TL-SG2424P 24-Port Gigabit Smart PoE Switch with

TL-SG2424P
24-Port Gigabit Smart PoE Switch with 4
Combo SFP Slots
REV1.0.0
1910010792
COPYRIGHT & TRADEMARKS
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
is a registered trademark of
TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Other brands and product names are trademarks or
registered trademarks of their respective holders.
No part of the specifications may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any
derivative such as translation, transformation, or adaptation without permission from TP-LINK
TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Copyright © 2013 TP-LINK TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. All rights
reserved.
http://www.tp-link.com
I
CONTENTS
Preface
.............................................................................................................. 1
Chapter 1
Using the CLI ....................................................................................... 3
1.1 Accessing the CLI..............................................................................................................3
1.2 CLI Command Modes........................................................................................................4
1.3 Security Levels ..................................................................................................................6
1.4 Conventions ......................................................................................................................6
1.4.1
Format Conventions...........................................................................................6
1.4.2
Special Characters.............................................................................................7
1.4.3
Parameter Format ..............................................................................................7
Chapter 2
User Interface ...................................................................................... 8
enable......................................................................................................................................8
enable password .....................................................................................................................8
disable .....................................................................................................................................9
configure..................................................................................................................................9
exit.........................................................................................................................................10
end ........................................................................................................................................10
Chapter 3
IEEE 802.1Q VLAN Commands .........................................................11
vlan........................................................................................................................................ 11
interface vlan ......................................................................................................................... 11
name .....................................................................................................................................12
switchport mode ....................................................................................................................12
switchport access vlan...........................................................................................................13
switchport trunk allowed vlan.................................................................................................14
switchport general allowed vlan.............................................................................................14
switchport pvid.......................................................................................................................15
show vlan summary...............................................................................................................15
show vlan brief ......................................................................................................................16
show vlan ..............................................................................................................................16
Chapter 4
Voice VLAN Commands .................................................................... 18
voice vlan ..............................................................................................................................18
voice vlan aging time .............................................................................................................18
voice vlan priority...................................................................................................................19
voice vlan mac-address.........................................................................................................19
II
switchport voice vlan mode ...................................................................................................20
switchport voice vlan security ................................................................................................21
show voice vlan .....................................................................................................................21
show voice vlan oui ...............................................................................................................22
show voice vlan switchport ....................................................................................................22
Chapter 5
Etherchannel Commands ................................................................. 23
channel-group .......................................................................................................................23
port-channel load-balance .....................................................................................................24
lacp system-priority ...............................................................................................................24
lacp port-priority.....................................................................................................................25
show etherchannel ................................................................................................................25
show etherchannel load-balance...........................................................................................26
show lacp ..............................................................................................................................26
show lacp sys-id ....................................................................................................................27
Chapter 6
User Manage Commands.................................................................. 28
user .......................................................................................................................................28
user access-control ip-based.................................................................................................29
user access-control mac-based.............................................................................................29
user access-control port-based .............................................................................................30
user max-number ..................................................................................................................31
user idle-timeout ....................................................................................................................31
show user account-list ...........................................................................................................32
show user configuration.........................................................................................................32
Chapter 7
System Log Commands.................................................................... 34
logging buffer.........................................................................................................................34
logging file flash.....................................................................................................................35
clear logging ..........................................................................................................................35
logging host index .................................................................................................................36
show logging local-config ......................................................................................................37
show logging loghost .............................................................................................................37
show logging buffer ...............................................................................................................37
show logging flash.................................................................................................................38
Chapter 8
SSH Commands................................................................................. 39
ip ssh server ..........................................................................................................................39
ip ssh version ........................................................................................................................39
III
ip ssh timeout ........................................................................................................................40
ip ssh max-client....................................................................................................................40
ip ssh download.....................................................................................................................41
show ip ssh............................................................................................................................41
Chapter 9
SSL Commands ................................................................................. 43
ip http secure-server..............................................................................................................43
ip http secure-server download certificate .............................................................................43
ip http secure-server download key .......................................................................................44
show ip http secure-server ....................................................................................................45
Chapter 10 MAC Address Commands................................................................. 46
mac address-table static........................................................................................................46
mac address-table aging-time ...............................................................................................46
mac address-table filtering ....................................................................................................47
mac address-table max-mac-count .......................................................................................48
show mac address-table address ..........................................................................................49
show mac address-table aging-time ......................................................................................49
show mac address-table max-mac-count interface gigabitEthernet ......................................50
show mac address-table interface gigabitEthernet ................................................................50
show mac address-table mac-num........................................................................................51
show mac address-table mac................................................................................................51
show mac address-table vlan ................................................................................................52
Chapter 11 System Configuration Commands................................................... 53
system-time manual ..............................................................................................................53
system-time ntp .....................................................................................................................53
system-time dst predefined ...................................................................................................55
system-time dst date .............................................................................................................55
system-time dst recurring ......................................................................................................56
hostname...............................................................................................................................57
location ..................................................................................................................................58
contact-info............................................................................................................................58
reset ......................................................................................................................................59
reboot ....................................................................................................................................59
copy running-config startup-config ........................................................................................59
copy startup-config tftp ..........................................................................................................60
copy tftp startup-config ..........................................................................................................60
firmware upgrade ..................................................................................................................61
IV
ping .......................................................................................................................................61
tracert ....................................................................................................................................62
loopback interface .................................................................................................................63
show system-time..................................................................................................................63
show system-time dst ............................................................................................................64
show system-time ntp............................................................................................................64
show system-info...................................................................................................................65
show cable-diagnostics interface...........................................................................................65
Chapter 12 Ethernet Configuration Commands ................................................. 66
interface gigabitEthernet........................................................................................................66
interface range gigabitEthernet .............................................................................................66
description .............................................................................................................................67
shutdown ...............................................................................................................................67
flow-control ............................................................................................................................68
duplex....................................................................................................................................68
speed.....................................................................................................................................69
storm-control broadcast.........................................................................................................70
storm-control multicast ..........................................................................................................70
storm-control unicast .............................................................................................................71
bandwidth ..............................................................................................................................72
clear counters........................................................................................................................72
show interface status.............................................................................................................73
show interface counters.........................................................................................................73
show interface description .....................................................................................................74
show interface flowcontrol .....................................................................................................74
show interface configuration..................................................................................................75
show storm-control ................................................................................................................75
show bandwidth.....................................................................................................................76
Chapter 13 QoS Commands................................................................................. 77
qos ........................................................................................................................................77
qos dscp ................................................................................................................................77
qos queue cos-map ...............................................................................................................78
qos queue dscp-map .............................................................................................................79
qos queue mode....................................................................................................................80
show qos interface ................................................................................................................81
show qos cos-map ................................................................................................................81
V
show qos dscp-map ..............................................................................................................82
show qos queue mode ..........................................................................................................82
show qos status.....................................................................................................................83
Chapter 14 Port Mirror Commands ..................................................................... 84
monitor session destination interface ....................................................................................84
monitor session source interface...........................................................................................85
show monitor session ............................................................................................................86
Chapter 15 Port Isolation Commands ................................................................. 87
port isolation ..........................................................................................................................87
show port isolation interface ..................................................................................................87
Chapter 16 Loopback Detection Commands...................................................... 89
loopback-detection (global) ...................................................................................................89
loopback-detection interval....................................................................................................89
loopback-detection recovery-time..........................................................................................90
loopback-detection (interface) ...............................................................................................90
loopback-detection config......................................................................................................91
loopback-detection recover ...................................................................................................91
show loopback-detection global ............................................................................................92
show loopback-detection interface ........................................................................................92
Chapter 17 DHCP Flitering Commands............................................................... 94
ip dhcp filtering ......................................................................................................................94
ip dhcp filtering trust ..............................................................................................................94
show ip dhcp filtering .............................................................................................................95
show ip dhcp filtering interface ..............................................................................................95
Chapter 18 PoE Commands ................................................................................. 96
power inline consumption (global) .........................................................................................96
power profile..........................................................................................................................96
power time-range ..................................................................................................................97
power holiday ........................................................................................................................98
absolute.................................................................................................................................99
periodic..................................................................................................................................99
holiday .................................................................................................................................100
power inline consumption (interface) ...................................................................................101
power inline priority .............................................................................................................101
VI
power inline supply ..............................................................................................................102
power inline profile ..............................................................................................................102
power inline time-range .......................................................................................................103
show power inline................................................................................................................103
show power inline configuration interface............................................................................104
show power inline information interface...............................................................................104
show power profile ..............................................................................................................105
show power holiday .............................................................................................................105
show power time-range .......................................................................................................105
Chapter 19 MSTP Commands .............................................................................107
spanning-tree (global)..........................................................................................................107
spanning-tree (interface) .....................................................................................................107
spanning-tree common-config .............................................................................................108
spanning-tree mode.............................................................................................................109
spanning-tree mst configuration ..........................................................................................109
instantce .............................................................................................................................. 110
name ................................................................................................................................... 111
revision ................................................................................................................................ 111
spanning-tree mst instance ................................................................................................. 112
spanning-tree mst................................................................................................................ 112
spanning-tree priority........................................................................................................... 113
spanning-tree tc-defend....................................................................................................... 114
spanning-tree timer.............................................................................................................. 114
spanning-tree hold-count..................................................................................................... 115
spanning-tree max-hops...................................................................................................... 116
spanning-tree bpdufilter....................................................................................................... 116
spanning-tree bpduguard .................................................................................................... 117
spanning-tree guard loop..................................................................................................... 117
spanning-tree guard root ..................................................................................................... 118
spanning-tree guard tc......................................................................................................... 118
spanning-tree mcheck ......................................................................................................... 119
show spanning-tree active................................................................................................... 119
show spanning-tree bridge ..................................................................................................120
show spanning-tree interface ..............................................................................................120
show spanning-tree interface-security .................................................................................121
show spanning-tree mst ......................................................................................................122
VII
Chapter 20 IGMP Commands..............................................................................123
ip igmp snooping (global) ....................................................................................................123
ip igmp snooping (interface) ................................................................................................123
ip igmp snooping immediate-leave ......................................................................................124
ip igmp snooping drop-unknown..........................................................................................124
ip igmp snooping vlan-config ...............................................................................................125
ip igmp snooping multi-vlan-config ......................................................................................126
ip igmp snooping filter add-id...............................................................................................127
ip igmp snooping filter (global).............................................................................................128
ip igmp snooping filter (interface) ........................................................................................128
ip igmp snooping filter maxgroup.........................................................................................129
ip igmp snooping filter mode................................................................................................129
show ip igmp snooping ........................................................................................................130
show ip igmp snooping interface .........................................................................................130
show ip igmp snooping vlan ................................................................................................131
show ip igmp snooping multi-vlan........................................................................................132
show ip igmp snooping groups ............................................................................................132
show ip igmp snooping filter ................................................................................................133
Chapter 21 SNMP Commands.............................................................................134
snmp-server ........................................................................................................................134
snmp-server view ................................................................................................................134
snmp-server group ..............................................................................................................135
snmp-server user ................................................................................................................136
snmp-server community ......................................................................................................138
snmp-server host.................................................................................................................138
snmp-server engineID .........................................................................................................140
rmon history.........................................................................................................................140
rmon event ..........................................................................................................................141
rmon alarm ..........................................................................................................................142
show snmp-server ...............................................................................................................144
show snmp-server view .......................................................................................................144
show snmp-server group .....................................................................................................144
show snmp-server user .......................................................................................................145
show snmp-server community.............................................................................................145
show snmp-server host .......................................................................................................146
show snmp-server engineID................................................................................................146
VIII
show rmon history ...............................................................................................................146
show rmon event .................................................................................................................147
show rmon alarm.................................................................................................................147
Chapter 22 LLDP Commands..............................................................................149
lldp.......................................................................................................................................149
lldp hold-multiplier................................................................................................................149
lldp timer..............................................................................................................................150
lldp med-fast-count ..............................................................................................................151
lldp receive ..........................................................................................................................151
lldp transmit .........................................................................................................................152
lldp snmp-trap......................................................................................................................152
lldp tlv-select........................................................................................................................153
lldp med-location .................................................................................................................154
lldp med-status ....................................................................................................................154
lldp med-tlv-select................................................................................................................155
show lldp .............................................................................................................................156
show lldp interface...............................................................................................................156
show lldp local-information interface....................................................................................157
show lldp neighbor-information interface .............................................................................157
show lldp traffic interface .....................................................................................................158
IX
Preface
This Guide is intended for network administrator to provide referenced information about CLI
(Command Line Interface). The device mentioned in this Guide stands for TL-SG2424P 24-Port
Gigabit Smart PoE Switch with 4 Combo SFP Slots.
Overview of this Guide
Chapter 1: Using the CLI
Provide information about how to use the CLI, CLI Command Modes, Security Levels and some
Conventions.
Chapter 2: User Interface
Provide information about the commands used to switch between five CLI Command Modes.
Chapter 3: IEEE 802.1Q VLAN Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring IEEE 802.1Q VLAN.
Chapter 4: Voice VLAN Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring Voice VLAN.
Chapter 5: Etherchannel Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring LAG (Link Aggregation Group) and
LACP (Link Aggregation Control Protocol).
Chapter 6: User Manage Commands
Provide information about the commands used for user management.
Chapter 7: System Log Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring system log.
Chapter 8: SSH Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring and managing SSH (Security
Shell).
Chapter 9: SSL Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring and managing SSL (Secure
Sockets Layer).
Chapter 10: MAC Address Commands
Provide information about the commands used for Address configuration.
Chapter 11: System Configuration Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring the System information and System
IP, reboot and reset the switch, upgrade the switch system and commands used for device
1
diagnose, including loopback test and cable test.
Chapter 12: Ethernet Configuration Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring the Bandwidth Control, Negotiation
Mode, and Storm Control for enthernet ports.
Chapter 13: QoS Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring the QoS function.
Chapter 14: Port Mirror Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring the Port Mirror function.
Chapter 15: Port Isolation Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring Port Isolation function.
Chapter 16: Loopback Detection Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring the Loopback Detection function.
Chapter 17: DHCP Filtering Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring the DHCP Filtering function.
Chapter 18: PoE Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring PoE function.
Chapter 19: MSTP Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring the MSTP (Multiple Spanning Tree
Protocol).
Chapter 20: IGMP Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring the IGMP Snooping (Internet Group
Management Protocol Snooping).
Chapter 21: SNMP Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring the SNMP (Simple Network
Management Protocol) functions.
Chapter 22: LLDP Commands
Provide information about the commands used for configuring LLDP function.
2
Chapter 1
Using the CLI
1.1 Accessing the CLI
You can log on to the switch and access the CLI by logging on to the switch remotely by a Telnet
through an Ethernet port. To log on to the switch by a Telnet connection, please take the following
steps:
1.
Make sure the switch and the PC are in the same LAN.
2.
Click Start → Run to open the Run window.
Figure 1-1 Open the Run window
3.
Type “cmd” in the prompt Run window as Figure 1-2 and click OK button.
Figure 1-2 Run Window
3
4.
Type “telnet 192.168.0.1” in the command prompt shown as Figure 1-3, and press the Enter
button.
Figure 1-3 Connecting to the Switch
5.
Type the User name and Password (the factory default value for both of them is admin) and
press the Enter button, then you can use the CLI now, which is shown as Figure1-4.
Figure 1-4 Log in the Switch
1.2 CLI Command Modes
The CLI is divided into different command modes: User EXEC Mode, Privileged EXEC Mode,
Global Configuration Mode, Interface Configuration Mode and VLAN Configuration Mode.
Interface Configuration Mode can also be divided into Interface gigabitEthernet, Interface
link-aggregation and some other modes, which is shown as the following diagram.
The following table gives detailed information about the Accessing path, Prompt of each mode and
how to exit the current mode and access the next mode.
4
Mode
Accessing Path
User EXEC
Mode
Primary mode once it
is connected with the
switch.
Privileged
EXEC Mode
Use
the
enable
command to enter
this mode from User
EXEC mode.
Global
Configuration
Mode
Use the configure
command to enter
this
mode
from
Privileged
EXEC
mode.
Logout or Access the next
mode
Prompt
TL-SG2424P>
TL-SG2424P#
Use the exit command
disconnect the switch.
to
Use the enable command to
access Privileged EXEC mode.
Enter the disable or the exit
command to return to User EXEC
mode.
Enter configure command to
access Global Configuration
mode.
Use the exit or the end command
or press Ctrl+Z to return to
Privileged EXEC mode.
TL-SG2424P(config)#
Use
the
interface
gigabitEthernet port or interface
range gigabitEthernet port-list
command to access interface
Configuration mode.
Use the vlan vlan-list to access
VLAN Configuration mode.
Interface
Configuration
Mode
VLAN
Configuration
Mode
Use the interface
gigabitEthernet port
or interface range
gigabitEthernet
port-list command to
enter this mode from
Global Configuration
mode.
Use the vlan vlan-list
command to enter
this
mode
from
Global Configuration
mode.
TL-SG2424P(config-if)#
or
TL-SG2424P(config-if-range)#
Use the end command or press
Ctrl+Z to return to Privileged
EXEC mode.
Enter the exit or the # command
to return to Global Configuration
mode.
A port number must be specified
in the interface command.
TL-SG2424P(config-vlan)#
Use the end command or press
Ctrl+Z to return to Privileged
EXEC mode.
Enter the exit or the # command
to return to Global configuration
mode.
Note:
1. The user is automatically in User EXEC Mode after the connection between the PC and
the switch is established by a telnet connection.
2. Each command mode has its own set of specific commands. To configure some
commands, you should access the corresponding command mode firstly.

Global Configuration Mode: In this mode, global commands are provided, such as
the Spanning Tree, Schedule Mode and so on.

Interface Configuration Mode: In this mode, users can configure one or several
ports, different ports corresponds to different commands
5
a). Interface gigabitEthernet: Configure parameters for an Ethernet port, such as
Duplex-mode, flow control status.
b). Interface range gigabitEthernet: The commands contained are the same as that
of the Interface Ethernet. Configure parameters for several Ethernet ports.
c). Interface link-aggregation: Configure parameters for a link-aggregation, such as
broadcast storm.
d). Interface range link-aggregation: Configure parameters for multi-trunks.
e). Interface vlan: Configure parameters for the vlan-port.

Vlan Configuration Mode: In this mode, users can create a VLAN and add a
specified port to the VLAN.
3. Some commands are global, that means they can be performed in all modes:

show: Displays all information of switch, for example: statistic information, port
information, VLAN information.

history: Displays the commands history.
1.3 Security Levels
This switch’s security is divided into two levels: User level and Admin level.
User level only allows users to do some simple operations in User EXEC Mode; Admin level
allows you to monitor, configure and manage the switch in Privileged EXEC Mode, Global
Configuration Mode, Interface Configuration Mode and VLAN Configuration Mode.
Users get the privilege to the User level once logging in by Telnet. However, Guest users are
restricted to access the CLI.
Users can enter Privileged EXEC mode from User EXEC mode by using the enable command.
1.4 Conventions
1.4.1 Format Conventions
The following conventions are used in this Guide:

Items in square brackets [ ] are optional

Items in braces { } are required

Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. For example: speed
{10 | 100 | 1000 }
6

Bold indicates an unalterable keyword. For example: show logging

Normal Font indicates a constant (several options are enumerated and only one can be
selected). For example: switchport type { access | trunk | general }

Italic Font indicates a variable (an actual value must be assigned). For example: bridge
aging-time aging-time
1.4.2 Special Characters
You should pay attentions to the description below if the variable is a character string:

These six characters ” < > , \ & can not be input.

