Oracle Database Installation Guide 11g Release 2 (11.2) for

Oracle® Database
Installation Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2) for Microsoft Windows
E47798-02
April 2014
Oracle Database Installation Guide 11g Release 2 (11.2) for Microsoft Windows
E47798-02
Copyright © 1996, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Primary Author: Reema Khosla
Contributing Authors: Janet Stern, Prakash Jashnani
Contributors: Barb Glover, Eric Belden, Sudip Datta, David Friedman, Alex Keh, Peter LaQuerre, Rich Long,
Matt McKerley, Sham Rao Pavan, Hanlin Qian, Janelle Simmons, Helen Slattery, Sujatha Tolstoy, Michael
Verheij, Madhu Velukur, Sergiusz Wolicki, Sue Mavris, Mohammed Shahnawaz Quadri, Rahul S Joshi,
Vishal Saxena, Krishna Itikarlapall
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Contents
Preface ................................................................................................................................................................. xi
Audience.......................................................................................................................................................
Documentation Accessibility ....................................................................................................................
Accessing Documentation.........................................................................................................................
Related Documentation .............................................................................................................................
Conventions ...............................................................................................................................................
xi
xii
xii
xii
xiii
What’s New in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) .......................................................... xv
Oracle Database 11g Release 3 (11.2.0.3) Enhancements .................................................................... xv
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2) New Features....................................................................... xv
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.1) New Features....................................................................... xvi
Deprecated in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) ............................................................................ xix
Desupported in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) ......................................................................... xx
1
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1.1
New Oracle Products and Features Installed with This Release .........................................
1.2
Planning Your Installation.........................................................................................................
1.3
Installation Considerations........................................................................................................
1.3.1
Installation Differences Between Windows and UNIX Systems ..................................
1.3.2
Recommended File System ................................................................................................
1.3.3
Managing User Accounts with User Account Control ..................................................
1.3.4
Hardware and Software Certification...............................................................................
1.3.4.1
Third-Party Database Certification for Oracle SQL Developer .............................
1.3.5
Multiple Oracle Homes Support .......................................................................................
1.3.5.1
Installing Oracle Database on a System with Existing Oracle Software ..............
1.3.6
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server........................................................
1.3.7
Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services .........................................................................
1.3.8
Oracle Universal Installer Overview ................................................................................
1.3.9
Oracle Base Directory..........................................................................................................
1.3.10
Oracle Home Directory .......................................................................................................
1.3.10.1
Contents of the Oracle Home Environment .............................................................
1.3.10.2
Multiple Oracle Home Components .........................................................................
1.3.11
Installing Oracle Database Vault in an Oracle Data Guard Environment ..................
1.3.12
Oracle Database Vault Default Audit Policy and Initialization Parameters...............
1.4
Migration Considerations ..........................................................................................................
1-1
1-1
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-5
1-5
1-5
1-5
1-5
1-6
1-6
1-7
1-7
1-7
1-8
1-8
1-8
1-8
iii
1.5
Oracle Database Installation Methods ..................................................................................... 1-8
1.5.1
Interactive Installation Types............................................................................................. 1-9
1.5.2
Automated Installation Methods Using Response Files ................................................ 1-9
1.6
Software Updates Option ....................................................................................................... 1-10
1.7
Oracle Database Editions ........................................................................................................ 1-10
1.8
Database Configuration Options ........................................................................................... 1-11
1.8.1
Preconfigured Database Types ....................................................................................... 1-11
1.8.2
Installation Choices That Affect Database Creation .................................................... 1-11
1.8.3
Creating a Database After Installation .......................................................................... 1-12
1.9
Database Storage Options....................................................................................................... 1-12
1.9.1
File System ........................................................................................................................ 1-12
1.9.2
Oracle Automatic Storage Management ....................................................................... 1-13
1.9.2.1
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Components ........................................ 1-14
1.10
Database Management Options............................................................................................. 1-15
1.10.1
Management Options for Preconfigured Databases ................................................... 1-16
1.10.2
Management Options for Custom Databases............................................................... 1-16
1.10.3
Features Provided by Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control ...................... 1-16
1.11
Database Backup and Recovery Options ............................................................................. 1-17
1.11.1
Enabling Automated Backups ........................................................................................ 1-17
1.11.2
Backup Job Default Settings ............................................................................................ 1-17
1.12
Email Notification Options..................................................................................................... 1-18
1.13
Upgrade Considerations ......................................................................................................... 1-18
1.13.1
Upgrading Your Operating System Before a Database Upgrade.............................. 1-18
1.13.1.1
Upgrading the Operating System ........................................................................... 1-19
1.13.1.2
Migrating to a New Computer ................................................................................ 1-19
1.13.2
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Is Installed with Oracle Grid Infrastructure .....
1-19
1.13.3
Daylight Saving Time Upgrade ...................................................................................... 1-20
1.13.4
Policies for Client and Application Software Installations......................................... 1-20
1.13.5
Downgrading a Database ................................................................................................ 1-20
2
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.1.4
2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.3.4
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.6.1
iv
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements.............................................................................. 2-1
Hardware Component Requirements for Windows 32-Bit ........................................... 2-2
Hardware Component Requirements for Windows x64 ............................................... 2-2
Hard Disk Space Requirements......................................................................................... 2-3
Verifying Hardware Requirements................................................................................... 2-4
Oracle Database Software Requirements ................................................................................ 2-5
Windows Certification and Web Browser Support ............................................................... 2-8
Remote Desktop Services.................................................................................................... 2-8
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server ........................................................... 2-8
Web Browser Support ......................................................................................................... 2-9
Default Share Configuration Requirement ...................................................................... 2-9
Reviewing Operating System Security Common Practices ............................................... 2-10
Confirming Host Name Resolution ...................................................................................... 2-10
Checking the Network Setup ................................................................................................. 2-10
Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple IP Addresses................... 2-10
2.6.2
2.6.3
2.6.4
2.6.4.1
2.6.4.2
2.6.4.3
2.6.4.4
2.6.4.5
2.6.4.6
2.7
2.7.1
2.7.1.1
2.7.1.2
2.7.1.3
2.7.2
2.7.2.1
2.7.2.2
2.7.2.3
2.7.3
2.7.4
2.7.5
2.7.6
2.7.7
2.7.8
2.7.9
Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple Aliases ............................. 2-11
Installing Oracle Database on Nonnetworked Computers ........................................ 2-11
Installing a Loopback Adapter ....................................................................................... 2-12
Checking if a Loopback Adapter Is Installed on Your Computer...................... 2-12
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2,
or Windows XP 2-13
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 2-14
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2. 2-15
Installing Microsoft KM-TEST Loopback Adapter on Windows 8, Windows 8.1,
and Windows Server 2012 2-15
Removing a Loopback Adapter............................................................................... 2-15
Individual Component Requirements .................................................................................. 2-15
Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery Files ........................ 2-16
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Data Files ................................................. 2-16
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Database Recovery Files........................ 2-16
Configuring Disk Storage......................................................................................... 2-17
Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files..................................... 2-17
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Data Files on a File System.................................. 2-17
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Recovery Files on a File System.......................... 2-17
Creating Required Directories ................................................................................. 2-18
Stopping Existing Oracle Services.................................................................................. 2-19
Oracle Database Security Strong Authentication Requirements ............................... 2-19
Oracle Enterprise Manager Requirements.................................................................... 2-19
Oracle-Managed Files Requirements............................................................................. 2-20
Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) .......................................................... 2-20
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer.................................................... 2-20
Preinstallation Requirement for Oracle Database Vault ............................................. 2-20
3 Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3
3.6.4
3.7
3.7.1
3.7.2
3.8
Requirements for Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation .................................................... 3-2
Memory Requirements ....................................................................................................... 3-2
Disk Space Requirements ................................................................................................... 3-2
Oracle ACFS and Oracle ADVM Support ............................................................................... 3-3
Managing Disk Groups for Older Database Versions ........................................................... 3-4
Upgrading Existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management Instances ............................ 3-4
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation Considerations................................. 3-4
Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation.................... 3-5
General Steps for Configuring Oracle Automatic Storage Management .................... 3-5
Step 1: Identifying Storage Requirements for Oracle Automatic Storage Management...
3-6
Step 2: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions for an Oracle Automatic Storage
Management Instance 3-9
Step 3: Manually Configuring Disks for Oracle Automatic Storage Management. 3-11
Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure Using a Software-Only Installation...................... 3-13
Installing the Software Binaries ...................................................................................... 3-13
Configuring the Software Binaries................................................................................. 3-14
Installing and Configuring the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server ..... 3-14
v
3.8.1
3.8.2
3.9
3.10
3.11
4
Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure with a New Database Installation .................
Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure for an Existing Database .................................
Modifying Oracle Grid Infrastructure Binaries After Installation....................................
Manually Configuring Oracle Automatic Storage Management Disk Groups ..............
Testing the Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation.....................................
3-15
3-18
3-19
3-19
3-20
Installing Oracle Database
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.1.4
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.1.1
4.3.1.2
4.3.2
4.3.2.1
4.3.2.2
4.3.3
4.3.3.1
4.3.3.2
4.3.3.3
4.3.4
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.6.1
4.6.2
Preinstallation Considerations for Installing Oracle Database ............................................ 4-1
Installation Consideration on Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and Later ..... 4-2
Performing Multiple Oracle Database Installations ....................................................... 4-2
Installing on Systems That Already Have Oracle Components ................................... 4-2
Installing with Minimum Memory Requirements.......................................................... 4-2
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines ...................................................... 4-3
Selecting the Database Character Set ................................................................................ 4-4
Using an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Disk Group.................................... 4-5
Accessing the Installation Software.......................................................................................... 4-6
Installing from a Remote DVD Drive ............................................................................... 4-6
Step 1: On the Remote Computer, Share the DVD Drive ....................................... 4-6
Step 2: On the Local Computer, Map the DVD Drive............................................. 4-7
Installing on Remote Computers Through Remote Access Software.......................... 4-7
Installing on Remote Computers from a Hard Drive ............................................. 4-8
Installing on Remote Computers from a Remote DVD Drive ............................... 4-8
Downloading Oracle Software .......................................................................................... 4-8
Downloading the Installation Archive Files from Oracle Technology Network 4-8
Downloading the Software from Oracle Software Delivery Cloud ...................... 4-9
Extracting the Installation Files ............................................................................... 4-10
Copying the Oracle Database Software to a Hard Disk.............................................. 4-10
Database Security Options...................................................................................................... 4-10
Installing the Oracle Database Software............................................................................... 4-11
Cloning an Oracle Home ........................................................................................................ 4-19
Cloning an Oracle Home ................................................................................................. 4-19
Configuring Oracle Configuration Manager in a Cloned Oracle Home .................. 4-21
5 Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.5.1
5.5.1.1
5.5.1.2
5.5.1.3
5.5.2
5.5.3
5.5.4
5.5.5
vi
Installing the Latest Patch Set Release .....................................................................................
Validating Invalid PL/SQL Modules.......................................................................................
Configuring the Secure Sockets Layer .....................................................................................
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle SQL Developer ..................................................................
Configuring Oracle Components .............................................................................................
Direct NFS Client .................................................................................................................
Enable Direct NFS Client.............................................................................................
Disable Direct NFS Client............................................................................................
ORADNFS .....................................................................................................................
Configuring Oracle Messaging Gateway ........................................................................
Configuring Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows ........................................
Configuring Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor .............................
Configuring Oracle Label Security....................................................................................
5-1
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-6
5-6
5-7
5-7
5-7
5-8
Configuring Oracle Database Vault .................................................................................. 5-8
Configuring Oracle Net Services ....................................................................................... 5-8
Installing Oracle Text Supplied Knowledge Bases ......................................................... 5-9
Installing the Oracle Text Filtering Component.............................................................. 5-9
Configuring or Reinstalling Oracle XML DB................................................................... 5-9
Configuring PL/SQL External Procedures...................................................................... 5-9
Configuring Shared Server Support ................................................................................. 5-9
Setting Credentials for the Job System to Work with Oracle Enterprise Manager . 5-10
Configuring Oracle Database to Communicate with Oracle Automatic Storage
Management 5-11
5.5.15
Configuring Databases to Use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control........ 5-11
5.5.16
Installing Oracle Database Examples............................................................................. 5-11
5.6
Creating a Fast Recovery Area Disk Group ......................................................................... 5-11
5.6.1
About the Fast Recovery Area and the Fast Recovery Area Disk Group................. 5-11
5.6.2
Creating the Fast Recovery Area Disk Group .............................................................. 5-12
5.7
Enabling and Disabling Database Options .......................................................................... 5-13
5.5.6
5.5.7
5.5.8
5.5.9
5.5.10
5.5.11
5.5.12
5.5.13
5.5.14
6 Getting Started with Oracle Database
Checking the Installed Oracle Database Contents and Directory Location ....................... 6-1
Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control............................................................ 6-2
Understanding Database Control Login Privileges........................................................ 6-2
Managing Oracle Automatic Storage Management .............................................................. 6-3
Starting and Stopping Oracle Automatic Storage Management .................................. 6-3
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Utilities ........................................................... 6-3
Starting and Stopping an Oracle Database ............................................................................. 6-4
Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
6-4
6.4.2
Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Administration Assistant for
Windows 6-5
6.4.3
Starting and Stopping the Database from the Microsoft Windows Services Utility . 6-5
6.5
Accessing Oracle Database with SQL*Plus ............................................................................. 6-5
6.6
Accessing Oracle Database with Oracle SQL Developer ...................................................... 6-6
6.7
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords.............................................................................. 6-7
6.7.1
Reviewing Administrative Accounts................................................................................ 6-7
6.7.2
Unlocking and Resetting User Passwords ....................................................................... 6-9
6.7.2.1
Using Enterprise Manager Database Control to Unlock and Change Passwords......
6-10
6.7.2.2
Using SQL*Plus to Unlock and Change Passwords ............................................. 6-11
6.8
Identifying Databases ............................................................................................................. 6-11
6.9
Locating the Server Parameter File ....................................................................................... 6-12
6.10
Identifying Tablespaces and Data Files ................................................................................ 6-12
6.11
Locating Redo Log Files.......................................................................................................... 6-14
6.12
Locating Control Files ............................................................................................................. 6-14
6.13
Understanding Oracle Database Services on Windows..................................................... 6-15
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.4
6.4.1
7 Removing Oracle Database Software
7.1
About the Deinstallation Tool ................................................................................................... 7-1
vii
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
Downloading the Deinstall Tool for Use with Failed Installations .....................................
Example of Running the Deinstall Command........................................................................
Example of a Deinstallation Parameter File for an Oracle Database...................................
Example of a Deinstallation Parameter File for Oracle Grid Infrastructure ......................
7-4
7-4
7-5
7-6
A Installing Java Access Bridge
A.1
A.2
Setting Up Java Access Bridge ................................................................................................. A-1
Configuring Oracle Components to Use Java Access Bridge.............................................. A-3
B Optimal Flexible Architecture
B.1
B.1.1
B.2
B.3
B.3.1
B.3.2
B.3.3
B.4
B.4.1
B.4.2
B.4.3
B.4.4
B.4.5
B.4.6
B.5
B.5.1
B.5.2
B.5.3
B.6
B.6.1
B.6.2
B.6.3
B.7
Overview of the Optimal Flexible Architecture Standard ...................................................
Advantages of Multiple Oracle Homes and OFA..........................................................
Changes to the Optimal Flexible Architecture for Oracle Database...................................
Directory Tree Differences by Release ....................................................................................
Top-Level Oracle Directory...............................................................................................
Database File Names ..........................................................................................................
Database File Name Extensions........................................................................................
Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Naming Conventions.........................................
ORACLE_BASE Directory ................................................................................................
ORACLE_HOME Directory ..............................................................................................
Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR) Directory......................................................
ADMIN Directory...............................................................................................................
ORADATA Directory.........................................................................................................
RECOVERY_AREA Directory ..........................................................................................
Optimal Flexible Architecture and Multiple Oracle Home Configurations .....................
Specifying an ORACLE_HOME Directory .....................................................................
Installing a Default Optimal Flexible Architecture Database: Example 1..................
Installing a Nondefault Optimal Flexible Architecture Database: Example 2...........
Comparison Between Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and UNIX................
Directory Naming ...............................................................................................................
ORACLE_BASE Directory ................................................................................................
Support for Symbolic Links on Windows .......................................................................
Optimal Flexible Architecture Structure File Mapping........................................................
B-1
B-1
B-2
B-2
B-2
B-2
B-2
B-3
B-3
B-3
B-3
B-4
B-4
B-5
B-5
B-5
B-5
B-6
B-7
B-7
B-7
B-7
B-8
C Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
C.1
C.1.1
C.1.2
C.2
C.2.1
C.2.2
C.3
C.4
C.5
C.5.1
C.5.2
viii
How Response Files Work........................................................................................................
Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Response File Mode ...............................................
General Procedure for Using Response Files .................................................................
Preparing a Response File.........................................................................................................
Editing a Response File Template ...................................................................................
Saving a Response File .......................................................................................................
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using the Response File .............................................
Running Net Configuration Assistant Using a Response File ............................................
Running Oracle Database Configuration Assistant Using a Response File ......................
Silent Mode of Database Configuration Assistant.........................................................
Progress Only Mode of Database Configuration Assistant..........................................
C-1
C-2
C-2
C-3
C-3
C-4
C-5
C-6
C-7
C-7
C-7
C.5.3
C.6
C.6.1
C.6.2
D
Running Database Configuration Assistant in Response File Mode ..........................
Postinstallation Configuration Using a Response File .........................................................
About the Postinstallation Configuration File................................................................
Running Postinstallation Configuration Using a Response File..................................
C-8
C-8
C-8
C-9
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
D.1
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages ....................................
D.1.1
Configuring Oracle Components to Run in Different Languages...............................
D.1.1.1
Determining the Operating System Locale .............................................................
D.1.1.2
Configuring Locale and Character Sets Using the NLS_LANG Environment
Variable D-2
D.1.1.3
NLS_LANG Settings in Console Mode and Batch Mode ......................................
D.1.2
Installing Translation Resources ......................................................................................
D.2
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages ...............................................
D-1
D-1
D-2
D-3
D-4
D-5
E Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers
E.1
E.2
E.3
E.4
E.5
E.6
About Managing Ports ..............................................................................................................
Viewing Port Numbers and Access URLs..............................................................................
Port Numbers and Protocols of Oracle Components ...........................................................
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Management Agent Port..................................................
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports....................................
Changing the Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server Port ...............................
E-1
E-1
E-2
E-3
E-3
E-4
F Troubleshooting the Oracle Database Installation
F.1
F.2
F.3
F.4
F.5
F.6
F.6.1
F.6.2
F.7
F.8
F.9
G
Verifying Requirements ............................................................................................................
Encountering Installation Errors .............................................................................................
Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session ........................................................................
Silent Mode Response File Error Handling............................................................................
Troubleshooting Host Name Changes and CSS....................................................................
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants ............................................................................
Configuration Assistant Failures......................................................................................
Irrecoverable Errors............................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Inventory Issues ...........................................................................................
Troubleshooting Screen Display Issues ..................................................................................
Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation..................................................................................
F-1
F-1
F-2
F-2
F-3
F-3
F-3
F-4
F-4
F-4
F-4
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation
G.1
G.2
G.3
G.4
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Database Client..........................................................
Installing Oracle Database Tools .............................................................................................
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications...........................................................
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways) ....................
G-1
G-3
G-7
G-8
Glossary
Index
ix
x
Preface
This guide explains how to install and configure Oracle Database for Microsoft
Windows (32-bit) and Microsoft Windows x64. This guide also provides information
about Optimal Flexible Architecture, cloning an Oracle home, troubleshooting
installation issues, and the process to remove the database software.
"Oracle Database Software Requirements" for information
about supported operating systems
See Also:
This preface contains these topics:
■
Audience
■
Documentation Accessibility
■
Accessing Documentation
■
Related Documentation
■
Conventions
Audience
Oracle Database Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows is intended for anyone installing
Oracle Database on a single computer. Additional installation guides for Oracle Real
Application Clusters, Oracle Grid Infrastructure, Oracle Database Examples, and
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control are available on Oracle Technology Network
at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
To use this document, you need the following:
■
■
■
A supported Microsoft Windows operating system installed and tested on your
computer system
Administrative privileges on the computer where you are installing the Oracle
Database software
Familiarity with object-relational database management concepts
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Quick Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows
(32-Bit) to install Oracle Database using the default settings
Oracle Database Quick Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows x64 to
install Oracle Database using the default settings
xi
Documentation Accessibility
For information about Oracle's commitment to accessibility, visit the Oracle
Accessibility Program website at
http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=docacc.
Access to Oracle Support
Oracle customers have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. For
information, visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=info or
visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=trs if you are hearing
impaired.
Accessing Documentation
The documentation for this release includes platform-specific documentation and
generic product documentation.
Platform-Specific Documentation
Platform-specific documentation includes information about installing and using
Oracle products on particular platforms.
The platform-specific documentation for this product is available in both Adobe
portable document format (PDF) and HTML format on Oracle Technology Network
at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
Product Documentation
Product documentation includes information about configuring, using, or
administering Oracle products on any platform. The product documentation for
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) is available in both HTML and PDF formats on
Oracle Technology Network (OTN) at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
Related Documentation
For more information, see these Oracle resources:
xii
■
Oracle Database Concepts
■
Oracle Database New Features Guide
■
Oracle Database Licensing Information
■
Oracle Database Readme
■
Oracle Database Release Notes for Microsoft Windows
■
Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and UNIX
■
Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows
■
Oracle Database Examples Installation Guide
■
Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide
■
Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Basic Installation Guide
■
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
■
Oracle Database Upgrade Guide
■
Oracle Database 2 Day DBA
For information about Oracle error messages, see Oracle Database Error Messages.
Oracle error message documentation is available only in HTML. If you only have
access to the Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) Online Documentation Library, you
can browse the error messages by range. Once you find the specific range, use your
browser's "find in page" feature to locate the specific message. When connected to the
Internet, you can search for a specific error message using the error message search
feature of the Oracle online documentation.
Many books in the documentation set use the sample schemas of the seed database,
which is installed by default when you install Oracle. For information about how these
schemas were created and how you can use them yourself, see Oracle Database Sample
Schemas.
To download free release notes, installation documentation, white papers, or other
collateral, visit the Oracle Technology Network. You must register online before using
Oracle Technology Network; registration is free and can be done at
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/community/join/overview/index.html
If you already have a user name and password for Oracle Technology Network, then
you can go directly to the documentation section of the Oracle Technology Network
Web site at
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
Conventions
The following text conventions are used in this document:
Convention
Meaning
boldface
Boldface type indicates graphical user interface elements associated
with an action, or terms defined in text or the glossary.
italic
Italic type indicates book titles, emphasis, or placeholder variables for
which you supply particular values.
monospace
Monospace type indicates commands within a paragraph, URLs, code
in examples, text that appears on the screen, or text that you enter.
xiii
xiv
What’s New in Oracle Database 11g Release 2
(11.2)
This section describes new features that are documented in this guide and provides
pointers to additional information.
■
Oracle Database 11g Release 3 (11.2.0.3) Enhancements
■
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2) New Features
■
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.1) New Features
■
Deprecated in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2)
■
Desupported in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2)
Oracle Database 11g Release 3 (11.2.0.3) Enhancements
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.3) you can enter the Proxy Realm
information while providing details for downloading software updates. The proxy
realm identifies the security database used for authentication. If you do not have a
proxy realm, then you do not need to provide an entry for the Proxy Username, Proxy
Password, and Proxy Realm fields. It is case-sensitive.
This proxy realm is for software updates download only.
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2) New Features
The following new features or enhancements are provided with Oracle Database 11g
Release 2 (11.2.0.2):
■
Enhanced Patch Set Installation
■
New Software Updates Option
■
In-Place Upgrade of Oracle Database Client
Enhanced Patch Set Installation
Starting with the release of the 11.2.0.2 patch set for Oracle Database 11g Release 2,
Oracle Database patch sets are full installations of the Oracle Database software. Note
the following changes with the new patch set packaging:
■
Direct upgrades from previous releases (11.x, 10.x) to the most recent patch set are
supported.
xv
■
■
Out-of-place patch set upgrades, in which you install the patch set into a new,
separate Oracle home, are the best practices recommendation. In-place upgrades
are supported, but not recommended.
New installations consist of installing the most recent patch set, rather than
installing a base release and then upgrading to a patch release.
See Also: My Oracle Support Note 1189783.1, "Important Changes
to Oracle Database Patch Sets Starting With 11.2.0.2", available from
the following URL:
https://support.oracle.com/CSP/main/article?cmd=show&type=NO
T&doctype=ANNOUNCEMENT&id=1189783.1
New Software Updates Option
New functionality for software updates is available starting with Oracle Database 11g
Release 2 (11.2.0.2). Use the Software Updates feature to dynamically download and
apply software updates as part of the Oracle Database installation. You can also
download the updates separately using the -downloadUpdates option and later apply
them during the installation by providing the location where the updates are present.
See Also:
"Software Updates Option" on page 1-10
In-Place Upgrade of Oracle Database Client
This functionality is available starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2).
Use the In-Place Upgrade feature of Oracle Database Client to upgrade an existing
Oracle Database Client 11g Release 2 (11.2) version with the latest Oracle Database
Client version.
See Also: Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for Microsoft
Windows for more information about In-Place Upgrade
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.1) New Features
The following new features or enhancements are provided with Oracle Database 11g
Release 2 (11.2.0.1):
xvi
■
New Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Option
■
New Desktop and Server Class Options
■
Daylight Saving Time Upgrade of Timestamps with Timezone Data Type
■
SYSASM Privilege
■
New Tool to Configure Custom Installation Options
■
Deinstallation Tool
■
Intelligent Data Placement
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System
■
Data Pump Export and Data Pump Import
■
Use Oracle Restart to Automatically Restart Your Database
■
SRVCTL Support for a Single-Instance Database in a Cluster
New Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Option
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 introduces the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation.
For single-instance databases, Oracle Grid Infrastructure includes Oracle Automatic
Storage Management (Oracle ASM), the listener, and Oracle Restart. Oracle Restart is a
new feature that provides the ability to monitor, manage, and automatically restart on
failure of the Oracle Database environment including the Oracle Database instance,
Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance, and listeners. In a clustered
environment, Oracle Grid Infrastructure includes Oracle Clusterware, Oracle ASM,
and the listener.
Oracle Grid Infrastructure is only available on 64-bit Windows.
To use Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server, you must install the Oracle
software from the Oracle Grid Infrastructure media before you install the database.
See Also:
Chapter 3, "Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone
Server"
New Desktop and Server Class Options
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 introduces a new option that enables you to specify the
type of system on which the database is installed. If you are installing on a laptop or a
desktop, then select the Desktop Class option; otherwise, select the Server Class option
to install on a server. These options are available on the System Class screen.
There is no difference in the software that is installed after you select any one option
but the Desktop Class option installs a single-instance database without the advanced
configuration options.
"Interactive Installation Types" on page 1-9 for more
information about the desktop and server class options
See Also:
Daylight Saving Time Upgrade of Timestamps with Timezone Data Type
When time zone version files are updated due to daylight saving time changes,
TIMESTAMP WITH TIMEZONE (TSTZ) data could become stale. In previous releases,
database administrators ran the SQL script utltzuv2.sql to detect TSTZ data affected
by the time zone version changes and then performed extensive manual procedures to
update the TSTZ data.
With this release, TSTZ data is updated transparently with very minimal manual
procedures using newly provided DBMS_DST PL/SQL packages. In addition, there is
no longer a need for clients to patch their time zone data files.
See Also:
■
■
■
Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for information about preparing to
upgrade Timestamp with Time Zone data
Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for information about
how to upgrade the Time Zone file and Timestamp with Time
Zone data
Oracle Call Interface Programmer's Guide for information about
performance effects of clients and servers operating with different
versions of Time Zone files
xvii
SYSASM Privilege
Starting with 11g Release 2, Oracle ASM administration must be done with the SYSASM
privilege. The SYSASM privilege also can be granted using password authentication on
the Oracle ASM instance.
You can designate OPERATOR privileges (a subset of the SYSASM privileges, including
starting and stopping Oracle ASM) to members of the ORA_OPER for Oracle ASM
group.
Using the SYSASM privilege for Oracle ASM administration creates a clearer division of
responsibility between Oracle ASM administration and database administration.
See Also: Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
for more information about the SYSASM privilege, ASMSNMP account,
and ORA_DBA operating system group
New Tool to Configure Custom Installation Options
Oracle Universal Installer no longer provides the custom installation option of
individual components. Use the chopt tool, a command-line utility that is located in
the ORACLE_HOME\bin directory, to configure the database options.
See Also:
"Enabling and Disabling Database Options" on page 5-13
Deinstallation Tool
Use the new deinstallation tool (deinstall) available as an Oracle Technology
Network download (before installation) and in the Oracle home directory (after
installation) to remove Oracle Database software.
See "About the Deinstallation Tool" on page 7-1 for more detailed information
Intelligent Data Placement
The Intelligent Data Placement feature enables you to specify disk regions on Oracle
ASM disks to ensure that frequently accessed data is placed on the outermost (hot)
tracks which provide higher performance.
See Also: Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
for more information about Oracle ASM Intelligent Data Placement
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS) is a new
multiplatform, scalable file system, and storage management design that extends
Oracle ASM technology, to support data that cannot be stored in Oracle ASM, in both
single instance and cluster configurations. Additionally, Oracle ACFS provides
snapshot functionality for a point-in-time copy of an Oracle ACFS system.
The software required for Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System
is installed with the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation.
See Also:
■
■
xviii
"Oracle ACFS and Oracle ADVM Support"
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for
more information about Oracle ACFS
Data Pump Export and Data Pump Import
Data Pump provides a legacy mode in which you can use original Export and Import
parameters when performing Data Pump Export and Import operations.
Oracle Database Utilities for more information about Data
Pump legacy mode
See Also:
Use Oracle Restart to Automatically Restart Your Database
Oracle Restart is a new feature included in this release to enhance the availability of
Oracle databases in a single-instance environment. If you install Oracle Restart and
there is a temporary failure of any part of the Oracle Database software stack,
including the database, listener, and Oracle ASM instance, Oracle Restart
automatically restarts the failed component. In addition, Oracle Restart starts all these
components when the database host computer is restarted. The components are
started in the proper order, taking into consideration the dependencies among
components.
See Also: Chapter 4, "Configuring Automatic Restart of an Oracle
Database" in the Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more
information about Oracle Restart
New Method of Installing Oracle Automatic Storage Management
In past releases, Oracle ASM was installed as part of the Oracle Database installation.
With Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2), Oracle ASM is installed when you install
the Oracle Grid Infrastructure components and shares an Oracle home with Oracle
Clusterware when installed in a cluster such as with Oracle Real Application Clusters
or with Oracle Restart on a single-instance database.
To upgrade an existing Oracle ASM, you must upgrade Oracle ASM by running an
Oracle Grid Infrastructure upgrade. If Oracle ASM is not installed and you want to use
Oracle ASM as your storage option, then you must complete an Oracle Grid
Infrastructure installation before you start Oracle Database installation.
See Also: "Oracle Grid Infrastructure" for more information about
installing the Oracle Grid Infrastructure software
SRVCTL Support for a Single-Instance Database in a Cluster
SRVCTL has been enhanced to support single-instance databases with Oracle Restart
on standalone servers and on clusters with Oracle Clusterware. SRVCTL is a
command-line interface used to manage Oracle Database processes (database instance,
listener, Oracle ASM instance) when using Oracle Restart. With SRVCTL, you can
manage the Oracle Restart configuration, see the status of processes managed by
Oracle Restart, and start or stop processes such as Oracle Database.
See Also: Chapter 4, "Configuring Automatic Restart of an Oracle
Database" in the Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more
information about SRVCTL commands
Deprecated in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2)
The following are not supported or available with Oracle Database 11g Release 2:
■
Installing data files directly on raw devices is no longer available during
installation with Oracle Universal Installer or Database Configuration Assistant.
You must use a file system or Oracle ASM.
xix
■
Custom installation option
■
Windows Server 2000
■
Oracle Ultra Search
Desupported in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2)
The following feature is no longer supported with Oracle Database 11g Release 2
(11.2):
The -cleanupOBase flag of the deinstallation tool is desupported. There is no
replacement for this flag.
xx
1
1
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
This chapter describes the different installation types of Oracle Database and issues to
consider before you install Oracle Database:
■
New Oracle Products and Features Installed with This Release
■
Planning Your Installation
■
Installation Considerations
■
Migration Considerations
■
Oracle Database Installation Methods
■
Software Updates Option
■
Oracle Database Editions
■
Database Configuration Options
■
Database Storage Options
■
Database Management Options
■
Database Backup and Recovery Options
■
Email Notification Options
■
Upgrade Considerations
1.1 New Oracle Products and Features Installed with This Release
There are many new features and products installed with this release. See the What’s
New in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) chapter.
1.2 Planning Your Installation
The Oracle Database installation process consists of six steps:
1.
Read the release notes: Read the Oracle Database release notes before you begin
the installation. The release notes are available with the platform-specific
documentation. The latest version of the release notes is available on Oracle
Technology Network at
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
2.
Review the licensing information: Although the installation media in your media
pack contain many Oracle components, you are permitted to use only those
components for which you have purchased licenses.
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1-1
Planning Your Installation
Oracle Support Services does not provide support for components for which
licenses have not been purchased.
See Also:
3.
Oracle Database Licensing Information
Plan the installation: This overview chapter describes the Oracle products that
you can install and issues that you must consider before starting the installation.
You also may want to see Appendix G, which covers frequently asked questions
about installing Oracle Database components, such as how to install Oracle
Database if your site uses Oracle applications or if you need multiple Oracle
Database client connections.
If you plan to perform multiple installations, see Appendix C for information
about silent or response file installations, and cloning the Oracle home.
Oracle Database Client is installed separately. You cannot install Oracle Database
Client during an Oracle Database installation.
4.
Complete preinstallation tasks: Chapter 2 describes tasks that you must complete
before installing Oracle Database. Additionally, see Chapter 3 for Oracle Restart
preinstallation tasks.
5.
Install the software: Use the following sections to install Oracle Database:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Chapter 4 describes how to use Oracle Universal Installer to install Oracle
Database and how to clone an Oracle home.
Chapter 3 describes how to use Oracle Universal Installer to install Oracle
Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server and Oracle Automatic Storage
Management from the Oracle Grid Infrastructure media.
Chapter 7 describes how to remove Oracle Database software.
Appendix C describes how to perform silent or response file installations,
which you may want to use to perform multiple installations of Oracle
Database.
Appendix D describes how to install and use Oracle components in different
languages.
Appendix F provides troubleshooting advice in case you encounter problems
with the installation.
6.
Complete postinstallation tasks: Chapter 5 describes postinstallation tasks.
7.
Get started using Oracle Database: Use the following sections to get started using
Oracle Database:
■
■
■
Chapter 6 describes how to check the contents of the installed Oracle
Database, how to start the database and various other Oracle tools, and how to
locate various files.
"Cloning an Oracle Home" on page 4-19 describes how you can clone an
existing Oracle Database home.
Appendix B on the Optimal Flexible Architecture, which is a set of guidelines
that ensure reliable Oracle installations that require little maintenance.
■
Appendix D describes globalization support information.
■
Appendix E explains how to manage Oracle Database port numbers.
1-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installation Considerations
1.3 Installation Considerations
This section contains information that you should consider before deciding how to
install this product. It contains the following sections:
■
Installation Differences Between Windows and UNIX Systems
■
Recommended File System
■
Managing User Accounts with User Account Control
■
Hardware and Software Certification
■
Multiple Oracle Homes Support
■
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
■
Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services
■
Oracle Universal Installer Overview
■
Oracle Base Directory
■
Oracle Home Directory
■
Installing Oracle Database Vault in an Oracle Data Guard Environment
■
Oracle Database Vault Default Audit Policy and Initialization Parameters
1.3.1 Installation Differences Between Windows and UNIX Systems
If you are experienced with installing Oracle components in UNIX environments, note
that many manual setup tasks required on UNIX are not required on Windows. The
key differences between UNIX and Windows installations are:
■
Startup and shutdown services
With Windows, Oracle Universal Installer creates services at installation time that
can be configured to automatically start the Oracle software components when the
host computer starts. On Linux and UNIX systems, database or system
administrators must manually configure the oratab file.
■
Environment variables
With Windows, Oracle Universal Installer sets environment variables such as
PATH, ORACLE_BASE, ORACLE_HOME, and ORACLE_SID in the registry. In UNIX
systems, you must manually set these environment variables.
If you have multiple Oracle homes installed, then only the SID of the last Oracle
home is set in the registry. See Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for
Windows and UNIX for more information about managing Oracle homes.
■
Operating System Groups
On Windows systems, Oracle Universal Installer creates the ORA_DBA, ORA_OPER,
ORA_SID_DBA and ORA_SID_OPER groups, which are used for operating system
authentication for Oracle instances. On Linux and UNIX systems, you must create
these operating system groups manually, and they are used for granting
permission to access various Oracle software resources and for operating system
authentication. Windows does not use an Oracle Inventory group.
■
Account for running Oracle Universal Installer
With Windows, you log in with Administrator privileges. You do not need a
separate account. On Linux and UNIX systems, you must create and use a
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1-3
Installation Considerations
software owner user account, and this user must belong to the Oracle Inventory
group.
See Also: "Oracle Database Windows/UNIX Differences"
appendix in Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
1.3.2 Recommended File System
Oracle strongly recommends that you install the Oracle database home (Oracle
database binaries, trace files, and so on) on Oracle ACFS or NTFS; the database files
themselves must be placed on Oracle ASM if using Oracle ACFS; otherwise they can
be placed on NTFS. Usage of Oracle ACFS and Oracle ASM or NTFS instead of FAT32
is recommended to ensure security of these files.
See Also: "File Permissions" in Oracle Database Platform Guide for
Microsoft Windows for information about the default permissions when
using Oracle Universal Installer and Database Configuration Assistant
to install the Oracle Database software
1.3.3 Managing User Accounts with User Account Control
To ensure that only trusted applications run on your computer, Windows Vista,
Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows
8.1, and Windows Server 2012 provide User Account Control. If you have enabled this
security feature, then, depending on how you have configured it, Oracle Universal
Installer prompts you for either your consent or your credentials when installing
Oracle Database. Provide either the consent or your Windows Administrator
credentials as appropriate.
You must have Administrator privileges to run some Oracle tools, such as Database
Configuration Assistant, Net Configuration Assistant, and OPatch, or to run any tool
or application that writes to any directory within the Oracle home. If User Account
Control is enabled, and you are logged in as the local Administrator, then you can
successfully run each of these commands in the usual way. However, if you are logged
in as "a member of the Administrator group," then you must explicitly invoke these
tasks with Windows Administrator privileges. All the Oracle shortcuts that require
Administrator privileges start as "Administrator" automatically when you click the
shortcuts. However, if you run the above tools from a Windows command prompt,
you must run them from an Administrator command prompt. OPatch does not have a
shortcut and has to be run from an Administrator command prompt.
See Also: "Running Tools with Windows User Account Control" in
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for more
information.
To start a command prompt window with Windows Administrator privileges:
1. On your desktop, create a shortcut for the command prompt window. An icon for
that shortcut appears on the desktop.
2.
Right-click the icon for the newly created shortcut, and specify Run as
administrator.
When you open this window, the title bar reads Administrator: Command Prompt.
Commands run from within this window are run with Administrator privileges.
1-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installation Considerations
1.3.4 Hardware and Software Certification
The platform-specific hardware and software requirements included in this
installation guide were current at the time this guide was published. However,
because new platforms and operating system software versions might be certified after
this guide is published, review the certification matrix on the My Oracle Support
(formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site for the most up-to-date list of certified hardware
platforms and operating system versions. This Web site also provides compatible
client and database versions, patches, and workaround information for bugs. The My
Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site is available at
https://support.oracle.com/
You must register online before using My Oracle Support. After logging in, from the
menu options, select the Certifications tab. On the Certifications page, use the
Certification Search options to search by Product, Release, and Platform. You can
also search using the Certification Quick Links options such as Product Delivery,
and Lifetime Support.
See Also:
"Windows Certification and Web Browser Support" on
page 2-8
1.3.4.1 Third-Party Database Certification for Oracle SQL Developer
You can use Oracle SQL Developer to view metadata and data of several non-Oracle
databases. See "Database Certification for SQL Developer (Oracle and Third-Party)" in
Oracle SQL Developer Installation Guide for more information.
1.3.5 Multiple Oracle Homes Support
Oracle Database supports multiple Oracle homes. You can install this release or
previous releases of the software more than once on the same system, in different
Oracle home directories. This allows flexibility in deployment and maintenance of the
database software. For example, it enables you to run different versions of the
database simultaneously on the same system, or it enables you to upgrade specific
database instances on a system without affecting other running databases. However,
when you have installed multiple Oracle Homes on a single system, there is also some
added complexity introduced that you must consider allowing these Oracle Homes to
coexist.
See Also: My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Note
460054.1 for more details about multiple Oracle home environment
issues
1.3.5.1 Installing Oracle Database on a System with Existing Oracle Software
You must install this product into a new Oracle home directory. You cannot install
products from one release of Oracle Database into an Oracle home directory of a
different release. For example, you cannot install Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2)
software into an existing Oracle9i Oracle home directory.
You can install this release more than once on the same system if each installation is
installed in a separate Oracle home directory.
1.3.6 Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
The Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server provides the infrastructure to
include your single instance database in an enterprise grid architecture. Oracle
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1-5
Installation Considerations
Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) combines these infrastructure products into one software
installation called the Oracle Grid Infrastructure home. On a single instance database,
the Oracle Grid Infrastructure home includes Oracle Restart and Oracle Automatic
Storage Management (Oracle ASM) software.
To use Oracle Automatic Storage Management or Oracle Restart, you must first install
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server before you install and create the
database. Otherwise, you must manually register the database with Oracle Restart.
Chapter 3, "Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone
Server" for more information about installing Oracle Grid
Infrastructure for a standalone server
See Also:
1.3.7 Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services
When you install the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server, Oracle
Universal Installer configures the single-node version of Oracle Cluster
Synchronization Services (CSS).
The CSS service is required to enable synchronization between an Oracle ASM
instance and the database instances that rely on it for database file storage. Because the
service must be running before an Oracle ASM instance or database instance starts, it
is configured to start automatically by Oracle Restart before the Oracle ASM instance
is started. It must be running if an Oracle database is using Oracle ASM for database
file storage.
For single-instance installations, the CSS is installed-in and runs from the Oracle Grid
Infrastructure home which is the same home that runs Oracle ASM.
On cluster systems with Oracle RAC installations, the CSS is
configured during the Oracle Clusterware installation. If the system is
running Oracle Clusterware, then refer to Oracle Real Application
Clusters Installation Guide for information about removing Oracle RAC
or Oracle Clusterware.
Note:
See Also:
"Oracle Automatic Storage Management" on page 1-13
1.3.8 Oracle Universal Installer Overview
Oracle Universal Installer is a Java-based graphical user interface (GUI) tool that
enables you to install Oracle software. Oracle Universal Installer provides the
following capabilities:
■
Component and suite installations
■
Globalization support
■
Distributed installation support
■
Unattended silent installations using response files
■
Removal of installed components
■
Multiple Oracle homes support
Oracle Universal Installer can run a silent or response file installation of Oracle
software using response files. See Appendix C, "Installing and Configuring Oracle
Database Using Response Files" for more information.
1-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installation Considerations
You must use the Oracle Universal Installer 11g to install components into an Oracle
Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) Oracle home directory.
Oracle Universal Installer automatically installs the Oracle version of the Java Runtime
Environment (JRE). This version is required to run Oracle Universal Installer and
several Oracle assistants. Do not modify the JRE, unless doing so with a patch
provided by My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink). Visit the following site to
find Oracle patches to download:
https://support.oracle.com/
When Oracle Universal Installer runs, it creates an dbhome_n directory, which keeps
track of the components you are installing. Do not modify the contents of this
directory. By default, this directory is located at the same directory level as ORACLE_
HOME.
1.3.9 Oracle Base Directory
If you install Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) on a computer with no other Oracle
software installed, Oracle Universal Installer creates an Oracle base directory for you.
If Oracle software is installed, then one or more Oracle base directories exist. In the
latter case, Oracle Universal Installer offers you a choice of Oracle base directories to
install Oracle Database.
In a default Windows installation, the Oracle base directory appears as follows:
DRIVE_LETTER:\app\username
Note: You can choose to create an Oracle base directory, even if
other Oracle base directories exist on the system.
1.3.10 Oracle Home Directory
This section covers the following topics:
■
Contents of the Oracle Home Environment
■
Multiple Oracle Home Components
1.3.10.1 Contents of the Oracle Home Environment
The Oracle home directory is located under the Oracle base directory. For example, in
a default Windows installation, if you name the Oracle home directory dbhome_1, it
appears in the Oracle base directory as follows:
DRIVE_LETTER:\app\username\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1
An Oracle home corresponds to the environment in which Oracle components run.
