ADSL 2/2+ Firewall Router User'

ADSL 2/2+
Firewall Router
ADE-4301A/B, ADW-4301A/B
User's Manual
Copyright
Copyright 2005 by PLANET Technology Corp. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system,
or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the
prior written permission of PLANET.
PLANET makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with
respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is
sold or licensed "as is". Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not this company, its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the
entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any incidental or consequential
damages resulting from any defect in the software. Further, this company reserves
the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes..
All brand and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective holders.
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will
not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by
one or more of the following measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution:
To assure continued compliance.(example-use only shielded interface cables when
connecting to computer or peripheral devices). Any changes or modifications not
expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s
authority to operate the equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the Following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2 )
this Device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation Exposure
Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency
exposure limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20 cm(8
inches) during normal operation.
ii
R&TTE Compliance Statement
This equipment complies with all the requirements of DIRECTIVE 1999/5/CE OF
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF 9 March 1999 on radio
equipment and telecommunication terminal Equipment and the mutual recognition of
their conformity (R&TTE)
The R&TTE Directive repeals and replaces in the directive 98/13/EEC (Telecommunications Terminal Equipment and Satellite Earth Station Equipment) As of April
8,2000.
Safety
This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install
and use it. However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric shock
and static electricity when working with electrical equipment. All guidelines of this
and of the computer manufacture must therefore be allowed at all times to ensure
the safe use of the equipment.
Revision
User’s Manual for PLANET ADSL 2/2+ Firewall Router, PLANET 802.11g Wireless ADSL 2/2+ Firewall Router
Model: ADE-4301A/B, ADW-4301A/B
Rev: 1.0 (March. 2005)
Part No. EM-ADE4301_ADW4301
iii
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................... 1
ADE-4301/ADW-4301 Features............................................................................. 1
Package Contents ................................................................................................. 3
Physical Details..................................................................................................... 5
CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION........................................................................................ 8
Requirements ........................................................................................................ 8
Procedure .............................................................................................................. 8
CHAPTER 3 SETUP .................................................................................................... 10
Overview .............................................................................................................. 10
Configuration Program....................................................................................... 11
Setup Wizard ....................................................................................................... 12
Home Screen ....................................................................................................... 14
LAN Screen .......................................................................................................... 15
Wireless Screen (ADW-4301 only) ..................................................................... 17
Wireless Security (ADW-4301 only)................................................................... 19
Trusted Wireless Stations (ADW-4301 only) .................................................... 21
Password Screen ................................................................................................ 23
Mode Screen........................................................................................................ 24
CHAPTER 4 PC CONFIGURATION............................................................................ 25
Overview .............................................................................................................. 25
Windows Clients ................................................................................................. 25
Macintosh Clients ............................................................................................... 36
Linux Clients........................................................................................................ 36
Other Unix Systems ............................................................................................ 36
Wireless Station Configuration (ADW-4301 only) ............................................ 37
Wireless Configuration on Windows XP (ADW-4301 only) ............................. 37
CHAPTER 5 OPERATION AND STATUS................................................................... 46
Operation - Router Mode.................................................................................... 46
Status Screen ...................................................................................................... 46
Connection Status - PPPoE & PPPoA............................................................... 48
Connection Details - Dynamic IP Address........................................................ 49
Connection Details - Fixed IP Address ............................................................. 51
CHAPTER 6 ADVANCED FEATURES........................................................................ 52
Overview .............................................................................................................. 52
Internet ................................................................................................................. 52
Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server) ............................................................... 56
Firewall Rules ...................................................................................................... 58
Firewall Services ................................................................................................. 63
Options................................................................................................................. 65
Schedule .............................................................................................................. 66
Virtual Servers..................................................................................................... 68
CHAPTER 7 ADVANCED ADMINISTRATION............................................................ 71
Overview .............................................................................................................. 71
PC Database ........................................................................................................ 72
Config File............................................................................................................ 76
Logging ................................................................................................................ 77
E-mail ................................................................................................................... 79
Diagnostics.......................................................................................................... 81
Remote Admin..................................................................................................... 82
Routing................................................................................................................. 84
i
Upgrade Firmware............................................................................................... 88
CHAPTER 8 MODEM MODE ...................................................................................... 89
Overview .............................................................................................................. 89
Management Connections ................................................................................. 89
Home Screen ....................................................................................................... 90
ADSL Screen........................................................................................................ 91
Operation ............................................................................................................. 91
Status Screen ...................................................................................................... 92
APPENDIX A TROUBLESHOOTING.......................................................................... 94
Overview .............................................................................................................. 94
General Problems ............................................................................................... 94
Internet Access.................................................................................................... 94
Wireless Access (ADW-4301 only) .................................................................... 95
APPENDIX B ABOUT WIRELESS LANS(ADW-4301 ONLY) .................................... 97
Modes................................................................................................................... 97
BSS/ESS............................................................................................................... 97
Channels .............................................................................................................. 98
WEP ...................................................................................................................... 98
WPA-PSK ............................................................................................................. 98
Wireless LAN Configuration .............................................................................. 99
APPENDIX C SPECIFICATIONS .............................................................................. 100
ADSL 2/2+ Firewall Router ............................................................................... 100
Wireless Interface (ADW-4301 only)................................................................ 101
Regulatory Approvals....................................................................................... 102
ii
Chapter 1
Introduction
1
This Chapter provides an overview of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's features and capabilities.
Congratulations on the purchase of your new ADE-4301/ADW-4301. The ADE4301/ADW-4301 is a multi-function device providing the following services:
•
•
•
ADSL 2/2+ Modem.
Shared Broadband Internet Access for all LAN users.
Wireless Access Point for 802.11b and 802.11g Wireless Stations. (ADW4301 only)
•
4-Port Switching Hub for 10BaseT or 100BaseT connections.
Figure 1: ADE-4301/ADW-4301
ADE-4301/ADW-4301 Features
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 incorporates many advanced features, carefully designed
to provide sophisticated functions while being easy to use.
Internet Access Features
•
Shared Internet Access. All users on the LAN or WLAN can access the
Internet through the ADE-4301/ADW-4301, using only a single external IP Address.
The local (invalid) IP Addresses are hidden from external sources. This process is
called NAT (Network Address Translation).
•
Built-in ADSL 2/2+ Modem. The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 has a built-in ADSL
2/2+ modem, supporting all common ADSL 2/2+ connections.
•
IPoA, PPPoE, PPPoA, Direct Connection Support. The ADE-4301/ADW4301 supports all common connection methods.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
•
Auto-detection of Internet Connection Method. In most situations, the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301 can test your ADSL and Internet connection to determine
the connection method used by your ISP.
•
Fixed or Dynamic IP Address. On the Internet (WAN port) connection, the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301 supports both Dynamic IP Address (IP Address is allocated
on connection) and Fixed IP Address.
Advanced Internet Functions
•
Application Level Gateways (ALGs). Applications which use non-standard
connections or port numbers are normally blocked by the Firewall. The ability to
define and allow such applications is provided, to enable such applications to be
used normally.
