Thank you for purchasing this Flash Feeder Compact. Flash Feeder Compact is the new, improved model of the Flash Feeder, which was the first universal battery supply on the market that was specifically dcsigned for the photographic industry. It is made for professionals who want to use their professional studio flash equipment on location. Using Flash Feeder Compact, a photographer is filly independent of mains power supply. The unit's unique multiple charging possibilities extends its universality and enables recharging of thc batteries even on location where the mains power supply is not available. In addition, there are different options to extend the autonomy, including a quick battery replacing system. All integrated automatic systems and protections have been developed to make the use of Flash Feeder Compact as simple as possible. So a photographer can really "forget" about the unit and focus on photographing. Though Flash Feeder Compact is abIe to supply certain larger power packs with connected flash power up to 12800 Ws (2x6400), it gives the best results when used with compact flashes and smaller power packs. Please be sure to read the following instruction manual (including warnings!) carefully before using Flash Feeder Compact; For additional information, please contact your local distributor or ELEKTRONA. We wish you success with your location shooting. GENERAL DESCRIPTION Flash Feeder Compact is a compact, multi-functional electronic power supply device. Its electronics are specially developed to supply studio flash units on location. The unit has an extensive range of protective measures ensuring operating reliability and long service life. Flash Feeder Compact incorporates the following sub-devices: - Sine-wavc inverter for supplying flashes (converts DC battery voltage to the mains-like AC voltage of 230 V) - Fast battery charger for charging internal battery: - Supply from mains - Supply from 12/24 V external DC voltage (external battery, vehicles cigarette lighter or solar PV (photo voltage) system) - BatteryPack(24V/7,2Ah) - Signalization (visible and audible) - Heavy-duty. compact water-proof casing Make sure both switches (12, 1'3) are switched OFF (position "OFF")before connecting any cord to Flash Feeder Compact (sockets 14, 15, 20, 21). Also check that the flash unit(s) are switched OFF before connecting to the Flash Feeder Compact. Before connecting Flash Feeder Compact, check if the input voltages are adapted to those given on the control panel of this unit: Mains supply voltage (to inlet 20) must be between 100 and 240 V AC nominal, while the frequency must be between 50 and 60 Hz. - 3 - External DC voltage (to inlet A14) must be 12 or 24 Y DC nominal. This voltage must not exceed28 V DC. In addition, make sure that the input supply voltage of the applied flash unit(s) correspondsto the output("FLASH SUPPLY")voltageof FlashFeederCompact.This voltage(from outlet 21) is 230 Yl50Hznominal. Also the DC load, connectedto the 24Y DC (internal battery) output (15) must be able to take 20-26V DC (up to 30 V DC when the unit is charging). Check if the audible signal is active - the beeperswitch (3) should be pressedin. The yellow beeperindicator (a) is ON when the audible signal is active (only when unit is switchedON with the switch(12 or 13)). CHARGING GENERAL The chargingprocedureis fully automatic,using a three-stepconstantcurrent constantvoltage control method. The battery is almost fully re-chargedduring the first, fast charging period "CHARGER - FAST" indicator (S) is ON. The completely dischargedbattery 000% yellow depth of discharge)can be re-chargedin two and half hours to approximately 75-90% of its nominal capacityin this first period. After that, the automaticsswitch from fast chargingto float"CHARGER - FLOAT" indicator (7) is ON and (8) is blinking) fast charging mode (green where the remaining amount of capacity is recharged.After the battery is re-chargedto 100%, the (8) indicator stopsblinking and the chargeris in float charging state.You can safely charge Flash Feeder Compact for up to one week (indicator (7) is ON) without any damageto the intemal battery.If the battery is only partly discharged,the fast charging time is proportionally shorter. Although the batteries are almost completely charged during the fast charging period, it is recommendedthat Flash Feeder Compact is further charged until fast charging indicator (8) stopsblinking: 1) After eachusewheneverpossible; 2) Always before storage; 3) Every three months during storage. Anyway, Flash FeederCompact can be used without damageto the battery immediately after "no memoty" fast chargingor even when only partly re-charged,since the internal