WaveStar®
Color Monitor
Setup and Operation
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WaveStar Color Monitor ___________________________________________________________
Thank you for your recent purchase of a WaveStar® Color Monitor from Power Distribution, Inc.
For safety reasons as well as to ensure optimal performance of your WaveStar® Color Monitor, please
carefully read the instructions before trying to install, operate, service or maintain the system.
For any questions regarding the installation, operation, service or maintenance of your WaveStar®
Color Monitor, please contact us:
Power Distribution, Inc. | 4200 Oakleys Court | Richmond, VA 23223
+1 804 737 9880 | +1.800.225.4838
pdicorp.com | service@pdicorp.com
WaveStar® Color Monitor
Setup and Operation
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Release Date: December 2017
© 2017 by Power Distribution, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cover Photo: WaveStar® Color Monitor Home Screen
PDI, JCOMM, Quad-Wye, ToughRail Technology, and WaveStar are registered trademarks of Power
Distribution Inc. All other trademarks are held by their respective owners.
Power Distribution, Inc. (PDI)
Power Distribution, Inc. (PDI) designs, manufactures, and services mission critical power distribution, static switches, and
power monitoring equipment for corporate data centers, alternative energy, industrial and commercial customers around the
world. For over 30 years, PDI has served the data center and alternative energy markets providing flexible solutions with the
widest range of products in the industry.
.
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Contents________________________________________________________________________
Contents
Safety ............................................................................................6
1
2
Introduction ..........................................................................7
1.1
WaveStar Color Monitor Summary ....................................................... 7
1.2
Power On and Access ......................................................................... 7
1.3
Screen Summary and Navigation ........................................................ 8
1.4
Entering Data ................................................................................... 8
Color Monitor Networking ................................................... 10
2.1
Supported Protocols ........................................................................ 10
2.2
Monitor Network Connections ........................................................... 10
2.3
3
Modbus RTU Ports ................................................................. 11
2.2.2
Modbus RTU 2-Wire vs. 4-Wire Configuration ........................... 11
Modbus RTU Cables ......................................................................... 12
2.3.1
Cable Specification ................................................................ 12
2.3.2
Cable Biasing and Termination................................................ 12
2.4
Ethernet Cables .............................................................................. 12
2.5
Customer Modbus RTU Connections ................................................... 12
2.5.1
Power Distribution Unit (PDU) ................................................. 13
2.5.1
Remote Power Panel (RPP) ..................................................... 14
2.5.1
JCOMM ................................................................................ 14
2.6
Modbus Addressing ......................................................................... 15
2.7
Communicating with the Monitor: Commands and Replies .................... 16
2.7.1
Modbus Commands and Replies .............................................. 16
2.7.2
Limit on Open Sockets ........................................................... 16
2.7.3
SNMP Commands.................................................................. 16
Setup: Monitor and Network ............................................... 17
3.1
SETUP: Miscellaneous Parameters ..................................................... 17
3.2
Network Setup ................................................................................ 18
3.3
4
2.2.1
3.2.1
Downstream Modbus Device Chain Setup ................................. 18
3.2.2
Modbus RTU Setup ................................................................ 18
3.2.3
TCP/IP and Modbus TCP/IP Setup ........................................... 19
3.2.4
SNMP Setup ......................................................................... 19
3.2.5
Loading INI Parameters from an SD Card................................. 20
Software Versions ........................................................................... 20
Device Chain: Settings ........................................................ 22
4.1
Initial Device Chain ......................................................................... 22
4.2
Device Settings ............................................................................... 23
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WaveStar Color Monitor ___________________________________________________________
5
6
PDU Device Settings .............................................................. 23
4.2.2
Enhanced Subfeeds Settings .................................................. 24
4.2.3
BCMS Normal and KWH Settings ............................................. 24
4.2.4
BCMS CB Subfeeds Settings ................................................... 25
4.2.5
BCMS IEC Settings ................................................................ 26
Device Chain: Readings ....................................................... 27
5.1
PDU Device Readings ....................................................................... 27
5.2
Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) Readings ................................................... 28
5.3
BCMS (Normal) Panelboard Readings ................................................. 30
5.4
BCMS KWH Readings ....................................................................... 31
5.5
BCMS CB (Subfeeds) Readings.......................................................... 33
5.6
BCMS IEC Readings ......................................................................... 33
Alarms and Troubleshooting ............................................... 35
6.1
Summary Alarm Indicators ............................................................... 35
6.2
Alarm Screen and Alarm List............................................................. 35
6.3
Alarms by Device Type..................................................................... 37
6.4
7
4.2.1
6.3.1
Color Monitor Alarms ............................................................. 37
6.3.2
PDU Alarms .......................................................................... 37
6.3.3
Enhanced Subfeeds ............................................................... 39
6.3.4
BCMS Panelboard—Typical Alarms .......................................... 40
Troubleshooting .............................................................................. 40
Web Pages .......................................................................... 42
Glossary ...................................................................................... 46
Bibliography ................................................................................ 47
Appendix: Color Monitor Backpanel ............................................. 48
Tables
Table 1 Pin-Out for Modbus Headers ................................................................................................... 11
Figures
Figure 1 WaveStar Color Monitor Installed in a JCOMM ........................................................................ 7
Figure 2 HOME Screen and Navigation Buttons .................................................................................... 8
Figure 3 Entering Alphanumeric Data ..................................................................................................... 9
Figure 4 Color Monitor Network Connections ....................................................................................... 10
Figure 5 Color Monitor 4-wire Modbus Connections ............................................................................ 12
Figure 6 Modbus RTU Connections: PDU Basic Contractor Board ..................................................... 13
Figure 7 Modbus RTU Connections: PDU Enhanced Contractor Board .............................................. 13
Figure 8 Modbus RTU Customer Connection: RPP Upstream ............................................................. 14
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Contents________________________________________________________________________
Figure 9 JCOMM Modbus Connections ................................................................................................ 14
Figure 10 Modbus Addressing .............................................................................................................. 15
Figure 11 SETUP Screen ...................................................................................................................... 17
Figure 12 Calibrating the Touchscreen ................................................................................................. 17
Figure 13 Modbus RTU Setup .............................................................................................................. 18
Figure 14 Modbus TCP/IP and SNMP Setup........................................................................................ 19
Figure 15 Model Information ................................................................................................................. 20
Figure 16 Initial Device List ................................................................................................................... 22
Figure 17 Settings: PDU Device ........................................................................................................... 23
Figure 18 Settings: Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) .................................................................................... 24
Figure 19 Settings: BCMS Device ........................................................................................................ 25
Figure 20 Settings: BCMS Subfeeds .................................................................................................... 25
Figure 21 Settings: BCMS IEC ............................................................................................................. 26
Figure 22 Readings: PDU ..................................................................................................................... 27
Figure 23 Readings: Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) (Part 1) ..................................................................... 28
Figure 24 Readings: Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) (Part 2) ..................................................................... 29
Figure 25 Readings: BCMS (Normal) ................................................................................................... 30
Figure 26 Readings: BCMS KWH (Part 1) ............................................................................................ 31
Figure 27 Readings: BCMS KWH (Part 2) ............................................................................................ 32
Figure 28 Readings: BCMS CB (Two Subfeeds) .................................................................................. 33
Figure 29 Readings: BCMS IEC Panelboard ........................................................................................ 34
Figure 30 Alarm and Warning Summary Status Icons .......................................................................... 35
Figure 31 ALARM Screen with an Alarm List........................................................................................ 36
Figure 32 Find the Circuits in an Alarm Condition ................................................................................ 36
Figure 33 Web Pages: Home Page ...................................................................................................... 42
Figure 34 Web Pages: Device Chain .................................................................................................... 42
Figure 35 Web Pages: Display Device ................................................................................................. 43
Figure 36 Web Pages: PDU Board ....................................................................................................... 44
Figure 37 Web Pages: Enhanced Subfeeds ......................................................................................... 45
Figure 38 Color Monitor Backpanel ...................................................................................................... 48
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Safety __________________________________________________________________________
Safety
Please pay special attention to the use of “Danger” symbols throughout this manual indicating
electrical or other safety hazards. Following these safety instructions is extremely important to avoid
possible injury or death.
The WaveStar® Color Monitor must be installed by licensed electricians or
by PDI-authorized technicians.
Follow safe electrical work practices:
•
•
•
•
•
Read, understand, and follow the instructions before installing this product.
Electrical equipment should be installed, operated, serviced, and maintained only by
qualified personnel and in accordance with all local safety codes. Power Distribution,
Inc. assumes no responsibility for any consequences arising out of the use of this
manual. This document should not be viewed as sufficient by otherwise non-qualified
personnel to operate, service, or maintain the equipment discussed.
