing, you don’t need to configure specific port to connect to
other protocol. The Rapid Dual Homing will smartly choose the fastest link for
primary link and block all the other links to avoid loop. If the primary link failed,
Rapid Dual Homing will automatically forward the secondary link for network
redundancy. If there are more connections, they will be standby links and recover
one of them if both primary and secondary links are down.
Ring status: To enable/disable the Ring. Please remember to enable the ring after
you add it.
4.4.8 Multiple Super Ring Information
This page shows the RSR information.
70
ID: Ring ID.
Version: which version of this ring, this field could be Rapid Super Ring, Super
Ring.
Role: This Switch is RM or nonRM
Status: If this field is Normal which means the redundancy is activated. If any one
of the links in the Ring is down, then the status will be Abnormal.
RM MAC: The MAC address of Ring Master of this Ring. It helps to find the
redundant path.
Blocking Port: This field shows which is blocked port of RM.
Role Transition Count: This means how many times this switch has changed its
Role from nonRM to RM or from RM to nonRM.
Role state Transition Count: This number shows how many times the Ring status
has been transformed between Normal and Abnormal state.
4.4.9 Command Lines:
Feature
Command Line
RSTP
Enable
Switch(config)# spanning-tree enable
Disable
Switch (config)# spanning-tree disable
RSTP mode
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mode rapid-stp
SpanningTree Mode change to be RSTP(802.1w) .
STP mode
Switch(config)# spanning-tree mode stp
SpanningTree Mode change to be STP(802.1d) .
Priority
Switch(config)# spanning-tree priority
<0-61440>
valid range is 0 to 61440 in multiple of
4096
Switch(config)# spanning-tree priority 4096
Max Age
Switch(config)# spanning-tree max-age
<6-40>
Valid range is 6~40 seconds
Switch(config)# spanning-tree max-age 10
Hello Time
Switch(config)# spanning-tree hello-time
<1-10>
Valid range is 1~10 seconds
Switch(config)# spanning-tree hello-time 2
Forward Delay
Switch(config)# spanning-tree forward-time
<4-30>
Valid range is 4~30 seconds
Switch(config)# spanning-tree forward-time 15
Port Path Cost
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree cost
<1-200000000>
16-bit based value range from
71
1-65535, 32-bit based value range
from 1-200,000,000
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree cost 200000
Port Priority
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree port-priority
<0-240>
Number from 0 to 240, in multiple of 16
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree port-priority 128
Link Type - Auto
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree link-type auto
Link Type - P2P
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree link-type
point-to-point
Link Type – Share
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree link-type shared
Edge Port
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree edge-port enable
Switch(config-if)# spanning-tree edge-port disable
RSTP Info
Active status
Switch# show spanning-tree active
Rapid Spanning-Tree feature
Enabled
Spanning-Tree BPDU transmission-limit
Root Address
0007.7c01.0386
Root Path Cost : 200000
Root Times :
3
Priority 4096
Root Port : 7
max-age 20 sec, hello-time
2 sec,
forward-delay 15 sec
Bridge Address
0007.7cff.0102
Priority 4096
Bridge Times : max-age 10 sec, hello-time
2 sec,
forward-delay 15 sec
Aging time : 300
Port
Role
Port-State
Cost
Prio.Nbr
Type
-------
----------
---------fa6
------------
---------
-----------
Designated
Forwarding
200000
128.6
Auto(RST)
fa7
Root
Forwarding
200000
128.7
Shared(STP)
RSTP Summary
Switch# show spanning-tree summary
Switch is in rapid-stp mode.
BPDU skewing detection disabled for the bridge.
Backbonefast disabled for bridge.
Summary of connected spanning tree ports :
72
#Port-State Summary
Blocking
Listening
Learning
Forwarding
Disabled
--------
---------
--------
----------
--------
0
0
0
2
8
#Port Link-Type Summary
AutoDetected
PointToPoint
SharedLink
EdgePort
------------
------------
----------
--------
9
Port Info
0
1
9
Switch# show spanning-tree port detail fa7
(Interface_ID)
Rapid Spanning-Tree feature
Enabled
Port 128.6 as Disabled Role is in Disabled State
Port Path Cost 200000, Port Identifier 128.6
RSTP Port Admin Link-Type is Auto, Oper Link-Type is
Point-to-Point
RSTP Port Admin Edge-Port is Enabled, Oper Edge-Port
is Edge
Designated root has priority 32768, address
0007.7c00.0112
Designated bridge has priority 32768, address
0007.7c60.1aec
Designated Port ID is 128.6, Root Path Cost is 600000
Timers : message-age 0 sec, forward-delay 0 sec
Link Aggregation Group: N/A, Type: N/A, Aggregated
with: N/A
BPDU: sent 43759 , received 4854
TCN : sent 0 , received 0
Forwarding-State Transmit count
12
Message-Age Expired count
Multiple Super Ring
Create or configure a Switch(config)# multiple-super-ring 1
Ring
Ring 1 created
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)#
Note: 1 is the target Ring ID which is going to be created
or configured.
Super Ring Version
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)# version
73
default
set default to rapid super ring
rapid-super-ring
super-ring
rapid super ring
super ring
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)# version
rapid-super-ring
Priority
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)# priority
<0-255>
default
valid range is 0 to 255
set default
Switch(config)# super-ring priority 100
Ring Port
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)# port
IFLIST
Interface list, ex: fa1,fa3-5,gi8-10
cost
path cost
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)# port fa1,fa2
Ring Port Cost
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)# port cost
<0-255>
valid range is 0 or 255
default
set default (128)valid range is 0 or 255
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)# port cost 100
<0-255>
valid range is 0 or 255
default
set default (128)valid range is 0 or 255
Switch(config-super-ring-plus)# port cost 100 200
Set path cost success.
Rapid Dual Homing
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)#
rapid-dual-homing enable
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)#
rapid-dual-homing disable
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)#
rapid-dual-homing port
IFLIST
auto-detect
IFNAME
Interface name, ex: fastethernet1 or gi8
up link auto detection
Interface name, ex: fastethernet1 or gi8
Switch(config-multiple-super-ring)#
rapid-dual-homing port fa3,fa5-6
set Rapid Dual Homing port success.
Note: auto-detect is recommended for dual Homing..
Ring Info
74
Ring Info
Switch# show multiple-super-ring [Ring ID]
[Ring1] Ring1
Current Status : Disabled
Role
: Disabled
Ring Status
: Abnormal
Ring Manager
: 0000.0000.0000
Blocking Port : N/A
Giga Copper
: N/A
Configuration :
Version
: Rapid Super Ring
Priority
: 128
Ring Port
: fa1, fa2
Path Cost
: 100, 200
Dual-Homing II : Disabled
Statistics :
Watchdog
sent
0, received
0, missed
Link Up
sent
0, received
0
Link Down sent
0, received
0
0
Role Transition count 0
Ring State Transition count 1
Ring ID is optional. If the ring ID is typed, this
command will only display the information of the
target Ring.
75
4.5
VLAN
A Virtual LAN (VLAN) is a “logical” grouping of nodes for the purpose of limiting a
broadcast domain to specific members of a group without physically grouping the
members together. That means, VLAN allows you to isolate network traffic so
that only members of VLAN could receive traffic from the same VLAN members.
Basically, creating a VLAN from a switch is the logical equivalent of physically
reconnecting a group of network devices to another Layer 2 switch, without
actually disconnecting these devices from their original switches.
The switch supports 802.1Q VLAN. 802.1Q VLAN is also known as Tag-Based
VLAN. This Tag-Based VLAN allows VLAN to be created across different switches
(see Figure 1). IEEE 802.1Q tag-based VLAN makes use of VLAN control
information stored in a VLAN header attached to IEEE 802.3 packet frames. This
tag contains a VLAN Identifier (VID) that indicates which VLAN a frame belongs to.
Since each switch only has to check a frame’s tag, without the need to dissect the
contents of the frame, which also saves a lot of computing resources within the
switch.
QinQ
The QinQ is originally designed to expand the number of VLANs by adding a tag
to the 802.1Q packets. The original VLAN is usually identified as Customer VLAN
(C-VLAN) and the new added t–g - as Service VLAN(S-VLAN). By adding the
additional tag, QinQ increases the possible number of VLANs. After QinQ
enabled, the Managed Switch can reach up to 256x256 VLANs. With different
standard tags, it also improves the network security.
VLAN Configuration group enables you to Add/Remove VLAN, configure port
Ingress/Egress parameters and view VLAN table.
Following commands are included in this section:
4.5.1
4.5.2
VLAN Port Configuration
VLAN Configuration
76
4.5.3
4.5.4
4.5.5
GVRP Configuration
VLAN Table
CLI Commands of the VLAN
4.5.1 VLAN Port Configuration
VLAN Port Configuration allows you to set up VLAN port parameters to specific
port. These parameters include PVID, Accept Frame Type and Ingress Filtering.
Figure 4.5.2 Web UI of VLAN configuration.
PVID: The abbreviation of the Port VLAN ID. Enter the port VLAN ID. PVID allows
the switches to identify which port belongs to which VLAN. To keep things simple,
it is recommended that PVID is equivalent to VLAN IDs.
The values of PVIDs are from 0 to 4095. But, 0 and 4095 are reserved. You can’t
input these two PVIDs. Value 1 is the default value and 2 to 4094 are valid and
available.
Tunnel Mode: This is the new command for QinQ. The command includes None,
802.1Q Tunnel and 802.1Q Tunnel Uplink. The figure shows the relationship
between 802.1Q Tunnel and 802.1Q Tunnel Uplink.
77
Following is the modes you can select.
None: Remian VLAN setting, no QinQ.
802.1Q Tunnel: The QinQ command applied to the ports which connect to the
C-VLAN. The port receives tagged frame from the C-VLAN. Add a new tag (Port
VID) as S-VLAN VID. When the packets are forwarded to C-VLAN, the S-VLAN
tag is removed.
After 802.1Q Tunnel mode is assigned to a port, the egress setting of the port
should be “Untag”, it indicates the egress packet is always untagged. This is
configured in Static VLAN Configuration table. Please refer to the VLAN
Configuration chapter in below.
802.1Q Tunnel Uplink: The QinQ command applied to the ports which connect
to the S-VLAN. The port receives tagged frame from the S-VLAN. When the
packets are forwarded to S-VLAN, the S-VLAN tag is kept.
After 802.1Q Tunnel Uplink mode is assigned to a port, the egress setting of the
port should be “Tag”, it indicates the egress packet is always tagged. This is
configured in Static VLAN Configuration table. Please refer to the VLAN
Configuration chapter in below.
For example, the VID of S-VLAN/Tunnel Uplink is 10, the VID of C-VLAN/Tunnel is
5. The 802.1Q Tunnel port receives tag 5 from C-VLAN, add tag 10 to the packet.
When the packets are forwarded to S-VLAN, tag 10 is kept.
EtherType: This column allows you to define the EtherType manually. This is
advanced QinQ parameter which allows to define the transmission packet type.
Accept Frame Type: This column defines the accepted frame type of the port.
There are 2 modes you can select, Admit All and Tag Only. Admit All mode means
that the port can accept both tagged and untagged packets. Tag Only mode
means that the port can only accept tagged packets.
Ingress Filtering: Ingress filtering helps VLAN engine to filter out undesired traffic
on a port. When Ingress Filtering is enabled, the port checks whether the
78
incoming frames belong to the VLAN they claimed or not. Then the port
determines if the frames can be processed or not. For example, if a tagged frame
from Engineer VLAN is received, and Ingress Filtering is enabled, the switch will
determine if the port is on the Engineer VLAN’s Egress list. If it is, the frame can
be processed. If it’s not, the frame would be dropped.
79
4.5.2 VLAN Configuration
In this page, you can assign Management VLAN, create the static VLAN, and
assign the Egress rule for the member ports of the VLAN.
Figure 4.5.2.1 Web UI of the VLAN Configuration.
Management VLAN ID: The switch supports management VLAN. The
management VLAN ID is the VLAN ID of the CPU interface so that only member
ports of the management VLAN can access the switch. The default management
VLAN ID is 1.
Static VLAN: You can assign a VLAN ID and VLAN Name for new VLAN here.
VLAN ID is used by the switch to identify different VLANs. Valid VLAN ID is
between 1 and 4094 and VLAN 1 is the default VLAN.
VLAN Name is a reference for network administrator to identify different VLANs.
The available character is 12 for you to input. If you don’t input VLAN name, the
system will automatically assign VLAN name for the VLAN. The rule is VLAN
(VLAN ID).
The steps to create a new VLAN: Type VLAN ID and NAME, and press Add to
create a new VLAN. Then you can see the new VLAN in the Static VLAN
Configuration table.
