NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User'

Installation and User's Guide
REFERENCE
86 A1 94EW 00
NOVASCALE
R421-E1
NOVASCALE
R421-E1
Installation and User's Guide
Hardware
April 2008
BULL CEDOC
357 AVENUE PATTON
B.P.20845
49008 ANGERS CEDEX 01
FRANCE
REFERENCE
86 A1 94EW 00
The following copyright notice protects this book under Copyright laws which prohibit such actions as, but not limited
to, copying, distributing, modifying, and making derivative works.
Copyright © Bull SAS 2008
Copyright © Super Micro Computer, Inc., 2007
Printed in France
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to use the Ordering Form also provided at the end of this book.
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We acknowledge the rights of the proprietors of the trademarks mentioned in this manual.
All brand names and software and hardware product names are subject to trademark and/or patent protection.
Quoting of brand and product names is for information purposes only and does not represent trademark misuse.
Intel® and Xeon® are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation.
Windows® and Microsoft® software are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Linux® is a registered trademark of Linus Torwalds.
Phoenix® is a registered trademark of Phoenix Technologies.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Bull will not be liable for errors
contained herein, or for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the use of this material.
Preface
Preface
About This Manual
This manual is written for professional system integrators and PC technicians. It
provides information for the installation and use of the NovaScale R421-E1. Installation and maintenance should be performed by experienced technicians only.
The NovaScale R421-E1 is a 1U rackmount server chassis with an integrated S5400SF serverboard. The serverboard supports dual Intel®
5400/5300LV/5200/5100LV Series processors.
Manual Organization
Chapter 1: Introduction
The first chapter provides a checklist of the main components included with the server system and describes the main features of the NovaScale R421-E1 serverboard
and the NovaScale R421-E1 chassis.
Chapter 2: Server Installation
This chapter describes the steps necessary to install the NovaScale R421-E1 into a
rack and check out the server configuration prior to powering up the system. If your
server was ordered without the processor and memory components, this chapter will
refer you to the appropriate sections of the manual for their installation.
Chapter 3: System Interface
Refer to this chapter for details on the system interface, which includes the functions
and information provided by the control panel on the chassis as well as other LEDs
located throughout the system.
III
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Chapter 4: System Safety
You should thoroughly familiarize yourself with this chapter for a general overview
of safety precautions that should be followed when installing and servicing the
NovaScale R421-E1.
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Chapter 5 provides detailed information on the R421-E1 serverboard, including the
locations and functions of connectors, headers and jumpers. Refer to this chapter
when adding or removing processors or main memory and when reconfiguring the
serverboard.
Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
Refer to Chapter 6 for detailed information on the R421-E1 1U rackmount server
chassis. You should follow the procedures given in this chapter when installing,
removing or reconfiguring SAS/SATA or peripheral drives and when replacing system power supply units and cooling fans.
Chapter 7: BIOS
The BIOS chapter includes an introduction to BIOS and provides detailed information on running the CMOS Setup Utility.
Appendix A: Integration and Usage Tips
Appendix B: POST Code Diagnostic LED Decoder
Appendix C: POST Error Beep codes
IV
Preface
Notes
V
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
VI
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction
1-1
Overview ............................................................................................................ 1-1
1-2
Serverboard Features ........................................................................................ 1-1
1-3
Server Chassis Features ................................................................................... 1-2
1-4
System Views ..................................................................................................... 1-4
1-5
Server Board Overview ...................................................................................... 1-6
Chapter 2. Server Installation
2-1
Overview ............................................................................................................ 2-1
2-2
Unpacking the System ....................................................................................... 2-1
2-3
Preparing for Setup ............................................................................................ 2-1
Choosing a Setup Location ................................................................................ 2-1
Rack Precautions ............................................................................................... 2-2
Server Precautions............................................................................................. 2-2
Rack Mounting Considerations .......................................................................... 2-3
Ambient Operating Temperature ................................................................... 2-3
Reduced Airflow ............................................................................................ 2-3
Mechanical Loading ...................................................................................... 2-3
Circuit Overloading ........................................................................................ 2-3
Reliable Ground ............................................................................................ 2-3
2-4
Installing the System into a Rack ...................................................................... 2-4
2-5
Checking the Serverboard Setup ....................................................................... 2-4
Accessing the Inside of the System................................................................... 2-4
Checking the Components and Setup ............................................................... 2-5
2-6
Preparing to Power On ...................................................................................... 2-6
Checking the SATA drives.................................................................................. 2-6
Checking the Airflow .......................................................................................... 2-6
Providing Power ................................................................................................. 2-6
Chapter 3. System Interface
3-1
Overview ............................................................................................................ 3-1
3-2
Control Panel Buttons ........................................................................................ 3-4
3-3
Control Panel LED indicators ............................................................................. 3-5
Power/Sleep LED ............................................................................................... 3-6
System Status LED ............................................................................................ 3-7
Drive Activity LED .............................................................................................. 3-8
System Identification LED .................................................................................. 3-8
VII
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Chapter 4. System Safety
4-1
Electrical Safety Precautions ............................................................................. 4-1
4-2
General Safety Precautions ............................................................................... 4-2
4-3
ESD Precautions ................................................................................................ 4-3
4-4
Operating Precautions ....................................................................................... 4-4
4-5
Replacing the Backup Battery ........................................................................... 4-4
Chapter 5. Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-1
Handling the Serverboard .................................................................................. 5-1
Precautions ........................................................................................................ 5-1
5-2
Serverboard Installation ......................................................................................5-2
Accessing the Inside of the System................................................................... 5-2
Check Compatibility of Serverboard Ports and I/O Shield ................................ 5-2
Mounting the Serverboard onto the Serverboard Tray ...................................... 5-2
Unpacking .......................................................................................................... 5-2
5-3
Connecting Cables ............................................................................................. 5-3
5-4
I/O Ports ............................................................................................................. 5-5
5-5
Processor and Heat Sink Installation ................................................................. 5-6
Installing the Processor .................................................................................... 5-6
Removing a Processor ..................................................................................... 5-8
Installing the Heat Sink ...................................................................................... 5-8
5-6
Installing Memory ............................................................................................. 5-10
Installing DIMMs................................................................................................5-11
Removing DIMMs ..............................................................................................5-11
Supported Memory ............................................................................................5-11
Dimm Population Rules and Supported DIMM Configurations........................ 5-12
5-7
Adding PCI Cards ............................................................................................ 5-14
Installing a PCI Add-in Card ............................................................................ 5-14
Removing a PCI Add-in Card........................................................................... 5-14
5-8
Serverboard Details ......................................................................................... 5-15
5-9
Connector Definitions ....................................................................................... 5-16
Power Connector (Backplane to Power Supply Harness) ............................... 5-16
Control Panel USB Interface Connector (Backplane to Control Panel) .......... 5-16
Hot-Swap SATA/SAS Drive Connectors .......................................................... 5-17
SATA/SAS Drive Control Connectors (Model 0 only) ...................................... 5-18
USB Floppy Drive Connector ........................................................................... 5-18
System Fan Connectors .................................................................................. 5-19
System Management Connectors .................................................................... 5-20
VIII
Table of Contents
Serial Port ........................................................................................................ 5-20
Ethernet NIC1, NIC2 Connectors..................................................................... 5-20
5-10
Jumper Settings ............................................................................................... 5-21
5-11
Light Guided Diagnostics ................................................................................. 5-22
Chapter 6. Advanced Chassis Setup
6-1
Devices............................................................................................................... 6-1
Static-Sensitive Devices ..................................................................................... 6-1
Precautions ........................................................................................................ 6-1
Unpacking .......................................................................................................... 6-1
Peripheral Devices ............................................................................................. 6-2
Rear of Server System ...................................................................................... 6-2
6-2
Control Panel ..................................................................................................... 6-3
Replacing the Control Panel Module in the Model 0 Option HS (Hot-swap
Drive System)..................................................................................................... 6-3
Replacing the Control Panel Module in the Model 0 (Fixed Drive System) ...... 6-5
6-3
System Fans ...................................................................................................... 6-7
System Fan Failure ............................................................................................ 6-7
6-4
Drive Bay Installation/Removal .......................................................................... 6-9
In the Model 0 Option HS (Hotswap Drives) ..................................................... 6-9
In the Model 0 (Fixed Hard Drives) ................................................................. 6-12
6-5
Power Supply ................................................................................................... 6-14
Chapter 7. BIOS
7-1
Using the BIOS Setup Utility .............................................................................. 7-1
If You Cannot Access Setup .............................................................................. 7-1
Setup Menus ...................................................................................................... 7-1
7-2
Upgrading the BIOS ........................................................................................... 7-4
Recording the Current BIOS Settings ........................................................... 7-4
Obtaining the Upgrade .................................................................................. 7-4
Upgrading the BIOS ...................................................................................... 7-5
7-3
Clearing the CMOS and resetting the Password............................................... 7-5
7-4
Advanced Setup ................................................................................................. 7-7
Main Screen ....................................................................................................... 7-8
Advanced Screen ............................................................................................. 7-12
Processor Screen ........................................................................................ 7-13
ATA Controller Screen ................................................................................. 7-20
Mass Storage Controller Screen ................................................................. 7-23
Serial Ports Screen ..................................................................................... 7-24
USB Configuration Screen .......................................................................... 7-25
IX
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
PCI Screen .................................................................................................. 7-26
Security Screen ................................................................................................ 7-29
Server Management System Information Screen ............................................ 7-35
Boot Options Screen ........................................................................................ 7-36
Hard Disk Order Screen .............................................................................. 7-37
CDROM Order Screen ................................................................................ 7-38
Floppy Order Screen ................................................................................... 7-38
Network Device Order Screen .................................................................... 7-39
BEV Device Order Screen .......................................................................... 7-39
Boot Manager Screen ...................................................................................... 7-40
Error Manager Screen ..................................................................................... 7-41
Exit Screen ....................................................................................................... 7-41
Appendix A. Integration and Usage Tips...................................................A-1
Appendix B. POST Code Diagnostic LED Decoder..................................B-1
Appendix C. POST Error Beep Codes.......................................................C-1
X
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 1. Introduction
1-1
Overview
The NovaScale R421-E1 is a rackmount 1U server system with features that are
designed to support the high-density high performance computing server market.
The system is integrated with an Intel® Server Board S5400SF and is offered in
two different system configurations: one which supports up to two fixed SATA hard
drives, and one which supports hot-swap backplane options capable of supporting
up to three hot-swap SAS or SATA hard drives.
This chapter provides a high-level overview of the system features. Greater detail
for each major system component or feature is provided in the following chapters.
1-2
Serverboard Features
Feature
Description
Processors
771-pin LGA sockets supporting 1 or 2 Multi-Core Intel®
Xeon® processors 5000 sequence, with system bus
speeds of 1066 MHz, 1333 MHz, and 1600 MHz
Memory
16 Keyed DIMM slots supporting fully buffered DIMM
technology (FBDIMM) memory. Only 240-pin DDR2 667
or DDR2 800 FBDIMMs will be supported in this server
system
Chipset
Intel® Chipset which includes the following components:
• Intel® 5400 Memory Controller Hub
• Intel® 6321ESB I/O Controller Hub
On-board Video
ATI* ES1000 video controller with 32MB DDR SDRAM
LAN Support
Two 10/100/1000 Intel® 82563EB PHYs supporting
Intel® I/O Acceleration Technology
Hard Drive Controller
Options
• Integrated ESB2-E 3Gb/s SATA ports, for use in
Fixed Drive
• LSI* LSISAS1064E SAS/SATA controller RAID
Controller, integrated on Active SAS backplane
option for use in hot swap backplane configuration
Support for Intel® Embedded Server RAID Technology
II with SW RAID levels 0/1/10.
Optional support for SW RAID 5 with activation key.
System Management
Support for Intel® System Management Software
1-1
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
1-3
Server Chassis Features
Feature
Description
System Connectors /
Headers
External I/O connections:
• Stacked PS/2* ports for keyboard and mouse
• RJ45 Serial B port
• Two RJ45 NIC connectors for 10/100/1000 Mb
connections
• Two USB 2.0 ports
• Video Connector
Internal connectors/headers:
• One USB port header, capable of providing two
USB 2.0 ports
• One DH10 Serial A header
• SATA ports via the ESB2-E supporting 3Gb/s and
integrated SW RAID 0/1/10 support
• One 44pin (power + I/O) ATA/100 connector for
optical drive support
• One Intel® Remote Management Module-2
(Intel® RMM2) connector (Intel® RMM2 use is
optional)
• One Intel® I/O Expansion Module Connector
supporting any of the following:
○ Dual GB NIC Intel® I/O Expansion Module
(Optional)
○ External SAS Intel® I/O Expansion Module
(Optional)
○ Infiniband* I/O Expansion Module (Optional)
System Fan Support
• Non-redundant fan assembly with five managed
dual rotor variable speed fans
• Two Non-redundant power supply fans
Add-in Adapter
Support
Hard Drive Support
One full height riser card slot supporting PCIe* x16 Gen
2 riser card
• Up to two fixed SATA drives in Fixed Drive SKU
• Up to three SATA / SAS Drives in Hot Swap Drive
SKU
1-2
Chapter 1: Introduction
Feature
Peripheral Drive
Support
Description
• One Slim-line IDE optical drive
• Slim-line USB Floppy Drive option (Hot Swap
Backplane configurations Only)
System Power
600 Watt Non-redundant
Front Panel Options
Intel Standard Control Panel
• System Control Buttons – Power, Reset, System
ID, NMI
• System LEDs – System Power, NIC Activity, HDD
Activity, System Status, System ID
• USB Port
• Video Connector (Hot-Swap Backplane Configurations only)
1-3
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
1-4
System Views
Figure 1-1. Top Down View - Fixed Mount Hard Drive SKU
1-4
Chapter 1: Introduction
Figure 1-2. Top Down View -Hot-Swap Drive SKU
1-5
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
1-5
Server Board Overview
The architecture and design of the Intel® Server Board S5400SF is based on the Intel®
5400 Chipset. The chipset is designed for systems using the Multi-Core Intel® Xeon®
processor 5000 sequence with front side bus speeds of 1066 MHz, 1333 MHz, or
1600 MHz. The chipset is made up of two main components: the Intel® 5400 Memory
Controller Hub (MCH) for the host bridge and the ESB2-E I/O controller hub for the
I/O subsystem. This chapter provides a high-level description of the functionality associated with each chipset component and the architectural blocks that make up this
server board.
Figure 1-3. Intel® Server Board S5400SF
1-6
Chapter 1: Introduction
Figure 1-4. Server Board Functional Block Diagram
1-7
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
1-8
Chapter 2: Server Installation
Chapter 2. Server Installation
2-1
Overview
This chapter provides a quick setup checklist to get your NovaScale R421-E1 up
and running. Following these steps in the order given should enable you to have
the system operational within a minimum amount of time. This quick setup assumes
that your system has come to you with the processors and memory preinstalled. If
your system is not already fully integrated with a serverboard, processors, system
memory etc., please turn to the chapter or section noted in each step for details on
installing specific components.
2-2
Unpacking the System
You should inspect the box the NovaScale R421-E1 was shipped in and note if
it was damaged in any way. If the server itself shows damage you should file a
damage claim with the carrier who delivered it.
Decide on a suitable location for the rack unit that will hold the NovaScale R421E1. It should be situated in a clean, dust-free area that is well ventilated. Avoid
areas where heat, electrical noise and electromagnetic fields are generated. You
will also need it placed near a grounded power outlet. Be sure to read the Rack
and Server Precautions in the next section.
2-3
Preparing for Setup
The box the NovaScale R422-E1/R422-INF-E1 was shipped in should include two
sets of rail assemblies, two rail mounting brackets and the mounting screws you
will need to install the system into the rack. Follow the steps in the order given to
complete the installation process in a minimum amount of time. Please read this
section in its entirety before you begin the installation procedure outlined in the
sections that follow.
Choosing a Setup Location
•
Leave enough clearance in front of the rack to enable you to open the front door
completely (~63 cm/~25 inches).
•
Leave approximately 76 cm (30 inches) of clearance in the back of the rack to
allow for sufficient airflow and ease in servicing.
2-1
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
•
This product is for installation only in a Restricted Access Location (dedicated
equipment rooms, service closets and the like).
•
This product is not suitable for use with visual display work place devices according to §2 of the the German Ordinance for Work with Visual Display Units.
Rack Precautions
!
•
Warnings and Precautions!
!
Ensure that the leveling jacks on the bottom of the rack are fully extended to
the floor with the full weight of the rack resting on them.