•
Special Applications. This feature, also called Port Triggering, allows you to
use Internet applications which normally do not function when used behind a firewall.
•
Virtual Servers. This feature allows Internet users to access Internet servers on
your LAN. The required setup is quick and easy.
•
Dynamic DNS Support. DDNS, when used with the Virtual Servers feature,
allows users to connect to Servers on your LAN using a Domain Name, even if you
have a dynamic IP address which changes every time you connect.
•
URL Filter. Use the URL Filter to block access to undesirable Web sites by LAN
users.
•
Firewall. As well as the built-in firewall to protect your LAN, you can define
Firewall Rules to determine which incoming and outgoing traffic should be permitted.
•
Scheduling. Both the URL Filter and Firewall rules can be scheduled to operate
only at certain times. This provides great flexibility in controlling Internet -bound
traffic.
•
Logs. Define what data is recorded in the Logs, and optionally send log data to a
Syslog Server. Log data can also be E-mailed to you.
•
VPN Pass through Support. PCs with VPN (Virtual Private Networking)
software using PPTP, L2TP and IPSec are transparently supported - no configuration is required.
Wireless Features (ADW-4301 only)
•
Standards Compliant. The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 complies with the
IEEE802.11g (DSSS) specifications for Wireless LANs.
•
Supports both 802.11b and 802.11g Wireless Stations. The 802.11g
standard provides for backward compatibility with the 802.11b standard, so both
802.11b and 802.11g Wireless stations can be used simultaneously.
•
Speeds to 54Mbps. All speeds up to the 802.11g maximum of 54Mbps are
supported.
•
WEP support. Support for WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is included. Key
sizes of 64 Bit and 128 Bit are supported. WEP encrypts any data before transmission, providing protection against snoopers.
•
WPA-PSK support. Like WEP, WPA-PSK encrypts any data before transmission, providing protection against snoopers. The WPA-PSK is a later standard than
WEP, and provides both easier configuration and greater security than WEP.
2
Introduction
•
Wireless MAC Access Control. The Wireless Access Control feature can
check the MAC address (hardware address) of Wireless stations to ensure that
only trusted Wireless Stations can access your LAN.
•
Simple Configuration. If the default settings are unsuitable, they can be
changed quickly and easily.
LAN Features
•
4-Port Switching Hub. The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 incorporates a 4-port
10/100BaseT switching hub, making it easy to create or extend your LAN.
•
DHCP Server Support. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol provides a
dynamic IP address to PCs and other devices upon request. The ADE-4301/ADW4301 can act as a DHCP Server for devices on your local LAN and WLAN.
Configuration & Management
•
Easy Setup. Use your WEB browser from anywhere on the LAN or WLAN for
configuration.
•
Configuration File Upload/Download. Save (download) the configuration
data from the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 to your PC, and restore (upload) a previouslysaved configuration file to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
•
Remote Management. The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 can be managed from any
PC on your LAN or Wireless LAN. And, if the Internet connection exists, it can also
(optionally) be configured via the Internet.
•
Network Diagnostics. You can use the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 to perform a
Ping or DNS lookup.
Security Features
•
Password - protected Configuration. Password protection is provided to
prevent unauthorized users from modifying the configuration data and settings.
•
Wireless LAN Security.(ADW-4301 only) WPA-PSK, WEP and Wireless
access control by MAC address are all supported. The MAC-level access control
feature can be used to prevent unknown wireless stations from accessing your
LAN.
•
NAT Protection. An intrinsic side effect of NAT (Network Address Translation)
technology is that by allowing all LAN users to share a single IP address, the location and even the existence of each PC is hidden. From the external viewpoint,
there is no network, only a single device - the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
•
Firewall. All incoming data packets are monitored and all incoming server requests are filtered, thus protecting your network from malicious attacks from
external sources.
•
Protection against DoS attacks. DoS (Denial of Service) attacks can flood
your Internet connection with invalid packets and connection requests, using so
much bandwidth and so many resources that Internet access becomes unavailable.
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 incorporates protection against DoS attacks.
Package Contents
The following items should be included. If any of these items are damaged or missing,
please contact your dealer immediately.
•
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 Unit
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
•
Quick Installation Guide
•
User’s Manual CD
•
Power Adapter
•
1 RJ-45 Cable
•
1 RJ-11 (ADSL) cable
4
Introduction
Physical Details
Front-mounted LEDs of ADE-4301
Figure 2-1: Front Panel of ADE-4301
Front-mounted LEDs of ADW-4301
Figure 3-2: Front Panel of ADW-4301
PWR LED
On - Power on.
Off - No power.
STATUS
LED
LAN LED
WLAN LED
(ADW-4301
only)
Off - Normal operation.
Blinking - This LED blinks during start up, and during a Firmware
Upgrade.
For each port, there are 2 LEDs, to indicate the connection speed
(10BaseT or 100BaseT) of each port.
•
100 LNK/ACT - This will be ON if the LAN connection is using
100BaseT, and Blinking if data is being transferred via the corresponding LAN port.
•
10 LNK/ACT - This will be ON if the LAN connection is using
10BaseT, and Blinking if data is being transferred via the
corresponding LAN port.
•
If neither LED is on, there is no active connection on the corresponding LAN port.
On - Wireless enabled.
Off - No Wireless connections currently exist.
Flashing - Data is being transmitted or received via the Wireless
access point. This includes "network traffic" as well as user data.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
ADSL LED
On - ADSL connection is available.
Off - No ADSL connection available.
Flashing - Data is being transmitted or received via the ADSL
connection.
6
Introduction
Rear Panel
Figure 4: Rear Panel of ADE-4301
Figure 4: Rear Panel of ADW-4301
Power port (12V
DC)
Connect the supplied power adapter here.
POWER button
A switch to power on or power off. Just provided by ADW-4301.
10/100BaseT
LAN connections
Use standard LAN cables (RJ45 connectors) to connect your
PCs to these ports.
Note:
Any LAN port on the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 will automatically
function as an "Uplink" port when required. Just connect any
port to a normal port on the other hub, using a standard LAN
cable.
Reset Button
(Reset to Defaults)
This button will reset the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 to the factory
default settings.
To do this, press and hold the Reset Button for five (5) seconds, until the Status LED is lit, then release the Reset Button,
and wait the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 to restart using the factory
default values.
ADSL port
Connect this port to your ADSL line.
7
Chapter 2
Installation
2
This Chapter covers the physical installation of the ADE-4301/ADW4301.
Requirements
•
Network cables. Use standard 10/100BaseT network (UTP) cables with RJ45
connectors.
•
TCP/IP protocol must be installed on all PCs.
•
For Internet Access, an Internet Access account with an ISP, and a DSL connection.
•
To use the Wireless Access Point, all Wireless devices must be compliant with the
IEEE 802.11g or IEEE 802.11b specifications.
Procedure
1. Choose an Installation Site
Select a suitable place on the network to install the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
For best Wireless reception and performance, the ADW-4301
should be positioned in a central location with minimum
obstructions between the ADW-4301 and the PCs.