If a blank is contained in a character string, single or double quotation marks should be used,
for example ’hello world’, ”hello world”, and the words in the quotation marks will be identified
as a string. Otherwise, the words will be identified as several strings.
1.4.3 Parameter Format
Some parameters must be entered in special formats which are shown as follows:

MAC Address must be entered in the format of xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx

One or several values can be typed for a port-list or a vlan-list using comma to separate. Use
a hyphen to designate a range of values, for instance 1, 3-5,7 indicates choosing 1,3,4,5,7.

The port number should format as 1/0/3, meaning unit/slot/port. The unit number is always 1,
and slot number is always 0 and the port number is a variable (an actual value must be
assigned).
7
Chapter 2
User Interface
enable
Description
The enable command is used to access Privileged EXEC Mode from User
EXEC Mode.
Syntax
enable
Command Mode
User EXEC Mode
Example
If you have set the password to access Privileged EXEC Mode from User EXEC
Mode:
TL-SG2424P> enable
Enter password:
TL-SG2424P#
enable password
Description
The enable password command is used to set the password for users to
access Privileged EXEC Mode from User EXEC Mode. To return to the default
configuration, please use no enable password command.
Syntax
enable password password
no enable password
Parameter
password —— super password, which contains 16 characters at most,
composing digits, English letters and underdashes only. By default, no
password is set.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
8
Example
Set the super password as “admin” to access Privileged EXEC Mode from User
EXEC Mode:
TL-SG2424P(config)# enable password admin
disable
Description
The disable command is used to return to User EXEC Mode from Privileged
EXEC Mode.
Syntax
disable
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode
Example
Return to User EXEC Mode from Privileged EXEC Mode:
TL-SG2424P# disable
TL-SG2424P>
configure
Description
The configure command is used to access Global Configuration Mode from
Privileged EXEC Mode.
Syntax
configure
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode
Example
Access Global Configuration Mode from Privileged EXEC Mode:
TL-SG2424P# configure
TL-SG2424P(config)#
9
exit
Description
The exit command is used to return to the previous Mode from the current
Mode.
Syntax
exit
Command Mode
Any Configuration Mode
Example
Return to Global Configuration Mode from Interface Configuration Mode, and
then return to Privileged EXEC Mode:
TL-SG2424P (config-if)# exit
TL-SG2424P(config)# exit
TL-SG2424P#
end
Description
The end command is used to return to Privileged EXEC Mode.
Syntax
end
Command Mode
Any Configuration Mode
Example
Return to Privileged EXEC Mode from Interface Configuration Mode:
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# end
TL-SG2424P#
10
Chapter 3
IEEE 802.1Q VLAN Commands
VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) technology is developed for the switch to divide the LAN into
multiple logical LANs flexibly. Hosts in the same VLAN can communicate with each other,
regardless of their physical locations. VLAN can enhance performance by conserving bandwidth,
and improve security by limiting traffic to specific domains.
vlan
Description
The vlan command is used to create IEEE 802.1Q VLAN and enter VLAN
Configuration Mode. To delete the IEEE 802.1Q VLAN, please use no vlan
command.
Syntax
vlan vlan-list
no vlan vlan-list
Parameter
vlan-list —— Specify IEEE 802.1Q VLAN ID list, ranging from 2 to 4094, in the
format of 2-3, 5. It is multi-optional.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Create VLAN 2-10 and VLAN 100:
TL-SG2424P(config)# vlan 2-10,100
Delete VLAN 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# no vlan 2
interface vlan
Description
The interface vlan command is used to create VLAN Interface and enter
Interface VLAN Mode. To delete VLAN Interface, please use no interface vlan
command.
11
Syntax
interface vlan vlan-id
no interface vlan vlan-id
Parameter
vlan-id —— Specify IEEE 802.1Q VLAN ID, ranging from 1 to 4094.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Create VLAN Interface 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface vlan 2
name
Description
The name command is used to assign a description to a VLAN. To clear the
description, please use no name command.
Syntax
name descript
no name
Parameter
descript ——String to describe the VLAN, which contains 16 characters at most.
Command Mode
VLAN Configuration Mode (VLAN)
Example
Specify the name of VLAN 2 as “group1”:
TL-SG2424P(config)# vlan 2
TL-SG2424P(config-vlan)# name group1
switchport mode
Description
The switchport mode command is used to configure the Link Type for the
ports.
12
Syntax
switchport mode { access | trunk | general }
Parameter
access | trunk | general —— Link Types. There are three Link Types for the
ports.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Specify the Link Type of port 3 as trunk:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# switchport mode trunk
switchport access vlan
Description
The switchport access vlan command is used to add the desired Access port
to IEEE 802.1Q VLAN. To remove the specified port/ports from the
corresponding VLAN, please use no switchport access vlan command.
Syntax
switchport access vlan vlan-id
no switchport access vlan
Parameter
vlan-id —— Specify IEEE 802.1Q VLAN ID, ranging from 2 to 4094.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Specify the Link Type of port 3 as access and add it to VLAN 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# switchport mode access
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# switchport access vlan 2
13
switchport trunk allowed vlan
Description
The switchport trunk allowed vlan command is used to add the desired Trunk
port to IEEE 802.1Q VLAN. To delete the corresponding VLAN/VLANs, please
use no switchport trunk allowed vlan command.
Syntax
switchport trunk allowed vlan vlan-list
no switchport trunk allowed vlan vlan-list
Parameter
vlan-list —— Specify IEEE 802.1Q VLAN ID list, ranging from 2 to 4094, in the
format of 2-3, 5. It is multi-optional.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Specify the Link Type of port 2 as trunk and add it to VLAN 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# switchport mode trunk
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# switchport trunk allowed vlan 2
switchport general allowed vlan
Description
The switchport general allowed vlan command is used to add the desired
General port to IEEE 802.1Q VLAN and specify the egress rule. To delete the
corresponding VLAN/VLANs, please use no switchport general allowed vlan
command.
Syntax
switchport general allowed vlan vlan-list { tagged | untagged }
no switchport general allowed vlan vlan-list
Parameter
vlan-list —— Specify IEEE 802.1Q VLAN ID list, ranging from 2 to 4094, in the
format of 2-3, 5. It is multi-optional.
14
tagged | untagged —— Egress rule, untagged or tagged. Tagged: All packets
forwarded by the port are tagged. The packets contain VLAN information.
Untagged: Packets forwarded by the port are untagged.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Specify the Link Type of port 4 as “general”, then add it to VLAN 2 and configure
the egress rule of port 4 as “tagged”:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/4
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# switchport mode general
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# switchport general allowed vlan 2 tagged
switchport pvid
Description
The switchport pvid command is used to configure the PVID for the switch
ports.
Syntax
switchport pvid vlan-id
Parameter
vlan-id —— Specify IEEE 802.1Q VLAN ID, ranging from 1 to 4094.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Specify the PVID of port 3 as 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# switchport pvid 1
show vlan summary
Description
The show vlan summary command is used to display the summarized
information of IEEE 802.1Q VLAN.
15
Syntax
show vlan summary
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the summarized information of IEEE 802.1Q VLAN:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show vlan summary
show vlan brief
Description
The show vlan brief command is used to display the brief information of IEEE
802.1Q VLAN.
Syntax
show vlan brief
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the brief information of IEEE 802.1Q VLAN:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show vlan brief
show vlan
Description
The show vlan command is used to display the detailed information of the
specified IEEE 802.1Q VLAN. By default, the detailed information of all vlans
will be displayed.
Syntax
show vlan [ id vlan-id ]
Parameter
vlan-id —— Specify IEEE 802.1Q VLAN ID, ranging from 1 to 4094. It is
multi-optional.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
16
Example
Display the detailed information of all VLANs:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show vlan
Display the detailed information of VLAN 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show vlan id 2
Display the detailed information of VLAN 3-10:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show vlan id 3-10
17
Chapter 4
Voice VLAN Commands
Voice VLANs are configured specially for voice data stream. By configuring Voice VLANs and
adding the ports with voice devices attached to voice VLANs, you can perform QoS-related
configuration for voice data, ensuring the transmission priority of voice data stream and voice
quality.
voice vlan
Description
The voice vlan command is used to enable Voice VLAN function. To disable
Voice VLAN function, please use no voice vlan command.
Syntax
voice vlan vlan-id
no voice vlan
Parameter
vlan-id —— Specify IEEE 802.1Q VLAN ID, ranging from 2 to 4094.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the Voice VLAN function for VLAN 10:
TL-SG2424P(config)# voice vlan 10
voice vlan aging time
Description
The voice vlan aging time command is used to set the aging time for a voice
VLAN. To restore to the default aging time for the Voice VLAN, please use no
voice vlan aging time command.
Syntax
voice vlan aging time time
no voice vlan aging time
18
Parameter
time —— Aging time (in minutes) to be set for the Voice VLAN. It ranges from 1
to 43200 and the default value is 1440.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Set the aging time for the Voice VLAN as 1 minute:
TL-SG2424P(config)# voice vlan aging time 1
voice vlan priority
Description
The voice vlan priority command is used to configure the priority for the Voice
VLAN. To restore to the default priority, please use no voice vlan priority
command.
Syntax
voice vlan priority pri
no voice vlan priority
Parameter
pri —— Priority, ranging from 0 to 7, and the default value is 6.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the priority of the Voice VLAN as 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)# voice vlan priority 5
voice vlan mac-address
Description
The voice vlan mac-address command is used to create Voice VLAN OUI. To
delete the specified Voice VLAN OUI, please use no voice vlan mac-address
command.
19
Syntax
voice vlan mac-address mac-addr mask mask [ description descript ]
no voice vlan mac-address mac-addr
Parameter
mac-addr —— The OUI address of the voice device, in the format of
XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX.
mask —— The OUI address mask of the voice device, in the format of
XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX.
descript ——Give a description to the OUI for identification which contains 16
characters at most.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Create a Voice VLAN OUI described as TP-Phone with the OUI address
00:11:11:11:11:11 and the mask address FF:FF:FF:00:00:00:
TL-SG2424P(config)# voice vlan mac-address 00:11:11:11:11:11 mask
FF:FF:FF:00:00:00 description TP-Phone
switchport voice vlan mode
Description
The switchport voice vlan mode command is used to configure the Voice
VLAN mode for the Ethernet port.
Syntax
switchport voice vlan mode { manual | auto }
Parameter
manual | auto —— Port mode.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Configure the port 3 to operate in the auto voice VLAN mode:
20
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# switchport voice vlan mode auto
switchport voice vlan security
Description
The switchport voice vlan security command is used to enable the Voice
VLAN security feature. To disable the Voice VLAN security feature, please use
no switchport voice vlan security command.
Syntax
switchport voice vlan security
no switchport voice vlan security
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable port 3 for the Voice VLAN security feature:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# switchport voice vlan security
show voice vlan
Description
The show voice vlan command is used to display the global configuration
information of Voice VLAN.
Syntax
show voice vlan
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration information of Voice VLAN globally:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show voice vlan
21
show voice vlan oui
Description
The show voice vlan oui command is used to display the configuration
information of Voice VLAN OUI.
Syntax
show voice vlan oui
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration information of Voice VLAN OUI:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show voice vlan oui
show voice vlan switchport
Description
The show voice vlan switchport command is used to display the Voice VLAN
configuration information of all ports or a specified port.
Syntax
show voice vlan switchport [ gigabitEthernet port ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the Voice VLAN configuration information of all ports:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show voice vlan switchport
Display the Voice VLAN configuration information of port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show voice vlan switchport gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
22
Chapter 5
Etherchannel Commands
Etherchannel Commands are used to configure LAG and LACP function.
LAG (Link Aggregation Group) is to combine a number of ports together to make a single
high-bandwidth data path, which can highly extend the bandwidth. The bandwidth of the LAG is
the sum of bandwidth of its member port.
LACP (Link Aggregation Control Protocol) is defined in IEEE802.3ad and enables the dynamic link
aggregation and disaggregation by exchanging LACP packets with its partner. The switch can
dynamically group similarly configured ports into a single logical link, which will highly extend the
bandwidth and flexibly balance the load.
channel-group
Description
The channel-group command is used to add a port to the EtherChannel Group
and configure its mode. To delete the port from the EtherChannel Group, please
use no channel-group command.
Syntax
channel-group num mode { on | active | passive }
no channel-group
Parameter
num —— The number of the EtherChannel Group, ranging from 1 to 8.
on —— Enable the static LAG.
active —— Enable the active LACP mode.
passive —— Enable the passive LACP mode.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Add ports 2-4 to EtherChannel Group 1 and enable the static LAG:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface range gigabitEthernet 1/0/2-4
TL-SG2424P(config-if-range)# channel-group 1 mode on
23
port-channel load-balance
Description
The port-channel load-balance command is used to configure the Aggregate
Arithmetic for LAG. To return to the default configurations, please use no
port-channel load-balance command.
Syntax
port-channel load-balance { src-dst-mac | src-dst-ip }
no port-channel load-balance
Parameter
src-dst-mac —— The source and destination MAC address. When this option
is selected, the Aggregate Arithmetic will be based on the source and
destination MAC addresses of the packets. The Aggregate Arithmetic for LAG is
“src-dst-mac” by default.
src-dst-ip—— The source and destination IP address. When this option is
selected, the Aggregate Arithmetic will be based on the source and destination
IP addresses of the packets.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the Aggregate Arithmetic for LAG as “src-dst-mac”:
TL-SG2424P(config)# port-channel load-balance src-dst-mac
lacp system-priority
Description
The lacp system-priority command is used to configure the LACP system
priority globally. To return to the default configurations, please use no lacp
system-priority command.
Syntax
lacp system-priority pri
no lacp system-priority
Parameter
pri —— The system priority, ranging from 0 to 65535. It is 32768 by default.
24
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the LACP system priority as 1024 globally:
TL-SG2424P(config)# lacp system-priority 1024
lacp port-priority
Description
The lacp port-priority command is used to configure the LACP port priority for
specified ports. To return to the default configurations, please use no lacp
port-priority command.
Syntax
lacp port-priority pri
no lacp port-priority
Parameter
pri —— The port priority, ranging from 0 to 65535. It is 32768 by default.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Configure the LACP port priority as 1024 for ports 1-3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface range gigabitEthernet 1/0/1-3
TL-SG2424P(config-if-range)# lacp port-priority 1024
Configure the LACP port priority as 2048 for port 4:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/4
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# lacp port-priority 2048
show etherchannel
Description
The show etherchannel command is used to display the EtherChannel
information.
25
Syntax
show etherchannel [ channel-group-num ] { detail | summary }
Parameter
channel-group-num —— The EtherChannel Group number, ranging from 1 to 8.
By default, it is empty, and will display the information of all EtherChannel
Groups.
detail —— The detailed information of EtherChannel.
summary —— The EtherChannel information in summary.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the detailed information of EtherChannel Group 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show etherchannel 1 detail
show etherchannel load-balance
Description
The show etherchannel load-balance command is used to display the
Aggregate Arithmetic of LAG.
Syntax
show etherchannel load-balance
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the Aggregate Arithmetic of LAG:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show etherchannel load-balance
show lacp
Description
The show lacp command is used to display the LACP information for a
specified EtherChannel Group.
Syntax
show lacp [ channel-group-num ] { internal | neighbor }
26
Parameter
channel-group-num —— The EtherChannel Group number, ranging from 1 to 8.
By default, it is empty, and will display the information of all LACP groups.
internal —— The internal LACP information.
neighbor —— The neighbor LACP information.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the internal LACP information of EtherChannel Group 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show lacp 1 internal
show lacp sys-id
Description
The show lacp sys-id command is used to display the LACP system priority
globally.
Syntax
show lacp sys-id
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the LACP system priority:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show lacp sys-id
27
Chapter 6
User Manage Commands
User Manage Commands are used to manage the user’s logging information by Web, CLI or SSH,
so as to protect the settings of the switch from being randomly changed.
user
Description
The user command is used to add a new user or modify the existed user’s
information. To delete the existed users, please use no user command.
Syntax
user user-name password password [ type { guest | admin }] [ status { disable
| enable} ]
no user user-name
Parameter
user-name ——Type a name for users' login, which contains 16 characters at
most, composing digits, English letters and under dashes only.
password ——Type a password for users' login, which contains 16 characters at
most, composing digits, English letters and under dashes only.
guest | admin —— Access level. Guest means that you can only view the
settings without the right to edit and modify. Admin means that you can edit,
modify and view all the settings of different functions. It is “admin” by default.
disable | enable ——Enable/disable the user. The new added user is enabled by
default.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Add and enable a new admin user named tplink, of which the password is
password:
TL-SG2424P(config)# user tplink password password type admin status
enable
28
user access-control ip-based
Description
The user access-control ip-based command is used to limit the IP-range of
the users for login. Only the users within the IP-range you set here are allowed
to login. To cancel the user access limit, please use no user access-control
command.
Syntax
user access-control ip-based ip-addr ip-mask
no user access-control
Parameter
ip-addr —— The source IP address. Only the users within the IP-range you set
here are allowed for login.
ip-mask ——The subnet mask of the IP address.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the access-control of the user whose IP address is 192.168.0.148:
TL-SG2424P(config)#
user
access-control
ip-based
192.168.0.148
255.255.255.255
user access-control mac-based
Description
The user access-control mac-based command is used to limit the MAC
Address of the users for login. Only the user with this MAC Address you set here
is allowed to login. To cancel the user access limit, please use no user
access-control command.
Syntax
user access-control mac-based mac-addr
no user access-control
29
Parameter
mac-addr —— The source MAC address. Only the user with this MAC Address
is allowed to login.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure that only the user whose MAC address is 00:00:13:0A:00:01 is
allowed to login:
TL-SG2424P(config)# user access-control mac-based 00:00:13:0A:00:01
user access-control port-based
Description
The user access-control port-based command is used to limit the ports for
login. Only the users connected to these ports you set here are allowed to login.
To cancel the user access limit, please use no user access-control command.
Syntax
user access-control port-based interface { gigabitEthernet port | range
gigabitEthernet port-list }
no user access-control
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
port-list ——The list group of Ethernet ports, in the format of 1/0/1-4. You can
appoint 5 ports at most.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure that only the users connected to ports 2-6 are allowed to login:
TL-SG2424P(config)# user access-control port-based interface range
gigabitEthernet 1/0/2-6
30
user max-number
Description
The user max-number command is used to configure the maximum login user
numbers at the same time. To cancel the limit on login numbers, please use no
user max-number command.
Syntax
user max-number admin-num guest-num
no user max-number
Parameter
admin-num ——The maximum number of the users allowed to log on as Admin,
ranging from 1 to 16. The total number of Admin and Guest should be less than
16.
guest-num ——The maximum number of the users allowed to log on as Guest,
ranging from 0 to 15. The total number of Admin and Guest should be less than
16.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the maximum number of users’ login as Admin and Guest as 5 and 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# user max-num 5 3
user idle-timeout
Description
The user idle-timeout command is used to configure the timeout time of the
switch. To restore to the default timeout time, please use no user idle-timeout
command.
Syntax
user idle-timeout minutes
no user idle-timeout
31
Parameter
minutes ——The timeout time, ranging from 5 to 30 in minutes. The value is 10
