PARAGON Software GmbH
Heinrich-von-Stephan-Str. 5c  79100 Freiburg, Germany
Tel. +49 (0) 761 59018201  Fax +49 (0) 761 59018130
Internet www.paragon-software.com  Email sales@paragon-software.com
Backup & Recovery™ 15 Home
User Manual
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
2
Contents
Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 4
What’s New in Backup & Recovery 15 ......................................................................................................... 4
Product Components ............................................................................................................. 4
Features Overview................................................................................................................. 4
Features ..................................................................................................................................................... 4
Supported Technologies .............................................................................................................................. 8
Supported File Systems ............................................................................................................................... 8
Supported Media ........................................................................................................................................ 9
Getting Started ...................................................................................................................... 9
System Requirements ................................................................................................................................. 9
Installation ................................................................................................................................................10
First Start ...................................................................................................................................................11
Building Recovery Media............................................................................................................................12
Booting from the Linux/DOS Recovery Media .............................................................................................12
Booting from the WinPE Recovery Media ...................................................................................................16
Basic Concepts ..................................................................................................................... 17
System and Data Protection .......................................................................................................................17
Paragon Hot Processing & Volume Shadow Copy Service ............................................................................23
pVHD Support ............................................................................................................................................24
Dynamic Disks............................................................................................................................................25
GPT versus MBR .........................................................................................................................................26
uEFI Boot Challenges ..................................................................................................................................26
Apple Boot Camp .......................................................................................................................................26
64-bit Support............................................................................................................................................27
Copy Operations ........................................................................................................................................27
Drive Partitioning.......................................................................................................................................27
Scheduling .................................................................................................................................................28
Windows BitLocker ....................................................................................................................................28
Windows Components ........................................................................................................ 29
Interface Overview ....................................................................................................................................29
Settings Overview ......................................................................................................................................35
Viewing Disk Properties .............................................................................................................................51
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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Viewing Image Properties ..........................................................................................................................51
Data Backup and Rescue ............................................................................................................................56
Copy Tasks .................................................................................................................................................65
Partition Management ...............................................................................................................................70
Hard Disk Management .............................................................................................................................85
Task Scheduling .........................................................................................................................................89
Scripting ....................................................................................................................................................93
Extra Functionality .....................................................................................................................................94
Typical Scenarios ............................................................................................................... 110
Backup Scenarios ..................................................................................................................................... 110
Recovery Scenarios .................................................................................................................................. 171
System Migration Scenarios ..................................................................................................................... 220
Hard Disk Utilization ................................................................................................................................ 230
Extra Scenarios for WinPE ........................................................................................................................ 232
How to Work with Bitlocked Volumes ...................................................................................................... 239
Troubleshooter .................................................................................................................. 243
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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Introduction
Paragon Backup & Recovery™ 15 Home is a complex disaster recovery solution. By including into this product the brandnew disk imaging technology that allows backing up directly to virtual containers (pVHD, VHD, VMDK), complete support
of GPT/uEFI configurations, Windows BitLocker and the latest Windows 10, as well as the option to create an advanced
WinPE or Linux based recovery environment on flash or in an ISO-file, the company has offered all the necessary
facilities to build a bullet-proof shield against any disaster.
In this manual you will find the answers to many of the technical questions, which might arise while using the program.
Our company is constantly releasing new versions and updates to its software, that's why
images shown in this manual may be different from what you see on your screen.
What’s New in Backup & Recovery 15

Windows 10 support. Our product supports Microsoft Windows 10.
Product Components
In order to cope with different tasks, the product contains several components:

Windows based set of utilities is the crucial part of the product. With the help of an easy to use launcher you
may find and run tasks of any complexity in the field of data and system protection, hard disk partitioning and
cloning, etc.

Linux/DOS based recovery environment is a multi-platform bootable media that enables to run utilities under
Linux or PTS DOS, and that way to get access to your hard disk for maintenance or recovery purposes. Both
platforms have their strong sides, for instance Linux can boast support of FireWire (i.e. IEEE1394) or USB
devices. It enables to burn CD/DVD discs. However there can be some difficulties with detecting new hardware.
DOS in its turn has no problems of that kind but is limited in features. The Linux/DOS recovery environment
requires no installation and can be of great help when the system fails to boot. Besides it offers a Windows XP
like environment.

WinPE based recovery environment. Especially for keen followers of Windows, our product offers the option to
prepare a WinPE based bootable media. Unlike the Linux/DOS recovery environment it can boast an excellent
hardware support and the same interface as the Windows version can. However its system requirements are
much tougher.
Features Overview
This chapter dwells upon key benefits and technical highlights of the product.
Features
Let us list some of the features:
User Friendly Fault Minimizing Interface

Graphical representation of the data to gain a better understanding.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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
A handy Launcher to easily find and run the required tasks.

Comprehensive wizards to simplify even the most complex operations.

A context sensitive hint system for all functions of the program.

Previewing the resulting layout of hard disks before actually executing operations (so-called virtual
operations).
Backup Facilities

Archive Database to help the user easily manage backup images (get properties, add, delete, mount, etc.).
This feature is only available for the Windows installation of the program.

Available location for backup images:
- Backup to local mounted partitions.
- Backup to local unmounted (without drive letter assigned) partitions.
- Backup to an external mounted storage to provide for a higher level of data protection and system
independence.
- Backup to a special secured place on the hard disk called the Backup Capsule that has an independent system
layout (e.g. a separate partition) and will stay operable should the active file system be damaged. To avoid an
accidental removing or unauthorized access of the backup data, this partition is hidden and thus cannot be
mounted in the operating system.
- Backup to external media (CD/DVD) to guarantee a high level of data protection as long as the backup media is
kept secure.
- Backup to a network drive to stand a better chance of success in case of a hard disk failure.
- Backup to an FTP/SFTP server to provide a new level of system and data protection.

Bootable Backup Capsule to get the choice to launch the Linux or PTS DOS recovery environment every time
you start up the computer. With its help you will be able to run utilities under Linux or PTS DOS, and that way to
get access to your hard disk for maintenance or recovery purposes.
For PBF images:

Smart Backup Wizard to secure system and data with the minimal efforts possible. With a unique intelligent
work algorithm and a highly intuitive user interface, you can easily back up exactly what you need - the whole
system, e-mail databases (MS Outlook, Express, Windows Mail) media files or office documents of the My
Documents folder, or any other files and folders.

Differential backup to a sector image to only archive changes since the last full sector-based image, thus
considerably saving the backup storage space. To restore this kind of backup you will require a full image and
one of its differentials.

Incremental backup to a sector image is a further way of optimizing the process of disk imaging. Unlike
differentials, it may not only contain data changed since the time of creating a full sector-based archive, but one
of its increments as well, thus allowing to save more time and the backup storage. Introduction of a special
index file that stores backup meta-information minimizes time and resources to create this type of archives.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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
Incremental backup to a file image to only archive changes since the last full or incremental file-based image.
An incremental image is smaller and takes less time to create, but you will require the initial full image and all of
its increments to restore the latest point of this kind of backup.

File backup to a sector image. It is a unique technology on the market so far that bridges two principally
different approaches of the data backup: the file-based backup and the disk imaging backup. With its help you
can now create a sector-based backup of your system to get it back on track in minutes in case of a virus attack
or a hardware malfunction and then just make file-based incremental images to the previously created sectorbased backup to keep updated only information that is critical for you. Thus you will considerably save your
system resources.

Cyclic Backup Wizard to automate the backup of separate partitions. It is an ideal option if you want to establish
a self-acting data protection system.
This feature is only available for the Windows installation of the program.

Synthetic backup to change any property (merge a given differential image with its full image, split/un-split,
compress/de-compress, etc.) of an existing backup image without carrying out a physical backup operation.
For virtual containers:

Backup to VD Wizard to protect separate partitions or entire hard disks.

Incremental Backup to VD Wizard to create incremental backup chains based on the full image.

File Complement to VD Wizard to create a file-level incremental update to a sector-level virtual container.

Retention Wizard for VD to automate the backup of separate partitions or entire hard disks. It is an ideal option
if you want to establish a self-acting data protection system.
Restore Facilities

Restore an entire disk, separate partitions or only files you need from the previously created backup image (for
PBF and virtual containers).

Restore with Shrink to restore a backup image to a free block of smaller size taking into account only the
amount of actual data of the image.

Adaptive Restore to successfully migrate a Windows physical system to a different hardware platform (P2P) by
allowing automatic injection of all required drivers and the other actions crucial for a migration of this kind.
This feature is only available for the bootable recovery environment.
Copy Facilities

Partition/hard disk copy to successfully transfer all on-disk information including standard bootstrap code and
other system service structures, thus maintaining the operating system’s working capability.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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Copy functionality can also be used as an alternative way of data protection.
Partition/Hard Disk Management Facilities

Basic functions for initializing, partitioning and formatting hard disks (create, format, delete). Instead of the
standard Windows disk tools, the program supports all popular file systems.

Mount a partition (assign a drive letter) of any file system type to make it available for your operating system.

Modify file system parameters (make active/inactive, hide/unhide, etc.).

Undelete Partitions Wizard to recover an accidentally deleted partition.
Automatization Facilities

Task scheduling to automate routine operations. It can be particularly effective when you have to repeat a
sequence of actions on a regular basis.
Scheduling is only available for the Windows installation of the program.

Scripting to make the program create a script of any set of operations you need. Besides support of all
operations available in the interactive mode, the unattended mode provides some additional features, such as
conditional execution, subroutines, repeatable iterations, disk/partition properties analysis, errors
management, etc.
Auxiliary Facilities

Conversion of basic MBR disks to basic GPT to enjoy all benefits of the newest partitioning scheme with
minimal effort.

File Transfer Wizard to make such operations as transferring of files/directories or burning of them to CD/DVD
as easy and convenient as possible. Providing access to Paragon backups as regular folders, it may also help to
replace corrupted data from a previously created image in case of an operating system failure.

Volume Explorer is a handy tool when you have different file systems on the disk, whether they contain an
operating system or just data. Volume Explorer will let you explore a file system of any type and provide access
to the necessary files and directories regardless of their security attributes.

Check Integrity Wizards to check integrity of created .pbf images and virtual containers. The function allows
distinguishing between valid and corrupted images before using them.

Network Configuration Wizard to establish a network connection on a bootable recovery media either to save a
backup of a partition/hard disk or just several files on a network computer or retrieve a previously made backup
from a network computer for recovery purposes.

Boot Corrector to fix most of the system boot problems that can be a result of a human factor, program error or
a boot virus activity.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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Boot Corrector is only available for the bootable recovery environment.
Supported Technologies
Along with using innovative technologies from outside, Paragon has developed a number of its own original
technologies that make its products unique and attractive for customers:

Paragon Hot Backup™ technology to back up locked partitions and hard disks under Windows NT+ family
operating systems providing both high operating efficiency as well as low hardware requirements.

Paragon Hot Copy™ technology to copy locked partitions and hard disks under Windows NT+ family operating
systems providing both high operating efficiency as well as low hardware requirements.

Paragon Adaptive Restore™ technology to successfully migrate a Windows physical system to a different
hardware platform (P2P).

Paragon Power Shield™ technology to provide data consistency in case of a hardware malfunction, power
outages or an operating system failure.

Paragon UFSD™ technology to browse partitions of any file system including hidden and unmounted, modify
and copy files and folders, etc.

Paragon Restore with Shrink™ technology to restore a backup image to a free block of smaller size taking into
account only the amount of actual data of the image.

Paragon BTE™ technology to set tasks for execution during the system restart, thus saving from the need to use
a bootable media when modifying system partitions.

Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) to provide the copy/backup infrastructure for the Microsoft
Windows XP/Vista/7/Server 2003/2008 operating systems. It offers a reliable mechanism to create consistent
point-in-time copies of data known as shadow copies. Developed by Microsoft in close cooperation with the
leading copy/backup solution vendors on the market, it is based on a snapshot technology concept.

Microsoft Dynamic Disk (simple, spanned, striped, mirrored, RAID-5) to offer more management flexibility
without the partition limitation of basic disks. Dynamic storage can be particularly beneficial for large-scale
businesses when dealing with many physical hard disks involving complex setup.

GUID Partition Table (GPT). It is the next generation of a hard disk partitioning scheme developed to lift
restrictions of the old MBR. GPT disks are now supported by Windows Vista/7, Server 2008, Mac OS X and Linux.
Supported File Systems

Full read/write access to FAT16/FAT32 partitions.

Full read/write access to NTFS (Basic Disks) under Windows, Linux and PTS DOS. Compressed NTFS files are also
supported.

Full read/write access to Ext2FS/Ext3FS/Ext4FS partitions.

Full read/write access to reFS partitions.

Limited read/write access to Apple HFS+ partitions.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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Unfortunately, support of non-Roman characters for the HFS+ file system is unavailable at
the moment. The company is about to implement it in the nearest future.
Supported Media

Support of both MBR and GPT hard disks (2.2TB+ disks included)

IDE, SCSI and SATA hard disks

SSD (Solid State Drive)

AFD (Advanced Format Drive)

Non-512B sector size drives

CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R, DVD+R, DVD-RW, DVD+RW, DVD-R, DVD+R double layer and also Blu-ray discs

FireWire (i.e. IEEE1394), USB 1.0, USB 2.0, USB 3.0 hard disks

PC card storage devices (MBR and GPT flash memory, etc.)
Getting Started
In this chapter you will find all the information necessary to get the product ready to use.
System Requirements
For the Windows installation package

Windows XP SP3

Windows Vista

Windows 7

Windows 8

Windows 8.1

Windows 10
Additional requirements:

To install and run the product the target OS should have Visual Studio C++ 2010 Runtime Library installed
(comes with the installation package – you will be prompted to install it, if it’s not been found in the system).
For the Linux bootable environment

Intel Pentium CPU or its equivalent, with 300 MHz processor clock speed

256 MB of RAM

SVGA video adapter and monitor

Keyboard

Mouse
For the WinPE bootable environment

Intel Pentium III CPU or its equivalent, with 1000 MHz processor clock speed

At least 1 GB of RAM
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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
SVGA video adapter and monitor

Keyboard

Mouse
Additional requirements

Network card to send/retrieve data to/from a network computer

Recordable CD/DVD drive to burn data to compact discs

External USB hard drive to store data.
Installation
Before the installation, please make sure the systems requirements are met. If everything is OK, please do the following
to install the product:
In case there is some previous version of the program installed on the computer, the
program will offer the user to uninstall it first.
1. Click on the supplied setup file to initiate the installation. First your system will be checked for the presence of
Visual Studio C++ 2010 Runtime Library and if not found, you will be prompted to install it (comes with the
installation package). Click Install to continue.
2. The Welcome page will inform that the application is being installed. Click Next to continue.
3. Please Read Paragon License Agreement carefully and then select the appropriate option to accept. Otherwise
you won’t be able to proceed with the installation. By clicking the Print button, the license agreement may also
be printed out.
4. Provide your product key and serial number.
5. On the Customer Information page you are to provide the standard customer information, i.e. a user name and
an organization. Besides you need to decide whether to make the program available for all users of this
computer (if several) or only for the current one.
6. On the next page, click Change to install the utility to a different location (by default C:\Program Files\Paragon
Software\ Paragon Backup & Recovery 15 Home Edition\). Otherwise click Next to continue.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
11
Do not install the program on network drives. Do not use Terminal Server sessions to install
and run the program. In both cases, the program functionality will be limited.
7. On the Ready to Install the Program page click Install to start the installation or Back to return to any of the
previous pages and modify the installation settings.
8. The Final page reports the end of the setup process. Click Finish to complete the wizard.
First Start
To start Paragon Backup & Recovery 15 under Windows, please click the Windows Start button and then select
Programs > Paragon Backup & Recovery™ 15 > Paragon Backup & Recovery™.
The program provides wide opportunities in the field of hard disk structure modification, so
just to be on the safe side, please make a backup of your data before carrying out any
operation.
The first component that will be displayed is called the Express Launcher. Thanks to a well thought-out categorization
and hint system, it provides quick and easy access to wizards and utilities that we consider worth using on a regular
basis. With its help you can also start up the traditional launcher, the help system or go to the program’s home page.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
12
To know more on how to handle the product’s interface and accomplish typical operations,
please consult the Windows Components chapter.
Building Recovery Media
WinPE- and Linux-based recovery environments should be prepared on-site with Paragon’s Recovery Media Builder.
Select Paragon Recovery Media Builder from the Start Menu, Express Launcher or Program Home Menu. To know more
on the subject, please consult documentation that comes with this utility.
Booting from the Linux/DOS Recovery Media
The Linux/DOS recovery environment can be used to boot your computer into Linux or PTS DOS to get access to your
hard disk for maintenance or recovery purposes. It also has the PTS DOS safe mode, which may help in a number of nonstandard situations such as interfering hardware settings or serious problems on the hardware level. In this case, only
basic files and drivers (such as hard disk drivers, a monitor driver, and a keyboard driver) will be loaded.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
13
Startup
To start working with the Linux/DOS recovery environment, please take the following steps:
1. Start up the computer from our Linux/DOS recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Launch a boot mode you need (Normal, Safe, Low-Graphics Safe) in the Boot menu.
By default the Normal Mode will be automatically initiated after a 10 second idle period.
3. Click on the required operation to start. Hints on the selected at the moment item will help you make the right
choice.
4. Consult the help system by pressing ALT+F1 to know more on the subject.
Boot menu
32-bit environment

Normal Mode. Boot into the Linux normal mode. This mode uses the full set of drivers (recommended);

Safe Mode. Boot into the PTS DOS mode. This mode can be used as an alternative of the Linux normal mode if it
fails to work properly;

Low-Graphics Safe Mode. Boot into the PTS DOS safe mode. In this case, only the minimal set of drivers will be
included, like hard disk, monitor, and keyboard drivers. This mode has simple graphics and a simple menu;

Floppy Disk. Reboot the computer from a system floppy disk;

Hard Disk 0. Boot from the primary hard disk;

Find OS(s) on your hard disks. The program will scan hard disks of your computer to find any bootable operating
system.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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64-bit environment

Normal Mode. Boot into the Linux normal mode. This mode uses the full set of drivers (recommended);

Safe Mode. Boot into the PTS DOS mode. This mode can be used as an alternative of the Linux normal mode if it
fails to work properly;

Reboot. Restart the computer.

Power off. Shut down the computer.
While working with the recovery environment you might experience some inconvenience
caused by possible video artifacts. It is just a result of changing video modes and in no way
will affect the program functionality. If this is the case, please wait a bit and everything will
be OK.
Normal Mode
When the Normal mode is selected, the Linux launch menu appears:
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
15

Backup & Recovery (enables to run wizards and dialogs, to specify program settings, to visualize the operating
environment and the hard disk configuration);

Backup to Virtual Disk Wizard (enables to back up hard disk and partitions to VD);

Restore from Virtual Disk Wizard (allows restoring hard disks and partitions from VD);

File Transfer Wizard (allows coping files/folders to another disk or a partition as well as recording them to
CD/DVD);

Boot Corrector (helps to correct the Windows System Registry without Windows being loaded);

Network Configurator (enables to establish a network connection under Linux);
If you are going to use network resources, first launch the Network Configuration Wizard to
establish a network connection.

