Cloud Backup
Manager
User’s Guide
November 17, 2010
Ironstor Cloud Backup Manager
User’s Guide
Copyright Notice
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this document, please report to us in writing.
This product includes software developed by the Apache Software Foundation (http://www.apache.org/).
Trademarks
Ironstor is a registered trademark of Net24 Limited.
Microsoft, Windows, Microsoft Exchange Server and Microsoft SQL Server are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Sun, Solaris, SPARC, Java and Java Runtime Environment are registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems Inc.
Oracle, Oracle 8i, Oracle 9i are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation.
Lotus, Domino, Notes are registered trademark of IBM Corporation.
Red Hat is registered trademark of Red Hat, Inc.
Linux is registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
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to you.
Ironstor Cloud Backup Manager User’s Guide
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Table of Content
1 Overview ......................................................................................................................... 3
1.1
1.2
1.3
Benefits ...............................................................................................................................................................3
Features .............................................................................................................................................................3
Security ...............................................................................................................................................................4
2 Installing IronstorCBM .................................................................................................... 5
2.1
2.2
2.3
Installing IronstorCBM for Windows ...................................................................................................................5
Installing IronstorCBM for Mac OS X ..................................................................................................................6
Installing IronstorCBM for Linux/Unix/Solaris .....................................................................................................7
3 Uninstalling IronstorCBM .............................................................................................. 11
3.1
3.2
3.3
Uninstalling IronstorCBM for Windows .............................................................................................................11
Uninstalling IronstorCBM for Mac OS X ...........................................................................................................11
Uninstalling IronstorCBM for Linux/Unix/Solaris ...............................................................................................11
4 Using IronstorCBM ....................................................................................................... 12
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
System Tray Launcher (Windows Only) ...........................................................................................................12
Logon Dialog ....................................................................................................................................................13
Main Window ....................................................................................................................................................13
User Profile .......................................................................................................................................................14
Backup Logs .....................................................................................................................................................15
5 Setting Up Backup Sets ................................................................................................ 16
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
5.13
5.14
5.15
5.16
5.17
Backup Set Type ..............................................................................................................................................16
Backup Source .................................................................................................................................................17
Backup Schedule ..............................................................................................................................................19
Continuous Data Protection (CDP)...................................................................................................................19
Encryption .........................................................................................................................................................21
Mapped Network Drive .....................................................................................................................................22
Backup Filter .....................................................................................................................................................23
Pre/Post-Backup Command .............................................................................................................................26
Temporary directory .........................................................................................................................................27
Transfer Block Size .........................................................................................................................................27
Follow Symbolic Link (Linux/Unix/Mac only) ...................................................................................................28
Microsoft’s Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) ..........................................................................................28
Retention Policy ..............................................................................................................................................28
Extra Backup (Off-Line backup, Logout Reminder) ........................................................................................30
In-File Delta ....................................................................................................................................................31
Local Copy ......................................................................................................................................................31
Using One Backup Account for Multiple Computers.......................................................................................34
6 Backing Up Files ........................................................................................................... 35
6.1
6.2
6.3
How files are backed up ...................................................................................................................................35
Backup files directly to the backup server ........................................................................................................35
Backup files to removable hard disk (seed loading) .........................................................................................38
7 Restoring Files .............................................................................................................. 40
7.1
7.2
7.3
Restore backup files directly from backup server .............................................................................................40
Restore backup files from removable hard disk ...............................................................................................43
IP addresses Restriction for Online Restore ....................................................................................................45
8 In-File Delta Technology ............................................................................................... 46
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
Overview ...........................................................................................................................................................46
Block Size .........................................................................................................................................................48
Minimum File Size ............................................................................................................................................48
Uploading full file again ....................................................................................................................................48
Advanced In-file delta type ...............................................................................................................................49
9 Backup/Restore Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 / 2000 / 2005 / 2008 .................................. 50
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
Requirements ...................................................................................................................................................50
Overview ...........................................................................................................................................................50
How to backup Microsoft SQL Server database(s) ..........................................................................................50
How to restore Microsoft SQL Server database(s) ...........................................................................................52
10 Backup/Restore Microsoft Exchange Server ............................................................... 58
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
Requirements .................................................................................................................................................58
Overview .........................................................................................................................................................58
How to backup Microsoft Exchange Server ....................................................................................................59
How to restore Microsoft Exchange Server ....................................................................................................61
11 Backup/Restore Windows System State ..................................................................... 65
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11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
Requirements .................................................................................................................................................65
Overview .........................................................................................................................................................65
How to backup Windows System State ..........................................................................................................65
How to restore Windows System State ..........................................................................................................67
12 Backup/Restore Individual Brick Level Backup for Microsoft Exchange Server .......... 69
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
Requirements .................................................................................................................................................69
Overview .........................................................................................................................................................69
Granting Privileges .........................................................................................................................................69
How to backup Individual Brick Level Backup ................................................................................................70
How to restore Individual Brick Level Backup.................................................................................................73
13 Backup/Restore System with Microsoft Windows System Backup.............................. 75
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
Requirements .................................................................................................................................................75
Overview .........................................................................................................................................................75
How to backup system with Microsoft Windows System Backup ...................................................................75
How to restore system with Microsoft Windows System Backup ...................................................................78
14 Backup/Restore Windows System with ShadowProtect .............................................. 84
14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
Requirements .................................................................................................................................................84
Overview .........................................................................................................................................................84
How to backup system with ShadowProtect ...................................................................................................84
How to restore system with ShadowProtect ...................................................................................................88
15 Backup/Restore MySQL Server................................................................................... 92
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
15.5
Requirements .................................................................................................................................................92
Overview .........................................................................................................................................................92
How to backup MySQL server on Windows ...................................................................................................92
How to backup MySQL server on Linux (command line mode)......................................................................95
How to restore MySQL server ........................................................................................................................96
16 Email Reporting ........................................................................................................... 97
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
16.5
New User Report ............................................................................................................................................97
Forgot Password Report .................................................................................................................................98
Backup Job Report .........................................................................................................................................99
Setting Change Report .................................................................................................................................101
Inactive User Reminder ................................................................................................................................101
17 Web Features ............................................................................................................ 102
17.1
17.2
17.3
17.4
17.5
17.6
Install IronstorCBM .......................................................................................................................................102
Update User Profile ......................................................................................................................................102
Request Forgotten Password .......................................................................................................................103
Restore/Delete/Undelete Backup Files .........................................................................................................103
Review Backup Jobs ....................................................................................................................................104
Review Storage Statistics .............................................................................................................................104
18 Further Information .................................................................................................... 106
18.1
FAQs .............................................................................................................................................................106
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1
Overview
1.1
Benefits
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Easy Backup of
1.
Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 / 2007
2.
Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 / 2000 / 2005 / 2008
3.
Lotus Domino/Notes 5.0 or above
4.
Oracle 8i or above
5.
MySQL 3.2.4 or above
6.
Windows System State for Windows 2000 / XP / 2003
7.
(New in 5.5.3.0) Windows Complete System Backup for Windows 2008 and Windows
Vista Business / Enterprise / Ultimate edition
8.
(New in 5.5.3.0) Bare metal backup using StorageCraft ShadowProtect
9.
Outlook and Outlook Express (i.e. *.pst, *.dbx and *.wab)
10. Important personal settings, e.g. Desktop, Favorite, My Documents and History etc
11. Other common files (e.g. *.doc, *.xls)
Support backing up only changes within a file (using in-file delta technology)
Support backing up of open files on Windows XP/2003/Vista (Volume Shadow Copy)
Support backing up of Windows NTFS access privileges, Linux access privileges and modes, Mac OS
X metadata and resource forks
Easy to use, deploy and maintain
Features
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(New in 5.5.1.0) Re-design of IronstorCBM GUI
(New in 5.5.1.0) Continuous data protection - start backup whenever a file is being modified
(New in 5.5.1.0) Add options for user to choose to backup using 256-bit Encryption
(New in 5.5.1.0) Add the functionality of "Backup and Sleep (Hibernate)" and "Backup and standby"
(New in 5.5.1.0) Allow backup schedule to run every X minutes
Full support of Microsoft Exchange individual email, contacts, calendars, tasks etc.
Choose whether to restore “file permissions” during restore.
For “Local Copy” backup, ability to choose whether to perform a local copy backup only and skip the
offsite backup.
Lotus Notes/Domino agent for Linux.
Auto Upgrade Agent to automatically upgrade the client software.
User configurable incremental / differential in-file delta backup mode (i.e. backing up only changes
within a file since the last incremental or full backup according to each user’s preference).
Allow in-file delta backup mode to be overridden by each user individually according to backup time
st
(e.g. enforcing full (or incremental or differential) backup of all files every Sunday or the 1 day of every
month).
Volume Shadow Copy backup (i.e. backing up files even when they are exclusively open, e.g.
Outlook.pst).
In-File Delta backup (i.e. backing up only changes within files).
Off-line backup mode and logout backup reminder.
Customizable backup schedule allows backups to be scheduled at any time.
Compress and encrypt data automatically before sending them to the server (server stores only
encrypted data).
Increment backup strategy ensures that only new or updated files are sent to the backup server.
Support both full backup (database backup) and incremental backup (transaction log backup) for
Microsoft SQL Server 7.0/2000, Microsoft Exchange Server 2000/2003, Lotus Domino/Notes 5.0 and
Oracle 8i or above.
Can integrate with external “Open File Manager” to provide open file backup support to all open files.
Access backup data anytime, anywhere by using a web browser.
Comprehensive backup report lists all files backed up. Backup report delivered automatically via email.
Backup data are CRC validated before they are stored on server.
Fully user customizable data retention policy allows users to have access to deleted files using the
least possible storage space on the backup server.
Can select source backup files easily by using a backup filter, e.g. selecting all *.doc and *.xls in your
computer in a single operation.
Run any custom OS commands before/after a backup job.
Run on Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, NetWare, Unix and all other platforms supporting a Java2
Runtime Environment.
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1.3
Periodic backup files validation on backup server ensures backup files are 100% valid and fully
restorable when needed.
Security
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128-bit point-to-point SSL communication between server and client
Support HTTP/HTTPS Proxy and Socks v4/v5 firewall
Data are 128-bit/256-bit encrypted when stored on the backup server
Choice of different encryption algorithms, e.g. Twofish, Triple DES, Advanced Encryption Standard
(AES)
Choice of different encryption modes, e.g. Electronic Cook Book (ECB) and Cipher Block Chaining
(CBC)
An random initializing vector, salt and iteration count will be generated by the software automatically
for each file when encrypting your data
Each backup user can restrict online access to his files to his pre-defined list of IP addresses
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2
Installing IronstorCBM
Before you can start backing up data to the Ahsay Offsite Backup Server (Ironstor Backup Server), you need to install the Ironstor
Cloud Backup Manager (IronstorCBM) onto your computer.
2.1
Installing IronstorCBM for Windows
1.
Download the IronstorCBM installer from the website.
2.
Follow the instructions on the installation wizard to complete installation
3.
When finished, a new icon (IronstorCBM) will be installed to the system tray (near the clock) automatically and
IronstorCBM will be launched automatically.
4.
(optional) Enter the backup server host name in the [Address] field and press the [Next] button.
5.
If you don't have a backup account, register a trial user by the following steps:
i.
Enter the [Login Name], [Password] and [Confirm Password] of your choice
ii.
Enter your [Email] in the text field provided
iii.
Press the [Submit] button
iv.
You should be logged to the backup server already (if the [Login Name] of your choice is already taken by
another user, try a different login name)
6.
If you have a backup account already, select [already a user?] and logon to the server with your existing username and
password.
7.
If this is your first time logging into the server, you will be guided to create a backup set:
i.
Enter a backup set name of your choice in the [Name] field and choose the type of backup set in the [Type]
field
ii.
Select the files that you want to backup
iii.
Setup the backup schedule by pressing the [Add] button (please note that you can add multiple backup
schedules to a backup set and please select the "Run scheduled backup on this computer" checkbox if you
would like to run Continuous Data Protection (CDP))
iv.
Setup the encryption setting for your backup set (if you don't know much about encryption, just accept the
default values here)
v.
Press the [OK] button to complete the configuration of backup set Scheduled backup will run automatically if
you leave your computer on.
8.
To run a backup immediately, click [Backup] button on the left panel, select the backup set and press [OK] button.
9.
Setup completed.
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2.2
Installing IronstorCBM for Mac OS X
1.
Download the IronstorCBM installer from the website.
2.
Expand the archive and run the installation wizard within the archive.
3.
Restart your Mac. Double click the desktop IronstorCBM icon to start.
4.
(optional) Enter the backup server host name in the [Address] field and press the [Next] button.
5.
If you don't have a backup account, register a trial user by the following steps:
i.
Enter the [Login Name], [Password] and [Confirm Password] of your choice
ii.
Enter your [Email] in the text field provided
iii.
Press the [Submit] button
iv.
You should be logged to the backup server already (if the [Login Name] of your choice is already taken by
another user, try a different login name)
6.
If you have a backup account already, select [already a user?] and logon to the server with your existing username and
password.
7.
If this is your first time logging into the server, you will be guided to create a backup set:
i.
Setup the backup schedule by pressing the [Add] button (please note that you can add multiple backup
schedules to a backup set and please select the "Run scheduled backup on this computer" checkbox if you
would like to run Continuous Data Protection (CDP))
ii.
Setup the encryption setting for your backup set (if you don't know much about encryption, just accept the
default values here)
iii.
Press the [OK] button to complete the configuration of backup set
Scheduled backup will run automatically if you leave your computer on.
8.
To run a backup immediately, click [Backup] button on the left panel, select the backup set and press [OK] button.
9.
Setup completed.
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2.3
Installing IronstorCBM for Linux/Unix/Solaris
Linux
1.
Download the IronstorCBM tarball release from the website.
2.
Unpack the install file to /usr/local/obm
# mkdir /usr/local/obm
# cd /usr/local/obm
# gunzip ironstor-cbm-nix.tar.gz
# tar -xf ironstor-cbm-nix.tar
3.
Install IronstorCBM
# ./bin/install.sh >install.log
All installation information can be found in the file "install.log"
The backup scheduler and autoupgrade services are automatically installed. Backup sets can now run at their scheduled
times automatically. *
4.
Please go to X Window or command line mode section later in this document to continue installation.
Solaris
1.
Download the IronstorCBM tarball release from the website.
2.
Unpack the install file to /usr/local/obm
# mkdir /usr/local/obm
# cd /usr/local/obm
# gunzip ironstor-cbm-nix.tar.gz
# tar -xf obm-nix.tar
3.
Remove bundled jvm
# rm -rf /usr/local/obm/jvm
4.
Install J2SE Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.4.x or later to /usr/java
5.
Create a symbolic link for JRE
# ln -s /usr/java /usr/local/obm/jvm
6.
Set the JAVA_HOME environment variable
# JAVA_HOME=/usr/java; export JAVA_HOME
7.
Install IronstorCBM
# ./bin/install.sh >install.log
All installation information can be found in the file "install.log"
The backup scheduler and autoupgrade services are automatically installed. Backup sets can now run at their scheduled
times automatically. *
8.
Please go to X Window or command line mode section later in this document to continue installation.
BSD
1.
Download the IronstorCBM tarball release from the website.
2.
Unpack the install file to /usr/local/obm
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# mkdir /usr/local/obm
# cd /usr/local/obm
# gunzip ironstor-cbm-nix.tar.gz
# tar -xf ironstor-cbm-nix.tar
3.
Remove bundled jvm
# rm -rf /usr/local/obm/jvm
4.
Download J2SE Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.4.x or later
Depending on your platform and BSD release, download the corresponding JRE and dependant packages. For example,
we are using FreeBSD 6.1 i386 for installation:
Download javavmwrapper-2.3.tbz and diablo-jre-freebsd5.i386.1.5.0.07.01.tbz in the following links.
http://www.freebsd-fr.org/ports/java.html#javavmwrapper-2.3
http://www.freebsdfoundation.org/downloads/java.shtml
http://www.freebsd.org/ports/java.html#diablo-jre-1.5.0.07.01_3 (See package dependency of your machine)
5.