by default.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the timeout time of the switch as 15 minutes:
TL-SG2424P(config)# user idle-timeout 15
show user account-list
Description
The show user account-list command is used to display the information of the
current users.
Syntax
show user account-list
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the information of the current users:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show user account-list
show user configuration
Description
The user configuration command is used to display the security configuration
information of the users, including access-control, max-number and the
idle-timeout, etc.
Syntax
show user configuration
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
32
Example
Display the security configuration information of the users:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show user configuration
33
Chapter 7
System Log Commands
The log information will record the settings and operation of the switch respectively for you to
monitor operation status and diagnose malfunction.
The log information will record the settings and operation of the switch respectively for you to
monitor operation status and diagnose malfunction.
logging buffer
Description
The logging buffer command is used to configure the severity level and the
status of the configuration input to the log buffer. To return to the default
configuration, please use no logging buffer command. Local Log is the log
information saved in the switch. It has two output channels, that is, it can be
saved to two different positions, log buffer and log file. The log buffer indicates
the RAM for saving system log and the information in the log buffer can be got
by show logging buffer command. It will be lost when the switch is restarted.
Syntax
logging buffer level
no logging buffer
Parameter
level —— Severity level of the log information output to each channel. There
are 8 severity levels marked with values 0-7. The smaller value has the higher
priority. Only the log with the same or smaller severity level value will be output.
By default, it is 7 indicating that all the log information will be saved in the log
buffer.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Set the severity level as 6:
TL-SG2424P(config)# logging buffer 6
34
logging file flash
Description
The logging file flash command is used to configure the level and the status of
the log file input. To restore to the default configuration, please use no logging
file flash command. The log file indicates the flash sector for saving system log.
The information in the log file will not be lost after the switch is restarted and can
be got by the show logging flash command.
Syntax
logging file flash level
no logging file flash
Parameter
level —— Severity level of the log information output to each channel. There
are 8 severity levels marked with values 0-7. The smaller value has the higher
priority. Only the log with the same or smaller severity level value will be output.
By default, it is 4 indicating that the log information marked with 0~4 will be
saved in the log buffer.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the log file function and set the severity as 7:
TL-SG2424P(config)# logging file flash 7
clear logging
Description
The clear logging command is used to clear the information in the log buffer
and log file.
Syntax
clear logging [ buffer | flash ]
Parameter
buffer | flash —The output channels: buffer and flash. Clear the information of
the two channels, by default.
35
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Clear the information in the log file:
TL-SG2424P(config)# clear logging buffer
logging host index
Description
The logging host index command is used to configure the Log Host. To clear
the configuration of the specified Log Host, please use no logging host index
command. Log Host is to receive the system log from other devices. You can
remotely monitor the settings and operation status of other devices through the
log host.
Syntax
logging host index idx host-ip level
no logging host index idx
Parameter
idx —— The index of the log host. The switch supports 4 log hosts at most.
host-ip —— The IP for the log host.
level —— The severity level of the log information sent to each log host. There
are 8 severity levels marked with values 0-7. The smaller value has the higher
priority. Only the log with the same or smaller severity level value will be sent to
the corresponding log host. By default, it is 6 indicating that the log information
marked with 0~6 will be sent to the log host.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Set the IP address as 192.168.0.148, the level 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)# logging host index 2 192.168.0.148 5
36
show logging local-config
Description
The show logging local-config command is used to display the configuration
of the Local Log including the log buffer and the log file.
Syntax
show logging local-config
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration of the Local Log:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show logging local-config
show logging loghost
Description
The show logging loghost command is used to display the configuration of the
log host.
Syntax
show logging loghost [ index ]
Parameter
index ——The index of the log host whose configuration will be displayed,
ranging from 1 to 4. Display the configuration of all the log hosts by default.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration of the log host 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show logging loghost 2
show logging buffer
Description
37
The show logging buffer command is used to display the log information in the
log buffer according to the severity level.
Syntax
show logging buffer [ level level ]
Parameter
level —— Severity level. There are 8 severity levels marked with values 0-7.
The information of levels with priority not lower than the select level will display.
Display all the log information in the log buffer by default.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the log information from level 0 to level 5 in the log buffer:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show logging buffer level 5
show logging flash
Description
The show logging flash command is used to display the log information in the
log file according to the severity level.
Syntax
show logging flash [ level level ]
Parameter
level —— Severity level. There are 8 severity levels marked with values 0-7.
The information of levels with priority not lower than the select level will display.
Display all the log information in the log file by default.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the log information with the level marked 0~3 in the log file:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show logging flash level 3
38
Chapter 8
SSH Commands
SSH (Security Shell) can provide the unsecured remote management with security and powerful
authentication to ensure the security of the management information.
ip ssh server
Description
The ip ssh server command is used to enable SSH function. To disable the
SSH function, please use no ip ssh server command.
Syntax
ip ssh server
no ip ssh server
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the SSH function:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip ssh server
ip ssh version
Description
The ip ssh version command is used to enable the SSH protocol version. To
disable the protocol version, please use no ip ssh version command.
Syntax
ip ssh version { v1 | v2 }
no ip ssh version { v1 | v2 }
Parameter
v1 | v2 —— The SSH protocol version to be enabled. They represent SSH v1
and SSH v2 respectively.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
39
Example
Enable SSH v2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip ssh version v2
ip ssh timeout
Description
The ip ssh timeout command is used to specify the idle-timeout time of SSH.
To restore to the factory defaults, please use ip ssh timeout command.
Syntax
ip ssh timeout value
no ip ssh timeout
Parameter
value —— The Idle-timeout time. During this period, the system will automatically
release the connection if there is no operation from the client. It ranges from 1 to
999 in seconds. By default, this value is 500.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Specify the idle-timeout time of SSH as 300 seconds:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip ssh timeout 300
ip ssh max-client
Description
The ip ssh max-client command is used to specify the maximum number of the
connections to the SSH server. To return to the default configuration, please use
no ip ssh max-client command.
Syntax
ip ssh max-client num
no ip ssh max-client
Parameter
num —— The maximum number of the connections to the SSH server. It
ranges from 1 to 5. By default, this value is 5.
40
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Specify the maximum number of the connections to the SSH server as 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip ssh max-client 3
ip ssh download
Description
The ip ssh download command is used to download the SSH key file from
TFTP server.
Syntax
ip ssh download { v1 | v2 } key-file ip-address ip-addr
Parameter
v1 | v2 —— Select the type of SSH key to download, v1 represents SSH-1, v2
represents SSH-2.
key-file —— The name of the key-file which is selected to download. The
length of the name ranges from 1 to 25 characters. The key length of the
downloaded file must be in the range of 256 to 3072 bits.
ip-addr —— The IP address of the TFTP server.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Download a SSH-1 type key file named ssh-key from TFTP server with the IP
Address 192.168.0.148:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip ssh download v1 ssh-key ip-address 192.168.0.148
show ip ssh
Description
The show ip ssh command is used to display the global configuration of SSH.
Syntax
show ip ssh
41
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the global configuration of SSH:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show ip ssh
42
Chapter 9
SSL Commands
SSL(Secure Sockets Layer), a security protocol, is to provide a secure connection for the
application layer protocol(e.g. HTTP) based on TCP. Adopting asymmetrical encryption technology,
SSL uses key pair to encrypt/decrypt information. A key pair refers to a public key (contained in the
certificate) and its corresponding private key. By default the switch has a certificate (self-signed
certificate) and a corresponding private key. The Certificate/Key Download function enables the
user to replace the default key pair.
ip http secure-server
Description
The ip http secure-server command is used to enable the SSL function
globally on the switch. To disable the SSL function, please use no ip http
secure-server command. Only the SSL function is enabled, a secure HTTPS
connection can be established.
Syntax
ip http secure-server
no ip http secure-server
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the SSL function:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip http secure-server
ip http secure-server download certificate
Description
The ip http secure-server download certificate command is used to
download a certificate to the switch from TFTP server.
Syntax
ip http secure-server download certificate ssl-cert ip-address ip-addr
43
Parameter
ssl-cert —— The name of the SSL certificate which is selected to download to
the switch. The length of the name ranges from 1 to 25 characters. The
Certificate must be BASE64 encoded.
ip-addr —— The IP address of the TFTP server.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Download a SSL Certificate named ssl-cert from TFTP server with the IP
Address of 192.168.0.146:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip http secure-server download certificate ssl-cert
ip-address 192.168.0.146
ip http secure-server download key
Description
The ip http secure-server download key command is used to download a
SSL key to the switch from TFTP server.
Syntax
ip http secure-server download key ssl-key ip-address ip-addr
Parameter
ssl-key —— The name of the SSL key which is selected to download to the
switch. The length of the name ranges from 1 to 25 characters. The Key must
be BASE64 encoded.
ip-addr —— The IP address of the TFTP server.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Download a SSL Key named ssl-key from TFTP server with the IP Address of
192.168.0.146:
TL-SG2424P(config)#
ip
http
ip-address 192.168.0.146
44
secure-server
download
key
ssl-key
show ip http secure-server
Description
The show ip http secure-server command is used to display the global
configuration of SSL.
Syntax
show ip http secure-server
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the global configuration of SSL:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show ip http secure-server
45
Chapter 10 MAC Address Commands
MAC Address configuration can improve the network security by configuring the Port Security and
maintaining the address information by managing the Address Table.
mac address-table static
Description
The mac address-table static command is used to add the static MAC address
entry. To remove the corresponding entry, please use no mac address-table
static command. The static address can be added or removed manually,
independent of the aging time. In the stable networks, the static MAC address
entries can facilitate the switch to reduce broadcast packets and enhance the
efficiency of packets forwarding remarkably.
Syntax
mac address-table static mac mac-addr vid vid gigabitEthernet port
no mac address-table static { mac mac-addr | vid vid | mac mac-addr vid vid |
gigabitEthernet port }
Parameter
mac-addr ——The MAC address of the entry you desire to add.
vid —— The VLAN ID number of your desired entry. It ranges from 1 to 4094.
port —— The Ethernet port number of your desired entry.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Add a static Mac address entry to bind the MAC address 00:02:58:4f:6c:23,
VLAN1 and port 1 together:
TL-SG2424P(config)# mac address-table static mac 00:02:58:4f:6c:23 vid 1
interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
mac address-table aging-time
Description
The mac address-table aging-time command is used to configure aging time
for the dynamic address. To return to the default configuration, please use no
46
mac address-table aging-time command.
Syntax
mac address-table aging-time aging-time
no mac address-table aging-time
Parameter
aging-time —— The aging time for the dynamic address. The value of it can be
0 or ranges from 10 to 630 seconds. When 0 is entered, the Auto Aging function
is disabled. It is 300 by default.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the aging time as 500 seconds:
TL-SG2424P(config)# mac address-table aging-time 500
mac address-table filtering
Description
The mac address-table filtering command is used to add the filtering address
entry. To delete the corresponding entry, please use no mac address-table
filtering command. The filtering address function is to forbid the undesired
package to be forwarded. The filtering address can be added or removed
manually, independent of the aging time.
Syntax
mac address-table filtering mac mac-addr vid vid
no mac address-table filtering {[ mac mac-addr ] [ vid vid ]}
Parameter
mac-addr —— The MAC address to be filtered.
vid —— The corresponding VLAN ID of the MAC address. It ranges from 1 to
4094.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Add a filtering address entry of which VLAN ID is 1 and MAC address is
00:1e:4b:04:01:5d:
47
TL-SG2424P(config)# mac address-table filtering mac 00:1e:4b:04:01:5d
vid 1
mac address-table max-mac-count
Description
The mac address-table max-mac-count command is used to configure the
Port Security. To return to the default configurations, please use no mac
address-table max-mac-count command. Port Security is to protect the switch
from the malicious MAC address attack by limiting the maximum number of the
MAC addresses that can be learned on the port. The port with Port Security
feature enabled will learned the MAC address dynamically. When the learned
MAC address number reaches the maximum, the port will stop learning.
Therefore, the other devices with the MAC address unlearned can not access to
the network via this port.
Syntax
mac address-table max-mac-count {[ max-number num ] [ mode { dynamic |
static | permanent }] [ status { disable | enable }]}
no mac address-table max-mac-count
Parameter
num —— The maximum number of MAC addresses that can be learned on the
port. It ranges from 0 to 64. By default this value is 64.
dynamic | static | permanent —— Learn mode for MAC addresses. There are
three modes, including Dynamic mode, Static mode and Permanent mode.
When Dynamic mode is selected, the learned MAC address will be deleted
automatically after the aging time. When Static mode is selected, the learned
MAC address will be out of the influence of the aging time and can only be
deleted manually. The learned entries will be cleared after the switch is rebooted.
When permanent mode is selected, the learned MAC address will be out of the
influence of the aging time and can only be deleted manually too. However, the
learned entries will be saved even the switch is rebooted.
status —— Enable or disable the Port Security function for a specified port. By
default, this function is disabled.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
48
Example
Enable Port Security function for port 1, select Static mode as the learn mode,
and specify the maximum number of MAC addresses that can be learned on
this port as 30:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# mac address-table max-mac-count max-number
30 mode static status enable
show mac address-table address
Description
The show mac address-table address command is used to display the
information of all Address entries.
Syntax
show mac address-table address { dynamic | static | drop | all }
Parameter
dynamic | static | drop | all —— The type of your desired entry
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the information of all Address entries:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show mac address-table address all
show mac address-table aging-time
Description
The show mac address-table aging-time command is used to display the
Aging Time of the MAC address.
Syntax
show mac address-table aging-time
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the Aging Time of the MAC address:
49
TL-SG2424P(config)# show mac address-table aging-time
show mac address-table max-mac-count interface
gigabitEthernet
Description
The show mac address-table max-mac-count interface gigabitEthernet
command is used to display the security configuration of all ports or the
specified port.
Syntax
show mac address-table max-mac-count interface gigabitEthernet [ port ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the security configuration of all ports:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show mac address-table max-mac-count interface
gigabitEthernet
Display the security configuration of port 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show mac address-table max-mac-count interface
gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
show mac address-table interface gigabitEthernet
Description
The show mac address-table interface gigabitEthernet command is used to
display the address configuration of the specified port.
Syntax
show mac address-table interface gigabitEthernet port
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
50
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the address configuration of port 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show mac address-table interface gigabitEthernet
1/0/1
show mac address-table mac-num
Description
The show mac address-table mac-num command is used to display the total
amount of MAC address table.
Syntax
show mac address-table mac-num
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the total amount of MAC address table:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show mac address-table mac-num
show mac address-table mac
Description
The show mac address-table mac command is used to display the information
of the specified MAC address.
Syntax
show mac address-table mac mac-addr
Parameter
mac-addr ——The specified MAC address.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the information of the MAC address 00:00:00:00:23:00:00:
TL-SG2424P(config)#show mac address-table mac 00:00:00:00:23:00:00
51
show mac address-table vlan
Description
The show mac address-table vlan command is used to display the MAC
address configuration of the specified vlan.
Syntax
show mac address-table vlan vid
Parameter
vid ——The specified VLAN id.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the MAC address configuration of vlan 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show mac address-table vlan 1
52
Chapter 11 System Configuration Commands
System Configuration Commands can be used to configure the system information and system IP
of the switch, and to reboot and reset the switch, upgrade the switch system and commands used
for device diagnose, including loopback test and cable test.
system-time manual
Description
The system-time manual command is used to configure the system time
manually.
Syntax
system-time manual time
Parameter
time —— Set the date and time manually, in the format of MM/DD/YYYY- HH:
MM: SS.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the system time as 02/14/2012- 12:30:00:
TL-SG2424P(config)# system-time manual 02/14/2012-12:30:00
system-time ntp
Description
The system-time ntp command is used to configure the time zone and the IP
Address for the NTP Server. The switch will get GMT automatically if it has
connected to a NTP Server.
Syntax
system-time ntp { timezone } { ntp-server } { backup-ntp-server }
{ fetching-rate }
Parameter
timezone —— Your local time-zone, and it ranges from GMT-12 to GMT+13.
The detailed information that each time-zone means are displayed as follow:
GMT-12 —— TimeZone for Eniwetok,Kwajalein.
53
GMT-11 —— TimeZone for Midway Island,Samoa.
GMT-10 —— TimeZone for Hawaii.
GMT-09 —— TimeZone for Alaska.
GMT-08 —— TimeZone for Pacific Time.
GMT-07 —— TimeZone for Mountain Time(US Canada).
GMT-06 —— TimeZone for Central Time(US Canada).
GMT-05 —— TimeZone for Eastern Time(US Canada).
GMT-04 —— TimeZone for Atlantic Time(Canada).
GMT-03 —— TimeZone for Newfoundland, Brasilia, Buenos Aires.
GMT-02 —— TimeZone for Mid-Atlantic.
GMT-01 —— TimeZone for Azores, Cape Verde Is.
GMT —— TimeZone for Greenwich Mean Time, Dublin, London.
GMT+01 —— TimeZone for Berlin, Stockholm, Rome, Bern, Brussels.
GMT+02 —— TimeZone for Athens, Helsinki, Eastern Europe, Israel.
GMT+03 —— TimeZone for Baghdad, Kuwait, Nairobi, Riyadh, Moscow.
GMT+04 —— TimeZone for Abu Dhabi, Muscat, Kazan, Volgograd.
GMT+05 —— TimeZone for Islamabad, Karachi, Ekaterinburg.
GMT+06 —— TimeZone for Almaty, Dhaka.
GMT+07 —— TimeZone for Bangkok, Jakarta, Hanoi.
GMT+08 —— TimeZone for Beijing, Hong Kong, Perth, Singapore.
GMT+09 —— TimeZone for Tokyo, Osaka, Sapporo, Seoul, Yakutsk.
GMT+10 —— TimeZone for Brisbane, Canberra, Melbourne, Sydney.
GMT+11 —— TimeZone for Magadan, Solomon Is., New Caledonia.
GMT+12 —— TimeZone for Fiji, Kamchatka, Auckland.
GMT+13 —— TimeZone for Nuku'alofa.
ntp-server
—— The IP Address for the Primary NTP Server.
backup-ntp-server
—— The IP Address for the Secondary NTP Server.
fetching-rate —— Specify the rate fetching time from NTP server.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the system time mode as NTP, the time zone is GMT-12, the primary
NTP server is 133.100.9.2 and the secondary NTP server is 139.78.100.163,
the fetching-rate is 11 hours:
TL-SG2424P(config)# system-time ntp GMT-12 133.100.9.2 139.79.100.163
11
54
system-time dst predefined
Description
The system-time dst predefined command is used to select a predefined DST
configuration and the configuration can be recycled.
Syntax