•
In single rack installation, stabilizers should be attached to the rack.
•
In multiple rack installations, the racks should be coupled together.
•
Always make sure the rack is stable before extending a component from the
rack.
•
You should extend only one component at a time - extending two or more simultaneously may cause the rack to become unstable.
Server Precautions
•
Review the electrical and general safety precautions in Chapter 4.
•
Determine the placement of each component in the rack before you install the
rails.
•
Install the heaviest server components on the bottom of the rack first, and then
work up.
•
Use a regulating uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to protect the server from
power surges, voltage spikes and to keep your system operating in case of a
power failure.
•
Allow the hot plug SATA drives and power supply modules to cool before touching them.
2-2
Chapter 2: Server Installation
•
Always keep the rack's front door and all panels and components on the servers
closed when not servicing to maintain proper cooling.
•
Make sure all power and data cables are properly connected and not blocking
the chassis airflow. See Chapter 5 for details on cable connections.
Rack Mounting Considerations
Ambient Operating Temperature
If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the ambient operating temperature of the rack environment may be greater than the ambient temperature of the
room. Therefore, consideration should be given to installing the equipment in an
environment compatible with the manufacturer’s maximum rated ambient temperature (Tmra).
Reduced Airflow
Equipment should be mounted into a rack so that the amount of airflow required
for safe operation is not compromised.
Mechanical Loading
Equipment should be mounted into a rack so that a hazardous condition does not
arise due to uneven mechanical loading.
Circuit Overloading
Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the power
supply circuitry and the effect that any possible overloading of circuits might have
on overcurrent protection and power supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of
equipment nameplate ratings should be used when addressing this concern.
Reliable Ground
A reliable ground must be maintained at all times. To ensure this, the rack itself
should be grounded. Particular attention should be given to power supply connections other than the direct connections to the branch circuit (i.e. the use of power
strips, etc.).
2-3
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
2-4
Installing the System into a Rack
Your NovaScale R421-E1 can be mounted into a rack. Bull provides three options
to mount this server into a rack. When installing the chassis into a rack, Intel recommends you install systems from the bottom of the rack to the top. In other words,
install the first system in the rack into the bottom position of the rack, the second
system in the second position from the bottom, and so on. Instructions for installing
your chassis into a rack are included in each rackmount option kit.
2-5
Checking the Serverboard Setup
After you install the NovaScale R421-E1 in the rack, you will need to open the top
cover to make sure that the serverboard is properly installed and all the connections have been made.
Accessing the Inside of the System
1. Remove the front bezel.
Unlock the bezel and pull the bezel from the server system.
Figure 2-1. Removing the Front Bezel
2. Remove the system cover.
The server system must be operated with the system cover in place to ensure
proper cooling. You will need to remove the top cover to add or replace components inside of the server.
Note: A nonskid surface or a stop behind the server system may
be needed to prevent the server system from sliding on your work
surface.
2-4
Chapter 2: Server Installation
a. Remove the top cover screw (see letter “A”).
b. Slide the cover back until it stops and lift the cover upward to remove it
(see letter “B”).
B
A
Figure 2-2. Removing the Server System Cover
Checking the Components and Setup
1. You may have one or two processors already installed in each of the two
serverboards. Each processor needs its own heatsink. See Chapter 5 for
instructions on processor and heatsink installation.
2. Your server system may have come with system memory already installed.
Make sure all DIMMs are fully seated in their slots. For details on adding
system memory, refer to Chapter 5.
3. You can install two add-on cards to the system. See Chapter 5 for details on
installing PCI add-on cards.
4. Make sure all power and data cables are properly connected and not blocking
the chassis airflow.
2-5
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
2-6
Preparing to Power On
Next, you should check to make sure the peripheral drives and the SATA drives
and SATA backplane have been properly installed and all connections have been
made.
Checking the SATA drives
1. All drives are accessable from the front of the server. The SATA disk drives
can be installed and removed from the front of the chassis without removing
the top chassis cover.
2. Depending upon your system's configuration, your system may have one or
two drives already installed. If you need to install SATA drives, please refer to
Chapter 6.
Checking the Airflow
1. Airflow is provided by six sets of 4-cm fans (each set of fans consists of two
fans that are mounted back to back) and an air shroud. The system component layout was carefully designed to direct sufficient cooling airflow to the
components that generate the most heat.
2. Note that all power and data cables have been routed in such a way that they
do not block the airflow generated by the fans.
Providing Power
1. Plug the power cords from the power supplies unit into a high-quality power
strip that offers protection from electrical noise and power surges.
2. It is recommended that you use an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).
3. Finally, depress the power on button on the front of the chassis.
2-6
Chapter 3: System Interface
Chapter 3. System Interface
3-1
Overview
The NovaScale R421-E1 can support either of two standard control panels; one
each for the fixed drive and hot-swap backplane configurations. The control panel
assemblies are pre-assembled and modular in design. The entire module assembly
slides into a predefined slot in the front of the chassis
Figure 3-1. Control Panel Module
For fixed drive configurations, the standard control panel supports several push buttons and status LEDs, along with a single USB 2.0 port to centralize system control,
monitoring, and accessibility to within a common compact design. The following
diagram overviews the layout and functions of the control panel.
Note: This control panel option has no video.
3-1
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Figure 3-2. Control Panel Modulel
A
B
C
D
E
NIC 2 Activity LED
NIC 1 Activity LED
Power / Sleep Button
Power / Sleep LED
Hard Drive Activity LED
F
System Status LED
G
H
I
J
K
System Identification LED
System Identification Button
System Reset Button
USB 2.0 Connector
Recessed NMI Button
(Tool Required)
For systems configured with a hot-swap backplane, the standard control panel
supports several push buttons and status LEDs, along with USB and video ports
to centralize system control, monitoring, and accessibility to within a common
compact design. The following diagram overviews the layout and functions of the
control panel.
3-2
Chapter 3: System Interface
Figure 3-3. Standard Control Panel Overview
A
B
C
D
E
NIC 2 Activity LED
NIC 1 Activity LED
Power / Sleep Button
Power / Sleep LED
Hard Drive Activity LED
G
H
I
J
K
F
System Status LED
L
System Identification LED
System Identification Button
System Reset Button
USB 2.0 Connector
Recessed NMI Button
(Tool Required)
Video Connector
The following sections described the features of the standard control panels. Differences between control panels for the fixed hard drive and hot-swap hard drive
configurations will be noted.
3-3
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
3-2
Control Panel Buttons
The standard control panel assembly houses several system control buttons. Each
of their functions is listed in the table below..
Figure 3-4. Control Panel Buttons
Table 3-1. Control Button and Intrusion Switch
Reference
A
Feature
Power / Sleep
Button
B
ID Button
C
D
Reset Button
NMI Button
Function
Toggles the system power on/off. This button
also functions as a Sleep Button if enabled by an
ACPI-compliant operating system.
Toggles the front panel ID LED and the baseboard
ID LED on/off. The baseboard ID LED is visible
through the rear of the chassis and allows you to
locate the server you’re working on from behind a
rack of servers.
Reboots and initializes the system.
Pressing the recessed button with a paper clip or
pin puts the server in a halt state for diagnostic
purposes and allows you to issue a non-maskable
interrupt. After issuing the interrupt, a memory
download can be performed to determine the cause
of the problem.
3-4
Chapter 3: System Interface
3-3
Control Panel LED indicators
The control panel houses six LEDs, which are viewable with or without the front
bezel to display the system’s operating state.
Figure 3-5. Control Panel LED indicators
The following table identifies each LED and describes their functionality.
Table 3-2. Control Panel LED Functions
LED
Color
State
Description
NIC1 / NIC2
Activity
Green
On
NIC Link
Green
Blink
NIC Activity
Power / Sleep
(on standby
power)
Green
On
Legacy power on / ACPI S0
state
Sleep / ACPI S1 state
System Status
(on standby
power)
Blink
Off
Off
Green/Amber
Alternating Blink
Green
On
Blink
Amber
System
Identification
1,2
On
Blink
Disk Activity
1,4
1,2
Power Off / ACPI S4 or S5
state
Pre DC Power On – 15-20
second BMC Initialization
Running / normal operation
Degraded
Critical or non-recoverable
condition.
Non-critical condition.
Off
Off
POST / system stop.
Green
Random blink
Off
Off
Provides an indicator for disk
activity.
No hard disk activity
Blue
On
Off
Off
3
Identify active via command
or button.
No Identification.
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Notes:
1.
Blink rate is ~1 Hz with at 50% duty cycle.
2.
The amber status takes precedence over the green status. When the amber LED is on or blinking,
the green LED is off.
3.
Also off when the system is powered off (S4/S5) or in a sleep state (S1).
4.
The power LED sleep indication is maintained on standby by the chipset. If the system is powered
down without going through BIOS, the LED state in effect at the time of power off will be restored
when the system is powered on until the BIOS clears it. If the system is not powered down normally,
it is possible that the Power LED will be blinking at the same time that the system status LED is off
due to a failure or configuration change that prevents the BIOS from running.
The current limiting resistors for the power LED, the system fault LED, and the NIC
LEDs are located on the R421-E1 main board.
Power/Sleep LED
Table 3-3. SSI Power LED Operation
State
Power Off
Power Mode
Non-ACPI
LED
Off
Power On
Non-ACPI
On
S5
ACPI
Off
S4
ACPI
Off
S3-S1
ACPI
Slow blink 1
S0
ACPI
Steady on
Note: Blink rate is ~ 1Hz with at 50% duty cycle.
3-6
Description
System power is off, and the BIOS has
not initialized the chipset.
System power is on, but the BIOS has
not yet initialized the chipset.
Mechanical is off, and the operating
system has not saved any context to
the hard disk.
Mechanical is off. The operating system has saved context to the hard
disk.
DC power is still on. The operating
system has saved context and gone
into a level of low-power state.
System and the operating system are
up and running.
Chapter 3: System Interface
System Status LED
Table 3-4. Control Panel LED Operation
Color
Off
Green/
Amber
State
N/A
Criticality
Not ready
Not ready
Green
Green
Solid on
Blink
Ok
Degraded
Description
AC power off
Pre DC Power On – 15-20 second BMC
Initialization when AC is applied to the server.
Control Panel buttons are disabled until BMC
initialization is complete.
System booted and ready
System degraded
•
Unable to use all of the installed
memory (more than one DIMM
installed).
•
Correctable errors over a threshold
of 10 and migrating to a spare DIMM
(memory sparing). This indicates
that the user no longer has spared
DIMMs indicating a redundancy lost
condition. Corresponding DIMM LED
should light up.
•
In mirrored configuration, when
memory mirroring takes place and
system loses memory redundancy.
This is not covered by (2).
•
Redundancy loss such as powersupply or fan. This does not apply to
non-redundant sub-systems.
•
PCIe* link errors
•
CPU failure / disabled – if there are
two processors and one of them fails
•
Fan alarm – Fan failure. Number of
operational fans should be more than
minimum number needed to cool the
system
•
Amber
Blink
Non-critical
Non-critical threshold crossed –
Temperature and voltage
Non-fatal alarm – system is likely to fail
•
Critical voltage threshold crossed
•
VRD hot asserted
•
Minimum number of fans to cool the
system not present or failed
•
In non-sparing and non-mirroring
mode if the threshold of ten
correctable errors is crossed within
the window
3-7
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Color
Amber
State
Solid on
Criticality
Critical,
nonrecoverable
Description
Fatal alarm – system has failed or shutdown
•
DIMM failure when there is one
DIMM present, no good memory
present
•
Run-time memory uncorrectable
error in non-redundant mode
•
IERR signal asserted
•
Processor 1 missing
•
Temperature (CPU ThermTrip,
memory TempHi, critical threshold
crossed)
•
No power good – power fault
•
Processor configuration error
(for instance, processor stepping
mismatch)
Drive Activity LED
The drive activity LED on the control panel indicates drive activity from the onboard
hard disk controllers.
System Identification LED
The blue system identification LED is used to help identify a system for servicing.
This is especially useful when the system is installed in a high density rack or cabinet
that is populated with several similar systems.
The blue “System ID” LED can be illuminated using either of two mechanisms.
•
By pressing the system ID button on the system control panel the ID LED will
display a solid blue color, until the button is pressed again.
•
By issuing the appropriate hex IPMI “Chassis Identify” value, the ID LED will
either blink blue for 15 seconds and turn off or will blink indefinitely until the
appropriate hex IPMI Chassis Identify value is issued to turn it off.
3-8
Chapter 4: System Safety
Chapter 4. System Safety
4-1
Electrical Safety Precautions
!
Basic electrical safety precautions should be followed to protect yourself from harm
and the NovaScale R421-E1 from damage:
•
Be aware of the locations of the power on/off switch on the chassis as well
as the room's emergency power-off switch, disconnection switch or electrical
outlet. If an electrical accident occurs, you can then quickly remove power from
the system.
•
Do not work alone when working with high voltage components.
•
Power should always be disconnected from the system when removing or installing main system components, such as the serverboard, memory modules
and floppy drive. When disconnecting power, you should first power down the
system with the operating system first and then unplug the power cords of all
the power supply units in the system.
•
When working around exposed electrical circuits, another person who is familiar
with the power-off controls should be nearby to switch off the power if necessary.
•
Use only one hand when working with powered-on electrical equipment. This
is to avoid making a complete circuit, which will cause electrical shock. Use
extreme caution when using metal tools, which can easily damage any electrical
components or circuit boards they come into contact with.
•
Do not use mats designed to decrease static electrical discharge as protection
from electrical shock. Instead, use rubber mats that have been specifically
designed as electrical insulators.
•
The power supply power cords must include a grounding plug and must be
plugged into grounded electrical outlets.
4-1
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
•
Serverboard Battery: CAUTION - There is a danger of explosion if the onboard
battery is installed upside down, which will reverse its polarites (see Figure
4-1). This battery must be replaced only with the same or an equivalent type
recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the
manufacturer's instructions.
•
Mainboard replaceable soldered-in fuses: Self-resetting PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient) fuses on the mainboard must be replaced by trained service
technicians only. The new fuse must be the same or equivalent as the one
replaced. Contact technical support for details and support.
4-2
General Safety Precautions
!
Follow these rules to ensure general safety:
•
Keep the area around the NovaScale R421-E1 clean and free of clutter.
•
The NovaScale R421-E1 weighs approximately 40 lbs (~18.2 kg) when fully
loaded. When lifting the system, two people at either end should lift slowly with
their feet spread out to distribute the weight. Always keep your back straight
and lift with your legs.
•
Place the chassis top cover and any system components that have been
removed away from the system or on a table so that they won't accidentally
be stepped on.
•
While working on the system, do not wear loose clothing such as neckties and
unbuttoned shirt sleeves, which can come into contact with electrical circuits
or be pulled into a cooling fan.
•
Remove any jewelry or metal objects from your body, which are excellent metal
conductors that can create short circuits and harm you if they come into contact
with printed circuit boards or areas where power is present.
•
After accessing the inside of the system, close the system back up and secure
it to the rack unit with the retention screws after ensuring that all connections
have been made.
4-2
Chapter 4: System Safety
4-3
ESD Precautions
!
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is generated by two objects with different electrical
charges coming into contact with each other. An electrical discharge is created to
neutralize this difference, which can damage electronic components and printed
circuit boards. The following measures are generally sufficient to neutralize this
difference before contact is made to protect your equipment from ESD:
•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent static discharge.
•
Keep all components and printed circuit boards (PCBs) in their antistatic bags
until ready for use.
•
Touch a grounded metal object before removing the board from the antistatic
bag.
•
Do not let components or PCBs come into contact with your clothing, which may
retain a charge even if you are wearing a wrist strap.
•
Handle a board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral chips,
memory modules or contacts.
•
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching their pins.
•
Put the serverboard and peripherals back into their antistatic bags when not
in use.
•
For grounding purposes, make sure your computer chassis provides excellent
conductivity between the power supply, the case, the mounting fasteners and
the serverboard.
4-3
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
4-4
Operating Precautions
!
Care must be taken to assure that the chassis cover is in place when the NovaScale R421-E1 is operating to assure proper cooling. Out of warranty damage to
the system can occur if this practice is not strictly followed.
4-5
Replacing the Backup Battery
The lithium battery on the server board powers the RTC for up to 10 years in the
absence of power. When the battery starts to weaken, it loses voltage, and the
server settings stored in CMOS RAM in the RTC (for example, the date and time)
may be wrong. Contact your customer service representative or dealer for a list of
approved devices.
