ICS-G24S2X Series
ICS-G24S4X Series
Industrial Grade Managed Core Switches
1
LEGAL
The information in this publication has been carefully checked and is believed to be entirely accurate at the
time of publication. CTC Union Technologies assumes no responsibility, however, for possible errors or
omissions, or for any consequences resulting from the use of the information contained herein. CTC Union
Technologies reserves the right to make changes in its products or product specifications with the intent to
improve function or design at any time and without notice and is not required to update this
documentation to reflect such changes.
CTC Union Technologies makes no warranty, representation, or guarantee regarding the suitability of its
products for any particular purpose, nor does CTC Union assume any liability arising out of the application
or use of any product and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation any
consequential or incidental damages.
CTC Union products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use in systems or applications intended
to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the product could create a
situation where personal injury or death may occur. Should the Buyer purchase or use a CTC Union product
for any such unintended or unauthorized application, the Buyer shall indemnify and hold CTC Union
Technologies and its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates, and distributors harmless against all claims,
costs, damages, expenses, and reasonable attorney fees arising out of, either directly or indirectly, any
claim of personal injury or death that may be associated with such unintended or unauthorized use, even if
such claim alleges that CTC Union Technologies was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of said
product.
WARNING:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to
Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual may cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense. NOTICE: (1) The changes or modifications not expressively approved by
the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. (2) Shielded
interface cables and AC power cord, if any, must be used in order to comply with the emission limits.
CISPR PUB.22 Class A COMPLIANCE:
This device complies with EMC directive of the European Community and meets or exceeds the following
technical standard. EN 55022 - Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Interference Characteristics
of Information Technology Equipment. This device complies with CISPR Class A.
WARNING:
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which
case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
CE NOTICE
Marking by the symbol CE indicates compliance of this equipment to the EMC directive of the European
Community. Such marking is indicative that this equipment meets or exceeds the following technical
standards: EN 55022:2006+A1:2007, Class A, EN55024:2010, and EN60950-1:2006
2
CTC Union Technologies Co., Ltd.
Far Eastern Vienna Technology Center (Neihu Technology Park)
8F, No. 60, Zhouzi St.
Neihu, Taipei, 114
Taiwan
Phone: +886-2-2659-1021
FAX: +886-2-2799-1355
ICS-G24S2X/ICS-G24S4X Series
Industrial Grade Managed Ethernet Switches
User Manual
Version 0.9e April 2016 (Update)
This manual supports the following models:
ICS-G24S2X
Industrial 24 x 100/1000Base-X SFP with 4 x GbE Combo, and 2 x 10GbE SFP+ Core Switch
ICS-G24S4X
Industrial 24 x 100/1000Base-X SFP with 4 x GbE Combo, and 4 x 10GbE SFP+ Core Switch
This document is the current official release manual. Contents are subject to change without prior notice. Please check
CTC Union's website for any updated manual or contact us by E-mail at sales@ctcu.com. Please address any
comments for improving this manual or to point out omissions or errors to marketing@ctcu.com. Thank you.
2016 CTC Union Technologies Co.,Ltd.
All Rights Reserved
The contents of this document are subject to change without any prior notice.
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................... 17
1.1 WELCOME ..................................................................................................................................... 17
1.2 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION..................................................................................................................... 17
1.2.1 ICS-G24S2X....................................................................................................................................................... 17
1.2.2 ICS-G24S4X....................................................................................................................................................... 17
1.3 PRODUCT FEATURES ......................................................................................................................... 18
1.4 PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................................. 19
CHAPTER 2. PANELS & INSTALLATION ....................................................................................... 20
2.1 VIEWS OF PANELS ............................................................................................................................ 20
2.2 CONNECTIONS ................................................................................................................................ 21
2.2.1 100/1000M SFP................................................................................................................................................ 21
2.2.2 Combo Port Connections ................................................................................................................................. 21
2.2.3 10GbE SFP+ Connection ................................................................................................................................... 21
2.2.4 MGMT Port ...................................................................................................................................................... 22
2.2.5 Console Port ..................................................................................................................................................... 22
2.2.5.1 RJ-45 Pin Assignment ...................................................................................................................................................23
2.2.5.2 Accessory Cable ............................................................................................................................................................23
2.3 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION ................................................................................................................. 23
2.4 ALARM RELAY ................................................................................................................................ 24
2.5 RACK MOUNTING ............................................................................................................................ 24
2.6 EARTH GROUND CONNECTION ............................................................................................................ 25
2.7 LED INDICATORS ............................................................................................................................. 25
CHAPTER 3. INTRODUCTION TO CLI .......................................................................................... 26
3.1 GENERAL INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 26
3.2 CONSOLE OPERATION..................................................................................................................... 26
3.3 CLI MODES .................................................................................................................................... 27
3.4 QUICK KEYS ................................................................................................................................... 27
3.5 COMMAND SYNTAX ......................................................................................................................... 27
3.6 BASIC CONFIGURATIONS ................................................................................................................... 28
3.6.1 Configuring IPv4 Address ................................................................................................................................. 28
3.6.2 Enter Config Interface Mode ........................................................................................................................... 28
3.6.3 Save Configurations ......................................................................................................................................... 29
3.6.4 Restart the Device............................................................................................................................................ 29
3.6.5 Load Factory Defaults ...................................................................................................................................... 29
3.6.6 Show System and Software Information ......................................................................................................... 29
3.6.7 Show Running Configurations .......................................................................................................................... 30
3.6.8 Show History Commands ................................................................................................................................. 30
3.6.9 Help .................................................................................................................................................................. 31
3.6.10 Logout ............................................................................................................................................................ 31
3.7 COMMANDS IN USER MODE .............................................................................................................. 31
3.7.1 > clear ip arp .................................................................................................................................................... 32
3.7.2 > clear lldp statistics ......................................................................................................................................... 32
3.7.3 > clear statistics ............................................................................................................................................... 32
3.7.4 > enable ........................................................................................................................................................... 32
3.7.5 > exit ................................................................................................................................................................ 32
3.7.6 > help ............................................................................................................................................................... 32
3.7.7 > logout ............................................................................................................................................................ 33
3.7.8 > ping ip ........................................................................................................................................................... 33
3.7.9 > ping ipv6 ........................................................................................................................................................ 33
3.7.10 show commands ............................................................................................................................................ 33
3.8 COMMANDS IN EXEC MODE .............................................................................................................. 34
3.8.1 # clear access management statistics .............................................................................................................. 34
3.8.2 # clear access-list ace statistics ........................................................................................................................ 34
3.8.3 # clear dot1x statistics ..................................................................................................................................... 34
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.8.4 # clear erps....................................................................................................................................................... 34
3.8.5 # clear ip arp .................................................................................................................................................... 34
3.8.6 # clear ip dhcp detailed statistics ..................................................................................................................... 34
3.8.7 # clear ip dhcp server binding <ip> .................................................................................................................. 35
3.8.8 # clear ip dhcp server binding { automatic | manual | expired } ..................................................................... 35
3.8.9 # clear ip dhcp server statistics ........................................................................................................................ 35
3.8.10 # clear ip dhcp relay statistics ........................................................................................................................ 35
3.8.11 # clear ip dhcp snooping statistics ................................................................................................................. 35
3.8.12 # clear ip igmp snooping ................................................................................................................................ 36
3.8.13 # clear ip statistics.......................................................................................................................................... 36
3.8.14 # clear ipv6 mld snooping .............................................................................................................................. 36
3.8.15 # clear ipv6 neighbors .................................................................................................................................... 36
3.8.16 # clear ipv6 statistics ...................................................................................................................................... 36
3.8.17 # clear lacp statistics ...................................................................................................................................... 36
3.8.18 # clear lldp statistics ....................................................................................................................................... 36
3.8.19 # clear logging ................................................................................................................................................ 37
3.8.20 # clear mac address-table .............................................................................................................................. 37
3.8.21 # clear mep .................................................................................................................................................... 37
3.8.22 # clear mvr ..................................................................................................................................................... 37
3.8.23 # clear spanning-tree ..................................................................................................................................... 37
3.8.24 # clear statistics ............................................................................................................................................. 37
3.8.25 # config terminal ............................................................................................................................................ 37
3.8.26 # copy ............................................................................................................................................................. 38
3.8.27 # delete .......................................................................................................................................................... 38
3.8.28 # dir ................................................................................................................................................................ 39
3.8.29 # disable & # enable....................................................................................................................................... 39
3.8.30 # dot1x ........................................................................................................................................................... 39
3.8.31 # erps ............................................................................................................................................................. 40
3.8.32 # firmware swap ............................................................................................................................................ 40
3.8.33 # firmware upgrade ....................................................................................................................................... 40
3.8.34 # ip dhcp retry interface vlan ......................................................................................................................... 40
3.8.35 # more ............................................................................................................................................................ 40
3.8.36 # ping ip ......................................................................................................................................................... 41
3.8.37 # ping ipv6 ...................................................................................................................................................... 41
3.8.38 # reload cold .................................................................................................................................................. 41
3.8.39 # reload defaults ............................................................................................................................................ 41
3.8.40 # send............................................................................................................................................................. 42
3.8.41 # terminal editing........................................................................................................................................... 42
3.8.42 # terminal exec-timeout ................................................................................................................................ 42
3.8.43 # terminal history size .................................................................................................................................... 43
3.8.44 # terminal length ........................................................................................................................................... 43
3.8.45 # terminal width ............................................................................................................................................ 43
3.8.46 # no port-security shutdown ......................................................................................................................... 43
3.8.47 show commands ............................................................................................................................................ 44
3.9 COMMANDS IN CONFIG MODE ........................................................................................................... 44
3.9.1 (config)# aaa authentication login ................................................................................................................... 44
3.9.2 (config)# access management ......................................................................................................................... 44
3.9.3 (config)# access-list .......................................................................................................................................... 45
3.9.3.1 (config)# access-list ace ................................................................................................................................................45
3.9.3.2 (config)# access-list ace update ....................................................................................................................................46
3.9.3.3 (config)# access-list rate-limiter ...................................................................................................................................47
3.9.3.4 (config-if)# access-list action ........................................................................................................................................47
3.9.3.5 (config-if)# access-list logging .......................................................................................................................................47
3.9.3.6 (config-if)# access-list policy .........................................................................................................................................48
3.9.3.7 (config-if)# access-list port-state ..................................................................................................................................48
3.9.3.8 (config-if)# access-list rate-limiter ................................................................................................................................48
3.9.3.9 (config-if)# access-list shutdown ..................................................................................................................................48
3.9.3.10 (config-if)# access-list {redirect| port-copy } ..............................................................................................................48
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.9.4 (config)# aggregation ....................................................................................................................................... 49
3.9.4.1 (config)# aggregation mode .........................................................................................................................................49
3.9.4.2 (config-if)# aggregation group ......................................................................................................................................49
3.9.5 (config)# banner............................................................................................................................................... 50
3.9.5.1 (config)# banner [ motd ] <banner> .............................................................................................................................50
3.9.5.2 (config)# banner exec <banner> ...................................................................................................................................50
3.9.5.3 (config)# banner login <banner> ..................................................................................................................................50
3.9.6 (config)# clock .................................................................................................................................................. 50
3.9.6.1 (config)# clock summer-time <word16> date ..............................................................................................................50
3.9.6.2 (config)# clock summer-time <word16> recurring .......................................................................................................51
3.9.6.3 (config)# clock timezone...............................................................................................................................................52
3.9.7 (config)# default access-list rate-limiter .......................................................................................................... 52
3.9.8 (config)# dot1x ................................................................................................................................................. 52
3.9.8.1 (config)# dot1x system-auth-control ............................................................................................................................52
3.9.8.2 (config)# dot1x re-authentication ................................................................................................................................53
3.9.8.3 (config)# dot1x authentication timer re-authenticate .................................................................................................53
3.9.8.4 (config)# dot1x timeout tx-period ................................................................................................................................54
3.9.8.5 (config)#dot1x authentication timer inactivity .............................................................................................................54
3.9.8.6 (config)# dot1x timeout quiet-period ...........................................................................................................................54
3.9.8.7 (config)# dot1x feature .................................................................................................................................................55
3.9.8.8 (config)# dot1x guest-vlan ............................................................................................................................................55
3.9.8.9 (config)# dot1x guest-vlan supplicant ..........................................................................................................................55
3.9.8.10 (config)# dot1x max-requth-req .................................................................................................................................56
3.9.8.11 (config-if)# dot1x port-control....................................................................................................................................56
3.9.8.12 (config-if)# dot1x guest-vlan.......................................................................................................................................57
3.9.8.13 (config-if)# dot1x radius-qos ......................................................................................................................................57
3.9.8.14 (config-if)# dot1x radius-vlan .....................................................................................................................................58
3.9.8.15 (config-if)# dot1x re-authenticate ..............................................................................................................................58
3.9.9 (config-if)# duplex ............................................................................................................................................ 58
3.9.10 (config)# enable ............................................................................................................................................. 59
3.9.10.1 (config)# enable password .........................................................................................................................................59
3.9.10.2 (config)# enable password level .................................................................................................................................59
3.9.10.3 (config)# enable secret ...............................................................................................................................................59
3.9.11 (config)# erps ................................................................................................................................................. 59
3.9.11.1 (config)# erps <group> guard <guard_time_ms> .......................................................................................................59
3.9.11.2 (config)# erps <group> holdoff <holdoff_time_ms> ..................................................................................................60
3.9.11.3 (config)# erps <group> major port0 interface port1 interface <port_type> <port1> [ interconnect ] .......................60
3.9.11.4 (config)# erps <group> mep port0 sf <p0_sf> aps <p0_aps> port1 sf <p1_sf> aps <p1_aps> ....................................60
3.9.11.5 (config)# erps <group> revertive <wtr_time_minutes> .............................................................................................61
3.9.11.6 (config)# erps <group> rpl { owner | neighbor } { port0 | port1 } ..............................................................................61
3.9.11.7 (config)# erps <group> sub port0 interface <port_type> <port0> { { port1 interface <port_type> <port1> } |
{ interconnect <major_ring_id> [ virtual-channel ] } } ..............................................................................................................62
3.9.11.8 (config)# erps <group> topology-change propagate ..................................................................................................62
3.9.11.9 (config)# erps <group> version { 1 | 2 } ......................................................................................................................62
3.9.11.10 (config)# erps <group> vlan { none | [ add | remove ] <vlans> } ..............................................................................63
3.9.12 (config-if)# excessive-restart ......................................................................................................................... 63
3.9.13 (config-if)# flowcontrol { on | off }................................................................................................................. 63
3.9.14 (config)# gvrp ................................................................................................................................................. 64
3.9.14.1 (config)# gvrp..............................................................................................................................................................64
3.9.14.2 (config)# gvrp max-vlans ............................................................................................................................................64
3.9.14.3 (config)# gvrp time .....................................................................................................................................................64
3.9.14.4 (config-if)# gvrp ..........................................................................................................................................................65
3.9.15 (config)# hostname ........................................................................................................................................ 65
3.9.16 (config)# interface.......................................................................................................................................... 66
3.9.16.1(config)# interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] ) ..............................................................................................................66
3.9.16.2 (config)# interface vlan ...............................................................................................................................................66
3.9.17 (config)# ip ..................................................................................................................................................... 67
3.9.17.1 (config)# ip arp inspection ..........................................................................................................................................67
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.9.17.2 (config)# ip arp inspection entry interface .................................................................................................................67
3.9.17.3 (config)# ip arp inspection translate ...........................................................................................................................67
3.9.17.4 (config)# ip arp inspection vlan ..................................................................................................................................68
3.9.17.5 (config)# ip arp inspection vlan <in_vlan_list> logging ...............................................................................................68
3.9.17.6 (config)# ip dhcp excluded-address ............................................................................................................................68
3.9.17.7 (config)# ip dhcp pool .................................................................................................................................................69
3.9.17.8 (config)# ip dhcp relay ................................................................................................................................................69
3.9.17.9 (config)# ip dhcp relay information circuit-id format .................................................................................................70
3.9.17.10 (config)# ip dhcp relay information option ...............................................................................................................70
3.9.17.11 (config)# ip dhcp relay information policy {drop | keep |replace} ...........................................................................70
3.9.17.12 (config)# ip dhcp relay information remote-id .........................................................................................................71
3.9.17.13 (config)# ip dhcp relay information remote-id format .............................................................................................71
3.9.17.14 (config)# ip dhcp server ............................................................................................................................................71
3.9.17.15 (config)# ip dhcp snooping .......................................................................................................................................72
3.9.17.16 (config)# ip dhcp snooping vlan ................................................................................................................................72
3.9.17.17 (config)# ip dns proxy ...............................................................................................................................................72
3.9.17.18 (config)# ip helper-address .......................................................................................................................................73
3.9.17.19 (config)# ip http secure-server .................................................................................................................................73
3.9.17.20 (config)# ip http secure-redirect...............................................................................................................................73
3.9.17.21 (config)# ip igmp host-proxy.....................................................................................................................................73
3.9.17.22 (config)# ip igmp snooping .......................................................................................................................................74
3.9.17.23 (config)# ip igmp snooping vlan ................................................................................................................................74
3.9.17.24 (config)# ip igmp ssm-range .....................................................................................................................................74
3.9.17.25 (config)# ip igmp unknown-flooding ........................................................................................................................75
3.9.17.26 (config)# ip name-server ..........................................................................................................................................75
3.9.17.27 (config)# ip route ......................................................................................................................................................75
3.9.17.28 (config)# ip routing ...................................................................................................................................................76
3.9.17.29 (config)# ip source binding interface ........................................................................................................................76
3.9.17.30 (config)# ip ssh..........................................................................................................................................................77
3.9.17.31 (config)# ip verify source ..........................................................................................................................................77
3.9.17.32 (config)# ip verify source translate ...........................................................................................................................77
3.9.17.33 (config-if)# ip arp inspection check-type ..................................................................................................................77
3.9.17.34 (config-if)# ip arp inspection check-vlan...................................................................................................................78
3.9.17.35 (config-if)# ip arp inspection logging ........................................................................................................................78
3.9.17.36 (config-if)# ip arp inspection trust ............................................................................................................................78
3.9.17.37 (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping trust ...........................................................................................................................78
3.9.17.38 (config-if)# ip dhcp relay information subscriber-id .................................................................................................79
3.9.17.39 (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping limit ............................................................................................................................79
3.9.17.40 (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping limit maximum ...........................................................................................................79
3.9.17.41 (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping trust ...........................................................................................................................80
3.9.17.42 (config-if)# ip igmp snooping filter ...........................................................................................................................80
3.9.17.43 (config-if)# ip igmp snooping immediate-leave ........................................................................................................80
3.9.17.44 (config-if)# ip igmp snooping max-groups ................................................................................................................80
3.9.17.45 (config-if)# ip igmp snooping mrouter ......................................................................................................................81
3.9.17.46 (config-if)# ip verify source .......................................................................................................................................81
3.9.17.47 (config-if)# ip verify source limit ...............................................................................................................................81
3.9.17.48 (config-if-vlan)# ip address .......................................................................................................................................82
3.9.17.49 (config-if-vlan)# ip dhcp server .................................................................................................................................82
3.9.17.50 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping ............................................................................................................................82
3.9.17.51 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping compatibility ......................................................................................................83
3.9.17.52 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval...............................................................................83
3.9.17.53 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping priority ...............................................................................................................83
3.9.17.54 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping querier ...............................................................................................................84
3.9.17.55 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping query-interval ....................................................................................................84
3.9.17.56 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping query-max-response-time .................................................................................84
3.9.17.57 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping robustness-variable ...........................................................................................84
3.9.17.58 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping unsolicited-report-interval .................................................................................85
3.9.17.59 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 address ...................................................................................................................................85
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.9.17.60 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping ..........................................................................................................................85
3.9.17.61 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping compatibility ....................................................................................................85
3.9.17.62 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping last-member-query-interval .............................................................................86
3.9.17.63 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping priority <cos_priority> .....................................................................................86
3.9.17.64 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping querier election ................................................................................................86
3.9.17.65 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping query-interval <ipmc_qi> .................................................................................87
3.9.17.66 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping query-max-response-time <ipmc_qri>.............................................................87
3.9.17.67 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping robustness-variable <ipmc_rv> ........................................................................87
3.9.17.68 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping unsolicited-report-interval <ipmc_uri> ............................................................87
3.9.18 (config)# ipmc ................................................................................................................................................ 88
3.9.18.1 (config)# ipmc profile .................................................................................................................................................88
3.9.18.2 (config)# ipmc profile <profile_name> .......................................................................................................................88
3.9.18.3 (config)# ipmc range ...................................................................................................................................................88
3.9.18.4 (config-ipmc-profile)# default range ..........................................................................................................................89
3.9.18.5 (config-ipmc-profile)# description ..............................................................................................................................89
3.9.18.6 (config-ipmc-profile)# range .......................................................................................................................................90
3.9.19 (config)# ipv6 mld host-proxy ........................................................................................................................ 90
3.9.19.1 (config)# ipv6 mld host-proxy .....................................................................................................................................90
3.9.19.2 (config)# ipv6 mld host-proxy leave-proxy .................................................................................................................91
3.9.19.3 (config)# ipv6 mld snooping .......................................................................................................................................91
3.9.19.4 (config)# ipv6 mld snooping vlan ................................................................................................................................92
3.9.19.5 (config)# ipv6 mld ssm-range .....................................................................................................................................92
3.9.19.6 (config)# ipv6 mld unknown-flooding ........................................................................................................................92
3.9.19.7 (config)# ipv6 route ....................................................................................................................................................93
3.9.19.8 (config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping filter ...........................................................................................................................93
3.9.19.9 (config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping immediate-leave ........................................................................................................94
3.9.19.10 (config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping max-groups ..............................................................................................................94
3. 9.19.11 (config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping mrouter ...................................................................................................................94
3.9.20 (config)# lacp ................................................................................................................................................. 95
3.9.20.1 (config)# lacp system-priority .....................................................................................................................................95
3.9.20.2 (config-if)# lacp ...........................................................................................................................................................95
3.9.20.3 (config-if)# lacp key ....................................................................................................................................................95
3.9.20.4 (config-if)# lacp port-priority <v_1_to_65535> ..........................................................................................................96
3.9.20.5 (config-if)# lacp role { active | passive }......................................................................................................................96
3.9.20.6 (config-if)# lacp timeout { fast | slow } .......................................................................................................................96
3.9.21 (config)# line .................................................................................................................................................. 97
3.9.21.1 (config)# line ...............................................................................................................................................................97
3.9.21.2 (config-line)# do .........................................................................................................................................................97
3.9.21.3 (config-line)# editing ..................................................................................................................................................98
3.9.21.4 (config-line)# end .......................................................................................................................................................98
3.9.21.5 (config-line)# exec-banner..........................................................................................................................................98
3.9.21.6 (config-line)# exec-timeout ........................................................................................................................................99
3.9.21.7 (config-line)# exit ........................................................................................................................................................99
3.9.21.8 (config-line)# help.......................................................................................................................................................99
3.9.21.9 (config-line)# history size..........................................................................................................................................100
3.9.21.10 (config-line)# length ...............................................................................................................................................100
3.9.21.11 (config-line)# location.............................................................................................................................................101
3.9.21.12 (config-line)# motd-banner ....................................................................................................................................101
3.9.21.13 (config-line)# privilege level ...................................................................................................................................102
3.9.21.14 (config-line)# width ................................................................................................................................................102
3.9.22 (config)# lldp ................................................................................................................................................ 103
3.9.22.1 (config)# lldp holdtime .............................................................................................................................................103
3.9.22.2 (config)# lldp reinit ...................................................................................................................................................103
3.9.22.3 (config)# lldp timer ...................................................................................................................................................103
3.9.22.4 (config)# lldp transmission-delay .............................................................................................................................104
3.9.22.5 (config)# lldp med datum .........................................................................................................................................104
3.9.22.6 (config)# lldp med fast ..............................................................................................................................................105
3.9.22.7 (config)# lldp med location-tlv altitude ....................................................................................................................105
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.9.22.8 (config)# lldp med location-tlv civic-addr .................................................................................................................106
3.9.22.9 (config)# lldp med location-tlv elin-addr ..................................................................................................................107
3.9.22.10 (config)# lldp med location-tlv latitude ..................................................................................................................107
3.9.22.11 (config)# lldp med location-tlv longitude ...............................................................................................................108
3.9.22.12 (config)# lldp med media-vlan-policy .....................................................................................................................108
3.9.22.13 (config-if)# lldp cdp-aware .....................................................................................................................................109
3.9.22.14 (config-if)# lldp med media-vlan policy-list ............................................................................................................109
3.9.22.15 (config-if)# lldp med transmit-tlv............................................................................................................................109
3.9.22.16 (config-if)# lldp receive ...........................................................................................................................................110
3.9.22.17 (config-if)# lldp tlv-select ........................................................................................................................................110
3.9.22.18 (config-if)# lldp transmit .........................................................................................................................................110
3.9.23 (config)# logging .......................................................................................................................................... 110
3.9.23.1 (config)# logging on ..................................................................................................................................................110
3.9.23.2 (config)# logging host ...............................................................................................................................................111
3.9.23.3 (config)# logging level ...............................................................................................................................................111
3.9.24 (config)# loop-protect .................................................................................................................................. 112
3.9.24.1 (config)# loop-protect ..............................................................................................................................................112
3.9.24.2 (config)# loop-protect shutdown-time .....................................................................................................................112
3.9.24.3 (config)# loop-protect transmit-time .......................................................................................................................112
3.9.24.4 (config-if)# loop-protect ...........................................................................................................................................113
3.9.24.5 (config-if)# loop-protect action ................................................................................................................................113
3.9.24.6 (config-if)# loop-protect tx-mode .............................................................................................................................113
3.9.25 (config)# mac ............................................................................................................................................... 114
3.9.25.1 (config)# mac address-table aging-time ...................................................................................................................114
3.9.25.2 (config)# mac address-table static ............................................................................................................................114
3.9.25.3 (config-if)# mac address-table learning ....................................................................................................................115
3.9.26 (config-if)# media-type ................................................................................................................................ 115
3.9.27 (config-if)# mtu ............................................................................................................................................ 115
3.9.28 (config)# mep ............................................................................................................................................... 116
3.9.28.1 (config)# mep <inst> .................................................................................................................................................116
3.9.28.2 (config)# mep <inst> ais ...........................................................................................................................................117
3.9.28.3 (config)# mep <inst> aps ..........................................................................................................................................117
3.9.28.4 (config)# mep <inst> cc ............................................................................................................................................118
3.9.28.5 (config)# mep <inst> client domain ..........................................................................................................................118
3.9.28.6 (config)# mep <inst> client flow ...............................................................................................................................118
3.9.28.7 (config)# mep <inst> dm ...........................................................................................................................................119
3.9.28.8 (config)# mep <inst> dm ns ......................................................................................................................................120
3.9.28.9 (config)# mep <inst> dm overflow-reset ..................................................................................................................120
3.9.28.10 (config)# mep <inst> dm proprietary......................................................................................................................120
3.9.28.11 (config)# mep <inst> dm syncronized .....................................................................................................................121
3.9.28.12 (config)# mep <inst> lb ...........................................................................................................................................121
3.9.28.13 (config)# mep <inst> lck .........................................................................................................................................122
3.9.28.14 (config)# mep <inst> level ......................................................................................................................................122
3.9.28.15 (config)# mep <inst> lm ..........................................................................................................................................122
3.9.28.16 (config)# mep <inst> lt ............................................................................................................................................123
3.9.28.17 (config)# mep <inst> meg-id ...................................................................................................................................123
3.9.28.18 (config)# mep <inst> peer-mep-id ..........................................................................................................................124
3.9.28.19 (config)# mep <inst> performance-monitoring ......................................................................................................124
3.9.28.20 (config)# mep <inst> tst ..........................................................................................................................................124
3.9.28.21 (config)# mep <inst> tst rx ......................................................................................................................................125
3.9.28.22 (config)# mep <inst> tst tx ......................................................................................................................................125
3.9.28.23 (config)# mep <inst> vid .........................................................................................................................................126
3.9.28.24 (config)# mep <inst> voe ........................................................................................................................................126
3.9.29 (config)# monitor ......................................................................................................................................... 126
3.9.29.1 (config)# monitor destination interface ...................................................................................................................126
3.9.29.2 (config)# monitor source ..........................................................................................................................................127
3.9.30 (config)# mvr ................................................................................................................................................ 127
3.9.30.1 (config)# mvr ............................................................................................................................................................127
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3.9.30.2 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> channel...............................................................................................................127
3.9.30.3 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> frame priority .....................................................................................................128
3.9.30.4 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> frame tagged ......................................................................................................128
3.9.30.5 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> igmp-address......................................................................................................129
3.9.30.6 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> last-member-query-interval ...............................................................................129
3.9.30.7 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> mode ..................................................................................................................130
3.9.30.8 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> ...............................................................................................................................130
3.9.30.9 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> channel .................................................................................................................131
3.9.30.10 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> frame priority .....................................................................................................131
3.9.30.11 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> frame tagged.......................................................................................................132
3.9.30.12 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> igmp-address ......................................................................................................132
3.9.30.13 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> last-member-query-interval...............................................................................133
3.9.30.14 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> mode ...................................................................................................................133
3.9.30.15 (config-if)# mvr immediate-leave ...........................................................................................................................134
3.9.30.16 (config-if)# mvr name .............................................................................................................................................134
3.9.30.17 (config-if)# mvr vlan ...............................................................................................................................................134
3.9.31 (config)# ntp................................................................................................................................................. 135
3.9.31.1 (config)# ntp .............................................................................................................................................................135
3.9.31.2 (config)# ntp server ..................................................................................................................................................135
3.9.32 (config)# port-security ................................................................................................................................. 136
3.9.32.1 (config)# port-security ..............................................................................................................................................136
3.9.32.2 (config)# port-security aging ....................................................................................................................................136
3.9.32.3 (config)# port-security aging time ............................................................................................................................136
3.9.32.4 (config-if)# port-security...........................................................................................................................................137
3.9.32.5 (config-if)# port-security maximum ..........................................................................................................................137
3.9.32.6 (config-if)# port-security violation ............................................................................................................................138
3.9.33 (config)# privilege ........................................................................................................................................ 138
3.9.34 (config-if)# pvlan .......................................................................................................................................... 139
3.9.34.1 (config-if)# pvlan.......................................................................................................................................................139
3.9.34.2 (config-if)# pvlan isolation ........................................................................................................................................139
3.9.35 (config)# qos ................................................................................................................................................ 140
3.9.35.1 (config)# qos map cos-dscp ......................................................................................................................................140
3.9.35.2 (config)# qos map dscp-classify ................................................................................................................................140
3.9.35.3 (config)# qos map dscp-cos ......................................................................................................................................141
3.9.35.4 (config)# qos map dscp-egress-translation...............................................................................................................142
3.9.35.5 (config)# qos map dscp-ingress-translation..............................................................................................................143
3.9.35.6 (config)# qos qce refresh ..........................................................................................................................................144
3.9.35.7 (config)# qos qce update ..........................................................................................................................................144
3.9.35.8 (config)# qos wred queue .........................................................................................................................................146
3.9.35.9 (config-if)# qos dscp-classify .....................................................................................................................................147
3.9.35.10 (config-if)# qos dscp-remark...................................................................................................................................147
3.9.35.11 (config-if)# qos dscp-translate ................................................................................................................................147
3.9.35.12 (config-if)# qos map cos-tag ...................................................................................................................................148
3.9.35.13 (config-if)# qos ingress queue-shaper ....................................................................................................................148
3.9.35.14 (config-if)# qos egress shaper .................................................................................................................................149
3.9.35.15 (config-if)# qos egress tag-remark ..........................................................................................................................149
3.9.35.16 (config-if)# qos egress wrr ......................................................................................................................................149
3.9.35.17 (config-if)# qos ingress cos .....................................................................................................................................150
3.9.35.18 (config-if)# qos ingress dei ......................................................................................................................................150
3.9.35.19 (config-if)# qos ingress dpl .....................................................................................................................................150
3.9.35.20 (config-if)# qos ingress map tag-cos .......................................................................................................................151
3.9.35.21 (config-if)# qos ingress pcp .....................................................................................................................................151
3.9.35.22 (config-if)# qos policer ............................................................................................................................................151
3.9.35.23 (config-if)# qos ingress queue-policer ....................................................................................................................152
3.9.35.24 (config-if)# qos ingress shaper ................................................................................................................................152
3.9.35.25 (config-if)# qos ingress trust dscp ...........................................................................................................................153
3.9.35.26 (config-if)# qos ingress trust tag .............................................................................................................................153
3.9.35.27 (config-if)# qos storm .............................................................................................................................................153
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.9.36 (config)# radius-server ................................................................................................................................. 154
3.9.36.1 (config)# radius-server attribute 32 .........................................................................................................................154
3.9.36.2 (config)# radius-server attribute 4 ...........................................................................................................................154
3.9.36.3 (config)# radius-server attribute 95 .........................................................................................................................154
3.9.36.4 (config)# radius-server deadtime .............................................................................................................................155
3.9.36.5 (config)# radius-server host......................................................................................................................................155
3.9.36.6 (config)# radius-server key .......................................................................................................................................156
3.9.36.7 (config)# radius-server retransmit ............................................................................................................................156
3.9.36.8 (config)# radius-server timeout ................................................................................................................................156
3.9.37 (config)# ring ................................................................................................................................................ 157
3.9.37.1 (config)# ring <instance> chain.................................................................................................................................157
3.9.37.2 (config)# ring <instance> ring ...................................................................................................................................157
3.9.37.3 (config)# ring <instance> sub....................................................................................................................................158
3.9.38 (config)# rmon ............................................................................................................................................. 158
3.9.38.1 (config)# rmon alarm ................................................................................................................................................158
3.9.38.2(config)# rmon event .................................................................................................................................................160
3.9.38.3 (config-if)# rmon collection history ..........................................................................................................................160
3.9.38.4 (config-if)# rmon collection stats..............................................................................................................................160
3.9.39 (config-if)# shutdown................................................................................................................................... 161
3.9.40 (config)# snmp-server .................................................................................................................................. 161
3.9.40.1 (config)# snmp-server...............................................................................................................................................161
3.9.40.2 (config)# snmp-server access ...................................................................................................................................161
3.9.40.3 (config)# snmp-server community v2c .....................................................................................................................162
3.9.40.4 (config)# snmp-server community v3 .......................................................................................................................162
3.9.40.5 (config)# snmp-server contact ..................................................................................................................................163
3.9.40.6 (config)# snmp-server engine-id local ......................................................................................................................163
3.9.40.7 (config)# snmp-server host .......................................................................................................................................163
3.9.40.8 (config)# snmp-server location .................................................................................................................................164
3.9.40.9 (config)# snmp-server security-to-group model .......................................................................................................164
3.9.40.10 (config)# snmp-server trap .....................................................................................................................................165
3.9.40.11 (config)# snmp-server user .....................................................................................................................................165
3.9.40.12 (config)# snmp-server version ................................................................................................................................166
3.9.40.13 (config)# snmp-server view ....................................................................................................................................166
3.9.40.14 (config-if)# snmp-server host <conf_name> traps .................................................................................................167
3.9.40.15 (config-snmps-host)# alarm....................................................................................................................................167
3.9.40.16 (config-snmps-host)# host <v_ipv6_ucast> ............................................................................................................167
3.9.40.17 (config-snmps-host)# host <v_ipv4_ucast> ............................................................................................................168
3.9.40.18 (config-snmps-host)# version .................................................................................................................................168
3.9.40.19 (config-snmps-host)# informs retries .....................................................................................................................169
3.9.40.20 (config-snmps-host)# shutdown .............................................................................................................................169
3.9.40.21 (config-snmps-host)# traps.....................................................................................................................................169
3.9.41 (config)# spanning-tree................................................................................................................................ 170
3.9.41.1 (config)# spanning-tree aggregation ........................................................................................................................170
3.9.41.2 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree ..............................................................................................................................170
3.9.41.3 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree auto-edge.............................................................................................................170
3.9.41.4 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree bpdu-guard ..........................................................................................................171
3.9.41.5 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree edge .....................................................................................................................171
3.9.41.6 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree link-type ...............................................................................................................171
3.9.41.7 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree mst <instance> cost .............................................................................................172
3.9.41.8 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree mst <instance> port-priority ................................................................................172
3.9.41.9 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree restricted-role ......................................................................................................172
3.9.41.10 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree restricted-tcn .....................................................................................................173
3.9.41.11 (config)# spanning-tree edge bpdu-filter ...............................................................................................................173
3.9.41.12 (config)# spanning-tree edge bpdu-guard ..............................................................................................................173
3.9.41.13 (config)# spanning-tree mode ................................................................................................................................174
3.9.41.14 (config)# spanning-tree mst <instance> priority <prio> .........................................................................................174
3.9.41.15 (config)# spanning-tree mst <instance> vlan <v_vlan_list> ....................................................................................174
3.9.41.16 (config)# spanning-tree mst forward-time .............................................................................................................175
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.9.41.17 (config)# spanning-tree mst max-age .....................................................................................................................175
3.9.41.18 (config)# spanning-tree mst max-hops ...................................................................................................................176
3.9.41.19 (config)# spanning-tree mst name .........................................................................................................................176
3.9.41.20 (config)# spanning-tree recovery interval ..............................................................................................................177
3.9.41.21 (config)# spanning-tree transmit hold-count .........................................................................................................177
3.9.41.22 (config-if)# spanning-tree .......................................................................................................................................177
3.9.41.23 (config-if)# spanning-tree auto-edge ......................................................................................................................178
3.9.41.24 (config-if)# spanning-tree bpdu-guard ...................................................................................................................178
3.9.41.25 (config-if)# spanning-tree edge ..............................................................................................................................178
3.9.41.26 (config-if)# spanning-tree link-type ........................................................................................................................178
3.9.41.27 (config-if)# spanning-tree mst <instance> cost ......................................................................................................179
3.9.41.28 (config-if)# spanning-tree mst <instance> port-priority .........................................................................................179
3.9.41.29 (config-if)# spanning-tree restricted-role ...............................................................................................................180
3.9.41.30 (config-if)# spanning-tree restricted-tcn ................................................................................................................180
3.9.42 (config-if)# speed ......................................................................................................................................... 180
3.9.43 (config)# switchport ..................................................................................................................................... 180
3.9.43.1 (config)# switchport vlan mapping ...........................................................................................................................180
3.9.43.2 (config-if)# switchport access vlan ...........................................................................................................................181
3.9.43.3 (config-if)# switchport forbidden vlan ......................................................................................................................181
3.9.43.4 (config-if)# switchport hybrid acceptable-frame-type.............................................................................................182
3.9.43.5 (config-if)# switchport hybrid allowed vlan ..............................................................................................................182
3.9.43.6 (config-if)# switchport hybrid egress-tag .................................................................................................................182
3.9.43.7 (config-if)# switchport hybrid ingress-filtering .........................................................................................................183
3.9.43.8 (config-if)# switchport hybrid native vlan.................................................................................................................183
3.9.43.9 (config-if)# switchport hybrid port-type ...................................................................................................................184
3.9.43.10 (config-if)# switchport mode ..................................................................................................................................184
3.9.43.11 (config-if)# switchport trunk allowed vlan .............................................................................................................185
3.9.43.12 (config-if)# switchport trunk native vlan ................................................................................................................185
3.9.43.13 (config-if)# switchport trunk vlan tag native ..........................................................................................................186
3.9.43.14 (config-if)# switchport vlan ip-subnet id.................................................................................................................186
3.9.43.15 (config-if)# switchport vlan mac .............................................................................................................................186
3.9.43.16 (config-if)# switchport vlan mapping ......................................................................................................................187
3.9.43.17 (config-if)# switchport vlan protocol group ............................................................................................................187
3.9.43.18 (config-if)# switchport voice vlan discovery-protocol ............................................................................................187
3.9.43.19 (config-if)# switchport voice vlan mode .................................................................................................................188
3.9.43.20 (config-if)# switchport voice vlan security ..............................................................................................................188
3.9.44 (config)# tacacs-server ................................................................................................................................. 188
3.9.44.1 (config)# tacacs-server timeout ................................................................................................................................188
3.9.44.2 (config)# tacacs-server deadtime .............................................................................................................................189
3.9.44.3 (config)# tacacs-server key .......................................................................................................................................189
3.9.44.4 (config)# tacacs-server host .....................................................................................................................................189
3.9.45 (config)# upnp .............................................................................................................................................. 190
3.9.45.1 (config)# upnp ..........................................................................................................................................................190
3.9.45.2 (config)# upnp advertising-duration .........................................................................................................................190
3.9.45.3 (config)# upnp ttl ......................................................................................................................................................190
3.9.46 (config)# username ...................................................................................................................................... 191
3.9.46.1 (config)# username<username>privilege<priv>password encrypted ......................................................................191
3.9.46.2 (config)# username<username>privilege<priv>password none ..............................................................................191
3.9.46.3 (config)# username<username>privilege<priv>password unencrypted ..................................................................192
3.9.47 (config)# vlan ............................................................................................................................................... 193
3.9.47.1 (config)# vlan ............................................................................................................................................................193
3.9.47.2 (config)# vlan ethertype s-custom-port ....................................................................................................................193
3.9.47.3 (config)# vlan protocol .............................................................................................................................................194
3.9.48 (config)# web privilege group ...................................................................................................................... 195
CHAPTER 4. WEB OPERATION & CONFIGURATION .................................................................. 197
4.1 WEB MANAGEMENT INTERFACE CONNECTION & LOGIN ......................................................................... 197
4.2 ICONS & BUTTONS......................................................................................................................... 198
12
TABLE OF CONTENTS
4.2.1 Port Status ..................................................................................................................................................... 198
4.2.2 Refresh ........................................................................................................................................................... 198
4.2.3 Help System ................................................................................................................................................... 198
4.2.4 Logout ............................................................................................................................................................ 198
4.3 CONFIGURATION ........................................................................................................................... 199
4.3.1 System............................................................................................................................................................ 199
4.3.1.1 System Information Configuration .............................................................................................................................199
4.3.1.2 System Information ....................................................................................................................................................200
4.3.1.3 System IP ....................................................................................................................................................................200
4.3.1.4 System IP Status ........................................................................................................................................................201
4.3.1.5 System NTP .................................................................................................................................................................202
4.3.1.6 System Time ...............................................................................................................................................................202
4.3.1.7 System Log Configuration ..........................................................................................................................................203
4.3.1.8 System Log Information.............................................................................................................................................204
4.3.1.9 System Detailed Log ..................................................................................................................................................205
4.3.1.10 Power .......................................................................................................................................................................205
4.3.1.11 System CPU Load ......................................................................................................................................................205
4.3.1.12 System SMTP ............................................................................................................................................................206
4.3.2 Ports ............................................................................................................................................................... 208
4.3.2.1 Configuration ..............................................................................................................................................................208
4.3.2.2 Ports State ..................................................................................................................................................................209
4.3.2.3 Ports Traffic Overview ................................................................................................................................................210
4.3.2.4 Ports QoS Statistics .....................................................................................................................................................210
4.3.2.5 Ports QCL Status .........................................................................................................................................................211
4.3.2.6 Ports Detailed Statistics ..............................................................................................................................................212
4.3.2.7 Ports SFP .....................................................................................................................................................................213
4.3.3 Security .......................................................................................................................................................... 214
4.3.3.1 Switch .........................................................................................................................................................................215
4.3.3.1.1 Users ...................................................................................................................................................................215
4.3.3.1.2 Privilege Levels ....................................................................................................................................................215
4.3.3.1.3 Auth Method .......................................................................................................................................................217
4.3.3.1.4 SSH ......................................................................................................................................................................217
4.3.3.1.5 HTTPS ..................................................................................................................................................................218
4.3.3.1.6 Access Management ..........................................................................................................................................218
4.3.3.1.6.1 Access Management Configuration .............................................................................................................218
4.3.3.1.6.2 Access Management Statistics .....................................................................................................................219
4.3.3.1.7 SNMP..................................................................................................................................................................219
4.3.3.1.7.1 SNMP System Configuration ........................................................................................................................219
4.3.3.1.7.2 Alarm Configuration ....................................................................................................................................220
4.3.3.1.7.3 SNMPv3 Community Configuration .............................................................................................................223
4.3.3.1.7.4 SNMPv3 User Configuration ........................................................................................................................223
4.3.3.1.7.5 SNMPv3 Group Configuration .....................................................................................................................225
4.3.3.1.7.6 SNMPv3 View Configuration ........................................................................................................................225
4.3.3.1.7.7 SNMPv3 Access Configuration .....................................................................................................................226
4.3.3.1.8 RMON..................................................................................................................................................................226
4.3.3.1.8.1 RMON Statistics Configuration ....................................................................................................................226
4.3.3.1.8.2 RMON History Configuration .......................................................................................................................227
4.3.3.1.8.3 RMON Alarm Configuration .........................................................................................................................227
4.3.3.1.8.4 RMON Event Configuration .........................................................................................................................229
4.3.3.1.8.5 RMON Statistics Overview ...........................................................................................................................229
4.3.3.1.8.6 History Overview .........................................................................................................................................230
4.3.3.1.8.7 Alarm Overview ...........................................................................................................................................231
4.3.3.1.8.8 Event Overview ............................................................................................................................................232
4.3.3.2 Network ......................................................................................................................................................................232
4.3.3.2.1 Port Security ........................................................................................................................................................232
4.3.3.2.1.1 Limit Control ................................................................................................................................................232
4.3.3.2.1.2 Switch Status ...............................................................................................................................................234
4.3.3.2.1.3 Port Statistics ...............................................................................................................................................235
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
4.3.3.2.2 NAS ......................................................................................................................................................................235
4.3.3.2.2.1 Configuration ...............................................................................................................................................235
4.3.3.2.2.2 Switch Status ...............................................................................................................................................239
4.3.3.2.2.3 Port Statistics ...............................................................................................................................................239
4.3.3.2.3 ACL ......................................................................................................................................................................240
4.3.3.2.3.1 Ports ............................................................................................................................................................240
4.3.3.2.3.2 Rate Limiters ................................................................................................................................................242
4.3.3.2.3.3 Access Control List .......................................................................................................................................242
4.3.3.2.3.4 ACL Status ....................................................................................................................................................246
4.3.3.2.4 DHCP ...................................................................................................................................................................247
4.3.3.2.4.1 DHCP Server Statistics..................................................................................................................................247
4.3.3.2.4.2 DHCP Server Binding IP ................................................................................................................................248
4.3.3.2.4.3 DHCP Server Declined IP ..............................................................................................................................249
4.3.3.2.4.4 DHCP Server Mode Configuration ...............................................................................................................249
4.3.3.2.4.5 DHCP Server Excluded IP Configuration.......................................................................................................249
4.3.3.2.4.6 DHCP Server Pool Configuration ..................................................................................................................250
4.3.3.2.4.7 Snooping Configuration ...............................................................................................................................252
4.3.3.2.4.8 Snooping Table ............................................................................................................................................253
4.3.3.2.4.9 Relay Configuration .....................................................................................................................................253
4.3.3.2.4.10 Relay Statistics ...........................................................................................................................................255
4.3.3.2.5 IP Source Guard...................................................................................................................................................256
4.3.3.2.5.1 Configuration ...............................................................................................................................................256
4.3.3.2.5.2 Static Table ..................................................................................................................................................257
4.3.3.2.5.3 Dynamic Table .............................................................................................................................................257
4.3.3.2.6 ARP inspection ....................................................................................................................................................258
4.3.3.2.6.1 Port Configuration .......................................................................................................................................258
4.3.3.2.6.2 VLAN Configuration .....................................................................................................................................259
4.3.3.2.6.3 Static Table ..................................................................................................................................................259
4.3.3.2.6.4 Dynamic Table Configuration ......................................................................................................................260
4.3.3.2.6.5 Dynamic Table Status ..................................................................................................................................260
4.3.3.3 RADIUS .......................................................................................................................................................................261
4.3.3.3.1 Configuration ......................................................................................................................................................261
4.3.3.3.2 RADIUS Overview ................................................................................................................................................262
4.3.3.3.3 RADIUS Details ....................................................................................................................................................263
4.3.3.3.4 TACACS+ ..............................................................................................................................................................265
4.3.4 Aggregation .................................................................................................................................................... 266
4.3.4.1 Static ...........................................................................................................................................................................266
4.3.4.2 LACP............................................................................................................................................................................267
4.3.4.2.1 LACP Configuration .............................................................................................................................................267
4.3.4.2.2 System Status ......................................................................................................................................................268
4.3.4.2.3 Port Status...........................................................................................................................................................268
4.3.4.2.4 Port Statistics ......................................................................................................................................................269
4.3.5 Redundancy ................................................................................................................................................... 270
4.3.5.1 u-Ring .........................................................................................................................................................................270
4.3.5.1.1 Configuration ......................................................................................................................................................270
4.3.5.1.2 Status ..................................................................................................................................................................272
4.3.5.2 Loop Protection ..........................................................................................................................................................273
4.3.5.2.1 Configuration ......................................................................................................................................................274
4.3.5.2.2 Status ..................................................................................................................................................................275
4.3.5.3 Spanning Tree .............................................................................................................................................................275
4.3.5.3.1 Bridge Settings ....................................................................................................................................................276
4.3.5.3.2 MSTI Mapping .....................................................................................................................................................278
4.3.5.3.3 MSTI Priorities .....................................................................................................................................................278
4.3.5.3.4 CIST Ports ............................................................................................................................................................279
4.3.5.3.5 MSTI Ports ...........................................................................................................................................................280
4.3.5.3.6 Bridge Status .......................................................................................................................................................281
4.3.5.3.7 Port Status...........................................................................................................................................................283
4.3.5.3.8 Port Statistics ......................................................................................................................................................284
14
TABLE OF CONTENTS
4.3.5.4 MEP (Y.1731) ..............................................................................................................................................................284
4.3.5.5 ERPS (G.8032) .............................................................................................................................................................293
4.3.6 IPMC Profile ................................................................................................................................................... 294
4.3.6.1 Profile Table................................................................................................................................................................294
4.3.6.2 Address Entry .............................................................................................................................................................295
4.3.7 MVR ............................................................................................................................................................... 296
4.3.7.1 Configuration ..............................................................................................................................................................296
4.3.7.2 MVR Statistics .............................................................................................................................................................298
4.3.7.3 MVR Channel Groups .................................................................................................................................................298
4.3.7.4 MVR SFM Information ................................................................................................................................................298
4.3.8 IPMC ............................................................................................................................................................... 299
4.3.8.1 IGMP Snooping ...........................................................................................................................................................299
4.3.8.1.1 Basic Configuration .............................................................................................................................................300
4.3.8.1.2 VLAN Configuration .............................................................................................................................................301
4.3.8.1.3 Port Filtering Profile ............................................................................................................................................302
4.3.8.1.4 IGMP Snooping Status .........................................................................................................................................302
4.3.8.1.5 Grops Information ...............................................................................................................................................304
4.3.8.1.6 IPv4 SFM Information..........................................................................................................................................304
4.3.8.2 MLD Snooping ............................................................................................................................................................304
4.3.8.2.1 Basic Configuration .............................................................................................................................................305
4.3.8.2.2 VLAN Configuration .............................................................................................................................................306
4.3.8.2.3 Port Filtering Profile ............................................................................................................................................307
4.3.8.2.4 MLD Snooping Status ..........................................................................................................................................308
4.3.8.2.5 Groups Information.............................................................................................................................................309
4.3.8.2.6 IPv6 SFM Information..........................................................................................................................................309
4.3.9 LLDP ............................................................................................................................................................... 310
4.3.9.1 LLDP Configuration .....................................................................................................................................................310
4.3.9.2 LLDP-MED ...................................................................................................................................................................311
4.3.9.3 Neighbours .................................................................................................................................................................314
4.3.9.4 LLDP-MED Neighbours ...............................................................................................................................................314
4.3.9.5 Port Statistics ..............................................................................................................................................................314
4.3.10 MAC Table .................................................................................................................................................... 316
4.3.10.1 Configuration ............................................................................................................................................................316
4.3.10.2 MAC Address Table ..................................................................................................................................................317
4.3.11 VLANs ........................................................................................................................................................... 317
4.3.11.1 Configuration ............................................................................................................................................................318
4.3.11.2 Membership .............................................................................................................................................................321
4.3.11.3 Ports .........................................................................................................................................................................321
4.3.11.4 VLAN Translation ......................................................................................................................................................322
4.3.11.4.1 Port to Group Mapping .....................................................................................................................................323
4.3.11.4.2 VID Translation Mapping...................................................................................................................................323
4.3.12 Private VLANs............................................................................................................................................... 324
4.3.12.1 PVLAN Membership .................................................................................................................................................324
4.3.12.2 Port Isolation ............................................................................................................................................................324
4.3.13 GVRP ............................................................................................................................................................ 325
4.3.13.1 Global Config ............................................................................................................................................................325
4.3.13.2 Port Config ................................................................................................................................................................325
4.3.14 VCL ............................................................................................................................................................... 326
4.3.14.1 MAC-based VLAN .....................................................................................................................................................326
4.3.14.2 Protocol-based VLAN ................................................................................................................................................327
4.3.14.2.1 Protocol to Group .............................................................................................................................................327
4.3.14.2.2 Group to VLAN ..................................................................................................................................................328
4.3.14.3 IP Subnet-based VLAN ..............................................................................................................................................329
4.3.15 QoS............................................................................................................................................................... 329
4.3.15.1 Ingress ......................................................................................................................................................................330
4.3.15.1.1 Port Classification..............................................................................................................................................330
4.3.15.1.2 Port Shaping ......................................................................................................................................................331
4.2.15.1.3 Port Policing ......................................................................................................................................................332
15
TABLE OF CONTENTS
4.3.15.1.4 Queue Policing ..................................................................................................................................................333
4.3.15.2 Egress .......................................................................................................................................................................334
4.3.15.2.1 Port Scheduler ...................................................................................................................................................334
4.3.15.2.2 Port Shaping ......................................................................................................................................................336
4.3.15.2.3 Port Tag Remarking ...........................................................................................................................................337
4.3.15.3 Port DSCP..................................................................................................................................................................338
4.3.15.4 DSCP-Based QoS Ingress Classification .....................................................................................................................339
4.3.15.5 DSCP Translation ......................................................................................................................................................340
4.3.15.6 DSCP Classification ...................................................................................................................................................340
4.3.15.7 QoS Control List ........................................................................................................................................................341
4.3.15.8 Storm Control ...........................................................................................................................................................344
4.3.15.9 WRED........................................................................................................................................................................344
4.3.16 Mirroring ...................................................................................................................................................... 345
4.3.17 UPnP ............................................................................................................................................................ 345
4.3.18 L2CP ............................................................................................................................................................. 346
4.3.19 Diagnostics ................................................................................................................................................... 347
4.3.19.1 Ping ...........................................................................................................................................................................347
4.3.19.2 Ping6 .........................................................................................................................................................................347
4.3.20 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................................ 348
4.3.20.1 Reboot ......................................................................................................................................................................348
4.3.20.2 Factory Defaults .......................................................................................................................................................348
4.3.20.3 Software ...................................................................................................................................................................348
4.3.20.3.1 Upload ...............................................................................................................................................................348
4.3.20.3.2 Image Select ......................................................................................................................................................349
4.3.20.4 Configuration ............................................................................................................................................................349
4.3.20.4.1 Save running-config to startup-config ...............................................................................................................349
4.3.20.4.2 Backup...............................................................................................................................................................349
4.3.20.4.3 Restore ..............................................................................................................................................................350
4.3.20.4.4 Activate .............................................................................................................................................................350
4.3.20.4.5 Delete ................................................................................................................................................................350
16
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 Welcome
Welcome and thank you for purchasing this "Industrial Strength" product from CTC Union. We hope this product
is everything you wanted and more. Our Product Managers and R&D team have placed a "quality first" motto in our
development of this series of Ethernet switches with the desire of providing a highly stable and reliable product that
will give years of trouble free operation. We are so sure of our product design, we offer an unconditional 5 years
warrantee.
In this chapter we will introduce all of the various models available in this series. These models can all be rack
mounted. Chapter 2 will describe the mounting and installation methods. All the models in this series utilize almost
identical management interfaces, whether using serial console and CLI (command line interface) commands, Telnet,
SSH, HTTP (Web GUI) or SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol). Chapter 4 will detail all of the configuration
settings by using an easy to point and click Web interface which can be accessed from any available web browser.
1.2 Product Description
ICS-G24S2X &ICS-G24S4X models are managed industrial grade core switches that provide stable and reliable
Ethernet transmission. ICS-G24S2X switches are equipped with 24 Gigabit SFP slots, 4 GbE combo ports and 2 10Gbps
SFP+ ports; while ICS-G24S4X switches are with 24 Gigabit SFP slots, 4 GbE combo ports and 4 10Gbps SFP+ ports.
These core switches provide a wide variety of redundant mechanisms to increase the reliability of network
communications such as redundant and isolated power supplies (2AC, 2DC, 1AC+1DC), STP/RSTP/MSTP and ITU-T
G.8032 Ethernet Ring Protection Switching. Apart from redundancy mechanism, advanced layer 2 management
functions such as VLAN, QoS, IGMP are also supported. ICS-G24S2X & ICS-G24S4X Series are designed without fans
and with IP30 rugged metal housing to meet demands of industrial grade and core layer applications.
1.2.1 ICS-G24S2X
The ICS-G24S2X is an Industrial grade core switch for commercial temperature range of -10°C to +60°C. There are
24 100/1000M SFP with 4 GbE Combo ports and 2 10GbE SFP+. ICS-G24S2X switches offer three type of power supply
on the rear panel. Users can choose 2 AC powers, 2 DC powers or the combination of one AC and one DC power. On
the rear panel, a 3-pin Alarm Relay terminal block is also provided to notify alarm events when programmable events
occur. See below for overview for front panel and rear panel.
Figure 1. ICS-G24S2X Front Panel
1.2.2 ICS-G24S4X
The ICS-G24S4X is an Industrial grade core switch for commercial temperature range of -10°C to +60°C. There are
24 100/1000M SFP with 4 GbE Combo ports and 4 10GbE SFP+. ICS-G24S4X switches offer three type of power supply
on the rear panel. Users can choose 2 AC powers, 2 DC powers or the combination of one AC and one DC power. On
the rear panel, a 3-pin Alarm Relay terminal block is also provided to notify alarm events when programmable events
occur. See below for overview for front panel and rear panel.
Figure 2. ICS-G24S4X Front Panel
17
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.3 Product Features























24 x 100/1000 SFP with 4 GbE Combo ports plus 2 10GbE SFP+ (ICS-G24S2X)
24 x 100/1000 SFP with 4 GbE Combo ports plus 4 10GbE SFP+ (ICS-G24S4X)
Support isolated Low Voltage (24/48VDC) and High Voltage AC/DC (88~264 VAC / 88~300VDC) power inputs
IP30 rugged metal housing and fanless design
Wide operating temperature range -10°C~60°C
Support many advanced Ethernet L2 functions
Support proprietary u-Ring and provide up to 14 instances for ring redundancy applications
Support IEEE1588 PTPv2 for precise time synchronization
Console, Telnet, Web and SNMP management
CE, FCC, EN 50121-4 certified, EN61000-6-2, EN61000-6-4, UL60950-1
Support SmartView for centralized management and Smart Config for quick and easy installation
Support IEEE802.3az EEE (Energy Efficient Ethernet) Management to optimize power consumption
STP, RSTP, MSTP, ITU-T G.8032 Ethernet Protection Ring(EPR) for cabling redundancy
QoS, Traffic classification QoS, CoS, Band width control for Ingress and Egress, broadcast storm control, DiffServ
IEEE802.1q VLAN, MAC based VLAN, IP subnet based VLAN, Protocol based VLAN, VLAN translation, MVR
Dynamic IEEE 802.3ad LACP Link Aggregation, Static Link Aggregation
IGMP/MLD snooping V1/V2/V3, IGMP Filtering / Throttling, IGMP query, IGMP proxy reporting, MLD snooping
Security: Port based and MAC based IEEE802.1X, RADIUS, ACL, TACACS+, HTTP/HTTPS
CLI, Web based management, SNMP v1/v2c/v3, Telnet server for management
Software upgrade via TFTP and HTTP, dual partitioned flash for quick recovery from upgrade failure
DHCP client/Relay/Snooping/Snooping option 82/Relay option 82
RMON, MIB II, port mirroring, event syslog, DNS, NTP/SNTP, IEEE802.1ab LLDP
Support IPv6 Telnet server /ICMP v6, SNMP, HTTP, SSH/SSL, NTP/SNTP, TFTP
18
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.4 Product Specifications
Standards
Switch
Mechanical
IEEE 802.3
IEEE 802.3u
IEEE 802.3ab
IEEE 802.3z
IEEE 802 3ae
IEEE 802.1d
IEEE 802.1w
IEEE 802.1s
ITU-T G.8032 / Y.1344
IEEE 802.1Q
IEEE 802.1X
IEEE 802.3ad
IEEE 802.3x
IEEE 802.1ad
IEEE 802.1p
IEEE 802.1ab
IEEE 802.3az
VLAN Groups
Switching Fabric
Data Processing
Flow Control
MTU
MAC Table
Memory Buffer
Dimensions
Mounting kits
Weight
Power
Environment
Certifications
Power Supply
Operating Temp.
Storage Temp.
Humidity
EMC
EMI
Immunity & Emission for
Heavy Industrial
Environment
EMS
Railway Traffic
Safety
Shock
Freefall
Vibration
10Base-T 10Mbit/s Ethernet
100Base-TX, 100Base-FX, Fast Ethernet
1000Base-T Gbit/s Ethernet over twisted pair
1000Base-X Gbit/s Ethernet over Fiber-Optic
10Gbits Ethernet over fiber
STP (Spanning Tree Protocol)
RSTP (Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol )
MSTP (Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol )
EPR (Ethernet Protection Ring )
Virtual LANs (VLAN)
Port based Network Access Control, Authentication
Link aggregation for parallel links with LACP(Link Aggregation Control Protocol)
Flow control for Full Duplex
Stacked VLANs, Q-in-Q
LAN Layer 2 QoS/CoS Protocol for Traffic Prioritization
Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP)
EEE (Energy Efficient Ethernet)
up to 4096
128Gbps (ICS-G24S4X), 88Gbps (ICS-G24S2X)
Store and Forward
IEEE 802.3x for full duplex mode, back pressure for half duplex mode
10K (Jumbo Frames)
32K
4M Bytes for packet buffer
315 mm (D) x 440 mm (W) x 43.5 mm (H)
19" Rack mount
4450g (ICS-G24S2X-AD), 4695g (ICS-G24S2X-AA), 4200g (ICS-G24S2X-DD), 4510g
(ICS-G24S4X-AD), 4755g (ICS-G24S4X-AA), 4260g (ICS-G24S4X-DD)
ICS-G24S2X-AD & ICS-G24S4X-AD: 1 x Isolated High Voltage 110/220 VAC
(88~264VAC) & 1 x Isolated Low Voltage 110/220VAC (88~264VAC) or 1 x
isolated 110/220 DC (88~300VDC)
ICS-G24S2X-AA & ICS-G24S4X-AA: 2 x Isolated High Voltage 110/220 VAC
(88~264VAC)
ICS-G24S2X-DD & ICS-G24S4X-DD: 2 x Isolated Low Voltage 24/48 VDC
(18~60VDC)
-10°C~60°C
-40°C~85°C
5%~95% (Non-condensing)
CE
FCC Part 15 sub B class A, CE EN55022 Class A
EN61000-6-2, EN61000-6-4
EN61000-4-2 (ESD) Level 3, Criteria B
EN61000-4-3 (RS) Level3, Criteria A
EN61000-4-4 (Burst) Level3, Criteria A
EN61000-4-5 (Surge) Level3, Criteria B
EN61000-4-6 (CS) Level3, Criteria A
EN61000-4-8 (PFMF, Magnetic Field) Field Strength: 300A/m, Criteria A
EN50121-4
UL60950-1
EN60068-2-27
EN60068-2-32
EN60068-2-6
19
CHAPTER 2
INSTALLATION
CHAPTER 2. PANELS & INSTALLATION
2.1 Views of Panels
Each physical feature on the panels is indexed numerically and explained briefly in the reference box. Detailed
descriptions for each feature are also provided in the following sub-sections.
