Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router

Nighthawk
AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Model R7000
User Manual
May 2017
202-11301-11
350 East Plumeria Drive
San Jose, CA 95134
USA
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Support
Thank you for purchasing this NETGEAR product. You can visit www.netgear.com/support to register your product, get help,
access the latest downloads and user manuals, and join our community. We recommend that you use only official NETGEAR
support resources.
Conformity
For the current EU Declaration of Conformity, visit http://kb.netgear.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/11621.
Compliance
For regulatory compliance information, visit http://www.netgear.com/about/regulatory.
See the regulatory compliance document before connecting the power supply.
Trademarks
© NETGEAR, Inc. NETGEAR and the NETGEAR Logo are trademarks of NETGEAR, Inc. Any non-NETGEAR trademarks are
used for reference purposes only.
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Contents
Chapter 1
Hardware Setup
Unpack Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attach the Antennas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Top and Front Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Position Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cable Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 2
Connect to the Network and Access the Router
Connect to the Network. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wired Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WiFi Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Types of Logins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use a web browser to Access the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Internet Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Log In to the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install the Router With the NETGEAR Up App . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Change the Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access the Router with NETGEAR genie App . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 3
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Specify Your Internet Settings
Use the Internet Setup Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manually Set Up the Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specify an Internet Connection Without a Login. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specify an Internet Connection That Uses a Login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specify IPv6 Internet Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Requirements for Entering IPv6 Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use Auto Detect for an IPv6 Internet Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use Auto Config for an IPV6 Internet Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Up an IPv6 6rd Tunnel Internet Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Up an IPv6 6to4 Tunnel Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Up an IPv6 Pass Through Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Up an IPv6 Fixed Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Up an IPv6 DHCP Internet Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Up an IPv6 PPPoE Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Change the MTU Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enable the Bridge or Add a VLAN Tag Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enable the Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Add VLAN Tag Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Chapter 4
Optimize Performance
Optimize Internet Traffic With Dynamic QoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enable Dynamic QoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Performance Optimization Database. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manage Default and Custom QoS Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Add a QoS Rule for a Service or Application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Add a QoS Rule for a Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Add a QoS Rule for a LAN Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit a QoS Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remove a QoS Rule. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remove All QoS Rules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manage Uplink Bandwidth Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Improve Network Connections With Universal Plug and Play . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enable or Disable Smart Connect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 5
Control Access to the Internet
Set Up Parental Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Allow or Block Access to Your Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use Keywords to Block Internet Sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Block Services from the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule When to Block Internet Sites and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Avoid Blocking on a Trusted Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Up Security Event Email Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 6
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Share USB Devices Attached to the Router
USB Device Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access a USB Device on the Network. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connect a USB Device to the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access the USB Device from a Mac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access a USB Device from a Windows Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Map the USB Storage Device to a Windows Network Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Back Up Windows Computers with ReadySHARE Vault. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Back Up Mac Computers with Time Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Up a USB Hard Drive on a Mac. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prepare to Back Up a Large Amount of Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use Time Machine to Back Up onto a USB Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control Access to the USB Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use FTP Within the Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
View Network Folders on a USB Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Add a Network Folder on a USB Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit a Network Folder on a USB Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safely Remove a USB Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 7
Manage Dynamic DNS and Access Storage Devices Through
the Internet
Set Up and Manage Dynamic DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Your Personal FTP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Set Up Your Personal FTP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Set Up a New Dynamic DNS Account. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Specify a DNS Account That You Already Created. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Change the Dynamic DNS Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Access Storage Devices Through the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Set Up FTP Access Through the Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Use FTP to Access Storage Devices Through the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Download Files onto a USB Storage Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Download Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Change the Download Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Send Downloader Email Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Manage Downloader Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Remotely Access a USB Device Using ReadyCLOUD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Create a ReadyCLOUD Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Register Your Router With ReadyCLOUD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
View Photos on Your USB Device With Kwilt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Chapter 8
Use the Router as a Media Server
Specify ReadyDLNA Media Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Play Music from a USB Storage Device with iTunes Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Set Up the Router’s iTunes Server With iTunes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Set Up the Router’s iTunes Server With the Remote App . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Set Up the Router to Work With TiVo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Play Media From a USB Device on TiVo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Play Videos on TiVo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Play Music or View Photos on TiVo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Chapter 9
Share a USB Printer
Install the Printer Driver and Cable the Printer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Download the ReadySHARE Printer Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Install the ReadySHARE Printer Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Print Using the NETGEAR USB Control Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
View or Change the Status of a Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Use the Scan Feature of a Multifunction USB Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Change NETGEAR USB Control Center Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Turn Off Automatic Startup for NETGEAR USB Control Center. . . . . . . . . . 113
Change the Language in NETGEAR USB Control Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Specify the Time-Out for NETGEAR USB Control Center. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Chapter 10
Specify Network Settings
Disable LED Blinking or Turn off LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
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View WAN Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Set Up a Default DMZ Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Change the Router’s Device Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Change the LAN TCP/IP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Specify the IP Addresses that the Router Assigns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Disable the DHCP Server Feature in the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Reserve LAN IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Use the WPS Wizard for WiFi Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Specify Basic WiFi Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Change the WiFi Password or Security Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Set Up a Guest Network. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
How the Router Manages Wireless Clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Airtime Fairness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Implicit Beamforming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Control the Wireless Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Use the WiFi On/Off Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Enable or Disable the Wireless Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Set Up a Wireless Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Specify WPS Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Set Up the Router with an Existing Router or Gateway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Use the Router as a Wireless Access Point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Set Up the Router in Bridge Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Set Up a Wireless Distribution System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Set Up the Base Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Set Up a Repeater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Chapter 11
Manage Your Network
Update the Router Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Check for New Firmware and Update the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Manually Upload New Firmware and Update the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Change the admin Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Recover the admin Password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
View Router Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Display Internet Port Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Check the Internet Connection Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
View Logs of Router Activity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Monitor Internet Traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Create Custom Static Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
View Devices Currently on the Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
Manage the Router Configuration File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Back Up Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Restore Configuration Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Erase the Current Configuration Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Remote Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Remotely Access Your Router Using the genie App . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Configure Your Router With Amazon Alexa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Amazon Alexa Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
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Enable Your Router to Work With Amazon Alexa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Chapter 12
Use VPN to Access Your Network
Set Up a VPN Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Specify VPN Service in the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Install OpenVPN Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Install OpenVPN Software on Your Windows Computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Install OpenVPN Software on Your Mac Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Install OpenVPN Software on an iOS Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Install OpenVPN Software on an Android Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Use a VPN Tunnel on Your Windows Computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Use VPN to Access the Router’s USB Drive and Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Use VPN to Access Your Internet Service at Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Set Up VPN Client Internet Access in the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Block VPN Client Internet Access in the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Use a VPN Tunnel to Access Your Internet Service at Home . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Chapter 13
Specify Internet Port Settings
Set Up Port Forwarding to a Local Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Add a Custom Port Forwarding Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Edit a Port Forwarding Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Delete a Port Forwarding Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Application Example: Make a Local Web Server Public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
How the Router Implements the Port Forwarding Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Set Up Port Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Add a Port Triggering Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Enable Port Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Application Example: Port Triggering for Internet Relay Chat . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Chapter 14
Troubleshooting
Quick Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Sequence to Restart Your Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Check Ethernet Cable Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Wireless Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Network Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Troubleshoot with the LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Standard LED Behavior When the Router is Powered On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Power LED Is Off or Blinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Power LED Stays Amber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
LEDs Never Turn Off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Internet or Ethernet Port LEDs Are Off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
WiFi LED Is Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Cannot Log In to the Router. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Cannot Access the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Troubleshoot PPPoE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Troubleshoot Internet Browsing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
7
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Changes Not Saved . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Wireless Connectivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Troubleshoot Your Network Using the Ping Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Test the LAN Path to Your Router. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Test the Path from Your Computer to a Remote Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
Appendix A
Supplemental Information
Factory Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
8
1.
1
Hardware Setup
The Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router delivers combined WiFi connection speeds up to
AC1900 WiFi (600 Mbps1 on 2.4 GHz2 802.11n and 1300 Mbps 3on 5 GHz 802.11ac).
Nighthawk is ideal for bandwidth-hungry activities such as online gaming and video streaming,
powered by a dual core 1 GHz processor. High-powered amplifiers with antennas provide WiFi
coverage anywhere around your home, inside or out.
For gamers, Nighthawk supports upstream Quality of Service (QoS) optimized for online game
play with game consoles like Xbox. For uninterrupted HD streaming media, Nighthawk features
downstream QoS to identify and prioritize streaming traffic like Netflix, YouTube, and Hulu Plus.
Nighthawk provides fast central storage, backup and streaming to every device in your home
with the USB 3.0 port (10 times faster than USB 2.0). Sharing content across your network is
easy, whether it’s accessing stored photos and music to wirelessly printing. Stream your stored
media files anywhere on the network to DLNA pages. Share your music to Airplay-compatible
devices from the USB hard-drive connected to the router. Use the free NETGEAR ReadySHARE
Vault app to back up your Windows computers to a USB hard drive connected to Nighthawk.
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
Unpack Your Router
•
Attach the Antennas
•
Top and Front Panels
•
Rear Panel
•
Position Your Router
•
Cable Your Router
For more information about the topics covered in this manual, visit the support website at
http://support.netgear.com.
1. Maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE standard 802.11 specifications. Actual data throughput and wireless coverage will vary. Network
conditions and environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, building materials and construction, and network overhead, lower actual
data throughput rate and wireless coverage. NETGEAR makes no express or implied representations or warranties about this product’s compatibility
with any future standards. 802.11ac 1300 Mbps is approximately 3x faster than 802.11n 450 Mbps.
2. 2.4 GHz performance mode requires 256 QAM support on the WiFi client.
3. Up to 1300 Mbps wireless speeds achieved when you are connecting to other 802.11ac 1300 Mbps devices.
9
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Unpack Your Router
Your package contains the following items.
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Ethernet cable
Power adapter
Antennas (3)
Figure 1. Package contents
Attach the Antennas
The router comes with three antennas.

To attach the antennas:
1. Align the antennas with the antenna posts on the router.
2. Attach the antennas on the threaded antenna posts.
3. Position the antennas for the best WiFi performance.
NETGEAR recommends that the center antenna be vertical and that you aim the others
outward at 45 degree angles, as shown.
Hardware Setup
10
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Top and Front Panels
The router has status LEDs on top and a USB 3.0 port on the front.
USB 3.0 port
Figure 2. Router top and front view
Table 1. LED and button descriptions
LED
Description
Power
•
•
•
•
•
Solid amber. The router is starting.
Blinking amber. The firmware is upgrading, or the Reset button was pressed.
Solid white. The router is ready.
Blinking white. The firmware is corrupted.
Off. Power is not supplied to the router.
Internet
•
•
•
•
Solid white. The Internet connection is ready.
Solid amber. The router has detected an Ethernet cable connection to the modem.
Blinking white. The port is sending or receiving traffic.
Off. No Ethernet cable is connected between the router and the modem.
2.4 GHz
Wireless
•
•
•
Solid white. The 2.4 GHz WiFi radio is operating.
Blinking white. The router is sending or receiving WiFi traffic.
Off. The 2.4 GHz WiFi radio is off.
5 GHz Wireless
•
•
•
Solid white. The 5 GHz WiFi radio is operating.
Blinking white. The router is sending or receiving WiFi traffic.
Off. The 5 GHz WiFi radio is off.
USB (1 and 2)
The USB 1 LED is for the USB 3.0 USB port on the front panel. The USB 2 LED is for the USB
2.0 port on the rear panel.
• Solid white. A USB device is connected and is ready.
• Blinking. A USB device is plugged in and is trying to connect.
• Off. No USB device is connected or someone clicked the Safely Remove Hardware
button, and it is now safe to remove the attached USB device.
Hardware Setup
11
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Table 1. LED and button descriptions (continued)
LED
Description
Ethernet ports
1-4
The LED color indicates the speed: white for Gigabit Ethernet connections and amber for 100
Mbps or 10 Mbps Ethernet connections.
• Solid. A powered-on device is connected to the Ethernet port.
• Blinking. The port is sending or receiving traffic.
• Off. No device is connected to this Ethernet port.
WiFi On/Off
Pressing this button for two seconds turns the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz WiFi radios on and off.
button with LED If this LED is lit, the WiFi radios are on. If this LED is off, the WiFi radios are turned off and you
cannot use WiFi to connect to the router.
WPS button with This button lets you use WPS to join the WiFi network without typing the WiFi password. The
LED
WPS LED blinks white during this process and then lights solid white.
You can disable LED blinking or turn off all LEDs except the Power LED. For information
about how to do this, see Disable LED Blinking or Turn off LEDs on page 117.
Rear Panel
The rear panel has the connections and buttons shown in the following figure.
Reset
button
Ethernet
Internet USB 2.0
port
port
LAN ports 1–4
Power
Power
On/Off connector
Figure 3. Router rear panel
Pressing the Reset button restores the factory settings. See Factory Settings on page 194.
Hardware Setup
12
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Position Your Router
The router lets you access your network anywhere within the operating range of your
wireless network. However, the operating distance or range of your wireless connection can
vary significantly depending on the physical placement of your router. For example, the
thickness and number of walls the wireless signal passes through can limit the range.
Additionally, other wireless access points in and around your home might affect your router’s
signal. Wireless access points are routers, repeaters, WiFi range extenders, or any other
device that emits a wireless signal for network access.

To position your router:
1. Place your router near the center of the area where your computers and other devices
operate, and within line of sight to your wireless devices.
2. Make sure that the router is within reach of an AC power outlet and near Ethernet cables
for wired computers.
3. Place the router in an elevated location, minimizing the number walls and ceilings between
the router and your other devices.
4. Place the router away from electrical devices such as these:
• Ceiling fans
•
Home security systems
•
Microwaves
•
Computers
•
Base of a cordless phone
•
2.4 GHz cordless phone
5. Place the router away from large metal surfaces, large glass surfaces, and insulated walls
such as these:
• Solid metal door
•
Aluminum studs
•
Fish tanks
•
Mirrors
•
Brick
•
Concrete
6. (Optional) If you have adjacent access points, use different radio frequency channels to
reduce interference.
Hardware Setup
13
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Cable Your Router
The following image shows how to cable your router:
Figure 4. Router cabling

To cable your router:
1. Unplug your modem’s power, leaving the modem connected to the wall jack for your
Internet service.
If your modem has a battery backup, remove the battery.
2. Plug in and turn on your modem.
If your modem has a battery backup, replace the battery.
3. Connect your modem to the Internet port of your router with the yellow Ethernet cable that
came with your router.
4. Connect the power adapter to your router and plug the power adapter into an outlet.
5. Press the Power On/Off button on the rear panel of the router.
Hardware Setup
14
2.
Connect to the Network and
Access the Router
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
Connect to the Network
•
Types of Logins
•
Use a web browser to Access the Router
•
Change the Language
•
Access the Router with NETGEAR genie App
15
2
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Connect to the Network
You can connect to the router’s network through a wired or WiFi connection. If you set up
your computer to use a static IP address, change the settings so that it uses Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP).
Wired Connection
You can connect your computer to the router using an Ethernet cable and join the router’s
local area network (LAN).

To connect your computer to the router with an Ethernet cable:
1. Make sure that the router has power (its Power LED is lit).
2. Connect an Ethernet cable to an Ethernet port on your computer.
3. Connect the other end of the Ethernet cable to one of the numbered Ethernet ports.
Your computer connects to the local area network (LAN). A message might display on
your computer page to notify you that an Ethernet cable is connected.
WiFi Connection
You can connect to the router’s WiFi network with Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) or you can
find and select the WiFi network.

To use WPS to connect to the WiFi network:
1. Make sure that the router has power (its Power LED is lit).
2. Check the WPS instructions for your computer or wireless device.
3. Press the WPS button on the router.
4. Within two minutes, on your computer or WiFi device, press its WPS button or follow its
instructions for WPS connections.
Your computer or wireless device connects to the WiFi network.

To find and select the WiFi network:
1. Make sure that the router has power (its Power LED is lit).
2. On your computer or wireless device, find and select the WiFi network.
The WiFi network name is on the router’s label.
3. Join the WiFi network and enter the WiFi password.
The password is on the router’s label.
Your wireless device connects to the WiFi network.
Connect to the Network and Access the Router
16
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Label
The label on the router shows the login information, MAC address, and serial number.
Figure 5. Router label
Types of Logins
Separate types of logins have different purposes. It is important that you understand the
difference so that you know which login to use when.
Types of logins:
•
ISP login. The login that your ISP gave you logs you in to your Internet service. Your
service provider gave you this login information in a letter or some other way. If you
cannot find this login information, contact your service provider.
•
WiFi network key or password. Your router is preset with a unique wireless network
name (SSID) and password for wireless access. This information is on the router label.
•
Router login.This logs you in to the router interface as admin from a web browserweb
browser.
Use a web browser to Access the Router
When you connect to the network (either with WiFi or with an Ethernet cable), you can use a
web browser to access the router to view or change its settings. The first time you access the
router, NETGEAR installation assistant automatically checks to see if your router can
connect to your Internet service.
Automatic Internet Setup
You can set up your router automatically with the NETGEAR installation assistant, or you can
use a web browser to access the router and set up your router manually. Before you start the
setup process, get your ISP information and make sure that the computers and devices in the
network are using the settings described here.
Connect to the Network and Access the Router
17
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
When your Internet service starts, your Internet service provider (ISP) typically gives you all
the information needed to connect to the Internet. For DSL service, you might need the
following information to set up your router:
•
The ISP configuration information for your DSL account
•
ISP login name and password
•
Fixed or static IP address settings (special deployment by ISP; this setting is rare)
If you cannot locate this information, ask your ISP to provide it. When your Internet
connection is working, you no longer need to launch the ISP login program on your computer
to access the Internet. When you start an Internet application, your router automatically logs
you in.
The NETGEAR installation assistant runs on any device with a web browser. Installation and
basic setup takes about 15 minutes to complete.

To automatically set up your router:
1. Turn the router on by pressing the On/Off button.
2. Make sure that your computer or mobile device is connected to the router with an Ethernet
cable (wired) or wirelessly with the preset security settings listed on the label.
Note: If you want to change the router’s WiFi setting, use a wired connection
to avoid being disconnected when the new WiFi settings take effect.
3. Launch a web browser.
The browser goes to http://www.routerlogin.net and the NETGEAR installation
assistant displays.
4. If the browser does not display the NETGEAR installation assistant, enter
http://www.routerlogin.net in the address field.
5. Follow the onscreen instructions.
The NETGEAR installation assistant guides you through connecting the router to the
Internet.
6. If the browser cannot display the web page, do the following:
• Make sure that the computer is connected to one of the four LAN Ethernet ports or
wirelessly to the router.
•
Make sure that the router has full power, and that its Power LED is lit white.
•
Close and reopen the browser or clear the browser cache.
•
Browse to http://www.routerlogin.net.
•
If the computer is set to a static or fixed IP address (this setting is uncommon),
change it to obtain an IP address automatically from the router.
7. If the router does not connect to the Internet, do the following:
a. Review your settings. Make sure that you selected the correct options and typed
everything correctly.
Connect to the Network and Access the Router
18
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
b. Contact your ISP to verify that you have the correct configuration information.
c. Read Chapter 14, Troubleshooting. If problems persist, register your NETGEAR
product and contact NETGEAR technical support.
Log In to the Router
When you first connect to your router and launch a web browser, the browser automatically
displays the router web interface. If you want to view or change settings for the router later,
you can use a browser to log in to the router web interface.

To log in to the router:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
Note: You can also enter http://www.routerlogin.com or
http://192.168.1.1. The procedures in this manual use
http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
Install the Router With the NETGEAR Up App
With the NETGEAR Up app, you can easily install your router. The app automatically updates
the router to the latest firmware, allows you to personalize your WiFi network, and even helps
register your router with NETGEAR.
The NETGEAR Up app is available for iOS and Android mobile devices.

To install your router using the NETGEAR Up app:
1. Cable your router.
For more information, see Cable Your Router on page 14.
2. On your iOS or Android mobile device, go to the app store, search for NETGEAR Up, and
download the app.
3. On your iOS or Android mobile device, tap Settings > Wi-Fi and find and connect to your
router’s WiFi network.
Connect to the Network and Access the Router
19
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Your router’s WiFi network name (SSID) and network key (password) are on the router
label.
4. Launch the NETGEAR Up app on your mobile device.
5. Follow the instructions that display on the app to install your router and connect to the
Internet.
Change the Language
By default, the language is set as Auto.

To change the language:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. In the upper right corner, select a language from the drop-down list.
5. When prompted, click the OK button to confirm this change.
The page refreshes with the language that you selected.
Access the Router with NETGEAR genie App
The genie app is the easy dashboard for managing, monitoring, and repairing your home
network. The genie app can help you with the following:

•
Automatically repair common wireless network problems.
•
Easily manage router features like Live Parental Controls, guest access, Internet traffic
meter, speed test, and more.
To use the genie app to access the router:
1. Visit the NETGEAR genie web page at www.NETGEAR.com/genie.
2. Follow the onscreen instructions to install the app on your smartphone, tablet, or computer.
3. Launch the genie app.
The genie app dashboard page displays.
Connect to the Network and Access the Router
20
3.
Specify Your Internet Settings
3
Usually, the quickest way to set up the router to use your Internet connection is to allow the
NETGEAR installation assistant to detect the Internet connection when you first access the
router with a web browser. You can also customize or specify your Internet settings.
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
Use the Internet Setup Wizard
•
Manually Set Up the Internet Connection
•
Specify IPv6 Internet Connections
•
Change the MTU Size
•
Enable the Bridge or Add a VLAN Tag Group
21
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Use the Internet Setup Wizard
You can use the Setup Wizard to detect your Internet settings and automatically set up your
router. The Setup Wizard is not the same as the NETGEAR installation assistant that display
the first time you connect to your router to set it up.

