Aruba ClearPass Policy Manager 6.0 User Guide

User Guide
ClearPass Policy Manager
6.1
Copyright Information
Copyright © 2013 Aruba Networks, Inc. Aruba Networks trademarks include the Aruba Networks logo, Aruba Networks®,
Aruba Wireless Networks®, the registered Aruba the Mobile Edge Company logo, Aruba Mobility Management System®,
Mobile Edge Architecture®, People Move. Networks Must Follow®, RFProtect®, Green Island®. All rights reserved. All other
trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Open Source Code
Certain Aruba products include Open Source software code developed by third parties, including software code subject to
the GNU General Public License (GPL), GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL), or other Open Source Licenses.
Includes software from Litech Systems Design. The IF-MAP client library copyright 2011 Infoblox, Inc. All rights
reserved.This product includes software developed by Lars Fenneberg et al. The Open Source code used can be found at
this site:
http://www.arubanetworks.com/open_source
Legal Notice
The use of Aruba Networks, Inc. switching platforms and software, by all individuals or corporations, to terminate other
vendors’ VPN client devices constitutes complete acceptance of liability by that individual or corporation for this action and
indemnifies, in full, Aruba Networks, Inc. from any and all legal actions that might be taken against it with respect to infringement of copyright on behalf of those vendors.
Warranty
This hardware product is protected by the standard Aruba warranty of one year parts/labor. For more information, refer to
the ARUBACARE SERVICE AND SUPPORT TERMS AND CONDITIONS.
Altering this device (such as painting it) voids the warranty.
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Chapter 1
About ClearPass Policy Manager
The ClearPass Policy Manager platform provides role- and device-based network access control across any wired,
wireless and VPN. Software modules for the ClearPass Policy Manager platform, such as Guest, Onboard, Profile,
OnGuard, QuickConnect, and Insight simplify and automate device configuration, provisioning, profiling, health
checks, and guest access.
With built-in RADIUS, SNMP and TACACS+ protocols, ClearPass Policy Manager provides device registration,
device profiling, endpoint health assessments, and comprehensive reporting to automatically enforce user and endpoint
access policies as devices connect to the network.
Common Tasks in Policy Manager
As you work in Policy Manager, you'll encounter many things that work similarly in different places. For
example, importing or exporting from a list of items. This section explains how to do these common
tasks.
l
"Importing" on page 3
l
"Exporting" on page 4.
Importing
On most pages with lists in ClearPass Policy Manager, you can import the information about one or more
items. That information is stored as an XML file, and this file can be password protected. The tags and
attributes in the XML file are explained in the API Guide.
To import into Policy Manager
1. Click the Import link. The Import from File dialog box appears.
2. Click Browse and select the file you want to import from your hard drive.
The file must be an XML file in the correct format. If you've exported files from different places in Policy Manager,
make sure you're selecting the correct one. The API Guide contains more information about the format and contents
of these XML files.
3. If the file is password protected, enter the password (secret).
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4. Click Import.
Exporting
On most pages with lists in ClearPass Policy Manager, you can export the information about one or more items. That
information is exported as an XML file, and this file can be password protected. The tags and attributes in the
XML file are explained in the API Guide. You can:
l
Export all the items.
l
Export one or more items.
To export all the items in a list
1. Click the Export link. The Export to File dialog box appears.
2. If you want the file password protected, select Yes and enter a password twice (in the Secret Key and Verify Secret
fields). If you do not want the file passowrd protected, select No.
3. Click Export.
Depending on which browser you use, the file is automatically saved to your hard drive or you are asked to save it,
and you may be asked where.
To export one or more items in a list
1. Select the check box next to the items you want to export.
2. Click the Export button at the bottom of the list.. The Export to File dialog box appears.
3. If you want the file password protected, select Yes and enter a password twice (in the Secret Key and Verify Secret
fields). If you do not want the file passowrd protected, select No.
4. Click Export.
Depending on which browser you use, the file is automatically saved to your hard drive or you are asked to save it,
and you may be asked where.
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Chapter 2
Powering Up and Configuring Policy Manager Hardware
The Policy Manager server requires initial port configuration. Its backplane contains three ports.
Server Port Overview
Figure 1 Policy Manager Backplane
The ports in the figure above are described in the following table:
Table 1: Device Ports
Key
Port
Description
A
Serial
Configures the ClearPass Policy Manager appliance initially, via hardwired
terminal.
Beth0
Management
(gigabit Ethernet)
Provides access for cluster administration and appliance maintenance via
web access, CLI, or internal cluster communications.
Configuration required.
Ceth1
Data (gigabit
Ethernet)
Provides point of contact for RADIUS, TACACS+, Web Authentication and
other data-plane requests.
Configuration optional. If not configured, requests redirected to the
management port.
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Server Port Configuration
Before starting the installation, gather the following information that will need, write it in the table below, and keep it
for your records:
Table 2: Required Information
Requirement
Value for Your Installation
Hostname) Policy Manager
server)
Management Port IP
Address
Management Port Subnet
Mask
Management Port Gateway
Data Port IP Address
(optional)
Data Port IP Address must not be in the same subnet as the Management
Port IP Address
Data Port Gateway
(optional)
Data Port Subnet Mask
(optional)
Primary DNS
Secondary DNS
NTP Server (optional)
Perform the following steps to set up the Policy Manager appliance:
1. Connect and power on
Using the null modem cable provided, connect a serial port on the appliance to a terminal, then connect power and
switch on. The appliance immediately becomes available for configuration.
Use the following parameters for the serial port connection:
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Bit Rate: 9600
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Data Bits: 8
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Parity: None
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Stop Bits: 1
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Flow Control: None
2. Login
Later, you will create a unique appliance/cluster administration password. For now, use the following preconfigured
credentials:
login: appadmin
password: eTIPS123
This starts the Policy Manager Configuration Wizard.
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3. Configure the Appliance
Replace the bolded placeholder entries in the following illustration with your local information:
Enter hostname:verne.xyzcompany.com
Enter Management Port IP Address: 192.168.5.10
Enter Management Port Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Enter Management Port Gateway: 192.168.5.1
Enter Data Port IP Address: 192.168.7.55
Enter Data Port Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Enter Data Port Gateway: 192.168.7.1
Enter Primary DNS: 198.168.5.3
Enter Secondary DNS: 192.168.5.1
4. Change your password
Use any string of at least six characters:
New Password:************
Confirm Password: ************
Going forward, you will use this password for cluster administration and management of the appliance.
5. Change the system date/time
Do you want to configure system date time information [y|n]: y
Please select the date time configuration options.
1) Set date time manually
2) Set date time by configuring NTP servers
Enter the option or press any key to quit: 2
Enter Primary NTP Server: pool.ntp.org
Enter Secondary NTP Server: time.nist.gov
Do you want to configure the timezone? [y|n]: y
After the timezone information is entered, you are asked to confirm the selection.
6. Commit or restart the configuration
Follow the prompts:
Proceed with the configuration [y[Y]/n[N]/q[Q]
y[Y] to continue
n[N] to start over again
q[Q] to quit
Enter the choice:Y
Successfully configured Policy Manager appliance
*************************************************************
* Initial configuration is complete.
* Use the new login password to login to the CLI.
* Exiting the CLI session in 2 minutes. Press any key to exit now.
When your Policy Manager system is up and running, navigate to the Administration > Agents and
Software Updates > Software Updates page to view and download any available software updates.
Refer to "Updating the Policy Manager Software " on page 305 for more information.
Powering Off the System
Perform the following to power off the system gracefully without logging in:
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Connect to the CLI from the serial console via the front serial port and enter the following:
login: poweroff
password: poweroff
This procedure gracefully shuts down the appliance.
Resetting Passwords to Factory Default
Administrator passwords in Policy Manager can be reset to factory defaults by logging into the CLI as the apprecovery
user. The password to log in as the apprecovery user is dynamically generated.
Perform the following steps to generate the recovery password:
1. Connect to the Policy Manager appliance via the front serial port (using any terminal program). See "Server Port
Configuration " on page 6 for details.
2. Reboot the system. See the restart command.
3. When the system restarts, it waits at the following prompt for 10 seconds:
Generate support keys? [y/n]:
Enter ‘y’ at the prompt. The system prompts you with the following choices:
Please select a support key generation option.
1) Generate password recovery key
2) Generate a support key
3) Generate password recovery and support keys
Enter the option or press any key to quit:
4. To generate the recovery key, select option 1 (or 3, if you want to generate a support key, as well).
5. Once the password recovery key is generated, email the key to Aruba technical support. A unique password will be
generated from the recovery key and emailed back to you.
6. Enter the following at the command prompt:
[apprecovery] app reset-passwd
*******************************************************
* WARNING: This command will reset the system account *
* passwords to factory default values *
*******************************************************
Are you sure you want to continue? [y/n]: y
INFO - Password changed on local node
INFO - System account passwords have been reset to
factory default values
Generating Support Key for Technical Support
To troubleshoot certain critical system level errors, Aruba technical support might need to log into a support shell.
Perform the following steps to generate a dynamic support password:
1. Log into the Command Line Interface (CLI) and enter the command: system gen-support-key. See gen-supportkey for details.
2. Connect to the Policy Manager appliance via the front serial port (using any terminal program). See "Server Port
Configuration " on page 6 for details.
3. Reboot the system. See the restart command.
4. When the system restarts it waits at the following prompt for 10 seconds:
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Generate support keys? [y/n]:
Enter ‘y’ at the prompt. The system prompts with the following choices:
Please select a support key generation option.
1) Generate password recovery key
2) Generate a support key
3) Generate password recovery and support keys
Enter the option or press any key to quit:
5. To generate the support key, select option 2 (or 3, if you want to generate a password recovery key, as well).
6. Once the password recovery key is generated, email the key to Aruba technical support. A unique password can
now be generated by Aruba technical support to log into the support shell.
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Chapter 3
Policy Manager Dashboard
The Policy Manager Dashboard menu allows you to display system health and other request related statistics. Policy
Manager comes pre-configured with different dashboard elements. The screen on the right of the dashboard menu is
partitioned into five fixed slots. You can drag and drop any of the dashboard elements into the five slots. The
dashboard elements are listed below:
This shows a graph of all requests processed by
Policy Manager over the past week. This includes
RADIUS, TACACS+ and WebAuth requests. The
default data filter “All Requests” is used to plot
this graph. Clicking on each bar in the graph drills
down into the Access Tracker and shows the
requests for that day.
This shows a graph of the “Healthy” vs.
“Unhealthy” requests over the past week. Healthy
requests are those requests where the health
state was deemed to be healthy (based on the
posture data sent from the client). Unhealthy
requests are those requests whose health state
was deemed to be quarantined (posture data
received but health status is not compliant) or
unknown (no posture data received). This
includes RADIUS and WebAuth requests. The
default data filters “Health Requests” and
“Unhealthy Requests” are used to plot this graph.
Clicking on each circle on the line graph drills
down into the Access Tracker and shows the
healthy or unhealthy requests for that day.
This shows a graph of the “Failed” vs.
“Successful” requests over the past week. This
includes RADIUS, WebAuth and TACACS+
requests. The default data filters “Failed
Requests” and “Successful Requests” are used to
plot this graph. Clicking on each circle on the line
graph drills down into the Access Tracker and
shows the failed or successful requests for that
day.
This shows a table of the last few authentications.
Clicking on a row drills down into the Access
Tracker and shows requests sorted by timestamp
with the latest request showing first.
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This chart shows the graph of all profiled devices
categorized into built in categories –
Smartdevices, Access Points, Computer, VOIP
phone, Datacenter Appliance, Printer, Physical
Security, Game Console, Routers, Unknown and
Conflict.
Unknown devices are devices that the profiler
was not able to profile.
Conflict indicates a conflict in the categorization
of the device. For example, if the device category
derived from the HTTP User Agent string does not
match with the category derived from DHCP
fingerprinting, a conflict is flagged, and the device
is marked as Conflict.
The Device Family widget allows you to drill
down further into each of the built-in device
categories. For example, selecting SmartDevice
shows the different kinds of smartdevices
identified by Profile.
This shows a table of the last few successful
authentications. Clicking on a row drills down into
the Access Tracker and shows successful
requests sorted by timestamp with the latest
request showing first.
This shows a table of the last few failed
authentications. Clicking on a row drills down into
the Access Tracker and shows failed requests
sorted by timestamp with the latest request
showing first.
This shows a bar chart with each bar
representing an Policy Manager service requests
were categorized into. Clicking on a bar drills
down into the Access Tracker and shows the
requests that were categorized into that specific
service.
This shows a table of last few system level
events. Clicking on a row drills down into the
Event Viewer
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Quick Links shows links to common configuration
tasks:
l Start Configuring Policies links to the Start
Here Page under Configuration menu. Start
configuring Policy Manager Services from
here.
l Manage Services links to the Services page
under Configuration menu. Shows a list of
configured services.
l Access Tracker links to the Access Tracker
screen under Reporting & Monitoring menu.
l Analysis & Trending links to the Analysis &
Trending screen under Reporting &
Monitoring menu.
l Network Devices links to the Network Devices
screen under Configuration menu. Configure
network devices from here.
l Server Manager links to the Server
Configuration screen under Administration
menu.
l ClearPass Guest links to the ClearPass Guest
application. This application opens in a new
tab.
l ClearPass Onboard links to the ClearPass
Onboard screen within the ClearPass Guest
application. This application opens in a new
tab.
This shows links to the Aruba applications that
are integrated with Policy Manager, such as
Guest or Insight.
This shows the status of all nodes in the cluster.
The following fields are shown for each node:
l Status This shows the overall health status of
the system. Green indicates healthy and red
indicates connectivity problems or high CPU
or memory utilization. The status also shows
red when a node is out-of-sync with the rest of
the cluster.
l Host Name Host name and IP address of the
node
l CPU Util Snapshot of the CPU utilization in
percentage
l Mem Util Snapshot of the memory utilization
in percentage
l Server Role Publisher or subscriber
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Chapter 4
Monitoring
The Policy Manager Monitoring menu provides the following interfaces:
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Live Monitoring
n
"Access Tracker" on page 15
n
"Accounting" on page 17
n
"OnGuard Activity " on page 24
n
"Analysis and Trending" on page 26
n
"Endpoint Profiler " on page 27
n
"System Monitor" on page 28
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"Audit Viewer" on page 30
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"Event Viewer " on page 32
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"Data Filters " on page 33
Access Tracker
The Access Tracker provides a real-time display of system activity, with optional auto-refresh, at: Monitoring > Live
Monitoring > Access Tracker. Click on Edit to change the Access Tracker display parameters.
Figure 2 Fig: Access Tracker (Edit Mode)
Table 3: Access Tracker Display Parameters
Container
Description
Select
Server
Select server for which to display dashboard data. Select All to display transactions from
all nodes in the Policy Manager cluster.
Auto
Refresh
Click to toggle On/Off.
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Container
Description
Select Filter
Select filter to constrain data display.
Modify the currently displayed data filter
Go to Data Filters page to create a new data filter.
Add
Select Date
Range
Select the number of days prior to the configured date for which Access Tracker data is to
be displayed. Valid number of days is 1 day to a week.
Show Latest
Sets the date to Today in the previous step to Today.
Save/Cancel
Save or cancel edit operation
To display a specific set of records, use the simple filter controls. The filter controls enable you to filter by Protocol
Type, User, Service Name, MAC Address, or Status. Note that this filter is applied on top of the display constraints
configured previously (See table above).
Table 4: Access Tracker Simple Filter
Container
Description
Filter
Select a filter type from the dropdown list: Type, User, Service Name, MAC Address,
Login
contains
Enter the string to search for.
Clear Filter
Clear the currently applied filter and show all entries.
Show n
Records
Show 10, 20, 50 or 100 rows. Once selected, this setting is saved and available in
subsequent logins.
Table 5: Access Tracker Session Types
Container
Description
RADIUS
All RADIUS transactions (802.1X, MAC-Auth, generic RADIUS)
TACACS+
All TACACS+ transactions
WebAuth
Web authentication transactions (Dissolvable Agent, OnGuard)
Application
All Aruba application authentications (Insight, Guest)
Viewing Session Details
To view details for a session, click on the row containing any entry. Policy Manager divides the view into multiple
tabs. Depending on the type of authentication - RADIUS, WebAuth, TACACS, Application - the view displays
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different tabs.
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Summary - This tab shows a summary view of the transaction, including policies applied.
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Input - This tab shows protocol specific attributes that Policy Manager received in the transaction request; this
includes authentication and posture details (if available). It also shows Compute Attributes, which are attributes
that were derived from the request attributes. All of the attributes can be used in role mapping rules.
l
Output - This tab shows the attributes that were sent to the network device and the (posture capable) endpoint.
l
Alerts - This tab shows the reason for authentication or authorization failure.
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Accounting - This tab is only available for RADIUS sessions. This shows the RADIUS accounting details for the
session, including reauthentication details.
l
Authorizations - This tab is only available for TACACS+ sessions. This shows the commands entered at the
network device, and the authorization status.
l
RADIUS CoA - This tab is only available for RADIUS transactions for which a RADIUS Change of Authorization
command was sent to the network device by Policy Manager. The view shows the RADIUS CoA actions sent to
the network device in chronological order.
Table 6: Session Details Popup Actions
Container
Description
Change
Status
This button allows you to change the access control status of a session. This function is only
available for RADIUS and WebAuth.
l Agent - This type of control is available for a session where the endpoint has the
OnGuard Agent installed. Actions allowed are: Bounce, Send Message and tagging the
status of the endpoint as Disabled or Known.
l SNMP - This type of control is available for any session for which Policy Manager has
the switch- and port-level information associated with the MAC address of the endpoint.
Policy Manager bounces the switch port to which the endpoint is attached, via SNMP.
Note that, for this type of control, SNMP read and write community strings have to be
configured for the network device; furthermore, Policy Manager must be configured as
an SNMP trap receiver to receive link up/down traps.
l RADIUS CoA - This type of control is available for any session where access was
previously controlled by a RADIUS transaction. Note that the network device must be
RADIUS CoA capable, and RADIUS CoA must be enabled when you configure the
network device in Policy Manager. The actions available depend on the type of device.
The Disconnect (or Terminate Section) action is supported by all devices. Some devices
support setting a session timeout, changing the VLAN for the session, applying an ACL,
etc.
Export
Export this transaction and download as a compressed (.zip extension) file. The
compressed file contains the session-specific logs, the policy XML for the transaction, and a
text file containing the Access Tracker session details.
Show
Logs
Show logs of this session. Error messages are color coded in red. Warning messages are
color coded in orange.
Close
RADIUS response attributes sent to the device
Accounting
The Accounting display provides a dynamic report of accesses (as reported by the network access device by means of
RADIUS/TACACS+ accounting records), at: Monitoring > Live Monitoring > Accounting.
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Figure 3 Accounting (Edit Mode)
Table 7: Accounting
Container
Description
Select
Server
Select server for which to display dashboard data.
Select Filter
Select filter to constrain data display.
Modify the currently displayed data filter
Modify
Add
Go to Data Filters page to create a new data filter.
Select Date
Range
Select the number of days prior to the configured date for which Accounting data is to be
displayed. Valid number of days is 1 day to a week.
Show Latest
Sets the date to Today in the previous step to Today.
Save/Cancel
Save or cancel edit operation
Show <n>
records
Show 10, 20, 50 or 100 rows. Once selected, this setting is saved and available in
subsequent logins.
Click on any row to display the corresponding Accounting Record Details.
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Figure 4 RADIUS Accounting Record Details (Summary tab)
Figure 5 RADIUS Accounting Record Details (Auth Sessions tab)
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Figure 6 RADIUS Accounting Record Details (Utilization tab)
Figure 7 RADIUS Accounting Record Details (Details tab)
Table 8: RADIUS Accounting Record Details
20
Tab
Container
Description
Summary
Session ID
Policy Manager session identifier (you can correlate this record with a record
in Access Tracker)
Account
Session ID
A unique ID for this accounting record
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Tab
Auth
Sessions
Utilization
Container
Description
Start and
End
Timestamp
Start and end time of the session
Status
Current connection status of the session
Username
Username associated with this record
Termination
Cause
The reason for termination of this session
Service
Type
The value of the standard RADIUS attribute ServiceType
NAS IP
Address
IP address of the network device
NAS Port
Type
The access method - For example, Ethernet, 802.11 Wireless, etc.
Calling
Station ID
In most use cases supported by Policy Manager this is the MAC address of
the client
Called
Station ID
MAC Address of the network device
Framed IP
Address
IP Address of the client (if available)
Account
Auth
Type of authentication - In this case, RADIUS.
Session ID
Policy Manager session ID
Type
Initial authentication or a re-authentication
Time Stamp
When the event occurred
Active Time
How long the session was active
Account
Delay Time
How many seconds the network device has been trying to send this record
for (subtract from record time stamp to arrive at the time this record was
actually generated by the device)
Account
Input Octets
Account
Output
Octets
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Octets sent and received from the device port over the course of the session
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Tab
Container
Account
Input
Packets
Account
Output
Packets
Details
Description
Packets sent and received from the device port over the course of the
session
Shows details of RADIUS attributes sent and received from the network
device during the initial authentication and subsequent reauthentications
(each section in the details tab corresponds to a “session” in Policy Manager.
Figure 8 TACACS+ Accounting Record Details (Request tab)
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Figure 9 TACACS+ Accounting Record Details (Auth Sessions tab)
Figure 10 TACACS+ Accounting Record Details (Details tab)
Table 9: TACACS+ Accounting Record Details
Tab
Container
Description
Request
Session ID
Unique ID associated with a request
User Session
ID
A session ID that correlates authentication, authorization and accounting
records
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Tab
Auth
Sessions
Container
Description
Start and End
Timestamp
Start and end time of the session
Username
Username associated with this record
Client IP
The IP address and tty of the device interface
Remote IP
IP address from which Admin is logged in
Flags
Identifier corresponding to start, stop or update accounting record
Privilege Level
Privilege level of administrator: 1 (lowest) to 15 (highest).
Authentication
Method
Identifies the authentication method used for the access.
Authentication
Type
Identifies the authentication type used for the access.
Authentication
Service
Identifies the authentication service used for the access.
Number of
Authentication
Sessions
Total number of authentications (always 1) and authorizations in this
session
Authentication
Session Details
For each request ID, denotes whether it is an authentication or
authorization request, and the time at which the request was sent
Details
For each authorization request, shows: cmd (command typed), priv-lvl
(privilege level of the administrator executing the command), service
(shell), etc.
OnGuard Activity
The OnGuard Activity screen shows the realtime status of all endpoints that have Aruba OnGuard persistent or
dissolvable agent, at: Monitoring > Live Monitoring >OnGuard Activity. This screen also presents configuration
tools to bounce an endpoint and to send unicast or broadcast messages to all endpoints running the OnGuard agent.
Note that bouncing of endpoints will only work with endpoints running the persistent agent.
Figure 11 Fig: OnGuard Activity
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Table 10: OnGuard Activity
Container
Description
Auto Refresh
Toggle auto-refresh. If this is
turned on, all endpoint activities
are refreshed automatically.
Bounce Client (using SNMP)
Given the MAC or IP address of
the endpoint, perform a bounce
operation (via SNMP) on the
switch port to which the endpoint is
connected. This feature only works
with wired Ethernet switches.
Note that, for this operation to
work:
l The network device must be
added to Policy Manager, and
SNMP read and write
parameters must be
configured.
l SNMP traps (link up and/or
MAC notification) have to
enabled on the switch port.
l In order to specify the IP
address of the endpoint to
bounce, the DHCP snooper
service on Policy Manager
must receive DHCP packets
from the endpoint. Refer to
your network device
documentation to find out how
to configure IP helper address.
Broadcast Message
Send a message to all active
endpoints
Send Message
Send a message to the selected
endpoints.
Bounce
Initiate a bounce on the managed
interface on the endpoint.
l Display Message - An optional
message to display on the
endpoint (via the OnGuard
interface).
l Web link - An optional clickable
URL that is displayed along
with the Display Message.
l Endpoint Status -
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Container
Description
No change - No change is
made to the status of the
endpoint. The existing status of
Known, Unknown or Disabled
continues to be applied.
Access control is granted or
denied based on the
endpoint’s existing status.
Allow network access - Always
allow network access. Whitelist
this endpoint. Note that this
action just sets the status of the
endpoint as “Known”. You
need to configure Enforcement
Policy Rules to allow access to
“Known” endpoints.
Block network access - Always
block network access. Blacklist
this endpoint. Note that this
action just sets the status of the
endpoint as “Disabled”. You
need to configure Enforcement
Policy Rules to allow access to
“Disabled” endpoints.
This action results in tags being
created for the specified endpoint
in the Endpoints table
(Configuration > Identity >
Endpoints). One or more of the
following tags are created:
Disabled by, Disabled Reason,
Enabled by, Enabled Reason, Info
URL.
Analysis and Trending
Monitoring > Live Monitoring > Analysis & Trending
The Analysis and Trending Page displays monthly, bi-weekly, weekly, daily, or 12-hourly, 6-hourly, 3-hourly or
hourly quantity of requests for the subset of components included in the selected filters. The data can be aggregated by
minute, hour, day or week. The summary table at the bottom shows the per-filter count for the aggregated data.
Each bar (corresponding to each filter) in the bar graph is clickable. Clicking on the bar drills down into the "Access
Tracker" on page 15, showing session data for that time slice (and for that many requests). Similarly, for a line graph,
clicking on the circle (corresponding to each plotted point in the graph) drills down into Access Tracker.
Figure 12 Analysis and Trending
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ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
To add additional filters, refer to "Data Filters " on page 33.
l
Select Server - Select a node from the cluster for which data is to be displayed.
l
Update Now- Click on this button to update the display with the latest available data.
l
Customize This- Click on this link to customize the display by adding filters (up to a maximum of 4 filters)
l
Toggle Chart Type- Click on this link to toggle chart display between line and bar type.
l
Add New Data Filter - Click on this to add a new data filter in the global filter list.
Endpoint Profiler
If the Profile license is enabled, a list of the profiled endpoints will be visible in the Endpoints Profiler table. The list
of endpoints you see is based on the Category, OS Family, and Device Name items that you selected. Click on the
Change Selection link to change the selection criteria used to list the devices.
Figure 13 Endpoint Profiler
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
27
You can view endpoint details about a specific device by clicking on a device in the table below the graphs. Select
the Cancel button to return to the Endpoint Profiler page.
Figure 14 Fig: Endpoint Profiler Details
System Monitor
The System Monitor is available by navigating to Monitoring > Live Monitoring > System Monitor.
l
Select Server- Select a node from the cluster for which data is to be displayed.
l
Update Now- Click on this button to update the display with the latest available data.
The System Monitor Page includes two tabs:
l
28
System Monitor. For the selected server, provides load statistics, including CPU, memory, swap memory, physical
disk space, and swap disk space:
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Figure 15 System Monitor Graphs
l
Process Monitor. For the selected server and process, provides critical usage statistics, including CPU, Virtual
Memory, and Main Memory. Use Select Process to select the process for which you want to see the usage statistics.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
29
Figure 16 Figure Process Monitor Graphs
Audit Viewer
The Audit Viewer display provides a dynamic report of Actions, filterable by Action, Name and Category (of policy
component), and User, at: Monitoring > Audit Viewer.
Figure 17 Audit Viewer
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ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Table 11: Audit Viewer
Container
Description
Select Filter
Select the filter by which to constrain the display of audit data.
Show <n>
records
Show 10, 20, 50 or 100 rows. Once selected, this setting is saved and available in
subsequent logins.
Click on any row to display the corresponding Audit Row Details:
l
For Add Actions, a single popup displays, containing the new data.
Figure 18 Audit Row Details (Old Data tab)
For Modify Actions, a popup with three tabs displays, comparing the old data and the new.
Figure 19 Audit Row Details (Old Data tab)
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
31
Figure 20 Audit Row Details (New Data tab)
Figure 21 Audit Row Details (Inline Difference tab)
For Remove Actions, a popup displays the removed data.
Event Viewer
The Event Viewer display provides a dynamic report of system level (not request-related) Events, filterable by Source,
Level, Category, and Action, at: Monitoring > Event Viewer.
Figure 22 Event Viewer
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ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Table 12: Event Viewer
Container
Description
Select Server
Select the server for which to display accounting data.
Filter
Select the filter by which to constrain the display of accounting data.
Show <n>
records
Show 10, 20, 50 or 100 rows. Once selected, this setting is saved and available in
subsequent logins.
Click on any row to display the corresponding System Event Details.
Figure 23 System Event Details
Data Filters
The Data Filters provide a way to filter data (limit the number of rows of data shown by defining custom criteria or
rules) that is shown in "Access Tracker" on page 15, "Syslog Export Filters " on page 277, "Analysis and Trending" on
page 26, and "Accounting" on page 17 components in Policy Manager. It is available at: Monitoring> Data Filters.
Figure 24 Data Filters
Policy Manager comes pre-configured with the following data filters:
l
All Requests - Shows all requests (without any rows filtered)
l
ClearPass Application Requests - All Application session log requests
l
Failed Requests - All authentication requests that were rejected or failed due to some reason; includes RADIUS,
TACACS+ and Web Authentication results.
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33
l
Guest Access Requests - All requests - RADIUS or Web Authentication - where the user was assigned the built-in
role called Guest.
l
Healthy Requests - All requests that were deemed healthy per policy
l
RADIUS Requests - All RADIUS requests
l
Successful Requests - All authentication requests that were successful.
l
TACACS Requests - All TACACS requests
l
Unhealthy Requests - All requests that were not deemed healthy per policy.
l
WebAuth Requests - All Web Authentication requests (requests originated from the Aruba Guest Portal).
Table 13: Data Filters
Container
Description
Add Filter
Click to open the Add Filter wizard.
Import Filters
Click to open the Import Filters popup.
Export Filters
Click to open the Export Filters popup. This exports all configured filters.
Copy
Copy the selected filters.
Export
Click to open the Export popup to export selected reports
Delete
Click to delete the selected filters.
Add a Filter
To add a filter, configure its name and description in the Filter tab and its rules in the Rules tab.
Figure 25 Add Filter (Filter tab)
Table 14: Add Filter (Filter tab)
34
Container
Description
Name/Description
Name and description of the filter (freeform).
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Container
Configuration
Type
Custom SQL
Description
Choose one of the following configuration types:
Specify Custom SQL - Selecting this option allows you to specify a custom SQL
entry for the filter. If this is specified, then the Rules tab disappears, and a SQL
template displays in the Custom SQL field.
NOTE: Selecting this option is not recommended. For users who need to utilize this,
however, we recommend contacting Support.
l Select Attributes - This option is selected by default and enables the Rules tab. If
this option is selected, use the Rules tab to configure rules for this filter.
l
If Specify Custom SQL is selected, then this field populates with a default SQL
template. In the text entry field, enter attributes for the type, attribute name, and
attribute value.
NOTE: We recommend that users who choose this method contact Support. Support
can assist you with entering the correct information in this template.
The Rules tab displays only when Select Attributes is selected on the Filter tab.
Figure 26 Add Filter (Rules tab)
Table 15: Add Filter (Rules tab)
Container
Description
Rule Evaluation
Algorithm
Select first match is a logical OR operation of all the rules. Select all matches is a
logical AND operation of all the rules.
Add Rule
Add a rule to the filter
Move Up/Down
Change the ordering of rules.
Edit/Remove
Rule
Edit or remove a rule.
Save
Save this filter
Cancel
Cancel edit operation
When you click on Add Rule or Edit Rule, the Data Filter Rules Editor displays.
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35
Figure 27 Add Filter (Rules tab) - Rules Editor
Table 16: Add Filter (Rules tab) - Rules Editor
Container
Description
Matches
ANY matches one of the configured conditions.
ALL indicates to match all of the configured conditions.
Type
This indicates the namespace for the attribute.
Common - These are attributes common to RADIUS, TACACS, and WebAuth requests
and responses
l RADIUS - Attributes associated with RADIUS authentication and accounting requests
and responses
l TACACS - Attributes associated with TACACS authentication, accounting, and policy
requests and responses
l Web Authentication Policy - Policy Manager policy objects assigned after evaluation of
policies associated with Web Authentication requests. Example: Auth Method, Auth
Source, Enforcement Profiles
l
36
Name
Name of the attributes corresponding to the selected namespace (Type)
Operator
A subset of string data type operators (EQUALS, NOT_EQUALS, LESS_THAN, LESS_
THAN_OR_EQUALS, GREATER_THAN, GREATER_THAN_OR_EQUALS, CONTAINS,
NOT_CONTAINS, EXISTS, NOT_EXISTS)
Value
The value of the attribute
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Chapter 5
Policy Manager Policy Model
From the point of view of network devices or other entities that need authentication and authorization services, Policy
Manager appears as a RADIUS, TACACS+ or HTTP/S based Authentication server; however, its rich and extensible
policy model allows it to broker security functions across a range of existing network infrastructure, identity stores,
health/posture services and client technologies within the Enterprise.
Refer to the following topics for additional information.
l
l
"Services Paradigm" on page 37
n
"Viewing Existing Services " on page 39
n
"Adding and Removing Services " on page 40
n
"Links to Use Cases and Configuration Instructions " on page 41
"Policy Simulation" on page 42
n
"Add Simulation Test" on page 43
n
"Import and Exporting Simulations " on page 48
Services Paradigm
Services are the highest level element in the Policy Manager policy model. They have two purposes:
l
Unique Categorization Rules (per Service) enable Policy Manager to test Access Requests (“Requests”) against
available Services to provide robust differentiation of requests by access method, location, or other network vendorspecific attributes.
Policy Manager ships configured with a number of basic Service types. You can flesh out these Service types, copy
them for use as templates, import other Service types from another implementation (from which you have previously
exported them), or develop new Services from scratch
l
By wrapping a specific set of Policy Components, a Service can coordinate the flow of a request, from
authentication, to role and health evaluation, to determination of enforcement parameters for network access.
The following image illustrates and describe the basic Policy Manager flow of control and its underlying architecture.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
37
Figure 28 Generic Policy Manager Service Flow of Control
Table 17: Policy Manager Service Components
Component
38
Service:
component
ratio
Description
AAuthentication
Method
Zero or more
per service
EAP or non-EAP method for client authentication.
Policy Manager supports four broad classes of authentication
methods:
l EAP, tunneled: PEAP, EAP-FAST, or EAP-TTLS.
l EAP, non-tunneled: EAP-TLS or EAP-MD5.
l Non-EAP, non-tunneled: CHAP, MS-CHAP, PAP, or [MAC AUTH].
[MAC AUTH] must be used exclusively in a MAC-based
Authentication Service. When the [MAC AUTH] method is selected,
Policy Manager: (1) makes internal checks to verify that the
request is indeed a MAC Authentication request (and not a
spoofed request) and (2) makes sure that the MAC address of the
device is present in the authentication source.
Some Services (for example, TACACS+) contain internal
authentication methods; in such cases, Policy Manager does not
make this tab available.
BAuthentication
Source
Zero or more
per service
An Authentication Source is the identity repository against which
Policy Manager verifies identity. It supports these Authentication
Source types:
l Microsoft® Active Directory®
l any LDAP compliant directory
l RSA or other RADIUS-based token servers
l SQL database, including the local user store.
l Static Host Lists, in the case of MAC-based Authentication of
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Component
Service:
component
ratio
Description
managed devices.
CAuthorization
Source
One or more
per
Authentication
Source and
zero or more
per service
An Authorization Source collects attributes for use in Role Mapping
Rules. You specify the attributes you want to collect when you
configure the authentication source. Policy Manager supports the
following authorization source types:
l Microsoft Active Directory
l any LDAP compliant directory
l RSA or other RADIUS-based token servers
l SQL database, including the local user store.
C - Role
Mapping
Policy
Zero or one
per service
Policy Manager evaluates Requests against Role Mapping Policy
rules to match Clients to Role(s). All rules are evaluated and Policy
Manager may return more than one Role. If no rules match, the
request takes the configured Default Role.
Some Services (for example, MAC-based Authentication) may handle
role mapping differently:
l For MAC-based Authentication Services, where role information is
not available from an authentication source, an Audit Server can
determine role by applying post-audit rules against the client
attributes gathered during the audit.
D - Internal
Posture
Policies
Zero or more
per service
An Internal Posture Policy tests Requests against internal Posture
rules to assess health. Posture rule conditions can contain attributes
present in vendor-specific posture dictionaries.
E - Posture
Servers
Zero or more
per service
Posture servers evaluate client health based on specified vendorspecific posture credentials, typically posture credentials that cannot
be evaluated internally by Policy Manager (that is, not by internal
posture policies).
Currently, Policy Manager supports two forms of posture server
interfaces: RADIUS, and GAMEv2 posture servers.
F - Audit
Servers
Zero or more
per service
Audit servers evaluate the health of clients that do not have an
installed agent, or which cannot respond to Policy Manager
interactions. Audit servers typically operate in lieu of authentication
methods, authentication sources, internal posture policies and
posture server.
In addition to returning posture tokens, Audit Servers can contain
post-audit rules that map results from the audit into Roles.
GEnforcement
Policy
One per
service
(mandatory)
Policy Manager tests Posture Tokens, Roles, system time and other
contextual attributes against Enforcement Policy rules to return one or
more matching Enforcement Policy Profiles (that define scope of
access for the client).
HEnforcement
Profile
One or more
per service
Enforcement Policy Profiles contain attributes that define a client’s
scope of access for the session. Policy Manager returns these
Enforcement Profile attributes to the switch.
Viewing Existing Services
You can view all configured services in a list or drill down into individual services:
l
View and manipulate the list of current services.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
39
In the menu panel, click Services to view a list of services that you can filter by phrase or sort by order.
Figure 29 List of services with sorting tool
l
Drill down to view details for an individual service.
In the Services page, click the name of a Service to display its details.
Figure 30 Details for an individual service
Adding and Removing Services
You can add to the list of services by working from a copy, importing from another configuration, or creating a service
from scratch:
l
Create a template by copying an existing service.
In the Services page, click a service’s check box, then click Copy.
l
Clone a service by import (of a previously exported named file from this or another configuration).
In the Services page, click a service’s check box, then click the Export a Service link and provide the output
filepath. Later, you can import this service by clicking Import a Service and providing the filepath.
l
Create a new service that you will configure from scratch.
In the Services page, click Add a Service, then follow the configuration wizard from component to component by
clicking Next as you complete each tab.
l
Remove a service.
In the Services page, fill the check box for a service, then click the Delete button. You can also disable/enable a
service from the service detail page by clicking Disable/Enable (lower right of page).
40
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Figure 31 Disable/Enable toggle for a Policy Manager Service
Links to Use Cases and Configuration Instructions
For each of a Service’s policy components that you can configure, the following table references an illustrative Use
Case and detailed Configuration Instructions.
Table 18: Policy Component Use Cases and Configuration Instructions
Policy Component
Service
Illustrative Use Cases
l
l
l
l
"802.1x Wireless Use Case" on page 55
"Web-Based Authentication Use Case " on
page 63.
"MAC Authentication Use Case" on page
69.
"TACACS+ Use Case" on page 73.
Authentication Method
"802.1x Wireless Use Case" on page 55
demonstrates the principle of multiple
authentication methods in a list. When Policy
Manager initiates the authentication
handshake, it tests the methods in priority
order until one is accepted by the client.
"Web-Based Authentication Use Case " on
page 63 has only a single authentication
method, which is specifically designed for
authentication of the request attributes
received from the Aruba Web Portal.
Authentication Source
l
l
l
l
Role Mapping
"802.1x Wireless Use Case" on page 55
demonstrates the principle of multiple
authentication sources in a list. Policy
Manager tests the sources in priority order
until the client can be authenticated. In this
case Active Directory is listed first.
"Web-Based Authentication Use Case " on
page 63 uses the local Policy Manager
repository, as this is common practice
among administrators configuring Guest
Users.
"MAC Authentication Use Case" on page
69 uses a Static Host List for authentication
of the MAC address sent by the switch as
the device’s username.
"TACACS+ Use Case" on page 73 uses the
local Policy Manager repository. Other
authentication sources would also be fine.
"802.1x Wireless Use Case" on page 55 has
an explicit Role Mapping Policy that tests
request attributes against a set of rules to
assign a role.
Configuration
Instructions
"Adding Services " on
page 102
"Adding and Modifying
Authentication Methods"
on page 111
"Adding and Modifying
Authentication Sources "
on page 128
l
l
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
"Adding and
Modifying Role
Mapping Policies " on
page 157
"Adding and
41
Policy Component
Illustrative Use Cases
Configuration
Instructions
l
l
l
Modifying Roles " on
page 160
"Adding and
Modifying Local
Users " on page 161
"Adding and
Modifying Guest
Users " on page 162
"Adding and
Modifying Static Host
Lists " on page 167
Posture Policy
"Web-Based Authentication Use Case " on
page 63 uses an internal posture policy that
evaluates the health of the originating client,
based on attributes submitted with the request
by the Aruba Web Portal, and returns a
corresponding posture token.
"Adding and Modifying
Posture Policies " on
page 171
Posture Server
"802.1x Wireless Use Case" on page 55
appends a third-party posture server to
evaluate health policies based on vendorspecific posture credentials.
"Adding and Modifying
Posture Servers " on
page 197
Audit Server
"MAC Authentication Use Case" on page 69,
uses an Audit Server to provide port scanning
for health.
"Configuring Audit
Servers" on page 199
Enforcement Policy and
Profiles
All Use Cases have an assigned Enforcement
Policy and corresponding Enforcement Rules.
l
l
"Configuring
Enforcement Profiles "
on page 210
"Configuring
Enforcement Policies
" on page 221
Policy Simulation
Once the policies have been set up, the Policy Simulation utility can be used to evaluate these policies - before
deployment. The Policy Simulation utility applies a set of request parameters as input against a given policy
component and displays the outcome, at: Configuration > Policy Simulation.
The following types of simulations are supported:
42
l
Service Categorization - A service categorization simulation allows you to specify a set of attributes in the
RADIUS or Connection namespace and test which configured service the request will be categorized into. The
request attributes that you specify represent the attributes sent in the simulated request.
l
Role Mapping - Given the service name (and associated role mapping policy), the authentication source and the
user name, the role mapping simulation maps the user into a role or set of roles. You can also use the role mapping
simulation to test whether the specified authentication source is reachable.
l
Posture Validation - A posture validation simulation allows you to specify a set of posture attributes in the posture
namespace and test the posture status of the request. The posture attributes that you specify represent the attributes
sent in the simulated request.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
l
Audit - An audit simulation allows you to specify an audit server (Nessus- or NMAP-based) and the IP address of
the device you want to audit. An audit simulation triggers an audit on the specified device and displays the results.
l
Enforcement Policy - Given the service name (and the associated enforcement policy), a role or a set of roles, the
system posture status, and an optional date and time, the enforcement policy simulation evaluates the rules in the
enforcement policy and displays the resulting enforcement profiles and their contents.
l
Chained Simulation - Given the service name, authentication source, user name, and an optional date and time, the
chained simulation combines the results of role mapping, posture validation and enforcement policy simulations
and displays the corresponding results.
Figure 32 Policy Simulation
Table 19: Policy Simulation
Container
Description
Add Simulation
Test
Opens the Add Simulation Test page.
Import
Simulations
Opens the Import Simulations popup.
Export
Simulations
Opens the Export Simulations popup.
Filter
Select the filter by which to constrain the display of simulation data.
Copy
Make a copy the selected policy simulation. The copied simulation is renamed with a
prefix of Copy_Of_.
Export
Opens the Export popup.
Delete
Click to delete a selected (check box on left) Policy Simulation.
Add Simulation Test
Navigate to Configuration > Policy Simulation and click on the Add Simulation link. Depending on the simulation
type selected the contents of the Simulation tab changes.
Table 20: Add Policy Simulation (Simulation Tab)
Container
Description
Name/Description
Specify name and description (freeform).
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
43
Container
Type
Service
Categorization.
Description
l
Input (Simulation tab): Select Date and Time. (optional - use if you have time
based service rules)
l
Input (Attributes tab): Use the Rules Editor to create a request with the attributes
you want to test. All namespaces relevant to service rules creation are loaded in
the Attributes editor.
Returns (Results tab): Service Name (or status message in case of no match)
l
Type
Role Mapping.
l
Input (Simulation tab): Select Service (Role Mapping Policy is implicitly selected,
because there is only one such policy associated with a service), Authentication
Source, User Name, and Date/Time.
l
Input (Attributes tab): Use the Rules Editor to create a request with the attributes
you want to test. All namespaces relevant for role mapping policies are loaded in
the attributes editor.
Returns (Results tab): Role(s) - including authorization source attributes fetched
as roles.
l
Type
Posture
Validation.
44
l
Input (Simulation tab): Select Service (Posture policies are implicitly selected by
their association with the service).
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Container
Description
l
l
Type
Audit.
l
Input (Attributes tab): Use the Rules Editor to create a request with the attributes
you want to test. All namespaces relevant to posture evaluation (posture
dictionaries) are loaded in the attributes editor.
Returns (Results tab): System Posture Status and Status Messages.
Input (Simulation tab): Select the Audit Server and host to be Audited (IP address
or hostname)
Returns (Results tab): Summary Posture Status, Audit Attributes and Status
NOTE: Audit simulations can take a while; an AuditInProgress status is shown until
the audit completes.
l
Type
Enforcement
Policy.
l
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Input (Simulation tab): Select Service (Enforcement Policy is implicit by its
association with the Service), Authentication Source (optional), User Name
(optional), Roles, Dynamic Roles (optional), System Posture Status, and
Date/Time (optional).
45
Container
Description
Input (Attributes tab): Use the Rules Editor to create a request with the attributes
you want to test. Connection and RADIUS namespaces are loaded in the
attributes editor.
l Returns (Results tab): Enforcement Profile(s) and the attributes sent to the
device.
NOTE: Authentication Source and User Name inputs are used to derive dynamic
values in the enforcement profile that are fetched from authorization source. These
inputs are optional.
NOTE: Dynamic Roles are attributes (that are enabled as a role) fetched from the
authorization source. For an example of enabling attributes as a role, refer to
"Generic LDAP or Active Directory " on page 129for more information.
l
Type
Chained
Simulations.
46
l
Input (Simulation tab): Select Service, Authentication Source, User Name, and
Date/Time.
l
Input (Attributes tab): Use the Rules Editor to create a request with the attributes
you want to test. All namespaces that are relevant in the Role Mapping Policy
context are loaded in the attributes editor.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Container
Description
l
Returns (Results tab): Role(s), Post Status, Enforcement Profiles and Status
Messages.
Test Date/Time
Use the calendar widget to specify date and time for simulation test.
Next
Upon completion of your work in this tab, click Next to open the Attributes tab.
Start Test
Run test. Outcome is displayed in the Results tab.
Save/Cancel
Click Save to commit or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
In the Attributes tab, enter the attributes of the policy component to be tested. The namespaces loaded in the Type
column depend on the type of simulation (See above).
The Attributes tab will not display if you select the Audit Policy component in the Simulation tab.
Figure 33 Add Simulation (Attributes Tab)
In the Results tab, Policy Manager displays the outcome of applying the test request parameters against the specified
policy component(s). What is shown in the results tab again depends on the type of simulation.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
47
Figure 34 Add Simulation (Results Tab)
Import and Exporting Simulations
Import Simulations
Navigate to Configuration > Policy Simulation and select the Import Simulations link.
Figure 35 Import Simulations
Table 21: Import Simulations
Container
Description
Select file
Browse to select name of simulations import file.
Import/Cancel
Import to commit or Cancel to dismiss popup.
Export Simulations
Navigate to Configuration > Policy Simulation and select the Export Simulations link. This task exports all
simulations. Your browser will display its normal Save As dialog, in which to enter the name of the XML file to
contain the export.
Export
To export just one simulation, select it (using the check box at the left) and click Export. Your browser will display
its normal Save As dialog, in which to enter the name of the XML file to contain the export.
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Chapter 6
ClearPass Policy Manager Profile
Profile is a ClearPass Policy Manager module that automatically classifies endpoints using attributes obtained from
software components called Collectors. It can be used to implement “Bring Your Own Device” (BYOD) flows, where
access has to be controlled based on the type of the device and the identity of the user. While offering a more efficient
and accurate way to differentiate access by endpoint type (laptop versus tablet), ClearPass Profile associates an
endpoint with a specific user or location and secures access for devices like printers and IP cameras. Profile can be set
up in a network with minimal amount of configuration.
Device Profile
A device profile is a hierarchical model consisting of 3 elements - DeviceCategory, DeviceFamily, and DeviceName
derived by Profile from endpoint attributes.
l
DeviceCategory - This is the broadest classification of a device. It denotes the type of the device. Examples include
Computer, Smartdevice, Printer, Access Point, etc.
l
DeviceFamily - This element classifies devices into a category and is organized based on the type of operating
system or vendor. For example, when the category is Computer, ClearPass Policy Manager could show a
DeviceFamily of Windows, Linux, or Mac OS X, and when the Category is Computer, ClearPass Policy Manager
could show a DeviceFamily of Apple or Android.
l
DeviceName - Devices in a family are further organized based on more granular details, such as operating system
version. For example, in a DeviceFamily of Windows, ClearPass Policy Manager could show a DeviceName of
Windows 7 or Windows 2008 Server.
This hierarchical model provides a structured view of all endpoints accessing the network.
In addition to the these, Profile also collects and stores the following:
l
IP Address
l
Hostname
l
MAC Vendor
l
Timestamp when the device was first discovered
l
Timestamp when the device was last seen
Collectors
Collectors are network elements that provide data to profile endpoints. The following collectors send endpoint
attributes to Profile.
l
DHCP
l
ClearPass Onboard
l
HTTP User Agent
l
MAC OUI - Acquired via various authentication mechanisms such as 802.1X, MAC authentication, etc.
l
ActiveSync plugin
l
CPPM OnGuard
l
SNMP
l
Subnet Scanner
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
49
DHCP
DHCP attributes such as option55 (parameter request list), option60 (vendor class) and options list from DISCOVER
and REQUEST packets can uniquely fingerprint most devices that use the DHCP mechanism to acquire an IP address
on the network. Switches and controllers can be configured to forward DHCP packets such as DISCOVER, REQUEST
and INFORM to CPPM. These DHCP packets are decoded by CPPM to arrive at the device category, family, and name.
Apart from fingerprints, DHCP also provides hostname and IP address.
Sending DHCP Traffic to CPPM
Perform the following steps to configure your Aruba Controller and Cisco Switch to send DHCP Traffic to CPPM.
interface <vlan_name>
ip address <ip_addr> <netmask>
ip helper-address <dhcp_server_ip>
ip helper-address <cppm_ip>end
end
Notice that multiple “ip helper-address” statements can be configured to send DHCP packets to servers other than
the DHCP server.
ClearPass Onboard
ClearPass Onboard collects rich and authentic device information from all devices during the onboarding process.
Onboard then posts this information to Profile via the Profile API. Because the information collected is definitive,
Profile can directly classify these devices into their Category, Family, and Name without having to rely on any other
fingerprinting information.
HTTP User-Agent
In some cases, DHCP fingerprint alone cannot fully classify a device. A common example is the Apple® family of
smart devices; DHCP fingerprints cannot distinguish between an iPad® and an iPhone®. In these scenarios, User-Agent
strings sent by browsers in the HTTP protocol are useful to further refine classification results.
