CE Declaration of conformity FCC Warning

CE Declaration of conformity
This equipment complies with the requirements relating to electromagnetic compatibility,
EN 55022 class A for ITE, the essential protection requirements of Council Directive
89/336/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to
electromagnetic compatibility.
FCC Warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limitations are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if no installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into a different outlet from that the receiver is connected.
Consult your local distributors or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Shielded interface cables must be used in order to comply with emission limits.
Changes or modifications to the equipment, which are not approved by the party
responsible for compliance, could affect the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Company has an on-going policy of upgrading its products and it may be possible that
information in this document is not up-to-date. Please check with your local distributors
for the latest information. No part of this document can be copied or reproduced in any
form without written consent from the company.
Trademarks:
All trade names and trademarks are the properties of their respective companies.
Copyright © 2002, All Rights Reserved.
Document Version: 2.0
Table of Contents
1. Unpacking Information
2.
Introduction To 10/100/1000Mbps Gigabit Switch
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.1.1
2.3.1.2
2.3.2
2.3.2.1
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2
General Description
Key Features
The Front Panel
System LEDs
Power LED
Trunk A/B LED
Port LEDs
Speed/Link and Act LED
The Rear Panel
Power Connecting
Console Port
3. Installing And Using 10/100/1000Mbps Gigabit Switch
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.3.1
3.1.3.2
3.1.3.3
4.
Installing the 10/100/1000Mbps Gigabit Switch
Desktop Installation
Rack-Mount Installation
Installing Network Cables
Station Connection with Twisted-Pair Cable
Switch to Switch Connections with Twisted-Pair Cable
Network Application
Console Program
5. Switching Operation
5.1
5.2
5.3
6.
MAC Address Table & Learning
Filtering and Forwarding
Store and Forward
Product Specifications
1
1. Unpacking Information
Thank you for purchasing the 8-port 10/100/1000Mbps Gigabit Smart Switch. Before
you start, please check all the contents of this package.
The product package should include the following:
1. One 8-port 10/100/1000Mbps Gigabit Smart Switch
2. One power cord
3. Rubber foot
4. Rack-mount brackets and screws (Optional for 11-inch model)
5. User’s Manual
2
2. Introduction To 10/100/1000Mbps Gigabit Switch
2.1
General Description
The device is a powerful, high-performance 10/100/1000Mbps Fast Ethernet and
Gigabit switch, with all 8 ports capable of 10/100/1000Mbps auto-negotiation
operation (NWay), which means the switch could automatically negotiate with the
connected partners on the network speed and duplex mode. Moreover, the
10/100/1000Mbps auto-sensing ability provides an easy way to migrate 10Mbps to
100Mbps or 1000Mbps networks with no pain. Compared to the shared 10Mbps,
100Mbps or 1000Mbps networks, the switch delivers a dedicated 10/100/1000Mbps
connection to every attached client with no bandwidth congestion issue.
All Gigabit ports support auto-negotiation operation, auto MDI-X crossover function
and Full-Duplex mode. They are ideal for micro-segmenting large networks into
smaller, connected subnets for improved performance, enabling the bandwidth
demanding multimedia and imaging applications. The device also provides the fat
pipe to the servers or backbone connection for boosting the total system
performance.
The built-in smart capabilities, VLAN, Port-Trunking, Port Config, Port Priority, Port
snooping and 4-level IP priority, empowered system administrator to monitor and
control the network easily.
Store-and-forward switching mode promises the low latency plus eliminates all the
network errors, including runt and CRC error packets. To work under full-duplex
mode, transmission and reception of the frames can occur simultaneously without
causing collisions as well as double the network bandwidth.
The switch is plug-n-play without any software to configure and also fully compliant
with all kinds of network protocols. Moreover, the rich diagnostic LEDs on the
front-panel can provide the operating status of individual port and whole system.
3
For network connection:
The switch can use the following types of cabling:
10BASE-T: Category 3, 4 or 5 UTP/STP
100BASE-TX: Category 5 UTP/STP
1000BASE-T: Category 5 UTP/STP
Category 5 cable is preferred to use with this product in structured wiring
environments. This will ensure correct operation of all ports at 10Mbps,
100Mbps or 1000Mbps.