Install J2SE Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.4.x or later to /usr/local/diablo-jre1.5.0
Use following command to install package
# pkg_add javavmwrapper-2.3.tbz
# pkg_add diablo-jre-freebsd5.i386.1.5.0.07.01.tbz
6.
Create a symbolic link for JRE
# ln -s /usr/local/diablo-jre1.5.0 /usr/local/obm/jvm
If you are using csh as your shell, you need to type "rehash" and hit enter to make the symbolic link take effect. For other
shell types it should work.
# setenv JAVA_HOME /usr/local/obm/jvm
7.
Verify the installed JRE
# $JAVA_HOME/bin/java –version
See if the output does not contain warning
With warning
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM warning: Can't detect initial thread stack location java version "1.4.2_12"
Java(TM) 2 Runtime Environment, Standard Edition (build 1.4.2_12-b03)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 1.4.2_12-b03, mixed mode)
Without warning
java version "1.5.0"
Java(TM) 2 Runtime Environment, Standard Edition (build diablo-1.5.0-b01)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build diablo-1.5.0_07-b01, mixed mode)
8.
Install IronstorCBM
# ./bin/install.sh >install.log
All installation information can be found in the file "install.log"
9.
Install the backup scheduler and autoupgrade services
Add two entries to system file /etc/rc.conf for auto starting backup scheduler and autoupgrade agent.
# obmaua_enable="YES"
# obmscheduler_enable="YES"
Restart computer or run the following scripts
# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/obmscheduler start &
# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/obmaua start &
The backup scheduler and autoupgrade services are automatically installed. Backup sets can now run at their scheduled
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times automatically. *
10. Please go to X Window or command line mode section later in this document to continue installation.
X-Windows
1.
Set the DISPLAY environment variables
Linux / Unix (sh, bash): DISPLAY=IP_ADDRESS_OF_XTERMINAL[:0.0]; export DISPLAY
For example
DISPLAY=:0.0; export DISPLAY
or DISPLAY=127.0.0.1; export DISPLAY
or DISPLAY=127.0.0.1:0.0; export DISPLAY
or DISPLAY=192.168.0.2; export DISPLAY
or DISPLAY=192.168.0.2:0.0; export DISPLAY
BSD (csh): setenv DISPLAY IP_ADDRESS_OF_XTERMINAL[:0.0]
For example
setenv DISPLAY :0.0
or setenv DISPLAY 127.0.0.1
or setenv DISPLAY 127.0.0.1:0.0
or setenv DISPLAY 192.168.0.2
or setenv DISPLAY 192.168.0.2:0.0
2.
Run Ironstor Cloud Backup Manager
# sh /usr/local/obm/bin/RunOBC.sh &
3.
(Optional) Enter the backup server host name in the [Address] field and press the [Next] button.
4.
If you don't have a backup account, register a trial user by the following steps:
i.
Enter the [Login Name], [Password] and [Confirm Password] of your choice
ii.
Enter your [Email] in the text field provided
iii.
Press the [Submit] button
iv.
You should be logged to the backup server already (if the [Login Name] of your choice is already taken by
another user, try a different login name)
5.
If you have a backup account already, select [already a user?] and logon to the server with your existing username and
password.
6.
If this is your first time logging into the server, you will be guided to create a backup set
i.
Enter a backup set name of your choice in the [Name] field and choose the type of backup set in the [Type] field
ii.
Select the files that you want to backup
iii.
Setup the backup schedule by pressing the [Add] button (please note that you can add multiple backup
schedules to a backup set and please select the "Run scheduled backup on this computer" checkbox if you would
like to run Continuous Data Protection (CDP))
iv.
Setup the encryption setting for your backup set (if you don't know much about encryption, just accept the default
values here)
v.
Press the [OK] button to complete the configuration of backup set
7.
To run a backup immediately, click [Backup] button on the left panel, select the backup set and press [OK] button.
8.
Setup completed.
Command Line Mode
1.
2.
Use the web interface to add, update and remove backup sets
i.
If you want to update a backup set, make changes to a backup set and press the [Update] button Enter your
[Email] in the text field provided
ii.
If you want to add a new backup set, click the [Add] link
iii.
If you want to remove a backup set, Select the backup set to be remove and click the [Remove] link
Using Backup Configurator
# sh /usr/local/obm/bin/Configurator.sh
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3.
Enter your Login Name, Password, Backup Server URL and proxy setting as shown below
Login Name: userXXX
Password: *******************
Backup Server URL: xxx.yyy.com
Which Protocol ? (1) Http (2) Https : 1
Use proxy ? (Y)es or (N)o : Y
Proxy Type ? (1) Http/Https Proxy (2) SOCKS : 1
Enter proxy server : aaa.bbb.com
Enter proxy port : xxx
Enter proxy username (optional) : administrator
Enter proxy password (optional) : *******************
4.
If you have created a new backup set using the web interface, you set the encrypting key, the encrypting algorithm and
the encrypting mode of this backup set by following instructions below.
Important: You cannot change these parameters once they are set
Found new backup set 'xxx'
Please enter the following values for this backup set:
Encrypting Algorithm ?
(1) Twofish (2) AES (3) Triple DES (4) No encryption : 1
Encrypting Key: *******************
Re-Enter Encrypting Key: *******************
Encrypting Mode ? (1) ECB (2) CBC : 1
Run scheduled backup on this computer ? (Y)es or (N)o : Y
5.
If you want to make any changes to the setting above, you can use the main menu below to do so.
Main Menu:
-----------(1). List Backup Setting
(2). Change Password
(3). Change Network Setting
(4). Change run scheduled backup setting
(5). Toggle Masked Field (Password, Encryption Key)
(6). Generate Configuration Report (text format)
(7). Quit
Your Choice:
6.
You can then run a backup by executing the command below.
# sh /usr/local/obm/bin/RunBackupSet.sh [BACKUP_SET]
where [BACKUP_SET] is the name of backup set to be run
7.
Setup completed.
* The backup scheduler and autoupgrade services are verified to install successfully on Solaris, FreeBSD and all major Linux
distributions. If these services for other platforms cannot be installed, please refer to the specific OS manual for further information.
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3
Uninstalling IronstorCBM
This section describes the steps required to uninstall IronstorCBM from your computer.
3.1
Uninstalling IronstorCBM for Windows
1.
Open [Start] -> [Control Panel]
2.
Select [Ironstor Cloud Backup Manager] from the list and press the [Remove] button
3.2
1.
-> [Add/Remove Programs]
Uninstalling IronstorCBM for Mac OS X
Remove all program files by running
# cd $OBM_HOME/bin
# sudo ./uninstall.sh
2.
Remove all backup setting by removing ~/.obm
# rm –rf ~/.obm
3.
3.3
1.
Restart your computer
Uninstalling IronstorCBM for Linux/Unix/Solaris
Run the uninstall scripts
# sh /usr/local/obm/bin/uninstall.sh
Removing Scheduler from service using script name obmscheduler
Using init script path /etc/init.d
Using run level script path /etc/rc.d
Removing symbolic link from run levels
Removing script file obmscheduler from /etc/init.d
Shutting down AutoUpdateAgent
Waiting 5 seconds for AutoUpdateAgent to clean up
Removing AutoUpdateAgent from service using script name
Using init script path /etc/init.d
Using run level script path /etc/rc.d
Removing symbolic link from run levels
Removing script file obmaua from /etc/init.d
Online Backup Manager uninstall service is complete!
It is now safe to remove files from /usr/local/obm
2.
Remove installed files and all application data
# rm -rf /usr/local/obm
# rm -rf ~/.obm
3.
Uninstall completed.
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4
Using IronstorCBM
This chapter will describe all the features available in IronstorCBM and outline how you can use IronstorCBM to meet various
backup needs.
4.1
System Tray Launcher (Windows Only)
After you have successfully installed IronstorCBM onto your computer, an IronstorCBM icon will be added to the system tray area
(next to your system clock) automatically.
This icon is the entry point to IronstorCBM. Right clicking the icon will show a menu that provides the following functions:
Menu Item
What it does
Open
Run IronstorCBM.
Backup
Runs a specific backup set (or all backup sets) chosen from the sub-menu in silent
background mode.
Backup and Logoff
Runs a specific backup set (or all backup sets) chosen from the sub-menu in silent
background mode and then logoff from Windows when finished.
Backup and Restart
Runs a specific backup set (or all backup sets) chosen from the sub-menu in silent
background mode and restart Windows when finished.
Backup and Shutdown
Runs a specific backup set (or all backup sets) chosen from the sub-menu in silent
background mode and shutdown the computer when finished.
Backup and Standby
Runs a specific backup set (or all backup sets) chosen from the sub-menu in silent
background mode and enter the Standby mode of Windows.
Backup and Hibernate
Runs a specific backup set (or all backup sets) chosen from the sub-menu in silent
background mode and enter the Hibernate mode of Windows.
Help
Shows a help dialog
Stop running backup
Interrupts a running backup set (or all backup sets) chosen from the sub-menu.
Exit
Close this system tray launcher application.
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4.2
Logon Dialog
Before you can use IronstorCBM, you have to be authenticated by Ironstor Backup Server first. The logon dialog shown below will
check if you have the right to access IronstorCBM by submitting the username and password you provided to the backup server.
For secure communication, you can choose to communicate with Ironstor Backup Server in SSL (Secure Socket Layer) by
selecting the [https] option. The [Address] field shows the network address of Ironstor Backup Server to which IronstorCBM will
connect to authenticate your username and password.
If you need to connect to the server through proxy, just enter your proxy setting in the [Proxy Setting] section. For [SOCKS] proxy,
both v4 and v5 without user authentication are supported.
4.3
Main Window
Press [OK] to logon. After the backup server authenticates you successfully, the IronstorCBM main window appears.
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4.4
User Profile
You can then use IronstorCBM to update your user profile. Press the
button to open the [User Profile] dialog.
You can perform the following update to your user profile.
To change your [Display Name], enter the new display name in the [Display Name] field and press [OK].
To change your [Password], press the [Change] button next to the password field. A [Change Password] dialog will appear. Enter
your original password and new password into the text field of this dialog and press [OK].
To change your [Time Zone], just select your time zone from the drop down list next to the time zone entry.
To add a new contact email to this account, press the [Add] button in the [Contact] section. A [Add New Contact] dialog will appear.
Enter a name and an email address in the text field provided and then press the [OK] button.
To remove a contact email, select the email that is to be removed from the email list and press the [Remove] button. Press [OK] to
confirm the removal.
To update a contact email, select the email that is to be updated from the email list and press the [Properties] button. A [Properties]
dialog will appear. After you have made the changes that you want, press the [OK] button.
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4.5
Backup Logs
All backup activities are logged to backup activity log files. They are available for reviewing from IronstorCBM.
How to review backup activities
You can review all your backup Jobs by
1.
Press the [Backup Log] button on the IronstorCBM main window.
2.
Select the Backup Set you want to review from the [Backup Set] drop down list.
3.
Select the Backup Job you want to review from the [Log] drop down list.
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5
Setting Up Backup Sets
A backup set contains all backup settings of a backup operation. This section will describe all features available within a backup
set and explain how you can use each of them to achieve various tasks.
Each backup account can have multiple backup sets. Each backup set is an individual and independent entity. For example, if you
want one directory to be backed up during the day and another directory to be backed up during the night, you can create two
backup sets, each with a different backup schedule and backup source, to serve this need.
To start setting up backup sets, click the
Backup Set” for the rest of this chapter.
On the left panel, press the
5.1
button to open the [Backup Setting] dialog. As an example, let’s create a “File
button to create a new backup set.
Backup Set Type
A backup set can be of one of the following types:
Backup Type
Description
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File
Backup set type to backup common files/directories
Lotus Domino Server
Backup set type to backup Lotus Domino
Lotus Notes Client
Backup set type to backup Lotus Notes
MS Exchange Server
Backup set type to backup Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 / 2007
MS Exchange Mail Level
Backup set type to backup individual emails, contacts, calendars, tasks
etceteras from Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 /2007
MS SQL Server
Backup set type to backup Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 / 2000 / 2005
MySQL Server
Backup set type to backup MySQL Server
Oracle Database Server
Backup set type to backup Oracle 8i/9i/10g database
System State
Backup set type to backup Microsoft Window’s System State
Backup set type is defined at backup set creation and cannot be modified. If you want to change the backup set type, you have to
create another backup set in the new backup set type.
5.2
Backup Source
A “Backup Source” defines the files/directories that are to be included in a backup set. There are two types of backup source:
Selected and Deselected. Selected backup source defines files/directories that are to be included in a backup set while deselected
backup source defines files/directories that are to be excluded from a backup set. IronstorCBM will generate appropriate backup
source setting for you automatically when you make your backup source selection.
Please note that for Windows operating systems, if the “Hide protected operating files (Recommended)” setting is enabled for the
file explorer, system folders/files will not be shown in the backup source. By selecting the parent folders however, all subfolders
(including system folders/files) will be included in the backup set. Thus if you want to exclude system folders (e.g. recycle bin) from
the backup, please select the desired folders/files directly rather than selecting the parent folder. Alternatively, you can enter the
corresponding system path to the [Exclude List] of the backup set using the web interface.
On the first screen of the dialog, you can easily select the following common folders to be backed up:
1.
“Desktop” folder
2.
“My Documents” folder
3.
“Favorites” folder
4.
“Outlook” and “Outlook Express” mail store folder
On clicking the [Advanced] button, you can easily select other common folders to be backed up as well.
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The checkbox next to the files/directories shown above can be in one of the following mode:
Mode
Description
All files/directories (recursively) under this directory will be backed up
All files/directories (recursively), except those explicitly excluded, under this directory will be backed up.
If you add files/directories to this directory in the future, they will be backed up as well.
Only the checked files/directories under this directory will be backed up. If you add files/directories to
this directory in the future, they will NOT be backed up.
Nothing under this directory will be backed up.
By clicking on the boxes, you can change the modes of each file/directory, in order to create a set of files to be backed up.
You can change the backup source anytime after creating the backup set, by clicking the [Backup Source] node of the left panel on
the [Backup Setting] dialog.
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5.3
Backup Schedule
A “Backup Schedule” defines the frequency and the time that backups should run automatically.
Backup schedule can be in one of the following types:
Type
Description
Daily
Backup Jobs will run everyday
Weekly
Backup Jobs will run on the specified day(s) of every week
Monthly
Backup Jobs will run on the specified day or on a day with a given criteria (e.g. first weekend, last
weekday) of every month
Custom
Backup job will run once on any particular date
For each schedule type above, backup will run at the scheduled time for a maximum of the duration specified (or until all data are
backed up if [Stop on backup completion] option is chosen). If a backup job does not finish within the maximum duration specified,
it will be interrupted.
Please note that you can have more than one schedule within a backup set. For example, you can have a daily backup schedule
that runs at 13:00 at noon and another daily backup schedule that runs at 00:00 at midnight. The combination of these schedules
effectively creates a backup schedule that runs daily at 00:00 and 13:00 everyday.
You can change the backup schedules anytime after creating the backup set, by clicking the [Backup Schedule] node of the left
panel on the [Backup Setting] dialog.
5.4
Continuous Data Protection (CDP)
IronstorCBM Continuous Data Protection (CDP) feature enables files to be backed automatically at the time when there are
changes to files on local hard disks. The benefits of using CDP are:
1.
All intra-day interim changes are backed up automatically. Even if the computer breaks down completely before users
had the change to backup their data at the end of the day in logout backup reminder, all changes within the day have
been backed up safely by CDP and no data are lost.
2.
Sometimes users do not save their data in the folders designated as backup source path and thus results in data not
being backed up even when backup runs. Since CDP tracks all changes of files on local hard disk automatically for users,
all files changed by the users are automatically backed up no matter whether the files are located in the backup source
paths or not. This makes defining a backup set a much easier task for both administrators and users.
