User Guide - Lenovo Forums

User Guide
ThinkPad T430s and T430si
Notes: Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read and understand the
following:
• Safety, Warranty, and Setup Guide
• Regulatory Notice
•
“Important safety information” on page vi
• Appendix D “Notices” on page 171
The Safety, Warranty, and Setup Guide and the Regulatory Notice have been uploaded to the Web site.
To refer to them, go to http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadUserGuides.
Fourth Edition (January 2014)
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014.
LIMITED AND RESTRICTED RIGHTS NOTICE: If data or software is delivered pursuant a General Services Administration
“GSA” contract, use, reproduction, or disclosure is subject to restrictions set forth in Contract No. GS-35F-05925.
Contents
Read this first . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Important safety information . . . . . . . . . . vi
Conditions that require immediate action . .
vii
Safety guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . .
vii
Chapter 1. Product overview . . . . . . 1
Locating computer controls, connectors, and
indicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Right-side view. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Left-side view . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bottom view . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locating important product information . . . . .
Machine type and model label . . . . . . .
FCC ID and IC Certification number label . .
Certificate of Authenticity label . . . . . .
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating environment . . . . . . . . . . .
Lenovo programs . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows
7 operating system . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows
8 operating system . . . . . . . . . . .
An introduction to Lenovo programs . . . .
Chapter 2. Using your computer . . .
Registering your computer . . . . . . . . .
Frequently asked questions . . . . . . . .
Special keys and buttons . . . . . . . . .
Function key combinations . . . . . . .
Volume and mute buttons . . . . . . .
Windows key . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the UltraNav pointing device. . . . . .
Using the TrackPoint pointing device . . .
Using the touch pad. . . . . . . . . .
Disabling the UltraNav pointing device and
using an external mouse . . . . . . . .
Adding the UltraNav icon to the system tray
Power management . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking battery status . . . . . . . .
Using the ac power adapter. . . . . . .
Charging the battery . . . . . . . . .
Maximizing battery life . . . . . . . . .
Managing your battery power . . . . . .
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Power-saving modes . . . . . . . . .
Handling the battery. . . . . . . . . .
Connecting to the network . . . . . . . . .
Ethernet connections . . . . . . . . .
Wireless connections . . . . . . . . .
Presentations and multimedia. . . . . . . .
Changing display settings . . . . . . .
Connecting a projector or external display .
Setting up a presentation. . . . . . . .
Using the Extend desktop function . . . .
Using the NVIDIA Optimus Graphics feature . .
Using audio features . . . . . . . . . . .
Using an integrated camera . . . . . . . .
Using the optical drive . . . . . . . . . .
Using an ExpressCard, a flash media card, or a
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Chapter 3. You and your computer . .
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Accessibility and comfort .
Ergonomic information.
Comfort . . . . . .
Accessibility information
Traveling with your computer
Travel tips . . . . . .
Travel accessories . .
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Chapter 4. Security . . . . . . . . . .
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Attaching a mechanical lock . . . . . . . . .
Using passwords. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passwords and sleep mode. . . . . . . .
Typing passwords . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-on password . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard disk passwords . . . . . . . . . .
Supervisor password . . . . . . . . . .
Hard disk security . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the security chip . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the fingerprint reader. . . . . . . . . .
Notice on deleting data from your hard disk drive
or solid state drive . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using and understanding firewalls . . . . . . .
Protecting data against viruses . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 5. Recovery overview . . . .
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Recovery overview for Windows 7 models . . .
Creating and using a recovery media . . .
Performing backup and recovery operations
Using the Rescue and Recovery workspace
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Creating and using a rescue medium . . . .
Reinstalling preinstalled programs and device
drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Solving recovery problems . . . . . . . .
Recovery overview for Windows 8 models . . . .
Recovery solutions for Windows 8 models . .
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Chapter 6. Replacing devices . . . . .
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Static electricity prevention . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the battery . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing a memory module . . . . . . . .
Replacing the hard disk drive or solid state drive
Replacing the keyboard . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless
LAN/WiMAX connection . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless
WAN connection . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Serial Ultrabay Slim device . . .
Replacing the SIM card . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the backup battery . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 7. Enhancing your
computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Finding ThinkPad options . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay . . . . . . .
Performing a hot swap operation. . . . . .
Performing a warm-swap operation. . . . .
Installing a secondary hard disk drive into the
Serial Ultrabay Slim bay . . . . . . . . .
ThinkPad docking stations and port replicators . .
Front view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attaching a ThinkPad port replicator or
docking station. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Detaching a ThinkPad port replicator or
docking station. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Security feature . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the system lock key . . . . . . . .
Chapter 8. Advanced
configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a new operating system . . . . . .
Before you begin . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Windows 7 operating system .
Installing the Windows 8 operating system .
Installing device drivers . . . . . . . . . .
ThinkPad Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main menu . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Config menu. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Date/Time menu . . . . . . . . . . .
Security menu . . . . . . . . . . . .
Startup menu . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Restart menu . . . . . . . .
Updating your system UEFI BIOS
Using system management. . . . .
System management . . . . .
Setting management features . .
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Chapter 9. Preventing problems . .
General tips for preventing problems . .
Making sure device drivers are current .
Taking care of your computer . . . . .
Cleaning the cover of your computer
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Chapter 10. Troubleshooting
computer problems . . . . . . . . .
Diagnosing problems . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . .
Computer stops responding . . .
Spills on the keyboard . . . . . .
Error messages . . . . . . . .
Errors without messages . . . . .
Beep errors . . . . . . . . . .
Memory problems . . . . . . .
Networking . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard and other pointing devices
Display and multimedia devices . .
Fingerprint reader problems. . . .
Battery and power . . . . . . .
Drives and other storage devices .
A software problems . . . . . .
Ports and connectors . . . . . .
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Chapter 11. Getting support . . . .
Before you contact Lenovo . .
Getting help and service . . .
Using diagnostic programs
Lenovo Support Web site.
Calling Lenovo . . . . .
Purchasing additional services
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Appendix A. Regulatory
information . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wireless related information . . . . . . . . .
Location of the UltraConnect wireless
antennas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locating wireless regulatory notices . . . .
Export classification notice . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic emissions notices . . . . . . . . .
Federal Communications Commission
Declaration of Conformity . . . . . . . .
Industry Canada Class B emission compliance
statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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European Union - Compliance to the
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive . .
German Class B compliance statement . .
Korea Class B compliance statement . . .
Japan VCCI Class B compliance statement .
Japan compliance statement for products
which connect to the power mains with
rated current less than or equal to 20 A per
phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lenovo product service information for
Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
When attaching an external monitor . . .
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Battery recycling information for the European
Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery recycling information for the United States
and Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Appendix C. ENERGY STAR model
information . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Appendix D. Notices. . . . . . . . .
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Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix B. WEEE and recycling
statements . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important WEEE information . . . . .
Japan recycling statements . . . . .
Recycling information for Brazil . . . .
Battery recycling information for Taiwan .
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Appendix E. Restriction of Hazardous
Substances Directive (RoHS) . . . . 173
China RoHS.
Turkish RoHS
Ukraine RoHS
India RoHS .
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iii
iv
User Guide
Read this first
Be sure to follow the important tips given here to get the most use and enjoyment out of your computer.
Failure to do so might lead to discomfort or injury, or cause your computer to fail.
Protect yourself from the heat that your computer generates.
When your computer is turned on or the battery is charging, the base, the palm
rest, and some other parts may become hot. The temperature they reach
depends on the amount of system activity and the level of charge in the battery.
Extended contact with your body, even through clothing, could cause
discomfort or even a skin burn.
• Avoid keeping your hands, your lap, or any other part of your body in
contact with a hot section of the computer for any extended time.
• Periodically take hands from using the keyboard by lifting your hands from
the palm rest.
Protect yourself from the heat generated by the ac power adapter.
When the ac power adapter is connected to an electrical outlet and your
computer, it generates heat.
Extended contact with your body, even through clothing, may cause a skin
burn.
• Do not place the ac power adapter in contact with any part of your body
while it is in use.
• Never use it to warm your body.
Prevent your computer from getting wet.
To avoid spills and the danger of electrical shock, keep liquids away from your
computer.
Protect the cables from being damaged.
Applying strong force to cables may damage or break them.
Route communication lines, or the cables of an ac power adapter, a mouse, a
keyboard, a printer, or any other electronic device, so that they cannot be walked
on, tripped over, pinched by your computer or other objects, or in any way
subjected to treatment that could interfere with the operation of your computer.
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
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Protect your computer and data when moving it.
Before moving a computer equipped with a hard disk drive, do one of the
following, and make sure that the power switch is off or is blinking:
• Turn it off.
• Put it in sleep mode.
• Put it in hibernation mode.
This will help to prevent damage to the computer, and possible loss of data.
Handle your computer gently.
Do not drop, bump, scratch, twist, hit, vibrate, push, or place heavy objects on
your computer, display, or external devices.
Carry your computer carefully.
• Use a quality carrying case that provides adequate cushioning and protection.
• Do not pack your computer in a tightly packed suitcase or bag.
• Before putting your computer in a carrying case, make sure that it is off, in sleep
mode, or in hibernation mode. Do not put a computer in a carrying case while it
is turned on.
Important safety information
Note: Read the important safety information first.
This information can help you safely use your notebook computer. Follow and retain all information included
with your computer. The information in this document does not alter the terms of your purchase agreement
or the Lenovo® Limited Warranty. For more information, see “Warranty Information” in the Safety, Warranty,
and Setup Guide that comes with your computer.
Customer safety is important. Our products are developed to be safe and effective. However, personal
computers are electronic devices. Power cords, power adapters, and other features can create potential
safety risks that can result in physical injury or property damage, especially if misused. To reduce these
risks, follow the instructions included with your product, observe all warnings on the product and in the
operating instructions, and review the information included in this document carefully. By carefully following
the information contained in this document and provided with your product, you can help protect yourself
from hazards and create a safer computer work environment.
Note: This information includes references to power adapters and batteries. In addition to notebook
computers, some products (such as speakers and monitors) ship with external power adapters. If you have
such a product, this information applies to your product. In addition, computer products contain a coin-sized
internal battery that provides power to the system clock even when the computer is unplugged, so the
battery safety information applies to all computer products.
vi
User Guide
Conditions that require immediate action
Products can become damaged due to misuse or neglect. Some product damage is serious enough
that the product should not be used again until it has been inspected and, if necessary, repaired by
an authorized servicer.
As with any electronic device, pay close attention to the product when it is turned on. On very rare
occasions, you might notice an odor or see a puff of smoke or sparks vent from your product. Or you
might hear sounds like popping, cracking or hissing. These conditions might merely mean that an
internal electronic component has failed in a safe and controlled manner. Or, they might indicate
a potential safety issue. However, do not take risks or attempt to diagnose the situation yourself.
Contact the Customer Support Center for further guidance. For a list of Service and Support phone
numbers, see the following Web site:
http://www.lenovo.com/support/phone
Frequently inspect your computer and its components for damage or wear or signs of danger.
If you have any question about the condition of a component, do not use the product. Contact
the Customer Support Center or the product manufacturer for instructions on how to inspect the
product and have it repaired, if necessary.
In the unlikely event that you notice any of the following conditions, or if you have any safety
concerns with your product, stop using the product and unplug it from the power source and
telecommunication lines until you can speak to the Customer Support Center for further guidance.
• Power cords, plugs, power adapters, extension cords, surge protectors, or power supplies that are
cracked, broken, or damaged.
• Signs of overheating, smoke, sparks, or fire.
• Damage to a battery (such as cracks, dents, or creases), discharge from a battery, or a buildup of foreign
substances on the battery.
• A cracking, hissing or popping sound, or strong odor that comes from the product.
• Signs that liquid has been spilled or an object has fallen onto the computer product, the power cord or
power adapter.
• The computer product, power cord, or power adapter has been exposed to water.
• The product has been dropped or damaged in any way.
• The product does not operate normally when you follow the operating instructions.
Note: If you notice these conditions with a product (such as an extension cord) that is not manufactured for
or by Lenovo, stop using that product until you can contact the product manufacturer for further instructions,
or until you get a suitable replacement.
Safety guidelines
Always observe the following precautions to reduce the risk of injury and property damage.
Service and upgrades
Do not attempt to service a product yourself unless instructed to do so by the Customer Support Center or
your documentation. Only use a Service Provider who is approved to repair your particular product.
Note: Some computer parts can be upgraded or replaced by the customer. Upgrades typically are
referred to as options. Replacement parts approved for customer installation are referred to as Customer
Replaceable Units, or CRUs. Lenovo provides documentation with instructions when it is appropriate for
customers to install options or replace CRUs. You must closely follow all instructions when installing or
replacing parts. The Off state of a power indicator does not necessarily mean that voltage levels inside a
product are zero. Before you remove the covers from a product equipped with a power cord, always make
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
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sure that the power is turned off and that the product is unplugged from any power source. If you have
any questions or concerns, contact the Customer Support Center.
Although there are no moving parts in your computer after the power cord has been disconnected, the
following warnings are required for your safety.
CAUTION:
Hazardous moving parts. Keep fingers and other body parts away.
CAUTION:
Before replacing any CRUs, turn off the computer and wait three to five minutes to let the computer
cool before opening the cover.
Power cords and power adapters
DANGER
Use only the power cords and power adapters supplied by the product manufacturer.
The power cords shall be safety approved. For Germany, it shall be H05VV-F, 3G, 0.75 mm2, or
better. For other countries, the suitable types shall be used accordingly.
Never wrap a power cord around a power adapter or other object. Doing so can stress the cord in
ways that can cause the cord to fray, crack, or crimp. This can present a safety hazard.
Always route power cords so that they will not be walked on, tripped over, or pinched by objects.
Protect power cords and power adapters from liquids. For instance, do not leave your power cord
or power adapter near sinks, tubs, toilets, or on floors that are cleaned with liquid cleansers.
Liquids can cause a short circuit, particularly if the power cord or power adapter has been stressed
by misuse. Liquids also can cause gradual corrosion of power cord terminals and/or the connector
terminals on a power adapter, which can eventually result in overheating.
Always connect power cords and signal cables in the correct order and ensure that all power cord
connectors are securely and completely plugged into receptacles.
Do not use any power adapter that shows corrosion at the ac input pins or shows signs of
overheating (such as deformed plastic) at the ac input pins or anywhere on the power adapter.
Do not use any power cords where the electrical contacts on either end show signs of corrosion or
overheating or where the power cord appears to have been damaged in any way.
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User Guide
To prevent possible overheating, do not cover the power adapter with clothing or other objects
when the power adapter is plugged into an electrical outlet.
Extension cords and related devices
Ensure that extension cords, surge protectors, uninterruptible power supplies, and power strips that you use
are rated to handle the electrical requirements of the product. Never overload these devices. If power strips
are used, the load should not exceed the power strip input rating. Consult an electrician for more information
if you have questions about power loads, power requirements, and input ratings.
Plugs and outlets
DANGER
If a receptacle (power outlet) that you intend to use with your computer equipment appears to be
damaged or corroded, do not use the outlet until it is replaced by a qualified electrician.
Do not bend or modify the plug. If the plug is damaged, contact the manufacturer to obtain
a replacement.
Do not share an electrical outlet with other home or commercial appliances that draw large amounts
of electricity; otherwise, unstable voltage might damage your computer, data, or attached devices.
Some products are equipped with a three-pronged plug. This plug fits only into a grounded
electrical outlet. This is a safety feature. Do not defeat this safety feature by trying to insert it into
a non-grounded outlet. If you cannot insert the plug into the outlet, contact an electrician for an
approved outlet adapter or to replace the outlet with one that enables this safety feature. Never
overload an electrical outlet. The overall system load should not exceed 80 percent of the branch
circuit rating. Consult an electrician for more information if you have questions about power loads
and branch circuit ratings.
Be sure that the power outlet you are using is properly wired, easily accessible, and located close
to the equipment. Do not fully extend power cords in a way that will stress the cords.
Be sure that the power outlet provides the correct voltage and current for the product you are
installing.
Carefully connect and disconnect the equipment from the electrical outlet.
Power supply statement
DANGER
Never remove the cover on a power supply or any part that has the following label attached.
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
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Hazardous voltage, current, and energy levels are present inside any component that has this label
attached. There are no serviceable parts inside these components. If you suspect a problem with
one of these parts, contact a service technician.
External devices
CAUTION:
Do not connect or disconnect any external device cables other than USB and 1394 cables while the
computer power is on; otherwise, you might damage your computer. To avoid possible damage to
attached devices, wait at least five seconds after the computer is shut down to disconnect external
devices.
General battery notice
DANGER
Personal computers manufactured by Lenovo contain a coin cell battery to provide power to
the system clock. In addition, many mobile products, such as notebook computers, utilize a
rechargeable battery pack to provide system power when in portable mode. Batteries supplied by
Lenovo for use with your product have been tested for compatibility and should only be replaced
with approved parts.
Never attempt to open or service any battery. Do not crush, puncture, or incinerate batteries or
short circuit the metal contacts. Do not expose the battery to water or other liquids. Only recharge
the battery pack strictly according to instructions included in the product documentation.
Battery abuse or mishandling can cause the battery to overheat, which can cause gasses or flame
to “vent” from the battery pack or coin cell. If your battery is damaged, or if you notice any
discharge from your battery or the buildup of foreign materials on the battery leads, stop using the
battery and obtain a replacement from the battery manufacturer.
Batteries can degrade when they are left unused for long periods of time. For some rechargeable
batteries (particularly Lithium Ion batteries), leaving a battery unused in a discharged state could
increase the risk of a battery short circuit, which could shorten the life of the battery and also can
pose a safety hazard. Do not let rechargeable Lithium-Ion batteries completely discharge or store
these batteries in a discharged state.
Rechargeable battery notice
DANGER
Do not attempt to disassemble or modify the battery pack. Attempting to do so can cause an
explosion, or liquid leakage from the battery pack. A battery pack other than the one specified by
Lenovo, or a disassembled or modified battery pack is not covered by the warranty.
If the rechargeable battery pack is incorrectly replaced, there is danger of an explosion. The battery
pack contains a small amount of harmful substances. To avoid possible injury:
• Replace only with a battery of the type recommended by Lenovo.
• Keep the battery pack away from fire.
• Do not expose it to water or rain.
• Do not attempt to disassemble it.
• Do not short-circuit it.
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User Guide
• Keep it away from children.
• Do not drop the battery pack.
Do not put the battery pack in trash that is disposed of in landfills. When disposing of the battery,
comply with local ordinances or regulations.
The battery pack should be stored at room temperature, charged to approximately 30 to 50%
of capacity. We recommend that battery pack be charged about once per year to prevent
overdischarge.
Lithium coin cell battery notice
DANGER
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced.
When replacing the lithium coin cell battery, use only the same or an equivalent type that is
recommended by the manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can explode if not properly
used, handled, or disposed of.
Do not:
• Throw or immerse into water
• Heat to more than 100°C (212°F)
• Repair or disassemble
Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.
The following statement applies to users in the state of California, U.S.A.
California Perchlorate Information:
Products containing manganese dioxide lithium coin cell batteries may contain perchlorate.
Perchlorate Material - special handling may apply, See
www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate
Heat and product ventilation
DANGER
Computers, ac power adapters, and many accessories can generate heat when turned on and when
batteries are charging. Notebook computers can generate a significant amount of heat due to their
compact size. Always follow these basic precautions:
• When your computer is turned on or the battery is charging, the base, the palm rest, and some
other parts may become hot. Avoid keeping your hands, your lap, or any other part of your
body in contact with a hot section of the computer for any extended length of time. When you
use the keyboard, avoid keeping your palms on the palm rest for a prolonged period of time.
Your computer generates some heat during normal operation. The amount of heat depends on
the amount of system activity and the battery charge level. Extended contact with your body,
even through clothing, could cause discomfort or even a skin burn. Periodically take breaks
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
xi
from using the keyboard by lifting your hands from the palm rest; and be careful not to use
the keyboard for any extended length of time.
• Do not operate your computer or charge the battery near flammable materials or in explosive
environments.
• Ventilation slots, fans and/or heat sinks are provided with the product for safety, comfort, and
reliable operation. These features might inadvertently become blocked by placing the product on
a bed, sofa, carpet, or other flexible surface. Never block, cover, or disable these features.
• When the ac power adapter is connected to an electrical outlet and your computer, it generates
heat. Do not place the adapter in contact with any part of your body while using it. Never use the
ac power adapter to warm your body. Extended contact with your body, even through clothing,
may cause a skin burn.
For your safety, always follow these basic precautions with your computer:
• Keep the cover closed whenever the computer is plugged in.
• Regularly inspect the outside of the computer for dust accumulation.
• Remove dust from vents and any perforations in the bezel. More frequent cleanings might be
required for computers in dusty or high-traffic areas.
• Do not restrict or block any ventilation openings.
• Do not operate your computer inside furniture, as this might increase the risk of overheating.
• Airflow temperatures into the computer should not exceed 35°C (95°F).
Electrical current safety information
DANGER
Electric current from power, telephone, and communication cables is hazardous.
To avoid a shock hazard:
• Do not use your computer during a lightning storm.
• Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation, maintenance, or reconfiguration
of this product during an electrical storm.
• Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet.
• Connect to properly wired outlets any equipment that will be attached to this product.
• Whenever possible, use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables.
• Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire, water, or structural damage.
• Disconnect the attached power cords, battery pack, and all the cables before you open the
device covers, unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures.
• Do not use your computer until all internal parts enclosures are fastened into place. Never use
the computer when internal parts and circuits are exposed.
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User Guide
DANGER
Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing, moving,
or opening covers on this product or attached devices.
To connect:
To disconnect:
1. Turn everything OFF.
1. Turn everything OFF.
2. First, attach all cables to devices.
2. First, remove power cords from outlets.
3. Attach signal cables to connectors.
3. Remove signal cables from connectors.
4. Attach power cords to outlets.
4. Remove all cables from devices.
5. Turn devices ON.
The power cord must be disconnected from the wall outlet or receptacle before installing all other
electrical cables connected to the computer.
The power cord may be reconnected to the wall outlet or receptacle only after all other electrical
cables have been connected to the computer.
Laser compliance statement
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic devices, or transmitters) are
installed, note the following:
• Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to
hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable parts inside the device.
• Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein
might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
DANGER
Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the following.
Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly with optical
instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.
Liquid crystal display (LCD) notice
CAUTION:
The LCD is made of glass, and rough handling or dropping the computer can cause the LCD to break.
If the LCD breaks and the internal fluid gets into your eyes or on your hands, immediately wash
the affected areas with water for at least 15 minutes; if any symptoms are present after washing,
get medical care.
Note: For products with mercury-containing fluorescent lamps (for example, non-LED), the fluorescent lamp
in the liquid crystal display (LCD) contains mercury; dispose of according to local, state, or federal laws.
Using headphones or earphones
If your computer has both a headphone connector and an audio-out connector, always use the headphone
connector for headphones (also called a headset) or earphones.
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
xiii
CAUTION:
Excessive sound pressure from earphones and headphones can cause hearing loss. Adjustment of
the equalizer to maximum increases the earphone and headphone output voltage and the sound
pressure level. Therefore, to protect your hearing, adjust the equalizer to an appropriate level.
Excessive use of headphones or earphones for a long period of time at high volume can be dangerous if the
output of the headphone or earphone connectors do not comply with specifications of EN 50332-2. The
headphone output connector of your computer complies with EN 50332-2 Sub clause 7. This specification
limits the computer’s maximum wide band true RMS output voltage to 150 mV. To help protect against
hearing loss, ensure that the headphones or earphones you use also comply with EN 50332-2 (Clause 7
limits) for a wide band characteristic voltage of 75 mV. Using headphones that do not comply with EN
50332-2 can be dangerous due to excessive sound pressure levels.
If your Lenovo computer came with headphones or earphones in the package, as a set, the combination of
the headphones or earphones and the computer already complies with the specifications of EN 50332-1.
If different headphones or earphones are used, ensure that they comply with EN 50332-1 (Clause 6.5
Limitation Values). Using headphones that do not comply with EN 50332-1 can be dangerous due to
excessive sound pressure levels.
Additional safety information
DANGER
Plastic bags can be dangerous. Keep plastic bags away from babies and children to avoid danger
of suffocation.
Notice for tablet personal computer users
Safety notice for users in Australia
DANGER
Do not connect phone line while using tablet mode.
Notice for users in the U.S.A.
Many personal computer products and accessories contain cords, cables or wires, such as power cords or
cords to connect the accessory to a personal computer. If this product has such a cord, cable or wire, then
the following warning applies:
WARNING: Handling the cord on this product or cords associated with accessories sold with this product
will expose you to lead, a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, and birth defects or
other reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
Save these instructions.
xiv
User Guide
Chapter 1. Product overview
This chapter provides information about the locations of connectors, locations of important product labels,
computer features, specifications, operating environment, and preinstalled programs.
This chapter contains the following topics:
•
“Locating computer controls, connectors, and indicators” on page 1
•
“Locating important product information” on page 9
•
“Features” on page 11
•
“Specifications” on page 13
•
“Operating environment” on page 13
•
“Lenovo programs” on page 14
Locating computer controls, connectors, and indicators
This section introduces the computer hardware features to give you the basic information you will need
to start using the computer.
Front view
Figure 1. ThinkPad T430s and T430si front view
1 Built-in microphones (on some models)
2 Integrated camera (on some models)
3 ThinkLight® light
4 TrackPoint® pointing stick
5 Power button
6 Fingerprint reader (on some models)
7 TrackPoint buttons
8 Touch pad
9 Touch pad buttons
10 Black button
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
1
1
Built-in microphones (on some models)
The built-in microphones capture sound and voice when used with an application program capable of
handling audio.
2
Integrated camera (on some models)
Use the camera to take pictures or hold a video conference. For more information, see “Using an integrated
camera” on page 41.
3
ThinkLight light
The ThinkLight light enables you to use your computer when the lighting condition is not ideal. To turn on the
ThinkLight light, press the Fn key and the space key together. To turn it off, press the combination again.
CAUTION:
Avoid using your computer in dark conditions for prolonged periods. It is bad for your eyes.
UltraNav® pointing device
4
TrackPoint pointing stick
TrackPoint buttons
8 Touch pad
9 Touch pad buttons
7
The keyboard contains the Lenovo unique UltraNav pointing device. Pointing, selecting, and dragging are
all part of a single process that you can perform without moving your fingers from a typing position. For
more information, see “Using the UltraNav pointing device” on page 24.
5
Power button
Use the power button to turn on the computer.
To turn off the computer, use the Start menu shutdown option on the Windows® 7 operating system. For
the Windows 8 operating system, move the cursor to the bottom right corner of the screen to bring up the
charms. Then click Settings ➙ Power ➙ Shut down.
If your computer stops responding and you cannot turn it off, press and hold the power button for four
seconds or more. If the computer still is not responding, remove the ac power adapter and the battery
to reset the computer.
You also can program the power button so that by pressing the power button you can shut down the
computer or put it into sleep or hibernation mode. To achieve this, you need to change your power plan
settings. To access power plan settings, do the following:
• For Windows 7: Start the Power Manager program and then click the Power Plan tab. For instructions on
how to start the Power Manager program, see “Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows 7 operating
system” on page 14.
• For Windows 8: Click the battery status icon from the Windows notification area and click More power
options. Then click Choose what the power buttons do.
6
Fingerprint reader (on some models)
The fingerprint authentication technology enables you to use your fingerprint to start the computer, enter the
ThinkPad Setup program, or enter the Windows® operating system. For details, see “Using the fingerprint
reader” on page 54.
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User Guide
10
Black button
When the operating system is working normally, pressing the black button launches the SimpleTap program
on the Windows 7 operating system or the Lenovo PC Device Experience program on the Windows 8
operating system.
On the Windows 7 operating system, you also can use the black button to interrupt the startup sequence
of your computer to start the Rescue and Recovery® workspace. To access the Rescue and Recovery
workspace, turn on your computer and press the black button when the ThinkPad logo is displayed on
the screen. For more information about the Rescue and Recovery Workspace, see “Using the Rescue
and Recovery workspace” on page 61.
Right-side view
Figure 2. ThinkPad T430s and T430si right-side view
1 Security keyhole
2 Serial Ultrabay™ Slim bay
3 Wireless radio switch
1
Security keyhole
Purchase a security cable lock that fits this keyhole to lock your computer to a stationary object to protect
your computer from theft.
2
Serial Ultrabay Slim bay
Your computer has a bay for Serial Ultrabay Slim devices. An optical drive is installed in the bay. You can
install a 9.5-mm-thick Serial Ultrabay Slim device in the bay.
3
Wireless radio switch
Use this switch to quickly turn on or turn off all wireless connections.
Chapter 1. Product overview
3
Left-side view
Figure 3. ThinkPad T430s and T430si left-side view
1 Fan louvers
2 USB 3.0 connector
3 Combo audio jack
4 Media card reader slot or ExpressCard slot
5 Smart card slot (on some models)
1
Fan louvers
The internal fan and louvers enable air to circulate in the computer and cool the central processor.
Note: To avoid impeding airflow, do not place any obstacle in front of the fan.
2
USB 3.0 connector
The Universal Serial Bus (USB) 3.0 connector is used for connecting devices compatible with a USB
interface, such as a USB printer or a digital camera.
Note: When you attach a USB cable to the connector, make sure that the USB mark is facing upward.
Otherwise the connector might be damaged.
3
Combo audio jack
To listen to the sound from your computer, connect a headphone or a headset that has a 3.5 mm 4-pole
plug to the combo audio jack.
Notes:
• If you are using a headset with a function switch, for example, a headset for an iPhone mobile digital
device, do not press this switch while using the headset. If you press it, the headset microphone will be
disabled, and the integrated microphones on the computer will be enabled instead.
• The combo audio jack does not support a conventional microphone. For more information, see “Using
audio features” on page 40.
4
Media card reader slot or ExpressCard slot
Depending on the model, your computer might have a media card reader slot or ExpressCard slot.
4
User Guide
• If your computer has a media card reader slot, it supports the following cards:
– Secure Digital (SD) card
– Secure Digital High-Capacity (SDHC) card
– Secure Digital eXtended-Capacity (SDXC) card
– MultiMediaCard (MMC)
• If your computer has an ExpressCard slot, it supports a 34 mm-wide card.
For more information about the supported cards, see “Using an ExpressCard, a flash media card, or a
smart card” on page 41.
5
Smart card slot
Some models have a smart card slot. See “Using an ExpressCard, a flash media card, or a smart card”
on page 41.
Bottom view
Figure 4. ThinkPad T430s and T430si bottom view
1 PCI Express Mini Card slot for wireless LAN/WiMAX
2 PCI Express Mini Card slot for wireless WAN or mSATA
solid state drive
3 Port replicator or docking station connector
4 Memory-upgrade slot
5 Hard disk drive or solid state drive
6 SIM card slot
7 Battery
1
PCI Express Mini Card slot for wireless LAN/WiMAX
Your computer might include a PCI Express Mini Card in the PCI Express Mini Card slot which enables
wireless LAN/WiMAX communications.
2
PCI Express Mini Card slot for wireless WAN or mSATA solid state drive
Your computer might have a wireless wide area network (WAN) card installed in the PCI Express Mini
Card slot for wireless WAN connections.
For some models, an mSATA solid state drive might be installed instead of the wireless WAN card for
data storage.
Chapter 1. Product overview
5
3
Port replicator or docking station connector
Connect your computer to a supported docking station or port replicator through this connector to extend
the computer capabilities when you are in your office or at home. For more information about the supported
docking stations and port replicators, see “ThinkPad docking stations and port replicators” on page 100.
4
Memory-upgrade slot
You can increase the amount of memory in your computer by installing a memory module in the
memory-upgrade slot. Memory modules are available as options from Lenovo.
For more information, see “Replacing a memory module” on page 69.
5
Hard disk drive or solid state drive
Your computer has a large-capacity, customer-upgradable hard disk drive or solid state drive that can meet
a variety of storage demands.
If you wish, you can purchase another hard disk drive or solid state drive and install it in the Serial Ultrabay
Slim bay.
6
SIM card slot
If your computer has a wireless WAN feature, it might require a Subscriber Identification Module (SIM) card
to establish wireless WAN connections. Depending on the country of delivery, the SIM card might already be
installed in the SIM card slot.
7
Battery
Use your computer with battery power whenever ac power is unavailable.
By installing a second battery, available as an option, in the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay, you can extend the
operating time of the computer. You also can use Power Manager to adjust your power settings as needed.
Rear View
Figure 5. ThinkPad T430s and T430si rear view
1 Power jack
2 Ethernet connector
3 USB 3.0 connector
4 Mini DisplayPort connector or Thunderbolt connector
5 Always On USB connector
6 Video graphics array (VGA) connector
7 Fan louvers
6
User Guide
1
Power jack
Connect the ac power adapter to the power jack to provide ac power to the computer and charge the battery.
2
Ethernet connector
Connect your computer to a LAN through the Ethernet connector.
DANGER
To avoid the risk of electrical shock, do not connect the telephone cable to the Ethernet connector.
You can only connect an Ethernet cable to this connector.
Two indicators, to the upper right and left of the connector, show the status of the network connection.
When your computer connects to a LAN and a session with the network is available, the upper left indicator
is steady green. While data is being transmitted, the upper right indicator blinks yellow.
Note: If you attach your computer to a ThinkPad docking station or port replicator, use the Ethernet
connector on the docking station or port replicator to connect to a LAN, not the one on the computer.
3
USB 3.0 connector
The USB 3.0 connector is used for connecting devices compatible with a USB interface, such as a USB
printer or a digital camera.
Note: When you attach a USB cable to the connector, make sure that the USB mark is facing upward.
Otherwise the connector might be damaged.
4
Mini DisplayPort connector or Thunderbolt connector
Note: Depending on the model, your computer could have either a Mini DisplayPort connector or a
Thunderbolt connector.
Use the Mini DisplayPort connector to connect your computer to a compatible projector, external monitor, or
high-definition television.
The Thunderbolt connector enables you to connect your computer to a Thunderbolt compatible device or a
Mini DisplayPort compatible device, such as a projector, external monitor, or high-definition television.
5
Always On USB connector
By default, the Always On USB connector enables you to charge some mobile digital devices and
smartphones when your computer is in sleep or hibernation mode.
If you want to charge these devices when your computer is turned off, do the following:
1. Connect the computer to an ac power supply.
2. Go to ThinkPad Setup and enable Always On USB Charge in off mode. For more information, see
“Config menu” on page 116.