80
After created the VLAN, the status of the VLAN will remain in Unused until you
add ports to the VLAN.
Note: Before you change the management VLAN ID by Web and Telnet,
remember that the port attached by the administrator should be the member
port of the management VLAN; otherwise the administrator can’t access the
switch via the network.
Note: Currently the switch only support max 255 group VLAN.
Static VLAN Configuration
You can see the created VLANs and specify the egress (outgoing) port rule to be
Untagged or Tagged here.
Static VLAN Configuration table. You can see that new VLAN 3 is created. VLAN
name is test. Egress rules of the ports are not configured now.
-- : Not available
U: Untag: Indicates that egress/outgoing frames are not VLAN tagged.
T : Tag: Indicates that egress/outgoing frames are to be VLAN tagged.
Steps to configure Egress rules: Select the VLAN ID. Entry of the selected VLAN
turns to light blue. Assign Egress rule of the ports to U or T. Press Apply to apply
the setting. If you want to remove one VLAN, select the VLAN entry. Then press
Remove button.
81
4.5.3 GVRP configuration
GVRP allows users to set-up VLANs automatically rather than manual
configuration on every port of every switch in the network.
GVRP Protocol: Allow user to enable/disable GVRP globally.
State: After enable GVRP globally, here still can enable/disable GVRP by port.
Join Timer: Controls the interval of sending the GVRP Join BPDU and an instance
of this timer is required on a per-Port, per-GARP Participant basis
Leave Timer: Control the time to release the GVRP reservation after received the
GVRP Leave BPDU and an instance of the timer is required for each state machine
that is in the LV state
Leave All Timer: Controls the period to initiate the garbage collection of
registered VLAN. The timer is required on a per-Port, per-GARP Participant basis
82
4.5.4 VLAN Table
This table shows you current settings of your VLAN table, including VLAN ID,
Name, Status, and Egress rule of the ports.
VLAN ID: ID of the VLAN.
Name: Name of the VLAN.
Status: Static shows this is a manually configured static VLAN. Unused means this
VLAN is created by UI/CLI and has no member ports. This VLAN is not workable
yet. Dynamic means this VLAN is learnt by GVRP.
After created the VLAN, the status of this VLAN will remain in Unused status until
you add ports to the VLAN.
83
4.5.5 CLI Commands of the VLAN
Command Lines of the VLAN port configuration, VLAN configuration and VLAN
table display
Feature
Command Line
VLAN Port Configuration
VLAN Port PVID
Switch(config-if)# switchport trunk native vlan 2
Set port default vlan id to 2 success
Port Accept Frame
Switch(config)# inter fa1
Type
Switch(config-if)# acceptable frame type all
any kind of frame type is accepted!
Switch(config-if)# acceptable frame type
vlantaggedonly
only vlan-tag frame is accepted!
Ingress Filtering
Switch(config)# interface fa1
(for fast Ethernet
Switch(config-if)# ingress filtering enable
port 1)
ingress filtering enable
Switch(config-if)# ingress filtering disable
ingress filtering disable
Egress rule –
Switch(config-if)# switchport access vlan 2
Untagged (for VLAN 2)
switchport access vlan - success
Egress rule – Tagged
Switch(config-if)# switchport trunk allowed vlan
(for VLAN 2)
add 2
Display – Port
Switch# show interface fa1
Ingress Rule (PVID,
Interface fastethernet1
Ingress Filtering,
Administrative Status : Enable
Acceptable Frame
Operating Status : Not Connected
Type)
Duplex : Auto
Speed : Auto
Flow Control :off
Default Port VLAN ID: 2
Ingress Filtering : Disabled
Acceptable Frame Type : All
Port Security : Disabled
Auto Negotiation : Enable
Loopback Mode : None
STP Status: disabled
Default CoS Value for untagged packets is 0.
84
Mdix mode is Auto.
Medium mode is Copper.
Display – Port Egress
Switch# show running-config
Rule (Egress rule, IP
……
address, status)
!
interface fastethernet1
switchport access vlan 1
switchport access vlan 3
switchport trunk native vlan 2
…….
interface vlan1
ip address 192.168.2.200/24
no shutdown
VLAN Configuration
Create VLAN (2)
Switch(config)# vlan 2
vlan 2 success
Switch(config)# interface vlan 2
Switch(config-if)#
Note: In CLI configuration, you should create a VLAN
interface first. Then you can start to add/remove
ports. Default status of the created VLAN is unused
until you add member ports to it.
Remove VLAN
Switch(config)# no vlan 2
no vlan success
Note: You can only remove the VLAN when the VLAN is
in unused mode.
VLAN Name
Switch(config)# vlan 2
vlan 2 has exists
Switch(config-vlan)# name v2
Switch(config-vlan)# no name
Note: Use no name to change the name to default name,
VLAN VID.
VLAN description
Switch(config)# interface vlan 2
85
Switch(config-if)#
Switch(config-if)# description this is the VLAN 2
Switch(config-if)# no description
->Delete the
description.
IP address of the
Switch(config)# interface vlan 2
VLAN
Switch(config-if)#
Switch(config-if)# ip address 192.168.1.200/24
Switch(config-if)# no ip address 192.168.1.200/24
->Delete the IP address
Create multiple
Switch(config)# interface vlan 5-10
VLANs (VLAN 5-10)
Shut down VLAN
Switch(config)# interface vlan 2
Switch(config-if)# shutdown
Switch(config-if)# no shutdown
Display – VLAN table
->Turn on the VLAN
Switch# sh vlan
VLAN Name
----
Status
Trunk Ports
------------
Access Ports
-------
-------------------------1
VLAN1
Static
2
VLAN2
Unused
3
test
Static
-
fa1-7,gi8-10
-
fa4-7,gi8-10
fa1-3,fa7,gi8-10
Display – VLAN
Switch# show interface vlan1
interface
interface vlan1 is up, line protocol detection is
information
disabled
index 14 metric 1 mtu 1500
<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>
HWaddr: 00:07:7c:ff:01:b0
inet 192.168.2.200/24 broadcast 192.168.2.255
input packets 639, bytes 38248, dropped 0,
multicast packets 0
input errors 0, length 0, overrun 0, CRC 0, frame
0, fifo 0, missed 0
output packets 959, bytes 829280, dropped 0
86
output errors 0, aborted 0, carrier 0, fifo 0,
heartbeat 0, window 0
collisions 0
GVRP configuration
GVRP enable/disable
Switch(config)# gvrp mode
disable
Disable GVRP feature globally on the
switch
enable
Enable GVRP feature globally on the switch
Switch(config)# gvrp mode enable
Gvrp is enabled on the switch!
Configure GVRP
Switch(config)# inter fa1
timer
Switch(config-if)# garp timer
<10-10000>
Join timer /Leave
Switch(config-if)# garp timer 20 60 1000
timer/ LeaveAll
Note: The unit of these timer is centisecond
timer
Management VLAN
Management VLAN
Switch(config)# int vlan 1 (Go to management VLAN)
Switch(config-if)# no shutdown
Display
Switch# show running-config
!
interface vlan1
ip address 192.168.2.200/24
ip igmp
no shutdown
!
87
4.6
Private VLAN
The private VLAN helps to resolve the primary VLAN ID shortage, client ports’
isolation and network security issues. The Private VLAN provides primary and
secondary VLAN within a single switch.
Primary VLAN: The uplink port is usually the primary VLAN. A primary VLAN
contains promiscuous ports that can communicate with lower Secondary VLANs.
Secondary VLAN: The client ports are usually defined within secondary VLAN.
The secondary VLAN includes Isolated VLAN and Community VLAN. The client
ports can be isolated VLANs or can be grouped in the same Community VLAN.
The ports within the same community VLAN can communicate with each other.
However, the isolated VLAN ports can Not.
The figure shows the typical Private VLAN network. The SCADA/Public Server or
NMS workstation is usually located in primary VLAN. The clients PCs or Rings are
located within Secondary.
Private VLAN (PVLAN) Configuration group enables you to Configure PVLAN,
PVLAN Port and see the PVLAN Information.
Following commands are included in this group:
4.6.1 PVLAN Configuration
4.6.2 PVLAN Port Configuration
4.6.3 CLI Commands of the PVLAN
4.6.1 PVLAN Configuration
PVLAN Configuration allows you to assign Private VLAN type. After created VLAN
in VLAN Configuraiton page, the available VLAN ID will display here. Choose the
Private VLAN types for each VLAN you want configure.
88
None: The VLAN is Not included in Private VLAN.
Primary: The VLAN is the Primary VLAN. The member ports can communicate
with secondary ports.
Isolated: The VLAN is the Isolated VLAN. The member ports of the VLAN are
isolated.
Community: The VLAN is the Community VLAN. The member ports of the VLAN
can communicate with each other.
4.6.2 PVLAN Port Configuration
PVLAN Port Configuration page allows configure Port Configuration and Private
VLAN Association.
Private VLAN Association
Secondary VLAN: After the Isolated and Community VLAN Type is assigned in
Private VLAN Configuration page, the VLANs are belonged to the Secondary VLAN
and displayed here.
Primary VLAN: After the Primary VLAN Type is assigned in Private VLAN
Configuration page, the secondary VLAN can associate to the Primary VLAN ID.
Select the Primary VLAN ID here.
Note: Before configuring PVLAN port type, the Private VLAN Association should
be done first.
89
Port Configuraion
PVLAN Port T pe :
Normal: The Normal port is None PVLAN ports, it remains its original VLAN
setting.
Host: The Host type ports can be mapped to the Secondary VLAN.
Promiscuous: The promiscuous port can be associated to the Primary VLAN.
VLAN ID: After assigned the port type, the web UI display the available VLAN ID
the port can associate to.
For example:
1. VLAN Create: VLAN 2-5 are created in VLAN Configuration page.
2. Private VLAN Type: VLAN 2-5 has its Private VLAN Type configured in Private
VLAN Configuration page.
VLAN 2 is belonged to Primary VLAN.
VLAN 3-5 are belonged to secondary VLAN (Isolated or Community).
3. Private VLAN Association: Associate VLAN 3-5 to VLAN 2 in Private VLAN
Association first.
4. Private VLAN Port Configuration
VLAN 2 – Primary -> The member port of VLAN 2 is promiscuous port.
VLAN 3 – Isolated -> The Host port can be mapped to VLAN 3.
VLAN 4 – Community -> The Host port can be mapped to VLAN 3.
VLAN 5 – Community -> The Host port can be mapped to VLAN
5. Result
VLAN 2 -> VLAN 3, 4, 5; member ports can communicate with ports in secondary
VLAN.
VLAN 3 -> VLAN 2, member ports are isolated, but it can communicate with
member port of VLAN 2..
VLAN 4 -> VLAN 2, member ports within the community can communicate with
each other and communicate with member port of VLAN 2.
VLAN 5 -> VLAN 2, member ports within the community can communicate with
each other and communicate with member port of VLAN 2.
90
4.6.3 Private VLAN Information
This page allows you to see the Private VLAN information.
4.6.4 CLI Command of the PVLAN
Command Lines of the Private VLAN configuration
91
Feature
Command Line
Private VLAN Configuration
Create VLAN
Switch(config)# vlan 2
vlan 2 success
Switch(config-vlan)#
end
End current mode and change to enable mode
exit
Exit current mode and down to previous mode
list
Print command list
name
Assign a name to vlan
no
no
private-vlan Configure a private VLAN
Private VLAN Type
Go to the VLAN you want configure first.
Switch(config)# vlan (VID)
Choose the Types
Primary Type
Switch(config-vlan)# private-vlan
community Configure the VLAN as an community private
VLAN
isolated
Configure the VLAN as an isolated private
VLAN
primary
Configure the VLAN as a primary private
VLAN
Isolated Type
Switch(config-vlan)# private-vlan primary
<cr>
Community Type
Switch(config-vlan)# private-vlan isolated
<cr>
Switch(config-vlan)# private-vlan community
<cr>
Private VLAN Port Configuraiton
Go to the port
Switch(config)# interface (port_number, ex: fa9)
configuraiton
Switch(config-if)# switchport private-vlan
host-association Set the private VLAN host association
mapping
map primary VLAN to secondary
VLAN
Private VLAN Port Type Switch(config-if)# switchport mode
private-vlan Set private-vlan mode
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode private-vlan
host
Set the mode to private-vlan host
promiscuous Set the mode to private-vlan promiscuous
Promiscuous Port Type Switch(config-if)# switchport mode private-vlan promiscuous
<cr>
Host Port Type
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode private-vlan host
<cr>
Private VLAN Port
Configuration
PVLAN Port Type
Switch(config)# interface fa9
Host Association
Switch(config-if)# switchport private-vlan host-association
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode private-vlan host
92
primary to secondary
<2-4094> Primary range VLAN ID of the private VLAN
port association
(The command is only Switch(config-if)# switchport private-vlan host-association 2
available for host port.)
