AF-5000 Pilot’s Guide
Experimental instrument limited to use in experimental aircraft.
Not approved for use in aircraft with FAA type certificates.
Patents 6,271,769 B1 and 6,940,425
AF-5000 Series Post Installation Check
CAUTION: Do not fly the aircraft until the following check list has been completed.
Never Power the system with an automotive battery charger and the aircraft battery
disconnected.
Before Power is applied for the First Time
✓
Screen mounted following the installation manual
✓
ADAHRS mounted
✓
Screen case has been properly grounded using case screw
✓
Wiring harness is properly connected to screen
✓
Verify relay protection diodes are installed on all large aircraft relays (Master, Starter)
✓
Pitot/Static and AOA plumbing is secured to the correct ADAHRS ports
✓
Trim Servo indication wires are connected per the installation manual wiring diagram
✓
Verify Aircraft battery + and – are correct
Applying Power for the First Time
✓
Turn on aircraft Master Switch power and power on the screens
✓
Verify the unit powers on
✓
Configure Advanced SV-Network on PFD EFIS
o
[SET] > [CAL] > 2. Advanced SV-Network
o
[SCAN] Network
o
[UPDT] device software
✓
Configure your Serial Ports based on devices connected
✓
Configure your GPS/NAV Settings based on Serial Port selection
✓
Configure AirData, AHRS and EMS Type in CAL > ADMIN Settings
✓
Following the installation manual, calibrate the Fuel Tanks
✓
Following the installation manual, calibrate all trim and flap position sensors
✓
Set the airspeed V speeds based on your aircraft manufacturers
recommendations.
✓
Set all engine temperatures/limits based on your engine manufacturers
recommendations
✓
Set fuel tank, fuel pressure, fuel pressure, oil temperature, and oil pressure warning
parameters
✓
Verify all GPS and NAV sources are properly communicating with the EFIS.
✓
Set the clock time-zone offset
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First Engine Start
✓
With relay protection diodes installed, your AFS screen(s) can be turned on before the
engine is started.
✓
After the engine has started, verify oil pressure and temperature. If none is indicated SHUT
DOWN the engine. Verify all wiring and consult your local A&P, the engine
manufacturer, and/or AFS technical support.
✓
Verify all engine indications are correct per your engine manufacturers manual
Before First Flight
✓
Verify you have the latest system software and mapping data (if applicable) www.Advanced-Flight-Systems.com for latest software and map data.
✓
Weight & Balance page updated with your aircrafts data
✓
Checklist pages updated with information from your aircraft manufacturer
✓
Magnetometer Alignment completed on all screens with an ADAHRS installed
✓
EFIS AOA Calibration Checklist completed
✓
Pitot/Static check completed from an authorized FAA Repair Station.
✓
EFIS and autopilot gains are set per the installation manual
In-Flight Configuration
✓
Verify airspeed and altitude indicate correctly
✓
Verify heading indicates correctly using a backup whiskey compass for reference
✓
Test navigation sources and verify they function properly
✓
If an autopilot is installed and coupled to the EFIS, check its functions
After First Flight
✓
Calibrate Fuel Flow K-Factor (See Installation Manual)
AOA FLIGHT WARNING:
The EFIS may be shipped with AOA aircraft calibration data pre-installed. If you choose to use this
data, you must verify the validity of the data or calibrate the AOA to meet your specifications before
using. You must also read and understand the separate AOA manual before using the AOA
instrument in flight
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LIMITED WARRANTY / AGREEMENT
Advanced Flight Systems Inc. (“AFS”) warrants its aircraft monitoring system instrument and system components to be free
from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of one year commencing on the date of the first flight of the
instrument or one year after the invoice date, whichever comes first. AFS will repair or replace any instrument or system
components under the terms of this Warranty provided the item is returned to AFS prepaid.
This Warranty shall not apply to any unit or component that has been repaired or altered by any person other than AFS, or that has
been subjected to misuse, abuse, accident, incorrect wiring, or improper or unprofessional installation by any person. THIS
WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER ANY REIMBURSEMENT FOR ANYONE'S TIME FOR INSTALLATION, REMOVAL, ASSEMBLY
OR REPAIR. AFS reserves the right to determine the reason or cause for warranty repair.
1.
This Warranty does not extend to any engine, machine, aircraft, boat, vehicle or any other device to which the AFS monitoring
system may be connected, attached, or used with in any way.
2.
THE REMEDIES AVAILABLE TO THE PURCHASER ARE LIMITED TO REPAIR, REPLACEMENT, OR REFUND OF THE
PURCHASE PRICE OF THE PRODUCT, AT THE SOLE DISCRETION OF AFS. CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SUCH AS
DAMAGE TO THE ENGINE OR AIRCRAFT, ARE NOT COVERED, AND ARE EXCLUDED. DAMAGES FOR PHYSICAL
INJURY TO PERSON OR PROPERTY ARE NOT COVERED, AND ARE EXCLUDED.
3.
AFS is not liable for expenses incurred by the customer or installer due to AFS updates, modifications, improvements,
upgrades, changes, notices or alterations to the product.
4.
The pilot must understand the operation of this product before flying the aircraft. Do not allow anyone to operate the
aircraft that does not understand the operation of the monitoring system. Keep the operating manual in the aircraft at all
times.
5.
AFS is not responsible for shipping charges or damages incurred during shipment.
6.
No one is authorized to assume any other or additional liability for AFS in connection with the sale of AFS products.
7.
IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO ACCEPT THE TERMS OF THIS WARRANTY, YOU MAY RETURN THE PRODUCT
FOR A FULL REFUND. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO ACCEPT THE TERMS OF THIS WARRANTY, DO NOT
INSTALL THE PRODUCT.
8.
This warranty is made only to the original purchaser and is not transferable. THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES OR OBLIGATIONS, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, ORAL OR WRITTEN. AFS EXPRESSLY
DISCLAIMS ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
THE PURCHASER AGREES THAT IN NO EVENT SHALL AFS BE LIABLE FOR SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING DAMAGES TO THE ENGINE OR AIRCRAFT, LOST PROFITS, LOSS OF
USE, OR OTHER ECONOMIC LOSS. EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED HEREIN, AFS DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER
LIABILITY TO THE PURCHASER OR ANY OTHER PERSON IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR
PERFORMANCE OF AFS' PRODUCTS, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO STRICT PRODUCTS LIABILITY IN
TORT.
IMPORTANT PRE-INSTALLATION NOTICE
Before installing the monitoring system, READ THE LIMITED WARRANTY / AGREEMENT. There is information in
the Limited Warranty / Agreement that may alter your decision to install this product. IF YOU DO NOT ACCEPT THE
TERMS OF THE LIMITED WARRANTY / AGREEMENT DO NOT INSTALL THE PRODUCT. The product may be
returned for a refund if you do not accept the terms of the Limited Warranty / Agreement.
Before starting the installation, make sure that your planned installation will not interfere with the operation of any
controls. The installer should use current aircraft standards and practices to install this product. Refer to AC 43.132A, Acceptable Methods, Techniques, and Practices - Aircraft Alterations and AC 43.13-1B, Acceptable Methods,
Techniques, and Practices--Aircraft Inspection and Repair.
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Table of Contents
AF-5000 Series Post Installation Check_________________________________________________ 2
LIMITED WARRANTY / AGREEMENT __________________________________________________ 4
INTRODUCTION ___________________________________________________________________ 9
SYSTEM OPERATION ______________________________________________________________ 14
Screen Dimming .................................................................................................................................. 14
EFIS Screen Menus .............................................................................................................................. 15
SET Menu ..................................................................................................................................................................... 15
CHECK Menu ................................................................................................................................................................ 17
Screen Hardware Reboot ..................................................................................................................... 18
EFIS Display Layout ............................................................................................................................. 19
Screen Selection .......................................................................................................................................................... 19
EFIS Button Options..................................................................................................................................................... 21
ENGINE Button Options............................................................................................................................................... 21
MAP Button Options ................................................................................................................................................... 22
AF-5400 Interface ........................................................................................................................................................ 23
Touch Screen ............................................................................................................................................................... 25
Altitude ........................................................................................................................................................................ 26
Barometric Pressure/Altitude ..................................................................................................................................... 26
Airspeed ...................................................................................................................................................................... 26
Horizon Roll and Pitch ................................................................................................................................................. 26
Heading – EFIS DG ....................................................................................................................................................... 27
Wind Display ................................................................................................................................................................ 27
Skid/Slip Ball (Inclinometer) ........................................................................................................................................ 28
Standard Rate Turn Indicator ...................................................................................................................................... 28
Vertical Speed.............................................................................................................................................................. 28
Autopilot/FD Vertical Speed Bugs ............................................................................................................................... 28
G-Meter ....................................................................................................................................................................... 29
Flight Path Marker ....................................................................................................................................................... 30
EFIS Bugs (Airspeed, Altitude, Minimum Alt, Heading) ............................................................................................... 30
Clock/Timer Operation ................................................................................................................................................ 32
Angle of Attack (AOA) .................................................................................................................................................. 34
EFIS AOA CALIBRATION CHECK LIST ............................................................................................................................ 34
Analog Instrument Page .............................................................................................................................................. 36
TCW Backup Battery ............................................................................................................................ 37
TCW Backup Battery Fuse ........................................................................................................................................... 37
Synthetic Vision................................................................................................................................... 38
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) ........................................................................................................ 39
SVN TAWS Settings ...................................................................................................................................................... 40
Obstacle Display .......................................................................................................................................................... 41
Traffic Display .............................................................................................................................................................. 42
Highway in the Sky (HITS) ............................................................................................................................................ 43
Options Menu ..................................................................................................................................... 44
TIMER .......................................................................................................................................................................... 44
MIN ALT ....................................................................................................................................................................... 44
GMETER RESET ............................................................................................................................................................ 44
CRS SELECT .................................................................................................................................................................. 44
BRG SELECT.................................................................................................................................................................. 44
Inset Windows ............................................................................................................................................................. 44
Display Configuration Menu ................................................................................................................ 45
EFIS Navigation (HSI) ........................................................................................................................... 46
CDI/BRG Source Selection ........................................................................................................................................... 47
GPS Navigation Display ................................................................................................................................................ 48
VOR Navigation Display ............................................................................................................................................... 49
ILS Navigation Display ................................................................................................................................................. 50
Autopilot Control / Flight Director ....................................................................................................... 51
Autopilot Operation .................................................................................................................................................... 51
Dynon SV-Autopilot Gain Settings ............................................................................................................................... 55
EFIS Flight Director ...................................................................................................................................................... 63
Trutrak Autopilots ....................................................................................................................................................... 64
ABOUT Page ........................................................................................................................................ 66
SYS Information ........................................................................................................................................................... 66
MAP Information ......................................................................................................................................................... 66
WX Information ........................................................................................................................................................... 67
Transponder Information ............................................................................................................................................ 68
GPS Information .......................................................................................................................................................... 68
Electronic Circuit Breaker Page ............................................................................................................ 69
Maintenance Page ............................................................................................................................... 70
Flight Times ......................................................................................................................................... 70
Radio / Transponder / Audio Panel Controls ........................................................................................ 71
Com Radio Control ...................................................................................................................................................... 72
Transponder Control ................................................................................................................................................... 75
Remote Audio Panel Control ....................................................................................................................................... 76
Moving Map Display ............................................................................................................................ 80
Map Features .............................................................................................................................................................. 80
Map Options ................................................................................................................................................................ 81
Zoom Range ................................................................................................................................................................. 82
Map Panning / Pointer ................................................................................................................................................ 82
Remote EFIS Joystick Control ...................................................................................................................................... 83
Nearest Airport ............................................................................................................................................................ 84
Direct To Navigation .................................................................................................................................................... 84
EMERGENCY Airport Button ........................................................................................................................................ 85
Airport Info .................................................................................................................................................................. 86
Airspace ....................................................................................................................................................................... 86
North Up/Track Up Mode............................................................................................................................................ 86
Selecting Charts ........................................................................................................................................................... 87
VFR Sectional ............................................................................................................................................................... 88
IFR Low Altitude Chart ................................................................................................................................................. 89
Airport Diagrams ......................................................................................................................................................... 89
IFR Approach Plates ..................................................................................................................................................... 90
Map Weather Data Display ......................................................................................................................................... 91
Map Traffic Display ...................................................................................................................................................... 97
EFIS Database Files ...................................................................................................................................................... 98
Internal Flight Planning ........................................................................................................................ 99
Creating a Flight Plan ................................................................................................................................................... 99
Activating the Flight Plan ............................................................................................................................................. 99
Direct-To .................................................................................................................................................................... 100
Fly-Leg ....................................................................................................................................................................... 100
Suspending a Flight Plan ............................................................................................................................................ 100
Vertical Navigation using the internal Flight Plan ..................................................................................................... 100
Rubber Band Edit of Internal Flight Plan ................................................................................................................... 100
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Wi-Fi Adaptor .................................................................................................................................... 101
Configuring the Wi-Fi Adapter................................................................................................................................... 101
Connecting AF-5000 to ForeFlight ............................................................................................................................. 103
Send and Receive Flight Plans with ForeFlight .......................................................................................................... 104
Logbook Interface.............................................................................................................................. 106
Synthetic Appraoch ........................................................................................................................... 107
Engine Monitor Display ..................................................................................................................... 108
Fuel Computer ........................................................................................................................................................... 108
Fuel Computer Modes ............................................................................................................................................... 109
% Power Display ........................................................................................................................................................ 110
EGT/CHT Display Modes ............................................................................................................................................ 111
EFIS Checklists ................................................................................................................................... 112
Maintenance Log ............................................................................................................................... 114
Weight & Balance Screen ................................................................................................................... 115
EFIS Data Logs ................................................................................................................................... 116
APPENDIX A: AF-5000 IFR Procedures _______________________________________________ 118
Flying an LPV Approach ............................................................................................................................................. 118
APPENDIX B: EFIS Map and Charts Database Updates _________________________________ 122
AF-5000 MAP DATA ........................................................................................................................... 122
AF-5000 High Resolution Terrain DATA .............................................................................................. 123
AF-5000 CHART DATA ........................................................................................................................ 124
AF-5000 High Resolution Terrain DATA .............................................................................................. 126
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MANUAL REVISION HISTORY
REVISION
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
DATE
1/6/2012
2/1/2012
2/2/2012
2/7/2012
4/1/2012
6/20/2012
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.20
2.21
2.22
3.0
3.1
3.2
4.0
15.0
8/7/2012
12/12/2012
3/15/2012
3/20/13
7/11/2013
8/23/13
8/28/13
9/7/13
9/20/13
10/1/13
11/20/13
1/9/2014
2/1/2014
2/4/2014
9/12/2014
9/30/2014
3/2/2015
4/1/2015
10/20/2017
Version 15.0
DESCRIPTION
Updates
Updated Schematics, Software Updates, Map data
Audio, GTN650
Landing Gear, ARINC Schematics, Rotax Wiring
New VFR & IFR Low Chart Format, Serial Schematics
Landing Gear Warning, Remote AHRS, GTN650
VFR Sectionals, IFR Low, Radio, Transponder, Airplane Icon
Vendor Logo
Kavlico Pressure Sensors
Trig Transponder, Free Flight ADSB, AF-5800
Radio and Transponder controls, PocketFMS
Added P/N: 72102 GPS Module
CHT/EGT Wiring, Coolant Temp
GTN650 Interface Trouble Shooting
Added AFS ADS-B Install , New GTN650 Configuration
Updated fuel tank calibration procedure, Added Install Info
Advanced Skyview Network Connections
Fixed SD card name in data files, Advanced-SV ADAHRS
Support for Advanced-SV Network Components
Fixed ADAHRS P/N Typo, Updated Example Schematics, MAG
Updated Rotax Sensor Connections
AF-5400T, Logbook, Touch Interface
Formatting Changes, Serial #0 in Electrical Connections
New TCW Backup Battery, WiFi
Dynon Charts, Dynon Autopilot, AP Touch Menu
Updates for V15 Software
AF-5000 Series Pilot Guide
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INTRODUCTION
Advanced Flight Systems Inc. manufactures
different size AF-5000 Series Displays. The AF-5400
and AF-5500 use an 8.4” display. The AF-5600 uses
a 10.4" display and the AF-5800 and AF-5700 use a
12.1" display. The AF-5400 fits in the same mounting
cut-out as the AF-3500/4500 EFIS making it
extremely easy for those wanting to upgrade. Each
AF-5000 display can act as a Primary Flight Display
(PFD) with Synthetic Vision, an Engine Monitoring
System (EMS), and a Moving Map in a variety of
customizable screen layouts. Data is sourced from
various connected modules and devices. Subsequent
sections in this guide address PFD, Engine, and
Moving Map functions in more detail.
SV-Network
SkyView modules such as the SV-ADAHRS-20X (provides flight instrument data), SV-EMS-220/221 (provides
engine instrument data), SV-ARINC-429 (for communication with IFR GPS/NAV/COM devices), SV-COMC25/X83 (COM Radio), SV-KNOB-PANEL, SV-AP-PANEL and Autopilot servos use Dynon Avionics’
redundant SkyView Network to communicate with AF-5000 displays. The SV-Network is designed to continue
to work properly in the event of wiring or module faults by utilizing multiple power pathways and a redundant
data network. In fact, The AF-5000 can annunciate wiring issues as they are discovered, often while
preserving full system functionality until troubleshooting can be performed on the ground. These alerts are
presented in the AF-5000 alerting system, which is described in a later section of this guide.
RS-232 Serial
AF-5000 displays have five RS-232 serial ports for connection to compatible equipment. SkyView modules
which use RS-232 serial communications include the SV-GPS-250/2020 GPS receivers, SV-ADSB-472 ADSB receiver, and SV-XPNDR-261/262 transponders. All serial ports are wired into the AF-5000 Display
Harness. All serial ports have configurable baud rates and data formats for use as general purpose inputs and
outputs.
