XMi series-KVM-over-IP Switches

XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Rack Mount KVM over IP Switch
(8 Port /16 Port)
User Manual
www.szkinan.com
@all right reserved Shenzhen Kinan Technology Co., Ltd
Printing date: 2013/03
Version: V1.2
1
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Contents
1.Product Overview ..................................................................................... 3
1.1 Brief Introduction .............................................................................. 3
1.2 Features ........................................................................................... 3
2.Installation and Start-up .......................................................................... 4
2.1 Panel View ....................................................................................... 4
2.2 System Requirements...................................................................... 4
2.3 When the server is up and running .................................................. 5
2.4 When the server is dead .................................................................. 5
2.5 Rack Mounting ................................................................................. 5
2.6 Single Station Installation ................................................................. 6
2.7 Cascade Installation......................................................................... 9
2.8 Operating the Console ................................................................... 10
3.OSD Operation........................................................................................ 11
3.1 OSD Overview ............................................................................... 11
3.2 OSD Functions............................................................................... 12
F1 .................................................................................................. 13
F2 .................................................................................................. 15
F3 .................................................................................................. 17
F4 .................................................................................................. 19
F6 ................................................................................................ 20
F7 .................................................................................................. 20
F8 .................................................................................................. 20
3.3 OSD Factory Default Settings........................................................ 21
4.IP Settings ............................................................................................... 22
4.1 Initial IP configuraiton over Network .............................................. 22
4.2 Configuration set up via serial console .......................................... 23
5. Logging in .............................................................................................. 24
6. IP Menu ................................................................................................... 32
6.1 Remote Control .............................................................................. 32
KVM console................................................................................. 33
Telnet console ............................................................................... 33
Remote Wake-up .......................................................................... 34
6.2 Virtual Media .................................................................................. 37
Floppy Disk ................................................................................. 38
CD/ DVD Image ............................................................................ 41
Drive Redirection .......................................................................... 45
6.3 User Management ......................................................................... 53
Changing Password...................................................................... 53
Users and Groups......................................................................... 54
1
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
6.4 KVM Settings ................................................................................. 56
User Console ................................................................................ 56
Keyboard/Mouse........................................................................... 60
Video ............................................................................................. 61
6.5 Device Setings ............................................................................... 62
Network ......................................................................................... 63
Dynamic DNS ............................................................................... 64
Security ......................................................................................... 67
Certificate ...................................................................................... 70
Serial Port ..................................................................................... 71
Date/Time ..................................................................................... 72
Event Log ...................................................................................... 73
6.6 System Maintenance ..................................................................... 76
Device Information ........................................................................ 76
Event Log ...................................................................................... 78
Update Firmware .......................................................................... 79
Unit Reset ..................................................................................... 82
Appendix .................................................................................................... 83
USB Emulation Keyboard .................................................................... 84
Mac Keyboard............................................................................... 84
Sun Keyboard ............................................................................... 84
Specifications ....................................................................................... 85
FAQ ...................................................................................................... 86
-2-
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
1. Product Overview
1.1 Brief Introduction
KVM - over - IP(Hereinafter refers to IP-KVM) reloads the local keyboard,mouse
and video to a remote management console.Operator can safely get the BIOS level
access,maintenance,support and recover system fault by using the standard Internet
browser. It has passed SLL security certification and has been encrypted.
IP-KVM can easily access and control the remote KVM via LAN or Internet.It
gathers the compressed video signal and the keyboard/mouse signal, then converts
them into digital signal and transmits to the remote computer. IP-KVM supports
remote access and provides solutions for control non-invasion remote.
It is easy and fast to install the KVM console; you just need to connect
corresponding cables to the right ports of KVM and its module without software
configuration.
1.2 Features

Access and control up to8/16computers

By daisy chaining up to 31additional Combo-KVM, as many as 512 computers
can be controlled from the original KVM console which support 8 or 16 ports
KVM seamless mixed cascade connection

Auto PS/2 and USB interface detection

Two level password security--only authorized users view and control computers;
up to four users and an administrator with a separate profile for each

USB or PS/2 keyboard emulation--computer boot even the console focus is
else where

Convenient computer switching via front panel pushbuttons, hotkeys, OSD
menu or mouse

Auto scan feature for monitoring user-selected computers

Hot pluggable --add or remove computers without having to power down the
switch

Broadcast mode--operations simultaneously performed on all selected
computers

Quickly select your computer by naming the server or inputting SN number of
the server

Manage server all around the world

Remote access to the KVM(Keyboard, video and mouse) through modem
-3-
XM0108i/XM0116i