Although CDP is a very helpful feature, it does have some drawbacks. For example, a memory resident program, which tracks file
changes to the file system and backs up files continuously in background, consumes both a computer’s CPU and memory
resources. It can potentially slow down a computer considerably. For application servers, e.g. Microsoft Exchange Server or
Microsoft SQL Server, that does not require CDP features (you can use transaction log backup interval of as frequent as every 1
minute to mimic a continuous backup strategy instead), please turn off CDP by changing the startup method of [Control Panel] ->
[Administrative Tools] -> [Services] -> [Continuous Data Protection (IronstorCBM)] -> [General] -> [Startup type] to “manual”.
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The following table explains all CDP parameters available within a backup set.
Parameter
Description
Enable Continuous Data
Protection (local disk only)
It defines whether CDP is enabled in this backup set. Please note that CDP will only backup
files on local hard disks, not files on floppy drives, removable drives and network mapped
drives.
Time Mark Interval
It defines the interval of point-in-time views generated by CDP. For example, if this setting is
set to “60 minutes”, the point-in-time views selectable under IronstorCBM restore wizard
and Ironstor Backup Server File Explorer will be “00:00”, “01:00”, “02:00” etc, for each day.
Minimum Update Interval
It defines the minimum interval that repeatedly updated files are backed up again. For
example, if a file is updated every minute and the [Minimum Update Interval] is set to “10
minutes”, CDP backs up this file every 10 minutes instead of every minute. If you want all
changes to be backed up instead, please change this setting to “Always”. However, since
Ironstor Backup Server keeps only 1 snapshot of file within a single point-in-time view
(“Time Mark Interval”), only the last backup file within each point-in-time view is restorable
from Ironstor Backup Server, all other interim backup files are overwritten automatically
without notice.
Please note that this applies to all full file backup only, but not for files that are backed up
incrementally by in-file delta. To maintain a valid in-file delta chain for incremental delta
files, Ironstor Backup Server will not delete incremental delta files automatically. If you are
interested in restoring any of these snapshots backed up, you can use the [Show all files]
view to display all interim incremental backup files.
Type
[Backup file(s) selected by backup sources and filters] – when this option is selected, CDP
will only back up all changed files selected by backup set sources and filters settings
[Backup all files]
– when this option is selected, CDP will only back up all changed files
[Custom] – when this option is selected, CDP will only back up changed files selected by
CDP backup sources and CDP backup filters settings
Do not backup files defined
as system files
If this option is enabled, CDP will exclude the following files from its backup:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
'[WINDOWS_DIR]' (e.g. C:\WINDOWS\*)
'[PROGRAM_DIR]' (e.g. C:\Program Files\*)
'[RECYCLE_BIN_DIR]' (e.g. C:\RECYCLER, D:\$Recycle.Bin)
'[ALL_LOCAL_DRIVE]:\Pagefile.sys' (e.g. C:\Pagefile.sys, D:\Pagefile.sys)
'[ALL_LOCAL_DRIVE]:\hiberfil.sys' (e.g. C:\hiberfil.sys, D:\hiberfil.sys)
'[ALL_LOCAL_DRIVE]:\***\*.tmp' (e.g. C:\xxx\abc.tmp, D:\yyy\abc.tmp)
'[ALL_LOCAL_DRIVE]:\System Volume Information' (e.g. C:\System Volume
Information, D:\System Volume Information)
'[APP_DATA]\Microsoft'
'[APP_DATA]\Kaspersky Lab'
'[APP_DATA]\Symantec'
'[APP_DATA]\Avg7'
'[APP_DATA]\Avg8'
'[APP_DATA]\McAfee'
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14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
'[APP_DATA]\McAfee.com'
'[APP_DATA]\Sophos'
'*\ntuser.dat'
'*\Application Data\Mozilla\*'
'*\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\*'
'*\Application Data\Macromedia\*'
'~$*.(doc|dot|ppt|xls|DOC|DOT|PPT|XLS)'
'*\Local Settings\(Temp|Temporary Internet Files|History)\*'
'*\LOCALS~1\(Temp|Tempor~1|History)\*'
where
[APP_DATA] = "C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\" (XP) or
"C:\ProgramData" (Vista)
Backup Source
This option is only available when [Custom] CDP type is selected. When this option is used,
CDP will only backup the files under the paths defined and all other files are ignored.
Backup Filter
This defines whether any file will be backed up by CDP. When CDP type is [Backup all
files], it is only possible to exclude files from CDP backup. CDP backup filter is similar to
backup set filter, please refer to Backup Filter section for more information.
5.5
Encryption
Before your files are sent to Ironstor Backup Server, all your files are compressed and encrypted using your choice of encryption
algorithm, mode and key.
The following table explains all encryption parameters available within a backup set.
Note:
Encryption settings are set at backup set creation time and cannot be modified. You need to create a new backup set if you want to
change your encryption settings for a backup set.
Parameter
Description
Encryption Algorithm
It defines the encrypting algorithm used to encrypt your backup files. There are three encryption
algorithms available:
[AES]
[DESede]
[Twofish]
Advanced Encryption Standard algorithm
Triple DES algorithm
Twofish algorithm
We recommend the use of AES as it has been chosen as the encryption standard for
commercial use. Please refer to references on Cryptography for more information about
encryption algorithms.
Encryption Mode
It defines the encrypting mode used to encrypt your backup files. There are two encryption
modes available:
[ECB]
[CBC]
Electronic Cook Book Mode
Cipher Block Chaining Mode
We recommend the use of CBC mode as it offers better security. Please refer to references on
Cryptography for more information about encryption modes.
Encrypting Key
The key used to encrypt all files within a backup set. Please write it down on paper and keep
it in a safe place. If the key is lost, you will not be able to recover your files from the
encrypted backup files.
If you are not familiar with cryptography, it is recommended to use [Default] encryption. By selecting [Default], the encryption key
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will be your login password.
You can change the encryption key anytime after creating the backup set, by clicking the [Encryption] node of the left panel on the
[Backup Setting] dialog. The algorithm and mode cannot be changed however.
5.6
Mapped Network Drive
If you need to backup a mapped network drive on Windows (which will only work in Windows NT/2000/XP/2003/Vista), you must
enter your Window’s domain, username and password into the [Network Resources Authentication for Windows] section as shown
below. It is required because scheduled backups will always run under the context of Window’s “Local System” account (which
does not have the privileges required to access network resources) by default. IronstorCBM needs to collect your Windows
username, password and domain name to authenticate itself to the windows domain controller to acquire the required access
privileges to the network files to be backed up. If you don’t supply a username and password, IronstorCBM will have problems
accessing network resources in its scheduled backup Jobs.
If you need to backup network mapped drive in scheduled backup, please do this:
i.
Select the backup set from the drop down list at the top of the left panel
ii.
Enter your Windows domain, username and password into the right panel and press [OK]
iii.
Press the [OK] button to save.
The steps above apply only to computers running in a Windows domain. If you don’t have a windows domain with your network
and you are using a workgroup, please use the “net use” command to authenticate the running backup process against the
computer hosting the mapped drive. Otherwise, you will get “Access Denied” error from the backup report.
For example, if you want to backup \\SERVER\SHARE that is located on a computer in a windows workgroup and you are getting
"Network drive is not accessible" error message, please try adding the following command as a [Pre-backup command]
net use \\SERVER\SHARE [PASSWORD] /USER:[DOMAIN | MACHINE_NAME]\[USERNAME]
E.g.
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Enter one of the following commands directly into the Pre-Backup Command:
net use \\Netware\Data password /USER:user
net use \\WorkgroupComputer1\Data password /USER:WorkgroupComputer1\user
This will authenticate the current process with the computer in a windows workgroup and backup will then run correctly.
5.7
Backup Filter
A “Backup Filter” defines the file selection rules that allow user to easily include/exclude files into/from the backup set by applying
user defined criteria(s) to the file names or directory names.
There are some basic rules regarding backup filters:
i.
Filters are checked in creation order. Once inclusion/exclusion has been identified, the remaining filters won't be
checked.
ii.
Inclusion/Exclusion made by filter always takes precedence over backup source selections
iii.
If all filters do not apply to a particular file, this file is then checked for inclusion/exclusion backup source
selections
To add a new filter, press the [Add] button at the bottom of the right panel.
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Key
Description
Name
The name of a filter
Top Directory
The top directory to which this filter is applied. Filtering rules will be applied to all files
and/or directories under this directory.
Apply To
Define whether to apply the filtering rule to files and/or directories
Pattern Matching
It defines the filtering rules of a filter. A filtering rule can be of one of the following types:
[Starts With]
Include/Exclude all files/directories with name starting with a
certain pattern.
For example: You can use B* to match all files with name
starting with a ‘B’ character
[Contains]
Include/Exclude all files/directories with name containing a
certain pattern.
For example: You can use *B* to match all files with name
containing with a ‘B’ character
[Ends With]
Include/Exclude all files/directories with name ending with a
certain pattern.
For example: You can use *.doc to match all files with name
ending with ‘.doc’ (all Word documents)
[Regular Expression]
Include/Exclude all files/directories with name matching a
regular expression.
To add a new pattern, press the [Add] button in the [Pattern Matching] area.
Filter Mode
Defines whether you want to include or exclude matched files into/from the backup set.
Also, for those unmatched files, you can choose to exclude (if include filter type) or
include (if exclude filter type) them into/from the backup set.
Example 1:
If you want to backup only Word, Excel and PowerPoint documents in your document directory (e.g. C:\My Documents), you
should setup your backup filter as follows.
Top Directory
Apply To
Matching Type
Matching Patterns
Filter Mode
Exclude all others
= C:\My Documents
= File (true)
= End With
= *.doc, *.xls, *.ppt
= Include
= True
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Example 2:
If you want to backup all files, excluding all *.exe, *.dll and *.tmp, in C:\Applications, you should setup your backup filter as follows.
Top Directory
Apply To
Matching Type
Matching Patterns
Filter Mode
Include all others
= C:\Applications
= File (true)
= End With
= *.exe,*.dll, *.tmp
= Exclude
= True
Example 3:
If you have made your selection of files (all under C:\) from the backup source setting but you want exclude all images (e.g. *.jpg
and *.gif) from your selection, you should setup your backup filter as follows.
Top Directory
Apply To
Matching Type
Matching Patterns
Filter Mode
Include all others
= C:\
= File (true)
= End With
= *.jpg, *.gif
= Exclude
= false
Please note that the [Include all others] setting is not enabled because you don’t want to include all other files (NOT *.jpg, *.gif)
under C:\ into the backup set.
Example 4: (advanced)
If you want to include everything, except the “log” directory, under C:\Applications into a backup set, you should setup your backup
filter as follows.
Top Directory
Apply To
Matching Type
Matching Patterns
Filter Mode
Include all others
= C:\Applications
= Directory (true)
= Regular Expression
= ^log$
= Exclude
= True
Example 5: (advanced)
If you want to include all directories named “log” from the backup set files with file name starting with “B” and ending with “*.doc”
under C:\My Documents into the backup set, you can use a regular expression of “^B.*\.doc$” to do your selection. The filter
backup can then be setup as follows.
Top Directory
Apply To
Matching Type
Matching Patterns
Filter Mode
Exclude all others
= C:\My Documents
= File (true)
= Regular Expression
= ^B.*\.doc$
= Include
= True
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5.8
Pre/Post-Backup Command
The [Command Line Tool] feature has two major components, the [Pre-Backup] command and the [Post-Backup] command. You
can use the [Pre-Backup] or [Post-Backup] commands to run any native OS (operating system) commands before or after running
a backup job.
Both [Pre-Backup] and [Post-Backup] commands comprise of the following parameters:
Key
Description
Name
Name of this Command
Command
The command to be run
(e.g. C:\My Documents\Application.exe or C:\My Documents\BatchJob.bat)
Working Directory
The directory at which this command will run
The backup set type affects the time at which [Pre-Backup] and [Post-Backup] commands run. The following table outlines when
[Pre-Backup] and [Post-Backup] commands will run in different types of backup set.
Backup Set Type
When Pre-Backup Commands run?
When Post-Commands run?
File
Before uploading backup files
After uploading all backup files
Non-File Backup Sets
(e.g. Microsoft SQL
Server)
Before spooling backup files to temporary
directory
After spooling backup files to temporary
directory (i.e. before the first backup file
is uploaded)
Note: You should never backup an application while it is running as this can result in inconsistent and unusable files getting backed
up. Please use the “Volume Shadow Copy” feature if you’re running Windows XP/2003/Vista or make use of the Pre-Backup
Command feature to shutdown your application before running a backup job and use the Post-Backup Command feature to restart
your application after the backup job has completed.
For Example
You want to stop Microsoft Outlook using the Pre-Backup Command and restart it after backup using the Post-Backup Command,
create the two following text files and assigned the files to Pre-Backup and Post-Backup Command.
1.
Create a text file named “OutlookClose.vbs” using notepad with the following two lines:
Set objOLK = createObject("Outlook.Application")
objOLK.quit
2.
Create a text file named “OutlookStart.bat” using notepad with the following line:
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"C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\OFFICE11\OUTLOOK.EXE"
5.9
Temporary directory
If you are running a file backup job with in-file delta enabled or a database type backup job, IronstorCBM will generate temporary
files and the directory that will be used to store all these files are defined by [Options] -> [Temporary directory for storing backup
files]. Please set this to a non-system disk partition that has enough free space to avoid problems.
You can set the [Temporary directory for storing backup files] to a mapped network drive. If you choose to do this, please use a
UNC path (e.g. \\SERVER\SHARE) and don’t forget to configure the [Backup Set] -> [Network Resources Authentication for
Windows] setting.
5.10 Transfer Block Size
Transfer block size defines the block size IronstorCBM will use to transfer your backup blocks. Generally, backup jobs using a
larger block size will have better performance, because of the smaller number of connections involved.
However, some firewalls or proxy servers may block out-going network traffic (HTTP/HTTPS POST method) with large block size
for security reasons. If you are in a network with this type of restriction, please lower the transfer size value and try again.
To change the transfer block size of any backup set, please select the [Options] node on the left panel and then you can make
changes to the [Transfer Block Size] under [Advanced Options]. After you have made your changes, just press the [OK] button to
save.
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5.11 Follow Symbolic Link (Linux/Unix/Mac only)
Under Unix/Linux/Mac, users can create a symbolic link to link a file/directory from another directory. This setting defines whether
you want IronstorCBM to traverse any symbolic links encountered on your backup path.
To change the follow symbolic link of any backup set, please select the [Options] node on the left panel. You can then make
changes to the [Follow Symbolic Link] by checking or un-checking the box. After you have made your changes, just press the [OK]
button to save.
5.12 Microsoft’s Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS)
Microsoft Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) allows you to backup files that are exclusively opened. Without VSS, you will get
the error message “The process cannot access the file because another process has locked a portion of the file” if you are trying to
backup a file that is exclusively opened (e.g. Outlook PST file).
Please note that VSS is only available on Windows XP / 2003 / 2008 / Vista and you must have administrative privileges to start
the VSS service on a computer. Also VSS will only work if at least one of your partitions is formatted using NTFS.
If you are running Windows 2003, please install the Windows
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;887827 before running VSS.
2003
VSS
hot
fix
available
in
If you are running into problems with VSS running on Windows XP / 2003, Microsoft's recommendation is to try re-registering the
Volume Shadow Copy Service again. Simply run the script [OBM Home]\bin\RegisterVSS.bat to do so.
For more information, please take a look at the following page for a technical introduction to Volume Shadow Copy Services (VSS):
http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver/en/library/2b0d2457-b7d8-42c3-b6c9-59c145b7765f1033.mspx
5.13 Retention Policy
During backup, if IronstorCBM finds that you have deleted a file (or updated a file) on your computer, it will put the corresponding
deleted (or updated) file already backed up on the backup server into a retention area. The retention policy setting defines how
long files inside the retention area will be kept on the backup server before they are deleted automatically from the server.
Retention policy will only affect “retained” file (i.e. files that have already been deleted or updated on your computer and thus are
moved to the retention area of the backup server). For those files that have not been updated on your computer, the backup of
these files is kept in the data area on the backup server and won’t be affected by the setting of retention policy. These backup files
of unchanged files will stay on the backup server forever until the original files are removed (or updated) from your computer.
