PAM8320 New Product Description Features Pin Assignments

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DIODES INCORPORATED
PAM8320
20W Mono Class D Audio Amplifier
Description
Pin Assignments
The PAM8320 is an efficient 20W mono Class-D audio power
amplifier, designed to drive speakers as low as 4Ω in a bridge-tiedload configuration. Due to the low power dissipation and high
efficiency of up to 95%, the device can be used without any external
heat sink whilst playing music.
SO-16EP
New Product
The PAM8320 features short circuit protection, thermal shutdown,
over voltage protection and under voltage lock-out.
AGND 6
VCLAMP 7
PVCCP 8
The PAM8320 is available in a SO-16EP package.
Features
Applications
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Operates from 4.5V to 15V
20W into 4Ω BTL Load from 12V Supply
Single-Ended Analog Input
No Pop Noise for Start-up and Shut-down Sequences
Internal Oscillator (No External Components Required)
High Efficient Class-D Operation Eliminates Need for Heat Sinks
Thermal and Short-Circuit Protection with Auto Recovery
Over Voltage Protection and Under Voltage Lock-out
Space-Saving Surface-Mount SO-16EP Package
Pb-Free Package
PAM832 0
XXXY WWLL
PVCCN 1
SDN 2
IN 3
VCM 4
AGND 5
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
PGNDN
OUTN
BSN
AVCC
MUTE
BSP
OUTP
PGNDP
PC Speaker
Blue Tooth Speaker
Home Sound Systems
Active Speakers
Docking stations
Typical Applications Circuit
PAM8320
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New Product
Pin Descriptions
Pin
Name
I/O/P
1
PVCCN
P
Power supply for negative H-bridge, not connected to PVCCP or AVCC
Description
2
SDN
I
Shutdown signal for IC (low=shutdown, high=operational). TTL logic levels with compliance to
AVCC
3
IN
I
Audio input
4
VCM
O
Reference for analog cells
5,6
AGND
P
Analog ground for digital/analog cells in core
7
VCLAMP
P
Internally generated voltage supply for bootstrap. Not to be used as a supply or connected to
any component other than the decoupling capacitor.
8
PVCCP
P
Power supply for positive H-bridge, not connected to PVCCN or AVCC
9
PGNDP
P
Power ground for positive H-bridge
10
OUTP
O
Positive BTL output
11
BSP
I/O
Bootstrap terminal for high-side drive of positive BTL output
12
MUTE
I
A logic high on this pin disables the outputs. A low on this pin enables the outputs. TTL logic
levels with compliance to AVCC
13
AVCC
P
High-voltage analog power supply
14
BSN
I/O
Bootstrap terminal for high-side drive of negative BTL output
15
OUTN
O
Negative BTL output
16
PGNDN
P
Power ground for negative H-bridge
Functional Block Diagram
PAM8320
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Absolute Maximum Ratings (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
New Product
Parameter
Rating
Unit
Supply Voltage (VCC)
18
V
Logic Input Voltage (SDN, MUTE)
-0.3 to VCC+0.3
V
Analog Input Voltage (IN)
-0.3 to 5.5
V
Storage Temperature
-65 to +150
°C
Maximum Junction Temperature
+150
Junction to ambient thermal resistance
40
°C
°C/W
Recommended Operating Conditions (@TA = +25°C, unless otherwise specified.)
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Max
Unit
VCC
Supply Voltage
4.5
15
V
TA
Operating Ambient Temperature Range
-40
+85
°C
TJ
Junction Temperature Range
-40
+125
°C
Electrical Characteristics (@TA = +25°C, VCC = 12V, Gain = 20dB, RL = L(33μH) + R + L(33μH), unless otherwise noted.)