To use the Setup Wizard:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup Wizard.
5. Select the Yes radio button.
If you select No, you are taken to the Internet Setup page (see Manually Set Up the
Internet Connection ).
6. Click the Next button.
Specify Your Internet Settings
22
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
The Setup Wizard searches your Internet connection for servers and protocols to
determine your ISP configuration and checks your operation mode.
Specify Your Internet Settings
23
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Manually Set Up the Internet Connection
You can view or change the router’s Internet connection settings.
Specify an Internet Connection Without a Login

To specify the Internet connection settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select Internet.
Scroll to
view more
settings
5. For the Does your Internet connection require a login setting, leave the No radio
button selected.
6. If your Internet connection requires an account name or host name, type it in the Account
Name (If Required) field.
Specify Your Internet Settings
24
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
7. If your Internet connection requires a domain name, type it in the Domain Name (If
Required) field.
For the other sections in this page, the default settings usually work, but you can change
them.
8. For the Internet IP Address setting, select one of the following radio buttons:
• Get Dynamically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your IP address. Your ISP
automatically assigns these addresses.
•
Use Static IP Address. Enter the IP address, IP subnet mask, and the gateway IP
address that your ISP assigned. The gateway is the ISP router to which your router
connects.
9. For the Domain Name Server (DNS) Address setting, select one of the following radio
buttons:
• Get Automatically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your
ISP automatically assigns this address.
•
Use These DNS Servers. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select
this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary
DNS server address is available, enter it also.
10. For the Router MAC Address setting, select one of the following radio buttons:
• Use Default Address. Use the default MAC address.
•
Use Computer MAC Address. The router captures and uses the MAC address of the
computer that you are now using. You must use the one computer that the ISP
allows.
•
Use This MAC Address. Enter the MAC address that you want to use.
11. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
12. Click the Test button to test your Internet connection.
If the NETGEAR website does not display within one minute, see Chapter 14,
Troubleshooting.
Specify an Internet Connection That Uses a Login

To view or change the basic Internet setup:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
Specify Your Internet Settings
25
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select Internet.
Scroll to
view more
settings
5. In the Does your Internet connection require a login section of the page, select the
Yes radio button.
The page adjusts.
6. In the Internet Service Provider list, select the encapsulation method PPPoE, PPTP, or
L2TP.
7. In the Login field, enter the login name your ISP gave you. This login name is often an email
address.
8. In the Password field, type the password that you use to log in to your Internet service.
9. If your ISP requires a service name, type it in the Service Name (if Required) field.
10. In the Connection Mode drop-down list, select Always On, Dial on Demand, or Manually
Connect.
11. To change the number of minutes until the Internet login times, out, in the Idle Timeout (In
minutes) field, type the number of minutes.
This is how long the router keeps the Internet connection active when no one on the
network is using the Internet connection. A value of 0 (zero) means never log out.
12. In the Internet IP Address section, select one of the following radio buttons:
• Get Dynamically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your IP address. Your ISP
automatically assigns these addresses.
Specify Your Internet Settings
26
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
•
Use Static IP Address. Enter the IP address, IP subnet mask, and the gateway IP
address that your ISP assigned. The gateway is the ISP router to which your router
connects.
13. In the Domain Name Server (DNS) Address section, select one of the following radio
buttons:
• Get Automatically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your
ISP automatically assigns this address.
•
Use These DNS Servers. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select
this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary
DNS server address is available, enter it also.
14. In the Router MAC Address section of the page, select one of the following radio buttons:
• Use Default Address. Use the default MAC address.
•
Use Computer MAC Address. The router captures and uses the MAC address of the
computer that you are now using. You must use the one computer that the ISP
allows.
•
Use This MAC Address. Enter the MAC address that you want to use.
15. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
16. Click the Test button to test your Internet connection.
If the NETGEAR website does not display within one minute, see Chapter 14,
Troubleshooting.
Specify IPv6 Internet Connections
You can set up an IPv6 Internet connection if the router does not detect it automatically.

To set up an IPv6 Internet connection:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6.
The IPv6 page displays.
5. In the Internet Connection Type list, select the IPv6 connection type.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Your Internet service provider (ISP) can provide this information.
•
If your ISP did not provide details, select IPv6 Tunnel.
•
If you are not sure, select Auto Detect so that the router detects the IPv6 type that is
in use.
•
If your Internet connection does not use PPPoE, DHCP, or fixed, but is IPv6, select
Auto Config. For more information about IPv6 Internet connection, see the following
sections.
Your Internet service provider (ISP) can provide this information. For more information
about IPv6 Internet connection, see the following sections:
-
Use Auto Detect for an IPv6 Internet Connection on page 28
-
Use Auto Config for an IPV6 Internet Connection on page 30
-
Set Up an IPv6 6rd Tunnel Internet Connection on page 31
-
Set Up an IPv6 6to4 Tunnel Internet Connection on page 33
-
Set Up an IPv6 Pass Through Internet Connection on page 35
-
Set Up an IPv6 Fixed Internet Connection on page 35
-
Set Up an IPv6 DHCP Internet Connection on page 37
-
Set Up an IPv6 PPPoE Internet Connection on page 38
6. Click the Apply button.
Your changes take effect.
Requirements for Entering IPv6 Addresses
IPv6 addresses are denoted by eight groups of hexadecimal quartets that are separated by
colons. You can reduce any four-digit group of zeros within an IPv6 address to a single zero
or omit it. The following errors invalidate an IPv6 address:
•
More than eight groups of hexadecimal quartets
•
More than four hexadecimal characters in a quartet
•
More than two colons in a row
Use Auto Detect for an IPv6 Internet Connection

To set up an IPv6 Internet connection through auto detection:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6.
The IPv6 page displays.
5. In the Internet Connection Type list, select Auto Detect.
The page adjusts:
The router automatically detects the information in the following fields:
•
Connection Type. This field indicates the connection type that is detected.
•
Router’s IPv6 Address on WAN. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired
for the router’s WAN (or Internet) interface. The number after the slash (/) is the
length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6
address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.
•
Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired
for the router’s LAN interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix,
which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is
acquired, the field displays Not Available.
6. Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the
LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:
• Use DHCP Server. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some
IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.
•
Auto Config. This is the default setting.
7. (Optional) Select the Use This Interface ID check box and specify the interface ID to be
used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.
If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC
address.
8. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Use Auto Config for an IPV6 Internet Connection

To set up an IPv6 Internet connection through auto configuration:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6.
The IPv6 page displays.
5. In the Internet Connection Type list, select Auto Config.
The page adjusts:
The router automatically detects the information in the following fields:
•
Router’s IPv6 Address on WAN. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired
for the router’s WAN (or Internet) interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length
of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no
address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.
•
Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired
for the router’s LAN interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix,
which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is
acquired, the field displays Not Available.
6. Select an IPv6 Domain Name Server (DNS) Address radio button:
Specify Your Internet Settings
30
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
•
Get Automatically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your
ISP automatically assigns this address.
•
Use These DNS Servers. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select
this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary
DNS server address is available, enter it also.
7. (Optional) In the DHCP User Class (If Required) field, enter a host name.
Most people can leave this field blank, but if your ISP has given you a specific host name,
enter it here.
8. (Optional) In the DHCP Domain Name (If Required) field, enter a domain name.
You can type the domain name of your IPv6 ISP. Do not enter the domain name for the
IPv4 ISP here. For example, if your ISP’s mail server is mail.xxx.yyy.zzz, type xxx.yyy.zzz
as the domain name. If your ISP provided a domain name, type it in this field. For
example, Earthlink Cable might require a host name of home, and Comcast sometimes
supplies a domain name.
9. Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the
LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:
• Use DHCP Server. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some
IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.
•
Auto Config. This is the default setting.
10. (Optional) Select the Use This Interface ID check box and specify the interface ID that you
want to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.
If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC
address.
11. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Set Up an IPv6 6rd Tunnel Internet Connection
6rd protocol makes it possible to deploy IPv6 to sites using a service provider's IPv4 network.
6rd uses the service provider’s own IPv6 address prefix. This limits the operational domain of
6rd to the service provider’s network and is under direct control of the service provider. The
IPv6 service provided is equivalent to native IPv6.
The 6rd mechanism relies upon an algorithmic mapping between the IPv6 and IPv4
addresses that are assigned for use within the service provider’s network. This mapping
allows for automatic determination of IPv4 tunnel endpoints from IPv6 prefixes, allowing
stateless operation of 6rd.
With a 6rd Tunnel configuration, the router follows the RFC5969 standard, supporting two
ways to establish a 6rd tunnel IPv6 WAN connection.
•
Auto Mode. In IPv6 Auto Detect mode, when the router receives option 212 from the
DHCPv4 option, auto detect selects the IPv6 as 6rd Tunnel setting. The router uses the
6rd option information to establish the 6rd connection.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
•

Manual Mode. Select 6rd Tunnel. If the router receives option 212, the fields are
automatically completed. Otherwise, you must enter the 6rd settings.
To set up an IPv6 6rd Tunnel Internet Connection:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6.
The IPv6 page displays.
5. In the Internet Connection Type list, select 6rd Tunnel.
The router automatically detects the information in the following sections:
•
6rd (IPv6 Rapid Development) Configuration. The router detects the service
provider’s IPv4 network and attempts to establish an IPv6 6rd Tunnel connection. If
the IPv4 network returns 6rd parameters to the router the page adjusts to display the
correct settings in this section.
•
Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired
for the router’s LAN interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix,
which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is
acquired, the field displays Not Available.
Specify Your Internet Settings
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
•
MTU size (in bytes). The normal MTU (maximum transmit unit) value for most
Ethernet networks is 1500 bytes, or 1492 bytes for PPPoE connections. Change the
MTU only if you are sure that it is necessary for your ISP connection. See Change the
MTU Size on page 40.
6. Select an IPv6 Domain Name Server (DNS) Address radio button:
• Get Automatically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your
ISP automatically assigns this address.
•
Use These DNS Servers. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select
this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary
DNS server address is available, enter it also.
7. Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the
LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:
• Use DHCP Server. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some
IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.
•
Auto Config. This is the default setting.
8. (Optional) Select the Use This Interface ID check box and specify the interface ID that you
want to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.
If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC
address.
9. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Set Up an IPv6 6to4 Tunnel Internet Connection
The remote relay router is the router to which your router creates a 6to4 tunnel. Make sure
that the IPv4 Internet connection is working before you apply the 6to4 tunnel settings for the
IPv6 connection.

To set up an IPv6 Internet connection by using a 6to4 tunnel:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6.
The IPv6 page displays.
5. In the Internet Connection Type list, select 6to4 Tunnel.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
The page adjusts:
The router automatically detects the information in the Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN
field. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s LAN interface. The
number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the
underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not
Available.
6. Configure the remote 6to4 relay router settings by selecting one of the following radio
buttons:
• Auto. Your router uses any remote relay router that is available on the Internet. This
is the default setting.
•
Static IP Address. Enter the static IPv4 address of the remote relay router. Your IPv6
ISP usually provides this address.
7. Select an IPv6 Domain Name Server (DNS) Address radio button:
• Get Automatically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your
ISP automatically assigns this address.
•
Use These DNS Servers. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select
this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary
DNS server address is available, enter it also.
8. Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the
LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:
• Use DHCP Server. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some
IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.
•
Auto Config. This is the default setting.
9. (Optional) Select the Use This Interface ID check box and specify the interface ID that you
want to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.
If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC
address.
10. Click the Apply button.
Specify Your Internet Settings
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Your settings are saved.
Set Up an IPv6 Pass Through Internet Connection
In pass-through mode, the router works as a Layer 2 Ethernet switch with two ports (LAN and
WAN Ethernet ports) for IPv6 packets. The router does not process any IPv6 header
packets.

To set up a pass-through IPv6 Internet connection:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6.
The IPv6 page displays.
5. In the Internet Connection Type list, select Pass Through.
The page adjusts, but no additional fields display.
6. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Set Up an IPv6 Fixed Internet Connection

To set up a fixed IPv6 Internet connection:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6.
The IPv6 page displays.
Specify Your Internet Settings
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
5. In the Internet Connection Type list, select Fixed.
The page adjusts:
6. Configure the fixed IPv6 addresses for the WAN connection:
• IPv6 Address/Prefix Length. The IPv6 address and prefix length of the router WAN
interface.
•
Default IPv6 Gateway. The IPv6 address of the default IPv6 gateway for the router’s
WAN interface.
•
Primary DNS Server. The primary DNS server that resolves IPv6 domain name
records for the router.
•
Secondary DNS Server. The secondary DNS server that resolves IPv6 domain
name records for the router.
Note: If you do not specify the DNS servers, the router uses the DNS servers
that are configured for the IPv4 Internet connection on the Internet
Setup page. (See Manually Set Up the Internet Connection on
page 24.)
7. Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the
LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:
• Use DHCP Server. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some
IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.
•
Auto Config. This is the default setting.
8. In the IPv6 Address/Prefix Length fields, specify the static IPv6 address and prefix length
of the router’s LAN interface.
If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC
address.
9. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Specify Your Internet Settings
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Set Up an IPv6 DHCP Internet Connection

To set up an IPv6 Internet connection with a DHCP server:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6.
The IPv6 page displays.
5. In the Internet Connection Type list, select DHCP.
The page adjusts:
The router automatically detects the information in the following fields:
•
Router’s IPv6 Address on WAN. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired
for the router’s WAN (or Internet) interface. The number after the slash (/) is the
length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6
address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.
•
Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired
for the router’s LAN interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix,
which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is
acquired, the field displays Not Available.
6. Select an IPv6 Domain Name Server (DNS) Address radio button:
Specify Your Internet Settings
37
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
•
Get Automatically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your
ISP automatically assigns this address.
•
Use These DNS Servers. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select
this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary
DNS server address is available, enter it also.
7. (Optional) In the User Class (If Required) field, enter a host name.
Most people can leave this field blank, but if your ISP gave you a specific host name,
enter it here.
8. (Optional) In the Domain Name (If Required) field, enter a domain name.
You can type the domain name of your IPv6 ISP. Do not enter the domain name for the
IPv4 ISP here. For example, if your ISP’s mail server is mail.xxx.yyy.zzz, type xxx.yyy.zzz
as the domain name. If your ISP provided a domain name, type it in this field. For
example, Earthlink Cable might require a host name of home, and Comcast sometimes
supplies a domain name.
9. Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the
LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:
• Use DHCP Server. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some
IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.
•
Auto Config. This is the default setting.
10. (Optional) Select the Use This Interface ID check box and specify the interface ID that you
want to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.
If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC
address.
11. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Set Up an IPv6 PPPoE Internet Connection

To set up a PPPoE IPv6 Internet connection:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6.
Specify Your Internet Settings
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
The IPv6 page displays.
5. In the Internet Connection Type list, select PPPoE.
The page adjusts:
6. Enter the settings that your service provider gave you.
If your service provider gave you only one user name and password, the service provider
most likely supports dual stack PPPoE (a single ppp session). If the service provider gave
you two user names and passwords for IPv4 and IPv6, then the router must use different
PPP session.
•
To use separate PPP sessions (the default setting), leave the Use the same Login
information as IPv4 PPPoE check box cleared and complete the PPP Login and
Password fields.
•
To use a single PPP session to establish the IPv4 and IPv6 Internet connection,
select the Use the same Login information as IPv4 PPPoE check box.
The page adjusts and the router automatically detects the information in Router’s
IPv6 Address on WAN field. Go to Step 10.
Note: If you do not see the Use the same Login information as IPv4
PPPoE check box, make sure that PPPoE is selected from the
Internet Service Provider list on the Internet Setup page. For more
information, see Specify an Internet Connection That Uses a Login on
page 25.
The Router’s IPv6 Address on WAN field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for
the router’s WAN (or Internet) interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the
prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address
is acquired, the field displays Not Available.
The Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for
the router’s LAN interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which
is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired,
the field displays Not Available.
Specify Your Internet Settings
39
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
7. In the Login field, enter the login information for the ISP connection.
This is usually the name that you use in your email address. For example, if your main
mail account is JerAB@ISP.com, you would type JerAB in this field. Some ISPs (like
Mindspring, Earthlink, and T-DSL) require that you use your full email address when you
log in. If your ISP requires your full email address, type it in this field.
8. In the Password field, enter the password for the ISP connection.
9. In the Service Name field, enter a service name.
If your ISP did not provide a service name, leave this field blank.
Note: The default setting of the Connection Mode field is Always On to
provide a steady IPv6 connection. The router never terminates the
connection. If the connection is terminated, for example, when the
modem is turned off, the router attempts to reestablish the connection
immediately after the PPPoE connection becomes available again.
10. Select an IPv6 Domain Name Server (DNS) Address radio button:
• Get Automatically from ISP. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your
ISP automatically assigns this address.
•
Use These DNS Servers. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select
this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary
DNS server address is available, enter it also.
11. Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the
LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:
• Use DHCP Server. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some
IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.
•
Auto Config. This is the default setting.
12. (Optional) Select the Use This Interface ID check box and specify the interface ID that you
want to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.
If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC
address.
13. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Change the MTU Size
The maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the largest data packet a network device transmits.
When one network device communicates across the Internet with another, the data packets
travel through many devices along the way. If a device in the data path has a lower MTU
setting than the other devices, the data packets must be split or “fragmented” to
accommodate the device with the smallest MTU.
Specify Your Internet Settings
40
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
The best MTU setting for NETGEAR equipment is often the default value. In some situations,
changing the value fixes one problem but causes another. Leave the MTU unchanged unless
one of these situations occurs:
•
You experience problems connecting to your ISP or other Internet service, and the
technical support of either the ISP or NETGEAR recommends changing the MTU setting.
These web-based applications might require an MTU change:
-
A secure website that does not open, or displays only part of a web page
-
Yahoo email
-
MSN portal
-
America Online’s DSL service
•
You use VPN and have severe performance problems.
•
You used a program to optimize MTU for performance reasons, and now you have
connectivity or performance problems.
Note: An incorrect MTU setting can cause Internet communication
problems. For example, you might not be able to access certain
websites, frames within websites, secure login pages, or FTP or POP
servers.

To change the MTU size:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > WAN Setup.
Specify Your Internet Settings
41
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
5. In the MTU Size field, enter a value from 64 to 1500.
6. Click the Apply button.
Your change is saved.
If you suspect an MTU problem, a common solution is to change the MTU to 1400. If you are
willing to experiment, you can gradually reduce the MTU from the maximum value of 1500
until the problem goes away. The following table describes common MTU sizes and
applications.
Table 2. Common MTU sizes
MTU
Application
1500
The largest Ethernet packet size. This setting is typical for connections that do not use
PPPoE or VPN, and is the default value for NETGEAR routers, adapters, and switches.
1492
Used in PPPoE environments.
1472
Maximum size to use for pinging. (Larger packets are fragmented.)
1468
Used in some DHCP environments.
1460
Usable by AOL if you do not send or receive large email attachments, for example.
1436
Used in PPTP environments or with VPN.
1400
Maximum size for AOL DSL.
576
Typical value to connect to dial-up ISPs.
Enable the Bridge or Add a VLAN Tag Group
Some devices, such as an IPTV, cannot work behind a router’s network address translation
(NAT) or firewall. Based on what your Internet service provider (ISP) requires, for the device to
connect to the ISP’s network directly, you must enable the bridge between the device and the
router’s Internet port or add new VLAN tag groups to the bridge.
Enable the Bridge
If your device, such as an IPTV, is connected to the router’s Ethernet port or WiFi network,
you can enable the bridge so that the packets sent between the device and the router’s
Internet port are not processed through the router’s network address translation (NAT).

To enable the bridge:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VLAN/Bridge Settings.
The VLAN/Bridge Settings page displays.
5. Select the Enable VLAN / Bridge group check box.
6. Select the By bridge group radio button.
7. Select a Wired Ports check box or a Wireless check box:
• If your device is connected to an Ethernet port on the router, select a Wired Ports
check box that corresponds to the Ethernet port on the router to which the device is
connected.
•
If your device is connected to your router’s WiFi network, select a Wireless check
box that corresponds to the router’s WiFi network to which the device is connected.
Note: You must select at least one Wired Ports or Wireless check box.
You can select more than one check box.
8. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Add VLAN Tag Groups
You can add VLAN tag groups to the bridge and assign VLAN IDs and priority values to each
VLAN tag group.
If you add a VLAN tag group to the bridge, packets sent between the device and the router’s
Internet port are not processed through the router’s network address translation (NAT) or
firewall.