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Standard Retention Policy
The standard retention policy allows you to delete retained files automatically after a user defined number of days or after a user
defined number of backup Jobs. To change the retention policy setting of any backup set, please select the [Retention Policy] node
on the left panel. You can then make changes to your retention policy under the [Retention Policy] section. After you have made
your changes, just press the [OK] button to save.
Advanced Retention Policy
The [Advanced] retention policy allows you to configure a more flexible retention policy. It allows you to keep a set of snapshots of
all backup files based on the time of the backup Jobs. For example, you can configure the advanced retention policy to keep the
following sets of backup files to mimic the retention policy of the old days when you were still doing tape rotations:
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u
All files available within the last 7 days
u
All files available on the last 4 Saturdays within the last 28 days
u
All files available on the 1 day of each month within the last 3 months
u
All files available on the 1 day of each quarter within the last 12 months
u
All files available on the 1 day of each year within the last 7 years
st
st
st
To do so, you need to setup your advanced retention policy as follows:
u
Type = Daily; Number of copy to keep = 7
u
Type = Weekly; Frequency = Saturday; Number of copy to keep = 4
u
Type = Monthly; Frequency = Day 1; Number of copy to keep = 3
u
Type = Quarterly; Frequency = Day 1 of Jan, Apr, Jul, Oct; Number of copy to keep = 4
u
Type = Yearly; Frequency = Date 01-01; Number of copy to keep = 7
Assuming today is 17-Jan-2006, if [Remove retention files for overlap policy] is NOT enabled, a total of 22 snapshots (provided you
have run backups daily for more than 7 years) will be kept on the server accordingly, i.e.:
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Quarterly
Yearly
16-Jan-2006
14-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2006
15-Jan-2006
07-Jan-2006
01-Dec-2005
01-Oct-2005
01-Jan-2005
14-Jan-2006
31-Dec-2005
01-Nov-2005
01-Jul-2005
01-Jan-2004
13-Jan-2006
24-Dec-2005
01-Apr-2005
01-Jan-2003
12-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2002
11-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2001
10-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2000
If [Remove retention files for overlap policy] is enabled, only the following snapshots are kept:
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Quarterly
Yearly
16-Jan-2006
14-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2006
15-Jan-2006
07-Jan-2006
01-Dec-2005
01-Oct-2005
01-Jan-2005
14-Jan-2006
31-Dec-2005
01-Nov-2005
01-Jul-2005
01-Jan-2004
13-Jan-2006
24-Dec-2005
01-Apr-2005
01-Jan-2003
12-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2002
11-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2001
10-Jan-2006
01-Jan-2000
The weekly policy overrides the daily policy so the snapshots of 10-Jan-2006, 11-Jan-2006, 12-Jan-2006, 13-Jan-2006 and 14Jan-2006 are removed. The monthly policy overrides the weekly policy so the snapshots of 24-Dec-2005 and 31-Dec-2005 are
removed. The same applies to the monthly, quarterly and yearly policy giving a total of 11 snapshots.
5.14 Extra Backup (Off-Line backup, Logout Reminder)
Off-line backup is basically designed for notebook users who are off-line most of the time and cannot rely on the backup schedule
to backup regularly. The "Backup Interval" allows notebook users to specify the interval that they would like their data to backup.
When the machine is online and this interval has elapsed, backup will run automatically. If [Off-Line Backup Alert] is enabled, a
popup message box will ask the user to confirm starting the backup.
The [Email Notification] setting is the number of days since the last backup that triggers the backup server to send email
notification to the client to remind him to run an off-line backup.
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When the [System Logout Backup Reminder] setting is enabled, a popup message box will ask the user to start a backup before
logging out / shutting down Windows.
5.15 In-File Delta
Please refer to the in-file delta section for more information on this topic.
5.16 Local Copy
If you want to save an extra copy of backup data on your local hard disk (in addition to a copy of backup data stored on the backup
server) to minimize file-restoring time and/or to provide an extra safety precaution, you can do the following:
i.
Open IronstorCBM from the System Tray (see previous sections for details)
ii.
Setup your backup set (see previous sections for details)
iii.
Select [Local Copy] under your backup set from the left panel
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iv.
Check the [Copy to Local Hard Disk] checkbox
v.
Enter a directory to where you want an extra copy of your backup files to be stored in the [Copy to] field provided
(preferably a directory under another hard disk)
vi.
An extra copy of backup will be saved in the [Copy to] directory when you run your backup job
If you want to make local copy to a directory located on another computer is a windows workgroup and you are getting "Network
drive is not accessible" error message, please try adding the following command as a [Pre-backup command]
net use \\SERVER\SHARE [PASSWORD] /USER:[DOMAIN | MACHINE_NAME]\[USERNAME]
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E.g.
C:\> net use \\Netware\Data password /USER:user
C:\> net use \\WorkgroupComputer1\Data password /USER:WorkgroupComputer1\user
This will authenticate the current process with the remote computer is a windows workgroup. Backup will then be allowed to run
successfullly.
How to restore “Local Copy” files
“Local Copy” files are stored in the [Copy to] directory (under [Local Copy] setting). To restore backup files, please do the
followings:
i.
Press the
button on the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
ii.
Select the required [Backup Set] from the list and press [Next] to proceed.
iii.
Fill in the [Source Directory] (directory where “Local Copy” files are stored) and [Destination Directory] (directory
to where you want “Local Copy” files to be restored)
iv.
Click [Start Decrypt], and when it finishes you can see something similar to the following on the screen:
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5.17 Using One Backup Account for Multiple Computers
IronstorCBM allows you to backup multiple computers using a single backup account. To backup multiple computers, you need to
create a different backup set to backup each individual computer and to configure the [Run scheduled backup on this computer]
checkbox, which is placed under the [Backup Schedule] node.
Since the computer that created the backup set will have its computer name associated with the backup set. The backup scheduler
running on each computer will only run backup sets with the same computer name as itself. Thus, you just need to make sure that
all your computer names using a single backup account are unique.
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6
Backing Up Files
This chapter describes how files are backed up by IronstorCBM to the backup server
6.1
How files are backed up
The diagram below describes how IronstorCBM backup your files.
Backup Operations:
1. Collect all files which are new or have
been updated since last backup
2. Each of these files is zipped,
encrypted and securely backed up
to Online Backup Server through
Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
User’s Computer
Backup Server
User Directory
Online Backup Manager can be configured
to start automatically every night. All user
files created/updated during the day will
then be backed up to the backup server on the
same night without any user intervention.
Backup Directory
All users' files are encrypted by a
world's first class 128-bit encryption
algorithm with a user defined encrypting
key. File content is meaningless to
everyone except the user.
Run backup at scheduled time automatically
Once you set your backup scheduled, a backup job will be started automatically to perform backup operation for you at your
absence. You can have backup running at your scheduled time as often as you want (e.g. twice a day or hourly during office hour)
without requiring doing any extra work.
Incremental Backup
Unchanged files are already backed up to server and need not to be backed up again. IronstorCBM will pick the new or updated
files from your backup set files and upload only these files to the server. It significantly reduces the time required to perform the
backup operation since most users update less than 5% of their total data each day.
Compress and encrypt data automatically
Data are compressed and encrypted before they are uploaded to the server. Not only does it reduce the storage space to keep you
backup files, it also ensures the privacy of your data.
File Retention Policy
The built-in file retention policy allows you to access multiple versions of the same file or even deleted files from your backup set.
Backup files are put into a retention area before they are removed from the server. If you want to get back a deleted file (or you
want to get back the previous versions of an updated files) within the retention period, these files will always be available in the
retention area. This feature is particularly useful when you have accidentally deleted a file or incorrectly updated a file within the file
retention period (file retention period is user customizable).
6.2
Backup files directly to the backup server
You can backup your data to Ironstor Backup Server by following instructions below.
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i.
Open IronstorCBM.
ii.
Right click IronstorCBM icon available in the system tray and choose [Open].
a.
To start setting up backup sets, click the
b.
On the left panel, press the
c.
Enter a name for your backup set.
d.
Select the files/directories you want to backup.
button to open the [Backup Setting] dialog.
button to create a new backup set.
Press [Advance] to add more files to the backup set.
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iii.
e.
Set the backup schedule (Note: You can have more than one schedule in a backup set).
f.
Set the encryption algorithm, encryption mode and encrypting key for this backup set
(Hint: For the sake of simplicity, just select the [Default] radio button (your encrypting key is set to be the
same as your backup account password).
Run Backup
a.
Press the [Backup] button on the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
b.
Select the backup set you want to run and select [Offsite Backup Server] to start backing up your files to
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Ironstor Backup Server. If applicable, you can change the In-File Delta Type also.
c.
Press [OK] to start the backup job.
Note:
1. You can have more than one backup set in a backup account.
2. Please write the encrypting key down on paper and keep it in a safe place. If you lose your encrypting key,
there is no way to restore your backup files.
6.3
Backup files to removable hard disk (seed loading)
If you have a lot of data (e.g. 300GB) to backup to the backup server, it would take a considerable amount of time to perform the
first full backup through the Internet. If you run into this problem, you can use the Seed Loading Utility to backup your backup set to
local hard disk (instead of directly to the backup server) and then transport the backup data, using removable hard disk, to Ironstor
Backup Server. The administrator can then load all your backup files from your removable hard disk into your backup account. This
could then save you days (even weeks) of performing your first full backup. Since subsequent backup will be incremental backup
(only new or updated files will be uploaded to the server) you should have no problems uploading your backup data afterwards.
To perform seeding loading, please do the following:
i.
Open IronstorCBM from the System Tray (see previous sections for details).
ii.
Setup your backup set (see previous sections for details).
iii.
Select the backup set you want to run and select [Local Hard Disk (Seed Load Utility)] to start backing up your
files to local hard disk. In the field under the option, enter a directory where you want all backup files to be stored.
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iv.
Please make sure you have enough free space in the directory specified. If you are going to transport a
removable hard disk to Ironstor Backup Server, please enter a directory under your removable hard disk here.
Press the [OK] button to start the backup job.
v.
You should get the message “Backup Completed Successfully” as shown below after all backup files are spooled
to the directory you specified.
vi.
Transport the data in the specified directory to Ironstor Backup Server.
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7
Restoring Files
This chapter describes different ways files can be restored from the backup server
It is very important to write down your encrypting key on paper and keep it in a safe place because
there will be no way to restore your backup files if you lose your encrypting key.
7.1
Restore backup files directly from backup server
You can use either IronstorCBM or the web restorer to restore backup files from the backup server.
Using IronstorCBM
You can restore your data from the backup server by following instructions below.
i.
Open IronstorCBM from the System Tray (see previous sections for details).
ii.
Select the [Restore] button on the left of the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
iii.
Select the backup set from which you would like files to be restored from the list.
iv.
Select the snapshot of your backup files that you would like to restore from the backup server by using [Show
files after Job] drop down list
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v.
Use the [Change] button to select the directory to where you want files to be restored (or simply select [Original
location] to restore files to their original path).
vi.
Select the files that you would like to restore and press the [Start Restore] button to start.
vii.
Files will be restored automatically as shown below (a file won’t be downloaded from the backup server again if
an identical file exists on local path already).
Using the web interface
You can restore your data from Ironstor Backup Server by following instructions below.
i.
Logon to the Ironstor Backup Server web interface
ii.
From the top menu, click [File Explorer]
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iii.
Select the [Backup Set] that contains the files that you want to restore by clicking on the links
iv.
Select the snapshot of your backup files that you would like to restore from the backup server by using [Show
files As Of] drop down list
v.
If you want to see all the different versions of all files (shown as gray below), just choose the [Show all files] radio
button on the [File Explorer] page.
Files, which are shown in gray below (e.g. Copy of test.txt), are being stored in the retention area on the backup
server but you can still restore these files from the backup server.
vi.
Select the files that you would like to restore and press the [Restore] button on the toolbar
vii.
A dialog shown below would appear
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7.2
a.
Press the [Restore] button
b.
Enter the directory to which backup files should be restored to in the [Restore files to] textbox
c.
Enter the encrypting key which will be used to decrypt your backup files upon restoring your backup files
d.
Press the [Start] button to start restoring
Restore backup files from removable hard disk
If you want to restore lots of backup files from the backup server and you find it too slow to restore all your backup files from the
backup server through the internet, you can request all your backup files be copied to a removable hard disk and then delivered to
you. However, all backup files stored on backup server are in encrypted format. You need to decrypt them back to their original
format before you can use them. To decrypt your backup files from removable media, please do the followings:
i.
Open IronstorCBM from the System Tray
ii.
Press the
iii.
Use the [Change] button to locate the “files” directory which contains the backup files that you want to decrypt
button to start the [Decrypt Files Wizard].
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iv.
If you have more than one backup set under the “files” directory, select the [Backup Set] which contains the
backup files that you want to decrypt
v.
Select the snapshot of your backup files that you would like to restore from the removable media by using [Show
files after Job] drop down list
vi.
If you want to see all the different versions of all files (shown as gray below), just choose the [Show all files] radio
button on the [Decrypt Files Wizard] dialog.
Files, which are shown in gray below (e.g. test.exe), are being stored in the retention area on the removable
media (but you can still restore these files).
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7.3
vii.
Use the [Change] button to select the directory to where you want files to be restored (or simply select [Original
location] to restore files to their original path).
viii.
Press the [Start Decrypt] button to start restoring. When it finishes, you will see a screen similar to the following:
IP addresses Restriction for Online Restore
Online file restore operation can be restricted by IP addresses. You can restrict online file restoration for your backup sets by IP
addresses to only allow people from authorized IP addresses to restore files from the backup server. To check if online file restore
of any backup set is restricted this way, please logon to the web interface of Ironstor Backup Server, and check the section of
[Backup Set] -> [Online Restore IP restriction] (shown below).
Users are not allowed to update the [Online Restore IP restriction] directly. Please contact us to have an IP restriction added.
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8
In-File Delta Technology
The chapter describes what in-file delta technology is and how in-file delta can be used to backup large database files (e.g. a 10GB
Outlook.pst file) without uploading the whole database file everyday.
8.1
Overview
In-file delta technology is an advanced data block matching algorithm which has the intelligence to pick up changes (delta) of file
content between two files. Using this algorithm, daily backing up of large files (e.g. a 10GB Outlook.pst file) over low-speed internet
connection is made possible because it requires only the changes of information (should be marginal) since the last backup to be
sent over a low-speed internet connection to complete the backup of a large file (here we assume that the full backup of the file
has been saved on the backup server already).
This is what will happen in the backup of a 10GB Outlook.pst file when it is backed up by IronstorCBM with in-file delta technology.
i.
The whole files (10GB), along with its checksum file, are backed up to the backup server. This can be done
directly through the internet or indirectly using the seed loading utility on a removable hard disk.
ii.
When the backup runs again later (normally the next day), IronstorCBM will download a checksum listing of all
data blocks of the full backup file (or last incremental backup file) from the backup server and use it to pick up all
changes that have been made to the current Outlook.pst file.
iii.
Changes detected are then saved in a delta file which is uploaded to the backup server. A new checksum file is
generated and is also uploaded. (This delta file is assumed to be small because the content of PST files doesn’t
change a lot during daily usage)
iv.
Subsequent backups of this 10GB Outlook.pst file will go through step ii and step iii again. As explained, only a
small delta file and checksum file will be uploaded to the backup server.
v.
With in-file delta technology, daily backing up of large file over low-speed internet connection is now possible
Incremental in-file delta type
Incremental Delta will facilitate ease of backup. The delta is generated by comparing with the latest uploaded full or delta file. The
delta file generated is the smallest possible and uses the least bandwidth during backup. For restoration, the full file and all delta
files up to the required point-in-time is required to restore the file to a specific point-in-time.
Example: If you are adding around 100MB changes to a 10G Outlook.pst everyday.
After the first full backup job, IronstorCBM will continue to generate and upload delta files instead of uploading the full file until
either one of the following two rules are true:
a)
Number of deltas generated since the last full backup is greater than the [No. of Delta] setting.
b)
The delta ratio (the ratio of the delta file size against the full file size) is greater than the [Delta Ratio] setting
Using incremental delta, the delta generated by comparing the current file with the latest uploaded full or delta file is around 100MB.