Log Saver (helps to collect and send the necessary log files to the Technical Support);

Eject CD/DVD;

Command Line (allows experienced users to execute any operation);

Reboot the computer;

Power off the computer.
To move within the menu, please use the arrow keys of the computer keyboard.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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Safe Mode
When the Safe mode is selected, the PTS DOS launch menu appears. It has nearly the same functionality as for the
Normal mode except for the Network Configurator and Log Saver commands. Besides due to certain limitations of the
PTS DOS environment, there is no possibility to burn CD/DVD discs.
Low Graphics Safe Mode
When the Low Graphics mode is selected, the PTS DOS launch menu appears. It has the same functionality and looks
similar to the Safe mode but graphically simpler.
Booting from the WinPE Recovery Media
The WinPE recovery environment can be a real alternative to the Linux/DOS recovery environment. Providing nearly the
same level of functionality it offers an excellent hardware support and the same interface as the Windows version does.
Startup
To start working with the WinPE recovery environment, please take the following steps:
1. Start up the computer from the WinPE recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Once it has been loaded, you will see the Universal Application Launcher. In general it enables to run
components of the product, load drivers for undefined hardware or establish a network connection.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
17
3. Click on the required operation to start. Hints on the selected at the moment item will help you make the right
choice.
4. Consult the help system by pressing ALT+F1 to know more on the subject.
The WinPE based recovery environment offers excellent hardware support. However in
case it doesn’t have a driver for your disk controller, your hard disks will be unavailable.
Please consult the Adding specific drivers scenario to know how to tackle this issue.
Basic Concepts
This chapter explains terms and ideas that show how the program works. To understand these helps to obtain a general
notion of the operation performance and makes it easier for the user to operate the program.
System and Data Protection
The data protection issue is a growing cause of worrying for more and more people today. Indeed, it is hardly to find a
person who will be particularly happy when all precious information on the hard disk is irreversible lost as a result of its
malfunction. So how this tragedy can be prevented?
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
18
File Backup versus Sector Backup
Since the advent of the computer age people were in the search of ways to guarantee data safety. As a result we’ve got
now two principal approaches: the file-based backup and the sector-based backup. The main difference between the
two lies in the way data is treated.
A sector-based backup operates with an image (or a snapshot) of the whole disk system or its separate partitions. It not
only includes the contents of all user-made files, but additionally contains the exact structure of directories, information
about file allocation, file attributes and other related data. Thus it enables to successfully process system or encrypted
partitions of any file system type, no matter what kind of information they contain.
In contrast, a file-based backup takes into account a file system structure and only functions on a file or folder level. So
it is very efficient when archiving separate files or folders, but in no way will help you back up a system partition.
You should understand pretty well that each of the two approaches is only good when properly chosen. In the
comparison table below you can see when this or that approach will suit you at most.
Sector-Based Backup
File-Based Backup
Merits
It does not dependent on a particular file system.
Thus it can successfully process system or
encrypted partitions of any file system type, no
matter what kind of information they contain.
Functioning on a file/folder level, it is ideal for
archiving separate files or folders.
It can create an exact image of a partition,
including its service data. Thus it is ideal for a
backup/restore of a system partition or a fast
deployment to a bunch of identical computers.
It enables to automatically build up contents of
the future backup image by using an advanced
system of filters.
It allows archiving data of the same volume with
different backup policies.
It is easy and efficient when creating backup
chains.
Demerits
Resulted backup images may contain a lot of
redundant data.
It depends on a file system structure, so you
won’t be able to process unknown file systems.
It is ineffective when trying to maintain a backup
chain, especially when little amount of data is
being changed.
It cannot be used to back up a system partition.
It is much slower when processing large amount
of data.
Backup Types
At the present moment the market is offering various types of backup imaging to meet the needs of any user. Besides
supporting them all, our program offers a unique backup type, called File Increment to a Sector Backup.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
19
Full, Differential, and Incremental Sector Backups
A full sector-based backup image includes all contents of a partition or a hard disk at the moment of its creation. If you
roll back your system to the initial state on a regular basis, that’s exactly what you’re looking for. But if you want to have
multiple backup archives of the same partition reflecting certain time stamps, unchanged data will inevitable be
duplicated in all archives and take additional space on backup media. To tackle this issue there has been developed a
supplementary technique called Differential Sector Backup.
A differential archive only contains data changed since the time of creating a full archive, which forms a base (or a
parental image) in this case, thus considerably saving your system resources. It is realized by the exact bit-wise
comparison of the previous partition's data (saved in the parental image) with the current data (that is actually the
partition itself). To restore this kind of backup you will require a full image and one of its differentials, what is very
convenient.
This function is only available for single primary and logical partitions.
Incremental archive is a further way of optimizing the process of disk imaging. Unlike differentials, it may not only
contain data changed since the time of creating a full sector-based archive, but one of its increments as well, thus
allowing to save more time and the backup storage. The main principal here is the shorter the interval between
increments, the less data is backed up. In general this type of backup is great except for one thing – when you restore an
incremental archive there will be processed the initial full image and all increments between, which depending on the
size of your backup chain, may take plenty of time. Anyway unlike backups, the restore operation is an emergency,
which might not happen at all.
Paragon’s incremental sector-based archive employs an innovative technology that significantly improves the backup
performance. Its core is in introduction of a special index file (.pfi) that keeps meta-information on the corresponding
incremental image. It’s much smaller than the image itself and is used to calculate the difference between the current
and previous state of a backup object. Thus, when you’re going to do an increment to a full archive of your system
partition stored on the network, only its index file is processed over the net (a couple of megabytes at most), not the
entire image, which minimizes both, the network traffic and backup time. Another new thing is change of a backup
format – all increments are saved in .vhd (Virtual Hard Drive) containers.
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Please note that the current version of the product has a number of limitations regarding sector-based increments:

Increments can only be created for full archives of the new type (with a .pfi index file). Any of our flagship
products since Backup & Recovery 12 supports this functionality;

Increments can only be created for full archives stored on a local mounted drive or a network share;

Increments cannot be created for archives of entire GPT disks;

Increments can only be restored under Windows (if no restart is needed) or WinPE;

Increments cannot be processed with the Synthetic Backup Wizard;

Increments cannot be processed with the Check Archive Integrity Wizard;

Increments cannot be processed with the Create File Complement Wizard;

Increments cannot be browsed in Volume Explorer;

Increments can only be used with our software;

Increments cannot be compressed;

Increments cannot be encrypted;

Increments cannot be split.
Full and Incremental File Backups
A full file-based archive only contains files and folders. It is really efficient when backing up an e-mail database or
particular documents, as no redundant data is processed. But if you care about maintaining a files history, you can
benefit from one more supplementary technique called Incremental File Backup.
An incremental archive only contains data changed since the time of creating a full or incremental file-based archive. It
is smaller and takes less time to create, but you will require the initial full image and all of its increments to restore the
latest point of this kind of backup.
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File Increment to a Sector Backup
File Increment to a Sector Backup is a unique technology on the market so far that bridges two principally different
approaches of the data backup: the file-based backup and the sector-based backup. With its help you can now create a
sector-based backup of your system to get it back on track in minutes in case of a virus attack or a hardware malfunction
and then just make file-based incremental images to the previously created sector-based backup to keep updated only
information that is critical for you. Thus you will considerably save your system resources.
Backup Storage
Our program supports several techniques of storing backup images. Let’s take a closer look at them all to understand
what kind of storage is able to provide better security:

You can place a backup image to a local partition. Despite the fact that it is the most convenient way, try not to
use it. You can delete your backup just by accident or lose it as a result of a hardware malfunction, or a virus
attack;

You can place a backup image to an external mounted storage to provide for a higher level of data protection
and system independence;

You can place a backup image to a special secured place on the hard disk called the Backup Capsule that has an
independent system layout (e.g. a separate partition) and will stay operable should the active file system be
damaged. To avoid an accidental removing or unauthorized access of the backup data, this partition is hidden
and thus cannot be mounted in the operating system. However it won’t help you in case of a hardware
malfunction;

You can place a backup image to external media (CD/DVD) to guarantee a high level of data protection as long
as the backup media is kept secure;

You can place a backup image to a network drive to stand a better chance of success in case of a hard disk
failure. Moreover, by storing it on a special-purpose server you may be pretty sure nothing will happen to it;

Finally you can place a backup image to an FTP server to provide a new level of system and data protection.
Known Issues on FTP/SFTP
1. You need to check out yourself Windows Firewall or programs of this kind let our program work with the
required port (21 by default).
2. You cannot restore data selectively (with Restore Wizard) from an FTP/SFTP server.
3. You can browse an FTP server in the passive mode only.
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4. Parallel access to several FTP/SFTP servers is limited - only one password for all servers is available.
Adaptive Restore
Technology Background
Windows family operating systems are notorious for their excessive sensibility to hardware, especially when it turns to
replacement of such a crucial device as HDD controller or motherboard – actually Windows will most likely fail to boot
as a result of this operation.
In 2008 our company came with an exclusive technology called Paragon Adaptive Restore™. Initially aimed at restore of
Windows Vista or Server 2008 from a backup to a different hardware configuration, its current realization, available in
the P2P Adjust OS Wizard, enables to make any Windows OS since XP bootable on dissimilar hardware by allowing
automatic injection of all required drivers and the other actions crucial for this type of migration.
Technology Concept
Let’s take a closer look at how Paragon Adaptive Restore works.
As you see, successful migration of a Windows system to a different hardware platform involves several actions:
1. Change of the Windows kernel settings according to the new configuration. The program detects the given
hardware profile and automatically installs the appropriate Windows HAL and kernel.
2. Installation of drivers for boot critical devices. The program detects those without drivers and automatically
tries to install lacking drivers from the built-in Windows repository. If there’s no driver in the repository, it
prompts the user to set a path to an additional driver repository, strongly recommending not to proceed until all
drivers for the found boot critical devices are installed. In case drivers for these devices are installed, but
disabled, they will be enabled.
3. Installation of drivers for a PS/2 mouse and keyboard. This action will only be accomplished for Windows
XP/Server 2003.
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4. Installation of drivers for network cards. The program detects those without drivers and automatically tries to
install lacking drivers from the built-in Windows repository. If there’s no driver in the repository, it prompts the
user to set a path to an additional driver repository.
These actions guarantee a Windows system will start up on dissimilar hardware. After the startup, Windows will initiate
reconfiguration of all Plug'n'Play devices. It’s a standard procedure, so please don’t worry and prepare the latest drivers
at this step to get the most out of the system.
Though all Windows systems have built-in driver repositories, please be prepared to have
additional drivers when dealing with Windows XP/Server 2003, because for these systems
they are very modest.
Technology Application
Let’s consider a number of situations when the Adaptive Restore technology can help you out:

If you need to migrate to a different hardware platform with minimal effort

If you need to upgrade hardware while keeping all programs and settings intact

If you need to replace failed hardware and cannot find an exact match for original system specifications
Known Issues
1. After transferring Microsoft Vista and later versions to different hardware, you will need to re-activate license of
the system. It’s normal behavior as these systems keep tracking any change of hardware. Re-activation is legally
justified in this case, as you transfer your system to another PC.
2. If you’ve installed several operating systems on one partition, we can only add drivers to the latest version of
OS. Microsoft highly recommends that you install an operating system on a separate partition.
3. Please note drivers are not cached during selection. That’s why if you select a driver to add to the system, but
it’s already unavailable during the operation, the program will end the operation with an error.
Paragon Hot Processing & Volume Shadow Copy Service
Offline versus Online Data Processing
In the course of time there have been developed various methods of data processing. Despite different work concept,
all of them can be divided into two principal groups: offline (cold) and online (hot) data processing techniques.
As the name infers, offline data processing can only be accomplished when the data is in consistent state (the operating
system and all the applications are completely shut down). Actually it is the most preferable way of image creation or
data cloning, since software can obtain an exclusive right to process data that guaranties high level of operating
efficiency. However, the offline data processing is absolutely out of question when dealing with 24/7 production
environments.
In contrast, online data processing enables to create a consistent snapshot even as the data is currently modified. It is
particularly useful for systems with high availability requirements, but it won’t be accomplished until all active
transactions are complete. The point is to provide a coherent state of all open files and databases involved in a process,
taking into account that applications may still keep writing to disks. As a result an online data processing cannot boast
high operating speed.
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Our program supports both offline and online methods of data processing. As far as online method is concerned it offers
its own hot processing algorithm together with the possibility to use snapshot technologies provided by the Microsoft
VSS framework.
Paragon Hot Processing Technology
Paragon Hot Processing is an online copy/backup technology for Windows NT+ family operating systems. Developed
back in 2001, nowadays it is integrated with all copy/backup solutions offered by the company.
Paragon Hot Processing is not exactly a snapshot technology, though it has much in common with it. During an online
copy/backup, the program uses the kernel mode driver HOTCORE.SYS to intercept and control disk write activity of
applications and the operating system. The hotcore driver as an integral part of the program is installed during the setup
procedure (that’s why the system reboot is required to complete the setup procedure). For the most part the driver is in
the idle mode until it is activated with the program. While in this mode it bypasses any calls having no effect on the
overall system performance, but a few kilobytes of the system memory.
Paragon Hot Processing technology offers copy/backup of locked partitions and hard disks under Windows NT+ family
operating systems providing both high operating efficiency as well as low hardware requirements.
It is not recommended to use Paragon Hot Processing with active SQL Server, Exchange or
Oracle databases since the backup image contents may be corrupted.
Volume Shadow Copy Service
Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) is designed to provide the copy/backup infrastructure for the Microsoft
Windows XP/Vista/Server 2003/2008 operating systems. It offers a reliable mechanism to create consistent point-intime copies of data known as shadow copies. Developed by Microsoft in close cooperation with the leading
copy/backup solution vendors on the market, it is based on a snapshot technology concept.
Initiated by a VSS aware copy/backup utility, VSS creates snapshots for the selected volumes and represents them as
virtual read-only devices, called volume shadow copies. Once the shadow copies are created, the copy/backup utility
starts processing the data while applications keep writing to original volumes.
Unlike Paragon Hot Processing the VSS technology provides a unique possibility to make a synchronous snapshot of
multiple volumes. This very feature can be particularly beneficial when backing up active SQL Server 2003, Exchange
2003 or Oracle databases located on multiple volumes the way it is recommended by Microsoft to improve the level of
database performance and reliability, thus providing 100-percent data consistency.
To use VSS it is necessary to have a mounted 300 MB+ NTFS partition.
pVHD Support
Paragon introduces a pVHD (Paragon Virtual Hard Drive) format – a special VHD, optimized for storing backups of virtual
and physical machines. It’s very efficient in handling incremental chains, data de-duplication and synchronization. pVHD
allows obtaining backups that are up to four times smaller than original backup objects.
In the current version of the product backup images can be made either in the old PBF or the new pVHD. Please note
that the pVHD support has a promotional goal. In future releases pVHD will gradually take the primary role.
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Below is the list of wizards that allow working with pVHD:

Backup to VD Wizard (Linux, Windows, WinPE);

Incremental Backup to VD Wizard (Linux, Windows, WinPE);

File Complement to VD Wizard (Linux, Windows, WinPE);

Restore from VD Wizard (Linux, Windows, WinPE);

Check VD Integrity Wizard (Windows, WinPE);

Retention Wizard for VD (Windows).
What you get by using pVHD:

Incremental imaging works much faster and rock-stable in comparison with the old PBF;

Only pVHD images can be used to do immediate virtualization;

With the new backup technology, available for customers as a new backup image format pVHD, Paragon has
also achieved easy support of any virtual containers (VMDK, VHD, and VHDX).
Dynamic Disks
As you probably know, MS-DOS, Microsoft Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP/Vista/Server 2003/2008 support four
primary partitions per physical hard disk, one of which can be extended. Certainly there is the possibility to create
logical drives within the extended partition. Such types of disks are called basic. Windows XP Professional, Windows
2000, Windows Vista and Windows Server 2003/2008 follow the same strategy: You can have a maximum of four
primary partitions, one of which can be an extended partition with logical drives. However, these operating systems also
introduce a new disk configuration type - dynamic disk - which must be understood to effectively configure and manage
hard disks.
Dynamic disk is a physical disk that doesn't use partitions or logical drives. Instead, it contains only dynamic volumes.
Regardless of what format you use for the file system, only Win2K computers can access dynamic volumes directly.
However, computers that aren't running Win2K can access the dynamic volumes remotely when connected to the
shared folders over the network.
Dynamic disks can co-exist on a system with basic disks. The only limitation is that you cannot mix Basic and Dynamic
disks on the same hard drive.
There are five types of dynamic volumes: simple (uses free space from a single disk), spanned (created from free disk
space that is linked together from multiple disks), striped (a volume the data of which is interleaved across two or more
physical disks), mirrored (a fault-tolerant volume the data of which is duplicated on two physical disks, and RAID-5
volumes (a fault-tolerant volume the data of which is striped across an array of three or more disks).
With dynamic storage, you can perform disk and volume management without the need to restart Windows.
Limitations:

Dynamic disks are not supported on portable computers.

Dynamic disks are not supported on Windows XP Home Edition-based computers.

You cannot create mirrored volumes or RAID-5 volumes on Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP
Professional, or Windows XP 64-Bit Edition-based computers.
Thus, the dynamic disk is a new way of looking at hard disk configuration. Dynamic disks offer you more management
flexibility without the partition limitation of basic disks. Dynamic disks can contain an unlimited number of volumes, but
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they cannot contain partitions or logical drives. Dynamic storage can be particularly beneficial for large-scale businesses
when dealing with many physical hard disks involving complex setup.
GPT versus MBR
GUID Partition Table (GPT) is the next generation of a hard disk partitioning scheme developed to lift restrictions of the
old MBR. Being a part of the Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI) standard proposed by Intel to replace the outdated PC
BIOS, it offers a number of crucial benefits:

Up to 128 primary partitions for the Windows implementation (only 4 in MBR);

The maximum allowed partition size is 18 exabytes (only 2 terabytes in MBR);

More reliable thanks to replication and cyclic redundancy check (CRC) protection of the partition table;

A well defined and fully self-identifying partition format (data critical to the platform operation is located in
partitions, but not in un-partitioned or hidden sectors as this is the case with MBR)
uEFI Boot Challenges
Introduced back in 2005 by Intel to lift restrictions of the old MBR (Master Boot Record) and PC BIOS (Basic
Input/Output System), uEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) is now a recommended platform for new 64-bit
Windows 8 / 10 computers. And the reason is easy to catch – besides other unique features impossible for the
traditional tandem of BIOS+MBR, only a uEFI-based platform enables to accommodate Windows OS on a partition larger
than 2.2TB.
Despite all uEFI advantages however, it has one quite naughty issue: a pretty standard operation with a bootable device
for instance involving its connection to another SATA port results in unbootable Windows. You’ll get the same result if
trying to boot from a cloned system hard disk or from a restored hard disk. All these problems originate from the way
uEFI+GPT bundle is organized.
Microsoft provides how-to guides to tackle this type of problems, but they demand a great deal of experience from the
user, involving the use of the cmd, diskpart, and bcdedit tools.
Paragon has a better way! Introducing an elegant technology, realized at the user side as one simple option, you can
define a system GPT volume you’re willing to boot from.
Below is a list of wizards where the uEFI switch boot device option can be found:

Copy Hard Disk Wizard;

Copy Partition Wizard;

Restore Wizard;

Migrate OS to SSD Wizard;

Boot Corrector.
The uEFI switch boot device option is only available through the 64-bit WinPE media at the
moment.
Apple Boot Camp
Boot Camp is a special utility to help you set up a dual boot system (Mac OS X and 64-bit Windows 7 and upper) on
Intel-based Macs. It enables to securely re-partition your hard disk (resize an existing HFS+ partition to create a separate
partition for Windows) and then launch the installation process. With Boot Camp all the necessary drivers will be at your
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disposal. Moreover after Windows has been installed it will serve as a boot manager to choose what operating system
to start up.
It is strongly recommended not to modify the hard disk configuration with Windows Disk
Manager. Otherwise it may lead to unexpected consequences, right up to BSOD and
inability to boot in Windows XP/Vista. Please use our program to correctly update both
MBR and GPT.
64-bit Support
The bulk of software today is written for a 32-bit processor. It can meet the requirements of almost any end user.
However that is not the case when dealing with servers processing large amounts of data with complex calculations of
very large numbers. That is where 64-bit architecture comes into play.
It can boast improved scalability for business applications that enables to support more customer databases and more
simultaneous users on each server. Besides a 64-bit kernel can access more system resources, such as memory
allocation per user. A 64-bit processor can handle over 4 billion times more memory addresses than a 32-bit processor.
With these resources, even a very large database can be cached in memory.
Although many business applications run without problems on 32-bit systems, others have grown so complex that they
use up the 4 GB memory limitation of a 32-bit address space. With this large amount of data, fewer memory resources
are available to meet memory needs. On a 64-bit server, most queries are able to perform in the buffers available to the
database.
Some 32-bit applications make the transition to the 64-bit environment seamlessly others do not. For instance, systemlevel utilities and programs that provide direct hardware access are likely to fail. Our program offers a full-fledged
support of the 64-bit architecture providing fault-tolerant work for such system dependent modules as Hot Processing.
Copy Operations
Hard drive duplication nowadays is becoming highly popular among PC users. That is due to some definite advantages it
can offer. First of all, many people clone hard disks just to back up data for security reasons. The present day copy
utilities enable to successfully transfer all on-disk information including standard bootstrap code and other system
service structures, thus maintaining the operating system’s working capability. In case of a system malfunction, the user
can get the system back on track in minutes. No additional configuration is required, what is very convenient.
The second possible application is the upgrade of a hard disk to a new one. The capacity of a modern hard drive doubles
every two years, thus opening up new possibilities for software developers. As a result programs become more
complicated and require considerable amount of free space. One day the user realizes that there is no more free space
left on the hard disk and the only way out is to upgrade. Usually that means that besides purchasing a new hard disk,
the user is to face a large re-installation procedure spanning several days of tedious work. But all of this can be avoided
just by copying the contents of the old hard disk to a new one proportionally resizing the partitions.
And the last but not least is the copying of hard disks for cloning purposes. It may be of great use when setting up
similar computers. There is no need for a system administrator to install an operating system from scratch on every one
of them. It is enough just to configure one and then clone it to the others.
Drive Partitioning
As you probably know a hard drive is to be split into one or more partitions, since it cannot hold data until it is carved up
and space is set aside for an operating system. Until recently most PCs used to have just one partition, which filled the
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entire hard disk and contained an OS. The situation has changed however, thanks to new cost-effective high capacity
hard drives, thus opening up numerous possibilities for PC users, such as editing video, archiving music, backing up CD
images, etc. Huge increase in space is great, but it poses a number of problems, most important of which are effective
data organization and speed.
Large drives are always going to take longer to search than smaller volumes, and an operating system is going to have its
work cut out both finding and organizing files. It is for this reason that many people decide to invest in multiple hard
drives, but there is an easy solution – drive partitioning. Partitioning lets you divide a single physical drive into a number
of logical drives, each of which serves as a container with its own drive letter and volume label, thus enabling the
operating system to process data more efficiently. Besides partitioning makes it possible to organize data so that it is
easy to find and manage. You can set aside, for instance, 40 GB of a 160 GB hard drive for the OS, 70 GB for storing
video and another 50 GB for your favorite music collections to provide transparent data storage.
It is also worth mentioning to that with a hard drive properly partitioned, such routine operations as files defragmentation or consistency check will not be that annoying and time-consuming any more.
By detaching the OS from the rest of the data you can tackle one more crucial issue – in case of a system malfunction,
you can get the system back on track in minutes by recovering it from a backup image located on the other partition of
the hard drive.
But that is not all drive partitioning may be used for. If you are willing to play games in Windows while browsing the
Internet in Linux, 100-percent sure that no virus will attack your PC, drive partitioning is a necessity. In order to run
several OSs on a single hard drive you are to create a corresponding number of partitions to effectively delineate the
boundaries of each OS.
Scheduling
The automation of operations is particularly effective when you have to repeat a sequence of actions on a regular basis.
For example, developing a specific project on a day-to-day basis and having to make a backup every evening so as not to
lose the valuable data, you will really appreciate, when this kind of routine operations will be carried out automatically
without your participation.
Another aspect of any automation process is that it allows an optimization of your computer’s work-load. This is
especially important when operations require a considerable amount of computer resources – processor time, memory
and more. A number of tasks, which can decrease the performance, can be run during the night or whenever the
computer has the least work-load to perform.
The program has a special tool for scheduling. You can set out a timetable for any operation and it will start at a
specified time without interrupting your current activity.
Windows BitLocker
BitLocker is a security feature that enables to protect data of your volumes with 128/256-bit AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) encryption. It has first appeared in Windows Vista Enterprise and Vista Ultimate to protect contents of hard
disks from offline attacks for instance, when your hard disk is stolen and connected to another computer to retrieve
data it contains.
Our product enables to work with volumes encrypted by BitLocker, but only when they are unlocked. Until that locked
volumes will be recognized in the program’s interface as ‘Not formatted’. You can unlock this type of volumes only
through Windows-native facilities:

Graphical user interface for Windows,

manage-bde command line tool for Windows and the WinPE recovery media.
To know more on the subject, please consult the How to Work with Bitlocked Volumes chapter.
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In the current version of our product the following operations are allowed to accomplish on volumes encrypted by
BitLocker:

Backup Partition;

Restore Partition;

Copy Partition;

Delete Partition;

Change Volume Label;

Add/Remove Drive Letter;

Hide/Unhide Partition;

Mark Partition as Active/Inactive;

Change Serial Number;

Change Partition ID;

Test Surface;

Check File System Integrity;

Properties.
Windows Components
In the given section you can find all the information necessary to successfully work with the Windows version of the
product.
Interface Overview
This chapter introduces the graphical interface of the program. The design of the interface precludes any mistake being
made on the part of the user. Most operations are performed through the system of wizards. Buttons and menus are
accompanied by easy understandable icons. Nevertheless, any problems that might occur while managing the program
can be tackled by reading this very chapter.
General Layout
When you start the program, the first component that is displayed is called the Launcher. It enables to run wizards and
dialogs, to specify program settings, to visualize the operating environment and the hard disk configuration.
The Launcher’s window can be conditionally subdivided into several sections that differ in their purpose and
functionality:
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1. Home Button
2. Ribbon Panel
3. Set View Button
4. Virtual Operations Bar
5. Express Mode Button
6. Disk Map
7. Disk and Partitions List
8. Context-sensitive Menu
9. Properties Panel
10. Status Bar
A number of panels offer similar functionality with a synchronized layout. The program enables to conceal some of them
to simplify the interface management.
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Home Button
By clicking on this button the user can:

Launch auxiliary wizards,

Get access to the program settings,

Collect and send a log files package to the Support Team,

Go to Paragon’s website to download a free update, register the product, visit Paragon’s Knowledge Base, etc.
Ribbon Panel
An area across the top of the program’s window is called the Ribbon Panel. It makes almost all the product capabilities
available to the user in a single place. A Ribbon Tab is an area on the panel that contains buttons organized in groups by
functionality. Each button corresponds to a certain program wizard or dialog.
If you’d like to hide all ribbon tabs, click on the arrow button at the right top corner of the
program window.
Set View Button
You can adjust the working environment by choosing one of two predefined views: general and legacy. This division is
quite logical, allowing the user to filter out legacy wizards and dialogs that have to do with the old PBF backup format.
Please note that the legacy mode is not active by default.
Virtual Operations Bar
The program supports previewing the resulting layout of hard disks before actually executing operations (so-called
virtual mode of execution). In fact, when the virtual mode is enabled, the program does not accomplish operations
immediately, but places them on the List of Pending Operations for later execution.
The Virtual Operations Bar enables to manage pending operations.
BUTTON FUNCTIONALITY
Cancel the last virtual operation on the List of Pending Operations
Cancel the last undo virtual operation on the List of Pending Operations
Display the List of Pending Operations
Launch the real execution of virtual operations
Cancel all virtual operations on the List of Pending Operations
Generate a script out of all pending operations
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Schedule pending operations
Virtual mode is an effective way of protection from any troubles, since no operations will
be executed until clicking the Apply button for confirmation, thus giving a second chance to
weigh all pros and cons of this or that particular operation. The program politely reminds
the user that there are unsaved changes by showing the following window:
Express Mode Button
By clicking on this button the user can switch to the express mode of operation at any time.
Disk Map
As the name infers, the Disk Map displays the layout of physical and logical disks. Physical disks are represented with
rectangle bars that contain small-sized bars. These small-sized bars represent logical disks. Their color depends on the
file system of the appropriate partition. By looking at the size of the bar’s shaded area it is possible to estimate the used
disk space. For the selected at the moment object there’s the possibility to call a context-sensitive popup menu with
available operations.
Large-sized bars display the following information about physical disks:

Type (basic or dynamic MBR/GPT),

Manufacturer,

Model.
Small-sized bars display the following information about logical disks and blocks of free space:

Volume label (if exists),

Drive letter,

Total size,

File system.
The Disk Map is synchronized with the Context-sensitive Menu and the Properties Panel. Thus by selecting a disk on the
map, the two will automatically display detailed information on it. To know more on the subject, please consult the
Viewing Disk Properties chapter.
Since the Disk Map and the Disk and Partitions List have the same purpose, the user is
allowed to extend only one at the moment by using a corresponding arrow button.
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Disk and Partitions List
The Disk and Partitions List is another helpful tool that helps to get a clear-cut picture on the current state of the system
hard disks and partitions. All objects (disks, partitions, or blocks of free space) on the list are sorted according to their
starting position. For every item there is the possibility to call a context-sensitive popup menu with available operations.
The Disk and Partitions List provides detailed information on all hard disks and partitions found in the system including
the following properties:
- Name,
- Volume label (if exists),
- Drive letter,
- File system type,
- Volume size,
- Amount of used and unused (free) space,
- Active/Inactive attribute,
- Hidden/Unhidden attribute.
The Disk and Partitions List is synchronized with the Context-sensitive Menu and the Properties Panel. Thus by selecting
a disk on the list, the two will automatically display detailed information on it. To know more on the subject, please
consult the Viewing Disk Properties chapter.
Since the Disk Map and the Disk and Partitions List have the same purpose, the user is
allowed to extend only one at the moment by using a corresponding arrow button.
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Context-sensitive Menu
The Context-sensitive Menu shows a list of operations available for an object (disk, partition, or block of free space)
selected either on the Disk Map or the Disk and Partitions List. If you click a corresponding record the appropriate
wizard or dialog will be started. All default values for the operation parameters will correspond to the object’s settings.
If there too many items on the list, type in the first word of the required command in the Search commands field to
filter the list.
Properties Panel
The Properties Panel provides information on the object (disk, partition, or block of free space) selected either on the
Disk Map or the Disk and Partitions List.
The Properties Panel helps to obtain the following data:
For a hard disk

Model,
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
Serial number,

Type of hard disk (basic or dynamic MBR/GPT),

Total size (in GB),

Information on geometry of the disk (amount of sectors per track, heads and cylinders).
For a partition

Drive letter assigned to the disk,

Volume label (if exists),

Type of the logical disk,

File system,

Root entries,

Serial number,

NTFS version,

Partition ID,

Total size, used space and free space (in GB), etc.
Besides you can modify practically any partition property by clicking on the required value.
For a block of free space

Total size (in GB).
Status Bar
This is the bottom part of the main window. The Status Bar displays menu hints, for each item the cursor points to.
Settings Overview
To call the Settings dialog, please click Home Button, then select Settings. All the settings are grouped into several
sections, which functions are described in the following paragraphs. The list of sections is placed on the left side of the
dialog. By selecting a section from the list, you can open a set of options.
To get a detailed description to any setting, control, or field of the program just click the
hint button and then the object you need.
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Application Section
CD/DVD/BD recording options
This section contains a set of options that will be taken into account during CD/DVD/BD burn operations:

Burn every CD/DVD/BD to the end. By default, the program does not create ISO 9660 compliant burning
sessions, as it processes data on-the-fly and can only estimate the resulted session size. That’s why no third
party tool will get access to the recorded data. To tackle the issue, mark the checkbox to make the program
create a standard Disk-at-Once session. It may slow down the burning process, as every CD/DVD/BD will be
recorded up to the end, no matter how much actual information to contain.

Recording speed. The user may define how fast a CD/DVD/BD will be recorded (minimum, normal and
maximum). Besides there is an automatic mode when the program will set the most appropriate speed for
every CD/DVD/BD.

Bootable ISO image. That’s the image to be placed together with the backup data. By default, the program
offers its own bootable ISO image, which contains a Linux/DOS recovery environment. However, the user is free
to use any bootable ISO image.

CD/DVD/BD boot capability. The program enables to choose whether any recorded CD/DVD/BD will be
bootable, or only the first one for a session, or without that function at all.

Folder where the ISO image is to be placed. When the user decides not to physically burn a CD/DVD/BD, but
create an ISO image file, this very folder will be used to contain these images.
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FTP sites options
In this section you can manage online backup storages located on FTP or SFTP servers. By clicking on available buttons,
you can create, modify, delete an FTP/SFTP location, etc.
To create an FTP/SFTP location, you’ve got to specify a number of options:

Use SFTP connection. Mark the option to connect to the desired SFTP server if necessary;

Address. Type in an address to the desired server;

Port. Specify the required port (21 for FPT and 22 for SFTP by default);

Anonymous login. Mark the option to set up anonymous connection. Typical username for this type of login is
“anonymous”;

Use Active Mode (only for FTP). Mark the option if your provider requires this type of authentication;

Allow Open SSH key-based authentication (only for SFTP). If your provider requires this type of authentication,
mark the option to specify public and private keys and a passphrase;

Login. Enter a login;

Password. Enter a password. Click Remember password to save it next time you back up to this location;

Name. By default, the program uses the provided address as the connection name, which can be modified
however.
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You need to check out yourself Windows Firewall or programs of this kind let our program
work with the required port (21 for FTP and 22 for SFTP by default).
By clicking the Connect button the provided location will be checked. If ok, you’ll get a new item on the list named after
this location. By clicking the + icon you can browse it to specify a more exact location for your backups.
Virtual mode options
In this section you may configure the virtual mode:

Allow virtual mode. Mark the checkbox to enable the virtual mode. It is an effective way of protection from any
troubles, since no operation will be executed until confirmation, thus giving you a second chance to weigh all
pros and cons of this or that particular operation.
We strongly recommend you to enable this mode.

Close progress dialog automatically. Mark the checkbox to automatically close the progress dialog after
accomplishing operations.
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39
Backup Section
Backup image options
This section contains a set of options that will be taken into account during backup/restore operations:

Control archive integrity. Mark the checkbox to guarantee that all backup images created with the program are
100 percent flawless. If you decided not to control the archive integrity, the backup operation would take about
3-5% less time.

Set image file names automatically. Mark the checkbox to make the program automatically set a file name for
every volume of a complex backup image. Otherwise you will need to do it manually during the backup
operation.

Compression level. From the pull-down list you can select the desired compression level for backup images that
will be used by default.

Enable image splitting. Mark the checkbox to automatically split every backup image to volumes of a particular
size.
Splitting images enables to tackle problems caused by a maximum file size limitation of
some file systems.

Maximum split size. With the spinner control you can specify a maximum size for backup volumes.
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General copy and backup options
This section contains a set of options that will be taken into account during copy and backup operations:

HDD raw processing. Mark the checkbox to copy/back up a hard disk in the sector-by-sector mode, thus
ignoring its information structure (e.g. unallocated space or unused sectors of existing partitions will be
processed as well). This can help to avoid problems with hidden data created by certain applications or the
system administrator. However, it will take more time to accomplish the operation.

Partition raw processing. Mark the checkbox to copy a partition in the sector-by-sector mode to successfully
process unknown file systems. However it is not recommended to enable this option when working with
supported file systems as it takes more time to accomplish the operation.

Skip OS auxiliary files. Mark the checkbox to skip OS auxiliary files (like pagefile.sys, hiberfil.sys, etc.), thus
reducing the operation time and the resulted size of the backup image.

Skip archive files stored in archive library. Mark the checkbox to skip backup images registered in the archive
database, thus reducing the operation time and the resulted size of the backup image.

Automatic BCD Update. Unmark the checkbox to suppress automatic update of BCD (Boot Configuration Data)
after copy/restore operations.
By clicking the link at the bottom of the window you can jump to the Copy/Backup exclude
options.
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Hot processing options
In this section you may configure the hot processing mode:

Enable hot processing. Mark the checkbox to enable the so called hot data processing mode that is specially
designed to process data without restarting your operating system.

Hot processing technology. From the pull-down list you can select the required hot processing technology.

Always use hot processing. Select the option to process partitions without making them locked. Thus you will
be able to keep working with them as usual.

Use hot processing only when partition is locked. Select the option to use the hot processing only when
partitions are locked and cannot be processed without restarting the computer. Please keep in mind, that once
you start any operation on a partition in this mode, it will automatically be locked by the program, thus you
won't be able to keep working with it as usual.

Hot processing temporary drive. Here you can select a disk drive that will be used to store the temporary hot
backup data (by default – C:).

Attempts to start VSS. Here you can set how many attempts to start Microsoft VSS the program is to do before
automatically rebooting the system and accomplishing the operation in a special boot-up mode.

Timeout between attempts (in seconds). Here you can set a time period between different attempts to start
Microsoft VSS.

Switch between hot processing technologies. Mark the checkbox to automatically switch between Paragon Hot
Processing and Microsoft VSS if one of them is unavailable at the moment.
By clicking the link at the bottom of the window you can jump to the Run during backup
options.
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Run during backup options
In this section you can specify external applications to execute at various phases of the backup process. It can be
particularly useful when imaging systems with high availability requirements (MS SQL, MS Exchange, etc.), since it
enables to create a consistent snapshot even as the data is currently modified. The point is to provide a coherent state
of all open files and databases involved in a backup, taking into account that applications may still keep writing to disks.
Actually the backup process consists of two phases: the preparation phase (snapshot) and the data-copying phase.
There are three points of the backup when external commands/programs can be launched:

Execute at the beginning of the backup process before taking a snapshot. Here you can specify an executable
file that will help you to prepare running applications for taking a snapshot. It may contain specific
commands/programs to delete unnecessary files, suspend services, flush transactions or caches, etc. Everything
depends on the used applications.

Execute after taking a snapshot. Here you can specify an executable file that will run just after taking a
snapshot. It may contain specific commands/programs, e.g. to resume the previously suspended services, etc.
Everything depends on the used applications.

Execute after finishing the backup process. Here you can specify an executable file that will run after the
backup process has been accomplished. It may include commands/ programs that will move the backup image
to a particular location, etc.
By clicking the link at the bottom of the window you can jump to the Hot processing
options.
By clicking the Browse button you can get into the browser-like window to choose an executable file.
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The program provides the ability to work with three types of executable files (.exe, .bat, .cmd). It is up to the user to
write batch files to safely prepare applications for backup. There are some certain general requirements for that:

All programs and commands must execute sequentially and finish before the .bat file completes its work.

It is recommended to use external commands/programs in the following format - Start/wait program.exe. The
wait option will help to start an application and wait until it completes its work. This will guarantee that all
included commands/programs complete their execution before the batch file does.
This function is only available when the Hot Processing mode is enabled.
The program enables to set parameters for an executable file directly from the line.
However, if the file path contains word gaps it is necessary to enclose it in quotes in order
to make the program distinguish between the path and the used parameters.
By clicking the link at the bottom of the window you can jump to the Hot processing
options.
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44
VD container options
This section contains options that will be taken into account when creating virtual containers:

Unknown partitions policy. Here you can define behavior for processing unknown or unformatted partitions
(skip from backup, process in the sector-by-sector mode, or ask the user each time this type of partition has
been found).

Virtual container type. By default the program is configured to back up to pVHD (Paragon Virtual Hard Drive).
Use this option to switch the resulted virtual container to VHD, VHDX, or VMDK. Please note that the use of
pVHD enables to get full backup images several times smaller than the original objects, while incremental
updates – dozens of times smaller when comparing to VHD, VHDX or VMDK, which have some fixed size of
blocks, not dynamic. Besides encryption and password protection are only available for pVHD. However, if
you’re having a VMware or Microsoft hypervisor at your disposal and are planning to do instant virtualization,
please make sure the used backup format matches your hypervisor.
Partitioning Section
Partitioning options
This section contains a set of options that will be taken into account during partitioning operations:

Request confirmation before partition deletion. Mark the checkbox to activate an additional security
mechanism. Thus when going to delete a partition you will be automatically requested to enter its label.

Request confirmation when converting FAT16 to FAT32. Mark the checkbox to automatically request
confirmation before converting FAT16 to FAT32. There are a number of situations when this kind of conversion
is the only way out to accomplish the operation. For instance, you are going to migrate your system to a larger
hard disk with the proportional resize of existing partitions, what is very convenient. As a result you can get
original FAT16 partitions go beyond the 4GB limit. Thus without conversion to FAT32, this operation will in no
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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way be possible to accomplish. The same goes for any copy hard disk/partition or restore hard disk/partition
operation involving an extra upsizing.
Include/Exclude Section
Copy/Backup exclude options
In this section the program enables to specify what data should be automatically ignored during copy and sector-based
backup operations. You can filter certain files or folders either by the manual selection or by creating masks, what is
more preferable. Thus you will be able to effectively manage contents of your backup images or partition/hard disk
copies.
By default, there are no available filters. To create a filter, please click the Add Category… button.
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In the opened dialog the program allows the user to define the following parameters:

Name. Give to the filter any name you like, but try to use an informative one;

Filter. Press the Browse button to select files or folders you would like to be excluded or specify a filter mask by
using * or ? wildcards;

Description. Add a short description to the filter not to miss it up later.
Click the OK button and you will get a new item on the list of filters. By marking/unmarking a checkbox opposite its
name you can choose whether to use it or not.
By clicking the link at the bottom of the window you can jump to the General copy and
backup options.
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File backup exclude options
In this section you can find a lot of ready-made exclude filters to effectively control contents of your file-based backup
images. Please note, by selecting certain filters you specify what data will be ignored during file-based backup
operations, thus you specify the data you’d like not to be added to the resulted archives.
Anyway you’ve got the option to create your own filter by clicking the Add category… button.
In the opened dialog the program allows the user to define the following parameters:

Name. Give to the filter any name you like, but try to use an informative one;

Filter. Press the Browse button to select files or folders you would like to be excluded or specify a filter mask by
using * or ? wildcards;
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
Description. Add a short description to the filter not to miss it up later.
Click the OK button and you will get a new item on the list of filters. By marking/unmarking a checkbox opposite its
name you can choose whether to use it or not.
File backup include options
In this section you can find a lot of ready-made include filters to effectively control contents of your file-based backup
images. Please note, by selecting certain filters you specify what data will be processed during file-based backup
operations, thus you automatically ignore files that do not match, so they won’t be added to the resulted archives.
Anyway you’ve got the option to create your own filter by clicking the Add category… button.
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In the opened dialog the program allows the user to define the following parameters:

Name. Give to the filter any name you like, but try to use an informative one;

Filter. Press the Browse button to select files or folders you would like to be excluded or specify a filter mask by
using * or ? wildcards;

Description. Add a short description to the filter not to miss it up later.
Click the OK button and you will get a new item on the list of filters. By marking/unmarking a checkbox opposite its
name you can choose whether to use it or not.
E-mail Notifications and Logging Section
E-Mail options
This section contains a set of options that will be taken into account during the Send log files and Send e-mail
notification operations:

Outgoing mail server (SMTP). To send messages by using the built-in mail client, it is necessary to have access to
a computer running an SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) server. All outgoing messages are first sent to the
SMTP server, which in its turn delivers them to the required recipients. The address may be represented as a
traditional Internet host name (e.g.: mail.com) or as an IP numeric address (e.g. xxx.xxx.xxx.xx).