User Manual
Support any operating system even in BIOS level, during start up or in blue
screen
Support virtual media and hardware redirection
Supports JAVA browser remote control
All transmitting data are encrypted with SSL 265 bits
SSL certificate management
Automatically senses video resolution for best possible screen capture
High-performance mouse tracking and synchronization
2. Installation and Start-up
2.1 Panel View
Front View
Rear View
2.2 system requirement
Hardware
Item
Local Host
Local Console
Description
8 or 16 PC/server
One USB keyboard,one USB mouse and one monitor
Remote Console 1 PC or multiple computers connected to the network
Software
Item
Description
Local Host
No required extra software
(1)Java operating environment:version1.4.2 or higher
Remote Console (2)Browser:Microsoft Internet Explorer (version6.0 and
above or Netscape or Mozilla or Safari)
-4-
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
2.3 When the server is up and running
The KVM-over-IP gives you a full control over the remote server. The
Management Console allows you to access the remote server’s graphics, keyboard
and mouse and to send special commands to the server. You can also perform
periodic maintenance of the server. Using the Console Redirection Service, you are
able to do the following:
1.Restart the system.
2. Watch the boot process.
3. Boot the system from a separate partition to load the diagnostic
environment.
4. Run special diagnostic program.
2.4 When the server is dead
Obviously, fixing hardware defects is not possible through a remote management
device.
Nevertheless KVM-over-IP gives the administrator valuable information about the
type of a hardware failure. Serious hardware failures can be categorized into five
different categories with different chances to happen:
1.Hard disk failure 50%
2.Power cable detached,power supply failure 28%
3.CPU, controller,main board failure 10%
4.CPU fan failure 8%
5.RAM failure 4%
Using KVM-over-IP, administrators can determine which kind of serious
hardware failure has occurred
Type of Failure
Hard disk failure
Power cable detached,
power supply failure
CPU Controller, main board
failure.
CPU fan failure
RAM failure
Detected by
Console screen, CMOS set-up information
Server remains in power off state after
power on command has been given.
Power supply is on, but there is no video
output.
By server specific management software
Boot-Sequence on boot console
2.5 Rack Mounting
The IP-KVM can be put on the desktop or rack mounted in standard 19” /1U rack:
Make sure all the connecting computers and external device are shut down before
installation.
Put the KVM switch in a fit place; screw the brackets to the two sides of the switch,
then screw the switch to the 19” rack. Keep a certain distance between the host
computer, switch, monitor, keyboard and mouse when installation.
-5-
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
2.6 Single Station Installation
chain in
DC+12V
USB
1
PC8
CONSOLE
3
2
6
USB
PC7
PC6
PC5
5
PC4
PC3
PC2
PC1
4
chain in
PC16
PC15
PC14
PC13
PC12
PC11
PC10
PC9
CONSOLE
PC8
PC7
PC6
PC5
PC4
PC3
PC2
PC1
DC+12V
USB
USB
Diagram 2.1 Install KVM components
Table 1.1
No.
Explanation
1
2
3
4
5
6
Ground Connection Screw
Power Input(AC or DC)
Power Switch
Local Console
PC Connection Port
IP Port
-6-
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Single Station Installation:
1) Make sure the IP KVM has been connected to the ground.
2) Connect local console keyboard, monitor and mouse to the console port of
the KVM device (supports USB and PS/2).
3) Connect the host computer with the KVM switch according to number 3 in
the diagram.
4) Connect the LAN port to the Internet (see number 4 in below diagram).
5) Connect the 12V power adapter to the power socket.
Diagram 2.2 Installation diagram
-7-
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Cables
No.
Function
KVM signal cable
-PS/2
Model
CH-1800P (1.8M)
CH-3000P(3M)
CH-5000P(5M)
KVM signal cable
-USB
①
Cable Port
PC or Server port:
Keyboard: 6 pin MIN-DIN male
Mouse: 6 pin MIN-DIN male
Monitor: 15 pin HDB male
KVM port
15 pin HDB male
PC or Server port:
USB: USB A TYPE(female)
Monitor: 15 pin HDB male
CH-1802U (1.8M)
KVM port
15 pin HDB male
KVM signal cable
-COMBO
CH-1801M (1.8M)
Note: USB port
can’t
be
connected with
PS/2 port at the
same time
PC or Server port:
USB: USB A TYPE(female)
Monitor: 15 pin HDB male
Keyboard: 6 pin MIN-DIN male
Mouse: 6 pin MIN-DIN male
KVM port
15 pin HDB male
Cascade cable
②
CH-3000C ( 3M)
15 pin HDB male
Table 2-1.1 connecting cables
To ensure signal integrity and simplify cable layout, we strongly recommend you
using high quality cables with different length as shown in above table.
-8-
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
2.7 Cascade Installation
Diagram 2.3Cascade installation
Explanation:
1)Plug the yellow port of daisy chaining cable in the yellow “Daisy-Chain in” DB 15
port on the KVM XM0108i/XM0116i.
2)Plug the other blue port in the blue “Console” DB 15 port on the KVM
XM0108i/XM0116i.
3)Repeat above steps according to above diagram, it can maximum cascade up to
32 KVM switches.
-9-
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
2.8 Operating the console
The KVM makes two “beep” sounds and the LED flashes three times after power on.
Then below window appears for you to input user name and password.
Diagram 2.4 User login interface
The default password is “blank”; double click to enter the OSD main menu to operate
the KVM.
LED Instructions
Diagram 2.5 KVM front views
Table 1.2:
No.
Components
1
1-8 or
1-16
2
Port Selection
Buttons& LEDs
3
Station ID
Function
1) Switching freely from port 1 to port 8 /16
2) Press [1] and [2] at the same time resets the KVM.
3) Press [7] and [8] at the same time switches to next
stage level.
1)An online LED light(orange) indicates that the
KVM has connected to its corresponding computer
and power on.
2)A selected LED light(green) indicates that the
computer attached to its corresponding port is up and
running.
Station ID shows the current stage level of the daisy
chain.
- 10 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
3. OSD Operation
3.1 OSD Overview
Double click the right button of the mouse or double click hotkey【Scroll Lock】 to
invoke below OSD main menu. You can customize the OSD hotkeys; find more
details in OSD function instructions.
OSD interface
Table1.3:
Headings
SN
Explanation
cascade level+port number
It shows the corresponding computer port is under
monitoring.
The corresponding computer is power on.
QV
means the corresponding port is quick view port
broadcasting port
LK
Name
Lock sign:
viewing.
Shows that the port is only available for
Port name, maxi 12 bytes
To access the OSD menu through keyboard:
1.In the submenus, moving the highlight bar to your selected port and then
press Enter.
2.Press【Page Up】or【Page Down】quickly moves to next BANK
3.Press any key from 【0-9】to enter any port of current station,type
BANK+PORT to enter other stations.
To access the OSD menu through mouse:
1. Use the scroll wheel to switch from one port to another.
2. Click the right or middle button to confirm your selected port and close
the OSD main menu at the same time.
3. Click the right button to exit the OSD main menu.
*Note: Operate via keyboard after invoke the OSD menu via the touchpad.
- 11 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
3.2 OSD Functions
Menu
Keys
ADM
F1
Scan
F2
Submenu/explanation
Set User login-Set User login account and password
Set accessible-Set access permissions
BRC Mode -monitor multiple computers at the same
time
Load Default-reset the menu to the original factory
default settings
All-Lists all the ports on the installation
Power On-lists only powered on ports that have
attached computers.
Quick View-Lists only the ports that have been
selected as Quick View ports
F3
Auto Scan-set scanning time period
Port ID-set how long a port displays on the monitor
OSD Hotkey-set OSD hotkeys
Lout Time off- to set the time out value
Tool
F4
Reset KM- press Enter resets keyboard and touchpad
Beeper【On】-press Enter switch Bee sounds
Mouse Hot【On】-press Enter to shut down touchpad
operating on OSD.
Restore Values-press Enter restore the current user
default value
About KVM- press Enter shows the KVM version
Edit
F6
Edits port names
QV
F7
Start or close Quick View
Lout
F8
Log out/lock the KVM
Esc
Press this key exits OSD menu
Scroll Lock
Press this key exits OSD menu
Num Lock
Press this key exits OSD menu
Set
Exit
Table 1.4
- 12 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
F1
 Menu Overview
Operating instructions
1)Press【F1】or 【←】
【→】enters the
F1 submenus.
2)Press 【↑】
【↓】moves the highlight
bar to select the submenu.
3)Press【 Enter】 selects and exits
ADM menu.
4)Press【Esc】cancels the operation
and exits ADM menu.
 Menu Explanation
1. Set User Login—Press [Enter] and select Set User Login and a screen as below
diagram 3-1.1 appears:
One administrator and four users account can be set (the account and the
password are no more than 16 characters)
Diagram 3-1.1
Diagram 3-1.2
Note: You can set up an account and password according to diagram 4-1.2, and
then a “User setup ok” pops up showing that you have done your set, and if
“Password Not Match” pops up, you need to type in your password again as you did
in your first type.
- 13 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
2. Set Accessible—press [Enter] to select Set Accessible, then below menu appears
(diagram 3-1.3):
Menu
FULL
VIEW
NULL
Diagram 3-1.3
Explanation
Full access function to the station and can do any
operation to the ports
Read only function, you can only read the port but
you can’t operate it if set this function.
If you set this function, the port will not displayed
on the user’s OSD menu.
Note: The administrator always has full access to all the ports.
Diagram 3-1.4
Diagram 3-1.5
Eg.1). If you want to set access permission of [User1], press【Space】to select
the permission options you need to set.
2). [User1] log in OSD menu, as shown in below diagram 3-1.5.
- 14 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
3. BRC Mode - Press [Enter] to enter the BRC mode (see below diagram 4-1.6).
Enter the main menu, press F7 to add or delete a port that need broadcast function.
When BRC mode is effect, a speaker symbol appears in QV column.(see below
diagram 4-1.7).
While BRC mode is in effect, we can synchronously operate multiple computer
ports, but the mouse is not function normally.
Diagram 4-1.6
Diagram 4-1.7
1) Open BRC mode
F1->BRC Mode OFF->press [Enter] --> BRC Mode ON (see diagram 4-1.6)
2) Open the port that need broadcast function
Press 【↑】
【↓】key—>select the port that need broadcast function press
F7a speaker symbol appears in the QV column which shows the port has
entered broadcast mode.
3) Close the broadcasting port
press【↑】【↓】key—>select the portpress F7exit BRC mode and the
speaker symbol disappears
4) Exit BRC mode
Invoke OSD main menu  F1->BRC Mode ON ->press [Enter] --> BRC Mode
OFF and KVM exit BRC mode (diagram 4-1.8)
Press F1->BRC Mode OFF
->press [Enter], enter the main
menu, all
symbols turn
into speaker symbol (diagram
4-1.8 )
Diagram 4-1.8
4. Load Default--- press [Enter] to select Load Default, all the set values are restoring
to original factory default settings.
- 15 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
F2

User Manual
Menu Overview
Operating instructions
1)Press【F2】or 【←】
【→】enters the
F2 submenus.
2)Press 【↑】
【↓】moves the highlight
bar to select the submenu.
3 ) Press 【 Enter 】 selects and exits
Scan menu.
4)Press【Esc】cancels the operation
and exits SCAN menu.

Menu Explanation
Submenu
Explanation
All
Use this function to scan all ports according to the set
scanning interval.
Power On
Use this function to scan all ports with
set scanning interval.
Quick View
Use this function to scan all ports with
quick view
symbols according to the set scanning interval.
- 16 -
according to the
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
F3

Menu Overview
Operating instructions
1)Press【F3】or 【←】
【→】enters the
F3 submenu.
2)Press 【↑】
【↓】moves the highlight
bar to select the submenu.
3)Press【Enter】selects and exits Set
menu.
4)Press【Esc】cancels the operation
and exits Set menu.

