Wireless-N Access Point
User’s Manual
Version 1.0
(April, 2008)
COPYRIGHT
Copyright ©2008/2009 by this company. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval
system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or
by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or
otherwise, without the prior written permission of this company
This company makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or
implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any
warranties, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Any software
described in this manual is sold or licensed "as is". Should the programs prove
defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not this company, its
distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing,
repair, and any incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect
in the software. Further, this company reserves the right to revise this
publication and to make changes from time to time in the contents thereof
without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
Federal Communication Commission
Interference Statement
FCC Part 15
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution
This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with provided
instructions and a minimum 20 cm spacing must be provided between computer
mounted antenna and person’s body (excluding extremities of hands, wrist and feet)
during wireless modes of operation.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the authority to operate equipment.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation Exposure
Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency
exposure limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20cm (8 inches)
during normal operation.
The antenna(s) used for this transmitter must not be co-located or operating in
conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
R&TTE Compliance Statement
This equipment complies with all the requirements of DIRECTIVE 1999/5/EC OF
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL of March 9, 1999 on radio
equipment and telecommunication terminal Equipment and the mutual recognition of
their conformity (R&TTE).
The R&TTE Directive repeals and replaces in the directive 98/13/EEC
(Telecommunications Terminal Equipment and Satellite Earth Station Equipment) As
of April 8, 2000.
Safety
This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install
and use it. However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric shock
and static electricity when working with electrical equipment. All guidelines of this
and of the computer manufacture must therefore be allowed at all times to ensure the
safe use of the equipment.
EU Countries Intended for Use
The ETSI version of this device is intended for home and office use in Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
The ETSI version of this device is also authorized for use in EFTA member states:
Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.
EU Countries Not intended for use
None.
CATALOG
Chapter I: Product Information ................................................................1
1-1 Product Introduction ........................................................................................1
1-2 Safety Information...........................................................................................2
1-3 System Requirements ......................................................................................3
1-4 Package Contents.............................................................................................4
1-5 Familiar with your new wireless access point .................................................5
Chapter II: System and Network Setup ....................................................7
2-1 Installing the access point to your Network ....................................................7
2-2 Connecting to wireless access point by web browser......................................8
2-2-1 Windows 95/98/Me IP address setup ............................................................... 8
2-2-2 Windows 2000 IP address setup..................................................................... 10
2-2-3 Windows XP IP address setup........................................................................ 12
2-2-4 Windows Vista IP address setup..................................................................... 14
2-2-5 Connecting to Web Management Interface .................................................... 17
2-3 View System Status and Information ............................................................19
2-4 Select an Operating Mode for Wireless Access Point ...................................21
2-4-1 AP Mode......................................................................................................... 23
2-4-1-1 Multiple ESSID................................................................................... 25
2-4-2 Station-Infrastructure ..................................................................................... 26
2-4-2-1 Wireless Site Survey ........................................................................... 29
2-4-3 AP Bridge-Point to Point Mode ..................................................................... 30
2-4-4 AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point Mode ........................................................... 32
2-4-5 AP Bridge-WDS Mode .................................................................................. 34
2-4-6 Universal Repeater......................................................................................... 36
2-5 WPS Setting...................................................................................................39
2-6 Advanced Wireless Settings...........................................................................42
2-7 Wireless Security ...........................................................................................45
2-7-1 Disable Security ............................................................................................. 47
2-7-2 WEP ............................................................................................................... 48
2-7-3 WPA Pre-shared Key...................................................................................... 50
2-7-4 WPA RADIUS................................................................................................ 52
2-7-5 802.1x Authentication .................................................................................... 54
2-8 Radius Server.................................................................................................56
2-9 MAC Filtering ...............................................................................................59
2-10 System Utilities............................................................................................61
2-10-1 Change Password ......................................................................................... 61
2-10-2 IP Address of the Wireless Access Point ...................................................... 62
2-10-3 DHCP Server................................................................................................ 64
Chapter III: Advanced Configuration ....................................................66
3-1 Configuration Backup and Restore................................................................66
3-2 Firmware Upgrade.........................................................................................67
3-3 System Reset..................................................................................................68
Chapter IV: Appendix ..............................................................................69
4-1 Hardware Specification .................................................................................69
4-2 Troubleshooting .............................................................................................70
4-3 Glossary .........................................................................................................72
Chapter I: Product Information
1-1 Product Introduction
Thank you for purchasing this wireless access point! With this high
cost-efficiency wireless access point, computers and wireless devices
which are compatible with 802.11 Draft-N can connect to existing wired
Ethernet network via this wireless access point, at the speed of 300Mbps.
Easy install procedures allows any computer users to setup a network
environment in very short time - within minutes, even inexperienced
users. Just follow the instructions given in this user manual, you can
complete the setup procedure and release the power of this access point
all by yourself!
Other features of this access point including:
•
Compatible with IEEE 802.11b/g/Draft-N wireless network standard works with other 802.11b/g/Draft-N wireless devices.
•
High speed wireless network, six times faster than conventional
802.11g wireless network (up to 300Mbps).
•
Allow wireless devices to connect to existing wired network and share
network resources.
•
•
•
Supports DHCP server function.
Supports 64/128-bit WEP, WPA, and WPA2 wireless data encryption.
Supports MAC address filtering (Only allow specific wireless device of
your choice to connect to this access point).
•
Supports RADIUS server, only allow users listed in your authorization
server to use wireless network.
•
Supports WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup), simplifies wireless client setup
procedures. Even inexperienced user can setup wireless network
without network technician’s help!
• Easy to use web-based GUI (Graphical User Interface) for network
configuration and management purposes.
1
1-2 Safety Information
In order to keep the safety of users and your properties, please follow the
following safety instructions:
1. This access point is designed for indoor use only; DO NOT place this
access point outdoor.
2. DO NOT put this access point at or near hot or humid places, like
kitchen or bathroom. Also, do not left this access point in the car in
summer.
3. DO NOT pull any connected cable with force; disconnect it from the
access point first.
4. If you want to place this access point at high places or hang on the wall,
please make sure the access point is firmly secured. Falling from high
places would damage the access point and its accessories, and warranty
will be void.
5. Accessories of this access point, like antenna and power supply, are
danger to small children under 3 years old. They may put the small parts
in their nose or month and it could cause serious damage to them. KEEP
THIS ACCESS POINT OUT THE REACH OF CHILDREN!
6. The access point will become hot when being used for long time (This
is normal and is not a malfunction). DO NOT put this access point on
paper, cloth, or other flammable materials.
7. There’s no user-serviceable part inside the access point. If you found
that the access point is not working properly, please contact your dealer
of purchase and ask for help. DO NOT disassemble the access point,
warranty will be void.
8. If the access point falls into water when it’s powered, DO NOT use
your hand to pick it up. Switch the electrical power off before you do
anything, or contact an experienced electrical technician for help.
