gpc/gph 13 seer “m” series with r-410a

INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
FOR SELF-CONTAINED PACKAGE
AIR CONDITIONERS AND HEAT PUMP UNITS
GPC/GPH 13 SEER “M” SERIES
WITH R-410A
RECOGNIZE THIS SYMBOL AS A SAFETY PRECAUTION.
ATTENTION INSTALLING PERSONNEL
Prior to installation, thoroughly familiarize yourself with this Installation Manual. Observe all safety warnings. During
installation or repair, caution is to be observed.
It is your responsibility to install the product safely and to educate the customer on its safe use.
These installation instructions cover the outdoor
installation of self contained package air conditioners
and heating units. See the Specification Sheets
applicable to your model for information regarding
accessories.
*NOTE: Please contact your distributor or our
website for the applicable Specification Sheets
referred to in this manual.
Goodman Manufacturing Company, L.P.
5151 San Felipe, Suite 500, Houston, TX 77056
www.goodmanmfg.com
www.amana-hac.com
IO-395C
7/2012
© 2010-2012 Goodman Manufacturing Company, L.P.
is a registered trademark of Maytag Corporation or its related companies and is used under
license to Goodman Company, L.P., Houston, TX. All rights reserved.
ELECTRICAL ADJUSTMENTS.............................. 12
MAINTENANCE ...................................................... 13
SERVICE ............................................................ 13
INADEQUATE AIR VOLUME THROUGH INDOOR COIL ..... 13
OUTSIDE AIR INTO RETURN DUCT .......................... 13
UNDERCHARGE ....................................................13
POOR “TERMINATING” SENSOR CONTACT ................13
MALFUNCTIONING REVERSING VALVE THIS MAY BE DUE TO: ....................................... 13
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART ............................. 14
APPENDIX ............................................................... 15
UNIT DIMENSIONS ................................................ 15
MINIMUM CLEARANCES ...................................... 16
RECOMMENDED FILTER SIZES .......................... 16
INDEX
TO THE INSTALLER ................................................2
TO THE OWNER ...................................................2
SHIPPING INSPECTION ..........................................3
REPLACEMENT PARTS ..........................................3
ORDERING PARTS ..................................................3
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ........................................3
CODES AND REGULATIONS ..................................3
EPA REGULATIONS ................................................4
NATIONAL CODES ..................................................4
MAJOR COMPONENTS ..........................................4
PRE-INSTALLATION CHECKS................................4
CLEARANCES AND ACCESSIBILITY ..............................4
UNIT LOCATION ......................................................4
GROUND LEVEL PRE-INSTALLATION DETAILS ...............4
ROOF TOP PRE-INSTALLATION DETAILS .....................4
ROOF CURB INSTALLATIONS ONLY ............................5
RIGGING DETAILS ..................................................5
CIRCULATING AIR AND FILTERS ...........................5
AIRFLOW CONVERSION ...........................................5
DUCT WORK ..........................................................6
FILTERS ...............................................................6
PIPING .......................................................................6
CONDENSATE DRAIN ...............................................6
WIRING ......................................................................7
HIGH VOLTAGE WIRING ...........................................7
LOW VOLTAGE WIRING ............................................7
INTERNAL WIRING ...................................................7
STARTUP, ADJUSTMENTS, AND CHECKS ...........8
START-UP PROCEDURE AND CHECKLIST .....................8
HEAT PUMP START-UP PROCEDURE ..........................8
FINAL SYSTEM CHECKS ..........................................8
COMPONENTS ........................................................8
CRANKCASE HEATER ..............................................8
CONDENSER MOTOR ..............................................9
COMPRESSOR .......................................................9
CONTACTOR RELAY ................................................9
DEFROST CONTROL ................................................9
OUTDOOR THERMOSTAT ..........................................9
REVERSING VALVE COIL .........................................9
INDOOR BLOWER MOTOR ........................................9
BLOWER INTERLOCK RELAY .....................................9
HEAT PUMP OPERATION .......................................9
COOLING CYCLE ...................................................9
HEATING CYCLE ....................................................9
DEFROST CONTROL .............................................. 10
SUGGESTED FIELD TESTING/TROUBLE SHOOTING ...... 10
AIRFLOW MEASUREMENT AND ADJUSTMENT ............... 10
SPEED TAP ADJUSTMENTS
FOR INDOOR BLOWER MOTOR ........................... 12
REFRIGERANT CHARGE CHECKS ............................. 12
WARNING
INSTALLATION AND REPAIR OF THIS UNIT SHOULD BE
PERFORMED ONLY BY INDIVIDUALS MEETING (AT A MINIMUM )
THE REQUIREMENTS OF AN “ENTRY LEVEL TECHNICIAN ” AS
SPECIFIED BY THE AIR -CONDITIONING, HEATING, AND
REFRIGERATION INSTITUTE (AHRI). ATTEMPTING TO
INSTALL OR REPAIR THIS UNIT WITHOUT SUCH BACKGROUND MAY
RESULT IN PRODUCT DAMAGE, PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH .
TO THE INSTALLER
Carefully read all instructions for the installation prior to installing
unit. Make sure each step or procedure is understood and any
special considerations are taken into account before starting installation. Assemble all tools, hardware and supplies needed to
complete the installation. Some items may need to be purchased
locally. After deciding where to install unit, closely look the location
over - both the inside and outside of home. Note any potential
obstacles or problems that might be encountered as noted in this
manual. Choose a more suitable location if necessary.
IMPORTANT NOTE: If a crankcase heater is used, the unit
should be energized 24 hours prior to compressor start up to
ensure crankcase heater has sufficiently warmed the compressor. Compressor damage may occur if this step is not followed.
IMPORTANT NOTE
WARRANTY
TO THE
OWNER
REGARDING
PRODUCT
Your warranty certificate is supplied as a separate document
with the unit installed by your contractor. Read the limited
warranty certificate carefully to determine what is and is not
covered and keep the warranty certificate in a safe place. If
you are unable to locate the warranty certificate please contact
your installing contractor or contact customer service (877254-4729) to obtain a copy.
To receive the 10-year Parts Limited Warranty, online
registration must be completed within 60 days of installation.
Online registration is not required in California or Quebec.
Complete warranty details available from your local dealer or, for
Goodman® brand products, visit www.goodmanmfg.com, and for
Amana® brand products, visit www.amana-hac.com.
2
IMPORTANT: To register your Goodman ® brand unit, go to
www.goodmanmfg.com and click “Warranty Registration”. Complete registration as prompted.
WARNING
DO NOT CONNECT TO OR USE ANY DEVICE THAT IS NOT DESIGN-CERTIFIED
BY GOODMAN FOR USE WITH THIS UNIT. SERIOUS PROPERTY DAMAGE,
PERSONAL INJURY, REDUCED UNIT PERFORMANCE AND/OR HAZARDOUS
To register your Amana® brand unit, go to www.amana-hac.com
and click “Warranty Registration”. Complete registration as
prompted.
CONDITIONS MAY RESULT FROM THE USE OF SUCH NON-APPROVED DEVICES.