Also, if using multiple Access Points, adjacent Access
Points should use different Channels.
2. Connect LAN Cables
Use standard LAN cables to connect PCs to the Switching Hub ports on the ADE4301/ADW-4301. Both 10BaseT and 100BaseT connections can be used simultaneously.
If required, connect any port to a normal port on another Hub, using a standard
LAN cable. Any LAN port on the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 will automatically function
as an "Uplink" port when required.
3. Connect ADSL Cable
Connect the supplied ADSL cable from to the WAN port on the ADE-4301/ADW4301 (the RJ11 connector) to the ADSL terminator provided by your phone company.
4. Power Up
Connect the supplied power adapter to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 and power up.
Use only the power adapter provided. Using a different one may cause hardware
damage
8
Installation
5. Check the LEDs
•
The PWR LED should be ON.
•
The STATUS LED should flash, then turn Off. If it stays on or blinking after 60
seconds, there is a hardware error.
•
For each LAN (PC) connection, one of the LAN LEDs should be ON (provided the
PC is also ON.)
•
The WLAN LED should be ON. (ADW-4301 only)
•
The ADSL LED should be ON if ADSL line is connected.
For more information, refer to Front-mounted LEDs in Chapter 1.
9
3
Chapter 3
Setup
This Chapter provides Setup details of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Overview
This chapter describes the setup procedure for:
•
Internet Access
•
LAN configuration
•
Wireless setup (ADW-4301 only)
•
Assigning a Password to protect the configuration data.
PCs on your local LAN may also require configuration. For details, see Chapter 4 - PC
Configuration.
Other configuration may also be required, depending on which features and functions
of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 you wish to use. Use the table below to locate detailed
instructions for the required functions.
To Do this:
Refer to:
Configure PCs on your LAN.
Chapter 4:
PC Configuration
Check ADE-4301/ADW-4301 operation and Status.
Chapter 5:
Operation and Status
Use any of the following Advanced features:
Chapter 6:
Advanced Features
•
Internet
•
Dynamic DNS
•
Firewall Rules
•
Firewall Services
•
Schedule
•
Virtual Servers
Use any of the following Administration Configuration
settings or features:
•
PC Database
•
Config File
•
Logging
•
E-mail
•
Diagnostics
•
Remote Admin
•
Routing
•
Upgrade Firmware
Chapter 7
Advanced Administration
10
Setup
Configuration Program
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 contains an HTTP server. This enables you to connect to it,
and configure it, using your Web Browser. Your Browser must support JavaScript.
The configuration program has been tested on the following browsers:
•
Netscape V4.08 or later
•
Netscape 7
•
Internet Explorer V5.01 or later
Preparation
Before attempting to configure the ADE-4301/ADW-4301, please ensure that:
•
Your PC can establish a physical connection to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301. The PC
and the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 must be directly connected (using the Hub ports on
the ADE-4301/ADW-4301) or on the same LAN segment.
•
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 must be installed and powered ON.
•
If the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's default IP Address (192.168.0.1) is already used by
another device, the other device must be turned OFF until the ADE-4301/ADW4301 is allocated a new IP Address during configuration.
Using your Web Browser
To establish a connection from your PC to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301:
1. After installing the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 in your LAN, start your PC. If your PC is
already running, restart it.
2. Start your WEB browser.
3. In the Address box, enter "HTTP://" and the IP Address of the ADE-4301/ADW4301, as in this example, which uses the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's default IP Address:
HTTP://192.168.0.1
4. For the first time to enter the web interface, it will not display login window till the
password is set up. The password is blank by default.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
If you can't connect
If the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 does not respond, check the following:
•
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 is properly installed, LAN connection is OK,
and it is powered ON. You can test the connection by using the "Ping"
command:
•
Open the MS-DOS window or command prompt window.
•
Enter the command:
ping 192.168.0.1
If no response is received, either the connection is not working, or
your PC's IP address is not compatible with the ADE-4301/ADW4301's IP Address. (See next item.)
•
If your PC is using a fixed IP Address, its IP Address must be within the
range 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 to be compatible with the ADE4301/ADW-4301's default IP Address of 192.168.0.1. Also, the Network
Mask must be set to 255.255.255.0. See Chapter 4 - PC Configuration
for details on checking your PC's TCP/IP settings.
•
Ensure that your PC and the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 are on the same
network segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the case.)
•
Ensure you are using the wired LAN interface. The Wireless interface
can only be used if its configuration matches your PC's wireless settings.
Setup Wizard
The first time you connect to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301, the Setup Wizard will run
automatically. (The Setup Wizard will also run if the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's default
settings are restored.)
1. Step through the Wizard until finished.
•
You need the data supplied by your ISP. Most connection methods require
some data input.
• The common connection types are explained in the following table.
2. On the final screen of the Wizard, run the test and check that an Internet connection can be established.
3. If the connection test fails:
•
Check all connections, and the front panel LEDs.
•
Check that you have entered all data correctly.
12
Setup
Common Connection Types
Type
Details
ISP Data required
Dynamic
IP Address
Your IP Address is allocated
automatically, when you connect to you ISP.
a) ADSL parameters (VPI and
VCI) may be required, if they
cannot be detected automatically.
b) Some ISP's may require you
to use a particular Hostname
or Domain name, or MAC
(physical) address.
Static (Fixed)
IP Address
Your ISP allocates a permanent IP Address to you.
Usually, the connection is
"Always on".
a) ADSL parameters (VPI and
VCI) may be required, if they
cannot be detected automatically.
b) IP Address allocated to you,
and related information, such
as Network Mask, Gateway IP
address, and DNS address.
PPPoE, PPPoA
You connect to the ISP only
when required. The IP address
is usually allocated automatically.
a) ADSL parameters (VPI and
VCI) may be required, if they
cannot be detected automatically.
b) User name and password
are always required.
c) If using a Static (Fixed) IP
address, you need the IP
address and related information (Network Mask, Gateway
IP address, and DNS address)
IPoA
(IP over ATM)
Normally, the connection is
"Always on".
a) ADSL parameters (VPI and
VCI) may be required, if they
cannot be detected automatically.
b) IP Address allocated to you,
and related information, such
as Network Mask, Gateway IP
address, and DNS address.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Home Screen
After finishing the Setup Wizard, you will see the Home screen. When you connect in
future, you will see this screen when you connect. An example screen is shown below.
Figure 5: Home Screen
Main Menu
The main menu, on the left, contains links to the most-commonly used screen. To see
the links to the other available screens, click "Advanced" or "Administration".
The main menu also contains two (2) buttons:
•
Log Out - When finished, you should click this button to logout.
•
Restart - Use this if you wish to restart the ADE-4301/ADW-4301. Note that restarting the Router will break any existing connections to or through the Router.
Navigation & Data Input
•
Use the menu bar on the left of the screen, and the "Back" button on your Browser,
for navigation.
•
Changing to another screen without clicking "Save" does NOT save any changes
you may have made. You must "Save" before changing screens or your data will
be ignored.
