User’s Manual
Version: 1.0
Wireless LAN Broadband Router
Trademarks
Copyright @2005
Contents are subject to change without notice.
All trademarks belong to their respective proprietors.
Copyright Statement
THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS OF PROPRIETARY TECHNICAL INFORMATION THAT IS THE PROPERTY OF
THIS COMPANY. AND NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENTATION MAY BE REPRODUCED, STORED IN A RETRIEVAL
SYSTEM OR TRANSMITTED IN ANY FORM OR BY ANY MEANS, ELECTRICAL OR MECHANICAL, BY
PHOTOCOPYING, RECORDING, OR OTHERWISE, WITHOUT THE PRIOR WRITTEN CONSENT OF THIS
COMPANY.
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of
the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference
to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to
try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
-
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device
may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void
the user's authority to operate this equipment.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This equipment
should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20cm between the radiator & your body.
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
USER’S MANUAL OF WLAN BROADBAND ROUTER
Version: 1.0
Table of Contents
REVISION HISTORY .....................................................................................................................I
TERMINOLOGY ........................................................................................................................... II
1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................... 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
2
INSTALLATION ..................................................................................................................... 5
2.1
2.2
3
PACKAGE CONTENTS ............................................................................................................ 1
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................... 1
PRODUCT FEATURES ............................................................................................................ 2
UPPER PANEL DESCRIPTION ................................................................................................. 3
REAR PANEL DESCRIPTION................................................................................................... 4
HARDWARE INSTALLATION .................................................................................................. 5
SOFTWARE INSTALLATION .................................................................................................... 5
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION ......................................................................................... 6
3.1
PREPARE YOUR PC TO CONFIGURE THE WLAN BROADBAND ROUTER ................................ 6
3.2
CONNECT TO THE WLAN BROADBAND ROUTER ................................................................. 8
3.3
MANAGEMENT AND CONFIGURATION ON THE WLAN BROADBAND ROUTER....................... 8
3.3.1
Status.......................................................................................................................... 8
3.3.2
Setup Wizard............................................................................................................ 10
I
Operation Mode ........................................................................................................... 10
II Time Zone Setting........................................................................................................ 11
III
LAN Interface Setup ................................................................................................ 11
IV
WAN Interface Setup ............................................................................................... 12
V Wireless Basic Settings................................................................................................ 12
VI
Wireless Security Setup ........................................................................................... 13
3.3.3
Operation Mode ....................................................................................................... 13
3.3.4
Wireless - Basic Settings.......................................................................................... 14
3.3.5
Wireless - Advanced Settings .................................................................................. 15
3.3.6
Wireless - Security Setup......................................................................................... 17
I
WEP Key Setup ........................................................................................................... 19
3.3.7
Wireless - Access Control ........................................................................................ 20
3.3.8
WDS Settings........................................................................................................... 21
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I
II
3.3.9
3.3.10
3.3.11
I
II
III
IV
3.3.12
3.3.13
3.3.14
3.3.15
3.3.16
3.3.17
3.3.18
I
II
3.3.19
3.3.20
3.3.21
3.3.22
3.3.23
3.3.24
3.3.25
3.3.26
3.3.27
4
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WDS Security Setup .................................................................................................... 22
WDS AP Table ............................................................................................................. 23
Site Survey ............................................................................................................... 24
LAN Interface Setup ................................................................................................ 24
WAN Interface Setup ............................................................................................... 26
Static IP........................................................................................................................ 26
DHCP Client ................................................................................................................ 28
PPPoE ...................................................................................................................... 29
PPTP ........................................................................................................................ 31
Firewall - Port Filtering ........................................................................................... 32
Firewall - IP Filtering............................................................................................... 33
Firewall - MAC Filtering ......................................................................................... 34
Firewall - Port Forwarding....................................................................................... 35
Firewall – URL Filtering.......................................................................................... 37
Firewall - DMZ ........................................................................................................ 38
VPN Setting ............................................................................................................. 38
VPN Setup - Edit Tunnel ............................................................................................. 40
Advanced IKE Setup.................................................................................................... 42
Management - Statistics........................................................................................... 43
Management - DDNS .............................................................................................. 44
Management - Time Zone Setting............................................................................ 45
Management – Denial-of-Service ............................................................................ 45
Management - Log................................................................................................... 46
Management - Upgrade Firmware ........................................................................... 47
Management Save/ Reload Settings......................................................................... 48
Management - Password Setup................................................................................ 49
Logout ...................................................................................................................... 49
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ).................................................................... 51
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
WHAT AND HOW TO FIND MY PC’S IP AND MAC ADDRESS?............................................... 51
WHAT IS WIRELESS LAN? ................................................................................................. 51
WHAT ARE ISM BANDS? .................................................................................................... 51
HOW DOES WIRELESS NETWORKING WORK?....................................................................... 51
WHAT IS BSSID? ............................................................................................................... 52
WHAT IS ESSID? ............................................................................................................... 52
4.7
WHAT ARE POTENTIAL FACTORS THAT MAY CAUSES INTERFERENCE? ................................. 53
4.8
WHAT ARE THE OPEN SYSTEM AND SHARED KEY AUTHENTICATIONS? .............................. 53
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4.9
WHAT IS WEP? .................................................................................................................. 53
4.10 WHAT IS FRAGMENT THRESHOLD?..................................................................................... 53
4.11 WHAT IS RTS (REQUEST TO SEND) THRESHOLD? .............................................................. 54
4.12 WHAT IS BEACON INTERVAL?............................................................................................. 54
4.13 WHAT IS PREAMBLE TYPE? ................................................................................................ 55
4.14 WHAT IS SSID BROADCAST? ............................................................................................. 55
4.15 WHAT IS WI-FI PROTECTED ACCESS (WPA)? .................................................................... 55
4.16 WHAT IS WPA2? ................................................................................................................ 56
4.17 WHAT IS 802.1X AUTHENTICATION? .................................................................................. 56
4.18 WHAT IS TEMPORAL KEY INTEGRITY PROTOCOL (TKIP)? ................................................. 56
4.19 WHAT IS ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD (AES)? ...................................................... 56
4.20 WHAT IS INTER-ACCESS POINT PROTOCOL (IAPP)?........................................................... 56
4.21 WHAT IS WIRELESS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM (WDS)?......................................................... 57
4.22 WHAT IS UNIVERSAL PLUG AND PLAY (UPNP)?................................................................. 57
4.23 WHAT IS MAXIMUM TRANSMISSION UNIT (MTU) SIZE?.................................................... 57
4.24 WHAT IS CLONE MAC ADDRESS?...................................................................................... 57
4.25 WHAT IS DDNS?................................................................................................................ 57
4.26 WHAT IS NTP CLIENT? ...................................................................................................... 57
4.27 WHAT IS VPN?................................................................................................................... 57
4.28 WHAT IS IPSEC?................................................................................................................ 58
5.1 EXAMPLE ONE – PPPOE ON THE WAN ................................................................................... 59
5.2 EXAMPLE TWO – FIXED IP ON THE WAN ................................................................................ 61
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Version: 1.0
Revision History
DATE
REVISION OF USER’S MANUAL
2006/5/19
First release (Version 1.0)
FIRMWARE
(g/v)1.4.1
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Version: 1.0
Terminology
3DES
Triple Data Encryption Standard
AES
Advanced Encryption Standard
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
AP
Access Point
CCK
Complementary Code Keying
CSMA/CA
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/ Collision Avoidance
CSMA/CD
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/ Collision Detection
DDNS
Dynamic Domain Name Server
DH
Diffie-Hellman Algorithm
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DSSS
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
EAP
Extensible Authentication Protocol
ESP
Encapsulating Security Payload
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IKE
Internet Key Exchange
IP
Internet Protocol
ISM
Industrial, Scientific and Medical
LAN
Local Area Network
MAC
Media Access Control
MD5
Message Digest 5
NAT
Network Address Translation
NT
Network Termination
NTP
Network Time Protocol
PPTP
Point to Point Tunneling Protocol
PSD
Power Spectral Density
RF
Radio Frequency
SHA1
Secure Hash Algorithm
SNR
Signal to Noise Ratio
SSID
Service Set Identification
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
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USER’S MANUAL OF WLAN BROADBAND ROUTER
TKIP
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol
UPNP
Universal Plug and Play
VPN
Virtual Private Network
WDS
Wireless Distribution System
WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy
WLAN
Wireless Local Area Network
WPA
Wi-Fi Protected Access
Version: 1.0
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USER’S MANUAL OF WLAN BROADBAND ROUTER
Version: 1.0
1 Introduction
The Wireless LAN Broadband Router is an affordable IEEE 802.11b/g wireless LAN
broadband router solution; setting SOHO and enterprise standard for high performance, secure,
manageable and reliable WLAN.