Product limited warranty certificates for models currently in production can be viewed at www.goodmanmfg.com or www.amanahac.com. If your model is not currently in production or does not
appear on the website, please contact your installing contractor or
contact customer service (877-254-4729) to obtain a copy of your
warranty certificate.
WARNING
HIGH VOLTAGE!
DISCONNECT ALL POWER BEFORE SERVICING OR INSTALLING
THIS UNIT. M ULTIPLE POWER SOURCES MAY BE PRESENT. FAILURE
TO DO SO MAY CAUSE PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL INJURY OR
Each product overview page contains a Product Warranty link; by
clicking on it you will be able to view the limited warranty coverage
for that specific product. To view warranty registration information,
click on the Product Warranty text on the left navigation panel on the
home page of each website. The Online Product Registration pages
are located in this same section.
DEATH.
WARNING
CONNECTING UNIT
DUCT WORK TO UNAUTHORIZED HEAT PRODUCING DEVICES
SUCH AS A FIREPLACE INSERT, STOVE, ETC. MAY RESULT IN PROPERTY
DAMAGE, FIRE, CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING, EXPLOSION, PERSONAL
Before using this manual, check the serial plate for proper
model identification.
INJURY OR DEATH.
The installation and servicing of this equipment must be
performed by qualified, experienced technicians only.
WARNING
THIS PRODUCT CONTAINS OR PRODUCES A CHEMICAL OR CHEMICALS WHICH
SHIPPING INSPECTION
MAY CAUSE SERIOUS ILLNESS OR DEATH AND WHICH ARE KNOWN TO THE
STATE OF CALIFORNIA TO CAUSE CANCER, BIRTH DEFECTS OR OTHER
Upon receiving the unit, inspect it for damage from shipment.
Claims for damage, either shipping or concealed, should be filed
immediately with the shipping company. Check the unit model
number, specifications, electrical characteristics and accessories
to determine if they are correct. In the event an incorrect unit is
shipped, it must be returned to the supplier and must NOT be
installed. The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for installation of incorrectly shipped units.
REPRODUCTIVE HARM.
WARNING
TO AVOID PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH, DO NOT USE
THIS UNIT IF ANY PART HAS BEEN UNDER WATER. IMMEDIATELY CALL A
QUALIFIED SERVICE TECHNICIAN TO INSPECT THE FURNACE AND TO REPLACE
ANY PART OF THE CONTROL SYSTEM AND ANY GAS CONTROL HAVING BEEN
UNDER WATER.
REPLACEMENT PARTS
ORDERING PARTS
When reporting shortages or damages, or ordering repair parts,
give the complete unit model and serial numbers as stamped on
the unit’s nameplate.
Replacement parts for this appliance are available through your
contractor or local distributor. For the location of your nearest
distributor, consult the white business pages, the yellow page
section of the local telephone book or contact:
CONSUMER AFFAIRS
GOODMAN MANUFACTURING COMPANY, L.P.
7401 SECURITY WAY
HOUSTON, TEXAS 77040
877-254-4729
WARNING
TO PREVENT THE RISK OF PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL INJURY, OR DEATH,
DO NOT STORE COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS OR USE GASOLINE OR OTHER
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS OR VAPORS IN THE VICINITY OF THIS APPLIANCE.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
CODES AND REGULATIONS
The following symbols and labels are used throughout this manual
to indicate immediate or potential safety hazards. It is the owner’s
and installer’s responsibility to read and comply with all safety
information and instructions accompanying these symbols. Failure to heed safety information increases the risk of personal injury,
property damage, and/or product damage.
The GPC/GPH M-series air conditioners and heat pumps are designed for OUTDOOR USE ONLY. GPH M-Series is available in
cooling capacities of 2, 2-1/2, 3, 3-1/2, 4 and 5 nominal tons of
cooling. GPC M-Series is available in cooling capacities of 3, 4
and 5 nominal tons of cooling. Optional field installed heat kits are
available in 5,8,10,15 and 20 kW. 3 phase heat kits are available
only in 15 and 20 kW. The units can be easily installed in manufactured or modular homes with existing high-static duct work. The
units can also be easily converted to accommodate a plenum for
normal or low-static applications. The GPC/GPH M-series are self
contained packaged units so the only connections needed for
3
tion. Condenser air enters from three sides. Air discharges upward from the top of the unit. Refrigerant gauge connections are
made on the right side of the unit as you face the compressor
compartment. Electrical connections can be made either on the
right, bottom or duct panel side of the unit. The best and most
common application is for the unit to be located 10” from wall (4”
minimum) with the connection side facing the wall. This “close to
the wall” application minimizes exposed wiring.
installation are the supply and return ducts, the line and low
voltage wiring and drain connection. Rated performance is
achieved after 72 hours of operation. Rated performance is
delivered at the specified airflow. See outdoor unit specification
sheet for split system models or product specification sheet for
packaged and light commercial models. Specification sheets
can be found at www.goodmanmfg.com for Goodman® brand
products or www.amana-hac.com for Amana® brand products.
Within either website, please select the residential or commercial products menu and then select the submenu for the type of
product to be installed, such as air conditioners or heat pumps,
to access a list of product pages that each contain links to that
model’s specification sheet.
Close to the wall application assures free, unobstructed air to the
other two sides. In more confined application spaces, such as
corners provide a minimum 10” clearance on all air inlet sides.
Allow 18” minimum for service access to the compressor compartment and controls. The top of the unit should be completely
unobstructed. If units are to be located under an overhang, there
should be a minimum of 36” clearance and provisions made to
deflect the warm discharge air out from the overhang.
The information on the rating plate is in compliance with the FTC
& DOE rating for single phase units. The three phase units in
this series are not covered under the DOE certified program. The
efficiency ratings of these units are a product of thermal efficiency determined under continuous operating conditions independent of any installed system.
UNIT LOCATION
Consider the affect of outdoor fan noise on conditioned space and
any adjacent occupied space. It is recommended that the unit be
placed so that condenser air discharge does not blow toward
windows less than 25 feet away. Consideration should also be
given to shade and unit appearance.
Heat pumps require special location consideration in areas of
heavy snow accumulation and/or areas with prolonged continuous subfreezing temperatures. Heat pump unit bases have holes
under the outdoor coil to permit drainage of defrost water accumulation. The unit must be situated to permit free unobstructed drainage of the defrost water and ice. A minimum 2" clearance under
the outdoor coil is required in the milder climates.
EPA REGULATIONS
IMPORTANT: THE UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
AGENCY (EPA) HAS ISSUED VARIOUS REGULATIONS REGARDING
THE INTRODUCTION AND DISPOSAL OF REFRIGERANTS IN THIS UNIT.
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE REGULATIONS MAY HARM THE
ENVIRONMENT AND CAN LEAD TO THE IMPOSITION OF SUBSTANTIAL
FINES. BECAUSE REGULATIONS MAY VARY DUE TO PASSAGE OF NEW
LAWS, WE SUGGEST A CERTIFIED TECHNICIAN PERFORM ANY WORK
DONE ON THIS UNIT.
SHOULD YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS PLEASE
EPA.