3. Do one of the following:
• For Windows 7: Start the Power Manager program and click the Global Power Settings tab. Then
select the Enable Always On USB check box.
• For Windows 8: Press the Windows key to go to the Start screen. Click Lenovo Settings ➙ Power.
Then select the Enable when the computer is off check box.
Chapter 1. Product overview
7
6
Video graphics array (VGA) connector
Attach a VGA compatible monitor or projector to your computer to display the computer output.
Note: If you attach your computer to a docking station or port replicator, use the VGA connector on the
docking station or port replicator, not the one on the computer.
For details, see “Attaching an external monitor” on page 36.
7
Fan louvers
The internal fan and louvers enable air to circulate in the computer and cool the central processor.
Note: To avoid impeding airflow, do not place any obstacle in front of the fan.
Status indicators
Your computer has system-status indicators and power-status indicators. The status indicators show the
current status of your computer.
System-status indicators
1
Wireless LAN/WAN/WiMAX/Bluetooth status indicator
• Green: The wireless LAN, WAN, Bluetooth, or WiMAX feature is on.
• Off: Wireless network devices are disabled or the wireless radio is turned off.
2
Device access status indicator
The hard disk drive, solid state drive, mSATA solid state drive, or the second hard disk drive in the Serial
Ultrabay Slim bay is reading or writing data.
Note: When this indicator is blinking, do not put the computer into sleep mode, remove the second hard
disk drive, or turn off the computer.
3
Power-on status indicator
The power button stays lit whenever the computer is on, blinks when the computer is in sleep mode, and
is off when the computer is turned off.
8
User Guide
Power status indicators
1
Sleep status
• Green: The computer is in sleep mode.
• Blinking green: The computer is entering sleep or hibernation mode, or is resuming normal operation.
2
Battery status
• Green: The battery charge level is 20% or more.
• Orange: The battery charge level is between 5% and 20%.
• Fast blinking orange: The battery charge level is 5% or less, or the battery is charging.
• Slow blinking orange: The battery is being charged. When the charge level reaches 20%, the blinking
color changes to green.
• Slow blinking green: The battery charge level is between 20% and 80%, and charging is continuing.
When the battery charge level reaches 80%, the battery status indicator stops blinking, but the charging
might continue until the battery is 100% charged.
• Quick blinking orange: An error has occurred with the battery.
• Off: The battery is detached or the computer is powered off.
Locating important product information
This section provides information to help you locate your machine type and model label, FCC ID and IC
Certification label, and the Microsoft® Certificate of Authenticity (COA) label.
Machine type and model label
The machine type and model label identifies your computer. When you contact Lenovo for help, the machine
type and model information helps support technicians to identify your computer and provide faster service.
Chapter 1. Product overview
9
You can find the machine type and model of your computer on the label as shown below:
FCC ID and IC Certification number label
There is no FCC ID or IC Certification number for the PCI Express Mini Card shown on the enclosure of
your computer. The FCC ID and IC Certification number label is affixed on the card installed in the PCI
Express Mini Card slot of your computer.
10
User Guide
If no integrated wireless PCI Express Mini Card has been preinstalled in your computer, you can install one.
To do this, follow the procedure in “Replacing a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless LAN/WiMAX connection”
on page 78 or “Replacing a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless WAN connection” on page 85.
Note: Only Lenovo authorized wireless LAN or wireless WAN cards are allowed to be used in your computer.
If you install an unauthorized PCI Express Mini Card that is not approved for use in your computer, the
computer will not start, but will only display an error message and emit audible beeps.
Certificate of Authenticity label
The Certificate of Authenticity label for the preinstalled operating system is attached. Printed on this label are
the product ID and the product key information for your computer. Record this information and keep it in a
safe place. You might need these numbers to start your computer or reinstall the operating system.
Note: The Certificate of Authenticity label applies only to computers preinstalled with the Windows 7
operating system.
The Certificate of Authenticity label of your computer is shown as below:
Features
Processor
To view the processor information of your computer, do the following:
• For Windows 7: Click Start, right-click Computer. Then click Properties.
Chapter 1. Product overview
11
• For Windows 8: Move the cursor to the bottom right corner of the screen to bring up the charms. Then
click Settings ➙ PC info.
Memory
Double data rate 3 synchronous dynamic random access memory modules (DDR3 SDRAMM)
Storage device
• 2.5-inch (7 mm height) hard disk drive or 2.5-inch (7 mm height) solid state drive
• mSATA solid state drive (for cache only, on some models)
Display
The color display uses TFT technology.
• Size: 14.0 inches (355.6 mm)
• Resolution: Up to 1600-by-900, or 1366-by-768 (depending on the model)
• Brightness control
• ThinkLight light
• Integrated camera (on some models)
• Built-in microphones (on some models)
Keyboard
• 6-row backlit keyboard or 6-row standard keyboard (depending on the model)
• UltraNav pointing device (TrackPoint and multi-touch touch pad)
• Fn key function
• Black button
• Volume control buttons
• Speaker mute button
• Microphone mute button
Interface
• External monitor connectors (VGA, Mini DisplayPort, and Thunderbolt connector)
• Combo audio jack
• Two USB 3.0 connectors
• One Always On USB connector
• RJ45 Ethernet connector
• Serial Ultrabay Slim bay
• ExpressCard slot (on some models)
• Media card reader slot (on some models)
• Smart card reader slot (on some models)
• Docking station connector
Optical drive
• MultiBurner drive or DVD-ROM drive (depending on the model)
12
User Guide
Wireless features
• Integrated wireless LAN
• Integrated Bluetooth (on some models)
• Integrated wireless WAN (on some models)
• Integrated WiMAX (on some models)
Security features
• Fingerprint reader (on some models)
Specifications
This section lists the physical specifications for your computer.
Size
• Width: 343.0 mm (13.5 inches)
• Depth: 230.0 mm (9.05 inches)
• Height: 21.2 to 26.0mm (0.83 inch to 1.02 inches)
Heat output
65 W (222 Btu/hr) maximum or 90 W (307 Btu/hr) maximum, depending on the model
Power source (ac power adapter)
• Sine-wave input at 50 to 60 Hz
• Input rating of the ac power adapter: 100 to 240 V AC, 50 to 60 Hz
Battery pack
• Lithium-ion (Li-Ion) battery pack
Battery life
• For the percentage of remaining battery power, check the battery status icon in the Windows notification
area.
Operating environment
This section provides information about your computer operating environment.
Environment:
• Maximum altitude without pressurization: 3048 m (10 000 ft)
• Temperature
– At altitudes up to 2438 m (8000 ft)
– Operating: 5.0°C to 35.0°C (41°F to 95°F)
– Storage: 5.0°C to 43.0°C (41°F to 109°F)
– At altitudes above 2438 m (8000 ft)
– Maximum temperature when operating under the unpressurized condition: 31.3°C (88°F)
Chapter 1. Product overview
13
Note: When you charge the battery pack, its temperature must be at least 10°C (50°F).
• Relative humidity:
– Operating: 8% to 80%
– Storage: 5% to 95%
If possible, place your computer in a well-ventilated and dry area without direct exposure to sunshine.
Keep electrical appliances such as an electric fan, radio, air conditioner, and microwave oven away from
your computer because the strong magnetic fields generated by these appliances can damage the monitor
and data on the hard disk drive.
Do not place any beverages on top of or beside the computer or other attached devices. If liquid is spilled on
or in the computer or an attached device, a short circuit or other damage might occur.
Do not eat or smoke over your keyboard. Particles that fall into your keyboard can cause damage.
Lenovo programs
Your computer comes with Lenovo programs to help you work more easily and securely. Depending on
the Windows operating system preinstalled, the programs might vary.
To learn more about the programs and other computing solutions offered by Lenovo, go to
http://www.lenovo.com/support
Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows 7 operating system
On the Windows 7 operating system, you can access ThinkVantage programs from the Lenovo ThinkVantage
Tools program or from Control Panel.
• Accessing programs from the Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools program
Click Start ➙ All Programs ➙ Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools. Double-click a program icon to access
the program.
Note: If a program icon in the Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools program navigation window is dimmed, it
indicates that you need to install the program manually. To install the program manually, double-click the
program icon. Then, follow the instructions on the screen. When the installation process completes, the
program icon will be activated.
Table 1. Programs in the Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools program
14
Program
Icon name
Access Connections™
Internet Connection
Active Protection System™
Airbag Protection
Client Security Solution
Enhanced Security
Communications Utility
Web Conferencing
Fingerprint Software
Fingerprint Reader
Lenovo Solution Center
System Health and Diagnostics
Mobile Broadband Connect
3G Mobile Broadband
Password Manager
Password Vault
Power Manager
Power Controls
User Guide
Table 1. Programs in the Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools program (continued)
Program
Icon name
Recovery Media
Factory Recovery Disks
Rescue and Recovery
Enhanced Backup and Restore
SimpleTap
SimpleTap
System Update
Update and Drivers
Note: Depending on your computer model, some of the programs might not be available.
• Accessing programs from Control Panel
Click Start ➙ Control Panel. Depending on the program you want to access, click the corresponding
section and then click the corresponding green text.
Note: If you do not find the program you need in Control Panel, open the Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools
program navigation window and double-click the dimmed icon to install the program you need. Then,
follow the instructions on the screen. When the installation process completes, the program icon will be
activated, and you can find the program in Control Panel.
The programs and the corresponding sections and green texts in Control Panel are listed in the following
table.
Table 2. Programs in Control Panel
Program
Access Connections
Active Protection System
Control Panel section
Green text in Control Panel
Network and Internet
Lenovo - Internet Connection
System and Security
Lenovo - Airbag Protection
Hardware and Sound
Client Security Solution
System and Security
Lenovo - Enhanced Security
Communications Utility
Hardware and Sound
Lenovo - Web Conferencing
Fingerprint Software
System and Security
Lenovo - Fingerprint Reader
Hardware and Sound
or
Lenovo - Notebook Fingerprint
Reader
Lenovo Solution Center
System and Security
Lenovo - System Health and
Diagnostics
Message Center Plus
Programs
Messages from Lenovo
Mobile Broadband Connect
Network and Internet
Lenovo - 3G Mobile Broadband
Password Manager
System and Security
Lenovo - Password Vault
User Accounts and Family Safety
Power Manager
Hardware and Sound
Lenovo - Power Controls
System and Security
Recovery Media
System and Security
Lenovo - Factory Recovery Disks
Rescue and Recovery
System and Security
Lenovo - Enhanced Backup and
Restore
SimpleTap
Programs
Lenovo - SimpleTap
System Update
System and Security
Lenovo - Update and Drivers
Note: Depending on your computer model, some of the programs might not be available.
Chapter 1. Product overview
15
Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows 8 operating system
If your computer is preinstalled with the Windows 8 operating system, you can access Lenovo programs by
doing either of the following:
• Click the Lenovo QuickLaunch icon from the taskbar. A list of programs is displayed. Double-click a
Lenovo program to launch it. If a desired program is not in the list, click the plus icon +.
• Press the Windows key to go to the Start screen. Click a Lenovo program to launch it. If you cannot find
the program you need, move the cursor to the bottom right corner of the screen to bring up the charms.
Then click the Search charm to search for the desired program.
Your computer supports the following Lenovo programs:
• Active Protection System
• Fingerprint Software
• Lenovo Companion
• Lenovo Settings
• Lenovo Mobile Access
• Lenovo Solution Center
• Lenovo QuickLaunch
• Lenovo Support
• Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools
• Password Manager
• System Update
For an introduction to these programs, see “An introduction to Lenovo programs” on page 16.
An introduction to Lenovo programs
This topic provides a brief introduction to some Lenovo programs.
Note: Depending on your computer model, some of the programs might not be available.
• Access Connections
The Access Connections program is a connectivity assistant program for creating and managing location
profiles. Each location profile stores all the network and Internet configuration settings needed for
connecting to a network infrastructure from a specific location such as a home or an office.
By switching between location profiles as you move your computer from place to place, you can quickly
and easily connect to a network with no need to reconfigure your settings manually and restart the
computer each time.
• Active Protection System
The Active Protection System program protects your hard disk drive when the shock sensor inside your
computer detects a condition that could damage the drive, such as system tilt, excessive vibration, or
shock. The hard disk drive is less vulnerable to damage when it is not operating. This is because when
the hard disk drive is not operating, the system stops it from spinning, and might also move the read
and write heads of the drive to areas that do not contain data. As soon as the shock sensor senses
that the environment is stable again (minimal change in system tilt, vibration, or shock), it turns the
hard disk drive on.
• Client Security Solution
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User Guide
The Client Security Solution program protects your computer by securing client data and deflecting
security breach attempts. It also can help manage your passwords, recover a forgotten password,
monitor security settings on your computer, and suggest how to enhance your computer security.
• Communications Utility
Use the Communications Utility program to configure settings for the integrated camera and audio devices.
• Fingerprint Software
If your system comes with a fingerprint reader, the Fingerprint Software program enables you to enroll
your fingerprint and associate it with your Windows password. As a result, the fingerprint authentication
can replace your password and enable simple and secure user access.
• GPS Enabler
If the PCI Express Mini Card installed in your computer supports GPS, your computer can receive signals
from GPS satellites and determine its location. If your computer is connected to the Internet, you can find
your location on a real-time map provided by Google Maps or Microsoft Bing™ Maps.
• Lenovo Companion
Through the Lenovo Companion program, you can get the information about the accessories for your
computer, view bolgs and articles about your computer, and check for other recommended programs.
• Lenovo Mobile Access
The Lenovo Mobile Access program enables you to manage your mobile broadband connection. You
can create an account, add money to the account, and purchase mobile broadband sessions using
your account.
• Lenovo QuickLaunch
The Lenovo QuickLaunch program provides you with quick access to programs installed on your
computer, including Lenovo programs, Microsoft programs, and other third party programs.
• Lenovo Settings
Use the Lenovo Settings program to enhance your computing experience by turning your computer into a
portable hotspot, configuring camera and audio settings, optimizing your power settings, and creating
and managing multiple network profiles.
• Lenovo Solution Center
The Lenovo Solution Center program enables you to troubleshoot and resolve computer problems. It
combines diagnostic tests, system information collection, security status, and support information, along
with hints and tips for maximum system performance.
• Lenovo Support
The Lenovo Support program enables you to register your computer with Lenovo, check the computer
health condition and battery status, download and view user manuals for your computer, get the warranty
information of your computer, and explore help and support information.
• Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools
The Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools program helps you work more easily and securely by providing easy
access to various programs, such as Fingerprint Software, Lenovo Solution Center, and so on.
– Lenovo Solution Center
– Power Manager
– Rescue and Recovery
– System Update
• Message Center Plus
The Message Center Plus program automatically displays messages to inform you about important notices
from Lenovo, such as alerts on system updates and alerts on conditions that require your attention.
Chapter 1. Product overview
17
• Mobile Broadband Connect
The Mobile Broadband Connect program enables your computer to connect to the mobile broadband
(3G) network through a supported wireless WAN card.
• Password Manager
The Password Manager program automatically captures and fills in authentication information for
Windows programs and Web sites.
• Power Manager
The Power Manager program provides convenient, flexible, and complete power management for your
computer. It enables you to adjust your computer power settings to achieve the best balance between
performance and power saving.
• Recovery Media
The Recovery Media program enables you to restore the contents of the hard disk drive to the factory
default settings.
• Rescue and Recovery
The Rescue and Recovery program is a one-button recovery and restore solution that includes a set of
self-recovery tools to help you diagnose computer problems, get help, and recover from system crashes,
even if you cannot start the Windows operating system.
• SimpleTap
The SimpleTap program provides you with a quick way to customize some basic computer settings such
as muting the speakers, adjusting the volume, locking the computer operating system, launching a
program, opening a Web page, opening a file, and so on. You also can use the SimpleTap program to
access the Lenovo App Shop, from which you can download various programs and computer software.
To start the SimpleTap program in a quick way, do any of the following:
– Click the red SimpleTap launch point on the desktop. The red launch point is available on the desktop
after you have launched the SimpleTap program for the first time.
– Press the black button on the keyboard (next to the volume control buttons).
Note: The SimpleTap program is only available on certain models preinstalled with the Windows 7
operating system. If your Windows 7 model is not preinstalled with the SimpleTap program, you can
download it from http://www.lenovo.com/support.
• System Update
The System Update program helps you keep the software on your computer up-to-date by downloading
and installing software update packages (Lenovo programs, device drivers, UEFI BIOS updates, and
other third party programs).
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User Guide
Chapter 2. Using your computer
This chapter provides information on using some of the computer components.
•
“Registering your computer” on page 19
•
“Frequently asked questions” on page 19
•
“Special keys and buttons” on page 21
•
“Using the UltraNav pointing device” on page 24
•
“Power management” on page 27
•
“Connecting to the network” on page 32
•
“Presentations and multimedia” on page 36
•
“Using the NVIDIA Optimus Graphics feature” on page 40
•
“Using audio features” on page 40
•
“Using an integrated camera” on page 41
•
“Using the optical drive” on page 41
•
“Using an ExpressCard, a flash media card, or a smart card” on page 41
Registering your computer
When you register your computer, information is entered into a database, which enables Lenovo to contact
you in case of a recall or other severe problem. After you registered your computer with Lenovo, you will
also receive quicker service when you call Lenovo for help. In addition, some locations offer extended
privileges and services to registered users.
To register your computer with Lenovo, do one of the following:
• Go to http://www.lenovo.com/register and follow the instructions on the screen to register your computer.
• Connect your computer to the Internet and register your computer through a preinstalled registration
program:
– For Windows 7: The preinstalled Lenovo Product Registration program launches automatically after you
have used your computer for a time. Follow the instructions on the screen to register your computer.
– For Windows 8: Open the Lenovo Support program. Then click Regisration and follow the instructions
on the screen to register your computer.
Frequently asked questions
Here are a few tips that will help you optimize the use of ThinkPad notebook.
To ensure that you receive the best performance from your computer, browse the following Web page to find
information such as aids for troubleshooting and answers to frequently asked questions:
http://www.lenovo.com/support/faq
Can I get my user guide in another language?
• To download the user guide in another language, go to http://www.lenovo.com/support. Then follow
the instructions on the screen.
On the go and need to use battery power more effectively?
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
19
• To conserve power, or to suspend operation without exiting applications or saving files, see the
explanation about “Power-saving modes” on page 29.
• To achieve the best balance between performance and power saving, change power plan settings.
See “Managing your battery power ” on page 29.
• If your computer will be turned off for an extended period of time, you can prevent battery power from
draining by removing the battery. See “Power management” on page 27 for more information.
Concerned about security or need to securely dispose of data stored on your hard disk or solid
state drive?
• See Chapter 4 “Security” on page 47 to find out how you can protect your computer from theft and
unauthorized use.
• Use the Client Security Solution program or Password Manager program to protect the data stored on
your computer.
• Before you dispose of the data on the hard disk drive or the solid state drive, be sure to read “Notice on
deleting data from your hard disk drive or solid state drive” on page 57.
Is getting connected in different locations a challenge?
• To troubleshoot a wireless networking issue, go to:
http://www.lenovo.com/support/faq.
• Take advantage of the networking features provided by the Access Connections program (on the
Windows 7 operating system) or Location Awareness in the Lenovo Settings program (on the Windows 8
operating system).
• To learn more about using the wireless features of your computer, refer to “Wireless connections” on
page 32.
• To travel more confidently, be sure to check the tips in “Traveling with your computer” on page 45.
• Press Fn+F5, or use the wireless radio switch to enable or disable the wireless features.
Need to give presentations or attach an external monitor often?
• Make sure that you follow the procedure in the topic “Attaching an external monitor” on page 36.
• With the Extend desktop function, you can display output on both the computer display and an external
monitor. See “Using the Extend desktop function” on page 39.
Need to attach or replace a device?
• See Chapter 6 “Replacing devices” on page 67 for more information about replacing the devices of
your computer.
• See Chapter 7 “Enhancing your computer” on page 97 for more information about enhancing the features
of your computer.
You have been using your computer for some time already, and it is getting slower?
• Read the topic “General tips for preventing problems” on page 131.
• Diagnose problems yourself by using the preinstalled diagnostic software. See “Diagnosing problems” on
page 137.
• Also recovery tool is provided on your computer hard disk or solid state drive. For more information,
see Chapter 5 “Recovery overview” on page 59.
Print the following sections and keep them with your computer in case you are unable to access this
online help when necessary.
•
20
“Installing a new operating system” on page 111.
User Guide
•
“Computer stops responding” on page 137.
•
“Power problems” on page 150.
Special keys and buttons
Your computer has several special keys and buttons to help you work more easily and effectively.
Function key combinations
To use the Fn function key combinations, press and hold the Fn key 1 ; then press one of the function
keys 2 . Release both keys.
Power conservation
• Fn+F4
Put your computer into sleep mode. To return to normal operation, press the Fn key only.
If you want to use the combination to put the computer into hibernation mode, you need to change your
power plan settings. To access power plan settings, do the following:
– For Windows 7: Start the Power Manager program and then click the Power Plan tab. For instructions
on how to start the Power Manager program, see “Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows 7
operating system” on page 14.
– For Windows 8: Right-click the battery status icon from the Windows notification area and click Power
Options. Then click Change plan settings which is next to your power plan.
Switching a display output location
• Fn+F7
Switch the display output location between the computer display and an external monitor by selecting
one of the following options:
– Computer display only
– Computer display and external monitor (same image)
– Computer display and external monitor (Extended desktop function)
– External monitor only
Note: The Windows+P key combination has the same function as Fn+F7.
Chapter 2. Using your computer
21
Enabling or disabling the wireless features
• Fn+F5
Enable or disable the built-in wireless networking features.
Note: To use this function, the following device drivers must be installed on your computer beforehand:
– Power Management driver
– OnScreen Display Utility
– Wireless device drivers
You can download these drivers from http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadDrivers.
Changing the camera and audio settings
• Fn+F6
– For Windows 7: Open the Communications Utility settings window, in which you can preview your
video image, take a snapshot of your current image, and change the camera and audio settings.
– For Windows 8: Start the Lenovo Settings program. To use the camera or change the camera settings,
click Camera. To adjust the audio settings, click Audio.
Adjusting the brightness level of the computer display
• Fn+F8: The computer display becomes dimmer.
• Fn+F9: The computer display becomes brighter.
This function changes the brightness level temporarily. To change the default brightness level, change
the settings through the Power Manager program.
Multimedia controls
• Fn+F10: Previous track/scene
• Fn+F11: Play or pause
• Fn+F12: Next track/scene
Other functions
• Fn+Spacebar: Control the keyboard backlight and the ThinkLight light.
– Press once: Turn on the keyboard backlight in the low brightness level.
– Press again: Adjust the keyboard backlight to the high brightness level.
– Press the third time: Turn off the keyboard backlight and turn on the ThinkLight light.
– Press the fourth time: Turn off the ThinkLight light.
Note: If your computer does not have a backlit keyboard, the Fn+Spacebar combination controls only the
ThinkLight light.
To change the functionality of this combination, see “Config menu” on page 116.
• Fn+F3: Lock your computer.
• Fn+B: Has the same function as the Break key.
• Fn+P: Has the same function as the Pause key.
• Fn+S: Has the same function as the SysRq key.
• Fn+K: Has the same function as the ScrLK key.
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User Guide
Volume and mute buttons
Adjust the sound volume level of the built-in speakers by using the following three buttons:
1
Speaker mute button
Volume control button
3 Microphone mute button
2
If you mute the sound and then turn off your computer, the sound will remain muted when you turn on your
computer again. To turn on the sound, press the speaker mute button again or press the volume control
button.
Setting the volume
To adjust the output volume or the recording volume, do the following:
1. Go to Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound ➙ Sound. The Sound window opens.
2. Click the Playback tab or Recording tab, and then click a device that you want to customize.
3. Click the Properties button.
4. Click the Levels tab, and then change the volume by moving the slider.
You also can get access to the desktop volume control by using the volume icon on the taskbar at the lower
right of the screen. For details about controlling volume, refer to your Windows help information system.
Setting the microphone mute button
By default, when you press the microphone mute button, all of the recording devices are muted or unmuted.
If you want to control only one of the recording devices using the microphone mute button, do the following:
1. Press Fn+F6. The Communications Utility settings window opens.
2. Click the Manage Settings button. The Communications Utility window opens.
3. On the VoIP Call Settings tab, click Microphone mute button settings. The Setting for Microphone
Mute window opens.
4. Select Only the recording device selected below:. Then select the recording device from the
drop-down list box.
5. Click OK.
Chapter 2. Using your computer
23
Windows key
1
Windows key
On the Windows 7 operating system, press the Windows key to open the Start menu. On the Windows 8
operating system, press the Windows key to switch between the current workspace and the Start screen.
You also can use the Windows key together with another key to achieve other functions. For details, refer to
the help information system of the Windows operating system.
Using the UltraNav pointing device
Your computer may come with the UltraNav pointing device. The UltraNav pointing device consists of the
TrackPoint pointing device and the touch pad, each of which is itself a pointing device with both basic and
extended functions. You can configure both devices by choosing the settings you prefer.
• Set both the TrackPoint pointing device and the touch pad as pointing devices.
This setting enables the use of all the basic and extended functions of the TrackPoint pointing device
and the touch pad.
• Set the TrackPoint pointing device as the main pointing device and the touch pad for extended
functions only.
This setting enables the use of all basic and extended functions with the TrackPoint pointing device while
limiting the use of the touch pad to scrolling, tap zones, or slow-motion cursor functions.
• Set the TrackPoint pointing device as the main pointing device, and disable the touch pad.
• Set the touch pad as the main pointing device, and disable the TrackPoint pointing device.
Changing the UltraNav pointing device settings
To change your UltraNav pointing device settings, go to Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound ➙
Mouse ➙ UltraNav. Then change the settings as desired.
Using the TrackPoint pointing device
The TrackPoint pointing device consists of a pointing stick 1 on the keyboard and three click buttons at the
bottom of the keyboard. To move the pointer 5 on the screen, you apply pressure to the nonslip cap on the
pointing stick in any direction parallel to the keyboard; the pointing stick itself does not move. The speed at
which the pointer moves depends on the pressure you apply to the pointing stick. The functions of the left 4
24
User Guide
and right 2 click buttons correspond to those of the left and right mouse buttons on a conventional mouse.
The TrackPoint center button 3 , called the scroll bar, enables you to scroll Web pages or documents in any
direction with no need to use the graphic scroll bars on the side of the window.
Note: Your computer keyboard might look slightly different from the illustration above.
If you are not familiar with the TrackPoint pointing device, these instructions will help you get started:
1. Place your hands in the typing position, and press gently with an index finger or a middle finger on the
pointing stick in the direction in which you want the pointer to move.
To move the pointer, press the pointing stick away from you to move it up, toward you to move it
down, to one side or the other to move it sideways.
Note: The pointer might drift. This is not a defect. Stop using the TrackPoint pointing device for a few
seconds; the pointer will stop moving.
2. To select and drag as required by your software, press the left or right click button with either thumb
and move the TrackPoint pointing stick.
Customizing the settings of the TrackPoint pointing device
You can customize the TrackPoint pointing device and its buttons as follows:
• Switch the functions of the left and right buttons.
• Change the sensitivity of the TrackPoint pointing device.
• Enable the Press-to-Select function.
• Enable the TrackPoint Scrolling Tips.
To customize the settings of the TrackPoint pointing device, do the following:
1. Go to Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound ➙ Mouse ➙ UltraNav.
2. Under TrackPoint, proceed to changing the settings.
Changing the cap
The cap 1 on the end of the TrackPoint pointing stick is removable. You can replace it as shown.
Chapter 2. Using your computer
25
Note: If you replace the keyboard, a new keyboard is shipped with the default cap. If you wish, you can
keep the cap from your old keyboard and use it on the new one.
Using the touch pad
The touch pad of your computer supports multi-touch with which you can zoom in, zoom out, scroll, or
rotate on the screen while browsing the Internet or reading or editing a document.
The touch pad consists of a pad 1 and two click buttons below the TrackPoint buttons at the bottom of the
keyboard. To move the pointer 4 on the screen, slide your fingertip over the pad in the direction in which
you want the pointer to move. The functions of the left 3 and right 2 click buttons correspond to those of
the left and right mouse buttons on a conventional mouse.
Note: Your computer keyboard might look slightly different from the illustration above.
Customizing the touch pad
To customize the touch pad, do the following:
1. Go to Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound ➙ Mouse ➙ UltraNav.
2. Under TouchPad, proceed to changing the settings.
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User Guide
Disabling the UltraNav pointing device and using an external mouse
If you attach an external mouse to a USB connector, you can use the external mouse simultaneously with
the TrackPoint pointing device and the touch pad.
Disabling the TrackPoint pointing device or the touch pad
To disable the TrackPoint pointing device or the touch pad, do the following:
1. Go to Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound ➙ Mouse ➙ UltraNav.
2. To disable the TrackPoint pointing device, clear the check box for Enable TrackPoint.To disable the
touch pad, clear the check box for Enable TouchPad.
3. Click OK.
Adding the UltraNav icon to the system tray
For easy access to the UltraNav properties, you can enable the display of the UltraNav icon in the Windows
notification area.
To enable the display of the UltraNav icon in the Windows notification area, do the following:
1. Go to Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound ➙ Mouse ➙ UltraNav.
2. Select the check box for Show UltraNav icon on the system tray.
3. Click OK. You can now change the properties of the UltraNav pointing device by clicking the UltraNav
icon in the Windows notification area.
Note: If you cannot see the UltraNav icon, click the triangular icon in the Windows notification area
to show hidden icons.
You can now change the properties of the UltraNav pointing device by clicking the UltraNav icon in the
Windows notification area.
Power management
When you need to use your computer away from electrical outlets, you depend on battery power to keep
your computer running. Different computer components consume power at different rates. The more you
use the power-intensive components, the faster you consume battery power.
Spend more time unplugged with ThinkPad batteries. Mobility has revolutionized business by allowing
you to take your work wherever you go. With ThinkPad batteries, you will be able to work longer without
being tied to an electrical outlet.
Checking battery status
The battery icon in the Windows notification area displays the percentage of battery power remaining.
The rate at which you use battery power will determine how long you can use the battery of your computer
between charges. Because each computer user has different habits and needs, it is difficult to predict how
long a battery charge will last. There are two main factors:
• How much energy is stored in the battery when you begin to work.
• The way you use your computer. For example:
– How often you access the hard disk drive.
– How bright you make the computer display.
– How often you use the wireless features.
Chapter 2. Using your computer
27
To check for detailed battery status information, do the following:
• For Windows 7: Open the Power Manager program and click the Battery tab.
• For Windows 8: Open the Lenovo Support program and click Battery Health, or open the Lenovo
Settings program and click Power.
Using the ac power adapter
The power to run your computer can come either from the lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery pack provided with it,
or from ac power through the ac power adapter. While you use ac power, the battery charges automatically.
The ac power adapter that comes with your computer has two basic components:
1. The transformer pack that converts ac power for use with the computer.
2. The power cord that plugs into the ac outlet and into the transformer pack.
Attention: Using an improper power cord could cause severe damage to your computer.
Connecting the ac power adapter
To use the ac power adapter, do the following. Be sure to take these steps in the order in which they are
given here.
1. Plug the ac power adapter into an ac outlet.
2. Connect the power cord to the transformer pack.
3. Insert the power jack into the computer.
Tips on using the ac power adapter
You can check the status of your battery at any time by looking at the battery meter at the bottom of
your display.
• When the ac power adapter is not in use, disconnect it from the electrical outlet.
• Do not bind the power cord tightly around the ac power transformer pack when it is connected to the
transformer.
• Before you charge the battery, make sure that its temperature is at least 10°C (50°F).
• You can charge the battery when the ac power adapter is connected to the computer and the battery is
installed. You need to charge it in any of the following conditions:
– When you purchase a new battery
– If the battery status indicator shows the battery charge is low
– If the battery has not been used for a long time
Charging the battery
When you check battery status and find that the percentage of power remaining is low or when the power
alarm alerts you that remaining power is low, you need to charge your battery or replace it with a charged
battery.
If an ac outlet is convenient, plug the ac power adapter into it, and then insert the jack into the computer. The
battery will charge in about 3 to 6 hours. This is affected by the battery size and the physical environment.
The battery status indicator will let you know that the battery is charging, and will also notify you when the
battery is fully charged.
Note: To increase the life of the battery, the computer does not start recharging the battery if the remaining
power is greater than 95%.
28
User Guide
Maximizing battery life
To maximize the life of the battery, do the following:
• Use the battery until the charge is completely depleted; that is, use the battery until the battery status
indicator starts blinking orange.
• Recharge the battery completely before using it. The battery is fully charged if the battery indicator shows
green when the ac power adapter is plugged in.
• Always use power management features such as power modes, screen blank, sleep, and hibernation.
Managing your battery power
To achieve the best balance between performance and power saving, adjust your power plan settings.
To access power plan settings, do the following:
• For Windows 7: Start the Power Manager program and then click the Power Plan tab. For instructions on
how to start the Power Manager program, see “Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows 7 operating
system” on page 14.
• For Windows 8: Right-click the battery status icon from the Windows notification area and click Power
Options. Then click Change plan settings that is next to your power plan.
For more information, refer to the help information system of the program.
Power-saving modes
There are several modes that you can use at any time to conserve power. This section introduces each
mode and gives tips on the effective use of the battery power.
Introducing the power-saving modes
• Screen blank (for the Windows 7 operating system only)
The computer display requires considerable battery power. To turn off power to the display, right-click the
battery gauge icon from the Windows notification area and select Power off display.
• Sleep
In sleep mode, your work is saved to memory, and then the solid state drive or the hard disk drive and the
computer display are turned off. When your computer wakes up, your work is restored within seconds.
To put your computer into sleep mode, press Fn+F4. To return from sleep mode, press the Fn key.
Depending on the computer model, your computer might support the 30 Day Standby function. When
this function is enabled, the computer consumes even less power in the sleep mode and takes only
seconds to resume normal operation when you press the Power button. To enable the 30 Day Standby
function, do the following:
– For Windows 7: Refer to the help information system of the Power Manager program. For instructions
on how to start the Power Manager program, see “Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows 7
operating system” on page 14.
– For Windows 8: Open the Lenovo Settings program and click Power.
• Hibernation
By using this mode, you can turn off your computer completely without saving files or exiting from any
programs that are running. When the computer enters hibernation, all open programs, folders, and files
are saved to the hard disk, and then the computer turns off.