This environment includes the following:
■
Location of installed component files
■
PATH variable pointing to binary files of installed components
■
Registry entries
■
Service names
■
Program groups
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1-7
Migration Considerations
Oracle homes also have a name associated with them, which is automatically assigned
by the installer.
1.3.10.2 Multiple Oracle Home Components
You can install all Oracle components in multiple Oracle homes on the same
computer. However, some components can only support one active instance at a time.
The current (latest) installation renders the previous one inactive. These components
are:
■
Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
■
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
■
Oracle Objects for OLE
■
Oracle Provider for OLE DB
Note:
Oracle Objects for OLE is not supported on Windows x64.
1.3.11 Installing Oracle Database Vault in an Oracle Data Guard Environment
If you plan to use Oracle Data Guard with Oracle Database Vault, then refer to Note
754065.1 on the My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site at the
following URL:
https://support.oracle.com/
1.3.12 Oracle Database Vault Default Audit Policy and Initialization Parameters
Oracle Database Vault installs a baseline database auditing policy. This policy covers
the access control configuration information stored in Database Vault database tables,
information stored in Oracle Catalog (rollback segments, tablespaces, and so on), the
use of system privileges, and Oracle Label Security configuration. When you install
Oracle Database Vault, the security specific database initialization parameters are
initialized with default values.
See Also: Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide for more
information about the database audit policy
1.4 Migration Considerations
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) database for 32-bit Windows can be migrated to
an Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) database for 64-bit Windows. See the
"Migrating an Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) Database" section in the Oracle
Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for migration information.
1.5 Oracle Database Installation Methods
You can choose different installation methods to install Oracle Database, which are as
follows:
■
Interactive Installation Types
■
Automated Installation Methods Using Response Files
1-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle Database Installation Methods
1.5.1 Interactive Installation Types
When you use the interactive method to install Oracle Database by selecting the
Create and configure a database option, Oracle Universal Installer displays a series of
screens that enable you to specify all the required information to install the Oracle
Database software and create a database.
Oracle Universal Installer provides you the following options:
■
■
Desktop Class: Select this option if you are installing on a laptop or desktop class
system. This option includes a starter database and allows minimal configuration.
This option is designed for those who want to get up and running with the
database quickly.
Server Class: Select this option if you are installing on a server class system, such
as what you would use when deploying Oracle in a production data center. This
option allows for more advanced configuration options. Advanced configuration
options available using this option include Oracle RAC, Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, backup and recovery configuration, integration with Enterprise
Manager Grid Control, and more fine-grained memory tuning, among others.
Furthermore, the Server Class option provides you with the following installation
types:
–
Typical: Select this installation method to quickly install Oracle Database. This
installation type requires minimal user input. It installs the software and
optionally creates a general-purpose database using the information that you
specify on the screen. It is the default installation type.
–
Advanced: Select this installation type to complete any of the following tasks:
–
Select a database character set or different product languages
–
Create the EXAMPLE tablespace during the installation
–
Create a database on a different file system from the software
–
Specify different passwords for administrative schemas
–
Configure automated backups or Oracle Enterprise Manager notifications
–
Configure Oracle Configuration Manager
–
In the Select Database Edition screen, if you select Enterprise Edition,
then Oracle Universal Installer automatically selects the components most
customers need for their Oracle Database installation. You can also click
Select Options to customize components from the components list.
See Also:
"Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines"
on page 4-3
1.5.2 Automated Installation Methods Using Response Files
By creating a response file and specifying this file when you start Oracle Universal
Installer, you can automate some or all of the Oracle Database installation. These
automated installation methods are useful if you must perform multiple installations
on similarly configured systems.
When you use a response file, you can run Oracle Universal Installer in the following
modes, depending on whether you specify all of the required information or not:
■
Silent Mode: Oracle Universal Installer runs in silent mode if you use a response
file that specifies all required information, and specify the -silent option when
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1-9
Software Updates Option
starting Oracle Universal Installer. None of the Oracle Universal Installer screens
are displayed.
■
Response File Mode: Oracle Universal Installer runs in response file mode if you
do not specify all required information in the response file.
For more information about these modes and about how to complete an installation
using response files, see Appendix C.
1.6 Software Updates Option
Use the Software Updates feature to dynamically download and apply the latest
updates released by Oracle; such as, interim patch updates, critical patch updates,
Oracle Universal Installer updates, and the latest patch set updates. This functionality
is available starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2).
You can choose to download the latest updates by providing your My Oracle Support
credentials or you can apply previously downloaded updates. You can also download
the updates separately using the -downloadUpdates option and later apply them
during the Oracle Database installation by providing the location where the updates
are present.
"Installing the Oracle Database Software" for more
information about the -downloadUpdates option, and dynamically
applying software updates during installation
See Also:
1.7 Oracle Database Editions
You can choose one of the following installation types when installing Oracle Database
11g:
■
■
■
■
Enterprise Edition: Installs licensable Oracle Database options, and database
configuration and management tools in addition to all of the products that are
installed during a Standard Edition installation. It also installs products most
commonly used for data warehousing and transaction processing. This option also
permits you to enable or disable individual components from a components list.
Standard Edition: This installation type is designed for department or
workgroup-level applications and for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
It is engineered to provide core relational database management services and
options. It installs an integrated set of management tools, full distribution,
replication, Web features, and facilities for building business-critical applications.
Standard Edition One: This installation type is designed for department,
workgroup-level, or web applications. From single instance environments for
small business to highly distributed branch environments, Oracle Database
Standard Edition One includes all the facilities necessary to build business-critical
applications.
Personal Edition: Installs the same software as the Enterprise Edition installation
type, but supports only a single user development and deployment environment
that requires full compatibility with Enterprise Edition and Standard Edition.
Oracle RAC is not installed with Personal Edition.
1-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Database Configuration Options
See Also:
■
■
You must install Oracle Database Client separately. You cannot
install it during an Oracle Database installation. See Oracle
Database Client Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows for
installation instructions
Oracle Database Licensing Information for more information about
the features available with each Oracle Database edition and for
information about licensing
Note:
■
■
The installation process is the same for all the database editions.
Ensure that you install only those products for which you have a
valid license.
1.8 Database Configuration Options
You can create an Oracle database during the installation process. If you choose to
create an Oracle database, Oracle Universal Installer uses Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant to create it. You can create one of the preconfigured database
types, which are designed for a variety of different applications, modify one of the
preconfigured database types, or create a customized database to suit your own
requirements.
This section describes the following database configuration options:
■
Preconfigured Database Types
■
Installation Choices That Affect Database Creation
■
Creating a Database After Installation
1.8.1 Preconfigured Database Types
Oracle provides the following preconfigured database types that you can create or
customize during the installation:
■
General Purpose/Transaction Processing
■
Data Warehouse
See the online help provided by either Oracle Universal Installer or Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant for a description of these preconfigured database types.
1.8.2 Installation Choices That Affect Database Creation
Oracle Universal Installer runs Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in one of two
modes, depending on the choices that you make during the installation:
■
Silent or response file mode
If you choose the Enterprise Edition, Standard Edition, or Personal Edition as the
database edition, then choose to create a preconfigured database type. Oracle
Universal Installer prompts you for the minimum amount of information required
to create a database of the type you choose. It then runs Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant in silent or response file mode to create the database after
it installs the software.
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-11
Database Storage Options
Oracle recommends that you use this method to create a
database if you have not previously created one.
Note:
■
Interactive mode
Install the database using Oracle Universal Installer and start Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant from Oracle home. Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant runs in interactive mode. Using the screens in Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant, you can either modify one of the preconfigured database
types or customize the database.
If you choose this method to create a database, click the
Help button on any of the Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
screens for a description of the information that you must specify
on that screen.
Note:
1.8.3 Creating a Database After Installation
If you decide not to create a database during the installation, you can use Oracle
Database Configuration Assistant to create one after you have installed the software.
Oracle Database 2 Day DBA for more information about
using Oracle Database Configuration Assistant to create a database
after installation
See Also:
1.9 Database Storage Options
If you choose to create a database during the installation, you can specify the
following storage options for database files:
■
File System
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Installing files on raw devices is no longer an option during
installation. You must use a file system, or use Oracle Automatic
Storage Management.
Note:
1.9.1 File System
If you choose the file system option, then Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
creates the database files in a directory on a file system on your computer. Oracle
recommends that the file system you choose be separate from the file systems used by
the operating system or the Oracle software. The file system that you choose can be
any of the following:
■
A file system on a disk that is physically attached to the system
If you are creating a database on basic disks that are not logical volumes or RAID
devices, then follow the Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) recommendations
and distribute the database files over multiple disks.
■
A file system on a logical volume manager (LVM) or a RAID device
If you are using multiple disks in an LVM or RAID configuration, then Oracle
recommends that you use the stripe-and-mirror-everything (SAME) methodology
1-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Database Storage Options
to increase performance and reliability. Using this methodology, you must not
specify multiple file system mounting points for database storage.
■
A network file system (NFS) mounted from a certified network attached storage
(NAS) device. You also have the option to use the Direct NFS feature, which
simplifies the administration of NFS configurations and also offers performance
improvements.
See Also:
"Direct NFS Client" for more information about the Direct
NFS feature
If the NAS device is certified by Oracle, then you can store the database files on
them.
If you choose the Advanced database creation option, then you can also choose to use
the Oracle-managed files feature with the new database. If you use this feature, then
you must specify only the database object name instead of file names when creating or
deleting database files.
See Also: Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more
information about Oracle-managed files
1.9.2 Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Oracle Automatic Storage Management is a high-performance storage management
solution. For Oracle Database files, it simplifies the management of a dynamic
database environment, such as creating and laying out databases and managing disk
space.
Oracle Automatic Storage Management can be used with single database installations,
multiple database installations, and in Oracle RAC environments. It can be used with
databases created in Oracle Database 10g Release 1 (10.1.0.3 or later). However, Oracle
Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) databases must use Oracle Automatic Storage
Management from Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) or later. Oracle Automatic
Storage Management is installed as part of the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation.
If you plan to use Oracle Automatic Storage Management, then you must install
Oracle Grid Infrastructure before you install and create the database. If you want to
upgrade an existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management installation, then you
must upgrade Oracle Automatic Storage Management by running an Oracle Grid
Infrastructure upgrade.
Chapter 3, "Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone
Server" for more information about installing the Oracle Grid
Infrastructure software
See Also:
Oracle Automatic Storage Management manages the storage of all database files, such
as redo logs, control files, and data pump export files. Oracle Automatic Storage
Management can manage the Oracle Database executable binary files and any other
non-database file by creating a file system with Oracle Automatic Storage
Management Cluster File System. Though Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Cluster File System is cluster aware, it works as a file system on a single instance
database also.
To use Oracle Automatic Storage Management, you allocate partitioned disks to
Oracle with preferences for striping and mirroring. Oracle Automatic Storage
Management manages the disk space for you, thus eliminating the need for traditional
disk management tools such as logical volume managers (LVM), file systems, and the
numerous commands necessary to manage both. The synchronization between Oracle
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-13
Database Storage Options
Automatic Storage Management and the database instance is handled by Oracle
Cluster Synchronization Services (CSS).
See Also: Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
for more information about Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Cluster File System
1.9.2.1 Oracle Automatic Storage Management Components
Oracle Automatic Storage Management uses the following components:
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Disk Groups
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Instance
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Disk Groups
A disk group is a set of disk devices that Oracle Automatic Storage Management
manages as a unit. Each disk device can be an individual physical disk, a multiple disk
device such as a RAID storage array or a logical volume, or a partition on a physical
disk. However, mostly, disk groups consist of one or more individual physical disks.
To enable Oracle Automatic Storage Management to balance I/O and storage
appropriately within the disk group, ensure that all devices in the disk group have
similar, if not identical, storage capacity and performance.
You can set the redundancy and striping attributes of individual file types within a
disk group by using Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group templates.
When you create a disk group, Oracle Automatic Storage Management creates a set of
default templates for that disk group. Default template settings depend on the disk
group type. For example, the default template for control files for a normal
redundancy disk group sets three-way mirroring. All other file templates are two-way
mirrored. For a high redundancy disk group, the default mirroring cannot be changed;
that is, all files are always three-way mirrored in a high redundancy disk group. You
can modify the default templates to suit the unique needs of your site. See Oracle
Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for more information.
Oracle Automatic Storage Management spreads data evenly across all of the devices in
the disk group to optimize performance and utilization. You can add or remove disk
devices from a disk group without shutting down the database. When you add or
remove disks, Oracle Automatic Storage Management rebalances the data files across
the disk group. You can create multiple disk groups to handle specific tasks, such as
backup and recovery operations, in addition to routine file storage activities.
When you add a device to a disk group, you can specify a failure group for that
device. Failure groups identify disk devices that have common failure characteristics,
for example, devices that are attached to the same controller. If the controller fails,
then all devices attached to it become unavailable. By default, each device also belongs
to its own failure group. By using the failure groups you specify, Oracle Automatic
Storage Management can distribute data among the devices in the disk group to help
minimize the risk of data loss caused by component failures.
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Instance
The Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance is a special Oracle instance that
manages Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk groups. The Oracle Automatic
Storage Management instance and the ASMSNMP account are created as part of the
Oracle Grid Infrastructure home. Oracle Enterprise Manager uses this account to
monitor Oracle ASM instances to retrieve data from Oracle ASM-related data
dictionary views. The ASMSNMP account status is set to OPEN upon creation, and it
is granted the SYSDBA privilege.
1-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Database Management Options
There is only one Oracle ASM instance per host regardless of the number of database
instances running on that host.
See Also:
■
■
"Step 3: Manually Configuring Disks for Oracle Automatic
Storage Management" on page 3-11
"Managing Oracle ASM Users with Oracle Enterprise Manager" in
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for
more information about ASMSNMP user
1.10 Database Management Options
To simplify database administration, Oracle provides a Web-based management tool
called Oracle Enterprise Manager.
There are two ways that you can deploy Oracle Enterprise Manager:
■
Deploy Oracle Enterprise Manager centrally in your environment.
To deploy Oracle Enterprise Manager centrally, you must install at least one
Oracle Management Repository and one Oracle Management Service within your
environment, then install an Oracle Enterprise Management Agent on every
computer. You then can use a single HTML interface to manage and monitor
software and hardware targets on all of those systems. Targets can include Oracle
databases, application servers, Net listeners, and third-party software. This single
interface is called Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control (or simply Grid
Control).
Note:
■
■
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager is available separately on the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Grid Control installation media.
For latest certification information, refer to My Oracle Support
note 412431.1, "Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control
Certification Checker", available from the following URL:
https://support.oracle.com/
■
Deploy Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control locally on the database
system.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control software is installed by default with
every Oracle Database installation. This local installation provides a Web-based
interface called Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control. The Database
Control is similar in function to the Grid Control, but it can manage only a single
database. If you want to administer multiple databases on this system, you must
either configure a separate Database Control for each database, or install Oracle
Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control.
See Also: Oracle Enterprise Manager Concepts and Oracle Enterprise
Manager Grid Control Basic Installation Guide for more information
about Oracle Enterprise Manager
This section contains the following topics:
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-15
Database Management Options
■
Management Options for Preconfigured Databases
■
Management Options for Custom Databases
■
Features Provided by Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
1.10.1 Management Options for Preconfigured Databases
When you create a preconfigured database during the installation, you must select the
Oracle Enterprise Manager interface to manage the database. The following options
are available:
■
Use Grid Control for central database management.
This option is available only if an Oracle Management Agent is installed on the
system. When Oracle Universal Installer detects Oracle Management Agent on the
system, you can choose this option and specify the Oracle Management Service to
manage the database.
If an Oracle Management Agent is not installed, you must use Database Control to
manage the database. However, if you install Oracle Management Agent after you
install Oracle Database, you can use Grid Control to manage this database.
■
Use Database Control for local database management.
This option is selected by default if an Oracle Management Agent is not installed
on the system. However, even if a Management Agent is installed, you can still
configure Database Control to manage the database.
1.10.2 Management Options for Custom Databases
Install the database using Oracle Universal Installer and start Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant from Oracle home. Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
runs in interactive mode. Using a screen in Oracle Database Configuration Assistant,
you can specify the Oracle Enterprise Manager interface to manage the database.
Alternatively, you can choose not to configure the database with Enterprise Manager.
Oracle recommends that you configure the database to use Enterprise Manager during
installation. However, if you choose not to configure the database to use Enterprise
Manager during the installation, you can use Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
after the installation to configure the database to use it.
1.10.3 Features Provided by Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control, which is installed by default with Oracle
Database, provides a Web-based user interface that you can use to monitor,
administer, and maintain an Oracle database. You can use it to perform all of your
database administration tasks. You can also use it to determine information about the
database, such as:
■
Instance name, database version, Oracle home location, media recovery options,
and other instance data
■
Current instance availability
■
Database alert information
■
Automatic notification of security alerts
■
Ability to apply patches
■
Session and SQL-related performance information
1-16 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Database Backup and Recovery Options
■
Space usage metrics
1.11 Database Backup and Recovery Options
If you use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control during the installation, you
can optionally enable automated database backups that use the Oracle-suggested
default backup strategy.
You do not have to enable automated backups during the installation. If you prefer,
you can use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control or Grid Control to configure
automated backups after you install the software and create a database.
This section covers the following topics:
■
Enabling Automated Backups
■
Backup Job Default Settings
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database 2 Day DBA for information about using Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Control to configure or customize
automated backups or to recover a backed up database
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide for more detailed
information about defining a backup strategy and backing up and
recovering Oracle databases
1.11.1 Enabling Automated Backups
If you enable automated backups, Oracle Enterprise Manager schedules a daily
backup job that uses Oracle Database Recovery Manager (RMAN) to back up all of the
database files to an on-disk storage area called the fast recovery area. The size of the
fast recovery area is determined by the size of the database you must back up. The first
time the backup job runs, it creates a full backup of the database. Subsequent backup
jobs perform incremental backups, which enable you to recover the database to its
state at any point during the preceding 24 hours. If you want to create an online
backup, you must run the backup job in ARCHIVELOG mode.
To enable automated backup jobs during installation, you must specify the following
information:
■
The location of the fast recovery area
You can use either a file system directory or an Oracle Automatic Storage
Management disk group for the fast recovery area. The default disk quota
configured for the fast recovery area is 2 GB. For Oracle Automatic Storage
Management disk groups, the required disk space depends on the redundancy
level of the disk group that you choose. Chapter 2 describes how to choose the
location of the fast recovery area and identifies its disk space requirements.
■
An operating system user name and password for the backup job
Oracle Enterprise Manager uses the operating system credentials that you specify
when running the backup job. The user name that you specify must belong to the
Windows group that identifies database administrators (the ORA_DBA group). This
user also must have Logon As A Batch Job privilege.
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-17
Email Notification Options
1.11.2 Backup Job Default Settings
If you enable automated backups after choosing one of the preconfigured databases
during the installation, automated backup is configured with the following default
settings:
■
The backup job is scheduled to run nightly at 2 a.m.
■
The disk quota for the fast recovery area is 2 GB.
If you enable automated backups by using Oracle Database Configuration Assistant,
either during or after the installation, you can specify a different start time for the
backup job and a different disk quota for the fast recovery area.
1.12 Email Notification Options
If you choose to use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control during the
installation, you can configure Enterprise Manager to send e-mail when specific events
occur. These events can include occurrences such as disk space reaching a critical limit
(a threshold), or a database shutting down unexpectedly.
If you enable e-mail notifications, you must specify the following information:
■
The host name of a simple mail transport protocol (SMTP) server.
■
The e-mail address that should receive the alerts.
The e-mail address that you specify can belong to an individual, or can be a shared
e-mail account, or can be a distribution list.
You can use Enterprise Manager Database Control to setup, change, or customize
e-mail notifications after you have created the database.
The option to enable e-mail notifications is not available
starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2).
Note:
1.13 Upgrade Considerations
Oracle recommends installing Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) into a new Oracle
home directory. If you must install Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) into an Oracle
home directory that contains previously installed Oracle8i or Oracle9i components,
then use Oracle Universal Installer to remove these components before beginning a
new installation.
See Oracle Database Upgrade Guide before deciding to upgrade an existing database.
Supported upgrade paths and upgrade procedures are covered in Oracle Database
Upgrade Guide. However, this section describes several Windows-specific issues to
understand before following the instructions in Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
This section contains these topics:
■
■
Upgrading Your Operating System Before a Database Upgrade
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Is Installed with Oracle Grid
Infrastructure
■
Daylight Saving Time Upgrade
■
Policies for Client and Application Software Installations
■
Downgrading a Database
1-18 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Upgrade Considerations
1.13.1 Upgrading Your Operating System Before a Database Upgrade
When you upgrade to a new release of Oracle Database, the operating system
requirements may have changed. If required, upgrade your operating system before
upgrading Oracle Database. See Chapter 2, "Oracle Database Preinstallation
Requirements" for a list of supported operating systems.
To upgrade the operating system and then perform a database upgrade, perform one
of the following procedures:
■
Upgrading the Operating System
■
Migrating to a New Computer
1.13.1.1 Upgrading the Operating System
Upgrade the operating system. Then, upgrade the database either manually or by
using Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant.
1.13.1.2 Migrating to a New Computer
Migrate to a new computer using one of the following methods:
■
To upgrade the database on the new computer:
1.
Copy the database files from the computer running the previous operating
system to the one running the supported operating system.
2.
Re-create the control files on the computer running the supported operating
system.
3.
Manually upgrade the database using the method described in Oracle Database
Upgrade Guide.
You cannot use Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant if you use
this method. However, this method lets you easily revert to the earlier
database.
Note:
■
You can also upgrade the database using the Export/Import utilities method
described in Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
See Also: The table on "Supported Upgrade Paths for Upgrading
Oracle Database" in Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for information
about upgrading your current database release
1.13.2 Oracle Automatic Storage Management Is Installed with Oracle Grid
Infrastructure
In previous releases, Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) was
installed as part of the Oracle Database installation. With Oracle Database 11g Release
2 (11.2), Oracle Automatic Storage Management is part of an Oracle Grid
Infrastructure installation, either for a cluster, or for a standalone server.
If you want to upgrade an existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management
installation, then you must upgrade Oracle Automatic Storage Management by
running an Oracle Grid Infrastructure upgrade. If you do not have Oracle Automatic
Storage Management installed and you want to use Oracle Automatic Storage
Management as your storage option, then you must complete an Oracle Grid
Infrastructure installation before you start your Oracle Database installation.
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-19
Upgrade Considerations
See Also:
Oracle Database Upgrade Guide
1.13.3 Daylight Saving Time Upgrade
See "Daylight Saving Time Upgrade of Timestamps with Timezone Data Type" for
information about Daylight Savings Time Upgrade.
1.13.4 Policies for Client and Application Software Installations
If you upgrade your Oracle Database to 11g Release 2 (11.2), then Oracle recommends
that you upgrade the client software to Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) as well.
Keeping the server and client software at the same release number ensures maximum
stability for your applications. In addition, the latest Oracle client software may
provide added functionality and performance enhancements that were not available
with previous releases.
1.13.5 Downgrading a Database
Steps to downgrade a database, including steps to change the word size, are covered
in Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
1-20 Oracle Database Installation Guide
2
2
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
This chapter describes the tasks that you must complete before you start Oracle
Universal Installer.
This guide contains information required to install Oracle Database 11g Release 2
(11.2). Ensure that you review information related to the platform on which you intend
to install Oracle Database 11g.
Note:
■
■
To use Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) or
Oracle Restart, you must first install Oracle Grid Infrastructure
before you install and create the database. Otherwise, you must
manually register the database with Oracle Restart. See "Installing
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for an Existing Database" on page 3-18
Additionally, see "Requirements for Oracle Grid Infrastructure
Installation" on page 3-2 before you proceed with the database
preinstallation tasks.
It includes information about the following topics:
■
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements
■
Oracle Database Software Requirements
■
Windows Certification and Web Browser Support
■
Reviewing Operating System Security Common Practices
■
Confirming Host Name Resolution
■
Checking the Network Setup
■
Individual Component Requirements
2.1 Oracle Database Hardware Requirements
This section describes hardware component and hard disk space requirements.
■
Hardware Component Requirements for Windows 32-Bit
■
Hardware Component Requirements for Windows x64
■
Hard Disk Space Requirements
■
Verifying Hardware Requirements
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2-1
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements
2.1.1 Hardware Component Requirements for Windows 32-Bit
The following table lists the hardware components that are required for Oracle
Database on Windows 32-bit.
Table 2–1
Windows 32-Bit Hardware Requirements
Requirement
Value
System Architecture
Processor: Intel (x86), AMD64, and Intel EM64T
Note: Oracle provides 32-bit (Windows x86) and
64-bit (Windows x64) versions of Oracle Database
for Microsoft Windows.
Physical memory (RAM)
1 GB minimum
On Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, 2 GB
minimum
Virtual memory
■
■
Disk space
If physical memory is between 2 GB and 16
GB, then set virtual memory to 1 times the size
of the RAM
If physical memory is more than 16 GB, then
set virtual memory to 16 GB
Typical Install Type total: 5.35 GB
Advanced Install Types total: 4.89 GB
See Table 2–3 for details.
Video adapter
256 colors
Screen Resolution
1024 X 768 minimum
See Also:
■
■
■
■
"Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery
Files" on page 2-16
"Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files" on
page 2-17
"Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Installation" on page 3-5
"Installing with Minimum Memory Requirements" on page 4-2
2.1.2 Hardware Component Requirements for Windows x64
The following table lists the hardware components that are required for Oracle
Database on Windows x64.
Table 2–2
Windows x64 Hardware Requirements
Requirement
Value
System Architecture
Processor: AMD64 and Intel EM64T
Note: Oracle provides 32-bit (Windows x86) and
64-bit (Windows x64) versions of Oracle Database
for Microsoft Windows.
Physical memory (RAM)
1 GB minimum
On Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, 2 GB
minimum
2-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements
Table 2–2 (Cont.) Windows x64 Hardware Requirements
Requirement
Value
Virtual memory
■
■
Disk space
If physical memory is between 2 GB and 16
GB, then set virtual memory to 1 times the size
of the RAM
If physical memory is more than 16 GB, then
set virtual memory to 16 GB
Typical Install Type total: 5.39 GB
Advanced Install Types total: 5.89 GB
See Table 2–4 for details.
Processor for Windows x64
550 MHz minimum
Video adapter
256 colors
Screen Resolution
1024 X 768 minimum
See Also:
■
■
■
■
"Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery
Files" on page 2-16
"Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files" on
page 2-17
"Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Installation" on page 3-5
"Installing with Minimum Memory Requirements" on page 4-2
2.1.3 Hard Disk Space Requirements
This section lists system requirements for Windows platforms that use the NT File
System (NTFS). Oracle strongly recommends that you install the Oracle database
home (Oracle database binaries, trace files, and so on) on Oracle ACFS or NTFS; the
database files themselves must be placed on Oracle ASM if using Oracle ACFS;
otherwise they can be placed on NTFS. Usage of Oracle ACFS and Oracle ASM or
NTFS instead of FAT32 is recommended to ensure security of these files.
The NTFS system requirements listed in this section are more accurate than the hard
disk values reported by the Oracle Universal Installer Summary window. The
Summary window does not include accurate values for disk space, the space required
to create a database, or the size of compressed files that are expanded on the hard
drive.
The hard disk requirements for Oracle Database components include 32 MB to install
Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and Oracle Universal Installer on the partition where
the operating system is installed. If sufficient space is not detected, installation fails
and an error message appears.
Table 2–3 lists the disk space requirements on NTFS for Windows 32-bit.
Table 2–4 lists the disk space requirements on NTFS for Windows x64. The starter
database requires 720 MB of disk space.
The figures in these tables include the starter database. FAT32 space requirements are
slightly higher.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2-3
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements
Table 2–3
Windows 32-Bit Disk Space Requirements on NTFS
Installation Type
TEMP Space
SYSTEM_DRIVE:\
Program Files\Oracle
Oracle Home
Data Files * Total
Typical Install
500 MB
4.0 MB
3.6 GB
1.9 GB
5.99 GB
Advanced Install: All
Editions
500 MB
4.0 MB
3.6 GB **
1.9 GB **
5.99 GB **
Table 2–4
Windows x64 Disk Space Requirements on NTFS
Installation Type
TEMP Space
SYSTEM_DRIVE:\
Program Files\Oracle
Oracle Home
Data Files * Total
Typical Install
500 MB
4.0 MB
3.80 GB
1.9 GB
6.22 GB
Advanced Install: All
Editions
500 MB
4.55 MB
3.80 GB **
1.9 GB **
6.22 GB **
* Refers to the contents of the admin, cfgtoollogs, flash_recovery_area, and
oradata directories in the ORACLE_BASE directory.
** This size can be higher depending on the installation options selected, such as
languages or additional components. If you choose to install Oracle Database with
automated backups enabled, include at least 2 GB extra for data file disk space.
See Also: "NTFS File System and Windows Registry Permissions" in
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
2.1.4 Verifying Hardware Requirements
To ensure that the system meets these requirements, follow these steps:
1.
Determine the physical RAM size.
For example, on a Windows Server 2003 computer, double-click System in the
Windows Control Panel and click the General tab.
On a Windows Server 2008 R2 computer, click System and Security in the
Windows Control Panel, then click System.
If the size of the physical RAM installed in the system is less than the required
size, then you must install more memory before continuing.
2.
Determine the size of the configured virtual memory (also known as paging file
size).
For example, on a Windows 2003 computer, double-click System, click the
Advanced tab, and click Settings in the Performance section. Then click the
Advanced tab.
On a Windows Server 2008 R2 computer, click System and Security, then click
System, click Advanced System Settings, click the Advanced tab on System
Properties page, and then click Settings in the Performance section. Then select
the Advanced tab on Performance Options page.
The virtual memory is listed in the Virtual Memory section.
If necessary, see your operating system documentation for information about how
to configure additional virtual memory.
3.
Determine the amount of free disk space on the system.
2-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle Database Software Requirements
For example, on a Windows 2003 computer, double-click My Computer,
right-click the drive where the Oracle software is to be installed, and select
Properties.
On a Windows Server 2008 R2 computer, right-click My Computer and click
Open.
4.
Determine the amount of disk space available in the temp directory. This is
equivalent to the total amount of free disk space, minus what is required for the
Oracle software to be installed.
On Windows 32-bit, if there is less than 500 MB of disk space available in the temp
directory, then delete all unnecessary files. If the temp disk space is still less than
500 MB, then set the TEMP or TMP environment variable to point to a different hard
drive location.
On Windows x64, if there is less than 500 MB of disk space available in the temp
directory, then delete all unnecessary files. If the temp disk space is still less than
125 MB, then set the TEMP or TMP environment variable to point to a different hard
drive location.
For example, to change the environment variables on a Windows Server 2003
computer, double-click System, click the Advanced tab, and click Environment
Variables.
On a Windows Server 2008 R2 computer, click System and Security, then click
System, click Advanced System Settings, click the Advanced tab on System
Properties page, and then click Environment Variables.
2.2 Oracle Database Software Requirements
Table 2–5 lists the software requirements for Oracle Database on Windows 32-bit.
Table 2–6 lists the software requirements for Oracle Database on Windows x64.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2-5
Oracle Database Software Requirements
Table 2–5
Windows 32-Bit Software Requirements
Requirement
Value
Operating System
Oracle Database for 32-bit Windows is supported on the
following operating systems:
■
Windows Server 2003 - all editions
■
Windows Server 2003 R2 - all editions
■
Windows XP Professional
■
Windows Vista - Business, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions
■
Windows Server 2008 - Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter,
Web, and Foundation editions.
■
Windows 7 - Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions
■
Windows 8 - Pro and Enterprise editions
■
Windows 8.1 - Pro and Enterprise edition
Windows Multilingual User Interface Pack is supported.
The Server Core option is not supported for all Windows Server
operating systems.
Note: For information about Hyper-V support, visit My Oracle
Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) at
https://support.oracle.com/epmos/faces/DocumentDisplay?
id=1563794.1
See Also: "Hardware and Software Certification" for information
about how to access the latest system requirements
Compiler
Pro*COBOL has been tested and certified with Net Express 5.0.
The following components are supported with the Microsoft
Visual C++ .NET 2005 8.0, Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2008 9.0,
and Intel 10.1 C compilers:
■
Oracle Call Interface
■
External callouts
■
Pro*C/C++
■
XDK
Oracle C++ Call Interface is supported with
■
■
■
Network Protocol
2-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2005 8.0
Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2008 9.0 - OCCI libraries are
installed under ORACLE_HOME\oci\lib\msvc\vc9. When
developing OCCI applications with MSVC++ 9.0, ensure
that the OCCI libraries are correctly selected from this
directory for linking and executing.
Intel 10.1 C++ compiler with Microsoft Visual C++ .NET
2005 STLs.
The Oracle Net foundation layer uses Oracle protocol support
to communicate with the following industry-standard network
protocols:
■
TCP/IP
■
TCP/IP with SSL
■
Named Pipes
Oracle Database Software Requirements
See Also:
■
Table 2–6
"Remote Desktop Services" on page 2-8
Windows x64 Software Requirements
Requirement
Value
Operating System
Oracle Database for Windows x64 is supported on the following
operating systems:
■
Windows Server 2003 - all x64 editions
■
Windows Server 2003 R2 - all x64 editions
■
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
■
■
■
Windows Vista x64 - Business, Enterprise, and Ultimate
editions
Windows Server 2008 x64 and Windows Server 2008 R2 x64
- Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, Web, and Foundation
editions.
Windows 7 x64 - Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate
editions
■
Windows 8 x64 - Pro and Enterprise editions
■
Windows 8.1 x64 - Pro and Enterprise editions
■
Windows Server 2012 x64 - Standard, Datacenter, Essentials,
and Foundation editions
Windows Multilingual User Interface Pack is supported.
The Server Core option is not supported for all Windows Server
operating systems.
Note: For information about Hyper-V support, visit My Oracle
Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) at
https://support.oracle.com/epmos/faces/DocumentDisplay?
id=1563794.1
See Also: "Hardware and Software Certification" for information
about how to access the latest system requirements
Compiler
Pro*COBOL has been tested and certified with Net Express 5.0.
The following components are supported with the Microsoft
Visual C++ .NET 2005 8.0, Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2008 9.0,
and Intel 10.1 C compilers:
■
Oracle Call Interface
■
External callouts
■
Pro*C/C++
■
XDK
Oracle C++ Call Interface is supported with
■
■
■
Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2005 8.0
Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2008 9.0 - OCCI libraries are
installed under ORACLE_HOME\oci\lib\msvc\vc9. When
developing OCCI applications with MSVC++ 9.0, ensure
that the OCCI libraries are correctly selected from this
directory for linking and executing.
Intel 10.1 C++ compiler with Microsoft Visual C++ .NET
2005 STLs.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2-7
Windows Certification and Web Browser Support
Table 2–6 (Cont.) Windows x64 Software Requirements
Requirement
Value
Network Protocol
The Oracle Net foundation layer uses Oracle protocol support
to communicate with the following industry-standard network
protocols:
■
TCP/IP
■
TCP/IP with SSL
■
Named Pipes
See Also:
■
"Remote Desktop Services" on page 2-8
2.3 Windows Certification and Web Browser Support
The following sections provide certification information:
■
Remote Desktop Services
■
Web Browser Support
■
Default Share Configuration Requirement
2.3.1 Remote Desktop Services
Oracle supports installing, configuring, and running Oracle Database through Remote
Desktop Services, formerly known as Terminal Services, on Windows. To install
Oracle Database, Oracle recommends that you start all configuration tools from the
Terminal Server console session of the server (using mstsc/console).
Platform-specific support information is as follows:
■
■
■
Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2003 R2: You can configure Windows
Server 2003 and Windows Server 2003 R2 to use Terminal Services in Remote
Desktop for Administration Mode or Terminal Server Mode.
Windows client operating systems: The Remote Desktop is only available in Single
User Mode.
Windows Server 2008 and later: You can have multiple Remote Desktop sessions.
See Also:
■
The Microsoft Web site for more information about Remote
Desktop Services
http://www.microsoft.com/
■
The My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site for
the latest Terminal Services and Remote Desktop Services
information
https://support.oracle.com/
2.3.2 Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server running on Windows Vista requires a
minimum of Service Pack 1 or higher.
2-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Windows Certification and Web Browser Support
2.3.3 Web Browser Support
You do not require a web browser to install Oracle Database. However, web browsers
are required to access documentation, and to use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control and Oracle Application Express. Web browsers must support JavaScript, and
the HTML 4.0 and CSS 1.0 standards.
Oracle Enterprise Manager supports the following browsers:
■
Netscape Navigator 8.1
■
Netscape Navigator 9.0
■
Microsoft Internet Explorer 10.0 (supports Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control 11.2.0.3 or higher)
■
Microsoft Internet Explorer 9.0
■
Microsoft Internet Explorer 8.0
■
Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0 SP1
■
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 SP2
■
Firefox 21.0 (supports Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control 11.2.0.4)
■
Firefox 17.0.6 ESR (supports Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control 11.2.0.4)
■
Firefox 3.6
■
Firefox 3.5
■
Firefox 3.0.7
■
Firefox 2.0
■
Safari 4.0.x
■
Safari 3.2
■
Safari 3.1
■
Google Chrome 27.0 (supports Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
11.2.0.4)
■
Google Chrome 4.0
■
Google Chrome 3.0
Oracle Application Express Installation Guide for a list of
browsers supported with Oracle Application Express
See Also:
2.3.4 Default Share Configuration Requirement
The prerequisite checks during Oracle Database installation require that the system
drive on your computer has default share configured on it. Use the net use command
to verify, for example:
C:\> net use \\hostname\c$
The command completed successfully
Ensure that the current user, the user in the Administrator group, has all the privileges
on the default share.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2-9
Reviewing Operating System Security Common Practices
2.4 Reviewing Operating System Security Common Practices
Secure operating systems are an important basis for general system security. Ensure
that your operating system deployment is in compliance with common security
practices as described in your operating system vendor security guide.
2.5 Confirming Host Name Resolution
Typically, the computer on which you want to install Oracle Database is connected to
a network. Ensure that the computer host name is resolvable through a Domain Name
System (DNS), a network information service (NIS), or a centrally-maintained TCP/IP
host file, such as /etc/hosts. Use the ping command to ensure that your computer
host name is resolvable. For example:
ping myhostname
pinging myhostname.example.com [192.0.2.2] with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 192.0.2.2: bytes=32 time=138ms TTL=56
If your computer host name does not resolve, then contact your system administrator.
2.6 Checking the Network Setup
Typically, the computer on which you want to install Oracle Database is connected to
the network, has local storage to contain the Oracle Database installation, has a display
monitor, and has a media drive.
This section describes how to install Oracle Database on computers that do not meet
the typical scenario. It covers the following topics:
■
Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple IP Addresses
■
Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple Aliases
■
Installing Oracle Database on Nonnetworked Computers
■
Installing a Loopback Adapter
2.6.1 Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple IP Addresses
You can install Oracle Database on a computer that has multiple IP addresses, also
known as a multihomed computer. Typically, a multihomed computer has multiple
network cards. Each IP address is associated with a host name; additionally, you can
set up aliases for the host name. By default, Oracle Universal Installer uses the ORACLE_
HOSTNAME environment variable setting to find the host name.
Clients must be able to access the computer using this host name, or using aliases for
this host name. To check, ping the host name from the client computers using the short
name (host name only) and the full name (host name and domain name). Both must
work.
Setting the ORACLE_HOSTNAME Environment Variable
To set the ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable:
1.
Display System in the Windows Control Panel.
2.
In the System Properties dialog box, click Advanced.
3.
In the Advanced tab, click Environment Variables.
4.
In the Environment Variables dialog box, under System Variables, click New.
2-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Checking the Network Setup
5.
In the New System Variable dialog box, enter the following information:
■
Variable name: ORACLE_HOSTNAME
■
Variable value: The host name of the computer to use.
6.
Click OK, then in the Environment Variables dialog box, click OK.
7.
Click OK in the Environment Variables dialog box, then in the System Properties
dialog box, click OK.
2.6.2 Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple Aliases
A computer with multiple aliases is registered with the naming service under a single
IP address but with multiple aliases. The naming service resolves any of those aliases
to the same computer. Before installing Oracle Database on such a computer, set the
ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable to the computer whose host name you want to
use.
2.6.3 Installing Oracle Database on Nonnetworked Computers
You can install Oracle Database on a non-networked computer. If the computer, such
as a laptop, is configured for DHCP and you plan to connect the computer to the
network after the Oracle Database installation, perform these steps before you install
Oracle Database on the non-networked computer.
1.
Install a loopback adapter on the computer.
The loopback adapter and local IP address simulate a networked computer. If you
connect the computer to the network, Oracle Database still uses the local IP
address and host name.
See Also:
2.
"Installing a Loopback Adapter" on page 2-12
Ping the computer from itself, using only the host name and using the fully
qualified name, which should be in the DRIVE_
LETTER:\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file.
For example, if you installed a loopback adapter on a computer called mycomputer
on the mydomain.com domain, check the following:
DRIVE_LETTER:\>ping mycomputer
Ping itself using just the
hostname.
Reply from 10.10.10.10
Returns local IP.
DRIVE_LETTER:\>ping mycomputer.mydomain.com
Ping using a fully qualified
name.
Reply from 10.10.10.10
Returns local IP.
Note: When you ping a computer from itself, the ping command
should return the local IP address (the IP address of the loopback
adapter).
If the ping command fails, contact your network administrator.
Connecting the Computer to the Network after Installation
If you connect the computer to a network after installation, the Oracle Database
instance on your computer can work with other instances on the network. Remember
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-11
Checking the Network Setup
that you must have installed a loopback adapter on your computer. Your computer
can use a static IP or DHCP, depending on the network to which you are connected.
2.6.4 Installing a Loopback Adapter
When you install a loopback adapter, the loopback adapter assigns a local IP address
for your computer. After the loopback adapter is installed, there are at least two
network adapters on your computer: your own network adapter and the loopback
adapter. To run Oracle Database on Windows, set the loopback adapter as the
primary adapter.
You can change the bind order for the adapters without reinstalling the loopback
adapter. The bind order of the adapters to the protocol indicates the order in which the
adapters are used. When the loopback adapter is used first for the TCP/IP protocol, all
programs that access TCP/IP first probe the loopback adapter. The local address is
used for tools, such as Oracle Enterprise Manager. Any other applications that use a
different Ethernet segment are routed to the network card.
A loopback adapter is required if:
■
■
You are installing on a DHCP computer, or
You are installing on a non-networked computer and plan to connect the
computer to a network after installation.
"Installing Oracle Database on Nonnetworked
Computers" on page 2-11
See Also:
This section covers the following topics:
■
■
Checking if a Loopback Adapter Is Installed on Your Computer
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2,
or Windows XP
■
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008
■
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2
■
■
Installing Microsoft KM-TEST Loopback Adapter on Windows 8, Windows 8.1,
and Windows Server 2012
Removing a Loopback Adapter
2.6.4.1 Checking if a Loopback Adapter Is Installed on Your Computer
To check if a loopback adapter is installed on your computer, run the ipconfig /all
command:
DRIVE_LETTER:\>ipconfig /all
Loopback Adapter installed on the computer should be made
the Primary Network Adapter.
Note:
If there is a loopback adapter installed, you would see a section that lists the values for
the loopback adapter. For example:
Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection 2:
Connection-specific DNS Suffix . :
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Microsoft Loopback Adapter
2-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Checking the Network Setup
Physical Address.
DHCP Enabled. . .
IP Address. . . .
Subnet Mask . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
:
:
:
:
02-00-4C-4F-4F-50
No
10.10.10.10
255.255.0.0
2.6.4.2 Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server
2003 R2, or Windows XP
To install a loopback adapter on Windows 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, or
Windows XP:
1.
Open the Windows Control Panel.
2.
Double-click Add Hardware to start the Add Hardware wizard.
3.
In the Welcome window, click Next.
4.
In the Is the hardware connected? window, select Yes, I have already connected
the hardware, and click Next.
5.
In the The following hardware is already installed on your computer window, in
the list of installed hardware, select Add a new hardware device, and click Next.
6.
In the The wizard can help you install other hardware window, select Install the
hardware that I manually select from a list, and click Next.
7.
From the list of common hardware types, select Network adapters, and click Next.
8.
In the Select Network Adapter window, make the following selections:
9.
■
Manufacturer: Select Microsoft.
■
Network Adapter: Select Microsoft Loopback Adapter.
Click Next.
10. In the The wizard is ready to install your hardware window, click Next.
11. In the Completing the Add Hardware Wizard window, click Finish.
12. If you are using Windows 2003, restart your computer.
13. Right-click My Network Places on the desktop and choose Properties. This
displays the Network Connections Control Panel item.
14. Right-click the connection that was just created. This is usually named "Local Area
Connection 2". Choose Properties.
15. On the General tab, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), and click Properties.
16. In the Properties dialog box, click Use the following IP address and do the
following:
a.
IP Address: Enter a non-routable IP for the loopback adapter. Oracle
recommends the following non-routable addresses:
–
192.168.x.x (x is any value between 0 and 255)
–
10.10.10.10
b.
Subnet mask: Enter 255.255.255.0.
c.
Record the values you entered, which you need later in this procedure.
d.
Leave all other fields empty.
e.