User e-mail address. Specify an e-mail address that has been assigned by the Internet Service Provider or
organization's e-mail administrator.
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
My outgoing server requires authentication. Activate the option to allow the program to make authentication
on the server before sending messages.
- User name. Enter the name that will be used to log in to the e-mail account.
- Password. Enter the password that will be used to access the mail server.
When you’re ready with the settings, click on the Send test e-mail button to check if everything is OK.

Send e-mail notification on apply. Specify an e-mail to send notifications on the carried out operations.
- Send mail in HTML format. Activate the option to create messages in the HTML format instead of plain text.
- Send complete report after applying operations. Activate the option to create an in-depth report on the
carried out operations and send it after performing the last operation.
- Send graphical view of the disk sub-system before and after apply. Activate the option to allow the program
to attach two pictures of the disk layout made before and after the operation is completed.
By clicking the link at the bottom of the window you can jump to the Operation
dependency options.
Log files options
In this section you can set up the program logging engine:

Logs directory to specify location of program log files. By default, all logs are placed to: C:\Program
Files\Paragon Software\product’s name\program\

Write logs in Bluescreen to enable the program logging in a special boot-up mode

Stubact log file truncation to specify a storage life span for the stubact.log file:
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-
Infinite not to empty the file ever;
-
Minimal to have the file emptied all the time;
-
Custom to set a certain storage life span for the file. Please note, once the defined period has been
expired, the file will be emptied.
We strongly recommend you not to choose the Minimal option, as in case of having
problems with the program, our Support Team won’t be able to study operation logs, thus
help you out.
Operation dependency options
This section contains a set of options that will be taken into account when the Send e-mail notification on apply function
is enabled. By marking/unmarking a checkbox opposite the required operation you can choose whether to receive an email notification on its completion or not.
You won't be notified if an operation requires the system restart.
Viewing Disk Properties
The Disk Map and the Disk and Partitions List are the main tools to get information on the properties of hard disks and
partitions available in the system. To know more on the subject, please consult the corresponding chapters of the
Interface Overview chapter.
Viewing Image Properties
General information on backup archives can be obtained with the following tools:
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Using the Restore Wizard

Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Restore.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
At first, the wizard displays the Welcome page – simply click the Next button at the foot of the dialog window.
The next page refers to Browse for Archive. By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images
contained in the Archive Database (if any).
To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e. Archive File
Details) display a short description, including:

Information on a type of the archive contents (whether it is sector-based or file-based),

Whether the archive is compressed or not,

Whether the archive is password protected or not,

The date, when the archive was created.
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In addition, there are some special graphical flags to indicate crucial properties:
FLAG
FUNCTIONALITY
Disk archive
Partition archive
File archive
MBR archive
System archive
Encrypted archive
Compressed archive
Complex archive
Filtered archive
Differential archive
Incremental archive
File increment to a partition
archive
To easily manage images in the Archive Database, the program provides the following functionality:
BUTTON FUNCTIONALITY
Refresh the contents of the database
Show only existing archives
Add the selected archive to the database
Delete the selected archive from the
database
Besides you may filter backup archives to decide whether to show only file, partition or hard disk archives. To do that,
please select the required filter in the left top corner of the page.
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By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window.
The section below (i.e. Archive File Details) displays a short description of the selected image, including:

Information on a type of the archive contents (whether it is sector-based or file-based),

Whether the archive is compressed or not,

Whether the archive is password protected or not,

The date, when the archive was created.
Moreover, on this page you’ve got the possibility to create new folders, delete existing files/folders or map network
drives by clicking the appropriate buttons.
The next page (i.e. What to restore) displays detailed information about the contents of the archive.
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If you want to restore the image contents, click the Next button. In order to cancel, click the Cancel button.
Using the Archive Database
To open the Archive Database, click the Archives tab on the Ribbon Panel. The database window can be conditionally
subdivided into several sections that differ in their purpose and functionality:
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1. Properties Panel that displays properties of the selected image.
2. Volume Explorer that enables to access the selected image as a regular folder to explorer its contents or to retrieve certain fi
3. Archive List that displays a list of images contained in the Archive Database (if any). Besides the program provides all the nec
in the database (add, delete, mount, refresh, etc.).
All panels offer a synchronized layout and are separated by vertical and horizontal
expandable sliders, allowing the user to customize the screen layout.
Data Backup and Rescue
In this chapter you will find all the information necessary to establish a reliable data protection system.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
57
Creating Backup Images
Depending on a type of information you need to protect and the way this information should be processed, the program
offers a number of handy backup wizards. To make your job with the program as easy and convenient as possible, all
backup wizards share similar work algorithm. By going through steps of the wizard, you configure all the necessary
settings to launch the backup operation. To minimize the possibility of making any mistake, the wizard provides auxiliary
information on every single option. Moreover you can get an in-depth description to any setting, control, or field of the
wizard just by clicking the hint button and then the object you need.
Smart Backup Wizard Startup

Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Smart Backup.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Smart Backup Wizard Setup
The wizard offers the following steps to accomplish the backup operation:

The object to back up. Click on a section you find answering to your task.
- Disk or Partitions to create a sector-based backup of the whole disk system, or only separate partitions;
- E-mail to create a file-based backup of e-mail databases, accounts and address books of MS Outlook, MS
Express, and Windows Mail;
- Media Files to create a file-based backup of all media files (photo, video, music, etc) stored in the My
Documents folder;
- Documents to create a file-based backup of all office documents stored in the My Documents folder;
- Other Files and Folders to create a file-based backup of any files and folders.
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If selecting Disk or Partitions or Other Files and Folders you will need to specify more
exactly the object of operation. To know more on the subject, please consult the Backup
Scenarios chapter.

Name and location of the resulted image. Provide a file name for the new image and its exact location. The
program automatically offers an easy to understand name containing the date and the time of the archive
creation, which can anyway be modified.
The program automatically calculates size of the future archive and informs the user about
space available on the selected destination.

Archive Comment. You can add some additional description to the archive that will later help to distinguish it
from the others.
Result
After the backup operation is completed you receive an image of the selected object. This image is placed into the
specified destination, its features defined by the wizard.
Available operation scenarios:
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
Backing up a hard disk or partition to the Backup Capsule

Backing up a hard disk or partition to external media (CD/DVD)

Backing up a hard disk or partition to a network drive

Backing up files to an FTP/SFTP server

Backing up a dual boot Mac to an external USB drive

Backing up files to a local mounted/unmounted (without drive letter assigned) partition

Creating a differential to a full partition backup

Creating a sector increment to a full partition backup

Creating a file increment to a full partition backup

Creating an increment to a full file backup

Creating a cyclic partition backup

Merging a full partition backup with one of its differentials
Restoring System and Data
The program includes a convenient and reliable restore wizard. With its help you can restore all types of backup images
created with the program. It provides easy to understand instructions to configure and perform all the necessary
settings. Moreover you can get an in-depth description to any setting, control, or field of the wizard just by clicking the
hint button and then the object you need.
Startup

Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Restore.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Setup
The wizard offers the following steps to accomplish the restore operation:

A backup image to be restored. The Browse for Archive page enables to find a backup image you need.
By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive Database (if
any).
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To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The section
below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
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61
Moreover, on this page you’ve got the possibility to create new folders, delete existing files/folders or map
network drives by clicking the appropriate buttons.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
File Backup Restore

Data to restore. You’ve got the option to restore not only the entire archive, but separate items of it (the so
called selective restore functionality) by marking checkboxes next to the data items you need.
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
A place to restore. From the pull-down list you can choose whether to restore contents of the backup image to
its original location or specify some other one.
Besides if you select the Original location option, you can additionally define whether to replace already existing
files during the restore operation (good for recovering presumably corrupted files) or leave them intact (good
for recovering accidentally deleted files).
Sector Backup Restore

Data to restore. You’ve got the option to restore not only the entire archive, but separate items of it (the so
called selective restore functionality) by marking checkboxes next to the data items you need.
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If you select separate files or folders to restore, the wizard will continue working as though
you’ve got to do with a file backup.

A place to restore. Selecting the destination, please note - all contents on the disk selected for restoring
purposes will be deleted during the operation.
To help you get a clear-cut picture of the operation outcome, the program allows inspecting the resulted disk
layout.
Restoring Partition:
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64

Size of the restored volume and free space before and after it on the disk.

Drive letter assignment after restore. The pull-down list contains vacant drive letters that can be associated
with the restored partition.

Create new EFI boot entry for destination drive. If you’ve got to do with a 64-bit Windows configured to the
uEFI boot mode, the following option will become available for you to define what instance of Windows OS
you’d like to boot from once the operation is over. Anyway you can specify a bootable device at any time
through Boot Corrector.
The option above will be available to the user only if the target disk becomes Bootable GPT
as a result of the migration process.
Restoring Hard Disk:
All contents on the disk selected for restoring purposes will be deleted during the
operation.
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
Copy data and resize partitions proportionally. If this option is activated, the program proportionally changes
the size of partitions keeping their relative order intact. The option can be useful when restoring to a larger hard
disk.

Perform surface test. Define whether the surface test will be accomplished during the operation or not.

Create new EFI boot entry for destination drive. If you’ve got to do with a 64-bit Windows configured to the
uEFI boot mode, the following option will become available for you to define what instance of Windows OS
you’d like to boot from once the operation is over. Anyway you can specify a bootable device at any time
through Boot Corrector.
The option above will be available to the user only if the target disk becomes Bootable GPT
as a result of the migration process.
Result
The wizard will restore the archived data, and make it available to use in the operating system.
To make Windows bootable on different hardware, please additionally complete the P2P
Adjust OS Wizard.
Available operation scenarios:

Restoring a hard disk from the bootable Backup Capsule

Restoring a system partition from external media (CD/DVD)

Restoring a system partition from a network drive

Restoring a system partition from a local drive

Restoring a dual boot Mac from an external USB drive

Restoring a file increment

Restoring a file increment to a partition backup

Restoring separate files and folders from a backup
Copy Tasks
In this chapter you will find all the information necessary to make a copy of a hard disk or a separate partition.
Cloning Hard Disks
You can clone a hard disk of any file system. During the hard disk copying process, the program moves controlling
records of used partitioning scheme, the bootstrap code and on-disk partitions. That’s why this operation cannot be
substituted by simply copying all on-disk partitions.
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Copy Hard Disk Wizard
The Copy Hard Disk Wizard is a traditional-like wizard. By going through its steps, you configure all the necessary
settings to launch the copy operation. To minimize the possibility of making any mistake, the wizard provides auxiliary
information on every single option. Moreover you can get an in-depth description to any setting, control, or field of the
wizard just by clicking the hint button and then the object you need.
You need at least two hard disks to carry out this operation.
Startup

Click the Copy & Migration tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Copy Hard Disk.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Setup
The wizard offers the following steps to accomplish the copy hard disk operation:

The hard disk to copy. Select a hard disk you want to copy.
-
Use exclude masks. By default the program doesn’t take into account exclude filters set in the Settings
dialog. If you need to use them, please mark the checkbox and see existing/specify additional filters on the
next page of the wizard.
-
Don’t estimate size after excludes. You can save time by suppressing calculation of the resulted amount of
data to copy after using excludes. Please note however, if you use this option, drives that smaller in size
than the source disk will be unavailable to use as destination.
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
The target hard disk. Select a hard disk (if several) where all data of the source disk will be copied to.

Copy parameters. The wizard enables to specify the following options:
Copy options
- HDD raw copy to copy the hard disk in the sector-by-sector mode, thus ignoring its information structure (e.g.
unallocated space or unused sectors of existing partitions will be processed as well). This can help to avoid
problems with hidden data created by certain applications or the system administrator. However, it will take
more time to accomplish the operation.
- Partition raw copy to copy the on-disk partitions in the sector-by-sector mode to successfully process
unknown file systems. However it is not recommended to enable this option when working with supported file
systems as it takes more time to accomplish the operation.
- Create new EFI boot entry for destination drive. If you’ve got to do with a 64-bit Windows configured to the
uEFI boot mode, the following option will become available for you to define what instance of Windows OS
you’d like to boot from once the operation is over. Anyway you can specify a bootable device at any time
through Boot Corrector.
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The option above will be available to the user only if the target disk becomes Bootable GPT
as a result of the migration process.
Resize options
- Remove free blocks between partitions not to keep blocks of free space between partitions on the targeted
hard disk.
- Copy data and resize partitions proportionally to make the program proportionally change the size of
partitions keeping their relative order intact. The option can be useful when upgrading the hard disk to a larger
one.
Result
After the operation is completed, you receive a fully functional duplicate of the existing hard disk.
To make Windows bootable on different hardware, please additionally complete the P2P
Adjust OS Wizard.
Available operation scenarios:

Migrating system to a new HDD (up to 2.2TB in size)
Cloning Partitions
You can duplicate partitions to protect oneself from downtime in case of a system malfunction or for cloning sample
partitions. The program enables to duplicate all partition data including files, the exact structure of directories and file
system metadata (location of files, security information, access quotas, etc.).
The Copy Partition Wizard will help you copy a partition of any file system. To minimize the possibility of making any
mistake, the wizard provides auxiliary information on every single option. Moreover you can get an in-depth description
to any setting, control, or field of the wizard just by clicking the hint button and then the object you need.
Startup

Click the Copy & Migration tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Copy Partition.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Setup
The wizard offers the following steps to accomplish the copy partition operation:

The partition to copy. Select a partition you want to copy.
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
Destination disk. Select a hard disk with enough unallocated space to perform the operation.
The program enables to copy a partition to a block of free space, which is smaller than the
partition itself, taking into account only actual amount of data.

Copy parameters. The wizard enables to specify the following options:
- Partition size. Define the size (in Mb) of the copied partition.
- Free space before. Define the position (in Mb) of the copied partition relative to the beginning of the available
range of disk space.
- Free space after. Define the amount of trailing free space (in Mb) at the end of the available range of disk
space.
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Partition size and position may also be defined by using the drag-and-drop technique. To do
that, just carry out the required operation on the Disk Map.
- Create new EFI boot entry for destination drive. If you’ve got to do with a 64-bit Windows configured to the
uEFI boot mode, the following option will become available for you to define what instance of Windows OS
you’d like to boot from once the operation is over. Anyway you can specify a bootable device at any time
through Boot Corrector.
The option above will be available to the user only if the target disk becomes Bootable GPT
as a result of the migration process.
Result
After the operation is completed you receive a fully functional duplicate of the existing partition.
To make Windows bootable on different hardware, please additionally complete the P2P
Adjust OS Wizard.
Partition Management
In this chapter you will find all the information necessary to carry out partitioning operations supported by the program.
Basic Partitioning Operations
Here you can learn how to accomplish basic partitioning operations (create, format, delete).
Creating Partitions
The program provides the ability to create a new partition within a block of un-partitioned space.
Restrictions
1. Do not use the Create Partition function in order to undelete the last deleted partition.
2. The program allows creating new partitions only within blocks of un-partitioned space. It cannot convert a free
space on an existing partition to a new partition.
3. The program cannot create new partitions on Dynamic Disks.
Create Partition Wizard Startup

Click the Partitioning tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Create Partition.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
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Dialog Startup
1. Select a block of free space on the Disk Map;
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Create Partition.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Express Create Partition Wizard Setup
Thanks to a highly intelligent work algorithm, the wizard requires minimal involvement in the operation, thus you only
need to choose a method you find the most suitable to create the partition (if several available), which actually differ in
the amount of space to allocate. For easy perception, you can see the resulted disk layout on the disk map by selecting
this or that mode.
The number of available methods depends on your disk layout.
To learn more on the way the wizard works, please click the corresponding link on the first
page of the wizard.
Create Partition Wizard Setup
The wizard offers the following steps to accomplish the operation:

Partition destination. Select a hard disk (if the computer has several hard disks) and then choose position for
the future partition on the disk: at the end (preferable), at the beginning or somewhere in the middle between
other partitions.
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By default, the program allows you to create a new partition only as the last primary or as
the last logical drive within the extended partition. However, by activating the advance
mode on the first page of the wizard you can remove this restriction that in its turn might
result in some boot problems.

Partition size. There is no restriction on size of the future partition, merely depending on space available on the
hard disk.
If there is not enough free space in one block, the wizard enables to redistribute free space, joining all free
space blocks together into one united block and moving partitions when necessary. If the total amount of free
space is still not enough, it is possible to split a fragment of space from one of the existing partitions, thus
resizing it.
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If a partition to resize is locked and cannot be processed, the wizard makes the system
reboot to create the partition and then automatically boots the system again. (The
rebooting mechanism is different for different versions of Windows.)
You can also choose whether the future partition will be primary or logical by marking the appropriate
checkbox.

Partition properties. On the next page of the wizard you can set a number of additional parameters:
- Partition type. From the pull-down list select a file system the newly created partition will be formatted to,
otherwise the partition will remain unformatted (so that it will not be ready to use).
- Volume label. Enter a label for the selected partition in this textual field. It is an irrelevant parameter usually
used for drive identification.
- Surface test level. Define the level of the surface check to make the program find bad and unstable sectors and
mark them unusable in the file system metadata.
Dialog Setup
Initially the program suggests some consistent values for all parameters. In most cases, you can just press the Yes
button to confirm the operation.
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
Define whether the partition will be Primary, Extended or Logical. You can choose the desired partition type
from the pull-down list. As a matter of fact, the available alternatives fundamentally depend on the selected
block of free space - within the Logical free space, only Logical partitions can be created; Within the Primary free
space, both Primary partitions or the Extended Partition can be created.

Partition Size. Define the size (in Mb) of the new partition.

Free space before. Define the position (in Mb) of the new partition relative to the beginning of the block of free
space.

Free space after. Define the amount of trailing free space (in Mb) at the end of the new partition.
Partition size and position may also be defined by using the drag-and-drop technique. To do
that, just carry out the required operation on the Disk Map. The virtual operations are to be
available.

File system for new partition. From the pull-down list select a file system the newly created partition will be
formatted to, otherwise the partition will remain unformatted (so that it will not be ready to use).

Volume label. Enter a label for the selected partition in this textual field. It is an irrelevant parameter usually
used for drive identification.

Drive letter assignment. The pull-down list contains vacant drive letters that can be associated with the newly
formatted partition.
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In addition, there is the possibility to make further detailed settings (although the default values will do in most cases).
To activate the advance mode, you need to click the More options button at the foot of the dialog page. Depending on
the chosen file system, the following options become available:

Use OS built-in routine. Mark the option to restrict the available values according to the used OS.

The amount of sectors per cluster. Define the Cluster Size for the formatted partition with this spinner control.
Number of available options depends on the selected file system type.
Result
After the operation is completed you receive a fully functional partition.
Formatting Partitions
Any partition should contain some file system to be used for keeping data. The process of installing a file system is
commonly known as formatting. A huge variety of file systems have been developed these days.
Supported File Systems
The program provides the ability to format partitions of the following file systems:
- FAT12 & FAT16
- FAT32
- HFS+
- NTFS
- Ext2
- Ext3
- Ext4
- Linux Swap v. 2
Wizard Startup

Click the Partitioning tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Format Partition.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
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Dialog Startup
1. Select a partition on the Disk Map;
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Format Partition.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Wizard Setup
The wizard offers the following steps to accomplish the operation:

Partition to format. Select a hard disk (if the computer has several hard disks) and then the required partition to
format.
As a result of this operation contents of the selected partition will be lost.

Partition properties. On the next page of the wizard you can set the following partition parameters:
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- Partition type. From the pull-down list select the desired file system type. In fact, the program displays only
those file systems that can correctly be placed to the selected partition, taking its capacity into account.
- Volume label. Enter a label for the selected partition in this textual field. It is an irrelevant parameter usually
used for drive identification.
- Drive letter assignment. The pull-down list contains vacant drive letters that can be associated with the newly
formatted partition.
In addition, there is the possibility to make further detailed settings (although the default values will do in most cases).
To activate the advance mode, you need to mark the appropriate option at the foot of the page. When it is marked, the
next page enables to define:

Use OS built-in routine. Mark the checkbox to restrict the available values according to the used OS.

The amount of sectors per cluster. Define the Cluster Size for the formatted partition with this spinner control.
Number of available options depends on the selected file system type.
Dialog Setup
Initially the program suggests some consistent values for all parameters. In most cases, you can just press the Format
button to confirm the operation.

File system. From the pull-down list select the desired file system type. In fact, the program displays only those
file systems that can correctly be placed to the selected partition, taking its capacity into account.

Volume label. Enter a label for the selected partition in this textual field. It is an irrelevant parameter usually
used for drive identification.
In addition, there is the possibility to make further detailed settings (although the default values will do in most cases).
To activate the advance mode, you need to click the More options button at the foot of the dialog page. Depending on
the chosen file system, the following options become available:
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
Use OS built-in routine. Mark the checkbox to restrict the available values according to the used OS.

The amount of sectors per cluster. Define the Cluster Size for the formatted partition with this spinner control.
Number of available options depends on the selected file system type.
Result
After the operation is completed you receive a fully functional partition formatted to the specified file system.
Deleting Partitions
Wizard Startup

Click the Partitioning tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Delete Partition.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Dialog Startup
In order to start the operation you should take the following steps:
1. Select a partition on the Disk Map;
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Create Delete Partition.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Wizard Setup
The wizard offers the following steps to accomplish the operation:

Partition to delete. Select a hard disk (if the computer has several hard disks) and then the required partition to
delete.
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As a result of this operation contents of the selected partition will be lost.