User-Agent strings are collected from the following:
l
ClearPass Guest (Amigopod)
l
ClearPass Onboard
l
Aruba controller through IF-MAP interface (future)
Configuration
Navigate to the Administrator > Network Setup > ClearPass page to configure ClearPass Onboard and ClearPass
Guest to send HTTP User Agent string to Profile. The screenshot below shows how the CPPM publisher and Profile
nodes configured in ClearPass Guest.
MAC OUI
MAC OUI can be useful in some cases to better classify endpoints. An example is Android™ devices where DHCP
fingerprints can only classify a device as generic android, but it cannot provide more details regarding vendor.
Combining this information with MAC OUI, profiler can classify a device as HTC™ Android, Samsung™ Android,
Motorola® Android etc. MAC OUI is also useful to profile devices like printers which may be configured with static
IP addresses.
ActiveSync Plugin
ActiveSync plugin is software provided by Aruba to be installed on Microsoft Exchange servers. When a device
communicates with exchange server using active sync protocol, it provides attributes like device-type and user-agent.
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These attributes are collected by the plugin software and is send to CPPM profiler. Profiler uses dictionaries to derive
profiles from these attributes.
CPPM OnGuard
ClearPass Onguard agents perform advanced endpoint posture assessment. It could collect and send OS details from
endpoints during authentication. Profiler uses os_type attribute from Onguard to derive a profile.
SNMP
Endpoint information obtained by reading SNMP MIBs of network devices is used to discover and profile static IP
devices in the network. The following information read via SNMP is used:
l
sysDescr information from RFC1213 MIB is used to profile the device. This is used both for profiling
switches/controllers/routers configured in CPPM, and for profiling printers and other static IP devices discovered
through SNMP or subnet scans.
l
cdpCacheTable information read from CDP (Cisco Discovery Protocol) capable devices is used to discover
neighbour devices connected to switch/controller configured in CPPM
l
lldpRemTable information read from LLDP (Link Layer Discovery Protocol) capable devices is used to discover
and profile neighbour devices connected to switch/controller configured in CPPM
l
ARPtable read from network devices is used as a means to discover endpoints in the network.
Note that the SNMP based mechanism is only capable of profiling devices if they respond to SNMP, or if the device
advertises its capability via LLDP. When performing SNMP reads for a device, CPPM uses SNMP Read credentials
configured in Network Devices, or defaults to using SNMP v2c with "public" community string.
Network Devices configured with SNMP Read enabled are polled periodically for updates based on the time interval
configured in Administration > Server Configuration > Service Parameters tab > ClearPass network services
option > Device Info Poll Interval.
The following additional settings have been introduced for Profile support:
l
Read ARP Table Info - Enable this setting if this is a Layer 3 device, and you want to use ARP table on this device
as a way to discover endpoints in the network. Static IP endpoints discovered this way are further probed via
SNMP to profile the device.
l
Force Read - Enable this setting to ensure that all CPPM nodes in the cluster read SNMP information from this
device regardless of trap configuration on the device. This option is especially useful when demonstrating static IPbased device profiling because this does not require any trap configuration on the network device.
Figure 36 SNMP Read/Write Settings Tabs
In large or geographically spread cluster deployments you do not want all CPPM nodes to probe all SNMP configured
devices. The default behaviour is for a CPPM node in the cluster to read network device information only for devices
configured to send traps to that CPPM node.
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Subnet Scan
A network subnet scan is used to discover IP addresses of devices in the network. The devices discovered this way are
further probed using SNMP to fingerprint and assign a Profile to the device.Network subnets to scan. Subnets to scan
are configured per CPPM Zone. This is particularly useful in deployments that are geographically distributed. In such
deployments, it is recommended that you assign the CPPM nodes in a cluster to multiple “Zones” (from Administration
> Server Configuration > Manage Policy Manager Zones) depending on the geographical area served by that node, and
enable Profile on at least one node per zone.
Figure 37 Configuration > Profile Settings
Profiling
The Profile module uses a two-stage approach to classify endpoints using input attributes.
Stage 1
Stage 1 tries to derive device-profiles using static dictionary lookups. Based on the attributes available, it will lookup
dhcp, http, active_sync, MAC oui, and SNMP dictionaries and derives multiple matching profiles. When multiple
matches are returned, the priority of the source that provided the attribute is used to select the appropriate profile. The
following list shows the decreasing order of priority.
l
OnGuard/ActiveSync plugin
l
HTTP User-Agent
l
SNMP
l
DHCP
l
MAC OUI
Stage 2
CPPM comes with a built-in set of rules which evaluates to a device-profile. Rules engine uses all input attributes and
device profiles from Stage 1. The resulting rule evaluation may or may not result in a profile. Stage-2 is intended to
refine the results of profiling.
Example
With DHCP options Stage-1 can identify that a device is Android. Stage-2 uses rules to combine this with MAC OUI
to further classify an android device as Samsung Android, HTC Android etc.
Post Profile Actions
After profiling an endpoint, profiler can be configured to perform CoA on the Network Device to which an endpoint is
connected. Post profile configurations are configured under Service. The administrator can select a set of categories and
a CoA profile to be applied when the profile matches one of the selected categories. CoA is triggered using the
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selected CoA profile. Any option from Endpoint Classification can be used to invoke CoA on a change of any one of
the fields (category, family, and name).
Figure 38 Services > Edit > Profiler tab settings
Fingerprint Dictionaries
CPPM uses a set of dictionaries and built-in rules to perform device fingerprinting. The following dictionaries are used
by CPPM:
l
DHCP
l
HTTP User-Agent
l
ActiveSync Attributes
l
SNMP Attributes
l
MAC OUI
Refer to Fingerprints for more information.
Because these dictionaries can change frequently, CPPM provides a way to automatically update fingerprints from a
hosted portal. If external access is provided to CPPM, the fingerprints file can be downloaded and imported through
CPPM admin. Refer to Update Portal for more information.
The Profiler User Interface
CPPM provides admin interfaces to search and view profiled endpoints. It also provides basic statistics on the profiled
endpoints. The Cluster Status Dashboard widget shows basic distribution of device types. (See Policy Manager
Dashboard fore more information on Dashboard widgets.) In addition, the Monitoring and Reporting > Live
Monitoring > Endpoint Profiler page detailed device distribution information along with a list of endpoints. From this
page, you can also search for endpoint profiles based on category, family, name, etc. Refer to Endpoint Profiler for
more information.
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Chapter 7
802.1x Wireless Use Case
The basic Policy Manager Use Case configures a Policy Manager Service to identify and evaluate an 802.1X request
from a user logging into a Wireless Access Device. The following image illustrates the flow of control for this Service.
Figure 39 Flow of Control, Basic 802.1X Configuration Use Case
Configuring the Service
Follow the steps below to configure this basic 802.1X service:
1. Create the Service
The following table provides the model for information presented in Use Cases, which assume the reader’s ability
to extrapolate from a sequence of navigational instructions (left column) and settings (in summary form in the right
column) at each step. Below the table, we call attention to any fields or functions that may not have an
immediately obvious meaning.
Policy Manager ships with fourteen preconfigured Services. In this Use Case, you select a Service that supports
802.1X wireless requests.
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Table 22: 802.1X - Create Service Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Settings
Create a new Service:
Services >
l Add Service (link) >
l
Name the Service and select a preconfigured Service Type:
l Service (tab) >
l Type (selector): 802.1X Wireless >
l Name/Description (freeform) >
l Upon completion, click Next (to
Authentication)
The following fields deserve special mention:
n
Monitor Mode: Optionally, check here to allow handshakes to occur (for monitoring purposes), but without
enforcement.
n
Service Categorization Rule: For purposes of this Use Case, accept the preconfigured Service Categorization
Rules for this Type.
2. Configure Authentication.
Follow the instructions to select [EAP FAST], one of the pre-configured Policy Manager Authentication Methods,
and Active Directory Authentication Source (AD), an external Authentication Source within your existing
enterprise.
Policy Manager fetches attributes used for role mapping from the Authorization Sources (that are associated with the
authentication source). In this example, the authentication and authorization source are one and the same.
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Table 23: Configure Authentication Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Settings
Select an Authentication Method
and an Active Directory server (that
you have already configured in
Policy Manager):
l Authentication (tab) >
l Methods (Select a method from
the drop-down list)
l Add >
l Sources (Select drop-down
list):
[Local User Repository] [Local
SQL DB]
[Guest User Repository] [Local
SQL DB]
[Guest Device Repository]
[Local SQL DB]
[Endpoints Repository] [Local
SQL DB]
[Onboard Devices Repository]
[Local SQL DB] >
[Admin User Repository] [Local
SQL DB] >
AmigoPod AD [Active
Directory>
l Add >
l Upon completion, Next (to
configure Authorization)
The following field deserves special mention:
n
Strip Username Rules: Optionally, check here to pre-process the user name (to remove prefixes and suffixes)
before sending it to the authentication source.
To view detailed setting information for any preconfigured policy component, select the item and click View Details.
3. Configure Authorization.
Policy Manager fetches attributes for role mapping policy evaluation from the Authorization Sources. In this use
case, the Authentication Source and Authorization Source are one and the same.
Table 24: 802.1X - Configure Authorization Navigation and Settings
Navigation
l
l
Settings
Configure Service level authorization
source. In this use case there is nothing
to configure. Click the Next button.
Upon completion, click Next (to Role
Mapping).
4. Apply a Role Mapping Policy
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Policy Manager tests client identity against role-mapping rules, appending any match (multiple roles acceptable) to
the request for use by the Enforcement Policy. In the event of role-mapping failure, Policy Manager assigns a
default role.
In this Use Case, create the role mapping policy RMP_DEPARTMENT that distinguishes clients by department and
the corresponding roles ROLE_ENGINEERING and ROLE_FINANCE, to which it maps:
Table 25: Role Mapping Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Settings
Create the new Role Mapping Policy:
Roles (tab) >
l Add New Role Mapping Policy (link) >
l
Add new Roles (names only):
Policy (tab) >
l Policy Name (freeform): ROLE_
ENGINEER >
l Save (button) >
l Repeat for ROLE_FINANCE >
l When you are finished working in the
Policy tab, click the Next button (in the
Rules Editor)
l
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Navigation
Settings
Create rules to map client identity to a
Role:
l Mapping Rules (tab) >
l Rules Evaluation Algorithm (radio
button): Select all matches >
l Add Rule (button opens popup) >
l Add Rule (button) >
l Rules Editor (popup) >
l Conditions/ Actions: match
Conditions to Actions (drop-down list)
>
l Upon completion of each rule, click
the Save button ( in the Rules Editor) >
l
When you are finished working in the
Mapping Rules tab, click the Save
button (in the Mapping Rules tab)
Add the new Role Mapping Policy to the
Service:
l Back in Roles (tab) >
l Role Mapping Policy (selector): RMP_
DEPARTMENT >
l Upon completion, click Next (to
Posture)
5. Configure a Posture Server
For purposes of posture evaluation, you can configure a Posture Policy (internal to Policy Manager), a Posture Server
(external), or an Audit Server (internal or external). Each of the first three use cases demonstrates one of these options;
here, the Posture Server
Policy Manager can be configured for a third-party posture server, to evaluate client health based on vendor-specific
credentials, typically credentials that cannot be evaluated internally by Policy Manager (that is, not in the form of
internal posture policies). Currently, Policy Manager supports the following posture server interface: Microsoft NPS
(RADIUS).
Refer to the following table to add the external posture server of type Microsoft NPS to the 802.1X service:
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Table 26: Posture Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Setting
Add a new Posture Server:
Posture (tab) >
l Add new Posture Server (button)
>
l
Configure Posture settings:
Posture Server (tab) >
l Name (freeform): PS_NPS
l Server Type (radio button):
Microsoft NPS
l Default Posture Token (selector):
UNKOWN
l Next (to Primary Server)
l
Configure connection settings:
Primary/ Backup Server (tabs):
Enter connection information for
the RADIUS posture server.
l Next (button): from Primary Server
to Backup Server.
l To complete your work in these
tabs, click the Save button.
l
Add the new Posture Server to the
Service:
l Back in the Posture (tab) >
l Posture Servers (selector): PS_
NPS, then click the Add button.
l Click the Next button.
6. Assign an Enforcement Policy
Enforcement Policies contain dictionary-based rules for evaluation of Role, Posture Tokens, and System Time to
Evaluation Profiles. Policy Manager applies all matching Enforcement Profiles to the Request. In the case of no
match, Policy Manager assigns a default Enforcement Profile.
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Table 27: Enforcement Policy Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Setting
Configure the Enforcement
Policy:
l Enforcement (tab) >
l Enforcement Policy
(selector): Role_Based_
Allow_Access_ Policy
For instructions about how to build such an Enforcement Policy, refer to .
7. Save the Service.
Click Save. The Service now appears at the bottom of the Services list.
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Chapter 8
Web-Based Authentication Use Case
This Service supports known Guests with inadequate 802.1X supplicants or posture agents. The following figure
illustrates the overall flow of control for this Policy Manager Service.
Figure 40 Flow-of-Control of Web-Based Authentication for Guests
Configuring the Service
Perform the following steps to configure Policy Manager for WebAuth-based Guest access.
1. Prepare the switch to pre-process WebAuth requests for the Policy Manager Aruba WebAuth service.
Refer to your Network Access Device documentation to configure the switch such that it redirects HTTP requests
to the Aruba Guest Portal , which captures username and password and optionally launches an agent that returns
posture data.
2. Create a WebAuth-based Service.
Table 28: Service Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Settings
Create a new Service:
Services >
l Add Service >
l
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Navigation
Settings
Name the Service and
select a pre-configured
Service Type:
l Service (tab) >
l Type (selector):
Aruba Web-Based
Authentication >
l Name/Description
(freeform) >
l Upon completion,
click Next.
3. Set up the Authentication.
a. Method: The Policy Manager WebAuth service authenticates WebAuth clients internally.
b. Source: Administrators typically configure Guest Users in the local Policy Manager database.
4. Configure a Posture Policy.
For purposes of posture evaluation, you can configure a Posture Policy (internal to Policy Manager), a Posture Server
(external), or an Audit Server (internal or external). Each of the first three use cases demonstrates one of these options.
This use case demonstrates the Posture Policy.
As of the current version, Policy Manager ships with five pre-configured posture plugins that evaluate the health of
the client and return a corresponding posture token.
To add the internal posture policy IPP_UNIVERSAL_XP, which (as you will configure it in this Use Case, checks
any Windows® XP clients to verify the most current Service Pack).
Table 29: Local Policy Manager Database Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Settings
Select the local Policy Manager
database:
l Authentication (tab) >
l Sources (Select drop-down list):
[Local User Repository] >
l Add >
l Strip Username Rules (check box) >
l Enter an example of preceding or
following separators (if any), with the
phrase “user” representing the
username to be returned. For
authentication, Policy Manager strips
the specified separators and any
paths or domains beyond them.
l Upon completion, click Next (until you
reach Enforcement Policy).
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Table 30: Posture Policy Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Setting
Create a Posture
Policy:
l Posture (tab) >
l Enable Validation
Check (check
box) >
l Add new Internal
Policy (link) >
Name the Posture
Policy and specify a
general class of
operating system:
l Policy (tab) >
l Policy Name
(freeform): IPP_
UNIVERSAL >
l Host Operating
System (radio
buttons):
Windows >
l When finished
working in the
Policy tab, click
Next to open the
Posture Plugins
tab
Select a Validator:
Posture Plugins
(tab) >
l Enable Windows
Health System
Validator >
l Configure
(button) >
l
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Navigation
Setting
Configure the
Validator:
l Windows System
Health Validator
(popup) >
l Enable all
Windows
operating
systems (check
box) >
l Enable Service
Pack levels for
Windows 7,
Windows Vista®,
Windows XP
Windows Server®
2008, Windows
Server 2008 R2,
and Windows
Server 2003
(check boxes) >
l Save (button) >
l When finished
working in the
Posture Plugin
tab click Next to
move to the Rules
tab)
Set rules to correlate
validation results with
posture tokens:
l Rules (tab) >
l Add Rule (button
opens popup) >
l Rules Editor
(popup) >
l Conditions/
Actions: match
Conditions(Select
Plugin/ Select
Plugin checks) to
Actions (Posture
Token)>
l In the Rules
Editor, upon
completion of
each rule, click
the Save button >
l When finished
working in the
Rules tab, click
the Next button.
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Navigation
Setting
Add the new Posture
Policy to the Service:
Back in Posture (tab)
>
Internal Policies
(selector): IPP_
UNIVERSAL_XP,
then click the Add
button
The following fields deserve special mention:
n
Default Posture Token. Value of the posture token to use if health status is not available.
n
Remediate End-Hosts. When a client does not pass posture evaluation, redirect to the indicated server for
remediation.
n
Remediation URL. URL of remediation server.
5. Create an Enforcement Policy.
Because this Use Case assumes the Guest role, and the Aruba Web Portal agent has returned a posture token, it
does not require configuration of Role Mapping or Posture Evaluation.
The SNMP_POLICY selected in this step provides full guest access to a Role of [Guest] with a Posture of Healthy, and
limited guest access.
Table 31: Enforcement Policy Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Setting
Add a new Enforcement
Policy:
l Enforcement (tab) >
l Enforcement Policy
(selector): SNMP_
POLICY
l Upon completion, click
Save.
6. Save the Service.
Click Save. The Service now appears at the bottom of the Services list.
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Chapter 9
MAC Authentication Use Case
This Service supports Network Devices, such as printers or handhelds. The following image illustrates the overall flow
of control for this Policy Manager Service. In this service, an audit is initiated on receiving the first MAC
Authentication request. A subsequent MAC Authentication request (forcefully triggered after the audit, or triggered
after a short session timeout) uses the cached results from the audit to determine posture and role(s) for the device
Figure 41 Flow-of-Control of MAC Authentication for Network Devices
Configuring the Service
Follow these steps to configure Policy Manager for MAC-based Network Device access.
1. Create a MAC Authentication Service.
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Table 32: MAC Authentication Service Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Settings
Create a new Service:
Services >
l Add Service (link) >
l
Name the Service and select
a pre-configured Service
Type:
l Service (tab) >
l Type (selector): MAC
Authentication >
l Name/Description
(freeform) >
l Upon completion, click
Next to configure
Authentication
2. Set up Authentication
Note that you can select any type of authentication/authorization source for a MAC Authentication service. Only a
Static Host list of type MAC Address List or MAC Address Regular Expression shows up in the list of
authentication sources (of type Static Host List). Refer to for more information. You can also select any other
supported type of authentication source.
Table 33: Authentication Method Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Settings
Select an Authentication Method and
two authentication sources - one of
type Static Host List and the other of
type Generic LDAP server (that you
have already configured in Policy
Manager):
l Authentication (tab) >
l Methods (This method is
automatically selected for this type
of service): [MAC AUTH] >
l Add >
l Sources (Select drop-down list):
Handhelds [Static Host List] and
Policy Manager Clients White List
[Generic LDAP] >
l Add >
l Upon completion, Next (to Audit)
3. Configure an Audit Server.
This step is optional if no Role Mapping Policy is provided, or if you want to establish health or roles using an
audit. An audit server determines health by performing a detailed system and health vulnerability analysis
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(NESSUS). You can also configure the audit server (NMAP or NESSUS) with post-audit rules that enable Policy
Manager to determine client identity.
Table 34: Audit Server Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Settings
Configure the Audit Server:
Audit (tab) >
l Audit End Hosts (enable) >
l Audit Server (selector): NMAP
l Trigger Conditions (radio
button): For MAC
authentication requests
l Reauthenticate client (check
box): Enable
l
Upon completion of the audit, Policy Manager caches Role (NMAP and NESSUS) and Posture (NESSUS), then
resets the connection (or the switch reauthenticates after a short session timeout), triggering a new request, which
follows the same path until it reaches Role Mapping/Posture/Audit; this appends cached information for this client
to the request for passing to Enforcement. Select an Enforcement Policy.
4. Select the Enforcement Policy Sample_Allow_Access_Policy:
Table 35: Enforcement Policy Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Setting
Select the Enforcement Policy:
Enforcement (tab) >
l Use Cached Results (check
box): Select Use cached Roles
and Posture attributes from
previous sessions >
l Enforcement Policy (selector):
UnmanagedClientPolicy
l When you are finished with your
work in this tab, click Save.
l
Unlike the 802.1X Service, which uses the same Enforcement Policy (but uses an explicit Role Mapping Policy to
assess Role), in this use case Policy Manager applies post-audit rules against attributes captured by the Audit Server
to infer Role(s).
5. Save the Service.
Click Save. The Service now appears at the bottom of the Services list.
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Chapter 10
TACACS+ Use Case
This Service supports Administrator connections to Network Access Devices via TACACS+. The following image
illustrates the overall flow of control for this Policy Manager Service.
Figure 42 Administrator connections to Network Access Devices via TACACS+
Configuring the Service
Perform the following steps to configure Policy Manager for TACACS+-based access:
1. Create a TACACS+ Service.
Table 36: TACACS+ Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Settings
Create a new Service:
Services >
l Add Service (link) >
l
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Navigation
Settings
Name the Service and select a preconfigured Service Type:
l Service (tab) >
l Type (selector): [Policy Manager Admin
Network Login Service] >
l Name/Description (freeform) >
l Upon completion, click Next (to
Authentication)
2. Set up the Authentication
a. Method: The Policy Manager TACACS+ service authenticates TACACS+ requests internally.
b. Source: For purposes of this use case, Network Access Devices authentication data will be stored in the Active
Directory.
Table 37: Active Directory Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Settings
Select an Active Directory server (that you have
already configured in Policy Manager):
l Authentication (tab) >
l Add >
l Sources (Select drop-down list): AD (Active
Directory) >
l Add >
l Upon completion, click Next (to Enforcement
Policy)
3. Select an Enforcement Policy.
Select the Enforcement Policy [Admin Network Login Policy] that distinguishes the two allowed roles (Net
Admin Limited and Device SuperAdmin.
Table 38: Enforcement Policy Navigation and Settings
Navigation
Setting
Select the Enforcement Policy:
Enforcement (tab) >
l Enforcement Policy (selector):
Device Command
Authorization Policy
l When you are finished with
your work in this tab, click Save.
l
4. Save the Service.
Click Save. The Service now appears at the bottom of the Services list.
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Chapter 11
Single Port Use Case
This Service supports all three types of connections on a single port.
The following figure illustrates both the overall flow of control for this hybrid service, in which complementary switch
and Policy Manager configurations allow all three types of connections on a single port:
Figure 43 Flow of the Multiple Protocol Per Port Case
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Chapter 12
Services
The Policy Manager policy model groups policy components that serve a particular type of request into Services,
which sit at the top of the policy hierarchy. Aruba Networks offers the following default services:
l
802.1X Wireless
l
802.1X Wired
l
MAC Authentication
l
Web-based Authentication
l
Web based Health Check Only
l
Web-based Open Network Access
l
802.1X Wireless - Identity Only
l
802.1X Wired - Identity Only
l
RADIUS Enforcement (Generic)
l
RADIUS Proxy
l
TACACS+ Enforcement
l
Aruba Application Authentication
l
Aruba Application Authorization
l
Cisco Web Authentication Proxy
Refer to the following sections for more detailed information:
l
"Architecture and Flow " on page 77
l
"Start Here Page " on page 78
l
"Policy Manager Service Types" on page 80
l
"Services " on page 101
n
"Adding Services " on page 102
n
"Modifying Services" on page 104
n
"Reordering Services " on page 106
Architecture and Flow
Architecturally, Policy Manager Services are:
l
Parents of their policy components, which they wrap (hierarchically) and coordinate in processing requests.
l
Siblings of other Policy Manager Services, within an ordered priority that determines the sequence in which they
are tested against requests.
l
Children of Policy Manager, which tests requests against their Rules, to find a matching Service for each request.
The flow-of-control for requests parallels this hierarchy:
l
Policy Manager tests for the first Request-to-Service-Rule match
l
The matching Service coordinates execution of its policy components
l
Those policy components process the request to return Enforcement Profiles to the network access device and,
optionally, posture results to the client.
There are two approaches to creating a new Service in Policy Manager:
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l
Bottom-Up Approach - Create all policy components (Authentication Method, Authentication Source, Role
Mapping Policy, Posture Policy, Posture Servers, Audit Servers, Enforcement Profiles, Enforcement Policy) first, as
needed, and then create the Service from using Service creation Wizard.
l
Top-Down Approach - Start with the Service creation wizard, and create the associated policy components as and
when you need them, all in the same flow.
To help you get started, Policy Manager comes pre-configured with 14 different Service types or templates. If these
service types do not suit your needs, you can roll your own service with custom service rules.
Start Here Page
From the Configuration > Start Here page, you can create a new service by clicking on any of the pre-configured
Policy Manager Service Types.
Each of the service types is listed in a graphical list, with a description of each type:
Figure 44 Start Here page
After you select a service type, the associated service wizard is displayed with a clickable diagram that shows on top
of the wizard. The following image displays the flow with all available configuration options for 802.1X Wireless:
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Figure 45 Service Wizard with Clickable Flow
The rest of the service configuration flow is as described in Policy Manager Service Types.
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Policy Manager Service Types
The following service types come preconfigured on Policy Manager:
Table 39: Policy Manager Service Types
Service Type
Aruba802.1X
Wireless
802.1X
Wireless
Description
Template for wireless hosts connecting through an Aruba 802.11 wireless access
device or controller, with authentication via IEEE 802.1X. Service rules are customized
for a typical Aruba WLAN Mobility Controller deployment.
Refer to the "802.1X Wireless " on page 80 service type for a description of the different
tabs.
For wireless clients connecting through an 802.11 wireless access device or controller,
with authentication via IEEE 802.1X. By default, the template displays with the Service,
Authentication, Roles, Enforcement, and Summary tabs. In the More Options section,
click on Authorization, Posture Compliance, Audit End Hosts, or Profile Endpoints to
enable additional tabs.
To configure authentication methods and authentication source, click on the
Authentication tab.
The Authentication methods used for this service depend on the 802.1X supplicants
and the type of authentication methods you choose to deploy. The common types are
PEAP, EAP-TLS, EAP-FAST or EAP-TTLS (These methods are automatically selected).
Non-tunneled EAP methods such as EAP-MD5 can also be used as authentication
methods.
The Authentication sources used for this type of service can be one or more instances
of the following: Active Directory, LDAP Directory, SQL DB, Token Server or the Policy
Manager local DB. For more information on configuring authentication sources, refer to
"Adding and Modifying Authentication Sources " on page 128.
You can enable Strip Username Rules to, optionally, pre-process the user name (to
remove prefixes and suffixes) before authenticating and authorizing against the
authentication source.
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Service Type
Description
To create an authorization source for this service click on the Authorization tab. This tab
is not visible by default. To enable Authorization for this service select the Authorization
check box on the Service tab. Policy Manager fetches role mapping attributes from the
authorization sources associated with service, regardless of which authentication
source was used to authenticate the user. For a given service, role mapping attributes
are fetched from the following authorization sources:
The authorization sources associated with the service. For more information on
configuring authorization sources, refer to "Adding and Modifying Authentication
Methods" on page 111.
To associate a role mapping policy with this service click on the Roles tab. For
information on configuring role mapping policies, refer to "Configuring a Role Mapping
Policy " on page 157.
By default, this type of service does not have Posture checking enabled. To enable
posture checking for this service select the Posture Compliance check box on the
Service tab. You can enable posture checking for this kind of service if you are
deploying Policy Manager in a Microsoft NAP or Cisco NAC framework environment, or
if you are deploying anAruba hosted captive portal that does posture checks through a
dissolvable agent. You can also choose to Enable auto-remediation of non-compliant
end-hosts and enter the Remediation URL of a server resource that can perform
remediation action (when a client is quarantined).
For more information on configuring Posture Polices and Posture Servers refer to
topics: "Adding and Modifying Posture Policies " on page 171 and "Adding and
Modifying Posture Servers " on page 197.
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Service Type
Description
By default, this type of service does not have Audit checking enabled. To enable
posture checking for this service select the Audit End-hosts check box on the Service
tab.
Select an Audit Server - either built-in or customized. Refer to "Configuring Audit
Servers" on page 199 for audit server configuration steps.
You can specify to trigger an audit always, when posture is not available, or for MAC
authentication requests. If For MAC authentication requests is specified, then you can
perform an audit For known end-hosts only or For unknown end hosts only, or For all
end hosts. Known end hosts are defined as those clients that are found in the
authentication source(s) associated with this service. Performing audit on a client is an
asynchronous task, which means the audit can be performed only after the MAC
authentication request has been completed and the client has acquired an IP address
through DHCP. Once the audit results are available,there should be a way for Policy
Manager to re-apply policies on the network device. This can be accomplished in one
of the following ways:
l No Action: The audit will not apply policies on the network device after this audit.
l Do SNMP bounce: This option will bounce the switch port or to force an 802.1X
reauthentication (both done via SNMP).
NOTE: Bouncing the port triggers a new 802.1X/MAC authentication request by the
client. If the audit server already has the posture token and attributes associated with
this client in its cache, it returns the token and the attributes to Policy Manager.
l Trigger RADIUS CoA action: This option sends a RADIUS Change of Authorization
command to the network device by Policy Manager.
You must select an enforcement policy (see "Configuring Enforcement Policies " on
page 221) for a service.
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Service Type
Description
Optionally configure Profiler settings. Select one or more Endpoint Classification items
from the drop down list, then select the RADIUS CoA action. You can also create a new
action by selecting the Add new RADIUS CoA Action link.
To create an authorization source for this service click on the Authorization tab. This tab
is not visible by default. To enable Authorization for this service select the Authorization
check box on the Service tab. Policy Manager fetches role mapping attributes from the
authorization sources associated with service, regardless of which authentication
source was used to authenticate the user. For a given service, role mapping attributes
are fetched from the following authorization sources:
l The authorization sources associated with the authentication source
l The authorization sources associated with the service. For more information on
configuring authorization sources, refer to "Adding and Modifying Authentication
Methods" on page 111.
To associate a role mapping policy with this service click on the Roles tab. For
information on configuring role mapping policies, refer to "Configuring a Role Mapping
Policy " on page 157.
By default, this type of service does not have Posture checking enabled. To enable
posture checking for this service select the Posture Compliance check box on the
Service tab.
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Service Type
Description
You can enable posture checking for this kind of service if you are deploying Policy
Manager in a Microsoft NAP or Cisco NAC framework environment, or if you are
deploying anAruba hosted captive portal that does posture checks through a
dissolvable agent. You can also choose to Enable auto-remediation of non-compliant
end-hosts and enter the Remediation URL of a server resource that can perform
remediation action (when a client is quarantined).
For more information on configuring Posture Polices and Posture Servers refer to
topics: "Adding and Modifying Posture Policies " on page 171 and "Adding and
Modifying Posture Servers " on page 197.
By default, this type of service does not have Audit checking enabled. To enable
posture checking for this service select the Audit End-hosts check box on the Service
tab.
Select an Audit Server - either built-in or customized. Refer to "Configuring Audit
Servers" on page 199 for audit server configuration steps.
You can specify to trigger an audit always, when posture is not available, or for MAC
authentication requests. If For MAC authentication requests is specified, then you can
perform an audit For known end-hosts only or For unknown end hosts only, or For all
end hosts. Known end hosts are defined as those clients that are found in the
authentication source(s) associated with this service. Performing audit on a client is an
asynchronous task, which means the audit can be performed only after the MAC
authentication request has been completed and the client has acquired an IP address
through DHCP. Once the audit results are available, there should be a way for Policy
Manager to re-apply policies on the network device. This can be accomplished in one
of the following ways:
l No Action: The audit will not apply policies on the network device after this audit.
l Do SNMP bounce: This option will bounce the switch port or to force an 802.1X
reauthentication (both done via SNMP).Note: Bouncing the port triggers a new
802.1X/MAC authentication request by the client. If the audit server already has the
posture token and attributes associated with this client in its cache, it returns the
token and the attributes to Policy Manager.
l Trigger RADIUS CoA action: This option sends a RADIUS Change of Authorization
command to the network device by Policy Manager.
You must select an enforcement policy (see "Configuring Enforcement Policies " on
page 221) for a service.
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Service Type
Description
Optionally configure Profiler settings. Select one or more Endpoint Classification items
from the drop down list, then select the RADIUS CoA action. You can also create a new
action by selecting the Add new RADIUS CoA Action link.
For clients connecting through an Ethernet LAN, with authentication via IEEE 802.1X.
802.1X Wired
Except for the service rules shown above, configuration for the rest of the tabs is similar
to the 802.1X Wireless Service.
NOTE: If you want to administer the same set of policies for wired and wireless access,
you can combine the service rule to define one single service. The other option is to
keep two services for wired and wireless access, but re-use the policy components
(authentication methods, authentication source, authorization source, role mapping
policies, posture policies, and enforcement policies) in both services.
Refer to the "802.1X Wireless " on page 80 service type for a description of the different
tabs.
MAC
Authentication
MAC-based authentication service, for clients without an 802.1X supplicant or a posture
agent (printers, other embedded devices, and computers owned by guests or
contractors). The network access device sends a MAC authentication request to Policy
Manager. Policy Manager can look up the client in a white list or a black list,
authenticate and authorize the client against an external authentication/authorization
source, and optionally perform an audit on the client.
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Service Type
Description
The default Authentication method used for this type of service is [MAC AUTH], which is
a special type of method called MAC-AUTH. When this authentication method is
selected, Policy Manager does stricter checking of the MAC Address of the client. This
type of service can use either a built-in static host list (refer to "Adding and Modifying
Static Host Lists " on page 167), or any other authentication source for the purpose of
white-listing or black-listing the client. You can also specify the role mapping policy,
based on categorization of the MAC addresses in the authorization sources.
NOTE: You cannot configure Posture for this type of service.
Audit can optionally be enabled for this type of service by checking the Audit End-hosts
check box on the Service tab.
You can perform audit For known end-hosts only or For unknown end hosts only or For
all end hosts. Known end hosts are defined as those clients that are found in the
authentication source(s) associated with this service. Performing audit on a client is an
asynchronous task, which means the audit can be performed only after the MAC
authentication request has been completed and the client has acquired an IP address
through DHCP. Once the audit results are available, there should be a way for Policy
Manager to re-apply policies on the network device. This can be accomplished in one
of the following ways:
l No Action: The audit will not apply policies on the network device after this audit.
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Service Type
Description
Do SNMP bounce: This option will bounce the switch port or to force an 802.1X
reauthentication (both done via SNMP).Note: Bouncing the port triggers a new
802.1X/MAC authentication request by the client. If the audit server already has the
posture token and attributes associated with this client in its cache, it returns the
token and the attributes to Policy Manager.
l Trigger RADIUS CoA action: This option sends a RADIUS Change of Authorization
command to the network device by Policy Manager.
Refer to the "802.1X Wireless " on page 80 service type for a description of the other
tabs.
l
Web-based
Authentication
Web-based authentication service for guests or agentless hosts, via the Aruba built-in
Portal. The user is redirected to the Aruba captive portal by the network device, or by a
DNS server that is set up to redirect traffic on a subnet to a specific URL. The web page
collects username and password, and also optionally collects health information (on
Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, Windows Server 2008, Windows 2000,
Windows Server 2003, popular Linux systems). There is an internal service rule
(Connection:Protocol EQUALS WebAuth) that categorizes request into this type of
service. You can add other rules, if needed.
There is no authentication method associated with this type of service (Authentication
methods are only relevant for RADIUS requests). You can select any type of
authentication source with this type of service.
Note that when you configure posture policies, only those that are configured for the
OnGuard Agent are shown in list of posture policies. Refer to the "802.1X Wireless " on
page 80 service type for a description of the other tabs.
This type of service is the same as the Web-based Authentication service, except that
there is no authentication performed; only health checking is done. There is an internal
service rule (Connection:Protocol EQUALS WebAuth) that categorizes request into this
type of service. There is also an external service rule that is automatically added when
you select this type of service: Host:CheckType EQUALS Health.
Web-based
Health Check
Only
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Service Type
Description
This type of service is similar to other Web-based services, except that authentication
and health checking are not performed on the endpoint. A Terms of Service page (as
configured on the Guest Portal page) is presented to the user. Network access is
granted when the user click on the submit action on the page.
Web-based
Open Network
Access
This type of service is the same as regular 802.1X Wireless Service, except that posture
and audit policies are not configurable when you use this template.
802.1X
Wireless Identity Only
This type of service is the same as regular 802.1X Wired Service, except that posture
and audit policies are not configurable when you use this template.
802.1X Wired Identity Only
Template for any kind of RADIUS request. Rules can be added to handle RADIUS
requests that sends any type of standard or vendor-specific attributes.
RADIUS
Enforcement
[Generic]
NOTE: No default rule associated with this service type. Rules can be added to handle
any type of standard or vendor-specific RADIUS attributes (any attribute that is loaded
through the pre-packaged vendor-specific or standard RADIUS dictionaries, or through
other dictionaries imported into Policy Manager).
You can click on the Authorization, Posture Compliance, Audit End-hosts and Profile
Endpoints options to enable additional tabs. Refer to the "802.1X Wireless " on page 80
service type for a description of the other tabs.
Template for any kind of RADIUS request that needs to be proxied to another RADIUS
server (a Proxy Target).
RADIUS Proxy
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Service Type
Description
NOTE: No default rule is associated with this service type. Rules can be added to
handle any type of standard or vendor-specific RADIUS attributes. Typically, proxying is
based on a realm or domain of the user trying to access the network.
NOTE: Authentication, Posture, and Audit tabs are not available for this service type.
Role mapping rules can be created based on the RADIUS attributes that are returned
by the proxy target (using standard or vendor-specific RADIUS attributes).
The servers to which requests are proxied are called Proxy Targets. Requests can be
dispatched to the proxy targets randomly; over time these requests are Load Balanced.
Instead, in the Failover mode, requests can be dispatched to the first proxy target in the
ordered list of targets, and then subsequently to the other proxy targets, sequentially, if
the prior requests failed. When you Enable proxy for accounting requests accounting
requests are also sent to the proxy targets.
Template for any kind of TACACS+ request.
TACACS+
Enforcement
NOTE: No default rule is associated with this service type. Rules can be added to filter
the request based on the Date and Connection namespaces. See "Rules Editing and
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Service Type
Description
Namespaces" on page 329 for more information.
TACACS+ users can be authenticated against any of the supported authentication
source types: Local DB, SQL DB, Active Directory, LDAP Directory or Token Servers
with a RADIUS interface. Similarly, service level authorization sources can be specified
from the Authorization tab. Note that this tab is not enabled by default. Select the
Authorization check box on the Service tab to enable this feature.
A role mapping policy can be associated with this service from the Roles tab.
The result of evaluating a TACACS+ enforcement policy is one or more TACACS+
enforcement profiles. For more information on TACACS+ enforcement profiles, see
"TACACS+ Enforcement Profiles " on page 216 for more information.
This type of service provides authentication and authorization to users of Aruba
applications: Guest and Insight. Application Enforcement Profiles can be sent to these
or other generic applications for authorizing the users.
ArubaApplicati
on
Authentication
Web-based authentication service for guests or agentless hosts. The Cisco switch hosts
a captive portal; the portal web page collects username and password. The switch then
sends a RADIUS request in the form of a PAP authentication request to Policy Manager.
Cisco WebAuthentication
Proxy
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Service Type
Description
By default, this service uses the Authentication Method [PAP] [PAP]
You can click on the Authorization and Audit End-hosts options to enable additional
tabs. Refer to the "802.1X Wireless " on page 80 service type for a description of these
tabs.
Service Templates
ClearPass Policy Manager Provides the ability to create templates for services where you can define baseline policies
and require specific data when you create services. Service templates are for creating services and other components
such as role-mapping policies, enforcement policies, and network devices with a fill in the blanks approach. You fill in
various fields and Policy Manager creates all the different configuration elements that are needed for the service.These
various configuration elements are added back to the service when it is created.
The services templates include
l
802.1X Wired, 802.1X Wireless, and Aruba 802.1X Wireless
l
ClearPass Admin Access
l
ClearPass Admin SSO Login
l
EDUROAM
l
Guest Access - Web Login Pre-Auth
l
Guest Access
l
Guest MAC Authentication
l
Onboard Authorization
Figure 46 Service Templates home page
The following sections describe how to create a template.
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802.1X Wired, 802.1X Wireless, and Aruba 802.1X Wireless
The 902.1X Wired template is designed for end-hosts connecting through an Ethernet LAN, with authentication via IEEE 802.1X. It allows configuring both identity and posture based policies. The 902.1X
Wireless template is intended for wireless end-hosts connecting through an 802.11 wireless access device
or controller, with authentication via IEEE 802.1X. It allows configuring both identity and posture based
policies. The Aruba 802.1X Wireless template is designed for wireless end-hosts connecting through an
Aruba 802.11 wireless access device or controller, with authentication via IEEE 802.1X (Service rules
customized for Aruba WLAN Mobility Controllers).All three templates are configured using identical
parameters.
Figure 47 802.1X Wired, 902.1X Wireless, and Aruba 802.1X Wireless Service Template
Table 40: 802.1X Wired ,802.1X Wireless, and Aruba 802.1X Wireless Service Template Parameters
Parameter
Name Prefix
Description
Enter an optional prefix that will be prepended to services using this template. Use this
to identify services that use templates.
Authentication
92
AD Name
Enter your active directory name.
Description
Enter a description that will help you identify the characteristics of this template.
Server
Enter the hostname or the IP address of the Active Directory server.
Identity
Enter the Distinguished Name of the administrator account
NETBIOS
Enter the server Active Directory domain name.
Base DN
.Enter DN of the node in your directory tree from which to start searching for records.
Password
Enter the account password.
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Parameter
Port
Description
Enter the TCP port where the server is listening for connection.
Enforcement Details
Attribute Name
The active directory attribute name
Attribute Value
The active directory attribute value.
VLAN ID
Standard RADIUS-IETF VLAN ID.
Wireless Network Settings
Wireless
controller name
The name given to the Wireless Controller.
Controller
IP Address
The wireless controller's IP address.
Vendor Name
Select the manufacturer of the wireless controller.
RADIUS
Shared Secret
Enter the shared secret that is configured on the controller and inside Policy Manager
to send and receive RADIUS requests.
Enable
RADIUS CoA
Select to enable Radius - Initiated Change of Authorization on the network device.
RADIUS CoA
Port
By default this is port 3799 if Radius CoA is enabled. Change this value only if you
defined a custom port on the network device..
ClearPass Admin Access
This template is designed for TACACS+ service that authenticates users against Active Directory (AD)
and uses AD attributes to determine appropriate privilege level for ClearPass Policy Manager admin
access.
Figure 48 ClearPass Admin Access Service Template
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Table 41: ClearPass Admin Access Service Template Parameters
Parameter
Name Prefix
Description
Enter an optional prefix that will be prepended to services using this template. Use
this to identify services that use templates.
Authentication
AD Name
Enter the hostname or the IP address of the Active Directory server.
Description
Enter a description that will help you identify the characteristics of this template.
Server
Enter the hostname or the IP address of the Active Directory server.
Identity
Enter the Distinguished Name of the administrator account
NETBIOS
Enter the server Active Directory domain name.
Base DN
Enter the Distinguished Name of the administrator account.
Password
Enter the account password.
Port
Enter the TCP port where the server is listening for connection.
Role Mapping
Name/Description
Enter a free-form name and description here.
Attribute Name
Select the active directory attribute.
Super Admin
Condition
Read Only Admin
Condition
Defines the privilege levels.
Help Desk
Condition
ClearPass Admin SSO Login
This template is designed for application service that allows SAML-based Single Sign-On (SSO) authenticated users to access the application
Figure 49 ClearPass Admin SSO Login Service Template
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Table 42: ClearPass Admin SSO Login Service Template Parameters
Parameter
Name Prefix
Description
Enter an optional prefix that will be prepended to services using this template. Use this to
identify services that use templates.
Service Rule
Application
Select the application that single-sign-on-authenticated administrative users will be able to
access.
EDUROAM
This template is designed for three types of situations:
l
Local campus users connecting to eduroam from the local wireless network.
l
Roaming users from an eduroam campus connecting to their campus network.
l
Roaming users connecting from local campus or other campuses that are part of the eduroam federation.
Figure 50 EDUROAM Service Template
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Table 43: EDUROAM Service Template Parameters
Parameter
Description
Name Prefix
Enter an optional prefix that will be prepended to services using this template. Use
this to identify services that use templates.
Service Rule
Service Rule
Enter domain
details
Enter the domain name of the network.
Select Vendor
Select the vendor of the network device.
Authentication
AD Name
Enter the hostname or the IP address of the Active Directory server.
Description
Enter a description that will help you identify the characteristics of this template.
Server
Enter the hostname or the IP address of the Active Directory server.
Identity
Enter the Distinguished Name of the administrator account
NETBIOS
Enter the server Active Directory domain name.
Base DN
Enter the Distinguished Name of the administrator account.
Password
Enter the account password.
Port
Enter the TCP port where the server is listening for connection.
Wireless Network Settings
Wireless controller
name
The name given to the Wireless Controller.
Controller
IP Address
The wireless controller's IP address.
Vendor Name
Select the manufacturer of the wireless controller.
RADIUS Shared
Secret
Enter the shared secret that is configured on the controller and inside Policy
Manager to send and receive RADIUS requests.
Enable
RADIUS CoA
Select to enable Radius - Initiated Change of Authorization on the network device.
RADIUS CoA Port
By default this is port 3799 if Radius CoA is enabled. Change this value only if you
defined a custom port on the network device..
FLRs
96
Host Name
The hostname of the federation RADIUS server.
Vendor Name
Select the manufacturer of the wireless controller.
RADIUS Shared
Secret
Enter the shared secret that is configured on the controller and inside Policy
Manager to send and receive RADIUS requests.
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Parameter
Description
Enable
RADIUS CoA
Select to enable Radius - Initiated Change of Authorization on the network device.
RADIUS CoA Port
By default this is port 3799 if Radius CoA is enabled. Change this value only if you
defined a custom port on the network device..
RADIUS
Authentication Port
Enter a port number here.
RADIUS Accounting
Port
Enter a port number here.
Guest Access - Web Login Pre-Auth
Figure 51 Web Login Pre-Auth Service Template
Table 44: Web Login Pre-Auth Service Template Paramters
Parameter
Name Prefix
Description
Enter an optional prefix that will be prepended to services using this template. Use this
to identify services that use templates.
Wireless Network Settings
Wireless
controller name
The name given to the Wireless Controller.
Controller
IP Address
The wireless controller's IP address.
Vendor Name
Select the manufacturer of the wireless controller.
RADIUS
Shared Secret
Enter the shared secret that is configured on the controller and inside Policy Manager
to send and receive RADIUS requests.
Enable
RADIUS CoA
Select to enable Radius - Initiated Change of Authorization on the network device.
RADIUS CoA
Port
By default this is port 3799 if Radius CoA is enabled. Change this value only if you
defined a custom port on the network device..
Guest Access Restrictions
Days allowed
for access
Select the days on which access is allowed.
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Guest Access
This template is designed for authenticating guest users who login via captive portal. Guests must reauthenticate after session expiry.Guest Access can be restricted based on day of the week, bandwidth
limit and number of unique devices used by the guest user.
Figure 52 Guest Access Service Template
Table 45: Guest Access Service Template Parameters
Parameter
Name Prefix
Description
Enter an optional prefix that will be prepended to services using this template. Use
this to identify services that use templates.
Wireless Network Settings
Wireless SSID for
Guest access
Enter the SSID value here.
Wireless controller
name
The name given to the Wireless Controller.
Controller
IP Address
The wireless controller's IP address.
Vendor Name
Select the manufacturer of the wireless controller.
RADIUS Shared
Secret
Enter the shared secret that is configured on the controller and inside Policy
Manager to send and receive RADIUS requests.
Enable
RADIUS CoA
Select to enable Radius - Initiated Change of Authorization on the network device.
RADIUS CoA Port
By default this is port 3799 if Radius CoA is enabled. Change this value only if you
defined a custom port on the network device..
Guest Access Restrictions
98
Days allowed for
access
Select the days on which access is allowed.
Maximum
bandwidth allowed
per user
Enter a number to set an upper limit for the amount of data, in megabytes, a user is
allowed per day. A value of 0 (zero). the default, means no limit is set.
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Guest MAC Authentication
This template is designed for authenticating guest accounts based on the cached MAC Addresses used
during authentication. A guest can belong to a specific role, such as Contractor, Guest, or Employee, and
each role can have different lifetime for the cached MAC Address.
Figure 53 Guest MAC Authentication Service Template
Table 46: Guest MAC Authentication Service Template Parameters.
Parameter
Description
Name Prefix
Enter an optional prefix that will be prepended to services using this template.
Use this to identify services that use templates.
Wireless Network
Settings
Wireless Network Settings
Wireless SSID for
Guest access
Enter the SSID name of your network.
Wireless controller
name
The name given to the Wireless Controller.
Controller IP Address
The wireless controller's IP address.
Vendor Name
Select the manufacturer of the wireless controller.
RADIUS Shared
Secret
Enter the shared secret that is configured on the controller and inside Policy
Manager to send and receive RADIUS requests.
Enable RADIUS CoA
Select to enable Radius - Initiated Change of Authorization on the network
device.
RADIUS CoA Port
By default this is port 3799 if Radius CoA is enabled. Change this value only if
you defined a custom port on the network device..
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Parameter
Description
MAC Caching Settings
Cache duration for
Guest Role
Enter the number of days the MAC account will remain valid for Guest Role. After
this the guest will need to re-authenticate via captive portal.
Cache duration for
Employee role
Enter the number of days the MAC account will remain valid for Employee Role.
After this the guest will need to re-authenticate via captive portal.
Cache duration for
Contractor role
Enter the number of days the MAC account will remain valid for Contractor Role.
After this the guest will need to re-authenticate via captive portal.
Guest Access Restrictions
Days allowed for
access
Select the days on which access is allowed.
Maximum number of
devices allowed per
user
Enter a number to define how many devices users can connect to the network.
Maximum bandwidth
allowed per user
Enter a number to set an upper limit for the amount of data, in megabytes, a user
is allowed per day. A value of 0 (zero). the default, means no limit is set.
Onboard Authorization
This template is designed for configuration that allows checks to be performed before allowing Onboard
provisioning for BYOD use-cases.
Figure 54 Onboard Authorization Service Template
Table 47: Onboard Authorization Service Template Parameters
Parameter
Name Prefix
Description
Enter an optional prefix that will be prepended to services using this template.
Use this to identify services that use templates.
Wireless Network Settings
Wireless controller
name
100
The name given to the Wireless Controller.
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Parameter
Description
Controller IP Address
The wireless controller's IP address.
Vendor Name
Select the manufacturer of the wireless controller.
RADIUS Shared Secret
Enter the shared secret that is configured on the controller and inside Policy
Manager to send and receive RADIUS requests.
Enable RADIUS CoA
Select to enable Radius - Initiated Change of Authorization on the network
device.
RADIUS CoA Port
By default this is port 3799 if Radius CoA is enabled. Change this value only if
you defined a custom port on the network device..
Guest Access Restrictions
Days allowed for
access
Select the days on which access is allowed.
Provisioning Wireless Network Settings
Wireless SSID for
Onboard Provisioning
Enter the SSID of your network.
Services
You can use these service types as configured, or you can edit their settings.