Click OK.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-13
Checking the Network Setup
17. Click Close.
18. Close Network Connections.
19. Restart the computer.
20. Add a line to the DRIVE_LETTER:\ WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file
with the following format, after the localhost line:
IP_address
hostname.domainname
hostname
where:
■
IP_address is the non-routable IP address you entered in step 16.
■
hostname is the name of the computer.
■
domainname is the name of the domain.
For example:
10.10.10.10
mycomputer.mydomain.com
mycomputer
21. Check the network configuration:
Note:
Domain name is optional.
a.
Open System in the Control Panel, and select the Computer Name tab. In
Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, the Computer Name tab is not
available. In Full computer name, make sure you see the host name and the
domain name, for example, sales.us.example.com.
b.
Click Change. In Computer name, you should see the host name, and in Full
computer name, you should see the host name and domain name. Using the
previous example, the host name would be sales and the domain would be
us.example.com.
c.
Click More. In Primary DNS suffix of this computer, you should see the
domain name, for example, us.example.com.
2.6.4.3 Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008
To install a loopback adapter on Windows Vista or Windows Server 2008:
1.
Open the Windows Control Panel.
2.
Double-click Add Hardware to start the Add Hardware wizard.
3.
In the Welcome window, click Next.
4.
In the The wizard can help you install other hardware window, select Install the
hardware that I manually select from a list, and click Next.
5.
From the list of hardware types, select the type of hardware you are installing
window, select Network adapters, and click Next.
6.
In the Select Network Adapter window, make the following selections:
7.
■
Manufacturer: Select Microsoft.
■
Network Adapter: Select Microsoft Loopback Adapter.
Click Next.
2-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Individual Component Requirements
8.
In the The wizard is ready to install your hardware window, click Next.
9.
In the Completing the Add Hardware Wizard window, click Finish.
10. Go to step 12 of the previous section. The remaining steps are the same as given
for Windows Vista.
2.6.4.4 Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2
To install a loopback adapter on Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2:
1.
Click Start and enter hdwwiz in the Search box.
2.
Click hdwwiz to start the Add Hardware wizard.
3.
Go to step 3 of "Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Server 2003, Windows
Server 2003 R2, or Windows XP" on page 2-13. The remaining steps are the same
as given for Windows XP.
2.6.4.5 Installing Microsoft KM-TEST Loopback Adapter on Windows 8, Windows
8.1, and Windows Server 2012
To install a loopback adapter on Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2012:
1.
Complete steps 1-5 of "Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Server 2003,
Windows Server 2003 R2, or Windows XP" on page 2-13.
2.
In the Select Network Adapter window, make the following selections:
■
Manufacturer: Select Microsoft.
■
Network Adapter: Select Microsoft KM-TEST Loopback Adapter.
Then continue with the same steps as given for Windows Server 2008.
2.6.4.6 Removing a Loopback Adapter
To remove a loopback adapter:
1.
Display System in the Windows Control Panel.
2.
In the Hardware tab, click Device Manager. This tab is not available with
Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. Click Device Manager instead.
3.
In the Device Manager window, expand Network adapters. You should see
Microsoft Loopback Adapter.
4.
Right-click Microsoft Loopback Adapter and select Uninstall.
5.
Click OK.
6.
Restart the computer.
7.
Remove the line from the DRIVE_LETTER:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc\hosts
file, added after the localhost line while installing the loopback adapter on other
Windows operating systems.
2.7 Individual Component Requirements
This section contains these topics:
■
Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery Files
■
Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files
■
Oracle Database Security Strong Authentication Requirements
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-15
Individual Component Requirements
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager Requirements
■
Oracle-Managed Files Requirements
■
Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC)
■
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer
■
Preinstallation Requirement for Oracle Database Vault
See Also:
■
■
■
Chapter 2, "Oracle Application Express Installation Requirements"
and "Recommended Pre-installation Tasks" in Oracle Application
Express Installation Guide
"Pre-installation Requirements" section in Oracle Configuration
Manager Installation and Administration Guide and Oracle
Configuration Manager Prerequisites for preinstallation
requirements for Oracle Configuration Manager
Appendix A, "Country Codes", in Oracle Configuration Manager
Installation and Administration Guide for a list of valid country
codes that can be used while installing Oracle Configuration
Manager.
2.7.1 Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery Files
This section describes the storage options for storing Oracle data files and, optionally,
Oracle database recovery files. After you choose the storage method to use for each file
type, use the following sections to configure the required storage:
■
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Data Files
■
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Database Recovery Files
■
Configuring Disk Storage
Note:
You do not have to use the same storage option for each file
type.
2.7.1.1 Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Data Files
If you want to create a database during the installation, you must choose one of the
following storage options for the data files:
■
File system
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management
The database files must be placed on Oracle ASM if using Oracle ACFS; otherwise
they can be placed on NTFS.
2.7.1.2 Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Database Recovery Files
If you want to enable automated backups during the installation, you must choose one
of the following storage options for recovery files (the fast recovery area):
■
File system
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management
2-16 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Individual Component Requirements
The storage option that you choose for recovery files can be the same as or different to
the option you choose for the data files. The recovery files must be placed on Oracle
ASM if using Oracle ACFS; otherwise they can be placed on NTFS.
2.7.1.3 Configuring Disk Storage
For more information about these options, see the "Database Storage Options" section
on page 1-12. For information about how to configure disk storage before you start the
installation, see one of the following sections depending on your choice:
■
■
To use a file system for database or recovery file storage, see the "Creating
Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files" section on page 2-17.
To use Oracle Automatic Storage Management for database or recovery file
storage, see the "Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Installation" section on page 3-5.
2.7.2 Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files
If you decide to place the Oracle database or recovery files on a file system, use the
following guidelines when deciding where to place them:
■
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Data Files on a File System
■
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Recovery Files on a File System
■
Creating Required Directories
2.7.2.1 Guidelines for Placing Oracle Data Files on a File System
■
You can choose either a single file system or multiple file systems to store the data
files:
–
If you want to use a single file system, then choose a file system on a physical
device that is dedicated to the database.
For best performance and reliability, choose a redundant array of independent
disks (RAID) device or a logical volume on multiple physical devices and
implement the stripe and mirror everything (SAME) methodology.
–
If you want to use multiple file systems, then choose file systems on separate
physical devices that are dedicated to the database.
Select this method to distribute physical I/O and create separate control files
on different devices for increased reliability. You must choose the Advanced
database creation option during the installation to implement this method.
■
If you intend to create a preconfigured database during the installation, then the
file system (or file systems) that you choose must have at least 950 MB of free disk
space.
For production databases, you must estimate the disk space requirement
depending how you plan to use database.
■
■
For optimum performance, the file systems that you choose should be on physical
devices that are used only by the database.
The default location suggested by Oracle Universal Installer for the database file
directory is a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory. However, this default
location is not recommended for production databases.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-17
Individual Component Requirements
2.7.2.2 Guidelines for Placing Oracle Recovery Files on a File System
Note: You must choose a location for recovery files only if you
intend to enable automated backups during the installation.
If you place the Oracle recovery files on a file system, use the following guidelines
when deciding where to place them:
■
To prevent disk failure from making both the data files and the recovery files
unavailable, place the recovery files in a file system on a different physical disk
from the data files.
Alternatively, for both data files and recovery files, use an
Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group.
Note:
■
The file system that you choose should have at least 2 GB of free disk space.
The disk space requirement is the default disk quota configured for the fast
recovery area (specified by the DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST_SIZE initialization
parameter).
If you choose the Advanced database configuration option, you can specify a
different disk quota value. After you create the database, you can also use Oracle
Enterprise Manager Grid Control or Database Control to specify a different value.
See Also: Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide for more
information about the fast recovery area
■
The default location suggested by Oracle Universal Installer for the database file
directory is a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory. However, this default
location is not recommended for production databases.
2.7.2.3 Creating Required Directories
You must complete this procedure only to place the Oracle
database or recovery files on a separate file system from the Oracle
base directory.
Note:
To create directories for the Oracle database or recovery files on separate file systems
from the Oracle base directory, follow these steps:
1.
Use Windows Explorer to determine the free disk space on the file system.
2.
From the display, identify the file systems to use:
File Type
File System Requirements
Data files
Choose either:
■
■
Recovery files
A single file system with at least 950 MB of free disk space.
Two or more file systems with at least 950 MB of free disk
space in total.
Choose a file system with at least 2 GB of free disk space.
2-18 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Individual Component Requirements
If you are using the same file system for multiple types of files, then add the disk
space requirements for each type to determine the total disk space requirement.
3.
Note the names of the directories for the file systems that you identified.
4.
If you also want to use Oracle Automatic Storage Management, see "Preparing
Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation" on page 3-5 for
instructions. Otherwise see the "Stopping Existing Oracle Services" section on
page 2-19.
2.7.3 Stopping Existing Oracle Services
If you are installing additional Oracle Database 11g
products in an existing Oracle home, then stop all processes
running in the Oracle home. You must complete this task because
you cannot overwrite files that are used by the running processes.
Note:
Consider the following before you install Oracle Grid Infrastructure or Oracle
Database:
■
If you plan to use Oracle Restart, you must install the Oracle Grid Infrastructure
before you install and create the database. When you perform a database
installation, the database must use the same listener created during the Oracle
Grid Infrastructure installation, thereafter you do not have to perform the steps
listed in this section.
The default listener and any additional listeners must run from the Oracle Grid
Infrastructure home.
■
If you have an existing Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) running on Oracle
Automatic Storage Management, then stop any existing Oracle ASM instance.
After you finish installing the Oracle Grid Infrastructure software, start the Oracle
ASM instance again.
If you choose to create a database during the installation, then most installation types
configure and start a default Oracle Net listener using TCP/IP port 1521 and the IPC
key value EXTPROC. However, if an existing Oracle Net listener process is using the
same port or key value, Oracle Universal Installer looks for the next available free port
(for example, 1522) and configures and starts the new listener on this available free
port.
2.7.4 Oracle Database Security Strong Authentication Requirements
Ensure that you meet the hardware and software requirements so that you can use
strong authentication (Kerberos, PKI) with Oracle Database.
2.7.5 Oracle Enterprise Manager Requirements
All Oracle Enterprise Manager products must belong to the same release. Older
versions of Enterprise Manager are not supported with the new release.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-19
Individual Component Requirements
All Oracle Enterprise Manager products, except Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Control, are released on the Enterprise
Manager Grid Control installation media. Enterprise Manager
Database Control is available on the Oracle Database installation
media.
Note:
See Also:
■
"Web Browser Support"
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Basic Installation Guide
2.7.6 Oracle-Managed Files Requirements
If you choose the Advanced database creation option, you can use the Oracle-managed
files feature with the new database. If you use this feature, you need only specify the
database object name instead of file names when creating or deleting database files.
Configuration procedures are required to enable Oracle Managed Files.
"Using Oracle-Managed Files" in Oracle Database
Administrator's Guide
See Also:
2.7.7 Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC)
If you plan to install Oracle RAC or a grid computing environment, then you must
first install Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster.
See Also: Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide and Oracle
Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide, available on the Oracle
Clusterware installation media
2.7.8 Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service Writer is supported on Windows Server
operating systems. On Windows Server 2003 without Service Pack 1, you can have
only one database on the system. With Service Pack 1 or higher, you can have multiple
Oracle databases on the system.
See Also: "Performing Database Backup and Recovery with VSS" in
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
2.7.9 Preinstallation Requirement for Oracle Database Vault
If you want to install Oracle Database Vault, then set the DB_BLOCK_SIZE initialization
parameter to 4096 or larger. If the value is less than 4096, then you cannot change it.
The only way to change the DB_BLOCK_SIZE value is by re-creating the database.
See Also: "Specifying Database Block Sizes" in Oracle Database
Administrator's Guide
2-20 Oracle Database Installation Guide
3
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone
Server
3
Oracle Grid Infrastructure is available only on 64-bit
Windows.
Note:
The Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server is the Oracle software that
provides system support for an Oracle database including volume management, file
system, and automatic restart capabilities. If you plan to use Oracle Restart or Oracle
Automatic Storage Management, then you must install Oracle Grid Infrastructure
before you install and create the database. Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone
server is the software that includes Oracle Restart and Oracle Automatic Storage
Management. Oracle combines the two infrastructure products into a single set of
binaries that is installed as the Oracle Grid Infrastructure home.
Oracle Automatic Storage Management is a volume manager and a file system for
Oracle database files that supports single-instance Oracle Database and Oracle Real
Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) configurations. Oracle Automatic Storage
Management also supports a general-purpose file system for your application needs,
including Oracle Database binaries. Oracle Automatic Storage Management is
Oracle's recommended storage management solution that provides an alternative to
conventional volume managers, file systems, and raw devices.
Oracle Restart improves the availability of your Oracle database because of the
following:
■
■
■
When a hardware or a software failure occurs, Oracle Restart automatically starts
all Oracle components, including the Oracle database instance, Oracle Net
Listener, database services, and Oracle Automatic Storage Management.
Oracle Restart starts components in the proper order when the database host is
restarted.
Oracle Restart runs periodic checks to monitor the health of Oracle components. If
a check operation fails for a component, then the component is shut down and
restarted.
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server 3-1
Requirements for Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation
Note:
■
■
If you want to use Oracle Automatic Storage Management or
Oracle Restart, then you must install Oracle Grid Infrastructure
for a standalone server before you install and create the database.
Otherwise, you must manually register the database with Oracle
Restart.
Oracle Restart is used in single-instance (nonclustered)
environments only.
This chapter contains the following sections:
■
Requirements for Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation
■
Oracle ACFS and Oracle ADVM Support
■
Managing Disk Groups for Older Database Versions
■
Upgrading Existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management Instances
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation Considerations
■
Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
■
Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure Using a Software-Only Installation
■
Installing and Configuring the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
■
Modifying Oracle Grid Infrastructure Binaries After Installation
■
Manually Configuring Oracle Automatic Storage Management Disk Groups
■
Testing the Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
3.1 Requirements for Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation
Before you install Oracle Grid Infrastructure, ensure that your system meets the
following requirements:
■
Memory Requirements
■
Disk Space Requirements
3.1.1 Memory Requirements
At least 1 GB of RAM (for Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
installations, including installations where you plan to install Oracle Database).
3.1.2 Disk Space Requirements
The following are the disk space requirements for installing Oracle Grid
Infrastructure:
At least 2.2 GB of disk space
The amount of disk space available in the %TEMP% directory is equivalent to the total
amount of free disk space, minus what is required for Oracle Grid Infrastructure to be
installed.
If less than 1 GB free disk space is available in the %TEMP% directory, then complete
the following steps:
3-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle ACFS and Oracle ADVM Support
■
■
Delete unnecessary files from the %TEMP% directory to meet the disk space
requirement.
Set TEMP environment variable. Go to System Properties, then Environment
Variables , "TEMP=C:\Temp\"
If you plan to install Oracle Database, then you must meet additional preinstallation
requirements. See Chapter 2, "Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements."
3.2 Oracle ACFS and Oracle ADVM Support
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS) extends
Oracle Automatic Storage Management technology to support of all of your
application data in both single host and cluster configurations. Oracle Automatic
Storage Management Dynamic Volume Manager (Oracle ADVM) provides volume
management services and a standard disk device driver interface to clients. Oracle
Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System is layered on Oracle Automatic
Storage Management through the Oracle Automatic Storage Management Dynamic
Volume Manager interface.
For Oracle ASM 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.1), Oracle ACFS and Oracle ADVM are
supported only on Windows Server 2003 64-bit and Windows Server 2003 R2 64-bit.
Starting with Oracle ASM 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2), Oracle ACFS and Oracle ADVM are
also supported on Windows Server 2008, x64 and Windows Server 2008 R2, x64.
Table 3–1
Platforms That Support Oracle ACFS and Oracle ADVM
Release
Platform / Operating System
11.2.0.1 and later
Windows Server 2003 64-bit and Windows Server 2003 R2 64-bit
11.2.0.2 and later
Windows Server 2008 64-bit and Windows Server 2008 R2 64-bit
11.2.0.3 and later
Windows Server 2008 64-bit and Windows Server 2008 R2 64-bit
See Also: For current information on platforms and releases that
support Oracle ACFS and Oracle ADVM refer to My Oracle Support
Note 1369107.1 at:
https://support.oracle.com/CSP/main/article?cmd=show&type=NO
T&id=1369107.1
Oracle recommends that Oracle data files are installed in
Oracle ASM disk groups. Installing Oracle data files on an Oracle
ACFS file system is not supported. Oracle ACFS can be used as an
option only when Oracle Automatic Storage Management is
configured.
Note:
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Release Notes for Microsoft Windows for latest
information about supported platforms and releases
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for
more information about Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Cluster File System and Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Dynamic Volume Manager
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server 3-3
Managing Disk Groups for Older Database Versions
3.3 Managing Disk Groups for Older Database Versions
Use Oracle ASM Configuration Assistant (Oracle ASMCA) to create and modify disk
groups when you install earlier version of Oracle databases on Oracle Grid
Infrastructure installations.
Releases before Oracle Database 11g Release 2 used Database Configuration Assistant
to perform administrative tasks on Oracle ASM. Starting with 11g Release 2 (11.2),
Oracle ASM is installed with Oracle Restart. You can no longer use Oracle DBCA to
perform administrative tasks on Oracle ASM.
See Also: Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
for details about configuring disk group compatibility for databases
using Oracle Database 11g.
3.4 Upgrading Existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management Instances
If you have an Oracle Automatic Storage Management installation from a previous
release installed on your server, or in an existing Oracle Grid Infrastructure
installation, you can use Oracle Automatic Storage Management Configuration
Assistant to upgrade the existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance to
11g Release 2 (11.2), and subsequently configure disk groups, Oracle Automatic
Storage Management volumes and Oracle Automatic Storage Management file
systems.
You must first shut down all databases and applications using
an existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance before
upgrading it.
Note:
During installation, if you chose to use Oracle Automatic Storage Management and
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assistant detects that there is
an earlier Oracle Automatic Storage Management version installed in another Oracle
Automatic Storage Management home, then after installing the Oracle Automatic
Storage Management 11g Release 2 (11.2) binaries, you can start Oracle Automatic
Storage Management Configuration Assistant to upgrade the existing Oracle
Automatic Storage Management instance.
3.5 Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation Considerations
In previous releases, Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) was
installed as part of the Oracle Database installation. With Oracle Database 11g Release
2 (11.2), Oracle Automatic Storage Management is part of an Oracle Grid
Infrastructure installation, either for a cluster, or for a standalone server.
If you want to upgrade an existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management
installation, then you must upgrade Oracle Automatic Storage Management by
running an Oracle Grid Infrastructure upgrade (upgrades of existing Oracle
Automatic Storage Management installations). If you do not have Oracle Automatic
Storage Management installed and you want to use Oracle Automatic Storage
Management as your storage option, then you must complete an Oracle Grid
Infrastructure installation before you start your Oracle Database installation.
You must run Oracle Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assistant for
installing and configuring Oracle ASM instances, disk groups, volumes, and Oracle
3-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System (Oracle ACFS). In addition, you
can use the ASMCA command-line interface.
See Also: Chapter 11, "Oracle ASM Configuration Assistant" in
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for
information about Oracle ASMCA
Apply the following guidelines when you install Oracle Automatic Storage
Management:
■
■
■
■
You must complete the steps listed under the "Preparing Disks for an Oracle
Automatic Storage Management Installation" section to prepare a disk partition to
use for the Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk groups.
Ensure that at least one disk is configured appropriately in an Oracle ASM disk
group before beginning the installation.
When you install Oracle Automatic Storage Management, Oracle Automatic
Storage Management Configuration Assistant creates a separate server parameter
file (SPFILE) and password file for the Oracle Automatic Storage Management
instance. As soon as Oracle Automatic Storage Management is installed, ASMSNMP
schema and user are created. See Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Administrator's Guide for more information.
The Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance that manages the existing
disk group runs in the Oracle Grid Infrastructure Oracle home directory.
3.6 Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Installation
If you plan to use Oracle Automatic Storage Management to manage database files for
your databases, then use the procedures in this section to prepare disk groups before
you install an Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance.
This section covers the following topics:
■
■
■
■
General Steps for Configuring Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Step 1: Identifying Storage Requirements for Oracle Automatic Storage
Management
Step 2: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions for an Oracle Automatic Storage
Management Instance
Step 3: Manually Configuring Disks for Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Oracle does not recommend using identifiers for database
object names that must be quoted. While these quoted identifiers may
be valid as names in the SQL CREATE statement, such as CREATE
DISKGROUP "1data" ..., the names may not be valid when using
other tools that manage the database object.
Note:
3.6.1 General Steps for Configuring Oracle Automatic Storage Management
The following are the general steps to configure Oracle Automatic Storage
Management:
1.
Identify your site’s storage requirements.
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server 3-5
Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
2.
If you are creating a new Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group,
create partitions for direct attached storage (DAS) or storage area network (SAN)
disks.
3.
Use asmtool to stamp the disks before using them for Oracle Automatic Storage
Management.
"Step 3: Manually Configuring Disks for Oracle Automatic
Storage Management" on page 3-11 for more information about
stamping the disks
See Also:
4.
Configure the disks for use with Oracle Automatic Storage Management. You
must provide the Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk configuration
information during the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation.
3.6.2 Step 1: Identifying Storage Requirements for Oracle Automatic Storage
Management
To identify the storage requirements for using Oracle Automatic Storage Management,
you must determine how many devices and the amount of free disk space that you
require. To complete this task, follow these steps:
1.
Determine whether you want to use Oracle Automatic Storage Management for
Oracle data files, recovery files, or both.
You do not have to use the same storage mechanism for Oracle
Database files and recovery files. You can use a file system for one file
type and Oracle Automatic Storage Management for the other.
Note:
If you choose to enable automated backups and you do not have a
shared file system, then you must choose Oracle Automatic Storage
Management for recovery file storage.
During the database installation, if you plan to enable automated backups, then
you can choose Oracle Automatic Storage Management as the storage mechanism
for recovery files by specifying an Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk
group for the fast recovery area. Depending how you choose to create a database
during the installation, you have the following options:
■
You can run Oracle Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assistant
in interactive mode to create and configure the required disk groups.
During the database installation, if you select an installation method that runs
Database Configuration Assistant in interactive mode (Advanced Installation
type), then you select the disk groups that you created using Oracle ASMCA.
You have the option to use the disk groups you created using Oracle ASMCA
both for database files and recovery files, or you can choose to use different
disk groups for each file type. Ideally, you should create separate Oracle
Automatic Storage Management disk groups for data files and for recovery
files.
■
If you run Oracle ASMCA in noninteractive mode, then you must use the
same Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group for data files and
recovery files. During the database installation (Typical Install type), you
select the same disk group for both data files and recovery files.
3-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
See Also:
■
■
2.
"Oracle ASM Configuration Assistant Command-Line Interface"
section in Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's
Guide
"Creating a Fast Recovery Area Disk Group"
Choose the Oracle Automatic Storage Management redundancy level for each
Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group you create.
The redundancy level that you choose for the Oracle Automatic Storage
Management disk group determines how Oracle Automatic Storage Management
mirrors files in the disk group and determines the number of disks and amount of
disk space that you require. The redundancy levels are as follows:
■
External redundancy
An external redundancy disk group requires a minimum of one disk device.
The effective disk space in an external redundancy disk group is the sum of
the disk space in all of its devices.
Because Oracle Automatic Storage Management does not mirror data in an
external redundancy disk group, Oracle recommends that you use only RAID
or similar devices that provide their own data protection mechanisms as disk
devices in this type of disk group.
■
Normal redundancy
To optimize performance and reliability in a normal redundancy disk group,
Oracle Automatic Storage Management uses two-way mirroring for data files
and three-way mirroring for control files, by default. In addition, you can
choose the mirroring characteristics for individual files in a disk group.
Alternatively, you can use two-way mirroring or no mirroring.
A normal redundancy disk group requires a minimum of two failure groups
(or two disk devices) if you are using two-way mirroring. The effective disk
space in a normal redundancy disk group is half the sum of the disk space in
all of its devices.
For most installations, Oracle recommends that you use normal redundancy
disk groups.
■
High redundancy
In a high redundancy disk group, Oracle Automatic Storage Management uses
three-way mirroring to increase performance and provide the highest level of
reliability. A high redundancy disk group requires a minimum of three disk
devices (or three failure groups). The effective disk space in a high
redundancy disk group is one-third the sum of the disk space in all of its
devices.
While high redundancy disk groups do provide a high level of data
protection, you must consider the higher cost of additional storage devices
before deciding to use this redundancy level.
3.
Determine the total amount of disk space that you require for the data files and
recovery files.
Use the following table to determine the minimum number of disks and the
minimum disk space requirements for the installation:
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server 3-7
Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
Redundancy
Level
Minimum Number
Data Files
of Disks
Recovery
Files
Both File
Types
External
1
1.6 GB
2.95 GB
4.55 GB
Normal
2
3.2 GB
5.90 GB
9.10 GB
High
3
4.8 GB
8.85 GB
13.65 GB
If an Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance is on the system, you can
use an existing disk group to meet these storage requirements. If necessary, you
can add disks to an existing disk group during the database installation.
4.
Optionally identify failure groups for the Oracle Automatic Storage Management
disk group devices.
You must complete this step only if you intend to use an
installation method that runs Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Configuration Assistant in interactive mode, for example, if you
intend to choose the Advanced database configuration option. Other
installation types do not allow you to specify failure groups.
Note:
If you intend to use a normal or high redundancy disk group, you can further
protect your database against hardware failure by associating a set of disk devices
in a custom failure group. By default, each device comprises its own failure group.
However, if two disk devices in a normal redundancy disk group are attached to
the same SCSI controller, the disk group becomes unavailable if the controller
fails. The controller in this example is a single point of failure.
For instance, to avoid failures of this type, you could use two SCSI controllers,
each with two disks, and define a failure group for the disks attached to each
controller. This configuration would enable the disk group to tolerate the failure of
one SCSI controller.
If you define custom failure groups, you must specify a
minimum of two failure groups for normal redundancy disk groups
and three failure groups for high redundancy disk groups.
Note:
5.
If you are sure that a suitable disk group does not exist on the system, install or
identify appropriate disk devices to add to a new disk group. Use the following
guidelines when identifying appropriate disk devices:
■
■
■
All of the devices in an Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group
should be the same size and have the same performance characteristics.
Do not specify multiple partitions on a single physical disk as a disk group
device. Oracle Automatic Storage Management expects each disk group
device to be on a separate physical disk.
Although you can specify a logical volume as a device in an Oracle Automatic
Storage Management disk group, Oracle does not recommend their use.
Logical volume managers can hide the physical disk architecture, preventing
Oracle Automatic Storage Management from optimizing I/O across the
physical devices.
3-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
"Step 3: Manually Configuring Disks for Oracle Automatic
Storage Management" on page 3-11 for information about completing
this task
See Also:
3.6.3 Step 2: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions for an Oracle Automatic Storage
Management Instance
In order to use a DAS or SAN disk in Oracle Automatic Storage Management, the disk
must have a partition table. Oracle recommends creating exactly one partition for each
disk containing the entire disk.
You can use any physical disk for Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, if it is partitioned. However, you cannot use NAS or
Microsoft dynamic disks.
Note:
This section covers the following topics.
■
Step 1: Enabling Disk Automounting
■
Step 2: Creating the Disk Partitions
Step 1: Enabling Disk Automounting
Before you can configure partitions or logical drives on Windows, you must enable
disk automounting. Enable disk automounting when using:
■
Disk partitions on both single-instance and Oracle RAC installations
■
Cluster file system for Oracle RAC
■
Oracle Clusterware
■
Raw partitions for a single-node database installation
■
Primary or logical partitions for Oracle Automatic Storage Management
To enable automounting:
1.
Enter the following commands at a command prompt:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> diskpart
DISKPART> automount enable
DISKPART> exit
2.
Restart your computer.
Step 2: Creating the Disk Partitions
To create disk partitions, use the disk administration tools provided by the operating
system or third party vendors. The following administration tools are provided by the
operating system:
■
The graphical user interface Disk Management snap-in to manage disks.
To access this tool, type diskmgmt.msc at the command prompt. Alternatively,
from the Start menu, select Programs, then Administrative Tools, then Computer
Management. Then select the Disk Management node in the Storage tree.
On Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008
R2, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2012, create primary partitions
and logical drives in extended partitions by selecting the New Simple Volume
option. To create a raw device, assign a drive letter and remove the letter after the
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server 3-9
Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
partition is created. For other Windows, you must not assign the drive letter. You
must select Do not format this partition to specify raw partition. Do not use
spanned volumes or striped volumes. These options convert the volume to a
dynamic disk. Oracle Automatic Storage Management does not support dynamic
disks.
For other Windows, create primary partitions by selecting the New Partition
option. Create the logical drives by selecting the New Logical Drive option.
■
The command-line tool diskpart.exe, which lets you create primary partitions,
extended partitions, and logical drives.
To access this tool, enter diskpart.exe at the command prompt. The syntax for
using diskpart.exe for the procedures in this section is as follows:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> diskpart
DISKPART> select disk diskn
DISKPART> create partition primary | extended | logical size=sizen
DISKPART>
where:
■
diskpart.exe is the command-line tool for managing disks.
■
diskn is the disk number where the partitions are created.
■
sizen is the size of the partition, for example 500 represents 500 MB.
See Also: The online help or documentation for the administration
tool you are using
You can enter the diskpart.exe commands directly at the command line;
alternatively, you can enter the commands in a text file, and then run diskpart /s
using this file as a script.
You cannot create more than four primary disk partitions per disk. If you need more,
you can get around this limitation by creating three primary partitions and then
creating the fourth partition as an extended partition with as many logical partitions
within as you need.
For example, on Windows x86-based systems, to create the disk partitions on Disk 5
and assign them each a size:
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
select
create
...
create
create
...
create
disk 5
partition primary size=500
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
select disk 5
create partition primary size=500
...
create partition primary size=800
partition extended
partition logical size=800
partition logical size=500
If you prefer to use logical drives, you can create an extended partition and then
assign the logical drives within it. For example:
DISKPART> create partition extended
DISKPART> create partition logical size=500
DISKPART> create partition logical size=700
3-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
3.6.4 Step 3: Manually Configuring Disks for Oracle Automatic Storage Management
To use Oracle Automatic Storage Management with direct attached storage (DAS) or
storage area network (SAN), the disks must be stamped with a header. If you install
Oracle Grid Infrastructure in interactive mode, Oracle Universal Installer configures
the disks’ headers during the installation process. However, if you plan to install
Oracle Grid Infrastructure in response file mode, you must manually configure the
disks before installation by using either asmtoolg (GUI version) or asmtool
(command-line version). You can also use these tools to reconfigure the disks later on
after installation. The asmtoolg and asmtool utilities only work on partitioned
disks—you cannot use Oracle Automatic Storage Management on unpartitioned disks.
The asmtoolg and asmtool tools associate meaningful, persistent names with disks to
facilitate using those disks with Oracle Automatic Storage Management. Oracle
Automatic Storage Management uses disk strings to more easily operate on groups of
disks at once, so the names that asmtoolg or asmtool creates make this easier than
using Windows drive letters.
All disk names created by asmtoolg or asmtool begin with the prefix ORCLDISK
followed by a user-defined prefix (the default is DATA) and a disk number for
identification purposes.
Using the asmtoolg Tool (Graphical User Interface)
The asmtoolg tool is a graphical interface for creating device names. Use asmtoolg to
add, change, delete, and examine the devices available for use in Oracle Automatic
Storage Management.
To add or change disk stamps:
1.
In the installation media labeled Oracle Grid Infrastructure 11g Release 2 (11.2),
from the media root, go to asmtool directory and double-click asmtoolg.exe.
If Oracle Database is installed, go to ORACLE_HOME\bin and double-click
asmtoolg.exe.
On Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7,
Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2012, if User Account Control is
enabled, create a shortcut for the command prompt window on your desktop. An
icon for that shortcut appears on the desktop. Right click the icon for the newly
created shortcut, and specify "Run as administrator." When the command window
opens, go to ORACLE_HOME\bin, and then type asmtoolg.
2.
Select the Add or change label option, then click Next.
The asmtoolg tool shows the devices available on the system. Unrecognized disks
are labeled as "Candidate device", stamped Oracle Automatic Storage
Management disks as "Stamped ASM disk", and unstamped Oracle Automatic
Storage Management disks as "Unstamped ASM disks." The tool also shows disks
that are recognized by Windows as a file system (such as NTFS). These are not
available for use as disks and cannot be selected. In addition, Microsoft Dynamic
disks are not available for use as Oracle Automatic Storage Management disks.
If necessary, follow the steps under "Step 2: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions
for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Instance" on page 3-9 to create a
disk partition for the Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance.
3.
In the Stamp Disks window, select the disks to stamp.
Oracle Automatic Storage Management can generate unique stamps for all of the
devices selected for a given prefix. The stamps are generated by concatenating a
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server 3-11
Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
number with the prefix specified. For example, if the prefix is DATA, then the first
Oracle Automatic Storage Management link name is ORCLDISKDATA0.
You can also specify the stamps of individual devices.
4.
Optionally, select a disk to edit the individual stamp (Oracle Automatic Storage
Management link name).
5.
Click Next.
6.
Click Finish.
To delete disk stamps:
1.
Select the Delete labels option, then click Next.
The delete option is only available if disks exist with stamps. The delete window
shows all stamped Oracle Automatic Storage Management disks.
2.
In the Delete Stamps window, select the disks to unstamp.
3.
Click Next.
4.
Click Finish.
Using the asmtool Utility (Command Line)
The asmtool utility is a command-line interface for stamping disks. On Windows Vista
and Windows Server 2008, if User Account Control is enabled, then you can create a
shortcut for the command prompt window on your desktop. An icon for that shortcut
appears on the desktop. Right-click the icon for the newly created shortcut, and
specify "Run as administrator." Then start asmtool.
It has the following options:
Option
Description
-add
Adds or changes stamps. You must specify the hard disk, partition,
and new stamp name. If the disk is a raw device or has an existing
Oracle Automatic Storage Management stamp, then you must specify
the -force option. Also sets Oracle Automatic Storage Management
instances to rescan the available disks.
If you must partition a disk, then follow the procedures under "Step 2:
Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions for an Oracle Automatic
Storage Management Instance" on page 3-9.
Example:
asmtool -add [-force]
\Device\Harddisk1\Partition1 ORCLDISKASM0
\Device\Harddisk2\Partition1 ORCLDISKASM2...
-addprefix
Adds or changes stamps using a common prefix to generate stamps
automatically. The stamps are generated by concatenating a number
with the prefix specified. If the disk is a raw device or has an existing
Oracle Automatic Storage Management stamp, then you must specify
the -force option. Also sets Oracle Automatic Storage Management
instances to rescan the available disks.
Example:
asmtool -addprefix ORCLDISKASM [-force]
\Device\Harddisk1\Partition1
\Device\Harddisk2\Partition1...
3-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure Using a Software-Only Installation
Option
Description
-list
List available disks. The stamp, windows device name, and disk size
in megabytes are shown. Some disks may be file systems, and cannot
be stamped. If the disk is a raw device or has an existing Oracle
Automatic Storage Management stamp, then you must specify the
-force option.
Example:
asmtool -list [-force]
Removes existing stamps from disks. Also sets Oracle Automatic
Storage Management instances to rescan the available disks.
-delete
Example:
asmtool -delete ORCLDISKASM0 ORCLDISKASM1...
3.7 Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure Using a Software-Only
Installation
A software-only installation only copies the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a
Standalone Server binaries to the specified location. Configuring Oracle Grid
Infrastructure for a Standalone Server and Oracle ASM must be done manually after
the installation has finished.
When you perform a software-only installation of Oracle Grid Infrastructure software,
you must complete a few manual configuration steps to enable Oracle Restart after
you install the software.
Oracle recommends that only advanced users perform the
software-only installation, because this installation method provides
no validation of the installation and this installation option requires
manual postinstallation steps to enable the Oracle Grid Infrastructure
software.
Note:
Performing a software-only installation involves the following steps:
1.
Installing the Software Binaries
2.
Configuring the Software Binaries
3.7.1 Installing the Software Binaries
1.
Log in to Windows using a member of the Administrators group and run the
setup.exe command from the Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) installation
media.
2.
Complete a software-only installation of Oracle Grid Infrastructure.
See "Configuring the Software Binaries" on page 14 for information about
configuring Oracle Grid Infrastructure after performing a software-only
installation.
3.
Verify that the server meets the installation requirements using the command
runcluvfy.bat stage -pre hacfg. Ensure that you have completed all storage
and server preinstallation requirements.
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server 3-13
Installing and Configuring the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
3.7.2 Configuring the Software Binaries
To configure and activate a software-only Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation for
Oracle Restart, complete the following tasks:
1.
Log in as a member of the Administrators group and run the roothas.pl script
from the Grid_home, using the following syntax:
Grid_home\perl\bin\perl -IGrid_home\perl\lib -IGrid_home\crs\install
Grid_home\crs\install\roothas.pl
For example, if your Grid home is C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid, then run
the following script:
C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid\perl\bin\perl -I
C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid\perl\lib -I C:\app
\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid\crs\install
C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid\crs\install\roothas.pl
2.
Change directory to Grid_home\oui\bin, where Grid_home is the path of the
Oracle Grid Infrastructure home.
3.
Enter the following command syntax, where Grid_home is the path of the Oracle
Grid Infrastructure home:
setup.exe -updateNodeList ORACLE_HOME=Grid_home
CLUSTER_NODES= CRS=TRUE
For example:
C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid> setup.exe -updateNodeList ORACLE_
HOME=C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid
CLUSTER_NODES= CRS=TRUE
4.
Use the SRVCTL utility along with Network Configuration Assistant and Oracle
Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assistant to add the listener, the
Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance, and all Oracle Automatic Storage
Management disk groups to the Oracle Restart configuration.
3.8 Installing and Configuring the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a
Standalone Server
If you install Oracle Restart and then create your database, the database is
automatically added to the Oracle Restart configuration, and is then automatically
restarted when required. However, if you install Oracle Restart on a host computer on
which a database exists, you must manually add the database, the listener, the Oracle
Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) instance, and other components to the
Oracle Restart configuration.
Note: Oracle Restart can accommodate multiple single-instance
databases on a single host computer.
This section covers the following topics:
■
Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure with a New Database Installation
■
Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure for an Existing Database
3-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing and Configuring the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
3.8.1 Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure with a New Database Installation
Perform the following steps to install the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone
server and then create a database that is managed by Oracle Restart. First install
Oracle Grid Infrastructure, which installs Oracle Restart and Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, then configure Oracle Automatic Storage Management with at least one
disk group, and then install Oracle database that stores database files in Oracle
Automatic Storage Management disk groups. Click the help button on the Oracle
Universal Installer page for page level assistance.
To install Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server with a new database
installation:
1.
Double-click setup.exe to start Oracle Universal Installer.
You must install Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone
server from the Oracle Grid Infrastructure media.
Note:
Downloading Updates Before Installation
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2), if you plan to run the
installation in a secured data center, then you can download updates before
starting the installation by starting Oracle Universal Installer on a system that has
Internet access in update download mode. To start Oracle Universal Installer to
download updates before installation, enter the following command:
setup.exe -downloadUpdates
Provide the My Oracle Support user name and password, and provide proxy
settings if needed. After you download updates, transfer the update file to a
directory on the server where you plan to run the installation.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and
UNIX for more information about response file formats
"Software Updates Option" on page 1-10
Start Oracle Universal Installer from the terminal session
where you logged in as the Oracle Grid Infrastructure software owner
user and set the user’s environment.
Note:
2.
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2), you can use the Software
Updates feature to dynamically download and apply latest updates. After starting
Oracle Universal Installer, in the Download Software Updates screen, select one of
the following options and click Next:
■
Use My Oracle Support credentials for download: Select this option to
download and apply the latest software updates.
Click Proxy Settings to configure a proxy for Oracle Universal Installer to use
to connect to the Internet. Provide the proxy server information for your site,
along with a user account that has access to the local area network through
which the server is connecting. Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2
(11.2.0.3) you can enter the Proxy Realm information. The proxy realm
information is case-sensitive. If you do not have a proxy realm, then you do
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server 3-15
Installing and Configuring the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
not need to provide an entry for the Proxy Username, Proxy Password, and
Proxy Realm fields.
Click Test Connection to ensure that your proxy settings are correctly entered,
and the installer can download the updates.
■
■
3.
Use pre-downloaded software updates: Select this option to apply the
software updates previously downloaded using the -downloadUpdates flag.
Skip software updates: Select this option if you do not want to apply any
updates.
The Apply Software Updates screen is displayed if you select to download the
software updates or provide the pre-downloaded software updates location.
a.
If you selected Use My Oracle Support credentials for download in the
previous screen, select Download and apply all updates, and then click Next
to apply the updates.
By default, the download location for software updates is placed in the home
directory of the Oracle installation owner you are using to run this installation.
If you choose to download the software updates in another location, then click
Browse and select a different location on your server.
b.
If you selected Use pre-downloaded software updates in the previous screen,
select Apply all updates, and then click Next to apply the updates
downloaded before starting the installation.
4.
The Select Installation Option screen appears. Select the Configure Oracle Grid
Infrastructure for a Standalone Server option, to install and configure Oracle
Restart and Oracle Automatic Storage Management. Click Next.
5.
On the Select Product Languages screen, select one or more languages. Move the
languages from the Available Languages list to the Selected Languages list. Click
Next.
6.
Create ASM Disk Group screen lists all the stamped disks matching the default
pattern, \\.\ORCLDISK. After you have created the disk partitions, the disks must
be stamped with a header before they can be used by Oracle ASM. Click Stamp
Disk.
Click Change Discovery Path to select any devices for use by Oracle Automatic
Storage Management but are not listed. In the Change Discovery Path window,
enter a string to use to search for devices that Oracle Automatic Storage
Management uses, such as \\.\ORCLDISK*, and then click OK.
The Disk Group Name default is DATA. You can enter a new name for the disk
group, or use the default name.
Check with your system administrator to determine if the disks used by Oracle
Automatic Storage Management are mirrored at the storage level. If so, select
External for the redundancy. If the disks are not mirrored at the storage level, then
select Normal for the redundancy.
For normal redundancy, you require twice as much disk space
to hold the same amount of data. For example, if your database is 100
GB, then you approximately require 200 GB of storage.
Note:
Every Oracle ASM disk is divided into allocation units (AU). An allocation unit is
the fundamental unit of allocation within a disk group. Starting with Oracle
3-16 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing and Configuring the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.4), you can select the AU Size value from 1, 2, 4, 8,
16, 32, or 64 MB, depending on the specific disk group compatibility level. The
default value is set to 1 MB.
7.
In the Specify ASM Password screen, enter the password required to connect to
the Oracle ASM instance. The Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance is
managed by a privileged role called SYSASM, which grants full access to Oracle
Automatic Storage Management disk groups. Oracle recommends that you create
a less privileged user, ASMSNMP, with SYSDBA privileges to monitor the Oracle
Automatic Storage Management instance.
Enter password for the SYSASM and ASMSNMP user accounts. The passwords should
be at least eight characters in length and include at least one alphabetic and one
numeric character.
Optionally, you can use the same password for all accounts. However, Oracle
recommends that you specify a different password for each account. You must
remember the passwords that you specify.
8.
On the Specify Installation Location screen, enter the following details and click
Next:
■
■
9.
Oracle base: Enter the directory location for Oracle base. Do not include
spaces in the path name.
Software Location: This field is populated by default in concurrence with
Oracle base location. Do not include spaces in the path name.
Perform Prerequisite Checks screen, checks if the minimum system requirements
are met to perform the database installation. If all the system requirements are
met, then you are directed to the Summary screen. However, in a failed
installation, you can review the error.
To get a failed requirements list, click Show Failed. Click Fix & Check Again, if
you want the installer to fix the problem and check the system requirements once
more. If you click Check Again, then you can run the prerequisite check again to
see if the minimum requirements are met to carry on with the database
installation.
To get a list of failed requirements, select Show Failed from the list. To get a list of
all the prerequirement checks run by the OUI, select Show All. To get a list of the
prerequirement checks that are successful, select Show Succeeded.
Note:
■
■
The Fix & Check Again option generates a script that sets some
system parameters to Oracle-recommended values. Oracle
recommends that you do not modify the contents of this script.
Oracle recommends that you use caution in checking the Ignore
All option. If you check this option, then Oracle Universal
Installer may not confirm that your system can install Oracle
Database successfully.
10. Review contents of the Summary screen, click Install.
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2), you can save all the installation
steps into a response file by clicking Save Response File. This file can be used for
a silent installation.
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server 3-17
Installing and Configuring the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
11. The Setup screen displays the progress of the Oracle Grid Infrastructure
installation.
12. The Finish screen displays the installation status. Click Close to end the
installation, then Yes to confirm you want to exit Oracle Universal Installer.
If you encounter any problems, refer to the configuration log for information. The
path to the configuration log is displayed on the Configuration Assistants
window.
13. Oracle ASMCA is installed as part of the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a
Standalone Server installation. To create additional disk groups, run the Oracle
ASMCA utility. For example, you can create another disk group named RECOVERY
to store the fast recovery area.