USB
AF-5000 displays have two USB ports built into the back of the display. USB ports are used for transferring
files (firmware updates and backups, database updates, configuration file uploads and downloads), the
optional AFS Wi-Fi Adapter, and optional AFS Video Adapter. These devices must be plugged into the display
before power on and remain plugged in for the full flight. Only one USB flash drive is recognized at one time by
the AF-5000 display.
SD Card
AF-5000 displays have a SD card slot on the front of the display. SD Cards can be used for transferring files
(Logbook Data, firmware updates and backups, map database updates, configuration file uploads and
downloads)
USB Flash Drive
Each AF-5000 display ships with a USB flash drive with the high resolution SVN database; however, there is
nothing unique about this USB flash drive. Any appropriate size USB flash drive may be used with an AF5000. A USB flash drive with the high resolution database file must reside in one of the display’s USB ports
while in operation (the files are not transferred to AF-5000 internal storage). If Procedure Charts, Airport
Diagrams and Enroute Charts are used they should also be located on the same USB flash drive.
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WARNING
It is possible for any instrument to fail and display inaccurate readings. Therefore, the pilot must
be able to recognize an instrument failure and must be proficient in operating the aircraft safely in
spite of an instrument failure. Contact the FAA or a local flight instructor if training is desired to be
proficient. The ability for this product to detect a problem is directly related to the pilot’s ability to
program proper limits and the pilot’s interpretation and observation skills. The pilot must
understand the operation of this product before flying the aircraft. Do not allow anyone to operate
the aircraft that does not know the operation of this product. A copy of this manual must be kept
in the aircraft at all times.
Displays Are Synchronized
If you have multiple AF-5000 displays in your aircraft, actions such as setting BARO, BUGS, engaging the Autopilot, or
acknowledging warnings only need to be performed on one display (or control panel) and that action is synchronized
throughout the AF-5000 system. Some settings such as individual screen layout and map range level are deliberately not
synchronized between multiple AF-5000 displays.
Buttons, Knobs and Touch Interface
User interaction takes place via the two upper side knobs, buttons integrated into the knobs, bottom knob joystick and
18 buttons along the bottom and side of the AF-5000 display’s bezel and via touch gestures on the display screen itself.
Data Logging
AF-5000 displays record and store flight information in several datalogs which can be exported for analysis by the
owner, and a high-resolution datalog which can is used by Dynon Avionics for troubleshooting.
Synthetic Vision (SVN)
When valid GPS data is available, and a high-resolution terrain database for the appropriate region is loaded, the PFD
features integrated Synthetic Vision. Synthetic Vision displays the terrain directly ahead of the aircraft. Terrain is
graphically represented in sectional chart color variations which represent topographical elevations and water features.
Terrain is textured with a subtle pattern to aid in identifying aircraft movement.
GPS Moving Map and VFR GPS Navigator
AF-5000 features a robust GPS moving map and VFR GPS navigator. Aviation and Obstacle data can be displayed, as well
as VFR and IFR enroute charts, procedure charts (plates), and airport diagrams. Go to http://advanced-flightsystems.com to find links to the various sources of aviation / obstacle data and chart data.
Flight Data Modules – SV-ADAHRS-200, SV-ADAHRS-201, and SV-MAG-236
This guide uses SV-ADAHRS-20X to refer to both the SV-ADAHRS-200 and the SV-ADAHRS-201. The SV-ADAHRS-200 and
SV-ADAHRS-201 are identical in performance and are designed to work together as a redundant ADAHRS solution.
The primary flight instruments on your AF-5000 PFD are generated using a group of calibrated sensors built into the SVADAHRS-20X ADAHRS module. All sensors are solid state – that is, there are no moving parts. These sensors include
accelerometers, which measure forces in all three directions; rotational rate sensors, which sense rotation about all
three axes; pressure transducers for measuring air data; and magnetometers on all three axes for measuring magnetic
heading. Due to the sensitivity of the SV=ADAHRS to magnetic interference, some aircraft installations are better served
by mounting the SV-ADAHRS-20X within the specified center of gravity box and installing an SV-MAG-236 Remote
Magnetometer well away from any dynamic magnetic interference – and possibly outside the center of gravity box
specified for the ADAHRS. If an SV-MAG-236 is installed, its magnetometer provides magnetic heading data to the
system, and data from the integrated magnetometer(s) in the SV-ADAHRS-20X are disregarded.
Table 2 describes which inputs and sensors are used within the ADAHRS module to generate the different displayed
instruments.
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Attitude Calculation
The AF-5000 artificial horizon display (attitude) is generated via a complex algorithm using a multitude of sensors as
described in Table 2. In normal operation an AF-5000 uses airspeed to provide superior attitude accuracy. Should
airspeed become unavailable due to inadvertent blockage of the pitot system, GPS ground speed will be used as an
attitude aid. GPS ASSIST will be annunciated on the PFD when this mode is in effect.
Compass Accuracy Effects on Synthetic Vision, Map Performance, and Autopilot
It is critical that the magnetic heading be as accurate as possible for optimal Synthetic Vision and Moving Map
performance. The SV-ADAHRS-20X – and SV-MAG-236 if included in the system – must be installed correctly, calibrated,
and operating well in all attitudes. However, it is important to note that magnetic heading is not used to aid attitude
determination under any circumstance.
GPS Receivers – SV-GPS-250 and SV-GPS-2020
The SV-GPS-250 and SV-GPS-2020 GPS modules are externally mounted GPS receivers designed specifically for use with
AF-5000 systems. Both modules are powered by the AF-5000 display (and thus will provide position updates when the
AF-5000 display is operating on battery backup power). Each module outputs GPS data to AF-5000 in NMEA format and
automatically sets the time on the AF-5000 display. To improve positional accuracy, both the SV-GPS-250 and the SVGPS-2020 receive Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) GPS correction signals (where WAAS is available). The ability
to receive WAAS GPS correction signals does not allow the SV-GPS-250 or SV-GPS-2020 to be used as a primary
navigation source in an IFR environment where a TSO’d WAAS GPS may be required.
Engine Data Modules – SV-EMS-220 and SV-EMS-221
The engine gauges on your AF-5000 Engine Page are generated from the data acquired by the SV-EMS-220 or SV-EMS221 Engine Monitoring module and their connected sensors. These modules support popular four and six-cylinder
engine installations and can measure a variety of engine and environmental parameters such as RPM, manifold
pressure, oil temperature and pressure, exhaust gas temperature (EGT), cylinder head temperature (CHT), fuel levels for
multiple tanks, voltage, current, fuel pressure, fuel flow, carburetor air temperature, coolant pressure and temperature,
flap and trim potentiometers, external contacts, and general purpose temperature sensors.
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Autopilot – Servos
Dynon Avionics SV32, SV42, and SV52 servos enable the operation of AF-5000’s integrated autopilot system. Refer to
the System Installation Guide for more information about Dynon Avionics autopilot servos.
Autopilot Control Panel – SV-AP-PANEL
The SV-AP-PANEL is an optional panel-mounted module that affords dedicated controls for the AF-5000. The SV-APPANEL includes dedicated buttons for engaging the Flight Director, Autopilot, and all modes including setting up fullycoupled approaches, VNAV, IAS Hold, and mode sequencing (provided that the necessary IFR navigation sources are
installed in the aircraft). It also has a LEVEL button to immediately return the aircraft to straight and level flight.
Auto-trim
A secondary function of the SV-AP-PANEL is that it can control one or two electric trim control motors (replaces a
conventional “relay deck”). If this function is installed, the AF-5000 Autopilot, when engaged, can also provide
automatic trim control – Auto-trim.
Transponders – SV-XPNDR-261 and SV-XPNDR-262
The SV-XPNDR-261 (Class 1) and SV-XPNDR-262 (Class 2) are TSO’d remote mounted Mode-S transponder modules that,
in addition to their transponder capability, contain ADS-B Out capability via 1090 ES, and TIS traffic input capability (US
Only). Note: Only the Class 1 SV-XPNDR-261 meets the 2020 mandate for ADS-B Out.
ADS-B Receiver – SV-ADSB-472
The SV-ADSB-472 is a Dual Band (1090 / 978 MHz) ADS-B receiver. It can receive traffic and weather information from
the Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS-B) system. ADS-B data allows integrated traffic and NEXRAD
weather data to be displayed on your AF-5000 display. Currently the UAT Band is only used in the US
Com Radios – SV-COM-C25 and SV-COM-X83
The SV-COM-C25 is an integrated VHF Com Radio for AF-5000 consisting of two modules: the SV-COM-PANEL, and the
SV-COM-425. The SV-COM-C25 has 25 kHz channel spacing and is intended primarily for aircraft operating in the US. The
SV-COM-X83 is an integrated VHF Com Radio consisting of two modules, the SV-COM-PANEL, and the SV-COM-T8. The
SV-COM-X83 has 8.33 kHz channel spacing required for European pilots. Both the SV-COM-C25 and SV-COM-X83 can
tune frequencies by querying an aviation database installed in a AF-5000.
Intercom – SV-INTERCOM-2S
The SV-INTERCOM-2S is a two-place stereo intercom that is designed to pair perfectly with your AF-5000 System and AF5000 Com Radio. It has inputs for AF-5000 audio alerts, stereo music, and multiple other mono muting and non-muting
inputs.
Knob Panel – SV-KNOB-PANEL
The SV-KNOB-PANEL is an optional panel-mounted module for AF-5000. This control panel has three knobs dedicated to
the most common AF-5000 bug functions – ALT, BARO, and HDG/TRK. This module is particularly useful in AF-5400
systems. Note that these bugs can also be adjusted from the three AF-5000 display knobs.
Video Input Adapter
The optional Video Input Adapter enables the display of a video signal (must be S-Video or Composite) on your AF-5000
display in a window. The Video Input Adapter must be inserted into one of the two USB plugs on the back of the AF5000 display during system power-on and while operating.
Wi-Fi Adapter
The optional Wi-Fi Adapter allows supported devices, such as Apple iPhones and iPads, with supported apps, such as
ForeFlight, to exchange data with AF-5000. For example, you can compose a flight plan (or, multiple flight plans) in
ForeFlight, and after you get to your plane, ForeFlight can send a flight plan to AF-5000. The Wi-Fi Adapter must be
inserted into one of the two USB plugs on the back of the AF-5000 display during system power-on and while operating.
For current devices and apps compatible with AF-5000 Wi-Fi Adapter, see http://www.dynonavionics.com/skyview-wifiadapter.php.
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External Controls, Indicators, Jacks, etc.
The primary harness for each AF-5000 display provides inputs or outputs for external buttons, switches, indicators,
jacks, etc. Some of these are required (such as Servo Disconnect / CWS), while others provide optional additional
functionality. As part of your familiarization with your AF-5000 system, you should identify these additional controls on
your panel or elsewhere in your cabin, and how they interact with your AF-5000 system. For additional detail, please
reference the System Installation Guide.
This list does not reference power control breakers, switches, or semi-automated power control systems such as
ADVANCED Control Module or VP-X.
•
Autopilot (Servos):
o Servo Disconnect / Control Wheel Steering (CWS) Button
•
Heated AOA/Pitot Probe:
o Heated Pitot Off / Failed Warning Indicator
•
SV-AP-PANEL (Electric Trim):
o (These controls may be integrated into a “Hat Switch”)
o Pilot Trim Controls: Up, Down, Left, Right
o Copilot Trim Controls: Up, Down, Left, Right
•
SV-COM-425 / X83:
o Copilot Headset Jacks
o Copilot Push-To-Talk (PTT) Button (Likely integrated into the stick)
o Pilot Headset Jacks
o Copilot Push-To-Talk (PTT) Button (Likely integrated into the stick)
o Active / Standby Frequency Flip/Flop Button
USB Jacks (one per display)
•
•
SV-INTERCOM-2S:
o Copilot Push-To-Talk (PTT) Button (Likely integrated into the stick)
o Copilot Headset Jacks
o Music In Jack
o Pilot Push-To-Talk (PTT) Button (Likely integrated into the stick)
o Pilot Headset Jacks
o Radio Select (Transmit) Switch
•
SV-XPNDR-261/262:
o Standby Switch
o Ident Button
Visual and Aural Warnings
Each gauge can have an upper and lower caution and warning limit. If a gauge is in the caution area the needle will turn
yellow. If a gauge is in the warning area the needle will turn red.
If the engine RPM is greater than 500rpm and a gauge is in the warning area the gauge name will be displayed in the
info strip on the screen in red and an audible warning will generated. For example, if the oil pressure is low, the “Check
Oil Pressure” warning should sound, this will repeat every 5 seconds until the gauge is no longer in the warning area or
[ACK] (button 12) is pressed to acknowledge the error and stop the audible warning for that gauge.
The system will give the audible warning “Check Fuel Computer” on startup if the fuel computer’s gallons remaining
value does not match the fuel tanks level. This feature (if turned on in Instrument Calibration) should warn if fuel is
added and the fuel computer is not adjusted. The number of gallons that will generate an error is adjusted in Instrument
Calibrate. Since the fuel levels are NOT accurate when the tanks are near full this value is doubled when the tanks show
full.
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SYSTEM OPERATION
Turning the Unit ON
The AF-5000 Series will turn on anytime power is applied to the main power input and will
stay running as long as there is power supplied. If power from the aircraft hot battery bus or
backup battery is connected to the backup power input, the system can be turned on by
pressing and holding button 1 (lower left button) for 2 seconds.
Screen Dimming
The screen can be dimmed by pressing [CHECK] and rotating the top knob labeled [DIM]
AHRS Alignment (Gyro)
When power is applied to the system the EFIS display will have a large RED X
while the AHRS in initializing.
The Aircraft should not be moved until the RED X disappears from the Screen
(Approximately 40-60 seconds)
If for any reason the RED X appears on the screen the Horizon
Attitude, Heading, and Slip display MUST NOT BE RELIED ON FOR
PRIMARY NAVIGATION.
Turning the Unit OFF
The system will turn off when power is removed from the Main Power input. If main power is turned off and backup
power is still present, the system will start a 30-second countdown to power-off and display an on-screen alert as long
as there is no airspeed or RPM.
Pressing any button will bypass the countdown and the display will remain powered on. Care should be taken not to run
the aircraft battery down too low during extended periods on the ground.
Backup Power Operation
If the external battery or the aircraft hot battery bus is connected to the backup power input the unit will continue to
operate down to 8 Volts.
If external power is lost in-flight and the system is running on the backup battery, it is imperative that
the aircraft land immediately, before all power to the EFIS systems is lost. There are many factors
that can reduce battery life depending on the configuration of the display and what external
accessories are connected.
Battery Power Shutdown
The display can be turned off when on backup power by pressing [SET] (Button 18) and then holding [PWR DWN]
(Button 11). The unit will also turn off when on backup power if there is no airspeed or RPM for 5 minutes or if the
system voltage gets critically low.
DO NOT ASSUME THE EFIS HAS ONE HOUR OF BATTERY LIFE.
NEVER TAKE-OFF USING BACKUP BATTERY POWER.
When the unit is running on backup power the battery voltage is displayed on the screen Info Strip
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EFIS Screen Menus
The EFIS boots in the MAIN screen menu and will automatically time out and return to it from the sub menus. In the
MAIN screen menu, the knobs on the right control the function that the flag is pointed to. In this picture the top knob is
controlling the Heading Bug. To make the knob control the CDI course (OBS) you would first push the CRS button and
the knob flag would point to CRS. You can also type a value instead of using the knob by pressing the button and then
using the on-screen keyboard.
SET Menu
Pressing the upper right hand [SET] button brings up the settings menu and changes the button labels to orange.
Pressing the [BACK] button returns you to the MAIN menu.
The settings menu has the following buttons and menus:
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SET > EFIS Page Settings
HDG BUG
Turns ON/OFF Heading Bug
ALT BUG
Turns ON/OFF Altitude Bug
IAS BUG
Turns ON/OFF Airspeed Bug
HDGC:G
Sets the color of the EFIS DG / HIS
Gray
White
G RESET
Resets the G Meter
AOA CAL
Enter AOA Calibration Mode
SOURCE
Sets the GPS source for the SVN display (GNAV1, GPS2,
AUTO). The Dynon GPS-250 or GPS-2020 have higher
accuracy than an ARINC GPS GNAV1 source.
TARGET
Turns ON/OFF Flight Path Marker
X-WIND
Turns ON/OFF Cross Wind display
SVN
Turns ON/OFF Synthetic Vision
FLTDIR
Turns ON/OFF Flight Director
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CHECK Menu
Pressing the [CHECK] button brings up the
Checklist Page. You use the joystick to move
between Checklist items and press in to check off
the item.
The CHECKLIST page has the following buttons
and menus
Side Buttons
BACK
Returns to the Main Menu
DIM
Dims the displays in the Aircraft
BARO
Enables you to adjust the Baro
while doing the Checklist
PAGE
Selects the Checklist Page
CLR
Clears the Checklist items
Bottom Buttons
RADIO
Brings up the XM Radio Page
W&B
Weight and Balance Page
MAINT
Maintenance Page
ABOUT
About Menu
ELEC
Electronic Circuit Breaker Menu
AUDIO
Audio Panel Page
VIDEO
Video Display window and settings
LOGBOOK
Logbook Menu
EMER
Emergency Checklist
ESTART
Engine Starting Check List
B4-TO
Before Take Off Checklist
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Screen Hardware Reboot
The display CPU can be rebooted by pressing and holding (Button 1) and (Knob 1) for 40 seconds. This causes the
internal hardware to reboot and reinitialize the system. This should only be required if the EFIS failed to load the
software.