9. If you smell something strange or even see some smoke coming out
from the access point or power supply, remove the power supply or
switch the electrical power off immediately, and call dealer of purchase
for help.
2
1-3 System Requirements
z
z
Computer or network devices with wired or wireless network interface
card.
Web browser (Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 or above, Netscape
z
Navigator 4.7 or above, Opera web browser, or Safari web browser).
An available AC power socket (100 – 240 V, 50/60Hz)
3
1-4 Package Contents
Before you starting to use this access point, please check if there’s
anything missing in the package, and contact your dealer of purchase to
claim for missing items:
□
□
□
□
Wireless Access point (main body, 1 pcs)
3dBi Dipole Antenna (2 pcs)
User manual (1 pcs)
A/C power adapter (1 pcs)
4
1-5 Familiar with your new wireless access point
Front Panel
LED Name
PWR
WLAN
LAN
Light Status Description
On
The access point is switched on and correctly
powered.
On
Wireless WPS mode is enabled.
Off
Wireless network is switched off.
Flashing
Wireless LAN activity (transferring or receiving
data).
On
LAN port is connected
Off
LAN port is not connected
Flashing
LAN activity (transferring or receiving data)
5
Back Panel
Item Name
Description
Antennas
Two reserve SMA antenna connectors for screwing 3dBi
detachable antennas enclosed with the product.
Power
Power connector, connects to A/C power adapter.
Reset / WPS
Reset the router to factory default settings (clear all settings) or
start WPS function. Press this button and hold for 10 seconds to
restore all settings to factory defaults, and press this button for less
than 5 seconds to start WPS function.
LAN
Local Area Network (LAN) port.
6
Chapter II: System and Network Setup
2-1 Installing the access point to your Network
Please follow the following instruction to build the network connection
between your new wireless access point and your computers, network
devices:
1. Connect the access point to ADSL modem, router, or switch/hub in
your network through the LAN port of the access point by Ethernet
cable.
2. Connect the A/C power adapter to the wall socket, and then connect it
to the ‘Power’ socket of the access point.
3. Please check all LEDs on the front panel. ‘PWR’ LED should be
steadily on, LAN LEDs should be on if the access point is correctly
connected to the ADSL modem, router or switch/hub. If PWD LED is
not on, or any LED you expected is not on, please recheck the cabling,
or jump to ‘4-2 Troubleshooting’ for possible reasons and solution.
7
2-2 Connecting to wireless access point by web browser
After the network connection is built, the next step you should do is
setup the access point with proper network parameters, so it can work
properly in your network environment.
Before you can connect to the access point and start configuration
procedures, your computer must be able to get an IP address
automatically (use dynamic IP address). If it’s set to use static IP address,
or you’re unsure, please follow the following instructions to configure
your computer to use dynamic IP address:
If the operating system of your computer is….
Windows 95/98/Me
Windows 2000
Windows XP
Windows Vista
- please go to section 2-2-1
- please go to section 2-2-2
- please go to section 2-2-3
please go to section 2-2-4
2-2-1 Windows 95/98/Me IP address setup
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Double-click Network icon, and
Network window will appear. Select ‘TCP/IP’, then click ‘Properties’.
8
2. Select ‘Specify an IP address’, then input the following settings in
respective field:
IP address: 192.168.2.2
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
click ‘OK’ when finish.
9
2-2-2 Windows 2000 IP address setup
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Double-click Network and Dial-up
Connections icon, double click Local Area Connection, and Local Area
Connection Properties window will appear. Select ‘Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP)’, then click ‘Properties’
10
2. Select ‘Use the following IP address’, then input the following settings
in respective field:
IP address: 192.168.2.2
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
click ‘OK’ when finish.
11
2-2-3 Windows XP IP address setup
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Double-click Network and Internet
Connections icon, click Network Connections, and then double-click
Local Area Connection, Local Area Connection Status window will
appear, and then click ‘Properties’
12
2. Select ‘Use the following IP address’, then input the following settings
in respective field:
IP address: 192.168.2.2
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
click ‘OK’ when finish.
13
2-2-4 Windows Vista IP address setup
1. Click ‘Start’ button (it should be located at lower-left corner of your
computer), then click control panel. Click View Network Status and
Tasks, then click Manage Network Connections..Right-click Local Area
Netwrok, then select ‘Properties’. Local Area Connection Properties
window will appear, select ‘Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP / IPv4), and
then click ‘Properties’
14
2. Select ‘Use the following IP address’, then input the following settings
in respective field:
IP address: 192.168.2.2
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
click ‘OK’ when finish.
15
16
2-2-5 Connecting to Web Management Interface
All functions and settings of this access point must be configured via web
management interface. Please start your web browser, and input
‘192.168.2.1’ in address bar, then press ‘Enter’ key. The following
message should be shown:
Please input user name and password in the field respectively, default
user name is ‘admin’, and default password is ‘1234’, then press ‘OK’
button, and you can see the web management interface of this access
point:
17
NOTE: If you can’t see the web management interface, and you’re
being prompted to input user name and password again, it means you
didn’t input username and password correctly. Please retype user
name and password again. If you’re certain about the user name and
password you type are correct, please go to ‘4-2 Troubleshooting’ to
perform a factory reset, to set the password back to default value.
18
2-3 View System Status and Information
After you connected to the access point by web browser, the first thing
you see is ‘Status and Information’ page. All system and network related
information of this access point will be displayed here. The information is
very helpful when you want to know the detailed information of your
access point, and when you try to fix the communication problem
between this access point and other wired / wireless computer / devices.
You can click ‘Home’ on the left, and the system status and information
will be displayed, as shown below:
Here are descriptions of every item:
Up time
Hardware Version
Displays the total passed time since the wireless
access point is powered.
Displays hardware version. This information is
helpful when you need online help from the dealer
of purchase.
19
Runtime Code
Version
Mode
ESSID
Channel Number
Security
BSSID
Associated Clients
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Default Gateway
MAC address
Displays current firmware version. If you want to
perform firmware upgrade, this number will help
you to determine if you need such upgrade.
Displays current wireless operating mode (see next
Section)
Displays current ESSID (the name used to identify
this wireless access point)
Displays current wireless channel number
Displays current wireless security setting
Displays current BSSID (a set of unique
identification name of this access point, it can not
be modified by user)
Displays the number of connected wireless client
Displays the IP address of this wireless access
point
Displays the net mask of IP address
Displays the IP address of default gateway
Displays the MAC address of LAN interface
20
2-4 Select an Operating Mode for Wireless Access Point
This access point can be operated in different modes; you can click ‘Basic
Setting’ on the left of web management interface to select an operating
mode you want to meet for different needs:
You can click ‘Mode’ dropdown menu to select operating mode, and there
are 6 operating modes available:
AP
Access point mode, allows wireless clients to
connect to access point and exchange data with
the devices connected to the wired network.
Station-Infrastructure Enable the Ethernet device such us TV and Game
player connected to the access point to a wireless
client.
