XTreme - EFIS
Electronic Flight Information System
Operating Manual – English 1.04
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 2
Introduction
The XTreme is a compact, multifunction electronic flight information system intended as a main flight instrument in smaller
aircraft or as a backup/secondary flight instrument in larger aircraft. The XTreme, which fits a standard 3 1/8” instrument
panel hole, contains all the necessary functionality to replace several flight and engine monitoring instruments.
All information is displayed in an easy to read format on a high resolution wide viewing angle 4.3” sunlight readable color
display.
The XTreme's light weight, small size and high level of functionality makes it an excellent choice for all types of noncertified aircraft.
1 Features
Hardware:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Powerful 32 bit ARM processor
4.3” high resolution 480x272, sunlight readable, wide viewing angle, 600 nits TFT LCD display
LED backlight (brightness can be adjusted for low light flying conditions)
Fits standard 3 1/8” aircraft instrument panel hole
SD Card interface for data recording, user splash screens, checklists, graphic information pages, firmware
upgrades, navigation and route files etc
1/8” NPT female fittings for Altitude and Airspeed pitot tube connections
1x RS232 communication port (Altitude encoder/VP-X/CO Monitor)
1x MGL Avionics Airtalk communication port
1x MGL Avionics RDAC communications port
1x CAN communication port
Rotary control plus 5 independent buttons for easy menu navigation and user input
External alarm switch output for an external indicator lamp etc
Built in 50 Channel GPS receiver with over 1 million effective correlators with high immunity to jamming
GPS Time To First Fix (TTFF) of less than 1 second
External active GPS antenna connection
Support for an internal or an external GPS receiver
Built in RTC (Real Time Clock)
Wide input supply voltage range of 8 to 30V DC
Built in voltage reversal and over voltage protection for harsh electrical environments
Light weight design
EFIS:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Attitude display. Note (1)
Magnetic heading indication. Note (2)
Heading bug
Precision altimeter from –1000ft up to a maximum of 30 000ft (-304m to 9144m). Altitude can be displayed
in feet or meters.
Altitude bug
Airspeed indicator (16mph to 250mph), 1mph resolution. Airspeed can be displayed in mph, km/h or kts
Digital and analog VSI indicator . Scale of 1000ft/min, 2000ft/min and 4000ft/min / 5m/s, 10m/s, and 20m/s.
Resolution of 1ft/min, 1m/s
Serial Altitude encoder output via the RS232 port
Density altimeter
OAT (Outside Air Temperature) display using an external OAT probe
Supply Voltage display
Stopwatch timer
Automatic/Manual flight timer
RTC (Real Time Clock)
Glide and climb ratio indicator
XTreme Operating Manual
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Page 3
Barometer (actual local pressure)
TAS (true airspeed) display
G-Force indication. Note (1)
Wind speed and wind direction indication. Note (2)
Turn Indicator. Note (1)
Slip/Skid indicator. Note (1)
CDI indicator
Waypoint and Route navigation
GPS Flight Path (calculated artificial horizon based on GPS information)
CO Monitor. Note (5)
Engine Monitor: Note (3)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1x Engine RPM
1x Rotor RPM
1x Manifold pressure
1x Oil pressure input
1x Oil temperature input
2x Auxiliary analog channels (Pressure/Temperature/Current)
12 Channel EGT/CHT display
2x Fuel Flow
2x Fuel Level
Special Rotax 912/914 engine monitor mode utilizing the standard built in Rotax NTC CHT probes
Programmable maintenance timer for scheduled routine engine maintenance
Engine display screens are automatically configured to optimize screen space depending on what
parameters are been displayed
User settable Hobbs meter (password protected)
Fuel range / endurance based on TAS or GPS ground speed
Supply Voltage display
Current monitor to measure charge/discharge currents. Note (4)
Engine leaning feature
Vertical Power VP-X display. Note (6)
General:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Alarms on most displays
Programmable maintenance timer for scheduled routine engine maintenance
Programmable airframe timer for scheduled airframe maintenance.
Records maximum and minimum values of most displayed values
Built in black box recorder – records all flight data, engine, attitude and GPS data to SD card. Data can be
exported to Google Earth, Microsoft Excel, etc.
Includes a 1000 entry automatic flight log (Records start date&time, flight time, pilot number, Hobbs time,
maintenance time, max altitude, airspeed and VSI reached during the flight)
User configurable start up (Splash) screen
Unlimited configurable checklists
Unlimited configurable graphic information displays
Automatic or manual local magnetic variation
Dual menu system for quick item selection and user setups
Sunrise/Sunset calculator
Firmware upgrades via SD Card
1 year limited warranty
(1) Requires optional MGL Avionics AHRS sensor unit (SP4/SP5/SP7)
(2) Requires optional MGL Avionics compass sensor unit (SP2/SP6)
(3) Requires optional MGL Avionics RDAC (Engine monitor) unit
(4) Requires optional MGL Avionics current monitor sensor
(5) Requires optional CO Guardian CO detector
(6) Requires optional Vertical Power VP-X unit.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 4
2 XTreme Layout
4.3” high resolution (480x272),
sunlight readable, wide viewing
angle, 600 nits LCD display
2.1 Front layout
Rotary control. Press
to access the quick
select menus
SD card slot
Press for previous
display screen
2.2 Rear layout
M4 Mounting Bolts
Soft keys
Press to advance to the
next display screen
Fits into a standard
3 1/8” instrument
Panel hole
GPS Antenna
connection
D15 Input connector
(Power,Communications,
OAT probe and alarm output )
1/8” NPT Pressure port
(Pitot tube)
1/8” NPT Static Port
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 5
3 Display Screens
Press the left or right most soft keys to cycle through the display screens. The display screens can be enabled/disabled in
the “DISPLAY SETUP” menu option.
EFIS DISPLAY
EFIS/EMS DISPLAY
VFR DISPLAY
VFR/EMS DISPLAY
EMS DISPLAY
GPS DISPLAY
CHECKLIST/INFO DISPLAY
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DISPLAY
EFIS/HSI DISPLAY
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 6
3.1 EFIS display
The EFIS information is displayed in a full screen format.
3.1.1 Heading tape
The heading tape is located at the top of the EFIS screen. The heading bug will be displayed in yellow if it is in the view
area else it will turn cyan. The heading bug will always point to the shortest direction to achieve the correct heading. The
heading bug can be changed in the quick select menu. The heading is corrected for attitude while pitching and rolling
(MGL Avionics AHRS unit required (SP4/SP5/SP7)).The Compass parameters can be configured in the “COMPASS
SETUP” menu. The small magenta triangle indicates coarse over ground from the GPS receiver. The coarse over ground
indicator will only be displayed when a valid 2D or 3D GPS fix has been achieved. The heading tape source of information
can be from a magnetic sensor (MGL Avionics SP2/6) or from the coarse over ground value from the GPS receiver. When
the heading source of information is from the GPS receiver then the heading will be displayed in magenta.
3.1.2 Ground Speed
This is located in the top left corner of the EFIS display. The ground speed value will only be displayed when a valid 2D
or 3D GPS fix has been achieved.
3.1.3 Local Pressure Settings (QNH)
This is located in the top right corner of the EFIS display. Turn the rotary control to change the local pressure setting. The
local pressure can be displayed in mB or in “HG.
3.1.4 True Airspeed (TAS)
This is located in the bottom left corner of the EFIS display.
What is TAS and how is it calculated ?
TAS is indicated airspeed (ASI) compensated for altitude and temperature. Often pilots ignore the effect of temperature
and only take altitude into account when converting ASI to TAS. For practical purposes this is quite accurate and gives a
good reflection on your true airspeed. Keeping in mind that ASI measurement is subject to errors caused by airflow
around your aircraft, there seems little point in taking this calculation to absolute resolution.
Again, we have decided to use a formula often used by pilots. This way the instrument reading will agree with what pilots
are used to.
Add 1.75% of IAS per 1000 ft (304.9 m) increase in altitude above sea level.
We assume here that IAS = RAS (rectified air speed).
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 7
3.1.5 Airspeed Tape
This is located to the left of the EFIS display. The Vso (Min safe speed, landing), Vs1 (Min safe
speed, normal), Vfe (Max flap speed), Vno(Max maneuvering speed) and Vne (Max exceed
speed) can be configured in the “AIRSPEED SETUP” menu.
Vne (Max exceed speed)
Vno (Max maneuvering speed)
Vfe (Max flap speed)
Vs1 (Min safe speed, normal)
Vso (min safe speed, landing)
3.1.6 Information display area 1
The 1st line is the GPS fix status. AQ=Acquiring (Red text color), 2D=2D fix, 3D=3D fix.
The 2nd line is the OAT value. Outside air temperature can be measured using the external temperature probe. The OAT
parameters can be configured in the “OAT SETUP” menu.
The 3rd line is the supply voltage value. The XTreme can measure the supply voltage up to 30Vdc. The supply voltage
parameters can be configured in the “VOLTS SETUP” menu.
The 4th line is the short name of the currently selected active waypoint.
3.1.7 Altitude Tape
This is located to the right of the EFIS display. The altitude bug will be displayed in yellow if it is in the
view area else it will turn cyan in color . The altitude bug can be changed in the quick select menu. The
altitude parameters can be configured in the “ALTITUDE SETUP” menu.
3.1.8 VSI displays
The XTreme provides an analog VSI as well as a digital readout. The VSI scale can be set for a scale of
1000ft/min, 2000ft/min or 4000ft/min / 5m/s, 10m/s, or 20m/s. The VSI parameters can be configured in the “VSI
SETUP” menu.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 8
3.1.9 Information display area 2
The 1st line is the carbon monoxide PPM value from the CO Guardian Detector (CO Guardian detector required).
The 2nd line is the density altitude value. Density altitude is a perceived altitude that pertains to your current altitude and
temperature (and to a lessor extent on your current moisture content of the air). Density altitude is relevant for
performance calculations of your aircraft. Density altitude affects the performance of your engine, propeller and airfoils.
The most noticeable affects of density altitude are length of take-off and landing runs and the ability of your aircraft to
carry weight. There are several methods to calculate density altitude, all result in readings that are very close to each
other. We decided to implement a popular formula that is often used by pilots to calculate density altitude at their location.
T=Ambient temperature in degrees C
Ts=15-.0019812*Pressure Altitude(ft)
Density Altitude=Pressure Altitude(ft)+118.6*(T-Ts)
The 3rd line is the current G-Force value. (MGL Avionics AHRS unit required (SP4/SP5/SP7)).
3.1.10 Timer area
The 1st line is the timer. The Timer can be configured in the quick select menus.
The 2nd line is the flight timer. The flight time is automatically reset to zero when a new flight is
started (manual or automatic flight detection). The flight timer can be started in the quick select
menu (Manual selection).
The 3rd line is the local time. Local time normally includes a offset from Zulu time. The time offset
can be setup in the “TIMERS SETUP” menu.
3.1.11 Slip/Skid indicator
This is located at the bottom of the display. The source of information for this indicator is derived from the accelerometer
aligned with the pitch axis of the aircraft, i.e. the acceleration forces acting in the direction of the wings. The slip/skid ball
can be enabled/disabled in the “HORIZON SETUP” menu
3.1.12 Turn indicator
This is located under the compass tape. The left and right notches indicate a (correctly balanced) rate 1 turn (3º per
second). Therefore 180º turn will take 1 minute, 360º turn will take 2 minutes. The turn indicator can be enabled/disabled
in the “HORIZON SETUP” menu
3.1.13 Horizon line, Roll and Pitch indicators
The horizon line separates the ground from the sky just like a conventional gyro
based artificial horizon. The ground color can be selected to be shown in green
or brown.
The roll markers have tick marks at 10, 20, 30, 45, 60 and 90 degrees of roll.
The pitch markers are horizontal with the horizon and are equally spaced with 5
degrees of separation between lines. The 10 degree pitch lines have a small
pointer on each end which points towards the horizon.
The bank indicator can be configured for a moving type or a stationary type.
All the above parameters can be configured in the “HORIZON SETUP” menu.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 9
3.1.14 Wind speed and direction
The XTreme has the ability to calculate and display the wind speed and direction.
The following variables must be available in order to calculate the wind speed and wind direction
-A valid 2D or 3D GPS fix (COG/SOG)
-Magnetic heading (MGL Avionics magnetic compass is required (SP2/SP6))
-TAS
The wind speed and direction will only be displayed if a valid 2D or 3D GPS fix has not been achieved. The wind speed
and direction will display incorrect information when not in a straight and level flight.
3.1.15 CDI Indicator
The CDI indicator will be displayed at the bottom of the EFIS display when the pilot has selected an active waypoint to fly
to. The CDI bar moves off the center to indicate which direction you must fly in order to stay on the original coarse. If the
CDI is to the left then fly left until the CDI Bar is in the center of the “tick” markers. The “tick” marker scale can be setup in
the “GPS SETUP” menu.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 10
3.2 EFIS Quick Select Menu System
Press the rotary control when the EFIS screen is displayed to access the EFIS quick select
menu.
MARK WAYPOINT:
Select this menu option to mark a waypoint. The latitude, longitude and
altitude are automatically set based on the current location. Enter a short
name and long name for the waypoint so you can easily identify it. Press
save once you have finished editing and to save the waypoint to the
waypoint.ewd file.
START FLIGHT:
Select this option to manually start/stop a flight. This menu option is only shown if the XTreme is setup to select the
manual flight option under the “FLIGHT LOG” setup menu. The flight timer “F”, “FLIGHT” or “FLIGHT TIME” text will flash
to indicate that a valid flight is in progress.
REALIGN AHRS:
If the following message appears then you have to realign the AHRS. This is due to excessive
maneuvering or exceeding the maximum bank, pitch or yaw rates. Select this function to
indicated to the instrument that you are flying straight and level and that gravity tracking may be
accelerated to ensure rapid realignment of the horizon.
LEVEL PITCH:
You can level the pitch of the artificial horizon should your aircraft fly “nose up” or “nose down” due to trim.
ALTITUDE BUG:
Use the rotary control to adjust the altitude bug. Press the “ON/OFF”
soft key to enable or disable the altitude bug icon.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 11
HEADING BUG:
Use the rotary control to adjust the heading bug. Press the “ON/OFF”
soft key to enable or disable the heading bug.