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EFIS Display Layout
Screen Selection
The first three buttons on the screen bottom row [EFIS], [ENGINE], [MAP] control what is displayed on the EFIS screen.
There are additional options available for each item that pop up when the button is pressed. The button layout is
configured so that a double press of the button always changes the item from (OFF to ON) or (ON to OFF) for simplified
operation.
Depending on what you have selected to display any of the (EFIS, ENGINE, MAP) displays can be one third, half ,or full
screen.
If the EFIS Horizon has been turned off double pressing Button 1 should turn it ON.
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Screen Selection using Touch Gestures
A single finger touch and drag with longer than 1 inch of travel will cause the screen to change views as described
below:
A single finger swipe in the downward direction will cause a screen in full engine view to minimize to half engine view. A
screen in half engine view will change to no engine view.
A single finger swipe in the upward direction will cause a screen in full EFIS view to bring up half engine view. A screen
in half engine view will change to full engine view.
A single finger swipe in the left direction will cause a screen in full EFIS view to bring up half map view. A screen in half
map view will change to full map view.
A single finger swipe in the right direction will cause a screen in full map view to bring up half EFIS view. A screen in half
EFIS view will change to full EFIS view.
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EFIS Button Options
[OFF]
Turns the EFIS Horizon OFF
[ANALOG]
Turns the EFIS Analog 6 Pack display ON
[EFIS]
Turns the EFIS Horizon ON
[OAT F/C]
Selects Outside temperature display to Fahrenheit or Celsius
[FD ON/OFF]
Turns the Flight Director ON or OFF
[HITS ON/OFF]
Turns the Highway In The Sky ON or OFF
[AOA ON/OFF/DCL]
Turns the AOA display to always ON, always OFF, or Declutter mode
[AOA SND]
Turns the AOA Warning Audio ON or OFF
[PITCH ADJ]
Selects EFIS Horizon pitch adjust setting to compensate for panel tilt.
ENGINE Button Options
[ENGINE]
Turns the ENGINE display ON
[OFF]
Turns the ENGINE display OFF
[OAT F/C]
Selects Outside temperature display to Fahrenheit or Celsius
[PEAK]
Selects EGT Peak detect Mode
[FILL MAINS] Sets the Fuel Computer Main Tanks to Full
[FILL ALL]
Sets the Fuel Computer Main & AUX Tanks to Full
[FC MODE]
Select the Fuel Computer display mode (HRS REM, NM/GAL, SM/GAL, GREM AT, GREQ TO, GAL
USED, GAL REM)
[FC ADJ]
Let’s you adjust the Fuel Computer quantity using the joystick knob. Turn the knob to select amount to
change and then press the knob to set.
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MAP Button Options
[AIRPORT]
Displays the Flight Guide Airport Diagram (Requires optional data subscription)
[AP PLT]
Displays the Approach Plate (Requires optional data subscription)
[OFF]
Turns the MAP display OFF
[MAP]
Displays the standard MAP screen
[SECTION]
Display the VFR Sectional (Requires optional data subscription)
[IFR LOW]
Display the IFR Low Altitude Chart (Requires optional data subscription)
[SOURCE]
Selects the GPS Map source
[TRK/NRTH]
Select Track or North up display mode for the map.
[WX]
Selects the Weather display menu
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AF-5400 Interface
The 5400 Interface is very similar to the standard AF-5000 series. All AF-5400 displays are equipped with a touch
screen interface to allow for equal functionality with fewer buttons and knobs. The right side button tags are all touch
controlled, as is the keyboard for data input. The display recognizes the same swipe, pinch, and drag motions through
the touch screen.
Screen Selection
Screen Selection is done through touch screen gestures. A single figure drag motion will turn on or off different displays
in the same manner as touch screen equipped AF-5000 EFIS. (See Screen Selection Using Touch Gestures)
Touch Keys
To retain the functionality of an 11 button keyboard the AF-5400 uses touch keys for data input.
For example, to adjust the Barometric Pressure (BARO):
1. Tap the BARO readout tag (Directly below the altitude tape).
2. The touch keyboard will be displayed, input the new barometric pressure
3. Press [ENT] (Far right on the touch keyboard) to enter the new barometric pressure.
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Changing Knob Function (Baro, ALT, Zoom…)
1. Press Knob
2. Twist knob to scroll through Menus
3.
Press Knob again to set new function
Access the [SET] Menus/Calibration Page on 5400 Display
1. Tap [SET]
2. The SET categories (EFIS, ENGINE…) will be displayed across the buttons.
3. There are more categories (CAL, LOGS…) which can be paged through by twisting the left knob.
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Touch Screen
Touch Screen equipped displays provide a multitude of interface control and input options for nearly every display function. User
interface gains simplicity and ease of use through taps, swipes, drags and pinches.
Areas boxed in yellow recognize a tap input to adjust parameters and as a shortcut to menus. For instance, a tap of the Transponder
Status tab in the top left will bring up the transponder control page. Further descriptions of touch screen interface can be found in the
section relative to their task (i.e. Map Panning / Pointer Control will be in the Map Panning / Pointer section of the manual).
Altitude
The altitude tape gives a visual representation of altitude. The digital readout points to
current altitude, thousands of feet are displayed using large numbers while hundreds of
feet are displayed using smaller numbers. The green chevrons are located at 1000’
intervals for IFR cruising altitudes and the white chevrons are located at 500’ indicating
VFR cruising altitudes. Above the tape are two boxes showing the value of the two
altitude bugs. The main ALT bug is for the Flight Director altitude pre-select. It's altitude
is shown in the upper box. The lower box displays altitude for the MIN ALT bug which is
used to program a DH/MDA for an IFR approach.
Barometric Pressure/Altitude
The current barometer setting is displayed in the box below the altitude tape. The
value is shown in either inches of Mercury or millibars. The current barometer setting
can be adjusted by turning the joystick anytime the BARO function is active. If
BARO is not active, press the button above the joystick to make BARO the active
function. The current field elevation is stored in memory so that the altitude should be
correct after a power cycle.
Airspeed
The airspeed is displayed on the left side of the screen using an analog 4 color tape
and digital readout. The airspeed range marks can be adjusted in Instrument
Calibration under Airspeed. The airspeed units are displayed in both the upper
Indicated Airspeed box and the lower True Airspeed box. A barber pole style hash will
automatically show above Vne. GPS derived Ground Speed is also given below the
TAS readout.
Horizon Roll and Pitch
The horizon (roll and pitch) works the same way that a
traditional artificial horizon works. The white zero pitch line
stays parallel to the actual horizon regardless of the aircrafts
pitch and roll configuration. The zero pitch line is not always
on the horizon. If the display is showing terrain above the
zero-pitch line, the aircraft is below the upcoming terrain.
The parallel lines above and below the horizon line are the
pitch indicator lines. Similarly the arrow rotating around the
roll indicator gives visual representation of the current roll
angle. Each mark represents 10 degrees of roll with longer
marks at 0, 30, 45, and 60. The pitch line can be adjusted
for level flight from the main EFIS page by pressing the
following buttons [SET] -> [AHRS] -> [PTCH ADJ] or [EFIS]
-> [PTCH ADJ]. The joystick is then used to adjust for level
flight pitch.
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Heading – EFIS DG
This heading is displayed like a standard slaved directional gyro. The digital readout in the pointer shows
the current heading. If the EFIS DG is red, the heading should not be relied on and the magnetometer
wiring should be checked.
Magnetic Heading (direction the aircraft nose is pointed)
GPS Ground Track (direction the aircraft is moving over the ground)
The difference between Heading and Ground track is due to wind or magnetic interference.
Wind Display
The EFIS will calculate and display the wind speed and direction. The EFIS uses Airspeed, Altitude, OAT,
magnetic heading, and GPS ground track to calculate the wind, just like you would with an E6B flight
computer. Magnetic heading and/or Pitot-Static errors can cause large errors in the wind calculations.
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Skid/Slip Ball (Inclinometer)
The skid/slip ball works like any standard mechanical gauge. If the ball is within the black lines, the aircraft is in
coordinated flight. The ball on the outside of a turn indicates a skid, while the ball on the inside of a turn
indicates a slip.
Standard Rate Turn Indicator
The required bank angle for a standard rate turn is indicated by a white triangle on the
roll scale. If the yellow bank angle pointer is aligned with one of the white triangles a
180º turn will be completed in 1 minute. The required bank angle will change with
airspeed and the triangles will disappear below 30 kts.
Vertical Speed
The vertical speed is displayed using a black arrow and green bar located
on the right side of the altimeter tape. The bar will increase upward for
climbing flight and increase downward for descending flight. The digital
vertical speed will be displayed in the black pointer.
Autopilot/FD Vertical Speed Bugs
When the autopilot is climbing to the altitude bug in vertical speed mode it will
follow the Vertical Speed Bug.
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G-Meter
The AF-5000 has two G Meter options, one on the left side of the airspeed tape or a round G-Meter
that can be configured to pop up at G Warning. You can also select a G Meter for the left or right
inset window.
[SET] -> [EFIS] -> [G METER]
The Dynon ADAHRS G Meter is limited to +10/- 8 G’s and will record the maximum and
minimum G’s that the aircraft has seen since the last time the [G RESET] button was
pressed: SET > EFIS > G RESET
Selecting the G-Meter left or right inset
window:
1. Touch the center of the pitch pointer
to bring up the menu.
2. Select G Meter for the left or right
inset window.
3. Swipe the G-Meter left or right to
remove it from the screen.
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Flight Path Marker
The green flight path marker (FPM) or velocity vector shows where the aircraft is
actually moving. Think of it as a visual representation of GPS Track. The green target
will only be centered under steady state flight conditions with no wind. Usually the target
will be moving around the display showing where the airplane is going, not where the
nose is pointed. If there is a strong cross wind from the left the FPM will move to the
right. If the FPM is kept on the horizon line, the aircraft will maintain level flight, even
during steep turns. The FPM requires a valid GPS signal be present and Synthetic
Vision enabled. The FPM will be red if there is no GPS signal or there is not enough
room on the screen to show the FPM deviation.
The FPM can be turned ON/OFF by pressing [EFIS] -> [TARGET]
EFIS Bugs (Airspeed, Altitude, Minimum Alt, Heading)
Altitude Bug
The Altitude Bug can be turned on and off from the [SET] -> [EFIS] -> [ALT BUG] menu. If the
Altitude Bug is on and the text over the knob is ALT the knob will set the desired altitude bug
location. If the text is not ALT, should press the knob button until it appears. Holding the knob down
for two seconds will sync the altitude bug to the current altitude. The box on the top of the altitude
tape shows the current bug location and will have a black background when selected.
Altitude Alerting
The Altitude Alerting function provides visual and voice “ALTITUDE” alerts when approaching the Altitude
Bug.
•
Upon passing through 1000 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Altitude Bug changes from White to Yellow
•
When the aircraft passes within 200 ft of the Selected Altitude, the Altitude Bug changes from Yellow to
Cyan, and the voice alert “ALTITUDE” is generated.
•
After reaching the Selected Altitude the pilot flies outside of the deviation band (±200 feet of the Altitude
Bug), the Altitude Bug changes from Cyan to Yellow, and the voice alert “ALTITUDE” is generated.
Altitude > 1000’ of Bug
1000’ > Altitude > 200’ of Bug
Altitude < 200’ of Bug
Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Bug
A barometric Minimum Descent Altitude Bug (MDA, or Decision Height, DH) is displayed whenever the
altitude bug is turned on. The MINS bug can be changed by pressing [SET] -> [MINS]. Holding the knob
down for two seconds will sync the bug to the current altitude. The second box on the top of the altitude tape
shows the current bug location and will have a black background when selected.
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MDA/DH Alerting
The MDA Alerting function provides visual and voice “MINIMUMS” alerts when approaching the Bug.
•
Upon passing through 100 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Bug changes from Cyan to White.
•
After reaching the Selected Altitude the Bug changes from White to Yellow, and the voice alert
“MINIMUMS” is generated.
Altitude > 100’ of MDA Bug
100’ > Altitude > MDA Bug
Altitude < MDA Bug “MIMIMUMS”
Airspeed Bug
The Airspeed Bug can be turned on and off from the [SET] -> [EFIS] -> [IAS BUG]
menu. If the Airspeed Bug is on, it can be selected by pressing [SET] and rotating the
knob labeled [IAS]. will set the desired airspeed bug location. Holding the knob down for
two seconds will sync the airspeed bug to the current airspeed. The box on the top of the
airspeed tape shows the current bug location and will have a black background when
selected.
Heading Bug
The Heading Bug can be turned on and off from the [SET] -> [EFIS] -> [HDG BUG] menu. If the
Heading Bug is on and selected, it can be rotated to adjust heading. Pressing the button above
the HDG knob will also bring up a numeric input on the lower row of buttons. Holding the knob
down for two seconds will sync the heading bug to the current magnetic heading. The text next
to the heading box shows the current bug location and will have a black background when
selected. Touch Screen equipped displays recognize a touch and drag of the Heading Bug.
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Clock/Timer Operation
The system time is automatically set by
GPS. The unit will set Zulu time
automatically when GPS signal is acquired.
Clock Setting
Touch the Time or press the [TIMER] button to
enter the date/time adjustment menu. Press the
[OFFSET] button to enter the Time Zone offset
from UTC time (i.e. Pacific Standard Time is -7
UTC). Clock Format can be changed to 12hour, 24-hour or Zulu format in the TIMER
menu by pressing [CLK:12H], [CLK:24H], or
[CLK:Z].
Timer Menu Functions
The system has a count-down and count-up timer.
Once the timer is activated it is displayed on the
upper left corner of the screen, under the clock.
ON/OFF
Turns ON and OFF the Timer
UP/DOWN
Selects UP or DOWN Timer
RESET
Resets the Timer
START/STOP Starts the Timer or Stops the Timer
CLOCK MODE AM/PM, 24H, Zulu
NET SYNC
Forces all screens to the same time
OFFSET
Sets the Zulu offset
SEC
Adjusts the timer seconds
MIN
Adjusts the timer minutes
The Up or Down mode is displayed with an arrow on the screen.
The timer display will flash green when 0:00 is reached and the voice alert “TIMER”
will sound. The timer will also start counting in the negative, indicated elapsed time
expired. The RESET button acts differently based on Timer mode. In Count Down
mode, the RESET button will reset the time to the last programmed time. In Count Up
mode, the RESET button will change the timer to 0:00.
Dual Screen Clock Setting
The current time on another non AF-5000 EFIS screen can be set by pressing the [NET SYNC] button
from the timer menu on the current display. When the [NET SYNC] button is pressed, the time is sent
over the Ethernet connection to the other screen and its clock is set to match the current screen.
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Dual AHRS Monitoring
If a system has two ADAHRS units the EFIS screen will constantly compare both ADAHRS units for a
mismatch error in Roll, Pitch, or Heading an AHRS MISMATCH error will be displayed on the center of
the screen. You can select the ADAHRS that the system is using from the OPTIONS MENU (Touch the
center of the PFD display). Selecting an ADAHRS on the Pilot PFD EFIS screen will force all MFD
displays to use the same ADAHRS. Selecting an ADAHRS on a MFD display will only change it on the
MFD and only for that EFIS power cycle.
AUTO
System decides which
ADAHRS to use
AHRS 1
Use ADAHRS 1
AHRS 2
Use ADAHRS 2
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Angle of Attack (AOA)
See Appendix I: AOA Pressure Port Location
The EFIS can display an AOA if the optional AOA system is installed. An in-flight AOA calibration is
required before the AOA indication can be deemed reliable.
The AOA in-flight settings can be adjusted from following Menu:
[EFIS] -> [AOA ON/OFF/DECLUTTER]
Button 2 in the AOA menu controls the AOA display.
OFF
The AOA display is always off
ON
The AOA display is always on
DECLUTTER
The AOA display will be on if the angle of attack is greater than the AOA declutter
segment in the EFIS AOA calibration menu. Testing has shown the ideal setting for
declutter is 8.
The segments are numbered using the following:
23
16
12
6
Warning - RED Only
Approach - Yellow lined up with the center of the donut
L/D Max - Split Green bar
Bottom Green Bar.
Flap Sensor
The AOA indicator can use either the flap position sensor for the screen or the supplied switch connected
to Input #3 on the main EFIS harness. The AOA "Use Flap Angle Sensor" (Found in the AOA menu in
Instrument Calibration) should be set to YES if the Position Sensor is installed. The sensor used is
typically a Ray Allen Co. POS-12 Linear Position Sensor.
4. AOA
13. Use Flap Angle Sensor
YES/NO
16. Declutter Segment
8
AOA Display
The center round donut will be green when the flaps are down and black when they are up. For a
detailed explanation of the AOA system please refer to the separate AOA manual and the EFIS AOA
Calibration Checklist. The numbers below the display are degrees angle of attack in tenths. If the AOA is
properly calibrated, the following displays should be shown. As actual angle of attack increases the
display will lose bars.
L/D Max
Approach
Warning
STALL
Best engine out glide
AOA.
Desired AOA for a
normal approach.
Indicates the aircraft
is15% above stall
and an audible
“Angle Angle Push”
is heard.
This should indicate
upon reaching the
stalling AOA
EFIS AOA CALIBRATION CHECK LIST
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EFIS AOA
CALIBRATION
CHECK LIST
EFIS_cklst.doc
09/2014
paper color Green
rev 4
POST INSTALLATION PRE FLIGHT
Blow into Blue tube at CPU -------- Air exits Upper Wing Port
Blow into Green tube at CPU ------- Air exits lower Wing Port
PITOT/STATIC LEAK TEST ------------------- COMPLETED
AIRCRAFT LOG ---------------------------------------UPDATED
AIRCRAFT CHECKLISTS ---------------------------UPDATED
ANNUAL CONDITION C/L -------------------------UPDATED
CHAPTER IX TESTING ------------------------- COMPLETED
HANGAR CALIBRATION
The only thing that is required for the EFIS AOA is
to check the flap switch.