4
2.2
Key Features
The switch provides the following key features:
Complies with 10BASE-T specifications of the IEEE802.3 standard.
Complies with 100BASE-TX specifications of IEEE802.3u standard.
Complies with 1000BASE-T specifications of IEEE802.3ab standard.
Complies with IEEE802.3x Full Duplex operation and Flow Control
8 * RJ-45 ports for 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX and 1000BASE-T connectivity.
Supports NWay protocol for speed (10/100/1000Mbps) and duplex mode (Full/Half)
auto-detection
Supports auto MDI/MDI-X function on all ports.
Supports Full/Half Duplex mode on 10/100Mbps speed and Full Duplex mode on
1000Mbps speed.
Wire-speed packet filtering and forwarding rate.
Store-and-forward architecture filters fragment & CRC error packets.
Supports 7 groups port-base VLAN
Supports 2 groups port-trunk
Supports 4-level IP priority
Supports 4-level Port priority
Supports 8K MAC address learning table
Supports 256KBytes buffer memory (SSRAM)
Supports extensive LED indicators for network diagnostics
Internal universal switching power supply (100-240 VAC / 50-60 Hz)
FCC Class A, CE
5
2.3
The Front Panel
The front panel of the switch is shown as below.
The auto-negotiation feature of the switch allows each port of the device
running at one of the following operation modes:
Port
Gigabit
Speed
1000 Mbps
100 Mbps
10 Mbps
Duplex Mode
Full Duplex
Full Duplex
Half Duplex
Full Duplex
Half Duplex
Each port supports auto MDI/MDI-X capability that is the port could connect either
the PC or hub without any cable adjustment.
6
LEDs Definition
The rich diagnostic LEDs on the front-panel can provide the operating status of
individual port and whole system. The following table is a summary for LEDs
definition.
Type
System
Port
2.3.1
2.3.2
LED
Power
Status
Steady Green
Off
Steady Green
Trunk A/B
Off
1000M LINK Steady Green
Off
100M LINK Steady Green
Off
10M LINK
Steady Green
Off
ACT
Blinking Green
Off
Operation
Power is on
Power is off
Trunk mode enable
Disable
Connected as 1000Mbps
Not connected as 1000Mbps
Connected as 100Mbps
Not connected as 100Mbps
Connected as 10Mbps
Not connected as 10Mbps
There is traffic transverses the port
No connection
System LEDs
System LED indicators are located on the front panel for showing the operating
status of the whole device.
2.3.1.1
Power LED
This indicator lights green when the switch is receiving power;
otherwise, it is off.
2.3.1.2
Trunk A/B LED
The switch supports 2 groups port-trunk; port-1 and port-2 belong to
“Trunk A”, port-7 and port-8 belong to “Trunk B”. This indicator lights
green when the relative group is functioning.
Port LEDs
Port LED indicators are located on the front panel for showing the operating
status of each port.
7
2.3.2.1
Speed/LINK and ACT LED
Every port has four LEDs (1000M LINK, 100M LINK, 10M LINK, ACT)
for indicating the speed and connection status.
If the port is connected but the Speed/LINK LED (1000M/100M/10M)
and Activity (ACT) LED is dark, check the following items:
1. The switch and the connected device’s power are on or not
2. The port’s cable is firmly seated in its connectors in the switch
and in the associated device.
3. The connecting cable is good and with correct type
4. The connecting device, including any network adapter is functioning.
2.4
The Rear Panel
The rear panel of the switch is shown as below.
2.4.1
Power Connecting
For compatibility with electric service in most areas of the world, the switch’s
power supply automatically adjusts to line power in the range 100-240 VAC
and 50-60 Hz.
Plug the female end of the power cord firmly into the receptacle on the rear
panel of the switch. Plug the other end of the power cord into an electric
service outlet then the power will be ready.