Since the delta file size is around 100MB daily, the delta ratio (around 1%) will not trigger a full file upload. Instead IronstorCBM will
continue to generate and upload delta files until day 102 (assuming the full file was uploaded on day 1) when the number of deltas
generated exceeds the [No. of Delta] setting and triggers the upload of the full Outlook.pst file. You can disable the [No. of Delta]
and [Delta Ratio] if you don’t want to upload the full file.
All delta files are generated with respect to changes made since the last incremental or full backup. This means that the last full
backup file and ALL incremental delta backup files are required to restore the latest snapshot of a backup file.
Differential in-file delta type
Differential Delta will facilitate ease of restore. The delta is generated by comparing with the latest uploaded full file. The delta file
generated grows daily and uses more bandwidth during backup. For restoration, the full file and a single delta file is required to
restore the file to a specific point-in-time.
Example: If you are adding around 100MB changes to a 10G Outlook.pst everyday.
After the first full backup job, IronstorCBM will continue to generate and upload delta files instead of uploading the full file until
either one of the following two rules are true:
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c)
Number of deltas generated since the last full backup is greater than the [No. of Delta] setting.
d)
The delta ratio (the ratio of the delta file size against the full file size) is greater than the [Delta Ratio] setting
Using differential delta, the delta generated by comparing the current file with the latest uploaded full file is around 100MB for the
st
nd
rd
1 delta, 200MB for the 2 delta, 300MB for the 3 delta and so on.
Since the delta file grows by 100MB daily, the delta ratio for day 52 (delta file size is approximately 51x100= 5.1GB, assuming the
full file was uploaded on day 1) being over 50% exceeds the [Delta Ratio] setting and triggers the upload of the full Outlook.pst file.
You can disable the [No. of Delta] and [Delta Ratio] if you don’t want to upload the full file.
All delta files are generated with respect to changes made since the last full backup file (i.e. differential backup). This means that
only last full backup file and the last delta file are required to restore the latest snapshot of a backup file. This means that other
intermediate delta files are only required if you want to restore other snapshots of a backup file.
Differential in-file delta backup has the benefits that a corrupted delta file would only make one particular version of a backup file
non-recoverable and all other backups created by other delta files of the same file would still be intact.
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8.2
Block Size
The block size defines the size of data block being used to detect the changes between the last full or delta backup file and the file
sitting on the local computer right now. In general, the smaller the block size, the more likely a matched data block can be found
between the last backup file and the file on local computer. It, therefore, produces a smaller delta file but it would require more
processing power to detect these changes. On the other hand, in-file delta backup running with larger block size will run faster but
this will generally produce a larger delta file.
In most case, the default setting [Auto] will choose the optimal block size for each file (depending on the size of the file) for you.
8.3
Minimum File Size
The [Minimum Size] setting defines the smallest file size a file must have before the use and application of in-file delta backup
technology.
If the size of a file that is being backed up is smaller than the [Minimum Size] setting, in-file delta backup technology won’t be
applied to this file and the whole file, instead of just the delta file, will be uploaded to the backup server. It is not necessary to
perform in-file delta backup on small files because backing up the whole file doesn’t take too long anyway. Backing up the whole
file instead reduces the time required to restore a backup file.
8.4
Uploading full file again
No. of Delta
The [No. of delta] setting defines the maximum number of delta files from the same full backup file to be generated and backed up
to the backup server before a full backup (the whole file) of this file is uploaded to the backup server instead.
For example, if you have created 100 delta files from the full backup file already and the [No. of delta] setting is set to 100, the next
backup will upload a full backup file (the whole file) instead of just the delta file. However, if the [No. of delta] rule is disabled, it will
keep generating delta files and uploading these delta files to the backup server until the other delta rule forces a full backup (i.e.
delta ratio exceeded). This setting is here to make sure that there will always be a full backup file after a certain number of delta
files have been generated.
Delta Ratio
The [Delta Ratio] setting is defined to be the size of a delta file divided by the size of its full backup files (i.e. the percentage of
changes detected between the last full backup file and the current file).
If the delta ratio calculated from the size of the generated delta file and the size of the full backup file is greater than the [Delta
Ratio] setting, the whole file, instead of just the delta file, will be backed up to the backup server. It is done this way because the
difference between backing up the whole file and the delta file is not significant and it is better to upload the whole file instead to
reduce the time required to restore the file.
The default setting of [Delta Ratio] is 50%. This means that if a file changes by more than 50%, the whole file, instead of just the
delta file, will be backed up and uploaded to the backup server.
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8.5
Advanced In-file delta type
The [In-file delta] -> [Advanced] setting allows users to override default in-file delta type when on a certain number of days (e.g. all
st
Sundays or the 1 day of each month). This is useful if you want all in-file delta backups to be incremental but you want to do a
st
differential in-file delta backup on Saturdays as well as the full file backups on the 1 day of every month. If you want to do this,
simply press the [Advanced] button and the [Advanced In-File Delta Type Setting] dialog will be popped up as shown below.
st
With this setting, all backup Jobs on Saturdays will be differential in-file delta backups, backups for the 1 day of each month will
run a full backup. This ensures that all backup files will be backed up in full at a regular interval. One benefit of this is that restore
time will run faster because of less delta merging. Another benefit is that the risk of a corrupted incremental delta file resulting in
data loss is much lower because a full backup is always available periodically.
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9
Backup/Restore Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 / 2000 / 2005 / 2008
This chapter will describe in details how to use IronstorCBM to backup your Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 / 2000 / 2005 / 2008 server
and how you can restore your Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 / 2000 / 2005 / 2008 server from the backup files.
9.1
9.2
Requirements
i.
IronstorCBM must be installed onto the computer running Microsoft SQL Server.
ii.
Data from Microsoft SQL Server will be backed up to a temporary directory before they are sent to Ironstor
Backup Server. Please make sure you have sufficient space on your computer to store these data when you run
the backup job.
Overview
IronstorCBM will backup your Microsoft SQL Server database(s) by taking the following steps:
9.3
iii.
Before running any backup activities, IronstorCBM will run all Pre-Commands of the backup set.
iv.
For each database that is to be backed up, IronstorCBM will issue a database / transaction log backup command
to Microsoft SQL Server to backup each database to a Microsoft SQL Server database backup file (*.bak file)
and save it in the temporary directory you specified.
v.
After all *.bak files have been spooled to the temporary directories, IronstorCBM will run all Post-Commands of
the backup set.
vi.
Upload all files copied to the temporary directory to Ironstor Backup Server.
vii.
Remove temporary files from the temporary directory
How to backup Microsoft SQL Server database(s)
Please follow the instructions below to backup your Microsoft SQL Server databases using IronstorCBM.
i.
Open IronstorCBM
Right click IronstorCBM icon available in the system tray and choose [Open]
ii.
Create a backup set
a.
To start setting up backup sets, click the
button to open the [Backup Setting] dialog.
b.
On the left panel, press the
c.
On the dialog, choose [MS SQL Server Backup] as the [Type].
button to create a new backup set.
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d.
Enter a name for your backup set
e.
Enter the Microsoft SQL Server administrator username and password
f.
Select the database(s) you want to backup
g.
Set the backup schedule for full database backup and transaction log backup
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(Note: You can have more than one schedule in a backup set, i.e. you can perform intra-day transaction
log backup by adding more than one daily transaction log backup schedule to your backup set)
h.
Set the encryption algorithm, encryption mode and encrypting key for this backup set
(Hint: For maximum security, please select AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) Algorithm, CBC (Cipher
Block Chaining) mode and use an encrypting key with more than 8 characters.)
iii.
9.4
Run Backup
a.
Press the [Backup] button on the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
b.
Select the backup type (e.g. Complete, Differential, Transaction Log) you would like to perform. Select the
backup set you want to run and select [Offsite Backup Server] to start backing up your files to Ironstor
Backup Server. If applicable, you can change the In-File Delta Type also.
c.
Click [OK] to start backing up your files to Ironstor Backup Server.
How to restore Microsoft SQL Server database(s)
Please follow the instructions below to restore your Microsoft SQL Server databases from Ironstor Backup Server.
i.
Download the backup files (.bak) from Ironstor Backup Server
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Please refer to the [Quick Start - Backup File] section for information on how to download backup files from
Ironstor Backup Server.
ii.
Open Microsoft SQL Enterprise Manager
You can open Microsoft SQL Enterprise Manager from [Start Menu] -> [Program] -> [Microsoft SQL Server] ->
[Enterprise Manager]
iii.
(Optional) Restore “master” database
You need to restore “master” database if you:
a.
are rebuilding all your databases from scratch
b.
have changing any server-wide or database configuration options
c.
have added logins or other login security-related operations.
d.
have created or removed logical backup devices.
e.
have configured the server for distributed queries and remote procedure calls, such as adding linked
servers or remote logins.
You do not need to restore your master database if you just want to restore a user database. For more information
on Microsoft SQL Server “master” database, please visit http://www.microsoft.com/sql/.
To restore “master” database, please do the following:
a.
Start Microsoft SQL Server in “Single User Mode”
1.
Right click your Microsoft SQL Server and select [Properties].
2.
Press the [Startup Parameters] button.
3.
Add a “-m” parameter to the [Startup Parameters].
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4.
Restart Microsoft SQL Server.
From [Enterprise Manager], right click your Microsoft SQL Server and select [Stop] and then [Start].
b.
Restore “master” database
1.
From [Enterprise Manager] -> [Tools] -> [Restore Database].
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2.
Select [master] in the [Restore as database] drop down list.
3.
Select the [From device] radio button.
4.
Press the [Select Devices] button.
5.
From the [Choose Restore Devices], press the [Add] button.
6.
From the [Choose Restore Destination] panel, press the […] button to choose your master backup
(*.bak) from your backup files.
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7.
c.
iv.
Press the [OK] button, to start restoring the “master” database.
Restart Microsoft SQL Server in “Normal Mode”
1.
Remove “-m” parameter from the [Startup Parameters] as in previous step.
2.
Restart your Microsoft SQL Server as in previous step.
(Optional) Restore “model”, “msdb” and “distribution” database
You need to restore “model” database if you have changed the database template of your SQL Server.
You need to restore “msdb” database if you have changed the scheduling information or you want to restore the
backup and restore history of your databases.
You need to restore “distribution” database if you are running the replication components of SQL Server.
You do not need to restore these databases if you just want to restore a user database. For more information on
Microsoft SQL Server “model”, “msdb” and “distribution” database, please visit http://www.microsoft.com/sql/.
You need to restore each of these databases one by one. To restore any of these databases, please do the
following:
v.
a.
From [Enterprise Manager] -> [Tools] -> [Restore Database].
b.
Select the database to be restored in the [Restore as database] drop down list.
c.
Select the [From device] radio button.
d.
Press the [Select Devices] button.
e.
Press the […] button to choose your backup files (*.bak) for the database to be restored.
f.
Press the [OK] button.
Restore user database(s)
For each of the database you would like to restore,
a.
From [Enterprise Manager] -> [Tools] -> [Restore Database].
b.
Select the database to be restored in the [Restore as database] drop down list.
c.
Select the [Database] radio button.
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d.
From the [Show backups of database] drop down list, select the database to be restored
e.
From the [First backup to restore] drop down list, select the snapshot of the database you would like to
restore to.
You can restore your database to the snapshot of your database at any point of the time between the time
you did your full backup and the time you did your last subsequent backup.
f.
Change the [Restore From] entry
If you backup files (*.bak) are not in the default directory, you need to update the full path to your backup
files by pressing the [Properties] button.
g.
vi.
Press the [OK] button
All database(s) restored successfully
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10 Backup/Restore Microsoft Exchange Server
This chapter will describe in details how to use IronstorCBM to backup your Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 / 2007 and
how you can restore your Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 / 2007 from the backup files.
10.1 Requirements
i.
Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 with Services Pack 3 and post-SP3 update rollup installed. Please refer to
http://www.microsoft.com/exchange/ for more information.
Or
Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 or Microsoft Exchange Server 2007.
ii.
IronstorCBM must be installed onto the computer running Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 / 2007.
iii.
Data from Microsoft Exchange Server will be backed up to a temporary directory before they are sent to Ironstor
Backup Server. Please make sure you have sufficient space on your computer to store these data when you run
the backup job.
10.2 Overview
A Microsoft Exchange Server 2000/2003/2007 stores its data in Windows Active Directory as well as in its databases. To fully
backup a Microsoft Exchange Server 2000/2003/2007, you need to backup the following components:
i.
Windows System State
The Windows System State contains the information about your Windows system, including Windows Active
Directory. A Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 / 2007 stores some of its configuration, e.g. email accounts
and mailbox properties, inside Windows Active Directory. It is important that Windows Active Directory is back up
properly when backing up a Microsoft Exchange Server.
Active Directory is stored inside a Windows Server running as Windows domain controller. If your Exchange
Server is a domain controller, you can simply backup the Windows System State of your Exchange Server. If
your Exchange Server is running as a member server, you will need to install another copy of IronstorCBM onto
the domain controller to backup the Windows System State of inside the domain controller.
For more information on Active Directory, please refer to
http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/technologies/directory/ad/default.asp
ii.
Microsoft Information Store
Exchange Server stores all emails and documents inside its databases, which are grouped together as storage
groups inside Microsoft Information Store. It is important that Microsoft Information Store is fully backed up when
backing your Exchange Server.
iii.
Microsoft Site Replication Service
Microsoft Site Replication Service is installed automatically when exchange server site replication feature is
enabled. Microsoft Site Replication stores its runtime and configuration information inside its own database. If
you are running your Exchange Server with Site Replication Service enabled, please make sure that you backup
the site replication database as well.
iv.
Microsoft Key Management Service (Exchange 2000 only)
Similarly, if you have setup your Exchange Server with Key Management Services enabled, please make sure
that you backup the key management database as well.
IronstorCBM will backup your Microsoft Exchange Server by taking the following steps:
v.
Run all Pre-Commands of this backup set
vi.
If the backup type to run is [Database Backup type],
vii.
a.
Windows System State will be backed up to a temporary directory specified in its backup set
b.
All exchange database(s) selected are backed up to a temporary directory specified in its backup set
If the backup type to run is [Transaction Log Backup type],
a.
New transaction log extents generated since last backup will be copied to the temporary directory
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viii.
Remove transaction log extents backed up from the Exchange Server
ix.
Run all Post-Commands of this backup set
x.
Upload all backup files from the temporary directory to Ironstor Backup Server
xi.
Remove temporary files from the temporary directory
10.3 How to backup Microsoft Exchange Server
Please follow the instructions below to backup your Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 / 2007 using IronstorCBM:
i.
Open IronstorCBM
Right click IronstorCBM icon available in the system tray and choose [Open]
ii.
Create a backup set
a.
To start setting up backup sets, click the
button to open the [Backup Setting] dialog.
b.
On the left panel, press the
c.
On the dialog, choose [MS Exchange Server Backup] as the [Type].
d.
Enter a name for your backup set.
e.
Select the database(s) to be backed up.
button to create a new backup set.
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If this Exchange Server is also a domain controller of this Active Directory, select the [System State]
checkbox as well. Otherwise, please install IronstorCBM to the domain controller of this Active Directory
and select the [System State] checkbox on that computer
f.
Enter a temporary directory for storing the backup files before they are sent to Ironstor Backup Server.
g.
Set the backup schedule for Database Backup.
h.
Set the backup schedule for Transaction Log Backup.
(Note: You can have more than one schedule in a backup set, i.e. you can perform intra-day transaction
log backup by adding more than one daily transaction log backup schedule to your backup set)
i.
Set the encryption algorithm, encryption mode and encrypting key for this backup set.
(Hint: For maximum security, please select AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) Algorithm, CBC (Cipher
Block Chaining) mode and use an encrypting key with more than 8 characters.)
iii.
Run Backup
a.
Press the [Backup] button on the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
b.