To check if the Oracle High Availability Service is installed
properly, run crsctl check has command from Grid_home\bin
directory. has is a service that is installed with Oracle Restart, which is
responsible for starting software services like Oracle Automatic
Storage Management.
Note:
14. Install Oracle Database. Refer to "Installing the Oracle Database Software" on
page 4-11 for information about installing Oracle Database.
Note:
■
■
If a new database is installed after a grid infrastructure
installation, then the listener runs from the Oracle Grid
Infrastructure home. Because Oracle Automatic Storage
Management is installed as part of the Oracle Grid Infrastructure,
the default listener is created and runs from the Oracle Grid
Infrastructure home. If you perform a database installation, then
the database uses the same listener created during the Oracle Grid
Infrastructure installation.
If you are using Oracle Restart, then the default listener and any
additional listeners must run from the Oracle Grid Infrastructure
home.
3.8.2 Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure for an Existing Database
Follow the high-level instructions in this section to install Oracle Grid Infrastructure
and configure it for an existing Oracle database. Oracle Restart can only manage
existing 11.2 resources and hence you can install Oracle Grid Infrastructure only for an
existing 11.2 database. However, Oracle database releases before 11.2 can coexist on
the same server without being managed by Oracle Restart.
To install Oracle Restart for an Existing database:
■
On the same host computer as the database, use Oracle Universal Installer to
install the Oracle Grid Infrastructure, and select Install and Configure Oracle
Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server as the installation option.
The Oracle Grid Infrastructure components are installed in a separate Oracle
home.
3-18 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Manually Configuring Oracle Automatic Storage Management Disk Groups
Refer to "Installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure with a New Database Installation"
section on page 15 for detailed instructions.
■
Go to the Grid home's bin directory.
Use the srvctl add database command with the -c SINGLE flag to add the
database in an Oracle Restart configuration. Also use the srvctl add command to
add the listener, the Oracle ASM instance, all Oracle ASM disk groups, and any
database services to the Oracle Restart configuration.
See Also: "srvctl add" in Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for
more information
3.9 Modifying Oracle Grid Infrastructure Binaries After Installation
After installation, you must first stop the Oracle Restart stack to modify the software
installed in your Grid home. For example, to apply a one-off patch or modify any of
the DLLs used by Oracle Restart or Oracle ASM, you must follow these steps to stop
and restart the Oracle Restart stack.
Caution: To put the changes you make to the Oracle Grid
Infrastructure home into effect, you must shut down all executables
that run in the Grid home directory and then restart them. In addition,
shut down any applications that use Oracle shared libraries or DLL
files in the Grid home.
Prepare the Oracle Grid Infrastructure home for modification using the following
procedure:
1.
Log in using a member of the Administrators group and go to the directory Grid_
home\bin, where Grid_home is the path to the Oracle Grid Infrastructure home.
2.
Shut down the Oracle Restart stack using the following command:
DRIVE_LETTER:\Grid_home\bin> crsctl stop has -f
Alternatively, you can use the roothas.pl script to stop Oracle Restart, as shown
in the following example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\Grid_home\crs\install> perl roothas.pl -unlock
The roothas.pl script stops Oracle Restart and then verifies that it is stopped.
3.
After the Oracle Restart stack is completely shut down, perform the updates to the
software installed in the Grid home.
4.
Use the following command to restart the Oracle Restart stack:
DRIVE_LETTER:\Grid_home\bin> crsctl start has
3.10 Manually Configuring Oracle Automatic Storage Management Disk
Groups
The Oracle Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assistant utility creates a
new Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance if there is no Oracle Automatic
Storage Management instance currently configured on this computer. After installing
Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server 3-19
Testing the Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server, you can also use Oracle
Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assistant to create and configure disk
groups, Oracle Automatic Storage Management Dynamic Volume Manager and
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File System. If you want to create
additional disk groups or manually configure Oracle Automatic Storage Management
disks, then you can run the Oracle Automatic Storage Management Configuration
Assistant as follows:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> cd ORACLE_HOME\bin
DRIVE_LETTER:\> asmca.bat
See Also: Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
for further information about Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Configuration Assistant
3.11 Testing the Oracle Automatic Storage Management Installation
To test the Oracle Automatic Storage Management installation:
1.
Use SQL*Plus to connect to the Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance as
the SYS user with SYSASM privilege and start the instance if necessary:
DRIVE_LETTER:\>sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSASM
Enter password: SYS_password
SQL> STARTUP
2.
Enter the following command to view the existing disk groups, their redundancy
level, and the amount of free disk space in each one:
SQL> SELECT NAME,TYPE,TOTAL_MB,FREE_MB FROM V$ASM_DISKGROUP;
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Utilities for more information about asmcmd
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for a
more detailed description of Oracle Automatic Storage
Management
3-20 Oracle Database Installation Guide
4
4
Installing Oracle Database
You can use 32-bit media for installing Oracle Database on all supported 32-bit
operating systems. You can use 64-bit media for installing Oracle Database on all
supported 64-bit x64 operating systems. This guide is for both Windows 32-bit and
Windows x64. This chapter covers the following topics:
■
Preinstallation Considerations for Installing Oracle Database
■
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
■
Accessing the Installation Software
■
Database Security Options
■
Installing the Oracle Database Software
■
Cloning an Oracle Home
4.1 Preinstallation Considerations for Installing Oracle Database
The Oracle Database software is available on installation media or you can download
it from the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) Web site. In most cases, you use the
graphical user interface (GUI) provided by Oracle Universal Installer to install the
software. However, you can also use Oracle Universal Installer without the GUI by
supplying a response file with silent or response file mode.
Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and later versions
require Administrator privileges at the command prompt.
Note:
See Also:
"Managing User Accounts with User Account Control"
Complete the requirements described in Chapter 2, "Oracle Database Preinstallation
Requirements" and "Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines" on
page 4-3 before you begin the installation.
Next, consider the following issues:
■
Installation Consideration on Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and Later
■
Performing Multiple Oracle Database Installations
■
Installing on Systems That Already Have Oracle Components
■
Installing with Minimum Memory Requirements
Installing Oracle Database 4-1
Preinstallation Considerations for Installing Oracle Database
4.1.1 Installation Consideration on Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and Later
On Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and later versions command prompts
should be opened with Administrator privileges.
4.1.2 Performing Multiple Oracle Database Installations
If you must perform multiple installations of Oracle Database, then you may want to
use either of the following methods to install Oracle Database:
■
Response files: At each node, you run Oracle Universal Installer from the
command line using silent or response file mode and you supply a response file to
provide information Oracle Universal Installer needs. The response file is a text
file containing the settings you normally enter in the Oracle Universal Installer
GUI dialog boxes.
Appendix C, "Installing and Configuring Oracle Database
Using Response Files"
See Also:
■
Cloning the Oracle home of an existing Oracle Database installation: With this
method, you install one instance of Oracle Database, and then clone its Oracle
home for each additional installation.
See Also:
"Cloning an Oracle Home" on page 4-19
4.1.3 Installing on Systems That Already Have Oracle Components
"Upgrade Considerations" on page 1-18 before running
Oracle Universal Installer
See Also:
Follow these steps when other components exist on your computer:
1.
Log on as a member of the Administrators group for the computer on which you
want to install Oracle components.
If you are installing on a Primary Domain Controller (PDC) or a Backup Domain
Controller (BDC), log on as a member of the Domain Administrators group.
2.
Delete the ORACLE_HOME environment variable if it exists. See the Microsoft online
help for more information about deleting environment variables.
The ORACLE_HOME environment variable is automatically set in
the registry. Manually setting this variable prevents installation.
Note:
3.
Back up any databases you must upgrade. Review "Upgrade Considerations" on
page 1-18 for more information.
See Also: "Pre-Installation Tasks for Installing Oracle Real
Applications Clusters on Windows-Based Systems" in Oracle Real
Application Clusters Installation Guide before running Oracle Universal
Installer
4.1.4 Installing with Minimum Memory Requirements
Installations of Oracle Database on computers with RAM and virtual memory lesser
than the minimum required have the following limitations:
4-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
■
■
Computers cannot run Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant, Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant, or Oracle Net Services Configuration Assistant during an
Oracle Universal Installer installation session.
Depending on how many applications run on the computer, you must further
increase the paging file size or reduce the size of the System Global Area (SGA) if
you run out of virtual memory. If temporary files and the paging file are both
stored on the same physical drive, the space requirements for one may limit the
size of another. If your system has limited free space, first install the Oracle
Database software. After the installation is finished, create a database with Oracle
Database Configuration Assistant.
Note: Do not install the database on computer systems that barely
meet the minimum memory and virtual memory requirements of 1
GB.
You can install only the database software by selecting the Install Database Software
only option provided on the Select Installation Option screen.
After installation, run the appropriate configuration assistant for your needs:
■
■
To create a new database, run Oracle Database Configuration Assistant. From the
Start menu, select All Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then
Configuration and Migration Tools, then Database Configuration Assistant.
To upgrade an existing database, run Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant. From
the Start menu, select All Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then
Configuration and Migration Tools, then Database Upgrade Assistant.
4.2 Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
Review the following guidelines before starting Oracle Universal Installer:
■
Oracle Universal Installer
Do not use Oracle Universal Installer from an earlier Oracle release to install
components from this release.
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management
In previous releases, Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) was
installed as part of the Oracle Database installation. With Oracle Database 11g
Release 2 (11.2), Oracle Automatic Storage Management is part of an Oracle Grid
Infrastructure installation, either for a cluster, or for a standalone server.
If you want to upgrade an existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management
installation, then you must upgrade Oracle Automatic Storage Management by
running an Oracle Grid Infrastructure upgrade. If you do not have Oracle
Automatic Storage Management installed and you want to use Oracle Automatic
Storage Management as your storage option, then you must complete an Oracle
Grid Infrastructure installation before you start your Oracle Database installation.
"Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server" for
information about Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server
See Also:
■
Installations on a cluster
Installing Oracle Database 4-3
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
If Oracle Clusterware or Oracle RAC is installed on the system, Oracle Universal
Installer displays the Specify Hardware Cluster Installation Mode page. You must
select Local Installation, unless you want to install Oracle RAC.
See Also:
Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide
4.2.1 Selecting the Database Character Set
Oracle Database uses the database character set for:
■
Data stored in SQL character datatypes (CHAR, VARCHAR2, CLOB, and LONG).
■
Identifiers such as table names, column names, and PL/SQL variables.
■
Stored SQL and PL/SQL source code, including text literals embedded in this
code.
Once a database is created, changing its character set is usually very expensive in
terms of time and resources. Such operation may require converting all character data
by exporting the whole database and importing it back. Therefore, it is important that
you carefully select the database character set at installation time.
Oracle recommends Unicode AL32UTF8 as the database character set. Unicode is the
universal character set that supports most of the currently spoken languages of the
world. It also supports many historical scripts (alphabets). Unicode is the native
encoding of many technologies, including Java, XML, XHTML, ECMAScript, LDAP.
Unicode is ideally suited for databases supporting the Internet and the global
economy.
As AL32UTF8 is a multibyte character set, database operations on character data may
be slightly slower when compared to single-byte database character sets, such as
WE8MSWIN1252. Storage space requirements for text in most languages that use
characters outside of the ASCII repertoire are higher in AL32UTF8 compared to legacy
character sets supporting the language. The increase in storage space concerns only
character data and only data that is not in English. The universality and flexibility of
Unicode usually outweighs these additional costs.
Legacy character sets should be considered when compatibility, storage requirements,
or performance of text processing is critical and the database supports only a single
group of languages. The database character set to be selected in such case is the
character set of most clients connecting to this database.
The default character set suggested or used by Oracle Universal Installer and Database
Configuration Assistant in this release is based on the language configuration of the
operating system.
For most languages, the default character set is one of the Microsoft Windows
character sets, for example WE8MSWIN1252. It is noteworthy that the same default is
used by the database installation process on UNIX-based platforms. This results from
the assumption that most clients connecting to the database run under the Microsoft
Windows operating system. As the database should be able to store all characters
coming from the clients and Microsoft Windows character sets have richer character
repertoire than the corresponding ISO 8859 character sets, the Microsoft Windows
character sets are usually the better choice. For example, the EE8MSWIN1250 character
set supports the Euro currency symbol and various smart quote characters, while the
corresponding EE8ISO8859P2 character set does not support them. In any case, Oracle
converts the data between the database character set and the client character sets,
which are declared by the NLS_LANG settings.
4-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
The list of database character sets that is presented to you for selection by Oracle
Universal Installer contains only the recommended character sets. Even though Oracle
Database supports many more character sets, they are either deprecated or they are
binary subsets of another recommended character set. For example, WE8DEC is a
deprecated character set and US7ASCII and WE8ISO8859P1 are both binary subsets of
WE8MSWIN1252.
If, for compatibility reasons, you must create a database in one of the
non-recommended character sets, choose the Advanced database configuration option.
Database Configuration Assistant in the interactive mode gives you the opportunity to
select any of the database character sets supported on Windows.
Caution: AL32UTF8 is the Oracle Database character set that is
appropriate for XMLType data. It is equivalent to the IANA registered
standard UTF-8 encoding, which supports all valid XML characters.
Do not confuse Oracle Database database character set UTF8 (no
hyphen) with database character set AL32UTF8 or with character
encoding UTF-8. Database character set UTF8 has been superseded by
AL32UTF8. Do not use UTF8 for XML data. UTF8 supports only
Unicode version 3.0 and earlier; it does not support all valid XML
characters. AL32UTF8 has no such limitation.
Using database character set UTF8 for XML data could cause an
irrecoverable error or affect security negatively. If a character that is
not supported by the database character set appears in an
input-document element name, a replacement character (usually a
question mark) is substituted for it. This terminates parsing and raises
an exception.
4.2.2 Using an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Disk Group
This section is optional and describes how to identify disk groups and determine the
free disk space that they contain. You can store either database or recovery files in an
existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group that you created during
the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation.
The Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance that
manages the existing disk group runs in a different Oracle home
directory.
Note:
To determine whether an existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group
exists, or to determine whether there is sufficient disk space in a disk group, use the
following procedure:
1.
In the Services Control Panel, ensure that the OracleASMService+ASM service has
started.
2.
Open command prompt and temporarily set the ORACLE_SID environment variable
to specify the appropriate value for the Oracle Automatic Storage Management
instance.
For example, if the Oracle Automatic Storage Management SID, which is named
+ASM, is located in the asm directory, you would enter the following setting:
DRIVE_LETTER:\>set ORACLE_SID=+ASM
Installing Oracle Database 4-5
Accessing the Installation Software
3.
Connect to the Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance as the SYS user
with the SYSASM privilege and start the instance if necessary:
DRIVE_LETTER:\>sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSASM
Enter password: SYS_password
SQL> STARTUP
4.
Enter the following command to view the existing disk groups, their redundancy
level, and the amount of free disk space in each one:
SQL> SELECT NAME,TYPE,TOTAL_MB,FREE_MB FROM V$ASM_DISKGROUP;
5.
From the output, identify a disk group with the appropriate redundancy level and
note the free space that it contains.
6.
If necessary, install, or identify the additional disk devices required to meet the
storage requirements listed in the previous section.
If you are adding devices to an existing disk group, then
Oracle recommends that you use devices that have the same size and
performance characteristics as the existing devices in that disk group.
Note:
"Upgrading Existing Oracle Automatic Storage
Management Instances"
See Also:
4.3 Accessing the Installation Software
The Oracle Database software is available on installation media or you can download
it from the Oracle Technology Network Web site, or Oracle Software Cloud Web site.
To install the software from the hard disk, you must either download it and unpack it,
or copy it from the installation media, if you have it.
You can access and install Oracle Database by using one of the following methods:
■
Installing from a Remote DVD Drive
■
Installing on Remote Computers Through Remote Access Software
■
Downloading Oracle Software
■
Copying the Oracle Database Software to a Hard Disk
4.3.1 Installing from a Remote DVD Drive
If the computer where you want to install Oracle Database does not have a DVD drive,
you can perform the installation from a remote DVD drive. You must complete the
following steps:
■
Step 1: On the Remote Computer, Share the DVD Drive
■
Step 2: On the Local Computer, Map the DVD Drive
4.3.1.1 Step 1: On the Remote Computer, Share the DVD Drive
The remote DVD drive must allow shared access. To set this up, perform these steps
on the remote computer that has the DVD drive:
1.
Log in to the remote computer as an Administrator user.
4-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Accessing the Installation Software
2.
Start Windows Explorer.
3.
Right-click the DVD drive letter and select Sharing (or Sharing and Security).
4.
Click the Sharing tab and do the following:
5.
a.
Select Share this folder.
b.
In Share name, give it a share name such as dvd. You use this name when you
map the DVD drive on the local computer in step d of the next section.
c.
Click Permissions. You need at least read permission for the user who
accesses the drive to install Oracle Database.
d.
Click OK when you are finished.
Insert the Oracle Database installation media into the DVD drive.
4.3.1.2 Step 2: On the Local Computer, Map the DVD Drive
Perform these steps on the local computer to map a remote DVD drive and to run
Oracle Universal Installer from the mapped drive:
1.
Map the remote DVD drive.
a.
Start Windows Explorer on the local computer.
b.
From the Tools menu, select Map Network Drive to display the Map
Network Drive dialog box.
c.
Select a drive letter to use for the remote DVD drive.
d.
In Folder, enter the location of the remote DVD drive using the following
format:
\\remote_hostname\share_name
where:
–
remote_hostname is the name of the remote computer with the DVD drive.
–
share_name is the share name that you entered in step 4 of the previous
procedure. For example:
\\computer2\dvd
e.
If you must connect to the remote computer as a different user, click different
user name, and enter the user name.
f.
Click Finish.
2.
Run Oracle Universal Installer from the mapped DVD drive.
3.
Go to the "Installing the Oracle Database Software" section on page 4-11.
4.3.2 Installing on Remote Computers Through Remote Access Software
If you want to install and run Oracle Database on a remote computer (that is, the
remote computer has the hard drive and runs Oracle Database components), but you
do not have physical access to the computer, you still can perform the installation on
the remote computer if it is running remote access software such as VNC or Symantec
pcAnywhere. You also need the remote access software running on your local
computer.
You can install Oracle Database on the remote computer in one of two ways:
Installing Oracle Database 4-7
Accessing the Installation Software
■
■
If you have copied the contents of the Oracle Database DVD to a hard drive, you
can install the software from the hard drive.
You can insert the DVD into a drive on your local computer, and install the
software from the DVD.
4.3.2.1 Installing on Remote Computers from a Hard Drive
If you have copied the contents of the Oracle Database DVD to a hard drive, you can
install the software from the hard drive.
To install the software on a remote computer from a hard drive:
1.
Ensure that the remote access software is installed and running on the remote and
local computers.
2.
Share the hard drive that contains the Oracle Database DVD.
3.
On the remote computer, map a drive letter to the shared hard drive. You use the
remote access software to do this on the remote computer.
4.
Through the remote access software, run Oracle Universal Installer on the remote
computer. You access Oracle Universal Installer from the shared hard drive.
5.
Go to the "Installing the Oracle Database Software" section on page 4-11.
4.3.2.2 Installing on Remote Computers from a Remote DVD Drive
You can insert the DVD into a drive on your local computer, and install from the DVD.
To install the software on a remote computer from a remote DVD drive:
1.
Ensure that the remote access software is installed and running on the remote and
local computers.
2.
On the local computer, share the DVD drive.
On the remote computer, map a drive letter to the shared DVD drive. You use the
remote access software to do this on the remote computer.
These steps are described in the "Installing from a Remote DVD Drive" section on
page 4-6.
3.
Through the remote access software, run Oracle Universal Installer on the remote
computer. You access Oracle Universal Installer from the shared DVD drive.
4.
Go to the "Installing the Oracle Database Software" section on page 4-11.
4.3.3 Downloading Oracle Software
You can download the trial version of the installation files from the Oracle Technology
Network (OTN) or Oracle Software Delivery Cloud Web site and extract them on your
hard disk. Ensure that you completely review and understand the terms of the license.
Most downloads include the Development License. This section contains the following
topics:
■
Downloading the Installation Archive Files from Oracle Technology Network
■
Downloading the Software from Oracle Software Delivery Cloud
■
Extracting the Installation Files
4-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Accessing the Installation Software
4.3.3.1 Downloading the Installation Archive Files from Oracle Technology
Network
To download the installation archive files from Oracle Technology Network:
1.
Use any browser to access the software download page from Oracle Technology
Network:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/downloads/index.html
2.
Navigate to the download page for the product to install.
3.
On the download page, identify the required disk space by adding the file sizes for
each required file.
The file sizes are listed next to the file names.
4.
Select a file system with enough free space to store and expand the archive files.
In most cases, the available disk space must be at least twice the size of all of the
archive files.
5.
On the file system that you selected in step 4, create a parent directory for each
product, for example OraDB11g, to hold the installation directories.
6.
Download all of the installation archive files to the directory that you created in
step 5.
7.
Verify that the files you downloaded are the same size as the corresponding files
on Oracle Technology Network. Also, verify the checksums are the same as noted
on Oracle Technology Network.
8.
Extract the files in each directory that you just created.
9.
After you have extracted the required installation files, see Section 4.5, "Installing
the Oracle Database Software."
4.3.3.2 Downloading the Software from Oracle Software Delivery Cloud
You can download the software from Oracle Software Delivery Cloud as Media Packs.
A Media Pack is an electronic version of the software that is also available to Oracle
customers on CD-ROM or DVD. To download the Media Pack:
1.
Use any browser to access the Oracle Software Delivery Cloud Web site:
http://edelivery.oracle.com/
2.
Complete the Export Validation process by entering information (name, company,
e-mail address, and country) in the online form.
3.
In the Media Pack Search page, specify the Product Pack and Platform to identify
the Media Pack you want to download. If you do not know the name of the
Product Pack, you can search for it using the License List.
4.
Optionally, select the relevant product to download from the Results list.
5.
In the search results page, click Readme to download and review the Readme file
for download instructions and product information.
6.
After you review the Readme, choose the appropriate Media Pack from the search
results to download the individual zip files. Follow the Download Notes
instructions in this page. Once you download and extract the contents of the
required zip files, proceed with the installation of the software.
Installing Oracle Database 4-9
Database Security Options
Print the page with the list of downloadable files. It contains a
list of part numbers and their corresponding descriptions to refer
during the installation process.
Note:
7.
After you download the files, click View Digest to verify that the MD5 or SHA-1
checksum matches with what is listed in the media download page.
See Also:
■
My Oracle Support note 549617.1 for information on how to verify
the integrity of a software download at
https://support.oracle.com/CSP/main/article?cmd=show&type=NOT&i
d=549617.1
■
Frequently Asked Questions section on the Oracle Software Delivery
Cloud Web site for more information about Media Packs
4.3.3.3 Extracting the Installation Files
To extract the installation archive files, perform the following steps:
1.
If necessary, change to the directory that contains the downloaded installation
archive files.
2.
The Oracle Database software is available as two zip files. Ensure that you extract
both the zip files to the same directory.
When you have extracted all of the required installation files, see "Installing the Oracle
Database Software".
4.3.4 Copying the Oracle Database Software to a Hard Disk
To copy the contents of the installation media to a hard disk:
1.
Create a directory on your hard drive. For example:
C:\> mkdir \install
C:\> mkdir \install\database
2.
Copy the contents of the installation media to the directory that you just created.
3.
After you have copied all of the required installation files, see the "Installing the
Oracle Database Software" section on page 4-11.
4.4 Database Security Options
During installation, you are prompted to select a database security configuration. The
Secure Configuration option configures the database with database auditing options,
and password policy and expiration settings.
For new database installations, the default configuration for Oracle Database 11g
Release 2 (11.2) includes the Secure Configuration option. If you want to disable these
enhanced security controls, then you can uncheck the Assert all new security settings
check box in the Specify Configuration Option screen that appears during installation.
Oracle Database is then installed with default options for Oracle Database 10g Release
2. After installation, you can change security settings by starting DBCA and modifying
security settings. You can enable or disable auditing or password security settings, or
revert to a previous security setting.
4-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing the Oracle Database Software
For database upgrades, the upgraded database retains your existing database security
configuration, to ensure compatibility with existing applications. After installation,
you can use DBCA to enable or disable the Secure Configuration option for testing.
Note:
■
■
Oracle strongly recommends configuring your database with the
Secure Configuration option either during installation, or after
installation using DBCA.
If Oracle Database Vault is installed with the database, then do
not check for secure configuration as the database is secured.
4.5 Installing the Oracle Database Software
In most cases, you use the graphical user interface (GUI) provided by Oracle Universal
Installer to install Oracle Database. The instructions in this section explain how to run
the Oracle Universal Installer GUI to perform most database installations.
See Also:
■
■
■
If you plan to use Oracle Restart or Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, then you must install Oracle Grid Infrastructure
before you install and create the database. Otherwise, you must
manually register the database with Oracle Restart. For
information about installing Oracle Grid Infrastructure, see
"Installing and Configuring the Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a
Standalone Server"
You may have to shut down existing Oracle processes before you
start the database installation. See "Stopping Existing Oracle
Services"
Appendix C, "Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using
Response Files" to install Oracle Database using the silent or
response file installation method, without the GUI. It also explains
how to clone an existing Oracle home. These methods are useful
to perform multiple installations of Oracle Database.
To install the Oracle Database software:
1.
Log on as a member of the Administrators group for the computer on which you
want to install Oracle components.
If you are installing on a Primary Domain Controller (PDC) or a Backup Domain
Controller (BDC), log on as a member of the Domain Administrators group.
2.
If you are installing Oracle Database on a computer with multple Network
Interface Cards or multiple aliases, use System in the Control Panel to create the
ORACLE_HOSTNAME system environment variable. Set this variable to point to the
host name of the computer on which you are installing Oracle Database.
Installing Oracle Database
4-11
Installing the Oracle Database Software
See Also:
■
■
■
3.
"Setting the ORACLE_HOSTNAME Environment Variable" on
page 2-10
"Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple IP
Addresses" on page 2-10
"Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple Aliases"
on page 2-11
Insert Oracle Database installation media and navigate to the database directory.
Alternatively, navigate to the directory where you downloaded or copied the
installation files.
Use the same installation media to install Oracle Database on all supported
Windows operating systems.
4.
Double-click setup.exe to start Oracle Universal Installer.
Downloading Updates Before Installation
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2), if you plan to run the
installation in a secured data center, then you can download updates before
starting the installation by starting Oracle Universal Installer on a system that has
Internet access in update download mode. To start Oracle Universal Installer to
download updates before installation, enter the following command:
setup.exe -downloadUpdates
Provide the My Oracle Support user name and password, and provide proxy
settings if needed on the Provide My Oracle Support credentials screen. Then,
enter the Download location and click Download on the Download software
updates screen. If updates are available, then they are downloaded in the location
provided. The Finish Updates screen shows the successful download of the
updates. Click Close.
After you download updates, transfer the update file to a directory on the server
where you plan to run the installation.
See Also:
■
■
5.
Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and
UNIX for more information about response file formats
"Software Updates Option" on page 1-10
Follow these guidelines to complete the installation:
■
■
Do not install Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) software into an existing
Oracle home.
Follow the instructions displayed in the Oracle Universal Installer screens. If
you need additional information, click Help.
"Unlocking and Resetting User Passwords" on page 6-9
for password guidelines
See Also:
■
Do not modify the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) except by using a patch
provided by Oracle Support Services. Oracle Universal Installer automatically
installs the Oracle-supplied version of the JRE. This version is required to run
Oracle Universal Installer and several Oracle assistants.
4-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing the Oracle Database Software
■
■
If you encounter errors while installing the software, see Appendix F for
information about troubleshooting.
If you chose an installation type that runs Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant in interactive mode, then you must provide detailed information
about configuring your database and network.
If you need help when using the Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in
interactive mode, click Help on any screen.
Note: If you chose a default installation, Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant does not run interactively.
6.
When the Configuration Assistant tasks are complete, click Finish, click Exit, then
click Yes to exit from Oracle Universal Installer.
7.
Optionally, delete the OraInstalldate_time directory to remove the temporary
files that were created during the installation process. The OraInstalldate_time
directory holds about 45 MB of files. This directory is created in the location set by
the TEMP environment variable setting.
Restarting your computer also removes the OraInstalldate_time directory.
8.
See Chapter 5, "Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks" for information about
tasks that you must complete after you have installed Oracle Database.
The following table lists the various screens displayed during an Enterprise Edition
installation for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2):
Installing Oracle Database
4-13
Installing the Oracle Database Software
Table 4–1
Oracle Universal Installer Windows
Screen
Action
Configure Security
Updates
Enter your e-mail address, preferably your My Oracle Support (formerly
OracleMetaLink) e-mail address or user name in the Email field.
You can select the I wish to receive security updates via My Oracle Support check
box to receive security updates.
Enter your My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) password in the My Oracle
Support Password field.
Click Next.
Download Software
Updates
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2), you can use the Software
Updates feature to dynamically download and apply latest updates. Select one of the
following options, and click Next:
■
Use My Oracle Support credentials for download: Select this option to download
and apply the latest software updates.
Click Proxy Settings to configure a proxy for Oracle Universal Installer to use to
connect to the Internet. Provide the proxy server information for your site, along
with a user account that has access to the local area network through which the
server is connecting. Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.3), you
can enter the Proxy Realm information. The proxy realm information is
case-sensitive. If you do not have a proxy realm, then you do not need to provide
an entry for the Proxy Username, Proxy Password, and Proxy Realm fields.
Click Test Connection to ensure that your proxy settings are correctly entered,
and the installer can download the updates.
■
■
Use pre-downloaded software updates: Select this option if you have already
downloaded software updates using the Oracle Universal installer command
setup.exe -downloadUpdates.
Skip software updates: Select this option if you do not want to apply any
updates.
See Also: "Software Updates Option" on page 1-10
Apply Software Updates
This screen is displayed if you select to download the software updates, or provide
the pre-downloaded software updates location.
■
If you selected Use My Oracle Support credentials for download in the previous
screen, select Download and apply all updates, and then click Next to apply the
updates.
By default, the download location for software updates is placed in the home
directory of the Oracle installation owner you are using to run this installation. If
you choose to download the software updates in another location, then click
Browse and select a different location on your server.
■
Select Installation Option
If you selected Use pre-downloaded software updates in the previous screen,
select Apply all updates, and then click Next to apply the updates downloaded
before starting the installation.
Select one of the following installation options, click Next.
■
■
■
Create and configure a database: This option creates a new database along with
sample schemas.
Install database software only: This option installs only the database binaries. To
configure database, you must run Oracle Database Configuration Assistant after
the software installation.
Upgrade an existing database: This option installs the software binaries in a new
Oracle home. At the end of the installation, you can upgrade the existing
database.
4-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing the Oracle Database Software
Table 4–1 (Cont.) Oracle Universal Installer Windows
Screen
Action
System Class
Select the type of system for installing the database, click Next.
■
■
Grid Installation Options
Desktop Class: Choose this option if you are installing on a laptop or desktop
class system. This option includes a starter database and allows minimal
configuration. This option is designed for those who want to get up and running
with the database quickly.
Server Class: Choose this option if you are installing on a server class system,
such as what you would use when deploying Oracle in a production data center.
This option allows for more advanced configuration options. Advanced
configuration options available using this option include Oracle RAC, Oracle
Automatic Storage Management, backup and recovery configuration, integration
with Enterprise Manager Grid Control, and more fine-grained memory tuning,
among many others.
Select the type of database installation you want to perform, click Next.
■
■
■
Single instance database installation: This option installs the database and the
listener.
Oracle Real Application Clusters database installation: This option installs Oracle
Real Application Clusters.
Oracle RAC One Node database installation: This option installs Oracle RAC One
Noda database.
Note: Oracle RAC One Node is only supported with Oracle Clusterware.
Select Install Type
Select one of the following, then click Next:
■
■
Select Product Languages
Typical Install: This installation method is selected by default. It lets you quickly
install Oracle Database using minimal input. It installs the software and
optionally creates a general-purpose database using the information that you
specify on this screen.
Advanced Install: This installation method enables to perform more complex
installations, such as creating individual passwords for different accounts,
creating specific types of starter databases (for example, for transaction
processing or data warehouse systems), using different language groups,
specifying e-mail notifications, and so on.
This option enables you to select the language in which you want to run the product.
Select the product Language from the Available Languages list, transfer it to the
Selected Languages list. Click Next.
Select Database Edition
Select Enterprise Edition, Standard Edition, Standard Edition One, or Personal
Edition. Click Next
If you click Select Options, then based on your selection you can enable or disable
components from the components list. The components available are:
■
Oracle Partitioning
■
Oracle OLAP
■
Oracle Label Security
■
Oracle Data Mining RDBMS Files
■
Oracle Database Vault option
■
Oracle Real Application Testing
■
Oracle Database Extensions for .NET
Click OK to continue.
Click Next.
Note: The Select Options button is enabled only if you select the Enterprise Edition
installation type.
Installing Oracle Database
4-15
Installing the Oracle Database Software
Table 4–1 (Cont.) Oracle Universal Installer Windows
Screen
Action
Specify Installation
Location
The Oracle base path appears by default. You can change the path based on your
requirement. Specify Oracle Base, Software Location, and click Next.
The Oracle base directory is a top-level directory for Oracle software installations
owned by an Oracle installation owner account. The default Oracle base path is
DRIVE_LETTER:\app\user, where user is the user account running the installation.
You can change the path based on your requirements.
In the Software Location field, accept the default value or enter the Oracle home
directory path in which you want to install Oracle components. The directory path
should not contain spaces.
Click Next.
Note: This screen is available only with Advanced Installation.
See Also: "Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Naming Conventions" for
information about directory naming conventions
Select Configuration Type
Select one of the following, click Next:
■
■
General Purpose / Transaction Processing: This is a starter database designed for
general usage or transaction-heavy applications.
Data Warehousing: A starter database optimized to run Data Warehousing
applications.
See the online Help provided by either Oracle Universal Installer or Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant for a description of these preconfigured database types.
Specify Database
Identifiers
Specify the following information, then click Next:
Database Naming
Specify the Global Database Name using the following syntax:
database_unique_name.db_domain
where:
■
■
database_unique_name is the name of the database. It can contain a maximum of
30 characters as long as the first eight characters are unique and begin with an
alphabetic character. The characters can include alphanumeric, underscore (_),
dollar ($) , and pound (#), no other special characters are permitted in a database
name.
db_domain is the computer environment used for the database. It should contain
no more than 128 characters (alphanumeric, underscore (_), and pound (#)),
inclusive of all periods.
Note: Ensure that the combination of database name (first eight unique characters of
database unique name), delimiter, and the database domain name does not exceed
128 characters.
For example:
sales.us.example.com
where:
■
database_unique_name is sales
■
db_domain is us.example.com
When you enter the Global Database Name, Oracle Universal Installer automatically
populates the SID prefix with the database name. You can change this name in
Advanced installation.
Oracle Universal Installer limits the SID to 12 alphanumeric characters and the SID
cannot contain underscore (_), dollar ( $), and pound (#).
4-16 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing the Oracle Database Software
Table 4–1 (Cont.) Oracle Universal Installer Windows
Screen
Action
Specify Configuration
Options
Specify the following configuration details, then click Next.
Memory:
Enable Automatic MemoryManagement option is selected by default. This option
allows the database to automatically distribute memory between SGA and PGA. If
you deselect this option, then the SGA and PGA must be sized manually.
Character Sets:
This option enables you to store the character data in the database in one of the
following methods:
■
Use the default: This option uses the operating system language settings.
■
Use Unicode: This option enables you to store multiple language groups.
■
Choose from the following list of character sets: This option enables the Select
Database Character Set drop down list.
See Also:
■
■
"Selecting the Database Character Set"
Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for information about choosing a
character set.
Security:
The Assert all new security settings option is selected by default. The setting includes
enabling auditing and using new password profile.
Note: Oracle recommends that you use the default settings.
Sample Schemas:
The Create database with sample schemas option is not selected by default. However,
you can select the option, to create the starter database with sample schema.
Specify Management
Options
Select one of the following, then click Next:
■
■
Use an existing Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control for database
management: This option is useful if you have Oracle Enterprise Manager
installed.
Use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control for database management: This
option enables you to manage Oracle Database locally. Optionally, select Enable
Email Notifications and then enter the outgoing SMTP server and e-mail address.
See Also: "Email Notification Options"
Note: The option to enable e-mail notifications is not available starting with
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2).
Specify Database Storage
Options
Select one of the following, then click Next.
■
■
File System: Specify the database file location.
Oracle Automatic Storage Management: Specify a password for the ASMSNMP
user.
Note: Installing Oracle data files on an Oracle ACFS file system is not supported.
Oracle recommends that these data files are installed in Oracle ASM disk groups.
See Also: "Using an Oracle Automatic Storage Management Disk Group" on page 4-5
Installing Oracle Database
4-17
Installing the Oracle Database Software
Table 4–1 (Cont.) Oracle Universal Installer Windows
Screen
Action
Specify Recovery Options
Select one of the following, then click Next.
■
■
Do not enable automated backups.
Enable automated backups: If you select this option, then the backup job uses a
specified recovery area storage.
Select File System to use a file system directory for the fast recovery area, and
then specify the fast recovery area path in the Recovery Area location field.
Select Oracle Automatic Storage Management to use an Oracle Automatic
Storage Management disk group for the fast recovery area.
Specify your operating system user credentials to perform the backup job.
See Also: "Preparing Disks for an Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Installation" on page 3-5
Select ASM Disk Group
This screen is displayed only if you select Oracle Automatic Storage Management as
your storage option.
Disk groups are created during the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation. Disk
groups are configured with the SYSASM privilege using asmcmd or SQL create
diskgroup commands. An ASM disk group consists of multiple disk partitions.
The table in this screen displays existing disk groups created during the Oracle Grid
Infrastructure installation. Select a disk group to use for database file storage.
Specify Schema Passwords Enter and confirm passwords for the privileged database accounts: SYS, SYSTEM,
SYSMAN, and DBSNMP.
Click Next.
Note: Optionally, you can use the same password for all accounts. However, Oracle
recommends that you specify a different password for each account. You must
remember the passwords that you specify.
See Also: "Unlocking and Resetting User Passwords" on page 6-9 for information
about password guidelines
Perform Prerequisite
Checks
This option checks if the minimum system requirements to perform the database
installation are met.
Click Fix & Check Again, if you want the installer to fix the problem and check the
system requirements once more.
If you click Check Again, then you can run the prerequisite check again to see if the
minimum requirements are met to carry on with the database installation.
To get a list of failed requirements, select Show Failed from the list. To get a list of all
the prerequirement checks run by the OUI, select Show All. To get a list of the
prerequirement checks that are successful, select Show Succeeded.
Note: Oracle recommends that you use caution in checking the Ignore All option. If
you check this option, then Oracle Universal Installer may not confirm that your
system can install Oracle Database successfully.
See Also: "Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements" for information about the
system requirements
4-18 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Cloning an Oracle Home
Table 4–1 (Cont.) Oracle Universal Installer Windows
Screen
Action
Summary
Review the information displayed on this screen, and click Install.
Note: Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2), you can save all the
installation steps into a response file by clicking Save Response File. Later, this file
can be used for a silent installation.
Install Product
This screen displays the progress of a database installation. It also shows the status
information while the product is being installed. Click Next.
This screen then displays the status information for the configuration assistants that
configure the software and create a database. When the message is displayed after
Database Configuration Assistant process, click OK to continue.
Finish
This screen is shown automatically when all the configuration tools are successful.
Review the Enterprise Manager Database Control URL information displayed in this
screen and click Close.
4.6 Cloning an Oracle Home
You can copy an existing Oracle home and then configure it for a new environment.
This process is called cloning. If you are performing multiple Oracle Database
installations, you may want to use this method to create each new Oracle home,
because copying files from an existing Oracle Database installation takes less time than
creating a new version of them. This method is also useful if the Oracle home that you
are cloning has patches applied to it. When you clone an Oracle home, the new Oracle
home has the patch updates.
When you clone Oracle homes using release 11.2 Database Control, you must update
the exclude file list. This file list specifies files that need not be included when the
source Oracle home is archived because these files are not required for the cloning
operation. Do not include the following files in the archive:
■
sqlnet.ora
■
tnsnames.ora
■
listener.ora
In addition to cloning an Oracle home, you can clone
individual Oracle databases, by using Enterprise Manager Database
Control. Oracle Database Administrator's Guide covers cloning Oracle
databases in detail, and cloning Oracle homes.
Note:
This section contains the following topics:
■
Cloning an Oracle Home
■
Configuring Oracle Configuration Manager in a Cloned Oracle Home
4.6.1 Cloning an Oracle Home
Perform the following steps to clone an Oracle home:
1.
Ensure that the Oracle Database installation whose home you want to clone has
been successful.
Installing Oracle Database
4-19
Cloning an Oracle Home
You can check the success of the installation by reviewing the
installActionsdate_time.log file for the installation session, which is normally
located in the C:\Program Files\Oracle\Inventory\logs directory.
If you have installed patches, you can check their status by running the following
commands at a command prompt:
C:\ORACLE_HOME\OPatch> set ORACLE_HOME=ORACLE_HOME_using_patch
C:\ORACLE_HOME\OPatch> opatch lsinventory
2.
Stop the Oracle-related services on this computer.
You can stop Oracle services by using one of the following methods:
■
Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows: From the Start menu, select
All Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then Configuration and
Migration Tools, then Administrative Assistant for Windows, then Oracle
Managed Objects, then Computers, and then machine-name. Select Databases,
then right-click global database name, select Stop Service.
Note: Choose Startup/Shutdown Options to control whether a
database instance should be stopped along with the service.
■
3.
Microsoft Windows Services utility: From the Start menu, select Control
Panel, then Administrative Tools, then Services. Right-click any service that
begins with Oracle, and then from the menu, select Stop.
Create a ZIP file with the Oracle home (but not Oracle base) directory, selecting
the Save full path info option.
For example, if the source Oracle installation is in
C:\app\username\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1, you zip the dbhome_1 directory,
leaving out the admin, flash_recovery_area, and oradata directories that are
under 11.2.0. These directories are created in the target installation later on when
you create a new database there.
4.
Copy the ZIP file to the root directory of the target computer.
5.
Extract the ZIP file contents, selecting the Use folder names option.
6.
Repeat steps 4 and 5 for each computer where you want to clone the Oracle home,
unless the Oracle home is on a shared storage device.
7.
In the source Oracle home, restart the services that you stopped in step 2.
8.
On the target computer, cd to the unzipped Oracle home directory, and perform
the following steps:
a.
Remove the *.ora files that are present in unzipped ORACLE_
HOME\network\admin directory, such as listener.ora, sqlnet.ora, and
tnsnames.ora.
b.
From the clone\bin directory, run clone.pl for the unzipped Oracle home.
Use the following syntax:
C:\ORACLE_HOME\clone\bin>%ORACLE_HOME%\perl\bin\per.exe clone.pl
ORACLE_HOME="target location" ORACLE_BASE="target Base location"
-defaultHomeName
For example:
4-20 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Cloning an Oracle Home
C:\ORACLE_HOME\clone\bin> clone.pl
ORACLE_HOME="C:\app\username\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1" -defaultHomeName
ORACLE_BASE="C:\app\username"
Oracle Universal Installer starts, and then records the cloning actions in the
cloneActionstimestamp.log file. This log file is normally located in C:\Program
Files\Oracle\Inventory\logs.
9.
To configure connection information for the new database, run Net Configuration
Assistant.
To start Net Configuration Assistant, select Start, then All Programs, then Oracle HOME_NAME, then Configuration and Migration Tools, and then Net
Configuration Assistant.
10. To create a new database for the newly cloned Oracle home, run Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant.
To start Oracle Database Configuration Assistant, select Start, then All Programs,
then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then Configuration and Migration Tools, and then
Database Configuration Assistant.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for information about
cloning Oracle homes and Oracle databases
Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and
UNIX for additional information about cloning an Oracle home
4.6.2 Configuring Oracle Configuration Manager in a Cloned Oracle Home
Perform the following steps to configure Oracle Configuration Manager for a cloned
Oracle home:
1.
Run the following command from ORACLE_HOME\ccr\state:
del *.ll*
2.
Run the following command from ORACLE_HOME:
copy ccr\inventory\core.jar ccr\inventory\pending
3.
Run these commands from ORACLE_HOME\ccr\bin:
emSnapshotEnv
deployPackages
4.
If new credentials are needed, run this command from ORACLE_HOME\ccr\bin.
configCCR
If Oracle Configuration Manager was manually configured using setupCCR, then
perform the following in the cloned Oracle home:
1.
Delete all the subdirectories of the ORACLE_HOME\ccr\hosts directory to remove
the previously configured hosts.
2.
Run the following command from ORACLE_HOME\ccr\bin:
configCCR -a
Installing Oracle Database
4-21
Cloning an Oracle Home
If you have installed Oracle Configuration Manager in the original Oracle home but
have not configured it, then run the following command in the cloned Oracle home to
configure it:
setupCCR
4-22 Oracle Database Installation Guide
5
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
5
This chapter describes the following postinstallation configuration tasks:
■
Installing the Latest Patch Set Release
■
Validating Invalid PL/SQL Modules
■
Configuring the Secure Sockets Layer
■
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle SQL Developer
■
Configuring Oracle Components
■
Creating a Fast Recovery Area Disk Group
■
Enabling and Disabling Database Options
5.1 Installing the Latest Patch Set Release
Oracle recommends installing the latest patch set release after successful installation of
Oracle Database.