Warning: Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly
replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type
recommended by the equipment manufacturer. Discard
used batteries according to manufacturer's instructions.
1. Locate the battery and insert the tip of a small flat bladed screwdriver, or an
equivalent, under the tab in the plastic retainer. Gently push down on the screwdriver to lift the battery.
2. Remove the battery from its socket.
4-4
Chapter 4: System Safety
Figure 4-1. Replacing the Backup Battery
3. Dispose of the battery according to local ordinance.
4. Remove the new lithium battery from its package, and, being careful to observe
the correct polarity, insert it in the battery socket.
Note: You will need to run BIOS Setup to restore the system configuration settings to the RTC.
4-5
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
4-6
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Chapter 5. Advanced Serverboard Setup
This chapter covers the steps required to install the NovaScale R421-E1 serverboard
into the chassis, connect the data and power cables and install add-on cards. All
serverboard jumpers and connections are also described. A layout and quick reference chart are included in this chapter for your reference. Remember to completely
close the chassis when you have finished working with the serverboard to better
cool and protect the system.
5-1
Handling the Serverboard
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage electronic components. To prevent damage to any printed circuit boards (PCBs), it is important to handle them very carefully
(see previous chapter). To prevent the serverboard from bending, keep one hand
under the center of the board to support it when handling. The following measures
are generally sufficient to protect your equipment from electric static discharge.
Precautions
•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent Electrostatic Discharge
(ESD).
•
Touch a grounded metal object before removing any board from its antistatic
bag.
•
Handle a board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral chips,
memory modules or gold contacts.
•
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching their pins.
•
Put the serverboard, add-on cards and peripherals back into their antistatic
bags when not in use.
•
For grounding purposes, make sure your computer chassis provides excellent
conductivity between the power supply, the case, the mounting fasteners and
the serverboard.
5-1
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Unpacking
The serverboard is shipped in antistatic packaging to avoid electrostatic discharge.
When unpacking the board, make sure the person handling it is static protected.
5-2
Serverboard Installation
This section explains the first step of physically mounting the serverboard into the
chassis. Following the steps in the order given will eliminate the most common
problems encountered in such an installation. To remove the serverboard, follow
the procedure in reverse order.
Accessing the Inside of the System
1. Remove all four screws securing the top cover of the chassis: two at the top
rear of the cover and one on each side lip, also near the back.
2. Place both thumbs in the indentations and push the cover back until it slides
off.
3. Lift the top cover from the chassis to gain full access to the inside of the
server. (If already installed in a rack, you must first release the retention
screws that secure the unit to the rack, then grasp the two handles on either
side and pull the unit straight out until the rails lock into place.)
Check Compatibility of Serverboard Ports and I/O Shield
Make sure that the I/O ports on the serverboards align properly with their respective
holes in the I/O shield at the back of the chassis when installing.
Mounting the Serverboard onto the Serverboard Tray
1. Carefully mount the serverboards by aligning the board holes with the raised
metal standoffs that are visible in the chassis.
2. Insert screws into all the mounting holes on your serverboards that line up
with the standoffs and tighten until snug (if you screw them in too tight, you
might strip the threads).
3. Metal screws provide an electrical contact to the serverboard ground to provide a continuous ground for the system.
5-2
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-3
Connecting Cables
When you add or remove components from your server system, make sure your
cables are routed correctly before reinstalling the server system cover. Use caution to make sure no cables or wires are pinched and that the airflow from the fans
is not blocked. Use the figures below to determine the correct cable routing for a
hot-swap drive system.
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
Intel® Remote Management
Module (optional)
Intel® RMM NIC Module (optional)
I/O Module (optional)
Power Supply
Bridge Board
Backplane Board (passive shown)
B
Power to Server Board (Aux. - P4)
Power to Server Board (Main - P1)
Power to Server Board (CPU - P2)
Power to Backplane Board (P3)
Control Panel USB
Control Panel Data
Fan Power Cables
C
A
Server
Board
D
Power
Supply
G
H
E
CPU1
CPU2
Fan Module
I
J
M
F
L
Optical
Drive
Module
Drive Bays
K
Control
Panel
Module
Figure 5-1. Cable Routing for Hot-Swap Drive System
5-3
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
When you add or remove components from your server system, make sure your
cables are routed correctly before reinstalling the server system cover. Use caution to make sure no cables or wires are pinched and that the airflow from the fans
is not blocked. Use the figures below to determine the correct cable routing for a
fixed drive system.
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
Intel® Remote Management
Module (optional)
Intel® RMM NIC Module (optional)
I/O Module (optional)
Power Supply
Fan Board
Power to Server Board (Aux. - P4)
Power to Server Board (Main - P1)
Power to Server Board (CPU - P2)
B
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
Power to Fan Board (P3)
Fan Power Cables
Control Panel Data
Control Panel USB
Power to Fixed HDD
SATA Data to HDD 1
Power to Fixed HDD
SATA Data to HDD 0
Optical Drive Data
C
A
Server
Board
D
Power
Supply
CPU1
F
G
CPU2
Fan Module
H
I
J
P O
Q
Optical
Drive
Module
N M
Drive Bays
E
L
K
Control
Panel
Module
Figure 5-2. Cable Routing for Fixed Drive System
5-4
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-4
I/O Ports
A
G
B
C
D
E
F
H
A) Mouse
B) Keyboard
C) Serial Port (RJ45)
D) NIC 1 (10/100/1000 Mb)
E) NIC 2 (10/100/1000 Mb)
F) Video
G) USB Port 6
H) USB Port 5
The NIC LEDs at the right and left of each NIC provide the following information:
Table 5-1. NIC LED descriptions
LED
LED State
Description
Left
Off
No network connection
Solid Amber
Network connection in place
Blinking Amber
Transmit/receive activity
Off
10 Mbps connection (if left LED is on or blinking)
Solid Amber
100 Mbps connection
Solid Green
1000 Mbps connection
Right
5-5
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
5-5
Processor and Heat Sink Installation
Caution: Processor must be appropriate: You may damage the
server board if you install a processor that is inappropriate
for your server.
Caution: ESD and handling processors: Reduce the risk of electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage to the processor by doing the
following: (1) Touch the metal chassis before touching the processor or server board. Keep part of your body in contact with
the metal chassis to dissipate the static charge while handling
the processor. (2) Avoid moving around unnecessarily.
Installing the Processor
1. Locate the processor socket and raise the socket handle completely.
Figure 5-3. Lifting the Processor Socket Handle
2. Raise the CPU load plate.
A
B
Figure 5-4. Installing the Processor
5-6
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Note: Do not touch the socket pins; they are very sensitive and
easily damaged
3. Line up the alignment marks on the processor and the socket, and insert the
processor into the socket.
A
B
Note: Make sure the alignment triangle mark and the alignment
triangle cutout align correctly.
4. Remove the protective socket cover.
Caution: Protective socket cover needs to be removed for
proper cooling of the processor; failure to remove the cover
could result in damage to the system.
Note: Retain the protective socket cover for use when removing a
processor that will not be replaced.
A
B
Figure 5-5. Removing the Socket Cover
5. Lower the CPU load plate and lower the socket lever completely.
5-7
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Removing a Processor
1. Loosen the four captive screws on the corners of the heat sink.
2. Twist the heat sink slightly to break the seal between the heat sink and the
processor.
3. Lift the heat sink from the processor. If it does not pull up easily, twist the
heat sink again. Do not force the heat sink from the processor. Doing so
could damage the processor.
4. Lift the processor lever.
5. Raise the CPU load plate.
6. Remove the processor.
Installing the Heat Sink
The heat sink has Thermal Interface Material (TIM) located on the bottom of it. Use
caution when you unpack the heat sink so you do not damage the TIM.
Note: New unused heat sinks have adequate TIM on the bottom. If
you are re-using a heat sink from replacing a processor, make sure
there is adequate TIM present on the heat sink to support processor
cooling.
1. Set the heat sink over the processor, lining up the four captive screws with
the four posts surrounding the processor.
2. Loosely screw in the captive screws on the heat sink corners in a diagonal
manner. Do no fully tighten one screw before tightening another.
3. Gradually and equally tighten each captive screw until each is firmly tightened.
5-8
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
2
4
3
1
Figure 5-6. Installing the Heat Sink (1U Passive Heat sink Shown)
Thermal Grease Reference: Shin-Etsu G751
5-9
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
5-6
Installing Memory
The silkscreen on the board for the DIMMs displays DIMM A1, DIMM A2, DIMM A3,
DIMM A4, DIMM B1, DIMM B2, DIMM B3, DIMM B4, DIMM C1, DIMM C2, DIMM
C3, DIMM C4, DIMM D1, DIMM D2, DIMM D3, and DIMM D4, starting from the
center of the board.
Figure 5-7 shows the supported DIMM configuration that is recommended because
it allows both memory branches from the MCH to operate independently and simultaneously.
DIMM D1
DIMM D2
DIMM D3
DIMM D4
DIMM B1
DIMM B2
DIMM B3
DIMM B4
DIMM C1
DIMM C2
DIMM C3
DIMM C4
DIMM A4
DIMM A3
DIMM A2
DIMM A1
Channel A
Channel B
Channel C
Branch 0
Channel D
Branch 1
Figure 5-7. Installing the Initial Four DIMMs
Note: The initial four DIMMs installed must be populated in the blue
slots: DIMM A1, DIMM B1, DIMM C1, and DIMM D1.
Note: Thermal requirement note: If x4 FBDIMMs are used, and
the FBDIMMs do not have thermal sensors, you must install DIMM
Blanks when installing less than 8 FBDIMMs. DIMM Blanks can be
ordered through your preferred distributor.
.
5-10
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Installing DIMMs
1. Make sure the clips at either end of the DIMM socket(s) are pushed outward
to the open position (see letter “A”).
2. Holding the DIMM by the edges, remove it from its anti-static package and
position the DIMM above the socket. Align the notch on the bottom edge of
the DIMM with the key in the DIMM socket. The arrow in the inset in Figure
22 is pointing to the key in the socket (see letter “B”).
3. Insert the bottom edge of the DIMM into the socket (see letter “C”).
4. When the DIMM is inserted, push down on the top edge of the DIMM until the
retaining clips snap into place (see letter “D”).
5. Make sure the clips are firmly in place (see letter “E”).
C
E
B
D
A
Figure 5-8. Installing the Memory
Removing DIMMs
Gently spread the retaining clips at each end of the socket. Holding the DIMM by
the edges, lift it from the socket, and store it in an anti-static package.
Supported Memory
The server board can support up to sixteen DDR2-667 or DDR2-800 Fully Buffered
DIMMs (FBD memory). Using 4GB GB DIMMs, the maximum supported memory
configuration will equal 64 GB of physical memory (validated).
Note: Fully populated, the NovaScale R421-E1 server board is
capable of supporting up to a maximum of 128 GB of memory using
8 GB FBDIMMs. However, as of the writing of this document, 8 GB
FBDIMMs have not been validated for use on this server board.
5-11
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Note: DDR2 DIMMs that are not fully buffered are NOT supported on
this server board.
Dimm Population Rules and Supported DIMM Configurations
Intel supported DIMM population configurations for this server board are shown in
the following table.
Supported and Validated configuration : Slot is populated
Supported but not validated configuration : Slot is populated
Slot is not populated
Branch 0
Channel A
Branch 1
Channel B
Channel C
Channel D
DIMM_D4
DIMM_D3
DIMM_D2
DIMM_D1
DIMM_C4
DIMM_C3
DIMM_C2
DIMM_C11
DIMM_B4
DIMM_B3
DIMM_B2
DIMM_B1
DIMM_A4
DIMM_A3
DIMM_A2
DIMM_A1
Sparing
Possible
No
No
No
No
Yes (0, 1)
Yes (0,1)
Yes (0, 1)
Notes:
•
Single channel mode is only tested and supported with a 512MB x8 FBDIMM
installed in DIMM Slot A1.
•
The supported memory configurations must meet population rules defined
below.
•
For best performance, the number of DIMMs installed should be balanced across
both memory branches. For Example: a four DIMM configuration will perform
better than a two DIMM configuration and should be installed in DIMM Slots
A1, B1, C1, and D1. An eight DIMM configuration will perform better then a
six DIMM configuration.
5-12
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
•
Although mixed DIMM capacities between channels is supported, Intel does not
validate DIMMs in mixed DIMM configurations.
DIMM population rules for this server board are as follows:
•
Within a branch, DIMMs must be populated in slot order starting with Slot 1 for
each channel, followed by slot 2, then slot 3 and ending with slot 4.
•
DIMMs must be populated in matching pairs across channels within a given
branch. Therefore, when populating DIMM pairs, the population order would
be as follows:
A1 & B1; C1 & D1; A2 & B2; C2 & D2; A3 & B3; C3 & D3; A4 & B4; C4 & D4
•
DIMMs that makeup a given pair must match with respect to size, speed, and
organization
•
DIMM size from one DIMM pair to another can be different. However, speed and
organization must be the same. For example: DIMM Pair A1 & B1 are populated
with x8 1GB DDR2-667 DIMMs. DIMM Pair C1 and D1 can be populated with
x8 2GB DDR2-667 DIMMs.
5-13
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
5-7
Adding PCI Cards
The instructions below describe how to install and remove a PCI add-in card.
Installing a PCI Add-in Card
1. Remove the filler panel from the add-in card slot.
2. Insert add-in card until it seats in riser card connector (see letter “A”).
3. Screw the add-in card in place (see letter “B”).
B
A
Figure 5-9. Installing a Full Height Add-in Card
Note: Make sure that all empty add-in card slots have filler panels
installed.
Removing a PCI Add-in Card
1. Remove the screw holding the add-in card in place (see letter “A”).
2. Remove the PCI add-in card from the riser card connector (see letter “B”).
A
B
Figure 5-10. Removing a Full Height Add-in Card
Note: Make sure that all empty add-in card slots have filler panels
installed.
5-14
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-8
Serverboard Details
A
B
C
D
E F
G
II
HH
GG
FF
EE
DD CC
BB
AA
Z
H
I
Y
X
W
V
U
J
T
K
S
R
Q
PO NM
L
A
Intel® RMM2 NIC
Connector
B
IO Module Option
Connector
C
POST Code Diagnostic
LEDs
D
PCI Express* Riser
Connector (x16 Gen2)
E
System Identification
LED - Blue
F
Status LED Green / Amber
G
External IO Connectors
H
FBDIMM Memory
Sockets
I
Serial 'B' Port Configuration Jumper
J
Processor 1 Socket
K
Processor 2 Socket
L
Bridge Board
Connector
M
SSI 24-pin Control
Panel Header
N
Fan Board Connector
O
CPU Power Connector
P
ATA-100 Optical
Drive Connector
(Power+IO)
Q
Main Power
Connector
R
Battery
S
Power Supply Management Connector
T
Dual Port USB 2.0
Header
U
SATA0
V
SATA1
W
SATA 2
X
SATA 3
Y
SATA 4
Z
SATA 5
AA SATA SW RAID 5 Activation Key Connector
BB
Intel® Remote Management Module 2 2
Connector
CC
BMC FRU Update
Jumper
DD CMOS Clear Jumper
EE
Password Clear
Jumper
FF
Chassis Intrusion
Switch Header
GG 3-pin IPMB Header
HH
4-pin IPMB Header
II
Serial 'A' Header
Figure 5-11. Serverboard Connector and Component Location
5-15
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
5-9
Connector Definitions
Power Connector (Backplane to Power Supply Harness)
The backplane provides power to the three hard drive bays and the slim-line drive
bay. An 8-pin power cable is routed from the power supply and plugs into a 2x4
shrouded plastic PC power connector on the backplane. The following table shows
the power connector pin-out.
Table 5-2. Backplane Power Connector Pin-out (J1B1)
Pin
Name
Pin
Name
1
Ground
5
+12V
2
Ground
6
+12V
3
+5V
7
5VSB
4
+5V
8
+3.3V
Control Panel USB Interface Connector (Backplane to
Control Panel)
The backplanes provide a pathway for control panel USB signals from the bridge
board connector to the control panel USB interface connector. The pin-out for the
10-pin control panel USB connector is shown in the following table.
Table 5-3. 1x10 Pin Control Panel USB Connector Pin-out (J6B1)
Pin#
Description
1
P5V_USB_P1
2
USB_P1N
3
USB_P1P
4
GROUND
5
GROUND
6
P5V_USB_P2
7
USB_P2N
8
USB_P2P
9
GROUND
10
GROUND
5-16
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
Hot-Swap SATA/SAS Drive Connectors
The backplanes provide three hot-swap SATA/SAS connectors, which provide power
and signals using a single docking connector. Each drive attaches to the backplane
using one of these connectors.