Figure 55 Service Listing Page
The Services page includes the following fields.
Table 48: Services page
Label
Description
Add
Service
Add a service
Import
Services
Import previously exported services
Export
Service
Export all currently defined services, including all associated policies
Filter
Filter the service listing by specifying values for different listing fields (Name, Type, Template,
Status)
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Label
Description
Status
The status displays in the last column of the table. A green/red icon indicates
enabled/disabled state. Clicking on the icon allows you to toggle the status of a Service
between Enabled and Disabled. Note that when a service is in Monitor Mode, an [m] indicator
is displayed next to the status icon.
Reorder
The Reorder button below the table is used for reorder services.
Copy
Create a copy of the service. An instance of the name prefixed with Copy_of_ is created
Export
Export the selected services
Delete
Delete the selected services
For additional information, refer to the following sections:
l
"Adding Services " on page 102
l
"Modifying Services" on page 104
l
"Reordering Services " on page 106
Adding Services
From the Services page (Configuration > Services) or from the Start Here page (Configuration > Start Here), you
can create a new service using the Add Service option.
Click on Add Service in the upper-right corner to add a new service.
Figure 56 Add Service Page
The Add Service tab includes the following fields.
Table 49: Service Page (General Parameters)
102
Label
Description
Type
Select the desired service type from the drop down menu. When working with service rules,
you can select from the following namespace dictionaries:
l Application: The type of application for this service.
l Authentication: The Authentication method to be used for this service.
l Connection: Originator address (Src-IP-Address, Src-Port), Destination address (DestIP-Address, Dest-Port), and Protocol
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Label
Description
Device: Filter the service based on a specific device type, vendor, operating system
location, or controller ID.
l Date: Time-of-Day, Day-of-Week, or Date-of-Year
l Endpoint: Filter based on endpoint information, such as enabled/disabled, device, OS,
location, and more.
l Host: Filter based on host Name, OSType, FQDN, UserAgent, CheckType, UniqueID,
Agent-Type, and InstalledSHAs,
l RADIUS: Policy Manager ships with a number of vendor-specific namespace
dictionaries and distinguishes vendor-specific RADIUS namespaces with the notation
RADIUS:vendor (sometimes with an additional suffix for a particular device). To add a
dictionary for a vendor-specific RADIUS namespace, navigate to Administration >
Dictionaries > Radius > Import Dictionary (link).
The notation RADIUS:IETF refers to the RADIUS attributes defined in RFC 2865 and
associated RFCs. As the name suggests, RADIUS namespace is only available when
the request type is RADIUS.
l Any other supported namespace. See "Namespaces" on page 329 for an exhaustive list
of namespaces and their descriptions.
To create new Services, you can copy or import other Services for use as is or as
templates, or you can create a new Service from scratch.
l
Name
Label for a Service.
Description
Description for a Service (optional).
Monitor
Mode
Optionally check the Enable to monitor network access without enforcement to allow
authentication and health validation exchanges to take place between endpoint and Policy
Manager, but without enforcement. In monitor mode, no enforcement profiles (and
associated attributes) are sent to the network device.
Policy Manager also allows Policy Simulation (Monitoring > Policy Simulation) where the
administrator can test for the results of a particular configuration of policy components.
More
Options
Select any of the available check boxes to enable the configuration tabs for those options.
The available check boxes varies based on the type of service that is selected and may
include one or more of the following:
l Authorization: Select an authorization source from the drop down menu to add the
source or select the Add new Authentication Source link to create a new source.
l Posture Compliance: Select a Posture Policy from the drop down menu to add the
policy or create a new policy by clicking the link. Select the default Posture token.
Specify whether to enable auto-remediation of non-compliant end hosts. If this is
enabled, then enter the Remediation URL. Finally, specify the Posture Server from the
drop down menu or add a new server by clicking the Add new Posture Server link.
l
Audit End-hosts: Select an Audit Server, either built-in or customized. Refer to
"Configuring Audit Servers" on page 199 for audit server configuration steps. For this
type of service you can perform audit Always, When posture is not available, or For
MAC authentication requests.
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Label
Description
You can specify to trigger an audit always, when posture is not available, or for MAC
authentication requests. If For MAC authentication requests is specified, then you can
perform an audit For known end-hosts only or For unknown end hosts only, or For all
end hosts. Known end hosts are defined as those clients that are found in the
authentication source(s) associated with this service. Performing audit on a client is an
asynchronous task, which means the audit can be performed only after the MAC
authentication request has been completed and the client has acquired an IP address
through DHCP. Once the audit results are available, there should be a way for Policy
Manager to re-apply policies on the network device. This can be accomplished in one
of the following ways:
n No Action: The audit will not apply policies on the network device after this audit.
n Do SNMP bounce: This option will bounce the switch port or to force an 802.1X
reauthentication (both done via SNMP).
NOTE: Bouncing the port triggers a new 802.1X/MAC authentication request by the client.
If the audit server already has the posture token and attributes associated with this client in
its cache, it returns the token and the attributes to Policy Manager.
n Trigger RADIUS CoA action: This option sends a RADIUS Change of Authorization
command to the network device by Policy Manager.
l Optionally configure Profiler settings. Select one or more Endpoint Classification items
from the drop down list, then select the RADIUS CoA action. You can also create a new
action by selecting the Add new RADIUS CoA Action link.
Modifying Services
Navigate to the Configuration > Services page to view available services. You can use these service types as
configured, or you can edit their settings.
Figure 57 Service Listing Page
To modify an existing service, click on its name in the Configuration > Services page. This opens the Services > Edit
- <service_name> form. Select the Service tab on this form to edit the service information.
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Figure 58 Services Configuration
The following fields are available on the Service tab.
Table 50: Service Page (General Parameters)
Label
Description
Name
Enter or modify the label for a service.
Description
Enter or modify the service description (optional).
Type
This is a non-editable label that shows the type of service as it was originally configured.
Status
This non-editable label indicates whether the service is enabled or disabled.
NOTE: You can disable a service by clicking the Disable button on the bottom-right corner
of the form.This button will toggle between Enable and Disable depending on the Service's
current status.
Monitor
Mode
This non-editable check box indicates whether authentication and health validation
exchanges will take place between endpoint and Policy Manager, but without enforcement.
In monitor mode, no enforcement profiles (and associated attributes) are sent to the
network device.
More
Options
Select the available check box(es) to view additional configuration tab(s). The options that
are available depend on the type of service currently being modified. TACACS+ Service,
for example, allows for authorization configuration.RADIUS Service allows for configuration
of posture compliance, end hosts, profile endpoints, and authorization.
On the lower half of the form, select an available rule within the Service Rule table. The following fields are
available.
Table 51: Service Page (Rules Editor)
Label
Description
Type
The rules editor appears throughout the Policy Manager interface. It exposes different
namespace dictionaries depending on Service type. When working with service rules, you
can select from the following namespace dictionaries:
l Application: The type of application for this service.
l Authentication: The Authentication method to be used for this service.
l Connection: Originator address (Src-IP-Address, Src-Port), Destination address (Dest-IPAddress, Dest-Port), and Protocol
l Device: Filter the service based on a specific device type, vendor, operating system
location, or controller ID.
l Date: Time-of-Day, Day-of-Week, or Date-of-Year
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Label
Description
l
l
l
l
Endpoint: Filter based on endpoint information, such as enabled/disabled, device, OS,
location, and more.
Host: Filter based on host Name, OSType, FQDN, UserAgent, CheckType, UniqueID,
Agent-Type, and InstalledSHAs,
RADIUS: Policy Manager ships with a number of vendor-specific namespace dictionaries
and distinguishes vendor-specific RADIUS namespaces with the notation RADIUS:vendor
(sometimes with an additional suffix for a particular device). To add a dictionary for a
vendor-specific RADIUS namespace, navigate to Administration > Dictionaries > Radius
> Import Dictionary (link).
The notation RADIUS:IETF refers to the RADIUS attributes defined in RFC 2865 and
associated RFCs. As the name suggests, RADIUS namespace is only available when the
request type is RADIUS.
Any other supported namespace. See "Namespaces" on page 329 for an exhaustive list of
namespaces and their descriptions.
Name
(of
attribute)
Drop-down list of attributes present in the selected namespace.
Operator
Drop-down list of context-appropriate (with respect to the attribute) operators. See "Operators"
on page 335 for an exhaustive list of operators and their descriptions.
Value of
attribute
Depending on attribute data type, this can be a free-form (one or many lines) edit box, a dropdown list, or a time/date widget.
Reordering Services
Policy Manager evaluates requests against the service rules of each service that is configured, in the order in which
these services are defined. The service associated with the first matching service rule is then associated with this
request. To change the order in which service rules are processed, you can change the order of services.
1. To reorder services, navigate to the Configuration > Services page. The following page displays.
Figure 59 Service Reorder Button
2. Click the Reorder button located on the lower-right portion of the page to open the Reordering Services form.
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Figure 60 Reordering Services
Table 52: Reordering Services
Label
Description
Move Up/Move Down
Select a service from the list and move it up or down
Save
Save the reorder operation
Cancel
Cancel the reorder operation
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Chapter 13
Authentication and Authorization
As the first step in Service-based processing, Policy Manager uses an Authentication Method to authenticate the user
or device against an Authentication Source. Once the user or device is authenticated, Policy Manager fetches attributes
for role mapping policies from the Authorization Sources associated with this Authentication Source.
Architecture and Flow
Policy Manager divides the architecture of authentication and authorization into three components:
l
Authentication Method. Policy Manager initiates the authentication handshake by sending available methods, in
priority order, until the client accepts a methods or until it NAKs the last method, with the following possible
outcomes:
n
Successful negotiation returns a method, for use in authenticating the client against the Authentication Source.
n
Where no method is specified (for example, for unmanageable devices), Policy Manager passes the request to the
next configured policy component for this Service.
n
Policy Manager rejects the connection.
An Authentication Method is only configurable for some service types (Refer to "Policy Manager Service Types" on page
80). All 802.1X services (wired and wireless) have an associated Authentication Method. An authentication method (of
type MAC_AUTH) can be associated with MAC authentication service type.
l
Authentication Source. In Policy Manager, an authentication source is the identity store (Active Directory, LDAP
directory, SQL DB, token server) against which users and devices are authenticated. Policy Manager first tests
whether the connecting entity - device or user - is present in the ordered list of configured Authentication Sources.
Policy Manager looks for the device or user by executing the first Filter associated with the authentication source.
Once the device or user is found, Policy Manager then authenticates this entity against this authentication source.
The flow is outlined below:
n
On successful authentication, Policy Manager moves on to the next stage of policy evaluation, which is to
collect role mapping attributes from the authorization sources.
n
Where no authentication source is specified (for example, for unmanageable devices), Policy Manager passes the
request to the next configured policy component for this Service.
n
If Policy Manager does not find the connecting entity in any of the configured authentication sources, it rejects
the request.
n
Once Policy Manager successfully authenticates the user or device against an authentication source, it retrieves
role mapping attributes from each of the authorization sources configured for that authentication source. It also,
optionally, can retrieve attributes from authorization sources configured for the Service.
The flow of control for authentication takes these components in sequence:
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Figure 61 Authentication and Authorization Flow of Control
Configuring Authentication Components
The following summarizes the methods for configuring authentication:
110
l
For an existing Service, you can add or modify authentication method or source, by opening the Service
(Configuration > Services, then select), then opening the Authentication tab.
l
For a new Service, the Policy Manager wizard automatically opens the Authentication tab for configuration.
l
Outside of the context of a particular Service, you can open an authentication method or source by itself:
Configuration > Authentication > Methods or Configuration > Authentication > Sources.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Figure 62 Authentication Components
From the Authentication tab of a service, you can configure three features of authentication:
Table 53: Authentication Features at the Service Level
Configurable
Component
Configuration Steps
Sequence of
Authentication
Methods
1. Select a Method, then select Move Up, Move Down, or Remove.
2. Select View Details to view the details of the selected method.
3. Select Modify to modify the selected authentication method. (This launches a popup with
the edit widgets for the select authentication method.)
n To add a previously configured Authentication Method , select from the Select drop
down list, then click Add.
n To configure a new Method , click the Add New Authentication Method link. Refer to
"Adding and Modifying Authentication Methods" on page 111for information about
Authentication Methods.
Note that an Authentication Method is only configurable for some service types. Refer to
"Policy Manager Service Types" on page 80 for more information.
Sequence of
Authentication
Sources
1. Select a Source, then Move Up, Move Down, or Remove.
2. Select View Details to view the details of the selected authentication source.
3. Select Modify to modify the selected authentication source. (This launches the
authentication source configuration wizard for the selected authentication source.
n To add a previously configured Authentication Source , select from the Select drop
down list, then click Add.
n To configure a new Authentication Source , click the Add New Authentication Source
link. Refer to "Adding and Modifying Authentication Sources " on page 128 for
additional information about Authentication Sources.
Whether to
standardize the form
in which usernames
are present
Select the Enable to specify a comma-separated list of rules to strip usernames check box to
pre-process the user name (and to remove prefixes and suffixes) before authenticating it to
the authentication source.
Adding and Modifying Authentication Methods
Policy Manager supports specific EAP and non-EAP, tunneled and non-tunneled, methods.
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Table 54: Policy Manager Supported Authentication Methods
EAP
Tunneled
l
l
l
l
NonTunneled
l
l
l
Non-EAP
EAP Protected
EAP (EAP-PEAP)
EAP Flexible
Authentication
Secure Tunnel
(EAP-FAST)
EAP Transport
Layer Security
(EAP-TLS)
EAP Tunneled
TLS (EAP-TTLS)
EAP Message
Digest 5 (EAPMD5)
EAP Microsoft
Challenge
Handshake
Authentication
Protocol version 2
(EAPMSCHAPv2)
EAP Generic
Token Card (EAPGTC)
l
l
l
l
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)
Password Authentication Protocol (PAP)
Microsoft CHAP version 1 and version 2
MAC Authentication Method (MAC-AUTH)
MAC-AUTH must be used exclusively in a MAC-based
Authentication Service. When the MAC_AUTH method is
selected, Policy Manager makes internal checks to verify that
the request is indeed a MAC_Authentication request (and not
a spoofed request).
In tunneled EAP methods, authentication and posture credential exchanges occur inside of a protected outer tunnel.
The Authorize authentication method does not fit into any of these categories.
From the Services page (Configuration > Service), you can configure authentication for a new service (as part of the
flow of the Add Service wizard), or modify an existing authentication method directly (Configuration >
Authentication > Methods, then click on its name in the Authentication Methods listing).
When you click Add New Authentication Method from any of these locations, Policy Manager displays the Add
Authentication Method popup.
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Figure 63 Add Authentication Method dialog box
Depending on the Type selected, different tabs and fields appear. Refer to the following:
l
"PAP " on page 113
l
"MSCHAP " on page 114
l
"EAP-MSCHAP v2 " on page 115
l
"EAP-GTC " on page 115
l
"EAP-TLS " on page 116
l
"EAP-TTLS " on page 118
l
"EAP-PEAP " on page 119
l
"EAP-FAST " on page 121
l
"MAC-AUTH " on page 126
l
"CHAP and EAP-MD5 " on page 126
l
Authorize
PAP
The PAP method contains one tab.
General Tab
The General tab labels the method and defines session details.
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Figure 64 PAP General Tab
Table 55: PAP General Tab
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always PAP.
Encryption
Scheme
Select the PAP authentication encryption scheme. Supported schemes are: Clear,
Crypt, MD5 SHA1 or Aruba-SSO.
MSCHAP
The MSCHAP method contains one tab.
General Tab
The General tab labels the method and defines session details.
Figure 65 MSCHAP General Tab
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Table 56: MSCHAP General Tab
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always MSCHAP.
EAP-MSCHAP v2
The EAP-MSCHAPv2 method contains one tab.
General Tab
The General tab labels the method and defines session details.
Figure 66 EAP-MSCHAPv2 General Tab
Table 57: EAP-MSCHAPv2 General Tab
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always EAP-MSCHAPv2.
EAP-GTC
The EAP-GTC method contains one tab.
General Tab
The General tab labels the method and defines session details.
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Figure 67 EAP-GTC General Tab
Table 58: EAP-GTCGeneral Tab
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always EAP-GTC.
Challenge
Specify an optional password.
EAP-TLS
The EAP-TLS method contains one tab.
General Tab
The General tab labels the method and defines session details.
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Figure 68 EAP_TLS General Tab
Table 59: EAP_TLS General Tab
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always EAP_TLS.
Session
Resumption
Caches EAP-TLS sessions on Policy Manager for reuse if the user/client reconnects
to Policy Manager within the session timeout interval.
Session Timeout
How long (in hours) to retain cached EAP-TLS sessions.
Authorization
Required
Specify whether to perform an authorization check.
Certificate
Comparison
Type of certificate comparison (identity matching) upon presenting Policy Manager
with a client certificate:
l To skip the certificate comparison, choose Do not compare.
l To compare specific attributes, choose Compare Common Name (CN), Compare
Subject Alternate Name (SAN), or Compare CN or SAN.
l To perform a binary comparison of the stored (in the client record in Active
Directory or another LDAP-compliant directory) and presented certificates,
choose Compare Binary.
Verify Certificate
using OCSP
Select Optional or Required if the certificate should be verified by the Online
Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP). Select None to not verify the certificate.
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Parameter
Description
Override OCSP
URL from the
Client
Select this option if you want to use a different URL for OCSP. After this is enabled,
you can enter a new URL in the OCSP URL field.
OCSP URL
If Override OCSP URL from the Client is enabled, then enter the replacement
URL here.
EAP-TTLS
The EAP-TTLS method contains two tabs.
General Tab
The General tab labels the method and defines session details.
Figure 69 EAP-TTLS General Tab
Table 60: EAP-TTLS General Tab
118
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always EAP-TTLS.
Session
Resumption
Caches EAP-TTLS sessions on Policy Manager for reuse if the user/client
reconnects to Policy Manager within the session timeout interval.
Session Timeout
How long (in hours) to retain cached EAP-TTLS sessions.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Inner Methods Tab
The Inner Methods tab controls the inner methods for the EAP-TTLS method:
Figure 70 EAP_TTLS Inner Methods Tab
Select any method available in the current context from the drop-down list. Functions available in this tab include:
l
To append an inner method to the displayed list, select it from the drop-down list, then click Add. The list can
contain multiple inner methods, which Policy Manager will send, in priority order, until negotiation succeeds.
l
To remove an inner method from the displayed list, select the method and click Remove.
l
To set an inner method as the default (the method tried first), select it and click Default.
EAP-PEAP
The EAP-PEAP method contains two tabs:
General Tab
The General tab labels the method and defines session details.
Figure 71 EAP-PEAP General Tab
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Table 61: EAP-PEAP General Tab
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always EAP-PEAP.
Session
Resumption
Caches EAP-PEAP sessions on Policy Manager for reuse if the user/client
reconnects to Policy Manager within the session timeout interval.
Session Timeout
Caches EAP-PEAP sessions on Policy Manager for reuse if the user/client
reconnects to Policy Manager within the session timeout interval. If session timeout
value is set to 0, the cached sessions are not purged.
Fast Reconnect
Enable this check box to allow fast reconnect; when fast reconnect is enabled, the
inner method that happens inside the server authenticated outer tunnel is also
bypassed. This makes the process of re-authentication faster. For fast reconnect to
work, session resumption must be enabled.
EAPoUDP
Support
Enable EAPoUDP support. When EAPoUDP support is enabled Policy Manager
does not expect user authentication to happen within the protected tunnel.
Microsoft NAP
Support
Enable while Policy Manager establishes the protected PEAP tunnel with a Microsoft
NAP-enabled client. When enabled, Policy Manager prompts the client for Microsoft
Statement of Health (SoH) credentials.
Enforce
Cryptobinding
Enabling the cryptobinding setting ensures an extra level of protection for PEAPv0
exchanges. It ensures that the PEAP client and PEAP server (Policy Manager)
participated in both the outer and inner handshakes. This is currently valid only for
the client PEAP implementations in Windows 7, Windows Vista and Windows XP
SP3.
Inner Methods Tab
The Inner Methods Tab controls the inner methods for the EAP-PEAP method:
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Figure 72 EAP-PEAP Inner Methods Tab
Select any method available in the current context from the drop-down list. Functions available in this tab include:
l
To append an inner method to the displayed list, select it from the drop-down list, then click Add. The list can
contain multiple inner methods, which Policy Manager will send, in priority order, until negotiation succeeds.
l
To remove an inner method from the displayed list, select the method and click Remove.
l
To set an inner method as the default (the method tried first), select it and click Default.
EAP-FAST
The EAP-FAST method contains four tabs:
General Tab
The General tab labels the method and defines session details.
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Figure 73 EAP-FAST General Tab
Table 62: EAP_FAST General Tab
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always EAP_FAST.
Session
Resumption
Caches EAP-FAST sessions on Policy Manager for reuse if the user/end-host
reconnects to Policy Manager within the session timeout interval.
Session Timeout
Caches EAP-FAST sessions on Policy Manager for reuse if the user/end-host
reconnects to Policy Manager within the session timeout interval. If session timeout
value is set to 0, the cached sessions are not purged.
Fast Reconnect
Enable to allow fast reconnect. When enabled, the inner method of the serverauthenticated outer tunnel is also bypassed. This makes the process of reauthentication faster. For fast reconnect to work, session resumption must be
enabled.
End-Host
Authentication
Certificate
Comparison
122
Refers to establishing the EAP-Fast Phase 1 Outer tunnel:
Choose Using PACs to use a strong shared secret.
l Choose Using Client Certificate to use a certificate.
l
Type of certificate comparison (identity matching) upon presenting Policy Manager
with a client certificate:
l To skip the certificate comparison, choose Do not compare.
l To compare specific attributes, choose Compare Common Name (CN), Compare
Subject Alternate Name (SAN), or Compare CN or SAN.
l To perform a binary comparison of the stored (in the end-host record in Active
Directory or another LDAP-compliant directory) and presented certificates,
choose Compare Binary.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Inner Methods Tab
The Inner Methods tab controls the inner methods for the EAP-FAST method:
Figure 74 Inner Methods Tab
l
To append an inner method to the displayed list, select it from the drop-down list, then click Add. The list can
contain multiple inner methods, which Policy Manager will send, in priority order, until negotiation succeeds.
l
To remove an inner method from the displayed list, select the method and click Remove.
l
To set an inner method as the default (the method tried first), select it and click Default.
PACs Tab
The PACs tab enables/disables PAC types:
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Figure 75 EAP_FAST PACs Tab
l
To provision a Tunnel PAC on the end-host after initial successful machine authentication, specify the Tunnel
PAC Expire Time (the time until the PAC expires and must be replaced by automatic or manual provisioning) in
hours, days, weeks, months, or years. During authentication, Policy Manager can use the Tunnel PAC shared secret
to create the outer EAP-FAST tunnel.
l
To provision a Machine PAC on the end-host after initial successful machine authentication, select the Machine
PAC check box. During authentication, Policy Manager can use the Machine PAC shared secret to create the outer
EAP-FAST tunnel. Specify the Machine PAC Expire Time (the time until the PAC expires and must be replaced,
by automatic or manual provisioning) in hours, days, weeks, months, or years. This can be a long-lived PAC
(specified in months and years).
l
To provision an authorization PAC upon successful user authentication, select the Authorization PAC check box.
Authorization PAC results from a prior user authentication and authorization. When presented with a valid
Authorization PAC, Policy Manager skips the inner user authentication handshake within EAP-FAST. Specify the
Authorization PAC Expire Time (the time until the PAC expires and must be replaced, by automatic or manual
provisioning) in hours, days, weeks, months, or years. This is typically a short-lived PAC (specified in hours, rather
than months and years).
l
To provision a posture PAC upon successful posture validation, select the Posture PAC check box. Posture PACs
result from prior posture evaluation. When presented with a valid Posture PAC, Policy Manager skips the posture
validation handshake within the EAP-FAST protected tunnel; the prior result is used to ascertain end-host health.
Specify the Authorization PAC Expire Time (the time until the PAC expires and must be replaced, by automatic
or manual provisioning) in hours, days, weeks, months, or years. This is typically a short-lived PAC (specified in
hours, rather than months and years).
PAC Provisioning Tab
The PAC Provisioning tab controls anonymous and authenticated modes:
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Figure 76 EAP_FAST PAC Provisioning tab
Table 63: EAP_FAST PAC Provisioning Tab
Parameter
Description
Considerations
Allow
Anonymous
Mode
When in anonymous mode, phase 0 of EAP_
FAST provisioning establishes an outer tunnel
without end-host/Policy Manager authentication
(not as secure as the authenticated mode).
Once the tunnel is established, end-host and
Policy Manager perform mutual authentication
using MSCHAPv2, then Policy Manager
provisions the end-host with an appropriate
PAC (tunnel or machine).
Allow
Authenticated
Mode
Enable to allow authenticated mode
provisioning. When in Allow Authenticated
Mode phase 0, Policy Manager establishes the
outer tunnel inside of a server-authenticated
tunnel. The end-host authenticates the server
by validating the Policy Manager certificate.
Authenticated mode is more secure
than anonymous provisioning mode.
Once the server is authenticated, the
phase 0 tunnel is established, the
end-host and Policy Manager
perform mutual authentication, and
Policy Manager provisions the endhost with an appropriate PAC (tunnel
or machine):
l If both anonymous and
authenticated provisioning
modes are enabled, and the endhost sends a cipher suite that
supports server authentication,
Policy Manager picks the
authenticated provisioning mode.
Accept endhost after
authenticated
provisioning
l
Otherwise, if the appropriate
cipher suite is supported by the
end-host, Policy Manager
performs anonymous
provisioning.
Once the authenticated provisioning mode is
complete and the end-host is provisioned with
a PAC, Policy Manager rejects end-host
authentication; the end-host subsequently
reauthenticates using the newly provisioned
PAC. When enabled, Policy Manager accepts
the end-host authentication in the provisioning
mode itself; the end-host does not have to reauthenticate.
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Parameter
Description
Required
end-host
certificate for
provisioning
In authenticated provisioning mode, the endhost authenticates the server by validating the
server certificate, resulting in a protected outer
tunnel; the end-host is authenticated by the
server inside this tunnel. When enabled, the
server can require the end-host to send a
certificate inside the tunnel for the purpose of
authenticating the end-host.
Considerations
MAC-AUTH
The MAC-AUTH method contains one tab.
General Tab
The General tab labels the method and defines session details.
Figure 77 MAC-AUTH General Tab
Table 64: MAC-Auth General Tab
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always MAC-AUTH.
Allow Unknown
End-Hosts
Enables further policy processing of MAC authentication requests of unknown
clients.
If this is not enabled, Policy Manager automatically rejects a request whose MAC
address is not in a configured authentication source. This setting is enabled, for
example, when you want Policy Manager to trigger an audit for an unknown client.
By turning on this check box and enabling audit (See "Configuring Audit Servers" on
page 199), you can trigger an audit of an unknown client.
CHAP and EAP-MD5
In addition the methods listed above, Policy Manager also comes packaged with CHAP and EAP-MD5 methods. These
are named [CHAP] and [EAP-MD5], respectively. You can add methods of this type with a custom name. These
methods can also be associated to a Service as authentication methods.
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Figure 78 CHAP General Tab
Figure 79 EAP-MD5 General Tab
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Table 65: CHAP and EAP-MD5 General Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always CHAP or EAP-MD5.
Authorize
This is an authorization-only method that you can add with a custom name.
Figure 80 Authorize General Tab
Table 66: Authorize General Tab Parameters
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, always Authorize.
Adding and Modifying Authentication Sources
Policy Manager supports the following Authentication Sources:
128
l
"Generic LDAP or Active Directory " on page 129
l
"Generic SQL DB (Open Data Base Connectivity (ODBC) compliant SQL Databases) " on page 139
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l
"HTTP" on page 143
l
"Kerberos " on page 146
l
"Okta" on page 148
l
"Static Host List " on page 150
l
"Token Server " on page 151
From the Services page (Configuration > Service), you can configure authentication source for a new service (as part
of the flow of the Add Service wizard), or modify an existing authentication source directly (Configuration >
Authentication > Sources, then click on its name in the listing page).
Figure 81 Authentication Sources Listing Page
When you click Add New Authentication Source from any of these locations, Policy Manager displays the Add page.
Figure 82 Add Authentication Source Page
Depending on the Authentication Source selected, different tabs and fields appear.
Generic LDAP or Active Directory
Policy Manager can perform NTLM/MSCHAPv2, PAP/GTC and certificate-based authentications against Microsoft
Active Directory and against any LDAP-compliant directory (for example, Novell eDirectory, OpenLDAP, or Sun
Directory Server). Both LDAP and Active Directory based server configurations are similar. You retrieve role mapping
attributes by using filters. See "Adding and Modifying Role Mapping Policies " on page 157
At the top level, there are buttons to:
n
Clear Cache: Clears the attributes cached by Policy Manager for all entities that authorize against this server.
n
Copy: Creates a copy of this authentication/authorization source.
You configure Generic LDAP and Active Directory authentication sources on the following tabs:
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l
General Tab
l
Primary Tab
l
Attributes Tab
General Tab
The General tab labels the authentication source and defines session details.
Figure 83 Generic LDAP or Active Directory (General Tab)
Table 67: Generic LDAP or Active Directory (General Tab)
130
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, General LDAP or Active Directory.
Use for
Authorization
This check box instructs Policy Manager to fetch role mapping attributes (or
authorization attributes) from this authentication source. If a user or device
successfully authenticates against this authentication source, then Policy Manager
also fetches role mapping attributes from the same source (if this setting is enabled).
This box is checked (enabled) by default
Authorization
Sources
You can specify additional sources from which to fetch role mapping attributes.
Select a previously configured authentication source from the drop down list, and
click Add to add it to the list of authorization sources. Click Remove to remove it from
the list.
If Policy Manager authenticates the user or device from this authentication source,
then it also fetches role mapping attributes from these additional authorization
sources.
NOTE: As described in “,” additional authorization sources can be specified at the
Service level. Policy Manager fetches role mapping attributes regardless of which
authentication source the user or device was authenticated against.
Server Timeout
The number of seconds that Policy Manager waits before considering this server
unreachable. If multiple backup servers are available, then this value indicates the
number of seconds that Policy Manager waits before attempting to fail over from the
primary to the backup servers in the order in which they are configured.
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Parameter
Description
Cache Timeout
Policy Manager caches attributes fetched for an authenticating entity. This parameter
controls the number of seconds for which the attributes are cached.
Backup Servers
Priority
To add a backup server, click Add Backup. When the Backup 1 tab appears, you can
specify connection details for a backup server (same fields as for primary server,
specified below).
To remove a backup server, select the server name and click Remove. Select Move
Up or Move Down to change the server priority of the backup servers. This is the
order in which Policy Manager attempts to connect to the backup servers if the
primary server is unreachable.
Primary Tab
The Primary tab defines the settings for the primary server.
Figure 84 Generic LDAP or Active Directory (Primary Tab)
Table 68: Generic LDAP or active Directory (Primary Tab)
Parameter
Description
Host Name/Port
l
l
Connection Security
l
l
l
Bind DN/Password
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Hostname or IP address of the LDAP or Active Directory server.
TCP port at which the LDAP or Active Directory Server is listening for
connections. (The default TCP port for LDAP connections is 389. The default
port for LDAP over SSL is 636).
Select None for default non-secure connection (usually port 389)
Select StartTLS for secure connection that is negotiated over the standard
LDAP port. This is the preferred way to connect to an LDAP directory securely.
Select LDAP over SSL or AD over SSL to choose the legacy way of securely
connecting to an LDAP directory. Port 636 must be used for this type of
connection.
Distinguished Name (DN) of the administrator account. Policy Manager uses this
account to access all other records in the directory.
NOTE: For Active Directory, the bind DN can also be in the
administrator@domain format (e.g., administrator@acme.com).
Password for the administrator DN entered in the Bind DN field.
131
Parameter
Description
NetBIOS Domain
Name
The AD domain name for this server. Policy Manager prepends this name to the
user ID to authenticate users found in this Active Directory.
NOTE: This setting is only available for Active Directory.
Verify Server
Certificate
Select this checkbox if you want to verify the Server Certificate as part of the
authentication.
Base DN
Enter DN of the node in your directory tree from which to start searching for
records.
After you have entered values for the fields described above, click on Search
Base DN to browse the directory hierarchy. The LDAP Browser is popped up. You
can navigate to the DN that you want to use as the Base DN.
Click on any node in the tree structure that is displayed to select it as a Base DN.
Note that the Base DN is displayed at the top of the LDAP Browser.
NOTE: This is also one way to test the connectivity to your LDAP or AD directory.
If the values entered for the primary server attributes are correct, you should be
able to browse the directory hierarchy by clicking on Search Base DN
132
Search Scope
Scope of the search you want to perform, starting at the Base DN.
l Base Object Search allows you to search at the level specified by the base
DN.
l Subtree Search allows you to search the entire subtree under the base DN
(including at the base DN level).
l One Level Search allows you to search up to one level below (immediate
children of) the base DN.
LDAP Referral
Enable this check box to automatically follow referrals returned by your directory
server in search results. Refer to your directory documentation for more
information on referrals.
Bind User
Enable to authenticate users by performing a bind operation on the directory
using the credentials (user name and password) obtained during authentication.
For clients to be authenticated by using the LDAP bind method, Policy Manager
must receive the password in cleartext.
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Parameter
Description
Password Attribute
(Available only for
Generic LDAP
directory)
Enter the name of the attribute in the user record from which user password can
be retrieved. This is not available for Active Directory.
Password Header
Oracle's LDAP implementation prepends a header to a hashed password string.
When using Oracle LDAP, enter the header in this field so the hashed password
can be correctly identified and read.
User Certificate
Enter the name of the attribute in the user record from which user certificate can
be retrieved.
Attributes Tab
The Attributes tab defines the Active Directory or LDAP Directory query filters and the attributes to be fetched by
using those filters.
Figure 85 Active Directory Attributes Tab (with default data)
Figure 86 Generic LDAP Directory Attributes Tab
Table 69: AD/LDAP Attributes Tab (Filter Listing Screen)
Tab
Parameter/Description
Filter Name / Attribute
Name / Alias Name /
Enable as Role
Listing column descriptions:
l Filter Name: Name of the filter.
l Attribute Name: Name of the LDAP/AD attributes defined for this filter.
l Alias Name: For each attribute name selected for the filter, you can specify an
alias name.
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Tab
Parameter/Description
l
Add More Filters
Enabled As: Specify whether value is to be used directly as a role or attribute
in an Enforcement Policy. This bypasses the step of having to assign a role in
Policy Manager through a Role Mapping Policy.
Brings up the filter creation popup. This is described in the next image.
The following table describes the available directories.
Table 70: AD/LDAP Default Filters Explained
Directory
Active
Directory
Default Filters
l
Authentication: This is the filter used for authentication. The query searches in
objectClass of type user. This query finds both user and machine accounts in Active
Directory:
(&(objectClass=user)(sAMAccountName=%{Authentication:Username}))
When a request arrives, Policy Manager populates %{Authentication:Username} with the
authenticating user or machine. This filter is also set up to fetch the following attributes
based on this filter query:
n dn (aliased to UserDN): This is an internal attribute that is populated with the user or
machine record’s Distinguished Name (DN)
n department
n title
n company
n memberOf: In Active Directory, this attribute is populated with the groups that the user
or machine belongs to. This is a multi-valued attribute.
n telephoneNumber
n mail
n displayName
l
Group: This is filter used for retrieving the name of the groups a user or machine belongs
to.
(distinguishedName=%{memberOf})
This query fetches all group records, where the distinguished name is the value returned
by the memberOf variable. The values for the memberOf attribute are fetched by the first
filter (Authentication) described above. The attribute fetched with this filter query is cn,
which is the name of the group
l
Machine: This query fetches the machine record in Active Directory.
(&(objectClass=computer)(sAMAccountName=%{Host:Name}$))
l
l
Generic
LDAP
Directory
134
%{Host:Name} is populated by Policy Manager with name of the connecting host (if
available). dNSHostName, operatingSystem and operatingSystemServicePack attributes
are fetched with this filter query.
Onboard Device Owner: This is the filter for retrieving the name of the owner the onboard
device belongs to. This query finds the user in the ACtive Directory.
(&(sAMAccountName=%{Onboard:Owner})(objectClass=user))
%{Onboard:Owner} is populated by Policy Manager with the name of the onboarded
user.
Onboard Device Owner Group: This filter is used for retrieving the name of the group the
onboarded device owner belongs to.
(distinguishedName=%{Onboard memberOf})
This query fetches all group records where the distinguished name is the value returned
by the Onboard memberOf variable. The attribute fetched with this filter query is cn, which
is the name of the Onboard group
Authentication: This is the filter used for authentication.
(&(objectClass=*)(uid=%{Authentication:Username}))
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Directory
Default Filters
When a request arrives, Policy Manager populates %{Authentication:Username} with the
authenticating user or machine. This filter is also set up to fetch the following attributes
based on this filter query:
dn (aliased to UserDN): This is an internal attribute that is populated with the user
record’s Distinguished Name (DN)
Group: This is filter used for retrieving the name of the groups a user belongs to.
(&(objectClass=groupOfNames)(member=%{UserDn}))
n
n
This query fetches all group records (of objectClass groupOfNames), where member
field contains the DN of the user record (UserDN, which is populated after the
Authentication filter query is executed. The attribute fetched with this filter query is cn,
which is the name of the group (this is aliased to a more readable name: groupName)
The Filter Creation popup displays when you click the Add More Filters button on the Authentication Sources >
Add page. With this popup, you can define a filter query and the related attributes to be fetched.
AD/LDAP Configure Filter Browse tab
The Browse tab shows an LDAP Browser from which you can browse the nodes in the LDAP or AD directory, starting
at the base DN. This is presented in read-only mode. Selecting a leaf node (a node that has no children) brings up the
attributes associated with that node
Figure 87 AD/LDAP Configure Filter (Browse Tab)
Table 71: AD/LDAP Configure Filter Popup (Browse Tab)
Navigation
Description
Find Node /
Go
Go directly to a given node by entering its Distinguished Name (DN) and clicking on the
Go button.
AD/LDAP Configure Filter, Filter Tab
The Filter tab provides an LDAP browser interface to define the filter search query. Through this interface you can
define the attributes used in the filter query.
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Figure 88 AD/LDAP Create Filter Popup (Filter Tab)
Policy Manager comes pre-populated with filters and selected attributes for Active Directory and generic LDAP directory.
New filters need to be created only if you need Policy Manager to fetch role mapping attributes from a new type of record
Records of different types can be fetched by specifying multiple filters that use different dynamic session attributes. For
example, for a given request Policy Manager can fetch the user record associated with %{Authentication:Username},
and a machine record associated with %{RADIUS:IETF:Calling-Station-ID}.
Table 72: Configure Filter Popup (Filter Tab)
136
Parameter
Description
Find Node /
Go
Go directly to a given node by entering its Distinguished Name (DN) and clicking on the Go
button.
Select the
attributes
for filter
l
This table has a name and value column. There are two ways to enter the attribute name
By going to a node of interest, inspecting the attributes, and then manually entering the
attribute name by clicking on Click to add... in the table row.
l By clicking on an attribute on the right hand side of the LDAP browser. The attribute
name and value are automatically populated in the table.
The attribute value field can be a value that has been automatically populated by selecting
an attribute from the browser, or it can be manually populated. To aid in populating the
value with dynamic session attribute values, a drop down with the commonly used
namespace and attribute names is presented (See image below).
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Parameter
Description
The following tables describes the steps used in creating a filter.
Table 73: Filter Creation Steps
Step
Description
Step 1
Select
filter
node
The goal of filter creation is to help Policy Manager understand how to find a user or device
connecting to the network in LDAP or Active Directory. From the Filter tab, click on a node
that you want to extract user or device information from. For example, browse to the Users
container in Active Directory and select the node for a user (Alice, for example). On the right
hand side, you see attributes associated with that user.
Step 2
Select
attribute
Click on attributes that will help Policy Manager to uniquely identify the user or device. For
example, in Active Directory, an attribute called sAMAccountName stores the user ID. The
attributes that you select are automatically populated in the filter table displayed below the
browser section (along with their values). In this example, if you select sAMAccountName,
the row in the filter table will show this attribute with a value of alice (assuming you picked
Alice’s record as a sample user node).
Step 3
Enter
value
(optional)
After Step 3, you have values for a specific record (Alice’s record, in this case). Change the
value to a dynamic session attribute that will help Policy Manager to associate a session with
a specific record in LDAP/AD. For example, if you selected the sAMAccountName attribute in
AD, click on the value field and select %{Authentication:Username}. When Policy Manager
processes an authentication request %{Authentication:Username} is populated with the user
ID of the user connecting to the network.
Step 4
Add more attributes from the node of interest and continue with Step 2.
AD/LDAP Configure Filter Attributes Tab
The Attributes tab defines the attributes to be fetched from Active Directory or LDAP directory. Each attribute can
also be “Enabled as Role,” which means the value fetched for this attribute can be used directly in Enforcement
Policies (See "Configuring Enforcement Policies " on page 221.)
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Figure 89 AD/LDAP Configure Filter Attributes Tab
Table 74: AD/LDAP Configure Filter Popup (Attributes Tab)
Parameter
Description
Enter
values for
parameters
Policy Manager parses the filter query (created in the Filter tab and shown at the top of the
Attributes tab) and prompts to enter the values for all dynamic session parameters in the
query. For example, if you have %{Authentication:Username} in the filter query, you are
prompted to enter the value for it. You can enter wildcard character (*) here to match all
entries.
NOTE: If there are thousands of entries in the directory, entering the wildcard character (*)
can take a while to fetch all matching entries.
Execute
Once you have entered the values for all dynamic parameters, click on Execute to execute
the filter query. You see all entries that match the filter query. Click on one of the entries
(nodes) and you see the list of attributes for that node. You can now click on the attribute
names that you want to use as role mapping attributes.
Name /
Alias Name
/ Enable as
Role
Name: This is the name of the attribute
Alias Name: A friendly name for the attribute. By default, this is the same as the attribute
name.
Enabled As: Click here to enable this attribute value to be used directly as a role in an
Enforcement Policy. This bypasses the step of having to assign a role in Policy Manager
through a Role Mapping Policy.
AD/LDAP Configure Filter Configuration Tab
The Configuration tab shows the filter and attributes configured in the Filter and Attributes tabs, respectively. From
this tab, you can also manually edit the filter query and attributes to be fetched.
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Figure 90 Configure Filter Popup (Configuration Tab)
Modify Default Filters
When you add a new authentication source of type Active Directory or LDAP, a few default filters and attributes are
pre-populated. You can modify these pre-defined filters by selecting a filter on the Authentication > Sources
> Attributes tab. This opens the Configure Filter page for the specified filter.
At least one filter must be specified for the LDAP and Active Directory authentication source. This filter is used by Policy
Manager to search for the user or device record. If not specified, authentication requests will be rejected.
Figure 91 Modify Default Filters
The attributes that are defined for the authentication source show up as attributes in role mapping policy rules editor
under the authorization source namespace. Then, on the Role Mappings Rules Editor page, the Operator values that
display are based on the Data type specified here. If, for example, you modify the Active Directory department to be
an Integer rather than a String, then the list of Operator values will populate with values that are specific to Integers.
At least one This functionality that allows you to modify the Data type exists for Generic SQL DB, Generic LDAP, Active
Directory, and HTTP authentication source types.
When you are finished editing a filter, click Save.
Generic SQL DB (Open Data Base Connectivity (ODBC) compliant SQL Databases)
Policy Manager can perform MSCHAPv2 and PAP/GTC authentication against any ODBC-compliant database (for
example, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, MySQL, or PostgrSQL). You specify a stored procedure to query the relevant
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tables and retrieve role mapping attributes by using filters.
You configure the primary and backup servers, session details, and the filter query and role mapping attributes to fetch
of Generic SQL authentication sources on the following tabs:
l
General Tab
l
Primary Tab
l
Attributes Tab
For a configured Generic SQL DB authentication source, buttons on the main page enable you to:
l
Clear Cache: Clears the attributes cached by Policy Manager for all entities that authorize against this server.
l
Copy: Creates a copy of this authentication/authorization source.
General Tab
The General tab labels the authentication source and defines session details, authorization sources, and backup server
details.
Figure 92 Generic SQL DB (General Tab)
Table 75: General SQL DB (General Tab)
140
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, Generic SQL DB.
Use for
Authorization
This check box instructs Policy Manager to fetch role mapping attributes (or
authorization attributes) from this authentication source. If a user or device
successfully authenticates against this authentication source, then Policy Manager
also fetches role mapping attributes from the same source (if this setting is enabled).
This check box is enabled by default
Authorization
Sources
You can specify additional sources from which to fetch role mapping attributes.
Select a previously configured authentication source from the drop down list, and
click Add to add it to the list of authorization sources. Click Remove to remove it from
the list.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Parameter
Description
If Policy Manager authenticates the user or device from this authentication source,
then it also fetches role mapping attributes from these additional authorization
sources.
NOTE: As described in “Services,” additional authorization sources can be specified
at the Service level. Policy Manager fetches role mapping attributes regardless of
which authentication source the user or device was authenticated against.
Backup Servers
To add a backup server, click Add Backup. When the Backup 1 tab appears, you can
specify connection details for a backup server (same fields as for primary server,
specified below).
To remove a backup server, select the server name and click Remove. Select Move
Up or Move Down to change the server priority of the backup servers. This is the
order in which Policy Manager attempts to connect to the backup servers.
Cache Timeout
Policy Manager caches attributes fetched for an authenticating entity. This parameter
controls the time period for which the attributes are cached.
Primary Tab
The Primary tab defines the settings for the primary server.
Figure 93 General SQL DB (Primary Tab)
Table 76: Generic SQL DB (Primary Tab)
Parameter
Description
Server Name
Enter the hostname or IP address of the database server.
Port (Optional)
Specify a port value if you want to override the default port.
Database Name
Enter the name of the database to retrieve records from.
Login
Username/Password
Enter the name of the user used to log into the database. This account should
have read access to all the attributes that need to be retrieved by the specified
filters.
Enter the password for the user account entered in the field above.
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Parameter
Description
Timeout
Enter the time in seconds that Policy Manager waits before attempting to fail over
from primary to the backup servers (in the order in which they are configured).
ODBC Driver
Select the ODBC driver (Postgres or MSSQL in this release) to connect to
database.
Attributes Tab
The Attributes tab defines the SQL DB query filters and the attributes to be fetched by using those filters.
Figure 94 Generic SQL DB (Attributes Tab)
Table 77: Generic SQL DB Attributes Tab (Filter List)
Tab
Parameter/Description
Filter Name / Attribute Name /
Alias Name / Enabled As
Listing column descriptions:
l Filter Name: Name of the filter.
l Attribute Name: Name of the SQL DB attributes defined for this
filter.
l Alias Name: For each attribute name selected for the filter, you
can specify an alias name.
l Enabled As: Indicates whether the filter is enabled as a role or
attribute type. Note that this can also be blank.
Add More Filters
Brings up the filter creation popup.
Configure Filter Popup
The Configure Filter popup defines a filter query and the related attributes to be fetched from the SQL DB store.
Figure 95 Generic SQL DB Filter Configure Popup
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Table 78: Generic SQL DB Configure Filter Popup
Parameter
Description
Filter Name
Name of the filter
Filter Query
A SQL query to fetch the attributes from the user or device record in DB
Name / Alias
Name / Data
Type/ Enabled
As
Name: This is the name of the attribute
Alias Name: A friendly name for the attribute. By default, this is the same as the
attribute name.
Data Type: Specify the data type for this attribute, such as String, Integer, Boolean,
etc.
Enabled As: Specify whether this value is to be used directly as a role or attribute in
an Enforcement Policy. This bypasses the step of having to assign a role in Policy
Manager through a Role Mapping Policy.
HTTP
The HTTP authentication source relies on the GET method to retrieve information. The client submits a request, and
then the server returns a response. All request parameters are included in the URL. For example:
URL: https//hostname/webservice/…/%{Auth:Username}?param1=%{…}&param2=value2
HTTP relies on the assumption that the connection between the client and server computers is secure and can be
trusted.
You configure primary and backup servers, session details, and the filter query and role mapping attributes to fetch of
Generic SQL authentication sources on the following tab:
l
General Tab
l
Primary Tab
l
Attributes Tab
General Tab
The General tab labels the authentication source and defines session details, authorization sources, and backup server
details.
Figure 96 HTTP (General Tab)
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Table 79: HTTP (General Tab)
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, HTTP.
Use for
Authorization
This check box instructs Policy Manager to fetch role mapping attributes (or
authorization attributes) from this authentication source. If a user or device
successfully authenticates against this authentication source, then Policy Manager
also fetches role mapping attributes from the same source (if this setting is enabled).
This check box is enabled by default.
Authorization
Sources
You can specify additional sources from which to fetch role mapping attributes.
Select a previously configured authentication source from the drop down list, and
click Add to add it to the list of authorization sources. Click Remove to remove it from
the list.
If Policy Manager authenticates the user or device from this authentication source,
then it also fetches role mapping attributes from these additional authorization
sources.
NOTE: As described in “Services,” additional authorization sources can be specified
at the Service level. Policy Manager fetches role mapping attributes regardless of
which authentication source the user or device was authenticated against.
Backup Servers
To add a backup server, click Add Backup. When the Backup 1 tab appears, you can
specify connection details for a backup server (same fields as for primary server,
specified below).
To remove a backup server, select the server name and click Remove. Select Move
Up or Move Down to change the server priority of the backup servers. This is the
order in which Policy Manager attempts to connect to the backup servers.
Primary Tab
The Primary tab defines the settings for the primary server.
Figure 97 HTTP (Primary Tab)
Table 80: HTTP (Primary Tab)
144
Parameter
Description
Server Name
Enter the hostname or IP address of the database server.
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Parameter
Description
Login
Username/Password
Enter the name of the user used to log into the database. This account should
have read access to all the attributes that need to be retrieved by the specified
filters.
Enter the password for the user account entered in the field above.
Attributes Tab
The Attributes tab defines the HTTP query filters and the attributes to be fetched by using those filters.
Figure 98 HTTP (Attributes Tab)
Table 81: HTTP Attributes Tab (Filter List)
Tab
Parameter/Description
Filter Name / Attribute Name / Alias
Name / Enabled As
l
Listing column descriptions:
Filter Name: Name of the filter.
l Attribute Name: Name of the SQL DB attributes defined for
this filter.
l Alias Name: For each attribute name selected for the filter,
you can specify an alias name.
l Enabled As: Indicates whether an attribute has been
enabled as a role.
Add More Filters
Brings up the filter creation popup.
Configure Filter Popup
The Configure Filter popup defines a filter query and the related attributes to be fetched from the SQL DB store.
Figure 99 HTTP Filter Configure Popup
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Table 82: HTTP Configure Filter Popup
Parameter
Description
Filter Name
Name of the filter
Filter Query
A SQL query to fetch the attributes from the user or device record in DB
Name / Alias
Name / Data
Type / Enabled
As
Name: This is the name of the attribute
Alias Name: A friendly name for the attribute. By default, this is the same as the
attribute name.
Data Type: Specify the data type for this attribute, such as String, Integer, Boolean,
etc.
Enabled As: Specify whether value is to be used directly as a role or attribute in an
Enforcement Policy. This bypasses the step of having to assign a role in Policy
Manager through a Role Mapping Policy.