On each screen, clicking the "Help" button will
display help for that screen.
14
Setup
LAN Screen
Use the LAN link on the main menu to reach the LAN screen. An example screen is
shown below.
Figure 6: LAN Screen
Data - LAN Screen
TCP/IP
IP Address
IP address for the ADE-4301/ADW-4301, as seen from the local
LAN. Use the default value unless the address is already in use
or your LAN is using a different IP address range. In the latter
case, enter an unused IP Address from within the range used by
your LAN.
Subnet Mask
The default value 255.255.255.0 is standard for small (class "C")
networks. For other networks, use the Subnet Mask for the LAN
segment to which the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 is attached (the
same value as the PCs on that LAN segment).
DHCP Server
•
If Enabled, the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 will allocate IP Addresses to PCs (DHCP clients) on your LAN when they start
up. The default (and recommended) value is Enabled.
•
If you are already using a DHCP Server, this setting must be
Disabled, and the existing DHCP server must be reconfigured to treat the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 as the default
Gateway. See the following section for further details.
•
The Start IP Address and Finish IP Address fields set the
values used by the DHCP server when allocating IP Addresses to DHCP clients. This range also determines the
number of DHCP clients supported.
See the following section for further details on using DHCP.
DHCP
What DHCP Does
A DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) Server allocates a valid IP address to
a DHCP Client (PC or device) upon request.
•
The client request is made when the client device starts up (boots).
•
The DHCP Server provides the Gateway and DNS addresses to the client, as well
as allocating an IP Address.
15
Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
•
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 can act as a DHCP server.
•
Windows 95/98/ME and other non-Server versions of Windows will act as a DHCP
client. This is the default Windows setting for the TCP/IP network protocol. However, Windows uses the term Obtain an IP Address automatically instead of
"DHCP Client".
•
You must NOT have two (2) or more DHCP Servers on the same LAN segment. (If
your LAN does not have other Routers, this means there must only be one (1)
DHCP Server on your LAN.)
Using the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's DHCP Server
This is the default setting. The DHCP Server settings are on the LAN screen. On this
screen, you can:
•
Enable or Disable the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's DHCP Server function.
•
Set the range of IP Addresses allocated to PCs by the DHCP Server function.
You can assign Fixed IP Addresses to some devices
while using DHCP, provided that the Fixed IP Addresses
are NOT within the range used by the DHCP Server.
Using another DHCP Server
You can only use one (1) DHCP Server per LAN segment. If you wish to use another
DHCP Server, rather than the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's, the following procedure is
required.
•
Disable the DHCP Server feature in the ADE-4301/ADW-4301. This setting is on
the LAN screen.
•
Configure the DHCP Server to provide the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's IP Address as
the Default Gateway.
To Configure your PCs to use DHCP
This is the default setting for TCP/IP for all non-Server versions of Windows.
See Chapter 4 - Client Configuration for the procedure to check these settings.
16
Setup
Wireless Screen (ADW-4301 only)
The ADW-4301's settings must match the other Wireless stations.
Note that the ADW-4301 will automatically accept both 802.11b and 802.11g connections, and no configuration is required for this feature.
To change the ADW-4301's default settings for the Wireless Access Point feature, use
the Wireless link on the main menu to reach the Wireless screen. An example screen
is shown below.
Figure 7: Wireless Screen
Data - Wireless Screen
Identification
Regulatory
Domain
Station name
SSID
(ESSID)
Select the correct domain for your location. It is your responsibility to ensure:
•
That the ADW-4301 is only used in domains for which is
licensed.
•
That you select the correct domain, so that only the legal
channels for that domain can be selected.
This is the same as the "Device Name" for the ADW-4301.
•
If using an ESS (Extended Service Set, with multiple access
points) this ID is called an ESSID (Extended Service Set
Identifier).
•
To communicate, all Wireless stations should use the same
SSID/ESSID.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Options
Mode
Channel No.
Broadcast
SSID
Select the desired mode:
•
g & b - Both 802.11.g and 802.11b Wireless stations will be
able to use the ADW-4301.
•
g only - Only 802.11g Wireless stations can use the ADW4301.
•
b only - Only 802.11b connections are available. 802.11g
Wireless Stations will only be able to use the ADW-4301 if
they are fully backward-compatible with the 802.11b standard.
•
Select the Channel you wish to use on your Wireless LAN.
•
If you experience interference (shown by lost connections
and/or slow data transfers) you may need to experiment with
different channels to see which is the best.
•
If using multiple Access Points, adjacent Access Points
should use different Channels to reduce interference.
If enabled, the ADW-4301 will broadcast its SSID. This allows
PCs and other wireless stations to detect this Access Point and
use the correct SSID.
If disabled, PC users will have to manually enter the SSID and
other details of the wireless interface before they can connect to
this Access Point.
Wireless Security
Current Setting
The current Wireless security is displayed. The default value is
disabled.
Configure
Button
Click this button to access the Wireless security sub-screen, and
view or change the settings. See the following section for details.
Access Point
Enable Wireless
Access Point
Allow access
by …
Enable this if you want to use Wireless Access Point function. If
disabled, no Wireless stations can use the Access Point function, and all connections must be make via the wired LAN.
Use this feature to determine which Wireless stations can use
the Access Point. The options are:
• All Wireless Stations - All wireless stations can use the
access point, provided they have the correct SSID and security settings.
•
Set Stations
Button
Trusted Wireless stations only - Only wireless stations you
designate as "Trusted" can use the Access Point, even if
they have the correct SSID and security settings.
This feature uses the MAC address to identify Wireless stations. The MAC address is a low-level network identifier
which is unique to each PC or network device.
To define the trusted wireless stations, use the "Set Stations"
button.
Click this button to manage the trusted PC database.
18
Setup
Wireless Security (ADW-4301 only)
This screen is accessed by clicking the "Configure" button on the Wireless screen.
There are 3 options for Wireless security:
•
Disabled - no data encryption is used.
•
WEP - data is encrypted using the WEP standard.
•
WPA-PSK - data is encrypted using the WPA-PSK standard. This is a later standard than WEP, and provides much better security than WEP. If all your Wireless
stations support WPA-PSK, you should use WPA-PSK rather than WEP.
WEP Wireless Security
Figure 8: WEP
Data - WEP Screen
WEP Data Encryption
WEP Data
Encryption
Select the option to match other Wireless Stations:
•
64 Bit - data is encrypted, using the default key, before being
transmitted. You must enter at least the default key. For 64
Bit Encryption, the key size is 10 chars in HEX (0~9 and
A~F).
•
128 Bit - data is encrypted, using the default key, before
being transmitted. You must enter at least the default key.
For 128 Bit Encryption, the key size is 26 chars in HEX (0~9
and A~F).
Authentication
Type
Normally, this should be left at the default value of "Automatic".
If changed to "Open System" or "Shared Key", ensure that your
Wireless Stations use the same setting.