TIMER:
Select this menu option to configure the timer. Use the rotary control to
adjust the timers reset value. Press the “UP/DOWN” soft key to select
whether the timer must count up or down, the “START/STOP” soft key to
start or stop the timer and the “ON/OFF” soft key to enable or disable the
timer.
MIN/MAX:
Select this menu option to display the maximum and minimum captured
values. Press the “RESET” soft key to reset the min/max values to the
current values.
BACKLIGHT:
Select this menu option to adjust the backlight brightness level. This may be desirable
during low light flying conditions. Use the rotary control to adjust the brightness level.
MENU:
Select this menu option to enter the main menu system.
XTreme Operating Manual
3.3 AHRS Failure
The EFIS display will have the following indicators crossed out in case of a AHRS failure (SP4/SP5/SP7).
Page 12
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 13
3.4 EFIS/EMS Display
The EFIS/EMS displays the EFIS in a 2/3 screen format and the engine data in a 1/3 screen format.
3.4.1 EFIS Display
The 2/3 EFIS display is in the same layout format as the full EFIS display. Please see the section 3.1 for more
information.
3.4.2 RPM/Rotor/MAP display section
The RPM/Rotor/MAP section will maximize the space according to which parameter is enabled. The RPM,Rotor and MAP
parameters can be configured in the “EMS SETUP” menu.
RPM,Rotor and MAP enabled.
RPM and MAP enabled.
RPM only.
MAP only.
If the RPM,Rotor and MAP displays are disabled then the Hobbs, maintenance and airframe
timers will be shown.
3.4.3 Oil Temperature, Oil Pressure, Current and Auxiliary analog display section
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 14
This section displays the oil temperature, oil pressure, as well as the 2 auxiliary analog channels (display labels are
configurable). If more then 2 channels are enabled then the display area will alternate at a 3 second interval. The oil
temperature/pressure as well as the 2 auxiliary analog channels can be configured in the “EMS SETUP” menu.
3.4.4 Fuel display section
The XTreme supports dual fuel flow and dual fuel levels. The fuel section will automatically try and maximize the display
area according to the fuel parameters selected. The XTreme has 20 different fuel modes of operation. The fuel
parameters can be configured in the “FUEL SETUP” menu.
3.4.4.1 Single fuel flow and calculated tank level (single tank)
Single fuel flow and fuel level sender (single tank)
Differential fuel flow and calculated tank level (single tank)
Differential fuel flow and fuel level sender (single tank)
Summed fuel flow and calculated tank level (single tank)
Summed fuel flow and fuel level sender (single tank)
3.4.4.2 Dual fuel flow and calculated tank levels (dual tank)
Dual fuel flow and dual fuel level senders (dual tank)
3.4.4.3 Single fuel flow and dual fuel level senders (dual tank)
Single fuel flow, single fuel level sender, single calculated tank
Differential fuel flow and dual fuel level senders (dual tank)
Differential flow, single fuel level sender, single calculated tank
Summed fuel flow and dual fuel level senders (dual tank)
Summed fuel flow, single fuel level sender, single calculated tank
Single/Differential/Summed fuel flow, single fuel level sender, single calculated tank
These modes are nice for multiple fuel tanks whereby one or more tanks are difficult to insert level senders in. Potential
problems such as those listed below can easily be diagnosed by doing side by side comparisons between a calculated
and physical tank.
• Leaks in the fuel system
• Uneven drain of interconnected tanks
• Malfunction of the level sender
• Malfunction of the flow sender
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 15
3.4.4.5 Single fuel flow only indicator
This mode is displayed if either fuel flow 1 or fuel flow 2 is selected and no fuel level senders are selected.
3.4.4.6 Dual fuel flow indicator
This mode is displayed if both fuel flow 1and fuel flow 2 are selected and the fuel mode is selected for dual flow. Both fuel
level senders are disabled.
3.4.4.7 Single tank level indicator
This mode is displayed if either fuel level 1 or fuel level 2 is selected. Both fuel flow senders are disabled.
3.4.4.8 Dual tank level indicator
This mode is displayed if both fuel level 1 and fuel level 2 are selected. Both fuel flow senders are disabled.
3.4.4.9 Differential/Summed fuel flow
This mode is displayed if both fuel flow 1 and fuel flow 2 are selected and the fuel mode is selected for either differential
or summed.
3.4.5 EGT/CHT display section
The XTreme supports up to 12 thermocouples for EGTs/CHTs. The EGT/CHT section will
automatically try and maximize the display area according to the number of EGTs/CHTs
selected. The EGT/CHT parameters can be configured in the “EGT SETUP” and “CHT SETUP”
menu.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 16
The EGT/CHT number will highlight to the indicated temperature value if “HIGHEST” is selected. The EGT highlight color
is magenta, and the CHT color is cyan.
High Alarm
High Caution
Maximum temperature
reached indicator
Temperature unit
EGT/CHT group indicator
Indicates highest value if
“HIGHEST” is selected or
the highlighted bar value
if “SCANNING” is selected
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 17
3.5 EFIS/EMS Quick Select Menu System
Press the rotary control when the EFIS/EMS screen is displayed to access the quick select
menu.
MARK WAYPOINT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
START FLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
REALIGN AHRS:
See section 3.2 for more information.
LEVEL PITCH:
See section 3.2 for more information.
ALTITUDE BUG:
See section 3.2 for more information.
HEADING BUG:
See section 3.2 for more information.
FUEL REFILL:
Select this menu option to refill a calculated fuel tank. Press the
“FULL” soft key for a quick fill to the full reading in the tank setup
menu. Press the “EXIT” soft key when done.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 18
FUEL TOTALS:
Select this menu option to display the fuel totals. Press the
“RESET” soft key to reset the totalisers to zero. Press the “EXIT”
soft key when done.
TIMER:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MIN/MAX:
See section 3.2 for more information.
BACKLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MENU:
Select this menu option to enter the main menu system.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 19
3.6 EFIS/HSI Display
The EFIS/HSI displays the EFIS in a 2/3 screen format and the navigation information in a 1/3 screen format.
3.6.1 EFIS Display
The 2/3 EFIS display is in the same layout format as the full EFIS display. Please see the section 3.1 for more
information.
3.6.2 Navigation Display
The XTreme displays the navigation information in a form of a HSI (Horizontal Situation
Indicator)
Heading:
The yellow bar at the top points to your heading. It is also known as the lubber line.
Compass Rose:
The compass rose is the 360 degree circle around the HSI. It is broken down into 5 degree
divisions.
Heading Bug:
The 2 yellow lines indicate the heading bug. The heading bug can be adjusted in the quick
select menu system.
Coarse Selector:
The magenta arrow (Indicating that the information is coming the internal GPS) points in the
direction which you must fly in order to reach the active waypoint.
CDI (Coarse Deviation Indicator):
The center line of the Coarse Selector moves off the center to indicate which direction you must fly in order to stay on the
the original coarse. If the CDI is to the left then fly left until the CDI lines up with the Coarse selector. The “tick” marker
scale can be setup in the “GPS SETUP” menu.
Navigation Information:
Under the HIS you will find the short name of the active waypoint. You will also find the following information:
ETA: Estimated Time of Arrival.
XTreme Operating Manual
ETE: Estimated Time En Route.
TRK: GPS ground track.
DTW: Distance to waypoint.
CRS: The current set coarse to the active waypoint.
Page 20
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 21
3.7 EFIS/HSI Quick Select Menu System
Press the rotary control when the EFIS/HSI screen is displayed to access the quick select
menu.
MARK WAYPOINT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
START FLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
REALIGN AHRS:
See section 3.2 for more information.
LEVEL PITCH:
See section 3.2 for more information.
ALTITUDE BUG:
See section 3.2 for more information.
HEADING BUG:
See section 3.2 for more information.
TIMER:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MIN/MAX:
See section 3.2 for more information.
BACKLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MENU:
Select this menu option to enter the main menu system.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 22
3.8 VFR Display
The VFR display shows the altitude, airspeed, VSI and navigation in a full screen format.
3.8.1 Airspeed Dial
This displays the airspeed as a traditional analog airspeed indicator. A digital readout of
the airspeed value is also displayed below the dial. The Vso (min safe speed, landing),
Vs1 (min safe speed, normal), Vfe (max flap speed), Vno(max maneuvering speed) and Vne
(max exceed speed) can be configured in the “AIRSPEED SETUP” menu.
3.8.2 Altitude Dial
This displays the altitude as a traditional 3 needle analog altimeter. A digital readout of the
altitude value is also displayed below the dial. The altitude parameters can be configured in the
“ALTITUDE SETUP” menu.
The local pressure setting (QNH) is located in the bottom center of the altitude dial. Turn the
rotary control to change the local pressure setting. The local pressure can be displayed in mB
or in “HG.
3.8.3 VSI indicator
This displays the VSI as a traditional VSI indicator. The scale and units can be configured in
the “VSI SETUP” menu.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 23
3.8.4 Ground Speed
This is located in the top left corner of the VFR display. The ground speed value will only be displayed when a valid 2D or
3D GPS fix has been achieved.
3.8.5 True Airspeed (TAS)
Please see section 3.1.4 for more information.
3.8.6 GPS Fix Status
GPS fix status. AQ=acquiring (Red text color), 2D=2D fix, 3D=3D fix.
3.8.7 Density Altitude
Please see section 3.1.9 for more information.
3.8.8 Wind speed and Direction
Please see section 3.1.14 for more information.
3.8.9 Heading Box
The heading is corrected for attitude while pitching and rolling (MGL Avionics AHRS unit required (SP4/SP5/SP7)).The
Compass parameters can be configured in the “COMPASS SETUP” menu. The heading source of information can be
from a magnetic sensor (MGL Avionics SP2/6) or from the coarse over ground value from the GPS receiver. When the
heading source of information is from the GPS receiver then the heading will be displayed in magenta.
3.8.10 Information display area 1
Flight Time:
The flight time is automatically reset to zero when a new flight is started (manual or automatic flight detection). The text
“FLIGHT TIME” will flash when a flight is active. The flight timer can be started in the quick select menu (Manual flight
mode).
Zulu Time:
This is also know as UTC or GMT time. The RTC (real time clock) can be selected to either use the internal RTC or from
the GPS (external or internal). The RTC can be setup in the “TIMERS SETUP” menu.
Local Time:
Local time normally includes an offset from Zulu time. The time offset can be setup in the “TIMERS SETUP” menu.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 24
Timer:
The Timer can be configured in the quick select menu.
Hobbs:
The XTreme contains a password protected Hobbs timer. The Hobbs time can be set to the current known engine time in
the “TIMERS SETUP” menu. The Hobbs timer will only increment when the RPM is greater then the “HOBBS MINIMUM
RPM”.
Maintenance:
This timer is set in engine hours and it will count down to zero when the engine RPM is greater then the “HOBBS
MINIMUM RPM” value as set in the “TIMERS SETUP”. A good use for this function is to set the hours until your next
spark plug change or engine inspection.
The purpose of this function is to assist you in determining remaining hours until maintenance will be required. It is not
intended as a replacement for the aircraft's maintenance log. It is therefore important that the aircraft's maintenance log
be maintained in the normal manner. You should further use your own discretion in performing maintenance earlier than
indicated should any aircraft performance problems arise.
A maximum of 999 hours can be entered as a maintenance interval. A
reminder message will appear on startup when zero hours are
remaining. The reminder message will automatically disappear after 10
seconds or if the pilot presses any key. Engine running time for the
purpose of the maintenance timer is defined as the run time where the engine RPM is greater than the “HOBBS
MINIMUM RPM” value as set in the “TIMERS SETUP”.
Airframe:
This timer operates similar to the engine maintenance timer but is based on flight time. You might use it to schedule
thorough airframe checks at intervals..
A reminder message will appear on startup when zero hours are remaining. The
reminder message will automatically disappear after 10 seconds or if the pilot
presses any key.
3.8.11 Information area 2
Volts:
The XTreme can measure the supply voltage up to 30Vdc. The supply volts parameters can be configured in the “VOLTS
SETUP” menu.
OAT:
Outside air temperature can be measured using the external temperature probe. The OAT parameters can be configured
in the “OAT SETUP” menu.
Glide Ratio:
Glide ratio can be measured up to 1:99. Glide ratio is measured as a ratio between forward movement of the aircraft vs.
vertical sink rate. Please note that the forward movement of the aircraft is not synonymous with horizontal forward
movement relative to the earth surface but is a function of airspeed.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 25
Climb Ratio:
Climb ratio can be measured up to 1:99. Climb ratio is measured as a ratio between forward movement of the aircraft vs.
vertical climb rate. Please note that the forward movement of the aircraft is not synonymous with horizontal forward
movement relative to the earth surface but is a function of airspeed.
Barometer:
Ambient pressure can be displayed in either millibar (mb) or in Inches of Mercury (“Hg). The setup for the “PRESSURE
UNIT” in the “ALTITUDE SETUP” menu will determine which.
3.8.12 Navigation Display
Please see section 3.6.2 for more information.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 26
3.9 VFR Quick Select Menu System
Press the rotary control when the VFR display screen is displayed to access the quick
select menu.
MARK WAYPOINT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
START FLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
HEADING BUG:
See section 3.2 for more information.
TIMER:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MIN/MAX:
See section 3.2 for more information.
BACKLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MENU:
Select this menu option to enter the main menu system.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 27
3.10 VFR/EMS Display
The VFR display shows the altitude, airspeed and VSI in the traditional round gauges with 1/3 of the screen reserved for
engine data.
3.10.1 Airspeed Dial
This displays the airspeed as a traditional analog airspeed indicator. A digital readout of
the airspeed value is also displayed below the dial. The Vso (min safe speed, landing), Vs1
(min safe speed, normal), Vfe (max flap speed), Vno(max maneuvering speed) and Vne (max
exceed speed) can be configured in the “AIRSPEED SETUP” menu.
3.10.2 Altitude Dial
This displays the altitude as a traditional 3 needle analog altimeter. A digital readout of the
altitude value is also displayed below the dial. The altitude parameters can be configured in the
“ALTITUDE SETUP” menu.
The local pressure setting (QNH) is located in the bottom center of the altitude dial. Turn the
rotary control to change the local pressure setting. The local pressure can be displayed in mB or
in “HG.
