HILNA CX User Manual - NuWaves Products

USER MANUAL
HIGH INTERCEPT LOW NOISE
AMPLIFIER (HILNATM)
MODEL: HILNA CX
RF, Wireless, and Embedded Systems Engineering
NUWAVES ENGINEERING
132 EDISON DRIVE.
MIDDLETOWN, OHIO 45044
PH: 513-360-0800
FAX: 513-539-8782
www.nuwaves.com
product.sales@nuwaves.com
HILNA CX User Manual
1 HILNATM PRODUCT LINE OVERVIEW
NuWaves’ HILNA family of amplifiers is designed to achieve high RF gain while maintaining extremely
low noise, and high output third-order intercept point (OIP3) across a wide frequency band. HILNA’s
robust power supply also operates over a very broad range of input power, easily allowing the unit to be
integrated into systems without regard to power supply precision.
1.1 HILNATM PRODUCT LINE HIGHLIGHTS

High Performance – Noise Figure, Gain, Linearity, Broadband, Dynamic Range: Unique
combination of extremely low noise figure, high gain, high OIP3, wide band frequency coverage,
and wide dynamic range.

Robust Power Supply: Operates over a very broad range of DC input supply voltages. Included
with each HILNA is a mating power connector with cable attached.

Enclosures:
o HILNA V1, HILNA G2V1, HILNA GPS, HILNA HF, and HILNA CF are housed in a black or
silver anodized extruded aluminum enclosure with mounting flanges.
o µHILNA is housed in a miniature sleek black anodized milled aluminum enclosure.
o HILNA 3G is housed in a black anodized milled aluminum enclosure with mounting
holes incorporated into the chassis
o HILNA CX is housed in a nickel plated rugged aluminum enclosure with mounting
holes incorporated into the chassis.

Completely Characterized: The HILNA family of low noise amplifiers has been completely
characterized over temperature, voltage, and frequency. The amplifiers are robust, offering
significant value for the OEM user or the Systems Integrator.

User Friendly: Reverse-voltage protection and regulator thermal shutdown provide defenses
against user interface issues.

High Reliability: NuWaves’ selection of conservatively rated components provides high reliability
delivering high Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF). Each HILNA is inspected to IPC-A-610 Class
III quality standards.

ESD Protection: The HILNA Amplifiers are suitable for many types of applications where ESD
susceptibility is prominent. The amplifiers are designed to withstand up to 1000 V utilizing ESD
waveforms described in IEC 61000 4-2.
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HILNA CX User Manual

Applications: IF or RF Buffer Amplifier ▪ Overcome Systematic RF Losses ▪ Increase Antenna
Signal Levels ▪ Military Radios ▪ RF Wideband Front-Ends ▪ RF Pre-Amp ▪ TV ▪ Final Stage
Amplifier for Low-Level Repeaters ▪ Long Cable Runs to Antenna ▪ Ultra Low Noise Applications ▪
LNA for Cellular Base Station ▪ High Linearity Systems ▪ General Purpose Amplification ▪ High
Performance Receivers ▪ High Power Drive Signals for Increased Dynamic Range ▪ High Reliability
RF Amplifier Applications ▪ Base Station Applications ▪ VHF/UHF Amplification ▪ Final PA for LowPower Applications ▪ Low-Noise Transmit Driver ▪ Cable Modem ▪ Fixed Wireless ▪ Mobile
Infrastructure ▪ Industrial Scientific Medical Band Applications