LANDING CONFIGURATION
CALIBRATION
AIRCRAFT LOCATION .................... AIRBORNE
FLAPS/GEAR .................... CONFIRMED DOWN
EFIS AOA DISPLAY ON.................................. ON
AOA CAL Button ....................... PUSH/RELEASE
CONFIRM flap down calibrate page .............................1OL
ZERO “G” MANEUVER for 1/2 sec. ................... YES
RECORD button ............................. PUSH/RELEASE
CONFIRM flap down angle advisory page ...................... 1AA
AIRSPEED 1.15Vso descending slow flight ............... YES
RECORD button ............................. PUSH/RELEASE
PAGE button ............................. 2x PUSH/RELEASE
CONFIRM save data to non-volatile memory page .............. 1SA
RECORD button ............................. PUSH/RELEASE
YOU ARE NOW IN THE FLIGHT MODE
FLAPS UP ..................... DONUT CHECKED OFF
FLAPS DOWN ............... DONUT CHECKED ON
CRUISE CONFIGURATION
CALIBRATION
AIRCRAFT LOCATION..................... AIRBORNE
FLAPS/GEAR........................... CONFIRMED UP
EFIS AOA DISPLAY ON ................................. ON
AF-5000 AOA Calibrate Menu
SET  EFIS  AOA CAL ........ PUSH/RELEASE
CONFIRM flap up calibrate page ................................ 0OL
ZERO “G” MANEUVER for 1/2 sec. ................... YES
RECORD button ............................ PUSH/RELEASE
CONFIRM flap up angle advisory page ......................... 0AA
AIRSPEED 1.15Vs1 descending slow flight ............... YES
RECORD button ............................ PUSH/RELEASE
PAGE button ............................ 2x PUSH/RELEASE
CONFIRM save data to non-volatile memory page .............. 0SA
RECORD button ............................. PUSH/RELEASE
FLIGHT TEST AOA
VERIFICATION C/L ------------------- COMPLETE
CHAPTER X CALIBRATING -------- COMPLETE
CHAPTER X FLIGHT TESTING --- COMPLETE
------------------------------------------------------------FLY THE AIRPLANE & WATCH FOR TRAFFIC!
The POST INSTALLATION and HANGAR CALIBRATION CHECK
LISTS must be completed prior to flight. The zero “G” maneuver requires
that all unsecured items be removed from the aircraft prior to flight. Two
pilots are required during the calibration process and one will be assigned
the task to fly the aircraft and nothing more. The flight calibration area will
be cleared for traffic and will be at a safe altitude with the IAS always within
the green IAS band. Stalls are not required or desired!
Push button in for 1/2 second and then releasing the button is proper button
technique.
YOU ARE NOW IN THE FLIGHT MODE
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Analog Instrument Page
[EFIS]  [ANALOG]
AF-5400
[SET]  [EFIS]  [ANALOG]
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TCW Backup Battery
When the main power to the EFIS is lost the EFIS should continue to run on the battery backup power. A new
fully charged battery should power the EFIS for about an hour. You should dim the EFIS screen (CHECK >
DIM > Top Knob) to make the battery last longer. When power is lost you should get an audible “CHECK
VOLTAGE” warning and the Backup Battery Voltage will be displayed on the EFIS Status Bar.
Main EFIS Power Voltage
Backup Battery Voltage
Every time you shut off power to the EFIS it should switch to the backup battery for 30 seconds and bring up a
warning that it is about to shut down. If you press any button during the shutdown warning it will continue to
run for 5 minutes before doing another 30 second shutdown warning.
•
•
If the EFIS is displaying Airspeed or Engine RPM it will not try and shutdown.
If the EFIS immediately turns off when you turn off power you should check the TCW
backup battery wiring and TCW case fuse
TCW Backup Battery Fuse
The TCW battery has a 10 AMP ATM MINI fuse that can be replaced on the side of the unit.
The EFIS backup DSUB 15 connector cable has male pins and if you are not carefull
when you plug it into the EFIS you can blow the TCW fuse.
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Synthetic Vision
Synthetic Vision (SVN) displays a forward looking perspective of the terrain ahead. This includes mountains,
rivers/waterways, obstacles, and runways. The Synthetic Vision database requires current Map Data, found on
the AFS website. The Synthetic vision database is stored on the USB stick in the HRTERRAIN folder.
Note: Having synthetic vision changes the way the attitude indicator behaves; users will want to spend time flying with
SVN in visual conditions before attempting to fly in IMC.
The biggest change new SVN users will notice is the lack of a definite horizon like a standard attitude
indicator. Attitude indicators traditionally represent level flight when the miniature airplane is on the intersection
of the blue and brown shading. Since in real life the aircraft is not level with the horizon in level flight, a
synthetic zero pitch line must be displayed over the primary flight display. This zero-pitch line is shown as at
thin white line extending from the left side of the PFD page all the way to the far-right side of the PFD page.
Zero Pitch Line
SVN will show a maximum possible distance of 50nm when at
1,800AGL and above.
SVN will show the runway with runway markings
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Synthetic Vision Settings
Enable/Disable - [SET] -> [EFIS] -> [SVN] (green is on, dark blue is off)
Instrument Calibration: Synthetic Vision
1. Synthetic Vision ON/OFF - Enables/Disables SVN (if the software key is installed)
2. Altitude Source - (AUTO, GPS ONLY, BARO ONLY) - Selects the altitude source for SVN.
Default is AUTO.
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS)
TAWS is a system designed to keep the pilot
alert of altitudes that could result in Controlled
Flight into Terrain (CFIT). Terrain is shaded in
yellow or red based on the altitude of the
aircraft and the altitude of the terrain below.
When the distance between the aircraft and
terrain below becomes close enough to present
a conflict, the terrain is colored yellow or red.
When enabled, TAWS arms automatically when
airspeed is above the TAWS airspeed shutoff
setting.
This is to prevent false warnings in the traffic
pattern.
TAWS Terrain Colors:
RED - Aircraft is within 100ft AGL of the terrain
YELLOW - Aircraft is between 1,000ft AGL and 100ft AGL of the terrain.
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SVN TAWS Settings
1. Synthetic Vision (ON/OFF)
Turns OFF the Synthetic Vision feature.
2. Altitude Source
Source for SVN (should be auto)
3. Terrain Warnings ON/OFF
Enables/Disables terrain shading based on altitude
4. TAWS Airspeed Shutoff (KTS)
Airspeed that the terrain warning colors turn OFF
5. TAWS Yellow Offset (FT)
Altitude that the terrain turns yellow (normally set to 1000ft)
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Obstacle Display
SVN shares the same obstacle
database as the top-down map page.
Obstacles are shown at their proper
height above ground and at their
bases are drawn at half of their height.
There are several exclusions users
will want to be aware of:
- Obstacles beyond 18nm are not shown
- Obstacles less than 1000ft AGL are not shown beyond 6nm
- Obstacles more than 2,000ft AGL below the aircraft are not shown
RED: Aircraft is within 100ft AGL of top of tower
YELLOW: Aircraft is within 600ft AGL of top of tower
GRAY: Aircraft is within 2000ft AGL of top of tower.
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Traffic Display
When a device capable of receiving traffic information is installed and configured, traffic can be
displayed within the Synthetic Vision display to improve situational awareness.
Traffic 7 NM and
Climbing
Traffic 6 NM
Traffic more than 9 NM
•
Traffic information is informational only, and does not relieve you-in-command of his or her
responsibility to see and avoid traffic.
•
Traffic is displayed as reported by the device sending it to AF-5000. The precision and accuracy of the location
of traffic targets may vary from device to device, and this may impact how accurately the position is
represented on the AF-5000 display. For example: TIS traffic updates, such as those received by the SV-XPNDR261/262, may be anywhere from 2-12 seconds old due to radar latency and other technical factors. Be sure to
understand the traffic-detection capabilities of your traffic device thoroughly so you understand how to best
interpret the position of the traffic displayed on the EFIS.
Traffic targets are displayed using the same symbols that are used on the Map Page display of traffic. See the
Traffic section in the MAP and VFR GPS Navigator Operation section for complete descriptions of the types of
targets that may be shown. Unlike the Map Page display, however, relative altitude is not provided numerically
on Synthetic Vision. Instead, relative altitude is depicted by having the traffic symbols appear either above or
below the zero-pitch line, just like they would be if you were looking at traffic out the window. For example, in
the figure above, a non-threat airborne traffic target is being displayed above the aircraft’s current altitude.
Similarly, traffic targets that are shown to the left or right of the center of the attitude indicator are not directly
ahead of you.
Note that traffic is not visually scaled for distance. In other words, targets always appear the same size on the
Synthetic Vision depiction, no matter how far away they are. However, yellow Traffic Advisory Targets (threats)
are displayed larger than the diamond shaped Proximity Advisory Targets and Non-Threat Targets to
accentuate their increased importance.
•
Note that Traffic Advisory targets behind your aircraft will generate alerts. They can be seen on the
Map Page, but will not be visible on the Synthetic Vision display as Synthetic Vision only shows the
view in front of the aircraft.
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Highway in the Sky (HITS)
Any EFIS system with Synthetic Vision is capable of displaying Highway in the Sky (HITS). HITS is the artificial
generation of boxes that direct the pilot towards a programmed navigation course set by the GPS. HITS is
depicted as magenta boxes in the synthetic vision. Waypoint names will also be displayed in the HITS box,
giving the pilot further information about their location on the flight plan.
Laterally, the HITS boxes will follow the GPS course programmed by the external GPS navigator or by the
internal flight plan. Vertically, HITS boxes are controlled by the altitude bug. If the altitude bug is reset to a
higher or lower altitude, ALL of the HITS boxes will move up or down to the altitude. A climbing or descending
path will not be displayed.
Enabling/Disabling HITS
Press [EFIS] -> [HITS ON/OFF]
Flying with HITS
Flying with HITS involves positioning the aircraft
so the flight path marker (green target) is in the
center of the HITS boxes. This will ensure the
aircraft actually flies through the center of the
boxes. The HITS boxes themselves are 700ft wide
by 200ft tall, so there is a very narrow margin to fly
through.
Glidepath - HITS will display a glidepath to a chosen runway when setup to do so. To use this feature, go to
the Flight Plan page [FPL] and enter a flight plan. Select a runway at the destination, select the glide-angle,
enter a crossing restriction and press ACTIVATE. HITS boxes will then be drawn at the prescribed angle up
from the runway selected to the altitude entered.
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Options Menu
You select the EFIS OPTIONS menu by touching the center of the PFD page.
The Options menu provides a quick way to
get to frequently used items.
ADAHRS Selection
Selects the current ADAHRS to use. In AUTO
mode the system will switch ADAHRS units if
one fails.
TIMER
Reset, start and stop the EFIS timer displayed
in the upper left hand corner.
MIN ALT
Sets the Minimums altitude bug
GMETER RESET
Resets the G-Meter Maximum + and –
pointers to 1 G
CRS SELECT
Selects the current CDI needle source
BRG SELECT
Selects the current BRG needle source.
Inset Windows
Let’s you display a small inset window on the left and right of the EFIS screen. The available inset windows
are:
MAP
PROFILE
TRFC
FLTPLN
G METER
You can display an inset window on the full page map screen by first selecting the inset window on a PFD
screen and then switching to a full screen map.
The inset windows will be displayed over part of the Engine Monitor window. You can remove the inset
window by selecting NONE or using the touch screen to swipe them off of the window (Left or Right)
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Display Configuration Menu
You select the display setup menu by pressing the [DISP] button from the EFIS main menu or by pressing the
back-arrow icon. The Display Menu controls how the screen is split between EFIS, Engine and Mapping.
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Bearing
Needle Info
EFIS Navigation (HSI)
Course
Needle Info
Waypoint
Info
To/From
Waypoint
Identifier
CDI Needle
The EFIS can display an HSI when connected to a Nav radio, GPS, or GPS Navigator. The system has two main
navigation needles; Course and Bearing. The navigation source can be individually selected for each. If an separate
Nav Radio is connected, a second bearing needle can be displayed when the standby Nav frequency is enabled. A
MAGENTA needle is always GPS and a GREEN needle is always VOR/LOC.
The source label will indicate the radio type:
Label
Radio Type
GPSNAV1/GPSNAV2
GPS/NAV (IFD540, IFD440, GTN-650/750)
NAV1, NAV2
GNC-255, SL-30 NAV/COM
GPS1, GPS2
GPS Receiver (RS-232 Connected GPS, AF-GPS)
The following radios are supported:
RADIO
INTERFACE
Garmin 430W/530W/650/750
RS-232
ARINC 429
Avidyne IDF540/440
SUPPORTED DATA
GPS CDI
GPS CDI, LPV, LNAV, LNAV/VNAV, VOR, ILS
Garmin SL-30/GNC255
RS-232
VOR, ILS
Garmin x95/x96 Series
RS-232
GPS CDI
GPS Radio with NMEA-0183
RS-232
GPS CDI
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CDI/BRG Source Selection
The CDI or BRG source is selected by
touching the label
Or pressing the CDI button
You can switch between the CDI and BRG Tab by touching the Tab or using the Joystick (LEFT <>
RIGHT)
SOURCE
Selects the needle source
GNAV1
GPS2
INTFP
GPS Navigator
Backup GPS
Internal Flight Plan
MODE
The normal setting should be AUTO and let
the IFD or GTN select the CDI source. This
will enable the CDI to auto switch from a
GPS flight plan to an ILS approach.
OFF
GPS
NAV
AUTO
Turns off the CDI
GPS side of the Navigator
NAV side of the Navigator
Needle will follow the VLOC on the Navigator
The BRG Needle always points to the
Station or Waypoint
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GPS Navigation Display
CRS (Course)
Flight Phase
LNAV:
L/VNAV:
LNAV+V:
LP:
LPV:
APR:
TRM:
ENR:
Vertical Deviation/Glide Path
Indicator
Full Scale CDI
TO/FROM
CDI Needle
Vertical Deviation/Glide Path Indicator
The Glide Path Indicator (GPI) can be displayed from a WAAS GPS and is analogous to the glideslope for GPS
approaches supporting WAAS vertical guidance (LNAV+V,L/VNV, LPV)
NOTE: Requires an IFD440, IFD540, GTN-650/750, GNS-430W/530W, along with an ARINC adaptor module.
CRS (Course)
The Magenta GPS course indicator points to the current course selected on the GPS.
CDI (Course Deviation Indicator)
The GPS CDI scale should be automatically set by the remote WAAS radio using the ARINC data line:
TRK (Track)
The current GPS track over the ground is displayed on the HSI by a Magenta triangle. If there is a crosswind it will be
different than indicated magnetic heading.
BTW (Bearing to Active)
BTW displays the direct bearing to the active GPS waypoint and will be displayed on the HSI as a yellow line with two
arrows. When flying directly to the waypoint on the GPS Course, the BTW needle will be under the Magenta needle.
DTW (Distance to Waypoint)
DTW displays the nautical miles to the current GPS waypoint.
WPID (Waypoint Identifier)
WPID displays the current waypoint ID from the GPS.
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VOR Navigation Display
OBS Setting
VOR Frequency
To/From Indicator
CDI
The Green course indicator points to the current course selected using the OBS setting. The OBS setting can be set
using the right upper knob on when [CRS] is active (press the button below the top knob if CRS is not active). The
current OBS setting is displayed in the upper CRS/BRG information boxes. If the NAV radio is tuned to a VOR, the tip
of the needle (arrow) indicates the selected radial (tail of the needle indicates the radial the aircraft is on - assuming a
TO indication). The SL-30 OBS setting can be set using the OBS button on the radio. The radio identifier will also be
decoded and displayed only if an SL-30 radio is used.
CDI
Each dot in the course deviation indicator indicates 2 degrees of deviation from the course radial.
VOR
If the radio is tuned to a standard VOR frequency and is giving a valid TO / FROM indication the display will show
VOR in green letters. If the radio does not have a valid indication the display will show VOR and it should not be
used for navigation.
BTA
The BTA (Bearing To Active) displays the direct bearing to the active VOR station and will be displayed on the HSI as
a yellow bearing needle. If the aircraft is flying directly to the VOR on the Course OBS setting, the bearing needle will
be under the Green course needle.
BTS
The BTS (Bearing To Standby) displays the direct bearing to the Standby VOR station if M (monitor) is selected on
the GNC255 or SL-30. The BTS (bearing to standby) will be displayed on the HSI as an orange line with a circle.
IDNT
IDNT displays the current NAV frequency identifier decoded from the SL-30.
TO/FROM
The To/From radio flag will be displayed by a green triangle on the course needle.
TO
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ILS Navigation Display
AP/FD Mode
APP CRS (OBS)
Lateral
Vertical
ILS Frequency
Localizer CDI
Glide Slope VDI
OBS
Always set the ILS inbound Approach Course (APP CRS) using the CRS knob selection.
LOC
If the radio is tuned to a standard ILS frequency and is giving a valid indication, the display will show LOC in green
letters. If the radio does not have a valid localizer indication, the display will show LOC and it should not be used for
navigation.
GS
If the NAV radio has a valid glideslope indication, the display will show GS in green letters. If the radio does not have
a valid glideslope, it will display GS in red and it should not be used for navigation.
BC
If the NAV radio is tuned to a localizer and is in Back-Course mode, BC will be displayed in green.
NOTE on Back-Course: If flying a back-course with an HSI and the GNC-255/SL-30 is NOT in back-course mode,
set the course selector “OBS” to the front course heading so no reversal will be needed. If the GNC-255 is in backcourse mode, the course selector should be set to the heading of the back-course runway or the CDI needle will be
reversed.