3.10.3 VSI indicator
This displays the VSI as a traditional VSI indicator. The scale and units can be configured in the
“VSI SETUP” menu.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 28
3.10.4 Ground Speed
This is located in the top left
corner of the VFR display. The ground speed value will only be displayed when a valid
2D or 3D GPS fix has been achieved.
3.10.5 True Airspeed (TAS)
Please see section 3.1.4 for more information.
3.10.6 GPS Fix Status
GPS fix status. AQ=acquiring (Red text color), 2D=2D fix, 3D=3D fix.
3.10.7 Density Altitude
Please see section 3.1.9 for more information.
3.10.8 Wind speed and Direction
Please see section 3.1.14 for more information.
3.10.9 Heading Box
The heading is corrected for attitude while pitching and rolling (MGL Avionics AHRS unit required (SP4/SP5/SP7)).The
Compass parameters can be configured in the “COMPASS SETUP” menu. The heading source of information can be
from a magnetic sensor (MGL Avionics SP2/6) or from the coarse over ground value from the GPS receiver. When the
heading source of information is from the GPS receiver then the heading will be displayed in magenta.
3.10.10 Information display area 1
Flight Time:
The flight time is automatically reset to zero when a new flight is started (manual or automatic flight detection). The text
“FLIGHT TIME” will flash when a flight is active. The flight timer can be started in the quick select menu (Manual flight
mode).
Zulu Time:
This is also know as UTC or GMT time. The RTC (real time clock) can be selected to come from the internal RTC or from
the GPS (external or internal). The RTC can be setup in the “TIMERS SETUP” menu.
Local Time:
Local time normally includes an offset from Zulu time. The time offset can be setup in the “TIMERS SETUP” menu.
Timer:
The Timer can be configured in the quick select menu.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 29
Hobbs:
The XTreme contains a password protected Hobbs timer. The Hobbs time can be set to the current known engine time in
the “TIMERS SETUP” menu. The Hobbs timer will only increment when the RPM is greater then the “HOBBS MINIMUM
RPM”.
Maintenance:
This timer is set in engine hours and it will count down to zero when the engine RPM is greater then the “HOBBS
MINIMUM RPM” value as set in the “TIMERS SETUP”. A good use for this function is to set the hours until your next
spark plug change or engine inspection.
The purpose of this function is to assist you in determining remaining hours until maintenance will be required. It is not
intended as a replacement for the aircraft's maintenance log. It is therefore important that the aircraft's maintenance log
be maintained in the normal manner. You should further use your own discretion in performing maintenance earlier than
indicated should any aircraft performance problems arise.
A maximum of 999 hours can be entered as a maintenance interval. A
reminder message will appear on startup when zero hours are
remaining. The reminder message will automatically disappear after 10
seconds or if the pilot presses any key. Engine running time for the
purpose of the maintenance timer is defined as the run time where the engine RPM is greater than the “HOBBS
MINIMUM RPM” value as set in the “TIMERS SETUP”.
Airframe:
This timer operates similar to the engine maintenance timer but is based on flight time. You might use it to schedule
thorough airframe checks at intervals, perhaps every 25 or 50 hours.
A reminder message will appear on startup when zero hours are remaining. The
reminder message will automatically disappear after 10 seconds or if the pilot
presses any key.
3.10.11 Information area 2
Volts:
The XTreme can measure the supply voltage up to 30Vdc. The supply volts parameters can be configured in the “VOLTS
SETUP” menu.
OAT:
Outside air temperature can be measured using the external temperature probe. The OAT parameters can be configured
in the “OAT SETUP” menu.
Glide Ratio:
Glide ratio can be measured up to 1:99. Glide ratio is measured as a ratio between forward movement of the aircraft vs.
vertical sink rate. Please note that the forward movement of the aircraft is not synonymous with horizontal forward
movement relative to the earth surface but is a function of airspeed.
Climb Ratio:
Climb ratio can be measured up to 1:99. Climb ratio is measured as a ratio between forward movement of the aircraft vs.
vertical climb rate. Please note that the forward movement of the aircraft is not synonymous with horizontal forward
movement relative to the earth surface but is a function of airspeed.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 30
Barometer:
Ambient pressure can be displayed in either millibar (mb) or in Inches of Mercury (“Hg). The setup for the “PRESSURE
UNIT” in the “ALTITUDE SETUP” menu will determine which.
3.10.12 Navigation Page
Please see section 3.6.2 for more information.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 31
3.11 VFR Quick Select Menu System
Press the rotary control when the VFR screen is displayedto access the VFR quick select
menu.
MARK WAYPOINT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
START FLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
FUEL REFILL:
See section 3.5 for more information.
FUEL TOTALS:
See section 3.5 for more information.
TIMER:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MIN/MAX:
See section 3.2 for more information.
BACKLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MENU:
Select this menu option to enter the main menu system.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 32
3.12 EMS Display
The engine data is displayed in a full screen format.
3.12.1 Information bar
FLIGHT:
The flight time is automatically reset to zero when a new flight is started (manual or automatic flight detection). The text
“FLIGHT” will flash when a flight is active. The flight timer can be started in the quick select menu (Manual flight mode).
LOCAL:
Local time normally includes an offset from Zulu time. The time offset can be setup in the “TIMERS SETUP” menu.
TIMER:
See section 3.2 for more information.
HOBBS:
See section 3.6.9 for more information.
MAINT:
See section 3.6.9 for more information.
Airframe:
See section 3.6.9 for more information.
3.12.2 RPM/Rotor/MAP display section
The RPM/Rotor/MAP section will maximize the space according to which parameter RPM/Rotor/MAP is enabled. The
RPM,Rotor and MAP parameters can be configured in the “EMS SETUP” menu.
RPM,Rotor and MAP enabled.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 33
RPM and MAP enabled.
RPM only enabled
MAP only enabled
3.12.3 Volts, OAT, Oil Temperature/Pressure, Current and Auxiliary Analog section
This section displays the supply voltage, OAT, oil temperature, oil pressure, as well as the 2 auxiliary analog channels.
The oil temperature/pressure as well as the 2 auxiliary analog channels can be configured in the “EMS SETUP” menu.
3.12.4 Fuel display section
The XTreme supports dual fuel flow and dual fuel levels. The fuel section will automatically try and maximize the display
area according to the fuel parameters selected. The XTreme has 20 different fuel modes of operation. The fuel
parameters can be configured in the “FUEL SETUP” menu. See section 0.0 for more information.
3.12.4.1 Single fuel flow and calculated tank level (single tank)
Single fuel flow and fuel level sender (single tank)
Differential fuel flow and calculated tank level (single tank)
Differential fuel flow and fuel level sender (single tank)
Summed fuel flow and calculated tank level (single tank)
Summed fuel flow and fuel level sender (single tank)
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 34
3.12.4.2 Dual fuel flow and calculated tank levels (dual tank)
Dual fuel flow and dual fuel level senders (dual tank)
3.12.4.3 Single fuel flow and dual fuel level senders (dual tank)
Single fuel flow, single fuel level sender, single calculated tank
Differential fuel flow and dual fuel level senders (dual tank)
Differential flow, single fuel level sender, single calculated tank
Summed fuel flow and dual fuel level senders (dual tank)
Summed fuel flow, single fuel level sender, single calculated tank
Single/Differential/Summed fuel flow, single fuel level sender, single calculated tank
These modes are nice for multiple fuel tanks whereby one or more tanks are difficult to insert level senders in. Potential
problems such as those listed below can easily be diagnosed by doing side by side comparisons between a calculated
and physical tank.
• Leaks in the fuel system
• Uneven drain of interconnected tanks
• Malfunction of the level sender
• Malfunction of the flow sender
3.12.4.5 Single fuel flow only indicator
This mode is displayed if either fuel flow 1 or fuel flow 2 is selected and no fuel level senders are selected.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 35
3.12.4.6 Dual fuel flow indicator
This mode is displayed if both fuel flow 1and fuel flow 2 are selected and the fuel mode is selected for dual flow. Both fuel
level senders are disabled.
3.12.4.7 Single tank level indicator
This mode is displayed if either fuel level 1 or fuel level 2 is selected. Both fuel flow senders are disabled.
3.12.4.8 Dual tank level indicator
This mode is displayed if both fuel level 1 and fuel level 2 are selected. Both fuel flow senders are disabled.
3.12.4.9 Differential/Summed fuel flow
This mode is displayed if both fuel flow 1 and fuel flow 2 are selected and the fuel mode is selected for either differential
or summed.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 36
3.12.4.10 Calculated Fuel Tanks
Calculated fuel tanks will have the text “CALC” in the fuel bar to indicate that the fuel level is calculated from fuel flow and
that it is not a physical measure of the fuel tank.
3.12.4.10 Fuel at Waypoint and GPS Fix Status
The Xtreme will display the fuel remaining at the waypoint once an active waypoint has been selected.
The GPS fix status is located next to the fuel range. AQ=acquiring (Red text color), 2D=2D fix, 3D=3D fix.
3.12.5 EGT/CHT display section
The XTreme supports up to 12 thermocouples for EGTs/CHTs. The EGT/CHT section will automatically try and maximize
the display area according to the number of EGTs/CHTs selected. The EGT/CHT parameters can be configured in the
“EGT SETUP” and “CHT SETUP” menu.
The EGT/CHT number will highlight to the indicated the temperature value if “HIGHEST” is selected. The EGT highlight
color is magenta, and the CHT color is cyan.
High Alarm
Maximum temperature
reached indicator
High Caution
Temperature units
EGT group indicator
CHT group indicator
EGT High alarm value
Indicates highest value if
“HIGHEST” is selected or
the highlighted bar value
if “SCANNING” is selected
CHT High alarm value
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 37
3.13 EMS Quick Select Menu System
Press the rotary control when the EMS screen is displayed to access the EMS quick select
menu.
MARK WAYPOINT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
START FLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
FUEL REFILL:
See section 3.5 for more information.
LEAN MODE:
EGT information is also very useful for fuel mixture control. As the fuel mixture is leaned, so the exhaust gasses get
hotter. This rise in temperature is a sign of increased combustion efficiency as the optimum mixture setting is approached.
If the leaning progresses past a certain point however, the temperature will begin to drop. This temperature drop is the
result of reduced energy output from the diminished fuel flow. The best operating mixture for aircraft engines is in the
vicinity of this peak EGT reading. The XTreme has a special Leaning mode, which easily identifies the peak EGT
condition allowing you to adjust your fuel mixture for best performance. Fuel mixture should be adjusted once you have
decided on a suitable cruise power setting (typically 70%). Once leaning mode has been enabled, the "LEAN MODE"
label is displayed at the bottom left of the EMS display to clearly differentiate it from the normal operating mode. As the
fuel mixture is slowly leaned past the point at which the temperature begins to drop (by more than 10°C/15°F), the
absolute EGT temperatures will change to show the EGT reading relative to this peak. The sequential order as each
cylinder peaks is also shown as numeric text under the cylinder. Leaning mode can be canceled by pressing the soft key
to “OFF” or by changing the display screen.
EGT Reading relative
to first peaked cylinder
EGT Temperature
while leaning
Lean mode indictor
2nd cylinder to peak
1st cylinder to peak
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 38
CRUISE MODE:
Once cruise mode has been enabled, the "CRUISE MODE" label is displayed at
the bottom of the EMS display to clearly differentiate it from the normal operating
mode. All EGT and CHT readings are immediately sampled as reference
temperatures for the cruise. The display then shows EGT and CHT values
relative to this reference temperature. Cruise mode can be canceled by pressing
the soft key to “OFF”.
FUEL TOTALS:
See section 3.5 for more information.
TIMER:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MIN/MAX:
See section 3.2 for more information.
BACKLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MENU:
Select this menu option to enter the main menu system.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 39
3.14 Electrical System Display
The electrical system page displays the electrical system/ECB (Electronic Circuit Breaker) information. The XTreme
supports the Vertical Power VP-X electrical system / ECB unit.
Please note that the XTreme has only 1x RS232 serial port that can only have one piece of equipment connected to it.
Equipment includes: serial altitude encoder, Electrical system (Vertical Power VP-X) and the CO Guardian carbon
monoxide detector.
3.14.1 Message Window
This windows displays the status of the VP-X system.
3.14.2 System Power Window
This windows displays the main power values as reported by the VP-X system.
3.14.3 WIGWAG mode
This annunciator will indicate that the wigwag function has been activated on the VP-X system. Please see the
Vertical Power VP-X documentation for further information.
3.14.4 Device Information
This window displays the highlighted devices name, circuit breaker current
value, the current used by the device, status and location.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 40
Use the rotary control to view the desired device. The Circular dot
indicates the following:
Green dot: Device is on and ok.
White dot: Device is off.
Red Dot: Device is in a fault condition.
The soft keys allow the user to manually turn on or off a device. If the
device is in a fault condition, the ON/OFF soft keys are hidden and the
RESET soft key is shown.
3.15 Electrical System Quick Select Menu System
Press the rotary control when the electrical system screen is shown to access the electrical
system quick select menu.
WIG-WAG:
Select “AUTO” to activate the wigwag mode, or “STEADY” to cancel the wigwag mode.
Please see the Vertical Power VP-X documentation for further information.
MARK WAYPOINT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
START FLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MIN/MAX:
See section 3.2 for more information.
BACKLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MENU:
Select this menu option to enter the main menu system.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 41
3.16 GPS Display
The GPS page show the GPS information in an easy to read format. Sunrise/sunset times as well as the magnetic
variation is shown.
3.17 GPS Quick Select Menu System
Press the rotary control when the GPS screen is shown to access the GPS quick select menu.
MARK WAYPOINT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
START FLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MIN/MAX:
See section 3.2 for more information.
BACKLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MENU:
Select this menu option to enter the main menu system.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 42
3.18 Information/Checklist Display
The Information/Checklist page shows checklists and graphic information pages which are loadable from the SD card.
3.18.1 Graphic information pages
The graphic information page allows you to display any type of image on the XTremes high resolution graphics display.
Creating your own graphic information pages
You will need:
·A bitmap picture of your choice (*.BMP, 480x272 pixel resolution)
·The Enigma BMP to MIF converter tool (can be downloaded free of charge from http://www.mglavionics.co.za or can be
found on the XTreme distribution SD card).