Default Key
Select the key you wish to be the default. Transmitted data is
ALWAYS encrypted using the Default Key; the other Keys are for
decryption only.
You must enter a Key Value for the Default Key.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Key Value
Enter the key value or values you wish to use. The Default Key
is required, the other keys are optional. Other stations must have
the same key.
Passphrase
If desired, you can generate a key from a phrase, instead of
entering the key value directly. Enter the desired phrase, and
click the "Generate Keys" button.
WPA-PSK Wireless Security
Figure 9: WPA-PSK
Data - WPA-PSK Screen
Security
System
WPA-PSK
PSK
Enter the PSK (network key). Data is encrypted using a key
derived from the network key. Other Wireless Stations must
use the same network key. The PSK must be from 8 to 63
characters in length.
WPA Encryption
The WPA-PSK standard allows different encryption methods to
be used. Select the desired option. Wireless Stations must use
the same encryption method.
Like WEP, data is encrypted before transmission. WPA is more
secure than WEP, and should be used if possible. WPA-PSK is
the version of WPA, which does NOT require a Radius Server
on your LAN.
20
Setup
Trusted Wireless Stations (ADW-4301 only)
This feature can be used to prevent unknown Wireless stations from using the Access
Point. This list has no effect unless the setting Allow access by trusted stations only is
enabled.
To change the list of trusted wireless stations, use the Modify List button on the Access Control screen. You will see a screen like the sample below.
Figure 10: Trusted Wireless Stations
Data - Trusted Wireless Stations
Trusted Wireless
Stations
This lists any Wireless Stations which you have designated
as “Trusted”.
Other Wireless
Stations
This list any Wireless Stations detected by the Access Point,
which you have not designated as "Trusted".
Name
The name assigned to the Trusted Wireless Station. Use this
when adding or editing a Trusted Station.
Address
The MAC (physical) address of the Trusted Wireless Station.
Use this when adding or editing a Trusted Station.
Buttons
<<
>>
Add a Trusted Wireless Station to the list (move from the
"Other Stations" list).
•
Select an entry (or entries) in the "Other Stations" list, and
click the " << " button.
•
Enter the Address (MAC or physical address) of the
wireless station, and click the "Add " button.
Delete a Trusted Wireless Station from the list (move to the
"Other Stations" list).
•
Select an entry (or entries) in the "Trusted Stations" list.
•
Click the " >> " button.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Edit
4. To change an existing entry in the "Trusted Stations" list,
select it and click this button.
1. Select the Station in the Trusted Station list.
2. Click the Edit button. The address will be copied to the
"Address" field, and the Add button will change to Update.
3. Edit the address (MAC or physical address) as required.
4. Click Update to save your changes.
Add (Update)
To add a Trusted Station which is not in the "Other Wireless
Stations" list, enter the required data and click this button.
When editing an existing Wireless Station, this button will
change from Add to Update.
Clear
Clear the Name and Address fields.
22
Setup
Password Screen
The password screen allows you to assign a password to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Figure 11: Password Screen
Old Password
Enter the existing password in this field.
New password
Enter the new password here.
Verify password
Re-enter the new password here.
You will be prompted for the password when you connect, as shown below.
Figure 12: Password Dialog
•
The "User Name" is always admin
•
Enter the password for the ADE-4301/ADW-4301, as set on the Password screen
above.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Mode Screen
Use this screen to change the mode between Router mode and Modem (Bridge) mode.
Figure 13: Mode Screen
Select the desired option, and click "Save".
Router
Both the ADSL Modem and the Router features are operational. In
this mode, this device can provide shared Internet Access to all your
LAN users. Also, by default, it acts a DHCP Server, providing an IP
address and related information to all Wireless and LAN users.
Modem
Only the ADSL Modem component is operational.
•
All Router features are disabled. This device is "transparent" - it
does not perform any operations or make any changes to the
network traffic passing through it.
•
You need to have a DHCP Server on your LAN to provide IP
addresses to the Wireless clients using this Access Point.
•
All traffic received on either the Wireless or LAN interface will be
sent over the ADSL connection.
Notes:
•
Generally, you should NOT use modem mode. Only select this mode if you are
sure this is what you want.
•
After changing the mode, this device will restart, which will take a few seconds.
The menu will also change, depending on the mode you are in.
•
The Wireless Access Point can function in either Router or Modem mode. But
generally it is not a good idea to combine a Modem with an Access Point, because
all data received from the wireless stations will be sent over the modem connection. (Since the modem is transparent, it does not examine the traffic to determine
whether the traffic is for the LAN or the WAN.)
•
For details on using Modem Mode, see Chapter 8.
24
Chapter 4
PC Configuration
4
This Chapter details the PC Configuration required on the local ("Internal") LAN.
Overview
For each PC, the following may need to be configured:
•
TCP/IP network settings
•
Internet Access configuration
•
Wireless configuration
Windows Clients
This section describes how to configure Windows clients for Internet access via the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
The first step is to check the PC's TCP/IP settings.
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 uses the TCP/IP network protocol for all functions, so it is
essential that the TCP/IP protocol be installed and configured on each PC.
TCP/IP Settings - Overview
If using the default ADE-4301/ADW-4301 settings, and the default Windows TCP/IP settings, no changes need to be made.
•
By default, the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 will act as a DHCP Server, automatically
providing a suitable IP Address (and related information) to each PC when the PC
boots.
•
For all non-Server versions of Windows, the default TCP/IP setting is to act as a
DHCP client.
If using a Fixed (specified) IP address, the following changes are required:
•
The Gateway must be set to the IP address of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301
•
The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP.
If your LAN has a Router, the LAN Administrator must reconfigure the Router itself. Refer to Chapter 8 - Advanced
Setup for details.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 9x/ME:
1. Select Control Panel - Network. You should see a screen like the following:
Figure 14: Network Configuration
2. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
3. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
Figure 15: IP Address (Win 95)
Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct, as follows:
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the
default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the ADE4301/ADW-4301 will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Using "Specify an IP Address"
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making
the following changes:
26
PC Configuration
•
On the Gateway tab, enter the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's IP address in the New
Gateway field and click Add, as shown below. Your LAN administrator can advise
you of the IP Address they assigned to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Figure 16: Gateway Tab (Win 95/98)
•
On the DNS Configuration tab, ensure Enable DNS is selected. If the DNS Server
Search Order list is empty, enter the DNS address provided by your ISP in the
fields beside the Add button, then click Add.
Figure 17: DNS Tab (Win 95/98)
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows NT4.0
1. Select Control Panel - Network, and, on the Protocols tab, select the TCP/IP
protocol, as shown below.
Figure 18: Windows NT4.0 - TCP/IP
2. Click the Properties button to see a screen like the one below.
Figure 19: Windows NT4.0 - IP Address
28
PC Configuration
3. Select the network card for your LAN.
4. Select the appropriate radio button - Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server or
Specify an IP Address, as explained below.
Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server
This is the default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301 will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Specify an IP Address
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making
the following changes.
1. The Default Gateway must be set to the IP address of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
To set this:
•
Click the Advanced button on the screen above.