Kerberos
Policy Manager can perform standard PAP/GTC or tunneled PAP/GTC (for example, EAP-PEAP[EAP-GTC])
authentication against any Kerberos 5 compliant server such as the Microsoft Active Directory server. It is mandatory
to pair this Source type with an authorization source (identity store) containing user records.
You configure Kerberos authentication sources on the following tabs:
l
General Tab
l
Primary Tab
General Tab
The General tab labels the authentication source and defines session details, authorization sources, and backup server
details.
Figure 100 Kerberos General Tab
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Table 83: Kerberos (General Tab)
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, Kerberos
Use for
Authorization
Disabled in this context.
Authorization
Sources
You must specify one or more authorization sources from which to fetch role
mapping attributes. Select a previously configured authentication source from the
drop down list, and click Add to add it to the list of authorization sources. Click
Remove to remove it from the list.
NOTE: As described in “Services,” additional authorization sources can be specified
at the Service level. Policy Manager fetches role mapping attributes regardless of
which authentication source the user or device was authenticated against.
Backup Servers
To add a backup kerberos server, click Add Backup. When the Backup 1 tab
appears, you can specify connection details for a backup server (same fields as for
primary server, specified below).
To remove a backup server, select the server name and click Remove. Select Move
Up or Move Down to change the server priority of the backup servers. This is the
order in which Policy Manager attempts to connect to the backup servers.
Primary Tab
The Primary tab defines the settings for the primary server.
Figure 101 Kerberos (Primary Tab)
Table 84: Kerberos (Primary Tab)
Parameter
Description
Hostname/Port
Host name or IP address of the kerberos server, and the port at which the token server
listens for kerberos connections. The default port is 88.
Realm
The domain of authentication. In the case of Active Directory, this is the AD domain.
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Parameter
Description
Service
Principal Name
The identity of the service principal as configured in the Kerberos server.
Service
Principal
Password
Password for the service principal.
Okta
Okta can be used as an authentication source only for servers of the type Aruba Application Authentication. You configure Okta authentication sources on the following tabs:
l
General Tab
l
Primary Tab
l
Attributes Tab
General Tab
Figure 102 Okta General Tab
Table 85: Okta (General Tab)
Parameter
148
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, Okta
Use for
Authorization
This check box instructs Policy Manager to fetch role mapping attributes (or
authorization attributes) from this authentication source. If a user or device
successfully authenticates against this authentication source, then Policy Manager
also fetches role mapping attributes from the same source (if this setting is enabled).
This check box is enabled by default.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Parameter
Description
Server Timeout
The number of seconds that Policy Manager waits before considering this server
unreachable. If multiple backup servers are available, then this value indicates the
number of seconds that Policy Manager waits before attempting to fail over from the
primary to the backup servers in the order in which they are configured.
Cache Timeout
Policy Manager caches attributes fetched for an authenticating entity. This parameter
controls the number of seconds for which the attributes are cached.
Backup Servers
Priority
To add a backup server, click Add Backup. When the Backup 1 tab appears, you can
specify connection details for a backup server (same fields as for primary server,
specified below).
To remove a backup server, select the server name and click Remove. Select Move
Up or Move Down to change the server priority of the backup servers. This is the
order in which Policy Manager attempts to connect to the backup servers.
Primary Tab
Figure 103 Okta Primary Tab
Table 86: Okta (Primary Tab)
Parameter
Description
URL
Enter the address of the OKTA server
Authorization Token
Enter the authorization token as provided by Okta support.
Attributes Tab
Figure 104 Okta Attribu tes Tab
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Table 87: Okta (Attributes Tab)
Tab
Parameter/Description
Filter Name / Attribute
Name / Alias Name /
Enable as Role
Listing column descriptions:
l Filter Name: Name of the filter. (Only Group can be configured for Okta.)
l Attribute Name: Name of the LDAP/AD attributes defined for this filter.
l Alias Name: For each attribute name selected for the filter, you can specify an
alias name.
l Enabled As: Specify whether value is to be used directly as a role or attribute
in an Enforcement Policy. This bypasses the step of having to assign a role in
Policy Manager through a Role Mapping Policy.
Add More Filters
Brings up the filter creation popup. This is described in the next image.
Static Host List
An internal relational database stores Policy Manager configuration data and locally configured user and device
accounts. Three pre-defined authentication sources, [Local User Repository] , [Guest User Repository], and [Guest
Device Repository], represent the three databases used to store local users, guest users and registered devices,
respectively.
While regular users typically reside in an authentication source such as Active Directory (or in other LDAP-compliant
stores), temporary users, including guest users can be configured in the Policy Manager local repositories. For a user
account created in the local database, the role is statically assigned to that account, which means a role mapping
policy need not be specified for user accounts in the local database. However, if new custom attributes are assigned to
a user (local or guest) account in the local database, these can be used in role mapping policies.
The local user database is pre-configured with a filter to retrieve the password and the expiry time for the account.
Policy Manager can perform MSCHAPv2 and PAP/GTC authentication against the local database.
You configure primary and backup servers, session details, and the list of static hosts for Static Host List
authentication sources on the following tab:
l
General Tab
l
Static Host ListsTab
General Tab
The General Tab labels the authentication source.
Figure 105 Static Host List (General Tab)
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Table 88: Static Host List (General Tab)
Parameter
Description
Name/ Description
Freeform label
Type
Static Host List, in this context.
Use for Authorization/Authorization Sources
Not configurable
Static Host ListsTab
The Static Hosts List tab defines the list of static hosts to be included as part of the authorization source.
Figure 106 Static Host List (Static Host Lists Tab)
Table 89: Static Hosts List (Static Host Lists Tab)
Parameter
Description
Host List
Select a Static Host List from the drop down and Add to add it to the list.Click on Remove to
remove the selected static host list. Click on View Details to view the contents of the
selected static host list. Click on Modify to modify the selected static host list.
Only Static Host Lists of type MAC Address List or MAC Address Regular Expression can be configured as
authentication sources. Refer to "Adding and Modifying Static Host Lists " on page 167for more information.
Token Server
Policy Manager can perform GTC authentication against any token server than can authenticate users by acting as a
RADIUS server (e.g., RSA SecurID Token Server) and can authenticate users against a token server and fetch role
mapping attributes from any other configured Authorization Source.
Pair this Source type with an authorization source (identity store) containing user records. When using a token server
as an authentication source, use the administrative interface to optionally configure a separate authorization server.
Policy Manager can also use the RADIUS attributes returned from a token server to create role mapping policies. See
"Namespaces" on page 329.
You configure primary and backup servers, session details, and the filter query and role mapping attributes to fetch for
Token Server authentication sources on the following tabs:
l
General Tab
l
Primary Tab
l
Attributes Tab
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General Tab
The General tab labels the authentication source and defines session details, authorization sources, and backup server
details.
Figure 107 Token Server (General Tab)
Table 90: Token Server General Tab
152
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
In this context, Token Server
Use for
Authorization
This check box instructs Policy Manager to fetch role mapping attributes (or
authorization attributes) from this authentication source. If a user or device
successfully authenticates against this authentication source, then Policy Manager
also fetches role mapping attributes from the same source (if this setting is enabled).
This check box is enabled by default
Authorization
Sources
You can specify additional sources from which to fetch role mapping attributes.
Select a previously configured authentication source from the drop down list, and
click Add to add it to the list of authorization sources. Click Remove to remove it from
the list.
If Policy Manager authenticates the user or device from this authentication source,
then it also fetches role mapping attributes from these additional authorization
sources.
NOTE: Note: As described in “Services,” additional authorization sources can be
specified at the Service level. Policy Manager fetches role mapping attributes
regardless of which authentication source the user or device was authenticated
against.
Server Timeout
This is the time in seconds that Policy Manager waits before attempting to fail over
from primary to the backup servers (in the order in which they are configured)
Backup Servers
Priority
To add a backup server, click Add Backup. When the Backup 1 tab appears, you can
specify connection details for a backup server (same fields as for primary server,
specified below).
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Parameter
Description
To remove a backup server, select the server name and click Remove. Select Move
Up or Move Down to change the server priority of the backup servers. This is the
order in which Policy Manager attempts to connect to the backup servers.
Primary Tab
The Primary Tab defines the settings for the primary server.
Figure 108 Token Server (Primary Tab)
Table 91: Token Server (Primary Tab)
Parameter
Description
Server
Name/Port
Host name or IP address of the token server, and the UDP port at which the token server
listens for RADIUS connections. The default port is 1812.
Secret
RADIUS shared secret to connect to the token server.
Attributes Tab
The Attributes tab defines the RADIUS attributes to be fetched from the token server. These attributes can be used in
role mapping policies. (See "Configuring a Role Mapping Policy " on page 155for more information.) Policy Manager
load all RADIUS vendor dictionaries in the type drop down to help select the attributes.
Figure 109 Token Server (Attributes Tab)
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Chapter 14
Identity: Users, Endpoints, Roles and Role Mapping
A Role Mapping Policy reduces client (user or device) identity or attributes associated with the request to Role(s) for
Enforcement Policy evaluation. The roles ultimately determine differentiated access.
Architecture and Flow
Roles range in complexity from a simple user group (e.g., Finance, Engineering, or Human Resources) to a combination
of a user group with some dynamic constraints (e.g., “San Jose Night Shift Worker”- - An employee in the Engineering
department who logs in through the San Jose network device between 8 PM and 5 AM on weekdays). It can also
apply to a list users. A role can be:
l
Discovered by Policy Manager through role mapping ("Adding and Modifying Role Mapping Policies " on page
157). Roles are typically discovered by Policy Manager by retrieving attributes from the authentication source.
Filter rules associated with the authentication source tell Policy Manager where to retrieve these attributes.
l
Assigned automatically when retrieving attributes from the authentication source. Any attribute in the
authentication source can be mapped directly to a role. ("Adding and Modifying Authentication Sources " on page
128)
l
Associated directly with a user in the Policy Manager local user database ("Adding and Modifying Local Users "
on page 161 and "Adding and Modifying Guest Users " on page 162).
l
Associated directly with a static host list, again through role mapping ("Adding and Modifying Static Host Lists "
on page 167).
Figure 110 Role Mapping Process
Configuring a Role Mapping Policy
After authenticating a request, an Policy Manager Service invokes its Role Mapping Policy, resulting in assignment of
a role(s) to the client. This role becomes the identity component of Enforcement Policy decisions.
A service can be configured without a Role Mapping Policy, but only one Role Mapping Policy can be configured for
each service.
Policy Manager ships with the following pre-configured roles:
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l
[Contractor] - Default role for a Contractor
l
[Employee] - Default role for an Employee
l
[Guest] - Default role for guest access
l
[Other] - Default role for other user or device
l
[TACACS API Admin] -API administrator role for Policy Manager admin
l
[TACACS Help Desk] - Policy Manager Admin Role, limited to views of the Monitoring screens
l
[TACACS Network Admin] - Policy Manager Admin Role, limited to Configuration and Monitoring UI screens
l
[TACACS Read-only Admin] - Read-only administrator role for Policy Manager Admin
l
[TACACS Receptionist] - Policy Manager Guest Provisioning Role
l
[TACACS Super Admin] - Policy Manager Admin Role with unlimited access to all UI screens
Additional roles are available with AirGroup and Onboard licenses
You can also configure other roles. Refer to "Adding and Modifying Roles " on page 160.
Configuring Single Sign-On
Single Sigh-On allows ClearPass users to access the Policy Manager, Guest, and Insight applications without re-signing
in once they have signed in to one of the applications.
To configure single sign-on
1. Go to Configuration > Identity > Single Sign-On.
2. Enter the IdP (Identity Provider) Single sign-on URL. (See below for details.)
3. In the Enable SSO for section, select the check box for the applications you want users to access with single signon.
4. If you want to do a certificate comparison, select the IdP Certificate to use.
5. Click Save.
Table 92: Single Sign-On parameters.
Parameter
156
Description
IdP
SSO URL
This is the Identity Provider's HTTP-REDIRECT URl, which is the URL a user is redirected
to with a SAMLRequest when that user accesses a SAML protected resource.
IdP
Certificate
Single sign-on will operate with or without a certificate comparison. The certificates you
can choose in this list are the ones defined in "Certificate Trust List " on page 289.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Configuring a Role Mapping Policy
After authenticating a request, an Policy Manager Service invokes its Role Mapping Policy, resulting in assignment of
a role(s) to the client. This role becomes the identity component of Enforcement Policy decisions.
A Service can be configured without a Role Mapping Policy, but only one Role Mapping Policy can be configured for
each service.
Policy Manager ships with the following pre-configured roles:
l
[Guest] - Role for guest access
l
[TACACS Help Desk] - Policy Manager Admin Role, limited to views of the Monitoring screens
l
[TACACS Network Admin] - Policy Manager Admin Role, limited to Configuration and Monitoring UI screens
l
[TACACS Receptionist] - Policy Manager Guest Provisioning Role
l
[TACACS Super Admin] - Policy Manager Admin Role with unlimited access to all UI screens
You can also configure additional roles. Refer to "Adding and Modifying Roles " on page 160 for more information.
Adding and Modifying Role Mapping Policies
From the Services page (Configuration > Service), you can configure role mapping for a new service (as part of the
flow of the Add Service wizard), or modify an existing role mapping policy directly (from the Configuration >
Identity > Role Mappings page).
Figure 111 Role Mapping Policies
When you click Add Role Mapping from any of these locations, Policy Manager displays the Add Role Mapping
popup, which contains the following three tabs:
l
Policy
l
Mapping Rules
l
Summary
Policy Tab
The Policy tab labels the method and defines the Default Role (the role to which Policy Manager defaults if the
mapping policy does not produce a match for a given request).
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Figure 112 Role Mapping (Policy Tab)
Table 93: Role Mapping (Policy tab)
Parameter
Description
Policy Name
/Description
Freeform label and description.
Default Role
Select the role to which Policy Manager will default when the role mapping policy
does not produce a match.
View Details /
Modify / Add new
Role
Click on View Details to view the details of the default role. Click on Modify to
modify the default role. Click on Add new Role to add a new role.
Mapping Rules Tab
The Mapping Rules tab selects the evaluation algorithm, adds/edits/removes rules, and reorder rules.
On the Mapping Rules tab, click the Add Rule button to create a new rule, or select an existing rule (by clicking on
the row) and then click the Edit Rule button or Remove Rule button.
Figure 113 Role Mapping (Mapping Rules Tab)
When you select Add Rule or Edit Rule, Policy Manager displays the Rules Editor popup.
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Figure 114 Rules Editor
Table 94: Role Mappings Page (Rules Editor)
Label
Description
Type
The rules editor appears throughout the Policy Manager interface. It exposes different
namespace dictionaries depending on context. (Refer to "Namespaces" on page 329.)
In the role mapping context, Policy Manager allows attributes from following namespaces:
l Application
l Authentication
l Authorization
l Authorization:<authorization_source_instance> - Policy Manager shows each instance of
the authorization source for which attributes have been configured to be fetched. ("Adding
and Modifying Authentication Sources " on page 128). Only those attributes that have
been configured to fetched are shown in the attributes dropdown.
l Certificate
l Connection
l Date
l Device
l Endpoint
l GuestUser
l Host
l LocalUser
l Onboard
l TACACS
l RADIUS - All enabled RADIUS vendor dictionaries
Name
(of
attribute)
Drop-down list of attributes present in the selected namespace.
Operator
Drop-down list of context-appropriate (with respect to the attribute data type) operators.
Operators have their obvious meaning; for stated definitions of operator meaning, refer to
"Operators" on page 335.
Value of
attribute
Depending on attribute data type, this may be a free-form (one or many line) edit box, a dropdown list, or a time/date widget.
The Operator values that display for each Type and Name are based on the data type specified for the Authentication
Source (from the Configuration > Authentication > Sources page). If, for example, you modify the UserDN Data type on
the Authentication Sources page to be an Integer rather than a string, then the list of Operator values here will populate
with values that are specific to Integers.
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When you save your Role Mapping configuration, it appears in the Mapping Rules tab list. In this interface, you can
select a rule (click and the background changes color), and then use the various widgets to Move Up, Move Down,
Edit the rule, or Remove the rule.
Adding and Modifying Roles
Policy Manager lists all available roles in the Roles page. From the menu, select Configuration > Identity > Roles.
Figure 115 Roles
You can configure a role from within a Role Mapping Policy (Add New Role), or independently from the menu
(Configuration > Identity > Roles > Add Roles). In either case, roles exist independently of an individual Service and
can be accessed globally through the Role Mapping Policy of any Service.
When you click Add Roles from any of these locations, Policy Manager displays the Add New Role popup.
Figure 116 Add New Role
Table 95: Add New Role
Parameter
Description
Role Name /Description
Freeform label and description.
Local Users, Guest Users, Onboard Devices, Endpoints, and Static
Host List Configuration
The internal Policy Manager database ([Local User Repository], [Guest User Repository]) supports storage of user
records, when a particular class of users is not present in a central user repository (e.g., neither Active Directory nor
other database); by way of an example of such a class of users, guest or contractor records can be stored in the local
user repository.
To authenticate local users from a particular Service, include [Local User Repository] among the Authentication
Sources.
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The endpoints table lists the endpoints that have authenticated requests to Policy Manager. These entries are
automatically populated from the 802.1X, MAC-based authentications, and web authentications processed by Policy
Manager. These can be further modified to add tags, known/unknown, disabled status.
A static host list comprises of list of MAC and IP addresses. These can be used as white or black lists to control access
to the network.
Refer to "Adding and Modifying Local Users " on page 161 for information on how to configure Local Users.
Adding and Modifying Local Users
Policy Manager lists all local users in the Local Users page (Configuration > Identity > Local Users):
Figure 117 Fig: Local Users Listing
To add a local user, click Add User to display the Add Local User popup.
Figure 118 Add Local User
Table 96: Add Local User
Parameter
Description
User ID/
Name
/Password/
Verify
Password
Freeform labels and password.
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Parameter
Description
Enable
User
Uncheck to disable this user account.
Role
Select a static role for this local user.
Attributes
Add custom attributes for this local user. Click on the “Click to add...” row to add custom
attributes. By default, four custom attributes appear in the Attribute dropdown: Phone,
Email, Sponsor, Designation. You can enter any name in the attribute field. All attributes
are of String datatype. The value field can also be populated with any string. Each time you
enter a new custom attribute, it is available for selection in Attribute dropdown for all local
users.
NOTE: All attributes entered for a local user are available in the role mapping rules editor
under the LocalUser namespace.
Additional Available Tasks
l
To edit a local user, in the Local Users listing page, click on the name to display the Edit Local User popup.
l
To delete a local user, in the Local Users listing page, select it (via the check box) and click Delete.
l
To export a local user, in the Local Users listing page, select it (via the check box) and click Export.
l
To export ALL local users, in the Local Users listing page, click Export Users.
l
To import local users, in the Local Users listing page, click Import Users.
Adding and Modifying Guest Users
An administrator with the Policy Manager Receptionist role provisions users specifically as Guests (local users with a
pre-defined role of Guest). From the menu, select Configuration > Identity > Guest Users.
Figure 119 Guest Users Listing
Table 97: Guest Users Listing
162
Parameter
Description
User Name
Guest user name.
Sponsor Name
Sponsor who sponsored the guest.
Guest Type
USER (for guest users) and DEVICE (for devices registered from the Guest product).
Status
Enabled/Disabled status.
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Parameter
Description
Expired
Whether the guest/device account has expired
Source
Application
Where this account was created: From Policy Manager or the Guest guest
provisioning product.
In the Guest Users listing:
l
To add a guest user or device, click Add User. This opens the Add New Guest User popup.
Figure 120 Add New Guest User
Figure 121 Add New Guest Device
Table 98: Add New Guest User/Device
Parameter
Description
Guest Type
Add a guest user or a guest device
User ID/ Name /Password/
Verify Password (Guest
User only)
Freeform labels and password.
Click Auto Generate to auto-generate a password for the guest user.
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Parameter
Description
MAC Address (Guest
Device only)
MAC address of the guest device.
Enable Guest
Check to enable guest user.
Expiry Time
Use the date widget to select the date and time on which this Guest User’s
access expires.
Attributes
Add custom attributes for this guest user. Click on the “Click to add...” row to
add custom attributes. By default, six custom attributes appear in the
Attribute dropdown: Company-Name, Location, Phone, Email, Sponsor,
Designation. You can enter any name in the attribute field. All attributes are
of String datatype. The value field can also be populated with any string.
Each time you enter a new custom attribute, it is available for selection in
Attribute drop down for all guest users.
NOTE: All attributes entered for a guest user are available in the role
mapping rules editor under the GuestUser namespace.
l
To edit a guest user, in the Guest Users listing page, double-click on the name to display the Edit Local User
popup.
l
To delete a guest user, in the Guest Users listing page, select it (via check box) and click Delete.
l
To export a guest user, in the Guest Users listing page, select it (via check box) and click Export.
l
To export ALL guest users, in the Guest Users listing page, click Export Users.
l
To import guest users, in the Guest Users listing page, click Import Users.
Onboard Devices
The Configuration > Identity > Onboard Devices page lists all devices that have authenticated. The information
within this page includes the device name, owner, status, whether the device is expired, and the expiry time.
Figure 122 Onboard Devices
Click on a device name within a row to drill down and view detailed information about the device, including the
device password, start and expiry times, owner, serial number, UUID, product name, and product version. You can also
use the Enable Device check box to enable or disable the device.
Figure 123 View Onboard Devices
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Adding and Modifying Endpoints
Policy Manager automatically lists all endpoints (that have authenticated) in the Endpoints page (Configuration >
Identity > Endpoints):
Figure 124 Endpoints Listing
l
To view the authentication details of an endpoint, select an endpoint by clicking on its check box, and then click
the Authentication Records button. This opens the Endpoint Authentication Details popup.
Figure 125 Endpoint Authentication Details
To manually add an endpoint, click Add Endpoint to display the Add Endpoint popup.
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Figure 126 Add Endpoint
Table 99: Add Endpoint
Parameter
Description
MAC
Address
MAC address of the endpoint.
Status
Mark as Known, Unknown or Disabled client. The Known and Unknown status can be used
in role mapping rules via the Authentication:MacAuth attribute. The Disabled status can be
used to block access to a specific endpoint. This status is automatically set when an
endpoint is blocked from the Endpoint Activity table (in the Live Monitoring section).
Attributes
Add custom attributes for this endpoint. Click on the “Click to add...” row to add custom
attributes. You can enter any name in the attribute field. All attributes are of String datatype.
The value field can also be populated with any string. Each time you enter a new custom
attribute, it is available for selection in Attribute dropdown for all endpoints.
NOTE: All attributes entered for an endpoint are available in the role mapping rules editor
under the Endpoint namespace.
To edit an endpoint, in the Endpoints listing page, click on the name to display the Edit Endpoint popup.
Notice that the Policy Cache Values section lists the role(s) assigned to the user and the posture status. Policy
Manager can use these cached values in authentication requests from this endpoint. Clear Cache clears the computed
policy results (roles and posture).
Figure 127 Endpoint Popup
To delete an endpoint, in the Endpoints listing page, select it (via check box) and click the Delete button.
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To export an endpoint, in the Endpoints listing page, select it (via check box) and click the Export button.
To export ALL endpoints, in the Endpoints listing page, click the Export All Endpoints link in the upper right corner
of the page.
To import endpoints, in the Endpoints listing page, click the Import Endpoints link in the upper right corner of the
page.
Adding and Modifying Static Host Lists
A static host list comprises a named list of MAC or IP addresses, which can be invoked the following ways:
l
In Service and Role-mapping rules as a component.
l
For non-responsive services on the network (for example, printers or scanners), as an Authentication Source.
Only static host lists of type MAC address are available as authentication sources. A static host list often functions, in the
context of the Service, as a white list or a black list. Therefore, they are configured independently at the global level.
Figure 128 Static Host Lists (Listing Page)
To add a Static Host List, click the Add Static Host List link. This opens the Add Static Host List popup.
Figure 129 Add Static Host List
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Table 100: Add Static Host List
Parameter
Description
Name/
Description
Freeform labels and descriptions.
Host Format
Select a format for expression of the address: subnet, IP address or regular
expression.
Host Type
Select a host type: IP Address or MAC Address (radio buttons).
List
Use the Add Host and Remove Host widgets to maintain membership in the current
Static Host List.
Additional Available Tasks
168
l
To edit a Static Host List from the Static Host Lists listing page, click on the name to display the Edit Static Host
List popup.
l
To delete a Static Host List from the Static Host Lists listing page, select it (via check box) and click the Delete
button.
l
To export a Static Host List, in the Static Host Lists listing page, select it (via check box) and click the Export
button.
l
To export ALL Static Host Lists, in the Static Host Lists listing page, click the Export Static Host Lists link.
l
To import Static Host Lists, in the Static Host Lists listing page, click the Import Static Host Lists link
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Chapter 15
Posture
Policy Manager provides several posture methods for health evaluation of clients requesting access. These methods all
return Posture Tokens (E.g., Healthy, Quarantine) for use by Policy Manager for input into Enforcement Policy. One or
more of these posture methods may be associated with a Service.
Posture Architecture and Flow
Policy Manager supports three different types of posture checking:
l
Posture Policy. Policy Manager supports four pre-configured posture plugins for Windows, one plugin for Linux®
and one plugin for Mac OS® X, against which administrators can configure rules that test for specific attributes of
client health and correlate the results to return Application Posture Tokens for processing by Enforcement Policies.
l
Posture Server. Policy Manager can forward all or part of the posture data received from the client to a Posture
Server. The Posture Server evaluates the posture data and returns Application Posture Tokens. Policy Manager
supports the Microsoft NPS Server for Microsoft NAP integration.
l
Audit Server. Audit Servers provide posture checking for unmanageable devices (i.e., devices lacking adequate
posture agents or supplicants); in the case of such clients, the audit server’s post-audit rules map clients to roles.
Policy Manager supports two types of Audit Servers: NMAP audit server, primarily to derive roles from post-audit
rules; NESSUS audit server, primarily used for vulnerability scans (and, optionally, post-audit rules).
Figure 130 Posture Evaluation Process
Policy Manager uses posture evaluation to assess client consistency with enterprise endpoint health policies,
specifically with respect to:
l
Operating system version/type
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l
Registry keys/services present (or absent)
l
Antivirus/antispyware/firewall configuration
l
Patch level of different software components
l
Peer to Peer application checks
l
Services to be running or not running
l
Processes to be running or not running
Each configured health check returns an application token representing health:
l
Healthy. Client is compliant: there are no restrictions on network access.
l
Checkup. Client is compliant; however, there is an update available. This can be used to proactively remediate to
healthy state.
l
Transient. Client evaluation is in progress; typically associated with auditing a client. The network access granted
is interim.
l
Quarantine. Client is out of compliance; restrict network access, so the client only has access to the remediation
servers.
l
Infected. Client is infected and is a threat to other systems in the network; network access should be denied or
severely restricted.
l
Unknown. The posture token of the client is unknown.
Upon completion of all configured posture checks, Policy Manager evaluates all application tokens and calculates a
system token, equivalent to the most restrictive rating for all returned application tokens. The system token provides the
health posture component for input to the Enforcement Policy.
A Service can also be configured without any Posture policy.
Configuring Posture
The following image displays how to configure Posture at the Service level. Note that the Posture Compliance check
box must be selected on the Service tab in order for Posture to be enabled.
Figure 131 Posture Features at the Service Level
You can configure the following features of posture:
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Table 101: Posture Features at the Service Level
Configurable
Component
How to Configure
Sequence of Posture
Policies
Select a Policy, then select Move Up, Move Down, Remove, or View Details.
l To add a previously configured Policy, select from the Select drop-down
list, then click Add.
l To configure a new Policy, click the Add New Policy link and refer to
"Adding and Modifying Posture Policies " on page 171.
l To edit the selected posture policy, click Modify and refer to "Adding and
Modifying Posture Policies " on page 171.
Default Posture Token
The default posture token is UNKNOWN (100)
Remediation End-Hosts
Select this check box to enable auto-remediation action on non-compliant
endpoints.
Remediation URL
This URL defines where to send additional remediation information to
endpoints.
Sequence of Posture
Servers
Select a Posture Server, then select Move Up, Move Down, Remove, or
View Details.
l To add a previously configured Posture Server, select from the Select
drop-down list, then click Add.
l To configure a new Posture Server, click Add New Posture Server (link)
and refer to "Adding and Modifying Posture Servers " on page 197.
l To edit the selected posture server, click Modify and refer to "Adding and
Modifying Posture Servers " on page 197.
Enable auto-remediation
of non-compliant endhosts
Select the Enable auto-remediation of non-compliant end-hosts check box
to enable the specified remediation server to enable auto-Remediation.
Remediation server is optional. A popup appears on the client box, with the
URL of the Remediation server.
Adding and Modifying Posture Policies
Policy Manager supports pre-configured posture plugins, against which administrators can configure rules that test for
specific attributes of client health and correlate the results to posture tokens:
l
If you have NAP Agent (USHA) running on a NAP-compatible client (Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista,
Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008), use:
ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator. Configurable checking for present/absent Registry Keys,
Services and processes, and product-/version-/update- specific checking for Antivirus, Antispyware, and Firewall
applications. Checks for peer-to-peer applications or networks, patch management applications, hotfixes, USB
devices, virtual machines, and network devices.
l
If you have ClearPass Linux NAP Agent running on a Linux client (CentOS, Fedora, Red Hat Enterprise Linux,
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop), use:
ClearPass Linux Universal System Health Validator. Configurable checking for present/absent Services, and
product-/version-/update- specific checking for Antivirus application, and Firewall configuration.
l
If you have a Microsoft NAP Agent running on the client, use:
n
Windows System Health Validator. Configurable checking for required operating system versions and service
packs.
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n
l
Windows Security Health Validator. Configurable checking for Antivirus/Antispyware/Firewall applications,
as well as automatic updates and security updates.
If you have ClearPass OnGuard Agent (dissolvable or persistent) running on the client (Windows 8, Windows 7,
Windows XP SP3, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 2003, SUSE Linux, Redhat Enterprise Linux,
Fedora Linux, CentOS Linux, MAC OS X), use:
n
ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator. Configurable checking for present/absent Registry
Keys and Services, and product-/version-/update- specific checking for Antivirus, Antispyware, and Firewall
applications. Checks for peer-to-peer applications or networks, patch management applications, hotfixes, USB
devices, virtual machines, and network devices.
n
Windows System Health Validator. Configurable checking for required operating system versions and service
packs.
n
ClearPass Linux Universal System Health Validator. Configurable checking for present/absent services.
n
ClearPass Mac OS X Universal System Health Validator. Configurable checking for product-/version-/updatespecific checking for Antivirus/Antispyware application, and Firewall configuration.
Note that ClearPass OnGuard Agent - both persistent and dissolvable forms - can be used in the following scenarios:
l
An environment that does not support 802.1X based authentication (legacy Windows Operating Systems, or legacy
devices in the network)
l
An OS that supports 802.1X natively, but does not have a built-in health agent. For example, MAC OS X.
Refer to "Configuring Posture Policy Plugins " on page 172 for additional information.
Configuring Posture Policy Plugins
From the Services page (Configuration > Service) or using the Add Posture Policy button (Configuration > Posture >
Posture Policies), you can configure posture for a new service (as part of the flow of the Add Service wizard), or
modify an existing posture policy or server directly (Configuration > Posture > Posture Policies, then click on its
name in the Posture Policies listing page).
When you click Add Posture Policy from any of these locations, Policy Manager displays the Add Posture Policy
page, which contains three configurable tabs:
l
The Policy tab labels the policy and defines operating system and the type of deployed agent.
Figure 132 Add Posture Policy (Policy Tab)
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Table 102: Add Posture Policy
Parameter
Description
Policy
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Posture Agent
l
l
l
NAP Agent - Use this to configure posture policies for host operating systems
with an embedded NAP-compliant agent (Microsoft Windows NAP Agent or
ClearPass Linux NAP Agent). Currently, the following OSes are supported:
Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server
2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Linux OSes supported by ClearPass Linux
NAP Agent.
OnGuard Agent - Use this to configure posture policies for guest or web portal
based use cases (via a dissolvable Java-applet based agent), or for use cases
where ClearPass (persistent) OnGuard Agent is installed on the endpoint.
Currently, the following OSes are supported by the OnGuard Agent: Windows 8,
Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008, Windows
Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2003, Mac OS X 10.5 or above, and Linux
OSes supported by ClearPass Linux NAP Agent.
Host Operating
System
Select Linux, Windows or Mac OS X. Note that Mac OS X is not available if the
Posture Agent is NAP.
Restrict by Roles
Select role(s) that the Posture policy will apply to. Leave empty for the Posture policy
to apply to all riles.
l To add a role, select a role from the drop-down list, and then click Add.
l To remove a role, select a role in the list, and then click Remove.
The Posture Plugins tab provides a selector for posture policy plugins. Select a plugin (by enabling its check box),
then click Configure.
Figure 133 Add Posture Policy (Posture Plugins Tab) - Windows NAP Agent
Figure 134 Add Posture Policy (Posture Plugins Tab) - Linux NAP Agent
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Figure 135 Add Posture Policy (Posture Plugins Tab) - Windows OnGuard Agent
Figure 136 Add Posture Policy (Posture Plugins Tab) - Linux OnGuard Agent
Figure 137 Add Posture Policy (Posture Plugins Tab) - Mac OS X OnGuard Agent
Refer to the following sections for plugin-specific configuration instructions:
l
"ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator - NAP Agent " on page 175
l
"Windows System Health Validator - NAP Agent " on page 196
l
"Windows Security Health Validator - NAP Agent " on page 195
l
"ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent " on page 191
l
"ClearPass Linux Universal System Health Validator - NAP Agent" on page 191
l
"ClearPass Linux Universal System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent " on page 193
l
"Windows System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent " on page 196
l
"Windows Security Health Validator - OnGuard Agent " on page 195
l
"ClearPass Mac OS X Universal System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent " on page 193
The Rules tab matches posture checking outcomes.
1. Select one of the following plugin checks.
l
Passes all System Health Validator (SHV) checks
l
Passes one or more SHV checks
l
Fails all SHV checks
l
Fails one or more SHV checks
2. Select the plugin.
3. Specify one of the following posture tokens:
174
l
Healthy. Client is compliant: there are no restrictions on network access.
l
Checkup. Client is compliant; however, there is an update available. This can be used to proactively remediate
to healthy state.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
l
Transition. Client evaluation is in progress; typically associated with auditing a client. The network access
granted is interim.
l
Quarantine. Client is out of compliance; restrict network access, so the client only has access to the remediation
servers.
l
Infected. Client is infected and is a threat to other systems in the network; network access should be denied or
severely restricted.
l
Unknown. The posture token of the client is unknown.
4. Click Save when you are finished.
Figure 138 Fig: Add Posture Policy (Rules Tab)
ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator - NAP Agent
The ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator page popup appears in response to actions in the
Posture Plugins tab of the Posture configuration.
Figure 139 ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator - NAP Agent
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Select a version of Windows and click the check box to enable checks for that version. Enabling checks for a specific
version displays the following set of configuration pages.These pages are explained in the sections that follow.
l
"Services" on page 176
l
"Processes" on page 177
l
"Registry Keys" on page 180
l
"AntiVirus" on page 181
l
"AntiSpyware" on page 183
l
"Firewall" on page 184
l
"Peer To Peer" on page 185
l
"Patch Management" on page 186
l
"Windows Hotfixes" on page 187
l
"USB Devices" on page 188
l
"Virtual Machines" on page 188
l
"Network Connections" on page 189
Services
The Services page provides a set of widgets for specifying specific services to be explicitly running or stopped.
Figure 140 Services Page
Table 103: Services Page
176
Parameter
Description
Auto
Remediation
Enable to allow auto remediation for service checks (Automatically stop or start services
based on the entries in Service to run and Services to stop configuration).
User
Notification
Enable to allow user notifications for service check policy violations.
Available
Services
This scrolling list contains a list of services that you can select and move to the Services
to run or Services to stop panels (using their associated widgets). This list is different for
the different OS types.
Click the >> or << to add or remove, respectively, the services from the Service to run or
Services to stop boxes.
Insert
To add a service to the list of available services, enter its name in the text box adjacent to
this button, then click Insert.
Delete
To remove a service from the list of available services, select it and click Delete.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Processes
The Processes page provides a set of widgets for specifying specific processes to be explicitly present or absent on the
system.
Figure 141 Processes Page (Overview)
Table 104: Process Page (Overview - Pre-Add)
Parameter
Description
Auto
Remediation
Enable to allow auto remediation for registry checks (Automatically add or remove
registry keys based on the entries in Registry keys to be present and Registry keys to
be absent configuration).
User
Notification
Enable to allow user notifications for registry check policy violations.
Processes to
be
present/absent
Click Add to specify a process to be added, either to the Processes to be present or
Processes to be absent lists.
Click Add for Process to be present to display the Process page detail.
Processes to be Present
Figure 142 Process to be Present Page (Detail)
Table 105: Process to be Present Page (Detail)
Parameter
Process
Location
Description
Choose from one of the pre-defined paths, or choose None.
SystemDrive - For example, C:
l SystemRoot - For example, C:\Windows
l
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Parameter
Description
l
l
l
l
ProgramFiles - For example, “C:\Program Files”
HOMEDRIVE - For example, C:
HOMEPATH - For example, \Users\JohnDoe
None - By selecting None, you can enter a custom path name in the Process Name
field.
Enter the
Process
name
A pathname containing the process executable name. Some valid examples are listed
below:
l If SystemRoot is specified in the Process Location field, then entering notepad.exe in
this field specifies that the following full pathname for the process should be checked:
%SystemRoot%\notepad.exe. Typically, this expands to: C:\Windows\notepad.exe
l If ProgramFiles is specified in the Process Location field, then entering “Mozilla
Firefox\firefox.exe” in this field specifies that the following full pathname for the process
should be checked: “%ProgramFiles%\Mozilla Firefox\firefox.exe”. Typically, this
expands to: “C:\Program Files\Mozilla Firefox\firefox.exe”
l If None is specified in the Process Location field, then entering “\temp\usurf.exe” in this
field specifies that the following full pathname for the process should be checked:
“c:\temp\foo.exe”
Note that when the agent looks for running processes on the system, it looks for a process
started from the specified location. For example, if the process to be running is specified to
be C:\Windows\notepad.exe, the agent checks to see if there is a process running on the
system that was started from the location C:\Windows. Even if the agent finds another
process with the same name (notepad.exe) but started from a different location (C:\Temp),
it will not match with what it is looking for. In this case, it will still start the process
C:\Windows\notepad.exe.
Enter the
Display
name
Enter a user friendly name for the process. This is displayed in end-user facing messages.
When you save your Process details, the key information appears in the Processes to be present page list.
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Processes to be Absent
Figure 143 Process to be Absent Page (Detail)
Table 106: Process to be Absent Page (Detail)
Parameter
Check
Type
Enter the
Display
name
Description
Select the type of process check to perform. The agent can look for
Process Name - The agent looks for all processes that matches with the given name.
For example, if notepad.exe is speicfied, the agent kills all processes whose name
matches, regardless of the location from which these processes were started.
l MD5 Sum - This specifies one or more (comma separated) MD5 checksums of the
process executable file. For example, if there are multiple versions of the process
executable, you can specify the MD5 sums of all versions here. The agent enumerates
all running processes on the system, computes the MD5 sum of the process executable
file, and matches this with the specified list. One or more of the matching processes are
then terminated.
l
Enter a user friendly name for the process. This is displayed in end-user facing messages.
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Figure 144 Process Page (Overview - Post Add)
Registry Keys
The Registry Keys page provides a set of widgets for specifying specific registry keys to be explicitly present or
absent.
Figure 145 Registry Keys Page (Overview)
Table 107: Registry Keys Page (Overview - Pre-Add)
Parameter
Description
Auto
Remediation
Enable to allow auto remediation for registry checks (Automatically add or remove
registry keys based on the entries in Registry keys to be present and Registry keys to
be absent configuration).
User
Notification
Enable to allow user notifications for registry check policy violations.
Registry keys
to be
present/absent
Click Add to specify a registry key to be added, either to the Registry keys to be present
or Registry keys to be absent lists.
Click Add for either condition to display the Registry page detail.
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Registry Keys to be Absent
Figure 146 Registry Keys Page (Detail)
Table 108: Registry Keys Page (Detail)
Parameter
Description
Hive/Key/value (name, type, data)
Identifying information for a specific setting for a specific registry key.
When you save your Registry details, the key information appears in the Registry page list.
Figure 147 Registry Keys Page (Overview - Post Add)
AntiVirus
In the Antivirus page, you can specify that an Antivirus application must be on and allows drill-down to specify
information about the Antivirus application. Click An Antivirus Application is On to configure the Antivirus
application information.
Figure 148 Antivirus Page (Overview - Before)
When enabled, the Antivirus detail page appears.
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Figure 149 Antivirus Page (Detail 1)
Click Add to specify product, and version check information.
Figure 150 Antivirus Page (Detail 2)
After you save your Antivirus configuration, it appears in the Antivirus page list.
Figure 151 Antivirus Page (Overview - After)
Table 109: Antivirus Page
Interface
Antivirus
Page
Parameter
l
l
l
l
Antivirus
Page
(Detail 1)
182
l
l
Description
An Antivirus
Application is On
Auto
Remediation
User Notification
Display Update
URL
l
Add
Trashcan icon
l
l
l
l
l
Check the Antivirus Application is On check box to enable
testing of health data for configured Antivirus application(s).
Check the Auto Remediation check box to enable auto
remediation of anti-virus status.
Check the User Notification check box to enable user
notification of policy violation of anti-virus status.
Check the Display Update URL check box to show the
origination URL of the update.
To configure Antivirus application attributes for testing against
health data, click Add.
To remove configured Antivirus application attributes from the
list, click the trashcan icon in that row.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Interface
Parameter
Description
Antivirus
Page
(Detail 2)
Product/Version/Last
Check
Configure the specific settings for which to test against health data.
All of these checks may not be available for some products. Where
checks are not available, they are shown in disabled state on the UI.
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
Select the antivirus product - Select a vendor from the list
Product version check - No Check, Is Latest (requires
registration with ClearPass portal), At Least, In Last N Updates
(requires registration with ClearPass Portal)
Engine version check - Same choices as product version check.
Data file version check - Same choices as product version check
Data file has been updated in - Specify the interval in hours,
days, weeks, or months.
Last scan has been done before - Specify the interval in hours,
days, weeks, or months.
Real-time Protection Status Check - No Check, On, or Off.
AntiSpyware
In the AntiSpyware page, an administrator can specify that an AntiSpyware application must be on and allows drilldown to specify information about the AntiSpyware application. Click An Antipyware Application is On to configure
the AntiSpyware application information.
Figure 152 AntiSpyware Page (Overview Before)
When enabled, the AntiSpyware detail page appears.
Figure 153 AntiSpyware Page (Detail 1)
Click Add to specify product, and version check information.
Figure 154 AntiSpyware Page (Detail 2)
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Figure 155 AntiSpyware Page (Overview After)
When you save your AntiSpyware configuration, it appears in the AntiSpyware page list.
The configuration elements are the same for antivirus and antispyware products. Refer to the previous AntiVirus
configuration instructions
Firewall
In the Firewall page, you can specify that a Firewall application must be on and allows drill-down to specify
information about the Firewall application.
Figure 156 Firewall Page (Overview Before)
In the Firewall page, click A Firewall Application is On to configure the Firewall application information.
Figure 157 Firewall Page (Detail 1)
When enabled, the Firewall detail page appears.
Figure 158 Firewall Page (Detail 2)
When you save your Firewall configuration, it appears in the Firewall page list.
Figure 159 Firewall Page (Overview After)
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Table 110: Firewall Page
Interface
Firewall
Page
Parameter
l
l
l
l
A Firewall
Application
is On
Auto
Remediation
User
Notification
Uncheck to
allow any
product
l
Add
Trashcan
icon
l
Firewall
Page
(Detail 1)
l
Firewall
Page
(Detail 2)
Product/Version
l
Description
l
l
l
l
Check the Firewall Application is On check box to enable testing of
health data for configured firewall application(s).
Check the Auto Remediation check box to enable auto remediation
of firewall status.
Check the User Notification check box to enable user notification of
policy violation of firewall status.
Uncheck the Uncheck to allow any product check box to check
whether any firewall application (any vendor) is running on the end
host.
To configure firewall application attributes for testing against health
data, click Add.
To remove configured firewall application attributes from the list, click
the trashcan icon in that row.
Configure the specific settings for which to test against health data. All of
these checks may not be available for some products. Where checks are
not available, they are shown in disabled state on the UI.
l Select the firewall product - Select a vendor from the list
l Product version is at least - Enter the version of the product.
Peer To Peer
The Peer To Peer page provides a set of widgets for specifying specific peer to peer applications or networks to be
explicitly stopped. When you select a peer to peer network, all applications that make use of that network are stopped.
Figure 160 Peer to Peer Page
Table 111: Peer to Peer Page
Parameter
Description
Auto
Remediation
Enable to allow auto remediation for service checks (Automatically stop peer to peer
applications based on the entries in Applications to stop configuration).
User
Notification
Enable to allow user notifications for peer to peer application/network check policy
violations.
By
Application /
By Network
Select the appropriate radio button to select individual peer to peer applications or a
group of applications that use specific p2p networks.
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Parameter
Description
Available
Applications
This scrolling list contains a list of applications or networks that you can select and move
to the Applications to stop panel.
Click the >> or << to add or remove, respectively, the applications or networks from the
Applications to stop box.
Patch Management
In the Patch Management page, you can specify that a patch management application must be on and allows drilldown to specify information about the patch management application. Click An patch management application is On
to configure the patch management application information.
Figure 161 Patch Management Page (Overview - Before)
When enabled, the Patch Management detail page appears.
Figure 162 Patch Management Page (Detail 1)
Click Add to specify product, and version check information.
Figure 163 Patch Management Page (Detail 2)
When you save your patches configuration, it appears in the Patch Management page list.
Figure 164 Patch Management Page (Overview - After)
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Table 112: Patch Management Page
Interface
Patch
Management
Page
Parameter
l
l
l
l
A patch
management
application is
on
Auto
Remediation
l
User
Notification
Uncheck to
allow any
product
l
Add
Trashcan
icon
l
Patch
Management
Page (Detail
1)
l
Patch
Management
Page (Detail
2)
Product/Version
l
Description
l
l
l
Check the Patches / Hot fixes Application is On check box to
enable testing of health data for configured Antivirus application
(s).
Check the Auto Remediation check box to enable auto
remediation of patch management status.
Check the User Notification check box to enable user notification
of policy violation of patch management status.
Uncheck the Uncheck to allow any product check box to check
whether any patch management application (any vendor) is
running on the end host.
To configure patch management application attributes for testing
against health data, click Add.
To remove configured patch management application attributes
from the list, click the trashcan icon in that row.
Configure the specific settings for which to test against health data.
All of these checks may not be available for some products. Where
checks are not available, they are shown in disabled state on the UI.
l Select the Patch Mgmt product - Select a vendor from the list
l Product version is at least - Enter version number
l Status check type - No check, Enabled, Disabled
Windows Hotfixes
The Windows Hotfixes page provides a set of widgets for checking if specific Windows hotfixes are installed on the
endpoint.
Figure 165 Windows Hotfixes Page
Table 113: Windows Hotfixes
Parameter
Description
Auto
Remediation
Enable to allow auto remediation for hotfixes checks (Automatically trigger updates of the
specified hotfixes).
User
Notification
Enable to allow user notifications for hotfixes check policy violations.
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Parameter
Description
Available
Hotfixes
The first scrolling list lets you select the criticality of the hotfixes. Based on this selection,
the second scrolling list contains a list of hotfixes that you can select and move to the
Hotfixes to be present panel (using their associated widgets).
Click the >> or << to add or remove, respectively, the hotfixes from the Hotfixes to run
boxes.
USB Devices
The USB Devices page provides configuration to control USB mass storage devices attached to an endpoint.
Figure 166 USB Devices
Table 114: USB Devices
Parameter
Description
Auto Remediation
Enable to allow auto remediation for USB mass storage devices attached
to the endpoint (Automatically stop or eject the drive).
User Notification
Enable to allow user notifications for USB devices policy violations.
Remediation Action for USB
Mass Storage Devices
l
l
l
No Action - Take no action; do not eject or disable the attached
devices.
Remove USB Mass Storage Devices - Eject the attached devices.
Remove USB Mass Storage Devices - Stop the attached devices.
Virtual Machines
The Virtual Machines page provides configuration to Virtual Machines utilized by your network.
Figure 167 Virtual Machines
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Table 115: Virtual Machines
Parameter
Description
Auto Remediation
Enable to allow auto remediation for virtual machines
connected to the endpoint.
User Notification
Enable to allow user notifications for virtual machine policy
violations.
Allow access to clients running on
Virtual Machine
Enable to allow clients that running a VM to be accessed and
validated.
Allow access to clients hosting Virtual
Machine
Enable to allow clients that hosting a VM to be accessed and
validated.
Remediation Action for clients hosting
Virtual Machines
l
l
l
No Action - Take no action; do not stop or pause virtual
machines.
Stop all Virtual Machines running on Host - Stop the VM
clients that are running on Host.
Pause all Virtual Machines running on Host - Pause the VM
clients that are running on Host.
Network Connections
The Network Connections page provides configuration to control network connections based on connection type.
Figure 168 Network Connections
Select the Check for Network Connection Types check box, and then click Configure to specify type of connection
that you want to include.
Configure Network Connection Type
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Figure 169 Network Connection Type Configuration
Table 116: Network Connection Type Configuration Page
Parameter
Description
Allow Network Connections Type
l
l
l
Allow Only One Network Connection
Allow One Network Connection with VPN
Allow Multiple Network Connections
User Notification
Enable to allow user notifications for hotfixes check policy
violations.
Network Connection Types
Click the >> or << to add or remove Others, Wired, and Wireless
connection types.
Remediation Action for USB Mass
Storage Devices
l
l
No Action - Take no action; do not eject or disable the attached
devices.
Disable Network Connections - Disable network connections
for the configured network type.
Click Save when you are finished. This returns you to the Network Connections Configuration page. The remaining
fields on this page are described below.
Table 117: Network Connections Configuration
190
Parameter
Description
Auto Remediation
Enable to allow auto remediation for network connections
User Notification
Enable to allow user notifications network connection policy violations.
Remediation Action for
Bridge Network
Connection
If Allow Bridge Network Connection is disabled, then specify whether to take
no action when a bridge network connection exists or to disable all bridge
network connections.
Remediation Action for
Internet Connection
Sharing
If Allow Internet Connection Sharing is disabled, then specify whether to take
no action when Internet connection sharing exists or to disable Internet
connection sharing.
Remediation Action for
Adhoc/Hosted Wireless
Networks
If Allow Adhoc/Hosted Wireless Networks is disabled, then specify whether to
take no action when a adhoc wireless networks exists or to disable all
adhoc/hosted wireless networks.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent
The ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent page popup appears in response to
actions in the Posture Plugins p of the Posture configuration. (When you select Windows and OnGuard Agent from
the posture policy page)
The OnGuard Agent version of the ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator supports all the features
supported by the NAP Agent validator. In addiiton, it also supports Windows Server 2003.