Menu Explanation
Submenu
Default value
Auto Scan
5S(effective range 5-99)
Port ID
OSD Hotkey
0S: not display the corresponding port
1-98S: display the seconds, maximum 98s
99S: permanent display
[Scroll Lock ] +[Scroll Lock ]
[CapsLock] +[CapsLock]
[F12] + [F12]
[Ctrl]+[Ctrl]+[KVM Hotkey]
0: close the screen saver setting
01-99M: set the screen saver timeout
Note: It is automatically log out if the current operator is
no longer operate for a while, then the KVM will be locked
and you need to enter user name and password to
operate again:
Lout Time off
- 17 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
OSD Hotkey Operation
Operating instruction
1. Press【 F3】and move the highlight bar with【↓】 to select
Hotkey”submeun
Press 【Enter】and below screen appears:
“OSD
2.Key in “[Ctrl] [Ctrl]+[KVM Hotkey], then press“【Enter】to operate 【Ctrl】hotkey.
KVM default hotkey:【Scroll Lock】
Invoke hotkey: double click 【Ctrl】 + the corresponding function key
Function
Switching
port
Auto scanning
Invoke OSD
main menu
Operating
Function description
+ 1~8
Skip ports from 1~8
E.g.: Double click Ctrl plus 2 to skip to
the second port of the current station.
+ F1~ F8
Skip ports from 9-16
+ ↑/↓
Skip to previous/next port
+S
+“space
key”
1.Auto Scan automatically scans ports
that attached PC or server. Users can
set the scan duration in OSD menu and
press any key to exit scanning mode.
2. Move the mouse to extend scan
interval.
This allows you to invoke OSD main
menu(see OSD menu operation)
- 18 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
F4

Menu Overview
Operating instructions
1)Press【F4】or 【←】
【→】enters
the F4 submenus.
2 ) Press 【 ↑ 】【 ↓ 】 moves the
highlight bar to select the
submenu.
3)Press【Enter】selects and exits
Tool menu.
4) Press【Esc】cancels the operation
and exits Tool menu.

Menu Explanation
Submenu
Instruction
Reset KM
Initialize the keyboard and mouse that connected to
KVM when they are break down.
Beeper【On】
The beeper can be turned on or off with this function.
Mouse Hot【On】
To open and close the mouse with this function.
We can’t operate the OSD via the mouse when it is
【Off】.
Restore Values
Restore to original factory default values.
About KVM
It shows the KVM version information.
- 19 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
F6-Edit Port Name


Select the port with【↑】
【↓】 key;
Press F6 and key in the new name
or modify the old one, then press
Enter to save the name and exit
editing.
Press 【Esc】to cancel and exit the
editing.

Note:
The NAME characters include:
All alpha characters: A-Z
All numeric characters: 0-9
Default value: SYSTEMS
F7-Set Quick View Port (QV)

Select ports with【↑】
【↓】keys;

Press F7 to include current port as Quick
View, then an arrowhead appears in the QV
column to indicate so.
Note:
Press F7 to cancel the QV symbol is the current
port has already have a QV arrowhead symbol in
its QV column; if you want to cancel all the QV
function,
press
Restore
Values
under
F4:Tool.( The port name restores to default
setting at the same time.)
F8-LOUT

Press【F8】exits the OSD main menu and fully exits current port, then the log in
window appears:

Users must log in all over again to regain access to the OSD.
- 20 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
3.3 OSD factory default settings
Settings
Default values
OSD hotkey
【Scroll Lock 】
【Scroll Lock 】
Original ADM user name
【 Enter】
Original ADM password
【 Enter】
Port display duration
5 seconds
Port display mode
Cascade port No.+PN+port name
Port name
SYSTEMS
Scan duration
5 seconds
Scan mode
All
Auto log out
【Esc】
Operating system
Support operating system:
Operating system
Version
Windows
2000 or higher
Linux
UNIX
Nove11
RedHat
6.0 or higher
SuSE
8.2 or higher
Mandriva(Mandrake)
9.0 or higher
AIX
4.3 or higher
FreeBSD
3.51 or higher
Sun
Solais8 or higher
Netware
5.0 or higher
Mac
8.6 or higher
DOS
6.2 or higher
- 21 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
4.IP Settings
4.1 Initial IP Configuration via Network
IP - KVM factory default settings:
DHCP
Default IP address
Default Subnet mask
forbidden
192.168.0.70
255.255.255.0
1) Read the CD and double click JAVA, ensure the Internet is available and install
the JAVA step by step according to indications.
2)
Copy the PSETUP to the computer in use and double click PSETUP.
3)
Below menu appears on the screen:
1
3
4
2
5
Operating instructions:
1) It automatically gets the MAC address, if it is failed to do so, press the
Refresh Devices according to above number 1.
2) Click Query Device (above number 2), it shows the IP KVM’s IP address as
well as gateway information (see above number 3).
3) Choose None in IP auto configuration, set up the IP address in above
number 3 according to your network area (eg.192.168.X.XXX) .Input your
account and password after setting the network path (above number 4).
User Login: super
Password: pass
Click OK to save your settings.
4) If you choose DHCP in IP auto configuration, there is no need to modify the
IP address, it will automatically get the proper IP address.
★~Please remember the setting IP address for remote control~★
- 22 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
4.2 Configuration Setup via Serial Console
For using serial terminal, the KVM-over-IP has a serial line interface (host side).
This connector is compliant with the RS-232 serial line standard. The serial line has
to be configured with the parameters given in Table below.
Parameter
Bits/second
Data bits
Parity
Stop bits
Flow Control
Value
115200
8
No
1
None
When configuring with a serial terminal, e.g., Hyper Terminal, reset the
KVM-over-IP and immediately press the “ESC” key. You will see some device
information, and a “=>” prompt. Enter “config”, press “Enter” key and wait for a few
seconds for the configuration questions to appear.
As you proceed, the following questions will appear on the screen. To accept the
default values shown in square brackets below, press “Enter” key.
IP auto configuration None/DHCP / BOOTP):
IP address[192.168.0.70]:
Subnet mask[255.255.255.0]:
Gateway(0.0.0.0 for none)[0.0.0.0]:
IP auto configuration
With this option, you can specify whether the KVM-over-IP should get its network
settings from a DHCP or BOOTP server. For DHCP, enter “dhcp”, and for BOOTP
enter “bootp”. If you do not specify any of these, the IP auto-configuration is disabled
and subsequently you will be asked for the following network settings.
IP address
The IP address the KVM-over-IP. This option is only available if
IP auto-configuration is disabled.
Net mask
The net mask of the connected IP subnet. This option is only available if IP
auto-configuration is disabled.
Gateway address
The IP address of the default router for the connected IP subnet. If you do not
have a default router, enter 0.0.0.0. This option is only available if IP
auto-configuration is disabled
Warning:
User“super”is forbidden to log in via the serial port of the IP-KVM.
- 23 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
5. Logging in
1) Open IE and type in the IP address you have set in PSETUP (as shown above
number 1).
http:// 192.168.0.70(the IP address you have set according to your network area)
2) A screen appears as shown in above to indicate you to type your account and
password after connected.
User name: super
Password: pass
3)Then below screen appears:
Click Console to open the IP-KVM remote console.
Warning:
If there is no activity for 30 minutes, the IP-KVM will log you out, automatically. A
click on one of the links will bring you back to the login screen.
- 24 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
5.1 Remote Console
The Remote Console is the redirected screen, keyboard and mouse of the remote
host system to that KVM-over-IP control.

Main window of the remote console
KVM-IP
Diagram 5-1 Main window of the remote console
Warning:
In difference to the remote host system, the Remote Console window on your local
window system is just one window among others. In order to make keyboard and
mouse work, your Remote Console window must have the local input focus.