AP Bridge-Point to
Establish wireless connection with another
Point
wireless access point using the same mode, and
link the wired network which these two wireless
access points connected to together. Only one
21
AP Bridge-Point to
Multi-Point
AP Bridge-WDS
Universal Repeater
access point can be connected in this mode.
Establish wireless connection with other wireless
access points using the same mode, and link the
wired network which these wireless access points
connected to together. Up to 4 access points can
be connected in this mode.
This mode is similar to ‘AP Bridge to
Multi-Point’, but access point is not work in
bridge-dedicated mode, and will be able to accept
wireless clients while the access point is working
as a wireless bridge.
This product can act as a wireless range extender
that will help you to extend the networking
wirelessly. The access point can act as Station and
AP at the same time. It can use Station function to
connect to a Root AP and use AP function to
service all wireless clients within its coverage.
Please select one wireless operating mode, for detailed descriptions of
every operating mode; please refer to Section 2-4-1 to 2-4-6 listed below.
22
2-4-1 AP Mode
This is the most common mode. When in AP mode, this access point acts
as a bridge between 802.11b/g/Draft-N wireless devices and wired
Ethernet network, and exchange data between them.
When you select ‘AP’, the following options will be displayed:
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Band
Please select the wireless band you wish to use. By
selecting different band setting, you’ll be able to
allow or deny the wireless client of a certain band.
If you select 2.4GHz (B), 2.4GHz (N), or 2.4GHz
(G), only wireless clients using the wireless band
you select (802.11b, 802.11 Draft-N, or 802.11g)
will be able to connect to this access point.
If you select 2.4GHz (B+G), then only wireless
clients using 802.11b and 802.11g band will be
able to connect to this access point.
Main ESSID
If you want to allow 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11
Draft-N clients to connect to this access point,
select 2.4GHz (B+G+N).
Please input the ESSID (the name used to identify
this wireless access point) here. You can input up
to 32 alphanumerical characters. PLEASE NOTE
23
Multiple ESSID
Channel Number
Associated Clients
THAT ESSID IS CASE SENSITIVE.
The access point supports multiple SSID function;
up to four SSIDs can be set. If you want to
configure additional SSIDs, please click this
button. For detailed descriptions of the function,
please refer to Section 2-4-1-1.
Please select a channel number you wish to use. If
you know a certain channel number is being used
by other wireless access points nearby, please
refrain from using the same channel number
Click ‘Show Active Clients’ button and a new
popup window will appear which contains the
information about all wireless clients connected to
this access point. You can click ‘Refresh’ button in
popup window to keep information up-to-date.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
24
2-4-1-1 Multiple ESSID
This access point supports four SSIDs. Except the main SSID (It can be
configure in Basic Setting page), you can configure another three of
SSIDs here. With different SSIDs, you can separate the wireless networks
with different SSID name, wireless security, WMM, and VLAN settings.
NOTE: If you want to configure the wireless security for different
SSID, please go to ‘2-7 Wireless Security’ for more information.
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
No.
Enable
SSID
Except Main SSID, you can configure additional
three ESSID here.
Select the box to enable the different additional
ESSID.
Please input the SSID name (the name used to
identify this wireless access point) here. You can
input up to 32 alphanumerical characters.
PLEASE NOTE THAT ESSID IS CASE
SENSITIVE.
25
Broadcast SSID
WMM
VLAN ID
(0:Untagged)
Decide if the wireless access point will broadcast
its own ESSID or not. You can hide the ESSID of
your wireless access point (set the option to
‘Disable’), so only people those who know the
ESSID of your wireless access point can get
connected.
WMM (Wi-Fi Multimedia) technology, which can
improve the performance of certain network
applications, like audio/video streaming, network
telephony (VoIP), and others. When you enable
WMM function, the access point will define the
priority of different kinds of data, to give higher
priority to applications which require instant
responding. Therefore you can improve the
performance of such network applications.
If your network uses VLANs, you can assign the
SSID to a VLAN on your network. Client devices
that associate using the SSID are grouped into this
VLAN. The VLAN ID range is from 1 to 4094. The
VLAN ID is 0 by default, it means that disable the
VLAN function for the ESSID.
2-4-2 Station-Infrastructure
In this mode, you can connect the access point to Ethernet device such us
TV and Game player to enable the Ethernet device be a wireless station
and join to a wireless network through an access point or AP router.
26
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Band
Please select the wireless band you wish to use. By
selecting different band setting, you’ll be able to
allow or deny the wireless client of a certain band.
If you select 2.4GHz (B), 2.4GHz (N), or 2.4GHz
(G), only wireless clients using the wireless band
you select (802.11b, 802.11 Draft-N, or 802.11g)
will be able to connect to this access point.
If you select 2.4GHz (B+G), then only wireless
clients using 802.11b and 802.11g band will be
able to connect to this access point.
Main ESSID
Site Survey
WLAN MAC
If you want to allow 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11
Draft-N clients to connect to this access point,
select 2.4GHz (B+G+N).
Please input the ESSID (the name used to identify
this wireless access point) here. You can input up
to 32 alphanumerical characters. PLEASE NOTE
THAT ESSID IS CASE SENSITIVE.
When you use this access point as a wireless
station for Ethernet network device to have
wireless capability, you have to associate it with a
working access point. Click ‘Select Site Survey’
button, then a “Wireless Site Survey Table” will
pop up. It will list all available access points near
by. You can select one access point in the table and
it will join wireless LAN through this access point.
Please go to Section 2-4-2-1 for more information
about the ‘Wireless Site Survey Table’.
For some applications, you may need to designate
a specific MAC address for the access point.
Please enter the MAC address here. If you are
connecting the access point to a computer, you can
simply press ‘Clone Mac address’ button to fill the
MAC address field with the MAC address of your
27
Auto MAC Clone
computer.
If this function is enabled, the access point will
automatically clone the MAC address of the
wireless clients which is the first one to associate
to the access point while the access point is
powered on.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
28
2-4-2-1 Wireless Site Survey
The table will list the access points nearby as the access point is set to
Station mode; you can select one of the access points to associate.
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Select
Channel
SSID
BSSID
Encryption
Authentication
Signal
Click the radio button to select the access point.
Display to channel number of the access point.
Display the SSID name of the access point.
Display the BSSID (MAC Address) of the access
point.
Display the encryption setting of the access points.
If you have selected the access point with security
setting, you have to go to ‘2-7 Wireless Security’ to
set the same security with the access point you
want to associate.
Display the authentication type of the access point.
The signal strength of each access point will be
displayed here. The signal strength is stronger, the
29
Mode
Refresh
Connection
connection quality is better.
Display the wireless modes include 11b, 11b/g or
11b/g/n or 11n only of the access points.
Click this button to refresh the table.
Select an access point and click this button to
choose the network. The SSID name of the access
point you have selected will be displayed in the
Main SSID in the Basic Setting page.