Select the backup type (e.g. Database, Log Files) you would like to perform. Select the backup set you
want to run and select [Offsite Backup Server] to start backing up your files to Ironstor Backup Server. If
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applicable, you can change the In-File Delta Type also.
c.
Click [OK] to start backing up your files to Ironstor Backup Server.
d.
You should get something similar to the screen shot below.
10.4 How to restore Microsoft Exchange Server
Please follow the instructions below to restore Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 / 2007 from Ironstor Backup Server.
i.
Prepare the system for your Exchange Server (if required)
Install the original version of Windows and Exchange Server (with the same level of service pack installed as in
the original system) back to your computer
ii.
Restore Windows Active Directory (if required)
If you have re-installed Windows, please download the Windows System State backup file, named
[SystemState.bkf], from Ironstor Backup Server and then use [NTBackup.exe] to restore your Windows System
State to its backup time from the backup file by following the instructions below:
a.
Run [NTBackup.exe] from [Start] -> [Run]
b.
Press the [Restore Wizard] button and then press the [Next] button
c.
Press the [Import] button and use the [Browse] button to select the backup file [SystemState.bkf]
downloaded
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iii.
d.
Select the checkbox next to the description that matches your backup file
e.
Press the [Next] button and then the [Finish] button
Install IronstorCBM (if required)
Please refer to the [Installation] section for information on how to install IronstorCBM onto your computer.
iv.
Startup the [Microsoft Information Store] services from Windows Services
v.
Restore exchange database(s) from backup:
a.
Download the database backup files to be restored from the Ironstor Backup Server (or find the cached
copy available in the temporary directory defined in your backup set) and save them to your hard disk
(please make sure the directory structure is the same as it appears on the browser), namely:
->[C:]
-->[backup]
---->[ABC]
------>[Microsoft Information Store]
-------->[First Storage Group]
---------->[Mailbox Store(ABC)]
--------------->Priv1.edb
--------------->Priv1.stm
---------->[Public Folder Store(ABC)]
--------------->Pub1.edb
--------------->Pub1.stm
---------->E0000001.log
b.
If the database to be restored exists on your computer already, please dismount it from the services using
[Start] -> [Program] -> [Microsoft Exchange] -> [System Manager]
c.
Use [ExchangeRestore.exe] (use [ExRestoreX64.exe] for MS Exchange 2007) from the [bin] directory
under the installation directory of IronstorCBM (e.g. C:\Program
Files\IronstorCBM\bin\ExchangeRestore.exe) to restore the exchange database(s).
Simply run [ExchangeRestore.exe] to print the usage
ExchangeRestore.exe Usage:
C:\Program Files\IronstorCBM\bin> ExchangeRestore.exe
Microsoft Exchange Server 2000/2003 Backup Recovery Utility
Usage:
ExchangeRestore DIR=path SERVER=server TEMP=tempDir [SERVICE=service [STORAGE=st
orage [DATABASE=database]]]
DIR
SERVER
TEMP
Directory containing all backup files
Name of Exchange Server to be restored
Temporary directory to be used during restore
Please specific a path with plenty of free space
SERVICE Name of Exchange Service to be restored. It must be either
"Microsoft Information Store", "Microsoft Key Management Service"
or "Microsoft Site Replication Service"
STORAGE Name of storage group to be restored
DATABASE Name of database to be restored
Examples:
1. To restore an exchange server:
ExchangeRestore DIR="C:\Backup" SERVER="ExchangeServer" TEMP="C:\Temp"
2. To restore the information store:
ExchangeRestore DIR="C:\Backup" SERVER="ExchangeServer" TEMP="C:\Temp"
SERVICE="Microsoft Information Store"
3. To restore an exchange storage group:
ExchangeRestore DIR="C:\Backup" SERVER="ExchangeServer" TEMP="C:\Temp"
SERVICE="Microsoft Information Store" STORAGE="StorageGroup1"
4. To restore an exchange database:
ExchangeRestore DIR="C:\Backup" SERVER="ExchangeServer" TEMP="C:\Temp"
SERVICE="Microsoft Information Store" STORAGE="StorageGroup1"
DATABASE="Database1"
where
"C:\Backup"
is the directory containing all backup files
"ExchangeServer"
is the server name of an exchange server
"C:\Temp"
is the temporary directory to be used
"StorageGroup1"
is the name of a storage group
"Database1"
is the name of a database
d.
(Example 1) To restore all databases from backup available in [F:\Backup] to an exchange server named
[WIN2000SVR] using the temporary directory [F:\Temp], you can use this command:
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E:\Program Files\IronstorCBM\bin> ExchangeRestore DIR="F:\Backup" TEMP="F:\Temp"
SERVER="WIN2000SVR"
Exchange Server Recovery Example:
E:\Program Files\IronstorCBM\bin> ExchangeRestore DIR="F:\Backup" TEMP="F:\Temp"
SERVER="WIN2000SVR"
Microsoft Exchange Server 2000/2003 Backup Recovery Utility
[Start] Exchange Server - 'WIN2000SVR'
[Start] Service - 'Microsoft Information Store'
[Start] Storage Group - 'First Storage Group'
[Start] Database - 'Mailbox Store (WIN2000SVR)'
Restoring file 'E:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\mdbdata\priv1.edb' ...
Restoring file 'E:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\mdbdata\priv1.stm' ...
[End] Database - 'Mailbox Store (WIN2000SVR)'
[Start] Database - 'Public Folder Store (WIN2000SVR)'
Restoring file 'E:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\mdbdata\pub1.edb' ...
Restoring file 'E:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\mdbdata\pub1.stm' ...
[End] Database - 'Public Folder Store (WIN2000SVR)'
[Start] Restoring transaction log - 'First Storage Group'
Restoring Log File 'F:\Temp\restore.tmp\First Storage Group\E00000B3.log' ...
Restoring Log File 'F:\Temp\restore.tmp\First Storage Group\E00000B4.log' ...
[End] Restoring transaction log - 'First Storage Group'
[Start] Applying transaction log ...
[End] Applying transaction log
[End] Storage Group - 'First Storage Group'
……………
[Start] Storage Group - 'SG2'
[Start] Database - 'acct'
Restoring file 'E:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\SG2\acct.edb' ...
Restoring file 'E:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\SG2\acct.stm' ...
[End] Database - 'acct'
[Start] Restoring transaction log - 'SG2'
Restoring Log File 'F:\Temp\restore.tmp\SG2\E0100072.log' ...
Restoring Log File 'F:\Temp\restore.tmp\SG2\E0100073.log' ...
[End] Restoring transaction log - 'SG2'
[Start] Applying transaction log ...
[End] Applying transaction log
[End] Storage Group - 'SG2'
[End] Exchange Server - 'WIN2000SVR'
E:\Program Files\IronstorCBM\bin>
e.
(Example 2) To restore the database named [mail] in storage group [SG5] from backup available in
[F:\Backup] to an exchange server named [WIN2000SVR] using the temporary directory [F:\Temp], you
can use this command:
E:\Program Files\IronstorCBM\bin> ExchangeRestore DIR="F:\Backup" TEMP="F:\Temp"
SERVER="WIN2000SVR" SERVICE="Microsoft Information Store" STORAGE="SG5"
DATABASE="mail1"
Exchange Server Recovery Example:
E:\Program Files\IronstorCBM\bin> ExchangeRestore DIR="F:\Backup" TEMP="F:\Temp"
SERVER="WIN2000SVR" SERVICE="Microsoft Information Store" STORAGE="SG5" DATABASE="mail"
Microsoft Exchange Server 2000/2003 Backup Recovery Utility
[Start] Storage Group - 'SG5'
[Start] Database - 'mail'
Restoring file 'E:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\SG5\mail.edb' ...
Restoring file 'E:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\SG5\mail.stm' ...
[End] Database - 'mail'
[Start] Restoring transaction log - 'SG5'
Restoring Log File 'F:\Temp\restore.tmp\SG5\E0300012.log' ...
Restoring Log File 'F:\Temp\restore.tmp\SG5\E0300013.log' ...
[End] Restoring transaction log - 'SG5'
[Start] Applying transaction log ...
[End] Applying transaction log
[End] Storage Group - 'SG5'
E:\Program Files\IronstorCBM\bin>
vi.
f.
Repeat the same procedure for each database to be restored to the Exchange Server.
g.
You can use [Start] -> [Program] -> [Administrative Tools] -> [Event Viewer] to check if there are any errors
generated from the exchange databases restoring activities.
However, if ExchangeRestore.exe still cannot mount the restored files and returns with strange errors, e.g. bad
signature, or null errors, the Exchange server might have incorrectly spooled the backup files in the first place.
Please try to mount the restored database and log files manually by the following instructions:
a.
In MS Exchange System Manager, dismount both the Mailbox Store and Public Folder Store from the
server.
b.
Copy all the restored database files to the MDBDATA folder (By default, the MDBDATA folder is located
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under C:\Program Files\Excgsrvr\)
Mailbox Store:
priv1.edb
priv1.stm
Public Folder Store:
pub1.edb
pub1.stm
c.
Run "eseutil /r" to apply the transaction log files to bring the database to a consistent state, e.g.:
C:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\MDBDATA> ..\bin\eseutil /r e00
The above command will try to bring all the databases handled by the transaction log files starting with
“e00” located in “C:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\MDBDATA” into clean shutdown state.
d.
Run "eseutil /p" to repair the database files, e.g.:
C:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\MDBDATA> ..\bin\eseutil /p priv1.edb
C:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\MDBDATA> ..\bin\eseutil /p pub1.edb
e.
vii.
Mount both Mailbox Store and Public Folder Store to the Server through the MS Exchange System
Manager.
Completed
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11 Backup/Restore Windows System State
This chapter will describe in details how to use IronstorCBM to backup Windows System State and how you can restore your
Windows System State from backup.
11.1 Requirements
i.
Microsoft Windows XP Professional / 2003 / Vista
ii.
IronstorCBM must be installed onto the computer containing the system state you want to backup
iii.
Windows system state will be backed up to a temporary file before it is sent to Ironstor Backup Server. Please
make sure you have sufficient space on your computer to store the temporary file when you run the backup job.
11.2 Overview
IronstorCBM will backup your System State by taking the following steps:
i.
Run all Pre-Commands of this backup set
ii.
Windows System State will be backed up to a temporary directory specified in its backup set
iii.
Run all Post-Commands of this backup set
iv.
Upload the Windows System State backup files from the temporary directory to Ironstor Backup Server
v.
Remove the Windows System State temporary backup files from the temporary directory if [Setting] ->
[Temporary Directory for storing backup files] is enabled
11.3 How to backup Windows System State
Please follow the instructions below to backup Windows System State using IronstorCBM:
i.
Open IronstorCBM
Right click IronstorCBM icon available in the system tray and choose [Open]
ii.
Create a backup set
a.
To start setting up backup sets, click the
button to open the [Backup Setting] dialog.
b.
On the left panel, press the
c.
On the dialog, choose [System State Backup] as the [Type].
button to create a new backup set.
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d.
Enter a name for your backup set
e.
Set the backup schedule for this backup set
f.
Set the encryption algorithm, encryption mode and encrypting key for this backup set
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(Hint: For maximum security, please select AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) Algorithm, CBC (Cipher
Block Chaining) mode and use an encrypting key with more than 8 characters.)
iii.
Run Backup
a.
Press the [Backup] button on the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
b.
Select the backup set you want to run and select [Offsite Backup Server] to start backing up your files to
Ironstor Backup Server. If applicable, you can change the In-File Delta Type also.
c.
You should get something similar to the screen shot below.
11.4 How to restore Windows System State
Please follow the instructions below to restore Windows System State from Ironstor Backup Server.
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i.
Install IronstorCBM (if required)
Please refer to the [Installation] section for information on how to install IronstorCBM onto your computer.
ii.
Restore the Windows System State Backup File (i.e. SystemState.bkf) from the backup server
iii.
Use [NTBackup.exe] to restore your Windows System State to its backup time from the backup file by following
the instructions below:
iv.
a.
Run [NTBackup.exe] from [Start] -> [Run]
b.
Press the [Restore Wizard] button and then press the [Next] button
c.
Press the [Import] button and use the [Browse] button to select the backup file [SystemState.bkf]
downloaded
d.
Select the checkbox next to the description that matches your backup file
e.
Press the [Next] button and then the [Finish] button
Completed
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12 Backup/Restore Individual Brick Level Backup for Microsoft
Exchange Server
12.1 Requirements
i.
Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 with Services Pack 3 and post-SP3 update rollup installed. Please refer to
http://www.microsoft.com/exchange/ for more information.
Or
Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 or Microsoft Exchange Server 2007.
ii.
IronstorCBM must be installed onto the computer running Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 / 2007.
12.2 Overview
Brick Level Backup for Microsoft Exchange Server is not designed to fully protect an Exchange server, but to facilitate easy backup
and fast restore of individual emails, contacts, calendars, tasks etc. The brick level restore cannot fully recover the Information
Store after a disaster. If used, a brick level backup must be utilized in conjunction with full Information Store Backup, in order to
fully protect the exchange server.
12.3 Granting Privileges
Brick Level Backup requires “Full Mailbox Access” permission for the user running IronstorCBM. Normally, IronstorCBM can
acquire the permission on it’s own but if you encounter ‘Access Denied’ errors you need to manually grant access privileges to the
user running IronstorCBM using one of the following instructions below:
For one specific mailbox
Use the following procedure to grant access to an Exchange 2000 / 2003 / 2007 mailbox:
1
Start Active Directory Users and Computers.
2
On the View menu, ensure that the Advanced Features check box is selected.
3
Right-click the user whose mailbox you want to give permissions to and choose Properties.
4
On the Exchange Advanced tab, click Mailbox Rights.
5
Notice that the Domain Admins and Enterprise Admins have both been given Deny access to Full Mailbox access.
6
Click Add, click the user or group who you want to have access to this mailbox, and then click OK.
7
Be sure that the user or group is selected in the Name box.
8
In the Permissions list, click Allow next to Full Mailbox Access, and then click OK.
9
Click Ok all the way out.
10
Restart the Microsoft Exchange Information Store.
For mailboxes located within a specific mailbox store
Use the following procedure to grant access to an Exchange 2000 / 2003 / 2007 mailbox found on a specific mailbox store:
1
Start Exchange System Manager.
2
Drill down to your server object within the appropriate Administrative Group. Expand the server object and find the
required mailbox store within the appropriate Storage Group. Right-click it and choose Properties.
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3
In the Properties window go to the Security tab.
4
Click Add, click the user or group who you want to have access to the mailboxes, and then click OK.
5
Be sure that the user or group is selected in the Name box.
6
In the Permissions list, click Allow next to Full Control, and then click OK.
7
Click 'Apply' and 'OK'
8
Restart the Microsoft Exchange Information Store.
For mailboxes located within a specific server
1
Start Exchange System Manager.
2
Drill down to your server object within the appropriate Administrative Group. Right-click it and choose Properties.
3
In the Properties window go to the Security tab.
4
Click Add, click the user or group who you want to have access to the mailboxes, and then click OK.
5
Be sure that the user or group is selected in the Name box.
6
In the Permissions list, click Allow next to Full Control, and then click OK.
7
Click Ok all the way out.
8
Restart the Microsoft Exchange Information Store.
12.4 How to backup Individual Brick Level Backup
Please follow the instructions below to backup all individual items within your Microsoft Exchange Server 2000 / 2003 / 2007 using
IronstorCBM:
i.
Open IronstorCBM
Right click IronstorCBM icon available in the system tray and choose [Open]
ii.
Create a backup set
a.
To start setting up backup sets, click the
button to open the [Backup Setting] dialog.
b.
On the left panel, press the
c.
On the dialog, choose [MS Exchange Mail Level Backup] as the [Type].
button to create a new backup set.
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d.
Enter a name for your backup set.
e.
Select the email account(s) to backup.
You can drill down to select individual items.
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f.
Set the backup schedule
g.
Set the encryption algorithm, encryption mode and encrypting key for this backup set
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(Hint: For maximum security, please select AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) Algorithm, CBC (Cipher
Block Chaining) mode and use an encrypting key with more than 8 characters.)
iii.