battery has effect. Charging before use (after long storagetimes): RechargeFlash FeederCompact before use to compensatethe capacityloss due to self-dischargeduring storage. IMPORTANT !!! Tf is highly recommendedthat Flash FeederCompact is charged as soon . This will extend the battery servicelife. A long pausebetweendischargingand rechargingmay causedeterioration in the battery's performance and shorten its service life. The length of the pause (days) increasesthe da 4 BATTERY LEVEL MONITORING When charging, the internal battery level indicator (5) is in charging mode. Immediately after charging, the battery indicator switches to a normal mode and may indicate "full battery" even when the battery has been only partly charged. For the correct battery level indication wait 10 minutes (until the battery's voltage stabilizes) or do the following: - Disconnect Flash Feeder Compact from mains (20) or/and external battery (14). Turn the switch (12) to "FLASH SUPPLY", with no load connected to the output (21). After a few seconds the indicator (5) shows the actual capacity level of the internal battery. IMPORTANT. Always make sure that the green "CHARGER" indicator (8 or 7) is ON during charging. CHARGING FROM MAINS Connect Flash Feeder Compact (20) with properly grounded mains, using the AC power cord supplied with the unit. Switch the charger ON with the "CHARGER switch (13). After a short beep, the "CHARGER" indicator (8 or 7) shows the internal battery is charging. Additional Battery Pack(s) if connected to (15) or/and Battery Case if connected to (1 I), may also be charged at the same time. The charging procedure is fully automatic. The charging time (in fast charging mode) is 2.5 hours to recharge the completely discharged internal battery. .. CAUTION! 0 or 13) ON and OFF, as this can cause breakage of the mains fuse (19). CHARGING FROM EXTERNAL 12/24 V DC VOLTAGE Flash Feeder Compact can be connected (14) with different 12 or 24 V DC sources: - External Battery - Cigarette Lighter Socket (vebicle, boat, solar system) - Solar (Photovoltaic) System Connect Flash Feeder Compact (14) to the external battery, solar system or into vehicle lighter socket by means of the DC Power Cord (code FF3-1001-A or 1002-A). Switch the charger ON with the charger switch (13). After a short beep, the "CHARGER indicator (8 or 7) shows the internal battery is charging. Additional Battery Pack(s) if connected to (15) andfor Battery Ca'se(s) if comected to (1 1), may also be charged at the same time. The charging procedure is fully automatic. Charging time (fast charging mode) to recharge the completely discharged internal battery: - 2 hours when charging from 12 or 24 V external battery Depends on instantaneous power from the solar photo-voltage panel - When the external battery approaches low level, a short beep will sound and a short blink of the low external battery indicator (6). As the external battery becomes lower, beeping and blinking 5 becomes more frequent until the charger stops permanently and the low external battery indicator (6) is ON permanently. When this happens, the charger should also be switched OFF manually (with the charger switch (13) and disconnected fiom the external battery. Flash Feeder Compact can be charged fiom either 12 or 24 V DC. It can be connected to a vehicle lighter socket (car, boat, bus, truck, etc.), with the DC Power Cord with lighter plug (code FF3-1001) or direct to any 12 or 24 V car battery using the DC Power Cord with clamps (code FF3-1002-A). Vehicle charging is possible in both cases - whilst driving as well as when the vehicle's engine is switched off. In all cases, there is an electronic protection against reverse polarity connection of the external battery. IMPORTANT. The external battery overdischarging protection functions differently, depending on the type of the DC Power Cord connected to the unit: - The DC Power Cord with a cigarette lighting plug (code FF3-1001) is made for vehicle (boat) charging. By using this cord, Flash Feeder Compact automatically stops charging when there is still enough energy in the starting battery to safely start the vehicle's engine. IJTTON In spite of this special precaution, there could be a problem when starting the engine at a very low ambient temperature and/or if the starting battery has deteriorated. - The DC Power Cord with clamps (code FF3-1002-A) is made for direct connection to the external battery. By using this cord, Flash Feeder Compact efficiently use all of the external battery's available energy. To prevent over-discharging, the automatic protection stops the charger at the voltage level, where the external battery is empty - discharged to 100% depth of