system-time dst predefined [ USA | Australia | Europe | New-Zealand ]
Parameter
USA | Australia | Europe | New-Zealand —— Predefined DST mode, with four
options: USA, Australia, Europe and New-Zealand. By default, the setting is
“Europe”.
The DST time periods which the four predefined DST mode represents are
displayed as follow:
USA: First Sunday in April, 02:00 ~ Last Sunday in October, 02:00.
Australia: First Sunday in October, 02:00 ~ First Sunday in April, 03:00.
Europe: Last Sunday in March, 01:00 ~ Last Sunday in October, 01:00.
New Zealand: First Sunday in October, 02:00 ~ Last Sunday in March, 03:00.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the DST period of the switch as Europe:
TL-SG2424P(config)# system-time dst predefined Europe
system-time dst date
Description
The system-time dst date command is used to specify the DST configuration
in Date mode. This configuration is one-off in use. By default, the current year is
used as the starting time. The month to end can carry forward to next year, but
the length of DST time should be less than 12 months.
Syntax
system-time dst date { smonth } { sday } { stime } { emonth } { eday } { etime }
[ offset ]
55
Parameter
smonth ——
Month to start, with the options: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul,
Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec
sday —— Day to start, ranging from 1 to 31. Please mind that the number of
days depends on the month.
stime —— Time to start, in the format of hh:mm.
emonth —— Month to end, with the options: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul,
Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec
eday —— Day to end, ranging from 1 to 31. Please mind that the number of
days depends on the month.
etime ——
Time to end, in the format of hh:mm.
offset —— Specify the time adding in minutes when Daylight Saving Time
comes. The range of value depends and the default value is 60 minutes. It is
optional.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the DST start time as 00:00 am on April 1st, the end time as 00:00 am
on October 1st and the offset as 30 minutes:
TL-SG2424P(config)# system-time dst date Apr 1 00:00 Oct 1 00:00 30
system-time dst recurring
Description
The system-time dst recurring command is used to specify the DST
configuration in recurring mode. This configuration is recurring in use. The
month to end can carry forward to next year, but the time length should be less
than 12 months.
Syntax
system-time dst recurring { sweek } { sday } { smonth } { stime } { eweek }
{ eday } { emonth } { etime } [ offset ]
Parameter
sweek ——
Week to start, with the options: first, second, third, fourth, last.
sday —— Day to start, with the options: Sun, Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat.
56
smonth—— Month to start, with options: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug,
Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec.
stime —— Time to start, in the format of: hh:mm.
eweek ——
eday ——
Week to end, with options: first, second, third, fourth, last.
Day to end, with options: Sun, Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat.
emonth —— Month to end, with options: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug,
Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec.
etime —— Time to end, in the format of: hh:mm.
offset —— Specify the time adding in minutes when Daylight Saving Time
comes. The range of value depends and the default value is 60 minutes. It is
optional.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Specify the DST start time of the switch as 2:00 am on the first Sunday in May,
the end time as 2:00 am on the last Sunday in October and the offset as 45
minutes:
TL-SG2424P(config)# system-time dst recurring first Sun May 02:00 last
Sun Oct 02:00 45
hostname
Description
The hostname command is used to configure the system name. To clear the
system name information, please use no hostname command.
Syntax
hostname hostname
no hostname hostname
Parameter
hostname —— System Name. The length of the name ranges from 1 to 32
characters. By default, it is the device name, for example “TL-SG2424P”.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the system name as TPLINK:
57
TL-SG2424P(config)# hostname TPLINK
location
Description
The location command is used to configure the system location. To clear the
system location information, please use no location command.
Syntax
location location
no location location
Parameter
location —— Device Location. It consists of 32 characters at most. It is
“SHENZHEN” by default.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the system location as SHENZHEN:
TL-SG2424P(config)# location SHENSHEN
contact-info
Description
The contact-info command is used to configure the system contact information.
To clear the system contact information, please use no contact-info command.
Syntax
contact-info contact_info
no contact-info contact_info
Parameter
contact_info —— Contact Information. It consists of 32 characters at most. It is
“www.tp-link.com” by default.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the system contact information as www.tp-link.com:
58
TL-SG2424P(config)# contact-info www.tp-link.com
reset
Description
The reset command is used to reset the switch’s software. After resetting, all
configuration of the switch will restore to the factory defaults and your current
settings will be lost.
Syntax
reset
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode
Example
Reset the software of the switch:
TL-SG2424P# reset
reboot
Description
The reboot command is used to reboot the switch. To avoid damage, please
don’t turn off the device while rebooting.
Syntax
reboot
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode
Example
Reboot the switch:
TL-SG2424P# reboot
copy running-config startup-config
Description
The copy running-config startup-config command is used to save the current
settings.
59
Syntax
copy running-config startup-config
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode
Example
Save current settings:
TL-SG2424P# copy running-config startup-config
copy startup-config tftp
Description
The copy startup-config tftp command is used to backup the configuration file
from TFTP server.
Syntax
copy startup-config tftp ip-address ip-addr filename name
Parameter
ip-addr —— IP Address of the TFTP server.
name —— Specify the name for the configuration file which would be backup.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode
Example
Backup the configuration files from TFTP server with the IP 192.168.0.148 and
name this file config.cfg:
TL-SG2424P# copy startup-config tftp ip-address 192.168.0.148 filename
config.cfg
copy tftp startup-config
Description
The copy tftp startup-config command is used to download the configuration
file to the switch from TFTP server.
Syntax
copy tftp startup-config ip-address ip-addr filename name
60
Parameter
ip-addr —— IP Address of the TFTP server.
name —— Specify the name for the configuration file which would be downloaded.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode
Example
Download the configuration file named as config.cfg to the switch from TFTP
server with the IP 192.168.0.148:
TL-SG2424P# copy startup-config tftp ip-address 192.168.0.148 filename
config.cfg
firmware upgrade
Description
The firmware upgrade command is used to upgrade the switch system file via
the TFTP server.
Syntax
firmware upgrade ip-address ip-addr filename name
Parameter
ip-addr —— IP Address of the TFTP server.
name —— Specify the name for the firmware file.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode
Example
Upgrade the switch system file named as firmware.bin via the TFTP server with
the IP address 192.168.0.148:
TL-SG2424P#
firmware
upgrade
firmware.bin
ping
Description
61
ip-address
192.168.0.148
filename
The ping command is used to test the connectivity between the switch and one
node of the network.
Syntax
ping { ip_addr } [ -n count ] [ -l count ] [ -i count ]
Parameter
ip_addr —— The IP address of the destination node for ping test.
-n count —— The amount of times to send test data during Ping testing. It
ranges from 1 to 10. By default, this value is 4.
-l count —— The size of the sending data during ping testing. It ranges from 1
to 1024 bytes. By default, this value is 64.
-i count ——
The interval to send ICMP request packets. It ranges from 100 to
1000 milliseconds. By default, this value is 1000.
Command Mode
User EXEC Mode and Privileged EXEC Mode
Example
To test the connectivity between the switch and the network device with the IP
192.168.0.131, please specify the count (-l) as 512 bytes and count (-i) as 1000
milliseconds. If there is not any response after 8 times’ Ping test, the connection
between the switch and the network device is failed to establish:
TL-SG2424P# ping 192.168.0.131 –n 8 –l 512
tracert
Description
The tracert command is used to test the connectivity of the gateways during its
journey from the source to destination of the test data.
Syntax
tracert url [ maxHops ]
Parameter
url —— The IP address of the destination device.
maxHops —— The maximum number of the route hops the test data can pass
though. It ranges from 1 to 30. By default, this value is 4.
Command Mode
User EXEC Mode and Privileged EXEC Mode
62
Example
Test the connectivity between the switch and the network device with the IP
192.168.0.131. If the destination device has not been found after 20 maxHops,
the connection between the switch and the destination device is failed to
establish:
TL-SG2424P# tracert 192.168.0.131 20
loopback interface
Description
The loopback interface command is used to test whether the port is available
or not.
Syntax
loopback interface { gigabitEthernet port } { internal | external }
Parameter
port —— The number of Ethernet port which is selected for loopback test.
internal | external —— Loopback Type. There are two options, Internal and
External.
Command Mode
User EXEC Mode and Privileged EXEC Mode
Example
Do an Internal-type loopback test for port 1:
TL-SG2424P# loopback interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1 internal
Do an External-type loopback test for port 1:
TL-SG2424P# loopback interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1 external
show system-time
Description
The show system-time command is used to display the current time system
and its source.
Syntax
show system-time
63
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the time information of the switch:
TL-SG2424P# show system-time
show system-time dst
Description
The show system-time dst command is used to display the DST time
information of the switch.
Syntax
show system-time dst
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the DST time information of the switch
TL-SG2424P# show system-time dst
show system-time ntp
Description
The show system-time ntp command is used to display the NTP mode
configuration information.
Syntax
show system-time ntp
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the NTP mode configuration information of the switch:
TL-SG2424P# show system-time ntp
64
show system-info
Description
The show system-info command is used to display system description, system
name, device location, system contact, hardware version, firmware version,
system time, run time and so on.
Syntax
show system-info
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the system information:
TL-SG2424P# show system-info
show cable-diagnostics interface
Description
The show cable-diagnostics interface command is used to display the cable
diagnostics of the connected Ethernet Port., which facilitates you to check the
connection status of the cable connected to the switch, locate and diagnose the
trouble spot of the network.
Syntax
show cable-diagnostics interface gigabitEthernet port
Parameter
port —— The number of the port which is selected for Cable test.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Show the cable-diagnostics of port 3:
TL-SG2424P# show cable-diagnostics interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
65
Chapter 12 Ethernet Configuration Commands
Ethernet Configuration Commands can be used to configure the Bandwidth Control, Negotiation
Mode and Storm Control for Ethernet ports.
interface gigabitEthernet
Description
The interface gigabitEthernet command is used to enter the Interface
gigabitEthernet Configuration Mode and configure the corresponding Gigabit
Ethernet port.
Syntax
interface gigabitEthernet port
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
To enter the Interface gigabitEthernet Configuration Mode and configure port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
interface range gigabitEthernet
Description
The interface range gigabitEthernet command is used to enter the interface
range gigabitEthernet Configuration Mode and configure multiple Gigabit
Ethernet ports at the same time.
Syntax
interface range gigabitEthernet port-list
Parameter
port-list —— The list of Ethernet ports.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
66
User Guidelines
Command in the Interface Range gigabitEthernet Mode is executed
independently on all ports in the range. It does not effect the execution on the
other ports at all if the command results in an error on one port.
Example
To enter the Interface range gigabitEthernet Configuration Mode, and configure
ports 1, 2, 3, 6, 7 and 9 at the same time by adding them to one port-list:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface range gigabitEthernet 1/0/1-3,1/0/6-7,1/0/9
description
Description
The description command is used to add a description to the Ethernet port. To
clear the description of the corresponding port, please use no description
command.
Syntax
description string
no description
Parameter
string —— Content of a port description, ranging from 1 to 16 characters.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet)
Example
Add a description “Port #5” to port 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/5
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# description Port#5
shutdown
Description
The shutdown command is used to disable an Ethernet port. To enable this port
again, please use no shutdown command.
Syntax
shutdown
no shutdown
67
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Disable port 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# shutdown
flow-control
Description
The flow-control command is used to enable the flow-control function for a port.
To disable the flow-control function for this corresponding port, please use no
flow-control command. With the flow-control function enabled, the Ingress
Rate and Egress Rate can be synchronized to avoid packet loss in the network.
Syntax
flow-control
no flow-control
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the flow-control function for port 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# flow-control
duplex
Description
The duplex command is used to configure the Duplex Mode for an Ethernet
port. To return to the default configuration, please use no duplex command.
Syntax
duplex { full | half }
no duplex
68
Parameter
full | half —— The duplex mode of the Ethernet port. There are two options:
full-duplex mode (default) and half-duplex mode.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Configure the Duplex Mode as full-duplex for port 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# duplex full
speed
Description
The speed command is used to configure the Speed Mode for an Ethernet port.
To return to the default configuration, please use no speed command.
Syntax
speed { 10 | 100 | 1000 | auto }
no speed
Parameter
10 | 100 | 1000 | auto —— The speed mode of the Ethernet port. There are
four options: 10Mbps, 100Mbps, 1000Mbps and Auto negotiation mode
(default).
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Configure the Speed Mode as 100Mbps for port 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# speed 100
69
storm-control broadcast
Description
The storm-control broadcast command is used to enable the broadcast
control function. To disable the broadcast control function, please use no
storm-control broadcast command. Broadcast control function allows the
switch to filter broadcast in the network. If the transmission rate of the broadcast
packets exceeds the set bandwidth, the packets will be automatically discarded
to avoid network broadcast storm.
Syntax
storm-control broadcast [ rate rate ]
no storm-control broadcast
Parameter
rate —— Specify the bandwidth for receiving broadcast packets on the port.
The packet traffic exceeding the bandwidth will be discarded. By default, the
value is “128K”.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the broadcast control function for port 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/5
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# storm-control broadcast
storm-control multicast
Description
The storm-control multicast command is used to enable the multicast control
function. To disable the multicast control function, please use no storm-control
multicast command. Multicast control function allows the switch to filter
multicast in the network. If the transmission rate of the multicast packets
exceeds the set bandwidth, the packets will be automatically discarded to avoid
network broadcast storm.
Syntax
storm-control multicast [ rate rate ]
no storm-control multicast
70
Parameter
rate —— Select the bandwidth for receiving multicast packets on the port. The
packet traffic exceeding the bandwidth will be discarded. By default, the value is
“128K”.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the multicast control function for port 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/5
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# storm-control multicast
storm-control unicast
Description
The storm-control unicast command is used to enable the unicast control
function. To disable the unicast control function, please use no storm-control
unicast command. Unicast control function allows the switch to filter UL frame
in the network. If the transmission rate of the UL frames exceeds the set
bandwidth, the packets will be automatically discarded to avoid network
broadcast storm.
Syntax
storm-control unicast [ rate rate ]
no storm-control unicast
Parameter
rate —— Select the bandwidth for receiving UL-Frame on the port. The packet
traffic exceeding the bandwidth will be discarded. By default, the value is
“128K”.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the unicast control function for port 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/5
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# storm-control unicast
71
bandwidth
Description
The bandwidth command is used to configure the bandwidth limit for an
Ethernet port. To disable the bandwidth limit, please use no bandwidth
command.
Syntax
bandwidth {[ ingress ingress-rate ] [ egress egress-rate ]}
no bandwidth { all | ingress | egress }
Parameter
ingress-rate —— Specify the bandwidth for receiving packets. Range:1-102400
for the megaport, 1-1024000 for the gigaport.
egress-rate —— Specify the bandwidth for sending packets. Range:1-102400
for the megaport, 1-1024000 for the gigaport.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Configure the ingress-rate as 5120Kbps and egress-rate as 1024Kbps for port
5:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/5
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# bandwidth ingress 5120 egress 1024
clear counters
Description
The clear counters command is used to clear the statistic information of all the
Ethernet ports.
Syntax
clear counters
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Clear the statistic information of all ports
TL-SG2424P(config)# clear counters
72
show interface status
Description
The show interface status command is used to display the connective-status
of an Ethernet port.
Syntax
show interface [ gigabitEthernet port ] status
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the connective-status of all ports:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show interface status
Display the connective-status of port 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1 status
show interface counters
Description
The show interface counters command is used to display the statistic
information of all ports or an Ethernet port.
Syntax
show interface [ gigabitEthernet port ] counters
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the statistic information of all Ethernet ports:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show interface counters
Display the statistic information of port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2 counters
73
show interface description
Description
The show interface description command is used to display the description of
all ports or an Ethernet port.
Syntax
show interface [ gigabitEthernet port ] description
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the description of all Ethernet ports:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show interface description
Display the description of port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2 description
show interface flowcontrol
Description
The show interface flowcontrol command is used to display the flow-control
information of an Ethernet port.
Syntax
show interface [ gigabitEthernet port ] flowcontrol
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the flow-control information of all Ethernet ports:
TL-SG2424P# show interface flowcontrol
Display the flow-control information of port 2:
TL-SG2424P# show interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2 flowcontrol
74
show interface configuration
Description
The show interface configuration command is used to display the
configurations of all ports or an Ethernet port, including Port-status, Flow Control,
Negotiation Mode and Port-description.
Syntax
show interface [ gigabitEthernet port ] configuration
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configurations of all Ethernet ports:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show interface configuration
Display the configurations of port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2 configuration
show storm-control
Description
The show storm-control command is used to display the storm-control
information of Ethernet ports.
Syntax
show storm-control [ interface { gigabitEthernet port | range gigabitEthernet
port-list }]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
port-list —— The list of Ethernet ports.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the storm-control information of port 4, 5, 6, and 7:
75
TL-SG2424P(config)# show storm-control interface range gigabitEthernet
1/0/4-7
show bandwidth
Description
The show bandwidth command is used to display the bandwidth-limit
information of Ethernet ports.
Syntax
show bandwidth [interface { gigabitEthernet port | range gigabitEthernet
port-list }]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
port-list —— The list of the Ethernet ports.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the bandwidth-limit information of port 4:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show bandwidth interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/4
76
Chapter 13 QoS Commands
QoS (Quality of Service) function is used to optimize the network performance. It provides you with
network service experience of a better quality.
qos
Description
The qos command is used to configure CoS (Class of Service) based on port.
To return to the default configuration, please use no qos command.
Syntax
qos cos-id
no qos
Parameter
cos-id — — The priority of port. It ranges from 0 to 7, which represent
CoS0-CoS7 respectively. By default, the priority is 0.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
User Guidelines
Port priority is one property of the port. When the port priority is specified, the
data will be classified into the egress queue based on the CoS value of the
ingress port and the mapping relation between the CoS and TC in IEEE 802.1P.
Example
Configure the priority of port 5 as 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/5