Table 5-4. SAS/SATA Hard Drive Connector Pin-out (J8N1, J6N1, J3N1)
Pin#
Signal Description
SI
Ground
S2
SAS#_TX_DP (# = 0…2)
S3
SAS#_TX_DN (# = 0…2)
S4
Ground
S5
SAS#_RX_DN (# = 0…2)
S6
SAS#_RX_DP (# = 0…2)
S7
Ground
S8
Not Used
S9
Not Used
S10
Not Used
S11
Not Used
S12
Not Used
S13
Not Used
S14
Not Used
P1
Not Used
P2
Not Used
P3
Not Used
P4
Ground
P5
Ground
P6
P3V3
P7
P5V
P8
P5V
P9
P5V
P10
Ground
P11
LED_SAS#_ACT_L (# = 0…2)
P12
Ground
P13
P12V
P14
P12V
P15
P12V
PTH0
Ground
PTY1
Ground
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
SATA/SAS Drive Control Connectors (Model 0 only)
The passive backplane includes three drive control connectors. These are used to
attach SATA/SAS cables from the backplane to either the SATA ports on the server
board, or to SAS/SATA ports from an add-in card. Each drive control connector
has the following pin-out..
Table 5-5. SAS/SATA Hard Drive Connector Pin-out (J3C1, J4B2, J4A1)
Pin#
Description
1
GROUND
2
SATA # TX_DP (# = 0,1,2)
3
SATA # TX_DN (# = 0,1,2)
4
GROUND
5
SATA # RX_DN (# = 0,1,2)
6
SATA # RX_DP (# = 0,1,2)
7
GROUND
USB Floppy Drive Connector
With a slim-line USB floppy drive installed (using the optional floppy drive kit) into
either the slim-line drive bay or in one of the hard drive bays, the USB floppy cable
is routed from the drive to a 4-pin connector on the backplane. The following table
provides the pin-out for the floppy drive connector.
Table 5-6. 4-pin Floppy Connector Pin-out (J2B1)
Pin#
Name
1
P5V_USB_P3
2
USBP3N
3
USBP3P
4
GROUND
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Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
System Fan Connectors
The backplanes provides a pathway for signals from the server board to monitor
and control five system fans. A 1x10 mini connector is provided for each of the fans.
The pin-out for each connector is provided in the following table.
Table 5-7. SAS/SATA Hard Drive Connector Pin-out (J3C1, J4B2, J4A1)
J9A5 - FAN_1
J8A1- FAN_2
J7A1- FAN_3
PIN SIGNAL NAME
PIN
SIGNAL NAME
PIN SIGNAL NAME
1
FAN_TACH5
1
FAN_TACH6
1
FAN_TACH7
2
FAN_PWM_CPU1
2
FAN_PWM_CPU1
2
FAN_PWM_CPU2
3
P12V
3
P12V
3
P12V
4
P12V
4
P12V
4
P12V
5
FAN_TACH1_H7
5
FAN_TACH2_H7
5
FAN_TACH3_H7
6
GND
6
GND
6
GND
7
GND
7
GND
7
GND
8
FAN_PRSNT1_N
8
FAN_PRSNT2_N
8
FAN_PRSNT3_N
9
LED_FAN1_FAULT
9
LED_FAN2_FAULT
9
LED_FAN3_FAULT
10
LED_FAN1
10
LED_FAN2
10
LED_FAN3
J6A1- FAN_4
J4B1- FAN_5
PIN SIGNAL NAME
PIN
SIGNAL NAME
1
FAN_TACH8
1
PCI_FAN_TACH10
2
FAN_PWM_CPU2
2
FAN_PWM3
3
P12V
3
P12V
4
P12V
4
P12V
5
FAN_TACH4_H7
5
FAN_TACH9
6
GND
6
GND
7
GND
7
GND
8
FAN_PRSNT4_N
8
FAN_PRSNT5_N
9
LED_FAN4_FAULT
9
LED_FAN5_FAULT
10
LED_FAN4
10
LED_FAN5
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
System Management Connectors
The backplanes provide connectors to interface with system management buses.
The following tables define the pin-out for each of these connectors.
Table 5-8. IPMB Connector Pin-out (J1C1)
Pin #
Description
1
SMB_IPMB_5VSB_DAT
2
GND
3
SMB_IPMB_5VSB_CLK
4
SMB_PWR_IPMB_CONN
Table 5-9. Add-in Card Connector Pin-out (J4B3 – Passive Only)
Pin #
Description
1
SMB_3V3_SAS_SDA
2
GND
3
SMB_3V3_SAS_SCL
Serial Port
One serial port is included on the serverboard: COM1 is a port located near the
back panel connector. See the following table for pin definitions.
Table 5-10. Serial Port Pin Definition (COM1)
Pin #
Definition
Pin #
Definition
1
DCD
6
DSR
2
RXD
7
RTS
3
TXD
8
CTS
4
DTR
9
RI
5
Ground
10
NC
Note: NC indicates no connection.
Ethernet NIC1, NIC2 Connectors
Two gigabit Ethernet ports (designated NIC1 and NIC2) are located near the back
panel connector on the I/O backplane. These ports accept RJ45 type cables.
NIC 1
NIC 2
5-20
Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
5-10 Jumper Settings
BIOS Select
J3H1
3
3
1-2: Force
Lower Bank
2-3: Normal
Operation (Default)
Jumper Name
Jumper Purpose
BIOS Select
If pins 1-2 are jumpered, the BIOS in the lower bank will be
selected on the next reset. These pins should be jumpered on
2-3 for normal operation.
Figure 5-11. BIOS Select Jumpers
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
BMC Force
Update Mode
Password
Reset
2
3
2
2
3
3
Disable
Enable
CMOS
Clear
Jumper Name
Jumper Purpose
CMOS Clear
If pins 2-3 are jumpered, the CMOS settings will be cleared
on the next reset. These pins should be jumpered on 1-2 for
normal operation.
Password Clear
If pins 2-3 are jumpered, administrator and user passwords will
be cleared on the next reset. These pins should be jumpered
on 1-2 for normal operation.
BMC Force Update Mode
If pins 2-3 are jumpered, BMC Force Update Mode is enabled.
These pins should be jumpered on 1-2 for normal operation.
Figure 5-12. Recovery Jumpers
5-11 Light Guided Diagnostics
The server board contains numerous LEDs providing the following functions:
•
Fault LEDs help identify failed and failing components. The fault LEDs turn on
(amber) if there is a memory or processor fault.
•
The System Status LED that shows the over all health of the system (green,
blinking green, blinking amber, amber).
•
POST Code Diagnostic LEDs change color or state (off, green, red, amber)
according to the POST sequence.
•
The ID LED helps identify the server from among several servers. The ID LED
is off by default, and blue when activated by button or software.
•
The 5V-STBY LED is always illuminated (green) when AC power is applied.
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Chapter 5: Advanced Serverboard Setup
B
C
A
D
G
E
F
POST Code Diagnostic LEDs
CPU 2 Fault LED
A ID LED
E CPU 1 Fault LED
B Status LED
F 5VSB LED
C Memory Fault LEDs
Figure 5-13. Light Guided Diagnostic LEDs
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
5-24
Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
Chapter 6. Advanced Chassis Setup
This chapter covers the steps required to install components and perform maintenance on the NovaScale R421-E1 chassis. For component installation, follow the
steps in the order given to eliminate the most common problems encountered. If
some steps are unnecessary, skip ahead to the step that follows. The only tool you
will need to install components and perform maintenance is a Philips screwdriver.
6-1
Devices
Static-Sensitive Devices
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) can damage electronic components. To prevent
damage to any printed circuit boards (PCBs), it is important to handle them very
carefully. The following measures are generally sufficient to protect your equipment
from ESD discharge.
Precautions
•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent static discharge.
•
Touch a grounded metal object before removing any board from its antistatic
bag.
•
Handle a board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral chips,
memory modules or gold contacts.
•
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching their pins.
•
Put the serverboard, add-on cards and peripherals back into their antistatic
bags when not in use.
•
For grounding purposes, make sure your computer chassis provides excellent
conductivity between the power supply, the case, the mounting fasteners and
the serverboard.
Unpacking
The serverboard is shipped in antistatic packaging to avoid static damage. When
unpacking the board, make sure the person handling it is static protected.
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Peripheral Devices
The server system provides locations and hardware for installing hard drives, a
USB floppy drive, and an optical drive. The drives must be purchased separately.
The following figure shows the available options.
A
B
D
C
A
Slimline drive bay (drive not included)
B
Control panel
C
Hard drive status LEDs (hot-swap
drives only)
D
Hard drive bays (drives not included)
Figure 6-1. Optional Peripherals
Rear of Server System
A
L
B
K
J
I
H
G F
E
C
D
A
PS2 mouse connector
G
USB 5 connector
B
PCI card bracket (full height)
H
Video connector
C
AC Power Receptacle
I
NIC 2 connector
D
Management Network Interface (optional)
J
NIC 1 connector
E
IO module external connector (optional)
K
RJ45 serial B port
F
USB 6 connector
L
PS2 keyboard connector
Figure 6-2. Server System Back
6-2
Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
6-2
Control Panel
Each control panel on the front of the chassis must be connected to the JF1 connector on its assiciated serverboard to provide you with system control buttons and
status indicators. (When viewed from the front of the chassis, the serverboard on
the left is referred to as the primary serverboard and the serverboard on the right
as the secondary.)
These wires have been bundled together in a ribbon cable to simplify the connection.
Connect the cable from JF1 on the serverboard to the control panel PCB (printed
circuit board). Make sure the red wire plugs into pin 1 on both connectors. Pull all
excess cabling out of the airflow path. The LEDs inform you of system status for
the serverboard it is connected to. See Chapter 3 for details on the LEDs and the
control panel buttons.
Your server must be operated with a control panel installed.
CAUTION: The control panel is NOT hot-swappable. Before
removing or replacing the control panel, you must first take the
server out of service, turn off all peripheral devices connected
to the system, turn off the system by pressing the power button,
and unplug the AC power cord from the system or wall outlet.
Replacing the Control Panel Module in the Model 0 Option
HS (Hot-swap Drive System)
1. Unplug the front panel and USB cables from the backplane (see letters “A”
and “B”).
2. Press the latch at the back of the control panel (see letter “C”).
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
A
C
B
D
Figure 6-3. Removing the Control Panel Module (Hot-swap Drive System)
3. Slide the control panel out through the front of the server system (see letter
“D”).
4. Slide the replacement control panel into the server system (see letter “A”)
until it clicks into place.
C
B
A
Figure 6-4. Installing the Control Panel Module into the Server System
(Hot-swap Drive System)
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Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
Replacing the Control Panel Module in the Model 0
(Fixed Drive System)
1. Unplug the USB cable from the server board (see letter “A”).
2. Unplug the front panel cable from the server board (see letter “B”).
3. Remove the cables from the retaining clip on the fan board (see letter “C”).
4. Press the latch at the back of the control panel (see letter “D”).
A
C
D
B
E
Figure 6-5. Removing the Control Panel Module (Fixed Drive System)
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
5. Slide the control panel out through the front of the server system (see letter
“E”).
6. Slide the replacement control panel into the server system (see letter “A”)
until it clicks into place.
7. Route the USB and front panel cables through the retaining clip on the fan
board (see letter “B”).
8. Connect the front panel cable to the connector on the server board (see letter
“C”).
D
B
C
A
Figure 6-6. Installing the Control Panel Module into the Server System
(Fixed Drive System)
6-6
Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
6-3
System Fans
Each serverboard has its own set of three 4-cm high-performance fans (for a total
of six in the chassis) to provide the cooling for the NovaScale R421-E1. Fan speed
may be controlled by a setting in BIOS (see Chapter 7).
System Fan Failure
If a fan fails, the remaining fans will ramp up to full speed and the overheat/fan fail
LED on the control panel will blink on and off. Replace any failed fan at your earliest
convenience with the same type and model (the system can continue to run with a
failed fan). Remove the top chassis cover while the system is still running to determine which of the fans has failed. Then power down the system before replacing a
fan. Removing the power cord is also recommended as a safety precaution.
CAUTION: The system fans operate at extremely fast speeds;
the fans are NOT hot-swappable. Before removing or replacing
a fan, you must first take the server out of service, turn off all
peripheral devices connected to the system, turn off the system
by pressing the power button, and unplug the AC power cord
from the system or wall outlet.
Note: The fans that are integrated into the power supply cannot be
replaced separately. If one of the fans in the power supply fails, the
power supply must be replaced.
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
The system fans at the front of the NovaScale R421-E1 can be individually replaced
if one of them fails. Use the steps below to replace a fan:
1. Disconnect the fan cable from the backplane or fan board (see letter “A”). Lift
the failed fan from the module (see letter “B”).
A
B
Figure 6-7. Removing a Fan from the Fan Module
2. Position the replacement fan so the connector on the fan is at the right and
pointing down.
3. With the fan oriented correctly, insert the fan into the fan module (see letter
“A”), and insert the fan cable into the matching connector on the backplane or
fan board (see letter “B”).
B
A
Figure 6-8. Installing a Fan into the Fan Module
6-8
Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
6-4
Drive Bay Installation/Removal
In the Model 0 Option HS (Hotswap Drives)
Up to three hot-swap SAS or SATA drives can be installed in the NovaScale
R421-E1 Model 0 option HS.
CAUTION: If you install less than three drives or devices, the
empty drive bays must be occupied by carriers with drive blanks
to maintain proper system cooling.
To avoid possible damage to your server system, use only the
drive carriers that came with your system.
Installing a SAS or SATA Hot-Swap Hard Disk Drive
1. Open the latch at the front of the hard drive carrier (see letter “A”).
2. Pull out on the black lever and slide the carrier from the server system (see
letter “B”).
B
A
Figure 6-9. Removing Hot-swap Disk Carrier from the Server System
3. Remove the four screws that attach the plastic retention device or the previously installed hard drive to the drive carrier (see letter “A”). Two screws are
at each side of the retention device or the hard drive. Remove the drive blank
(see letter “B”) and store it for future use.
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
B
A
Figure 6-10. Removing Drive Blank from Drive Carrier
4. Remove the hard drive from its wrapper and place it on an antistatic surface.
5. Set any jumpers and/or switches on the drive according to the drive manufacturer's instructions.
6. With the drive circuit-side down, position the connector end of the drive so
that it is facing the rear of the drive carrier.
7. Align the holes in the drive to the holes in the drive carrier and attach it to the
carrier with the screws that were attached to the drive blank.
B
A
B
Figure 6-11. Installing Hard Drive into Carrier
8. With the black lever in the fully open position, slide the drive assembly into
the server system. The green latch at the front of the drive carrier must be to
the right. Do not push on the black drive carrier lever until the lever begins to
close by itself.
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Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
9. When the black drive carrier lever begins to close by itself, push on it to lock
the drive assembly into place.
B
A
Figure 6-12. Install Drive Assembly into the Server System
Removing a SAS or SATA Hot-Swap Hard Disk Drive
1. Press in on the green latch at the front of the hard drive carrier. and pull out
on the black lever to slide the carrier from the server system.
2. Remove the four screws that attach the hard drive to the drive carrier. Lift the
drive from the carrier and store the drive in an anti-static bag.
3. If you are not installing a new drive, place the drive blank into the drive carrier, using the four screws you removed from the hard drive.
4. With the black lever in the fully open position, slide the drive carrier into the
server system. The green latch must be to the right. Do not push on the black
lever until the lever begins to close by itself.
Note: All hard drive carriers must be installed in the server system
and populated with either a drive or a drive blank to maintain system
thermals.
5. When the black lever begins to close by itself, push on it to lock the drive
carrier into place.
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
In the Model 0 (Fixed Hard Drives)
Up to two fixed SATA hard drives can be installed in the NovaScale R421-E1
Model 0.
CAUTION: Fixed mount hard drives are NOT hot-swappable.
Before removing or replacing the drive, you must first take the
server out of service, turn off all peripheral devices connected
to the system, turn off the system by pressing the power button,
and unplug the AC power cord from the system or wall outlet.
Note: The extraction of fixed mount hard drives can only be performed by accessing the drive carrier latch from inside the chassis.
Installing a Fixed Hard Disk Drive
1. Unlatch drive carrier from drive bay by pressing the latch at the end of the
black drive rail and remove the hard drive carrier from the server system.