2-4-3 AP Bridge-Point to Point Mode
In this mode, this wireless access point will connect to another wireless
access point which uses the same mode, and all wired Ethernet clients of
both wireless access points will be connected together. You can use this
mode to connect a network to another network which is physically
isolated.
Please note that when you set your access point to this mode, it will not
accept regular wireless clients anymore.
When you select ‘AP Bridge-Point to Point’, the following options will
be displayed:
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Band
Please select the wireless band you wish to use. By
selecting different band setting, you’ll be able to
allow or deny the wireless client of a certain band.
30
If you select 2.4GHz (B), 2.4GHz (N), or 2.4GHz
(G), only wireless clients using the wireless band
you select (802.11b, 802.11 Draft-N, or 802.11g)
will be able to connect to this access point.
If you select 2.4GHz (B+G), then only wireless
clients using 802.11b and 802.11g band will be
able to connect to this access point.
Channel Number
MAC address 1
Set Security
If you want to allow 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11
Draft-N clients to connect to this access point,
select 2.4GHz (B+G+N).
Please select a channel number you wish to use.
The channel number must be same with another
wireless access point you wish to connect
Please input the MAC address of the wireless
access point you wish to connect
Click this button to select an encryption mode for
this wireless link, a new popup window will
appear. Please refer to Section 2-7 for detailed
descriptions.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully saved,
you can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
31
2-4-4 AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point Mode
In this mode, this wireless access point will connect to up to four wireless
access points which uses the same mode, and all wired Ethernet clients of
every wireless access points will be connected together. You can use this
mode to connect a network to other networks which is physically isolated.
Please note that when you set your access point to this mode, it will not
accept regular wireless clients anymore.
When you select ‘AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point’, the following options
will be displayed:
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Band
Please select the wireless band you wish to use. By
selecting different band setting, you’ll be able to
allow or deny the wireless client of a certain band.
If you select 2.4GHz (B), 2.4GHz (N), or 2.4GHz
(G), only wireless clients using the wireless band
you select (802.11b, 802.11 Draft-N, or 802.11g)
will be able to connect to this access point.
If you select 2.4GHz (B+G), then only wireless
clients using 802.11b and 802.11g band will be
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able to connect to this access point.
Channel Number
MAC address 1-4
Set Security
If you want to allow 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11
Draft-N clients to connect to this access point,
select 2.4GHz (B+G+N).
Please select a channel number you wish to use.
The channel number must be same with another
wireless access point you wish to connect
Please input the MAC address of the wireless
access point you wish to connect
Click this button to select an encryption mode for
this wireless link, a new popup window will
appear. Please refer to Section 2-7 for detailed
descriptions.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-4-5 AP Bridge-WDS Mode
In this mode, this wireless access point will connect to up to four wireless
access points which uses the same mode, and all wired Ethernet clients of
every wireless access points will be connected together. You can use this
mode to connect a network to other networks which is physically isolated.
When you use this mode, this access point is still able to accept wireless
clients.
When you select ‘AP Bridge-WDS’, the following options will be
displayed:
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Band
Please select the wireless band you wish to use. By
selecting different band setting, you’ll be able to
allow or deny the wireless client of a certain band.
If you select 2.4GHz (B), 2.4GHz (N), or 2.4GHz
(G), only wireless clients using the wireless band
you select (802.11b, 802.11 Draft-N, or 802.11g)
will be able to connect to this access point.
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If you select 2.4GHz (B+G), then only wireless
clients using 802.11b and 802.11g band will be
able to connect to this access point.
MAIN ESSID
Multiple ESSID
Channel Number
Associated Clients
MAC address 1-4
Set Security
If you want to allow 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11
Draft-N clients to connect to this access point,
select 2.4GHz (B+G+N).
Please input the ESSID (the name used to identify
this wireless access point) here. You can input up
to 32 alphanumerical characters. PLEASE NOTE
THAT ESSID IS CASE SENSITIVE.
The access point supports multiple SSID function;
up to four SSIDs can be set. If you want to
configure additional SSIDs, please click this
button. For detailed descriptions of the function,
please refer to Section 2-4-1-1.
Please select a channel number you wish to use.
The channel number must be same with another
wireless access point you wish to connect
Click ‘Show Active Clients’ button and a new
popup window will appear which contains the
information about all wireless clients connected to
this access point. You can click ‘Refresh’ button in
popup window to keep information up-to-date.
Please input the MAC address of the wireless
access point you wish to connect
Click this button to select an encryption mode for
this wireless link, a new popup window will
appear. Please refer to Section 2-7 for detailed
descriptions.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
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When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
2-4-6 Universal Repeater
In this mode, the access point can act as a wireless repeater; it can be
Station and AP at the same time. It can use Station function to connect to
a Root AP and use AP function to service all wireless stations within its
coverage.
NOTE: For Repeater Mode, this access point will demodulate the
received signal, checking if this signal is noise for the operating
network then have the signal modulated and amplified again. The
output power of this mode is the same as that of WDS and normal
AP mode.
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Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Band
Please select the wireless band you wish to use. By
selecting different band setting, you’ll be able to
allow or deny the wireless client of a certain band.
If you select 2.4GHz (B), 2.4GHz (N), or 2.4GHz
(G), only wireless clients using the wireless band
you select (802.11b, 802.11 Draft-N, or 802.11g)
will be able to connect to this access point.
If you select 2.4GHz (B+G), then only wireless
clients using 802.11b and 802.11g band will be
able to connect to this access point.
MAIN SSID
Multiple ESSID
Channel Number
Associated Clients
Root AP SSID
If you want to allow 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11
Draft-N clients to connect to this access point,
select 2.4GHz (B+G+N).
Please input the ESSID (the name used to identify
this wireless access point) here. You can input up
to 32 alphanumerical characters. PLEASE NOTE
THAT ESSID IS CASE SENSITIVE.
The access point supports multiple SSID function;
up to four SSIDs can be set. If you want to
configure additional SSIDs, please click this
button. For detailed descriptions of the function,
please refer to Section 2-4-1-1.
Please select a channel number you wish to use.
The channel number must be same with another
wireless access point you wish to connect
Click ‘Show Active Clients’ button and a new
popup window will appear which contains the
information about all wireless clients connected to
this access point. You can click ‘Refresh’ button in
popup window to keep information up-to-date
In ‘Universal Repeater’ mode, this device can act
as a station to connect to a Root AP. You should
assign the SSID of the Root AP here or click
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Select Site Survey
‘Select Site Survey’ button to choose a Root AP.
Click ‘Select Site Survey’ button, then a “Wireless
Site Survey Table” will pop up. It will list all
available access points near by. You can select one
access point in the table and the access point will
join wireless LAN through this access point. Please
go to Section 2-4-2-1 for more information about
the ‘Wireless Site Survey Table’.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-5 WPS Setting
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the simplest way to build connection
between wireless network clients and this access point. You don’t have to
select encryption mode and input a long encryption passphrase every time
when you need to setup a wireless client, you only have to press a button
on wireless client and this access point, and the WPS will do the setup for
you.