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# qos 3
qos dscp
Description
The qos dscp command is used to enable the mapping relation between DSCP
Priority and CoS value. To disable the mapping relation, please use no qos
dscp command.
77
Syntax
qos dscp
no qos dscp
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
User Guidelines
DSCP (DiffServ Code Point) is a new definition to IP ToS field given by IEEE.
DSCP priorities are mapped to the corresponding 802.1p priorities. IP datagram
will be classified into the egress queue based on the mapping relation between
DSCP priority and CoS value.
Example
Enable the mapping relation between DSCP Priority and CoS value:
TL-SG2424P(config)# qos dscp
qos queue cos-map
Description
The qos queue cos-map command is used to configure the mapping relation
between IEEE 802.1P priority tag/IEEE 802.1Q tag, CoS value and the TC
egress queue. To return to the default configuration, please use no qos queue
cos-map command. When 802.1P Priority is enabled, the packets with 802.1Q
tag are mapped to different priority levels based on 802.1P priority mode. The
untagged packets are mapped based on port priority mode.
Syntax
qos queue cos-map { tag/cos-id } { tc-id }
no qos queue cos-map
Parameter
tag/cos-id —— The 8 priority levels defined by IEEE 802.1P or the priority level
the packets with tag are mapped to, which ranges from CoS 0 to CoS 7.
tc-id —— The egress queue the packets with tag are mapped to. It ranges from
0 to 3, which represents TC0, TC1, TC2, TC3 respectively.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
78
User Guidelines
1.
By default, the mapping relation between tag/cos and the egress queue is:
0-TC1, 1-TC0, 2-TC0, 3-TC1, 4-TC2, 5-TC2, 6-TC3, 7-TC3
2.
Among the priority levels TC0-TC3, the bigger value, the higher
priority.
Example
Map CoS 5 to TC 2.:
TL-SG2424P(config)# qos queue cos-map 5 2
qos queue dscp-map
Description
The qos queue dscp-map command is used to configure the mapping relation
between DSCP Priority and the CoS value. To return to the default configuration,
please use no qos queue dscp-map command. DSCP (DiffServ Code Point) is
a new definition to IP ToS field given by IEEE. This field is used to divide IP
datagram into 64 priorities. When DSCP Priority is enabled, IP datagram are
mapped to different priority levels based on DSCP priority mode; non-IP
datagram with IEEE 802.1Q tag are mapped to different priority levels based on
IEEE 802.1P priority mode if IEEE 802.1P Priority is enabled; the untagged
non-IP datagram are mapped based on port priority mode.
Syntax
qos queue dscp-map { dscp-list } { cos-id }
no qos queue dscp-map
Parameter
dscp-list —— List of DSCP value. One or several DSCP values can be typed
using comma to separate. Use a hyphen to designate a range of values, for
instance, 1,4-7,11 indicates choosing 1,4,5,6,7,11. The DSCP value ranges
from 0 to 63.
cos-id —— The priority level the packets with tag are mapped to, which ranges
from CoS 0 to CoS 7.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
79
User Guidelines
By default, the mapping relation between tag and the egress queue is:
(0-7)-CoS 0, (8-15)-CoS 1, (16-23)-CoS 2, (24-31)-CoS 3, (32-39)-CoS 4,
(40-47)-CoS 5, (48-55)-CoS 6, (56-63)-CoS 7.
Example
Map DSCP values 10-12 to CoS 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# qos queue dscp-map 10-12 2
qos queue mode
Description
The qos queue mode command is used to configure the Schedule Mode. To
return to the default configuration, please use no qos queue mode command.
When the network is congested, the program that many packets complete for
resources must be solved, usually in the way of queue scheduling. The switch
will control the forwarding sequence of the packets according to the priority
queues and scheduling algorithms you set. On this switch, the priority levels are
labeled as TC0, TC1… TC3.
Syntax
qos queue mode { sp | wrr | sp+wrr | equ }
no qos queue mode
Parameter
sp —— Strict-Priority Mode. In this mode, the queue with higher priority will
occupy the whole bandwidth. Packets in the queue with lower priority are sent
only when the queue with higher priority is empty.
wrr —— Weight Round Robin Mode. In this mode, packets in all the queues
are sent in order based on the weight value for each queue. The weight value
ratio of TC0, TC1, TC2 and TC3 is 1:2:4:8.
sp+wrr —— Strict-Priority + Weight Round Robin Mode. In this mode, the
switch provides two scheduling groups, SP group and WRR group. Queues in
SP group and WRR group are scheduled strictly based on Strict-Priority mode
while the queues inside WRR group follow the WRR mode. In SP + WRR mode,
TC3 is the SP group; TC0, TC1 and TC2 belong to the WRR group and the
weight value ratio of TC0, TC1 and TC2 is 1:2:4. In this way, when scheduling
queues, the switch allows TC3 to occupy the whole bandwidth following the SP
mode and the TC0, TC1 and TC2 in the WRR group will take up the bandwidth
according to their ratio 1:2:4.
80
equ —— Equal-Mode. In this mode, all the queues occupy the bandwidth
equally. The weight value ratio of all the queues is 1:1:1:1.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Specify the Schedule Mode as Weight Round Robin Mode:
TL-SG2424P(config)# qos queue mode wrr
show qos interface
Description
The show qos interface command is used to display the configuration of QoS
based on port priority.
Syntax
show qos interface [ gigabitEthernet port | range gigabitEthernet port-list ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
port-list —— The list of Ethernet ports.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration of QoS for port 5:
TL-SG2424P# show qos interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/5
Display the configuration of QoS for ports 1-4:
TL-SG2424P# show qos interface range gigabitEthernet 1/0/1-4
show qos cos-map
Description
The show qos cos-map command is used to display the configuration of IEEE
802.1P Priority and the mapping relation between cos-id and tc-id.
Syntax
show qos cos-map
81
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration of IEEE 802.1P Priority and the mapping relation
between cos-id and tc-id:
TL-SG2424P# show qos cos-map
show qos dscp-map
Description
The show qos dscp-map command is used to display the configuration of
DSCP Priority.
Syntax
show qos dscp-map
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration of DSCP Priority:
TL-SG2424P# show qos dscp-map
show qos queue mode
Description
The show qos queue mode command is used to display the schedule rule of
the egress queues.
Syntax
show qos queue mode
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the schedule rule of the egress queues:
TL-SG2424P# show qos queue mode
82
show qos status
Description
The show qos status command is used to display the status of IEEE 802.1P
priority and DSCP priority.
Syntax
show qos status
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the status of IEEE 802.1P priority and DSCP priority:
TL-SG2424P# show qos status
83
Chapter 14 Port Mirror Commands
Port Mirror refers to the process of forwarding copies of packets from one port to a monitoring port.
Usually, the monitoring port is connected to data diagnose device, which is used to analyze the
monitored packets for monitoring and troubleshooting the network.
monitor session destination interface
Description
The monitor session destination interface command is used to configure the
monitoring port. Each monitor session has only one monitoring port. To change
the monitoring port, please use the monitor session destination interface
command by changing the port value. The no monitor session command is
used to delete the corresponding monitor session.
Syntax
monitor session session_num destination interface gigabitEthernet port
no monitor session session_num
Parameter
session_num —— The monitor session number, ranging from 1 to 4.
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Create monitor session 1 and configure port 1 as the monitoring port:
TL-SG2424P(config)#
monitor
session
gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
Delete the monitor session 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# no monitor session 1
84
1
destination
interface
monitor session source interface
Description
The monitor session source interface command is used to configure the
monitored port. To delete the corresponding monitored port, please use no
monitor session source interface command.
Syntax
monitor session session_num source interface gigabitEthernet port-list
mode
no monitor session session_num source interface gigabitEthernet port-list
mode
Parameter
session_num —— The monitor session number, ranging from 1 to 4.
port-list —— List of monitored port. It is multi-optional.
mode —— The monitor mode. There are three options: rx, tx and both. Rx
(ingress monitoring mode), means the incoming packets received by the
monitored port will be copied to the monitoring port. TX (egress monitoring
mode), indicates the outgoing packets sent by the monitored port will be copied
to the monitoring port. Both (ingress and egress monitoring), presents the
incoming packets received and the outgoing packets sent by the monitored port
will both be copied to the monitoring port.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
User Guidelines
1.
The monitoring port is corresponding to current interface configuration
mode.
2.
Monitored ports number is not limited, but it can’t be the monitoring port at
the same time.
3.
Whether the monitoring port and monitored ports are in the same VLAN or
not is not demanded strictly.
4.
The monitoring port and monitored ports cannot be link-aggregation
member.
Example
Create monitor session 1, then configure port 4, 5, 7 as monitored port and
enable ingress monitoring:
85
TL-SG2424P(config)# monitor session 1 source interface gigabitEthernet
1/0/4-5,1/0/7 rx
Delete port 4 in monitor session 1 and its configuration:
TL-SG2424P(config)#
no
monitor
session
1
source
interface
gigabitEthernet 1/0/4 rx
show monitor session
Description
The show monitor session command is used to display the configuration of
port monitoring.
Syntax
show monitor session [session_num]
Parameter
session_num —— The monitor session number, ranging from 1 to 4. It is
optional. By default, the monitoring configuration of all monitor sessions is
displayed.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the monitoring configuration of monitor session 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show monitor session 1
Display the monitoring configuration of all monitor sessions:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show monitor session
86
Chapter 15 Port Isolation Commands
Port Isolation provides a method of restricting traffic flow to improve the network security by
forbidding the port to forward packets to the ports that are not on its forwarding port list.
port isolation
Description
The port isolation command is used to configure the forward port list of a port,
so that this port can only communicate with the ports on its port list. To delete
the corresponding configuration, please use no port isolation command.
Syntax
port isolation gi-forward-list gi-forward-list
no port isolation
Parameter
gi-forward-list —— The list of Ethernet ports.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Set port 1, 2, and 4 to the forward port list of port 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/5
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# port isolation gi-forward-list 1/0/1-2,1/0/4
Set all Ethernet ports to forward port list of port 2, namely restore to the default
setting:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# no port isolation
show port isolation interface
Description
The show port isolation interface command is used to display the forward port
list of a port.
87
Syntax
show port isolation interface [ gigabitEthernet port ]
Parameter
port —— The number of Ethernet port you want to show its forward port list, in
the format of 1/0/2.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the forward-list of port 2:
TL-SG2424P# show port isolation interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
Display the forward-list of all Ethernet ports:
TL-SG2424P# show port isolation interface
88
Chapter 16 Loopback Detection Commands
With loopback detection feature enabled, the switch can detect loops using loopback detection
packets. When a loop is detected, the switch will display an alert or further block the corresponding
port according to the configuration.
loopback-detection (global)
Description
The loopback-detection command is used to enable the loopback detection
function globally. To disable it, please use no loopback detection command.
Syntax
loopback-detection
no loopback-detection
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the loopback detection function globally:
TL-SG2424P(config)# loopback-detection
loopback-detection interval
Description
The loopback-detection interval command is used to define the interval of
sending loopback detection packets from switch ports to network, aiming at
detecting network loops periodically.
Syntax
loopback-detection interval interval-time
Parameter
interval-time —— The interval of sending loopback detection packets. It ranges
from 1 to 1000 seconds. By default, this value is 30.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
89
Example
Specify the interval-time as 50 seconds:
TL-SG2424P(config)# loopback-detection interval 50
loopback-detection recovery-time
Description
The loopback-detection recovery-time command is used to configure the
time after which the blocked port would automatically recover to normal status.
Syntax
loopback-detection recovery-time recovery-time
Parameter
recovery-time —— The time after which the blocked port would automatically
recover to normal status, and the loopback detection would restart. It is integral
times of detection interval, ranging from 3 to 100 and the default value is 3.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the recovery-time as 3 times of detection interval:
TL-SG2424P(config)# loopback-detection recovery-time 3
loopback-detection (interface)
Description
The loopback-detection command is used to enable the loopback detection
function of the specified port. To disable it, please use no loopback-detection
command.
Syntax
loopback-detection
no loopback-detection
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the loopback detection function of ports 1-3:
90
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface range gigabitEthernet 1/0/1-3
TL-SG2424P(Config-if)# loopback-detection
loopback-detection config
Description
The loopback-detection config command is used to configure the
process-mode and recovery-mode for the ports by which the switch copes with
the detected loops.
Syntax
loopback-detection
config [ process-mode
{ alert | port-based
}]
[ recovery-mode { auto | manual }]
Parameter
process-mode —— The mode how the switch processes the detected loops.
Alert: When a loop is detected, display an alert. Port based: When a loop is
detected, display an alert and block the port.
recovery-mode —— The mode how the blocked port recovers to normal status.
Auto: Block status can be automatically removed after recovery time. Manual:
Block status can only be removed manually.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Configure
the
loopback
detection
process-mode
as
port-based
and
recovery-mode as manual for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# loopback-detection config process-mode port-based
recovery-mode manual
loopback-detection recover
Description
The loopback-detection recover command is used to remove the block status
of selected ports, recovering the blocked ports to normal status,
91
Syntax
loopback-detection recover
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Recover the blocked port 2 to normal status:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# loopback-detection recover
show loopback-detection global
Description
The show loopback-detection global command is used to display the global
configuration of loopback detection function such as loopback detection global
status, loopback detection interval and loopback detection recovery time.
Syntax
show loopback-detection global
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the global configuration of loopback detection function:
TL-SG2424P# show loopback-detection global
show loopback-detection interface
Description
The show loopback-detection interface command is used to display the
configuration of loopback detection function and the status of the specified
Ethernet port.
Syntax
show loopback-detection interface [ gigabitEthernet port ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
92
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration of loopback detection function and the status of all
ports:
TL-SG2424P# show loopback-detection interface
Display the configuration of loopback detection function and the status of port 5:
TL-SG2424P# show loopback-detection interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/5
93
Chapter 17 DHCP Filtering Commands
DHCP Filtering functions to monitor the process of hosts obtaining IP addresses from DHCP
Servers by configuring the desired port(s) as Trusted Port(s). Only the hosts connected to the
trusted port(s) can receive DHCP packets from DHCP servers. In this way, the switch can devoid
of DHCP cheating attack which will cause network confusion and security problem.
ip dhcp filtering
Description
The ip dhcp filtering command is used to enable DHCP Filtering function. To
disabe please use no dhcp filtering command.
Syntax
ip dhcp filtering
no ip dhcp filtering
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the DHCP Filtering:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip dhcp filtering
ip dhcp filtering trust
Description
The ip dhcp filtering trust command is used to configure a port to be a Trusted
Port. Only the trusted ports can receive DHCP packets from DHCP servers. To
turn the port back to a distrusted port, please use no ip dhcp filtering trust
command.
Syntax
ip dhcp filtering trust
no ip dhcp filtering trust
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode ( interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
ethernet)
Example
94
Configure port 1 to be a trusted port:
TL-SG2424P(config)#interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
TL-SG2424P(config-if)#ip dhcp filtering trust
show ip dhcp filtering
Description
The show ip dhcp filtering command is used to display the running status of
DHCP Filtering.
Syntax
show ip dhcp filtering
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the running status of DHCP Filtering:
TL-SG2424P#show ip dhcp filtering
show ip dhcp filtering interface
Description
The show ip dhcp filtering interface command is used to display the DHCP
Filtering configuration information of a desired port or of all ports.
Syntax
show ip dhcp filtering interface [ gigabitEthernet port ]
Parameters
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the DHCP Filtering configuration information of all Ethernet ports:
TL-SG2424P#show ip dhcp filtering interface
Display the DHCP Filtering configuration information of port 5:
TL-SG2424P#show ip dhcp filtering interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/5
95
Chapter 18 PoE Commands
PoE (Power over Ethernet) technology describes a system to transmit electrical power along with
data to remote devices over standard twisted-pair cable in an Ethernet network. It is especially
useful for supplying power to IP telephones, wireless LAN access points, cameras and so on.
power inline consumption (global)
Description
The power inline consumption command is used to configure the max power
the PoE switch can supply globally.
Syntax
power inline consumption power-limit
Parameter
power-limit ——The max power the PoE switch can supply, ranging from 1 to
180w. By default, the value is 180.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the max power the PoE switch can supply as 160w:
TL-SG2424P(config)# power inline consumption 160
power profile
Description
The power profile command is used to create a PoE profile for the switch. To
delete the configured PoE profile configuration, please use no power profile
command. PoE Profile is a short cut for the configuration of the PoE port. In a
PoE profile, the PoE status, PoE priority and power limit are configured. You
can specify a PoE profile for each PoE port individually.
Syntax
power profile name [ supply { enable | disable } [ priority { low | middle | high }
[ consumption { power-limit | auto | class1 | class2 | class3 | class4 } ] ] ]
no power profile name
96
Parameter
name —— The PoE profile name, ranging from 1 to 16 characters. If the name
being assigned contains spaces then put it inside double quotes.
supply —— The PoE status of the port in the profile. By default, the PoE status
is “enable”.
priority —— The PoE priority of the port in the profile. The priority levels include
“high”, “middle” and “low” in descending order. When the supply power exceeds
the system power limit, the PD linked to the port with lower priority will be
disconnected. By default, the PoE priority is “low”.
consumption —— The max power the port in the profile can supply, with five
options: “power-limit”, “auto”, ”class1”, “class2”, “class3” and “class4”.
“Power-limit” indicates you can manually enter a value ranging from 1 to 180.
The value is in the unit of 0.1 watt. For instance, if you want to configure the max
power as 5w, you should enter 50. “Auto” indicates the value is assigned
automatically by the PoE switch. “Class1” represents 4w. “Class2” represents
7w. “Class3” represents 15.4w. “Class4” represents 30w.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Create a PoE profile named “IP Camera” whose PoE status is “enable”, PoE
priority is “low” and the power limit is “5w”:
TL-SG2424P(config)# power profile
“IP Camera” supply enable priority
low consumption 50
power time-range
Description
The power time-range command is used to create PoE time-range for the
switch and enter Power Time-range Create Configuration Mode. After a PoE
time-range is created, you need to specify the date and time which has three
mode options: absolute, periodic and holiday. A PoE time-range can implement
multiple time-ranges simultaneously as long as they do not conflict with each
other. To delete the corresponding PoE time-range configuration, please use no
power time-range command. The PoE time-range determines the power
supply time of the switch. You can specify a PoE time-range for each PoE port
individually.
97
Syntax
power time-range name
no power time-range name
Parameter
name —— The PoE time-range name, ranging from 1 to 16 characters.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Create a PoE time-range named “tRange1” for the switch:
TL-SG2424P(config)# power time-range tRange1
power holiday
Description
The power holiday command is used to create PoE holiday for the switch. To
delete the corresponding PoE holiday configuration, please use no power
holiday command.
Syntax
power holiday name start-date start-date end-date end-date
no power holiday name
Parameter
name —— The PoE holiday name, ranging from 1 to 16 characters.
start-date —— The start date of the PoE holiday, in the format of MM/DD, for
instance, 05/01.
end-date ——The end date of the PoE holiday, in the format of MM/DD, for
instance, 05/01.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Create a PoE holiday named “National Day”, and configure the start date as
October 1st and the end date as October 3rd:
TL-SG2424P(config)# power holiday NationalDay start-date 10/01 end-date
10/03
98
absolute
Description
The absolute command is used to create an absolute mode time-range for the
PoE time-range of the switch. The switch will supply power when the specified
absolute time occurs. To delete the corresponding absolute mode time-range
configuration, please use no absolute command.
Syntax
absolute start start-date end end-date
no absolute
Parameter