Symbol
PARAMETER
Test Conditions
MIN
TYP
MAX
Units
|VOS|
Class-D output offset voltage(measured
differently)
Vi=0V, Av=20dB
—
20
100
mV
ICC(q)
Quiescent supply current
SDN=3.0V, MUTE=0V, No Load
—
15
30
mA
ICC(MUTE)
Quiescent supply current in mute mode
MUTE=2.0V, No load
—
8
20
mA
ICC(SDN)
Quiescent current in shutdown mode
SDN=0.5V, No load
—
20
40
uA
Drain-source on-state resistance
IO=0.5A
—
150
—
mΩ
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
Vripple=200mVpp, f=1kHz,gain=20dB
—
-60
—
dB
Output Power at 1% THD+N
f=1kHz
—
15
—
Output Power at 10% THD+N
f=1kHz
—
20
—
Total harmonic distortion + noise
f=1kHz, PO=7W
—
0.05
—
%
Output integrated noise floor
20Hz to 22kHz, A-weighted,
Gain=20dB
—
300
—
uV
SNR
Signal-to-noise ratio
Max output at THD+N<1%, f=1kHz,
Gain=20dB
—
95
—
dB
OTP
Thermal trip point
—
—
+160
—
°C
OTH
Thermal hysteresis
—
—
+40
—
°C
fosc
Oscillator frequency
—
—
300
—
kHz
VIH_SDN
SDN Input High
—
3
—
—
—
VIL_SDN
SDN Input Low
—
—
—
0.5
—
VIH_MUTE
MUTE Input High
—
2
—
—
—
VIL_MUTE
MUTE Input Low
—
—
—
0.5
—
Rds(on)
PSRR
Po
THD+N
Vn
PAM8320
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Performance Characteristics (@TA = +25°C, VDD = 12V, Gain = 20dB, RL = L(33μH) + R + L(33μH), unless otherwise noted.)
THD+N Vs. Output Power (RL=4Ω)
50
THD+N Vs. Output Power (RL=8Ω)
60
TT
20
20
10
10
5
5
New Product
2
2
%
%
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.05
0.04
1m
2m
5m
10m
20m
50m
100m
200m
500m
1
2
5
10
20
0.03
1m
40
W
2m
5m
10m
20m
50m
100m
200m
500m
1
2
5
10
20
W
THD+N Vs. Frequency
PSRR Vs. Frequency
20
+0
PO=1W/2W/3W
(Pink/Blue/Red)
T T T
T
50
100
T
-5
10
-10
5
-15
-20
2
-25
-30
1
-35
0.5
%
d
B
-40
-45
0.2
-50
-55
0.1
-60
0.05
-65
-70
0.02
-75
0.01
20
50
100
200
500
1k
2k
5k
10k
-80
20
20k
200
Hz
2k
5k
10k
2k
5k
10k
20k
Noise Floor
+ 30
+0
+ 29.5
-10
+ 29
+ 28.5
-20
+ 28
-30
+ 27.5
+ 27
-40
+ 26.5
-50
+ 26
A
1k
Hz
Frequency Response
d
B
g
500
d
B
r
+ 25.5
+ 25
-60
-70
+ 24.5
A
+ 24
-80
+ 23.5
-90
+ 23
+ 22.5
-100
+ 22
-110
+ 21.5
-120
+ 21
+ 20.5
+ 20
20
50
100
2 00
500
1k
2k
5k
10 k
2 0k
Hz
PAM8320
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20
50
100
200
500
1k
20k
Hz
October 2013
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PAM8320
Performance Characteristics (@TA=25°C, VDD=12V, Gain=20dB, RL=L(33μH)+R+L(33μH), unless otherwise noted.)
Efficiency Vs. Output Power (RL=4Ω)
New Product
Efficiency Vs. Output Power (RL=8Ω)
Quiescent Current Vs. Supply Voltage
OSC Frequency Vs. Supply Voltage
Case Temperature Vs. Output Power (RL=4Ω)
PAM8320
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PAM8320
Application Information
Input Capacitors (Ci)
In the typical application, an input capacitor Ci, is required to allow the amplifier to bias the input signal to the proper DC level for optimum
operation. In this case, Ci and the minimum input impedance Ri form is a high-pass filter with the corner frequency determined in the follow
equation:
New Product
fC 
1
 2 RiCi
It is important to consider the value of Ci as it directly affects the low frequency performance of the circuit. For example, when Ri is 40kΩ and the
specification calls for a flat bass response are down to 20Hz. The equation is reconfigured as followed to determine the value of Ci:
Ci 
1
2

 Rifc 
When input resistance variation is considered Ci is 200nF, so one would likely choose a value of 220nF. A further consideration for this capacitor
is the leakage path from the input source through the input network (Ci, Ri and Rf) to the load. This leakage current creates a DC offset voltage at
the input to the amplifier that reduces useful headroom, especially in high gain applications. For this reason, a low-leakage tantalum or ceramic
capacitor is the best choice. When polarized capacitors are used, the positive side of the capacitor should face the amplifier input in most
applications as the DC level is held at VDD/2, which is likely higher than the source DC level. Please note that it is important to confirm the
capacitor polarity in the application.