Merge free blocks. As a result of the operation you may get several blocks of the unallocated space on the hard
disk. So choose whether to merge them all and place at the beginning of the disk or at the end by selecting the
required operation from the pull-down list.
Dialog Setup
Initially the program suggests you just to remove references to the selected partition from the Partition Table.

Enter the volume label to confirm deleting. To confirm deletion of the selected partition, enter its Volume
Label. The current volume label is displayed above.
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
Do not ask volume label next time. Mark the option to inhibit confirmation next time you start the dialog.
Result
By default, the operation takes only a fraction of a second. However, the program waits until Windows completes the
modification of the disk layout.
Advanced Partitioning Operations
Here you can learn how to accomplish advanced partitioning operations.
Undeleting Partitions
When simply deleting a partition (without additional wiping) disk management software only removes references to it in
the Partition Table, thus leaving the possibility to recover it later.
The program enables to find and recover these partitions. A restored partition will be fully functional, as long as other
partitions were not created, moved or exceeded the disk space occupied by that partition. That is why the program
offers this function only for blocks of free space.
The operation can be accomplished with the Undelete Partition Wizard.
Startup

Click the Partitioning tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Undelete Partitions.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Setup
The wizard offers the following steps to accomplish the undelete partition operation:

Free blocks to scan for lost partitions. Choose a free block from a tree-like list of available hard disks.

Search method. By default, the wizard selects the fastest search method for your operating system. In most
cases that will do to find any accidentally deleted partition. However if you're under Windows XP for instance
(the Conventional Search option is selected), but the deleted partition you're looking for has been created with
the Disk Management utility under Vista, the wizard won't be able to find this partition, unless you manually
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select the appropriate option (Quick Search for Partitions Created by Vista or Later OS). Moreover if the wizard
still fails to find the partition you need, you can select the Thorough Search option to scan every single sector in
the specified search area to get the most accurate results.
To know more on the available search methods, please use the context sensitive hint
system.

File system filter. By default, the wizard will search for all known file systems. However, by clicking on the
appropriate option on the second page of the wizard, you can specify only those file systems you need.

A partition to undelete (if several). By default, the program searches records of any deleted partition ever
existed on the selected block of free space. So you can get several partitions to choose from.
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Most likely the required partition will be found first. If so, you may abort the search operation by pressing the
Stop search button.
Result
After the operation is completed you receive a fully functional partition.
Changing Partition Attributes
This chapter explains how you can change partition attributes (Active flag, Hidden flag, Volume Label, etc.).
Mark Partition Active/Inactive
The program enables to set an active/inactive flag for primary partitions of a hard disk. By default, an operating system
will boot only if its partition is active or bootable.
In order to mark a partition active/inactive you should take the following steps:
1. Select a primary partition on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Mark Partition as
Active/Inactive.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
There can only be one active partition on a hard disk, otherwise your operating system will
fail to boot.
Hide/Unhide Partition
The program allows you to hide/unhide primary and logical partitions. By default, an operating system does not mount
hidden partitions, thus preventing access to their contents.
In order to hide/unhide a partition you should take the following steps:
1. Select a partition on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Hide/Unhide Partition.
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There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
It is strongly recommended not to hide the system partition. Otherwise your operating
system will fail to boot.
Set Label of a Partition
The Partition Label is a small textual field (up to 11 characters) that is located in the partition's boot sector. It is
detectable by any partitioning tool and is used for notification purposes only.
In order to change a partition label you should take the following steps:
1. Select a partition on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Change Volume Label.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. Enter a label for the selected partition.
4. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
Change Partition ID
Partition ID is a file system identifier. It is saved in the Partition Table and is used to quickly detect a partition of the
supported type. By manually changing its value, you can manipulate accessibility of partitions.
In order to change a partition ID you should take the following steps:
1. Select a partition on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Change Partition ID…
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
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3. Set a new ID for the selected partition.

Predefined ID. Select from the pull-down list the required ID.

Enter ID manually. With the spinner control set the required ID value. It has to be a 1-2 digit hexadecimal
number.
4. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
Change Serial Number of a Partition
FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS file systems include the Serial Number parameter. A partition's serial number is saved in the
boot sector. Its value is generated while formatting.
The program enables to modify the serial number parameter for FAT16, FAT32, or NTFS partitions without reformatting.
In order to change a serial number you should take the following steps:
1. Select a partition on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Change Serial Number.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. Enter a new serial number for the selected partition. It should contain 8 hexadecimal figures (0..9 or A..F). The
operation cannot proceed until you enter all 8 symbols.
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4. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
Hard Disk Management
In this chapter you will find all the information necessary to carry hard disk operations supported by the program.
Converting Dynamic MBR to Basic
The program allows you to convert a dynamic MBR disk containing simple volumes into a basic one while keeping its
contents intact.
In order to convert a dynamic MBR disk into basic you should take the following steps:
1. Select a dynamic MBR disk containing simple volumes on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Convert to Basic…
3. Set the required number of primary partitions if necessary. According to the DOS partitioning scheme a hard
disk can have up to four Primary partitions. If there is an extended partition on the disk, only three primary
partitions are allowed. That is why if a dynamic disk contains several simple volumes the program enables to
choose the number of primary partitions. The rest of them if any will automatically be converted to logical disks
within the extended partition.
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The program can only process dynamic disks containing solid simple volumes (without
extension).
Converting GPT to Basic MBR
The program allows you to convert a basic or a dynamic GPT disk containing simple volumes into a basic MBR disk while
keeping its contents intact.
In order to convert a basic or a dynamic GPT disk into a basic MBR disk you should take the following steps:
1. Select a basic or a dynamic GPT disk containing simple volumes on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Convert to Basic MBR Hard
Disk…
3. Set the required number of primary partitions if necessary. According to the DOS partitioning scheme a hard
disk can have up to four Primary partitions. If there is an extended partition on the disk, only three primary
partitions are allowed. That is why if a GPT disk contains several volumes the program enables to choose the
number of primary partitions. The rest of them if any will automatically be converted to logical disks within the
extended partition.
The program can only process dynamic GPT disks containing solid simple volumes (without
extension).
Converting Basic MBR to GPT
The program allows you to easily convert a basic MBR disk into a basic GPT disk while keeping its contents intact. The
operation is quite safe for the on-disk data, but you should know that only 64-bit Windows OSes since Vista are able to
boot from this type of disks. So if you’ve got a 32-bit Windows OS accommodated on a disk you’d like to convert to GPT,
it won’t start up after the operation is over.
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In order to convert a basic MBR disk to a basic GPT you should take the following steps:
1. Select a basic MBR hard disk on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Hard Disk > Convert to GPT
hard disk.
3. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
The program can only convert basic MBR disks.
Updating MBR
The program enables to overwrite the current bootable code in the MBR (Master Boot Record) by the standard
bootstrap code. This can help to repair a corrupted bootable code of a hard disk resulted from a boot virus attack or a
malfunction of boot management software.
In order to update MBR of a hard disk you should take the following steps:
1. Select a hard disk on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Update MBR.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
Changing Primary Slot
Different operating systems apply different approaches to enumeration of the primary partitions.
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In Linux:
In Linux, every partition has a special symbolic name that encodes a hard disk containing a partition, and a partition
itself. Partitions are addressed and accessed by using their symbolic names. Symbolic names are automatically
generated by Linux in accordance with the order of hard disks in BIOS and the order of partition records in the Partition
Table. Thus changing enumeration of the primary partitions can lead to changing of paths to some important resources.
In DOS:
The last versions of MS-DOS use a rather sophisticated algorithm for a drive letter assignment. A drive letter, which is
assigned to a partition, depends on the order of records in the Partition Table. Thus changing enumeration of the
primary partitions affects the drive letters assignment. In early versions of MS-DOS, it could even lead to the
unavailability of a partition.
The program provides the ability to change enumeration of the primary partitions. This feature will allow you to fix
problems concerning an inappropriate order of partitions.
In order to modify enumeration of the primary partitions you should take the following steps:
1. Select a hard disk on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Change Primary Slot.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. In the opened dialog you can see the current enumeration of the primary partitions of the selected hard disk in
the Partition Table. To help you distinguish partitions from one another, the program provides the following
parameters for every partition:
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- Slot
- Volume
- Partition type
- File system
- Partition size
- Volume label
There are two buttons on the right to move the selected partition up and down within the primary part of the
Partition Table.
4. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
Task Scheduling
Automation of operations can really help you out when you’ve got to accomplish certain routine operations on a regular
basis as it enables to execute them without your involvement while optimizing your computer’s work-load.
Setting a Timetable
Thanks to the embedded Scheduler, you can set a timetable for execution of any operation. It has two categories for
time settings (these correspond to appropriate items in the Schedule type menu):

Initiating the operation by an event:
- One time only (i.e. the Once item)
- When the system starts (i.e. the At System Startup item)
- When the user logs on (i.e. the At Logon item).

Initiating the operation periodically (i.e. Daily, Weekly, Monthly).
You need to select one of the variants. Depending on your choice, the scheduler displays a form that enables to set a
timetable.
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To run the task in the log-off mode, please specify administering login info by following the
appropriate link in the left lower corner of the page.
The Shutdown System on Complete option enables to automatically switch off the
computer on the successful accomplishment of the operation.
Managing Tasks
All scheduled tasks are placed in a separate list, which can be retrieved by clicking the Schedule tab on the Ribbon Panel:
On every task you can get in-depth information, including:

The task name

The full path to the generated script of the task

Scheduled time of launch

Statistics on the last launch

Scheduled time of the next launch
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
Used account information

Comments to the task
To easily manage tasks, the program enables to arrange them according to a certain characteristic just by clicking on the
required property.
This feature can be particularly beneficial when the Scheduled Tasks list contains too many
items.
You can also enable/disable, rename, delete, refresh or modify properties of the selected task.
Task Editor
With the Task Editor you can easily modify properties of scheduled tasks. To do that, you should take the following
steps:
1. Select a task on the Scheduled Tasks list.
2. Click the Properties button on the Scheduled Tasks list.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. In the opened dialog window you can see two tabs - General and Schedule. Click the General tab to modify:

Full path to the macro-command program-interpreter, which describes the scheduled task;
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
Command line for starting the interpreter (i.e. the task described in macro-language)

Comments referring to the task

The option of enabling/disabling the task.
By clicking the Schedule tab you can modify the task timetable.
In order to apply the changes, you need to click the Apply button at the foot of the dialog.
Creating a Scheduled Task
You can set a timetable for execution of any operation. For backup and copy operations the program offers handy
wizards, while all the others can be scheduled with the Save to Scheduler dialog.
To create a scheduled task you should take the following steps:
1. Make sure the virtual mode of execution is enabled;
2. Carry out with the program all operations you need to schedule;
3. Call the Save to Scheduler dialog by clicking its icon on the Virtual Operations Bar;
4. In the opened dialog enter the required task name and specify the task timetable;
5. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
This command is unavailable if there are no operations on the List of Pending Operations.
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Scripting
The program actions can also be represented in form of a script. The script describes the appropriate operation with
macro-language commands. There is an interpreter utility - SCRIPTS.exe, which is included in the program installation
package. This utility works in the unattended mode, which enables to automate operations.
Startup
You have no need to write a script since the program has a convenient interface for such a task. In order to generate a
script on the base of the entered parameters of the required operation, you should take the following steps:
1. Make sure the virtual mode of execution is enabled;
2. Carry out with the program all operations you need to be scripted;
3. Call the Generate Script dialog by clicking its icon on the Virtual Operations Bar.
Setup
Initially the program suggests some consistent values for all parameters. In most cases, you can just press the Generate
button to confirm the operation.

Script file name and location. By default, the program offers to add the script to the Task List with a name
containing its creation date and time. Unmark the Add to Task List checkbox to define an exact location and a
filename for the script file. The default file extension that is reserved for scripting files is .psl, which however can
be modified.

Add to Task List. By default, the script will be automatically added to corresponding list. If necessary, add a
small comment to it.
In addition, there is the possibility to make further detailed settings (although the default values will do in most cases).
To activate the advance mode, you need to click the More options button at the foot of the dialog page, so you will be
able to define:
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
Interaction with the user. Mark the option to pause the script interpreter during the execution to prompt the
user’s confirmation or other input. Otherwise the program will not stop using default values for parameters if
needed.

Commit after each operation. Mark the option to commit changes after each operation.

Check for errors after each operation. Mark the option to insert a special code in script, which checks the status
of the last executed operation and stops the script processing if there are errors of any kind.

Discard all operations on close. Mark the option to empty the List of Pending Operations after generating the
script.
Result
After the operation is completed you receive a new script file. It is placed into the specified destination, its features
defined in the dialog.
This command is unavailable if there are no operations on the List of Pending Operations.
To learn more about scripts please consult the Paragon Scripting Language manual.
Extra Functionality
This chapter describes the supplementary functionality available in the program.
View Partition/Hard Disk Properties
The program enables to obtain in-depth information on the properties of hard disks and partitions. Besides the general
information, such as capacity, used space or file system type it provides the possibility to get info on hard disk geometry,
cluster size, exact partition location, etc.
To get properties on a partition/hard disk, please do the following:
1. Choose a partition/hard disk on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Properties…
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
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In the opened dialog information will be grouped according to its properties, thus by clicking tabs you can get
information you need.
Volume Explorer
Volume Explorer is a special tool to browse and export contents of the local mounted/unmounted volumes formatted to
FAT16, FAT32, NTFS, Ext2FS, Ext3FS, Ext4FS, and reFS file systems. Besides it enables to access Paragon backups as
regular folders to explorer their contents or to retrieve certain files.
Click the Volume Explorer tab on the Ribbon Panel to open it:
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Call a context menu for the selected file/folder by the right mouse click to export it to some other location (local or
network drive, etc.).
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Available operation scenarios:

Restoring separate files and folders from a backup
The current version of the program does not enable to access virtual containers and file
archives with Volume Explorer.
File Transfer Wizard
File Transfer Wizard is designed to make such operations as copying of separate files/directories or burning of them to
CD/DVD as easy and convenient as possible. It may be of particular use in case of a system malfunction, caused either by
a virus attack or files corruption, in order to get the system back on track again. Besides it provides access to Paragon
backups as regular folders to browse through their contents or copy required files.
Startup

Click Home button, then select File Transfer Wizard.
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There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Setup
The wizard offers the following steps to accomplish the transfer operation:

Place to look for files/directories. Select a source disk from the pull-down list in the left pane of the page. The
program enables to process both mounted and unmounted (without drive letter assigned) partitions. Besides it
is possible to map a network drive.

Object(s) of operation. Choose files/directories you want to copy and place them to Clipboard by pressing the
Add button. To delete a file/directory from the Clipboard, select it in the Clipboard pane and press the Remove
button. You can also create a new folder, rename or irreversibly delete existing files/directories of the left pane
by pressing the appropriate buttons.
Files/directories deleted from the Clipboard remain intact on source disks.
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
Destination to store the object(s). The File Transfer Wizard allows copying data to local or network drives, to
physical partitions (without drive letters assigned), or burning them to CD/DVDs. Choose the way the data will
be stored.

Revision of changes. The Transfer Summary page provides structurally divided information on all the actions
made in the wizard. Check the changes and come back to any step of the wizard (if necessary) by following the
required hyperlink.
Result
After the operation is completed the required data will be placed into the specified destination.
Available operation scenarios:

Copying of data from the corrupted system disk to another hard disk

Burning of data from the corrupted system disk to CD/DVD

Copying of data from a backup to the corrupted system partition

Restoring separate files and folders from a backup
Mount Partition
The program enables to assign or remove drive letters of existing formatted partitions.
Assign Drive Letter
In order to mount a partition you should take the following steps:
1. Select a partition on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Assign Drive Letter…
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. Specify a drive letter for the selected partition. Initially the program suggests some consistent value for this
parameter. So you may just press the Yes button to confirm the operation.
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However you can manually define the required letter by selecting it from the pull-down list of available drive
letters.
4. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
Remove Drive Letter
In order to un-mount a partition you should take the following steps:
1. Select a partition on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Remove Drive Letter.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
Modifying drive letter of the system partition will result in inability to boot the operating
system.
After having processed partitions with installed software, some programs may not run
properly.
Mount Archive
The program provides the ability to assign a drive letter to a partition backup image. As a result of the operation you will
get a new read-only partition in the system to easily browse through its contents and copy the required information
even with the standard Windows tools.
Assign Drive Letter
Before you start mounting backup images, please study the following limitations:

Archives can be mounted at the partition-level only, thus please use the ‘Show partitions’ option to view all
partitions inside backup images;

Archives will only be mounted for the current session and won’t be available after the system restart;

Archives containing Windows Storage Spaces are not supported;

Archives containing ReFS partitions are not supported;

pVHD archives located on physical (unmounted) partitions or in the backup capsule cannot be mounted;
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
pVHD LVM/LDM archives are not supported.
In order to mount an archive you should take the following steps:
1. Select a backup image in the Archive Database.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Mount the Selected Archive.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. Specify a drive letter for the selected backup image. Initially the program suggests some consistent value for this
parameter. So you may just press the Yes button to confirm the operation.
However you can manually define the required letter by selecting it from the pull-down list of available drive
letters.
4. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
It is strongly recommended not to un-mount backup images with Windows Disk Manager
or other third side software.
Remove Drive Letter
In order to un-mount a backup image you should take the following steps:
1. Select a backup image in the Archive Database.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Unmount the Selected Archive.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
Test Surface
The program enables to test surface of existing partitions and blocks of free space for bad or unstable sectors. If found
any it automatically marks them unusable in the file system metadata, thus minimizing the risk of data loss.
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In order to start the surface test you should take the following steps:
1. Select a partition or a block of free space on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Test Surface…
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. From the pull-down list choose the level of the surface check.
4. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
Check File System Integrity
The program allows you to check integrity of a file system. It can be used to detect possible file system errors before
performing any operation on a partition.
To start the system integrity check you should take the following steps:
1. Select a partition on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Check File System Integrity
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. The operation will be performed immediately after confirmation.
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Check Archive Integrity
The program provides the ability to check integrity of backup images. The function allows distinguishing between valid
and corrupted images before using them. There are two wizards in the program, one for checking PBF images and one
for virtual containers (pVHD, VHD, VHDX, and VMDK). The work algorithm of both wizards is very similar.
Startup
For PBF images

Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Check Archive Integrity.
For virtual containers

Click the New Backup Format tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Check VD Integrity.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
Setup
The wizard offers the following steps to accomplish the operation:
For PBF images

An archive to verify. The Browse for Archive page enables to find a backup image you need.
By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive Database (if
any).
To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The section
below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
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Moreover, on this page you’ve got the possibility to create new folders, delete existing files/folders or map
network drives by clicking the appropriate buttons.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
For virtual containers

An archive to verify. The Browse for Archive page enables to find a backup image you need.
By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive Database (if
any).
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To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The section
below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
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Moreover, on this page you’ve got the possibility to create new folders, delete existing files/folders or map
network drives by clicking the appropriate buttons.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