start-date —— The start date in Absoluteness Mode, in the format of
MM/DD/YYYY.
end-date —— The end date in Absoluteness Mode, in the format of
MM/DD/YYYY.
Command Mode
Power Time-range Create Configuration Mode
Example
Create an absolute mode time-range for the PoE of the switch and specify the
date extending from May 5, 2012 through Oct. 5, 2012:
TL-SG2424P(config)# power time-range tRange1
TL-SG2424P(config-pwr-time-range)# absolute start 05/05/2012 end 10/05/2012
periodic
Description
The periodic command is used to create a periodic mode time-range for the
PoE time-range of the switch. The switch will supply power when the specified
periodic time occurs. To delete the corresponding periodic mode time-range
configuration, please use no periodic command.
Syntax
periodic { [ week-date week-day ] [ time-slice1 time-slice ] [ time-slice2 time-slice ]
[ time-slice3 time-slice ] [ time-slice4 time-slice ] }
no periodic [ week-date | time-slice ]
Parameter
99
week-day —— Periodic Mode, with “1-7”, “daily”, “off-day” and “working-day”
options. “1-7” should be entered in the format of 1-3, 7 which represent Monday,
Tuesday, Wednesday and Sunday. “Daily” represents every day. “Off-day”
represents weekend. “Working-day” represents working day.
time-slice —— Create time-slice, in the format of HH:MM-HH:MM.
Command Mode
Power Time-range Create Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the PoE time-range named “tRange2” as a periodic time-range and
specify the date and time as 8:30 to 12:00 on weekends:
TL-SG2424P(config)# power time-range tRange2
TL-SG2424P(config-pwr-time-range)# periodic week-date off-day time-slice1
08:30-12:00
holiday
Description
The holiday command is used to create holiday mode time-range for the PoE
time-range of the switch. When the PoE holiday which is excluded from PoE
time-range occurs, the switch will not supply power.
Syntax
holiday { exclude | include }
Parameter
exclude —— Indicates the PoE time-range of the switch excluding the PoE
holiday. When PoE holiday occurs, the switch will not supply power.
include —— Indicates the PoE time-range of the switch including the PoE
holiday. It is the default option. When PoE holiday occurs, the switch will supply
power.
Command Mode
Power Time-range Create Configuration Mode
Example
Create a holiday mode time-range for the PoE time-range named “tRange3” and
configure PoE time-range of the switch excludes the PoE holiday:
TL-SG2424P(config)# power time-range tRange3
TL-SG2424P(config-pwr-time-range)# holiday exclude
100
power inline consumption (interface)
Description
The power inline consumption command is used to configure the power limit
the corresponding port can supply.
Syntax
power inline consumption { power-limit | auto | class1 | class2 | class3 | class4 }
Parameter
power-limit ——The max power the port in the profile can supply, with five
options: “power-limit”, “auto”, ”class1”, “class2”, “class3” and “class4”.
“Power-limit” indicates you can manually enter a value ranging from 1 to 180.
The value is in the unit of 0.1 watt. For instance, if you want to configure the max
power as 5w, you should enter 50. “Auto” indicates the value is assigned
automatically by the PoE switch. “Class1” represents 4w. “Class2” represents
7w. “Class3” represents 15.4w. “Class4” represents 30w.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Configure the power limit as “5w” for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# power inline consumption 50
power inline priority
Description
The power inline priority command is used to configure the PoE priority for the
corresponding port
Syntax
power inline priority { low | middle | high }
Parameter
priority ——The PoE priority of the port. The priority levels include “high”,
“middle” and “low” in descending order. When the supply power exceeds the
system power limit, the PD linked to the port with lower priority will be
disconnected. By default, the priority level is “low”.
101
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Configure the PoE priority as “low” for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# power inline priority low
power inline supply
Description
The power inline supply command is used to configure the PoE status of the
corresponding port.
Syntax
power inline supply { enable | disable }
Parameter
enable | disable —— The PoE status of the port. By default, the PoE status is
“enable”.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the PoE feature for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# power inline supply enable
power inline profile
Description
The power inline profile command is used to bind a PoE profile to the
corresponding port. To cancel the bind relation, please use no power inline
profile command.
Syntax
power inline profile name
no power inline profile
102
Parameter
name —— The name of the PoE profile to be bound to the port. If the name
being assigned contains spaces then put it inside double quotes.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Bind the PoE profile named “IP Camera” to port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# power inline profile “IP Camera”
power inline time-range
Description
The power inline time-range command is used to bind a PoE time-range to the
corresponding port. To cancel the bind relation, please use no power inline
time-range command.
Syntax
power inline time-range name
no power inline time-range
Parameter
name —— The name of the PoE time-range to be bound to the port.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode
Example
Bind the PoE time-range named “tRange2" to port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# power inline time-range tRange2
show power inline
Description
The show power inline command is used to display the global PoE information
of the system.
103
Syntax
show power inline
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the PoE information of the system:
TL-SG2424P# show power inline
show power inline configuration interface
Description
The show power inline configuration interface command is used to display
the PoE configuration of the certain port.
Syntax
show power inline configuration interface [ gigabitEthernet port ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the PoE configuration of all ports:
TL-SG2424P# show power inline configuration interface
show power inline information interface
Description
The show power inline information command is used to display the PoE
information of the certain port.
Syntax
show power inline information interface [ gigabitEthernet port ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
104
Example
Display the PoE information of all ports:
TL-SG2424P# show power inline information interface
show power profile
Description
The show power profile command is used to display the defined PoE profile.
Syntax
show power profile
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the defined PoE profile:
TL-SG2424P# show power profile
show power holiday
Description
The show power holiday command is used to display the defined PoE holiday.
Syntax
show power holiday
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the defined PoE holiday:
TL-SG2424P# show power holiday
show power time-range
Description
The show power time-range command is used to display the configuration of
PoE time-range.
Syntax
105
show power time-range
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration of PoE time-range:
TL-SG2424P# show power time-range
106
Chapter 19 MSTP Commands
MSTP (Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol), compatible with both STP and RSTP and subject to
IEEE 802.1s, can disbranch a ring network. STP is to block redundant links and backup links as
well as optimize paths.
spanning-tree (global)
Description
The spanning-tree command is used to enable STP function globally. To
disable the STP function, please use no spanning-tree command.
Syntax
spanning-tree
no spanning-tree
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the STP function:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree
spanning-tree (interface)
Description
The spanning-tree command is used to enable STP function for a port. To
disable the STP function, please use no spanning-tree command.
Syntax
spanning-tree
no spanning-tree
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the STP function for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
107
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# spanning-tree
spanning-tree common-config
Description
The spanning-tree common-config command is used to configure the
parameters of the ports for comparison in the CIST and the common parameters
of all instances. To return to the default configuration, please use no
spanning-tree common-config command. CIST (Common and Internal
Spanning Tree) is the spanning tree in a switched network, connecting all
devices in the network.
Syntax
spanning-tree common-config [ port-priority pri ] [ ext-cost ext-cost ]
[ int-cost int-cost ] [ portfast { enable | disable }] [ point-to-point { auto | open |
close }]
no spanning-tree common-config
Parameter
pri —— Port Priority, which must be multiple of 16 ranging from 0 to 240. By
default, the port priority is 128. Port Priority is an important criterion on
determining if the port connected to this port will be chosen as the root port. In
the same condition, the port with the highest priority will be chosen as the root
port. The lower value has the higher priority.
ext-cost —— External Path Cost, which is used to choose the path and
calculate the path costs of ports in different MST regions. It is an important
criterion on determining the root port. The lower value has the higher priority. It
ranges from o to 2000000. By default, it is 0 which is mean auto.
int-cost —— Internal Path Cost, which is used to choose the path and calculate
the path costs of ports in an MST region. It is an important criterion on
determining the root port. The lower value has the higher priority. By default, it is
automatic. It ranges from o to 2000000. By default, it is 0 which is mean auto.
portfast —— Enable/ Disable Edge Port. By default, it is disabled. The edge
port can transit its state from blocking to forwarding rapidly without waiting for
forward delay.
point-to-point —— The P2P link status, with auto, open and close options. By
default, the option is auto. If the two ports in the P2P link are root port or
designated port, they can transit their states to forwarding rapidly to reduce the
unnecessary forward delay.
108
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the STP function of port 1, and configure the Port Priority as 64, ExtPath
Cost as 100, IntPath Cost as 100, and then enable Edge Port:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# spanning-tree common-config port-priority 64
ext-cost 100 int-cost 100 portfast enable point-to-point open
spanning-tree mode
Description
The spanning-tree mode command is used to configure the STP mode of the
switch. To return to the default configurations, please use no spanning-tree
mode command.
Syntax
spanning-tree mode { stp | rstp | mstp }
no spanning-tree mode
Parameter
stp ——Spanning Tree Protocol, the default value.
rstp ——Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
mstp ——Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the spanning-tree mode as mstp:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree mode mstp
spanning-tree mst configuration
Description
The spanning-tree mst configuration command is used to access MST
Configuration Mode from Global Configuration Mode, as to configure the
VLAN-Instance mapping, region name and revision level. To return to the
109
default
configuration
of
the
corresponding
Instance,
please
use
no
spanning-tree mst configuration command.
Syntax
spanning-tree mst configuration
no spanning-tree mst configuration
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enter into the MST configuration mode:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree mst configuration
instantce
Description
The instance command is used to configure the VLAN-Instance mapping. To
remove the VLAN-instance mapping or disable the corresponding instance,
please use no instance command. When an instance is disabled, the related
mapping VLANs will be removed.
Syntax
instance instance-id vlan vlan-id
no instance instance-id [ vlan vlan-id ]
Parameters
instance-id —— Instance ID, ranging from 1 to 8.
vlan-id — — The VLAN ID selected to mapping with the corresponding
instance.
Command Mode
MST Configuration Mode
Example
Map the VLANs 1-100 to Instance 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree mst configuration
TL-SG2424P(config-mst)# instance 1 vlan 1-100
Disable Instance 1, namely remove all the maping VLANs 1-100:
TL- SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree mst configuration
TL- SG2424P(config-mst)# no instance 1
110
Remove VLANs 1-50 in maping VLANs 1-100 for Instance 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree mst configuration
TL-SG2424P(config-mst)# no instance 1 vlan 1-50
name
Description
The name command is used to configure the region name of MST instance.
Syntax
name name
Parameters
name —— The region name, used to identify MST region. It ranges from 1 to
32 characters.
Command Mode
MST Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the region name of MST as “region1”:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree mst configuration
TL-SG2424P(config-mst)# name region1
revision
Description
The revision command is used to configure the revision level of MST instance.
Syntax
revision revision
Parameters
revision —— The revision level for MST region identification, ranging from 0 to
65535.
Command Mode
MST Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the revision level of MST as 100:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree mst configuration
111
TL-SG2424P(config-mst)# revison 100
spanning-tree mst instance
Description
The spanning-tree mst instance command is used to configure the priority of
MST instance. To return to the default value of MST instance priority, please use
no spanning-tree mst instance command.
Syntax
spanning-tree mst instance instance-id priority pri
no spanning-tree mst instance instance-id priority
Parameter
instance-id —— Instance ID, ranging from 1 to 8.
pri —— MSTI Priority, which must be multiple of 4096 ranging from 0 to 61440.
By default, it is 32768. MSTI priority is an important criterion on determining if
the switch will be chosen as the root bridge in the specific instance.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the MST Instance 1 and configure its priority as 4096:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree mst instance 1 priority 4096
spanning-tree mst
Description
The spanning-tree mst command is used to configure MST Instance Port. To
return to the default configuration of the corresponding Instance Port, please
use no spanning-tree mst command. A port can play different roles in different
spanning tree instance. You can use this command to configure the parameters
of the ports in different instance IDs as well as view status of the ports in the
specified instance.
Syntax
spanning-tree mst instance instance-id {[ port-priority pri ] | [ cost cost ]}
no spanning-tree mst instance instance-id
112
Parameter
instance-id —— Instance ID, ranging from 1 to 8.
pri —— Port Priority, which must be multiple of 16 ranging from 0 to 240. By
default, it is 128. Port Priority is an important criterion on determining if the port
will be chosen as the root port by the device connected to this port.
cost —— Path Cost, ranging from 0 to 200000. The lower value has the higher
priority. Its default value is 0 meaning “auto”.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Configure the priority of port 1 in MST Instance 1 as 64, and path cost as 2000:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# spanning-tree mst instance 1 port-priority 64 cost
2000
spanning-tree priority
Description
The spanning-tree priority command is used to configure the bridge priority. To
return to the default value of bridge priority, please use no spanning-tree
priority command.
Syntax
spanning-tree priority pri
no spanning-tree priority
Parameter
pri —— Bridge priority, ranging from 0 to 61440. It is 32768 by default.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the bridge priority as 4096:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree priority 4096
113
spanning-tree tc-defend
Description
The spanning-tree tc-defend command is used to configure the TC Protect of
Spanning Tree globally. To return to the default configuration, please use no
spanning-tree tc-defend command. A switch removes MAC address entries
upon receiving TC-BPDUs. If a malicious user continuously sends TC-BPDUs to
a switch, the switch will be busy with removing MAC address entries, which may
decrease the performance and stability of the network.
Syntax
spanning-tree tc-defend threshold threshold period period
no spanning-tree tc-defend
Parameter
threshold —— TC Threshold, ranging from 1 to 100 packets. By default, it is 20.
TC Threshold is the maximum number of the TC-BPDUs received by the switch
in a TC Protect Cycle.
period —— TC Protect Cycle, ranging from 1 to 10 in seconds. By default, it is
5.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure TC Threshold as 30 packets and TC Protect Cycle as 10 seconds:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree tc-defend threshold 30 period 10
spanning-tree timer
Description
The spanning-tree timer command is used to configure forward-time,
hello-time and max-age of Spanning Tree. To return to the default configurations,
please use no spanning-tree timer command.
Syntax
spanning-tree timer {[ forward-time forward-time ] [ hello-time hello-time ]
[ max-age max-age ]}
no spanning-tree timer
114
Parameter
forward-time —— Forward Delay, which is the time for the port to transit its
state after the network topology is changed. Forward Delay ranges from 4 to 30
in seconds and it is 15 by default. Otherwise, 2 * (Forward Delay - 1) >= Max
Age.
hello-time ——Hello Time, which is the interval to send BPDU packets, and
used to test the links. Hello Time ranges from 1 to 10 in seconds and it is 2 by
default. Otherwise, 2 * (Hello Time + 1) <= Max Age.
max-age —— The maximum time the switch can wait without receiving a
BPDU before attempting to reconfigure, ranging from 6 to 40 in seconds. By
default, it is 20.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure forward-time, hello-time and max-age for Spanning Tree as 16
seconds, 3 seconds and 22 seconds respectively:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree timer forward-time 16 hello-time 3
max-age 22
spanning-tree hold-count
Description
The spanning-tree hold-count command is used to configure the maximum
number of BPDU packets transmitted per Hello Time interval. To return to the
default configurations, please use no spanning-tree hold-count command.
Syntax
spanning-tree hold-count value
no spanning-tree hold-count
Parameter
value —— The maximum number of BPDU packets transmitted per Hello Time
interval, ranging from 1 to 20 in pps. By default, it is 5.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the hold-count of STP as 8pps:
115
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree hold-count 8
spanning-tree max-hops
Description
The spanning-tree max-hops command is used to configure the maximum
number of hops that occur in a specific region before the BPDU is discarded. To
return to the default configurations, please use no spanning-tree max-hops
command.
Syntax
spanning-tree max-hops value
no spanning-tree max-hops
Parameter
value —— The maximum number of hops that occur in a specific region before
the BPDU is discarded, ranging from 1 to 40 in hop. By default, it is 20.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the max-hops of STP as 30:
TL-SG2424P(config)# spanning-tree max-hops 30
spanning-tree bpdufilter
Description
The spanning-tree bpdufilter command is used to enable the BPDU filter
function for a port. With the function enabled, the port can be prevented from
receiving and sending any BPDU packets. To disable the BPDU filter function,
please use no spanning-tree bpdufilter command.
Syntax
spanning-tree bpdufilter
no spanning-tree bpdufilter
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
116
Example
Enable the BPDU filter function for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# spanning-tree bpdufilter
spanning-tree bpduguard
Description
The spanning-tree bpduguard command is used to enable the BPDU protect
function for a port. With the BPDU protect function enabled, the port will set itself
automatically as ERROR-PORT when it receives BPDU packets, and the port
will disable the forwarding function for a while. To disable the BPDU protect
function, please use no spanning-tree bpduguard command.
Syntax
spanning-tree bpduguard
no spanning-tree bpduguard
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the BPDU protect function for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# spanning-tree bpduguard
spanning-tree guard loop
Description
The spanning-tree guard loop command is used to enable the Loop Protect
function for a port. Loop Protect is to prevent the loops in the network brought by
recalculating STP because of link failures and network congestions. To disable
the Loop Protect function, please use no spanning-tree guard loop command.
Syntax
spanning-tree guard loop
no spanning-tree guard loop
117
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the Loop Protect function for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# spanning-tree guard loop
spanning-tree guard root
Description
The spanning-tree guard root command is used to enable the Root Protect
function for a port. With the Root Protect function enabled, the root bridge will
set itself automatically as ERROR-PORT when receiving BPDU packets with
higher priority, in order to maintain the role of root ridge. To disable the Root
Protect function, please use no spanning-tree guard root command.
Syntax
spanning-tree guard root
no spanning-tree guard root
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the Root Protect function for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# spanning-tree guard root
spanning-tree guard tc
Description
The spanning-tree guard tc command is used to enable the TC Protect of
Spanning Tree function for a port. To disable the TC Protect of Spanning Tree
function, please use no spanning-tree guard tc command. A switch removes
MAC address entries upon receiving TC-BPDUs. If a malicious user
continuously sends TC-BPDUs to a switch, the switch will be busy with
118
removing MAC address entries, which may decrease the performance and
stability of the network. With the Protect of Spanning Tree function enabled, you
can configure the number of TC-BPDUs in a required time, so as to avoid the
process of removing MAC addresses frequently.
Syntax
spanning-tree guard tc
no spanning-tree guard tc
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the TC Protect of Spanning Tree for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# spanning-tree guard tc
spanning-tree mcheck
Description
The spanning-tree mcheck command is used to enable MCheck.
Syntax
spanning-tree mcheck
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable MCheck for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# spanning-tree mcheck
show spanning-tree active
Description
The show spanning-tree active command is used to display the active
information of spanning-tree.
119
Syntax
show spanning-tree active
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the active information of spanning-tree:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show spanning-tree active
show spanning-tree bridge
Description
The show spanning-tree bridge command is used to display the bridge
parameters.
Syntax
show spanning-tree bridge [ forward-time | hello-time | hold-count | max-age |
max-hops | mode | priority | state ]