To add a VLAN tag group:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VLAN/Bridge Settings.
The VLAN/Bridge Settings page displays.
5. Select the Enable VLAN / Bridge group check box.
6. Select the By VLAN tag group radio button.
7. Click the Add button.
The Add Vlan Rule page displays.
8. In the Name field, enter a name for the VLAN tag group.
The name can be up to 10 characters.
9. In the VLAN ID field, enter a value from 1 to 4094.
This value is provided by your Internet service provider.
10. In the Priority field, enter a value from 0 to 7.
This value is provided by your Internet service provider.
11. Select a Wired Ports check box or a Wireless check box:
• If your device is connected to an Ethernet port on the router, select a Wired Ports
check box that corresponds to the Ethernet port on the router to which the device is
connected.
•
If your device is connected to your router’s WiFi network, select a Wireless check box
that corresponds to the router’s WiFi network to which the device is connected to.
Note: You must select at least one Wired Ports or Wireless check box. You
can select more than one check box.
12. Click the Add button.
The VLAN tag group is added.
13. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Specify Your Internet Settings
44
4.
Optimize Performance
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
Optimize Internet Traffic With Dynamic QoS
•
Manage Default and Custom QoS Rules
•
Manage Uplink Bandwidth Control
•
Improve Network Connections With Universal Plug and Play
•
Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of Service
•
Enable or Disable Smart Connect
45
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Optimize Internet Traffic With Dynamic QoS
Dynamic Quality of Service (QoS) helps improve your router’s Internet traffic management
capabilities through better application and device identification, bandwidth allocation, and
traffic prioritization techniques.
Dynamic QoS resolves traffic congestion when the Internet bandwidth is limited and different
demands compete for bandwidth.
Enable Dynamic QoS

To enable Dynamic QoS:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup.
The QoS page displays.
5. Select the Enable QoS check box.
The page adjusts.
The Dynamic QoS radio button is automatically selected.
6. Specify the maximum uplink bandwidth for your Internet connection:
• Let Speedtest detect my Internet bandwidth. We recommend that you use
Speedtest to detect your Internet bandwidth.
To use Speedtest, do the following:
a. For more accurate Speedtest results, make sure that no other devices are
accessing the Internet.
b. Select the Let Speedtest detect my Internet bandwidth radio button.
c. Click the Speedtest button.
Speedtest determines your Internet bandwidth.
•
I want to define my Internet Bandwidth. If you know what your download and
upload speed are, select this radio button and enter your download and upload
speeds in the fields.
7. Click the Apply button.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Your settings are saved.
Performance Optimization Database
The router uses a QoS database of the most popular applications and services to implement
Dynamic QoS. You can set the router to automatically update the database, or you can
manually update the database.
Enable Automatic Performance Optimization Database Update

To enable the automatic performance optimization database update:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup.
The QoS page displays.
5. Make sure that the Enable QoS check box is selected.
6. Select the Dynamic QoS radio button.
The page adjusts.
7. Select the Automatic update performance optimization database check box.
8. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Manually Update the Performance Optimization Database

To manually update the performance optimization database:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup.
The QoS page displays.
5. Make sure that the Enable QoS check box is selected.
6. Select the Dynamic QoS radio button.
The page adjusts.
7. Click the Update Now button.
The router checks for the newest version of the database and downloads it.
8. Click the Apply button
Your settings are saved.
Manage Default and Custom QoS Rules
You can add custom QoS rules and change and remove both default and custom QoS rules.
You can add QoS rules for services and applications and also for specific devices on your
network.
Note: You must enable Dynamic QoS before making any changes to the
QoS rules. For more information, see Enable Dynamic QoS on
page 46.
Add a QoS Rule for a Service or Application
You can assign a traffic priority to a service or application.

To add a QoS rule for a service or application:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup.
The QoS page displays.
5. Make sure that Dynamic QoS is enabled.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
For more information, see Enable Dynamic QoS on page 46.
6. Select the Advance QoS radio button.
The page adjusts.
7. Select the QoS by Service radio button.
The page adjusts.
8. From the Applications menu, select the application.
9. From the Device Priority menu, select a priority level.
10. Click the Add button.
The new QoS rule is added to the QoS Rules table.
11. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Add a QoS Rule for a Device
You can assign a traffic priority to a device on your network.

To add a QoS rule for a device:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup.
The QoS page displays.
5. Make sure that Dynamic QoS is enabled.
For more information, see Enable Dynamic QoS on page 46.
6. Select the Advance QoS radio button.
The page adjusts.
7. Select the QoS by Device radio button.
The page adjusts.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
8. Either select the radio button for the device in the MAC Device List to complete the fields
automatically (by default, each device is assigned a normal priority) or specify the settings
for the device as described in the following table:
Field
Description
QoS Policy for
Enter a name for the QoS rule.
MAC Address
Enter the MAC address for the device.
Device
Enter the name of the device.
Priority
Select the priority (Highest, High, Normal, or Low) that must be assigned to the
service or application.
The priority selections correspond to the queue columns in the QoS rules table.
9. Click the Add button.
The new QoS rule is added to the QoS Rules table.
10. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Add a QoS Rule for a LAN Port
You can assign a traffic priority to a device connected to an Ethernet port on your router.

To add a QoS rule for a LAN port:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup.
The QoS page displays.
5. Make sure that Dynamic QoS is enabled.
For more information, see Enable Dynamic QoS on page 46.
6. Select the Advance QoS radio button.
The page adjusts.
7. Select the QoS by LAN Port radio button.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
The page adjusts.
8. In the QoS Policy for field, enter a name for the QoS rule.
9. From the Ethernet LAN Port menu, select the LAN port.
10. From the Device Priority menu, select a priority level.
11. Click the Add button.
The new QoS rule is added to the QoS Rules table.
12. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Edit a QoS Rule
You can change an existing default or custom QoS rule. For default rules, you can change
only the priority. For custom rules, you can change the priority and other settings.

To edit a QoS rule:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup.
The QoS page displays.
5. Make sure that Dynamic QoS is enabled.
For more information, see Enable Dynamic QoS on page 46.
6. Select the Advance QoS radio button.
The page adjusts.
7. Select the QoS by Service, QoS by Device, or QoS by LAN Port radio button.
The page adjusts.
8. Select the service, device, or LAN port from the QoS Rules table and click the Edit button.
The QoS-Priority Rules page displays.
9. Change the settings.
10. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Remove a QoS Rule
You can remove an individual custom or default QoS rule.

To remove a QoS rule:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup.
The QoS page displays.
5. Make sure that Dynamic QoS is enabled.
For more information, see Enable Dynamic QoS on page 46.
6. Select the Advance QoS radio button.
The page adjusts.
7. Select the QoS by Service, QoS by Device, or QoS by LAN Port radio button.
The page adjusts.
8. Select the service, device, or LAN port from the QoS Rules table and click the Delete button.
9. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Remove All QoS Rules
You can permanently remove all custom and default QoS rules.
WARNING:
If you remove all QoS rules, both the custom and default QoS rules
are permanently removed. The only way to get the default QoS rules
back is by returning the router to factory default settings.

To remove all QoS rules:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup.
The QoS page displays.
5. Make sure that Dynamic QoS is enabled.
For more information, see Enable Dynamic QoS on page 46.
6. Select the Advance QoS radio button.
The page adjusts.
7. Click the Delete All button.
8. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Manage Uplink Bandwidth Control
Uplink bandwidth control lets you check the maximum uplink bandwidth that your Internet
connection can support and specify the maximum uplink bandwidth.

To specify the maximum uplink bandwidth:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup.
The QoS page displays.
5. Make sure that the Enable QoS check box is selected.
6. Select the Advance QoS radio button.
The page adjusts.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
7. To find out what uplink bandwidth your Internet connection supports, click the Speedtest
button.
The speed test checks your uplink bandwidth and the supported uplink bandwidth
displays.
8. In the Uplink bandwidth Maximum field, enter the maximum uplink bandwidth that you
want to specify.
9. From the associated menu, select Kbps or Mbps.
10. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Improve Network Connections With Universal Plug and
Play
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) helps devices, such as Internet appliances and computers,
access the network and connect to other devices as needed. UPnP devices can
automatically discover the services from other registered UPnP devices on the network.
If you use applications such as multiplayer gaming, peer-to-peer connections, or real-time
communications such as instant messaging or remote assistance (a feature in Windows XP),
enable UPnP.

To enable Universal Plug and Play:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > UPnP.
The UPnP page displays.
5. Select the Turn UPnP On check box.
By default, this check box is selected. UPnP for automatic device configuration can be
enabled or disabled. If the Turn UPnP On check box is cleared, the router does not allow
any device to automatically control router resources, such as port forwarding.
6. Type the advertisement period in minutes.
The advertisement period specifies how often the router broadcasts its UPnP information.
This value can range from 1 to 1440 minutes. The default period is 30 minutes. Shorter
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
durations ensure that control points have current device status at the expense of more
network traffic. Longer durations can compromise the freshness of the device status, but
can significantly reduce network traffic.
7. Type the advertisement time to live in hops.
The time to live for the advertisement is measured in hops (steps) for each UPnP packet
sent. Hops are the steps a packet takes between routers. The number of hops can range
from 1 to 255. The default value for the advertisement time to live is 4 hops, which should
be fine for most home networks. If you notice that some devices are not being updated or
reached correctly, it might be necessary to increase this value.
8. Click the Apply button.
The UPnP Portmap Table displays the IP address of each UPnP device that is accessing
the router and which ports (internal and external) that device has opened. The UPnP
Portmap Table also displays what type of port is open and whether that port is still active
for each IP address.
9. To refresh the information in the UPnP Portmap table, click the Refresh button.
Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of Service
Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of Service (WMM QoS) prioritizes wireless voice and video traffic
over the WiFi link. WMM QoS is automatically enabled for the router.
WMM QoS prioritizes wireless data packets from different applications based on four access
categories: voice, video, best effort, and background. For an application to receive the
benefits of WMM QoS, both it and the client running that application must have WMM
enabled. Legacy applications that do not support WMM and applications that do not require
QoS are assigned to the best effort category, which receives a lower priority than voice and
video.

To disable WMM QoS:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup > WMM.
The WMM page displays.
5. Clear the Enable WMM (Wi-Fi multimedia) settings (2.4 GHz b/g/n) check box.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
6. Clear the Enable WMM (Wi-Fi multimedia) settings (5 GHz b/g/n) check box.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Enable or Disable Smart Connect
Smart Connect selects the fastest WiFi band for your device. For Smart Connect to work, the
2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands must use the same WiFi network name (SSID) and network key
(password). That means that when you connect to the router with WiFi, you see only one
SSID that connects to both bands.
Note: If you enable Smart Connect and the SSID and passwords for the 2.4
GHz and 5 GHz bands do not match, the WiFi settings for 2.4 GHz
band overwrites the WiFi settings for 5 GHz band.

To enable or disable Smart Connect:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select Wireless.
The Wireless Setup page displays.
5. Select or clear the Enable Smart Connect check box.
Selecting this check box turns on Smart Connect and clearing this check box turns off
Smart Connect.
6. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
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5.
Control Access to the Internet
5
The router comes with a built-in firewall that helps protect your home network from unwanted
intrusions from the Internet.
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
Set Up Parental Controls
•
Allow or Block Access to Your Network
•
Use Keywords to Block Internet Sites
•
Block Services from the Internet
•
Schedule When to Block Internet Sites and Services
•
Avoid Blocking on a Trusted Computer
•
Set Up Security Event Email Notifications
57
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Set Up Parental Controls
The first time that you select Parental Controls from the BASIC Home page, your browser
goes to the Parental Controls website.You can learn more about Parental Controls or
download the application.
After you set up and enabled parental controls, you can change the web filtering level for
each device on the network through the network map page on the genie app.

To set up Parental Controls:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select Parental Controls.
The Parental Controls website opens.
5. Click the button for the app or version that you want to download and use.
6. Follow the onscreen instructions to download and install the genie app.
7. Open the genie app and select Parental Controls.
After installation, Parental Controls automatically starts.
8. Click the Next button, read the note, and click the Next button again to proceed.
Because Parental Controls uses free OpenDNS accounts, you are prompted to log in or
create a free account.
9. Select the radio button that applies to you:
• If you already have an OpenDNS account, leave the Yes radio button selected.
•
If you do not have an OpenDNS account, select the No radio button.
If you are creating an account, the Create a free OpenDNS account page displays.
Do the following:
a. Complete the fields.
b. Click the Next button.
After you log on or create your account, the filtering level page displays.
10. Select a radio button for a filtering level and click the Next button.
The Setup is complete.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
11. Click the Take me to the status page button.
The Status page displays. Parental Controls are now set up for the router.
12. To enable Parental Controls, click the Enable Live Parental Controls button to enable it.
Allow or Block Access to Your Network
You can use access control to block access to your network.

To set up access control:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Security > Access Control.
The Access Control page displays.
5. Select the Turn on Access Control check box.
You must select this check box before you can specify an access rule and use the Allow
and Block buttons. When this check box is cleared, all devices are allowed to connect,
even if the device is in the blocked list.
6. Select an access rule:
• Allow all new devices to connect. With this setting, if you buy a new device, it can
access your network. You don’t need to enter its MAC address in this page.
NETGEAR recommends that you leave this radio button selected.
•
Block all new devices from connecting. With this setting, if you buy a new device,
before it can access your network, you must enter its MAC address for an Ethernet
connection and its MAC address for a WiFi connection in the allowed list.
The access rule does not affect previously blocked or allowed devices. It applies only to
devices joining your network in the future after you apply these settings.
7. To allow the computer or device you’re currently using to continue to access the network,
select the check box next to your computer or device, and click the Allow button.
8. To view a list allowed or blocked devices that are not connected, click the following menus:
• View list of allowed devices not currently connected to the network
•
View list of blocked devices not currently connected to the network
The list displays.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
9. Click the Apply button.
Your changes take effect.
Use Keywords to Block Internet Sites
You can use keywords to block certain Internet sites from your network. You can use
blocking all the time or based on a schedule.

To set block Internet sites:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Security > Block Sites.
5. Select one of the keyword blocking options:
• Per Schedule. Turn on keyword blocking according to the Schedule page settings.
(See Schedule When to Block Internet Sites and Services on page 62.)
•
Always. Turn on keyword blocking all the time, independent of the Schedule page.
6. In the Keyword field, enter a keyword or domain that you want to block.
For example:
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
•
Specify XXX to block http://www.badstuff.com/xxx.html.
•
Specify .com if you want to allow only sites with domain suffixes such as .edu or .gov.
•
Enter a period (.) to block all Internet browsing access.
7. Click the Add Keyword button.
The keyword is added to the keyword list. The keyword list supports up to 32 entries.
8. Click the Apply button.
Keyword blocking takes effect.

To delete keywords from the list:
1. Do one of the following:
• To delete a single word, select it and click the Delete Keyword button.
The keyword is removed from the list.
•
To delete all keywords on the list, click the Clear List button.
All keywords are removed from the list.
2. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Block Services from the Internet
You can block Internet services on your network based on the type of service. You can block
the services all the time or based on a schedule.

To block services:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Security > Block Services.
5. Specify when to block the services:
• To block the services all the time, select the Always radio button.
•
To block the services based on a schedule, select the Per Schedule radio button.
To specify the schedule, see Schedule When to Block Internet Sites and Services on
page 62.
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6. Click the Add button.
The Block Services Setup page displays:
7. To add a service that is in the Service Type list, select the application or service.
The settings for this service automatically display in the fields.
8. To add a service or application that is not the list, select User Defined.
a. If you know that the application uses either TCP or UDP, select the appropriate
protocol; otherwise, select TCP/UDP (both).
b. Enter the starting port and ending port numbers.
• If the service uses a single port number, enter that number in both fields.
•
To find out which port numbers the service or application uses, you can contact
the publisher of the application, ask user groups or newsgroups, or search on the
Internet.
9. To specify how to filter the services, select one of the following radio buttons:
• Only This IP Address. Block services for a single computer.
•
IP Address Range. Block services for a range of computers with consecutive IP
addresses on your network.
•
All lP Addresses. Block services for all computers on your network.
10. Click the Add button.
Your changes are saved.
Schedule When to Block Internet Sites and Services
When you schedule blocking, the same schedule is used to block sites and to block services.
For information about how to specify what you want the router to block, see Use Keywords to
Block Internet Sites on page 60 and Block Services from the Internet on page 61.

To schedule blocking:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
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A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Security > Schedule.
5. Specify when to block keywords and services:
• Days to Block. Select the check box for each day that you want to block the
keywords or select the Every Day check box, which automatically selects the check
boxes for all days.
•
Time of Day to Block. Select a start and end time in 24-hour format, or select All
Day for 24-hour blocking.
6. Select your time zone from the list.
7. If you use daylight saving time, select the Automatically adjust for daylight savings time
check box.
8. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Avoid Blocking on a Trusted Computer
You can exempt one trusted computer from blocking. The computer you exempt must have a
fixed IP address. You can use the reserved IP address feature to specify the IP address. See
Reserve LAN IP Addresses on page 124

To specify a trusted computer:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Security > Block Sites.
5. Scroll down and select the Allow trusted IP address to visit blocked sites check box.
6. In the Trusted IP Address field, enter the IP address of the trusted computer.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
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Set Up Security Event Email Notifications
The router can email you its logs of router activity. The log records router activity and security
events such as attempts to access blocked sites or services.

To set up email notifications:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Security > E-mail.
5. Select the Turn Email Notification On check box.
6. In the Send to This E-mail Address field, enter the email address to which logs and alerts
are sent.
This email address is also used for the From address. If this field is blank, log and alert
messages are not sent.
7. In the Your Outgoing Mail Server field, enter the name of your ISP outgoing (SMTP) mail
server (such as mail.myISP.com).
You might be able to find this information in the configuration page of your email program.
If you leave this field blank, log and alert messages are not sent.
8. In the Outgoing Mail Server Port Number field, enter your mail server’s port number.
You might be able to find this information in the configuration page of your email program.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
9. If your outgoing email server requires authentication, select the My Mail Server requires
authentication check box.
a. In the User Name field, type the user name for the outgoing email server.
b. In the Password field, type the password for the outgoing email server.
10. (Optional) Select the Send E-mail notification when a downloader task is finished check
box.
11. (Optional) Select the Send Alerts Immediately check box.
Email alerts are sent immediately when someone attempts to visit a blocked site.
12. To send logs based on a schedule, specify these settings:
• From Send logs according to this schedule drop-down list, select the schedule
type.
•
From the Day drop-down list, select the day.
•
From the Time drop-down list, select the time, and select the am or pm radio button.
13. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Logs are sent automatically. If the log fills up before the specified time, it is sent. After the
log is sent, it is cleared from the router memory. If the router cannot email the log and the
log buffer fills up, the router overwrites the log.
Control Access to the Internet
65
6.
Share USB Devices Attached to the
Router
6
This chapter describes how to access and configure a USB storage device attached to your
router. The USB port on the router can be used only to connect USB storage devices like flash
drives or hard drives, or a printer. Do not connect computers, USB modems, CD drives, or DVD
drives to the router USB port.
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
USB Device Requirements
•
Access a USB Device on the Network
•
Back Up Windows Computers with ReadySHARE Vault
•
Back Up Mac Computers with Time Machine
•
Control Access to the USB Device
•
Use FTP Within the Network
•
View Network Folders on a USB Device
•
Add a Network Folder on a USB Device
•
Edit a Network Folder on a USB Device
•
Safely Remove a USB Device
For more information about ReadySHARE features, visit www.netgear.com/readyshare.
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USB Device Requirements
The router works with most USB-compliant external flash and hard drives. For the most
up-to-date list of USB drives that the router supports, visit
http://kbserver.netgear.com/readyshare.
Some USB external hard drives and flash drives require you to load the drivers onto the
computer before the computer can access the USB storage device. Such USB storage
devices do not work with the router.
The router supports the following file system types for full read/write access:
•
FAT16, FAT32
•
NTFS
•
NTFS with compression format enabled
•
Ext2, Ext3, Ext4
•
XFS
•
HFS
•
HFS+
Access a USB Device on the Network
ReadySHARE lets you access and share a USB storage device connected to the router USB
port. (If your USB storage device uses special drivers, it is not compatible.)
USB 3.0 port
Figure 6. The blue USB 3.0 port on the front of the router provides the fastest access
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Connect a USB Device to the Router

To connect a USB storage device to the router:
1. Connect your USB storage device to the USB port on the router.
The blue, USB 3.0 port on the front of the router performs faster than the USB 2.0 port on
the rear panel of the router.
2. If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.
You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.
When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to
two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available
to all computers on your local area network (LAN).
Access the USB Device from a Mac

To access the USB storage device from a Mac :
1. Connect your USB storage device to the USB port on the router.
The blue, USB 3.0 port on the front of the router performs faster than the USB 2.0 port on
the rear panel of the router.
2. If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.
You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.
When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to
two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available
to all computers on your local area network (LAN).
3. On a Mac that is connected to the network, launch Finder and select Go > Connect to
Server.
The Connect to Server window displays.
4. Enter the smb://readyshare in the Server Address field.
5. Click the Connect button.
6. When prompted, select the Guest radio button.
7. If you set up access control on the router and you allowed your Mac to access the network,
select the Registered User radio button and enter admin for the name and password for the
password.
For more information about access control, see Allow or Block Access to Your Network
on page 59.
8. Click the Connect button.
A window displays the files and folders on the device.
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Access a USB Device from a Windows Computer

To access the USB storage device from a Windows computer:
1. Connect your USB storage device to the USB port on the router.
The blue, USB 3.0 port on the front of the router performs faster than the USB 2.0 port on
the rear panel of the router.
2. If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.
You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.
When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to
two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available
to all computers on your local area network (LAN).
3. On a Windows computer that is connected to the network, select Start > Run.
4. Enter \\readyshare in the dialog box.
5. Click the OK button.
A window displays the files and folders on the device.
Map the USB Storage Device to a Windows Network Drive

To map the USB device to a Windows network drive:
1. Connect your USB storage device to the USB port on the router.
2. If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.
You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.
When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to
two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available
to all computers on your local area network (LAN).
3. On a Windows computer that is connected to the network, select Start > Run.
4. Enter \\readyshare in the dialog box.
5. Click the OK button.
A window displays the USB storage device.
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6. Right-click the USB storage device and select Map network drive.
The Map Network Drive window displays:
7. Select the drive letter to map to the network folder.
8. Click the Finish button.
The USB device is mapped to the drive letter that you specified.
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9. To connect to the USB storage device as a different user, select the Connect using
different credentials check box, click the Finish button, and do the following:
a. Type the user name and password.
b. Click the OK button.
The USB storage device is mapped to the drive letter that you specified.
Back Up Windows Computers with ReadySHARE Vault
Your router comes with free backup software for all the Windows computers in your home.
Connect a USB hard disk drive (HDD) to the USB port on your router for centralized,
continuous, and automatic backup.
The following operating systems support ReadySHARE Vault:

•
Windows XP SP3
•
Windows 7
•
Windows 8
•
Windows 8.1
•
Windows 10
To back up your Windows computer:
1. Connect a USB HDD to a USB port on the router.
The blue, USB 3.0 port on the front of the router performs faster than the USB 2.0 port on
the rear panel of the router.
2. Download ReadySHARE Vault from www.netgear.com/readyshare and install it on each
Windows computer.
3. Launch ReadySHARE Vault.
The dashboard displays.
4. Use the dashboard or the Backup tab to set up and run your backup jobs.
Back Up Mac Computers with Time Machine
You can use Time Machine to back up your Mac computers onto a USB hard disk drive
(HDD) that is connected to one of the router’s USB ports. You can access the connected
USB hard drive from your Mac with a wired or wireless connection to your router.
Set Up a USB Hard Drive on a Mac
NETGEAR recommends that you use a new USB HDD or format your old USB HDD to do
the Time Machine backup for the first time. Use a blank partition to prevent some issues
during backup using Time Machine. The router supports GUID or MBR partitions.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router

To format your USB hard disk drive and specify partitions:
1. Physically connect the USB hard drive to your Mac.
2. On your Mac, go to Spotlight (or the magnifying glass) at the top right of the page and
search for Disk Utility.
3. Open the Disk Utility, click the Erase tab, and click the Erase button.
4. Click the Partition tab.
5. Click Partition Layout and set the number of partitions that you want to use.
6. Click the Options button.
The Partition options display.
7. Select the GUID Partition Table or Master Boot Record radio button.
8. For the format, select Mac OS Extended (Journaled).
9. Click the OK button.
10. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Prepare to Back Up a Large Amount of Data
Before you back up a large amount of data with Time Machine, NETGEAR recommends that
you follow this procedure.