When the EFIS has detected that the GPS Navigator has switched modes from GPS to NAV
ILS the EFIS will pop up a screen asking you to select the Inbound Approach Course. When
the GPS Navigator switches from GPS to NAV the CDI needle will change from Magenta to
Green.
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Autopilot Control / Flight Director
Current AP Mode
Lateral Vertical
AP Status
AP Engaged
Engage/Disengage AP Button
Flight Director On/Off Button
The Integrated Advanced-SV Autopilot utilizes the SV-Network servos and is commanded by, and
controlled through the EFIS Display. The optional Autopilot Interface Panel adds autopilot auto trim, and
dedicated physical control buttons.
For a third-party autopilot to follow the EFIS commands it must be capable of receiving GPSS and GPSV
ARINC steering commands. The optional AF-ARINC module connected to the EFIS and properly
configured is also REQUIRED for third party autopilot interface. Trutrak (AF-Pilot, Digiflight II, Sorcerer,
Vision, Gemini AP) or Trio Pro Pilot.
The autopilot and flight director are very closely connected and are controlled from the same source. The
aircraft should closely follow the flight director when the autopilot is receiving commands from the EFIS
Autopilot Operation
The autopilot can be turned ON and OFF by:
• Pressing [ AP ] on the touch screen
• Pressing [ AP ] on the remote AP Panel module
• Pressing the [ ENGAGE ] bezel button
• Pressing a remote button wired to the CWS input (usually on the control stick or panel)
When the autopilot servos engage the aircraft will immediately follow the currently selected Lateral and
Vertical mode.
Lateral AP Modes:
TRK Mode
In Track mode the autopilot will make the aircraft’s
GPS ground track follow the Teal colored heading
bug on the HSI. The advantage of Track mode is it
compensates for any wind or magnetic heading
disturbances. When you select Track mode the HSI
heading bug color will change to Teal.
GPS ground Track (Magenta Triangle)
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HDG Mode
In Heading mode the autopilot will make the aircraft’s
magnetic heading follow the Yellow colored heading
bug on the HSI. When you select Heading mode the
HSI heading bug color will change to Yellow.
Magnetic Heading
ARM Mode
In ARM mode the autopilot will follow the heading bug on the
HSI until the CDI needle is less than 80% deflection and the
heading is within +/- 30 deg of the CDI Needle. The Touch
screen NAV button will be yellow indicating it is in ARM mode.
As soon as the Heading is within 30 deg of the coarse and the
CDI needle is within 80% it will switch to NAV mode.
NAV Mode
In NAV mode the autopilot will follow the GPS flight plan
and should keep the CDI needle centered.
Vertical AP Modes:
ALT - VS Mode
In ALT - Vertical speed mode the autopilot will make the
aircrafts altitude follow the Teal colored altitude bug.
When you change the altitude bug the autopilot will climb
or descend following the Vertical Speed Bug.
You can change the Vertical Speed Bug using the center
EFIS knob when set to VSPD.
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ALT - IAS Mode
In ALT – Indicated airspeed mode the autopilot will make
the aircrafts altitude follow the Teal colored altitude bug.
When you change the altitude bug the autopilot will climb
or descend following the Yellow Airspeed Bug.
You can change the Airspeed Bug using the SET > IAS
center EFIS knob. IAS mode only works with the Dynon
AP servos.
IAS Descending Considerations
If you are trying to descend and the aircraft is already at
the airspeed bug you will need to reduce power or increase the airspeed bug to get the
autopilot to change altitude.
IAS Climbing Considerations
If you are trying to climb and the aircraft is already at the airspeed bug you will need to
increase power or lower the airspeed bug to get the autopilot to change altitude.
VNAV ARM Mode
In VNAV ARM Mode the autopilot will continue to follow
the altitude bug until the Vertical Deviation Indicator
needle (LPV or ILS glide slope) appears. Once the VDI
needle starts to center the autopilot will switch to NAV
mode. If you are using a TruTrack autopilot you must
always intercept the glide slope from below.
VNAV Mode
In VNAV Mode the autopilot will follow the Vertical
Deviation Indicator needle (LPV or ILS glide slope).
The autopilot will not follow the glide slope below the
Minimums Bug setting.
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VFPL Mode
In Flight Plan mode the autopilot will follow the
waypoint altitudes set in the Flight Plan Menu.
If the waypoint does not have an altitude set it will
continue to follow the Altitude Bug.
The autopilot will not descend below the
Altitude Bug, the EFIS will prompt you if you
need to lower the Altitude Bug setting.
UP – DN Buttons
VS Mode
In VS mode the UP and DN buttons move the Vertical Speed Bugs
IAS Mode
In IAS mode the UP and DN buttons move the Airspeed Bug.
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Dynon SV-Autopilot Gain Settings
The Dynon SV-Autopilot settings can be adjusted from the SET > CAL > Autopilot menu when not flying
or you can adjust them from the SET > AP/FD screen menu.
SET > CAL > AUTOPILOT
SET > AP/FD Menu
Roll AXIS Overview
This procedure tunes the roll autopilot servo and thus, the flight characteristics of the aircraft in heading
holds and turns. This procedure should be performed with the autopilot roll axis in track (TRK+ALT)
mode, where the purpose of the autopilot is to keep the aircraft’s GPS ground track aligned with the track
bug (as well as hold altitude).
The Roll Axis tuning process can be summarized as follows:
Change TRK command by approximately 90 degrees, and observe the results. The AP should promptly
roll into a turn towards the new TRK and smoothly reach the commanded TRK with little or no overshoot.
Note: be sure to observe ground track (TRK) and not heading (HDG) during this procedure.
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If the AP is slow to respond to the TRK changes, increase the ROLL AXIS SENTIVITY and watch for
improvement. In some cases this may require a fair amount of increase, but be cautious about changing it
too quickly. Sensitivity adjustments alone may not completely eliminate overshoot. If increasing
sensitivity no longer improves performance, ROLL GAIN may be used to fine tune the roll axis. Too much
sensitivity may cause AP responses to be “twitchy”. Reduce ROLL SENSITIVITY if this occurs. Too
much ROLL GAIN will result in a rough ride.
In particular, if the autopilot cannot keep up with the flight director roll command bar, ROLL SENSITIVITY
should be increased. At some point the AP will track the command bars, but follow behind them. ROLL
GAIN will reduce the gap.
Caution: Large changes in ROLL SENSITIVITY with the autopilot engaged can result in large servo
movements
Roll Axis – TRK and Turns Procedure
BANK ANGLE LIMIT
After Roll Axis tuning is complete, BANK ANGLE LIMIT should be set to a value that results in a bank
angle in AP that is comfortable for your plane and your preferences. A place to start is to set BANK
ANGLE LIMIT to a value that yields a standard rate turn at typical cruise speed.
The default BANK ANGLE LIMIT is 30°.
The SV AP will always obey BANK ANGLE LIMIT. However, if BANK ANGLE LIMIT is set too low (such
as 5°), the SV AP will be unable to turn.
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Pitch AXIS Overview
The goal of tuning IAS Hold is to give the AP the best possible pitch axis performance. Crisp speed
control is a prerequisite for good altitude and glideslope control.
The procedure which follows can be used both for initial tuning and for troubleshooting problems which
may arise in your system. Like any checklist or procedure, be sure to follow each step.
•
The ALT bug should be set to an altitude many thousands of feet above or below the
intended flight testing altitude. This is to keep the autopilot in IAS Hold mode throughout
the procedure, and prevent the autopilot from capturing the target altitude.
The Pitch Axis IAS Hold tuning process can be summarized as follows:
Increase or decrease airspeed command by 10 knots, and observe the results. The AP should promptly
change pitch to change speed, and smoothly reach the commanded speed with little or no overshoot
(above the target if increasing; below the target if decreasing).
If the AP is slow to respond to the airspeed changes, increase the PITCH SENSITIVITY and watch for
improvement. In some cases this may require a fair amount of increase, but be cautious about changing
too quickly. Sensitivity adjustments alone may not completely eliminate overshoot. If increasing sensitivity
no longer improves performance, PITCH GAIN may be used to fine tune IAS Hold. Too much sensitivity
may cause AP responses to be "twitchy". Reduce PITCH SENSITIVITY if this occurs. Too much PITCH
GAIN will result in a rough ride.
In particular, if the autopilot cannot keep up with the flight director pitch command bar, PITCH
SENSITIVITY should be increased. At some point the AP will track the command bars, but follow behind
them. PITCH GAIN will reduce the gap.
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Flowchart
Pitch Axis – IAS Hold Procedure
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Pitch AXIS Hold and Capture
Overview
Both holding and capturing altitude are related but distinct parts of the autopilot. The Altitude Hold
Procedure which follows will address common problems, and once those are resolved, direct you to the
Altitude Capture Procedure, which will tune your system to capture and hold vertical speed and capture
altitude targets without overshoot.
Flowchart
Altitude Hold Procedure
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Altitude Capture Procedure (Part 1 of 2)
Part 2 of 2
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Turbulance Tuning Procedure
Overview
Once you have configured your autopilot to capture and hold airspeeds and altitudes, you may wish to
adjust the ride quality in turbulence, particularly on the glideslope.
In general, the autopilot will attempt to maintain a constant G-loading through bumps by pulling or
pushing G to oppose G generated by "air pockets". The amount of G the autopilot will apply is limited by
G ERROR LIMIT. If, for example, you encounter a 0.5 G updraft, and G ERROR LIMIT is set to 0.25, the
most the AP can do to attenuate the bump is reduce it by 0.25 G.
The amount the autopilot will apply up to that limit is determined by G ERROR GAIN. If this is set to 1, for
every 1/10 G the airplane is bumped, the AP will apply 1/10 of a G. Increasing G ERROR GAIN will make
response more rapid, but also more abrupt, so use this setting with care.
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Autopilot Settings – Defaults
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EFIS Flight Director
The flight director is turned on and off using the FD button.
The wings that come up when the flight director is enabled will show the
aircraft positioning to follow. All the pilot has to do is keep the triangle in the
wings as they move to follow the commanded source. A change in heading or
track will command the wings to bank in the direction to acquire the new
heading or track. A command to climb or descend to a new altitude will cause
the wings to move up or down.
The Flight Director Wings are color coded based on the command source.
The wing bar color will show the horizontal steering source and the triangle tip
color shows the vertical steering source.
Gray
Red
No Source
Source Flagged
Yellow
Cyan
Magenta
Green
Teal
Heading / Altitude Bug
GPS Track Bug
GPS
VOR / ILS
LEVEL
Autopilot and Flight Director controlled by Heading and Altitude Bugs
Horizontal = GPS and Vertical = Altitude Bug
Autopilot and Flight Director controlled by CDI source = GPS
Autopilot and Flight Director controlled by CDI source = NAV (VOR or ILS)
Vertical = Minimums Bug
The Autopilot and Flight Director will level the aircraft at the Minimums Bug and not fly below it. 200 feet
above the Minimums Bug the FD tips will turn Orange and a MINIMUMS warning on the EFIS screen will
display.
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Trutrak Autopilots
The AF-Pilot, Sorcerer, Vision and Gemini have the following modes controlled from the buttons on the
face of the autopilot.
[AP] - Autopilot control mode. Pressing the AP button will cause the autopilot to turn on and follow the
current ground track and the current vertical speed of the aircraft. The EFIS settings and controls will not
have any effect on the autopilot. Once the autopilot is controlling the aircraft, pressing the knob button
will select the Track or Vertical Speed fields. Once the cursor is on the desired field the knob to adjust
either the desired track or the desired vertical speed. The Autopilot can be turned off at any time by
pressing the [AP] button or external push-button if have one is installed and connected to the control
wheel steering input line of the autopilot.
[EFIS] - EFIS control mode. Pressing the EFIS button will cause the autopilot to turn on and follow the
current AP/FD settings from the EFIS. The Autopilot can be turned off at any time by pressing the [AP]
button or external button if one is connected to the control wheel steering input line of the autopilot.
Trutrak AP Settings (settings in the Trutrak AP controller)
The following settings are a good starting point for the ADVANCED Pilot autopilot
Lat Activity
Lat Torque
Bank Angle
Microactivity
GPSS Gain
5
12
High
0
16
Vert Activity
Vert Torque
Static Lag
Microactivity
Half Step
4
12
2
0
N
EFIS AP Settings when using a Trutrak Autopilot
LATERAL EFIS Autopilot Control Settings
ROLL GAIN
.05
Range (.01 – 2.0)
The LAT Gain setting controls how fast the aircraft will respond to errors in track or heading. With
too low of a setting the aircraft will hunt slowly and appear slow to respond in roll. With too high of a
setting the aircraft will hunt rapidly, and appear jittery.
LOC GAIN
.50
Range (.1 – 3.0)
The Loc Gain setting controls how fast the aircraft will respond to errors in tracking the Localizer.
With too low of a setting the aircraft will hunt slowly and appear slow to respond in roll. With too
high of a setting the aircraft will hunt rapidly, and appear jittery.
VERTICAL EFIS Autopilot Control Settings
ALT GAIN
5.0
Range (.1 – 12.0)
Controls how fast the aircraft will respond to errors in altitude. With too low of a setting the aircraft
will hunt slowly and appear slow to respond in altitude. With too high of a setting the aircraft will
hunt rapidly, overshoot the altitude, and appear jittery.
GS GAIN
3.0
Range (.1 – 10.0)
The Glide Slope gain controls how fast the aircraft will respond to altitude errors on the ILS glide
slope. With too low of a setting the aircraft will hunt slowly and appear slow to respond in altitude.
With too high of a setting the aircraft will hunt rapidly, overshoot the altitude, and appear jittery.
FD GAIN
1.5
Range (.1 – 10.0)
The Flight Director gain controls how fast the Flight Director responds to errors in pitch.
MIN SPD
75
Range (Vs0 - Vne)
The minimum speed that the EFIS will try to command the Autopilot to fly.
MAX SPD
165
Range (Vs0 - Vne)
The maximum speed that the EFIS will try to command the Autopilot to fly.
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Changing Autopilot Mode using the Joystick
If you are using a Trutrak autopilot and you have the AP configured for Joystick controls in the CAL >
Autopilot menu, the joystick can also be used as a shortcut. LEFT and RIGHT cycle between Lateral
modes while UP and DOWN cycle through Vertical modes. Moving the joystick to the left for about 1.5
sec, for example, will prompt the user "AUTOPILOT MODE L:HDG?". Press the joystick in to Confirm.
AF-5000 Series Joystick
UP (V-ALT)
LEFT (L-HDG)
RIGHT (L-ARM)
DOWN (V-ARM)
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ABOUT Page
Pressing the ABOUT button from the Checklist page will bring up information about the system. You can
touch a tab to select it or use the joystick to move between tabs.
System – MAP – Weather – Transponder – GPS
SYS Information
Displays the system Serial Number, software version information, IP address
MAP Information
Mapping Information displays the version of mapping software, region, map effective and expiration
dates, and status of the map Vector and Terrain file.
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WX Information
The WX information page contains information and diagnostics for
any installed XM or ADS-B receiver.
XM Weather Information (USA and Canada)
ADSB Weather Information
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Transponder Information
The XPNDR information page contains information about the
Transponder
GPS Information
The GPS information page contains information about the
attached GPS units.
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Electronic Circuit Breaker Page
The Electronic Circuit Breaker menu gives you the ability to see the current state of each electronic circuit
breaker and reset any of the tripped breakers. You can also turn ON or OFF any of the outputs using the
screen buttons.
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Maintenance Page
You bring up the Maintenance Page by pressing the CHECK > MAINT button.
You can update the date of any of the maintenance items by selecting the item using the joystick and
then pressing the [UPDATE] button. To edit the maintenance items, you will need to do the following:
•
Transfer Maintenance file to the USB or SD card SET > CAL > Admin Settings > Transfer >
Maint > Save
•
Edit file with a PC text editor
•
Transfer Maintenance file from the USB or SD card SET > CAL > Admin Settings > Transfer >
Maint > Restore
Flight Times
Flight times are displayed on the top of the maintenance check list page. Press the [CHECK] -> [MAINT]
Tach Time:
Hours on engine above 1250 RPM.
Hobbs Time:
Hours on engine above 0 RPM.
Last Flight:
Hobbs time for the last flight.
Today:
Hobbs time since 12:00 AM today.
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Radio / Transponder / Audio Panel Controls
The Radio and Transponder controls are selected by pressing the [SET] button in the upper right hand
corner of the screen.
Press XPDR for the Transponder controls
Press COM for the Comm radio controls
Transponder Code
Standby Radio Frequency
Transponder Mode
Active Radio Frequen
You can remotely tune the Comm Radio or Transponder from any EFIS screen in the aircraft. If the
Radio or Transponder box is not displayed you need to verify that an EFIS serial port is configured and all
screens in the aircraft are configured for the Transponder and Communications Radio type.
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Com Radio Control
The Com radio remote interface supports the Dynon Com Radio, IFD540, GNC255, SL30, SL40. The
radio page has three tabs (RCNT, COM, FREQ) You move between the tabs using the joystick or
touching the tab.
COM Tab
GND
Selects the Ground Freq
TWR
Selects the Tower Freq
VOL
Adjust Volume (if supported)
XFR
Transfer Primary and Standby Frequencies
Keyboard
Type frequency number using the keyboard or screen buttons.
After selecting the new frequency press ENTER to transfer the frequency to Standby or XFR to transfer
the new frequency to the Active frequency (the current active frequency will be moved to Standby).
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FREQ Tab
RCNT Tab
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Using the TWR, ATIS, GND, and ATC Buttons
When an airport is loaded on the radio, press the TWR, ATIS, GND, and ATC buttons to send
frequencies associated with that airport to the standby frequency. Repeated presses of these
buttons will cycle through all available frequencies of that type (for example busy airports may have
multiple tower frequencies):
TWR: Tunes tower, Unicom, and Multicom frequencies.