5
1
2
4
3
6
7
Figure 1. ICS-G24S4X Front Panel
5
1
3
2
4
6
7
Figure 2. ICS-G24S2X Front Panel
8
9
10
11
Figure 3. Rear Panel with 1 AC and 1 DC Power Supply
8
9
9
11
Figure 4. Rear Panel with 2 AC Power Supplies
8
10
Figure 5. Rear Panel with 2 DC Power Supplies
20
10
11
CHAPTER 2
INSTALLATION
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Description
LED indicators
(Port 1~20) SFP Fiber interface
(Port 21~24) Combo SFP Fiber + RJ45 interface
(Port 25~26 or Port 25~28) 10Gbps SFP+ Fiber interface
Management Port
Console Port
Reset-to-Default Push Button
Alarm Relay Contacts
AC Power Input and Power On/Off Switch
DC Power Input and Power On/Off Switch
Earth Ground Connection
2.2 Connections
2.2.1 100/1000M SFP
ICS-G24S2X & ICS-G24S4X Series support 20 100/1000Mbps dual speed SFP slots (labeled 1~20). Each of these
SFP ports has associated LEDs which indicate the active link state and the detected speed of the interface. A green
indicates a link and a speed of 100M, while yellow color indicates a link and speed of 1000M.
2.2.2 Combo Port Connections
On the front panel, 4 combo ports that are either SFP slot (100/1000Mbps) or RJ-45 UTP (10/100/1000M)
interface are provided. Each of these combo ports has associated LEDs which indicate the active link state and the
detected speed of the interface. A green indicates a link and a speed of 100M, while yellow color indicates a link and
speed of 1000M.
2.2.3 10GbE SFP+ Connection
21
CHAPTER 2
INSTALLATION
For 10G fiber connection, ICS-G24S2X switches support 2 10G SFP+ slots (labeled 25~26) while ICS-G24S4X
switches support 4 10G SFP+ slots (labeled 25~28). Users can use any compatible 10G SFP+ fiber transceiver for
network connection.
2.2.4 MGMT Port
ICS-G24S2X & ICS-G24S4X have a MGMT (Management) port for in-band management via TCP/IP connectivity.
The MGMT port allows you to access Command Line Interface (CLI) using Telnet or Web management over TCP/IP
using standard web browsers.
When you use the switch for the first time or restore the switch to the factory defaults, you can use RJ-45 cable
to directly connect MGMT port to your management PC. Then, run a Telnet facility or web browser to communicate
with the device over a TCP/IP network using the default IP address 10.1.1.1. For Telnet connection, up to four active
Telnet sessions can access the Switch concurrently. After you successfully login to the switch, you can change the IP
address to the desired one.
2.2.5 Console Port
ICS-G24S2X & ICS-G24S4X series have a terminal console port for local management via a serial terminal. The
terminal provides management via a CLI (Command Line Interface) which will be familiar to many networking
engineers. For most users, the CLI can be used to initially configure TCP/IP access so that further configuration can be
completed via the GUI (Graphical User Interface) using a web browser (Chrome, IE, Firefox etc).
22
CHAPTER 2
INSTALLATION
2.2.5.1 RJ-45 Pin Assignment
This RJ-45 connector provides an RS-232 DCE (data communication equipment) asynchronous serial connection
for local management.
Pin
3
6
4,5
Ref.
RxD
TxD
SG
Definition
Receive Data
Transmit Data
Signal Ground
Direction
Out towards DTE
In from DTE
na
Figure 6. Console Port Pinouts
2.2.5.2 Accessory Cable
This DB9F to RJ-45 cable provides a connection for the RS-232. This cable is used between the ICS serial port of
terminal.
to PC COM Port
DB9
2
3
5
Pins
RJ-45
3
6
4,5
Ref.
Definition
Direction
RxD
TxD
SG
Receive Data
Transmit Data
Signal Ground
Out towards DTE
In from DTE
na
Figure 7. RS232 (Female) Pinouts
2.3 Electrical Installation
AC power module, located on the rear panel of the device, is supplied to the ICS through a standard IEC C14 3prong receptacle. Any national power cord with IEC C13 line plug may be used to connect AC power to the power
module.
Left: Live line
Right: Neutral line
Middle: Ground
Figure 8. IEC (AC) Power Connector Pin Assignment
ICS also provides DC module for power connection. The user must connect the device only to DC input source
that has an input supply voltage from 18 to 60 VDC. If the power you use is not in this range, the device might not
operate properly and there is great possibility that the device might be damaged.
Left: VMiddle: Frame Ground
Right: V+
Figure 9. Terminal Block (DC) Power Connector Pin Assignment
23
CHAPTER 2
INSTALLATION
2.4 Alarm Relay
The Alarm is one electrical relay that can be wired into an alarm circuit and is triggered while the programmable
events occur. From the common pin (COM), the relay can be connected as Normally Open (NO) or Normally Closed
(NC). When an alarm occurs the NC-to-COM circuit opens and the COM-to-NO circuit closes. See Figure 9 and 10 for
normal and fault illustration in each alarm relay type. Please note that the alarm relay contact can only support 1A
current at 24VDC. Do not apply voltage and current that exceed these specifications.
NC
COM
COM
NC
Fault
Normal
Figure 11. Alarm Relay for NC (Normally Closed) Type
Figure 10. Alarm Relay Terminal Block
COM
NO
COM
Fault
NO
Normal
Figure 12. Alarm Relay for NO (Normally Open) Type
2.5 Rack Mounting
When installing the rack mount brackets, be sure to correctly align the orientation pin. Use the screws provided
in the rack-mounting kit to securely fasten the brackets.
Figure 13. Attaching Rack-Mounting Brackets
Figure 14. The Switch with Rack-Mounting Brackets
Figure 15. Mounting in Rack
24
CHAPTER 2
INSTALLATION
2.6 Earth Ground Connection
An earth ground connector is provided on the rear panel next to the power supply. Grounding the device can help
to release leakage of electricity to the earth safely so as to reduce injuries from electromagnetic interference (EMI).
Prior to connecting to the power, it is important to connect the ground wire to the earth. Follow steps below to
install ground wire:
1. Remove the grounding screw.
2. Attach the grounding screw to the ring terminal of the grounding cable. Make sure that the grounding cable is
long enough to reach the earth.
3. Use a screwdriver to fasten the grounding screw.
Figure 16. Earth Ground Connection on the Rear Panel
2.7 LED Indicators
LED
Color
PWR1/
PWR2
Green
Off
Red
ACT/Alarm
Green
Ring Master
Combo
RJ-45 LINK/ACT
SFP 1~24
LINK/ACT
SFP+ 25~26 or
25~28
LINK/ACT
Green
Green
Yellow
Blinking
Green
Yellow
Blinking
Amber
Blue
Blinking
Definition
Power is connected and active at the corresponding input terminal
connection.
Power is not connected.
When one or more of the programmable alarm conditions is active or
abnormal conditions occur.
Normal operation without faults.
Alarm conditions are all disabled.
Lit when this unit is the 'master' in a fiber ring and all units are configured
for u-Ring or ERPS (Ethernet Ring Protection Switching or G.8032).
The connected LAN speed is 10/100M.
The connected LAN speed is 1000M.
Blinking when there is Ethernet traffic.
The fiber link speed is 100M.
The fiber link speed is 1000M.
Blinking when there is data traffic.
The fiber link speed is 1000M.
The fiber link speed is 10G.
Blinking when there is data traffic.
25
CHAPTER 3
INTRODUCTION TO CLI
CHAPTER 3. INTRODUCTION TO CLI
3.1 General Introduction
The ICS Series of industrial Ethernet core switches provide a number of configuration/management methods. The
first and very basic is serial console access. This method is also called out-of-band management and is only available
when a terminal or administrator PC can be physically connected to the local ICS Series switch at the CONSOLE port
using RJ45 to RS-232 console cable. Accessing the switch via CONSOLE port allows the user to use Command Line
Interface (CLI) to manage and configure the device. The out-of-band management is relatively useful when you lose
the network connection to the device.
The out-of-band management via console access, using a command line (CLI), is familiar to most network
engineers. For engineers that are not comfortable using CLI, this device can also be managed using any standard Web
Browser in a more user friendly 'point-and-click' method. Therefore, in most configuration scenarios, the console will
only be used to initially configure the ICS IP address, so that the device may be accessed via the other methods which
require working TCP/IP.
After the device has been properly configured for the application and placed into service, a third method of
configuration/management can be employed using Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). The operator will
use SNMP management software to manage and monitor the ICS Series switches on a network. This requires some
configuration of the device to allow SNMP management. In addition, the network management platform will need to
import and compile the proprietary MIB (management information base) file so that the manager knows "how" to
manage the ICS devices.
3.2 CONSOLE Operation
Using the provided accessory cable, connect the ICS "CONSOLE" port (RJ-45) to the PC terminal communications
port (DB9). Run any terminal emulation program (HyperTerminal, PuTTY, TeraTerm Pro, etc.) and configure the
communication parameters as follows:
Speed: 115,200
Data: 8 bits
Parity: none
Stop bits: 1
Flow Control: None
From a cold start, the following screen will be displayed. At the "Username" prompt, enter 'admin' with no password.
Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
RedBoot is free software, covered by the eCos license, derived from the
GNU General Public License. You are welcome to change it and/or distribute
copies of it under certain conditions. Under the license terms, RedBoot's
source code and full license terms must have been made available to you.
Redboot comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
Platform: VCore-III (MIPS32 24KEc) JAGUAR
RAM: 0x80000000-0x88000000 [0x80021798-0x87fe0000 available]
FLASH: 0x40000000-0x40ffffff, 256 x 0x10000 blocks
== Executing boot script in 2.000 seconds - enter ^C to abort
RedBoot> fi lo -a -f managed
RedBoot> go
Press ENTER to get started
Username: admin
Password:
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3.3 CLI Modes
The Command Line Interface (CLI) of ICS series is mainly divided into four basic modes; these are User mode,
EXEC mode, Config mode and Config Interface mode. After entering the username and password, you start from the
EXEC mode (prompted with “#”). The commands available in User mode and EXEC mode are limited. For more
advanced configurations, you must enter Config mode or Config Interface mode. In each mode, a question mark (?) at
the system prompt can be issued to obtain a list of commands available for each command mode. The following table
provides a brief overview of modes available in this device.
Mode
User mode
Prompt
>
EXEC mode
#
Global Config
Mode
(config)#
Config Interface
Mode
(config-if)#
Enter Method
enable
Enter authorized
username and
password
Enter “configure
terminal” after “#”
Specify interface,
interface type and
number after
(config)#
Exit Method
disable
Exit, logout
End, exit, do logout
End, exit, do logout
3.4 Quick Keys
There are several useful quick keys you can use when editing command lines.
Keyboard
?
Up arrow key
Down arrow key
Tab key
Action
Issue “?” to get a list of commands available in the current
mode.
To view the previous entered commands.
To view the previous entered commands.
To complete an unfinished command.
3.5 Command Syntax
Commands introduced in this user manual are written using the coherent symbols and easy-to-understand syntax
and style. Although users can issue Help command to complete a desired command in CLI, it is useful to understand
frequently-used symbols and syntax conventions. The following table lists the syntax conventions used in this user
manual together with an example.
Example: (config-if-vlan)# ip address { { <address> <netmask> } | { dhcp [ fallback <fallback_address>
<fallback_netmask> [ timeout <fallback_timeout> ] ] } }
Symbol
< > (Angle
bracket)
[
]
(Square
bracket)
{
} (Curly
bracket)
Function
Enter a value, alphanumeric
strings or keywords.
This is an optional parameter.
A curly bracket has the
following two functions:
1. If there are more than two
options available, a curly
bracket can be used to
Example
<address> <netmask>
[ fallback <fallback_address>
<fallback_netmask> [ timeout
<fallback_timeout> ] ]
{ { <address> <netmask> } |
{ dhcp [ fallback
<fallback_address>
<fallback_netmask> [ timeout
<fallback_timeout> ] ] } }
27
Explanation
Enter IP address and subnet
mask.
Fallback parameter is an
optional item.
At least specify one option
to complete the command.
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INTRODUCTION TO CLI
separate them.
The uter curly bracket
means that this is a must
parameter. At leaset one
value should be specified.
Use a vertical bar to separate
options.
2.
| (Vertical
bar)
{ { <address> <netmask> } |
{ dhcp [ fallback
<fallback_address>
<fallback_netmask> [ timeout
<fallback_timeout> ] ] } }
Enter IP address or use
DHCP to assign IP address
automatically.
3.6 Basic Configurations
This section introduces users how to change the default IP address to the desired one and save the current
running configurations to startup configurations. For detailed introductions to commands, please see section 3.7, 3.8,
3.9.
3.6.1 Configuring IPv4 Address
IP address: 192.168.0. 101
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
# config terminal
(config)# interface vlan 1
(config-if-vlan)# ip address 192.168.0.101 255.255.255.0
(config-if-vlan)# exit
(config)# exit
# show ip interface brief
Vlan Address
Method Status
---- -------------------- -------- -----1 192.168.0.101/24 Manual DOWN
3.6.2 Enter Config Interface Mode

Enter Port 3’s Config Interface mode.
# config terminal
(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/3
(config-if)#
Note: 1/3 means Ethernet Interface 1, Port 3.

Enter Port 1~3’s Config Interface mode.
# config terminal
(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/1-3
(config-if)#
Note: 1/1-3 means Ethernet Interface 1, Port 1 to Port 3.

Enter Port 1~3 & Port 5’s Config Interface mode.
# config terminal
(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/1-3,5
(config-if)#
Note: 1/1-3,5 means Ethernet Interface 1, Port 1 to Port 3 and Port 5.
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3.6.3 Save Configurations
# copy running-config startup-config
Building configuration...
% Saving 1469 bytes to flash:startup-config
#
3.6.4 Restart the Device
# reload cold
% Cold reload in progress, please stand by.
#
Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
RedBoot is free software, covered by the eCos license, derived from the
GNU General Public License. You are welcome to change it and/or distribute
copies of it under certain conditions. Under the license terms, RedBoot's
source code and full license terms must have been made available to you.
Redboot comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
RedBoot> fi lo -d managed
Image loaded from 0x80040000-0x80ae54cc
RedBoot> go
Press ENTER to get started
3.6.5 Load Factory Defaults
Load factory default settings
# reload defaults
% Reloading defaults. Please stand by.
Load factory defaults but keep IP settings
# reload defaults keep-ip
% Reloading defaults, attempting to keep VLAN 1 IP address. Please stand by.
3.6.6 Show System and Software Information
# show version
MEMORY
MAC Address
Previous Restart
: Total=77679 KBytes, Free=51457 KBytes, Max=51417 KBytes
: 00-02-ab-00-00-01
: Cold
System Contact
System Name
System Location
System Time
System Uptime
:
:
:
: 2015-01-01T00:28:35+00:00
: 00:28:39
Active Image
-----------------Image
managed
29
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Version
Date
Alternative Image
-----------------Image
Version
Date
-----------------SID : 1
-----------------Software Version
Build Date
:
: 2015-01-01T00:03:06+00:00
: managed.bk
: 2015-08-03T16:21:44+08:00
: V1.038
: 2015-08-03T16:33:15+08:00
3.6.7 Show Running Configurations
# show running-config
Building configuration...
username admin privilege 15 password none
!
vlan 1
!
!
!
no smtp server
spanning-tree mst name 00-02-ab-00-00-01 revision 0
!
interface GigabitEthernet 1/1
no spanning-tree
!
interface GigabitEthernet 1/2
no spanning-tree
!
interface GigabitEthernet 1/3
no spanning-tree
!
interface GigabitEthernet 1/4
no spanning-tree
!
-- more --, next page: Space, continue: g, quit: ^C
3.6.8 Show History Commands
# show history
config t
exit
config t
ip arp ex
exit
> show history
config t
interface GigabitEthernet 1/3
exit
interface GigabitEthernet 1/1-5
exit
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interface GigabitEthernet 1/1-3,5,7
flowcontrol on
exit
show interface * status
disable
show clock detail
show dot1x
show history
3.6.9 Help
Help command can be issued in User, Exec, and Global Config mode to get a hint message describing how to use
“show” command to get help from CLI.
# help
Help may be requested at any point in a command by entering
a question mark '?'. If nothing matches, the help list will
be empty and you must backup until entering a '?' shows the
available options.
Two styles of help are provided:
1. Full help is available when you are ready to enter a
command argument (e.g. 'show ?') and describes each possible
argument.
2. Partial help is provided when an abbreviated argument is entered
and you want to know what arguments match the input
(e.g. 'show pr?'.)
3.6.10 Logout
To close an active terminal session, issue the “logout” command in User or EXEC mode.
(config)# exit
# logout
Press ENTER to get started
# disable
> logout
Press ENTER to get started
3.7 Commands in User Mode
When you successfully login in Command Line Interface, you are in EXEC Mode (prompted with “#”). To enter
User mode, issue “disable” command after # prompt. Then you will be directed to User mode with “>” prompt.
Username: admin
Password:
#
# disable
>
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In User mode, only limited commands are available. These commands are used for clearing statistics, entering
Exec mode and pinging the specified destination. To configure a function, you should enter Config mode or Config
Interface mode.
3.7.1 > clear ip arp
Syntax: > clear ip arp
Explanation: Clear ARP cache.
3.7.2 > clear lldp statistics
Syntax: > clear lldp statistics
Explanation: Clear LLDP statistics.
3.7.3 > clear statistics
Syntax: > clear statistics {[ interface ] ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] )}
<port_type>: Specify the interface type.
[ <v_port_type_list>: Specify the ports that you want to clear.
Explanation: Clear statistics of the specified interfaces.
3.7.4 > enable
Syntax: > enable [ <new_priv> ]
[ <new_priv: 0-15> ]: Choose a privilege level.
Explanation: Enter the EXEC mode.
3.7.5 > exit
Syntax: > exit
Explanation: Return to the previous mode. Issuing this command in User mode will logout the Command Line
Interface.
3.7.6 > help
Syntax: > help
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Explanation: Provide help messages.
3.7.7 > logout
Syntax: > logout
Explanation: Logout the Command Line Interface.
3.7.8 > ping ip
Syntax: > ping ip <v_ip_addr> [ repeat <count> ] [ size <size> ] [ interval <seconds> ]
<v_ip_addr>: Specify IPv4 address that you want to ping.
[ repeat <count> ]: The number of packets that are sent to the destination IP or host.
[ size <size> ]: The size of the packet.
[ interval <seconds> ]: Timeout interval. The ping test is successful only when it receives echo reply from the
destination IP or host within the time specified here.
Explanation: To carry out ping tests on the specified destination IPv4 address or host.
3.7.9 > ping ipv6
Syntax: > ping ipv6 <v_ipv6_addr> [ repeat <count> ] [ size <size> ] [ interval <seconds> ] [ interface vlan <v_vlan_id> ]
<v_ipv6_addr>: Specify IPv6 address that you want to ping.
[ repeat <count> ]: The number of packets that are sent to the destination IP or host.
[ size <size> ]: The size of the ping packet.
[ interval <seconds> ]: Timeout interval. The ping test is successful only when it receives echo reply from the
destination IP or host within the time specified here.
[ interface vlan <v_vlan_id> ]:
Explanation: To carry out ping tests on the specified destination IPv6 address or host.
3.7.10 show commands
In User mode, “show” commands can be issued to display current status or settings of a certain command. They
will be introduced in Section 3.9 “Commands in Config Mode”.
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3.8 Commands in EXEC Mode
3.8.1 # clear access management statistics
Syntax: # clear access management statistics
Explanation: Clear access (HTTP, HTTPs, SNMP, Telnet, SSH) management statistics.
3.8.2 # clear access-list ace statistics
Syntax: # clear access-list ace statistics
Explanation: Clear access list entry statistics.
3.8.3 # clear dot1x statistics
Syntax: # clear dot1x statistics [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
Parameter:
[ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]: Specify the interface that you want to clear.
Explanation: Clear (the specified interfaces’) dot1x statistics.
3.8.4 # clear erps
Syntax: # clear erps [ <groups> ] statistics
Parameter:
[ <groups> ]: Specify the ERPS group that you want to clear.
Explanation: Clear (the specified group’s) ERPS statistics.
3.8.5 # clear ip arp
Syntax: # clear ip arp
Explanation: Clear ARP cache.
3.8.6 # clear ip dhcp detailed statistics
Syntax: # clear ip dhcp detailed statistics { server | client | snooping | relay | helper | all } [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
Explanation: Clear IP DHCP statistics.
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Parameter:
{ server | client | snooping | relay | helper | all }: Specify the type of information that you want to clear.
[ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]: Specify the interface type and port number.
3.8.7 # clear ip dhcp server binding <ip>
Syntax: # clear ip dhcp server binding <ip>
Parameter:
<ip>: Specify the IP address for this server binding setup.
Explanation: Clear DHCP server binding cache in reletion to the specified IP address.
3.8.8 # clear ip dhcp server binding { automatic | manual | expired }
Syntax: # clear ip dhcp server binding { automatic | manual | expired }
Parameter:
{ automatic | manual | expired }: Specify the server binding mode.
Explanation: Clear automatic, manual or expired server binding caches.
3.8.9 # clear ip dhcp server statistics
Syntax: # clear ip dhcp server statistics
Explanation: Clear DHCP server statistics.
3.8.10 # clear ip dhcp relay statistics
Syntax: # clear ip dhcp relay statistics
Explanation: Clear IP DHCP Relay statistics.
3.8.11 # clear ip dhcp snooping statistics
Syntax: # clear ip dhcp snooping statistics [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
Explanation: Clear IP DHCP Snooping statistics.
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3.8.12 # clear ip igmp snooping
Syntax: # clear ip igmp snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] statistics
Explanation: Clear IP IGMP Snooping statistics.
3.8.13 # clear ip statistics
Syntax: # clear ip statistics [ system ] [ interface vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ icmp ] [ icmp-msg <type> ]
Explanation: Clear IPv4 statistics for system, interface and ICMP.
3.8.14 # clear ipv6 mld snooping
Syntax: # clear ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] statistics
Explanation: Clear statistics for IPv6 MLD Snooping.
3.8.15 # clear ipv6 neighbors
Syntax: # clear ipv6 neighbors
Explanation: Clear the table for IPv6 neighbors.
3.8.16 # clear ipv6 statistics
Syntax: # clear ipv6 statistics [ system ] [ interface vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ icmp ] [ icmp-msg <type> ]
Explanation: Clear IPv6 statistics for system, interface and ICMP.
3.8.17 # clear lacp statistics
Syntax: # clear lacp statistics
Explanation: Clear LACP statistics.
3.8.18 # clear lldp statistics
Syntax: # clear lldp statistics
Explanation: Clear LLDP statistics.
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3.8.19 # clear logging
Syntax: # clear logging [ info ] [ warning ] [ error ] [ switch <switch_list> ]
Explanation: Clear specific syslog events.
3.8.20 # clear mac address-table
Syntax: # clear mac address-table
Explanation: Clear MAC address table.
3.8.21 # clear mep
Syntax: # clear mep <inst> { lm | dm | tst }
Explanation: Clear a specific instance MEP information.
3.8.22 # clear mvr
Syntax: # clear mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] statistics
Explanation: Clear MVR statistics.
3.8.23 # clear spanning-tree
Syntax: # clear spanning-tree { { statistics [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] } | { detected-protocols
[ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list_1> ] ) ] } }
Explanation: Clear specific interfaces’ Spanning Tree statistics.
3.8.24 # clear statistics
Syntax: # clear statistics [ interface ] ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] )
Explanation: Clear Fast Ethernet and/or Gigabit Ethernet interfaces’ statistics.
3.8.25 # config terminal
Syntax: # config terminal
Explanation: Enter the Global Config mode.
Example:
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# config t
(config)#
3.8.26 # copy
Syntax: # copy { startup-config | running-config | <source_path> } { startup-config | running-config |
<destination_path> } [ syntax-check ]
{ startup-config | running-config | <source_path> }: Specify the file type that you want to copy from. This can be
“startup-config”, “running-config” or a specific source file in flash or TFTP server.
{ startup-config | running-config | <destination_path> }: Specify the file type that you want to copy to. This can
be “startup-config”, “running-config” or a specific destination file in flash or TFTP server.
Explanation: Save running configurations to startup configurations.
Example: Save running configurations to startup configurations.
# copy running-config startup-config
Building configuration...
% Saving 1596 bytes to flash:startup-config
#
Explanation: Save startup configurations to running configurations.
Example: Save running configurations to startup configurations.
# copy startup-config running-config
Building configuration...
% Saving 1596 bytes to flash:startup-config
#
Explanation: Save running configurations to Flash 201
# copy running-config Flash:201
Building configuration...
% Saving 1487 bytes to flash:201
# dir
Directory of flash:
r- 1970-01-01 00:00:00
284 default-config
rw 2015-01-01 01:56:32
1487 startup-config
rw 2015-01-01 01:56:49
1487 201
3 files, 3258 bytes total.
3.8.27 # delete
Syntax: # delete <path>
Explanation: Delete a file saved in Flash.
Parameters:
<Path : word>: Name of the file in Flash to be deleted.
Example: Delete a file named 201 in Flash.
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# dir
Directory of flash:
r- 1970-01-01 00:00:00
rw 2015-01-01 01:56:32
rw 2015-01-01 01:56:49
3 files, 3258 bytes total.
# delete flash:201
# dir
Directory of flash:
r- 1970-01-01 00:00:00
rw 2015-01-01 01:56:32
2 files, 1771 bytes total.
284 default-config
1487 startup-config
1487 201
284 default-config
1487 startup-config
3.8.28 # dir
Explanation: Display files in flash.
Example:
# dir
Directory of flash:
r- 1970-01-01 00:00:00
rw 2015-01-01 01:56:32
rw 2015-01-01 01:56:49
3 files, 3258 bytes total.
284 default-config
1487 startup-config
1487 201
3.8.29 # disable & # enable
Explanation: Return to user mode or enter exec mode.
# disable
>
>
> enable
#
#
# enable 0
>
3.8.30 # dot1x
Syntax: # dot1x initialize [ interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] )
[ interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] ) ]: Specify the type of interface that you intend to use. “*” means all
interfaces.
<plist>: Specify the ports that apply to this command.
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Explanation: To initialize dot1x function in an interface immediately.
3.8.31 # erps
Syntax: # erps <group> command {clear | force | manual} {port0 | port1}
Explanation: Configure ERPS instance.
Parameters:
<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number between 1~64.
{clear | force | manual}: Specify an action.
{port0 | port1}: Specify port0 (east) or port1 (west) that applies to this command.
3.8.32 # firmware swap
Syntax: # firmware swap
Explanation: Use the other standby firmware image file uploaded to flash.
3.8.33 # firmware upgrade
Syntax: # firmware upgrade <TFTPServer_path_file : word>
<TFTPServer_path_file : word>: Specify the TFTP server IP address and firmware filename.
Explanation: Upgrade the firmware image.
3.8.34 # ip dhcp retry interface vlan
Syntax: # ip dhcp retry interface vlan <vlan_id>
<vlan_id>: Specify the valid VLAN ID for DHCP query.
Explanation: Restart the DHCP query process.
3.8.35 # more
Syntax: # more <path>
<path>: Specify the filename.
Explanation: Display file in Flash or in TFTP server.
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3.8.36 # ping ip
Syntax: # ping ip <v_ip_addr> [ repeat <count> ] [ size <size> ] [ interval <seconds> ]
Explanation: Ping the specified IP.
Parameters:
<addr>: Specify the IPv4 address or IPv6 address for ping test.
3.8.37 # ping ipv6
Syntax: #ping ipv6 <v_ipv6_addr> [ repeat <count> ] [ size <size> ] [ interval <seconds> ] [ interface vlan <v_vlan_id> ]
< v_ipv6_addr >: Specify the IPv4 address or IPv6 address for ping test.
Explanation: Ping the specified IPv6 address.
Parameters:
[ repeat <count> ]: The number of echo packets will be sent.
[ size <size> ]: The size or length of echo packets.
[ interval <seconds> ]: The time interval between each ping request.
[ interface vlan <v_vlan_id> ]: Specify the VLAN ID.
3.8.38 # reload cold
Syntax: # reload cold
Explanation: Perform a cold reload on the system.
3.8.39 # reload defaults
Syntax: # reload defaults [keep-ip]
Explanation: Restore the device to factory default settings.
Parameters:
[keep-ip]: Keep VLAN 1 IP setting.
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3.8.40 # send
Syntax: # send { * | <session_list> | console 0 | vty <vty_list> } <message>
Explanation: Send messages to other tty lines.
Parameters:
{ * | <session_list> | console 0 | vty <vty_list> }: Choose one of the options.
* : Specify “*” to denote all tty users.
<session_list>: Specify a session number between 0 and 16.
console 0: This means primary terminal line.
<vty_list>: Send a message to a virtual terminal.
<message>: Enter a message in 128 characters that you want to send.
3.8.41 # terminal editing
Syntax: # terminal editing
Explanation: Enable command line editing.
Show: > show terminal
# show terminal
Negation: # no terminal editing
3.8.42 # terminal exec-timeout
Syntax: # terminal exec-timeout <0-1440> [<0-3600>]
Parameters:
<0-1440>: Specify the timeout value in minutes.
[<0-3600>]: Specify the timeout value in seconds.
Explanation: Set up terminal timeout value.
Show: > show terminal
# show terminal
Negation: # no terminal exec-timeout
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3.8.43 # terminal history size
Syntax: # terminal history size <0-32>
Parameters:
<0-32>: Specify the current history size. “0” means to disable.
Explanation: Set up terminal history size.
Show: > show terminal
# show terminal
Negation: # no terminal history size
3.8.44 # terminal length
Syntax: # terminal length <0 or 3-512>
Parameters:
<0 or 3-512>: Specify the lines displayed on the screen. “0” means no pausing.
Explanation: Set up terminal length.
Show: > show terminal
# show terminal
Negation: # no terminal length
3.8.45 # terminal width
Syntax: # terminal width <0 or 40-512>
Parameters:
<0 or 40-512>: Specify the width displayed on the screen. “0” means unlimited width.
Explanation: Set up terminal display width.
Show: > show terminal
# show terminal
Negation: # no terminal width
3.8.46 # no port-security shutdown
Syntax: # no port-security shutdown [interface (<port_type>[<v_port_type_list>])]
Explanation: Reopen ports that are shutdown or disabled by Port Security function.
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Parameters:
[interface (<port_type>[<v_port_type_list>])]: Specify the port type and port numbers that you want to reopen.
3.8.47 show commands
In Exec mode, “show” commands can be issued to display current status or settings of a certain command. They
will be introduced in Section 3.9 “Commands in Config Mode”.
3.9 Commands in Config Mode
3.9.1 (config)# aaa authentication login
Syntax: (config)# aaa authentication login { console | telnet | ssh | http } { { local | radius | tacacs } [ { local | radius |
tacacs } [ { local | radius | tacacs } ] ] }
Explanation: Configure the authentication method for the client.
Parameters:
{ console | telnet | ssh | http }: Specify one of the authentication clients.
{ { local | radius | tacacs } [ { local | radius | tacacs } [ { local | radius | tacacs } ] ] }: Specify one of the
authentication methods for the specified client. At least one method needs to be specified. Users can specify
three methods at most.
local: Use the local user database on the switch for authentication.
radius: Use remote RADIUS server(s) for authentication.
tacacs: Use remote TACACS+ server(s) for authentication.
NOTE: Methods that involve remote servers will time out if the remote servers are offline. In this case the next method
is tried. Each method is tried and continues until a method either approves or rejects a user. If a remote server is used
for primary authentication it is recommended to configure secondary authentication as 'local'. This will enable the
management client to login via the local user database if none of the configured authentication servers are alive.
Example: Set the Console client to use remote RADIUS server(s) for authentication.
# config t
(config)# aaa authentication login console radius
Negation: (config)# no aaa authentication login { console | telnet | ssh | http }
Show: # show aaa
3.9.2 (config)# access management
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Syntax: (config)# access management <access_id> <access_vid> <start_addr> [ to <end_addr> ] { [ web ] [ snmp ]
[ telnet ] | all }
Explanation: Create an access management rule.
Parameters:
<access_id: 1-16>: Specify an ID for this access management entry.
<access_vid>: Indicates the VLAN ID for the access management entry.
<start_addr> [ to <end_addr> ]: Indicate the starting and ending IP address for the access management entry.
{ [ web ] [ snmp ] [ telnet ] | all }: Specify matched hosts can access the switch from which interface.
Example: Allow IP 192.168.0.1 to 192.168.0.10 to access the device via Web, SNMP and Telnet.
# config t
(config)# access management 1 1 192.168.0.1 to 192.168.0.10 all
Negation: (config)# no access management
(config)# no access management <access_id>
Show: # show access management [ statistics | <access_id_list> ]
Clear: # clear access management statistics
3.9.3 (config)# access-list
3.9.3.1 (config)# access-list ace
Syntax: (config)# access-list ace <AceId : 1-256> [ action {deny | filter | permit}] [ dmac-type {any| broadcast |
multicast | unicast } ] [frame-type {any| arp|etype|ipv4|ipv4-icmp|ipv4-tcp|ipv4-udp|ipv6|ipv6-icmp|ipv6-tcp|ipv6udp} ] [ingress {any | interface <PORT_TYPE> }] [logging] [next { <AceId : 1-256>|last}] [policy <PolicyId : 0-255>] [ratelimiter {<RateLimiterId : 1-16>|disable}] [redirect {disable| interface <PORT_TYPE>}] [shutdown] [tag
{any|tagged|untagged}] [tag-priority {0-1| 0-3| 2-3| 4-5| 4-7| 6-7| <TagPriority : 0-7>|any}] [vid { <Vid : 14095>|any}]
Explanation: Configure an access control list.
Parameters:
<AceId : 1-256>: Specify access control list ID that applies to this rule.
[ action {deny | filter | permit}]: Specify the action that applies to this rule.
[ dmac-type {any| broadcast | multicast | unicast } ]: Specify destination MAC type that applies to this rule.
[frame-type {any| arp|etype|ipv4|ipv4-icmp|ipv4-tcp|ipv4-udp|ipv6|ipv6-icmp|ipv6-tcp|ipv6-udp} ]: Specify
the frame type that applies to this rule.
[ingress {any | interface <PORT_TYPE> }]: Specify the ingress port.
[logging]: Enable logging function.
[mirror]: Enable the function of mirroring frames to destination mirror port.
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[next { <AceId : 1-256>|last}]: Insert the current ACE ID before the next ACE ID or put the ACE ID to the last one.
[policy <PolicyId : 0-255>]: Specify the policy ID.
[rate-limiter {<RateLimiterId : 1-16>|disable}]: Specify the rate limit ID or disable this function.
[redirect {disable| interface <PORT_TYPE>}]: Redirect frames to a specific port or disable this function.
[shutdown]: Enable shutdown function.
[tag {any|tagged|untagged}]: Specify whether frames should be tagged or untagged.
[tag-priority {0-1| 0-3| 2-3| 4-5| 4-7| 6-7| <TagPriority : 0-7>|any}]: Specify the priority value.
[vid { <Vid : 1-4095>|any}]: Specify the VLAN ID.
Show: # show access-list [ interface [ ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] ] [ rate-limiter [ <rate_limiter_list> ] ] [ ace
statistics [ <ace_list> ] ]
Negation: (config)# no access-list ace <ace_list>
Clear: # clear access-list ace statistics
3.9.3.2 (config)# access-list ace update
Syntax: (config)# access-list ace update <AceId : 1-256> [ action {deny | filter | permit}] [ dmac-type {any| broadcast |
multicast | unicast } ] [frame-type {any| arp|etype|ipv4|ipv4-icmp|ipv4-tcp|ipv4-udp|ipv6|ipv6-icmp|ipv6-tcp|ipv6udp} ] [ingress {any | interface <PORT_TYPE> }] [logging] [next { <AceId : 1-256>|last}] [policy <PolicyId : 0-255>] [ratelimiter {<RateLimiterId : 1-16>|disable}] [redirect {disable| interface <PORT_TYPE>}] [shutdown] [tag
{any|tagged|untagged}] [tag-priority {0-1| 0-3| 2-3| 4-5| 4-7| 6-7| <TagPriority : 0-7>|any}] [vid { <Vid : 14095>|any}]
Explanation: Update an access control list.
Parameters:
<AceId : 1-256>: Specify access control list ID that applies to this rule.
[ action {deny | filter | permit}]: Specify the action that applies to this rule.
[ dmac-type {any| broadcast | multicast | unicast } ]: Specify destination MAC type that applies to this rule.
[frame-type {any| arp|etype|ipv4|ipv4-icmp|ipv4-tcp|ipv4-udp|ipv6|ipv6-icmp|ipv6-tcp|ipv6-udp} ]: Specify
the frame type that applies to this rule.
[ingress {any | interface <PORT_TYPE> }]: Specify the ingress port.
[logging]: Enable logging function.
[mirror]: Enable the function of mirroring frames to destination mirror port.
[next { <AceId : 1-256>|last}]: Insert the current ACE ID before the next ACE ID or put the ACE ID to the last one.
[policy <PolicyId : 0-255>]: Specify the policy ID.
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[rate-limiter {<RateLimiterId : 1-16>|disable}]: Specify the rate limit ID or disable this function.
[redirect {disable| interface <PORT_TYPE>}]: Redirect frames to a specific port or disable this function.
[shutdown]: Enable shutdown function.
[tag {any|tagged|untagged}]: Specify whether frames should be tagged or untagged.
[tag-priority {0-1| 0-3| 2-3| 4-5| 4-7| 6-7| <TagPriority : 0-7>|any}]: Specify the priority value.
[vid { <Vid : 1-4095>|any}]: Specify the VLAN ID.
Show: # show access-list [ interface [ ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] ] [ rate-limiter [ <rate_limiter_list> ] ] [ ace
statistics [ <ace_list> ] ]
Negation: (config)# no access-list ace <ace_list>
3.9.3.3 (config)# access-list rate-limiter
Syntax: (config)# access-list rate-limiter [ <rate_limiter_list> ] { pps <pps_rate> | 100pps <pps100_rate> | kpps
<kpps_rate> | 100kbps <kpbs100_rate> }
Explanation: Configure rate limiter that applies to each rate limit ID.
Parameters:
[ <rate_limiter_list> ]: Specify the “rate limit ID”, “100kbps” or “pps” . The allowed rate limit ID range is from1~16.
{ pps <pps_rate> | 100pps <pps100_rate> | kpps <kpps_rate> | 100kbps <kpbs100_rate> }: Specify the rate limit
rate.
Show: # show access-list rate-limiter [<RateLimiterList : 1~16>]
3.9.3.4 (config-if)# access-list action
Syntax: (config-if)# access-list action { permit|deny}
Explanation: Configure a specific port’s action option.
Parameters:
{ permit|deny}: Permit or deny frames on a specific port.
Show: # show access-list [ interface [ ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] ]
3.9.3.5 (config-if)# access-list logging
Syntax: (config-if)# access-list logging
Explanation: Enable a specific port’s logging function.
Show: # show access-list [ interface [ ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] ]
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Negation: (config-if)# no access-list logging
3.9.3.6 (config-if)# access-list policy
Syntax: (config-if)# access-list policy <policy_id>
Parameters:
<policy_id:0-255>: Specify a policy ID that applies to this specific port.
Explanation: Apply a policy ID to a specific port.
Show: # show access-list [ interface [ ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] ]
Negation: (config-if)# no access-list policy
3.9.3.7 (config-if)# access-list port-state
Syntax: (config-if)# access-list port-state
Explanation: Enable a specific port’s port state.
Negation: (config-if)# no access-list port-state
3.9.3.8 (config-if)# access-list rate-limiter
Syntax: (config-if)# access-list rate-limiter <rate_limiter_id>
Parameters:
<rate_limiter_id:1-16>: Specify a rate limiter ID to a specific port.
Explanation: Apply a rate limiter ID to a specific port.
Negation: (config-if)# no access-list rate-limiter
3.9.3.9 (config-if)# access-list shutdown
Syntax: (config-if)# access-list shutdown
Explanation: Shutdown this port when specified rules are matched.
Negation: (config-if)# no access-list shutdown
3.9.3.10 (config-if)# access-list {redirect| port-copy }
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Syntax: (config-if)# access-list { redirect | port-copy } interface { <port_type> <port_type_id> | ( <port_type>
[ <port_type_list> ] ) }
Parameters:
{ redirect | port-copy }: Redirect or copy this port’s frames to the specified port.
interface { <port_type> <port_type_id> | ( <port_type> [ <port_type_list> ] ) }: Specify the redirect or copy port
type and port list.
Explanation: Redirect or copy this port’s frames to the specified port.
Negation: (config-if)# no access-list { redirect | port-copy }
3.9.4 (config)# aggregation
3.9.4.1 (config)# aggregation mode
Syntax: (config)# aggregation mode { [ smac ] [ dmac ] [ ip ] [ port ] }
Explanation: Configure aggregation mode.
Parameters:
[smac]: All traffic from the same Source MAC address is output on the same link in a trunk.
[dmac]: All traffic with the same Destination MAC address is output on the same link in a trunk.
[ip]: All traffic with the same source and destination IP address is output on the same link in a trunk.
[port]: All traffic with the same source and destination TCP/UDP port number is output on the same link in a
trunk.
Negation: (config)# no aggregation mode
Show: # show aggregation [mode]
3.9.4.2 (config-if)# aggregation group
Syntax: (config-if)# aggregation group <unit>
Explanation: Add this specific interface to the specified aggregation group.
Parameters:
<unit>: Specify the aggregation group ID.
Negation: (config-if)# no aggregation group
Show: # show aggregation [mode]
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3.9.5 (config)# banner
3.9.5.1 (config)# banner [ motd ] <banner>
Syntax: (config)# banner [ motd ] <banner>
Parameters:
[ motd ]: Type in the message of the day.
Explanation: Configure the message of the day.
Negation: (config)# no banner [motd]
3.9.5.2 (config)# banner exec <banner>
Syntax: (config)# banner exec <banner>
Explanation: Display the configured message when successfully entering Exec mode.
Negation: (config)# no banner exec
3.9.5.3 (config)# banner login <banner>
Syntax: (config)# banner login <banner>
Explanation: Display the configured message when prompted for login ID and password.
Negation: (config)# no banner login
3.9.6 (config)# clock
3.9.6.1 (config)# clock summer-time <word16> date
Syntax: clock summer-time <word16> date [ <start_month_var> <start_date_var> <start_year_var> <start_hour_var>
<end_month_var> <end_date_var> <end_year_var> <end_hour_var> [ <offset_var> ] ]
Explanation: Configure daylight saving time. This is used to set the clock forward or backward according to the
configurations set for a defined Daylight Saving Time duration. “Recurring” command is used to repeat the
configuration every year.
Parameters:
summer-time <word16>: Specify a description for this day-light setting.
date [ <start_month_var> <start_date_var> <start_year_var> <start_hour_var> <end_month_var>
<end_date_var> <end_year_var> <end_hour_var> [ <offset_var> ] ]
<start_month_var:1-12>: Specify the starting month.
<start_date_var: 1-31>: Specify the starting day.
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<start_year_var:2000-2097>: Specify the starting year.
<start_hour_var: hh:mm>: Specify the time to start.
<end_month_var:1-12>: Specify the ending month.
<end_date_var: 1-31>: Specify the ending day.
<end_year_var:2000-2097>: Specify the ending year.
<end_hour_var: hh:mm>: Specify the time to start.
[ <offset_var: 1-1440> ]: Specify the number of minutes to add during Daylight Saving Time. The allowed
range is 1 to 1440.
Negation: (config)# no clock summer-time
Show: > show clock
> show clock detail
# show clock
# show clock detail
3.9.6.2 (config)# clock summer-time <word16> recurring
Syntax: (config)# clock summer-time <word16> recurring [ <start_week_var> <start_day_var> <start_month_var>
<start_hour_var> <end_week_var> <end_day_var> <end_month_var> <end_hour_var> [ <offset_var> ] ]
Explanation: Configure daylight saving time. This is used to set the clock forward or backward according to the
configurations set for a defined Daylight Saving Time duration. “Recurring” command is used to repeat the
configuration every year.
Parameters:
summer-time <word16>: Specify a description for this day-light setting.
recurring [ <start_week_var> <start_day_var> <start_month_var> <start_hour_var> <end_week_var>
<end_day_var> <end_month_var> <end_hour_var> [ <offset_var> ] ]
<start_week_var:1-5>: Specify the starting week.
<start_day_var: 1-31>: Specify the starting day.
<start_month_var:1-12>: Specify the starting month.
<start_hour_var: hh:mm>: Specify the time to start.
<end_week_var:1-5>: Specify the ending week.
<end_day_var: 1-31>: Specify the ending day.
<end_month_var: 1-12>: Specify the ending month.
<end_hour_var: hh:mm>: Specify the time to end.
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[ <offset_var: 1-1440> ]: Specify the number of minutes to add during Daylight Saving Time. The allowed
range is 1 to 1440.
Negation: (config)# no clock summer-time
Show: # show clock
# show clock detail
3.9.6.3 (config)# clock timezone
Syntax: (config)# clock timezone <word> <-23-23> [<0-59>]
Explanation: Configure a timezone used in the switch.
Parameters:
<word16>: Specify the name of the timezone.
<-23-23>: Hours offset from UTC.
[<0-59>]: Minutes offset from UTC.
Negation: (config)# no clock timezone
Show: # show clock
# show clock detail
3.9.7 (config)# default access-list rate-limiter
Syntax: (config)# default access-list rate-limiter [ <rate_limiter_list> ]
Explanation: To default the specified rate-limiter ID.
Parameters:
[ <rate_limiter_list: 1-16> ]: Specify a rate limiter ID.
Example: To default rate-limiter 1.
# config t
(config)# default access-list rate-limiter 1
3.9.8 (config)# dot1x
3.9.8.1 (config)# dot1x system-auth-control
Syntax: (config)# dot1x system-auth-control
Explanation: To enable 802.1x service.
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Parameters: None.
Example: Enable 802.1x service.
# config t
(config)# dot1x system-auth-control
Negation: (config)# no dot1x system-auth-control
Show: > show dot1x status [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ brief ]
# show dot1x status [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ brief ]
3.9.8.2 (config)# dot1x re-authentication
Syntax: (config)# dot1x re-authentication
Explanation: Set clients to be re-authenticated after an interval set in "Re-authenticate" field. Re-autentication can be
used to detect if a new device is attached to a switch port.
Example: Enable re-authentication function.
# config t
(config)# dot1x re-authentication
Negation: (config)# no dot1x re-authentication
Show: > show dot1x status [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ brief ]
# show dot1x status [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ brief ]
3.9.8.3 (config)# dot1x authentication timer re-authenticate
Syntax: (config)# dot1x authentication timer re-authenticate <1-3600>
Explanation: Specify the time interval for a connected device to be re-authenticated. By default, the re-authenticated
period is set to 3600 seconds. The allowed range is 1 - 3600 seconds.
Parameters:
<1-3600>: Specify a re-authentication value between 1 and 3600.
Example: Set re-authentication timer to 100.
# config t
(config)# dot1x authentication timer re-authenticate 100
Negation: (config)# no dot1x authentication timer re-authenticate
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3.9.8.4 (config)# dot1x timeout tx-period
Syntax: (config)# dot1x timeout tx-period <v_1_to_65535>
Explanation: Specify the time that the switch waits for a supplicant response during an authentication session before
transmitting a Request Identify EAPOL packet. By default, it is set to 30 seconds.
Parameters:
<v_1_to_65535>: Specify a timeout value between 1 and 65535 (seconds).
Example: Set EAPOL timeout to 30 seconds.
# config t
(config)# dot1x timeout tx-period 30
Negation: (config)# no dot1x timeout tx-period
3.9.8.5 (config)#dot1x authentication timer inactivity
Syntax: (config)# dot1x authentication timer inactivity <10-1000000>
Explanation: Specify the period that is used to age out a client’s allowed access to the switch via 802.1X and MACbased authentication. The default period is 300 seconds. The allowed range is 10 - 1000000 seconds.
Parameters:
<10-1000000>: Specify a value between 10 and 1000000 (seconds).
Example: Set the aging time to 300 seconds.
# config t
(config)# dot1x authentication timer inactivity 300
Negation: (config)# no dot1x authentication timer inactivity
3.9.8.6 (config)# dot1x timeout quiet-period
Syntax: (config)# dot1x timeout quiet-period <v_10_to_1000000>
Explanation: The time after an EAP Failure indication or RADIUS timeout that a client is not allowed access. This
setting applies to ports running Single 802.1X, Multi 802.1X, or MAC-based authentication. By default, hold time is set
to 10 seconds. The allowed range is 10 - 1000000 seconds.
Parameters:
<10-1000000>: Specify a value between 10 and 1000000 (seconds).
Example: Set hold time to 30 seconds.
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# config t
(config)# dot1x timeout quiet-period 30
Negation: (config)# no dot1x timeout quiet-period
3.9.8.7 (config)# dot1x feature
Syntax: (config)# dot1x feature { [ guest-vlan ] [ radius-qos ] [ radius-vlan ] }
Explanation: Enable the specified feature.
Parameters:
{ [ guest-vlan ] [ radius-qos ] [ radius-vlan ] }:
[guest-vlan]: Enable guest VLAN. A Guest VLAN is a special VLAN typically with limited network access.
When checked, the individual ports' ditto setting determines whether the port can be moved into Guest
VLAN. When unchecked, the ability to move to the Guest VLAN is disabled on all ports.
[radius-qos]: Enable RADIUS assigned QoS.
[radius-vlan]: Enable RADIUS VLAN. RADIUS-assigned VLAN provides a means to centrally control the VLAN
on which a successfully authenticated supplicant is placed on the switch. Incoming traffic will be classified to
and switched on the RADIUS-assigned VLAN. The RADIUS server must be configured to transmit special
RADIUS attributes to take advantage of this feature.
Example: Enable guest VLAN service.
# config t
(config)# dot1x feature guest-vlan
Negation: (config)# no dot1x feature { [ guest-vlan ] [ radius-qos ] [ radius-vlan ] }
3.9.8.8 (config)# dot1x guest-vlan
Syntax: (config)# dot1x guest-vlan <value>
Explanation: Configure a guest VLAN ID.
Parameters:
<value:1-4095>: Specify the guest VLAN ID. The allowed VLAN ID range is from 1 to 4095.
Negation: (config)# no dot1x guest-vlan
3.9.8.9 (config)# dot1x guest-vlan supplicant
Syntax: (config)# dot1x guest-vlan supplicant
Explanation: Enable Guest VLAN supplicant function. The switch remembers if an EAPOL frame has been received on
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the port for the life-time of the port. Once the switch considers whether to enter the Guest VLAN, it will first check if
this option is enabled or disabled. When enabled, the switch does not maintain the EAPOL packet history and allows
clients that fail authentication to access the guest VLAN, regardless of whether EAPOL packets had been detected on
the interface. Clients that fail authentication can access the guest VLAN.
Negation: (config)# no dot1x guest-vlan supplicant
3.9.8.10 (config)# dot1x max-requth-req
Syntax: (config)# dot1x max-reauth-req <value>
Explanation: The maximum number of times the switch transmits an EAPOL Request Identity frame without receiving
a response before adding a port to the Guest VLAN. The value can only be changed when the Guest VLAN option is
globally enabled. The range is 1 – 255.
Parameters:
<value:1-255>: Specify a value between 1 and 255.
Negation: (config)# no dot1x max-reauth-req
3.9.8.11 (config-if)# dot1x port-control
Syntax: (config-if)# dot1x port-control { force-authorized | force-unauthorized | auto | single | multi | mac-based }
Parameters:
{ force-authorized | force-unauthorized | auto | single | multi | mac-based }: Specify one of the authentication
modes on the selected interfaces. This setting works only when NAS is globally enabled. The following modes are
available:
force-authorized: In this mode, the switch will send one EAPOL Success frame when the port link comes up,
and any client on the port will be allowed network access without authentication.
force unauthorized: In this mode, the switch will send one EAPOL Failure frame when the port link comes
up, and any client on the port will be disallowed network access.
auto (Port-Based 802.1X): This mode requires a dot1x-aware client to be authorized by the authentication
server. Clients that are not dot1x-aware will be denied access.
single (802.1X): In Single 802.1X, at most one supplicant can get authenticated on the port at a time. Normal
EAPOL frames are used in the communication between the supplicant and the switch. If more than one
supplicant is connected to a port, the one that comes first when the port's link comes up will be the first one
considered. If that supplicant doesn't provide valid credentials within a certain amount of time, another
supplicant will get a chance. Once a supplicant is successfully authenticated, only that supplicant will be
allowed access. This is the most secure of all the supported modes. In this mode, the “Port Security” module
is used to secure a supplicant's MAC address once successfully authenticated.
multi (802.1X): In Multi 802.1X, one or more supplicants can get authenticated on the same port at the
same time. Each supplicant is authenticated individually and secured in the MAC table using the “Port
Security” module.
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mac-based: Unlike port-based 802.1X, MAC-based authentication do not transmit or receive EAPOL frames.
In MAC-based authentication, the switch acts as the supplicant on behalf of clients. The initial frame (any
kind of frame) sent by a client is snooped by the switch, which in turn uses the client's MAC address as both
username and password in the subsequent EAP exchange with the RADIUS server. The 6-byte MAC address
is converted to a string on the following form "xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx", that is, a dash (-) is used as separator
between the lower-cased hexadecimal digits. The switch only supports the MD5-Challenge authentication
method, so the RADIUS server must be configured accordingly.
Example: Set Gigabit Ethernt port 1-10’s admin state to “auto”
# config t
(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/1-10
(config-if)# dot1x port-control auto
Negation: (config-if)# no dot1x port-control
3.9.8.12 (config-if)# dot1x guest-vlan
Syntax: (config-if)# dot1x guest-vlan
Explanation: Enable the guest VLAN on the selected interfaces.
Parameters: None.
Example: Enable guest VLAN on port 1-10.
# config t
(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/1-10
(config-if)# dot1x guest-vlan
Negation: (config-if)# no dot1x guest-vlan
3.9.8.13 (config-if)# dot1x radius-qos
Syntax: (config-if)# dot1x radius-qos
Explanation: Enable RADIUS Assigned QoS on the selected interfaces.
Parameters: None.
Example: Enable RADIUS Assigned QoS on port 1-10.
# config t
(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/1-10
(config-if)# dot1x radius-qos
Negation: (config-if)# no dot1x radius-qos
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3.9.8.14 (config-if)# dot1x radius-vlan
Syntax: (config-if)# dot1x radius-vlan
Explanation: Enable RADIUS Assigned VLAN on the selected interfaces.
Parameters: None.
Example: Enable RADIUS Assigned VLAN on port 1-10.
# config t
(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/1-10
(config-if)# dot1x radius-vlan
Negation: (config-if)# no dot1x radius-vlan
3.9.8.15 (config-if)# dot1x re-authenticate
Syntax: (config-if)# dot1x re-authenticate
Explanation: Schedules reauthentication to whenever the quiet-period of the port runs out (EAPOL-based
authentication). For MAC-based authentication, reauthentication will be attempted immediately. This command only
has effect for successfully authenticated clients on the port and will not cause the clients to get temporarily
unauthorized.
Show: > show dot1x statistics { eapol | radius | all } [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show dot1x statistics { eapol | radius | all } [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.9 (config-if)# duplex
Syntax: (config-if)# duplex { half | full | auto [ half | full ] }
Explanation: Configure port’s duplex mode.
Parameters:
{ half | full | auto [ half | full ] }: Specify the duplex mode for this specific interface.
Example: Set port 1’s duplex mode to auto.
# config t
(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/1-10
(config-if)# duplex auto
Negation: (config-if)# no duplex
Show: > show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
# show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
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3.9.10 (config)# enable
3.9.10.1 (config)# enable password
Syntax: (config)# enable password <password>
Explanation: Configure enable password.
Parameters:
password <password>: Specify the enable mode password.
3.9.10.2 (config)# enable password level
Syntax: (config)# enable password [level <priv: 1-15>] <password>
Explanation: Configure enable password and privilege level.
Parameters:
[level <priv: 1-15>]: Specify the privilege level for this password.
<password>: Specify the enable mode password.
Negation: (config)# no enable password [ level <priv> ]
3.9.10.3 (config)# enable secret
Syntax: (config)# enable secret { 0 | 5 } [ level <priv: 1-15> ] <password>
Parameters:
{ 0 | 5 }: Specify “0” to denote unencrypted secret (cleartext). Specify “5” to denote encrypted secret (MD5).
[level <priv: 1-15>]: Specify the privilege level for this password.
<password>: Specify the enable mode password.
Explanation: Configure enable secret password and privilege level.
Negation: (config)# no enable secret { [ 0 | 5 ] } [ level <priv> ]
3.9.11 (config)# erps
3.9.11.1 (config)# erps <group> guard <guard_time_ms>
Syntax: (config)# erps <group> guard <guard_time_ms>
Explanation: Configure the specified group’s guard time.
Parameters:
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<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number. The allowed range is from 1 to 64.
<guard_time_ms: 10-2000>: Specify the guard time. The allowed range is 10 to 2000 ms.
Negation: (config)# no erps <group> guard
Show: # show erps [ <groups> ] [ detail | statistics ]
3.9.11.2 (config)# erps <group> holdoff <holdoff_time_ms>
Syntax: (config)# erps <group> holdoff <holdoff_time_ms>
Parameters:
<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number. The allowed range is from 1 to 64.
<holdoff_time_ms: 0-10000>: Specify the holdoff time. The allowed range is 0 to 10000 ms.
Explanation: Configure the specified group’s holdoff time.
Negation: (config)# no erps <group> holdoff
Show: # show erps [ <groups> ] [ detail | statistics ]
3.9.11.3 (config)# erps <group> major port0 interface port1 interface <port_type> <port1>
[ interconnect ]
Syntax: (config)# erps <group> major port0 interface <port_type> <port0> port1 interface <port_type> <port1>
[ interconnect ]
Explanation: Create an ERPS instance.
Parameters:
<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number. The allowed range is from 1 to 64.
<port_type> <port0>: Specify Port 0’s port type and port number. Port 0 is also known as E port (East port) which
is used by some of the other vendors.
<port_type> <port1>: Specify Port 1’s port type and port number. Port 1 is also known as W port (West port)
which is used by some of the other vendors. When this port is interconnected with the other sub-ring, “0” is used
in this field to indicate that no west port is associated with this instance.
[ interconnect ]: Specify this parameter if this is an interconnected node for this instance.
Show: # show erps [ <groups> ] [ detail | statistics ]
3.9.11.4 (config)# erps <group> mep port0 sf <p0_sf> aps <p0_aps> port1 sf <p1_sf> aps <p1_aps>
Syntax: (config)# erps <group> mep port0 sf <p0_sf> aps <p0_aps> port1 sf <p1_sf> aps <p1_aps>
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Explanation: Configure the specified group’s MEP & APS settings.
Parameters:
<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number. The allowed range is from 1 to 64.
<p0_sf>: This is also known as East Signal Fail APS MEP. Assign the East Signal Fail reporting MEP in this field.
<p0_aps>: Specify the East APS PDU handling MEP.
<p1_sf>: This is also known as West Signal Fail APS MEP. When interconnected with the other sub-ring, “0” is
used in this field to indicate that no west SF MEP is associated with this instance. Assign the West Signal Fail
reporting MEP in this field.
<p1_aps>: Specify the West APS PDU handling MEP. When interconnected with the other sub-ring, “0” is used in
this field to indicate that no west APS MEP is associated with this instance.
Negation: (config)# no erps <group> mep
Show: # show erps [ <groups> ] [ detail | statistics ]
3.9.11.5 (config)# erps <group> revertive <wtr_time_minutes>
Syntax: (config)# erps <group> revertive <wtr_time_minutes>
Explanation: Configure the Wait-to-Restore timer in revertive mode.
Parameters:
<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number. The allowed range is from 1 to 64.
<wtr_time_minutes>: Specify Wait-to-Restore timer in minutes. The allowed range is from 1 to 12 minutes.
Negation: (config)# no erps <group> revertive
Show: # show erps [ <groups> ] [ detail | statistics ]
3.9.11.6 (config)# erps <group> rpl { owner | neighbor } { port0 | port1 }
Syntax: (config)# erps <group> rpl { owner | neighbor } { port0 | port1 }
Explanation: Specify the Ethernet ring port on the local node as the RPL (Ring Protection Link) owner or neighbor.
Parameters:
<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number. The allowed range is from 1 to 64.
{ owner | neighbor }: Specify the ring port is a owner or neighbor. RPL (Ring Protection Link) is responsible for
blocking traffic over the RPL so that no loops are formed in the Ethernet traffic.
{ port0 | port1 }: Specify the port applies to this rule.
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Negation: (config)# no erps <group> rpl
Show: # show erps [ <groups> ] [ detail | statistics ]
3.9.11.7 (config)# erps <group> sub port0 interface <port_type> <port0> { { port1 interface
<port_type> <port1> } | { interconnect <major_ring_id> [ virtual-channel ] } }
Syntax: (config)# erps <group> sub port0 interface <port_type> <port0> { { port1 interface <port_type> <port1> } |
{ interconnect <major_ring_id> [ virtual-channel ] } }
Explanation: Create a profile and configure the Sub ERPS interface port 0, port 1.
Parameters:
<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number. The allowed range is from 1 to 64.
<port_type> <port0>: Specify sub port’s port type and port number.
{ { port1 interface <port_type> <port1> } | { interconnect <major_ring_id> [ virtual-channel ] } }: Specify Port 1’s
port type and port numbr or specify major ring’s group ID.
Negation: (config)# no erps <group>
Show: # show erps [ <groups> ] [ detail | statistics ]
3.9.11.8 (config)# erps <group> topology-change propagate
Syntax: (config)# erps <group> topology-change propagate
Parameters:
<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number. The allowed range is from 1 to 64.
Explanation: Allow topology change notification propagation.
Negation: (config)# no erps <group> topology-change propagate
Show: # show erps [ <groups> ] [ detail | statistics ]
3.9.11.9 (config)# erps <group> version { 1 | 2 }
Syntax: (config)# erps <group> version { 1 | 2 }
Explanation: Configure ERPS version for a specific profile.
Parameters:
<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number. The allowed range is from 1 to 64.
{ 1 | 2 }: Specify ERPS version 1 or 2.
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Negation: (config)# no erps <group> version
Show: # show erps [ <groups> ] [ detail | statistics ]
3.9.11.10 (config)# erps <group> vlan { none | [ add | remove ] <vlans> }
Syntax: (config)# erps <group> vlan { none | [ add | remove ] <vlans> }
Explanation: Configure VLANs for a specific ERPS profile.
Parameters:
<group: 1-64>: Specify a group number. The allowed range is from 1 to 64.
{ none | [ add | remove ] <vlans> } : Specify an option.
none: Do not include any VLANs.
[ add | remove ] <vlans>: Add or remove a specific VLAN.
Negation: (config)# no erps <group> vlan
Show: # show erps [ <groups> ] [ detail | statistics ]
3.9.12 (config-if)# excessive-restart
Syntax: (config-if)# excessive-restart
Explanation: Restart backoff algorithm after 16 collisions (No excessive-restart means discard frames after 16
collisions.)
Negation: (config-if)# no excessive-restart
Show: > show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
# show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
3.9.13 (config-if)# flowcontrol { on | off }
Syntax: (config-if)# flowcontrol { on | off }
Explanation: Enable or disable flow confrol for this specific interface.
Parameters:
{ on | off }: Enable or disable flow control.
Negation: (config-if)# no flowcontrol
Show: > show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
# show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
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3.9.14 (config)# gvrp
3.9.14.1 (config)# gvrp
Syntax: (config)# gvrp
Explanation: Globally enable GVRP function.
Parameters: None.
Example: Globally enable GVRP function.
# config t
(config)# gvrp
(config)#
Negation: (config)# no gvrp
3.9.14.2 (config)# gvrp max-vlans
Syntax: (config)# gvrp max-vlans <maxvlans>
Explanation: Set up the maximum number of VLANs can be learned via GVRP.
Parameters:
<maxvlans>: Specify the number of VLANs learned via GVRP.
Example: Set the maximum number of VLANs can be learned via GVRP to 20.
# config t
(config)# gvrp
(config)# gvrp max-vlans 20
Negation: (config)# no gvrp max-vlans <maxvlans>
3.9.14.3 (config)# gvrp time
Syntax: (config)# gvrp time { [ join-time <jointime> ] [ leave-time <leavetime> ] [ leave-all-time <leavealltime> ] }
Explanation: Set up the maximum number of VLANs can be learned via GVRP.
Parameters:
[ join-time <jointime> ]: Specify the amount of time in units of centi-seconds that PDUs are transmitted. The
default value is 20 centi-seconds. The valid value is 1~20.
[ leave-time <leavetime> ]: Specify the amount of time in units of centi-seconds that the device waits before
deleting the associated etry. The leave time is activated by a “Leave All-time” message sent/received and
cancelled by the Join message. The default value is 60 centi-seconds.
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NOTE: The “LeaveAll-time” parameter must be greater than the “Leave-time” parameter.