To prepare to back up a large amount of data:
1. Upgrade the operating system of the Mac computer.
2. Verify and repair the backup disk and the local disk.
3. Verify and repair the permissions on the local disk.
4. Set Energy Saver:.
a. From the Apple menu, select System Preferences.
The System Preference window displays.
b. Select Energy Saver.
The Energy Saver page displays.
c. Click the Power Adapter tab.
d. Select the Wake for Wi-Fi network access check box.
e. Click the Back arrow to save the changes and exit the page.
5. Modify your security settings.
a. From the System Preferences window, select Security & Privacy.
The Security & Privacy page displays.
b. Click the Advanced button at the bottom of the page.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
If the Advanced button is grayed out, click the lock icon so that you can change the
settings.
c. Clear the Log out after minutes of inactivity check box.
d. Click the OK button.
Your changes are saved.
Use Time Machine to Back Up onto a USB Hard Drive
You can use Time Machine to back up your Mac computers onto a USB HDD that is
connected to one of the router’s USB ports.

To back up your Mac onto a USB hard drive:
1. Prepare your USB HDD with a compatible format and partitions
For more information, see Set Up a USB Hard Drive on a Mac on page 71.
2. If you plan to back up a large amount of data, see Prepare to Back Up a Large Amount of
Data on page 72.
3. Insert your USB HDD into a USB port on the router.
Note: If your USB HDD uses a power supply, you must use it when you
connect the USB HDD to the router.
The blue USB 3.0-Storage port on the front of the router performs faster than the USB
2.0-Printer port on the rear panel of the router.
When you connect the USB HDD to the router USB port, it might take up to two minutes
before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB drive is available to all computers on
your local area network (LAN).
4. On your Mac computer that is connected to the router’s network, launch Finder and select
Go > Connect to Server.
The Connect to Server window displays.
5. Type smb://routerlogin.net and click the Connect button.
6. When prompted, select the Registered User radio button.
7. Enter admin for the name and password for the password and click the Connect button.
A list of USB devices connected to your router displays.
8. From the Apple menu, select System Preferences.
The System Preferences window displays.
9. Select Time Machine.
The Time Machine window displays.
10. Click the Select Backup Disk button and select your USB device from the list.
11. Click the Use Disk button.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Note: If you do not see the USB partition that you want in the Time Machine
disk list, go to Mac finder and click that USB partition. It displays in the
Time Machine list.
12. When prompted, select the Registered User radio button.
13. Enter admin for the name and password for the password and click the Connect button.
The setup is complete and the Mac automatically schedules a full back up. You can back
up immediately if you want.
Control Access to the USB Device
You can specify the device name, workgroups, and network folders for your USB device.

To specify the USB access settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
5. Specify access to the USB storage device:
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
•
Network Device Name. This is the name used to access the USB device connected
to the router. The default is readyshare.
•
Workgroup. If you are using a Windows workgroup rather than a domain, the
workgroup name is displayed here. The name works only in an operating system that
supports NetBIOS, such as Microsoft Windows.
•
Access Method. Select the check boxes for the access methods that you want:
-
Network Connection. Enabled by default.
-
HTTP. Enabled by default. You can type
http://readyshare.routerlogin.net/shares to access the USB drive.
-
HTTPS (via Internet). Disabled by default. If you enable this feature, remote
users can type http://<public IP address/shares> (for example,
http://1.1.10.102/shares) or a URL domain name to access the USB drive over the
Internet. This feature supports file uploading only.
-
FTP. Disabled by default.
-
FTP (via Internet). Disabled by default. If you select this check box, remote users
can access the USB drive through FTP over the Internet. This feature supports
both downloading and uploading of files.
6. If you changed the settings, click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Use FTP Within the Network
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) lets you send and receive large files faster.

To set up FTP access:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
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4. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
5. Select the FTP check box.
6. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
View Network Folders on a USB Device
You can view or change the network folders on the USB storage device

To view network folders:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
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4. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
5. Scroll down to the Available Networks Folder section of the page, and adjust the following
settings:
• Share Name. If only one device is connected, the default share name is
USB_Storage. (Some router models have more than one USB port.)
You can click the name, or you can type it in the address field of your web browser. If
Not Shared is shown, the default share has been deleted, and no other share for the
root folder exists. Click the link to change this setting.
•
Read Access and Write Access. Show the permissions and access controls on the
network folder. All–no password (the default) allows all users to access the network
folder. The password for admin is the same one that you use to log in to the router.
•
Folder Name. Full path of the network folder.
•
Volume Name. Volume name from the storage device (either USB drive or HDD).
•
Total Space and Free Space. Show the current utilization of the storage device.
Add a Network Folder on a USB Device
You can add network folders on the USB storage device.

To add a network folder:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
5. Click the Create Network Folder button.
If this page does not display, your web browser might be blocking pop-ups. If it is, change
the browser settings to allow pop-ups.
6. In the USB Device list, select the USB drive.
7. Click the Browse button and in the Folder field, select the folder.
8. In the Share Name field, type the name of the share.
9. In the Read Access list and the Write Access list, select the settings that you want.
The user name (account name) for All–no password is guest. The password for admin is
the same one that is used to log in to the router. By default, it is password.
10. Click the Apply button.
The folder is added on the USB device.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Edit a Network Folder on a USB Device
You can edit network folders on the USB storage device.

To edit a network folder:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
5. Click the Edit button.
The Edit Network Folder page displays the same settings shown in the Add a Network
Folder page.
6. Change the settings in the fields as needed.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Safely Remove a USB Device
Before you physically disconnect a USB storage device from the router USB port, log in to
the router and take the device offline.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router

To remove a USB disk drive safely:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
5. Click the Safely Remove USB Device button.
This takes the drive offline.
6. Physically disconnect the USB drive.
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80
7.
Manage Dynamic DNS and Access
Storage Devices Through the Internet
7
With Dynamic DNS, you can use the Internet and a personal domain name to access a USB
storage device that is attached to a USB port on the router when you are not home. If you know
the IP address of the router (and the IP address did not change), you can also access the USB
storage device by using the IP address.
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
Set Up and Manage Dynamic DNS
•
Access Storage Devices Through the Internet
•
Download Files onto a USB Storage Device
•
Remotely Access a USB Device Using ReadyCLOUD
•
View Photos on Your USB Device With Kwilt
For information about how to connect the USB drive and to specify its settings, see Chapter 6,
Share USB Devices Attached to the Router.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Set Up and Manage Dynamic DNS
Internet service providers (ISPs) assign numbers called IP addresses to identify each
Internet account. Most ISPs use dynamically assigned IP addresses. This means that the IP
address can change at any time. You can use the IP address to access your network
remotely, but most people don’t know what their IP addresses are or when this number
changes.
To make it easier to connect, you can get a free account with a Dynamic DNS service that
lets you use a domain name to access your home network. To use this account, you must set
up the router to use Dynamic DNS. Then the router notifies the Dynamic DNS service
provider whenever its IP address changes. When you access your Dynamic DNS account,
the service finds the current IP address of your home network and automatically connects
you.
If your ISP assigns a private WAN IP address (such as 192.168.x.x or 10.x.x.x), the Dynamic
DNS service does not work because private addresses are not routed on the Internet.
Your Personal FTP Server
With your customized free URL, you can use FTP to access your network when you aren’t
home through Dynamic DNS. To set up your FTP server, you must register for a free
NETGEAR Dynamic DNS (DDNS) service account and specify the account settings in the
router’s Dynamic DNS page.
FTP Directory: FTP://‘custom name’.mynetgear.com
FTP Directory: FTP://‘custom name’.mynetgear.com
FTP Directory:
FTP://‘custom name’.mynetgear.com
FTP
Director
y: FTP://‘cu
FTP
stom
name’.m
Directory
: FTP://
ynetgea
‘custom
r.com
name’.my
netgear.c
om
Figure 7. You can access your network through the Internet when you;re not home
Note: The router supports only basic DDNS, and the login and password
might not be secure. You can use DDNS with a VPN tunnel for a
secure connection.
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Set Up Your Personal FTP Server

To set up your personal account and use FTP:
1. Get your free NETGEAR Dynamic DNS domain name.
For more information, see Your Personal FTP Server on page 82.
2. Make sure that your Internet connection is working.
Your router must use a direct Internet connection. It cannot connect to a different router to
access the Internet.
3. Connect a USB storage device to a USB port on the router.
4. Set up FTP access in the router.
For more information, see Set Up FTP Access Through the Internet on page 86.
5. On a remote computer with Internet access, you can use FTP to access your router using
ftp://yourname.mynetgear.com, in which yourname is your specific domain name.
For more information, see Use FTP to Access Storage Devices Through the Internet on
page 88.
Set Up a New Dynamic DNS Account

To set up Dynamic DNS and register for a free NETGEAR account:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
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4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Settings > Dynamic DNS.
5. Select the Use a Dynamic DNS Service check box.
6. In the Service Provider list, select NETGEAR.
7. Select the No radio button.
8. In the Host Name field, type the name that you want to use for your URL.
The host name is sometimes called the domain name. Your free URL includes the host
name that you specify, and ends with mynetgear.com. For example, specify
MyName.mynetgear.com.
9. In the Email field, type the email address that you want to use for your account.
10. In the Password (6-32 characters) field, type the password for your account.
11. Click the Register button.
12. Follow the onscreen instructions to register for your NETGEAR Dynamic DNS service.
13. To check that Dynamic DNS is enabled in the router, click the Show Status button.
A message displays the Dynamic DNS status.
Specify a DNS Account That You Already Created
If you already have a Dynamic DNS account with NETGEAR no-ip, www.no-ip.com, or
www.DynDNS.org, you can set up the router to use your account.

To set up Dynamic DNS if you already created an account:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
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The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Settings > Dynamic DNS.
5. Select the Use a Dynamic DNS Service check box.
6. In the Service Provider list, select one of the following:
• NETGEAR
•
www.no-ip.com
•
www.DynDNS.org
7. Select the Yes radio button.
The page adjusts and displays the Show Status, Cancel, and Apply buttons.
8. In the Host Name field, type the host name (sometimes called the domain name) for your
account.
9. For a www.no-ip or www.DynDNS account, in the User Name field, enter the user name for
your account.
10. For a NETGEAR account at www.no-ip, in the Email field, type the email address for your
account.
11. In the Password (6-32 characters) field, type the password for your DDNS account.
12. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
13. To verify that your Dynamic DNS service is enabled in the router, click the Show Status
button.
A message displays the Dynamic DNS status.
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Change the Dynamic DNS Settings

To change your settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Settings > Dynamic DNS.
5. Change your DDNS account settings as necessary.
6. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Access Storage Devices Through the Internet
You can access the USB storage device through the Internet when you’re not home.

To access the USB storage device from a remote computer:
1. Launch a web browser on a computer that is not on your home network.
2. Connect to your home router:
• To connect with Dynamic DNS, type the DNS name.
To use a Dynamic DNS account, you must enter the account information in the
Dynamic DNS page. See Set Up and Manage Dynamic DNS on page 82.
•
To connect without Dynamic DNS, type the router’s Internet port IP address.
You can view the router’s Internet IP address on the BASIC Home page.
You can use FTP to share files on a USB drive connected to the router.
Set Up FTP Access Through the Internet

To set up FTP access:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
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3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
5. Select the FTP (via Internet) check box.
6. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
7. To limit access to the admin user, click the Edit button.
8. In the Read Access list, select admin.
9. In the Write Access list, select admin.
10. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
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Use FTP to Access Storage Devices Through the Internet
If you attached a USB storage device to the modem router, before you can access the
storage device through the Internet with FTP, you must first set it up. For more information,
see Set Up FTP Access Through the Internet on page 86.

To access the USB storage device with FTP from a remote computer:
1. Take one of the following actions:
• To download a file from a USB storage device connected to the router, launch an web
browser.
•
To upload a file to a USB storage device connected to the router, use an FTP client
such as filezilla.
2. Enter ftp:// and the Internet port IP address in the address field of the browser.
For example, enter ftp://10.1.65.4.
If you are using Dynamic DNS, type the DNS name.
For example, enter ftp://MyName.mynetgear.com.
3. When prompted, log in:.
• To log in as admin, in the user name field, type admin and in the password field, type
the same password that you use to log in to the router.
•
To log in as guest, in the user name field, enter guest.
The guest user name does not have a password. To restrict access to the USB drive,
you can specify that only the admin user can access it. See Control Access to the
USB Device on page 74.
The files and folders of the USB drive that your account has access to display. For
example, you might see share/partition1/directory1.
4. Navigate to a location on the USB storage device.
5. Download or upload the file.
Download Files onto a USB Storage Device
NETGEAR Downloader is a download agent that runs on the router. You can use it to
download files onto a USB HDD that is connected to the router so that you do not need to
keep the computer running.
Download Files

To use NETGEAR Downloader to download files:
1. Connect your USB storage device to the router USB port.
2. If your USB device uses a power supply, connect it.
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You must use the power supply when you connect the USB device to the router.
When you connect the USB device to the router USB port, it might take up to two minutes
before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB device is available to all computers on
your local area network (LAN).
3. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the network.
4. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
5. Enter the user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
6. Select ADVANCED > NETGEAR Downloader (BETA) > Download Manager.
The Download Manager page displays.
7. Select the Enable NETGEAR Downloader check box.
The page adjusts:
8. From the Download Type menu, select a download protocol.
The fields change based on which protocol you choose.
9. Complete the fields presented for the option you chose.
10. Click the Add button.
The router begins the download.
11. To display the downloading status, click the Refresh button.
12. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
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You can use the Pause, Resume, and Delete buttons to manage the downloading tasks.
The completed downloading tasks display in the Downloaded Files section.
Change the Download Settings
You can change the default save path to any directory on the USB storage device that is
connected to the router. You can change the maximum number of concurrent downloading
tasks, but NETGEAR recommends 3 as the most effective setting. You can enable
autorefresh to see updated downloading tasks, but this might slow down speed of the
downloads.

To change NETGEAR Downloader settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > NETGEAR Downloader (BETA) > Downloader Settings.
5. Make any needed changes.
6. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Send Downloader Email Notifications
The router can email you when a downloader task is finished.
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
To set up email notifications when a downloader task is finished:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > NETGEAR Downloader (BETA) > Downloader Settings.
5. Click the Configure Email button.
The E-mail page displays.
6. Select the Send E-mail notifications when a downloader task is finished check box.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
Manage Downloader Tasks

To manage Downloader tasks:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
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4. Select ADVANCED > NETGEAR Downloader (BETA) > Download Manager.
5. Make any needed changes.
6. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Remotely Access a USB Device Using ReadyCLOUD
NETGEAR ReadyCLOUD for routers lets you remotely access files stored on a USB storage
device that is connected to the router. Before you can use ReadyCLOUD, you must create a
ReadyCLOUD account and register your router.
A ReadyCLOUD app is also available for Windows computers, Android mobile devices, and
iOS mobile devices. For more information about setting up ReadyCLOUD, see the
ReadyCLOUD for Routers User Manual, which is available online at
http://downloadcenter.netgear.com.
Create a ReadyCLOUD Account

To create a ReadyCLOUD account:
7. Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device.
8. Visit http://readycloud.netgear.com.
The ReadyCLOUD Welcome page displays.
9. Click the Sign In link.
The Sign In page displays.
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10. Click the Create Account link.
11. Complete the fields to set up your account, and click the Create button.
You are now ready to register your router with your ReadyCLOUD account.
Register Your Router With ReadyCLOUD
After you create a ReadyCLOUD account, you must register your router with your
ReadyCLOUD account.

To register your router with your ReadyCLOUD account:
1. Visit http://kb.netgear.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/27323/ and check to see if you router
supports ReadyCLOUD.
2. Connect a USB storage device to a USB port on the router.
If your USB storage device uses a power supply, you must use it when you connect the
USB storage device to the router.
When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to two
minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available to all
computers on your local area network (LAN).
3. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the network.
4. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
5. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
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6. Select ReadySHARE.
7. Select the ReadyCLOUD radio button.
8. Enter your ReadyCLOUD user name and password and click the Register button.
If you did not create a ReadyCLOUD account, see Create a ReadyCLOUD Account on
page 92.
The router is registered with ReadyCLOUD.
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Note: If the router’s Internet connection mode is set to Dial on Demand, the
router automatically changes the connection mode to Always On. This
change is required for ReadyCLOUD to remotely access the USB
storage device.
9. After registration, visit http://readycloud.netgear.com.
10. Click the Sign In link, enter your ReadyCLOUD user name and password, and click the
Sign In button.
The ReadyCLOUD page displays the router that you registered and the contents of the
USB storage device that is connected to the router.
View Photos on Your USB Device With Kwilt
You can use Kwilt to view photos stored on a USB storage device that is connected to the
router. Kwilt is a free app for iOS devices that lets you view photos from different sources.

To add the router to your Kwilt account and view photos stored on a USB storage
device:
1. Transfer your photos to a USB storage device.
2. Connect your USB storage device to the router.
3. Make sure that the router is connected to the Internet.
4. Connect your iOS device to the router’s WiFi network.
If you set up a guest network, make sure that you are not connected to the guest network.
5. Download the Kwilt app to your iOS device from the Apple App Store.
6. Launch the Kwilt app on your iOS device.
7. Log in or create a Kwilt account.
8. If you created a new account, authorize your photo streams, add them to your account, and
read the tutorial.
The Kwilt timeline page displays.
9. Tap the
icon.
The Kwilt settings page displays.
10. Tap PHOTO STREAMS and tap the
icon.
The ADD PHOTO STREAMS page displays.
11. Scroll down to the STORAGE DEVICES section and tap KWILT STREAMER.
Your router displays in the device list.
12. Tap the router and tap the ADD button.
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The router is added to your account and you can now use the Kwilt app to view the
photos stored on the USB storage device, even when you are away from home.
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8.
Use the Router as a Media Server
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
Specify ReadyDLNA Media Server Settings
•
Play Music from a USB Storage Device with iTunes Server
•
Set Up the Router to Work With TiVo
•
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Specify ReadyDLNA Media Server Settings
By default, the router acts as a ReadyDLNA media server, which lets you view movies and
photos on DLNA/UPnP AV-compliant media players, such as Xbox360, Playstation, and
NETGEAR media players.

To specify media server settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
The USB Storage (Advanced Settings) page displays.
5. Select the Media Server tab.
The Media Server (Settings) page displays.
6. Specify the settings:
• Enable Media Server. Select this check box to enable this device to act as a media
server.
•
Enable TiVo support. Select this check box if you want to play ReadyNAS media on
your TiVo device. See the Play Media From a USB Device on TiVo on page 103.
•
Media Server Device Name. Specify the name of the media server.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Play Music from a USB Storage Device with iTunes Server
iTunes server lets you play music from a USB device that is connected to a USB port on your
router with iTunes on your Windows or Mac computer or with the Apple Remote app on your
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iPhone or iPad. You can also use the Apple Remote app from an iPhone or iPad to play
music on any AirPlay devices, such as Apple TV or AirPlay-supported receivers.
Figure 8. Play music on a USB drive with iTunes
Supported music file formats are MP3, AAC, and FLAC. The maximum number of music files
supported is 10,000.
Set Up the Router’s iTunes Server With iTunes
You can play music from a USB device that is connected to your router with iTunes on your
Windows or Mac computer using Home Sharing. To set up Home Sharing, you need an
Apple account and the latest version of iTunes installed on your computer.

To set up the router’s iTunes server to play music on iTunes:
1. Connect a USB storage device to a USB port on your router.
2. If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.
You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.
When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to
two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available
to all computers on your local area network (LAN).
3. Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to your router’s
network.
4. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
5. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
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The BASIC Home page displays.
6. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
The USB Storage (Advanced Settings) page displays.
7. Select the Media Server tab.
The Media Server (Settings) page displays.
8. Select the Enable iTunes Media Server (Music Only) check box and click the Apply
button.
Your settings are saved.
9. On your Windows or Mac computer, launch iTunes.
10. Select File > Home Sharing > Turn On Home Sharing.
The Home Sharing page displays.
11. Enter your Apple ID email address and password and click the Turn On Home Sharing
button.
When Home Sharing is enabled, a Home Sharing icon displays in iTunes
12. Click the Home Sharing icon
.
and from the menu, select the router.
The music that is on the USB device that is connected to the router displays in iTunes.
Set Up the Router’s iTunes Server With the Remote App
You can play music from a USB device that is connected to your router on your iPhone or
iPad using the Apple Remote app.