Control Bar of Remote Console
The upper part of the Remote Console window contains a control bar. Using its
elements you can see the state of the Remote Console and adjust the local Remote
Console settings. A description for each control follows.
Diagram 5-2 Remote Console Control Bar
- 25 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Ctrl+Alt+Delete
Special button key to send the “Control Alt Delete” key combination to the remote
system.
Auto Adjust button
If the video display is of bad quality or distorted in some way, press this button and
wait a few seconds while the KVM-over-IP tries to detect the video mode of VGA port
to the controlled host and adjust itself for the best possible video quality.
Sync mouse
Activates the mouse synchronization process. Choose this option in order to
synchronize the local with the remote mouse cursor. This is especially necessary
when using accelerated mouse settings on the host system. In general, there is no
need to change mouse settings on the host.
Single/Double mouse mode
Switches between the Single Mouse Mode (where only the remote mouse pointer is
visible) and the Double Mouse Mode (where remote and local mouse pointers are
visible and need to be synchronized). Single mouse mode is only available if using
SUN JVM 1.4.2 or higher.
Options
To open the Options menu, click on the button “Options”.
- 26 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Diagram 5-3 Remote console options menu
Diagram 5-4 Remote Console Options Menu: Scaling
- 27 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Diagram 5-5 Remote Console Options Menu: Cursor
Diagram 5-6 Video Settings Panel
- 28 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Diagram 5-7
Soft Keyboard
Diagram 5-8 Soft Keyboard Mapping
- 29 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Diagram 5-9 Encoding Compression
Diagram 5-10 Predefined Compression
- 30 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Diagram 5-11 Lossy Compression
Diagram5-12 Encoding Color depth
- 31 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Status Line of Remote Console
Diagram 5-13 Status line
Furthermore, both the incoming (“In :”) and the outgoing (“Out :”) network traffic are
visible (in kb/s). If compressed encoding is enabled, a value in brackets displays the
compressed transfer rate.
Diagram 5-14 Status line transfer rate
Press Alt+F12 exits the remote console.
6. IP Menu
6.1 Remote Control
- 32 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
KVM console
KVM-IP
Diagram 6-1
Telnet console
Diagram 6-2 Telnet console
- 33 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
The KVM-over-IP firmware features a Telnet server that enables a user to connect
via a standard Telnet client. In case the Telnet program is using a VT 100, VT 102 or
VT 220 terminal or an according emulation, it is even possible to perform a console
redirection as long as the KVM-over-IP host machine is using a text mode screen
resolution.
Log in the Telnet console by the telnet command as required by the Telnet client,
for instance in a UNIX shell:
telnet 192.168.0.70
Then the system will prompt for inputting a user name and password to log in the
device. You need to input right credentials so that the Telnet management is fully
conform to function controls in Web.
Once you have successfully logged into the KVM-over-IP a command line will be
presented and you can enter according management commands.
Telnet port supports two operating modes: command mode and terminal
mode.Command mode is used for control or display some parameters.The terminal
port mode is activated through access to serial port 1(if the serial port has set
corresponding configuration), all the inputs will be redirected to serial port 1.
The following lists the command syntax and its application according to command
mode:
Help: Display the list of possible commands
Cls: Clear the screen
Quit: Exits the current dialog box and disconnect from the user port.
Version: Shows the version information
Terminal: Activates the DMO of serial port 1.Press ESC exits the switch and return
to command mode.
Remote Wake-up
The IP-KVM provides the remote power wake-up function, which can remotely wake
up the sleeping computer. With this feature, the computers that are not in use for now
can be shut down and remotely wake up the computer when want to use it, and thus
save the power energy.
- 34 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Settings on target computer:
In order to be waked up, some settings have to be done on the target computer:
1. BIOS setting:
Have the wake up function in BIOS Enabled
Note: the naming in BIOS varies depending on the BIOS type; it may be Wake On
LAN/PME, PME Event Wake Up, or Power On By PCI Device.
2. Windows Settings:
Enter the Properties of Local Area Connection.
LAN/PME、PME Event Wake Up or Power On By PCI Device.
- 35 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Make sure Wake on Magic packet is Enable.
Make sure the following two items are selected.
- 36 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Settings on IP-KVM:
The control can be easily set up from the web page.
1. Click on Remote Control > Remote Wakeup to bring up the configuration page.
2. Click on More entries to add additional controlled target
3. Key in the server description and the server’s IP address
4. Click on Get MAC to get the corresponding MAC address of the server
5. Click on Apply to save the entry
6. Click on Reset to defaults if want to clear all entries
6.2 Virtual Media
- 37 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Below is the host computer screen (the computer which connected with IP KVM)
Floppy Disk
Diagram 6-3 Virtual Media - Floppy Disk
- 38 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
1. You need to create the floppy image file first (Please refer to the section
“Creating a floppy image”). For this example, we use RawWrite software (or any
other image-creator software) to create floppy image. Please use licensed software
for this purpose.
1. Click“Read”
2. Select the save path
of the image file
3.Click “Read”
2. You can find an image file saved at desire destination after you created it with
RawWrite.
3. Open the browser to log into the IP-KVM. Click Virtual Media, and then Floppy
Disk. Click the Browse button to choose the image file.
Click on the button Upload to initiate the transfer of the chosen image file into the
IP-KVM module’s on-board memory.
4. After you uploading the image file, you will see the information below.
- 39 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
5. Open the remote console and you will see a virtual Floppy drive is created on the
host computer that connect to IP-KVM
You may create a floppy image size up to 1.44Mb. This drive would be in read-only
mode and would not allow you to write any information on this drive but copying only.
This drive would be bootable under DOS mode if the motherboard/BIOS on the host
computer supporting USB BOOTABLE function.
Notes:
1. If using other image-creator software, the output image extension file name has
to be ‘img’, e.g. floppy_vir.img.
2. The uploaded image file will be kept in the onboard memory of the IP-KVM until
the end of the current session, as you logged out, or initiated a reboot of the IP-KVM.
- 40 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
CD/ DVD Image
Use Image on Windows Share (via SAMBA)
To include an image from a Windows share, select “CD/DVD Image” from the
submenu.
Diagram 6-4 Virtual Media - CD-ROM Image
Operating Procedures:
1. Please run Nero or any CD/DVD imaging tool to create CD/DVD ISO image.
2. Please create a folder and share this folder in the PC that shares out the image
file. Copy the CD/DVD ISO image file to this sharing folder. (Please make sure
password has to be setup with the authorized user during Sharing => Permission
settings)
3. Copy the CD-ROM ISO image to this sharing folder.
4. Please fill in the information in below image.
- 41 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
5. Image file set successfully.
6. Open the remote console and you can see the virtual CD as below picture.
- 42 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Note: The output image extension file name has to be ‘iso’, e.g. CD-Rom_vir.iso.
You may create an ISO image size up to 650Mb (for CD-ROM). This drive would be
in read-only mode and would not allow you to write any information on this drive but
copying only. This drive would be bootable under DOS mode if the
motherboard/BIOS on the host computer supports USB BOOTABLE function. For
emulating DVD Drive, please use Drive Redirection function.
Note: The above information has to be given from the point of view of IP-KVM with
correct IP address and device name. Administrative permission is required as regular
user may not have the right to access. Please login as a system administrator (or as
“root” on UNIX systems).
Below information has to be configured correctly:
Share host
The server name or its IP address (the PC that shares out the image file). On
Windows 95, 98 and Windows ME do not specify the IP address but the
server name ("NetBIOS Name").
Share folder name
The name of the share to be used.
Image file name
The image file name on the share folder.
User (optional)
If necessary, specify the user name for the share named before. If
unspecified and a guest account is activated, this guest account information
will be used as your login.
Password (optional)
If necessary, specify the password for the given user name.
- 43 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
The specified image file is supposed to be accessible from the IP-KVM. The
information above has to be given from the point of view of the IP-KVM. It is
important to specify correct IP addresses, and device names. Otherwise, IP-KVM
may not be able to access the referenced image file properly; leave the given file
unmounted and will display an according error message, instead. So, we
recommend to state correct values and repeat this steps if necessary.
Furthermore, the specified share has to be configured correctly. Therefore,
administrative permissions are required. As a regular user you may not have these
permissions. You should either login as a system administrator (or as “root” on UNIX
systems), or ask your system administrator for help to complete this task.
MS Windows
Open the Explorer, navigate to the directory (or share) and press the right mouse
button to open the context menu. Select Sharing to open the configuration dialog
Diagram 6-5 Explorer Context Men
Diagram 6-6 Share Configuration Dialog
Adjust the settings for the selected directory.
■
Activate the selected directory as a share. Select Share this
folder.
■ Choose an appropriate name for the share. You may also add a
short description for this folder (input field Comment).
■
■
If necessary, adjust the permissions (Permissions button).
Click OK to set the options for this share.
- 44 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
UNIX and UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Solaris, and Linux)
If you like to access the share via SAMBA, SAMBA has to be set up properly.
You may either edit the SAMBA configuration file /etc/samba/smb.conf or use the
Samba Web Administration Tool (SWAT) or WebMin to set the correct parameters.
Also looking at the man-entry of smb.conf is very helpful.
Drive Redirection