This document describes the steps required for the initial IP address assign and other WLAN
router configuration. The description includes the implementation of the above steps.
1.1 Package contents
The package of the WLAN Broadband Router includes the following items,
9 The WLAN Broadband Router
9 The AC to DC power adapter
9 The Documentation CD
1.2 Product Specifications
Product Name
WLAN Broadband Router
Standard
802.11b/g(Wireless), 802.3(10BaseT), 802.3u(100BaseT)
Data Transfer Rate
54Mbps(Wireless), 100Mbps(Ethernet)
Modulation Method
CCK(802.11b), OFDM(802.11g)
Frequency Band
2.4GHz – 2.497GJz ISM Band, DSSS
RF Output Power
CCK< 17 dBm, OFDM< 13.5 dBm
Receiver Sensitivity
802.11b -80 dBm@8%, 802.11g -68 dBm@5%
Operation Range
30 to 280 meters (depend on surrounding)
Antenna
External Antenna
LED
Power, Active (WLAN/Ethernet)
Security
64 bit/ 128 bit WEP, WPA, WPA2, port filtering, IP filtering,
MAC filtering, port forwarding and DMZ hosting
LAN interface
One 10/100BaseT with RJ45 connector (WAN)
Four 10/100BaseT with RJ45 connectors (LAN)
Power Consumption
7.5V DC Power Adapter
Operating Temperature
0 ~ 50oC ambient temperature
Storage Temperature
-20 ~ 70oC ambient temperature
Humidity
5 to 90 % maximum (non-condensing)
Dimension
118 x 95 x 25 mm
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1.3 Product Features
Generic Router
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
¾
Complies with IEEE 802.11b/g standard for 2.4GHz Wireless LAN.
Supports multi-operation (bridge/gateway/WISP) modes between wireless and
wired Ethernet interfaces.
Supports 64-bit and 128-bit WEP, WPA, WPA2 encryption/decryption function to
protect the wireless data transmission.
Supports IEEE 802.1x Authentication.
Support Wi-Fi Protected Access Authentication with Radius and Pre-Shared Key
mode.
Supports Inter-Access Point Protocol (IAPP).
Supports Wireless Distribution System (WDS).
Supports IEEE 802.3x full duplex flow control on 10/100M Ethernet interface.
Supports DHCP server to provide clients auto IP addresses assignment.
Supports DHCP client for WAN interface auto IP address assignment from ISP.
Supports PPPoE on WAN interface.
Supports PPTP Client on Ethernet WAN interface.
Supports clone MAC address function.
Supports firewall security with port filtering, IP filtering, MAC filtering, port
forwarding, trigger port, DMZ hosting and URL filtering functions.
Supports WEB based management and configuration.
Supports UPnP for automatic Internet access.
Supports Dynamic DNS service.
Supports NTP client service.
Supports Log table and remote Log service.
Support Setup Wizard mode.
Support DoS (Denial of Service) function.
VPN Router
¾
¾
Supports Virtual Private Network (VPN) connection.
Supports IPSEC tunnel encryption(3DES/AES128) and authentication(MD5/SHA1)
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1.4 Upper Panel Description
Power LED
WLAN LED
LAN LED
WAN LED
Figure 1 –WLAN Broadband Router Upper Panel
LED Indicator
State
1. Power LED
On
The WLAN Broadband Router is powered on.
Off
The WLAN Broadband Router is powered off.
2. WLAN LED
Flashing
Off
3. LAN LED
ACT
4. WAN LED
ACT
Flashing
Description
Data is transmitting or receiving on the
antenna.
No data is transmitting or receiving on the
antenna.
Data is transmitting or receiving on the LAN
interface.
On
Port linked.
Off
No link.
Flashing
Data is transmitting or receiving on the WAN
interface.
On
Port linked.
Off
No link.
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1.5 Rear Panel Description
Antenna
Power
LAN
WAN Reset
Figure 2 – WLAN Broadband Router Rear Panel
Interfaces
Description
1. Antenna
(Fixed / SMA)
The Wireless LAN Antenna.
2. Power
The power jack allows an external DC +7.5 V power supply
connection.
The external AC to DC adaptor provide adaptive power
requirement to the WLAN Broadband Router.
3. LAN
The RJ-45 sockets allow LAN connection through Category 5
cables. Support auto-sensing on 10/100M speed and half/ full
duplex; comply with IEEE 802.3/ 802.3u respectively.
4. WAN
The RJ-45 socket allows WAN connection through a Category
5 cable. Support auto-sensing on 10/100M speed and half/ full
duplex; comply with IEEE 802.3/ 802.3u respectively.
5. Reset
Push continually the reset button 5 ~ 10 seconds to reset the
configuration parameters to factory defaults.
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2 Installation
2.1 Hardware Installation
Step 1: Place the Wireless LAN Broadband Router to the best optimum transmission
location. The best transmission location for your WLAN Broadband Router is
usually at the geographic center of your wireless network, with line of sign to all
of your mobile stations.
Step 2: Connect the WLAN Broadband Router to your wired network. Connect the
Ethernet WAN interface of WLAN Broadband Router by category 5 Ethernet
cable to your switch/ hub/ xDSL modem or cable modem. A straight-through
Ethernet cable with appropriate cable length is needed.
Step 3: Supply DC power to the WLAN Broadband Router. Use only the AC/DC power
adapter supplied with the WLAN Broadband Router; it may occur damage by
using a different type of power adapter.
The hardware installation finished.
2.2 Software Installation
¾
There are no software drivers, patches or utilities installation needed, but only the
configuration setting. Please refer to chapter 3 for software configuration.
Notice: It will take about 55 seconds to complete the boot up sequence after
powered on the WLAN Broadband Router; Power LED will be active,
and after that the WLAN Activity LED will be flashing to show the
WLAN interface is enabled and working now.
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3 Software configuration
There are web based management and configuration functions allowing you to have the jobs
done easily.
The WLAN Broadband Router is delivered with the following factory default parameters on
the Ethernet LAN interfaces.
Default IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Default IP subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
WEB login User Name: <empty>
WEB login Password: <empty>
3.1 Prepare your PC to configure the WLAN Broadband Router
For OS of Microsoft Windows 95/ 98/ Me:
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control
Panel window will appear.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Note: Windows Me users may not see the Network control panel. If so, select View
all Control Panel options on the left side of the window
Move mouse and double-click the right button on Network icon. The Network
window will appear.
Check the installed list of Network Components. If TCP/IP is not installed, click the
Add button to install it; otherwise go to step 6.
Select Protocol in the Network Component Type dialog box and click Add button.
Select TCP/IP in Microsoft of Select Network Protocol dialog box then click OK
button to install the TCP/IP protocol, it may need the Microsoft Windows CD to
complete the installation. Close and go back to Network dialog box after the TCP/IP
installation.
Select TCP/IP and click the properties button on the Network dialog box.
Select Specify an IP address and type in values as following example.
9
IP Address: 192.168.1.1, any IP address within 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.253 is
good to connect the Wireless LAN Access Point.
9 IP Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
8. Click OK and reboot your PC after completes the IP parameters setting.
For OS of Microsoft Windows 2000, XP:
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control
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USER’S MANUAL OF WLAN BROADBAND ROUTER
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Version: 1.0
Panel window will appear.
Move mouse and double-click the right button on Network and Dial-up Connections
icon. Move mouse and double-click the Local Area Connection icon. The Local Area
Connection window will appear. Click Properties button in the Local Area
Connection window.
Check the installed list of Network Components. If TCP/IP is not installed, click the
Add button to install it; otherwise go to step 6.
Select Protocol in the Network Component Type dialog box and click Add button.
Select TCP/IP in Microsoft of Select Network Protocol dialog box then click OK
button to install the TCP/IP protocol, it may need the Microsoft Windows CD to
complete the installation. Close and go back to Network dialog box after the TCP/IP
installation.