Disconnect and lock-out all power supplying equipment before working on or
installing WaveStar® Color Monitor components. Use a properly rated voltage sensing
device to confirm power is OFF.
Install device in an appropriate electrical enclosure per local regulations.
ESD sensitive equipment. Ground yourself, discharge any static charge and ensure
that the device is effectively grounded before handling the unit.
DANGER!
Severe or fatal injury can result from electrical shock during contact with high
voltage conductors, monitoring PCBs, or similar equipment.
Disconnect power before drilling holes, attaching conduit, and attaching WaveStar®
Color Monitors to PDUs, RPPs, or other power distribution equipment.
Use Lock Out/Tag Out procedures.
Wear suitable personal protective clothing and use protective equipment for
performing mechanical and electrical installations.
Leave ample space for attaching and routing wires.
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Introduction_______________________________________________________________________
1 Introduction
1.1 WaveStar Color Monitor Summary
The WaveStar® Color Monitor is a 7-inch color touchscreen which displays power management
information for up to twenty (20) Branch Circuit Monitoring System (BCMS) devices and other PDI
devices in the Monitor’s downstream Modbus network.
The Color Monitor is incorporated into PDI products, such as PDUs, RPPs, or JCOMM®s, and can
also function as a stand-alone power monitoring station.
Figure 1 shows the Monitor used in a JCOMM®.
Figure 1 WaveStar Color Monitor Installed in a JCOMM
1.2 Power On and Access
The Color Monitor does not have an on/off switch. The Monitor automatically powers-on whenever
power is applied to the unit in which it is installed.
When the unit is powered on for the first time, the Home Screen appears (Figure 2).
The Color Monitor is accessed by touching the screen. If the unit is powered up and is not touched for
15 minutes, the backlight will turn off to save power. The backlight turns back on when the operator
again touches the screen, showing the last displayed screen.
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
1.3 Screen Summary and Navigation
Date/Time
Banner, user-specified on SETUP screen
SOFTWARE
VERSIONS button is
only displayed on the
HOME screen.
Alarm summaries are
given on each page.
•
•
•
The main navigation buttons are present on each screen.
Touch a button to select that screen.
Button turns blue when selected.
Figure 2 HOME Screen and Navigation Buttons
Setup and configuration information for the Color Monitor are on these screens:
•
•
•
•
•
SETUP: system parameters, such as number of devices in Monitor’s chain
Device SETTINGS: Device-specific parameters, such as user-specified device name
(DEVICES  Device Name  SETTINGS)
SOFTWARE VERSIONS: a list of software versions for each device, accessible only from
the HOME screen.
DEVICES screen gives a list of all devices in the Monitor’s chain.
Device SETTINGS screen lets you set device name and parameters specific to the
device.
Setpoints in the device’s points list, such as breaker alarm thresholds, are not viewable or modifiable
on the Monitor.
Power monitoring information as it is stored in each device’s points list (or Modbus register map) is in
each DEVICE READINGS screen.
Alarms and warnings are displayed on these screens:
•
•
ALARM: List of all extant warnings and alarms by device name
All screens: Warning and alarm summary counts
HELP screen contains Modbus information.
1.4 Entering Data
When you touch a field that requires alphanumeric data, such as device names, passwords, or
version numbers, a touchscreen keyboard will appear, prompting you for information based on
context. You can toggle between LETTERS and SYMBOLS keyboards, for entering text or numbers
(Figure 3).
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Introduction_____________________________________________________________________
Touch here to toggle between Symbol and Letters keyboards as you enter model
information.
Touch ENTER to complete the operation. Touch Cancel to terminate the operation.
Figure 3 Entering Alphanumeric Data
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
2 Color Monitor Networking
2.1 Supported Protocols
All protocols supported by the Color Monitor can be used simultaneously.
Downstream Protocol The downstream device network has fixed parameters of Modbus RTU, 9600
baud, EVEN parity.
Upstream Protocols There are separate upstream ports for Modbus RTU and Ethernet, supporting
these protocols:
•
•
Modbus RTU
Ethernet port
• TCP/IP, used by the web page server (see Chapter 7, Web Pages)
• Modbus TCP/IP
• SNMP Version 1
2.2 Monitor Network Connections
The Color Monitor’s backpanel has Modbus RTU and Ethernet ports (Figure 4).
For Color Monitors embedded in PDI products (PDUs, RPPs, or JCOMMs), Modbus RTU backpanel
connections are typically made in manufacturing and extended to a terminal block or external panel
for convenient customer access. See 2.5 Customer Modbus RTU Connections.
The customer’s Ethernet cable is connected directly to the Monitor’s Ethernet port.
Jumper W1, W2 for
2-wire Modbus upstream
J2: Modbus RTU
Upstream
RJ12 Connection
(to PDU M4G Board)
J1: Modbus RTU
Upstream
Connection (except
PDU M4G Board)
J4: Modbus RTU
Downstream
RJ12 Connection
(to PDU M4G Board)
Ethernet Port
Jumper W3, W4 for
2-wire Modbus
downstream
J3: Modbus RTU
Downstream
Connection (except
PDU M4G Board)
Figure 4 Color Monitor Network Connections
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Color Monitor Networking________________________________________________________
2.2.1 Modbus RTU Ports
The Color Monitor has four (4) paralleled Modbus ports:
•
•
J1 and J3 are header/plug connections for connecting to most devices.
o J1 is the upstream port.
o J3 is the downstream port.
J2 and J4 accept standard RJ12 phone cable plugs for connection to an M4G PDU
board.
o J2 is the upstream port.
o J4 is the downstream port.
The Modbus RTU interface is isolated, and pin designations are given in Table 1:
Pin
J1, J3
J2 (for RJ12 plugs)
J4 (for RJ12 plugs)
1
Ground
Not used
Not used
2
RX-
RX-
TX-
3
RX+
TX-
RX-
4
TX-
RX+
TX+
5
TX+
TX+
RX+
6
NA
Ground
Ground
Table 1 Pin-Out for Modbus Headers
2.2.2 Modbus RTU 2-Wire vs. 4-Wire Configuration
PDI devices have two (2) jumpers near their Modbus ports for configuring 2-wire vs. 4-wire Modbus
RTU (see Figure 4). The Monitor’s 2-wire configuration jumpers are W1 and W2 (upstream) and W3
and W4 (downstream). Upstream and downstream chains can be differently configured.
For 2-wire configuration:
•
•
•
•
At least one device in a device chain must have both jumpers jumped on its Modbus
connection. If any device in the chain has jumpers installed for 2-wire, all of the device
chain is 2-wire. To avoid confusion when troubleshooting, all of the devices in the chain
should be jumped in the same way.
TX+ or RX+ on the Monitor (either one, because the on-board 2-wire jumpers short them
together) wires to TX+ or RX+ on downstream devices.
TX- or RX- on the Monitor wires to TX- or RX- on downstream devices.
The + and - signal wires should comprise of a (twisted) wire pair residing in the same
shield.
For 4-wire configuration:
•
•
•
•
•
All of these jumpers must be removed from every device in the chain.
TX+ on the Monitor’s PCB or on the customer Building Management System (BMS) wires
to RX+ on a device PCB (see Figure 5).
TX- from the Monitor or BMS wires to RX- on device PCB (see Figure 5).
A second pair of wires connects the other pair of TX+ / RX+ & TX- / RX-.
The TX+ & TX- going to the RX+ & RX- should be in the same shield. Do not run the +'s
in one shield and the -'s in another. Doing so may lead to sporadic communication.
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
•
Run a dedicated ground wire with the signal wires and only ground the shield at one end.
Device 1
PDU Board
Color
Monitor
or BMS
RX+ 
RX- 
TX+
TX-




TX+
TXRX+
RX-
Devices 4/5
BCMS
Panelboards
Devices 2/3
BCMS PCB
Subfeeds


TX+
TX-


TX+
TX-
RX+
RX-


RX+
RX-
Figure 5 Color Monitor 4-wire Modbus Connections
2.3 Modbus RTU Cables
2.3.1 Cable Specification
RS485/RS422 cable length can be up to 4000 ft. if you use the proper cable:
•
•
•
The cable resistance should be ≤ 27 ohms/1000ft @ 1 kHz and the mutual capacitance
should be ≤ 14pf/ft @ 1 kHz.