[ leave-all-time <leavealltime> ]: Specify the amount of time that “LeaveAll” PDUs are created. A LeaveAll PDU
indicates that all registrations are shortly de-registered. Participants will need to rejoin in order to maintain
registration. The valid value is 1000 to 5000 centi-seconds. The factory default 1000 centi-seconds.
NOTE: The “LeaveAll-time” parameter must be greater than the “Leave-time” parameter.
Negation: (config)# no gvrp time { [ join-time <jointime> ] [ leave-time <leavetime> ] [ leave-all-time <leavealltime> ] }
3.9.14.4 (config-if)# gvrp
Syntax: (config-if)# gvrp
Explanation: Enable GVRP function on the specified interfaces.
Parameters: None.
Example: Enable GVRP function on port 1~5.
# config t
(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/1-5
(config-if)# gvrp
(config-if)#
Negation: (config-if)# no gvrp
3.9.15 (config)# hostname
Syntax: (config)# hostname <WORD>
Explanation: Specify a descriptive name for this switch.
Parameters:
<WORD32>: Specify a descriptive name for this device. Indicate the hostname for this device. Alphabets (A-Z; a-z),
digits (0-9) and minus sign (-) can be used. However, space characters are not allowed. The first character must
be an alphabet character. The first and last character must not be a minus sign. The allowed string length is 0 –
255.
Example: Set the hostname to AccessSW.
# config t
(config)# hostname AccessSW
AccessSW(Config)#
Negation: (config)# no hostname
Show: > show version
# show version
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3.9.16 (config)# interface
3.9.16.1(config)# interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] )
Syntax: (config)# interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] )
Explanation: Enter Config Interface mode for this specific interface.
Parameters:
<port_type> [ <plist> ]: Specify the port type and port number.
Example: Enter Config Interface mode for Gigabit Ethernet port 1.
# config t
(config)#
(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/1
(config-if)#
Show: > show interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) switchport [ access | trunk | hybrid ]
> show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) capabilities
> show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) statistics [ { packets | bytes | errors | discards | filtered |
{ priority [ <priority_v_0_to_7> ] } } ] [ { up | down } ]
> show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
> show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) veriphy
> show interface vlan [ <vlist> ]
# show interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) switchport [ access | trunk | hybrid ]
# show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) capabilities
# show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) statistics [ { packets | bytes | errors | discards | filtered |
{ priority [ <priority_v_0_to_7> ] } } ] [ { up | down } ]
# show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
# show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) veriphy
# show interface vlan [ <vlist> ]
Clear: # clear statistics { [ interface ] ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) }
3.9.16.2 (config)# interface vlan
Syntax: (config)# interface vlan <vlist>
Explanation: Enter Config Interface VLAN mode for this specific interface.
Example: Enter Config Interface VLAN 1 for port 1.
# config t
(config)#
(config)# interface vlan 1
(config-if-vlan)#
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3.9.17 (config)# ip
3.9.17.1 (config)# ip arp inspection
Syntax: (config)# ip arp inspection
Explanation: Enable ARP inspection function.
Negation: (config)# no ip arp inspection
Show: > show ip arp inspection [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) | vlan <in_vlan_list> ]
# show ip arp inspection [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) | vlan <in_vlan_list> ]
Clear: # clear ip arp
3.9.17.2 (config)# ip arp inspection entry interface
Syntax: (config)# ip arp inspection entry interface <port_type> <in_port_type_id> <vlan_var> <mac_var> <ipv4_var>
Explanation: Create ARP static entry.
Parameters:
<port_type> <in_port_type_id>: Specify the port type and port number.
<vlan_var>: Specify a configured VLAN ID.
<mac_var>: Specify an allowed source MAC address in ARP request packets.
<ipv4_var>: Specify an allowed source IP address in ARP request packets.
Negation: (config)# no ip arp inspection entry interface <port_type> <in_port_type_id> <vlan_var> <mac_var>
<ipv4_var>
Show: # show ip arp inspection entry [ dhcp-snooping | static ] [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) ]
Clear: # clear ip arp
3.9.17.3 (config)# ip arp inspection translate
Syntax: (config)# ip arp inspection translate [ interface <port_type> <in_port_type_id> <vlan_var> <mac_var>
<ipv4_var> ]
Explanation: Translate the dynamic entry to static one.
Parameters:
<port_type> <in_port_type_id>: Specify the port type and port number.
<vlan_var>: Specify a configured VLAN ID.
<mac_var>: Specify an allowed source MAC address in ARP request packets.
<ipv4_var>: Specify an allowed source IP address in ARP request packets.
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Show: # show ip arp inspection entry [ dhcp-snooping | static ] [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.17.4 (config)# ip arp inspection vlan
Syntax: (config)# ip arp inspection vlan <in_vlan_list>
Explanation: Specify ARP inspection is enabled on which VLAN.
Parameters:
<in_vlan_list>: Specify a list of VLAN ID to be used for ARP inspection.
Negation: (config)# no ip arp inspection vlan <in_vlan_list>
Show: < show ip arp
# show ip arp
Clear: # clear ip arp
3.9.17.5 (config)# ip arp inspection vlan <in_vlan_list> logging
Syntax: (config)# ip arp inspection vlan <in_vlan_list> logging { deny | permit | all }
Explanation: Enable log function.
Parameters:
{ deny | permit | all }: Specify one of the log types.
Deny: Log denied entries.
Permit: Log permitted entries.
All: Log all entries.
Negation: (config)# no ip arp inspection vlan <in_vlan_list> logging
Show: < show ip arp
# show ip arp
Clear: # clear ip arp
3.9.17.6 (config)# ip dhcp excluded-address
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp excluded-address <low_ip> [ <high_ip> ]
Parameters:
<low_ip> [ <high_ip> ]: Specify the IP address range that will not be used for DHCP IP assignment.
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Explanation: Configure IP addresses that are not used for DHCP IP allocation.
Example: Exclude IP address 1.2.3.4 to 1.2.3.10 from DHCP IP allocation pool..
# config t
(config)# ip dhcp excluded-address 1.2.3.4 1.2.3.10
(config)# exit
# show ip dhcp excluded-address
Low Address
High Address
--------------- --------------01
1.2.3.4
1.2.3.10
#
Negation: (config)# no ip dhcp excluded-address <low_ip> [ <high_ip> ]
Show: # show ip dhcp excluded-address
3.9.17.7 (config)# ip dhcp pool
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp pool <pool_name>
Parameters:
<pool_name>: Specify the DHCP pool name in 32 characters.
Explanation: Configure the pool name for DHCP IP addresses.
Negation: (config)# no ip dhcp pool <pool_name>
Show: # show ip dhcp pool
3.9.17.8 (config)# ip dhcp relay
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp relay
Explanation: Enable DHCP relay function.
Example: Enable DHCP relay function.
# config t
(config)# ip dhcp relay
Negation: (config)# no ip dhcp relay
Show: > show ip dhcp relay [statistics]
# show ip dhcp relay [statistics]
Clear: # clear ip dhcp relay statistics
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3.9.17.9 (config)# ip dhcp relay information circuit-id format
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp relay information circuit-id format { standard | tr101 | alias }
Parameters:
{ standard | tr101 | alias }: Specify the DHCP relay circuit ID format.
standard: Used for defining the switch port and VLAN ID according to RFC 3046.
tr-101: Used for defining the switch IP, switch port and VLAN ID according to TR-101.
alias: Use the individual values for port Alias.
Explanation: Specify the appropriate circuit ID format.
Negation: (config)# no ip dhcp relay information circuit-id format
3.9.17.10 (config)# ip dhcp relay information option
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp relay information option
Explanation: Enable DHCP Relay option 82 function. Please note that “Relay Mode” must be enabled before this
function is able to take effect.
Example: Enable DHCP Relay option 82 function
# config t
(config)# ip dhcp relay information option
Negation: (config)# no ip dhcp relay information option
3.9.17.11 (config)# ip dhcp relay information policy {drop | keep |replace}
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp relay information policy { drop | keep | replace }
Explanation: Specify DHCP Relay information reforwarding policy action.
Parameters:
{ drop | keep | replace }: Specify one of the relay information policy options.
drop: Drop the packet when it receives a DHCP message that already contains relay information.
keep: Keep the client’s DHCP information.
replace: Replace (rewrite) the DHCP client packet information with the switch’s relay information. This is the
default setting.
Example: Keep the client’s DHCP information.
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# config t
(config)# ip dhcp relay information policy keep
Negation: (config)# no ip dhcp relay information policy
3.9.17.12 (config)# ip dhcp relay information remote-id
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp relay information remote-id <v_line63>
Parameters:
<v_line63>: Specify remote ID string.
Explanation: Specify the remoted ID inserted in DHCP Relay information option.
Negation: (config)# no ip dhcp relay information remote-id
Show: # show ip dhcp relay
3.9.17.13 (config)# ip dhcp relay information remote-id format
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp relay information remote-id format { none | mac | configured }
Parameters:
{ none | mac | configured }: Specify remote ID format.
none: Sub-option 2 is not used.
mac: Add MAC address to Option 82 information.
configured: Use the desire remote ID format.
Explanation: Specify the remoted ID format inserted in DHCP Relay information option.
Negation: (config)# no ip dhcp relay information remote-id format
Show: # show ip dhcp relay
3.9.17.14 (config)# ip dhcp server
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp server
Explanation: Enable DHCP server function globally.
Example: Enable DHCP server function.
# config t
(config)# ip dhcp server
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Negation: (config)# no ip dhcp server
Show: > show ip dhcp server
# show ip dhcp server
3.9.17.15 (config)# ip dhcp snooping
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp snooping
Explanation: Enable DHCP snooping function globally. When DHCP snooping mode operation is enabled, the DHCP
request messages will be forwarded to trusted ports and only allow reply packets from trusted ports.
Example: Enable DHCP snooping function.
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
# config t
(config)# ip dhcp snooping
Negation: (config)# no ip dhcp snooping
Show: > show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
# show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
# show ip dhcp snooping table
Clear: # clear ip dhcp snooping statistics [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
3.9.17.16 (config)# ip dhcp snooping vlan
Syntax: (config)# ip dhcp snooping vlan { all | none | [ add | remove | except ] <vlan_list> }
{ all | none | [ add | remove | except ] <vlan_list> }: A single VLAN or a range of VLANs specified here will be
treated as authorized and secure VLANs. Packets from specified VLANs are forwarded normally.
Explanation: Configure the allowed VLAN when DHCP Snooping is enabled.
Show: > show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
# show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
# show ip dhcp snooping table
3.9.17.17 (config)# ip dns proxy
Syntax: (config)# ip dns proxy
Explanation: Enable DNS (Domain Name System) proxy function.
Example: Enable DNS (Domain Name System) proxy function.
# config t
(config)# ip dns proxy
Negation: (config)# no ip dns proxy
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3.9.17.18 (config)# ip helper-address
Syntax: (config)# ip helper-address <v_ipv4_ucast>
Explanation: Configure DHCP Relay server IPv4 address.
Parameters:
<v_ipv4_ucast>: Specify DHCP Relay server IPv4 address that is used by the switch’s DHCP relay agent
Negation: (config)# no ip helper-address
3.9.17.19 (config)# ip http secure-server
Syntax: (config)# ip http secure-server
Explanation: Enable the HTTPS operation mode. When the current connection is HTTPS and HTTPS mode operation is
disabled, web browser will automatically redirect to an HTTP connection.
Example: Enable the HTTPS operation mode.
# config t
(config)# ip http secure-server
Negation: (config)# no ip http secure-server
Show: # show ip http server secure status
3.9.17.20 (config)# ip http secure-redirect
Syntax: (config)# ip http secure-redirect
Explanation: Enable the HTTPS redirect mode operation. It applies only if HTTPS mode is "Enabled". Automatically
redirects HTTP of web browser to an HTTPS connection when both HTTPS mode and Automatic Redirect are enabled.
Example: Enable HTTPs automatic redirect mode.
# config t
(config)# ip http secure-redirect
Negation: (config)# no ip http secure-redirect
Show: # show ip http server secure status
3.9.17.21 (config)# ip igmp host-proxy
Syntax: (config)# ip igmp host-proxy [ leave-proxy ]
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Explanation: When enabled, the switch suppresses leave messages unless received from the last member port in the
group. IGMP leave proxy suppresses all unnecessary IGMP leave messages so that a non-querier switch forwards an
IGMP leave packet only when the last dynamic member port leaves a multicast group.
Parameters:
[leave-proxy]: The parameter is optional. Enable leave-proxy function.
Negation: (config)# no ip igmp host-proxy [leave-proxy]
Show: # show ip igmp snooping detail
3.9.17.22 (config)# ip igmp snooping
Syntax: (config)# ip igmp snooping
Explanation: Globally enable IGMP Snooping feature. When enabled, this device will monitor network traffic and
determine which hosts will receive multicast traffic. The switch can passively monitor or snoop on IGMP Query and
Report packets transferred between IP multicast routers and IP multicast service subscribers to identify the multicast
group members. The switch simply monitors the IGMP packets passing through it, picks out the group registration
information and configures the multicast filters accordingly.
Negation: (config)# no ip igmp snooping
Show: # show ip igmp snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
Clear: # clear ip igmp snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] statistics
3.9.17.23 (config)# ip igmp snooping vlan
Syntax: (config)# ip igmp snooping vlan <v_vlan_list>
Explanation: Enable IGMP function for specific VLANs.
Parameters:
<v_vlan_list>: Specify valid IGMP VLANs.
Negation: (config)# no ip igmp snooping vlan [ <v_vlan_list> ]
Show: # show ip igmp snooping
Clear: # clear ip igmp snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] statistics
3.9.17.24 (config)# ip igmp ssm-range
Syntax: (config)# ip igmp ssm-range <v_ipv4_mcast> <ipv4_prefix_length>
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Explanation: SSM (Source-Specific Multicast) Range allows the SSM-aware hosts and routers run the SSM service
model for the groups in the address range.
Parameters:
<v_ipv4_mcast>: Specify valid IPv4 multicast address.
<ipv4_prefix_length>: Specify the prefix length ranging from 4 to 32.
Negation: (config)# no ip igmp ssm-range
3.9.17.25 (config)# ip igmp unknown-flooding
Syntax: (config)# ip igmp unknown-flooding
Explanation: Set forwarding mode for unregistered (not-joined) IP multicast traffic. Select the checkbox to flood traffic.
Negation: (config)# no ip igmp unknown-flooding
3.9.17.26 (config)# ip name-server
Syntax: (config)# ip name-server { <v_ipv4_ucast> | dhcp [ interface vlan <v_vlan_id> ] }
Explanation: Set up DNS IP address manually or obtain DNS IP address via specific VLAN DHCP server.
Parameters:
<v_ipv4_ucast>: Manually specify unicast IPv4 name server address.
dhcp [ interface vlan <v_vlan_id> ]: Configure DNS IP address via specific VLAN DHCP server.
Negation: (config)# no ip name-server
Show: > show ip name-server
# show ip name-server
3.9.17.27 (config)# ip route
Syntax: (config)# ip route <v_ipv4_addr> <v_ipv4_netmask> <v_ipv4_gw>
Explanation: Configure a static IP route.
Parameters:
<v_ipv4_addr>: Specify IPv4 address. The IP route is the destination IP network or host address of this route.
Valid format is dotted decimal notation.
<v_ipv4_netmask>: The route mask is a destination IP network or host mask, in number of bits (prefix length). It
defines how much of a network address that must match, in order to qualify for this route. Only a default route
will have a mask length of 0 (as it will match anything).
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<v_ipv4_gw>: This is the IP address of the gateway. Valid format is dotted decimal notation. Gateway and
Network must be of the same type.
Example: Add a new ip route with the following settings.
# config t
(config)# ip route 192.168.1.240 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.254
Negation: (config)# no ip route <v_ipv4_addr> <v_ipv4_netmask> <v_ipv4_gw>
Show: > show ip route
# show ip route
3.9.17.28 (config)# ip routing
Syntax: (config)# ip routing
Explanation: Enable IPv4 and IPv6 routing.
Example: Enable IPv4 and IPv6 routing.
# config t
(config)# ip routing
Negation: (config)# no ip routing
Show: > show ip route
> show ipv6 route [interface vlan <vlan_list>]
# show ip route
# show ipv6 route [interface vlan<vlan_list>]
# show ip route
127.0.0.1/32 via 127.0.0.1 <UP HOST>
224.0.0.0/4 via 127.0.0.1 <UP>
# show ipv6 route interface vlan 1
::1/128 via ::1 <UP HOST>
3.9.17.29 (config)# ip source binding interface
Syntax: (config)# ip source binding interface <port_type> <in_port_type_id> <vlan_var> <ipv4_var> <mask_var>
Explanation: Create a static entry.
Parameters:
<port_type> <in_port_type_id>: Specify a port type and port number to which a static entry is bound.
<vlan_var>: Specify VLAN ID that has been configured.
<ipv4_var>: Specify a valid IPv4 address.
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<mask_var>: Specify the subnet mask for the entered IP address.
Negation: (config)# no ip source binding interface <port_type> <in_port_type_id> <vlan_var> <ipv4_var> <mask_var>
Show: # show ip source binding [ dhcp-snooping | static ] [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.17.30 (config)# ip ssh
Syntax: (config)# ip ssh
Explanation: Enable SSH mode.
Example: Enable SSH mode.
# config t
(config)# ip ssh
Negation: (config)# no ip ssh
Show: # show ip ssh
NOTE: SSH is preferred to Telnet, unless the management network is trusted. Telnet passes authentication credentials
in plain text, making those credentials susceptible to packet capture and analysis. SSH provides a secure authentication
method. The SSH in this device uses version 2 of SSH protocol.
3.9.17.31 (config)# ip verify source
Syntax: (config)# ip verify source
Explanation: Enable IP source guard function.
Negation: (config)# no ip verify source
Show: > show ip verify source [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show ip verify source [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.17.32 (config)# ip verify source translate
Syntax: (config)# ip verify source translate
Explanation: Translate Dynamic entries to Static ones.
3.9.17.33 (config-if)# ip arp inspection check-type
Syntax: (config-if)# ip arp inspection check-type { request | reply | both }
Parameters:
{ request | reply | both }: Specify the check type.
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rquqest: Check ARP rquest packets.
reply: Check ARP reply packets.
both: Check both ARP request and reply packets.
Explanation: Specify the check type for ARP inspection.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip arp inspection check-type
3.9.17.34 (config-if)# ip arp inspection check-vlan
Syntax: (config-if)# ip arp inspection check-vlan
Explanation: Enable check vlan function.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip arp inspection check-vlan
3.9.17.35 (config-if)# ip arp inspection logging
Syntax: (config-if)# ip arp inspection logging { deny | permit | all }
Explanation: Enable log function on a specific interface.
Parameters:
{ deny | permit | all }: Specify one of the log types.
deny: Log denied entries.
permit: Log permitted entries.
all: Log all entries.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip arp inspection logging
3.9.17.36 (config-if)# ip arp inspection trust
Syntax: (config-if)# ip arp inspection trust
Explanation: Enable trust state on the selected interfaces.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip arp inspection trust
3.9.17.37 (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping trust
Syntax: (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping trust
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Explanation: Set this interface to DHCP Snooping trusted port.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip dhcp snooping trust
Show: > show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
# show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
3.9.17.38 (config-if)# ip dhcp relay information subscriber-id
Syntax: (config-if)# ip dhcp relay information subscriber-id <v_line63>
Explanation: Use this command to configure DHCP Option 82 subscriber ID on a per port basis.
Parameters:
<v_line63>: Specify DHCP Option 82 suboption 6 (subscriber ID).
Show: > show ip dhcp relay [ statistics ]
# show ip dhcp relay [ statistics ]
3.9.17.39 (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping limit
Syntax: (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping limit
Explanation: Enable DHCP Snooping client limit function.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip dhcp snooping limit
Show: > show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
#show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
3.9.17.40 (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping limit maximum
Syntax: (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping limit maximum <cnt_var>
Parameter:
<cnt_var: 1-32>: Specify the maximum number of DHCP clients that can be learnt on this specific port. The valid
number is 1 to 32.
Explanation: Enable DHCP Snooping client limit function.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip dhcp snooping limit maximum
Show: > show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
#show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
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3.9.17.41 (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping trust
Syntax: (config-if)# ip dhcp snooping trust
Explanation: Enable the selected port or ports are DHCP Snooping trusted ports. DHCP requests from Trusted ports
are processed.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip dhcp snooping trust
Show: > show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
#show ip dhcp snooping [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_list> ] ) ]
3.9.17.42 (config-if)# ip igmp snooping filter
Syntax: (config-if)# ip igmp snooping filter <profile_name>
Explanation: Use this command to filter specific multicast traffic on a per port basis.
Parameters:
<profile_name>: Specify the configured multicast groups that are denied on a port. When a certain multicast
group is selected on a port, IGMP join reports received on a port are dropped.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip igmp snooping filter
Show: > show ip igmp snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ip igmp snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.17.43 (config-if)# ip igmp snooping immediate-leave
Syntax: (config-if)# ip igmp snooping immediate-leave
Explanation: Enable fast leave function on a specific port. When a leave packet is received, the switch immediately
removes it from a multicast service without sending an IGMP group-specific (GS) query to that interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip igmp snooping immediate-leave
Show: > show ip igmp snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ip igmp snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.17.44 (config-if)# ip igmp snooping max-groups
Syntax: (config-if)# ip igmp snooping max-groups <throttling>
Explanation: Specify the maximum number of multicast groups that a port can join at the same time.
Parameters:
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<throttling>: This field limits the maximum number of multicast groups that a port can join at the same time.
When the maximum number is reached on a port, any new IGMP join reports will be dropped. By default,
unlimited is selected. The allowed range can be specified is 1 to 10.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip igmp snooping max-groups
Show: > show ip igmp snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ip igmp snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.17.45 (config-if)# ip igmp snooping mrouter
Syntax: (config-if)# ip igmp snooping mrouter
Explanation: Set this interface to Router port. If IGMP snooping cannot locate the IGMP querier, you can manually
designate a port which is connected to a known IGMP querier (i.e., a multicast router/switch). This interface will then
join all the current multicast groups supported by the attached router/switch to ensure that multicast traffic is passed
to all appropriate interfaces within the switch.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip igmp snooping mrouter
Show: > show ip igmp snooping mrouter [ detail ]
# show ip igmp snooping mrouter [ detail ]
3.9.17.46 (config-if)# ip verify source
Syntax: (config-if)# ip verify source
Explanation: Enable IP Source Guard on this interface
Negation: (config-if)# no ip verify source
Show: > show ip verify source [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show ip verify source [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.17.47 (config-if)# ip verify source limit
Syntax: (config-if)# ip verify source limit <0-2>
Explanation: Specify the maximum number of dynamic clients that can be learned on a port. The available options are
0, 1, 2. If the port mode is enabled and the maximum number of dynamic clients is equal 0, the switch will only
forward IP packets that are matched in static entries for a given port.
Parameters:
<0-2>: Specify the maximum number of dynamic clients that can be learned on a port.
Negation: (config-if)# no ip verify source limit
Show: > show ip verify source [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) ]
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# show ip verify source [ interface ( <port_type> [ <in_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.17.48 (config-if-vlan)# ip address
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip address { { <address> <netmask> } | { dhcp [ fallback <fallback_address>
<fallback_netmask> [ timeout <fallback_timeout> ] ] } }
Explanation: Configure IPv4 address for this VLAN interface.
Parameters:
<address> <netmask>: Specify IPv4 address and subnet mask.
dhcp [ fallback <fallback_address> <fallback_netmask> [ timeout <fallback_timeout> ] ]: Use DHCP server to
automatically assign IP address.
fallback <fallback_address> <fallback_netmask>: specify Fallback IP address and subnet mask.
timeout <fallback_timeout>: Specify Fallback timeout value.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip address
Show: > show ip interface brief
# show ip interface brief
3.9.17.49 (config-if-vlan)# ip dhcp server
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip dhcp server
Explanation: Eanble DHCP server on this specific VLAN.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip dhcp server
Show: > show ip dhcp server
# show ip dhcp server
3.9.17.50 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping
Explanation: Eanble IGMP Snooping on this specific VLAN.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip igmp snooping
Show: > show ip statistics [ system ] [ interface vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ icmp ] [ icmp-msg <type> ]
# show ip statistics [ system ] [ interface vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ icmp ] [ icmp-msg <type> ]
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3.9.17.51 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping compatibility
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping compatibility { auto | v1 | v2 | v3 }
Explanation: Configure IGMP Snooping version used for this specific VLAN.
Parameters:
{ auto | v1 | v2 | v3 }: Specify one of the IGMP Snooping options.
auto: Compatible with Version 1, Version 2, and Version 3.
v1: Compatible with IGMP version 1.
v2: Compatible with IGMP version 2.
v3: Compatible with IGMP version 3.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip igmp snooping compatibility
3.9.17.52 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval <ipmc_lmqi>
Explanation: LMQI stands for Last Member Query Interval and is to configure the maximum time to wait for
IGMP/MLD report memberships on a receiver port before removing the port from multicast group membership. The
allowed range is 0~31744 tenths of a second.
Parameters:
<ipmc_lmqi: 0-31744>: Specify LMQI (Last Member Query Interval) value.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip igmp snooping last-member-query-interval
3.9.17.53 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping priority
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping priority <cos_priority>
Explanation: Specify the priority for transmitting IGMP/MLD control frames. By default, priority is set to 0. Allowed
priority values is 0 -7.
Parameters:
<cos_priority: 0-7>: Specify COS for this specific VLAN. The valid range is 0 to 7.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip igmp snooping priority
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3.9.17.54 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping querier
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping querier { election | address <v_ipv4_ucast> }
Parameters:
{ election | address <v_ipv4_ucast> }: Elect the IGMP Snooping querier or use the specified IPv4 unicast address
as a querier.
Explanation: Elect or specify IGMP Snooping querier IP address.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip igmp snooping querier { election | address }
3.9.17.55 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping query-interval
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping query-interval <ipmc_qi>
Explanation: Specify IPMC Query interval value.
Parameters:
<ipmc_qi: 1-31744>: Specify IPMC Query interval value. The valid value is 1~31744.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip igmp snooping query-interval
3.9.17.56 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping query-max-response-time
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping query-max-response-time <ipmc_qri>
Explanation: Specify IPMC Query Response time value.
Parameters:
<ipmc_qri>: Specify IPMC Query Response time value. The valid value is 1~31744.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip igmp snooping query-max-response-time
3.9.17.57 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping robustness-variable
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping robustness-variable <ipmc_rv>
Explanation: The robustness variable (RV) allows tuning for the expected packet loss on a subnet. If a subnet is
susceptible to packet loss, this value can be increased. The RV value must not be zero and should not be one. The
value should be 2 or greater. By default, it is set to 2.
Parameters:
<ipmc_rv: 1-255>: Specify IPMC Robustness Variable value. The valid value is 1~255.
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Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip igmp snooping robustness-variable
3.9.17.58 (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping unsolicited-report-interval
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ip igmp snooping unsolicited-report-interval <ipmc_uri>
Explanation: The Unsolicited Report Interval is the amount of time that the upstream interface should transmit
unsolicited IGMP reports when report suppression/proxy reporting is enabled. The allowed range for URI is 0 -31744
seconds.
Parameters:
<ipmc_uri: 0-31744>: Specify Unsolicited Report Interval value. The valid value is 0~31744.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ip igmp snooping unsolicited-report-interval
3.9.17.59 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 address
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 address <subnet>
Explanation: Configure IPv6 address for this VLAN interface.
Parameters:
<subnet>: Specify IPv6 address in X:X:X:X::X/<0-128> format.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ipv6 address [ <ipv6_subnet> ]
Show: > show ip interface brief
> show ipv6 interface [ vlan <v_vlan_list> { brief | statistics } ]
# show ip interface brief
# show ipv6 interface [ vlan <v_vlan_list> { brief | statistics } ]
3.9.17.60 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping
Explanation: Eanble MLD (Multicast Listener Discovery) Snooping on this specific VLAN.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ipv6 mld snooping
Show: > show ipv6 statistics [ system ] [ interface vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ icmp ] [ icmp-msg <type> ]
# show ipv6 statistics [ system ] [ interface vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ icmp ] [ icmp-msg <type> ]
3.9.17.61 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping compatibility
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping compatibility { auto | v1 | v2 }
Explanation: Configure MLD Snooping version used for this specific VLAN.
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Parameters:
{ auto | v1 | v2 | v3 }: Specify one of the MLD Snooping options.
auto: Compatible with Version 1, Version 2.
v1: Compatible with MLD version 1.
v2: Compatible with MLD version 2.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ipv6 mld snooping compatibility
3.9.17.62 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping last-member-query-interval
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping last-member-query-interval <ipmc_lmqi>
Explanation: LMQI stands for Last Member Query Interval and is to configure the maximum time to wait for
IGMP/MLD report memberships on a receiver port before removing the port from multicast group membership. The
allowed range is 0~31744 tenths of a second.
Parameters:
<ipmc_lmqi: 0-31744>: Specify LMQI (Last Member Query Interval) value.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ipv6 mld snooping last-member-query-interval
3.9.17.63 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping priority <cos_priority>
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping priority <cos_priority>
Explanation: Specify the priority for transmitting IGMP/MLD control frames. By default, priority is set to 0. Allowed
priority values is 0 -7.
Parameters:
<cos_priority: 0-7>: Specify COS for this specific VLAN. The valid range is 0 to 7.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ipv6 mld snooping priority
3.9.17.64 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping querier election
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping querier election
Explanation: Enable MLD Snooping querier election function.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ipv6 mld snooping querier election
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3.9.17.65 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping query-interval <ipmc_qi>
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping query-interval <ipmc_qi>
Explanation: Specify MLD Query interval value.
Parameters:
<ipmc_qi: 1-31744>: Specify IPMC Query interval value. The valid value is 1~31744.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ipv6 mld snooping query-interval
3.9.17.66 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping query-max-response-time <ipmc_qri>
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping query-max-response-time <ipmc_qri>
Explanation: Specify MLD Query Response time value.
Parameters:
<ipmc_qri>: Specify MLD Query Response time value. The valid value is 1~31744.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ipv6 mld snooping query-max-response-time
3.9.17.67 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping robustness-variable <ipmc_rv>
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping robustness-variable <ipmc_rv>
Explanation: The robustness variable (RV) allows tuning for the expected packet loss on a subnet. If a subnet is
susceptible to packet loss, this value can be increased. The RV value must not be zero and should not be one. The
value should be 2 or greater. By default, it is set to 2.
Parameters:
<ipmc_rv: 1-255>: Specify IPMC Robustness Variable value. The valid value is 1~255.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ipv6 mld snooping robustness-variable
3.9.17.68 (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping unsolicited-report-interval <ipmc_uri>
Syntax: (config-if-vlan)# ipv6 mld snooping unsolicited-report-interval <ipmc_uri>
Explanation: The Unsolicited Report Interval is the amount of time that the upstream interface should transmit
unsolicited IGMP reports when report suppression/proxy reporting is enabled. The allowed range for URI is 0 -31744
seconds.
Parameters:
<ipmc_uri: 0-31744>: Specify Unsolicited Report Interval value. The valid value is 0~31744.
Negation: (config-if-vlan)# no ipv6 mld snooping unsolicited-report-interval
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3.9.18 (config)# ipmc
3.9.18.1 (config)# ipmc profile
Syntax: (config)# ipmc profile
Explanation: Enable IPMC (IP multicast) profile globally.
Negation: (config)# no ipmc profile
Show: # show ipmc profile
3.9.18.2 (config)# ipmc profile <profile_name>
Syntax: (config)# ipmc profile <profile_name>
Parameters:
<profile_name: word16>: Specify the desired profile name in 16 characters. When entered is pressed, the
command will change to (config-ipmc-profile)#.
Explanation: Set up an IPMC profile.
Example: Create an IPMC profile named “goldpass”.
# config t
(config)# ipmc profile goldpass
(config-ipmc-profile)#
Negation: (config)# no ipmc profile <profile_name>
Show: # show ipmc profile [ <profile_name> ] [ detail ]
3.9.18.3 (config)# ipmc range
Syntax: (config)# ipmc range <entry_name> { <v_ipv4_mcast> [ <v_ipv4_mcast_1> ] | <v_ipv6_mcast>
[ <v_ipv6_mcast_1> ] }
Explanation: Specify the multicast IP range. The available IP range is from 224.0.0.0~239.255.255.255.
Parameters:
<entry_name>: The name used in specifying the address range.
{ <v_ipv4_mcast> [ <v_ipv4_mcast_1> ] | <v_ipv6_mcast> [ <v_ipv6_mcast_1> ] }: Specify the multicast IP range.
The available IP range is from 224.0.0.0~239.255.255.255.
Negation: (config)# no no ipmc range <entry_name>
Show: # show ipmc profile [ <profile_name> ] [ detail ]
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3.9.18.4 (config-ipmc-profile)# default range
Syntax: (config-ipmc-profile)# default range <entry_name>
Parameters:
<entry_name: word16>: Specify an entry name in 16 characters for this IPMC profile.
Explanation: To set default IPMC Profile Rule for a specific IPMC Profile.
Example: To default IPMC Profile Rule (Entry 1) for specific IPMC Profile.
# config t
(config)# ipmc profile goldpass
(config-ipmc-profile)# default range 1
Negation: (config-ipmc-profile)# no range <entry_name>
Show: # show ipmc profile
#show ipmc profile [ <profile_name> ] [ detail ]
3.9.18.5 (config-ipmc-profile)# description
Syntax: (config-ipmc-profile)# description <profile_desc>
Parameters:
<profile_desc: line 64>: Additional description for the designated profile in 64 characters.
Explanation: Specify descriptive information for the designated profile.
Example: Provide descriptive information for IPMC profile goldpass.
# config t
(config)# ipmc profile goldpass
(config-ipmc-profile)# description 1stclasscustomer
Negation: (config-ipmc-profile)# no description
Show: # show ipmc profile
#show ipmc profile [ <profile_name> ] [ detail ]
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3.9.18.6 (config-ipmc-profile)# range
Syntax: (config-ipmc-profile)# range <entry_name> { permit | deny } [ log ] [ next <next_entry> ]
Parameters:
<entry_name>: Specify an entry name.
{ permit | deny }: Specify the action taken upon receiving the Join/Report frame that has the group address
matches the address range of the rule.
Permit: Group address matches the range specified in the rule will be learned.
Deny: Group address matches the range specified in the rule will be dropped.
[ log ]: Log when matching
[ next <next_entry> ]: Specify next entry used in profile
Explanation: To set action of an entry for a specific IPMC profile.
Negation: (config-ipmc-profile)# no range <entry_name>
Show: # show ipmc profile
#show ipmc profile [ <profile_name> ] [ detail ]
3.9.19 (config)# ipv6 mld host-proxy
3.9.19.1 (config)# ipv6 mld host-proxy
Syntax: (config)# ipv6 mld host-proxy
Explanation: Enable IPv6 MLD proxy. When MLD proxy is enabled, the switch exchanges MLD messages with the
router on its upstream interface, and performs the host portion of the MLD task on the upstream interface as follows:



When queried, it sends multicast listener reports to the group.
When a host joins a multicast group to which no other host belongs, it sends unsolicited multicast listener
reports to that group.
When the last host in a particular multicast group leaves, it sends an unsolicited multicast listener done
report to the all-routers address (FF02::2) for MLDv1.
Example: Enable IPv6 MLD Proxy.
# config t
Example: Enable IPv6 MLD proxy.
(config)# ipv6 mld host-proxy
(config)#
Negation: (config)# no ipv6 mld host-proxy
Show: > show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
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# show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.19.2 (config)# ipv6 mld host-proxy leave-proxy
Syntax: (config)# ipv6 mld host-proxy leave-proxy
Explanation: Enable IPv6 MLD leave proxy. To prevent multicast router from becoming overloaded with leave
messages, MLD snooping suppresses leave messages unless received from the last member port in the group. When
the switch acts as the querier, the leave proxy feature will not function.
Example: Enable IPv6 MLD leave proxy.
# config t
(config)# ipv6 mld host-proxy leave-proxy
(config)#
Negation: (config)# no ipv6 mld host-proxy leave-proxy
Show: > show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.19.3 (config)# ipv6 mld snooping
Syntax: (config)# ipv6 mld snooping
Explanation: Enable MLD Snooping feature globally. When enabled, this device will monitor network traffic and
determine which hosts would like to receive multicast traffic. The switch can passively monitor or snoop on MLD
Listener Query and Report packets transferred between IP multicast routers and IP multicast service subscribers to
identify the multicast group members. The switch simply monitors the IGMP packets passing through it, picks out the
group registration information and configures the multicast filters accordingly.
Example: Enable IPv6 MLD snooping.
# config t
(config)# ipv6 mld snooping
(config)#
Negation: (config)# no ipv6 mld snooping
Show: > show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
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3.9.19.4 (config)# ipv6 mld snooping vlan
Syntax: (config)# ipv6 mld snooping vlan <v_vlan_list>
Parameters:
<v_vlan_list>: Specify VLAN ID for MLD.
Negation: (config)# no ipv6 mld snooping vlan [ <v_vlan_list> ]
Show: > show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
> show ipv6 mld snooping mrouter [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping mrouter [ detail ]
Clear: # clear ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] statistics
3.9.19.5 (config)# ipv6 mld ssm-range
Syntax: (config)# ipv6 mld ssm-range <v_ipv6_mcast> <ipv6_prefix_length>
Parameters:
<v_ipv6_mcast>: Specify valid IPv6 mluticast address.
<ipv6_prefix_length>: Specify prefix length range from 8 to 128.
Explanation: Specify SSM (Source-Specific Multicast) Range. This setting allows the SSM-aware hosts and routers run
the SSM service model for the groups in the address range.
Example: Configure MLD SSM with the ff3e::7728/128 settings.
Example: Enable IPv6 MLD proxy.
# config t
(config)# ipv6 mld ssm-range ff3e::7728 128
Negation: (config)# no ipv6 mld ssm-range
Show: > show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.19.6 (config)# ipv6 mld unknown-flooding
Syntax: (config)# ipv6 mld unknown-flooding
Explanation: Enable forwarding mode for unregistered (not-joined) IP multicast traffic.
Example: To flood unregistered IPv6 multicast traffic
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Example: Enable IPv6 MLD proxy.
# config t
(config)# ipv6 mld unknown-flooding
Negation: (config)# no ipv6 mld unknown-flooding
Show: > show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
> show ipv6 mld snooping mrouter [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping mrouter [ detail ]
3.9.19.7 (config)# ipv6 route
Syntax: (configure)# ipv6 route <v_ipv6_subnet> { <v_ipv6_ucast> | interface vlan <v_vlan_id> <v_ipv6_addr> }
Parameters:
<v_ipv6_subnet>: Specify IPv6 route address.
{ <v_ipv6_ucast> | interface vlan <v_vlan_id> <v_ipv6_addr> }: Specify one of the options. This could be either
IPv6 next hop unicast address or an interface.
Explanation: Configure a static IPv6 route.
Negation: (config)# no ipv6 route <v_ipv6_subnet> { <v_ipv6_ucast> | interface vlan <v_vlan_id> <v_ipv6_addr> }
Show: # show ipv6 route [ interface vlan <v_vlan_list> ]
3.9.19.8 (config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping filter
Syntax: (config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping filter <profile_name>
Explanation: Use this command to filter specific multicast traffic on a per port basis.
Parameters:
<profile_name>: Specify the configured multicast groups that are denied on a port. When a certain multicast
group is selected on a port, IGMP join reports received on a port are dropped.
Negation: (config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping filter
Show: > show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
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3.9.19.9 (config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping immediate-leave
Syntax: (config-if)# ipv6 igmp snooping immediate-leave
Explanation: Enable fast leave function on a specific port. When a leave packet is received, the switch immediately
removes it from a multicast service without sending an IGMP group-specific (GS) query to that interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping immediate-leave
Show: > show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.19.10 (config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping max-groups
Syntax: (config-if)# ip igmp snooping max-groups <throttling>
Explanation: Specify the maximum number of multicast groups that a port can join at the same time.
Parameters:
<throttling>: This field limits the maximum number of multicast groups that a port can join at the same time.
When the maximum number is reached on a port, any new IGMP join reports will be dropped. By default,
unlimited is selected. The allowed range can be specified is 1 to 10.
Negation: (config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping max-groups
Show: > show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3. 9.19.11 (config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping mrouter
Syntax: (config-if)# ipv6 mld snooping mrouter
Explanation: Set this interface to Router port. If IGMP snooping cannot locate the IGMP querier, you can manually
designate a port which is connected to a known IGMP querier (i.e., a multicast router/switch). This interface will then
join all the current multicast groups supported by the attached router/switch to ensure that multicast traffic is passed
to all appropriate interfaces within the switch.
Negation: (config-if)# no ipv6 mld snooping mrouter
Show: > show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
> show ipv6 mld snooping mrouter [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping [ vlan <v_vlan_list> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show ipv6 mld snooping mrouter [ detail ]
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3.9.20 (config)# lacp
3.9.20.1 (config)# lacp system-priority
Syntax: (configure)# lacp system-priority <v_1_to_65535>
Parameters:
<v_1_to_65535>: The priority of the port. The allowed value range is from 1 to 65535.
Explanation: Configure system priority for LACP function. The lower number means greater priority. This priority value
controls which ports will be active and which ones will be in a backup role.
Example: Set LACP system priority value to 100.
Example: Enable IPv6 MLD proxy.
# config t
(config)# lacp system-priority 100
Negation: (config)# no lacp system-priority <v_1_to_65535>
Show: # show lacp { internal | statistics | system-id | neighbour }
3.9.20.2 (config-if)# lacp
Syntax: (config-if)# lacp
Explanation: Enable LACP on this interface.
Example: Enable LACP on port 1.
# config t
(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/1
(config-if)# lacp
(config-if)#
Negation: (config-if)# no lacp
Show: # show lacp { internal | statistics | system-id | neighbour }
Clear: # clear lacp statistics
3.9.20.3 (config-if)# lacp key
Syntax: (config-if)# lacp key { <v_1_to_65535> | auto }
Explanation: Configure a LACP key for this interface.
Parameters:
{ <v_1_to_65535> | auto }: Specify a LACP key for this interface. The “auto” setting sets the key as appropriate by
the physical link speed. If you want a user-defined key value, enter a value between 1 and 65535. Ports in an
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aggregated link group must have the same LACP port Key. In order to allow a port to join an aggregated group,
the port Key must be set to the same value.
Negation: (config-if)# no lacp key { <v_1_to_65535> | auto }
Show: # show lacp { internal | statistics | system-id | neighbour }
3.9.20.4 (config-if)# lacp port-priority <v_1_to_65535>
Syntax: (config-if)# lacp port-priority <v_1_to_65535>
Explanation: Configure a LACP key for this interface.
Parameters:
<v_1_to_65535>}: Specify a LACP port priority for this interface. The lower number means greater priority. This
priority value controls which ports will be active and which ones will be in a backup role.
Negation: (config-if)# no lacp port-priority <v_1_to_65535>
Show: # show lacp { internal | statistics | system-id | neighbour }
3.9.20.5 (config-if)# lacp role { active | passive }
Syntax: (config-if)# lacp role { active | passive }
Explanation: Configure LACP role for this interface.
Parameters:
{ active | passive }: Specify either “Active” or “Passive” role depending on the device’s capability of negotiating
and sending LACP control packets. Ports that are designated as “Active” are able to process and send LACP
control frames. Hence, this allows LACP compliant devices to negotiate the aggregated like so that the group may
be changed dynamically as required. In order to add or remove ports from the group, at least one of the
participating devices must set to “Active” LACP ports.
Negation: (config-if)# no lacp role { active | passive }
Show: # show lacp { internal | statistics | system-id | neighbour }
3.9.20.6 (config-if)# lacp timeout { fast | slow }
Syntax: (config-if)# lacp timeout { fast | slow }
Explanation: Configure timeout mode.
Parameters:
{ fast | slow }: The Timeout controls the period between BPDU transmissions. Fast will transmit LACP packets
each second, while Slow will wait for 30 seconds before sending a LACP packet.
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Negation: (config-if)# no lacp timeout { fast | slow }
Show: # show lacp { internal | statistics | system-id | neighbour }
3.9.21 (config)# line
3.9.21.1 (config)# line
Syntax: (configure)# line { <0~16> | console 0 | vty <0~15> }
Explanation: Enter the specific line. When Enter is pressed, the command line changes to “(config-line)#”.
Parameters:
{ <0~16> | console 0 | vty <0~15> }: Specify one of the options.
<0~16> : List of line numbers.
console 0: Console line connection.
vty <0~15>: VTY lines are the Virtual Terminal lines of the device, used solely to control inbound Telnet
connections. They are virtual, in the sense that they are a function of software - there is no hardware
associated with them.
Example: Enter Console 0 mode.
# config t
(config)# line console 0
(config-line)#
Show: > show line [ alive ]
# show line [ alive ]
3.9.21.2 (config-line)# do
Syntax: (config-line)# do <command>
Explanation: To run EXEC. commands.
Parameters:
<command>: Enter the EXEC. command
Example: Show aaa settings.
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# config t
(config)# line console 0
(config-line)# do show aaa
console : local
telnet : local
ssh
: local
http
: local
(config-line)#
3.9.21.3 (config-line)# editing
Syntax: (config-line)# editing
Explanation: Enable command line editing.
Negation: (config-line)# no editing
Show: > show line [ alive ]
# show line [ alive ]
3.9.21.4 (config-line)# end
Syntax: (config-line)# end
Explanation: Return to EXEC. mode.
Example: Return to EXEC. mode.
# config t
(config)# line console 0
Example: Enable IPv6 MLD proxy.
(config-line)# end
#
3.9.21.5 (config-line)# exec-banner
Syntax: (config-line)# exec-banner
Explanation: Enable the display of EXEC banner.
Example: Enable the display of EXEC banner.
# config t
(config)# line console 0
(config-line)# exec-banner
Negation: (config-line)# no exec-banner
Show: > show line [ alive ]
# show line [ alive ]
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3.9.21.6 (config-line)# exec-timeout
Syntax: (config-line)# exec-timeout <min> [ <sec> ]
Parameters:
<min>: Specify timeout in minutes. The allowed range is 0 to 1440. Specify "0" to disable timeout function (CLI
session will never timeout.)
[<sec>]: Specify timeout in seconds. The allowed range is 0 to 3600.
Negation: (config-line)# no exec-timeout
Show: > show line [ alive ]
# show line [ alive ]
3.9.21.7 (config-line)# exit
Syntax: (config-line)# exit
Explanation: Return to Config mode.
Example: Return to Config mode.
# config t
(config)# line console 0
(config-line)# exit
(config)#
3.9.21.8 (config-line)# help
Syntax: (config-line)# help
Explanation: Show the Help explanation.
Example: Show Help explanation.
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# config t
(config)# line console 0
(config-line)# help
Help may be requested at any point in a command by entering
a question mark '?'. If nothing matches, the help list will
be empty and you must backup until entering a '?' shows the
available options.
Two styles of help are provided:
1. Full help is available when you are ready to enter a
command argument (e.g. 'show ?') and describes each possible
argument.
2. Partial help is provided when an abbreviated argument is entered
and you want to know what Parameters match the input
(e.g. 'show pr?'.)
3.9.21.9 (config-line)# history size
Syntax: (config-line)# history size <history_size>
Explanation: Control how many history commands are displayed.
Parameters:
<history_size>: The allowed range is 0 to 32. 0 means “disable”.
Example: Set history size to 10.
# config t
(config)# line console 0
(config-line)# history size 10
Negation: (config-line)# no history size
Show: > show line [ alive ]
# show line [ alive ]
3.9.21.10 (config-line)# length
Syntax: (config-line)# length <length>
Explanation: Configure the number of lines displayed on the screen.
Parameters:
<length>: Specify the number of lines displayed on the screen. The allowed range is 3 to 512. Specify “0” for no
pausing.
Example: Display 20 lines on the screen.
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# config t
(config)# line console 0
(config-line)# length 20
(config-line)#
Negation: (config-line)# no length
Show: > show line [ alive ]
# show line [ alive ]
3.9.21.11 (config-line)# location
Syntax: (config-line)# location <location>
Explanation: Configure the descriptive location of this device.
Parameters:
<location>: Location description for the terminal. The characters allowed are 32.
Example: Configure the location “cabinet5a”.
# config t
(config)# line console 0
(config-line)# location cabinet5a
(config-line)#
Negation: (config-line)# no location
Show: > show line [ alive ]
# show line [ alive ]
3.9.21.12 (config-line)# motd-banner
Syntax: (config-line)# motd-banner
Explanation: Enable the display of motd (message of the day) banner.
Example: Enable motd banner.
# config t
(config)# line console 0
(config-line)# motd-banner
(config-line)#
Negation: (config-line)# no motd-banner
Show: > show line [ alive ]
# show line [ alive ]
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3.9.21.13 (config-line)# privilege level
Syntax: (config-line)# privilege level <privileged_level>
Explanation: Configure the privilege level for the terminal line.
Parameters:
<privileged_level>: Privilege level for the terminal line. The allowed range is 0 to 15.
Example: Change the privilege level to 5 for vty 1.
# config t
(config)# line vty 1
(config-line)# privilege level 5
(config-line)#
Negation: (config-line)# no privilege level
Show: > show line [ alive ]
# show line [ alive ]
3.9.21.14 (config-line)# width
Syntax: (config-line)# width <width>
Explanation: Configure the width of the terminal line.
Parameters:
<width>: Specify the width of the terminal line. The allowed range is 40 to 512. Specify “0” for unlimited width.
Example: Change of width of vty 1 to 60.
# config t
(config)# line vty 1
(config-line)# width 60
(config-line)#
Negation: (config-line)# no width
Show: > show line [ alive ]
# show line [ alive ]
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3.9.22 (config)# lldp
3.9.22.1 (config)# lldp holdtime
Syntax: (config)# lldp holdtime <val>
Explanation: This setting defines how long LLDP frames are considered valid and is used to compute the TTL. The
default is 4.
Parameters:
<val>: Specify the holdtime value. The allowed value is 2 to 10.
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
# config t
(config)# lldp holdtime 5
Negation: (config)# no lldp holdtime
3.9.22.2 (config)# lldp reinit
Syntax: (config)# lldp reinit <val>
Explanation: Configure a delay between the shutdown frame and a new LLDP initialization.
Parameters:
<val>: Specify a value between 1 and 10 (seconds).
Example: Set the LLDP re-initiation value to 3.
# config t
(config)# lldp reinit 3
Negation: (config)# no lldp reinit
3.9.22.3 (config)# lldp timer
Syntax: (config)# lldp timer <val>
Explanation: Configure the interval between LLDP frames are sent to its neighbors for updated discovery information.
The default is 30 seconds.
Parameters:
<val>: Specify a value between 5 and 32768 (seconds).
Example: Set the LLDP timer value to 35.
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# config t
(config)# lldp timer 35
Negation: (config)# no lldp timer
3.9.22.4 (config)# lldp transmission-delay
Syntax: (config)# lldp transmission-delay <val>
Parameters:
<val>: Specify a value between 1 and 8192 (seconds).
Explanation: Configure a delay between the LLDP frames that contain changed configurations. Tx Delay cannot be
larger than 1/4 of the Tx interval value.
Example: Set the LLDP transmission delay value to 2.
# config t
(config)# lldp transmission-delay 2
Negation: (config)# no lldp transmission-delay
3.9.22.5 (config)# lldp med datum
Syntax: (config)# lldp med datum { wgs84 | nad83-navd88 | nad83-mllw }
Explanation: The Map Datum is used for the coordinates given in above options.
Parameters:
{ wgs84 | nad83-navd88 | nad83-mllw }: Specify one of the options.
WGS84: (Geographical 3D) - World Geodesic System 1984, CRS Code 4327, Prime Meridian Name:
Greenwich.
NAD83/NAVD88: North American Datum 1983, CRS Code 4269, Prime Meridian Name: Greenwich; The
associated vertical datum is the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88). This datum pair is to be
used when referencing locations on land, not near tidal water (which would use Datum = NAD83/MLLW).
NAD83/MLLW: North American Datum 1983, CRS Code 4269, Prime Meridian Name: Greenwich; The
associated vertical datum is Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW). This datum pair is to be used when
referencing locations on water/sea/ocean.
Example: Set the map datum to wgs84.
# config t
(config)# lldp med datum wgs84
Negation: (config)# no lldp med datum
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3.9.22.6 (config)# lldp med fast
Syntax: (config)# lldp med fast <v_1_to_10>
Explanation: Rapid startup and Emergency Call Service Location Identification Discovery of endpoints is a critically
important aspect of VoIP systems in general. In addition, it is best to advertise only those pieces of information which
are specifically relevant to particular endpoint types (for example only advertise the voice network policy to permitted
voice-capable devices), both in order to conserve the limited LLDPU space and to reduce security and system integrity
issues that can come with inappropriate knowledge of the network policy. With this in mind, LLDP-MED defines an
LLDP-MED Fast Start interaction between the protocol and the application layers on top of the protocol, in order to
achieve these related properties. With Fast start repeat count it is possible to specify the number of times the fast
start transmission is repeated. The recommended value is 4 times, giving that 4 LLDP frames with a 1 second interval
will be transmitted, when a LLDP frame with new information is received. It should be noted that LLDP-MED and the
LLDP-MED Fast Start mechanism is only intended to run on links between LLDP-MED Network Connectivity Devices
and Endpoint Devices, and as such does not apply to links between LAN infrastructure elements, including between
Network Connectivity Devices, or to other types of links.
Parameters:
<v_1_to_10>: Specify a valid value between 1 and 10.
Example: Set the value to 5.
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
# config t
(config)# lldp med fast 5
Negation: (config)# no lldp med fast
3.9.22.7 (config)# lldp med location-tlv altitude
Syntax: (config)# lldp med location-tlv altitude { meters | floors } <v_word11>
Explanation: Altitude SHOULD be normalized to within -32767 to 32767 with a maximum of 4 digits. It is possible to
select between two altitude types (floors or meters). “meters” means meters of Altitude defined by the vertical datum
specified; while, “floors” means altitude in a form more relevant in buildings which have different floor-to-floor
dimensions.
Parameters:
{ meters | floors }: Specify one of the options.
<v_word11>: Specify a value for the specified option.
Example: Set the altitude value to “floors 10”.
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
# config t
(config)# lldp med location-tlv altitude floors 10
Negation: (config)# no lldp med location-tlv altitude
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3.9.22.8 (config)# lldp med location-tlv civic-addr
Syntax: (config)# lldp med location-tlv civic-addr { country | state | county | city | district | block | street | leadingstreet-direction | trailing-street-suffix | street-suffix | house-no | house-no-suffix | landmark | additional-info | name
| zip-code | building | apartment | floor | room-number | place-type | postal-community-name | p-o-box |
additional-code } <v_string250>
Explanation: Configure civic address information.
Parameters:
{ country | state | county | city | district | block | street | leading-street-direction | trailing-street-suffix | streetsuffix | house-no | house-no-suffix | landmark | additional-info | name | zip-code | building | apartment | floor
| room-number | place-type | postal-community-name | p-o-box | additional-code }: Specify one of the options.
country: The two-letter ISO 3166 country code in capital ASCII letters - Example: DK, DE or US.
state: National subdivisions (state, canton, region, province, prefecture).
county: County, parish, gun (Japan), district.
city: City, township, shi (Japan) - Example: Copenhagen.
district: City division, borough, city district, ward, chou (Japan).
block: Neighbourhood, block.
street: Street - Example: Poppelvej.
leading-street-direction: Example: N.
trailings-street-suffix: Example: SW.
street-suffix: Ave, Platz.
house-no: Specify house number.
house-no-suffix: Example: A, 1/2.
landmark: Landmark or vanity address - Example: Columbia University.
additional-info: Example: South Wing.
Name: Example: Flemming Jahn.
zip-code: Postal/zip code - Example: 2791.
building: Building (structure). Example: Low Library.
apartment: Unit (Apartment, suite). Example: Apt 42.
floor: Example: 4.
room-number: Room number - Example: 450F.
place-type: Example: Office.
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postal-community-name: Example: Leonia.
p-o-box: Example: 12345.
additional code: Example: 1320300003.
Example: Set the country code to “UK”.
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
# config t
(config)# lldp med location-tlv civic-addr country UK
Negation: (config)# no lldp med location-tlv civic-addr { country | state | county | city | district | block | street |
leading-street-direction | trailing-street-suffix | street-suffix | house-no | house-no-suffix | landmark | additional-info
| name | zip-code | building | apartment | floor | room-number | place-type | postal-community-name | p-o-box |
additional-code }
3.9.22.9 (config)# lldp med location-tlv elin-addr
Syntax: (config)# lldp med location-tlv elin-addr <v_word25>
Explanation: Configure a value for Emergency Location Information.
Parameters:
<v_word25>: A value for Emergency Location Information (ELIN).
Example: Set the emergency location information to “911”.
# config t
(config)# lldp med location-tlv elin-addr 911
Negation: (config)# no lldp med location-tlv elin-addr
3.9.22.10 (config)# lldp med location-tlv latitude
Syntax: (config)# lldp med location-tlv latitude { north | south } <v_word8>
Explanation: Configure a value for latitude. Latitude value should be between 0 and 90.
Parameters:
{ north | south }: Specify one of the options, either north or south.
<v_word8>: Specify latitude value for the selected option.
Example: Set the north latitude to 5.
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
# config t
(config)# lldp med location-tlv latitude north 5
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Negation: (config)# no lldp med location-tlv latitude
3.9.22.11 (config)# lldp med location-tlv longitude
Syntax: (config)# lldp med location-tlv longitude { west | east } <v_word9>
Explanation: Configure a value for longitude. Longitude value should be between 0 and 180.
Parameters:
{ west | east }: Specify one of the options, either west or east.
<v_word9>: Specify longitude value for the selected option.
Example: Set the west longitude to 90.
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
# config t
(config)# lldp med location-tlv longitude west 90
Negation: (config)# no lldp med location-tlv longitude
3.9.22.12 (config)# lldp med media-vlan-policy
Syntax: (config)# lldp med media-vlan-policy <policy_index> { voice | voice-signaling | guest-voice-signaling | guestvoice | softphone-voice | video-conferencing | streaming-video | video-signaling } { tagged <v_vlan_id> | untagged }
[ l2-priority <v_0_to_7> ] [ dscp <v_0_to_63> ]
Explanation: Configure a LLDP MED policy ID for a service.
Parameters:
<policy_index>: Specify a policy ID. The valid range is from 0 to 31.
{ voice | voice-signaling | guest-voice-signaling | guest-voice | softphone-voice | video-conferencing | streamingvideo | video-signaling }: Specify one of the services for this policy ID.
{ tagged <v_vlan_id> | untagged }: Specify whether this service is tagged or untagged. When “tagged” is specified,
a VLAN ID should be provided.
[ l2-priority <v_0_to_7> ]: Specify a value for L2 priority. The valid value is from 0 to 7.
[ dscp <v_0_to_63> ]: Specify a value for DSCP. The valid value is from 0 to 63.
Example: Create a policy ID 1 for tagged Voice VLAN.
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
# config t
(config)# lldp med media-vlan-policy 1 voice tagged 100 l2-priority 7 DSCP 63
Negation: (config)# no lldp med media-vlan-policy <policies_list>
Show: > show lldp med media-vlan-policy [ <v_0_to_31> ]
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# show lldp med media-vlan-policy [ <v_0_to_31> ]
3.9.22.13 (config-if)# lldp cdp-aware
Syntax: (config-if)# lldp cdp-aware
Explanation: Configures if the interface shall be CDP aware (CDP discovery information is added to the LLDP neighbor
table).
Example: Set interface 1 to CDP aware.
# config t
(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/1
(config-if)# lldp cdp-aware
Negation: (config-if)# no lldp cdp-aware
Show: > show lldp neighbors [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show lldp neighbors [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.22.14 (config-if)# lldp med media-vlan policy-list
Syntax: (config-if)# lldp med media-vlan policy-list <v_range_list>
Explanation: To apply MED Media-VLAN policy of LLDP on this interface.
Parameters:
<v_range_list>: Assign a policy to this interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no lldp med media-vlan policy-list <v_range_list>
Show: > show lldp med media-vlan-policy [ <v_0_to_31> ]
# show lldp med media-vlan-policy [ <v_0_to_31> ]
3.9.22.15 (config-if)# lldp med transmit-tlv
Syntax: (config-if)# lldp med transmit-tlv [ capabilities ] [ location ] [ network-policy ]
Explanation: To configure LLDP-MED TLV Type for specific interface.
Parameters:
[ capabilities ]: Enable transmission of the optional capabilities TLV.
[ location ]: Enable transmission of the optional location TLV.
[ network-policy ]: Enable transmission of the optional network policy TLV.
Negation: (config-if)# no lldp med transmit-tlv [ capabilities ] [ location ] [ network-policy ]
Show: > show lldp med media-vlan-policy [ <v_0_to_31> ]
# show lldp med media-vlan-policy [ <v_0_to_31> ]
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3.9.22.16 (config-if)# lldp receive
Syntax: (config-if)# lldp receive
Explanation: The switch will analyze LLDP information received from neighbours.
Negation: (config-if)# no lldp receive
Show: > show lldp statistics [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show lldp statistics [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.22.17 (config-if)# lldp tlv-select
Syntax: (config-if)# lldp tlv-select { management-address | port-description | system-capabilities | system-description
| system-name }
Explanation: To configure LLDP-MED TLV attributes for specific interface.
Parameters:
{ management-address | port-description | system-capabilities | system-description | system-name }: Specify a
LLDP TLV attribute. LLDP uses several attributes to discover neighbour devices. These attributes contains type,
length, and value descriptions and are referred to TLVs. Details such as port description, system name, system
description, system capabilities, management address can be sent from this device.
Negation: (config-if)# no lldp tlv-select { management-address | port-description | system-capabilities | systemdescription | system-name }
Show: > show lldp neighbors [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show lldp neighbors [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.22.18 (config-if)# lldp transmit
Syntax: (config-if)# lldp transmit
Explanation: To configure LLDP Tx only mode for specific interface
Negation: (config-if)# no lldp transmit
Show: # show lldp statistics [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.23 (config)# logging
3.9.23.1 (config)# logging on
Syntax: (config)# logging on
Explanation: This sets the server mode operation. When the mode of operation is enabled (on), the syslog message
will send out to syslog server (at the server address). The syslog protocol is based on UDP communication and
received on UDP port 514. Syslog server will not send acknowledgments back to the sender since UDP is a
connectionless protocol and it does not provide acknowledgments. The syslog packet will always send out, even if the
syslog server does not exist. When the mode of operation is disabled, no syslog packets are sent out.
Example: Enable log server operation.
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# config t
(config)# logging on
Negation: (config)# no logging on
Show: # show logging
Clear: # clear logging [ info ] [ warning ] [ error ] [ switch <switch_list> ]
3.9.23.2 (config)# logging host
Syntax: (config)# logging host { <v_ipv4_ucast> | <v_word45> }
Parameters:
{ <hostname> | <ipv4_ucast> }: Specify one of the options. The hostname is the domain name of the log server;
while the latter is IPv4 address of the log server.
Explanation: Configure log server address.
Example: Use IPv4 address to configure log server.
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
# config t
(config)# logging host 192.168.1.253
Negation: (config)# no logging host
Show: # show logging
# show logging <logging_id: 1-4294967295>
# show logging [info] [warning] [error]
3.9.23.3 (config)# logging level
Syntax: (config)# logging level { info | warning | error }
Explanation: Configure what kind of messages will send to syslog server.
Parameters:
{ info | warning | error }: Specify one of the log message options.
Info: Send information, warnings and errors.
Warning: Send warnings and errors.
Error: Send errors only.
Example: Send error messages to log server.
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# config t
(config)# logging level error
Show: # show logging
# show logging <logging_id: 1-4294967295>
# show logging [info] [warning] [error]
3.9.24 (config)# loop-protect
3.9.24.1 (config)# loop-protect
Syntax: (config)# loop-protect
Explanation: Enable loop protection function.
Example: Enable loop protection function.
# config t
(config)# loop-protect
Negation: (config)# no loop-protect
Show: # show loop-protect [ interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] ) ]
3.9.24.2 (config)# loop-protect shutdown-time
Syntax: (config)# loop-protect shutdown-time <t>
Explanation: Configure the period for which a port will be kept disabled.
Parameters:
<t: 0-604800>: Specify a shutdown time value. The valid values are from 0 to 604800 seconds. 0 means that a
port is kept disabled until next device restart.
Example: Set the shutdown time value to 180 seconds.