•
On the following screen, click the Add button in the Gateways panel, and enter
the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's IP address, as shown in Figure 20 below.
•
If necessary, use the Up button to make the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 the first entry in the Gateways list.
Figure 20 - Windows NT4.0 - Add Gateway
2. The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP, as follows:
•
Click the DNS tab.
•
On the DNS screen, shown below, click the Add button (under DNS Service
Search Order), and enter the DNS provided by your ISP.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Figure 21: Windows NT4.0 - DNS
30
PC Configuration
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 2000:
1. Select Control Panel - Network and Dial-up Connection.
2. Right - click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties. You should see
a screen like the following:
Figure 22: Network Configuration (Win 2000)
3. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
Figure 23: TCP/IP Properties (Win 2000)
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct, as described below.
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the
default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the ADE4301/ADW-4301 will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making
the following changes.
•
Enter the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's IP address in the Default gateway field and click
OK. (Your LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to
the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.)
•
If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses,
and enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.
32
PC Configuration
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows XP
1. Select Control Panel - Network Connection.
2. Right click the Local Area Connection and choose Properties. You should see a
screen like the following:
Figure 24: Network Configuration (Windows XP)
3. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Figure 25: TCP/IP Properties (Windows XP)
5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct.
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is the
default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the ADE4301/ADW-4301 will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before making
the following changes.
•
In the Default gateway field, enter the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's IP address and click
OK. Your LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
•
If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses,
and enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then click OK.
34
PC Configuration
Internet Access
To configure your PCs to use the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 for Internet access:
•
Ensure that the DSL modem, Cable modem, or other permanent connection is
functional.
•
Use the following procedure to configure your Browser to access the Internet via
the LAN, rather than by a Dial-up connection.
For Windows 9x/ME/2000
1. Select Start Menu - Settings - Control Panel - Internet Options.
2. Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.
3. Select "I want to set up my Internet connection manually, or I want to connect
through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.
4. Select "I connect through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.
5. Ensure all of the boxes on the following Local area network Internet Configuration
screen are unchecked.
6. Check the "No" option when prompted "Do you want to set up an Internet mail
account now?".
7. Click Finish to close the Internet Connection Wizard.
Setup is now completed.
For Windows XP
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Select Start Menu - Control Panel - Network and Internet Connections.
Select Set up or change your Internet Connection.
Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.
Cancel the pop-up "Location Information" screen.
Click Next on the "New Connection Wizard" screen.
Select "Connect to the Internet" and click Next.
Select "Set up my connection manually" and click Next.
Check "Connect using a broadband connection that is always on" and click Next.
Click Finish to close the New Connection Wizard.
Setup is now completed.
Accessing AOL
To access AOL (America On Line) through the ADE-4301/ADW-4301, the AOL for
Windows software must be configured to use TCP/IP network access, rather than a
dial-up connection. The configuration process is as follows:
•
Start the AOL for Windows communication software. Ensure that it is Version 2.5,
3.0 or later. This procedure will not work with earlier versions.
•
Click the Setup button.
•
Select Create Location, and change the location name from "New Locality" to
"ADE-4301/ADW-4301".
•
Click Edit Location. Select TCP/IP for the Network field. (Leave the Phone Number
blank.)
•
Click Save, then OK.
Configuration is now complete.
•
Before clicking "Sign On", always ensure that you are using the "ADE-4301/ADW4301" location.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Macintosh Clients
From your Macintosh, you can access the Internet via the ADE-4301/ADW-4301. The
procedure is as follows.
1. Open the TCP/IP Control Panel.
2. Select Ethernet from the Connect via pop-up menu.
3. Select Using DHCP Server from the Configure pop-up menu. The DHCP Client ID
field can be left blank.
4. Close the TCP/IP panel, saving your settings.
Note:
If using manually assigned IP addresses instead of DHCP, the required changes are:
•
Set the Router Address field to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's IP Address.
•
Ensure your DNS settings are correct.
Linux Clients
To access the Internet via the ADE-4301/ADW-4301, it is only necessary to set the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301 as the "Gateway".
Ensure you are logged in as "root" before attempting any changes.
Fixed IP Address
By default, most Unix installations use a fixed IP Address. If you wish to continue using
a fixed IP Address, make the following changes to your configuration.
•
Set your "Default Gateway" to the IP Address of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
•
Ensure your DNS (Name server) settings are correct.
To act as a DHCP Client (recommended)
The procedure below may vary according to your version of Linux and X -windows
shell.
1. Start your X Windows client.
2. Select Control Panel - Network
3. Select the "Interface" entry for your Network card. Normally, this will be called
"eth0".
4. Click the Edit button, set the "protocol" to "DHCP", and save this data.
5. To apply your changes
•
Use the "Deactivate" and "Activate" buttons, if available.
•
OR, restart your system.
Other Unix Systems
To access the Internet via the ADE-4301/ADW-4301:
• Ensure the "Gateway" field for your network card is set to the IP Address of the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
•
Ensure your DNS (Name Server) settings are correct.
36
PC Configuration
Wireless Station Configuration (ADW-4301 only)
This section applies to all Wireless stations wishing to use the ADW-4301's Access
Point, regardless of the operating system which is used on the client.
To use the Wireless Access Point in the ADW-4301, each Wireless Station must have
compatible settings, as follows:
Mode
The mode must be set to Infrastructure (rather than Ad-hoc)
Access points only operate in Infrastructure mode.
SSID (ESSID)
This must match the value used on the ADW-4301. The default
value is Wireless.
Note! The SSID is case sensitive.
Wireless
Security
By default, Wireless security on the ADW-4301 is disabled.
•
If Wireless security remains disabled on the ADW-4301, all
stations must have wireless security disabled.
•
If Wireless security is enabled on the Wireless Router (either
WEP or WPA-PSK), each station must use the same settings
as the Wireless ADLS Router.
Wireless Configuration on Windows XP (ADW-4301 only)
If using Windows XP to configure the Wireless interface on your PC, the configuration
procedure is as follows:
1. Open the Network Connections folder. (Start - Settings - Network Connections).
Figure 26: Network Connections (Windows XP)
2. Right-click the Wireless Network Connection, check that it is enabled (menu option
says Disable, rather than Enable) and then select View Available Wireless Networks.
3. You will then see a list of wireless networks.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Figure 27 Wireless Networks (Windows XP)
If the "Broadcast SSID" setting on the ADW-4301 has
been disabled, its SSID will NOT be listed.
See the following section "If the SSID is not listed" for
details of dealing with this situation.
4. The next step depends on whether or not Wireless security has been enabled on
the ADW-4301.
If Wireless Security is Disabled
If Wireless security on the ADW-4301 is disabled, Windows will warn you that the
Wireless network is not secure.
Figure 28 Wireless Networks (Windows XP)
To connect:
•
Check the checkbox Allow me to connect to the selected wireless network, even
though it is not secure.
•
The Connect button will then be available. Click the Connect button, and wait a few
seconds for the connection to be established.