GROUND LEVEL PRE-INSTALLATION DETAILS
CONTACT THE LOCAL OFFICE OF THE
The unit should be set on a solid, level foundation - preferably a
concrete slab at least 4 inches thick. The slab should be above
ground level and surrounded by a graveled area for good drainage.
Any slab used as a unit’s foundation should not adjoin the building
as it is possible that sound and vibration may be transmitted to the
structure.
NATIONAL CODES
This product is designed and manufactured to permit installation in accordance with National Codes. It is the installer’s responsibility to install the product in accordance with National
Codes and/or prevailing local codes and regulations.
MAJOR COMPONENTS
The unit includes a hermetically sealed refrigerating system (consisting of a compressor, condenser coil, evaporator coil with
flowrator), an indoor blower, a condenser fan and all necessary
internal electrical wiring. The heat pump also includes a reversing valve, solenoid, defrost thermostat and control and loss of
charge protection. The system is factory-evacuated, charged and
performance tested. Refrigerant amount and type are indicated
on rating plate.
PRE-INSTALLATION CHECKS
Before attempting any installation, the following points should
be considered:
• Structural strength of supporting members
• Clearances and provision for servicing
• Power supply and wiring
• Air duct connections
• Drain facilities and connections
• Location may be on any four sides of a home,
manufactured or modular, to minimize noise
Ground Level Installation
ROOF TOP PRE-INSTALLATION DETAILS
Ensure that the roof is weather tight and allows proper drainage of
condensation. Use steel or treated wood beams as unit support
for load distribution.
CLEARANCES AND ACCESSIBILITY
The unit is designed to be located outside the building with unobstructed condenser air inlet and discharge. Additionally, the
unit must be situated to permit access for service and installa-
NOTE: To ensure proper condensate drainage, unit must be installed in a level position.
4
•
•
•
RIGGING DETAILS
To avoid possible property damage or personal injury, the
roof must have sufficient structural strength to carry the
weight of the unit(s) and snow or water loads as required
by local codes. Consult a structural engineer to determine
the weight capabilities of the roof.
The unit may be installed directly on wood floors or on
Class A, Class B, or Class C roof covering material.
To avoid possible personal injury, a safe, flat surface for
service personnel should be provided.
WARNING
TO PREVENT PROPERTY DAMAGE, THE UNIT SHOULD REMAIN IN AN UPRIGHT
POSITION DURING ALL RIGGING AND MOVING OPERATIONS. TO FACILITATE
LIFTING AND MOVING WHEN A CRANE IS USED, PLACE THE UNIT IN AN
ADEQUATE CABLE SLING.
WARNING
TO AVOID POSSIBLE PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH,
ENSURE THE ROOF HAS SUFFICIENT STRUCTURAL STRENGTH TO CARRY THE
WEIGHT OF THE UNIT(S), ROOF CURB, SNOW LOADS, AND WATER LOADS AS
REQUIRED BY LOCAL CODES.
CONSULT A STRUCTURAL ENGINEER TO
DETERMINE THE WEIGHT CAPABILITIES OF THE ROOF.
CAUTION
TO AVOID POSSIBLE PERSONAL INJURY, A SAFE, FLAT SURFACE FOR SERVICE
PERSONNEL SHOULD BE PROVIDED.
IMPORTANT: If using bottom discharge with roof curb, duct work
should be attached to the curb prior to installing the unit.
Lower unit carefully onto roof mounting curb. While rigging unit,
center of gravity will cause condenser end to be lower than supply
air end.
Rooftop Installation
ROOF CURB INSTALLATIONS ONLY
NOTE: Sufficient structural support must be determined prior to
locating and mounting the curb and package unit.
Curb insulation, cant strips, flashing and general roofing material
are furnished by the contractor.
Curbing must be installed in compliance with the National Roofing
Contractors Association Manual. Construct duct work using current
industry guidelines. The duct work must be placed into the roof
curb before mounting the package unit.
Rigging
CIRCULATING AIR AND FILTERS
AIRFLOW CONVERSION
Units can easily be converted from horizontal to down-discharge
airflow delivery. In down-discharge or high static installations, the
installer should measure the total external static and review the
blower performance charts before performing the installation. In
some installations it will be necessary to change the blower speed
to provide proper air flow.
Horizontal Air Flow (Applies to 3 phase models)
Single phase models are shipped without horizontal duct
covers. If needed, these kits may be ordered through
Goodman’s Service Parts department.
Roof Curb Installation
5
FILTERS
CAUTION
TO PREVENT PROPERTY DAMAGE DUE TO FIRE AND LOSS OF
EQUIPMENT EFFICIENCY OR EQUIPMENT DAMAGE DUE TO DUST AND LINT
BUILD UP ON INTERNAL PARTS, NEVER OPERATE UNIT WITHOUT AN AIR
FILTER INSTALLED IN THE RETURN AIR SYSTEM.
Filters are not provided with unit and must be supplied and externally installed in the return duct system by the installer. An optional
factory approved internal filter rack may also be used. A field-installed filter grille is recommended for easy and convenient access to the filters for periodic inspection and cleaning. When
installing filters, ensure the air flow arrows on the filter are pointing
toward the circulator blower.
Refer to the unit filter size chart below for filter size information.
Remove these covers
for horizontal duct
applications
MINIMUM FILTER SIZE
NOMINAL SIZE (INCHES)
NOMINAL AREA
10x20
1.4
14x20
1.9
14x25
2.4
15x20
2.1
16x20
2.2
16x25
2.8
20x20
2.8
20x25
3.5
25x25
4.3
Return
Supply
Remove these panels
for downflow duct
applications
(SQ. FT.)
NOTE: Filters must have adequate face area for the rated quantity
of the unit. See the air delivery table below for recommended filter
size. Size the filters in accordance with their manufacturer recommendations. Throwaway filters must be sized for a maximum face
velocity of 300 feet per minute.
Duct Cover Installation
Down Discharge Applications
Cut insulation around bottom openings and remove panels from
the bottom of the unit, saving the screws holding the panels in
place.
7
Nominal Filter Area
Square Feet
NOTE: Single phase models require installation of horizontal duct
kit #20464501PDGK (medium chassis) and #20464502PDGK
(large chassis).
DUCT WORK
Duct systems and register sizes must be properly designed for
the C.F.M. and external static pressure rating of the unit. Duct work
should be designed in accordance with the recommended methods
of Air Conditioning Contractors of America Manual D (Residential)
or Manual Q (Commercial). All ductwork exposed to the outdoors
must include a weatherproof barrier and adequate insulation.
A duct system should be installed in accordance with Standards of
the National Board of Fire Underwriters for the Installation of Air
Conditioning, Warm Air Heating and Ventilating Systems. Pamphlets
No. 90A and 90B.
The supply duct from the unit through a wall may be installed
without clearance. However, minimum unit clearances as shown
in the appendix must be maintained. The supply duct should be
provided with an access panel large enough to inspect the air
chamber downstream of the heat exchanger. A cover should be
tightly attached to prevent air leaks.
For duct flange dimensions on the unit refer to the Unit Dimension
illustration in the appendix.
For down-discharge applications, the ductwork should be attached
to the roof curb prior to installing the unit. Duct work dimensions are
shown in the roof curb installation manual.