discharge. When charging fiom photovoltaic (solar) system, we also recommend the use of the Power Cord with clamps. The external battery protections are adapted to the external batteries of (sealed) lead-acid type, e.g. car starting batteries, For use of other battery types like Ni-Cd, Ni-MU or others, please consult ELEKTRONA. In both cases (cord with clamps or lighter plug), Flash Feeder Compact automatically recognizes the nominal voltage (1 2 or 24 V) of the connected external battery and correspondingly adapts to ensure maximum protection. IMPORTANT, Only the use of the original ELEKTRONA DC power cords ensures correct operation of the protection system. Before connecting the flash unit(s), make sure that: - Model lamp is OFF Recycle speed is set to slow charge (if selectable) (High powerlcurrent flash unit(s) with recycle speed selector usually works better, has longer autonomy and is even faster when set to "slow charge".) - STARTING Connect a studio flash unit with Flash Feeder Compact (21), using the AC power cord supplied with the flash. For connecting more than one flash unit, use a grounded multi-outlet AC extension cord. Switch the inverter ON with. the "POWER SUPPLY'? switch (12). After a short beep, the green "FLASH SUPPLY" indicator (10) shows the inverter is operating. Now, you can switch ON the connected flash unit(s) and start shooting with your camera. When the internal battery approaches low level it is indicated by a short beep (at first, only during flash recycling). The lower the internal battery is, the more frequent the beeps are, until the unit stops automatically. Then the low internal battery indicator (9) lights and the audible signaI beeps. When this happens, the inverter (power supply) should also be switched OFF manually (with the power supply switch (1 2)). S e e the "ADDITIONAL ENERGY WSERVE" chapter for getting some more energy from the batteries. MAXIMUM POWER AND MAXMUM NUMBER OF CONNECTED FLASH UNIT(S) The maximum power and the maximum number of connected flash unit(s) are limited only by the total peak current of connected flash unit(s) and by the technology of the flash. So the maximum total flash power can be as high as 12800 Ws with two low current power packs. On the other hand, some high current flashes of 1500 Ws might be a problem. Flashes with recycle speed selector usually work better and have longer autonomy when set to "SLOW CHARGEIRECYCLE" mode or to turtle symbol. USE OF MODEL LAMP Model lamps consume a lot of energy; therefore it is recommended to use them only for a short time. They can be used with most flashes, but in general, model lamps with no regulation work very well. Some regulated high power model lamps might have reduced output power (at full power). In some cascs, they might not work well. The maximum model lamp power is 650 W. When more than one model lamp is used, flickering might be very noticeable. FLASH RECYCLE SPEED In most cases, the flash recycle speed is the same as when the flash is connected to the mains voltage and depends only on flash capabilities. Some flashes with high current peaks may have considerable longer recycle times and might be even faster when set to a "slow charge" mode (if available). The recycle speed may also be slower when supplying more than one flash simultaneously (it depends on the entire current of connected flashes). So, for photography where the recycle speed is of great importance (e-g. fashion photography), we recommend one Flash Feeder Compact is used for each llash unit. The recycling speed can be as fast as 1.5 seconds for 1.500 Ws full powcr, however it depends considerably on the type of the connected flash unit. The maximum autonomy depends considerably on the type of flash unit. See our Compatibility List, where test results of different flash units (different brands and power) with Flash Feeder Compact are shown. The test results include use of the "additional energy" procedure (see next chapter). The autonomy depends on many factors such as: - Cwent draw of the connected flash unit(s) - Flash power in Ws (J) - Typeltechology of the flash unit(s) - Number of connected flash units - Ambient temperature - Statelage of the Battery Pack, etc. Flash power packs usually have one or two fans in the pack, ns well as one fan in each head so t h i s requires power too. The number of shoots might also be lower with several low power flashes (e,g. 3 x 500 Ws = 1.500 Ws)than 1 higher power (e.g. 1 x 1500 Ws) because each flash unit has some constant power consumption (fan, electronics, etc.), which is multiplied by the number of flashes. Besides, t h e smaller flashes usually have greater total current t h a single larger flash unit. ADITIONAL