# config t
(config)# loop-protect shutdown-time 180
Negation: (config)# no loop-protect shutdown-time
Show: # show loop-protect [ interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] ) ]
3.9.24.3 (config)# loop-protect transmit-time
Syntax: (config)# loop-protect transmit-time <t>
Explanation: Configure the interval between each loop protection PDU sent on each port.
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Parameters:
<t: 1-10>: Specify a transmit time value. The valid values are from 1 to 10 seconds.
Example: Set the transmit time value to 5 seconds.
# config t
(config)# loop-protect transmit-time 5
Negation: (config)# no loop-protect transmit-time
Show: # show loop-protect [ interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] ) ]
3.9.24.4 (config-if)# loop-protect
Syntax: (config-if)# loop-protect
Explanation: Enable loop protection function on this interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no loop-protect
Show: # show loop-protect [ interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] ) ]
3.9.24.5 (config-if)# loop-protect action
Syntax: (config-if)# loop-protect action { [ shutdown ] [ log ] }
Explanation: Configure the action taken when loops are detected on a port.
Parameters:
{ [ shutdown ] [ log ] }: When a loop is detected on a port, the loop protection will immediately take appropriate
actions. Actions will be taken include “Shutdown Port”, “Shutdown Port and Log” or “Log Only”.
Negation: (config-if)# no loop-protect action
Show: # show loop-protect [ interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] ) ]
3.9.24.6 (config-if)# loop-protect tx-mode
Syntax: (config-if)# loop-protect tx-mode
Explanation: Enable a port to actively generate loop protection PDUs.
Negation: (config-if)# no loop-protect tx-mode
Show: # show loop-protect [ interface ( <port_type> [ <plist> ] ) ]
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3.9.25 (config)# mac
3.9.25.1 (config)# mac address-table aging-time
Syntax: (config)# mac address-table aging-time <v_0_10_to_1000000>
Explanation: Configure the aging time for a learned MAC to be appeared in MAC learning table.
Parameters:
<v_0_10_to_1000000>: Specify an aging time value for MAC address table. The valid values are from 10 to
1000000 (seconds). Using “0” to disable aging time function.
Example: Set the aging time to 600 seconds.
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
# config t
(config)# mac address-table aging-time 600
Negation: (config)# no mac address-table aging-time
(config)# no mac address-table aging-time <v_0_10_to_1000000>
Show: > show mac address-table [ conf | static | aging-time | { { learning | count } [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] } | { address <v_mac_addr> [ vlan <v_vlan_id> ] } | vlan <v_vlan_id_1> | interface
( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list_1> ] ) ]
# show mac address-table [ conf | static | aging-time | { { learning | count } [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] } | { address <v_mac_addr> [ vlan <v_vlan_id> ] } | vlan <v_vlan_id_1> | interface
( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list_1> ] ) ]
# show mac address-table aging-time
3.9.25.2 (config)# mac address-table static
Syntax: (config)# mac address-table static <v_mac_addr> vlan <v_vlan_id> interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] )
Explanation: Configure the static MAC address mapping table.
Parameters:
<v_mac_addr>: Specify MAC address in “xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx” format.
vlan <v_vlan_id>: Specify the VLAN ID for this entry.
interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ): Specify the interface port type and the port number.
Example: Add a static MAC address “11:11:22:22:33:33” to MAC address table.
# config t
Example: Set the holdtime to 5.
(config)# mac address-table static 11:11:22:22:33:33 vlan 1 interface
GigabitEthernet 1/1-10
Negation: (config)# no mac address-table static <v_mac_addr> vlan <v_vlan_id> interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] )
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Show: > show mac address-table [ conf | static | aging-time | { { learning | count } [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] } | { address <v_mac_addr> [ vlan <v_vlan_id> ] } | vlan <v_vlan_id_1> | interface
( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list_1> ] ) ]
# show mac address-table [ conf | static | aging-time | { { learning | count } [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] } | { address <v_mac_addr> [ vlan <v_vlan_id> ] } | vlan <v_vlan_id_1> | interface
( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list_1> ] ) ]
Clear: # clear mac address-table
3.9.25.3 (config-if)# mac address-table learning
Syntax: (config)# mac address-table learning [ secure ]
Explanation: Set this interface to secure mode.
Parameters:
[ secure ]: Only static MAC entries listed in “Static MAC Table Configuration” are learned. Others will be dropped.
NOTE: Make sure that the link used for managing the switch is added to the Static Mac Table before changing to
secure learning mode, otherwise the management link is lost and can only be restored by using another non-secure
port or by connecting to the switch via the serial interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no mac address-table learning [ secure ]
Show: > show mac address-table [ conf | static | aging-time | { { learning | count } [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] } | { address <v_mac_addr> [ vlan <v_vlan_id> ] } | vlan <v_vlan_id_1> | interface
( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list_1> ] ) ]
# show mac address-table [ conf | static | aging-time | { { learning | count } [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] } | { address <v_mac_addr> [ vlan <v_vlan_id> ] } | vlan <v_vlan_id_1> | interface
( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list_1> ] ) ]
Clear: # clear mac address-table
3.9.26 (config-if)# media-type
Syntax: (config-if)# media-type { rj45 | sfp | dual }
Explanation: Configure the media type supported for this specific interface.
Parameters:
{ rj45 | sfp | dual }: The options are RJ-45, SFP, or dual (both RJ-45 & SFP are supported.).
Negation: (config-if)# no media-type
3.9.27 (config-if)# mtu
Syntax: (config-if)# mtu <max_length>
Explanation: Configure the maximum transmission unit for this specific interface.
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Parameters:
<max_length: 1518-9600>}: Specify the MTU. The range is 1518 to 9600 bytes.
Negation: (config-if)# no mtu
Show: # show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
3.9.28 (config)# mep
3.9.28.1 (config)# mep <inst>
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> [ mip ] { up | down } domain { port | evc | vlan } [ vid <vid> ] flow <flow> level <level>
interface <port_type> <port>
Explanation: Create a MEP instance.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
[ mip ]: Mip (Maintenance Entity Intermediate Point) mode.
{ up | down }: Specify the traffic direction either Ingress or Egress for monitoring on a residence port.
domain { port | evc | vlan }: Specify a domain option.
Port: This is a MEP in the Port Domain. 'Flow Instance' is a Port. (CURRENTLY, Port is available for use.)
Evc: This is a MEP in the EVC Domain. 'Flow Instance' is a EVC. The EVC must be created.
VLAN: This is a MEP in the VLAN Domain. 'Flow Instance' is a VLAN. The VLAN must be created.
[ vid <vid> ]: A C-tag or S-tag (depending on VLAN port type) is added with this VID. Entering “0” means no tag
will be added.
flow <flow>: The MEP related to this flow.
level <level>: The MGP level of this MEP.
interface <port_type> <port>: Specify a port number that you want to moinitor.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst>
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
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3.9.28.2 (config)# mep <inst> ais
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> ais [ fr1s | fr1m ] [ protect ]
Explanation: To configure AIS of a MEP instance.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
ais [ fr1s | fr1m ]: Ais stands for Alarm Indication Signal. “fr1s” means that frame rate is 1 f/s. “fr1m” means that
frame rate is 1 f/min.
[ protect ]: The AIS can be used for protection. At the point of state change three AIS PDUs are transmitted as
fast as possible.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> ais
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
3.9.28.3 (config)# mep <inst> aps
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> aps <prio> [ multi | uni ] { laps | { raps [ octet <octet> ] } }
Explanation: Configure APS of a MEP instance.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
aps <prio>: The priority to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
[ multi | uni ]: Specify an option.
multi: OAM PDU is transmitted with multicast MAC. Must be “multi” in case of RAPS (Ring Automatic
Protection Switching Protocol).
uni: OAM PDU is transmitted with unicast MAC. The MAC is taken from peer MEP MAC database. This
option is only possible in case of LAPS (Linear Automatic Protection Switching Protocol).
{ laps | { raps [ octet <octet> ] } }: Specify an option.
laps: APS PDU is transmitted as L-APS (this is for ELPS).
raps: APS PDU is transmitted as R-APS (this is for ERPS).
octet: This is the last octet of the transmitted and expected RAPS multi-cast MAC. In G.8031 (03/2010) a
RAPS multi-cast MAC is defined as 01-19-A7-00-00-XX. In current standard the value for this last octet is '01'
and the usage of other values is for further study.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> aps
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
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3.9.28.4 (config)# mep <inst> cc
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> cc <prio> [ fr300s | fr100s | fr10s | fr1s | fr6m | fr1m | fr6h ]
Explanation: Configure Continuity Check of a MEP instance.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
cc: Continuity Check
<prio: 0-7>: The priority to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
[ fr300s | fr100s | fr10s | fr1s | fr6m | fr1m | fr6h ]: The frame rate is 300 f/s, 100 f/s, 10 f/s, 1 f/s, 6 f/min, 1
f/min, 6 f/hour.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> cc
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
3.9.28.5 (config)# mep <inst> client domain
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> client domain { evc | vlan }
Explanation: Configure client domain of a MEP instance.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
cc: Continuity Check
{ evc | vlan }: The client layer domain. Options available are EVC and VLAN domain.
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
3.9.28.6 (config)# mep <inst> client flow
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> client flow <cflow> level <level> [ ais-prio [ <aisprio> | ais-highest ] ] [ lck-prio [ <lckprio>
| lck-highest ] ]
Explanation: Configure the priority to be used when transmitting AIS in each client flow.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
client flow <cflow: unit>: The client layer flow number.
level <level: 0-7>: The MEG level value.
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[ ais-prio [ <aisprio:0-7> | ais-highest ] ]: Configure AIS injection priority. Specify either 0-7 or the highest
possible number.
[ lck-prio [ <lckprio: 0-7> | lck-highest ] ]: Configure LCK injection priority. Specify either 0-7 or the highest
possible number.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> client-flow { <cflow> | all }
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
3.9.28.7 (config)# mep <inst> dm
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> dm <prio> [ multi | { uni mep-id <mepid> } ] [ single | dual ] [ rdtrp | flow ] interval
<interval> last-n <lastn>
Explanation: To configure Delay Measurement of a MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
dm <prio: 0-7>: Configure Delay Measurement (DM) priority value. Priority in case of tagged OAM. In the EVC
domain this is the COS-ID.
[ multi | { uni mep-id <mepid> } ]: Specify multicast or unicast MEP ID.
[ single | dual ]: One-Way or Two-Way Delay Measurement implemented on 1DM or DMM/DMR, respectively.
[ rdtrp | flow ]: Specify one value.
rdtrp: The frame delay calculated by the transmitting and receiving timestamps of initiators. Frame Delay =
RxTimeb-TxTimeStampf.
Flow: The frame delay calculated by the transmitting and receiving timestamps of initiators and remotes.
Frame Delay = (RxTimeb-TxTimeStampf)-(TxTimeStampb-RxTimeStampf).
interval <interval>: Interval between PDU transmission in 10ms. Min value is 10.
last-n <lastn>: The last N dalays used for average last N calculation. Min value is 10.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> dm
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
Clear: # clear mep <inst> { lm | dm |tst }
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3.9.28.8 (config)# mep <inst> dm ns
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> dm ns
Explanation: Configure Delay Measurement (nanosecond) of a MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> dm ns
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
Clear: # clear mep <inst> { lm | dm |tst }
3.9.28.9 (config)# mep <inst> dm overflow-reset
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> dm overflow-reset
Explanation: Reset all Delay Measurement results on total delay counter overflow.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> dm overflow-reset
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
Clear: # clear mep <inst> { lm | dm |tst }
3.9.28.10 (config)# mep <inst> dm proprietary
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> dm proprietary
Explanation: Use proprietary Delay Measurement.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> dm proprietary
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
Clear: # clear mep <inst> { lm | dm |tst }
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3.9.28.11 (config)# mep <inst> dm syncronized
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> dm syncronized
Explanation: Configure time sync of Delay Measurement.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> dm syncronized
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
Clear: # clear mep <inst> { lm | dm |tst }
3.9.28.12 (config)# mep <inst> lb
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> lb <prio> [ dei ] [ multi | { uni { { mep-id <mepid> } | { mac <mac> } } } ] count <count>
size <size> interval <interval>
Explanation: Configure loopback of a MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
lb <prio: 0-7>: Configure loopback priority. The priority to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
[ dei ]: The DEI to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
[ multi | { uni { { mep-id <mepid> } | { mac <mac> } } } ]: Specify LBM PDU to be transmitted as unicast or
multicast. The unicast MAC will be configured through 'Peer MEP' or 'Unicast Peer MAC'. To-wards MIP only
unicast Loop Back is possible.
count <count>: The number of LBM PDU to be sent.
size <size>: The number of bytes in the LBM PDU Data Pattern TLV.
interval <interval>: The number of bytes in the LBM PDU Data Pattern TLV.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> lb
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
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3.9.28.13 (config)# mep <inst> lck
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> lck [ fr1s | fr1m ]
Explanation: Configure Locked Frame Rate of a MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
[ fr1s | fr1m ]: Frame rate is 1 f/s or 1 f/min.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> lck
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
3.9.28.14 (config)# mep <inst> level
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> level <level>
Explanation: Configure MEG level of a MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
<level:0-7>: The MEG level value.
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
3.9.28.15 (config)# mep <inst> lm
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> lm <prio> [ multi | uni ] [ single | dual ] [ fr10s | fr1s | fr6m | fr1m | fr6h ] [ flr <flr> ]
Explanation: Configure Locked Frame Rate of a MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
lm <prio: 0-7>: Configure loss measurement priority in case of tagged OAM. In the EVC domain this is the COS-ID.
[ multi | uni ]: multi OAM PDU is transmitted with multicast MAC. uni OAM PDU is transmitted with unicast MAC.
The MAC is taken from peer MEP MAC database. In case of LM there is only one peer MEP.
[ single | dual ]: Dual ended LM is based on CCM PDU. Single ended LM is based on LMM/LMR PDU.
[ fr10s | fr1s | fr6m | fr1m | fr6h ]: Specify a frame rate.
fr10s: Frame rate is 10 f/s.
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fr1s: Frame rate is 1 f/s.
fr6m: Frame rate is 6 f/min.
fr1m: Frame rate is 1 f/min.
fr6h: Frame rate is 6 f/hour.
[ flr <flr: unit> ]: The Frame Loss Ratio interval value.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> lm
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
Clear: # clear mep <inst> { lm | dm |tst }
3.9.28.16 (config)# mep <inst> lt
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> lt <prio> { { mep-id <mepid> } | { mac <mac> } } ttl <ttl>
Explanation: Configure link trace of a MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
lt <prio: 0-7>: Configure link trace priority in case of tagged OAM. In the EVC domain this is the COS-ID.
{ { mep-id <mepid> } | { mac <mac> } }: Specify Peer MEP-ID for Link Trace target unicast MAC or Link Trace
target unicast MAC address.
ttl <ttl> Time to live value.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> lt
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
3.9.28.17 (config)# mep <inst> meg-id
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> meg-id <megid> { itu | itu-cc | { ieee [ name <name> ] } }
Explanation: To configure MEG-ID format.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
meg-id <megid>: Specify a MEG ID string. This is either the ITU MEG-ID or the IEEE Short MA, depending on the
selected MEG-ID format. The ITU max. is 13 characters. The ITU-CC max. is 15 characters. The IEEE max. is 16
characters..
{ itu | itu-cc | { ieee [ name <name> ] } }: Specify a MEG-ID format.
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itu:The MEG-ID has ITU format (ICC - UMC). The meg-id max. is 13 characters.
itu-cc:The MEG-ID has ITU Country Code format (CC - ICC - UMC). The meg-id max. is 15 characters.
ieee: The MEG-ID (Short MA Name) has IEEE Character String format. The meg-id max. is 16 characters.
name <name>: This is only relevant for IEEE.
3.9.28.18 (config)# mep <inst> peer-mep-id
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> peer-mep-id <mepid> [ mac <mac> ]
Explanation: Configure peer MEP-ID of a MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
peer-mep-id <mepid>: Configure the peer MEP-ID value.
[ mac <mac> ]: The peer MAC address.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> peer-mep-id { <mepid> | all }
3.9.28.19 (config)# mep <inst> performance-monitoring
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> performance-monitoring
Explanation: Enable perofmrance monitoring of MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> performance-monitoring
3.9.28.20 (config)# mep <inst> tst
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> tst <prio> [ dei ] mep-id <mepid> [ sequence ] [ all-zero | all-one | one-zero ] rate <rate>
size <size>
Explanation: Enable test signal of MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
tst <prio: 0-7>: Configure the test signal priority in case of tagged OAM. In the EVC domain this is the COS-ID.
[ dei ]: Drop Eligible Indicator in case of tagged OAM.
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mep-id <mepid>: Configure Peer MEP-ID value for unicast TST. The MAC is taken from peer MEP MAC database.
[ sequence ]: Enable sequence number in TST PDU.
[ all-zero | all-one | one-zero ]: Specify an option.
all-zero: Test pattern is set to all zero.
all-one: Test pattern is set to all one.
one-zero: Test pattern is set to 10101010.
rate <rate>: Transmission rate value.
size <size>: Frame size value.
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
Clear: # clear mep <inst> { lm | dm |tst }
3.9.28.21 (config)# mep <inst> tst rx
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> tst rx
Explanation: Enable test signal RX transmission of MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> tst rx
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
Clear: # clear mep <inst> { lm | dm |tst }
3.9.28.22 (config)# mep <inst> tst tx
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> tst tx
Explanation: Enable test signal TX transmission of MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> tst tx
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
Clear: # clear mep <inst> { lm | dm |tst }
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3.9.28.23 (config)# mep <inst> vid
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> vid <vid>
Explanation: To configure VID of MEP.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
<vid>: The MEP VID value.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> vid
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
3.9.28.24 (config)# mep <inst> voe
Syntax: (config)# mep <inst> voe
Explanation: MEP is VOE based.
Parameters:
<inst>: Specify an instance ID number.
Negation: (config)# no mep <inst> voe
Show: # show mep [ <inst> ] [ peer | cc | lm | dm | lt | lb | tst | aps | client | ais | lck ] [ detail ]
3.9.29 (config)# monitor
3.9.29.1 (config)# monitor destination interface
Syntax: (config)# monitor destination interface <port_type> <in_port_type>
Explanation: Configure which port traffic should be mirrored to.
Parameters:
<port_type>: Specify the interface type.
<in_port_type>: Specify the port number.
Example: Set the traffic to be mirrored to Gigabit Ethernet port 10.
# config t
(config)# monitor destination interface gigabitethernet 1/10
Negation: (config)# no monitor destination
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3.9.29.2 (config)# monitor source
Syntax: (config)# monitor source{ [ interface ( <port_type>) [ <v_port_type_list> ] ]} | { cpu [ <cpu_switch_range> ] }
{ both | rx | tx }
Explanation: Configure which source ports’ RX or TX traffic should be mirrored to the destination port.
Parameters:
{ [ interface ( <port_type>) [ <v_port_type_list> ] ]}: Specify one of the options. * means all interfaces.
{ both | rx | tx }: Specify which direction of traffic should be mirrored to the destination port. “both” means both
received and transmitted traffic. “rx” means received traffic. “tx” means transmitted traffic.
Example: Set port 1 to 5’s RX traffic to be mirrored to the destination port.
# config t
(config)# monitor source interface GigabitEthernet 1/1-5 rx
Negation: (config)# no monitor source { { interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) } | { cpu
[ <cpu_switch_range> ] } }
3.9.30 (config)# mvr
3.9.30.1 (config)# mvr
Syntax: (config)# mvr
Explanation: Enable MVR function.
Example: Enable MVR function.
# config t
(config)# mvr
Negation: (config)# no mvr
Show: > show mvr
# show mvr
3.9.30.2 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> channel
Syntax: (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> channel <profile_name>
Explanation: Configure MVR name and channel.
Parameters:
<mvr_name>: Specify a name for this MVR entry. The allowed characters are 16.
<profile_name>: Specify a channel name for this MVR entry. The allowed characters are 16.
Example: Set up a MVR entry “video1” and its corresponding channel profile name “1”.
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# config t
(config)# mvr name video1 channel 1
Negation: (config)# no mvr name <mvr_name> channel
Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.3 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> frame priority
Syntax: (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> frame priority <cos_priority>
Explanation: Configure the priority for transmitting IGMP/MLD control frames for the specified MVR entry.
Parameters:
<mvr_name>: Specify a name for this MVR entry. The allowed characters are 16.
<cos_priority>: Specify a Cos priority for this MVR entry. The allowed range is from 0 to 7.
Example: Set up a MVR entry “video1” and its corresponding priority value “0”.
# config t
(config)# mvr name video1 frame priority 0
Negation: (config)# no mvr name <mvr_name> frame priority
Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.4 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> frame tagged
Syntax: (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> frame tagged
Explanation: Tagged IGMP/MLD frames will be sent.
Parameters:
<mvr_name>: Specify a name for this MVR entry. The allowed characters are 16.
Example: Set “video1” MVR entry to send tagged IGMP/MLD frames.
# config t
(config)# mvr name video1 frame tagged
Negation: (config)# no mvr name <mvr_name> frame tagged
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Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.5 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> igmp-address
Syntax: (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> igmp-address <v_ipv4_ucast>
Explanation: Configure IGMP IPv4 address for the specified MVR entry.
Parameters:
<mvr_name>: Specify a name for this MVR entry. The allowed characters are 16.
<v_ipv4_ucast>: Specify the IPv4 unicast address as source address used in IP header for IGMP control frames.
Example: Set up a MVR entry “video1” and its corresponding IGMP address “10.1.1.100”.
# config t
(config)# mvr name video1 igmp-address 10.1.1.100
Negation: (config)# no mvr vlan <mvr_name> igmp-address
Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.6 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> last-member-query-interval
Syntax: (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> last-member-query-interval <ipmc_lmqi>
Explanation: Configure the maximum time to wait for IGMP/MLD report memberships on a receiver port before
removing the port from multicast group membership.
Parameters:
<mvr_name>: Specify a name for this MVR entry. The allowed characters are 16.
<ipmc_lmqi>: Specify the LMQI (Last Member Query Interval) value. By default, LMQI is set to 5 tenths of a
second (0.5 second). The allowed range is from 0 to 31744 tenths of a second.
Example: Set LMQI value to 600 tenths of a second.
# config t
(config)# mvr name video1 last-member-query-interval 600
Negation: (config)# no mvr vlan <mvr_name> last-member-query-interval
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Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.7 (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> mode
Syntax: (config)# mvr name <mvr_name> mode { dynamic | compatible }
Explanation: Configure MVR mode.
Parameters:
<mvr_name>: Specify a name for this MVR entry. The allowed characters are 16.
{ dynamic | compatible }: Specify one of the options.
Dynamic: MVR allows dynamic MVR membership reports on source ports. (This is the default mode.)
Compatible: MVR membership reports are forbidden on source ports.
Example: Set MVR mode to dynamic.
# config t
(config)# mvr name video1 mode dynamic
Negation: (config)# no mvr name <mvr_name> mode
Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.8 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list>
Syntax: (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> [ name <mvr_name> ]
Explanation: Configure a MVR VLAN and its corresponding MVR name.
Parameters:
<v_vlan_list>: Specify multicast VLAN ID.
[ name <mvr_name> ]: Specify a name for this MVR entry. This argument is optional.
Example: Set up MVR VLAN 201 and its corresponding name.
# config t
(config)# mvr vlan 201 video1
Negation: (config)# no mvr vlan <v_vlan_list>
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Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.9 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> channel
Syntax: (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> channel <profile_name>
Explanation: Configure MVR name and channel.
Parameters:
<v_vlan_list>: Specify MVR VLAN ID for this entry.
<profile_name>: Specify a channel name for this MVR entry. The allowed characters are 16.
Example: Set up Set up MVR VLAN 201 and its corresponding channel.
# config t
(config)# mvr vlan 201 channel 1
Negation: (config)# no mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> channel
Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.10 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> frame priority
Syntax: (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> frame priority <cos_priority>
Explanation: Configure the priority for transmitting IGMP/MLD control frames for the specified MVR VLAN ID.
Parameters:
<v_vlan_list>: Specify MVR VLAN ID for this entry.
<cos_priority>: Specify a Cos priority for this MVR entry. The allowed range is from 0 to 7.
Example: Set up a MVR VLAN 201 and its corresponding priority value “0”.
# config t
(config)# mvr vlan 201 frame priority 0
Negation: (config)# no mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> frame priority
Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
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3.9.30.11 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> frame tagged
Syntax: (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> frame tagged
Explanation: Tagged IGMP/MLD frames will be sent.
Parameters:
<v_vlan_list>: Specify MVR VLAN ID for this entry.
Example: Set MVR VLAN 201 to send tagged IGMP/MLD frames.
# config t
(config)# mvr vlan 201 frame tagged
Negation: (config)# no mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> frame tagged
Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.12 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> igmp-address
Syntax: (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> igmp-address <v_ipv4_ucast>
Explanation: Configure IGMP IPv4 address for the specified MVR entry.
Parameters:
<v_vlan_list>: Specify MVR VLAN ID for this entry.
<v_ipv4_ucast>: Specify the IPv4 unicast address as source address used in IP header for IGMP control frames.
Example: Set up a MVR VLAN 201 and its corresponding IGMP address “10.1.1.100”.
# config t
(config)# mvr vlan 201 igmp-address 10.1.1.100
Negation: (config)# no mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> igmp-address
Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
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3.9.30.13 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> last-member-query-interval
Syntax: (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> last-member-query-interval <ipmc_lmqi>
Explanation: Configure the maximum time to wait for IGMP/MLD report memberships on a receiver port before
removing the port from multicast group membership.
Parameters:
<v_vlan_list>: Specify MVR VLAN ID for this entry.
<ipmc_lmqi>: Specify the LMQI (Last Member Query Interval) value. By default, LMQI is set to 5 tenths of a
second (0.5 second). The allowed range is from 0 to 31744 tenths of a second.
Example: Set LMQI value to 600 tenths of a second.
# config t
(config)# mvr vlan 201 last-member-query-interval 600
Negation: (config)# no mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> last-member-query-interval
Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.14 (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> mode
Syntax: (config)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> mode { dynamic | compatible }
Explanation: Configure MVR mode.
Parameters:
<v_vlan_list>: Specify MVR VLAN ID for this entry.
{ dynamic | compatible }: Specify one of the options.
Dynamic: MVR allows dynamic MVR membership reports on source ports. (This is the default mode.)
Compatible: MVR membership reports are forbidden on source ports.
Example: Set MVR mode to dynamic.
# config t
(config)# mvr vlan 201 mode dynamic
Negation: (config)# no mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> mode
Show: > show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
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# show mvr [ vlan <v_vlan_list> | name <mvr_name> ] [ group-database [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ] [ sfm-information ] ] [ detail ]
3.9.30.15 (config-if)# mvr immediate-leave
Syntax: (config-if)# mvr immediate-leave
Explanation: Enable immediate leave function. When enabled, the device immediately removes a port from a
multicast stream as soon as it receives leave message for that group. This option only applies to an interface
configured as MVR receivers.
Example: Enable immediate leave function on port 1.
# config t
(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/1
(config-if)# mvr immediate-leave
Negation: (config-if)# no mvr immediate leave
3.9.30.16 (config-if)# mvr name
Syntax: (config-if)# mvr name <mvr_name> type { source | receiver }
Explanation: Configure port role of specific MVR profile for specific interface.
Parameters:
<mvr_name>: Specify a MVR name. The maximum length of the MVR name string is 16. Both alphabets and
numbers are allowed for use.
{ source | receiver }: Specify MVR port role.
source: MVR source port.
receiver: MVR receiver port.
Negation: (config-if)# no mvr name <mvr_name> type
3.9.30.17 (config-if)# mvr vlan
Syntax: (config-if)# mvr vlan <v_vlan_list> type { source | receiver }
Explanation: Configure port role of a specific MVR VLAN ID for this specific interface.
Parameters:
<v_vlan_list>: MVR Multicast VLAN list
{ source | receiver }: Specify MVR port role.
source: MVR source port.
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receiver: MVR receiver port.
Negation: (config-if)# no mvr immediate leave
3.9.31 (config)# ntp
3.9.31.1 (config)# ntp
Syntax: (config)# ntp
Explanation: Enable NTP function.
Example: Enable NTP function.
# config t
(config)# ntp
Negation: (config)# no ntp
Show: # show ntp status
3.9.31.2 (config)# ntp server
Syntax: (config)# ntp server <index_var> ip-address { <ipv4_var> | <ipv6_var> | <name_var> }
Explanation: Configure a list of NTP server’s address.
Parameters:
< index_var: 1-5>: Specify the index number of NTP server. The allowed range is from 1 to 5. The NTP servers are
tried in numeric order. If 'Server 1' is unavailable, the NTP client will try to contact 'Server 2'.
{ <ipv4_var> | <ipv6_var> | <name_var> }: Specify one of the three options.
<ipv4_var>: IPv4 address.
<ipv6_var>: IPv6 address is in 128-bit records represented as eight fields of up to four hexadecimal digits
with a colon separating each field (:). For example, 'fe80::215:c5ff:fe03:4dc7'. The symbol '::' is a special
syntax that can be used as a shorthand way of representing multiple 16-bit groups of contiguous zeros; but
it can appear only once.
<name_var>: The domain name for NTP server.
Example: Set the NTP server 1 to 192.168.1.253.
# config t
(config)# ntp server 1 ip-address 192.168.1.253
Negation: (config)# no ntp server <index_var>
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Show: # show ntp status
3.9.32 (config)# port-security
3.9.32.1 (config)# port-security
Syntax: (config)# port-security
Explanation: Enable port security function globally.
Example: Enable port security function globally.
# config t
(config)# port-security
Negation: (config)# no port-security
Show: > show port-security switch [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show port-security switch [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.32.2 (config)# port-security aging
Syntax: (config)# port-security aging
Explanation: Enable port security aging function. If enabled, secured MAC addresses are subject to aging as discussed
in “Aging time” command. With aging enabled, a timer is started once the end-host gets secured. When the timer
expires, the switch starts looking for frames from the end-host, and if such frames are not seen within the next Aging
Period, the end-host is assumed to be disconnected, and the corresponding resources are freed on the switch.
Example: Enable port security aging function.
# config t
(config)# port-security aging
Negation: (config)# no port-security aging
Show: > show port-security port [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show port-security port [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.32.3 (config)# port-security aging time
Syntax: (config)# port-security aging time <v_10_to_10000000>
Explanation: Configure a desired aging time value. If “Aging” is enabled, secured MAC addresses are subject to aging
as discussed this command. With aging enabled, a timer is started once the end-host gets secured. When the timer
expires, the switch starts looking for frames from the end-host, and if such frames are not seen within the next Aging
Period, the end-host is assumed to be disconnected, and the corresponding resources are freed on the switch.
Parameters:
<v_10_to_10000000>: Specify the aging time value. The allowed range is between 10 and 10,000,000 seconds.
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Example: Set the aging time value to 1800 seconds.
# config t
(config)# port-security aging time 1800
Negation: (config)# no port-security aging time
Show: > show port-security port [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show port-security port [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.32.4 (config-if)# port-security
Syntax: (configt-if)# port-security
Explanation: Enable the port security function on the selected ports.
Example: Enable Gigabit Ethernet port 1-10’s port security function.
# config t
(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/1-10
(config-if)# port-security
Negation: (configt-if)# no port-security
Show: > show port-security switch [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show port-security switch [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.32.5 (config-if)# port-security maximum
Syntax: (configt-if)# port-security maximum [ <v_1_to_1024> ]
Explanation: The maximum number of MAC addresses that can be secured on this port. The number cannot exceed
1024. If the limit is exceeded, the corresponding action is taken.
Parameters:
[ <v_1_to_1024> ]: Specify a value between 1 and 1024.
Example: Limit Gigabit Ethernet port 1-10’s MAC addresses can be learnt to 5.
# config t
(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/1-10
(config-if)# port-security maximum 5
Negation: (configt-if)# no port-security maximum
Show: > show port-security port [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show port-security port [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
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3.9.32.6 (config-if)# port-security violation
Syntax: (configt-if)# port-security violation { protect | trap | trap-shutdown | shutdown }
Explanation: If the limit is exceeded, the specified action will take effect.
Parameters:
{ protect | trap | trap-shutdown | shutdown }: Specify one of the actions taken when the limit is exceeded.
protect: Do not allow more than the specified limit of MAC addresses to access on a port. No action is
further taken.
trap: If Limit + 1 MAC addresses are seen on the port, send an SNMP trap. If Aging is disabled, only one
SNMP trap will be sent, but with Aging enabled, new SNMP traps will be sent every time the limit is
exceeded.
trap-shutdown: If Limit + 1 MAC addresses is seen on the port, both the “Trap” and the “Shutdown” actions
described above will be taken.
shutdown: If Limit + 1 MAC addresses is seen on the port, shut down the port. This implies that all secured
MAC addresses will be removed from the port, and no new addresses will be learned. Even if the link is
physically disconnected and reconnected on the port (by disconnecting the cable), the port will remain shut
down. There are three ways to re-open the port:
* Boot the switch
* Disable and re-enable Limit Control on the port or the switch
* Click the “Reopen” button
Example: Send a SNMP trap when the limit is exceeded.
# config t
(config)# interface gigabitethernet 1/1-10
(config-if)# port-security violation trap
Negation: (configt-if)# no port-security violation
Show: > show port-security port [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
# show port-security port [ interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) ]
3.9.33 (config)# privilege
Syntax: (config)# privilege { exec | configure | config-vlan | line | interface | if-vlan | ipmc-profile | snmps-host | stpaggr | dhcp-pool | rfc2544-profile } level <privilege> <cmd>
Explanation: This command is used to change the privilege level of commands available in Configuration mode.
Parameters:
{ exec | configure | config-vlan | line | interface | if-vlan | ipmc-profile | snmps-host | stp-aggr | dhcp-pool |
rfc2544-profile }: Specify the group command that you want to configure.
level <privilege>: Specify the privilege level. The allowed range is 0 to 15.
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<cmd>: Initial valid words and literals of the command to modify, in 128 characters.
Example: The following example sets the privilege level to 15 for any Exec mode (user or privileged) command that
start with the letter "v"
# config t
(config)# privilege exec level 15 host
Negation: (config)# no privilege { exec | configure | config-vlan | line | interface | if-vlan | ipmc-profile | snmps-host |
stp-aggr | dhcp-pool | rfc2544-profile } level <0-15> <cmd>
Show: > show privilege
# show privilege
3.9.34 (config-if)# pvlan
3.9.34.1 (config-if)# pvlan
Syntax: (config-if)# pvlan <pvlan_list>
Explanation: This command is used to configure private VLANs. New Private VLANs can be added and existing VLANs
can be modified. Private VLANs are based on the source port mask and there are no connections to VLANs which
means that VLAN IDs and Private VLAN IDs can be identical. A port must be a member of both a VLAN and a Private
VLAN to be able to forward packets. By default, all ports are VLAN unaware and members of VLAN 1 and Private VLAN
1. A VLAN unaware port can only be a member of one VLAN, but it can be a member of multiple Private VLANs.
Parameters:
<pvlan_list>: Specify the private VLAN ID.
Negation: (config-if)# no pvlan <pvlan_list>
Show: # show pvlan <pvlan_list>
3.9.34.2 (config-if)# pvlan isolation
Syntax: (config-if)# pvlan isolation
Explanation: Enable Port Isolation function on this specific interface. Port Isolation is used to prevent communications
between customer ports in a same Private VLAN. The port that is isolated from others cannot forward any unicast,
multicast or broadcast traffic to any other ports in the same PVLAN.
Negation: (config-if)# no pvlan isolation
Show: # show pvlan isolation [ interface ( <port_type> [<plist>] ) ]
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3.9.35 (config)# qos
3.9.35.1 (config)# qos map cos-dscp
Syntax: (config)# qos map cos-dscp <cos> dpl <dpl> dscp { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23
| af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } }
Parameters:
cos-dscp <cos>: Map COS to DSCP. Indicate the Class of Service level. The allowed range is 0 to 7. A CoS class of 0
has the lowest priority, while 7 has the highest priority.
dpl <dpl>: Specify the Drop Precedence Level. The allowed range is 0 to 7.
dscp { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 |
cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } }: Specify one of the DSCP values.
<dscp_num: 0-63>: The allowed number is from 0 to 63.
be: Default PHB (DSCP 0) for best effort traffic.
af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43: Assured Forwarding PHB AF
11 (DSCP 10), 12 (DSCP 12), 13 (DSCP 14), 21 (DSCP 18), 22 (DSCP 20), 23 (DSCP 22), 31 (DSCP 26), 32 (DSCP
28), 33 (DSCP 30), 41 (DSCP 34), 42 (DSCP 36).
cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7: Class selector PHB CS1 precedence 1 (DSCP 8), CS2 precedence 2
(DSCP 16), CS3 precedence 3 (DSCP 24), CS4 precedence 4 (DSCP 32), CS5 precedence 5 (DSCP 40), CS6
precedence 6 (DSCP 48), CS7 precedence 7 (DSCP 56).
ef: Expedited Forwarding PHB (DSCP 46).
va: Voice Admit PHB (DSCP 44).
Explanation: Configure the COS-DSCP mapping.
Example: The following example sets DPL to 4, DSCP to cs4.
# config t
(config)# qos map cos-dscp 4 dpl 4 dscp cs4
Negation: (config)# no qos map cos-dscp <cos> dpl <dpl>
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.2 (config)# qos map dscp-classify
Syntax: (config)# qos map dscp-classify { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 |
af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } }
Parameters:
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dscp-classify { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43
| cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } }: Specify one of the DSCP values.
<dscp_num: 0-63>: The allowed number is from 0 to 63.
be: Default PHB (DSCP 0) for best effort traffic.
af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43: Assured Forwarding PHB AF
11 (DSCP 10), 12 (DSCP 12), 13 (DSCP 14), 21 (DSCP 18), 22 (DSCP 20), 23 (DSCP 22), 31 (DSCP 26), 32 (DSCP
28), 33 (DSCP 30), 41 (DSCP 34), 42 (DSCP 36).
cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7: Class selector PHB CS1 precedence 1 (DSCP 8), CS2 precedence 2
(DSCP 16), CS3 precedence 3 (DSCP 24), CS4 precedence 4 (DSCP 32), CS5 precedence 5 (DSCP 40), CS6
precedence 6 (DSCP 48), CS7 precedence 7 (DSCP 56).
ef: Expedited Forwarding PHB (DSCP 46).
va: Voice Admit PHB (DSCP 44).
Explanation: Configure the DSCP Ingress classification.
Example: The following example sets DSCP Ingress classification to cs4.
# config t
(config)# qos map dscp-classify cs4
Negation: (config)# no qos map dscp-classify { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 |
af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } }
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.3 (config)# qos map dscp-cos
Syntax: (config)# qos map dscp-cos { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 |
af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } } cos <cos> dpl <dpl>
Explanation: Configure the DSCP-based QoS Ingress classification.
Parameters:
dscp-cos { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 |
cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } }: Specify one of the DSCP values.
<dscp_num: 0-63>: The allowed number is from 0 to 63.
be: Default PHB (DSCP 0) for best effort traffic.
af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43: Assured Forwarding PHB AF
11 (DSCP 10), 12 (DSCP 12), 13 (DSCP 14), 21 (DSCP 18), 22 (DSCP 20), 23 (DSCP 22), 31 (DSCP 26), 32 (DSCP
28), 33 (DSCP 30), 41 (DSCP 34), 42 (DSCP 36).
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cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7: Class selector PHB CS1 precedence 1 (DSCP 8), CS2 precedence 2
(DSCP 16), CS3 precedence 3 (DSCP 24), CS4 precedence 4 (DSCP 32), CS5 precedence 5 (DSCP 40), CS6
precedence 6 (DSCP 48), CS7 precedence 7 (DSCP 56).
ef: Expedited Forwarding PHB (DSCP 46).
va: Voice Admit PHB (DSCP 44).
cos <cos>: Indicate the Class of Service level. The allowed range is 0 to 7. A CoS class of 0 has the lowest priority,
while 7 has the highest priority.
dpl <dpl>: Specify the Drop Precedence Level. The allowed range is 0 to 7.
Negation: (config)# no qos map dscp-cos { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 |
af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } }
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.4 (config)# qos map dscp-egress-translation
Syntax: (config)# qos map dscp-egress-translation { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31
| af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } } to { <dscp_num_tr> | { be | af11 |
af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef |
va } }
Explanation: Configure the DSCP Egress Mapping Table.
Parameters:
dscp-egress-translation { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 |
af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } }: Specify one of the DSCP values.
<dscp_num: 0-63>: The allowed number is from 0 to 63.
be: Default PHB (DSCP 0) for best effort traffic.
af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43: Assured Forwarding PHB AF
11 (DSCP 10), 12 (DSCP 12), 13 (DSCP 14), 21 (DSCP 18), 22 (DSCP 20), 23 (DSCP 22), 31 (DSCP 26), 32 (DSCP
28), 33 (DSCP 30), 41 (DSCP 34), 42 (DSCP 36).
cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7: Class selector PHB CS1 precedence 1 (DSCP 8), CS2 precedence 2
(DSCP 16), CS3 precedence 3 (DSCP 24), CS4 precedence 4 (DSCP 32), CS5 precedence 5 (DSCP 40), CS6
precedence 6 (DSCP 48), CS7 precedence 7 (DSCP 56).
ef: Expedited Forwarding PHB (DSCP 46).
va: Voice Admit PHB (DSCP 44).
Example: The following example maps cs4 to cs5.
# config t
(config)# qos map dscp-egress-translation cs4 to cs5
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Negation: (config)# no qos map dscp-egress-translation { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 |
af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } } <dpl>
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.5 (config)# qos map dscp-ingress-translation
Syntax: (config)# qos map dscp-ingress-translation { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31
| af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } } to { <dscp_num_tr> | { be | af11 |
af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef |
va } }
Explanation: Configure the DSCP Ingress Mapping Table.
Parameters:
dscp-ingress-translation { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 |
af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } }: Specify one of the DSCP values.
<dscp_num: 0-63>: The allowed number is from 0 to 63.
be: Default PHB (DSCP 0) for best effort traffic.
af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43: Assured Forwarding PHB AF
11 (DSCP 10), 12 (DSCP 12), 13 (DSCP 14), 21 (DSCP 18), 22 (DSCP 20), 23 (DSCP 22), 31 (DSCP 26), 32 (DSCP
28), 33 (DSCP 30), 41 (DSCP 34), 42 (DSCP 36).
cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7: Class selector PHB CS1 precedence 1 (DSCP 8), CS2 precedence 2
(DSCP 16), CS3 precedence 3 (DSCP 24), CS4 precedence 4 (DSCP 32), CS5 precedence 5 (DSCP 40), CS6
precedence 6 (DSCP 48), CS7 precedence 7 (DSCP 56).
ef: Expedited Forwarding PHB (DSCP 46).
va: Voice Admit PHB (DSCP 44).
Example: The following example maps cs4 to cs5.
# config t
(config)# qos map dscp-ingress-translation cs4 to cs5
Negation: (config)# no qos map dscp-ingress-translation { <dscp_num> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23
| af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } }
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
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3.9.35.6 (config)# qos qce refresh
Syntax: (config)# qos qce refresh
Explanation: To refresh QCE.
Example: Refresh QCE.
# config t
(config)# qos qce refresh
3.9.35.7 (config)# qos qce update
Syntax: (config)# qos qce { [ update ] } <qce_id> [ { next <qce_id_next> } | last ] [ interface ( <port_type>
[ <port_list> ] ) ] [ smac { <smac> | <smac_24> | any } ] [ dmac { <dmac> | unicast | multicast | broadcast | any } ] [ tag
{ [ type { untagged | tagged | c-tagged | s-tagged | any } ] [ vid { <ot_vid> | any } ] [ pcp { <ot_pcp> | any } ] [ dei
{ <ot_dei> | any } ] }*1 ] [ inner-tag { [ type { untagged | tagged | c-tagged | s-tagged | any } ] [ vid { <it_vid> | any } ]
[ pcp { <it_pcp> | any } ] [ dei { <it_dei> | any } ] }*1 ] [ frame-type { any | { etype [ { <etype_type> | any } ] } | { llc
[ dsap { <llc_dsap> | any } ] [ ssap { <llc_ssap> | any } ] [ control { <llc_control> | any } ] } | { snap [ { <snap_data> |
any } ] } | { ipv4 [ proto { <pr4> | tcp | udp | any } ] [ sip { <sip4> | any } ] [ dip { <dip4> | any } ] [ dscp { <dscp4> | { be
| af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7
| ef | va } | any } ] [ fragment { yes | no | any } ] [ sport { <sp4> | any } ] [ dport { <dp4> | any } ] } | { ipv6 [ proto
{ <pr6> | tcp | udp | any } ] [ sip { <sip6> | any } ] [ dip { <dip6> | any } ] [ dscp { <dscp6> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 |
af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } | any } ]
[ sport { <sp6> | any } ] [ dport { <dp6> | any } ] } } ] [ action { [ cos { <action_cos> | default } ] [ dpl { <action_dpl> |
default } ] [ pcp-dei { <action_pcp> <action_dei> | default } ] [ dscp { <action_dscp_dscp> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 |
af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } | default } ]
[ policy { <action_policy> | default } ] }*1 ]
Explanation: To update the QCE.
Parameters:
{ [ update ] }: Update the QCE.
<qce_id>: Specify the QCE ID.
[ { next <qce_id_next> } | last ]: Put this QCE next to the specified one or to the last one.
[ interface ( <port_type> [ <port_list> ] ) ]: Specify port type and port number that apply to this updated QCE rule.
[ smac { <smac> | <smac_24> | any } ]: Set up the matched SMAC.
[ dmac { <dmac> | unicast | multicast | broadcast | any } ]: Set up the matached DMAC.
[ tag { [ type { untagged | tagged | c-tagged | s-tagged | any } ]: Set up the matched tag type.
[ vid { <ot_vid> | any } ]: Specify a specific VID or VID range or specify “any” to allow any VIDs.
[ pcp { <ot_pcp> | any } ]: Specify a specific PCP or PCP range or specify “any” to allow any PCP values.
[ dei { <ot_dei> | any } ] } ]: Specify a specific DEI or specify “any” to allow any DEI.
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[ frame-type { any | { etype [ { <etype_type> | any } ] } | { llc [ dsap { <llc_dsap> | any } ] [ ssap { <llc_ssap> |
any } ] [ control { <llc_control> | any } ] } | { snap [ { <snap_data> | any } ] } | { ipv4 [ proto { <pr4> | tcp | udp |
any } ] [ sip { <sip4> | any } ] [ dip { <dip4> | any } ] [ dscp { <dscp4> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23
| af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } | any } ] [ fragment { yes
| no | any } ] [ sport { <sp4> | any } ] [ dport { <dp4> | any } ] } | { ipv6 [ proto { <pr6> | tcp | udp | any } ] [ sip
{ <sip6> | any } ] [ dip { <dip6> | any } ] [ dscp { <dscp6> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 |
af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 | af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } | any } ] [ sport { <sp6> | any } ]
[ dport { <dp6> | any } ] } } ]: Specify the frame type that applies to this QCE rule.
any: By default, any is used which means that all types of frames are allowed.
etype: This option can only be used to filter Ethernet II formatted packets. (Options: Any, Specific – 600-ffff
hex; Default: ffff). Note that 800 (IPv4) and 86DD (IPv6) are excluded. A detailed listing of Ethernet protocol
types can be found in RFC 1060. A few of the more common types include 0800 (IP), 0806 (ARP), 8137 (IPX).
llc: LLC refers to Link Logical Control and further provides three options.
dsap: DSAP stands for Destination Service Access Point address. By default, any is used. Specify
“any” or indicate a value (0x00 to 0xFF).
ssap: SSAP stands for Source Service Access Point address. By default, any is used. Specify “any” or
indicate a value (0x00 - 0xFF).
control: Control field may contain command, response, or sequence information depending on
whether the LLC frame type is Unnumbered, Supervisory, or Information. By default, any is used.
Specify “any” or indicate a value (0x00 to 0xFF).
snap: SubNetwork Access Protocol can be distinguished by an OUI and a Protocol ID. (Options for PID: Any,
Specific (0x00-0xffff); Default: Any) If the OUI is hexadecimal 000000, the protocol ID is the Ethernet type
(EtherType) field value for the protocol running on top of SNAP. If the OUI is that of a particular organization,
the protocol ID is a value assigned by that organization to the protocol running on top of SNAP. In other
words, if value of the OUI field is 00-00-00, then value of the PID will be etherType (0x0600-0xffff), and if
value of the OUI isother than 00-00-00, then valid value of the PID will be any value from 0x0000 to 0xffff.
ipv4:
proto: IPv4 frame type includes Any, TCP, UDP, Other. If “TCP” or “UDP” is specified, you might
further define Sport (Source port number) and Dport (Destination port number).
sip: Specify source IP type. By default, any is used. Indicate self-defined source IP and submask
format. The address and mask must be in the format x.y.z.w where x, y, z, and w are decimal
numbers between 0 and 255. When the mask is converted to a 32-bit binary string and read from
left to right, all bits following the first zero must also be zero
dscp: By default, any is used. Indicate a DSCP value or a range of DSCP value.
fragment: By default, any is used. Datagrams sometimes may be fragmented to ensure they can pass
through a network device that uses a maximum transfer unit smaller than the original packet’s size.
ipv6:
proto: IPv6 protocol includes Any, TCP, UDP, Other. If “TCP” or “UDP” is specified, you may need to
further define Sport (Source port number) and Dport (Destination port number).
sip: Specify source IP type. By default, any is used. You can also indicate self-defined source IP and
submask format.
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dscp: By default, any is used. You can also indicate a DSCP value or a range of DSCP value.
[ action { [ cos { <action_cos> | default } ]: Specify the classification action taken on ingress frame if the
parameters match the frame’s content. If a frame matches the QCE, it will be put in the queue corresponding to
the specified QoS class or placed in a queue based on basic classification rules.
[ dpl { <action_dpl> | default } ]: If a frame matches the QCE, the drop precedence level will be set to the
specified value or left unchanged.
[ pcp-dei { <action_pcp> <action_dei> | default } ]: If a frame matches the QCE, the PCP or DEI value will be set to
the specified one.
[ dscp { <action_dscp_dscp> | { be | af11 | af12 | af13 | af21 | af22 | af23 | af31 | af32 | af33 | af41 | af42 |
af43 | cs1 | cs2 | cs3 | cs4 | cs5 | cs6 | cs7 | ef | va } | default } ] [ policy { <action_policy> | default } ] }*1 ]: If a
frame matches the QCE, the DSCP value will be set to the specified one.
Negation: (config)# no qos qce <qce_id_range>
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.8 (config)# qos wred queue
Syntax: (config)# qos wred queue <queue> min-th <min_th> mdp-1 <mdp_1> mdp-2 <mdp_2> mdp-3 <mdp_3>
Explanation: Apply RED on a particular queue or set up the minimum threshold & drop probability value.
Parameters:
queue <queue>: Specify the queue number. Queue 0 to 5 can apply to Random Early Detection (RED). However,
RED cannot be applied to Queue 6 and 7.
min-th <min_th>: Specify the lowest RED threshold. If the average queue filling level is below this threshold, the
drop probability is zero. This valid value for this field is 0~100.
mdp-1 <mdp_1>: Controls the drop probability for the frames marked in drop precedence level 1 when the
average queue filling level is 100%. The valid value is 0~100.
mdp-2 <mdp_2>: Controls the drop probability for the frames marked in drop precedence level 2 when the
average queue filling level is 100%. The valid value is 0~100.
mdp-3 <mdp_3>: Controls the drop probability for the frames marked in drop precedence level 3 when the
average queue filling level is 100%. The valid value is 0~100.
Negation: (config)# no qos wred queue <queue>
Show: # show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
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3.9.35.9 (config-if)# qos dscp-classify
Syntax: (config-if)# qos dscp-classify { zero | selected | any }
Explanation: Configure a classification method.
Parameters:
{ zero | selected | any }: Specify a classification method.
zero: Classify if incoming DSCP is 0.
selected: Classify only selected DSCP for which classification is enabled in DSCP Translation table
any: Classify all DSCP.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos dscp-classify
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.10 (config-if)# qos dscp-remark
Syntax: (config-if)# qos dscp-remark { rewrite | remap | remap-dp }
Explanation: Configure port egress rewriting of DSCP values.
Parameters:
{ rewrite | remap | remap-dp }: Specify an option.
rewrite: Rewrite DSCP field with classified DSCP value.
remap: Frame with DSCP from analyzer is remapped and remarked with the remapped DSCP value.
Depending on the frame’s DP level, the remapped DSCP value is either taken from the DSCP Translation
table, Egress Remap DP0 or DP1 field.
remap-dp: Frame with DSCP from analyzer is remapped and remarked with the remapped DSCP value. The
remapped DSCP value is always taken from the DSCP Translation table, Egress Remap DP0 field.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos dscp-remark
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.11 (config-if)# qos dscp-translate
Syntax: (config-if)# qos dscp-translate
Explanation: Configure DSCP ingress translation of QoS for specific interface.
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Negation: (config-if)# no qos dscp-translate
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.12 (config-if)# qos map cos-tag
Syntax: (config-if)# qos map cos-tag cos <cos> dpl <dpl> pcp <pcp> dei <dei>
Explanation: Configure (QoS class, DP level) to (PCP, DEI) Mapping of QoS for specific interface.
Parameters:
cos <cos: 0-7>: Specify a QoS class value.
dpl <dpl:0-1>: Specify a DPL value (0 or 1).
pcp <pcp: 0-7>: Specify a PCP (Priority Code Point) value.
dei <dei: 0-1>: Specify a DEI value (0 or 1).
Negation: (config-if)# no qos map cos-tag cos <cos> dpl <dpl>
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.13 (config-if)# qos ingress queue-shaper
Syntax: (config-if)# qos egress queue-shaper queue <queue> <rate> [ excess ]
Explanation: Configure Egress Queue shaper Rate of QoS for specific interface.
Parameters:
<queue: 0-7>: Specify a queue or a range.
<rate: 100-13200000>: Specify shaper rate in kbps.
[ excess ]: Allow all excess bandwidth.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos egress queue-shaper queue <queue>
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
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3.9.35.14 (config-if)# qos egress shaper
Syntax: (config-if)# qos egress shaper <rate>
Explanation: Configure Egress Queue Policers Rate of QoS for specific interface.
Parameters:
<rate: 100-13200000>: Specify shaper rate in kbps.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos egress shaper
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.15 (config-if)# qos egress tag-remark
Syntax: (config-if)# qos egress tag-remark { pcp <pcp> dei <dei> | mapped }
Explanation: Configure the appropriate egress remarking mode used by this port.
Parameters:
{ pcp <pcp> dei <dei> | mapped }: Specify a remarking mode.
pcp <pcp> dei <dei>: Specify PCP and DEI value.
mapped: Use the mapping of the classified QoS class values and DP levels to PCP/DEI values.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos egress tag-remark
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.16 (config-if)# qos egress wrr
Syntax: (config-if)# qos egress wrr <w0> <w1> <w2> <w3> <w4> <w5>
Explanation: Assign egress weight for QoS queueing method. WRR stands for Weighted Round Robin and uses default
queue weights. The number of packets serviced during each visit to a queue depends on the percentages you
configure for the queues.
Parameters:
<w0: 1-100>: Specify weight for queue 0.
<w1: 1-100>: Specify weight for queue 1.
<w2: 1-100>: Specify weight for queue 2.
<w3: 1-100>: Specify weight for queue 3.
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<w4: 1-100>: Specify weight for queue 4.
<w5: 1-100>: Specify weight for queue 5.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos egress wrr
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.17 (config-if)# qos ingress cos
Syntax: (config-if)# qos ingress cos <cos>
Explanation: Configure CoS value on this selecte infterface.
Parameters:
<cos>: Specify COS value (1-7).
Negation: (config-if)# no qos ingress cos
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.18 (config-if)# qos ingress dei
Syntax: (config-if)# qos ingress dei <dei>
Explanation: Configure DEI (Drop Eligible Indicator) value on this selecte infterface.
Parameters:
<dei>: Specify DEI for untagged frames.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos ingress dei
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.19 (config-if)# qos ingress dpl
Syntax: (config-if)# qos ingress dpl <dpl>
Explanation: Configure DPL value on this selecte infterface.
Parameters:
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<dpl>: Specify the default Drop Precedence Level
Negation: (config-if)# no qos ingress dpl
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.20 (config-if)# qos ingress map tag-cos
Syntax: (config-if)# qos ingress map tag-cos pcp <pcp> dei <dei> cos <cos> dpl <dpl>
Explanation: Configure (QoS class, DP level) to (PCP, DEI) Mapping of QoS for specific interface.
Parameters:
pcp <pcp: 0-7>: Specify a PCP (Priority Code Point) value.
dei <dei: 0-1>: Specify a DEI value (0 or 1).
cos <cos: 0-7>: Specify a QoS class value.
dpl <dpl:0-1>: Specify a DPL value (0 or 1).
Negation: (config-if)# no qos ingress map tag-cos pcp <pcp> dei <dei>
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.21 (config-if)# qos ingress pcp
Syntax: (config-if)# qos ingress pcp <pcp>
Explanation: Configure PCP value for specific interface.
Parameters:
pcp <pcp: 0-7>: Specify a PCP (Priority Code Point) value.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos ingress pcp
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.22 (config-if)# qos policer
Syntax: (config-if)# qos policer <rate> [ fps ] [ flowcontrol ]
Explanation: Configure PCP value for specific interface.
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Parameters:
<rate>: Indicate the rate for the policer. By default, 500kbps is used. The allowed range for kbps and fps is 100 to
1000000. The allowed range for Mbps and kfps is 1 to 3300Mbps.
[ fps ]: Rate is fps. By default, kbps is used.
[ flowcontrol ]: Enable Flow Control. If flow control is enabled and the port is in flow control mode, then pause
frames are sent instead of discarding frames
Negation: (config-if)# no qos ingress policer
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.23 (config-if)# qos ingress queue-policer
Syntax: (config-if)# qos ingress queue-policer queue <queue> <rate>
Explanation: Configure Egress Queue shaper Rate of QoS for specific interface.
Parameters:
<queue: 0-7>: Specify a queue or a range.
<rate: 100-13200000>: Specify shaper rate in kbps.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos ingress queue-policer queue <queue>
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.24 (config-if)# qos ingress shaper
Syntax: (config-if)# qos ingress shaper <rate> [ burst <has_burst_size> ]
Explanation: Configure ingress shaper rate of QoS for specific interface.
Parameters:
<rate: 100-13200000>: Specify shaper rate in kbps.
[ burst <has_burst_size> ]: Specify the burst size. The allowed range is 0-252Kbytes. By default, the burst size is
4Kbytes.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos ingress shaper
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
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3.9.35.25 (config-if)# qos ingress trust dscp
Syntax: (config-if)# qos ingress trust dscp
Explanation: Enable DSCP Classification of QoS for specific interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos ingress trust dscp
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.26 (config-if)# qos ingress trust tag
Syntax: (config-if)# qos ingress trust tag
Explanation: Enable VLAN tag Classification of QoS for specific interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no qos ingress trust tag
Show: # show qos
# show qos [ { interface [ ( <port_type> [ <port> ] ) ] } | wred | { maps [ dscp-cos ] [ dscp-ingress-translation ]
[ dscp-classify ] [ cos-dscp ] [ dscp-egress-translation ] } | storm | { qce [ <qce> ] } ]
3.9.35.27 (config-if)# qos storm
Syntax: (config-if)# qos storm { unicast | broadcast | unknown } <rate> [ fps ]
Explanation: Configure broadcast storm control rate for QoS on the selected ports.
Parameters:
{ unicast | multicast | broadcast }: Specify the storm type that you want to configure.
{ { <rate> [ kfps ] } | { 1024 kfps } }: User-define storm frame rate or set storm rate to 1024 kfps.
Example: The following example sets broadcast storm control for QoS to 1024 kfps.
# config t
(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/1
(config-if)# qos storm broadcast 1024 kfps
Negation: (config-if)# no qos storm { unicast | multicast | broadcast }
Show: # show qos storm
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3.9.36 (config)# radius-server
3.9.36.1 (config)# radius-server attribute 32
Syntax: (config)# radius-server attribute 32 <id>
Explanation: Configure Radius attribute 32 string.
Parameters:
<id>: Specify Radius server identifier. The allowed characters are 1 to 253.
Example: Set RADIUS attribute 32 string to “cabinet5aSW”.
# config t
(config)# radius-server attribute 32 cabinet5aSW
Negation: (config)# no radius-server attribute 32
Show: # show radius-server [statistics]
3.9.36.2 (config)# radius-server attribute 4
Syntax: (config)# radius-server attribute 4 <ipv4>
Explanation: Configure NAS IPv4 address.
Parameters:
<ipv4>: Specify NAS IPv4 address.
Example: Set NAS IPv4 address to 100.1.1.25.
# config t
(config)# radius-server attribute 4 100.1.1.25
Negation: (config)# no radius-server attribute 4
Show: # show radius-server [statistics]
3.9.36.3 (config)# radius-server attribute 95
Syntax: (config)# radius-server attribute 95 <ipv6>
Explanation: Configure NAS IPv6 address.
Parameters:
<ipv6>: Specify NAS IPv6 address.
Negation: (config)# no radius-server attribute 95
Show: # show radius-server [statistics]
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3.9.36.4 (config)# radius-server deadtime
Syntax: (config)# radius-server deadtime <minutes>
Explanation: Configure RADIUS server deadtime value. Deadtime is the period during which the switch will not send
new requests to a server that has failed to respond to a previous request. This will stop the switch from continually
trying to contact a server that it has already determined as dead.
Parameters:
<deadtime>: Specify RADIUS server deadtime value. The valid range is 1 to 1440 (minutes).
Example: Set RADIUS server to 60.
# config t
(config)# radius-server deadtime 60
Negation: (config)# no radius-server deadtime
Show: # show radius-server [statistics]
3.9.36.5 (config)# radius-server host
Syntax: (config)# radius-server host <host_name> [ auth-port <auth_port> ] [ acct-port <acct_port> ] [ timeout
<seconds> ] [ retransmit <retries> ] [ key <key> ]
Explanation: This command is used to configure Radius server.
Parameters:
<host_name>: Specify the hostname or IP address for the radius server. The allowed characters are 1 to 255.
[ auth-port <auth_port> ]: Specify the UDP port to be used on the RADIUS server for authentication.
[ acct-port <acct_port> ]: Specify the UDP port to be used on the RADIUS server for accounting.
[ timeout <seconds> ]: Specify a timeout value. If timeout value is specified here, it will replace the global timeout
value. If you prefer to use the global value, leave this field blank.
[ retransmit <retries> ]: Specify a value for retransmit retry. If retransmit value is specified here, it will replace the
global retransmit value. If you prefer to use the global value, leave this field blank.
[ key <key> ]: Specify a secret key. If secret key is specified here, it will replace the global secret key. If you prefer
to use the global value, leave this field blank.
Negation: (config)# no radius-server host <host_name> [ auth-port <auth_port> ] [ acct-port <acct_port> ]
Show: # show radius-server [statistics]
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3.9.36.6 (config)# radius-server key
Syntax: (config)# radius-server key <key>
Explanation: Configure RADIUS server key value. This key is shared between the RADIUS sever and the switch.
Parameters:
<key>: Specify RADIUS server secret key value. The valid range is 1 to 63.
Example: Set RADIUS server secret key to 803321
# config t
(config)# radius-server key 803321
Negation: (config)# no radius-server key
3.9.36.7 (config)# radius-server retransmit
Syntax: (config)# radius-server retransmit <retries>
Explanation: Configure the number of times to retransmit request packets to an authentication server that does not
respond. If the server does not respond after the last retransmit is sent, the switch considers the authentication server
is dead.
Parameters:
<retries>: Specify RADIUS server retransmit value. The valid range is 1 to 1000.
Example: Set RADIUS server retransmit value to 5
# config t
(config)# radius-server retransmit 5
Negation: (config)# no radius-server retransmit
Show: # show radius-server [statistics]
3.9.36.8 (config)# radius-server timeout
Syntax: (config)# radius-server timeout <seconds>
Explanation: Configure the time the switch waits for a reply from an authentication server before it retransmits the
request.
Parameters:
<seconds>: Specify RADIUS server timeout value. The valid range is 1 to 1000.
Example: Set RADIUS server timeout to 60
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# config t
(config)# radius-server timeout 60
Negation: (config)# no radius-server timeout
Show: # show radius-server [statistics]
3.9.37 (config)# ring
3.9.37.1 (config)# ring <instance> chain
Syntax: (config)# ring <instance> chain [ master ] east interface <port_type> <east_port> [ edge ] west interface
<port_type> <west_port> [ edge ]
Parameters:
<instance: 0-5>: Specify the ring instance number.
chain: This is a chain ring.