To set up the router’s iTunes server to play music on your iPhone or iPad:
1. Connect a USB storage device to a USB port on your router.
2. If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.
You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.
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When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to
two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available
to all computers on your local area network (LAN).
3. Connect your iPhone or iPad to your router’s WiFi network.
4. Download the Remote app from the Apple App Store.
5. Launch the Remote app
from your iPhone or iPad.
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6. Click the Add a Device button.
7. Specify the passcode in the router to set up your iTunes Server:
a. Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to your router’s
network.
b. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
c. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
d. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
The USB Storage (Advanced Settings) page displays.
e. Select the Media Server tab.
The Media Server (Settings) page displays.
f.
Select the Enable iTunes Media Server (Music Only) check box and click the
Apply button.
g. Enter the passcode and click the Allow Control button.
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Your settings are saved.
Your iPhone or iPad pairs with the router and the iTunes Server is ready. The router
displays in the Remote app.
8. In the Remote app, tap the router your iPhone or iPad is connected to.
The music that is on the USB storage device that is connected to the router displays in
the app.
Set Up the Router to Work With TiVo
You can set up your TiVo to access media files stored on a USB device that is connected to
your router. The TiVo must be on the same network as the router. This feature supports the
following file formats:
•
Video. See and play mpeg1, and mpeg2 files.
•
Music. See and play MP3 files.
•
Pictures. View images in jpg format.
You can use the TiVo (Series 2 and up) Home Media Option to play photos and music on
your Windows or Mac computer in your TiVo user interface.

To set up the router to work with TiVo:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage.
The USB Storage (Advanced Settings) page displays.
5. Select the Media Server tab.
The Media Server (Settings) page displays.
6. Make sure that the Enable TiVo support check box is selected.
Play Media From a USB Device on TiVo
Make sure that you set up the router to work with TiVo. For more information, see Set Up the
Router to Work With TiVo on page 103.
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Play Videos on TiVo

To play videos:
1. On the TiVo, select TiVo Central > My Shows.
2. Go to the bottom of the list and select the router.
Play Music or View Photos on TiVo

To play music or view photos:
1. On the TiVo, select TiVo Central > Music, Photos, & Showcases.
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2. Select an item to play or watch.
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9.
9
Share a USB Printer
The ReadySHARE Printer utility lets you share a USB printer that is connected to the USB port
on your router. You can share this USB printer among the Windows and Mac computers on your
network.
For more information about the features available in the NETGEAR USB Control Center, see the
ReadySHARE Printer User Manual, which is available http://downloadcenter.netgear.com.
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
Install the Printer Driver and Cable the Printer
•
Download the ReadySHARE Printer Utility
•
Install the ReadySHARE Printer Utility
•
Print Using the NETGEAR USB Control Center
•
View or Change the Status of a Printer
•
Use the Scan Feature of a Multifunction USB Printer
•
Change NETGEAR USB Control Center Settings
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Install the Printer Driver and Cable the Printer
Some USB printer manufacturers (for example, HP and Lexmark printers) request that you
do not connect the USB cable until the installation software prompts you to do so.

To install the driver and cable the printer:
1. On each computer on your network that shares the USB printer, install the driver
software for the USB printer.
If you do not have the printer driver, contact the printer manufacturer.
2. Use a USB printer cable to connect the USB printer to the router USB port.
USB port
Download the ReadySHARE Printer Utility
The utility works on Windows and Mac computers.

To download the utility:
1. Visit www.netgear.com/readyshare.
2. Click the PRINT - Learn how you can print wirelessly from many devices link.
3. Click one of the following links to download the ReadySHARE Printer utility setup file:
• Download PC installer and get started. Download the utility for Windows
computers.
•
Download Mac installer and get started. Download the utility for MAC computers.
•
Download the genie App and get started. Download the genie app to set up
AirPrint with your iOS device.
4. Follow the onscreen instructions to install the ReadySHARE Printer utility.
Install the ReadySHARE Printer Utility
You must install the ReadySHARE Printer utility on each computer that will share the printer.
After you install it, the utility displays as NETGEAR USB Control Center on your computer.
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
To install the utility:
1. If necessary, unzip the ReadySHARE Printer utility setup file.
2. Double-click the ReadySHARE Printer utility setup file that you downloaded.
3. Follow the wizard instructions to install NETGEAR USB Control Center.
After the InstallShield Wizard completes the installation, the NETGEAR USB Control
Center prompts you to select a language:
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4. Select a language from the menu and click the OK button.
The USB printer connected to the router displays in the NETGEAR USB Control Center
window.
Note: Some firewall software, such as Comodo or Norton, blocks
NETGEAR USB Control Center from accessing the USB printer. If you
do not see the USB printer displayed in the utility, you can disable the
firewall temporarily to allow the utility to work.
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Print Using the NETGEAR USB Control Center
For each computer, after you click the Connect and Disconnect buttons once, the utility
automatically manages the printing queue and handling. By default, the utility starts
automatically whenever you log on to Windows and runs in the background.

To print a document using the NETGEAR USB Control Center:
1. Click the NETGEAR USB Control Center icon
.
2. Select a printer and click the Connect button.
The printer status changes to Manually connected by Mycomputer. Now only the
computer you are using can use this printer.
3. Use the print feature in your application to print your document.
The NETGEAR USB Control Center automatically connects your computer to the USB
printer and prints the document. If another computer is already connected to the printer,
your print job goes into a queue to wait to be printed.
4. If your document does not print, use the NETGEAR USB Control Center to check the printer
status.
5. To release the printer so that all computers on the network can use it, click the Disconnect
button.
The status changes to Available. Now any computers on the network can use the printer.
6. To exit the utility, select System > Exit.
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View or Change the Status of a Printer

To view or change the status:
1. Click the NETGEAR USB Control Center icon
.
The Status column shows the status for each device:
•
Available. No print jobs are in progress. You can use the USB printer from any
computer in the network.
•
Connected. Your computer is connected to the printer and will be released when
your print job is done.
•
Manually Connected by. Only the connected computer can use the printer.
•
Waiting to Connect. Your computer is not connected to the shared printer yet.
2. To print from your computer when the printer status shows Manually connected by another
computer, do the following:
a. Click the Connect button on your computer.
On the other user’s computer, a message displays that another user wants to connect
to the printer.
b. On the other user’s computer, click the Accept button.
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The printer is released from the connection and the printer status on your computer
changes to Available.
3. To print from your computer when the status shows Waiting to Connect, do the following:
a. Click the Connect button.
The printer status changes to Manually connected by Mycomputer. Now only your
computer can use the printer.
b. To allow the printer to be shared, click the Disconnect button.
The printer is released from the connection and the status changes to Available.
Use the Scan Feature of a Multifunction USB Printer
If your USB printer supports scanning, you can also use the USB printer for scanning.

To use the scan feature of a multifunction USB printer:
1. Click the NETGEAR USB Control Center icon
.
2. Make sure that the printer status shows as Available.
3. Click the Network Scanner button.
4. If a Select a Device window displays, select the scanner and click the OK button.
The scanner widow displays so that you can use the USB printer for scanning.
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Change NETGEAR USB Control Center Settings
You can stop the NETGEAR USB Control Center from starting automatically when you log in
to Windows. You can also change the language and specify the time-out to release the
printer connection.
Turn Off Automatic Startup for NETGEAR USB Control Center
You can stop the NETGEAR USB Control Center from starting automatically when you log in
to Windows.

To turn off automatic NETGEAR USB Control Center startup:
1. Click the NETGEAR USB Control Center icon
.
2. Select Tools > Configuration.
The Control Center - Configuration window displays.
3. Clear the Automatically execute when logging on Windows check box.
4. Click the OK button.
Your settings are saved.
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Change the Language in NETGEAR USB Control Center

To change the language:
1. Click the NETGEAR USB Control Center icon
.
2. Select Tools > Configuration.
The Control Center - Configuration window displays.
3. In the Language menu, select a language.
4. Click the OK button.
The next time NETGEAR USB Control Center starts, the language changes.
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Specify the Time-Out for NETGEAR USB Control Center
Specify the time-out to release the printer connection.

To specify the time-out:
1. Click the NETGEAR USB Control Center icon
.
2. Select Tools > Configuration.
The Control Center - Configuration window displays.
3. In the Timeout field, type the number of minutes.
The time-out is the number of minutes that a computer holds its connection to the printer
when the connection isn’t being used.
4. Click the OK button.
Your settings are saved.
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10.
Specify Network Settings
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
Disable LED Blinking or Turn off LEDs
•
View WAN Settings
•
Set Up a Default DMZ Server
•
Change the Router’s Device Name
•
Change the LAN TCP/IP Settings
•
Specify the IP Addresses that the Router Assigns
•
Disable the DHCP Server Feature in the Router
•
Reserve LAN IP Addresses
•
Use the WPS Wizard for WiFi Connections
•
Specify Basic WiFi Settings
•
Change the WiFi Password or Security Level
•
Set Up a Guest Network
•
How the Router Manages Wireless Clients
•
Control the Wireless Radios
•
Set Up a Wireless Schedule
•
Specify WPS Settings
•
Set Up the Router with an Existing Router or Gateway
•
Use the Router as a Wireless Access Point
•
Set Up the Router in Bridge Mode
•
Set Up a Wireless Distribution System
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Disable LED Blinking or Turn off LEDs
The router LEDs on the top panel indicate router activities and behavior. You can disable
LED blinking for network communications, or turn off all LEDs except the Power LED.

To disable LED blinking or turn off the LEDs:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > LED Control Settings.
By default, the Enable blinking on Internet LED, LAN LED, Wireless LED, and USB
LED when data traffic is detected radio button is selected, which allows standard LED
behavior. For information about standard LED behavior, see Table 1, LED and button
descriptions on page 11.
5. To disable blinking, select this radio button: Disable blinking on Internet LED, LAN LED,
Wireless LED, and USB LED when data traffic is detected.
6. To turn off the LEDs, select this radio button: Turn off all LEDs except Power LED.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your change takes effect.
View WAN Settings
You can view or configure wide area network (WAN) settings for the Internet port. You can
set up a DMZ (demilitarized zone) server, change the maximum transmit unit (MTU) size, and
enable the router to respond to a ping to its WAN (Internet) port.
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
To view the WAN settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > WAN Setup.
The following settings display:
•
Disable Port Scan and DoS Protection. DoS protection protects your LAN against
denial of service attacks such as Syn flood, Smurf Attack, Ping of Death, and many
others. Select this check box only in special circumstances.
•
Default DMZ Server. This feature is sometimes helpful when you are playing online
games or videoconferencing, but it makes the firewall security less effective. See Set
Up a Default DMZ Server on page 119.
•
Respond to Ping on Internet Port. This feature allows your router to be discovered.
Use this feature only as a diagnostic tool or if you have a specific reason.
•
Disable IGMP Proxying. IGMP proxying allows a computer on the local area network
(LAN) to receive the multicast traffic it is interested in from the Internet. If you do not
need this feature, you can select this check box to disable it.
•
MTU Size (in bytes). The normal MTU (maximum transmit unit) value for most
Ethernet networks is 1500 bytes, or 1492 bytes for PPPoE connections. Change the
MTU only if you are sure that it is necessary for your ISP connection. See Change the
MTU Size on page 40.
•
NAT Filtering. Network Address Translation (NAT) determines how the router
processes inbound traffic. Secured NAT protects computers on the LAN from attacks
from the Internet, but might prevent some Internet games, point-to-point applications,
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or multimedia applications from working. Open NAT provides a much less secured
firewall, but allows almost all Internet applications to work.
5. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Set Up a Default DMZ Server
The default DMZ server feature is helpful when you are using some online games and
videoconferencing applications that are incompatible with Network Address Translation
(NAT). The router is programmed to recognize some of these applications and to work
correctly with them, but other applications might not function well. In some cases, one local
computer can run the application correctly if the IP address for that computer is entered as
the default DMZ server.
WARNING:
DMZ servers pose a security risk. A computer designated as the
default DMZ server loses much of the protection of the firewall and
is exposed to exploits from the Internet. If compromised, the DMZ
server computer can be used to attack other computers on your
network.
The router usually detects and discards incoming traffic from the Internet that is not a
response to one of your local computers or a service that you have configured in the Port
Forwarding/Port Triggering page. Instead of discarding this traffic, you can have the router
forward the traffic to one computer on your network. This computer is called the default DMZ
server.

To set up a default DMZ server:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > WAN Setup.
5. Select the Default DMZ Server check box.
6. Type the IP address.
7. Click the Apply button.
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Your change takes effect.
Change the Router’s Device Name
The router’s device name is R7000. This device name displays in file manager when you
browse your network.

To change the router’s device name:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup.
5. In the Device Name field, type a new name.
6. Click the Apply button.
Your change is saved.
Change the LAN TCP/IP Settings
The router is preconfigured to use private IP addresses on the LAN side and to act as a
DHCP server. The router’s default LAN IP configuration is as follows:
•
LAN IP address. 192.168.1.1
•
Subnet mask. 255.255.255.0
These addresses are part of the designated private address range for use in private networks
and are suitable for most applications. If your network requires a different IP addressing
scheme, you can change these settings
You might want to change these settings if you need a specific IP subnet that one or more
devices on the network uses, or if you have competing subnets with the same IP scheme.

To change the LAN TCP/IP settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
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3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup.
5. In the IP Address field, type the IP address.
6. In the IP Subnet Mask, type the subnet mask of the router.
The IP address and subnet mask identifies which addresses are local to a specific device
and which must be reached through a gateway or router.
7. Change the RIP settings.
Router Information Protocol (RIP) allows a router to exchange routing information with
other routers.
a. In the RIP Direction list, select one of the following:
- Both. The router broadcasts its routing table periodically and incorporates
information that it receives.
-
Out Only. The router broadcasts its routing table periodically.
-
In Only. The router incorporates the RIP information that it receives.
b. In the RIP Version list, select one of the following:
- Disabled. This is the default setting.
-
RIP-1. This format is universally supported. It is adequate for most networks,
unless you have an unusual network setup.
-
RIP-2. This format carries more information. Both RIP-2B and RIP-2M send the
routing data in RIP-2 format. RIP-2B uses subnet broadcasting. RIP-2M uses
multicasting.
8. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
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If you changed the LAN IP address of the router, you are disconnected when this change
takes effect.
9. To reconnect, close your browser, relaunch it, and log in to the router
Specify the IP Addresses that the Router Assigns
By default, the router acts as a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server. The
router assigns IP, DNS server, and default gateway addresses to all computers connected to
the LAN. The assigned default gateway address is the LAN address of the router.
These addresses must be part of the same IP address subnet as the router’s LAN IP
address. Using the default addressing scheme, define a range between 192.168.1.2 and
192.168.1.254, although you can save part of the range for devices with fixed addresses.

To specify the pool of IP addresses that the router assigns:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup.
5. Make sure that the Use Router as DHCP Server check box is selected.
6. Specify the range of IP addresses that the router assigns:
a. In the Starting IP Address field, type the lowest number in the range.
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This IP address must be in the same subnet as the router.
b. In the Ending IP Address field, type the number at the end of the range of IP
addresses.
This IP address must be in the same subnet as the router.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
The router delivers the following parameters to any LAN device that requests DHCP:
•
An IP address from the range that you have defined
•
Subnet mask
•
Gateway IP address (the router’s LAN IP address)
•
DNS server IP address (the router’s LAN IP address)
Disable the DHCP Server Feature in the Router
By default, the router acts as a DHCP server. The router assigns IP, DNS server, and default
gateway addresses to all computers connected to the LAN. The assigned default gateway
address is the LAN address of the router.
You can use another device on your network as the DHCP server, or specify the network
settings of all your computers.

To disable the DHCP server feature in the router:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup.
5. Clear the Use Router as DHCP Server check box.
6. Click the Apply button.
7. (Optional) If this service is disabled and no other DHCP server is on your network, set your
computer IP addresses manually so that they can access the router.
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Reserve LAN IP Addresses
When you specify a reserved IP address for a computer on the LAN, that computer always
receives the same IP address each time it accesses the router’s DHCP server. Assign
reserved IP addresses to computers or servers that require permanent IP settings.

To reserve an IP address:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup.
5. In the Address Reservation section of the page, click the Add button.
6. In the IP Address field, type the IP address to assign to the computer or server.
Choose an IP address from the router’s LAN subnet, such as 192.168.1.x.
7. Type the MAC address of the computer or server.
Tip: If the computer is already on your network, you can copy its MAC
address from the Attached Devices page and paste it here.
8. Click the Apply button.
The reserved address is entered into the table.
The reserved address is not assigned until the next time the computer contacts the router’s
DHCP server. Reboot the computer, or access its IP configuration and force a DHCP release
and renew.

To edit a reserved address entry:
1. Select the radio button next to the reserved address.
2. Click the Edit button.
3. Change the settings.
4. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.

To delete a reserved address entry:
1. Select the radio button next to the reserved address.
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2. Click the Delete button.
The address is removed.
Use the WPS Wizard for WiFi Connections
The WPS Wizard helps you add a wireless computer or device to your WiFi network without
typing the WiFi password.

To use the WPS Wizard:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > WPS Wizard.
5. Click the Next button.
6. Select the radio button for the setup method that you want to use:.
• Push button. Click the WPS button on this page.
•
PIN Number. The page adjusts. Enter the client security PIN, and click the Next
button.
7. Within two minutes, go to the client device and use its WPS software to connect to the WiFi
network.
The WPS process automatically sets up your wireless computer with the network
password when it connects. The router WPS page displays a confirmation message.
Specify Basic WiFi Settings
The router comes with preset security. This means that the WiFi network name (SSID),
network key (password), and security option (encryption protocol) are preset in the factory.
You can find the preset SSID and password on the router label.
Note: The preset SSID and password are uniquely generated for every
device to protect and maximize your wireless security.
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NETGEAR recommends that you do not change your preset security settings. If you change
your preset security settings, make a note of the new settings and store it in a safe place
where you can easily find it.
If you use a wireless computer to change the wireless network name (SSID) or other wireless
security settings, you are disconnected when you click the Apply button. To avoid this
problem, use a computer with a wired connection to access the router.

To specify basic wireless settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select Wireless.
5. In the Region list, select your region. In some locations, you cannot change this setting.
6. To control the SSID broadcast, select or clear the Enable SSID Broadcast check box.
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When this check box is selected, the router broadcasts its network name (SSID) so that it
displays when you scan for local WiFi networks on your computer or wireless device.
7. To change the network name (SSID), type a new name in the Name (SSID) field.
The name can be up to 32 characters long and it is case-sensitive. The default SSID is
randomly generated and is on the router’s label. If you change the name, make sure to
write down the new name and keep it in a safe place.
8. To change the wireless channel, select a number in the Channel list.
In some regions, not all channels are available. Do not change the channel unless you
experience interference (shown by lost connections or slow data transfers). If this
happens, experiment with different channels to see which is the best.
When you use multiple access points, it is better if adjacent access points use different
channels to reduce interference. The recommended channel spacing between adjacent
access points is four channels (for example, use Channels 1 and 5, or 6 and 10).
9. To change the mode, select it from the Mode list.
For 2.4 GHz, Up to 600 Mbps is the default setting. The other settings are Up to 289
Mbps and Up to 54 Mbps.
At 5 GHz, Up to 1300 Mbps is the default setting, which allows 802.11ac and 802.11a
wireless devices to join the network. The other settings are Up to 600 Mbps and Up to
289 Mbps.
10. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
If you connected wirelessly to the network and you changed the SSID, you are
disconnected from the network.
11. Make sure that you can connect wirelessly to the network with its new settings.
If you cannot connect wirelessly, check the following:
•
Is your computer or wireless device connected to another wireless network in your
area? Some wireless devices automatically connect to the first open network without
wireless security that they discover.
•
Is your computer or wireless device trying to connect to your network with its old
settings (before you changed the settings)? If so, update the wireless network
selection in your computer or wireless device to match the current settings for your
network.
Change the WiFi Password or Security Level
Your router comes with preset WPA2 or WPA security. The password that you enter to
connect to your network is unique to your router and is on the router label. NETGEAR
recommends that you use the preset security, but you can change them. NETGEAR
recommends that you do not disable security.
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
To change the WPA settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select Wireless.
5. Under Security Options, select a radio button for one of the following WPA options:
• WPA-PSK [TKIP]
•
WPA2-PSK [AES]
•
WPA-PSK [TKIP} + WPA2-PSK [AES]
•
WPA/WPA2 Enterprise
The WPA2 options use the newest standard for the strongest security, but some older
computers and wireless devices cannot use WPA2. By default, the WPA-PSK [TKIP] +
WPA2-PSK [AES] radio button is selected so that new or old computers and wireless
devices can connect to the WiFi network by using either WPA2 or WPA security.
The Password (Network Key) field displays.
6. In the Password (Network Key) field, enter the network key (password) that you want to
use.
It is a text string from 8 to 63 characters.
7. Write down the new password and keep it in a secure place for future reference.
8. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Set Up a Guest Network
A guest network allows visitors at your home to use the Internet without using your wireless
security key. You can add a guest network to each wireless network: 2.4 GHz b/g/n and
5.0 GHz a/n.

To set up a guest network:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
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A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select Guest Network.
5. Select any of the following wireless settings:
• Enable Guest Network. When this check box is selected, the guest network is
enabled, and guests can connect to your network using the SSID of this profile.
•
Enable SSID Broadcast. If this check box is selected, the wireless access point
broadcasts its name (SSID) to all wireless stations. Stations with no SSID can adopt
the correct SSID for connections to this access point.
•
Allow guest to see each other and access my local network. If this check box is
selected, anyone who connects to this SSID has access to your local network, not
just Internet access.
6. Give the guest network a name.
The guest network name is case-sensitive and can be up to 32 characters. You then
manually configure the wireless devices in your network to use the guest network name
in addition to the main SSID.
7. Select a radio button for a security option.
The WPA2 options use the newest standard for the strongest security, but some older
computers and wireless devices cannot use it. NETGEAR recommends that you select
the WPA-PSK [TKIP] + WPA2-PSK [AES] radio button. This setting protects your WiFi
network and lets computers and wireless devices can connect to the WiFi network by
using either WPA2 or WPA security.
8. Click the Apply button.
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Your settings are saved.
How the Router Manages Wireless Clients
A wireless client is any computer or wireless device that connects to the router’s WiFi
network. The router uses Airtime fairness and implicit Beamforming to manage its wireless
clients. These features are enabled by default, but you can disable them.
Airtime Fairness
Airtime fairness ensures that all clients receive equal time on the network. Network resources
are divided by time, so if you have five clients, they each get one-fifth of the network time.
The advantage of this feature is that your slowest clients don’t control network
responsiveness. This feature is enabled by default, but you can disable it.