Run Backup
a.
Press the [Backup] button on the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
b.
Select the backup set you want to run and select [Offsite Backup Server] to start backing up your files to
Ironstor Backup Server. If applicable, you can change the In-File Delta Type also.
c.
Click [OK] to start backing up your files to Ironstor Backup Server.
d.
You should get something similar to the screen shot below.
12.5 How to restore Individual Brick Level Backup
Please follow the instructions below to restore individual emails, contacts, calendars, tasks etc. from Ironstor Backup Server back
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into your exchange server. Please note that individual brick level can only be restored using the IronstorCBM client.
i.
Open IronstorCBM
Right click IronstorCBM icon available in the system tray and choose [Open]
ii.
Open IronstorCBM from the System Tray (see previous sections for details).
iii.
Select the [Restore] button on the left of the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
iv.
Select the backup set from which you would like files to be restored from the list.
v.
Select the items you want to restore
vi.
Press the [Start Restore] button to restore
vii.
Restore complete. Please logon to exchange to get the restored items.
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13 Backup/Restore System with Microsoft Windows System
Backup
This chapter will describe in details how to use IronstorCBM to backup your Microsoft Windows Server system and how you can
restore them from backup files. This feature only works on Microsoft Windows Vista Business/Enterprise/Ultimate Edition and
Windows Server 2008.
13.1 Requirements
i.
The computer is using either Microsoft Windows Vista Business/Enterprise/Ultimate Edition or Windows Server
2008.
ii.
IronstorCBM must be installed onto the computer.
iii.
You must install the Windows Server Backup, Command-line Tools, and Windows PowerShell items that are
available in the Add Features Wizard in Server Manager. This installs the following tools:
iv.
-
Windows Server Backup Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in
-
Wbadmin command-line tool
-
Windows Server Backup cmdlets (Windows PowerShell commands)
System images generated by Windows Server Backup will be backed up to a temporary directory before they are
sent to Ironstor Backup Server. Please make sure you have sufficient space on your computer to store these
data when you run the backup job.
13.2 Overview
IronstorCBM will backup your system by taking the following steps:
i.
Before running any backup activities, IronstorCBM will run all Pre-Commands of the backup set.
ii.
IronstorCBM will issue a system backup command to backup the volume(s) selected in backup source to a set of
files and save it in the [WindowsImageBackup] directory under the temporary directory specified in the backup
set settings.
iii.
After all files have been spooled to the [WindowsImageBackup] directories, IronstorCBM will run all PostCommands of the backup set.
iv.
Upload all file copied to the temporary directory to Ironstor Backup Server.
13.3 How to backup system with Microsoft Windows System Backup
Please follow the instructions below to backup your Microsoft Windows Server 2008 or Windows Vista Business
/Enterprise/Ultimate Edition using IronstorCBM.
i.
Open IronstorCBM
Right click IronstorCBM icon available in the system tray and choose [Open].
ii.
Create a backup set
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a.
To start setting up backup sets, click the
button to open the [Backup Setting] dialog.
b.
On the left panel, press the
c.
On the dialog, choose [MS Windows System Backup] as the [Type].
d.
Enter a name for your backup set.
e.
Select the volume(s) you want to backup.
button to create a new backup set.
Note: For Windows Vista, C: will be selected as default and cannot be deselected.
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iii.
f.
Set the backup schedule.
g.
Set the encryption algorithm, encryption mode and encrypting key for this backup set.
Run Backup
a.
Press the [Backup] button on the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
b.
Select the backup set you want to run and select [Offsite Backup Server] to start backing up your files to
Ironstor Backup Server. If applicable, you can change the In-File Delta Type also.
c.
Click [OK] to start backing up your files to Ironstor Backup Server.
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13.4 How to restore system with Microsoft Windows System Backup
Please follow the instructions below to restore your
Business/Enterprise/Ultimate Edition from Ironstor Backup Server.
i.
Microsoft
Windows
Server
2008
or
Windows
Vista
Download the backup file (Microsoft_Windows_System_Backup) from Ironstor Backup Server
Please refer to the [Quick Start – Backup file] section for information on how to download backup files from
Ironstor Backup Server.
ii.
For Windows Server 2008, please follow the instructions below to recover volumes with Recovery Wizard:
a.
From the [Start] menu, click [Administrative Tools], and then click [Windows Server Backup].
b.
In the [Actions] panel of the snap-in default page, under [Windows Server Backup], click [Recover]. This
opens the Recovery Wizard.
c.
On the [Getting started] page, specify whether you will recover volumes from backups stored on this
computer or another computer, and then click [Next].
d.
If you are recovering volumes from backups stored on another computer, do the following, and then click
[Next]:
-
On the [Specify location type] page, specify the location that you want to restore from a local drive.
-
On the [Select backup location] page, select the location of the backup from the drop-down list.
e.
Click [Next] to continue.
f.
For a recovery either from the local computer or another computer, on the [Select backup date] page,
select the date from the calendar and the time from the drop-down list of backup you want to restore from.
g.
On the [Select recovery type] page, click [Volumes], and then click [Next].
h.
On the [Select volumes] page, select the check boxes associated with the volumes in the [Source Volume]
column that you want to recover. Then, from the associated drop-down list in the [Destination Volume]
column, select the location that you wean to recover the volume to. Click [Next].
Note: You will receive a message that any data on the destination volume will be lost when you perform
the recovery. Make sure that the destination volume is empty or does not contain information that you will
need later.
i.
On the [Confirmation] page, review the details, and then click [Recover] to restore the specified volumes.
j.
On the [Recovery progress] page, you can view the status of the recovery operation and whether or not it
was successfully completed.
Note: To recover volumes from a backup using Windows Server Backup, you must be a member of the
Backup Operators or Administrators group, or you must have been delegated the appropriate authority. As
a security best practice, consider using [Run as] to perform this procedure.
iii.
For Windows Server 2008, please follow the instructions below to recover the operating system or a full server
with Install Windows Wizard:
a.
Insert the Windows Setup disc into the CD or DVD drive and turn on the computer. If needed, press the
required key to boot from the disc. The Install Windows Wizard should appear.
b.
Specify language settings, and then click [Next].
c.
Click [Repair your computer].
d.
Setup searched the hard disk drives for an existing Windows installation and then displays the results in
[System Recovery Options]. If you are recovering the operating system onto separate hardware, the list
should be empty (there should be no operating system on the computer). Click [Next].
e.
On the [System Recovery Options] page, click [Windows Complete PC Restore]. This opens the Windows
Complete PC Restore Wizard.
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f.
g.
h.
Perform one of the following actions:
-
Click [Use the latest available backup (recommended)] and then click [Next].
-
Click [Restore a different backup] and then click [Next].
If you chose to restore a different backup, please perform one of the following actions on the [Select the
location of the backup] page:
-
Click the computer that contains the backup that you want to use, and then click [Next]. Then, on the
[Select the backup to restore] page, click the backup that you want to use, and then click [Next].
-
Click [Advanced] to browse for a backup on the network, and then click [Next].
On the [Choose how to restore the backup] page, do the following optional tasks, and then click [Next]:
-
Select the [Format and repartition disks] check box to delete existing partitions and reformat the
destination disks to be the same as the backup. This enables the [Exclude disks] button. Click this
button and then select the check boxes associated with any disks that you want to exclude from being
formatted and partitioned. The disk that contains the backup that you are using is automatically
excluded.
Note: Unless a disk is excluded, data on it can be lost – regardless of whether it was part of the
backup or whether it has volumes that are being restored. In [Exclude disks], if you do not see all the
disks that are attached to the computer, you might need to install the associated drivers for the
storage device.
i.
iv.
-
Select the [Only restore system disks] check box to perform an operating system –only recovery.
-
Click [Install drivers] to install device drivers for the hardware that you are recovering to,
-
Click [Advanced] to specify whether the computer is restarted and the disks are checked for errors
immediate after the recovery.
Confirm the details for the restoration, and then click [Finish].
For Windows Server 2008, you can also recover volumes with the following sub command:
Wbadmin start recovery –version: <VersionIdentifier> -itemtypeVolume –items:<VolumesToRecover> backupTarget: <VolumeHostingBackup> -recoveryTarget:<TargetVolumeForRecovery>
-
Version Identifier: Specifies the version identifier of the backup to recover in MM/DD/YYYY-HH:MM
format. If you do not know the version identifier, type [wbadmin get versions].
-
VolumesToRecover: Specifies a comma-delimited list of volumes.
-
VolumesHostingBackup: Specifies the storage location that contains the backup that you want to
recover
-
TargetVolumeForReocvery: Specify the volume drive letter of the alternate volume to restore to.
For example,
Wbadmin start recovery –versionL03/31/2009-09:00 –itemType:Volume –items:D: -backupTarget:E: recoveryTarget:F:
v.
For Windows Vista, please perform a Complete PC Restore within the Windows Recovery Environment:
a.
Insert Windows Vista DVD into the DVD drive and turn on the computer. You will see that a bootable DVD
is inserted.
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b.
Press any key to boot the computer from the Windows Vista DVD. You should now see a black screen with
a white status bar at the bottom stating [Windows is loading files…]. After a while, the status bar will turn
completely white and you will see a screen stating that Windows is loading.
Note: It is possible that the DVD came with your computer does not allow you to boot off from it. If this is
the case, then your computer manufacturer most likely installed the Windows Recovery Environment
directly to a small partition on your hard drive. To access this partition, you would slowly tap the [F8] key on
your keyboard after the BIOS information clears from your screen until you see the Windows startup menu.
From this menu use your arrow keys to select the option for the Windows Recovery Environment and
press the enter key on your keyboard.
c.
Configure the [Language to install], [Time and currency format], and [Keyboard or input method] options.
Then, press the [Next] button.
d.
Click [Repair your computer].
e.
The [System Recovery Options] dialog box will be shown. Select the Vista installation you would like to
repair.
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Note: If there are drivers you need to load in order for Vista to access any of your drives or other
components, then you should click on the [Load Drivers] button to load them. When ready, press the [Next]
button to continue. If the repair process does not detect any problems starting Vista, it will display a list of
available recovery tools. If it does detect a problem it will attempt to perform a Startup Repair to
automatically fix these problems. Click on the [Cancel] button and select the [View advanced options for
system recovery and support] option to see the list of recovery tools.
f.
Click on the [Windows Complete PC Restore] option.
g.
Complete PC Restore will search your hard drives and DVD media for any saved backup image. If none
are found, then a message will appear stating that no backups could be found. On the other hand, if a
backup was found in one of your drives or the inserted media, you will see a screen with the latest backup
selected.
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h.
If the selected backup is the one you wish to restore, press the [Next] button to continue. If there is a
different backup that you would like to use, select the [Restore a different backup] option and press the
[Next] button. This will bring up a screen displaying the list of backups you have created in the past.
i.
Select the backup that you would like to restore. Then click on the [Next] button. Complete PC Restore will
now examine your selected backup and see if there is more than one time you backed up your computer to
this location. If you have backed up multiple times it will display an entry for each of them.
j.
It is advised that you select the most recent snapshot and then press the [Next] button to move on to the
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next screen.
Note: if you select the [Format and repartition disks] options, Complete PC Restore will repartition and
format the hard drive you are restoring to exactly as it was when you made the backup. If you do not
choose this method, it will just erase the hard disk and restore the data to it. If you are using the same hard
drive that you originally used to backup your computer then you may want to select the option to format
and repartition disks. On the other hand, if this is a new hard drive that you have partitioned in a different
manner, then you should not select this option in order to keep your current disk configuration. It is
important to note that with either option you select all the data on the disk you are restoring to will be
erased. When you are ready to continue, you should click on the [Finish] button.
A new window is opened stating that all of your data will be erased. If you want to continue with the restore
then you need to put a checkmark in the checkbox labeled [ I confirm that I want to erase all existing data
and restore the backup] and then press the [OK] button. Complete PC Restore will now restore the backup
on your computer.
k.
vi.
When the restore is completed, you will see a message stating that it is complete and it will reboot your
computer after a certain amount of time. When your computer reboots, you will now be using the data and
configuration from the backup you just restored.
All volume(s) restored successfully.
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14 Backup/Restore Windows System with ShadowProtect
This chapter will describe in details how to use IronstorCBM to backup your Microsoft Windows System by the use of
ShadowProtect and how you can restore them form the backup files. Please refer to the website of Storagecraft for the list of
operating system supported by Shadow Protect.
14.1 Requirements
i.
IronstorCBM must be installed onto the computer with ShadowProtect installed.
ii.
System images generated by ShadowProtect will be backed up to a temporary directory before they are sent to
Ironstor Backup Server. Please make sure you have sufficient space on your computer to store these data when
you run the back job.
14.2 Overview
IronstorCBM will backup your system by taking the following steps:
i.
Before running any backup activities, IronstorCBM will run all Pre-Commands of the backup set.
ii.
For each volume that is to be backed up, IronstorCBM will issue a system backup command to backup each
volume to a ShadowProtect backup image file (*.spf and *spi file) and save it in the temporary directory you
specified.
iii.
After all image files have been spooled to the temporary directories, IronstorCBM will run all Post-Commands of
the backup set.
iv.
Upload all files copied to the temporary directory to AhsyOBS.
14.3 How to backup system with ShadowProtect
Please follow the instructions below to backup your System with ShadowProtect using IronstorCBM.
i.
Open IronstorCBM
Right click IronstorCBM icon available in the system tray and choose [Open].
ii.
Create a backup set
a.
To start setting up backup sets, click the
b.
On the left panel, press the
button to open the [Backup Setting] dialog.
button to create a new backup set.
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c.
On the dialog, choose [ShadowProtect System Backup] as the [Type].
d.
Enter a name for your backup set.
e.
Enter the installation path of Shadow Protect.
f.
Select the volume(s) you want to backup.
g.
Set the backup schedule.
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h.
Set the encryption algorithm, encryption mode and encrypting key for this backup set.
Important: If you have multiple disk partitions, please ensure that the temporary directory of the backupset is set
to a disk volume which is different from the backup source. If you only have 1 disk partition, please delete the
previous shadow protect backup file in your temp directory before running a new backup. This will avoid a large
backup image file to be created.
iii.
Run Backup
a.
Press the [Backup] button on the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
b.
Select the backup type (e.g. Complete, Differential, Incremental) you would like to perform. Select the
backup set you want to run and select [Offsite Backup Server] to start backing up your files to Ironstor
Backup Server. If applicable, you can change the In-File Delta Type also.
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c.
Click [OK] to start backing up your files to Ironstor Backup Server.
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14.4 How to restore system with ShadowProtect
Please follow the instructions below to restore your system form Ironstor Backup Server.
i.
Download the backup files (.spf, .spi) from Ironstor Backup Server. Please refer to the [Quick Start – Backup file]
section for information on how to download backup files form Ironstor Backup Server.
ii.
There are two methods you can use to restore volumes. The first method is to boot to the StorageCraft Recovery
Environment and perform the restore. This option must be used when restoring the system volume where the
operating system resides. The second method is to restore a volume, other than the system volume, while
running inside of Windows using the Restore Volume Wizard. This method does not require the machine to be
rebooted.
To restore a volume, please do the following:
a.
Start ShadowProtect or boot to the StorageCraft Recovery Environment.
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b.
Start Restore Wizard by clicking the [Restore] button in the left panel of the main screen or clicking on the
Restore Wizard from the center panel of the main screen.
c.
Click [Next] to continue.
d.
This will bring up the Backup Image to Restore dialog screen. You will need to locate the image file you
wish to restore from a destination location. These destination locations can be a local directory or network
share.
-
If the image file you wish to restore is located in a previously defined destination location, then select
the destination and locate the backup image set form the list. The next dialog screen will let you select
the specific point-in-time associated with the backup image set.
If the image file you wish toe restore is not located in a previously defined destination location, you will
need to browse to the location of the image file you want to restore.
Note: To restore a backup image that is stored on a network share, you must have the proper credentials
to access the file.
Click [Next] to continue.
e.