The Drive Redirection is another possibility to use a virtual disc drive on the remote
computer. With Drive Redirection you do not have to use an image file but may work
with a drive from your local computer on the remote machine. The drive is hereby
shared over a TCP network connection. Devices such as floppy drives, hard discs,
CD-ROMs and other removable devices like USB sticks can be redirected. It is even
possible to enable a write support so that for the remote machine it is possible to
write data to your local disc.
Diagram 6-7 Options of Drive Redirection
Please note that Drive Redirection works on a level which is far below the operating
system. That means that neither the local nor the remote operating system is aware
that the drive is currently redirected, actually. This may lead to inconsistent data as
soon as one of the operating systems (either from the local machine, or from the
remote host) is writing data on the device. If write support is enabled the remote
computer might damage the data and the file system on the redirected device. On
the other hand, if the local operating system writes data to the redirected device the
drive cache of the operating system of the remote host might contain older data. This
may confuse the remote host’s operating system. We recommend using the Drive
Redirection with care, especially the write support.
- 45 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Disable Drive Redirection
To disable the function of Drive Redirection.
Force read-only connections
If enabled the Write Support for the Drive Redirection is switched off. It is not
possible to write on a redirected device.
Click Apply to submit your changes.
Making a Drive Redirection
The operation procedures to make a drive redirection are as follows.
1. Run Remote Control > KVM Console.
2. Click on the “Floppy” icon
You will see the Driver Redirection window as below.
Diagram 6-8 Built-in Java Drive Redirection
- 46 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
3. You can either redirect a local drive (only available under Windows) or redirect an
ISO CD/DVD image.
3-1 If click on Connect Drive
Select the drive to be redirected and click OK.
Select the drive you would like to redirect. All available devices (drive letters) are
shown here. Please note that the whole drive is shared with the remote computer,
not only one partition. If you have a hard disc with more than one partition all drive
letters that belong to this disc will be redirected. The Refresh button may be used to
regenerate the list of drive letters, especially for an USB stick.
Warning
Please be cautious that if “Allow Write Support” is selected, all data on
the shred media might be destroyed.
Write Support
This feature may be enabled here. Write support means that the remote computer is
allowed to write on your local drive. As you can imagine, this is very dangerous. If
both the remote and the local system try to write data on the same device, this will
certainly destroy the file system on the drive. Please use this only when you exactly
know what you are doing.
- 47 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Device Authentication
The factory default Username is “super” and the default Password is “pass”.
Click Connect to redirect drive
Warning
1. Drive Redirection is only possible with Windows 2000 or later versions.
2. The Drive Redirection works on a low SCSI level and the SCSI protocol cannot
recognize partitions; therefore the whole drive selected will be shared instead of
any particular partition.
3. While connecting to a legacy KVM switch, please select PS/2 mouse for
Keyboard/Mouse setting from webpage. Otherwise you will not be able to use
Hot-key.
3-2. If click on Connect ISO
Select the ISO image file and click Open.
4. Finally the established Drive Redirection connection will be displayed
- 48 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Open My Computer you will see the virtual drive appears on the remote host PC
window.
The drive redirection software tries to lock the local drive before it is redirected.
That means that it tries to prevent the local operating system from accessing the
drive as long as it is redirected. This may also fail, especially if a file on the drive is
currently open. In the case of a locking failure, you will be prompted if you want to
establish the connection anyhow. This should not be a serious problem when the
- 49 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
note above is respected. If the write support is enabled, a drive which is not locked
might be damaged by the Drive Redirection.
Clicking on the Disconnect button will disconnect the Drive Redirection
connection.
Please note that Virtual Drive creation is by Device manner not by Partition. Which
means it looks for I/O in BIOS and sends the corresponding signal to host
computer. This way, you are sending the entire hard drive (may consist of ‘X’
numbers of partitions) and emulate whatever number of partitions on host
computer. You may also emulate a DVD-Drive with the same procedure. However,
this DVD-Drive Does NOT support Bootable function like Floppy and CD-ROM
emulation.
Virtual Drive
Diagram 6-9 USB mass storage option
Set this option to disable the mass storage emulation (and hide the virtual drive) if
not mounting a image file or drive to the host system. To set this option, press the
button “Apply”.
Note: If unset, and no file image will be found it may happen that the host system
will hang on boot due to changes in the boot order, or the boot manager (LILO,
GRUB). This case was reported for some Windows versions (2000, XP), other OS
might not be fully excluded. This behavior depends on the BIOS version used in
that machine.
- 50 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Creating an Image
Creating a Floppy Image
UNIX and UNIX-like OS
To create an image file, make use of “dd”. This is one of the original UNIX utilities
and is included in every UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Sun Solaris, and Linux).
To create a floppy image file, copy the contents of a floppy to a file. You can use the
following command:
dd [ if=/dev/fd0 ] [ of=/tmp/floppy.image ]
dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/fd0, and saves the output in the
specified output file /tmp/floppy.image. Adjust both parameters exactly to your needs
(input device etc.)
MS Windows
You can use the tool “Raw Write for Windows”. You can get the RawWrite software
from the website http://www.chrysocome.net/rawwrite.
Diagram 6-10 RawWrite for Windows selection dialog
From the menu, select the tab “Read”. Enter (or choose) the name of the file in which
you would like to save the floppy content. Click on the button “Copy” to initiate the
image creation process.
- 51 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Creating a CD/DVD ISO Image
UNIX and UNIX-like OS
To create an image file, make use of “dd”. This is one of the original UNIX utilities
and is included in every UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Sun Solaris, and Linux).
To create a CD-ROM image file, copy the contents of the CD-ROM to a file. You can
use the following command:
dd [ if=/dev/cdrom ] [ of=/tmp/cdrom.image ]
dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/cdrom, and saves the output in the
specified output file /tmp/cdrom.image. Adjust both parameters exactly to your needs
(input device etc.).
MS Windows
To create the image file, use your favorite CD imaging tool. Copy the whole contents
of the disc into one single image file on your hard disk.
For example, with “Nero” you choose “Copy and Backup”. Then, navigate to the
“Copy Disc” section. Select the CD-ROM or DVD drive you would like to create an
image from. Specify the filename of the image, and save the CD-ROM content in that
file.
Diagram 6-11 Nero selection dialog
- 52 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
6.3 User Management
Change Passwords
Diagram 6-12 Setting Passwords
Change password of currently logged in user:
Old Password: type in current password
New Password: type in new password
Confirm New Password: re-type new password for verification
Click “Apply” to submit your changes.
- 53 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Users and Groups
There are three kinds of levels of user accounts:
■
■
■
Super-- Has all possible rights to configure the device
Administrator -- Has partial rights to change configuration apart from
critical settings
User -- Has permission to access basic function of open Remote Console
You can choose the desired level from the selection box role.
The IP-KVM comes with 1 pre-configured user account that has fixed
permissions. The account “super” has all possible rights to configure the device
and to use all functions IP-KVM offers.
Upon delivery, the account “super” has the password “pass”. Make sure to
change password immediately after you have installed and on initial access of
your IP-KVM.
Existing users
Select an existing user for modification. Once a user has been selected,
click the lookup button to see the user information.
New User name
The new user name for the selected account.
- 54 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Password
The password for the login name. It must be at least three characters long.
Confirm password
Confirmation of the password above.
Email address
This is optional.
Mobile number
This information may be optionally provided.
Role
Each user can be a member of a group (named a “role” ) – there kinds can
be shose from: super, administrator, or an regular user.
To create an user press the button Create. The Modify button changes the
displayed user settings. To delete an user press the button Delete.
Note: The IP-KVM is equipped with an host-independent processor and
memory unit which both have a limitation in terms of the processing instructions
and memory space. To guarantee an acceptable response time we
recommend not exceeding the number of 15 users connected to the IP-KVM at
the same time. The memory space that is available onto the IP-KVM mainly
depends on the configuration and the usage of the IP-KVM (log file entries etc.).
That’s why we recommend not storing more than 150 user profiles.
- 55 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
6.4 KVM Settings
User Console
The following settings are user specific. That means, the super user can
customize these settings for every users separately. Changing the settings for
one user does not affect the settings for the other users.
- 56 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Diagram 6-13 User Console Setting
- 57 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
User select box
This selection box displays the user ID for which the values are
shown and for which the changes will take effect. You may change the settings of
other users if you have the required privileges.
Transmission Encoding
The Transmission Encoding setting allows changing the image-encoding
algorithm that is used to transmit the video data to the Remote Console window.
It is possible to optimize the speed of the remote screen processing depending
on the number of users working at the same time and the network bandwidth of
the connection line (Modem, ISDN, DSL, LAN, etc.).
Automatic detection
The encoding and the compression level is determined automatically from the
available bandwidth and the current content of the video image.
Pre-configured