Select TCP/IP and click the properties button on the Network dialog box.
Select Specify an IP address and type in values as following example.
9
IP Address: 192.168.1.1, any IP address within 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.253 is
good to connect the Wireless LAN Access Point.
9 IP Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
8. Click OK to completes the IP parameters setting.
For OS of Microsoft Windows NT:
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control
Panel window will appear.
2. Move mouse and double-click the right button on Network icon. The Network
window will appear. Click Protocol tab from the Network window.
3. Check the installed list of Network Protocol window. If TCP/IP is not installed, click
the Add button to install it; otherwise go to step 6.
4. Select Protocol in the Network Component Type dialog box and click Add button.
5. Select TCP/IP in Microsoft of Select Network Protocol dialog box then click OK
button to install the TCP/IP protocol, it may need the Microsoft Windows CD to
complete the installation. Close and go back to Network dialog box after the TCP/IP
installation.
6. Select TCP/IP and click the properties button on the Network dialog box.
7. Select Specify an IP address and type in values as following example.
9
IP Address: 192.168.1.1, any IP address within 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.253 is
good to connect the Wireless LAN Access Point.
9 IP Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
8. Click OK to complete the IP parameters setting.
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3.2 Connect to the WLAN Broadband Router
Open a WEB browser, i.e. Microsoft Internet Explore, then enter 192.168.1.254 on the
URL to connect the WLAN Broadband Router.
3.3 Management and configuration on the WLAN Broadband Router
3.3.1 Status
This page shows the current status and some basic settings of the device, includes
system, wireless, Ethernet LAN and WAN configuration information.
Screen snapshot – Status
Item
Description
System
Uptime
It shows the duration since WLAN Broadband Router is
powered on.
Firmware version
It shows the firmware version of WLAN Broadband
Router.
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Wireless configuration
Mode
It shows wireless operation mode
Band
It shows the current wireless operating frequency.
SSID
It shows the SSID of this WLAN Broadband Router.
The SSID is the unique name of WLAN Broadband
Router and shared among its service area, so all devices
attempts to join the same wireless network can identify it.
Channel Number
It shows the wireless channel connected currently.
Encryption
It shows the status of encryption function.
BSSID
It shows the BSSID address of the WLAN Broadband
Router. BSSID is a six-byte address.
Associated Clients
It shows the number of connected clients (or stations,
PCs).
TCP/IP configuration
Attain IP Protocol
It shows type of connection.
IP Address
It shows the IP address of LAN interfaces of WLAN
Broadband Router.
Subnet Mask
It shows the IP subnet mask of LAN interfaces of WLAN
Broadband Router.
Default Gateway
It shows the default gateway setting for LAN interfaces
outgoing data packets.
DHCP Server
It shows the DHCP server is enabled or not.
MAC Address
It shows the MAC address of LAN interfaces of WLAN
Broadband Router.
WAN configuration
Attain IP Protocol
It shows how the WLAN Broadband Router gets the IP
address. The IP address can be set manually to a fixed
one or set dynamically by DHCP server or attain IP by
PPPoE / PPTP connection.
IP Address
It shows the IP address of WAN interface of WLAN
Broadband Router.
Subnet Mask
It shows the IP subnet mask of WAN interface of WLAN
Broadband Router.
Default Gateway
It shows the default gateway setting for WAN interface
outgoing data packets.
MAC Address
It shows the MAC address of WAN interface of WLAN
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Broadband Router.
3.3.2 Setup Wizard
This page guides you to configure wireless broadband router for first time
Screen snapshot – Setup Wizard
I
Operation Mode
This page followed by Setup Wizard page to define the operation mode.
Screen snapshot – Operation Mode
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USER’S MANUAL OF WLAN BROADBAND ROUTER
II
Version: 1.0
Time Zone Setting
This page is used to enable and configure NTP client
Screen snapshot – Time Zone Settings
III
LAN Interface Setup
This page is used to configure local area network IP address and subnet
mask
Screen snapshot – LAN Interface Setup
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IV
Version: 1.0
WAN Interface Setup
This page is used to configure WAN access type
Screen snapshot – WAN Interface Setup
V
Wireless Basic Settings
This page is used to configure basic wireless parameters like Band, Mode,
Network Type SSID, Channel Number, Enable Mac Clone(Single
Ethernet Client)
Screen snapshot – Wireless Basic Settings
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VI
Version: 1.0
Wireless Security Setup
This page is used to configure wireless security
Screen snapshot – Wireless Security Setup
3.3.3 Operation Mode
This page is used to configure which mode wireless broadband router acts
Screen snapshot – Operation Mode
Item
Description
Gateway
Traditional gateway configuration. It always connects
internet via ADSL/Cable Modem. LAN interface, WAN
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interface, Wireless interface, NAT and Firewall modules
are applied to this mode
Bridge
Each interface (LAN, WAN and Wireless) regards as
bridge. NAT, Firewall and all router’s functions are not
supported
Wireless ISP
Switch Wireless interface to WAN port and all Ethernet
ports in bridge mode. Wireless interface can do all
router’s functions
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.4 Wireless - Basic Settings
This page is used to configure the parameters for wireless LAN clients that may
connect to your Broadband Router. Here you may change wireless encryption
settings as well as wireless network parameters.
Screen snapshot – Wireless Basic Settings
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Item
Version: 1.0
Description
Disable Wireless LAN Click on to disable the wireless LAN data transmission.
Interface
Band
Click to select 2.4GHz(B) / 2.4GHz(G) / 2.4GHz(B+G)
Mode
Click to select the WLAN AP / Client / WDS / AP+WDS
wireless mode.
Site Survey
The Site Survey button provides tool to scan the wireless
network. If any Access Point or IBSS is found, you could
choose to connect it manually when client mode is
enabled. Refer to 3.3.9 Site Survey.
SSID
It is the wireless network name. The SSID can be 32
bytes long.
Channel Number
Select the wireless communication channel from
pull-down menu.
Associated Clients
Click the Show Active Clients button to open Active
Wireless Client Table that shows the MAC address,
transmit-packet, receive-packet and transmission-rate for
each associated wireless client.
Enable Mac Clone
Take Laptop NIC MAC address as wireless client MAC
(Single Ethernet Client) address. [Client Mode only]
Enable Universal
Repeater Mode
Click to enable Universal Repeater Mode
SSID of Extended
Interface
Assign SSID when enables Universal Repeater Mode.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.5 Wireless - Advanced Settings
These settings are only for more technically advanced users who have a
sufficient knowledge about wireless LAN. These settings should not be changed
unless you know what effect the changes will have on your WLAN Broadband
Router.
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Screen snapshot – Wireless Advanced Settings
Item
Description
Authentication Type
Click to select the authentication type in Open System,
Shared Key or Auto selection.
Fragment Threshold
Set the data packet fragmentation threshold, value can be
written between 256 and 2346 bytes.
Refer to 4.10 What is Fragment Threshold?
RTS Threshold
Set the RTS Threshold, value can be written between 0
and 2347 bytes.
Refer to 4.11 What is RTS(Request To Send) Threshold?
Beacon Interval
Set the Beacon Interval, value can be written between 20
and 1024 ms.
Refer to 4.12 What is Beacon Interval?
Data Rate
Select the transmission data rate from pull-down menu.
Data rate can be auto-select, 11M, 5.5M, 2M or 1Mbps.
Preamble Type
Click to select the Long Preamble or Short Preamble
support on the wireless data packet transmission.
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Refer to 4.13 What is Preamble Type?
Broadcast SSID
Click to enable or disable the SSID broadcast function.
Refer to 4.14 What is SSID Broadcast?
IAPP
Click to enable or disable the IAPP function.
Refer to 4.20 What is Inter-Access Point Protocol(IAPP)?
802.11g Protection
Protect 802.11b user.
RF Output Power
To adjust transmission power level.
Turbo Mode
Click to enable/disable turbo mode.(Only apply to
WLAN IC of Realtek).
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.6 Wireless - Security Setup
This page allows you setup the wireless security. Turn on WEP, WPA, WPA2 by
using encryption keys could prevent any unauthorized access to your wireless
network.
Screen snapshot – Wireless Security Setup
Item
Description
Encryption
Select the encryption supported over wireless access. The
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encryption method can be None, WEP, WPA(TKIP),
WPA2 or WPA2 Mixed
Refer to 4.9 What is WEP?