The Enigma BMP to MIF program is used to convert images in Windows BMP format to Enigma MIF format. You can use
this program to make your own startup screen (Splash screen) and graphic information pages. The color depth is limited
to Enigmas 256 colors.
Run the Enigma BMP image to MIF format converter program.
Load an image file (and remember the location), select the resolution as width (480) and height (272) and press the
process button. The new MIF image will be located in the same directory as the source (.BMP) file. Copy the created file
(.MIF extension) to the Infopage directory on the SD card.
The graphic information file can then be loaded by pressing the rotary
control and selecting “INFO PAGES”. A window containing all the files
with the .MIF extension is shown. Select the desired information page.
The number of information pages that can be stored and displayed
depends on the size of the SD card.
3.18.2 Checklists
A checklist file is simply a text file created in a word processing program and saved with a .ECL extension. The name of
the file does not matter but we suggest calling it something familiar so you can easily identify it. The length of each text
line must not be more then 60 characters and must be terminated with an Enter (CR). The line will automatically be
truncated at the end of the right hand side of the screen. Each checklist file must not be more then 30 lines.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 43
Copy the created file (.ECL extension) to the checklst directory on the
SD card when you are complete. The checklist file can be loaded by
pressing the rotary control and selecting “CHECKLISTS”. A window
containing all the files with the .ECL extension will shown. Select the
checklist you require. The number of checklists that can be stored and
displayed depends on the size of the SD card.
3.19 Information/Checklist Quick Select Menu System
Press the rotary control when the Info/Checklist screen is shown to access the Info/checklist
quick select menu.
MARK WAYPOINT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
START FLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
INFO PAGES:
This menu option selects a graphic information page to display. A window will open displaying all the files with the .MIF
extension in the Infopage directory on the SD card. Press the rotary control over the file you wish to load as a graphic
information page.
CHECKLISTS:
This menu option selects a checklist to display. A window will open displaying all the files with the .XCL extension in the
Checklst directory on the SD card. Press the rotary control over the file you wish to load as a checklist.
MIN/MAX:
See section 3.2 for more information.
BACKLIGHT:
See section 3.2 for more information.
MENU:
Select this menu option to enter the main menu system.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 44
3.20 Waypoints
The XTreme has 2 databases that it uses for waypoints. A “NAVIDATA” and a user “SUPPLEMENTARY” database.
The Navidata database is compiled by the MGL Central application. There are precompiled navidata databases for most
countries on the XTreme distribution SD Card and also from various MGL websites. Alternatively Waypoint and airport
data can be obtained for many areas of the world through the free service provided at www.navaid.com web site.
Download data for your region in GPX format. This can be imported into the MGL Central application. Please note that
the navidata database must be in a version 5 format and must not be encrypted. If you are unsure of the version then
import the navidata file into the latest version of the MGL central application and then re-export it again. THE
NAVIDATA.EWD FILE MUST RESIDE IN THE ROOT DIRECTORY OF THE SD CARD.
The user “Supplementary” database is the database that can be created and edited on the Xtreme using the waypoint
menu or in the MGL central application. The file must be called waypoint.ewd and it must RESIDE IN THE ROOT
DIRECTORY OF THE SD CARD. Waypoints that are created using the mark function in the quick select menu are saved
in this database.
Press the 2nd most left softkey during the normal display screens to access the waypoint selection screen. The following
screen will be displayed:
N: Waypoint is in the navidata database.
W: Waypoint is in the supplemental database.
6 Character short Waypoint
name.
Distance to waypoint from
the current location
Long Waypoint name.
Page up and Page down
softkeys.
The nearest 100 waypoints to your current location is displayed.
Scroll up and down through
the waypoint list
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 45
Searching Waypoints:
Press the search waypoint to search the navigation databases if the required waypoint is not in the list. The following
screen is displayed:
Use the rotary control to enter the search string for the short name. Once the required waypoint is visible in the list press
the “LIST” softkey. Use the rotary control to scroll up and down the list. Press the rotary control to select the required
waypoint.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 46
4 Main Menu System
To access the main menu system, press the rotary control knob, scroll down to the “MENU”
option and press the rotary control knob again. Use the rotary control to navigate through the
menu system.
4.1 Menu Sub-Bar
Use the menu sub-bar for quick menu navigation. Select the soft key directly under the text to activate that function.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 47
4.2 Flight Log
EXPORT FLIGHT LOG TO SD CARD:
Use this function to export the current flight logs stored in the XTreme to a SD card. The exported filename is
FLTLOG.LOG. The exported flight log can then be imported into the MGL Avionics Enigma Flight Planner software for
editing and printing. Please see the Enigma Flight Planner software for further information.
VIEW FLIGHT LOG:
This allows the pilot to view the last 1000 recorded flights.
ERASE FLIGHT LOG:
Use this function to erase the current flight log stored in the XTreme.
PILOT NUMBER:
Select a pilot number under which the next flights will be logged. Every flight entry in the flight log has a pilot number
associated to it.
EFIS FLIGHT TIMER DISPLAY:
This enables or disables the flight timer display on the EFIS and MFD displays.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 48
FLIGHT DETECT:
Select if you want the flight log to automatically “AUTOMATIC” start or if you want to manually “MANUAL” start and stop
it.
The XTreme uses the following algorithm to determine if a flight is in progress (“AUTOMATIC” mode): If the airspeed is
greater than the preset “FLIGHT DETECT MINIMUM ASI” value or the RPM is greater than the preset “FLIGHT DETECT
MINIMUM RPM” value for a duration of 60 seconds or more, a flight is started with a logbook entry. The flight ends if
airspeed or RPM falls below the preset value for 30 seconds.
The above algorithm ensures that touch-and-goes will not result in the end of a flight and a logbook entry. Should the
instrument be switched off during a flight, this will end the flight and the log will reflect the time until the instrument was
switched off. Should the instrument be switched on again during a flight, a new flight will start for logging purposes
FLIGHT DETECT MINIMUM RPM: (Automatic mode only)
Enter the minimum RPM threshold that will start a new flight log entry.
FLIGHT DETECT MINIMUM ASI: (Automatic mode only)
Enter the minimum ASI threshold that will start a new flight log entry.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 49
4.3 Waypoint Setup
The waypoint setup allows the pilot to edit the supplementary waypoint database.
NEW WAYPOINT:
Select this menu option to create a new waypoint.
EDIT WAYPOINT:
Select this menu option to edit a waypoint.
Total number of
waypoints in the
waypoint.ewd file
Waypoint short name
Distance of waypoint
From the current
location
Waypoint long name
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 50
VIEW WAYPOINT:
Select this menu option to view a waypoint.
Total number of
waypoints in the
waypoint.ewd file
Waypoint short name
Distance of waypoint
From the current
location
Waypoint long name
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 51
DELETE WAYPOINT:
Select this menu option to delete a waypoint.
WAYPOINT DISPLAY TYPES:
Select what type of waypoints to display when browsing/searching the navidata file. Selecting only the waypoint types of
interest can speed up the database searching considerably.
WAYPOINT MESSAGE ALERT:
Enter the distance to the waypoint when the waypoint alert message must be displayed.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 52
4.4 Route Setup (NOT COMPLETE)
NEW ROUTE:
Select this menu option to create a new route. A file with the route name with the extension .ert will be created in the root
directory of the SD card.
ADD/INSERT WAYPOINT TO ROUTE:
Select this menu option to add a waypoint to a route.
REMOVE WAYPOINT FROM ROUTE:
Select this menu option to remove a waypoint from a route.
VIEW ROUTE:
Select this menu option to view all the waypoints in a route.
EDIT ROUTE NAME:
Select this menu option to edit the route name.
DELETE ROUTE:
Select this menu option to delete a route.
XTreme Operating Manual
4.5 EFIS Setup
Page 53
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 54
4.5.1 Altitude Setup
ALTITUDE UNIT:
Select if you want the altitude displayed in ft (feet) or m (meters).
PRESSURE UNIT:
Select if you want the local pressure displayed in mB (millibars) or “Hg (inches of mercury).
EFIS DENSITY ALTITUDE:
This enables or disables the density altitude diisplay on the EFIS and MFD displays.
ALTITUDE CALIBRATION FACTOR:
On the rear of your XTreme instrument you will find the calibration factor that has been determined to ensure the most
accurate reading of your altimeter. This is the value that should be entered here. Should you have access to an accurate
reference you may use this function to calibrate your altimeter. Before you do this, ensure that your calibrated and
certified reference is set to the local pressure of 1013.25mB (29.92”HG). Your altimeter has been calibrated by the factory
to an accuracy of +/- one mB or approximately +/- 30 ft (10m) at sea level.
SERIAL OUTPUT:
Select “ON” to enable the RS232 serial altitude output. This formatted serial RS232 message can be directly interfaced to
various RS232 serial input transponders. If a parallel Gillham output is required then a CNV-AT can be purchased from
your MGL Avionics distributor to convert the RS232 output to a parallel Gillham output. The RS232 is output on PIN 7
(RS232 port 1 TXD)
SERIAL PROTOCOL:
Select the protocol of the serial RS232 output message. The protocol can be selected between GARMIN AT, Magellan,
Northstar/Garmin, Trimble/Garmin, MGL Avionics and Microair UAV. Please note that the baud rate is automatically
adjusted according to which protocol is selected. The output format is as follows. The message contains the current
pressure altitude with a fixed reference to 1013.25mB (29.92 inches mercury). All protocols use 8 databits, no parity, and
1 stop bit. The message is outputted once a second.
Protocol
Garmin AT
Baud
Rate
1200
Message format
#AL, space, +/-, five altitude digits right
justified zero padded, T+25, checksum,
carriage return
The checksum is a simple modulo 256 sum
of the binary values of the individual
characters. The checksum is sent as two
Example
#AL +02372T+25DF[CR]
XTreme Operating Manual
Magellan
Northstar,
Garmin
Trimble,
Garmin
MGL Avionics
Microair UAV
1200
4800
9600
9600
9600
characters in hexadecimal format
#MGL, +/-, five altitude digits right justified
zero padded, T+25, checksum, carriage
return
The checksum is a simple modulo 256 sum
of the binary values of the individual
characters. The checksum is sent as two
characters in hexadecimal format
ALT, space, five altitude digits right justified
zero padded, carriage return
ALT, space, five altitude digits right justified
zero padded, carriage return
ALT, +/-, five altitude digits right justified
zero padded ,1013.25mB (29.92”Hg)
referenced, C, +/-, five altitude digits right
justified zero padded (corrected to local
pressure), L, local pressure setting in
millibars,+/-, four digit VSI reading right
justified zero padded in ft/min, X,
checksum, carriage return
The checksum is a simple modulo 256 sum
of the binary values of the individual
characters. The checksum is sent as two
characters in hexadecimal format
STX,a,=, five altitude digits right justified
zero padded, ETX
Page 55
$MGL+02372T+2513[CR]
ALT 02372[CR]
ALT 02372[CR]
ALT+02372C+02372L1013+0000XCA[
CR]
[STX]a=02372[ETX]
STX=0x02
ETX=0x03
CR=0x0D
SERIAL RESOLUTION:
Select the resolution of the output altitude data, a selection of 1,10,25 or 100 ft can be selected.
Please note that the XTreme has only 1x RS232 serial port that can only have one piece of equipment connected to it.
Equipment includes: serial altitude encoder, Electrical system (Vertical Power VP-X) and the CO Guardian carbon
monoxide detector.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 56
4.5.2 Airspeed Setup
ZERO ASI SENSOR:
This setup allows your instrument to measure
the zero airspeed reading of the airspeed
sensor and set a calibration value internally for
this. This is equivalent to some mechanical
airspeed
indicators
that
have
an
adjustment to set the needle to zero when the
aircraft is not moving. You would use this
function occasionally if you see an airspeed
reading when the aircraft is at rest. This may be
caused by aging of the built in pressure sensor
or related electronics. When this function is
performed make sure that there is no air flow
into the pitot tube as this would result in an
incorrect internal calibration.
ASI UNIT:
Select if you want the ASI to be displayed in mph (statute miles per hour), km/h (kilometers per hour) or kts (nautical miles
per hour).
ASI FILTER:
This function can be used to select the signal filter time constant. Selections are "NONE", “FAST” or “SLOW”. This
selection influences the rate at which your ASI can change its reading. If you have an installation that suffers from strong
turbulence at the pitot tube, select “slow”. If you have a very clean airflow in front of the pilot tube you can select “fast”
which will give you a faster response to airspeed changes.
ASI SPAN (TAPE&DIAL):
Select the maximum value that you want the airspeed tape & dial displays to show. This can give you increased display
resolution.
ASI IN VIEW (TAPE):
Adjust this setting to set the amount of tape to view. For example, setting this value to 30% and your "ASI SPAN" to 250
will result in the tape showing 75 on the display at a time.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 57
Vne (MAX EXCEED SPEED):
Enter you maximum speed you aircraft should not exceed.
Vno(MAX MANEUVERING SPEED):
Enter your maximum maneuvering speed.
Vfe (MAX FLAP SPEED):
Enter the maximum speed that is permissible with the flaps extended.
Vs1 (MIN SAFE SPEED, NORMAL):
Enter your minimum safe speed for normal flight of your aircraft
Vso (MIN SAFE SPEED, LANDING):
Enter your minimum safe speed for landing your aircraft
Vs ALARM:
This enables or disables Vs Alarm
Vne ALARM:
This enables or disables the VNE alarm.
ASI CALIBRATION FACTOR:
During the factory calibration a factor has been determined and entered here that will give you accurate airspeed,
provided your pitot tube is not influenced by pressure effects caused by airflow around your airframe. The calibration is
displayed in % of the reading, you can increase or decrease the reading if required to help cancel out under or over
reading of the airspeed indicator on your aircraft. The original calibration factor has been written onto the back of your
XTreme instrument.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 58
4.5.3 VSI Setup
VSI UNIT:
Select if you want the VSI to be displayed in "ft/min" (feet/minute) or "m/s" (meters/second).
VSI SCALE:
Select the VSI scale most suited for your aircraft.
VSI CALIBRATION FACTOR:
This is a function that is used to calibrate your VSI to read exact rates of climb or decent. This function works as a
percentage of initial reading. The default setting for this function is 100%. Increasing this value increases the VSI reading
and decreasing the value decreases the reading.