4-wire cabling:
o RS422 is typically 4-wire.
o Use a shielded cable with two (2) twisted pairs and a shield/ground wire.
o The two transmit lines must be in one twisted pair and the two receive lines in the
other twisted pair.
2-wire cabling:
o RS485 is typically 2-wire and is slower than RS422.
o Use a shielded cable with one (1) twisted pair and a shield/ground wire.
2.3.2 Cable Biasing and Termination
PDI devices have soft biasing (27K pull-up and pull-down resistors) on the + and – transmit and
receive lines. Therefore, if the customer’s Master device allows for control, PDI recommends that the
user turn on biasing and turn off termination, which may “fight” the biasing. Biasing the Master
device’s lines is not critical because the Color Monitor is already biasing the lines. If termination is
needed because of an extremely long cable run, PDI recommends that a small capacitor be put in
series with the terminating resistor.
2.4 Ethernet Cables
The maximum length of Ethernet cable depends upon the customer’s choice of Ethernet cable.
2.5 Customer Modbus RTU Connections
When a Color Monitor is embedded in a PDI product (PDU, RPP, or JCOMM), the customer does not
typically wire Modbus RTU directly to the Monitor. Downstream Modbus RTU links are typically to
internal devices and are wired at the factory. The upstream Modbus RTU link is extended from the
Monitor to a customer connection port, which differs by unit.
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Color Monitor Networking________________________________________________________
2.5.1 Power Distribution Unit (PDU)
On PDI PDUs, customers make Modbus RTU connections to the PDU’s Contractor Board. Basic and
Enhanced Contractor Boards are shown (Figures 6, 7).
Modbus RTU
Upstream
Connection
Modbus RTU Downstream Connection to
internal PDU devices (usually wired at
factory).
Figure 6 Modbus RTU Connections: PDU Basic Contractor Board
Modbus RTU Upstream:
paralleled connectors
Modbus RTU Downstream:
usually wired at factory.
Figure 7 Modbus RTU Connections: PDU Enhanced Contractor Board
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
2.5.1 Remote Power Panel (RPP)
On PDI RPPs the Color
Monitor upstream
Modbus connection is
brought to a terminal
block for convenient
customer connection.
Downstream connections
are internal to the RPP
and are wired at the
factory.
Internal Label shows
Modbus RTU wiring.
Figure 8 Modbus RTU Customer Connection: RPP Upstream
2.5.1 JCOMM
When a JCOMM has a Color Monitor, the customer Modbus RTU connections are made to the
JCOMM Connections Panel on the left inside of the unit.
Modbus Out
Connector
TX+
TXRX+
RXCommon
Modbus Plug
Wiring 4-Wire
Modbus In
Connector
TX+
TXRX+
RXCommon
Modbus Plug
Wiring 2-Wire with
2-Wire Jumpers
JCOMM Connections
Panel
(Left Side of JCOMM)
Figure 9 JCOMM Modbus Connections
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Color Monitor Networking________________________________________________________
2.6 Modbus Addressing
Monitor’s Upstream Modbus Segment
Monitor’s Downstream Modbus Segment
RPP
To upstream
Modbus
master (BMS,
DCIM, etc.)
BCMS
PB1 PB2
1
30 = Monitor’s assigned upstream
address.
These addresses are visible from
the upstream Modbus master:
BCMS
30
2
PB3 PB4
3
4
Downstream Modbus addresses must be
assigned sequentially from 1.
30
31
32
33
34
Downstream Modbus addresses are adjusted by
the Monitor’s upstream address.
Figure 10 Modbus Addressing
Refer to Figure 10, “Modbus Addressing,” with the following bullet points:
•
The Monitor is a Modbus master to its downstream devices. The upstream Modbus
master cannot directly address these devices, but rather addresses them through the
Monitor. Upstream and downstream are separate Modbus segments.
•
The Monitor’s upstream address can be set to from 1 to 255, but you must leave enough
addressing capacity for downstream devices. The monitor will not respond to a command
sent to address 0. The address is set in Monitor Setup. See Section 3.2.3 “TCP/IP and
Modbus TCP/IP Setup.”
•
The Monitor’s downstream devices must be assigned consecutive addresses starting at
address 1.
•
For upstream addressing these device addresses are remapped as successor addresses
to the Monitor. If the Monitor has upstream address 30, the downstream addresses 1, 2,
3, 4 are remapped to 31, 32, 33, 34 as seen from the BMS or other Modbus Master.
•
Modbus addressing is the same for Modbus RTU and Modbus TCP/IP.
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
2.7 Communicating with the Monitor: Commands and Replies
2.7.1 Modbus Commands and Replies
Upstream Modbus on the Color Monitor supports three (3) Modbus commands only (with typical flag
and data values shown in hexadecimal) for communicating with the points lists of the Monitor or
devices in its chain:
1) Read Slave ID (command 11)
Sent Hex: 01 11 C0 2C
Reply Hex: 01 11 0D EA FE 52 50 50 20 44 69 73 70 6C 61 79 A3 A6
2) Read Multiple Holding Registers (command 3)
Sent Hex: 01 03 00 00 00 01 84 0A
Reply Hex: 01 03 02 00 00 B8 44
3) Write to a Single Register (command 6)
Sent Hex: 01 06 00 00 00 00 89 CA
Reply Hex: 01 06 00 00 00 00 89 CA
It is important to carefully verify early in system bring-up that the registers you are addressing are the
correct ones. In a points list or Modbus register map, the first analog channel is numbered 1 but is
accessed in software with an index value of 0. Consequently, it is common for a system to be one
register off. Because adjacent registers often have similar readings, being one register off is not
necessarily apparent.
Most analog values are 2-byte integers representing a measured parameter such as input voltage or
current. KWH uses two (2) adjacent 2-byte integers. Some parameters require scaling and are so
noted in the points list.
2.7.2 Limit on Open Sockets
When using Modbus TCP/IP, the Color Monitor can have at most five (5) sockets open at any one
time.
2.7.3 SNMP Commands
Only SNMP version 1 is supported.
The following commands are supported and are typical for the product:
•
•
•
snmpget
snmpgetnext
snmpset
See the MIB file for specifics. The MIB can be downloaded from the PDI website. Reference the
Bibliography in this manual.
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Color Monitor Networking________________________________________________________
3 Setup: Monitor and Network
You set configuration parameters and other information for the Color Monitor in three ways:
•
•
•
The SETUP screen has system parameters, such as banner name, password, and
network addresses.
Device SETTINGS screens let you set device names, specific device configurations, and
software versions for each BCMS device in the Monitor’s chain. (See Chapter 4, Device
Chain: Settings.)
The SOFTWARE VERSIONS screen lets you add the model information for the unit
mounting the Color Monitor.
3.1 SETUP: Miscellaneous Parameters
Touch SETUP to display buttons for several configuration items (Figure 11).
A password is required to access and change setup parameters. Enter the password (default is
“PDI”). The user can navigate through any of the screens and come back to SETUP without having to
re-enter the password for 10 minutes. Touch PASSWORD to change to a new password.
See 3.2 Network Setup.
Touch buttons in the initial SETUP
screen to link to miscellaneous setup
functions:
PASSWORD: Keyboard appears, enter
password, then type new password.
HORN DISABLED: Toggle Monitor’s
audible alarm to ENABLED/DISABLED.
BANNER: Banner setup (here shown
as “PDI DISPLAY”) is on same screen
as Modbus setup (Figure 7).
TIME & DATE: Set time and date; used
on HOME screen and alarm
timestamps.
CALIBRATE GUI: See next figure.
Figure 11 SETUP Screen
CALIBRATE GUI: Color Monitors
are calibrated at the factory and
should not need calibration in the
field. However, if necessary, touch
CALIBRATE GUI and follow onscreen instructions, as shown at
left.
Figure 12 Calibrating the Touchscreen
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
3.2 Network Setup
Note: Improper configuration of a WaveStar Color Monitor may conflict with other monitors or
devices on the network.
3.2.1 Downstream Modbus Device Chain Setup
To set Modbus device chain parameters, touch DEVICES/MODBUS (Figure 13):
•
•
•
Number of Devices should equal the number of devices in the Monitor’s device chain.
Up to twenty (20) devices are allowed. The Monitor uses this number to determine how
many devices to search for in its downstream chain.
When you add new devices, increment this counter, then press “ENTER”. The Monitor
will automatically start a new search and find all of the downstream devices. The devices
will then be listed in the DEVICES Screen, where the added devices will initially show up
as generic device names.
For each new device the user should then enter a unique device name. Unique device
names are needed to isolate alarms and measurements to specific devices.
