Lab – Designing and Implementing a VLSM Addressing Scheme

Lab – Designing and Implementing a VLSM Addressing Scheme
Topology
Objectives
Part 1: Examine Network Requirements
Part 2: Design the VLSM Address Scheme
Part 3: Cable and Configure the IPv4 Network
Background / Scenario
Variable Length Subnet Mask (VLSM) was designed to avoid wasting IP addresses. With VLSM, a network is
subnetted and then re-subnetted. This process can be repeated multiple times to create subnets of various
sizes based on the number of hosts required in each subnet. Effective use of VLSM requires address
planning.
In this lab, use the 172.16.128.0/17 network address to develop an address scheme for the network displayed
in the topology diagram. VLSM is used to meet the IPv4 addressing requirements. After you have designed
the VLSM address scheme, you will configure the interfaces on the routers with the appropriate IP address
information.
Note: The routers used with CCNA hands-on labs are Cisco 1941 Integrated Services Routers (ISRs) with
Cisco IOS Release 15.2(4)M3 (universalk9 image). Other routers and Cisco IOS versions can be used.
Depending on the model and Cisco IOS version, the commands available and output produced might vary
from what is shown in the labs. Refer to the Router Interface Summary Table at the end of this lab for the
correct interface identifiers.
Note: Make sure that the routers have been erased and have no startup configurations. If you are unsure,
contact your instructor.
Required Resources

3 routers (Cisco 1941 with Cisco IOS software, Release 15.2(4)M3 universal image or comparable)

1 PC (with terminal emulation program, such as Tera Term, to configure routers)

Console cable to configure the Cisco IOS devices via the console ports

Ethernet (optional) and serial cables, as shown in the topology
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Lab – Designing and Implementing a VLSM Addressing Scheme