Suggested VSI calibration method
After you have installed the instrument, perform a calibration flight. This should be done in very calm conditions.
Turbulence and thermal activity will make accurate calibration impossible. Many areas have ideal conditions during early
mornings or late afternoons. Place the instrument in ft/min for ease of calibration. Take your aircraft to a few
thousand feet above ground and start a glide with a low power setting. Take a stopwatch and when the glide is stable
(stable VSI reading) start the stopwatch. Take note of your altimeter reading at the same time. Continue the stable glide
for one minute exactly. After the minute has finished, take another reading of your altimeter.
Example:
VSI reading during stable glide: -400 ft/min
Start altitude: 2500 ft.
End altitude: 2050 ft.
In the above example the VSI is under reading by about 12%. Set your VSI calibration to 112% to cancel out the error.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 59
4.5.4 Volts Setup
EFIS VOLTS DISPLAY:
This enables or disables the volts display on the EFIS and MFD displays.
VOLTS DISPLAY MAX:
Select the maximum value that you want the volts bargraph in the EMS display to show. This can give you increased
display resolution.
VOLTS DISPLAY MIN:
Select the minimum value that you want the volts bargraph in the EMS display to show. This can give you increased
display resolution.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the volts high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the voltage threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any voltage above this value will activate the
alarm.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the voltage for the high caution. This is the lower value of the upper yellow band.
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the voltage for the low caution. This is the upper value of the lower yellow band.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the volts low alarm.
LOW ALARM:
Enter the voltage threshold for when the low alarm must be activated. Any voltage below this value will activate the alarm.
VOLTS CALIBRATION FACTOR:
During the factory calibration a factor has been determined and entered here that will give you an accurate volts reading.
If you would like to adjust this value then measure the supply voltage with a multimeter and adjust the calibration factor
until the Xtreme matches that of the multimeter.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 60
4.5.5 OAT Setup
EFIS OAT DISPLAY:
This enables or disables the OAT display on the EFIS and MFD displays.
OAT DISPLAY MAX:
Select the maximum temperature that you want the OAT bargraph in the EMS display to show. This can give you
increased display resolution.
OAT DISPLAY MIN:
Select the minimum temperature that you want the OAT bargraph in the EMS display to show. This can give you
increased display resolution.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the OAT high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the temperature threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any temperature above this value will activate
the alarm.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the temperature for the high caution. This is the lower value of the upper yellow band.
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the temperature for the low caution. This is the upper value of the lower yellow band.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the OAT low alarm.
LOW ALARM:
Enter the temperature threshold for when the low alarm must be activated. Any temperature below this value will activate
the alarm.
OAT TEMPERATURE UNIT:
Select whether you want the OAT to be displayed in degrees Celsius (ºC) or in degrees Fahrenheit (ºF).
OAT CALIBRATION FACTOR:
During the factory calibration a factor has been determined and entered here that will give you an accurate OAT reading.
If you find this value is incorrect then adjust the calibration factor until the XTremes OAT matches that of a precision
thermometer. Calibration can only be done in Celcius (ºC).
XTreme Operating Manual
4.6 EMS Setup
Page 61
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 62
4.6.1 RPM Setup
RPM DISPLAY:
Select if you want the RPM to be displayed in “RPM” or “PERCENT” .If you do not want any RPM information then set this
parameter to "OFF". If the rotor RPM is set to "RPM" or "PERECENT" then the engine RPM display will automatically be
enabled.
RPM 100% DISPLAY:
Select the maximum value that you want the RPM to correlate to 100%.
RPM DISPLAY MAX:
Select the maximum RPM that you want the RPM dial to show. This can give you increased display resolution.
RPM DISPLAY MIN:
Select the minimum RPM that you want the RPM dial to show. This can give you increased display resolution.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the RPM high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the RPM threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any RPM value above this value will activate the
alarm.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the RPM value for the high caution. This is the lower value of the upper yellow band.
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the RPM value for the low caution. This is the upper value of the lower yellow band.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the RPM low alarm.
LOW ALARM:
Enter the RPM threshold for when the low alarm must be activated. Any RPM value below this value will activate the
alarm.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 63
PULSES/REV:
Enter the number of pulses per RPM. For engines with an uneven number of cylinders like three cylinder four stroke
engines you can enter values containing fractions (usually 1.5 in this example). Most four stroke engines would generate
one pulse for every two revolutions per cylinder. A four cylinder automotive four stroke engine would thus generate 2
pulses per revolution. A typical Rotax DCDI two stroke engine would generate 6 pulses per revolution. The well known
Rotax 912/914 engine generates one pulse per revolution.
RPM RESOLUTION:
Select the step size between successive RPM values eg. if the RPM value is 4003 RPM and the “RPM RESOLUTION” is
5 then the actual value shown is 4005 RPM.
4.6.2 Rotor Setup
ROTOR DISPLAY:
Select if you want the rotor RPM to be displayed in “RPM” or “PERCENT” .If you do not want any rotor RPM information
then set this parameter to off. If the rotor RPM is set to "RPM" or "PERECENT" then the engine RPM display will
automatically be enabled.
ROTOR 100% DISPLAY:
Select the maximum value that you want the rotor RPM to correlate to 100%.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the Rotor RPM high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the Rotor RPM threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any Rotor RPM value above this value will
activate the alarm.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the Rotor RPM value for the high caution. This is the lower value of the upper yellow band.
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the Rotor RPM value for the low caution. This is the upper value of the lower yellow band.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the Rotor low alarm.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 64
LOW ALARM:
Enter the Rotor RPM threshold for when the low alarm must be activated. Any Rotor RPM value below this value will
activate the alarm.
PULSES/REV:
Enter the number of pulses per rotor RPM.
ROTOR RESOLUTION:
Select the step size between successive Rotor RPM values eg. if the Rotor RPM value is 403 RPM and the “ROTOR
RESOLUTION” is 5 then the actual value shown is 405 RPM.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 65
4.6.3 EGT/CHT Setup
EGT/CHT CHANNELS:
Select the number of EGT or CHT channels you want to use. Choices are from 1 to 12. The temperature display will
configure itself to make best possible use of the available display size. Please note that the minimum number of EGT &
CHT channels that can be displayed is 1 and the maximum number of EGT and CHT channels that can be displayed is
12.
EGT/CHT DISPLAY MAX:
Select the maximum temperature that you want the EGT/CHT bargraph to show. This can give you increased display
resolution.
EGT/CHT DISPLAY MIN:
Select the minimum temperature that you want the EGT/CHT bargraph to show. This can give you increased display
resolution.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the EGT/CHT high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the temperature threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any temperature above this value will activate
the alarm.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the temperature value for the high caution.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 66
PROBE:
Select if you are using a K-type, J-type or E-type thermocouple probe for the EGT/CHT group. All probes supplied by
MGL Avionics are K-Type. J-types are sometimes used with American made CHT probes. All EGT probes are K-type. Etype probes are seldom used.
TEMPERATURE UNIT:
Select whether you want the EGT/CHT temperature to be displayed in degrees Celsius (ºC) or degrees Fahrenheit (ºF).
MODE:
A selection between “HIGHEST” or “SCANNING” can be selected. If “HIGHEST“ is selected then the current highest
thermocouple temperature is displayed. If “SCANNING” is selected then the unit will cycle through each thermocouple at
the time specified in “SCAN TIME”.
SCAN TIME:
Specify the time that each of the channels must be displayed for. This menu option is only shown if “SCANNING” is
selected for the display mode.
4.6.3.1 Special Rotax 912/914 probe mode
In this mode the RDAC AUX 3 and AUX 4 analog input channels become the Rotax CHT channel 1 and CHT channel 2
respectively. All CHT setups must still be done under the “CHT SETUP” menu. The sender selection for the “AUX 3” and
“AUX 4” must be set for “OFF”. A probe type of “NTC” must be selected for the probe setting in the “CHT SETUP” menu.
The reason for using the NTC inputs is that the sensors Rotax use are standard NTC temperature probes and not of a
thermocouple type.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 67
4.6.4 Fuel Setup
UNIT:
Select your desired units for distance and fuel quantity. The following options are available:
L/sm: Liters and statute miles
G/sm: U.S. Gallons and statute miles
L/nm: Liters and nautical miles
G/nm: U.S. Gallons and nautical miles
L/km: Liters and kilometer
G/km: U.S. Gallons and kilometers
SPEED:
Select which speed will be used for fuel range/endurance based calulations. You can select beteween "AIRSPEED-TAS"
or "GPS-GROUND SPEED". If a 2D or 3D GPS is not obtained and "GPS-GROUND SPEED" is selected then the
XTreme will default to use TAS for the fuel range/endurance calculations.
FLOW 1/2:
This enables or disables the Flow 1/2 display on the EFIS and MFD displays.
KFACTOR 1/2:
The K-Factor is the number of pulses generated by the fuel flow sender for one liter of fuel. The dual range fuel flow
sender supplied by MGL Avionics has a K-Factor of 7000 in the low flow mode (jet installed) and 1330 for the high flow
mode (no jet installed). The Flowscan 201A-6 has a K-Factor of 8454. You can use the K-Factor to calibrate your fuel flow
sender. See the RDAC manual for more details on how to calibrate and install the fuel flow sender.
MODE:
Select if you want to measure fuel flow using a fuel flow sender or by using fuel injectors.
FLOW MODE:
If both fuel flow senders are selected then select if they are operating on individual fuel tanks (dual) or if they are
operating in a supply/return type fuel system (differential).
TANK 1/2 SETUP:
Select this menu item to setup the fuel level for fuel tank 1/2. See below for more details.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 68
Fuel level setup. (Only tank 1 setup is shown, follow the same steps for tank 2 setup)
TANK 1/2:
Select if the fuel tank has a physical fuel level sender connected to it or if the Xtreme must use a calculation based virtual
fuel tank. If you do not want any fuel level information then set this parameter to off.
TANK SIZE:
Enter the size of the fuel tank in your system. It is recommended to choose a size that is slightly less than the actual size
so you can compensate for sender inaccuracies and give you a measure of reserve fuel.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the fuel level low alarm.
LOW ALARM:
Enter your desired minimum fuel value that you would like to trigger the fuel low alarm.
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the fuel level value for the low fuel caution.
CALIBRATE TANK:
The fuel level sender needs to be calibrated before it can be used with this system. The calibration allows the system to
learn the shape of your tank as well as any errors your fuel level sender or installation has.
Regardless of your use of a fuel flow sender, you can install a fuel level sender into your fuel tank. These level senders
are inexpensive and are available as after market replacement fittings from a car spares outlet. We recommend the
senders available from VDO.
Be aware that some makes of cheap level senders can prove troublesome, as the lever arms tend to be sticky. This
prevents the floats from floating on the surface of the fuel at all times. As a consequence, this will lead to incorrect fuel
level indication.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 69
Adjusting calibration points automatically
Select “SENDER” for the “MODE” menu item. Once you have installed a fuel level sender into your tank, make sure the
float can travel all the way from empty to full position without hindrance of any kind. The calibration procedure should be
carried out with your aircraft in flight attitude. This means you need to lift the tail if you have a tail-dragger or lift the nose
wheel if you have a weightshift trike.
Calibration procedure
•
•
Start the calibration procedure with an empty tank.
Add five liters of fuel (our reserve quantity) using a suitable measure. Make sure the measure is suitably
accurate. This is now the “level sender reading at 0 Lt” position. Move the highlight to this position and wait until
the sender reading has stabilized (You will see the sender reading at the top line). This could take up to a minute
so have patience.
ENSURE THAT THE FLOAT IS NOT SUBMERGED AND IS FLOATING ON TOP OF THE FUEL LEVEL.
Should this number not react to changes of your level sender position, then you have a problem. Please check
your wiring according to the installation section of this manual. You should expect the number to change in the
region of at least 20 to 60 counts per calibration position. If the number does not change with fuel level or only
changes a very small amount – check your installation. Something is not right!
• If you see the number changing then everything is well. Once it has stabilized and the highlight is on the 0 L
position, press the rotary control to transfer the reading from the sender to the calibration point.
• Now you are ready for the next step. Add the required amount of fuel to get to the next level (In our case 9 Lt –
this is 20% tank capacity). Once done, wait for the reading to stabilize and press the rotary control again after you
have moved the highlight to the “9 L” position.
• Proceed in a similar manner until you have reached the last calibration position at 100% tank capacity.
You are done!
To finish your calibration, exit the calibration function by moving the highlight over the “- - -PREVIOUS MENU - -” menu item and press the rotary control.
The instrument uses the 6 calibration points to work out a correction curve that takes into account the tolerances of your
fuel level sender and the shape of your fuel tank. This results in an incredibly accurate and usable fuel level display that
far exceeds that available from ordinary dial type gauges.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 70
Adjusting calibration points manually
You may want to set individual calibration points manually. For example you may find that your fuel level is over
reading at a specific fuel level. Correcting the tank level reading for this area can be simply done by adjusting the
calibration point. You can do this by moving the float level with your hands to the desired position and then performing the
calibration as outlined above, or you can use the manual option.
Select “MANUAL” for the “MODE” menu item. Then highlight the point you want to change manually and press the rotary
control. Use the rotary control to adjust the value. Press the rotary control when done.
Note: The calibration positions may be edited by using the rotary control. This allows you, in theory, to copy calibration
settings from one instrument to another. We however recommend that you do go though the calibration procedure even if
the two aircraft are identical in all respects. Tolerances do exist and the calibration cancels these out. Accurate fuel level
displays are a vital safety factor for an aircraft and a very useful feature for peace of mind during cross county flights.
Notes on Slope error
Sender value is a value determined by the XTreme. It
is used to calculate fuel level, fuel endurance
estimate and current range estimate. The fuel tank
setup sender value can either increase in value as
fuel is added or decrease in value if fuel is added.
This is dependent on the type of fuel level sender
used. However should the second reading be larger
than the first reading all readings will have to be
larger than the previous readings. Likewise should
the second reading be smaller than the first reading
all readings will have to be smaller than the
previous reading.
If this is not the case the wording "SLOPE ERROR" will be displayed. This could happen when fuel was removed instead
of added between steps, no fuel was added between steps or when the fuel level sender was moved in the wrong
direction e.g. moving the fuel level sender manually when it is not inserted in to the fuel tank. Determine the cause of the
error if you should get a slope error message. If you do not know the cause of your error it is best to start from scratch. It
should be remembered that accuracy in the fuel tank calibration is extremely important to enable your XTreme to display
the correct data.