[ master ]: Set this ring to master ring.
east interface <port_type> <east_port> [ edge ]: Specify the east port type (Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet)
and port number. If this port is the edge port, add “edge” after the port number.
west interface <port_type> <west_port> [ edge ]: Specify the west port type (Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet)
and port number. If this port is the edge port, add “edge” after the port number.
Explanation: Create a chain ring instance.
Example: Create a chain instance 1.
# config t
(config)# ring 1 chain east interface GigabitEthernet 1/1 west interface
GigabitEthernet 1/2
Negation: (config)# no ring <instance>
Show: # show ring [ <instances> ]
3.9.37.2 (config)# ring <instance> ring
Syntax: (config)# ring <instance> ring [ master ] east interface <port_type> <east_port> west interface <port_type>
<west_port>
Parameters:
<instance: 0-5>: Specify the ring instance number.
ring: This is a closed ring type.
[ master ]: Set this ring to master ring.
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east interface <port_type> <east_port>: Specify the east port type (Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet) and port
number.
west interface <port_type> <west_port>: Specify the west port type (Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet) and port
number.
Explanation: Create a closed ring instance.
Example: Create a ring instance 2.
# config t
(config)# ring 2 ring east interface GigabitEthernet 1/3 west interface
GigabitEthernet 1/4
Negation: (config)# no ring <instance>
Show: # show ring [ <instances> ]
3.9.37.3 (config)# ring <instance> sub
Syntax: (config)# ring <instance> sub [ master ] east interface <port_type> <east_port>
Parameters:
<instance: 0-5>: Specify the ring instance number.
sub: This is a sub-ring type.
[ master ]: Set this ring to master ring.
east interface <port_type> <east_port>: Specify the east port type (Fast Ethernet or Gigabit Ethernet) and port
number.
Explanation: Create a sub ring instance.
Example: Create a ring instance 3.
# config t
(config)# ring 3 ring east interface GigabitEthernet 1/1
Negation: (config)# no ring <instance>
Show: # show ring [ <instances> ]
3.9.38 (config)# rmon
3.9.38.1 (config)# rmon alarm
Syntax: (config)# rmon alarm <id> <oid_str> <interval> { absolute | delta } rising-threshold <rising_threshold>
[ <rising_event_id> ] falling-threshold <falling_threshold> [ <falling_event_id> ] { [ rising | falling | both ] }
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Syntax: (config)# rmon alarm <id> { ifInOctets | ifInUcastPkts | ifInNUcastPkts | ifInDiscards | ifInErrors |
ifInUnknownProtos | ifOutOctets | ifOutUcastPkts | ifOutNUcastPkts | ifOutDiscards | ifOutErrors } <ifIndex>
<interval> { absolute | delta } rising-threshold <rising_threshold> [ <rising_event_id> ] falling-threshold
<falling_threshold> [ <falling_event_id> ] { [ rising | falling | both ] }
Explanation: Configure RMON alarm settings. RMON Alarm configuration defines specific criteria that will generate
response events. It can be set to test data over any specified time interval and can monitor absolute or changing
values. Alarms can also be set to respond to rising or falling thresholds.
Parameters:
<id>: Indicates the index of the entry. The range is from 1 to 65535.
<oid_str>: The object number of the MIB variable to be sampled. Only variables of the type ifEntry.n.n may be
sampled. Possible variables are ifInOctets, ifInUcastPkts, ifInNUcastPkts, ifOutDiscards, ifErrors,
ifInUnknownProtos, ifOutOctets, ifOutUcastPkts, ifOutNUcastPkts, ifOutDiscards, ifOutErrors.
<interval>: The polling interval for sampling and comparing the rising and falling threshold. The range is from 1to
2^31 (2147483647) seconds.
{ absolute | delta }: Test for absolute or relative change in the specified variable.
Absolute: The variable is compared to the thresholds at the end of the sampling period.
Delta: The last sample is subtracted from the current value and the difference is compared to the thresholds.
rising-threshold <rising_threshold>: If the current value is greater than the rising threshold and the last sample
value is less than this threshold, then an alarm will be triggered. After a rising event has been generated, another
such event will not be generated until the sampled value has fallen below the rising threshold, reaches the falling
threshold, and again moves back up to the rising threshold. The threshold range is -2147483647 to 2147483647.
[ <rising_event_id> ]: Indicates the rising index of an event. The range is 1 - 65535.
falling-threshold <falling_threshold>: If the current value is less than the falling threshold, and the last sample
value was greater than this threshold, then an alarm will be generated. After a falling event has been generated,
another such event will not be generated until the sampled value has risen above the falling threshold, reaches
the rising threshold, and again moves back down to the failing threshold. (Range: -2147483647 to 2147483647)
[ <falling_event_id> ]: Indicates the falling index of an event. The range is 0 - 65535.
{ [ rising | falling | both ] }: Specify a method that is used to sample the selected variable and calculate the value
to be compared against the thresholds.
rising: Trigger alarm when the first value is larger than the rising threshold.
falling: Trigger alarm when the first value is less than the falling threshold.
both: Trigger alarm when the first value is larger than the rising threshold or less than the falling
threshold.
Negation: (config)# no rmon alarm <id>
Show: # show rmon alarm [ <id_list> ]
# show rmon history [ <id_list> ]
# show rmon statistics [ <id_list> ]
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3.9.38.2(config)# rmon event
Syntax: (config)# rmon event <id> [ log ] [ trap <community> ] { [ description <description> ] }
Explanation: Configure RMON Event settings.
Parameters:
<id>: Specify an ID index. The range is 1 - 65535.
[ log ]: When the event is triggered, a RMON log entry will be generated.
[ trap <community> ]: A password-like community string sent with the trap. Although the community string can
be set on this configuration page, it is recommended that it be defined on the SNMP trap configuration page
prior to configuring it here. The allowed characters are 0 - 127.
{ [ description <description> ] }: Enter a descriptive comment for this entry.
Negation: (config)# no rmon event <id>
Show: # show rmon alarm [ <id_list> ]
# show rmon history [ <id_list> ]
3.9.38.3 (config-if)# rmon collection history
Syntax: (config-if)# rmon collection history <id> [ buckets <buckets> ] [ interval <interval> ]
Explanation: RMON History Configuration is to collect statistics on a physical interface to monitor network utilization,
packet types, and errors. A RMON historical record can be used to monitor intermittent problems.
Parameters:
<id>: Specify an ID index. The range is 1~65535.
[ buckets <buckets> ]: The number of buckets requested for this entry. The allowed range is 1~65535.
[ interval <interval> ]: Indicates the polling interval. By default, 1800 seconds is specified. The allowed range is
1~3600 seconds.
Negation: (config-if)# no rmon collection history <id>
Show: # show rmon history [ <id_list> ]
3.9.38.4 (config-if)# rmon collection stats
Syntax: (config-if)# rmon collection stats <id>
Explanation: Configure RMON Statistics table using this command.
Parameters:
<id>: Specify an ID index. The range is 1~65535.
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Negation: (config-if)# no rmon collection stats <id>
Show: # show rmon statistics [ <id_list> ]
3.9.39 (config-if)# shutdown
Syntax: (config-if)# shutdown
Explanation: Shutdown this specific interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no shutdown
Show: # show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
3.9.40 (config)# snmp-server
3.9.40.1 (config)# snmp-server
Syntax: (config)# snmp-server
Explanation: Enable SNMP server service.
Example: Enable SNMP server service.
# config t
(config)# snmp-server
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server
Show: # show snmp
3.9.40.2 (config)# snmp-server access
Syntax: (configt)# snmp-server access <group_name> model { v1 | v2c | v3 | any } level { auth | noauth | priv } [ read
<view_name> ] [ write <write_name> ]
Explanation: Configure SNMP access settings.
Parameters:
<group_name>: A string identifying the group name that this entry should belong to. The allowed string length is
1 to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
model { v1 | v2c | v3 | any }: Indicates the security model that this entry should belong to. Possible security
models are:
any: Any security model accepted(v1|v2c|usm).
v1: Reserved for SNMPv1.
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v2c: Reserved for SNMPv2c.
v3: User-based Security Model (USM) for SNMPv3.
level { auth | noauth | priv }: Indicates the security level that this entry should belong to. Possible security models
are:
auth: Authentication and no privacy.
noauth: No authentication and no privacy.
priv: Authentication and privacy.
[ read <view_name> ]: The name of the MIB view defining the MIB objects for which this request may request the
current values. The allowed string length is 1 to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
[ write <write_name> ]: The name of the MIB view defining the MIB objects for which this request may
potentially set new values. The allowed string length is 1 to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from
0x21 to 0x7E.
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server access <group_name> model { v1 | v2c | v3 | any } level { auth | noauth | priv }
Show: # show snmp access [ <group_name> { v1 | v2c | v3 | any } { auth | noauth | priv } ]
3.9.40.3 (config)# snmp-server community v2c
Syntax: (config)# snmp-server community v2c <comm> [ ro | rw ]
Explanation: Configure Read or Write community string.
Parameters:
<comm >: Indicate a community read or write access string to permit access to the SNMP agent. The allowed
string length is 0 to 255, and the allowed content is the ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
[ ro | rw ]: Indicates whether the specified community applies to read only access string or read & write access
string.
Example: Set Write community access string to private123.
# config t
(config)# snmp-server community v2c private124 rw
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server community v2c
Show: # show snmp
3.9.40.4 (config)# snmp-server community v3
Syntax: (config)# snmp-server community v3 <v3_comm> [ <v_ipv4_addr> <v_ipv4_netmask> ]
Explanation: Configure SNMP server community v3 value.
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Parameters:
<v3_comm>: Specify SNMPv3 community string.
[ <v_ipv4_addr> <v_ipv4_netmask> ]: Specify IPv4 address and subnet mask address.
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server community v3 <word127>
Show: # show snmp
# show snmp community v3
3.9.40.5 (config)# snmp-server contact
Syntax: (config)# snmp-server contact <v_line255>
Explanation: Configure system contact information.
Parameters:
<v_line255>: Specify system contact information. This could be a person’s name, email address or other
descriptions. The allowed string length is 0 – 255 and the allowed content is the ASCII characters from 32 – 126.
Example: Set system contact information to “admin@acme.com”
# config t
(config)# snmp-server contact admin@acme.com
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server contact
3.9.40.6 (config)# snmp-server engine-id local
Syntax: (config)# snmp-server engine-id local <engineID>
Explanation: Configure SNMP server v3 Engine ID value.
Parameters:
<engineID>: Indicates the SNMPv3 engine ID. The string must contain an even number (in hexadecimal format)
with number of digits between 10 and 64, but all-zeros and all-'F's are not allowed. Changes to the Engine ID will
clear all original local users.
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server engined-id local
Show: # show snmp
3.9.40.7 (config)# snmp-server host
Syntax: (config)# snmp-server host <conf_name>
Explanation: Configure SNMP server hostname.
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Parameters:
<conf_name: word 32>: Specify a host name. Once “Enter” is pressed, the CLI prompt changes to (config-snmpshost)#.
Example: Set SNMP server hostname to RemoteSnmp
# config t
(config)# snmp-server host RemoteSnmp
Negation: (config)# snmp-server host <conf_name>
Show: # show snmp host [ <conf_name> ] [ system ] [ switch ] [ power ] [ interface ] [ aaa ]
3.9.40.8 (config)# snmp-server location
Syntax: (config)# snmp-server location <v_line255>
Parameters:
<v_line255>: Specify the descriptive location of this device. The allowed string length is 0 – 255.
Example: Set the location to “Cabinet A22”
# config t
(config)# snmp-server location Cabinet A22
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server location
3.9.40.9 (config)# snmp-server security-to-group model
Syntax: (configt)# snmp-server security-to-group model { v1 | v2c | v3 } name <security_name> group <group_name>
Explanation: Configure SNMPv3 Group settings.
Parameters:
{ v1 | v2c | v3 }: Indicates the security model that this entry should belong to.
<security_name>: A string identifying the security name that this entry should belong to. The allowed string
length is 1 to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
<group_name>: A string identifying the group name that this entry should belong to. The allowed string
length is 1 to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server security-to-group model { v1 | v2c | v3 } name <security_name>
Show: # show snmp security-to-group [ { v1 | v2c | v3 } <security_name> ]
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3.9.40.10 (config)# snmp-server trap
Syntax: (config)# snmp-server trap
Explanation: Enable SNMP server trap function.
Example: Enable SNMP server trap function.
# config t
(config)# snmp-server trap
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server trap
Show: # show snmp
3.9.40.11 (config)# snmp-server user
Syntax: (configt)# snmp-server user <username> engine-id <engineID> [ { md5 <md5_passwd> | sha <sha_passwd> }
[ priv { des | aes } <priv_passwd> ] ]
Explanation: Configure SNMPv3 User settings.
Parameters:
<username: word 32>: A string identifying the user name that this entry should belong to. The allowed string
length is 1 to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
engine-id <engineID>: An octet string identifying the engine ID that this entry should belong to. The string must
contain an even number (in hexadecimal format) with number of digits between 10 and 64, but all-zeros and all'F's are not allowed. The SNMPv3 architecture uses the User-based Security Model (USM) for message security
and the View-based Access Control Model (VACM) for access control. For the USM entry, the usmUserEngineID
and usmUserName are the entry's keys. In a simple agent, usmUserEngineID is always that agent's own
snmpEngineID value. The value can also take the value of the snmpEngineID of a remote SNMP engine with
which this user can communicate. In other words, if user engine ID equal system engine ID then it is local user;
otherwise it is a remote user.
{ md5 <md5_passwd> | sha <sha_passwd> }: Indicates the authentication protocol that this entry should belong
to. Possible authentication protocols are:
md5 <md5_passwd>: An optional flag to indicate that this user uses MD5 authentication protocol. A string
identifying the authentication password phrase. For MD5 authentication protocol, the allowed string length
is 8 to 32 characters. For SHA authentication protocol, the allowed string length is 8 to 40 characters. The
allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
sha <sha_passwd>: An optional flag to indicate that this user uses SHA authentication protocol. A string
identifying the authentication password phrase. For MD5 authentication protocol, the allowed string length
is 8 to 32 characters. For SHA authentication protocol, the allowed string length is 8 to 40 characters. The
allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
[ priv { des | aes } <priv_passwd> ] ]: Indicates the privacy protocol that this entry should belong to. Possible
privacy protocols are:
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DES: An optional flag to indicate that this user uses DES authentication protocol.
AES: An optional flag to indicate that this user uses AES authentication protocol.
<priv_passwd>: A string identifying the privacy password phrase. The allowed string length is 8 to 32, and
the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server user <username> engine-id <engineID>
Show: #show snmp user [ <username> <engineID> ]
3.9.40.12 (config)# snmp-server version
Syntax: (config)# snmp-server version { v1 | v2c | v3 }
Explanation: Configure SNMP server version.
Parameters:
{ v1 | v2c | v3 }: Specify which SNMP server version you want to use.
Example: Set SNMP server version to v3.
# config t
(config)# snmp-server version v3
Negation: (config)# no snmp-server version
Show: # show snmp
3.9.40.13 (config)# snmp-server view
Syntax: (configt)# snmp-server view <view_name> <oid_subtree> { include | exclude }
Explanation: Configure SNMPv3 MIB view name.
Parameters:
<view_name>: A string identifying the view name that this entry should belong to. The allowed string length
is 1 to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
<oid_subtree>: The OID defining the root of the subtree to add to the named view. The allowed OID length
is 1 to 128.
{ include | exclude }: Indicates the view type that this entry should belong to. Possible view types are:
included: An optional flag to indicate that this view subtree should be included.
excluded: An optional flag to indicate that this view subtree should be excluded. In general, if a view
entry's view type is 'excluded', there should be another view entry existing with view type as 'included'
and it's OID subtree should overstep the 'excluded' view entry.
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Negation: (config)# no snmp-server view <view_name> <oid_subtree>
Show: # show snmp view [ <view_name> <oid_subtree> ]
3.9.40.14 (config-if)# snmp-server host <conf_name> traps
Syntax: (config-if)# snmp-server host <conf_name> traps [ linkup ] [ linkdown ] [ lldp ]
Explanation: Configure SNMP trap events for the selected interface.
Parameters:
<conf_name: word 32>: Specify the name of the trap.
traps [ linkup ] [ linkdown ] [ lldp ]: Enable the selected interfaces’ trap events.
[ linkup ]: Port link up trap.
[ linkdown ]: Port link down trap.
[ lldp ]: LLDP (Link Layer Discovery Protocol) trap.
Negation: (config-if)# no snmp-server host <conf_name> traps
3.9.40.15 (config-snmps-host)# alarm
Syntax: (config-snmps-host)# alarm [ power [ power1 ] [ power2 ] ]
Explanation: Configure power alarms for this host.
Parameters:
[ power [ power1 ] [ power2 ] ]: Initiate power alarms when Power 1 or Power 2 fails.
3.9.40.16 (config-snmps-host)# host <v_ipv6_ucast>
Syntax: (config-snmps-host)# host <v_ipv6_ucast> [ <udp_port> ] [ traps | informs ]
Explanation: Indicates the SNMP trap destination address.
Parameters:
<v_ipv6_ucast>: Specify the IPv6 address. It allows a valid IP address in dotted decimal notation ('x.y.z.w'). Also
allowed is a valid hostname. A valid hostname is a string drawn from the alphabet (A-Z; a-z), digits (0-9), dot (.)
and dash (-). Spaces are not allowed. The first character must be an alpha character, and the first and last
characters cannot be a dot or a dash.
[ <udp_port> ]: Indicates the SNMP trap destination port. SNMP Agent will send SNMP message via this port, the
port range is 1~65535. The default SNMP trap port is 162.
[ traps | informs ]: Specify one of the options.
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Negation: (config-snmps-host)# no host
3.9.40.17 (config-snmps-host)# host <v_ipv4_ucast>
Syntax: (config-snmps-host)# host { <v_ipv4_ucast> | <v_word45> } [ <udp_port> ] [ traps | informs ]
Explanation: Configure the SNMP trap destination IPv4 address.
Parameters:
{ <v_ipv4_ucast> | <v_word45> }: Indicates the SNMP trap destination address. It allows a valid IP address in
dotted decimal notation ('x.y.z.w'). Also allowed is a valid hostname. A valid hostname is a string drawn from the
alphabet (A-Z; a-z), digits (0-9), dot (.) and dash (-). Spaces are not allowed. The first character must be an alpha
character, and the first and last characters cannot be a dot or a dash.
[ <udp_port> ]: Indicates the SNMP trap destination port. SNMP Agent will send SNMP message via this port, the
port range is 1~65535. The default SNMP trap port is 162.
[ traps | informs ]: Specify one of the options.
Negation: (config-snmps-host)# no host
3.9.40.18 (config-snmps-host)# version
Syntax: (config-snmps-host)# version { v1 [ <v1_comm> ] | v2 [ <v2_comm> ] | v3 [ probe | engineID
<v_word10_to_32> ] [ <securtyname> ] }
Parameters:
{ v1 [ <v1_comm> ] | v2 [ <v2_comm> ] | v3 [ probe | engineID <v_word10_to_32> ] [ <securtyname> ] }: Specify
one of the SNMP versions.
v1 [v1_comm]: Support SNMPv1 and trap community access string when sending SNMP trap packet. The
allowed string length is 0 to 255, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
v2 [v2_comm]: Support SNMPv2c and trap community access string when sending SNMP trap packet. The
allowed string length is 0 to 255, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
v3 [ probe | engineID <v_word10_to_32> ] [ <securtyname> ]: Support SNMPv3.
[ probe | engineID <v_word10_to_32> ]: Indicates the SNMP trap probe security engine ID or SNMP
trap security engine ID. SNMPv3 sends traps and informs use USM for authentication and privacy. A
unique engine ID for these traps and informs is needed. When "Trap Probe Security Engine ID" is
enabled, the ID will be probed automatically. Otherwise, the ID specified in this field is used. The string
must contain an even number (in hexadecimal format) with number of digits between 10 and 64, but
all-zeros and all-'F's are not allowed.
[ <securtyname> ]: Indicates the SNMP trap security name. SNMPv3 traps and informs use USM for
authentication and privacy. A unique security name is needed when traps and informs are enabled.
Explanation: Configure SNMP version and its corresponding values.
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Example: Support SNMPv2c version.
# config t
(config-snmps-host)# version v2 public
Negation: (config-snmps-host)# no version
3.9.40.19 (config-snmps-host)# informs retries
Syntax: (config-snmps-host)# informs retries <retries> timeout <timeout>
Explanation: Configure SNMP trap retry times and timeout.
Parameters:
<retries>: Indicates the SNMP trap inform retry times. The allowed range is 0 to 255.
<timeout>: Indicates the SNMP trap inform timeout. The allowed range is 0 to 2147.
Negation: (config-snmps-host)# no informs
3.9.40.20 (config-snmps-host)# shutdown
Syntax: (config-snmps-host)# shutdown
Parameters: None.
Explanation: Disable the SNMP trap mode.
Example: Disable the SNMP trap mode.
# config t
(config-snmps-host)# shutdown
Negation: (config-snmps-host)# no shutdown
3.9.40.21 (config-snmps-host)# traps
Syntax: (config-snmps-host)# traps [ aaa authentication ] [ system [ coldstart ] [ warmstart ] ] [ switch [ stp ] [ rmon ] ]
Explanation: Configure SNMP trap events.
Parameters:
[ aaa authentication ]: Authentication, Authorization and Accounting. A trap will be issued at any authentication
failure.
[ system [ coldstart ] [ warmstart ] ]: The system trap events include the following.
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coldstart: The switch has booted from a powered off or due to power cycling (power failure).
warmstart: The switch has been rebooted from an already powered on state.
[ switch [ stp ] [ rmon ] ]: Indicates that the Switch group's traps. Possible traps are:
stp: Enable STP trap.
rmon: Enable RMON trap.
Example: Send a trap notice when any authentication fails.
# config t
(config-snmps-host)# traps aaa authentication
Negation: (config-snmps-host)# no traps
Show: # show snmp host [ <conf_name> ] [ system ] [ switch ] [ interface ] [ aaa ]
3.9.41 (config)# spanning-tree
3.9.41.1 (config)# spanning-tree aggregation
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree aggregation
Explanation: Enable aggregation mode of Spanning Tree.
# config t
Example: Enter aggregation mode.
(config)# spanning-tree aggregation
(config-stp-aggr)#
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.2 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree
Syntax: (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree
Explanation: Enable Spanning Tree under aggregation mode.
Negation: (config-stp-aggr)# no spanning-tree
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.3 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree auto-edge
Syntax: (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree auto-edge
Explanation: Enable auto edge function. When enabled, a port is automatically determined to be at the edge of the
network when it receives no BPDUs.
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Negation: (config-stp-aggr)# no spanning-tree auto-edge
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.4 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree bpdu-guard
Syntax: (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree bpdu-guard
Explanation: Enable BPDU guard function. This feature protects ports from receiving BPDUs. It can prevent loops by
shutting down a port when a BPDU is received instead of putting it into the spanning tree discarding state. If enabled,
the port will disable itself upon receiving valid BPDU's.
Negation: (config-stp-aggr)# no spanning-tree bpdu-guard
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.5 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree edge
Syntax: (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree edge
Explanation: If an interface is attached to end nodes, you can set it to “Edge”.
Negation: (config-stp-aggr)# no spanning-tree edge
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.6 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree link-type
Syntax: (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree link-type { point-to-point | shared | auto }
Explanation: Configure the link type attached to an interface.
Parameters:
{ point-to-point | shared | auto }: Select the link type attached to an interface.
point-to-point: It is a point-to-point connection.
shared: It is a shared medium connection
auto: The switch automatically determines whether the interface is attached to a point-to-point link or
shared medium.
Negation: (config-stp-aggr)# no spanning-tree link-type
Show: # show spanning-tree
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3.9.41.7 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree mst <instance> cost
Syntax: (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree mst <instance> cost { <cost> | auto }
Explanation: Configure MSTI and its’ path cost value.
Parameters:
mst <instance: 0-15>: Specify MST instance number. Specify “0” to denote CIST. Specify “1-15” to denote MSTI 115.
cost { <cost> | auto }: Specify a Path cost value that is used to determine the best path between devices. Valid
values are 1 to 200000000. If “auto” mode is specified, the system automatically detects the speed and duplex
mode to decide the path cost. Please note that path cost takes precedence over port priority.
Negation: (config-stp-aggr)# no spanning-tree mst <instance> cost
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.8 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree mst <instance> port-priority
Syntax: (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree mst <instance> port-priority <prio>
Explanation: Configure MSTI and its’ port priority.
Parameters:
mst <instance: 0-15>: Specify MST instance number. Specify “0” to denote CIST. Specify “1-15” to denote MSTI 115.
port-priority <prio>: Specify a port priority value.
Negation: (config-stp-aggr)# no spanning-tree mst <instance> port-priority
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.9 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree restricted-role
Syntax: (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree restricted-role
Explanation: Enable restricted role function. If enabled, this causes the port not to be selected as Root Port for the
CIST or any MSTI, even if it has the best spanning tree priority.
Negation: (config-stp-aggr)# no spanning-tree restricted-role
Show: # show spanning-tree
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3.9.41.10 (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree restricted-tcn
Syntax: (config-stp-aggr)# spanning-tree restricted-tcn
Explanation: Enable restricted TCN function. If enabled, this causes the port not to propagate received topology
change notifications and topology changes to other ports.
Negation: (config-stp-aggr)# no spanning-tree restricted-tcn
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.11 (config)# spanning-tree edge bpdu-filter
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree edge bpdu-filter
Explanation: Enable edge BPDU filtering function. The purpose of Port BPDU Filtering is to prevent the switch from
sending BPDU frames on ports that are connected to end devices.
Example: Enable edge BPDU filtering function.
# config t
(config)# spanning-tree edge bpdu-filter
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree edge bpdu-filter
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.12 (config)# spanning-tree edge bpdu-guard
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree edge bpdu-guard
Explanation: Enable edge BPDU guard function. Edge ports generally connect directly to PC, file servers or printers.
Therefore, edge ports are configured to allow rapid transition. Under normal situations, edge ports should not receive
configuration BPDUs. However, if they do, this probably is due to malicious attacks or mis-settings. When edge ports
receive configuration BPDUs, they will be automatically set to non-edge ports and start a new spanning tree
calculation process.
BPDU Guard is therefore used to prevent the device from suffering malicious attacks. With this function enabled,
when edge ports receive configuration BPDUs, STP disables those affected edge ports. After a period of recovery time,
those disabled ports are re-activated.
Example: Enable edge BPDU guard function.
# config t
(config)# spanning-tree edge bpdu-guard
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree edge bpdu-guard
Show: # show spanning-tree
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3.9.41.13 (config)# spanning-tree mode
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree mode { stp | rstp | mstp }
Parameters:
{ stp | rstp | mstp }: Specify one of the STP protocol versions.
Explanation: Configure the desired STP protocol version.
Example: Set the spanning tree mode to MSTP.
# config t
(config)# spanning-tree mode mstp
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree mode
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.14 (config)# spanning-tree mst <instance> priority <prio>
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree mst <instance> priority <prio>
Parameters:
<instance: 0-7>: Specify an instance ID. “0” means CIST. “1-7” means MSTI 1-7.
<prio: 0-61440>: Specify a priority value.
Explanation: Specify an appropriate priority for a MSTI instance. Bridge priority is used in selecting the root device,
root port, and designated port. The device with the highest priority becomes the root device. However, if all devices
have the same priority, the device with the lowest MAC address will then become the root device. Note that lower
numeric values indicate higher priority. The bridge priority plus the MSTI instance number, concatenated with the 6byte MAC address of the switch forms a Bridge Identifier.
Example: Map MST Instance 1 to priority 61440.
# config t
(config)# spanning-tree mst 1 priority 61440
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree mst <instance> priority
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.15 (config)# spanning-tree mst <instance> vlan <v_vlan_list>
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree mst <instance> vlan <v_vlan_list>
Parameters:
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<instance: 0-7>: Specify an instance ID. “0” means CIST. “1-7” means MSTI 1-7.
<v_vlan_list>: Specify a list of VLANs for the specified MST instance. Separate VLANs with a comma and use
hyphen to denote a range of VLANs. (Example: 2,5,20-40)
Explanation: Specify VLANs mapped to a certain MSTI. Both a single VLAN and a range of VLANs are allowed.
Example: Map MST Instance 1 to VLAN 90 and VLAN 101-105.
# config t
(config)# spanning-tree mst 1 vlan 90,101-105
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree mst <instance> vlan
3.9.41.16 (config)# spanning-tree mst forward-time
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree mst forward-time <fwdtime>
Parameters:
<fwdtime: 4-30>: Specify forward delay value between 4 and 30 (seconds).
Explanation: Fort STP bridges, the Forward Delay is the time spent in each Listening and Learning state before the
Forwarding state is entered. This delay occurs when a new bridge comes onto a network.
Example: Set the forward delay to 15 seconds.
# config t
(config)# spanning-tree mst forward-time 15
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree mst forward-time
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.17 (config)# spanning-tree mst max-age
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree mst max-age <maxage> [ forward-time <fwdtime> ]
Parameters:
<maxage: 6-40>: Specify the max age value. The valid range is from 6 to 40.
[ forward-time <fwdtime> ]: Fort STP bridges, the Forward Delay is the time spent in each Listening and Learning
state before the Forwarding state is entered. This delay occurs when a new bridge comes onto a network. Valid
values are 4-30 seconds.
Explanation: If another switch in the spanning tree does not send out a hello packet for a period of time, it is
considered to be disconnected. Valid values are 6 to 40 seconds, and Max Age values must be smaller than or equal to
(Forward Delay-1)*2.
Example: Set the max age to 20 seconds.
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# config t
(config)# spanning-tree mst max-age 20
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree mst max-age
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.18 (config)# spanning-tree mst max-hops
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree mst max-hops <maxhops>
Parameters:
<maxhops>: Specify the maximum hop count value. The valid range is from 6 to 40.
Explanation: The maximum number of hops allowed for MST region before a BPDU is discarded. Each bridge
decrements the hop count by one before passing on the BPDU. When the hop count reaches zero, the BPDU is
discarded. The default hop count is 20. The allowed range is 6-40.
Example: Set the maximum hop count to 20.
# config t
(config)# spanning-tree mst max-hops 20
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree mst max-hops
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.19 (config)# spanning-tree mst name
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree mst name <name> revision <v_0_to_65535>
Parameters:
name <name>: Specify a name for this MSTI. By default, the switch’s MAC address is used. The maximum length
is 32 characters. In order to share spanning trees for MSTI, bridges must have the same configuration name and
revision value.
revision <v_0_to_65535>: Specify a revision number for this MSTI. The allowed range is 0 – 65535.
Explanation: Configure a name and revision number for this MSTI.
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree mst name
Show: # show spanning-tree
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3.9.41.20 (config)# spanning-tree recovery interval
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree recovery interval <interval>
Parameters:
<interval>: The time that has to pass before a port in the error-disabled state can be enabled. The allowed range
is 30 – 86400 (seconds).
Explanation: When enabled, a port that is in the error-disabled state can automatically be enabled after a certain time.
Example: Set the spanning tree recovery interval to 50.
# config t
(config)# spanning-tree recovery interval 50
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree recovery interval
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.21 (config)# spanning-tree transmit hold-count
Syntax: (config)# spanning-tree transmit hold-count <holdcount>
Parameters:
<holdcount:1-10>: Specify the transmit hold-count. The allowed transmit hold count is 1 to 10.
Explanation: The number of BPDU sent by a bridge port per second. When exceeded, transmission of the next BPDU
will be delayed. By default, it is set to 6. The allowed transmit hold count is 1 to 10. Please note that increasing this
value might have a significant impact on CPU utilization and decreasing this value might slow down convergence. It is
recommended to remain Transmit Hold Count to the default setting.
Example: Set the spanning tree transmit hold-count to 6.
# config t
(config)# spanning-tree transmit hold-count 6
Negation: (config)# no spanning-tree transmit hold-count
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.22 (config-if)# spanning-tree
Syntax: (config-if)# spanning-tree
Explanation: Enable Spanning Tree on this interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no spanning-tree
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Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.23 (config-if)# spanning-tree auto-edge
Syntax: (config-if)# spanning-tree auto-edge
Explanation: Enable auto edge function on this interface. When enabled, a port is automatically determined to be at
the edge of the network when it receives no BPDUs.
Negation: (config-if)# no spanning-tree auto-edge
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.24 (config-if)# spanning-tree bpdu-guard
Syntax: (config-if)# spanning-tree bpdu-guard
Explanation: Enable BPDU guard function on this interface. This feature protects ports from receiving BPDUs. It can
prevent loops by shutting down a port when a BPDU is received instead of putting it into the spanning tree discarding
state. If enabled, the port will disable itself upon receiving valid BPDU's.
Negation: (config-if)# no spanning-tree bpdu-guard
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.25 (config-if)# spanning-tree edge
Syntax: (config-if)# spanning-tree edge
Explanation: If an interface is attached to end nodes, you can set it to “Edge”.
Negation: (config-if)# no spanning-tree edge
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.26 (config-if)# spanning-tree link-type
Syntax: (config-if)# spanning-tree link-type { point-to-point | shared | auto }
Explanation: Configure the link type attached to an interface.
Parameters:
{ point-to-point | shared | auto }: Select the link type attached to an interface.
point-to-point: It is a point-to-point connection.
shared: It is a shared medium connection
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auto: The switch automatically determines whether the interface is attached to a point-to-point link or
shared medium.
Negation: (config-if)# no spanning-tree link-type
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.27 (config-if)# spanning-tree mst <instance> cost
Syntax: (config-if)# spanning-tree mst <instance> cost { <cost> | auto }
Explanation: Configure MSTI and its’ path cost value.
Parameters:
mst <instance: 0-15>: Specify MST instance number. Specify “0” to denote CIST. Specify “1-15” to denote MSTI 115.
cost { <cost> | auto }: Specify a Path cost value that is used to determine the best path between devices. Valid
values are 1 to 200000000. If “auto” mode is specified, the system automatically detects the speed and duplex
mode to decide the path cost. Please note that path cost takes precedence over port priority.
Negation: (config-if)# no spanning-tree mst <instance> cost
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.28 (config-if)# spanning-tree mst <instance> port-priority
Syntax: (config-if)# spanning-tree mst <instance> port-priority <prio>
Explanation: Configure MSTI and its’ port priority.
Parameters:
mst <instance: 0-15>: Specify MST instance number. Specify “0” to denote CIST. Specify “1-15” to denote MSTI 115.
port-priority <prio>: Specify a port priority value.
Negation: (config-if)# no spanning-tree mst <instance> port-priority
Show: # show spanning-tree
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3.9.41.29 (config-if)# spanning-tree restricted-role
Syntax: (config-if)# spanning-tree restricted-role
Explanation: Enable restricted role function. If enabled, this causes the port not to be selected as Root Port for the
CIST or any MSTI, even if it has the best spanning tree priority.
Negation: (config-if)# no spanning-tree restricted-role
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.41.30 (config-if)# spanning-tree restricted-tcn
Syntax: (config-if)# spanning-tree restricted-tcn
Explanation: Enable restricted TCN function. If enabled, this causes the port not to propagate received topology
change notifications and topology changes to other ports.
Negation: (config-if)# no spanning-tree restricted-tcn
Show: # show spanning-tree
3.9.42 (config-if)# speed
Syntax: (config-if)# speed { 10g| 1000 | 100 | 10 | twin| auto { [ 10 ] [ 100 ] [ 1000 ] } }
Explanation: Configure port speed for this specific interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no speed
Show: # show interface ( <port_type> [ <v_port_type_list> ] ) status
3.9.43 (config)# switchport
3.9.43.1 (config)# switchport vlan mapping
Syntax: (config)# switchport vlan mapping <group ID> <vlan_list> <translation_vlan>
Explanation: VLAN Translation is especially useful for users who want to translate the original VLAN ID to a new VLAN
ID so as to exchange data across different VLANs and improve VLAN scaling. VLAN translation replaces an incoming CVLAN tag with an S-VLAN tag instead of adding an additional tag. When configuring VLAN Translation, both ends of the
link normally must be able to replace tags appropriately. In other words, both ends must be configured to translate
the C-VLAN tag to S-VLAN tag and S-VLAN tag to C-VLAN tag appropriately in a network. Note that only access ports
support VLAN translation. It is not recommended to configure VLAN Translation on trunk ports.
Parameters:
<group ID: 1-28>: Indicate the Group ID that applies to this translation rule.
<vlan_list>: Indicate the VLAN ID that will be mapped to a new VID.
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<translation_vlan>: Indicate the new VID to which VID of ingress frames will be changed.
Example: Map the group ID 5 with VLAN ID 100 to be translated to 201.
# config t
(config)# switchport vlan mapping 5 100 201
Negation: (config)# no switchport vlan mapping <group> <v_vlan_id_from>
3.9.43.2 (config-if)# switchport access vlan
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport access vlan <pvid>
Explanation: Configure access VLAN ID for this interface.
Parameters:
<pvid>: Indicate the access VLAN ID (PVID) for this interface.
Example: Set the interface 1’s access VLAN ID to 10.
# config t
(config)# interface GigabitEthernet 1/1
(config-if)# switchport access vlan 10
(config-if)#
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport access vlan
Show: # show vlan status
3.9.43.3 (config-if)# switchport forbidden vlan
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport forbidden vlan { add | remove } <vlan_list>
Explanation: Add or remove a port from the forbidden VLAN list.
Parameters:
{ add | remove }: Add or remove this specific interface from the forbidden VLAN list.
<vlan_list>: Specify the VLAN ID.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport access vlan
Show: > show switchport forbidden [ { vlan <vid> } | { name <name> } ]
# show switchport forbidden [ { vlan <vid> } | { name <name> } ]
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3.9.43.4 (config-if)# switchport hybrid acceptable-frame-type
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport hybrid acceptable-frame-type { all | tagged | untagged }
Explanation: Configure the accepted frame types. Available options include “all” (accept all frames), “tagged” (accept
only tagged frames), “untagged” (accept only untagged frames). This parameter affects VLAN ingress processing. If the
port only accepts tagged frames, untagged frames received on the port are discarded. By default, frame type is set to
All.
Parameters:
{ all | tagged | untagged }: Specify the frame type for this interface. Available options include “all” (accept all
frames), “tagged” (accept only tagged frames), “untagged” (accept only untagged frames).
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport hybrid acceptable-frame-type
Show: # show vlan status
3.9.43.5 (config-if)# switchport hybrid allowed vlan
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport hybrid allowed vlan { all | none | [ add | remove | except ] <vlan_list> }
Explanation: Configure allowed VLANs when this interface is in hybrid mode.
Parameters:
{ all | none | [ add | remove | except ] <vlan_list> }: Specify one of the options.
all: All VLANs.
none: No VLANs.
add: Add VLANs to the current list.
remove: Remove VLANs from the current list
except: All VLANs except the following specified in <vlan_list>.
<vlan_list>: Specify the VLAN list.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport hybrid allowed vlan
Show: # show vlan status
3.9.43.6 (config-if)# switchport hybrid egress-tag
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport hybrid egress-tag { none | all [ except-native ] }
Explanation: Determines egress tagging of a port.
Parameters:
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{ none | all [ except-native ] }: Determines egress tagging of a port.
none: All VLANs are untagged.
all: All VLANs are tagged.
all [except-native]: All VLANs except the configured PVID will be tagged.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport hybrid egress-tag
Show: # show vlan status
3.9.43.7 (config-if)# switchport hybrid ingress-filtering
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport hybrid ingress-filtering
Explanation: Enable ingress filtering function on this specific interface. If Ingress Filtering is enabled and the ingress
port is not a member of a VLAN, the frame from the ingress port is discarded. By default, ingress filtering is disabled.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport hybrid ingress-filtering
Show: # show vlan status
3.9.43.8 (config-if)# switchport hybrid native vlan
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport hybrid native vlan <pvid>
Explanation: Configures the VLAN identifier in Hybrid mode for the port. The allowed values are from 1 through 4095.
The default value is 1.
Parameters:
<pvid>: Specify the port VLAN ID for this specific interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport hybrid native vlan
Show: # show vlan status
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3.9.43.9 (config-if)# switchport hybrid port-type
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport hybrid port-type { unaware | c-port | s-port | s-custom-port }
Explanation: Configures the port type in Hybrid mode for the port.
Parameters:
{ unaware | c-port | s-port | s-custom-port }: There are four port types available. Each port type’s ingress and
egress action is described in the following table.
Action
Port Type
Unaware
C-port
S-port
S-custom port
Ingress Action
Egress Action
When a tagged frame is received on a port,
1. If the tagged frame with TPID=0x8100, it
becomes a double-tag frame and is
forwarded.
2. If the TPID of tagged frame is not 0x8100
(ex. 0x88A8), it will be discarded.
When an untagged frame is received on a port,
a tag (PVID) is attached and then forwarded.
When a tagged frame is received on a port,
1. If a tagged frame with TIPID=0x8100, it is
forwarded.
2. If the TPID of tagged frame is not 0x8100
(ex. 0x88A8), it will be discarded.
When an untagged frame is received on a port,
a tag (PVID) is attached and then forwarded.
When a tagged frame is received on a port,
1. If a tagged frame with TPID=0x88A8, it is
forwarded.
2. If the TPID of tagged frame is not 0x88A8
(ex. 0x8810), it will be discarded.
When an untagged frame is received on a port,
a tag (PVID) is attached and then forwarded.
When a tagged frame is received on a port,
1. If a tagged frame with TPID=0x88A8, it is
forwarded.
2. If the TPID of tagged frame is not 0x88A8
(ex. 0x8810), it will be discarded.
When an untagged frame is received on a port,
a tag (PVID) is attached and then forwarded.
The TPID of frame transmitted by
Unaware port will be set to 0x8100.
The final status of the frame after
egressing are also affected by egress
rule.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport hybrid port-type
Show: # show vlan status
3.9.43.10 (config-if)# switchport mode
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport mode { access | trunk | hybrid }
Explanation: Configure VLAN mode for this specific interface.
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The TPID of frame transmitted by Cport will be set to 0x8100.
The TPID of frame transmitted by Sport will be set to 0x88A8
The TIPID of frame transmitted by Scustom-port will be set to an selfcustomized value, which can be set
by the user using the column of
Ethertype for Custom S-ports.
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Parameters:
{ access | trunk | hybrid }: Specify the VLAN mode.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport mode
Show: # show vlan status
3.9.43.11 (config-if)# switchport trunk allowed vlan
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport trunk allowed vlan { all | none | [ add | remove | except ] <vlan_list> }
Explanation: Configure allowed VLANs when this interface is in trunk mode.
Parameters:
{ all | none | [ add | remove | except ] <vlan_list> }: Specify one of the options.
all: All VLANs.
none: No VLANs.
add: Add VLANs to the current list.
remove: Remove VLANs from the current list
except: All VLANs except the following specified in <vlan_list>.
<vlan_list>: Specify the VLAN list.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport trunk allowed vlan
Show: # show vlan status
3.9.43.12 (config-if)# switchport trunk native vlan
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport trunk native vlan <pvid>
Explanation: Configure native VLAN ID in trunk mode for this specific interface.
Parameters:
<pvid>: Specify the port VLAN ID for this specific interface.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport trunk native vlan
Show: # show running-config
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3.9.43.13 (config-if)# switchport trunk vlan tag native
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport trunk vlan tag native
Explanation: Configure this specific interface to tag native VLAN traffic.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport trunk vlan tag native
3.9.43.14 (config-if)# switchport vlan ip-subnet id
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport vlan ip-subnet id <vce_id> <ipv4> vlan <vid>
Explanation: IP Subnet-based VLAN configuration is to map untagged ingress frames to a specific VLAN if the source
address is found in the IP subnet-to-VLAN mapping table. When IP subnet-based VLAN classification is enabled, the
source address of untagged ingress frames are checked against the IP subnet-to-VLAN mapping table. If an entry is
found for that subnet, these frames are assigned to the VLAN indicated in the entry. If no IP subnet is matched, the
untagged frames are classified as belonging to the receiving port’s VLAN ID (PVID).
Parameters:
<vce_id: 1-128>: Specify index of the entry. Valid range is 1~128.
<ipv4>: Specify IP address and subnet mask. The format is xx.xx.xx.xx/mm.mm.mm.mm.
<vid>: Indicate the VLAN ID.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport vlan ip-subnet id <vce_id_list>
Show: # show vlan ip-subnet [ id <subnet_id> ]
3.9.43.15 (config-if)# switchport vlan mac
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport vlan mac <mac_addr> vlan <vid>
Explanation: This command is to set up VLANs based on source MAC addresses. When ingress untagged frames are
received by a port, source MAC address is processed to decide which VLAN these untagged frames belong. When
source MAC addresses does not match the rules created, untagged frames are assigned to the receiving port’s native
VLAN ID (PVID).
Parameters:
<mac_addr>: Indicate the source MAC address. Please note that the source MAC address can only map to one
VLAN ID.
vlan <vid>: Map this MAC address to the associated VLAN ID.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport vlan mac <mac_addr> vlan <vid>
Show: # show vlan mac [ address <mac_addr> ]
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3.9.43.16 (config-if)# switchport vlan mapping
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport vlan mapping <group>
Explanation: Configure group VLAN mapping table for this specific interface.
Parameters:
<group: 1-20>: Indicate the Group ID that applies to this rule.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport vlan mapping
3.9.43.17 (config-if)# switchport vlan protocol group
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport vlan protocol group <grp_id> vlan <vid>
Explanation: Configure VLAN protocol group for this specific interface.
Parameters:
<grp_id: word 16>: Indicate the descriptive name for this entry. This field only allows 16 alphabet characters (a-z;
A-Z) or integers (0-9).
<vid>: Specify the VLAN ID that applies to this rule.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport vlan protocol group <grp_id> vlan <vid>
Show: # show vlan protocol [ eth2 { <etype> | arp | ip | ipx | at } ] [ snap { <oui> | rfc-1042 | snap-8021h } <pid> ] [ llc
<dsap> <ssap> ]
3.9.43.18 (config-if)# switchport voice vlan discovery-protocol
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport voice vlan discovery-protocol { oui | lldp | both }
Explanation: Configure a method for detecting VoIP traffic. By default, OUI is used.
Parameters:
oui: Traffic from VoIP devices is detected by the Organizationally Unique Identifier (OUI) of the source MAC
address. OUI numbers are assigned to manufacturers and form the first three octets of a device MAC address.
MAC address OUI numbers must be configured in the Telephony OUI list so that the switch recognizes the traffic
as being from a VoIP device.
lldp: Use LLDP (IEEE 802.1ab) to discover VoIP devices attached to a port. LLDP checks that the “telephone bit” in
the system capability TLV is turned on or not.
both: Use both OUI table and LLDP to detect VoIP traffic on a port.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport voice vlan discovery-protocol
Show: # show voice vlan [ oui <oui> | interface ( <port_type> [ <port_list> ] ) ]
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3.9.43.19 (config-if)# switchport voice vlan mode
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport voice vlan mode { auto | force | disable }
Explanation: Configure Voice VLAN mode on a per port basis.
Parameters:
auto: Enable the Voice VLAN auto detection mode. When voice (VoIP) traffic is detected on a port, the port will
be added as a tagged member to the Voice VLAN. When Auto mode is selected, you need to further decide a
method for detecting voice traffic in “Discovery Protocol” field, either OUI or LLDP (802.1ab).
force: Enable Voice VLAN feature on a particular port.
disabled: Disable Voice VLAN feature on a particular port.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport voice vlan mode
Show: # show voice vlan [ oui <oui> | interface ( <port_type> [ <port_list> ] ) ]
3.9.43.20 (config-if)# switchport voice vlan security
Syntax: (config-if)# switchport voice vlan security
Explanation: Enable security filtering feature on a per port basis. When enabled, any non-VoIP packets received on a
port with Voice VLAN ID will be discarded. VoIP traffic is identified by source MAC addresses configured in the
telephony OUI list or through LLDP which is used to discover VoIP devices attached to the switch.
Negation: (config-if)# no switchport voice vlan security
Show: # show voice vlan [ oui <oui> | interface ( <port_type> [ <port_list> ] ) ]
3.9.44 (config)# tacacs-server
3.9.44.1 (config)# tacacs-server timeout
Syntax: (config)# tacacs-server timeout <seconds>
Explanation: The time the switch waits for a reply from a TACACS+ server before it retransmits the request.
Parameters:
<seconds:1-1000>: Specify a value for timeout. The allowed timeout range is between 1 and 1000.
Negation: (config)# no tacacs-server timeout
Show: # show tacacs-server
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3.9.44.2 (config)# tacacs-server deadtime
Syntax: (config)# tacacs-server deadtime <minutes>
Explanation: Deadtime is the period during which the switch will not send new requests to a server that has failed to
respond to a previous request. This will stop the switch from continually trying to contact a server that it has already
determined as dead.
Parameters:
<minutes:1-1440>: Specify a value for tacacs-server deadtime. The allowed deadtime range is between 1 to 1440
minutes.
Negation: (config)# no tacacs-server deadtime
Show: # show tacacs-server
3.9.44.3 (config)# tacacs-server key
Syntax: (config)# tacacs-server key <key>
Explanation: Specify the secret key up to 63 characters. This is shared between a TACACS+ sever and the switch.
Parameters:
<key:1-63>: Specify a shared secret key value.
Negation: (config)# no tacacs-server key
Show: # show tacacs-server
3.9.44.4 (config)# tacacs-server host
Syntax: (config)# tacacs-server host <host_name> [ port <port> ] [ timeout <seconds> ] [ key <key> ]
Explanation: Configure radius server settings.
Parameters:
<host_name>: Specify a hostname or IP address for the TACACS+ server.
[ port <port> ]: Specify the TCP port number to be used on a TACACS+ server for authentication.
[ timeout <seconds> ]: If timeout value is specified here, it will replace the global timeout value. If you prefer to
use the global value, leave this field blank.
[ key <key> ]: If secret key is specified here, it will replace the global secret key. If you prefer to use the global
value, leave this field blank.
Negation: (config)# no tacacs-server host <host_name> [ port <port> ]
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Show: # show tacacs-server
3.9.45 (config)# upnp
3.9.45.1 (config)# upnp
Syntax: (config)# upnp
Explanation: Enable upnp operation.
Example: Enable upnp operation
# config t
(config)# upnp
(config)#
Negation: (config)# no upnp
Show: # show upnp
3.9.45.2 (config)# upnp advertising-duration
Syntax: (config)# upnp advertising-duration <v_100_to_86400>
Parameters:
<v_100_to_86400>: Specify the advertising duration. The allowed range is 100 to 86400 (seconds).
Explanation: This defines how often an UPnP advertisement is sent. The duration is carried in Simple Service Discover
Protocol (SSDP) packets which informs a control point how often it should receive a SSDP advertisement message
from the switch. By default, the advertising duration is set to 100 seconds. However, due to the unreliable nature of
UDP, it is recommended to set to the shorter duration since the shorter the duration, the fresher is UPnP status.
Example: Set the upnp advertising duration to 150 seconds.
# config t
(config)# upnp advertising-duration 150
Negation: (config)# no upnp advertising-duration
Show: # show upnp
3.9.45.3 (config)# upnp ttl
Syntax: (config)# upnp ttl <v_1_to_255>
Parameters:
<v_1_to_255>: Specify the ttl (time to live) value. The allowed range is 1 to 255.
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Explanation: TTL (Time to live) is used to configure how many steps an UPnP advertisement can travel before it
disappears.
Example: Set the upnp ttl value to 10.
# config t
(config)# upnp ttl 10
Negation: (config)# no upnp ttl
Show: # show upnp
3.9.46 (config)# username
3.9.46.1 (config)# username<username>privilege<priv>password encrypted
Syntax: (config)# username <username> privilege <priv> password encrypted <encry_password>
Explanation: By default, there is only one user, 'admin', assigned the highest privilege level of 15. Use this command
to configure a new user account.
Parameters:
username <username: word31>: Specify a new username. The allowed characters are 31.
privilege <priv: 0-15>: Specify the privilege level for this new user account. The allowed range is 1 to 15. If the
privilege level value is 15, it can access all groups, i.e. that is granted the fully control of the device. But other
values need to refer to each group privilege level. User's privilege should be same or greater than the group
privilege level to have the access of that group. By default setting, most groups privilege level 5 has the read-only
access and privilege level 10 has the read-write access. And the system maintenance (software upload, factory
defaults and etc.) need user privilege level 15. Generally, the privilege level 15 can be used for an administrator
account, privilege level 10 for a standard user account and privilege level 5 for a guest account.
password encrypted <encry_password: 4-44>: Specify the encrypted password for this new user account. The
ENCRYPTED (hidden) user password. Notice the ENCRYPTED password will be decoded by system internally. You
cannot directly use it as same as the Plain Text and it is not human-readable text normally.
Example: Create the new user account with the following settings.
# config t
(config)# username mis4jack privilege 15 password encrypted jack30125
Negation: (config)# no username <username>
Show: > show users
# show users
3.9.46.2 (config)# username<username>privilege<priv>password none
Syntax: (config)# username <username> privilege <priv> password none
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Explanation: By default, there is only one user, 'admin', assigned the highest privilege level of 15. Use this command
to configure a new user account without password
Parameters:
username <username: word31>: Specify a new username. The allowed characters are 31.
privilege <priv: 0-15>: Specify the privilege level for this new user account. The allowed range is 1 to 15. If the
privilege level value is 15, it can access all groups, i.e. that is granted the fully control of the device. But other
values need to refer to each group privilege level. User's privilege should be same or greater than the group
privilege level to have the access of that group. By default setting, most groups privilege level 5 has the read-only
access and privilege level 10 has the read-write access. And the system maintenance (software upload, factory
defaults and etc.) need user privilege level 15. Generally, the privilege level 15 can be used for an administrator
account, privilege level 10 for a standard user account and privilege level 5 for a guest account.
password none: No password for this user account.
Example: Create the new user account with the following settings.
# config t
(config)# username mis4jack privilege 15 password none
Negation: (config)# no username <username>
Show: > show users
# show users
3.9.46.3 (config)# username<username>privilege<priv>password unencrypted
Syntax: (config)# username <username> privilege <priv> password unencrypted <password>
Explanation: By default, there is only one user, 'admin', assigned the highest privilege level of 15. Use this command
to configure a new user account with unencrypted password.
Parameters:
username <username: word31>: Specify a new username. The allowed characters are 31.
privilege <priv: 0-15>: Specify the privilege level for this new user account. The allowed range is 1 to 15. If the
privilege level value is 15, it can access all groups, i.e. that is granted the fully control of the device. But other
values need to refer to each group privilege level. User's privilege should be same or greater than the group
privilege level to have the access of that group. By default setting, most groups privilege level 5 has the read-only
access and privilege level 10 has the read-write access. And the system maintenance (software upload, factory
defaults and etc.) need user privilege level 15. Generally, the privilege level 15 can be used for an administrator
account, privilege level 10 for a standard user account and privilege level 5 for a guest account.
password unencrypted <password: line31>: Specify the unencrypted password for this user account. The
UNENCRYPTED (Plain Text) user password. Any printable characters including space is accepted.
Example: Create the new user account with the following settings.
# config t
(config)# username mis4jack privilege 15 password unencrypted jack30125
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Negation: (config)# no username <username>
Show: > show users
# show users
3.9.47 (config)# vlan
3.9.47.1 (config)# vlan
Syntax: (config)# vlan <vlist>
Explanation: Configure allowed VLANs.
Parameters:
<vlist>: This shows the allowed access VLANs. This setting only affects ports set in “Access” mode. Ports in other
modes are members of all VLANs specified in “Allowed VLANs” field. By default, only VLAN 1 is specified. More
allowed access VLANs can be entered by specifying the individual VLAN ID separated by comma. If you want to
specify a range, separate it by a dash. For example, 1, 5,10,12-15,100. Once Enter is pressed, the prompt changes
to (config-vlan)#
Example: Add VID 1,5,10,12-15,100 to the allowed VLAN list.
# config t
(config)# vlan 1,510,12-15,100
(config-vlan)#
Negation: (config)# no vlan { { ethertype s-custom-port } | <vlan_list> }
3.9.47.2 (config)# vlan ethertype s-custom-port
Syntax: (config)# vlan ethertype s-custom-port <etype>
Explanation: Configure ether type used for customer s-ports.
Parameters:
ethertype s-custom-port <etype>: Specify ether type used for customer s-ports. The valid range is 0x0600 to
0xffff.
Example: Set ether type for customer s-port to 0x88a8.
# config t
(config)# vlan ethertype s-custom-port 0x88a8
Negation: (config)# no vlan { { ethertype s-custom-port } | <vlan_list> }
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3.9.47.3 (config)# vlan protocol
Syntax: (config)# vlan protocol { { eth2 { <etype> | arp | ip | ipx | at } } | { snap { <oui> | rfc-1042 | snap-8021h }
<pid> } | { llc <dsap> <ssap> } } group <grp_id>
Explanation: The network devices required to support multiple protocols cannot be easily grouped into a common
VLAN. This may require non-standard devices to pass traffic between different VLANs in order to encompass all the
devices participating in a specific protocol. This kind of configuration deprives users of the basic benefits of VLANs,
including security and easy accessibility.
To avoid these problems, you can configure this switch with protocol-based VLANs that divide the physical network
into logical VLAN groups for each required protocol. When a frame is received at a port, its VLAN membership can
then be determined based on the protocol type being used by the inbound packets.
Parameters:
protocol { { eth2 { <etype> | arp | ip | ipx | at } } | { snap { <oui> | rfc-1042 | snap-8021h } <pid> } | { llc <dsap>
<ssap> } }: There are three frame types available for selection; these are “Ethernet”, “SNAP”, and “LLC”. The value
field will need to be changed accordingly.
eth2 (Ethernet): Ether Type (etype) value. By default, it is set to 0x0800. The range allowed is 0x0600 to
0xffff.
SNAP: This includes OUI (Organizationally Unique Identifier) and PID (Protocol ID) values.
OUI: A value in the format of xx-xx-xx where each pair (xx) in the string is a hexadecimal value in the
ranges of 0x00-0xff.
PID: If the OUI is hexadecimal 000000, the protocol ID is the Ethernet type field value for the protocol
running on top of SNAP. If the OUI is that of a particular organization, the protocol ID is a value
assigned by that organization to the protocol running on top of SNAP. In other words, if value of the
OUI field is 00-00-00, then value of the PID will be etherType (0x0600-0xffff), and if value of the OUI is
other than 00-00-00, then valid value of the PID will be any value from 0x0000 to 0xffff.
LLC (Logical Link Control): This includes DSAP (Destination Service Access Point) and SSAP (Source
Service Access Point) values. By default, the value is 0xff. Valid range is 0x00 to 0xff.
group <grp_id>: Indicate the descriptive name for this entry. This field only allows 16 alphabet characters (az; A-Z) or integers (0-9).
Example: Set VLAN protocol to eth2 0x88a8.
# config t
(config)# vlan protocol eth2 0x88a8 group a12
Negation: (config)# no vlan protocol { { eth2 { <etype> | arp | ip | ipx | at } } | { snap { <oui> | rfc-1042 | snap-8021h }
<pid> } | { llc <dsap> <ssap> } } group <grp_id>
Show: # show vlan protocol [ eth2 { <etype> | arp | ip | ipx | at } ] [ snap { <oui> | rfc-1042 | snap-8021h } <pid> ] [ llc
<dsap> <ssap> ]
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3.9.48 (config)# web privilege group
Syntax: (config)# web privilege group <group_name> level { [ cro <cro> ] [ crw <crw> ] [ sro <sro> ] [ srw <srw> ] }*1
Explanation: Assign web privilege level to the specified group.
Parameters:
group <group_name>: This name identifies the privilege group. Valid words are Aggregation' 'DHCP' 'Dhcp_Client'
'Diagnostics' 'EEE' 'ERPS' 'Green_Ethernet' 'IP2' 'IPMC_Snooping' 'LACP' 'LLDP' 'Loop_Protect' 'MAC_Table' 'MVR'
'Maintenance' 'Mirroring' 'NTP' 'POE' 'PTP' 'Ports' 'Private_VLANs' 'QoS' 'RPC' 'SMTP' 'Security'
'Smart_Config' 'Spanning_Tree' 'System' 'Timer' 'UPnP' 'VCL' 'VLAN_Translation' 'VLANs' 'XXRP' 'u-Ring'
level { [ cro <cro: 0-15> ] [ crw <crw: 0-15> ] [ sro <sro: 0-15> ] [ srw <srw: 0-15> ] }*1: Every group has an
authorization Privilege level for the following sub groups:
cro (configuration read-only): The privilege level is 1 to 15.
crw (configuration/execute read-write): The privilege level is 1 to 15.
sro (status/statistics read-only): The privilege level is 1 to 15.
srw (status/statistics read-write): The privilege level is 1 to 15.
User Privilege should be the same or greater than the authorization Privilege level to have access to that group.
Example: Assign Aggregation group to crw (configuration/excute read-write) level 15.
# config t
(config)# web privilege group aggregation level crw 15
(config)# exit
# show web privilege group level
Group Name
Privilege Level
CRO CRW SRO SRW
-------------------------------- --- --- --- --Aggregation
5 15
5 10
DHCP
5 10
5 10
Dhcp_Client
5 10
5 10
Diagnostics
5 10
5 10
EEE
5 10
5 10
ERPS
5 10
5 10
Green_Ethernet
5 10
5 10
IP2
5 10
5 10
IPMC_Snooping
5 10
5 10
LACP
5 10
5 10
LLDP
5 10
5 10
Loop_Protect
5 10
5 10
MAC_Table
5 10
5 10
Maintenance
15 15 15 15
Mirroring
5 10
5 10
MVR
5 10
5 10
NTP
5 10
5 10
POE
5 10
5 10
Ports
5 10
1 10
-- more --, next page: Space, continue: g, quit: ^C
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Negation: (config)# no web privilege group <group_name> level
Show: > show web privilege group <group_name> level
# show web privilege group <group_name> level
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WEB
OPERATION & CONFIGURATION
CHAPTER 4. WEB OPERATION & CONFIGURATION
ICS series provides a wide range of basic and advanced management functions that can help network engineers
to design and implement their own network. The user can manage ICS via the console port or using Web interface. For
the first-time users who want to use the Web interface, it is very important to know how to connect the device
correctly so as to successfully access the device.
4.1 Web Management Interface Connection & Login
ICS series provides one MGMT port on the front panel for accessing Web Management via IP connectivity. For
the first time user, connect one end of RJ-45 cable to the ICS and the other end of RJ-45 cable to your management PC.
Then, open the web browser such as IE, Firefox, etc and input the default IP address 10.1.1.1. Then, a standard login
prompt will appear depending on the type of browser used. The example below is with Firefox browser.
Enter the factory default username “admin” with “no password”. After successfully entering the web based
management, the Port State page will appear.
Web Home Page
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4.2 Icons & Buttons
This switch provides some basic and frequently-used functions as icons on the top of Web management page.
You can use these icons for a quick help or logout.
4.2.1 Port Status
The initial page, when logged in, displays a graphical overview of the port status for all optical ports. For port 1 to
port 24, the "Yellow" colored port indicates a connection with a speed of 1000M; whereas, the “Green” colored port
indicates a connection with a speed of 100M. For port 25 to port 26 or 25 to port 28, the "Amber" colored port
indicates a connection with a speed of 1000M; whereas, the "Blue" colored port indicates a connection speed of 10G.
The status display can be reached by using the left side menu, and return to Monitor>Ports>State.
4.2.2 Refresh
To update the screen, click the "Refresh" button. For automatic updating of the screen, the "Auto-refresh" tick
box may be ticked. The screen will be auto refreshed every 3 seconds.
Unless connected directly on a local LAN, we recommend not using the auto-refresh function as it does generate
a bit of traffic.
4.2.3 Help System
The ICS device has an online "help" system to aid the engineer when setting the parameters of the device. Each
functional setting page is accompanied by a specific "help" for that functional page. The user can display this help
"pop up" at any time by clicking the "help" icon.
4.2.4 Logout
After completing configuration, we recommend logging out of the web GUI. This is easily accomplished by
clicking the logout icon.
After clicking the logout icon, a confirmation screen will be displayed. Click "OK" to finish logging out or click
"Cancel" to return to the web configuration GUI.
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For the remainder of this section, each menu item will be explained one by one, in order as they descend down
the menu screen, starting with the "System" menu.
4.3 Configuration
This section offers explanations for both basic and advanced management functions available in ICS Series. They
are introduced below individually in separate sub-sections.
4.3.1 System
The configurations under the "System" menu include device settings such as IP address, time server, etc.