To put the computer into hibernation mode, change your power plan settings. To access power plan
settings, do the following:
Chapter 2. Using your computer
29
– For Windows 7: Start the Power Manager program and then click the Power Plan tab. For instructions
on how to start the Power Manager program, see “Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows 7
operating system” on page 14.
– For Windows 8: Right-click the battery status icon from the Windows notification area and click Power
Options. Then click Change plan settings that is next to your power plan.
• Wireless off
When you are not using the wireless features, such as Bluetooth or wireless LAN, turn them off. This will
help conserve power. To turn off the wireless features, press Fn+F5 or use the wireless radio switch.
Enabling the wakeup function
If you put your computer into hibernation mode, and the wakeup function is disabled (this is the default
setting), the computer does not consume any power. If the wakeup function is enabled, it consumes a small
amount of power. To enable the function, do the following:
1. Go to Control Panel and click System and Security ➙ Administrative Tools.
2. Double-click Task Scheduler. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type
the password or provide confirmation.
3. From the left pane, select the task folder for which you want to enable the wakeup function. The
scheduled tasks are displayed.
4. Click a scheduled task, and then click the Conditions tab.
5. Under Power, select the check box for Wake the computer to run this task.
Enabling the battery alarm on the Windows 7 operating system
For the Windows 7 operating system, you can program your computer so that when the battery power falls
below a certain level, three events occur:
• The alarm goes off.
• A warning message is displayed.
• The LCD is turned off.
To enable the battery alarm, do the following:
1. Start the Power Manager program.
2. Click the Global Power Settings tab.
3. For Low battery alarm or Critically low battery alarm, set the percentage of the power level and set
the action.
Note: If your computer enters sleep or hibernation mode when the battery is low, but the alarm message
has not yet displayed, the message will be displayed when the computer resumes. To resume normal
operation, press OK.
Handling the battery
This system supports only batteries specially designed for this specific system and manufactured by Lenovo
or an authorized builder. The system does not support unauthorized batteries or batteries designed for other
systems. If an unauthorized battery or a battery designed for another system is installed, the system will
not charge.
Attention: Lenovo has no responsibility for the performance or safety of unauthorized batteries, and
provides no warranties for failures or damage arising out of their use.
Note: If an unauthorized battery is installed, the following message will be displayed: “The battery installed
is not supported by this system and will not charge. Please replace the battery with the correct Lenovo
battery for this system”.
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DANGER
Do not attempt to disassemble or modify the battery pack.
Attempting to do so can cause an explosion, or liquid leakage from the battery pack.
A battery pack other than the one specified by Lenovo, or a disassembled or modified battery
pack is not covered by the warranty.
DANGER
If the rechargeable battery pack is incorrectly replaced, there is danger of an explosion. The battery
pack contains a small amount of harmful substances. To avoid possible injury:
• Replace only with a battery of the type recommended by Lenovo.
• Keep the battery pack away from fire.
• Do not expose it to excessive heat.
• Do not expose it to water or rain.
• Do not short-circuit it.
• Store it in a cool dry place.
• Keep it away from children.
The battery pack is a consumable supply. If your battery begins to discharge too quickly, replace the
battery pack with a new one of the type recommended by Lenovo. For more information on replacing the
battery pack, contact your Customer Support Center.
DANGER
Do not drop, crush, puncture, or subject to strong forces. Battery abuse or mishandling can cause
the battery to overheat, which can cause gasses or flame to “vent” from the battery pack or coin
cell. If your battery is damaged, or if you notice any discharge from your battery or the buildup
of foreign materials on the battery leads, stop using the battery and obtain a replacement from
the battery manufacturer.
DANGER
Only recharge the battery pack strictly according to instructions included in the product
documentation.
DANGER
Do not put the battery pack in trash that is disposed of in landfills. When disposing of the battery,
comply with local ordinances or regulations and your company's safety standards.
Chapter 2. Using your computer
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DANGER
There is a danger of an explosion if the backup battery is incorrectly placed. The lithium battery
contains lithium and can explode if it is not properly handled, or disposed of. Replace only with a
battery of the same type. To avoid possible injury or death, do not: (1) throw or immerse into water,
(2) allow it to heat to more than 100°C (212°F), or (3) attempt to repair or disassemble it. Dispose of
it as required by local ordinances or regulations and your company's safety standards.
Connecting to the network
Your computer has one or more network cards for connecting to the Internet and to your company's wired
LAN or wireless LAN network.
Note: Some models come with a built-in wireless WAN card enabling you to establish wireless connections
over remote public or private networks.
Ethernet connections
You can connect to your local network or a broadband connection by use of the Ethernet feature built into
your computer. If your are using the Windows 7 operating system, the Access Connections program also
enables you to manage your location profiles. For more information, see “Accessing Lenovo programs
on the Windows 7 operating system” on page 14.
DANGER
Your computer has an Ethernet connector. To avoid the risk of electrical shock, do not connect
the telephone cable to the Ethernet connector.
Wireless connections
Wireless communication is the transfer of data without the use of cables but by means of radio waves only.
Depending on the wireless device used in your computer, you might be able to connect to the following
categories of wireless networks.
Wireless LAN
A wireless local area network (LAN) covers a relatively small geographic area, such as an office building or a
house. Devices based on the 802.11 standards can connect to this network.
Your computer comes with a built-in wireless network card and a configuration utility to help you make
wireless connections and monitor the status of your connection, so that you can stay connected to your
network while you are in the office, in a meeting room, or at home, with no need for a wired connection.
Tips for using the wireless LAN feature
To achieve the best connection, use the following guidelines:
• Place your computer so that there are as few obstacles as possible between the wireless LAN access
point and the computer.
• Open your computer display to an angle of slightly more than 90 degrees.
• If you use the wireless feature (the 802.11 standard) of your computer simultaneously with a Bluetooth
option, the data transmission speed can be delayed and the performance of the wireless feature can be
degraded.
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Wireless WAN
Wireless Wide Area Network (wireless WAN), using cellular networks for data transmission, enables you
to establish wireless connections over remote public or private networks. These connections can be
maintained over a large geographical area, such as a city or an entire country, by use of multiple antenna
sites or satellite systems maintained by wireless service providers.
Some ThinkPad notebook computers come with a built-in wireless WAN card integrating some wireless
WAN technologies, such as 1xEV-DO, HSPA, 3G, GPRS or LTE. By using the built-in wireless WAN card and
the configuration utility that comes with your computer, you can establish wireless WAN connections and
monitor the status of your connection.
Note: Wireless WAN service is provided by authorized service providers in some countries.
Tips for using the wireless WAN feature
To achieve the best connection, use the following guidelines:
• Keep your computer away from your body.
• Place your computer on a flat surface and open your computer display to an angel of slightly more
than 90 degrees.
• Place your computer away from concrete or brick walls that might dampen cellular signals.
• Best reception will be available near windows and other locations where cellular phone reception is the
strongest.
WiMAX
Some ThinkPad notebook computers come with a built-in wireless LAN card integrating WiMAX technology.
This long-range wireless data transmission technology based on the 802.16 standard is expected to provide
the user a “last mile” broadband connectivity similar to that provided by cable or ADSL, but without the need
to physically connect a cable to the personal computer.
Bluetooth
Bluetooth is one of a number of technologies used to create a wireless personal area network. Bluetooth
can connect devices a short distance from one another, and is commonly used for connecting peripheral
devices to a computer, transferring data between hand-held devices and a personal computer, or remotely
controlling and communicating with devices such as mobile phones.
Establishing a wireless connection
To establish a wireless connection, do the following:
1. Press Fn+F5 to turn on the wireless feature.
2. Click the wireless network connection status icon in the Windows notification area. A list of available
wireless networks is displayed.
3. Double-click a network to connect to it. Provide required information if needed.
If you need to connect to different wireless networks in different locations, use the following software to
manage multiple network profiles so that the computer connects to an available network automatically when
the location changes:
• For Windows 7: Use the Access Connections program. For instructions on how to start the Access
Connections program, see “Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows 7 operating system” on page 14.
• For Windows 8: Open the Lenovo Settings program and click Location Awareness. See “Accessing
Lenovo programs on the Windows 8 operating system” on page 16.
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Attention:
• If you want to use the wireless features on an airplane, check the wireless services with the airline before
boarding the airplane.
• If there are restrictions on the use of computer wireless features on an airplane, you need to disable your
computer wireless features before boarding. To disable the wireless features, see “Enabling or disabling
the wireless feature” on page 36.
Wireless network setup
To use the built-in wireless networking card (the 802.11 standard) to communicate, start Access
Connections. See “Accessing Lenovo programs on the Windows 7 operating system” on page 14.
Note: Before you start setting up wireless networking connections by using Access Connections, obtain a
Network Name (SSID) and your encryption information from your network administrator.
Using Bluetooth
Some models are equipped with a Bluetooth card that is compliant with Bluetooth Specification 4.0.
To enable the Bluetooth feature on the Windows 7 operating system, press Fn+F5 to open the wireless
radio switchboard. Then turn on the Bluetooth radio. For the Windows 8 operating system, the Bluetooth
feature is on by default.
Sending data to a Bluetooth-enabled device
To send data to a Bluetooth-enabled device, do the following:
1. Enable the Bluetooth feature.
2. Right-click the data that you want to send.
3. Select Send To ➙ Bluetooth Devices.
4. Select a Bluetooth device and then follow the instructions on the screen.
Note: If you use the wireless feature (the 802.11 standard) of your computer simultaneously with a Bluetooth
option, the data transmission speed can be delayed and the performance of the wireless feature can be
degraded.
For more information about using the Bluetooth feature, refer to the Windows help information system and
the Bluetooth help information system.
Checking wireless connection status
You can check your computer wireless network connection status and wireless signal strength through the
wireless network connection status icon in the Windows notification area. The more bars encompassed, the
better the signal.
For the Windows 7 operating system, you also can check the Access Connections gauge, the Access
Connections status icon, or the Access Connections wireless network connection status icon in the
Windows notification area.
Access Connections gauge
On the Windows 7 operating system, the Access Connections gauge in the Windows notification area
displays the status and signal strength of your wireless connection.
You can find more detailed information about the status and signal strength of your wireless connection
by opening the Access Connections program or by right-clicking the Access Connections gauge in the
Windows notification area and selecting View Status of Wireless Connection.
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User Guide
• Access Connections gauge states: wireless LAN
–
–
Power to the wireless radio is off or no signal.
Power to the wireless radio is on. The signal strength of the wireless connection is poor. To
improve the signal strength, move your computer closer to the wireless access point.
–
Power to the wireless radio is on. The signal strength of the wireless connection
is marginal.
–
Power to the wireless radio is on. The signal strength of the wireless connection is
excellent.
• Access Connections gauge states: wireless WAN
–
No signal
–
Signal level 1
–
Signal level 2
–
Signal level 3
Access Connections status icon
The Access Connections status icon displays general connection status.
• Access Connections status icon states
–
No location profile is active or none exists.
–
Current location profile is disconnected.
–
Current location profile is connected.
Access Connections wireless status icon
The Access Connections wireless status icon displays the status and signal strength of your wireless
connection.
You can find more detailed information about the status and signal strength of your wireless connection
either by opening the Access Connections program or by double-clicking the Access Connections wireless
status icon in the Windows notification area.
• Wireless status icon states: wireless LAN
–
Power to the wireless radio is off.
–
Power to the wireless radio is on. No association.
–
Power to the wireless radio is on. No signal.
–
Power to the wireless radio is on. The signal strength of the wireless connection is excellent.
–
Power to the wireless radio is on. The signal strength of the wireless connection is marginal.
–
Power to the wireless radio is on. The signal strength of the wireless connection is poor. To improve
the signal strength, move your computer closer to the wireless access point.
• Wireless status icon states: wireless WAN
–
Power to the wireless radio is off.
–
No association
–
No signal
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35
–
Signal level 1
–
Signal level 2
–
Signal level 3
Note: If you have trouble in making a connection, try moving your computer closer to your wireless access
point.
Enabling or disabling the wireless feature
To enable or disable the wireless features, do one of the following:
• For Windows 7: Press Fn+F5 to open the wireless radio switchboard. Turn on or turn off the wireless
feature as desired.
• For Windows 8: Press Fn+F5 to enable or disable the Airplane mode. When the Airplane mode is enabled,
all of your wireless devices are turned off.
You also can use the wireless radio switch to turn on or turn off the wireless radios of all the wireless devices
on your computer.
Presentations and multimedia
You can connect your computer to a projector to give presentations or you can connect your computer
to an external monitor to expand your workspace.
Changing display settings
You can change the display settings, such as the display resolution, font size, and so on.
To change the display settings, do the following:
1. Open Control Panel and click Appearance and Personalization.
2. Click Display for further configuration.
Connecting a projector or external display
This topic provides information about connecting a projector or an external monitor.
Attaching an external monitor
Your computer can support a maximum video resolution of up to 2048x1536 (with an external monitor
attached to the VGA connector) or up to 2560x1600 (with an external monitor attached to the Mini
DisplayPort connector), provided that the external monitor also supports that resolution. For more details,
refer to the manuals provided with your monitor.
You can set any resolution for either the computer display or the external monitor. When you use both at the
same time, the resolution of both is the same. If you set a higher resolution for the computer display, you
can see only part of the screen at a time. You can see other parts by moving the image with the TrackPoint
pointing device or another pointing device.
You can move the display output to the computer display, the external monitor, or both by pressing Fn+F7.
Connecting an external monitor
To attach an external monitor, do the following:
1. Connect the external monitor to the VGA connector or the Mini DisplayPort connector.
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User Guide
2. Turn on the external monitor.
3. Change the display output location by pressing Fn+F7. This enables you to switch between viewing
output on the external monitor, the computer monitor, or both monitors.
Note: If your computer cannot detect the external monitor, right-click on the desktop, then select Screen
resolution. Click the Detect button.
Setting the monitor type
To set your external monitor type, do the following:
1. Connect the external monitor to the VGA connector or the Mini DisplayPort connector, and then connect
the monitor to an electrical outlet.
2. Turn on the external monitor.
3. Right-click on the desktop, and click Screen resolution.
Note: If your computer cannot detect the external monitor, click the Detect button.
4. Set Resolution.
5. Click Advanced Settings.
6. Click the Monitor tab. Check the monitor information window to make sure that the monitor type is
correct. If it is, click OK to close the window; otherwise proceed with the following steps.
7. If more than two monitor types are displayed, select Generic PnP Monitor or Generic Non-PnP
Monitor.
8. Click Properties. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password
or provide confirmation.
9. Click the Driver tab.
10. Click Update Driver.
11. Click Browse my computer for driver software, and then click Let me pick from a list of device
drivers on my computer.
12. Clear the Show compatible hardware check box.
13. Select Manufacturer and Model for your monitor. If you cannot find your monitor on the list, stop the
installation of this driver and use the driver shipped with your monitor.
14. After updating the driver, click Close.
15. For the Windows 7 operating system, to change the color settings, right-click on the desktop, and click
Screen resolution. Click Advanced Settings, select the Monitor tab, then set Colors.
16. Click OK.
Considerations for attaching an external monitor
• When installing an operating system, you must install the display driver for your monitor that is supplied
with the computer, and the monitor INF file that is supplied with the external monitor.
• If you set a resolution higher than the resolution you are using on the computer monitor, and use an
external monitor that does not support that resolution, take advantage of the virtual screen function,
which enables you to display only a part of the high-resolution screen image your computer produces.
You can see other parts of the image by moving the screen with the TrackPoint pointing device or another
pointing device.
• If the external monitor you are using is outdated, the resolution and the refresh rate might be limited.
Using the DVI monitor
If your computer has one of the following optional expansion units, you can connect a digital visual interface
(DVI) monitor to your computer:
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37
• ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3
• ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3 with USB 3.0
• ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3
• ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 with USB 3.0
Notes:
• The screen mode that can be used depends on the specifications of the DVI monitor.
• Before you attach the DVI monitor, make sure that the computer is attached to the expansion unit and
the system works properly.
To attach the DVI monitor, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer.
2. Connect the DVI monitor to the DVI connector of the expansion unit, and then connect the monitor
to an electrical outlet.
3. Turn on the DVI monitor and the computer.
If the computer output does not appear on the DVI monitor, do the following:
• For a computer that supports NVIDIA Optimus Graphics:
1. Right-click on the desktop and select NVIDIA Control Panel. The NVIDIA Control Panel window
opens.
2. In the Select a Task navigation pane at left under Display, click Set up multiple displays.
3. Right-click Verify your display configuration, and then right-click on the monitor icon and select
either Clone Mode or Extended Mode.
4. Click OK.
• For a computer that supports the Intel® graphics card:
– For Windows 7:
1. Press Ctrl+Alt+F12. The Intel Graphics and Media Control Panel window opens.
2. Select Advanced Mode and click OK.
3. Select Multiple Displays.
4. In the Operating Mode field, select any of the following options.
– Single Display: Depending on your configuration, the computer output is displayed on either
the computer display or the DVI monitor.
– Clone Displays: The same computer output is displayed on both the computer display and
the DVI monitor.
– Extended Desktop: Different computer output is displayed on the computer display and
the DVI monitor.
– For Windows 8:
1. Move the cursor to the bottom right corner of the screen and click the Devices charm.
2. Click Second screen and select Duplicate or Extend.
Considerations for attaching a DVI monitor
Connect the DVI monitor to the expansion unit, and turn it on before you turn on the computer. Otherwise the
system cannot recognize the DVI monitor. If the option for enabling the DVI monitor in the Display Properties
window is not displayed, try closing the window and opening it again. If the option still is not displayed, make
sure that the connector of the monitor is attached firmly, and repeat the procedure for attaching the monitor.
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User Guide
Using the Mini DisplayPort connector
Depending on the model, your computer might have a Mini DisplayPort connector, a digital display
interface for connecting various external devices, such as CRT monitors, LCD monitors, projectors, or even
high-definition televisions. This connector enables a plug-and-play setup and supports adapters that can
plug into DVI, VGA, or HDMI connectors.
The Mini DisplayPort connector of your computer supports audio as well as video streaming.
Note: Use DisplayPort certified cable with DisplayPort icon ( ) to connect the device for stable functionality.
Using the Thunderbolt connector
Depending on the model, your computer might have a Thunderbolt connector. It enables you to connect
your computer to a Thunderbolt compatible device or a Mini DisplayPort compatible device, such as CRT
monitors, LCD monitors, projectors, or high-definition televisions. The Thunderbolt connector has the
same appearance as the Mini DisplayPort connector other than the icon. If you connect a Mini DisplayPort
compatible device to the Thunderbolt connector, it generates Mini DisplayPort signals automatically.
Setting up a presentation
To display information and make presentations, you can attach a data projector to your computer through
the VGA connector on your computer.
Note: It may take several seconds before the projector displays the image. If you do not see your desktop
displayed after 60 seconds, try pressing Fn+F7 to switch between different display output locations.
Your projector might have one or more audio-input connectors. To project sound, you will need to attach the
combo audio jack on your computer to these connectors, using an audio cable (commercially available).
Using the Extend desktop function
Your computer supports a function named the extend desktop. With the Extend desktop function, you
can display output on both the computer display and an external monitor. You also can display different
desktop images on each monitor.
Considerations for using the Extend desktop function
• When a program using DirectDraw or Direct3D is played in full-screen mode, it is shown only on the
primary display.
• If you want to show DOS full-screen while in the Extend desktop mode, only the primary display shows
DOS; the other display is blacked out.
• If your computer has the Intel graphics card, you can designate the other display as the primary display
by doing the following:
1. Right-click on the desktop and select Screen Resolution.
2. Click the desired display image and select the Make this my main display check box.
3. Click OK.
Enabling the Extend desktop function
To enable the Extend desktop function, do the following:
1. Connect the external monitor to the monitor connector; then connect the monitor to an electrical outlet.
2. Turn on the external monitor.
3. Press Fn+F7, then select Extend.
To change the resolution and color quality for each monitor, do the following:
Chapter 2. Using your computer
39
1. Right-click on the desktop, and click Screen resolution.
2. Click the monitor-1 icon (for the primary display, the computer display).
3. Set the resolution for the primary display.
4. Click the monitor-2 icon (for the secondary display, the external display).
5. Set the resolution for the secondary display.
6. Click Advanced settings and set up the color quality on the Monitor tab.
7. Click OK to apply the changes.
Using the NVIDIA Optimus Graphics feature
Some ThinkPad notebook computers support the NVIDIA Optimus Graphics feature.
To achieve the best balance between the computer performance and a long battery life, depending on the
graphics quality demand of the running program and the settings of the power plan you use, the NVIDIA
Optimus Graphics feature automatically switches between High Performance Graphics and Energy Saving
Graphics with no need to restart your computer, close programs, or intervene manually.
Using audio features
Your computer is equipped with the following:
• Combo audio jack, 1/8 inch (3.5 mm) in diameter
• Built-in speakers
• Built-in microphones
Your computer also has an audio chip that enables you to enjoy various multimedia audio features, such
as the following:
• Recording and playback of PCM and WAV files
• Playback of MIDI and MP3 files
• Recording from various sound sources, such as a headset attached
The following table shows which functions of the audio devices attached to the jacks on your computer or
docking station are supported.
Table 3. Audio feature list
Jack
Headset with a 3.5 mm
4-pole plug
Conventional headphone
Conventional microphone
Combo audio jack
Headphone and
microphone functions
supported
Headphone function
supported
Not supported
Headphone jack of the
docking station
Only headphone function
supported
Headphone function
supported
Not supported
Not supported
Microphone function
supported
Microphone function not
supported
Microphone jack of the
docking station
Not supported
To configure the microphone for optimized sound recording, use the Realtek HD Audio Manager program. To
start the program, go to Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound ➙ Realtek HD Audio Manager.
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User Guide
Using an integrated camera
If your computer has an integrated camera, you can use the camera to preview your video image and
take a snapshot of your current image.
To start the camera, do the following:
• For Windows 7: Press Fn+F6 to open the Communications Utility settings window.
• For Windows 8: Press Fn+F6 to start the Lenovo Settings program. Then click Camera.
When the camera is started, the green camera-in-use indicator turns on.
You also can use the integrated camera with other programs that provide features such as photographing,
video capturing, and video conferencing. To use the integrated camera with other programs, open one of the
programs and start the photographing, video capturing, or video conferencing function. Then, the camera
will start automatically and the green camera-in-use indicator will turn on. For more information about using
the camera with a program, refer to the help information system of the program.
Configuring camera settings
You can configure the camera settings to meet your needs, such as adjusting the quality of the video output.
To configure the camera settings, do the following:
• For Windows 7: Press Fn+F6. The Communications Utility settings window opens. Click the Manage
Settings button and configure the camera settings as desired.
• For Windows 8, do one of the following:
– Configure the camera settings directly from the program that is using the camera. For details, see the
help information system of the program.
– Click Lenovo Settings from the Start screen. Then click Camera. Follow the instructions on the
screen to configure the camera settings as desired.
Using the optical drive
Your computer supports DVD-ROM Drive and MultiBurner Drive.
DVD-ROM Drive
This drive can read DVD-ROM discs and all types of CDs, such as CD-ROM discs, CD-RW discs, CD-R
discs, and audio CDs. This drive has no recording capability.
MultiBurner drive
This drive can read DVD-ROM discs, DVD-R discs, DVD-RAM discs, DVD-RW discs, and all types of CDs,
such as CD-ROM discs, CD-RW discs, CD-R discs, and audio CDs. In addition, it can record on DVD-R
discs, DVD-RW discs, type II DVD-RAM discs, CD-RW standard and high speed discs, and CD-R discs.
Using an ExpressCard, a flash media card, or a smart card
Depending on the model, your computer might have an ExpressCard slot for a 34 mm-wide card, a media
card reader slot, or a smart card reader slot.
If your computer has a media card reader slot, it supports the following cards:
• SD card
• SDHC card
Chapter 2. Using your computer
41
• SDXC card
• MultiMediaCard
Notes:
• Your computer does not support the CPRM feature for SD cards.
• While transferring data to or from a flash media card, such as an SD card, do not put your computer into
sleep or hibernation mode before the data transfer is complete; otherwise, your data could become
damaged.
Installing an ExpressCard, a flash media card, or a smart card
Attention: Before you start installing a card, touch a metal table or a grounded metal object. This action
reduces any static electricity from your body. The static electricity could damage the card.
To install a card, do the following:
1. Locate the appropriate type of slot for your card. See “Locating computer controls, connectors, and
indicators” on page 1.
2. Make sure that the card is correctly oriented:
• For ExpressCard: The notched edge of the card is facing upward and pointing toward to the card slot.
• For flash media card: The metal contacts are facing downward and pointing toward the card slot.
• For smart card: The metal contacts are facing upward and pointing toward the card slot.
3. Press the card firmly into the card slot.
If the plug-and-play feature is not enabled for the installed ExpressCard, flash media card, or smart card,
do the following to enable the feature:
1. Open Control Panel.
2. Click Hardware and Sound.
3. Click Device Manager. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the
password or provide confirmation.
4. From the Action menu, select Add legacy hardware. The Add Hardware Wizard starts.
5. Follow the instructions on the screen.
Removing an ExpressCard, a flash media card, or a smart card
Attention: Before removing a card, stop the card first. Otherwise, data on the card might be corrupted or lost.
To remove a card, do the following:
1. Click the triangular icon in the Windows notification area to show hidden icons. Then, right-click the
Safely Remove Hardware and Eject Media icon.
2. Select the item you want to remove to stop the card.
3. Press the card to eject it from your computer.
4. Remove the card and store it safely for future use.
Note: If you do not remove the card from your computer after you eject the card from the Windows operating
system, the card can no longer be accessed. To access the card, you must remove it first, then insert it again.
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User Guide
Chapter 3. You and your computer
This chapter provides information about accessibility, comfort, and travelling with your computer.
Accessibility and comfort
Good ergonomic practice is important to get the most from your personal computer and to avoid discomfort.
Arrange your workplace and the equipment you use to suit your individual needs and the kind of work
that you perform. In addition, use healthy work habits to maximize your performance and comfort while
using your computer.
The following topics provide information about arranging your work area, setting up your computer
equipment, and establishing healthy work habits.
Lenovo is committed to providing the latest information and technology to our customers with disabilities.
Refer to our accessibility information which outlines our efforts in this area.
Ergonomic information
Working in the virtual office might mean adapting to frequent changes in your environment. Following some
simple rules will make things easier and bring you the maximum benefits of your computer. Keeping in mind
such basics as good lighting and proper seating, for example, can help you improve your performance
and achieve greater comfort.
This example shows someone in a conventional setting. Even when not in such a setting, you can follow
many of these tips. Develop good habits, and they will serve you well.
General posture: Make minor modifications in your working posture to deter the onset of discomfort
caused by long periods of working in the same position. Frequent, short breaks from your work also help
to prevent minor discomfort associated with your working posture.
Display: Position the display to maintain a comfortable viewing distance of 510-760 mm (20-30 inches).
Avoid glare or reflections on the display from overhead lighting or outside sources of light. Keep the display
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
43
screen clean and set the brightness to levels that enable you to see the screen clearly. Press Fn+F8
or Fn+F9 to adjust display brightness.
Head position: Keep your head and neck in a comfortable and neutral (vertical, or upright) position.
Chair: Use a chair that gives you good back support and seat height adjustment. Use chair adjustments to
best suit your desired posture.
Arm and hand position: If available, use chair arm rests or an area on your working surface to provide
weight support for your arms. Keep your forearms, wrists, and hands in a relaxed and neutral (horizontal)
position. Type with a soft touch without pounding the keys.
Leg position: Keep your thighs parallel to the floor and your feet flat on the floor or on a footrest.
What if you are traveling?
It might not be possible to observe the best ergonomic practices when you are using your computer
while on the move or in a casual setting. Regardless of the setting, try to observe as many of the tips as
possible. Sitting properly and using adequate lighting, for example, will help you maintain desirable levels
of comfort and performance.
Questions about vision?
The visual display screens of ThinkPad notebook computers are designed to meet the highest standards
and to provide you with clear, crisp images and large, bright displays that are easy to see, yet easy on the
eyes. Of course, any concentrated and sustained visual activity can be tiring. If you have questions on eye
fatigue or visual discomfort, consult a vision care specialist for advice.
Comfort
Observe the following guidelines to achieve greater comfort and improve performance.
Active sitting and rest breaks: The longer you sit and work with your computer, the more important it is to
observe your working posture. Follow “Ergonomic information” on page 43 and practice “active sitting” to
avoid discomfort associated with your working postures. Making minor voluntary postural changes and
taking short frequent work breaks are the key ingredients for healthy computing. Your computer is light and
mobile; you can easily reposition your working surface to accommodate many posture modifications.
Work area setup options: Familiarize yourself with all of your office furniture so that you know how to
adjust your work surface, seat, and other work tools to accommodate your preferences for comfort.
If your work area is not in an office setting, be sure to take special note of employing active sitting
and taking work breaks. Many ThinkPad product solutions are available to help you modify and expand
your computer to best suit your needs. Access the following Web site to view some of these options:
http://www.lenovo.com/accessories/services/index.html. Explore your options for docking solutions and
external products that provide the adjustability and features that you want.
Accessibility information
Lenovo is committed to providing people with disabilities greater access to information and technology.
As a result, the following information provides ways to help users that have hearing, vision, and mobility
limitations get the most out of their computer experience.
Assistive technologies enable users to access information in the most appropriate way. Some of these
technologies are already provided in your operating system. Others can be purchased through vendors, or
accessed through the World Wide Web http://www.lenovo.com/healthycomputing.
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Assistive technologies
Some accessibility technologies are available through the Accessibility Options program. Depending
on your operating system, the number of accessibility options available varies. In general, accessibility
options enhance the way users with hearing, vision, or mobility limitations navigate and use their computer.
For example, some users might not have the fine motor skills required to use a mouse or select key
combinations. Other users might require larger fonts or high-contrast display modes. In some cases,
magnifiers and built-in speech synthesizers are available. For detailed information about each of these
features, consult the Microsoft help information system.
To use the Accessibility Options program, open Control Panel and click Ease of Access ➙ Ease of
Access Center.
Screen-reader technologies
Screen-reader technologies are primarily focused on software program interfaces, help information systems,
and a variety of online documents. However, in the case where a screen reader cannot read documents,
the document must first go through a conversion process. One solution converts Adobe PDF files into a
format that is read by the screen-reader programs. This solution is a Web-based service provided by Adobe
Systems Incorporated. Through http://access.adobe.com, Adobe PDF documents can be converted to
HTML or plain text in many languages. One conversion option converts PDF documents on the Internet. A
second option enables users to submit the URL of an Adobe PDF file through e-mail to convert it to HTML or
ASCII text. Adobe PDF files on a local hard disk drive, local CD-ROM, or LAN also can be converted by
attaching the Adobe PDF file to an e-mail message.
Traveling with your computer
This topic provides information to help you work with your computer when you are travelling.
Travel tips
Use the following travel tips to travel more confidently and efficiently with your computer.
• Although it is safe to allow your computer to go through the x-ray machines at airport security stations, it
is important to keep your eyes on the computer at all times to prevent theft.
• Consider bringing an electrical adapter for use in an airplane or automobile.
• If you carry an ac power adapter, detach the ac cord from it to avoid damaging the cord.
Travel tips on airplanes
If you carry your computer into an airplane, take note of the following tips:
• If you intend to use your computer or wireless services (such as Internet and Bluetooth), check with the
airline for restrictions and availability of services before boarding the airplane. If there are restrictions
on the use of computers with wireless features on the airplane, you must abide by those restrictions. If
necessary, disable wireless features before boarding.
• Be careful about the seat in front of you on airplanes. Angle your computer display so that it does not get
caught when the person in front of you leans back.
• When taking off, remember to turn off your computer or put it into hibernation mode.
Travel accessories
The following is a checklist of items to consider packing when you are going to travel:
• ThinkPad ac power adapter
• ThinkPad AC/DC Combo Adapter
Chapter 3. You and your computer
45
• External mouse, if you are accustomed to using one
• Ethernet cable
• Extra battery, charged
• A quality carrying case that provides adequate cushion and protection
• External storage device
If you are traveling to another country, you might want to consider taking an ac power adapter for the
country to which you are travelling.
To purchase travel accessories, go to http://www.lenovo.com/accessories.
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Chapter 4. Security
This chapter provides information about how to protect your computer from theft and unauthorized use.
•
“Attaching a mechanical lock” on page 47
•
“Using passwords” on page 47
•
“Hard disk security” on page 52
•
“Setting the security chip” on page 53
•
“Using the fingerprint reader” on page 54
•
“Notice on deleting data from your hard disk drive or solid state drive” on page 57
•
“Using and understanding firewalls” on page 58
•
“Protecting data against viruses ” on page 58
Attaching a mechanical lock
You can attach a mechanical lock to your computer, to help prevent it from being removed without your
permission.
Attach a mechanical lock to the keyhole of the computer; then secure the chain on the lock to a stationary
object. Refer to the instructions shipped with the mechanical lock.
Note: You are responsible for evaluating, selecting, and implementing the locking device and security
feature. Lenovo makes no comments, judgments, or warranties about the function, quality, or performance
of the locking device and security feature.
Using passwords
By using passwords, you can help prevent your computer from being used by others. Once you set a
password, a prompt is displayed on the screen each time you turn on the computer. Enter your password at
the prompt. You cannot use the computer unless you type the correct password.
Passwords and sleep mode
If you have set a Windows password and you put your computer into sleep mode, the procedure for
resuming operation is as follows:
• You are not prompted to type the password when resuming operation.
• If any hard disk drive or the solid state drive has a hard disk password, it is unlocked automatically
when you resume operation.
Typing passwords
If this icon is displayed, type a power-on password or a supervisor password.
If this icon is displayed, type a user hard disk password. If you want to type a master hard disk
password, do the following:
1. Press F1. The icon changes to this:
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
47
2. Type the master hard disk password.
Note: To return to the icon
, press F1 again.
If this icon is displayed, type a supervisor password.
Power-on password
You can set a power-on password to help protect your computer against access by unauthorized users.
If you set a power-on password, the password prompt is displayed on the screen whenever you turn on the
computer. You must enter the correct password to start using the computer.
Setting a power-on password
1. Print these instructions.
2. Save all open files, and exit all applications.
3. Turn your computer off and then turn it on again.
4. When the logo screen is displayed, press F1. The ThinkPad Setup program main menu opens.
5. Select Security, using the cursor directional keys to move down the menu.
6. Select Password.
7. Select Power-on Password.
8. Choose your power-on password, and type it within the brackets in the Enter New Password field.
9. Press Enter once to move to the next line. Retype the password you just entered, to verify it.
10. Commit your password to memory.
Note: You might want to record your password and store it in a safe place. Otherwise, if you forget it,
you have to take your computer to a Lenovo reseller or a marketing representative to have the password
canceled.