4.15 What is Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)?
4.16 What is WPA2(AES)?
4.17 What is 802.1X Authentication?
4.18 What is Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP)?
4.19 What is Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)?
Use 802.1x
Authentication
While Encryption is selected to be WEP.
Click the check box to enable IEEE 802.1x
authentication function.
Refer to 4.16 What is 802.1x Authentication?
WPA Authentication
Mode
While Encryption is selected to be WPA.
Click to select the WPA Authentication Mode with
Enterprise (RADIUS) or Personal (Pre-Shared Key).
Refer to 4.15 What is Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)?
Pre-Shared Key Format While Encryption is selected to be WPA.
Select the Pre-shared key format from the pull-down
menu. The format can be Passphrase or Hex (64
characters). [WPA, Personal(Pre-Shared Key) only]
Pre-Shared Key
Fill in the key value. [WPA, Personal(Pre-Shared Key)
only]
Enable
Pre-Authentication
Click to enable Pre-Authentication. [WPA2/WPA2
Mixed only, Enterprise only]
Authentication
RADIUS Server
Set the IP address, port and login password information
of authentication RADIUS sever.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
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Version: 1.0
WEP Key Setup
Screen snapshot – WEP Key Setup
Item
Description
Key Length
Select the WEP shared secret key length from pull-down
menu. The length can be chose between 64-bit and
128-bit (known as “WEP2”) keys.
The WEP key is composed of initialization vector (24
bits) and secret key (40-bit or 104-bit).
Key Format
Select the WEP shared secret key format from pull-down
menu. The format can be chose between plant text
(ASCII) and hexadecimal (HEX) code.
Default Tx Key
Set the default secret key for WEP security function.
Value can be chose between 1 and 4.
Encryption Key 1
Secret key 1 of WEP security encryption function.
Encryption Key 2
Secret key 2 of WEP security encryption function.
Encryption Key 3
Secret key 3 of WEP security encryption function.
Encryption Key 4
Secret key 4 of WEP security encryption function.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Close
Click to close this WEP Key setup window.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
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previous configuration setting.
WEP encryption key (secret key) length:
Length
64-bit
Format
128-bit
ASCII
5 characters
13 characters
HEX
10 hexadecimal codes
26 hexadecimal codes
3.3.7 Wireless - Access Control
If you enable wireless access control, only those clients whose wireless MAC
addresses are in the access control list will be able to connect to your Access
Point. When this option is enabled, no wireless clients will be able to connect if
the list contains no entries.
Screen snapshot – Wireless Access Control
Item
Description
Wireless Access
Control Mode
Click the Disabled, Allow Listed or Deny Listed of drop
down menu choose wireless access control mode.
This is a security control function; only those clients
registered in the access control list can link to this
WLAN Broadband Router.
MAC Address
Fill in the MAC address of client to register this WLAN
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Broadband Router access capability.
Comment
Fill in the comment tag for the registered client.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to register the client to
new configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
Current Access Control It shows the registered clients that are allowed to link to
List
this WLAN Broadband Router.
Delete Selected
Click to delete the selected clients that will be access
right removed from this WLAN Broadband Router.
Delete All
Click to delete all the registered clients from the access
allowed list.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.8 WDS Settings
Wireless Distribution System uses wireless media to communicate with other
APs, like the Ethernet does. To do this, you must set these APs in the same
channel and set MAC address of other AP that you want to communicate with in
the table and then enable the WDS.
Screen snapshot – WDS Setup
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Item
Description
Enable WDS
Click the check box to enable wireless distribution
system. Refer to 4.21 What is Wireless Distribution
System (WDS)?
MAC Address
Fill in the MAC address of AP to register the wireless
distribution system access capability.
Comment
Fill in the comment tag for the registered AP.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to register the AP to new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
Set Security
Click button to configure wireless security like
WEP(64bits), WEP(128bits), WPA(TKIP), WPA2(AES)
or None
Show Statistics
It shows the TX, RX packets, rate statistics
Delete Selected
Click to delete the selected clients that will be removed
from the wireless distribution system.
Delete All
Click to delete all the registered APs from the wireless
distribution system allowed list.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
I
WDS Security Setup
Requirement: Set [Wireless]->[Basic Settings]->[Mode]->AP+WDS
This page is used to configure the wireless security between APs. Refer to
3.3.6 Wireless Security Setup.
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Screen snapshot – WDS Security Setup
II
WDS AP Table
This page is used to show WDS statistics
Screen snapshot – WDS AP Table
Item
Description
MAC Address
It shows the MAC Address within WDS.
Tx Packets
It shows the statistic count of sent packets on the wireless
LAN interface.
Tx Errors
It shows the statistic count of error sent packets on the
Wireless LAN interface.
Rx Packets
It shows the statistic count of received packets on the
wireless LAN interface.
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Tx Rare (Mbps)
It shows the wireless link rate within WDS.
Refresh
Click to refresh the statistic counters on the screen.
Close
Click to close the current window.
3.3.9 Site Survey
This page is used to view or configure other APs near yours.
Screen snapshot – Wireless Site Survey
Item
Description
SSID
It shows the SSID of AP.
BSSID
It shows BSSID of AP.
Channel
It show the current channel of AP occupied.
Type
It show which type AP acts.
Encrypt
It shows the encryption status.
Signal
It shows the power level of current AP.
Select
Click to select AP or client you’d like to connect.
Refresh
Click the Refresh button to re-scan site survey on the
screen.
Connect
Click the Connect button to establish connection.
3.3.10 LAN Interface Setup
This page is used to configure the parameters for local area network that
connects to the LAN ports of your WLAN Broadband Router. Here you may
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change the setting for IP address, subnet mask, DHCP, etc.
Screen snapshot – LAN Interface Setup
Item
Description
IP Address
Fill in the IP address of LAN interfaces of this WLAN
Access Point.
Subnet Mask
Fill in the subnet mask of LAN interfaces of this WLAN
Access Point.
Default Gateway
Fill in the default gateway for LAN interfaces out going
data packets.
DHCP
Click to select Disabled, Client or Server in different
operation mode of wireless Access Point.
DHCP Client Range
Fill in the start IP address and end IP address to allocate a
range of IP addresses; client with DHCP function set will
be assigned an IP address from the range.
Show Client
Click to open the Active DHCP Client Table window that
shows the active clients with their assigned IP address,
MAC address and time expired information. [Server
mode only]
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DNS Server
Manual setup DNS server IP address.
Domain Name
Assign Domain Name and dispatch to DHCP clients. It is
optional field.
802.1d Spanning Tree
Select to enable or disable the IEEE 802.1d Spanning
Tree function from pull-down menu.
Clone MAC Address
Fill in the MAC address that is the MAC address to be
cloned. Refer to 4.24 What is Clone MAC Address?
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.11 WAN Interface Setup
This page is used to configure the parameters for wide area network that
connects to the WAN port of your WLAN Broadband Router. Here you may
change the access method to Static IP, DHCP, PPPoE or PPTP by click the
item value of WAN Access Type.
I
Static IP
Screen snapshot – WAN Interface Setup – Static IP
Item
Description
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Static IP
Click to select Static IP support on WAN interface. There
are IP address, subnet mask and default gateway settings
need to be done.
IP Address
If you select the Static IP support on WAN interface, fill
in the IP address for it.
Subnet Mask
If you select the Static IP support on WAN interface, fill
in the subnet mask for it.
Default Gateway
If you select the Static IP support on WAN interface, fill
in the default gateway for WAN interface out going data
packets.
MTU Size
Fill in the mtu size of MTU Size. The default value is
1400
DNS 1
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 1.
DNS 2
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 2.
DNS 3
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 3.
Clone MAC Address
Fill in the MAC address that is the MAC address to be
cloned. Refer to 4.24 What is Clone MAC Address?
Enable uPNP
Click the checkbox to enable uPNP function.
Refer to 4.22 What is Universal Plug and Play (uPNP)?
Enable Web Server
Access on WAN
Click the checkbox to enable web configuration from
WAN side.
Enable WAN Echo
Reply
Click the checkbox to enable WAN ICMP response.