2. Remove the four screws securing the drive blank in place. Save the screws;
you will use them to install the hard drive into the carrier.
Figure 6-13. Removing the Drive Blank from the Fixed Hard Drive Carrier
3. Install the hard drive into the hard drive carrier using four screws (see the
figure below).
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Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
Figure 6-14. Installing Fixed Hard Drive into the Carrier
4. Install the hard drive carrier into the server system until it clicks into place.
Note: All hard drive carriers must be installed in the server system
and populated with either a drive or a drive blank to maintain system
thermals.
5. Connect power to hard drive(s).
6. Connect SATA cables between the hard drive(s) and the server board.
Installing a Fixed Hard Disk Drive
1. Disconnect all cables to the hard drive(s).
2. Unlatch drive carrier from drive bay by pressing the latch at the end of the
black drive rail and remove the hard drive carrier(s) from the server system.
3. Remove the four screws that attach the hard drive to the carrier. Remove the
drive from the carrier and store the drive in an anti-static bag.
Figure 6-15. Removing Fixed Hard Drive from the Server System
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
4. If replacing the hard drive, install the replacement drive using the four screws
you just removed. For instructions, see “Installing a Fixed Hard Disk Drive”.
5. If the hard drive will not be replaced, install a drive blank into the carrier using
the four screws you just removed.
6. Install the hard drive carrier into the server system until it clicks into place..
6-5
Power Supply
CAUTION: The power supply is not hot-swappable. Before
removing or replacing the power supply, you must first take the
server out of service, turn off all peripheral devices connected
to the system, turn off the system by pressing the power button,
and unplug the AC power cord from the system or wall outlet.
The power supply can be replaced if it fails or if one of the fans that is integrated
into it fails. To replace the power supply, use the following instructions.
1. Disconnect all power cables.
2. Lift the power supply to disengage it from the latch (see letter “A”) and remove the power supply by sliding it out (see letter “B”).
B
A
connect
all powercables
eandreconnect
ACpowercord
Figure 6-16. Removing Power Supply from the Server System
6-14
Chapter 6: Advanced Chassis Setup
3. Insert the replacement power supply module (see letter “A”) until it clicks into
place behind the latch (see letter “B”). Reconnect all power cables.
A
B
onnect all power cables
and reconnect AC power cord
Figure 6-17. Installing Power Supply into the Server System
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
6-16
Chapter 7: BIOS
Chapter 7. BIOS
7-1
Using the BIOS Setup Utility
This section describes the BIOS Setup Utility options, which is used to change
server configuration defaults. You can run BIOS Setup with or without an operating system being present. See “Server System References” for a link to the Intel®
Server Board S5400SF Technical Product Specification where you will find details
about specific BIOS setup screens.
Starting Setup
You can enter and start BIOS Setup under several conditions:
•
When you turn on the server, after POST completes the memory test.
•
When you have moved the CMOS jumper on the server board to the "Clear
CMOS" position (enabled).
In the two conditions listed above, during the Power On Self Test (POST), you will
see this prompt:
Press <F2> to enter SETUP
In a third condition, when CMOS/NVRAM has been corrupted, you will see other
prompts but not the <F2> prompt:
Warning: CMOS checksum invalid
Warning: CMOS time and date not set
In this condition, the BIOS will load default values for CMOS and attempt to boot.
If You Cannot Access Setup
If you are not able to access BIOS Setup, you might need to clear the CMOS
memory. For instructions on clearing the CMOS, see "Clearing the CMOS".
Setup Menus
Each BIOS Setup menu page contains a number of features. Except for those features that are provided only to display automatically configured information, each
feature is associated with a value field that contains user-selectable parameters.
These parameters can be changed if the user has adequate security rights. If a value
cannot be changed for any reason, the feature's value field is inaccessible.
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
“Setup Menu Key Use” describes the keyboard commands you can use in the
BIOS Setup menus
Table 7-1. Setup Menu Key Use
Key to Press
Description
<F1>
Pressing <F1> on any menu invokes the general help
window.
Left and right arrows
The left and right arrow keys are used to move between the
major menu pages. The keys have no affect if a submenu
or pick list is displayed.
Up arrow
Select Item up - The up arrow is used to select the previous value in a menu item's option list, or a value field pick
list. Pressing the <Enter> key activates the selected item.
Down arrow
Select Item down - The down arrow is used to select the
next value in a menu item's option list, or a value field pick
list. Pressing the <Enter> key activates the selected item.
<F5> or <->
Change Value - The minus key or the <F5> function key is
used to change the value of the current item to the previous
value. This key scrolls through the values in the associated
pick list without displaying the full list.
<F6> or <+>
Change Value - The plus key or the <F6> function key is
used to change the value of the current menu item to the
next value. This key scrolls through the values in the associated pick list without displaying the full list. On 106-key
Japanese keyboards, the plus key has a different scan
code than the plus key on the other keyboard, but it has the
same effect.
<Enter>
Execute Command - The <Enter> key is used to activate
submenus when the selected feature is a submenu, or to
display a pick list if a selected feature has a value field,
or to select a sub-field for multi-valued features like time
and date. If a pick list is displayed, the <Enter> key will
undo the pick list, and allow another selection in the parent
menu.
7-2
Chapter 7: BIOS
<Esc>
Exit - The <Esc> key provides a mechanism for backing out
of any field. This key will undo the pressing of the <Enter>
key. When the <Esc> key is pressed while editing any field
or selecting features of a menu, the parent menu is reentered. When the <Esc> key is pressed in any submenu,
the parent menu is re-entered. When the <Esc> key is
pressed in any major menu, the exit confirmation window is
displayed and the user is asked whether changes can be
discarded.
<F9>
Setup Defaults - Pressing <F9> causes the following to
appear:
Setup Confirmation
Load default configuration now?
[Yes] [No]
If "Yes" is selected and the <Enter> key is pressed, all
Setup fields are set to their default values. If "No" is
selected and the <Enter> key is pressed, or if the <Esc>
key is pressed, the user is returned to where they were
before <F9> was pressed without affecting any existing field
values.:
<F10>
Save and Exit - Pressing <F10> causes the following message to appear:
Setup Confirmation
Save Configuration changes and exit now?
[Yes] [No]
If "Yes" is selected and the <Enter> key is pressed, all
changes are saved and Setup is exited. If "No" is selected and the <Enter> key is pressed, or the <Esc> key
is pressed, the user is returned to where they were before
<F10> was pressed without affecting any existing values.
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
7-2
Upgrading the BIOS
The upgrade utility allows you to upgrade the BIOS in flash memory. The code and
data in the upgrade file include the following:
•
•
•
•
•
On-board system BIOS, including the recovery code, BIOS Setup Utility, and
strings.
On-board video BIOS, and other option ROMs for devices embedded on the
server board.
OEM binary area
Microcode
A way to change the BIOS language.
Preparing for the Upgrade
The steps below explain how to prepare to upgrade the BIOS, including how to
record the current BIOS settings and how to obtain the upgrade utility.
Recording the Current BIOS Settings
1. Boot the computer and press <F2> when you see the message:
Press <F2> Key if you want to run SETUP
2. Write down the current settings in the BIOS Setup program.
Note: Do not skip step 2. You will need these settings to configure
your server at the end of the procedure.
Obtaining the Upgrade
Download the BIOS image file to a temporary folder on your hard drive. See “Server
System References” for a link to the update software.
Note: Review the instructions and release notes that are provided in
the readme file distributed with the BIOS image file before attempting a BIOS upgrade. The release notes contain critical information
regarding jumper settings, specific fixes, or other information to
complete the upgrade.
7-4
Chapter 7: BIOS
Upgrading the BIOS
Follow the instructions in the readme file that came with the BIOS upgrade. When
the update completes, remove the bootable media from which you performed the
upgrade.
CAUTION: Do not power down the system during the BIOS update process! Doing so may corrupt the system BIOS.
Note: You may encounter a CMOS Checksum error or other problem
after reboot. If this happens, shut down the system and boot it again.
CMOS checksum errors require that you enter Setup, check your settings, save your settings, and exit Setup.
7-3
Clearing the CMOS and resetting the Password
Clearing the CMOS
If you are not able to access the BIOS setup screens, the CMOS Clear jumper will
need to be used to reset the configuration RAM.
1. Power down the system; do not disconnect the AC power.
2. Open the server.
3. Move the jumper from the normal operation position, CMOS Protect at pins 1
and 2, to the CMOS Clear Force Erase position, covering pins 2 and 3.
BMC Force
Update Mode
Password
Reset
2
3
2
2
3
3
Disable
Enable
CMOS
Clear
Figure 7-1. Clear CMOS Jumper
7-5
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
4. Wait five seconds.
5. Return the CMOS Clear jumper to the CMOS Protect location, covering pins
1 and 2.
6. Close the server chassis.
7. Power up the system.
8. The CMOS is now cleared and can be reset by going into the BIOS setup.
Resetting the Password
If the user or administrator password(s) is lost or forgotten, moving the password
reset jumper into the "clear" position clears both passwords. The password reset
jumper must be restored to its original position before a new password(s) can be
set.
1. Power down the system; do not disconnect the AC power.
2. Open the server system.
3. Move the jumper from the normal operation position, Password Clear Protect,
at pins 1 and 2 to the Password Clear Erase position, covering pins 2 and 3.
BMC Force
Update Mode
Password
Reset
2
3
2
2
3
3
Disable
Enable
CMOS
Clear
Figure 7-2. Password Reset Jumper
7-6
Chapter 7: BIOS
4. Wait five seconds.
5. Return the Password Reset jumper to the Password Clear Protect position,
covering pins 1 and 2.
6. Close the server system.
7. Power up the server.
8. The password is now cleared and can be reset by going into BIOS setup.
7-4
Advanced Setup
The following sections describe the screens available for the configuration of a
server platform. In these sections, tables are used to describe the contents of each
screen. These tables follow the following guidelines:
•
The text and values in the Setup Item, Options, and Help columns in the tables
are displayed on the BIOS Setup screens.
•
Bold text in the Options column of the tables indicates default values. These
values are not displayed in bold on the setup screen. The bold text in this document is to serve as a reference point.
•
The Comments column provides additional information where it may be helpful.
This information does not appear in the BIOS Setup screens.
•
Information in the screen shots that is enclosed in brackets (< >) indicates text
that varies, depending on the option(s) installed. For example <Current Date>
is replaced by the actual current date.
•
Information that is enclosed in square brackets ([ ]) in the tables indicates areas where the user needs to type in text instead of selecting from a provided
option.
•
Whenever information is changed (except Date and Time) the systems requires
a save and reboot to take place. Pressing <ESC> will discard the changes and
boot the system according to the boot order set from the last boot.
7-7
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Main Screen
The Main screen is the screen that is first displayed when BIOS Setup is entered,
unless an error has occurred. If an error has occurred, the Error Manager screen
will be displayed instead.
Main
Advanced
Security
Server Management
Boot Options
Logged in as <Administrator or User>
<Platform Identification String>
Platform ID
System BIOS
Version
S5400.86B.xx.yy.zzzz
Build Date
<MM/DD/YYYY>
Processor
Intel® Xeon® CPU
Core Frequency
<Current Operating Frequency>
Count
<#>
Memory
Size
<How much memory is installed>
Quiet Boot
Enabled/Disabled
POST Error Pause
Enabled/Disabled
System Date
<Current Date>
System Time
<Current Time>
Figure 7-3. Setup Utility — Main Screen Display
7-8
Boot
Chapter 7: BIOS
Table 7-2. Setup Utility — Main Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Comments
Logged in as
Information only.
Displays password level
that setup is running in,
Administrator or User.
With no passwords set
Administrator is the default
mode.
Platform ID
Information only.
Displays the Platform ID.
(example: S5400SF)
System BIOS
Version
Information only.
Displays the current BIOS
version.
xx = major version
yy = minor version
zzzz = build number
Build Date
Information only.
Displays the current BIOS
build date.
Processor
<ID string from the
Processor>
Information only.
Displays Intel processor
name and the speed of
the CPU. This information
is retrieved from the
processor.
Core Frequency
Information only.
Displays the current speed
of the boot processor in
GHz or MHz.
Count
Information only. Number
of physical processors
detected.
Memory
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Size
Quiet Boot
Comments
Information only.
Displays the total physical
memory installed in the
system, in MB or GB. The
term physical memory
indicates the total memory
discovered in the form of
installed FBDIMMs.
Enabled
Disabled
[Enabled] –
Display the logo
screen during
POST.
[Disabled] – Display the diagnostic screen during
POST.
POST Error Pause
Enabled
Disabled
[Enabled] – Go
to the Error
Manager for
critical POST
errors.
[Disabled] –
Attempt to boot
and do not go
to the Error
Manager for
critical POST
errors.
System Date
[Day of
week MM/
DD/YYYY]
System Date
has configurable
fields for Month,
Day, and Year.
Use [Enter] or
[Tab] key to
select the next
field.
Use [+] or [-] key
to modify the
selected field.
7-10
The POST error pause
will take the system to the
error manager to review
the errors when Major
errors occur. Minor and
Fatal error displays are not
affected by this setting.
Chapter 7: BIOS
Setup Item
System Time
Options
Help Text
[HH:MM:SS]
System Time
has configurable
fields for Hours,
Minutes, and
Seconds.
Hours are in 24hour format.
Use [Enter] or
[Tab] key to
select the next
field.
Use [+] or [-] key
to modify the
selected field.
7-11
Comments
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Advanced Screen
The Advanced screen provides an access point to configure several options. On
this screen, the user selects the option that is to be configured. Configurations are
performed on the selected screen, not directly on the Advanced screen.
To access this screen from the Main screen, press the right arrow until the Advanced
screen is chosen.
Main
Advanced
Security
Server Management
Boot Options
Boot Manager
► Processor Configuration
► Memory Configuration
► ATA Controller Configuration
► Mass Storage Controller Configuration
► Serial Port Configuration
► USB Configuration
► PCI Configuration
► System Acoustic and Performance Configuration
Figure 7-4. Setup Utility — Advanced Screen Display
Table 7-3. Setup Utility — Advanced Screen Display Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Processor Configuration
View/Configure processor information and
settings.
Memory Configuration
View/Configure memory information and
settings.
ATA Controller Configuration
View/Configure ATA Controller information
and settings.
Mass Storage Controller Configuration
View/Configure mass storage controller
information and settings.
Serial Port Configuration
View/Configure serial port information and
settings.
USB Configuration
View/Configure USB information and
settings.
PCI Configuration
View/Configure PCI information and
settings.
System Acoustic and Performance
Configuration
View/Configure system acoustic and
performance information and settings.
7-12
Comments
Chapter 7: BIOS
Processor Screen
The Processor screen provides a place for the user to view the processor core
frequency, system bus frequency, and enable or disable several processor options.
The user can also select an option to view information about a specific processor.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Advanced | Processor.
Advanced
Processor Configuration
Core Count
<Total Number of Cores>
Core Frequency
<Current Processor Frequency>
System Bus Frequency
<Current FSB Frequency>
Enhanced Intel® SpeedStep Tech
Enabled / Disabled
Core Multi-processing
Enabled / Disabled
Intel® Virtualization Technology
Enabled/ Disabled
Intel® VT for Directed I/O
Enabled / Disabled
Simulated MSI Support
Enabled / Disabled
Execute Disable Bit
Enabled / Disabled
Hardware Prefetcher
Enabled / Disabled
Adjacent cache line prefetch
Enabled / Disabled
Processor Re-Test
Enabled / Disabled
► Processor 1 Information
► Processor 2 Information
Figure 7-5. Setup Utility — Processor Configuration Screen Display
7-13
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Table 7-4. Setup Utility — Processor Configuration Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Comments
Core Count
Information only. Total
number of processor cores
in the system
Core Frequency
Information only.
Frequency at which
processors currently run.
System Bus Frequency
Information only. Current
frequency of the processor
front side bus.
Enhanced Intel®
SpeedStep Technology
Enabled
Disabled
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep®
Technology allows the system
to dynamically adjust processor
voltage and core frequency, which
can result in decreased average
power consumption and decreased
average heat production.
Contact your OS vendor regarding
OS support of this feature.
Core Multi-processing
Enabled
Disabled
Core Multi-processing sets the
state of logical processor cores in
a package. [Disabled] sets only
logical processor core 0 as enabled
in each processor package.
Note: If disabled, HyperThreading Technology will also be
automatically disabled.»
Intel® Virtualization
Technology
Enabled
Disabled
Intel® Virtualization Technology
allows a platform to run multiple
operating systems and applications
in independent partitions.