<2-4094> Secondary range VLAN ID of the private VLAN
port association
Switch(config-if)# switchport private-vlan host-association 2 3
Mapping primary to
secondary VLANs
(This command is only
available for
promiscuous port)
Switch(config)# interface fa10
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode private-vlan promiscuous
Switch(config-if)# switchport private-vlan mapping 2 add 3
Switch(config-if)# switchport private-vlan mapping 2 add 4
Switch(config-if)# switchport private-vlan mapping 2 add 5
Private VLAN Information
Private VLAN
Switch# show vlan private-vlan
Information
FLAGS:
I -> Isolated
P -> Promiscuous
C -> Community
Primary Secondary Type
Ports
------- --------- ----------------- --------------------2
3
Isolated
fa10(P),fa9(I)
2
4
Community
fa10(P),fa8(C)
2
5
Community
fa10(P),fa7(C),fa9(I)
10
PVLAN Type
Host List
Running Config
Information
Switch# show vlan private-vlan type
Vlan Type
Ports
---- ----------------- ----------------2
primary
fa10
3
isolated
fa9
4
community
fa8
5
community
fa7,fa9
10
primary
Switch# show vlan private-vlan port-list
Ports Mode
Vlan
----- ----------- ---1
normal
2
normal
3
normal
4
normal
5
normal
6
normal
7
host
5
8
host
4
9
host
3
10
promiscuous 2
Switch# show run
Building configuration...
Current configuration:
hostname Switch
vlan learning independent
!
vlan 1
!
93
Private VLAN Type
Private VLAN Port
Information
vlan 2
private-vlan primary
!
vlan 3
private-vlan isolated
!
vlan 4
private-vlan community
!
vlan 5
private-vlan community
!
………..
………..
interface fastethernet7
switchport access vlan add 2,5
switchport trunk native vlan 5
switchport mode private-vlan host
switchport private-vlan host-association 2 5
!
interface fastethernet8
switchport access vlan add 2,4
switchport trunk native vlan 4
switchport mode private-vlan host
switchport private-vlan host-association 2 4
!
interface fastethernet9
switchport access vlan add 2,5
switchport trunk native vlan 5
switchport mode private-vlan host
switchport private-vlan host-association 2 3
!
interface fastethernet10
switchport access vlan add 2,5
switchport trunk native vlan 2
switchport mode private-vlan promiscuous
switchport private-vlan mapping 2 add 3-5
………
……..
94
4.7
Traffic Prioritization
Quality of Service (QoS) provides traffic prioritization mechanism and can also
help to alleviate congestion problems and ensure high-priority traffic is delivered
first. This section allows you to configure Traffic Prioritization settings for each
port with regard to setting priorities.
The switch QOS supports four physical queues, weighted fair queuing (WRR) and
Strict Priority scheme, which follows 802.1p COS tag and IPv4 TOS/DiffServ
information to prioritize the traffic of your industrial network.
Following commands are included in this section:
4.7.1 QoS Setting
4.7.2 QoS Priority Mode
4.7.3 CoS-Queue Mapping
4.7.4 DSCP-Queue Mapping
4.7.5 CLI Commands of the Traffic Prioritization
4.7.1 QoS Setting
In QoS setting, you should choose the QoS Priority Mode first, Port-Based, Cos or
DSCP modes. Choose the preferred mode and you can configure the next settings
in its own configuration pages. The other page of the mode you don’t select can’t
be configured.
95
Queue Scheduling
You can select the Queue Scheduling rule as follows:
Use a strict priority scheme. Packets with higher priority in the queue will always
be processed first, except that there is no packet with higher priority.
Use Weighted Round Robin scheme. This scheme allows users to assign new
weight ratio for each class. The 10 is the highest ratio. The ratio of each class is as
below:
Wx / W0 + W1 + W2 + W3 + W4 + W5 + W6 + W7 (Total volume of Queue 0-7)
4.7.2 Port-based Queue Mapping
Choose the Queue value of each port, the port then has its default priority. The
Queue 3 is the highest port-based queue, 0 is the lowest queue. The traffic
injected to the port follows the queue level to be forwarded, but the outgoing
traffic doesn’t bring the queue level to next switch.
After configuration, press Apply to enable the settings.
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4.7.3 CoS-Queue Mapping
This page is to change CoS values to Physical Queue mapping table. Since the
switch fabric supports four physical queues, Lowest, Low, Middle and High. Users
should therefore assign how to map CoS value to the level of the physical queue.
Users can freely assign the mapping table or follow the suggestion of the 802.1p
standard and Westermo uses 802.p suggestion as default values. You can find
CoS values 1 and 2 are mapped to physical Queue 0, the lowest queue. CoS
values 0 and 3 are mapped to physical Queue 1, the low/normal physical queue.
CoS values 4 and 5 are mapped to physical Queue 2, the middle physical queue.
CoS values 6 and 7 are mapped to physical Queue 3, the high physical queue.
After configuration, press Apply to enable the settings.
4.7.4 DSCP-Queue Mapping
This page is to change DSCP values to Physical Queue mapping table. Since the
switch fabric supports four physical queues, Lowest, Low, Middle and High. Users
should therefore assign how to map DSCP value to the level of the physical queue.
Users can freely change the mapping table to follow the upper layer 3 switch or
routers’ DSCP setting.
97
After configuration, press Apply to enable the settings.
98
4.7.5 CLI Commands of the Traffic Prioritization
Command Lines of the Traffic Prioritization configuration
Feature
Command Line
QoS Setting
Queue Scheduling –
Strict Priority
Switch(config)# qos queue-sched
sp
Strict Priority
wrr
Weighted Round Robin
Switch(config)# qos queue-sched sp
The queue scheduling scheme is setting to Strict
Priority.
Queue Scheduling –
Switch(config)# qos queue-sched rr
Round Robin
The queue scheduling scheme is setting to Round
Robin.
Queue Scheduling - WRR
Switch(config)# qos queue-sched wrr
<1-10>
Weights for COS queue 0 (queue_id 0)
Switch(config)# qos queue-sched wrr 10
<1-10>
Weights for COS queue 1 (queue_id 1)
………..
Switch(config)# qos queue-sched wrr 1 2 3 4
The queue scheduling scheme is setting to
Weighted Round Robin.
Assign the ratio for the 4 classes of service.
Port Setting – CoS
Switch(config)# interface fa1
(Default Port Priority) Switch(config-if)# qos priority
DEFAULT-PRIORITY
Assign an priority (3
highest)
Switch(config-if)# qos priority 3
The default port priority value is set 3 ok.
Note: When change the port setting, you should
Select the specific port first. Ex: fa1 means fast
Ethernet port 1.
Display - Queue
Switch# show qos queue-sched
Scheduling
QoS queue scheduling scheme : Weighted Round
Robin
COS queue 0 = 1
COS queue 1 = 2
99
COS queue 2 = 3
COS queue 3 = 4
Display – Port Priority
Switch# show qos port-priority
Setting (Port Default
Port Default Priority :
Priority)
Port
Priority
-----+---1
7
2
0
3
0
4
0
5
0
6
0
7
0
8
0
9
0
10
0
11
0
12
0
13
0
14
0
15
0
16
0
17
0
18
0
CoS-Queue Mapping
Format
Switch(config)# qos cos-map
PRIORITY
Assign an priority (7 highest)
Switch(config)# qos cos-map 1
QUEUE
Assign an queue (0-3)
Note: Format: qos cos-map priority_value
queue_value
Map CoS 0 to Queue 1
Switch(config)# qos cos-map 0 1
The CoS to queue mapping is set ok.
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Map CoS 1 to Queue 0
Switch(config)# qos cos-map 1 0
The CoS to queue mapping is set ok.
Map CoS 2 to Queue 0
Switch(config)# qos cos-map 2 0
The CoS to queue mapping is set ok.
Map CoS 3 to Queue 1
Switch(config)# qos cos-map 3 1
The CoS to queue mapping is set ok.
Map CoS 4 to Queue 2
Switch(config)# qos cos-map 4 2
The CoS to queue mapping is set ok.
Map CoS 5 to Queue 2
Switch(config)# qos cos-map 5 2
The CoS to queue mapping is set ok.
Map CoS 6 to Queue 3
Switch(config)# qos cos-map 6 3
The CoS to queue mapping is set ok.
Map CoS 7 to Queue 3
Switch(config)# qos cos-map 7 3
The CoS to queue mapping is set ok.
Display – CoS-Queue
Switch# sh qos cos-map
mapping
CoS to Queue Mapping :
CoS
Queue
---- +
------
0
1
1
0
2
0
3
1
4
2
5
2
6
3
7
3
DSCP-Queue Mapping
Format
Switch(config)# qos dscp-map
PRIORITY
Assign an priority (63 highest)
Switch(config)# qos dscp-map 0
QUEUE
Assign an queue (0-3)
Format: qos dscp-map priority_value queue_value
Map DSCP 0 to Queue 1
Switch(config)# qos dscp-map 0 1
The TOS/DSCP to queue mapping is set ok.
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Display – DSCO-Queue
Switch# show qos dscp-map
mapping
DSCP to Queue Mapping : (dscp = d1 d2)
d2| 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
d1
|
-----+---------------------0 | 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1 | 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 | 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1
3 | 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
4 | 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
5 | 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
6 | 3 3 3 3
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4.8
Multicast Filtering
For multicast filtering, the switch uses IGMP Snooping technology. IGMP
(Internet Group Management Protocol) is an Internet Protocol that provides a
way for internet device to report its multicast group membership to adjacent
routers. Multicasting allows one computer on the internet to send data to a
multitude of other computers that have identified themselves as being interested
in receiving the originating computers data.
Multicasting is useful for such applications as updating the address books of
mobile computer users in the field, sending out newsletters to a distribution list,
and broadcasting streaming media to an audience that has tuned into the event
by setting up multicast group membership.
In effect, IGMP Snooping manages multicast traffic by making use of switches,
routers, and hosts that support IGMP. Enabling IGMP Snooping allows the ports
to detect IGMP queries, report packets, and manage multicast traffic through the
switch. IGMP has three fundamental types of messages, as shown below:
Message
Description
Query
A message sent from the querier (an IGMP router or a switch) which
asks for a response from each host that belongs to the multicast
group.
Report
A message sent by a host to the querier to indicate that the host
wants to be or is a member of a given group indicated in the report
message.
Leave Group
A message sent by a host to the querier to indicate that the host has
quit as a member of a specific multicast group.
You can enable IGMP Snooping and IGMP Query functions here. You will see the
information of the IGMP Snooping function in this section, including different
multicast groups’ VID and member ports, and IP multicast addresses that range
from 224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255.
In this section, Force filtering can determined whether the switch flooding
unknown multicast traffic or not.
Following commands are included in this section:
4.8.1
IGMP Snooping
4.8.2
IGMP Query
4.8.3
4.8.4
Force Filtering
CLI Commands of the Multicast Filtering
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4.8.1 IGMP Snooping
This page is to enable IGMP Snooping feature, assign IGMP Snooping for specific
VLAN, and view IGMP Snooping table from dynamic learnt or static manual key-in.
The switch supports IGMP snooping V1/V2/V3 automatically and IGMP query
V1/V2.
IGMP Snooping, you can select Enable or Disable here. After enabling IGMP
Snooping, you can then enable IGMP Snooping for specific VLAN. You can enable
IGMP Snooping for some VLANs so that some of the VLANs will support IGMP
Snooping and others won’t.
To assign IGMP Snooping to VLAN, please select the checkbox of VLAN ID or
select Select All checkbox for all VLANs. Then press Enable. In the same way, you
can also Disable IGMP Snooping for certain VLANs.
IGMP Snooping Table: In the table, you can see multicast group IP address, VLAN
ID it belongs to, and member ports of the multicast group. The switch supports
256 multicast groups. Click on Reload to refresh the table.
104
4.8.2 IGMP Query
This page allows users to configure IGMP Query feature. Since the switch can
only be configured by member ports of the management VLAN, IGMP Query can
only be enabled on the management VLAN. If you want to run IGMP Snooping
feature in several VLANs, you should notice that whether each VLAN has its own
IGMP Querier first.
The IGMP querier periodically sends query packets to all end-stations on the
LANs or VLANs that are connected to it. For networks with more than one IGMP
querier, a switch with the lowest IP address will become the IGMP querier.