Enable IPsec pass
through on VPN
connection
Click the checkbox to enable IPSec packet pass through
Enable PPTP pass
through on VPN
connection
Click the checkbox to enable PPTP packet pass through
Enable L2TP pass
through on VPN
connection
Click the checkbox to enable L2TP packet pass through
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
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DHCP Client
Screen snapshot – WAN Interface Setup – DHCP Client
Item
Description
DHCP Client
Click to select DHCP support on WAN interface for IP
address assigned automatically from a DHCP server.
Host Name
Fill in the host name of Host Name. The default value is
empty
MTU Size
Fill in the mtu size of MTU Size. The default value is
1400
Attain DNS
Automatically
Click to select getting DNS address for DHCP support.
Please select Set DNS Manually if the DHCP support is
selected.
Set DNS Manually
Click to select getting DNS address for DHCP support.
DNS 1
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 1.
DNS 2
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 2.
DNS 3
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 3.
Clone MAC Address
Fill in the MAC address that is the MAC address to be
cloned. Refer to 4.24 What is Clone MAC Address?
Enable uPNP
Click the checkbox to enable uPNP function.
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Refer to 4.22 What is Universal Plug and Play (uPNP)?
Enable Web Server
Access on WAN
Click the checkbox to enable web configuration from
WAN side.
Enable WAN Echo
Reply
Click the checkbox to enable WAN ICMP response.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
III
PPPoE
Screen snapshot – WAN Interface Setup – PPPoE
Item
Description
PPPoE
Click to select PPPoE support on WAN interface. There
are user name, password, connection type and idle time
settings need to be done.
User Name
If you select the PPPoE support on WAN interface, fill in
the user name and password to login the PPPoE server.
Password
If you select the PPPoE support on WAN interface, fill in
the user name and password to login the PPPoE server.
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Service Name
Fill in the service name of Service Name. The default
value is empty.
Connection Type
Select the connection type from pull-down menu. There
are Continuous, Connect on Demand and Manual three
types to select.
Continuous connection type means to setup the
connection through PPPoE protocol whenever this
WLAN Broadband Router is powered on.
Connect on Demand connection type means to setup the
connection through PPPoE protocol whenever you send
the data packets out through the WAN interface; there are
a watchdog implemented to close the PPPoE connection
while there are no data sent out longer than the idle time
set.
Manual connection type means to setup the connection
through the PPPoE protocol by clicking the Connect
button manually, and clicking the Disconnect button
manually.
Idle Time
If you select the PPPoE and Connect on Demand
connection type, fill in the idle time for auto-disconnect
function. Value can be between 1 and 1000 minutes.
MTU Size
Fill in the mtu size of MTU Size. The default value is
1400. Refer to 4.23 What is Maximum Transmission Unit
(MTU) Size?
Attain DNS
Automatically
Click to select getting DNS address for PPPoE support.
Please select Set DNS Manually if the PPPoE support is
selected.
Set DNS Manually
Click to select getting DNS address for Static IP support.
DNS 1
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 1.
DNS 2
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 2.
DNS 3
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 3.
Clone MAC Address
Fill in the MAC address that is the MAC address to be
cloned. Refer to 4.24 What is Clone MAC Address?
Enable uPNP
Click the checkbox to enable uPNP function.
Refer to 4.22 What is Universal Plug and Play (uPNP)?
Enable Web Server
Click the checkbox to enable web configuration from
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Access on WAN
WAN side.
Enable WAN Echo
Reply
Click the checkbox to enable WAN ICMP response.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
IV
PPTP
Screen snapshot – WAN Interface Setup – PPTP
Item
Description
PPTP
Allow user to make a tunnel with remote site directly to
secure the data transmission among the connection. User
can use embedded PPTP client supported by this router to
make a VPN connection.
IP Address
If you select the PPTP support on WAN interface, fill in
the IP address for it.
Subnet Mask
If you select the PPTP support on WAN interface, fill in
the subnet mask for it.
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of the PPTP Server.
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User Name
If you select the PPTP support on WAN interface, fill in
the user name and password to login the PPTP server.
Password
f you select the PPTP support on WAN interface, fill in
the user name and password to login the PPTP server.
MTU Size
Fill in the mtu size of MTU Size. The default value is
1400. Refer to 4.23 What is Maximum Transmission Unit
(MTU) Size?
Request MPPE
Encryption
Click the checkbox to enable request MPPE encryption.
Attain DNS
Automatically
Click to select getting DNS address for PPTP support.
Please select Set DNS Manually if the PPTP support is
selected.
Set DNS Manually
Click to select getting DNS address for PPTP support.
DNS 1
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 1.
DNS 2
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 2.
DNS 3
Fill in the IP address of Domain Name Server 3.
Clone MAC Address
Fill in the MAC address that is the MAC address to be
cloned. Refer to 4.24 What is Clone MAC Address?
Enable uPNP
Click the checkbox to enable uPNP function.
Refer to 4.22 What is Universal Plug and Play (uPNP)?
Enable Web Server
Access on WAN
Click the checkbox to enable web configuration from
WAN side.
Enable WAN Echo
Reply
Click the checkbox to enable WAN ICMP response.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.12 Firewall - Port Filtering
Entries in this table are used to restrict certain types of data packets from your
local network to Internet through the Gateway. Use of such filters can be
helpful in securing or restricting your local network.
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Screen snapshot – Firewall - Port Filtering
Item
Description
Enable Port Filtering
Click to enable the port filtering security function.
Port Range
Protocol
Comments
To restrict data transmission from the local network on
certain ports, fill in the range of start-port and end-port,
and the protocol, also put your comments on it.
The Protocol can be TCP, UDP or Both.
Comments let you know about whys to restrict data from
the ports.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to register the ports to
port filtering list.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
Delete Selected
Click to delete the selected port range that will be
removed from the port-filtering list.
Delete All
Click to delete all the registered entries from the
port-filtering list.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.13 Firewall - IP Filtering
Entries in this table are used to restrict certain types of data packets from your
local network to Internet through the Gateway. Use of such filters can be
helpful in securing or restricting your local network.
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Screen snapshot – Firewall - IP Filtering
Item
Description
Enable IP Filtering
Click to enable the IP filtering security function.
Local IP Address
Protocol
Comments
To restrict data transmission from local network on
certain IP addresses, fill in the IP address and the
protocol, also put your comments on it.
The Protocol can be TCP, UDP or Both.
Comments let you know about whys to restrict data from
the IP address.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to register the IP address
to IP filtering list.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
Delete Selected
Click to delete the selected IP address that will be
removed from the IP-filtering list.
Delete All
Click to delete all the registered entries from the
IP-filtering list.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.14 Firewall - MAC Filtering
Entries in this table are used to restrict certain types of data packets from your
local network to Internet through the Gateway. Use of such filters can be
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helpful in securing or restricting your local network.
Screen snapshot – Firewall - MAC Filtering
Item
Description
Enable MAC Filtering Click to enable the MAC filtering security function.
MAC Address
Comments
To restrict data transmission from local network on
certain MAC addresses, fill in the MAC address and your
comments on it.
Comments let you know about whys to restrict data from
the MAC address.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to register the MAC
address to MAC filtering list.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
Delete Selected
Click to delete the selected MAC address that will be
removed from the MAC-filtering list.
Delete All
Click to delete all the registered entries from the
MAC-filtering list.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.15 Firewall - Port Forwarding
Entries in this table allow you to automatically redirect common network
services to a specific machine behind the NAT firewall. These settings are only
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necessary if you wish to host some sort of server like a web server or mail
server on the private local network behind your Gateway's NAT firewall.
Screen snapshot – Firewall - Port Forwarding
Item
Description
Enable Port Forwarding Click to enable the Port Forwarding security function.
IP Address
Protocol
Port Range
Comment
To forward data packets coming from WAN to a specific
IP address that hosted in local network behind the NAT
firewall, fill in the IP address, protocol, port range and
your comments.
The Protocol can be TCP, UDP or Both.
The Port Range for data transmission.
Comments let you know about whys to allow data
packets forward to the IP address and port number.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to register the IP address
and port number to Port forwarding list.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
Delete Selected
Click to delete the selected IP address and port number
that will be removed from the port-forwarding list.
Delete All
Click to delete all the registered entries from the
port-forwarding list.
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Reset
Version: 1.0
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.16 Firewall – URL Filtering
URL Filtering is used to restrict users to access specific websites in internet.