You must register online before using My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink).
After logging in to My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink), select the Patches
and Updates tab from the top of the screen.
To find and download patches:
1.
Use a web browser to view the My Oracle Support website:
https://support.oracle.com/
2.
Log in to My Oracle Support.
Note: If you are not a My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink)
registered user, then click Register here for New user and follow the
registration instructions.
3.
On the main My Oracle Support page, click Patches and Updates tab.
4.
In the Patch Search group, select Product or Family (Advanced).
5.
In the Product field, select Oracle Database.
6.
In the Release field, select the release number. For example, Oracle 11.2.0.3.2
7.
Click Search.
8.
Any available patch updates are displayed in the Patch Search page.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
5-1
Validating Invalid PL/SQL Modules
9.
Select the patch number and click ReadMe. The README page is displayed and
contains information about the patch set and how to apply the patches to your
installation.
10. Return to the Patch Search page, click Download, and save the file on your
system.
11. Use the unzip utility provided with Oracle Database 11g to uncompress the Oracle
patch updates that you downloaded from My Oracle Support. The unzip utility is
located in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin directory.
5.2 Validating Invalid PL/SQL Modules
Run the utlrp.sql script after creating or upgrading a database. This script
recompiles all PL/SQL modules that may be in an INVALID state, including packages,
procedures, types, and so on. This step is optional, but recommended so that the
performance cost of recompilation is incurred during the installation rather than in the
future.
There should be no other data definition language (DDL)
statements running on the database while the script is running, and
packages STANDARD and DBMS_STANDARD must be valid.
Note:
1.
Start SQL*Plus:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
2.
Connect to the database with the SYS account:
SQL> CONNECT SYS AS SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
3.
Start the database (if necessary):
SQL> STARTUP
4.
Run the utlrp.sql script, which by default is located in ORACLE_
HOME\rdbms\admin\utlrp.sql. For example:
SQL> @?\rdbms\admin\utlrp.sql
5.3 Configuring the Secure Sockets Layer
Oracle highly recommends you configure and use a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) to
ensure that passwords and other sensitive data are not transmitted in clear text in
HTTP requests.
See Also:
■
■
"Using SSL" and "Enabling SSL" in Oracle Database Security Guide
for more information about configuring and using SSL
"SSL Usage Issues" in Oracle Database Security Guide for more
information about SSL usage issues
5-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Configuring Oracle Components
5.4 Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle SQL Developer
See the following sections in Oracle SQL Developer Installation Guide for recommended
postinstallation tasks for SQL Developer:
■
Migrating User Settings from a Previous Release
■
Migrating Information from Previous Releases
■
Location of User-Related Information
5.5 Configuring Oracle Components
Many Oracle products and options must be configured before you use them for the
first time. Before using individual Oracle products or options, refer to the appropriate
manual in the product documentation library.
This section contains these topics:
■
Direct NFS Client
■
Configuring Oracle Messaging Gateway
■
Configuring Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
■
Configuring Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
■
Configuring Oracle Label Security
■
Configuring Oracle Database Vault
■
Configuring Oracle Net Services
■
Installing Oracle Text Supplied Knowledge Bases
■
Installing the Oracle Text Filtering Component
■
Configuring or Reinstalling Oracle XML DB
■
Configuring PL/SQL External Procedures
■
Configuring Shared Server Support
■
Setting Credentials for the Job System to Work with Oracle Enterprise Manager
■
Configuring Oracle Database to Communicate with Oracle Automatic Storage
Management
■
Configuring Databases to Use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
■
Installing Oracle Database Examples
See Also:
■
■
Chapter 4, "Configuration Tasks When Installing from the
Database" in Oracle Application Express Installation Guide
"Post-installation Database Configuration" section in Oracle
Configuration Manager Installation and Administration Guide for
information about postinstallation tasks for Oracle Configuration
Manager
Note: You need only perform postinstallation tasks for components
that you intend to use.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
5-3
Configuring Oracle Components
5.5.1 Direct NFS Client
With Oracle Database 11g, you can store data files on a supported NFS system. You
can configure Oracle Database to access NFS V3 servers directly using an Oracle
internal Direct NFS Client. If Oracle Database cannot open an NFS server using Direct
NFS Client, then an informational message is logged into the Oracle alert and trace
files indicating that Direct NFS Client could not be established.
Management of Oracle data files created with Direct NFS Client should be done
according to the guidelines specified in Oracle Database Administrator's Guide. The
Oracle files resident on the NFS server that are served by the Direct NFS Client can
also be accessed through a third party NFS Client. The volume must be mounted
through CIFS or kernel NFS to enable regular windows utilities and commands, such
as copy, and so on, access the database files in the remote location. Volumes mounted
through CIFS cannot be used for database file storage without configuring Direct NFS
Client. The atomic write requirements required for database access are not guaranteed
by CIFS protocol. Consequently, CIFS can only be used for operating system level
commands, such as copy, move, and so on.
Some NFS file servers require NFS clients to connect using reserved ports. If your filer
is running with reserved port checking, then you must disable it for Direct NFS Client
to operate. To disable reserved port checking, consult your NFS file server
documentation.
Direct NFS Client can consume upto four network paths defined for an NFS server.
The Direct NFS Client performs load balancing across all specified paths. If a specified
path fails, then Direct NFS Client reissues I/O commands over any remaining paths.
Direct NFS Client requires an NFS server supporting NFS read/write buffers of at
least 16384 bytes.
Direct NFS Client issues writes at wtmax granularity to the NFS server. Direct NFS
Client does not serve an NFS server with a wtmax less than 16384. Oracle recommends
that you use the value 32768.
Use the following views for Direct NFS Client management:
■
v$dnfs_servers: Shows a table of servers accessed using Direct NFS Client.
■
v$dnfs_files: Shows a table of files currently open using Direct NFS Client.
■
■
v$dnfs_channels: Shows a table of open network paths (or channels) to servers for
which Direct NFS Client is providing files.
v$dnfs_stats: Shows a table of performance statistics for Direct NFS Client.
For NFS servers that restrict port range, you can use the insecure option to enable
clients other than root to connect to the NFS server. Alternatively, you can disable
Direct NFS Client as described in "Disable Direct NFS Client".
Use NFS servers supported for Oracle Database. See the My
Oracle Support website for support information:
Note:
https://support.oracle.com
The following sections elaborate on enabling, disabling, checking the buffer size for a
Direct NFS Client:
■
Enable Direct NFS Client
■
Disable Direct NFS Client
5-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Configuring Oracle Components
5.5.1.1 Enable Direct NFS Client
To enable Direct NFS Client, a new Oracle specific file oranfstab can be added to
ORACLE_HOME\dbs. When oranfstab is placed in ORACLE_HOME\dbs, its entries are
specific to a single database.
Direct NFS Client looks for the mount point entries in ORACLE_HOME\dbs\oranfstab. It
uses the first matched entry as the mount point.
Complete the following procedure to enable Direct NFS Client:
1.
Create an oranfstab file with the following attributes for each NFS server to be
accessed using Direct NFS Client:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Server: The NFS server name.
Path: Up to 4 network paths to the NFS server, specified either by IP address,
or by name, as displayed using the ifconfig command on the NFS server.
Local: Up to 4 network interfaces on the database host, specified by IP
address, or by name, as displayed using the ipconfig command on the
database host.
Export: The exported path from the NFS server. Use UNIX-style path.
Mount: The corresponding local mount point for the exported volume. Use
WINDOWS-style path.
mnt_timeout: Specifies (in seconds) the time for which Direct NFS Client
should wait for a successful mount before timing out. This parameter is
optional and the default timeout is 10 minutes.
The following is an example of an oranfstab file with two NFS server entries:
server: MyDataServer1
local: 132.34.35.10
path: 132.34.35.12
local: 132.34.55.10
path: 132.34.55.12
export: /vol/oradata1 mount: C:\APP\ORACLE\ORADATA\ORCL
server: MyDataServer2
local: LocalInterface1
path: NfsPath1
local: LocalInterface2
path: NfsPath2
local: LocalInterface3
path: NfsPath3
local: LocalInterface4
path: NfsPath4
export: /vol/oradata2 mount: C:\APP\ORACLE\ORADATA\ORCL2
export: /vol/oradata3 mount: C:\APP\ORACLE\ORADATA\ORCL3
As a rule, a mount point specified in oranfstab file represents local path where
the database files reside normally, that is, without Direct NFS Client being
enabled. For example, if a database that does not use Direct NFS Client would
have kept its files in C:\app\oracle\oradata\orcl directory, then
C:\app\oracle\oradata\orcl should be specified as a virtual mount point in the
corresponding oranfstab file.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
5-5
Configuring Oracle Components
On Windows platforms, two optional parameters can be
specified in oranfstab file:
Note:
■
uid: UNIX User ID to be used by Direct NFS Client
■
gid: UNIX Group ID to be used by Direct NFS Client
The Direct NFS Client uses the uid or gid value to access all NFS servers listed in
oranfstab. Direct NFS Client ignores uid or gid value of 0. If neither uid nor gid
is specified, then a default of uid:65534, gid:65534 is used by the Direct NFS
Client. The default value often corresponds to user:nobody and group:nogroup
on the NFS server.
The exported path from the NFS server must be accessible for
read, write, and execute operations by the user with the uid, gid
specified in oranfstab. If neither uid nor gid is listed, then the
exported path must be accessible by the user with the uid:65534,
gid:65534.
Note:
2.
Oracle Database uses an ODM library, oranfsodm11.dll, to enable Direct NFS
Client. To replace the standard ODM library, oraodm11.dll, with the ODM NFS
library, oranfsodm11.dll, complete the following steps:
1.
Change directory to ORACLE_HOME\bin.
2.
Shutdown the Oracle database.
3.
Enter the following commands:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> copy oraodm11.dll oraodm11.dll.stub
DRIVE_LETTER:\> copy /Y oranfsodm11.dll oraodm11.dll
5.5.1.2 Disable Direct NFS Client
Complete the following steps to disable the Direct NFS Client:
1.
Log in as the Oracle Grid Infrastructure software owner.
2.
Restore the stub oraodm11.dll file by reversing the process you completed in
"Enable Direct NFS Client".
3.
Remove the oranfstab file.
5.5.1.3 ORADNFS
ORADNFS is a utility which enables the database administrators to perform basic file
operations over Direct NFS Client on Microsoft Windows platforms.
ORADNFS is a multi-call binary, a single binary that acts like several utilities. This
allows ORADNFS to be smaller since all the built-in commands can leverage DNFS
code for many common operations. ORADNFS is run by issuing a command as an
argument on the command line.
For example, C:\> ORADNFS help causes ORADNFS to print a list of built-in
commands, and C:\> ORADNFS ls C:\ORACLE\ORADATA\ORCL causes ORADNFS to
behave as an ls command of C:\ORACLE\ORADATA\ORCL remote directory, where
C:\ORACLE\ORADATA is a DNFS virtual mount point specified in the oranfstab
configuration file.
5-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Configuring Oracle Components
Note:
■
■
A valid copy of the oranfstab configuration file must be present in
ORACLE_HOME\dbs directory for ORADNFS to operate.
The user must be a member of the local ORA_DBA group to
execute ORADNFS.
5.5.2 Configuring Oracle Messaging Gateway
Oracle Messaging Gateway, an Oracle Database Advanced Queuing feature, requires
additional configuration after you install Oracle Database if you plan to use Oracle
Database Advanced Queuing.
See Also: "Loading and Setting Up Oracle Messaging Gateway" in
Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing User's Guide to configure Oracle
Messaging Gateway and for additional instructions about configuring
the listener.ora, tnsnames.ora, and mgw.ora files
5.5.3 Configuring Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows requires the Microsoft Management
Console and HTML Help 1.2 or later to run. Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
version 3.0 is available with Windows 2003, Windows XP, Windows Vista, and
Windows Server 2008. Oracle recommends the latest MMC version available.
See Also:
Microsoft documentation at
http://www.microsoft.com/
5.5.4 Configuring Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
Before using Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor to view
Oracle-specific counters, you must specify the system password by running
operfcfg.exe, located in the ORACLE_HOME\bin directory. operfcfg.exe prompts for a
user name, password, and TNS alias.
For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> ORACLE_HOME\bin\operfcfg.exe
Enter user-name: system
Enter password: password
Enter tns-alias: orcl
operfcfg: New registry values have been successfully set.
If you run the following command, then operfcfg.exe does not prompt for a
password:
operfcfg.exe -U user_name -D tns_alias
See Also:
■
■
My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Note 106375.1 for
more details about setting credentials for Windows Performance
Monitor
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for additional
information about Oracle Counters for Windows Performance
Monitor
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
5-7
Configuring Oracle Components
5.5.5 Configuring Oracle Label Security
If you installed Oracle Label Security, you must configure it in a database before you
use it. You can configure Oracle Label Security with or without Oracle Internet
Directory integration. If you configure Oracle Label Security without Oracle Internet
Directory integration, you cannot configure it to use Oracle Internet Directory at a later
stage.
Note: To configure Oracle Label Security with Oracle Internet
Directory integration, Oracle Internet Directory must be installed in
your environment and the Oracle database must be registered in the
directory.
See Also: Oracle Label Security Administrator's Guide for more
information about Oracle Label Security enabled with Oracle Internet
Directory
5.5.6 Configuring Oracle Database Vault
If you installed Oracle Database Vault, you must register it in a database and create
the Database Vault Owner and, optionally, Database Vault Account Manager
administrative accounts before you can use it.
See Also: Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide for more
information about registering Oracle Database Vault
5.5.7 Configuring Oracle Net Services
If you have a previous release of Oracle software installed on this system, you can
copy information from the Oracle Net tnsnames.ora and listener.ora configuration
files from the previous release to the corresponding files for the new release.
The default location for the tnsnames.ora and listener.ora
files is the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\network\admin\ directory.
Note:
Modifying the listener.ora File
If you are upgrading from a previous release of Oracle Database, Oracle recommends
that you use the current release of Oracle Net listener instead of the listener from the
previous release.
If you have referenced the previous Oracle home directory names in the static listener
information, then these directory names must be modified before the listener.ora
file can be used in the 11.2 environment.
To use the listener from the current release, you must copy static service information
from the listener.ora file from the previous release to the version of that file used by
the new release.
For any database instances earlier than release 8.0.3, add static service information to
the listener.ora file. Oracle Database releases later than release 8.0.3 do not require
static service information.
5-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Configuring Oracle Components
Modifying the tnsnames.ora File
Unless you are using a central tnsnames.ora file, copy Oracle Net service names and
connect descriptors from the previous release tnsnames.ora file to the version of that
file used by the new release.
If necessary, you can also add connection information for additional database
instances to the new file.
5.5.8 Installing Oracle Text Supplied Knowledge Bases
An Oracle Text knowledge base is a hierarchical tree of concepts used for theme
indexing, ABOUT queries, and deriving themes for document services. If you plan to
use any of these Oracle Text features, you can install two supplied knowledge bases
(English and French) from the Oracle Database Examples media.
See Also: Oracle Text Reference for information about creating and
extending knowledge bases, such as extending the supplied
knowledge bases to accommodate your requirements, or creating your
own knowledge bases in languages other than English and French
5.5.9 Installing the Oracle Text Filtering Component
Oracle Text Filtering Technology requires the Visual C++ libraries included in the
Visual C++ Redistributable Package provided by Microsoft. You can download the
2005 SP1 Redistributable Package version of the vcredist_x86.exe file from
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads
See Also: Oracle Text Reference for more information about Oracle
Text Filtering Technology
5.5.10 Configuring or Reinstalling Oracle XML DB
See Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide for more information about the following tasks:
■
Reinstalling Oracle XML DB
■
Configuring or customizing the Oracle XML DB tablespace
■
Configuring FTP, HTTP/WebDAV port numbers
See Also:
Appendix A of Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide
5.5.11 Configuring PL/SQL External Procedures
Configuring PL/SQL depends on the network configuration files used. In nearly all
cases, configuration is automatic. However, if you are using pre-8.0.3 tnsnames.ora
and listener.ora files with your 11g Release 2 (11.2) database, you must manually
configure them.
See Also: "Developing Applications for Windows" of Oracle Database
Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
5.5.12 Configuring Shared Server Support
The default setup for using Shared Server mode depends on how the software has
been installed. If you installed Oracle Database through the Enterprise Edition,
Standard Edition, or Personal Edition installation types, then shared support was not
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
5-9
Configuring Oracle Components
configured. If you created your database through Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant, then you were offered a choice of shared or dedicated server support.
See Also: "Postinstallation Configuration Tasks on Windows" of
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
5.5.13 Setting Credentials for the Job System to Work with Oracle Enterprise Manager
Windows systems require that you set the correct credentials for the Jobs system to
work properly in Oracle Enterprise Manager. By default, the Management Agent
service is installed as a LocalSystem user. When submitting jobs, such as stopping or
starting the database, the operating system user submitting the job must have the Log
on as a batch job privilege enabled.
Perform the following steps to establish that privilege for any operating system user
who must submit an Oracle Enterprise Manager job.
1.
Start the Local Security Policy tool:
■
■
■
Windows 2003: From the Start menu, select Administrative Tools, then Local
Security Policy.
Windows XP: From the Start menu, select Control Panel, Administrative
Tools, then Local Security Policy.
Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008: From the Start menu, select
Programs, Administrative Tools, then Local Security Policy.
2.
Under the Security Settings list, expand the list to Local Policies.
3.
Under Local Policies, double-click User Rights Assignment.
4.
Under Policy, search for the Log on as a batch job policy.
If the Management Agent service is installed as any other user (that is, not
LocalSystem), then, in addition to granting the Log on as a batch job privilege,
you must grant the "Windows service" user the following three privileges:
■
Act as part of the operating system
■
Adjust memory quotas for a process
■
Replace a process level token
The service under the "Windows service" user runs at the operating system
level.
5.
With each policy, perform the following steps:
a.
Double-click the policy name.
b.
In the Properties dialog box, click Add User or Group.
c.
In the Select Users or Groups dialog box, enter the name of the user (for
example, jsmith, administrator, and so on.)
On Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, the name of the
dialog box is Select Users, Computers, or Groups.
Note:
d.
Click Check Names to check that you have entered the name correctly.
e.
Click OK.
5-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Creating a Fast Recovery Area Disk Group
6.
Click OK to exit the Properties dialog box, then exit Local Security Settings and
Administrative Tools.
7.
Restart your computer.
If a user exists locally and at the domain level, Windows gives the local user
precedence. To use the domain user, qualify the user name with the domain name. For
example, to use the user joe in the ACCOUNTS domain specify the user name as
ACCOUNTS\joe.
5.5.14 Configuring Oracle Database to Communicate with Oracle Automatic Storage
Management
On Windows, Oracle Database installations that use Oracle Automatic Storage
Management must use Windows native authentication. By default, Windows native
authentication is enabled. To ensure that it is, check the sqlnet.ora file, by default
located in ORACLE_HOME\network\admin, and ensure that it has NTS enabled. For
example:
sqlnet.authentication_services=(NTS)
See Also: Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for
more information about Windows native authentication
5.5.15 Configuring Databases to Use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
You have the option to configure Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
automatically when creating a new database using Database Control Assistant. This
lets you administer your entire database using Enterprise Manager Database Control.
See Also: Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Advanced Installation
and Configuration Guide for information about configuring a database
to use Database Control
5.5.16 Installing Oracle Database Examples
If you plan to use the following products or features, then download and install the
products from the Oracle Database Examples media:
■
Oracle Database Examples
■
Oracle JDBC Development Drivers
■
Oracle Text Knowledge Base
See Also: Oracle Database Examples Installation Guide for detailed
information about various Oracle product demonstrations
5.6 Creating a Fast Recovery Area Disk Group
During installation, by default you can create one disk group. If you plan to add an
Oracle Database for a standalone server, then you should create the fast recovery area
for database files.
5.6.1 About the Fast Recovery Area and the Fast Recovery Area Disk Group
The fast recovery area is a unified storage location for all Oracle Database files related
to recovery. Database administrators can define the DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST_SIZE_
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 5-11
Creating a Fast Recovery Area Disk Group
SIZE parameter to the path for the fast recovery area to enable on-disk backups, and
rapid recovery of data. Enabling rapid backups for recent data can reduce requests to
system administrators to retrieve backup tapes for recovery operations.
When you enable fast recovery in the init.ora file, it writes all RMAN backups,
archive logs, control file automatic backups, and database copies to the fast recovery
area. RMAN automatically manages files in the fast recovery area by deleting obsolete
backups and archive files no longer required for recovery.
Oracle recommends that you create a fast recovery area disk group. Oracle
Clusterware files and Oracle Database files can be placed on the same disk group, and
you can also place fast recovery files in the same disk group. However, Oracle
recommends that you create a separate fast recovery disk group to reduce storage
device contention.
The fast recovery area is enabled by setting DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST_SIZE. The size of
the fast recovery area is set with DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST_SIZE. As a general rule, the
larger the fast recovery area, the more useful it becomes. For ease of use, Oracle
recommends that you create a fast recovery area disk group on storage devices that
can contain at least three days of recovery information. Ideally, the fast recovery area
should be large enough to hold a copy of all of your datafiles and control files, the
online redo logs, and the archived redo log files needed to recover your database
using the datafile backups kept under your retention policy.
Multiple databases can use the same fast recovery area. For example, assume you have
created one fast recovery area disk group on disks with 150 GB of storage, shared by
three different databases. You can set the size of the fast recovery for each database
depending on the importance of each database. For example, if database1 is your least
important database, database2 is of greater importance and database3 is of greatest
importance, then you can set different DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST_SIZE settings for each
database to meet your retention target for each database: 30 GB for database1, 50 GB
for database2, and 70 GB for database3.
5.6.2 Creating the Fast Recovery Area Disk Group
To create a fast recovery file disk group:
1.
Navigate to the Grid home bin directory, and start ASM Configuration Assistant
(ASMCA). For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> cd \app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid\bin
DRIVE_LETTER:\> asmca
2.
ASMCA opens at the Disk Groups tab. Click Create to create a disk group.
3.
The Create Disk Groups window opens.
In the Disk Group Name field, enter a descriptive name for the fast recovery area
group. For example: FRA.
In the Redundancy section, select the level of redundancy you want to use.
In the Select Member Disks field, select eligible disks to be added to the fast
recovery area, and click OK.
4.
The Diskgroup Creation window opens to inform you when disk group creation is
complete. Click OK.
5.
Click Exit.
5-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Enabling and Disabling Database Options
See Also:
■
■
"Setting the Fast Recovery Area Location and Initial Size" section
in Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
5.7 Enabling and Disabling Database Options
When you install Oracle Database, certain options are enabled and others are disabled.
If you must enable or disable a particular database feature for an Oracle home, then
shut down the database and use the chopt tool. See Example 5–1.
The chopt tool is a command-line utility that is located in the ORACLE_HOME\bin
directory. The syntax for chopt is as follows:
chopt [ enable | disable] db_option
The possible values for db_option described in the following table.
Value
Description
dm
Oracle Data Mining RDBMS Files
dv
Oracle Database Vault
lbac
Oracle Label Security
olap
Oracle OLAP
partitioning
Oracle Partitioning
rat
Oracle Real Application Testing
ode_net_2
Oracle Database Extensions for .NET 2.0
Example 5–1 Complete Example of Running the Chopt Tool
To enable the Oracle Label Security option in your Oracle binary files:
1.
Shut down the database with srvctl or SQL*Plus:
srvctl stop database -d myDb
2.
Stop the database service, OracleServiceSID, using the Services program in
Control Panel.
3.
Run the following commands:
cd %ORACLE_HOME%/bin
chopt enable lbac
4.
Start the database service, OracleServiceSID, using the Services program in
Control Panel.
5.
Start up the database:
srvctl start database -d myDb
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 5-13
Enabling and Disabling Database Options
5-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
6
Getting Started with Oracle Database
6
This chapter describes where to go after you have completed an Oracle Database
installation, such as how to check the installed contents, start various tools, and
identify and locate various files. It covers these topics:
■
Checking the Installed Oracle Database Contents and Directory Location
■
Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control
■
Managing Oracle Automatic Storage Management
■
Starting and Stopping an Oracle Database
■
Accessing Oracle Database with SQL*Plus
■
Accessing Oracle Database with Oracle SQL Developer
■
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
■
Identifying Databases
■
Locating the Server Parameter File
■
Identifying Tablespaces and Data Files
■
Locating Redo Log Files
■
Locating Control Files
■
Understanding Oracle Database Services on Windows
6.1 Checking the Installed Oracle Database Contents and Directory
Location
Use Oracle Universal Installer to check the contents and directory location of your
Oracle Database installation.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Start menu, select All Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then
Oracle Installation Products, then Universal Installer.
2.
In the Welcome window, click Installed Products to display the Inventory dialog
box.
3.
To check the installed contents, find the Oracle Database product in the list.
To find additional information about an installed product, click Details.
4.
To check the directory location of the installed contents, click the Environment
tab.
Getting Started with Oracle Database 6-1
Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control
5.
Click Close to exit the Inventory dialog box.
6.
Click Cancel to exit Oracle Universal Installer, then click Yes to confirm.
6.2 Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control provides a Web-based user interface that
you can use to monitor, administer, and maintain an Oracle database, including Oracle
Automatic Storage Management.
To log in to Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control:
1.
Open your Web browser and enter the following URL:
https://hostname:port/em
In a default installation, the port number is 1158. If you are unsure of the correct
port number to use, look for the following line in the ORACLE_
HOME\install\portlist.ini file:
Enterprise Manager Console HTTP Port (dbhome_name) = port
The portlist.ini file is not updated if you change a port
number after you install Oracle Database. "Changing the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports" on page E-3 explains
how to find the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control port
number in this situation.
Note:
For example, if you installed the database on a host computer named mgmt42, and
the port number listed in the portlist.ini file is 5500, then enter the following
URL:
http://mgmt42:5500/em
Enterprise Manager displays the Database Control Login Page.
2.
Log in to the database using the user name SYSTEM and connect as SYSDBA.
Enterprise Manager displays the Database Home page.
Use the password that you specified for the SYSTEM account during the
installation.
You can also log in to the Database Control using the SYS,
SYSTEM,or SYSMAN accounts or you can grant login privileges to other
database users.
Note:
6.2.1 Understanding Database Control Login Privileges
When you log in to Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control using the SYSMAN
user account, you are logging in as the Oracle Enterprise Manager super user. The
SYSMAN account is automatically granted the roles and privileges required to access all
the management functionality provided with Database Control.
You can also use the SYS and SYSTEM accounts to log in to Database Control. In
addition, you can grant login privileges to other database users. To grant management
access for other database users, use the following procedure:
6-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Managing Oracle Automatic Storage Management
1.
Log in to Database Control.
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 6-2
2.
Click Setup at the top of the Database Control Home page.
3.
Click Administrators in the left navigation bar.
4.
Click Create to create an Enterprise Manager user.
5.
In the Name field, enter the user name of an existing database user, or click the
flashlight icon and select a user from the pop-up window.
6.
Enter the password for this user, then click Review.
7.
On the properties page, click Finish.
Enterprise Manager assigns login privileges to the specified user and includes this
user in the list of Enterprise Manager users on the Setup Administrators page.
To enable a nonadministrative user to log in to Database Control, the user must be
granted the SELECT ANY DICTIONARY system privilege.
6.3 Managing Oracle Automatic Storage Management
This section covers the following topics:
■
Starting and Stopping Oracle Automatic Storage Management
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Utilities
6.3.1 Starting and Stopping Oracle Automatic Storage Management
To start and stop Oracle Automatic Storage Management, in addition to using
SQL*Plus, you can use the srvctl utility.
To start Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance using the srvctl utility, run
the following command:
srvctl start asm
To stop Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance using the srvctl utility, run
the following command:
srvctl stop asm
See Also: Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide
for information about starting and stopping Oracle Automatic Storage
Management instances by using SQL*Plus
6.3.2 Oracle Automatic Storage Management Utilities
To manage Oracle Automatic Storage Management, you can use the following tools:
■
■
asmcmd: This command-line tool lets you manage Oracle Automatic Storage
Management disk group files and directories.
asmtool: This command-line tool is required to stamp the disks to create or modify
disk groups later on after the database installation.
Getting Started with Oracle Database 6-3
Starting and Stopping an Oracle Database
■
■
■
■
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assistant: Oracle
Automatic Storage Management Configuration Assistant (ASMCA) is an
interactive utility that enables you to create an Oracle Automatic Storage
Management instance or upgrade existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management
instances. It also enables you to create and configure disk groups, Oracle
Automatic Storage Management volumes and Oracle Automatic Storage
Management File Systems (ASMFS).
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control: If you have Oracle Enterprise Manager
installed, you can use Grid Control to manage Oracle Automatic Storage
Management functions such as migrating an existing database to Oracle
Automatic Storage Management, checking the status of the Oracle Automatic
Storage Management instance, checking the performance of the Oracle Automatic
Storage Management disk groups, creating or dropping Oracle Automatic Storage
Management disk groups, and so on.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control: This utility lets you perform
functions similar to Grid Control.
SQL*Plus: You can use Oracle Automatic Storage Management-specific commands
from this tool. To connect to the Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance,
you use the same methods that you use to connect to an Oracle Database instance.
See Also:
■
■
■
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on page 6-2
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for
more information about managing Oracle Automatic Storage
Management
Oracle Database Utilities for more information about the asmcmd
utility
6.4 Starting and Stopping an Oracle Database
You can start and stop an Oracle database by using any of the following methods:
■
■
■
Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control
Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Administration Assistant for
Windows
Starting and Stopping the Database from the Microsoft Windows Services Utility
6.4.1 Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control
To start or stop the database:
1.
From a Web browser, start Enterprise Manager Database Control and log in, for
example:
http://myserver:1158/em
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 6-2
2.
Click Home to go to the home page.
6-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Accessing Oracle Database with SQL*Plus
3.
Under General, click Start to start the database or click Shutdown to shut it down.
6.4.2 Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Administration Assistant for
Windows
To start or stop the database:
1.
From the Start menu, select All Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then
Configuration and Migration Tools, and then Administrative Assistant for
Windows.
2.
In the console window, expand the Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
tree structure.
3.
Under Databases, right-click the name of the database, and from the menu, select
from the following options:
■
Connect Database
■
Start Service
■
Disconnect Database
■
Stop Service
■
Startup/Shutdown Options
■
Process Information
6.4.3 Starting and Stopping the Database from the Microsoft Windows Services Utility
You can use SQL or srvctl utility to start or stop the database instance. SRVCTL starts
the service automatically.
To use SQL to start the database instance, start the Windows services:
1.
From the Start menu, select All Programs, then Administrative Tools, and then
Services.
2.
In the Services dialog box, locate the name of the database you want to start or
stop.
3.
Right-click the name of the database, and from the menu, select either Start, Stop,
or Pause.
To set its startup properties, right-click Properties, and in the dialog box, select
either Automatic, Manual, or Disabled from the Startup type list.
6.5 Accessing Oracle Database with SQL*Plus
To issue SQL and PL/SQL statements to Oracle Database, you can use SQL*Plus. This
tool enables you to perform the same database management operations, and query,
insert, update, or delete data directly in the database.
To start SQL*Plus, from the Start menu, select All Programs, then Oracle - HOME_
NAME, then Application Development, and then SQL Plus.
Alternatively, at the command line, you can enter the following command at a
Windows command prompt:
C:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT user_name
Enter password: password
Getting Started with Oracle Database 6-5
Accessing Oracle Database with Oracle SQL Developer
For example, to log on as SYSTEM using the password password, you enter:
C:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYSTEM
Enter password: password
If you are logging on as SYS, you must connect as SYSDBA:
C:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS AS SYSDBA
Enter password: password
See Also:
■
SQL*Plus User's Guide and Reference
■
SQL*Plus Quick Reference
■
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information about
accessing Oracle Database using SQL*Plus
6.6 Accessing Oracle Database with Oracle SQL Developer
To issue SQL and PL/SQL statements to Oracle Database, you can use SQL Developer.
All SQL and PL/SQL commands are supported as they are passed directly from the
SQL Worksheet to the Oracle Database.
To start SQL Developer:
1.
From the Start menu, select All Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then
Application Development, and then SQL Developer.
2.
If you are asked to enter the full path name for java.exe, click Browse and find
java.exe. For example, C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.6.0_06\bin\java.exe.
3.
Once SQL Developer starts, perform the following steps:
■
Right-click Connections.
■
Select New Connection.
■
■
In the New/Select Database Connection dialog box, enter a Connection name,
username, password, and for the host string, the name of the database to
which you want to connect.
Click Connect.
Once connected, you can view, create, modify, and delete the database objects using
the Connection Navigator or issue any SQL or PL/SQL command using a SQL
Worksheet (From the Tools menu, select SQL Worksheet).
SQL*Plus commands have to be interpreted by the SQL Worksheet before being
passed to the database. The SQL Worksheet currently supports many SQL*Plus
commands. SQL*Plus commands which are not supported by the SQL Worksheet are
ignored and are not sent to the Oracle Database.
See Also: "SQL*Plus Statements Supported and Not Supported in
SQL Worksheet" in Oracle Database SQL Developer User's Guide
6-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
6.7 Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
All databases created by Oracle Database Configuration Assistant include the SYS,
SYSTEM, SYSMAN, and DBSNMP database accounts. In addition, Oracle provides several
other administrative accounts. Before using these other accounts, you must unlock
them and reset their passwords. This section covers the following topics:
■
Reviewing Administrative Accounts
■
Unlocking and Resetting User Passwords
See Also:
■
■
■
"Unlocking and Resetting User Passwords" on page 6-9 for
information about using Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control to view a complete list of the user accounts defined for
your database
"Modifying Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
Parameters" in Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft
Windows for instructions on how to change the password for
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for information about Oracle
security procedures and security best practices
6.7.1 Reviewing Administrative Accounts
Table 6–1 describes the administrative user names.
Table 6–1
Administrative Accounts
User Name
Description
See Also
ANONYMOUS
Allows HTTP access to Oracle XML DB.
Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide
APEX_030200
The account owns the Oracle Application Express
schema and metadata.
Oracle Application Express Application
Builder User's Guide
APEX_PUBLIC_USER
The minimally privileged account used for Oracle
Application Express configuration with Oracle
HTTP Server and mod_plsql.
Oracle Application Express Application
Builder User's Guide
APPQOSSYS
Used for storing or managing all data and
metadata required by Oracle Quality of Service
Management.
None
BI
Owns the Business Intelligence schema included
in the Oracle Sample Schemas. It is only available
if you loaded the Sample Schemas.
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
CTXSYS
The Oracle Text account.
Oracle Text Reference
DBSNMP
Used by Management Agent of Oracle Enterprise
Manager to monitor and manage the database.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control
Basic Installation Guide
DIP
Used by Directory Integration Platform (DIP) to
synchronize the changes in Oracle Internet
Directory with the applications in the database.
None
Getting Started with Oracle Database 6-7
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
Table 6–1 (Cont.) Administrative Accounts
User Name
Description
See Also
DVSYS
There are two roles associated with this account.
Database Vault owner role manages the Database
Vault roles and configurations. The Database
Vault Account Manager is used to manage
database user accounts.
Oracle Database Vault Administrator's
Guide
Note: Part of Oracle Database Vault user interface
text is stored in database tables in the DVSYS
schema. By default, only the English language is
loaded into these tables. You can use Oracle
Database Vault Configuration Assistant to add
more languages to Oracle Database Vault. For the
necessary steps, refer to Appendix C in Oracle
Database Vault Administrator's Guide
EXFSYS
Owns the Expression Filter schema.
None
FLOWS_FILES
The account owns the Oracle Application Express
uploaded files.
Oracle Application Express Application
Builder User's Guide
HR
Owns the Human Resources schema included in
the Oracle Sample Schemas. It is available only if
you loaded the Sample Schemas.
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
IX
Owns the Information Transport schema included
in the Oracle Sample Schemas. This account is
available only if you loaded the Sample Schemas.
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
LBACSYS
The Oracle Label Security administrator account.
Oracle Label Security Administrator's
Guide
MDDATA
Used by Oracle Spatial for storing Geocoder and
router data.
Oracle Spatial Developer's Guide
MDSYS
The Oracle Spatial and Oracle Multimedia Locator Oracle Spatial Developer's Guide
administrator account.
MGMT_VIEW
Used by Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control.
None
OE
Owns the Order Entry schema included in the
Oracle Sample Schemas. This account is available
only if you loaded the Sample Schemas.
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
ORACLE_OCM
This account contains the instrumentation for
configuration collection used by the Oracle
Configuration Manager.
Oracle Configuration Manager
Installation and Administration Guide
ORDDATA
This account contains the Oracle Multimedia
DICOM data model.
Oracle Multimedia DICOM Developer's
Guide
ORDPLUGINS
The Oracle Multimedia user. Plug-ins supplied by
Oracle and third party plug-ins are installed in
this schema.
Oracle Multimedia Reference
ORDSYS
The Oracle Multimedia administrator account.
Oracle Multimedia Reference
OUTLN
Centrally manages metadata associated with
stored outlines. Supports plan stability, which
enables maintenance of the same execution plans
for the same SQL statements.
Oracle Database Performance Tuning
Guide
OWBSYS
The account used by Oracle Warehouse Builder as
its default repository. You must unlock this
account after installing the Oracle Database and
before starting the Warehouse Builder Repository
Assistant.
Oracle Warehouse Builder Installation and
Administration Guide for Windows and
Linux
6-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
Table 6–1 (Cont.) Administrative Accounts
User Name
Description
See Also
PM
Owns the Product Media schema included in the
Oracle Sample Schemas. This account is created
only if you loaded the Sample Schemas.
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
SCOTT
An account used by Oracle sample programs and
examples.
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
SH
Owns the Sales History schema included in the
Oracle Sample Schemas. This account is available
only if you loaded the Sample Schemas during an
Enterprise Edition installation
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA Stores the information views for the SQL/MM
Still Image Standard.
Oracle Multimedia Reference
SPATIAL_CSW_ADMIN_ The Catalog Services for the Web (CSW) account.
USR
It is used by the Oracle Spatial CSW cache
manager to load all record type metadata and all
record instances from the database into main
memory for the record types that are cached.
Oracle Spatial Developer's Guide
SPATIAL_WFS_ADMIN_ The Web Feature Service (WFS) account. It is used
USR
by the Oracle Spatial WFS cache manager to load
all feature type metadata and all feature instances
from the database into main memory for the
feature types that are cached.
Oracle Spatial Developer's Guide
SYS
Used for performing database administration
tasks.
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
SYSMAN
The account used to perform Oracle Enterprise
Manager database administration tasks.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control
Basic Installation Guide
SYSTEM
Used for performing database administration
tasks.
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
WMSYS
The account used to store the metadata
information for Oracle Workspace Manager.
Oracle Database Workspace Manager
Developer's Guide
XDB
Used for storing Oracle XML DB data and
metadata.
Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide
See Also:
■
■
■
"Database Users and Schemas" of Oracle Database Concepts
"Database Administrator Usernames" of Oracle Database
Administrator's Guide
"Administering External Users and Roles on Windows" of Oracle
Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
6.7.2 Unlocking and Resetting User Passwords
Passwords for all Oracle system administration accounts except SYS, SYSTEM, SYSMAN,
and DBSNMP are revoked after installation. Before you use a locked account, you must
unlock it and reset its password. If you created a starter database during the
installation, Oracle Database Configuration Assistant displays a screen with your
database information and the Password Management button. Use the Password
Management button and unlock only the user names you use.
Apply the following guidelines when specifying passwords:
■
Passwords must be between 8 and 30 characters long.
Getting Started with Oracle Database 6-9
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
■
■
Passwords must not start with a numeral.
Password cannot contain invalid characters: ! @ % ^ & * ( ) + = \ | ` ~ [ { ] } ; : ' " , <
>?
■
Passwords must not be the same as the user name.
■
Passwords must not be Oracle reserved words.
■
The SYS account password cannot be change_on_install. (case-insensitive)
■
The SYSTEM account password cannot be manager. (case-insensitive)
■
The SYSMAN account password cannot be sysman. (case-insensitive)
■
The DBSNMP account password cannot be dbsnmp. (case-insensitive)
■
■
■
If you choose to use the same password for all the accounts, then that password
cannot be change_on_install, manager, sysman, or dbsnmp. (case-insensitive)
Passwords must have at least one alphabetic, one numeric, and one special
character.
Passwords must not be simple or obvious words, such as welcome, account,
database, and user.
If you created a starter database during the installation, but you did not unlock the
required account, then unlock the account using one of the following methods:
■
Using Enterprise Manager Database Control to Unlock and Change Passwords
■
Using SQL*Plus to Unlock and Change Passwords
See Also: Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information
about:
■
Unlocking and changing passwords after installation
■
Oracle security procedures
■
Security best practices
6.7.2.1 Using Enterprise Manager Database Control to Unlock and Change
Passwords
To unlock and reset user account passwords with Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control:
1.
Log in to Database Control.
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 6-2
2.
Click Schema.
3.
In the Users and Privileges section of the Schema page, click Users.
Enterprise Manager displays a table containing all database accounts. The Account
Status column indicates whether the account is locked and whether the password
is expired.
4.
Select the user account you want to modify, then click Edit.
5.
Use the General page of the Users property sheet to change the password and lock
or unlock the selected account. Click Help for additional information.
6-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Identifying Databases
6.7.2.2 Using SQL*Plus to Unlock and Change Passwords
Use SQL*Plus to unlock accounts and change passwords any time after the installation
process.
To change a password after installation:
1.
Start SQL*Plus:
C:\> sqlplus /nolog
2.
Connect as SYSDBA:
SQL> CONNECT SYS AS SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
3.
Enter a command similar to the following, where account is the user account to
unlock and password is the new password:
SQL> ALTER USER account IDENTIFIED BY password ACCOUNT UNLOCK;;
In this example, the ACCOUNT UNLOCK clause unlocks the account.
6.8 Identifying Databases
The Oracle Database 11g software identifies a database by its global database name. A
global database name consists of the database name and database domain. Usually,
the database domain is the same as the network domain, but it need not be. The global
database name uniquely distinguishes a database from any other database in the same
network. You specify the global database name when you create a database during the
installation, or when using Oracle Database Configuration Assistant.
The database name input field is used to set the DB_NAME, DB_UNIQUE_NAME, and DB_
DOMAIN Oracle initialization parameter values.
For example:
sales_world.example.com
In this example:
■
■
■
sales_world is the name of the database. The database name (DB_UNIQUE_NAME)
portion is a string of no more than 30 characters that can contain alphanumeric,
underscore (_), dollar ($), and pound (#) characters but must begin with an
alphabetic character. No other special characters are permitted in a database name.
sales_wo is the DB_NAME. The DB_NAME initialization parameter specifies a database
identifier of up to eight characters.
example.com is the network domain in which the database is located. Together, the
database name and the network domain make the global database name unique.
The domain portion is a string of no more than 128 characters that can contain
alphanumeric, underscore (_), and pound (#) characters. The DB_DOMAIN
initialization parameter specifies the domain name.
The DB_UNIQUE_NAME parameter and the DB_DOMAIN name parameter combine to create
the global database name value assigned to the SERVICE_NAMES parameter in the
initialization parameter file.
The System Identifier (SID) identifies a specific database instance. The SID uniquely
distinguishes the instance from any other instance on the same computer. Each
database instance requires a unique SID and database name.
Getting Started with Oracle Database
6-11
Locating the Server Parameter File
For example, if the SID and database name for an Oracle database are ORCL, then each
database file is located in the ORACLE_BASE\oradata\orcl directory, and the
initialization parameter file is located in the ORACLE_BASE\admin\orcl\pfile
directory.
See Also:
"DB_UNIQUE_NAME" and "DB_NAME" in Oracle Database
Reference
6.9 Locating the Server Parameter File
The starter database contains one database initialization parameter file. The
initialization parameter file, init.ora.xxxxx, must exist for an instance to start. A
parameter file is a text file that contains a list of instance configuration parameters. The
starter database init.ora file has preconfigured parameters. You must not edit this
file to use the starter database.
The server parameter file (SPFILE) is created from the initialization parameter file,
then the initialization parameter file is renamed. The SPFILE file name is
spfileSID.ora and is located in the ORACLE_HOME\database directory.
You can use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to view the location of the
server parameter file and list all of the initialization parameters, as follows:
1.
Log in to Database Control.
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 6-2
2.
Click Server.
3.
In the Database Configuration section of the Server page, click All Initialization
Parameters.
Database Control displays a table listing the current value of each initialization
parameter.
4.
Click SPFile.
Database Control displays a table listing the value of each initialization parameter
specified in the server parameter file. The location of the server parameter file is
displayed before the table.
See Also:
■
■
"Oracle Database Specifications for Windows" of Oracle Database
Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for a list of Oracle
Database-specific initialization parameters for Windows and their
default values
Oracle Database Reference for more information about initialization
parameters
6.10 Identifying Tablespaces and Data Files
An Oracle Database is divided into smaller logical areas of space known as
tablespaces. Each tablespace corresponds to one or more physical data files. Data files
contain the contents of logical database structures such as tables and indexes. A data
file can be associated with only one tablespace and database.