In IGMP Query selection, you can select V1, V2 or Disable. V1 means IGMP V1
General Query and V2 means IGMP V2 General Query. The query will be
forwarded to all multicast groups in the VLAN. Disable allows you to disable
IGMP Query.
Query Interval(s): The period of query sent by querier.
Query Maximum Response Time: The span querier detect to confirm there are
no more directly connected group members on a LAN.
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to apply your
configuration.
105
4.8.3 Unknown Multicast
After enabled IGMP Snooping, the known multicast can be filtered by IGMP
Snooping mechanism and forwarded to the member ports of the known multicast
groups. The other multicast streams which are not leant is so-called unknown
multicast, the switch decide how to forward them based on the setting of this
page.
Send to Query Ports: The unknown multicast will be sent to the Query ports. The
Query port means the port received the IGMP Query packets and it is usually the
uplink port on the switch.
Send to All Ports: The unknown multicast will be flooded to all ports even if they
are not member ports of the groups.
Discard: The unknown multicast will be discarded. Non-member ports will not
receive the unknown multicast streams.
4.8.4 CLI Commands of the Multicast Filtering
Command Lines of the multicast filtering configuration
Feature
Command Line
IGMP Snooping
IGMP Snooping - Global Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping
IGMP snooping is enabled globally. Please specify
on which vlans IGMP snooping enables
IGMP Snooping - VLAN
Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan
VLANLIST
all
allowed vlan list
all existed vlan
Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan 1-2
IGMP snooping is enabled on VLAN 1-2.
Disable IGMP Snooping - Switch(config)# no ip igmp snooping
Global
IGMP snooping is disabled globally ok.
106
Disable IGMP Snooping - Switch(config)# no ip igmp snooping vlan 3
VLAN
IGMP snooping is disabled on VLAN 3.
Display – IGMP Snooping Switch# sh ip igmp
Setting
interface vlan1
enabled: Yes
version: IGMPv1
query-interval; 125s
query-max-response-time: 10s
Switch# sh ip igmp snooping
IGMP snooping is globally enabled
Vlan1 is IGMP snooping enabled
Vlan2 is IGMP snooping enabled
Vlan3 is IGMP snooping disabled
Display – IGMP Table
Switch# sh ip igmp snooping multicast all
VLAN
----
IP Address
---------------
Type
Ports
-------
-----------------------1
1
239.192.8.0
239.255.255.250
IGMP
fa6,
IGMP
fa6,
IGMP Query
IGMP Query V1
Switch(config)# int vlan 1
(Go to management
VLAN)
Switch(config-if)# ip igmp v1
IGMP Query V2
Switch(config)# int vlan 1
(Go to management
VLAN)
Switch(config-if)# ip igmp
IGMP Query version
Switch(config-if)# ip igmp version 1
Switch(config-if)# ip igmp version 2
Disable
Switch(config)# int vlan 1
Switch(config-if)# no ip igmp
107
Display
Switch# sh ip igmp
interface vlan1
enabled: Yes
version: IGMPv2
query-interval: 125s
query-max-response-time: 10s
Switch# show running-config
….
!
interface vlan1
ip address 192.168.2.200/24
ip igmp
no shutdown
!
…….
Unknown Multicast
Unknown Multicast Enable Force filtering
(Send to All Ports)
Switch(config)# mac-address-table multicast
filtering
Filtering unknown multicast addresses ok!
Switch(config)# no mac-address-table multicast
Disable Force filtering
filtering
(Discard)
Flooding unknown multicast addresses ok!
Unknown Multicast –
Switch(config)# ip igmp snooping
Send to All Ports
source-only-learning
108
4.9
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a protocol used for exchanging
management information between network devices and is a member of the
TCP/IP protocol suite. The switch series support SNMP v1 and v2c and V3.
An SNMP managed network consists of two main components: agents and a
manager. An agent is a management software module that resides in a managed
switch. An agent translates the local management information from the managed
device into a SNMP compatible format. The manager is the console through the
network.
Following commands are included in this section:
4.9.1
SNMP Configuration
4.9.2
SNMPv3 Profile
4.9.3
SNMP Traps
4.9.4
SNMP CLI Commands for SNMP
4.9.1 SNMP Configuration
This page allows users to configure SNMP V1/V2c Community. The community
string can be viewed as the password because SNMP V1/V2c doesn’t request you
to enter password before you try to access SNMP agent.
The community includes two privileges, Read Only and Read and Write.
With Read Only privilege, you only have the ability to read the values of MIB
tables. Default community string is Public.
With Read and Write privilege, you have the ability to read and set the values of
MIB tables. Default community string is Private.
The switch allows users to assign four community strings. Type the community
string and select the privilege. Then press Apply.
Note: When you first install the device in your network, we highly recommend
you to change the community string. Since most SNMP management application
uses Public and Private as their default community name, this might be the
leakage of the network security.
109
4.9.2 SNMP V3 Profile
SNMP v3 can provide more security functions when the user performs remote
management through SNMP protocol. It delivers SNMP information to the
administrator with user authentication; all of data between the switch and the
administrator are encrypted to ensure secure communication.
Security Level: Here the user can select the following levels of security: None,
User Authentication, and Authentication with privacy.
Authentication Protocol: Here the user can select either MD5 (Message-Digest
algorithm 5) or SHA (Secure Hash Algorithm). MD5 is a widely used cryptographic
hash function with a 128-bit hash value. SHA (Secure Hash Algorithm) hash
110
functions refer to five Federal Information Processing Standard-approved
algorithms for computing a condensed digital representation. The switch provides
two user authentication protocols in MD5 and SHA. You will need to configure
SNMP v3 parameters for your SNMP tool with the same authentication method.
Authentication Password: Here the user enters the SNMP v3 user authentication
password.
DES Encryption Password: Here the user enters the password for SNMP v3 user
DES Encryption.
4.9.3 SNMP Traps
SNMP Trap is the notification feature defined by SNMP protocol. All the SNMP
management applications can understand such trap information. So you don’t
need to install new application to read the notification information.
This page allows users to Enable SNMP Trap, configure the SNMP Trap server IP,
Community name, and trap Version V1 or V2. After configuration, you can see
the change of the SNMP pre-defined standard traps and Westermo pre-defined
traps. The pre-defined traps can be found in Westermo private MIB.
111
4.9.4 CLI Commands of the SNMP
Command Lines of the SNMP configuration
Feature
Command Line
SNMP Community
Read Only Community
Switch(config)# snmp-server community public ro
community string add ok
Read Write Community
Switch(config)# snmp-server community private
rw
community string add ok
SNMP Trap
Enable Trap
Switch(config)# snmp-server enable trap
Set SNMP trap enable ok.
SNMP Trap Server IP
Switch(config)# snmp-server host 192.168.2.33
without specific
SNMP trap host add OK.
community name
SNMP Trap Server IP with Switch(config)# snmp-server host 192.168.2.33
version 1 and community
version 1 private
SNMP trap host add OK.
Note: private is the community name, version 1
is the SNMP version
SNMP Trap Server IP with Switch(config)# snmp-server host 192.168.2.33
version 2 and community
version 2 private
SNMP trap host add OK.
Disable SNMP Trap
Switch(config)# no snmp-server enable trap
Set SNMP trap disable ok.
Display
Switch# sh snmp-server trap
SNMP trap: Enabled
SNMP trap community: public
Switch# show running-config
.......
snmp-server community public ro
snmp-server community private rw
snmp-server enable trap
snmp-server host 192.168.2.33 version 2 admin
snmp-server host 192.168.2.33 version 1 admin
……..
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4.10 Security
The switch provides several security features for you to secure your connection.
The features include Port Security and IP Security.
Following commands are included in section:
4.10.1 Filter Set (Access Control List)
4.10.2 IEEE 802.1x
4.10.3 CLI Commands of the Security
4.10.1 Filter Set (Access Control List)
The Filter Set is known as Access Control List feature. There are two major types,
one is MAC Filter and the other one is IP Filter.
ACE is short of Access Control Entry, user defines the Permit or Deny rule for
specific IP/MAC address or IP groups by network mask in each ACE. One ACL may
include several ACEs, the system checks the ACEs one after one and forward
based on the rule. Once the rules conflict, the old entry is selected as the forward
rule.
Type the Name when select MAC Filter, type ID/Name when select IP Filter. The
ID for IP access list is listed as below of the field. Click Add to add the rule. Click
Edit to edit the content for the rule. After configured, click Apply to apply all the
rules. Reload to reload setting. Remove to remove one of the entries.
MAC Filter (Port Security):
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The MAC Filter allows user to define the Access Control List for specific MAC
address or a group of MAC addresses.
Filter ID/Name: The name for this MAC Filter entry.
Action: Permit to permit traffic from specified sources and Deny to deny traffic
from those sources.
Source/Destination Address: Type the MAC address you want configure, the
format is “AABB.CCDD.EEFF”. Example: “Source to Destination” is
“0007.7c00.0000 to 0007.7c00.0001”.
Source/Destination Wildcard: This command allows user to define single host or
a group of hosts based on the wildcard. Some of the allowance examples are as
below:
Wildcard
Bit
Number
allowance
Any
1111.1111.1111
All
Host
1
of Note
Only the Source
or Destination.
0000.0000.0003 0000.0000.000(00000011) 3
0000.0000.0007 0000.0000.000(00000111) 7
0000.0000.000F 0000.0000.000(11111111) 15
….
114
Egress Port: Bind the MAC Filter rule to specific front port.
Once you finish configuring the ACE settings, click on Add to apply your
configuration, see below screen
Example of the below Entry:
Permit Source MAC “0007.7c00.0000” to Destination MAC “0007.7c00.0001”.
The Permit rule is egress rule and it is bind to Gigabit Ethernet Port 25.
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to apply your
configuration.
115
IP Filter:
Type ID/Name when select IP Filter. The ID for IP access list is listed as below of
the field. You can also type ACL name in this field, it goes to IP Extended mode
setting and support both IP Standard and IP Extended mode depend on the
setting. Click Add to add the rule. Click Edit to edit the content for the rule. After
configured, click Apply to apply all the rules. Reload to reload setting. Remove to
remove one of the entries.
Example:
IP Standard Access List: This kind of ACL allows user to define filter rules
according to the source IP address.
IP Extended Access List: This kind of ACL allows user to define filter rules
according to the source IP address, destination IP address, Source TCP/UDP port,
destination TCP/UDP port and ICMP type and code.
Click Edit to configure the IP Filter Rules.
116
Filter ID/Name: The ID or the name for this IP Filter entry.
Action: Permit to permit traffic from specified sources and Deny to deny traffic
from those sources.
Source/Destination Address: Type the source/destination IP address you want
configure.
117
Source/Destination Wildcard: This command allows user to define single host or
a group of hosts based on the wildcard. Some of the allowance examples are as
below:
Wildcard
Bit
Number
of allowance
Note
Any
11111111.11111111.
11111111.11111111
All
All IP addresses.
Or
a
mask:
255.255.255.255
Host
0.0.0.0
1
Only the Source
or
Destination
host.
0.0.0.3
0.0.0.(00000011)
3
0.0.0.7
0.0.0.(00000111)
7
0.0.0.15
0.0.0.(11111111)
15
….
Note: The mask is a wildcard mask: the high-order bits of the mask that are
binary zeros determine how many corresponding high-order bits in the IP address
are significant. The selected action applies to any source address with these
high-order bits.
Protocol: Select a protocol you want associate with the filter. The field includes IP,
TCP, UDP or ICMP type.
Destination Port: TCP/UDP port of the Destination Port field.
ICMP Type: The ICMP Protocol Type range from 1 ~ 255.
ICMP Code: The ICMP Protocol Code range from 1 ~ 255.
Egress Port: Bind this Filter to selected egress port.
Click the Add button to add the rule to the Filter. Click the Remove button to
remove the selected rule from Filter. Click the Modify button to edit the rule
which you selected. Click the Reload button to reload the rule table.
Click the Apply button to apply the Filter configurations.
118
Filter Attach (Access Control List)
After configured the ACL filter rules, remember associate this filter with the
physical ports. Then the port has the capability to filter traffic/attach based on
the packets lost.
Note: Different model may support different access control capability, the above
commands are applied to generic managed switch. But, due to the hardware
restriction, some of the above command may not support in your product. Please
check the web and CLI of your product.
4.10.2 IEEE 802.1x
802.1X configuration
IEEE 802.1X is the protocol that performing authentication to obtain access to IEEE
802 LANs. It is port-base network access control and the switch could control
which connection should be available or not.
119
System AuthControl: To enable or disable the 802.1x authentication.
Authentication Method: Radius is an authentication server that provides
authentication, with this method; user must connect the switch to the Radius
server. If user selects Local for the authentication method, the switch will use the
local user data base which can create in this page for authentication.