On SETUP screen, touch DEVICES/MODBUS.
The DEVICES/MODBUS screen defines the Modbus
network and device chain as well as set the banner
name for the header.
Modbus Device Chain:
Banner Name displayed on top line.
Number of Devices should equal
number of devices connected in
Monitor’s downstream device chain.
Upstream Modbus:
Address of Monitor on upstream side
Baud rate (9600/19200/38400)
Parity (even/odd/none)
Downstream Modbus Network
characteristics are fixed and cannot
currently be modified.
Figure 13 Modbus RTU Setup
3.2.2 Modbus RTU Setup
Downstream Modbus settings cannot be changed.
Upstream Modbus provides network characteristics on the upstream side of the Monitor.
•
Address is the address that the upstream Modbus master, such as the Building
Management System (BMS), uses to address the Monitor. The downstream device
addresses are incremented sequentially from this address. So if the Monitor has address
20, the next three devices will appear 21, 22, and 23 to the upstream master device. (See
Figure 9, “Modbus Addressing”.)
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Color Monitor Networking________________________________________________________
•
Upstream Modbus settings for Baud rate and Parity must match those for the upstream
Modbus master.
3.2.3 TCP/IP and Modbus TCP/IP Setup
For TCP/IP, the customer must provide an Ethernet cable connected to the Ethernet port (RJ45
header J11) on the Monitor. (See Figure 4, “Color Monitor Network Connections”.)
On the SETUP screen, touch NETWORK/SNMP to display the network parameters for TCP/IP
(Figures 11, 14)).
The following must be specified for Modbus TCP/IP:
o
o
o
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Gateway
Each connected monitor must be assigned a unique address. DHCP is not supported.
Touch RESTART WITH NEW SETTINGS if any parameter is changed on this screen. The processor
will reboot and search the network for connections.
TCP/IP Setup: Set for TCP/IP,
Modbus TCP/IP, and SNMP
Set for SNMP
Figure 14 Modbus TCP/IP and SNMP Setup
3.2.4 SNMP Setup
To use SNMP, the customer must connect an Ethernet link to the RJ45 header J11 (see Figure 4) on
the Monitor using a standard Ethernet cable.
For SNMP setup, on the SETUP screen, touch NETWORK/SNMP to display the network parameters
for SNMP (Figures 11, 14).
In addition to the TCP/IP specification, the following must be specified for SNMP:
•
•
Specify the Trap Server IP address
Toggle ENABLED/DISABLED for the trap server.
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
•
•
•
Touch SEND TEST TRAP to verify operation.
Get Community security string for Get operations.
Set Community security string for Set operations.
Touch RESTART WITH NEW SETTINGS if any parameter is changed on this screen. The processor
will reboot and search the network for connections.
3.2.5 Loading INI Parameters from an SD Card
Touching Load INI loads configuration parameters from an SD card inserted into the Monitor. This
function makes it easy to initialize a set of Monitors using common parameters. It is intended for
manufacturing and service use.
3.3 Software Versions
On HOME screen, touch the SOFTWARE
VERSIONS button to display a scrollable list of
versions levels for the Monitor and devices in its
device chain.
MODEL is intended as a customerspecifiable ID identifying the unit in which
the Monitor is installed, such as “PDU 182”.
Touch MODEL to enter the model number:
Color Monitor (Display) software
VERSION number, from onboard
software
A keyboard appears requesting the
password (Enter “VNUP”).
If password is accepted, a second
keyboard appears asking you to enter the
model number.
Device version numbers are customer-specifiable
IDs, intended as device software version numbers.
Specify these in the VERSION field of
DEVICESDEVICESETTINGS screen.
(See Chapter 3, Device Chain: Settings.)
Figure 15 Model Information
The SOFTWARE VERSIONS list (Figure 15) lists information about software levels for the Monitor
and its device chain and a customer-specified model number for the unit in which the Monitor is
installed, such as a PDU or RPP. The list has no configuration use: it does not have parameters that
determine Monitor operation.
•
MODEL number: Touch MODEL and enter model number with the pop-up keyboard.
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Color Monitor Networking________________________________________________________
•
•
Display Version Number is given by the Monitor’s onboard software.
Device Version Numbers are entered in device setup: Go to DEVICES screen, select
device, select VERSION field, and enter data.
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
4 Device Chain: Settings
A “device” is a points list (or Modbus register map) representing a physical monitored entity, such as a
panelboard. Each points list instance has a single Modbus address.
A single PCB can have multiple devices with their own Modbus addresses. A BCMS Data Acquisition
Board, for example, can have two panelboard devices plus a small two-subfeed device, or up to three
Modbus addresses.
A device may also encompass more than one PCB. A PDU device with a single Modbus address
represents both a PDU M4G board and a PDU contractor board.
Points lists are loaded onto PCBs during manufacturing.
4.1 Initial Device Chain
Upon initial power-on, the Monitor searches its Modbus device chain for devices up to the device
count given in SETUP. The DEVICES screen lists all devices in the Monitor’s downstream chain
(Figure 16). Each device in the Monitor’s device chain has
•
•
•
a unique Modbus address,
a device type that is identified by its Modbus slave ID, and
its own points list (Modbus register map).
In the DEVICES screen device list, the Monitor displays the devices it finds in order of discovery using
these device types and default generic names:
1. PDU (Power Distribution Unit) with PDU transformer measurements and contractor board
alarms and relays
2. BCMS ESF (BCMS Enhanced Subfeeds) for large PDU subfeeds (e.g., 250A)
3. BCMS (BCMS Normal panelboard points list), which lets you customize alarm settings for
individual circuits)
4. BCMS KWH (BCMS KWH panelboard points list), which provides power usage
measurements for individual panelboard circuits
5. BCMS CB, a small points list, associated with BCMS Normal or KWH points lists, with current
measurements for two subfeeds from a PDU or RPP.
6. BCMS IEC, a points list similar to BCMS KWH, for IEC 36 or 72 circuit panelboards.
The initial device list shows the generic
device types discovered by the Monitor in
its device chain.
In this example, there is a PDU with two
BCMS-monitored panelboards and the
generic BCMS device name appears
twice.
Users should change these generic
device names to unique names, in device
SETTINGS, which is necessary to isolate
alarms to specific devices.
Figure 16 Initial Device List
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Device Chain: Settings ___________________________________________________________
The downstream devices should be addressed 1 to N where N is the number of devices, not to
exceed 20. See Figure 10, “Modbus Addressing”.
If devices are later added to the device chain,
•
•
the user’s administrator must increase the Modbus device count in SETUP, which causes
the Monitor to search its device chain to fill the increased device count; and
the Monitor will display the additional devices as generic device types, as in Figure 15,
until the administrator assigns them unique device names.
4.2 Device Settings
Each device has a SETTINGS screen for changing device name, software version, and device
configuration. These settings provide information to the Monitor in addition to each device’s own
internal setup.
Device settings will usually be entered by PDI manufacturing or service representatives, but can be
entered by customer administrators.
4.2.1 PDU Device Settings
PDU devices (Figure 17) have only two settings: device NAME and VERSION.
Touch PDU (generic name) in device list. Device
name turns blue when selected.
Touch SETTINGS to set device name or software
versions.
Set NAME:
•
•
•
•
•
Touch NAME field (“PDU” in this
example):
A keyboard appears.
User may be requested to enter
password (default is “PDI”).
Type in device name (up to 16
characters); touch ENTER.
Device Name is put in header
under banner and in DEVICES
screen device list.
Set VERSION:
•
•
•
•
Touch VERSION field.
A keyboard appears.
If requested, enter version
number update password
(“VNUP”) + touch ENTER.
Enter Version number for PDU
board + touch ENTER.
Figure 17 Settings: PDU Device
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
4.2.2 Enhanced Subfeeds Settings
BCMS Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) devices are for large PDU subfeeds to other PDUs and RPPs. A
single ESF Points List can monitor 1-14 subfeeds (Figure 18):
•
•
If CTs on installed on ABC-phases only, 14 subfeeds can be monitored.
If CTs are also installed on neutrals (ABCN), at most 10 subfeeds can be monitored.
Touch fields to change parameters:
NAME: Enter a unique device name (up to 16
characters); device name is propagated to header
and device list.
START: Number for first ESF Circuit Breakers, touch
to increment
# OF CBS for this ESF: Touch to increment; can be
from 1-14 subfeed circuit breakers if phases ABC
have CTs; can be 1-10 if ABCN have CTs.
BCMS notifies Color Monitor if neutrals have CTs.