11. Press F10 to exit.
12. Select Yes in the Setup Confirmation window.
Changing or removing the power-on password
To change the power-on password, follow steps 1 through 7. Enter your current password. When the Enter
New Password field is displayed, type a new password in the field and then retype it to verify. To remove
the password, follow steps 1 through 7. Type your current password. When the Enter New Password field
is displayed, leave it blank and press Enter twice.
Hard disk passwords
Two types of hard disk passwords help protect the information stored on the hard disk drive:
• User hard disk password
• Master hard disk password, which requires a user hard disk password
If a user hard disk password has been set, but no master hard disk password has been, the user must enter
the user hard disk password in order to gain access to files and applications on the hard disk drive.
The master password can be set and used only by a system administrator. Like a master key, it enables the
administrator to get access to any hard disk drive in a system. The administrator sets the master password;
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User Guide
no one else knows it. Then the administrator sets a user password for each computer in the network, and
tells each user the password for his or her computer. The user can then change the user password as
desired, but the administrator still can get access by using the master password.
Note: When a master hard disk password is set, only the administrator can remove the user hard disk
password.
Setting a hard disk password
1. Print these instructions.
2. Save all open files, and exit all applications.
3. Turn your computer off and then on again.
4. When the logo screen is displayed, press F1. The ThinkPad Setup program main menu opens.
5. Select Security, using the cursor directional keys to move down the menu.
6. Select Password.
7. Select Hard Disk 1 Password.
8. A password window opens. You are prompted to select User or User + Master. Select User if you
want to set only one hard disk password. If you are an administrator or supervisor, you can select User
+ Master to set two passwords. (The user can change the user password later.)
• If you select User + Master, do the following:
a. When a window for typing the new user hard disk password opens, type your new password
in the Enter New Password field.
b. Press Enter once to move to the next line. Retype the password you just entered to verify it.
c. A message window opens and prompts you to set the master hard disk password. Click Continue.
d. A window for typing the new master hard disk password opens. Type your new password in the
Enter New Password field.
e. Press Enter once to move to the next line. Retype the password you just entered to verify it.
• If you select User only, do the following:
a. When a window for typing the new password opens, type your new password in the Enter New
Password field.
Notes:
– You can set the minimum length of a hard disk password through the Security menu.
– If you set a hard disk password of over seven characters, the hard disk drive can be used only
with a computer that can recognize a hard disk password of over seven characters. If you then
install the hard disk drive in a computer that cannot recognize a hard disk password that
contains more than seven characters, you cannot get access to the drive.
b. Press Enter once to move to the next line. Retype the password you just entered to verify it.
9. Commit any password to memory.
Attention: You might want to note down your passwords and keep them in a safe place. Otherwise, if
you forget the user password, or both user and master passwords, Lenovo cannot reset your passwords
or recover data from the hard disk drive. You must take your computer to a Lenovo reseller or a
marketing representative to have the hard disk drive replaced. Proof of purchase is required, and a fee
will be charged for parts and service.
10. Press F10 to exit. In the Setup Notice window, select Yes.
The next time you turn on your computer, you will have to type the user or master hard disk password in
order to start your computer and get access to your operating system.
Chapter 4. Security
49
Changing or removing a hard disk password
Follow steps 1 through 7 in “Setting a hard disk password” on page 49, typing your password to get access
to the ThinkPad Setup program.
To change or remove the user hard disk password, do the following:
• To change the hard disk password, type the current password in the Enter Current Password field. Then
type the new password in the Enter New Password field, and retype the password you just entered to
verify it in the Confirm New Password field. Press Enter, and a Setup Notice window is displayed. Press
Enter to exit from the Setup Notice window. The user hard disk password will be changed.
• To remove the hard disk password, type the current password in the Enter Current Password field. Then
leave the Enter New Password and Confirm New Password fields blank, and press Enter. A Setup
Notice window is displayed. Press Enter to exit from the Setup Notice window. The user hard disk
password will be removed.
To change or remove the User + Master hard disk passwords, select User HDP or Master HDP.
If you choose User HDP, do the following:
• To change the user hard disk password, type the current user hard disk password or the current master
hard disk password in the Enter Current Password field. Then type the new user hard disk password in
the Enter New Password field, and retype the password you just entered to verify it in the Confirm New
Password field. Press Enter, and a Setup Notice window is displayed. Press Enter to exit from the Setup
Notice window. The user hard disk password is changed.
• To remove the user hard disk password, type the current master hard disk password in the Enter Current
Password field. Then leave the Enter New Password and Confirm New Password fields blank, and
press Enter. A Setup Notice window is displayed. Press Enter to exit from the Setup Notice window. Both
the user and master hard disk passwords will be removed.
If you choose Master HDP, do the following:
• To change the master hard disk password, type the current master hard disk password in the Enter
Current Password field. Then type the new master hard disk password in the Enter New Password
field, and retype the password you just entered to verify it in the Confirm New Password field. Press
Enter, and a Setup Notice window is displayed. Press Enter to exit from the Setup Notice window. The
master hard disk password is changed.
• To remove the master hard disk password, type the current master hard disk password in the Enter
Current Password field. Then leave the Enter New Password and Confirm New Password fields blank,
and press Enter. A Setup Notice window is displayed. Press Enter to exit from the Setup Notice window.
Both the user and master hard disk passwords will be removed.
Supervisor password
The supervisor password protects the system information stored in ThinkPad Setup. Without it, no one can
change the configuration of the computer. It provides the following security features:
• If a supervisor password is set, a password prompt is displayed when you try to start the ThinkPad Setup
program. Unauthorized users cannot get access to configuration data.
• The system administrator can use the supervisor password to get access to a computer even if the user of
that computer has set a power-on password. The supervisor password overrides the power-on password.
• If both a supervisor password and a power-on password are set, you can do the following only if you
have the supervisor password:
– Deleting the power-on password
– Changing or deleting the supervisor password
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– Enabling or disabling the Wake on LAN and Flash over LAN features
– Enabling or disabling the Internal Network Option ROM feature
– Changing date and time
– Enabling or disabling the Lock UEFI BIOS Settings feature
– Enabling or disabling the Password at unattended boot feature
– Specifying the minimum length for power-on passwords and hard disk passwords
– Changing the setting for the security chip
– Enabling or disabling the Boot Device List F12 Option feature
– Enabling or disabling the Boot Order Lock feature
– Enabling or disabling the Flash BIOS Updating by End-Users feature
– Enabling or disabling the internal network device
– Enabling or disabling the internal wireless device
– Enabling or disabling the internal Bluetooth device
– Enabling or disabling the internal wireless WAN device
– Enabling or disabling the Security mode
– Enabling or disabling the fingerprint reader priority
– Erasing the fingerprint data
Notes:
• The system administrator can set the same supervisor password on many ThinkPad notebook computers
to make administration easier.
• By enabling the Lock UEFI BIOS Settings feature on the Password menu when you set the supervisor
password, you make it impossible for anyone but you to make changes.
Setting, changing, or removing a supervisor password
Only a system administrator can set, change, or remove a supervisor password.
To set, change, or remove a supervisor password, do the following:
1. Print these instructions.
2. Save all open files, and exit all applications.
3. Turn your computer off and then turn it on again.
4. When the logo screen is displayed, press F1. The ThinkPad Setup program main menu opens.
5. Select Security, using the cursor directional keys to move down the menu.
6. Select Password.
7. Select Supervisor Password.
8. A window opens, prompting you to enter a new password. Depending on your needs, do one of the
following:
• To set a password, do the following:
a. Choose your supervisor password and type it in the Enter New Password field; then press Enter.
b. Press Enter to move to the next line. Retype the password you just entered to verify it.
• To change a password, do the following:
a. In the Enter Current Password field, type the current supervisor password.
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51
b. In the Enter New Password field, type the new supervisor password; then retype the password
you just entered to verify it in the Confirm New Password field.
• To remove a password, do the following:
a. In the Enter Current Password field, type the current supervisor password.
b. Leave the Enter New Password and Confirm New Password fields blank.
9. Commit your password to memory and press Enter. A Setup Notice window is displayed.
Attention: You might want to note down your password and keep it in a safe place. If you forget your
supervisor password, Lenovo cannot reset your password. You must take your computer to a Lenovo
reseller or a Lenovo marketing representative to have the system board replaced. Proof of purchase is
required, and a fee will be charged for parts and service.
10. Press Enter to exit from the Setup Notice window.
The next time you open the ThinkPad Setup program, you will be prompted to type your password to proceed.
Hard disk security
To protect passwords from unauthorized security attacks, several of the latest technologies and algorithms
are integrated into UEFI BIOS and hardware design of ThinkPad notebook computers.
To maximize security, do the following:
1. Set a power-on password as well as a hard disk password for your internal solid state drive or hard disk
drive. Refer to the procedures in “Using passwords” on page 47. For security, a longer password is
recommended.
2. To provide reliable security for UEFI BIOS, use the security chip and a security program with a Trusted
Platform Module management feature. Refer to “Setting the security chip” on page 53.
Note: The Microsoft Windows 7 and Windows 8 operating system support the TPM management
feature.
3. If a hard disk drive or solid state drive with encryption technology is installed in your computer, be sure
to protect the contents of your computer memory from unauthorized access by use of drive encryption
software, such as Microsoft Windows BitLocker® Drive Encryption, which is supported in the Ultimate
and Enterprise editions of the Windows 7 operating system and Windows 8 operating system. See
“Using Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption” on page 52.
4. Before you dispose of, sell, or hand over your computer, be sure to delete data stored on it. See “Notice
on deleting data from your hard disk drive or solid state drive” on page 57.
Notes: The following drives can be protected by UEFI BIOS:
• The hard disk drive built into your computer.
• The hard disk drive installed in a Serial Ultrabay Slim bay.
Using Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption
To help protect your computer against unauthorized access, be sure to use drive encryption software, such
as Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption.
Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption is an integral security feature of Windows 7 and and Windows 8
operating systems. It is supported in the Ultimate and Enterprise editions of the Windows 7 operating
system and Windows 8 operating system. It can help you protect the operating system and data stored
on your computer, even if your computer is lost or stolen. BitLocker works by encrypting all user and
system files, including the swap and hibernation files.
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BitLocker uses a Trusted Platform Module to provide enhanced protection for your data and to ensure early
boot component integrity. A compatible TPM is defined as a V1.2 TPM.
To check the BitLocker status, go to Control Panel and click System and Security ➙ BitLocker Drive
Encryption.
For details about Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption, see the help information system of the Windows
operating system, or search for “Microsoft Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption Step-by-Step Guide” on
the Microsoft Web site.
Setting the security chip
Strict security requirements are imposed on network client computers that transfer confidential information
electronically. Depending on the options you ordered, your computer might have an embedded security chip,
a cryptographic microprocessor. With the security chip and Client Security Solution, you can do the following:
• Protect your data and system
• Strengthen access controls
• Secure communications
Setting the security chip
The choices offered on the Security Chip submenu under the Security menu of ThinkPad Setup are as
follows:
• Security Chip: activate, inactivate, or disable the security chip.
• Security Reporting Options: enable or disable each security reporting option.
• Clear Security Chip: clear the encryption key.
Notes:
• Be sure that the supervisor password has been set in ThinkPad Setup. Otherwise anyone can change the
settings for the security chip.
• If you are using Client Security Solution, handle the security chip by doing the following:
– Do not clear the security chip. If you do, the functions assigned to the keys will be erased.
– Do not disable the security chip. If you do, Client Security Solution will not work.
• If the security chip is removed or replaced, or a new one has been added, the computer will not start. You
will hear four cycles of four beeps each.
• If the security chip is inactive or disabled, the Clear Security Chip option will not be displayed.
• When you clear the security chip, be sure to turn your computer off and then turn it on again after you set
the security chip to Active. Otherwise, the Clear Security Chip option is not displayed.
To set an item on the Security Chip submenu, do the following:
1. Print these instructions.
2. Save all open files, and exit all programs.
3. Turn your computer off and then turn it on again.
4. When the logo screen is displayed, press F1. The ThinkPad Setup program main menu opens.
5. Using the cursor keys, move to Security. The Security menu opens.
6. Using the cursor keys, move to Security Chip, and press Enter. The Security Chip submenu opens.
7. Using the cursor keys, move to an item you want to set. When the item is highlighted, press Enter.
Chapter 4. Security
53
8. Set other items that you want to set.
9. Press F10 to save changes and exit.
10. Press Enter in the Setup Confirmation window to confirm the exit.
To set the security chip, you have to start Client Security Solution, and follow the instructions on the screen.
Note: Client Security Solution is not preinstalled on Windows 7 and Windows 8 models. To configure
the security chip, you need to download the latest version of Client Security Solution from the Lenovo
Web site. To download Client Security Solution, go to http://www.lenovo.com/support. Then follow the
instructions on the screen.
Using the fingerprint reader
Depending on the options you ordered, your computer might have an integrated fingerprint reader. By
enrolling your fingerprint and associating it with a power-on password, a hard disk password, or both
passwords beforehand, you can start the computer, log on to the system, and enter the ThinkPad Setup by
swiping your finger over the reader, without typing a password. Thus fingerprint authentication can replace
passwords and enable simple and secure user access.
Enrolling your fingerprint
1. Turn on your computer.
2. To start Lenovo Fingerprint software, refer to “Lenovo programs” on page 14.
3. Follow the instructions on the screen to enroll your fingerprint. For details, refer to the help information
system of the program.
LED behavior of the fingerprint reader
Table 4. LED behavior list_fingerprint reader
LED behavior
Description
Steady green
The fingerprint reader is ready to swipe.
Blinking green once
The fingerprint is being authenticated or has been authenticated.
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User Guide
Table 4. LED behavior list_fingerprint reader (continued)
LED behavior
Description
Blinking green
The fingerprint reader is ready to swipe in power-on authentication state.
Blinking amber
The fingerprint could not be authenticated.
Steady amber for 15 seconds
The power-on authentication feature is disabled after three bad fingerprint swipes.
Swiping your finger over the reader
To swipe your finger over the reader, place the ball of your finger, that is, the central part of the fingerprint, on
the small circle above the reader. Make sure that the entire top joint of the finger is on the reader. Then Apply
light pressure and swipe your finger across the reader in one smooth motion.
Logging on to the system
After you enroll your fingerprint, log on to the system by doing the following:
1. Set a power-on password or a hard disk password, or both.
2. Turn your computer off and then on again.
3. When prompted, swipe your finger over the reader.
4. On request, type your power-on password, your hard disk password, or both. The enrolled fingerprint is
now associated with your power-on password, your hard disk password, or both.
The next time you start the computer, you can log on to the system by swiping your finger over the
reader once.
Attention: If you always use your fingerprint to log on to the system, you might forget your password. Write
down your password, and keep it in a safe place. If you forget it and for some reason you cannot swipe
your finger across the reader, for example, if you injure that finger, you cannot start the computer or change
the password.If you forget your power-on password, you must take your computer to a Lenovo authorized
servicer or a marketing representative to have the password canceled.
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If you forget your hard disk password, Lenovo cannot reset your password or recover data from the hard
disk. You must take your computer to a Lenovo authorized servicer or a marketing representative to have the
hard disk drive replaced. Proof of purchase is required, and a fee will be charged for parts and service.
Setting the fingerprint reader
If you want to change the settings of the fingerprint reader, follow the procedure below.
The fingerprint submenu under the Security menu of the ThinkPad Setup offers the following choices:
• Predesktop Authentication: Enable or disable fingerprint authentication before the operating system
is loaded.
• Reader Priority: Define the priority for fingerprint readers if an external fingerprint reader is attached.
• Security Mode: Specify the settings of the security mode.
• Password Authentication: Enable or disable password authentication.
Note: This item appears if High security mode is selected.
• Reset Fingerprint Data: By choosing this item, you can erase all of the fingerprint data stored in either
the internal or external fingerprint reader.
To set an item in the fingerprint submenu:
1. Print these instructions. To configure the fingerprint reader, you must turn your computer off and
then on again.
2. Save all open files, and exit all programs.
3. Turn your computer off and then on again.
4. When the logo screen is displayed, press F1. The ThinkPad Setup opens.
5. Using the cursor keys, move to Security, and press Enter. The Security menu opens.
6. Using the cursor keys, move to Fingerprint, and press Enter. The Fingerprint submenu opens.
7. Using the cursor keys, move to an item you want to set. When that item is highlighted, press Enter.
8. Set the items you want to set.
9. Press F10 to exit.
10. In the Setup Confirmation window, select Yes.
Care for the fingerprint reader
The following actions could damage the fingerprint reader or cause it not to work properly:
• Scratching the surface of the reader with a hard, pointed object.
• Scraping the surface of the reader with your fingernail or anything hard.
• Using or touching the reader with a dirty finger.
If you notice any of the following conditions, gently clean the surface of the reader with a dry, soft, lint-free
cloth:
• The surface of the reader is dirty or stained.
• The surface of the reader is wet.
• The reader often fails to enroll or authenticate your fingerprint.
If your finger has any of the following conditions, you might not be able to register or authenticate it:
• Your finger is wrinkled.
• Your finger is rough, dry, or injured.
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• Your finger is very dry.
• Your finger is stained with dirt, mud, or oil.
• The surface of your finger is very different from when you enrolled your fingerprint.
• Your finger is wet.
• A finger is used that has not been enrolled.
To improve the situation, try the following:
• Clean or wipe your hands to remove any excess dirt or moisture from the fingers.
• Enroll and use a different finger for authentication.
• If your hands are too dry, apply lotion to them.
Notice on deleting data from your hard disk drive or solid state drive
As computers spread into every corner of life, they process more and more information. The data on your
computer, some of which might be sensitive, is stored on a hard disk drive. Before you dispose of, sell, or
hand over your computer, be sure to delete data stored on it.
Handing your computer over to someone else without deleting the loaded software, such as operating
systems and program, might even violate license agreements. You are advised to check the terms and
conditions of those license agreements.
There are methods that seem to delete the data:
• Move the data to the recycle bin, and then empty the recycle bin.
• Use the Delete option.
• Format your hard disk drive, using the software for initializing it.
• Using the recovery program to set the hard disk drive back to the factory default settings.
These operations, however, only change the file allocation of the data, they do not delete the data itself. In
other words, the data retrieval processing is disabled under an operating system such as Windows. The
data is still there, even though it seems to be lost. Thus, it is sometimes possible to read the data by use of
special software for data recovery. There is a risk that people of bad faith might read and misuse the critical
data on hard disk drives for unexpected purposes.
To prevent leakage of data, it becomes very important that you take responsibility for deleting all the data
from the hard disk drive when you dispose of, sell, or hand over your computer. You can destroy the data
physically by smashing the hard disk drive with a hammer, or magnetically by means of strong magnetic
power, thus making the data unreadable. But we recommend that you make use of the software (payware) or
service (pay service) specifically developed for the purpose.
For disposing of data on the hard disk drive, Lenovo provides the Secure Data Disposal™ tool. To download
either program, go tohttp://www.lenovo.com/support.
Note: Running the program will take a couple of hours.
If a hard disk drive or solid state drive with encryption technology is installed in your computer, you can
logically dispose of all the data on the drive in a very short time by erasing the cryptographic key. The
data encrypted with the old key is not physically erased but remains on the drive; however, it cannot be
decrypted without the old key. This feature is enabled by ThinkPad Setup Menu Extension Utility and is
available as a menu item in ThinkPad Setup.
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Using and understanding firewalls
If your system is preinstalled with a firewall program, it protects against computer Internet security threats,
unauthorized access, intrusions, and Internet attacks. It also protects your privacy.
For more information about how to use the firewall program, refer to the on-line help that comes with
the program.
Protecting data against viruses
Your computer preinstalled with an antivirus program so you can detect and eliminate viruses. The antivirus
program is designed to help you detect and eliminate viruses.
Lenovo provides a full version of antivirus software on your computer with a free 30-day subscription. After
30 days, you must renew the license to continue receiving the antivirus software updates.
For more information about how to use your antivirus software, refer to the help system of your antivirus
software.
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Chapter 5. Recovery overview
This chapter provides information about the recovery solutions on computers preinstalled with the Windows
7 operating system or the Windows 8 operating system.
This chapter contains the following items:
•
“Recovery overview for Windows 7 models” on page 59
•
“Recovery overview for Windows 8 models” on page 64
Recovery overview for Windows 7 models
This section provides information about the recovery solutions provided by Lenovo on computers
preinstalled with the Windows 7 operating system .
Notes:
• There are a variety of methods to choose from when considering how to recover in the event of a softwareor hardware-related problem. Some methods vary depending on the type of your operating system.
• The product on the recovery media might be used only for the following purposes:
– Restore the product preinstalled on your computer
– Reinstall the product
– Modify the product using the Additional Files
Notes: To prevent potential performance risks or unexpected behavior that might be caused by the new
hard disk drive technology, it is recommended that you use one of the following back-up software programs:
• ThinkVantage Rescue and Recovery version 4.3 or later
• Symantec Norton Ghost version 15 or later
Notes: To use this program, do the following:
1. Click Start ➙ Run. The Run window opens.
2. Type cmd in the field. Then click OK.
3. Type ghost -align=1mb and press Enter.
• Acronis True Image 2010 or later
• Paragon Backup & Recovery 10 Suit or later, Paragon Backup & Recovery 10 Home or later
Creating and using a recovery media
You can use recovery media to restore the hard disk drive to the factory default settings. Recovery media
are useful if you transfer the computer to another area, sell the computer, recycle the computer, or put the
computer in an operational state after all other methods of recovery have failed. As a precautionary measure,
it is important to create recovery media as early as possible.
Note: The recovery operations you can perform using recovery media vary depending on the operating
system from which the recovery media were created. The recovery media might contain a boot medium
and a data medium. Your Microsoft Windows license permits you to create only one data medium, so it is
important that you store the recovery media in a safe place after you have made them.
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
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Creating recovery media
Note: On the Windows 7 operating system, you can create recovery media using discs or external USB
storage devices.
To create recovery media on the Windows 7 operating system, click Start ➙ All Programs ➙ Lenovo
ThinkVantage Tools ➙ Factory Recovery Disks. Then, follow the instructions on the screen.
Using recovery media
On the Windows 7 operating system operating system, you can use recovery media to restore the computer
to the factory default settings only.
Attention: When you use recovery media to restore the computer to the factory default settings, all the files
currently on the hard disk drive will be deleted and replaced by the factory default settings.
To use recovery media on the Windows 7 operating system operating system, do the following:
1. Depending on the type of your recovery media, connect the boot medium (memory key or other USB
storage device) to the computer, or insert the boot disc into the optical drive.
2. Turn off the computer and then turn it on.
3. When ThinkPad logo is displayed, repeatedly press and release the F12 key. When the Boot Menu
window opens, release the F12 key.
4. Select the desired startup device and press Enter. The restore process begins.
5. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the operation.
Notes:
1. After restoring your computer to the factory default settings, you might have to reinstall device drivers
for some devices. See “Reinstalling preinstalled programs and device drivers” on page 63.
2. Some computers come with Microsoft Office or Microsoft Works preinstalled. If you need to recover
or reinstall your Microsoft Office or Microsoft Works applications, you must use the Microsoft Office
CD or Microsoft Works CD. These discs are provided only with computers preinstalled with Microsoft
Office or Microsoft Works.
Performing backup and recovery operations
Use the Rescue and Recovery program to back up all your hard disk drive contents including the operating
system, data files, software programs, and personal settings. You can designate where the Rescue and
Recovery program stores the backup:
• In a protected area of your hard disk drive
• On the secondary hard disk drive if a secondary hard disk drive is installed in your computer
• On an attached external USB hard disk drive
• On a network drive
• On recordable discs (a recordable optical drive is required for this option)
After you have backed up the contents on the hard disk drive, you can restore the complete contents of the
hard disk drive, restore only the selected files, or restore only the Windows operating system and applications.
Performing a backup operation
To perform a backup operation using the Rescue and Recovery program on the Windows 7 operating
system, do the following:
1. From the Windows desktop, click Start ➙ All Programs ➙ Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools ➙ Enhanced
Backup and Restore. The Rescue and Recovery program opens.
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2. In the Rescue and Recovery main window, click the Launch advanced Rescue and Recovery arrow.
3. Click Back up your hard drive and select backup operation options. Then, follow the instructions on
the screen to complete the backup operation.
Performing a recovery operation
To perform a recovery operation using the Rescue and Recovery program on the Windows 7 operating
system, do the following:
1. From the Windows desktop, click Start ➙ All Programs ➙ Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools ➙ Enhanced
Backup and Restore. The Rescue and Recovery program opens.
2. In the Rescue and Recovery main window, click the Launch advanced Rescue and Recovery arrow.
3. Click the Restore your system from a backup icon.
4. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the recovery operation.
For more information about performing a recovery operation from the Rescue and Recovery workspace, see
“Using the Rescue and Recovery workspace” on page 61.
Using the Rescue and Recovery workspace
The Rescue and Recovery workspace resides in a protected, hidden area of your hard disk drive that
operates independently from the Windows operating system. It enables you to perform recovery operations
even if you cannot start the Windows operating system. You can perform the following recovery operations
from the Rescue and Recovery workspace:
• Rescue files from your hard disk drive or from a backup
The Rescue and Recovery workspace enables you to locate files on your hard disk drive and transfer
them to a network drive or other recordable media, such as a USB device or a disc. This solution is
available even if you did not back up your files or if changes were made to the files since your last backup
operation. You also can rescue individual files from a Rescue and Recovery backup located on your local
hard disk drive, a USB device, or a network drive.
• Restore your hard disk drive from a Rescue and Recovery backup
If you have backed up your hard disk drive using the Rescue and Recovery program, you can restore the
hard disk drive from a Rescue and Recovery backup, even if you cannot start the Windows operating
system.
• Restore your hard disk drive to the factory default settings
The Rescue and Recovery workspace enables you to restore the complete contents of your hard disk drive
to the factory default settings. If you have multiple partitions on your hard disk drive, you have the option
to restore the factory default settings to the C: partition and leave the other partitions intact. Because the
Rescue and Recovery workspace operates independently from the Windows operating system, you can
restore the factory default settings even if you cannot start the Windows operating system.
Attention: If you restore the hard disk drive from a Rescue and Recovery backup or restore the hard disk
drive to the factory default settings, all files on the primary hard disk drive partition (usually drive C:) will be
deleted in the recovery process. If possible, make copies of important files. If you are unable to start the
Windows operating system, you can use the rescue files feature of the Rescue and Recovery workspace to
copy files from your hard disk drive to other media.
To start the Rescue and Recovery workspace, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer and then turn it on.
2. When the ThinkPad logo is displayed, press the black button or repeatedly press and release the F11 key.
3. If you have set a Rescue and Recovery password, type your password when prompted. The Rescue
and Recovery workspace opens after a short delay.
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Note: If the Rescue and Recovery workspace fails to open, see “Solving recovery problems” on page 64.
4. Do one of the following:
• To rescue files from your hard disk drive or from a backup, click Rescue files and follow the
instructions on the screen.
• To restore your hard disk drive from a Rescue and Recovery backup or to restore your hard disk drive
to the factory default settings, click Restore your system and follow the instructions on the screen.
For more information about the features of the Rescue and Recovery workspace, click Help.
Notes:
1. After restoring your hard disk drive to the factory default settings, you might have to reinstall device
drivers for some devices. See “Reinstalling preinstalled programs and device drivers” on page 63.
2. Some computers come with Microsoft Office or Microsoft Works preinstalled. If you need to recover
or reinstall your Microsoft Office or Microsoft Works applications, you must use the Microsoft Office
CD or Microsoft Works CD. These discs are provided only with computers preinstalled with Microsoft
Office or Microsoft Works.
Creating and using a rescue medium
With a rescue medium, such as a disc or a USB hard disk drive, you can recover the computer from failures
that prevent you from gaining access to the Rescue and Recovery workspace on your hard disk drive.
Notes:
1. The recovery operations you can perform using a rescue medium vary depending on the operating
system.
2. The rescue disc can be started in all types of optical drives.
Creating a rescue medium
To create a rescue medium on the Windows 7 operating system, do the following:
1. From the Windows desktop, click Start ➙ All Programs ➙ Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools ➙ Enhanced
Backup and Restore. The Rescue and Recovery program opens.
2. In the Rescue and Recovery main window, click the Launch advanced Rescue and Recovery arrow.
3. Click the Create Rescue Media icon. The Create Rescue and Recovery Media window opens.
4. In the Rescue Media area, select the type of the rescue medium you want to create. You can create a
rescue medium using a disc, a USB hard disk drive, or a secondary internal hard disk drive.
5. Click OK and follow the instructions on the screen to create a rescue medium.
Using a rescue medium
This section provides instructions on how to use the rescue medium you have created.
• If you have created a rescue medium using a disc, use the following instructions to use the rescue medium:
1. Turn off your computer.
2. Repeatedly press and release the F12 key when turning on the computer. When the Boot Menu
window is displayed, release the F12 key.
3. In the Boot Menu window, select the desired optical drive as the first boot device. Then, insert the
rescue disc into the optical drive and press Enter. The rescue medium starts.
• If you have created a rescue medium using a USB hard disk drive, use the following instructions to
use the rescue medium:
1. Attach the USB hard disk drive to your computer.
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2. Repeatedly press and release the F12 key when turning on the computer. When the Boot Menu
window opens, release the F12 key.
3. In the Boot Menu window, select the USB hard disk drive as the first boot device and press Enter.
The rescue medium starts.
• If you have created a rescue medium using the secondary internal hard disk drive, set the secondary
internal hard disk drive as the first boot device in the startup device sequence to start the rescue medium.
Note: If you want to install a secondary hard disk drive, see “Using the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay”
on page 97.
When the rescue medium starts, the Rescue and Recovery workspace opens. The help information for
each feature is available from the Rescue and Recovery workspace. Follow the instructions to complete
the recovery process.
Reinstalling preinstalled programs and device drivers
Your computer has provisions that enable you to reinstall selected factory-installed programs and device
drivers.
Reinstalling a preinstalled program
To reinstall a preinstalled program, do the following:
1. Turn on your computer.
2. Go to the C:\SWTOOLS directory.
3. Open the APPS folder. In it are several subfolders named for the various preinstalled programs.
4. Open the subfolder for the application you are reinstalling.
5. Double-click Setup, and then follow the on-screen steps to reinstall the program.
Reinstalling preinstalled device drivers
Attention: When you reinstall device drivers, you are changing the current configuration of your computer.
Reinstall device drivers only when it is necessary to correct a problem with your computer.
To reinstall a device driver for a factory-installed device, do the following:
1. Turn on your computer.
2. Go to the C:\SWTOOLS directory.
3. Open the DRIVERS folder. Within the DRIVERS folder are several subfolders named for the various
devices installed in your computer (for example, AUDIO and VIDEO).
4. Open the subfolder for the device.
5. Reinstall the device driver by one of the following methods:
• In the subfolder for the device, look for a text file (a file with the extension .txt). The text file contains
information on how to reinstall that device driver.
• If the subfolder for the device contains a file of setup information (a file with the extension .inf), you
can use the Add New Hardware program (in the Windows Control Panel) to reinstall the device driver.
Not all device drivers can be reinstalled by use of this program. In the Add New Hardware program,
when prompted for the device driver you want to install, click Have Disk and Browse. Then select
the device driver file from the device subfolder.
• In the subfolder for the device, look for the executable file (a file with the extension .exe). Double-click
the file, and follow the instructions on the screen.
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Attention: If you need updated device drivers, do not download them from the Windows Update Web site.
Obtain them from Lenovo. For more information, see “Making sure device drivers are current” on page 132.
Solving recovery problems
If you are unable to access the Rescue and Recovery workspace or the Windows environment, do one
of the following:
• Use a rescue medium to start the Rescue and Recovery workspace. See “Creating and using a rescue
medium” on page 62.
• Use recovery media if all other methods of recovery have failed and you need to restore the hard disk
drive to the factory default settings. See “Creating and using a recovery media” on page 59.
Note: If you are unable to access the Rescue and Recovery workspace or the Windows environment from
a rescue medium or recovery media, you might not have the rescue device (an internal hard disk drive, a
disc, a USB hard disk drive, or other external devices) set as the first boot device in the startup device
sequence. You must first make sure that your rescue device is set as the first boot device in the startup
device sequence in the ThinkPad Setup program. For details on how to temporarily or permanently change
the startup device sequence, see “Startup menu” on page 126.
It is important to create a rescue medium and a set of recovery media as early as possible and store them
in a safe place for future use.
Recovery overview for Windows 8 models
This section provides information about the recovery solutions provided by Lenovo on computers
preinstalled with the Windows 8 operating system.
Recovery solutions for Windows 8 models
Refreshing your computer
If your computer does not perform well and the problem might be caused by a recently installed program,
you can refresh your computer without losing your personal files or changing your settings.
Attention: If you refresh your computer, the programs that came with your computer and the programs that
you installed from Windows Store will be reinstalled, but all other programs will be removed.
To refresh your computer, do the following:
1. Move your cursor to the bottom right corner of the screen to bring up the charms. Click Settings
➙ Change PC settings ➙ General.
2. In the Refresh your PC without affecting your files section, click Get started.
Resetting your computer to the factory default settings
You can reset your computer to the factory default settings. Resetting the computer will reinstall the
operating system, and reinstall all the programs and settings that came with your computer.
Attention: If you reset your computer, all your personal files and settings will be deleted. To avoid data loss,
make a backup copy of all the data that you want to keep.
To reset your computer, do the following:
1. Move your cursor to the bottom right corner of the screen to bring up the charms. Click Settings
➙ Change PC settings ➙ General.
2. In the Remove everything and reinstall Windows section, click Get started.
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Advanced startup options
Advanced startup options enable you to change the startup settings of your Windows operating system,
start the computer from an external device, or restore the Windows operating system from a system image.
To use the advanced startup options, do the following:
1. Move your cursor to the bottom right corner of the screen to bring up the charms. Click Settings
➙ Change PC settings ➙ General.
2. In the Advanced startup section, click Restart now ➙ Troubleshoot ➙ Advanced options.
3. Restart your computer following the instructions on the screen.
For more details about the recovery solutions provided on computers preinstalled with the Windows 8
operating system, refer to the help information system of the Windows 8 operating system.
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Chapter 6. Replacing devices
This chapter provides instructions on how to install or replace some hardware for your computer.