Note: A change to this option
requires the system to be powered
off and then back on before the
setting will take effect.
Intel® Virtualization
Technology for Directed
I/O
Enabled
Disabled
Simulated MSI Support
Enabled
Disabled
Enable/Disable Intel® Virtualization
Technology for Directed I/O. Report
the I/O device assignment to VMM
through DMAR ACPI Tables
Enable or Disable simulation of
Message Signaled Interrupt (MSI)
support.
This feature can be Enabled in the
case where there is no OS support
for Message Signaled Interrupts.
Execute Disable Bit
Enabled
Disabled
Execute Disable Bit can help
prevent certain classes of malicious
buffer overflow attacks.
Contact your OS vendor regarding
OS support of this feature.
Hardware Prefetcher
Enabled
Disabled
Hardware Prefetcher is a
speculative prefetch unit within the
processor(s).
Note: Modifying this setting may
affect system performance.
7-14
When VT is disabled this
question will be hidden.
Chapter 7: BIOS
Setup Item
Options
Adjacent Cache Line
Enabled
Prefetch
Disabled
Help Text
Comments
[Enabled] - Cache lines are fetched
in pairs (even line + odd line).
[Disabled] - Only the current cache
line required is fetched.
Note: Modifying this setting may
affect system performance.
Processor Retest
Enabled
Disabled
Activate and retest all processors
during next boot only.
Note: This option will automatically
reset to [Disabled] on the next boot,
after all processors are retested.
Processor 1 Information
View Processor 1 information
Select to view information
about processor 1. This
takes the user to a different
screen.
Processor 2 Information
View Processor 2 information
Select to view information
about processor 2. This
takes the user to a different
screen.
Processor #n Information Screen
The Processor # Information screen provides a place for the user to view information
about a specific processor.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Advanced | Processor | Processor
# Information, where # is the processor number you want to see.
Advanced
Processor <#> Information
Processor <#> Family
<String from Processor>
Maximum Frequency
<Maximum Processor Speed Possible>
L2 Cache RAM
<Size of the cache>
Processor Stepping
<Stepping # of this processor>
CPUID Register
<CPUID>
Figure 7-6. Setup Utility — Specific Processor Information Screen Display
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Table 7-5. Setup Utility — Specific Processor Information Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Comments
Processor <#> Family
Information only. Identifies family or generation of the
processor.
Maximum Frequency
Information only. Maximum frequency the processor core
supports.
L2 Cache RAM
Information only. Size of the processor L2 cache.
Processor Stepping
Information only. Stepping number of the processor.
CPUID Register
Information only. CPUID register value identifies details
about the processor family, model, and stepping.
7-16
Chapter 7: BIOS
Memory Screen
The Memory screen provides a place for the user to view details about the system
memory FBDIMMs that are installed. On this screen, the user can select an option
to open the Configure Memory RAS and Performance screen.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Advanced | Memory.
Note: the following screenshot is for reference purposes only. The
actual BIOS setup screen will accurately reflect the number of DIMM
slots found on the server board.
Advanced
Memory Configuration
Total Memory
<Total Physical Memory Installed in System>
Effective Memory
<Total Effective Memory>
Current Configuration
<Maximum Performance Mode/Single-channel Mode/ SingleDIMM Sparing Mode/Dual-DIMM Sparing Mode>
Current Memory Speed
<Speed that installed memory is running at.>
► Memory RAS and Performance Configuration
DIMM Information
DIMM_A1
Installed/Not Installed/Failed/Disabled/Spare Unit
DIMM_A2
Installed/Not Installed/Failed/Disabled/Spare Unit
DIMM_B1
Installed/Not Installed/Failed/Disabled/Spare Unit
DIMM_B2
Installed/Not Installed/Failed/Disabled/Spare Unit
DIMM_C1
Installed/Not Installed/Failed/Disabled/Spare Unit
DIMM_C2
Installed/Not Installed/Failed/Disabled/Spare Unit
DIMM_D1
Installed/Not Installed/Failed/Disabled/Spare Unit
DIMM_D2
Installed/Not Installed/Failed/Disabled/Spare Unit
Figure 7-7. Setup Utility — Memory Configuration Screen Display
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Table 7-6. Setup Utility — Memory Configuration Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Comments
Total Memory
Information only. The amount of memory
available in the system in the form of
installed FBDIMMs, in units of MB or GB.
Effective Memory
Information only. The amount of memory
effective in MB or GB.
The Effective Memory is the difference
between Total Physical Memory and the
sum of all memory reserved for internal
usage, RAS redundancy and SMRAM. This
difference includes the sum of all FBDIMMs
that failed Memory BIST during POST, or
were disabled by the BIOS during memory
discovery phase in order to optimize memory
configuration.
Current Configuration
Information only. Displays one of the
following:
Maximum Performance Mode: System
memory is configured for optimal
performance and efficiency and no RAS
is enabled.
•
Current Memory
Speed
Memory RAS
and Performance
Configuration
Single-Channel Mode: System memory
is functioning in a special, reduced
efficiency mode.
Information only. Displays speed the
memory is running at.
Configure memory RAS
(Reliability, Availability,
and Serviceability) and
view current memory
performance information and settings.
DIMM_#
Select to configure the memory RAS and
performance. This takes the user to a
different screen.
Displays the state of each DIMM socket
present on the board. Each DIMM socket
field reflects one of the following possible
states:
Installed: There is a FBDIMM installed
in this slot.
Not Installed: There is no FBDIMM
installed in this slot.
Disabled: The FBDIMM installed in this
slot has been disabled by the BIOS in
order to optimize memory configuration.
Failed: The FBDIMM installed in this slot
is faulty / malfunctioning.
Spare Unit: The FBDIMM is functioning
as a spare unit for memory RAS
purposes.
7-18
Chapter 7: BIOS
Memory RAS and Performance Configuration Screen
The Configure Memory RAS and Performance screen provides fields to customize
several memory configuration options, such as whether to use Memory Sparing.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Advanced | Memory | Configure
Memory RAS and Performance.
Advanced
Memory RAS and Performance Configuration
Capabilities
Memory Sparing Possible
Yes / No
Select Memory RAS Configuration
RAS Disabled/ Sparing
Snoop Filter
Disabled/ Enabled
FSB High Bandwidth Optimization
Disabled/ Enabled
Figure 7-8. Setup Utility — Configure RAS and Performance Screen Display
Table 7-7. Setup Utility — Configure RAS and Performance Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Memory Sparing
Possible
Yes / No
Select Memory
RAS Configuration
RAS Disabled/
Sparing
Help Text
Comments
Information only
Available modes depend on the
current memory population.
[RAS Disabled] - Optimizes
system performance.
[Sparing] - Improves reliability
by reserving memory for use
as a replacement in the event
of DIMM failure.
Provides options for configuring
Memory RAS.
The BIOS will dynamically configure
this menu to display only those RAS
modes that can be supported with
the current layout and positioning
of the FBDIMMs on the board. If no
RAS mode is possible for the current
FBDIMM configuration/layout, this
setup item will not provided.
RAS Disabled: The default in
normal mode of operation. In
this mode, no Memory RAS is
supported.
Sparing: Available and
displayed only when the
FBDIMM population can support
memory sparing.
Snoop Filter
Enabled
Disabled
The Snoop Filter component
monitors and controls the data
transactions between memory
and the processor(s).
7-19
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Setup Item
FSB High
Bandwidth
Optimization
Options
Help Text
Enabled
[Enabled] – Optimize Front
Side Bus for higher bandwidth
when 1333 MHz FSB
processor(s) installed.
Disabled
Note: Some applications
will benefit from this option
[Enabled]. Configure based on
performance results.
Comments
Configure based on performance
results.
Must have processor(s) installed
with1333 MHz Front Side Bus
frequency.
ATA Controller Screen
The ATA Controller screen provides fields to configure PATA and SATA hard disk
drives. It also provides information on the hard disk drives that are installed.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Advanced | ATA Controller.
Advanced
ATA Controller Configuration
Onboard PATA Controller
Enabled / Disabled
Onboard SATA Controller
Enabled / Disabled
SATA Mode
Enhanced / Legacy
Legacy IDE Channel
SATA Only / Secondary SATA / Primary SATA / PATA Only
AHCI Mode
Enabled / Disabled
Configure SATA as RAID
Enabled / Disabled
► Primary IDE Master
Not Installed/<Drive Info.>
► Primary IDE Slave
Not Installed/<Drive Info.>
► SATA Port 0
Not Installed/<Drive Info.>
► SATA Port 1
Not Installed/<Drive Info.>
► SATA Port 2
Not Installed/<Drive Info.>
► SATA Port 3
Not Installed/<Drive Info.>
► SATA Port 4
Not Installed/<Drive Info.>
► SATA Port 5
Not Installed/<Drive Info.>
Figure 7-9. Setup Utility — ATA Controller Configuration Screen Display
7-20
Chapter 7: BIOS
Table 7-8. Setup Utility — ATA Controller Configuration Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Comments
Onboard PATA
Enabled
Onboard Parallel ATA (PATA)
Controller
Disabled
controller.
Onboard SATA
Enabled
Onboard Serial ATA (SATA)
When enabled, the SATA
controller.
controller can be configured
Controller
Disabled
in IDE, RAID, or AHCI Mode.
RAID and AHCI modes are
mutually exclusive.
SATA Mode
Enhanced
Legacy
[Enhanced] - Configures all
In Legacy Mode, BIOS can
SATA ports as individual ports.
enumerate only four drives. It
This is also known as native
provides four options to choose
mode.
a mix of SATA and PATA drives
(see Legacy IDE Channel
[Legacy] - Configures SATA
ports to be primary and/or
secondary channels. This is
also known as compatibility
option below).
In Enhanced Mode, the BIOS
is not limited to legacy PATA
four-drive limitations, and can
enumerate the two PATA drives
mode.
and four SATA drives (totaling
six drives) regardless of AHCI
mode, and can list/boot to the
remaining two SATA drives as
well with AHCI Support.
AHCI and RAID Modes
are supported only when
SATA Mode is selected as
“Enhanced”.
Legacy IDE
SATA Only
[SATA Only] - Master/slave for
Displayed only when Legacy is
Channel
Secondary SATA
primary are SATA port 0/2. For
chosen for the SATA Mode.
Primary SATA
PATA Only
secondary they are port 1/3.
[Secondary SATA] - Master/
slave for primary are PATA.
For secondary they are SATA
port 1/3.
[Primary SATA] - Master/slave
for primary are SATA port 0/2.
For secondary they are PATA.
[PATA Only] - Master/slave for
primary are PATA. SATA ports
are disabled.
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Setup Item
AHCI Mode
Options
Help Text
Comments
Enabled
Advanced Host Controller
Unavailable if the SATA mode
Disabled
Interface (AHCI) option ROM
is “Legacy” or if RAID Mode is
will enumerate all AHCI devices
selected.
connected to the SATA ports.
When AHCI is enabled:
Contact your OS vendor
The identification and
regarding OS support of this
feature.
configuration is left to the AHCI
Option ROM. Only devices
supported by the AHCI Option
ROM will be displayed in
setup (SATA HDD and SATA
CDROM) other devices are
available in the OS after their
drivers are loaded.
SATA 4 and SATA 5 will appear
in the HDD information listing.
Configure SATA
Enabled
SATA controller will be in RAID
Unavailable when AHCI mode
as RAID
Disabled
mode and the Intel® RAID for
is enabled. This mode can be
Serial ATA option ROM will
selected only when the SATA
execute.
controller is in Enhanced Mode.
When this mode is enabled,
no SATA drive information is
displayed.
Primary IDE
<Not Installed / Drive
Master
information>
Primary IDE
< Not Installed / Drive
Slave
information>
SATA Port 0
< Not Installed / Drive
Information only; Unavailable
information>
when RAID Mode is enabled.
< Not Installed / Drive
Information only; This field is
information>
unavailable when RAID Mode
SATA Port 1
Information only
Information only
is enabled.
SATA Port 2
< Not Installed / Drive
Information only; This field is
information>
unavailable when RAID Mode
is enabled.
SATA Port 3
< Not Installed / Drive
Information only; This field is
information>
unavailable when RAID Mode
is enabled.
SATA Port 4
< Not Installed / Drive
Information only; This field is
information>
only available when AHCI Mode
is enabled.
SATA Port 5
< Not Installed / Drive
Information only; This field is
information>
only available when AHCI Mode
is enabled.
7-22
Chapter 7: BIOS
Mass Storage Controller Screen
The Mass Storage screen provides fields to configure when a SAS controller is
present on the baseboard, mid-plane or backplane of an Intel® system.
To access this screen from the Main menu, select Advanced | Mass Storage.
Advanced
Mass Storage Controller Configuration
SAS Controller
Enabled / Disabled
Configure SAS as SW RAID
Enabled / Disabled
Figure 7-10. Setup Utility — Mass Storage Controller Configuration Screen
Display
Table 7-9. Setup Utility — Mass Storage Controller Configuration Screen Fields
Setup Item
SAS Controller
Options
Enabled
Disabled
Configure SAS as SW
RAID
Enabled
Disabled
Help Text
Comments
Enable or Disable the onboard
Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
Controller.
SAS ports will be configured for
Intel® Embedded Server RAID
Technology.
7-23
Unavailable if device is disabled
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Serial Ports Screen
The Serial Ports screen provides fields to configure the Serial A [COM 1] and Serial B [COM2].
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Advanced | Serial Port.
Advanced
Serial Port Configuration
Serial A Enable
Enabled/Disabled
Address
3F8h / 2F8h / 3E8h / 2E8h
IRQ
3 or 4
Serial B Enable
Enabled/Disabled
Address
3F8h / 2F8h / 3E8h / 2E8h
IRQ
3 or 4
Figure 7-11. Setup Utility — Serial Port Configuration Screen Display
Table 7-10. Setup Utility — Serial Port Configuration Screen Fields
Setup
Item
Options
Serial A
Enable
Enabled
Address
3F8h
Help Text
Enable or Disable Serial port A.
Disabled
Select Serial port A base I/O address.
2F8h
3E8h
2E8h
IRQ
3
Select Serial port A base interrupt request (IRQ) line.
4
Serial B
Enable
Enabled
Address
3F8h
Enable or Disable Serial port B.
Disabled
Select Serial port B base I/O address.
2F8h
3E8h
2E8h
IRQ
3
Select Serial port B base interrupt request (IRQ) line.
4
7-24
Comments
Chapter 7: BIOS
USB Configuration Screen
The USB Configuration screen provides fields to configure the USB controller options.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Advanced | USB Configuration.
Advanced
USB Configuration
Detected USB Devices
<Total USB Devices in System>
USB Controller
Enabled / Disabled
Legacy USB Support
Enabled / Disabled / Auto
Port 60/64 Emulation
Enabled / Disabled
USB Mass Storage Device Configuration
Device Reset timeout
10 sec / 20 sec / 30 sec / 40 sec
Storage Emulation
<Mass storage devices one line/device>
Auto / Floppy/Forced FDD/Hard Disk/CD-ROM
USB 2.0 controller
Enabled / Disabled
Figure 7-12. Setup Utility — USB Controller Configuration Screen Display
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Table 7-11. Setup Utility — USB Controller Configuration Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Detected USB
Devices
USB
Controller
Comments
Information only: shows
number of USB devices in
system
Enabled
Disabled
[Enabled] - All onboard USB controllers will
be turned on and accessible by the OS.
[Disabled] - All onboard USB controllers will
be turned off and inaccessible by the OS.
Legacy USB
Support
Enabled
Disabled
PS/2 emulation for USB keyboard and
USB mouse devices.
Auto
[Auto] - Legacy USB support will be
enabled if a USB device is attached.
Port 60/64
Emulation
Enabled
I/O port 60h/64h emulation support.
Disabled
Note: This may be needed for legacy USB
keyboard support when using an OS that is
USB unaware.
Device Reset
timeout
10 sec
20 sec
USB Mass storage device Start Unit
command timeout.
30 sec
40 sec
Storage Emulation
One line for
each mass
storage device
in system
Auto
Floppy
[Auto] - USB devices less than 530MB will
be emulated as floppy.
Forced FDD
Hard Disk
CD-ROM
USB 2.0
controller
Header for next line.
Enabled
Disabled
[Forced FDD] - HDD formatted drive will be
emulated as FDD (e.g., ZIP drive).
This setup screen can show a
maximum of 8 devices on this
screen. If more than 8 devices
are installed in the system, the
‘USB Devices Enabled’ will
show the correct count, but
only the first 8 devices can be
displayed here.