Touch to set VERSION number for ESF board software. The
new VERSION number appears in the SOFTWARE
VERSIONS list.
Figure 18 Settings: Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF)
4.2.3 BCMS Normal and KWH Settings
BCMS panelboard devices—BCMS KWH and BCMS (Normal)—have the same settings. BCMS KW
and BCMS KWH are default names used in different software versions for the same points list, shown
in Figure 19.
You can set the device NAME and software VERSION with the pop-up keyboards. You may have to
enter a password first.
You can sequentially number panelboard circuits for up to eight (8) 42-circuit panelboards, allowing
measurement and alarm identification for all 336 circuits in an 8-panelboard PDU.
Standard panelboards are always laid out 1, 3, 5… 41 down the left side and 2, 4, 6… 42 down the
right side. Select ODD/EVEN to display them in this order or select STANDARD to display them as
consecutive numbers (1, 2, 3... 42) down left then down right side.
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Device Chain: Settings ___________________________________________________________
Select (touch) BCMS KWH device name in
DEVICES list. Device name turns blue when
selected.
NAME: Enter a unique device name (up to 16
characters); device name is propagated to header
and device list.
START: Number for first panelboard circuit, touch
to increment +42 to next panelboard. Up to eight
(8) PBs are allowed:
1 (1-42), 43 (43-84)… 295 (295-336).
NUMBERING: Toggle panelboard numbering
layout
•
STANDARD = Numbers increment in
numerical order (1, 2, 3… 42) down left side
first (1-21), then right side (22-42).
•
ODD/EVEN = List circuits as they are laid out
on panelboard, odd numbered circuits on left
side, even numbered circuits on right side
(such as 1, 3, 5, …, 41 on left side, and 2, 4, 6,
…, 42 on right side).
Touch to set VERSION number for BCMS software (requires Version Number
Update Password). The new VERSION number appears in the SOFTWARE
VERSIONS list.
Figure 19 Settings: BCMS Device
4.2.4 BCMS CB Subfeeds Settings
In addition to its panelboard distribution, an RPP can have a two-subfeed distribution with its own
points list. (These are not the same as the Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) points list which is for a
subfeed-type PDU.)
You can set only the device NAME and the software VERSION in BCMS CB SETTINGS (Figure 20).
Touch BCMS CB device name in DEVICES list. Device name
turns blue when selected.
Available Settings
Touch NAME box to bring up keyboard where you
can enter the Device NAME (up to 16 characters).
The device name is propagated to the header and
device list.
Device name should be unique, so that alarms can
be associated with a specific device.
Set version: Touch VERSION box to enter
software versions. Keyboard appears requesting
password and then requests that you enter the
version code (enter “VNUP”).
Figure 20 Settings: BCMS Subfeeds
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
A BCMS Data Acquisition Board—the physical BCMS PCB— can have three BCMS devices with their
own points lists:
•
•
•
Panelboard 1 points list, BCMS (Normal), BCMS KWH, or BCMS IEC
Panelboard 2 points list, using the type of points list as for Panelboard 1
Subfeed points list for two subfeed circuits (This short points list is described at the end of
the BCMS Normal and BCMS KWH points lists, but when used is a separate list with its
own Modbus address.)
Each BCMS device gets its own device entry in the Monitor’s device chain, its own points list, and its
own Modbus address.
4.2.5 BCMS IEC Settings
IEC panelboards with up to 72 individual circuits use the BCMS IEC points list. The initial generic
device type is BCMS IEC. Settings are only Device Name and Software Version.
Touch BCMS IEC device name in DEVICES list.
Device name turns blue when selected.
Available Settings
Touch NAME box to bring up keyboard where you
can enter the Device NAME (up to 16 characters).
The device name is propagated to the header and
device list.
Device name should be unique, so that alarms can
be associated with a specific device.
Set version: Touch VERSION box to enter
software versions. Keyboard appears requesting
password and then requests that you enter the
version code (enter “VNUP”).
Figure 21 Settings: BCMS IEC
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Device Chain: Readings ___________________________________________________________
5 Device Chain: Readings
Each device in the Monitor’s device chain has a READINGS screen chain, providing power
monitoring information.
•
•
Select (touch) DEVICES to see the device list and then READINGS.
Use PREVIOUS/NEXT to step through the screen chain.
5.1 PDU Device Readings
READINGS from the PDU are power measurements at input to and output from the PDU transformer
(Figure 22).
Select (touch) PDU device name in the device list. Device
name turns blue when selected and device name displays
in header.
PDU is the default generic device name.
Users can change the device name in SETTINGS.
Touch READINGS to see PDU power monitoring data.
INPUT to the PDU transformer:
Voltage: AB BC CA
THD (total harmonic distortion):
AB BC CA
Frequency: in Hz
Current A B C (optional)
THD
A B C (optional)
Ground Current
OUTPUT from the PDU transformer:
Instantaneous measurements:
Voltage: AB BC CA AN BN CN
ABC(N) phase readings and totals:
Current
KW
KVA
KVAR
PF
Cumulative Measurement:
KWH
Touch Clear to set KWH to 0.
Figure 22 Readings: PDU
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
5.2 Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) Readings
Readings from an Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) device are typically power measurements and alarms
for high amperage PDU circuits that are subfeeds to other PDUs or RPPs (Figures 23-24).
Enhanced Subfeeds devices can monitor
•
Up to (14) 3-phase circuits (ABC)
•
Up to (10) 3-phase plus neutral circuits (ABCN)
Select (touch) ESF device name in the device list (PDU
in this list). Device name turns blue when selected and
device name appears in header.
BCMS ESF is the default generic device name.
Users can change the device name in SETTINGS.
Touch READINGS to see the first screen of ESF power
monitoring data.
NO: Circuits are numbered 1-14 and
broken out by phase (1A, 1B, 1C).
Instantaneous measurements:
•
AMPS
•
KW
•
KVA
•
KVAR
•
PF Power factor per phase
Cumulative measurements:
•
KWH (KWH can be reset to 0 on
the third READINGS screen.)
If neutrals are also monitored:
•
Only 10 circuits total can be
monitored with this ESF device.
•
There is an extra line for each
neutral circuit (shown at left).
Figure 23 Readings: Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) (Part 1)
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Device Chain: Readings ___________________________________________________________
NO: Subfeed circuit by number and
phase
Instantaneous measurements by
phase:
% LOAD: %Load is a percent of the
Full Load amperage for this breaker;
“Full Load” is a user-specified percent
of breaker size, given in Modbus
register 494 (“Full Load Percentage”)
in the ESF Points List.
CREST FACTOR: Peak current/RMS
current
%THD: Total Harmonic Distortion as
percent
Measurements and alarms:
NO::Circuit by number and phase
AMPS: Instantaneous current in
Amperes (A)
CB: Circuit breaker rating (A)
MIN: Minimum current read (A) after
first registering a minimum current
MAX: Maximum current read (A)
ZERO: OK = Current has not read 0
after registering a current; ACTIVE =
Current has read 0 after registering a
current.
WARNING: OK = No warnings
outstanding for this circuit; ACTIVE =
warning outstanding.
ALARM: OK = No warnings
outstanding for this circuit; ACTIVE =
alarm outstanding
Instantaneous measurements:
Voltage
Frequency
Figure 24 Readings: Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) (Part 2)
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
5.3 BCMS (Normal) Panelboard Readings
Select BCMS device name in list (BCMS in this list). Device
name turns blue when selected and device name displays in
header.
Touch READINGS to see BCMS power monitoring data.
Measurements and Alarms, individual
panelboard circuits (42 circuits):
NO = Circuit Number
AMPS = Amperes
CB = Circuit breaker rating (Amps)
MIN = Lowest current read
MAX = Highest current read
ZERO: OK = Current has not dropped to 0
since last reset; ACTIVE = Current has
read 0 after having read a minimum current
WARNING: OK = No warning outstanding;
ACTIVE = warning outstanding
ALARM: OK = No alarm outstanding;
ACTIVE = Alarm is outstanding
Panelboard totals, using main feeds or
BCMS computed measurements:
PB Amps: Total panelboard
measurements, phases ABCNG
% Load: Percent of maximum PB load as
specified by user in points list
Both PBs: Sum of phase ABCN
measurements for both panelboards (not
available if PBs operate at different
voltages)
Frequency: Measurement in Hz
Panelboard instantaneous readings:
Voltage AB, BC, etc., to panelboard with
THD (Total Harmonic Distortion %) by
phase:
Line 1 = voltage source 1
Line 2 = voltage source 2, if present
Panelboard power measurements by
phases ABC and total:
KW
KVA
KVAR
PF
Panelboard cumulative reading:
KWH panelboard total
Clear = Reset KWH to 0.