8
2.4.2
Console Port
Through the console port, it provides rich diagnostic information includes
network statistics, link status and system setting. The operating mode of the
console port is:
DCE
9600 ( Fix baud rate )
8 ( 8 Data bits )
n ( No parity checking )
1 (1 stop bit )
None ( None flow control )
You could use a normal RS-232 cable and connect to the console port on the
device. After the connection, you could run any terminal emulation program
(Hyper Terminal, Winterm, Telix, … and so on) to enter the startup screen of
the device. For all the detail software operation, please refer to “Console
Program” session.
9
3. Installing and Using 10/100/1000Mbps Gigabit Switch
3.1
Installing The 10/100/1000Mbps Gigabit Switch
The switch does not require software configuration. Users can immediately use
most of the features simply by attaching the cables and turning the power on.
3.1.1
Desktop Installation
For desktop installation, the switch needs to put on a clean, flat desk or table
close to a power outlet. Plug in all network cables and the power cord, then the
system is ready.
Before installing the switch, you must ensure:
1. It is accessible and cables can be connected easily
2. Cabling is away from:
*Sources of electrical noise such as radios, transmitters and broadband
amplifiers
*Power lines and fluorescent lighting fixtures.
3. Keep water or moisture off
4. Airflow around the unit and through the vents in the side of the case is great
for heat radiation (company recommend that you provide a minimum of 25
mm clearance)
To prolong the operational life of your units:
1. Never stack unit more than eight sets high if freestanding
2. Do not place objects on top of any unit or stack
3. Do not obstruct any vents at the sides of the case
10
3.1.2
Rack-Mount Installation
The switch may standalone, or may be mounted in a standard 19-inch
equipment rack. Rack mounting produces an orderly installation when you
have a number of related network devices. The switch is supplied with two
mounting brackets and screws (Optional for 11-inch model). These are used
for rack mounting the unit.
Rack Mounting the Switch
The switch should be able to fit in the 19-inch rack.
1. Disconnect all cables from the switch before continuing.
2. Place the unit on a hard, flat surface with the front facing toward you.
3. Locate a mounting bracket over the mounting holes on one side of the unit.
4. Insert the screws and fully tighten with a suitable screwdriver.
5. Repeat the two previous steps for the other side of the unit.
6. Insert the unit into the 19-inch rack and secure with screws (not provided).
7. Reconnect all cables.
11
3.1.3
Installing Network Cables
After placing the switch on the desktop, we need to know how to connect the
device to network.
3.1.3.1
Station Connections
Connect each station to the switch by a category 5 twisted-pair cable
(straight or cross-over cable). Plug one RJ-45 connector into a
front-panel port of the switch, and plug the other RJ-45 connector into
the station’s network adapter.
3.1.3.2
Switch-to-Switch Connections
In making a switch-to-switch connection, you could use any port to
connect another switch with straight or crossover cable.
As all ports support auto MDI/MDI-X function, the connection is
independent of cable type and allows using a straight cable to make a
switch-to-switch connection.
The switch supports 2 groups port-trunk; port-1 and port-2 belong to
“Trunk A”, port-7 and port-8 belong to “Trunk B”. As each port-trunk
group provides 4 Gigabit bandwidth on Full Duplex mode, it is ideal
for establishing switch-to-switch connection.
12
3.1.3.3
Network Application
13
4.
Console Program
Console Port
The switch provides a RS-232 console port for direct console management.
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Description
DCD (Data Carrier Detect)
RX (Receive)
TX (Transmit)
DTR (Data Terminal Ready)
GND (Ground)
DSR (Data Set Ready)
RTS (Request To Send)
CTS (Clear To Send)
N/A
5
1
9
6
(RS-232 DB-9, DCE/female connector)
When connecting a terminal directly to the switch, use a serial RS-232 (straight
through) cable.
Switch
RS232 Cable
Console Management
Provide out-of-band management via console user interface (RS-232)
Please follow de-factor standard VT-100 terminal. Otherwise, the terminal will
show disorder display.