TANK FILTER:
Select the damping factor for the fuel level. A selection of "NONE", "LOW", "MED" or "HIGH" can be made.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 71
4.6.5 Manifold Setup
MAP DISPLAY:
This enables or disables the manifold pressure display on the EMS displays screens
MAP UNIT:
Select if you want the manifold pressure displayed in mB (millibars) or “Hg (inches of mercury).
MAP DISPLAY MAX:
Select the maximum pressure that you want the manifold bargraph in the EMS displays to show. This can give you
increased display resolution.
MAP DISPLAY MIN:
Select the minimum pressure that you want the manifold bargraph in the EMS display to show. This can give you
increased display resolution.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the manifold pressure high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the pressure threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any pressure above this value will activate the
alarm.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the pressure value for the high caution. This is the lower value of the upper yellow band.
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the pressure value for the low caution. This is the upper value of the lower yellow band.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the manifold pressure low alarm.
LOW ALARM:
Enter the pressure threshold for when the low alarm must be activated. Any pressure below this value will activate the
alarm.
FILTER:
This function can be used to select the signal filter time constant. Selections are "NONE", “FAST” or “SLOW”. This
selection influences the rate at which your manifold pressure can change its reading.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 72
MAP CALIBRATION FACTOR:
The sender in the RDAC is shipped uncalibrated. To calibrate the manifold pressure, compare and adjust the calibration
factor until the manifold reading is the same as the pressure value in brackets. The pressure value in brackets is the
barometer reading built into the Xtreme. The manifold pressure can only be calibrated in mB.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 73
4.6.6 Oil Temperature Setup
OIL TEMPERATURE DISPLAY:
This enables or disables the oil temperature display on the EMS displays screens
SENDER:
Select what type of sender you are using. Select “VDO” for a VDO resistive sender, “WESTACH” for Westach thermistor
type senders, “MGL” for a MGL NTC resistive temperature sender, “LM335” for a MGL precision temperature sender or
“USER” for a custom sender. The XTreme has a built in linearization curve for a standard 50ºC to 150ºC VDO resistive
sender, Westach senders and the MGL NTC resistive sender.
If the sender type is set to “USER"
CALIBRATE SENDER:
If the sender type is set to “USER”, then use this menu option to calibrate your temperature sender. See section 4.4.9 for
more information.
If the sender type is set to “LM335"
LM335:
If the sender type is set to LM335, then use this menu option to calibrate your LM335 precision temperature sender. If
recalibration is required then adjust the value using the rotary control until the temperature matches the reference ambient
temperature. Please note that the LM335 can only be calibrated in degrees Celsius irrespective if the XTreme is setup to
display temperature in Fahrenheit.
Menu options for all sender types
TEMPERATURE UNIT:
Select whether you want the temperature to be displayed in degrees Celsius (ºC) or in degrees Fahrenheit (ºF).
DISPLAY MAX:
Select the maximum temperature that you want the oil temperature bargraph to show. This can give you increased
display resolution.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 74
DISPLAY MIN:
Select the minimum temperature that you want the oil temperature bargraph to show. This can give you increased display
resolution.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the oil temperature low alarm.
LOW ALARM:
Enter the temperature threshold for when the low alarm must be activated. Any temperature below this value will activate
the alarm.
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the temperature value for the low caution. This is the upper value of the lower yellow band.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the temperature value for the high caution. This is the lower value of the upper yellow band.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the temperature high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the temperature threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any temperature above this value will activate
the alarm.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 75
4.6.7 Oil Pressure Setup
OIL PRESSURE DISPLAY:
This enables or disables the oil pressure display on the EMS displays screens
TYPE:
Select if you are using a resistive, 4-20mA or 0-5V output pressure sender.
If the “RESISTIVE” pressure sender is selected
SENDER:
Select what type of resistive pressure sender you are using. Select “VDO” for VDO / resistive senders, “USER” for a
custom sender.
MODEL:
Select which VDO pressure sender you are using. A selection between a VDO 2, 5 or 10 Bar can be selected.
If the “0-5V” pressure sender is selected
SENDER:
Select the type of 0-5V sender used. Select “UMA” for UMA senders of “USER” for a custom 0-5V sender.
MODEL:
For UMA senders select the UMA model number.
If the “4-20mA” pressure sender is selected
SENDER:
Select the type of 4-20mA sender used. Select “ROTAX” for Rotax 912/914 4-20mA sender or “USER” for a custom 420mA sender.
PRESSURE @ 4mA:
Enter the pressure specified at 4mA output.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 76
PRESSURE @ 20mA:
Enter the pressure specified at 20mA output.
If the “USER" pressure sender is selected
CALIBRATE SENDER:
If the sender type is set to “USER”, then use this menu option to calibrate your pressure sender. See section 4.4.9 for
more information.
Menu options for all sender types
PRESSURE UNIT:
Select whether you want to display the pressure in Bar, PSI or PSI(0.1). The PSI(0.1) is for low range pressure senders
e.g. UMA 7PSI.
DISPLAY MAX:
Select the maximum pressure that you want the oil pressure bargraph to show. This can give you increased display
resolution.
DISPLAY MIN:
Select the minimum pressure that you want the oil pressure bargraph to . This can give you increased display resolution.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the pressure low alarm.
LOW ALARM:
Enter the pressure threshold for when the low alarm must be activated. Any pressure below this value will activate the
alarm.
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the pressure value for the low caution. This is the upper value of the lower yellow band.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the pressure value for the high caution. This is the lower value of the upper yellow band.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the manifold pressure high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the pressure threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any pressure above this value will activate the
alarm.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 77
4.6.8 Auxiliary analog 3/4 Setup
The analog AUX3/4 channel on the RDAC is a general purpose channel that can be used for pressure as well as for
temperature senders.
FUNCTION:
Select the function for the analog channel. Options are “PRESSURE”, “TEMPERATURE”, “CURRENT” or “OFF”.
If the “PRESSURE” function is selected:
TYPE:
Select if you are using a resistive, 4-20mA or 0-5V output pressure sender.
If the “RESISTIVE” pressure sender is selected
SENDER:
Select what type of resistive pressure sender you are using. Select “VDO” for VDO / resistive senders, “USER” for a
custom sender.
MODEL:
Select which VDO pressure sender you are using. A selection between a VDO 2, 5 or 10 Bar can be selected.
If the “0-5V” pressure sender is selected
SENDER:
Select the type of 0-5V sender used. Select “UMA” for UMA senders of “USER” for a custom 0-5V sender.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 78
MODEL:
For UMA senders select the UMA model number.
If the “0-20mA” pressure sender is selected
SENDER:
Select the type of 4-20mA sender used. Select “ROTAX” for Rotax 912/914 4-20mA sender or “USER” for a custom 420mA sender.
PRESSURE @ 4mA:
Enter the pressure specified at 4mA output.
PRESSURE @ 20mA:
Enter the pressure specified at 20mA output.
If the “USER" pressure sender is selected
SENDER:
Select the type of 4-20mA sender used. Select “ROTAX” for Rotax 912/914 4-20mA sender or “USER” for a custom 420mA sender.
CALIBRATE SENDER:
If the sender type is set to “USER”, then use this menu option to calibrate your pressure sender. See section 4.4.9 for
more information.
Menu options for all sender types
LABEL:
Choose one of a selection of labels to suit your pressure input so you can identify it easily.
PRESSURE UNIT:
Select whether you want to display the pressure in Bar, PSI or PSI(0.1). The PSI(0.1) is for low range pressure senders
e.g. UMA 7PSI.
DISPLAY MAX:
Select the maximum pressure that you want the bargraph to show. This can give you increased display resolution.
DISPLAY MIN:
Select the minimum pressure that you want the bargraph to show. This can give you increased display resolution.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the pressure low alarm.
LOW ALARM:
Enter the pressure threshold for when the low alarm must be activated. Any pressure below this value will activate the
alarm.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 79
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the pressure value for the low caution. This is the upper value of the lower yellow band.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the pressure value for the high caution. This is the lower value of the upper yellow band.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the manifold pressure high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the pressure threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any pressure above this value will activate the
alarm.
If the “TEMPERATURE” function is selected:
SENDER:
Select what type of sender you are using. Select “VDO” for a VDO resistive sender, “WESTACH” for Westach thermistor
type senders, “MGL” for a MGL NTC resistive temperature sender, “LM335” for a MGL precision temperature sender or
“USER” for a custom sender. The XTreme has a built in linearization curve for a standard 50ºC to 150ºC VDO resistive
sender, Westach senders and the MGL NTC resistive sender.
If the sender type is set to “USER"
CALIBRATE SENDER:
If the sender type is set to “USER”, then use this menu option to calibrate your pressure sender. See section 4.4.9 for
more information.
If the sender type is set to “LM335"
LM335:
If the sender type is set to LM335, then use this menu option to calibrate your LM335 precision temperature sender. If
recalibration is required then adjust the value using the rotary control until the temperature matches the reference ambient
temperature. Please note that the LM335 can only be calibrated in degrees Celsius irrespective if the XTreme is setup to
display temperature in Fahrenheit.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 80
Menu options for all sender types
LABEL:
Choose one of a selection of labels to suit your temperature input so you can identify it easily.
TEMPERATURE UNIT:
Select whether you want the temperature to be displayed in degrees Celcius (ºC) or in degrees Fahrenheit (ºF).
DISPLAY MAX:
Select the maximum temperature that you want the bargraph to show. This can give you increased display resolution.
DISPLAY MIN:
Select the minimum temperature that you want the bargraph to show. This can give you increased display resolution.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the temperature low alarm.
LOW ALARM:
Enter the temperature threshold for when the low alarm must be activated. Any temperature below this value will activate
the alarm.
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the temperature value for the low caution. This is the upper value of the lower yellow band.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the temperature value for the high caution. This is the lower value of the upper yellow band.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the temperature high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the temperature threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any temperature above this value will activate
the alarm.
4.6.9 Calibrating the user defined pressure and Temperature Senders
1. Enter the number of points that you want to
calibrate.
2. Enter the display reading that you want to
show when the sender is at that actual display
reading.
3. Enter the ADC (analog to digital converter)
reading that corresponds to this display reading.
The ADC reading is shown at the bottom of the
display if you are applying the actual
stimulus from the temperature or pressure
sender. You can also manually enter this value
if the ADC value is known or pre-calculated.
4. Continue entering display and ADC values
until all the points have been entered.
5. Verify the above calibration by checking the
temperature/pressure display versus the actual
applied sender stimulus.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 81
If the “CURRENT” function is selected:
DISPLAY MAX:
Select the maximum current that you want the bargraph to show. This can give you increased display resolution.
DISPLAY MIN:
Select the minimum current that you want the bargraph to show. This can give you increased display resolution.
LOW ALARM:
This enables or disables the current low alarm.
LOW ALARM:
Enter the current threshold for when the low alarm must be activated. Any current below this value will activate the alarm.
LOW CAUTION:
Enter the current value for the low caution. This is the upper value of the lower yellow band.
HIGH CAUTION:
Enter the current value for the high caution. This is the lower value of the upper yellow band.
HIGH ALARM:
This enables or disables the current high alarm.
HIGH ALARM:
Enter the current threshold for when the high alarm must be activated. Any current above this value will activate the
alarm.
ZERO CURRENT SENSOR:
Select this function to indicate to the XTreme that zero current is flowing through the MGL current monitor. This is best
done with the MGL current monitor disconnected from the main current suppling conductor.
CURRENT SPAN CALIBRATION:
Enter the maximum value that your MGL current monitor can measure. This will depend on the distance and the method
that is used to attach the MGL current monitor to the main current suppling conductor. It will be best if a multimeter can be
inserted in series with the current supplying conductor and the span calibration adjusted until the XTreme matches that of
the multimeter. Please see the MGL current monitor document for more information.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 82
4.7 Compass Setup
COMPASS DISPLAY:
Select "MAGNETIC SENSOR" if you have a MGL Avionics SP2 or SP6 compass sensor attached to the Xtreme.
Select "GPS TRACK" if you want the compass displays to indicate GPS track (The compass display color will change to
the color Magenta.)
COMPASS TAPE:
Select the desired compass display mode. A selection from "MIXED", "CARDINAL" or "NUMERIC" can be selected.
"MIXED" shows headings as number in degrees except for the
four major cardinal points which are shown as N,S, E and W.
“CARDINAL” shows headings as major and minor cardinal
points: N, NNE, ENE, E, ESE, SSE, S, SSW, WSW, W,
WNW, and NNW.
“NUMERIC” shows headings as numbers in degrees.
TILT COMPENSATION MODE:
Select the mode you would like your compass to operate under:
2D: This mode selects a two axis compass system. This has no tilt compensation.
3D A: This mode selects a three axis compass system. Tilt compensation by means of gravity vectoring via
accelerometers.
3D G: This mode selects a three axis compass system. Tilt compensation by means of information supplied by an
artificial horizon (MGL Avionics SP4/SP5).
Mode
Advantages
2D
Most accurate as long as the compass remains level.
Not affected by turns or acceleration provided
compass remains level during turns.
3D-A
Self-contained tilt compensated compass. Will
compensate for most tilt errors up to 60 degrees of tilt.
3D-G
Can provide for accurate heading even during turns as
tilt compensation is based on gyro derived horizon.
Disadvantages
Large heading errors when compass is tilted.
The magnitude of these errors is dependent
on the heading, type of tilt (pitch and/or bank)
as well as location on Earth.
Cannot correctly compensate for tilt during
any form of turn due to centrifugal forces
acting on the accelerometers.
Can show very large errors if the horizon
information is invalid which could have a
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 83
number of causes such as exceeding
operational limitations of the horizon system.
START DEVIATION CALIBRATION:
When you install your compass sensor package, it may be surrounded by several items or materials that in some way
change the strength and/or direction of the earth magnetic field that your sensors are measuring. If left unattended, this
may contribute to considerable errors in the heading as indicated by your instrument.
Due to the magnetic sensor not being based on a magnetic item (such as a magnetic needle) as in a normal compass,
the effect of deviation is lessened a little. This is because the needle in a magnetic compass will be attracted by iron, even
if the offending iron has no effect on the magnetic field (i.e. does not change the field direction or strength in a
hypothetical case).