To disable Airtime fairness:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings.
5. Scroll down below the WPS Settings section of the page and clear the Enable AIRTIME
FAIRNESS check box.
6. Click the Apply button.
Implicit Beamforming
Implicit Beamforming contrasts with explicit Beamforming, which means that your router
actively tracks clients and directs power to the router antenna closes to the client. This works
whether or not the client supports Beamforming. Implicit Beamforming means that the router
can use information from client devices that support Beamforming to improve the WiFi signal.
This feature is enabled by default, but you can disable it.

To disable implicit Beamforming:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
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A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings.
5. Scroll down below the WPS Settings section of the page and clear the Enable Implicit
BEAMFORMING check box.
6. Click the Apply button.
Control the Wireless Radios
The router has internal wireless radios that broadcast signals in the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz
range. By default, they are on so that you can connect wirelessly to the router. When the
wireless radios are off, you can still use an Ethernet cable for a LAN connection to the router.
You can turn the wireless radios on and off with the WiFi On/Off button on the router, or you
can log in to the router and enable or disable the wireless radios. If you are close to the
router, it might be easier to press its WiFi On/Off button. If you are away from the router or
have already logged in it might be easier to enable or disable them.You can also turn the
WiFi radios off and on based on a schedule. (See Set Up a Wireless Schedule on page 132).
Use the WiFi On/Off Button

To turn the wireless radios off and on with the WiFi On/Off button:
Press the WiFi On/Off button on the top of the router for two seconds.
If you turned off the wireless radios, the WiFi On/Off LED and the WPS LED turn off. If
you turned on the wireless radios, the WiFi On/Off LED and the WPS LED light.
Enable or Disable the Wireless Radios
If you used the WiFi On/Off button to turn off the wireless radios, you can’t log in to the router
to turn them back on. You must press the WiFi On/Off button again for two seconds to turn
the wireless radios back on.

To enable or disable the wireless radios:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
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The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings.
5. Select or clear the Enable Wireless Radio check boxes in the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz
sections of the page.
Clearing this check box turns off the WiFi feature of the router.
6. Click the Apply button.
If you turned off both wireless radios, the WiFi On/Off LED and the WPS LED turn off. If
you turned on the wireless radios, the WiFi On/Off LED and the WPS LED light.
Set Up a Wireless Schedule
You can use this feature to turn off the wireless signal from your router at times when you do
not need a wireless connection. For example, you might turn it off for the weekend if you
leave town.

To set up the wireless schedule:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
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The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings.
The Advanced Wireless Settings page displays.
5. Click the Add a new period button.
6. Use the lists, radio buttons, and check boxes to set up a period during which you want to
turn off the wireless signal.
7. Click the Apply button.
The Advanced Wireless Settings page displays.
8. Select the Turn off wireless signal by schedule check box to activate the schedule.
9. Click the Apply button.
Specify WPS Settings
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) lets you join the WiFi network without typing the WiFi
password.

To specify WPS Settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
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4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings.
The Router’s PIN field displays the PIN that you use on a registrar (for example, from the
Network Explorer on a Vista Windows computer) to configure the router’s wireless
settings through WPS.
5. (Optional) Select or clear the Disable Router’s PIN check box.
The PIN function might temporarily be disabled when the router detects suspicious
attempts to break into the router’s wireless settings by using the router’s PIN through
WPS. You can manually enable the PIN function by clearing the Disable Router’s PIN
check box.
6. (Optional) Select or clear the Keep Existing Wireless Settings check box.
By default, the Keep Existing Wireless Settings check box is selected. NETGEAR
recommends that you leave this check box selected.
If you clear this check box, the next time a new wireless client uses WPS to connect to
the router, the router wireless settings change to an automatically generated random
SSID and security key.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Set Up the Router with an Existing Router or Gateway
If you own an existing router or gateway from your Internet service provider (ISP), you can
connect your new router to your existing router or gateway and set up the router in one of the
following modes: router mode or access point (AP) mode.
Router mode let you configures your new NETGEAR router as a normal WiFi router behind
your gateway and creates a separate WiFi network behind your gateway. To take full
advantage of this router's advanced functions, NETGEAR recommends that you use router
mode. In router mode, the only device that can be connected to your existing gateway is your
new NETGEAR router. You must connect all of your devices to the new NETGEAR router. If
your existing gateway has a WiFi function, disable it.
If you want to use the new router to get better WiFi performance beyond what you have with
your existing gateway, access point mode is the easiest way to do that. NETGEAR
recommends that you disable the WiFi function on your existing gateway, if it has WiFi
functionality. With this mode, you can connect wired devices to the gateway and connect
wired and WiFi devices to your new NETGEAR router.
If you already set up the Internet connection for your router and you are sure that you want to
set up the router as an access point, see Use the Router as a Wireless Access Point on
page 135.
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
To set up the router with your existing router or gateway:
1. Use an Ethernet cable to connect the Internet port of this router to a LAN port on your
existing router or gateway.
Cable this port to a LAN port
on another router
2. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the network.
The first time that you are setting up the Internet connection for your router, the browser
goes to http://www.routerlogin.net, and the NETGEAR installation assistant displays.
If you do not see the NETGEAR installation assistant, enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
When prompted, enter admin for the user name and password for the password.
If this is not the first time that you are setting up the Internet connection for your router,
run the Setup Wizard again. For more information, see Use the Internet Setup Wizard on
page 22.
3. Select the Help Me Choose radio button or Let Me Choose radio button:
• Help Me Choose. If you select the Help Me Choose radio button, NETGEAR
installation assistant asks you a few questions to determine if you should set the
router in router mode or access point mode. NETGEAR recommends that you select
the Help Me Choose radio button.
•
Let Me Choose. If you select the Let Me Choose radio, you must select the Router
Mode radio button or the Access Point Mode radio button. You can change the
mode by running the Setup Wizard again. For more information, see Use the Internet
Setup Wizard on page 22.
4. Follow the onscreen instructions to set up your router in router mode or access point mode.
Use the Router as a Wireless Access Point
You can set up the router to run as an access point (AP) on the same local network as
another router or gateway.
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
To set up the router as an AP after you set up your Internet:
1. Use an Ethernet cable to connect the Internet port of this router to a LAN port on your
existing router or gateway.
Cable this port to a LAN port
on another router
2. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the network.
3. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
4. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
5. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless AP.
6. Select the Enable AP Mode check box.
7. Scroll down and select the radio button for the IP address setting that you want to use:
• Get dynamically from existing router. The other router on the network assigns an
IP address to this router while this router is in AP mode.
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•
Enable fixed IP settings on this device (not recommended). Use this setting if you
want to manually assign a specific IP address to this router while it is in AP mode.
Using this option effectively requires advanced network experience.
Note: To avoid interference with other routers or gateways in your network,
NETGEAR recommends that you use different wireless settings on
each router. You can also turn off the wireless radio on the other router
or gateway and use the R7000 only for wireless client access.
8. Click the Apply button.
The IP address of the router changes, and you are disconnected.
9. To reconnect, close and restart your browser and enter http://wwwrouterlogin.net.
Set Up the Router in Bridge Mode
You can use your router in bridge mode to connect multiple devices wirelessly at the faster
802.11ac speed. You need two routers: one set up as a router and the other set up as a
bridge.
Smart WiFi Router in bridge mode
Smart WiFi Router
Figure 9. Router in bridge mode with an 802.11ac WiFi connection
Installing your R7000 as a bridge offers the following benefits:
•
Take advantage of gigabit WiFi speeds on current devices.
•
Use Gigabit WiFi for applications like video and gaming.
•
Connect multiple devices like NAS, Smart TV, NeoTV, Blu-ray player, and game consoles
at gigabit WiFi speeds using a WiFi link.
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•
Avoid the need for separate WiFi adapters for each device.
For example, you can install the first router in a room like a home office that has your Internet
connection, then set up the second router in bridge mode. Place the router in bridge mode in
a different room that has your home entertainment center. Cable the router in bridge mode to
your Smart TV, DVR, game console or Blu-ray player, and use its 802.11ac WiFi connection
to the first router.

To set up bridge mode:
1. Make a note of the WiFi settings of the other router to which this router will connect.
You need to know the SSID, WiFi security mode, wireless password, and operating
frequency (either 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz).
2. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the network.
3. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
4. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
5. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings.
6. Scroll down and select the Use other operation mode check box and the Enable Bridge
mode radio button.
The page adjusts.
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7. Click the setup bridge mode wireless settings button.
8. Specify the settings of the other router to which this router will connect.
a. Select the wireless network frequency (2.4 GHz or 5 GHz).
For 802.11ac mode, select 5 GHz.
b. In the Name (SSID) field, enter the wireless network name (SSID).
c. In the Security Option section, select a radio button.
d. If prompted, type the passphrase (the WiFi password that you use to connect
wirelessly to the other router).
9. Click the Apply button.
The settings for the other router are saved and the Advanced Wireless Settings page
displays.
10. Click the Apply button on the Advanced Wireless Settings page.
Your changes take effect.
Set Up a Wireless Distribution System
The router can act as router a wireless base station or a wireless repeater in a wireless
distribution system (WDS). A WDS expands a wireless network through multiple access
points. A wireless base station connects to the Internet, can have wired and wireless clients,
and sends its wireless signal to an access point that functions as a wireless repeater. A
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wireless repeater can also have wired and wireless clients, but connects to the Internet
through the wireless base station. The following figure shows a wireless repeating scenario.
Base station
access point
Repeater
access point
Figure 10. Wireless repeating scenario
Note: To use the wireless repeating function, your router cannot have
security enabled and cannot use the auto channel feature.
You must set up a wireless base station and a wireless repeater:
•
Wireless base station. The router acts as the parent access point that bridges traffic to
and from the child repeater access point. The base station also handles wireless and
wired local computers. To configure this mode, you must know the MAC addresses of the
child repeater access point. Often, the MAC address is on the product label.
•
Wireless repeater. The router sends all traffic from its local wireless or wired computers
to a remote access point. To configure this mode, you must know the MAC address of the
remote parent access point.
The router is always in dual-band concurrent mode, unless you turn off one radio. If you
enable the wireless repeater in either radio band, the wireless base station or wireless
repeater cannot be enabled in the other radio band. However, if you enable the wireless base
station in either radio band and use the other radio band as a wireless router or wireless base
station, dual-band concurrent mode is not affected.
Before you an set up a wireless network with WDS, both access points must meet the
following conditions:
•
Use the same SSID, wireless channel, and encryption mode.
•
Be on the same LAN IP subnet. That is, all of the access point LAN IP addresses are in
the same network.
•
All LAN devices (wired and wireless computers) are configured to operate in the same
LAN network address range as the access points.
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Set Up the Base Station
The wireless repeating function works only in hub and spoke mode. The units cannot be
daisy-chained. You must know the wireless settings for both units. You must know the MAC
address of the remote unit. First, set up the base station, then set up the repeater.

To set up the base station:
1. Set up both units with the same wireless settings.
The SSID and mode must be the same and the wireless security option must be set to
None.
2. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the network.
3. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
4. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
5. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Repeating Function.
6. Select the Enable Wireless Repeating Function check box.
7. Select the Wireless Base Station radio button.
8. To prevent wireless clients from associating with the base station and allow LAN client
associations only, select the Disable Wireless Client Association check box.
You can leave the check box cleared if you prefer wireless clients to be able to associate
with the base stations.
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9. In the Repeater MAC Address 1 through 4 fields, enter the MAC addresses for the access
points that should function as repeaters.
If your router is the base station, it can function as the “parent” for up to four other access
points.
10. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
Set Up a Repeater
Use a wired Ethernet connection to set up the repeater unit to avoid conflicts with the
wireless connection to the base station.
If you are using the router as the base station with a non-NETGEAR router as the repeater,
you might need to change more configuration settings. In particular, disable the DHCP server
function on the access point that is the repeater.

To configure a NETGEAR router as a repeater:
1. Launch an Internet browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the
network of the router to be the repeater.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select Wireless and verify that the wireless settings match the base unit exactly.
The wireless security option must be set to None.
5. Select ADVANCED > Wireless Repeating Function.
6. Select the Enable Wireless Repeating Function check box.
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7. Select the Wireless Repeater radio button.
8. In the Repeater IP Address field, type the IP address of the repeater router.
This IP address must be in the same subnet as the base station, but different from the
LAN IP address of the base station.
9. To prevent wireless clients from associating with the repeater and allowing LAN client
associations only, select the Disable Wireless Client Association check box.
You can leave the check box cleared if you prefer wireless clients to be able to associate
with the repeater.
10. In the Base Station MAC Address field, enter the MAC addresses for the access point that
will be the base station.
11. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
12. Verify connectivity across the LANs.
A computer on any wireless or wired LAN segment of the router can connect to the
Internet or share files and printers with any other computer or server connected to the
other access point.
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11.
Manage Your Network
11
This chapter describes the router settings for administering and maintaining your router and
home network.
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
Update the Router Firmware
•
Change the admin Password
•
Recover the admin Password
•
View Router Status
•
View Logs of Router Activity
•
Monitor Internet Traffic
•
Create Custom Static Routes
•
View Devices Currently on the Network
•
Manage the Router Configuration File
•
Remote Management
•
Remotely Access Your Router Using the genie App
•
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Update the Router Firmware
The router firmware is stored in flash memory.
You can check to see if new firmware is available and update the router to the new
firmware.You can also visit the NETGEAR support website, download the firmware manually,
and update the router to the new firmware.
Check for New Firmware and Update the Router
For you to check for new firmware, the router must be connected to the Internet.

To check for new firmware and update your router:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Router Update.
The Router Update page displays.
5. Click the Check button.
The router finds new firmware information if any is available and displays a message
asking if you want to download and install it.
6. Click the Yes button.
The router locates and downloads the firmware and begins the update.
WARNING:
To avoid the risk of corrupting the firmware, do not interrupt the
upgrade. For example, do not close the browser, click a link, or load
a new page. Do not turn off the router.
A progress bar might show the progress of the firmware upload process. The firmware
upload process takes several minutes. When the upload is complete, your router restarts.
7. Verify that the router is running the new firmware version:
a. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
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b. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
c. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.The firmware version is stated in the top right, under
the Logout button.
8. Read the new firmware release notes to determine whether you must reconfigure the router
after updating.
Manually Upload New Firmware and Update the Router
Downloading firmware and updating the router are two separate tasks that are combined in
the following procedure.

To download new firmware manually and update your router:
1. Visit downloadcenter.netgear.com, locate the support page for your product, and
download the new firmware.
2. Read the new firmware release notes to determine whether you must reconfigure the router
after updating.
3. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the network.
4. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
5. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
6. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Router Update.
The Router Update page displays.
7. Locate and select the firmware file on your computer:
a. Click the Browse (or Choose File) button.
b. Navigate to the firmware file.
The file ends in .chk.
c. Select the firmware file.
8. Click the Upload button.
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WARNING:
To avoid the risk of corrupting the firmware, do not interrupt the
upload. For example, do not close the browser, click a link, or load a
new page. Do not turn off the router. Wait until the router finishes
restarting and the Power LED turns solid white.
A progress bar might show the progress of the firmware upload process. The firmware
upload process takes several minutes. When the upload is complete, your router restarts.
9. Verify that the router is running the new firmware version:
a. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
b. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
c. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.The firmware version is stated in the top right, under the
Logout button.
Change the admin Password
This feature let you change the default password that is used to log in to the router with the
user name admin. This password is not the one that you use for WiFi access. The label on
your router shows your unique wireless network name (SSID) and password for wireless
access.

To set the password for the user name admin:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Set Password.
The Set Password page displays.
5. Type the old password, and type the new password twice.
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6. To be able to recover the password, select the Enable Password Recovery check box.
NETGEAR recommends that you enable password recovery.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your changes take effect.
Recover the admin Password
NETGEAR recommends that you enable password recovery if you change the password for
the router user name admin. Then you can recover the password if it is forgotten. This
recovery process is supported in Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Chrome browsers, but not in
the Safari browser.

To set up password recovery:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Set Password.
5. Select the Enable Password Recovery check box.
6. Select two security questions and provide answers to them.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.

To recover your password:
1. In the address field of your browser, enter www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
2. Click Cancel.
If password recovery is enabled, you are prompted to answer two security questions.
3. Enter the saved answers to the security questions.
4. Enter the serial number of your router.
The serial number is on the router’s label.
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View Router Status

To view router status and usage information:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Click the ADVANCED tab.
Display Internet Port Statistics

To display Internet port statistics:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
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The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
4. The BASIC Home page displays
5. Click the ADVANCED tab.
6. In the Internet Port pane, click the Show Statistics button.
The following information displays:
•
System Up Time. The time elapsed since the router was last restarted.
•
Port. The statistics for the WAN (Internet) and LAN (Ethernet) ports. For each port,
the page displays:
-
Status. The link status of the port.
-
TxPkts. The number of packets transmitted on this port since reset or manual
clear.
-
RxPkts. The number of packets received on this port since reset or manual clear.
-
Collisions. The number of collisions on this port since reset or manual clear.
-
Tx B/s. The current transmission (outbound) bandwidth used on the WAN and
LAN ports.
-
Rx B/s. The current reception (inbound) bandwidth used on the WAN and LAN
ports.
-
Up Time. The time elapsed since this port acquired the link.
-
Poll Interval. The interval at which the statistics are updated in this page.
7. To change the polling frequency, enter a time in seconds in the Poll Interval field and click
the Set Interval button.
8. To stop the polling entirely, click the Stop button.
Check the Internet Connection Status

To check the Internet connection status:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
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A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Click the ADVANCED tab.
5. In the Internet Port pane, click the Connection Status button.
The following information displays:
•
IP Address. The IP address that is assigned to the router.
•
Subnet Mask. The subnet mask that is assigned to the router.
•
Default Gateway. The IP address for the default gateway that the router
communicates with.
•
DHCP Server. The IP address for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server
that provides the TCP/IP configuration for all the computers that are connected to the
router.
•
DNS Server. The IP address of the Domain Name Service server that provides
translation of network names to IP addresses.
•
Lease Obtained. The date and time when the lease was obtained.
•
Lease Expires. The date and time that the lease expires.
6. To return the status of all items to 0, click the Release button.
7. To refresh the page, click the Renew button.
8. To exit the page, click the Close Window button.
View Logs of Router Activity
The log is a detailed record of the websites you have accessed or attempted to access and
other router actions. Up to 256 entries are stored in the log. Log entries display only when
keyword blocking is enabled and no log entries are made for the trusted user.
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
To view logs:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Logs.
The log page shows the following information:
•
Date and time. The date and time the log entry was recorded.
•
Source IP. The IP address of the initiating device for this log entry.
•
Target address. The name or IP address of the website or news group visited or to
which access was attempted.
•
Action. The action that occurred, such as whether Internet access was blocked or
allowed.
5. To refresh the log page, click the Refresh button.
6. To clear the log entries, click the Clear Log button.
7. To email the log immediately, click the Send Log button.
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Monitor Internet Traffic
Traffic metering allows you to monitor the volume of Internet traffic that passes through the
router Internet port. You can set limits for traffic volume.

To monitor Internet traffic:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Traffic Meter.
Scroll to view
more settings
5. Select the Enable Traffic Meter check box.
6. (Optional) Control the volume of Internet traffic.
You can use either the traffic volume control feature or the connection time control
feature:
•
•
Select the Traffic volume control by radio button and then select one of the
following options:
-
No Limit. No restriction is applied when the traffic limit is reached.
-
Download only. The restriction is applied to incoming traffic only.
-
Both Directions. The restriction is applied to both incoming and outgoing traffic.
Select the Connection time control radio button and enter the allowed hours in the
Monthly limit field.
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7. (Optional) If your ISP charges for extra data volume when you make a new connection,
enter the extra data volume in MB in the Round up data volume for each connection by field.
8. In the Traffic Counter section, set the traffic counter to begin at a specific time and date.
If you want the traffic counter to start immediately, click the Restart Counter Now button.
9. In the Traffic Control section, specify whether the router should issue a warning message
before the monthly limit of Mbytes or hours is reached.
By default, the value is 0 and no warning message is issued. You can select one of the
following to occur when the limit is attained:
•
The Internet LED blinks white or amber.
•
The Internet connection is disconnected and disabled.
10. Click the Apply button.
The Internet Traffic Statistics section helps you to monitor the data traffic.
11. To update the Traffic Statistics section, click the Refresh button.
12. To display more information about the data traffic on your router and to change the poll
interval, click the Traffic Status button.
Create Custom Static Routes
Static routes provide more routing information to your router. Typically, you do not need to
add static routes unless you have multiple routers or multiple IP subnets on your network.
As an example of when a static route is needed, consider the following case:
•
Your main Internet access is through a cable modem to an ISP.
•
You have an ISDN router on your home network for connecting to the company where
you are employed. This router’s address on your LAN is 192.168.1.100.
•
Your company’s network address is 134.177.0.0.
When you set up your router, two implicit static routes were created. A default route was
created with your ISP as the gateway, and a second static route was created to your local
network for all 192.168.1.x addresses. With this configuration, if you try to access a device on
the 134.177.0.0 network, your router forwards your request to the ISP. The ISP forwards your
request to the company where you are employed, and the company firewall is likely to deny
the request.
In this case you must define a static route, telling your router that 134.177.0.0 should be
accessed through the ISDN router at 192.168.1.100. Here is an example:
•
The Destination IP Address and IP Subnet Mask fields specify that this static route
applies to all 134.177.x.x addresses.
•
The Gateway IP Address field specifies that all traffic for these addresses should be
forwarded to the ISDN router at 192.168.1.100.
•
A metric value of 1 works because the ISDN router is on the LAN.
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•

Private is selected only as a precautionary security measure in case RIP is activated.
To set up a static route:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Static Routes.
5. Click the Add button.
6. In the Route Name field, type a name for this static route (for identification purposes only.)
7. Select the Private check box if you want to limit access to the LAN only.
If Private is selected, the static route is not reported in RIP.
8. Select the Active check box to make this route effective.
9. Type the IP address of the final destination.
10. Type the IP subnet mask for this destination. If the destination is a single host, type
255.255.255.255.
11. Type the gateway IP address, which must be on the same LAN segment as the router.
12. Type a number from 1 through 15 as the metric value.
This value represents the number of routers between your network and the destination.
Usually, a setting of 2 or 3 works, but if this is a direct connection, set it to 1.
13. Click the Apply button.
The static route is added.