This access point supports two types of WPS: Push-Button Configuration
(PBC), and PIN code. If you want to use PBC, you have to switch this
access point to WPS mode and push a specific button on the wireless
client to start WPS mode. You can push Reset/WPS button of this access
point, or click ‘Start PBC’ button in the web configuration interface to do
this; if you want to use PIN code, you have to provide the PIN code of the
wireless client you wish to connect to this access point and then switch
the wireless client to WPS mode. The detailed instructions are listed
follow:
Note: WPS function of this access point will not work for those
wireless clients do not support WPS.
To use WPS function to set encrypted connection between this access
point and WPS-enabled wireless client by WPS, click ‘WPS Setting’ on
the left of web management menu, and the following information will be
displayed:
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Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Enable WPS
Wi-Fi Protected
Setup Information
Check this box to enable or disable WPS function
All information related to WPS will be displayed
here, they’re helpful when you’re setting up
connections by WPS.
WPS Status: Displays WPS status. If data
encryption settings of this access point has never
been set, ‘unConfigured’ message will be displayed
her. (see Section 2-7 for detailed information); if
data encryption settings has been set before,
‘Configured’ message will be displayed here.
Self PinCode: This is the WPS PIN code of this
access point. This code is useful when you need to
build wireless connection by WPS with other
WPS-enabled wireless devices.
SSID: Displays the SSID (ESSID) of this access
point.
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Authentication Mode: The wireless security
authentication mode of this access point will be
displayed here. If you don’t enable security
function of the access point before WPS is
activated, the access point will auto set the security
to WPA (AES) and generate a set of passphrase key
for WPS connection.
Config Mode
Start PBC
Start PIN
Passphrase Key: Displays the WPA passphrase
here, all characters will be replaced by asterisk for
security reason. If encryption is not set on this
access point, nothing will be displayed here.
There are ‘Registrar’ and ‘Enrollee’ modes for the
WPS connection. When ‘Registrar’ is enabled, the
wireless clients will follow the access point’s
wireless settings for WPS connection. When
‘Enrolle’ mode is enabled, the access point will
follow the wireless settings of wireless client for
WPS connection.
Click ‘Start PBC’ to start Push-Button style WPS
setup procedure. This access point will wait for
WPS requests from wireless clients for 2 minutes.
The ‘WLAN’ LED on the access point will be
steady on for 2 minutes when this access point is
waiting for incoming WPS request.
Please input the PIN code of the wireless client
you via client wish to connect, and click ‘Start PIN’
button. The ‘WLAN’ LED on the access point will
be steady on when this access point is waiting for
incoming WPS request.
NOTE: When you’re using PBC type WPS setup, you must press
‘PBC’ button (hardware or software) of wireless client within 120
seconds; if you didn’t press PBC button of wireless client within
this time period, please press ‘PBC’ button (hardware or software)
of this access point again.
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2-6 Advanced Wireless Settings
This wireless access point has many advanced wireless features. Please
note that all settings listed here are for experienced users only, if you’re
not sure about the meaning and function of these settings, please don’t
modify them, or the wireless performance will be reduced.
You can click ‘Advanced Setting’ on the left to enter advanced settings
menu, and the following message will be displayed:
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Fragment
Threshold
RTS Threshold
Beacon Interval
Set the Fragment threshold of wireless radio. Do
not modify default value if you don’t know what it
is, default value is 2346
Set the RTS threshold of wireless radio. Do not
modify default value if you don’t know what it is,
default value is 2347
Set the beacon interval of wireless radio. Do not
modify default value if you don’t know what it is,
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DTIM Period
Data Rate
N Data Rate
Channel Width
Preamble Type
Broadcast ESSID
WMM
CTS Protect
default value is 100
Set the DTIM period of wireless radio. Do not
modify default value if you don’t know what it is,
default value is 3
Set the wireless data transfer rate to a certain
value. Since most of wireless devices will negotiate
with each other and pick a proper data transfer
rate automatically, it’s not necessary to change
this value unless you know what will happen after
modification.
Set the data rate of 802.11 Draft-N clients,
available options are MCS 0 to MCS 15, it’s safe to
set this option to ‘Auto’ and it’s not necessary to
change this value unless you know what will
happen after modification.
Select wireless channel width (bandwidth taken by
wireless signals of this access point). It’s suggested
to select ‘Auto 20/40MHz’. Do not change to ’20
MHz’ unless you know what it is.
Set the type of preamble of wireless radio, Do not
modify default value if you don’t know what it is,
default setting is ‘Short Preamble’.
Decide if the wireless access point will broadcast
its own ESSID or not. You can hide the ESSID of
your wireless access point (set the option to
‘Disable’), so only people those who know the
ESSID of your wireless access point can get
connected.
WMM (Wi-Fi Multimedia) technology, which can
improve the performance of certain network
applications, like audio/video streaming, network
telephony (VoIP), and others. When you enable
WMM function, the access point will define the
priority of different kinds of data, to give higher
priority to applications which require instant
responding. Therefore you can improve the
performance of such network applications.
Enabling this setting will reduce the chance of
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radio signal collisions between 802.11b and
802.11g wireless access points. It’s recommended
to set this option to ‘Auto’.
TX Power
You can set the output power of wireless radio.
Unless you’re using this wireless access point in a
really big space, you may not have to set output
power to 100%. This will enhance security
(malicious / unknown users in distance will not
be able to reach your wireless access point).
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-7 Wireless Security
This wireless access point provides many types of wireless security
(wireless data encryption). When you use data encryption, data
transferred by radio signals in the air will become unreadable for those
people who don’t know correct encryption key (encryption password).
There are two ways to set wireless security:
1. Click ‘Security’ on the left of web management interface.
2. Click ‘Set Security’ button when the wireless operating mode you
selected is ‘AP Bridge-Point to Point’, ‘AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point’,
or ‘AP Bridge-WDS’.
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There are four types of security level you can select: Disable (no security
- data encryption disabled), WEP, WPA Pre-shared Key, and WPA Radius.
Please refer to the following sections for detailed instructions.
NOTE: If you have enabled Multiple SSID function, please select
the SSID network you wish to configure in advance.
Please remember it’s very important to set wireless security settings
properly! Without a proper setting, hackers and intruders may gain access
to your local network and do something bad to your computers and
servers, which could cause serious problem.
There are several things you can do to improve wireless security:
1. Always enable data encryption. Only disable it when you want to open
your wireless access point to the public.
2. Never use simple words as encryption password. Use the random
combination of symbols, numbers, and alphabets will greatly improve
security.
3. Use WPA when possible - it's much safer than WEP.
4. Change encryption password when you’ve used it for too long time.
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2-7-1 Disable Security
Select the SSID you wish to configure. When you select ‘Disable’,
wireless encryption for the network is disabled.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-7-2 WEP
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a common encryption mode, it’s safe
enough for home and personal use. But if you need higher level of
security, please consider using WPA encryption (see next Section).