Radius Server IP: The IP address of Radius server
Shared Key: The password between the switch and the Radius Server.
Server Port: UDP port of the Radius server.
Accounting Port: Port for packets that contain the information of account login or
logout.
Secondary Radius Server IP: Backup Radius Server could be set in case of the
primary radius server down.
802.1X Local User: The User can add Account/Password for local authentication.
802.1X Local user List: This is a list shows the account information, User also can
remove selected account.
802.1x Port Configuration
After the configuration of Radius Server or Local user list, user also need
configure the authentication mode, authentication behavior, applied VLAN for
each port and permitted communication. The following information will explain
the port configuration.
120
Port control: Force Authorized means this port is authorized; the data is free to
in/out. Force unauthorized just opposite, the port is blocked. If users want to
control this port with Radius Server, please select Auto for port control.
Reauthentication: If enable this field, switch will ask client to re-authenticate.
The default time interval is 3600 seconds.
Max Request: The maximum times that the switch allow client request.
Guest VLAN: VLAN ID 0 to 4094 is available for this field. If this field is set to 0,
that means the port is blocked for failed authentication. Otherwise, the port will
be set to a Guest VLAN.
Host Mode: If there are more than one device connected to this port, set the
Host Mode to single means only the first PC authenticate success can access this
port. If this port is set to multi, the device can access this port once any one of
them passes the authentication.
Control Direction: Determined devices can end data out only or both send and
receive.
Re-Auth Period: Control the Re-authentication time interval, 1~65535 is
available.
Quiet Period: When authentication failed, Switch will wait for a period and try to
communicate with radius server again.
Tx period: The time interval of authentication request.
Supplicant Timeout: The timeout for the client authenticating
Sever Timeout: The timeout for server response for authenticating.
121
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to apply your
configuration.
Click Initialize Selected to set the authorize state of selected port to initialize
status.
Click Reauthenticate Selected to send EAP Request to supplicant to request
reauthentication.
Click Default Selected to reset the configurable 802.1x parameters of selected
port to the default values.
802.1X Port Status
The user can observe the port status for Port control, Authorize Status,
Authorized Supplicant and Oper Control Direction on each port.
122
4.10.3 CLI Commands of the Security
Command Lines of the Security configuration
Feature
Command Line
Port Security
Add MAC access list
Switch(config)# mac access-list extended
NAME
access-list name
Switch(config)# mac access-list extended
server1
Switch(config-ext-macl)#
permit
Specify packets to forward
deny
Specify packets to reject
end
End current mode and change to enable
mode
exit
Exit current mode and down to previous
mode
list
Print command list
no
Negate a command or set its defaults
quit
Exit current mode and down to previous
mode
Add IP Standard access
list
Switch(config)# ip access-list
extended
Extended access-list
standard
Standard access-list
Switch(config)# ip access-list standard
<1-99>
Standard IP access-list number
<1300-1999>
Standard IP access-list number
(expanded range)
WORD
Access-list name
Switch(config)# ip access-list standard 1
Switch(config-std-acl)#
deny
Specify packets to reject
permit
Specify packets to forward
end
End current mode and change to enable
mode
exit
Exit current mode and down to previous
mode
list
Print command list
no
Negate a command or set its defaults
quit
Exit current mode and down to previous
123
mode
remark
Add IP Extended access
list
Access list entry comment
Switch(config)# ip access-list extended
<100-199>
Extended IP access-list number
<2000-2699>
Extended IP access-list number
(expanded range)
WORD
access-list name
Switch(config)# ip access-list extended 100
Switch(config-ext-acl)#
deny
Specify packets to reject
permit
Specify packets to forward
end
End current mode and down to previous
mode
exit
Exit current mode and down to previous
mode
list
Print command list
no
Negate a command or set its defaults
quit
Exit current mode and down to previous
mode
remark
Example 1: Edit MAC
access list
Access list entry comment
Switch(config-ext-macl)#permit
MACADDR
Source MAC address xxxx.xxxx.xxxx
any
any source MAC address
host
A single source host
Switch(config-ext-macl)#permit host
MACADDR
Source MAC address xxxx.xxxx.xxxx
Switch(config-ext-macl)#permit host
0007.7c11.2233
MACADDR
Destination MAC address
xxxx.xxxx.xxxx
any
any destination MAC address
host
A single destination host
Switch(config-ext-macl)#permit host
0012.7711.2233 host
MACADDR
Destination MAC address
xxxx.xxxx.xxxx
Switch(config-ext-macl)#permit host
0012.7711.2233 host 0011.7711.2234
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[IFNAME]
Egress interface name
Switch(config-ext-macl)#permit host
0007.7c11.2233 host 0011.7711.2234 gi25
Note: MAC Rule: Permit/Deny wildcard Source_MAC
wildcard Dest_MAC Egress_Interface
Example 1: Edit IP
Switch(config)# ip access-list extended 100
Extended access list
Switch(config-ext-acl)#permit
ip
Any Internet Protocol
tcp
Transmission Control Protocol
udp
User Datagram Protocol
icmp
Internet Control Message Protocol
Switch(config-ext-acl)#permit ip
A.B.C.D
Source address
any
Any source host
host
A single source host
Switch(config-ext-acl)#permit ip
192.168.20.200
A.B.C.D
Source wildcard bits
Switch(config-ext-acl)#permit ip
192.168.20.200 0.0.0.1
A.B.C.D
Destination address
any
Any destination host
host
A single destination host
Switch(config-ext-acl)#permit ip
192.168.20.200 0.0.0.1 192.168.2.201 0.0.0.1
[IFNAME]
Egress interface name
Switch(config-ext-acl)#permit ip
192.168.20.200 0.0.0.1 192.168.2.201
0.0.0.1
gi17
Note: Follow the below rule to configure ip
extended access list.
IP Rule: Permit/Deny Source_IP wildcard Dest_IP
wildcard Egress_Interface
TCP Rule: Permit/Deny tcp Source_IP wildcard
Dest_IP wildcard eq Given_Port_Number
Egress_Interface
125
UDP Rule: Permit/Deny udp Source_IP wildcard
Dest_IP wildcard eq Given_Port_Number
Egress_Interface
ICMP Rule: Permit/Deny icmp Source_IP wildcard
Dest_IP wildcard ICMP_Message_Type
ICMP_Message_Code Egress_Interface
Add MAC
Switch(config)# mac-address-table static
0007.7c01.0101 vlan 1 interface fa1
mac-address-table unicast static set ok!
Port Security
Switch(config)# interface fa1
Switch(config-if)# switchport port-security
Disables new MAC addresses learning and aging
activities!
Note 1: Rule: Add the static MAC, VLAN and Port
binding first, then enable the port security to
stop new MAC learning.
Note 2: Not all the model support this feature,
check the product detail specification.
Disable Port Security
Switch(config-if)# no switchport port-security
Enable new MAC addresses learning and aging
activities!
Display
Switch# show mac-address-table static
Destination Address
Address Type
Vlan
Destination Port
-------------------
--------------- -------
-----------------------0007.7c01.0101
Static
1
fa1
802.1x
Enable
Switch(config)# dot1x system-auth-control
The Port-Based Network Acess Control is globally
Disable
enabled
Switch(config)# no dot1x system-auth-control
The Port-Based Network Acess Control is globally
disabled
126
authentic-method
Switch(config)# dot1x authentic-method
local
Use the local username database for
authentication
radius
Use the Remote Authentication Dial-In
User Service (RADIUS) servers for
authentication
Switch(config)# dot1x authentic-method radius
Switch(config)#
radius server-ip
Switch(config)# dot1x radius
Switch(config)# dot1x radius server-ip
192.168.2.200 key 1234
RADIUS Server Port number NOT given.
(default=1812)
RADIUS Accounting Port number NOT given.
(default=1813)
RADIUS Server IP
: 192.168.2.200
RADIUS Server Key
: 1234
RADIUS Server Port : 1812
RADIUS Accounting Port : 1813
Switch(config)#
radius
secondary-server-ip
Switch(config)# dot1x radius
secondary-server-ip 192.168.2.250 key 5678
Port number NOT given. (default=1812)
RADIUS Accounting Port number NOT given.
(default=1813)
Secondary RADIUS Server IP
: 192.168.2.250
Secondary RADIUS Server Key
: 5678
Secondary RADIUS Server Port : 1812
Secondary RADIUS Accounting Port : 1813
User name/password for
Switch(config)# dot1x username
passwd
vlan 1
authentication
127
4.11 Warning
The switch provides several types of Warning features for you to remote monitor
the status of end devices or the change of your network. The features include
Fault Relay, System Log and SMTP E-mail Alert.
Following commands are included in this section:
4.11.1
Fault Relay
4.11.2
Event Selection
4.11.3
Syslog Configuration
4.11.4
SMTP Configuration
4.11.5
CLI Commands
4.11.1 Fault Relay
The switch provides two digital outputs, also known as Relay Output. The relay
contacts are energized (open) for normal operation and will close under fault
conditions. Fault conditions include Dry Output, Power Failure, Ethernet port Link
Failure, Ping Failure and Super Ring Topology Change. You can configure these
settings in this Fault Relay Setting. Each Relay can be assigned 1 fault condition.
Relay 1: Click on checkbox of the Relay 1, then select the Event Type and its
parameters.
Relay 2: Click on checkbox of the Relay 2, then select the Event Type and its
parameters.
Event Type: Dry Output, Power Failure, Link Failure, Ping Failure and Super Ring
Failure. Each event type has its own parameters and should also be configured.
Currently, each Relay can have one event type.
128
Event Type: Dry Output
On Period (Sec): Type the period time to turn on Relay Output. Available range of
a period is 0-4294967295 seconds.
Off Period (Sec): Type the period time to turn off Relay Output. Available range of
a period is 0-4294967295 seconds.
How to configure: Type turn-on period and turn-off period when the time is
reached, the system will turn on or off the Relay Output. If you connect DO to DI
of the other terminal unit, the setting can help you to change DI state. If you
connect DO to the power set of other terminal units, this setting can help you to
turn on or off the unit.
How to turn On/Off the other device: Type “1” into the “On period” field and “0”
into “Off Period” field and apply the setting, then it t will be trigger to form as a
close circuit.
To turn off the relay, just type “0” into the “On period” field and “1” into “Off
Period” field and apply the setting, the relay will be trigger to form as a open
circuit.
This function is also available in CLI, SNMP management interface. See the
following setting.
129
Turn on the relay output
Turn off the relay output
Event Type: Power Failure
Power ID: Select Power 1 or Power 2 you want to monitor. When the power is
shut down or broken, the system will short Relay Out and light the DO LED.
Event Type: Link Failure
Link: Select the port ID you want to monitor.
How to configure: Select the checkbox of the Ethernet ports you want to monitor.
You can select one or multiple ports. When the selected ports are physically down,
the system will short Relay Output and light the DO LED.
Event Type: Ping Failure
IP Address: IP address of the target device you want to ping.
Reset Time (Sec): Waiting time to short the relay output.
130
Hold Time (Sec): Waiting time to ping the target device for the duration of remote
device boot
How to configure: After selecting Ping Failure event type, the system will turn
Relay Output to short state and continuously ping the target device. When the
ping failure occurred, the switch will turn the Relay Output to open state for a
period of Reset Time.
After the Reset Time timeout, the system will turn the Relay Output to close state.
After the Hold Time timer is timeout, the switch system will start ping the target
device.
Ex: Reset Time is 5 sec, Hold Time is 50 sec.
If the ping failure occurred, the switch system will turn Relay output to open state
to emulate power switch off for 5 sec periods. After Reset Time timeout, the
Switch system will start ping target device after 50 sec periods. The period time is
for target device system booting. During the period, the switch system will not
ping target device until Hold Time is timeout.
Event Type: Super Ring Failure
Select Super Ring Failure. When the Rapid Super Ring topology is changed, the
system
will
short
Relay
Out
and
lengthen
DO
LED.
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to apply your
configuration.
131
4.11.2 Event Selection
Event Types can be divided into two basic groups: System Events and Port Events.
System Events are related to the overall function of the switch, whereas Port
Events related to the activity of the specific ports
System Event
Warning Event is sent when…..
Authentication Failure
An incorrect password, SNMP Community String
is entered.
Time Synchronize
Failure
Accessing to NTP Server is failure.
Power 1 Failure
Selected Power ID is failure.
Power 2 Failure
Selected Power ID is failure.
Fault Relay
The DO/Fault Relay is on.
Super Ring Topology
Changes
Master of Super Ring has changed or backup
path is activated.
Port Event
Warning Event is sent when…..