Figure 25 Readings: BCMS (Normal)
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Device Chain: Readings ___________________________________________________________
BCMS Normal points list allows customization of thresholds and alarm level for each individual circuit,
which is done in BCMS setup, not in the Color Monitor. KWH Power measurements are available only
for panelboard totals. See Figure 25, “Readings: BCMS Normal”.
5.4 BCMS KWH Readings
Compared to BCMS Normal, BCMS KWH panelboard devices have one additional screen showing
power measurements (KWH, etc.) for individual circuits. The first screen in the device’s chain provides
KW, KVA, KVAR, and power factor readings for each panelboard circuit (Figure 26-27).
Select the device name. The device name will
highlight in blue.
Users can change the device name in SETTINGS.
Select READINGS to display panelboard power
data.
Scroll among READINGS pages using
PREVIOUS/NEXT buttons.
Panelboard Circuits instantaneous
Readings:
NO = circuit number (scroll through 42
circuits)
AMPS = Amperes
KW = Kilowatts
KVA = kilovolt-amperes
KVAR = kilovolt-amperes reactive
PF = power factor
Panelboard Circuits, Measurements
and Alarms:
NO = Circuit Number
AMPS = Amperes
CB = Circuit breaker rating (Amps)
MIN = Lowest current read
MAX = Highest current read
ZERO: OK = Current has not dropped to
0 since last reset; ACTIVE = Current has
read 0 after having read a minimum
current
WARNING: OK = No warning
outstanding; ACTIVE = warning
outstanding
ALARM: OK = No alarm outstanding;
ACTIVE = Alarm is outstanding
Figure 26 Readings: BCMS KWH (Part 1)
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
Panelboard instantaneous readings:
Voltage AB, BC, etc., to panelboard with THD
(Total Harmonic Distortion %) by phase:
Line 1 = voltage source 1
Line 2 = voltage source 2, if present
Panelboard power measurements by phases
ABC and total:
KW
KVA
KVAR
PF
Panelboard cumulative reading:
KWH to panelboard as whole
Clear = Reset KWH to 0.
Panelboard totals, instantaneous readings,
using main feed or BCMS computed
measurements:
PB Amps: Total panelboard measurements,
phases ABCNG
% Load: Percent of maximum PB load as
specified by user in points list
Both PBs: Sum of phase ABCN
measurements for both panelboards (not
available if PBs operate at different voltages)
Frequency: Measurement in Hz
Figure 27 Readings: BCMS KWH (Part 2)
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Device Chain: Readings ___________________________________________________________
5.5 BCMS CB (Subfeeds) Readings
The short BCMS CB (Subfeeds) points list is associated with panelboard BCMS Normal or KWH
points lists and provides current readings for two subfeeds (Figure 28). It is typically used with an
RPP, which can have subfeeds to other power distribution equipment in addition to its panelboards. It
is not used with large subfeed PDUs, which use the Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) points list.
A BCMS Data Acquisition PCB can have three Modbus addresses: two panelboards with BCMS
Normal or KWH points list and a third BCMS CB subfeeds points list.
Touch BCMS Subfeeds generic device name in the device name list
(BCMS CB in this case). Device name turns blue when selected and
device name displays in header.
Touch READINGS to see BCMS Subfeeds power monitoring data.
The BCMS CB device for panelboard
subfeeds has current readings for one or
two subfeeds:
•
Current, phases ABCNG
•
Maximum current, phases ABC
Points list options let you choose monitoring
for
•
Sub-distribution feeds 1 and/or 2
•
Phases ABC
•
Neutral (optional)
Ground (optional)
In this example, subfeeds 1 and 2 are
monitored for phases ABC, but not NG.
Figure 28 Readings: BCMS CB (Two Subfeeds)
5.6 BCMS IEC Readings
BCMS IEC panelboards have three readings screens (Figure 29). For panelboard 1, individual circuits
are numbered 1L1 to 1L72. Panelboard circuits are numbered sequentially down the left side (1L11L36) and then down the right side (1L37-1L72).
BCMS IEC points list does not have the BCMS CB subfeeds option.
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
Touch BCMS IEC device name in the device name list.
Device name turns blue when selected and device name
displays in header. (Device name can be changed in
SETTINGS.)
Touch READINGS to see BCMS IEC panelboard power
monitoring data in three screens.
Panelboard Individual Circuits
Instantaneous Measurements:
NO = circuit number (scroll through 42 circuits)
AMPS = Amperes
KW = Kilowatts
KVA = kilovolt-amperes
KVAR = kilovolt-amperes reactive
PF = power factor
KWH = Kilowatt Hours
Panelboard Circuits, Measurements and
Alarms:
NO = Circuit Number
AMPS = Amperes
CB = Circuit breaker rating (Amps)
MIN = Lowest current read
MAX = Highest current read
ZERO: OK = Current has not dropped to 0
since last reset; ACTIVE = Current has read 0
after having read a minimum current
WARNING: OK = No warning outstanding;
ACTIVE = warning outstanding
ALARM: OK = No alarm outstanding; ACTIVE
= Alarm is outstanding
Panelboard totals, instantaneous
measurements:
Voltage AB, BC, etc., to panelboard with THD
(Total Harmonic Distortion %) by phase:
Voltage source
Frequency
Panelboard totals instantaneous power
measurements by phases ABC and total:
KW
KVA
KVAR
PF
Panelboard cumulative reading:
KWH to panelboard as whole
Clear = Reset KWH to 0.
Figure 29 Readings: BCMS IEC Panelboard
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Alarms and Troubleshooting_________________________________________________________
6 Alarms and Troubleshooting
The Color Monitor displays alarms and warnings for all devices in the Monitor’s device chain. The
Monitor reads the alarms and warnings from the points list (Modbus register map) of each device.
6.1 Summary Alarm Indicators
The Color Monitor indicates that there are extant alarms with three general indicators:
•
The summary count of warnings and alarms for the Monitor’s entire device chain is shown
on every screen (Figure 30).
When there are no alarms or warnings, a green check
mark is displayed.
When alarms are present on any device, a red and yellow
icon is displayed with the alarm and warning counts.
Figure 30 Alarm and Warning Summary Status Icons
•
•
There is also a light under the screen that glows green if none of the devices in the
Monitor’s chain has warnings or alarms and red if there are outstanding warnings or
alarms (See Figure 1).
In addition, the Monitor has a dry contact (NO) connection on the backpanel that signals a
summary alarm whenever any alarm is present in the Monitor’s device chain (See Monitor
backpanel, Figure 38).
6.2 Alarm Screen and Alarm List
On any screen, touch the ALARM button to show the ALARM screen.
The ALARM Screen (Figure 31) lists all outstanding warning and alarms by device name with a datetime stamp in a scrollable list. If no alarms are outstanding, there will be only one line, “No Alarms”.
The warning or alarm gives the device name and locates the device component that is the alarm
source. For example, for a BCMS panelboard device, the alarm may be located to
•
•
•
the panelboard, such as “Over Current PB”, or
the main voltage feed to the panelboard, such as “Over Volt Main,” or
the individual panelboard circuit, such as “CB 19 Zero Current”.
To further investigate individual circuits in warning/alarm state (Figure 32):
1. Note the device name and the warning/alarm.
2. Touch the DEVICES button to show the device list.
3. In the device list, scroll to the device name that has the warning/alarm. Touch the device
name to show the device’s circuit list.
4. Step through the device’s screen chain with PREVIOUS/NEXT to find the ALARM heading.
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
5. Scroll within the circuit list on the first device screen to find circuit or other component in
warning/alarm. An alarm may apply to a circuit or to the entire device, such as “Under Current
PB.”
Touching CLEAR ALL clears
all outstanding warnings and
alarms on screen and resets
corresponding Modbus
registers in the device points
list. It takes several seconds
for alarms to clear.
If a warning/alarm condition
remains outstanding, the
warning/alarm will remain on
the ALARM screen.
Device Name
BCMS KW = device (generic panelboard
device with KWH points list).
Device Name should be changed from
generic name to user-specified name on
the device’s SETTINGS screen.
Alarm or Warning Name
“Under Volt Main” locates
the problem to the main
voltage source to the
panelboard.
Touching SILENCE
HORN silences the Color
Monitor’s audible alarm,
which sounds when an
alarm is issued.
Figure 31 ALARM Screen with an Alarm List
Touch DEVICES button to display the device list.
Find the Device Name noted in the alarm in the
device list.
Touch the Device Name to display its screen chain.