•
“Static electricity prevention” on page 67
•
“Replacing the battery” on page 67
•
“Replacing a memory module” on page 69
•
“Replacing the hard disk drive or solid state drive” on page 72
•
“Replacing the keyboard” on page 74
•
“Replacing a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless LAN/WiMAX connection” on page 78
•
“Replacing a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless WAN connection” on page 85
•
“Replacing the Serial Ultrabay Slim device” on page 92
•
“Replacing the SIM card” on page 92
•
“Replacing the backup battery” on page 94
Static electricity prevention
Static electricity, although harmless to you, can seriously damage computer components and options.
Improper handling of static-sensitive parts can cause damage to the part. When you unpack an option
or CRU, do not open the static-protective package containing the part until the instructions direct you
to install it.
When you handle options or CRUs, or perform any work inside the computer, take the following precautions
to avoid static-electricity damage:
• Limit your movement. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you.
• Always handle components carefully. Handle adapters, memory modules, and other circuit boards by the
edges. Never touch exposed circuitry.
• Prevent others from touching components.
• When you install a static-sensitive option or CRU, touch the static-protective package containing the
part to a metal expansion-slot cover or other unpainted metal surface on the computer for at least two
seconds. This reduces static electricity from the package and your body.
• When possible, remove the static-sensitive part from the static-protective packaging and install the part
without setting it down. When this is not possible, place the static-protective packaging on a smooth,
level surface and place the part on it.
• Do not place the part on the computer cover or other metal surface.
Replacing the battery
Before you start, print these instructions.
This system supports only batteries specially designed for this specific system and manufactured by Lenovo
or an authorized builder. The system does not support unauthorized batteries or batteries designed for other
systems. If an unauthorized battery or a battery designed for another system is installed, the system will
not charge.
Attention: Lenovo has no responsibility for the performance or safety of unauthorized batteries, and
provides no warranties for failures or damage arising out of their use.
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
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Note: If an unauthorized battery is installed, the following message will be displayed: “The battery installed
is not supported by this system and will not charge. Please replace the battery with the correct Lenovo
battery for this system”.
DANGER
If the rechargeable battery pack is incorrectly replaced, there is danger of an explosion. The battery
pack contains a small amount of harmful substances. To avoid possible injury:
• Replace only with a battery of the type recommended by Lenovo.
• Keep the battery pack away from fire.
• Do not expose it to excessive heat.
• Do not expose it to water or rain.
• Do not short-circuit it.
• Do not drop, crush, puncture, or subject to strong forces. Battery abuse or mishandling can
cause the battery to overheat, which can cause gasses or flame to “vent” from the battery
pack or coin cell.
To replace the battery, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer. Then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer.
2. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
3. Unlock the battery latch by sliding it to the unlock position 1 . Hold the latch in the unlocked position,
remove the battery 2 .
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4. Insert a fully charged battery until it clicks into place.
5. Slide the battery latch to the locked position.
6. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac power adapter and all cables.
Replacing a memory module
Before you start, print these instructions.
Increasing memory capacity is an effective way to make programs run faster. You can increase the amount
of memory in your computer by installing a double data rate three (DDR3) synchronous dynamic random
access memory (SDRAM) unbuffered small outline dual inline memory module (SO-DIMM), available as an
option, in the memory slot of the computer.
When installing or replacing the memory module, be sure to follow the precautions.
Note: The operating speed of the memory module has dependency on the system configuration.
Attention: Before you start installing a memory module, touch a metal table or a grounded metal object. This
action reduces any static electricity from your body. The static electricity could damage the memory module.
To replace a memory module, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer.
2. Close the computer display, and turn it over.
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3. Remove the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
4. Loosen the screws 1 , then remove the cover 2 .
5. If the a memory module already is installed in the memory slot, press out on the latches on both edges
of the socket at the same time. Then remove it and save it for future use.
6. Find the notch on the contact edge side of the new memory module you are installing.
Attention: To avoid damaging the memory module, do not touch its contact edge.
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7. Make sure that the notch on the memory module aligns correctly with the key in the memory slot, then
insert the memory module into the socket at an angle of about 20 degrees. Press it in firmly.
8. Pivot the memory module downward until it snaps into place.
9. Make sure that the memory module is firmly fixed in the slot and cannot be moved easily.
10. Reinstall the memory slot cover and tighten the screws.
11. Reinstall the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
12. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac power adapter and all cables.
To make sure that the memory module is installed correctly, do the following:
1. Turn the computer on.
2. When the logo screen is displayed, press the F1 key. The ThinkPad Setup program main menu opens.
The Installed memory item shows the total amount of memory installed in your computer.
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Replacing the hard disk drive or solid state drive
Before you start, print these instructions.
When replacing the drive, be sure to follow the precautions.
Attention: The hard disk drive or solid state drive is very sensitive. Incorrect handling can cause damage
and permanent loss of data. Observe the following guidelines:
• Replace the hard disk drive or solid state drive only if you upgrade it or have it repaired. The connectors
and slot of the hard disk drive or solid state drive are not designed for frequent changes, or drive swapping.
• Do not drop the drive or subject it to physical shocks. Put the drive on a material, such as soft cloth, that
absorbs any physical shocks.
• Do not apply pressure to the cover of the drive.
• Do not touch the connector.
• Before removing the hard disk drive or solid state drive, make a backup copy of all the information
on it, and then turn the computer off.
• Never remove the drive while the system is operating, in sleep mode, or in hibernation mode.
To replace the hard disk drive or solid state drive, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer.
2. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
3. Remove the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
4. Remove the screw that secures the cover of the slot, then remove the cover.
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5. Remove the hard disk drive or solid state drive by pulling out the tab.
6. Detach the side rubber rails from the hard disk drive or the side spacer rails from the solid state drive.
7. Attach the side rubber rails to the new hard disk drive or the side spacer rails to the new solid state drive.
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8. Insert the hard disk drive or solid state drive into the bay, then slide it firmly into place.
9. Reinstall the cover of the bay 1 , then reinstall the screw 2 .
10. Reinstall the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
11. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac power adapter and all cables.
Replacing the keyboard
Before you start, print these instructions.
DANGER
Electric current from power, telephone, and communication cables is hazardous. To avoid shock
hazard, disconnect the cables before opening the cover of this slot.
To replace the keyboard, do the following:
To remove the keyboard, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer. Wait for
three to five minutes to let the computer cool.
2. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
3. Remove the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
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4. Loosen the screws on the cover 1 , then remove the cover 2 .
5. Remove the two screws that secure the keyboard.
6. Turn the computer over and open the display.
7. Push hard in the direction shown by the arrows 1 to unlatch the front side of the keyboard. The
keyboard will open up slightly 2 .
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8. Carefully lift the keyboard until you can see how it is connected. Hold the keyboard above the computer,
and then detach the connector 1 . Remove the keyboard 2 .
To install the keyboard, do the following:
1. Attach the connector.
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2. Insert the keyboard. Make sure that the front edges of the keyboard are under the frame, and then
press the keyboard downward.
3. Slide the keyboard until it is secured in place.
4. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over. Reinstall the two screws.
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5. Reinstall the memory slot cover and tighten the screws.
6. Reinstall the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
7. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac power adapter and all cables.
Replacing a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless LAN/WiMAX connection
This topic provides instructions on replacing a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless LAN/WiMAX connection.
DANGER
Electric current from power, telephone, and communication cables is hazardous. To avoid shock
hazard, disconnect the cables before opening the cover of this slot.
Attention: Before you start installing a PCI Express Mini Card, touch a metal table or a grounded metal
object. This action reduces any static electricity from your body. The static electricity could damage the card.
To replace a PCI Express Mini Card with two connectors
1. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer. Wait for
three to five minutes, till the inside of the computer cools.
2. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
3. Remove the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
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4. Loosen the screws 1 , then remove the cover 2 .
5. If a tool for removing connectors is included in the package with the new card, use it to disconnect the
cables from the card. If no such tool is included, disconnect the cables by picking up the connectors
with your fingers and gently unplugging them.
6. Remove the screw 1 . The card pops up 2 .
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7. Remove the card.
8. Align the contact edge of the new PCI Express Mini Card with the corresponding socket contact of the
computer.
Note: If the new PCI Express Mini Card has two connectors, as in the following illustration, put the
white cable in the cable protection tube.
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9. Pivot the card until you can snap it into place by pressing the upper side of the connectors 1 , and
secure the card with the screw 2 .
10. Connect the cables to the new PCI Express Mini Card. Be sure to attach the gray cable to the connector
marked “MAIN” or “M” on the card, and the black cable to the connector marked “AUX” or “A”.
Note: If the new PCI Express Mini Card has three connectors, be sure to attach the gray cable to the
connector marked “TR1” on the card, and the black cable to the connector marked “TR2”. If you attach
either cable to the center connector, the connection speed will be lower.
11. Reinstall the memory slot cover and tighten the screws.
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12. Reinstall the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
13. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac power adapter and all cables.
To replace a PCI Express Mini Card with three connectors
If your computer has the Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) feature, a PCI Express Mini Card that has
three connectors comes with the computer. To replace the card, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer. Wait for
three to five minutes, till the inside of the computer cools.
2. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
3. Remove the battery. For more information about how to remove the battery, refer to “Replacing the
battery” on page 67.
4. Loosen the screws 1 , then remove the cover 2 .
5. If a tool for removing connectors is included in the package with the new card, use it to disconnect the
cables from the card. If no such tool is included, disconnect the cables by picking up the connectors
with your fingers and gently unplugging them.
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6. Remove the screw 1 . The card pops up 2 .
7. Remove the card.
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8. Align the contact edge of the new card with the corresponding socket contact of the computer.
Note: If the new PCI Express Mini Card has two connectors, as in the following illustration, put the
white cable in the cable protection tube.
9. Pivot the card until you can snap it into place by pressing the upper side of the connectors 1 , and
secure the card with the screw 2 .
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10. Connect the cables to the new PCI Express Mini Card. Be sure to attach the gray cable to the connector
marked “TR1” on the card, the white cable to the connector marked “RO” or “TR3” (center), and the
black cable to the connector marked “TR2”.
11. Reinstall the memory slot cover and tighten the screws.
12. Reinstall the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
13. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac power adapter and all cables.
Replacing a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless WAN connection
Before you start, print these instructions.
DANGER
Electric current from power, telephone, and communication cables is hazardous. To avoid shock
hazard, disconnect the cables before opening the cover of this slot.
Attention: Before you start installing a wireless WAN card, touch a metal table or a grounded metal object.
This action reduces any static electricity from your body. The static electricity could damage the card.
If your computer is equipped with a PCI Express Mini Card, replace the card by doing the following:
1. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer. Wait
three to five minutes to let the computer cool.
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2. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
3. Remove the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
4. Loosen the screws 1 , then remove the cover 2 .
5. If a tool for removing connectors is included in the package with the new card, use it to disconnect the
cables from the card. If no such tool is included, disconnect the cables by picking up the connectors
with your fingers and gently unplugging them.
Note: Depending on the system configuration of your computer, the card might have only one connector.
6. Remove the screw 1 . The card pops up 2 .
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7. Remove the card.
8. Align the contact edge of the new wireless WAN card with the corresponding socket.
9. Pivot the card until you can snap it into place by pressing the upper side of each connector 1 . Secure
the card with the screw 2 .
Note: Depending on the system configuration of your computer, the card might have only one connector.
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10. Connect the cables to the new wireless WAN card.
Note: Depending on the model, the marking for the connectors on your card might look different from
the one shown in the illustration above. Be sure to attach the red cable to the MAIN or M connector,
and the blue cable to the AUX or A connector.
11. Reinstall the memory slot cover and tighten the screws.
12. Reinstall the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
13. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac power adapter and all cables
If your computer is equipped with a PCI Express Half Mini card, replace the card by doing the following:
1. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer. Wait
three to five minutes to let the computer cool.
2. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
3. Remove the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
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4. Loosen the screws 1 , then remove the cover 2 .
5. If a tool for removing connectors is included in the package with the new card, use it to disconnect the
cables from the card. If no such tool is included, disconnect the cables by picking up the connectors
with your fingers and gently unplugging them.
Note: Depending on the system configuration of your computer, the card might have only one connector.
6. Remove the screw 1 . The card with the bracket pops up 2 .
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7. Remove the card with the bracket.
8. Pull the card out of the bracket.
9. Insert the new card into the bracket.
10. Align the contact edge of the new wireless WAN card with the corresponding socket.
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11. Pivot the card until you can snap it into place by pressing the upper side of each connector 1 . Secure
the card with the screw 2 .
Note: Depending on the system configuration of your computer, the card might have only one connector.
12. Connect the cables to the new PCI Express Half Mini card.
Note: Depending on the model, the marking for the connectors on your card might look different from
the one shown in the illustration above. Be sure to attach the red cable to the MAIN or M connector,
and the blue cable to the AUX or A connector.
13. Reinstall the memory slot cover and tighten the screws.
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14. Reinstall the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
15. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac power adapter and all cables.
Replacing the Serial Ultrabay Slim device
To replace the Serial Ultrabay Slim device, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer, then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer.
2. Unlock the bay lock latch and hold it in the unlocked position. Then, slide the bay eject latch in the
direction shown by the arrow, then pull out the Serial Ultrabay Slim device.
3. Insert the new device firmly into the bay; then press the device firmly to attach it to the connector.
Replacing the SIM card
Before you start, print these instructions.
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Your computer might require a SIM card to establish wireless WAN connections. Depending on the country
of delivery, the SIM card might already be installed in your computer or will be part of the shipping contents
that came with your computer.
If you find the SIM cards included in the shipping contents, a dummy card is installed in the SIM card
slot. Then proceed with the following instructions.
Note: The SIM card is identified by the IC chip mounted on one side of the card.
To replace the SIM card, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer.
2. Close the computer display, and turn it over.
3. Remove the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
4. Locate the SIM card slot inside the open battery compartment. Gently pull the card partway out of
the slot; then remove it completely.
5. Insert the SIM card firmly into the slot.
6. Reinstall the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
7. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac power adapter and all cables.
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Replacing the backup battery
Before you start, print these instructions.
DANGER
If the backup battery is incorrectly replaced, there is danger of an explosion. The backup battery
contains a small amount of harmful substances. To avoid possible injury:
• Replace only with a battery of the type recommended by Lenovo.
• Keep the battery pack away from fire.
• Do not expose it to excessive heat.
• Do not expose it to water or rain.
• Do not short-circuit it.
• Do not drop, crush, puncture, or subject to strong forces. Battery abuse or mishandling can
cause the battery to overheat, which can cause gasses or flame to “vent” from the battery
pack or coin cell.
To replace the backup battery, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer; then disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer. Wait
three to five minutes to let the computer cool.
2. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
3. Remove the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
4. Remove the keyboard. See “Replacing the keyboard” on page 74.
5. Detach the connector 1 . Then remove the backup battery 2 .
6. Install the backup battery 1 . Then attach the connector 2 .
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7. Reinstall the keyboard. See “Replacing the keyboard” on page 74.
8. Reinstall the battery. See “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
9. Turn the computer over again. Connect the ac power adapter and all cables.
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Chapter 7. Enhancing your computer
This chapter provides information on installing devices and taking advantage of your computer's
high-technology features.
•
“Finding ThinkPad options” on page 97
•
“Using the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay” on page 97
•
“ThinkPad docking stations and port replicators” on page 100
Finding ThinkPad options
If you want to expand the capabilities of your computer, Lenovo has a number of hardware accessories and
upgrades to meet your needs. Options include memory, storage, networking adapters, docking stations and
port replicators, batteries, power adapters, printers, scanners, keyboards, mice, and more.
You can shop at Lenovo 24 hours a day, 7 days a week directly over the World Wide Web. All you need is an
Internet connection and a credit card.
To shop at Lenovo go to:
http://www.lenovo.com/accessories/services/index.html
Using the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay
You can expand your computer capabilities by installing a Serial Ultrabay Slim device into the Serial Ultrabay
Slim bay. For example, you can install a MultiBurner drive, a CD-RW/DVD drive, or a hard disk drive into the
bay. If your computer does not come with such a device in the bay, you can purchase one from Lenovo at:
http://www.lenovo.com/accessories
Note: The Serial Ultrabay Slim bay supports only 9.5-mm-thick Serial Ultrabay Slim devices.
Performing a hot swap operation
Hot-swapping is to replace a device while the computer is operating.
Notes:
• Hot-swapping is not supported when your computer is docked or when the extended life battery is
installed.
• If a hard disk password is set, you cannot hot-swap the hard disk drive. You need to remove the hard disk
password first, and then perform the hot swap operation.
To hot-swap a Serial Ultrabay Slim device, do the following:
1. Click the triangular icon on the taskbar to show hidden icons, then click the Safely Remove Hardware
and Eject Media icon, and then stop the device.
2. Replace the device following instructions in “Replacing the Serial Ultrabay Slim device” on page 92.
Performing a warm-swap operation
Warm-swapping is to replace a device while the computer is in sleep mode.
To warm-swap a Serial Ultrabay Slim device, do the following:
1. Press Fn+F4 to put the computer into sleep mode.
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2. Replace the device following instructions in “Replacing the Serial Ultrabay Slim device” on page 92.
Installing a secondary hard disk drive into the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay
You can upgrade the capacity of your computer by installing a secondary hard disk drive.
To install a secondary hard disk drive into your computer, do the following:
1. If another Serial Ultrabay Slim device or a dummy device is installed in the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay,
remove the device. See detailed instructions in “Replacing the Serial Ultrabay Slim device” on page 92.
2. Install the hard disk drive into the ThinkPad Serial Hard Drive Bay Adapter III (hard disk drive adapter),
which is available as an option. See detailed instructions in “Installing a secondary hard disk drive into
the hard disk drive adapter” on page 98.
Note: The ThinkPad Serial Hard Drive Bay Adapter III supports only 2.5-inch (7 mm height) hard disk
drives.
3. Install the hard disk drive with adapter into the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay of your computer. See detailed
instructions in “Inserting the secondary hard disk drive adapter into the bay” on page 100
Attention: Replace a hard disk drive only if you are upgrading it or having it repaired. Frequent replacement
of the hard disk drive might damage the drive and bay.
Installing a secondary hard disk drive into the hard disk drive adapter
1. Lift up the stopper on the hard disk drive adapter.
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2. Insert the hard disk drive into the adapter with the label facing upward.
Note: If your hard disk drive has a strap, be sure not to leave it under the drive.
3. Connect the hard disk drive to its connector.
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4. Close the hard disk drive stopper to secure the hard disk drive in place.
Notes:
• Make sure that the hard disk drive is inserted tightly into the hard disk drive adapter.
• You cannot insert a hard disk drive for other ThinkPad computers into this ThinkPad Serial Hard Drive
Bay Adapter III. If you want to use the files on the hard disk drive of another ThinkPad computer, copy
the files to a removable storage device.
Inserting the secondary hard disk drive adapter into the bay
Depending on the computer state, to install the secondary hard disk drive with adapter into the Serial
Ultrabay Slim bay, do one of the following:
• When the computer is turned off. Install the hard disk drive with adapter following instructions in
“Replacing the Serial Ultrabay Slim device” on page 92.
• When the computer is in sleep mode. Install the hard disk drive with adapter following instructions in
“Performing a warm-swap operation” on page 97.
• When the computer is operating. Install the hard disk drive with adapter following instructions in
“Performing a hot swap operation” on page 97.
If you install the hard disk drive with adapter into the bay while the computer is in sleep mode or operating,
and the hard disk drive is protected by a password, you cannot get access to the drive right after installing
the adapter into the bay. To get access to it, do the following:
1. Put your computer into hibernation mode.
2. Press the power button to return to normal operation. The hard disk password icon is displayed at
the upper left of the screen.
3. Type the password. Then you can get access to the hard disk drive.
Note: When you install the hard disk drive with adapter into the bay, make sure that you install it firmly. You
can secure the hard disk drive adapter by installing a hex-head screw (included in the shipping contents)
into the screw hole.
ThinkPad docking stations and port replicators
Depending on the model, your computer might support the following docking stations or port replicators:
• ThinkPad Port Replicator Series 3
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• ThinkPad Port Replicator Series 3 with USB 3.0
• ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3
• ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3 with USB 3.0
• ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3
• ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 with USB 3.0
Attach your computer to one of the docking stations or port replicators to expand the working capability.
When the computer is attached to a port replicator or docking station, never pick up the assembly by taking
hold of the computer alone. Always hold the whole assembly.
Front view
ThinkPad Port Replicator Series 3 and ThinkPad Port Replicator Series 3 with USB 3.0
1
Power button: Press the power button to turn the computer on or off.
2
Eject button: Press the eject button to release the computer from the port replicator.
3 Sliding adjuster: Use the sliding adjuster as a guide to align the docking station connector on your
computer as you attach the port replicator.
4
Docking station connector: This is where you attach your computer.
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ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3 and ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3 with USB 3.0
1
Power button: Press the power button to turn the computer on or off.
2 Key lock indicator: This indicator lights when the system lock key is in the locked position. When the
system lock key is in the locked position, the eject button of the docking station is locked; you cannot
attach or remove your computer.
3
Docking status indicator: This indicator lights when your computer is docked.
4
Eject button: Press the eject button to release the computer from the docking station.
5 Sliding adjuster: Use the sliding adjuster as a guide to align the docking station connector on your
computer as you attach the docking station.
6
Docking station connector: This is where you attach your computer.
7 System lock key: Use the system lock key to lock the eject button. When the eject button is locked, you
cannot attach or remove your computer.
ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 and ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 with USB 3.0
1
Power button: Press the power button to turn the computer on or off.
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2 Key lock indicator: This indicator lights when the system lock key is in the locked position. When the
system lock key is in the locked position, the eject button of the docking station is locked; you cannot
attach or remove your computer.
3
Docking status indicator: This indicator lights when your computer is docked.
4
Eject button: Press the eject button to release the computer from the docking station.
5 Sliding adjuster: Use the sliding adjuster as a guide to align the docking station connector on your
computer as you attach the docking station.
6
Docking station connector: This is where you attach your computer.
7 System lock key: Use the system lock key to lock the eject button. When the eject button is locked, you
cannot attach or remove your computer.
8
Microphone jack: 1/8 inch (3.5 mm) in diameter. Use it to connect an external microphone.
9
Headphone jack: 1/8 inch (3.5 mm) in diameter. Use it to connect an external headphone.
Rear view
ThinkPad Port Replicator Series 3 and ThinkPad Port Replicator Series 3 with USB 3.0
1
Power jack: Connect the ac power adapter.
2 Ethernet connector: Connect the port replicator to an Ethernet LAN. The indicator on the connector
is the same as that on the computer.
3
USB 2.0 connectors: Connect USB 2.0 compatible devices.
4 USB 2.0 connector (on the ThinkPad Port Replicator Series 3) or USB 3.0 connector (on the ThinkPad
Port Replicator Series 3 with USB 3.0): Connect compatible USB devices.
5
External monitor connector: Connect an external monitor.
6 Security keyhole: Use a security cable lock that fits this keyhole to lock your port replicator to a
stationary object to protect it from theft.
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ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3 and ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3 with USB 3.0
1
Power jack: Connect the ac power adapter.
2
DisplayPort connector: Connect a display device.
3
DVI connector: Connect a monitor that supports Single-Link DVI.
Note: The DVI connector provides a digital interface only. This connector can only be used with a computer
that supports DVI connection established through docking stations.
4
Headphone jack: 1/8 inch (3.5 mm) in diameter. Use it to connect an external headphone.
5
Microphone jack: 1/8 inch (3.5 mm) in diameter. Use it to connect an external microphone.
6 Ethernet connector: Connect the port replicator to an Ethernet LAN. The indicator on the connector
is the same as that on the computer.
7
USB 2.0 connectors: Connect USB 2.0 compatible devices.
8 USB 2.0 connector (on the ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3) or USB 3.0 connector (on the ThinkPad Mini
Dock Series 3 with USB 3.0): Connect compatible USB devices.
9
External monitor connector: Connect an external monitor.
10 Security keyhole: Use a security cable lock that fits this keyhole to lock your port replicator to a
stationary object to protect it from theft.
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ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 and ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 with USB 3.0
1 3
DisplayPort connectors: Connect display devices.
2 4
DVI connectors: Connect monitors that support Single-Link DVI.
Note: The DVI connectors provide a digital interface only. The connectors can only be used with a computer
that supports DVI connection established through docking stations.
5 Ethernet connector: Connect the port replicator to an Ethernet LAN. The indicator on the connector
is the same as that on the computer.
6
USB 2.0 connectors: Connect USB 2.0 compatible devices.
7
Power jack: Connect the ac power adapter.
Note: For the ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 (170 W) and ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 with USB
3.0 (170 W), use the ac power adapter shipped with your computer.
8 eSATA connector or USB 3.0 connector: For the ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3, this is an eSATA
connector for connecting an eSATA device. For the ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 with USB 3.0, this
is a USB 3.0 connector for connecting a USB compatible devices.
9
External monitor connector: Connect an external monitor.
10 Security keyhole: Use a security cable lock that fits this keyhole to lock your port replicator to a
stationary object to protect it from theft.
Note: If you attach your computer to a port replicator or docking station and use an Ethernet connector or
an external monitor connector, use the Ethernet connector or the external monitor connector on the port
replicator or docking station, not the one on the computer.
Attaching a ThinkPad port replicator or docking station
To attach your computer to a supported ThinkPad port replicator or docking station, do the following:
Notes:
• Before you attach the computer to a supported ThinkPad port replicator or docking station, disconnect
the ac power adapter from the computer.
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• If your computer is operating, make sure that it has finished any operations involving devices that are
connected to a USB connector. Also make sure that any connection to an Ethernet connector has
been disconnected.
• The following illustrations are for the ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3. The procedure is the same for other
docking stations. For port replicators, start with step 2.
1. Make sure that the system lock key is in place and in the unlocked (horizontal) position.
2. Press and pull the sliding adjuster as shown.
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3. Put your computer on the platform of the docking station, making sure that the top-left corner of the
computer is aligned with the guide plate.
4. Insert your computer into the docking station until you hear a click. The computer is attached to the
docking station.
Note: If the docking status indicator is not lighted after you attach the docking station, your computer
is not correctly connected. Check the ac power adapter of the docking station, or disconnect and
re-attach the ac power adapter. Then attach your computer to the docking station.
Notes:
• If you attach the port replicator or docking station to your computer, but do not connect the ac power
adapter of that attachment to the power jack, your computer goes into battery mode.
• If your computer and the port replicator or docking station are connected to separate ac power adapters,
your computer goes into battery mode first, and then shifts into ac power mode.
• If in either of the above two preceding situations the battery of your computer is detached, or has no
battery charge, your computer shuts down.
Connecting an external display to the ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 or the ThinkPad Mini Dock
Plus Series 3 with USB 3.0
Group 1 (top figure) and Group 2 (lower figure) are independent of each other. Each has a DisplayPort
connector and a DVI connector. If you connect a display to a DisplayPort connector and a DVI connector
that are in the same group, the DisplayPort connector is inactive.
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Detaching a ThinkPad port replicator or docking station
To detach your computer from the port replicator or docking station, do the following:
1. Ensure that:
• The devices connected to USB connectors are not in use.
• The connection to an Ethernet connector has been ended.
• The system lock key of the docking station is in place and in the unlocked (horizontal) position for:
– ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3
– ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3 with USB 3.0
– ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3
– ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 with USB 3.0
2. Press the eject button until the computer moves up. Then, grasp both sides, and remove the computer.
Security feature
Use the security keyhole on the ThinkPad port replicator or docking station to attach a mechanical lock. By
attaching a mechanical lock, you can secure the port replicator or docking station to a stationary object,
such as a desk, to protect your port replicator or docking station from theft. Mechanical locks in different
sizes are available from Lenovo as options.
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Note: You are responsible for evaluating, selecting, and implementing the locking device and security
feature. Lenovo makes no comments, judgments, or warranties about the function, quality, or performance
of the locking device or security feature.
For the ThinkPad docking stations, in addition to attaching a mechanical lock to the docking station, you also
can use the system lock key to lock the eject button. When the eject button is locked, the computer cannot
be detached from the docking station. For more information, see “Using the system lock key” on page 109.
Using the system lock key
The system lock key has two positions, unlocked and locked.
When the key is in the locked position, the eject button of the docking station is locked, and you cannot
remove your computer. The key lock indicator lights when the eject button is locked.
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Chapter 8. Advanced configuration
While it is important to protect files, data, and settings that are on the hard disk drive, you also might
need to install a new operating system, install new device drivers, update your system UEFI BIOS, or
recover preinstalled software. This topic will help you handle your computer with proper care and keep it
in top working shape.
•
“Installing a new operating system” on page 111
•
“Installing device drivers” on page 113
•
“ThinkPad Setup” on page 115
•
“Using system management” on page 129
Installing a new operating system
If you install a new operating system in your computer, you need to install the supplement files and ThinkPad
device drivers for it at the same time.
• If you install a new Windows 7 operating system, the necessary files are located in the following directories
of your solid state-drive or hard disk drive:
– The supplement files for the operating system supported are in the C:\SWTOOLS\OSFIXES directory.
– The device drivers for the operating system supported are in the C:\SWTOOLS\DRIVERS directory.
– The preloaded software programs are in the C:\SWTOOLS\APPS directory.
Note: If you cannot find the supplement files, the device drivers, and program software you need on
your hard disk drive, or if you want to receive updates and the latest information about them, go to
http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadDrivers.
• If you install a new Windows 8 operating system, go to http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadDrivers for the
latest device drivers, and then follow the instructions on the screen.
Note: The process of installing the new operating system deletes all the data on your hard disk drive,
including backups or images that were stored in a hidden folder by use of the Rescue and Recovery program.
Before you begin
Note: If your computer is equipped with both a hard disk drive and an mSATA solid state drive, you are
not recommended to use the mSATA solid state drive as a bootable device. The mSATA solid state drive is
designed and developed for “cache” function purpose only. If you use the mSATA solid state drive as a
bootable device, its reliability is not guaranteed.
Before you install the operating system, do the following:
• If you install a new Windows 7 operating system, copy all the subdirectories and files in the C:\SWTOOLS
directory to a removable storage device, to avoid losing files during the installation.
• Print the instructions you will use. Go to the section for the operating system you are using:
–
“Installing the Windows 7 operating system” on page 112
–
“Installing the Windows 8 operating system” on page 113
Notes:
– The UEFI BIOS features are supported on the Windows 7 operating system (64-bit) and the Windows 8
operating system (64-bit). Ensure that the UEFI/Legacy Boot setting in ThinkPad Setup is set to your
preference to boot the desired operating system.
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– After installing the operating system, you should not change the initial UEFI/Legacy Boot setting in
ThinkPad Setup. The UEFI/Legacy Boot setting must be the same as it was when the Windows
operating system image was installed. Otherwise, the operating system will not boot correctly.
For the country or region code required in the installation, use one of the following:
Country or region: Code
China: SC
Denmark: DK
Finland: FI
France: FR
Germany: GR
Italy: IT
Japan: JP
Netherlands: NL
Norway: NO
Spain: SP
Sweden: SV
Taiwan and Hong Kong: TC
United States: US
Installing the Windows 7 operating system
Before you start, print these instructions.
Before you start, print these instructions.
To install the Windows 7 operating system and its related software on your computer, do the following:
1. Start ThinkPad Setup.
2. Select Startup.
3. Select UEFI/Legacy Boot.
4. Do one of the following:
• If you want to install the Windows 7 (32–bit) operating system, select Legacy Only or Both.
• If you want to install the Windows 7 (64–bit) operating system in Legacy mode, select Legacy Only.
• If you want to install the Windows 7 (64–bit) operating system in UEFI mode, select UEFI Only.
5. Press F10.
6. Insert the Windows 7 operating system installation DVD into the DVD drive, and restart the computer.
7. Restore C:\SWTOOLS from the backup copy you made before starting the installation.
8. Install the Intel Chipset Support for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7/8. To do this, run Setup.exe in
C:\SWTOOLS\DRIVERS\INTELINF\infinst_autol.
9. Install device drivers. See “Installing device drivers” on page 113.
Installing the registry patches for Windows 7
Go to http://www.lenovo.com/support and install the following registry patches:
• Registry patch enabling Wake Up on LAN from Standby for Energy Star
• Fix for Issue of HDD with HD Detection
Installing the Windows 7 fix modules
The Windows 7 fix modules are in the following directory:
C:\SWTOOLS\OSFIXES\
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The name of each subfolder is the number of a fix module. For information about each fix module, go to
the Microsoft Knowledge Base homepage at http://support.microsoft.com/, type the number of the fix
module you need in the search field, and click Search.
To install a fix module, run the EXE file in a subfolder and follow the instructions on the screen.
Note: If you remove the hard disk drive from the computer with a single-core processor and install it on a
computer with a dual-core processor, you can get access to the hard disk drive. The opposite, however, is
not true: If you remove the hard disk drive from a computer with a dual-core processor and install it on a
computer with a single-core processor, you cannot get access to the hard disk drive.
Installing the Windows 8 operating system
Before you start, print these instructions.
Before you start, print these instructions.
To install the Windows 8 operating system and its related software on your computer, do the following:
1. Start ThinkPad Setup.
2. Select Startup ➙ Boot.
3. Change the boot priority order to boot your computer from the drive that contains the Windows
8 operating system installer.
4. Press F10.
5. Connect the drive that contains the Windows 8 operating system installer to your computer, and
restart the computer.
6. Install the Intel Chipset Support for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7/8.
7. Install device drivers. See “Installing device drivers” on page 113.
Installing the Windows 8 update module package
For information about each fix module, go to the Microsoft Knowledge Base homepage at
http://support.microsoft.com/, type the number of the fix module you need in the search field, and click
Search.
Note: The Web site address might change without notice. If the homepage is not displayed, search for it
from the Microsoft top page.
Installing device drivers
The device drivers are available at http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadDrivers. Select the product name of
your computer in the Current ThinkPad systems list to see all the device drivers for your computer.
Attention: Always go to http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadDrivers for the latest device drivers. Do not
download them from the Windows Update Web site.
Installing the driver for the 4-in-1 media card reader
To use the 4-in-1 media card reader, you need to download and install the Ricoh Multi Card Reader Driver
from the Lenovo Support Web site at:
http://www.lenovo.com/support
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Installing the driver for USB 3.0 on the Windows 7 operating system
If your computer is installed with the Windows 7 operating system, it supports USB 3.0 functions. To use
the USB 3.0 connectors, you need to download and install the USB 3.0 driver after you reinstalled the
Windows 7 operating system by doing the following:
1. Go to http://www.lenovo.com/support. Find your model and display the driver links.
2. Select the USB 3.0 driver for the 32-bit or 64-bit operating system and extract it to your local hard
disk drive.