Link-Up
The port is connected to another device
Link-Down
The port is disconnected (e.g. the cable is pulled
out, or the opposing devices turns down)
Both
Either of Link Up or Link Down
132
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to apply your
configuration.
4.11.3 SysLog Configuration
System Log is useful to provide system administrator locally or remotely monitor
switch events history. There are two System Log modes provided by the switch,
local mode and remote mode.
Local Mode: In this mode, the switch will print the occurred events selected in
the Event Selection page to System Log table of The switch. You can monitor the
system logs in [Monitor and Diag] / [Event Log] page.
Remote Mode: The remote mode is also known as Server mode. In this mode,
you should assign the IP address of the System Log server. The switch will send
the occurred events selected in Event Selection page to System Log server you
assigned.
133
Both: Both modes can be enabled at the same time.
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to apply your
configuration.
Note: When enabling Local or Both mode, you can monitor the system logs in
[Monitor and Diag] / [Event Log] page.
4.11.4 SMTP Configuration
The switch supports E-mail Warning feature. The switch will send the occurred
events to remote E-mail server. The receiver can then receive notification by
E-mail. The E-mail warning is conformed to SMTP standard.
This page allows you to enable E-mail Alert, assign the SMTP Server IP, Sender
E-mail, and Receiver E-mail. If SMTP server requests you to authorize first, you
can also set up the username and password in this page.
134
Field
Description
SMTP Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of the email Server
Authentication
Click on check box to enable password
User Name
Enter email Account name (Max.40 characters)
Password
Enter the password of the email account
Confirm Password
Re-type the password of the email account
You can set up to 4 email addresses to receive email alarm
Rcpt E-mail Address 1
The first email address to receive email alert
from the switch (Max. 40 characters)
Rcpt E-mail Address 2
The second email address to receive email alert
from the switch (Max. 40 characters)
Rcpt E-mail Address 3
The third email address to receive email alert
from the switch (Max. 40 characters)
Rcpt E-mail Address 4
The fourth email address to receive email alert
from the switch (Max. 40 characters)
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to apply your
configuration.
4.11.5 CLI Commands
135
Command Lines of the Warning configuration
Feature
Command Line
Relay Output
Relay Output
Switch(config)# relay 1
dry
dry output
ping
ping failure
port
port link failure
power
power failure
ring
super ring failure
Note: Select Relay 1 or 2 first, then select the
event types.
Dry Output
Switch(config)# relay 1 dry
<0-4294967295>
turn on period in second
Switch(config)# relay 1 dry 5
<0-4294967295>
turn off period in second
Switch(config)# relay 1 dry 5 5
Ping Failure
Switch(config)# relay 1 ping 192.168.2.200
<cr>
reset
reset a device
Switch(config)# relay 1 ping 192.168.2.200 reset
<1-65535>
reset time
Switch(config)# relay 1 ping 192.168.2.200 reset
60
<0-65535>
hold time to retry
Switch(config)# relay 1 ping 192.168.2.200 reset
60 60
Port Link Failure Switch(config)# relay 1 port
PORTLIST
port list
Switch(config)# relay 1 port fa1-5
Power Failure
Switch(config)# relay 1 power
<1-2>
power id
any
Anyone power failure asserts relay
Switch(config)# relay 1 power 1
Super Ring Failure Switch(config)# relay 1 ring
Disable Relay
Switch(config)# no relay
<1-2>
relay id
136
Switch(config)# no relay 1 (Relay_ID: 1 or 2)
<cr>
Display
Switch# show relay 1
Relay Output Type : Port Link
Port : 1, 2, 3, 4,
Switch# show relay 2
Relay Output Type : Super Ring
Event Selection
Event Selection
Switch(config)# warning-event
coldstart
Switch cold start event
warmstart
Switch warm start event
linkdown
Switch link down event
linkup
Switch link up event
authentication
Authentication failure event
fault-relay
Switch fault relay event
power
Switch power failure event
sfp
Switch SFP event
super-ring
Switch super ring topology
change event
time-sync
Switch time synchronize event
Ex: Cold Start
Switch(config)# warning-event coldstart
event
Set cold start event enable ok.
Ex: Link Up event Switch(config)# warning-event linkup
[IFLIST]
Interface list, ex:
fa1,fa3-5,gi17-18
Switch(config)# warning-event linkup fa5
Set fa5 link up event enable ok.
Display
Switch# show warning-event
Warning Event:
Cold Start: Enabled
Warm Start: Disabled
Authentication Failure: Disabled
Link Down: fa4-5
Link Up: fa4-5
Power Failure:
Super Ring Topology Change: Disabled
Fault Relay: Disabled
Time synchronize Failure: Disable
137
Syslog Configuration
Local Mode
Switch(config)# log syslog local
Server Mode
Switch(config)# log syslog remote 192.168.2.200
Both
Switch(config)# log syslog local
Switch(config)# log syslog remote 192.168.2.200
Disable
Switch(config)# no log syslog local
SMTP Configuration
SMTP Enable
Switch(config)# smtp-server enable email-alert
SMTP Email Alert set enable ok.
Sender mail
Switch(config)# smtp-server server
192.168.20.200
ACCOUNT
SMTP server mail account, ex:
support@westermo.se
Switch(config)# smtp-server server
192.168.20.200 support@westermo.se
SMTP Email Alert set Server: 192.168.20.200,
Account: support@westermo.se ok.
Receiver mail
Switch(config)# smtp-server receipt 1
support@westermo.se
SMTP Email Alert set receipt 1:
support@westermo.se ok.
Authentication
Switch(config)# smtp-server authentication
with username and username admin password admin
password
SMTP Email Alert set authentication Username:
admin, Password: admin
Note: You can assign string to username and
password.
Disable SMTP
Switch(config)# no smtp-server enable
email-alert
SMTP Email Alert set disable ok.
Disable
Switch(config)# no smtp-server authentication
Authentication
SMTP Email Alert set Authentication disable ok.
Dispaly
Switch# sh smtp-server
SMTP Email Alert is Enabled
Server: 192.168.20.200, Account:
support@westermo.se
Authentication: Enabled
138
Username: admin, Password: admin
SMTP Email Alert Receipt:
Receipt 1: support@westermo.se
Receipt 2:
Receipt 3:
Receipt 4:
139
4.12 Monitor and Diag
The switch provides several types of features for you to monitor the status of the
switch or diagnostic for you to check the problem when encountering problems
related to the switch. The features include MAC Address Table, Port Statistics,
Port Mirror, Event Log and Ping.
Following commands are included in this section:
4.12.1 MAC Address Table
4.12.2 Port Statistics
4.12.3 Port Mirror
4.12.4 Event Log
4.12.5 Topology Discovery
4.12.6 Ping
4.12.7 CLI Commands of the Monitor and Diag
4.12.1 MAC Address Table
The switch provides 8K entries in MAC Address Table. In this page, users can
change the Aging time, add Static Unicast MAC Address and monitor the MAC
address or sort them by different packet types and ports. Click on Apply to
change the value.
Aging Time (Sec)
Each switch fabric has limit size to write the learned MAC address. To save more
entries for new MAC address, the switch fabric will age out non-used MAC
address entry per Aging Time timeout. The default Aging Time is 300 seconds.
Static Unicast MAC Address
In some applications, users may need to type in the static Unicast MAC address
to its MAC address table. In this page, you can type MAC Address (format:
xxxx.xxxx.xxxx), select its VID and Port ID, and then click on Add to add it to MAC
Address table.
MAC Address Table
In this MAC Address Table, you can see all the MAC Addresses learned by the
switch fabric. The packet types include Management Unicast, Static Unicast,
Dynamic Unicast, Static Multicast and Dynamic Multicast. The table allows users
to sort the address by the packet types and port.
Packet Types: Management Unicast means MAC address of the switch. It
belongs to CPU port only. Static Unicast MAC address can be added and deleted.
Dynamic Unicast MAC is MAC address learnt by the switch Fabric. Static
Multicast can be added by CLI and can be deleted by Web and CLI. Dynamic
140
Multicast will appear after you enabled IGMP and the switch learnt IGMP report.
Click on Remove to remove the static Unicast/Multicast MAC address. Click on
Reload to refresh the table. New learnt Unicast/Multicast MAC address will be
updated to MAC address table.
4.12.2 Port Statistics
In this page, you can view operation statistics for each port. The statistics that
can be viewed include Link Type, Link State, Rx Good, Rx Bad, Rx Abort, Tx Good,
Tx Bad and Collision. Rx means the received packet while Tx means the
transmitted packets.
Note: If you see many Bad, Abort or Collision counts increased, that may mean
your network cable is not connected well, the network performance of the port is
poor…etc. Please check your network cable, Network Interface Card of the
connected device, the network application, or reallocate the network traffic…etc.
Click on Clear Selected to reinitialize the counts of the selected ports, and Clear
All to reinitialize the counts of all ports. Click on Reload to refresh the counts.
141
4.12.3 Port Mirroring
Port mirroring (also called port spanning) is a tool that allows you to mirror the
traffic from one or more ports onto another port, without disrupting the flow of
traffic on the original port. Any traffic that goes in or out of the Source Port(s) will
be duplicated at the Destination Port. This traffic can then be analyzed on the
Destination port using a monitoring device or application. A network
administrator will typically utilize this tool for diagnostics, debugging, or fending
off attacks.
Port Mirror Mode: Select Enable/Disable to enable/disable Port Mirror.
Source Port: This is also known as Monitor Port. These are the ports you want to
monitor and the traffic of all source/monitor ports will be copied to
destination/analysis ports. You can choose a single port, or any combination of
ports, but you can only monitor them in Rx or TX only. Click on checkbox of the
Port ID, RX, Tx or Both to select the source ports.
Destination Port: This is also known as Analysis Port. You can analyze the traffic
of all the monitored ports at this port without affecting the flow of traffic on the
port(s) being monitored. Only one of the destination ports can be selected. A
network administrator would typically connect a LAN analyzer to this port.
142
Once you finish configuring the settings, click on Apply to apply the settings.
4.12.4 Event Log
When System Log Local mode is selected, the switch will record occurred events
in local log table. This page shows this log table. The entry includes the index,
occurred data and time and content of the events.
Click on Clear to clear the entries. Click on Reload to refresh the table.
143
4.12.5 Topology Discovery
The switch supports topology discovery or LLDP (IEEE 802.1AB Link Layer
Discovery Protocol) function that can help user to discovery multi-vendor’s
network device on same segment by NMS system which supports LLDP function;
With LLDP function, NMS can easier maintain the topology map, display port ID,
port description, system description, VLAN ID… Once the link failure, the
topology change events can be updated to the NMS as well. The LLDP Port State
can display the neighbor ID and IP leant from the connected devices.
LLDP: Select Enable/Disable to enable/disable LLDP function.
LLDP Configuration: To configure the related timer of LLDP.
LLDP Timer: The interval time of each LLDP and counts in second; the valid
number is from 5 to 254, default is 30 seconds.
LLDP Hold time: The TTL (Time To Live) timer. The LLDP state will be expired once
the LLDP is not received by the hold time. The default is 120 seconds.
Local port: The current port number that linked with neighbor network device.
Neighbor ID: The MAC address of neighbor device on the same network
segment.
Neighbor IP: The IP address of neighbor device on the same network segment.
Neighbor VID: The VLAN ID of neighbor device on the same network segment.
144
4.12.6 Ping Utility
This page provides Ping Utility for users to ping remote device and check
whether the device is alive or not. Type Target IP address of the target device
and click on Start to start the ping. After few seconds, you can see the result in
the Result field.
145
4.12.7 CLI Commands of the Monitor and Diag
Command Lines of the Monitor and Diag configuration
Feature
Command Line
MAC Address Table
Ageing Time
Switch(config)# mac-address-table aging-time
350
mac-address-table aging-time set ok!
Note: 350 is the new ageing timeout value.
Add Static Unicast MAC Switch(config)# mac-address-table static
address
0007.7c01.0101 vlan 1 interface fastethernet7
mac-address-table ucast static set ok!
Note: rule: mac-address-table static
MAC_address VLAN VID interface interface_name
Add Multicast MAC
address
Switch(config)# mac-address-table multicast
0100.5e01.0101 vlan 1 interface fa6-7
Adds an entry in the multicast table ok!