If desired, supply and return duct connections to the unit may be
made with flexible connections to reduce possible unit operating
sound transmission.
6
5
4
D
L
AB
OS
IS P
3
2
500
1000
1500
EF
IL T
ER
E
MAN
PER
2000
ER
FILT
NT
2500
3000
3500
Airflow - SCFM
PIPING
CONDENSATE DRAIN
The condensate drain connection of the evaporator is a half coupling of ¾” N.P.T. A trap must be provided to have Proper condensate drainage.
Unit
Drain
Connection
Flexible
Tubing-Hose
Or Pipe
2" Minimum
3" Minimum
A Positive Liquid Seal
Is Required
Install condensate drain trap as shown. Use ¾ “ drain connection
size or larger. Do not operate without trap. Unit must be level or
slightly inclined toward drain.
6
WIRING
NOTE: All wiring should be made in accordance with the National
Electrical Code.
Consult your local Power Company to determine the availability of
sufficient power to operate the unit. Check the voltage, frequency,
and phase at the power supply to ensure it corresponds to the unit’s
RATED VOLTAGE REQUIREMENT.
In accordance with the N.E.C. or local codes, install a branch circuit fused disconnect near the unit. Determine wire sizes and
overcurrent protection from the unit nameplate ampacity and in
accordance with the Minimum Filter Size or the N.E.C. The wiring
should never be sized smaller than is recommended by either of
these two sources.
HIGH VOLTAGE WIRING
•
Fuses smaller than that recommended on the rating plate could
result in unnecessary fuse failure or service calls. The use of
protective devices of larger size than indicated could result in extensive damage to the equipment. The manufacturer bears no
responsibility for damage caused to equipment as result of the
use of larger than is recommended size protective devices.
•
Single Phase- Two leads should be connected to terminals
L1 & L2 in the electrical control section, using wire sizes
specified in wiring table.
Three Phase- Three leads should be connected to
terminals L1, L2 and L3 in the electrical section, using
wire sizes specified in wiring table.
LOW VOLTAGE WIRING
•
All units have undergone a run test prior to packaging for shipment. This equipment has been started at minimum rated voltage
and checked for satisfactory operation. Do not attempt to operate
this unit if the voltage is not within the minimum and maximum
voltages shown on nameplate.
Air Conditioners- Connect 24V wires from the thermostat
to the corresponding wires in the control box using No. 18
AWG as follows:
LEAD
Red
Green
Yellow
White
Brown
All exterior wiring must be within approved weatherproof conduit.
The unit must be permanently grounded in accordance with local
codes, or in absence of local codes, with N.E.C ANSI/ NFPA NO.
70-1984 or latest edition by using ground lug in the control box.
Fuses or HACR type circuit breakers may be used where codes
permit.
•
FOR INTERNAL WIRING SEE WIRING LABEL ATTACHED TO UNIT
G
THERMOSTAT
R (24V)
G (Fan)
Y (Cool)
W1 (Heat)*
W2 (Heat)*
Heat Pumps- Connect 24V wires from the thermostat to
the corresponding wires in the control box using No. 18
AWG as follows:
TERMINAL THERMOSTAT
Red
R (24V)
Green
G (Fan)
Orange
O (Rev. Valve)
White
W1 (Heat, 2nd)*
Brown
W2 (Heat 3rd)*
Yellow
Y (Cool)
C (Blue)
C (Common)
See
*NOTE
G
*Optional field installed heat connections
INTERNAL WIRING
*NOTE: LOW VOLTAGE CONNECTORS do not apply to heat pumps with
electric heat. LOW VOLTAGE CONNECTORS apply ONLY to GPC units
with electric heat.
A diagram detailing the internal wiring of this unit is located on the
electrical box cover. If any of the original wire supplied with the appliance must be replaced, the wire gauge and insulation must be
the same as the original wiring.
Transformer is wired for 230 volts on the 208/230 models. See wiring diagram for 208 volt wiring.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Some single phase units are equipped with a
single-pole contactor. Exercise caution when servicing as only one
leg of the power supply is broken with the contractor.
To wire the unit, make the following high and low voltage connections.
1. For branch circuit wiring (main power supply to unit
disconnect), the minimum wire size for the length of run
can be determined using the circuit ampacity found on the
unit rating plate and the table below. From the unit
disconnect to unit, the smallest wire size allowable may be
used for the ampacity, as the Disconnect must be in sight
of the unit.
7
3. Slowly raise the heating temperature setting. When the
heating first stage makes contact, stop raising the
temperature setting.. The compressor, blower and fan
should now be running with the reversing valve in the deenergized (heating) position. After giving the unit time to
settle out, make sure the unit is supplying heated air.
BRANCH CIRCUIT AMPACITY 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
SUPPLY WIRE LENGTH FEET
200
6
4
4
4
3
3
2
2
150
8
6
6
4
4
4
3
3
100
50
10 8
8
6
14 12 10 10
6
8
6
8
4
6
4
6
4. If the outdoor ambient is above 80°F, the unit may trip on
its high pressure cut out when on heating. The compressor
should stop. The heating cycle must be thoroughly
checked, so postpone the test to another day when
conditions are more suitable. DO NOT FAIL TO TEST.
2. Wire size based on 60° C rated wire insulation and 30° C
Ambient Temperature (86° F).
3. For more than 3 conductors in a raceway or cable, see the
N.E.C. for derating the ampacity of each conductor.
5. If the outdoor ambient is low and the unit operates properly
on the heating cycle, you may check the pressure cutout
operation by blocking off the indoor return air until the unit
trips.
STARTUP, ADJUSTMENTS, AND CHECKS
6. If unit operates properly in the heating cycle, raise the
temperature setting until the heating second stage makes
contact. Supplemental resistance heat, if installed should
now come on. Make sure it operates properly.
WARNING
HIGH VOLTAGE!
DISCONNECT ALL POWER BEFORE SERVICING OR INSTALLING
THIS UNIT. M ULTIPLE POWER SOURCES MAY BE PRESENT. FAILURE
NOTE: If outdoor thermostats are installed, the outdoor
ambient must be below the set point of these thermostats
for the heaters to operate. It may be necessary to jumper
these thermostats to check heater operation if outdoor
ambient is mild.
TO DO SO MAY CAUSE PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL INJURY OR
DEATH.
START-UP PROCEDURE AND CHECKLIST
7. For thermostats with emergency heat switch, return to step
6. The emergency heat switch is located at the bottom of
the thermostat. Move the switch to emergency heat. The
heat pump will stop, the blower will continue to run, all
heaters will come on and the thermostat emergency heat
light will come on. 3-phase models are single stage heat
only.
With power turned off at all disconnects:
1. Turn thermostat system switch to “COOL” and fan switch
to “AUTO”. Next, turn the temperature setting as high as it
will go.
2. Inspect all registers and set them to the normal open
position.
8. If checking the unit in the wintertime, when the outdoor coil
is cold enough to actuate the defrost control, observe at
least one defrost cycle to make sure the unit defrosts
completely.