3. Double-click the Setup.exe file in the C:\DRIVERS\WIN\USB3.0\ directory.
4. Click Next. If the device driver is already installed, click Cancel. Follow the instructions on the screen
until the installation is finished.
Installing the ThinkPad monitor file for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7/8 on the Windows 7 operating system
The ThinkPad monitor file for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7/8 is in the following directory:
C:\SWTOOLS\DRIVERS\MONITOR
Note: If you cannot find this directory on your hard disk drive or solid state drive, download the ThinkPad
monitor file for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7/8 from the ThinkPad Web site at:
http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadDrivers
Note: Before you install this file, make sure that the correct video driver has been installed.
To install the correct video driver, do the following:
1. Right-click on the desktop, and click Personalize.
2. Click Display at the left.
3. Click Change display settings.
4. Click Advanced Settings.
5. Click the Monitor tab.
6. Click Properties.
7. Click the Driver tab.
8. Click Update Driver.
9. Select Browse my computer for driver software, and then click Let me pick from a list of device
drivers on my computer.
10. Click Have Disk.
11. Specify path C:\SWTOOLS\DRIVERS\MONITOR to this monitor INF file. Then, click Open.
12. Click OK.
13. Confirm the correct display type, then click Next.
14. When installation completes, click Close.
15. Click Close to close the Display Properties window.
16. Click OK on the Monitor tab.
17. Click OK and close the Display Settings window.
Installing other device drivers and software on the Windows 7 operating system
The device drivers are provided in the C:\SWTOOLS\DRIVERS directory on your hard disk drive. You will also
need to install program software, which is provided in the C:\SWTOOLS\APPS directory on your hard disk drive.
To do this, refer to the instructions in “Reinstalling preinstalled programs and device drivers” on page 63.
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Note: If you cannot find the Supplement files, device drivers, and program software you need on
your hard disk drive, or if you want to receive updates and the latest information about them, go to
http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadDrivers.
ThinkPad Setup
Your computer comes with the ThinkPad Setup program to enable you to select various setup parameters.
To start ThinkPad Setup, do the following:
1. Turn on the computer. When the logo screen is displayed, press the F1 key. The ThinkPad Setup
program main menu opens.
If you have set a supervisor password, the ThinkPad Setup program menu will be displayed after you
enter the password. You can start ThinkPad Setup by pressing Enter instead of entering the supervisor
password. However, you cannot change the parameters that are protected by the supervisor password.
For more information, refer to “Using passwords” on page 47.
2. Use the cursor keys to move to an item you want to change. When the item is highlighted, press
Enter. A submenu is displayed.
3. Change the items you wish to change. To change the value of an item, press the following keys:
• Fn+F6 or the combination of Shift and + : Change to a higher value.
• Fn+F5 or – : Change to a lower value.
4. Press Esc to exit from the submenu.
5. If you are on a nested submenu, press Esc repeatedly until you reach the ThinkPad Setup menu.
Note: If you need to restore the settings to their original state as of the time of purchase, press F9 to
load the default settings. You also can select an option on the Restart submenu to load the default
settings or discard the changes.
6. Select Restart. Move the cursor to the option you want for restarting your computer; then press Enter.
Your computer restarts.
Note: Depending on the operating system you are using, some menu items might not be available.
Main menu
The Main menu is the first interface you see after you enter ThinkPad Setup. It displays the following
configuration of your computer:
• UEFI BIOS Version
• UEFI BIOS Date (Year-Month-Day)
• Embedded Controller Version
• Machine Type Model
• System-unit serial number
• System board serial number
• Asset Tag
• CPU Type
• CPU Speed
• Installed memory
• UUID
• MAC address (Internal LAN)
• Preinstalled operating system license
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115
• UEFI secure boot
Config menu
If you need to change the configuration of your computer, select Config from the ThinkPad Setup program
main menu.
The following table lists the Config menu items.
Notes:
• Default values are in boldface. The default settings are already optimized for you. If you consider
changing the computer configuration, proceed with extreme caution. Setting the configuration incorrectly
might cause unexpected results.
• On each submenu, press the Enter key to show selectable options and select a desired option by using
cursor key, or type desired values from the keyboard directly.
• Some items are displayed on the menu only if the computer supports the corresponding features.
Table 5. Config menu items
Menu item
Submenu item
Value
Comments
Network
Wake On LAN
• Disabled
Enable the system to Power
on when the Ethernet
controller receives a magic
packet.
• AC only
• AC and Battery
If you select AC Only, Wake
on LAN is enabled only
when ac power adapter is
attached.
If you select AC and
Battery, Wake On LAN is
enabled with any power
sources.
Note: AC is required with
magic packet type Wake on
LAN.
Note: Wake on LAN
function does not work
when a hard disk password
is set.
Ethernet LAN Option ROM
(for Legacy Only boot
mode or Both with Legacy
first)
UEFI IPv4 Network Stack
(for UEFI Only boot mode
or Both with UEFI first)
UEFI IPv6 Network Stack
(for UEFI Only boot mode
or Both with UEFI first)
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User Guide
• Disabled
• Enabled
• Disabled
• Enabled
• Disabled
• Enabled
Load the Ethernet LAN
Option ROM to enable
startup from an integrated
network device.
Enable or disable Internet
Protocol Version 4 (IPv4)
network stack for the UEFI
environment.
Enable or disable Internet
Protocol Version 6 (IPv6)
network stack for UEFI
environment.
Table 5. Config menu items (continued)
Menu item
USB
Submenu item
Value
Comments
UEFI PXE Boot Priority (for
Both with UEFI first boot
mode, and IPv6 and IPv4
stacks are both enabled.)
• IPv6 First
Select network stack
priority for UEFI PXE boot.
USB UEFI BIOS Support
• Disabled
• IPv4 First
• Enabled
Always On USB
• Disabled
• Enabled
Always On USB Charge in
off mode
• Disabled
USB 3.0 Mode
• Disabled
• Enabled
• Enabled
• Auto
Enable or disable boot
support for storage devices.
If you select Disabled, the
external USB devices
cannot be charged
through USB connectors in
power-off mode.
If you select Enabled, the
Always On USB connector
enables you to charge some
devices, such as iPod,
iPhone, and BlackBerry
smartphones when the
computer is turned off.
Set the USB 3.0 controller
mode for the ports shared
between USB 2.0 and USB
3.0 controllers.
If you select Auto, it enables
you to connect and route
appropriate USB 3.0 or USB
2.0 connectors.
If you select Enabled, it
enables USB 3.0 mode
and allows USB 3.0 to be
supported in the operating
system.
If you select Disabled, it
disables and hides the USB
3.0 controller, and USB 3.0
connectors will work as
USB 2.0 connectors.
Keyboard/Mouse
TrackPoint
• Disabled
• Enabled
Enable or disable the built-in
TrackPoint pointing device.
Note: If you want to use
an external mouse, select
Disabled.
Touch Pad
• Disabled
• Enabled
Enable or disable the built-in
touch pad.
Note: If you want to use
an external mouse, select
Disabled.
Chapter 8. Advanced configuration
117
Table 5. Config menu items (continued)
Menu item
Submenu item
Value
Comments
Fn and Ctrl Key swap
• Disabled
If you select Enabled, the
Fn key works as the Ctrl
key, and the Ctrl key works
as the Fn key.
• Enabled
Note: Even when Enabled
is selected, you need to
press the Fn key to resume
the computer from sleep
mode to normal operation.
Fn Key Lock
• Disabled
• Enabled
Keyboard Illumination
Control
• ThinkLight Only
• Keyboard backlight Only
• Both
Display
Boot Display Device
• ThinkPad LCD
• Analog (VGA)
• Digital on ThinkPad
• Digital 1 on dock
• Digital 2 on dock
If you select Enabled, you
can press the Fn key to keep
it in a pressed condition,
and then press the desired
function key. The action is
equivalent to pressing the
required key and the Fn key
simultaneously. If you press
the Fn key twice, the state
is locked until you press the
Fn key again.
Enable the ThinkLight
light feature, the keyboard
backlight feature, or both.
After you make a selection,
you can activate the
corresponding feature(s) by
pressing Fn+Space.
Select the display device
that is to be activated at
boot time. This selection
is effective for boot time,
password prompt, and
ThinkPad Setup.
Digital on Thinkpad is the
Mini DisplayPort on your
computer.
Digital 1 on dock and
Digital 2 on dock
are DisplayPort or DVI
connector on a docking
station.
Graphics Device
• Integrated Graphics
• Discrete Graphics
• NVIDIA Optimus
Integrated Graphics will
achieve longer battery
life, and Discrete Graphics
enhances performance.
NVIDIA Optimus runs as
Integrated Graphics mode
and Discrete Graphics is
enabled on demand.
Note: NVIDIA Optimus
mode should be selected
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User Guide
Table 5. Config menu items (continued)
Menu item
Submenu item
Value
Comments
only if you are using a
Windows 7 model.
Power
Intel SpeedStep®
technology (Intel
SpeedStep mounted
models only)
• Disabled
Select the mode of Intel
SpeedStep technology at
runtime.
• Enabled
Mode for AC
• Maximum Performance
• Battery Optimized
Mode for Battery
• Maximum Performance
• Battery Optimized
Adaptive Thermal
Management
Scheme for AC
• Maximize Performance
Maximum Performance:
Always highest speed
Battery Optimized: Always
lowest speed
Disabled: No runtime
support, lowest speed
Select a thermal
management scheme
to use.
• Balanced
Maximize Performance:
Reduces CPU throttling
Scheme for Battery
• Maximize Performance
• Balanced
Balanced: Balances
sound, temperature, and
performance
Note: Each scheme affects
fan sound, temperature,
and performance.
Optical Drive Speed
• High Performance
• Normal
• Silent
CPU Power Management
• Disabled
• Enabled
PCI Express Power
Management
• Disabled
Express Card Speed
• Generation 1
• Enabled
• Automatic
Set the speed of the
optical drive to the desired
performance.
Enable or disable the power
saving feature that stops
the microprocessor clock
automatically when there
are no system activities.
Normally, it is not necessary
to change the setting.
Enable or disable a feature
that automatically adjusts
power management when
there is no PCI Express
activity. Normally, it is not
necessary to change the
setting.
Set the transfer speed of the
ExpressCards to the desired
level of performance. The
Automatic option enables
the ExpressCard to specify
the transfer speed it
supports.
Chapter 8. Advanced configuration
119
Table 5. Config menu items (continued)
Menu item
Submenu item
Value
Comments
Power On with AC Attach
• Disabled
Enable or disable a feature
that powers on the system
when the ac power adapter
is attached.
• Enabled
If you select Enabled, the
system is powered on when
the ac power adapter is
attached. When the system
is in hibernate state, the
system resumes.
If you select Disabled, the
system is not powered on
nor resumed when the ac
power adapter is attached.
Intel (R) Rapid Start
Technology
• Disabled
• Enabled
Enter after:
• Immediately
• 1 minute
• 2 minutes
• 5 minutes
• 10 minutes
• 15 minutes
• 30 minutes
• 1 hour
• 2 hours
• 3 hours
Beep and Alarm
Password Beep
• Disabled
• Enabled
Keyboard Beep
• Enabled
• Disabled
Serial ATA (SATA)
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User Guide
SATA Controller Mode
Option
• Compatibility
• AHCI
Note: To use this feature,
a special partition on the
solid-state drive is required.
When enabled, the
computer enters a lower
power state after the
specified time in sleep
state. And it takes only
seconds to resume normal
operation.
Enable this option to have
a beep sound when the
system is waiting for a
power-on, hard disk, or
supervisor password.
Different beeps will sound
when the entered password
matches or does not match
the configured password.
Enable or disable keyboard
beep when unmanageable
key combinations are
pressed.
Select SATA controller
operation mode.
Table 5. Config menu items (continued)
Menu item
Submenu item
Value
Comments
CPU
Core Multi-Processing
• Disabled
Enable or disable additional
execution core units within
a CPU.
• Enabled
Note: If you are using a
computer with a single-core
processor, this item is not
available.
Intel AMT
Intel Hyper-Threading
Technology
• Disabled
Intel AMT Control
• Disabled
Enable or disable additional
logical processors within a
processor core.
• Enabled
• Enabled
• Permanently Disabled
If you select Enabled, Intel
AMT (Active Management
Technology) is configured
and additional setup items
are provided in MEBx
(Management Engine BIOS
Extension) Setup.
If you select Permanently
Disabled, you will never be
able to enable it again. Be
cautious when you want to
use this option.
Note: You can enter
the MEBx Setup menu
by pressing Ctrl+P key
combination in the Startup
Interrupt Menu window. To
display the Startup Interrupt
Menu, press the Enter key
during the POST.
CIRA Timeout
0-255
Note: The default value is
60 seconds.
Set the timeout option for
CIRA connection to be
established. 1 though 254
seconds are selectable.
If you select 0, use 60
seconds as the default
timeout value.
If you select 255, the
waiting time for establishing
a connection is unlimited.
Console Type
• PC-ANSI
• VT100+
• VT-UTF8
• VT100
Select the console type for
AMT.
Note: This console type
should match the Intel AMT
remote console.
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121
Date/Time menu
If you need to set the current date and time of your computer, select Date/Time from the ThinkPad Setup
menu. The following submenu is displayed:
• System Date
• System Time
To change the date and time, do the following:
1. Using the up and down arrow keys, select the item to change-date or time.
2. Press Tab, Shift Tab, or Enter to select a field.
3. Type the date or time.
Note: Another way to adjust date and time is press the “–” or “+” key.
Security menu
If you need to set the security features of your computer, select Security from the ThinkPad Setup menu.
The following table lists the Security menu items.
Notes:
• Default values are in boldface. The default settings are already optimized for you. If you consider
changing the computer configuration, proceed with extreme caution. Setting the configuration incorrectly
might cause unexpected results.
• On each submenu, press the Enter key to show selectable options and select a desired option by using
cursor key, or type desired values from the keyboard directly.
• Some items are displayed on the menu only if the computer supports the corresponding features.
Table 6. Security menu items
Menu item
Submenu item
Value
Comments
Password
Hardware Password
Manager
• Disabled
• Enabled
Manage your power-on password, supervisor
password, and your hard disk passwords.
Supervisor Password
• Disabled
See “Supervisor password” on page 50.
• Enabled
Lock UEFI BIOS
Settings
• Disabled
Set Minimum Length
• Disabled
• Enabled
• x characters
(4≤x≤12)
Password at
unattended boot
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User Guide
• Disabled
• Enabled
Enable or disable the function that protects items
in ThinkPad Setup from being changed by a user
who does not have the supervisor password. By
default, this is set to Disabled. If you set the
supervisor password and enable this function, no
one but you can change any items in ThinkPad
Setup.
Specify a minimum length for power-on
passwords and hard disk passwords. If you set
the supervisor password and specify a minimum
length for passwords, no one but you can change
the length.
If you select and enable Password at unattended
boot, a password prompt is displayed when the
computer is turned on, from either a power-off
mode or hibernation mode, by an unattended
event such as Wake on LAN. If you select
Disabled, no password prompt is displayed; the
Table 6. Security menu items (continued)
Menu item
Submenu item
Value
Comments
computer goes ahead and loads the operating
system. To prevent unauthorized access, set the
user authentication on the operating system.
Password at restart
• Disabled
• Enabled
Power-On Password
• Disabled
If you select and enable Password at restart,
a password prompt is displayed when you
restart the computer. If you select Disabled, no
password prompt is displayed; the computer
goes ahead and loads the operating system.
To prevent unauthorized access, set the user
authentication on the operating system.
See “Power-on password” on page 48.
• Enabled
Hard Disk x Password
• Disabled
• Enabled
See “Hard disk passwords” on page 48.
Notes:
• Hard Disk 1 means the hard disk drive built
into your computer.
• Hard Disk 2 is displayed on the Password
submenu only if a secondary hard disk drive is
installed in the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay.
Fingerprint
Predesktop
Authentication
• Disabled
Reader Priority
• External ➙
Internal
• Enabled
• Internal Only
Security Mode
• Normal
• High
Password
Authentication
• Disabled
Reset Fingerprint Data
• Enter
• Enabled
Enable or disable fingerprint authentication before
the operating system is loaded.
If External ➙ Internal is selected, an external
fingerprint reader is used if attached. Otherwise,
an internal fingerprint reader is used. If Internal
Only is selected, an internal fingerprint reader is
used.
If fingerprint authentication fails, you still can start
the computer by entering a password. If you have
selected Normal, enter a power-on password or
a supervisor password; if you have selected High,
enter a supervisor password.
Enable or disable password authentication. If
high security mode is selected, this item appears.
This option is used to erase all fingerprint data
stored in the fingerprint reader and reset settings
to the factory state (For example, Power-on
security, LEDs, and so on.) As a result, any
power-on security features previously enabled
will not be able to work until they are re-enabled
in the fingerprint software.
Chapter 8. Advanced configuration
123
Table 6. Security menu items (continued)
Menu item
Submenu item
Value
Comments
Security Chip
Security Chip
• Active
If you select Active, the security chip is functional.
If you select Inactive, the security chip option
is visible, but is not functional. If you select
Disabled, the security chip is hidden and the
option is not functional.
• Inactive
• Disabled
Security Reporting
Options
Enable or disable the following Security Reporting
Options:
• BIOS ROM String Reporting: BIOS text string
• CMOS Reporting: CMOS data
• NVRAM Reporting: Security data stored in
the Asset ID
• SMBIOS Reporting: SMBIOS data
Clear Security Chip
• Enter
Clear the encryption key.
Note: This item is displayed only if you have
selected Active for the security chip option.
Intel TXT Feature
• Disabled
• Enabled
Physical Presence for
Provisioning
• Disabled
Physical Presence for
Clear
• Disabled
Flash UEFI Updating by
End-Users
• Disabled
Secure RollBack
Prevention
• Disabled
Memory
Protection
Execution Prevention
• Disabled
Virtualization
Intel Virtualization
Technology
• Disabled
Intel VT-d Feature
• Disabled
UEFI BIOS
Update Option
• Enabled
• Enabled
• Enabled
• Enabled
• Enabled
• Enabled
• Enabled
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User Guide
Enable or disable Intel Trusted Execution
Technology.
This option enables or disables the confirmation
message when you change the settings of the
security chip.
This option enables or disables the confirmation
message when you clear the security chip.
If you select Enabled, all users can update the
UEFI BIOS. If you select Disabled, only the
person who knows the supervisor password can
update the UEFI BIOS.
If you select Disabled, end-user can flash the
older version UEFI BIOS. If you select Enabled,
end-user cannot flash the older version UEFI
BIOS.
Some computer viruses and worms cause
memory buffers to overflow by running code
where only data is allowed. If the Data Execution
Prevention feature can be used with your
operating system, then by selecting Enabled
you can protect your computer against attacks
by such viruses and worms. If after choosing
Enabled you find that program does not run
correctly, select Disabled and reset the setting.
If you select Enabled, a VMM (Virtual Machine
Monitor) can utilize the additional hardware
capabilities provided by Intel Virtualization
Technology.
Intel VT-d stands for Intel Virtualization Technology
for Directed I/O. When enabled, a VMM can utilize
the platform infrastructure for I/O virtualization.
Table 6. Security menu items (continued)
Menu item
Submenu item
Value
Comments
I/O Port Access
Ethernet LAN
• Disabled
If you select Enabled, you can use the Ethernet
LAN device.
• Enabled
Wireless LAN
• Disabled
• Enabled
WiMAX
• Disabled
• Enabled
Wireless WAN
• Disabled
• Enabled
Bluetooth
• Disabled
• Enabled
USB Port
• Disabled
• Enabled
ExpressCard Slot
• Disabled
• Enabled
Ultrabay (HDD/Optical)
• Disabled
• Enabled
Memory Card Slot
• Disabled
• Enabled
Smart Card Slot
• Disabled
• Enabled
Integrated Camera
• Disabled
• Enabled
Microphone
• Disabled
• Enabled
Fingerprint Reader
• Disabled
• Enabled
eSATA Port
• Disabled
• Enabled
Thunderbolt
• Disabled
• Enabled
Anti-Theft
Intel AT Module
Activation
• Disabled
• Enabled
• Permanently
Disabled
Computrace
• Disabled
• Enabled
If you select Enabled, you can use the wireless
LAN device.
If you select Enabled, you can use the WiMAX
device.
If you select Enabled, you can use the wireless
WAN device.
If you select Enabled, you can use the Bluetooth
device.
If you select Enabled, you can use the USB
connector.
If you select Enabled, you can use the
ExpressCard slot.
If you select Enabled, you can use the Ultrabay
(HDD/Optical) device.
If you select Enabled, you can use the
memorycard slot.
If you select Enabled, you can use the Smart
card slot.
If you select Enabled, you can use the integrated
camera.
If you select Enabled, you can use the
microphone (Internal, External, or Line-In).
If you select Enabled, you can use the fingerprint
reader.
If you select Enabled, you can use the eSATA
port.
If you select Enabled, you can use the
Thunderbolt feature.
Enable or disable the UEFI BIOS interface to
activate the Intel AT module, which is an optional
anti-theft service from Intel.
Note: If you set the Intel AT module activation
to Permanently Disabled, you will be unable to
enable this setting again.
Enable or disable the UEFI BIOS interface to
activate computrace module. Computrace is
Chapter 8. Advanced configuration
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Table 6. Security menu items (continued)
Menu item
Submenu item
Value
• Permanently
Disabled
Comments
an optional monitoring service from Absolute
Software.
Note: If you set the computrace module
activation to Permanently Disabled, you will be
unable to enable this setting again.
Secure Boot
Secure Boot
Platform Mode
• Disabled
• Enabled
Enables or disables UEFI Secure Boot feature.
Windows 8 operating system requires this feature
to be enabled.
• Setup Mode
Specify the system operating mode.
• User Mode
Secure Boot Mode
• Standard Mode
• Custom Mode
Reset to Setup Mode
Indicates Secure Boot mode is standard mode
or custom mode.
This option is used to clear the current platform
key and put the system into setup mode. You can
install your own platform key and customize the
Secure Boot signature databases in setup mode.
Secure Boot mode will be set to custom mode.
Restore Factory Keys
This option is used to restore all keys and
certificates in Secure Boot databases to factory
defaults. Any customized Secure Boot settings
will be erased, and the default platform key will
be re-established along with the original signature
databases including certificate for Windows 8
operating system.
Startup menu
To change the computer startup settings, select Startup from the ThinkPad Setup main menu.
Attention:
• After you change your startup sequence, you must be extremely careful not to specify a wrong device
during a copy, a save, or a format operation. If you specify a wrong device, your data and programs
might be erased or overwritten.
• If you are using the BitLocker drive encryption, you should not change the startup sequence. BitLocker
drive encryption detects the change of startup sequence and locks the computer from booting.
Changing the startup sequence
To change the startup sequence, do the following:
1. Select Boot or Network, then press Enter. The default boot list is displayed, showing the order in which
devices will be started up. Even devices that are not attached to or installed on your computer are listed.
• Use the Boot submenu to specify the startup sequence that runs when you turn on the power.
• Use the Network submenu to specify the startup sequence that runs when Wake on LAN is enabled.
Wake on LAN is commonly used by LAN administrators in corporate networks to get remote access
to your computer.
2. Set the startup sequence by using the following keys:
• Use cursor keys to select a device.
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User Guide
• Use F6 or the combination of Shift and + to move the device up to a higher priority.
• Use F5 or – to move the device down to a lower priority.
• Use the combination of Shift and ! to exclude or include a device.
3. Press F10 to save the changes and restart the system.
To change the startup sequence temporarily so that the system starts up from a different drive, do the
following:
1. Turn off the computer.
2. Turn on the computer; then, while the ThinkPad logo is displayed, press F12.
3. Select the device you want to start first.
Note: The boot menu will be displayed when the system cannot boot from any devices or the operating
system cannot be found.
The following table lists the Startup menu items.
Notes:
• Default values are in boldface.
• On each submenu, press the Enter key to show selectable options and select a desired option by using
cursor key.
• Some items are displayed on the menu only if the computer supports the corresponding features.
Table 7. Startup menu items
Menu item
Value
Comments
Boot
See “Changing the startup sequence”
on page 126.
Network Boot
Select the boot device when the system
wakes from LAN. If Wake On LAN is
enabled, the network administrator can
turn on all of the computers in a LAN
remotely by use of network management
software.
UEFI/Legacy Boot
• Both
– UEFI/Legacy Boot Priority
– UEFI first
– Legacy first
• UEFI Only
• Legacy Only
CSM Support (for UEFI Only)
• Yes
• No
Select system boot capability.
• Both: Select priority of boot options
between UEFI and Legacy.
• UEFI Only: The system will boot from
the UEFI enabled operating system.
• Legacy Only: The system will boot
from any operating system other than
the UEFI enabled one.
Note: If you select UEFI Only, the
system cannot boot from the bootable
devices that do not have the UEFI
enabled operating system.
Compatibility Support Module (CSM) is
required for booting the legacy operating
system. If you select UEFI Only, CSM
Support is selectable. For Both or
Legacy Only mode, CSM Support is not
selectable.
Chapter 8. Advanced configuration
127
Table 7. Startup menu items (continued)
Menu item
Value
Comments
Boot Mode
• Quick
Screen during the POST:
• Diagnostics
• Quick: The ThinkPad Logo screen is
displayed.
• Diagnostics: Text messages are
displayed.
Note: You also can enter Diagnostic
mode by pressing Esc during POST.
Option Keys display
• Disabled
• Enabled
Boot Device List F12 Option
• Disabled
• Enabled
Boot Order Lock
• Disabled
• Enabled
If you select Disabled, the “To interrupt
normal startup, press the Enter key.”
message is not displayed during the
POST.
If you select Enabled, the F12 key is
recognized and the Boot Menu window
is displayed.
If you select Enabled, the boot priority
order is locked for your future use.
Restart menu
If you need to close the ThinkPad Setup and restart the system, select Restart from the ThinkPad Setup
menu. The following submenu is displayed:
• Exit Saving Changes: Restart the system after saving the changes.
• Exit Discarding Changes: Restart the system without saving the changes.
• Load Setup Defaults: Load the default setting that was in effect at the time of purchase.
Enable OS Optimized Defaults to meet the Microsoft Windows 8 certification requirements. When you
change this setting, some other settings are changed automatically. The affected settings are CSM
Support, UEFI/Legacy Boot, Secure Boot, and Secure RollBack Prevention.
• Discard Changes: Discard the changes.
• Save Changes: Save the changes.
Updating your system UEFI BIOS
The Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) BIOS is a part of the system programs that make up the
basic layer of software built into your computer. The UEFI BIOS translates the instructions from other
software layers.
Your computer system board has a module called EEPROM, also referred to as flash memory. You can
update the UEFI BIOS by starting your computer with a flash update optical disc or flash update application
running in the Windows environment.
In some instances when you add software, hardware, or a device driver, you might be informed that you
need to update your UEFI BIOS in order for the new addition to work properly.
To update your UEFI BIOS, go to the following Web site and follow the instructions on the screen:
http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadDrivers
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Using system management
This section is intended primarily for network administrators.
Your computer is designed for manageability, so that you can redirect more of your resources to better
meet your business objectives.
This manageability, or so called as Total Cost of Ownership (TCO), enables you to remotely operate client
computers in the same way as you operate your own computer, such as turning on a client computer,
formatting hard disk drive, and installing software.
Once the computer is configured and operational, you can manage it by use of software and manageability
features already integrated into the client system and the network.
System management
Read this topic to learn more about features of system management.
Desktop Management Interface
The system UEFI BIOS of your computer supports an interface called System Management BIOS Reference
Specification (SMBIOS) V2.6.1. SMBIOS provides information about the hardware components of your
system. It is the responsibility of the BIOS to supply this database with information about itself and the
devices on the system board. This specification documents the standards for getting access to this BIOS
information.
Preboot eXecution Environment
The Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) technology makes your computer more manageable (it is PXE
2.1-compliant) by enabling it to boot (load an operating system or another executable image) from a
server. Your computer supports the personal computer functions that PXE requires. For example, with the
appropriate LAN card, your computer can be booted from the PXE server.
Note: The Remote Initial Program Load (RPL) function cannot be used with your computer.
Wake on LAN
A network administrator can use Wake on LAN to turn on a computer from a management console.
When Wake on LAN is used with network management software, many functions, such as data transfer,
software updates, and Flash updates of UEFI BIOS, can be performed remotely without remote attendance.
This updating process can be done after normal working hours and on weekends, to save time and increase
productivity. Users are not interrupted during normal working hours, and LAN traffic is kept to a minimum.
If a computer is turned on by the Wake on LAN function, the Network Boot sequence is used.
Asset ID EEPROM
The Asset ID EEPROM contains information about the system, including its configuration and the serial
numbers of key components. It also includes a number of blank fields in which you can record information
about the end users in your network.
Setting management features
To enable the network administrator to control your computer remotely, you must configure the network
interface by setting the system-management features in the ThinkPad Setup program. You can configure
the following functions in the program:
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• Wake on LAN
• Network Boot sequence
• Flash update
If an administrator password (supervisor password) has been set, you will need to specify it when you start
ThinkPad Setup to use these functions.
Wake on LAN
When the Wake on LAN feature is enabled on a computer that is connected to a LAN, a network administrator
can start the computer remotely from a management console, using remote network-management software.
When your computer is not under the network administrator's system management, you can disable Wake
on LAN.
To enable or disable Wake on LAN, do the following:
1. Start ThinkPad Setup.
2. Select Config. The Config submenu is displayed.
3. Select Network. The Network item submenu is displayed.
4. For Wake On LAN, select one of the following: AC Only, AC and Battery, or Disabled.
5. Press F10 to save changes and exit.
Network Boot sequence
When your computer is turned on remotely, the system will try to boot from the device that is specified in the
Network Boot setting, and then follow the boot order list on the Boot menu.
To define a sequence, do the following:
1. On the ThinkPad Setup program menu, select Startup. The submenu is displayed.
2. Select Network Boot and press the Enter key. The boot device list is displayed.
3. Select a boot device from the list to make it as the top boot priority.
4. Press F10 to save changes and exit.
Note: If you want to initialize the setting to return to the default startup sequence, press F9. The default
settings are automatically reloaded.
Flash update
Your network administrator can remotely update the system programs on your computer from a management
console. The following requirements must be met:
• Your computer must be started over the LAN.
• Your computer must be engaged in a Preboot eXecution Environment.
• Network-management software must be installed on the remote administrator's computer.
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Chapter 9. Preventing problems
An important part of owning a ThinkPad notebook is maintenance. With proper care, you can avoid common
problems. The chapter provides information that can help you to keep your computer running smoothly.
This chapter contains the following items:
•
“General tips for preventing problems” on page 131
•
“Making sure device drivers are current” on page 132
•
“Taking care of your computer” on page 133
General tips for preventing problems
CAUTION:
If your computer is equipped with both a hard disk drive and an mSATA solid state drive, you are not
recommended to use the mSATA solid state drive as a bootable device. The mSATA solid state drive is
designed and developed for the "cache" function purpose only. If you use the mSATA solid state drive
as a bootable device, its reliability is not guaranteed.
• Check the capacity of your hard disk drive from time to time. If the hard disk drive gets too full, the
Windows operating system will slow down and might produce errors.
To check the hard disk drive capacity, click Start ➙ Computer on the Windows 7 operating system, or
open the Windows Explorer and click Computer on the Windows 8 operating system.
• Empty your recycle bin on a regular basis.
• Use disk defragment tool regularly on your hard disk drive to improve data seek and read times.
• To free up disk space, uninstall unused programs.
Note: You also might want to look for program duplication or overlapping versions.
• Clean out your Inbox, Sent, and Trash folders from your e-mail client program.
• Back up your data at least once a week. If critical data is present, it is a good idea to perform a daily
backup operation. Lenovo has many backup options available for your computer. Rewritable optical
drives are available for most machines and can be installed easily.
• Schedule system restore operations to take a system snapshot periodically. For more information about
system restore, see Chapter 5 “Recovery overview” on page 59.
• Update device drivers and UEFI BIOS when needed.
• Profile your computer at http://www.lenovo.com/support to keep up to date with current drivers and
revisions.
• Keep up to date for device drivers on other non-Lenovo hardware. You might want to read the device
driver information release notes prior to updating for compatibility or known issues.
• Keep a log book. Entries might include major hardware or software changes, driver updates, minor issues
you have experienced, and how you resolved the minor issues.
• If you ever need to run a recovery operation on your computer, the following tips might help along the way:
– Remove all external devices such as the printer, keyboard, and so on.
– Make sure that your battery is charged and that you have ac power connected.
– Boot into ThinkPad Setup and load the default settings.
– Restart the computer and start the recovery operation.
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– If your computer uses discs as the recovery media, do not remove the disc from the drive until
prompted to do so.
• For suspected hard disk drive issues, refer to “Diagnosing problems” on page 137 prior to calling the
Customer Support Center. If your computer does not start up, download the files to create a bootable
self-test media from the following Web site: http://www.lenovo.com/hddtest. Run the test and record any
messages or error codes. If the test returns any failing error codes or messages, call the Customer Support
Center with the codes or messages and the computer in front of you. A technician will assist you further.
• If required, you can find your country's Customer Support Center at the following Web address:
http://www.lenovo.com/support/phone. When calling the Customer Support Center, make sure that you
have your machine model type, serial number, and the computer in front of you. Also, if the computer is
producing error codes, it is helpful to have the error screen on or the message written down.
Making sure device drivers are current
Device drivers are programs that contain instructions for the operating system about how to operate or
“drive” a certain piece of hardware. Each hardware component on your computer has its own specific driver.
If you add a new component, the operating system needs to be instructed on how to operate that piece
of hardware. After you install the driver, the operating system can recognize the hardware component
and understand how to use it.
Note: Because drivers are programs, like any other file on your computer, they are susceptible to corruption
and might not perform correctly if corruption occurs.
It is not always necessary to download the latest drivers. However, you should download the latest driver
for a component if you notice poor performance from that component or if you added a new component.
This might eliminate the driver as the potential cause of the problem.