Users: Engineering and Scientific Laboratories ▪ Test and Measurement Facilities ▪ OEMs of RF
High End Systems ▪ Research Laboratories ▪ Communications Engineering Firms ▪ Cable TV
System Engineers ▪ RF System Integrators ▪ Test Ranges ▪ Universities ▪ Antenna Design Facilities
▪ Field Service Technicians ▪ Aerospace and Defense Systems ▪ Radio and TV Engineers ▪ Amateur
Radio ▪ Scientific and Consulting Agencies ▪ Radio and Wireless Communication Services ▪
Precision Equipment Repair Organizations ▪ Professional and Technical Service Institutions ▪
Military Radio & Communication Facilities
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HILNA CX User Manual
1.2 HILNATM PRODUCT LINE MODELS
NuWaves offers several variants of the HILNA line-up. The HILNA family of amplifiers operates from 2
MHz to 12 GHz frequency range. Product availability is depicted in Table 1.
Table 1: List of Models
MODEL
DESCRIPTION
HILNA V1
50 MHz to 1 GHz,
20 dB Gain
µHILNA
50 MHz to 1500 MHz,
20 dB Gain
HILNA G2V1
50 MHz to 1 GHz,
40 dB Gain
HILNA GPS
1.2 GHz to 1.6 GHz,
32 dB Gain
HILNA CF
50 MHz to 1 GHz,
38 dB Gain
HILNA HF
2 MHz to 50 MHz,
30 dB Gain
HILNA 3G
1 GHz to 3 GHz,
50 dB Gain
HILNA CX
5 GHz to 10 GHz,
30 dB to 43 dB
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HILNA CX User Manual
2 HILNA CX OVERVIEW
NuWaves’ HILNA CX™ is the latest addition to the family of HILNA broadband low noise amplifiers
covering C- to X-band frequencies. This model features a miniature form factor of 1.2 cubic inches
allowing ease of integration into space-constrained systems.
This high-performance module delivers over 35 dB of gain across the entire broad range of 5 GHz to 10
GHz with a typical noise figure of 2.5 dB and OIP3 of +21 dBm. The HILNA CX’s ultra-broadband coverage
allows the user comprehensive spectrum coverage within a single module.
HILNA CX’s robust power supply also operates over a very broad range easily allowing the unit to be
integrated into systems without regard to power supply precision.
+5V Output
+ 5 V Active
Bias
+ 5 V Active
Bias
DC Input
5.5-20
VDC
Voltage
Reulator
+ 5 V Active
Bias
+3 V
3 GHz-12 GHz
-100dBm to 15 dBm
RF IN
RF OUT
ESD
Protection
ESD
Protection
RF Amp
RF Amp
Figure 1: HILNA CX Functional Diagram
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RF Amp
HILNA CX User Manual
2.1 HILNA CX ELECTRICAL DATA
Table 2: HILNA CX Absolute Maximum Ratings
Operating Voltage
+20 VDC
RF Pin
+15 dBm
Operating Temperature
-30 to + 70 0C
Storage Temperature
-40 to + 85 0C
Table 3: HILNA CX DC Specifications
Operating Voltage
Current Consumption
V
Min
Typ
Max
+5.5
12
+20
mA
170
Table 4: HILNA CX RF Specifications
PARAMETER
UNIT
HILNA CX
Min
Typ
Frequency Range
GHz
5
Gain
dB
35
Noise Figure
dB
2.5
OIP3
dBm
+21
P1dB
dBm
+11
10
VSWR In
2.5:1
VSWR Out
2.5:1
Reverse Isolation
dB
53
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HILNA CX User Manual
Figure 2: HILNA CX Frequency Response
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HILNA CX User Manual
2.2 HILNA CX MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Figure 2: HILNA CX Mechanical Outline
Table 3: HILNA CX Mechanical Specifications
RF Bulkhead Connector
SMA female
RF Input and Output Mating Connector
DC Power Connector
SMA male
EMI Feed Through
Dimensions (L x W x H)
1.77” x 1.52” x 0.45”
Weight
0.50 oz.
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HILNA CX User Manual
3 INSTALLING, CONNECTING, AND USING THE HILNA AMPLIFIER
HILNA amplifiers have been designed to be highly reliable under the specified operating conditions. The
following installation and interfacing guidelines should be followed to prevent damage to the RF
module.
Caution: The HILNA amplifier contains components that are sensitive to
Electro-Static Discharge (ESD). The use of wrist strap, mats, and ground
straps should be adhered to during the installation process.
3.1 CABLING
The HILNA CX is equipped with high-performance RF connectors. Gold plated SMA-type receptacles are
used because they perform very well across the usable frequency range of the unit. For optimal
performance, a high-quality 50  coaxial cable with SMA-type plugs should be used to interface with the
amplifier.
Caution: Due to the wideband nature of the unit, installation should not be attempted on a tower
with transmit antennas.
If cables with the SMA-type connectors are not available, high quality adaptors are available for most
coaxial connector types.
3.2 POWER SUPPLY
The HILNA CX contains internal linear voltage regulators. These regulators protect the circuitry from
voltage variations at the input and allow for the wide operating voltage. The power connector for the
units is an EMI Feed through connector. The only restrictions on the power source for the unit are:
- Capable of sourcing 170 mA of current
- Capable of sourcing +5.5 VDC to +20 VDC
Car batteries (through a cigarette lighter adaptor), laboratory DC power supplies, or wall transformers
are suitable power sources as long as the superimposed ripple is low in amplitude.
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HILNA CX User Manual
3.3 CONNECTIONS
Caution: Do not apply RF power to the unit until all cable connections are made and DC power has
been applied.
Making the connections from the HILNA CX is easily accomplished:
1. Connect the "RF OUT" connector on the unit to a 50  coaxial cable
2. Apply power to the unit by first plugging in the power cable sent with the unit into the DC power
input.
3. Connect the red lead to the positive side of the power supply and connect the black lead to the
negative side of the power supply. Power is now ready to be applied to the unit.
4. Connect the RF Source to the RF Destination with a second 50  coaxial cable.
5. Apply RF to the input cable assembly.
Powering down the unit is done by reversing this procedure.
Connection Summary:



Connect the RF Output to a proper load capable of handling 20dBm of output power.
The characteristic impedance is 50 Ω.
Apply DC (+12 VDC Typical) at the power connector.
Connect an RF source to the RF Input connector.
Caution: Excess drive levels at the input to the amplifier can permanently damage
the unit. Under no circumstance should the RF Input level exceed +15 dBm.
3.4 ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS
The HILNA CX units are rated for operation from -30 to +70 °C. The enclosure is NOT watertight;
therefore, the unit must be kept dry. It is recommended that the unit be installed in a well-ventilated
area or mounted to a heat sink if the input voltage exceeds +12 VDC. The unit will run warmer as the
input voltage increases.
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HILNA CX User Manual
4 GETTING HELP - APPLICATIONS ENGINEERING
NuWaves is proud of its products and getting assistance in setting up your HILNA amplifier is easy.
Technical Assistance, Application Engineering and Sales:
Phone: (513) 360-0800
Email: product.sales@nuwaves.com
NuWaves Home Page: www.nuwaves.com
Product Warranty:
http://nuwaves.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/NuWaves_Warranty__Repair.pdf
4.1 GENERAL INFORMATION
Copyright © 2006 - 2016 NuWaves Ltd. All rights reserved. The information contained in this user
manual is copyright protected. NuWaves reserves the right to make periodic modifications and product
improvements to the HILNA product line and the associated documentation.
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