3. Turn on the electrical supply at the disconnect.
4. Turn the fan switch to the “ON” position. The blower should
operate after a 7-second delay.
5. Turn the fan switch to “AUTO” position. The blower should
stop after a 65-second delay.
FINAL SYSTEM CHECKS
6. Slowly lower the cooling temperature until the unit starts.
The compressor, blower and fan should now be operating.
Allow the unit to run 10 minutes, make sure cool air is being
supplied by the unit.
1. Check to see if all supply and return air grilles are adjusted
and the air distribution system is balanced for the best
compromise between heating and cooling.
7. Turn the temperature setting to the highest position,
stopping the unit. The indoor blower will continue to run for
65-seconds.
3. See Sections on Air Flow Measurement and Adjustment
and Checking Charge.
2. Check for air leaks in the ductwork.
4. Make sure the unit is free of “rattles”, and the tubing in the
unit is free from excessive vibration. Also make sure tubes
or lines are not rubbing against each other or sheet metal
surfaces or edges. If so, correct the trouble.
8. Turn the thermostat system switch to “OFF” and disconnect
all power when servicing the unit.
HEAT PUMP START-UP PROCEDURE
5. Set the thermostat at the appropriate setting for cooling
and heating or automatic changeover for normal use.
1. Check the cooling mode for the heat pump in the same
manner as above. The reversing valve is energized when
the thermostat is placed in the cooling position. A clicking
sound should be noticeable from the reversing valve. By
lowering the temperature setting to call for cooling, the
contractor is energized. The compressor, blower and fan
should then be running. After the cooling mode is checked
out, turn the thermostat system switch to “OFF”.
6. Be sure the Owner is instructed on the unit operation,
filter, servicing, correct thermostat operation, etc.
The foregoing “Start-up Procedure and Check List” is recommended to serve as an indication that the unit will operate normally.
2. Turn the thermostat system switch to “HEAT” and fan switch
to “AUTO”.
Crankcase Heater
COMPONENTS
This item is “ON” whenever power is supplied to the unit and the
crankcase heater thermostat is closed. Crankcase heater
thermostat closes at 67° and opens at 85°. It warms the compressor
8
crankcase thereby preventing liquid migration and subsequent
compressor damage. The insert type heater is self regulating. It is
connected electrically to the contactor L1 and L2 terminals.
Condenser Motor
This item is activated by the contactor during heating and cooling,
except during defrost and emergency heat operation.
Compressor
This item is activated by the contactor for heating and cooling,
except during emergency heat. It is protected by an internal overload.
Contactor Relay
This control is activated by the thermostat (24V coil) and supplies
power to the compressor and condenser fan motor.
Defrost Control
The Defrost control provides time/temperature initiation and termination of the defrost cycle. When a Defrost cycle is initiated, the
defrost control shifts the reversing valve to “COOLING” mode, stops
the outdoor fan and brings on supplemental heat. Normally, a
Defrost cycle will take only 2-3 minutes unless system is low on
charge or outdoor conditions are severe. (windy and cold). The
defrost control also provides for a 3 minute off cycle compressor
delay.
Outdoor Thermostat
These optional controls are used to prevent full electric heater
operation at varying outdoor ambient (0° F-to 45° F). They are normally open above their set points and closed below to permit staging of indoor supplement heater operation. If the outdoor ambient
temperature is below 0° F (-18° C) with 50% or higher RH, an
outdoor thermostat (OT) must be installed and set at (0°) on the
dial. Failure to comply with this requirement may result in damage
to the product which may not be covered by the manufacturer’s
warranty.
Reversing Valve Coil
This coil is activated by the thermostat, in the cooling mode and
during defrost. It positions the reversing valve pilot valve for cooling
operation.
Indoor Blower Motor
This is activated by the room thermostat by COOLING or FAN ON
position. The motor is energized through the EBTDR for PSC motors and directly by the room thermostat for EEM motors (4 or 5 Ton
units). EEM motors are constant torque motors with very low power
consumption. This motor is energized by a 24V signal from the
thermostat. (See Air Flow Measurement and Adjustment for speed
adjustment instructions).
Blower Interlock Relay (Single Phase PSC Models Only)
This relay is used to energize the blower during the electric heat
operation. Some room thermostats do not energize the motor during electric heat. This relay insures blower operation when the
room thermostat energizes heat. This relay has a 240 volt coil and
an 8 amp contact relay. This relay is energized by the electric heat
kit sequencer.
HEATING CYCLE
The heat pump operates in the heating cycle by redirecting refrigerant flow through the refrigerant circuit external to the compressor. This is accomplished with through the reversing valve. Hot
discharge vapor from the compressor is directed to the indoor coil
(evaporator on the cooling cycle) where the heat is removed, and
the vapor condenses to liquid. It then goes through the expansion
device to the outdoor coil (condenser on the cooling cycle) where
the liquid is evaporated, and the vapor goes to the compressor.
C O O LIN G
S E RV IC E P O RT
R E V E RS IN G V A LV E
S E RV IC E VA LV E
S E R V IC E P O R T
A C C U M U LA TO R
CO MPRESSOR
IN DO O R
C O IL
E X P A NS IO N D EV IC E
CONDENSER
EVAPORATOR
D IS T RIB U TO R
S E R V IC E PO R T
C H E C K V AL V E
O R IF ICE
S E R V IC E
V A LV E
C H E CK V A LV E
O R IF IC E
O U TDO O R
CO IL
H E A TIN G
S E R V IC E P O R T
RE V E R S IN G V A L V E
S E R V IC E V A LV E
A C CU M U LA TO R
IN D O O R
CO IL
DIS T R IBU TO R
DIS T R IB U TO R
S E RV IC E PO R T
C H E CK V A LV E
O R IF IC E S E R V IC E
VA LV E
CH E C K VA L V E
O R IF IC E
EVAPORATOR
CONDENSER
CO M P R E SS O R
O U TDO O R
C O IL
When the solenoid valve coil is operated either from heating to
cooling or vice versa, the piston in the reversing valve to the low
pressure (high pressure) reverse positions in the reversing valve.
The following figures show a schematic of a heat pump on the cooling cycle and the heating cycle. In addition to a reversing valve, a
heat pump is equipped with an expansion device and check valve
for the indoor coil, and similar equipment for the outdoor coil. It is
also provided with a defrost control system.
The expansion devices are flowrator distributors and perform the
same function on the heating cycle as on the cooling cycle. The
flowrator distributors also act as check valves to allow for the reverse of refrigerant flow.
When the heat pump is on the heating cycle, the outdoor coil is
functioning as an evaporator. The temperature of the refrigerant in
the outdoor coil must be below the temperature of the outdoor air
in order to extract heat from the air. Thus, the greater the difference
in the outdoor temperature and the outdoor coil temperature, the
greater the heating capacity of the heat pump. This phenomenon
is a characteristic of a heat pump. It is a good practice to provide
HEAT PUMP OPERATION
COOLING CYCLE
When the heat pump is in the cooling cycle, it operates exactly as
a Summer Air Conditioner unit. In this mode, all the charts and
data for service that apply to summer air conditioning apply to the
heat pump. Most apply on the heating cycle except that “condenser”
becomes “evaporator”, “evaporator” becomes “condenser”, “cooling” becomes “heating”.