ENERGY RESERVE After the unit automatically switches OFF (repeated audible beeps and the "LOW NTERNAL BATTERY"indicator is ON), there is still some additional energy left in the battery. To use this "reservetienergy, turn OFF the unit (12 and 13) and wait for a few minutes. During the pause the battery will partly recover and some additional flashes will be avaiIable again. If you wait longer, you get more additional energy. To obtain good results it is recommended to wait at least 10 to 15 minutes before using this additional energy. If you repeat this procedure several times, wait longer each time. EXTENDING TEE AUTONOMY WITH EXTERNAL BATTERY There t h e different ways to extend the autonomy: 1) By simply replacing the discharged Battey Pack (code FF3-0501 -MA) with a fully charged one 2 ) By connecting an Elektrona Battery Case (code FF3-0201-MP) to the power DC connector (1 I). Battery Cases can be connected in chain to achieve as much power as needed. For best results, connect the Battery CaseIs) to the unit before starting, when the internal Battery Pack is stiIl h1l. With one Battery Case connected, the autonomy is prolonged to 350-400%. 3) By charging the unit during the session. Connect Flash Feeder to any 12 V external battery (or to cigarette lighter connector) by means of the DC Power cords (FF3-1001-A or FF31002-A). For best resdts, it is important to do this at the beginning of the session, when the intemaI battery is still full. In this case you are limited only by the energy of an external battery, Dn -w h as the I0 A fuse might burnout. OTHER - When Flash Feeder is heavily loaded for a longer time (e.g. the flash unit is triggered - - consecutive1y without pause and/or model lamp is used) the overload protection temporarily reduces the output power. After a short pause (>I0 seconds), the full power will automatically be available again. In case of over-heating, the unit stops automaticalIy, the aver-heating is indicated by an audible signal beeping and by the synchronised blinking of all LED indicators, which are ON at that moment. After cooling down, it starts automatically again. For more infomation about the compatibility of a particular flash unit with Ffash Feeder Compact, (autonomy, recycle speed, use of model lamps, eventual operating limitations) see the latest Compatibility List. BEEP SOUND AudibIe signalization has beep warnings for: - Switching the wit ON - Low internal battery - Low external battery - Over-heating - Internal battery approaching Iow level - Too low or too high mains voltage - Over-voltage of internal battery - Short circuit/over-load at the output - Emr Corresponding LED signalization shows the cause for the beep sound. %en the unit is beeping, one of the following is happening: - "LOW INTERNAL BATTERY" indicator (9) is lighting for Iow internal battery. The inverter ("FLASH SUPPLY" (10) is OFF) stops automatically until reset - switch (12) OFF and ON.After use the battery should be re-charged as soon as possible. Over-heating is indicating by a synchronised blinking of all LED indicators, which are ON at that moment. The inverter ("FLASH SUPPLY" indicator (10) is OFF) stops automaticdly. After cooling it resets automatically. The reason could be a broken fan, covered vent. holes or closed cover, heavy load in very hot environment (very high ambient temperature), etc. - If there i s a temporary voltage dip of the internal battery, beeping is also temporary. This warns the user that the internal battery is approaching low level. Beeping stops as soon as the internal battery recovers, e.g. during recharging the flash unit it beeps and then stops. The inverter operates and there is no other visual signalization. When the voltage dip becomes permanent (more than approx. 12 seconds - low battexy mdor constant heavy load), the first ofthe above-mentioned cases take place. - In all the above-mentioned cases, the charger ("CHARGER'' indicator (7 or 8) is ON) should charge normally (from mains and from external DC battery) when either switch (1 2,13) is ON. The unit is permanently beeping with synchronised blinking of internal battery LED bar indicators ( 5 ) when there is an internal fault and counter-synchronised blinking, when there is over-loadinglshoa-cireuit at the output. If it is beeping even after resetting the unit and disconnecting the load, it indicates a permanent internal fault. The unit also makes one beep when the external battery is low or when the mains voltage is toe high ar too low - the "LOW EXTERNAL BATTERY" indicator (6) lights up md the charger stops charging ("CHARGER" indicators (7, -8) are OFF) automatically. After the external battery's voltage recovers or the mains