6-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Identifying Tablespaces and Data Files
The SYSAUX and SYSTEM tablespaces must be present in all
Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) databases.
Note:
Table 6–2 list the tablespaces and data files in the Oracle Database. By default, the data
files are located in the ORACLE_BASE\oradata\DB_NAME directory.
Table 6–2
Tablespaces and Data Files
Tablespace
Data File
Description
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE01.DBF
Stores the Sample Schemas, if you included them.
SYSAUX
SYSAUX01.DBF
Serves as an auxiliary tablespace to the SYSTEM tablespace.
Some products and options that previously used the
SYSTEM tablespace now use the SYSAUX tablespace to
reduce the load on the SYSTEM tablespace.
SYSTEM
SYSTEM01.DBF
Stores the data dictionary, including definitions of tables,
views, and stored procedures needed by the Oracle
Database. Information in this area is maintained
automatically.
TEMP
TEMP01.DBF
Stores temporary tables and indexes created during the
processing of your SQL statement. If you run a SQL
statement that involves a lot of sorting, such as the
constructs GROUP BY, ORDER BY, or DISTINCT, then you
must expand this tablespace.
UNDOTBS
UNDOTBS01.DBF
Stores undo information. The undo tablespace contains
one or more undo segments that maintain transaction
history that is used to roll back, or undo, changes to the
database.
All starter databases are configured to run in automatic
undo management mode.
USERS
USERS01.DBF
Stores database objects created by database users.
To use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to view the list of datafiles
currently available in your database:
1.
Log in to Database Control.
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 6-2
2.
Click Server.
3.
In the Storage section of the Server page, click Datafiles.
Enterprise Manager displays a table listing each data file, and the tablespace with
which it is associated. For more information about using Database Control to
view, modify, and create tablespaces, click Help.
Getting Started with Oracle Database
6-13
Locating Redo Log Files
See Also:
■
■
■
"Tablespaces, Data Files, and Control Files" of Oracle Database
Concepts
"Managing Tablespaces" and "Managing Data Files and
Tempfiles" of Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
"Managing the Undo Tablespace" of Oracle Database
Administrator's Guide
6.11 Locating Redo Log Files
The preconfigured database contains two control files located in the ORACLE_
BASE\oradata\DB_NAME directory. Oracle recommends that you keep at least two
control files (on separate physical drives) for each database, and set the CONTROL_FILES
initialization parameter to list each control file.
A control file is an administrative file. Oracle Database 11g requires a control file to
start and run the database. The control file defines the physical structure of the
database. For example, it defines the database name and the names and locations of
the database data files and redo log files.
To use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to view or modify the redo log
files for your starter database:
1.
Start your Web browser and log in to Database Control.
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 6-2
2.
Click Server.
3.
In the Storage section of the Server page, click Redo Log Groups.
Enterprise Manager displays a table containing the control files currently defined
for this database instance.
4.
To view the name and location of the redo log file associated with a particular
group, select that group then click View.
For more information about using Database Control to view, modify, and create
tablespaces, click Help.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide
"Managing Archived Redo Logs" in Oracle Database Administrator's
Guide
6.12 Locating Control Files
The preconfigured database contains two control files located in the ORACLE_
BASE\oradata\DB_NAME directory. Oracle recommends that you keep at least two
control files (on separate physical drives) for each database, and set the CONTROL_FILES
initialization parameter to list each control file.
A control file is an administrative file required to start and run the database. The
control file records the physical structure of the database. For example, a control file
6-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Understanding Oracle Database Services on Windows
contains the database name, and the names and locations of the database data files and
redo log files.
To use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to view or modify the control files
for your starter database:
1.
Log in to Database Control.
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 6-2
2.
Click Server.
3.
In the Storage section of the Server page, click Control files.
Enterprise Manager displays a table containing the control files currently defined
for this database instance. For more information about using control files and
backing up control files, click Help.
See Also: "Managing Control Files" of Oracle Database
Administrator's Guide for information about setting this initialization
parameter value
6.13 Understanding Oracle Database Services on Windows
Two main Oracle services are automatically started after installation when you create
a database:
■
OracleServiceSID (Oracle Database service)
■
OracleHOME_NAMETNSListener (Oracle Database listener service)
If you installed Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control, then the
OracleDBConsoleSID service is automatically started. In you configured Oracle
Automatic Storage Management, the OracleOHService and OracleASMService+ASM
services are listed as well. However, other services for networking or other individual
components may not automatically start.
Getting Started with Oracle Database
6-15
Understanding Oracle Database Services on Windows
6-16 Oracle Database Installation Guide
7
Removing Oracle Database Software
7
This chapter describes how to completely remove Oracle software and configuration
files related to the specified Oracle home
The deinstall command removes standalone Oracle Database installations, Oracle
Clusterware and Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) from your
server, as well as Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) and Oracle Database
client installations.
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2), Oracle recommends that you use
the deinstallation tool to remove the entire Oracle home associated with the Oracle
Database, Oracle Clusterware, Oracle ASM, Oracle RAC, or Oracle Database client
installation. Oracle does not support the removal of individual products or
components.
See Also: Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide and Oracle Real
Application Clusters Installation Guide for information about removing
an Oracle RAC installation.
The "Dropping Disk Groups" section in the Oracle Automatic Storage
Management Administrator's Guide for information about removing an
Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group.
The following sections describe the tool, and provide information about additional
options to use the tool:
■
About the Deinstallation Tool
■
Downloading the Deinstall Tool for Use with Failed Installations
■
Example of Running the Deinstall Command
■
Example of a Deinstallation Parameter File for an Oracle Database
■
Example of a Deinstallation Parameter File for Oracle Grid Infrastructure
Caution: If you have a standalone database on a node in a cluster
and you have multiple databases with the same global database name
(GDN), then you cannot use the deinstall tool to remove one database
only.
7.1 About the Deinstallation Tool
The Deinstallation Tool (deinstall) is available in the installation media before
installation, and is available in Oracle home directories after installation. It is located
in ORACLE_HOME\deinstall.
Removing Oracle Database Software
7-1
About the Deinstallation Tool
The deinstall command uses the information you provide and the information
gathered from the software home to create a parameter file. Alternatively, you can
supply a parameter file generated previously by the deinstall command using the
–checkonly option, or by editing the response file template.
Caution: When you run the deinstall command, if the central
inventory contains no other registered homes besides the home that
you are deconfiguring and removing, then the Deinstallation tool
removes the following files and directory contents in the Oracle base
directory of the Oracle Database installation owner:
■
admin
■
cfgtoollogs
■
checkpoints
■
diag
■
oradata
■
flash_recovery_area
Oracle strongly recommends that you configure your installations
using an Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) configuration, and that
you reserve Oracle base and Oracle home paths for exclusive use of
Oracle software. If you have any user data in these locations in the
Oracle base that is owned by the user account that owns the Oracle
software, then the deinstall command deletes this data.
The command uses the following syntax, where variable content is indicated by italics:
deinstall.bat -home complete path of Oracle home [-silent] [-checkonly] [-local]
[-paramfile complete path of input parameter property file] [-params name1=value
name2=value . . .]
[-o complete path of directory for saving files] [-help]
Oracle recommends that you run the deinstallation tool as the Oracle software
installation owner. The default method for running the deinstall tool is from the
deinstall directory in the Oracle home as the installation owner:
%ORACLE_HOME%\deinstall
DRIVE_LETTER:\> deinstall
Provide information about your servers as prompted or accept the defaults.
The deinstall tool stops Oracle software, and removes Oracle software and
configuration files on the operating system for a specific Oracle home. If you run the
deinstallation tool to remove an Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server,
then the deinstaller prompts you to run the roothas.pl script, to deconfigure Oracle
Restart.
In addition, you can run the deinstall tool from other locations, or with a parameter
file, or select other options to run the tool.
7-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
About the Deinstallation Tool
On Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server
2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server
2012 if User Account Control is enabled, then you must create a
desktop shortcut to a DOS command window. Open the command
window through the Run as administrator, right-click context menu,
and start the deinstall tool.
Note:
For more information about the User Account Control, see "Managing
User Accounts with User Account Control".
The options are:
■
-home
Use this flag to indicate the home path of the Oracle home to check or deinstall. To
deinstall Oracle software using the deinstall command in the Oracle home you
plan to deinstall, provide a parameter file in another location, and do not use the
-home flag.
If you run deinstall from the ORACLE_HOME\deinstall path, then the -home flag is
not required because the tool knows from which home it is being run. If you use
the standalone version of the tool, then -home is mandatory.
■
-silent
Use this flag to run the command in silent or response file mode. If you use the
-silent flag, then you must use the -paramfile flag, and provide a parameter file
that contains the configuration values for the Oracle home to deinstall or
deconfigure.
You can generate a parameter file to use or modify by running deinstall with the
-checkonly flag. The deinstall command then discovers information from the
Oracle home to deinstall and deconfigure. It generates the properties file, which
you can then use with the -silent option.
You can also modify the template file deinstall.rsp.tmpl, located in the
response folder.
■
-checkonly
Use this flag to check the status of the Oracle software home configuration.
Running the command with the -checkonly flag does not remove the Oracle
configuration. The -checkonly flag generates a parameter file that you can use
with the deinstall command.
■
-local
Use this flag on a multinode environment to deinstall Oracle software in a cluster.
When you run deinstall with this flag, it deconfigures and deinstalls the Oracle
software on the local node (the node where deinstall is run). On remote nodes, it
deconfigures Oracle software, but does not deinstall the Oracle software.
■
-paramfile complete path of input parameter property file
Use this flag to run deinstall with a parameter file in a location other than the
default. When you use this flag, provide the complete path where the parameter
file is located.
The default location of the parameter file depends on the location of deinstall:
Removing Oracle Database Software
7-3
Downloading the Deinstall Tool for Use with Failed Installations
■
–
From the installation media or stage location: ORACLE_
HOME\inventory\response.
–
From a unzipped archive file from OTN: ziplocation\response.
–
After installation from the installed Oracle home: ORACLE_
HOME\deinstall\response.
-params [name1=value name 2=value name3=value . . .]
Use this flag with a parameter file to override one or more values to change it in a
parameter file you have created.
■
-o complete path of directory for saving files
Use this flag to provide a path other than the default location where the properties
file is saved. The default location is \response\deinstall.rsp.tmpl.
The default location of the parameter file depends on the location of deinstall:
■
–
From the installation media or stage location before installation: ORACLE_HOME\
–
From an unzipped archive file from OTN: \ziplocation\response\.
–
After installation from the installed Oracle home: ORACLE_
HOME/deinstall/response.
-help
Use the help option (-help ) to obtain additional information about the optional
flags.
7.2 Downloading the Deinstall Tool for Use with Failed Installations
If you require the Deinstallation Tool (deinstall) to remove failed or incomplete
installations, then it is available as a separate download from the Oracle Technology
Network (OTN) Web site.
To download the Deinstallation Tool from OTN:
1.
Go to the following URL:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads
/index.html
2.
Under Oracle Database 11g Release 2, click See All for the respective platform for
which you want to download the Deinstallation Tool.
The Deinstallation Tool is available for download after this page.
7.3 Example of Running the Deinstall Command
As the deinstall.bat command runs, you are prompted to provide the home
directory of the Oracle software to remove from your system. Provide additional
information as prompted.
If you run the deinstall tool from the deinstall.zip file, you must include the -home
flag, and the help is displayed. If you run the tool from the installed ORACLE_HOME,
then -home flag is not required and deinstallation starts without prompting you for a
home address.
Use the optional flag -paramfile to provide a path to a parameter file.
7-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Example of a Deinstallation Parameter File for an Oracle Database
In the following example, the deinstall.bat command is in the path
C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\deinstall, and it uses a parameter file in
the software owner location C:\Documents and Settings\oracle\:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> cd \app\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\deinstall\
DRIVE_LETTER:\> deinstall.bat -paramfile %HOMEPATH%\my_db_paramfile.tmpl
For the grid infrastructure home, use the deinstall.bat script in the Oracle grid
infrastructure for a standalone server home, which in this example is
C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> cd \app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid\deinstall\
DRIVE_LETTER:\> deinstall.bat -paramfile %HOMEPATH%\my_grid_paramfile.tmpl
7.4 Example of a Deinstallation Parameter File for an Oracle Database
You can run the deinstallation command on a standalone Oracle Database with the
-paramfile option to use the values you specify in the parameter file. The following is
an example of a parameter file, in which the Oracle Database binary owner is oracle,
the Oracle Database home (Oracle home) is in the path
C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1, the Oracle base (where other Oracle
software is installed) is C:\app\oracle, the Oracle Inventory home is C:\Program
Files\Oracle\Inventory, the virtual IP address (VIP) is 192.0.2.1, and the local node
(the node where you run the deinstallation session from) is myserver:
#Copyright (c) 2005, 2006 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
#Fri Jan 30 23:15:49 UTC 2009
ORACLE_BASE.orcl=C\:\\app\\oracle
FLASH_RECOVERY_LOC.orcl=C\:\\app\\oracle\\flash_recovery_area
STORAGE_TYPE.orcl=FS
DB_TYPE.orcl=SI_DB
ASM_HOME=
ASM_LOCAL_SID=
NETCA_LOCAL_LISTENERS=LISTENER
LOGDIR=C\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\dbhome_1\\deinstall\\logs\\
NODE_LIST.orcl=node1
ARCHIVE_LOG_DESTINATION_LOC.orcl=
ORACLE_BASE=C\:\\app\\oracle
OLD_ACTIVE_ORACLE_HOME=
LOCAL_SID.orcl=orcl
INVENTORY_LOCATION=C\:\\Program Files\\Oracle\\Inventory
ASM_FILES.orcl=
RAW_MAPPING_FILE.orcl=
SID_LIST.orcl=orcl
DB_UNIQUE_NAME_LIST=orcl
DATAFILE_LOC.orcl=C\:\app\\oracle\\oradata\\orcl
CRS_HOME=false
HOME_TYPE=SIDB
CREATION_MODE.orcl=y
CONFIGFILE_LOC.orcl=C\:\\app\\oracle\\oradata\\orcl\\control01.ctl,
C\:\\app\\oracle\\oradata\\orcl\\control02.ctl,
C\:\\app\\oracle\\oradata\\orcl\\control03.ctl,C\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\
dbhome_1\\database\\dr1orcl.dat,C\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\dbhome_
1\\database\\dr2orcl.dat
ORACLE_BINARY_OK=true
local=false
LOCAL_NODE=myserver
SPFILE_LOC.orcl=C\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\dbhome_
1\\database\\spfileorcl.ora
Removing Oracle Database Software
7-5
Example of a Deinstallation Parameter File for Oracle Grid Infrastructure
silent=false
ORACLE_HOME=C\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\dbhome_1
DISK_GROUPS.orcl=
7.5 Example of a Deinstallation Parameter File for Oracle Grid
Infrastructure
You can run the deinstall command on an Oracle grid infrastructure for a standalone
server home with the -paramfile option to use the values you specify in the
parameter file.
The following is an example of a parameter file, in which the Oracle grid infrastructure
binary owner is oracle, the Oracle grid infrastructure home is in the path
D\:\\app\\oracle, the Oracle base (where other Oracle software is installed) is
D\:\\app\\11.2.0\\, the central Oracle Inventory home (oraInventory) is
C\:\\Program Files\\Oracle\\Inventory, the virtual IP address (VIP) is 192.0.2.1,
the local node (the node where you are run the deinstallation session from) is
myserver:
#Copyright (c) 2005, 2006 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
#Wed Feb 18 06:15:35 PST 2009
LOCAL_NODE=myserver
HOME_TYPE=SIHA
ASM_REDUNDANCY=NORMAL
ORACLE_BASE=D\:\\app\\oracle
SCAN_PORT=0
silent=false
ASM_UPGRADE=false
ORA_CRS_HOME=D\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\grid
GPNPCONFIGDIR=$ORACLE_HOME
LOGDIR=D\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\db_1\\deinstall\\logs\\
GPNPGCONFIGDIR=$ORACLE_HOME
ORACLE_OWNER=Administrator
CRS_STORAGE_OPTION=0
ORACLE_BINARY_OK=true
NETCA_LISTENERS_REGISTERED_WITH_HAS=LISTENER
ASM_ORACLE_BASE=D\:\\app\\oracle
NETCFGJAR_NAME=netcfg.jar
JREDIR=D\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\grid\\jdk\\jre\\
ASM_DISK_GROUPS=DATA
LANGUAGE_ID='AMERICAN_AMERICA.WE8MSWIN1252'
CSS_LEASEDURATION=400
ASM_HOME=D\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\grid
ASM_DIAGNOSTIC_DEST=D\:\\app\\oracle
SHAREJAR_NAME=share.jar
HELPJAR_NAME=help4.jar
SILENT=false
local=false
INVENTORY_LOCATION=C\:\\Program Files\\Oracle\\Inventory
GNS_CONF=false
JEWTJAR_NAME=jewt4.jar
EMBASEJAR_NAME=oemlt.jar
ASM_DISKS=\\\\.\\ORCLDISKDATA0,\\\\.\\ORCLDISKDATA1,\\\\.\\ORCLDISKDATA2
ORACLE_HOME=D\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\grid
CRS_HOME=true
ASM_IN_HOME=y
EWTJAR_NAME=ewt3.jar
ASM_DROP_DISKGROUPS=true
OLD_ACTIVE_ORACLE_HOME=
7-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Example of a Deinstallation Parameter File for Oracle Grid Infrastructure
ASM_LOCAL_SID=+ASM
JLIBDIR=D\:\\app\\oracle\\product\\11.2.0\\grid\\jlib
VNDR_CLUSTER=false
ASM_DISK_GROUP=DATA
Removing Oracle Database Software
7-7
Example of a Deinstallation Parameter File for Oracle Grid Infrastructure
7-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
A
Installing Java Access Bridge
A
Java Access Bridge enables the use of a screen reader with Oracle components. Java
Access Bridge enables assistive technologies to read Java-based interfaces, such as
Oracle Universal Installer and Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control, on
Windows platform.
Java Access Bridge 2.0.2 is the latest version of Java Access Bridge that includes
updated APIs to support 64-bit systems and includes packages to support 32-bit
Windows systems. Uninstall all previous versions of Java Access Bridge before
installing the latest version.
Java Access Bridge is supported on Windows Server 2008 x64, Windows Server 2008
R2 x64, Windows 7 x64, Windows 8 x64, Windows 8.1 x64, and Windows Server 2012
x64 for 64-bit database installations. For a list of supported system configurations,
including supported versions of Microsoft Windows and Java SE, see section
"Supported System Configurations" available at the following link location:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/tech/index-jsp-136191.html
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.4), Oracle Universal Installer uses
Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.6 contained on the Oracle Database installation
media. JRE enables the use of Java Access Bridge during installation. By default, Java
Access Bridge is disabled. To enable Java Access Bridge, run the following command
(where JRE_HOME is the directory of your JRE):
JRE_HOME\bin\jabswitch -enable
For earlier releases, set up Java Access Bridge with JRE 1.5. To do so, stop your
assistive technology, then from the installation media root, go to the install directory
and double-click the access_setup.bat file before the installation. After running the
batch file, restart your assistive technology program.
See "Setting Up Java Access Bridge" for information about installing and configuring
Java Access Bridge after you install Oracle components.
Note: Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.4), Java
Access Bridge is supported on Windows x64.
A.1 Setting Up Java Access Bridge
This section describes how to install and configure Java Access Bridge for Windows
after installing Oracle components.
To set up Java Access Bridge 2.0.2 on a Windows 32-bit and 64-bit operating system:
Installing Java Access Bridge
A-1
Setting Up Java Access Bridge
1.
Go to Java Standard Edition (Java SE) Downloads page to download the latest
build of JDK 7:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/index.html
2.
Install JDK 7.
You must have administrator privileges to install JDK on
Windows.
Note:
3.
Press the Windows key+U on Windows Vista and later to open the Ease of Access
Center, and select Use the computer without a display.
Press the Windows key+U on Windows XP to open the Utility Manager.
Refer to Microsoft documentation to know about the
accessibility options available for the other supported Windows
operating systems.
Note:
4.
Select the Enable Accessbridge check box. Click Save.
5.
Download Java Access Bridge 2.0.2:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jab-2-0-2-downl
oad-354311.html
Download the accessbridge-2_0_2-fcs-bin-b06.zip file, after accepting the
Oracle license agreement.
Note: Java Access Bridge 2.0.1 is supported on Oracle Database 11g
Release 2 (11.2.0.1 to 11.2.0.3).
Download Java Access Bridge 2.0.1:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javasebusiness/downlo
ads/java-archive-downloads-java-client-419417.html#accessbri
dge-2.0.1-oth-JPR
Select the accessbridge-2_0_1-manual_install.zip file and extract
its files on your system where you plan to install Java Access Bridge.
6.
Extract accessbridge-2.0.2 to a directory on your system where you plan to
install Java Access Bridge. For example, name the directory as follows:
AB_HOME
7.
Open the command prompt and navigate to the directory depending on the type
of installation (database, client, or companion) you performed by typing the
DRIVE_LETTER:
To access the files in Disk1 directory, type the following:
DRIVE_LETTER:\>cd Disk1
8.
Run the following command once you are in the Disk1 directory:
setup.exe -jreLoc path-to-jdk7\jre
A-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Configuring Oracle Components to Use Java Access Bridge
Oracle Universal Installer starts and JAWS is able to read all prompts and controls
on the screen.
9.
Once you click the Install button, you must open Windows Explorer to see the
directory where the database is installed (DRIVE_LETTER:\app\user
name\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1), until the JDK folder is created. Once the JDK
folder is created, depending upon the Windows operating system, copy the files
listed in Table A–1 or Table A–2 from the Java Access Bridge source location to the
JDK destination folder. Copying these files will enable accessibility for both Oracle
Database Configuration Assistant and Oracle Net Configuration Assistant.
Table A–1
Copy Files to JDK Directory on Windows 32-Bit
Copy
To
AB_HOME\JavaAccessBridge.dll
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\bin
AB_HOME\JAWTAccessBridge.dll
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\bin
AB_HOME\WindowsAccessBridge.dll
C:\Windows\System32
AB_HOME\accessibility.properties
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\lib
AB_HOME\access-bridge.jar
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\lib\ext
AB_HOME\jaccess.jar
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\lib\ext
Table A–2
Copy Files to JDK Directory on Windows 64-Bit
Copy
To
AB_HOME\JavaAccessBridge-64.dll
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\bin
AB_HOME\JAWTAccessBridge-64.dll
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\bin
AB_HOME\WindowsAccessBridge-64.dll
C:\Windows\System32
AB_HOME\accessibility.properties
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\lib
AB_HOME\access-bridge-64.jar
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\lib\ext
AB_HOME\jaccess.jar
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\lib\ext
A.2 Configuring Oracle Components to Use Java Access Bridge
To configure Oracle components to use Java Access Bridge after completing the
installation, set the system variable ORACLE_OEM_CLASSPATH to point to the installed
Java Access Bridge files:
1.
From the Start menu, select Settings, Control Panel, and then System to display
the Windows System control panel.
2.
Select the Advanced tab.
3.
Click the Environment Variables button.
4.
Click the New button under the System Variable list. The New System Variable
dialog box appears.
5.
In the Variable Name field, enter ORACLE_OEM_CLASSPATH.
6.
In the Variable Value field, enter the full path to the jaccess.jar and
access-bridge.jar.
Use a semicolon to separate the two paths. Do not use quotes or character spaces.
For example, if JRE 1.5 is installed in the default location, the setting is:
Installing Java Access Bridge
A-3
Configuring Oracle Components to Use Java Access Bridge
dbhome_1\jdk\jre\lib\ext\jaccess.jar;dbhome_1\jdk\jre\lib\ext\access-bridge.jar
7.
Click OK.
A-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
B
Optimal Flexible Architecture
B
This appendix describes the Optimal Flexible Architecture standard. This standard is a
set of configuration guidelines created to ensure well organized Oracle installations
that are easier to maintain. It includes information about the following topics:
■
Overview of the Optimal Flexible Architecture Standard
■
Changes to the Optimal Flexible Architecture for Oracle Database
■
Directory Tree Differences by Release
■
Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Naming Conventions
■
Optimal Flexible Architecture and Multiple Oracle Home Configurations
■
Comparison Between Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and UNIX
■
Optimal Flexible Architecture Structure File Mapping
B.1 Overview of the Optimal Flexible Architecture Standard
The Optimal Flexible Architecture standard helps you to organize database software
and configure databases to allow multiple databases, of different versions, owned by
different users to coexist. Optimal Flexible Architecture assists in identification of
ORACLE_BASE with its Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR) diagnostic data to
properly collect incidents.
All Oracle components on the installation media are compliant with Optimal Flexible
Architecture. Oracle Universal Installer places Oracle Database components in
directory locations, assigning the default permissions that follow Optimal Flexible
Architecture guidelines.
Oracle recommends that you use Optimal Flexible Architecture, specially if the
database grows in size, or if you plan to have multiple databases.
B.1.1 Advantages of Multiple Oracle Homes and OFA
When you install Oracle database, you are installing one of the largest applications
that your computer can support. Using multiple Oracle homes and Optimal Flexible
Architecture provides many advantages when administering large databases. The
following advantages are important:
■
■
Structured organization of directories and files, and consistent naming for
database files simplify database administration.
Distribution of I/O across multiple disks prevents performance bottlenecks caused
by multiple read or write commands issued simultaneously to a single drive.
Optimal Flexible Architecture
B-1
Changes to the Optimal Flexible Architecture for Oracle Database
■
■
■
■
Distribution of applications across multiple disks safeguards against database
failures.
Login home directories are not at risk when database administrators add, move, or
delete Oracle home directories.
Multiple databases, of different versions, owned by different users can coexist
concurrently.
Software upgrades can be tested in an Oracle home in a separate directory from
the Oracle home where your production database is located.
B.2 Changes to the Optimal Flexible Architecture for Oracle Database
For previous releases of Oracle Database, the Optimal Flexible Architecture
recommended Oracle home path was similar to the following:
c:\oracle\ora92
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), the Optimal Flexible Architecture
recommended Oracle home path changed. The Optimal Flexible Architecture
recommended Oracle home path is now similar to the following:
c:\app\username\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1
The ORACLE_BASE default does not contain version information but the default ORACLE_
HOME does.
B.3 Directory Tree Differences by Release
Optimal Flexible Architecture has necessitated changes to the Oracle Database
directory tree. This section lists the differences:
■
Top-Level Oracle Directory
■
Database File Names
■
Database File Name Extensions
B.3.1 Top-Level Oracle Directory
When you install Oracle Database Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant database,
all subdirectories are under a top-level Oracle base directory, DRIVE_
LETTER:\app\username, where DRIVE_LETTER is any hard drive.
The Oracle base directory contains \ORACLE_HOME directories, \oradata directories (for
database files), \diag (for diagnostic data), \flash_recovery_area (for recovery
operations), and \admin directories (for database administration files).
B.3.2 Database File Names
Database files do not have the SID in the database file name. For example, the first
control file is named control01.ctl. The SID in the file name is not necessary because
all the database files for a particular database are placed in \oradata under a directory
called DB_UNIQUE_NAME that is named for that database.
B.3.3 Database File Name Extensions
In an Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant release, database file names have the
following extensions:
B-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Naming Conventions
■
.ctl for control files
■
.log for log files
■
.dbf for data files
B.4 Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Naming Conventions
Optimal Flexible Architecture uses directory naming conventions that make it easy to
identify the precise Oracle home and database name that is associated with a set of
files. This section describes the naming conventions used for top-level directories of an
Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant database directory tree:
■
ORACLE_BASE Directory
■
ORACLE_HOME Directory
■
Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR) Directory
■
ADMIN Directory
■
ORADATA Directory
■
RECOVERY_AREA Directory
B.4.1 ORACLE_BASE Directory
ORACLE_BASE is the root of the Oracle directory tree. If you install an Optimal Flexible
Architecture-compliant database using Oracle Universal Installer default settings, then
ORACLE_BASE is DRIVE_LETTER:\app\username.
If you are installing Oracle Database for Microsoft Windows on a computer with no
other Oracle software installed, then you can change the ORACLE_BASE directory before
running Oracle Universal Installer. Most users do not need or want to do this.
Do not change the value of ORACLE_BASE after you run Oracle Universal Installer for
the first time. If there is an existing ORACLE_BASE and you change it, then there is a
conflict of Oracle base directories. If you create another ORACLE_BASE when the original
ORACLE_BASE exists, then certain tools and the database are not able to find previously
created files. They look for them in the new ORACLE_BASE instead of the original
ORACLE_BASE.
See Also: Your operating system documentation for instructions
about editing environment variables
B.4.2 ORACLE_HOME Directory
The ORACLE_HOME directory is located under DRIVE_LETTER:\ORACLE_BASE, where
DRIVE_LETTER:\is any hard drive, and contains subdirectories for Oracle software
executables and network files.
If you install Oracle Database for Windows on a computer with no other Oracle
software installed and you use default settings, then the first directory that you create
is called \dbhome_1.
B.4.3 Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR) Directory
Oracle Database 11g onwards, Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR) directories
replace the bdump, cdump, and udump directories for the database. The ADR diagnostic
data goes into the ORACLE_BASE\diag\rdbms\DB_UNIQUE_NAME\instance_name by
default.
Optimal Flexible Architecture
B-3
Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Naming Conventions
Some of these subdirectories are:
\alert
\hm
\incident
\incpkg
\ir
\lck
\metadata
\stage
\sweep
\trace
The ADR home has the trace, alert, and incident sub-directories. Table B–1 describes
the ADR directories.
Table B–1
Locations for Diagnostic Traces
Diagnostic Data
10g Location
11g Location
Foreground Process traces
user_dump_dest
ADR_HOME/trace/
Background Process traces
background_dump_dest
ADR_HOME/trace/
Alert Log Data
background_dump_dest
ADR_HOME/alert/
Core Dump
core_dump_dest
ADR_HOME/incident/In/
Incident Dumps
user_dump_dest or
background_dump_dest
depending on the process
ADR_HOME/incident/In/
B.4.4 ADMIN Directory
Database administration files are stored in subdirectories of ORACLE_BASE\admin\DB_
UNIQUE_NAME.
B.4.5 ORADATA Directory
Database files are stored in ORACLE_BASE\oradata\DB_UNIQUE_NAME. Names and brief
descriptions of these files are:
CONTROL01.CTL
CONTROL02.CTL
CONTROL03.CTL
EXAMPLE01.DBF
SYSAUX01.DBF
SYSTEM01.DBF
TEMP01.DBF
USERS01.DBF
*.dbf
REDO01.LOG
REDO02.LOG
REDO03.LOG
--control file 1
--control file 2
--control file 3
--EXAMPLE tablespace data files
--SYSAUX tablespace data files
--SYSTEM tablespace data file
--TEMP tablespace data file
--USERS tablespace data file
--data files corresponding to each tablespace in your database
--redo log file group one, member one
--redo log file group two, member one
--redo log file group three, member one
This directory structure allows for disk striping on UNIX and
Windows platforms. See "Support for Symbolic Links on Windows"
on page B-7.
Note:
B-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Optimal Flexible Architecture and Multiple Oracle Home Configurations
B.4.6 RECOVERY_AREA Directory
The recovery_area directory stores and manages files related to backup and recovery.
It contains a subdirectory for each database on the system. A fast recovery area is an
optional disk location that you can use to store recovery-related files such as control
files and online redo log copies, archived logs, flashback logs, and Oracle Database
Recovery Manager (RMAN) backups. Oracle and RMAN manage the files in the fast
recovery area automatically.
See Also: Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide to learn
how to create and use a fast recovery area
B.5 Optimal Flexible Architecture and Multiple Oracle Home
Configurations
The following sections describe various Optimal Flexible Architecture and multiple
Oracle homes configurations.
B.5.1 Specifying an ORACLE_HOME Directory
To install an Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant database, you must specify an
Oracle home directory in the form of:
DRIVE_LETTER:\app\username\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1
where:
■
DRIVE_LETTER:\ is any hard drive. For example, c:\
■
\app\username is the ORACLE_BASE before performing the installation.
■
dbhome_1 is the default directory name.
The following are examples of Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant Oracle home
directories:
■
c:\app\test1\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1
■
d:\app\test2\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1
B.5.2 Installing a Default Optimal Flexible Architecture Database: Example 1
This example shows how to create all Oracle homes within one Oracle base directory.
1.
Install any Oracle Database that supports Optimal Flexible Architecture (Oracle
Database Release 8.1.6 or later) on a computer with no other Oracle software
installed and ensure that you accept the default settings for the Oracle home (for
example, c:\app\username\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1).
2.
Install any Oracle Database in a second Oracle home accepting the default settings.
Table B–2 shows the default Optimal Flexible Architecture database settings.
Table B–2
Default Optimal Flexible Architecture Database Settings
Setting
Value
ORACLE_BASE
c:\app\username (same for all Oracle homes)
Oracle home 1
c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\dbhome_1
Oracle home 2
c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\dbhome_2
Optimal Flexible Architecture
B-5
Optimal Flexible Architecture and Multiple Oracle Home Configurations
B.5.3 Installing a Nondefault Optimal Flexible Architecture Database: Example 2
In this example, you install each Oracle home into its own directory, but they all share
the same Oracle base.
1.
Install any Oracle Database that supports Optimal Flexible Architecture (Oracle
Database 8.1.6 or later) on a computer with no other Oracle software installed and
change the default Oracle Universal Installer settings for the first Oracle home (for
example, from c:\oracle\ora81 to X:\xyz\oracle\abc).
2.
Install any Oracle Database and change the default Oracle Universal Installer
settings for the second Oracle home (for example, from c:\oracle\ora10 to
X:\pqr).
Table B–3 shows the nondefault Optimal Flexible Architecture database settings for
this example.
Table B–3
Nondefault Optimal Flexible Architecture Database Settings: Example 2
Setting
Value
ORACLE_BASE
X:\xyz\oracle
(same for both Oracle homes)
Oracle home 1
X:\xyz\oracle\abc
Oracle home 2
X:\pqr
The resulting directory tree would look similar to this:
X:\pqr
\bin
\network
X:\xyz
\oracle
\abc
\bin
\network
\admin
\DB_UNIQUE_NAME1
\dpdump
\
\DB_UNIQUE_NAME2
\...
\oradata
\DB_UNIQUE_NAME1
CONTROL01.CTL
CONTROL02.CTL
CONTROL03.CTL
EXAMPLE01.DBF
SYSAUX01.DBF
SYSTEM01.DBF
TEMP01.DBF
USERS01.DBF
REDO01.LOG
REDO02.LOG
REDO03.LOG
\DB_UNIQUE_NAME2
B-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
--Oracle home 2
--ORACLE_BASE for both Oracle homes
--Oracle home 1
Comparison Between Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and UNIX
B.6 Comparison Between Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and
UNIX
You implement Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and UNIX in the same
way. However, differences exist regarding the following:
■
Directory Naming
■
ORACLE_BASE Directory
■
Support for Symbolic Links on Windows
See Also: Your UNIX operating system-specific administrator's
reference for information about Optimal Flexible Architecture on
UNIX
B.6.1 Directory Naming
Top-level names of the Optimal Flexible Architecture directory tree differ between
Windows and UNIX. However, main subdirectory names and file names are the same
on both operating systems.
B.6.2 ORACLE_BASE Directory
On Windows, Oracle base is associated with an Oracle home directory. ORACLE_BASE is
defined in the registry (for example, in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ORACLE\KEY_
HOME_NAME).
On UNIX, ORACLE_BASE is associated with a UNIX user’s environment.
B.6.3 Support for Symbolic Links on Windows
The goal of Optimal Flexible Architecture is to place all Oracle software under one
ORACLE_BASE directory and to spread files across different physical drives as your
databases increase in size.
On UNIX, although everything seems to be in one directory on the same hard drive,
files can be on different hard drives if they are symbolically linked or have that
directory as a mount point.
On Windows, you can use volume mount points to mount files on different hard
drives to a single directory. You may have oradata directories on multiple drives, with
data files in each one, on Windows version which does not support volume mount
points.
Oracle recommends that you use one logical drive to store your database
administration files and that you place other files, as needed, on other logical drives in
an oradata\DB_UNIQUE_NAME directory.
In the following example, there are four logical drives for a database named prod:
■
■
■
■
c:\ contains an Oracle home and database administration files.
f:\ contains redo log files. The F:\ drive could also represent two physical drives
that have been striped to increase performance.
g:\ contains one of the control files and all tablespace files. The G:\ drive could
also use a RAID Level-5 configuration to increase reliability.
h:\ contains the second control file.
The directory structure would look similar to this:
Optimal Flexible Architecture
B-7
Optimal Flexible Architecture Structure File Mapping
c:\app\username\product\11.2.0
--First logical drive
\dbhome_1
--Oracle home
\bin
--Subtree for Oracle binaries
\network
--Subtree for Oracle Net
\...
\admin
--Subtree for database administration files
\prod
--Subtree for prod database administration files
\adump
--Audit files
\dpdump
--Default directory for data pump operations.
\pfile
--Initialization parameter file
f:\app\username\product\11.2.0
--Second logical drive (two physical drives,
striped)
\oradata
--Subtree for Oracle Database files
\prod
--Subtree for prod database files
redo01.log
--Redo log file group one, member one
redo02.log
--Redo log file group two, member one
redo03.log
--Redo log file group three, member one
g:\app\username\product\11.1.0
--Third logical drive (RAID level 5
configuration)
\oradata
--Subtree for Oracle Database files
\prod
--Subtree for prod database files
CONTROL01.CTL
--Control file 1
EXAMPLE01.DBF
--EXAMPLE tablespace data files
SYSAUX01.DBF
--SYSAUX tablespace data files
SYSTEM01.DBF
--System tablespace data file
TEMP01.DBF
--Temporary tablespace data file
USERS01.DBF
--Users tablespace data file
h:\app\username\product\11.2.0
--Fourth logical drive
\oradata
--Subtree for Oracle Database files
\prod
--Subtree for prod database files
CONTROL02.CTL
--Control file 2
B.7 Optimal Flexible Architecture Structure File Mapping
Table B–4 shows a hierarchical file mapping for log files of a sample Optimal Flexible
Architecture-compliant installation in the orcl database.
Table B–4
Hierarchical File Mapping for Log Files in an Optimal Flexible Architecture Installation
Directory
Description
C:\app\username\admin\orcl\TAR
Subtree for support log files
C:\app\username\admin\orcl\arch
Archived log files
C:\app\username\admin\orcl\create\
Contains the database creation log files
C:\app\username\oradata\orcl\*.log
Redo log files
C:\app\username\admin\orcl\dpdump\
Contains the data pump file dp.log
B-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Optimal Flexible Architecture Structure File Mapping
Table B–4 (Cont.) Hierarchical File Mapping for Log Files in an Optimal Flexible Architecture Installation
Directory
Description
C:\app\username\diag
Contains all database, listener, sqlnet and other
diagnostic logs
C:\app\username\audit
Contains all audit logs
C:\app\username\cfgtoollogs
Contains logs for configuration assistants such as
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant,
Database Upgrade Assistant, and Oracle Net
Configuration Assistant
Optimal Flexible Architecture
B-9
Optimal Flexible Architecture Structure File Mapping
B-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
C
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database
Using Response Files
C
This appendix describes how to use response files to perform silent or response file
installations, configure network connections, and configure or start an Oracle
database. It covers the following topics:
■
How Response Files Work
■
Preparing a Response File
■
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using the Response File
■
Running Net Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
■
Running Oracle Database Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
■
Postinstallation Configuration Using a Response File
C.1 How Response Files Work
You can automate the installation and configuration of Oracle software, either fully or
partially, by specifying a response file when you start Oracle Universal Installer.
Oracle Universal Installer uses the values in the response file to provide answers to
some or all of the Oracle Universal Installer prompts. It includes information about the
following topics:
■
Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Response File Mode
■
General Procedure for Using Response Files
Typically, Oracle Universal Installer runs in interactive mode, which means that it
prompts you to provide information in graphical user interface (GUI) screens. When
you use response files to provide this information, you run Oracle Universal Installer
at a command prompt using either of the following modes:
■
■
Silent mode: Oracle Universal Installer does not display any screens. Instead it
displays progress information in the command window where you started it. To
use silent mode, you run setup.exe with the -silent parameter and include a
response file, which contains responses to the Oracle Universal Installer prompts.
Response File mode: During a response file mode installation, Oracle Universal
Installer displays all the screens, screens for which you specify information in the
response file and also screens for which you did not specify the required
information in the response file. The advantage is that you can validate the values
in the screens for which you have provided the information in the response file
and continue with the installation. To use response file mode, run setup.exe
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
C-1
How Response Files Work
without the -silent parameter, but include the response file or any other
parameters that apply.
You define the settings for a silent or response file installation by entering values for
the variables listed in the response file. For instance, to specify the Oracle home, you
would supply the appropriate value for the ORACLE_HOME variable, as in the following
example:
ORACLE_HOME="C:\app\product"
Another way of specifying the response file variable settings is to pass them as
command-line arguments when you run Oracle Universal Installer. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\setup.exe_location> setup -silent "ORACLE_HOME=C:\app\product" ...
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and
UNIX for more information about response file formats
My Oracle Support website for more information about response
files:
https://support.oracle.com/
C.1.1 Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Response File Mode
Table C–1describes several reasons why you might want to run Oracle Universal
Installer in silent mode or response file mode.
Table C–1
Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Response File Mode
Mode
Uses
Silent
Use silent mode to:
■
■
Complete an unattended installation
Complete several similar installations on multiple systems without
user interaction
Oracle Universal Installer displays progress information in the window
that you used to start it, but it does not display the Oracle Universal
Installer screens.
Response File
Use response file mode to complete similar Oracle software installations on
multiple systems, providing default answers to some, but not all, of Oracle
Universal Installer prompts.
In response file mode, all the installer screens are displayed, but defaults
for the fields in these screens are provided by the response file. You have to
provide information for the fields in screens where you have not provided
values in the response file.
C.1.2 General Procedure for Using Response Files
You follow these general steps to install Oracle Database using response files:
1.
If you plan to use Oracle Automatic Storage Management and configure new
disks, then you must perform the following steps:
a.
Create partitions for DAS or SAN disks.
b.
Manually configure the disks using the asmtoolg or asmtool utility.
C-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Preparing a Response File
See Also:
■
■
2.
"Step 2: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions for an Oracle
Automatic Storage Management Instance" on page 3-9
"Step 3: Manually Configuring Disks for Oracle Automatic
Storage Management" on page 3-11
Customize or create a response file for the installation settings that you need.
You can create the response file by using one of the following methods:
■
■
Modify one of the sample response files that is provided with the installation.
Run Oracle Universal Installer at a command prompt and save the inputs by
selecting the Save Response File option.
"Preparing a Response File" on page C-3 explains how to customize or create the
response file.
3.
Run Oracle Universal Installer from a command prompt, specifying the response
file, using either silent or response file mode.
Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and later versions
require Administrator privileges at the command prompt.
Note:
"Running Oracle Universal Installer Using the Response File" on page C-5 explains
how to run Oracle Universal Installer with a response file.
C.2 Preparing a Response File
This section describes the methods that you can use to prepare a response file for use
during silent-mode or response file-mode installations:
■
Editing a Response File Template
■
Saving a Response File
C.2.1 Editing a Response File Template
This method is most useful for the Enterprise Edition or Standard Edition installation
types.
Oracle provides response file templates for each product and installation type, and for
each configuration tool. These files are located in the database\response directory on
the Oracle Database installation media.
If you copied the software to a hard disk, the response files are
located in the stage_area\database\response directory.
Note:
Table C–2 lists the available sample response files:
Table C–2
Response Files
Response File Name
This File Silently Runs The...
db_install.rsp
Oracle Database
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
C-3
Preparing a Response File
Table C–2 (Cont.) Response Files
Response File Name
This File Silently Runs The...
grid_install.rsp
Oracle Grid Infrastructure
dbca.rsp
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
netca.rsp
Oracle Net Configuration Assistant
Caution: When you modify a response file template and save a file
for use, the response file may contain plain text passwords.
Ownership of the response file should be given to the Oracle software
installation owner only. Oracle strongly recommends that database
administrators or other administrators delete or secure response files
when they are not in use.
To copy and modify a response file:
1.
Copy the appropriate response files from the database\response directory on the
Oracle Database media to your hard drive.
2.
Modify the response files with a text file editor.
See Also: Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for
Windows and UNIX for detailed information about creating response
files. In an installed Oracle Database, select Start, then All Programs,
then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then Oracle Installation Products, then
Universal Installer Concepts Guide. It appears in HTML format.
3.
Run the response file by following the instructions in the "Running Oracle
Universal Installer Using the Response File" section on page C-5.
C.2.2 Saving a Response File
You can use the Oracle Universal Installer in interactive mode to save a response file,
which you can edit and then use to complete silent mode or response file mode
installations.
Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2), you can save all the installation
steps into a response file during installation by clicking Save Response File on the
Summary page. You can use the generated response file for a silent installation later.