14
Main menu
After system test program, Press [Ctrl] + [S] to start the first setting screen as shown
as below:
This powerful 8-port Gigabit Smart Switch provides the following management function:
Function
<1> Port Status
<2> Port Config
<3> Mirror Config
<4> VLAN Config
<5> Trunk Config
<6> Misc Config
<Ctrl_W> Write Config
<Ctrl_D> Set Default
<Ctrl_Q> Exit
<TAB> Next Item
<BACKSPACE> Back
<Enter> Toggle
Statement
Control Key
It is a summary of port status and configuration
[1]
You could check operating status of all ports and
setup the port configuration, like speed, duplex
[2]
mode, flow control and Port Priority.
When a port is mirroring, every packet could be
[3]
monitored
Supports up to 7 groups port-base VLAN
[4]
Review and setup the port trunk function. It
[5]
supports up to 2 port-trunk groups
Including IP priority map, Aging time.
[6]
Save the current settings
[Ctrl+W]
Reset to initial state
[Ctrl+D]
Save and exit
[Ctrl+Q]
Move to next setting
[Tab]
Return to previous item
[Backspace]
Adjust the value of the item
[Enter]
Remark:
Before you disconnect the management console, remember to press the control key
[Ctrl]+[Q], or the settings you revised will not apply.
15
Port Status/Configuration
The [Port Config] menu includes:
Port speed and duplex mode setting: 10/100/1000Mbps, Full/Half duplex mode and
auto-negotiation
Flow control: enable/disable.
Port priority: The packets in a higher port-priority (0~3) will be sent firstly. The
smaller number, the lower priority.
You could change the default setting by the function key.
For example:
If you want to set port-1 to auto-negotiation and let flow control enable, please follow the
directions listed as below:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Move the cursor to port-1 “Speed/Dpx” setting column by pressing [Tab].
Press [Enter] to select “Auto” auto-negotiation mode.
Then press [Tab] to “FlowControl” setting column.
Press [Enter] to select flow control “Enable” function.
Press [Tab] and [Enter] key to select the port-priority
Press [Backspace] to return to the previous item and continue, or press [Ctrl] + [W] to
apply the setting
16
Mirror Config
The Smart Switch provides Mirror Configuration to snoop a specified port. Setup a
monitored port and monitored mode, and then the packets will be duplicated to the
snooping port.
For Example:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press [Enter] to enable the port mirroring,
Press [Tab] then [Enter] key to select the monitored port
Press [Tab] then [Enter] key to select the snooping port
Press [Tab] then [Enter] key to select the kinds of packets you want to snoop
Press [Backspace] to return to the previous item and continue, or press [Ctrl] + [W] to
apply the setting
If port-1 is “Monitored port” and port-8 is “Snooping Port”, all the packets come into
port-1 will be duplicated to port-8 where snooping PC allocates. Then system
administrator could analyze the packets with management tools.
Remark:
Mirror and Trunk functions can not be enabled simultaneously.
17
VLAN Config
This 8-port Gigabit Smart Switch provides 7 port-base VLAN groups, and each VLAN
groups could comprise 1-8 port.
You can select some ports into the same VLAN group by symbol “V”. If the packets
come into one port, which only belongs to one VLAN group, the packets just can be
forwarded to another ports of this VLAN group.
For Example:
When one packet comes into port-1 or port-3, the packet could be forward to VLAN 1 and
VLAN 2. It means only port-1, 3, 5, 6, 8 (VLAN1) and port-1, 3, 7 (VLAN2) will receive the
packet. But when packet comes into port-8, only port-1, 3, 5, 6, 8 (VLAN1) will receive the
packet. On the other hand, if one packet comes into port-2, only port-4 will receive this
packet.
18
Trunk Config
This switch provides 2 trunk groups. Simply by press [Enter] key to enable Trunk groups.
Port-1 and port-2 belong to “Trunk A”, port-7 and port-8 belongs to “Trunk B”.