The configuration options and steps described under the ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator - NAP
Agent section also apply to the OnGuard Agent.
Even though the UI allows auto remediation configuration, the dissolvable OnGuard Agent does not support this feature.
ClearPass Linux Universal System Health Validator - NAP Agent
The ClearPass Linux Universal System Health Validator page popup appears in response to actions in the Posture
Plugins tab of the Posture configuration.
Figure 170 Fig: ClearPass Linux Universal system Health Validator - NAP Agent
Select a Linux version and click the Enable checks check box for that version.
The Services view appears automatically and provides a set of widgets for specifying specific services to be explicitly
running or stopped for the different Linux versions.
Table 118: Services View
Parameter
Description
Auto
Remediation
Enable to allow auto remediation for service checks (Automatically start or stop services
based on the entries in Service to run and Service to stop configuration).
User
Notification
Enable to allow user notifications for service status policy violations.
Available
Services
This scrolling list contains a list of services that you can select and move to the Services
to run or Services to stop panels (using their associated widgets).
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Parameter
Description
Insert
To add a service to the list of selectable services, enter its name in the text box adjacent to
this button, then click Insert.
Delete
To remove a service from the list of selectable services, select it and click Delete.
The last option, located on the bottom of the list of Linux versions, is the General Configuration section. This section
contains two pages: Firewall Check and Antivirus Check. Enable the check box in either page display its respective
configuration view:
The configurations done in the General Configuration section apply to all operating systems whose checks have been
turned on.
Figure 171 General Configuration Section
Select Firewall Check to display a view where you can specify Firewall parameters, specifically with respect to which
ports may be open or blocked.
Figure 172 Firewall view
Select Antivirus Check, then click Add in the view that appears to specify Antivirus details.
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Figure 173 Antivirus Check view
When you save your Antivirus configuration, it appears in the Antivirus page list.
Figure 174 Antivirus Check
Table 119: Antivirus Check
Interface
Parameter
Description
Antivirus
Main
view
Add
To configure Antivirus application attributes for testing against
health data, click Add.
Trashcan icon
To remove configured Antivirus application attributes from the list,
click the trashcan icon in that row.
Product/Version/Last
Check
Configure the specific settings for which to test against health data.
These fields all have their obvious meaning (described in the
ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator section).
Antivirus
Detail
view
ClearPass Linux Universal System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent
The ClearPass Linux Universal System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent page popup appears in response to
actions in the Posture Plugins tab of the Posture configuration (When you select Linux and OnGuard Agent from the
posture policy page).
The dissolvable agent version of the ClearPass Linux Universal System Health Validator supports all the features
supported by the "ClearPass Linux Universal System Health Validator - NAP Agent" on page 191 except for the
following:
l
Auto-remediation
l
Firewall status check and control
ClearPass Mac OS X Universal System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent
The ClearPass Mac OS X Universal System Health Validator page popup appears in response to actions in the
Posture Plugins tab of the Posture configuration.
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Figure 175 ClearPass Mac OS X Universal System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent
Select a check box to enable checks for Mac OS X. Enabling these check boxes displays a corresponding set of
configuration pages:
l
In the Antivirus page, you can specify that an Antivirus application must be on and allows drill-down to specify
information about the Antivirus application. Click on An Antivirus Application is On to configure the Antivirus
application information.
Figure 176 Antivirus Page (Overview - Before)
When enabled, the Antivirus detail page appears.
Figure 177 Antivirus Page (Detail 1)
Click Add to specify product and version check information.
Figure 178 Antivirus Page (Detail 2)
When you save your Antivirus configuration, it appears in the Antivirus page list. See "ClearPass Windows
Universal System Health Validator - NAP Agent " on page 175 for antivirus page and field descriptions.
l
194
In the Antispyware page, an administrator can specify that an Antispyware application must be on and allows drilldown to specify information about the Antispyware application.
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In the Antispyware page, click An Antispyware Application is On to configure the Antispyware application
information. See Antivirus configuration details above for description of the different configuration elements.
When you save your Antispyware configuration, it appears in the Antispyware page list.
The configuration elements are the same for anti-virus and antispyware products. Refer to the anti-virus
configuration instructions above.
l
In the Firewall page, you can specify that a Firewall application must be on and allows drill-down to specify
information about the Firewall application.
In the Firewall page, click A Firewall Application is On to configure the Firewall application information.
When enabled, the Firewall detail page appears. See "ClearPass Windows Universal System Health Validator NAP Agent " on page 175 for firewall page and field descriptions.
Windows Security Health Validator - NAP Agent
This validator checks for the presence of specific types of security applications. An administrator can use
the check boxes to restrict access based on the absence of the selected security application types.
Figure 179 Windows Security Health Validator
Windows Security Health Validator - OnGuard Agent
This validator checks for the presence of specific types of security applications. An administrator can use
the check boxes to restrict access based on the absence of the selected security application types.
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Figure 180 Windows Security Health Validator
Windows System Health Validator - NAP Agent
This validator checks for current Windows Service Packs. An administrator can use the check boxes to enable support
of specific operating systems and to restrict access based on service pack level.
Figure 181 Windows System Health Validator (Overview)
Windows System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent
This validator checks for current Windows Service Packs. The OnGuard Agent also supports legacy Windows
operating systems such as Windows 2000 and Windows Server 2003. An administrator can use the check boxes to
enable support of specific operating systems and to restrict access based on service pack level.
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Figure 182 Windows System Health Validator - OnGuard Agent (Overview)
Adding and Modifying Posture Servers
Policy Manager can forward all or part of the posture data received from the client to Posture Servers. The Posture
Server evaluates the posture data and returns Application Posture Tokens.
From the Services page (Configuration > Service), you can configure a posture server for a new service (as part of the
flow of the Add Service wizard), or modify an existing posture server directly (Configuration > Posture > Posture
Servers, then click on its name in the Posture Servers listing).
Figure 183 Posture Servers Listing Page
When you click Add Posture Server from any of these locations, Policy Manager displays the Posture Servers
configuration page.
Figure 184 Add Posture Server Page
Depending on the Protocol and Requested Credentials, different tabs and fields appear. Refer to "Microsoft NPS " on
page 197.
Microsoft NPS
Use the Microsoft NPS server when you want Policy Manager to have health - NAP Statement of Health (SoH)
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credentials - evaluated by the Microsoft NPS Server.
Table 120: Microsoft NPSSettings (Posture Server tab)
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Server Type
Always Microsoft NPS.
Default Posture
Token
Posture token assigned if the server is unreachable or if there is a posture check
failure. Select a status from the drop-down list.
Figure 185 Microsoft NPS Settings (Primary and Backup Server tabs)
Table 121: Microsoft NPS Settings (Primary and Backup Server tabs)
198
Parameter
Description
RADIUS
Server
Name/Port
Hostname or IP address and RADIUS server UDP port
Shared
Secret
Enter the shared secret for RADIUS message exchange; the same secret has to be
entered on the RADIUS server (Microsoft NPS) side
Timeout
How many seconds to wait before deeming the connection dead; if a backup is
configured, Policy Manager will attempt to connect to the backup server after this timeout.
For the backup server to be invoked on primary server failover, check the Enable to use
backup when primary does not respond check box.
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Chapter 16
Audit Servers
Audit Servers evaluate posture and/or role for unmanaged or unmanageable clients; that is, clients that lack an
adequate posture agent or 802.1X supplicant (for example, printers, PDAs, or guest users may not be able to send
posture credentials or identify themselves.) A Policy Manager Service can trigger an audit by sending a client ID to a
pre-configured Audit Server, which returns attributes for role mapping and posture evaluation.
Architecture and Flow
Audit servers are configured at a global level. Only one audit server may be associated with a Service. The flow-ofcontrol of the audit process occurs as follows:
Figure 186 Flow of Control of Policy Manager Auditing
Refer to "Configuring Audit Servers" on page 199 for additional information.
Configuring Audit Servers
The Policy Manager server contains built-in Nessus (version 2.X) and NMAP servers. For enterprises with existing
audit server infrastructure, or otherwise preferring external audit servers, Policy Manager supports these servers
externally.
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This section contains the following topics:
l
"Built-In Audit Servers" on page 200
l
"Custom Audit Servers" on page 202
l
"Nessus Scan Profiles" on page 205
Built-In Audit Servers
When configuring an audit as part of an Policy Manager Service, you can select the default Nessus ([Nessus Server]) or
NMAP ([Nmap Audit]) configuration.
Adding Auditing to a Policy Manager Service
1. Navigate to the Audit tab
l
To configure an audit server for a new service (as part of the flow of the Add Service wizard), navigate to
Configuration > Services. Select the Add Services link. In the Add Services form, select the Audit tab.
You must select the Audit End-hosts check box on the Services tab in order for the Audit tab to display.
l
To modify an existing audit server, navigate to Configuration > Posture > Audit Servers, then select an audit
server from the list.
2. Configure auditing
Complete the fields in the Audit tab as follows:
Figure 187 Audit Tab
Table 122: Audit Tab
Parameter
Audit
Server/Add
new Audit
Server
Description
Select a built-in server profile from the list:
The [Nessus Server] performs vulnerability scanning. It returns a Healthy/Quarantine
result.
l The [Nmap Audit] performs network port scans. The health evaluation always returns
Healthy. The port scan gathers attributes that allow determination of Role(s) through
post-audit rules.
l
NOTE: For Policy Manager to trigger an audit on an end-host, it needs to get the IP
address of this end-host. The IP address of the end-host is not available at the time of
initial authentication, in the case of 802.1X and MAC authentication requests. Policy
Manager has a built-in DHCP snooping service that can examine DHCP request and
response packets to derive the IP address of the end-host. For this to work, you need to
use this service, Policy Manager must be configured as a DHCP “IP Helper” on your
router/switch (in addition to your main DHCP server). Refer to your switch documentation
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Parameter
Description
for “IP Helper” configuration.
To audit devices that have a static IP addresss assigned, it is recommended that a static
binding between the MAC and IP address of the endpoint be created in your DHCP
server. Refer to your DHCP Server documentation for configuring such static bindings.
Note that Policy Manager does not issue IP address; it just examines the DHCP traffic in
order to derive the IP address of the end-host.
Audit
Trigger
Conditions
l
l
l
Reauthenticate
client
Always: Always perform an audit
When posture is not available: Perform audit only when posture credentials are not
available in the request.
For MAC Authentication Request, If you select this option, then Policy Manager
presents three additional settings:
n For known end-hosts only. For example, when you want to reject unknown endhosts, but audit known clients for. Known end-hosts are defined as those clients
that are found in the authentication source(s) associated with this service.
n For unknown end-hosts only. For example, when known end-hosts are assumed to
be healthy, but you want to establish the identity of unknown end-hosts and assign
roles. Unknown end-hosts are those end-hosts that are not found in any of the
authentication sources associated with this service.
n For all end-hosts. For both known and unknown end-hosts.
Check the check box for Force re-authentication of the client after audit to bounce the
switch port or to force an 802.1X reauthentication (both done via SNMP).
NOTE: Bouncing the port triggers a new 802.1X/MAC authentication request by the client.
If the audit server already has the posture token and attributes associated with this client in
its cache, it returns the token and the attributes to Policy Manager.
Modifying Built-In Audit Servers
To reconfigure a default Policy Manager Audit Servers:
1. Open the audit server profile.
Navigate to Configuration > Posture > Audit Servers, then select an Audit Server from the list of available
servers.
Figure 188 Audit Servers Listing
2. Modify the profile, plugins, and/or preferences.
l
In the Audit tab, you can modify the In Progress Posture Status and Default Posture Status.
l
If you selected a NESSUS Server, then the Primary/Backup Server tabs allow you to specify a scan profile. In
addition, when you add a new scan profile, you can select plugins and preferences for the profile. Refer to
"Nessus Scan Profiles" on page 205 for more information.
The built-in Policy Manager Nessus Audit Server ships with approximately 1000 of the most commonly used
Nessus plugins. You can download others from http://www.tenablesecurity.com, in the form all-2.0.tar.gz. To
upload them to the built-in Policy Manager Audit Server, navigate to Administration > Server Manager >
Server Configuration, select Upload Nessus Plugins, and then select the downloaded file.
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Figure 189 Upload Nessus Plugins Popup
l
In the Rules tab, you can create post-audit rules for determining Role based on identity attributes discovered by
the audit. Refer to Post-Audit Rules.
Custom Audit Servers
For enterprises with existing audit server infrastructure, or otherwise preferring custom audit servers, Policy Manager
supports NESSUS (2.x and 3.x) (and NMAP scans using the NMAP plugin on these external Nessus Servers).
To configure a custom Audit Server:
1. Open the Audit page.
l
To configure an audit server for a new service (as part of the flow of the Add Service wizard), navigate to
Configuration > Posture > Audit Servers, then click Add Audit Server.
l
To modify an existing audit server, navigate to Configuration > Posture > Audit Server, and select an audit
server.
2. Add a custom audit server
When you click Add Audit Server, Policy Manager displays the Add Audit Server page. Configuration settings
vary depending on audit server type:
n
"NESSUS Audit Server" on page 202
n
"NMAP Audit Server" on page 203
NESSUS Audit Server
Policy Manager uses the NESSUS Audit Server interface primarily to perform vulnerability scanning. It returns a
Healthy/Quarantine result.
The Audit tab identifies the server and defines configuration details.
Figure 190 NESSUS Audit Server (Audit Tab)
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Table 123: NESSUS Audit Server (Audit tab)
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
For purposes of an NESSUS-type Audit Server, always NESSUS.
In Progress Posture
Status
Posture status during audit. Select a status from the drop-down list.
Default Posture
Status
Posture status if evaluation does not return a condition/action match. Select a
status from the drop-down list.
The Primary Server and Backup Server tabs specify connection information for the NESSUS audit server.
Figure 191 Fig: NESSUS Audit Server (Primary & Backup Tabs)
Table 124: NESSUS Audit Server - Primary and Backup Server tabs
Parameter
Description
Server Name and
Port/ Username/
Password
Standard NESSUS server configuration fields.
NOTE: For the backup server to be invoked on primary server failover, check the
Enable to use backup when primary does not respond check box.
Scan Profile
You can accept the default Scan Profile or select Add/Edit Scan Profile to create
other profiles and add them to the Scan Profile list. Refer to "Nessus Scan Profiles"
on page 205.
The Rules tab provides specifies rules for post-audit evaluation of the request to assign a role. Refer to "Post-Audit
Rules" on page 207.
NMAP Audit Server
Policy Manager uses the NMAP Audit Server interface exclusively for network port scans. The health evaluation
always returns Healthy. The port scan gathers attributes that allow determination of Role(s) through post-audit rules.
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The Audit tab labels the Server and defines configuration details.
Figure 192 Audit Tab (NMAP)
Table 125: Audit Tab (NMAP)
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
For purposes of an NMAP-type Audit Server, always NMAP.
In Progress Posture
Status
Posture status during audit. Select a status from the drop-down list.
Default Posture
Status
Posture status if evaluation does not return a condition/action match. Select a
status from the drop-down list.
The NMAP Options tab specifies scan configuration.
Figure 193 Options Tab (NMAP)
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Table 126: Options Tab (NMAP)
Parameter
Description
TCP Scan
To specify a TCP scan, select from the TCP Scan drop-down list. Refer to NMAP
documentation for more information on these options. NMAP option --scanflags.
UDP Scan
To enable, check the UDP Scan check box. NMAP option -sU.
Service Scan
To enable, check the Service Scan check box. NMAP option -sV.
Detect Host Operating
System
To enable, check the Detect Host Operating System check box. NMAP option A.
Port Range/ Host
Timeout/ In Progress
Timeout
l
l
l
Port Range - Range of ports to scan. NMAP option -p.
Host Timeout - Give up on target host after this long. NMAP option --hosttimeout
In Progress Timeout - How long to wait before polling for NMAP results.
The Rules tab provides specifies rules for post-audit evaluation of the request to assign a role. Refer to "Post-Audit
Rules" on page 207.
Nessus Scan Profiles
A scan profile contains a set of scripts (plugins) that perform specific audit functions. To Add/Edit Scan Profiles, select
Add/Edit Scan Profile (link) from the Primary Server tab of the Nessus Audit Server configuration. The Nessus Scan
Profile Configuration page displays.
Figure 194 Nessus Scan Profile Configuration Page
You can refresh the plugins list (after uploading plugins into Policy Manager, or after refreshing the plugins on your
external Nessus server) by clicking Refresh Plugins List. The Nessus Scan Profile Configuration page provides three
views for scan profile configuration:
l
The Profile tab identifies the profile and provides a mechanism for selection of plugins:
n
From the Filter plugins by family drop-down list, select a family to display all available member plugins in the
list below. You may also enter the name of a plugin in Filter plugins by ID or name text box.
n
Select one or more plugins by enabling their corresponding check boxes (at left). Policy Manager will remember
selections as you select other plugins from other plugin families.
n
When finished, click the Selected Plugins tab.
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Figure 195 Nessus Scan Profile Configuration (Profile Tab)
l
The Selected Plugins tab displays all selected plugins, plus any dependencies.
To display a synopsis of any listed plugin, click on its row.
Figure 196 Nessus Scan Profile Configuration (Profile Tab) - Plugin Synopsis
Of special interest is the secton of the synopsis entitled Risks. To delete any listed plugin, click on its corresponding
trashcan icon. To change the vulnerability level of any listed plugin click on the link to change the level to one of HOLE,
WARN, INFO, NOTE. This tells Policy Manager the vulnerability level that is considered to be assigned QUARANTINE
status.
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Figure 197 Nessus Scan Profile Configuration (Selected Plugins Tab)
Figure 198 Nessus Scan Profile Configuration (Selected Plugins Tab) - Vulnerability Level
For each selected plugin, the Preferences tab contains a list of fields that require entries.
In many cases, these fields will be pre-populated. In other cases, you must provide information required for the
operation of the plugin.
By way of example of how plugins use this information, consider a plugin that must access a particular service, in
order to determine some aspect of the client’s status; in such cases, login information might be among the preference
fields.
Figure 199 Nessus Scan Profile Configuration (Preferences Tab)
Upon saving the profile, plugin, and preference information for your new (or modified) plugin, you can go to the
Primary/Backup Servers tabs and select it from the Scan Profile drop-down list.
Post-Audit Rules
The Rules tab specifies rules for post-audit evaluation of the request to assign a role.
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Figure 200 All Audit Server Configurations (Rules Tab)
Table 127: All Audit Server Configurations (Rules Tab)
Parameter
Description
Rules Evaluation
Algorithm
Select first matched rule and return the role or Select all matched rules and
eturn a set of roles.
Add Rule
Add a rule. Brings up the rules editor. See below.
Move Up/Down
Reorder the rules.
Edit Rule
Brings up the selected rule in edit mode.
Remove Rule
Remove the selected rule.
Figure 201 All Audit Server Configurations (Rules Editor)
Table 128: All Audit Server Configurations (Rules Editor)
208
Parameter
Description
Conditions
The Conditions list includes five dictionaries: Audit-Status, Device-Type, Output-Msgs,
Mac-Vendor, Network-Apps, Open-Ports, and OS-Info.. Refer to "Namespaces" on page
329.
Actions
The Actions list includes the names of the roles configured in Policy Manager.
Save
To commit a Condition/Action pairing, click Save.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Chapter 17
Enforcement
Policy Manager controls network access by sending a set of access-control attributes to the request-originating
Network Access Device (NAD).
Policy Manager sends these attributes by evaluating an Enfocement Policy associated with the service. The evaluation
of Enforcement Policy results in one or more Enforcement Profiles; each Enforcement Profile wraps the access control
attributes sent to the Network Access Device. For example, for RADIUS requests, commonly used Enforcement Profiles
include attributes for VLAN, Filter ID, Downloadable ACL and Proxy ACL.
Enforcement Architecture and Flow
To evaluate a request, a Policy Manager Application assembles the request’s client roles, client posture (system posture
token), and system time. The calculation that matches these components to a pre-defined Enforcement Profile occurs
inside of a black box called an Enforcement Policy.
Each Enforcement Policy contains a rule or set of rules for matching Conditions (role, posture and time) to Actions
(Enforcement Profiles). For each request, it yields one or more matches, in the form of Enforcement Profiles, from which
Policy Manager assembles access-control attributes for return to the originating NAD, subject to the following
disambiguation rules:
l
If an attribute occurs only once within an Enforcement Profile, transmit as is.
l
If an attribute occurs multiple times within the same Enforcement Profile, transmit as a multi-valued attribute.
l
If an attribute occurs in more than one Enforcement Profile, only transmit the value from the first Enforcement
Profile in priority order.
Optionally, each Enforcement Profile can have an associated group of NADs; when this occurs, Enforcement Profiles
are only sent if the request is received from one of the NADs in the group. For example, you can have the same rule for
VPN, LAN and WLAN access, with enforcement profiles associated with device groups for each type of access. If a
device group is not associated with the enforcement profile, attributes in that profile are sent regardless of where the
request originated.
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Figure 202 Flow of Control of Policy Manager Enforcement
Configuring Enforcement Profiles
You configure Policy Manager Enforcement Profiles globally, but they must be referenced in an enforcement policy
that is associated with a Service to be evaluate,
From the Enforcement Policies page (Configuration > Enforcement > Policies), you can configure an Enforcement
Profile for a new enforcement policy (as part of the flow of the Add Enforcement Policy wizard), or modify an
existing Enforcement Profile directly (Configuration > Enforcement > Profiles, then click on its name in the
Enforcement Profile listing).
Figure 203 Enforcement Profiles Page
Policy Manager comes pre-packaged with the following system-defined enforcement profiles:
l
210
[Allow Access Profile]. System-defined RADIUS profile to allow network access; Policy Manager sends a RADIUS
AccessAccept message with no attributes.
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l
[Deny Access Profile]. System-defined RADIUS profile to deny network access; Policy Manager sends a RADIUS
AccessReject message with no attributes.
l
[Drop Access Profile]. System-defined profile to drop the network access request; Policy Manager silently drops
the RADIUS AccessRequest message.
l
[TACACS Deny Profile]. System-defined TACACS+ profile to deny network device access through the TACACS+
protocol.
l
There are several system-defined profiles associated with different vendors’ RADIUS CoA actions.
l
n
[Cisco - Terminate Session] - Terminate a session on a Cisco device.
n
[Cisco - Disable-Host-Port] - Disable a port on a Cisco Ethernet switching device.
n
[Cisco - Bounce-Host-Port] - Perform link-up/link-down action on a Cisco Ethernet switching device.
n
[Cisco - Reuthenticate-Session] - Trigger a session reauthentication on a Cisco device.
n
[HP - Terminate Session] - Terminate a session on an HP device.
n
[Aruba - Terminate Session] - Terminate a session on an Aruba Wireless Controller.
There are four built-in TACACS+ profiles that are mapped to the different administrator roles available in Policy
Manager. These profiles can be used to give permissions to log into the Policy Manager UI.
n
[TACACS Help Desk]. System-defined profile to allow administrative access to Policy Manager using the
Helpdesk role.
n
[TACACS Network Admin]. System-defined profile to allow administrative access to Policy Manager using the
Network Administrator role.
n
[TACACS Receptionist]. System-defined profile to allow administrative access to Policy Manager using the
Receptionist role.
n
[TACACS Super Admin]. System-defined profile to allow administrative access to Policy Manager using the
Super Administrator role.
From the Enforcement Profile page, when you click Add Enforcement Profile, Policy Manager displays the Add
Enforcement Profile page:
Figure 204 Add Enforcement Profile Page
Policy Manager comes pre-packaged with several enforcement profile templates:
l
VLAN Enforcement - All RADIUS attributes for VLAN enforcement are pre-filled in this template.
l
Aruba RADIUS Enforcement - RADIUS tempate that can be filled with attributes from the Aruba RADIUS
dictionaries loaded into Policy Manager.
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l
Aruba Downloadable Role Enforcement - RADIUS template that can be filled with role attributes to create roles
that can be assigned to users after successful authentication.
l
Filter ID Based Enforcement - All RADIUS attributes for filter-id based enforcement are pre-filled in this template.
l
RADIUS Based Enforcement - Generic RADIUS tempate that can be filled with any attribute from the RADIUS
vendor dictionaries loaded into Policy Manager.
l
RADIUS Change of Authorization (CoA) - Enforcement profile that encapsulates CoA actions sent to the network
device. Note that the system comes pre-packaged with default Enforcement Profiles for “Disconnect” (Terminate
Session) actions for the different supported vendor devices; there is no need to create profiles for these actions.
l
TACACS+ Based Enforcement - TACACS+ based enforcement profile with UI customized for TACACS+ service &
command authorization.
l
SNMP Based Enforcement - Generic SNMP based enforcement profile with SNMP dictionaries for VLAN steering
and Reset Connection.
l
Cisco Downloadable ACL Enforcement - RADIUS based enforcement profile with UI customized for Cisco
Downloadable ACL Enforcement.
l
Cisco Web Authentication Enforcement - RADIUS based enforcement profile with pre-loaded attributes for
enforcement for Cisco switch-hosted web authentication.
l
Aruba Guest Enforcement - Application specific enforcement profile with pre-loaded attributes for authorization of
Guest users.
l
Aruba Insight Enforcement - Application specific enforcement profile with pre-loaded attributes for authorization of
Insight users.
l
Generic Application Enforcement - Application specific enforcement profile with customization attribute-value
pairs for authorization of generic applications.
l
CLI Based Enforcement - Enforcement profile that encapsulates CLI commands to be issued to the network device.
The “Target Device” attribute specifies the device on which the “Command” attribute is executed.
l
Agent Enforcement - Enforcement profile that encapsulates attributes sent to Aruba OnGuard agent. Attributes can
be specified to bounce the client or to send a custom message to the client.
l
ClearPass Entity Update Enforcement - Post-authentication enforcement profile that can be filled with attributes to
update the tag entries in endpoints and guest users.
l
Session Restrictions Enforcement - Post-authentication enforcement profile that can be filled with attributes to
restrict users based on various factors such as bandwidth usage, active session count, and also terminate sessions
when the limits are reached.
Table 129: Add Enforcement Profile page
212
Parameter
Description
Name/
Description
Freeform label for enforcement profile.
Type
Auto-filled based on the selected template: RADIUS, TACACS, SNMP, Application,
RADIUS_CoA
Action
Relevant only for RADIUS type enforcement profiles. Accept, Deny or Drop the request.
Device
Group List
Associate the profile with pre-configured Device Groups.
l Add New Device Group to add a new device group.
l Add to add a device group from this drop-down list.
l Remove, View Details, Modify to remove, view the details of, or modify the selected
enforcement profile, respectively
NOTE: This feature does not work with RADIUS CoA type Enforcement Profiles.
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The remaining Enforcement Profile tabs vary in content, depending on the Template Type (auto-specified in the Type
field when a Template has been selected):
l
"RADIUS Enforcement Profiles " on page 213
l
"RADIUS CoA Enforcement Profiles" on page 215
l
"SNMP Enforcement Profiles " on page 216
l
"TACACS+ Enforcement Profiles " on page 216
l
"Application Enforcement Profiles " on page 218
l
"CLI Enforcement Profile " on page 219
l
"Agent Enforcement Profiles " on page 219
l
Post Authentication Enforcement Profiles
RADIUS Enforcement Profiles
RADIUS Enforcement Profiles contain name/value pairings of attributes from the RADIUS dictionaries; in this editing
context, Policy Manager displays only those attributes marked in the dictionary with the OUT or INOUT qualifier.
The following figures illustrate rules for several sample profiles:
A - VLAN Enforcement; B - Filter ID Based Enforcement; C - Cisco Downloadable ACL Enforcement; D - Cisco We
Authentication Enforcement; E - Generic RADIUS Enforcement; F - Aruba Downloadable Role Enforcement
Figure 205 RADIUS Enforcement Profile (Attributes Tab)
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Figure 206 RADIUS Enforcement Profile (Attributes Tab) - Generic RADIUS Enforcement Profile
Figure 207 Aruba Downloadable Role Enforcement
Table 130: RADIUS Enforcement Profile (Attributes tab)
Enforcement
Profile
Template
214
Description
A— VLAN
Enforcement
Enforcement profile template to set IETF RADIUS standard VLAN attributes.
B—Filter ID
Based
Enforcement
Enforcement profile template to set IETF RADIUS standard filter ID attribute.
C—Cisco
Downloadable
ACL
Enforcement
Enforcement profile template for Cisco IOS downloadable ACLs.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Enforcement
Profile
Template
Description
D—Cisco Web
Authentication
Enforcement
Enforcement profile template to set Cisco Web Authentication ACLs.
E—(Generic)
RADIUSBased
Authentication
Type is any RADIUS vendor dictionary that is pre-packaged with Policy Manager, or
imported by the Administrator. This field is prepopulated with the dictionary names.
Name is the name of the attribute from the dictionary selected in the Type field. The
attribute names are prepopulated from the dictionary.
Value is the value of the attribute. If the value has prepopulated values is the dictionary,
these appear in a drop-down list. Otherwise, you can enter freeform text.
An Enforcement Profile can also contain dynamic values (as received in the request or
authentication handshake, or as derived by the Policy Manager policy system).
For example, to set the name of the VLAN to the name of the role, enter %{Tips:Role}
as the value for RADIUS:IETF:Tunnel-Private-Group-Id. These dynamic values
must be entered in the following format, without any spaces: %
{namespace:attribute-name}.
For convenience, the value field also has a drop down that contains all the authorization
attributes. You can use these directly to assign dynamic values in the profile. Refer to
figure above.
F—-Aruba
Downloadable
Role
Enforcement
Enforcement profile template for ClearPass Policy Manager to create user roles at the
time of user authentication.
Type is Aruba RADIUS dictionary.
Name is the Aruba downloadable role.
Value is attribute for the downloadable role. You can enter freeform text to define the
role and policy.
For more information on defining roles and policies, refer to Aruba OS7.X User Guide.
The following is an example of an Aruba downloadable role:
ip access-list stateless denyping
any any svc-icmp deny
user-role cppm1
access-list stateless denyping
RADIUS CoA Enforcement Profiles
The RADIUS CoA tab contains a template type and the actions associated with that template type.
The RADIUS CoA Enforcement Profile tab loads the CoA template attributes supported a specific template.
Interface
Select
RADIUS
CoA
Template
Attributes
Description
The supported template types are:
Cisco - Disable-Host-Port
l Cisco - Bounce-Host-Port
l Cisco - Reauthenticate-Session
l HP - Change-VLAN
l HP - Generic-CoA
l
The RADIUS (standard and vendor-specific) shown here are base on the CoA Template
selected from the drop down. Fill in values for all entries marked “Enter value here”. The
other pre-filled attributes must not be deleted, since the device requires these to be present.
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SNMP Enforcement Profiles
The SNMP tab contains a VLAN identifier and timeout.
Figure 208 Fig: SNMP Enforcement Profile (SNMP Tab)
The SNMP Enforcement Profile SNMP tab loads the SNMP dictionary attributes supported by Policy Manager.
Table 131: SNMP Enforcement Profile (SNMP tab)
Interface
Description
VLAN Id
VLAN ID to be sent to the device
Session
Timeout
Session timeout in seconds.
Reset
Connection
(after the
settings are
applied)
Reset Connection is a primitive that does different actions based on the capabilities of
the network device. For devices that support the 802.1X re-authentication, Policy
Manager triggers a re-authentication; in other cases, it bounces the port.
TACACS+ Enforcement Profiles
TACACS+ Enforcement Profiles contain attribute-value pairs and other permissions related to administrative access to
a network device. The built-in TACACS+ enforcement profiles can also be used to log into the Policy Manager UI.
TACACS+ enforcement profiles use ARAP, Policy Manager:HTTP, PIX Shell, PPP:IP, PPP:IPX, PPP:LCP, WirelessWCS:HTTP, CiscoWLC:Common and Shell namespaces to define service attributes.
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Figure 209 TACACS+ Enforcement Profiles (Services Tab)
Table 132: TACACS+ Enforcement Profile (Services tab)
Container
Description
Privilege
Level
Enter a value, from 0 to 15.
NOTE: Refer to your network device documentation for definitions of the different privilege
levels.
Selected
Services
To add supported services, click Add.
To remove a service, select it and click Remove.
Policy Manager supports ARAP,eTIPS:HTTP (Policy Manager administrative interface
login), PIX shell, Shell, PPP:IP, PPP:IPX, Wireless-WCS:HTTP, CiscoWLC:Common and
PPP:LCP.
Service
Attributes
Once the services have been selected, you can select the attributes to send for those
services. Some services have pre-defined attributtes (which are automatically populated by
Policy Manager in a drop down list in the Name field). You can also add custom attributes in
the Name field. Add service attributes corresponding to the services selected in Selected
Services.
Policy Manager ships configured with attributes for some of the listed services.
Selections in the Commands tab configure commands and arguments allowed/disallowed for the selected Service
Type.
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Figure 210 TACACS+ Enforcement Profiles (Commands tab)
Table 133: Commands tab (TACACS+ Enforcement Profiles)
Container
Description
Service
Type
Select Shell or PIX shell radio button.
Subsequent selections in this tab configure commands and arguments allowed/disallowed
for this selection.
Unmatched
Commands
Enable to permit commands that are not explicitly entered in the Commands field.
Commands
Contains a list of the commands recognized for the specified Service Type:
To add a command, click Add. In the Configure Tacacs Command Authorization popup,
enter values for:
l Command. A string for the command. This is followed by one or more command
argument rows.
l Command Arguments. The arguments for the command.
l Action. Click on Enable to permit check box to permit use of this command argument. If
this box is unchecked the column shows Deny and the command argument is not
allowed.
l Click Trashcan to delete the command argument.
l Unmatched Arguments. Select Permit radio button to permit this command even if
Policy Manager receives arguments for the command that it does not recognize. Select
Deny radio button to deny the command if Policy Manager receives unrecognized
arguments.
To save and exit, click outside the row you are editing.
To delete a command, click the Trashcan icon for that row.
Application Enforcement Profiles
Application Enforcement Profiles contain attribute-value pairs and other permissions related to authorization of users of
Aruba Applications - Guest and Insight. There are three different types of application enforcement profile templates
that can be selected:
218
l
ClearPass Insight Enforcement - Attributes for users of Insight application.
l
Generic Application Enforcement - Attributes for users of any generic application.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Figure 211 Application Enforcement Profiles (Attributes Tab)
Table 134: Application Enforcement Profiles (Attributes tab)
Contai
ner
Description
Privile
geLevel
Enter a predefined value: Admin, Sponsor, Helpdesk; or enter an application-specific custom
value.
NOTE: Sponsor is only valid for the Guest application
Spons
orProfileName
Valid only for Guest application. This is the (case-sensitive) name of the sponsor profile defined
in the Guest application.
Spons
orEmail
Enter the email address of the sponsor.
CLI Enforcement Profile
CLI Enforcement Profiles contain attribute-value pairs related to authorization of users/devices via CLI commands
executed on a target network device.
Figure 212 CLI Enforcement Profile (Attributes Tab)
Table 135: CLI Enforcement Profiles (Attributes tab)
Container
Description
Target
Device
Enter the device on which the CLI commands are executed. Typically, this is the edge
device on which the user/endpoint connected (%{Connection:NAD-IP-Address}).
Command
Multiple commands (separated by a new line) that are executed on the target device.
Agent Enforcement Profiles
Agent Enforcement Profiles contain attribute-value pairs related to enforcement actions sent to Aruba OnGuard Agent.
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Figure 213 Agent Enforcement Profile (Attributes Tab)
Table 136: Agent Enforcement Profiles (Attributes tab)
Container
Description
Bounce Client
If checked, the endpoint is bounced by the OnGuard agent (this feature is only
available with the persistent agent)
Message
A custom message to send to the endpoint.
Session Timeout (in
seconds)
Timeout after which the OnGuard agent forces a reauthentication on the endpoint.
Post Authentication Enforcement Profiles
Post Authentication Enforcement Profiles contain combinations of type, attribute names, and values related to post
authentication. You can add more context to a user who is authenticated earlier and this information is used for
subsequent requests. Two post authentication profiles are provided:
l
Entity Update Enforcement
l
Session Restrictions Enforcement
Figure 214 Post Authentication Enforcement Profiles
This figure illustrates rules for the two sample profiles:
A— ClearPass Entity Update Enforcement, B—Session Restrictions Enforcement
Table 137: Post Authentication Enforcement Profiles
Enforcement
Profile
Template
A—
ClearPassEntity
Update
Enforcement
220
Description
Enforcement profile template used to update tags in endpoints and guest users.
Type is any endpoint, guest user, or a session update.
Name is the name of an attribute associated with an endpoint, guest user, or a
session update. If the type is session update, the tags are updated for either an
endpoint or a guest user.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Enforcement
Profile
Template
Description
Value is the value of the attribute.
B—Session
Restrictions
Enforcement
Enforcement profile template used to restrict users based on bandwidth usage and
also disconnect users when the specified limits are crossed.
Type is any post authentication check or session check that is applicable to the user.
Name is the name of any specific check related the selected Type.
Value is the value of the attribute.
For example, if Bandwidth-Check is selected as the Type, you can select Start-Date
from the Name drop-down list, and specify the start date in the Value field.
If you have configured to disconnect users or devices that exceed bandwidth or session related limits, then the users or
devices that exceed the specified limit get added to the blacklist user repository. You must add the Blacklist User
Repository as an authentication source so that such users are denied access. For information on configuring
Authentication Sources, refer to Adding and Modifying Authentication Sources
Configuring Enforcement Policies
One and only one Enforcement Policy can be associated with each Service.
From the Services page (Configuration > Service), you can configure enforcement policy for a new service (as part of
the flow of the Add Service wizard), or modify an existing enforcement policy (Configuration > Enforcement >
Enforcement Policies, then click on its name in the Enforcement Policies listing page).
Figure 215 Enforcement Policies Listing Page
When you click Add Enforcement Policy, Policy Manager displays the Add Enforcement Policy wizard page:
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221
Figure 216 Add Enforcement Policy (Enforcement tab)
Table 138: Add Enforcement Policy (Enforcement tab)
Parameter
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Type
Select: RADIUS, TACACS+, WebAuth (SNMP/CLI) or Application. Based on this
selection, the Default Profile list shows the right type of enforcement profiles in the
dropdown list (See Below).
NOTE: Web-based Authentication or WebAuth (HTTPS) is the mechanism used by
authentications performed via a browser, and authentications performed via Aruba
OnGuard. Both SNMP and CLI (SSH/Telnet) based Enforcement Profiles can be sent
to the network device based on the type of device and the use case.
Default Profile
An Enforcement Policy applies Conditions (roles, health and time attributes) against
specific values associated with those attributes to determine the Enforcement Profile.
If none of the rules matches, Policy Manager applies the Default Profile.
Click Add new Enforcement Profile to add a new profile (This is integrated into the
flow. Once you are done creating the profile, Policy Manager brings you back to the
current page/tab.)
In the Rules tab, click New Rule to display the Rules Editor:
Figure 217 Add Enforcement Policy (Rules Tab)
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Figure 218 Add Enforcement Policy (Rules Editor)
Table 139: Add Enforcement Policy (Rules tab)
Field
Description
Add/Edit Rule
Bring up the rules editor to add/edit a rule.
Move Up/Down
Reorder the rules in the enforcement policy.
Remove Rule
Remove a rule.
Table 140: Add Enforcement Policy (Rules Editor)
Field
Description
Conditions/Enforcement
Profiles
Select conditions for this rule. For each condition, select a matching action
(Enforcement Profile).
NOTE: A condition in an Enforcement Policy rule can contain attributes from
the following namespaces: Tips:Role, Tips:Posture, and Date.
NOTE: The value field for the Tips:Role attribute can be a role defined in
Policy Manager, or a role fetched from the authorization source. (Refer to to
see how Enable as Role can be turned on for a fetched attribute). Role names
fetched from the authorization source can be entered freeform in value field.
To commit the rule, click Save.
Enforcement Profiles
If the rule conditions match, attributes from the selected enforcement profiles
are sent to Network Access Device. If a rule matches and there are multiple
enforcement profiles, the enforcement profile disambiguation rules apply.
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Chapter 18
Network Access Devices
A Policy Manager Device represents a Network Access Device (NAD) that sends network access requests to Policy
Manager using the supported RADIUS, TACACS+, or SNMP protocol.
Refer to the following sections:
l
"Adding and Modifying Devices " on page 225
l
"Adding and Modifying Device Groups " on page 229
l
"Adding and Modifying Proxy Targets " on page 231
Adding and Modifying Devices
To connect with Policy Manager using the supported protocols, a NAD must belong to the global list of devices in the
Policy Manager database.
Policy Manager lists all configured devices in the Devices page: Configuration > Network > Devices. From this
interface:
Figure 219 Network Devices page
Adding a Device
To add a device, click the Add Device link, and then complete the fields in the Add Device popup. The tabs and
fields are described in the images that follow.
Figure 220 Device tab
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225
Table 141: Device tab
Container
Description
Name/ Description
Specify identity of the device.
IP Address or
Subnet
Specify the IP address or the subnet (E.g., 192.168.5.0/24) of the device.
RADIUS/TACACS+
Shared Secret
Enter and confirm a Shared Secret for each of the two supported request protocols.
Vendor
Optionally, specify the dictionary to be loaded for this device.
NOTE: RADIUS:IETF, the dictionary containing standard the set of RADIUS
attributes, is always loaded.
When you specify a vendor here, the RADIUS dictionary associated with this
vendor is automatically enabled.
Enable RADIUS
CoA
RADIUS CoA Port
Enable RADIUS Change of Authorization (RFC 3576/5176) for this device.
Set the UDP port on the device to send CoA actions. Default value is 3799.
Attributes
Add custom attributes for this device. Click on the “Click to add...” row to add
custom attributes. By default, four custom attributes appear in the Attribute
dropdown: Location, OS-Version, Device-Type, Device-Vendor. You can enter any
name in the attribute field. All attributes are of String datatype. The value field can
also be populated with any string. Each time you enter a new custom attribute, it is
available for selection in Attribute dropdown for all devices.
NOTE: All attributes entered for a device are available in the role mapping rules
editor under the Device namespace.
Add/Cancel
Click Add to commit or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
Figure 221 SNMP Read/Write Settings tabs
Figure 222 SNMP Read/Write Settings tabs - SNMP v3 Details
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ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Table 142: SNMP Read/Write Settings tabs
Container
Description
Allow SNMP
Read/Write
Toggle to enable/disable SNMP Read/Write.
Default VLAN
(SNMP Write
only)
VLAN port setting after SNMP-enforced session expires.
SNMP
Read/Write
Setting
SNMP settings for the device.
Community
String (SNMP
v2 only)
Force Read
(SNMP v1
and v2 only)
Enable this setting to ensure that all CPPM nodes in the cluster read SNMP information
from this device regardless of the trap configuration on the device. This option is
especially useful when demonstrating static IP-based device profiling because this does
not require any trap configuration on the network device.
Read ARP
Table Info
Enable this setting if this is a Layer 3 device, and you intend to use the ARP table on this
device as a way to discover endpoints in the network. Static IP endpoints discovered this
way are further probed via SNMP to profile the device.
Username
(SNMP v3
only)
Admin user name to use for SNMP read/write operations
Authentication
Key (SNMP
v3 only)
SNMP v3 with authentication option (SHA & MD5)
Privacy Key
(SNMP v3
only)
SNMP v3 with privacy option
Privacy
Protocol
(SNMP v3 w/
privacy only)
Add/Cancel
Choose one of the available privacy protocols:
DES-CBC
l AES-128
l
Click Add to commit or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
In large or geographically spread cluster deployments you do not want all CPPM nodes to probe all SNMP configured
devices. The default behavior is for a CPPM node in the cluster to read network device information only for devices
configured to send traps to that CPPM node.
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227
Figure 223 CLI Settings tab
Table 143: CLI Settings tab
Container
Description
Allow CLI Access
Toggle to enable/disable CLI access.
Access Type
Select SSH or Telnet. Policy Manager uses this access method to log into the
device CLI.
Port
SSH or Telnet TCP port number.
Username/Password
Credentials to log into the CLI.
Username Prompt
Regex
Regular expression for the username prompt. Policy Manager looks for this
pattern to recognize the telnet username prompt.
Password Prompt
Regex
Regular expression for the password prompt. Policy Manager looks for this
pattern to recognize the telnet password prompt.
Command Prompt
Regex
Regular expression for the command line prompt. Policy Manager looks for this
pattern to recognize the telnet command line prompt.
Enable Prompt
Regex
Regular expression for the command line "enable" prompt. Policy Manager looks
for this pattern to recognize the telnet command line prompt.
Enable Password
Credentials for "Enable" in the CLI
Add/Cancel
Click Add to commit or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
Additional Available Tasks
l
228
To import a device, click Import Devices. In the Import from File popup, browse to select a file, and then click
Import. If you entered a secret key to encrypt the exported file, enter the same secret key to import the device back.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
l
To export all devices from the configuration, click Export Devices. In the Export to File popup, specify a file path,
and then click Export. In the Export to File popup, you can choose to encrypt the exported data with a key. This
protects data such as shared secret from being visible in the exported file. To import it back, you specify the same
key that you exported with.
l
To export a single device from the configuration, select it (via the check box on the left), and then click Export. In
the Save As popup, specify a file path, and then click Export.
l
To delete a single device from the configuration, select it (via the check box on the left), and then click Delete.
Commit the deletion by selecting Yes; dismiss the popup by selecting No.
Adding and Modifying Device Groups
Policy Manager groups devices into Device Groups, which function as a component in Service and Role Mapping
rules. Device Groups can also be associated with Enforcement Profiles; Policy Manager sends the attributes associated
with these profiles only if the request originated from a device belonging to the device groups.
Administrators configure Device Groups at the global level. They can contain the members of the IP address of a
specified subnet (or regular expression-based variation), or devices previously configured in the Policy Manager
database.
Policy Manager lists all configured device groups in the Device Groups page: Configuration > Network > Device
Groups.
Figure 224 Device Groups Page
To add a Device Group, click Add Device Group. Complete the fields in the Add New Device Group popup:
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
229
Figure 225 Add New Device Group Popup
Table 144: Add New Device Group popup
230
Container
Description
Name/
Description/
Format
Specify identity of the device.
Subnet
Enter a subnet consisting of network address and the network suffix (CIDR
notation); for example, 192.168.5.0/24
Regular
Expression
Specify a regular expression that represents all IPv4 addresses matching that
expression; for example, ^192(.[0-9]*){3}$
List:
Available/Selected
Devices
Use the widgets to move device identifiers between Available and Selected. Click
Filter to filter the list based on the text in the associated text box.
Save/Cancel
Click Save to commit or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
For SNMP enforcement on the network device, one or more of the following traps have to be configured on the device:
Link Up trap, Link Down trap, MAC Notification trap. In addition, one or more of the following SNMP MIBs must be
supported by the device: RFC-1213 MIB, IF-MIB, BRIDGE-MIB, ENTITY-MIB, Q-BRIDGE-MIB, CISCO-VLANMEMBERSHIP-MIB, CISCO-STACK-MIB, CISCO-MAC-NOTIFICATION-MIB.
These traps and MIBs enable Policy Manager to correlate the MAC address, IP address, switch port, and switch
information.
Additional Available Tasks
l
To import a Device Group, click Import Device Groups; in the Import from File popup, browse to select a file,
then click Import.
l
To export all Device Groups from the configuration, click Export Devices; in the Export to File popup, specify a
file path, then click Export.
l
To export a single Device Group from the configuration, select it (using the check box on the left), then click
Export; in the Save As popup, specify a file path, then click Export.
l
To delete a single Device Group from the configuration, select it (using the check box on the left), then click
Delete; commit the deletion by selecting Yes. dismiss the popup by selecting No.
Adding and Modifying Proxy Targets
In Policy Manager, a proxy target represents a RADIUS server (Policy Manager or third party) that is the target of a
proxied RADIUS request. For example, when a branch office employee visits a main office and logs into the network,
Policy Manager assigns the request to the first Service in priority order that contains a Service Rule for RADIUS proxy
Services and appending the domain to the Username.
Proxy targets are configured at a global level. They can then used in configuring RADIUS proxy Services. (Refer to
"Policy Manager Service Types" on page 80.)
Policy Manager lists all configured proxy servers in the Proxy Servers page: Configuration > Network > Proxy
Servers.
Figure 226 Proxy Targets Page
Add a Proxy Target
To add a Proxy Target, click Add Proxy Target, and complete the fields in the Add Proxy Target popup. You can
also add a new proxy target from the Services page (Configuration > Service (as part of the flow of the Add Service
wizard for a RADIUS Proxy Service Type).
Figure 227 Add Proxy Target Popup
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Table 145: Add Proxy Target popup
Container
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label and description.
Hostname/Shared
Secret
RADIUS Hostname and Shared Secret.
Use the same secret that you entered on the proxy target (refer to your RADIUS
server configuration).
RADIUS
Authentication Port
Enter the UDP port to send the RADIUS request. Default value for this port is
1812.
RADIUS Accounting
Port
Enter the UDP port to send the RADIUS accounting request. Default value for
this port is 1813.
Additional Available Tasks
232
l
To import a Proxy Target, click Import Proxy Targets. In the Import from File popup, browse to select a file,
then click Import.
l
To export all Proxy Targets from the configuration, click Export Proxy Targets. In the Export to File popup,
specify a file path, and then click Export.
l
To export a single Proxy Target from the configuration, select it (check box on left), then click Export. In the Save
As popup, specify a file path, and then click Export.
l
To delete a single Proxy Target from the configuration, select it (via the check box on the left), and then click
Delete. Commit the deletion by selecting Yes. Dismiss the popup by selecting No.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Chapter 19
Administration
All administrative activities including server configuration, log management, certificate and dictionary maintenance,
portal definitions, and administrator user account maintenance are done from the Administration menus. The Policy
Manager Administration menu provides the following interfaces for configuration:
l
"Admin Users " on page 233
l
"Admin Privileges " on page 236
l
"Server Configuration" on page 240
l
"Log Configuration " on page 268
l
"Local Shared Folders " on page 270
l
"Application Licensing " on page 271
l
"SNMP Trap Receivers " on page 273
l
"Syslog Targets " on page 275
l
"Syslog Export Filters " on page 277
l
"Server Certificate " on page 284
l
"Messaging Setup " on page 281
l
"Endpoint Context Servers" on page 282
l
"Certificate Trust List " on page 289
l
"Revocation Lists " on page 290
l
"RADIUS Dictionaries " on page 291
l
"Posture Dictionaries " on page 292
l
"TACACS+ Services " on page 293
l
"Fingerprints " on page 294
l
"Attributes " on page 295
l
"Application Dictionaries" on page 298
l
"OnGuard Settings " on page 298
l
"OnGuard Portal " on page 300
l
"Update Portal " on page 302
Admin Users
The Policy Manager Admin Users menu Administration > Users and Privileges > Admin Users provides the
following interfaces for configuration:
l
"Add User" on page 234
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233
l
"Import Users " on page 235
l
"Export Users " on page 235
l
"Export " on page 235
Figure 228 Admin Users
Table 146: Admin Users
Container
Description
Add User
Opens the Add User popup form.
Import Users
Opens the Import Users popup form.
Export Users
Exports all users to an XML file.
Export
Exports a selected to an XML file.
Delete
Deletes a selected User.