Getting the latest drivers from the Web site
You can download and install updated device drivers from the Lenovo Web site by doing the following:
1. Go to http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadDrivers.
2. Enter the product number of the computer or click Detect my system on the screen.
3. Click Downloads and drivers.
4. Follow the directions on the screen and install the necessary software.
Getting the latest drivers using System Update
The System Update program helps you keep the software on your system up-to-date. Update packages are
stored on Lenovo servers and can be downloaded from the Lenovo Support Web site. Update packages can
contain applications, device drivers, UEFI BIOS flashes, or software updates. When the System Update
program connects to the Lenovo Support Web site, the System Update program automatically recognizes
the machine type and model of your computer, the installed operating system, and the language of the
operating system to determine what updates are available for your computer. The System Update program
then displays a list of update packages and categorizes each update as critical, recommended, or optional to
help you understand the importance. You have complete control of which updates to download and install.
After you select the update packages you want, the System Update program automatically downloads and
installs the updates without any further intervention from you.
The System Update program is preinstalled on your computer and is ready to run. The only prerequisite is
an active Internet connection. You can start the program manually, or you can use the schedule feature
to enable the program to search for updates automatically at specified intervals. You also can predefine
scheduled updates to search by severity (critical updates, critical and recommended updates, or all updates)
so the list you choose from contains only those update types that are of interest to you.
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Taking care of your computer
Although your computer is designed to function reliably in normal work environments, you need to use
common sense in handling it. By following these important tips, you will get the most use and enjoyment
out of your computer.
Be careful about where and how you work
• Store packing materials safely out of the reach of children to prevent the risk of suffocation from plastic
bags.
• Keep your computer away from magnets, activated cellular phones, electrical appliances, or speakers
(more than 13 cm or 5 inch).
• Avoid subjecting your computer to extreme temperatures (below 5°C/41°F or above 35°C/95°F).
• Some appliances, such as certain portable desktop fans or air purifiers, can produce negative ions. If a
computer is close to such an appliance, and is exposed for an extended time to air containing negative
ions, it may become electrostatically charged. Such a charge may be discharged through your hands
when you touch the keyboard or other parts of the computer, or through connectors on I/O devices
connected to it. Even though this kind of electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the opposite of a discharge from
your body or clothing to the computer, it poses the same risk of a computer malfunction.
Your computer is designed and manufactured to minimize any effects of electrostatic charge. An electrostatic
charge above a certain limit, however, can increase the risk of ESD. Therefore, when using the computer
close to an appliance that can produce negative ions, give special attention to the following:
• Avoid directly exposing your computer to the air from an appliance that can produce negative ions.
• Keep your computer and peripherals as far as possible from such an appliance.
• Wherever possible, ground your computer to facilitate safe electrostatic discharge.
Note: Not all such appliances cause a significant electrostatic charge.
Be gentle with your computer
• Avoid placing any objects (including paper) between the display and the keyboard or the palm rest.
• Your computer display is designed to be opened and used at an angle slightly greater than 90 degrees.
Do not open the display beyond 180 degrees, as this might damage the computer hinge.
• Do not turn your computer over while the ac power adapter is plugged in. This could break the adapter
plug.
Carry your computer properly
• Before moving your computer, be sure to remove any media, turn off attached devices, and disconnect
cords and cables.
• When picking up your open computer, hold it by the bottom. Do not pick up or hold your computer by
the display.
Handle storage media and drives properly
• If your computer comes with an optical drive, do not touch the surface of a disc or the lens on the tray.
• Wait until you hear the CD or DVD click into the center pivot of the drive before closing the tray.
• On your computer, use only optical drives designed for use with the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay.
Note: You can install a 9.5-mm-thick Serial Ultrabay Slim device in the Serial Ultrabay Slim bay.
• When installing the hard disk drive, solid state drive, or optical drive, follow the instructions shipped with
your hardware, and apply pressure only where needed on the device.
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• Turn off your computer if you are replacing the hard disk drive or solid state drive.
• When replacing the primary hard disk drive or solid state drive, reattach the cover of the drive slot.
• Store your external and removable hard disk or optical drives in the appropriate containers or packaging
when they are not being used.
• Before you install any of the following devices, touch a metal table or a grounded metal object. This action
reduces any static electricity from your body. The static electricity could damage the device.
– Memory module
– Mini-PCI card
– ExpressCard
– CompactFlash
– Smart card
– Memory card, such as SD card, SDHC card, SDXC card, and MultiMediaCard.
Note: Not all listed devices are included in your computer.
This action reduces any static electricity from your body. The static electricity could damage the device.
• When transferring data to or from a flash media card, such as an SD card, do not put your computer in
sleep or hibernation mode before the data transfer is complete. To do so might cause damage to your
data.
Take care in setting passwords
• Remember your passwords. If you forget a supervisor or hard disk password, Lenovo will not reset it, and
you might have to replace your system board, or hard disk drive or solid state drive.
Care for the fingerprint reader
The following actions could damage the fingerprint reader or cause it not to work properly:
• Scratching the surface of the reader with a hard, pointed object.
• Scraping the surface of the reader with your fingernail or anything hard.
• Using or touching the reader with a dirty finger.
If you notice any of the following conditions, gently clean the surface of the reader with a dry, soft, lint-free
cloth:
• The surface of the reader is dirty or stained.
• The surface of the reader is wet.
• The reader often fails to enroll or authenticate your fingerprint.
Register your computer
• Register your ThinkPad computer with Lenovo. For more information, see “Registering your computer”
on page 19.
Be sure not to modify your computer
• Only an authorized ThinkPad repair technician should disassemble and repair your computer.
• Do not modify or tape the latches to keep the display open or closed.
Cleaning the cover of your computer
Occasionally clean your computer by doing the following:
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1. Prepare a mixture of a gentle kitchen-use detergent (one that does not contain abrasive powder or
strong chemicals such as acid or alkaline). Use 5 parts water to 1 part detergent.
2. Absorb the diluted detergent into a sponge.
3. Squeeze excess liquid from the sponge.
4. Wipe the cover with the sponge, using a circular motion and taking care not to let any excess liquid drip.
5. Wipe the surface to remove the detergent.
6. Rinse the sponge with clean running water.
7. Wipe the cover with the clean sponge.
8. Wipe the surface again with a dry, soft, lint-free cloth.
9. Wait for the surface to dry completely and remove any fibers from the cloth.
Cleaning your computer keyboard
To clean the computer keyboard, do the following:
1. Apply some isopropyl rubbing alcohol to a soft, dust-free cloth.
2. Wipe each keytop surface with the cloth. Wipe the keys one by one; if you wipe several keys at a time,
the cloth might hook onto an adjacent key and possibly damage it. Make sure that no liquid drips onto
or between the keys.
3. Allow to dry.
4. To remove any crumbs or dust from beneath the keys, you can use a camera blower with a brush
or cool air from a hair dryer.
Note: Avoid spraying cleaner directly onto the display or the keyboard.
Cleaning your computer display
To clean the computer display, do the following:
1. Gently wipe the display with a dry, soft lint-free cloth. If you see a scratchlike mark on your display, it
might be a stain transferred from the keyboard or the TrackPoint pointing stick when the cover was
pressed from the outside.
2. Wipe or dust the stain gently with a soft, dry cloth.
3. If the stain remains, moisten a soft, lint-free cloth with water or a 50-50 mixture of isopropyl alcohol and
water that does not contain impurities.
4. Wring out as much of the liquid as you can.
5. Wipe the display again; do not let any liquid drip into the computer.
6. Be sure to dry the display before closing it.
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Chapter 10. Troubleshooting computer problems
This chapter provides information on what to do if you experience a problem with your computer.
•
“Diagnosing problems” on page 137
•
“Troubleshooting” on page 137
Diagnosing problems
If you experience problems with your computer, use the Lenovo Solution Center program as a starting
point for solving them.
The Lenovo Solution Center program enables you to troubleshoot and resolve computer problems. It
combines diagnostic tests, system information collection, security status, and support information, along
with hints and tips for maximum system performance.
Notes:
• The Lenovo Solution Center program can be downloaded from www.lenovo.com/diags.
• If you are using other Windows operating system rather than Windows 7 and Windows 8, go to
http://www.lenovo.com/diagnose for the latest information on diagnostics for your computer.
If your computer is installed with the Windows 7 operating system, when you are setting up your computer,
the Lenovo Solution Center program prompts you to create recovery media, which you can use to restore
the hard disk drive to the factory default state. For more information, see “Creating and using a recovery
media” on page 59.
To run the Lenovo Solution Center program, see “Lenovo programs” on page 14.
For additional information, refer to the Lenovo Solution Center help system.
Note: If you are unable to isolate and repair the problem yourself after running the program, save and print
the log files. You will need the log files when you speak to a Lenovo technical support representative.
Troubleshooting
If your computer has an error, it typically displays a message or an error code, or a beep sounds when
you turn it on. When you experience a problem, refer to the corresponding sections in this topic to try to
solve the problem by yourself.
Computer stops responding
Print these instructions now and keep it with your computer for reference later.
If your computer is completely unresponsive (you cannot use the UltraNav pointing device or the keyboard),
do the following steps:
1. Push and hold the power button until the machine turns off. After the computer is turned off, restart by
pressing the power button. If the machine does not turn on, continue to step 2.
Note: Do not remove the battery and ac power to reset the computer.
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2. While the machine is turned off, remove all power sources from the computer (battery and ac power).
Hold down the power button for 10 seconds. Plug in the ac power while keeping the battery out of the
computer. If the computer does not turn back on, continue to step 3.
Note: Once the computer starts up and enters the Windows environment, use the proper shutdown
procedure to turn the computer off. Once the machine is off, reattach the battery and restart the
computer. If the computer does not start with the battery reattached, remove the battery and again
start with step 2. If the computer starts with ac power but does not start when the battery is attached,
call the Customer Support Center for support.
3. While the machine is off, remove all sources of power from the machine (battery and ac power). Remove
all external devices that are attached to your computer (keyboard, mouse, printer, scanner, and so on.).
Repeat step 2. If step 2 is unsuccessful, continue to step 4.
Note: The following steps involve removing static sensitive components from your computer. Please
make sure that you are properly grounded and remove all sources of power attached to the computer.
If you are uncomfortable or unsure about removing components please call the Customer Support
Center for assistance.
4. While the computer is off, remove all sources of power and external hardware. Remove any non-original
memory module added to your computer. After removing the extra memory module and reseating
the original memory module, repeat step 2. If the computer still does not turn on, consult the user's
reference guide for other customer-replaceable components that are attached to your computer
If the computer still does not start up, call the Customer Support Center and a Customer Support Specialist
will assist you.
Spills on the keyboard
With a mobile computer, there are increased chances of spilling liquids on the keyboard. Because most
liquids conduct electricity, liquid spilled on the keyboard could create numerous short circuits, potentially
causing irreparable damage to your computer.
If you spill something on your computer:
Attention: Be sure that no liquid creates a short circuit between you and the ac power adapter (if in use).
Although you might lose some data or work by turning off the computer immediately, leaving the computer
on might make your computer unusable.
1. Carefully unplug the ac power adapter immediately.
2. Turn off the computer immediately. If the computer does not turn off, remove the battery. The more
quickly you stop the current from passing through the computer the more likely you will reduce damage
from short circuits.
3. Wait until you are certain that all the liquid is dry before turning on your computer.
Note: If you want to replace your keyboard, you can purchase a new one.
Error messages
• Message: 0176: System Security - The System has been tampered with.
Solution: This message is displayed if you remove the Security Chip and reinstall it, or install a new one.
To clear the error, enter the ThinkPad Setup. If this does not solve the problem, have the computer
serviced.
• Message: 0177: Bad SVP data, stop POST task.
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Solution: Checksum of the supervisor password in the EEPROM is not correct. The system board
should be replaced. Have the computer serviced.
• Message: 0182: Bad CRC of Security Settings in EEPROM. Enter ThinkPad Setup.
Solution: Checksum of the Security settings in the EEPROM is not correct. Enter ThinkPad Setup to
check Security settings, Press F10 and then press Enter to restart the system. If you still have a problem,
have the computer serviced.
• Message: 0183: Bad CRC of Security Settings in EFI Variable. Enter ThinkPad Setup.
Solution: Checksum of the Security settings in the EFI Variable is not correct. Enter ThinkPad Setup
to check Security settings, Press F10 and then press Enter to restart the system. If you still have a
problem, have the computer serviced.
• Message: 0187: EAIA data access error
Solution: The access to EEPROM is failed. Have the computer serviced.
• Message: 0188: Invalid RFID Serialization Information Area
Solution: The EEPROM checksum is not correct (block # 0 and 1). The system board should be replaced,
and the box serial number needs to be reinstalled. Have the computer serviced.
• Message: 0189: Invalid RFID configuration information area
Solution: The EEPROM checksum is not correct (block # 4 and 5). The system board should be replace,
and the UUID needs to be reinstalled. Have the computer serviced.
• Message: 0190: Critical low-battery error
Solution: The computer turned off, because the battery is low. Connect the ac power adapter to the
computer and charge the battery, or replace the battery with a fully charged one.
• Message: 0191: System Security - Invalid remote change requested
Solution: The system configuration change has failed. Confirm the operation and try again. To clear
the error, enter the ThinkPad Setup.
• Message: 0192: System Security - Embedded Security hardware tamper detected
Solution: The Security Chip has been replaced with a different one. Have the computer serviced.
• Message: 0199: System Security - Security password retry count exceeded
Solution: This message is displayed if you enter a wrong supervisor password more than three times.
Confirm the supervisor password and try again. To clear the error, enter the ThinkPad Setup.
• Message: 0251: System CMOS checksum bad - Default configuration used
Solution: The system CMOS might have been corrupted by an application program. The computer uses
the default settings. Run ThinkPad Setup to reconfigure the settings. If you still see the same error code,
have the computer serviced.
• Message: 0253: EFI Variable Block Data was destroyed.
Solution: The system EFI Variable Block Data might have been corrupted. Press F1 to go to the ThinkPad
Setup. Press F9 and then press Enter to load the default setting. Press F10 and then press Enter to restart
the system. If you still have a problem, have the computer serviced.
• Message: 0271: Check date and time settings
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Solution: Neither the date nor the time is set in the computer. Set the date and time, using the ThinkPad
Setup.
• Message: 1802: Unauthorized network card is plugged in - Power off and remove the network card.
Solution: The mini PCI Express network card is not supported on this computer. Remove it.
• Message: 1820: More than one external fingerprint readers are attached. Power off and remove all but
the reader that you set up within your main operating system.
Solution: Power off and remove all but the reader that you set up within your main operating system.
• Message: 2000: ThinkVantage Active Protection sensor diagnostics failed.
Solution: ThinkVantage Active Protection sensor is not working correctly. Have the computer serviced.
• Message: 2100: Detection error on HDD0 (Main HDD)
Solution: The hard disk is not working. Have the hard disk serviced.
• Message: 2101: Detection error on HDD1 (Ultrabay HDD)
Solution: The hard disk is not working. Have the hard disk serviced.
• Message: 2102: Detection error on HDD2 (Mini SATA)
Solution: The Mini SATA device is not working. Have the Mini SATA device serviced.
• Message: 2110: Read error on HDD0 (Main HDD)
Solution: The hard disk is not working. Have the hard disk serviced.
• Message: 2111: Read error on HDD1 (Ultrabay HDD)
Solution: The hard disk is not working. Have the hard disk serviced.
• Message: 2112: Read error on HDD2 (Mini SATA)
Solution: The Mini SATA device is not working. Have the Mini SATA device serviced.
• Message: 2200: Machine Type and Serial Number are invalid.
Solution: Machine Type and Serial Number are invalid. Have the computer serviced.
• Message: 2201: Machine UUID is invalid.
Solution: Machine UUID is invalid. Have the computer serviced.
• Message: The power-on password prompt
Solution: A power-on password or a supervisor password is set. Type the password and press Enter to
use the computer (refer to “Using passwords” on page 47). If the power-on password is not accepted, a
supervisor password might have been set. Type the supervisor password and press Enter. If you still see
the same error message, have the computer serviced.
• Message: The hard disk password prompt
Solution: A hard disk password is set. Type the password and press Enter to use the computer (refer to
“Hard disk passwords” on page 48).
• Message: Hibernation error
Solution: The system configuration changed between the time your computer entered hibernation mode
and the time it left this mode, and your computer cannot resume normal operation.
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– Restore the system configuration to what it was before your computer entered hibernation mode.
– If the memory size has been changed, re-create the hibernation file.
• Message: Fan error
Solution: Cooling fan has failed. Have the computer serviced.
• Message: This system supports only batteries specially designed for this specific system and
manufactured by Lenovo or an authorized builder. The system does not support unauthorized batteries or
batteries designed for other systems. If an unauthorized battery or a battery designed for another system
is installed, the system will not charge. Press the ESC key to continue.
Attention: Lenovo has no responsibility for the performance or safety of unauthorized batteries, and
provides no warranties for failures or damage arising out of their use.
Solution: Replace the battery with the correct Lenovo battery for this system. If you still see the same
error message, contact with Lenovo service to have the computer serviced.
• Message: The battery installed is not supported by this system and will not charge. Please replace the
battery with the correct Lenovo battery for this system. Press the ESC key to continue.
Solution: Replace the battery with the correct Lenovo battery for this computer. If you still see the same
error message, contact Lenovo service to have the computer serviced.
Errors without messages
• Problem: My screen keeps blanking when I do not want it to.
Solution: If you system is preinstalled with the Windows 7 operating system, you can disable any system
timers, such as the LCD turn-off timer or the blank timer by doing the following:
1. Start Power Manager.
2. Click the Power plan tab, and then select Maximum Performance from the predefined power plans.
• Problem: When I turn on the machine, nothing appears on the screen and the machine does not beep
while starting up.
Note: If you are not sure whether you heard any beeps, turn off the computer by pressing and holding the
power button for four seconds or more. Turn it on and listen again.
Solution: Make sure that:
– The battery is installed correctly.
– The ac power adapter is connected to the computer and the power cord is plugged into a working
electrical outlet.
– The computer is turned on. (Turn the power button on again for confirmation.)
If a power-on password is set:
– Press any key to display the prompt for the power-on password. If the brightness level of the screen is
low, increase it by pressing the Fn+F8 or Fn+F9.
– Type the correct password and press Enter (refer to “Using passwords” on page 47).
If these items are properly set, and the screen remains blank, have the computer serviced.
• Problem: When I turn on the computer, only a white cursor is displayed on a blank screen.
Solution: If you have modified a partition on your hard disk drive by using partition software, information
about that partition, or the master boot record might have been destroyed.
1. Turn off the computer, and then turn it on again.
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2. If you still see only the cursor on the screen, do the following:
– If you have used the partition software, examine the partition on the hard disk drive by using the
software, and recover the partition if required.
– If your system is installed with the Windows 7 operating system, use Rescue and Recovery
workspace or the recovery discs to restore the system to the factory state.
– If your system is installed with the Windows 8 operating system, use either the Remove everything
and reinstall Windows function or the recovery discs to restore the system to the factory state.
If the problem persists, have the computer serviced.
• Problem: My screen goes blank while the computer is on.
Solution: Your screen saver or power management may be enabled. Do either of the following:
– Touch the TrackPoint or the touch pad, or press a key to exit the screen saver.
– Press the power button to resume from sleep or hibernation.
Beep errors
Table 8. Beep errors
Problem
Solution
One short beep, pause, three short beeps, pause, three
more short beeps, and one short beep
Make sure that memory modules are installed correctly. If
they are, and you still hear the beeps, have the computer
serviced.
One long and two short beeps
The video function has a problem. Have the computer
serviced.
Four cycles of four short beeps
The Security Chip has a problem. Have the computer
serviced.
Five beeps
The system board has a problem. Have the computer
serviced.
Memory problems
Print these instructions now and keep it with your computer for reference later.
If your memory is not operating properly, check the following items:
1. Verify that the memory is installed and seated correctly in your computer.
It may be necessary to remove all added memories to test the computer with only the factory-installed
memories, and then reinstall the memory one at a time to ensure a proper connection. For the
procedures to remove and reinstall a memory, refer to “Replacing a memory module” on page 69.
2. Check for error messages during startup.
Follow the appropriate corrective actions for Power-on self-test (POST) . See “Error messages” on
page 138.
3. Verify that the latest UEFI for your model has been installed.
4. Verify the proper memory configuration and compatibility including the maximum memory size and the
memory speed.
For details, refer to the instructions in “Replacing a memory module” on page 69.
5. Run diagnostic programs. See “Diagnosing problems” on page 137.
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Networking
The following are the most common networking problems:
Ethernet problems
• Problem: Your computer cannot connect to the network.
Solution: Make sure that:
– The cable is installed properly.
The network cable must be securely connected both to the Ethernet connector of your computer and
to the RJ45 connector of the hub. The maximum allowable distance from the computer to hub is
100 meters. If the cable is connected and the distance is within acceptable limits but the problem
persists, try a different cable.
– You are using the correct device driver. To install correct driver, do the following:
1. Open Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound ➙ Device Manager. If you are prompted for
an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation.
2. Click Hardware and Sound.
3. Click Device Manager. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type
the password or provide confirmation.
4. If the ! mark is to the left of the adapter name under Network adapters, you might not use the
correct driver or the driver is not enabled. To update the driver, right-click the highlighted adapter.
5. Click Update Driver Software, and then follow the instructions on the screen.
– The switch port and the adapter have the same duplex setting.
If you configured the adapter for full duplex, make sure the switch port is also configured for full
duplex. Setting the wrong duplex mode can degrade performance, cause data loss, or result in lost
connections.
– You have installed all networking software that is necessary for your network environment.
Check with your LAN administrator for the necessary networking software.
• Problem: The adapter stops working for no apparent reason.
Solution: The network driver files may be corrupt or missing. Update the driver by referring to the solution
description above for the procedure to make sure that the correct device driver is installed.
• Problem: If your computer is a Gigabit Ethernet model and you use a speed of 1000 Mbps, the
connection fails or errors occur.
Solution:
– Use Category 5 wiring and make sure that the network cable is securely connected.
– Connect to a 1000 BASE-T hub/switch (not 1000 BASE-X).
• Problem: The Wake on LAN feature is not working.
Solution: Make sure that Wake on LAN is enabled in ThinkPad Setup. If it is, check with your LAN
administrator for the necessary settings.
• Problem: If your computer is a Gigabit Ethernet model, it cannot connect to the network at 1000 Mbps.
Instead, it connects at 100 Mbps.
Solution:
– Try another cable.
– Make sure that the link partner is set to auto-negotiate.
– Make sure that the switch is 802.3ab-compliant (gigabit over copper).
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A wireless LAN problem
Problem: You cannot connect to the network using the built-in wireless network card.
Solution: Make sure that:
• Your wireless LAN driver is the latest version.
• your computer is within range of a wireless access point.
• The wireless radio is enabled.
Make sure that the wireless radio is enabled by double-clicking the Access Connections icon in the Windows
notification area.
For Windows 7 operating system, check the Network Name (SSID) and your encryption information. Use the
Access Connections program to verify this case-sensitive information.
A wireless WAN problem
Message: A message is displayed indicating that an unauthorized wireless WAN card is installed.
Solution: The wireless WAN card is not supported on this computer. Remove it.
Note: Depending on your computer, some models do not have a wireless WAN.
Bluetooth problems
Note: Check your connection anytime and make sure that no other Bluetooth-enabled device is searching for
the device to which you want to connect. Simultaneous searching is not allowed in the Bluetooth connection.
• Problem: Sound does not come from the Bluetooth headset/headphone but comes from the local
speaker even though the Bluetooth headset/headphone is connected using a Headset profile or AV profile.
Solution: Do the following:
1. Exit the program that uses the sound device (for example, Windows Media Player).
2. Open Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound ➙ Sound ➙ Playback.
3. If you are using a Headset profile, select Bluetooth Hands-free Audio and click the Set Default
button. If you are using an AV profile, select Stereo Audio and click the Set Default button.
4. Click OK to close the Sound window.
• Problem: PIM items sent from the Windows 7 operating system cannot be received correctly into the
address book of any other Bluetooth-enabled device.
Solution: The Windows 7 operating system sends PIM items in XML format, but most Bluetooth-enabled
devices handle PIM items in vCard format. If another Bluetooth-enabled device can receive a file through
Bluetooth, a PIM item sent from the Windows 7 might be saved as a file with the extension .contact.
Keyboard and other pointing devices
The following are the most common keyboard and other pointing devices problems:
UltraNav problems
• Problem: The pointer drifts when the computer is turned on or after it resumes normal operation.
Solution: The pointer might drift when you are not using the TrackPoint pointing device during normal
operation. This is a normal characteristic of the TrackPoint pointing device and is not a defect. Pointer
drifting might occur for several seconds under the following conditions:
– When the computer is turned on
– When the computer resumes normal operation
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– When the TrackPoint pointing device is kept pressed for a long time
– When the temperature changes
• Problem: The TrackPoint pointing device or touch pad does not work.
Solution: Make sure that the TrackPoint pointing device or touch pad is enabled in the UltraNav Device
Setting window.
Keyboard problems
• Problem: All or some keys on the keyboard do not work.
Solution: If an external numeric keypad is connected:
1. Turn off the computer.
2. Remove the external numeric keypad.
3. Turn on the computer and try using the keyboard again.
If the keyboard problem is resolved, carefully reconnect the external numeric keypad and the external
keyboard. Make sure that you have seated the connectors correctly.
If the problem persists, make sure that the correct device driver is installed by doing the following:
1. Open Control Panel. Change the view of Control Panel from Category to Large icons or Small icons.
2. Click Keyboard.
3. Select the Hardware tab. In the Device Properties pane, make sure that you see this message:
Device Status: This device is working properly.
If keys on the keyboard still do not work, have the computer serviced.
• Problem: All or some keys on the external numeric keypad do not work.
Solution: Make sure that the external numeric keypad is correctly connected to the computer.
Display and multimedia devices
This topic includes the most common problems with displays and multimedia devices, including the
computer display, the external monitor, audio devices, and the optical drive.
Computer screen problems
• Problem: The screen is blank.
Solution: Do the following:
– Press Fn+F7 to bring up the image.
– If you are using the ac power adapter, or using the battery and the battery status indicator is on (is
green), press Fn+F9 to make the screen brighter.
– If the sleep status indicator is on (is green), press Fn to resume from the sleep mode.
– If the problem persists, follow the solution for the following problem.
• Problem: The screen is unreadable or distorted.
Solution: Make sure that:
– The display device driver is installed correctly.
– The screen resolution and color quality are correctly set.
– The monitor type is correct.
To check these settings, do the following:
1. Right-click on the desktop, and click Personalize.
2. Click Display at the left.
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3. Select Change display settings. Check whether the screen resolution is correctly set.
4. Click Advanced Settings.
5. Click the Adapter tab. Ensure that the correct device driver name is shown in the adapter information
window.
Note: The device driver name depends on the video chip that has been installed on your computer.
6. Click the Properties button. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type
the password or provide confirmation. Check the Device status box and make sure that the device
is working correctly. If not, click the Troubleshoot button and follow the instructions on the screen.
7. Click the Monitor tab. Ensure that the correct device driver name is shown in the adapter information
window.
8. Click the Properties button. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type
the password or provide confirmation. Check the Device status box and make sure that the device
is working correctly. If not, click the Troubleshoot button and follow the instructions on the screen.
9. Click the Color Management tab. Check whether the color quality is correctly set, and ensure
that the other information also is correct. If you are prompted for an administrator password or
confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation. Check the Device status box and ensure
that the device is working correctly. If not, click the Troubleshoot button and follow the instructions
on the screen.
• Problem: Incorrect characters are displayed on the screen.
Solution: Did you install the operating system or program correctly? If they are installed and configured
correctly, have the computer serviced.
• Problem: The screen stays on even after you turn off your computer.
Solution: Press and hold the power button for four seconds or more to turn off your computer; then
turn it on again.
• Problem: Missing, discolored, or bright dots appear on the screen every time you turn on your computer.
Solution: This is an intrinsic characteristic of the TFT technology. Your computer display contains
multiple thin-film transistors (TFTs). A small number of missing, discolored, or bright dots on the screen
might exist all the time.
External monitor problems
• Problem: The external monitor is blank.
Solution: To bring up the image, press Fn+F7 and select the desired monitor. If the problem persists,
do the following:
1. Connect the external monitor to another computer to make sure that it works.
2. Reconnect the external monitor to your computer.
3. Refer to the manual shipped with the external monitor to check the resolutions and refresh rates that
are supported.
– If the external monitor supports the same resolution as the computer display or a higher resolution,
view output on the external monitor or on both the external monitor and the computer display.
– If the external monitor supports a lower resolution than the computer display, view output on the
external monitor only. (If you view output on both the computer display and the external monitor,
the external monitor screen will be blank or distorted.)
• Problem: You cannot set a higher resolution than the present one on your external monitor.
Solution: Make sure that the monitor type and other information is correct. If necessary, update the
monitor driver. See “Attaching an external monitor” on page 36.
• Problem: The screen is unreadable or distorted.
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Solution: Make sure that:
– The monitor information is correct and the appropriate monitor type is selected. Refer to the solution
to the above problem.
– Make sure that an appropriate refresh rate is selected by doing the following:
1. Connect the external monitor to the monitor connector, and then connect the monitor to an
electrical outlet.
2. Turn on the external monitor and the computer.
3. Right-click on the desktop, and click Screen resolution.
Note: If your computer cannot detect the external monitor, click the Detect button.
4. Click the icon for the desired monitor (the Monitor-2 icon is for the external monitor).
5. Click Advanced Settings.
6. Click the Monitor tab.
7. Select the correct screen refresh rate.
• Problem: Wrong characters are displayed on the screen.
Solution: Did you follow the correct procedure when installing the operating system or program? If you
did, have the external monitor serviced.
• Problem: The Extend desktop function does not work.
Solution: Enable the Extend desktop function. See “Using the Extend desktop function” on page 39.
• Problem: If you use the Extend desktop function, you cannot set a higher resolution or higher refresh
rate on the secondary display.
Solution: Change the resolution and the color depth to lower settings for the primary display.
• Problem: Display switching does not work.
Solution: If you use the Extend desktop function, disable it, and change the display output location. If
a DVD movie or a video clip is playing, stop the playback, close the program, and then change the
display output location.
• Problem: The screen position on the external monitor is incorrect when that monitor is set for a high
resolution.
Solution: Sometimes, when you use a high resolution such as 1600x1200, the image is shifted to left or
right on the screen. To correct this, first make sure that your external monitor supports the display mode
(the resolution and the refresh rate) that you have set. If it does not, set a display mode that the monitor
supports. If it does support the display mode you have set, go to the setup menu for the monitor itself
and adjust the settings there. Usually the external monitor has buttons for access to the setup menu. For
details, see the documentation that comes with the monitor.
Audio problems
• Problem: Wave or MIDI sound does not play correctly.
Solution: Make sure that the built-in audio device is configured correctly.
1. Open Control Panel.
2. Click Hardware and Sound.
3. Click Device Manager. If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the
password or provide confirmation.
4. Double-click Sound, video and game controllers.
5. Make sure that the Realtek HD Audio driver is enabled and configured correctly:
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• Problem: Recordings made using the microphone input are not loud enough.
Solution: Make sure that the Microphone Boost function is turned on and set by doing the following:
1. Open Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound.
2. Click Sound.
3. Click the Recording tab in the Sound window.
4. Select Microphone, and click the Properties button.
5. Click the Levels tab, and move the Microphone Boost slider upwards.
6. Click OK.
Note: For details about controlling volume, refer to your Windows online help.
• Problem: Sound does not come from a headphone or a speaker, or your computer cannot record sounds.
Solution: To switch from one device to another (for example, from a speaker to a headphone, or from
an external microphone to a built-in microphone), do the following:
1. Open Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound.
2. Click the Realtek HD Audio Manager icon.
3. Make sure that you are in MULTI-STREAM mode in the Device advanced settings window.
4. In the Volume Mixer window, select the device you want-for example, speakers.
5. Play any sound via a music program (for example, Windows Media Player). Make sure that sound
comes from speakers now.
6. Then, if you would like to switch to a headphone, close the music program.
7. Go to the Volume Mixer window. Then select another device, which is now the headphone.
8. Play any sound via the music program. Make sure that sound comes from a headphone attached
directly to the system.
For more information, refer to the help information system of Realtek HD Audio Manager.
Note: In the Volume Mixer window of Realtek HD Audio Manager, a check mark by the entry for a device,
such as speakers for a playback device, or a built-in microphone for a recording device, shows that
the device has been selected.
• Problem: A volume or balance slider cannot be moved.
Solution: The slider might be grayed out. This means that its position is fixed by the hardware and
cannot be changed.
• Problem: The volume sliders do not stay in place when some audio programs are used.
Solution: It is normal for the sliders to change position when certain sound programs are used. The
programs are aware of the settings in the Volume Mixer window and are allowed to change the settings
themselves. An example is the Windows Media Player. Usually the program has sliders available to
control the sound from within the program.
• Problem: The balance slider cannot completely mute one channel.
Solution: The control is designed to compensate for minor differences in balance and does not
completely mute either channel.
• Problem: The sound cannot be turned off completely even if you set the volume at minimum.
Solution: You still can hear some sound even though you have set the Volume Mixer control at minimum.
To turn off the sound completely, press the speaker mute button.
• Problem: When you connect a headphone to your computer while playing sound, a speaker does not
produce sound.
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Solution: Once the headphone is attached, the streaming is automatically redirected to it. If you want to
listen to sound from the speakers again, be sure to set those speakers as the default device. For details,
refer to the help information system for Realtek HD Audio.
Fingerprint reader problems
• Problem: The surface of the reader is dirty, stained, or wet.
Solution: Gently clean the surface of the reader with a dry, soft, lint-free cloth.
• Problem: The reader often fails to enroll or authenticate your fingerprint.
Solution: If the surface of the reader is dirty, stained, or wet, gently clean the surface of the reader
with a dry, soft, lint-free cloth.
If your finger has any of the following conditions, you may not be able to register or authenticate it:
– Your finger is wrinkled.
– Your finger is rough, dry, or injured.
– Your finger is very dry.
– Your finger is stained with dirt, mud, or oil.
– The surface of your finger is very different from when you enrolled your fingerprint.
– Your finger is wet.
– A finger is used that has not been enrolled.
To improve the situation, try the following:
– Clean or wipe your hands to remove any excess dirt or moisture from the fingers.
– Enroll and use a different finger for authentication.
– If your hands are too dry, apply lotion to them.
Battery and power
This section tells what to do if you have a battery and power problem.
This topic contains instructions on troubleshooting battery and power problems.
Battery problems
• Problem: The battery pack cannot be fully charged in the standard charge time when the computer is
powered off.