However, some wireless clients don’t support WPA, but only support
WEP, so WEP is still a good choice for you if you have such kind of
client in your network environment.
When you select ‘WEP’ as encryption type, the following messages will
be displayed:
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Key Length
Key Format
There are two types of WEP key length: 64-bit and
128-bit. Using ‘128-bit’ is safer than ’64-bit’, but
will reduce some data transfer performance.
There are two types of key format: ASCII and Hex.
When you select a key format, the number of
characters of key will be displayed. For example, if
you select ’64-bit’ as key length, and ‘Hex’ as key
format, you’ll see the message at the right of ‘Key
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Default Tx Key
Encryption Key 1
to 4
Enable 802.1x
Authentication
Format’ is ‘Hex (10 characters), which means the
length of WEP key is 10 characters.
You can set up to four sets of WEP key, and you
can decide which key is being used by default here.
If you don’t know which one you should use,
select ‘Key 1’.
Input WEP key characters here, the number of
characters must be the same as the number
displayed at ‘Key Format’ field. You can use any
alphanumerical characters (0-9, a-z, and A-Z) if
you select ‘ASCII’ key format, and if you select
‘Hex’ as key format, you can use characters 0-9,
a-f, and A-F. You must enter at least one encryption
key here, and if you entered multiple WEP keys,
they should not be same with each other.
Check this box to enable 802.1x user
authentication. Please refer to Section 2-7-5 for
detailed instructions.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-7-3 WPA Pre-shared Key
WPA Pre-shared key is the safest encryption method currently, and it’s
recommended to use this encryption method to ensure the safety of your
data.
When you select ‘WPA pre-shared key’ as encryption type, the following
messages will be displayed:
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
WPA Unicast
Cipher Suite
Pre-shared Key
Format
Pre-shared Key
Available options are: WPA (TKIP), WPA2 (AES),
and WPA2 Mixed. You can select one of them, but
you have to make sure your wireless client support
the cipher you selected.
Please select the format of pre-shared key here,
available options are ‘Passphrase’ (8 to 63
alphanumerical characters) and ‘Hex (64
hexadecimal characters – 0 to 9 and a to f).
Please input pre-shared key according to the key
format you selected here. For security reason,
don’t use simple words).
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
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When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-7-4 WPA RADIUS
WPA Radius is the combination of WPA encryption method and RADIUS
user authentication. If you have a RADIUS authentication server, you can
check the identify of every wireless client by user database.
When you select ‘WPA RADIUS’ as encryption type, the following
messages will be displayed:
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
WPA Unicast
Cipher Suite
You can select WPA encryption type here. AES is
safer than TKIP, but not every wireless client
supports it. Please refer to the specification of your
wireless client to decide which encryption type you
should use.
Use internal MD5 Uses built-in RADIUS Server (refer to Section 2-8)
RADIUS Server
instead of external RADIUS server. If you check
this box, the value in following three fields will be
ignored.
RADIUS Server IP Please input the IP address of RADIUS
address
authentication server here.
RADIUS Server
Please input the port number of RADIUS
Port
authentication server here. Default value is 1812.
RADIUS Server
Please input the password of RADIUS
Password
authentication server here.
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After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-7-5 802.1x Authentication
You can enable 802.1x user identification (based on RADIUS user
authentication server) by checking ‘Enable 802.1x Authentication’ box
when you select ‘Disable’ or ‘WEP’ as encryption type, and the following
message will be displayed:
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Use internal MD5
RADIUS Server
Uses built-in RADIUS Server (refer to next
Section) instead of external RADIUS server. If you
check this box, the value of internal RADIUS
server fields will be ignored.
Enable 802.1x
Enable or disable the use of 802.1x user
Authentication
authentication.
RADIUS Server IP Please input the IP address of RADIUS
address
authentication server here.
RADIUS Server
Please input the port number of RADIUS
Port
authentication server here. Default value is 1812.
RADIUS Server
Please input the password of RADIUS
Password
authentication server here.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
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When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-8 Radius Server
Comparing to other wireless security measures, radius server provides
user-based authentication. If your wireless client supports 802.1x user
authentication, you can use the ‘Radius Server’ function to use the
internal mini radius server to improve security and wireless user control.
The internal radius server only supports 96 users and 16 IP addresses. If
the number of user and/or IP address you need is more than this, please
use external radius server.
To setup internal radius server, click ‘Raidus Server’ on the left of web
management interface, and the following information will be displayed:
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Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Enable Radius
Server
User Profile
Authentication
Client
Check this box to enable internal radius server
function.
You can add or delete radius user here. Please
input username, password, re-type password in
corresponding field, and click ‘Add’ button to add
the user to radius server database. You can click
‘Reset’ to clear the text you typed in above three
fields.
All current radius users will be listed here. If you
want to delete one or more users, check ‘Select’
box of that user, and click ‘Delete Selected’ button;
you can click ‘Delete All’ button to delete all users
in radius server database. You can also click
‘Reset’ button to uncheck all ‘Select’ boxes.
You can add allowed radius client IP address here.
Please input client IP, secret key, re-type secret key
in corresponding field, and click ‘Add’ button to
add the IP address to radius server database. You
can click ‘Reset’ to clear the text you typed in
above three fields.
All current IP addresses will be listed here. If you
want to delete one or more addresses, check
‘Select’ box of that address, and click ‘Delete
Selected’ button; you can click ‘Delete All’ button
to delete all addresses in radius server database.
You can also click ‘Reset’ button to uncheck all
‘Select’ boxes.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
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When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-9 MAC Filtering
Another security measure you can use to keep hackers and intruders away
is ‘MAC filtering’. You can pre-define a so-called ‘white-list’, which
contains MAC addresses of the wireless clients you trust. All other
wireless client with the MAC address which is not in your list will be
denied by this wireless access point.
To setup MAC filtering, please click ‘MAC Filtering’ on the left of web
management interface and the following messages will be displayed:
Address
filtering
table (1)
Add
new entry
here (2)
This page contains two parts of MAC filtering information. All allowed
MAC addresses will be listed in upper part (1), and you can add new
MAC addresses by components in lower part (2).
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Select
Delete Selected
Delete All
Reset
Check this box to select one or more MAC
address(es) to delete.
Click this button to delete all selected MAC
address(es).
Delete all MAC address entries.
Uncheck all selected MAC address entries.
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Enable Wireless
Access Control
MAC address
Comment
Add
Clear
Check this box to enable MAC address restriction,
if unchecked, no restriction will be enforced (any
wireless client with proper encryption setting will
be able to connect to this wireless access point).
Input MAC address allowed using this wireless
access point here. You don’t have to add colon (:)
or hyphen (-) by yourself, just input 0 to 9 and a to
f here, like 112233445566 or aabbccddeeff.
