Doing Research
at the Library
Part 3: Database –
States & Countries
For Elementary Students
Developed by the Louisville Free Public Library’s Office of School Support, 2009
Elementary Research
Library Resources
 Non-fiction
Books
 Databases – People
 Databases– States & Countries
Contain information from reference books,
academic journals, magazines and newspapers
that are found on the library’s website.
 Databases
Encyclopedias
Websites
Elementary Research
You’ll need your library card number and password
to use the databases outside of the library.
If you don’t know your password,
ask an adult to call the library and have it changed.
Elementary Research
When should I use a database?
 When
the non-fiction books are checked
out.
 When
you don’t have money to make
copies from a reference book.
 To
be sure that the information you find is
correct.
Elementary Research
To find the kids databases:
1) Go to the library’s website: www.lfpl.org.
2) Click on “Research Tools.”
Elementary Research
Click on “Homework Help for Kids.”
What are the differences between
websites and databases?
Databases have information from encyclopedias, dictionaries,
magazines, newspapers, reference books and other sources.
Websites can be created by anyone. Some websites have great
information while others may have information that is incorrect.
The databases and websites below were created by professionals.
They are grouped by subject. There are red asterisks next to the
databases.
Let’s click on the subject heading, “Geography/Culture.”
We are going to look at two databases that fall under this subject heading:
America the Beautiful - Everything you want to know about any of the 50
states – from basic facts to important people and history. This database
includes some maps and pictures.
Culture Grams - You can learn so much about states and countries using
this database. You can hear a country’s national anthem, see pictures and
find recipes for dishes from around the world.
Let’s click on “America the Beautiful to find information about Kentucky.”
Click on the state to find information about it.
On the left hand side of the page there is a table of contents that links to
pages that will provide information about the state. The sections include:
the introduction, fast facts, history, geography, economy, culture,
government, cities, and more.
On the right you will find maps. There is a different map every time you
click on a topic under table of contents.
The “How to Cite this Article” link takes you to the bottom of the page.
Source Citation - tells your teacher where you found the information and
they give credit to authors that researched the information you are using
for your assignment.
Print out the citation page to show your teacher where you found the
information used in your assignment.
Now let’s look at the database, CultureGrams.
Use the following steps to get to the “Homework Help for Kids” page.
1) Click on the “Home” icon (at the top of the page.)
2) Click on “Research Tools” (on the left side of the page.)
3) Click on “Homework Help for Kids” (on the right side of the page.)
Click on “CultureGrams.”
In CultureGrams, click on the “Kid’s Edition” in green.
If you don’t know what continent to chose, type the name of the country
in the search box in the top right-hand corner and press “enter.”
Click on the first result - “CultureGrams Kids Edition: Indonesia.”
The first page provides interesting facts about the country.
On the left-hand side of the page there are three sections to find
information: “People and Places” (in red), “History” (in orange) and
“Lifestyles” (in blue).
Click on the map link to find out where the country is located.
This map shows the islands that make up Indonesia. The cities are labeled
and some facts about the islands are listed in green and yellow boxes.
The red and white Indonesian flag is in the top left-hand corner.
A map of the world is shown in gray in the top right-hand corner. A small
red box highlights the Indonesian islands to show where they are located
in relation to other countries.
“Why can’t I just copy and paste?”
What is plagiarism?
-Presenting someone else’s writing as your own by either copying it
word-for-word or not listing where you found the information.
What is paraphrasing?
-Putting the information you have read into your own words. Read first, then write
down what you remember. Go back and make sure the facts are accurate.
Example of paraphrasing from the non-fiction book, Almost Gone:
The Worlds Rarest Animals, by Steve Jenkins.
Text directly from a book: “The Tasmanian wolf, or thylacine, was not
really a wolf. It was a marsupial and carried its young in a pouch like a
kangaroo.”
In your own words: The Tasmanian wolf was a marsupial, not a
wolf. It held its babies in its pouch just like a kangaroo.
What are citations?
They list information about the book, database or website you used and give
credit to authors.
Elementary Research
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