Step through the device’s screen
chain (using NEXT) to find the
screen with the ALARM column.
Scroll through the device’s circuits to
find the component in alarm. (Alarm
shows as ACTIVE under ZERO,
WARNING, or ALARM.)
Review information for that circuit on
all of the device’s screens.
Figure 32 Find the Circuits in an Alarm Condition
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Alarms and Troubleshooting_________________________________________________________
6.3 Alarms by Device Type
Each device has its own alarm set based on its points list. Warnings and alarms that can be viewed
on the Monitor are listed below. The Monitor does not display setpoints from the points lists, such as
alarm thresholds.
6.3.1 Color Monitor Alarms
DISPLAY Comm. N Error (N is device number from 1-20): Communication error with one of the
devices in the Monitor’s downstream device chain
Alarm
Alarm Description
DISPLAY Comm. N
Error (N is device
number from 1-20):
Communication error with one of the devices in the Monitor’s
downstream device chain
6.3.2 PDU Alarms
General PDU Alarms
Warning or Alarm
Alarm Description
EPO
Emergency Power Off on PDU has been engaged. When EPO button is
pushed, the alarm is activated and the unit’s main input circuit breaker
will then be shunt-tripped off line.
Remote EPO
Remote EPO on PDU can be activated in by closing the contacts on the
contractor board. When Remote EPO button is activated, the alarm is
activated and the unit’s main input circuit breaker will then be shunttripped off line.
Thermal Overtemp
Stage 1 transformer temperature alarm: 180⁰F or higher temperature
registered in the transformer windings.
Thermal Hightemp
Stage 2, PDU shutdown on transformer temperature alarm by tripping
main PDU input circuit breaker when 195⁰F or higher temperature is
registered in the transformer windings. (Temperature threshold can vary
by transformer and PDU.)
Phase Rotation
Input phase rotation is incorrect.
S1-S2 Phase Angle
Dual input sources are not synchronized; cannot shutdown one source
and transfer load to the alternate source.
Ground Curr Trip
Ground current above preset level (10A) causes breaker trip (normally
disabled, enable as option).
Phase Rotation Trip
Incorrect phase rotation causes breaker trip (normally disabled, enable
as option).
Over Voltage Trip
Over voltage causes breaker trip (normally disabled, enable as option).
Under Voltage Trip
Under voltage causes breaker trip (normally disabled, enable as option).
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
PDU Transformer Input
Alarm
Alarm Description
NOTE: If the PDU is configured for dual inputs, “Input 1” or “Input 2” will prefix the alarm instead of
“Input.”
Input Voltage AB High
Input voltage AB measures above threshold level in points list.
Input Voltage AB Low
Input voltage AB measures below threshold level in points list.
Input Voltage BC High
Input voltage BC measures above threshold level in points list.
Input Voltage BC Low
Input voltage BC measures below threshold level in points list.
Input Voltage CA High
Input voltage CA measures above threshold level in points list.
Input Voltage CA Low
Input voltage CA measures below threshold level in points list.
Input Frequency High
Input frequency measures above threshold level.
Input Frequency Low
Input frequency measures below threshold level.
Input Current A High
Input current phase A measures above threshold level (optional).
Input Current A Low
Input current phase A measures below threshold level (optional).
Input Current B High
Input current phase B measures above threshold level (optional).
Input Current B Low
Input current phase B measures below threshold level (optional).
Input Current C High
Input current phase C measures above threshold level (optional).
Input Current C Low
Input current phase C measures below threshold level (optional).
PDU Transformer Output
Alarm
Alarm Description
NOTE: If the PDU is configured for dual outputs, “Output 1” or “Output 2” will prefix alarm instead of
“Output.”
Output Voltage AB High
Output voltage AB measures above threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage AB Low
Output voltage AB measures below threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage BC High
Output voltage BC measures above threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage BC Low
Output voltage BC measures below threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage CA High
Output voltage CA measures above threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage CA Low
Output voltage CA measures below threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage AN High
Output voltage AN measures above threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage AN Low
Output voltage AN measures below threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage BN High
Output voltage BN measures above threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage BN Low
Output voltage BN measures below threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage CN High
Output voltage CN measures above threshold level in points list.
Output Voltage CN Low
Output voltage CN measures below threshold level in points list.
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Alarms and Troubleshooting_________________________________________________________
Alarm
Alarm Description
Output Current A High
Output current phase A measures above threshold level in points list.
Output Current A Low
Output current phase A measures below threshold level in points list.
Output Current B High
Output current phase B measures above threshold level in points list.
Output Current B Low
Output current phase B measures below threshold level in points list.
Output Current C High
Output current phase C measures above threshold level in points list.
Output Current C Low
Output current phase C measures below threshold level in points list.
Output KW A High
Output KW phase A measures above preset level.
Output KW B High
Output KW phase B measures above preset level.
Output KW C High
Output KW phase C measures above preset level.
Output KW Total High
Output KW total measures above threshold level in points list.
Output KVA A High
Output KVA phase A measures above preset level.
Output KVA B High
Output KVA phase B measures above preset level.
Output KVA C High
Output KVA phase C measures above preset level.
Output KVA Total High
Output KVA Total measures above preset level.
Neutral Current High
Neutral current measures above preset level.
Neutral Current Low
Neutral current measures below preset level.
Ground Current High
Ground current measures above preset level.
Ground Current Low
Ground current measures below preset level.
Contractor Board Alarms
Alarms
Alarm Description
Build N (N = 1-8)
Building alarms, customizable names up to 8 characters can be set in
software.
Digit N (N = 1-4)
Digital alarms, customizable names up to 8 characters can be set in
software.
6.3.3 Enhanced Subfeeds
Alarm
Alarm Description
CB N Zero Current
(N = 1-14)
Circuit N has lost current after previously measuring a minimum current.
CB N High Current
Warning (N = 1-14)
Circuit N has exceeded current warning threshold.
CB N High Current
Alarm (N = 1-14)
Circuit N has exceeded current alarm threshold.
Over Voltage
Over voltage measured to ESF board as specified in points list.
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
Alarm
Alarm Description
Under Voltage
Under voltage measured to ESF board as specified in points list.
6.3.4 BCMS Panelboard—Typical Alarms
Circuit Alarms
Alarm
Alarm Description
Note: The Color Monitor can number panelboard circuits sequentially for up to 336 circuits (8 x 42circuit panelboards) as specified in device setup. Circuit alarms are identified by this number.
CB N Zero Current (N =
1-336)
Circuit N has lost current after measuring a minimum current.
CB N High Current
Warning (N = 1-336)
Circuit N exceeds high current warning threshold.
CB N High Current
Alarm (N = 1-336)
Circuit N exceeds high current alarm threshold.
Panelboard Alarms
Alarm
Alarm Description
Over Current PB
Current feeding one panelboard is above alarm threshold.
Under Current PB
Current feeding one panelboard is below alarm threshold.
Over Curr both PBs
A common circuit feeding both panelboards is over alarm threshold.
Under Curr both PBs
A common circuit feeding both panelboards is under alarm threshold.
Over Volt Main
Over voltage measured on main voltage source to panelboard.
Under Volt Main
Under voltage measured on main voltage source to panelboard.
Over Volt Alt
Over voltage measured on alternate voltage source to panelboard.
Under Volt Alt
Under voltage measured on alternate voltage source to panelboard.
6.4 Troubleshooting
SYMPTOM
PROBABLE CAUSE
REMEDY
Touch Screen does not
respond to touch.
The object on the touch
screen was not touched long
enough.
The touch screen is set up so that an
object must be pushed firmly for a
moment. A quick “peck” with a finger or
stylus may not be registered.
Press RESET button on backpanel.
Main unit is not powered up.
Plug is not seated in J5 or J6
of the Monitor’s backpanel.
Backlight turned off.
Turn on or reset main circuit breaker to
the Monitor. Re-seat Monitor backpanel
power plugs J5 (120 VAC) or J6 (24
VDC). Touch the screen anywhere to
turn the backlight on.
Monitor hangs: Monitor is
locked up and there is no
response to touches.
No power to unit.
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Alarms and Troubleshooting_________________________________________________________
SYMPTOM
PROBABLE CAUSE
REMEDY
Monitor has
communication errors.
Open connection or lose wire
on the Modbus chain. Display
may not be properly setup.
Monitor is in Active alarm
state.
Red LED is solid and alarms
are listed under Active alarms.
Monitor displays “---“ or
65536.
The downstream device’s
options are not setup properly
or the downstream device is
reading an analog value that
is outside of its expected
range.