Add User
Select the Add User link in the upper right portion of the page.
Figure 229 Add Admin User
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Table 147: Add Admin User
Container
Description
User ID
Name
Specify the identity and password for a new admin user.
Password
Verify Password
Privilege Level
Select Privilege Level:
Help Desk
l Super Administrator
l Network Administrator
l Receptionist
or any other custom privilege level
Add/Cancel
Add or dismiss changes.
Import Users
Select the Import Users link in the upper right portion of the page.
Figure 230 Import (Admin) Users
Table 148: Import (Admin) Users
Container
Description
Select file
Browse to select name of admin user import file.
Enter secret key for file (if any)
Enter the secret key used (while exporting) to protect the file.
Import/Cancel
Commit or dismiss import.
Export Users
Select the Export Users link from the upper right portion of the page.
The Export (Admin) Users link exports all (admin) users. Click Export. Your browser will display its normal Save As
dialog, in which to enter the name of the XML file to contain the export.
Export
Select the Export button on the lower right portion of the page.
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235
To export a user, select it (check box at left) and click Export. Your browser will display its normal Save As dialog, in
which to enter the name of the XML file to contain the export.
Admin Privileges
To view the available Admin Privileges, go to Administration > Users and Privileges > Admin Privileges.
Figure 231 Admin Privileges
See Custom Admin Privileges to create additional admin privileges and Exporting to export the definition
of one or more admin privileges.
Custom Admin Privileges
While ClearPass Policy Manager doesn't let you change the definition of the built-in admin privileges, you can create
and import custom ones. Customer admin privileges are defined in a specifically formatted XML file and then imported
into Policy Manager on the Admin Privileges page.
Create a Custom Admin Privilege
You will need a plain text or XML editor, not a word processor such as Microsoft Word, to create a custom admin
privilege.
To create a custom admin privilege
1. Using a plain text or XML editor (not a word processor such as Microsoft Word), create an XML file that defines a
privilege and its definition. (See the following sections for information on the XML structure, and privilege
definitions.)
2. Go to Administration > Users and Privileges > Admin Privileges.
3. Import the admin privilege file you created in step 1. See Importing for details.
The admin privilege is added to the list.
Admin Privilege XML Structure
Admin privilege files are XML files and have a very specific structure.
A header must be at the beginning of an admin privilege XML file and must be exactly:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
The root tag is TipsContents. It is a container for the data in the XML file and should look like this:
<TipsContents xmlns="http://www.avendasys.com/tipsapiDefs/1.0">
⋮
</TipsContents>
Following the TipsContents tag is an optional TipsHeader tag.
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ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
The actual admin privileges information is defined with the AdminPrivilege and AdminTask tags. You use one
AdminPrivilege tag for each admin privilege you want to define. The AdminPrivilege tag contains two
attributes: name and description. Inside the AdminPrivilege tag are one or more AdminTask tags, each one
defining a lace within the Policy Manager application that a user with that privilege can view or change. The
AdminTask tag contains one taskid attribute and a single AdminTaskAction tag. The AdminTaskAction tag
has one attribute, type, and it can contain one of two values, RO *read only) or RW (read/write) The basic structure:
<AdminPrivileges>
<AdminPrivilege name="" description="">
<AdminTask taskid="">
<AdminTaskAction type=""/>
</AdminTask>
<AdminTask taskid="">
<AdminTaskAction type=""/>
</AdminTask>
</AdminPrivilege>
</AdminPrivileges>
Admin Privileges and IDs
The following section lists the areas and sub-areas of the Policy Manager application and the associated taskid of each
one.
l
Dashboard: taskId="dnd"
l
Monitoring: taskId="mon"
n
l
Live Monitoring: taskId="mon.li"
n
Access Tracker: taskId="mon.li.ad"
n
Accounting: taskId="mon.li.ac"
n
Onguard Activity: taskId="mon.li.ag"
n
Analysis and TrendingL taskId="mon.li.sp"
n
Endpoint Profiles: taskId="mon.li.ep"
n
System Monitor: taskId="mon.li.sy"
n
Audit Viewer: taskId="mon.av"
n
Event Viewer: taskId="mon.ev"
n
Data Filters: taskId="mon.df"
Configuration: taskId="con"
n
Start Here (Services Wizard): taskId="con.sh"
n
Services: taskId="con.se"
n
Service Templates: taskId=”con.st”
n
Authentication: taskId="con.au"
n
n
Methods: taskId="con.au.am"
n
Sources: taskId="con.au.as"
Identity: taskId="con.id"
n
Single Sign-On: taskId=”con.id.sso”
n
Local Users: taskId="con.id.lu"
n
Guest Users: taskId="con.id.gu"
n
Onboard Devices: taskId="con.id.od"
n
Endpoints: taskId="con.id.ep"
n
Static Host Lists: taskId="con.id.sh"
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237
n
n
n
l
n
Roles: taskId="con.id.rs"
n
Role Mappings: taskId="con.id.rm"
Posture: taskId="con.pv"
n
Posture Policies: taskId="con.pv.in
n
Posture Servers: taskId="con.pv.ex"
n
Audit Servers: taskId="con.pv.au"
Enforcements: taskId="con.en"
n
Policies: taskId="con.en.epo"
n
Profiles: taskId="con.en.epr"
Network: taskID="con.nw"
n
Devices: taskId="con.nw.nd"
n
Device Groups: taskId="con.nw.ng"
n
Proxy Targets: taskId="con.nw.pr"
n
Policy Simulation: taskId="con.ps"
n
Profile Settings: taskId="con.prs"
Administration: taskId="adm"
n
n
n
n
n
n
User and Privileges: taskId="adm.us"
n
Admin Users: taskId="adm.us.au"
n
Admin Privileges: taskId="adm.us.ap"
Server Manager: taskId="adm.mg"
n
Server Configuration: taskId="adm.mg.sc"
n
Log Configuration: taskId="adm.mg.ls"
n
Local Shared Folders: taskId="adm.mg.sf"
n
Licensing: taskId="adm.mg.sf"
External Servers: taskId="adm.xs"
n
SNMP Trap Receivers: taskId="adm.xs.st"
n
Syslog Targets: taskId="adm.xs.es"
n
Syslog Export Filters: taskId="adm.xs.sx"
n
Messaging Setup: taskId="adm.xs.me"
Certificates: taskId="adm.cm"
n
Server Certificate: taskId="adm.cm.mc"
n
Trust List: taskId="adm.cm.ctl"
n
Revocation List: taskId="adm.cm.crl"
Dictionaries: taskId="adm.di"
n
RADIUS: taskId="adm.di.rd"
n
Posture: taskId="adm.di.pd"
n
TACACS+ Services: taskId="adm.di.td"
n
Fingerprints: taskId="adm.di.df"
n
Attributes: taskId="adm.di.at"
n
Applications: taskid=”adm.di.ad”
Agents and Software Updates: taskId="adm.po"
n
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Onguard Settings: taskId="adm.po.aas"
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
n
Guest Portal: taskId="adm.po.gp"
n
Software Updates: taskId="adm.po.es"
If you provide permission for an area, the same permission for all sub-areas is included by default. For
example, if you give RW permissions for Enforcements (con.en), you grant permissions for its sub-areas,
in this case, Policies (con.en.epo)and Profiles (con.en.epr), and you do not have to explicitly define the
same permission for those sub-areas.
Sample Admin Privilege XML
Read Only (RO) Privilege to all the sections (dnd, con, mon, adm)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<TipsContents xmlns="http://www.avendasys.com/tipsapiDefs/1.0">
<TipsHeader exportTime="Thu Jul 26 17:57:50 IST 2012" version="6.0"/>
<AdminPrivileges>
<AdminPrivilege name="Read-only Administrator" description="A read-only administrator is o
nly allowed to read all configuration elements">
<AdminTask taskid="con"> //Refers to Configuration
<AdminTaskAction type="RO"/>
</AdminTask>
<AdminTask taskid="dnd"> //Refers to DashBoard
<AdminTaskAction type="RO"/>
</AdminTask>
<AdminTask taskid="mon"> //Refers to Monitoring
<AdminTaskAction type="RO"/>
</AdminTask>
<AdminTask taskid="adm"> //Refers to Administration
<AdminTaskAction type="RO"/>
</AdminTask>
</AdminPrivilege>
</AdminPrivileges>
</TipsContents>
Only Read/Write access to Guest, Local and Endpoint Repository
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<TipsContents xmlns="http://www.avendasys.com/tipsapiDefs/1.0">
<TipsHeader exportTime="Thu Jul 26 17:57:50 IST 2012" version="6.0"/>
<AdminPrivileges>
<AdminPrivilege name="Read/Write Access to Guest, Local and Endpoint Repository" descripti
on="A read-only administrator is only allowed to read all configuration elements">
<AdminTask taskid="con.id.lu"> //Refers to Local Users Section
<AdminTaskAction type="RW"/>
</AdminTask>
<AdminTask taskid="con.id.gu"> //Refers to Guest Users Section
<AdminTaskAction type="RW"/>
</AdminTask>
<AdminTask taskid="con.id.ep"> //Refers to Endpoints Section
<AdminTaskAction type="RW"/>
</AdminTask>
</AdminPrivilege>
</AdminPrivileges>
</TipsContents>
Read/Write permissions to DashBoard/ Monitoring and ReadOnly permissions to Server Configuration
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<TipsContents xmlns="http://www.avendasys.com/tipsapiDefs/1.0">
<TipsHeader exportTime="Thu Jul 26 17:57:50 IST 2012" version="6.0"/>
<AdminPrivileges>
<AdminPrivilege name="Limited access permission" description="A read-only administrator is
only allowed to read all configuration elements">
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<AdminTask taskid="dnd"> //Refers to DashBoard
<AdminTaskAction type="RW"/>
</AdminTask>
<AdminTask taskid="mon"> //Refers to Monitoring
<AdminTaskAction type="RW"/>
</AdminTask>
<AdminTask taskid="adm.mg.sc"> //Refers to Server Configuration
<AdminTaskAction type="RO"/>
</AdminTask>
</AdminPrivilege>
</AdminPrivileges>
</TipsContents>
Server Configuration
The Policy Manager Server Configuration menu (Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration)
provides the following interfaces for configuration:
l
"Set Date/Time " on page 241
l
"Change Cluster Password " on page 242
l
"Manage Policy Manager Zones " on page 243
l
"NetEvents Targets" on page 244
l
"Virtual IP Settings" on page 244
l
"Make Subscriber " on page 245
l
"Upload Nessus Plugins " on page 246
l
"Cluster-Wide Parameters " on page 246
l
"Collect Logs " on page 250
l
"Backup " on page 252
l
"Restore" on page 253
l
"Shutdown/Reboot " on page 254
l
"Drop Subscriber " on page 254
Figure 232 Server Configuration
Clicking on the server row provides the following interfaces for configuration:
240
l
"System Tab " on page 254
l
"Services Control Tab " on page 257
l
"Service Parameters Tab " on page 257
l
"System Monitoring Tab " on page 264
l
"Network Tab" on page 266
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Set Date/Time
Navigate to Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration, and click on the Set Date and Time link.
This opens by default on the Date &Time tab.
Figure 233 Change Date and Time - Date & Time tab
Table 149: Change Date and Time - Date & Time tab
Container
Description
Date in yyyy-mmdd format
To specify date and time, use the indicated syntax. This is available only when
Synchronize time with NTP server is unchecked.
Time in hh:mm:ss
format
Synchronize Time
With NTP Server
To synchronize with a Network Time Protocol Server, enable this check box and
specify the NTP servers. Only two servers may be specified.
NTP Servers
After configuring the date and time, select the time zone on the Time zone on publisher tab. This displays a time zone
list alphabetical order. Select a time zone and click Save.
This option is only available on the publisher. To set time zone on the subscriber, select the specific server and set time
zone from the server-specific page.
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Figure 234 Time zone on publisher
Change Cluster Password
Navigate to Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration, and click on the Change Cluster Password
link.
Use this function to change the cluster-wide password.
Changing this password also changes the password for the CLI user - 'appadmin'.
Figure 235 Change Cluster Password
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Table 150: Change Cluster Password
Container
Description
New Password
Enter and confirm the new password.
Verify Password
Save/Cancel
Commit or dismiss changes.
Manage Policy Manager Zones
CPPM shares a distributed cache of runtime state across all nodes in a cluster. These runtime states include:
l
Roles and Postures of connected entities
l
Connection status of all endpoints running OnGuard
l
Endpoint details gathered by OnGuard Agent
CPPM uses this runtime state information to make policy decisions across multiple transactions.
In a deployment where a cluster spans WAN boundaries and multiple geographic zones, it is not necessary to share all
of this runtime state across all nodes in the cluster. For example, when endpoints present in one geographical area are
not likely to authenticate or be present in another area.
When endpoints present in one geographical area are not likely to authenticate or be present in another area, it is more
efficient from a network bandwidth usage and processing perspective to restrict the sharing of such runtime state to a
given geographical area.
You can configure Zones in CPPM to match with the geographical areas in your deployment. There can be multiple
Zones per cluster, and each Zone has a number of CPPM nodes that share runtime state.
Figure 236 Policy Manager Zones
Table 151: Policy Manager Zones
Container
Description
Name
Enter the name of the configured Policy Manager Zone.
Delete
Select the delete (trashcan) icon to delete a zone.
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NetEvents Targets
Netevents is a collection of details for various ClearPass Policy Manager such as users, endpoints, guests,
authentications, accounting details, and so on. This information is periodically posted to a server that is configured as
the NetEvents target.
If the ClearPass Insight feature is enabled on a ClearPass Policy Manager, it will receive netevents from all other server
nodes within the same CPPM cluster. If you want to post these details to any external server that can aggregate these
events or to an external dedicated ClearPass Insight server for multiple CPPM clusters, you have to configure an
external NetEvents Target.
Figure 237 NetEvents Targets
Table 152: NetEvents targets
Parameter
Description
Target URL
HTTP URL for the service that support POST and requires Authentication using
Username / Password.
NOTE: For an external Insight server, you may input https://<Insight-serverIP>/insight/netevents in Target URL
Username/Password
Credentials configured for authentication for the HTTP service that is provided in
the Target URL.
Reset
Reset the dialog.
Delete
Delete the information.
Virtual IP Settings
This configuration allows two nodes in a cluster to share a Virtual IP address. The Virtual IP address is
bound to the primary node by default. The secondary node takes over when the primary node is unavailable. Once the primary node becomes available again, the Virtual IP address is released to the primary.
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ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Figure 238 Virtual IP Settings
Table 153: Virtual IP Settings Parameters
Parameter
Description
Virtual IP
Enter the IP address you want to define as the virtual IP address.
Node
Select the servers to use as the primary and secondary nodes.
Interface
Select the interface on each server where virtual IP address should be bound.
Subnet
This value is automatically entered. you do not need to change it.
Enabled
Select the check box to enable the Virtual IP address.
Make Subscriber
In the Policy Manager cluster environment, the Publisher node acts as master. An Policy Manager cluster can contain
only one Publisher node. Administration, configuration, and database write operations may occur only on this master
node.
The Policy Manager appliance defaults to a Publisher node unless it is made a Subscriber node. Cluster commands can
be used to change the state of the node, hence the Publisher can be made a Subscriber. When it is a Subscriber, you
will not see this link.
Navigate to the Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration page, and click on the Make Subscriber
link.
Figure 239 Add Subscriber Node
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Table 154: Add Subscriber Node
Container
Description
Publisher IP
Specify publisher address and password. Note that the password
specified here is the password for the CLI user appadmin
Publisher Password
Restore the local log database
after this operation
Enable to restore the log database following addition of a subscriber
node.
Do not backup the existing
databases before this operation
Enable this check box only if you do not require a backup to the
existing database.
Upload Nessus Plugins
Navigate to the Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration page, and click on the Upload Nessus
Plugins link.
Figure 240 Upload Nessus Plugins
Table 155: Upload Nessus Plugins
Container
Description
Select File
Click Browse and select the plugins file with the extension tar.gz.
Enter secret for the
file (if any)
Always leave this blank.
Import/Cancel
Load the plugins, or dismiss. If there are a large number of plugins, the load time
can be in the order of minutes.
Cluster-Wide Parameters
Navigate to the Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration page, and click on the Cluster-Wide
Parameters link.
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Figure 241 Cluster-Wide Parameters dialog box, General tab
Figure 242 Cluster-Wide Parameters dialog box, Cleanup Interval tab
Figure 243 Cluster-Wide Parameters dialog box, Notification tab
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247
Figure 244 Cluster-Wide Parameters dialog box, Standby Publisher tab
Figure 245 Cluster-Wide Parameters dialog box, Virtual IP Configuration tab
Table 156: Cluster-Wide Parameters
Parameter
Description
General
248
Policy result
cache
cleanup
timeout
The number of minutes to store the role mapping and posture results derived by the
policy engine during policy evaluation. This result can then be used in subsequent
evaluation of policies associated with a service, if “Use cached Roles and Posture
attributes from previous sessions” is turned on for the service. A value of 0 disables
caching.
Maximum
inactive time
for an
endpoint
The number of days to keep an endpoint in the endpoints table since its last
authentication. If the endpoint has not authenticated for this period, the entry is removed
from the endpoint table. 0 specifies no time limit.
Auto backup
configuration
options
l
Free disk
space
threshold
value
This controls the percentage below which disk usage warnings are issued in the Policy
Manager Event Viewer. For example, a value of 30% indicates that a warning is issued if
only 30% or below of disk space is available.
l
l
Off - Do not perform periodic backups.
Config - Perform a periodic backup of only the configuration database.
Config|SessionInfo - Perform a backup of both the configuration database and the
session log database.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Parameter
Description
Free memory
threshold
value
This controls the percentage below which RAM usage warnings are issued in the Policy
Manager Event Viewer. For example, a value of 30% indicates that a warning is issued if
only 30% or below of RAM is available.
Profile
subnet scan
interval
Enter a value in hours.
Database
user
"appexternal"
password
For this connection to the database, enter the password for the "appexternal" username.
Endpoint
Context
Servers
polling
interval
Enter the number of minutes between polling of endpoint context servers. The default is
60.
Cleanup Intervals
Cleanup
interval for
session log
details in the
database
The Number of days to keep the following data in the Policy Manager DB: session logs
(found on Access Tracker), event logs (found on Event Viewer), machine authentication
cache.
Cleanup
interval for
information
stored on
disk
The Number of days to keep log files, etc., written to disk.
Known or
disabled
endpoints
cleanup
interval
This controls how often (in days) endpoints with a status of Known or Disabled are
cleaned up from the endpoints table.
Unknown
endpoints
cleanup
interval
This controls how often (in days) endpoints with a status of Unknown are cleaned up from
the endpoints table.
Expired
guest
accounts
cleanup
interval
This controls the cleanup interval of expired guest accounts; this is number of days after
expiry that the cleanup happens. No cleanup is performed if the value is 0.
Profiled
endpoints
cleanup
interval
Enter a value in days.
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Parameter
Description
Notifications
System Alert
Level
Alert notifications are generated for system events logged at this level or higher.
Selecting INFO generates alerts for INFO, WARN and ERROR messages. Selecting
WARN generates alerts for WARN and ERROR messages. Selecting ERROR generates
alerts for ERROR messages.
Alert
Notification
Timeout
This indicates how often (in hours) alert messages are generated and sent out. Selecting
‘Disabled” disables alert generation.
Alert
Notification eMail
Address
Comma separated list of email addresses to which alert messages are sent.
Alert
Notification SMS
Address
Comma separated list of SMS addresses to which alert messages are sent. For example,
4085551212@txt.att.net.
Standby Publisher
Enable
Publisher
Failover
Select TRUE to authorize a node in a cluster on the system to act as a publisher if the
primary publisher fails.
Designated
Standby
Publisher
Select the server in the cluster to act as the standby publisher.
Failover Wait
Time
Enter the number of minutes for the Secondary node to wait after Primary node failure
before it acquires the Virtual IP Address.The default is 10 minutes so the Secondary node
doesn't take over unnecessarily in conditions where the Primary node's unavailability is
brief, such as a restart.
Virtual IP Configuration
Fallover Wait
Time
Enter the number of seconds for the Secondary node to wait after Primary node failure
before it acquires the Virtual IP Address.The default is 10 seconds so the Secondary
node will take over and respond quickly to authentication access and requests.
Collect Logs
When you need to review performance or troubleshoot issues in detail, Policy Manager can compile and save
transactional and diagnostic data into several log files. These files are saved in Local Shared Folders and can be
downloaded to your computer.
To collect logs
1. Go to Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration,
2. Click Collect Logs. The Collect Logs dialog box appears.
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Figure 246 Collect Logs
3. Enter a filename and add the .tar.gz extension to the filename.
4. Select which types of logging information you want to collect:
n
System Logs
n
Logs from all Policy Manager services
n
Capture network packets for the specified duration. Use this with caution, and use this only when you want
to debug a problem. System performance can be severely impacted.
n
Diagnostic dumps from Policy Manager services
5. Enter the time period of the information you want to collect. Either:
n
Enter a number of days. The end of the time period will be defined as the moment you start the collection
and the beginning will be 24 hours multiplied by how many days you enter.
n
Click the Specify date range check box, then enter a Start date and End date in yyyy.mm.dd format.
6. Click Start.
You'll see the progress of the information collection. When finished:
7. Click Close to finish or click Download File to save the log file to your computer.
The following information is useful if you are attempting to open a capture file (.cap or .pcap) using WireShark. First,
untar or unzip the file (based on the file extension). When the entire file is extracted, navigate to the PacketCapture
folder. Within this folder, you will see a file with a .cap extension. WireShark can be used to open this file and study the
network traffic.
Viewing Log Files
Log files contain transactional and diagnostic data separated by information type into separate files. They are collected
into a single file using the .tar file format, then compressed into a .gz file using the GZip compression utility. You will
need an application that can read and unpack a GZip file to view the files in a log file.
Aruba Networks cannot recommend specific software for viewing the contents of files compressed with GZip.
To view log files
1. Open the file in software that can read and extract from GZip files.
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251
2. Extract the file in the .tar.gz file. The result will be a file with the .tar extension.
3. Open the .tar file and extract the files within it. The result will be a folder named the same as the .tar file.
Inside that folder, you will find another folder with a randomly generated name that begins with "tmp." Inside that
folder, you will find one folder for each of the 4 types of information you wanted to save. For example, if you selected
System logs and Diagnostic dumps, you will have folders with the name SystemLogs and DiagnosticDumps. Inside
each of those folders will be files containing various types of information. Some of those files are in additional subfolders.
Backup
Navigate to the Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration page, and click on the Back Up button.
Note that this action can also be performed using the "backup" CLI command
Figure 247 Backup Popup
Figure 248 Post-Backup Popup
Table 157: Back Up
Container
Description
Generate
filename
Enable to have Policy Manager generate a filename; otherwise, specify Filename.
Backup files are in the gzipped tar format (tar.gz extension). The backup file is
automatically placed in the Shared Local Folder under folder type Backup Files (See
"Local Shared Folders " on page 270).
Filename
Do not backup
log database
252
Select this if you do not want to backup the log database.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Container
Description
Do not backup
password
fields in
configuration
database
Select this if you do not want to backup password fields in configuration database.
Backup
databases for
installed
applications
Select this option if you want the backup to include databases for installed applications.
Restore
Navigate to the Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration page, and click on the Restore button.
Note that this action can also be performed using the "restore" CLI command.
Figure 249 Restore
Table 158: Restore
Container
Description
Restore file location
Select either Upload file to server or File is on server.
Upload file path
Browse to select name of backup file (shown only when Upload file to
server radio button is selected).
Shared backup files
present on the server
Select a file from the files in the local shared folders (See "Local Shared
Folders " on page 270). This is shown only when File on server radio
button is selected.
Restore configuration DB
Enable to include the configuration database in the restore.
Restore log DB (if it exists
in the backup).
Enable to include the log database in the restore.
Ignore version mismatch
and attempt data migration
This option must be checked when you are migrating configuration and/or
log data from a backup file that was created with a previous compatible
version.
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Container
Description
Restore cluster
server/node entries from
backup.
Enable to include the cluster server/node entries in the restore.
Do not backup the existing
databases before this
operation.
Enable this option if you do not want to backup the existing databases
before performing a restore.
Shutdown/Reboot
Navigate to the Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration page, and click on the Shutdown or
Reboot buttons to shutdown or reboot the node from the UI.
Drop Subscriber
Navigate to the Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration page, and click on the Drop Subscriber
button to drop a subscriber from the cluster. Note that this button is not seen in a single node deployment.
System Tab
Navigate to the Administration > Server Manager > Server Configuration page, and click on a server name in the
table. The Server Configuration form opens by default on the System tab.
Figure 250 Fig: System Tab
Table 159: Server Configuration System tab
254
Container
Description
Hostname
Hostname of Policy Manager appliance. It is not necessary to enter the fully qualified
domain name here.
Policy
Manager
Timezone
Select a previously configured timezone from the drop down menu. Click on the Policy
Manager Timezone link to add and edit timezones from within this page.
Enable Profile
Enable the profile to perform endpoint classifications.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Container
Description
Enable Insight
Enable the Insight reporting tool on this node. Note:
l When the admin enables the checkbox for Insight on a node in cluster, Admin will
automatically update the [Insight Repository] configuration to point to the
management IP of that server.
l When enabling the checkbox for other servers in the cluster, they will be added as
backups for the same auth source.
l The order of the primary and backup servers in the [Insight Repository] is the same
in which the user enables Insight on the server.
Management
Port: IP
Address
Management interface IP address. You access the Policy Manager UI via the
management interface.
Management
Port: Subnet
Mask
Management interface Subnet Mask
Management
Port: Default
Gateway
Default gateway for management interface
Data/External
Port: IP
Address
Data interface IP address. All authentication and authorization requests arrive on the
data interface.
Data/External
Port: Subnet
Mask
Data interface Subnet Mask
Data/External
Port: Default
Gateway
Default gateway for data interface
DNS: Primary
DNS
Primary DNS for name lookup
DNS:
Secondary
DNS
Secondary DNS for name lookup
AD Domains
Displays a list of joined active directory domains Select Join Domain to join an Active
Directory domain. See below.
Multiple Active Directory Domains
You can join CPPM to an Active Directory domain to authenticate users and computers that are members of an Active
Directory domain.
Users can then authenticate into the network using 802.1X and EAP methods, such as PEAP-MSCHAPv2, with their
own their own AD credentials.
Joining CPPM to an Active Directory domain creates a computer account for the CPPM node in the AD database.
If you need to authenticate users belonging to multiple AD forests or domains in your network, and there is no trust
relationship between these entities, then you must join CPPM to each of these untrusting forests or domains.
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There is no need to join CPPM to multiple domains belong to the same AD forest because a one-way trust relationship
exists between these domains. In thsi case, you join CPPM to the root domain.
Join Domain - Click on this button to join this Policy Manager appliance to an Active Directory domain.
Leave Domain - Click on this button to disassociate this Policy Manager appliance from an Active Directory domain.
For most use cases, if you have multiple nodes in the cluster, you must join each node to the same Active Directory
domain.
Figure 251 Join Active Directory Domain
Table 160: Join AD Domain
256
Container
Description
Domain
Controller
Fully qualified name of the Active Directory domain controller
Short
Name NETBIOS
name
(optional)
The short name or NETBIOS name of the domain. Enter this value only if this is different
from your regular Active Directory domain name. If this is different from your domain name
(usually a shorter name), enter that name here. Contact your AD administrator about the
NETBIOS name.
Note that if you enter an incorrect value for the NETBIOS name, you see a warning
message in the UI. If you see this warning message, leave the domain by clicking on the
Leave Domain button (which replaces the Join Domain button once you join the domain.
After leaving the domain, join again with the right NETBIOS name.
Domain
Controller
name
conflict
In some deployments (especially if there are multiple domain controllers, or if the domain
name has been wrongly entered in the last step), the domain controller FQDN returned by
the DNS query can be different from what was entered. In this case, you may:
l Continue to use the domain controller name that you entered
l Use the domain controller name returned by the DNS query
l Abort the Join Domain operation.
Use
default
domain
admin
user
Check this box to use the Administrator user name to join the domain
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Container
Description
User
Name
User ID of the domain administrator account
Password
Password of the domain administrator account
Services Control Tab
From the Services Control tab, you can view a service status and control (stop or start) Policy Manager services.
Figure 252 Services Control Tab
Service Parameters Tab
Navigate to the Service Parameters tab to change system parameters of the services.
Figure 253 Policy Server Service Parameters
Table 161: Service Parameters tab - Policy Server
Service
Parameter
Description
Machine
Authentication
Cache Timeout
This specifies the time (in seconds) for which machine authentication entries are
cached by Policy Manager
Authentication
Thread Pool Size
This specifies the number of threads to use for LDAP/AD and SQL connections.
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Service
Parameter
Description
LDAP Primary
Retry Interval
Once a primary LDAP server is down, Policy Manager connects to one of the backup
servers. This parameter specifies how long Policy Manager waits before it tries to
connect to the primary server again.
External Posture
Server Thread
Pool Size
This specifies the number of threads to use for posture servers.
External Posture
Server Primary
Retry Interval
Once a primary posture server is down, Policy Manager connects to one of the
backup servers. This parameter specifies how long Policy Manager waits before it
tries to connect to the primary server again.
Audit SPT
Default Timeout
Time for which Audit success or error response is cached in policy server.
Number of
request
processing
threads
Maximum number of threads used to process requests.
Audit Primary
Retry Interval
Once a primary audit server is down, Policy Manager connects to one of the backup
servers. This parameter specifies how long Policy Manager waits before it tries to
connect to the primary server again.
Audit IP Lookup
Session Timeout
Temporary session timeout returned for a request that triggers an audit, and Policy
Manager needs to lookup IP address for the MAC address of the host before
proceeding with audit
Figure 254 RADIUS Server Service Parameters
Table 162: Service Parameters tab - Radius server
Service
Parameter
Description
Proxy
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Service
Parameter
Description
Maximum
Response
Delay
Time delay before retrying a proxy request, if the target server has not responded
Maximum
Reactivation
Time
Time to elapse before retrying a dead proxy server
Maximum Retry
Counts
Maximum number of times to retry a proxy request if the target server doesn't respond
Security
Reject Packet
Delay
Delay time before sending an actual RADIUS Access-Reject after the server decides
to reject the request
Maximum
Attributes
Maximum number of RADIUS attributes allowed in a request
Process ServerStatus Request
Send replies to Status-Server RADIUS packets.
Main
Authentication
Port
Ports on which radius server listens for authentication requests. Default values are
1645, 1812
Accounting Port
Ports on which radius server listens for accounting requests. Default values are 1646,
1813
Maximum
Request Time
Maximum time allowed for a processing a request after which it is considered timed
out
Cleanup Time
Time to cache the response sent to a RADIUS request after sending it. If the RADIUS
server gets a duplicate request for which the response is already sent, the cached
response is resent if the duplicate request arrives within this time period.
Local DB
Authentication
Source
Connection
Count
Maximum number of Local DB DB connections opened
AD/LDAP
Authentication
Source
Connection
Count
Maximum number of AD/LDAP connections opened
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Service
Parameter
Description
SQL DB
Authentication
Source
Connection
Count
Maximum number of SQL DB
EAP - TLS
Fragment Size
Maximum size of the EAP-TLS fragment size.
Use Inner
Identity in
Access-Accept
Reply
Specify TRUE or FALSE
TLS Session
Cache Limit
Number of TLS sessions to cache before purging the cache (used in TLS based
802.1X EAP Methods)
Thread Pool
Maximum
Number of
Threads
Maximum number of threads in the RADIUS server thread pool to process requests
Number of Initial
Threads
Initial number of thread in the RADIUS server thread pool to process requests
EAP-FAST
Master Key
Expire Time
Lifetime of a generated EAP-FAST master key
Master Key
Grace Time
Grace period for a EAP-FAST master key after its lifetime. If a client presents a PAC
that is encrypted using the master key in this period after its TTL, it is accepted and a
new PAC encrypted with the latest master key is provisioned on the client
PACs are valid
across cluster
Whether PACs generated by this server are valid across the cluster or not
Accounting
Log Accounting
Interim-Update
Packets
Store the Interim-Update packets in session logs.
Figure 255 TACACS+ Service Parameters
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Table 163: Service Paramters tab - TACACS server
Service Parameter
Description
TACACS+ Profiles
Cache Timeout
This specifies the time (in seconds) for which TACACS+ profile result entries
are cached by Policy Manager
You can use the ClearPass system service parameters for PHP configuration as well as if all your http traffic flows
through a proxy server. Policy Manager relies on an http connection to the Aruba ClearPass update portal in order to
download the latest version information for posture services.
Figure 256 ClearPass System Services Parameters
Table 164: Service Parameters - ClearPass system services
Service Parameter
Description
PHP System Configuration
Memory Limit
Maximum memory that can be used by the PHP applications.
Form POST Size
Maximum HTTP POST content size that can be sent to the PHP
application.
File Upload Size
Maximum file size that can be uploaded into the PHP application.
Input Time
Time limit after which the server will detect no activity from the user
and will take some action.
Socket Timeout
Maximum time for any socket connections.
Enable zlib output compression
Setting to compress the output files.
Include PHP header in web
server response
Setting to include PHP header in the HTTP responses.
HTTP Proxy
Proxy Server
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Hostname or IP address of the proxy server
261
Service Parameter
Description
Port
Port at which the proxy server listens for HTTP traffic
Username
Username to authenticate with proxy server
Password
Password to authenticate with proxy server
The ClearPass Network Services parameters aggregate service parameters from the following services:
l
DhcpSnooper Service
l
Snmp Service
l
WebAuth Service
l
Posture Service
Figure 257 ClearPass Network Services Parameters
Table 165: Service Parameters - ClearPass network services
Service
Parameters
Description
DhcpSnooper
MAC to IP
Request Hold
time
Number of seconds to wait before responding to a query to get IP address
corresponding to a MAC address. Any DHCP message received in this time period will
refresh the MAC to IP binding. Typically, audit service will request for a MAC to IP
mapping as soon the RADIUS request is received, but the client may take some more
time receive and IP address through DHCP. This wait period takes into account the
latest DHCP IP address that the client got
DHCP
Request
Probation
Time
Number of seconds to wait before considering the MAC to IP binding received in a
DHCPREQUEST message as final. This wait would handle cases where client receives
a DHCPNAK for a DHCPREQUEST and receives a new IP address after going through
the DHCPDISCOVER process again
SnmpService
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Service
Parameters
Description
SNMP
Timeout
Seconds to wait for an SNMP response from the network device
SNMP Retries
Number of retries for SNMP requests
LinkUp
Timeout
Seconds to wait before processing link-up traps. If a MAC notification trap arrives in this
time, SNMP service will not try to poll the switch for MAC addresses behind a port for
link-up processing
IP Address
Cache
Timeout
Duration in seconds for which MAC to IP lookup response is cached
Uplink Port
Detection
Threshold
Limit for the number of MAC addresses found behind a port after which the port is
considered an uplink port and not considered for SNMP lookup and enforcement
SNMP v2c
Trap
Community
Community string that must be checked in all incoming SNMP v2 traps
SNMP v3
Trap
Username
SNMP v3 Username to be used for all incoming traps
SNMP v3
Trap
Authentication
Protocol
SNMP v3 Authentication protocol for traps. Must be one of MD5, SHA or empty (to
disable authentication)
SNMP v3
Trap Privacy
Protocol
SNMP v3 Privacy protocol for traps. Must be one of DES_CBC, AES_128 or empty (to
disable privacy)
SNMP v3
Trap
Authentication
Key
SNMP v3 authentication key and privacy key for incoming traps
SNMP v3
Trap Privacy
Key
Device Info
Poll Interval
This specifics the time (in minutes) between polling for device information.
PostureService
Audit Thread
Pool Size
This specifies the number of threads to use for connections to audit servers.
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Service
Parameters
Description
Audit Result
Cache
Timeout
This specifies the time (in seconds) for which audit result entries are cached by Policy
Manager
Audit Host
Ping Timeout
This specifies the number of seconds for which Policy Manager pings an end-host
before giving up and deeming the host to be unreachable.
WebAuthService
Max time to
determine
network
device where
client is
connected
In some usage scenarios where the web authentication request does not originate from
the network device. Policy Manager has to determine the network device to which the
client is connect through an out-of-band SNMP mechanism. The network device
deduction can take some time. This parameter specifies the maximum time to wait for
Policy Manager to determine the network device to which the client is connected.
Figure 258 System Monitor Service Parameters
Table 166: Services Parameters tab - System monitor service
Service
Parameter
Description
Free Disk
Space
Threshold
This parameter monitors the available disk space. If the available disk free space falls
below the specified threshold (default 30%), then system sends SNMP traps to the
configured trap servers.
1 Min CPU
load
average
Threshold
These parameters monitor the CPU load average of the system, specifying thresholds for
1-min, 5-min and 15-min averages, respectively. If any of these loads exceed the
associated maximum value, then system sends traps to the configured trap servers.
5 Min CPU
load
average
Threshold
15 Min
CPU load
average
Threshold
System Monitoring Tab
Navigate to the System Monitor tab to configure the SNMP parameters. This ensures that external Management
Information Base (MIB) browsers can browse the system level MIB objects exposed by the Policy Manager appliance.
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Figure 259 System Monitoring Tab
Table 167: System Monitoring tab details
Service Parameter
Description
System Location/System
Contact
Policy Manager appliance location and contact information
SNMP Configuration:
Version
V1, V2C or V3
SNMP Configuration:
Community String
Read community string.
SNMP Configuration:
SNMP v3: Username
Username to use for SNMP v3 communication
SNMP Configuration:
SNMP v3: Security
Level
One of NOAUTH_NOPRIV (no authentication or privacy), AUTH_NOPRIV
(authenticate, but no privacy), AUTH _PRIV (authenticate and keep the
communication private)
SNMP Configuration:
SNMP v3:
Authentication Protocol
Authentication protocol (MD5 or SHA) and key
SNMP Configuration:
SNMP v3:
Authentication key
SNMP Configuration:
SNMP v3: Privacy
Protocol
Privacy protocol (DES or AES) and key
SNMP Configuration:
SNMP v3: Privacy Key
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Network Tab
Navigate to the Network tab to create GRE tunnels and VLANs related to guest users and to control
what applications have access to the node..
Figure 260 Network Interfaces Tab
Creating GRE tunnels
The administrator can create a generic routing encapsulation (GRE) tunnel. This protocol can be used to
create a virtual point-to-point link over standard IP network or the internet.
Navigate to the Network tab and click Create Tunnel.
Figure 261 Creating GRE Tunnel
Table 168: Creating GRE Tunnel
266
Container
Description
Display Name
Optional name for the tunnel interface. This name is used to identify the tunnel in the list
of network interfaces.
Local Inner IP
Local IP address of the tunnel network interface.
Remote Outer
IP
IP address of the remote tunnel endpoint.
Remote Inner
IP
Remote IP address of the tunnel network interface.
Enter a value here to automatically create a route to this address through the tunnel.
Create/Cancel
Commit or dismiss changes.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Creating VLAN
Navigate to the Network tab and click Create VLAN.
Figure 262 Creating VLAN
Table 169: Creating VLAN Parameters
Parameter
Description
Physical
Interface
The physical port on which to create the VLAN interface. This is the interface through
which the VLAN traffic will be routed.
VLAN Name
Name for the VLAN interface. This name is used to identify the VLAN in the list of
network interfaces.
VLAN ID
802.1Q VLAN identifier. Enter a value between 1- 4094.
The VLAN ID cannot be changed after the VLAN interface has been created.
IP Address
IP address of the VLAN.
Netmask
Netmask for the VLAN.
Create/Cancel
Commit or dismiss changes.
Your network infrastructure must support tagged 802.1Q packets on the physical interface selected.VLAN ID 1 is often
reserved for use by certain network management components; avoid using this ID unless you know it will not conflict
with a VLAN already defined in your network.
Defining Access Restrictions
Use this function to define specific network resources and allow or deny them access to specific applications. You can create multiple definitions. Navigate to the Network tab and click Restrict Access.
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Figure 263 Restrict Access dialog box
Table 170: Restrict Access Parameters
Parameter
Description
Resource
Name
Select the applicvation you want to allow or deny access to.
Access
l
Network
Enter one or more hostnames, IP addresses, or UP subnets, separated by commas. The
devices defined by what you enter here will be either specifically allowed or specifically
denied access to the application you select.
Select:
Allow to define allowed access
l Deny to define denied access.
Log Configuration
The Policy Manager Log Configuration menu at Administration > Server Manager > Log Configuration provides
the following interface for configuration:
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Figure 264 Log Configuration (Services Level tab)
Table 171: Log Configuration (Services Level tab)
Container
Description
Select Server
Specify the server for which to configure logs. All nodes in the cluster appear in the drop
down list.
Select
Service
Specify the service for which to configure logs.
Module Log
Level
Settings
Enable this options to set the log level for each module individually (listed in decreasing
level of verbosity. For optimal performance you must run Policy Manager with log level
set to ERROR or FATAL):
l DEBUG
l INFO
l WARN
l ERROR
l FATAL
If this option is disabled, then all module level logs are set to the default log level.
Default Log
Level
This drop down is available if the Module Log Level Settings option is disabled. This
sets the default logging level for all modules. Available options include the following:
l DEBUG
l INFO
l WARN
l ERROR
l FATAL
Set this option first, and then override any modules as necessary.
Module
Name & Log
Level
If the Module Log Level Settings option is enabled, select log levels for each of the
available modules (listed in decreasing level of verbosity):
l DEBUG
l INFO
l WARN
l ERROR
l FATAL
Restore
Defaults/Save
Click Save to save changes or Restore Defaults to restore default settings.
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Figure 265 Log Configuration (System Level tab)
Table 172: Log Configuration (System Level tab)
Container
Description
Select Server
Specify the server for which to configure logs.
Number of
log files
Specify the number of log files of a specific module to keep at any given time. When a
log file reaches the specified size (see below), Policy Manager rolls the log over to
another file until the specified number of log files is reached; once this log files exceed
this number, Policy Manager overwrites the first numbered file.
Limit each log
file size to
Limit each log file to this size, before the log rolls over to the next file
Syslog Server
Syslog Port
Specify the syslog server and port number. Policy Manager will send the configured
module logs to this syslog server.
Service
Name
Enable
Syslog
Syslog Filter
Level
For each service, you can select the Enable Syslog check box and then override the
Syslog Filter level. The current Syslog Filter level is based on the default log level
specified on the Service Log Configuration tab.
Restore
Defaults/Save
Click Save to save changes or Restore Defaults to restore default settings.
Local Shared Folders
To view backup files, log files, and generated reports, navigate to Administration > Server Manager > Local Shared
Folders.
Select the specific folder from the Select folder drop-down list. Currently supported folder types are listed below:
l
Backup files - Database backup files backed up manually (tar.gz format)
l
Log files - Log files backed up via the Collect Logs mechanism (tar.gz format)
l
Generated Reports - Historical reports auto-generated on a configured schedule from the Reporting screens (PDF
and CSV formats)
l
Automated Backup files - Database backup files backed up automatically on a daily basis (tar.gz format)
Select any file in the list to download it to your local machine. The browser download box appears.
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Figure 266 Local Shared Folders
Application Licensing
The Administration > Server Manager > Licensing page shows all the licenses that have been activated for the entire
CPPM cluster. You mist have a ClearPass Policy Manager base license for every instance of the product. You can:
l
Adding a License
l
Activating an Application License
l
Updating a License
On a VM instance of CPPM, the permanent license must be entered.
These licenses are listed in the tables on the License Summary tab. There is one entry per server node in the cluster. All
application licenses are also listed on the Applications tab.
In this release, you can add and activate OnGuard, Guest, Onboard, and Enterprise application licenses. The Summary
section shows the number of purchased licenses for Policy Manager, OnGuard,Guest, and Onboard.
Figure 267 Licensing Page - License Summary tab
Figure 268 Licensing Page - Servers tab
If the number of licenses used exceeds the number purchased, you will see a warning four months after the number is
exceeded. The licenses used number is based on the daily moving average.
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Adding a License
You can add a license by clicking the Add License button on the top right portion of this page.
Figure 269 Add License dialog box
Table 173: Add a License
Container
Description
Product
Select a product from the drop down menu.
License
Key
Enter the license key for the new license.
Terms and
Conditions
Read the Terms and Conditions before adding a license. You must select the I agree to the
above terms and conditions check box to enable the Add button.
Activating an Application License
Adding an application license adds an Application tab on the Licensing page. Once you add or update an application
license, it must be activated.
To activate a license
1. Go to Administration > Server Manager > Licensing.
2. Click the Applications tab.
3. Click Activate in the Activation Status column.
4. Click OK.
Updating a License
Licenses typically require updating when they expire (for example, in the case of an evaluation license) or when
capacity exceeds its licensed amount. You update an application's license by entering a new license key.
To update a license
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1. Go to Administration > Server Manager > Licensing.
2. Click the Applications tab.
3. Click an application anywhere except in the Activation Status column. The Update License dialog box appears.
4. Enter the New License Key.
5. Read the Terms and Conditions, then select the I agree to the above terms and conditions check box.
6. Click Update.
SNMP Trap Receivers
Policy Manager sends SNMP traps that expose the following server information:
l
System uptime. Conveys information about how long the system is running
l
Network interface statistics [up/down]. Provides information if the network interface is up or down.
l
Process monitoring information. Check for the processes that should be running. Maximum and minimum number
of allowed instances. Sends traps if there is a change in value of maximum and minimum numbers.
l
Disk usage.Check for disk space usage of a partition. The agent can check the amount of available disk space, and
make sure it is above a set limit. The value can be in % as well. Sends traps if there is a change in the value.
l
CPU load information. Check for unreasonable load average values. For example if 1 minute CPU load average
exceeds the configured value [in percentage] then system would send the trap to the configured destination.
l
Memory usage. Report the memory usage of the system.
The Policy Manager SNMP Trap Configuration page at Administration > External Servers > SNMP Trap Receivers
provides the following interfaces for configuration:
l
"Add SNMP Trap Server " on page 274
l
"Import SNMP Trap Server " on page 275
l
"Export all SNMP Trap Servers " on page 275
l
"Export a Single SNMP Trap Server " on page 275
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Figure 270 SNMP Trap Receivers Listing Page
Table 174: SNMP Trap Receivers
Container
Description
Add Trap
Server
Opens the Add Trap Server popup.
Import Trap
Server
Opens the Import Trap Server popup.
Export Trap
Server
Opens the Export Trap Server popup.
Export
Opens the Export popup.
Delete
To delete an SNMP Trap Configuration, select it (using the check box at the left), and
then click Delete.
Add SNMP Trap Server
To add a trap server, navigate to Administration > External Servers > SNMP Trap Receivers and select the Add
SNMP Trap Server link.
Figure 271 Add SNMP Trap Server
Table 175: Add SNMP Trap Server fields
274
Container
Description
Host Address
Trap destination hostname or ip address.
NOTE: This server must have an SNMP trap receiver or trap
viewer installed.
Description
Freeform description.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Container
Description
SNMP Version
V1 or V2C.
Community String /Verify
Community String
Community string for sending the traps.
Server Port
Port number for sending the traps; by default, port 162.
NOTE: Configure the trap server firewall for traffic on this port.
Save/Cancel
Click Save to commit the configuration or Cancel to dismiss.
Import SNMP Trap Server
To import a trap server, navigate to Administration > External Servers > SNMP Trap Receivers and select the
Import SNMP Trap Server link.
Figure 272 Fig: Import SNMP Trap Server
Table 176: Import SNMP Trap Server
Container
Description
Select File
Browse to the SNMP Trap Server configuration file to be imported.
Enter secret for the file (if
any)
If the file was exported with a secret key for encryption, enter the same key
here.
Import/Cancel
Click Import to commit, or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
Export all SNMP Trap Servers
To export all SNMP trap servers, navigate to Administration > External Servers > SNMP Trap Receivers and select
the Export SNMP Trap Server link. This link exports all configured SNMP Trap Receivers. Click Export Trap
Server. Your browser will display its normal Save As dialog, in which to enter the name of the XML file to contain
the SNMP trap server configuration.
Export a Single SNMP Trap Server
To export a single SNMP trap servers, navigate to Administration > External Servers > SNMP Trap Receivers.
Select the SNMP Trap server that you want to export (using the check box at the left) and click the Export button in
the lower-right corner of the page. Your browser will display its normal Save As dialog, in which to enter the name of
the XML file to contain the export.
Syslog Targets
Policy Manager can export session data (seen in the Access Tracker), audit records (seen in the Audit Viewer) and
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event records (seen in the Event Viewer ). This information can be sent to one or more syslog targets (servers). You
configure syslog targets from this page.
The Policy Manager Syslog Targets page at Administration > External Servers > Syslog Targets provides the
following interfaces for configuration:
l
"Add Syslog Target " on page 276
l
"Import Syslog Target " on page 277
l
"Export Syslog Target " on page 277
l
"Export " on page 277
Figure 273 Syslog Target Listing Page
Table 177: Syslog Target Configuration
Container
Description
Add Syslog Target
Opens the Add Syslog Target popup.
Import Syslog Target
Opens the Import Syslog Target popup.
Export Syslog Target
Opens the Export Syslog Target popup.
Export
Opens the Export popup.
Delete
To delete a Syslog Target, select it (check box at left) and click Delete.
Add Syslog Target
To add a Syslog Target, navigate to Administration > External Servers > Syslog Targets and select Add Syslog
Target.
Figure 274 Add Syslog Target
Table 178: Add Syslog Target
276
Container
Description
Host Address
Syslog server hostname or IP address.
Description
Freeform description.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Container
Description
Server Port
Port number for sending the syslog messages; by default, port 514.
Save/Cancel
Click Save to commit the configuration or Cancel to dismiss.
Import Syslog Target
Navigate to Administration > External Servers > Syslog Targets and select Import Syslog Target.
Figure 275 Import Syslog Target
Table 179: Import from file
Container
Description
Select File
Browse to the Syslog Target configuration file to be imported.
Enter secret for the file (if
any)
If the file was exported with a secret key for encryption, enter the same key
here.
Import/Cancel
Click Import to commit, or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
Export Syslog Target
Navigate to Administration > External Servers > Syslog Targets and select the Export Syslog Target link.
The Export Syslog Target link exports all configured syslog targets. Click Export Syslog Target. Your browser will
display its normal Save As dialog, in which to enter the name of the XML file to contain the Syslog Target
configuration.
Export
Navigate to Administration > External Servers and select the Syslog Targets button.
To export a syslog target, select it (check box at left) and click Export. Your browser will display its normal Save As
dialog, in which to enter the name of the XML file to contain the export.
Syslog Export Filters
Policy Manager can export session data (seen in the Access Tracker), audit records (seen in the Audit Viewer) and
event records (seen in the Event Viewer ). You configure Syslog Export Filters to tell Policy Manager where to send
this information, and what kind of information should be sent (through Data Filters).
The Policy Manager Syslog Targets page at Administration > External Servers > Syslog Targets provides the
following interfaces for configuration:
l
"Add Syslog Filter " on page 278
l
"Import Syslog Filter " on page 280
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l
"Export Syslog Filter " on page 280
l
"Export " on page 280
Figure 276 Syslog Filters Listing page
Table 180: Syslog Export Filters Configuration
Container
Description
Add Syslog
Filter
Opens Add Syslog Filter page (Administration > External Servers > Syslog Export
Filters > Add).