9
supplementary heat for all heat pump installations in areas where
the temperature drops below 45° F. It is also a good practice to
provide sufficient supplementary heat to handle the entire heating
requirement should there be a component failure of the heat pump,
such as a compressor, or refrigerant leak, etc.
Since the temperature of the refrigerant in the outdoor coil on the
heating cycle is generally below freezing point, frost forms on the
surfaces of the outdoor coil under certain weather conditions of
temperature and relative humidity. Therefore, it is necessary to
reverse the flow of the refrigerant to provide hot gas in the outdoor
coil to melt the frost accumulation. This is accomplished by reversing the heat pump to the cooling cycle. At the same time, the
outdoor fan stops to hasten the temperature rise of the outdoor
coil and lessen the time required for defrosting. The indoor blower
continues to run and the supplementary heaters are energized.
8. The control is shipped from the factory with the compressor
delay option selected. This will de-energize the
compressor contactor for 30 seconds on defrost initiation
and defrost termination. If the jumper is set to Normal, the
compressor will continue to run during defrost initiation
and defrost termination. The control will also ignore the
low pressure switch connected to R-PS1 and PS2 for 5
minutes upon defrost initiation and 5 minutes after defrost
termination.
9. After the unit’s defrost thermostat has terminated, check
the defrost thermostat for 24 volts between “DFT” and “C”.
The reading should indicate 0 volts (open sensor).
10.Shut off power to unit.
11. Replace outdoor fan motor lead to terminal “DF2” on defrost
board and turn on power.
DEFROST CONTROL
AIRFLOW MEASUREMENT AND ADJUSTMENT
During operation the power to the circuit board is controlled by a
temperature sensor, which is clamped to a feeder tube entering
the outdoor coil. Defrost timing periods of 30,60 and 90 minutes
may be selected by setting the circuit board jumper to 30, 60 and
90 respectively. Accumulation of time for the timing period selected
starts when the sensor closes (approximately 31° F), and when
the wall thermostat calls for heat. At the end of the timing period,
the unit’s defrost cycle will be initiated provided the sensor remains closed. When the sensor opens (approximately 75° F), the
defrost cycle is terminated and the timing period is reset. If the
defrost cycle is not terminated due to the sensor temperature, a
twelve minute override interrupts the unit’s defrost period.
After reviewing Duct Work section, proceed with airflow measurements and adjustments. The unit blower curves (see Specification Sheets) are based on external static pressure (ESP per in/wc).
The duct openings on the unit are considered internal static pressure. As long as ESP is maintained, the unit will deliver the proper
air up to the maximum static pressure listed for the CFM required
by the application (i.e. home, building, etc.)
In general, 400 CFM per ton of cooling capacity is a rule of thumb.
Some applications depending on the sensible and latent capacity
requirements may need only 350 CFM or up to 425 CFM per ton.
Check condition space load requirements (from load calculations)
and equipment expanded ratings data to match CFM and capacity.
After unit is set and duct work completed, verify the ESP with a
1-inch inclined manometer with pitot tubes or a Magnahelic gauge
and confirm CFM to blower curves in the Specification Sheets. All
units have three-speed blower motors. If low speed is not utilized,
the speed tap can be changed to medium or high speed.
SUGGESTED FIELD TESTING/TROUBLE SHOOTING
1. Run unit in the heating mode (room thermostat calling for
heat).
2. Check unit for proper charge. Note: Bands of frost on the
condenser coil indicate low refrigerant charge.
3. Shut off power to unit.
4. Disconnect outdoor fan by removing the outdoor fan motor
wire from “DF2” on defrost control.
5. Restart unit and allow frost to accumulate.
6. After a few minutes of operation, the unit’s defrost
thermostat should close. To verify this, check for 24 volts
between “DFT” and “C” on board. If the temperature at the
thermostat is less than 28° F and the thermostat is open,
replace the unit’s defrost thermostat, as it is defective.
7. When the unit’s defrost thermostat has closed, short the
test pins on the defrost board until the reversing valve
shifts, indicating defrost. This should take up to 22
seconds depending on what timing period the control is
set on. After defrost initiation, the short must instantly be
removed or the unit’s defrost period will only last 3
seconds.
NOTE: Never run CFM below 350 CFM per ton, evaporator freezing
or poor unit performance is possible.
10
GPC1360M41*
GPC1360M43*
GPC1348M41*
GPC1348M43*
GPC1336M41*
GPC1336M43*
Model
E.S.P (In. of H2O)
Volts
Speed
LOW
230
MED
230
CFM
WATTS
CFM
WATTS
CFM
230
WATTS
CFM
230
WATTS
CFM
230
WATTS
CFM
230
WATTS
CFM
230
WATTS
CFM
230
WATTS
CFM
230
WATTS
HIGH
T1 (G)
T2 / T3
T4 / T5
T1 (G)
T2 / T3
T4 / T5
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
1122
338
1078
330
1032
321
972
310
915
300
804
283
687
264
558
250
1387
456
1521
534
1,140
275
1331
440
1454
521
1,395
285
1264
428
1388
510
1,360
295
1209
412
1311
490
1,310
315
1119
399
1230
477
1,265
325
1041
382
1144
461
1,235
335
935
363
1055
442
1,190
345
748
330
939
420
1,130
355
1,795
475
1,765
490
1,715
505
1,695
520
1,650
530
1,600
535
1,500
510
1,375
475
1,860
515
1,820
530
1,785
545
1,745
565
1,700
570
1,625
550
1,515
535
1,395
485
1,755
420
1,720
435
1,685
455
1,645
460
1,615
475
1,570
490
1,530
500
1,465
500
1,850
480
1,820
500
1,775
515
1,735
525
1,705
535
1,675
555
1,610
545
1,495
520
2,180
770
2,125
755
2,050
725
1,975
700
1,875
675
1,800
640
1,655
575
1,530
540
NOTES:
• Data shown does not include
filter pressure drop, approx.
0.08” H20.
• ALL MODELS SHOULD RUN
NO LESS THAN 350 CFM/
TON.
• Reduce airflow by 2% for
208-volt operation.
GPH1324M41*
GPH1330M41*
and 0.3” H20, for four-row
indoor coil.
GPH1336M41*
GPH1336M43*
0.2” H2O, for three-row
indoor coil;
GPH1342M41*
0.1” H20, for two-row indoor
coil;
GPH1348M41*
GPH1348M43*
Wet coil pressure drop is
approximately:
Model
GPH1360M41*
GPH1360M43*
• Data shown is dry coil.