voltage returns to normal, the charger starts automatically again. The "LOW EXTERNAL BATTERY" indicator and the beep sound may blink if the voltage (mains, ext. bat.) exceeds the Iimits repeatedly. The audible signaliiation can be switched OFF by means af the beeper push switch (3). " VISUAL INDICATORS Visible signalization include: 10 segment battery level indicator ( 5 ) - Flash supply (1 0) indicator - Low internal battery (9) indicator - Charger - fast (8) indicator - Charger - float (7) indicator - Low external battery (6)indicator - Beeper (4) indicator - There is a replaceable Battery Pack (code FF3-0501-MA) in the unit. It is made of high-capacity rechargeable sealed lead-acid batteries. The battery pack is maintenance free and has no "memory" effect. The Battey Pack should be re-charged as soon as possible after each use as well as before storage (for 12 hours) and every three months during storage. The nominal expected life of the Battay Pack is 5 years. The expected Cycle Life (number of cycles of the battery pack) is: 150-200 cycles (dischargeicharge} at 100% depth of discharge - 400 cycles (dischargelcharge) at 50% depth of discharge - 1.200 cycles (dischargelcharge) at 30% depth of discharge (A11 data by battery manufacturer are valid at ambient room temperature) - In practice, the Iife is a combination of both, the lifetime and the number of cycles. It is also related to such factors as ambient temperature and rest period between discharge and charge. REPLACmG THE BATTERY PACK WARNING. Before opening the battery compartment always: - Switch the unit OFF (12 and 13) - Disconnect the unit from the supply - all cords. Use only original the ELEKTRONA Battery Pack for Flash Feeder Compact (code FF3-0501MA). Opening the Battery Compartment and replacing the Battery Pack: - Turn the battery compartment button (1) one quarter of a turn counter clockwise, push it to the right and open the compartment door by pulling the button. - Grasp the blackhandle-strapontheBattery Packwith the right handand lift-outthe Battery Pack from the unit. If necessary, push the left edge of the Flash Feeder casing down with the left hand, to prevent lifting the unit. - Grasp the black handle-strap of the recharged Battery Pack and put it to the battery compartment. Make sure, that the contacts of themf3atterypack are facing the contacts of the unit in the compartment. Push the Battery Pack firmly down. - Close the battery compartment doors. Firmly push the button (I) down and to the left and then turn the button clockwise to lock the doors. CAUTION: Avoid short-circuit of the Battery Pack contacts Do not Charge in a sealed (gas tight) container - 10 - Avoid mechanical shocks Do not dispose the battery into open flame If exposed to electrolyte (acid), wash immediately with plenty of water. Dispose of the used batteries safely. Your old batteries will be taken back by lead recycling smelters. The batteries must be recycled. Remove the Battery Pack from the appliance before it is scrapped. - We recommend having the audible signal always active by pressing the beeper switch (3). The yellow beeper indicator (4) is ON when the audible signal is active. If during the shooting a photographer makes longer pauses (>lo minutes), it is recommended to switch the unit OFF not to waste the energy in the battery. As Flash Feeder Compact is heavy for its volume, careless handling (dropping) of the unit may cause mechanical damage. We highly recommend the use of the original packing or something similar to protect the unit against mechanical shocks while transporting it by air. Make sure to turn OFF the switches (12, 13) after supplying flashes as well as after charging. IMPORTANT. Before changing the fuses disconnect the supply and switch the unit OFF.Use only thc prescribed fuse values. The user-replaceable hses are: - At the mains input (19) - T 2N250V slow blow, 5x20 type fuse - At the external battery input (1 71, 10A132V AL blade (car type) fuse - At the 24V internal battery output (1 8), 15N32V AL blade (car type) h s e Under the battery compartment doors (left of (1 I)), 80N32V, strip type - On the top of the Battery Pack, 2~40N32VAT, blade (car type) fuses - The shipped version of this device complies with the requirements of EEC directives 891336lEEC "Electromagnetic compatibility" and 73/23/EEC "Low voltage directive". - When the cover of Flash Feeder Compact is not firmly closed, d o ~ q m i the e unit t o i n , keep it dry, and never use it in wet or dusty conditions or restricted, chemical or explosive areas. The same care should be taken for studio flash units. Use the original AC cord s~lppliedwith the unit. lf the supply cord is damaged, a special cord