Onboard USB ports will be enabled to
support USB 2.0 mode.
Contact your OS vendor regarding OS
support of this feature.
PCI Screen
The PCI Screen provides fields to configure PCI add-in cards, the onboard NIC
controllers, and video options.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Advanced | PCI.
7-26
Chapter 7: BIOS
Advanced
PCI Configuration
Memory Mapped I/O Start Address
1.50GB/1.75GB/2.00GB/2.25GB/2.5GB / 2.75GB /
3.0GB / 3.25GB / 3.5GB
Memory Mapped I/O above 4GB
Enabled / Disabled
Onboard Video
Enabled / Disabled
Dual Monitor Video
Enabled / Disabled
Onboard NIC1 ROM
Enabled / Disabled
Onboard NIC2 ROM
Enabled/Disabled
I/O Module NIC ROM
Enabled / Disabled
NIC 1 MAC Address
<MAC #>
NIC 2 MAC Address
<MAC #>
Intel® I/OAT
Enabled / Disabled
Figure 7-13. Setup Utility — PCI Configuration Screen Display
Table 7-12. Setup Utility — PCI Configuration Screen Fields
Setup Item
Memory
Mapped I/O
Start Address
Options
1.5GB
1.75GB
Help Text
Comments
Select the start of the reserved memory region for
PCI memory mapped I/O space that ends at 4GB.
For all PAE (Physical
Address Extension)
aware Operating
Systems, 2.5GB should
be selected. The system
will remap memory and
the OS will detect all
memory installed in the
system. If the installed
OS does not support
PAE, the maximum
memory size detected is
linked to the setup option
selected. For example,
if 2.5GB is selected, only
2.5GB will be detected by
the OS.
2.00GB
2.25GB
2.5GB
2.75GB
Warning: Depending on the system configuration,
this option may impact the amount of system
memory detected by an OS without Physical
Address Extension (PAE) support.
3.00GB
3.25GB
3.50GB
Memory
Mapped I/O
above 4GB
Enabled
Disabled
Enable or disable memory mapped I/O of 64-bit
PCI devices to 4GB or greater address space.
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NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Setup Item
Options
Onboard Video
Enabled
Help Text
Onboard video controller.
Disabled
Warning: System video will be completely
disabled if this option is disabled and an add-in
video adapter is not installed.
Dual Monitor
Video
Enabled
Onboard NIC
ROM
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Comments
When disabled, the
system requires an add-in
video card in order for
video to be seen.
Both the onboard video controller and an add-in
video adapter will be enabled for system video.
The onboard video controller will be the primary
video device.
Load the embedded option ROM for the onboard
network controllers.
Warning: If [Disabled] is selected, NIC1 and NIC2
can not be used to boot or wake the system.
I/O Module NIC
ROM
Enabled
NIC 1 MAC
Address
No entry
allowed
Information only. 12
hex digits of the MAC
address.
NIC 2 MAC
Address
No entry
allowed
Information only. 12
hex digits of the MAC
address.
Intel® I/OAT
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Load the embedded option ROM for the onboard
network controller on the I/O module.
Option only displays
when a Dual GigE I/O
Module is Installed
Intel® I/O Acceleration Technology version
2 (I/OAT-2) accelerates TCP/IP processing
for onboard NICs, delivers data-movement
efficiencies across the entire server platform, and
minimizes system overhead.
System Acoustic and Performance Configuration
The System Acoustic and Performance Configuration screen provides fields to
configure the thermal characteristics of the system.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Advanced | System Acoustic
and Performance Configuration.
Advanced
System Acoustic and Performance Configuration
Throttling Mode
Closed Loop / Open Loop
Altitude
300m or less / 301m-900m / Higher than 900m
Figure 7-14. Setup Utility — System Acoustic and Performance Configuration
Screen Display
7-28
Chapter 7: BIOS
Table 7-13. Setup Utility — System Acoustic and Performance Configuration
Screen Fields
Setup Item
Throttling Mode
Options
Comments
Open Loop does not rely on a thermal sensor
on the board and sets up a static level which
equates in a fixed bandwidth. Closed Loop
will allow the system to achieve higher
performance by monitoring system temps and
adjusting bandwidth.
When CLTT fails
Throttling Mode will
default to OLTT.
Profile will be
Performance for
OLTT.
300m or less
[300m or less] (980ft or less)
301m-900m
Optimal performance setting near sea level.
Available only if
CLTT failed and
running in OLTT
throttling mode
Closed Loop
Open Loop
Altitude
Help Text
Higher than 900m
[301m - 900m] (980ft - 2950ft)
Optimal performance setting at moderate
elevation.
[Higher than 900m] (Higher than 2950ft)
Optimal performance setting at high elevation.
Security Screen
The Security screen provides fields to enable and set the user and administrative
password and to lockout the front panel buttons so they cannot be used.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select the Security option.
Main
Advanced
Security
Server Management
Boot Options
Administrator Password Status
<Installed/Not Installed>
User Password Status
<Installed/Not Installed>
Set Administrator Password
[1234abcd]
Set User Password
[1234abcd]
Front Panel Lockout
Enabled/Disabled
Boot Manager
Figure 7-15. Setup Utility — Security Configuration Screen Display
7-29
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Table 7-14. Setup Utility — Security Configuration Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Administrator Password
Status
<Installed
User Password Status
<Installed
Help Text
Information only.
Indicates the status of
administrator password.
Not Installed>
Information only.
Indicates the status of
user password.
Not Installed>
Set Administrator
Password
[123abcd]
Administrator password is used to
control change access in BIOS Setup
Utility.
Only alphanumeric characters can be
used. Maximum length is 7 characters.
It is not case sensitive.
Note: Administrator password must be
set in order to use the user account.
Set User Password
[123abcd]
User password is used to control entry
access to BIOS Setup Utility.
Only alphanumeric characters can be
used. Maximum length is 7 characters.
It is not case sensitive.
Note: Removing the administrator
password will also automatically
remove the user password.
Front Panel Lockout
Enabled
Disabled
Comments
Locks the power button and reset
button on the system’s front panel.
If [Enabled] is selected, power and
reset must be controlled via a system
management interface.
7-30
This option is only
to control access to
setup. Administrator
has full access to all
setup items. Clearing
the Admin password
will also clear the user
password.
Available only if
Administrator Password
is installed. This option
only protects setup.
User password only has
limited access to setup
items.
Chapter 7: BIOS
Server Management Screen
The Server Management screen provides fields to configure several server management features. It also provides an access point to the screens for configuring
console redirection and displaying system information.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select the Server Management option.
Main
Advanced
Security
Server Management
Boot Options
Boot Manager
Assert NMI on SERR
Enabled / Disabled
Assert NMI on PERR
Enabled / Disabled
Resume on AC Power Loss
Stay Off /Last state/ Reset
Clear System Event Log
Enabled / Disabled
Windows Hardware Error Architecture
Enabled/Disabled
FRB-2 Enable
Enabled / Disabled
O/S Boot Watchdog Timer
Enabled / Disabled
O/S Boot Watchdog Timer Policy
Power off / Reset
O/S Boot Watchdog Timer Timeout
5 minutes / 10 minutes / 15 minutes / 20 minutes
► Console Redirection
► System Information
Figure 7-16. Setup Utility — Server Management Configuration Screen Display
7-31
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Table 7-15. Setup Utility — Server Management Configuration Screen Fields
Setup Item
Assert NMI on SERR
Options
Enabled
Disabled
Help Text
Comments
On SERR, generate an NMI and log an
error.
Note: [Enabled] must be selected for the
Assert NMI on PERR setup option to be
visible.
Assert NMI on PERR
Enabled
Disabled
On PERR, generate an NMI and log an
error.
Note: This option is only active if the
Assert NMI on SERR option is [Enabled]
selected.»
Resume on AC Power
Loss
Stay Off
Last state
Reset
System action to take on AC power loss
recovery.
[Stay Off] - System stays off.
[Last State] - System returns to the same
state before the AC power loss.
[Reset] - System powers on.
Clear System Event
Log
Enabled
Disabled
Clears the System Event Log. All current
entries will be lost.
Note: This option will be reset to [Disabled]
after a reboot.
Windows Hardware
Error Architecture
Enabled
FRB-2 Enable
Enabled
Fault Resilient Boot (FRB).
Disabled
BIOS programs the BMC watchdog timer for
approximately 6 minutes. If BIOS does not
complete POST before the timer expires,
the BMC will reset the system.
Enabled
BIOS programs the watchdog timer with the
timeout value selected. If the OS does not
complete booting before the timer expires,
the BMC will reset the system and an error
will be logged.
O/S Boot Watchdog
Timer
Disabled
Disabled
During HW errors, in addition to BIOS SMI
Error Handlers, OS Error Handlers will be
signaled
Requires OS support or Intel Management
Software.
O/S Boot Watchdog
Timer Policy
Power Off
Reset
If the OS watchdog timer is enabled, this
is the system action taken if the watchdog
timer expires.
[Reset] - System performs a reset.
[Power Off] - System powers off.
O/S Boot Watchdog
Timer Timeout
5 minutes
10 minutes
15 minutes
If the OS watchdog timer is enabled, this is
the timeout value BIOS will use to configure
the watchdog timer.
20 minutes
Console Redirection
View/Configure console redirection
information and settings.
Takes user to Console
Redirection Screen.
System Information
View system information
Takes user to System
Information Screen.
7-32
Chapter 7: BIOS
Console Redirection Screen
The Console Redirection screen provides a way to enable or disable console redirection and to configure the connection options for this feature.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Server Management. Select the
Console Redirection option from the Server Management screen.
Server Management
Console Redirection
Console Redirection
Disabled / Serial A / Serial B
Flow Control
None / RTS/CTS
Baud Rate
9.6k / 19.2k / 38.4k / 57.6k / 115.2k
Terminal Type
PC-ANSI / VT100 / VT100+ / VT-UTF8
Legacy OS Redirection
Disabled / Enabled
Figure 7-17. Setup Utility — Server Management Configuration Screen Display
7-33
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Table 7-16. Setup Utility — Server Management Configuration Screen Fields
Setup Item
Console Redirection
Options
Disabled
Serial A
Serial B
Help Text
Console redirection allows a serial port to be used for
server management tasks.
[Disabled] - No console redirection.
[Serial Port A] - Configure serial port A for console
redirection.
[Serial Port B] - Configure serial port B for console
redirection.
Enabling this option will disable display of the Quiet
Boot logo screen during POST.
Flow Control
None
Flow control is the handshake protocol.
RTS/CTS
Setting must match the remote terminal application.
[None] - Configure for no flow control.
[RTS/CTS] - Configure for hardware flow control.
Baud Rate
9600
19.2K
Serial port transmission speed. Setting must match the
remote terminal application.
38.4K
57.6K
115.2K
Terminal Type
PC-ANSI
VT100
Character formatting used for console redirection.
Setting must match the remote terminal application.
VT100+
VT-UTF8
Legacy OS Redirection
Disabled
Enabled
This option will enable legacy OS redirection (i.e., DOS)
on serial port. If it is enabled the associated serial port
will be hidden from the legacy OS.
7-34
Comments
Chapter 7: BIOS
Server Management System Information Screen
The Server Management System Information screen provides a place to see part
numbers, serial numbers, and firmware revisions.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Server Management. Select the
System Information option from the Server Management screen.
Server Management
System Information
Board Part Number
Board Serial Number
System Part Number
System Serial Number
Chassis Part Number
Chassis Serial Number
BMC Firmware Revision
HSC Firmware Revision
SDR Revision
UUID
Figure 7-18. Setup Utility — Server Management System Information Screen
Display
Table 7-17. Setup Utility — Server Management System Information Screen
Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Comments
Board Part Number
Information Only
Board Serial Number
Information Only
System Part Number
Information Only
System Serial Number
Information Only
Chassis Part Number
Information Only
Chassis Serial Number
Information Only
BMC Firmware Revision
Information Only
HSC Firmware Revision
Information Only
SDR Revision
Information Only
UUID
Information Only
7-35
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Boot Options Screen
The Boot Options screen displays any bootable media encountered during POST,
and allows the user to configure desired boot device.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Boot Options.
Main
Advanced
Security
Server Management
Boot Options
Boot Manager
Boot Timeout
<0 - 65535>
Boot Option #1
<Available Boot devices>
Boot Option #2
<Available Boot devices>
Boot Option #x
<Available Boot devices>
Boot Option Retry
Enabled / Disabled
Hard Disk Order
CDROM Order
Floppy Order
Network Device Order
BEV Device Order
Figure 7-19. Setup Utility — Boot Options Screen Display
Table 7-18. Setup Utility — Boot Options Screen Fields
Setup Item
Boot Timeout
Options
0 - 65535
Help Text
The number of seconds BIOS will pause
at the end of POST to allow the user to
press the [F2] key for entering the BIOS
Setup Utility.
Valid values are 0-65535. Zero is the
default. A value of 65535 will cause the
system to go to the Boot Manager menu
and wait for user input for every system
boot.
Boot Option #x
Available
boot devices.
Set system boot order by selecting the
boot option for this position.
Boot Option Retry
Enabled
This will continually retry NON-EFI based
boot options without waiting for user input.
Disabled
Hard Disk Order
Set hard disk boot order by selecting the
boot option for this position.
7-36
Comments
After entering the desired
timeout, press enter to register that timeout value to
the system. These settings
are in seconds.
Appears when more than
1 hard disk drive is in the
system.
Chapter 7: BIOS
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Comments
CDROM Order
Set CDROM boot order by selecting the
boot option for this position.
Appears when more than
1 CDROM drive is in the
system.
Floppy Order
Set floppy disk boot order by selecting the
boot option for this position.
Appears when more than 1
floppy drive is in the system.
Network Device
Order
Set network device boot order by
selecting the boot option for this position.
Add-in or onboard network devices with
a PXE option ROM are two examples of
network boot devices.
Appears when more than 1
of these devices is available
in the system.
BEV Device Order
Set the Bootstrap Entry Vector (BEV)
device boot order by selecting the boot
option for this position.
Appears when more than 1
of these devices is available
in the system.
BEV devices require their own proprietary
method to load an OS using a bootable
option ROM. BEV devices are typically
found on remote program load devices.
Hard Disk Order Screen
The Hard Disk Order screen provides a way to control the hard disks.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Boot Options | Hard Disk
Order.
Boot Options
Hard Disk #1
< Available Hard Disks >
Hard Disk #2
< Available Hard Disks >
Figure 7-20. Setup Utility — Hard Disk Order Screen Display
Table 7-19. Setup Utility — Hard Disk Order Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Hard Disk #1
Available hard disks
Set hard disk boot order by selecting the boot
option for this position.
Hard Disk #2
Available hard disks
Set hard disk boot order by selecting the boot
option for this position.
7-37
Comments
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
CDROM Order Screen
The CDROM Order screen provides a way to control the CDROM devices.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Boot Options | CDROM Order.
Boot Options
CDROM #1
<Available CDROM devices>
CDROM #2
<Available CDROM devices>
Figure 7-21. Setup Utility — CDROM Order Screen Display
Table 7-20. Setup Utility — CDROM Order Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
CDROM #1
Available CDROM
devices
Set CDROM boot order by
selecting the boot option for
this position.
CDROM #2
Available CDROM
devices
Set CDROM boot order by
selecting the boot option for
this position.
Comments
Floppy Order Screen
The Floppy Order screen provides a way to control the floppy drives.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Boot Options | Floppy Order.
Boot Options
Floppy Disk #1
<Available Floppy Disk >
Floppy Disk #2
<Available Floppy Disk >
Figure 7-22. Setup Utility — Floppy Order Screen Display
Table 7-21. Setup Utility — Floppy Order Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Floppy Disk #1
Available floppy disk
Set floppy disk boot order by
selecting the boot option for this
position.
Floppy Disk #2
Available floppy disk
Set floppy disk boot order by
selecting the boot option for this
position.
7-38
Comments
Chapter 7: BIOS
Network Device Order Screen
The Network Device Order screen provides a way to control the Network bootable
devices.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Boot Options | Network Device
Order.
Boot Options
Network Device #1
<Available Network devices>
Network Device #2
<Available Network devices>
Figure 7-23. Setup Utility — Network Device Order Screen Display
Table 7-22. Setup Utility — Network Device Order Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Network Device #1
Available network
devices
Set network device boot order by selecting
the boot option for this position. Add-in or
onboard network devices with a PXE option
ROM are two examples of network boot
devices.
Network Device #2
Available network
devices
Set network device boot order by selecting
the boot option for this position. Add-in or
onboard network devices with a PXE option
ROM are two examples of network boot
devices.