When you save the response file, you can either complete the installation, or you can
exit from Oracle Universal Installer on the Summary page, before it starts to copy the
software to the system.
Oracle Universal Installer does not save passwords in the
response file.
Note:
To save a response file:
1.
Ensure that the computer on which you are creating the response file has met the
requirements described in Chapter 2.
When you run Oracle Universal Installer to save a response file, it checks the
system to verify that it meets the requirements to install the software. For this
C-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using the Response File
reason, Oracle recommends that you complete all of the required preinstallation
tasks and save the response file while completing an installation.
2.
At the command prompt, use the cd command to change to the directory that
contains the Oracle Universal Installer setup.exe executable.
Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and later versions
require Administrator privileges at the command prompt.
Note:
On the installation DVD, setup.exe is located in the database directory.
Alternatively, navigate to the directory where you downloaded or copied the
installation files.
3.
Run setup.exe.
4.
After Oracle Universal Installer starts, enter the installation settings, to save the
response file.
5.
When the installer displays the Summary screen, perform the following:
a.
Click Save Response File and specify a file name and location for the response
file. Then, click Save to save the values to the file.
b.
Click Finish to continue with the installation.
Click Cancel if you do not want to continue with the installation. The
installation stops, but the saved response file is retained.
6.
Before you use the saved response file on another system, edit the file and make
any required changes.
Use the instructions in the file as a guide when editing it.
C.3 Running Oracle Universal Installer Using the Response File
At this stage, you are ready to run Oracle Universal Installer at the command line,
specifying the response file you created, to perform the installation. On Windows
Vista, Windows Server 2008, and later versions, you must open the command prompt
with Administrator privileges. The Oracle Universal Installer executable, setup.exe,
provides several options. For help information about the full set of these options, run
setup.exe with the -help option, for example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\setup.exe_location setup -help
A new command window appears, with the "Preparing to launch..." message. In a
moment, the help information appears in that window.
To run Oracle Universal Installer and specify a response file:
1.
Place the response file on the computer where you want to install Oracle Database.
2.
At a command prompt, run Oracle Universal Installer with the appropriate
response file. On Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and later versions, you
must open the command prompt with Administrator privileges.For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\setup.exe_location setup [-silent] "variable=setting"
[-nowelcome] [-noconfig] [-nowait] -responseFile
filename
where:
■
filename: Identifies the full path of the response file.
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
C-5
Running Net Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
■
■
■
■
■
setup.exe_location: Indicates the location of setup.exe.
-silent: Runs Oracle Universal Installer in silent mode and suppresses the
Welcome window.
"variable=setting" refers to a variable within the response file that you may
prefer to run at the command line rather than set in the response file. Enclose
the variable and its setting in quotes.
-noconfig: Suppresses running the configuration assistants during
installation, performing a software-only installation instead.
-nowait: Closes the console window when the silent installation completes.
If you save a response file during a silent installation, then Oracle Universal
Installer saves the variable values that were specified in the original source
response file into the new response file.
See Also:
■
■
"Installing Oracle Products" in Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch
User's Guide for Windows and UNIX for more information about
installing using response files
"Deinstalling Products" in Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch
User's Guide for Windows and UNIX for more information about
deinstalling using response files
C.4 Running Net Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
When you run Net Configuration Assistant with a response file, you run it in silent
mode. This lets you configure and start an Oracle Net listener on the system, configure
naming methods, and configure Oracle Net service names. To run NetCA in silent
mode, use the netca.rsp response file.
On Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and later versions, you must open the
command prompt with Administrator privileges.
To create a Net Configuration Assistant response file:
1.
Copy the netca.rsp response file template from the response file directory to a
directory on your system.
The netca.rsp is located in the database\response directory on the Oracle
Database installation media.
2.
Open the response file in a text editor.
3.
Edit the file, following the instructions in the file.
Net Configuration Assistant fails if you do not correctly configure the netca.rsp
response file.
To run Net Configuration Assistant using the response file you just created, run Net
Configuration Assistant in silent mode as follows, replacing local_dir with the
directory where you placed your version of the netca.rsp response file:
C:\ORACLE_HOME\bin> netca /silent /responsefile local_dir\netca.rsp
For example:
C:\ORACLE_HOME\bin> netca /silent /responsefile
C:\oracle_response_files\mynetca.rsp
C-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Running Oracle Database Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
C.5 Running Oracle Database Configuration Assistant Using a Response
File
You can run Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in silent or response file mode to
configure and start an Oracle database on your system. To run Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant in silent or response file mode, use the dbca.rsp response file.
If you copied the software to a hard disk, the response files are
located in the stage_area\database\response directory.
Note:
To run Database Configuration Assistant in response file mode, you must use the
-responseFile flag in combination with either the -silent or -progressOnly flag.
To run Database Configuration Assistant in response file mode, you must use a
graphical display and set the DISPLAY environment variable.
Note:
■
■
"Creating a Database with Noninteractive/Silent DBCA" in Oracle
Database Administrator's Guide
"Oracle ASM Configuration Assistant Command-Line Interface"
section in Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's
Guide for information about running Oracle ASMCA in
noninteractive mode
On Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and later versions, you must open the
command prompt with Administrator privileges.
This section contains the following topics:
■
Silent Mode of Database Configuration Assistant
■
Progress Only Mode of Database Configuration Assistant
■
Running Database Configuration Assistant in Response File Mode
C.5.1 Silent Mode of Database Configuration Assistant
Use the -silent flag in combination with the -responseFile flag to set the mode to
silent. In the silent mode, Database Configuration Assistant uses values that you
specify, in the response file or as command-line options, to create a database. No
window or user interface is displayed in the silent mode.
C.5.2 Progress Only Mode of Database Configuration Assistant
Use the -progressOnly flag in combination with the -responseFile flag, to set the
mode to progress only. As it configures and starts the database, Database
Configuration Assistant displays a window that contains status messages and a
progress bar. This window is similar to the window that is displayed when you choose
to create a preconfigured database during an Enterprise Edition or Standard Edition
installation.
In this mode, Database Configuration Assistant uses values that you specify, in the
response file or as command line options, to create a database.
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
C-7
Postinstallation Configuration Using a Response File
C.5.3 Running Database Configuration Assistant in Response File Mode
To create an Oracle Database Configuration Assistant response file:
1.
Copy the dbca.rsp response file template from the response file directory to a
directory on your system.
The dbca.rsp response file is located in the database\response directory on the
Oracle Database installation media.
2.
Open the dbca.rsp response file in a text editor.
3.
Edit the dbca.rsp file, following the instructions in the file.
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant fails if you do not correctly configure the
dbca.rsp response file.
To run Oracle Database Configuration Assistant using the response file you just
created, run Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in silent or response file mode
using the following syntax:
C:\ORACLE_HOME\bin> dbca {-progressOnly | -silent} -responseFile local_
dir/dbca.rsp
where:
■
■
■
-silent runs Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in silent mode
-progressOnly runs Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in response file
mode
local_dir is the full path of the directory where you copied the dbca.rsp
response file template.
For example:
C:\> ORACLE_HOME\bin> dbca -progressOnly -responseFile
C:\oracle_response_files\mydbca.rsp
As an alternative to creating a database using a response file, you can run dbca at the
command line by specifying all the required information as command line options.
Database Configuration Assistant writes progress messages to stdout. For information
about the list of options supported, enter the following command:
C:\ORACLE_HOME\bin\dbca -help
C.6 Postinstallation Configuration Using a Response File
Use the following sections to create and run a response file configuration after
installing Oracle software.
C.6.1 About the Postinstallation Configuration File
When you run a silent or response file installation, you provide information about
your servers in a response file that you otherwise provide manually during a graphical
user interface installation. However, the response file does not contain passwords for
user accounts that configuration assistants require after software installation is
complete. The configuration assistants are started with a script called
configToolAllCommands. You can run this script in response file mode by using a
password response file. The script uses the passwords to run the configuration tools in
succession to complete configuration.
C-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Configuration Using a Response File
If you keep the password file to use for clone installations, then Oracle strongly
recommends that you store it in a secure location. In addition, if you must stop an
installation to fix an error, you can run the configuration assistants using
configToolAllCommands and a password response file.
The configToolAllCommands password response file consists of the following syntax
options:
■
internal_component_name is the name of the component that the configuration
assistant configures
■
variable_name is the name of the configuration file variable
■
value is the desired value to use for configuration.
The command syntax is as follows:
internal_component_name|variable_name=value
For example:
oracle.assistants.asm|S_ASMPASSWORD=welcome
Oracle strongly recommends that you maintain security with a password response file:
■
■
Permissions on the response file should be set to 600.
The owner of the response file should be the installation owner user, with the
group set to the central inventory (oraInventory) group.
C.6.2 Running Postinstallation Configuration Using a Response File
To run configuration assistants with the configToolAllCommands script:
1.
Create a response file using the syntax filename.properties. For example:
C:\> copy nul cfgrsp.properties
2.
Open the file with a text editor, and cut and paste the password template,
modifying as needed.
Example C–1 Password response file for Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone
server
Oracle Grid Infrastructure requires passwords for Oracle Automatic Storage
Management Configuration Assistant (ASMCA), and for Intelligent Platform
Management Interface Configuration Assistant (IPMICA) if you have a BMC card and
you want to enable this feature. Provide the following response file,
oracle.assistants.asm|S_ASMPASSWORD=password
oracle.assistants.asm|S_ASMMONITORPASSWORD=password
Example C–2 Password response file for Oracle Database
Oracle Database configuration requires the SYS, SYSTEM, SYSMAN, and DBSNMP
passwords for use with Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA). The S_
ASMSNMPPASSWORD password is necessary only if the database is using Oracle ASM for
storage. Also, if you selected to configure Oracle Enterprise Manager, then you must
provide the password for the Oracle software installation owner for the S_
HOSTUSERPASSWORD password.
oracle.assistants.server|S_SYSPASSWORD=password
oracle.assistants.server|S_SYSTEMPASSWORD=password
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
C-9
Postinstallation Configuration Using a Response File
oracle.assistants.server|S_SYSMANPASSWORD=password
oracle.assistants.server|S_DBSNMPPASSWORD=password
oracle.assistants.server|S_HOSTUSERPASSWORD=password
oracle.assistants.server|S_ASMSNMPPASSWORD=password
If you do not want to enable Oracle Enterprise Manager or Oracle ASM, then leave
those password fields blank
3.
Secure the cfgrsp.properties file by changing permissions in Properties page.
Right-click the file to open the Properties page. Select the Security tab, click the
Edit button, select a group or user, then select Deny check box against Read
permissions to remove read access for unwanted users.
4.
Change directory to ORACLE_HOME\cfgtoollogs
5.
Before running configToolAllCommands, rename it using the following command:
copy configToolAllCommands configToolAllCommands.bat
6.
Run the configuration script using the following syntax:
configToolAllCommands.bat RESPONSE_FILE=\path\name.properties
for example:
C:\> configToolAllCommands.bat RESPONSE_FILE=C:\oracle\cfgrsp.properties
C-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
D
D
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization
Support
This appendix describes the following Globalization Support topics:
■
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
■
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
See Also: Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for an overview
of globalization support for Oracle Database
D.1 Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
This section describes the following procedures:
■
Configuring Oracle Components to Run in Different Languages
■
Installing Translation Resources
D.1.1 Configuring Oracle Components to Run in Different Languages
You can specify the language and the territory, or locale, in which you want to use
Oracle components. The locale setting of a component determines the language of the
user interface of the component and the globalization behavior, such as date and
number formatting. Depending on the Oracle component, the locale of the component
is either inherited from the operating system session that started the component, or is
defined by the NLS_LANG environment variable.
The operating system locale usually influences Oracle components that are based on
Java technology. The NLS_LANG environment variable usually influences Oracle
components that use Oracle Client libraries such as OCI.
The user interface of an Oracle component is displayed in a
selected language only if the appropriate translation is available and
has been installed. Otherwise, the user interface is displayed in
English.
Note:
This section describes the following procedures:
■
■
■
Determining the Operating System Locale
Configuring Locale and Character Sets Using the NLS_LANG Environment
Variable
NLS_LANG Settings in Console Mode and Batch Mode
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
D-1
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
D.1.1.1 Determining the Operating System Locale
The locale setting of your operating system session determines the language of the
user interface and the globalization behavior for components such as Oracle Universal
Installer, Oracle Net Configuration Assistant, and Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant. It also determines the globalization behavior of Oracle Database sessions
created by a user application through Oracle JDBC driver, unless overridden by the
application.
To set locale for the current operating system user on Windows XP, Windows 2003,
and Windows Server 2003 R2, select the desired locale from the pop-up list in
Standards and formats area on the Regional Options tab. On Windows Vista,
Windows Server 2008, and later versions, select the desired locale from the Current
format pop-up list on the Formats tab.
Some of the locales may be unavailable until you install required operating system
support files. On Windows XP, Windows 2003, and Windows Server 2003 R2, make
sure the relevant check boxes are checked in Supplemental language support area on
Languages tab.
Some Oracle components, such as SQL*Plus, require that the Windows System Locale
is also set to the language in which the components are to be run. System Locale is
called Language for non-Unicode programs on Windows XP, Windows 2003, and
Windows 2003 R2. On Windows XP and Windows 2003, select the locale from the
pop-up list in the Language for non-Unicode programs area on the Advanced tab. On
Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and later versions, click the Change system
locale... button on the Administrative tab, accept the use of administrative privileges,
if User Account Control is active, and select the locale from the pop-up list in the
opened dialog box.
Note: The operating system must be restarted after the System
Locale is changed. See the operating system documentation for further
information about Windows locale settings.
D.1.1.2 Configuring Locale and Character Sets Using the NLS_LANG Environment
Variable
The NLS_LANG environment variable determines the language of the user interface and
the globalization behavior for components such as SQL*Plus, exp, and imp. It sets the
language and territory used by the client application and the database user session. It
also declares the character set for entering and displaying data by the client
application.
The NLS_LANG environment variable uses the following format:
NLS_LANG=language_territory.characterset
In this format:
■
■
■
language specifies the language used for displaying Oracle messages, sorting, day
names, and month names
territory specifies the conventions for default date, monetary and numeric
formats
characterset specifies the encoding used by the client application
In most cases, this is the Oracle character set that corresponds to the Windows
ANSI Code Page as determined by the System Locale.
D-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
The NLS_LANG parameter on Windows can be set
■
in Registry under the subkey corresponding to a given Oracle home,
■
as an environment variable.
When you install Oracle Database components and the NLS_LANG parameter is not yet
set in the Registry subkey of the target Oracle home, Oracle Universal Installer sets the
NLS_LANG parameter to a default value derived from the operating system locale for
the current user. See the following table.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for more
information about the subkey locations for multiple Oracle homes
Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for information about
the NLS_LANG parameter and Globalization Support initialization
parameters
For example:
■
Arabic (U.A.E.) - ARABIC_UNITED ARAB EMIRATES.AR8MSWIN1256
■
Chinese (PRC) - SIMPLIFIED CHINESE_CHINA.ZHS16GBK
■
Chinese (Taiwan) - TRADITIONAL CHINESE_TAIWAN.ZHT16MSWIN950
■
English (United Kingdom) - ENGLISH_UNITED KINGDOM.WE8MSWIN1252
■
English (United States) - AMERICAN_AMERICA.WE8MSWIN1252
■
French (Canada) - CANADIAN FRENCH_CANADA.WE8MSWIN1252
■
French (France) - FRENCH_FRANCE.WE8MSWIN1252
■
German (Germany) - GERMAN_GERMANY.WE8MSWIN1252
■
Hebrew - HEBREW_ISRAEL.IW8MSWIN1255
■
Japanese - JAPANESE_JAPAN.JA16SJISTILDE
■
Russian - RUSSIAN_RUSSIA.CL8MSWIN1251
■
Spanish (Spain) - SPANISH_SPAIN.WE8MSWIN1252
■
Spanish (Mexico) - MEXICAN SPANISH_MEXICO.WE8MSWIN1252
■
Spanish (Venezuela) - LATIN AMERICAN SPANISH_VENEZUELA.WE8MSWIN1252
D.1.1.3 NLS_LANG Settings in Console Mode and Batch Mode
Before you can use Oracle utilities such as SQL*Plus, SQL Loader, Import, and Export
from the Command Prompt window, you may have to set the character set field of the
NLS_LANG parameter to a value different than the one set in Registry.
This is required because programs running in console mode use, with a few
exceptions, a different code page (character set) from programs running in GUI mode.
The default Oracle home NLS_LANG parameter in the Registry is always set to the
appropriate GUI code page. If you do not set the NLS_LANG parameter for the console
mode session correctly, incorrect character conversion can corrupt error messages and
data.
For Japanese, Korean, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Thai, and Vietnamese,
the console (OEM) code page is identical to the GUI (ANSI) code page. In this case,
you are not required to set the NLS_LANG parameter. For other languages, set the
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
D-3
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
correct character set value of NLS_LANG by issuing a SET NLS_LANG command in the
same Command Prompt window in which you want to start the affected utility.
Similarly, in batch mode, set the correct character set value of NLS_LANG by inserting a
SET NLS_LANG command at the start of the batch procedure, according to the character
set of the files to be processed in the procedure.
To find the current console code page, issue the CHCP command in the Command
Prompt window. Use the reported code page number to look up the corresponding
Oracle character set name in Table D–1.
Table D–1 lists the Oracle character sets that correspond to the console mode code
pages.
Table D–1
Oracle Character Sets for Console Mode (OEM) Code Pages
OEM Code Page
Oracle Character Set for Console Mode
437 (US)
US8PC437
737 (Greek)
EL8PC737
775 (Baltic)
BLT8PC775
850 (Multilingual Latin I)
WE8PC850
852 (Latin II)
EE8PC852
855 (Cyrillic)
RU8PC855
857 (Turkish)
TR8PC857
858 (Multilingual Latin I +
Euro)
WE8PC858
866 (Russian)
RU8PC866
874 (Thai)
TH8TISASCII
932 (Japanese Shift-JIS)
JA16SJISTILDE
936 (Simplified Chinese
GBK)
ZHS16GBK
949 (Korean)
KO16MSWIN949
950 (Traditional Chinese
Big5)
ZHT16MSWIN950
1258 (Vietnam)
VN8MSWIN1258
D.1.2 Installing Translation Resources
To view the user interface of Oracle components in different languages, you must
install the appropriate language translations along with the component.
Note: Part of Oracle Database Vault user interface text is stored in
database tables in the DVSYS schema. By default, only the English
language is loaded into these tables. You can use Oracle Database
Vault Configuration Assistant to add more languages to Oracle
Database Vault. For the necessary steps, see Appendix C in Oracle
Database Vault Administrator's Guide
To install translation resources:
1.
Start Oracle Universal Installer.
D-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
2.
In the Configure Security Updates screen enter the relevant information and click
Next.
3.
In the Download Software Updates and Apply Software Updates screens, enter
the relevant information and click Next.
4.
In the Select Installation Option screen, select the installation option and click
Next.
5.
In the System Class screen, select the type of system class for installing the
database, and click Next.
6.
In the Grid Installation Options screen, select the type of database installation you
want to perform, and click Next.
7.
In the Select Product Languages screen, select the language in which you want to
run the product from the Available Languages field.
The Available Languages field lists all languages supported by
Oracle globalization libraries. The set of languages for which a
translation is actually available is usually smaller and depends on a
particular component. The scope of translation for a given component
may differ between languages. For example, some translations may
include all user interface text, while others may include only error
messages and no help files.
Note:
8.
Use the > arrow to move the selected language to the Selected Languages field,
and then click Next.
Oracle Universal Installer ignores languages in the Selected
Languages field for which no translation is available.
Note:
D.2 Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
The operating system locale determines the language in which Oracle Universal
Installer runs. Oracle Universal Installer may run in one of the following languages:
■
Brazilian Portuguese
■
English
■
French
■
German
■
Italian
■
Japanese
■
Korean
■
Simplified Chinese
■
Spanish
■
Traditional Chinese
To run Oracle Universal Installer in a desired language
1.
Change the locale for the operating system user and the System Locale as
described in the "Determining the Operating System Locale" section.
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
D-5
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
2.
Run Oracle Universal Installer by following the instructions in the "Installing the
Oracle Database Software" section.
If the selected language is not one of the listed earlier, Oracle Universal Installer runs
in English.
D-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
E
Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers
E
This appendix lists the default port numbers and describes how to change the
assigned port after installation:
■
About Managing Ports
■
Viewing Port Numbers and Access URLs
■
Port Numbers and Protocols of Oracle Components
■
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Management Agent Port
■
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports
■
Changing the Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server Port
E.1 About Managing Ports
During installation, Oracle Universal Installer assigns port numbers to components
from a set of default port numbers. Many Oracle Database components and services
use ports. As an administrator, it is important to know the port numbers used by these
services, and to ensure that the same port number is not used by two services on your
host.
Most port numbers are assigned during installation. Every component and service has
an allotted port range, which is the set of port numbers Oracle Database attempts to
use when assigning a port. Oracle Database starts with the lowest number in the range
and performs the following checks:
■
Is the port used by another Oracle Database installation on the host?
The installation may be up or down at the time; Oracle Database can still detect if
the port is used.
■
Is the port used by a process that is currently running?
This could be any process on the host, even a non-Oracle Database process.
If the answer to any of the preceding questions is yes, Oracle Database moves to the
next highest port in the allotted port range, and continues checking until it finds a free
port.
E.2 Viewing Port Numbers and Access URLs
In most cases, the port number of the Oracle Database component is listed in the tool
used to configure the port. In addition, ports for some Oracle Database applications
are listed in the portlist.ini file. This file is located in the ORACLE_HOME\install
directory.
Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers E-1
Port Numbers and Protocols of Oracle Components
If you change a port number, it is not updated in the portlist.ini file, so you can
only rely on this file immediately after installation. To find or change a port number,
use the methods described in this appendix.
E.3 Port Numbers and Protocols of Oracle Components
Table E–1 lists the port numbers and protocols used by components that are
configured during the installation. By default, the first port in the range is assigned to
the component, if it is available.
Table E–1
Ports Used in Oracle Components
Component and Description
Default Port Number
Port Range
Protocol
Oracle Net Listener
1521
1024-65535
TCP
1630
1630
TCP
1158
5500–5519
HTTP
5520
5520–5539
TCP
5540
5540–5559
TCP
3938
1830–1849
HTTP
0
Configured
Manually
HTTP
Allows Oracle client connections to the database by using
Oracle Net services. You can configure this port number
during installation. To reconfigure this port, use Net
Configuration Assistant.
Connection Manager
Listening port for Oracle client connections. It is not
configured during installation, but can be configured
using Net Configuration Assistant.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
HTTP port for Enterprise Manager Database Control. It is
configured during installation. "Changing the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports" on page E-3
explains how to modify its port number.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
RMI port for Enterprise Manager Database Control. It is
configured during installation."Changing the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports" on page E-3
explains how to modify its port number.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
JMS port for Enterprise Manager Database Control. It is
configured during installation. "Changing the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports" on page E-3
explains how to modify its port number.
Enterprise Manager Database Control Agent
HTTP port for Oracle Management Agent, which is part
of Oracle Enterprise Manager. It is configured during
installation. "Changing the Oracle Enterprise
Management Agent Port" on page E-3 explains how to
modify its port number
Oracle XML DB
The Oracle XML DB HTTP port is used if Web-based
applications need to access an Oracle database from an
HTTP listener. It is configured during installation, but
you cannot view it afterward.
See Also: "Using HTTP(S) on a Standard Port Instead of
an Oracle XML DB Default Port" in Oracle XML DB
Developer's Guide
E-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports
Table E–1
(Cont.) Ports Used in Oracle Components
Component and Description
Default Port Number
Port Range
Protocol
Oracle XML DB
0
Configured
Manually
FTP
42424
Dynamic
TCP
Dynamic
Dynamic
TCP
Dynamic
49152-65535
TCP
The Oracle XML DB FTP is used when applications need
to access an Oracle database from an FTP listener. It is
configured during installation, but you cannot view it
afterward.
See Also: "Using FTP on the Standard Port Instead of the
Oracle XML DB Default Port" in Oracle XML DB
Developer's Guide
Cluster Synchronization Service (CSS)
CSS service internode connection for Group Manager.
The port number is assigned automatically. You cannot
view or modify it afterward.
Oracle Cluster Registry
The port number is assigned automatically during
installation. You cannot view or modify it afterward.
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server
The port number for Microsoft Transaction Server is
configured when you enter its value in Oracle Universal
Installer the first time you install the software on a
particular server. If you install the software in multiple
Oracle homes on the same server, then Oracle Universal
Installer uses the same port number that you specified
during the first installation.
In most cases, you do not have to reconfigure the port
number. "Changing the Oracle Services for Microsoft
Transaction Server Port" on page E-3 explains how to
change its port number.
See Also: Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide for
Microsoft Windows x64 (64-Bit) for a list of clusterware ports used in
Oracle components
E.4 Changing the Oracle Enterprise Management Agent Port
To find the current setting for the Oracle Management Agent port, search for EMD_URL
in the ORACLE_HOME\host_sid\sysman\config\emd.properties file.
To change the Oracle Management Agent HTTP port, use the emca -reconfig ports
command:
emca -reconfig ports -AGENT_PORT 1831
E.5 Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports
To find the current HTTP, RMI, and JMS port settings, search in the following files:
■
■
HTTP port: Search for REPOSITORY_URL in the ORACLE_HOME\host_
sid\sysman\config\emd.properties file.
RMI port: Search for the port attribute in the rmi-server tag in the ORACLE_
HOME\oc4j\j2ee\OC4J_DBConsole_host_sid\config\rmi.xml file.
Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers E-3
Changing the Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server Port
■
JMS port: Search for the port attribute in the jms-server tag in the ORACLE_
HOME\oc4j\j2ee\OC4J_DBConsole_host_sid\config\jms.xml file.
To change the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control ports, use the emca
-reconfig ports command:
ORACLE_HOME\bin> emca -reconfig ports option setting
where option can be:
■
DBCONTROL_HTTP_PORT: Sets the HTTP port, for example:
emca -reconfig ports -DBCONTROL_HTTP_PORT 1820
■
RMI_PORT: Sets the RMI port, for example:
emca -reconfig ports -RMI_PORT 5520
■
JMS_PORT: Sets the JMS port, for example:
emca -reconfig ports -JMS_PORT 5521
You can enter multiple -reconfig port settings in one line, for example:
emca -reconfig ports -DBCONTROL_HTTP_PORT 1820 -AGENT_PORT 1821 -RMI_PORT 5520
E.6 Changing the Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server Port
In most cases, you are not required to reconfigure the port number. If you must, then
you can use the Registry Editor to edit its value in the HKEY_LOCAL_
MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ORACLE\OracleMTSRecoveryService\Protid_0 Registry Editor key
to any available port within the range 1024 to 65535.
During installation, Oracle Universal Installer takes the value for the port from the
key, if it exists. Otherwise, a free port ranging from 49152 to 65535 is chosen.
E-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
F
Troubleshooting the Oracle Database
Installation
F
This appendix contains the following information about troubleshooting:
■
Verifying Requirements
■
Encountering Installation Errors
■
Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session
■
Silent Mode Response File Error Handling
■
Troubleshooting Host Name Changes and CSS
■
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants
■
Troubleshooting Inventory Issues
■
Troubleshooting Screen Display Issues
■
Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation
See Also:
■
■
Chapter 7, "Removing Oracle Database Software"
Chapter 6, "Troubleshooting Oracle Configuration Manager" in
Oracle Configuration Manager Installation and Administration Guide
for information about some errors that may occur while using
Oracle Configuration Manager and tips to troubleshoot these
errors
F.1 Verifying Requirements
Before you try any of the troubleshooting steps in this appendix, do the following:
■
■
Check Chapter 2, "Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements" to ensure that
the system meets the requirements and that you have completed all of the
preinstallation tasks.
Read the release notes for the product on your platform before installing it. The
release notes are available on the Oracle Database installation media. You can find
the latest version of the release notes on the Oracle Technology Network Web site:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/index.html
F.2 Encountering Installation Errors
If you encounter an error during installation:
Troubleshooting the Oracle Database Installation F-1
Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session
■
■
■
■
■
Do not exit Oracle Universal Installer.
If you clicked Next after you entered incorrect information about one of the
installation windows, click Back to return to the window and correct the
information.
If you encounter an error while Oracle Universal Installer is copying or linking
files, see "Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session" on page F-2 for interactive
installations or "Silent Mode Response File Error Handling" on page F-2 for more
information.
If you encounter an error while a configuration assistant is running, see the
"Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants" section on page F-3.
If you cannot resolve the problem, remove the failed installation by following the
steps listed in the "Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation" section on page F-4.
F.3 Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session
During an installation, Oracle Universal Installer records all the actions that it
performs in a log file. If you encounter problems during the installation, review the log
file for information about possible causes of the problem. By default, the log files are
located in the following directory:
SYSTEM_DRIVE:\Program Files\Oracle\Inventory\logs
Log filenames from interactive installations take the form:
installActionsdate_time.log
oraInstalldate_time.err
oraInstalldate_time.out
For example, if an interactive installation occurred at 9:00:56 a.m. on October 14, 2005,
the log file would be named:
installActions2005-10-14_09-00-56AM.log
Note: Do not delete or manually alter the Inventory directory or its
contents. Doing so can prevent Oracle Universal Installer from
locating products that you install on your system.
See Also:
Silent Mode Response File Error Handling on page F-2
F.4 Silent Mode Response File Error Handling
To determine whether a silent-mode installation succeeds or fails, check the
silentInstallActionsdate_time.log file, located in DRIVE_LETTER:\Program
Files\Oracle\Inventory\logs.
If necessary, see the previous section for information about determining the location of
the Inventory directory.
A silent installation fails if:
■
You do not specify a response file.
■
You specify an incorrect or incomplete response file.
■
Oracle Universal Installer encounters an error, such as insufficient disk space.
F-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants
Oracle Universal Installer or a configuration assistant validates the response file at run
time. If the validation fails, the silent-mode installation or configuration process ends.
"Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session" on page F-2
for information about interactive installation log files
See Also:
F.5 Troubleshooting Host Name Changes and CSS
If you change the host name for Oracle Automatic Storage Management, then the
Oracle CSS service does not start. To solve this issue, perform the following steps:
1.
Log in as a user with Administrator privileges.
2.
Run roothas.pl to deconfigure CSS.
C:\> cd \app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid\crs\install
perl roothas.pl -deconfig -force
This removes any configuration related files on the system that referenced the old
host name.
3.
Run gridconfig.bat script to reconfigure CSS using the new host name:
C:\> cd \app\oracle\product\11.2.0\grid\crs\config
gridconfig.bat
4.
Go to the grid home's bin directory. Use the srvctl add database command with
the -c SINGLE flag to add the database in an Oracle Restart configuration. Also use
the srvctl add command to add the listener, the Oracle ASM instance, all Oracle
ASM disk groups, and any database services to the Oracle Restart configuration.
See Also:
"srvctl add" in Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
F.6 Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants
To troubleshoot an installation error that occurs when a configuration assistant is
running:
■
■
Review the installation log files listed in the "Reviewing the Log of an Installation
Session" section on page F-2.
Review the specific configuration assistant log file located in the ORACLE_
BASE\cfgtoollogs directory. Try to fix the issue that caused the error.
Note:
■
Ensure that there is no space in the path.
If you see the "Fatal Error. Reinstall message", look for the cause of the problem by
reviewing the log files. See "Irrecoverable Errors" on page F-4 for more
information.
F.6.1 Configuration Assistant Failures
Oracle configuration assistant failures are noted at the bottom of the installation
window. The configuration assistant interface displays additional information, if
available. The configuration assistant execution status is stored in the
installActionsdate_time.log file.
The execution status codes are listed in the following table:
Troubleshooting the Oracle Database Installation F-3
Troubleshooting Inventory Issues
Status
Result Code
Configuration assistant succeeded
0
Configuration assistant failed
1
Configuration assistant canceled
-1
F.6.2 Irrecoverable Errors
If you receive an irrecoverable error while a configuration assistant is running:
1.
Remove the failed installation as described in the "Cleaning Up After a Failed
Installation" section on page F-4.
2.
Correct the cause of the irrecoverable error.
3.
Reinstall the Oracle software.
F.7 Troubleshooting Inventory Issues
If you face any of the following situations for Oracle home, then run the opatch
lsinventory -detail command to list the contents of the inventory and see section
"Recovering from inventory corruption" in the Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch
User's Guide for Windows and UNIX for information about fixing the issue.
■
Oracle home is cloned without completing the inventory steps.
■
There is bad inventory.
■
Inventory is not available but it is created when the Oracle Enterprise Manager
Agent is installed in a separate Oracle home.
F.8 Troubleshooting Screen Display Issues
If you connect to Oracle database with the screen resolution 640 X 480 or 800 X 600,
then the Next button in the GUI is not visible as it hides behind the Taskbar. In order
to counter this problem, do one of the following:
■
Hide the Taskbar.
■
Move the Oracle Universal Installer screen up.
■
Set the screen resolution to 1024 X 768 or higher.
F.9 Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation
If an installation fails, you must remove files that Oracle Universal Installer created
during the attempted installation and remove the Oracle home directory.
Follow the instructions in "Removing Oracle Database Software" to run the
Deinstallation tool.
F-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
G
G
Frequently Asked Questions About
Installation
Use the following guidelines to decide how to install Oracle Database components:
■
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Database Client
■
Installing Oracle Database Tools
■
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications
■
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
G.1 Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Database Client
The following are frequently asked questions about installing Oracle database:
■
■
I only need one instance of Oracle Database or I just want to install a test database
to get familiar with the product. How do I install Oracle Database for these
situations?
How can I create an Oracle database that can handle transaction-heavy or data
warehousing applications?
■
What’s the best way to install multiple Oracle databases?
■
How do I configure client connections to an Oracle database?
■
■
■
■
What is the best way to install Oracle Database Client if my client nodes have
limited disk space?
How do I upgrade Oracle Database?
The computers at my site have been configured to run as a cluster. How should I
install Oracle Database?
How do I migrate my non-Oracle databases to Oracle Database?
I only need one instance of Oracle Database or I just want to install a test
database to get familiar with the product. How do I install Oracle Database for
these situations?
■
If you want a quick installation using the default installation settings, then see the
platform-specific Oracle Database Quick Installation Guide.
■
If your site has special requirements, then see this guide for more information.
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation G-1
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Database Client
How can I create an Oracle database that can handle transaction-heavy or data
warehousing applications?
If you want to create a starter database designed for transaction-heavy or data
warehousing applications, then see this guide for more details. Select the Advanced
Installation method, and then select the database type you want on the Select
Database Configuration screen.
See Also:
Oracle Database Data Warehousing Guide after installation
Alternatively, you can install Oracle OLAP during the Oracle Database installation.
Oracle OLAP provides optimal support for database environments that must meet
OLAP requirements. To do so, in the Select Database Edition screen, select Enterprise
Edition. Click the Select Options button, and from the Choose Components screen,
select Oracle OLAP.
See Also:
■
Oracle OLAP User's Guide
■
Oracle OLAP DML Reference
■
Oracle OLAP Java API Reference
What’s the best way to install multiple Oracle databases?
Use this guide to install Oracle Database using either of the following methods:
■
■
Installing with response files: This method lets you run Oracle Universal Installer
at a command line using a response file that contains settings specific to each
computer.
Cloning a database: Install Oracle Database on one computer using interactive
mode. You can also clone databases. The instructions for cloning databases are
described in Oracle Database Administrator's Guide.
How do I configure client connections to an Oracle database?
1. Install Oracle Database on a server by using this guide for more information.
2.
Use platform-specific Oracle Database Client Installation Guide to install Oracle
Database Client on each client node, and select the Instant Client installation type.
If you have many client nodes, consider staging the software centrally, mapping
the drive, and running Oracle Universal Installer in the silent or response file
mode.
If the client nodes only require a default installation into a new Oracle home
directory, consider using this guide for more information.
What is the best way to install Oracle Database Client if my client nodes have
limited disk space?
1. Install Oracle Database onto a server by using this guide for more details.
2.
Use platform-specific Oracle Database Client Installation Guide to install Oracle
Database Client on each client node, and select the Instant Client installation type.
If you have many client nodes, then consider running Oracle Universal Installer in
silent or response file mode.
How do I upgrade Oracle Database?
See Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
G-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database Tools
See Also: Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information
about using software cloning to upgrade Oracle Database
The computers at my site have been configured to run as a cluster. How should I
install Oracle Database?
Use any of the following installation scenarios:
■
■
■
If you want to run a single-instance Oracle Database in a clustered environment,
then install Oracle Grid Infrastructure either before or after you install Oracle
Database.
If you want a consolidated pool of storage for all databases in a cluster, then install
Oracle Grid Infrastructure, and use Oracle Automatic Storage Management
(Oracle ASM) to manage this storage. Afterward, install Oracle Database (which
can be either a single instance database or Real Application Clusters).
If you plan to use Oracle Real Application Clusters, first install Oracle Grid
Infrastructure, and then install Oracle Real Application Clusters.
Refer to platform-specific Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide and Oracle Real
Application Clusters Installation Guide for your platform to install Oracle Grid
Infrastructure and Oracle Real Application Clusters. Oracle Clusterware is installed in
an Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation. Refer to this guide for information about
how to install Oracle ASM and Oracle Database.
Oracle Clusterware is a key component required by Oracle Real Application Clusters
installations. Oracle Clusterware is an integrated cluster management solution that can
bind multiple servers to act as a single system. This is referred to as a cluster. It
performs workload management and component restart. For example, when an
instance supporting a particular service fails, Oracle Clusterware restarts the service
on the next available instance that you have configured for that service. Oracle
Clusterware can monitor non-Oracle programs, if they are defined within the Oracle
Clusterware environment using the High Availability API.
How do I migrate my non-Oracle databases to Oracle Database?
Use Oracle SQL Developer to migrate your non-Oracle databases and applications to
Oracle. Oracle SQL Developer software and documentation is available at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/developer-tools/sql-developer/overview/i
ndex.html
G.2 Installing Oracle Database Tools
The following are frequently asked questions about installing Oracle database tools:
■
How do I install Oracle WebLogic Server?
■
How can I administer and monitor my Oracle Database products?
■
How do I manage security for my Oracle Database products?
■
How do I use Oracle Database to manage my XML data?
■
■
■
Does Oracle Database provide OLAP tools so that I can analyze data such as
trends and time series in my database?
Does Oracle Database provide data mining tools that I can use to discover hidden
meaning in my data and predict likely outcomes based on my data?
How do I perform backup and recovery operations for Oracle Database?
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation G-3
Installing Oracle Database Tools
■
■
Is Oracle Workflow included with Oracle Database 11g?
Is there a migration plan for customers that have built solutions using Oracle
Workflow?
How do I install Oracle WebLogic Server?
Refer to Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server.
For more information about Oracle WebLogic Server refer to the product
documentation at
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/weblogic/documentation/index.html
How can I administer and monitor my Oracle Database products?
To perform regular administrative functions such as creating, configuring, or deleting
databases, or managing database templates, use one of the following methods:
To manage only the single database and listener that you are installing:
1.
Use this guide to install Oracle Database.
2.
From Oracle Database, use Database Configuration Assistant to manage your
databases.
You can also administer and monitor the database with Oracle Enterprise
Manager Grid Control, which is installed by default with Oracle Database. Oracle
Enterprise Manager Grid Control requires an agent which is not installed by
default.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control includes the Oracle Management Agent,
Oracle Management Service, and Oracle Management Repository, as well as Grid
Control, a browser-based central console through which administrators can
perform all monitoring, administration, and configuration tasks for the enterprise.
See Also: Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Basic Installation
Guide available on the Enterprise Manager Grid Control installation
media
Documentation available on the Oracle Technology Network website
at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
To perform advanced administration tasks, such as monitoring Oracle Database and
managing multiple hosts, application servers, and databases including the one that
you are installing, install Oracle Enterprise Manager as follows:
1.
Use this guide to install Oracle Database.
If you plan to use Oracle Real Application Clusters, then install Oracle Database
by using platform-specific Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide and Oracle
Real Application Clusters Installation Guide .
2.
Use Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Basic Installation Guide to install and
configure Oracle Enterprise Manager. For postconfiguration tasks, use Oracle
Enterprise Manager Grid Control Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide.
See the documentation available on Oracle Technology Network website at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
G-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database Tools
How do I manage security for my Oracle Database products?
Oracle provides a wide range of security solutions for your enterprise environment,
including centralized administration and security features integrated with Oracle
Internet Directory. The set of Oracle security services called Oracle Platform Security
integrates the security features built into Oracle Database, Oracle WebLogic Server,
and the Oracle Identity Management infrastructure. Combined, these features enable
the development and deployment of secure e-business applications.
Oracle Identity Management includes Oracle Internet Directory, a centralized
repository that simplifies administration of users and applications in the Oracle
environment with the following components:
■
■
Oracle Internet Directory client tools, including LDAP command-line tools, the
Oracle Internet Directory SDK, and Oracle Directory Manager.
Oracle Internet Directory server components, including the directory server, the
directory replication server, the directory integration server, and various tools for
starting and stopping them.
Oracle Database includes the Oracle Internet Directory client tools, but not the Oracle
Internet Directory server components. Oracle Database includes the Oracle Internet
Directory client tools, but not the Oracle Internet Directory server components. To
install the Oracle Internet Directory server components, see Oracle Fusion Middleware
Installation Guide for Oracle Identity and Access Management and the Oracle Identity
Management documentation at
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/id-mgmt/overview/index.html
See Also:
■
Oracle Application Server Installation Guide (to install Oracle
Identity Management)
■
Oracle Database Security Guide
■
Oracle Database Enterprise User Security Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Label Security Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Application Server Security Guide
■
Oracle Technology Network topics on database security:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/security/whatsne
w/index.html
How do I use Oracle Database to manage my XML data?
Use Oracle XML DB, which is installed as part of Oracle Database. Oracle XML DB
enables you to efficiently store, generate, retrieve, query, and manage XML data on
your site. Oracle XML DB provides all the advantages of a relational database, for
example, allowing you to control the referential integrity of XML data with constraints
and triggers. It works well with large amounts of XML data by storing it in a parsed,
relational form, which improves access performance.
Oracle XML DB supports XML Type, which is a native data type for XML data, for
which you can choose various storage options depending on your needs. In addition,
Oracle XML DB supports XML Schema processing, structured and unstructured
storage, a content repository that you can access by using common protocols (FTP,
HTTP(S), and WebDAV), and SQL/XML, which is a standard for SQL with XML. For
Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), Oracle XML DB introduced support for the
XQuery language for querying, transforming, and constructing XML; the ability for
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation G-5
Installing Oracle Database Tools
users to define their own metadata for schema-based XML; a set of new SQL functions
for DML operations on XML data; and more.
You can use Oracle XML DB with Oracle XML Developer’s Kit (XDK) to build
applications that run on either Oracle Database or Oracle WebLogic Server.
See Also:
■
Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide
■
Oracle XML Developer's Kit Programmer's Guide
Does Oracle Database provide OLAP tools so that I can analyze data such as
trends and time series in my database?
Yes, install Oracle OLAP, which is provided in the Oracle Database installation. Oracle
OLAP provides optimal support for database environments that must meet OLAP
requirements.
Use either of the following methods in Oracle Database Installation Guide to install
Oracle OLAP:
■
When you run Oracle Universal Installer, in the Select Database Edition screen,
select Enterprise Edition. Click the Select Options button, and from the Choose
Components screen, select Oracle OLAP.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle OLAP User's Guide
■
Oracle OLAP DML Reference
■
Oracle OLAP Java API Reference
Select the Enterprise Edition installation type, and then on the Select Database
Configuration screen, select the Data Warehouse configuration.
See Also:
Oracle Database Data Warehousing Guide after installation
Does Oracle Database provide data mining tools that I can use to discover
hidden meaning in my data and predict likely outcomes based on my data?
Yes, you must have an Oracle Enterprise Edition license to use Oracle Data Mining
tools. Oracle Data Mining is an option of the Enterprise Edition, as described in
Table 4–1, " Oracle Universal Installer Windows", in the Select Database Edition row.
With the Oracle Data Mining option, you can create and execute predictive and
descriptive data mining models that use a variety of algorithms.
Use the following method in this guide to install Oracle Data Mining:
1.
When you run Oracle Universal Installer, select the Enterprise Edition installation
type.
2.
In the Select Database Configuration screen, select the General
Purpose/Transaction Processing configuration.
G-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications
See Also: The following manuals for information about Oracle Data
Mining:
■
Oracle Data Mining Concepts
■
Oracle Data Mining Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Data Mining Application Developer's Guide
■
Oracle Data Mining Java API Reference
■
■
Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference (search for
Data Mining)
Oracle Database SQL Language Reference (search for Data Mining)
How do I perform backup and recovery operations for Oracle Database?
Use Oracle Database Recovery Manager (RMAN), which is a backup and recovery tool
integrated into Oracle Database. This tool satisfies the pressing demands of
high-performance, manageable backup, and recovery. Recovery Manager is native to
the database server, automatically tracks database structure changes, and optimizes
operations accordingly. In addition, Recovery Manager is integrated with leading tape
media management products, so that Oracle database backups can be integrated with
your existing networked data protection infrastructure.