Check wiring. Refer to “Modbus” AND
“Setup” previously in this manual. Refer
to initial setup to setup downstream
units. Go to the Setup screen and press
RESTART WITH NEW SETTINGS to
force the display to search for
downstream devices.
Go to the Alarms Screen and press
“CLEAR ALL”. (It takes a few seconds to
clear all alarms.) If the Alarms persist,
check the downstream device.
Check the downstream device’s setup.
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
7 Web Pages
The Color Monitor has a web server that can display web pages if the Monitor has a functioning
TCP/IP connection. Touch Setup  Network/SNMP to see the IP Address used for the web server.
Enter the IP address into the address line of your browser, then “enter”, to display the start or Home
page.
Each web page has three buttons:
•
•
•
Click Home to return to Color Monitor Home page.
Click PDI to display the PDI web page.
Click Devices to display a list of all devices in the Color
Monitor’s downstream chain.
Figure 33 Web Pages: Home Page
A “device” is a points list or Modbus register map that corresponds to a physical device, such as a
panelboard. The following web pages show a PDU with an M4G acquisition board (M4GACK),
subfeeds monitored through the BCMS Enhanced Subfeeds points list, and a Color Monitor.
Click a device line to
bring up the web pages
for the device.
Device Status Summary:
-Green=OK, no alarms
-Yellow=Warning
-Red=Alarm
-Black=Alarms Not Applicable
PDU with Color Monitor:
Device 1 = Color Monitor
Device 2 = PDU Board (M4G)
Device 3 = Group of large PDU
subfeeds (Enhanced Subfeeds)
This list shows devices
that are in the Monitor’s
device chain.
Figure 34 Web Pages: Device Chain
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Web Pages______________________________________________________________________
The first device in the Devices list (Figure 34) is the Color Monitor itself, whose web page only shows
the number of devices in the Monitor’s device chain, firmware level, and a user-defined model ID
(Figure 35).
Figure 35 Web Pages: Display Device
The remaining devices have monitoring data.
Click the PDU device line brings up the PDU M4G acquisition board web page (M4GACK) (Figure
36).
Click Device 3 BCMS ESF in the Web Pages Device Chain (Figure 37) to see monitoring data for the
PDU’s subfeeds to its downstream devices.
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
No alarms for this device.
Device type: M4GACK = PDU Acquisition Board
Modbus address (downstream from Monitor) = 2
Device name = PDU
PDU board data is shown in series of tabbed
screens. Click tab to view screen.
Source 1 =
Input to
PDU
transformer
Output 1 =
Output from
PDU
transformer
Building Alarms are
customer-selected and
connected to PDU
Contractor Board.
Digital Alarms are
customer-selected and
connected to PDU
Contractor Board.
All data and alarm values
are mapped from the
PDU M4G board points
list.
See the points list for the
PDU M4G board for more
information.
Figure 36 Web Pages: PDU Board
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Web Pages______________________________________________________________________
Device type: BCMS ESF (subfeeds group)
Modbus address (downstream from Monitor) = 3
Device name = BCMS ESF
Subfeed data is shown in series of tabbed
screens. Click tab to view screen.
This device has
alarms and
warnings, see
bar chart.
Percent load of
circuit breaker
rating shown by
1P circuit.
70% Load is Warning level (yellow).
80% Load is Alarm level (red).
Status: Four (4)
Digital Alarms
NOTE: These web pages present data from the device points list.
See the Enhanced Subfeeds points list for more information.
Figure 37 Web Pages: Enhanced Subfeeds
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
Glossary
BCMS
Branch Circuit Monitoring System.
BCMS device
Power distribution elements monitored by a single points list (or Modbus register
map) and addressed by a single Modbus address. Example: a panelboard is a
BCMS device because it is monitored with one points list and has one Modbus
address. An acquisition board can monitor three BCMS devices—two
panelboards and one set of sub-distribution feeds.
BCMS IEC
BCMS points list for IEC format panelboards with 36 or 72 1P circuits.
BCMS Normal
Standard points list allowing individual circuits to be customized for warning and
alarm thresholds. KWH measurements are available at the panelboard level.
BCMS KWH
Points list specialized for power measurement at the individual circuit level.
Warnings and alarms thresholds are set the same for all panelboard circuits.
BCMS ESF
Enhanced Subfeeds Points list for large PDU subfeeds (e.g., 250A).
BCMS CB
Small points for measuring current in RPP subfeeds with CTs. When used, it has
its own Modbus address, but its description or mapping is contained in the BCMS
Normal and BCMS KWH points lists.
M4G
Points list for a PDU M4G data acquisition board and associated contractor
board.
BMS
Building management system.
Modbus RTU
An industrial communications protocol.
Modbus TCP/IP
Modbus protocol send over TCP/IP, which provides higher transmission speeds.
PDU
Power Distribution Unit.
points list
Modbus register map.
RPP
Remote Power Panel.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol.
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Appendix: Color Monitor Backpanel__________________________________________________
Bibliography
Points Lists
Points lists can be downloaded from the PDI website. Go to Service Software
Downloads:
https://www.pdicorp.com/services/service-software-downloads
For BCMS points lists, download BCMS II Customer CD Info, a zip file. Unzip the file
and open the directory \Points List for BCMS Version to find the following points
lists and use the latest revision given:
•
•
•
•
•
BCMS Normal panelboard points list is “BCMSII points list”.
BCMS KWH panelboard points list is “BCMSII plus points list Power KWH”.
BCMS CB points list for small RPP subfeeds is given at the end of the BCMS Normal
and BCMS KWH points lists.
BCMS Enhanced Subfeeds (ESF) points list, for large PDU subfeeds, is “BCMSII plus
points list Fourteen Sub”.
BCMS IEC panelboard points list (for IEC format panelboards with 36 or 72 1P circuits) is
“72 BCMSII plus points list Europe KWH”.
For PDU points lists, download the WaveStar® PDU Customer CD, a zip file. Unzip
the file and open the directory \Points List for WaveStar PDU & BCMS Version to
find these points lists and use the latest revision given:
•
•
PDU board points list is “M4G acquisition Points list”.
Other points lists are the same as on the BCMS II Customer CD.
Manuals for Selected Products using the Color Monitor
JCOMM Installation and Operation PM375100
PowerHub 2 Power Distribution Unit 300-750 kVA Installation and Operation
DOC15315
PowerPak 2 Power Distribution Unit Installation and Operation PM375116
PowerPak Power Distribution Unit 50-300 kVA Installation and Operation PM375118
Modular Compact Remote Power Panel Installation and Operation PM375115
The BCMS Hub can network with products having embedded Color Monitors:
WaveStar BCMS Hub Installation and Operation PM375108
Manuals can be downloaded from the product pages for the above products on the PDI
website:
https://www.pdicorp.com/products
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WaveStar Color Monitor_____________________________________________________________
Appendix: Color Monitor Backpanel
The Color Monitor backpanel has these connections:
•
•
•
Power connections: 120V AC, 230V AC, and 24VDC (230V is optional and requires a
different transformer.)
Modbus connections:
o Downstream (to Monitor device chain) is always 4-wire Modbus
o Upstream is 4-wire or 2-wire, jumper selected
Summary Alarm: Dry contact (NO) signals when the Monitor has an alarm condition. Dry
contact specification: 0.5A at 120VAC or 30VDC.
The backpanel also has a RESET button: If the Monitor hangs, you can reset it by pressing this
button.
Transformer (*Note: AC 230V is optional and requires a
different transformer.)
Summary alarm dry contact (NO)
RESET button
Modbus
Upstream
Connectors
Fuse
J5: AC
120V/
230V*
Input
J6:
24VDC
Input
J11 Ethernet port
Battery
Modbus
Downstream
Connectors
Figure 38 Color Monitor Backpanel
Replaceable parts:
•
Fuse: 200 mA, 250V; replace fuse with a UL recognized, IEC compliant fuse of the same
type.
•
Battery: Lithium ion, Panasonic-BSG (CR2477), 3V, 1 AH (PDI Part Number 15174)
Caution: The battery used in this device may present a risk of fire or chemical burn hazard if
mistreated. Do not recharge, disassemble, heat above 100°C (212°F) or incinerate. Replace
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Appendix: Color Monitor Backpanel__________________________________________________
battery with Panasonic-BSG (CR2477), 3V, 1 AH (PDI Part Number 15174) only. Use of
another battery may present a risk of fire or explosion.
Dispose of used battery promptly. Keep away from children. Do not disassemble and do not
depose of in fire.
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