Import Syslog
Filter
Opens Import Syslog Filter popup.
Export Syslog
Filter
Opens Export Syslog Filter popup.
Enable/Disable
Click the toggle button Enable/Disable to enable or disable the syslog filter.
Export
Opens Export popup.
Delete
To delete a Syslog Filter, select it (check box at left) and click Delete.
Add Syslog Filter
To add a Syslog Filter, navigate to Administration > External Servers > Syslog Filters > Add Syslog Filter. Refer to
the following image.
Figure 277 Add Syslog Filters (General tab)
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Table 181: Syslog Export Filters Configuration
Container
Description
Name/Description
Freeform label.
Export Template
Session Logs, Audit Records or System Events
Syslog Server
A drop down list shows all Syslog Targets configured. (Refer to "Add Syslog
Target " on page 276).
Modify/Add new
syslog target
Click to Modify the selected syslog target, or select the Add new syslog target link
to add a new syslog target.
Save/Cancel
Click Save to commit the configuration or Cancel to dismiss.
If you selected Session Logs as the export termplate in the General tab, a new tab Filter and Columns appears. In this
tab you specify the Data Filter (See Adding Data Filters) you want to use. Specifying a data filter filters the rows that
are sent to the syslog target. You may also select the columns that are sent to the syslog target.
This form provides two methods for configuring data filters. Option 1 allows you to choose from pre-defined field
groups and to select columns based on the Type. Option 2 allows you to create a custom SQL query. You can view a
sample template for the custom SQL by clicking the link below the text entry field.
We recommend that users who choose the Custom SQL method contact Support. Support can assist you with entering
the correct information in this template.
Figure 278 Add Syslog Filters (Filter and Columns tab)
Table 182: Add Syslog Filters (Filter and Columns tab)
Container
Description
Data Filter
Specify the data filter. The data filter limits the type of records sent to syslog target.
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Container
Description
Modify/
Add new
Data filter
Modify the selected data filter, or add a new one.
Columns
Selection
This provides a way to limit the type of columns sent to syslog.
There are Predfined Field Groups, which are column names grouped together for quick
addition to the report. For example, Logged in users field group seven pre-defined columns.
When you click Logged in users the seven columns automatically appear in the Selected
Columns list.
Additional Fields are available to add to the reports. You can select the type of attributes
(which are the different table columns available in the session database) from the Available
Columns Type drop down list. Policy Manager populates these column names by extracting
the column names from existing sessions in the session database. After you select a
column from the Available Columns Type, the columns appear in the box below. From here
you can click >> to add the selected column to the Selected Columns list. Click << to
remove a column from the Selected Columns list.
Import Syslog Filter
Navigate to Administration > External Servers > Syslog Filters > Import Syslog Filter.
Figure 279 Import Syslog Filter
Table 183: Import from File
Container
Description
Select File
Browse to the Syslog Filter configuration file to be imported.
Enter secret for the file (if
any)
If the file was exported with a secret key for encryption, enter the same key
here.
Import/Cancel
Click Import to commit, or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
Export Syslog Filter
Navigate to Administration > External Servers > Syslog Filters and select the Export Syslog Filter link.
The Export Syslog Filter link exports all configured syslog filters. Click Export Syslog Filter. Your browser will
display its normal Save As dialog, in which to enter the name of the XML file to contain the Syslog Filer
configuration.
Export
Navigate to Administration > External Servers > Syslog Filters and select Export button.
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To export a syslog filter, select it (check box at left) and click Export. Your browser will display its normal Save As
dialog in which to enter the name of the XML file to contain the export.
Messaging Setup
The Policy Manager Messaging Setup menu at Administration > Server Manager > Messaging Setup provides the
following interface for configuration:
Figure 280 Messaging Setup (SMTP Servers)
Table 184: Messaging Setup (SMTP Servers tab)
Container
Description
Select Server
Specify the server for which to configure messaging. All nodes in the
cluster appear in the drop down list.
Use the same settings for
sending both emails and SMSes
Check this box to configure the same settings for both your SMTP and
SMS email servers. This box is checked, by default.
Server name
Fully qualified domain name or IP address of the server.
Username/password
If your email server requires authentication for sending email
messages, enter the credentials here.
Default from address
All emails sent out will have this from address in the message.
Use SSL
Use secure SSL connection for communications with the server.
Port
This is TCP the port number that the SNMP server listens on.
Connection timeout
Timeout for connection to the server (in seconds).
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Figure 281 Messaging Setup (Mobile Service Providers tab)
Table 185: Messaging Setup (Mobile Service Providers tab)
Container
Description
Add
Add a mobile service provider
Provider Name
Name of the provider
Mail Address
Domain name of the provider
Endpoint Context Servers
Policy Manager provides the ability to collect endpoint profile information from different types of Aruba IAPs and
RAPs via Aruba activate. Policy Manager supports Aruba Activate, Palo Alto Networks' Firewall and Panorama, and
MDM (Mobile Device Management) from Aurwatch, JAMF, Maas360, MobileIron, and SOTI.
The mobile device management platforms run on MDM servers. These servers provision mobile devices to configure
connectivity settings, enforce security policies, restore lost data, and other administrative services. Information gathered
from mobile devices can include policy breaches, data consumption, and existing configuration settings.
Endpoint context servers are listed and managed at Administration > External Servers > Endpoint Context Servers.
Figure 282 Endpoint Context Servers
You can
282
l
Add an endpoint context server
l
Modify an endpoint context server
l
Importing
l
Exporting
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l
Delete an endpoint context server
Add an endpoint context server
l
To add an endpoint context server.
1. Go to Administration > External Servers > Endpoint Context Servers.
2. Click Add Context Server.
3. Select a Server Type. The server type will determine what other configuration options you will enter.
4. Enter the rest of the server configuration information. See Endpoint Context Server Configuration Details for more
information.
5. Click Save.
Modify an endpoint context server
To modify an endpoint server
1. Go to Administration > External Servers > Endpoint Context Servers.
2. Click the server name .
3. Make any desired changes. See Endpoint Context Server Configuration Details for more information.
4. Click Save.
Delete an endpoint context server
Deleting an endpoint context server just removes its configuration information from Policy Manager. If you think you
might want to add it again, export it before you delete it and save the configuration so you can just import it at a later
date.
To delete an endpoint context server
1. Go to Administration > External Servers > Endpoint Context Servers.
2. Click the check box next to the server name.
3. Click Delete.
4. Click Yes.
Endpoint Context Server Configuration Details
The following table explains each field used for configuring endpoint context servers.
Table 186: Endpoint Context Server Configuration Fields
Item
Description
Select Server Type
Select the type of server Several configuration options are specific to a server type.
Server Name
Enter a valid server name. This can be either a human-readable name, such as
yourserver.yourcompany.com, or an IP address.
Server Base URL
Enter the full URL for the server. The default is the name you entered above with
"https://" prepended., You can append a custom port, such as for an MDM server:
https://yourserver.yourcompany.com:customerportnumber.
Username/password
Enter the username and password (twice)for the server.
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Item
Description
Device Filter (Aruba
Activate)
This field is populated with a default regex to retrieve only the information of RAP
and IAP information.
Folder Filter (Aruba
Activate)
This field is set to "*" by default.
API Key (airwatch)
Customer ID (JAMF)
Group ID (SOTI)
Enter the values (provided by the vendor.
Application Access
Key
Application ID
Application Version
Platform ID
Billing ID
If you selected MaaS360 as the server type, then enter the access key, application
ID, version, platform ID, and billing ID associated with this MDM server. These
values are provided by the vendor.
Palo Alto Firewall
Names (Palo Alto
Networks)
Enter a valid Palo Alto firewall IP address or hostname.
UserID Post URL
(Palo Alto Networks)
This URL is automatically generated and used internally to post information to Palo
Alto firewall. It should not need to be changed.
Server Certificate
The Policy Manager Server Certificate menu at Administration > Certificates > Server Certificates provides the
following interfaces for configuration:
l
"Create Self-Signed Certificate " on page 285
l
"Create Certificate Signing Request " on page 286
l
"Export Server Certificate " on page 288
l
"Import Server Certificate " on page 288
Figure 283 Server Certificates
Table 187: Server Certificate
284
Container
Description
Create Self-Signed Certificate
Opens the Create Self-Signed Certificate popup.
Create Certificate Signing Request
Opens the Create Certificate Signing Request popup.
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Container
Description
Select Server
Select a server in the cluster for server certificate operations.
Export
Opens the Export popup.
Import
Opens the Import popup.
Create Self-Signed Certificate
Navigate to Administration > Certificates > Server Certificate and click the Create Self-Signed Certificate link.
This opens the Create Self-Signed Certificate form.
Figure 284 Create Self-Signed Certificate
After you click Submit, you will be prompted to install the self-signed certificate
Figure 285 Generated Self Signed Certificate
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Table 188: Create Self-Signed Certificate
Container
Description
Common
Name (CN)
Name associated with this entity. This can be a host name, IP address or other
meaningful name.
This field is required.
Organization
(O)
Name of the organization.
This field is optional.
Organizational
Unit (OU)
Name of a department, division, section, or other meaningful name.
This field is optional.
State (ST)
State, country, and/or another meaningful location.
These fields are optional.
Country (C)
Location (L)
Subject
Alternate
Name (SAN)
Alternative names for the specified Common Name. Note that if this field is used, then
SAN has to be in the form email:email_address, URI:uri, IP:ip_ address, dns:dns_name,
or rid:id.
This field is optional.
Private Key
Password
Specify and verify password.
This field is required.
Verify Private
Key Password
Key Length
Select length for the generated private key: 512, 1024 , or 2048.
Digest
Algorithm
Select message digest algorithm to use: SHA-1, MD5, and MD2.
Valid for
Specify duration in days.
Submit/Cancel
On submit, Policy Manager generates a popup containing the self-signed certificate.
Click on the Install button to install the certificate on the selected server.
NOTE: All services are restarted; you must relogin into the UI to continue.
Create Certificate Signing Request
Navigate to Administration > Certificates > Server Certificates and click on the Create Certificate Signing Request
link. This task creates a self-signed certificate to be signed by a CA.
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Figure 286 Create Certificate Signing Request
A generated certificate signing request displays after you click Submit. Copy the certificate and paste it into the Web
form as part of the enrollment process.
Figure 287 Generated Certificate Signing Request
Table 189: Create Certificate Signing Request
Container
Description
Common
Name (CN)
Name associated with this entity. This can be a host name, IP address or other
meaningful name.
This field is required.
Organization
(O)
Name of the organization.
This field is optional.
Organizational
Unit (OU)
Name of a department, division, section, or other meaningful name.
This field is optional.
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Container
Description
State (ST)
State, country, and/or another meaningful location.
These fields are optional.
Country (C)
Location (L)
Subject
Alternate
Name (SAN)
Alternative names for the specified Common Name. Note that if this field is used, then
SAN has to be in the form email:email_address, URI:uri, IP:ip_ address, dns:dns_name,
or rid:id.
This field is optional.
Private Key
Password
Specify and verify password.
This field is required.
Verify Private
Key Password
Key Length
Select length for the generated private key: 512, 1024 , or 2048.
Digest
Algorithm
Select message digest algorithm to use: SHA-1, MD5, and MD2.
Submit/Cancel
On submit, Policy Manager generates a popup containing the certificate signing request
for copying/pasting into the web form that you typically use to get the certificate signed
by a CA.
l To create a file containing the certificate signing request, click Download CSR File.
A .csr file is downloaded to your local computer.
l To download the generated private key file, click Download Private Key File.
NOTE: Make sure that you save the downloaded private key in a secure place.
Export Server Certificate
Navigate to Administration > Certificates > Server Certificates, and select the Export Server Certificate link. This link
provides a form that enables you to save the file ServerCertifcate.zip. The zip file has the server certificate (.crt file) and the
private key (.pvk file).
Import Server Certificate
Navigate to Administration > Certificates > Server Certificates, and select the Import Server Certificate link.
Figure 288 Import Server Certificate
Table 190: Import Server Certificate
288
Container
Description
Certificate File
Browse to the certificate file to be imported.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Container
Description
Private Key File
Browse to the private key file to be imported.
Private Key Password
Specify the private key password.
Import/Cancel
Click Import to commit, or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
Certificate Trust List
To display the list of trusted Certificate Authorities (CAs), navigate to Administration > Certificates > Certificate
Trust List. To add a certificate, click Add Certificate; to delete a certificate, select the check box to the left of the
certificate and then click Delete.
Figure 289 Certificate Trust List
Table 191: Certificate Trust List
Container
Description
Subject
The Distinguished Name (DN) of the subject field in the certificate
Validity
This indicates whether the CA certificate has expired.
Enabled
Whether this CA certificate is enabled or not.
To view the details of the certificate, click on a certificate row. From the View Certificate Details popup you can
enable the CA certificate. When you enable a CA certificate, Policy Manager considers the entity whose certificate is
signed by this CA to be trusted.
Add Certificate
Navigate to Administration > Certificates > Certificate Trust List and select the Add Certificate link.
Figure 290 Add Certificate
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Table 192: Add Certificate
Container
Description
Certificate File
Browse to select certificate file.
Add Certificate/Cancel
Click Add Certificate to commit, or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
Revocation Lists
To display available Revocation Lists, navigate to Administration > Certificates > Revocation Lists. To add a
revocation list, click Add Revocation List. To delete a revocation list, select the check box to the left of the list and
then click Delete.
Figure 291 Revocation Lists
Table 193: Revocation Lists
Container
Description
Add
Revocation
List
Click to launch the Add Revocation List popup.
Delete
To delete a revocation list, select the check box to the left of the list that you want to
delete and then click Delete.
Add Revocation List
Navigate to Administration > Certificates > Revocation Lists and select the Add Revocation List link.
Figure 292 Add Certificate Revocation List
Table 194: Add Revocation List
290
Container
Description
File
File enables the Distribution File option.
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Container
Description
Distribution
File
Specify the distribution file (e.g.,
C:/distribution/crl.verisign.com/Class3InternationalServer.crl) to fetch the certificate
revocation list.
URL
URL enables the Distribution URL option.
Distribution
URL
Specify the distribution URL (e.g., http://crl.verisign.com/Class3InternationalServer.crl) to
fetch the certificate revocation list.
Auto
Update
Select Update whenever CRL is updated to update the CRL at intervals specified in the
list. Or select Periodically update to check periodically and at the specified frequency (in
days).
RADIUS Dictionaries
RADIUS dictionaries are available on the Administration > Dictionaries > RADIUS. This page includes the list of
available vendor dictionaries.
Figure 293 RADIUS
Click on a row view the dictionary attributes, to enable or disable the dictionary, and to export the dictionary. For
example, click on vendor IETF to see all IETF attributes and their data type.
Figure 294 RADIUS IETF Dictionary Attributes
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Table 195: RADIUS Dictionary Attributes
Container
Description
Export
Click to save the dictionary file in XML format. You can make modifications to the
dictionary and import the file back into Policy Manager.
Enable/Disable
Enable or disable this dictionary. Enabling a dictionary makes it appear in the Policy
Manager rules editors (Service rules, Role mapping rules, etc.).
Import RADIUS Dictionary
You can add additional dictionaries using the Import too. To add a new vendor dictionary, navigate to Administration
> Dictionaries > RADIUS, and click on the Import Dictionary link. To edit an existing dictionary, export an existing
dictionary, edit the exported XML file, and then import the dictionary. To view the contents of the RADIUS
dictionary, sorted by Vendor Name, Vendor ID, or Vendor Prefix, navigate to: Administration > Dictionaries >
RADIUS.
Figure 295 Import RADIUS Dictionary
Table 196: Import RADIUS Dictionary
Container
Description
Select File
Browse to select the file that you want to import.
Enter secret for the file (if
any)
If the file that you want to import is password protected, enter the secret
here.
Posture Dictionaries
To add a new vendor posture dictionary, click on Import Dictionary. To edit an existing dictionary, export an existing
dictionary, edit the exported XML file, and then import the dictionary.
To view the contents of the Posture dictionary, sorted by Vendor Name, Vendor ID, Application Name, or Application
ID, navigate to: Administration > Dictionaries > Posture.
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Fig: Posture
Table 197: Posture
Container
Description
Import Dictionary
Click to open the Import Dictionary popup.
Click on a vendor row to see all the attributes and their data type. For example, click on vendor Microsoft/System
SHV to see all the associated posture attributes and their data type.
Figure 296 Fig: Posture Dictionary
Table 198: Posture Dictionary Attributes
Container
Description
Export
Click to save the posture dictionary file in XML format. You can make modifications to the
dictionary and import the file back into Policy Manager.
TACACS+ Services
To view the contents of the TACACS+ service dictionary, sorted by Name or Display Name, navigate to:
Administration > Dictionaries > TACACS+ Services.
To add a new TACACS+ service dictionary, click on the Import Dictionary link. To add or modify attributes in an
existing service dictionary, select the dictionary, export it, make edits to the XML file, and import it back into Policy
Manager.
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Figure 297 TACACS+ Services
Table 199: TACACS+ Services Dictionary
Container
Description
Import Dictionary
Click to open the Import Dictionary popup. Import the dictionary (XML file).
Export Dictionary
Export all TACACS+ services into one XML file containing multiple dictionaries
To export a specific service dictionary, select a service and click on Export.
To see all the attributes and their data types, click on a service row. For example, click on shell service to see all shell
service attributes and their data type.
Figure 298 Fig: Shell Service Dictionary Attributes
Fingerprints
The Device Fingerprints table shows a listing of all the device fingerprints recognized by the Profile module. These
fingerprints are updated from the Aruba ClearPass Update Portal (See "Update Portal " on page 302 for more
information.)
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Figure 299 Device Fingerprints
You can click on a line in the Device Fingerprints list to drill down and view additional details about the category.
Figure 300 Fig: Device Fingerprints
Attributes
The Administration > Dictionaries > Attributes page allows you to specify unique sets of criteria for LocalUsers,
GuestUsers, Endpoints, and Devices. This information can then be with role-based device policies for enabling
appropriate network access.
The Attributes page provides the following interfaces for configuration:
l
"Add Attribute " on page 296
l
"Import Attributes" on page 297
l
"Export Attributes" on page 297
l
"Export " on page 297
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295
Figure 301 Attributes page
Table 200: Attribute settings
Container
Description
Filter
Use the drop down menu to create a search based on the available Name, Entity, Data
Type, Is Mandatory, or Allow Multiple settings.
Name
The name of the attribute.
Entity
Shows whether the attribute applies to a LocalUser, GuestUser, Device, or Endpoint.
Data Type
Shows whether the data type is string, integer, boolean, list, text, date, MAC address, or
IPv4 address.
Is
Mandatory
Shows whether the attribute is required for a specific entity.
Allow
Multiple
Shows whether multiple attributes are allowed for an entity.
Add Attribute
To add a new Attribute dictionary, select Add Attribute in the upper right portion of the page.
Figure 302 Add Attributes
Enter information in the fields described in the following table. Click Add when you are done. To modify attributes in
an existing service dictionary, select the attribute, make any necessary changes, and then click Save.
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Table 201: Add Attribute settings
Container
Description
Entity
Specify whether the attribute applies to a LocalUser, GuestUser, Device, or Endpoint.
Name
Enter a unique ID for this attribute.
Data Type
Specify whether the data type is string, integer, boolean, list, text, date, MAC address, or
IPv4 address.
Is
Mandatory
Specify whether the attribute is required for a specific entity.
Allow
Multiple
Specify whether multiple attributes are allowed for an entity. Note that multiple attributes are
not permitted if Is Mandatory is specified as Yes.
Import Attributes
Select Import Attributes on the upper right portion of the page.
The imported file is in XML format. To view a sample of this XML format, export a dictionary file and open it in an
XML viewer.
Figure 303 Import from file
Table 202: Import from File settings
Container
Description
Select File / Enter
secret for the file
Browse to the dictionary file to be imported. Enter the secret key (if any) that
was used to export the dictionary.
Import/Cancel
Click Import to commit, or Cancel to dismiss the popup.
Export Attributes
Select Export Attributes on the upper right portion of the page to exports all attributes.
The Export Attributes button saves the file Attributes.zip. The zip file has the server certificate (.crt file) and the
private key (.pvk file).
Export
Select the Export button on the lower right side of the page.
To export just one attribute, select it (check box at left) and click Export. Your browser will display its normal Save
As dialog, in which to enter the name of the XML file to contain the export.
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Application Dictionaries
Application dictionaries define the attributes of the OnBoard and WorkSpacePolicy Manager applications and the type of each attribute. When Policy Manager is used as the Policy Definition Point (PDP),
it uses the information in these dictionaries to validate the attributes and data types sent in a WEB-AUTH
request.
You can
l
View an application dictionary
l
Delete an application dictionary
l
Importing
l
Exporting.
View an application dictionary
To view an application dictionary
1. Go to Administration > Dictionaries > Applications.
2. Click the name of an application. The Application Attributes dialog box appears.
Delete an application dictionary
In general, you should have no need to delete an application dictionary. They have no effect on Policy
Manager performance.
To delete an application dictionary
1. Go to Administration > Dictionaries > Applications.
2. Click the check box next to an application name.
3. Click Delete.
OnGuard Settings
Navigate to the Administration > Agents and Software Updates> OnGuard Settings page.
Use this page to configure the agent deployment packages. Once the configuration is saved, agent deployment
packages are created for Windows and Mac OS X operating systems and placed at a fixed URL on the Policy Manager
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appliance. This URL can then be published to the user community. The agent deployment packages can also be
downloaded to another location.
Figure 304 OnGuard Settings
Table 203: OnGuard Settings
Container
Description
Global Agent
Settings
Configure global parameters for OnGuard agents. Parameters include the
following:
l CacheCredentialsForDays : Select the number of days the user credentials
should be cached on OnGuard agents.
l WiredAllowedSubnets : Add a comma-separated list of IP or subnet
addresses.
l WirelessAllowedSubnets : Add a comma-separated list of IP or subnet
addresses
l KeepAliveIntervalSeconds : Add a keep alive interval for OnGuard agents
l EnableClientLoadBalance : Enable this option to load balance OnGuard
authentication requests across ClearPass Policy Servers in a cluster
l AllowRemoteDesktopSession : Enable this option to allow OnGuard access
via a Remote Desktop session.
l HideLogoutButton : Enable this option to hide the Logout button.
Policy Manager
Zones
Configure the network (subnet) for a Policy Manager Zone
Agent Version
Current agent version.
Agent Installers
The URLs for the different agent deployment packages for Windows and Mac OS.
Managed Interfaces
Select the type of interfaces that OnGuard will manage on the endpoint.
Mode
Select one of:
Authenticate - no health checks.
l Check health - no authentication. OnGuard does not collect
username/password.
l Authenticate with health checks. OnGuard collects username/password and
also performs health checks on the endpoint.
l
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299
Container
Description
Username/Password
text
The label for the username/password field on the OnGuard agent. This setting is
not valid for the “Check health - no authentication” mode.
Client certificate
check
Enable to also perform client certificate based authentication. OnGuard extracts
the client certificate from the logged in user’s certificate store and presents this in
the TLS exchange with Policy Manager.
Agent action when
an update is
available
This setting determines what the agent does when an update is available.
Options are Ignore, Download Installer, Notify User.
URL
In a captive portal scenario, the network device presents a captive portal page
prior to user authentication. This portal page is presented when the user browses
to a URL that is not authorized to be accessed prior to authentication. Enter such
a URL here.
Save/Cancel
Commit the update information and generate new deployment packages.
OnGuard Portal
Navigate to the Administration > Agents and Software Updates> OnGuard Portal page.
Click on any of the four editable sections of this page to customize the content for your enterprise:
Figure 305 OnGuard Portal
Figure 306 OnGuard Portal parameters
300
Parameter
Description
Global Portal
Settings
Attribute names and value configuration for the portal.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Parameter
Description
l
l
l
UsernameFormat: Format of username sent in authentication requests. This
can be used in service rules (Authentication:Full-Username attribute) to write
different service rules for different portals.
SharedSecret: Secret shared with a Wireless Controller (for example, Xirrus
Wireless Controller) when Policy Manager is configured as an external
captive portal on the network device.
ShowOriginalPageRedirectLink: Show a link that will take the user to the
original page (prior to being redirected to the captive portal).
Name
Name is ‘default’.
Portal URL
This is the URL that presents the OnGuard portal page. (Note that this is
automatically generated by Policy Manager).
Select Mode
Select from the following for different modes of the portal:
Authenticate - no health validation (HTML Form) - Policy Manager presents a
simple HTML form with the username and password. Health credentials are
not collected from the client.
l Authenticate - no health validation (Java Applet) - Policy Manager presents
an applet based form with the username and password. Health credentials
are not collected from the client. Note that, the Java applet collects the MAC
address of all interfaces on the client. In the case of a simple HTML form,
Policy Manager would have to perform the extra step of DHCP snooping to
collect the MAC address of the client.
l Check Health - no authentication (Java applet) - Username/password are not
collected. Health is evaluated via a Java applet.
l Authenticate with health checks (Java Applet) - Policy Manager prompts the
user for username and password, and also collects client health credentials
by means of a Java applet downloaded to the page.
l Authenticate with optional health checks (Dual mode) - User is presented
with a simple HTML form. User can choose to load the Java applet by clicking
on a link on this page; the java applet (dissolvable agent) also collects health
information.
l No Authentication and no health checks (HTML form) - User is presented
with a simple HTML form for the username, which is hidden.
l
Authentication
Details
Click within the Enter Authentication Details field to enter credential details.
NOTE: This section only appears for modes that require authentication.
Username/Password
label
Click on the Username/Password labels (D) to change the respective label
strings.
Usage Terms Text
Select this check box to display the terms and conditions of use.
Resource Files
Click on Upload link to upload a zipped archive of resource files consisting of
images, style sheets, scripts, etc. These are hosted on the Policy Manager
appliance and can be referenced by prefixing the _eTIPS_GUEST_PORTAL_
RESOURCE_ to the patch component. For example, if there is a file named
logo.jpg in the zipped archive, refer to this resource as “_eTIPS_GUEST_
PORTAL_RESOURCE_/logo.jpg” on the OnGuard portal page.
After the zipped archive is successfully uploaded, a screen showing the
contained files is shown:
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Parameter
Description
Customize Portal
Use default template to edit the different fields as described above. To import a
custom HTML file to be used as the OnGuard portal, select Upload custom
template. Note that the following macros must be present in the custom HTML
template:
l _eTIPS_GUEST_PORTAL_HEADER_
l _eTIPS_GUEST_PORTAL_BODY_
l _eTIPS_GUEST_PORTAL_FORM_
Title
Click on the current title text to change the way the title appears.
Logo Image
Click on the logo image to browse and select an image for the banner.
Header Message
Click to enter text that will display in the header.
Footer Message
Click to enter text that will display in the footer.
Copyright Message
Click to enter copyright text.
Figure 307 Custom HTML Template Upload
Update Portal
Navigate to Administration > Agents and Software Updates > Software Updates.
Use the Software Updates page to register for and to receive live updates for:
302
l
Posture updates, including Antivirus, Antispyware, and Windows Updates
l
Profile data updates, including Fingerprint
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l
Software upgrades for the ClearPass family of products
l
Patch binaries, including Onboard, Guest Plugins and Skins
Updates are stored on ClearPass’s webservice server. When a valid Subscription ID is saved, the ClearPass Policy
Manager server periodically communicates with the webservice about available updates. It downloads any available
updates to the ClearPass Policy Manager server. The administrator can install these updates directly from this Software
Updates page. The first time the Subscription ID is saved, ClearPass Policy Manager contacts the webservice to
download the latest Posture & Profile Data updates and any available firmware and patch updates. When using an
evaluation version, no upgrade Images will be available.
Figure 308 Software Updates
Table 204: Software Updates
Container
Description
Subscription ID
Subscription
ID
Enter the Subscription ID provided to you in this text box. This text box is enabled only on
publisher node. You can at any time opt out of automatic downloads by saving an empty
Subscription ID.
Save
Click this button to save the Subscription ID entered in the text box. This button is enabled
only on publisher node.
Reset
Performs an "undo" of any unsaved changes made in the Subscription ID field. Note that
this does not clear the text box.
Posture & Profile Data Updates
Import
Updates
Use Import Updates to import (upload) the Posture and Profile Data into this server, if this
server is not able to reach the webservice server. The data can be downloaded from
webservice server by accessing the URL:
https://clearpass.arubanetworks.com/cppm/appupdate/cppm_apps_updates.zip.
When prompted, enter the provided Subscription ID for the username and the password
for authentication.
NOTE: This button is enabled only on publisher node.
Firmware & Patch Updates
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Container
Description
Import
Updates
If the server is not able to reach the webservice server, click Import Updates to import the
latest Firmware and Update patch binaries (obtained via support or other means) into this
server. When logged in as appadmin, the Upgrade and Patch binaries imported can be
installed manually via the CLI using the following commands:
l system update (for patches)
l system upgrade (for upgrades)
NOTE: The Onboard, Guest Plugins and Skins can only be downloaded and installed via
webservice.
Retry
If the auto-download fails because of connectivity issues or a checksum mismatch, a Retry
button will appear. Click on this button to download that update from the webservice
server.
Install
This button appears after the update has been downloaded. Clicking on this button starts
the installation of the update and displays the Install Update dialog box showing the log
messages being generated.
Needs
Restart
This link appears when an update needs a reboot of the server in order to complete the
installation. Clicking on this link displays the Install Update dialog box showing the log
messages generated during the install.
Installed
This link appears when an update has been installed. Clicking on this link displays the
Install Update dialog box showing the log messages generated during the install.
Install Error
This link appears when an update install encountered an error. Clicking on this link
displays the Install Update dialog box showing the log messages generated during the
install.
Other
Check
Status Now
Click on this button to perform an on-demand check for available updates. Applies to
updates (only on publisher node) as well as Firmware & Patch Updates.
The Firmware & Patch Updates table will only show the data that is known to webservice. Additionally, it is only
visible if the ClearPass Policy Manager server is able to communicate with the webservice server.
Install Update dialog box
The Install Update dialog box shows the log messages generated during the install of an update. This popup appears
when an Install button is clicked. If the popup is closed, it can be brought up again by clicking the ‘Install in
progress…’ link while and installation is in progress or by clicking the ‘Installed’, ‘Install Error’, ‘Needs Restart’ links
after the installation is completed.
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Figure 309 Install Update
Table 205: Install Update dialog box buttons and descriptions
Container
Description
Close
Click on this button to close the dialog box.
Clear &
Close
Click on this button to delete the log messages and close the popup. This will also remove
the corresponding row from the Firmware & Patch Updates table.
Reboot
This button appears only for the updates requiring a reboot to complete the installation.
Click on this button to initiate a reboot of the server.
Delete the log messages (using the Clear & Close button on the Install Update dialog box) for a failed install. After
the log messages are cleared, attempt the install again.
System Events (as seen on the Monitoring > Event Viewer page) show records for events, such as communication
failures with webservice, successful or failed download of updates, and successful or failed installation of updates.
The ClearPass Policy Manager server contacts the webservice server every hour in the background to download any
newly available Posture & Profile Data updates and every day at 4:00 a.m. for a current list of firmware and patch
updates. Any new list of firmware and update patches available are downloaded to the Policy Manager server
automatically and kept ready for installation. The webservice itself is refreshed with the Antivirus and Antispyware
data hourly, with Windows Updates daily, and with Fingerprint data, Firmware & Patches as and when new ones are
available. An event is generated (showing up in Event Viewer) with the list of downloaded images. If an SMTP server,
any Alert Notification email addresses are configured, an email (from publisher only) is also sent with the list of
images downloaded.
Updating the Policy Manager Software
By way of background, the Policy Manager Publisher node acts as master. Administration, configuration, and database
write operations are allowed only on this master node. The Policy Manager appliance defaults to a Publisher node
unless it is made a Subscriber node. A Policy Manager cluster can contain only one Publisher node. Cluster commands
can be used to change the state of the node, hence the Publisher can be made a Subscriber.
Upgrade the Image on a Single Policy Manager Appliance
Perform these steps to upgrade the image on a single Policy Manager appliance:
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1. From the ClearPass Policy Manager UI, navigate to Administration > Agents and Software Updates > Software
Updates.
l
If a Subscription ID has been entered, then the server can communicate with the webservice. Available upgrades
will be listed in the Firmware & Patches table. Download and install the upgrade, and then reboot the server.
l
If the Subscription ID has not been entered, or if the appliance cannot communicate with the webservice, click
Import Updates to upload the upgrade image that you received from Support (or through other means). The
upgrade file is now available and can be specified in the system upgrade CLI command.
Alternatively, transfer the image file to a Policy Manager external machine and make it available via http or SSH.
1. Login to the Policy Manager appliance as appadmin user.
2. Use the command system upgrade, which will upgrade your second partition, then reboot. Policy Manager boots
into the upgraded image.
If you access the appliance via serial console, you should also be able to boot into the previous image by choosing that
image in the Grub boot screen.
3. Verify that all configuration and session logs are restored and all services are running. Also verify that nodespecific configuration such as the server certificate, log configuration and server parameters are also restored.
Upgrade the Image on All Appliances
Perform these steps to upgrade the image on all appliances in an Policy Manager cluster.
1. Upgrade publisher Policy Manager first, and reboot into the new image.
2. On the first boot after upgrade, all old configuration data is restored. Verify that all configuration and services are
intact.
In the cluster servers screen, all subscriber node entries are present but marked as Cluster Sync=false (disabled for
replication). Any configuration changes performed in this state do not replicate to subscribers until the subscribers
are also upgraded (effectively no configuration changes are possible on subscribers in this state).
You can add a subscriber to the cluster from the User Interface: Configuration > Administration > Server Configuration
(page) > Make Subscriber (link).
3. One node at a time, upgrade the subscriber nodes to the same Policy Manager version as the publisher, using the
same steps as for a single Policy Manager server. On the first boot after upgrade, the node is added back to the
cluster (the publisher node must be up and available for this to work).
4. Login to the UI and verify that the node is replicating and “Cluster Sync” is set to true.
If the publisher is not available when the subscriber boots up after the upgrade, adding the node back to the cluster fails.
In that case, the subscriber comes up with an empty database. Fix the problem by adding the subscriber back into the
cluster from the CLI. All node configuration, including certificates, log configuration and server parameters are restored
(as long as the node entry exists in the publisher with Cluster Sync=false).
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Appendix A
Command Line Configuration
The Policy Manager command line provides commands of the following types:
l
"Cluster Commands" on page 309
l
"Configure Commands" on page 312
l
"Network Commands" on page 314
l
"Service commands" on page 316
l
"Show Commands" on page 317
l
"System commands" on page 320
l
"Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
Available Commands
Table 206: Command Categories
Command
ad auth
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
ad netleave
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
ad netjoin
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
ad testjoin
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
alias
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
backup
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
cluster drop-subscriber
cluster list
cluster make-publisher
cluster make-subscriber
cluster reset-database
cluster set-cluster-passwd
cluster set-local-passwd
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Command
configure date
configure dns
configure hostname
configure ip
configure timezone
dump certchain
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
dump logs
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
dump servercert
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
exit
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
help
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
krb auth
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
krb list
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
ldapsearch
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
network ip
network nslookup
network ping
network traceroute
network reset
quit
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
restore
See "Miscellaneous Commands" on page 322
service activate
service deactivate
service list
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Command
service restart
service start
service status
service stop
show date
show dns
show domain
show all-timezones
show hostname
show ip
showlicense
show timezone
show version
system boot-image
system gen-support-key
system update
system restart
system shutdown
system install-license
system upgrade
Cluster Commands
The Policy Manager command line interface includes the following cluster commands:
l
"drop-subscriber" on page 309
l
"list" on page 310
l
"make-publisher" on page 310
l
"make-subscriber" on page 310
l
"reset-database" on page 311
l
"set-cluster-passwd" on page 311
l
"set-local-passwd" on page 311
drop-subscriber
Removes specified subscriber node from the cluster.
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Syntax
cluster drop-subscriber [-f] [-i <IP Address>] -s
Where:
Table 207: Drop-Subscriber Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
-f
Force drop, even for down nodes
-i <IP Address>
Management IP address of the node. If not
specified and the current node is a subscriber,
Policy Manager drops the current node.
-s
Do not reset the database on the dropped node.
By default, Policy Manager drops the current node
(if a subscriber) from the cluster.
Example
[appadmin]# cluster drop-subscriber -f -i 192.168.1.1 -s
list
Lists the cluster nodes.
Syntax
cluster list
Example
[appadmin]# cluster list
cluster list
Publisher :
Management port IP=192.168.5.227
Data port IP=None [local machine]
make-publisher
Makes this node a publisher.
Syntax
cluster make-publisher
Example
[appadmin]# cluster make-publisher
********************************************************
* WARNING: Executing this command will promote the
*
* current machine (which must be a subscriber in the
*
* cluster) to the cluster publisher. Do not close the *
* shell or interrupt this command execution.
*
********************************************************
Continue? [y|Y]: y
make-subscriber
Makes this node a subscriber to the specified publisher node.
Syntax
make-subscriber -i <IP Address> [-l]
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Where:
Table 208: Make-Subscriber Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
-i <IP Address>
Required.
Publisher IP address.
-l
Optional.
Restore the local log database after this
operation.
Example
[appadmin]#
cluster make-subscriber –i 192.168.1.1 –p !alore -l
reset-database
Resets the local database and erases its configuration.
Syntax
cluster reset-database
Returns
[appadmin]# cluster reset-database
**********************************************************
* WARNING: Running this command will erase the Policy Manager
* configuration and leave the database with default
*
* configuration. You will lose all the configured data. *
* Do not close the shell or interrupt this command
*
* execution.
*
*********************************************************
Continue? [y|Y]: y
*
set-cluster-passwd
Changes the cluster password on all publisher nodes. Executed on the publisher; prompts for the new cluster password.
Syntax
cluster set-cluster-passwd
Returns
[appadmin]# cluster set-cluster-passwd
cluster set-cluster-passwd
Enter Cluster Passwd: santaclara
Re-enter Cluster Passwd: santaclara
INFO - Password changed on local (publisher) node
Cluster password changed
set-local-passwd
Changes the local password. Executed locally; prompts for the new local password.
Syntax
cluster sync-local-password
Returns
[appadmin]#
cluster set-local-password
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cluster sync-local-passwd
Enter Password: !alore
Re-enter Password: !alore
Configure Commands
The Policy Manager command line interface includes the following configuration commands:
l
"date" on page 312
l
"dns" on page 312
l
"hostname" on page 313
l
"ip" on page 313
l
"timezone" on page 313
date
Sets System Date, Time and Time Zone.
Syntax
configure date -d <date> [-t <time> ] [-z <timezone>]
or
configure date -s <ntpserver> [-z <timezone>]
Where:
Table 209: Date Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
-s <ntpserver>
Optional.
Synchronize time with specified NTP server.
-d <date>
Required.
Syntax: yyyy-mm-dd
-t <time>
Optional.
Syntax: hh:mm:ss
-z <timezone>
Optional.
Syntax: To view the list of supported timezone
values, enter: show all-timezones.
Example 1
Specify date/time/timezone:
[appadmin]#
configure date –d 2007-06-22 –t 12:00:31 –z America/Los_Angeles
Example 2
Synchronize with a specified NTP server:
[appadmin]# -s <ntpserver>
dns
Configure DNS servers. At least one DNS server must be specified; a maximum of three DNS servers can be specified.
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Syntax
configure dns <primary> [secondary] [tertiary]
Example 1
[appadmin]# configure dns 192.168.1.1
Example 2
[appadmin]# configure dns 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.2
Example 3
[appadmin]# configure dns 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.3
hostname
Configures the hostname.
Syntax
configure hostname <hostname>
Example
[appadmin]#
configure hostname sun.us.arubanetworks.com
ip
Configures IP address, netmask and gateway.
Syntax
[appadmin]# configure ip <mgmt|data> <ipaddress> netmask <netmask address> gateway <gateway ad
dress>
Where:
Table 210: IP Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
ip <mgmt|data> <ip
address>
l
Network interface type: mgmt or data
Server ip address.
netmask <netmask
address>
Netmask address.
gateway <gateway
address>
Gateway address.
Example
[appadmin]# configure ip data 192.168.5.12 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway 192.168.5.1
timezone
Configures time zone interactively.
Syntax
configure timezone
Example
[appadmin]#
configure timezone
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configure timezone
*********************************************************
* WARNING: When the command is completed Policy Manager services *
* are restarted to reflect the changes.
*
*********************************************************
Continue? [y|Y]: y
Network Commands
The Policy Manager command line interface includes the following network commands:
l
"ip" on page 314
l
"nslookup" on page 315
l
"ping" on page 315
l
"reset" on page 316
l
"traceroute" on page 316
ip
Add, delete or list custom routes to the data or management interface routing table.
Syntax
network ip add <mgmt|data> [-i <id>] <[-s <SrcAddr>] [-d <DestAddr>]>
Add a custom routing rule. Where:
Table 211: Network IP Add Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<mgmt|data>
Specify management or data interface
-i <id>
id of the network ip rule. If unspecified, the system will auto-generate an id. Note
that the id determines the priority in the ordered list of rules in the routing table.
-s <SrcAddr>
Optional. Specifies the ip address or network (for example, 192.168.5.0/24) or 0/0
(for all traffic) of traffic originator. Only one of SrcAddr or DstAddr must be
specified.
-d <DestAddr>
Optional. Specifies the destination ip address or network (for example,
192.168.5.0/24) or 0/0 (for all traffic). Only one of SrcAddr or DstAddr must be
specified.
Syntax
network ip del <-i <id>>
Delete a rule. Where:
Table 212: Network IP Delete Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
-i <id>
Id of the rule to delete.
Syntax
network ip list
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List all routing rules.
Syntax
network ip reset
Reset routing table to factory default setting. All custom routes are removed.
Example 1
[appadmin]# network ip add data -s 192.168.5.0/24
Example 2
[appadmin]# network ip add data -s 192.168.5.12
Example 3
[appadmin]# network ip list
nslookup
Returns IP address of host using DNS.
Syntax
nslookup -q <record-type> <host>
Where:
Table 213: Nslookup Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<record-type>
Type of DNS record. For example, A, CNAME,
PTR
<host>
Host or domain name to be queried.
Example 1
[appadmin]# nslookup sun.us.arubanetworks.com
Example 2
[appadmin]# nslookup -q SRV arubanetworks.com
ping
Tests reachability of the network host.
Syntax
network ping [-i <SrcIpAddr>] [-t] <host>
Where:
Table 214: Ping Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
-i <SrcIpAddr>
Optional.
Originating IP address for ping.
-t
Optional.
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Flag/Parameter
Description
Ping indefinitely.
<host>
Host to be pinged.
Example
[appadmin]# network ping –i 192.168.5.10 –t sun.us.arubanetworks.com
reset
Reset network data port.
Syntax
network reset <port>
Where:
Table 215: Reset Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<port>
Required.
Name of network port to reset.
Example
[appadmin]# network reset data
traceroute
Prints route taken to reach network host.
Syntax
network traceroute <host>
Where:
Table 216: Traceroute Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<host>
Name of network host.
Example
[appadmin]#
network traceroute sun.us.arubanetworks.com
Service commands
The Policy Manager command line interface includes the following service commands:
316
l
start
l
stop
l
status
l
restart
l
activate
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l
deactivate
l
list
These commands in this section have identical syntax; therefore, this section presents them as variations on <action>.
<action>
Activates the specified Policy Manager service.
Syntax
service <action> <service-name>
Where:
Table 217: Action Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
action
Choose an action: activate, deactivate, list, restart,
start, status, or stop.
service-name
Choose a service: tips-policy-server, tips-adminserver, tips-system-auxiliary-server, tips-radiusserver, tips-tacacs-server, tips-dbwrite-server,
tips-repl-server, or tips-sysmon-server.
Example 1
[appadmin]#
service activate tips-policy-server
Example 2
[appadmin]# service list all
service list
Policy server [ tips-policy-server ]
Admin UI service [ tips-admin-server ]
System auxiliary services [ tips-system-auxiliary-server ]
Radius server [ tips-radius-server ]
Tacacs server [ tips-tacacs-server ]
Async DB write service [ tips-dbwrite-server ]
DB replication service [ tips-repl-server ]
System monitor service [ tips-sysmon-server ]
Example 3
[appadmin]#
service status tips-domain-server
Show Commands
The Policy Manager command line interface includes the following show commands:
l
"all-timezones" on page 318
l
"date" on page 318
l
"dns" on page 318
l
"domain" on page 318
l
"hostname" on page 319
l
"ip" on page 319
l
"license" on page 319
l
"timezone" on page 319
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l
"version" on page 320
all-timezones
Interactively displays all available timezones
Syntax
show all-timezones
Example
[appadmin]# show all-timezones
Africa/Abidjan
Africa/Accra
.....
WET
Zulu
date
Displays System Date, Time, and Time Zone information.
Syntax
show date
Example
[appadmin]# show date
Wed Oct 31 14:33:39 UTC 2012
dns
Displays DNS servers.
Syntax
show dns
Example
[appadmin]# show dns
show dns
===========================================
DNS Information
------------------------------------------Primary
DNS :
192.168.5.3
Secondary DNS :
<not configured>
Tertiary DNS :
<not configured>
===========================================
domain
Displays Domain Name, IP Address, and Name Server information.
Syntax
show domain
Example
[appadmin]#
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hostname
Displays hostname.
Syntax
show hostname
Example
[appadmin]# show hostname
show hostname
wolf
ip
Displays IP and DNS information for the host.
Syntax
show ip
Example
[appadmin]# show ip
show ip
===========================================
Device Type
:
Management Port
------------------------------------------IP Address
:
192.168.5.227
Subnet Mask
:
255.255.255.0
Gateway
:
192.168.5.1
===========================================
Device Type
:
Data Port
------------------------------------------IP Address
:
<not configured>
Subnet Mask
:
<not configured>
Gateway
:
<not configured>
===========================================
DNS Information
------------------------------------------Primary
DNS :
192.168.5.3
Secondary DNS :
<not configured>
Tertiary DNS :
<not configured>
===========================================
license
Displays the license key.
Syntax
show license
Example
[appadmin]# show license
show license
timezone
Displays current system timezone.
Syntax
show timezone
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Example
[appadmin]# show timezone
show timezone
version
Displays Policy Manager software version hardware model.
Syntax
show version
Example
[appadmin]# show version
=======================================
Policy Manager software version : 2.0(1).6649
Policy Manager model number
: ET-5010
=======================================
System commands
The Policy Manager command line interface includes the following system commands:
l
"boot-image" on page 320
l
"gen-support-key" on page 320
l
"install-license" on page 321
l
"restart" on page 321
l
"shutdown" on page 321
l
"update" on page 322
l
"upgrade" on page 322
boot-image
Sets system boot image control options.
Syntax
system boot-image [-l] [-a <version>]
Where:
Table 218: Boot-Image Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
-l
Optional.
List boot images installed on the system.
-a <version>
Optional.
Set active boot image version, in A.B.C.D syntax.
Example
[appadmin]#
system boot-image
gen-support-key
Generates the support key for the system.
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Syntax
system gen-support-key
Example
[appadmin]# system gen-support-key
system gen-support-key
Support key='01U2FsdGVkX1+/WS9jZKQajERyzXhM8mF6zAKrzxrHvaM='
install-license
Replace the current license key with a new one.
Syntax
system install-license <license-key>
Where:
Table 219: Install-License Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<license-key>
Mandatory.
This is the newly issued license key.
Example
[appadmin]#
system install-license
restart
Restart the system
Syntax
system restart
Example
[appadmin]# system restart
system restart
*********************************************************
* WARNING: This command will shutdown all applications *
* and reboot the system
*
********************************************************
Are you sure you want to continue? [y|Y]: y
shutdown
Shutdown the system
Syntax
system shutdown
Example
[appadmin]# system shutdown
********************************************************
* WARNING: This command will shutdown all applications *
* and power off the system
*
********************************************************
Are you sure you want to continue? [y|Y]: y
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update
Manages updates.
Syntax
system update [-i user@hostname:/<filename> | http://hostname/<filename>]
system update [-u <patch-name>]
system update [-l]
Where:
Table 220: Update Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
-i
user@hostname:/<filenam
e> |
http://hostname/<filename>
Optional.
Install the specified patch on the system.
-u <patch-name>
Optional.
Uninstall the patch. (For exact patch names, refer
to [-l] in this table.)
-l
Optional.
List the patches installed on the system.
Example
[appadmin]# system update
upgrade
Upgrades the system.
Syntax
system upgrade <filepath>
Where:
Table 221: Upgrade Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<filepath>
Required.
Enter filepath, using either syntax provided in the
two examples provided.
Example 1
[appadmin]#
1.tgz
system upgrade admin@sun.us.arubanetworks.com:/tmp/PolicyManager-x86-64-upgrade-7
Example 2
[appadmin]#
rade-71.tgz
system upgrade http://sun.us.arubanetworks.com/downloads/PolicyManager-x86-64-upg
Miscellaneous Commands
The Policy Manager command line interface includes the following miscellaneous commands:
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l
"ad auth" on page 323
l
"ad netjoin" on page 323
l
"ad netleave" on page 324
l
"ad testjoin" on page 324
l
"alias" on page 324
l
"backup" on page 324
l
"dump certchain" on page 325
l
"dump logs" on page 325
l
"dump servercert" on page 326
l
"exit" on page 326
l
"help" on page 326
l
"krb auth" on page 327
l
"krb list" on page 327
l
"ldapsearch" on page 327
l
"quit" on page 328
l
"restore" on page 328
ad auth
Authenticate the user agains AD.
Syntax
ad auth --username=<username>
Where:
Table 222: Ad Auth Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<username>
Required.
username of the authenticating user.
Example
[appadmin]#
ad auth --username=mike
ad netjoin
Joins host to the domain.
Syntax
ad netjoin <domain-controller.domain-name> [domain NETBIOS name]
Where:
Table 223: Ad Netjoin Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<domain-controller.
domain-name>
Required.
Host to be joined to the domain.
[domain NETBIOS name]
Optional.
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Example
[appadmin]#
ad netjoin atlas.us.arubanetworks.com
ad netleave
Removes host from the domain.
Syntax
ad netleave
Example
[appadmin]#
ad netleave
ad testjoin
Tests if the netjoin command succeeded. Tests if Policy Manager is a member of the AD domain.
Syntax
ad testjoin
Example
[appadmin]#
ad testjoin
alias
Creates or removes aliases.
Syntax
alias <name>=<command>
Where:
Table 224: Alias Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<name>=<command>
Sets <name> as the alias for <command>.
<name>=
Removes the association.
Example 1
[appadmin]# alias sh=show
Example 2
[appadmin]# alias sh=
backup
Creates backup of Policy Manager configuration data. If no arguments are entered, the system auto-generates a filename
and backups up the configuration to this file.
Syntax
backup [-f <filename>] [-L] [-P]
Where:
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Table 225: Backup Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
-f <filename>
Optional. Backup target.
If not specified, Policy Manager will auto-generate
a filename.
-L
Optional. Do not backup the log database
configuration
-P
Optional. Do not backup password fields from the
configuration database
Example
[appadmin]# backup -f PolicyManager-data.tar.gz
Continue? [y|Y]: y
dump certchain
Dumps certificate chain of any SSL secured server.