Screen snapshot – Firewall – URL Filtering
Item
Description
Enable URL Filtering
Click to enable the URL Filtering function.
URL Address
Add one URL address.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to save settings.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
Delete Selected
Click to delete the selected URL address that will be
removed from the URL Filtering list.
Delete All
Click to delete all the registered entries from the URL
Filtering list.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
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3.3.17 Firewall - DMZ
A Demilitarized Zone is used to provide Internet services without sacrificing
unauthorized access to its local private network. Typically, the DMZ host
contains devices accessible to Internet traffic, such as Web (HTTP) servers,
FTP servers, SMTP (e-mail) servers and DNS servers.
Screen snapshot – Firewall - DMZ
Item
Description
Enable DMZ
Click to enable the DMZ function.
DMZ Host IP Address To support DMZ in your firewall design, fill in the IP
address of DMZ host that can be access from the WAN
interface.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to register the IP address
of DMZ host.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.18 VPN Setting
This page is used to show VPN connection table, configure IPSEC VPN, NAT
Traversal, Generate RSA Key, Show RSA Public Key.
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Screen snapshot – VPN Setup
Item
Description
Enable IPSEC VPN
Click to enable IPSEC VPN function. Refer to 4.27 What
is VPN? and 4.28 What is IPSEC?
Enable NAT Traversal Click to enable NAT Traversal function.
Generate RSA Key
Click to generate RSA key.
Show RSA Public Key Click to show RSA public key that we generate.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to enable IPSEC VPN,
NAT Traversal settings.
Current VPN
Connection Table
It shows current WAN interface information and VPN
connection table.
Edit
Click to enter the current VPN tunnel configuration page.
Delete
Click to delete the current VPN tunnel that radio button
stay.
Refresh
Click to refresh the current VPN connection table.
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Version: 1.0
VPN Setup - Edit Tunnel
Screen snapshot – VPN Setup-Edit-1
Item
Description
Enable Tunnel #
Click to enable the IPSEC VPN current tunnel.
Connection Name
Assign the connection name tag.
Auth Type
Click to select PSK or RSA.
Local Site
Click to select Single Address or Subnet Address VPN
connection.
Fill in IP address or subnet address depends on which
Local Site option you choose.
Fill in the local subnet mask.
Local IP
Address/Network
Local Subnet Mask
Remote Site
Remote Secure
Gateway
Remote IP
Address/Network
Remote Subnet Mask
Local/Peer ID
Local ID Type
Local ID
Remote ID Type
Click to select Single Address, Subnet Address, Any
Address or NAT-T Any Address VPN remote connection.
Fill in remote gateway IP address
Fill in IP address or subnet address depends on which
Remote Site option you choose.
Fill in remote subnet mask
Define IKE exchange information type
Click to select IP, DNS or E-mail as local exchange type
Fill in local ID except IP selected
Click to select IP, DNS or E-mail as remote exchange
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Remote ID
Version: 1.0
type
Fill in remote ID except IP selected
Screen snapshot – VPN Setup-Edit-2
Item
Description
Key Management
Click to select IKE or Manual mode.
Advanced
Click Advanced button to configure more IKE settings.
Connection Type
Click to select Initiator or Responder mode.
Connect
Click to connect manually. [Responder mode only]
Disconnect
Click to disconnect manually. [Responder mode only].
ESP
Click to configure 3DES, AES128 or NULL encryption.
Click to configure MD5 or SHA1 authentication.
PreShared Key
Fill in the key value. [IKE mode only]
Remote RSA Key
Fill in the remote gateway RSA key. [IKE mode only]
Status
It shows connection status. [IKE mode only]
SPI
Fill in Security Parameter Index value. [Manual mode
only]
Encryption Key
Fill in encryption key. [Manual mode only]
Authentication Key
Fill in authentication key. [Manual mode only]
Apply Change
Click the Apply Changes button to save current tunnel
settings.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
Refresh
It shows the current connection status. [Manual mode
only]
Back
It returns back to VPN Setup page.
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Advanced IKE Setup
Screen snapshot – Advanced VPN Settings for IKE
Item
Description
Phase 1
Negotiation Mode
Main mode.
Encryption Algorithm
Click to select 3DES or AES128 encryption.
Authentication
Algorithm
Click to select MD5 or SHA1 authentication.
Key Group
Click to select DH1(modp768), DH2(modp1024) or
DH5(modp1536) key group. Default value is DH2
Key Life Time
Fill in the key life time value by seconds.
Phase 2
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Active Protocol
ESP.
Encryption Algorithm
Click to select 3DES, AES128 or NULL encryption.
Authentication
Algorithm
Click to select MD5 or SHA1 authentication.
Key Life Time
Fill in the key life time value by seconds.
Encapsulation
Tunnel mode.
Perfect Forward
Secrecy (PFS)
Click to select ON or NONE.
Ok
Click the Ok button to save current tunnel settings.
Cancel
Click the Cancel button to close current window without
any changes.
3.3.19 Management - Statistics
This page shows the packet counters for transmission and reception regarding
to wireless, Ethernet LAN and Ethernet WAN networks.
Screen snapshot – Management - Statistics
Item
Description
Wireless LAN
It shows the statistic count of sent packets on the wireless
LAN interface.
Sent Packets
Wireless LAN
Received Packets
It shows the statistic count of received packets on the
wireless LAN interface.
Ethernet LAN
It shows the statistic count of sent packets on the
Sent Packets
Ethernet LAN interface.
Ethernet LAN
It shows the statistic count of received packets on the
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Received Packets
Ethernet LAN interface.
Ethernet WAN
It shows the statistic count of sent packets on the
Ethernet WAN interface.
Sent Packets
Ethernet WAN
Received Packets
It shows the statistic count of received packets on the
Ethernet WAN interface.
Refresh
Click the refresh the statistic counters on the screen.
3.3.20 Management - DDNS
This page is used to configure Dynamic DNS service to have DNS with
dynamic IP address.
Screen snapshot – Management – DDNS
Item
Description
Enable DDNS
Click the checkbox to enable DDNS service. Refer to
4.25 What is DDNS?
Service Provider
Click the drop down menu to pickup the right provider.
Domain Name
To configure the Domain Name.
User Name/Email
Configure User Name, Email.
Password/Key
Configure Password, Key.
Apply Change
Click the Apply Changes button to save the enable
DDNS service.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
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3.3.21 Management - Time Zone Setting
This page is used to configure NTP client to get current time.
Screen snapshot – Management – Time Zone Settings
Item
Description
Current Time
It shows the current time.
Time Zone Select
Click the time zone in your country.
Enable NTP client
update
Click the checkbox to enable NTP client update. Refer to
4.26 What is NTP Client?
NTP Server
Click select default or input NTP server IP address.
Apply Change
Click the Apply Changes button to save and enable NTP
client service.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
Refresh
Click the refresh the current time shown on the screen.
3.3.22 Management – Denial-of-Service
This page is used to enable and setup protection to prevent attack by hacker’s
program. It provides more security for users.
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Screen snapshot – Management – Denial-of-Service
Item
Description
Enable DoS Prevention Click the checkbox to enable DoS prevention.
Whole System Flood / Enable and setup prevention in details.
Per-Source IP Flood…
Select ALL
Click the checkbox to enable all prevention items.
Clear ALL
Click the checkbox to disable all prevention items.
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to save above settings.
3.3.23 Management - Log
This page is used to configure the remote log server and shown the current log.
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Screen snapshot – Management – Log
Item
Description
Enable Log
Click the checkbox to enable log.
Show all log of wireless broadband router
Only show wireless log
Only show Denial-of-Service log
System all
Wirelessy
DoS
Click the checkbox to enable remote log service.
Enable Remote Log
Log Server IP Address Input the remote log IP address
Apply Changes
Click the Apply Changes button to save above settings.
Refresh
Click the refresh the log shown on the screen.
Clear
Clear log display screen
3.3.24 Management - Upgrade Firmware
This page allows you upgrade the Access Point firmware to new version.
Please note, do not power off the device during the upload because it may
crash the system.
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Screen snapshot – Management - Upgrade Firmware
Item
Description
Select File
Click the Browse button to select the new version of web
firmware image file.
Upload
Click the Upload button to update the selected web
firmware image to the WLAN Broadband Router.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.25 Management Save/ Reload Settings
This page allows you save current settings to a file or reload the settings from
the file that was saved previously. Besides, you could reset the current
configuration to factory default.