Windows Calculator (optional)
Part 1: Examine Network Requirements
In Part 1, you will examine the network requirements to develop a VLSM address scheme for the network
displayed in the topology diagram using the 172.16.128.0/17 network address.
Note: You can use the Windows Calculator application and the www.ipcalc.org IP subnet calculator to help
with your calculations.
Step 1: Determine how many host addresses and subnets are available.
How many host addresses are available in a /17 network?
What is the total number of host addresses needed in the topology diagram?
How many subnets are needed in the network topology?
Step 2: Determine the largest subnet.
What is the subnet description (e.g. BR1 G0/1 LAN or BR1-HQ WAN link)?
How many IP addresses are required in the largest subnet?
What subnet mask can support that many host addresses?
How many total host addresses can that subnet mask support?
Can you subnet the 172.16.128.0/17 network address to support this subnet?
What are the two network addresses that would result from this subnetting?
Use the first network address for this subnet.
Step 3: Determine the second largest subnet.
What is the subnet description?
How many IP addresses are required for the second largest subnet?
What subnet mask can support that many host addresses?
How many total host addresses can that subnet mask support?
Can you subnet the remaining subnet again and still support this subnet?
What are the two network addresses that would result from this subnetting?
Use the first network address for this subnet.
Step 4: Determine the next largest subnet.
What is the subnet description?
How many IP addresses are required for the next largest subnet?
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Lab – Designing and Implementing a VLSM Addressing Scheme
What subnet mask can support that many host addresses?
How many total host addresses can that subnet mask support?
Can you subnet the remaining subnet again and still support this subnet?
What are the two network addresses that would result from this subnetting?
Use the first network address for this subnet.
Step 5: Determine the next largest subnet.
What is the subnet description?
How many IP addresses are required for the next largest subnet?
What subnet mask can support that many host addresses?
How many total host addresses can that subnet mask support?
Can you subnet the remaining subnet again and still support this subnet?
What are the two network addresses that would result from this subnetting?
Use the first network address for this subnet.
Step 6: Determine the next largest subnet.
What is the subnet description?
How many IP addresses are required for the next largest subnet?
What subnet mask can support that many host addresses?
How many total host addresses can that subnet mask support?
Can you subnet the remaining subnet again and still support this subnet?
What are the two network addresses that would result from this subnetting?
Use the first network address for this subnet.
Step 7: Determine the next largest subnet.
What is the subnet description?
How many IP addresses are required for the next largest subnet?
What subnet mask can support that many host addresses?
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Lab – Designing and Implementing a VLSM Addressing Scheme
How many total host addresses can that subnet mask support?
Can you subnet the remaining subnet again and still support this subnet?
What are the two network addresses that would result from this subnetting?
Use the first network address for this subnet.
Step 8: Determine the subnets needed to support the serial links.
How many host addresses are required for each serial subnet link?
What subnet mask can support that many host addresses?
a. Continue subnetting the first subnet of each new subnet until you have four /30 subnets. Write the first
three network addresses of these /30 subnets below.
b. Enter the subnet descriptions for these three subnets below.
Part 2: Design the VLSM Address Scheme
Step 1: Calculate the subnet information.
Use the information that you obtained in Part 1 to fill in the following table.
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Lab – Designing and Implementing a VLSM Addressing Scheme
Subnet Description
Number of
Hosts Needed
HQ G0/0
16,000
HQ G0/1
8,000
BR1 G0/1
4,000
BR1 G0/0
2,000
BR2 G0/1
1,000
BR2 G0/0
500
HQ S0/0/0 – BR1 S0/0/0
2
HQ S0/0/1 – BR2 S0/0/1
2
BR1 S0/0/1 – BR2 S0/0/0
2
Network Address
/CIDR
First Host
Address
Broadcast
Address
Step 2: Complete the device interface address table.
Assign the first host address in the subnet to the Ethernet interfaces. HQ should be given the first host
address on the Serial links to BR1 and BR2. BR1 should be given the first host address for the serial link to
BR2.
Device
Interface
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Device Interface
G0/0
16,000 Host LAN
G0/1
8,000 Host LAN
S0/0/0
BR1 S0/0/0
S0/0/1
BR2 S0/0/1
G0/0
2,000 Host LAN
G0/1
4,000 Host LAN
S0/0/0
HQ S0/0/0
S0/0/1
BR2 S0/0/0
G0/0
500 Host LAN
G0/1
1,000 Host LAN
S0/0/0
BR1 S0/0/1
S0/0/1
HQ S0/0/1
HQ
BR1
BR2
Part 3: Cable and Configure the IPv4 Network
In Part 3, you will cable the network topology and configure the three routers using the VLSM address
scheme that you developed in Part 2.
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Lab – Designing and Implementing a VLSM Addressing Scheme
Step 1: Cable the network as shown in the topology.
Step 2: Configure basic settings on each router.
a. Assign the device name to the router.
b. Disable DNS lookup to prevent the router from attempting to translate incorrectly entered commands as
though they were hostnames.
c.
Assign class as the privileged EXEC encrypted password.
d. Assign cisco as the console password and enable login.
e. Assign cisco as the VTY password and enable login.
f.
Encrypt the clear text passwords.
g. Create a banner that will warn anyone accessing the device that unauthorized access is prohibited.
Step 3: Configure the interfaces on each router.
a. Assign an IP address and subnet mask to each interface using the table that you completed in Part 2.
b. Configure an interface description for each interface.
c.
Set the clocking rate on all DCE serial interfaces to 128000.
HQ(config-if)# clock rate 128000
d. Activate the interfaces.
Step 4: Save the configuration on all devices.
Step 5: Test Connectivity.
a. From HQ, ping BR1’s S0/0/0 interface address.
b. From HQ, ping BR2’s S0/0/1 interface address.
c.
From BR1, ping BR2’s S0/0/0 interface address.
d. Troubleshoot connectivity issues if pings were not successful.
Note: Pings to the GigabitEthernet interfaces on other routers will not be successful. The LANs defined for
the GigabitEthernet interfaces are simulated. Because no devices are attached to these LANs they will be in
down/down state. A routing protocol needs to be in place for other devices to be aware of those subnets. The
GigabitEthernet interfaces also need to be in an up/up state before a routing protocol can add the subnets to
the routing table. These interfaces will remain in a down/down state until a device is connected to the other
end of the Ethernet interface cable. The focus of this lab is on VLSM and configuring the interfaces.
Reflection
Can you think of a shortcut for calculating the network addresses of consecutive /30 subnets?
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Lab – Designing and Implementing a VLSM Addressing Scheme
Router Interface Summary Table
Router Interface Summary
Router Model
Ethernet Interface #1
Ethernet Interface #2
Serial Interface #1
Serial Interface #2
1800
Fast Ethernet 0/0
(F0/0)
Fast Ethernet 0/1
(F0/1)
Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0)
Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1)
1900
Gigabit Ethernet 0/0
(G0/0)
Gigabit Ethernet 0/1
(G0/1)
Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0)
Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1)
2801
Fast Ethernet 0/0
(F0/0)
Fast Ethernet 0/1
(F0/1)
Serial 0/1/0 (S0/1/0)
Serial 0/1/1 (S0/1/1)
2811
Fast Ethernet 0/0
(F0/0)
Fast Ethernet 0/1
(F0/1)
Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0)
Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1)
2900
Gigabit Ethernet 0/0
(G0/0)
Gigabit Ethernet 0/1
(G0/1)
Serial 0/0/0 (S0/0/0)
Serial 0/0/1 (S0/0/1)
Note: To find out how the router is configured, look at the interfaces to identify the type of router and how many
interfaces the router has. There is no way to effectively list all the combinations of configurations for each router
class. This table includes identifiers for the possible combinations of Ethernet and Serial interfaces in the device.
The table does not include any other type of interface, even though a specific router may contain one. An
example of this might be an ISDN BRI interface. The string in parenthesis is the legal abbreviation that can be
used in Cisco IOS commands to represent the interface.
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