The pre-configured settings deliver the best result because of optimized
adjustment of compression and colour depth for the indicated network speed.
Manually
Allows to adjust both compression rate and the colour depth individually.
Depending on the selected compression rate the data stream between the IP-KVM
and the Remote Console will be compressed in order to save bandwidth. Since high
compression rates consum more computing power of IP-KVM, they should not be
used while several users are accessing the IP-KVM simultaneously.
The standard color depth is 16 Bit (65536 colors). The other color depths are
intended for slower network connections in order to allow a faster transmission of
data. Therefore compression level 0 (no compression) uses only 16 Bit color depth.
At lower bandwidths only 4 Bit (16 colors) and 2 Bit (4 gray scales) are
recommended for typical desktop interfaces. Photo-like pictures have best results
with 4 Bit (16 gray scales). 1 Bit color depth (black/white) should only be used for
extremely slow network connections.
Remote Console Type
Specifies, which Remote Console Viewer to use.
Default Java-VM
Uses the default Java Virtual Machine of your Browser. This may be the Microsoft
JVM for the Internet Explorer, or the Sun JVM if it is configured this way. Use of the
Sun JVM may also be forced (see below).
Sun Microsystems Java Browser Plugin
Instructs the web browser of your administration system to use the JVM of Sun
Microsystems. The JVM in the browser is used to run the code for the Remote
Console window, which is actually a Java Applet. If you check this box for the first
time on your administration system and the appropriate Java plug-in is not already
installed on your system, it will be downloaded and installed automatically. However,
- 58 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
in order to make the installation possible, you still need to answer the according
dialogs with “yes”. The download volume is around 11 Mbytes.
The advantage of downloading Sun's JVM lays in providing a stable and identical
Java Virtual Machine across different platforms. The Remote Console software is
optimized for this JVM version and offers wider range of functionality when run in
SUN's JVM. Please make sure that you are installing Sun JVM v1.5 or above to your
client system.
Miscellaneous Remote Console Settings
Start in Monitor Mode
Sets the initial value for the monitor mode. By default the monitor mode is off. In
case you switch it on, the Remote Console window will be started in a read only
mode.
Start in Exclusive Access Mode
Enables the exclusive access mode immediately at Remote Console startup. This
forces the Remote Consoles of all other users to close. No one can open the Remote
Console at the same time again until this user disables the exclusive access or logs
off.
Mouse hotkey
Allows specifying a hotkey combination which starts either the mouse
synchronization process if pressed in the Remote Console, or is used to leave the
single mouse mode.
Remote Console Button Keys
Button Keys allow simulating keystrokes on the remote system that cannot be
generated locally. The reason for this might be a missing key or the fact, that the
local operating system of the Remote Console is unconditionally catching this
keystroke already. Typical examples are “Control+Alt+Delete” on Windows and DOS,
what is always caught, or “Control+Backspace” on Unix or Unix-like OS for
terminating the X-Server. The syntax to define a new Button Key is as follows:
[confirm] <keycode>[+|-[*]<keycode>]*
“confirm” requests confirmation by a dialog box before the key strokes will be sent
to the remote host.
“keycode” is the key to be sent. Multiple key codes can be concatenated with a
plus, or a minus sign. The plus sign builds key combinations, all keys will be pressed
until a minus sign or the end of the combination is encountered. In this case all
pressed keys should be released in reversed sequence. The minus sign builds single,
separate key presses and releases. The star inserts a pause with duration of 100
milliseconds.
- 59 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Keyboard/Mouse
Diagram 6-14 Keyboard and Mouse Settings
PS/2 Keyboard Model
Enables a certain keyboard layout. You can choose between “Generic 101-Key
PC” for a standard keyboard layout, “Generic 104-Key PC” for a standard keyboard
layout extendend by three additional windows keys, “Generic 106-Key PC” for a
Japanese keyboard, and “Apple Macintosh” for the Apple Macintosh.
Keyboard timeout
Recommanded as “enable” for keyboard timeout when host is UNIX or UNIX-like
OS.
Mouse Speed
•Auto mouse speed
Use this option if the mouse settings on host use an additional acceleration
setting. The IP-KVM tries to detect the acceleration and speed of the mouse during
the mouse sync process.
•Fixed mouse speed
Use a direct translation of mouse movements between the local and the remote
pointer.
You may also set a fixed scaling which determines the pixel-amount of the
remote mouse pointer movement when the local mouse pointer is moved by one
pixel. This option is used to manually control the remote mouse speed and only
works when the mouse settings on the host are linear. This means mouse
acceleration of OS should be disabled, and the intelligent mouse synchronization of
IP-KVM is not functioning under this setting.
•Absolute mouse scaling for MAC server
Use this option for MAC server.
To set the options, click on the button Apply.
- 60 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Video
Diagram 6-15 Video Settings
Miscellaneous Video Settings
•Noise filter
This option defines how the IP-KVM reacts to small changes in the video input signal.
Turning on the noise filter can help reduce video flickering that is often caused by
distortions, as well as lowering unnecessary bandwidth consumption. A large filter
setting needs less network traffic and leads to a faster video display, but small
changes in some display regions may not be recognized immediately. A small filter
displays all changes instantly but may lead to a constant amount of network traffic
even if the display content is not really changing (depending on the quality of the
video input signal). All in all the default setting should be suitable for most situations.
•Force Composite Sync (Required for Sun Computers)
When connecting the device directly to legacy Sun computer (with composite sync
as the video output, it may be possible that IP-KVM don’t recognize the composite
sync automatically. To support signal transmission from a Sun machine, enable
this option. If not enabled the picture of the remote console will not be visible.
To set the options, click on the button Apply.
- 61 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
6.5 Device Settings
- 62 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Network
The Network Settings panel allows changing network related parameters. Each
parameter will be explained below. Once applied the new network settings will
immediately come into effect.
Diagram 6-16 Network Settings
- 63 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Warning
Changing the network settings of the IP-KVM might result in losing
connection to it. In case you change the settings remotely make sure
that all the values are correct and you still have an option to access
the IP-KVM.
Dynamic DNS
Diagram 6-17 Dynamic DNS
- 64 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
A freely available Dynamic DNS service (www.dyndns.org) can be used in the
following scenario.
Ethernet
Administrator
Router/NAT
Private IP
Public IP
IP-KVM
Internet
Dynamic
DNS
Server
Diagram 6-18 Dynamic DNS Scenario
The IP-KVM is reachable via the IP address of the DSL router, which is
dynamically assigned by the provider. Since the administrator does not know the IP
address assigned by the provider, the IP-KVM connects to a special dynamic DNS
server in regular intervals and registers its IP address there. The administrator may
contact this server as well and pick up the same IP address relating to his IP-KVM
unit.
The administrator has to register an IP-KVM that is supposed to take part in the
service with the Dynamic DNS Server and assign a certain hostname to it. He will get
a nickname and a password in return to the registration process. This account
information together with the hostname is needed in order to determine the IP
address of the registered IP-KVM.
You have to perform the following steps in order to enable Dynamic DNS:
•Make sure that the LAN interface of the IP-KVM is properly configured.
•Enter the Dynamic DNS Settings configuration dialog as shown in Figure.
•Enable Dynamic DNS and change the settings according to your needs (see below).
Enable Dynamic DNS
This enables the Dynamic DNS service. This requires a configured DNS server IP
address.
Dynamic DNS server
This is the server name where IP-KVM registers itself in regular intervals. Currently,
this is a fixed setting since only dyndns.org is supported for now.
DNS System
Choose Dynamic for free DNS service. Custom for your own domain.
- 65 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Hostname
This is the hostname of the IP-KVM that is provided by the Dynamic DNS Server.
(use the whole name including the domain, e.g. testserver.dyndns.org , not just the
actual hostname).
Username
You have registered this username during your manual registration with the Dynamic
DNS Server. Spaces are not allowed in the Nickname.
Password
You have used this password during your manual registration with the Dynamic DNS
Server.
Check time
The IP-KVM registers itself for initiating the IP address of IP-KVM stored in the
Dynamic DNS server at this time.
Check interval
This is the interval for reporting again to the Dynamic DNS server for updating the IP
address associated with the Domain Name of the IP-KVM.
Warning
The IP-KVM has its own independent real time clock. Make sure the
time setting of the IP-KVM is correct. (See the Section Date and
Time )
- 66 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Security
Diagram 6-19 Device Security
Force HTTPS
If this option is enabled access to the web front-end is only possible using an HTTPS
connection. The IP-KVM will not listen on the HTTP port for incoming connections.
n case you want to create your own SSL certificate that is used to identify the
IP-KVM refer to the Section called Certificate.
KVM encryption
This option controls the encryption of the RFB protocol. RFB is used by the Remote
Console to transmit both the screen data to the administrator machine and keyboard
and mouse data back to the host. If set to “Off” no encryption will be used. If set to”
Try” the applet tries to make an encrypted connection. In case connection
establishment fails for any reason an unencrypted connection will be used.
If set to “Force” the applet tries to make an encrypted connection with certificate. An
error will be reported in case connection establishment fails.
Group-based System Access Control
This is the IP filtering function; it keeps unauthorized hosts from accessing to the
IP-KVM by specifying IP filtering rules. It is important to fully understand what an IP
filter is. If you don't fully understand this, you will get unexpected results against your
original plan.
Chain rule
The Chain rule determines whether the access from the hosts is allowed or not. It
can be one of these two values:

ACCEPT : access allowed

DROP : access not allowed
- 67 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
The rule can be configured to apply to a particular Group level (All, User, Super,
Administrator).
When the IP-KVM receives a TCP packet, it will process the packet with the chain
rule depicted below. The process ordering is important; the packet will enter the
chain rule 1 first, if meet the rule then take action directly, otherwise go to chain rule
2.
TCP packet
Rule 1
Yes
Action 1
Yes
Action 2
Yes
Action 3
Yes
Action 4
Yes
Action 5
No
Rule 2
No
Rule ..
No
Rule n
No
Default Rule
Diagram 6-20 Chain Rules of IP Filtering
Check the “Enable Group based System Access Control” to edit the rules
Users can add a new IP filtering rule by setting the properties at adding line by
Append or Insert. User can remove a rule by Remove or Delete.
- 68 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Diagram 6-21 IP Filter Settings
- 69 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Certificate
Diagram 6-22 Certificate Settings
- 70 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Serial Port
Diagram 6-23 Serial Port
- 71 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Date / Time
Diagram 6-24 Date / Time
This link refers to a page, where the internal real-time clock of the IP-KVM can
be set up. You have the possibility to adjust the clock manually, or to use a NTP
timeserver. Without a timeserver, your time setting will not be persistent, so you
have to adjust it again, after IP-KVM loses power for more than a few minutes.
To avoid this, you can use a NTP timeserver, which sets up the internal clock
automatically to the current UTC time. Because NTP server time is always UTC,
there is a setting that allows you to set up a static offset to get your local time.
Warning
There is currently no way to adjust the daylight saving time
automatically. So you have to set up the UTC offset twice a year
properly to the local rules of your country.
- 72 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Event Log
Diagram 6-25 Event Log
Important events like a login failure or a firmware update are logged to a selection of
logging destinations. Each of those events belongs to an event group, which can be
activated separately.
The common way to log events is to use the internal log list of the IP-KVM. To show
the log list, click on “Event Log” on the “Maintenance” page.
- 73 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
In the Event Log Settings you can choose how many log entries are shown on each
page. Furthermore, you can clear the log file here.
List logging enabled
The common way to log events is to use the internal log list of the IP-KVM . To show
the log list, click on “Event Log” on the “Maintenance” page.
Since the IP-KVM's system memory is used to save all the information, the maximum
number of possible log list entries is restricted to 1.000 events. Every entry that
exceeds this limit overrides the oldest one, automatically.
Warning
If the reset button on the HTML frontend is used to restart the IP-KVM, all logging
information is saved permanently and is available after the IP-KVM has been started.
If the IP-KVM loses power or a hard reset is performed, all logging data will be lost.
To avoid this, use one of the following log methods.
NFS Logging enabled
Define a NFS server, where a directory or a static link has to be exported, to write all
logging data to a file that is located there. To write logging data from more than one
IP-KVM devices to only one NFS share, you have to define a file name that is unique
for each device. When you change the NFS settings and press the button “Apply” ,
the NFS share will be mounted immediately. That means, the NFS share and the
NFS server must be filled with valid sources or you will get an error message.
SMTP Logging enabled
With this option, the IP-KVM is able to send Emails to an address given by the Email
address text field in the Event Log Settings. These mails contain the same
description strings as the internal log file and the mail subject is filled with the event
group of the occurred log event. In order to use this log destination you have to
specify a SMTP server, that has to be reachable from the IP-KVM device and that
needs no authentication at all (<serverip>:<port>).
SNMP Logging enabled
If this is activated, the IP-KVM sends a SNMP trap to a specified destination IP
address, every time a log event occurs. If the receiver requires a community string,
you can set it in the appropriate text field. Most of the event traps only contain one
descriptive string with all information about the log event. Only authentication and
host power events have an own trap class that consists of several fields with detailed
information about the occurred event. To receive this SNMP traps, any SNMP trap
listener may be used.
- 74 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Here is an example of all gerenated event and its event group.
Device succesfully started
Board Reset performed by user...
Firmware upload failed.
No firmware file uploaded.
Uploaded firmware file discarded.
Firmware validation failed.
Firmware file uploaded by user...
Firmware updated by user...
Internal log file cleared by user...
Security Violation
Host Power
Host Reset
Connection to Remote Console failed: reason.
Connection to client ... Established.
Connection to client ... Closed.
Login failed.
Login succeed.
device
device
device
device
device
device
device
device
device
security
host
host
console (several)
console
console
auth
Auth
Warning
In contrast to the internal log file on the IP-KVM, the size of the NFS
log file is not limited. Every log event will be appended to the end of
the file so it grows continuously and you may have to delete it or move
it away from time to time.
- 75 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
6.6 System Maintenance
The administrator performs various maintenance activities on the IP-KVM. These
include viewing its status, update firmware, view the event log and reset the unit.
Device Information
The Device Status page contains a table with information about the IP-KVM’s
hardware and firmware. This information is useful if technical support is required.
- 76 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Diagram 6-26 Device Information
The Data file for support allows you to download the IP-KVM data file with specific
support information. This is an XML file with certain customized support information
like the serial number etc. You may send us this information together with a support
request. It will help us to locate and solve your reported problem.
Figure 6-29 Connected Users
- 77 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Figure above displays the IP-KVM activity. From left to right the connected user(s), its
IP address (from which host the user comes from) and its activity status is displayed.
RC means that the Remote Console is open. If the Remote Console is opened in
exclusive mode the term (exclusive mode) is added. For more information about this
option see the Section called Remote Console Control Bar.
To display the user activity the last column contains either the term active for an
active user or 30 min idle for a user who is inactive for a certain amount of time.
Even log
The figure below displays the log list including the events that are logged by the
IP-KVM
Diagram 6-27 Event Log List
Update Firmware
Firmware can be easily upgraded via web page. This section describes the upgrade
procedures.
- 78 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Diagram 6-28 Update Firmwares
The IP-KVM is a complete standalone computer. The software it runs is called
firmware. The firmware of the IP-KVM can be updated remotely in order to install
new functionality or special features.
A new firmware update is a binary file which will be sent to you by email or which you
can download from the supplier web site. If the firmware file is compressed (file
suffix .zip) then you must unzip it before you can proceed. Under the Windows
operating system you may use WinZip from http://www.winzip.com/ for
decompression. Other operating systems might provide a program called unzip.
Before you can start updating the firmware of your IP-KVM the new uncompressed
firmware file has to be accessible on the system that you use for connecting to the
IP-KVM.
Warning!!!
This process is not reversible and might take few minutes. During this upgrading
process, we should not disconnect the power or the Ethernet cable, since it may causes
upgrade failure and destroy the image in Flash memory.
- 79 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
The IP-KVM will automatically initiate a self-reboot upon completion of upgrade