Syntax
dump certchain <hostname:port-number>
Where:
Table 226: Dump Certchain Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<hostname:port-number>
Specifies the hostname and SSL port number.
Example 1
[appadmin]# dump certchain ldap.acme.com:636
dump certchain
dump logs
Dumps Policy Manager application log files.
Syntax
dump logs -f <output-file-name> [-s yyyy-mm-dd] [-e yyyy-mm-dd] [-n <days>] [-t <log-type>] [h]
Where:
Table 227: Dump Logs Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
-f <output-file-name>
Specifies target for concatenated logs.
-s yyyy-mm-dd
Optional. Date range start (default is today).
-e yyyy-mm-dd
Optional. Date range end (default is today).
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Flag/Parameter
Description
-n <days>
Optional. Duration in days (from today).
-t <log-type>
Optional. Type of log to collect.
-h
Specify (print help) for available log types.
Example 1
[appadmin]#
dump logs –f tips-system-logs.tgz -s 2007-10-06 –e 2007-10-17 –t SystemLogs
Example 2
[appadmin]#
dump logs -h
dump servercert
Dumps server certificate of SSL secured server.
Syntax
dump servercert <hostname:port-number>
Where:
Table 228: Dump Servercert Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<hostname:port-number>
Specifies the hostname and SSL port number.
Example 1
[appadmin]#
dump servercert ldap.acme.com:636
exit
Exits shell.
Syntax
exit
Example
[appadmin]#
exit
help
Display the list of supported commands
Syntax
help <command>
Example
[appadmin]#
help
alias
backup
cluster
configure
dump
326
help
Create aliases
Backup Policy Manager data
Policy Manager cluster related commands
Configure the system parameters
Dump Policy Manager information
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
exit
help
netjoin
netleave
network
quit
restore
service
show
system
Exit the shell
Display the list of supported commands
Join host to the domain
Remove host from the domain
Network troubleshooting commands
Exit the shell
Restore Policy Manager database
Control Policy Manager services
Show configuration details
System commands
krb auth
Does a kerberos authentication against a kerberos server (such as Microsoft AD)
Syntax
krb auth <user@domain>
Where:
Table 229: Kerberos Authentication Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<user@domain>
Specifies the username and domain.
Example
[appadmin]#
krb auth mike@corp-ad.acme.com
krb list
Lists the cached kerberos tickets
Syntax
krb list
Example
[appadmin]#
krb list
ldapsearch
The Linux ldapsearch command to find objects in an LDAP directory. (Note that only the Policy Manager-specific
command line arguments are listed below. For other command line arguments, refer to ldapsearch man pages on the
Internet).
Syntax
ldapsearch -B <user@hostname>
Where:
Table 230: LDAP Search commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
<user@hostname>
Specifies the username and the full qualified
domain name of the host. The -B command finds
the bind DN of the LDAP directory.
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Example
[appadmin]#
ldapsearch -B admin@corp-ad.acme.com
restore
Restores Policy Manager configuration data from the backup file
Syntax
restore user@hostname:/<backup-filename> [-l] [-i] [-c|-C] [-p] [-s]
Where:
Table 231: Restore Commands
Flag/Parameter
Description
user@hostname:/<backupfilename>
Specify filepath of restore source.
-c
Restore configuration database (default).
-C
Do not restore configuration database.
-l
Optional. If it exists in the backup, restore log
database.
-i
Optional. Ignore version mismatch errors and
proceed.
-p
Optional. Force restore from a backup file that
does not have password fields present.
-s
Optional. Restore cluster server/node entries from
the backup. (Node entries disabled on restore.)
Example
[appadmin]# restore user@hostname:/tmp/tips-backup.tgz -l -i -c -s
quit
Exits shell.
Syntax
quit
Example
[appadmin]#
328
quit
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Appendix B
Rules Editing and Namespaces
In the Policy Manager administration User Interface (UI) you use the same editing interface to create different types of
objects:
l
Service rules
l
Role mapping policies
l
Internal user policies
l
Enforcement policies
l
Enforcement profiles
l
Post-audit rules
l
Proxy attribute pruning rules
l
Filters for Access Tracker and activity reports
l
Attributes editing for policy simulation
When editing all these elements, you are presented with a tabular interface with the same column headers:
l
Type - Type is the namespace from which these attributes are defined. This is a drop-down list that contains
namespaces defined in the system for the current editing context.
l
Name - Name is the name of the attribute. This is a drop-down list with the names of the attributes present in the
namespace.
l
Operator - Operator is a list of operators appropriate for the data type of the attribute. The drop-down menu shows
the operators appropriate for data type on the left (that is, the attribute).
l
Value - The value is the value of the attribute. Again, depending on the data type of the attribute, the value field
can be a free-form one-line edit box, a free-form multi-line edit box, a drop-down menu containing pre-defined
values (enumerated types), or a time or date widget.
In some editing interfaces (for example, enforcement profile and policy simulation attribute editing interfaces) the
operator does not change; it is always the EQUALS operator:
Providing a uniform tabular interface to edit all these elements enables you to use the same steps while configuring
these elements. Also, providing a context-sensitive editing experience (for names, operators and values) takes the
guess-work out of configuring these elements.
The following sections describe namespaces and operators in more detail.
Namespaces
There are multiple namespaces exposed in the rules editing interface. The namespaces exposed depend upon what you
are editing. For example, when you are editing posture policies you work with the posture namespace; when you are
editing service rules you work with, among other namespaces, the RADIUS namespace, but not the posture namespace.
Enumerated below are the namespaces you will find in the different rules editing contexts:
l
RADIUS Namespace - Dictionaries in the RADIUS namespace come pre-packaged with the product. The
administration interface does provide a way to add new dictionaries into the system (See "RADIUS Dictionaries "
on page 291 for more information). RADIUS namespace has the notation RADIUS:Vendor, where Vendor is the
name of the Company that has defined attributes in the dictionary. Sometimes, the same vendor has multiple
dictionaries, in which case the "Vendor" portion has the name suffixed by the name of device or some other unique
string. IETF is a special vendor for the dictionary that holds the attributes defined in the RFC 2865 and other
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329
associated RFCs. Policy Manager comes pre-packaged with a number of vendor dictionaries. Some examples of
dictionaries in the RADIUS namespace are: RADIUS:IETF, RADIUS:Cisco, RADIUS:Juniper.
RADIUS namespace appears in the following editing contexts:
l
n
Service rules: All RADIUS namespace attributes that can appear in a request (the ones marked with the IN or
INOUT qualifier)
n
RADIUS Enforcement profiles: All RADIUS namespace attributes that can be send back to a RADIUS client
(the ones marked with the OUT or INOUT qualifier)
n
Role mapping policies
n
Policy simulation attributes
n
Post-proxy attribute pruning rules
n
Filter rules for Access Tracker and Activity Reports
Posture Namespace - Dictionaries in the posture namespace come pre-packaged with the product. The
administration interface does provide a way to add new dictionaries into the system (See "Posture Dictionaries " on
page 292 for more information.) Posture namespace has the notation Vendor:Application, where Vendor is the name
of the Company that has defined attributes in the dictionary, and Application is the name of the application for
which the attributes have been defined. The same vendor typically has different dictionaries for different
applications. Some examples of dictionaries in the posture namespace are: ClearPass:LinuxSHV,
Microsoft:SystemSHV, Microsoft:WindowsSHV Trend:AV.
Posture namespace appears in the following editing contexts:
l
330
n
Internal posture policies conditions - Attributes marked with the IN qualifier
n
Internal posture policies actions - Attributes marked with the OUT qualifier
n
Policy simulation attributes
n
Filter rules for Access Tracker and Activity Reports
Authorization Namespaces - Policy Manager supports a number of types of authorization sources. Authorization
sources from which values of attributes can be retrieved to create role mapping rules have their own separate
namespaces (prefixed with Authorization:). They are:
n
Authorization - The authorization namespace has one attribute: sources. The values are prepopulated with the
authorization sources defined in Policy Manager. Use this to check for the authorization source(s) from which
attributes were extracted for the authenticating entity.
n
AD Instance Namespace - For each instance of an Active Directory authentication source, there is an AD
instance namespace that appears in the rules editing interface. The AD instance namespace consists of all the
attributes that were defined when the authentication source was created. These attribute names are pre-populated
in the UI for administrative convenience. For Policy Manager to fetch the values of attributes from Active
Directory, you need to define filters for that authentication source (see "Adding and Modifying Authentication
Sources " on page 128 for more information).
n
LDAP Instance Namespace - For each instance of an LDAP authentication source, there is an LDAP instance
namespace that appears in the rules editing interface. The LDAP instance namespace consists of all the attributes
that were defined when the authentication source was created. These attribute names are pre-populated in the UI
for administrative convenience. For Policy Manager to fetch the values of attributes from an LDAP-compliant
directory, you need to define filters for that authentication source (see "Adding and Modifying Authentication
Sources " on page 128 for more information).
n
SQL Instance Namespace - For each instance of an SQL authentication source, there is an SQL instance
namespace that appears in the rules editing interface. The SQL instance namespace consists of attributes names
that you have defined when you created an instance of this authentication source. The attribute names are prepoluated for administrative convenience. For Policy Manager to fetch the values of attributes from a SQLcompliant database, you need to define filters for that authentication source.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
n
RSAToken Instance Namespace - For each instance of an RSA Token Server authentication source, there is an
RSA Token Server instance namespace that appears in the rules editing interface. The RSA Token Server
instance namespace consists of attributes names that you have defined when you created an instance of this
authentication source. The attribute names are pre-poluated for administrative convenience.
n
Sources- This is the list of the authorization sources from which attributes were fetched for role mapping.
Authorization namespaces appear in the following editing contexts:
n
l
Role mapping policies
Date Namespace - The date namespace has three pre-defined attributes defined: Time-of-Day, Day-of-Week and
Date-of-Year. Depending on the attribute selected in the UI, the operator and value fields change. For Day-ofWeek, the operators supported are BELONG_TO and NOT_BELONGS_TO, and the value field shows a multiselect list box with days from Monday through Sunday. The Time-of-Day attribute shows a time widget in the
value field. The Date-of-Year attribute shows a date, month and year widget in the value field. The operators
supported for Date-of-Year and Time-of-Day attributes are the similar to the ones supported for the integer data type
(See section for more details.
Date namespace appears in the following editing contexts:
l
n
Service rules
n
Role mapping policies
n
Enforcement policies
n
Filter rules for Access Tracker and Activity Reports
Connection Namespace - The connection namespace can be used in role mapping policies to define roles based on
where the protocol request originated from and where it terminated. The connection namespace has the following
pre-defined attributes:
Table 232: Connection Namespace Pre-defined Attributes
Attribute
Description
Src-IP-Address
Src-IP-Address and Src-Port are the IP address and port from
which the request (RADIUS, TACACS+, etc.) originated
Src-Port
Dest-IP-Address
Dst-IP-Address and Dst-Port are the IP address and port at
which Policy Manager received the request (RADIUS,
TACACS+, etc.)
Dest-Port
Protocol
Request protocol: RADIUS, TACACS+, WebAuth
NAD-IP-Address
IP address of the network device from which the request
originated
Client-Mac-Address
MAC address of the client
Client-Mac-Address-Colon, ClientMac-Address-Dot, Client-MacAddress-Hyphen, Client-MacAddress-Nodelim
Client MAC address in different formats
Client-IP-Address
IP address of the client (if known)
Connection namespace appears in the following editing contexts:
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l
n
Service rules
n
Role mapping policies
Authentication Namespace - The authentication namespace can be used in role mapping policies to define roles
based on what kind of authentication method was used or what the status of the authentication is. The attribute
names and possible values with descriptions are shown in the table below:
Table 233: Authentication Namespace Attributes
Attribute
Name
Values
InnerMethod
PAP
CHAP
MSCHAP
EAP-GTC
EAP-MSCHAPv2
EAP-MD5
EAP-TLS
OuterMethod
PAP
CHAP
MSCHAP
EAP-MD5
EAP-TLS
EAP-TTLS
EAP-FAST
EAP-PEAP
Phase1PAC
l
l
l
Phase2PAC
l
l
l
Posture
l
l
l
l
Status
l
l
l
l
l
MacAuth
l
l
332
None - No PAC was used to establish the outer tunnel in the EAP-FAST
authentication method
Tunnel - A tunnel PAC was used to establish the outer tunnel in the EAP-FAST
authentication method
Machine - A machine PAC was used to establish the outer tunnel in the EAP-FAST
authentication method; machine PAC is used for machine authentication (See EAPFAST in "Adding and Modifying Authentication Methods" on page 111).
None - No PAC was used instead of an inner method handshake in the EAP-FAST
authentication method
UserAuthPAC - A user authentication PAC was used instead of the user
authentication inner method handshake in the EAP-FAST authentication method
PosturePAC - A posture PAC was used instead of the posture credential handshake
in the EAP-FAST authentication method
Capable - The client is capable of providing posture credentials
Collected - Posture credentials were collected from the client
Not-Capable - The client is not capable of providing posture credentials
Unknown - It is not known whether the client is capable of providing credentials
None - No authentication took place
User - The user was authenticated
Machine - The machine was authenticated
Failed - Authentication failed
AuthSource-Unreachable - The authentication source was unreachable
NotApplicable - Not a MAC Auth request
Known Client - Client MAC address was found in an authentication source
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Attribute
Name
Values
l
Unknown Client - Client MAC address was not found in an authentication source
Username
The username as received from the client (after the strip user name rules are applied
FullUsername
The username as received from the client (before the strip user name rules are applied
Source
The name of the authentication source used to authenticate the user
Authentication namespace appears in the following editing contexts:
n
l
Role mapping policies
Certificate Namespace - The certificate namespace can be used in role mapping policies to define roles based on
attributes in the client certificate presented by the end host. Client certificates are presented in mutually
authenticated 802.1X EAP methods (EAP-TLS, PEAP/TLS, EAP-FAST/TLS). The attribute names and possible
values with descriptions are shown in the table below:
Table 234: Certificate Namespace Attributes
Attribute Name
Values
Version
Certificate version
Serial-Number
Certificate serial number
Subject-DN, Subject-DC, Subject-UID, Subject-CN,
Subject-GN, Subject-SN, Subject-C, Subject-L, Subject-ST,
Subject-O, Subject-OU, Subject-emailAddress
Attributes associated with the subject (user
or machine, in this case). Not all of these
fields are populated in a certificate.
Issuer-DN, Issuer-DC, Issuer-UID, Issuer-CN, Issuer-GN,
Issuer-SN, Issuer-C, Issuer-L, Issuer-ST, Issuer-O, IssuerOU, Issuer-emailAddress
Attributes associated with the issuer
(Certificate Authorities or the enterprise
CA). Not all of these fields are populated in
a certificate.
Subject-AltName-Email, Subject-AltName-DNS, SubjectAltName-URI, Subject-AltName-DirName, SubjectAltName-IPAddress, Subject-AltName-RegisterdID,
Subject-AltName-msUPN
Attributes associated with the subject (user
or machine, in this case) alternate name.
Not all of these fields are populated in a
certificate.
Certificate namespace appears in the following editing contexts:
n
l
Role mapping policies
Tips Namespace - Tips namespace has two pre-defined attributes: Role and Posture. Values are assigned to these
attributes at run-time after Policy Manager evaluates role mapping and posture related policies. The value for the
Role attribute is a set of roles assigned by the either the role mapping policy or the post-audit policy. The value
value of the Role attribute can also be a dynamically fetched “Enable as role” attribute from the authorization
source. The value for the Posture attribute is one of HEALTHY, CHECKUP, TRANSITION, QUARANTINE,
INFECTED or UNKNOWN. The posture value is computed after Policy Manager evaluates internal posture
policies, gets posture status from posture servers or audit servers.
Tips namespace appears in the following editing contexts:
n
Enforcement policies
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333
l
Host Namespace - Host namespace has a number of pre-defined attributes: Name, OSType, FQDN, UserAgent,
CheckType, UniqueID, AgentType and InstalledSHAs. Host:Name, Host:OSType, Host:FQDN, Host:AgentType,
Host:InstalledSHAs are only populated when request is originated by a Microsot NAP-compatible agent.
UserAgent and CheckType are present when Policy Manager acts as a Web authentication portal.
l
Endpoint Namespace - Endpoint namespace has the following attributes: Disabled By, Disabled Reason, Enabled
By, Enabled Reason, Info URL. Use these attributes look for attributes of authenticating endpoints (present in the
Policy Manager endpoints list).
l
Device Namespace - Device namespace has the attributes associated with the network device that originated the
request. Device namespace has four pre-defined attributes: Location, OS-Version, Device-Type and Device-Vendor.
Custom attributes also appear in the attribute list if they are defined as custom tags for the device. Note that these
attribtues can be used only if you have pre-populated the values for these attributes when a network device is
configured in Policy Manager.
l
LocalUser Namespace - LocalUser namespace has the attributes associated with the local user (resident in the
Policy Manager local user database) who authenticated in this session. As the name suggests, this namespace is
only applicable if a local user authenticated. LocalUser namespace has four pre-defined attributes: Phone, Email,
Sponsor and Designation. Custom attributes also appear in the attribute list if they are defined as custom tags for
the local user. Note that these attribtues can be used only if you have pre-populated the values for these attributes
when a local user is configured in Policy Manager.
l
GuestUser Namespace - GuestUser namespace has the attributes associated with the guest user (resident in the
Policy Manager guest user database) who authenticated in this session. As the name suggests, this namespace is
only applicable if a guest user authenticated. GuestUser namespace has six pre-defined attributes: Company-Name,
Location, Phone, Email, Sponsor and Designation. Custom attributes also appear in the attribute list if they are
defined as custom tags for the guest user. Note that these attribtues can be used only if you have pre-populated the
values for these attributes when a guest user is configured in Policy Manager.
l
Audit Namespace - Dictionaries in the audit namespace come pre-packaged with the product. Audit namespace has
the notation Vendor:Audit, where Vendor is the name of the Company that has defined attributes in the dictionary.
An example of a dictionary in the audit namespace is: Avenda Systems:Audit or Qualys:Audit.
n
Audit namespace appears when editing post-audit rules. (See " Audit Servers " on page 199for more
information.)
n
Avenda Systems:Audit namespace appears when editing post-audit rules for NESSUS and NMAP audit servers.
The attribute names and possible values with descriptions are shown in the table below:
Table 235: Audit Namespace Attributes
334
Attribute Name
Values
Audit-Status
AUDIT_SUCCESS, AUDIT_INPROGRESS or AUDIT_ERROR
Device-Type
Type of device returned by an NMAP port scan
Output-Msgs
The output message returned by Nessus plugin after a vulnerability scan
Network-Apps
String representation of the open network ports (http, telnet, etc.)
Mac-Vendor
Vendor associated with MAC address of the host
OS-Info
OS information string returned by NMAP
Open-Ports
The port numbers of open applications on the host
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l
Tacacs Namespace - Tacacs namespace has the attributes associated with attributes available in a TACACS+
request. Available attributes are AvendaAVPair, UserName and AuthSource.
l
Application Namespace - Application namespace has a name attribute. This attribute is an enumerated type
currently containing the following string values: Guest, Insight.
Variables
Variables are populated with the connection-specific values. Variable names (prefixed with % and enclosed in curly
braces; for example, %{Username}”) can be used in filters, role mapping, enforcement rules and enforcement profiles.
Policy Manager does in-place substitution of the value of the variable during runtime rule evaluation. The following
built-in variables are supported in Policy Manager:
Table 236: Policy Manager Variables
Variable
Description
%{attributename}
attribute-name is the alias name for an attribute that you have configured to be
retrieved from an authentication source. See "Adding and Modifying
Authentication Sources " on page 128.
%
{RADIUS:IETF:MACAddress-Colon}
MAC address of client in aa:bb:cc:dd:ee:ff format
%
{RADIUS:IETF:MACAddress-Hyphen}
MAC address of client in aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff format
%
{RADIUS:IETF:MACAddress-Dot}
MAC address of client in aabb.ccdd.eeff format
%
{RADIUS:IETF:MACAddress-NoDelim}
MAC address of client in aabbccddeeff format
Note that you can also use any other dictionary-based attributes (or namespace attributes defined in this chapter) as
variables in role mapping rules, enforcement rules, enforcement profiles and LDAP or SQL filters. For example, you can
use %{RADIUS:IETF:Calling-Station-ID} or %{RADIUS:Airespace:Airespace-Wlan-Id} in rules or filters.
Operators
The rules editing interface in Policy Manager supports a rich set of operators. The type of operators presented in the UI
is based on the data type of the attribute for which the operator is being used. Wherever the data type of the attribute
is not known, the UI treats that attribute as a string type. The following table lists the operators presented for common
attribute data types:
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335
Table 237: Attribute Operators
Attribute
Type
Operators
String
EQUALS, NOT_EQUALS, CONTAINS, NOT_CONTAINS, BEGINS_WITH, NOT_
BEGINS_WITH, ENDS_WITH, NOT_ENDS_WITH, BELONGS_TO, NOT_BELONGS_TO,
EQUALS_IGNORE_CASE, NOT_EQUALS_IGNORE_CASE, MATCHES_REGEX, NOT_
MATCHES_REGEX, EXISTS, NOT_EXISTS
Integer
EQUALS, NOT_EQUALS, GREATER_THAN, GREATER_THAN_OR_EQUALS, LESS_
THAN, LESS_THAN_OR_EQUALS, EXISTS, NOT_EXISTS, BELONGS_TO, NOT_
BELONGS_TO
Time or Date
EQUALS, NOT_EQUALS, GREATER_THAN, GREATER_THAN_OR_EQUALS, LESS_
THAN, LESS_THAN_OR_EQUALS, IN_RANGE
Day
BELONGS_TO, NOT_BELONGS_TO
List
(Example:
Role)
EQUALS, NOT_EQUALS, MATCHES_ANY, NOT_MATCHES_ANY, MATCHES_ALL,
NOT_MATCHES_ALL, MATCHES_EXACT, NOT_MATCHES_EXACT
Group
(Example:
CallingStation-Id,
NAS-IPAddress)
BELONGS_TO_GROUP, NOT_BELONGS_TO_GROUP, and all string data types
The following table describes all the operator types:
Table 238: Operator Types
336
Operator
Description
EQUALS
True if the run-time value of the attribute matches the configured value. For string data
type, this is a case-sensitive comparison.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Identifier EQUALS "SJ-VPN-DEVICE"
CONTAINS
For string data type, true if the run-time value of the attribute is a substring of the
configured value.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Identifier CONTAINS "VPN"
BEGINS_
WITH
For string data type, true if the run-time value of the attribute begins with the configured
value.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Identifier BEGINS_WITH "SJ-"
ENDS_
WITH
For string data type, true if the run-time value of the attribute ends with the configured
value.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Identifier ENDS_WITH "DEVICE"
BELONGS_
TO
For string data type, true if the run-time value of the attribute matches a set of configured
string values.
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
Operator
Description
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:Service-Type BELONGS_TO Login-User,FramedUser,Authenticate-Only
For integer data type, true if the run-time value of the attribute matches a set of configured
integer values.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Port BELONGS_TO 1,2,3
For day data type, true if run-time value of the attribute matches a set of configured days of
the week.
E.g., Date:Day-of-Week BELONGS_TO MONDAY,TUESDAY,WEDNESDAY
When Policy Manager is aware of the values that can be assigned to BELONGS_TO
operator, it populates the value field with those values in a multi-select list box; you can
select the appropriate values from the presented list. Otherwise, you must enter a comma
separated list of values.
EQUALS_
IGNORE_
CASE
For string data type, true if the run-time value of the attribute matches the configured value,
regardless of whether the string is upper case or lower case.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Identifier EQUALS_IGNORE_CASE "sj-vpn-device"
MATCHES_
REGEX
For string data type, true if the run-time value of the attribute matches the regular
expression in the configured value.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Identifier MATCHES_REGEX sj-device[1-9]-dev*
EXISTS
For string data type, true if the run-time value of the attribute exists. This is a unary
operator.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Identifier EXISTS
GREATER_
THAN
For integer, time and date data types, true if the run-time value of the attribute is greater
than the configured value.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Port GREATER_THAN 10
GREATER_
THAN_OR_
EQUALS
For integer, time and date data types, true if the run-time value of the attribute is greater
than or equal to the configured value.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Port GREATER_THAN_OR_EQUALS 10
LESS_
THAN
For integer, time and date data types, true if the run-time value of the attribute is less than
the configured value.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Port LESS_THAN 10
LESS_
THAN_OR_
EQUALS
For integer, time and date data types, true if the run-time value of the attribute is less than
or equal to the configured value.
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:NAS-Port LESS_THAN_OR_EQUALS 10
IN_RANGE
For time and date data types, true if the run-time value of the attribute is less than or equal
to the first configured value and less than equal to the second configured value.
E.g., Date:Date-of-Year IN_RANGE 2007-06-06,2007-06-12
MATCHES_
ANY
For list data types, true if any of the run-time values in the list matches one of the
configured values.
E.g., Tips:Role MATCHES_ANY HR,ENG,FINANCE
MATCHES_
ALL
For list data types, true if all of the run-time values in the list are found in the configured
values.
E.g., Tips:Role MATCHES_ALL HR,ENG,FINANCE. In this example, if the run-time values
of Tips:Role are HR,ENG,FINANCE,MGR,ACCT the condition evaluates to true.
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Operator
Description
MATCHES_
EXACT
For list data types, true if all of the run-time values of the attribute match all of the
configured values.
E.g., Tips:Role MATCHES_ALL HR,ENG,FINANCE. In this example, if the run-time values
of Tips:Role are HR,ENG,FINANCE,MGR,ACCT the condition evaluates to false, because
there are some values in the configured values that are not present in the run-time values.
BELONGS_
TO_
GROUP
For group data types, true if the run-time value of the attribute belongs to the configured
group (either a static host list or a network device group, depending on the attribute).
E.g., RADIUS:IETF:Calling-Station-Id BELONGS_TO_GROUP Printers.
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Appendix C
Error Codes, SNMP Traps, and System Events
This appendix contains listings of ClearPass Policy Manager error codes, SNMP traps, and system
events.
l
Error Codes
l
SNMP Trap Details
l
Important System Events
Error Codes
The following table shows the CPPM error codes.
Code
Description
Type
0
Success
Success
101
Failed to perform service classification
Internal Error
102
Failed to perform policy evaluation
Internal Error
103
Failed to perform posture notification
Internal Error
104
Failed to query authstatus
Internal Error
105
Internal error in performing authentication
Internal Error
106
Internal error in RADIUS server
Internal Error
201
User not found
Authentication failure
202
Password mismatch
Authentication failure
203
Failed to contact AuthSource
Authentication failure
204
Failed to classify request to service
Authentication failure
205
AuthSource not configured for service
Authentication failure
206
Access denied by policy
Authentication failure
207
Failed to get client macAddress to perform webauth
Authentication failure
208
No response from home server
Authentication failure
209
No password in request
Authentication failure
210
Unknown CA in client certificate
Authentication failure
211
Client certificate not valid
Authentication failure
212
Client certificate has expired
Authentication failure
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340
Code
Description
Type
213
Certificate comparison failed
Authentication failure
214
No certificate in authentication source
Authentication failure
215
TLS session error
Authentication failure
216
User authentication failed
Authentication failure
217
Search failed due to insufficient permissions
Authentication failure
218
Authentication source timed out
Authentication failure
219
Bad search filter
Authentication failure
220
Search failed
Authentication failure
221
Authentication source error
Authentication failure
222
Password change error
Authentication failure
223
Username not available in request
Authentication failure
224
CallingStationID not available in request
Authentication failure
225
User account disabled
Authentication failure
226
User account expired or not active yet
Authentication failure
227
User account needs approval
Authentication failure
5001
Internal Error
Command and Control
5002
Invalid MAC Address
Command and Control
5003
Invalid request received
Command and Control
5004
Insufficient parameters received
Command and Control
5005
Query - No MAC address record found
Command and Control
5006
Query - No supported actions
Command and Control
5007
Query - Cannot fetch MAC address details
Command and Control
5008
Request - MAC address not online
Command and Control
5009
Request - No MAC address record found
Command and Control
6001
Unsupported Tacacs parameter in request
TACACS Protocol
6002
Invalid sequence number
TACSCS Protocol
6003
Sequence number overflow
TACACS Protocol
6101
Not enough inputs to perform authentication
TACACS Authentication
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Code
Description
Type
6102
Authentication privilege level mismatch
TACACS Authentication
6103
No enforcement profiles matched to perform authentication
TACACS Authentication
6201
Authorization failed as session is not authenticated
TACACS Authorization
6202
Authorization privilege level mismatch
TACACS Authorization
6203
Command not allowed
TACACS Authorization
6204
No enforcement profiles matched to perform command
authorization
TACACS Authorization
6301
New password entered does not match
TACACS Change
Password
6302
Empty password
TACACS Change
Password
6303
Change password allowed only for local users
TACACS Change
Password
6304
Internal error in performing change password
TACACS Change
Password
9001
Wrong shared secret
RADIUS Protocol
9002
Request timed out
RADIUS Protocol
9003
Phase2 PAC failure
RADIUS Protocol
9004
Client rejected after PAC provisioning
RADIUS Protocol
9005
Client does not support posture request
RADIUS Protocol
9006
Received error TLV from client
RADIUS Protocol
9007
Received failure TLV from client
RADIUS Protocol
9008
Phase2 PAC not found
RADIUS Protocol
9009
Unknown Phase2 PAC
RADIUS Protocol
9010
Invalid Phase2 PAC
RADIUS Protocol
9011
PAC verification failed
RADIUS Protocol
9012
PAC binding failed
RADIUS Protocol
9013
Session resumption failed
RADIUS Protocol
9014
Cached session data error
RADIUS Protocol
9015
Client does not support configured EAP methods
RADIUS Protocol
9016
Client did not send Cryptobinding TLV
RADIUS Protocol
9017
Failed to contact OCSP Server
RADIUS Protocol
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SNMP Trap Details
CPPM leverages native SNMP support from the 'net-snmp' package to send trap notifications for the following events:
1. snmp daemon trap events
Trap OIDs:
.1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.1
.1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.2
2. CPPM processes stop and start events
Trap OIDs:
.1.3.6.1.2.1.88.2.0.2 [mteTriggerRising]
.1.3.6.1.2.1.88.2.0.3 [mteTriggerFalling]
3. Network interface up and down events
Trap OIDs:
.1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.3:
.1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.4:
4. Disk utilization threshold exceed events
Trap OIDs:
.1.3.6.1.2.1.88.2.0.2 [mteTriggerRising]
.1.3.6.1.2.1.88.2.0.3 [mteTriggerFalling]
5. CPU load average exceed events for 1, 5 and 15 mins thresholds
Trap OIDs:
.1.3.6.1.2.1.88.2.0.2 [mteTriggerRising]
.1.3.6.1.2.1.88.2.0.3 [mteTriggerFalling]
The following are the OIDs for the various trap events that are sent from CPPM.
snmp daemon traps:
.1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.1 ==> Coldstart trap indicating the reinitialization of 'netsnmp' daemon and its configuration
file may have been altered
.1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.2 ==> Warmstart trap indicating the reinitialization of 'netsnmp' daemon and its configuration
file is not altered
Process status traps:
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.100.X ==> Error flag on a process status. The value will be set to 1, if the process is
stopped and set to 0 if the process is running.
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.101.X ==> Error message on the process status. The value will contain the error message
when the process is stopped and will be empty when the process is running.
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.X ==> Name of the process for which the status is reported as indicated by above trap
OIDs.
In all the above trap OIDs, the value of X varies from 1 through N depending on the number of process status being
checked. Details of the specific OIDs associated with the processes are listed in the next section.
Example 1
The following example shows the OIDs and the values set when Policy Server process is stopped
OID: .1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.100.1:
Value: INTEGER: 1:
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.1: policy_server:
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.101.1: No policy_server process running.:
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Example 2
The following example shows the trap OIDs and the values set when Policy Server process is running:
OID: .1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.100.1:
Value: INTEGER: 0:
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.1: policy_server:
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.101.1:
CPPM Processes and OIDs
The following is a list of monitored CPPM processes and the corresponding OID list associated with these processes:
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.1: policy_server: ==> Policy Server Module
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.2: TacacsServer: ==> Tacacs Server module
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.3: londiste: ==> Cluster operation process
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.4: radiusd: ==> Radius server
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.5: launch-dbcn-dae: ==> Database change notification module
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.6: frontend-tomcat: ==> Administration UI instance
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.7: backend-tomcat: ==> System auxialiary service
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.8: snmpd: ==> net-snmp daemon
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.9: launch-async-ne: ==> Asynchronous network services
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.10: winbindd: ==> Domain services
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.2.1.2.11: launch-battery: ==> Multi-master cache
CPU Load Average Traps
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.10.1.100.1 ==> Error flag on the CPU load-1 average. Value of 1 indicates the load-1 has crossed
its threshold and 0 indicates otherwise.
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.10.1.2.1 ==> Name of CPU load-1 average
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.10.1.100.2 ==> Error flag on the CPU load-5 average. Value of 1 indicates the load-5 has crossed
its threshold and 0 indicates otherwise.
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.10.1.2.2 ==> Name of CPU load-5 average
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.10.1.100.3 ==> Error flag on the CPU load-15 average. Value of 1 indicates the load-15 has
crossed its threshold and 0 indicates otherwise.
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.10.1.2.3 ==> Name of CPU load-15 average
Disk space threshold traps:
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.9.1.100.1 ==> Error flag indicating the disk or partition is under the minimum required space
configured for it. Value of 1 indicates the system has reached the threshold and 0 indicates otherwise.
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.9.1.2.1 ==> Name of the partition which has met the above condition
Network interface status traps:
.1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.3 ==> Indicates the linkdown trap with the 'ifAdminStatus' and 'ifOperStatus' values set to 2.
.1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.4 ==> Indicates the linkup trap with the 'ifAdminStatus' and 'ifOperStatus' values set to 1.
In both the cases, 'ifIndex' value is set to 2 for management interface and 3 for the data port interface.
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Important System Events
This topic describes the important System Events logged by ClearPass. These messages are available for consumption
on the administrative interface, and in the form of a syslog stream. The events below are in the following format
<Source>, <Level>, <Category>, <Message>
Elements listed below within angular brackets (<content>) are variable, and are substituted by ClearPass as applicable
(such as an IP address).
Refer to the "Service Names" on page 348 section for the list of available service names.
Admin UI Events
Critical Events
“Admin UI”, “ERROR” “Email Failed”, “Sending email failed”
“Admin UI”, “ERROR” “SMS Failed”, “Sending SMS failed”
“Admin UI”, “WARN”, “Login Failed”, “User:<X>”
"Admin UI", "WARN", "Login Failed", description
Info Events
"Admin UI", "INFO", "Logged out"
"Admin UI", "INFO", "Session destroyed"
"Admin UI", "INFO", "Logged in", description
"Admin UI", "INFO", "Clear Authentication Cache", “Cache is cleared for authentication source <X>"
"Admin UI", "INFO", "Clear Blacklist User Cache", “Blacklist Users cache is cleared for authentication source <X>"
"Admin UI", "INFO", "Server Certificate", "Subject:<X>“, "Updated"
"Admin UI", "INFO", "Updated Nessus Plugins"
"Install Update", "INFO", "Installing Update", "File: <X>", "Success"
"Admin UI", “INFO” “Email Successful”, “Sending email succeeded”
"Admin UI", “INFO” “SMS Successful”, “Sending SMS succeeded”
Admin Server Events
Info Events
“Admin server”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on Admin server”
Async Service Events
Info Events
“Async DB write service”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on Async DB write service”
“Multi-master cache”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on Multi-master cache”
“Async netd service”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on Async netd service”
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ClearPass/Domain Controller Events
Critical Events
“netleave”, “ERROR”, “Failed to remove <HOSTNAME> from the domain <DOMAIN_NAME>”
“netjoin”, “WARN”, “configuration”, “<HOSTNAME> failed to join the domain <DOMAIN NAME> with domain
controller as <DOMAIN CONTROLLER>”
Info Events
“Netjoin”, “INFO”, "<HOSTNAME> joined the domain <REALM>"
“Netjoin”, “INFO”, “<HOSTNAME> removed from the domain <DOMAIN_NAME>“
ClearPass System Configuration Events
Critical Events
“DNS”, “ERROR”, “Failed configure DNS servers = <X>”
“datetime”, “ERROR”, “Failed to change system datetime.”
“hostname”, “ERROR”, “Setting hostname to <X> failed”
“ipaddress”, “ERROR”, “Testing cluster node connectivity failed”
“System TimeCheck “, “ WARN ,” , “Restarting CPPM services as the system detected time drift , Current system
time= 2013-07-27 17:00:01, System time 5 mins back = 2013-01-25 16:55:01”
Info Events
“Cluster”, “INFO”, “Setup”, “Database initialized”
“hostname”, “INFO”, “configuration”, “Hostname set to <X>”
“ipaddress”, “INFO”, “configuration”, Management port information updated to - IpAddress = <X>, Netmask = <X>,
Gateway = <X>”
“IpAddress”, “INFO”, "Data port information updated to - IpAddress = <X>, Netmask = <Y>, Gateway = <Z>"
“DNS”, “INFO”, “configuration”, “Successfully configured DNS servers - <X>”
“Time Config”, “INFO”, “Remote Time Server”, “Old List: <X>\nNew List: <Y>”
“timezone”, “INFO”, “configuration”, “”
“datetime”, “INFO”, “configuration”, “Successfully changed system datetime.\nOld time was <X>”
ClearPass Update Events
Critical Events
“Install Update”, “ERROR”, “Installing Update”, “File: <X>”, “Failed with exit status - <Y>”
“ClearPass Firmware Update Checker”, “ERROR”, “Firmware Update Checker”, “No subscription ID was supplied. To
find new plugins, you must provide your subscription ID in the application configuration”
Info Events
“ClearPass Updater”, “INFO”, “Hotfixes Updates”, “Updated Hotfixes from File”
“ClearPass Updater”, “INFO”, “Fingerprints Updates”, “Updated fingerprints from File”
“ClearPass Updater”, “INFO”, “Updated AV/AS from ClearPass Portal (Online)”
“ClearPass Updater”, “INFO”,” Updated Hotfixes from ClearPass Portal (Online)”
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Cluster Events
Critical Events
“Cluster”, “ERROR”, “SetupSubscriber”, “Failed to add subscriber node with management IP=<IP>“
Info Events
"AddNode", “INFO”, "Added subscriber node with management IP=<IP>"
"DropNode", “INFO”, "Dropping node with management IP=<IP>, hostname=<Hostname>"
Command Line Events
Info Events
"Command Line”, “INFO”, “User:appadmin"
DB Replication Services Events
Info Events
"DB replication service”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on DB replication service”
"DB replication service”, “INFO”, “Performed action stop on DB replication service”
“DB change notification server”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on DB change notification server”
“DB replication service”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on DB replication service”
Licensing Events
Critical Events
“Admin UI”, “WARN”, “Activation Failed”, “Action Status: This Activation Request Token is already in use by
another instance\nProduct Name: Policy Manager\nLicense Type: <X>\nUser Count: <Y>”
Info Events
“Admin UI”, “INFO”, “Add License”, “Product Name: Policy Manager\nLicense Type: <X>\nUser Count: <Y>”
Policy Server Events
Info Events
“Policy Server”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on Policy server”
“Policy Server”, “INFO”, “Performed action stop on Policy server”
RADIUS/TACACS+ Server Events
Critical Events
“TacacsServer”, “ERROR”, “Request”, “Nad Ip=<X> not configured”
“RADIUS”, “WARN”, “Authentication”, “Ignoring request from unknown client <IP>:<PORT>”
“RADIUS”, “ERROR”, “Authentication”, “Received packet from <IP> with invalid Message-Authenticator! (Shared
secret is incorrect.)”
“RADIUS”, “ERROR”, “Received Accounting-Response packet from client <IP Address> port 1813 with invalid
signature (err=2)! (Shared secret is incorrect.)”
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“RADIUS”, “ERROR”, “Received Access-Accept packet from client <IP Address> port 1812 with invalid signature
(err=2)! (Shared secret is incorrect.)”
Info Events
“RADIUS”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on Radius server”
“RADIUS”, “INFO”, “Performed action restart on Radius server
“TACACS server”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on TACACS server”
“TACACS server”, “INFO”, “Performed action stop on TACACS server”
SNMP Events
Critical Events
“SnmpService”, “ERROR”, “ReadDeviceInfo”, “SNMP GET failed for device <X> with error=No response
received\nReading sysObjectId failed for device=<X>\nReading switch initialization info failed for <X>”
"SnmpService","ERROR", "Error fetching table snmpTargetAddr. Request timed out. Error reading SNMP target table
for NAD=10.1.1.1 Maybe SNMP target address table is not supported by device? Allow NAD update. SNMP GET
failed for device 10.1.1.1 with error=No response received Reading sysObjectId failed for device=10.1.1.1 Reading
switch initialization info failed for 10.1.1.1”
Info Events
“SnmpService”, “INFO”, “Device information not read for <Ip Address> since no traps are configured to this node”
Support Shell Events
Info Events
“Support Shell” , “INFO”, “User:arubasupport”
System Auxiliary Service Events
Info Events
“System auxiliary service”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on System auxiliary service”
System Monitor Events
Critical Events
“Sysmon”, “ERROR”, “System”, “System is running with low memory. Available memory = <X>%”
“Sysmon”, “ERROR”, “System”, “System is running with low disk space. Available disk space = <X>%”
“System TimeCheck”, “WARN”, “Restart Services”, “Restarting CPPM services as the system detected time drift.
Current system time= <X>, System time 5 mins back = <Y>”
Info Events
“<Service Name>”, “INFO”, “restart”, “Performed action restart on <Service Name>”
“SYSTEM”, “INFO”, “<X> restarted”, “System monitor restarted <X>, as it seemed to have stopped abruptly”
"SYSTEM", "ERROR", "Updating CRLs failed", "Could not retrieve CRL from <URL>."
“System monitor service”, “INFO”, “Performed action start on System monitor service”
"Shutdown” “INFO” system "System is shutting down" Success
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Service Names
348
l
AirGroup notification service
l
Async DB write service
l
Async network services
l
DB change notification server
l
DB replication service
l
Micros Fidelio FIAS
l
Multi-master cache
l
Policy server
l
RADIUS server
l
System auxiliary services
l
System monitor service
l
TACACS server
l
Virtual IP service
l
[YOURSERVERNAME] Domain service
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Appendix D
Software Copyright and License Statements
This appendix lists the copyright notices for the binary distribution from Aruba Networks. A copy of the source code
is available for portions of the software whose copyright statement requires Aruba Networks to publish any modified
source code. To cover the costs of duplication and shipping, there is a nominal cost to obtain the source code material.
To obtain a copy of the source code, contact info@arubanetworks.com.
Copyright statements for portions of software are listed below.
PostgreSQL Copyright
PostgreSQL is Copyright © 2004-2010 by the PostgreSQL Global Development Group and is distributed under the
terms of the license of the University of California below.
Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its documentation for any purpose, without fee, and
without a written agreement is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph and the
following two paragraphs appear in all copies.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA BE LIABLE TO ANY PARTY FOR DIRECT,
INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST PROFITS, ARISING
OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE AND ITS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF THE UNIVERSITY OF
CALIFORNIA HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. THE SOFTWARE PROVIDED HEREUNDER IS ON AN "AS-IS" BASIS, AND THE UNIVERSITY OF
CALIFORNIA HAS NO OBLIGATIONS TO PROVIDE MAINTENANCE, SUPPORT, UPDATES,
ENHANCEMENTS, OR MODIFICATIONS.
GNU LGPL
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
[This is the first released version of the library GPL. It is numbered 2 because it goes with version 2 of the ordinary
GPL.]
Preamble
The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU
General Public Licenses are intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the
software is free for all its users.
This license, the Library General Public License, applies to some specially designated Free Software Foundation
software, and to any other libraries whose authors decide to use it. You can use it for your libraries, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to
make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish), that
ClearPass Policy Manager 6.1 | User Guide
349
you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free
programs; and that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to
surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the library,
or if you modify it.
For example, if you distribute copies of the library, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the
rights that we gave you. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. If you link a program
with the library, you must provide complete object files to the recipients so that they can relink them with the library,
after making changes to the library and recompiling it. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.
Our method of protecting your rights has two steps: (1) copyright the library, and (2) offer you this license which gives
you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the library.
Also, for each distributor's protection, we want to make certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty for
this free library. If the library is modified by someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what
they have is not the original version, so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original authors'
reputations.
Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to avoid the danger that companies
distributing free software will individually obtain patent licenses, thus in effect transforming the program into
proprietary software. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or
not licensed at all.
Most GNU software, including some libraries, is covered by the ordinary GNU General Public License, which was
designed for utility programs. This license, the GNU Library General Public License, applies to certain designated
libraries. This license is quite different from the ordinary one; be sure to read it in full, and don't assume that anything
in it is the same as in the ordinary license.
The reason we have a separate public license for some libraries is that they blur the distinction we usually make
between modifying or adding to a program and simply using it. Linking a program with a library, without changing
the library, is in some sense simply using the library, and is analogous to running a utility program or application
program. However, in a textual and legal sense, the linked executable is a combined work, a derivative of the original
library, and the ordinary General Public License treats it as such.
Because of this blurred distinction, using the ordinary General Public License for libraries did not effectively promote
software sharing, because most developers did not use the libraries. We concluded that weaker conditions might
promote sharing better.
However, unrestricted linking of non-free programs would deprive the users of those programs of all benefit from the
free status of the libraries themselves. This Library General Public License is intended to permit developers of non-free
programs to use free libraries, while preserving your freedom as a user of such programs to change the free libraries that
are incorporated in them. (We have not seen how to achieve this as regards changes in header files, but we have
achieved it as regards changes in the actual functions of the Library.) The hope is that this will lead to faster
development of free libraries.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow. Pay close attention to the
difference between a "work based on the library" and a "work that uses the library". The former contains code derived
from the library, while the latter only works together with the library.
Note that it is possible for a library to be covered by the ordinary General Public License rather than by this special
one.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
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0. This License Agreement applies to any software library which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder or
other authorized party saying it may be distributed under the terms of this Library General Public License (also called
"this License"). Each licensee is addressed as "you".
A "library" means a collection of software functions and/or data prepared so as to be conveniently linked with
application programs (which use some of those functions and data) to form executables.
The "Library", below, refers to any such software library or work which has been distributed under these terms. A
"work based on the Library" means either the Library or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a
work containing the Library or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated straightforwardly
into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".)
"Source code" for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications to it. For a library, complete
source code means all the source code for all modules it contains, plus any associated interface definition files, plus the
scripts used to control compilation and installation of the library.
Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope.
The act of running a program using the Library is not restricted, and output from such a program is covered only if its
contents constitute a work based on the Library (independent of the use of the Library in a tool for writing it). Whether
that is true depends on what the Library does and what the program that uses the Library does.
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interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the Program under this License may add an explicit geographical
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NO WARRANTY
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WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS"
WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
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OR CORRECTION.
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COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE
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INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO
OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN
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END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
Lighthttpd License
Copyright (c) 2004, Jan Kneschke, incremental
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the
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THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY
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http://www.apache.org/licenses/
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR USE, REPRODUCTION, AND DISTRIBUTION
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1. You must give any other recipients of the Work or Derivative Works a copy of this License; and
2. You must cause any modified files to carry prominent notices stating that You changed the files; and
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3. You must retain, in the Source form of any Derivative Works that You distribute, all copyright, patent, trademark,
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4. If the Work includes a "NOTICE" text file as part of its distribution, then any Derivative Works that You distribute
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END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
OpenSSL License
/* ==============================================
* Copyright (c) 1998-2007 The OpenSSL Project. All rights reserved.
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*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
*
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
*
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
* the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
* distribution.
*
* 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
* software must display the following acknowledgment:
* "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
* for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.openssl.org/)"
*
* 4. The names "OpenSSL Toolkit" and "OpenSSL Project" must not be used to
* endorse or promote products derived from this software without
* prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
* openssl-core@openssl.org.
*
* 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenSSL"
* nor may "OpenSSL" appear in their names without prior written
* permission of the OpenSSL Project.
*
* 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
* acknowledgment:
* "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
* for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.openssl.org/)"
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenSSL PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
* EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
* PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenSSL PROJECT OR
* ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
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* SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
* NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
* LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
* STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
* OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
* ==============================================
*
* This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
* (eay@cryptsoft.com). This product includes software written by Tim
* Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
*
*/
Original SSLeay License
----------------------/* Copyright (C) 1995-1998 Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)
* All rights reserved.
*
* This package is an SSL implementation written
* by Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com).
* The implementation was written so as to conform with Netscapes SSL.
*
* This library is free for commercial and non-commercial use as long as
* the following conditions are aheared to. The following conditions
* apply to all code found in this distribution, be it the RC4, RSA,
* lhash, DES, etc., code; not just the SSL code. The SSL documentation
* included with this distribution is covered by the same copyright terms
* except that the holder is Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
*
* Copyright remains Eric Young's, and as such any Copyright notices in
* the code are not to be removed.
* If this package is used in a product, Eric Young should be given attribution
* as the author of the parts of the library used.
* This can be in the form of a textual message at program startup or
* in documentation (online or textual) provided with the package.
*
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* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
* must display the following acknowledgement:
* "This product includes cryptographic software written by
* Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)"
* The word 'cryptographic' can be left out if the rouines from the library
* being used are not cryptographic related :-).
* 4. If you include any Windows specific code (or a derivative thereof) from
* the apps directory (application code) you must include an acknowledgement:
* "This product includes software written by Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com"
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ERIC YOUNG ``AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
* OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
* LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*
* The licence and distribution terms for any publically available version or
* derivative of this code cannot be changed. i.e. this code cannot simply be
* copied and put under another distribution licence
* [including the GNU Public Licence.] */
OpenLDAP License
The OpenLDAP Public License
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Version 2.8, 17 August 2003
Redistribution and use of this software and associated documentation ("Software"), with or without modification, are
permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
1. Redistributions in source form must retain copyright statements and notices,
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce applicable copyright statements and notices, this list of conditions,
and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution, and
3. Redistributions must contain a verbatim copy of this document. The OpenLDAP Foundation may revise this license
from time to time. Each revision is distinguished by a version number. You may use this Software under terms of this
license revision or under the terms of any subsequent revision of the license.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OPENLDAP FOUNDATION AND ITS CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS'' AND
ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OPENLDAP FOUNDATION, ITS CONTRIBUTORS, OR THE AUTHOR(S) OR
OWNER(S) OF THE SOFTWARE BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
The names of the authors and copyright holders must not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the sale, use
or other dealing in this Software without specific, written prior permission. Title to copyright in this Software shall at
all times remain with copyright holders.
OpenLDAP is a registered trademark of the OpenLDAP Foundation. Copyright 1999-2003 The OpenLDAP
Foundation, Redwood City, California, USA. All Rights Reserved. Permission to copy and distribute verbatim copies
of this document is granted.
gSOAP Public License
Portions created by gSOAP are Copyright (C) 2001-2004 Robert A. van Engelen, Genivia inc. All Rights Reserved.
THE SOFTWARE IN THIS PRODUCT WAS IN PART PROVIDED BY GENIVIA INC AND ANY EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT
SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE
GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER
CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE."
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