Revision of archive’s structure. By clicking Next for the selected virtual container you can see its properties in a
bright graphical form. To initiate verification, please click Next one more time.
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Result
After the operation is completed you can see results of the check.
Edit/View Sectors
With the built-in Edit/View Sectors tool the program enables to view/edit sectors on existing partitions/hard disks
providing the possibility to directly access and modify sectors, save and restore sectors from specified files, navigate
through the system metadata, etc.
In order to edit/view sectors of a hard disk/partition you should take the following steps:
1. Select a hard disk/partition on the Disk Map.
2. Call a context menu for the selected object by the right mouse click, then select Edit/View Sectors.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
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Careless use of the Edit Sectors function may result in the irreversible data corruption.
Send Log Files
The program enables to simplify the procedure of sending support requests to the Paragon Support Team. In case of
having difficulties with handling the program, you, with the help of this very function, can address the company support
engineers and provide them with all the information they need such as the disk layout, performed operations, etc. in
order to tackle the encountered problem. Information of that kind is stored in Log files.
In order to send log files to the Paragon Support Team you should take the following steps:
1. Click Home Button, then select Send Log Files;
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2. Provide a customer name and a product serial number;
3. Give a detailed description on the encountered problem.
By clicking the Send button the built-in mail client will generate a template request with attached compressed log files
and then send it to the Paragon Support Team.
Log files do not contain any confidential information on the operating system settings or
the user documents.
The Send Log Files function is only available when outgoing mail server (SMTP) and the user
e-mail address are properly set. To learn more about it please consult the Settings
Overview chapter.
View Logs
With a handy dialog you can study logs on any operation carried by the program. To make this job as easy as possible, all
the information is structurally divided, besides there is the possibility to see the disk layout before and after an
operation, what is very convenient.
In order to view logs on carried out operations, click Home Button, then select View Log Files.
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Typical Scenarios
This chapter lists a number of the most frequently used scenarios that may be accomplished with the program. You can
find here useful recommendations and descriptions of operations.
Backup Scenarios
Creating the Backup Capsule
1. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Manage Capsule.
2. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
3. Select a place on the disk where the backup capsule will be created. It can be created as a primary partition or
as a logical drive within an extended partition. It can be inserted into any place on the hard disk: at the end
(preferable), at the beginning or somewhere in the middle between other partitions.
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By default, the program allows the user to create the backup capsule only as the last
primary or as the last logical drive within the extended partition. However, by activating
the advance mode on the first page of the wizard you can remove this restriction that in its
turn might result in some boot problems.
4. Activate the bootable recovery environment if needed. With its help you will get the choice to boot directly
from the backup capsule for maintenance or recovery purposes every time you start up the computer.
If you’re attempting to embed our bootable environment to a GPT disk (just our case), you will be prompted to
provide a path to an .ISO image of the WinPE recovery environment, which can be prepared with Paragon's
Recovery Media Builder. If you have to do with an MBR disk, no preliminary actions are required, as in this case
there will be used a Linux-based image, which is included to the product by default.
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Creation of the bootable backup capsule on an MBR disk will result in overwriting MBR,
thus in case of having a third side boot manager, it will be removed. To avoid that you can
save the current MBR with the help of the Edit/View Sectors tool.
The backup capsule can only be bootable if it is located on the bootable device.
5. Preview the resulted hard disk layout and change size of the backup capsule if necessary by moving the
corresponding slider or manually entering the required value. It will be created at the expense of free space of
the selected disk.
There is no restriction on the size of the backup capsule, merely depending on the available space of the hard
disk and the capacity needed for the backup.
If the wizard cannot find enough free space in one block, it will redistribute free space, joining all free space
blocks together into one united block and moving partitions if necessary. If the total amount of free space is still
not enough, it is possible to split a fragment of space from one of the existing partitions, thus resizing it.
If the partition is locked and cannot be resized, the wizard makes the system reboot to
create the backup capsule and automatically boots the system again. The rebooting
mechanism is different for different versions of Windows.
6. Start the operation (by clicking the Next button) or return to correct the settings.
After the operation is completed you can place backup archives into the created backup capsule.
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This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
New Backup Format
Backing up hard disks or partitions to a network drive
To back up one or several hard disks or individual partitions and then place the resulted image to a network share,
please do the following:
1. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Backup to VD.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
2. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
3. Select Back up volumes to create a sector-level virtual container.
4. Select partitions or entire hard disks you’d like to back up by using Shift or Ctrl to select several objects at once.
Click Next to proceed.
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By default the wizard is configured to back up to pVHD (Paragon Virtual Hard Drive). If you’d like to switch the
resulted virtual container to VHD, VHDX, or VMDK, additionally mark the Change backup settings option. Apart
from the desired virtual container type, you can modify other backup parameters. Please consult the Settings
Overview section for more information.
5. Specify location of the resulted image in the ‘Backup destination’ section. If you’d like to save it locally, either
enter a full path to the target folder in the corresponding field or use the Browse button to find it.
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If you’re going to save the backup image on a network share, or a physical partition (a partition that doesn’t
have a drive letter in the system), click on the Browse button. In the opened dialog you can see several options:
-
Select Disk Drives to use a local disk as backup destination;
-
Select Partitions to use a physical partition as backup destination;
-
Select Backup Capsules to use a Paragon’s backup capsule as backup destination. Please note that this
product doesn’t enable to create or modify the backup capsule. If you’d like to store virtual containers on
this type of backup storage, please use other Paragon’s products to create it;
-
Click on the Map Network Drive icon to map a network share to use it as backup destination (our case).
6. To map a network share, please do the following:
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-
Click the standard browse button [...] to browse for the required network share or manually enter a path to
it;
-
Define a letter from the pull-down list of available drive letters;
-
Mark the checkbox to make this connection permanent. Otherwise it will only be available for the current
Windows session;
-
Specify a user name and password to access the selected network share if necessary.

Click OK when ready.
7. Edit the default archive name and description in the ‘Archive details’ section if necessary. Click Next to proceed.
8. Choose whether to execute the operation immediately after finishing the wizard and applying the pending
changes (only if the virtual mode is enabled) or generate a script file to execute it later.
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9. Click Finish to complete the wizard, then apply the pending changes.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Creating an incremental update to a virtual container
You’re allowed to do several incremental chains based on one full virtual container. If selecting a sector-level container,
the wizard will generate a sector-level incremental image, if having to do with a file-level container – a file-level
increment will be created.
To update a virtual container, please do the following:
1. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Incremental Backup to VD.
2. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
3. On the Browse for Archive page, specify the required full (base) virtual container:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any).
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To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
Our product enables to create several incremental chains to one base image, provided each chain contains
changed data of a particular backup object(s). This option allows much flexibility in managing backup contents.
In the wizard incremental chains will be automatically associated with their base image.
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You’re allowed to merge contents of the last increment in the chain with the previous one, thus updating its
contents. To do that, please select the required last increment, click the Merge with parent button, then
confirm the operation. The merge operation will be accomplished once you confirm it.
The merge operation can only be accomplished if both participants (the last increment and
its parent) are unmounted. Otherwise you’ll get a corresponding warning.
If you’ve got one increment in the chain, the merge operation will result in update of the
base image, provided there’s only one incremental chain from it. Otherwise, the merge
operation will be unavailable.
4. The Archive Content page displays detailed information about the contents of the archive.
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Advanced backup settings are unavailable for this type of backup.
5. Choose whether to execute the operation immediately after finishing the wizard and applying the pending
changes (only if the virtual mode is enabled) or generate a script file to execute it later.
6. Click Finish to complete the wizard, then apply the pending changes.
After the operation is completed you receive an incremental update to the selected backup image, placed next to the
base image.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
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Backing up individual files and folders
To back up required files or folders to a virtual container, please do the following:
1. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Backup to VD.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
2. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
3. Select Back up files to create a file-level virtual container. Please note that this mode won’t help you to restore
an operating system.
4. On the next page you can see a list of all partitions (both mounted and unmounted) available in the system.
Mark a checkbox opposite a file, folder or even a whole partition to build up contents of the future backup
image.
By default the wizard is configured to back up to pVHD (Paragon Virtual Hard Drive). If you’d like to switch the
resulted virtual container to VHD, VHDX, or VMDK, additionally mark the Change backup settings option. Apart
from the desired virtual container type, you can modify other backup parameters. Please consult the Settings
Overview section for more information.
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5. Specify location of the resulted image in the ‘Backup destination’ section. If you’d like to save it locally, either
enter a full path to the target folder in the corresponding field or use the Browse button to find it.
If you’re going to save the backup image on a network share, or a physical partition (a partition that doesn’t
have a drive letter in the system), click on the Browse button. In the opened dialog you can see several options:
-
Select Disk Drives to use a local disk as backup destination;
-
Select Partitions to use a physical partition as backup destination;
-
Click on the Map Network Drive icon to map a network share to use it as backup destination (our case).
6. Edit the default archive name and description in the ‘Archive details’ section if necessary. Click Next to proceed.
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7. Choose whether to execute the operation immediately after finishing the wizard and applying the pending
changes (only if the virtual mode is enabled) or generate a script file to execute it later.
8. Click Finish to complete the wizard, then apply the pending changes.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Creating a file complement to a sector-level container
To update only files you need since the last full virtual container, please do the following:
1. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select File Complement to VD.
2. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
3. Specify the required full (base) virtual container:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any).
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To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
4. On the next page you can see contents of the selected virtual container. Mark a checkbox opposite a file or
folder to build up contents of the future incremental image.
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5. Edit the default description to the created incremental image if necessary.
6. Choose whether to execute the operation immediately after finishing the wizard and applying the pending
changes (only if the virtual mode is enabled) or generate a script file to execute it later.
7. Click Finish to complete the wizard, then apply the pending changes.
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This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Automating regular backup routine
The program includes an efficient tool that helps to set up unattended backup operations involving regular creation of
full and incremental images controlled by special backup data retention policies. This tool is fully compliant with the so
called set-and-forget backup strategies.
To automate regular backup routine, please do the following:
1. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select VD Retention.
2. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
3. Select partitions or entire hard disks you’d like to back up by using Shift or Ctrl to select several objects at once.
Click Next to proceed.
You’ve got the option to modify the default backup settings by marking the appropriate
checkbox on this page.
By default the program will take into account exclude filters set in the Settings dialog.
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4. Specify location of the resulted virtual containers (pVHD, VHD, VHDX, VMDK) in the ‘Backup destination’ section.
If you’d like to save them locally, either enter a full path to the target folder in the corresponding field or use the
Browse button to find it.
If you’re going to save backup images on a network share, or a physical partition (a partition that doesn’t have a
drive letter in the system), click on the Browse button. In the opened dialog you can see several options:
-
Select Disk Drives to use a local disk as backup destination;
-
Select Partitions to use a physical partition as backup destination;
-
Click on the Map Network Drive icon to map a network share to use it as backup destination (our case).
5. To map a network share, please do the following:
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-
Click the standard browse button [...] to browse for the required network share or manually enter a path to
it;
-
Define a letter from the pull-down list of available drive letters;
-
Mark the checkbox to make this connection permanent. Otherwise it will only be available for the current
Windows session;
-
Specify a user name and password to access the selected network share if necessary.

Click OK when ready.
6. Edit the default archive name and description in the ‘Archive details’ section if necessary. This name will help to
differentiate images of the specified backup object(s) from other backup images. Each name includes the base
part (actually its name) and creation date and time (year, month, day and hour, minutes). Click Next to proceed.
7. On the Retention policy settings page, choose the desired backup routine mode:
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
Create full backups only. Use the option to make the program create full images of the specified backup
object(s) only. Additionally you will be able to set the number of images (1 by default) you’d like to retain on
the backup storage. On exceeding this parameter the oldest archive will be automatically overwritten.

Create full and incremental backups. Use this option to make the program create full and incremental
images of the specified backup object(s). By setting the maximum number of incremental chains to retain (1
by default), you can define the desired number of incremental chains you’d like to retain on the storage,
while setting the maximum number of images each chain is allowed to have (1 by default), you can define
how often you’d like full images to be created. By using these two options you can keep several restore
points of the required data with the minimal load on the backup storage.
8. Set a timetable for the operation and a number of additional parameters.
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By clicking the Specify user name and password link you can define, whether to allow the program to do
backups under the current user (a backup task will only start if this user is logged on) or provide credentials
(name and password) of a particular user (recommended, as a backup task will be able to start no matter what
user is logged on, if any).
To know more on the subject, please consult the Task Scheduling chapter.
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9. Click Finish to complete the wizard, then apply the pending changes.
The operation will run according to the set timetable. The resulted backup images will be placed into the specified
destination (a local or a network disk), its features defined by the wizard.
Legacy Backup Format
Backing up a hard disk or partition to the Backup Capsule
To back up an entire hard disk or a separate partition and then place the resulted image into the backup capsule, please
do the following:
1. Create the backup capsule with the Manage Backup Capsule Wizard.
2. Enable the Legacy features view.
3. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Smart Backup.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
4. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
5. On the What to back up page, select Disk or Partitions to create a sector-based backup of the whole disk
system, or only separate partitions.
6. On the next page, mark the appropriate option opposite a hard disk’s name or a partition’s name depending on
the chosen task.
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You’ve got the option to modify the default backup settings by marking the appropriate
checkbox on this page.
By default the program will take into account exclude filters set in the Settings dialog.
7. On the Backup Destination page, select the Save data to the Backup Capsule option.
8. Edit the archive name if necessary.
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Please take into account values of the parameters Estimated archive size and Space
available on backup destination - if the archive size exceeds the available space, delete
outdated backups from the Backup Capsule or resize it with the Manage Backup Capsule
Wizard.
9. Add comments to your backup describing its contents.
10. On the Backup Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Backing up a hard disk or partition to external media (CD/DVD)
To back up an entire hard disk or a separate partition and then burn the resulted image to CD/DVD, please do the
following:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Smart Backup.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the What to back up page, select Disk or Partitions to create a sector-based backup of the whole disk
system, or only separate partitions.
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5. On the next page, mark the appropriate option opposite a hard disk’s name or a partition’s name depending on
the chosen task.
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You’ve got the option to modify the default backup settings by marking the appropriate
checkbox on this page.
By default the program will take into account exclude filters set in the Settings dialog.
6. On the Backup Destination page, select the Burn the data to CD or DVD option.
7. Select a recordable device on the list of available CD/DVD devices and edit the archive name, if necessary.
Please take into account the Estimated archive size value. It can give you a hint about the
number of CD/DVD discs required for the operation.
8. Add comments to your backup describing its contents.
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9. On the Backup Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Backing up a hard disk or partition to a network drive
To back up an entire hard disk or a separate partition and then place the resulted image to a network share, please do
the following:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Smart Backup.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the What to back up page, select Disk or Partitions to create a sector-based backup of the whole disk
system, or only separate partitions.
5. On the next page, mark the appropriate option opposite a hard disk’s name or a partition’s name depending on
the chosen task.
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You’ve got the option to modify the default backup settings by marking the appropriate
checkbox on this page.
By default the program will take into account exclude filters set in the Settings dialog.
6. On the Backup Destination page, select the Save data to local/network drives option.
7. Map a network disk to place your backup image to:
-
Call the Map Network Drive dialog by clicking the appropriate button;
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-
Click the standard browse button [...] to browse for the required network share or manually enter a path to
it;
-
Define a letter from the pull-down list of available drive letters;
-
Mark the checkbox to make this connection permanent. Otherwise it will only be available for the current
Windows session;
-
Click the Connect as user button at the foot of the dialog page to specify a user name and password to
access the selected network share if necessary.
8. Edit the archive name if necessary.
Please take into account values of the parameters Estimated archive size and Space
available on backup destination - if the archive size exceeds the available space, another
network drive needs to be selected.
9. Add comments to your backup describing its contents.
10. On the Backup Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
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Backing up files to an FTP/SFTP server
With our program you can protect the entire system, separate partitions, or particular files by backing up directly to
online storages located on FTP or SFTP servers. Please note however, that due to certain limitations of the network
bandwidth, the use of FTP/SFTP locations for storing many GBs of data (OS together with all on-disk data) isn’t the best
choice, but it’s great for personal data, like your documents, email databases, photos, etc.
So let’s see how to back up all office documents of the My Documents folder to an SFTP server:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Smart Backup.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the What to back up page, select Documents to protect all office documents inside the My Documents
folder.
5. On the next page, choose FTP Servers as backup storage.
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6. Click on the Create an FPT Location button to set up parameters for the required SFTP location.
- Use SFTP connection. Mark the option to connect to the desired SFTP server;
- Address. Type in its address;
- Port. Specify the required port (22 by default);
- Anonymous login. Mark the option to set up anonymous connection. Typical username for this type of login is
“anonymous”;
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- Allow Open SSH key-based authentication. If your SFTP provider requires this type of authentication, mark the
option to specify public and private keys and a passphrase;
- Login. Enter a login;
- Password. Enter a password. Click Remember password to save it next time you back up to this location;
- Name. By default, the program uses the provided address as the connection name, which can be modified
however.
You need to check out yourself Windows Firewall or programs of this kind let our program
work with the required port (21 for FTP and 22 for SFTP by default).
7. When ready, click the Connect button to check out you’ve got access to the provided location. If yes, you’ll get a
new item on the list named after this location. By clicking the + icon you can browse it to specify a more exact
location for your backup. At this stage you can also edit the default archive name if necessary.
8. Add comments to your backup describing its contents.
9. To prevent unauthorized access to your personal data, we strongly recommend you to password protect your
backup.
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10. On the Backup Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Backing up a dual boot Mac to an external USB drive
To back up a dual boot Mac (Mac OS X and Windows XP/Vista/7/8) and then place the resulted image to an external
USB drive, please do the following:
1. Start up the computer from our Linux/DOS recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Connect an external USB drive to the computer.
3. Restart the computer. It will be automatically started up into the Linux recovery environment (Normal Mode),
since it’s the only mode that provides support for Mac computers.
4. In the Linux launch menu select Backup & Recovery.
5. Launch the Backup Wizard by selecting in the Main Menu of the program: Wizards > Backup Wizard.
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6. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
7. On the What to back up page, select your Mac hard disk.
8. On the Backup Destination page, select the Save data to any local drive or a network share option.
9. Select an external USB drive as a backup destination.
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10. Edit the archive name if necessary.
Please take into account values of the parameters Estimated archive size and Space
available on backup destination - if the archive size exceeds the available space, another
drive needs to be selected.
11. Add comments to your backup describing its contents.
12. On the Backup Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
This operation can also be accomplished under Windows.
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Backing up files to a local mounted/unmounted (without drive letter assigned) partition
To back up required files or folders and then place the resulted image to a local mounted/unmounted drive, please do
the following:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Smart Backup.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the What to back up page, first take a look at the ready-made backup templates. If none of the options
meets you needs (just our case), then select Other Files and Folders to create a file-based backup of certain
data.
5. On the What folders and files to back up page you can see a list of all partitions (both mounted and unmounted)
available in the system. Mark a checkbox opposite a file, folder or even a whole partition to build up contents of
the future backup image.
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6. On the Backup Destination page, select a local mounted/unmounted (without drive letter assigned) disk as a
backup destination.
7. Edit the archive name if necessary.
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8. Specify include masks. The program includes a lot of ready-made filters to effectively control contents of your
backup images.
You can also create your own filter by clicking the Add category… button.

Name. Give to the filter any name you like, but try to use an informative one;

Filter. Press the Browse button to select files or folders you would like to be included or specify a filter
mask by using * or ? wildcards;

Description. Add a short description to the filter not to miss it up later.
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Click the OK button and you will get a new item on the list of filters. By marking/unmarking a checkbox opposite
its name you can choose whether to use it or not.
By setting an include mask, you automatically ignore files that do not match to it, thus they
won’t be added to the backup image.
9. Specify exclude masks. The program includes a lot of ready-made filters to effectively control contents of your
backup images.
10. Add comments to your backup describing its contents.
11. To prevent unauthorized access to your personal data, we strongly recommend you to password protect your
backup.
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12. On the Backup Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Creating a differential to a full partition backup
To update an image of the selected partition, please do the following:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Differential Backup.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page, specify the required full (base) partition archive:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any).
To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
5. The Archive Content page displays detailed information about the contents of the archive. It includes a full
description of properties about the partition. In addition, there is the possibility to modify backup settings. To
activate the advance mode, you need to mark the appropriate option at the foot of the page.
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6. On the Backup Destination page, select where you want to place your backup image.
7. Edit the archive name if necessary.
Please take into account values of the parameters Estimated archive size and Space
available on backup destination - if the archive size exceeds the available space, another
drive needs to be selected.
8. Add comments to your backup describing its contents;
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9. On the Backup Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
After the operation is completed you receive a differential backup of the selected partition. It is placed into the specified
destination (a local or network disk, the Backup Capsule or a CD/DVD disc), its features defined by the wizard.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Creating a sector increment to a full partition backup
Before you start, please take into account the following issues:

You should have a full backup of the new type (with a .pfi index file). Any of our flagship products since Backup &
Recovery 12 supports this functionality;

Increments can only be created for full archives stored on a local mounted drive or a network share;

Increments will be stored together with the corresponding full archive;

Increments cannot be created for archives of entire GPT disks;

Increments can only be restored under Windows (if no restart is needed) or WinPE;

Increments can only be used with our software;

Increment cannot be encrypted, compressed, or split;

Increments cannot be browsed in Volume Explorer.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Basic Concepts section.
To update an image of the selected partition, please do the following:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Incremental Backup.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page, specify the required full (base) partition archive:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any). Please note that only sector-based images of the new type (with a .pfi index file) are
available to work with.
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To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image. Please
note that only sector-based images of the new type (with a .pfi index file) are available to work with.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
5. The Archive Content page displays detailed information about the contents of the archive.
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Advanced backup settings are unavailable for sector-based increments due to the usage of
the new image container (.pVHD).
6. Add comments to your backup describing its contents;
7. On the Backup Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
After the operation is completed you receive an incremental update to the selected backup image, placed next to the
base image.
This operation can also be accomplished with the WinPE recovery media.
Creating a file increment to a full partition backup
To update only files you need since the last full partition backup, please do the following:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
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2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Create File Complement.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page, specify the required full (base) partition archive:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any).
To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
5. On the What folders and files to back up page you can see contents of the selected partition archive. Mark a
checkbox opposite a file or folder to build up contents of the future incremental image.
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6. Specify include masks. The program includes a lot of ready-made filters to effectively control contents of your
backup images.
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You can also create your own filter by clicking the Add category… button.