process to make newly upgraded firmware effective. At the end of countdown
counter expires, the browser will redirect user to the login homepage. Users shall
refer to Maintenance > Device Information page to check the firmware version and
confirm the operation.
Warning!!!
IP-KVM will verify firmware checksum before proceed upgrade procedure. The mechanism
help to prevent false firmware file to damage IP-KVM. It is crucial to keep a steady power
supply during the procedure otherwise the power-off event may damage the permanent
storage and disable IP-KVM.
Updating the firmware is a three-stage process:
1. Upload the new firmware file onto the IP-KVM unit.
Browse
2. In order to do that you need to select the file on your local system
using the button “Browse” of the Upload Firmware panel. Click Upload. Once
the firmware file has been uploaded, it is checked whether it is a valid firmware
file and whether there were any transmission errors. In case of any error the
Upload Firmware function will be aborted.
3.
If everything went well, you see the Update Firmware panel.
- 80 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
The panel shows you the version number of the currently running
firmware and the version number of the uploaded firmware. Pressing
Update will store the new version and substitute the old one completely.
4. After the firmware updated successfully, the device will be rebooted
and redirected to the login web page automatically.
Check out the device information to see the updated firmware is running.
- 81 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Unit Reset
This section allows you to reset specific parts of the device. This involves resetting
keyboard/mouse, USB, video engine, or the IP-KVM device itself.
In general, the IP-KVM requires a reset when implementing a firmware update. In the
event of an abnormal operation, a number of subsystems may be reset without
resetting the entire IP-KVM.
Click Maintenance > Unit Reset, the following window displays.
Diagram 6-29 Unit Reset
To reset a certain IP-KVM functionality click on the Reset button as displayed in
figure below.
- 82 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Clicking on Reset of Reset Device will reboot the IP-KVM system. It will close all
current connections to the administration console and to the Remote Console. The
whole process will take about one minute. Resetting subdevices (e.g. video engine)
will take few seconds only and does not result in closing connections.
Note: Only the super user is allowed to reset the IP-KVM.
Appendix
USB Emulation Keyboard
Mac Keyboard
The PC compatible (101/104 keys) keyboard can emulate the functions of
the Mac keyboard. The emulation mappings are listed in the below table:
PC Keyboard
MAC Keyboard
[Shift]
Shift
[Ctrl]
Ctrl
L_Win & “1”
L_Win & “2”
L_Win & “3”
L_Win & F12
[Alt]
Alt
[Print Screen]
F13
[Scroll Lock]
F14
=
[Enter]
Return
[Backspace]
Delete
[Insert]
Help
- 83 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
Sun Keyboard
The PC compatible (101/104 keys) keyboard can emulate the functions of the
Sun keyboard when the control key [L_Win] is used in conjunction with other
keys.The corresponding functions are shown in the below table:
PC Keyboard
Sun Keyboard
L_Win&L_Alt
Stop
L_Win&F4
Again
L_Win&L_Ctrl
Props
L_Win&F5
Undo
L_Win&F1
Front
L_Win&F6
Copy
L_Win&F2
Open
L_Win&F7
Paste
L_Win&F3
Find
L_Win&F8
Cut
L_Win&”1”
V_DN
L_Win&”2”
Mute
L_Win&”3”
V_UP
L_Win&F12
Power
L_Win&F11
Help
L_Win&L_Shift
Compose
◆
- 84 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
Specifications
User Manual
Model
Computer Connections
Port Selection
Console
Connector
Switch
LED indicator
monitor
keyboard
mouse
KVM console
8*HDB-15
Female(yellow)
Cascade Port
LAN
IP
Serial port
module
Mini USB
1*HDB-15 Female(yellow)
Standard RJ-45 interface
DB9 (male)
USB 2.0 type B
Port Selection
8* LEDs
16 * LEDs
Online
8 (green)
16 (green)
Selected
8 (orange)
16 (orange)
Cascade display
2*7- Segment (orange)
KVM console (Java setup), terminal
control
Setting the console(Load setup default)
Network Serial(Directly access to a serial
port)
Power Control
DHCP, fixed IP, DDNS
TCP, IP, ARP, ICMP, HTTP/HTTPS, SSH,
DHCP, NTP, DNS and dynamic DNS
Web, Utility, Telnet, Serial port
Remote Console
Remote
XM0108i
XM0116i
8
16
Front panel pushbuttons, OSD
1*HDB-15 Female(blue)
1 * 6P Mini-DIN F(purple)
1* 6P Mini-DIN F(green)
2* USB type A
Serial Port mode
IP set value
Protocols
Managing Interface
I/R value
DC 12V ; 2.5A
Video Signal
2048×1536;DDC2B
Power Consumption
Port
Keyboard/mouse
Emulation
Operating
Temperature
Environment
Requirements Store Temperature
8W
Physical
Features
16*HDB-15
Female(yellow)
10W
PS/2 , USB
0-50℃
-20-60℃
Humidity
0-80%RH,Non-condensing
Material
Metal
Weight
2.3kg
Dimension
440*169*43mm
- 85 -
2.4kg
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
FAQ
1. The KVM console doesn’t work when I connect and use the console for the first
time.
Solutions:
1) Power off the KVM and disconnect the monitor, keyboard and mouse.
2) Disconnect all the signal cables connected to the KVM.
3) Disconnect all the signal cables connected to the PC, especially those cables with
USB or PS/2 port.
4) Make sure the monitor, keyboard and mouse are correctly connected to the KVM
console and work properly.
5)Then power on KVM and you hear the boot indicating sound from the beeper,a
screen automatically pop up for you to enter the user name and password.
6) Type in the correct user name and password, then the OSD main menu pop up on
the screen.
7) Check the KVM console and make sure it can normally switch ports.
8) Connect one server (PC) to one of the KVM ports with signal cable and check port
switching function, check the keyboard and mouse, if they are not working, try to
re-start the server (PC).
9) After successfully finishing all above steps, gradually add server (PC) to this
console until meet your need.
2. There is no pop up window to type in user name and password or the pop up
window is not normally displayed.
Solutions:
1) Check the AC/DC output.
2) Make sure you have heard the indicating sound and the keyboard LED is on after
starting up the computer.
3) Check the LED power and make sure the LED signal cable has connected to the
KVM console.
3. I can’t log in the KVM system after starting computer.
Solutions:
1)Make sure the KVM keyboard is working, the user name and password is correct.
The default value is blank, you can log in after press Enter.
2)Reconnect the USB or PS/2 keyboard.
4. I can’t switch from one port to another after logging in the KVM system.
Solutions:
1)Invoke the OSD main menu and check the user name on the top left, make sure
the user has got the access permission from the administrator.
2) Please contact the distributor or the KVM manufacturer.
5. Poor display quality of PC screen.
Solutions:
1)Check the signal cables, make sure they are connected.
2) Reset the monitor’s display settings.
- 86 -
XM0108i/XM0116i
User Manual
6. When I switch to one port, the keyboard and mouse do not work.
Solutions:
1)Make sure you have exited the OSD menu.
2)Invoke the OSD main menu and check the user name on the top left, make sure
the user has got the access permission from the administrator.
3) Pull out the USB port of the server (PC) then plug in.
4) If you connected the PC with PS/2 port, try to re-start the server (PC).
7. I can’t invoke the OSD main menu.
Solutions:
1)Check the keyboard to make sure it is working.
2)Double click 【Scroll_Lock】.
3)Double click 【F12】
4)Double click 【Caps Lock】
8.OSD in messy code or bad display when cascading.
Solution:
Invoke OSD menu after cascading, select 【Load default】in 【F1】function, press
Enter to refresh OSD ROM.
9. I can’t access to IP module.
Solutions:
1)Check the network(check the IP-KVM’s IP address
2)Check whether the IP-KVM has been powered on.
3)Check the IP-KVM’s IP address and other related IP address, check the router
settings.
10.Forget the password to access the IP module.
Solutions:
1)Try to use the default user name “Super”and default password “Pass”.
2)Please contact your supplier if you forget your changed password.
11.Key combination such as ALT+F2, ALT+F3 are intercepted by the console and
can’t be transmitted to the controlled port.
Solution:
Define “Remote combination key” from the web page of the IP module.
ConfigurationRemote Button Key
12.Browser doesn’t conform to the IP module.
Solutions:
1) Check the browser cache setting
2) Make sure the browser cache setting is not set as “never refresh page”, if you set
as “never refresh page”, it will load through the browser instead of the IP module.
13.Remote mouse doesn’t work or can’t be synchronized.
Solution:
Please make sure the IP module’s mouse setting is correct.
- 87 -
Download PDF
Similar pages