Input Resistance
The value of the input resistance (Ri) of the amplifier is 40kΩ ±20%. If a single capacitor is added to the input of the high-pass filter the –3dB
cutoff frequency can be calculated using equation:
fC 
1
 2 RiCi
Gain Formula with External Input Resistor
The default gain of PAM8320 is 26dB. The gain can be reduced by adding one external resistor between input decoupling capacitor and IN PIN.
The gain formula is as below:
Av 
20
1  14 
Rx
400k
Note: Rx is external input resistor
Power and Heat Dissipation
Speakers must be chosen to withstand the large output power from the PAM8320, otherwise speaker damage may occur.
Heat dissipation is very important when the device works in full power operation. Two factors affect the heat dissipation, the efficiency of the
device that determines the dissipation power and the thermal resistance of the package that determines the heat dissipation capability.
The PAM8320 class-D amplifier is highly efficiency and should not need heat sink. Operating at higher powers a heat sink still may not be
necessary if the PCB is carefully designed to achieve good thermal dissipation.
PAM8320
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Dual-Side PCB
To achieve good heat dissipation the PCB's copper plate should be thicker than 35um and the copper plate on both sides of the PCB should be
utilized for heat sink.
New Product
The thermal pad on the bottom of the device should be soldered to the plate of the PCB and via holes (usually 9 to 16) should be drilled in the
PCB area under the device. Deposited copper on the vias should be thick enough so that the heat can be dissipated to the other side of the plate.
There should be no insulation mask on the other side of the copper plate. More vias can and should be added to the PCB around the device for
further thermal optimization.
How to Reduce EMI
Most applications require a ferrite bead filter for EMI elimination shown at Figure 1. The ferrite filter reduces EMI around 1MHz and higher. When
selecting a ferrite bead it should be chosen with high impedance at high frequencies but low impedance at low frequencies.
Ferrite Bead
OUT+
200pF
Ferrite Bead
OUT-
200pF
Figure 1: Ferrite Bead Filter to Reduce EMI
Shutdown Operation
The PAM8320 employs a shutdown operation mode to reduce supply current to the absolute minimum level during periods of non-use to save
power. The SDN input terminal should be pull high during normal operation. Pulling SDN low causes the outputs to be muted and the amplifier
enters a low-current state. SDN should never be left unconnected.
Anti-POP and Anti-Click Circuitry
The PAM8320 contains circuitry to minimize turn-on and turn-off transients or “click and pops”, where turn-on refers to either power supply turn-on
or device recover from shutdown mode. When the device is turned on, the amplifiers are internally muted. An internal current source ramps up the
internal reference voltage. The device will remain in mute mode until the reference voltage reach half supply voltage. As soon as the reference
voltage is stable, the device will begin full operation. For the best power-off pop performance, the amplifier should be set in shutdown mode prior
to removing the power supply voltage.
Internal Bias Generator Capacitor Selection
The internal bias generator (VCM) provides the internal bias for the preamplifier stage. The external input capacitors and this internal reference
allow the inputs to be biased within the optimal common-mode range of the input preamplifiers.
The selection of the capacitor value on the VCM terminal is critical for achieving the best device performance. During startup or recovery from
shutdown state the VCM capacitor determines the rate at which the amplifier starts up. The startup time is not critical for the best de-pop
performance since any heard pop sound is the result of the class-D output switching-on other than that of the startup time. However, at least a
0.47µF capacitor is recommended for the VCM capacitor.
Another function of the VCM capacitor is to bypass high frequency noise on the internal bias generator.