Speed
Low
Med
High
Low
Med
High
Low
Med
High
Low
Med
230
230
230
230
230
230
230
230
230
230
230
High
230
T1 (G)
230
T2 / T3
(W2)
T4 / T5
(Y)
T1 (G)
T2 / T3
W2
T4 / T5
Y
E.S.P (In. of H2O)
Volts
230
230
230
230
230
CFM
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
667
596
--------
--------
--------
--------
--------
--------
WATTS
153
150
--------
--------
--------
--------
--------
--------
CFM
897
841
784
713
610
--------
--------
--------
WATTS
233
229
224
217
207
--------
--------
--------
CFM
1242
1181
1122
1057
982
883
719
617
WATTS
373
364
354
344
333
318
298
284
CFM
1097
1059
1016
959
901
818
648
562
WATTS
337
330
324
315
305
290
271
257
CFM
1253
1204
1148
1097
1033
952
777
670
WATTS
397
388
379
369
356
342
313
297
CFM
1448
1380
1323
1258
1194
1106
1008
864
WATTS
499
483
472
459
446
427
410
382
CFM
1122
1078
1032
972
915
804
687
558
WATTS
338
330
321
310
300
283
264
250
CFM
1387
1331
1264
1209
1119
1041
935
748
WATTS
456
440
428
412
399
382
363
330
CFM
1521
1454
1388
1311
1230
1144
1055
939
WATTS
534
521
510
490
477
461
442
420
CFM
1122
1078
1032
972
915
804
687
558
WATTS
338
330
321
310
300
283
264
250
CFM
1387
1331
1264
1209
1119
1041
935
748
WATTS
456
440
428
412
399
382
363
330
CFM
1521
1454
1388
1311
1230
1144
1055
939
WATTS
CFM
534
1,440
521
1,395
510
1,360
490
1,310
477
1,265
461
1,235
442
1,190
420
1,130
WATTS
275
285
295
315
325
335
345
355
CFM
1,795
1,765
1,715
1,695
1,650
1,600
1,500
1,375
WATTS
475
490
505
520
530
535
510
475
CFM
1,860
1,820
1,785
1,745
1,700
1,625
1,515
1,395
WATTS
515
530
545
565
570
550
535
485
CFM
1,755
1,720
1,685
1,645
1,615
1,570
1,530
1,465
WATTS
420
435
455
460
475
490
500
500
CFM
1,850
1,820
1,775
1,735
1,705
1,675
1,610
1,495
WATTS
480
500
515
525
535
555
545
520
CFM
2,180
2,125
2,050
1,975
1,875
1,800
1,655
1,530
WATTS
770
755
725
700
675
640
575
540
11
SPEED TAP ADJUSTMENTS FOR INDOOR BLOWER MOTOR
SATURATED LIQUID PRESSURE
TEMPERATURE CHART
PSC Motor
Adjust the CFM by changing the speed tap of the indoor blower
motor at the EBTDR “COM” connection with one of the speed taps
on “M1” or “M2”. (Black-High Speed, Blue-Medium Speed, RedLow Speed.)
Liquid
Pressure
PSIG
200
210
220
225
235
245
255
265
275
285
295
305
325
355
375
405
EEM Motor
Adjust the CFM by changing the 24V low voltage lead at the speed
terminal block on the motor. (T1-Low Speed, T2 and T3-Medium
Speed, T4 and T5-High Speed).
REFRIGERANT CHARGE CHECKS
After completing airflow measurements and adjustments, the unit’s
refrigerant charge must be checked. The unit is factory charged
based on 400 CFM per ton at minimum ESP per AHRI test conditions (generally between .15 - .25 ESP). When air quantity or ESP
is differs from this, charge must be readjusted to the proper amount.
All package units are charged to the superheat method at the
compressor suction line (these are fixed orifice devices).
For charging in the warmer months, 8 +/-3ºF superheat at the compressor is required at conditions: 95ºF outdoor ambient (dry bulb
temperature), 80ºF dry bulb / 67ºF wet bulb indoor ambient, approximately 50% humidity. This superheat varies when conditions
vary from the conditions described.
A superheat charge chart is available for other operating conditions. Use it to provide the correct superheat at the conditions the
unit is being charged at.
After superheat is adjusted it is recommended to check unit subcooling at the condenser coil liquid line out. In most operating
conditions 10 - 15ºF of sub-cooling is adequate.
SYSTEM SUPERHEAT
SUPERHEAT CAN BE DETERMINED AS FOLLOWS:
1. Read suction pressure. Determine Saturated Suction
Temperature from tables or pressure gauge saturated
temperature scale (R-410A).
2. Read suction line temperature.
3. Use the following formula:
SUPERHEAT = SUCTION LINE TEMP - SAT. SUCTION TEMP
SUPERHEAT = SUCTION LINE TEMP - SAT. SUCTION TEMP
ELECTRICAL ADJUSTMENTS
SATURATED SUCTION PRESSURE
TEMPERATURE CHART
Suction
Pressure
PSIG
50
52
54
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
71
76
78
80
Saturated Liquid
Temperature °F
R-410A
70
73
76
78
80
83
85
88
90
92
95
97
101
108
112
118
This series of electric cooling and, heat pump package equipment
is designed to accept a field installed electric heat kit. The unit is
equipped to easily install the HKR Series single phase and HKR3
Series 208-230 volt three phase Electric Heat Kits. Full Installation
Instructions are included in this kit. Please use this document for
guidance in field equipping the package unit with electric heat.
Choose the heat kit that fits the application for the specific installation. Permanently mark the unit’s nameplate with the model being
installed. High and low voltage connections are detailed in the heat
kit instructions.
Indoor Blower motor speed tap selection may need to be modified
to accommodate normal continuous operation to prevent a nuisance trip. See following table.
Saturated Suction
Temperature °F
R-410A
1
3
4
6
7
8
10
11
13
14
15
16
17
19
20
21
SUBCOOLING = SAT. LIQUID TEMP. - LIQUID LINE TEMP.
12
Unit Model Number
GPH1324M41**
GPH1330M41**
GPH/GPC1336M41**
GPH1342M41**
GPH/GPC1348M41**
GPH/GPC1360M41**
5
M(F)
M(F)
M
M
3(F )
3(F )
Electric Heat
8
10
M(F)
M(F)
M(F)
M(F)
H(F )
M
H(F )
M
3(F)
3(F )
3(F)
3(F )
GPC1336M43**
GPC1348M43**
GPC1360M43**
GPH1336M43**
GPH1348M43**
GPH1360M43**
------M
3(F )
3(F )
------M
3(F)
3(F)
------H(F )
3(F )
3(F )
INADEQUATE AIR VOLUME THROUGH INDOOR COIL
KW
15
H
H
H(F )
H(F )
3(F)
3(F)
20
NA
NA
NA
NA
3( F)
3( F)
H(F )
3(F)
3(F)
H(F )
3(F)
3(F)
NA
3( F)
3( F)
NA
3( F)
3( F)
When a heat pump is in the heating cycle, the indoor coil is functioning as a condenser. The return air filter must always be clean,
and sufficient air volume must pass through the indoor coil to
prevent excessive discharge pressure, and high pressure cut out.
OUTSIDE AIR INTO RETURN DUCT
Do not introduce cold outside air into the return duct of a heat
pump installation. Do not allow air entering the indoor coil to drop
below 65° F. Air below this temperature will cause low discharge
pressure, thus low suction pressure, and excessive defrost cycling resulting in low heating output. It may also cause false defrosting.
UNDERCHARGE
An undercharged heat pump on the heating cycle will cause low
discharge pressure resulting in low suction pressure and frost
accumulation on the outdoor coil.