This will bring up the Backup Image Dependencies dialog screen. Here you will be provided with all the
incremental backup image files associated with the full backup image file you selected. Select a backup
image file to view its properties in the right side of the dialog. Image file properties include:
-
Image File Properties – volume size, creation time, compression, password protection, comment.
Original Partition Information – style, number, type, bootable option, starting offset and length.
Disk Information – disk geometry, disk size and number of the first track sectors. You can also view the
disk layout graphically at the bottom of the screen. This represents what the disk looked like at the time
of backup.
Originating machine – the operating system version, the machine name, MAC address and the engine
version of ShadowProtect used to create the image file.
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By viewing the properties, particularly the information in the image file properties. You will able to best
select the backup image file you wish to restore. You can change your selection and review the new
selection’s image file properties by highlighting the image file in the left side of the dialog screen.
Click [Next] to continue.
f.
This will bring up the Restore Destination dialog screen. Select the location where you want to restore the
backup image. You may also right click on a volume and you will have the following options:
-
Delete Volume – This will delete a volume. The deleted volume will become unassigned space on the
disk that can be repartition.
Set Active –This will set the volume active. Only one partition may be designated as active. By setting a
volume active, the computer will boot to the volume.
Create an exact primary partition – Allows you to define and create a primary partition on the disk. You
cannot create more than four (4) primary partitions on the same disk.
Create extended partition – Allows you to extend a partition and then subdivide this partition in to one
or more logical partitions.
Note: Restoring a backup image to a volume overwrites all data currently on the volume.
Note: You must have enough space to restore the backup image. For example, you cannot restore a 4GB
backup file with only 1GB of free space.
Click [Next] to continue.
g.
This will bring up the “Specify the Restoration Options” dialog screen. All of these options are important
when restoring the system volume on a computer.
-
Set Partition Active - This will make the restored drive the active partition (the drive that the machine
boots from).
Restore MBR – Restore the master boot record. The master boot record is contained in the first sector
of the first physical hard drive. The MBR consists of a master boot program and a partition table that
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-
describes the disk partitions. The master boot program looks at the partition table to see which primary
partition is active. It then starts the boot program from the boot sector of the active partition. You can
restore the MBR from the image file that was saved with the backup image or you can restore an
original Windows MBR.
Restore disk signature – Restores the original physical disk signature of the hard drive. Disk. Disk
signatures are included in Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000 Advanced Server, and Windows NT
Server 4.0 Enterprise Edition (SP3 and later) and are necessary before the hard drive can be used.
Restore Disk Hidden Track – this will restore the first 63 sectors of a drive. Some boot loader
applications require this for the system to boot.
Click [Next] to continue.
iii.
h.
This will bring up the Wizard Summary. Review the Restore Wizard Summary and click [Finish] to start
restoring the volume.
i.
You can review the progress of restoring the volume by clicking on the [Volume Restore] tab associated
with the restore job.
All volume(s) restored successfully.
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15 Backup/Restore MySQL Server
This chapter will describe in details how to use IronstorCBM to backup your MySQL server and how you can restore your MySQL
server from the database backup files.
15.1 Requirements
i.
IronstorCBM must be installed onto the computer running MySQL server.
ii.
Data from MySQL server will be backed up to a temporary directory before they are sent to Ironstor Backup
Server. Please make sure you have sufficient space on your computer to store these data when you run the
backup job.
iii.
There must be a MySQL account can be used to connect from localhost.
Add two new MySQL accounts for IronstorCBM
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'localhost'
-> IDENTIFIED BY 'some_pass';
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'localhost.localdomain'
-> IDENTIFIED BY 'some_pass';
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
They are superuser accounts with full privileges.
15.2 Overview
IronstorCBM will backup your MySQL server by taking the following steps:
i.
Run all Pre-Commands of this backup set
ii.
All database(s) (either local or external) selected are backed up to a temporary directory specified in its backup
set
iii.
Run all Post-Commands of this backup set
iv.
Upload all backup files from the temporary directory to Ironstor Backup Server
v.
Remove temporary files from the temporary directory if [Setting] -> [Temporary Directory for storing backup files]
is enabled
15.3 How to backup MySQL server on Windows
Please follow the instructions below to backup your MySQL server using IronstorCBM:
i.
Open IronstorCBM
Right click IronstorCBM icon available in the system tray and choose [Open]
ii.
From the Menu, Choose [Backup Set] -> [New] -> [MySQL Backup Set]
Create a backup set
a.
To start setting up backup sets, click the
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b.
On the left panel, press the
button to create a new backup set.
c.
On the dialog, choose [MySQL Backup] as the [Type].
d.
Enter a name for your backup set
e.
Enter the root password, the MySQL server TCP/IP port number and the path to MySQL backup utility
(mysqldump)
f.
Select the database(s) to be backup
g.
Enter a temporary directory for storing the backup files before they are sent to Ironstor Backup Server, e.g.
C:\Backup\MySQL
h.
Set the backup schedule for Database Backup
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i.
Set the encryption algorithm, encryption mode and encrypting key for this backup set
(Hint: For maximum security, please select AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) Algorithm, CBC (Cipher
Block Chaining) mode and use an encrypting key with more than 8 characters.)
iii.
Run Backup
a.
Press the [Backup] button on the main page of IronstorCBM dialog.
b.
Select the backup set you want to run and select [Offsite Backup Server] to start backing up your files to
Ironstor Backup Server. If applicable, you can change the In-File Delta Type also.
c.
You should get something similar to the screen shot below.
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15.4 How to backup MySQL server on Linux (command line mode)
If you want to setup IronstorCBM to backup MySQL server running on Linux using command line mode, please do the followings:
i.
Create a backup account on Ironstor Backup Server
ii.
Logon to the web interface of Ironstor Backup
iii.
Create a new backup set by pressing the [Backup Set] -> [Add] button
iv.
Select the [Backup Set] -> [Type] -> [MySQL Database Server] radio button and press the [Update] button
(which can be found at the bottom of the page)
v.
Setup all [Backup Set] -> [Database Backup Setting]
Settings
Descriptions
MySQL Username (e.g. root) A MySQL user account that has backup access to the
databases to be backed up (e.g. root). Please refer to the
[Requirements] section for details
MySQL Password
Password of the MySQL user account being used
Host
IP address / Hostname of the MySQL Server, e.g. localhost
MySQL Connection TCP/IP
Port
TCP/IP port used to access the MySQL Server (default: 3306)
Path to MySQL backup utility Full path to where mysqldump can be found (e.g.
(mysqldump)
/usr/bin/mysqldump)
vi.
Temporary Spooling
Directory
A temporary directory to be used to store all MySQL database
dump files before they are uploaded to the backup server
Enable Delete Temp. File
Whether to delete the temporary MySQL database dump files
after they are uploaded to the backup server
Setup the [Backup Set] -> [Backup Source] setting
Ø
Add an “MySQL” entry to the [Backup Source] if you want to backup all databases under this MySQL
Server
Ø
Add two entries, “MySQL/database1” and “MySQL/database2”, to the [Backup Source] if you want to
backup both “database1” and “database2” under this MySQL Server
(Please use “\” instead of “/” if the MySQL server to be backed up is running on Windows instead of Linux)
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vii.
Setup the [Backup Set] -> [Backup Schedule] by pressing the [Add] link next the “Backup Schedule” sub-title
viii.
Install IronstorCBM onto the Linux server running MySQL server (Please refer to the [2.1 Installation of
IronstorCBM] section for details. The command line mode installation instructions are available on the web
interface)
ix.
Completed
If you have started up the IronstorCBM backup scheduler in the previous step, selected databases will be
backed up automatically at scheduled time
15.5 How to restore MySQL server
Please follow the instructions below to restore MySQL server from Ironstor Backup Server.
i.
Download the database backup files to be restored from Ironstor Backup Server
Please refer to the [5.3 Restoring file] section for information on how to download backup files from Ironstor
Backup Server.
ii.
Restore the database named [db_name] from the database backup file [db_name.sql]:
a. Connect to the MySQL server
(Windows) C:\> mysql
(Linux) [root@server ~]# mysql
b. Create the database to be restored
mysql> CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS db_name
c. Restore the database backup file back into the MySQL server
mysql> use db_name ;
mysql> source db_name.sql ;
If db_name.sql is not located in the current directory, please specify the full path to the db_name.sql
file in the command above.
iii.
Repeat the same procedure for each database to be restored to the MySQL Server.
iv.
Completed
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16 Email Reporting
Ironstor Backup Server makes use of the email system to keep you informed with the status of your backup activities. Please make
sure your contact information within the backup system is correct to receive the reports described in this chapter.
16.1 New User Report
When a new backup account is added to the backup server, a new user report will be delivered to the contact email(s) of the new
account. The New User Report contains the following information:
Sample Report
Key
Login Name
Password
Alias
Language
Contact
Backup Quota
Backup Server
Description
Login name
Password
Alias
Preferred Language for your backup report
Email Address that will be used to contact you
Backup quota
Backup server
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16.2 Forgot Password Report
If you have forgotten your password, you can use the [Forgot Password] feature available on the web interface to have your
password delivered to you through email. (Please refer to “Retrieve Forgotten Password” section in the next chapter for more
information on how to retrieve your forgot password report.) The Forgot Password Report contains the following information:
Sample Report
Key
Login Name
Password
Alias
Language
Contact
Description
Login name
Password
Alias
Preferred Language for your backup report
Email Address that will be used to contact you
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16.3 Backup Job Report
For each backup job you have run, a backup job report will be sent to you by email. This report contains a summary for the backup
job that was run and a full listing of all files being backed up by the backup job. The backup summary report contains the following
information:
Sample Backup Summary Report
Key
Backup Time
Backup Status
New Files
Updated Files
Deleted Files
Moved Files
Description
The time when the backup job ran
The overall status of the backup job. Normally, you should see “Backup finished
successfully” in this field. If you happen to get something else, please consult the
attached full report for more information.
Total number and size of backup files added to your backup set
Total number and size of backup files updated in your backup set
Total number and size of backup files deleted from your backup set
Total number and size of backup files relocated in your backup set
Login Name
Alias
Language
Contact
Login name
Alias
Preferred Language for your backup report
Email Address that will be used to contact you
Backup Source
All files/directories that will be backed up
Backup Data Size
Retention Area Size
The total backup data stored in the data area
The total backup data stored in the retention area. Old copies of updated or deleted
backup files are retained in the retention area for the number of days as specified by
the retention policy of the backup set before they are removed from the system.
Backup Quota
Remaining Quota
Backup Quota
Remaining Quota
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The full backup report, which contains a full listing of all files backed up by the backup job, is attached to the backup job report
email as a zip file. You need to unzip it before you can read the full report.
Sample Report
Key
Backup Set
Backup Job
Backup Status
Backup Time
Description
The name of the backup set
The name of the backup job (which is the start time of the backup job)
The overall status of the backup job. Normally, you should see “Backup finished
successfully” in this field. If you happen to get something else, please consult the
attached full report for more information.
The time when the backup job ran
Backup Log
New Files
Updated Files
Deleted Files
Moved Files
All messages logged when running this backup job
Total number and size of backup files added to your backup set
Total number and size of backup files updated in your backup set
Total number and size of backup files deleted from your backup set
Total number and size of backup files relocated in your backup set
New File List
Updated File List
Deleted File List
Moved File List
Full list of all backup files added to your backup set
Full list of all backup files updated in your backup set
Full list of all backup files deleted from your backup set
Full list of all backup files relocated in your backup set
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16.4 Setting Change Report
After you have updated your user profile or backup setting, a setting change report will be sent to you. This report allows you to
track record of the changes that have been made to your backup account.
Sample Report
Key
Login Name
Alias
Language
Contact
Backup Quota
Description
Login name
Alias
Preferred Language for your backup reports
Email Address that will be used to contact you
Backup Quota
Backup Source(s)
Backup Schedule(s)
Filter(s)
Retention Policy
Transfer Size
Pre-Command(s)
Post-Command(s)
All backup sources of the backup set
All backup schedules of the backup set
All backup filters of the backup set
The retention policy of the backup set
The transfer block size of the backup set
All Pre-Command(s) of the backup set
All Post-Command(s) of the backup set
16.5 Inactive User Reminder
You will receive an inactive user reminder in email if your account has been left inactive for the period of 7 days (or the period
specified by the system administrator). This is to remain you that you have not been running backup for more 7 days. If you are a
free trial user, your account will be removed from the system automatically if the system can track no records of your backup
activities in the next 30 days after receiving this report.
Key
Login Name
Alias
Language
Contact
Backup Quota
Description
Login name
Alias
Preferred Language for your backup reports
Email Address that will be used to contact you
Backup Quota
Last Login Time
Last Backup Time
The last time you logon to the backup system
The last time you ran a backup job
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17 Web Features
Other than the features of IronstorCBM described in the previous chapter, the web interface of Ironstor Backup Server provides
you access to some additional features that are not available in IronstorCBM. This chapter describes each of these features in
details.
17.1 Install IronstorCBM
Before you can use IronstorCBM, you have to download the IronstorCBM installer from the web interface of Ironstor Backup Server
and install IronstorCBM onto your computer. Please refer to the installation section (Chapter 2) for information on how to install
IronstorCBM onto your computer.
17.2 Update User Profile
You can update your user profile by using the [Profile] panel available on the web interface. To change your profile, just make any
changes to your profile on the panel shown below and press the [Update] button.
Key
Quota
Data Area
Retention Area
Total Upload
Total Restore
Description
Backup Quota
Total number and size backup files stored in the data area
Total number and size of backup files stored in the retention area
Total number and size of backup files uploaded to the backup server
Total number and size of backup files restored from the backup server
Login Name
Display Name
Language
Time Zone
Contact
Login name
Alias of your backup account
Preferred Language for your backup report
Your Time zone
Email Address that will be used to contact you
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17.3 Request Forgotten Password
If you have forgotten your password, you can retrieve it by simply entering your login name or your registered email address on the
[Password Request] form and press the [Request] button. Your password will be sent to your registered email address
automatically.
17.4 Restore/Delete/Undelete Backup Files
Using the [File Explorer], you can browse through the backup data (both current and previous versions) on Ironstor Backup Server.
You can select any current backup files to Restore or Delete. You can also select any deleted backup files (in gray) to Undelete.
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17.5 Review Backup Jobs
In addition to reviewing your backup activities from the email report and from IronstorCBM, you can also review any of your backup
Jobs by using the [Report] panel available on the web interface. To review a backup job, select the required backup job from the
[Backup Set] and [Backup Job] drop down lists.
Key
Job Status
Backup Time
Description
The overall status of the backup job. Normally, you should see “Backup finished
successfully” in this field. If you happen to get something else, please click the [Detailed
Report] images on the page.
The time when the backup job ran
New Files
Updated Files
Deleted Files
Moved Files
Total number and size of backup files added to your backup set
Total number and size of backup files updated in your backup set
Total number and size of backup files deleted from your backup set
Total number and size of backup files relocated in your backup set
Backup Data Size
The total backup data stored in the data area
Retention Area Size The total backup data stored in the retention area. Old copies of updated or deleted
backup files are retained in the retention area for the number of days as specified by the
retention policy of the backup set before they are removed from the system.
Total Upload
Total number and size of backup files uploaded to the backup server
Backup Quota
Backup Quota
Remaining Quota
Remaining Quota
You can open the [Full Backup Report] to review all information logged by a backup job by clicking the [Detailed Report] image on
the [Report] panel.
17.6 Review Storage Statistics
You can review the amount of data you have stored on the backup server and uploaded to the backup server on each day by
opening the [Statistics] panel available on the web interface. To review your storage statistics for a different month, just select the
month you are after by selecting from the [Month] drop down list.
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Key
Date
Data Area
Retention Area
Uploaded Size
Total Storage
Description
The date the following statistics are collected
Total number and size of backup files stored in the data area on a particular date
Total number and size of backup files stored in the retention area on a particular date
Total number and size of backup files uploaded to the backup server on a particular date
Total number and size of backup files stored under your backup account on a particular
date
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18 Further Information
18.1 FAQs
Please see if your question has already been answered in our FAQs available on our website.
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