Solution: The battery pack might be over-discharged. Do the following:
1. Turn off the computer.
2. Make sure that the over-discharged battery pack is in the computer.
3. Connect the ac power adapter to the computer and let it charge.
If a quick charger is available, use it to charge the over-discharged battery pack.
If the battery pack cannot be fully charged in 24 hours, use a new battery pack.
• Problem: Your computer shuts down before the battery status indicator shows empty, or your computer
operates after the battery status indicator shows empty.
Solution: Discharge and recharge the battery pack.
• Problem: The operating time for a fully charged battery pack is short.
Solution: Discharge and recharge the battery pack. If your battery operating time is still short, use a
new battery pack.
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• Problem: The computer does not operate with a fully charged battery pack.
Solution: The surge protector in the battery pack might be active. Turn off the computer for one minute to
reset the protector; then turn on the computer again.
• Problem: The battery pack cannot be charged.
Solution: You cannot charge the battery when it is too hot. If the battery feels hot, remove it from the
computer and allow it to cool to room temperature. After it cools, reinstall it and recharge the battery. If it
still cannot be charged, have it serviced.
This system supports only batteries specially designed for this specific system and manufactured
by Lenovo or an authorized builder. The system does not support unauthorized batteries or batteries
designed for other systems. If an unauthorized battery or a battery designed for another system is
installed, the system will not charge.
Attention: Lenovo has no responsibility for the performance or safety of unauthorized batteries, and
provides no warranties for failures or damage arising out of their use.
AC power adapter problems
Problem: The ac power adapter is connected to the computer and the working electrical outlet, but the
power adapter (power plug) icon is not displayed on the taskbar. Also the ac power indicator does not
light up.
Solution: Do the following:
1. Make sure that the connection of the ac power adapter is correct. For instructions on connecting the ac
power adapter, see Safety, Warranty, and Setup Guide that comes with your computer.
2. If the connection of the ac power adapter is correct, turn off the computer, then disconnect the ac power
adapter and remove the main battery.
3. Reinstall the battery and reconnect the ac power adapter, then turn on the computer.
4. If the power adapter icon still is not displayed in the Windows notification area and the ac power
indicator does not light up, have the ac power adapter and your computer serviced.
Note: If you are using the Windows 7 operating system, to display the power adapter (power plug) icon,
click the triangular icon on the taskbar.
Power problems
Print these instructions now and keep it with your computer for reference later.
If your computer is getting no power at all, check the following items:
1. Verify the power button. Refer to “System-status indicators” on page 8. The power button is illuminated
whenever the computer is on.
2. Check all power connections. Remove any power strips and surge protectors to connect the ac power
adapter directly to the ac power outlet.
3. Inspect the ac power adapter. Check for any physical damage, and make sure that the power cable is
firmly attached to the adapter brick and the computer.
4. Verify the ac power source is working by attaching another device to the outlet.
5. Remove the computer from a ThinkPad Port Replicator Series 3, ThinkPad Mini Dock Series 3, ThinkPad
Mini Dock Plus Series 3, or the ThinkPad Mini Dock Plus Series 3 (170 W). Refer to “Detaching a
ThinkPad port replicator or docking station” on page 108.
6. Remove all devices and then test for system power with minimal devices attached.
a. Disconnect the ac power adapter and all cables from the computer.
b. Close the computer display, and turn the computer over.
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c. Remove the battery. Refer to “Replacing the battery” on page 67.
d. Remove the memory (SO-DIMM). Refer to “Replacing a memory module” on page 69.
e. Remove the PCI Express Mini Card. Refer to “Replacing a PCI Express Mini Card for wireless
LAN/WiMAX connection” on page 78.
f. Remove the hard disk drive and solid state drive. Refer to “Replacing the hard disk drive or solid
state drive” on page 72.
g. Remove the Ultrabay devices. Refer to “Replacing the Serial Ultrabay Slim device” on page 92.
h. Wait for 30 seconds, and then reinstall the SO-DIMM and the known good battery or the ac power
adapter to test the computer with minimal devices attached first.
i.
Reinstall each device one at a time that you have removed in the earlier steps.
If your computer does not run on battery power, check the following items:
1. Remove and reseat the battery to make sure that it is properly connected. Refer to “Replacing the
battery” on page 67.
2. Swap batteries with another similar model, if available.
If another similar ThinkPad model is available, then verify that the battery pack works in the other
computer and that the battery pack for the other model works in this computer.
3. Verify the battery-status indicator. Refer to “Power status indicators” on page 9.
The battery-status indicator is normally illuminated whenever the battery is installed and the computer is
on, or the ac power adapter is connected and the battery is charging. This indicator may be blinking or
solid in either orange or green color depending on the status of the battery.
A power button problem
Problem: The system does not respond, and you cannot turn off the computer.
Solution: Turn off the computer by pressing and holding the power button for 4 seconds or more. If the
system is still not reset, remove the ac power adapter and the battery.
Startup problems
Print these instructions now and keep them with your computer for reference later.
If you receive an error message before the operating system loads, follow the appropriate corrective actions
for power-on self-test (POST) error messages. See “Error messages” on page 138.
If you receive an error message while the operating system is loading the desktop configuration after the
POST is completed, check the following items:
• Go to the Lenovo Support Web site at http://www.lenovo.com/support and search for the error message.
• Go to the Microsoft Knowledge Base homepage at http://support.microsoft.com/ and search for the error
message.
Sleep and hibernation problems
• Problem: The computer enters sleep mode unexpectedly.
Solution: If the microprocessor overheats, the computer automatically enters sleep mode to allow the
computer to cool and to protect the microprocessor and other internal components. Check the settings
for sleep mode.
• Problem: The computer enters sleep mode (the sleep indicator turns on) immediately after the power-on
self-test.
Solution: Make sure that:
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– The battery is charged.
– The operating temperature is within the acceptable range. Refer to “Operating environment” on page
13.
If the battery is charged and the temperature is within range, have the computer serviced.
• Problem: A critical low-battery error occurs, and the computer immediately turns off.
Solution: The battery power is getting low. Connect the ac power adapter to the computer and plug it
into an electrical outlet, or replace the battery with a charged one.
• Problem: The computer display remains blank after you press Fn to return from sleep mode.
Solution: Check whether an external monitor was disconnected or turned off while the computer was
in sleep mode. If you disconnected or turned off the external monitor, connect it or turn it on before
resuming the computer from the sleep mode. When resuming the computer from the sleep mode without
attaching the external monitor or turning it on, and the computer display remains blank, press Fn+F7 to
bring up the computer display.
• Problem: The computer does not return from sleep mode, or the sleep indicator stays on and the
computer does not work.
Solution: If the system does not return from sleep mode, it might have entered sleep or hibernation mode
automatically because the battery is depleted. Check the sleep indicator.
– If the sleep indicator is on, your computer is in sleep mode. Connect the ac power adapter to the
computer; then press Fn.
– If the sleep indicator is off, your computer is in hibernation mode or power-off state. Connect the ac
power adapter to the computer; then press the power button to resume operation.
If the system still does not return from sleep mode, your system might stop responding and you might not
be able to turn off the computer. In this case, you need to reset the computer. If you have not saved your
data, it might be lost. To reset the computer, press and hold the power button for 4 seconds or more. If
the system is still not reset, remove the ac power adapter and the battery.
• Problem: Your computer does not enter sleep or hibernation mode.
Solution: Check whether any option has been selected to disable your computer from entering sleep
or hibernation mode.
If your computer tries to enter sleep mode but the request is rejected, the device attached to the USB
connector might have been disabled. If this occurs, do a hot-unplug-and-plug operation for the USB
device.
• Problem: The battery discharges slightly while the computer is in hibernation mode.
Solution: If the wakeup function is enabled, the computer consumes a small amount of power. This is not
a defect. For details, refer to “Power-saving modes” on page 29.
Drives and other storage devices
This section includes three drive problems which are hard disk drive, solid state drive, and optical drive.
Hard disk drive problems
• Problem: The hard disk drive makes a rattling noise intermittently.
Solution: The rattling noise might be heard:
– When the hard disk drive begins or finishes getting access to data.
– When you carry the hard disk drive.
–
When you carry your computer.
This is a normal characteristic of a hard disk drive and is not a defect.
• Problem: The hard disk drive does not work.
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Solution: On the Boot menu of ThinkPad Setup, make sure that the hard disk drive is on the Boot priority
order list. If it is on the Excluded from boot order list, it is disabled. Select the entry for it on the list
and press Shift+1 to move it back to the Boot priority order list.
• Problem: After setting a hard disk password on the hard disk drive of the computer, you moved the drive
to another computer. Now you cannot unlock the hard disk password.
Solution: Your computer supports an enhanced password algorithm. Computers older than yours might
not support such a security function.
Solid state drive problems
Problem: When you compress files or folders by use of the data compression function in Windows, and
then decompress them, the process of writing to or reading from the files or folders is slow.
Solution: Apply the disk defragmentation tool in Windows for faster access to the data.
Optical drive problems
• Problem: The optical drive, such as a CD, DVD, or CD-RW drive, does not work.
Solution: Make sure that the computer is turned on and a CD, DVD, or CD-RW is properly loaded on the
center pivot of the drive. (You should hear a click.)
Make sure that the drive connector is firmly connected to the computer. If you use an option that has a bay
for installing the drive, make sure that the option is firmly connected to the computer and works properly.
Make sure that the drive tray is firmly closed.
Make sure that the device drivers are correctly installed.
• Problem: You hear a noise from the drive when the CD, DVD, or CD-RW disc is spinning.
Solution: If the disc is not correctly loaded on the center pivot of the drive, it might rub against the drive
cover and make a noise. Make sure that the disc is loaded correctly in the drive.
• Problem: The tray does not open even if you press the eject button.
Solution: When your computer is not turned on, pressing the eject button does not cause the drive tray
to open. Make sure that the computer is turned on and that the drive connector is firmly connected
to the computer.
If the tray still does not open, make sure that the computer is running, and insert the end of a straightened
paper clip into the emergency eject hole. The tray will open.
• Problem: An optical medium, such as a CD, DVD, or CD-RW disc cannot be read.
Solution: Make sure that the CD, DVD, or CD-RW disc is not dirty. If it is, clean it with a cleaner kit.
Test another CD, DVD, or CD-RW disc. If the computer can read the other disc, the first disc might be
defective.
Make sure that the disc is loaded on the center pivot of the drive with the label side up. (You should
hear a click.)
Make sure that the disc is in one of the following formats:
– Music CD
– CD-ROM or CD-ROM XA
– Multisession photo CD
– Video CD
– DVD-ROM (DVD-video)
• Problem: The computer cannot play a CD, or the sound quality is not good.
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Solution: Be sure that the disc meets the standards for your country. Usually, a disc that meets the local
standards is marked with a CD logo on the label. If you use a disc that does not meet these standards, we
cannot guarantee that it will play, or that, if it does play, the sound quality will be good.
• Problem: The HD DVD tab in the WinDVD8 program is dimmed and I cannot use it.
Solution: Your computer does not support an HD DVD drive.
A software problems
Problem: An program does not run correctly.
Solution: Make sure that the problem is not being caused by the program.
Check that your computer has the minimum required memory to run the program. Refer to the manuals
supplied with the program.
Check the following:
• The program is designed to operate with your operating system.
• Other programs run correctly on your computer.
• The necessary device drivers are installed.
• The program works when it is run on some other computer.
If an error message is displayed while you are using the program, refer to the manuals supplied with the
program.
If the program still does not run correctly, contact your place of purchase or a service representative for help.
Ports and connectors
The following are the most common problems with ports and connectors.
A USB problem
Problem: A device connected to the USB connector does not work.
Solution: Open the Device Manager window. Make sure that the USB device setup is correct, and that the
assignment of computer resource and the installation of the device driver are correct. To open the Device
Manager window, go to Control Panel and click Hardware and Sound ➙ Device Manager. If you are
prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation.
A docking station or port replicator problem
Problem: The computer does not start when you try to turn it on, and does not respond when you try to
resume operation.
Solution: Make sure that:
• The ac power adapter is connected to the docking station or the port replicator.
• The indicator of the docking station is on.
• The computer is securely attached to the docking station or the port replicator.
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Chapter 11. Getting support
This chapter provides information about getting help and support from Lenovo.
•
“Before you contact Lenovo” on page 155
•
“Getting help and service” on page 155
•
“Purchasing additional services” on page 157
Before you contact Lenovo
Often, you can solve your computer problems by referring to the information in the explanations of error
codes, running diagnostic programs, or by consulting the Lenovo Web site.
Registering your computer
Register your computer with Lenovo. For more information, see “Registering your computer” on page 19.
Downloading system updates
Downloading updated software might resolve problems you experience with your computer.
To download updated software, go to the following Web site and follow the instructions on the screen:
http://www.lenovo.com/support
Recording information
Before you talk to a Lenovo representative, record the following important information about your computer.
Recording problem symptoms and details
Collect the answers to the questions below before you call for help. Then, you will be able to get help
as quickly as possible.
• What is the problem? Is it continuous or intermittent?
• Is there an error message? What is the error code, if any?
• What operating system are you using? Which version?
• Which software programs were running at the time of the problem?
• Can the problem be reproduced? If so, how?
Recording system information
The serial number label is on the bottom of your computer. Record the machine type and the serial number.
• What is the name of your Lenovo product?
• What is the machine type?
• What is the serial number?
Getting help and service
If you need help, service, technical assistance, or just want more information about Lenovo products, you
will find a wide variety of sources available from Lenovo to assist you. This section contains information
about where to go for additional information about Lenovo and our products, what to do if you experience a
problem with your computer, and whom to call for service should it be necessary.
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
155
Information about your computer and preinstalled software, if any, is available in the documentation that
comes with your computer. That documentation includes printed books, online books, readme files, and
help files. In addition, information about Lenovo products is available on the World Wide Web.
Microsoft Service Packs are the latest software source for Windows product updates. They are available
through Web download (connection charges might apply) or through disc. For more specific information and
links, go to http://www.microsoft.com. Lenovo offers technical assistance with installation of, or questions
related to, Service Packs for your Lenovo-preloaded Microsoft Windows product. For information, contact
the Customer Support Center.
Using diagnostic programs
Many computer problems can be solved without outside assistance. If you experience a problem with your
computer, the first place to start is the troubleshooting information of your computer documentation. If you
suspect a software problem, see the documentation, including README files and online help, that comes
with the operating system or application program.
ThinkPad notebooks come with a set of diagnostic programs that you can use to help you identify hardware
problems. See “Diagnosing problems” on page 137 for instructions on using the diagnostic programs.
The troubleshooting information or the diagnostic programs might tell you that you need additional or
updated device drivers or other software. Lenovo maintains pages on the World Wide Web where you can
get the latest technical information and download device drivers and updates.
Lenovo Support Web site
Technical support information is available on the Lenovo Support Web site at:
http://www.lenovo.com/support
This Web site is updated with the latest support information such as the following:
• Drivers and software
• Diagnostic solutions
• Product and service warranty
• Product and parts details
• User guides and manuals
• Knowledge base and frequently asked questions
Calling Lenovo
If you have tried to correct the problem yourself and still need help, during the warranty period, you can
get help and information by telephone through the Customer Support Center. The following services are
available during the warranty period:
• Problem determination - Trained personnel are available to assist you with determining if you have a
hardware problem and deciding what action is necessary to fix the problem.
• Lenovo hardware repair - If the problem is determined to be caused by Lenovo hardware under warranty,
trained service personnel are available to provide the applicable level of service.
• Engineering change management - Occasionally, there might be changes that are required after a product
has been sold. Lenovo or your reseller, if authorized by Lenovo, will make selected Engineering Changes
(ECs) that apply to your hardware available.
The following items are not covered:
• Replacement or use of parts not manufactured for or by Lenovo or nonwarranted parts
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•
•
•
•
•
Note: All warranted parts contain a 7-character identification in the format FRU XXXXXXX.
Identification of software problem sources
Configuration of UEFI BIOS as part of an installation or upgrade
Changes, modifications, or upgrades to device drivers
Installation and maintenance of network operating systems (NOS)
Installation and maintenance of application programs
For the terms and conditions of the Lenovo Limited Warranty that applies to your Lenovo hardware product,
see “Warranty information” in the Safety, Warranty, and Setup Guide that comes with your computer.
If possible, be near your computer when you make your call in case the technical assistance representative
needs to help you resolve a computer problem. Ensure that you have downloaded the most current drivers
and system updates, run diagnostics, and recorded information before you call. When calling for technical
assistance, have the following information available:
• Machine type and model
• Serial numbers of your computer, monitor, and other components, or your proof of purchase
• Description of the problem
• Exact wording of any error messages
• Hardware and software configuration information for your system
Telephone numbers
For a list of the Lenovo Support phone numbers for your country or region, go to
http://www.lenovo.com/support/phone or refer to the Safety, Warranty, and Setup Guide that comes with
your computer.
Note: Phone numbers are subject to change without notice. The latest phone numbers are available at
http://www.lenovo.com/support/phone. If the number for your country or region is not provided, contact
your Lenovo reseller or Lenovo marketing representative.
Purchasing additional services
During and after the warranty period, you can purchase additional services, such as support for Lenovo
and non-Lenovo hardware, operating systems, and application programs; network setup and configuration
services; upgraded or extended hardware repair services; and custom installations services. Service
availability and service name might vary by country.
For more information about these services, go to:
http://www.lenovo.com/accessories/services/index.html
Chapter 11. Getting support
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Appendix A. Regulatory information
Wireless related information
Wireless interoperability
Wireless LAN PCI Express Mini Card is designed to be interoperable with any wireless LAN product that
is based on Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS), Complementary Code Keying (CCK), and/or
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) radio technology, and is compliant to:
• The 802.11b/g Standard, 802.11a/b/g or 802.11n draft 2.0 on Wireless LANs, as defined and approved by
the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
• The Wireless Fidelity (WiFi) certification as defined by the Wi-Fi Alliance.
Your Bluetooth card is compliant to Bluetooth Specification 4.0 as defined by the Bluetooth Special Interest
Group SIG. It supports the following profiles:
• Advanced Audio Distribution Profile (A2DP)
• Audio/Video Control Transport Protocol (AVCTP)
• Audio/Video Distribution Transport Protocol (AVDTP)
• A/V Remote Control Profile (AVRCP)
• Basic Imaging Profile (BIP)
• Basic Printing Profile (BPP)
• Dial-Up Networking Profile (DUN)
• File Transfer Profile (FTP)
• Generic Access Profile (GAP)
• Generic A/V Distribution Profile (GAVDP)
• Hardcopy Cable Replacement Profile (HCRP)
• Headset Profile (HSP)
• Hands-Free Profile (HFP)
• Human Interface Device Profile (HID)
• Message Access Profile (MAP)
• Object Exchange Protocol (OBEX)
• Object Push Profile (OPP)
• Personal Area Networking Profile (PAN)
• Phone Book Access Profile (PBAP)
• Service Discovery Protocol (SDP)
• Synchronization Profile (SYNC)
• Video Distribution Profile (VDP)
• Generic Attribute Profile (GATT)
• Proximity Profile
• Find Me Profile
• Immediate Alert Profile
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• Battery Status Profile
Usage environment and your health
Integrated wireless cards emit radio frequency electromagnetic energy like other radio devices. However, the
level of energy emitted is far much less than the electromagnetic energy emitted by wireless devices like
for example mobile phones.
Due to the fact that integrated wireless cards operate within the guidelines found in radio frequency safety
standards and recommendations, Lenovo believes they are safe for use by consumers. These standards and
recommendations reflect the consensus of the scientific community and result from deliberations of panels
and committees of scientists who continually review and interpret the extensive research literature.
In some situation or environment, the use of integrated wireless cards might be restricted by the proprietor
of the building or responsible representatives of the organization. These situations and areas might for
example include:
• Using the integrated wireless cards on board of airplanes, in hospitals or near petrol stations, blasting
areas (with electro-explosive devices), medical implants or body-worn electronic medical devices, such
as pace makers.
• In any other environment where the risk of interference to other devices or services is perceived or
identified as harmful.
If you are uncertain of the policy that applies to the use of wireless devices in a specific organization (such as
airport or hospital), you are encouraged to ask for authorization to use integrated wireless cards prior to
turning on the computer.
Location of the UltraConnect wireless antennas
ThinkPad models feature an integrated diversity antenna system built into the display for optimal reception,
enabling wireless communication wherever you are.
There are two types of antenna locations. Your computer has one of the following:
Type 1: Antenna location
1
Wireless LAN and WiMAX combo antenna (Main)
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The main antenna connected to the wireless LAN or WiMAX feature is located at the top left corner of
the computer display.
2
Wireless WAN antenna (Main)
If your computer comes with a wireless WAN feature, its transmitter antenna is located at the top left portion
of the computer display.
3
Wireless WAN antenna (Auxiliary)
If your computer comes with a wireless WAN feature, the auxiliary antenna is located at the top right portion
of the computer display.
4
Wireless LAN antenna (Third)
If your computer has the Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) wireless LAN feature, the third wireless
antenna is located at the top right portion of the computer display, near center.
5
Wireless LAN and WiMAX combo antenna (Auxiliary)
The auxiliary antenna connected to the wireless LAN or WiMAX feature is located at the top right corner of
the computer display.
Type 2: Antenna location
1
Wireless LAN and WiMAX combo antenna (Main)
The main antenna connected to the wireless LAN or WiMAX feature is located at the top left corner of
the computer display.
2
Wireless WAN antenna (Main)
If your computer comes with a wireless WAN feature, its transmitter antenna is located at the top left portion
of the computer display.
3
Wireless LAN antenna (Third)
If your computer has the Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) wireless LAN feature, the third wireless
antenna is located at the top right portion of the computer display, near center.
4
Wireless LAN and WiMAX combo antenna (Auxiliary)
The auxiliary antenna connected to the wireless LAN or WiMAX feature is located at the top right portion of
the computer display.
5
Wireless WAN antenna (Auxiliary)
If your computer comes with a wireless WAN feature, the auxiliary antenna is located at the top right corner
of the computer display.
Locating wireless regulatory notices
For more information about the wireless regulatory notices, refer to the Regulatory Notice shipped with your
computer.
Appendix A. Regulatory information
161
If your computer is shipped without the Regulatory Notice, you can find it on the Web site at:
http://www.lenovo.com/ThinkPadUserGuides
Export classification notice
This product is subject to the United States Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and has an Export
Classification Control Number (ECCN) of 4A994.b. It can be re-exported except to any of the embargoed
countries in the EAR E1 country list.
Electronic emissions notices
The following information refers to ThinkPad T430s and T430si, machine type 2352, 2353, 2354, 2355,
2356, 2357, and 2358.
Federal Communications Commission Declaration of Conformity
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant
to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, might cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by
one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult an authorized dealer or service representative for help.
Lenovo is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than specified or
recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment.
Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1)
this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Responsible Party:
Lenovo (United States) Incorporated
1009 Think Place - Building One
Morrisville, NC 27560
Phone Number: 919-294-5900
Industry Canada Class B emission compliance statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
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European Union - Compliance to the Electromagnetic Compatibility
Directive
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the
approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. Lenovo cannot
accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended
modification of the product, including the installation of option cards from other manufacturers.
This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology
Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived
for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed
communication devices.
EU Contact: Lenovo, Einsteinova 21, 851 01 Bratislava, Slovakia
German Class B compliance statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis:
Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit
Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG (früher 89/336/EWG) zur
Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten
und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein.
Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu
betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der Lenovo empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden.
Lenovo übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt
ohne Zustimmung der Lenovo verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne
Empfehlung der Lenovo gesteckt/eingebaut werden.
Deutschland:
Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Betriebsmitteln
Dieses Produkt entspricht dem „Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Betriebsmitteln“
EMVG (früher „Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten“). Dies ist die Umsetzung der
EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG (früher 89/336/EWG) in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit
von Betriebsmitteln, EMVG vom 20. Juli 2007 (früher Gesetz über die elektromagnetische
Verträglichkeit von Geräten), bzw. der EMV EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EC (früher 89/336/EWG), für
Geräte der Klasse B.
Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen
- CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Konformitätserklärung nach Paragraf 5 des EMVG ist die Lenovo
(Deutschland) GmbH, Gropiusplatz 10, D-70563 Stuttgart.
Informationen in Hinsicht EMVG Paragraf 4 Abs. (1) 4:
Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.
Appendix A. Regulatory information
163
Korea Class B compliance statement
Japan VCCI Class B compliance statement
Japan compliance statement for products which connect to the power
mains with rated current less than or equal to 20 A per phase
Lenovo product service information for Taiwan
When attaching an external monitor
If you attach an external monitor, a video interface cable with a ferrite core installed on the cable is required.
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Appendix B. WEEE and recycling statements
Lenovo encourages owners of information technology equipment to responsibly recycle their equipment
when it is no longer needed. Lenovo offers a variety of programs and services to assist equipment owners in
recycling their IT products. Information on product recycling offerings can be found on Lenovo's Internet site
at http://www.lenovo.com/social_responsibility/us/en/.
Important WEEE information
The WEEE marking on Lenovo products applies to countries with WEEE and e-waste regulations (for example,
European Directive 2002/96/EC, India E-Waste Management & Handling Rules, 2011). Appliances are
labeled in accordance with local regulations concerning waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).
These regulations determine the framework for the return and recycling of used appliances as applicable
within each geography. This label is applied to various products to indicate that the product is not to be
thrown away, but rather put in the established collective systems for reclaiming these end of life products.
Users of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) with the WEEE marking must not dispose of end of
life EEE as unsorted municipal waste, but use the collection framework available to them for the return,
recycle, and recovery of WEEE and to minimize any potential effects of EEE on the environment and
human health due to the presence of hazardous substances. For additional WEEE information go to:
http://www.lenovo.com/recycling
Japan recycling statements
Collecting and recycling a disused Lenovo computer or monitor
If you are a company employee and need to dispose of a Lenovo computer or monitor that is the property
of the company, you must do so in accordance with the Law for Promotion of Effective Utilization of
Resources. Computers and monitors are categorized as industrial waste and should be properly disposed
of by an industrial waste disposal contractor certified by a local government. In accordance with the Law
for Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources, Lenovo Japan provides, through its PC Collecting and
Recycling Services, for the collecting, reuse, and recycling of disused computers and monitors. For details,
visit the Lenovo Web site at: http://www.lenovo.com/services_warranty/jp/ja/recycle/pcrecycle/.
Pursuant to the Law for Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources, the collecting and recycling of
home-used computers and monitors by the manufacturer was begun on October 1, 2003. This service
is provided free of charge for home-used computers sold after October 1, 2003. For details, go to
http://www.lenovo.com/services_warranty/jp/ja/recycle/personal/.
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Disposing of Lenovo computer components
Some Lenovo computer products sold in Japan may have components that contain heavy metals or other
environmental sensitive substances. To properly dispose of disused components, such as a printed circuit
board or drive, use the methods described above for collecting and recycling a disused computer or monitor.
Disposing of disused lithium batteries from Lenovo computers
A button-shaped lithium battery is installed on the system board of your Lenovo computer to provide power
to the computer clock while the computer is off or disconnected from the main power source. If you want to
replace it with a new one, contact your place of purchase or ask for a repair service provided by Lenovo. If
you have replaced it by yourself and want to dispose of the disused lithium battery, insulate it with vinyl tape,
contact your place of purchase, and follow their instructions. If you use a Lenovo computer at home and
need to dispose of a lithium battery, you must comply with local ordinances and regulations.
Disposing of a disused battery pack from Lenovo notebook computers
Your Lenovo notebook computer has a lithium ion battery pack or a nickel metal hydride battery pack. If
you are a company employee who uses a Lenovo notebook computer and need to dispose of a battery
pack, contact the proper person in Lenovo sales, service, or marketing, and follow that person's instructions.
You also can refer to the instructions at http://www.lenovo.com/jp/ja/environment/recycle/battery/.
If you use a Lenovo notebook computer at home and need to dispose of a battery pack, you
must comply with local ordinances and regulations. You also can refer to the instructions at
http://www.lenovo.com/jp/ja/environment/recycle/battery/.
Recycling information for Brazil
Declarações de Reciclagem no Brasil
Descarte de um Produto Lenovo Fora de Uso
Equipamentos elétricos e eletrônicos não devem ser descartados em lixo comum, mas enviados à pontos de
coleta, autorizados pelo fabricante do produto para que sejam encaminhados e processados por empresas
especializadas no manuseio de resíduos industriais, devidamente certificadas pelos orgãos ambientais, de
acordo com a legislação local.
A Lenovo possui um canal específico para auxiliá-lo no descarte desses produtos. Caso você possua
um produto Lenovo em situação de descarte, ligue para o nosso SAC ou encaminhe um e-mail para:
reciclar@lenovo.com, informando o modelo, número de série e cidade, a fim de enviarmos as instruções
para o correto descarte do seu produto Lenovo.
Battery recycling information for Taiwan
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Battery recycling information for the European Union
Notice: This mark applies only to countries within the European Union (EU).
Batteries or packaging for batteries are labeled in accordance with European Directive 2006/66/EC
concerning batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators. The Directive determines the
framework for the return and recycling of used batteries and accumulators as applicable throughout the
European Union. This label is applied to various batteries to indicate that the battery is not to be thrown
away, but rather reclaimed upon end of life per this Directive.
In accordance with the European Directive 2006/66/EC, batteries and accumulators are labeled to indicate
that they are to be collected separately and recycled at end of life. The label on the battery may also
include a chemical symbol for the metal concerned in the battery (Pb for lead, Hg for mercury, and Cd for
cadmium). Users of batteries and accumulators must not dispose of batteries and accumulators as unsorted
municipal waste, but use the collection framework available to customers for the return, recycling, and
treatment of batteries and accumulators. Customer participation is important to minimize any potential
effects of batteries and accumulators on the environment and human health due to the potential presence of
hazardous substances. For proper collection and treatment, go to:
http://www.lenovo.com/lenovo/environment
Battery recycling information for the United States and Canada
Appendix B. WEEE and recycling statements
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Appendix C. ENERGY STAR model information
ENERGY STAR® is a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department
of Energy aimed at saving money and protecting the environment through energy efficient products and
practices.
Lenovo is proud to offer our customers products with the ENERGY STAR qualified designation. Lenovo
computers of the following machine types, if the ENERGY STAR mark is affixed, have been designed and
tested to conform to the ENERGY STAR program requirements for computers.
2352, 2353, 2354, 2355, 2356, 2357, and 2358.
By using ENERGY STAR qualified products and taking advantage of the power-management features
of your computer, you can help reduce the consumption of electricity. Reduced electrical consumption
can contribute to potential financial savings, a cleaner environment, and the reduction of greenhouse gas
emissions.
For more information about ENERGY STAR, go to: http://www.energystar.gov
Lenovo encourages you to make efficient use of energy an integral part of your day-to-day operations. To
help in this endeavor, Lenovo has preset the following power-management features to take effect when your
computer has been inactive for a specified length of time:
Power plan: Energy Saver (settings when plugged into ac power)
• Turn off the display: After 10 minutes
• Put the computer into sleep: After 20 minutes
• Advanced power settings:
– Turn off hard disks: After 15 minutes
– Hibernate: Never
To awaken your computer from sleep mode, press the Fn key on your keyboard. For more information about
these settings, see the Windows Help and Support information on your computer.
The Wake on LAN function is enabled when your Lenovo computer is shipped from the factory, and the
setting remains valid even when the computer is in sleep mode. If you do not need to have Wake on LAN
enabled while your computer is in sleep mode, you can reduce the power consumption and prolong the
time in sleep mode, by disabling the setting of Wake on LAN for sleep mode. To disable the setting of
Wake on LAN for sleep mode, do the following:
1. Click Start ➙ Control panel on the Windows 7 operating system, or open the Windows Explorer and
click Control panel on the Windows 8 operating system.
2. Click Hardware and Sound ➙ Device Manager.
3. In the Device Manager window, expand Network adapters.
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4. Right-click your network adapter device, and click Properties.
5. Click the Power Management tab.
6. Clear the Allow this device to wake the computer check box.
7. Click OK.
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Appendix D. Notices
Lenovo may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in all countries. Consult
your local Lenovo representative for information on the products and services currently available in your
area. Any reference to a Lenovo product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that
Lenovo product, program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product, program, or service
that does not infringe any Lenovo intellectual property right may be used instead. However, it is the user's
responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any other product, program, or service.
Lenovo may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this
document. The furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents. You can send
license inquiries, in writing, to:
Lenovo (United States), Inc.
1009 Think Place - Building One
Morrisville, NC 27560
U.S.A.
Attention: Lenovo Director of Licensing
LENOVO PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT,
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some jurisdictions do not allow
disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply
to you.
This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically
made to the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication.
Lenovo may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this
publication at any time without notice.
The products described in this document are not intended for use in implantation or other life support
applications where malfunction may result in injury or death to persons. The information contained in this
document does not affect or change Lenovo product specifications or warranties. Nothing in this document
shall operate as an express or implied license or indemnity under the intellectual property rights of Lenovo
or third parties. All information contained in this document was obtained in specific environments and is
presented as an illustration. The result obtained in other operating environments may vary.
Lenovo may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without
incurring any obligation to you.
Any references in this publication to non-Lenovo Web sites are provided for convenience only and do not in
any manner serve as an endorsement of those Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of
the materials for this Lenovo product, and use of those Web sites is at your own risk.
Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment. Therefore, the result
obtained in other operating environments may vary significantly. Some measurements may have been
made on development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same
on generally available systems. Furthermore, some measurements may have been estimated through
extrapolation. Actual results may vary. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their
specific environment.
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Trademarks
The following terms are trademarks of Lenovo in the United States, other countries, or both:
Lenovo
Access Connections
Active Protection System
Rescue and Recovery
Secure Data Disposal
ThinkLight
ThinkPad
ThinkVantage
TrackPoint
Ultrabay
UltraConnect
UltraNav
Intel and Intel SpeedStep are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in
the United States and other countries.
Microsoft, Windows, Bing, BitLocker are trademarks of the Microsoft group of companies.
BlackBerry®, RIM®, Research In Motion®, SureType® and related trademarks, names and logos are the
property of Research In Motion Limited and are registered and/or used in the U.S. and countries around the
world. Used under license from Research In Motion Limited.
iPhone is a trademark of Apple Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.
Other company, product, and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.
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User Guide
Appendix E. Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive
(RoHS)
China RoHS
Turkish RoHS
The Lenovo product meets the requirements of the Republic of Turkey Directive on the Restriction of the Use
of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (EEE).
Ukraine RoHS
© Copyright Lenovo 2012, 2014
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India RoHS
RoHS compliant as per E-Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2011.
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User Guide
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