or assembly available from ELEKTRONA or our dealer service agent must replace it. - Use the original ELEKTRONA accessories only (DC Power Cords, spare Battery Packs, Battery Cases,...). - There are no user-serviceable parts inside the unit (except the Battery Pack in the battery compartment, which can be replaced or removed following the instructions from "Replacing the Battery Pack" chapter). Never open the unit or attempt to repair it. It is dangerous to try to repair the unit by yourself. Your local distributor will inform you about your ELEKTRONA service station. - - Always disconnect all wrds and switch the unit OFF before' opening the battery compartment. Do not use the unit if it is dropped and shows signs of damage or h c t i o n s abnormally. In such a case please contact our service station. - Always connect Flash Feeder Compact ((20) inlet) to a properly earthed socket-outlet. - The ON/OFF switches (12, 13) do not disconnect the unit from the mains voltage; to do this, remove the power plug from the socket - Make sure, that no objects be inserted into the ventilation holes and that no objects or liquids get inside the unit (danger of electric shock, short circuit). - ELEKTRONA cannot accept any responsibility for damage arising from improper use of the appliance or failure to comply with the instruction manual. Failure to observe the warning and caution notices can lead to accidents, injuries or damage to health. Please keep this Instruction Manual and refer to it as required. TROT JRT ,E-SHOOTTNG Flash Feeder Compact seems completely dead when switched ON: - Check the safety button (16) if stuck. Push and pull it a few times. - The internal battery may be considerably over-discharged. In such case, the unit can only be charged from the external 12 V DC source (battery or cigarette lighter socket of 12V only). Charge it as soon as possible and you will save the battery if it has not been left over-discharged for too long. Flash Feeder Compact is connected with mains (20), and switched ON, but the unit & not and "CHARGER" indicators (7,8) are OFF: - Check the mains fbse (19) (2 A, slow blow). The fuse could break if the switch is quickly andlor repeatedly turned OFF and ON when the unit is connected to the mains. - Check if the mains AC power cord is firmly connected to the inlet (A1 1) and to the mains outlet. - Check the presence of mains voltage in the mains socket. - Also, if the internal battery indicator (A4) is completely OFF, the internal battery is considerably over-discharged ("LOW INTERNAL BATTERYt' LED indicator (A7) is ON) or completely empty ("LOW INTERNAL BATTERY" (A7) is also OFF). In such a case, the unit can only be charged from the external 12 V DC source (battery or cigarette lighter socket of 12V only). Flash Feeder Compact is (ZO), and switched to "CHARGER", but the "CHARGER" indicators (7, 8) are OFF and the CC1.r)W the unit ,FRY" indicator(6) is ON: - The mains voltage is too low or too high. The unit will automatically start charging when mains voltage returns within the nomal limits. If the mains voltage stays out of the limits for a long time, the charger should be switched OFF firnually. The autnnnmv than expected. There could be several reasons for the reduced autonomy: - The batteries might not be hlly charged. - The new Battery Pack (or after long-time of storage) might need a few chargeldischarge cycles to reach its full capacity. - The batteries could have deteriorated (several possible reasons). - be used when the low power DC voltage source is used. It is also normal in such case that the "CHARGER and "LOW EXTERNAL BAITERY' indicators are blinking and the audible sound is beeping whilst charging. The output power of the supply should be at least 1N12V or 0,5A124V. Check the voltage of the solar system. It should be 12 (12 - 15) or 24 (24-28) volts nominal. - I ~ a coolinq n automatic switch ONfOFF . 1 Yes I (1) Charged to 75 - 90% from compfetely discharged int. Bait. (2) Flash peak current measured at 230 V (3) D e ~ e n d on s connected flash type (see the testina fist) Code FF3-0201 -MP Description Compact Battery Case with 2x mono power connector FF3-120 1 -A DC Power Cord with mono power connectors connecting external Battery Case to Flash Feeder Compact DC Power Cord with aigarette Ii~hterConnector. 2rn FF3- 1001 -A FF3-1002-A DC Power Cord with c o n n e c t i o n ~ l k for ~ s external Baneu connection. 2m FF3-0501-MA Batterv Pack for Flash Feeder Compact FF3-150 1 -A DC Power Cord for external charging of one Battery Pack. 0.6 m DC Power Cord for external charninn of two Battew Packs. 0.9 m FF3-1502-A FF3-1503-A , DC Power Cord for external charging of three Battery Packs. 1.2 m .