ATIS: Tunes ATIS and other weather/information frequencies, including AWOS, ASOS, AWIB, and
AWIS frequencies.
GND: Tunes ground control frequencies. Com Radio Operation
9-12 SkyView HDX Pilot’s User Guide – Revision A
ATC: When on the ground: Tunes pre-taxi, clearance, and departure frequencies associated with an
airport. When in the air: Tunes departure, center, and approach frequencies when associated with
an airport.
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Transponder Control
Access the Remote Transponder interface through [SET]  [XPDR] or by touching the
transponder status readout in the top left corner of the screen.
The remote transponder has the following controls.
AUTO Turns transponder mode to Automatic
ON
Turns Transponder ON with no Altitude reporting
STBY Sets Transponder to Standby Mode
ALT
Turns transponder ON in Altitude reporting mode
IDNT
Select Transponder IDENT mode
Keyboard
Type Transponder code using the keyboard.
Press the VFR button to set the code to the configured VFR code.
(1200 for US based aircraft)
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Remote Audio Panel Control
Audio Panel Interface The AF-5000 has the ability to remotely control a PS Engineering remote audio
panel (PDA360EX-R or PAC15) through the touch screen, and/or hardware buttons.
To bring up the Audio Panel Control page:
•
Select buttons [CHECK]  [AUDIO]
•
Or Tap the Audio Panel Status box on the
touch screen
Selecting Active Radios
On screen touch or hardware buttons can be used to select one of the
communication transceivers for the pilot and copilot position, and
allows radio transmission. In "Split Mode" the PDA360EX/R has the
ability to allow the pilot to transmit on Com 1 while the copilot can
transmit on Com 2. A fail-safe mode connects the pilot headphone and
microphone to COM 1 if power is removed for any reason. Unswitched
input #1 (EFIS Audio) is also provided to the pilot headphone (left side
headset ear cup) in fail-safe. A four-station voice activated (VOX)
intercom is included in the PDA360EX/R.
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Selecting Nav Radios
On screen touch or hardware buttons can be used to select one of the NAV Radios. When the
system is monitoring a NAV radio a green bar will be displayed on the NAV radio button.
USB Charging Jack
The front panel USB-type connector is available for charging devices, such as iPad or cell phones. Up to 10 Watts
are available. This connector does NOT provide any data interface.
IntelliVox® Intercom VOX-Squelch
This system has PS Engineering’s patented IntelliVox® circuitry that eliminates manual adjustments. The intercom
system incorporates pilot isolate, all and crew modes, two independent stereo music inputs with "SoftMute™".
Intercom. Intercom Volume control is through the top EFIS panel knob [ICOM]. Intercom squelch is automatic.
No adjustment of the IntelliVox® squelch control is necessary. Through three individual signal processors,
the ambient noise appearing in all four microphones is constantly being sampled. Non-voice signals are
blocked. When someone speaks, only their microphone circuit opens, placing their voice on the intercom.
The system is designed to block continuous tones; therefore people humming or whistling in monotone
may be blocked after a few moments. For consistent performance, any headset microphone must be placed within
¼-inch of your lips, preferably against them.
Intercom Modes
The “ICS” touch buttons on the panel provides the selection of the three intercom modes. The description of the
intercom mode function is valid only when the unit is not in the "Split" mode. Then, the pilot and copilot intercom is
controlled by the ICS button selecting CRW.
This button cycles through the intercom modes ISO, ALL, CREW. A green indicator shows which mode is currently
active.
ISO: The pilot is isolated from the intercom and is connected only to the aircraft radio system.
He will hear
the aircraft radio reception (and sidetone during radio transmissions). Copilot will hear
passengers’ intercom
and Music, while passengers will hear copilot intercom and Music. Neither will hear aircraft
radio
receptions or pilot transmissions. The pilot can hear music if desired.
ALL: All parties will hear the aircraft radio and intercom. Crew and passengers will hear
selected Music.
During any radio or intercom communications, the music volume automatically decreases. The
music volume
increases gradually back to the original level after communications have been completed.
CREW: Pilot and copilot are connected on one intercom channel and have exclusive access to the aircraft
radios. They may also listen to Music 1. Passengers can continue to communicate with themselves without
interrupting the Crew and may listen to Music as configured.
Music and Music Muting
The PDA360EX has two independent music inputs at the rear connector.
The PDA360EX also has the ability to receive streaming music from a
Bluetooth-enabled device. The Music 1, Music 2 and Bluetooth inputs
can be selectively delivered to the pilot, copilot and/or passengers using
the music distribution menu.
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Music Muting
The SoftMute™ circuit will mute the music whenever there is conversation on the radio, the
intercom, or both, depending on the “Mute” mode selected. When that conversation stops, the
music returns to the previous level comfortably, over a second or so. The mute mode functions
are controlled through Music Mute Menu which has three modes for each music input.
Select: Mute ALL, NONE (Karaoke) & RADIO Mute.
Music Volume
The volume of the music inputs can also be adjusted using the center EFIS ENT knob and on the music device.
Bluetooth® connection
In the PDA360EX/R, a Bluetooth® wireless interface is available for
wireless telephone and music connection. The audio panel is always
“discoverable,” so you just need to search for the PDA360EX from
your Bluetooth-equipped phone or music source. The default access code is 0000, if needed. Once the PDA360EX
has been “paired” with your Bluetooth device the device battery level will be displayed and the Bluetooth Icon will
be displayed
Pairing and unpairing Bluetooth devices
The PDA360EX can be paired with up to eight individual devices. When that number is exceeded, the
PDA360EX will randomly drop a device to allow the new device to be added.
Bluetooth® Telephone Mode
The PDA360EX serves as a full duplex interface for telephone systems such as portable cellular phones with
Bluetooth connectivity.
Warning:
United States FCC Regulations contained in 47 CFR § 22.925 currently contain prohibition on airborne
operation of cellular telephones. “Cellular telephones installed in or carried aboard airplanes, balloons or
any other type of aircraft must not be operated while such aircraft are airborne (not touching the ground).
When any aircraft leaves the ground, all cellular telephones on board that aircraft must be turned off.”
In ALL intercom mode, all crew and passengers will be heard on the phone when they speak. All will hear
selected audio. Com audio is automatically heard in the headsets.
In CREW mode, the pilot and copilot are connected to the telephone. The pilot and copilot will have
transmit capability on the other selected transceiver Com 1 or 2, simply by using their respective PTT
switch.
In ISO intercom mode, when the PDA360EX is in the TEL mode, the pilot position is in the "Phone
Booth." Only the pilot will hear the telephone, and only he will be heard. He will also have access to Com 1
or 2, and will transmit on that radio using the PTT. All selected audio is provided.
NOTE
Because the cell phone uses an intercom circuit, all stations on that circuit will lose intercom capability
when the cell phone is in use. Intercom conversations will still be present if the cell phone provides
sidetone, or if the audio panel is modified for telephone sidetone. PS Engineering does not guarantee compatibility
with personal cellular telephones.
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Internal Recorder and playback
The PDA360EX comes equipped with an internal recorder. This digital system stores the last incoming
audio from the radio you have selected for transmit. It can store as many of 8 incoming messages, and up to
45 seconds of audio. The pilot and copilot hear the playback. Recording is automatic. To play back the last recorded
message, press and hold the COM Receive pushbutton associated with the selected radio transmitter for about one
(1) second. You can either wait for the message to finish playing before accessing the prior message, or cancel the
current playback and step backward. To cancel the playback, press and hold the COM receive playback button for
two seconds (2). The next time the button is pressed for one (1) second, the next earlier message will be heard. The
playback will stop whenever there is more incoming selected com audio, and the message can be replayed
from the beginning by pressing the selected Com Receive button again for 1 second.
USB Charging Port (10)
The PDA360EX contains a USB charging port that is capable of providing 5 VDC, 1.5 amps of current to
charge the batteries in smart phones and tablets used as Personal Electronic Devices. This is NOT a data transfer
jack.
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Moving Map Display
Current Waypoint
GPS Track
METAR Symbol
Zoom Range
Class D Airspace
Major Road
Map GPS Source
Map Features
Currently the map will display the following features:
1. Public and Private airports
5. State Lines
2. Airspace
6. Rivers
3. Intersections, VOR’s
7. Major Roads
4. Obstructions
The MAP page can be displayed by swiping left on the PFD EFIS display or by double pressing the [MAP]
button.
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The moving map can be displayed as a partial screen along with the EFIS and/or Engine Monitor or as a
complete page. Users can also select the airspeed and altitude tapes to be displayed on the map from the
[SET]  [MAP] menu and selecting the [AIRDATA] buttons.
EFIS, MAP , ENGINE
Map Page with Air Data ON
Map Options
The Map settings page is displayed by
pressing: [SET]  [MAP]
The following Map features can be turned
ON or OFF
TERRAIN
Map Terrain
PRIVATE
Private Airports
INTSECT
Intersections
AIRDATA
Airspeed and Altitude Tape
Map Scale Option
KTS/NM
Knots
KPH/KM
Kilometers
MPH/SM
Statue Miles
ZM:CCW
Selects knob zoom direction
SPLT50
Selects split map mode 50% or 40% of screen.
The current map flight plan source is automatically set to the CDI source. You can select a different source
from the CDI by selecting:
[MAP]  [SOURCE][GNAV1/GNAV2/GPS1/GPS2/INTFP]
GNAV1/GNAV2
IFD440, IFD540, GTN650, GTN750
GPS1/GPS2
External GPS unit setup as GPS
INTFP
Flight Plan activated from the internal flight plan
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Zoom Range
The current zoom range is displayed by an arc on the top
of the map display with its current digital range. The zoom
range can be adjusted using the joystick anytime [RNGE]
is active. The map software will progressively declutter
airports, intersections and obstacles from the screen as the
range is increased.
A Touch Screen equipped display recognizes a pinching
motion to set the zoom range of the Moving Map.
Map Panning / Pointer
Map Panning allows you to search across the map display. This
can be accomplished through the joystick by dragging it in the
direction of travel anytime [RNGE] is active, a map pointer will be
displayed allowing you to make selections on the map. Pushing in
on the joystick will select an airport or airspace for more
information, pressing [ACTV] will activate the selection as the
new waypoint. The current distance, bearing, coordinates, and
elevation of the pointer is displayed in a Map Pointer information
box the top of the map display. Pressing the top right button
[CENT] will center the map back onto the aircraft.
A Touch tap on the aircraft marker, followed be a swiping motion to pan the Moving Map/Move the Map
Pointer. (Pressing the top right button [CENT] will center the map back onto the aircraft.)
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Remote EFIS Joystick Control
If the PFD screen does not have a map displayed you can use the joystick to control the remote EFIS screen
map. If the PFD does have a map displayed the joystick will control the local map.
You need to configure the MFD EFIS to allow joystick
control from the PFD display: SET > CAL > ADMIN
Settings > Map Zoom From PFD
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Nearest Airport
Pressing the [NRST] button from the main menu will bring up a sorted list of the nearest 16 airports
displayed on the screen at the current zoom level. To display the actual closest airports, zoom in before
pressing the [NRST] button. The joystick is used to select the desired airport. Pressing the [INFO] button
will display the information for the highlighted airport.
CAUTION To see the actual closest airports, zoom in before pressing the [NRST] button.
Direct To Navigation
Pressing the [-D->] button will allow you to input the desired airport or waypoint to navigate to. To adjust or
set a new waypoint, drag the joystick down to the Identifier field. A keyboard will appear across the bottom
row of buttons, or the rotary joystick can be used to input the identifier.
Identifier
Field
Drag the joystick
down to select
identifier field
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EMERGENCY Airport Button
After pressing the [NRST] button it changes to the EMERGENCY button (i.e. Double Tap [NRST]).
Pressing this button will bring up a list off all airports that are within engine out gliding range. You need to
configure the following items in calibration for your specific aircraft:
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Airport Info
Pressing the [-D->] button from the menu will bring up multiple pages of airport info, including runways,
frequencies and airport information. The pages are selected by dragging the joystick in the direction of the
desired page.
Airspace
Airspace is displayed on the moving map. Airspace Information, including the vertical boundaries, is
selectable through the Map Pointer.
North Up/Track Up Mode
The map can be configured for North Up or Track Up mode by pressing [MAP] -> [TRK UP] or [NTH UP]
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Selecting Charts
Switching between MAP, Sectional, IFR Low, IFR High, Airport diagrams, and Approach Plates can be done
through a simple selection of the [MAP] Button, which will then bring up the menu to select the desired
database/chart.
Selection through the Touch Screen is done by tapping the screen in any open area, then pressing the
desired map ICON.
You can also zoom the map from the map screen + and - ICON’s
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VFR Sectional
Full Screen Mode
Split Screen Mode
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IFR Low Altitude Chart
Airport Diagrams
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IFR Approach Plates
The EFIS can display an IFR approach plate if you have the optional Seattle Avionics Chart data. The
Seattle Avionics data is stored on the system USB memory stick plugged into the back of the unit.
The approach plates are geo-referenced and will
display current aircraft position (if on the approach
plate area). If a traffic receiver is installed, traffic
should be displayed on the approach plate. If the
selected chart has the geo-referenced data, it will
show a green and yellow dot at the geo-reference
points.
WARNING: It is the user’s responsibility to verify
that the approach plates in the EFIS
are current and up to date before
using.
Split Screen Approach Plate
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Map Weather Data Display
You can display weather data on the map and sectional from our XM Weather receiver or ADS-B receiver.
The EFIS can also display ADS-B weather from a portable Wi-Fi enabled weather receiver that transmits
using standard GDL90 data.
CAUTION: NEXRAD weather data should only be used for long-range planning purposes.
Inherent delays and relative age of the WX data can be experienced. NEXRAD weather
cannot be used for short-term weather avoidance.
NEXRAD
High resolution radar image of radar reflectivity and lighting strikes.
Reflectivity is the amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. The NEXRAD colors directly
correlate to the level of detected reflectivity from the radar.
To enable/disable NEXRAD press [MAP] -> [WX] -> [NXRD ON/OFF]
NEXRAD DATA AGE
The current age of the NEXRAD data is shown in the upper left corner of the map. In the screenshot above,
the NEXRAD data is 5 minutes old.
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NEXRAD LIMITATIONS
• NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud layers or precipitation
characteristics. There is no distinguishing factors between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
• NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An individual NEXRAD
site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges. It has no information about storms directly over the
radar site.
• When zoomed in a square block on the display represents an area of 2 ½ miles. The intensity level
reflected by each square represents the highest level of NEXRAD data sampled within the area.
METARS
Airports with METAR data are displayed with a
colored flag next to the airport symbol on the map.
If an airport has METAR data a weather page will
be added to the airport info
TAF
Airports with TAF's will have a special "T" symbol next to the airport on the map page. In additional, there will
be a TAF button on the airports info page. TAF's are given in their original coding.
TFR’s
Active TFR’s are drawn in RED and future TFR’s are YELLOW. The unit will remember the last TFR's
displayed upon shut-down so those that remain active are displayed at the next power-up (before WX comes
online). This is done by saving all TFR's into memory. If a TFR becomes inactive before the next powercycle, that TFR will not be displayed. Similarly, if a future TFR becomes active before the next power-cycle,
that TFR will be displayed. Due to limitations in the way that the FAA currently transmits TFR information
many TFRs, including but not limited to such as VIP movement / Security / Hazard / Presidential movement,
cannot be depicted. Therefore, pilots should not rely on the EFIS TFR depiction as an authoritative source of
TFRs. Make sure to use official briefing data sources for complete TFR information.
Lightning (XM Only)
Lightning is displayed as lightning bolts as part of the NEXRAD weather
display.
To enable/disable Lightning press [MAP] -> [WX] -> [LTNG ON/OFF]
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Winds Aloft
Winds aloft are displayed over the map page using standard NOAA barbed symbols. To change the altitude,
press [MAP] -> [WX] and use the joystick to select Flight Level. Altitudes are given in Flight Levels
(i.e. FL120 is 12,000ft)
To enable/disable Winds Aloft press [MAP] -> [WX] -> [WINDS ON/OFF]
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XM Data Service
Once subscribed to an XM service plan, an activation signal will need to be sent while the EFIS and XM
module are powered on (usually for about 15 minutes). The AF-5000 will display the following items from the
“Aviator” XM WX Data Packages: NEXRAD, TFR's, METAR's, TAF's, Winds and Lighting.
XM Weather Diagnostics
The EFIS > ABOUT >WX page displays pertinent information about the status of the XM Weather receiver.
The page can be displayed by pressing the CHECK -> ABOUT and Selecting the WX Tab.
The age of the displayed XM data
Mode: Screen (MASTER or SLAVE).
Receiver/Radio ID Number
Required when calling XM Activation
1-800-985-9200
Antenna: Indicates whether or not an XM antenna is connected
Signal Strength
Indicates the current strength of the XM satellite signal
(NONE, POOR, AVERAGE, GOOD)
Note: Weather Status will not be shown if WX is set as OFFLINE in
Instrument Calibration.
XM Radio
If have an XM Radio subscription you can select the radio channel from the
CHECK > RADIO button. You use the joystick to move between channels
and press in to select. The center knob adjusts the XM radio volume, you
might also need to adjust the music input volume on your audio panel.
Current Volume and Channel
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ADS-B Data Service
When connected to an SV-ADSB module, The EFIS can display NEXRAD weather and Temporary flight
Restriction (TFR) information visually on the map or sectional page. Additionally, textual METAR and TAF
weather reports are available for airports that report such information. The SV-ADSB receives traffic and
weather via the 978 MHz UAT ADS-B frequencies, which are only utilized by the FAA’s ADS-B system.
Therefore, traffic and weather are only available in the US (and other places the FAA may have ADS-B
ground stations, including Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands). The SV-ADSB will not work
outside these areas.