Note: rule: mac-address-table multicast
MAC_address VLAN VID interface_list
interface_name/range
Show MAC Address Table – Switch# show mac-address-table
All types
***** UNICAST MAC ADDRESS *****
Destination Address
Address Type
Vlan
Destination Port
-------------------
--------------- -------
-----------------------000f.b079.ca3b
Dynamic
1
fa4
0007.7c01.0386
Dynamic
1
fa7
0007.7c10.0101
Static
1
fa7
0007.7c10.0102
Static
1
fa7
0007.7cff.0100
Management
1
***** MULTICAST MAC ADDRESS *****
Vlan
Mac Address
COS
Status
Ports
146
----
--------------- ----
-------
-------------------------1
0100.5e40.0800
0
fa6
1
0100.5e7f.fffa
0
fa4,fa6
Show MAC Address Table – Switch# show mac-address-table dynamic
Dynamic Learnt MAC
addresses
Destination Address
Address Type
Vlan
Destination Port
-------------------
--------------- -------
-----------------------000f.b079.ca3b
Dynamic
1
fa4
0007.7c01.0386
Dynamic
1
fa7
Show MAC Address Table – Switch# show mac-address-table multicast
Multicast MAC addresses Vlan
----
Mac Address
COS
--------------- ----
Status
Ports
-------
-------------------------1
0100.5e40.0800
0
fa6-7
1
0100.5e7f.fffa
0
fa4,fa6-7
Show MAC Address Table – Switch# show mac-address-table static
Static MAC addresses
Destination Address
Address Type
Vlan
Destination Port
-------------------
--------------- -------
-----------------------0007.7c10.0101
Static
1
fa7
0007.7c10.0102
Static
1
fa7
Show Aging timeout time Switch# show mac-address-table aging-time
the mac-address-table aging-time is 300 sec.
Port Statistics
Port Statistics
Switch# show rmon statistics fa4 (select
interface)
Interface fastethernet4 is enable connected,
which has
Inbound:
Good Octets: 178792, Bad Octets: 0
Unicast: 598, Broadcast: 1764, Multicast: 160
Pause: 0, Undersize: 0, Fragments: 0
Oversize: 0, Jabbers: 0, Disacrds: 0
Filtered: 0, RxError: 0, FCSError: 0
Outbound:
147
Good Octets: 330500
Unicast: 602, Broadcast: 1, Multicast: 2261
Pause: 0, Deferred: 0, Collisions: 0
SingleCollision: 0, MultipleCollision: 0
ExcessiveCollision: 0, LateCollision: 0
Filtered: 0, FCSError: 0
Number of frames received and transmitted with
a length of:
64: 2388, 65to127: 142, 128to255: 11
256to511: 64, 512to1023: 10, 1024toMaxSize:
42
Port Mirroring
Enable Port Mirror
Switch(config)# mirror en
Mirror set enable ok.
Disable Port Mirror
Switch(config)# mirror disable
Mirror set disable ok.
Select Source Port
Switch(config)# mirror source fa1-2
both
Received and transmitted traffic
rx
Received traffic
tx
Transmitted traffic
Switch(config)# mirror source fa1-2 both
Mirror source fa1-2 both set ok.
Note: Select source port list and TX/RX/Both
mode.
Select Destination Port Switch(config)# mirror destination fa6 both
Mirror destination fa6 both set ok
Display
Switch# show mirror
Mirror Status : Enabled
Ingress Monitor Destination Port : fa6
Egress Monitor Destination Port : fa6
Ingress Source Ports :fa1,fa2,
Egress Source Ports :fa1,fa2,
Event Log
Display
Switch# show event-log
<1>Jan
1 02:50:47 snmpd[101]: Event: Link 4
Down.
<2>Jan
1 02:50:50 snmpd[101]: Event: Link 5 Up.
148
<3>Jan
1 02:50:51 snmpd[101]: Event: Link 5
Down.
<4>Jan
1 02:50:53 snmpd[101]: Event: Link 4 Up.
Topology Discovery (LLDP)
Enable LLDP
Switch(config)# lldp
holdtime
Specify the holdtime of LLDP in
seconds
run
Enable LLDP
timer
Set the transmission frequency of
LLDP in seconds
Switch(config)# lldp run
LLDP is enabled!
Change LLDP timer
Switch(config)# lldp holdtime
<10-255>
Valid range is 10~255
Switch(config)# lldp timer
<5-254>
Valid range is 5~254
Ping
Ping IP
Switch# ping 192.168.2.33
PING 192.168.2.33 (192.168.2.33): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 192.168.2.33: icmp_seq=0 ttl=128
time=0.0 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.2.33: icmp_seq=1 ttl=128
time=0.0 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.2.33: icmp_seq=2 ttl=128
time=0.0 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.2.33: icmp_seq=3 ttl=128
time=0.0 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.2.33: icmp_seq=4 ttl=128
time=0.0 ms
--- 192.168.2.33 ping statistics --4
packets transmitted, 5 packets received, 0%
packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max = 0.0/0.0/0.0 ms
149
4.13 Device Front Panel
Device Front Panel commands allows you to see LED status on the switch. You
can see LED and link status of the Power, DO, R.M. and Font Ports.
Feature
On / Link UP
Off / Link Down
Power 1 (P1)
Green
Black
Power 2 (P2)
Green
Black
Digital Output
1(DO1)
Red
Black
Digital Output
Red
Black
Ring Master(R.M.)
Green
Black
Ring Fail(R.F.)
Red
Black
Fast Ethernet
Green
Black
Gigabit Ethernet
Green
Black
SFP
Green
Black
Other
2(DO2)
Gray: Plugged but
not link up yet.
Note: No CLI command for this feature.
150
4.14 Save to Flash
Save Configuration allows you to save any configuration you just made to the
Flash. Powering off the switch without clicking on Save Configuration will cause
loss of new settings. After selecting Save Configuration, click on Save to Flash to
save your new configuration.
Command Lines:
Feature
Command Line
Save
SWITCH# write
Building Configuration…
[OK]
Switch# copy running-config startup-config
Building Configuration...
[OK]
151
4.15 Logout
The switch provides two logout methods. The web connection will be logged out
if you don’t input any command after 30 seconds and the Logout command
allows you to manually logout the web connection. Click on Yes to logout, No to
go back the configuration page.
Command Lines:
Feature
Command Line
Logout
SWITCH> exit
SWITCH# exit
152
5 Appendix
5.1
Pin Assignment of the RS-232 Console Cable
The total cable length is 150cm.
RJ45 Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
DB9 Pin
7
9
4
5
1
3
2
8
153
5.2
Private MIB
The private MIB can be found in product CD. Compile the private MIB file by your
SNMP tool. The private MIB tree is the same as the web tree. This is easier to
understand and use. If you are not familiar with standard MIB, you can directly
use private MIB to manage /monitor the switch, no need to learn or find where
the OIDs of the commands are.
154
5.3
ModBus TCP/IP
The Modbus TCP/IP is very similar to Modbus RTU, but transmits data within TCP/IP
Data packets. It was developed in 1979 for industrial automatic communication
system and have becomes a standard protocol for industrial communication for the
transfer discrete analog I/O devices or PLC systems. It defines a simple protocol data
unit independent of the underlying data link layer. The Modbus TCP/IP packet
includes 3 parts - MBAP header, function code and data payload, the MBAP header is
used on TCP/IP header to identify the Modbus application Data Unit and provides
some differences compared to the Modbus RTU application data unit used on serial
line. The MBAP header also includes unit identifier to recognize and communicate
between multiple independent Modbus end units.
The Modbus devices communicate using a master (client) /slave (server) architecture,
only one device can initiate transaction and the others respond to the master/client.
The other devices (slave/server) respond by supplying the requested data to the
master/client, or by taking the action requested in the query. The slave/server can be
any peripheral device (DSC unit, PLC unit, Volt/Current Transducer, network
communication switch) which process information and sends the output data to the
master using Modbus TCP/IP protocol. The Managed Switch operating as slave/server
devices, while a typical master/client device is host computer running appropriate
application software, like as SCADA / HMI system. The transaction architecture like as
the drawing following.
There are three most common Modbus versions, Modbus ASCII, Modbus RTU and
Modbus TCP/IP. Ethernet based device, Industrial Ethernet Switch for example,
155
supports Modbus TCP/IP that it can be polled through Ethernet. Thus the Modbus
TCP master can read or write the Modbus registers provided by the Industrial
Ethernet Switch.
The Managed DIN-Rail Ethernet Switch has implemented Modbus TCP/IP register in
the firmware. Those register mapping to some of Ethernet Switch’s operating
information, includes description, IP address, power status, interface status, interface
information and inbound/outbound packet statistics. With the register supports, user
can read the information through their own Modbus TCP/IP based progress/ display/
monitor applications and monitor the status of the switch easily.
The configuration of Modbus TCP/IP only present in CLI management mode and the
no extra user interface for Web configuration.
5.3.1 Modbus Function Code
The Modbus TCP/IP device uses a subset of the standard Modbus TCP/IP function
code to access device-dependent information. Modbus TCP/IP function code is
defined as below.
FC
Name
Usage
01
Read Coils
Read the state of a digital output
02
Read Input Status
Read the state of a digital input
03
Read Holding Register
Read holding register in 16-bits register format
04
Read Input Registers
Read data in 16-bits register format
05
Write Coil
Write data to force a digital output ON/OFF
06
Write Single Register
Write data in 16-bits register format
15
Force Multiple Coils
Write data to force multiple consecutive coils
The Managed Switch supports the function code 04, which name is Read Input
Registers. With this support, the remove SCADA or other Modbus TCP/IP application
can poll the information of the device and monitor the major status of the switch.
5.3.2 Error Checking
The utilization of the error checking will help eliminate errors caused by noise in the
communication link. In Modbus TCP/IP mode, messages include an error-checking
field that is based on a Cyclical Redundancy Check (CRC) method. The CRC filed
checks the contents of the entire message. It applied regardless of any parity check
method used for the individual BYTE acters of the message. The CRC value is
calculated by the transmitting device, which appends the CRC to the message. The
receiving device recalculates a CRC during receipt of the message, and compares the
156
calculated value to the actual value it received in the CRC filed.
5.3.3 Exception Response
If an error occurs, the slave sends an exception response message to master
consisting of the slave address, function code, exception response code and error
check field. In an exception response, the slave sets the high-order bit (MSB) of the
response function code to one. The exception response codes are listed below.
Code
Name
Descriptions
01
Illegal Function
The message function received is not allowable
action.
02
Illegal Data Address
03
Illegal Data Value
04
Slave Device Failure
05
Acknowledge
06
Slave Device Busy
07
Negative Acknowledge
08
Memory Parity Error
The address referenced in the data field is not valid.
The value referenced at the addressed device
location is no within range.
An unrecoverable error occurred while the slave was
attempting to perform the requested action.
The slave has accepted the request and processing
it, but a long duration of time will be required to do
so.
The slave is engaged in processing a long-duration
program command.
The slave cannot perform the program function
received in the query.
The slave attempted to read extended memory, but
detected a parity error in the memory.
5.3.4 Modbus TCP/IP register table
The Managed Switch start support Modbus TCP/IP client service for the Factory
automation applications.
The command of Modbus only supports in the command line interface- console and
telnet mode that allows user to modify some parameters like as idle time, number of
Modbus master and Modbus service port.