PAM8320
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Power Supply Decoupling, CS
The PAM8320 is a high-performance CMOS audio amplifier that requires adequate power supply decoupling to ensure the output total harmonic
distortion (THD) as low as possible. Power supply decoupling also prevents the oscillations causing by long lead length between the amplifier and
the speaker.
New Product
Optimum decoupling is achieved by using two different types of capacitors that target different types of noise on the power supply leads. Higher
frequency transients, spikes or digital hash should be filtered with a good low equivalent-series-resistance (ESR) ceramic capacitor with a value of
typically 0.1μF. This capacitor should be placed as close as possible to the PVCC pin of the device. Lower frequency noise signals should be
filtered with a large ceramic capacitor of 470μF or greater. It's recommended to place this capacitor near the audio power amplifier. The 10µF
capacitor also serves as a local storage capacitor for supplying current during large signal transients on the amplifier outputs.
BSN and BSP Capacitors
The half H-bridge output stages use NMOS transistors therefore requiring bootstrap capacitors for the high side of each output to turn on correctly.
A ceramic capacitor 220nF or more rated for over 25V must be connected from each output to its corresponding bootstrap input. Specifically, one
220nF capacitor must be connected from OUTN to BSN and another 220nF capacitor from OUTP to BSP. It is recommended to use 1μF BST
capacitor to replace 220nF for lower than 100Hz applications.
VCLAMP Capacitors
To ensure that the maximum gate-to-source voltage for the NMOS output transistors is not exceeded, an internal regulator is used to clamp the
gate voltage. A 1µF capacitor must be connected from VCLAMP to ground and must be rated for at least 25V. The voltages at the VCLAMP
terminals vary with VCC and may not be used to power any other circuitry.
Using low-ESR Capacitors
Low-ESR capacitors are recommended throughout this application section. A real (with respect to ideal) capacitor can be modeled simply as a
resistor in series with an ideal capacitor. The voltage drop across this resistor minimizes the beneficial effects of the capacitor in the circuit. The
lower the equivalent value of this resistance the more the real capacitor behaves as an ideal capacitor.
Short-circuit Protection
The PAM8320 has short circuit protection circuitry on the outputs to prevent damage to the device when output-to-output shorts (BTL mode),
output-to-GND shorts, or output-to-VCC shorts occur. Once a short-circuit is detected on the outputs, the output drive is immediately disabled.
This is not a latched fault, if the short is removed the normal operation is restored.
Thermal Protection
Thermal protection prevents the device from damage. When the internal die temperature exceeds a typical of 160°C the device will enter a
shutdown state and the outputs are disabled. This is not a latched fault, once the thermal fault is cleared and the temperature of the die decreased
by 40°C the device will restart with no external system interaction.
Over Voltage Protection and Under Voltage Lock-out (OVP and UVLO)
An over voltage protection (OVP) circuit is integrated in PAM8320, when the supply voltage is over 18V the OVP is active and then the output
stage is disabled. The PAM8320 will auto recovery when the supply voltage is lower than the OVP threshold.
The PAM8320 incorporates circuitry designed to detect low supply voltage. When the supply voltage drops to 4.4V or below, the PAM8320 goes
into a state of shutdown. When the supply voltage is higher than 4.5V normal operation is resumed.
PAM8320
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Ordering Information
New Product
PAM8320 X X X
Pin Type
Package Configuration
R: SOP-16L (EP)
D: 16 Pin
Shipping Package
R: Tape & Real
Part Number
Package
Standard Package
PAM8320RDR
SO-16EP
2,500Units/Tape&Real
Marking Information
Document number: DS36610 Rev. 1 - 2
2
3
4
5
AGND
VCLAMP
PVCCP
6
7
8
PAM832 0
XXXY WWLL
PAM8320
1
PVCCN
SDN
IN
VCM
AGND
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
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PGNDN
OUTN
BSN
AVCC
MUTE
BSP
OUTP
PGNDP
PAM8320: Product Code
X: Internal Code
Y: Year
W: Week
LL: Internal Code
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PAM8320
Package Outline Dimensions (All dimensions in mm.)
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Package: SO-16EP
PAM8320
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