To edit a static route:
1. In the table, select the radio button for the route.
2. Click the Edit button.
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The Static Routes page adjusts.
3. Edit the route information.
4. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.

To delete a static route:
1. In the table, select the radio button for the route.
2. Click the Delete button.
The route is removed from the table.
View Devices Currently on the Network
You can view all computers or devices that are currently connected to your network.

To view devices on the network:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select Attached Devices.
The Wired Devices section lists devices that are connected to the router with Ethernet
cables. The Wireless Devices section lists devices that are connected to the wireless
network. The following information is displayed:
•
Status. The status of the device, Allowed or Blocked.
•
Device Name. If the device name is known, it is shown here.
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•
IP Address. The IP address that the router assigned to this device when it joined the
network. This number can change if a device is disconnected and rejoins the network.
•
MAC Address. The unique MAC address for each device does not change. The MAC
address is typically shown on the product label.
5. To update this page, click the Refresh button.
Manage the Router Configuration File
The configuration settings of the router are stored within the router in a configuration file. You
can back up (save) this file to your computer, restore it, or reset it to the factory default
settings.
Back Up Settings

To back up the router’s configuration settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Backup Settings.
5. Click the Back Up button.
6. Specify a location on your network.
A copy of the current settings is saved in the location you specified.
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Restore Configuration Settings

To restore configuration settings that you backed up:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Backup Settings.
5. Click the Browse button to find and select the cfg file.
6. Click the Restore button.
The file is uploaded to the router and the router reboots.
WARNING:
Do not interrupt the reboot process.
Erase the Current Configuration Settings
You can erase the current configuration and restore the factory default settings. You might
want to do this if you move the router to a different network. (See Factory Settings on
page 194).

To erase the configuration settings:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Administration > Backup Settings.
5. Click the Erase button.
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The factory default settings are restored. The user name is admin, the password is
password, and the LAN IP address is 192.168.1.1. DHCP is enabled.
Remote Management
The remote management feature lets you access your router over the Internet to view or
change its settings. You need to know the router’s WAN IP address to use this feature. For
information about remote access using Dynamic DNS, see Chapter 7, Manage Dynamic
DNS and Access Storage Devices Through the Internet.
Note: Be sure to change the password for the user name admin to a secure
password. The ideal password contains no dictionary words from any
language and contains uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers,
and symbols. It can be up to 30 characters. See Change the admin
Password on page 147.

To set up remote management:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Remote Management.
5. Select the Turn Remote Management On check box.
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6. In the Allow Remote Access By section, specify the external IP addresses to be allowed to
access the router’s remote management:
Note: For enhanced security, restrict access to as few external IP addresses
as practical
Select one of the following:
•
To allow access from a single IP address on the Internet, select the Only This
Computer radio button. Enter the IP address to be allowed access.
•
To allow access from a range of IP addresses on the Internet, select the IP Address
Range radio button. Enter a beginning and ending IP address to define the allowed
range.
•
To allow access from any IP address on the Internet, select the Everyone radio
button.
7. Specify the port number for accessing the web management interface.
Normal web browser access uses the standard HTTP service port 80. For greater
security, enter a custom port number for the remote web management interface. Choose
a number from 1024 to 65535, but do not use the number of any common service port.
The default is 8080, which is a common alternate for HTTP.
8. Click the Apply button.
Your changes take effect.

To use remote access:
1. Launch an Internet browser on a computer that is not on your home network.
2. Type your router’s WAN IP address into your browser’s address or location field followed by
a colon (:) and the custom port number.
For example, if your external address is 134.177.0.123 and you use port number 8080,
enter http://134.177.0.123:8080 in your browser.
Remotely Access Your Router Using the genie App
You can use the genie app to remotely access your router and change its key settings.
Before you can use remote access with the genie app, you must update your router’s
firmware and download the latest genie app for your computer or mobile device. Remote
access with the genie app is supported for Windows computers, iOS mobile devices, and
Android mobile devices.
For more information about how to update your router’s firmware, see Update the Router
Firmware on page 145. To download the latest genie app for your computer or mobile device,
visit www.NETGEAR.com/genie.
For more information about how to set up remote access using the genie app, see the genie
app user manual, which is available at http://downloadcenter.netgear.com/.
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Configure Your Router With Amazon Alexa
If you own an Alexa-enabled device, you can use Alexa with your router.
Amazon Alexa Prerequisites
You must follow these high-level steps before setting up your router with Alexa.

To use your NETGEAR router with Alexa:
1. Make sure that your router supports the remote access feature using the genie app.
To check if your device supports this feature, visit netgear.com/support and search for
your router’s data sheet.
2. Download or update your router’s firmware.
For more information, see Update the Router Firmware on page 145.
3. Download the NETGEAR genie mobile app on your mobile device.
4. Create a NETGAR account using the genie mobile app.
For more information see the genie mobile app user manual, which is available online at
downloadcenter.netgear.com/.
5. Enable remote access using the genie mobile app.
For more information see the genie mobile app user manual, which is available online at
downloadcenter.netgear.com/.
6. Register your router using the genie mobile app.
For more information see the genie mobile app user manual, which is available online at
downloadcenter.netgear.com/.
Enable Your Router to Work With Amazon Alexa
There are two ways to enable your NETGEAR router to work with Amazon Alexa. You can
use the command "Alexa, enable the NETGEAR skill," or you can manually link the
NETGEAR skill to your Alexa app.

To enable the NETGEAR skill on the Alexa app:
1. Launch the Alexa app.
2. Tap the Menu button.
3. Tap Skills.
4. Enter NETGEAR in the search field.
The NETGEAR skill displays.
5. Tap the NETGEAR skill.
6. Tap the Link Account button.
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The NETGEAR account sign in page displays.
7. Enter your NETGEAR account credentials and tap the Sign in button.
8. Tap the Accept button.
The NETGEAR skill is linked with your account.
9. Ask Alexa any of the following commands:
• Alexa, ask NETGEAR to enable the guest network.
Note that this command enables a 2.4 GHz guest network only.
•
Alexa, ask NETGEAR to enable a 2.4 GHz guest network.
•
Alexa, ask NETGEAR to enable a 5 GHz guest network.
•
Alexa, ask NETGEAR to disable the guest network.
•
Alexa, ask NETGEAR to reboot my router.
•
Alexa, ask NETGEAR to send me my WiFi settings.
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12.
Use VPN to Access Your Network
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
Set Up a VPN Connection
•
Specify VPN Service in the Router
•
Install OpenVPN Software
•
Use a VPN Tunnel on Your Windows Computer
•
Use VPN to Access the Router’s USB Drive and Media
•
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Set Up a VPN Connection
A virtual private network (VPN) lets you use the Internet to securely access your network
when you aren’t home.
Secure
remote access
Open VPN
Client
Internet
Figure 11. VPN provides a secure tunnel between your home network and a remote computer
This type of VPN access is called a client-to-gateway tunnel. The computer is the client, and
the router is the gateway. To use the VPN feature, you must log in to the router and enable
VPN, and you must install and run VPN client software on the computer.
VPN uses DDNS or a static IP address to connect with your router.
To use a DDNS service, register for an account with a host name (sometimes called a
domain name). You use the host name to access your network. The router supports these
accounts: NETGEAR www.no-ip.com, www.no-ip.com, and www.DynDNS.org.
If your Internet service provider (ISP) has assigned a static WAN IP address (such as
50.196.x.x or 10.x.x.x) that never changes to your Internet account the VPN can use that IP
address to connect to your home network.
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Specify VPN Service in the Router
You must specify the VPN service settings in the router before you can use a VPN
connection.

To specify the VPN service:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service.
The VPN Service page displays.
5. Select the Enable VPN Service check box.
By default, the VPN uses the UDP service type and uses port 12974. If you want to
customize the service type and port, NETGEAR recommends that you change these
settings before you install the OpenVPN software.
6. To change the service type, scroll down and select the TCP radio button.
7. To change the port, scroll down to the Service Port field, and type the port number that you
want to use.
8. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved. VPN is enabled in the router, but you must install and set up
OpenVPN software on your computer before you can use a VPN connection.
Install OpenVPN Software
You must install this software on each Windows computer, Mac computer, iOS device, or
Android device that you plan to use for VPN connections to your router.
Install OpenVPN Software on Your Windows Computer

To install VPN client software on your Windows computer:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
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3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service.
The VPN Service page displays.
5. Make sure that the Enable VPN Service check box is selected.
6. Specify any VPN service settings on the page.
For more information, see Specify VPN Service in the Router on page 165.
7. Click the For Windows button to download the OpenVPN configuration files.
8. Visit http://openvpn.net/index.php/download/community-downloads.html to download the
OpenVPN client utility.
9. In the Windows Installer section of the page, double-click the
openVPN-install-xxx.exe link.
10. Download and install the openVPN-install-xxx.exe file.
11. Click the Next button.
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12. Read the License Agreement and click the I Agree button.
13. Leave the check boxes selected as shown, and click the Next button.
14. To specify the destination folder, click the Browse button and select a destination folder.
15. Click the Install button.
The page displays the progress of the installation and then displays the final installation
page.
16. Click the Finish button.
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17. Unzip the configuration files that you downloaded and copy them to the folder where the
VPN client is installed on your computer.
For a client device with Windows 64-bit system, the VPN client is installed at
C:\Program files\OpenVPN\config\ by default.
18. For a client device with Windows, modify the VPN interface name to NETGEAR-VPN:
a. In Windows, select Control Panel > Network and Internet > Network Connections.
b. In the local area connection list, find the local area connection with the device name
TAP-Windows Adapter.
c. Select the local area connection and change its name (not its device name) to
NETGEAR-VPN.
If you do not change the VPN interface name, the VPN tunnel connection will fail.
For more information about using OpenVPN on your Windows computer, visit
https://openvpn.net/index.php/open-source/documentation/howto.html#quick.
Install OpenVPN Software on Your Mac Computer

To install VPN client software on your Mac computer:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service.
The VPN Service page displays.
5. Make sure that the Enable VPN Service check box is selected.
6. Specify any VPN service settings on the page.
For more information, see Specify VPN Service in the Router on page 165.
7. Click the For non-Windows button to download the OpenVPN configuration files.
8. Visit https://code.google.com/p/tunnelblick/ to download the OpenVPN client utility for Mac
OS X.
9. Download and install the file.
10. Unzip the configuration files that you downloaded and copy them to the folder where the
VPN client is installed on your computer.
The client utility must be installed by a user with administrative privileges.
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For more information about using OpenVPN on your Mac computer, visit
https://openvpn.net/index.php/access-server/docs/admin-guides/183-how-to-connect-toaccess-server-from-a-mac.html.
Install OpenVPN Software on an iOS Device

To install VPN client software on your iOS device:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service.
The VPN Service page displays.
5. Make sure that the Enable VPN Service check box is selected.
6. Specify any VPN service settings on the page.
For more information, see Specify VPN Service in the Router on page 165.
7. Click the For Smart Phone button to download the OpenVPN configuration files.
8. On your iOS device, download and install the OpenVPN Connect app from the Apple App
Store.
9. On your computer, unzip the configuration files that you downloaded and send the files to
your iOS device.
10. Open the files on your iOS device.
Note that when you open the .ovpn file, a list of apps displays. Select the OpenVPN
Connect app to open the .ovpn file.
For more information about using OpenVPN on your iOS device, visit
http://www.vpngate.net/en/howto_openvpn.aspx#ios.
Install OpenVPN Software on an Android Device

To install VPN client software on your Android device:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
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The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service.
The VPN Service page displays.
5. Make sure that the Enable VPN Service check box is selected.
6. Specify any VPN service settings on the page.
For more information, see Specify VPN Service in the Router on page 165.
7. Click the For Smart Phone button to download the OpenVPN configuration files.
8. On your Android device, download and install the OpenVPN Connect app from the Google
Play Store.
9. On your computer, unzip the configuration files that you downloaded and send the files to
your Android device.
10. Open the files on your Android device.
11. Open the .ovpn file using the OpenVPN Connect app.
For more information about using OpenVPN on your Android device, visit
http://www.vpngate.net/en/howto_openvpn.aspx#android.
Use a VPN Tunnel on Your Windows Computer
After you set up the router to use VPN and install the OpenVPN application on your Windows
computer, you can open a VPN tunnel from your computer to your router over the Internet.
For the VPN tunnel to work, the local LAN IP address of the remote R7000 must have a
different LAN IP scheme than the local LAN where your VPN client computer is connected. If
both networks use the same LAN IP scheme, when the VPN tunnel is established, you
cannot access your home router or your home network with the OpenVPN software.
The default LAN IP address scheme for the R7000 is 192.x.x.x. The most common IP
schemes are 192.x.x.x, 172.x.x.x, and 10.x.x.x. If you experience a conflict, change the IP
scheme either for your home network or for the network with the client VPN computer. For
information about changing these settings, see Change the LAN TCP/IP Settings on
page 120.
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
To open a VPN tunnel on your WIndows computer:
1. Launch the OpenVPN application with administrator privileges.
The OpenVPN icon displays in the Windows taskbar.
Tip: You can create a shortcut to the VPN program, then in the settings for
the shortcut and select the run as administrator check box. Then
every time your launch this shortcut, OpenVPN automatically runs
with administrator privileges.
2. Right-click the OpenVPN icon.
A menu displays:
3. Select Connect.
The VPN connection is established. You can do the following:
•
Launch an Internet browser and log in to your router.
•
Use Windows File Manager to access the router’s USB drive and download files.
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Use VPN to Access the Router’s USB Drive and Media

To access the router’s USB drive and download files from your Windows computer:
1. In Windows File Manager, select the Network folder.
The network resources display. The ReadySHARE icon is in the computers section and
the remote R7000 icon is in the Media Devices section (if DLNA is enabled in the router).
2. If the icons do not display, click the Refresh button to update the page.
If the local LAN and the remote LAN are using the same IP scheme, the remote R7000
icon does not display in the Media Devices and Network Infrastructure sections.
3. To access the router’s USB drive, click the ReadySHARE icon.
4. To access media on the router’s network, click the R7000 icon.
Use VPN to Access Your Internet Service at Home
When you’re away from home and you access the Internet, you usually use a local Internet
service provider. For example, at a coffee shop you might be given a code that lets you use
the coffee shop’s Internet service account to surf the web.
Nighthawk lets you use a VPN connection to access your own Internet service when you’re
away from home. You might want to do this if you travel to a geographic location that doesn’t
support all the Internet services that you use at home. For example, your Netflix account
might work at home, but not in a different country.
Set Up VPN Client Internet Access in the Router
By default, the router is set up to allow VPN connections only to your home network. but you
can change the setting to allow Internet access. Accessing the Internet remotely through a
VPN might be slower than accessing the Internet directly.

To allow VPN clients to use your home Internet service:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.
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2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service.
The VPN Service page displays.
5. Select the Enable VPN Service check box.
6. Scroll down to the Clients will use this VPN connection to access section, and select the All
sites on the Internet & Home Network radio button.
When you access the Internet with the VPN connection, instead of using a local Internet
service, you use the Internet service from your home network.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
8. Click For Windows or For Non Windows button and download the configuration files for
your VPN clients.
9. Unzip the configuration files and copy them to the folder where the VPN client is installed on
your device.
For a client device with Windows 64-bit system, the VPN client is installed at
C:\Program files\OpenVPN\config\ by default.
Block VPN Client Internet Access in the Router
By default, the router is set up this way. It allows VPN connections only to your home
network, not to the Internet service for your home network. If you changed this setting to
allow Internet access, you can change it back.

To allow VPN clients to access only your home network:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service.
The VPN Service page displays.
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5. Select the Enable VPN Service check box.
6. Scroll down to the Clients will use this VPN connection to access section, and select the
Home Network only radio button.
This is the default setting. The VPN connection is only to your home network, not to the
Internet service for your home network.
7. Click the Apply button.
Your settings are saved.
8. Click For Windows or For Non Windows button and download the configuration files for
your VPN clients.
9. Unzip the configuration files and copy them to the folder where the VPN client is installed on
your device.
For a client device with Windows 64-bit system, the VPN client is installed at
C:\Program files\OpenVPN\config\ by default.
Use a VPN Tunnel to Access Your Internet Service at Home

To access your Internet service:
1. Set up the router to allow VPN access to your Internet service.
See Set Up VPN Client Internet Access in the Router on page 172
2. On your computer, launch the OpenVPN application.
The OpenVPN icon displays in the Windows taskbar.
3. Right-click the icon, and select Select Connect.
4. When the VPN connection is established, launch your Internet browser.
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13.
Specify Internet Port Settings
13
You can use port forwarding and port triggering to set up rules for Internet traffic. You need
networking knowledge to set up these features.
This chapter includes the following sections:
•
Set Up Port Forwarding to a Local Server
•
Set Up Port Triggering
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Set Up Port Forwarding to a Local Server
If you have a server in your home network, you can allow certain types of incoming traffic to
reach the server. For example, you might want to make a local web server, FTP server, or
game server visible and available to the Internet.
The router can forward incoming traffic with specific protocols to computers on your local
network. You can specify the servers for applications and you can also specify a default DMZ
server to which the router forwards all other incoming protocols.

To forward specific incoming protocols:
1. Decide which type of service, application, or game you want to provide.
2. Find the local IP address of the computer on your network that will provide the service.
The server computer must always have the same IP address. To specify this setting, use
the reserved IP address feature. See Reserve LAN IP Addresses on page 124.
3. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the network.
4. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
5. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
6. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering.
7. Leave the Port Forwarding radio button selected as the service type.
8. In the Service Name list, select the service name.
If the service that you want to add is not in the list, create a custom service. See Add a
Custom Port Forwarding Service on page 177.
9. In the Server IP Address field, enter the IP address of the computer that will provide the
service.
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10. Click the Add button.
The service displays in the list.
Add a Custom Port Forwarding Service

To add a custom service:
1. Find out which port number or range of numbers the application uses.
You can usually find this information by contacting the publisher of the application or user
groups or news groups.
2. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the network.
3. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
4. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
5. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering.
6. Leave the Port Forwarding radio button selected as the service type.
7. Click the Add Custom Service button.
8. In the Service Name field, enter a descriptive name.
9. In the Service Type field, select the protocol. If you are unsure, select TCP/UDP.
10. In the External Starting Port field, enter the beginning port number.
If the application uses a single port, enter the same port number in the Ending Port field.
If the application uses a range of ports, enter the ending port number of the range in the
External Ending Port field.
11. Specify the internal ports by one of these methods:
• Leave the Use the same port range for Internal port check box selected.
•
Type the port numbers in the Internal Starting Port and Internal Ending Port fields.
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12. Type the IP address in the Internal IP address field or select the radio button for an
attached device listed in the table.
13. Click the Apply button.
The service is now in the list on the Port Forwarding/Port Triggering page.
Edit a Port Forwarding Service

To edit a port forwarding entry:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering.
5. Leave the Port Forwarding radio button selected as the service type
6. In the table, select the radio button next to the service name.
7. Click the Edit Service button.
The Ports - Custom Services page displays.
8. Specify changes to any of the following settings:
• Service Name. Type the service name.
•
Service Type. If you are unsure, select TCP/UDP.
•
External Starting Port: If the application uses a single port, enter the same port
number in the External Ending Port field. If the application uses a range of ports,
enter the ending port number of the range in the External Ending Port field.
•
For the internal ports, leave the Use the same port range for Internal port check
box selected.
•
Internal IP address. Type the IP address in the Internal IP address field, or select the
radio button for an attached device listed in the table.
9. Click the Apply button.
Your changes are saved.
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Delete a Port Forwarding Entry

To delete a port forwarding entry:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering.
5. Select the Port Forwarding radio button as the service type
6. In the table, select the radio button next to the service name.
7. Click the Delete Service button.
Application Example: Make a Local Web Server Public
If you host a web server on your local network, you can use port forwarding to allow web
requests from anyone on the Internet to reach your web server.