Screen snapshot – Management - Save/Reload Settings
Item
Description
Save Settings to File
Click the Save button to download the configuration
parameters to your personal computer.
Load Settings from File Click the Browse button to select the configuration files
then click the Upload button to update the selected
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configuration to the WLAN Broadband Router.
Reset Settings to
Default
Click the Reset button to reset the configuration
parameter to factory defaults.
3.3.26 Management - Password Setup
This page is used to set the account to access the web server of Access Point.
Empty user name and password will disable the protection.
+
Screen snapshot – Management - Password Setup
Item
Description
User Name
Fill in the user name for web management login control.
New Password
Fill in the password for web management login control.
Confirmed Password
Because the password input is invisible, so please fill in
the password again for confirmation purpose.
Apply Changes
Clear the User Name and Password fields to empty,
means to apply no web management login control.
Click the Apply Changes button to complete the new
configuration setting.
Reset
Click the Reset button to abort change and recover the
previous configuration setting.
3.3.27 Logout
This page is used to logout web management page. This item will be activated
next time you login after you define user account and password.
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Screen snapshot – Logout
Screen snapshot – Logout - OK
Item
Description
Apply Change
Click the Apply Change button, Then click OK button to
logout.
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4 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
4.1 What and how to find my PC’s IP and MAC address?
IP address is the identifier for a computer or device on a TCP/IP network. Networks
using the TCP/IP protocol route messages based on the IP address of the destination.
The format of an IP address is a 32-bit numeric address written as four numbers
separated by periods. Each number can be zero to 255. For example, 191.168.1.254
could be an IP address.
The MAC (Media Access Control) address is your computer's unique hardware number.
(On an Ethernet LAN, it's the same as your Ethernet address.) When you're connected to
the Internet from your computer (or host as the Internet protocol thinks of it), a
correspondence table relates your IP address to your computer's physical (MAC) address
on the LAN.
To find your PC’s IP and MAC address,
9 Open the Command program in the Microsoft Windows.
9 Type in ipconfig /all then press the Enter button.
¾
Your PC’s IP address is the one entitled IP Address and your PC’s MAC address is
the one entitled Physical Address.
4.2 What is Wireless LAN?
A wireless LAN (WLAN) is a network that allows access to Internet without the need
for any wired connections to the user’s machine.
4.3 What are ISM bands?
ISM stands for Industrial, Scientific and Medical; radio frequency bands that the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) authorized for wireless LANs. The ISM bands are
located at 915 +/- 13 MHz, 2450 +/- 50 MHz and 5800 +/- 75 MHz.
4.4 How does wireless networking work?
The 802.11 standard define two modes: infrastructure mode and ad hoc mode. In
infrastructure mode, the wireless network consists of at least one access point connected
to the wired network infrastructure and a set of wireless end stations. This configuration
is called a Basic Service Set (BSS). An Extended Service Set (ESS) is a set of two or
more BSSs forming a single subnetwork. Since most corporate WLANs require access
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to the wired LAN for services (file servers, printers, Internet links) they will operate in
infrastructure mode.
Example 1: wireless Infrastructure Mode
Ad hoc mode (also called peer-to-peer mode or an Independent Basic Service Set, or
IBSS) is simply a set of 802.11 wireless stations that communicate directly with one
another without using an access point or any connection to a wired network. This mode
is useful for quickly and easily setting up a wireless network anywhere that a wireless
infrastructure does not exist or is not required for services, such as a hotel room,
convention center, or airport, or where access to the wired network is barred (such as for
consultants at a client site).
Example 2: wireless Ad Hoc Mode
4.5 What is BSSID?
A six-byte address that distinguishes a particular a particular access point from others.
Also know as just SSID. Serves as a network ID or name.
4.6 What is ESSID?
The Extended Service Set ID (ESSID) is the name of the network you want to access. It
is used to identify different wireless networks.
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4.7 What are potential factors that may causes interference?
Factors of interference:
¾ Obstacles: walls, ceilings, furniture… etc.
¾ Building Materials: metal door, aluminum studs.
¾ Electrical devices: microwaves, monitors and electrical motors.
Solutions to overcome the interferences:
9 Minimizing the number of walls and ceilings.
9 Position the WLAN antenna for best reception.
9 Keep WLAN devices away from other electrical devices, eg: microwaves,
monitors, electric motors, … etc.
9 Add additional WLAN Access Points if necessary.
4.8 What are the Open System and Shared Key authentications?
IEEE 802.11 supports two subtypes of network authentication services: open system and
shared key. Under open system authentication, any wireless station can request
authentication. The station that needs to authenticate with another wireless station sends
an authentication management frame that contains the identity of the sending station.
The receiving station then returns a frame that indicates whether it recognizes the
sending station. Under shared key authentication, each wireless station is assumed to
have received a secret shared key over a secure channel that is independent from the
802.11 wireless network communications channel.
4.9 What is WEP?
An optional IEEE 802.11 function that offers frame transmission privacy similar to a
wired network. The Wired Equivalent Privacy generates secret shared encryption keys
that both source and destination stations can use to alert frame bits to avoid disclosure to
eavesdroppers.
WEP relies on a secret key that is shared between a mobile station (e.g. a laptop with a
wireless Ethernet card) and an access point (i.e. a base station). The secret key is used to
encrypt packets before they are transmitted, and an integrity check is used to ensure that
packets are not modified in transit.
4.10
What is Fragment Threshold?
The proposed protocol uses the frame fragmentation mechanism defined in IEEE 802.11
to achieve parallel transmissions. A large data frame is fragmented into several
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fragments each of size equal to fragment threshold. By tuning the fragment threshold
value, we can get varying fragment sizes. The determination of an efficient fragment
threshold is an important issue in this scheme. If the fragment threshold is small, the
overlap part of the master and parallel transmissions is large. This means the spatial
reuse ratio of parallel transmissions is high. In contrast, with a large fragment threshold,
the overlap is small and the spatial reuse ratio is low. However high fragment threshold
leads to low fragment overhead. Hence there is a trade-off between spatial re-use and
fragment overhead.
Fragment threshold is the maximum packet size used for fragmentation. Packets larger
than the size programmed in this field will be fragmented.
If you find that your corrupted packets or asymmetric packet reception (all send packets,
for example). You may want to try lowering your fragmentation threshold. This will
cause packets to be broken into smaller fragments. These small fragments, if corrupted,
can be resent faster than a larger fragment. Fragmentation increases overhead, so you'll
want to keep this value as close to the maximum value as possible.
4.11
What is RTS (Request To Send) Threshold?
The RTS threshold is the packet size at which packet transmission is governed by the
RTS/CTS transaction. The IEEE 802.11-1997 standard allows for short packets to be
transmitted without RTS/CTS transactions. Each station can have a different RTS
threshold. RTS/CTS is used when the data packet size exceeds the defined RTS
threshold. With the CSMA/CA transmission mechanism, the transmitting station sends
out an RTS packet to the receiving station, and waits for the receiving station to send
back a CTS (Clear to Send) packet before sending the actual packet data.
This setting is useful for networks with many clients. With many clients, and a high
network load, there will be many more collisions. By lowering the RTS threshold, there
may be fewer collisions, and performance should improve. Basically, with a faster RTS
threshold, the system can recover from problems faster. RTS packets consume valuable
bandwidth, however, so setting this value too low will limit performance.
4.12
What is Beacon Interval?
In addition to data frames that carry information from higher layers, 802.11 includes
management and control frames that support data transfer. The beacon frame, which is a
type of management frame, provides the "heartbeat" of a wireless LAN, enabling
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stations to establish and maintain communications in an orderly fashion.
Beacon Interval represents the amount of time between beacon transmissions. Before a
station enters power save mode, the station needs the beacon interval to know when to
wake up to receive the beacon (and learn whether there are buffered frames at the access
point).
4.13
What is Preamble Type?
There are two preamble types defined in IEEE 802.11 specification. A long preamble
basically gives the decoder more time to process the preamble. All 802.11 devices
support a long preamble. The short preamble is designed to improve efficiency (for
example, for VoIP systems). The difference between the two is in the Synchronization
field. The long preamble is 128 bits, and the short is 56 bits.
4.14
What is SSID Broadcast?