For Example:
1. Simply by press [Enter] key to enable Trunk A or B
2. Press [Tab] key then [Enter] key to select the [Balancing Method]
3. Press [Backspace] to return to the previous item and continue, or press [Ctrl] + [W] to
apply the setting
Remark:
1. According to your devices’ MAC addresses, you can choose an applicable “Balancing
Method” to balance your “Port Trunk” data flow.
2. Mirror and Trunk functions can not be enabled simultaneously.
19
Misc Config
This Misc configuration setting includes the Aging Time of learning table and priority map.
There are 4 levels (300, 600, 900, 1200sec) for Aging Time, and 4 priority-level for Tos
(Type of service). The main setting menu is shown as below:
For Example:
Aging Time---A MAC address will be eliminated from learning table if it keeps silent
when “Aging Time” is up.
Press [Enter] key to select Aging Time
IP Priority Mapping---The smaller number the lower priority. Packets with higher
priority-tag will be sent first.
1. Press [Enter] key to enable “IP Priority Mapping”
2. Press [Tab] key and [Enter] key to determine the priority-level (0~3) of every Tos
(0~7)
3. When one packet carries with priority-tag which has specified a “Tos” comes into the
switch, the specified “Tos” will determine what priority will it get according to the IP
priority map in the switch.
Remark:
For “IP priority ”, your network interface card must support Tos function and have setup
Tos priority level first.
20
Write Config
At any time when you press [Ctrl]+[W], the system will save your current settings.
Set Default
If you want the all values to back to the factory default, press [Ctrl]+[D] then the system
will return to initial state immediately.
Save and exit
At any time when you press [Ctrl]+[Q], the system will save your settings and disconnect
the connectivity simultaneously.
21
5.
Switch Operation
5.1
MAC Address Table and Learning
The switch is implemented with a MAC address table, which is composed of many
entries. Each entry is used to store the address information of network nodes on the
network, including MAC address, port ID, etc. The information is the most important
base to do packet filtering and forwarding.
When one packet comes in from any port, the switch will learn the source address,
port ID, and the other related information in address table. Therefore, the content of
the MAC table will update dynamically.
5.2
Filtering and Forwarding
When one packet comes in from any port of the switch, it will check the destination
address besides the source address learning. The switch will look up the address
table for the destination address. If not found, this packet will be forwarded to all the
other ports except the port where the packet comes in. If found, and the destination
address is located at different port from this packet comes in, the packet will be
forwarded to the port where this destination address is located according to the
information of address table. But, if the destination address is located at the same
port as this packet comes in, this packet will be filtered.
5.3
Store and Forward
Store-and-forward is one kind of packet-forwarding methodology. As a
store-and-forward switch, it will store the complete packet in the internal buffer and
do the complete error checking before transmitting to the network. Therefore, no
error packets will disturb the network. It is the best choice when a network needs
efficiency and stability.
22
6.
Product Specifications
Standard
IEEE802.3, 10BASE-T
IEEE802.3u, 100BASE-TX
IEEE802.3ab, 1000BASE-T
Interface
8 * RJ-45 10/100/1000 ports (Auto MDI-X)
Cable Connections
RJ-45 (10BASE-T): Category 3,4,5 UTP/STP
RJ-45 (100BASE-TX): Category 5 UTP/STP
RJ-45 (1000BASE-T): Category 5 UTP/STP
Network Data Rate
Gigabit Ethernet (10/100/1000Mbps)
Transmission Mode
10Mbps
100Mbps
1000Mbps
LED indications
System
Power
Trunk A
Trunk B
Port
1000M LINK
100M LINK
10M LINK
ACT
System Buffer Memory
256 KBytes
MAC Address Table
8K entries
Filtering/Forwarding Rate
10Mbps: 14,880pps/14,880pps
100Mbps: 148,800pps/148,800pps
1000Mbps 1,488,100pps/1,488,100pps
Emission
Operating Temperature
Operating Humidity
FCC Class A, CE
00 ~ 500C (320 ~ 1220F)
10% - 90%
Power Supply
100-240 VAC, 50~60 Hz
Full/Half Duplex
Full/Half Duplex
Full Duplex
61NB-5708B-200
23
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