4.3.1.1 System Information Configuration
The configuration information entered here will be reported in the standard SNMP MIB2 for 'sysContact' (OID
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.4), 'sysName' (OID 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.5) and 'sysLocation' (OID 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.6). Remember to click the “Save”
button after entering the configuration information.
System Contact: Indicate the descriptive contact information. This could be a person’s name, email address or other
descriptions. The allowed string length is 0 – 255 and the allowed content is the ASCII characters from 32 – 126.
System Name: Indicate the hostname for this device. Alphabets (A-Z; a-z), digits (0-9) and minus sign (-) can be used.
However, space characters are not allowed. The first character must be an alphabet character. The first and last
character must not be a minus sign. The allowed string length is 0 – 255.
System Location: Indicate the location of this device. The allowed string length is 0 – 255.
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4.3.1.2 System Information
The system information screen will display the configuration information, the hardware MAC address and version, the
system time, the system "uptime" and the software version and build date.
4.3.1.3 System IP
Setup the IP configuration, interface and routes.
IP Configuration
Mode: The "Mode" pull-down configures whether the IP stack should act as a Host or a Router. In Host mode, IP
traffic between interfaces will not be routed. In Router mode traffic is routed between all interfaces. When
configuring this device for multiple VLANs, the Router mode should be chosen. Router mode is the default mode.
DNS Server: This setting controls the DNS name resolution done by the switch. The following modes are supported:
From any DHCP interfaces: The first DNS server offered from a DHCP lease to a DHCP-enabled interface will be
used.
No DNS server: No DNS server will be used.
Configured: Explicitly provide the IP address of the DNS Server in dotted decimal notation.
From this DHCP interface: Specify from which DHCP-enabled interface a provided DNS server should be
preferred.
DNS Proxy: When DNS proxy is enabled, the system will relay DNS requests to the currently configured DNS server,
and reply as a DNS resolver to the client devices on the network.
IP Interfaces
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Click "Add Interface" to add a new IP interface. A maximum of 128 interfaces is supported.
VLAN: This is the VLAN associated with the IP interface. Only ports in this VLAN will be able to access the IP interface.
This field is only available for input when creating a new interface.
IPv4 DHCP: When this checkbox is enabled, the system will configure the IPv4 address and mask of the interface using
the DHCP protocol. The DHCP client will announce the configured System Name as hostname to provide DNS lookup.
Fallback: The number of seconds for trying to obtain a DHCP lease. After this period expires, a configured IPv4 address
will be used as IPv4 interface address. A value of zero disables fallback mechanism. The DHCP will keep retrying until a
valid lease is obtained when fallback is disabled. Valid value is from 0 to 4294967295.
IPv4 Address: The IPv4 address of the interface is entered in dotted decimal notation. If DHCP is enabled, this field is
not used. The field may also be left blank if IPv4 operation on the interface is not desired.
IPv4 Mask: The IPv4 network mask is entered by a number of bits (prefix length). Valid values are between 0 and 30
bits for a IPv4 address. If DHCP is enabled, this field is not used. The field may also be left blank if IPv4 operation on
the interface is not desired.
IPv4 Current Lease: For DHCP interfaces with an active lease, this column shows the current interface address, as
provided by the DHCP server.
IPv6 Address: A IPv6 address is a 128-bit record represented as eight fields of up to four hexadecimal digits with a
colon separating each field (:). For example, fe80::215:c5ff:fe03:4dc7. The symbol :: is a special syntax that can be
used as a shorthand way of representing multiple 16-bit groups of contiguous zeros; but it can appear only once. It can
also represent a legally valid IPv4 address. For example, ::192.1.2.34. The field may be left blank if IPv6 operation on
the interface is not desired.
IPv6 Mask: The IPv6 network mask is entered by a number of bits (prefix length). Valid values are between 1 and 128
bits for an IPv6 address. The field may be left blank if IPv6 operation on the interface is not desired.
IP Routes
Route Network: The IP route is the destination IP network or host address of this route. Valid format is dotted decimal
notation or a valid IPv6 notation. A default route can use the value 0.0.0.0 or for IPv6 use the :: notation.
Route Mask: The route mask is a destination IP network or host mask, in number of bits (prefix length). It defines how
much of a network address that must match, in order to qualify for this route. Valid values are between 0 and 32 bits
respectively 128 for IPv6 routes. Only a default route will have a mask length of 0 (as it will match anything).
Gateway: This is the IP address of the gateway. Valid format is dotted decimal notation or a valid IPv6 notation.
Gateway and Network must be of the same type.
Next Hop VLAN: This field is only for IPv6 and is the VLAN ID (VID) of the specific IPv6 interface associated with the
gateway. The VID can range from 1 to 4096 and will be effective when the corresponding IPv6 interface is valid. If the
IPv6 gateway address is link-local, you must specify the next hop VLAN for the gateway. If it is not link-local, they
system ignores the next hop VLAN for the gateway.
4.3.1.4 System IP Status
Display the status of IP interfaces and routes.
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Please refer to “System IP” for the configuration of the interfaces and routes. This page is informational only.
4.3.1.5 System NTP
Setup the Network Time Protocol configuration, to synchronize this device’s clock to network time.
Mode: Configure the NTP mode operation. Possible modes are:
Enabled: Enable NTP client mode operation.
Disabled: Disable NTP client mode operation.
Server #: Enter the IPv4 or IPv6 address of an NTP server. IPv6 address is in 128-bit records represented as eight fields
of up to four hexadecimal digits with a colon separating each field (:). For example, 'fe80::215:c5ff:fe03:4dc7'. The
symbol '::' is a special syntax that can be used as a shorthand way of representing multiple 16-bit groups of contiguous
zeros; but it can appear only once. NTP servers can also be represented by a legally valid IPv4 address. For example,
'::192.1.2.34'. The NTP servers are tried in numeric order. If 'Server 1' is unavailable, the NTP client will try to contact
'Server 2'.
4.3.1.6 System Time
Setup the device time.
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The setting example above is for Eastern Standard Time in the United States. Daylight savings time starts on the
second Sunday in March at 2:00AM. Daylight savings ends on the first Sunday in November at 2:00AM. The daylight
savings time offset is 60 minutes (1 hour).
Time Zone Configuration
Time Zone: Lists various Time Zones worldwide. Select appropriate Time Zone from the drop down and click Save to
set.
Acronym: Set the acronym of the time zone.
Daylight Saving Time Configuration
Daylight Saving Time: This is used to set the clock forward or backward according to the configurations set below for a
defined Daylight Saving Time duration. Select “Disable” to disable the Daylight Saving Time configuration. Select
“Recurring” and configure the Daylight Saving Time duration to repeat the configuration every year. Select “NonRecurring” and configure the Daylight Saving Time duration for single time configuration. (Default is Disabled)
Recurring & Non-Recurring Configurations:
Start time settings: Select the starting week, day, month, year, hours, and minutes.
End time settings: Select he ending week, day, month, year, hours, and minutes.
Offset settings: Enter the number of minutes to add during Daylight Saving Time. The allowed range is 1 to 1440.
4.3.1.7 System Log Configuration
Configure System Log on this page.
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Server Mode: This sets the server mode operation. When the mode of operation is enabled, the syslog message will
send out to syslog server (at the server address). The syslog protocol is based on UDP communication and received on
UDP port 514. Syslog server will not send acknowledgments back to the sender since UDP is a connectionless protocol
and it does not provide acknowledgments. The syslog packet will always send out, even if the syslog server does not
exist. When the mode of operation is disabled, no syslog packets are sent out.
Server Address: This sets the IPv4 host address of syslog server. If the switch provides DNS feature, it also can be a
host name.
Syslog Level: This sets what kind of messages will send to syslog server. Possible levels are:
Info: Send information, warnings and errors.
Warning: Send warnings and errors.
Error: Send errors only.
4.3.1.8 System Log Information
Displays the collected log information.
Level: Use this pull down to display all messages or messages of type info, warning or error.
Clear Level: Use this pull down to clear selected message types from the log.
Browsing buttons: Use these buttons to quickly go to the beginning or end of the log or to page through the log.
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4.3.1.9 System Detailed Log
Displays individual log records.
View each log, by ID number.
4.3.1.10 Power
This screen page displays the current state of the built-in power. If there is something wrong with power modules,
error messages will be displayed here.
4.3.1.11 System CPU Load
This page displays the CPU load, using an SVG graph.
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The load is measured as averaged over the last 100ms, 1sec and 10 seconds intervals. The last 120 samples are
graphed, and the last numbers are displayed as text as well. In order to display the SVG graph, your browser must
support the SVG format. Automatic refresh occurs every 3 seconds.
4.3.1.12 System SMTP
Configure the email alert system.
SMTP Configuration
SMTP Mode: Set the SMTP mode operation. Possible modes are:
Enabled: Enable SMTP client mode operation.
Disabled: Disable SMTP client mode operation.
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SMTP Server: Set the SMTP server IP address (this is the server that will forward email).
SMTP Port: Set the SMTP port number. The default SMTP port is 25.
Server requires authentication: Check this box if your server requires authentication. In most cases, this is required
and the following must be entered.
Username: Enter the valid authentication username for SMTP server
Password: Enter the authentication password for username of SMTP server
Recipient mail address: Up to four recipient's E-mail addresses may be entered to be sent alert emails.
SMTP Mail Event
These check boxes select what events will result in alert email messages being generated and sent.
System: Enable/disable the System group's mail events. Possible mail events are:
Warm Start: Enable/disable Warm Start mail event.
Cold Start: Enable/disable Cold Start mail event.
Power: Enable/disable the Power group's mail events. Possible mail events are:
Power 1 Status: Enable/disable Power 1 status mail event.
Power 2 Status: Enable/disable Power 2 status mail event.
Interface: Enable/disable the Interface group's mail events. Possible mail events are:
Port Link Up: Enable/disable Port Link up mail event.
Port Link Down: Enable/disable Port Link down mail event.
PoE Status: Enable/disable PoE Status mail event.
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4.3.2 Ports
Configurations related to the fiber and electrical ports are performed under the Ports menu.
4.3.2.1 Configuration
This page displays current port configurations and allows some configuration here.
Port: This device is a L2 carrier Ethernet access switch with 20 SFP ports (numbered 1 to 20), 4 combo ports
(numbered 21~24) and 4 or 2 SFP-based uplink ports (numbered 25~28 or 25~26). Each logical port number is
displayed in a row. The select all "*" port will apply actions on all ports.
Link: The current link state for each port is displayed graphically. Green indicates the link is up and red is down.
Current Speed: This column provides the current link speed of each port.
Configured Speed: This pull down selects any available link speed for the given switch port. Only speeds supported by
the specific port are shown.
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Options for Port 1~20
Options for Port 21~24
Options for Port 25~26 or 25~28
Disabled: Disables the switch port operation.
Twin Rate Fiber: When this option is selected, the device will automatically detect the slide-in SFP transceiver’s
speed and choose the most appropriate speed (either 100M or 1000M) for this port.
Auto: Port auto negotiating speed with the link partner, selecting the highest speed that is compatible with the
link partner.
100Mbps FDX: Forces the port to 100Mbps full duplex mode.
1Gbps FDX: Forces the port to 1Gbps full duplex mode.
10Gbps FDX: Forces the fiber port to 10Gbps full duplex mode.
Auto Media Select (AMS) is used for dual media ports (ports supporting both copper and fiber SFP cables). AMS
automatically determines if a SFP or copper cable is inserted and switches to the corresponding media. If both
SFP and copper cables are inserted, the port will select the preferred media.
SFP_Auto_AMS: Automatically determines the speed of the SFP. Note: There is no standardized way to do SFP
auto detect, so here it is done by reading the SFP rom. Due to the missing standardized way of doing SFP auto
detect some SFPs might not be detectable. The port is set in AMS mode with SFP preferred.
100-FX_AMS: Port in AMS mode with SFP preferred. SFP port in 100-FX speed. Copper port in Auto mode.
1000-X_AMS: Port in AMS mode with SFP preferred. SFP port in 1000-X speed. Copper port in Auto mode.
100-FX: SFP port in 100-FX speed. Copper port is disabled
1000-X: SFP port in 1000-X speed. Copper port is disabled.
Maximum Frame Size: Enter the maximum frame size allowed for the switch port, including FCS. This switch supports
up to 10056 byte packets.
Alias Name: Specify an alternate and descriptive name for a given port. By convention, this is the node's fully-qualified
domain name. A domain name is a text string drawn from the alphabet (A-Z; a-z), digits (0-9), minus sign (-). No space
characters are permitted as part of a name. The allowed string length is 0 to 40.
Excessive Collision Mode: This setting configures the port transmit collision behavior to either "Discard" (Discard
frame after 16 collisions - default) or to "Restart" (Restart backoff algorithm after 16 collisions).
4.3.2.2 Ports State
Display an overview graphic of the switch.
This is the same graphic overview shown when first logging into the switch for management. "Black" ports have no
link. "Green" colored ports indicate a 100M linked state, while "Amber" colored ports indicate a 1G linked state. For
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port 25~28, "Blue" colored ports indicate 10G linked state. The link status display can be updated by clicking the
"Refresh" button. When "Auto-refresh" is checked, the display will be updated every 3 seconds.
4.3.2.3 Ports Traffic Overview
Displays a comprehensive overview of traffic on all ports.
The displayed counters are:
Port: The logical port (1~29) for the data contained in the same row.
Packets: The number of received and transmitted packets per port.
Bytes: The number of received and transmitted bytes per port.
Errors: The number of frames received in error and the number of incomplete transmissions per port.
Drops: The number of frames discarded due to ingress or egress congestion.
Filtered: The number of received frames filtered by the forwarding process.
The counter display can be updated by clicking the "Refresh" button. When "Auto-refresh" is checked, the display will
be updated every 3 seconds. Clicking the "Clear" button will zero all counters and start counting again.
4.3.2.4 Ports QoS Statistics
This page provides statistics for the different queues for all switch ports.
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The displayed counters are:
Port: The logical port for the settings contained in the same row.
Qn: There are 8 QoS queues per port. Q0 is the lowest priority queue.
Rx/Tx: The number of received and transmitted packets per queue.
4.3.2.5 Ports QCL Status
This page shows the QCL status by different QCL users.
Each row describes the QCE that is defined. It is a conflict if a specific QCE is not applied to the hardware due to
hardware limitations. The maximum number of QCEs is 256 on each switch.
User: Indicates the QCL user.
QCE#: Indicates the index of QCE.
Frame Type: Indicates the type of frame to look for incoming frames. Possible frame types are:
Any: The QCE will match all frame type.
Ethernet: Only Ethernet frames (with Ether Type 0x600-0xFFFF) are allowed.
LLC: Only (LLC) frames are allowed.
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SNAP: Only (SNAP) frames are allowed.
IPv4: The QCE will match only IPV4 frames.
IPv6: The QCE will match only IPV6 frames.
Port: Indicates the list of ports configured with the QCE.
Action: Indicates the classification action taken on ingress frame if parameters configured are matched with the
frame's content. There are three action fields: Class, DPL and DSCP.
Class: Classified QoS class; if a frame matches the QCE it will be put in the queue.
DPL: Drop Precedence Level; if a frame matches the QCE then DP level will set to value displayed under DPL
column.
DSCP: If a frame matches the QCE then DSCP will be classified with the value displayed under DSCP column.
Conflict: Displays Conflict status of QCL entries. As H/W resources are shared by multiple applications, it may happen
that resources required to add a QCE may not be available. In that case it shows conflict status as 'Yes', otherwise it is
always 'No'. Please note that conflict can be resolved by releasing the H/W resources required to add QCL entry on
pressing 'Resolve Conflict' button.
4.3.2.6 Ports Detailed Statistics
This page provides detailed traffic statistics for a specific switch port. The displayed counters are the totals for receive
and transmit, the size counters for receive and transmit, and the error counters for receive and transmit. Use the port
select pull down to select which switch port details to display.
Receive Total and Transmit Total
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Rx and Tx Packets: The number of received and transmitted (good and bad) packets.
Rx and Tx Octets: The number of received and transmitted (good and bad) bytes. Includes FCS, but excludes
framing bits.
Rx and Tx Unicast: The number of received and transmitted (good and bad) unicast packets.
Rx and Tx Multicast: The number of received and transmitted (good and bad) multicast packets.
Rx and Tx Broadcast: The number of received and transmitted (good and bad) broadcast packets.
Rx and Tx Pause: A count of the MAC Control frames received or transmitted on this port that have an opcode
indicating a PAUSE.
Receive and Transmit Size Counters: Displays the number of received and transmitted (good and bad) packets split
into categories based on their respective frame sizes.
Receive and Transmit Queue Counters: Displays the number of received and transmitted packets per input and
output queue.
Receive Error Counters
Rx Drops: The number of frames dropped due to lack of receive buffers or egress congestion.
Rx CRC/Alignment: The number of frames received with CRC or alignment errors.
1
Rx Undersize: The number of short frames received with valid CRC.
2
Rx Oversize: The number of long frames received with valid CRC.
1
Rx Fragments: The number of short frames received with invalid CRC.
2
Rx Jabber: The number of long frames received with invalid CRC.
Rx Filtered: The number of received frames filtered by the forwarding process.
1
2
Short frames are frames that are smaller than 64 bytes.
Long frames are frames that are longer than the configured maximum frame length for this port.
Transmit Error Counters
Tx Drops: The number of frames dropped due to output buffer congestion.
Tx Late/Exc. Coll.: The number of frames dropped due to excessive or late collisions.
4.3.2.7 Ports SFP
This page displays current SFP status for all three fiber ports.
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Vendor Name: SFP vendor (manufacturer's) name.
Vendor Part: Manufacture's part number, provided by SFP vendor.
Fiber Type: Fiber type of either single or multi mode.
Wave Length: Laser wavelength Tx.
Wave Length 2: Laser wavelength Rx. (not all SFP support this reading)
Link Length: Link Length. (This is a marketing specification for this SFP module, not an actual measurement.)
TX Power: The laser diode transmit power is reported by the SFP that support DDI (Digital Diagnostic monitoring
Interface).
RX Power: The receive optical power is reported by SFP that support DDI.
RX Sensitivity: The Receive Sensitivity is reported by SFP that support DDI.
Temperature: The internal temperature is reported by SFP that support DDI.
4.3.3 Security
Under the security heading are three major icons, switch, network and RADIUS.
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4.3.3.1 Switch
4.3.3.1.1 Users
This page provides an overview of the current users. Currently the only way to login as another user on the web server
is to close and reopen the browser.
By default, there is only one user, 'admin', assigned the highest privilege level of 15.
Click the entries in User Name column to edit the existing users. Or click the “Add New User” button to insert a new
user entry.
Add User
User Name: Enter the new user name.
Password: Enter the password for this user account.
Password (again): Retype the password for this user account.
Privilege Level: Select the appropriate privilege level for this user account. The allowed range is 1 to 15. If the privilege
level value is 15, it can access all groups, i.e. that is granted the fully control of the device. But other values need to
refer to each group privilege level. User's privilege should be same or greater than the group privilege level to have
the access of that group. By default setting, most groups privilege level 5 has the read-only access and privilege level
10 has the read-write access. And the system maintenance (software upload, factory defaults and etc.) need user
privilege level 15. Generally, the privilege level 15 can be used for an administrator account, privilege level 10 for a
standard user account and privilege level 5 for a guest account.
4.3.3.1.2 Privilege Levels
This page provides an overview of the privilege levels.
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Group Name: This name identifies the privilege group. In most cases, a privilege level group consists of a single
module (e.g. LACP, RSTP or QoS), but a few of them contains more than one. The following description defines these
privilege level groups in details:
System: Contact, Name, Location, Timezone, Daylight Saving Time, Log.
Security: Authentication, System Access Management, Port (contains Dot1x port, MAC based and the MAC
Address Limit), ACL, HTTPS, SSH, ARP Inspection, IP source guard.
IP: Everything except 'ping'.
Port: Everything except 'VeriPHY'.
Diagnostics: 'ping' and 'VeriPHY'.
Maintenance: CLI- System Reboot, System Restore Default, System Password, Configuration Save, Configuration
Load and Firmware Load. Web- Users, Privilege Levels and everything in Maintenance.
Privilege Levels: Every group has an authorization Privilege level for the following sub groups:
configuration read-only
configuration/execute read-write
status/statistics read-only
status/statistics read-write (e.g. for clearing of statistics)
User Privilege should be the same or greater than the authorization Privilege level to have access to that group.
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4.3.3.1.3 Auth Method
This page allows you to configure how users are authenticated when they log into the switch via one of the
management client interfaces.
Client: The management client for which the configuration below applies.
Methods: Method can be set to one of the following values:
no: Authentication is disabled and login is not possible.
local: Use the local user database on the switch for authentication.
radius: Use remote RADIUS server(s) for authentication.
tacacs+: Use remote TACACS+ server(s) for authentication.
NOTE: Methods that involve remote servers will time out if the remote servers are offline. In this case the next method
is tried. Each method is tried from left to right and continues until a method either approves or rejects a user. If a
remote server is used for primary authentication it is recommended to configure secondary authentication as 'local'.
This will enable the management client to login via the local user database if none of the configured authentication
servers are alive.
4.3.3.1.4 SSH
Configure SSH on this page.
Mode: Indicates the SSH mode operation. Possible modes are:
Enabled: Enable SSH mode operation. By default, SSH mode operation is enabled.
Disabled: Disable SSH mode operation.
NOTE: SSH is preferred to Telnet, unless the management network is trusted. Telnet passes authentication credentials
in plain text, making those credentials susceptible to packet capture and analysis. SSH provides a secure authentication
method. The SSH in this device uses version 2 of SSH protocol.
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4.3.3.1.5 HTTPS
Configure HTTPS on this page.
Mode: Indicates the HTTPS operation mode. When the current connection is HTTPS and HTTPS mode operation is
disabled, web browser will automatically redirect to an HTTP connection. Possible modes are:
Enabled: Enable HTTPS mode operation.
Disabled: Disable HTTPS mode operation.
Automatic Redirect: Indicates the HTTPS redirect mode operation. It applies only if HTTPS mode "Enabled" is selected.
Automatically redirects HTTP of web browser to an HTTPS connection when both HTTPS mode and Automatic Redirect
are enabled. Possible modes are:
Enabled: Enable HTTPS redirect mode operation.
Disabled: Disable HTTPS redirect mode operation.
4.3.3.1.6 Access Management
4.3.3.1.6.1 Access Management Configuration
Configure the access management table on this page. The maximum number of entries is 16. If the application's type
matches any one of the access management entries, it will be allowed access to the switch.
Mode: Indicates the access management mode operation. Possible modes are:
Enabled: Enable access management mode operation.
Disabled: Disable access management mode operation.
VLAN ID: Indicates the VLAN ID for the access management entry.
Start IP address: Indicates the start IP address for the access management entry.
End IP address: Indicates the end IP address for the access management entry.
HTTP/HTTPS: Checked indicates that the matched host can access the switch from HTTP/HTTPS interface.
SNMP: Checked indicates that the matched host can access the switch from SNMP.
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TELNET/SSH: Indicates that the matched host can access the switch from TELNET/SSH interface.
Click the “Add New Entry” button to insert a new entry to the list.
Click the “Delete” button to remove a newly-inserted entry or select the checkbox to remove a saved entry during the
next save.
Click the “Save” button to save settings or changes.
Click the “Reset” button to restore changed settings to the default settings.
4.3.3.1.6.2 Access Management Statistics
This page provides statistics for access management.
Interface: The interface type through which any remote host can access the switch.
Received Packets: The number of received packets from the interface when access management mode is enabled.
Allowed Packets: The number of allowed packets from the interface when access management mode is enabled.
Discarded Packets: The number of discarded packets from the interface when access management mode is enabled.
4.3.3.1.7 SNMP
4.3.3.1.7.1 SNMP System Configuration
Configure SNMP on this page.
Mode: Indicates the SNMP mode operation. Possible modes are:
Enabled: Enable SNMP mode operation.
Disabled: Disable SNMP mode operation.
Version: Indicates the SNMP supported version. Possible versions are:
SNMP v1: Set SNMP supported version 1.
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SNMP v2c: Set SNMP supported version 2c.
SNMP v3: Set SNMP supported version 3.
Read Community: Indicates the community read access string to permit access to the SNMP agent. The allowed string
length is 0 to 255, and the allowed content is the ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
Write Community: Indicates the community write access string to permit access to the SNMP agent. The allowed
string length is 0 to 255, and the allowed content is the ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E. These two fields are
applicable only for SNMP version v1 or v2c. If SNMP version is v3, the community string will be associated with
SNMPv3 communities table. SNMPv3 provides more flexibility to configure security name than a SNMPv1 or SNMPv2c
community string. In addition to community string, a particular range of source addresses can be used to restrict
source subnet.
Engine ID: Indicates the SNMPv3 engine ID. The string must contain an even number (in hexadecimal format) with
number of digits between 10 and 64, but all-zeros and all-'F's are not allowed. Changes to the Engine ID will clear all
original local users.
Relay Mode: This device provides 3-pin alarm terminal on the front panel. It controls how your alarm circuit works
when alarm situion happen.
Normal: In normal situation, it is normally closed. When alarms occur, it is open.
Reverse: In normal situation, it is normally open. When alarms occur, it is closed.
4.3.3.1.7.2 Alarm Configuration
Configure SNMP trap on this page.
Global Settings
Mode: Globally enable or disable trap function.
Click the “Add New Entry” to insert a SNMP trap entry.
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SNMP Trap Configuration
Trap Config Name: Indicates a descriptive name for this SNMP trap entry.
Trap Mode: Indicates the SNMP trap mode operation.
Enabled: Enable SNMP trap mode operation.
Disabled: Disable SNMP trap mode operation.
Trap Version: Indicates the SNMP trap supported version. Possible versions are:
SNMP v1: Set SNMP trap supported version 1.
SNMP v2c: Set SNMP trap supported version 2c.
SNMP v3: Set SNMP trap supported version 3.
Trap Community: Indicates the community access string when sending SNMP trap packet. The allowed string length is
0 to 255, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
Trap Destination Address: Indicates the SNMP trap destination address. It allows a valid IP address in dotted decimal
notation ('x.y.z.w'). Also allowed is a valid hostname. A valid hostname is a string drawn from the alphabet (A-Z; a-z),
digits (0-9), dot (.) and dash (-). Spaces are not allowed. The first character must be an alpha character, and the first
and last characters cannot be a dot or a dash.
Trap Destination port: Indicates the SNMP trap destination port. SNMP Agent will send SNMP message via this port,
the port range is 1~65535. The default SNMP trap port is 162.
Trap Inform Mode: Indicates the SNMP trap inform mode operation. Possible modes are:
Enabled: Enable SNMP trap inform mode operation.
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Disabled: Disable SNMP trap inform mode operation.
Trap Inform Timeout (seconds): Indicates the SNMP trap inform timeout. The allowed range is 0 to 2147.
Trap Inform Retry Times: Indicates the SNMP trap inform retry times. The allowed range is 0 to 255.
Trap Probe Security Engine ID: Indicates the SNMP trap probe security engine ID mode of operation. Possible values
are:
Enabled: Enable SNMP trap probe security engine ID mode of operation.
Disabled: Disable SNMP trap probe security engine ID mode of operation.
Trap Security Engine ID: Indicates the SNMP trap security engine ID. SNMPv3 sends traps and informs use USM for
authentication and privacy. A unique engine ID for these traps and informs is needed. When "Trap Probe Security
Engine ID" is enabled, the ID will be probed automatically. Otherwise, the ID specified in this field is used. The string
must contain an even number (in hexadecimal format) with number of digits between 10 and 64, but all-zeros and all'F's are not allowed.
Trap Security Name: Indicates the SNMP trap security name. SNMPv3 traps and informs use USM for authentication
and privacy. A unique security name is needed when traps and informs are enabled.
SNMP Trap Event
System: The system trap events include the following.
Warm Start: The switch has been rebooted from an already powered on state.
Cold Start: The switch has booted from a powered off or due to power cycling (power failure).
AAA: Authentication, Authorization and Accounting; A trap will be issued at any authentication failure.
Switch: Indicates that the Switch group's traps. Possible traps are:
STP: Select the checkbox to enable STP trap. Clear to disable STP trap.
RMON: Select the checkbox to enable RMON trap. Clear to disable RMON trap.
Power: Indicates the Power group's traps. Possible trap event are:
Power 1 Status: Select the checkbox to enable Power 1 status trap. Clear the checkbox to disable Power 1 status
trap.
Power 2 Status: Select the checkbox to enable Power 2 status trap. Clear the checkbox to disable Power 2 status
trap.
Interface: Indicates the Interface group's traps. Possible traps are:
Link Up: none/specific/all ports Link up trap.
Link Down: none/specific/all ports Link down trap.
LLDP: none/specific/all ports LLDP (Link Layer Discovery Protocol) trap.
When the "specific" radio button is selected, a popup graphic with port checkboxes allows selection specific ports.
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After completing all the trap settings, click the "Save" button.
Alarm Relay
Power: Indicates the Power group's alarm relay. Possible options are:
Power 1 Status: Select the checkbox to enable Power 1 status alarm relay function. Once power 1 fails, the alarm
relay contacts are open and Fault LED indicator is on in amber. Clear the checkbox to disable Power 1 status
alarm relay.
Power 2 Status: Select the checkbox to enable Power 2 status alarm relay function. Once power 2 fails, the alarm
relay contacts are open and Fault LED indicator is on in amber. Clear the checkbox to disable Power 2 status
alarm relay.
Interface: Indicates the Interface group's alarm relay. Possible options are:
Link Down: none/specific/all ports Link down alarm relay. Once link down occurs on the selected interfaces, the
alarm relay contacts are open, Fault LED indicator is on in amber. Clear the checkbox to disable alarm relay
function.
When the "specific" radio button is selected, a popup graphic with port checkboxes allows selection specific ports.
NOTE: For more information about alarm relay circuit on the terminal block, please see Power & Alarm section.
4.3.3.1.7.3 SNMPv3 Community Configuration
Configure SNMPv3 community table on this page. The entry index key is Community.
Delete: Check to delete the entry. It will be deleted during the next save.
Community: Indicates the community access string to permit access to SNMPv3 agent. The allowed string length is 1
to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E. The community string will be treated as security
name and map a SNMPv1 or SNMPv2c community string. This string is case sensitive.
Source IP: Indicates the SNMP access source address. A particular range of source addresses can be used to restrict
source subnet when combined with source mask.
Source Mask: Indicates the SNMP access source address mask.
4.3.3.1.7.4 SNMPv3 User Configuration
Configure SNMPv3 user table on this page. The entry index keys are Engine ID and User Name.
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Engine ID: An octet string identifying the engine ID that this entry should belong to. The string must contain an even
number (in hexadecimal format) with number of digits between 10 and 64, but all-zeros and all-'F's are not allowed.
The SNMPv3 architecture uses the User-based Security Model (USM) for message security and the View-based Access
Control Model (VACM) for access control. For the USM entry, the usmUserEngineID and usmUserName are the entry's
keys. In a simple agent, usmUserEngineID is always that agent's own snmpEngineID value. The value can also take the
value of the snmpEngineID of a remote SNMP engine with which this user can communicate. In other words, if user
engine ID equal system engine ID then it is local user; otherwise it is a remote user.
User Name: A string identifying the user name that this entry should belong to. The allowed string length is 1 to 32,
and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
Security Level: Indicates the security model that this entry should belong to. Possible security models are:
NoAuth, NoPriv: No authentication and no privacy.
Auth, NoPriv: Authentication and no privacy.
Auth, Priv: Authentication and privacy.
The value of security level cannot be modified if entry already exists. That means it must first be ensured that the
value is set correctly.
Authentication Protocol: Indicates the authentication protocol that this entry should belong to. Possible
authentication protocols are:
None: No authentication protocol.
MD5: An optional flag to indicate that this user uses MD5 authentication protocol.
SHA: An optional flag to indicate that this user uses SHA authentication protocol.
The value of security level cannot be modified if entry already exists. That means it must first be ensured that the
value is set correctly.
Authentication Password: A string identifying the authentication password phrase. For MD5 authentication protocol,
the allowed string length is 8 to 32 characters. For SHA authentication protocol, the allowed string length is 8 to 40
characters. The allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
Privacy Protocol: Indicates the privacy protocol that this entry should belong to. Possible privacy protocols are:
None: No privacy protocol.
DES: An optional flag to indicate that this user uses DES authentication protocol.
AES: An optional flag to indicate that this user uses AES authentication protocol.
Privacy Password: A string identifying the privacy password phrase. The allowed string length is 8 to 32, and the
allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
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Click the “Add New Entry” button to insert a new entry to the list.
Click the “Delete” button to remove a newly-inserted entry or select the checkbox to remove a saved entry during the
next save.
Click the “Save” button to save settings or changes.
Click the “Reset” button to restore changed settings to the default settings.
4.3.3.1.7.5 SNMPv3 Group Configuration
Configure SNMPv3 group table on this page. The entry index keys are Security Model and Security Name.
Security Model: Indicates the security model that this entry should belong to. Possible security models are:
v1: Reserved for SNMPv1.
v2c: Reserved for SNMPv2c.
usm: User-based Security Model (USM) for SNMPv3.
Security Name: A string identifying the security name that this entry should belong to. The allowed string length is 1
to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
Group Name: A string identifying the group name that this entry should belong to. The allowed string length is 1 to 32,
and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
4.3.3.1.7.6 SNMPv3 View Configuration
Configure SNMPv3 view table on this page. The entry index keys are View Name and OID Subtree.
View Name: A string identifying the view name that this entry should belong to. The allowed string length is 1 to 32,
and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
View Type: Indicates the view type that this entry should belong to. Possible view types are:
included: An optional flag to indicate that this view subtree should be included.
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excluded: An optional flag to indicate that this view subtree should be excluded. In general, if a view entry's view
type is 'excluded', there should be another view entry existing with view type as 'included' and it's OID subtree
should overstep the 'excluded' view entry.
OID Subtree: The OID defining the root of the subtree to add to the named view. The allowed OID length is 1 to 128.
The allowed string content is digital number or an asterisk(*).
4.3.3.1.7.7 SNMPv3 Access Configuration
Configure SNMPv3 access table on this page. The entry index keys are Group Name, Security Model and Security Level.
Delete: Check to delete the entry. It will be deleted during the next save.
Group Name: A string identifying the group name that this entry should belong to. The allowed string length is 1 to 32,
and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
Security Model: Indicates the security model that this entry should belong to. Possible security models are:
any: Any security model accepted(v1|v2c|usm).
v1: Reserved for SNMPv1.
v2c: Reserved for SNMPv2c.
usm: User-based Security Model (USM) for SNMPv3.
Security Level: Indicates the security level that this entry should belong to. Possible security models are:
NoAuth, NoPriv: No authentication and no privacy.
Auth, NoPriv: Authentication and no privacy.
Auth, Priv: Authentication and privacy.
Read View Name: The name of the MIB view defining the MIB objects for which this request may request the current
values. The allowed string length is 1 to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
Write View Name: The name of the MIB view defining the MIB objects for which this request may potentially set new
values. The allowed string length is 1 to 32, and the allowed content is ASCII characters from 0x21 to 0x7E.
4.3.3.1.8 RMON
4.3.3.1.8.1 RMON Statistics Configuration
Configure RMON Statistics table on this page. The entry index key is ID.
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Delete: Check to delete the entry. It will be deleted during the next save.
ID: Indicates the index of the entry. The range is from 1 to 65535.
Data Source: Indicates the port ID which wants to be monitored.
4.3.3.1.8.2 RMON History Configuration
RMON History Configuration is to collect statistics on a physical interface to monitor network utilization, packet types,
and errors. A RMON historical record can be used to monitor intermittent problems.
ID: Indicates the index of the entry. The range is from 1 to 65535.
Data Source: Indicates the port ID which wants to be monitored.
Interval: Indicates the polling interval. By default, 1800 seconds is specified. The allowed range is 1 - 3600 seconds.
Buckets: The number of buckets requested for this entry. By default, 50 is specified. The allowed range is 1 - 3600.
Buckets Granted: The number of buckets granted.
Click the “Add New Entry” button to insert a new entry to the list.
Click the “Delete” button to remove a newly-inserted entry or select the checkbox to remove a saved entry during the
next save.
Click the “Save” button to save settings or changes.
Click the “Reset” button to restore changed settings to the default settings.
4.3.3.1.8.3 RMON Alarm Configuration
RMON Alarm configuration defines specific criteria that will generate response events. It can be set to test data over
any specified time interval and can monitor absolute or changing values. Alarms can also be set to respond to rising or
falling thresholds.
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ID: Indicates the index of the entry. The range is from 1 to 65535.
Interval: The polling interval for sampling and comparing the rising and falling threshold. The range is from 1to 2^31
seconds.
Variable: The object number of the MIB variable to be sampled. Only variables of the type ifEntry.n.n may be sampled.
Possible variables are InOctets, InUcastPkts, InNUcastPkts, InDiscards, InErrors, InUnknownProtos, OutOctets,
OutUcastPkts, OutNUcastPkts, OutDiscards, OutErrors, and OutQLen.
Sample Type: Test for absolute or relative change in the specified variable.
Absolute: The variable is compared to the thresholds at the end of the sampling period.
Delta: The last sample is subtracted from the current value and the difference is compared to the thresholds.
Value: The statistic value during the last sampling period.
Startup Alarm: Select a method that is used to sample the selected variable and calculate the value to be compared
against the thresholds.
Rising or Falling: Trigger alarm when the first value is larger than the rising threshold or less than the falling
threshold.
Rising: Trigger alarm when the first value is larger than the rising threshold.
Falling: Trigger alarm when the first value is less than the falling threshold.
Rising Threshold: If the current value is greater than the rising threshold and the last sample value is less than this
threshold, then an alarm will be triggered. After a rising event has been generated, another such event will not be
generated until the sampled value has fallen below the rising threshold, reaches the falling threshold, and again
moves back up to the rising threshold. The threshold range is -2147483647 to 2147483647.
Rising Index: Indicates the rising index of an event. The range is 1~65535.
Falling Threshold: If the current value is less than the falling threshold, and the last sample value was greater than this
threshold, then an alarm will be generated. After a falling event has been generated, another such event will not be
generated until the sampled value has risen above the falling threshold, reaches the rising threshold, and again moves
back down to the failing threshold. (Range: -2147483647 to 2147483647)
Falling Index: Indicates the falling index of an event. The range is 1~65535.
Click the “Add New Entry” button to insert a new entry to the list.
Click the “Delete” button to remove a newly-inserted entry or select the checkbox to remove a saved entry during the
next save.
Click the “Save” button to save settings or changes.
Click the “Reset” button to restore changed settings to the default settings.
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4.3.3.1.8.4 RMON Event Configuration
RMON Event Configuration page is used to set an action taken when an alarm is triggered.
Delete: Check to delete the entry. It will be deleted during the next save.
ID: Specify an ID index. The range is 1~65535.
Desc: Enter a descriptive comment for this entry.
Type: Select an event type that will take when an alarm is triggered.
None: No event is generated.
Log: When the event is triggered, a RMON log entry will be generated.
snmptrap: Sends a trap message to all configured trap managers.
logandtrap: Logs an event and sends a trap message.
Community: A password-like community string sent with the trap. Although the community string can be set on this
configuration page, it is recommended that it be defined on the SNMP trap configuration page prior to configuring it
here. The allowed characters are 0~127.
Event Last Time: The value of sysUpTime when an event was last generated for this entry.
4.3.3.1.8.5 RMON Statistics Overview
This RMON statistics overview page shows interface statistics. All values displayed have been accumulated since the
last system reboot and are shown as counts per second. The system will automatically refresh every 60 seconds by
default.
ID: Display an ID index.
Data Source: Port ID to Monitor.
Drop: The total number of dropped packets due to lack of resources.
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Octets: The total number of octets of data received.
Pkts: The total number of packets (including bad packets, broadcast packets) received.
Broadcast: The total number of good packets received that were directed to the broadcast address.
Multicast: The total number of good packets received that were directed to a multicast address.
CRC Errors: The total number of packets received that had a length (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets)
of between 64 and 1518 octets.
Undersize: The total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets.
Oversize: The total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets.
Frag.: The number of frames which size is less than 64 octets received with invalid CRC.
Jabb.: The number of frames which size is larger than 64 octets received with invalid CRC.
Coll.: The best estimate of the total number of collisions on this Ethernet segment.
64 Bytes: The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were 64 octets in length.
X~Y (65~127, 128~255, 256~511, 512~1023, 1024~1588): The total number packets received between X and Y octets
in length.
4.3.3.1.8.6 History Overview
History Index: Display Index of History control entry.
Sample Index: Display Index of the data entry associated with the control entry.
Sample Start: The time at which this sample started, expressed in seconds since the switch booted up.
Drop: The total number of dropped packets due to lack of resources.
Octets: The total number of octets of data received.
Pkts: The total number of packets (including bad packets, broadcast packets) received.
Broadcast: The total number of good packets received that were directed to the broadcast address.
Multicast: The total number of good packets received that were directed to a multicast address.
CRC Errors: The total number of packets received that had a length (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets)
of between 64 and 1518 octets.
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Undersize: The total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets.
Oversize: The total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets.
Frag.: The number of frames which size is less than 64 octets received with invalid CRC.
Jabb.: The number of frames which size is larger than 64 octets received with invalid CRC.
Coll.: The best estimate of the total number of collisions on this Ethernet segment.
Utilization: The best estimate of the mean physical layer network utilization on this interface during this sampling
interval, in hundredths of a percent.
4.3.3.1.8.7 Alarm Overview
ID: Display an alarm control index.
Interval: Interval in seconds for sampling and comparing the rising and falling threshold.
Variable: MIB object that is used to be sampled.
Sample Type: The method of sampling the selected variable and calculating the value to be compared against the
thresholds.
Value: The value of the statistic during the last sampling period.
Startup Alarm: The alarm that may be triggered when this entry is first set to valid.
Rising Threshold: If the current value is greater than the rising threshold, and the last sample value was less than this
threshold, then an alarm will be generated.
Rising Index: The index of the event to use if an alarm is triggered by monitored variables crossing above the rising
threshold.
Falling Threshold: If the current value is less than the falling threshold, and the last sample value was greater than this
threshold, then an alarm will be generated.
Falling Index: The index of the event to use if an alarm is triggered by monitored variables crossing below the falling
threshold.
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4.3.3.1.8.8 Event Overview
Event Index: Display the event entry index.
Log Index: Display the log entry index.
Log Time: Display Event log time.
Log Description: Display Event description.
4.3.3.2 Network
4.3.3.2.1 Port Security
Port Security Limit Control can restrict the number of users that can access the switch based on users’ MAC address
and VLAN ID on a per port basis. Once the number of users that wants to access the switch exceeds the specified
number, a selected action will be taken immediately.
4.3.3.2.1.1 Limit Control
System Configuration
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Mode: Enable or disable port security limit control globally. If globally disabled, other modules may still use the
underlying functionality, but limit checks and corresponding actions are disabled.
Aging Enabled: If enabled, secured MAC addresses are subject to aging as discussed under Aging Period. With aging
enabled, a timer is started once the end-host gets secured. When the timer expires, the switch starts looking for
frames from the end-host, and if such frames are not seen within the next Aging Period, the end-host is assumed to be
disconnected, and the corresponding resources are freed on the switch.
Aging Period: If Aging Enabled is checked, then the aging period can be set up with the desired value. By default, the
aging period is set to 3600 seconds. The allowed range is 10~10,000,000 second.
Port Configuration
Port: Display the port number. “Port *” rules apply to all ports.
Mode: Enable or disable port security limit control on a per port basis. To make limit control function work, port
security limit control needs to be enabled globally and on a port.
Limit: The maximum number of MAC addresses that can be secured on this port. The number cannot exceed 1024. If
the limit is exceeded, the corresponding action is taken.
Action: If the limit is exceeded, the selected action will take effect.
None: Do not allow more than the specified limit of MAC addresses to access on a port. No action is further taken.
Trap: If Limit + 1 MAC addresses are seen on the port, send an SNMP trap. If Aging is disabled, only one SNMP
trap will be sent, but with Aging enabled, new SNMP traps will be sent every time the limit is exceeded.
Shutdown: If Limit + 1 MAC addresses is seen on the port, shut down the port. This implies that all secured MAC
addresses will be removed from the port, and no new addresses will be learned. Even if the link is physically
disconnected and reconnected on the port (by disconnecting the cable), the port will remain shut down. There
are three ways to re-open the port:
* Boot the switch
* Disable and re-enable Limit Control on the port or the switch
* Click the “Reopen” button
Trap & Shutdown: If Limit + 1 MAC addresses is seen on the port, both the “Trap” and the “Shutdown” actions
described above will be taken.
State: Display the current state of the port from the port security limit control's point of view. The displayed state
might be one of the following:
Disabled: Limit control is either globally disabled or disabled on a port.
Ready: The limit is not reached yet.
Limit Reached: The limit is reached on a port. This state can only be shown if Action is set to None or Trap.
Shutdown: The port is shut down by the Limit Control module. This state can only be shown if Action is set to
Shutdown or Trap & Shutdown.
Re-open Button: If a port is shut down by this module, you may reopen it by clicking this button, which will only be
enabled if this is the case. For other methods, refer to Shutdown in the Action section. Note that clicking the Reopen
button causes the page to be refreshed, so non-committed changes will be lost.
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4.3.3.2.1.2 Switch Status
User Module Legend
User Module Name: The full name of a module that may request Port Security services.
Abbr: This column is the abbreviation for the user module used in the “Users” column in the “Port Status”.
Port Status
Port: Port number. Click a particular port number to see its port status.
Users: Each of the user modules has a column that shows whether that module has enabled Port Security or not. A '-'
means that the corresponding user module is not enabled, whereas a letter indicates that the user module
abbreviated by that letter has enabled port security.
State: This shows the current status of a port. It can be one of the following states:
Disabled: No user modules are currently using the Port Security service.
Ready: The Port Security service is in use by at least one user module, and is awaiting frames from unknown MAC
addresses to arrive.
Limit Reached: The Port Security service is enabled by at least the Limit Control user module, and that module
has indicated that the limit is reached and no more MAC addresses should be taken in.
Shutdown: The Port Security service is enabled by at least the Limit Control user module and that module has
indicated that the limit is exceeded. No MAC addresses can be learned on the port until it is administratively reopened on the Limit Control configuration page.
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MAC Count (Current/Limit): The two columns indicate the number of currently learned MAC addresses (forwarding as
well as blocked) and the maximum number of MAC addresses that can be learned on the port, respectively. If no user
modules are enabled on the port, the Current column will show a dash (-). If the Limit Control user module is not
enabled on the port, the Limit column will show a dash (-).
4.3.3.2.1.3 Port Statistics
This page shows MAC addresses learned on a particular port.
MAC Address: When “Port Security Limit Control” is enabled globally and on a port, MAC addresses learned on a port
show in here.
VLAN ID: Display VLAN ID that is seen on this port.
State: Display whether the corresponding MAC address is forwarding or blocked. In the blocked state, it will not be
allowed to transmit or receive traffic.
Time of Addition: Display the date and time when this MAC address was seen on the port.
Age/Hold: If at least one user module has decided to block this MAC address, it will stay in the blocked state until the
hold time (measured in seconds) expires. If all user modules have decided to allow this MAC address to forward, and
aging is enabled, the Port Security module will periodically check that this MAC address is still forwarding traffic. If the
age period (measured in seconds) expires and no frames have been seen, the MAC address will be removed from the
MAC table. Otherwise a new age period will begin. If aging is disabled or a user module has decided to hold the MAC
address indefinitely, a dash (-) will be shown.
4.3.3.2.2 NAS
Network Access Server configuration is useful to the networking environment that wants to authenticate clients
(supplicants) before they can access resources on the protected network. To effectively control access to unknown
clients, 802.1X defined by IEEE provides a port-based authentication procedure that can prevent unauthorized access
to a network by requiring users to first submit credentials for authentication purposes.
A switch interconnecting clients and radius server usually acts as an authenticator and uses EAPOL (Extensible
Authentication Protocol over LANs) to exchange authentication protocol messages with clients and a remote RADIUS
authentication server to verify user identity and user’s access right. This section is for setting up authenticator’s
configurations either on the system or on a per port basis. To configure backend server, please go to RADIUS
configuration page.
4.3.3.2.2.1 Configuration
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System Configuration
Mode: Enable 802.1X and MAC-based authentication globally on the switch. If globally disabled, all ports are
allowed to forward frames.
Reauthentication Enabled: Select the checkbox to set clients to be re-authenticated after an interval set in
"Reauthentication Period" field. Re-autentication can be used to detect if a new device is attached to a switch port.
Reauthentication Period: Specify the time interval for a connected device to be re-authenticated. By default, the reauthenticated period is set to 3600 seconds. The allowed range is 1~3600 seconds.
EAPOL Timeout: Specify the time that the switch waits for a supplicant response during an authentication session
before transmitting a Request Identify EAPOL packet. By default, it is set to 30 seconds. The allowed range is 1~65535
seconds.
Aging Period: Specify the period that is used to age out a client’s allowed access to the switch via 802.1X and MACbased authentication. The default period is 300 seconds. The allowed range is 10~1000000 seconds.
Hold Time: The time after an EAP Failure indication or RADIUS timeout that a client is not allowed access. This setting
applies to ports running Single 802.1X, Multi 802.1X, or MAC-based authentication. By default, hold time is set to 10
seconds. The allowed range is 10~1000000 seconds.
Radius-Assigned QoS Enabled: Select the checkbox to globally enable RADIUS assigned QoS.
Radius-Assigned VLAN Enabled: RADIUS-assigned VLAN provides a means to centrally control the VLAN on which a
successfully authenticated supplicant is placed on the switch. Incoming traffic will be classified to and switched on the
RADIUS-assigned VLAN. The RADIUS server must be configured to transmit special RADIUS attributes to take
advantage of this feature.
The "RADIUS-Assigned VLAN Enabled" checkbox provides a quick way to globally enable/disable RADIUS-server
assigned VLAN functionality. When checked, the individual ports' ditto setting determines whether RADIUS-assigned
VLAN is enabled on that port. When unchecked, RADIUS-server assigned VLAN is disabled on all ports.
Guest VLAN Enabled: A Guest VLAN is a special VLAN typically with limited network access. When checked, the
individual ports' ditto setting determines whether the port can be moved into Guest VLAN. When unchecked, the
ability to move to the Guest VLAN is disabled on all ports.
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Guest VLAN ID: This VLAN ID is functional only when Guest VLAN is enabled. This is the value that a port’s Port VLAN
ID is set to if a port is moved into the Guest VLAN. The range is 1~4095.
Max. Reauth. Count: The maximum number of times the switch transmits an EAPOL Request Identity frame without
receiving a response before adding a port to the Guest VLAN. The value can only be changed when the Guest VLAN
option is globally enabled. The range is 1~255.
Allow Guest VLAN if EAPOL Seen: The switch remembers if an EAPOL frame has been received on the port for the lifetime of the port. Once the switch considers whether to enter the Guest VLAN, it will first check if this option is enabled
or disabled. If disabled (unchecked; default), the switch will only enter the Guest VLAN if an EAPOL frame has not been
received on the port for the life-time of the port. If enabled (checked), the switch will consider entering the Guest
VLAN even if an EAPOL frame has been received on the port for the life-time of the port. The value can only be
changed if the Guest VLAN option is globally enabled.
Port Configuration
Port: The port number. “Port *” rules apply to all ports.
Admin State: Select the authentication mode on a port. This setting works only when NAS is globally enabled. The
following modes are available:
Force Authorized: In this mode, the switch will send one EAPOL Success frame when the port link comes up, and
any client on the port will be allowed network access without authentication.
Force Unauthorized: In this mode, the switch will send one EAPOL Failure frame when the port link comes up,
and any client on the port will be disallowed network access.
Port-Based 802.1X: This mode requires a dot1x-aware client to be authorized by the authentication server.
Clients that are not dot1x-aware will be denied access.
Single 802.1X: In Single 802.1X, at most one supplicant can get authenticated on the port at a time. Normal
EAPOL frames are used in the communication between the supplicant and the switch. If more than one
supplicant is connected to a port, the one that comes first when the port's link comes up will be the first one
considered. If that supplicant doesn't provide valid credentials within a certain amount of time, another
supplicant will get a chance. Once a supplicant is successfully authenticated, only that supplicant will be allowed
access. This is the most secure of all the supported modes. In this mode, the “Port Security” module is used to
secure a supplicant's MAC address once successfully authenticated.
Multi 802.1X: In Multi 802.1X, one or more supplicants can get authenticated on the same port at the same time.
Each supplicant is authenticated individually and secured in the MAC table using the “Port Security” module.
MAC-based Auth.: Unlike port-based 802.1X, MAC-based authentication do not transmit or receive EAPOL
frames. In MAC-based authentication, the switch acts as the supplicant on behalf of clients. The initial frame (any
kind of frame) sent by a client is snooped by the switch, which in turn uses the client's MAC address as both
username and password in the subsequent EAP exchange with the RADIUS server. The 6-byte MAC address is
converted to a string on the following form "xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx", that is, a dash (-) is used as separator between the
lower-cased hexadecimal digits. The switch only supports the MD5-Challenge authentication method, so the
RADIUS server must be configured accordingly.
RADIUS-Assigned QoS Enabled: Select the checkbox to enable RADIUS-Assigned QoS on a port.
Radius-Assigned VLAN Enabled: Select the checkbox to enable RADIUS-Assigned VLAN on a port.
Guest VLAN Enabled: Select the checkbox to enable Guest VLAN on a port.
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Port State: Display the current state of the port from 802.1X authentication point of view. The possible states are as
follows:
Globally Disabled: 802.1X and MAC-based authentication are globally disabled.
Link Down: 802.1X and MAC-based authentication are enabled but there is no link on a port.
Authorized: The port is forced in authorized mode and the supplicant is successfully authorized.
Unauthorized: The port is forced in unauthorized mode and the supplicant is not successfully authorized by the
RADIUS server.
X Auth/Y Unauth: The port is in a multi-supplicant mode. X clients are authorized and Y are unauthorized.
Restart: Restart client authentication using one of the methods described below. Note that the restart buttons are
only enabled when the switch’s authentication mode is globally enabled (under System Configuration) and the port's
Admin State is an EAPOL-based or MACBased mode. Clicking these buttons will not cause settings changed on the
page to take effect.
Reauthenticate: Schedules reauthentication to whenever the quiet-period of the port runs out (EAPOL-based
authentication). For MAC-based authentication, reauthentication will be attempted immediately. The button only
has effect for successfully authenticated clients on the port and will not cause the clients to get temporarily
unauthorized.
Reinitialize: This forces the reinitialization of the clients on the port and thereby a reauthentication immediately.
The clients will transfer to the unauthorized state while the reauthentication is in progress.
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4.3.3.2.2.2 Switch Status
Port: The port number. Click a port to view the detailed NAS statistics.
Admin State: Display the port’s current administrative state.
Port Status: Display the port state.
Last Source: The source MAC address carried in the most recently received EAPOL frame for EAPOL-based
authentication.
Last ID: The user name (supplicant identity) carried in the most recently received Response Identity EAPOL frame for
EAPOL-based authentication.
QoS Class: Display the QoS class that NAS assigns to the port. This field is left blank if QoS is not set by NAS.
Port VLAN ID: The VLAN ID of the port assigned by NAS. This field is left blank if VLAN ID is not set by NAS.
4.3.3.2.2.3 Port Statistics
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Port State
Admin State: Display the port’s current administrative state.
Port Status: Display the port state.
Receive EAPOL Counters
Total: The number of valid EAPOL frames of any type that has been received by the switch.
Response ID: The number of valid EAPOL Response Identity frames that have been received by the switch.
Responses: The number of valid EAPOL response frames (other than Response Identity frames) that have been
received by the switch.
Start: The number of EAPOL Start frames that have been received by the switch.
Logoff: The number of valid EAPOL Logoff frames that have been received by the switch.
Invalid Type: The number of EAPOL frames that have been received by the switch in which the frame type is not
recognized.
Invalid Length: The number of EAPOL frames that have been received by the switch in which the Packet Body Length
field is invalid.
Transmit EAPOL Counters
Total: The number of EAPOL frames of any type that has been transmitted by the switch.
Request ID: The number of valid EAPOL Request Identity frames that have been received by the switch.
Requests: The number of valid EAPOL request frames (other than Request Identity frames) that have been received by
the switch.
4.3.3.2.3 ACL
ACL is a sequential list established to allow or deny users to access information or perform tasks on the network. In
this switch, users can establish rules applied to port numbers to permit or deny actions or restrict rate limit.
4.3.3.2.3.1 Ports
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Port: The port number.
Policy Id: Assign an ACL policy ID to a particular port. A port can only use one policy ID; however, a policy ID can apply
to many ports. The default ID is 0. The allowed range is 0~255.
Action: Permit or deny a frame based on whether it matches a rule defined in the assigned policy.
Rate Limiter ID: Select a rate limiter ID to apply to a port. Rate Limiter rule can be set up in “Rate Limiters”
configuration page.
Port Redirect: Select a port to which matching frames are redirected.
Mirror: Enable or disable mirroring feature. When enabled, a copy of matched frames will be mirrored to the
destination port specified in “Mirror” configuration page. ACL-based port mirroring set by this parameter and port
mirroring set on the general Mirror Configuration page are implemented independently. To use ACL-based mirroring,
enable the Mirror parameter on the ACL Ports Configuration page. Then open the Mirror Configuration page, set the
“Port to mirror on” field to the required destination port, and leave the “Mode” field Disabled.
Logging: Enable logging of matched frames to the system log. To view log entries, go to System menu and then click
the “System Log Information” option.
Shutdown: This field is to decide whether to shut down a port when matched frames are seen or not.
State: Select a port state.
Enabled: To re-open a port.
Disabled: To close a port.
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Counters: The number of frames that have matched the rules defined in the selected policy.
4.3.3.2.3.2 Rate Limiters
Rate Limiter ID: Display every rate limiter ID.
Rate: Specify the threshold above which packets are dropped. The allowed values are 0~3276700 pps or 1, 100, 200,
300…1000000 kbps.
Unit: Select the unit of measure used in rate.
4.3.3.2.3.3 Access Control List
Access Control List is to establish filtering rules for an ACL policy, for a particular port or for all ports. Rules applied to a
port take effect immediately.
Ingress Port: The ingress port of the access control entry. Select “All” to apply to all ports or select a particular port.
Policy Bitmask: The policy number and bitmask of the ACE.
Frame Type: The type of frame that matches to this rule.
Action: Display the action type, either to permit or deny.
Rate Limiter: Display rate limiter is enabled or disabled when matched frames are found.
Port Redirect: Display port redirect is enabled or disabled.
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Mirror: Display mirror function is enabled or disabled.
Counter: Display the number of frames that have matched any of the rules defined for this ACL.
Click the plus sign to add a new ACE entry.
ACE Configuration
Ingress Port: Select the ingress port of the access control entry. Select “All” to apply an ACL rule to all ports or select a
particular port.
Policy Filter: Select the policy filter type. “Any” means no policy filter is assigned to this rule (or don’t care). Select
“Specific” to filter specific policy with this ACE.
Frame Type: Select a frame type to match. Available frame types include Any, Ethernet, ARP, IPv4. By default, any
frame type is used.
Action: Select the action type, either to permit or deny.
Rate Limiter: Enable or disable the rate limiter when matched frames are found.
Mirror: Enable or disable mirror function.
Logging: Enable or disable logging when a frame is matched.
Shutdown: Enable or disable shutdown a port when a frame is matched.
Counter: Display the number of frames that have matched any of the rules defined for this ACL.
VLAN Parameters
802.1Q Tagged: Select whether or not the frames should be tagged.
VLAN ID Filter: Select the VLAN ID filter for this ACE.
Any: No VLAN ID filter is specified. (Don’t care)
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Specific: Specify a VLAN ID. A frame with the specified VLAN ID matches this ACE rule.
Tag Priority: Select the User Priority value found in the VLAN tag to match this rule.
MAC Parameter
SMAC Filter: The type of source MAC address. Select “Any” to allow all types of source MAC addresses or select
“Specific” to define a source MAC address. (This field is for Any and Ethernet frame type only.)
DMAC Filter: The type of destination MAC address.
Any: To allow all types of destination MAC addresses
MC: Multicast MAC address
BC: Broadcast MAC address
UC: Unicast MAC address
Specific: Use this to self-define a destination MAC address. (This option is for Ethernet frame type only.)
Ethernet Type Parameter
Ether Type Filter: This option can only be used to filter Ethernet II formatted packets. Select “Specific” to define an
Ether Type value.
ARP Parameter
ARP/RARP: Specify the type of ARP packet.
Any: No ARP/RARP opcode flag is specified
ARP: The frame must have ARP/RARP opcode set to ARP,
RARP: The frame must have ARP/RARP opcode set to RARP
Other: The frame has unknown ARP/RARP opcode flag
Request/Reply: Specify whether the packet is an ARP request, reply, or either type.
Any: No ARP/RARP opcode flag is specified
Request: The frame must have ARP Request or RARP Request opcode flag set.
Reply: The frame must have ARP Reply or RARP Reply opcode flag set.
Sender IP Filter: Specify the sender’s IP address.
Any: No sender IP filter is specified.
Host: Specify the sender IP address.
Network: Specify the sender IP address and sender IP mask.
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Target IP Filter: Specify the destination IP address.
Any: No target IP filter is specified.
Host: Specify the target IP address.
Network: Specify the target IP address and target IP mask.
ARP Sender SMAC Match: Select “0” to indicate that the SHA (Sender Hardware Address) field in the ARP/RARP frame
is not equal to source MAC address. Select “1” to indicate that SHA field in the ARP/RARP frame is equal to source
MAC address. Select “Any” to indicate a match and not a match.
RARP Target MAC Match: Select “0” to indicate that the THA (Target Hardware Address) field in the ARP/RARP frame
is not equal to source MAC address. Select “1” to indicate that THA field in the ARP/RARP frame is equal to source
MAC address. Select “Any” to indicate a match and not a match.
IP/Ethernet Length: Select “0” to indicate that HLN (Hardware Address Length) field in the ARP/RARP frame is not
equal to Ethernet (0x6) and the Protocol Address Length field is not equal to IPv4 (0x4). Select “1” to indicate that HLN
(Hardware Address Length) field in the ARP/RARP frame is equal to Ethernet (0x6) and the Protocol Address Length
field is equal to IPv4 (0x4). Select “Any” to indicate a match and not a match.
IP: Select “0” to indicate that Protocol Address Space field in ARP/RARP frame is not equal to IP (0x800). Select “1” to
indicate that Protocol Address Space is equal to IP (0x800). Select “Any” to indicate a match and not a match.
Ethernet: Select “0” to indicate that Hardware Address Space field in ARP/RARP frame is not equal to Ethernet (1).
Select “1” to indicate that Hardware Address Space field is equal to Ethernet (1). Select “Any” to indicate a match and
not a match.
IP Parameters
IP Protocol Filter: Select “Any”, “ICMP”, “UDP”, “TCP”, or “Other” protocol from the pull-down menu for IP Protocol
filtering.
IP TTL: Select “Zero” to indicate that the TTL filed in IPv4 header is 0. If the value in TTL field is not 0, use “Non-Zero”
to indicate that. You can also select “any” to denote the value which is either 0 or not 0.
IP Fragment: Select “Any” to allow any values. “Yes” denotes that IPv4 frames where the MF bit is set or the FRAG
OFFSET field is greater than zero must match this entry. “No” denotes that IPv4 frames where the MF bit is set or the
FRAG OFFSET field is greater than zero must not match this entry.
IP Option: Specify the options flag setting for this rule. Select “Any” to allow any values. “Yes” denotes that IPv4 frames
where the options flag is set must match this entry. “No” denotes that Pv4 frames where the options flag is set must
not match this entry
SIP Filter: Select “Any”, “Host”, or “Network” for source IP filtering. If “Host” is selected, you need to indicate a specific
host IP address. If “Network” is selected, you need to indicate both network address and subnet mask.
SIP Address: Specify a source IP address.
SIP Mask: Specify a source subnet mask.
DIP Filter: Select “Any”, “Host”, or “Network” for destination IP filtering. If “Host” is selected, you need to indicate a
specific host IP address. If “Network” is selected, you need to indicate both network address and subnet mask.
DIP Address: Specify a destination IP address.
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DIP Mask: Specify a destination subnet mask.
IPv6 Parameters
Next Header Filter: Select next header filter option. Available options include ICMP, UDP, TCP, Other.
SIP Filter: Select a source IP filter. “Any” denotes that any SIP filter is allowed. Select “Specific” to enter self-define SIP
filter.
Hop Limit: Select “Any” to allow any values in this field. Select” “0” if IPv6 frames with a hop limit field greater than
zero must not be able to match this entry. “1” denotes that IPv6 frames with a hop limit field greater than zero must
be able to match this entry.