Weather information is transmitted continuously over a data link from the ground, but reception of weather
data is dependent on ADS-B ground station proximity/coverage, signal strength, and other environmental
conditions. Therefore, ADS-B weather reception may not be continuous.
Due to latencies that accumulate while NEXRAD weather images are created, and the way that the FISB/NEXRAD services timestamp weather data, NEXRAD images are actually ALWAYS older than the age
indicated on the display. In extreme cases, this can mean that the images you see on the map may be 15-20
minutes older than the age indicated. See http://www.ntsb.gov/doclib/safetyalerts/SA_017.pdf for further
information about this phenomenon.
Never rely on NEXRAD imagery to try to “squeeze” through a weather system. Often, deadly turbulence and
wind shear are present, even in places in storm systems where there is no precipitation indicated.
The Weather and TFR information that the EFIS provides is supplemental information only. It should not be
used as your primary means of weather information. Only official FAA briefing information sources should be
used to make critical aeronautical weather decisions.
ADS-B NEXRAD Legend
NEXRAD Data Coverage
In some circumstances, geographic areas may not have NEXRAD imagery available. This may be the
case if:
•
•
Data is not available for the area because there is no NEXRAD coverage in the locale. This can
be observed in the areas surrounding the US in Figure 152 above.
Data blocks not received for an area due to radio signal obscuration, interference, or other
radio phenomena:
Data has not yet been received for an area for which there is available coverage, due to the time it
takes for the ADS-B system to transmit information.
Areas for which no data is available will depicted with a darker background.
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ADS-B Receiver Status / Data Age
Current Regonal and Conus data age is displayed on the upper left hand corner of the map.
REGNL is the local high-resolution data and CONUS is the low resolution data for the continental US.
The EFIS > ABOUT >WX page displays pertinent information about the status of the ADS-B receiver. The
page can be displayed by pressing the CHECK -> ABOUT and Selecting the WX Tab
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Map Traffic Display
WARNING: Traffic information displayed on the Map is provided for visually assisting in acquiring
other aircraft. The aircraft should be maneuvered based only upon ATC guidance or positive visual
acquisition of conflicting aircraft.
Traffic 200ft below
Traffic 800ft above
and descending
Traffic direction and 2
minute arrow
The AFS-Map can display traffic when connected to a ADS-B receiver or active traffic system.
Traffic Display on the Map
Traffic is displayed using the standard TCAS-II symbology
Other Traffic (Greater than 7000ft relative altitude and greater than 7nm range)
Proximity Traffic (within 1200ft relative altitude and less than 6nm range)
Traffic Advisory (within 1200ft relative altitude and less than 3 nm range)
Receiver Status
The TRAFFIC display in the lower right area of the Map Page annunciates both the device that is currently
providing traffic and the status of the traffic receiver.
Possible devices and their possible states include:
ADS-B: Any ADS-B source – such as the SV-ADSB.
•
OK: Signifies that the transponder is communicating with the US-based ADS-B ground stations; that
those ground stations are replying to the ADS-B Receiver; and that your aircraft is in a known radar
service volume. This allows the ADS-B ground stations to report all ADS-B targets and radar-only
targets that are not yet ADS-B out equipped, thus providing a full traffic picture.
•
NO RADAR: ADS-B system is reporting that it does not know about radar traffic targets, or that it is
not receiving information from any ADS-B ground station (in this case, you may still see aircraft that
are equipped with 978 MHz ADS-B out devices via the ADS-B receiver). Although you are receiving
ADS-B traffic from other ADS-B equipped aircraft, you are not receiving all detectable traffic because
you are not currently in a radar service volume and ADS-B service volume. Thus, the traffic portrait
may be incomplete.
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•
TIS: Traffic provided from an SV-XPNDR-261/262, Garmin GTX 330, or any other device that is
configured to output traffic information in the Garmin TIS format. The EFIS is receiving traffic data
from the device which is providing traffic to the best of its ability.
EFIS Database Files
The moving map navigational database files are stored in internal EFIS memory. You can use the USB
memory stick or SD card to update the files. The database files for the United States are updated every 28
days and provided for no charge on the www.Advanced-Flight-Systems.com web site.
The optional VFR Sectionals, IFR Low, IFR High, Airport Diagrams and Approach Plates are stored on a
USB stick plugged into the back of the EFIS. The data is a subscription service provided by
www.SeattleAvionics.com
The High-Resolution terrain database is stored on the USB stick plugged into the back of the EFIS. The
HRTERRAIN database is provided free of charge on the www.Advanced-Flight-Systems.com web site.
See Appendix B for database update procedures.
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Internal Flight Planning
The AF-5000 Series EFIS systems
have an internal flight planning
feature, eliminating the requirement
for an external GPS to provide flight
plan waypoints. Only a basic GPS
with NMEA data output is required to
utilize this feature (though it can still
be used with any GPS navigator as
well). If another GPS navigator with
flight planning capability is used, it
will transfer the flight plan to the
EFIS internal flight plan.
Accessing the Flight Plan page
Press [FPL]
Information Displayed:
DTK: Desired Track to Waypoint
VSR: Vertical Speed Required
DTW: Distance to Waypoint
WPID: Waypoint Identifier
RW:
Runway: (Number) > (Glide Angle)
ETE: Estimated time Enroute (leg)
Cross xx Before: Distance from waypoint to cross at
AT/ABOVE/BELOW xxx: Cross the prescribed distance from the waypoint at/above/below the set altitude
[SRC XXX] - Selects the GPS source for the internal flight plan (GNAV1 / GNAV2 / GPS1 / GPS2)
[CHART] - Displays the approach plate (if installed on the SD Card) for the destination airport
Creating a Flight Plan
There are two ways to program a flight plan; manually or automatically transfer through another GPS.
To manually create a flight plan, follow these simple steps:
Go to the FLT PLAN page [FPL]
Press [INSERT]
A waypoint box will appear with the cursor, allowing a waypoint to be entered
Once the waypoint has been entered, press in the joystick to de-select cursor mode
Press [INSERT] to add additional waypoints
To remove a waypoint in the flight plan, use the joystick and cursor to highlight the waypoint, press
[REMOVE]
Activating the Flight Plan
After the flight plan has been created, pressing the [ACTIVATE] button will change the EFIS navigation
source to follow the internal flight plan. All other screens will prompt "Change Source to Internal Flight
Plan?"
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Direct-To
Proceeding Direct-To an intermediate waypoint: Use the cursor to highlight the waypoint to proceed to, press
the [DIRECT] button. The EFIS will then sequence to the selected waypoint.
Fly-Leg
The Fly-Leg features is used to fly a leg between two intermediate waypoints. For example, a flight plan has
A, B, C, and D intersections before the destination and the pilots wants to skip A and fly the leg between B
and C (an airway). Use the cursor to highlight the second of the two legs and press [FLY LEG].
Suspending a Flight Plan
The [SUSPEND] button will freeze the current flight plan and cause the HDG and ALT bugs to sync to the
current heading and altitude. It will also change the AP/FD mode to LAT: HDG | VER: ALT, meaning the
autopilot will take-over and maintain the current heading and altitude. This is useful when ATC gives an
amended clearance and time is needed to modify the flight plan.
Vertical Navigation using the internal Flight Plan
Using the internal flight plan, the EFIS can descend to preset altitudes at each waypoint. For example, if the
aircraft is at 10,000ft (set by the ALT BUG), a user can program 8,000ft for the first waypoint, 6,000ft for the
second waypoint, 3,000ft for the third waypoint..etc. To enter a crossing altitude, edit a waypoint and enter a
distance from the waypoint to cross at and an altitude. Perform this procedure for all waypoints a crossing
altitude is desired and press [ACTIVATE].
Note: If no crossing altitudes are entered, the EFIS will follow the ALT bug.
Rubber Band Edit of Internal Flight Plan
You can edit the internal flight plan using the following
procedure:
1.
Touch the Airplane ICON to put the Map in Pan / Select
Mode
2.
Touch the Flight Plan leg to edit.
3.
Touch MODIFY from the pop up menu
4.
Move the green pointer to the new edit point on the touch
screen.
5.
Touch ACCEPT on the pop up menu.
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Wi-Fi Adaptor
The Wi-Fi Adapter for AF-5000 allows supported devices and third-party applications to interface with an AF5000 EFIS. The Wi-Fi Adapter supports ForeFlight Mobile connectivity to AF-5000 on both iPads and
iPhones. The Wi-Fi Adapter plugs into a USB port and must be plugged into the EFIS display before power
on and remain plugged in for the full flight. Only one Wi-Fi Adapter is required in the aircraft.
Configuring the Wi-Fi Adapter
Configuration of the AF-5000 Wi-Fi system only needs to be done on one EFIS display that has the Wi-Fi module
connected. To configure the Wi-Fi Adapter access the [SET] -> [CAL] MENU
The AF-5000 system supports both HOST and CLIENT Modes:
HOST Mode
Use Host mode if you want the EFIS to connect to an iPad or iPhone running a flight planning App
(ForeFlight, FlyQ, FltPlanGo)
NETWORK ESSID: Displays the Wi-Fi Network name that will be displayed on a connected device; this
name can be changed by the installer.
PASSWORD: User changeable password.
WI-FI PASSWORD (WPA2):
• Minimum of 8 characters
• Maximum of 12 characters
• Valid characters are A-Z, 0-9
• Uppercase and lowercase is significant – the password typed in on the device must match the
uppercase.
• After entering the password, push the ENTER button. When in the WI-FI SETUP menu the
password will be displayed.
• Write down the password for future reference and easy recall, such as in the plane’s logbook.
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Client Mode
Use Client Mode if you want the EFIS to connect to a Wifi ADS-B Module that supports GDL90 data or a
Wi-Fi Hotspot. Wi-Fi Hotspot EFIS data updates will be added in a future software update.
After changing the Wi-Fi mode you will need to power down and power up the EFIS for the changes to
take effect.
The Wi-Fi receiver should not be used in Client Mode connected to a Wi-Fi ADS-B module on the same
EFIS screen that is configured for a wired ADS-B receiver. You must disable any EFIS serial port that is
configured for ADS-B data on the same EFIS as the Wi-Fi module.
Selecting a Wi-Fi ADS-B receiver or Wi-Fi Hotspot
You can select the Wi-Fi network to connect to from the SET > WiFi button. Once you select the network the
EFIS will ask for the password. You will need to get the password from the network administrator or device
manual.
Testing Wi-Fi ADS-B data
You can verify that the Wi-Fi ADS-B unit is working from the: CHECK > ABOUT > WX button
The ADS-B WX Message Count will count if the ADS-B receiver is getting weather data from a ground
station, in most areas you will need to be airborne to get data.
The Last Message count is reset every time the EFIS gets data from the Wi-Fi network and should be
a small number if it is working.
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Connecting AF-5000 to ForeFlight
AF-5000 and ForeFlight customers can send and receive flight plans between AF-5000 and their
ForeFlight Mobile app on Apple iPad, iPhone, and iPod Touch devices running the iOS operating
system. The AF-5000 will also transmit its GPS position and ADAHRS information to ForeFlight for use
within the ForeFlight app. This feature requires one Wi-Fi Adapter in the aircraft. If the Wi-Fi module is
installed in the same EFIS that is wired to an ADS-B receiver it will also send ADS-B weather and
traffic data to ForeFlight.
•
In the Wi-Fi menu on your iOS device, select your AF-5000 system. You’ll need the password
you chose when you set up your EFIS Wi-Fi connection.
•
Once your device is connected to your AF-5000 Wi-Fi network it should automatically be listed
as a connected device in your ForeFlight App. Confirm that AF-5000 is connected under the
Map Settings Icon
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Send and Receive Flight Plans with ForeFlight
Once you have your flight plan set up in ForeFlight on your iOS device (iPad or iPhone), you can send it
to AF-5000 EFIS Flight Planning page and Moving Map. The EFIS CDI source (Flight Plan) must be set
to Internal to accept a flight plan from ForeFlight.
Figure - ForeFlight Flight Plan
•
To send the flight plan, first ensure that the Nav Log is open. To open the Nav Log, touch the
Hide/Show Nav Log button at the top of the App:
•
•
Next, touch the Send To button:
Finally, touch the Panel icon to send your flight plan to the AF-5000 EFIS.
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•
Once AF-5000 EFIS receives the flight plan a
confirmation message will appear on the EFIS and
the Flight Plan will be in the EFIS Flight Plan
window. The flight plan can then be used and
edited on the AF-5000 EFIS.
To have ForeFlight retrieve the AF-5000 EFIS flight plan, simply touch the Panel button
at the top of the app window.
Note that flight plans are only updated when you explicitly send or receive them from the ForeFlight app.
This ensures that no flight plan changes are made to either ForeFlight or the AF-5000 EFIS flight plan
without explicit action by the pilot.
GPS and Attitude on ForeFlight
Once the AF-5000 EFIS is connected to ForeFlight, it will also send its GPS position to the app. The GPS
position sent by the EFIS is only usable within the ForeFlight app and cannot be used by other apps on
the device.
The AF-5000 EFIS also continuously send primary flight instrument data for ForeFlight to
display in the app. To view, touch the Attitude Indicator button at the top of the menu .
Note that as of the initial ForeFlight Mobile release, speed, altitude, and other information is GPSbased. See the ForeFlight documentation for a full description of how flight instrumentation is
displayed within the app. You can confirm that the AF-5000 EFIS is ForeFlight’s source of attitude
information by touching the AHRS Status button.
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Logbook Interface
[CHECK] [LOGBOOK]
The AF-5000 Series EFIS systems have an internal, and exportable, Log Book
feature. The Log Book will store information about your flights, including
Duration, Landings, Date, Departure Airport, and Arrival Airport.
To Export Logbook data from your AF-5000 insert a SD Card and press
[SET] [LOGS] [LOGBOOK]
This information is easily imported to LogbookPro on your personal computer.
The file stored on the SD Card is a {,} Comma Delimited File type and will be named FLTLOGXX.txt
Use the Browse tool to select the
Logbook file
Be sure to correctly select the
“Target” for each data column in the
drop down menus
Import your data and enjoy your new Digital Logbook
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Synthetic Appraoch
With the AF-5000 series EFIS
you can setup a Synthetic
Approach to any airport in the
map database or user airport
data file with runway endpoint
data. The flight plan menu lets
you select the runway and set
the glideslope. Once you enter
a glideslope the system will
remember it for later use.
Selected Runway
Glideslope
HITS Boxes for Runway
Selected Runway also displayed
on the Map
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Engine Monitor Display
The system can display the engine monitor on the bottom of the main EFIS page or as a full Engine page if
the system has one of the following:
1. The screen has an engine monitor board installed in the case.
2. The screen is connected to another screen that has an engine monitor board installed with an
Ethernet crossover cable.
Fuel Computer
The fuel computer is accessed from the main screen by pressing the [ENGINE] button followed by pressing
the [FC MODE] button.
WARNING
The GALS USED (Gallons Used) and GALS REM (Gallons Remaining) displayed is not a
measurement of the fuel in the aircrafts tanks. The fuel amount is calculated from the starting fuel level
programmed in the system, minus the fuel used while the engine is running. When the system is properly
calibrated and fuel is added correctly, the system will accurately measure the fuel used. It is imperative the
pilot verify the calibration of the system over many tanks of fuel before using the "GALS REM" and/or "GALS
USED" Modes as an indication of the fuel in the tanks or fuel used. Even after verifying the calibration of the
system it should never be used as the primary indicator of fuel quantity in the tanks. It is important the pilot
visually check/measure the fuel quantity for each tank before takeoff and crosscheck these readings against
the Fuel Level Gauges and the Fuel Computer. It is important the pilot use preflight and flight planning
techniques, in accordance with the FAR's, which will help insure the proper amount of fuel for the intended
flight is on board the aircraft before takeoff. While in-flight, the fuel gauges and fuel computer should only be
used to cross-check the fuel calculations of the fuel onboard. The flow rates should be checked against
published data from the engine manufacturer. The use of this system does not eliminate or reduce the
necessity for the pilot to use good flight planning, preflight and in-flight techniques for managing fuel. If not
familiar with these techniques, contact the FAA to acquire proper training.
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Fuel Computer Modes
The fuel computer display can be set to display any of the following by pressing the [FC MODE] button. The mode label
will be RED if the fuel computer gallons remaining amount does not match the fuel tanks.
Gallons Used -> Gallons Remaining -> Hours Remaining
If the system is connected to a GPS, the following modes will also be enabled:
Kts per Gallon -> Miles per Gallon -> Gallons Remaining at Waypoint -> Gallons Required to Waypoint
WARNING: The Fuel Computer is only accurate when the fuel-flow sensor is calibrated properly and fueling stops are entered
correctly.
GAL USED
Gallons Used
Displays the gallons used since the last time the fuel computer was set.
GAL REM
Gallons Remaining
Displays the gallons remaining, calculated from the last time the fuel computer was set.
HRS REM
Hours Remaining
Displays the hours remaining, calculated from the last time the fuel computer was set and the current fuel flow rate.
WARNING!! The following are based on the current fuel flow and the GPS ground speed. If power setting is
changed or the winds change, the fuel computer will not be correct!
NM/GAL
Nautical Miles per Gallon
Displays the current ground distance traveled in nautical miles per gallon of fuel.
SM/GAL
Statute Miles per Gallon
Displays the current ground distance traveled in statute miles per gallon of fuel.
GREM AT
Gallons Remaining At Waypoint
Displays the fuel amount that should be remaining at the next GPS waypoint.
GREQ TO
Gallons Required to next Waypoint.
Displays the fuel amount of fuel needed to get to the next GPS waypoint. This is based on the current fuel flow and GPS
data.