You can input any text here as the comment of this
MAC address, like ‘ROOM 2A Computer’ or
anything. You can input up to 16 alphanumerical
characters here. This is optional and you can leave
it blank, however, it’s recommended to use this
field to write a comment for every MAC addresses
as a memory aid. This is optional.
When you finish inputting MAC address and
(optional) Comment, click this button to add the
MAC address to the list.
Remove all characters in ‘MAC address’ and
‘Comments’ field.
After you finish with setting, please click ‘Apply’, and the following
message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-10 System Utilities
This access point provides some control functions include password, IP
address management, and DHCP server function. Please click ‘System
Utility’ on the left of web management interface to access these functions.
Below are detailed descriptions of every control function.
2-10-1 Change Password
You can change the password used to enter the web configuration menu
of this wireless access point.
Please click ‘System Utility’ on the left, and the following message will
be displayed:
Please input current password in ‘Current Password’ field, then input new
password in both ‘New Password’ and ‘Re-Enter Password’ field. After
you finish, please go to the bottom of this page and click ‘Apply’, and the
following message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-10-2 IP Address of the Wireless Access Point
You can change the IP address of this wireless access point, so it can
become a part of your local network. Please remember this address or you
will not be able to connect the configuration menu of this wireless access
point.
Default IP address is: 192.168.2.1 / Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0, you can
press and hold ‘Reset/WPS’ button over 10 seconds to change the IP
address back to default value if you forget the IP address you set.
To change IP address, please click ‘System Utility’ on the left, and the
following message will be displayed:
Please input IP address and Subnet Mask in corresponding field, and you
can input the IP address of gateway in ‘Gateway Address’ field, if you
need to manage this wireless access point from other network (like
Internet).
If you want to activate the DHCP server function of this wireless access
point, please select ‘Enabled’ in ‘DHCP Server’ option, and see next
Section for detailed instructions; if you don’t want to use DHCP server
function of this wireless access point, or there’s another DHCP server on
the network this access point connects to, please select ‘Disable’.
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After you finish, please go to the bottom of this page and click ‘Apply’,
and the following message will be displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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2-10-3 DHCP Server
This wireless access point is capable to act as a DHCP server for your
network, and it’s disabled by default. If you want to activate this function,
please click ‘System Utility’ on the left, and the following message will
be displayed:
NOTE: Please remember to select ‘Enable’ in ‘DHCP Server’
option as described in last Section or all DHCP-related fields will
be grayed out, and you will not be able to input any DHCP
parameter.
Here are descriptions of every setup item:
Default Gateway
IP
Domain Name
Server IP
Start IP
End IP
Domain Name
Lease Time
Please input the IP address of default gateway of
your network here.
Please input the IP address of domain name server
(DNS) here.
Please input the start IP address of the IP range.
Please input the end IP address of the IP range.
If you wish, you can also optionally input the
domain name for your network. This is optional.
Please choose a lease time (the duration that every
computer can keep a specific IP address) of every
IP address assigned by this access point from
dropdown menu.
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After you finish, please click ‘Apply’, and the following message will be
displayed:
When you see this message, the settings you made is successfully save.
You can click ‘Continue’ button to back to previous page and continue on
other setting items, or click ‘Apply’ button to restart the wireless access
point and the changes will take effect after about 30 seconds.
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Chapter III: Advanced Configuration
3-1 Configuration Backup and Restore
You can backup all configurations of this access point to a file, so you can
make several copied of access point configuration for security reason.
To backup or restore access point configuration, please follow the
following instructions:
Please click ‘Configuration Tool’ on the left of web management interface,
and the following message will be displayed on your web browser:
Here are descriptions of every buttons:
Backup Settings
Restore Settings
Restore to Factory
Default
Press ‘Save...’ button, and you’ll be prompted to
download the configuration as a file, default
filename is ‘config.bin’, you can save it as another
filename for different versions, and keep it in a safe
place.
Press ‘Browse…’ to pick a previously-saved
configuration file from your computer, and then
click ‘Upload’ to transfer the configuration file to
access point. After the configuration is uploaded,
the access point’s configuration will be replaced by
the file you just uploaded.
Click this button to remove all settings you made,
and restore the configuration of this access point
back to factory default settings.
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3-2 Firmware Upgrade
If there are new firmware of this wireless access point available, you can
upload the firmware to the access point to change the firmware with new
one, to get extra functions or problem fix.
To perform firmware upgrade, please click ‘Upgrade’ on the left of web
management interface, and the following message will be displayed:
Click ‘Browse’ button first, you’ll be prompted to provide the filename of
firmware upgrade file. Please download the latest firmware file from our
website, and use it to upgrade your access point.
After a firmware upgrade file is selected, click ‘Apply’ button, and the
access point will start firmware upgrade procedure automatically. The
procedure may take several minutes, please be patient.
NOTE: Never interrupt the upgrade procedure by closing the web
browser or physically disconnect your computer from access point. If
the firmware you uploaded is corrupt, the firmware upgrade will fail,
and you may have to return this access point to the dealer of
purchase to ask for help. (Warranty voids if you interrupted the
upgrade procedure).
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3-3 System Reset
When you think the access point is not working properly, you can use this
function to restart the access point; this may help and solve the problem.
This function is useful when the access point is far from you or
unreachable. However, if the access point is not responding, you may
have to switch it off by unplug the power plug and plug it back again
after 10 seconds.
To reset your access point, please click ‘Reset’ on the left, and the
following message will be displayed:
Please click ‘Apply’, and a popup message will ask you again, to make
sure you really want to reset the access point:
Click ‘OK’ to reset the access point, or click ‘Cancel’ to abort. Please
remember all connections between wireless client and this access point
will be disconnected.
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Chapter IV: Appendix
4-1 Hardware Specification
SoC: Ralink RT2880
RF: Ralink RT2820
Flash: 4MB
SDRAM: 16MB
LAN Port: 10/100M UTP Port x 1
Antenna: 3dBi Detachable Dipole Antenna x 2 (2T2R Spatial Multiplexing
MIMO configuration. These 2 antennas are for signal transmitting and
receiving)
Power: 12VDC, 1A Switching Power Adapter
Dimension: 30(H) x 127(W) x 96(D) mm
Transmit Power: 11n:15dBm ± 1dBm, 11g:15dBm ± 1dBm, 11b:17 ± 1dBm
Temperature: 32~104°F (0 ~ 40°C)
Humidity: 10-90% (NonCondensing)
Certification: FCC, CE
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4-2 Troubleshooting
If you found the access point is working improperly or stop responding to
you, don’t panic! Before you contact your dealer of purchase for help,
please read this troubleshooting first. Some problems can be solved by
yourself within very short time!
Scenario
Access point is not
responding to me
when I want to access
it by web browser
Can’t get connected to
wireless access point
Solution
a. Please check the connection of power cord
and network cable of this access point. All
cords and cables should be correctly and
firmly inserted to the access point.
b. If all LEDs on this access point are out,
please check the status of A/C power
adapter, and make sure it’s correctly
powered.
c. You must use the same IP address section
which access point uses.
d. Are you using MAC or IP address filter?