4.3.3.2.3.4 ACL Status
This page shows the ACL status by different ACL users. Each row describes the ACE that is defined. It is a conflict if a
specific ACE is not applied to the hardware due to hardware limitations. The maximum number of ACEs is 256 on each
switch.
User: Display the ACL user.
ACE: Display ACE entry ID.
Frame Type: Display the frame type of the ACE. Possible values are:
Any: The ACE will match any frame type.
EType: The ACE will match Ethernet Type frames. Note that an Ethernet Type based ACE will not get matched
by IP and ARP frames.
ARP: The ACE will match ARP/RARP frames.
IPv4: The ACE will match all IPv4 frames.
IPv4/ICMP: The ACE will match IPv4 frames with ICMP protocol.
IPv4/UDP: The ACE will match IPv4 frames with UDP protocol.
IPv4/TCP: The ACE will match IPv4 frames with TCP protocol.
IPv4/Other: The ACE will match IPv4 frames, which are not ICMP/UDP/TCP.
IPv6: The ACE will match all IPv6 standard frames.
Action: Display the forwarding action of the ACE.
Permit: Frames matching the ACE may be forwarded and learned.
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Deny: Frames matching the ACE may be forwarded and learned.
Filtered: Frames matching the ACE are filtered.
Rate Limiter: Indicates the rate limiter number of the ACE. The allowed range is 1 to 16. When Disabled is displayed,
the rate limiter operation is disabled.
Port Redirect: Indicates the port redirect operation of the ACE. Frames matching the ACE are redirected to the port
number. The allowed values are Disabled or a specific port number. When Disabled is displayed, the port redirect
operation is disabled.
Mirror: Specify the mirror operation of this port. The allowed values are:
Enabled: Frames received on the port are mirrored.
Disabled: Frames received on the port are not mirrored. The default value is "Disabled".
CPU: Forward packet that matched the specific ACE to CPU.
Counter: The counter indicates the number of times the ACE was hit by a frame.
Conflict: Indicate the hardware status of the specific ACE. The specific ACE is not applied to the hardware due to
hardware limitations.
4.3.3.2.4 DHCP
4.3.3.2.4.1 DHCP Server Statistics
Database Counters
Pool: The number of pool that has been configured.
Excluded IP Address: The number of excluded IP address.
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Declined IP Address: The number of declined IP address.
Binding Counters
Automatic Binding: The number of bindings with network-type pools.
Manual Binding: The number of bindings that the network engineer assigns an IP address to a client. In other words,
the pool is of host type.
Expired Binding: The number of bindings that their lease time expired or they are cleared from Automatic or Manual
type bindings.
DHCP Message Received Counters
Discover: The number of DHCP DISCOVER messages received.
Request: The number of DHCP REQUEST messages received.
Decline: The number of DHCP DECLINE messages received.
Release: The number of DHCP RELEASE messages received.
Inform: The number of DHCP INFORM messages received.
DHCP Message Sent Counters
OFFER: The number of DHCP OFFER messages sent.
ACK: The number of DHCP ACK messages sent.
NAK: The number of DHCP NAK messages sent.
4.3.3.2.4.2 DHCP Server Binding IP
IP: The IP address allocated to DHCP client.
Type: The type of binding method. This field can be “Automatic”, “Manual” or “Expired”.
State: The state of binding. Possible states are “Committed”, “Allocated”, or “Expired”.
Pool Name: The pool that generates the binding.
Server ID: The server IP address to create the binding.
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4.3.3.2.4.3 DHCP Server Declined IP
Declined IP: Displays a list of declined IP addresses.
4.3.3.2.4.4 DHCP Server Mode Configuration
Global Mode
Mode: Enable or disable DHCP server mode. When enabled, this device can act as a DHCP server and provide IP
address to clients that request for one.
VLAN Mode
Click “Add VLAN Range” to create a new entry.
VLAN Range: Enter the VLAN Range in which DHCP server is enabled or disabled. The starting VLAIN ID must be
smaller than or equal to the ending VLAN ID. If there is only one VLAN ID, then it can be entered either in starting or
ending VLAN ID field.
Mode: Indicates the operation mode per VLAN.
Enabled: Enable DHCP server per VLAN.
Disabled: Disable DHCP server per VLAN.
NOTE: If you would like to disable DHCP server on an existing VLAN range, then follow the steps below.
1. Add one “Add VLAN Range” entry.
2. Enter the VLAN range that you want to disable.
3. Choose “Disabled” mode.
4. Click “Save” to apply the change.
4.3.3.2.4.5 DHCP Server Excluded IP Configuration
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Click “Add IP Range” to set up IP pool range.
IP Range: Enter the starting and ending IP address that are not allocated to DHCP clients. The starting IP address must
be smaller or equal to the ending IP address. If there is only one excluded IP address, it can be entered either in
starting or ending IP address field. The total Excluded IP address ranges can be supported is 16.
4.3.3.2.4.6 DHCP Server Pool Configuration
Click “Add New Pool” to add a new entry to the list. The maximum entries supported are 640.
Name: Enter the pool name for this entry. All printable characters are supported except white space. Click on the pool
name after save to configure its detailed settings.
Type: Display which type the pool is. The displayed options include Network and Host. If “-“ is displayed, it means this
field has not been defined yet.
IP: Display network number of the DHCP address pool. If “-“ is displayed, it means this field has not been defined yet.
Subnet Mask: Display subnet mask of the DHCP address pool. If “-“ is displayed, it means this field has not been
defined yet.
Lease Time: Display the lease time of the configured pool.
Click on the pool name to configure its detailed settings.
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Pool
Name: Select the pool name that you want to configure from the pull-down menu.
Setting
Pool Name: Display the pool name for this configured entry.
Type: Select the pool type.
Network: The pool defines a pool of IP addresses to service more than one DHCP client.
Host: The pool services for a specific DHCP client identified by client identifier or hardware address.
IP: Specify the network IP of the DHCP address pool.
Subnet Mask: Specify subnet mask of the DHCP address pool.
Lease Time: Specify lease time that a client needs to send requests to the DHCP server for renewed IP address. If all
are 0’s, then it means the lease time is infinite.
Domain Name: Specify the domain name that a client use when resolving hostname via DNS.
Broadcast Address: Specify the broadcast address in use on the client’s subnet.
Default Router: Specify a list of IP addresses for routers on the clients’ subnet.
DNS Server: Specify a list of Domain Name System name servers available to the client.
NTP Server: Specify a list of IP addresses indicating NTP servers available to the client.
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NetBios Node Type: Select NetBIOS node type option to allow Netbios over TCP/IP clients which are configurable to
be configured as described in RFC 1001/1002.
NetBIOS Scope: Specify the NetBIOS over TCP/IP scope parameter for the client as specified in RFC 1001/1002.
NetBIOS Name Server: Specify a list of NBNS name servers listed in order of preference.
NIS Domain Name: Specify the name of the client's NIS domain.
NIS Server: Specify a list of IP addresses indicating NIS servers available to the client.
Client Identifier: Specify client's unique identifier to be used when the pool is the type of host.
Hardware Address: Specify client's hardware (MAC) address to be used when the pool is the type of host.
Client Name: Specify the name of client to be used when the pool is the type of host.
Vendor 1~8 Class Identifier: Specify to be used by DHCP client to optionally identify the vendor type and
configuration of a DHCP client. DHCP server will deliver the corresponding option 43 specific information to the client
that sends option 60 vendor class identifier.
Vendor 1~8 Specific Information: Specify vendor specific information according to option 60 vendor class identifier.
4.3.3.2.4.7 Snooping Configuration
DHCP Snooping allows the switch to protect a network from attacking by other devices or rogue DHCP servers. When
DHCP Snooping is enabled on the switch, it can filter IP traffic on insecure (untrusted) ports that the source addresses
cannot be identified by DHCP Snooping. The addresses assigned to connected clients on insecure ports can be
carefully controlled by either using the dynamic binding registered with DHCP Snooping or using the static binding
configured with IP Source Guard.
DHCP Snooping Configuration
Snooping Mode: Enable or disable DHCP Snooping function globally. When DHCP snooping mode operation is enabled,
the DHCP request messages will be forwarded to trusted ports and only allow reply packets from trusted ports.
Port Mode Configuration
Port: Port number. "Port *" rules apply to all ports.
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Mode: Select the DCHP Snooping port mode. Ports can be set to either “Trusted” or “Untrusted”.
4.3.3.2.4.8 Snooping Table
DHCP clients who obtained the dynamic IP address from the DHCP server will be listed in this table except for local
VLAN interface IP addresses. Items displayed include the following:
MAC Address: Client hardware MAC address.
VLAN ID: VLAN number of the client interface.
Will Expire In: The remaining time the release will be expired.
Source Port: The port number of the client that binds with IP address.
IP Address: Client IP address assigned from the DHCP server.
IP Subnet Mask: Client IP subnet mask.
DHCP Server: The DHCP Server that assigns IP address.
4.3.3.2.4.9 Relay Configuration
Relay Mode: Enable or disable the DHCP relay function.
Relay Server: Enter DHCP server IP address that is used by the switch’s DHCP relay agent.
Relay Information Mode: Enable or disable DHCP Relay option 82 function. Please note that “Relay Mode” must be
enabled before this function is able to take effect.
Relay Information Policy: Select Relay Information policy for DHCP client that includes option 82 information.
Replace: Replace the DHCP client packet information with the switch’s relay information. This is the default
setting.
Keep: Keep the client’s DHCP information.
Drop: Drop the packet when it receives a DHCP message that already contains relay information.
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DHCP Relay Agent Information
Circuit ID Format: Select the appropriate circuit ID format.
Standard: Used for defining the switch port and VLAN ID according to RFC 3046.
TR-101: Used for defining the switch IP, switch port and VLAN ID according to TR-101.
Port Alias: Use the individual values for port Alias.
Remote ID Format: Select the appropriate remote ID format.
None: Sub-option 2 is not used.
MAC Address: Add MAC address to Option 82 information.
Configured: The Remote ID can be user-defined when this option is selected. The maximum length of the
Remote ID is 63.
Subscriber ID
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Format: Select the appropriate Subscriber ID format.
None: Sub-option 6 is not used.
Port Alias: Use the individual values for port Alias on a per port basis.
Configured: Configure the desired Subscriber ID in the “Configuration” field.
Configuration: Specify the desired Subscriber ID. The maximum length of a Subscriber ID is 63.
4.3.3.2.4.10 Relay Statistics
DHCP Relay Statistics
Transmit to Server: The number of packets that are relayed from client to server.
Transmit Error: The number of packets that resulted in errors while being sent to clients.
Receive from Server: The number of packets received from server.
Receive Missing Agent Option: The number of packets received without agent information options.
Receive Missing Circuit ID: The number of packets received with the Circuit ID option missing.
Receive Missing Remote ID: The number of packets received with the Remote ID option missing.
Receive Missing Subscriber ID: The number of packets received with the subscriber ID missing.
Receive Bad Circuit ID: The number of packets whose Circuit ID option did not match known circuit ID.
Receive Bad Remote ID: The number of packets whose Remote ID option did not match known Remote ID.
Receive Bad Subscriber ID: The number of packets whose subscriber ID option did not match known subscriber ID.
Client Statistics
Transmit to Client: The number of relayed packets from server to client.
Transmit Error: The number of packets that resulted in error while being sent to servers.
Receive from Client: The number of received packets from server.
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Receive Agent Option: The number of received packets with relay agent information option.
Replace Agent Option: The number of packets which were replaced with relay agent information option.
Keep Agent Option: The number of packets whose relay agent information was retained.
Drop Agent Option: The number of packets that were dropped which were received with relay agent information.
4.3.3.2.5 IP Source Guard
4.3.3.2.5.1 Configuration
IP Source Guard Configuration
Mode: Enable or disable IP source guard globally.
Translate dynamic to static: Click this button to translate dynamic entries to static ones.
Port Mode Configuration
Port: The port number. “Port *” rules apply to all ports.
Mode: Enable or disable IP source guard on a port. Please note that to make IP source guard work, both global mode
and port mode must be enabled.
Max Dynamic Clients: Select the maximum number of dynamic clients that can be learned on a port. The available
options are 0, 1, 2, unlimited. If the port mode is enabled and the maximum number of dynamic clients is equal 0, the
switch will only forward IP packets that are matched in static entries for a given port.
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4.3.3.2.5.2 Static Table
Port: Select a port to which a static entry is bound.
VLAN ID: Enter VLAN ID that has been configured.
IP Address: Enter a valid IP address.
MAC Address: Enter a valid MAC address.
Click the “Add New Entry” button to insert an entry to the table.
Select the “Delete” checkbox to remove the entry during the next save.
Click the “Save” button to save settings or changes.
Click the “Reset” button to restore settings to default settings or previously configured settings.
4.3.3.2.5.3 Dynamic Table
The Dynamic IP Source Guard table shows entries sorted by port, VLAN ID, IP address and MAC address. By default,
each page displays 20 entries. However, it can display 999 entries by entering the number in “entries per page” input
field.
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4.3.3.2.6 ARP inspection
4.3.3.2.6.1 Port Configuration
ARP Inspection Configuration
Mode: Enable or disable ARP inspection function globally.
Port Mode Configuration
Port: The port number. “Port *” rules apply to all ports.
Mode: Enable or disable ARP Inspection on a port. Please note that to make ARP inspection work, both global mode
and port mode must be enabled.
Check VLAN: Enable or disable check VLAN operation.
Log Type: There are four log types available.
None: Log nothing.
Deny: Log denied entries.
Permit: Log permitted entries.
All: Log all entries.
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4.3.3.2.6.2 VLAN Configuration
VLAN ID: Specify ARP Inspection is enabled on which VLANs. First, you have to enable the port setting on Port mode
configuration web page. Only when both Global Mode and Port Mode on a given port are enabled, ARP Inspection is
enabled on this given port. Second, you can specify which VLAN will be inspected on VLAN mode configuration web
page. The log type also can be configured on per VLAN setting.
Log Type: There are four log types available.
None: Log nothing.
Deny: Log denied entries.
Permit: Log permitted entries.
All: Log all entries.
Click the “Add New Entry” button to insert an entry to the table.
Select the “Delete” checkbox to remove the entry during the next save.
Click the “Save” button to save newly-configured settings or changes.
Click the “Reset” button to restore settings to default settings or previously configured settings.
4.3.3.2.6.3 Static Table
Port: Select a port to which a static entry is bound.
VLAN ID: Specify a configured VLAN ID.
MAC Address: Specify an allowed source MAC address in ARP request packets.
IP Address: Specify an allowed source IP address in ARP request packets.
Click the “Add New Entry” button to insert an entry to the table.
Select the “Delete” checkbox to remove the entry during the next save.
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Click the “Save” button to save newly-configured settings or changes.
Click the “Reset” button to restore settings to default settings or previously configured settings.
4.3.3.2.6.4 Dynamic Table Configuration
Port: The port number of this entry.
VLAN ID: VLAN ID in which the ARP traffic is permitted.
MAC Address: User MAC address of this entry.
IP Address: User IP address of this entry.
Translate to static: Click the button to translate the dynamic entry to static one.
4.3.3.2.6.5 Dynamic Table Status
Port: The port number of this entry.
VLAN ID: VLAN ID in which the ARP traffic is permitted.
MAC Address: User MAC address of this entry.
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4.3.3.3 RADIUS
4.3.3.3.1 Configuration
Global Configuration
Timeout: The time the switch waits for a reply from an authentication server before it retransmits the request.
Retransmit: Specify the number of times to retransmit request packets to an authentication server that does not
respond. If the server does not respond after the last retransmit is sent, the switch considers the authentication server
is dead.
Deadtime: Deadtime is the period during which the switch will not send new requests to a server that has failed to
respond to a previous request. This will stop the switch from continually trying to contact a server that it has already
determined as dead. Setting the Deadtime to a value greater than 0 (zero) will enable this feature, but only if more
than one server has been configured. The allowed deadtime range is between 0 to 1440minutes.
Key: Specify the secret key up to 64 characters. This is shared between the RADIUS sever and the switch.
NAS-IP-Address: The IPv4 address is used as attribute 4 in RADIUS Access-Request packets. If this field is left blank, the
IP address of the outgoing interface is used.
NAS-IPv6-Address: The IPv6 address is used as attribute 95 in RADIUS Access-Request packets. If this field is left blank,
the IP address of the outgoing interface is used.
NAS Identifier: The identifier, up to 256 characters long, is used as attribute 32 in RADIUS Access-Request packets. If
this field is left blank, the NAS-Identifier is not included in the packet.
Sever Configuration
Hostname: The hostname or IP address for the RADIUS server.
Auth Port: The UDP port to be used on the RADIUS server for authentication.
Acct Port: The UDP port to be used on the RADIUS server for accounting.
Timeout: If timeout value is specified here, it will replace the global timeout value. If you prefer to use the global value,
leave this field blank.
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Retransmit: If retransmit value is specified here, it will replace the global retransmit value. If you prefer to use the
global value, leave this field blank.
Key: If secret key is specified here, it will replace the global secret key. If you prefer to use the global value, leave this
field blank.
4.3.3.3.2 RADIUS Overview
#: The number of Authentication & Accounting server. Five Authentication & Accounting servers are supported. Click
on the number to view each server’s details.
IP Address: The configured IP address and UPD port number.
Status: The current state of RADIUS authentication server. Displayed states include the following:
Disabled: This server is disabled.
Not Ready: The server is ready but IP communication is not yet up and running.
Ready: The server is ready and IP communication is not yet up and running. The RADIUS server is ready to accept
access attempts.
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4.3.3.3.3 RADIUS Details
RADIUS Authentication Statistics for Server
Access Accepts: The number of RADIUS Access-Accept packets (valid or invalid) received from the server.
Access Rejects: The number of RADIUS Access-Reject packets (valid or invalid) received from the server.
Access Challenges: The number of RADIUS Access-Challenge packets (valid or invalid) received from the server.
Malformed Access Responses: The number of malformed RADIUS Access-Response packets received from the server.
Malformed packets include packets with an invalid length. Bad authenticators or Message Authenticator attributes or
unknown types are not included as malformed access responses.
Bad Authenticators: The number of RADIUS Access-Response packets containing invalid authenticators or Message
Authenticator attributes received from the server.
Unknown Types: The number of RADIUS packets that were received with unknown types from the server on the
authentication port and dropped.
Packets Dropped: The number of RADIUS packets that were received from the server on the authentication port and
dropped for some other reason.
Access Requests: The number of RADIUS Access-Request packets sent to the server. This does not include
retransmissions.
Access Retransmissions: The number of RADIUS Access-Request packets retransmitted to the RADIUS authentication
server.
Pending Requests: The number of RADIUS Access-Request packets destined for the server that have not yet timed out
or received a response. This variable is incremented when an Access-Request is sent and decremented due to receipt
of an Access-Accept, Access-Reject, Access-Challenge, timeout, or retransmission.
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Timeouts: The number of authentication timeouts to the server. After a timeout, the client may retry to the same
server, send to a different server, or give up. A retry to the same server is counted as a retransmit as well as a timeout.
A send to a different server is counted as a Request as well as a timeout.
IP Address: IP address and UDP port for the authentication server in question.
State: Shows the state of the server. It takes one of the following values:
Disabled: The selected server is disabled.
Not Ready: The server is enabled, but IP communication is not yet up and running.
Ready: The server is enabled, IP communication is up and running, and the RADIUS module is ready to accept
access attempts.
Dead (X seconds left): Access attempts were made to this server, but it did not reply within the configured
timeout. The server has temporarily been disabled, but will get re-enabled when the dead-time expires. The
number of seconds left before this occurs is displayed in parentheses. This state is only reachable when more
than one server is enabled.
Round-Trip Time: The time interval (measured in milliseconds) between the most recent Access-Reply/AccessChallenge and the Access-Request that matched it from the RADIUS authentication server. The granularity of this
measurement is 100 ms. A value of 0 ms indicates that there hasn't been round-trip communication with the server
yet.
RADIUS Accounting Statistics for Server
Responses: The number of RADIUS packets (valid or invalid) received from the server.
Malformed Responses: The number of malformed RADIUS packets received from the server. Malformed packets
include packets with an invalid length. Bad authenticators or unknown types are not included as malformed access
responses.
Bad Authenticators: The number of RADIUS packets containing invalid authenticators received from the server.
Unknown Types: The number of RADIUS packets of unknown types that were received from the server on the
accounting port.
Packets Dropped: The number of RADIUS packets that were received from the server on the accounting port and
dropped for some other reason.
Requests: The number of RADIUS packets sent to the server. This does not include retransmissions.
Retransmissions: The number of RADIUS packets retransmitted to the RADIUS accounting server.
Pending Requests: The number of RADIUS packets destined for the server that have not yet timed out or received a
response. This variable is incremented when a Request is sent and decremented due to receipt of a Response, timeout,
or retransmission.
Timeouts: The number of accounting timeouts to the server. After a timeout, the client may retry to the same server,
send to a different server, or give up. A retry to the same server is counted as a retransmit as well as a timeout. A send
to a different server is counted as a Request as well as a timeout.
IP Address: IP address and UDP port for the accounting server in question.
State: Shows the state of the server. It takes one of the following values:
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Disabled: The selected server is disabled.
Not Ready: The server is enabled, but IP communication is not yet up and running.
Ready: The server is enabled, IP communication is up and running, and the RADIUS module is ready to accept
accounting attempts.
Dead (X seconds left): Accounting attempts were made to this server, but it did not reply within the configured
timeout. The server has temporarily been disabled, but will get re-enabled when the dead-time expires. The
number of seconds left before this occurs is displayed in parentheses. This state is only reachable when more
than one server is enabled.
Round-Trip Time: The time interval (measured in milliseconds) between the most recent Response and the Request
that matched it from the RADIUS accounting server. The granularity of this measurement is 100 ms. A value of 0 ms
indicates that there hasn't been round-trip communication with the server yet.
4.3.3.3.4 TACACS+
Global Configuration
Timeout: The time the switch waits for a reply from a TACACS+ server before it retransmits the request.
Deadtime: Deadtime is the period during which the switch will not send new requests to a server that has failed to
respond to a previous request. This will stop the switch from continually trying to contact a server that it has already
determined as dead. Setting the Deadtime to a value greater than 0 (zero) will enable this feature, but only if more
than one server has been configured. The allowed deadtime range is between 0 to 1440 minutes.
Key: Specify the secret key up to 63 characters. This is shared between a TACACS+ sever and the switch.
Server Configuration
Hostname: The hostname or IP address for a TACACS+ server.
Port: The TCP port number to be used on a TACACS+ server for authentication.
Timeout: If timeout value is specified here, it will replace the global timeout value. If you prefer to use the global value,
leave this field blank.
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Key: If secret key is specified here, it will replace the global secret key. If you prefer to use the global value, leave this
field blank.
4.3.4 Aggregation
Compared with adding cost to install extra cables to increase the redundancy and link speed, link aggregation is a
relatively inexpensive way to set up a high-speed backbone network that transfers much more data than any one
single port or device can deliver. Link aggregation uses multiple ports in parallel to increase the link speed. And there
are two types of aggregation that are available, namely “Static” and “LACP”.
Under the Aggregation heading are two major icons, static and LACP.
4.3.4.1 Static
Aggregation Mode Configuration
Source MAC Address: All traffic from the same Source MAC address is output on the same link in a trunk.
Destination MAC Address: All traffic with the same Destination MAC address is output on the same link in a trunk.
IP Address: All traffic with the same source and destination IP address is output on the same link in a trunk.
TCP/UDP Port Number: All traffic with the same source and destination TCP/UDP port number is output on the same
link in a trunk.
Aggregation Group Configuration
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Group ID: Trunk ID number. “Normal” means that no aggregation is used. 14 aggregation groups are available for use.
Each group contains at least 2 to 8 links (ports). Please note that each port can only be used once in Group ID 1~14.
Port Members: Select ports to belong to a certain trunk.
4.3.4.2 LACP
4.3.4.2.1 LACP Configuration
The Switch supports dynamic Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) which is specified in IEEE 802.3ad. Static
trunks have to be manually configured at both ends of the link. In other words, LACP configured ports can
automatically negotiate a trunked link with LACP configured ports on another devices. You can configure any number
of ports on the Switch as LACP, as long as they are not already configured as part of a static trunk. If ports on other
devices are also configured as LACP, the Switch and the other devices will negotiate a trunk link between them.
Port: The port number.
LACP Enabled: Enable LACP on a switch port.
Key: The “Auto” setting sets the key as appropriate by the physical link speed. Select “Specific” if you want a userdefined key value. The allowed key value range is 1~65535. Ports in an aggregated link group must have the same
LACP port Key. In order to allow a port to join an aggregated group, the port Key must be set to the same value.
Role: The user can select either “Active” or “Passive” role depending on the device’s capability of negotiating and
sending LACP control packets.
Ports that are designated as “Active” are able to process and send LACP control frames. Hence, this allows LACP
compliant devices to negotiate the aggregated like so that the group may be changed dynamically as required. In
order to add or remove ports from the group, at least one of the participating devices must set to “Active” LACP ports.
On the other hand, LACP ports that are set to “Passive” cannot send LACP control frames. In order to allow LACPenabled devices to form a LACP group, one end of the connection must designate as “Passive” LACP ports.
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Timeout: The Timeout controls the period between BPDU transmissions. Fast will transmit LACP packets each second,
while Slow will wait for 30 seconds before sending a LACP packet.
Prio: The priority of the port. The lower number means greater priority. This priority value controls which ports will be
active and which ones will be in a backup role.
4.3.4.2.2 System Status
Aggr ID: Display the aggregation ID associated with the Link Aggregation Group (LAG).
Partner System ID: LAG’s partner system ID (MAC address).
Partner Key: The partner key assigned to this LAG.
Partner Prio: The priority value of the partner.
Last Changed: The time since this LAG changed.
Local Ports: The local ports that are a port of this LAG.
4.3.4.2.3 Port Status
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Port: The port number.
LACP: Show LACP status on a port.
Yes: LACP is enabled and the port link is up.
No: LACP is not enabled or the port link is down.
Backup: The port is in a backup role. When other ports leave LAG group, this port will join LAG.
Key: The aggregation key value on a port.
Aggr ID: Display the aggregation ID active on a port.
Partner System ID: LAG partner’s system ID.
Partner Port: The partner port connected to this local port.
Partner Prio: The priority value of the partner.
4.3.4.2.4 Port Statistics
Port: The port number.
LACP Received: The number of LACP packets received on a port.
LACP Transmitted: The number of LACP packets transmitted by a port
Discarded: The number of unknown and illegal packets that have been discarded on a port.
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4.3.5 Redundancy
Designing redundant paths that can protect networks from unexpected failovers is extremely important in missioncritical networks that need to provide uninterrupted services. However, redundant paths mean that possible loops
may occur in networks and bring down networks eventually if they are not treated carefully. In practice, several loop
protection methods are implemented to ensure that networks function normally without loops and recover as soon as
possible when a point of failure occurs. The most popular ones are STP (802.1d), RSTP (802.1w) and MSTP (802.1s).
For industrial applications, the proprietary u-Ring and ERPS (G.8032) are highly recommended since they can achieve
faster recovery time than any STP protocol.
In this section, the redundancy-related functions will be introduced individually. The functions covered in this section
can be seen from the “Redundancy” menu.
4.3.5.1 u-Ring
u-Ring is a proprietary redundancy technology that supports 250 units in a ring topology and can bring redundant
paths into service within 10 ms when link failures occur. Compared with spanning tree protocol, u-Ring achieves faster
recovery time on the network and is more flexible and scalable in network architecture. u-Ring redundancy
technology can automatically self identifies the ring Master (the user-defined Master is also supported) and then block
a port resided in Master device for backup purposes. Once the disconnection is detected on the network, u-Ring can
bring backup ports back into “forwarding” mode so that the disconnected path can keep contact with the whole
network.
4.3.5.1.1 Configuration
Click “Add New Instance” button to add a new entry.
Instance: The instance number. The total instances supported are 14.
Type: u-Ring supports 3 ring types. They are explained below individually.
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u-Ring: u-Ring type is used in a closed ring topology. All participating devices must support u-Ring redundancy
technology.
Ring A
Figure 1. Single ring
Ring B
Figure 2. Two rings
u-Chain: u-Chain type is used when u-Ring supported devices interconnect to a network or devices that does not
support u-Ring redundancy technology.
Network
u-Chain edge
u-Chain edge
u-Chain
u-Chain
Figure 3. u-Chain ring connects to a network
Sub-Ring: Sub-Ring is used in an open ring and only has one node. In a networking topology, Sub-Ring type must
co-exist with u-Ring type or u-Chain type. No third-party devices are used in this ring type.
u-Ring
Sub-Ring u-Ring
u-Ring Sub-Ring
u-Ring
u-Ring Sub-Ring
u-Ring
u-Ring
u-Ring
Sub-Ring u-Ring
Figure 4. Sub-Ring
Master: The Master is generally used to decide which segment acts as a backup path. The user can manually select the
checkbox to set the device in a ring as a Master. However, if all devices’ Master checkboxes are left unchecked, the uRing protocol will assign one of the devices in the ring as the Master depending on their MAC address. The election
process is explained below in “Determining a Master and blocking a port”.
Port: Select the west and east port from the pull-down menu.
Edge: This field appears only when you select u-Chain type. Select the checkbox to set the selected port as a u-Chain
edge port.
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Determining a Master and blocking a port
Step 1.
Determining
a Master
u-Ring
● Manually select the
Master in a ring.
u-Chain
● Manually select the Master in
a ring.
Sub-Ring
●Manually select the Master in
a ring.
● If several devices are set
to Master, the u-Ring
redundancy protocol
decides the Master in a ring
depending on devices’ MAC
address. The device with the
●The device with a configured
edge port that has the biggest
MAC address is selected as the
Master.
● If several devices are set to
Master, the u-Ring redundancy
protocol decides the Master in
a ring depending on devices’
MAC address. The device with
the biggest MAC address
becomes the Master in a ring.
biggest MAC address
becomes the Master in a
ring.
● If no device in a ring is
set to Master, the u-Ring
redundancy protocol
decides the Master in a ring
depending on devices’ MAC
address. The device with the
biggest MAC address
Step 2.
Blocking a
port
becomes the Master in a
ring.
The port with higher port
number in Master device is
blocked.
● If the Master is mis-assigned
to the device that does not have
an edge, the u-Ring redundancy
protocol will ignore this misconfiguration.
Note: When selecting u-Chain
type, only the devices with an
edge port or edge ports are
eligible to be elected as the
Master.
● The edge port in Master
device is blocked.
● If the Master has two edge
ports, the port with higher port
number is blocked.
Example
4.3.5.1.2 Status
Instance: The instance number.
Type: Display the type of redundancy ring.
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● If no device in a ring is set to
Master, the u-Ring redundancy
protocol decides the Master in
a ring depending on devices’
MAC address. The device with
the biggest MAC address
becomes the Master in a ring.
The port with higher port
number in Master device is
blocked.
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Role: This field can be Master or Slave (paths in Slave device will not be blocked).
East & West Port Number: The configured port number in a instance.
East & West Port State: The current state of the configured port in a ring. The displayed state can be one of the
following:
Forwarding: The path is in normal transmission.
Blocking: The path is blocked and acts as a backup path.
Down: No physical connection.
East & West Port Edge: This field shows whether the configured port is an edge port or not.
Healthy: This field graphically displays the current ring status.
: The path is never ringed.
: The Master is elected and backup path is blocked. The network with a redundant path works normally.
: The physical link or connection in the ring is down. The status of backup path is changed from “blocked” to
“forwarding” status when one of the forwarding paths is down.
4.3.5.2 Loop Protection
Loops sometimes occur in a network due to improper connecting, hardware problem or faulty protocol settings. When
loops are seen in a switched network, they consume switch resources and thus downgrade switch performance. Loop
Protection feature is provided in this switch and can be enabled globally or on a per port basis. Using loop protection
enables the switch to automatically detect loops on a network. Once loops are detected, ports received the loop
protection packet form the switch can be shut down or loopped events can be logged.
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4.3.5.2.1 Configuration
General Settings
Enable Loop Protection: Enable or disable loop protection function.
Transmission Time: The interval between each loop protection PDU sent on each port. Valid values are 1 to 10
seconds.
Shutdown Time: The period for which a port will be kept disabled. Valid values are 0 to 604800 seconds. 0 means that
a port is kept disabled until next device restart.
Port Configuration
Port: List the number of each port. “Port *” settings apply to all ports.
Enable: Enable or disable the selected ports’ loop protection function.
Action: When a loop is detected on a port, the loop protection will immediately take appropriate actions. Actions will
be taken include “Shutdown Port”, “Shutdown Port and Log” or “Log Only”.
Shutdown Port: A loop-detected port is shutdown for a period of time configured in “Shutdown Time”.
Shutdown Port and Log: A loop-detected port is shutdown for a period of time configured in “Shutdown Time”
and the event is logged.
Log Only: The event is logged and the port remains enable.
Tx Mode: Enable or disable a port to actively generate loop protection PDUs or to passively look for looped PDUs.
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4.3.5.2.2 Status
Port: The port number.
Action: Display the configured action that the switch will react when loops occur.
Transmit: Display the configured transmit (Tx) mode.
Loops: The number of loops detected on a port.
Status: The current loop status detected on a port.
Loop: Loops detected on a port or not.
Time of Last Loop: The time of the last loop event detected.
4.3.5.3 Spanning Tree
For some networking services, always-on connections are required to ensure that end users’ online related activities
are not interrupted due to unexpected disconnections. In these circumstances, multiple active paths between
network nodes are established to prevent disconnections from happening. However, multiple paths interconnected
with each other have a high tendency to cause bridge loops that make networks unstable and in worst cases make
networks unusable. For example, the MAC address table used by the switch or bridge can fail, since the same MAC
addresses (and hence the same network hosts) are seen on multiple ports. Second, a broadcast storm occurs. This is
caused by broadcast packets being forwarded in an endless loop between switches. A broadcast storm can consume
all available CPU resources and bandwidth.
To solve problems causing by bridge loops, spanning tree allows a network design to include redundant links to
provide automatic backup paths if an active link fails, without the danger of bridge loops, or the need for manually
enabling/disabling these backup links.
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The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP), defined in the IEEE Standard 802.1s, can create a spanning tree within a mesh
network of connected layer-2 bridges (typically Ethernet switches) and disable the links which are not part of that tree,
leaving a single active path between any two network nodes.
To provide faster spanning tree convergence after a topology change, an evolution of the Spanning Tree Protocol
“Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP)”, is introduced by IEEE 802.1w. RSTP is a refinement of STP; therefore, it shares
most of its basic operation characteristics. This essentially creates a cascading effect away from the root bridge where
each designated bridge proposes to its neighbors to determine if it can make a rapid transition. This is one of the
major elements which allows RSTP to achieve faster convergence times than STP.
The other extension of RSTP is IEEE 802.1s Multiple Spanning Tree protocol (MSTP) that allows different VLANs to
travel along separate instances of spanning tree. Unlike STP and RSTP, MSTP eliminates the needs for having different
STP for each VLAN. Therefore, in a large networking environment that employs many VLANs, MSTP can be more useful
than legacy STP.
4.3.5.3.1 Bridge Settings
Basic Settings
Protocol Version: Select the appropriate spanning tree protocol. Protocol versions provided include “STP”, “RSTP”,
and “MSTP”.
Bridge Priority: Each switch has a relative priority and cost that is used to decide what the shortest path is to forward
a packet. The lowest cost path (lowest numeric value) has a higher priority and is always used unless it is down. If you
have multiple bridges and interfaces then you need to adjust the priorities to achieve optimized performance. For
MSTP operation, this is the priority of the CIST. Otherwise, this is the priority of the STP/RSTP bridge.
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Forward Delay: Fort STP bridges, the Forward Delay is the time spent in each Listening and Learning state before the
Forwarding state is entered. This delay occurs when a new bridge comes onto a network. Valid values are 4-30
seconds.
Max Age: If another switch in the spanning tree does not send out a hello packet for a period of time, it is considered
to be disconnected. Valid values are 6 to 40 seconds, and Max Age values must be smaller than or equal to (Forward
Delay-1)*2.
Maximum Hop Count: The maximum number of hops allowed for MST region before a BPDU is discarded. Each bridge
decrements the hop count by one before passing on the BPDU. When the hop count reaches zero, the BPDU is
discarded. The default hop count is 20. The allowed range is 6-40.
Transmit Hold Count: The number of BPDU sent by a bridge port per second. When exceeded, transmission of the
next BPDU will be delayed. By default, it is set to 6. The allowed transmit hold count is 1 to 10. Please note that
increasing this value might have a significant impact on CPU utilization and decreasing this value might slow down
convergence. It is recommended to remain Transmit Hold Count to the default setting.
Advanced Settings
Edge Port BPDU Filtering: The purpose of Port BPDU Filtering is to prevent the switch from sending BPDU frames on
ports that are connected to end devices.
Edge Port BPDU Guard: Edge ports generally connect directly to PC, file servers or printers. Therefore, edge ports are
configured to allow rapid transition. Under normal situations, edge ports should not receive configuration BPDUs.
However, if they do, this probably is due to malicious attacks or mis-settings. When edge ports receive configuration
BPDUs, they will be automatically set to non-edge ports and start a new spanning tree calculation process.
BPDU Guard is therefore used to prevent the device from suffering malicious attacks. With this function enabled,
when edge ports receive configuration BPDUs, STP disables those affected edge ports. After a period of recovery time,
those disabled ports are re-activated.
Port Error Recovery: When enabled, a port that is in the error-disabled state can automatically be enabled after a
certain time.
Port Error Recovery Timeout: The time that has to pass before a port in the error-disabled state can be enabled. The
allowed range is 30 – 86400 seconds.
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4.3.5.3.2 MSTI Mapping
Configuration Identification
Configuration Name: The name for this MSTI. By default, the switch’s MAC address is used. The maximum length is
32 characters. In order to share spanning trees for MSTI, bridges must have the same configuration name and revision
value.
Configuration Revision: The revision number for this MSTI. The allowed range is 0 – 65535.
MSTI Mapping
MSTI: MSTI instance number.
VLAN Mapped: Specify VLANs mapped to a certain MSTI. Both a single VLAN and a range of VLANs are allowed.
Separate VLANs with a comma and use hyphen to denote a range of VLANs. (Example: 2,5,20-40) Leave the field
empty for unused MSTI.
4.3.5.3.3 MSTI Priorities
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MSTI: Display MSTI instance number. “MSTI *” priority rule applies to all ports.
Priority: Select an appropriate priority for each MSTI instance. Bridge priority is used in selecting the root device, root
port, and designated port. The device with the highest priority becomes the root device. However, if all devices have
the same priority, the device with the lowest MAC address will then become the root device. Note that lower numeric
values indicate higher priority. The bridge priority plus the MSTI instance number, concatenated with the 6-byte MAC
address of the switch forms a Bridge Identifier.
4.3.5.3.4 CIST Ports
CIST Aggregated Port Configuration
Port: The port number.
STP Enabled: Enable STP function
Path Cost: Path cost is used to determine the best path between devices. If “Auto” mode is selected, the system
automatically detects the speed and duplex mode to decide the path cost. Select “Specific”, if you want to use userdefined value. Valid values are 1 to 200000000. Please note that path cost takes precedence over port priority.
Priority: Select port priority.
Admin Edge: If an interface is attached to end nodes, you can set it to “Edge”.
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Auto Edge: Select the checkbox to enable this feature. When enabled, a port is automatically determined to be at the
edge of the network when it receives no BPDUs.
Restricted Role: If enabled, this causes the port not to be selected as Root Port for the CIST or any MSTI, even if it has
the best spanning tree priority.
Restricted TCN: If enabled, this causes the port not to propagate received topology change notifications and topology
changes to other ports.
BPDU Guard: This feature protects ports from receiving BPDUs. It can prevent loops by shutting down a port when a
BPDU is received instead of putting it into the spanning tree discarding state. If enabled, the port will disable itself
upon receiving valid BPDU's.
Point-to-Point: Select the link type attached to an interface.
Auto: The switch automatically determines whether the interface is attached to a point-to-point link or shared
medium.
Forced True: It is a point-to-point connection.
Forced False: It is a shared medium connection.
4.3.5.3.5 MSTI Ports
Select a specific MSTI that you want to configure and then click the “Get” button.
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Port: The port number.
Path Cost: Path cost is used to determine the best path between devices. If “Auto” mode is selected, the system
automatically detects the speed and duplex mode to decide the path cost. Select “Specific”, if you want to use userdefined value. Valid values are 1 to 200000000. Please note that path cost take precedence over port priority.
Priority: Select port priority.
4.3.5.3.6 Bridge Status
STP Bridge
MSTI: The bridge instance. Click this instance to view STP detailed bridge status.
Bridge ID: The unique bridge ID for this instance consisting a priority value and MAC address of the bridge switch.
Root ID: Display the root device’s priority value and MAC address.
Root Port: The number of the port on this switch that is closest to the root. This switch communicates with the root
device through this port. If there is no root port, then this switch has been accepted as the root device of the Spanning
Tree network.
Root Cost: The path cost from the root port on the switch to the root device. For the root bridge this is zero. For all
other bridges, it is the sum of the port path costs on the least cost path to the root bridge.
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Topology Flag: The current state of the Topology Change Notification flag for this bridge instance.
Topology Change Last: The time since this spanning tree was last configured.
Click the MSTI instance to view STP detailed bridge status.
STP Detailed Bridge Status
Bridge Instance: The bridge instance.
Bridge ID: The unique bridge ID for this instance consisting a priority value and MAC address of the bridge switch.
Root ID: Display the root device’s priority value and MAC address.
Root Cost: The path cost from the root port on the switch to the root device. For the root bridge this is zero. For all
other bridges, it is the sum of the port path costs on the least cost path to the root bridge.
Root Port: The number of the port on this switch that is closest to the root. This switch communicates with the root
device through this port. If there is no root port, then this switch has been accepted as the root device of the Spanning
Tree network.
Regional Root: The Bridge ID of the currently elected regional root bridge, inside the MSTP region of this bridge. (This
parameter only applies to the CIST instance.)
Internal Root Cost: The Regional Root Path Cost. For the Regional Root Bridge the cost is zero. For all other CIST
instances in the same MSTP region, it is the sum of the Internal Port Path Costs on the least cost path to the Internal
Root Bridge. (This parameter only applies to the CIST instance.)
Topology Flag: The current state of the Topology Change Notification flag for this bridge instance.
Topology Change Last: The time since this spanning tree was last configured.
CIST Ports & Aggregations State
Port: Display the port number.
Port ID: The port identifier used by the RSTP protocol. This port ID contains the priority and the port number.
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Role: The role assigned by Spanning Tree Algorithm. Roles can be “Designated Port”, “Backup Port”, “Root Port”.
State: Display the current state of a port.
Blocking: Ports only receive BPDU messages but do not forward them.
Learning: Port has transmitted configuration messages for an interval set by the Forward Delay parameter
without receiving contradictory information. Port address table is cleared, and the port begins learning addresses
Forwarding: Ports forward packets and continue to learn addresses.
Edge: Display whether this port is an edge port or not.
Point-to-Point: Display whether this point is in point-to-point connection or not. This can be both automatically and
manually configured.
Uptime: The time since the bridge port was last initialized.
4.3.5.3.7 Port Status
Port: The port number.
CIST Role: The role assigned by Spanning Tree Algorithm. Roles can be “Designated Port”, “Backup Port”, “Root Port”
or “Non-STP”.
CIST State: Display the current state of a port. The CIST state must be one of the following:
Discarding: Ports only receive BPDU messages but do not forward them.
Learning: Port has transmitted configuration messages for an interval set by the Forward Delay parameter
without receiving contradictory information. Port address table is cleared, and the port begins learning addresses
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Forwarding: Ports forward packets and continue to learn addresses.
Uptime: The time since the bridge port was last initialized.
4.3.5.3.8 Port Statistics
Port: Display the port number.
Transmitted & Received MSTP/RSTP/STP: The number of MSTP/RSTP/STP configuration BPDU messages transmitted
and received on a port.
Transmitted & Received TCN: The number of TCN messages transmitted and received on a port.
Discarded Unknown/Illegal: The number of unknown and illegal packets discarded on a port.
4.3.5.4 MEP (Y.1731)
Instance: Specify the MEP instance ID. After saving an entry, click the number of each instance to further configure
details of this MEP entry.
Domain (Port): This is a MEP in the Port Domain. 'Flow Instance' is a Port.
Mode: Select either Mep (Maintenance Entity End Point) or Mip (Maintenance Entity Intermediate Point).
Direction: Select the traffic direction either Down or Up for monitoring on a residence port.
Down: This is a Down (Ingress) MEP - monitoring ingress OAM and traffic on 'Residence Port'.
Up: This is an Up (Egress) MEP - monitoring egress OAM and traffic on 'Residence Port'.
Residence Port: Specify a port to monitor.
Level: The MGP level of this MEP.
Flow Instance: The MEP related to this flow.
Tagged VID: A C-tag or S-tag (depending on VLAN port type) is added with this VID. Entering “0” means no tag will be
added.
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This MAC: The MAC of this MEP (can be used by other MEP when unicast is selected).
Alarm: There is an active alarm on the MEP.
Delete: Remove the entry from the table.
Click the instance number to configure detailed settings of MEP.
Instance Data
The details of the current instance item.
Instance Configuration
Level: Select a MEP level. The allowed range is 0~7.
Format: Two formats are available.
ITU ICC: This is defined by ITU in Y.1731 ANNEX A. “Domain Name” is not used. MEG id must be maximum 13
characters.
IEEE String: This is defined by IEEE in 802.1ag. “Domain Name” can be maximum 16 characters. “MEG ID” (Short
MA Name) can be maximum 16 characters.
ITU CC ICC: This is defined by ITU in Y.1731. “Domain Name” is not used. MEG id must be maximum 15 characters.
ICC/Domain Name: Depending on the format selected, enter ITU ICC or IEEE Maintenance Domain Name.
MEG id: This is either ITU UMC (MEG ID value [7-13]) or IEEE Short MA Name depending on “Format”.
MEP id: This value will become the transmitted two byte CCM MEP ID.
Tagged VID: This C-port tag is added to the OAM PDU and is only applicable to port MEP.
MEP STATE
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cLevel: Fault Cause indicating that a CCM is received with a lower level than the configured for this MEP.
cMEG: Fault Cause indicating that a CCM is received with a MEG ID different from configured for this MEP.
cMEP: Fault Cause indicating that a CCM is received with a MEP ID different from all 'Peer MEP ID' configured for this
MEP.
cAIS: Fault Cause indicating that AIS PDU is received.
cLCK: Fault Cause indicating that LCK PDU is received.
cSSF: Fault Cause indicating that server layer is indicating Signal Fail.
aBLK: The consequent action of blocking service frames in this flow is active.
aTSF: The consequent action of indicating Trail Signal Fail to-wards protection is active.
Peer MEP Configuration
Click the “Add New Peer MEP” button to create a new entry.
Click the “Delete” button to remove an entry from the table.
Peer MEP ID: The peer MEP ID of the target MEP. This is used only when Unicast Peer MAC is all zeros.
Unicast Peer MAC: The target switch or device’s unicast MAC address. You can specify unicast MAC address in “xx-xxxx-xx-xx-xx”, “xx.xx.xx.xx.xx.xx” or “xxxxxxxxxxxx” format where x is a hexadecimal digit.
NOTE: When “Peer MEP ID” field is configured, the device can auto-negotiate the neighboring device’s MAC address.
Therefore, the user can set “Unicast Peer MAC” field to all zeros “00-00-00-00-00-00” for initial configurations.
cLOC: Fault Cause indicating that no CCM has been received (in 3,5 periods) - from this peer MEP
cRDI: Fault Cause indicating that a CCM is received with Remote Defect Indication - from this peer MEP.
cPeriod: Fault Cause indicating that a CCM is received with a period different what is configured for this MEP - from
this peer MEP.
cPriority: Fault Cause indicating that a CCM is received with a priority different what is configured for this MEP - from
this peer MEP.
Functional Configuration
Continuity Check
Enable: Select the checkbox to enable Continuity Check that CCM PDU is transmitted and received. The CCM PDU
is always transmitted as Multicast Class 1.
Priority: The priority to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
Frame rate: Select the transmitting frame rate of CCM PDU.
APS Protocol
Enable: Select the checkbox to enable APS (Automatic Protection Switching) protocol.
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Priority: The priority to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
Cast: Select whether APS PDU transmitted unicast or multicast. The unicast MAC will be taken from the “Unicast
Peer MAC” configuration. Unicast is only valid for L-APS type. The R-APS PDU is always transmistted with
multicast MAC described in G.8032.
Type:
R-APS: APS PDU is transmitted as R-APS (this is for ERPS).
L-APS: APS PDU is transmitted as L-APS (this is for ELPS).
Last Octet: This is the last octet of the transmitted and expected RAPS multi-cast MAC. In G.8031 (03/2010) a
RAPS multi-cast MAC is defined as 01-19-A7-00-00-XX. In current standard the value for this last octet is '01' and
the usage of other values is for further study.
Click the “Fault Management” button.
Loop Back
Enable: Select the checkbox to enable Loop Back based on transmitting and receiving LBM/LBR PDU. Loop Back is
automatically disabled when all “To Send” LBM PDU has been transmitted.
Dei: The DEI to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
Priority: The priority to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
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Cast: Select LBM PDU to be transmitted as unicast or multicast. The unicast MAC will be configured through 'Peer
MEP' or 'Unicast Peer MAC'. To-wards MIP only unicast Loop Back is possible.
Peer MEP: This is only used if the “Unicast MAC” is configured to all zero. The LBM unicast MAC will be taken from the
“Unicast Peer MAC” configuration of this peer.
Unicast MAC: This is only used if NOT configured to all zero. This will be used as the LBM PDU unicast MAC. This is the
only way to configure Loop Back to-wards a MIP.
To Send: The number of LBM PDU to send in one loop test. The value 0 indicate infinite transmission (test behaviour).
This is HW based LBM/LBR and Requires VOE.
Size: The number of bytes in the LBM PDU Data Pattern TLV.
Interval: The interval between transmitting LBM PDU. In 10ms. in case 'To Send' != 0 (max 100 - '0' is as fast as
possible) In 1us. in case 'To Send' == 0 (max 10.000)".
Loop Back State
Transaction ID: The transaction ID of the first LBM transmitted. For each LBM transmitted the transaction ID in the
PDU is incremented.
Transmitted: The total number of LBM PDU transmitted.
Reply MAC: The MAC of the replying MEP/MIP. In case of multi-cast LBM, replies can be received from all peer MEP in
the group. This MAC is not shown in case of “To Send”= 0.
Received: The total number of LBR PDU received from this “Reply MAC”.
Out of Order: The number of LBR PDU received from this “Reply MAC” with incorrect “Transaction ID”.
Link Trace
Enable: Select the checkbox to enable Link Trace based on transmitting and receiving LTM/LTR PDU. Link Trace is
automatically disabled when all 5 transactions are done with 5 sec. interval - waiting 5 sec. for all LTR in the end. The
LTM PDU is always transmitted as Multi-cast Class 2.
Priority: The priority to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
Peer MEP: This is only used if the “Unicast MAC” is configured to all zero. The Link Trace Target MAC will be taken
from the “Unicast Peer MAC” configuration of this peer.
Unicast MAC: This is only used if NOT configured to all zero. This will be used as the Link Trace Target MAC. This is the
only way to configure a MIP as Target MAC.
Time To Live: This is the LTM PDU TTL value as described in Y.1731. This value is decremented each time forwarded by
a MIP. PDU will not be forwarded when the TTL value reaches zero.
Link Trace State
Transaction ID: The transaction id is incremented for each LTM send. This value is inserted the transmitted LTM PDU
and is expected to be received in the LTR PDU. Received LTR with wrong transaction id is ignored. There are five
transactions in one Link Trace activated.
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Time To Live: This is the TTL value taken from the LTM received by the MIP/MEP sending this LTR - decremented as if
forwarded.
Mode: This indicates if it was a MEP/MIP sending this LTR.
Direction: This indicates if MEP/MIP sending this LTR is ingress or egress.
Relayed: This indicates if MEP/MIP sending this LTR has relayed or forwarded the LTM.
Last MAC: The MAC identifying the last sender of the LBM causing this LTR - initiating MEP or previous MIP forwarding.
Next MAC: The MAC identifying the next sender of the LBM causing this LTR - MIP forwarding or terminating MEP.
Test Signal
Tx/Rx: Enable or disable test signal to send or receive TST PDU.
Dei: The DEI to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
Priority: The priority to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
Peer MEP: The TST frame destination MAC will be taken from the “Unicast Peer MAC” configuration of this peer.
Rate: The TST frame transmission bit rate - in Mega bits pr. second. Limit on Caracal is 400 Mbps. Limit on Serval is
1Gbps.
Size: The TST frame size. This is entered as the wanted size (in bytes) of a un-tagged frame containing TST OAM PDU including CRC (four bytes).
Pattern: The 'empty' TST PDU has the size of 12 bytes. In order to achieve the configured frame size a data TLV will be
added with a pattern.
All Zero: Pattern will be 00000000
All One: Pattern will be 11111111
10101010: Pattern will be 10101010
Sequence Number: Enable the sequence number feature.
Test Signal State
TX frame count: The number of transmitted TST frames since last 'Clear'.
RX frame count: The number of received TST frames since last 'Clear'.
RX rate: The current received TST frame bit rate in 100 Kbps. This is calculated on a 1 s. basis, starting when first TST
frame is received after 'Clear'. The frame size used for this calculation is the first received after 'Clear'
Test time: The number of seconds passed since first TST frame received after last 'Clear'.
Clear: This will clear all Test Signal State. Transmission of TST frame will be restarted. Calculation of 'Rx frame count',
'RX rate' and 'Test time' will be started when receiving first TST frame.
Client Configuration
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Domain: The domain of the client layer. It must be EVC.
Level: The client layer level which means that PDU transmitted in client layer flows will be on this level.
Flow: Client layer flow instance numbers. It must only be configured in case of Port MEP.
AIS
Enable: Enable or disable the insertion of AIS signal (AIS PDU transmission) in client layer flows.
Priority: On Caracal this priority is used in sink direction (client layer). On Serval, for each client EVC, the highest COSID (ECE Class) is used.
Frame Rate: Select the frame rate of AIS PDU. This is the inverse of transmission period as described in Y.1731.
Protection: Select the checkbox to enable protection. This means that the first 3 AIS PDU is transmitted as fast as
possible - in case of using this for protection in the end point.
Lock
Enable: Enable or disable the insertion of LOCK signal (LCK PDU transmission) in client layer flows.
Priority: The priority to be inserted in MEP source direction. On Caracal, this priority is also used in sink direction
(client layer). On Serval, for each client EVC, the highest COS-ID (ECE Class) is used.
Frame Rate: Select the frame rate of LCK PDU. This is the inverse of transmission period as described in Y.1731.
Click the “Performance Monitoring” button.
Enable: When enabled, this MEP instance will contribute to the 'PM Data Set' gathered by the PM Session.
Loss Measurement
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Enable: Loss Measurement based on transmitting/receiving CCM or LMM/LMR PDU can be enabled/disabled - see
'Ended'. This is only valid with one Peer MEP configured.
Priority: The priority to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any). In case of enable of Continuity Check and Loss
Measurement both implemented on SW based CCM, 'Priority' has to be the same.
Frame rate: Select the frame rate of CCM/LMM PDU. This is the inverse of transmission period as described in Y.1731.
Selecting 300f/sec or 100f/sec is not valid. In case of enable of Continuity Check and Loss Measurement both
implemented on SW based CCM, 'Frame Rate' has to be the same.
Cast: Selection of CCM or LMM PDU transmitted unicast or multicast. The unicast MAC will be taken from the 'Unicast
Peer MAC' configuration. In case of enable of Continuity Check and dual ended Loss Measurement both implemented
on SW based CCM, 'Cast' has to be the same.
Ended:
Single: Single ended Loss Measurement implemented on LMM/LMR.
Dual: Dual ended Loss Measurement implemented on SW based CCM.
FLR Interval: This is the interval in seconds where the Frame Loss Ratio is calculated.
Loss Measurement State
Near End Loss Count: The accumulated near end frame loss count - since last 'clear'.
Far End Loss Count: The accumulated far end frame loss count - since last 'clear'.
Near End Loss Ratio: The near end frame loss ratio calculated based on the near end frame loss count and far end
frame transmitted - in the latest 'FLR Interval'. The result is given in percent.
Far End Loss Ratio: The far end frame loss ratio calculated based on the far end frame loss count and near end frame
transmitted - in the latest 'FLR Interval'. The result is given in percent.
Clear: Set of this check and save will clear the accumulated counters and restart ratio calculation.
Delay Measurement
Enable: Select the checkbox to enable Delay Measurement based on transmitting 1DM/DMM PDU. Delay
Measurement based on receiving and handling 1DM/DMR PDU is always enabled.
Priority: The priority to be inserted as PCP bits in TAG (if any).
Cast: Selection of 1DM/DMM PDU transmitted unicast or multicast. The unicast MAC will be configured through 'Peer
MEP'.
Peer MEP: This is only used if the 'Cast' is configured to Uni. The 1DM/DMR unicast MAC will be taken from the
'Unicast Peer MAC' configuration of this peer.
Way: One-Way or Two-Way Delay Measurement implemented on 1DM or DMM/DMR, respectively.
Tx Mode:
Standardize: Y.1731 standardize way to transmit 1DM/DMR.
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Proprietary: The proprietary way with follow-up packets to transmit 1DM/DMR.
Calc: This is only used if the 'Way' is configured to Two-way.
Round trip: The frame delay calculated by the transmitting and receiving timestamps of initiators. Frame Delay =
RxTimeb-TxTimeStampf
Flow: The frame delay calculated by the transmitting and receiving timestamps of initiators and remotes. Frame
Delay = (RxTimeb-TxTimeStampf)-(TxTimeStampb-RxTimeStampf)
Gap: The gap between transmitting 1DM/DMM PDU in 10ms. The range is 10 to 65535.
Count: The number of last records to calculate. The range is 10 to 2000.
Unit: The time resolution.
D2forD1: Enable to use DMM/DMR packet to calculate one-way DM. If the option is enabled, the following action will
be taken. When DMR is received, two-way delay (roundtrip or flow) and both near-end-to-far-end and far-end-tonear-end one-way delay are calculated. When DMM or 1DM is received, only far-end-to-near-end one-way delay is
calculated.
Counter Overflow Action: The action to counter when overflow happens.
Delay Measurement State
Tx: The accumulated transmit count - since last 'clear'.
Rx Timeout: The accumulated receive timeout count for two-way only - since last 'clear'.
Rx: The accumulated receive count - since last 'clear'.
Rx Error: The accumulated receive error count - since last 'clear'. The frame delay is larger than 1 second (timeout).
Average Total: The average delay - since last 'clear'. The unit is microsecond.
Average last N: The average delay of the last n packets - since last 'clear'. The unit is microsecond.
Average Variation Total: The average delay variation - since last 'clear'. The unit is microsecond.
Average Variation last N: The average delay variation of the last n packets - since last 'clear'. The unit is microsecond.
Min.: The minimum delay - since last 'clear'. The unit is microsecond.
Max.: The maximum delay - since last 'clear'. The unit is microsecond.
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Overflow: The number of counter overflow - since last 'clear'.
Clear: Click the checkbox and save this setting will clear the accumulated counters.
4.3.5.5 ERPS (G.8032)
Ethernet Ring Protection Switching (ERPS), defined in ITU-T G8032, implements protection switching mechanism for
Ethernet traffic in a ring topology. By performing ERPS function, potential loops in a network can be avoided by
blocking traffic to flow to ring protection link (RPL) so as to protect the entire Ethernet ring.
In a ring topology that runs ERPS, only one switch is assigned as an owner that is responsible for blocking traffic in RPL
so as to avoid loops. The switch adjacent to the RPL owner is called RPL neighbor node that is responsible for blocking
its end of the RPL under normal condition. Other participating switches adjacent to RPL owner or neighbor in a ring
are members or RPL next-neighbor nodes to this topology and normally forward receive traffic.
Nodes on the ring periodically use control messages called Ring Automatic Protection Switching message to ensure
that a ring is up and loop-free. Once RPL owner misses poll packets or learns from fault detection packets, RPL owner
detects signal failure (SF) in a ring. Upon learning of a fault, the RPL owner unblocks ring protection link (RPL) allowing
protected VLAN traffic through.
ERPS, like STP, provides a loop-free network by using polling packets to detect faults. However, when a fault occurs,
ERPS heals itself by sending traffic over a protected reverse path instead of making a calculation to find out the
forwarding path. Because of this fault detection mechanism, ERPS can converge in less than 50 milliseconds and
recover quickly to forward traffic.
ERPS ID: Specify an ID for this group.
Port 0: Port 0 is also known as E port (East port) which is used by some of the other vendors. Specify the east port of
the switch in the ring.
Port 1: Port 1 is also known as W port (West port) which is used by some of the other vendors. When this port is
interconnected with the other sub-ring, “0” is used in this field to indicate that no west port is associated with this
instance. Specify the west port of the switch in the ring.
Port 0 APS MEP: Specify the East APS PDU handling MEP.
Port 1 APS MEP: Specify the West APS PDU handling MEP. When interconnected with the other sub-ring, “0” is used in
this field to indicate that no west APS MEP is associated with this instance.
Port 0 SF MEP: This is also known as East Signal Fail APS MEP. Assign the East Signal Fail reporting MEP in this field.
Port 1 SF MEP: This is also known as West Signal Fail APS MEP. When interconnected with the other sub-ring, “0” is
used in this field to indicate that no west SF MEP is associated with this instance. Assign the West Signal Fail reporting
MEP in this field.
Ring Type: Select the type of protection ring which can be either “major” ring or “sub” ring.
Interconnected Node: Select the checkbox to indicate that this is an interconnected node for this instance. Leave this
checkbox unchecked if the configured instance is not interconnected.
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Virtual Channel: Sub rings can either have virtual channel or not on the interconnected node. Select the checkbox if
this instance is an interconnected node with virtual channel. Leave this checkbox unchecked if sub ring does not have
virtual channel.
Major Ring ID: This field is used for an interconnected sub ring for sending topology change updates on major ring. If
ring is set to major, this value is same as the protection group ID of this ring.
Alarm: When settings are complete, then the switch will show an alarm status on the ERPS.
Click the “Add New Protection Group” button to create a new entry.
Click the “Delete” button to remove a new entry.
Click “Save” to save changes.
Click “Reset” to undo any changes made locally and restore changes to previously saved (default) values.
Click “Refresh” to manually refresh ERPS information.
4.3.6 IPMC Profile
The "IPMC Profile" includes the following two sub menus.
4.3.6.1 Profile Table
IPMC Profile Configuration
Global Profile Mode: Enable or disable IPMC Profile feature globally.
IPMC Profile Table Setting
Profile Name: Enter a name for this profile.
Profile Description: Enter a brief description for this profile.
Click the "Add New IPMC Profile" to insert a new entry to the table.
Select the "Delete" checkbox to delete an entry.
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Click the "e" button to edit this profile's detailed settings.
Profile Name & Index: Display the profile name and index.
Entry Name: The name used in specifying the address range. Only the existing profile address entries are selectable in
the drop-down menu.
Address Range: Specify the multicast IP range. The available IP range is from 224.0.0.0~239.255.255.255
Action: Select the action taken upon receiving the Join/Report frame that has the group address matches the address
range of the rule.
Permit: Group address matches the range specified in the rule will be learned.
Deny: Group address matches the range specified in the rule will be dropped.
Log: Select the logging preference receiving the Join/Report frame that has the group address matches the address
range of the rule.
Enable: Corresponding information of the group address, that matches the range specified in the rule, will be logged.
Disable: Corresponding information of the group address, that matches the range specified in the rule, will not be logged.
You can manage rules and the corresponding precedence order by using the following buttons:
: Insert a new rule before the current entry of rule.
: Delete the current entry of rule.
: Moves the current entry of rule up in the list.
: Moves the current entry of rule down in the list.
4.3.6.2 Address Entry
Entry Name: Enter a name which is used for indexing the address entry table.
Start Address: Enter the starting IPv4 or IPv6 multicast address used in this address range.
End Address: Enter the ending IPv4 or IPv6 multicast address used in this address range.
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Click the "Add new Address (Range) Entry" button to insert a new entry.
Select the "Delete" checkbox to delete an entry during the next save.
4.3.7 MVR
Multicast VLAN Registration protocol (MVR) allows a media server to transmit multicast stream in a single multicast
VLAN when clients receiving multicast VLAN stream can reside in different VLANs. Clients in different VLANs intend to
join or leave the multicast group simply by sending the IGMP Join or Leave message to a receiver port. The receiver
port that belongs to one of the multicast groups can receive multicast stream from the media server.