Comments
BEV Device Order Screen
The BEV Device Order screen provides a way to control the BEV bootable devices.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Boot Options | BEV Device
Order.
Boot Options
BEV Device #1
<Available BEV devices>
BEV Device #2
<Available BEV devices>
Figure 7-24. Setup Utility — BEV Device Order Screen Display
7-39
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Table 7-23. Setup Utility — BEV Device Order Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
BEV Device #1
Help Text
Available BEV
devices
Comments
Set the Bootstrap Entry Vector (BEV) device
boot order by selecting the boot option for this
position.
BEV devices require their own proprietary
method to load an OS using a bootable option
ROM. BEV devices are typically found on
remote program load devices.
BEV Device #2
Available BEV
devices
Set the Bootstrap Entry Vector (BEV) device
boot order by selecting the boot option for this
position.
BEV devices require their own proprietary
method to load an OS using a bootable option
ROM. BEV devices are typically found on
remote program load devices.
Boot Manager Screen
The Boot Manager screen displays a list of devices available to boot from, and
allows the user to select a boot device for this boot.
To access this screen from the Main screen, select Boot Manager.
Main
Advanced
Security
Server Management
Boot Options
Boot Manager
[EFI Shell]
<Boot device #1>
<Boot Option #x>
Figure 7-25. Setup Utility — Boot Manager Screen Display
Table 7-24. Setup Utility — Boot Manager Screen Fields
Setup Item
Launch EFI Shell
Options
Help Text
Select this option to boot now.
Note: This list is not the system boot option order. Use the
Boot Options menu to view and configure the system boot
option order.
Boot Device #x
Select this option to boot now.
Note: This list is not the system boot option order. Use the
Boot Options menu to view and configure the system boot
option order.
7-40
Comments
Chapter 7: BIOS
Error Manager Screen
The Error Manager screen displays any errors encountered during POST.
Error Manager
Exit
ERROR CODE
SEVERITY
INSTANCE
Figure 7-26. Setup Utility — Error Manager Screen Display
Table 7-25. Setup Utility — Error Manager Screen Fields
Setup Item
Options
Help Text
Displays System Errors
Comments
Information only. Displays errors that
occurred during this POST.
Exit Screen
The Exit screen allows the user to choose to save or discard the configuration
changes made on the other screens. It also provides a method to restore the server
to the factory defaults or to save or restore a set of user defined default values. If
Restore Defaults is selected, the default settings, noted in bold in the tables in this
chapter, will be applied. If Restore User Default Values is selected, the system is
restored to the default values that the user saved earlier, instead of being restored
to the factory defaults.
Error Manager
Exit
Save Changes and Exit
Discard Changes and Exit
Save Changes
Discard Changes
Load Default Values
Save as User Default Values
Load User Default Values
Figure 7-27. Setup Utility — Exit Screen Display
7-41
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Table 7-26. Setup Utility — Exit Screen Fields
Setup Item
Save Changes and
Exit
Help Text
Exit BIOS Setup Utility after saving changes.
The system will reboot if required.
The [F10] key can also be used.
Discard Changes
and Exit
Exit BIOS Setup Utility without saving changes.
Save Changes
Save changes without exiting BIOS Setup Utility.
The [Esc] key can also be used.
Note: Saved changes may require a system
reboot before taking effect.
Comments
User is prompted for confirmation
only if any of the setup fields were
modified.
User is prompted for confirmation
only if any of the setup fields were
modified.
User is prompted for confirmation
only if any of the setup fields were
modified.
Discard Changes
Discard changes made since the last save
changes operation was performed.
User is prompted for confirmation
only if any of the setup fields were
modified.
Load Default Values
Load factory default values for all BIOS Setup
Utility options.
User is prompted for confirmation.
The [F9] key can also be used.
Save as User Default
Values
Save current BIOS Setup Utility values as
custom user default values. If needed, the user
default values can be restored via the Load User
Default Values option below.
User is prompted for confirmation.
Note: Clearing CMOS or NVRAM will cause the
user default values to be reset to the factory
default values.
Load User Default
Values
Load user default values.
User is prompted for confirmation.
7-42
Appendix A: Integration and Usage Tips
Appendix A. Integration and Usage Tips
This section provides a list of useful information that should be referenced before
attempting to integrate and configure your NovaScale R421-E1.
•
After the system is integrated with processors, memory, and peripheral devices,
the FRUSDR utility must be run to load the proper Sensor Data Record data
to the integrated Server Management subsystem. Failure to run this utility may
prevent Server Management from accurately monitoring system health and may
affect system performance. The FRUSDR utility for this server system can either
be run from the Intel Deployment CDROM that came with your system, or can
be downloaded from the Intel website referenced at the bottom of this page.
•
To ensure the highest system reliability, make sure the latest system software
is loaded on the server before deploying the system onto a live networking
environment. This includes system BIOS, FRUSDR, BMC firmware, and hotswap controller firmware. The system software can be updated using the Intel
Deployment CDROM that came your system or can be downloaded from the
Intel website referenced at the bottom of this page.
•
Only supported memory validated by Intel should be used in this server system.
A list of supported memory can be found in the Intel® Server System SR1560SF
Tested Memory List which can be downloaded from the Intel website referenced
at the bottom of this page.
•
This system supports the Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 5000 sequence.
A list of supported processors is provided in Table 2 of this document, or can
be downloaded from the Intel website referenced at the bottom of this page.
Intel® Xeon® processors not referenced on the supported processor list cannot
be used in this server system.
•
The air dam on the CPU air duct must be in place for single processor configurations. Once the air dam is removed, it cannot be re-installed.
•
•
The CPU air duct and air baffle must be used to maintain system thermals.
To maintain system thermals, all hard drive bays must be populated with either
a hard drive or drive blank.
•
•
System fans are not hot-swappable.
In systems configured with a backplane, a USB floppy accessory kit is available
for installing a slim-line USB floppy drive in either the slim-line bay or in the first
3.5” hard drive bay.
A-1
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
A-2
Appendix B: POST Code Diagnostic LED Decoder
Appendix B. BIOS POST Codes
During the system boot process, BIOS executes a number of platform configuration
processes, each of which is assigned a specific hex POST code number. As each
configuration routine is started, BIOS will display the given POST code to the POST
Code Diagnostic LEDs found on the back edge of the server board. To assist in
troubleshooting a system hang during the POST process, the Diagnostic LEDs can
be used to identify the last POST process to be executed.
Each POST code will be represented by a combination of colors from the four LEDs.
The LEDs are capable of displaying three colors: green, red, and amber. The POST
codes are divided into two nibbles, an upper nibble and a lower nibble. Each bit
in the upper nibble is represented by a red LED and each bit in the lower nibble
is represented by a green LED. If both bits are set in the upper and lower nibbles
then both red and green LEDs are lit, resulting in an amber color. If both bits are
clear, then the LED is off.
In the below example, BIOS sends a value of ACh to the diagnostic LED decoder.
The LEDs are decoded as follows:
•
red bits = 1010b = Ah
•
green bits = 1100b = Ch
Since the red bits correspond to the upper nibble and the green bits correspond to
the lower nibble, the two are concatenated to be ACh.
Table B-1. POST Progess Code LED Example
8h
LEDs
4h
Red
ACh
1
Result
Amber
Green
1
Red
0
2h
Green
1
Red
1
Green
Red
MSB
1h
Green
0
Red
0
Green
0
Off
LSB
B-1
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Figure B-1. Diagnostic LED Placement Diagram
Table B-2. Diagnostic LED POST Code Decoder
Diagnostic LED Decoder
Checkpoint
Description
G=Green, R=Red, A=Amber
MSB
LSB
Host Processor
0x10h
OFF
OFF
OFF
R
Power-on initialization of the host processor (bootstrap
processor)
0x11h
OFF
OFF
OFF
A
Host processor cache initialization (including AP)
0x12h
OFF
OFF
G
R
Starting application processor initialization
0x13h
OFF
OFF
G
A
SMM initialization
OFF
OFF
R
G
Initializing a chipset component
0x22h
OFF
OFF
A
OFF
0x23h
OFF
OFF
A
G
0x24h
OFF
G
R
OFF
Programming timing parameters in the memory controller
0x25h
OFF
G
R
G
Configuring memory parameters in the memory controller
0x26h
OFF
G
A
OFF
Optimizing memory controller settings
0x27h
OFF
G
A
G
Initializing memory, such as ECC init
0x28h
G
OFF
R
OFF
0x50h
OFF
R
OFF
R
Enumerating PCI busses
0x51h
OFF
R
OFF
A
Allocating resources to PCI busses
0x52h
OFF
R
G
R
Hot Plug PCI controller initialization
0x53h
OFF
R
G
A
Reserved for PCI bus
0x54h
OFF
A
OFF
R
Reserved for PCI bus
0x55h
OFF
A
OFF
A
Reserved for PCI bus
0x56h
OFF
A
G
R
Reserved for PCI bus
0x57h
OFF
A
G
A
Reserved for PCI bus
Chipset
0x21h
Memory
Reading configuration data from memory (SPD on DIMM)
Detecting presence of memory
Testing memory
PCI Bus
B-2
Appendix B: POST Code Diagnostic LED Decoder
Diagnostic LED Decoder
Description
G=Green, R=Red, A=Amber
Checkpoint
MSB
LSB
USB
0x58h
G
R
OFF
R
Resetting USB bus
0x59h
G
R
OFF
A
Reserved for USB devices
ATA / ATAPI / SATA
0x5Ah
G
R
G
R
Resetting PATA / SATA bus and all devices
0x5Bh
G
R
G
A
Reserved for ATA
0x5Ch
G
A
OFF
R
Resetting SMBUS
0x5Dh
G
A
OFF
A
Reserved for SMBUS
0x70h
OFF
R
R
R
Resetting the video controller (VGA)
0x71h
OFF
R
R
A
Disabling the video controller (VGA)
0x72h
OFF
R
A
R
Enabling the video controller (VGA)
SMBUS
Local Console
Remote Console
0x78h
G
R
R
R
Resetting the console controller
0x79h
G
R
R
A
Disabling the console controller
0x7Ah
G
R
A
R
Enabling the console controller
Keyboard (PS2 or USB)
0x90h
R
OFF
OFF
R
Resetting the keyboard
0x91h
R
OFF
OFF
A
Disabling the keyboard
0x92h
R
OFF
G
R
Detecting the presence of the keyboard
0x93h
R
OFF
G
A
Enabling the keyboard
0x94h
R
G
OFF
R
Clearing keyboard input buffer
0x95h
R
G
OFF
A
Instructing keyboard controller to run Self Test (PS2 only)
Mouse (PS2 or USB)
0x98h
A
OFF
OFF
R
Resetting the mouse
0x99h
A
OFF
OFF
A
Detecting the mouse
0x9Ah
A
OFF
G
R
Detecting the presence of mouse
0x9Bh
A
OFF
G
A
Enabling the mouse
0xB0h
R
OFF
R
R
Resetting fixed media device
0xB1h
R
OFF
R
A
Disabling fixed media device
R
OFF
A
R
Detecting presence of a fixed media device (IDE hard drive
detection, etc.)
R
OFF
A
A
Enabling / configuring a fixed media device
Fixed Media
0xB2h
0xB3h
Removable Media
0xB8h
A
OFF
R
R
Resetting removable media device
0xB9h
A
OFF
R
A
Disabling removable media device
A
OFF
A
R
Detecting presence of a removable media device (IDE
CDROM detection, etc.)
A
G
R
R
Enabling / configuring a removable media device
0xBAh
0xBCh
B-3
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
Diagnostic LED Decoder
Checkpoint
Description
G=Green, R=Red, A=Amber
MSB
LSB
Boot Device Selection
0xD0
R
R
OFF
R
Trying boot device selection
0xD1
R
R
OFF
A
Trying boot device selection
0xD2
R
R
G
R
Trying boot device selection
0xD3
R
R
G
A
Trying boot device selection
0xD4
R
A
OFF
R
Trying boot device selection
0xD5
R
A
OFF
A
Trying boot device selection
0xD6
R
A
G
R
Trying boot device selection
0xD7
R
A
G
A
Trying boot device selection
0xD8
A
R
OFF
R
Trying boot device selection
0xD9
A
R
OFF
A
Trying boot device selection
0XDA
A
R
G
R
Trying boot device selection
0xDB
A
R
G
A
Trying boot device selection
0xDC
A
A
OFF
R
Trying boot device selection
0xDE
A
A
G
R
Trying boot device selection
0xDF
A
A
G
A
Trying boot device selection
Pre-EFI Initialization (PEI) Core
0xE0h
R
R
R
OFF
Started dispatching early initialization modules (PEIM)
0xE2h
R
R
A
OFF
Initial memory found, configured, and installed correctly
0xE1h
R
R
R
G
Reserved for initialization module use (PEIM)
0xE3h
R
R
A
G
Reserved for initialization module use (PEIM)
Driver Execution Environment (DXE) Core
0xE4h
R
A
R
OFF
Entered EFI driver execution phase (DXE)
0xE5h
R
A
R
G
Started dispatching drivers
0xE6h
R
A
A
OFF
Started connecting drivers
0xE7h
R
A
A
G
0xE8h
A
R
R
OFF
Checking password
0xE9h
A
R
R
G
Entering BIOS setup
0xEAh
A
R
A
OFF
Flash Update
0xEEh
A
A
A
OFF
Calling Int 19. One beep unless silent boot is enabled.
0xEFh
A
A
A
G
DXE Drivers
Waiting for user input
Unrecoverable boot failure / S3 resume failure
Runtime Phase / EFI Operating System Boot
0xF4h
R
A
R
R
Entering Sleep state
0xF5h
R
A
R
A
Exiting Sleep state
A
R
R
R
Operating system has requested EFI to close boot services
(ExitBootServices ( ) has been called)
A
R
R
A
Operating system has switched to virtual address mode
(SetVirtualAddressMap ( ) has been called)
A
R
A
R
Operating system has requested the system to reset
(ResetSystem () has been called)
0xF8h
0xF9h
0xFAh
B-4
Appendix B: POST Code Diagnostic LED Decoder
Diagnostic LED Decoder
Checkpoint
Description
G=Green, R=Red, A=Amber
MSB
LSB
Pre-EFI Initialization Module (PEIM) / Recovery
0x30h
OFF
OFF
R
R
Crisis recovery has been initiated because of a user request
0x31h
OFF
OFF
R
A
Crisis recovery has been initiated by software (corrupt flash)
0x34h
OFF
G
R
R
Loading crisis recovery capsule
0x35h
OFF
G
R
A
Handing off control to the crisis recovery capsule
0x3Fh
G
G
A
A
Unable to complete crisis recovery.
B-5
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
B-6
Appendix C: POST Error Beep Codes
Appendix C. POST Error Beep Codes
The following table lists POST error beep codes. Prior to system video initialization,
BIOS uses these beep codes to inform users on error conditions. The beep code
is followed by a user visible code on POST progress LEDs.
Table C-1. POST Error Beep Codes
Beeps
Error Message
POST Progress Code
Description
3
Memory error
System halted because a fatal error related to the
memory was detected.
6
BIOS rolling
back error
The system has detected a corrupted BIOS in the
flash part, and is rolling back to the last good BIOS
The BMC may generate beep codes upon detection of failure conditions. Beep
codes are sounded each time the problem is discovered, such as on each powerup attempt, but are not sounded continuously. Codes that are common across all
NovaScale R42x serverboards and systems that use the Intel® S5000 chipset are
listed in Table C-2. Each digit in the code is represented by a sequence of beeps
whose count is equal to the digit.
Table C-2. BMC Beep Codes
Code
Reason for Beep
Associated Sensors
1-5-2-1
CPU: Empty slot / population error – Processor
Supported?
CPU Population Error
Yes
slot 1 is not populated.
1-5-2-2
CPU: No processors (terminators only)
N/A
No
1-5-2-3
CPU: Configuration error (e.g., VID mismatch)
N/A
No
1-5-2-4
CPU: Configuration error (e.g., BSEL
N/A
No
Power fault: DC power unexpectedly lost
Power Unit – power unit failure
Yes
(power good dropout)
offset
1-5-4-3
Chipset control failure
N/A
No
1-5-4-4
Power control fault
Power Unit – soft power control
Yes
mismatch)
1-5-4-2
failure offset
C-1
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
C-2
Technical publication remarks form
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Reference:
NovaScale R421-E1 Installation and User's Guide
86 A1 94EW 00
Date:
April 2008
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