See Also:
■
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide
■
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery Reference
Is Oracle Workflow included with Oracle Database 11g?
Starting with Oracle Database 11g, Oracle Workflow is no longer released with the
database. Oracle Workflow is available with the Oracle E-Business Suite releases.
Oracle Workflow statement of direction
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/overview/in
dex.html
See Also:
Is there a migration plan for customers that have built solutions using Oracle
Workflow?
Starting January 2006, customers are encouraged to re-create and implement
workflows using Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Oracle is in the process of creating a
technical migration guide to provide detailed recommendations for migrating Oracle
Workflow processes to Oracle BPEL Process Manager.
Oracle Workflow statement of direction
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/overview/in
dex.html
See Also:
G.3 Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications
The following are frequently asked questions about installing Oracle database with
Oracle applications:
■
How do I install my Oracle applications with Oracle Database?
■
How can I create Web applications that communicate with Oracle Database?
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation G-7
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
■
Which Web server can my Oracle applications use?
■
How can I migrate my non-Oracle applications to Oracle?
How do I install my Oracle applications with Oracle Database?
In most cases, install Oracle Database itself, then install the Oracle application. The
Oracle Universal Installer for that application prompts you for the connection
information. Check the application documentation requirements.
If you must implement your applications with Oracle Real Applications Clusters
databases, see Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide, and platform-specific
Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide.
How can I create Web applications that communicate with Oracle Database?
Install Oracle Application Express and a Web server. Use this guide to install Oracle
Database. Oracle Application Express is automatically installed, when you install
Oracle database.
See Also:
Oracle Application Express Installation Guide
Which Web server can my Oracle applications use?
Install Oracle HTTP Server, which ships on separate media, or use the XML DB HTTP
Protocol Server and the embedded PL/SQL Gateway that installs with Oracle
Database 11g Release 2.
How can I migrate my non-Oracle applications to Oracle?
Use Oracle SQL Developer to migrate your non-Oracle applications to Oracle. Oracle
SQL Developer software and documentation is available at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/developer-tools/sql-developer/overview/i
ndex.html
G.4 Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools
(Gateways)
The following section discusses the Gateway products:
How can my Oracle applications access data in a non-Oracle database system?
How can my Oracle applications access data in a non-Oracle database system?
You can use Oracle Database Gateway as the connectivity tool to enable Oracle
applications to access data in non-Oracle databases. The following are the functions of
Oracle Database Gateway:
■
■
Integrates a non-Oracle database into your Oracle Database environment.
Enables Oracle PL/SQL applications to integrate with APPC-enabled transactions,
or access messages in IBM Websphere MQ.
You can install the Gateway product on a computer independent of the Oracle
application, Oracle database, and non-Oracle database.
For example, suppose you have the following scenario:
■
■
Oracle Database is installed on a Linux computer.
The Oracle application is installed on a Microsoft Windows computer and accesses
data from the Oracle database on the Linux computer.
G-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
■
The Oracle application needs to join data in a DB2 database on Solaris Operating
System and an Oracle Database on Linux.
You have the option of installing the Database Gateway for DRDA on the Solaris
computer where DB2 is running, on Linux where Oracle is running, or on a third
computer.
Table G–1 lists the non-Oracle database systems that you can access from Oracle
applications, and the Gateways products that are available for those systems.
Table G–1
Oracle Gateway Products
Non-Oracle Database
Oracle Gateway Products and Documentation
IBM DB2 Universal
Database (UDB)
Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA.
IBM DB2 z/OS
Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA User's Guide.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA User's Guide.
IBM DB2/400
Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA User's Guide.
WebSphere MQ
Oracle Database Gateway for WebSphere MQ.
Oracle Database Gateway for WebSphere MQ Installation and User's Guide.
CICS/TS
Oracle Database Gateway for APPC.
IMSTM
Use Oracle Database Gateway for APPC Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft
Windows
Use Oracle Database Gateway for APPC User's Guide
SQL Server
Oracle Database Gateway for SQL Server.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for SQL Server User's Guide.
Sybase Adaptive Server
Oracle Database Gateway for Sybase.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for Sybase User's Guide.
Teradata
Oracle Database Gateway for Teradata.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for Teradata User's Guide.
Informix Server
Oracle Database Gateway for Informix.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for Informix User's Guide.
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation G-9
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
Table G–1 (Cont.) Oracle Gateway Products
Non-Oracle Database
Oracle Gateway Products and Documentation
IMS
Oracle Database Gateway for IMS.
Use Oracle Database Gateway for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Installation and Configuration
Guide for Microsoft Windows, Oracle Database Gateway for IMS User's Guide, and Oracle
Connect for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Gateways Installation and Configuration Guide for
IBM z/OS
VSAM
Oracle Database Gateway for VSAM.
Use Oracle Database Gateway for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Installation and Configuration
Guide for Microsoft Windows, Oracle Database Gateway for VSAM User's Guide, and
Oracle Connect for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Gateways Installation and Configuration Guide
for IBM z/OS.
Adabas
Oracle Database Gateway for Adabas.
Use Oracle Database Gateway for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Installation and Configuration
Guide for Microsoft Windows, Oracle Database Gateway for Adabas User's Guide, and
Oracle Connect for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Gateways Installation and Configuration Guide
for IBM z/OS.
G-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Glossary
Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group
A set of disk devices that Oracle Automatic Storage Management manages as a single
unit. Each disk device can be an individual physical disk, a multiple disk device such
as a RAID storage array or logical volume, or even a partition on a physical disk. You
can create the Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk group when you create the
Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance, or with Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant.
Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance
The Oracle instance that manages Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk groups
Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk groups. It is created automatically when
you install and configure Oracle Automatic Storage Management. See also Oracle
system identifier (SID).
Oracle Automatic Storage Management
Enables creation of a single disk group from a collection of individual disk devices. It
balances I/O to the disk group across all of the devices in the disk group. It also
implements striping and mirroring to improve I/O performance and data reliability.
automatic undo management mode
A mode of Oracle Database in which undo data is stored in a dedicated undo
tablespace. Unlike in manual undo management mode, the only undo management
that you must perform is the creation of the undo tablespace. All other undo
management is performed automatically.
connect descriptor
A specially formatted description of the destination for a network connection. A
connect descriptor contains destination service and network route information.
The destination service is indicated by using its service name for the Oracle Database
or its Oracle system identifier (SID) for Oracle release 11.2 databases. The network
route provides, at a minimum, the location of the listener through use of a network
address.
connect identifier
A name, net service name, or service name that resolves to a connect descriptor. Users
initiate a connect request by passing a user name and password along with a connect
identifier in a connect string for the service to which they want to connect, for
example:
SQL> CONNECT user_name@connect_identifier
Enter password: password
Glossary-1
control files
control files
Files that record the physical structure of a database and contain the database name,
the names and locations of associate datafiles and online undo tablespace, the time
stamp of the database creation, the current log sequence number, and checkpoint
information.
default domain
The network domain within which most client requests take place. It can be the
domain where the client resides, or a domain from which the client often requests
network services. The default domain is also the client configuration parameter that
determines what domain to append to unqualified network name requests. A name
request is unqualified if it does not have a "." character within it.
directory naming
A naming method that specifies a directory server to resolve a net service name into a
connect descriptor. The net service name is stored centrally in a directory server.
directory server
A Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)-compliant directory server. A
directory can provide centralized storage and retrieval of database network
components, user and corporate policies preferences, user authentication, and security
information, replacing client-side and server-side localized files.
external procedures
Procedure or function written in the C programming language and stored in a shared
library. An Oracle server can call external procedures or functions using PL/SQL
routines. For Oracle Database to connect to external procedures, the server must be
configured with a net service name and the listener must be configured with protocol
address and service information.
global database name
The full database name that uniquely distinguishes it from any other database in your
network domain.
For example:
sales.us.example.com
where sales is the name you want to call your database and us.example.com is the
network domain in which the database is located.
initialization parameter file
An ASCII text file that contains information needed to initialize a database and
instance.
instance
Process associated with a running Oracle Database instance. When a database is
started on a database server (regardless of the type of computer), Oracle Database
allocates a memory area called the System Global Area and starts one or more Oracle
Database processes. This combination of the System Global Area and Oracle Database
processes is called an instance. The memory and processes of an instance manage the
associated database's data efficiently and serve the users of the database.
Glossary-2
net service name
installation type
A predefined component set that automatically selects which components to install.
See "Oracle Database Editions" on page 1-10 for a list of installation types available
with each top-level component.
Interprocess Communication (IPC)
A protocol that client applications use that resides on the same node as the listener to
communicate with the database. IPC can provide a faster local connection than
TCP/IP.
listener
A process that resides on the server and whose responsibility is to listen for incoming
client connection requests and manage the traffic to the server.
When a client requests a network session with a database server, a listener receives the
actual request. If the client information matches the listener information, then the
listener grants a connection to the database server.
listener.ora file
A configuration file for the listener that identifies the:
■
Listener name
■
Protocol addresses on which it is accepting connection requests
■
Services for which it is listening
The listener.ora file resides in the ORACLE_HOME\network\admin directory.
An Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) does not require identification of the database
service because of service registration. However, static service configuration is
required for an Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) if you plan to use Oracle
Enterprise Manager.
local naming
A naming method that resolves a net service name into a connect descriptor. This
name is configured and stored in the tnsnames.ora file on each individual client.
manual undo management mode
A mode of the database in which undo blocks are stored in user-managed rollback
segments.
naming method
A resolution method used by a client application to resolve a connect identifier to a
network address when attempting to connect to a database service. Oracle Net
Services supports the following naming methods:
■
Local naming
■
Directory naming
■
Host naming
■
External naming
net service name
A simple name for a service that resolves to a connect descriptor. Users initiate a
connect request by passing a user name and password along with a net service name
in a connect string for the service to which they want to connect:
Glossary-3
OPS$
SQL> CONNECT user_name
Enter password: password
SQL> @net_service_name
Depending on your needs, net service names can be stored in a variety of places,
including:
■
Local configuration file, tnsnames.ora, on each client
■
Directory server
■
External naming service, such as Network Information Service (NIS) or Cell
Directory Service (CDS)
OPS$
Acronym for operating system specific. The initialization file parameter OS_AUTHENT_
PREFIX enables users to specify a prefix that Oracle uses to authenticate users
attempting to connect to the database. Oracle concatenates the value of this parameter
to the beginning of the user's operating system account name. When a connection
request is attempted, Oracle compares the prefixed user name with Oracle user names
in the database.
The default value of this parameter is "" (a null string), thereby eliminating the
addition of any prefix to operating system account names. In earlier releases, OPS$ was
the default setting.
ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_BASE is the root of the Oracle Database directory tree. The Oracle Base
directory is the top level directory that you can use to install the various oracle
software products. You can use the same Oracle base directory for multiple
installations. If you install an OFA-compliant database using Oracle Universal Installer
defaults, then ORACLE_BASE is X:\oracle\product\11.2.0 where X is any hard drive
(for example, C:\oracle\product\11.2.0).
ORACLE_HOME
Corresponds to the environment in which Oracle Database products run. This
environment includes location of installed product files, PATH variable pointing to
products' binary files, registry entries, net service name, and program groups.
If you install an OFA-compliant database, using Oracle Universal Installer defaults,
Oracle home (known as \ORACLE_HOME in this guide) is located beneath X:\ORACLE_
BASE. The default Oracle home is db_n where n is the Oracle home number. It contains
subdirectories for Oracle Database software executables and network files. See also
Oracle home.
Oracle home
The directory path to install Oracle components (for example,
C:\app\oracle\product\11.2.0\dbhome_n). You are prompted to enter an Oracle
home in the Path field of the Specify File Locations window. See also ORACLE_HOME.
Oracle schema
A set of rules that determine what can be stored in an LDAP-compliant directory
server. Oracle has its own schema that is applied to many types of Oracle entries,
including Oracle Net Services entries. The Oracle schema for Oracle Net Services
entries includes the attributes the entries may contain.
Glossary-4
service registration
Oracle Net foundation layer
A networking communication layer that establishes and maintains the connection
between the client application and server, as well as exchanging messages between
them.
protocol address
An address that identifies the network address of a network object.
When a connection is made, the client and the receiver of the request, such as the
listener, or Oracle Connection Manager, are configured with identical protocol
addresses. The client uses this address to send the connection request to a particular
network object location, and the recipient "listens" for requests on this address. It is
important to install the same protocols for the client and the connection recipient, and
to configure the same addresses.
raw partitions
Portions of a physical disk that are accessed at the lowest possible disk (block) level.
redo log files
Files that contain a record of all changes made to data in the database buffer cache. If
an instance failure occurs, then an administrator can use the redo log files to recover
the modified data that was in memory.
registry
A Windows repository that stores configuration information for a computer.
repository
A set of tables located in any Oracle database accessible to the Oracle Management
Server. Oracle Management Server uses a repository to store all system data and
application data, information about the state of managed nodes distributed
throughout the environment, as well as information about the separately licensable
management packs.
service registration
A feature by which the PMON process (an instance background process)
automatically registers information with a listener. Because this information is
registered with the listener, the listener.ora file must not be configured with this static
information.
Service registration provides the listener with the following information:
■
Service names for each running instance of the database
■
Instance names of the database
■
Service handlers (dispatchers and dedicated servers) available for each instance
This allows the listener to direct a client's request appropriately.
■
Dispatcher, instance, and node load information
This allows the listener to determine which dispatcher can best handle a client
connection's request. If all dispatchers are blocked, the listener can spawn a
dedicated server for the connection.
This information allows the listener to determine how best to service a client
connection request.
Glossary-5
SID
SID
The Oracle system identifier that distinguishes the database from all other databases
on your computer. The SID automatically defaults to the database name portion of the
global database name (sales in the example sales.us.example.com) until you reach
eight characters or enter a period. You can accept or change the default value.
The SID can also see an Oracle Automatic Storage Management instance SID, available
when you install Oracle Automatic Storage Management.
sqlnet.ora file
A configuration file for the client or server that specifies the:
■
Client domain to append to unqualified service names or net service names
■
Order of naming methods for the client to use when resolving a name
■
Logging and tracing features to use
■
Route of connections
■
External naming parameters
■
Oracle Advanced Security parameters
The sqlnet.ora file resides in ORACLE_HOME\network\admin.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
An industry standard protocol designed by Netscape Communications Corporation
for securing network connections. SSL provides authentication, encryption, and data
integrity using public key infrastructure (PKI).
SSL
See Secure Sockets Layer (SSL).
System Global Area
A group of shared memory structures that contain data and control information for an
Oracle Database instance.
system identifier
See SID.
tablespace
A logical storage unit within a database. Tablespaces are divided into logical units of
storage called segments, which are further divided into extents.
tnsnames.ora file
A configuration file that contains net service names mapped to connect descriptors.
This file is used for the local naming method. The tnsnames.ora file resides in ORACLE_
HOME\network\admin.
undo tablespace
An tablespace that contains one or more undo segments. The creation of any other
types of segment (for example, tables, indexes) in undo tablespaces is not allowed.
In the automatic mode, each Oracle instance is assigned one and only one undo
tablespace. Each undo tablespace is composed of a set of undo files. Undo blocks are
grouped in extents. At any point in time, an extent is either allocated to (and used by)
a transaction table, or is free.
Glossary-6
User Account Control
Blocks in undo tablespaces are grouped into the following categories:
■
■
■
File control blocks, bitmap blocks, and so forth used for space management
Undo segments containing transaction table blocks, undo blocks, and extent-map
blocks used for transaction management
Free blocks that are unallocated to file control or undo segments
unqualified name
A net service name that does not contain a network domain.
User Account Control
A Microsoft Windows feature that helps prevent unauthorized changes by asking for
permission or administrator privileges to perform certain operations. Some Oracle
administration tasks require Windows administrator privileges granted through User
Account Control.
Glossary-7
User Account Control
Glossary-8
Index
A
account control, 1-4
accounts
ANONYMOUS, 6-7
APEX_030200, 6-7
APEX_PUBLIC_USER, 6-7
BI, 6-7
CTXSYS, 6-7
DBSNMP, 6-7
DIP, 6-7
EXFSYS, 6-8
FLOWS_FILES, 6-8
HR, 6-8
IX, 6-8
LBACSYS, 6-8
MDDATA, 6-8
MDSYS, 6-8
MGMT_VIEW, 6-8
OE, 6-8
ORACLE_OCM, 6-8
ORDPLUGINS, 6-8
ORDSYS, 6-8
OUTLN, 6-8
OWBSYS, 6-8
PM, 6-9
SCOTT, 6-9
SH, 6-9
SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA, 6-9
SYS, 6-9
SYSMAN, 6-9
SYSTEM, 6-9
WMSYS, 6-9
XDB, 6-9
ACFS, 3-3
requirements, 3-3
admin directory, B-4
administrative user names, listed, 6-7
Administrators group, requirements for Oracle
installations, 4-2
ADVM, 3-3
requirements, 3-3
AL32UTF8 character set
upgrade considerations, 4-5
aliases, multiple on computers, 2-11
ANONYMOUS administrative user name, 6-7
APEX_030200 administrative user name, 6-7
APEX_PUBLIC_USER administrative user
name, 6-7
APPC-enabled databases, G-9
applications, migrating non-Oracle applications to
Oracle, G-8
ASMCA, 6-4
asmcmd utility, 3-20
asmtool utility, 3-12
asmtoolg utility, 3-11
authentication support
preinstallation requirements, 2-19
Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM)
configuring Oracle Database to communicate
with, 5-11
B
backups of database
automatic, enabling, 1-17
flash_area_recovery directory, B-5
Oracle Database Recovery Manager, G-7
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control, 1-17
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control, 1-17
perform before upgrading, 4-2
Basic installation method
See also Advanced installation method
BI administrative user name, 6-7
bind order of the adapters
about, 2-12
C
certification, hardware and software, 1-5, 2-8
cloning an Oracle home, 4-19
cluster file system, storage option for data files, 2-16
Cluster Synchronization Services (CSS)
Oracle Automatic Storage Management, 1-14
ports, ranges and protocol, E-3
clusters
installation guidelines, 4-3
See also Oracle Clusterware, Oracle Real
Application Clusters
commands
runcluvfy.bat, 3-13
Index-1
setup.exe, 3-13
compilers
supported, 2-6, 2-7
components
for single Oracle homes, 1-8
installation of single Oracle home
components, 1-8
computers with multiple aliases, 2-11
computers, non-networked, 2-11
configuration assistants
suppressing during silent or response file
installation, C-6
troubleshooting, F-3
See also Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
(DBCA), Net Configuration Assistant (NetCA)
configuring disks for Oracle ASM, 3-5 to 3-13
configuring disks for Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 4-6
Connection Manager
ports, ranges and protocol, E-2
control files
about, 6-14
CRS. See Oracle Clusterware
CTXSYS administrative user name, 6-7
custom database
failure groups for Oracle ASM, 3-8
requirements when using Automatic Storage
Management, 3-7
D
DAS (direct attached storage) disks, 3-9
data files
about, 6-12
creating separate directories for, 2-18
managing with Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 1-13
minimum disk space for, 2-17
options for placing on file systems, 2-17
recommendations for file system, 2-17
storage options, 2-16
data loss
minimizing with Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 3-8
data mining tools
Oracle Data Mining, G-6
data warehousing
Enterprise Edition installation type, 1-10
preconfigured database type, 1-11
data warehousing tool
Oracle OLAP, G-6
Database Control. See Oracle Enterprise Manager
Database Control
Database Security
preinstallation requirements, 2-19
Database Upgrade Assistant, computers with
minimum memory, 4-3
databases
accounts, listed, 6-7
backup, 1-17
Index-2
cloning an Oracle home, 4-19
control files, 6-14
custom, management options, 1-16
data files, 6-12
downgrading, 1-20
initialization parameter file, 6-12
naming, 4-16
non-Oracle
APPC-enabled, G-9
non-Oracle, listed, G-9
OLAP support (Oracle OLAP), G-6
Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle
ASM)
requirements, 3-6
preconfigured, management options, 1-16
recovery using backups, 1-17
recovery with Oracle Backup and Recovery, G-7
redo log files, 6-14
security management, G-5
starting, 6-4
stopping, 6-4
storage options, 1-12
tablespaces, 6-12
types, preconfigured, 1-11
upgrade requirements, 1-18
Daylight Savings Time, 1-20
DB_DOMAIN parameter, 6-11
DB_NAME
parameter, 6-11
DB2 database, G-9
DB2 z/OS database, G-9
DB2/400 database, G-9
DBCA. See Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
dbca.rsp file
about, C-4
DBSNMP administrative user name
about, 6-7
default control files, 6-14
default data files, 6-13
default initialization parameter file, init.ora, 6-12
default tablespaces, 6-13
Deinstallation Tool
about, 7-1
description
database restart, 3-1
Oracle Restart, 3-1
Desktop Class
about, 1-9
device names
creating with asmtool, 3-12
creating with asmtoolg, 3-11
differences between installing Oracle on Windows
and UNIX, 1-3
DIP administrative user name, 6-7
directory
creating separate data file directories, 2-18
database file directory, 2-17
disk devices
in Oracle Automatic Storage Management, 1-14
managing with Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 1-13
multiple, 1-12
disk space
checking, 2-4
requirements for preconfigured database in Oracle
ASM, 3-7
diskpart.exe tool
about, 3-10
syntax, 3-10
disks
configuring for Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 3-5 to 3-13, 4-6
supported for Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 3-9
documentation
additional Oracle documentation, xii
downgrading databases, 1-20
DVD drive, installing from, 4-6
E
Enterprise Edition installation type
about, 1-10
Enterprise Manager. See Oracle Enterprise Manager
environment variables
NLS_LANG, D-2
ORACLE_BASE
set in Registry, 1-3
ORACLE_HOME
preventing installation, 4-2
set in Registry, 1-3
ORACLE_HOSTNAME, 2-10
ORACLE_SID
set in Registry, 1-3
PATH
set in Registry, 1-3
TEMP and TMP
hardware requirements, 2-5
TMP and TMPDIR, 3-2
errors
configuration assistants, F-3
installation, F-2, F-4
silent mode, F-2
EXAMPLE tablespace
description, 6-13
example01.DBF data file, 6-13
example01.DBF data file, 6-13
examples
Oracle Automatic Storage Management failure
groups, 3-8
EXFSYS administrative user name, 6-8
external redundancy
Oracle Automatic Storage Management
redundancy level, 3-7
F
failure groups
about, 1-14
characteristics in Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 3-8
examples in Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 3-8
FAQ for installation, G-1 to G-9
Fast Recovery Area, 5-11
fatal errors, F-4
file systems
data file and recovery file placement
options, 2-17
storage option for data files, 2-16
system requirements, 2-3
using for data files, 2-17
files
listener.ora
using for current release, 5-8
Oracle Universal Installer log files, F-2
tnsnames.ora, 5-9
Flash Recovery Area
See Fast Recovery Area
flash_area_recovery directory, B-5
FLOWS_FILES administrative user name, 6-8
frequently asked installation questions, G-1 to G-9
G
Gateways products FAQ, G-8
general purpose/transaction processing
preconfigured database type, 1-11
generic documentation references
Windows-specific parameter file name and
location, 6-12
Windows-specific redo log file location, 6-14
Windows-specific redo log file size, 6-14
Global Database Name
about, 4-16
global database name
about, 6-11
identifying, 6-11
global database name, defined, 6-11
globalization support, D-1
Grid Control. See Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid
Control
H
hardware certification, 1-5, 2-8
hardware requirements, 3-2
high redundancy
Oracle Automatic Storage Management
redundancy level, 3-7
host name, setting before installation, 2-10
hosts file
editing for multihomed computers, 2-10
location, 2-10
HR administrative user name, 6-8
I
IBM DB2 database, G-9
IBM DB2 z/OS database, G-9
IBM DB2/400 database, G-9
Index-3
IBM WebSphere MQ databases, G-9
Informix Server database, G-9
initialization parameter file
about, 6-12
in database, 6-12
init.ora, 6-12
in-place Oracle Database Client upgrade, xvi
installActions.log file, F-2
installation
accessing installation software, 4-6
available products, 1-10
cloning an Oracle home, 4-19
clusters, installation guidelines, 4-3
completing, 4-12
component-specific guidelines, 4-3
computer aliases, multiple, 2-11
configuration options, about, 1-11
database editions, 1-10
differences between installing Oracle on UNIX and
Windows, 1-3
downloading software from Oracle Technology
Network, 4-8
DVD drive, 4-6
errors
log session, F-2
while configuration assistant runs, F-4
FAQ for Oracle Database products, G-1 to G-10
guidelines, 4-12
Java Access Bridge, A-1
laptops, 2-11
log files, F-2
Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle
ASM)
requirements, 3-6
Oracle Universal Installer, about, 1-6
overview, 1-1 to 1-20
planning, 1-1
postinstallation tasks, 5-1 to 5-13
preinstallation considerations, 4-1 to 4-3
procedure, 4-11 to 4-19
remote installation with remote access
software, 4-7
remote installation, DVD drive, 4-6
response file mode error handling, F-3
response files, C-1
errors, F-2
restrictions on installing in pre-8.1.5 homes, 1-7
restrictions on using old Oracle Installer, 1-7
reviewing a log of an installation session, F-2
silent mode error handling, F-3
single Oracle home components, 1-8
troubleshooting, F-1 to F-4
upgrade considerations, 1-18
upgrading, G-2
with other components, G-1 to G-10
installation methods. See Desktop Class, Server Class
installation software, accessing, 4-6
Installing
Oracle restart, 3-15
IP addresses, multiple, 2-10
Index-4
IX administrative user name, 6-8
J
Java Access Bridge
configuring, A-3
installing, A-1
JRE 1.5, A-1
Java Runtime Environment. See JRE
Jobs system, 5-10
JRE (Java Runtime Environment)
requirements, 2-3
restrictions on modifying, 1-7
version used by Oracle, 1-7
JRE 1.5, Java Access Bridge setup with, A-1
L
languages
installing Oracle components in different
languages, D-5
using Oracle components in different
languages, D-4
laptops, installing Oracle Database on, 2-11
LBACSYS administrative user name, 6-8
listener.ora file
using listener from current release, 5-8
listeners
stopping existing listener process, 2-19
local device, using for data files, 2-17
log files, F-2
reviewing an installation session, F-2
troubleshooting, F-2
log files locations in OFA, B-8
Logical Volume Manager (LVM)
multiple disks, 1-12
recommendations for Automatic Storage
Management, 3-7
loopback adapters
about, 2-12
checking if installed, 2-12
computers with multiple aliases, 2-11
installing, 2-12 to 2-15
installing on Windows 2003, 2-13
installing on Windows Vista and Windows Server
2008, 2-14, 2-15
installing on Windows Vista or Windows Server
2008, 2-14, 2-15
installing on Windows XP, 2-13
non-networked computers, 2-11
removing, 2-15
See also network adapters, primary network
adapters
M
MDDATA administrative user name, 6-8
MDSYS administrative user name, 6-8
memory requirements, 3-2
MGMT_VIEW administrative user name, 6-8
migrating applications to Oracle, G-8
migrating non-Oracle databases to Oracle, G-3
mirroring Oracle ASM disk groups, 3-7
multihomed computers, installing on, 2-10
multiple aliases, computers with, 2-11
multiple Oracle homes
setting, 2-10
System Identifier (SID), 6-11
My Oracle Support site
about, 1-5
accessing, 1-5
N
Net Configuration Assistant (NetCA)
response file, C-4
response files, C-6
running at command prompt, C-6
suppressing during silent or response file
installation, C-6
troubleshooting, F-3
Net Services Configuration Assistant, computers with
minimum memory, 4-3
NetCA. See Net Configuration Assistant (NetCA)
netca.rsp file
about, C-4
using, C-6
network adapters
computers with multiple aliases, 2-11
how primary adapter is determined, 2-12
non-networked computers, 2-11
primary, on computers with multiple
aliases, 2-11
See also loopback adapters, primary network
adapters
network cards, multiple, 2-10
network protocols, supported, 2-6, 2-8
network topics
about, 2-10
computers with multiple aliases, 2-11
laptops, 2-11
listed, 2-10 to 2-15
loopback adapters, 2-12 to 2-15
multiple network cards, 2-10
non-networked computers, 2-11
new features
enhanced patch set installation, xv
in-place upgrade of oracle database client, xvi
new software updates option, xvi, 1-10
NLS_LANG environment variable, D-2
non-networked computers, 2-11
non-Oracle databases, listed, G-9
normal redundancy, Oracle Automatic Storage
Management redundancy level, 3-7
NTFS system requirements, 2-3
O
OE administrative user name, 6-8
OEM. See Oracle Enterprise Manager
OLAP tools
about, G-6
Oracle OLAP, G-6
operating system
reviewing common practices, 2-10
operating systems, supported, 2-6, 2-7
Optimal Flexible Architecture
advantages, B-1
overview, B-1
standard, B-1
Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA)
changes for this release, B-2
default Optimal Flexible Architecture
database, B-5
differences since previous releases, B-2
directory naming conventions, B-3
nondefault Optimal Flexible Architecture database
2, B-6
Oracle base directory, B-7
Oracle Database directory tree, affect on, B-2
Oracle home directory, B-5
symbolic links, B-7
Windows and UNIX differences, B-7
Oracle ACFS, 3-3
requirements, 3-3
Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
behavior with multiple Oracle homes, 1-8
configuration, 5-7
Oracle ADVM, 3-3
requirements, 3-3
Oracle applications
installing with Oracle Database, G-8
Oracle ASM. See Automatic Storage Management
Oracle Automatic Storage Management
asmcmd utility, 3-20
configuring disks, 4-6
considerations before installing, 3-5
installation, testing, 3-20
password file, 3-5
SPFILE server parameter file, 3-5
Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM)
asmtool utility, 3-12
asmtoolg utility, 3-11
configuring disks, 3-5 to 3-13
DAS disks, 3-9
disk devices, 1-14
disk groups. See Oracle ASM disk groups
disks, supported, 3-9
failure groups
characteristics, 3-8
examples, 3-8
identifying, 3-8
getting started using, 6-3
managing, 6-3
mirroring, 3-7
Oracle ASM asmcmd utility, 6-3
Oracle ASM disk groups
about, 1-14
managing, 6-3
recommendations for, 3-7
templates, 1-14
Index-5
Oracle ASM instance
about, 1-14
partition creation, 3-9
redundancy levels, 3-7
SAN disks, 3-9
silent or response file mode installations, C-2
space required for preconfigured database, 3-7
starting and stopping, 6-3
storage option for data files, 2-16
templates, 1-14
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Cluster File
System, 3-3
Oracle Automatic Storage Management Configuration
Assistant, 6-4
Oracle base directory
about, 1-7, B-3
example, B-5
installation, 1-7
location on UNIX, B-7
location on Windows, B-7
Oracle Cluster Registry port, E-3
Oracle Clusterware
about, G-3
installed before Oracle Database, 4-4
used with Oracle Real Application Clusters, G-3
when to install, 2-20
Oracle components
using in different languages, D-4
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
behavior with multiple Oracle homes, 1-8
postinstallation task, 5-7
Oracle Data Mining
about, G-6
installing, G-6
Oracle Database
administering and monitoring, G-4
Automatic Storage Management, configuring
communication with, 5-11
checking installed contents, 6-1
cloning an Oracle home, 4-19
creating data file directories, 2-18
data file storage options, 2-16
getting started using, 6-1 to 6-15
accessing, 6-5, 6-6
starting and stopping database, 6-5, 6-6
installing with Oracle applications, G-8
installing with other Oracle
components, G-1 to G-10
minimum disk space requirements, 2-17
naming, 4-16
requirements with Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 3-7
security management, G-5
starting and stopping, 6-4
upgrading, G-2
Windows Terminal Services support, 2-8
See also installation, postinstallation, removing,
requirements
Oracle Database Advanced Queuing, 5-7
Oracle Database Client
Index-6
configuring connections, G-2
Oracle Database components
administering and monitoring, G-4
connectivity FAQ, G-8
FAQ on installing, G-1 to ??
installing with Oracle applications, G-8
installing with Oracle Database tools, G-4
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA)
about, 1-11
computers with minimum memory, 4-3
creating new databases with, 5-11
modes during database installation, 1-11
response file, C-4
response files, C-7
suppressing during silent or response file
installation, C-6
troubleshooting, F-3
Oracle Database directory tree, B-2
Oracle Database Gateway
listed products, G-9
Oracle Database Recovery Manager (RMAN)
about, G-7
Oracle Database SID
about, 4-16
naming rules, 4-16
ORACLE_SID environment variable, 1-3
Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant, computers with
minimum memory, 4-3
Oracle Database Vault
postinstallation task, 5-8
preinstallation requirement, 2-20
Oracle Enterprise Management Agent
ports
changing, E-3
ranges and protocol, E-2
where installed, 1-15
Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM)
about, 1-15
deploying, 1-15
jobs system, setting correct credentials, 5-10
options, 1-15
preconfigured databases, 1-16
preinstallation requirements, 2-19
See also Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control, Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid
Control
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Console
ports
changing, E-3
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
about, 1-16
backup and recovery, 1-17
listing initialization parameters, 6-12
listing tablespaces, 6-13
logging into, 6-2
login privileges, 6-2
password management, 6-10
ports
ranges and protocol, E-2
postinstallation task, 5-11
starting and stopping databases, 6-4
viewing control files, 6-15
viewing redo log files, 6-14
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control
about, 1-15
backup and recovery, 1-17
how installed, 1-15
Oracle home directory
about, 1-7
examples, B-5
location, B-3
multiple homes, network considerations, 2-10
multiple homes, precedence of components, 1-8
Optimal Flexible Architecture, B-5
single Oracle home components, 1-8
specifying, B-5
Oracle host name, setting before installation, 2-10
Oracle Internet Directory, G-5
Oracle Label Security
postinstallation task, 5-8
Oracle Messaging Gateway feature, 5-7
Oracle Net Listener
ports
ranges and protocol, E-2
Oracle Net Services
configuring, 5-8
postinstallation task, 5-8
stopping existing listener, 2-19
Oracle Net Services Configuration Assistant,
computers with minimum memory, 4-3
Oracle Objects for OLE
behavior with multiple Oracle homes, 1-8
Oracle OLAP
about, G-6
Oracle Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction
Server
ports
changing, E-4
Oracle Provider for OLE DB
behavior with multiple Oracle homes, 1-8
Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC)
Oracle Automatic Storage Management, 1-13
Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC)
installed before Oracle Database, 4-4
installing with Oracle Enterprise Manager, G-4
Oracle Clusterware, 2-20
about, G-3
requirements, 2-20
Oracle Restart
description, 3-1
Installing, 3-15
Oracle Schemas, xiii
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server
ports
ranges and protocol, E-3
Oracle SQL Developer
accessing, 6-6
migrating non-Oracle applications to Oracle, G-8
migrating non-Oracle databases to Oracle, G-3
Oracle Technology Network (OTN)
downloading documentation from, xiii
downloading software from, 4-8
Oracle Text knowledge base, 5-9
Oracle Universal Installer
location of executable, C-5
running in different languages, D-5
Oracle Universal Installer (OUI)
about, 1-6
cloning an Oracle home, 4-19
guidelines in using, 4-3
installation guidelines, 4-3
log files, F-2
response files, C-1
restrictions on installing in pre-8.1.5 homes, 1-7
running at command line, C-5
Oracle XML DB
about, G-5
ports, ranges and protocol, E-2
postinstallation task, 5-9
XDB administrative user name, 6-9
ORACLE_BASE directory. See Oracle base directory
ORACLE_BASE environment variable
set in Registry, 1-3
ORACLE_HOME directory. See Oracle home
directory, ORACLE_HOME environment
variable
ORACLE_HOME environment variable
preventing installation, 4-2
set in Registry, 1-3
ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable
about, 2-10
computers with multiple aliases, 2-11
multihomed computers, 2-10
setting before installation, 2-10
ORACLE_OCM administrative user name, 6-8
ORACLE_SID environment variable
set in Registry, 1-3
See also Oracle Database SID
Oracle-managed files feature, 2-20
ORADATA directory, explained, B-4
ORDPLUGINS administrative user name, 6-8
ORDSYS administrative user name, 6-8
OTN. See Oracle Technology Network
OUI. See Oracle Universal Installer
OUTLN administrative user name, 6-8
OWBSYS administrative user name, 6-8
P
partitions
creation for Oracle Automatic Storage
Management disks, 3-9
using with Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 3-7
See also diskpart.exe tool
password file for Oracle Automatic Storage
Management, 3-5
passwords
for administrative accounts, 6-7
guidelines, 6-9
Index-7
managing in Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control, 6-10
managing in SQL*Plus, 6-11
patch set information, downloading, 5-1
PATH environment variable
set in Registry, 1-3
Personal Edition installation type, 1-10
PL/SQL
external procedures postinstallation task, 5-9
modules, validating, 5-2
PM administrative user name, 6-9
portlist.ini file, E-1
ports
access URLs, E-1
Cluster Synchronization Services, ranges and
protocol, E-3
configured for applications, E-1
Connection Manager, ranges and protocol, E-2
default ranges, E-1
Oracle Cluster Registry, E-3
Oracle Enterprise Management Agent
changing, E-3
ranges and protocol, E-2
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Console
changing, E-3
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
ranges and protocol, E-2
Oracle Net Listener
ranges and protocol, E-2
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server
changing, E-4
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server,
ranges and protocol, E-3
Oracle XML DB, ranges and protocol, E-2
postinstallation tasks, 5-1 to 5-13
changing passwords, 6-9
configuring secure sockets layer, 5-2
database-to-Automatic Storage Management
communication, 5-11
getting started using Oracle Database, 6-1 to 6-15
Jobs system, 5-10
Oracle Administration Assistant for
Windows, 5-7
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance
Monitor, 5-7
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control,
configuring databases to use, 5-11
Oracle Label Security, 5-8
Oracle Messaging Gateway feature, 5-7
Oracle Net Services, 5-8
Oracle Text knowledge base, 5-9
Oracle XML DB, 5-9
PL/SQL external procedures, 5-9
setting job system credentials for Enterprise
Manager, 5-10
shared server support, 5-9
validating invalid PL/SQL modules, 5-2
preconfigured database
Oracle Automatic Storage Management disk space
requirements, 3-7
Index-8
requirements when using Oracle Automatic
Storage Management, 3-7
preinstallation
perform database backup, 4-2
requirements for Oracle Database Security, 2-19
requirements for Oracle Enterprise Manager, 2-19
preinstallation considerations, 4-1 to 4-3
primary network adapters
how determined, 2-12
See also loopback adapters, network adapters
process, stopping existing listener process, 2-19
R
RAC. See Oracle Real Application Clusters
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks)
multiple disks, 1-12
recommended Oracle ASM redundancy level, 3-7
using for Oracle data files, 2-17
RAM requirements, 3-2
readme.txt file, E-1
recommendations
on perfomring software-only installations, 3-13
recovery files, options for placing on file
system, 2-17
recovery of databases
about, 1-17
Oracle Backup and Recovery, G-7
redo log files
in starter database, 6-14
redundancy level
and space requirements for preconfigured
database, 3-7
for Oracle Automatic Storage Management, 3-7
Redundant Array of Independent Disks. See RAID
release notes, 1-1
remote access software, 4-7
remote installations
DVD drive, 4-6
remote access software, 4-7
removing
response files, using, C-6
requirements
for JRE, 2-3
for Oracle Enterprise Manager, 2-19
for upgrading a database, 1-18
hard disk space, 2-3
hardware, 2-1, 3-2
hardware certification, 2-8
hardware, verifying, 2-4
software, 2-5
software certification, 2-8
Web browser support, 2-9
Windows Terminal Services, 2-8
response file mode
about, C-1
error handling, F-2
reasons for using, C-2
See also response files, silent mode, C-1
response file mode. See response file mode
response files
about, C-1
creating
with record mode, C-4
with template, C-3
dbca.rsp, C-4
error handling, F-2
general procedure, C-2
Net Configuration Assistant, C-6
netca.rsp, C-4
Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle
ASM), C-2
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
(DBCA), C-7
passing values at command line, C-2
specifying with Oracle Universal Installer, C-5
using, C-1 to C-8
See also silent mode, response file mode, C-1
response files installation
about, C-1
roadmap for installing Oracle Database
components, G-1 to G-10
root user, 4-12
S
Sample Schemas
administrative user names, 6-7
tablespaces and data files, 6-13
SAN (storage area network) disks, 3-9
schemas
database schema passwords, 4-18
Oracle Schemas, about, xiii
Sample Schemas administrative user names, 6-7
Sample Schemas tablespaces and data files, 6-13
SCOTT administrative user name, 6-9
security
management tools, G-5
Oracle Database Security Strong Authentication
requirements, 2-19
Server Class
about, 1-9
See also Desktop Class
server parameter file (SPFILE), 3-5
SERVICE_NAMES parameter, 6-11
services, stopping, 2-19
setup.exe. See Oracle Universal Installer (OUI)
SH administrative user name, 6-9
shared server support, 5-9
SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA administrative user
name, 6-9
SID. See Oracle Database SID
silent mode
about, C-1
error handling, F-2
errors, F-2
reasons for using, C-2
See also response file mode, response files, C-1
single Oracle home components, 1-8
software certification, 1-5, 2-8
software updates option, xvi, 3-15
SPFILE server parameter file, 3-5
SQL Developer
accessing, 6-6
SQL Server database, G-9
SQL*Plus
accessing, 6-5
password management, 6-11
sqlnet.ora file, enabling Windows native
authentication, 5-11
SSL, 5-2
Standard Edition installation type, 1-10
starter database accounts, 6-7 to 6-9
stopping existing services, 2-19
storage area network disks, 3-9
storage management. See Oracle Automatic Storage
Management (Oracle ASM)
storage option for data files, 2-16
swap space
requirements, 3-2
Sybase Adapter Server database, G-9
symbolic links, B-7
SYS administrative user name, 6-9
SYSMAN administrative user name, 6-9
SYSTEM
tablespace, description, 6-13
SYSTEM administrative user name, 6-9
system requirements
on NTFS file systems, 2-3
system01.dbf data file, 6-13
T
tablespaces, 6-13
expanding for large sorts, 6-13
in database, 6-12
SYSTEM, 6-13
TEMP, 6-13
UNDOTBS, 6-13
USERS, 6-13
TEMP
tablespace (temp01.dbf), 6-13
TEMP environment variable, hardware
requirements, 2-5
temp01.dbf data file, 6-13
temporary directory, 2-4
temporary disk space
checking, 2-4
freeing, 2-4
requirements, 3-2
Teradata database, G-9
tmp directory
checking space in, 2-4
freeing space in, 2-4
TMP environment variable, 3-2
hardware requirements, 2-5
TMPDIR environment variable, 3-2
tnsnames.ora file, 5-9
transaction processing
Enterprise Edition installation type, 1-10
Index-9
troubleshooting, F-1 to F-4
fatal errors, F-4
Inventory log files, F-2
U
UNDOTBS
tablespace (undotbs01.dbf), 6-13
UNIX
differences between installing Oracle on
Windows, 1-3
unsupported components
on Windows Terminal Services, 2-8
upgrading
AL32UTF8 character set, 4-5
backing up before upgrading, 4-2
considerations, 1-18
Daylight Savings Time, 1-20
downgrading a database, 1-20
user account control, 1-4
user accounts, managing, 1-4
user names
ANONYMOUS, 6-7
APEX_030200, 6-7
APEX_PUBLIC_USER, 6-7
BI, 6-7
changing passwords, 6-9
CTXSYS, 6-7
DBSNMP, 6-7
DIP, 6-7
EXFSYS, 6-8
FLOWS_FILES, 6-8
HR, 6-8
IX, 6-8
LBACSYS, 6-8
MDDATA, 6-8
MDSYS, 6-8
MGMT_VIEW, 6-8
OE, 6-8
ORACLE_OCM, 6-8
ORDPLUGINS, 6-8
ORDSYS, 6-8
OUTLN, 6-8
OWBSYS, 6-8
PM, 6-9
SCOTT account, 6-9
SH, 6-9
SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA, 6-9
SYS, 6-9
SYSMAN, 6-9
SYSTEM, 6-9
WMSYS, 6-9
XDB, 6-9
USERS
tablespace (users01.dbf), 6-13
utlrp.sql file, 5-2
W
Web browser support, 2-9
Index-10
WebSphere MQ database, G-9
Windows
compilers, supported, 2-6, 2-7
credentials for job system, 5-10
network protocol, supported, 2-6, 2-8
operating systems, supported, 2-6, 2-7
Oracle Database installation differences with
UNIX, 1-3
Windows 7
user account control, 1-4
Windows 8
user account control, 1-4
Windows 8.1
user account control, 1-4
Windows Server 2008
user account control, 1-4
Windows Server 2008 R2
user account control, 1-4
Windows Server 2012
user account control, 1-4
Windows Services utility, starting and stopping
databases, 6-5
Windows Terminal Services
support, 2-8
unsupported components, 2-8
Windows Vista
user account control, 1-4
WMSYS administrative user name, 6-9
word sizes, changing, 1-20
X
XDB administrative user name, 6-9
XML data, G-5
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