MVR further isolates users who are not intended to receive multicast traffic and hence provide data security by VLAN
segregation that allows only multicast traffic into other VLANs to which the subscribers belong. Even though common
multicast streams are passed onto different VLAN groups from the MVR VLAN, users in different IEEE 802.1Q or
private VLANs cannot exchange any information (except through upper-level routing services).
4.3.7.1 Configuration
MVR Configurations
MVR Mode: Enable or disable MVR feature globally on this device. Any multicast data from source ports will be sent
to associated receiver ports registered in the table. By default, MVR feature is turned off.
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VLAN Interface Setting
MVR ID: Specify multicast VLAN ID. Please note that MVR source ports are not recommended to be used as
management VLAN ports. MVR source ports should be configured as members of the MVR VLAN, but MVR receiver
ports should not be manually configured as members of this VLAN.
MVR Name: Optionally specify a user-defined name for this multicast VLAN. The maximum length of the MVR name
string is 32. Both alphabets and numbers are allowed for use.
IGMP Address: Specify the IPv4 unicast address as source address used in IP header for IGMP control frames.
Mode: Two MVR operation modes are provided.
Dynamic: MVR allows dynamic MVR membership reports on source ports. (This is the default mode.)
Compatible: MVR membership reports are forbidden on source ports.
Tagging: Specify whether IGMP/MLD control frames will be sent tagged with MVR VID or untagged.
Priority: Specify the priority for transmitting IGMP/MLD control frames. By default, priority is set to 0. Allowed priority
values is 0 -7.
LLQI: LLQI stands for Last Listener Query Interval and is to configure the maximum time to wait for IGMP/MLD report
memberships on a receiver port before removing the port from multicast group membership. By default, LLQI is set to
5 tenths of a second (0.5 second). The allowed range is 0 – 31744 tenths of a second.
Interface Channel Profile: Select an IPMC profile from the drop-down menu. Click the
about the selected IPMC profile settings.
button to view a summary
Port Role: Click the Port Role symbol to change the role status.
Inactive (I): By default, all ports are set to inactive. Inactive ports do not participate in MVR operations.
Source (S): Set a port (uplink ports) to source port. Source ports will receive and send multicast data. Subscribers
can not directly be connected to source ports. Please also note that source ports cannot be management ports at
the same time.
Receiver (R): Set a port to receiver port. Client or subscriber ports are configured to receiver ports so that they
can issue IGMP/MLD messages to receive multicast data.
Immediate Leave Setting
Port: The port number. “Port *” rule applies to all ports.
Immediate Leave: Enable for disable immediate leave function. When enabled, the device immediately removes a
port from a multicast stream as soon as it receives leave message for that group. This option only applies to an
interface configured as MVR receivers.
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4.3.7.2 MVR Statistics
This page displays MVR statistics information on queries, joins, reports and leaves messages.
VLAN ID: Display VLAN ID that is used for processing multicast traffic.
IGMP/MLD Queries Received: The number of received queries for IGMP and MLD.
IGMP/MLD Queries Transmitted: The number of transmitted queries for IGMP/MLD.
IGMPv1 Joins Received: The number of IGMPv1 received joins
IGMPv2/MLDv1 Reports Received: The number of IGMPv2 and MLDv1 received reports.
IGMPv3/MLDv2 Reports Received: The number of IGMPv3 and MLDv2 received reports.
IGMPv2/MLDv1 Leaves Received: The number of IGMPv2 and MLDv1 received leaves.
4.3.7.3 MVR Channel Groups
Start from VLAN ____ and Group Address _______ with 20 entries per page.
This table displays MVR channels (groups) information and is sorted by VLAN ID.
VLAN ID: VLAN ID of the group.
Groups: Group ID
Port Members: Ports that belong to this group.
4.3.7.4 MVR SFM Information
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VLAN ID: VLAN ID of the group.
Group: The group address.
Port: Switch port number.
Mode: Indicates the filtering mode maintained per (VLAN ID, port number, Group Address) basis. It can be either
Include or Exclude.
Source Address: The source IP Address. Currently, the system limits the total number of source IP addresses for
filtering to be 128. When there is no source filtering address, "None" is shown in the Source Address field.
Type: Indicates the Type. It can be either Allow or Deny.
Hardware Filter/Switch: Indicate whether data plane destined to the specific group address from the source IPv4/IPv6
address could be handled by chip or not.
4.3.8 IPMC
The “IPMC” menu includes IGMP Snooping and MLD Snooping sub menu. Select the appropriate menu to set up
detailed configurations.
4.3.8.1 IGMP Snooping
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is a communications protocol used to manage the membership of
Internet Protocol multicast groups. IGMP is used by IP hosts and adjacent multicast routers to establish multicast
group memberships. It can be used more efficiently when supporting activities, such as, online streaming video and
gaming.
IGMP Snooping is the process of listening to IGMP traffic. IGMP snooping, as implied by the name, is a feature that
allows the switch to “listen in” on the IGMP conversation between hosts and routers by processing the layer 3 packets
that IGMP packets sent in a multicast network.
When IGMP snooping is enabled in a switch, it analyses all the IGMP packets between hosts connected to the switch
and multicast routers in the network. When a switch receives an IGMP report for a given multicast group from a host,
the switch adds the host's port number to the multicast list for that group. When the switch hears an IGMP Leave, it
removes the host's port from the table entry.
IGMP snooping can reduce multicast traffic from streaming and other bandwidth intensive IP applications more
effectively. A switch using IGMP snooping will only forward multicast traffic to the hosts in that traffic. This reduction
of multicast traffic reduces the packet processing at the switch (at the cost of needing additional memory to handle
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the multicast tables) and also decreases the workload at the end hosts since their network cards (or operating system)
will not receive and filter all the multicast traffic generated in the network.
4.3.8.1.1 Basic Configuration
Global Configuration
Snooping Enabled: Select the checkbox to globally enable IGMP Snooping feature. When enabled, this device will
monitor network traffic and determine which hosts will receive multicast traffic. The switch can passively monitor or
snoop on IGMP Query and Report packets transferred between IP multicast routers and IP multicast service
subscribers to identify the multicast group members. The switch simply monitors the IGMP packets passing through it,
picks out the group registration information and configures the multicast filters accordingly.
Unregistered IPMCv4 Flooding Enabled: Set forwarding mode for unregistered (not-joined) IP multicast traffic. Select
the checkbox to flood traffic.
IGMP SSM Range: SSM (Source-Specific Multicast) Range allows the SSM-aware hosts and routers run the SSM service
model for the groups in the address range.
Leave Proxy Enabled: Suppresses leave messages unless received from the last member port in the group. IGMP leave
proxy suppresses all unnecessary IGMP leave messages so that a non-querier switch forwards an IGMP leave packet
only when the last dynamic member port leaves a multicast group.
Proxy Enabled: When enabled, the switch performs like “IGMP Snooping with Proxy Reporting” (as defined in DSL
Forum TR-101, April 2006).
Port Related Configuration
Port: The port number.
Router Port: Tick the checkbox on a given port to assign it as a router port. If IGMP snooping cannot locate the IGMP
querier, you can manually designate a port which is connected to a known IGMP querier (i.e., a multicast
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router/switch). This interface will then join all the current multicast groups supported by the attached router/switch
to ensure that multicast traffic is passed to all appropriate interfaces within the switch.
Fast Leave: Enable fast leave function if the checkbox is ticked. When a leave packet is received, the switch
immediately removes it from a multicast service without sending an IGMP group-specific (GS) query to that interface.
Throttling: This field limits the maximum number of multicast groups that a port can join at the same time. When the
maximum number is reached on a port, any new IGMP join reports will be dropped. By default, unlimited is selected.
Other allowed options are 1 – 10
4.3.8.1.2 VLAN Configuration
This page is used to configure IGMP Snooping for an interface.
Click the “Add New IGMP VLAN” button to add a new entry.
VLAN ID: Specify VLAN ID for IGMP snooping.
Snooping Enabled: Select the checkbox to enable snooping feature on an interface basis. When enabled, the switch
will monitor network traffic on the specified interface to determine which hosts want to receive multicast services. If
IGMP snooping is enabled globally and an interface’s IGMP snooping is enabled on an interface, IGMP snooping on an
interface will take precedence. When disabled, snooping can still be configured on an interface. However, settings will
only take effect until IGMP snooping is enabled globally.
Querier Election: Enable to join querier election in the VLAN. When disabled, it will act as an IGMP non-querier.
Querier Address: Specify the IPv4 unicast source address used in IP header for IGMP querier election. When the field
is not specified, the switch uses the first available IPv4 management address of the IP interface associated with this
VLAN.
Compatibility: This configures how hosts and routers take actions within a network depending on IGMP version
selected. Available options are “IGMP-Auto”, “Forced IGMPv1”, “Forced IGMPv2”, “Forced IGMPv3”. By default,
IGMP-Auto is used.
PRI: Select the priority of interface. This field indicates the IGMP control frame priority level generated by the system
which is used to prioritize different classes of traffic. The allowed range is 0 (best effort) to 7 (highest). By default,
interface priority value is set to 0.
RV: The robustness variable (RV) allows tuning for the expected packet loss on a subnet. If a subnet is susceptible to
packet loss, this value can be increased. The RV value must not be zero and should not be one. The value should be 2
or greater. By default, it is set to 2.
QI (sec): The Query Interval is the interval between IGMP General Query messages sent by the Querier. The default
Querier Interval is 125 seconds.
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QRI: The Query Response Interval is the maximum amount of time that the IGMP router waits to receive a response to
a General Query message. The QRI applies when the switch is acting as the querier and is used to inform other devices
of the maximum time this system waits for a response to general queries. By default, RQI is set to 10 seconds. The
allowed range is 10 – 31744 tenths of a second.
LLQI: The Last Listener Query Interval sets the interval that waits for a response to a group-specific or group-andsource specific query message.
URI: The Unsolicited Report Interval is the amount of time that the upstream interface should transmit unsolicited
IGMP reports when report suppression/proxy reporting is enabled. By default, URI is set to 1 second. The allowed
range for URI is 0 -31744 seconds.
4.3.8.1.3 Port Filtering Profile
The Port Filtering Configuration page is to filter specific multicast traffic on a per port basis. Before you select a
filtering profile for filtering purposes, you must set up profiles in IPMC Profile page.
Port: The port number.
Filtering Profile: Select the configured multicast groups that are denied on a port. When a certain multicast group is
selected on a port, IGMP join reports received on a port are dropped.
: Click the summary button to view details of the selected IPMC profile.
4.3.8.1.4 IGMP Snooping Status
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Statistics
VLAN ID: The VLAN ID of this entry.
Querier Version: The current working Querier version.
Host Version: The current host version.
Querier Status: Show the Querier status that is either "ACTIVE" or "IDLE". "DISABLE" denotes the specific interface is
administratively disabled.
Queries Transmitted: The number of queries transmitted.
Queries Received: The number of queries received.
V1 Reports Received: The number of Received V1 Reports.
V2 Reports Received: The number of Received V2 Reports.
V3 Reports Received: The number of Received V3 Reports.
V2 Leaves Received: The number of Received V2 Leaves.
Router Port
Port: The port number.
Status: Indicate whether a specific port is a router port or not.
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4.3.8.1.5 Grops Information
VLAN ID: Display the VLAN ID of the group.
Groups: Display the group address.
Port Members: Ports that belong to this group.
NOTE: The maximum number of IGMP Snooping groups can be learned is 32.
4.3.8.1.6 IPv4 SFM Information
VLAN ID: Display the VLAN ID of the group.
Groups: Display the IP address of a multicast group.
Port: The switch port number.
Mode: The filtering mode maintained per VLAN ID, port number and group address.
Source Address: The source IP address available for filtering.
Type: Display either Allow or Deny type.
Hardware Filter/Switch: Indicates whether the data plane destined to the specific group address from the source IPv4
address can be handled by the chip or not.
4.3.8.2 MLD Snooping
Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) snooping, similar to IGMP snooping for IPv4, operates on IPv6 for multicast traffic.
In other words, MLD snooping configures ports to limit or control IPv6 multicast traffic so that multicast traffic is
forwarded to ports (or users) who want to receive it. In this way, MLD snooping can reduce the flooding of IPV6
multicast packets in the specified VLANs. Please note that IGMP Snooping and MLD Snooping are independent of each
other. They can both be enabled and function at the same time.
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4.3.8.2.1 Basic Configuration
Global Configuration
Snooping Enabled: Select the checkbox to globally enable MLD Snooping feature. When enabled, this device will
monitor network traffic and determine which hosts would like to receive multicast traffic. The switch can passively
monitor or snoop on MLD Listener Query and Report packets transferred between IP multicast routers and IP
multicast service subscribers to identify the multicast group members. The switch simply monitors the IGMP packets
passing through it, picks out the group registration information and configures the multicast filters accordingly.
Unregistered IPMCv6 Flooding Enabled: Set forwarding mode for unregistered (not-joined) IP multicast traffic. Select
the checkbox to flood traffic.
MLD SSM Range: SSM (Source-Specific Multicast) Range allows the SSM-aware hosts and routers run the SSM service
model for the groups in the address range.
Leave Proxy Enabled: To prevent multicast router from becoming overloaded with leave messages, MLD snooping
suppresses leave messages unless received from the last member port in the group. When the switch acts as the
querier, the leave proxy feature will not function.
Proxy Enabled: When MLD proxy is enabled, the switch exchanges MLD messages with the router on its upstream
interface, and performs the host portion of the MLD task on the upstream interface as follows:



When queried, it sends multicast listener reports to the group.
When a host joins a multicast group to which no other host belongs, it sends unsolicited multicast listener
reports to that group.
When the last host in a particular multicast group leaves, it sends an unsolicited multicast listener done
report to the all-routers address (FF02::2) for MLDv1.
Port Related Configuration
Port: The port number.
Router Port: Tick the checkbox on a given port to assign it as a router port. If MLD snooping cannot locate the MLD
querier, you can manually designate a port which is connected to a known MLD querier (i.e., a multicast
router/switch). This interface will then join all the current multicast groups supported by the attached router/switch
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to ensure that multicast traffic is passed to all appropriate interfaces within the switch.
Fast Leave: Enable fast leave function if the checkbox is ticked. When a leave packet is received, the switch
immediately removes it from a multicast service without sending a MLD group-specific (GS) query to that interface.
Throttling: This field limits the maximum number of multicast groups that a port can join at the same time. When the
maximum number is reached on a port, any new MLD join reports will be dropped. By default, unlimited is selected.
Other allowed options are 1 – 10.
4.3.8.2.2 VLAN Configuration
This page is used to configure MLD Snooping for an interface.
VLAN ID: Specify VLAN ID for MLD snooping.
Snooping Enabled: Select the checkbox to enable snooping feature on an interface basis. When enabled, the switch
will monitor network traffic on the specified interface to determine which hosts want to receive multicast services.
Querier Election: Enable to join querier election in the VLAN. When enabled, the switch can serve as the MLDv2
querier in the bidding process with other competing multicast routers or switches. Once it becomes querier, it will be
responsible for asking hosts periodically if they want to receive multicast traffic. When disabled, it will act as an IGMP
non-querier.
Compatibility: This configures how hosts and routers take actions within a network depending on MLD version
selected. Available options are “MLD-Auto”, “Forced MLDv1”and “Forced MLDv2”. By default, MLD-Auto is used.
PRI: Select the priority of interface. This field indicates the MLD control frame priority level generated by the system
which is used to prioritize different classes of traffic. The allowed range is 0 (best effort) to 7 (highest). By default,
interface priority value is set to 0.
RV: The robustness variable (RV) allows tuning for the expected packet loss on a subnet. If a subnet is susceptible to
packet loss, this value can be increased. The RV value must not be zero and should not be one. The value should be 2
or greater. By default, it is set to 2. The allowed range is 1 -255.
QI (sec): The Query Interval is the interval between IGMP General Query messages sent by the Querier. The default
Querier Interval is 125 seconds. The allowed interval range is 1 – 255 seconds.
QRI: The Query Response Interval is the maximum amount of time that the IGMP router waits to receive a response to
a General Query message. The QRI applies when the switch is acting as the querier and is used to inform other devices
of the maximum time this system waits for a response to general queries. By default, RQI is set to 10 seconds. The
allowed range is 10 – 31744 tenths of a second.
LLQI: The Last Listener Query Interval sets the interval that waits for a response to a group-specific or group-andsource specific query message.
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URI: The Unsolicited Report Interval is the amount of time that the upstream interface should transmit unsolicited
IGMP reports when report suppression/proxy reporting is enabled. By default, URI is set to 1 second. The allowed
range for URI is 0 -31744 seconds.
Click the “Add New MLD VLAN” button to add a new entry.
4.3.8.2.3 Port Filtering Profile
The Port Filtering Configuration page is to filter specific multicast traffic on a per port basis. Before you select a
filtering profile for filtering purposes, you must set up profiles in IPMC Profile page.
Port: List the number of each port.
Filtering Profile: Select the configured multicast groups that are denied on a port. When a certain multicast group is
selected on a port, MLD join reports received on a port are dropped.
: Click the summary button to view details of the selected IPMC profile.
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4.3.8.2.4 MLD Snooping Status
Statistics
VLAN ID: The VLAN ID of this entry.
Querier Version: The current working Querier version.
Host Version: The current host version.
Querier Status: Show the Querier status that is either "ACTIVE" or "IDLE". "DISABLE" denotes the specific interface is
administratively disabled.
Queries Transmitted: The number of queries transmitted.
Queries Received: The number of queries received.
V1 Reports Received: The number of Received V1 Reports.
V2 Reports Received: The number of Received V2 Reports.
V2 Leaves Received: The number of Received V2 Leaves.
Router Port
Port: The port number.
Status: Indicate whether a specific port is a router port or not.
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4.3.8.2.5 Groups Information
VLAN ID: Display the VLAN ID of the group.
Groups: Display the group address.
Port Members: Ports that belong to this group.
NOTE: The maximum number of MLD Snooping groups can be learned is 32.
4.3.8.2.6 IPv6 SFM Information
VLAN ID: Display the VLAN ID of the group.
Group: Display the IP address of a multicast group.
Port: The switch port number.
Mode: The filtering mode maintained per VLAN ID, port number and group address.
Source Address: The source IP address available for filtering.
Type: Display either Allow or Deny type.
Hardware Filter/Switch: Indicates whether the data plane destined to the specific group address from the source IPv4
address can be handled by the chip or not.
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4.3.9 LLDP
LLDP (Link Layer Discovery Protocol) runs over data link layer which is used for network devices to send information
about themselves to other directly connected devices on the network. By using LLDP, two devices running different
network layer protocols can learn information about each other. A set of attributes referred to TLVs are used to
discover neighbour devices. Details such as port description, system name, system description, system capabilities,
management address can be sent and received on this device.
The “LLDP” menu contains the following sub menus. Select the appropriate menu to set up detailed configurations.
4.3.9.1 LLDP Configuration
LLDP Parameters
Tx Interval: Specify the interval between LLDP frames are sent to its neighbors for updated discovery information. The
valid values are 5 - 32768 seconds. The default is 30 seconds.
Tx Hold: This setting defines how long LLDP frames are considered valid and is used to compute the TTL. Valid range is
2~10 times. The default is 4.
Tx Delay: Specify a delay between the LLDP frames that contain changed configurations. Tx Delay cannot be larger
than 1/4 of the Tx interval value. The valid values are 1 - 8192 seconds.
Tx Reinit: Specify a delay between the shutdown frame and a new LLDP initialization. The valid values are 1 - 10
seconds.
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LLDP Port Configuration
Port: The port number. “Port *” settings apply to all ports.
Mode: Select the appropriate LLDP mode.
Disabled: LLDP information will not be sent and LLDP information received from neighbours will be dropped.
Enabled: LLDP information will be sent and LLDP information received from neighbours will be analyzed.
Rx Only: The switch will analyze LLDP information received from neighbours.
Tx Only: The switch will send out LLDP information but will drop LLDP information received from neighbours.
CDP Aware: CDP aware operation is used to decode incoming CDP (Cisco Discovery Protocol) frames. If enabled, CDP
TLVs that can be mapped into a corresponding field in the LLDP neighbors table are decoded, all others are discarded.
CDP TLVs are mapped into LLDP neighbors table as shown below:
Optional TLVs: LLDP uses several attributes to discover neighbour devices. These attributes contains type, length, and
value descriptions and are referred to TLVs. Details such as port description, system name, system description, system
capabilities, management address can be sent from this device. Uncheck the boxes if they are not appropriate to be
known by other neighbour devices.
4.3.9.2 LLDP-MED
LLDP for Media Endpoint Devices (LLDP-MED) is an extension to LLDP that operates between endpoint devices such as
IP phones and network devices such as switches. It specifically provides support for voice over IP (VoIP) applications
and provides additional TLVs for capabilities discovery, network policy, Power over Ethernet, inventory management
and location information.
Fast Start Repeat Count
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Fast Start Repeat Count: Rapid startup and Emergency Call Service Location Identification Discovery of endpoints is a
critically important aspect of VoIP systems in general. In addition, it is best to advertise only those pieces of
information which are specifically relevant to particular endpoint types (for example only advertise the voice network
policy to permitted voice-capable devices), both in order to conserve the limited LLDPU space and to reduce security
and system integrity issues that can come with inappropriate knowledge of the network policy. With this in mind,
LLDP-MED defines an LLDP-MED Fast Start interaction between the protocol and the application layers on top of the
protocol, in order to achieve these related properties. With Fast start repeat count it is possible to specify the number
of times the fast start transmission is repeated. The recommended value is 4 times, giving that 4 LLDP frames with a 1
second interval will be transmitted, when a LLDP frame with new information is received. It should be noted that
LLDP-MED and the LLDP-MED Fast Start mechanism is only intended to run on links between LLDP-MED Network
Connectivity Devices and Endpoint Devices, and as such does not apply to links between LAN infrastructure elements,
including between Network Connectivity Devices, or to other types of links.
Coordinates Location
Latitude: Latitude SHOULD be normalized to within 0-90 degrees with a maximum of 4 digits. It is possible to specify
the direction to either North of the equator or South of the equator.
Longitude: Longitude SHOULD be normalized to within 0-180 degrees with a maximum of 4 digits. It is possible to
specify the direction to either East of the prime meridian or West of the prime meridian.
Altitude: Altitude SHOULD be normalized to within -32767 to 32767 with a maximum of 4 digits. It is possible to select
between two altitude types (floors or meters).
Meters: Representing meters of Altitude defined by the vertical datum specified.
Floors: Representing altitude in a form more relevant in buildings which have different floor-to-floor dimensions.
An altitude = 0.0 is meaningful even outside a building, and represents ground level at the given latitude and
longitude. Inside a building, 0.0 represents the floor level associated with ground level at the main entrance.
Map Datum: The Map Datum is used for the coordinates given in these options:
WGS84: (Geographical 3D) - World Geodesic System 1984, CRS Code 4327, Prime Meridian Name: Greenwich.
NAD83/NAVD88: North American Datum 1983, CRS Code 4269, Prime Meridian Name: Greenwich; The
associated vertical datum is the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88). This datum pair is to be used
when referencing locations on land, not near tidal water (which would use Datum = NAD83/MLLW).
NAD83/MLLW: North American Datum 1983, CRS Code 4269, Prime Meridian Name: Greenwich; The associated
vertical datum is Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW). This datum pair is to be used when referencing locations on
water/sea/ocean.
Civic Address Location
IETF Geopriv Civic Address based Location Configuration Information (Civic Address LCI).
Country Code: The two-letter ISO 3166 country code in capital ASCII letters - Example: DK, DE or US.
State: National subdivisions (state, canton, region, province, prefecture).
County: County, parish, gun (Japan), district.
City: City, township, shi (Japan) - Example: Copenhagen.
City District: City division, borough, city district, ward, chou (Japan).
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Block (Neighbourhood): Neighbourhood, block.
Street: Street - Example: Poppelvej.
Leading street direction: Example: N.
Trailing street suffix: Example: SW.
Street suffix: Example: Ave, Platz.
House no.: Example: 21.
House no. suffix: Example: A, 1/2.
Landmark: Landmark or vanity address - Example: Columbia University.
Additional location info: Example: South Wing.
Name: Name (residence and office occupant): Example: Flemming Jahn.
Zip code: Postal/zip code - Example: 2791.
Building: Building (structure). Example: Low Library.
Apartment: Unit (Apartment, suite). Example: Apt 42.
Floor: Example: 4.
Room no.: Room number - Example: 450F.
Place type: Example: Office.
Postal community name: Example: Leonia.
P.O. Box: Example: 12345.
Additional code: Example: 1320300003.
Emergency Call Service
Emergency Call Service: Emergency Call Service (e.g. E911 and others), such as defined by TIA or NENA.
Policies
Policy ID: Specify the ID for this policy.
Application Type: The application types include “Voice”, “Voice Signalling”, “Guest Voice”, “Guest Voice Signalling”,
“Softphone Voice”, “Video Conferencing”, “Streaming”, “Video Signalling”.
Tag: Tag indicating whether the specified application type is using a “tagged” or an “untagged” VLAN.
VLAN ID: Specify the VLAN ID for the port.
L2 Priority: Specify one of eight priority levels (0-7) as defined by 802.1D-2004.
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DSCP: Specify one of 64 code point values (0-63) as defined in IETF RFC 2474.
4.3.9.3 Neighbours
Local Port: The local port that a remote LLDP-capable device is attached.
Chassis ID: An ID indicating the particular chassis in this system.
Port ID: A remote port ID that LDPDUs were transmitted.
Port Description: A remote port's description.
System Name: The system name assigned to the remote system.
System Capabilities: This shows the neighbour unit’s capabilities. When a capability is enabled, the capability is
followed by (+). If disabled, the capability is followed by (-).
Management Address: The IPv4 address of the remote device. If no management address is available, the address
should be the MAC address for the CPU or for the port sending this advertisement. If the neighbor device allows
management access, clicking on an entry in this field will re-direct the web browser to the neighbor’s management
interface.
4.3.9.4 LLDP-MED Neighbours
This page displays information about LLDP-MED neighbours detected on the network.
4.3.9.5 Port Statistics
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Global Counters
Total Neighbours Entries Added: Shows the number of new entries added since the switch was rebooted, and for
which the remote TTL has not yet expired.
Total Neighbors Entries Deleted: The number of LLDP neighbors which have been removed from the LLDP remote
systems MIB for any reason.
Total Neighbors Entries Dropped: The number of times which the remote database on this switch dropped an LLDPDU
because the entry table was full.
Total Neighbors Entries Aged Out: The number of times that a neighbor’s information has been deleted from the
LLDP remote systems MIB because the remote TTL timer has expired.
LLDP Statistics Local Counters
Local Port: The port number.
Tx Frames: The number of LLDP PDUs transmitted.
Rx Frames: The number of LLDP PDUs received.
Rx Errors: The number of received LLDP frames with some kind of error.
Frames Discarded: The number of frames discarded because they did not conform to the general validation rules as
well as any specific usage rules defined for the particular Type Length Value (TLV).
TLVs Discarded: Each LLDP frame can contain multiple pieces of information, known as TLVs. If a TLV is malformed, it
is counted and discarded.
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TLVs Unrecognized: The number of well-formed TLVs, but with an unknown type value.
Org. Discarded: The number of organizational TLVs discarded.
Age-Outs: Each LLDP frame contains information about how long the LLDP information is valid (age-out time). If no
new LLDP frame is received within the age-out time, the LLDP information is removed, and the Age-Out counter is
incremented.
4.3.10 MAC Table
4.3.10.1 Configuration
Aging Configuration
Disable Automatic Aging: Learned MAC addresses will appear in the table permanently.
Aging Time: Set up the aging time for a learned MAC to be appeared in MAC learning table. The allowed range
is 10 to 1000000 seconds.
MAC Learning Table
MAC Learning Table: Three options are available on each port.
Auto: On a given port, learning is automatically done once unknown SMAC is received.
Disable: Disable MAC learning function.
Secure: Only static MAC entries listed in “Static MAC Table Configuration” are learned. Others will be dropped.
NOTE: Make sure that the link used for managing the switch is added to the Static Mac Table before changing to
secure learning mode, otherwise the management link is lost and can only be restored by using another non-secure
port or by connecting to the switch via the serial interface.
Static MAC Table Configuration
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Static MAC Table Configuration: This table is used to manually set up static MAC entries. The total entries that can be
entered are 64.
Delete: Delete this MAC address entry.
VLAN ID: Specify the VLAN ID for this entry.
Port Members: Check or uncheck the ports. If the incoming packet has the same destination MAC address as the
one specified in VID, it will be forwarded to the checked port directly.
4.3.10.2 MAC Address Table
The MAC Address Table shows both static and dynamic MAC addresses learned from CPU or switch ports. You can
enter the starting VLAN ID and MAC addresses to view the desired entries.
Type: Display whether the learned MAC address is static or dynamic.
VLAN ID: The VLAN ID associated with this entry.
MAC Address: The MAC address learned on CPU or certain ports.
Port Members: Ports associated with this entry.
4.3.11 VLANs
IEEE 802.1Q VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) is a popular and cost-effectively way to segment your networking
deployment by logically grouping devices with similar attributes irrespective of their physical connections. VLANs also
segment the network into different broadcast domains so that packets are forwarded to ports within the VLAN that
they belong. Using VLANs provides the following main benefits:
VLANs provide extra security: Devices that frequently communicate with each other are grouped into the same
VLAN. If devices in a VLAN want to communicate with devices in a different VLAN, the traffic must go through a
routing device or Layer 3 switching device.
VLANs help control traffic: Traditionally, when networks are not segmented into VLANs, congestion can be easily
caused by broadcast traffic that is directed to all devices. To minimize the possibility of broadcast traffic
damaging the entire network, VLANs can help group devices that communicate frequently with other in the same
VLAN so as to divide the entire network into several broadcast domains.
VLANs make changes of devices or relocation more easily: In traditional networks, when moving a device
geographically to a new location (for example, move a device in floor 2 to floor 4), the network administrator may
need to change the IP or even subnet of the network or require re-cabling. However, by using VLANs, the original IP
settings can remain the same and re-cabling can be reduced to minimal.
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4.3.11.1 Configuration
Global VLAN Configuration
Allowed Access VLANs: This shows the allowed access VLANs. This setting only affects ports set in “Access” mode.
Ports in other modes are members of all VLANs specified in “Allowed VLANs” field. By default, only VLAN 1 is specified.
More allowed access VLANs can be entered by specifying the individual VLAN ID separated by comma. If you want to
specify a range, separate it by a dash. For example, 1, 5, 10, 12-15, 100
Ethertype for Custom S-ports: Specify ether type used for customer s-ports.
Port VLAN Configuration
Port: List the number of each port. “Port *” settings apply to all ports.
Mode: The port mode (default is Access) determines the fundamental behavior of the port in question. A port can be
in one of three modes as described below. Whenever a particular mode is selected, the remaining fields in that row
will be either grayed out or made changeable depending on the mode in question. Grayed out fields show the value
that the port will get when the mode is applied.
Access: Access ports are normally used to connect to end stations. Dynamic features like Voice VLAN may add the
port to more VLANs behind the scenes. Access ports have the following characteristics:
 Member of exactly one VLAN, the Port VLAN (a.k.a. Access VLAN), which by default is 1.
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 Accepts untagged and C-tagged frames.
 Discards all frames that are not classified to the Access VLAN.
 On egress all frames classified to the Access VLAN are transmitted untagged. Other (dynamically added
VLANs) are transmitted tagged.
Trunk: Trunk ports can carry traffic on multiple VLANs simultaneously, and are normally used to connect to other
switches. Trunk ports have the following characteristics:




By default, a trunk port is member of all VLANs (1-4095).
The VLANs that a trunk port is member of may be limited by the use of “Allowed VLANs”.
Frames classified to a VLAN that the port is not a member of are discarded.
By default, all frames but frames classified to the Port VLAN (a.k.a. Native VLAN) get tagged on egress.
Frames classified to the Port VLAN do not get C-tagged on egress.
 Egress tagging can be changed to tag all frames, in which case only tagged frames are accepted on
ingress.
Hybrid: Hybrid ports resemble trunk ports in many ways, but adds additional port configuration features. In
addition to the characteristics described for trunk ports, hybrid ports have these abilities:
 Can be configured to be VLAN tag unaware, C-tag aware, S-tag aware, or S-custom-tag aware.
 Ingress filtering can be controlled.
 Ingress acceptance of frames and configuration of egress tagging can be configured independently.
Port VLAN: Configures the VLAN identifier for the port. The allowed values are from 1 through 4095. The default value
is 1.
The Port VLAN is called an "Access VLAN" for ports in Access mode and Native VLAN for ports in Trunk or Hybrid mode.
Port Type: When you select “Hybrid” mode, the Port Type field becomes selectable. There are four port types
available. Each port type’s ingress and egress action is described in the following table.
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Action
Port Type
Unaware
C-port
S-port
S-custom port
Ingress Action
Egress Action
When a tagged frame is received on a port,
3. If the tagged frame with TPID=0x8100, it
becomes a double-tag frame and is
forwarded.
4. If the TPID of tagged frame is not 0x8100
(ex. 0x88A8), it will be discarded.
When an untagged frame is received on a port,
a tag (PVID) is attached and then forwarded.
When a tagged frame is received on a port,
3. If a tagged frame with TIPID=0x8100, it is
forwarded.
4. If the TPID of tagged frame is not 0x8100
(ex. 0x88A8), it will be discarded.
When an untagged frame is received on a port,
a tag (PVID) is attached and then forwarded.
When a tagged frame is received on a port,
3. If a tagged frame with TPID=0x88A8, it is
forwarded.
4. If the TPID of tagged frame is not 0x88A8
(ex. 0x8810), it will be discarded.
When an untagged frame is received on a port,
a tag (PVID) is attached and then forwarded.
When a tagged frame is received on a port,
3. If a tagged frame with TPID=0x88A8, it is
forwarded.
4. If the TPID of tagged frame is not 0x88A8
(ex. 0x8810), it will be discarded.
When an untagged frame is received on a port,
a tag (PVID) is attached and then forwarded.
The TPID of frame transmitted by
Unaware port will be set to 0x8100.
The final status of the frame after
egressing are also affected by egress
rule.
The TPID of frame transmitted by Cport will be set to 0x8100.
The TPID of frame transmitted by Sport will be set to 0x88A8
The TIPID of frame transmitted by Scustom-port will be set to an selfcustomized value, which can be set
by the user using the column of
Ethertype for Custom S-ports.
Ingress Filtering: If Ingress Filtering is enabled and the ingress port is not a member of a VLAN, the frame from the
ingress port is discarded. By default, ingress filtering is disabled.
Ingress Acceptance: Select the acceptable ingress traffic type on a port.
Tagged and Untagged: Both tagged and untagged ingress packets are acceptable on a port.
Tagged Only: Only tagged ingress packets are acceptable on a port. Untagged packets will be dropped.
Untagged Only: Only untagged ingress packets are acceptable on a port. Tagged packets will be dropped.
Egress Tagging: The action taken when packets are sent out from a port.
Untag Port VLAN: Frames that carry PVID will be removed when leaving from a port. Frames with tags other than
PVID will be transmitted with the carried tags.
Tag All: Frames are transmitted with a tag.
Untag All: Frames are transmitted without a tag. This option is only available for ports in Hybrid mode.
Allowed VLAN: Ports in Trunk and Hybrid mode may control which VLANs they are allowed to become members of.
Access ports can only be member of one VLAN, the Access VLAN. By default, a Trunk or Hybrid port will become
member of all VLANs, and is therefore set to 1-4095.
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Forbidden VLAN: A port may be configured to never be member of one or more VLANs. This is particularly useful
when dynamic VLAN protocols like MVRP and GVRP must be prevented from dynamically adding ports to VLANs. The
trick is to mark such VLANs as forbidden on the port in question. By default, the field is left blank, which means that
the port may become a member of all possible VLANs.
4.3.11.2 Membership
This page shows the current VLAN membership saved on the Switch.
VLAN ID: VLANs that are already created.
Port members: Display member ports on the configured VLANs.
4.3.11.3 Ports
This page shows the current VLAN settings on a per-port basis saved on the Switch.
Port: The port number.
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Port Type: Display the selected port type on a port.
Ingress Filtering: Display whether Ingress Filtering is enabled or disabled.
Frame Type: Display the accepted frame type on a port.
Port VLAN ID: The port VLAN ID assigned to a port.
Tx Tag: Display the Egress action on a port.
Untagged VLAN ID: Display the untagged VLAN ID. A port's UVID determines the packet's behavior at the egress side.
If the VID of Ethernet frames leaving a port match the UVID, these frames will be sent untagged.
Conflicts: Display whether conflicts exist or not. When a software module requests to set VLAN membership or VLAN
port configuration, the following conflicts can occur:
*Functional conflicts between features.
*Conflicts due to hardware limitations.
*Direct conflicts between user modules.
4.3.11.4 VLAN Translation
VLAN Translation is especially useful for users who want to translate the original VLAN ID to a new VLAN ID so as to
exchange data across different VLANs and improve VLAN scaling. VLAN translation replaces an incoming C-VLAN tag
with an S-VLAN tag instead of adding an additional tag. When configuring VLAN Translation, both ends of the link
normally must be able to replace tags appropriately. In other words, both ends must be configured to translate the CVLAN tag to S-VLAN tag and S-VLAN tag to C-VLAN tag appropriately in a network. Note that only access ports support
VLAN translation. It is not recommended to configure VLAN Translation on trunk ports.
The “VLAN Translation” menu contains the following sub menus. Select the appropriate one to configure settings or
view its status.
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4.3.11.4.1 Port to Group Mapping
Group ID: The total VLAN Translation group can be used is 11 which is automatically created in Group Mapping Table
when entering “Port to Group Mapping” page. A port can be mapped to any of the groups. Multiple ports can be
mapped to a single group with the same Group ID.
NOTE: By default, each port is mapped to a group with a group ID equal to the port number. For example, port 2 is
mapped to the group with ID is 2.
Port Number: Click the appropriate radio button to include a port into a group.
4.3.11.4.2 VID Translation Mapping
Group ID: Indicate the Group ID that applies to this translation rule.
VLAN ID: Indicate the VLAN ID that will be mapped to a new VID.
Translated to VID: Indicate the new VID to which VID of ingress frames will be changed.
Click the “Add New Entry” button once to add a new VLAN Translation entry.
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4.3.12 Private VLANs
The “Private VLANs” menu contains the following sub menus. Select the appropriate one to configure its detailed
settings.
4.3.12.1 PVLAN Membership
This page is used to configure private VLANs. New Private VLANs can be added here and existing VLANs can be
modified. Private VLANs are based on the source port mask and there are no connections to VLANs which means that
VLAN IDs and Private VLAN IDs can be identical. A port must be a member of both a VLAN and a Private VLAN to be
able to forward packets. By default, all ports are VLAN unaware and members of VLAN 1 and Private VLAN 1. A VLAN
unaware port can only be a member of one VLAN, but it can be a member of multiple Private VLANs.
PVLAN ID: Specify the PVLAN ID. Valid values are 1 to 11.
Port Members: Select the checkbox, if you would like a port to belong to a certain Private VLAN. Uncheck the
checkbox to remove a port from a Private VLAN.
Delete: Delete this VLAN membership entry.
Add New VLAN: Click the button once to add a new VLAN entry.
Save: VLAN membership changes will be saved and new VLANs are enabled after clicking “Save” button.
Reset: Click “Reset” button to clear all unsaved VLAN settings and changes.
4.3.12.2 Port Isolation
Private VLAN is used to group ports together so as to prevent communications within PVLAN. Port Isolation is used to
prevent communications between customer ports in a same Private VLAN. The port that is isolated from others
cannot forward any unicast, multicast or broadcast traffic to any other ports in the same PVLAN.
Port Number: Select the checkbox if you want a port or ports to be isolated from other ports.
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4.3.13 GVRP
GVRP (GVRP VLAN Registration Protocol) is defined in the IEEE 802.1Q standard and enables the switch to dynamically
create IEEE 802.1Q compliant VLANs between GVRP-enabled devices. With GVRP, VLAN information can be
automatically propagated from device to device so as to reduce errors when creating VLANs manually and provide
VIDs consistency across network.
This section provides configuration pages for users to set up GVRP timers and enable GVRP on a per-port basis.
4.3.13.1 Global Config
Enable GVRP: Select the checkbox to globally enable GVRP function.
Join-time: Specify the amount of time in units of centi-seconds that PDUs are transmitted. The default value is 20
centi-seconds. The valid value is 1~20.
Note: The “Leave-time” parameter must be three times greater than or equal to Join time.
Leave-time: Specify the amount of time in units of centi-seconds that the device waits before deleting the associated
etry. The leave time is activated by a “Leave All-time” message sent/received and cancelled by the Join message. The
default value is 60 centi-seconds.
LeaveAll-time: Specify the amount of time that “LeaveAll” PDUs are created. A LeaveAll PDU indicates that all
registrations are shortly de-registered. Participants will need to rejoin in order to maintain registration. The valid value
is 1000 to 5000 centi-seconds. The factory default 1000 centi-seconds.
NOTE: The “LeaveAll-time” parameter must be greater than the “Leave-time” parameter.
Max VLANs: The maximum number of VLANs can be learned via GVRP.
4.3.13.2 Port Config
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Port: The port number.
Mode: Enable GVRP on a per port basis.
4.3.14 VCL
The “VCL” menu contains the following sub menus.
4.3.14.1 MAC-based VLAN
MAC-based VLAN configuration page is to set up VLANs based on source MAC addresses. When ingress untagged
frames are received by a port, source MAC address is processed to decide which VLAN these untagged frames belong.
When source MAC addresses does not match the rules created, untagged frames are assigned to the receiving port’s
native VLAN ID (PVID).
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MAC Address: Indicate the source MAC address. Please note that the source MAC address can only map to one VLAN
ID.
VLAN ID: Map this MAC address to the associated VLAN ID.
Port Members: Ports that belong to this VLAN.
Save: Changes will be saved and newly entered rules are enabled after clicking “Save” button.
Click “Add New Entry” to create a new rule.
Delete: Click “Delete” to remove this entry.
4.3.14.2 Protocol-based VLAN
The network devices required to support multiple protocols cannot be easily grouped into a common VLAN. This may
require non-standard devices to pass traffic between different VLANs in order to encompass all the devices
participating in a specific protocol. This kind of configuration deprives users of the basic benefits of VLANs, including
security and easy accessibility.
To avoid these problems, you can configure this switch with protocol-based VLANs that divide the physical network
into logical VLAN groups for each required protocol. When a frame is received at a port, its VLAN membership can
then be determined based on the protocol type being used by the inbound packets.
4.3.14.2.1 Protocol to Group
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Frame Type: There are three frame types available for selection; these are “Ethernet”, “SNAP”, and “LLC”. The value
field will change accordingly.
Value: This field specifically indicates the protocol type. This value field varies depending on the frame type you
selected.
Ethernet: Ether Type (etype) value. By default, it is set to 0x0800. The range allowed is 0x0600 to 0xffff.
SNAP: This includes OUI (Organizationally Unique Identifier) and PID (Protocol ID) values.
OUI: A value in the format of xx-xx-xx where each pair (xx) in the string is a hexadecimal value in the ranges
of 0x00-0xff.
PID: If the OUI is hexadecimal 000000, the protocol ID is the Ethernet type field value for the protocol
running on top of SNAP. If the OUI is that of a particular organization, the protocol ID is a value assigned by
that organization to the protocol running on top of SNAP. In other words, if value of the OUI field is 00-00-00,
then value of the PID will be etherType (0x0600-0xffff), and if value of the OUI is other than 00-00-00, then
valid value of the PID will be any value from 0x0000 to 0xffff.
LLC (Logical Link Control): This includes DSAP (Destination Service Access Point) and SSAP (Source Service Access
Point) values. By default, the value is 0xff. Valid range is 0x00 to 0xff.
Group Name: Indicate the descriptive name for this entry. This field only allows 16 alphabet characters (a-z; A-Z) or
integers (0-9).
4.3.14.2.2 Group to VLAN
Group Name: Indicate the descriptive name for this entry. This field only allows 16 alphabet characters (a-z; A-Z) or
integers (0-9).
VLAN ID: Indicate the VLAN ID.
Port Members: Assign ports to this rule.
Click the “Add New Entry” button to insert a new entry to the list.
Click the “Delete” button to remove a newly-inserted entry or select the checkbox to remove a saved entry during the
next save.
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4.3.14.3 IP Subnet-based VLAN
IP Subnet-based VLAN configuration is to map untagged ingress frames to a specific VLAN if the source address is
found in the IP subnet-to-VLAN mapping table. When IP subnet-based VLAN classification is enabled, the source
address of untagged ingress frames are checked against the IP subnet-to-VLAN mapping table. If an entry is found for
that subnet, these frames are assigned to the VLAN indicated in the entry. If no IP subnet is matched, the untagged
frames are classified as belonging to the receiving port’s VLAN ID (PVID).
VCE ID: Index of the entry. Valid range is 0-256.
IP Address: Indicate the IP address for this rule.
Mask Length: Indicate the network mask length.
VLAN ID: Indicate the VLAN ID
Port Members: Assign ports to this rule.
Click the “Add New Entry” button to insert a new entry to the list.
Click the “Delete” button to remove a newly-inserted entry or select the checkbox to remove a saved entry during the
next save.
4.3.15 QoS
Network traffic is always unpredictable and the only basic assurance that can be offered is the best effort traffic
delivery. To overcome this challenge, Quality of Service (QoS) is applied throughout the network. This ensures that
network traffic is prioritized according to specified criteria and receives preferential treatments.
QoS enables you to assign various grades of network service to different types of traffic, such as multi-media, video,
protocol-specific, time critical, and file-backup traffic. To set up the priority of packets in this switch, go to “Port
Classification” page.
The “QoS” menu contains the following sub menus.
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4.3.15.1 Ingress
4.3.15.1.1 Port Classification
Port: List of the number of each port. “Port *” rules will apply to all ports.
CoS: Indicate the Class of Service level. A CoS class of 0 has the lowest priority. By Default, 0 is used.
DPL: Select the default Drop Precedence Level.
PCP: Select the appropriate value for the default Priority Code Point (or User Priority) for untagged frames.
DEI: Select the appropriate value for the default Drop Eligible Indicator for untagged frames.
Tag Class: This field displays classification mode for tagged frames on this port:
Disabled: Use the default QoS class and DP level for tagged frames.
Enabled: Use the mapped versions of PCP and DEI for tagged frames.
DSCP Based: Select the checkbox to enable DSCP based QoS (Ingress Port).
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4.3.15.1.2 Port Shaping
Enabled: Select the checkbox to enable port shaping function on a port.
Rate: Indicate the rate for the port shaping. By default, 500kbps is used. The allowed range for kbps and fps is 100 to
1000000. The allowed range for Mbps and kfps is 1 to 3300Mbps.
Unit: Select the unit of measure for the port shaping.
Burst Size: Indicate in bits (or bytes) per burst how much traffic can be sent within a given unit of time to not create
scheduling concerns.
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4.2.15.1.3 Port Policing
This page allows users to set each port’s allowed bandwidth.
Port: The port number. “Port *” settings apply to all ports.
Enabled: Select the checkbox to enable port policing function on a port.
Rate: Indicate the rate for the policer. By default, 500kbps is used. The allowed range for kbps and fps is 100 to
1000000. The allowed range for Mbps and kfps is 1 to 3300Mbps.
Unit: Select the unit of measure for the policer.
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4.3.15.1.4 Queue Policing
Port: The port number. “Port *” settings apply to all ports.
Queue 0~7 Enable: Select the appropriate checkboxes to enable queue policing function on switch ports.
When enabled, the following image will appear:
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Rate: Indicate the rate for the ingress queue policer. By default, 500kbps is used. Allowed range for kbps is 100 to
1000000. Allowed range for Mbps is 1 to 3300Mbps.
Unit: Select he unit of measure for the ingress queue policer.
Save: Save the current running configurations to memory.
Reset: Clear all selected settings.
4.3.15.2 Egress
4.3.15.2.1 Port Scheduler
Port: Click the port to set up detailed settings for port scheduler.
Mode: Display scheduler mode selected.
Weight: Display the weight in percentage assigned to Q0 – Q5.
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This page allows you to set up the Schedulers and Shapers for a specific port.
Scheduler Mode: The device offers two modes to handle queues.
Strict mode: This gives egress queues with higher priority to be transmitted first before lower priority queues are
serviced.
Weight mode: Deficit Weighted Round-Robin (DWRR) queuing which specifies a scheduling weight for each
queue. (Options: Strict, Weighted; Default: Strict) DWRR services the queues in a manner similar to WRR, but the
next queue is serviced only when the queue’s Deficit Counter becomes smaller than the packet size to be
transmitted.
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Queue Shaper/Port Shaper/Queue Shaper
Enable: Select the checkbox to enable queue shaper on a certain queue for this selected port.
Rate: Indicate the rate for the queue shaper. By default, 500kbps is used. Allowed range for kbps is 100 to 1000000.
Allowed range for Mbps is 1 to 13200Mbps.
Unit: Select he unit of measure for the queue shaper.
Excess: Select the checkbox to allow excess bandwidth.
Queue Schedule
Queue Scheduler: When Scheduler Mode is set to Weighted, the user needs to indicate a relative weight for each
queue. DWRR uses a predefined relative weight for each queue that determines the percentage of service time the
switch services each queue before moving on to the next queue. This prevents the head-of-line blocking that can
occur with strict priority queuing.
Weight: Assign a weight to each queue. This weight sets the frequency at which each queue is polled for service and
subsequently affects the response time software applications assigned a specific priority value.
Percent: The weight as a percentage for this queue.
Port Shaper
Enable: Select the checkbox to enable Port shaper.
Rate: Indicate the rate for Port Shaper. By default, 500kbps is used. Allowed range for kbps is 100 to 1000000. Allowed
range for Mbps is 1 to 13200Mbps.
Unit: Select the rate of measure
4.3.15.2.2 Port Shaping
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This displays each port’s queue shaper and port shaper’s rate.
Click the port number to modify or reset queue shaper and port shaper’s rates. See “Port Scheduler” for detailed
explanation on each configuration option.
4.3.15.2.3 Port Tag Remarking
Tag Remarking Mode: Select the appropriate remarking mode used by this port.
Classified: Use classified PCP/DEI values.
Default: Use default PCP/DEI values (Default PCP:0; Default DEI:0).
Mapped: Use the mapping of the classified QoS class values and DP levels to PCP/DEI values.
QoS class/DP level: Show the mapping options for QoS class values and DP levels (drop precedence).
PCP: Remarks matching egress frames with the specified Priority Code Point (or User Priority) value. (Range: 0-7;
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Default: 0)
DEI: Remarks matching egress frames with the specified Drop Eligible Indicator. (Range: 0-1; Default: 0)
4.3.15.3 Port DSCP
Port: The port number. “Port *” settings apply to all ports.
Ingress Translate: Select the checkbox to enable ingress translation of DSCP values based on the selected classification
method.
Ingress Classify: Select the appropriate classification method:
Disable: No ingress DSCP classification is performed.
DSCP=0: Classify if incoming DSCP is 0.
Selected: Classify only selected DSCP for which classification is enabled in DSCP Translation table
All: Classify all DSCP.
Egress Rewrite: Configure port egress rewriting of DSCP values.
Disable: Egress rewriting is disabled.
Enable: Enable egress rewriting is enabled but with remapping.
Remap: DSCP from analyzer is remapped and frame is remarked with remapped DSCP value.
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4.3.15.4 DSCP-Based QoS Ingress Classification
DSCP: DSCP value in ingress packet. DSCP range is from 0 to 63.
Trust: Select the checkbox to indicate that DSCP value is trusted. Only trusted DSCP values are mapped to a specific
QoS class and drop precedence level (DPL). Frames with untrusted DSCP values are treated as non-IP frames.
QoS Class: Select the QoS class to the corresponding DSCP value for ingress processing. By default, 0 is used. Allowed
range is 0 to 7.
DPL: Select the drop precedence level to the corresponding DSCP value for ingress processing. By default, 0 is used.
The value “1” has the higher drop priority.
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4.3.15.5 DSCP Translation
DSCP: DSCP value in ingress packet. DSCP range is from 0 to 63.
Ingress Translate: Enable Ingress Translation of DSCP values based on the specified classification method.
Ingress Classify: Enable classification at ingress side as defined in the QoS port DSCP Configuration Table.
Egress Remap: Enable egress remap based on the specified classification method.
4.3.15.6 DSCP Classification
Map DSCP values to QoS class and DPL value.
QoS Class: List of actual QoS class values.
DSCP: Select the DSCP value to map QoS class and DPL value. DSCP value selected for “*” will map to all QoS class and
DPL value.
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4.3.15.7 QoS Control List
Quality of Service control list is used to establish policies for handling ingress packets based on frame type, MAC
address, VID, PCP, DEI values. Once a QCE is mapped to a port, traffic matching the first entry in the QoS Control List is
assigned to the QoS class, drop precedence level, and DSCP value defined by that entry. Traffic not matching any of
the QCEs are classified to the default QoS Class for the port.
This page displays rules created in QoS control list (QCL) only. The maximum number of QCL is 256 on this device. Click
the plus sign to insert a new QCL to the list.
QCE#: Display Quality Control Entry index.
Port: Display the port number that uses this QCL.
DMAC: Destination MAC address. Possible values are Any, Broadcast, Multicast, Unicast.
SMAC: Source MAC address.
Tag Type: The value of tag field can be “Untagged”, “Tagged” or “Any”.
VID: Display VLAN ID (1-4095)
PCP: Display PCP value.
DEI: Display DEI value.
Frame Type: Display the frame type to look for in incoming frames. Possible frame types are Any, Ethernet, LLC SNAP,
IPv4, IPv6.
Action: Display the classification action taken on ingress frames when the configured parameters are matched in the
frame’s content. If a frame matches the QCL, the following actions will be taken.
CoS: If a frame matches the QCL, it will be put in the queue corresponding to the specified QoS class.
DPL: The drop precedence level will be set to the specified value.
DSCP: The DSCP value will be set to the specified value.
You can modify each QCE (QoS Control Entry) in the table using the following buttons:
: Insert a new QCE before the current row.
: Edit the QCE entry.
: Move the QCE up the list.
: Move the QCE down the list.
: Delete the QCE.
: The lowest plus sign add a new entry at the bottom of the QCE listings.
Once
is clicked in display page, the following page will appear.
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QCE Configuration
Port Members: Select ports that use this rule.
Key Parameters
SMAC: Select source MAC address type. By default, any is used. Select “Specific” to specify a source MAC (first three
bytes of the MAC address or OUI).
DMAC Type: Select destination MAC address type. By default, any is used. Other options available are “UC” for unicast,
“MC” for multicast, and “BC” for broadcast.
Tag: Select VLAN tag type (Tag or Untag). By default, any type is used.
VID: Select VID preference. By default, any VID is used. Select “Specific”, if you would like to designate a VID to this
QCL entry. Or Select “Range”, if you would like to map a range of VIDs to this QCL entry.
PCP: Select a PCP value (either specific value or a range of values are provided). By default, any is used.
DEI: Select a DEI value. By default, any is used.
Frame Type: The frame types can be selected are listed below.
Any: By default, any is used which means that all types of frames are allowed.
Ethernet: This option can only be used to filter Ethernet II formatted packets (Options: Any, Specific – 600-ffff hex;
Default: ffff). Note that 800 (IPv4) and 86DD (IPv6) are excluded. A detailed listing of Ethernet protocol types can
be found in RFC 1060. A few of the more common types include 0800 (IP), 0806 (ARP), 8137 (IPX).
LLC: LLC refers to Link Logical Control and further provides three options.
SSAP: SSAP stands for Source Service Access Point address. By default, any is used. Select specific to indicate
a value (0x00 - 0xFF).
DSAP: DSAP stands for Destination Service Access Point address. By default, any is used. Select specific to
indicate a value (0x00 to 0xFF).
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Control: Control field may contain command, response, or sequence information depending on whether the
LLC frame type is Unnumbered, Supervisory, or Information. By default, any is used. Select specific to
indicate a value (0x00 to 0xFF).
SNAP: SubNetwork Access Protocol can be distinguished by an OUI and a Protocol ID. (Options for PID: Any,
Specific (0x00-0xffff); Default: Any) If the OUI is hexadecimal 000000, the protocol ID is the Ethernet type
(EtherType) field value for the protocol running on top of SNAP. If the OUI is that of a particular organization,
the protocol ID is a value assigned by that organization to the protocol running on top of SNAP. In other
words, if value of the OUI field is 00-00-00, then value of the PID will be etherType (0x0600-0xffff), and if
value of the OUI isother than 00-00-00, then valid value of the PID will be any value from 0x0000 to 0xffff.
IPv4:
Protocol: IPv4 frame type includes Any, TCP, UDP, Other. If “TCP” or “UDP” is selected, you might
further define Sport (Source port number) and Dport (Destination port number).
Source IP: Select source IP type. By default, any is used. Select “Specific” to indicate self-defined
source IP and submask format. The address and mask must be in the format x.y.z.w where x, y, z,
and w are decimal numbers between 0 and 255. When the mask is converted to a 32-bit binary
string and read from left to right, all bits following the first zero must also be zero
IP Fragment: By default, any is used. Datagrams sometimes may be fragmented to ensure they can
pass through a network device that uses a maximum transfer unit smaller than the original packet’s
size.
DSCP: By default, any is used. Select “Specific” to indicate a DSCP value. Select “Range” to indicate a
range of DSCP value.
IPv6:
Protocol: IPv6 protocol includes Any, TCP, UDP, Other. If “TCP” or “UDP” is selected, you may need
to further define Sport (Source port number) and Dport (Destination port number).
SIP (32 LSB): Select source IP type. By default, any is used. Select “Specific” to indicate self-defined
source IP and submask format.
DSCP: By default, any is used. Select “Specific” to indicate a DSCP value. Select “Range” to indicate a
range of DSCP value.
Action Parameters
Specify the classification action taken on ingress frame if the parameters match the frame’s content. The actions taken
include the following:
CoS: If a frame matches the QCE, it will be put in the queue corresponding to the specified CoS class.
DPL: If a frame matches the QCE, the drop precedence level will be set to the selected value or left unchanged.
DSCP: If a frame matches the QCE, the DSCP value will be set to the selected one.
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4.3.15.8 Storm Control
Storm Control is used to keep a network from downgraded performance or a complete halt by setting up a threshold
for traffic like broadcast, unicast and multicast. When a device on the network is malfunctioning or application
programs are not well designed or properly configured, storms may occur and will degrade network performance or
even cause a complete halt. The network can be protected from storms by setting a threshold for specified traffic on
the device. Any specified packets exceeding the specified threshold will then be dropped.
Enable: Enable Unicast storm, Multicast storm or Broadcast storm protection.
Rate (pps): Select the packet threshold. The packets received exceed the selected value will be dropped.
4.3.15.9 WRED
Queue: The queue number. Queue 0 to 5 can apply to Random Early Detection (RED). However, RED cannot be
applied to Queue 6 and 7.
Enable: Select the checkbox to enable RED on a particular queue.
Min. threshold: Specify the lowest RED threshold. If the average queue filling level is below this threshold, the drop
probability is zero. This valid value for this field is 0~100.
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Max. DP 1: Controls the drop probability for the frames marked in drop precedence level 1 when the average queue
filling level is 100%. The valid value is 0~100.
Max. DP 2: Controls the drop probability for the frames marked in drop precedence level 2 when the average queue
filling level is 100%. The valid value is 0~100.
Max. DP 3: Controls the drop probability for the frames marked in drop precedence level 3 when the average queue
filling level is 100%. The valid value is 0~100.
4.3.16 Mirroring
Port to mirror: Select the mirror port to which rx or tx traffic will be mirrored. Or disable port mirroring function.
Mode: There are four modes that can be used on each port.
Disabled: Disable the port mirroring function on a given port.
Rx only: Only frames received on this port are mirrored on the mirror port.
Tx only: Only frames transmitted on this port are mirrored on the mirror port.
Enable: Both frames received and transmitted re mirrored on the mirror port.
4.3.17 UPnP
Mode: Enable or disable UPnP operation.
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TTL: TTL (Time to live) is used to configure how many steps an UPnP advertisement can travel before it disappears.
Advertising Duration: This defines how often an UPnP advertisement is sent. The duration is carried in Simple Service
Discover Protocol (SSDP) packets which informs a control point how often it should receive a SSDP advertisement
message from the switch. By default, the advertising duration is set to 100 seconds. However, due to the unreliable
nature of UDP, it is recommended to set to the shorter duration since the shorter the duration, the fresher is UPnP
status.
4.3.18 L2CP
L2CP stands for Layer 2 Control Protocol and contains Ethernet control protocols such as Spanning Tree BPDUs, LACP,
Pause frames, etc. A L2CP frame has a specific destination address (DA) belonging to reserved multicast MAC address
ranges. MEF defines L2CP processing rules for Ethernet Frames carrying a MAC destination address (DA) within the
range of 01-80-C2-00-00-00 through 01-80-C2-00-00-0F and 01-80-C2-00-00-20 through 01-80-C2-00-00-2F. Therefore,
if a vendor defines L2CP frames outside the specified MAC DA ranges, the L2CP handling rules do not apply to these
frames.
DMAC: The destination MAC address. The MAC DA range for Bridge block of protocol is 01-80-C2-00-00-00 through
01-80-C2-00-00-0F and for GARP block of protocol is 01-80-C2-00-00-20 through 01-80-C2-00-00-2F.
L2CP Mode: Select the L2CP frame handling mode for the corresponding destination MAC address (DMAC).
Peer: Redirect to CPU to allow peering/tunneling/discard depending on ECE and protocol configuration.
Forward: Allow peering/forwarding/tunneling/discarding depending on ECE and protocol configuration.
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4.3.19 Diagnostics
The “Diagnostics” menu provides ping function to test the connectivity of a certain IP.
4.3.19.1 Ping
This Ping function is for ICMPv4 packets.
IP Address: Enter the IP address that you wish to ping.
Ping Length: The size or length of echo packets.
Ping Count: The number of echo packets will be sent.
Ping Interval: The time interval between each ping request.
4.3.19.2 Ping6
This Ping function is for ICMPv6 packets.
IP Address: Enter the IP address that you wish to ping.
Ping Length: The size or length of echo packets.
Ping Count: The number of echo packets will be sent.
Ping Interval: The time interval between each ping request.
Egress Interface: The VLAN ID (VID) of the specific egress IPv6 interface which ICMP packet goes. The VID ranges from
1 to 4094 and will be effective only when the corresponding IPv6 interface is valid. When this field is not specified,
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Ping6 will find the best match interface for destination. Do not specify egress interface for loopback address. Do
specify egress interface for link-local or multicast address.
4.3.20 Maintenance
The “Maintenance” menu contains several sub menus. Select the appropriate sub menu to restart the device, set the
device to the factory default or upgrade firmware image.
4.3.20.1 Reboot
Click “Yes” button to reboot the switch.
4.3.20.2 Factory Defaults
Click “Yes” button to reset your device to factory defaults settings. Please note that all changed settings will be lost. It
is recommended that a copy of the current configuration is saved to your local device.
4.3.20.3 Software
4.3.20.3.1 Upload
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Update the latest Firmware file.
Select a Firmware file from your local device and then click “Upload” to start updating.
4.3.20.3.2 Image Select
Select the image file to be used in this device.
4.3.20.4 Configuration
4.3.20.4.1 Save running-config to startup-config
Click on the “Save Configuration” button to save current running configurations to startup configurations.
4.3.20.4.2 Backup
running-config: Download a copy of the current running configurations to your local device.
default-config: Download a copy of the factory default configurations to your local device.
startup-config: Download a copy of startup configurations to your local device.
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4.3.20.4.3 Restore
Select a file and then click “Upload Configuration” to start uploading the file.
4.3.20.4.4 Activate
Select the file that you would like to use. Click on the “Activate Configuration” to replace configurations to the
selected one.
4.3.20.4.5 Delete
Select the file that you would like to delete. Click on the “Delete Configuration File” to remove the file from the device.
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Version
V0.9a
V0.9b
V0.9c
Software version
V1.038
V1.038
V1.038
V0.9d
V1.038
V0.9e
V1.041
Revision notes
Preliminary version
Change MSW wordings to ICS
Revise default IP address to 10.1.1.1
Revise power spec. in page 20
Revise Rear panel and front panel section
Change panel pictures to new ones.
Revise "web privilege" command
Re-organize the whole sctructure (FW problem)
Add L2CP (Web, CLI??)
Add GVRP (Web)
Remove eps, evc, green-ethernet, voice vlan from CLI.
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