Deviation needs to be corrected if you intend using the compass for navigational purposes. The procedure for this is
traditionally called a “compass swing”. Often, two small magnets are placed close to the compass in an effort to correct
some of the larger errors. Smaller, remaining errors are then noted on a “deviation chart” and this is placed next to the
compass for future reference.
With the SP-2, a very simple method can be used to correct for most of the deviation that may be present in your aircraft
or vehicle. However, before you start, ensure that the sensor package is installed as far away as possible from any of the
following:
•
•
•
Ferro magnetic materials such as iron, many steels and soft magnetic materials such as ferrites. Any magnets
must be located as far away as possible from the sensor package. This includes electromagnets as used in
solenoids, electrical motors and relays.
Cables containing large electrical currents. DC currents will cause magnetic fields around the cables which will
lead to deviation. AC currents cause fluctuating magnetic fields that may reduce your compass resolution.
Be aware that some lower grades of stainless steel may be ferro magnetic.
If in any doubt, use a small magnet to test any metals surrounding the sensor package. We recommend mounting the
sensor package using glued on strips of velcro material. This allows for easy alignment of the sensor package horizontal
to the earth’s magnetic field.
Never perform the deviation compensation procedure or a compass swing if your aircraft is placed on a reinforced
concrete apron or tarmac. The steel that may have been used to reinforce may have a very significant effect on the
strength and direction of the magnetic field at your location.
Place your aircraft in flight attitude. For example, if
you own a tail-dragger, raise the tail. Some tricycle
gear aircraft may need to raise the nose gear slightly.
The object is to place the sensor package as close to
horizontal attitude relative to the earth’s surface as
you possible.
Proceed as instructed and turn the aircraft through a
full 360 degrees at least once. Allow this procedure to
take some time, perhaps a minute. You can proceed
to turn your aircraft though two or more turns,
however you need to fully complete at least one full
turn.
Once you have completed your turn(s), select “DONE” to inform the instrument that you have finished. Your instrument
will at this point calculate the best possible fit of the sensor data to a 360 degree arc taking the relative strengths and
offsets of the magnetic field into account. This procedure can result in remarkably good overall performance of your
compass.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 84
Please note: After this procedure has been completed, you may have to verify the compass performance by performing a
normal compass swing. Should any deviation remain, you need to note this on a deviation card and place this card next to
the compass. This may be a legally required procedure in your country for your aircraft class. Please check your relevant
regulations. Deviation compensation and compass swing may need to be repeated from time to time as the magnetic
properties of metals in your aircraft may change over time.
CLEAR DEVIATION CALIBRATION:
Clears any previous deviation compensation and returns the instrument to factory calibration.
SET ALIGNMENT:
The purpose of this function is to cancel out the
remaining errors on the main cardinal headings
after a deviation compensation calibration has
been done.
Align your aircraft exactly on a North/South heading,
pointing North. Use another compass outside of the
aircraft to ensure that you are aligned exactly on the
North/South axis. Select the “SET NORTH” function.
Repeat the above calibration for the South, East and
West cardinal headings.
This function, if used properly can lessen any remaining deviation that may be present after you have performed the
prescribed compass swing. If you cannot find a successful setting using both methods, examine your installation location
more closely. Perhaps you have an interfering metal part nearby. You may need to choose a different location to mount
the compass sensor.
Note: In difficult circumstances it may not be possible to find a location for the sensor inside the fuselage of
your aircraft. This may be particularly true for aircraft based on tubular steel frames. In this case you need to
locate the compass sensor inside the wing (perhaps in a wing-tip).
HEADING MODE:
Select if you want all heading related data to indicate true or magnetic north.
LOCAL VARIATION:
Select “AUTO” to allow the XTreme to automatically calculate the local variation or “MANUAL” for manual local variation
input.
AUTO LOCAL VARIATION:
This item displays the calculated local magnetic variation. The XTreme will calculate the local variation every 10 minutes if
a valid 2D or 3D GPS fix is obtained.
MANUAL LOCAL VARIATION:
This item allows the pilot to manually enter his local variation.
Please note: The XTreme will only use the automatically calculated variation if a valid 2D or 3D
GPS fix is obtained otherwise it will use the manual local variation value. It is recommended to
enter the local magnetic variation in case of GPS loss..
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 85
4.8 Horizon Setup
SLIP/SKID BALL DISPLAY:
Select if you would like to enable the slip indicator to be shown underneath the horizon display. The slip indicator
operates in the same fashion as the well known “step on the ball” indicator in traditional cockpits.
SLIP/SKID ZERO:
This function allows you to set your slip indicator to exactly zero even if your aircraft tends to fly slightly wing down. The
procedure is to place the aircraft in a stable, straight and level attitude during calm flight conditions and then select this
function. To cancel the correction, place your sensor absolutely horizontal (use a spirit level) and select the function
again.
SLIP/SKID SENSITIVIITY:
Select if you want the slip/skid ball to have a high sensitivity or a low sensitivity setting
TURN RATE INDICATOR:
This enables or disables the turn rate indicator on the EFIS and MFD displays.
TURN RATE SOURCE:
Select whether you want the turn and bank indicator’s information source to be the bank angle or actual turning
information from the gyros (SP-X dependant).
BANK INDICATOR:
This enables or disables the bank indicator markings on the EFIS and MFD displays.
BANK INDICATOR TYPE:
Select whether the bank indicator
markings are "MOVING" or are "FIXED"
(default) The "FIXED" bank indicator
has an clear arrow which moves to stay
perpendicular with the horizon, the
"MOVING" bank indicator rotates the
scale around a stationary arrow.
PITCH MARKERS:
This enables or disables the pitch markers on the EFIS and MFD displays.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 86
GROUND COLOR:
Select the color of the ground in the EFIS display. A selection between "BROWN" (default) or "GREEN" can be made.
GPS FLIGHT PATH:
The GPS Flight path feature uses a method to calculate bank and pitch angles from information obtained from the internal
GPS receiver. This is no means a replacement for a real gyro based AHRS unit but is more intended as a informative /
simulated display of the horizon.
This feature is only available using the internal GPS receiver due to the high update rates required by the internal
calculations. The GPS Flight Path requires a 2D or 3D GPS fix. If a 2D GPS fix is obtained then the pitch angle uses the
VSI instead of the vertical vector in determining the pitch angle. The GPS Flight Path is engaged only when the airspeed
is greater then 20mph.
The GPS Flight Path can be used as a low cost artificial horizon display allowing the pilot to be able to have the look and
feel of a real EFIS display without the additional cost of a AHRS sensor unit.
The text “GPS FLIGHT PATH NO ATTITUDE” is displayed when the GPS Flight Path is enabled. This cannot be removed
from the display and reminds the pilot of the limitations thereof.
The GPS Flight Path is based on coordinated flight and it will display incorrect horizon information during unusual
uncoordinated flight maneuvers.
WARNING
This is no means a replacement for a real gyro based AHRS unit but is more intended as a
informative / simulated display of the horizon. This is strictly not to be used for IMC/IFR
flights. MGL Avionics or any of its distributors take no responsibility for the use of the GPS
Flight Path feature and it is the sole responsibility of the pilot in command to familiarize
themselves with the use and limitations of using such a technology.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 87
4.9 GPS Setup
POSITION FORMAT:
Select the display format of the GPS latitude and longitude.
EFIS CDI DISPLAY:
Select “ON” to enable the EFIS CDI display at the bottom of the EFIS displays.
CDI SCALE:
Use this function to adjust the CDI scale to either 1, 2, 5 or 10.
GPS:
Select “INTERNAL” if you want to use the internal GPS (default) or “EXTERNAL” if using an external GPS receiver.
If an external GPS is used then it must output the following NMEA sentences
• GGA - Global positioning system fix data
• RMC – Recommended minimum specific GNSS data
• GSA – GNSS DOP and active satellites
• GSV – GNSS satellites in view
NMEA stands for the National Marine Electronics Association. For more information please visit www.nmea.org.
Note: The GPS flight path will only work if the internal GPS receiver is used.
GPS BAUD RATE:
The baud rate defaults to “9600” baud if using the internal GPS otherwise set the baud rate to match the external GPS
receiver you are using.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 88
4.10 Timers Setup
HOBBS MINIMUM RPM:
Enter the RPM limit in which the Hobbs timer/Maintenance timer must start incrementing.
SET HOBBS TIME:
This function allows you to set the engine Hobbs
meter to any value. Typically, you would use this
function to set the Hobbs meter to the current
known engine time. Use the rotary control to
change the value. Press the rotary control to
accept and exit the menu option. If the Hobbs
code is set to another value beside zero, then the
pilot will be prompted to enter the Hobbs access
code before allowing him to change the Hobbs time.
This feature is useful for charted and flying school
planes.
CHANGE HOBBS CODE:
This menu option allows you to change the Hobbs access code. You will first be prompted to enter the current code
followed by entering in a new code followed by re-entering the new code. If the new code and the re-entered code is the
same, then the Hobbs access code will be changed. Default code is 0000.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 89
SET MAINTENANCE TIMER:
These timers allow you to keep track of engine
maintenance interval. Set the timer when you have
serviced your engine. A typical time might be 50
hours. This function allows you to set an engine
maintenance timer. This timer is set in engine hours
and it will count down to zero when the engine RPM
is greater then the “HOBBS MINIMUM RPM”. A
good use for this function is to set the hours until
your next spark plug change or engine inspection.
Use the rotary control to change the value.
SET AIRFRAME INSPECTION TIMER:
This timer operates similar to the engine
maintenance timer but is based on flight time. You
might use it to schedule thorough airframe checks at
intervals, perhaps every 25 or 50 hours.
UTC OFFSET:
Enter the UTC offset for your location. The UTC offset can be adjust in half an hour increments.
RTC SOURCE:
Select if you want the RTC UTC time to come from the GPS receiver or the internal RTC. Both real time clocks are
powered by an internal 3V lithium coin cell battery. The internal battery can be replaced by unscrewing the 5 screws
holding the back and front enclosures together as well as the 2 screws next to the D15 connector. Delicately slide out the
electronics and replace the battery. The battery is a CR2032 coin cell.
SET UTC DATE & TIME:
Use the rotary control to set the UTC date & time in
the internal RTC.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 90
4.11 Electrical System Setup
The electrical system setup menu option allows the pilot to select what electrical system/ECB (Electronic Circuit Breaker)
is attached to the XTreme EFIS. The XTreme supports the Vertical Power VP-X range of electrical systems/ECBs.
Please note that the XTreme has only 1x RS232 serial port that can only have one piece of equipment connected to it.
Equipment includes: serial altitude encoder, Electrical system (Vertical Power VP-X) and the CO Guardian carbon
monoxide detector.
SYSTEM:
Select “VERTICAL POWER VP-X” to display the electrical system screen.
FLAPS CONFIGURATION:
MOTOR POLARITY:
Motor polarity is either standard or inverted and controls the direction in which the trim motor runs.
TYPE:
Flaps can be either momentary or position-based. In momentary mode, the flaps motor runs when the flap
switch (up or down) is on and stops running when the flap switch is off. In position based mode, the flaps move
from position to position when the flap down switch is pressed. When the up switch is pressed in positionbased mode, the flap motor continues to run until the flaps are fully retracted.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 91
UP ENDPOINT, MIDPOINT 1, MIDPOINT2 AND DOWN ENDPOINT:
The trim position sensor range is 0 to 255. The limits are set numerically based on actual feedback from your sensor. The
limits can be used to set the maximum travel of the trim. For example, you may want to limit the down travel of the trim
and you can do so by configuring a value that is within the mechanical travel limits. The limits can be used to set the
maximum travel of the trim. For example, you may want to limit the down travel of the trim and you can do so by
configuring a value that is within the mechanical travel limits. If both flap midpoints are non-zero then they must be in the
correct order with regard to the up and down endpoints.
CIRCUIT BREAKER:
Circuit breaker value for flap circuit (amps).
MAX SPEED:
Maximum flap speed setting. The speed above which the flap down switch is disabled and the flap over speed alarm is
triggered.
OVERSPEED POSITION:
Flap over speed position setting. Used to specify maximum “down” position of the flaps for the max speed function.
END DURATION:
The flap endpoint duration setting controls how long the flap motor continues to run after reaching its end-point. Specified
in units of tenths of seconds.
CURRENT POSITION:
This displays the current position of the flap motor.
PITCH CONFICURATION:
MOTOR POLARITY:
Motor polarity is either standard or inverted and controls the direction in which the trim motor runs.
UP ENDPOINT, NEUTRAL ENDPOINT AND DOWN ENDPOINT:
The trim position sensor range is 0 to 255. The limits are set numerically based on actual feedback from your sensor. The
limits can be used to set the maximum travel of the trim. For example, you may want to limit the down travel of the trim
and you can do so by configuring a value that is within the mechanical travel limits. The limits can be used to set the
maximum travel of the trim. For example, you may want to limit the down travel of the trim and you can do so by
configuring a value that is within the mechanical travel limits.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 92
% POWER:
The variable speed trim setting allows the speed of the trim motor to be coupled to either indicated airspeed or ground
speed. If the speed is below the value specified in the Speed field, the trim motor runs at 100% speed. If the speed is
above this value, then the trim motor runs as the % power specified in the % Power field. Note that indicated airspeed is
the preferred data source and will be used if available and valid. If IAS is not available or is invalided then ground speed
will be used. If neither IAS nor ground speed is available or valid, then variable speed trim is automatically disabled by the
VP-X.
SPEED:
IAS/GS above which the power to the trim motor is reduce to the value specified in the Power field.
CURRENT POSITION:
This displays the current position of the pitch trim motor.
ROLL CONFIGURATION:
MOTOR POLARITY:
Motor polarity is either standard or inverted and controls the direction in which the trim motor runs.
LEFT ENDPOINT, NEUTRAL ENDPOINT AND RIGHT ENDPOINT:
The trim position sensor range is 0 to 255. The limits are set numerically based on actual feedback from your sensor. The
limits can be used to set the maximum travel of the trim. For example, you may want to limit the down travel of the trim
and you can do so by configuring a value that is within the mechanical travel limits. The limits can be used to set the
maximum travel of the trim. For example, you may want to limit the down travel of the trim and you can do so by
configuring a value that is within the mechanical travel limits.