*(F) - Factory Setting
Speed Taps Description: H / 4, 5 - High; M / 2, 3 - Medium; L / 1 - Low
3 speed (H)igh/(M)edium/(L)ow: PSC motor
4 speed (H)igh/(ML)Medium Low/ (MH) Medium High/(L)ow: PSC motor
1/2/3/4/5: EEM motor
POOR “TERMINATING” SENSOR CONTACT
The unit’s defrost terminating sensor must make good thermal
contact with the outdoor coil tubing. Poor contact may not terminate the unit’s defrost cycle quickly enough to prevent the unit from
cutting out on high discharge pressure.
MAINTENANCE
MALFUNCTIONING REVERSING VALVE - THIS MAY BE DUE TO:
WARNING
1. Solenoid not energized - In order to determine if the
solenoid is energized, touch the nut that holds the solenoid
cover in place with a screwdriver. If the nut magnetically
holds the screwdriver, the solenoid is energized and the
unit is in the cooling cycle.
2. No voltage at unit’s solenoid - Check unit voltage. If no
voltage, check wiring circuit.
3. Valve will not shift:
a. Undercharged - check for leaks;
b. Valve Body Damaged - Replace valve;
c. Unit Properly Charged - If it is on the heating cycle,
raise the discharge pressure by restricting airflow
through the indoor coil. If the valve does not shift, tap it
lightly on both ends with a screwdriver handle. DO NOT
TAP THE VALVE BODY. If the unit is on the cooling cycle,
raise the discharge pressure by restricting airflow
through the outdoor coil. If the valve does not shift after
the above attempts, cut the unit off and wait until the
discharge and suction pressure equalize, and repeat
above steps. If the valve does not shift, replace it.
HIGH VOLTAGE!
DISCONNECT ALL POWER BEFORE SERVICING OR INSTALLING
THIS UNIT. M ULTIPLE POWER SOURCES MAY BE PRESENT. FAILURE
TO DO SO MAY CAUSE PROPERTY DAMAGE, PERSONAL INJURY OR
DEATH.
The Self Contained Package Air Conditioner and Heat Pump should
operate for many years without excessive service calls if the unit is
installed properly. However it is recommended that the homeowner
inspect the unit before a seasonal start up. The coils should be
free of debris so adequate airflow is achieved. The return and
supply registers should be free of any obstructions. The filters
should be cleaned or replaced. These few steps will help to keep
the product up time to a maximum. The Troubleshooting Chart
(on page 11) should help in identifying problems if the unit does
not operate properly.
SERVICE
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS FOR USE BY QUALIFIED
SERVICE AGENCY ONLY: OTHERS SHOULD NOT ATTEMPT TO
SERVICE THIS EQUIPMENT.
Common Causes of Unsatisfactory Operation of Heat Pump on
the Heating Cycle.
13
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
SYMPTOM
High head - low suction
High head - high or normal suction
Low head - high suction
Unit will not run
POSSIBLE CAUSE
a.
a.
b.
c.
a.
b.
c.
Restriction in liquid line or flowrator
Dirty condenser coil
Overcharged
Condenser fan not running
Incorrect flowrator
Defective compressor valves
Flowrator not seating properly
REMEDY
a.
a.
b.
c.
a.
b.
c.
Remove or replace with proper size flowrator.
Clean coil.
Correct System charge.
Repair or Replace.
Replace with correct flowrator.
Replace compressor.
Check for debris under flowrator or deformed
flowrator. Remove debris or replace flowrator.
d. Defective reversing valve
d. Replace reversing valve.
a. Power off or loose electrical connection
a. Check for unit voltage at contactor in unit.
b. Thermostat out of calibration set too high b. Reset.
c. Defective contactor
c. Check for 24 volts at contactor coil replace if
contacts are open.
d. Blown fuses or tripped breaker
d. Replace fuse or reset breaker.
e. Transformer defective
f. High or low pressure control open
(Optional)
e. Check wiring - replace transformer.
f. Reset high pressure control or check unit charge.
g. Compressor overload contacts open
Condenser fan runs,
compressor doesn't
Low suction - cool compressor
Iced evaporator coil
Compressor short cycles
a. Loose connection
a. Check for unit voltage at compressor check &
tighten all connections.
b. Compressor stuck, grounded or open
winding open internal overload
b. Wait at least 2 hours for overload to reset If still
open, replace the compressor.
c. Low voltage connection
c. At compressor terminals, voltage must be within
10 % of nameplate volts when unit is operating.
d. Capacitor weak, open, or shorted
a. Low indoor airflow
d. Check capacitor. If defective, replace.
a. Increase speed of blower or reduce restriction replace air filters.
a. Replace - check for correct voltage.
b. Check refrigerant charge and / or airflow.
a. Defective overload protector
b. Unit cycling on low pressure control
Registers sweat
a. Low airflow
High suction pressure
a.
b.
c.
a.
b.
Insufficient cooling
High pressure control opens at 610 psig.
Low pressure control opens at 22 psig.
g. Replace compressor.
NOTE: Wait at least 2 hours for overload to reset.
Excessive load
Defective compressor
Reversing valve not seating properly.
Improperly sized unit
Improper airflow
c. Incorrect refrigerant charge.
d. Incorrect voltage
14
a. Increase speed of blower or reduce restriction
replace air filters.
a. Recheck load calculation.
b. Replace.
c. Replace.
a. Recalculate load.
b. Check - should be approximately 400 CFM per
ton.
c. Charge per procedure attached to unit service
panel.
d. At compressor terminals, voltage must be within
10% of nameplate volts when unit is operating.
APPENDIX
UNIT DIMENSIONS
47
51
POWER
WIRE
ENTRANCE
4 1/8
2 1/8
16
1 3/8
A?
5½
16
6½
B
8
2 34
RETURN
B?
SUCTION/LIQUID
PRESSURE PORT
SUPPLY
3
CONDENSATE
DRAIN
CONNECTION
3/4” NPT FEMALE
18 7/8
CONTROL
WIRE
ENTRANCE
BLOWER
ACCESS PANEL
MEDIUM CHASSIS
GP*1324M4**
GP*1330M4**
GP*1336M4**
GP*1342M4**
LARGE CHASSIS
GP*1348M4**
GP*1360M4**
15
MINIMUM CLEARANCES
48" MIN
12" MIN
36" MIN
(FOR
SERVICE)
3"
MIN
.
12" MIN
36" MIN
(FOR SERVICE)
NOTE: Roof overhand should be no more than 36”
RECOMMENDED FILTER SIZES
UNIT
2 ton
2-1/2 ton
3 ton
3-1/2 ton
4 ton
5 ton
Min. Filter Size
(1) 25x25x1
(1) 25x25x1
(1) 25x25x1
(1) 25x25x1
(2) 20x20x1
(2) 20x20x1
Goodman Manufacturing Company, L.P.
5151 San Felipe, Suite 500, Houston, TX 77056
www.goodmanmfg.com
www.amana-hac.com
© 2010-2012 Goodman Manufacturing Company, L.P.
16
Download PDF
Similar pages