38
PC Configuration
If using WEP Data Encryption
If WEP data encryption has been enabled on the ADW-4301, Windows will detect this,
and show a screen like the following.
Figure 29: WEP (Windows XP)
To connect:
•
Enter the WEP key, as set on the ADW-4301, in the Network Key field.
•
Re-enter the WEP key into the Confirm Network key field.
•
Disable the checkbox Enable IEEE 802.1x authentication for this network.
•
Click the Connect button.
If this fails, click the Advanced button, to see a screen like the following:
Figure 30: Advanced - Wireless Networks
Select the SSID for the ADW-4301, and click Configure, to see a screen like the following:
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Figure 31: Wireless Network Properties - WEP
Configure this screen as follows:
•
Set Network Authentication to match the ADW-4301. (If the setting on the ADW4301 is "Auto", then either Open or Shared can be used.)
•
For Data Encryption, select WEP.
•
For the Network key and Confirm network key, enter the default key value used
on the ADW-4301. (Windows will determine if 64bit or 128bit encryption is used.)
•
The Key index must match the default key index on the ADW-4301. The default
value is 1.
•
Ensure the options The key is provided for me automatically and This is a computer-to-computer (ad hoc) network are unchecked.
•
Click OK to save and close this dialog.
•
This wireless network will now be listed in Preferred Networks on the screen below.
40
PC Configuration
Figure 32: Preferred Networks
Click OK to establish a connection to the ADW-4301.
If using WPA-PSK Data Encryption
If WPA-PSK data encryption has been enabled on the ADW-4301, it does not matter
which network is selected on the screen below. Just click the Advanced button.
Figure 33: Wireless Networks (Windows XP)
You will then see a screen like the example below.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Figure 34: Advanced - Wireless Networks
Select the SSID for the ADW-4301, and click Configure, to see a screen like the following:
Figure 35: Wireless Network Properties- WPA-PSK
Configure this screen as follows:
•
Set Network Authentication to WPA-PSK.
•
For Data Encryption, select TKIP.
•
For the Network key and Confirm network key, enter the network key (PSK) used
on the ADW-4301.
•
Ensure the option This is a computer-to-computer (ad hoc) network is unchecked.
•
Click OK to save and close this dialog.
•
This wireless network will now be listed in Preferred Networks on the screen below.
42
PC Configuration
Figure 36: Preferred Networks
Click OK to establish a connection to the ADW-4301.
If the SSID is not listed
If the "Broadcast SSID" setting on the ADW-4301 has been disabled, its SSID will NOT
be listed on the screen below.
Figure 37: Wireless Networks (Windows XP)
In this situation, you need to obtain the SSID from your network administrator, then
follow this procedure:
1. Click the Advanced button to see a screen like the example below.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Figure 38: Unlisted Wireless Network
2. Click the Add button. You will see a screen like the example below.
Figure 39: Add Wireless Network
3. Configure this screen as follows:
•
Enter the correct SSID, as used on the ADW-4301. Remember the SSID is
case-sensitive, so be sure to match the case, not just the spelling.
•
Set Network Authentication and Data Encryption to match the ADW-4301.
•
If using data encryption (WEP or WPA-PSK), enter the key used on the ADW4301. See the preceding sections for details of WEP and WPA-PSK.
•
Uncheck the options The key is provided for me automatically and This is a
computer-to-computer (ad hoc) network.
•
Click OK to save and exit.
44
PC Configuration
4. This wireless network will then be listed in Preferred Networks on the screen below.
Figure 40: Preferred Networks
5. Click OK to establish a connection to the ADW-4301.
45
Chapter 5
Operation and Status
5
This Chapter details the operation of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 and the
status screens. For Details of operation in Bridge (Modem) mode, see
Chapter 8 - Modem Mode.
Operation - Router Mode
Once both the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 and the PCs are configured, operation is
automatic.
However, there are some situations where additional Internet configuration may be
required. Refer to Chapter 6 - Advanced Features for further details.
Status Screen
Use the Status link on the main menu to view this screen.
Figure 41: Status Screen
46
Operation and Status
Data - Status Screen
ADSL
Modem Status
This indicates the status of the ADSL modem component.
DownStream
Connection Speed
If connected, displays the speed for the Down Stream
(download) ADSL Connection.
UpStream
Connection Speed
If connected, displays the speed for the Up Stream (upload)
ADSL Connection.
Internet
Connection Method
This indicates the current connection method, as set in the
Setup Wizard.
Internet Connection
This indicates the current status of the Internet Connection
•
Active - Connection exists
•
Idle - No current connection, but no error has been
detected. This condition normally arises when an idle
connection is automatically terminated.
•
Failed - The connection was terminated abnormally.
This could be caused by Modem failure, or the loss of
the connection to the ISP's server.
If there is an error, you can click the "Connection Details"
button to find out more information.
Internet IP Address
This IP Address is allocated by the ISP (Internet Service
Provider). If using a dynamic IP address, and no connection
currently exists, this information is unavailable.
Connection Details
Click this button to open a sub-window and view a detailed
description of the current connection. Depending on the
type of connection, a "log" may also be available.
LAN
IP Address
The IP Address of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Network Mask
The Network Mask (Subnet Mask) for the IP Address
above.
DHCP Server
This shows the status of the DHCP Server function. The
value will be "Enabled" or "Disabled".
MAC Address
This shows the MAC Address for the ADE-4301/ADW-4301,
as seen on the LAN interface.
Wireless (ADW-4301 only)
Name (SSID)
If using an ESS (Extended Service Set, with multiple access
points) this ID is called an ESSID (Extended Service Set
Identifier).
Region
The current region, as set on the Wireless screen.
Channel
This shows the Channel currently used, as set on the Wireless screen.
Wireless AP
This indicates whether or not the Wireless Access Point
feature is enabled.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Broadcast Name
This indicates whether or not the SSID is Broadcast. This
setting is on the Wireless screen.
System
Device Name
The current name of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301. This is also
the "hostname" provided to ISPs who request this information.
Firmware Version
The version of the current firmware installed.
Buttons
Connection Details
Click this button to open a sub-window and view a detailed
description of the current connection.
Attached Devices
This will open a sub-window, showing all LAN and Wireless
devices currently on the network.
Refresh Screen
Update the data displayed on screen.
Connection Status - PPPoE & PPPoA
If using PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) or PPPoA (PPP over ATM), a screen like the
following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 42: PPPoE Status Screen
Data - PPPoE/PPPoA Screen
Connection Time
This indicates how long the current connection has been
established.
PPPoE Link Status
This indicates whether or not the connection is currently
established.
Negotiation
•
If the connection does not exist, the "Connect" button
can be used to establish a connection.
•
If the connection currently exists, the "Disconnect"
button can be used to break the connection.
This indicates the status of the PPPoE Server login.
48
Operation and Status
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users.
This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service
Provider).
Network Mask
The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Buttons
Connect
If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.
Disconnect
If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.
Close
Close this window.