CURRENT POSITION:
This displays the current position of the roll trim motor.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 93
4.12 CO Guardian Carbon Monoxide Setup
The CO Guardian Carbon Monoxide menu option allows the pilot to enable the CO Guardians Carbon Monoxide detector.
The XTreme will display the carbon monoxide value on the EFIS display as well as enable the carbon monoxide warning
alarm. Please see the relevant CO Guardian detector manuals for more information.
Please note that the XTreme has only 1x RS232 serial port that can only have one piece of equipment connected to it.
Equipment includes: serial altitude encoder, Electrical system (Vertical Power VP-X) and the CO Guardian carbon
monoxide detector.
CO GUARDIAN:
Selecting “ON” will enable the carbon monoxide value on the EFIS displays.
RESET CO GUARDIAN:
This will reset the CO Guardian Carbon Monoxide detector, perform a self test and then will re-enable the CO Guardian
Carbon Monoxide detector.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 94
4.13 Data Recording Setup
The XTreme has the ability to act as a black box recorder recording flight data directly onto an inserted SD card for later
playback and investigation using the MGL Avionics Enigma Black Box viewer program. See the Enigma Black box viewer
documents for further information. The Black box viewer can also convert the data into other file formats such as:
• KML: Keyhole Markup Language / Google Earth
• CSV: Comma-Separated Variable
• IGC: FAI Gliding commission
The XTreme automatically records the following flight data when the data recording is enabled:
• Data and Time
• Altitude
• Barometer
• Airspeed
• TAS
• VSI
• Glide/climb ratio
• Volts
• OAT
Other fields such as engine data, attitude, and GPS data are user selectable. The XTreme records all available data for
each selected category once per second WHEN A VALID FLIGHT IS DETECTED (AUTOMATIC OR MANUAL FLIGHT
DETECT MODE).
CREATE RECORDING FILE ON SD CARD:
Selecting this menu option will create a file on the SD card (If inserted and not write protected) called enigma.rec with a
fixed file size of 10MB. The reason behind the fixed file size of the recording file has to do with limited write cycles of the
SD card and the instability of the MS-DOS file system. With a fixed file size, the EFIS never has to write to either the
directory structure or FAT tables of the SD card eliminating wear of the card or possible data corruption. Once the
recording file has been filled, the recording continues at the start of the file again, overwriting the oldest data in the file.
The file size is large enough to record 5-20 hours of data depending on what data is recoded.
DATA RECORDING ON:
Selecting “ON” will enable the data recording functionality.
RECORD ENGINE DATA:
Select “ON” to include the engine data in the recoded flight data.
RECORD ATTITUDE DATA:
Select “ON” to include the attitude data in the recorded flight data.
XTreme Operating Manual
RECORD GPS DATA:
Select “ON” to include the GPS data in the recoded flight data.
4.13.1 Examples of the exported flight data using CSV format and the KML format
Page 95
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 96
4.14 Display Setup
The display setup menu option allows the pilot to select if certain display screens must be shown or not when toggling
through the displays using the left or right most soft keys.
EFIS DISPLAY:
Select “ON” to display the full screen EFIS screen.
EFIS/EMS DISPLAY:
Select “ON” to display the 2/3 screen EFIS screen and 1/3 engine monitoring screen.
EFIS/HSI DISPLAY:
Select “ON” to display the 2/3 screen EFIS screen and 1/3 HSI screen.
VFR DISPLAY:
Select “ON” to display the full screen VFR screen.
VFR/EMS DISPLAY:
Select “ON” to display the 2/3 screen VFR screen and 1/3 engine monitoring screen.
EMS DISPLAY:
Select “ON” to display the full screen engine monitoring screen.
GPS DISPLAY:
Select “ON” to display the GPS information screen.
INFO/CHECKLIST DISPLAY:
Select “ON” to display the Information/Checklist screen.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 97
4.15 Miscellaneous Setup
WIND SPEED/DIRECTION:
Select if you want the wind speed / direction displayed on the EFIS and MFD display screens.
The following variables must be available in order to calculate the wind speed/wind direction
-A valid 2D or 3D GPS fix
-Magnetic heading (Requires MGL Avionics SP2/SP6 magnetic compass)
-TAS
G-FORCE:
This enables or disables the G-Force display on the EFIS type display screens.
AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION:
Enter your aircraft registration. A maximum of 8
characters can be entered. The aircraft registration is
displayed on the start up (Splash) screen.
SAVE SETTINGS TO SD CARD:
Select this option to save all the XTreme settings to the SD card. This is useful when setting up the instrument on the PC
simulator and then later transferring the settings on the instrument itself. A file called “SETTINGS.XT” will be created in
the root directory of the SD card.
RECALL SETTINGS FROM SD CARD:
Select this option to recall all the XTreme settings from the SD card. This is useful when setting up the instrument on the
PC simulator and then later transferring the settings to the instrument itself. The settings will be loaded from a file called
“SETTINGS.XT” in the root directory of the SD card.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 98
4.16 ADC Values
These values are mainly used for debugging purposes. Contact the MGL factory or your local dealer for more information.
5 Startup (Splash) Screen
Creating your own Startup (Splash) Screen
You will need:
·A bitmap picture of your choice (*.BMP, 480x272 pixel resolution)
·The Enigma BMP to MIF converter tool (can be downloaded free of charge from http://www.mglavionics.co.za or can be
found on the XTreme SD card).
The Enigma BMP to MIF program is used to convert images in Windows BMP format to Enigma MIF format. You can use
this program to make your own startup screen (Splash screen) and graphic information display screens.The color depth is
limited to Enigmas 256 colors.
Run the Enigma BMP image to MIF format converter program.
Load an image file (and remember the location), select the resolution as width(480) and height (272) and press the
process button. The new MIF image will be located in the same directory as the source (BMP) file.
If the original file was not named Splash.BMP, rename the new *.MIF file to Splash.MIF, and copy the Splash.MIF file into
the root directory of your SD card.
The picture will be displayed when the unit is powered up.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 99
6 Loading factory default settings
Press and hold the left and right most soft keys simultaneously on power up to load default factory settings. The following
screen will be displayed:
7 Alarm condition
If an alarm condition occurs the following will happen:
•
•
•
The item causing the alarm condition will flash on the screen
An alarm warning message will be displayed on the screen
An external alarm switch will close
The alarm warning message and switch closure will remain until any button is pressed or until the condition(s) that
activated the alarm no longer exist.
The alarm output can be used to switch an external alarm indicator. The external alarm switch is an open collector
transistor switch to ground with a maximum rating of 0.5A DC. It is possible to wire the alarm contacts of several
Stratomaster instruments in parallel should this be desired.
To avoid false activation of the alarms, the alarm function is only active 10 seconds after the instrument has powered up.
8 Cleaning
The unit should not be cleaned with any abrasive substances. The screen is very sensitive to certain cleaning materials
and should only be cleaned using a clean, damp cloth.
Warning: The XTreme is not waterproof. Serious damage could occur if the unit is exposed to
water and/or spray jets.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 100
9 XTreme Specifications
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Humidity
Power Supply
Current Consumption
Display
Dimensions
ADC
Enclosure
Weight
Alarm contact current rating
Non-volatile memory storage
Warm up time
-10ºC to 50ºC (14ºF to 122ºF)
-20ºC to 80ºC (-4ºF to 176ºF)
<85% non-condensing
8 to 30Vdc SMPS (switch mode power supply) with built in 33V over voltage
and reverse voltage protection
Approx. 200mA @ 13.8V
4.3” 480x272 pixel, 600 nits active matrix TFT LCD (Sunlight Readable).
LED backlight is user adjustable.
see section 12 for dimensional drawings
16bit 100ksps
3 1/8” ABS, black in color, front mounting. See XTreme dimensional drawing
Approx. 530 grams (includes Xtreme, cable, GPS antenna & OAT sensor)
Open collector transistor switch to ground. Maximum rating 0.5A DC
100000 write cycles
10 minutes
Altimeter
Altimeter range
Altimeter resolution
Altitude measurement accuracy
Connection
-700ft to 30 000ft (-213m to 9144m)
1ft/1m
+/- 1mB, +/- 30ft at sea level
1/8” NPT female fitting
Airspeed
Airspeed range
Airspeed resolution
Measurement accuracy
Connection
16mph to 250mph
1 mph
+/-1% at 85mph nominal
1/8” NPT female fitting
Digital VSI scale
Digital VSI resolution
1000ft/min, 2000ft/min and 4000ft/min / 5m/s,10m/s and 20m/s
1ft/min / 0.1m/s
Range
Resolution
8 to 30V DC
0.1V
Channels
Correlators
Update rate
Time to First Fix (TTFF)
Antenna
Antenna connection
50
>1 000 000
4 Hz
<1 Second
External active antenna
SMA
VSI
Voltage
GPS
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 101
10 Installation
10.1 Altimeter Installation
Connect the static port to a suitable static air pressure line. If you have a slow aircraft or an aircraft where the internal
cabin pressure does not change during flight and is equivalent to the outside air pressure you may find that it is not
required to connect a static port.
For installations in typical ultralight aircraft pods, be aware of possible pressure changes inside the pod during flight
caused by ram air or suction effects. This may lead to a false indication of altitude and airspeed. Often these effects are
dependent on the current angle of attack of the airflow around your pod. You will need to install a suitable static port in
these cases.
Static ports are usually mounted at a strategic position on the rear side of the aircraft fuselage for faster, pressurized
aircraft. The Static port is terminated in a female 1/8” NPT fitting, you will be required to use a standard 1/8” NPT male
fitting.
10.2 Airspeed Installation
Connect your pitot tube to the “PITOT TUBE” port. Pitot tubes are found in a large variety at your aircraft parts shop, in
mail order catalogs or you can make your own. Contrary to popular belief, pitot tubes are not carefully designed and
calibrated, but are simple orifices or tubes that get pointed in the direction that you are flying. The forward movement of
the aircraft causes air to dam inside the pitot tube. This increases the pressure inside the tube.
Suitable pitot tubes can be made from a short piece of hollow aluminum or copper piping. Length and diameter are not
important. Ensure that the front of the pitot tube has a suitable chamfer if you use thick walled tubing or you may
introduce a speed reading error if you have a faster aircraft.
Example cross-section of thick walled pitot tube.
Suitable connection hose for both pitot tube and static port can be obtained from a hardware store or even a pet shop.
Good quality tubing is often used for fish tanks and it has just the right diameter. Please note that this kind of tubing is not
advised for pressurized aircraft. In this case you would need to obtain aircraft grade tubing of suitable diameter. The
XTreme allows you to calibrate the airspeed reading. The main reason for this is to be able to remove errors introduced
due to the airflow around your aircraft which may have an effect of your pitot tube pressure.
The pitot tube port is terminated in a female 1/8” NPT fitting, you will be required to use a standard 1/8” NPT male fitting.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 102
10.3 XTreme General Connection Diagram
The use of an external 1A fuse is recommended. Connect the supply terminals to your aircrafts power supply. The
XTreme can be used on both 12V and 24V without the use of any pre-regulators. Ensure that the supply voltage will not
drop below 8V during operation as this may result in incorrect readings.
Please see MGL Avionics SP2,SP4/SP5/SP6/SP7 and RDAC documentation for
installation and usage.
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 103
10.4 XTreme DB15 Cable connections
D15 Male
NC=Not Connected
DB 15 Pin
1
2
3,4,9,10
5
6
7
8
11
12
13
14
15
Color
Red
White
Black
NC
NC
NC
NC
Green
NC
NC
Blue
Purple
Function
8-30Vdc power
Alarm Output
Ground
RS232 Port 2 Transmit
RS232 Port 2 Receive
RS232 Port 1 Transmit
RS232 Port 1 Receive
OAT Probe
CAN High
CAN Low
RDAC Signal
Airtalk (SP2/SP4 connection)
The XTreme has a D15 Female connector. The connecting cable must have a D15 male connector attached to it.
11 Firmware upgrades
The XTreme's firmware can be upgraded in the field to the latest version via the SD card. This will keep your XTreme up
to date with bug fixes and new features.
The name of the firmware file must be called XTREME.FW and it must reside in the root directory of the SD card. When
the XTreme powers up it will first look at the SD card to see whether the file exists, if it does then it will prompt the user to
upgrade the firmware. Use the soft keys at the bottom to select whether to upgrade to the new firmware or to exit the
firmware upgrade feature. The XTreme also provides a soft key to delete the XTREME.FW file from the SD card to avoid
removing the SD card and deleting it with a PC.
If the file does not exist, then the firmware upgrade function is bypassed and the XTremes main program is executed.
Please check http://www.mglavionics.co.za/XTreme.html regularly for the latest firmware releases.
XTreme Operating Manual
12 XTreme dimensions
12.1 Front view
Page 104
XTreme Operating Manual
12.2 Side view
Page 105
XTreme Operating Manual
12.3 Top view
Page 106
XTreme Operating Manual
Page 107
13 Warranty
This product carries a warranty for a period of one year from date of purchase against faulty workmanship or defective
materials, provided there is no evidence that the unit has been mishandled or misused. Warranty is limited to the
replacement of faulty components and includes the cost of labor. Shipping costs are for the account of the purchaser.
Note: Product warranty excludes damages caused by unprotected, unsuitable or incorrectly wired
electrical supplies and or sensors, and damage caused by inductive loads.
14 Disclaimer
Operation of this instrument is the sole responsibility of the purchaser of the unit. The user must make themselves familiar
with the operation of this instrument and the effect of any possible failure or malfunction.
This instrument is not certified by the FAA. Fitting of this instrument to certified aircraft is subject to the rules and
conditions pertaining to such in your country. Please check with your local aviation authorities if in doubt. This instrument
is intended for ultralight, microlight, homebuilt and experimental aircraft. Operation of this instrument is the sole
responsibility of the pilot in command (PIC) of the aircraft. This person must be proficient and carry a valid and relevant
pilot’s license. This person has to make themselves familiar with the operation of this instrument and the effect of any
possible failure or malfunction. Under no circumstances does the manufacturer condone usage of this instrument for IFR
flights.
The manufacturer reserves the right to alter any specification without notice.
Download PDF
Similar pages