Name. Give to the filter any name you like, but try to use an informative one;

Filter. Press the Browse button to select files or folders you would like to be included or specify a filter mask
by using * or ? wildcards;

Description. Add a short description to the filter not to miss it up later.
Click the OK button and you will get a new item on the list of filters. By marking/unmarking a checkbox opposite
its name you can choose whether to use it or not.
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By setting an include mask, you automatically ignore files that do not match to it, thus they
won’t be added to the backup image.
7. Specify exclude masks. The program includes a lot of ready-made filters to effectively control contents of your
backup images.
8. Add comments to your backup describing its contents.
9. On the Backup Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
After the operation is completed you receive an incremental backup of the selected partition archive containing
information specified in the wizard. It is placed into the same destination as the base image.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Creating an increment to a full file backup
To update a file backup, please do the following:
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1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Create Incremental File Archive.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page, specify the required full (base) file archive:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any).
To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
After the operation is completed you receive an incremental backup of the selected file archive. It is placed into the
same destination as the base image.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Creating a cyclic partition backup
To automate the partition backup process, please do the following:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Cyclic Backup.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button;
4. On the What to back up page, select a partition you want to make a cyclic backup of;
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The current version of the program enables to make a cyclic backup of only one partition at
a time.
5. On the Backup Destination page, select a mounted/unmounted partition, a network share, or an FTP server to
place backup images to.
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6. Edit the archive name if necessary.
Please take into account values of the parameters Estimated archive size and Space
available on backup destination - if the archive size exceeds the available space, another
drive needs to be selected.
7. Add comments to your backup describing its contents.
8. Set a timetable for the operation.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Task Scheduling chapter.
9. On the Cyclic backup type page, choose the way of creating a cyclic backup:

Base type. Every image created during the operation will be made as a full archive.

Differential type. Every first image will be made as a full (base) archive and all the others will be
differentiated from it. This operation requires much less space, thus considerably saving your system
resources.
By setting the Maximum disk space to store images and the Maximum number of images to store parameters
you may define when the operation will be cycled. That means that on exceeding these two parameters the
oldest archives will be automatically overwritten (if choosing the Differential type only differential images will
be overwritten).
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10. On the Backup Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
Merging a full partition backup with one of its differentials
To merge a full partition backup with one of its differentials, thus getting a new full partition archive, please do the
following:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Synthetic Backup.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page, you only need to specify the required differential archive. The program then
will automatically find its base image:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any).
To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
5. On the Synthesis Settings page you can additionally modify any property of the selected backup image if
necessary. To accomplish our task we have no need to change anything at all.
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6. On the Synthetic Archive Destination page, select where you want to place the resulted backup image.
7. Edit the archive name if necessary.
Please take into account values of the parameters Estimated archive size and Space
available on backup destination - if the archive size exceeds the available space, another
drive needs to be selected.
8. Add comments to your backup describing its contents;
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9. On the Synthesis Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary. Click the
Next button to start the backup process.
After the operation is completed you receive a new full partition archive. It is placed into the specified destination (a
local or network disk, or a CD/DVD disc), its features defined by the wizard.
This function is currently unavailable for modification of entire hard disk backups.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Recovery Scenarios
New Backup Format
Restoring an entire hard disk or system partition from network storage
Let’s assume that your computer fails to boot because of a virus attack or corruption of some system critical files. But
you’ve got a backup of your hard disk on a remote backup server. That’s just enough to easily get your system back on
track again.
1. Start up the computer from the WinPE recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Select Switch to Full Scale Launcher, then click the Restore from VD item of the Wizards menu.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page you need to specify the required backup image:

Map a network disk where your archives are placed:
- Call the Map Network Drive dialog by clicking the appropriate button;
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- Click the standard browse button [...] to browse for the required network share or manually enter a path
to it;
- Define a letter from the pull-down list of available drive letters;
- Click the Connect as user button at the foot of the dialog page to specify a user name and password to
access the selected network share if necessary.
You can also map a network disk with Network Configurator.

Choose the required archive in the browser-like window. The Archive File Details section displays a short
description of the selected image. If you need more information on the selected backup object, please click
the corresponding link at the bottom of the section. Click Next to proceed.
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5. Select Restore disk or partition.
6. The What to Restore page displays detailed information about the contents of the archive. Select the required
item to restore.
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If you need to restore several backup objects in one operation, please use the Linux-based
recovery media.
7. On the Where to Restore page specify a hard disk, then one of its partitions to restore the image to (if several in
your computer). By default, the program offers to restore the archive exactly where it belongs. That’s what we
actually need.
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All contents on the partition selected for restoring purposes will be deleted during the
operation.
8. On the Restore Results page you can see the resulted disk layout. Besides there’s the possibility to change size
of the partition and its location if necessary as well as assign a particular drive letter. If you’ve got to do with a
64-bit Windows configured to the uEFI boot mode, the Switch EFI to boot from destination drive option will
become available for you to define what instance of Windows OS you’d like to boot from once the operation is
over. Anyway you can specify a bootable device at any time through Boot Corrector.
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9. Choose whether to execute the operation immediately after finishing the wizard and applying the pending
changes (only if the virtual mode is enabled) or generate a file to execute it later.
10. Click Finish to complete the wizard, then apply the pending changes.
11. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
Mark the checkbox at the bottom of the window to automatically switch off the computer on the successful
accomplishment of the restore operation.
12. After completing the operation, please reboot the computer.
To make Windows bootable on different hardware, please additionally complete the P2P
Adjust OS Wizard.
Restoring individual files and folders
1. Start up the computer from the WinPE recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Select Switch to Full Scale Launcher, then click the Restore from VD item of the Wizards menu.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page, specify the required virtual container:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any).
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To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
5. Select Restore files and folders.
6. On the next page specify what you need to extract from the backup by marking checkboxes next to the required
data items. At the right lower corner of the window you can see the resulted amount of the selected data.
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7. Next you need to choose the way the selected data will be restored. In our case we’d rather restore contents of
the backup to its original location with replacing existing files as well.
8. Choose whether to execute the operation immediately after finishing the wizard and applying the pending
changes (only if the virtual mode is enabled) or generate a script file to execute it later.
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9. Click Finish to complete the wizard, then apply the pending changes.
10. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
Mark the checkbox at the bottom of the window to automatically switch off the computer on the successful
accomplishment of the restore operation.
This operation can also be accomplished under Windows.
Legacy Backup Format
Restoring a hard disk from the bootable Backup Capsule
Let’s assume that your computer fails to boot because of a virus attack or corruption of some system critical files. But
you’ve got the bootable backup capsule containing a backup of your hard disk. That’s just enough to easily get your
system back on track again.
To restore your hard disk from a backup image contained in the backup capsule when the current OS is down, please do
the following:
1. Start up the computer from the bootable backup capsule. By default, the program offers to use the F1 hot key to
boot from it.
This scenario implies that the backup capsule is bootable.
2. In the boot menu select Normal Mode to use the Linux recovery environment (more preferable) or Safe Mode
to use the PTS DOS recovery environment (in case you’ve got problems with Linux).
By default the Normal Mode will be automatically initiated after a 10 second idle period.
3. In the Linux launch menu select the Restore from VD Wizard. You can find the same wizard in PTS DOS as well.
4. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
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5. On the What to Restore page, you can see a list of available images (if several). Most likely the required archive
will be there too. If not, click the standard browse button [...] to find it. When you find your image, double click
on it to proceed.
6. On the Image Properties page, make sure that you select the correct image by viewing the provided information
about the archive.
7. On the next page specify a hard disk to restore the image to (if several in your computer). By default, the
program offers to restore the archive exactly where it belongs. That’s what we actually need.
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You can also make the program resize the on-disk partitions proportionally if necessary by marking the
appropriate checkbox.
All contents on the disk selected for restoring purposes will be deleted during the
operation.
8. On the Restore Summary page you can see your hard disk layout before and after the operation. Click the Next
button to initiate the restore process.
9. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
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10. After completing the operation close the wizard and reboot the computer.
To make Windows bootable on different hardware, please additionally complete the P2P
Adjust OS Wizard.
Restoring a system partition from external media (CD/DVD)
Let’s assume that your computer fails to boot because of a virus attack or corruption of some system critical files. But
you’ve got a backup of your system partition on a bootable DVD disc. That’s just enough to easily get your system back
on track again.
To restore your system partition from a backup image located on CD/DVD when the current OS is down, please do the
following:
1. Insert a CD/DVD disc containing the previously prepared backup image into a CD/DVD drive (the BIOS must be
enabled to boot the system from the CD/DVD device).
This scenario implies that you have got a bootable archive on your CD/DVD.
In case the backup image is stored on several CD/DVD disks, please insert the first one.
2. Restart the computer.
3. In the boot menu select Normal Mode to use the Linux recovery environment (more preferable) or Safe Mode
to use the PTS DOS recovery environment (in case you’ve got problems with Linux). Moreover you’ve got the
option to boot into the Low-Graphics Safe Mode (PTS DOS safe mode) to cope with a serious hardware
incompatibility. In this case, only the minimal set of drivers will be included, like hard disk, monitor, and
keyboard drivers. This mode has simple graphics and a simple menu.
By default the Normal Mode will be automatically initiated after a 10 second idle period.
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4. In the PTS DOS launch menu select the Restore from VD Wizard. You can find the same wizard in Linux as well.
5. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
6. On the What to Restore page, you can see a list of available images (if several). Most likely the required archive
will be there too. If not, click the standard browse button [...] to find it. When you find your image, double click
on it to proceed.
7. On the Image Properties page, make sure that you select the correct image by viewing the provided information
about the archive.
8. On the next page specify a hard disk, then one of its partitions to restore the image to (if several in your
computer). By default, the program offers to restore the archive exactly where it belongs. That’s what we
actually need.
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All contents on the partition selected for restoring purposes will be deleted during the
operation.
9. On the Partition Start and Size page you can change size of the partition and its location if necessary.
10. On the Restore Summary page you can see your hard disk layout before and after the operation. Click the Next
button to initiate the restore process.
11. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
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12. After completing the operation close the wizard, and then reboot the computer.
To make Windows bootable on different hardware, please additionally complete the P2P
Adjust OS Wizard.
Restoring a system partition from a network drive
To restore your system partition from a backup image located on a network drive, please do the following:
1. Start up the computer from the WinPE recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Enable the Legacy features view.
3. Launch the Restore Wizard.
4. On the Restore Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
5. On the Browse for Archive page you need to specify the required backup image. So you should take the
following steps to do that:

Select Network as a backup destination;
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
Map a network disk where your archives are placed:
- Call the Map Network Drive dialog by clicking the appropriate button;
- Click the standard browse button [...] to browse for the required network share or manually enter a path
to it;
- Define a letter from the pull-down list of available drive letters;
- Click the Connect as user button at the foot of the dialog page to specify a user name and password to
access the selected network share if necessary.
You can also map a network disk with Network Configurator.

Choose the required archive in the browser-like window. The Archive File Details section displays a short
description of the selected image.
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6. The What to Restore page displays detailed information about the contents of the archive. Select the required
item to restore. In our case it is the first partition of the disk.
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7. On the Where to Restore page specify a hard disk, then one of its partitions to restore the image to (if several in
your computer). By default, the program offers to restore the archive exactly where it belongs. That’s what we
actually need.
All contents on the partition selected for restoring purposes will be deleted during the
operation.
8. On the Restore Results page you can see the resulted disk layout. Besides there’s the possibility to change size
of the partition and its location if necessary as well as assign a particular drive letter. If you’ve got to do with a
64-bit Windows configured to the uEFI boot mode, the Switch EFI to boot from destination drive option will
become available for you to define what instance of Windows OS you’d like to boot from once the operation is
over. Anyway you can specify a bootable device at any time through Boot Corrector.
9. On the next page of the wizard confirm the operation by selecting the appropriate option.
10. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
Mark the checkbox at the bottom of the window to automatically switch off the computer on the successful
accomplishment of the restore operation.
11. After completing the operation close the wizard, and then reboot the computer.
Restoring a system partition from a local drive
Let’s assume that your operating system gives trouble after having installed brand new software. But you’ve got a
backup of the system partition on a local disk. That’s just enough to easily roll it back to the point when run smoothly.
To restore your system partition from a backup image located on a local disk, please do the following:
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1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Restore.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. On the Restore Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page, specify the required archive:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any).
To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
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
By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
5. On the Where to Restore page specify a hard disk, then one of its partitions to restore the image to (if several in
your computer). By default, the program offers to restore the archive exactly where it belongs. That’s what we
actually need.
All contents on the partition selected for restoring purposes will be deleted during the
operation.
6. On the Restore Results page you can see the resulted disk layout. Besides there’s the possibility to change size
of the partition and its location if necessary as well as assign a particular drive letter.
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7. Complete the wizard and then apply the pending changes.
8. The program will require the system restart to accomplish the operation in a special boot-up mode. Click the
appropriate button to agree.
9. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
After completing the operation the program will automatically reboot the computer.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
To make Windows bootable on different hardware, please additionally complete the P2P
Adjust OS Wizard.
Restoring a dual boot Mac from an external USB drive
Let’s assume that your Mac fails to boot because of a hard disk malfunction. But you’ve got a backup of your hard disk
on an external USB drive. Just replace the failed disk with a new one and carry out a bare metal restore.
To restore a dual boot Mac from a backup image located on an external USB drive, please do the following:
1. Start up the computer from our Linux/DOS recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Connect an external USB drive to the computer.
3. Restart the computer.
4. In the boot menu select Normal Mode to use the Linux recovery environment, since it’s the only mode that
enables to work with USB devices.
By default the Normal Mode will be automatically initiated after a 10 second idle period.
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5. In the Linux launch menu select the Restore from VD Wizard.
6. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
7. On the What to Restore page, click the standard browse button [...] to find the required archive. When done,
double click on it to select.
8. On the Image Properties page, make sure that you select the correct image by viewing the provided information
about the archive.
9. On the next page specify a hard disk to restore the image to.
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All contents on disk selected for restoring purposes will be deleted during the operation.
10. On the Restore Summary page you can see your hard disk layout before and after the operation. Click the Next
button to initiate the restore process.
11. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
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12. After completing the operation close the wizard, and then reboot the computer.
Restoring a file increment
Let’s assume that you’re busy with developing some project and you make file increments of it on a day-to-day basis not
to lose valuable information. So you’ve got a file backup chain. One day you understand that the job of the last three
days is a complete and utter failure. Don’t give up – recover your project to the state when everything’s ok.
To restore a file increment, please do the following:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Restore.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. On the Restore Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page, specify the required file increment:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any).
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To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
5. On the How to Restore page specify the way your archive will be restored. In our case we’d rather restore
contents of the backup to its original location with replacing existing files as well.
6. Complete the wizard and then apply the pending changes.
7. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
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Restoring a file increment to a partition backup
Let’s assume that your operating system gives trouble because of a virus attack. But you’ve got a backup of your system
partition on a local disk. Besides you make file increments of your documents and e-mail database to that backup on a
regular basis. That’s just enough to easily roll everything back to the point when run smoothly.
To restore your system partition with a file increment from a backup image located on a local disk, please do the
following:
1. Enable the Legacy features view.
2. Click the Backup & Restore tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Restore.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
3. On the Restore Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page, specify the required file increment archive to your system partition backup:

By clicking the Switch to Archive List View link, you can see a list of images contained in the Archive
Database (if any).
To get a clear-cut picture on properties of the required image, just click on it and the section below will (i.e.
Archive File Details) display a short description.
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To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.

By clicking the Switch to File View link, you can find the required image in the browser-like window. The
section below (i.e. Archive File Details) will also display a short description of the selected image.
To know more on the subject, please consult the Viewing Image Properties chapter.
5. On the How to Restore File Complement page select whether you want to restore both, the partition archive
and the desired file increment or just the file increment. In our case we choose the first option.
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6. On the Where to Restore page specify a hard disk, then one of its partitions to restore the image to (if several in
your computer). By default, the program offers to restore the archive exactly where it belongs. That’s what we
actually need.
All contents on the partition selected for restoring purposes will be deleted during the
operation.
7. On the Restore Results page you can see the resulted disk layout. Besides there’s the possibility to change size
of the partition and its location if necessary as well as assign a particular drive letter.
8. Complete the wizard and then apply the pending changes.
9. The program will require the system restart to accomplish the operation in a special boot-up mode. Click the
appropriate button to agree.
10. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
After completing the operation the program will automatically reboot the computer.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
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Restoring separate files and folders from a backup
The program provides a very convenient option to access backup archives and restore only data you need (the so called
selective restore functionality).
Restore Wizard
To restore separate files and folders from a backup image with the Restore Wizard, please do the following:
1. Start up the computer from the WinPE recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Launch the Restore Wizard.
3. On the Restore Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. On the Browse for Archive page choose the required archive in the browser-like window. The Archive File
Details section displays a short description of the selected image.
5. On the next page specify what you need to extract from the backup by marking checkboxes next to the required
data items. At the right lower corner of the window you can see the resulted amount of the selected data.
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6. On the How to Restore page specify the way the selected data will be restored. In our case we’d rather restore
contents of the backup to its original location with replacing existing files as well.
7. On the Restore Summary page review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary.
8. On the next page of the wizard confirm the operation by selecting the appropriate option.
9. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
10. After completing the operation close the wizard, and then reboot the computer.
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This operation can also be accomplished under Windows.
File Transfer Wizard
To restore separate files and folders from a backup image with the File Transfer Wizard, please do the following:
1. Call the popup menu for the required backup image (right click of the mouse button) in the Archive Database
and then select the menu item: Restore File from Archive. Thus you automatically open it with the File Transfer
Wizard.
2. Select files you want to copy and place them to Clipboard by pressing the left arrow-button.
3. On the Select Destination Type, choose the way the data will be stored. Select the Save data to any local drive
or a network share item.
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4. On the Select Destination Path page, specify the exact place to copy the data to.
5. On the Transfer Summary page check all parameters of the operation. Click the Next button to accomplish the
operation.
6. After the operation is completed, close the wizard by pressing the appropriate button.
Volume Explorer
To restore separate files and folders from a backup image with Volume Explorer, please do the following:
1. Click the Volume Explorer tab on the Ribbon Panel;
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2. Browse for the required archive and then open it by double click of the left mouse button.
3. Call a context menu (right click of the mouse button) for a file/folder you need and then select the Export item.
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4. Select a place on the disk where the file/folder will be extracted to.
5. Click the OK button to accomplish the operation.
The current version of the program does not enable to access virtual containers and file
archives with Volume Explorer.
Fixing Boot Problems without Restore
Correcting EFI parameters
To specify a bootable device in the EFI boot entry, please do the following:
1. Start up the computer from the WinPE recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Launch Boot Corrector.
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3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. Select Correct EFI parameters to specify the required bootable device in the EFI boot entry.
The option above will be available for the user, only if the operation is accomplished
through the 64-bit WinPE media.
5. The wizard will detect and list all available GPT partitions that accommodate 64-bit Windows OS. Choose the
one you need to boot from, to let the wizard modify the EFI boot entry correspondingly.
6. Confirm the operation.
7. Click the Finish button to close Boot Corrector.
8. Restart the computer.
Correcting BCD (Boot Configuration Data)
To automatically correct Windows BCD, please do the following:
1. Start up the computer from the WinPE recovery media.
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Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Launch Boot Corrector.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. Select Correct boot parameters… to let the wizard fix BCD in all found Windows installations.
5. Confirm the operation.
6. Click the Finish button to close Boot Corrector.
7. Restart the computer.
Fixing Windows startup ability
Let’s assume that due to an unknown reason your Windows fails to complete the startup procedure. At first everything
seems quite OK, you can see the standard startup messages on the screen, but at some moment it hangs up.
To fix your Windows startup ability, please do the following:
1. Start up the computer from our Linux/DOS recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. In the boot menu select Normal Mode to use the Linux recovery environment (more preferable) or Safe Mode
to use the PTS DOS recovery environment (in case you’ve got problems with Linux). Moreover you’ve got the
option to boot into the Low-Graphics Safe Mode (PTS DOS safe mode) to cope with a serious hardware
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incompatibility. In this case, only the minimal set of drivers will be included, like hard disk, monitor, and
keyboard drivers. This mode has simple graphics and a simple menu.
By default the Normal Mode will be automatically initiated after a 10 second idle period.
3. In the Linux launch menu select Boot Corrector. You can find it in PTS DOS as well.
4. On the Wizard's Welcome page, select the Search for Windows installations to correct option.
5. On the next page choose the required Windows installation from the list of found installations (if several), then
select the Edit the Boot.ini file option. If you’re not sure which installation you need, please use the Properties
button to get more info on the selected item.
6. Examine the file – maybe that’s where the problem is. If it contains a mistake, correct it by using the appropriate
buttons.
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7. If the Boot.ini file does not contain any mistake, please return to the Correct Windows Installations page to
correct drive letters in the Windows System Registry.
8. On the next page choose a hard disk from the pull-down list (if several), then the required partition. If you’re not
sure which installation you need, please use the Properties button to get more info on the selected item.
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9. Click the Edit Letters button to correct an existing drive letter or assign a new one in the Windows System
Registry.
10. Once you’ve assigned the appropriate drive letter, close the dialog, then click the Apply button.
11. Confirm the operation.
12. After the operation is completed click the Report button to see a well informative summary page. The program
also enables to store the resulted report. To do that, just press the Save button and choose the exact location in
the opened dialog.
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13. Click the Finish button to close Boot Corrector.
14. Reboot the computer.
Retrieving/Transferring Individual Files and Folders
Copying of data from the corrupted system disk to another hard disk
To retrieve valuable information from your hard disk and copy it to another hard disk when the system fails to boot,
please do the following:
1. Connect the second hard disk to the computer.
2. Start up the computer from our Linux/DOS recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
3. In the boot menu select Normal Mode to use the Linux recovery environment (more preferable) or Safe Mode
to use the PTS DOS recovery environment (in case you’ve got problems with Linux). Moreover you’ve got the
option to boot into the Low-Graphics Safe Mode (PTS DOS safe mode) to cope with a serious hardware
incompatibility. In this case, only the minimal set of drivers will be included, like hard disk, monitor, and
keyboard drivers. This mode has simple graphics and a simple menu.
By default the Normal Mode will be automatically initiated after a 10 second idle period.
4. In the Linux launch menu select the File Transfer Wizard. You can find the same wizard in PTS DOS as well.
5. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
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6. Select a disk where the files you need are stored from the pull-down list in the right pane of the page.
7. Select files you want to copy and place them to Clipboard by pressing the left arrow-button.
Click the Calc button to estimate the resulted data size.
8. On the Select Destination Type, choose the way the data will be stored. Select the Save data to any local drive
or a network share item.
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9. On the Select Destination Path page, select a hard disk to copy the data to by pressing the standard browse
button [...].
10. On the Transfer Summary page check all parameters of the operation. Click the Next button to accomplish the
operation.
11. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
12. After the operation is completed, close the wizard by pressing the appropriate button.
13. Turn off the computer.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Burning of data from the corrupted system disk to CD/DVD
To retrieve valuable information from your hard disk and burn it to CD/DVD when the system fails to boot, please do the
following:
1. Start up the computer from our Linux/DOS recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
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2. In the boot menu select Normal Mode to use the Linux recovery environment, since it’s the only mode that
enables to burn CD/DVD discs.
By default the Normal Mode will be automatically initiated after a 10 second idle period.
3. In the Linux launch menu select the File Transfer Wizard. You can find the same wizard in PTS DOS as well.
4. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
5. Select a disk where the files you need are stored from the pull-down list in the right pane of the page.
6. Select files you want to copy and place them to Clipboard by pressing the left arrow-button.
Click the Calc button to estimate the resulted data size.
7. On the Select Destination Type, choose the way the data will be stored. Select the Burn data to CD/DVD item.
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8. On the Choose a Recorder page, select a recorder from the list of available devices and then set a volume label
by entering it in the appropriate field.
9. On the Transfer Summary page check all parameters of the operation. Click the Next button to accomplish the
operation.
10. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
11. After the operation is completed, close the wizard by pressing the appropriate button.
12. Turn off the computer.
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This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
Copying of data from a backup to the corrupted system partition
The system fails to boot since some files are damaged. If you have a backup of the system partition, you can recopy
these files to make the system be operable again:
1. Start up the computer from our Linux/DOS recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. In the boot menu select Normal Mode to use the Linux recovery environment (more preferable) or Safe Mode
to use the PTS DOS recovery environment (in case you’ve got problems with Linux). Moreover you’ve got the
option to boot into the Low-Graphics Safe Mode (PTS DOS safe mode) to cope with a serious hardware
incompatibility. In this case, only the minimal set of drivers will be included, like hard disk, monitor, and
keyboard drivers. This mode has simple graphics and a simple menu.
By default the Normal Mode will be automatically initiated after a 10 second idle period.
3. In the Linux launch menu select the File Transfer Wizard. You can find the same wizard in PTS DOS as well.
4. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
5. Select a disk where the system backup is stored from the pull-down list in the right pane of the page.
6. Double click on the required backup to open.
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7. Select files you want to copy and place them to Clipboard by pressing the left arrow-button.
Click the Calc button to estimate the resulted data size.
8. On the Select Destination Type, choose the way the data will be stored. Select the Save data to any local drive
or a network share item.
9. On the Select Destination Path page, select your system disk to copy the data to by pressing the standard
browse button [...].
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10. On the Transfer Summary page check all parameters of the operation. Click the Next button to accomplish the
operation.
11. In the Progress window you can see in real-time a detailed report on all actions carried out by the program.
12. After the operation is completed, close the wizard by pressing the appropriate button.
13. Turn off the computer.
This operation can also be accomplished with our recovery media.
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System Migration Scenarios
Migrating system to a new HDD (up to 2.2TB in size)
Let’s assume that you’ve bought a new hard disk that is up to 2.2TB in capacity. It’s faster and of much higher capacity
than your current system disk, so it’s quite natural you start thinking about system migration. We can help you do that.
To migrate your system to a hard disk that doesn’t exceed the 2.2TB capacity limit, please do the following:
1. Connect both source and destination disks to the computer.
2. Turn on the computer.
3. Click the Copy & Migration tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Copy Hard Disk.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
4. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
5. On the Select Hard Disk to Copy page, select a source disk (a hard disk you want to copy).
6. On the Select Target Hard Disk page, select a destination disk (a hard disk to copy contents of the source disk).
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During the operation all contents of the destination disk will be deleted.
7. On the next page of the wizard, define the copy options. In our case we’d rather copy data with a proportional
resize to occupy the entire disk. If you’ve got to do with a 64-bit Windows configured to the uEFI boot mode, the
Create new EFI boot entry for destination drive option will become available for you to define what instance of
Windows OS you’d like to boot from once the operation is over. Anyway you can specify a bootable device at
any time through Boot Corrector.
The ‘Create new EFI boot entry for destination drive’ option will be available to the user
only if the target disk becomes Bootable GPT as a result of the migration process.
8. On the Revise Copy Results page review all parameters of the operation.
9. Complete the wizard and then apply the pending changes.
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10. When copying is completed, shut down the computer.
11. Disconnect (physically) the source hard disk.
12. Boot the computer from the destination hard disk.
To make Windows bootable on different hardware, please additionally complete the P2P
Adjust OS Wizard.
Making system bootable on different hardware (P2P Adjust OS)
Let’s assume you had to migrate to a new hardware platform. You connected your system hard disk to the brand new
PC and tried to start up the operating system - you do know for sure now that this operation had been doomed to
failure from the very beginning. With our program you can easily tackle this naughty problem.
Before you start, please make sure the following conditions are met:

You’ve got drivers for the new hardware ready to use, not zipped or in .exe files.

Your OS is unrolled on the new computer, not in a backup image.
To make a Windows physical system bootable on different hardware, please do the following:
1. Start up the computer from the WinPE recovery media.
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Launch the P2P Adjust OS Wizard.
The WinPE based environment offers excellent hardware support. However in case it
doesn’t have a driver for your disk controller, your hard disks will be unavailable. Please
consult the Adding specific drivers scenario to know how to tackle this issue.
If P2P Adjust Wizard requires a driver, you should run it only under WinPE that has the
same bit architecture as the Windows system prepared with ADK or WinRE and with the
version not less than or equal to the version of migrated OS. It is not limited to Windows 7.
3. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
4. From the list of all found Windows systems (if several) select one you need to adjust to the new hardware. If
you’re willing to adjust them all, just re-launch this wizard for each.
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5. There are two execution modes to choose from: fully automatic and advance. Below we will go set-by-step
through the automatic scenario to show the whole process, and then take a closer look at specifics of the
advance scenario.
6. Select Adjust the OS to the new hardware automatically.
7. The wizard will automatically accomplish all the necessary actions.
8. The only action that might be required from your side is to set a path to an additional driver repository in case
the wizard has failed to find drivers for some boot critical devices in the built-in Windows repository. Generally
together with new hardware you get its drivers for different operating systems on removable media (mostly CD
or DVD). By collecting all these drivers in one folder you can let the wizard automatically pick and install only
those required for your OS. Select Search for drivers in a specific folder.
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Click on the link at the bottom of the page to see what boot critical devices have no drivers.
The wizard names all devices according to their model description, not some alphanumeric
code, which is very convenient.
9. Though you’ve got the option to continue without injecting missing drivers for boot critical devices (The Ignore
all missing drivers option), we strongly recommend you not to do it. Otherwise we cannot guarantee your
Windows will start up on the new hardware.
10. The wizard can search for drivers on a local disk or a mapped network share. In our case it’s on a network share,
this is why we need to map it first.
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11. When done, we can select it as target.
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The wizard enables to specify several driver repositories.
12. If the wizard has found all missing drivers, it will ask you to confirm the operation. Apply the changes to
complete.
After the operation is completed the system will be bootable on the new hardware. After the startup, Windows will
initiate reconfiguration of all Plug'n'Play devices. It’s a standard procedure, so please don’t worry and prepare the latest
drivers at this step to get the most out of the system.
Advance scenario specifics
1. To launch the advance mode, select Set parameters for the OS adjustment.
2. When setting additional driver repositories, you can specify how to process drivers for found hardware.
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
Inject all necessary drivers… Mark the checkbox to force injection of all drivers for your devices from the
given driver repository(s), even if there are already installed drivers for some hardware. Please use this
option if you suspect any of the installed drivers of not matching your hardware.

Keep the latest driver version. Mark the checkbox to keep the latest version of drivers during the forced reinjection. You can use this option only when the above option is active.
3. Just before the OS adjustment, you can additionally:

View all found hardware devices and their driver status by clicking
. The wizard names all devices
according to their model description, not some alphanumeric code, which is very convenient. So you can
compare the listed devices with the given hardware to make sure the wizard has analyzed your system
correctly.

Filter devices without drivers by clicking
. Unlike the automatic mode, where only boot critical devices
(storage controllers) without drivers are being reported, here you can view and inject drivers for network
cards as well.
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
Add a driver for each device that lacks it by clicking on the device, then browsing for the required location.
The wizard will then match the device with drivers inside the given location and pick the right one.

Manually add a driver for a device that has not been found by our wizard by clicking
the required .INF file.
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When selecting an .INF file that contains several driver records for hardware you both, have
in the system and don’t have, you can filter the list by marking the appropriate checkbox.

Remove a driver for a device, which has not been found in the system.
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Migrating a Windows 7 vhd
Let’s assume you need to make your Windows 7 contained in a .vhd file start up on another computer. You’ve copied
the virtual disk, added info on it to the BCD boot menu, then tried to start up the OS, but to no avail - your Windows
goes BSOD with the 0x000007B error code. We can help you out with this naughty problem.
To make a .vhd image of Windows 7 start up on different hardware, please do the following:
1. Start up the computer from the WinPE media.
2. Complete the P2P Adjust OS Wizard.
Hard Disk Utilization
To irreversibly destroy all on-disk information without any possibility to recover and that way providing the maximum
level of security, please do the following:
1. Click the Partitioning tab on the Ribbon Panel, then select Wipe Disk or Partition.
There are other ways to start up this function, please consult the Interface Overview
chapter to know more on the subject.
2. On the Wizard's Welcome page, click the Next button.
3. Select a hard disk, the data of which you want to wipe out.
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4. On the Wipe Mode page, select the wipe out all the data to irreversible destroy all on-disk information.
5. On the Wipe Method page select a specific data erasure algorithm or choose to create a customized one (in our
case we prefer to use a certified military standard).
The list of supported military and government standards may vary for your product.
6. The next page of the wizard enables to get detailed information on the selected algorithm, choose whether to
carry out residual data verification or not specifying the percentage of sectors to check and estimate the time
required to accomplish the operation.
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7. Review all parameters of the operation and modify them if necessary.
8. Complete the wizard and then apply the pending changes.
Extra Scenarios for WinPE
Please use Recovery Media Builder to prepare Paragon's recovery environments on flash or
in an ISO-image.
Adding specific drivers
The WinPE based recovery environment offers excellent hardware support. Anyway you’ve got the option to add drivers
for specific hardware with a handy dialog.
To add drivers for specific hardware, please do the following:
1. Click Load Drivers.
2. In the opened dialog browse for an .INF file of the required driver package located on a floppy disk, local disk,
CD/DVD or a network share. Then click the Open button to initiate the operation
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To know how to map a network share, please consult the Configuring network scenario.
3. You will be notified on the successful accomplishment of the operation. Click Yes to load another driver or No to
close the dialog.
The WinPE recovery environment can either be 32- or 64-bit, so are to be drivers for
injection.
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Configuring network
If your local network has a DHCP server, a network connection will be automatically configured once the WinPE
recovery environment has been started up. Otherwise you will need to do it manually with a handy dialog by providing
an IP address, a network mask, default gateway, etc. Besides with its help you can easily map network shares.
To manually set up a network connection and map a network share, please do the following:
1. Click Configure Network.
2. In the opened dialog provide an IP address, a network mask, default gateway, etc. for your network device.
3. Click the Network drivers tab to map a network share.
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4. Click Map Network Drive and provide all the necessary information to map a network share in the opened
dialog:

Click the standard browse button [...] to browse for the required network share or manually enter a path to
it;

Define a letter from the pull-down list of available drive letters;

Click the Connect as user button at the foot of the dialog page to specify a user name and password to
access the selected network share if necessary.
By clicking Disconnect Drive… you can delete an existing network share if necessary.
5. Click the Network identification tab to change a network name of your computer (generated automatically) and
a workgroup name.
6. By default, the wizard saves all network settings in the netconf.ini file located on the WinPE RAM drive, thus it
will only be available until you restart the computer. However, you can just once configure your network device
and then save this file to some other destination, for instance a local drive, and this way avoid constant reconfiguration, just by providing a path to it. So Click Save to file to save the netconfig.ini file to the required
destination.
Network troubleshooter
Network Configurator includes a traceroute/ping utility that enables to get detailed information on particular routes and
measure transit delays of packets across an Internet Protocol (IP) network. So with its help you can easily track down
problematic nodes.
1. If you need to ping some network host, please select Ping, then type in the required IP address or its name. Click
Start when ready.
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
Ping the specified host until stopped. Mark the option to ping the chosen host for indefinite time;

Resolve addresses to hostnames. Mark the option to display hostnames instead of IP addresses.

Number of echo requests to send. By default the utility sends 4 echo requests, which you can modify
however.
2. If you need to trace a route to some network host, please select Trace route, then type in the required IP
address or its name. Click Start when ready.
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
Do not resolve addresses to hostnames. Mark the option to display IP addresses instead of hostnames.

Maximum number of hops to search for target. By default the utility goes through maximum 30 hops when
searching for the target host, which you can modify however.

Wait timeout milliseconds for each reply. By default the utility waits 4 seconds for each echo reply
message. If not received within the timeout, an asterisk (*) is displayed.
Saving log files
The program enables to simplify the procedure of sending support requests to the Paragon Support Team. In case of
having difficulties with handling the program, you, with the help of this very function, can address the company support
engineers and provide them with all the information they need such as the disk layout, performed operations, etc. in
order to tackle the encountered problem. Information of that kind is stored in log files.
To prepare a log files package, please do the following:
1. Click Log Saver.
2. Provide an e-mail address used for registering the product, then give a detailed description on the encountered
problem in the corresponding text fields. Please don’t worry - we respect your privacy, so none of your
confidential data will be exposed. This utility only collects the program’s operation logs to help our Support
Team find and tackle your problem. Click Next to continue.
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Log files do not contain any confidential information on the operating system settings or
the user documents.
3. Browse for the required location of the log files package or manually provide a full path to it. Click Save to
initiate the operation.
This function is also available under Windows.
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How to Work with Bitlocked Volumes
Our product allows you to accomplish a number of operations on volumes encrypted by Windows BitLocker, but only
when they are unlocked. Until that locked volumes will be recognized in the program’s interface as ‘Not formatted’. You
can unlock this type of volumes only through Windows-native facilities:

Graphical user interface for Windows,

manage-bde command line tool for Windows and the WinPE recovery media.
Let’s see how to unlock a volume encrypted by BitLocker in Windows and the WinPE recovery media.
In Windows
1. Initially we’ve got a bitlocked data volume F: displayed as a volume under lock in Windows Explorer.
If going to the main launcher of our program right now (Open Advanced Interface), this very volume will be
detected as ’Not formatted’, thus no backup, restore, or copy operation will be available for it.
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2. To unlock it, please right click of the mouse on the corresponding volume in Windows Explorer, then select
Unlock Volume… or use the corresponding option of the main launcher (Partition > Unlock Volume).
There are other ways to unlock a volume encrypted by BitLocker. For more information,
please consult documentation provided by Microsoft.
3. Enter an unlock password.
4. As a result, the volume should be unlocked.
If going to the main launcher of our program right now (Open Advanced Interface), the volume will be correctly
detected and become available for operation.
The same action can also be accomplished through the ‘manage-bde’ command line tool.
For more information, please consult the next scenario.
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In WinPE
1. Start up the computer from the WinPE recovery media.
To automatically boot from the recovery media please make sure the on-board BIOS is set
up to boot from CD/USB first.
2. Go to the Security and BitLocker Encryption section, then select List of Volumes.
3. Define volumes encrypted by BitLocker (will be detected as ‘Unknown’). If having several bitlocked volumes (just
our case), you can pinpoint the required volume by its size.
If going to the main launcher of our program right now (Open Advanced Interface), you can see all unknown
volumes detected as ’Not formatted’, just like it was under Windows.
Drive letters in Windows and WinPE may differ, so please do not use them as identifiers.
4. Close the dialog, then select Unlock Encrypted Volumes.
5. Use provided examples and grammar to unlock the required volume. If you’d like to see all commands of the
manage-bde tool, please run it with the ‘–help’ parameter (manage-bde -help).
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As you can see on the screenshot above, we’re attempting to unlock volume E: by providing a path to the
corresponding recovery key (recoverykey.bek), which is placed on System Reserved (volume C:).
The same dialog can also be called from the main launcher (right click of the mouse on the
required volume, then select ‘Unlock Volume’).
6. As a result, the volume should be unlocked.
If going to the main launcher of our program now (Open Advanced Interface), the volume will be correctly
detected and become available for operation.
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Troubleshooter
Here you can find answers to the most frequently asked questions that might arise while using the program.
1. I try to run an operation, but the program claims my partition is in use and suggests restarting the computer.
There are a number of operations that cannot be performed while your partition is in use (or locked in other
words). Please agree to reboot your machine to make the program accomplish the operation in a special bootup mode.
2. I run an operation and restart the machine as required, but it just boots back into Windows without
accomplishing the operation.
Please run 'chkdsk/f' for the partition in question.
3. I cannot create a new partition on the disk.
There can be a number of reasons for that:

The program cannot create a new partition on a dynamic disk.

The program allows creating new partitions only within blocks of un-partitioned space. It cannot convert
a free space on an existing partition to a new partition.
4. I cannot copy a partition.
There can be a number of reasons for that:
- The source or target disk you select is a dynamic disk;
- 4 primary partitions (or three primary partitions and an extended one) already exist on the target disk.
5. I need to copy a partition. But when selecting a place where to make a copy, I always get a crossed circle sign no
matter which partition is selected.
The program enables to copy a partition only to a block of un-partitioned space. If you don’t have a block of free
space on your hard disk, please delete or reduce an existing partition to accomplish the operation.
6. I cannot do anything with my USB flash drive. I get a crossed circle sign when trying to select any area on it.
Some USB flash drives don't have the MBR (Master Boot Record), that’s the cause of your problem. To fix the
issue please use the Update MBR function of our program or 'fixmbr' of the Windows installation disc to write a
standard code to your flash drive.
7. When trying to back up my system the program asks to restart the computer.
Most likely the Hot Processing mode is disabled. Please make it active in the program settings.
8. When backing up a partition with the VSS (Volume Shadow Copy Service) mode, the program throws "VSS could
not be started for processed volume".
Most likely you try to back up a FAT32 partition, which is not supported by VSS. Please use the Paragon Hot
Processing mode instead.
9. I cannot back up my hard disk to an external hard drive. Once started, the operation is aborted with the
following error: Hard Disk management, Error Code 0x1100a. What is wrong here?
The problem is that the Microsoft VSS service is set as the default Hot Processing mode in the program. But this
service has not been started in your WindowsXP/Windows2003/Vista. Please start this service (right click on My
Computer > Manage > Services > find Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Service and make it active. Set also to
start it automatically).
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10. When running a backup operation with the Paragon Hot Processing mode enabled, I get an error: error code
0x1200e "Internal error during Hot Backup"
Most likely your hard disk contains bad blocks. Please fix the issue with your HDD manufacturer's tool.
You can find a name of the tool you need here: http://kb.paragon-software.com
11. When running a backup operation with the Microsoft VSS mode enabled, I get the following error: error code
0x12016 "VSS: can't read volume data”
Most likely your hard disk contains bad blocks. Please fix the issue with your HDD manufacturer's tool.
You can find a name of the tool you need here: http://kb.paragon-software.com
12. When trying to back up to a network share, I get the following error: "i/o error" or "can't open/create file"
Please check whether you’ve got a permission to write to the selected destination or not.
13. When trying to restore a backup archive, I get the following error: "Can't restore to current selection" or
"Archive does not fit"
Most likely you’re trying to restore a backup of the whole hard disk to a partition or vice versa.
14. I set up a timetable for a task, but it fails to execute.
There can be a number of reasons for that:
- Windows Task Scheduler does not work properly. Check whether it is so or not by scheduling a simple task (call
Notepad through scheduling);
- You don’t have permission to write to the selected backup destination.
Copyright© 1994-2014 Paragon Software GmbH. All rights reserved.
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