Adding Fuel to the Fuel Computer
WARNING: Every time fuel is added or removed from the aircraft tanks one of the following operations must be
done to protect the accuracy of the fuel computer.
TANKS FILLED
Set the fuel computer to the programmed full tanks by pressing one of the following buttons in the fuel
computer:
1. [FILL MAIN] If only the main tanks have been filled
2. [FILL ALL]
If the main and tip tanks have been filled (only applies to systems with 3 or 4 tanks)
WARNING: If [FILL ALL] is pressed and no fuel was to the tip tanks, the fuel computer calculations will be
incorrect
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The pilot can add or subtract fuel to the computer by pressing [FC ADJ] and using the keypad or rotating the
joystick for the correct amount and then pressing the [FC SET] button.
% Power Display
The system will display the estimated %Power and the current (RICH-PEAK-LEAN) Status
You need to select the correct engine type and horsepower in the calibration menu for the Horsepower to
display.
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EGT/CHT Display Modes
Cylinder Head Temperatures (CHT)
Exhaust Gas Temperatures (EGT)
All cylinders are continuously displayed in both analog and
digital formats. The cylinders are laid out sequentially with
cylinder #1 on the left followed by cylinder #2 to its right
and so on. The graph uses small white bars for the CHT
that are superimposed onto the larger EGT bars. The
graph uses a dual scale that represents the CHT scale on
the left side and the EGT scale on the right. The digital
reading for each column is displayed above each bar for
CHT and below for EGT. During normal operation the EGT and CHT bars will align themselves in a very
easy to recognize pattern.
Leaning EGT Mode (Peak Detect)
The leaning peak detection mode is selected from the main screen by pressing the [ENGINE] -> [PEAK]. As
the engine is leaned, the EGT bars for all cylinders will rise. As each cylinder reaches peak EGT, a tattletale
marker will appear at the top of that cylinder’s bar. The current EGT is shown on the bottom of the bar, Peak
EGT is displayed on the top and the degrees rich or lean of peak are displayed on the bar. If the mixture is
enrichened before all cylinders have peaked, the unit will detect the EGT drop and display a false peak. The
peak detection can be reset at any time by pressing [RESET] when PEAK is selected.
Warning: Never lean the engine with power settings beyond the factory recommended
level (generally 65% to 75% power).
Leaning with high power settings can cause detonation. Always verify power level with engine charts before
leaning. As the engine is leaned past maximum horsepower (100F to 150F rich of peak EGT) the engine will
lose power.
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EFIS Checklists
To view checklists pages press the [CHECK] button from the main
screen. Rotate the joystick to scroll through the checklists. To
return to the main screen press the [BACK] button.
If the [CHECK] button is pressed the page that is displayed is
controlled by the following:
ENGINE RPM
PAGE
Normal Use
0
1
Before Starting Engine
<1250
3
Before Takeoff Checklist
>1250
6
Emergency Checklist
This will make the emergency procedures checklist easy to access
in the event of an in-flight emergency.
The checklist file is stored in the CHKLST.AFD file and can be
transferred using the SD card from the EFIS Calibration Menu.
[SET] -> [CAL] -> [ADMIN SETTINGS] -> [TRANSFER FILES]
1. Admin Settings
1. Transfer Files
2. Checklists file
Press [SAVE]
The text for the checklists is stored in the following format and can be modified using Microsoft Word Pad on a PC.
# Lines are limited to 96 char long
#
# DO NOT USE COMMAS IN THE CHECKLIST TEXT !
CHKLST0.TITLE, BEFORE STARTING ENGINE
CHKLST0.LINE1, Preflight Complete
CHKLST0.LINE2, Spar Pins Secured - CHECK
CHKLST0.LINE3, Safety Belts - ON
CHKLST0.LINE4, Doors - LATCHED
CHKLST0.LINE5, Fuel Selector Valve - DESIRED TANK
CHKLST0.LINE6, Avionics - OFF
CHKLST0.LINE7, Brakes - SET
CHKLST0.LINE8, Circuit Breakers - CHECK IN
CHKLST0.LINE9,
CHKLST0.LINE10,
CHKLST0.LINE11,
CHKLST0.LINE12,
CHKLST1.TITLE,
CHKLST1.LINE1,
CHKLST1.LINE2,
CHKLST1.LINE3,
CHKLST1.LINE4,
CHKLST1.LINE5,
CHKLST1.LINE6,
CHKLST1.LINE7,
CHKLST1.LINE8,
CHKLST1.LINE9,
ENGINE STARTING
Mixture - RICH
Prop - HIGH RPM
Master Switch - ON
Fuel Boost Pump (3 Sec)
Flaps - UP
Throttle - OPEN approx 1/4
Propeller Area - CLEAR
Ignition Switch - START
Oil Pressure – CHECK
CHKLST1.LINE10, Strobes - ON
CHKLST1.LINE11,
CHKLST1.LINE12,
CHKLST2.TITLE, BEFORE TAKEOFF 1/2
CHKLST2.LINE1,
CHKLST2.LINE2,
CHKLST2.LINE3,
CHKLST2.LINE4,
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Brakes - SET
Spar Pins Secured - CHECKED
Doors - LATCHED
Flight Controls - FREE & CORRECT
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CHKLST2.LINE5, Flight Instruments - SET
CHKLST2.LINE6, Altimeter - CORRECT PRESSURE
CHKLST2.LINE7, Fuel Selector Valve - DESIRED TANK
CHKLST2.LINE8, Mixture - RICH (below 3000ft)
CHKLST2.LINE9, Elevator and Aileron Trim - NEUTRAL
CHKLST2.LINE10, Throttle -- 1800 RPM
CHKLST2.LINE11, ...Magnetos - CHECK (175 max drop)
CHKLST2.LINE12, ...Prop - CHECK OPERATION
To restore the checklist file to the EFIS perform the same steps above but instead press [REST]
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Maintenance Log
The system has an Aircraft Maintenance Log that can be setup to track any
number of user configurable items. Each item can be configured as a Tach
time or calendar time controlled event. Once the time interval has expired the
item will turn red indicating the need for service.
To update the Date and Tach Time press [UPDATE] from the Aircraft
Maintenance page: [CHECK] -> [MAINT]
The Maintenance Log is selected from the following menu:
[CHECK] -> [MAINT]
The Maintenance settings are controlled by the file:
MAINT.AFD
The file is in the following format and can be modified using Microsoft Word
Pad on a PC.
Units must be Tach hours or days.
DESC, Annual Inspection
LASTDATE, 08-05-2006
LASTTACH, 210.80
INTERVAL, 250
UNITS, tach hours
NEXTLINE, 0
DESC, Tires
LASTDATE, 04-05-2005
LASTTACH, 95.10
INTERVAL, 365
UNITS, days
NEXTLINE, 0
DESC, Oil and Filter
LASTDATE, 06/19/2006
LASTTACH, 195.30
INTERVAL, 100
UNITS, tach hours
NEXTLINE, 0
DESC, ELT Batteries
LASTDATE, 08/05/2006
LASTTACH, 210.80
INTERVAL, 400
UNITS, days
NEXTLINE, 0
DESC, Insurance
LASTDATE, 08/05/2006
LASTTACH, 210.80
INTERVAL, 180
UNITS, days
NEXTLINE, 0
The Maintenance file can be transferred to/from the SD card to/from the EFIS by pressing [SET] -> [CAL] ->
[ADMIN SETTINGS] -> [TRANSFER FILES]
1. Admin Settings
1. Transfer Files
3. Maintenance
Press [SAVE] to copy the file to the SD Card
Press [REST] to copy the file back to the EFIS from the SD Card
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Weight & Balance Screen
The Weight & Balance page is selected from the following menu:
[CHECK] -> [W&B]
The middle knob is used to select the station to adjust. The joystick is used to
adjust the weight/qty at the selected station.
The Weight & Balance settings are controlled by the files:
AIRCRAFT.AFD Stations, Weights, Screen Location
AIRCRAFT.AFB Standard .BMP of the aircraft picture.
To transfer the files to/from the SD card from the EFIS Calibration startup screen.
1. Admin Settings
1. Transfer Files
4. Weight & Balance
Press [SAVE] to copy the file to the SD Card
Press [REST] to copy the file back to the EFIS from
the SD Card
The normal weight & balance settings can be adjusted on the Weight & Balance page by pressing the [STATIONS]
button. The QTY and ARM of the station can be modified on this page.
The X and Y of the station on the screen can by changed by pressing [ADJ POS] on the main W&B page. This will
change where the station is displayed using X and Y screen coordinates. The upper right knob is used for [X ADJ] and
the middle knob used for [Y ADJ] for the text on the aircraft bitmap. The Aircraft Type, Gross Weight and CG Range will
need to be modified using Microsoft Word Pad and editing the AIRCRAFT.AFD file on a PC.
The aircraft bitmap can be changed using Microsoft Paint and editing the AIRCRAFT.AFB file, do not change the overall
dimensions of the Bit Map.
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EFIS Data Logs
The EFIS data logs can be downloaded using the USB or SD data card from the SET > LOGS Menu.
SYSTEM
System diagnostic file
SCN SHOT
Screen Captures (Press and Hold the button below the joystick to capture the screen
LOGBOOK
Logbook Files
APLOGS
Autopilot diagnostic file
Flight Data
LST FLT
Flight and Engine data from last flight (1 hz)
TODAY
Flight and Engine data from todays flights (1 hz)
5 HRS
Flight and Engine data from last 5 hours (1 hz)
10 HRS
Flight and Engine data from last 10 hours (1 hz)
20 HRS
Flight and Engine data from last 20 hours (1 hz)
ALL
Flight and Engine data all saved data (1 hz)
Importing Flight Data to Excel
Once the data is saved onto a card, it can be imported into Microsoft Excel by the following procedure:
1. From Excel select File Open
2. Change the file type to All Files (*.*)
3. Open the SD drive folder
4. Select the *.ALD file to open. The data files are stored
using the following name:
ymmddhhm.ALD where
y
year
mm
month
dd
date
hh
hour
m
minute
5. The Text Import Wizard should start and press Next
6. Select the Delimiters – Check Tab & Comma and then press Finish
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Using Savvy Analysis to display the recorded Flight Data
https://www.savvyanalysis.com
The AF-5000 recorded Flight Data is compatible with Savvy Analysis
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APPENDIX A: AF-5000 IFR Procedures
Flying an LPV Approach
The following example shows how to use the EFIS and Avidyne IFD540 to fly from KEUG to KUAO using the
GPS 35 LPV approach.
In this picture we have entered a flight plan into the IFD540 to go from KEUG to KUAO with the middle CVO
VOR waypoint. The current waypoint (CVO) is magenta, notice the flight plan has been automatically
transferred to the AF-5000 EFIS GNAV1 (GPS Navigator 1) flight plan.
Touch the AP Status Bar to bring up the Autopilot Menu.
Autopilot is Engaged
Lateral (Roll) is in NAV mode and
following the CDI needle (GNAV1 GPS)
Vertical is in ALT mode and following
the Altitude bug. Currently descending
to 3700ft
Using Vertical Speed Mode.
VNAV is Armed and ready to capture
the glide slope when it pops up. It will
follow the Altitude bug when there is no
glide slope.
+/- Vertical Speed bugs
CDI is GNAV1 GPS side (Magenta)
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In this picture we have selected the RNAV GPS 35 LPV approach on the IFD540, selected EMADE as our
Initial Approach Fix. The autopilot mode is NAV for Lateral and ARM for Vertical. This means the autopilot is
following the IFD540's lateral GPS course and is holding altitude at the altitude bug until vertical guidance is
provided from the IFD540 (usually just outside the FAF).
Notice all the flight plan legs including the approach have automatically transferred to the EFIS GNAV1
Flight Plan.
The current flight plan leg is drawn solid magenta on both the AF-5000 map and IFD540 map. The next leg
is drawn with a magenta and white striped leg and the remaining legs are drawn white.
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From the map screen we have selected APP PLATE, selected the RNAV 35 approach plate, and then used
the knob to scroll and zoom the approach plate. The map screen will remember the current plate and scroll
position making it very easy to switch back and forth from the map screen to the approach plate. From the
approach plate we see that we need to be at 3700Ft between EMADE and DUBMY and we have set the
altitude bug to 3700 ft. Again, the autopilot mode is NAV for lateral and ARM for vertical, the autopilot is
following the GNAV1 flight plan for lateral and using the altitude bug for vertical. We have also set the
Minimums bug ( SET > MINA middle knob) to 450ft.
From the approach plate we see that we now need to be at 2500Ft at HITAK and we need to set the altitude
bug to 2500 ft. The autopilot vertical is still in ARM waiting for vertical guidance from the IFD540.
After passing HITAK we start getting vertical guidance from the IFD540 and it switches from Vertical ARM to
Vertical NAV. At this point the autopilot will hold altitude until the vertical deviation indicator is centered. Once
the VDI is centered, the autopilot will capture the glide-slope and hold it centered while descending.
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•
We have also set the Minimums Bug to the 450Ft Decision Height from the approach plate. The
autopilot will not fly below the Minimums Altitude bug.
•
Before reaching the decision height we have set the Altitude bug to the 4000ft missed procedure
altitude from the approach plate. After pressing the SUSP button on the IFD540 the autopilot will
follow the IFD540 missed procedure for lateral guidance and switch from following the Minimums
bug to the Altitude bug.
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APPENDIX B: EFIS Map and Charts Database Updates
AF-5000 MAP DATA
The AF-5000 series stores the digital Map data on the internal EFIS
memory. The data for the United States is updated every 28 days and
provided free of charge on the www.Advanced-Flight-Systems.com web
site.
Every 28 days you should download the new map data from the support
section of our web site.
www.dynonavionics.com/af-5000-data.php
Select DOWNLOAD
Once the new file is downloaded you will need to
open the zip file by clicking on the ICON usually
in your Downloads directory.
Then you will need to move the new file from the zip folder to
the EFIS USB stick or SD Card.
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Once the AF2MAPUS.AFM file has been moved to the USB Memory Stick or SD card you can plug it back
into the EFIS. The EFIS should recognize the new database and prompt to install it. You can force the EFIS
to install the map data from the SET > CAL > ADMIN Settings > DATA Transfer > Upgrade Maps
AF-5000 High Resolution Terrain DATA
The AF-5000 EFIS must have a USB Memory Stick plugged into the back of the unit with
the high-resolution terrain data. The high-resolution data is stored in the /HRTERRAIN
folder on the USB Memory Stick
High-resolution data for other regions can be downloaded
from our web site:
www.dynonavionics.com/af-5000-data.php
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AF-5000 CHART DATA
For US customers, chart data subscriptions, including
sectionals, IFR low and high en-route charts, procedure
charts, airport diagrams. Unlike other databases that are
stored in display’s internal drive, charts and airport
diagrams, because of their large size, must be stored on
a USB memory stick that remains connected to the
display during use.
For Australia and New Zealand customers, visit AvPlan Digital Carts
Through a Dynon subsidized program, we are excited to offer
Seattle Avionics' geo-referenced Sectionals, IFR Low and High en-route, Approach / Departure Procedure
Charts and Airport Diagrams (including thousands of Flight Guide diagrams) at unprecedented pricing of $99
per year. This includes both VFR and IFR data in one flat rate. Only one subscription is needed per airplane.
Most charts and diagrams are geo-referenced, which allows us to display the aircraft's location
superimposed on each chart.
You will need to download the Seattle Avionics Data Manager and setup an account.
To purchase and use charts:
•
You will need to use the USB memory stick from
each display in your aircraft. This memory stick also
contains the Synthetic Vision high resolution data
files in the /HRTERRAIN folder.
•
ChartData subscriptions, along with the download
manager needed to obtain charts/airport diagrams
and put them on your USB memory sticks are
available directly from Seattle Avionics. To purchase ChartData, go
to http://www.seattleavionics.com/dynon and follow the instructions on the Seattle Avionics
website to purchase and install AF-5000 ChartData on your USB memory stick(s). If you encounter
any technical problems during this process, please contact Seattle Avionics at (425) 806-0249 for
technical support.
After you have installed ChartData to your USB memory sticks, simply connect them to your AF-5000
display(s) to enable charting capabilities. The USB memory stick(s) must be left connected to your display(s)
during normal use for charts to be available.
Using Seattle Avionics ChartData Manager
Seattle Avionics ChartData Manager will require about 8 GB worth of data to be downloaded for a full
download. Seattle Avionics recommends having 32 GB of free space available on your PC's hard drive.
A full download will be about 8 GB and will take at least 17 hours on a 1 Mbps connection or 2 hours on a 10
Mbps connection. Then the data can be loaded to the USB flash drive which takes more time. Plan
accordingly.
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Start the ChartData Manager
Select AFS from the App or Device column
Select your AFS_DATA removable drive.
At this point you can see that the green light on US USB flash
drive is connected (F:\)
Select the data elements that you want to load onto your USB
flash drive. The more items selected the longer the process
will take
Select the areas
that you want to view on the display. Again, the more items
selected the longer the process will take. Once finished click OK
Once selected press Update Now from the App or Device column
ALL green lights next to your checked items indicates your device is
READY. If not click Update Now again.
If you encounter any technical problems during this process, please
contact Seattle Avionics via email at Support@SeattleAvionics.com or
phone (425) 806-0249 for technical support.
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ChartData Updates
When new data is available from Seattle Avionics insert your USB flash drive into the
computer running the Data Manager software. An alert will pop-up allowing the new
data to be loaded onto the USB flash drive.
Click Yes to update the USB flash drive and wait for the update
process to complete
ALL green lights next to your checked items indicates your device is
READY.
If not click Update Now again.
AF-5000 High Resolution Terrain DATA
The AF-5000 EFIS must have a USB Memory Stick plugged into the back of the unit with the high resolution
data. The high resolution data is stored in the /HRTERRAIN folder on the USB Memory Stick
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