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the bridge parameters:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show spanning-tree bridge
show spanning-tree interface
Description
The show spanning-tree interface command is used to display the
spanning-tree information of all ports or a specified port.
Syntax
show spanning-tree interface [ gigabitEthernet port ] [ edge | ext-cost |
int-cost | mode | p2p | priority | role | state | status ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
120
Example
Display the spanning-tree information of all ports:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show spanning-tree interface
Display the spanning-tree information of port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show spanning-tree interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
Display the spanning-tree mode information of port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show spanning-tree interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
mode
show spanning-tree interface-security
Description
The show spanning-tree interface-security command is used to display the
protect information of all ports or a specified port.
Syntax
show spanning-tree interface-security [ gigabitEthernet port ] [ bpdufilter |
bpduguard | loop | root | tc | tc-defend ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the protect information of all ports:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show spanning-tree interface-security
Display the protect information of port 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)#show
spanning-tree
interface-security
gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
Display the interface security bpdufilter information:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show spanning-tree interface-security bpdufilter
121
show spanning-tree mst
Description
The show spanning-tree mst command is used to display the related
information of MST Instance.
Syntax
show spanning-tree mst { configuration [ digest ] | instance instance-id
[ interface [ gigabitEthernet port ]]}
Parameter
instance-id —— Instance ID desired to show, ranging from 1 to 8.
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the related information of MST Instance 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show spanning-tree mst instance 1
122
Chapter 20 IGMP Commands
IGMP Snooping (Internet Group Management Protocol Snooping) is a multicast control
mechanism running on Layer 2 switch. It can effectively prevent multicast groups being
broadcasted in the network.
ip igmp snooping (global)
Description
The ip igmp snooping command is used to configure IGMP Snooping globally.
To disable the IGMP Snooping function, please use no ip igmp snooping
command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping
no ip igmp snooping
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable IGMP Snooping function:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping
ip igmp snooping (interface)
Description
The ip igmp snooping command is used to enable the IGMP Snooping
function for the desired port. To disable the IGMP Snooping function, please use
no ip igmp snooping command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping
no ip igmp snooping
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable IGMP Snooping function of port 3:
123
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# ip igmp snooping
ip igmp snooping immediate-leave
Description
The ip igmp snooping immediate-leave command is used to configure the
Fast Leave function for port. To disable the Fast Leave function, please use no
ip igmp snooping immediate-leave command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping immediate-leave
no ip igmp snooping immediate-leave
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the Fast Leave function for port 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# ip igmp snooping immediate-leave
ip igmp snooping drop-unknown
Description
The ip igmp snooping drop-unknown command is used to process the
unknown multicast as discard. To disable the operation of processing the
unknown
multicast
as
discard,
please
use
no
ip
igmp
drop-unknown command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping drop-unknown
no ip igmp snooping drop-unknown
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Specify the operation to process unknown multicast as discard:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping drop-unknown
124
snooping
ip igmp snooping vlan-config
Description
The ip igmp snooping vlan-config command is used to enable VLAN IGMP
Snooping function or to modify IGMP Snooping parameters, and to create static
multicast IP entry. To disable the VLAN IGMP Snooping function, please use no
ip igmp snooping vlan-config command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping vlan-config vlan-id-list [ rtime router-time | mtime
member-time | ltime leave-time | rport interface gigabitEthernet port ]
ip igmp snooping vlan-config vlan-id static ip interface gigabitEthernet port
no ip igmp snooping vlan-config vlan-id-list
no ip igmp snooping vlan-config vlan-id static ip
Parameter
vlan-id-list —— The ID list of the VLAN desired to modify configuration, ranging
from 2 to 4094, in the format of 1-3, 5.
router-time —— Router Port Time. Within this time, if the switch does not
receive IGMP query message from the router port, it will consider this port is not
a router port any more. Router Port Time ranges from 60 to 600 in seconds. By
default, it is 300.
member-time —— Member Port Time. Within this time, if the switch does not
receive IGMP report message from the member port, it will consider this port is
not a member port any more. Member Port Time ranges from 60 to 600 in
seconds. By default, it is 260.
leave-time —— Leave Time, which is the interval between the switch receiving
a leave message from a host and the switch removing the host from the
multicast groups. Leave Time ranges from 1 to 30 in seconds. By default, it is 1.
port —— The Ethernet port number.
vlan-id —— The VLAN ID of the multicast IP, ranging from 1 to 4094.
ip —— The static multicast IP address.
port-list —— The list of Ethernet ports.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
125
Example
Enable the IGMP Snooping function and modify Router Port Time as 300
seconds, Member Port Time as 200 seconds for VLAN1-3, and set the Leave
time as 15 seconds for VLAN1-2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan-config 1-3 rtime 300
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan-config 1-3 mtime 200
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan-config 1-2 ltime 15
Add static multicast IP address 225.0.0.1, which correspond to VLAN 2, and
configure the forward port as port 1-3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping vlan-config 2 static 225.0.0.1
interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1-3
ip igmp snooping multi-vlan-config
Description
The ip igmp snooping multi-vlan-config command is used to create Multicast
VLAN. To delete the corresponding Multicast VLAN, please use no ip igmp
snooping multi-vlan-config command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping multi-vlan-config [ vlan-id ] [ rtime router-time | mtime
member-time | ltime leave-time | rport interface gigabitEthernet port ]
no ip igmp snooping multi-vlan-config
Parameter
vid —— The ID of the VLAN desired to modify configuration, ranging from 2 to
4094.
router-time —— Router Port Time. Within this time, if the switch does not
receive IGMP query message from the router port, it will consider this port is not
a router port any more. Router Port Time ranges from 60 to 600 in seconds. By
default, it is 300.
member-time —— Member Port Time. Within this time, if the switch does not
receive IGMP report message from the member port, it will consider this port is
not a member port any more. Member Port Time ranges from 60 to 600 in
seconds. By default, it is 260.
126
leave-time —— Leave Time, which is the interval between the switch receiving
a leave message from a host and the switch removing the host from the
multicast groups. Leave Time ranges from 1 to 30 in seconds. By default, it is 1.
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable Multicast VLAN 3, and configure Router Port Time as 100 seconds,
Member Port Time 100 seconds, Leave Time 3 seconds, and Static Router Port
port 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping multi-vlan-config 3 rtime 100
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping multi-vlan-config 3 mtime 100
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping multi-vlan-config 3 ltime 3
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping multi-vlan-config 3 rport interface
gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
ip igmp snooping filter add-id
Description
The ip igmp snooping filter add-id command is used to configure the
multicast IP-range desired to filter. To delete the corresponding IP-range, please
use no ip igmp snooping filter add-id command. When IGMP Snooping is
enabled, you can specified the multicast IP-range the ports can join so as to
restrict users ordering multicast programs via configuring multicast filter rules.
Multicast IP addresses ranges from 224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255. The range
for receivers to join is from 224.0.1.0 to 239.255.255.255.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping filter addr-id addr-id list
no ip igmp snooping filter addr-id addr-id list
Parameter
addr-id list —— The filtering address ID to be bound.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
127
Example
Bind the filtering address ID 2-6 to port 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# ip igmp snooping filter addr-id 2-6
ip igmp snooping filter (global)
Description
The ip igmp snooping filter command is used to add or modify the multicast
filtering IP-range. To delete the multicast filtering IP-range, please use no ip
igmp snooping filter command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping filter id start-ip end-ip
no ip igmp snooping filter id
Parameter
id —— IP-range ID, ranging from 1 to 30.
start-ip —— The start multicast IP of the IP-range.
end-ip —— The end multicast IP of the IP-range.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Modify the multicast IP-range whose ID is 3 as 225.1.1.1~226.3.2.1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# ip igmp snooping filter 3 225.1.1.1 226.3.2.1
ip igmp snooping filter (interface)
Description
The ip igmp snooping filter command is used to configure Port Filter. To return
to the default configuration, please use no igmp snooping filter command.
When the switch receives IGMP report message, it examines the multicast
filtering IP ID configured on the access port to determine if the port can join the
multicast group. If the multicast IP is not filtered, the switch will add the port to
the forward port list of the multicast group. Otherwise, the switch will drop the
IGMP report message. In that way, you can control the multicast groups that
users can access.
128
Syntax
ip igmp snooping filter
no ip igmp snooping filter
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable IGMP Snooping filter function for port 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# ip igmp snooping filter
ip igmp snooping filter maxgroup
Description
The ip igmp snooping filter maxgroup command is used to specify the
maximum number of multicast groups for a port to join in.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping filter maxgroup maxgroup
Parameter
maxgroup —— The maximum number of multicast groups for a port to join in. It
is used to prevent some ports taking up too much bandwidth.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Specify the maximum number of multicast groups for ports 2-5 to join in as 10:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface range gigabitEthernet 1/0/2-5
TL-SG2424P(config-if-range)# ip igmp snooping filter maxgroup 10
ip igmp snooping filter mode
Description
The ip igmp snooping filter mode command is used to configure the Action
mode for the desired port.
129
Syntax
ip igmp snooping filter mode mode
Parameter
mode —— Action Mode, with refuse and accept options. Refuse indicates only
the multicast packets whose multicast IP is not in the IP-range will be processed,
while accept indicates only the multicast packets whose multicast IP is in the
IP-range will be processed. By default, the option is “accept”.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Specify the Action Mode as accept for port 3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/3
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# ip igmp snooping filter mode accept
show ip igmp snooping
Description
The show ip igmp snooping command is used to display the global
configuration of IGMP snooping.
Syntax
show ip igmp snooping
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the global configuration of IGMP:
TL-SG2424P# show ip igmp snooping
show ip igmp snooping interface
Description
The show ip igmp snooping interface command is used to display the port
configuration of IGMP snooping.
130
Syntax
show ip igmp snooping interface gigabitEthernet [ port | port-list ]
{ basic-config | filter | packet-stat }
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
port-list —— The list of Ethernet ports.
basic-config | filter | packet-stat —— The related configuration information
selected to display.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the IGMP filter configuration of all ports:
TL-SG2424P# show ip igmp snooping interface gigabitEthernet filter
Display the IGMP basic configuration of port 2:
TL-SG2424P# show ip igmp snooping interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
basic-config
Display the IGMP packet statistics of ports 1-4:
TL-SG2424P# show ip igmp snooping interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1-4
packet-stat
show ip igmp snooping vlan
Description
The show ip igmp snooping vlan command is used to display the VLAN
configuration of IGMP snooping.
Syntax
show ip igmp snooping vlan [ vlan-id ]
Parameter
vlan-id ——The VLAN ID selected to display.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the IGMP snooping configuration information of VLAN 2:
131
TL-SG2424P# show ip igmp snooping vlan 2
show ip igmp snooping multi-vlan
Description
The show ip igmp snooping multi-vlan command is used to display the
Multicast VLAN configuration.
Syntax
show ip igmp snooping multi-vlan
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the Multicast VLAN configuration:
TL-SG2424P# show ip igmp snooping multi-vlan
show ip igmp snooping groups
Description
The show ip igmp snooping groups command is used to display the
information of all IGMP snooping groups. It can be extended to some other
commands to display the dynamic and static multicast information of a selected
VALN.
Syntax
show ip igmp snooping groups [ vlan vlan-id ] [ count | dynamic | dynamic
count | static | static count ]
Parameter
vlan-id ——The VLAN ID selected to display the information of all multicast
items.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the information of all IGMP snooping groups:
TL-SG2424P#show ip igmp snooping groups
Display all the multicast entries in VLAN 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)#show ip igmp snooping groups vlan 5
132
Display the count of multicast entries in VLAN 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)#show ip igmp snooping groups vlan 5 count
Display the dynamic multicast groups of VLAN 5
TL-SG2424P(config)#show ip igmp snooping groups vlan 5 dynamic
Display the static multicast groups of VLAN 5
TL-SG2424P(config)#show ip igmp snooping groups vlan 5 static
Display the count of dynamic multicast entries of VLAN 5
TL-SG2424P(config)#show ip igmp snooping groups vlan 5 dynamic count
Display the count of static multicast entries of VLAN 5
TL-SG2424P(config)#show ip igmp snooping groups vlan 5 static count
show ip igmp snooping filter
Description
The show ip igmp snooping filter command is used to display the Multicast
Filter Address table.
Syntax
show ip igmp snooping filter [ filter-addr-id-list ]
Parameter
filter-addr-id-list ——The multicast ID selected to display the multicast filter
address information. It is optional.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display all the multicast filter address information:
TL-SG2424P(config)# show ip igmp snooping filter
133
Chapter 21 SNMP Commands
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) functions are used to manage the network devices
for a smooth communication, which can facilitate the network administrators to monitor the
network nodes and implement the proper operation.
snmp-server
Description
The snmp-server command is used to enable the SNMP function. By default, it
is disabled. To return to the default configuration, please use no snmp-server
command.
Syntax
snmp-server
no snmp-server
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable the SNMP function:
TL-SG2424P(config)# snmp-server
snmp-server view
Description
The snmp-server view command is used to add View. To delete the
corresponding View, please use no snmp-server view command. The OID
(Object Identifier) of the SNMP packets is used to describe the managed objects
of the switch, and the MIB (Management Information Base) is the set of the
OIDs. The SNMP View is created for the SNMP management station to manage
MIB objects.
Syntax
snmp-server view name mib-oid { include | exclude }
no snmp-server view name mib-oid
Parameter
name —— The entry name of View, ranging from 1 to 16 characters. Each
View includes several entries with the same name.
134
mib-oid —— MIB Object ID. It is the Object Identifier (OID) for the entry of View,
ranging from 1 to 61 characters.
include | exclude —— View Type, with include and exclude options. They
represent the view entry can/cannot be managed by the SNMP management
station individually.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Add a View named view1, configuring the OID as 1.3.6.1.6.3.20, and this OID
can be managed by the SNMP management station:
TL-SG2424P(config)# snmp-server view view1 1.3.6.1.6.3.20 include
snmp-server group
Description
The snmp-server group command is used to manage and configure the SNMP
group. To delete the corresponding SNMP group, please use no snmp-server
group command. SNMP v3 provides the VACM (View-based Access Control
Model) and USM (User-Based Security Model) mechanisms for authentication.
The users in the SNMP Group can manage the device via the Read View, Write
View and Notify View. And the authentication mode and the privacy mode
guarantee the high security for the communication between the management
station and the managed device.
Syntax
snmp-server group name [ smode { v1 | v2c | v3 }] [ slev { noAuthNoPriv |
authNoPriv | authPriv }] [ read read-view ] [ write write-view ] [ notify
notify-view ]
no snmp-server group name smode { v1 | v2c | v3 } slev { noAuthNoPriv |
authNoPriv | authPriv }
Parameter
name ——The SNMP Group name, ranging from 1 to 16 characters. The Group
Name, Security Model and Security Level compose the identifier of the SNMP
Group. These three items of the Users in one group should be the same.
smode —— Security Model, with v1、v2c and v3 options. They represent
SNMP v1, SNMP v2c and SNMP v3.
slev —— The Security Level of SNMP v3 Group. There are three options,
including noAuthNoPriv (no authorization and no encryption)、authNoPriv
(authorization and no encryption) and authPriv(authorization and encryption).
135
By default, the Security Level is noAuthNoPriv. There is no need to configure
this in SNMP v1 Mode and SNMP v2c Mode.
read-view —— Select the View to be the Read View. The management access
is restricted to read-only, and changes cannot be made to the assigned SNMP
View.
write-view —— Select the View to be the Write View. The management access
is writing only and changes can be made to the assigned SNMP View. The View
defined both as the Read View and the Write View can be read and modified.
notify-view —— Select the View to be the Notify View. The management
station can receive notification messages of the assigned SNMP view
generated by the switch's SNMP agent.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
Example
Add a group, and configure the name as group 1, the Security Model as SNMP
v3, the security level as authNoPriv, the management access to the assigned
View viewDefault as read-write, besides the notification messages sent by View
viewDefault can be received by Management station:
TL-SG2424P(config)# snmp-server group group1 smode v3 slev authNoPriv
read viewDefault write viewDefault notify viewDefault
Delete group 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# no snmp-server group group1 smode v3 slev
authNoPriv
snmp-server user
Description
The snmp-server user command is used to add User. To delete the
corresponding User, please use no snmp-server user command. The User in a
SNMP Group can manage the switch via the management station software. The
User and its Group have the same security level and access right.
Syntax
snmp-server user name { local | remote } group-name [ smode { v1 | v2c | v3 }]
[ slev { noAuthNoPriv | authNoPriv | authPriv }] [ cmode { none | MD5 | SHA }]
[ cpwd confirm-pwd ] [ emode { none | DES }] [ epwd encrypt-pwd ]
no snmp-server user name
136
Parameter
name —— User Name, ranging from 1 to 16 characters.
local | remote —— User Type, with local and remote options. Local indicates
that the user is connected to a local SNMP engine, while remote means that the
user is connected to a remote SNMP engine.
group-name —— The Group Name of the User. The User is classified to the
corresponding Group according to its Group Name, Security Model and Security
Level.
smode —— The Security Model of the User, with v1, v2c and v3 options. By
default, the option is v1. The Security Model of the User must be the same with
that of the Group which the User belongs to.
slev —— The Security Level of SNMP v3 Group. There are three options,
including noAuthNoPriv (no authorization and no encryption), authNoPriv
(authorization and no encryption) and authPriv (authorization and encryption).
By default, the option is “noAuthNoPriv”. The Security Level of the User must be
the same with that of the Group which the User belongs to.
cmode —— The Authentication Mode of the SNMP v3 User, with none, MD5
and SHA options. None indicates no authentication method is used, MD5
indicates the port authentication is performed via HMAC-MD5 algorithm and
SHA indicates the port authentication is performed via SHA (Secure Hash
Algorithm). SHA authentication mode has a higher security than MD5 mode. By
default, the Authentication Mode is “none”.
confirm-pwd —— Authentication Password, ranging from 1 to 16 characters.
emode —— The Privacy Mode of the SNMP v3 User, with none and DES
options. None indicates no privacy method is used, and DES indicates DES
encryption method is used. By default, the Privacy Mode is “none”.
encrypt-pwd —— Privacy Password, ranging from 1 to 16 characters.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Add Local User admin to Group group2, and configure the Security Model of the
user as v3, the Security Level of the group as authPriv, the Authentication Mode
of the user as MD5, the Authentication Password as 11111, the Privacy Mode as
DES, and the Privacy Password as 22222:
TL-SG2424P(config)# snmp-server user admin local group2 smode v3 slev
authPriv cmode MD5 cpwd 11111 emode DES epwd 22222
137
snmp-server community
Description
The snmp-server community command is used to add Community. To delete
the corresponding Community, please use no snmp-server community
command. SNMP v1 and SNMP v2c adopt community name authentication.
The community name can limit access to the SNMP agent from SNMP network
management station, functioning as a password.
Syntax
snmp-server community name { read-only | read-write } mib-view
no snmp-server community name
Parameter
name —— Community Name, ranging from 1 to 16 characters.