Broadcast of SSID is done in access points by the beacon. This announces your access
point (including various bits of information about it) to the wireless world around it. By
disabling that feature, the SSID configured in the client must match the SSID of the
access point.
Some wireless devices don't work properly if SSID isn't broadcast (for example the
D-link DWL-120 USB 802.11b adapter). Generally if your client hardware supports
operation with SSID disabled, it's not a bad idea to run that way to enhance network
security. However it's no replacement for WEP, MAC filtering or other protections.
4.15
What is Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)?
Wi-Fi’s original security mechanism, Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP), has been
viewed as insufficient for securing confidential business communications. A longer-term
solution, the IEEE 802.11i standard, is under development. However, since the IEEE
802.11i standard is not expected to be published until the end of 2003, several members
of the WI-Fi Alliance teamed up with members of the IEEE 802.11i task group to
develop a significant near-term enhancement to Wi-Fi security. Together, this team
developed Wi-Fi Protected Access.
To upgrade a WLAN network to support WPA, Access Points will require a WPA
software upgrade. Clients will require a software upgrade for the network interface card,
and possibly a software update for the operating system. For enterprise networks, an
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authentication server, typically one that supports RADIUS and the selected EAP
authentication protocol, will be added to the network.
4.16
What is WPA2?
It is the second generation of WPA. WPA2 is based on the final IEEE 802.11i
amendment to the 802.11 standard.
4.17
What is 802.1x Authentication?
802.1x is a framework for authenticated MAC-level access control, defines Extensible
Authentication Protocol (EAP) over LANs (WAPOL). The standard encapsulates and
leverages much of EAP, which was defined for dial-up authentication with
Point-to-Point Protocol in RFC 2284.
Beyond encapsulating EAP packets, the 802.1x standard also defines EAPOL messages
that convey the shared key information critical for wireless security.
4.18
What is Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP)?
The Temporal Key Integrity Protocol, pronounced tee-kip, is part of the IEEE 802.11i
encryption standard for wireless LANs. TKIP is the next generation of WEP, the Wired
Equivalency Protocol, which is used to secure 802.11 wireless LANs. TKIP provides
per-packet key mixing, a message integrity check and a re-keying mechanism, thus
fixing the flaws of WEP.
4.19
What is Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)?
Security issues are a major concern for wireless LANs, AES is the U.S. government’s
next-generation cryptography algorithm, which will replace DES and 3DES.
4.20
What is Inter-Access Point Protocol (IAPP)?
The IEEE 802.11f Inter-Access Point Protocol (IAPP) supports Access Point Vendor
interoperability, enabling roaming of 802.11 Stations within IP subnet.
IAPP defines messages and data to be exchanged between Access Points and between
the IAPP and high layer management entities to support roaming. The IAPP protocol
uses TCP for inter-Access Point communication and UDP for RADIUS request/response
exchanges. It also uses Layer 2 frames to update the forwarding tables of Layer 2
devices.
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What is Wireless Distribution System (WDS)?
The Wireless Distribution System feature allows WLAN AP to talk directly to other APs
via wireless channel, like the wireless bridge or repeater service.
4.22
What is Universal Plug and Play (uPNP)?
UPnP is an open networking architecture that consists of services, devices, and control
points. The ultimate goal is to allow data communication among all UPnP devices
regardless of media, operating system, programming language, and wired/wireless
connection.
4.23
What is Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) Size?
Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) indicates the network stack of any packet is larger
than this value will be fragmented before the transmission. During the PPP negotiation,
the peer of the PPP connection will indicate its MRU and will be accepted. The actual
MTU of the PPP connection will be set to the smaller one of MTU and the peer’s MRU.
The default is value 1400.
4.24
What is Clone MAC Address?
Clone MAC address is designed for your special application that request the clients to
register to a server machine with one identified MAC address.
Since that all the clients will communicate outside world through the WLAN Broadband
Router, so have the cloned MAC address set on the WLAN Broadband Router will solve
the issue.
4.25
What is DDNS?
DDNS is the abbreviation of Dynamic Domain Name Server. It is designed for user own
the DNS server with dynamic WAN IP address.
4.26
What is NTP Client?
NTP client is designed for fetching the current timestamp from internet via Network
Time protocol. User can specify time zone, NTP server IP address.
4.27
What is VPN?
VPN is the abbreviation of Virtual Private Network. It is designed for creating point-to
point private link via shared or public network.
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What is IPSEC?
IPSEC is the abbreviation of IP Security. It is used to transferring data securely under
VPN.
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5 Configuration Examples
5.1 Example One – PPPoE on the WAN
Sales division of Company ABC likes to establish a WLAN network to support mobile
communication on sales’ Notebook PCs. MIS engineer collects information and plans
the WLAN Broadband Router implementation by the following configuration.
WAN configuration:
PPPoE
User Name
Password
LAN configuration
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Default Gateway
DHCP Client Range
WLAN configuration
SSID
Channel Number
H890123456
PW192867543210
192.168.1.254
255.255.255.0
0.0.0.0
192.168.1.100 – 192.168.1.200
MyWLAN
11
SSID: MyWLAN
Channel: 11
DHCP client
SSID: MyWLAN
Channel: 11
DHCP client
SSID: MyWLAN
Channel: 11
DHCP range: 192.168.1.100 to 192.168.1.200
SSID: MyWLAN
Channel: 11
DHCP client
Ethernet
Cable
Internet
Ethernet cable
xDSL/ CM
Bridge mode
SSID: MyWLAN
Channel: 11
DHCP client
DHCP client
Power adapter
PPPoE connection parameters:
User Name: H890123456
Passwrod: pw192867543210
Figure 3 – Configuration Example One – PPPoE on the WAN
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Configure the WAN
interface:
Open WAN Interface Setup
page, select PPPoE then
enter the User Name
“H890123456” and
Password
“PW192867543210”, the
password is encrypted to
display on the screen.
Press
button to confirm the configuration setting.
Configure the LAN interface:
Open LAN Interface Setup
page, enter the IP Address
“192.168.1.254”, Subnet
Mask “255.255.255.0”,
Default Gateway “0.0.0.0”,
enable DHCP Server,
DHCP client range
“192.168.1.100” to
“192.168.1.200”.
Press
button to confirm the configuration setting.
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Configure the WLAN
interface:
Open WLAN Interface
Setup page, enter the SSID
“MyWLAN”, Channel
Number “11”.
Press
button to confirm the configuration setting.
5.2 Example Two – Fixed IP on the WAN
Company ABC likes to establish a WLAN network to support mobile communication
on all employees’ Notebook PCs. MIS engineer collects information and plans the
WLAN Broadband Router implementation by the following configuration.
WAN configuration:
Fixed IP
IP Address
192.168.2.254
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
Default Gateway
192.168.2.10
DNS Address
168.95.1.1
LAN configuration
IP Address
192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
Default Gateway
192.168.2.254
DHCP Client Range 192.168.1.100 – 192.168.1.200
WLAN configuration
SSID
MyWLAN
Channel Number
11
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SSID: MyWLAN
Channel: 11
DHCP client
SSID: MyWLAN
Channel: 11
DHCP client
SSID: MyWLAN
Channel: 11
DHCP client
SSID: MyWLAN
Channel: 11
DHCP client
SSID: MyWLAN
Channel: 11
DHCP range: 192.168.1.100 to 192.168.1.200
WAN IP: 192.168.2.254/ 255.255.255.0
Ethernet
Cable
192.168.2.10/ 255.255.255.0
Internet
Ethernet cable
xDSL/ CM
Router mode
DHCP client
Power adapter
Figure 4 – Configuration Example Two – Fixed IP on the WAN
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Configure the WAN
interface:
Open WAN Interface
Setup page, select Fixed
IP then enter IP Address
“192.168.2.254”, subnet
mask “255.255.255.0”,
Default gateway
“192.168.2.10”.
Press
button to confirm the configuration setting.
Configure the LAN interface:
Open LAN Interface
Setup page, enter the IP
Address “192.168.1.254”,
Subnet Mask
“255.255.255.0”, enable
DHCP Server, DHCP
client range
“192.168.1.100” to
“192.168.1.200”.
Press
button to confirm the configuration setting.
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Configure the WLAN interface:
Open WLAN Interface Setup
page, enter the SSID
“MyWLAN”, Channel Number
“11”.
Press
button to confirm the configuration setting.
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