Word Address
Data Type
Description
System Information
0x0000
16 words
Vender Name = “Westermo”
Word 0 Hi byte = ‘K’
Word 0 Lo byte = ‘o’
Word 1 Hi byte = ‘r’
Word 1 Lo byte = ‘e’
Word 2 Hi byte = ‘n’
Word 2 Lo byte = ‘I’
157
Word 2 Hi byte = ‘x’
Word 2 Lo byte = ‘\0’
(other words = 0)
0x0010
16 words
Product Name = " MDI-118-F2G"
Word 0 Hi byte = ‘J’
Word 0 Lo byte = ‘e’
Word 1 Hi byte = ‘T’
Word 1 Lo byte = ‘N’
Word 2 Hi byte = ‘e’
Word 2 Lo byte = ‘t’
Word 3 Hi byte = ‘5’
Word 3 Lo byte = ‘8’
Word 4 Lo byte = ‘2’
Word 4 Hi byte = ‘8’
Word 5 Lo byte = ‘G’
Word 5 Hi byte = ‘\0’
(other words = 0)
0x0020
128 words
SNMP system name (string)
0x00A0
128 words
SNMP system location (string)
0x0120
128 words
SNMP system contact (string)
0x01A0
32 words
SNMP system OID (string)
0x01C0
2 words
System uptime (unsigned long)
0x01C2 to 0x01FF
60 words
Reserved address space
0x0200
2 words
hardware version
0x0202
2 words
S/N information
0x0204
2 words
CPLD version
0x0206
2 words
Boot loader version
0x0208
2 words
Firmware Version
Word 0 Hi byte = major
Word 0 Lo byte = minor
Word 1 Hi byte = reserved
Word 1 Lo byte = reserved
0x020A
2 words
Firmware Release Date
Firmware was released on 2010-08-11 at 09
o’clock
Word 0 = 0x0B09
Word 1 = 0x0A08
0x020C
3 words
Ethernet MAC Address
158
Ex: MAC = 01-02-03-04-05-06
Word 0 Hi byte = 0x01
Word 0 Lo byte = 0x02
Word 1 Hi byte = 0x03
Word 1 Lo byte = 0x04
Word 2 Hi byte = 0x05
Word 2 Lo byte = 0x06
0x020F to 0x2FF
241 words
Reserved address space
0x0300
2 words
IP address
Ex: IP = 192.168.10.1
Word 0 Hi byte = 0xC0
Word 0 Lo byte = 0xA8
Word 1 Hi byte = 0x0A
Word 1 Lo byte = 0x01
0x0302
2 words
Subnet Mask
0x0304
2 words
Default Gateway
0x0306
2 words
DNS Server
0x0308 to 0x3FF
248 words
Reserved address space (IPv6 or others)
0x0400
1 word
AC1
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x0401
1 word
AC2
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x0402
1 word
DC1
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x0403
1 word
DC2
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x0404 to 0x040F
12 words
Reserved address space
0x0410
1 word
DI1
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
159
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x0411
1 word
DI2
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x0412
1 word
DO1
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x0413
1 word
DO2
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x0414 to 0x041F
12 words
Reserved address space
0x0420
1 word
RDY
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
0x0421
1 word
RM
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
0x0422
1 word
RF
0x0000:Off
0x0001:On
0x0423
1 word
RS
0x0423 to
0x0BFF
2103 words
Reserved address space
0x0C00
1 words
Clear all rmon information
Write 0x0001 to clear
Read to return 0x0000
0x0C01
1 words
Clear rmon by bitmap of port 1 to 16
Write to clear
Read to return 0x0000
To clear port 1
Word = 0x0001
To clear port 1 and 2
Word = 0x0003
0x0C02
1 words
Clear rmon by bitmap of port 17 to 32
160
Write to clear
Read to return 0x0000
To clear port 17
Word = 0x0001
To clear port 17 and 18
Word = 0x0003
0x0C03 to
0x0FFF
1021 words
Reserved address space
Port Information (32 Ports)
0x1000 to 0x11FF
16 words
Port Description
0x1200 to
0x121F
1 word
Administrative Status
0x0000: disable
0x0001: enable
0x1220 to
0x123F
1 word
Operating Status
0x0000: disable
0x0001: enable
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x1240 to
1 word
Duplex
0x125F
0x1260 to
0x127F
0x0000: half
0x0001: full
0x0003: auto (half)
0x0004: auto (full)
0x0005: auto
0xFFFF: unavailable
1 word
Speed
0x0001: 10
0x0002: 100
0x0003: 1000
0x0004: 2500
0x0005: 10000
0x0101: auto 10
0x0102: auto 100
0x0103: auto 1000
0x0104: auto 2500
0x0105: auto 10000
0x0100: auto
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x1280 to
1 word
Flow Control
161
0x129F
0x0000: off
0x0001: on
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x12A0 to
0x12BF
1 word
Default Port VLAN ID
0x0001-0xFFFF
0x12C0 to
0x12DF
1 word
Ingress Filtering
0x0000: disable
0x0001: enable
0x12E0 to
1 word
Acceptable Frame Type
0x12FF
0x0000: all
0x0001: tagged frame only
0x1300 to
0x131F
1 word
Port Security
0x0000: disable
0x0001: enable
0x1320 to
0x133F
1 word
Auto Negotiation
0x0000: disable
0x0001: enable
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x1340 to
0x135F
1 word
Loopback Mode
0x0000: none
0x0001: MAC
0x0002: PHY
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x1360 to
0x137F
1 word
STP Status
0x0000: disabled
0x0001: blocking
0x0002: listening
0x0003: learning
0x0004: forwarding
0x1380 to
0x139F
1 word
Default CoS Value for untagged packets
0x13A0 to
0x13BF
1 word
MDIX
0x0000: disable
0x0001: enable
0x0002: auto
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x13C0 to
0x13DF
1 word
Medium mode
0x0000: copper
162
0x0001: fiber
0x0002: none
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x13E0 to
0x13FF
1 word
Medium type
0x0000: none
0x0001: 100baseTX
0x0002: 1000baseT
0x0003: 100BaseFX
0x0004: 1000BaseSX
0x0005: 1000BaseLX
0x0006: other fiber transceiver
0x0007: fiber transceiver is not present
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x1400 to
256 words
Reserved address space
0x14FF
SFP Information (32 Ports)
0x1500 to 0x151F
1 word
SFP Type
0x1520 to 0x153F
1 words
Wave length
0x1540 to 0x157F
2 words
Distance
0x1580 to 0x167F
8 words
Vender
0x1680 to
0x17FF
384 words
Reserved address space
SFP DDM Information (32 Ports)
0x1800 to 0x181F
1 words
Temperature
0x1820 to 0x185F
2 words
Alarm Temperature
0x1860 to 0x187F
1 words
Tx power
0x1880 to 0x18BF
2 words
Warning Tx power
0x18C0 to 0x18DF
1 words
Rx power
0x18E0 to 0x191F
2 words
Warning Rx power
0x1920 to
0x1FFF
1760 words
Reserved address space
Inbound packet information
0x2000 to
0x203F
2 words
Good Octets
0x2040 to
0x207F
2 words
Bad Octets
0x2080 to
0x20BF
2 words
Unicast
163
0x20C0 to
0x20FF
2 words
Broadcast
0x2100 to 0x213F
2 words
Multicast
0x2140 to
0x217F
2 words
Pause
0x2180 to
0x21BF
2 words
Undersize
0x21C0 to
0x21FF
2 words
Fragments
0x2200 to
0x223F
2 words
Oversize
0x2240 to
0x227F
2 words
Jabbers
0x2280 to
2 words
Disacrds
0x22C0 to
0x22FF
2 words
Filtered frames
0x2300 to
2 words
RxError
0x2340 to
0x237F
2 words
FCSError
0x2380 to 0x23BF
2 words
Collisions
0x23C0 to 0x23FF
2 words
Dropped Frames
0x2400 to 0x243F
2 words
Last Activated SysUpTime
0x2440 to
0x24FF
191 words
Reserved address space
0x22BF
0x233F
Outbound packet information
0x2500 to
0x253F
2 words
Good Octets
0x2540 to
0x257F
2 words
Unicast
0x2580 to
0x25BF
2 words
Broadcast
0x25C0 to
0x25FF
2 words
Multicast
0x2600 to
2 words
Pause
2 words
Deferred
0x263F
0x2640 to
164
0x267F
0x2680 to
0x26BF
2 words
Collisions
0x26C0 to
0x26FF
2 words
SingleCollision
0x2700 to
0x273F
2 words
MultipleCollision
0x2740 to
0x277F
2 words
ExcessiveCollision
0x2780 to
0x27BF
2 words
LateCollision
0x27C0 to
0x27FF
2 words
Filtered
0x2800 to 0x283F
2 words
FCSError
0x2840 to
0x29FF
447 words
Reserved address space
Number of frames received and transmitted with a length(in octets)
0x2A00 to
2 words
64
0x2A40 to
0x2A7F
2 words
65 to 127
0x2A80 to
0x2ABF
2 words
128 to 255
0x2AC0 to
0x2AFF
2 words
256 to 511
0x2B00 to
0x2B3F
2 words
512 to 1023
0x2B40 to
0x2B7F
2 words
1024 to maximum size
0x2B80 to
0x2FFF
1152 words
Reserved address space
0x2A3F
Network Redundancy Information
0x3000
10 words
Ring 0’s Name
Ring Name = “Ring0”
Word 0 Hi byte = ‘R’
Word 0 Lo byte = ‘i’
Word 1 Hi byte = ‘n’
Word 1 Lo byte = ‘g’
165
Word 2 Hi byte = ‘0’
Word 2 Lo byte = ‘\0’
(other words = 0)
0x300A
1 word
Ring 0’s Status
0x0000: none
0x0001: disable
0x0002: normal
0x0003: abnormal
0x300B
1 word
Ring 0’s Version
0x0000: none
0x0001: Super Ring
0x0002: Rapid Super Ring
0x0003: Any Ring
0x0004: not support
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x300C
1 word
Ring 0’s Device Role
0x0000: none
0x0001: disable
0x0002: RM (Ring Master)
0x0003: non-RM
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x300D
2 word
Ring 0’s Port List of 1st Ring Port
Word 0 = port 1-16
Word 1 = port 17-32
Ex:
0x0001: Ethernet port 1
0x0002: Ethernet port 2
0x0003: Ethernet port 1 and 2
0x300F
2 word
Ring 0’s Port List of 2nd Ring Port
Word 0 = port 1-16
Word 1 = port 17-32
Ex:
0x0001: Ethernet port 1
0x0002: Ethernet port 2
0x0003: Ethernet port 1 and 2
0x3011
3 words
Ring 0’s Master MAC address
Ex: MAC = 01-02-03-04-05-06
Word 0 Hi byte = 0x01
166
Word 0 Lo byte = 0x02
Word 1 Hi byte = 0x03
Word 1 Lo byte = 0x04
Word 2 Hi byte = 0x05
Word 2 Lo byte = 0x06
0x3014
2 word
Ring 0’s Blocked Port List
Word 0 = port 1-16
Word 1 = port 17-32
Ex:
0x0001: Ethernet port 1
0x0002: Ethernet port 2
0x0003: Ethernet port 1 and 2
0x3016
1 word
Ring 0’s Rapid Dual Homing Status
0x0000: none
0x0001: disable
0x0002: enable
0xFFFF: unavailable
0x3017 to
9 words
Reserved address space
0x301F
0x3020 to
0x303F
Ring 1’s Information
0x3040 to
0x305F
Ring 2’s Information
0x3060 to
0x307F
Ring 3’s Information
0x3080 to
0x309F
Ring 4’s Information
0x30A0 to
0x30BF
Ring 5’s Information
0x30C0 to
0x30DF
Ring 6’s Information
0x30E0 to
0x30FF
Ring 7’s Information
0x3100 to
0x311F
Ring 8’s Information
0x3120 to
Ring 9’s Information
0x313F
0x3140 to
Ring 10’s Information
167
0x315F
0x3160 to
0x317F
Ring 11’s Information
0x3180 to
0x319F
Ring 12’s Information
0x31A0 to
0x31BF
Ring 13’s Information
0x31C0 to
0x31DF
Ring 14’s Information
0x31E0 to
0x31FF
Ring 15’s Information
0x3200 to
0x321F
Ring 16’s Information
0x3220 to
Ring 17’s Information
0x323F
0x3240 to
0x325F
Ring 18’s Information
0x3260 to
Ring 19’s Information
0x327F
0x3280 to
0x329F
Ring 20’s Information
0x32A0 to
0x32BF
Ring 21’s Information
0x32C0 to
0x32DF
Ring 22’s Information
0x32E0 to
0x32FF
Ring 23’s Information
0x3300 to
0x331F
Ring 24’s Information
0x3320 to
0x333F
Ring 25’s Information
0x3340 to
0x335F
Ring 26’s Information
0x3360 to
0x337F
Ring 27’s Information
0x3380 to
Ring 28’s Information
0x339F
0x33A0 to
Ring 29’s Information
168
0x33BF
0x33C0 to
0x33DF
Ring 30’s Information
0x33E0 to
0x33FF
Ring 31’s Information
Note: the Modbus TCP/IP client will return 0xFFFF to Modbus master when pulling
reserved address.
5.3.5 CLI commands for Modbus TCP/IP
The CLI commands of Modbus TCP/IP are listed as following table.
Feature
Command & example
Enable Modbus TCP
Switch(config)# modbus enable
Disable Modbus TCP
Switch(config)# modbus disable
Set Modbus interval time
between request
Switch(config)# modbus idle-timeout
<200-10000> Timeout vlaue: 200-10000ms
Switch(config)# modbus idle-timeout 200  set interval
request time out duration to 200ms.
Set modbus TCP master
communicate session.
Switch(config)# modbus master
<1-20> Max Modbus TCP Master
Switch(config)# modbus master 2  set maximum modbus
master up to 2; maximum support up to 20 modbus
communicate sessions.
Set modbus TCP listening port
Switch(config)# modbus port
port Listening Port
Switch(config)# modbus port 502 ; default modbus TCP
service port is 502.
169
5.4
Revision History
Edition
Date
Modifications
V1.0
2010/11/9
The first release
V1.1
2013/11/12
Add IPv6, Private VLAN, QinQ, Modbus TCP/IP, Advanced
DHCP function (option 82, port based DHCP server)
170
171
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