To make a local web server public:
1. Assign your web server either a fixed IP address or a dynamic IP address using DHCP
address reservation.
In this example, your router always gives your web server an IP address of 192.168.1.33.
2. In the Port Forwarding/Port Triggering page, configure the router to forward the HTTP
service to the local address of your web server at 192.168.1.33.
HTTP (port 80) is the standard protocol for web servers.
3. (Optional) Register a host name with a Dynamic DNS service, and specify that name in the
Dynamic DNS page of the router.
Dynamic DNS makes it much easier to access a server from the Internet because you
can type the name in the Internet browser. Otherwise, you must know the IP address that
the ISP assigned, which typically changes.
How the Router Implements the Port Forwarding Rule
The following sequence shows the effects of a port forwarding rule:
1. When you type the URL www.example.com in your browser, the browser sends a web
page request message with the following destination information:
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•
Destination address. The IP address of www.example.com, which is the address of
your router.
•
Destination port number. 80, which is the standard port number for a web server
process.
2. Your router receives the message and finds your port forwarding rule for incoming port 80
traffic.
3. The router changes the destination in the message to IP address 192.168.1.123 and sends
the message to that computer.
4. Your web server at IP address 192.168.1.123 receives the request and sends a reply
message to your router.
5. Your router performs Network Address Translation (NAT) on the source IP address, and
sends the reply through the Internet to the computer or wireless device that sent the web
page request.
Set Up Port Triggering
Port triggering is a dynamic extension of port forwarding that is useful in these cases:
•
An application must use port forwarding to more than one local computer (but not
simultaneously).
•
An application must open incoming ports that are different from the outgoing port.
With port triggering, the router monitors traffic to the Internet from an outbound “trigger” port
that you specify. For outbound traffic from that port, the router saves the IP address of the
computer that sent the traffic. The router temporarily opens the incoming port or ports that
you specify in your rule, and forwards that incoming traffic to that destination.
Port forwarding creates a static mapping of a port number or range of ports to a single local
computer. Port triggering can dynamically open ports to any computer when needed and
close the ports when they are no longer needed.
Note: If you use applications such as multiplayer gaming, peer-to-peer
connections, real-time communications such as instant messaging, or
remote assistance (a feature in Windows XP), enable Universal Plug
and Play (UPnP). See Improve Network Connections With Universal
Plug and Play on page 54.
Add a Port Triggering Service

To add a port triggering service:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
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A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering.
5. Select the Port Triggering radio button.
6. Click the Add Service button.
7. In the Service Name field, type a descriptive service name.
8. In the Service User list, select Any, or select Single address and enter the IP address of
one computer:
• Any (the default) allows any computer on the Internet to use this service.
•
Single address restricts the service to a particular computer.
9. Select the service type, either TCP or UDP or TCP/UDP (both).
If you are not sure, select TCP/UDP.
10. In the Triggering Port field, enter the number of the outbound traffic port that will open the
inbound ports.
11. Enter the inbound connection port information in the Connection Type, Starting Port, and
Ending Port fields.
12. Click the Apply button.
The service is now in the Portmap table. You must enable port triggering before the
router used port triggering for the service that you added. See the following section.
Enable Port Triggering

To enable port triggering:
1. Launch a web browser from a computer or mobile device that is connected to the
network.
2. Enter http://www.routerlogin.net.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
A login window opens.
3. Enter the router user name and password.
The user name is admin. The default password is password. The user name and
password are case-sensitive.
The BASIC Home page displays.
4. Select ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering.
5. Select the Port Triggering radio button.
6. Clear the Disable Port Triggering check box.
If this check box is selected, the router does not use port triggering even if you have
specified port triggering settings.
7. In the Port Triggering Timeout field, enter a value up to 9999 minutes.
This value controls how long the inbound ports stay open when the router detects no
activity. This value is required because the router cannot detect when the application
terminates.
Application Example: Port Triggering for Internet Relay Chat
Some application servers, such as FTP and IRC servers, send replies to multiple port
numbers. Using port triggering, you can tell the router to open more incoming ports when a
particular outgoing port starts a session.
An example is Internet Relay Chat (IRC). Your computer connects to an IRC server at
destination port 6667. The IRC server not only responds to your originating source port, but
also sends an “identify” message to your computer on port 113. Using port triggering, you can
tell the router, “When you initiate a session with destination port 6667, you must also allow
incoming traffic on port 113 to reach the originating computer.” The following sequence shows
the effects of the port triggering rule you have defined:
1. You open an IRC client program to start a chat session on your computer.
2. Your IRC client composes a request message to an IRC server using a destination port
number of 6667, the standard port number for an IRC server process. Your computer then
sends this request message to your router.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
3. Your router creates an entry in its internal session table describing this communication
session between your computer and the IRC server. Your router stores the original
information, performs Network Address Translation (NAT) on the source address and port,
and sends this request message through the Internet to the IRC server.
4. Noting your port triggering rule and observing the destination port number of 6667, your
router creates another session entry to send any incoming port 113 traffic to your computer.
5. The IRC server sends a return message to your router using the NAT-assigned source port
(for example, port 33333) as the destination port. The IRC server also sends an “identify”
message to your router with destination port 113.
6. When your router receives the incoming message to destination port 33333, it checks its
session table to see if a session is active for port number 33333. Finding an active session,
the router restores the original address information replaced by NAT and sends this reply
message to your computer.
7. When your router receives the incoming message to destination port 113, it checks its
session table and finds an active session for port 113 associated with your computer. The
router replaces the message’s destination IP address with your computer’s IP address and
forwards the message to your computer.
8. When you finish your chat session, your router eventually senses a period of inactivity in the
communications. The router then removes the session information from its session table,
and incoming traffic is no longer accepted on port numbers 33333 or 113.
Specify Internet Port Settings
183
14.
14
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides information to help you diagnose and solve problems you might have with
your router. If you do not find the solution here, check the NETGEAR support site at
http://support.netgear.com for product and contact information.
This chapter contains the following sections:
•
Quick Tips
•
Troubleshoot with the LEDs
•
Cannot Log In to the Router
•
Cannot Access the Internet
•
Changes Not Saved
•
Wireless Connectivity
•
Troubleshoot Your Network Using the Ping Utility
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Quick Tips
This section describes tips for troubleshooting some common problems.
Sequence to Restart Your Network
When you need to restart your network, follow this sequence:
1. Turn off and unplug the modem.
2. Turn off the router.
3. Plug in the modem and turn it on. Wait two minutes.
4. Turn on the router and wait two minutes.
Check Ethernet Cable Connections
If your device does not power on, make sure that the Ethernet cables are securely plugged
in:
The Internet LED on the router is on if the Ethernet cable connecting the router and the
modem is plugged in securely and the modem and router are turned on.
If one or more powered-on computers are connected to the router by an Ethernet cable, the
corresponding numbered router LAN port LED lights.
Wireless Settings
Make sure that the wireless settings in the computer and router match exactly. The wireless
network name (SSID) and wireless security settings of the router and wireless computer must
match exactly.
If you set up an access list in the Advanced Wireless Settings page, you must add each
wireless computer’s MAC address to the router’s access list.
Network Settings
Make sure that the network settings of the computer are correct. Wired and wirelessly
connected computers must use network (IP) addresses on the same network as the router.
The simplest way to do this is to configure each computer to obtain an IP address
automatically using DHCP.
Some cable modem service providers require you to use the MAC address of the computer
initially registered on the account. You can view the MAC address in the Attached Devices
page.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Troubleshoot with the LEDs
By default, the router is set with standard LED settings. If you disabled blinking for the LEDs
or turned off all LEDs except the Power LED, you must return the LEDs to their standard
settings for troubleshooting. For information about controlling the LED settings, see Disable
LED Blinking or Turn off LEDs on page 117.
Standard LED Behavior When the Router is Powered On
After you turn on power to the router, the following sequence of events occurs:
1. When power is first applied, verify that the Power LED
is lit.
2. After approximately 30 seconds, verify the following:
• The Power LED is solid white.
•
The Internet LED is lit.
•
The WiFi LED is lit unless you turned off the wireless radio.
You can use the LEDs on the front panel of the router for troubleshooting.
Power LED Is Off or Blinking
•
Make sure that the power adapter is securely connected to your router and securely
connected to a working power outlet.
•
Check that you are using the power adapter that NETGEAR supplied for this product.
•
If the Power LED blinks slowly and continuously, the router firmware is corrupted. This
can happen if a firmware upgrade is interrupted, or if the router detects a problem with the
firmware. If the error persists, you have a hardware problem. For recovery instructions, or
help with a hardware problem, contact technical support at www.netgear.com/support.
Power LED Stays Amber
When the router is turned on, the Power LED turns amber for about 20 seconds and then
turns white. If the LED does not turn white, the router has a problem.
If the Power LED is still amber one minute after you turn on power to the router, do the
following:
1. Turn off the power and then turn it back on to see if the router recovers.
2. Press and hold the Reset button to return the router to its factory settings.
See Troubleshoot Your Network Using the Ping Utility on page 191.
If the error persists, you might have a hardware problem. Contact technical support at
www.netgear.com/support.
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LEDs Never Turn Off
When the router is turned on, the LEDs light for about 10 seconds and then turn off. If all the
LEDs stay on, this indicates a fault within the router.
If all LEDs are still lit one minute after power-up, do the following:
•
Cycle the power to see if the router recovers.
•
Press and hold the Reset button to return the router to its factory settings. For more
information, see Troubleshoot Your Network Using the Ping Utility on page 191.
If the error persists, you might have a hardware problem. Contact technical support at
www.netgear.com/support.
Internet or Ethernet Port LEDs Are Off
If either the Ethernet port LEDs or the Internet LED does not light when the Ethernet
connection is made, check the following:
•
Make sure that the Ethernet cable connections are secure at the router and at the modem
or computer.
•
Make sure that power is turned on to the connected modem or computer.
•
Be sure that you are using the correct cable.
When connecting the router’s Internet port to a cable or DSL modem, use the cable that
was supplied with the cable or DSL modem. This cable can be a standard
straight-through Ethernet cable or an Ethernet crossover cable.
WiFi LED Is Off
If the WiFi LED stays off, check to see if the WiFi On/Off button on the router has been
pressed. This button turns the wireless radios in the router on and off. The WiFi LED is lit
when the wireless radio is turned on.
Cannot Log In to the Router
If you are unable to log in to the router from a computer on your local network, check the
following:
•
If you are using an Ethernet-connected computer, check the Ethernet connection
between the computer and the router.
•
Make sure that the IP address of your computer is on the same subnet as the router. If
you are using the recommended addressing scheme, your computer’s address is in the
range of 192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.254.
•
If your computer’s IP address is shown as 169.254.x.x, recent versions of Windows and
Mac OS generate and assign an IP address if the computer cannot reach a DHCP server.
These autogenerated addresses are in the range of 169.254.x.x. If your IP address is in
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
this range, check the connection from the computer to the router, and reboot your
computer.
•
If your router’s IP address was changed and you do not know the current IP address,
clear the router’s configuration to factory defaults. This sets the router’s IP address to
192.168.1.1. For more information, see Factory Settings on page 194.
•
Make sure that your browser has Java, JavaScript, or ActiveX enabled. If you are using
Internet Explorer, click the Refresh button to be sure that the Java applet is loaded.
•
Try quitting the browser and launching it again.
•
Make sure that you are using the correct login information. The user name is admin, and
the default password is password. Make sure that Caps Lock is off when you enter this
information.
•
If you are attempting to set up your NETGEAR behind an existing router in your network,
use bridge mode or set up the router as an access point.
•
If you are attempting to set up your NETGEAR router as a replacement for an ADSL
gateway in your network, the router cannot perform many gateway services. For
example, the router cannot convert ADSL or cable data into Ethernet networking
information. NETGEAR does not support such a configuration.
Cannot Access the Internet
If you can access your router but not the Internet, check to see if the router can obtain an IP
address from your Internet service provider (ISP). Unless your ISP provides a fixed IP
address, your router requests an IP address from the ISP. You can determine whether the
request was successful using the Router Status page.

To check the WAN IP address:
1. Start your browser, and select an external site such as www.netgear.com.
2. Access the router interface at www.routerlogin.net.
3. Select Administration > Router Status.
4. Check that an IP address is shown for the Internet port. If 0.0.0.0 is shown, your router has
not obtained an IP address from your ISP.
If your router cannot obtain an IP address from the ISP, you might need to force your cable or
DSL modem to recognize your new router by restarting your network. For more information,
see Sequence to Restart Your Network on page 185.
If your router is still unable to obtain an IP address from the ISP, the problem might be one of
the following:
•
Your Internet service provider (ISP) might require a login program.
Ask your ISP whether they require PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) or some other type of
login.
•
If your ISP requires a login, the login name and password might be set incorrectly.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
•
Your ISP might check for your computer’s host name.
Assign the computer host name of your ISP account as the account name in the Internet
Setup page.
•
Your ISP allows only one Ethernet MAC address to connect to Internet and might check
for your computer’s MAC address. In this case, do one of the following:
-
Inform your ISP that you have bought a new network device, and ask them to use the
router’s MAC address.
-
Configure your router to clone your computer’s MAC address.
If your router has an IP address, but your computer is does not load any web pages from the
Internet, it might be due to the following reasons:
•
Your computer might not recognize any DNS server addresses.
A DNS server is a host on the Internet that translates Internet names (such as www
addresses) to numeric IP addresses. Typically, your ISP provides the addresses of one or
two DNS servers for your use. If you entered a DNS address during the router’s
configuration, reboot your computer, and verify the DNS address. You can configure your
computer manually with DNS addresses, as explained in your operating system
documentation.
•
Your computer might not have the router configured as its TCP/IP gateway.
If your computer obtains its information from the router by DHCP, reboot the computer,
and verify the gateway address.
•
You might be running login software that is no longer needed.
If your ISP provided a program to log you in to the Internet (such as WinPoET), you no
longer need to run that software after installing your router. You might need to go to
Internet Explorer and select Tools > Internet Options, click the Connections tab, and
select Never dial a connection.
Troubleshoot PPPoE
If you are using PPPoE, try troubleshooting your Internet connection.

To troubleshoot a PPPoE connection:
1. Select Administration > Router Status.
2. Click Connection Status.
3. Check the Connection Status display to see if your PPPoE connection is up and working.
4. If you don’t have a connection, you can attempt to reconnect by clicking the Connect button.
The router continues to attempt to connect indefinitely.
5. If you cannot connect after several minutes, you might be using an incorrect service name,
user name, or password. There might also be a provisioning problem with your ISP.
Unless you connect manually, the router does not authenticate using PPPoE until data is
transmitted to the network.
Troubleshooting
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Troubleshoot Internet Browsing
If your router can obtain an IP address but your computer is unable to load any web pages
from the Internet, check the following:
•
Your computer might not recognize any DNS server addresses. A DNS server is a host
on the Internet that translates Internet names (such as www addresses) to numeric IP
addresses.
Typically, your ISP provides the addresses of one or two DNS servers for your use. If you
entered a DNS address during the router’s configuration, restart your computer.
Alternatively, you can configure your computer manually with a DNS address, as
explained in the documentation for your computer.
•
Your computer might not have the router configured as its default gateway.
Reboot the computer and verify that the router address (www.routerlogin.net) is listed by
your computer as the default gateway address.
•
You might be running login software that is no longer needed. If your ISP provided a
program to log you in to the Internet (such as WinPoET), you no longer need to run that
software after installing your router. You might need to go to Internet Explorer and select
Tools > Internet Options, click the Connections tab, and select the Never dial a
connection.
Changes Not Saved
If the router does not save the changes you make in the router interface, check the following:
•
When entering configuration settings, always click the Apply button before moving to
another page or tab, or your changes are lost.
•
Click the Refresh or Reload button in the web browser. The changes might have
occurred, but the old settings might be in the web browser’s cache.
Wireless Connectivity
If you are having trouble connecting wirelessly to the router, try to isolate the problem:
•
Does the wireless device or computer that you are using find your wireless network?
If not, check the WiFi LED on the front of the router. If it is off, you can press the WiFi
On/Off button on the router to turn the router wireless radios back on.
If you disabled the router’s SSID broadcast, then your wireless network is hidden and
does not display in your wireless client’s scanning list. (By default, SSID broadcast is
enabled.)
•
Does your wireless device support the security that you are using for your wireless
network (WPA or WPA2)?
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
•
If you want to view the wireless settings for the router, use an Ethernet cable to connect a
computer to a LAN port on the router. Then log in to the router, and select BASIC >
Wireless.
Note: Be sure to click the Apply button if you change settings.
If your wireless device finds your network, but the signal strength is weak, check these
conditions:
•
Is your router too far from your computer, or too close? Place your computer near the
router, but at least 6 feet (1.8 meters) away, and see whether the signal strength
improves.
•
Are objects between the router and your computer blocking the wireless signal?
Troubleshoot Your Network Using the Ping Utility
Most network devices and routers contain a ping utility that sends an echo request packet to
the designated device. The device then responds with an echo reply. You can easily
troubleshoot a network using the ping utility in your computer or workstation.
Test the LAN Path to Your Router
You can ping the router from your computer to verify that the LAN path to your router is set up
correctly.

To ping the router from a Windows computer:
1. From the Windows toolbar, click Start and select Run.
2. In the field provided, type ping followed by the IP address of the router, as in this example:
ping www.routerlogin.net
3. Click the OK button.
You should see a message like this one:
Pinging <IP address > with 32 bytes of data
If the path is working, you see this message:
Reply from < IP address >: bytes=32 time=NN ms TTL=xxx
If the path is not working, you see this message:
Request timed out
If the path is not functioning correctly, you might have one of the following problems:
•
Wrong physical connections
For a wired connection, make sure that the numbered LAN port LED is lit for the port to
which you are connected.
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Check that the appropriate LEDs are on for your network devices. If your router and
computer are connected to a separate Ethernet switch, make sure that the link LEDs are
lit for the switch ports that are connected to your computer and router.
•
Wrong network configuration
Verify that the Ethernet card driver software and TCP/IP software are both installed and
configured on your computer.
Verify that the IP address for your router and your computer are correct and that the
addresses are on the same subnet.
Test the Path from Your Computer to a Remote Device
After verifying that the LAN path works correctly, test the path from your computer to a remote
device.
1. From the Windows toolbar, click the Start button and select Run.
2. In the Windows Run window, type:
ping -n 10 <IP address>
where <IP address> is the IP address of a remote device such as your ISP DNS server.
If the path is functioning correctly, messages like those shown in the previous section display.
If you do not receive replies, check the following:
•
Check that your computer has the IP address of your router listed as the default gateway.
If DHCP assigns the IP configuration of your computers, this information is not visible in
your computer Network Control Panel. Verify that the IP address of the router is listed as
the default gateway.
•
Check to see that the network address of your computer (the portion of the IP address
specified by the subnet mask) is different from the network address of the remote device.
•
Check that your cable or DSL modem is connected and functioning.
•
If your ISP assigned a host name to your computer, enter that host name as the account
name in the Internet Setup page.
•
Your ISP might be rejecting the Ethernet MAC addresses of all but one of your
computers.
Many broadband ISPs restrict access by allowing traffic only from the MAC address of
your broadband modem. Some ISPs additionally restrict access to the MAC address of a
single computer connected to that modem. If so, configure your router to “clone” or
“spoof” the MAC address from the authorized computer.
Troubleshooting
192
A.
Supplemental Information
This appendix covers the following topics:
•
Factory Settings
•
Technical Specifications
193
A
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Factory Settings
You can return the router to its factory settings. Use the end of a paper clip or a similar object
to press and hold the Reset button on the back of the router for at least seven seconds. The
router resets, and returns to the factory configuration settings shown in the following table.
Table 3. Factory default settings
Feature
Router login
Internet
connection
Local network
(LAN)
Firewall
Default behavior
User login URL
www.routerlogin.com or www.routerlogin.net
User name (case-sensitive)
admin
Login password (case-sensitive)
password
WAN MAC address
Use default hardware address
WAN MTU size
1500
Port speed
AutoSensing
LAN IP
192.168.1.1
Subnet mask
255.255.255.0
DHCP server
Enabled
DHCP range
192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.254
Time zone
Pacific time
DHCP starting IP address
192.168.1.2
DHCP ending IP address
192.168.1.254
DMZ
Disabled
Time zone
GMT for WW except NA and GR, GMT+1 for GR, GMT-8
for NA
Time zone adjusted for daylight
savings time
Disabled
SNMP
Disabled
Inbound (communications coming
in from the Internet)
Disabled (except traffic on port 80, the HTTP port)
Outbound (communications going
out to the Internet)
Enabled (all)
Source MAC filtering
Disabled
Supplemental Information
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Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Table 3. Factory default settings (continued)
Feature
Wireless
Default behavior
Wireless communication
Enabled
SSID name
See router label
Security
WPA2-PSK (AES)
Broadcast SSID
Enabled
Transmission speed
Auto*
Country/region
United States in the US; otherwise varies by region
RF channel
6 until region selected
Operating mode
Up to 600 Mbps at 2.4 GHz, 1300 Mbps at 5 GHz
*. Maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE Standard 802.11 specifications. Actual throughput can vary. Network
conditions and environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, building materials and construction, and network
overhead, lower actual data throughput rate.
Supplemental Information
195
Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router
Technical Specifications
Table 4. R7000 Router specifications
Feature
Description
Data and routing protocols
TCP/IP, RIP-1, RIP-2, DHCP, PPPoE, PPTP, Bigpond, Dynamic DNS, UPnP,
and SMB
Power adapter
•
•
•
•
Dimensions
Dimensions: 280 mm x 182 mm x 49 mm (11 in. x 7.17 in. x 1.9 in.)
Weight
Weight: 430 g (0.94 lbs)
Operating temperature
0° to 40° C (32º to 104º F)
Operating humidity
90% maximum relative humidity, noncondensing
Electromagnetic emissions
FCC Part 15 Class B
VCCI Class B
EN 55 022 (CISPR 22), Class B C-Tick N10947
LAN
10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX or 1000BASE-T, RJ-45
WAN
10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX or 1000BASE-T, RJ-45
Wireless
Maximum wireless signal rate complies with the IEEE 802.11 standard. See the
footnote for the previous table.
Radio data rates
Auto Rate Sensing
Data encoding standards
IEEE 802.11ac 2.0
IEEE 802.11n version 2.0
IEEE 802.11n 256QAM IEEE 802.11g, IEEE 802.11b 2.4 GHz
IEEE 802.11n, IEEE 802.11a 5.0 GHz
Maximum computers per
wireless network
Limited by the amount of wireless network traffic generated by each node
(typically 50–70 nodes).
Operating frequency range
2.4 GHz
2.412–2.462 GHz (US)
2.412–2.472 GHz (Japan)
2.412–2.472 GHz (Europe ETSI)
5 GHz
5.18–5.24 + 5.745–5.825 GHz (US)
5.18–5.24 GHz (Europe ETSI)
802.11 security
WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK, and WPA/WPA2
North America: 120V, 60 Hz, input
UK, Australia: 240V, 50 Hz, input
Europe: 230V, 50 Hz, input
All regions (output): 12V/3.5A DC output
Supplemental Information
196
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