read-only | read-write —— The access rights of the community, with read-only
and read-write options.
mib-view —— The MIB View for the community to access.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Add community public, and the community has read-write management right to
View viewDefault:
TL-SG2424P(config)# snmp-server community public read-write viewDefault
snmp-server host
Description
The snmp-server host command is used to add Notification. To delete the
corresponding Notification, please use no snmp-server host command.
Syntax
snmp-server host ip udp-port user-name [ smode { v1 | v2c | v3 }] [ slev
{ noAuthNoPriv | authNoPriv | authPriv }] [ type { trap | inform }] [ retries retries ]
[ timeout timeout ]
no snmp-server host ip user-name
Parameter
ip —— The IP Address of the management Host.
138
udp-port —— UDP port, which is used to send notifications. The UDP port
functions with the IP address for the notification sending. It ranges from 1 to
65535.
user-name —— The User name of the management station.
smode —— The Security Model of the management station, with v1, v2c and
v3 options. By default, the option is v1.
slev —— The Security Level of SNMP v3 Group. There are three options,
including noAuthNoPriv (no authorization and no encryption), authNoPriv
(authorization and no encryption) and authPriv (authorization and encryption).
By default, the option is “noAuthNoPriv”.
type —— The type of the notifications, with trap and inform options. Trap
indicates traps are sent, while inform indicates informs are sent. The inform type
has a higher security than the trap type and resend and timeout need to be
configured if you select this option. You can only select the trap type in Security
Model v1. By default, the type of the notifications is “trap”.
retries —— The amount of times the switch retries an inform request, ranging
from 1 to 255. The switch will resend the inform request if it doesn’t get the
response from the management station during the Timeout interval, and it will
terminate resending the inform request if the resending times reach the
specified Retry times.
timeout —— The maximum time for the switch to wait for the response from
the management station before resending a request, ranging from 1 to 3600 in
seconds.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Add a Notification entry, and configure the IP Address of the management Host
as 192.168.0.146, the UDP port as 162, the User name of the management
station as admin, the Security Model of the management station as v2c, the type
of the notifications as inform, the maximum time for the switch to wait as 1000
seconds, and the retries time as 100:
TL-SG2424P(config)# snmp-server host 192.168.0.146 162 admin smode
v2c type inform retries 100 timeout 1000
139
snmp-server engineID
Description
The snmp-server engineID command is used to configure the local and remote
engineID of the switch. To restore to the default setting, please use no
snmp-server engineID command.
Syntax
snmp-server engineID { [ local local-engineID ] [ remote remote-engineID ] }
no snmp-server engineID
Parameter
local-engineID —— Local Engine ID for local clients. The Engine ID is a unique
alphanumeric string used to identify the SNMP engine on the switch. Its length
ranges from 10 to 64 hexadecimal characters, which must be even number
meanwhile.
remote-engineID —— Remote Engine ID for the switch. The Engine ID is a
unique alphanumeric string used to identify the SNMP engine on the remote
device which receives informs from the switch. Its length ranges from 10 to 64
hexadecimal characters, which must be even number meanwhile. The
snmp-server engineID will be disabled if the local and remote are both not
configured.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Specify the local engineID as 1234567890, and the remote engineID as
abcdef123456:
TL-SG2424P(config)# snmp-server engineID local 1234567890 remote
abcdef123456
rmon history
Description
The rmon history command is used to configure the history sample entry. To
return to the default configuration, please use no rmon history command.
RMON (Remote Monitoring), basing on SNMP architecture, functions to monitor
the network. History Group is one of the commonly used RMON Groups. After a
history group is configured, the switch collects network statistics information
140
periodically, based on which the management station can monitor network
effectively.
Syntax
rmon history index interface gigabitEthernet port [ interval seconds ]
[ owner owner-name ]
no rmon history index
Parameter
index —— The index number of the entry, ranging from 1 to 12, in the format of
1-3,5.
port ——The Ethernet port number.
seconds —— The interval to take samplings from the port, ranging from 10 to
3600 in seconds. By default, it is 1800.
owner-name —— The owner of the history sample entry, ranging from 1 to 16
characters. By default, it is “monitor”.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the sample port as Gi1/0/2 and the sample interval as 100 seconds
for the entry 1-3:
TL-SG2424P(config)# rmon history 1-3 interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
interval 100 owner owner1
rmon event
Description
The rmon event command is used to configure the entries of SNMP-RMON
Event. To return to the default configuration, please use no rmon event
command. Event Group, as one of the commonly used RMON Groups, is used
to define RMON events. Alarms occur when an event is detected.
Syntax
rmon event index [ user user-name ] [ description descript ] [ type { none | log
| notify | log-notify }] [ owner owner-name ]
no rmon event index
141
Parameter
index —— The index number of the event entry, ranging from 1 to 12. You can
only select one entry for each command.
user-name —— The name of the User to which the event belongs, ranging
from 1 to 16 characters. By default, it is “public”.
descript —— The description of the event, ranging from 1 to 16 characters. By
default, it is empty.
type —— The event type, with none, log, notify and both options. None
indicates no processing, log indicates logging the event, notify indicates sending
trap messages to the management station, and both indicates logging the event
and sending trap messages to the management station.
owner-name — — The owner of the event entry, ranging from 1 to 16
characters. By default, it is “monitor”.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Configure the user name of entry 1, 2, 3 and 4 as user1, the description of the
event as description1, the type of event as log and the owner of the event as
owner1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# rmon event 1-4 user user1 description description1
type log owner owner1
rmon alarm
Description
The rmon alarm command is used to configure SNMP-RMON Alarm
Management. To return to the default configuration, please use no rmon alarm
command. Alarm Group is one of the commonly used RMON Groups. RMON
alarm management allows monitoring the specific alarm variables. When the
value of a monitored variable exceeds the threshold, an alarm event is
generated, which triggers the switch to act in the set way.
Syntax
rmon alarm index interface gigabitEthernet port [ alarm-variable { drop |
revbyte | revpkt | bpkt | mpkt | crc-lign | undersize | oversize | fragment | jabber |
collision | 64 | 65-127 | 128-511 | 512-1023 | 1024-10240 }] [ s-type { absolute |
delta} ] [ rising-threshold r-hold ] [ rising-event-index r-event ] [ falling-threshold
142
f-hold ] [ falling-event-index f-event ] [ a-type { rise | fall | all }] [ owner
owner-name ] [ interval interval ]
no rmon alarm index
Parameter
index —— The index number of the Alarm Management entry, ranging from 1
to 12, in the format of 1-3,5.
port —— The Ethernet port number.
alarm-variable —— The alarm variable. By default, the option is “drop”.
s-type —— Sample Type, which is the sampling method for the selected
variable and comparing the value against the thresholds. There are two options,
absolute and delta. Absolute indicates comparing the values directly with the
thresholds at the end of the sampling interval. Delta indicates subtracting the
last sampled value from the current value, and then comparing the difference in
the values with the threshold. By default, the Sample Type is “absolute”.
r-hold —— The rising counter value that triggers the Rising Threshold alarm,
ranging from 1 to 65535. By default, it is 100.
r-event —— Rise Event, which is the index of the corresponding event which will
be triggered if the sampled value is larger than the Rising Threshold. It ranges
from 1 to 12.
f-hold —— The falling counter value that triggers the Falling Threshold alarm,
ranging from 1 to 65535. By default, it is 100.
f-event —— Fall Event, which is the index of the corresponding event which will
be triggered if the sampled value is lower than the Falling Threshold. It ranges
from 1 to 12.
a-type —— Alarm Type, with rise, fall and all options. Rise indicates that the
alarm event will be triggered when the sampled value exceeds the Rising
Threshold, fall indicates that the alarm event will be triggered when the sampled
value is under the Falling Threshold, and all indicates that the alarm event will
be triggered either the sampled value exceeds the Rising Threshold or is under
the Falling Threshold. By default, the Alarm Type is “all”.
owner-name —— The owner of the entry, ranging from 1 to 16 characters. By
default, it is “monitor”.
interval —— The alarm interval time, ranging from 10 to 3600 in seconds. By
default, it is 1800.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
143
Example
Configure the port of entries of 1,2 and 3 as port 2, the owners as owner1 and
the alarm intervals as 100 seconds
TL-SG2424P(config)# rmon alarm 1-3 interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2 owner
owner1 interval 100
show snmp-server
Description
The show snmp-server command is used to display SNMP configuration
globally.
Syntax
show snmp-server
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display SNMP configuration globally:
TL-SG2424P# show snmp-server
show snmp-server view
Description
The show snmp-server view command is used to display the View table.
Syntax
show snmp-server view
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the View table:
TL-SG2424P# show snmp-server view
show snmp-server group
Description
The show snmp-server group command is used to display the Group table.
144
Syntax
show snmp-server group
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the Group table:
TL-SG2424P# show snmp-server group
show snmp-server user
Description
The show snmp-server user command is used to display the User table.
Syntax
show snmp-server user
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the User table:
TL-SG2424P# show snmp-server user
show snmp-server community
Description
The show snmp-server community command is used to display the
Community table.
Syntax
show snmp-server community
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the Community table:
TL-SG2424P# show snmp-server community
145
show snmp-server host
Description
The show snmp-server host command is used to display the Host table.
Syntax
show snmp-server host
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the Host table:
TL-SG2424P# show snmp-server host
show snmp-server engineID
Description
The show snmp-server engineID command is used to display the engineID of
the SNMP.
Syntax
show snmp-server engineID
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the engineID:
TL-SG2424P# show snmp-server engineID
show rmon history
Description
The show rmon history command is used to display the configuration of the
history sample entry.
Syntax
show rmon history [ index ]
Parameter
index —— The index number of the entry selected to display the configuration,
ranging from 1 to 12, in the format of 1-3, 5. You can select more than one entry
146
for each command. By default, the configuration of all history sample entries is
displayed.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration of all history sample entries:
TL-SG2424P# show rmon history
show rmon event
Description
The show rmon event command is used to display the configuration of
SNMP-RMON Event.
Syntax
show rmon event [ index ]
Parameter
index —— The index number of the entry selected to display the configuration,
ranging from 1 to 12, in the format of 1-3, 5. You can select more than one entry
for each command. By default, the configuration of all SNMP-RMON enabled
entries is displayed.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the Event configuration of entry1-4:
TL-SG2424P# show rmon event 1-4
show rmon alarm
Description
The show rmon alarm command is used to display the configuration of the
Alarm Management entry.
Syntax
show rmon alarm [ index ]
147
Parameter
index —— The index number of the entry selected to display the configuration,
ranging from 1 to 12, in the format of 1-3, 5. You can select more than one entry
for each command. By default, the configuration of all Alarm Management
entries is displayed.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the configuration of the Alarm Management entry 1-2:
TL-SG2424P# show rmon alarm 1-2
148
Chapter 22 LLDP Commands
LLDP function enables network devices to advertise their own device information periodically to
neighbors on the same LAN. The information of the LLDP devices in the LAN can be stored by its
neighbor in a standard MIB, so it is possible for the information to be accessed by a Network
Management System (NMS) such as SNMP.
lldp
Description
The lldp command is used to enable LLDP function. To disable the LLDP
function, please use no lldp command.
Syntax
lldp
no lldp
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Enable LLDP function globally:
TL-SG2424P(config)# lldp
lldp hold-multiplier
Description
The lldp hold-multiplier command is used to configure the Hold Multiplier
parameter. The aging time of the local information in the neighbor device is
determined by the actual TTL value used in the sending LLDPDU. TTL = Hold
Multiplier * Transmit Interval. To return to the default configuration, please use
no lldp hold-multiplier command.
Syntax
lldp hold-multiplier multiplier
no lldp hold-multiplier
149
Parameter
multiplier —— Configure the Hold Multiplier parameter. It ranges from 2 to 10.
By default, it is 4.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Specify Hold Multiplier as 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)# lldp hold-multiplier 5
lldp timer
Description
The lldp timer command is used to configure the parameters about
transmission. To return to the default configuration, please use no lldp timer
command.
Syntax
lldp timer { tx-interval tx-interval | tx-delay tx-delay | reinit-delay reinit-delay |
notify-interval notify-interval | fast-count fast-count }
no lldp timer { tx-interval | tx-delay | reinit-delay | notify-interval | fast-count }
Parameter
tx-interval —— Configure the interval for the local device to transmit LLDPDU to
its neighbors. The value ranges from 5 to 32768 and the default value is 30
seconds.
tx-delay —— Configure a value from 1 to 8192 in seconds to specify the time for
the local device to transmit LLDPDU to its neighbors after changes occur so as
to prevent LLDPDU being sent frequently. By default, it is 2 seconds.
reinit-delay —— This parameter indicates the amount of delay from when LLDP
status becomes "disable" until re-initialization will be attempted. The value
ranges from 1 to 10 and the default value is 3.
notify-interval —— Specify the interval of Trap message which will be sent from
local device to network management system. The value ranges from 5 to 3600
and the default value is 5 seconds.
fast-count —— When the port's LLDP state transforms from Disable (or
Rx_Only) to Tx&Rx (or Tx_Only), the fast start mechanism will be enabled, that
is, the transmit interval will be shorten to a second, and several LLDPDUs will
150
be sent out (the number of LLDPDUs equals this parameter). The value ranges
from 1 to 10 and the default value is 3.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Specify the Transmit Interval of LLDPDU as 45 seconds and Trap message to
NMS as 120 seconds:
TL-SG2424P(config)# lldp timer tx-interval 45
TL-SG2424P(config)# lldp timer notify-interval 120
lldp med-fast-count
Description
The lldp med-fast-count command is used to configure the number of the
LLDP-MED frames that will be sent out. When LLDP-MED fast start mechanism
is activated, multiple LLDP-MED frames will be transmitted based on this
parameter. The default value is 4. To return to the default configuration, please
use no lldp med-fast-count command.
Syntax
lldp med-fast-count count
no lldp med-fast-count
Parameter
count —— Configure the Fast Start Count parameter. It ranges from 1 to 10. By
default, it is 4.
Command Mode
Global Configuration Mode
Example
Specify Fast Start Count as 5:
TL-SG2424P(config)# lldp med-fast-count 5
lldp receive
Description
The lldp receive command is used to enable the designated port to receive
LLDPDU. To disable the function, please use no lldp receive command.
151
Syntax
lldp receive
no lldp receive
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable port 1 to receive LLDPDU:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# lldp receive
lldp transmit
Description
The lldp transmit command is used to enable the designated port to transmit
LLDPDU. To disable the function, please use no lldp transmit command.
Syntax
lldp transmit
no lldp transmit
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable port 1 to transmit LLDPDU:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# lldp transmit
lldp snmp-trap
Description
The lldp snmp-trap command is used to enable the port’s SNMP notification. If
enabled, the port will notify the trap event to network management system. To
disable the ports' SNMP notification, please use no lldp snmp-trap command.
152
Syntax
lldp snmp-trap
no lldp snmp-trap
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the SNMP notification for port 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# lldp snmp-trap
lldp tlv-select
Description
The lldp tlv-select command is used to configure TLVs to be included in
outgoing LLDPDU. To exclude TLVs, please use no lldp tlv-select command.
By default, All TLVs are included in outgoing LLDPDU.
Syntax
lldp tlv-select [ port-description | system-capability | system-description |
system-name | management-address | port-vlan | protocol-vlan | vlan-name |
link-aggregation | mac-phy-cfg | max-frame-size | power | all ]
no lldp tlv-select [ port-description | system-capability | system-description |
system-name | management-address | port-vlan | protocol-vlan | vlan-name |
link-aggregation | mac-phy-cfg | max-frame-size | power | all ]
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Exclude “management-address” and “port-vlan-id” TLVs in LLDPDU outgoing
from port 1:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# no lldp tlv-select management-address port-vlan
153
lldp med-location
Description
The lldp med-location command is used to configure the Location Identification
TLV's content in outgoing LLDPDU of the port.
Syntax
lldp med-location { emergency-number identifier | civic-address { [ language
language ] [ province-state province-state ] [ county county] [city city ] [ street
street ] [ house-number house-number ] [name name ] [ postal-zipcode
postal-zipcode ] [ room-number room-number ] [ post-office-box post-office-box ]
[ additional additional ] [ country-code country-code ] [ what { dhcp-server |
endpoint | switch } ] }
Parameter
emergency-number —— Emergency Call Service ELIN identifier, which is used
during emergency call setup to a traditional CAMA or ISDN trunk-based PSAP.
The length of this field ranges from 10 to 25 characters.
civic-address —— The civic address is defined to reuse the relevant sub-fields
of the DHCP option for civic Address based Location Configuration Information
as specified by IETF.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Configure the civic address in the Location Identification TLV's content in
outgoing LLDPDU of port 2. Configure the language as English and city as
London:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# lldp med-location civic-address language English
city London
lldp med-status
Description
The lldp med-status command is used to enable the LLDP-MED feature for the
corresponding port. After the LLDP-MED feature is enabled, the port's Admin
154
Status will be changed to Tx&Rx. To disable the LLDP-MED feature for the
corresponding port, please use no lldp med-status command.
Syntax
lldp med-status
no lldp med-status
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Enable the LLDP-MED feature for port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# lldp med-status
lldp med-tlv-select
Description
The lldp med-tlv-select command is used to configure LLDP-MED TLVs to be
included in outgoing LLDPDU for the corresponding port. To exclude
LLDP-MED TLVs, please use no lldp med-tlv-select command. By default, All
TLVs are included in outgoing LLDPDU.
Syntax
lldp
med-tlv-select
{
[inventory-management]
[location]
[network-policy]
[power-management] [all] }
no lldp med-tlv-select { [inventory-management] [location] [network-policy]
[power-management] [all] }
Command Mode
Interface Configuration Mode (interface gigabitEthernet / interface range
gigabitEthernet)
Example
Exclude “network policy” and “inventory” TLVs in LLDPDU outgoing from port 2:
TL-SG2424P(config)# interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/2
TL-SG2424P(config-if)# no lldp med-tlv-select network-policy
inventory-management
155
show lldp
Description
The show lldp command is used to display the global configuration of LLDP
and LLDP-MED fast start repeat count number.
Syntax
show lldp
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the global configuration of LLDP and LLDP-MED fast start repeat count
number:
TL-SG2424P# show lldp
show lldp interface
Description
The show lldp interface command is used to display LLDP and LLDP-MED
configuration of the corresponding port. By default, the configuration of all the
ports will be displayed.
Syntax
show lldp interface [ gigabitEthernet port ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the LLDP and LLDP-MED configuration of port 1:
TL-SG2424P# show lldp interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
156
show lldp local-information interface
Description
The show lldp local-information interface command is used to display the
LLDP and LLDP-MED local information of the corresponding port. By default,
the information of all the ports will be displayed.
Syntax
show lldp local-information interface [ gigabitEthernet port ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the LLDP and LLDP-MED local information of port 1:
TL-SG2424P# show lldp local-information interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
show lldp neighbor-information interface
Description
The show lldp neighbor-information interface command is used to display
the LLDP and LLDP-MED neighbor information of the corresponding port. By
default, the neighbor information of all the ports will be displayed.
Syntax
show lldp neighbor-information interface [ gigabitEthernet port ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the LLDP and LLDP-MED neighbor information of port 1:
TL-SG2424P# show lldp neighbor-information interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
157
show lldp traffic interface
Description
The show lldp traffic interface command is used to display the LLDP statistic
information between the local device and neighbor device of the corresponding
port. By default, the LLDP statistic information of all the ports will be displayed.
Syntax
show lldp traffic interface [ gigabitEthernet port ]
Parameter
port —— The Ethernet port number.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC Mode and Any Configuration Mode
Example
Display the LLDP statistic information of port 1:
TL-SG2424P# show lldp traffic interface gigabitEthernet 1/0/1
158
Download PDF
Similar pages