Try to connect the access point by another
computer and see if it works; if not, please
perform a hard reset (pressing ‘reset’
button).
e. Set your computer to obtain an IP address
automatically (DHCP), and see if your
computer can get an IP address.
f. If you did a firmware upgrade and this
happens, contact your dealer of purchase for
help.
g. If all above solutions don’t work, contact
the dealer of purchase for help.
a. If encryption is enabled, please re-check
WEP or WPA passphrase settings on your
wireless client.
b. Try to move closer to wireless access point.
c. Unplug the power plug of access point, and
plug it back again after 10 seconds.
d. If all LEDs on this access point are out,
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please check the status of A/C power
adapter, and make sure it’s correctly
powered.
I can’t locate my
a. ‘Broadcast ESSID’ set to off?
access point by my
b. Is Antenna properly installed and secured?
wireless client
c. Are you too far from your access point? Try
to get closer.
d. Please remember that you have to input
ESSID on your wireless client manually, if
ESSID broadcast is disabled.
File download is very a. Try to reset the access point and see if it’s
slow or breaks
better after that.
frequently
b. Try to know what computers do on your
local network. If someone’s transferring big
files, other people will think Internet is
really slow.
c. Change channel number and see if this
works.
I can’t log onto web
a. Make sure you’re connecting to the correct
management interface: IP address of the access point!
password is wrong
b. Password is case-sensitive. Make sure the
‘Caps Lock’ light is not illuminated.
c. If you really forget the password, do a hard
reset.
Access point become
a. This is not a malfunction, if you can keep
hot
your hand on the access point’s case.
b. If you smell something wrong or see the
smoke coming out from access point or A/C
power adapter, please disconnect the access
point and A/C power adapter from utility
power (make sure it’s safe before you’re
doing this!), and call your dealer of
purchase for help.
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4-3 Glossary
Default Gateway (Access point): Every non-access point IP device needs to
configure a default gateway’s IP address. When the device sends out an IP packet, if
the destination is not on the same network, the device has to send the packet to its
default gateway, which will then send it out towards the destination.
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This protocol automatically gives
every computer on your home network an IP address.
DNS Server IP Address: DNS stands for Domain Name System, which allows
Internet servers to have a domain name (such as www.Broadbandaccess point.com)
and one or more IP addresses (such as 192.34.45.8). A DNS server keeps a database
of Internet servers and their respective domain names and IP addresses, so that when a
domain name is requested (as in typing "Broadbandaccess point.com" into your
Internet browser), the user is sent to the proper IP address. The DNS server IP address
used by the computers on your home network is the location of the DNS server your
ISP has assigned to you.
DSL Modem: DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. A DSL modem uses your
existing phone lines to transmit data at high speeds.
Ethernet: A standard for computer networks. Ethernet networks are connected by
special cables and hubs, and move data around at up to 10/100 million bits per second
(Mbps).
Idle Timeout: Idle Timeout is designed so that after there is no traffic to the Internet
for a pre-configured amount of time, the connection will automatically be
disconnected.
IP Address and Network (Subnet) Mask: IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP
address consists of a series of four numbers separated by periods, that identifies a
single, unique Internet computer host in an IP network. Example: 192.168.2.1. It
consists of 2 portions: the IP network address, and the host identifier.
The IP address is a 32-bit binary pattern, which can be represented as four cascaded
decimal numbers separated by “.”: aaa.aaa.aaa.aaa, where each “aaa” can be anything
from 000 to 255, or as four cascaded binary numbers separated by “.”:
bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb, where each “b” can either be 0 or 1.
A network mask is also a 32-bit binary pattern, and consists of consecutive leading
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1’s followed by consecutive trailing 0’s, such as
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000. Therefore sometimes a network mask can
also be described simply as “x” number of leading 1’s.
When both are represented side by side in their binary forms, all bits in the IP address
that correspond to 1’s in the network mask become part of the IP network address, and
the remaining bits correspond to the host ID.
For example, if the IP address for a device is, in its binary form,
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000111, and if its network mask is,
11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000
It means the device’s network address is
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000000, and its host ID is,
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000111. This is a convenient and efficient method
for access points to route IP packets to their destination.
ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). The ISP Gateway Address is an IP
address for the Internet access point located at the ISP's office.
ISP: Internet Service Provider. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the
Internet for individuals and other businesses or organizations.
LAN: Local Area Network. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected
together in a relatively small area (such as a house or an office). Your home network
is considered a LAN.
MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the
hardware address of a device connected to a network. The MAC address is a unique
identifier for a device with an Ethernet interface. It is comprised of two parts: 3 bytes
of data that corresponds to the Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer), plus
3 bytes that are often used as the product’s serial number.
NAT: Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on your
home network to use one IP address. Using the broadband access point’s NAT
capability, you can access the Internet from any computer on your home network
without having to purchase more IP addresses from your ISP.
Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network
application/protocol over another. Below is a list of common applications and
protocol/port numbers:
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Application
Protocol Port Number
Telnet
TCP
23
FTP
TCP
21
SMTP
TCP
25
POP3
TCP
110
H.323
TCP
1720
SNMP
UCP
161
SNMP Trap
UDP
162
HTTP
TCP
80
PPTP
TCP
1723
PC Anywhere TCP
5631
PC Anywhere UDP
5632
PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure
data transmission method originally created for dial-up connections; PPPoE is for
Ethernet connections. PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards, Ethernet and
the Point-to-Point Protocol. It is a communications protocol for transmitting
information over Ethernet between different manufacturers
Protocol: A protocol is a set of rules for interaction agreed upon between multiple
parties so that when they interface with each other based on such a protocol, the
interpretation of their behavior is well defined and can be made objectively, without
confusion or misunderstanding.
Access point: A access point is an intelligent network device that forwards packets
between different networks based on network layer address information such as IP
addresses.
Subnet Mask: A subnet mask, which may be a part of the TCP/IP information
provided by your ISP, is a set of four numbers (e.g. 255.255.255.0) configured like an
IP address. It is used to create IP address numbers used only within a particular
network (as opposed to valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet, which
must be assigned by InterNIC).
TCP/IP, UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and
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Unreliable Datagram Protocol (UDP). TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data
transmission over the Internet. Both TCP and UDP are transport layer protocol. TCP
performs proper error detection and error recovery, and thus is reliable. UDP on the
other hand is not reliable. They both run on top of the IP (Internet Protocol), a
network layer protocol.
WAN: Wide Area Network. A network that connects computers located in
geographically separate areas (e.g. different buildings, cities, countries). The Internet
is a wide area network.
Web-based management Graphical User Interface (GUI): Many devices support a
graphical user interface that is based on the web browser. This means the user can use
the familiar Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer to Control/configure or monitor
the device being managed.
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