Connection Details - Dynamic IP Address
If your access method is "Direct" (no login), with a Dynamic IP address, a screen like
the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 43: Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address
Data - Dynamic IP address
Internet
IP Address
The current IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet
users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service
Provider).
Network Mask
The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Default Gateway
The IP address of the remote Gateway or Router associated
with the IP Address above.
DHCP Server
The IP address of your ISP's DHCP Server.
DNS Server
The IP address of the Domain Name Server which is currently
used.
Lease Obtained
This indicates when the current IP address was obtained, and
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Lease Expires
how long before this IP address allocation (the DCHP lease)
expires.
Buttons
Release
If an IP Address has been allocated to the ADE-4301/ADW4301 (by the ISP's DHCP Server, clicking the "Release" button
will break the connection and release the IP Address.
Renew
If the ISP's DHCP Server has NOT allocated an IP Address for
the ADE-4301/ADW-4301, clicking the "Renew" button will
attempt to re-establish the connection and obtain an IP Address from the ISP's DHCP Server.
Close
Close this window.
50
Operation and Status
Connection Details - Fixed IP Address
If your access method is "Direct" (no login), with a fixed IP address, a screen like the
following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
Figure 44: Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address
Data - Fixed IP address Screen
Internet
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This
address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
Network Mask
The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Default Gateway
The IP Address of the remote Gateway or Router associated
with the IP Address above.
DNS Server
The IP Address of the Domain Name Server which is currently
used.
51
Chapter 6
Advanced Features
6
This Chapter explains when and how to use the ADE-4301/ADW4301's "Advanced" Features.
Overview
The following advanced features are provided:
•
Internet:
•
DMZ
•
URL filter
•
Dynamic DNS
•
Firewall Rules
•
Firewall Services
•
Schedule
•
Virtual Servers
Internet
This screen provides access to the DMZ, Special Applications and URL Filter features.
Figure 45: Internet Screen
DMZ
This feature, if enabled, allows the DMZ computer on your LAN to be exposed to all
users on the Internet.
•
This allows almost any application to be used on the "DMZ PC".
•
The "DMZ PC" will receive all "Unknown" connections and data.
•
If the DMZ feature is enabled, you must select the PC to be used as the "DMZ PC".
52
Advanced Features
The "DMZ PC" is effectively outside the Firewall, making it more vulnerable to attacks. For this reason, you
should only enable the DMZ feature when required.
Special Applications
If you use Internet applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers,
you may find that they do not function correctly because they are blocked by the Wireless Router's firewall. In this case, you can define the application as a "Special
Application".
The Special Applications screen can be reached by clicking the Special Applications
button on the Internet screen.
You can then define your Special Applications. You will need detailed information
about the application; this is normally available from the supplier of the application.
Also, note that the terms "Incoming" and "Outgoing" on this screen refer to traffic from
the client (PC) viewpoint
Figure 46: Special Applications Screen
Data - Special Applications Screen
Checkbox
Use this to Enable or Disable this Special Application as required.
Name
Enter a descriptive name to identify this Special Application.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Incoming
Ports
Outgoing
Ports
•
Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you receive
data from the special application or service. (Note: Some applications use different protocols for outgoing and incoming data).
•
Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by
the application server, for data you receive. If the application uses
a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish"
fields.
•
Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the
application server, for data you receive.
•
Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you send
data to the remote system or service.
•
Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by
the application server, for data you send to it. If the application
uses a single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish"
fields.
•
Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the
application server, for data you send to it. If the application uses a
single port number, enter it in both the "Start" and "Finish" fields.
Using a Special Application
•
Configure the Special Applications screen as required.
•
On your PC, use the application normally. Remember that only one (1) PC can use
each Special application at any time. Also, when 1 PC is finished using a particular
Special Application, there may need to be a "Time-out" before another PC can use
the same Special Application. The "Time-out" period may be up to 3 minutes.
URL Filter
If you want to limit access to certain sites on the Internet, you can use this feature. The
URL filter will check each Web site access. If the address, or part of the address, is
included in the block site list, access will be denied.
On the Advanced Internet screen, select the desired setting:
•
Disable - disable this feature.
•
Block By Schedule - block according to the settings on the Schedule page.
•
Block Always - allow blocking all of the time, independent of the Schedule page.
Click the Configure URL Filter button to open the URL Filter screen, allowing you to
create or modify the filter strings which determine which sites will be blocked.
The URL Filter screen is displayed when the Configure URL Filter button on the
Advanced Internet screen is clicked.
54
Advanced Features
Figure 47: URL Filter Screen
Data - URL Filter Screen
Current Filter Strings
Current Filter
Strings
Add Filter
String
The list contains the current list of items to block.
•
To add to the list, use the "Add" option below.
•
To delete an entry, select it and click Delete button.
•
To delete all entries, click the Delete All button.
To add to the current list, type the word or domain name you
want to block into the field provided, then click the Add button.
Filter strings should be as specific as possible. Otherwise, you
may block access to many more sites than intended.
Trusted PC
Allow Trusted
PC
Enable this to allow one computer to have unrestricted access to
the Internet. For this PC, the URL filter will be ignored.
If enabled, you must select the PC to be the trusted PC.
Trusted PC
Select the PC to be the Trusted PC.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server)
This free service is very useful when combined with the Virtual Server feature. It allows
Internet users to connect to your Virtual Servers using a URL, rather than an IP Address.
This also solves the problem of having a dynamic IP address. With a dynamic IP
address, your IP address may change whenever you connect, which makes it difficult
to connect to you.
The DynDNS Service works as follows:
1. You must register for the service at http://www.dyndns.org (Registration is free).
Your password will be E-mailed to you.
2. After registration, use the "Create New Host" option (at www.dyndns.org) to request your desired Domain name.
3. Enter your data from www.dyndns.org in the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's DDNS screen.
4. The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 will then automatically ensure that your current IP
Address is recorded at http://www.dyndns.org
5. From the Internet, users will be able to connect to your Virtual Servers (or DMZ PC)
using your Domain name, as shown on this screen.
Dynamic DNS Screen
Select Advanced on the main menu, then Dynamic DNS, to see a screen like the
following:
Figure 48: DDNS Screen
Data - Dynamic DNS Screen
DDNS Service
Use a Dynamic
DNS Service
Use this to enable or disable the DDNS feature as required.
DDNS Data
Service Provider
Select the desired DDNS Service provider.
Host Name
Enter the domain name allocated to you by the DDNS Service.
If you have more than one name, enter the name you wish to
use.
User Name
Enter your Username for the DDNS Service.
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Advanced Features
Password
Enter your current password for the DDNS Service.
Domain Name
Enter the domain name allocated to you by the DDNS Service.
If you have more than one name, enter the name you wish to
use.
DDNS Status
•
This message is returned by the DDNS Server
•
Normally, this message should be "Update successful"
•
If the message is "No host", this indicates the host name
entered was not allocated to you. You need to connect to
DDNS Service provider and correct this problem.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Firewall Rules
The Firewall Rules screen allows you to define "Firewall Rules" which can allow or
prevent certain traffic.
By default:
•
All Outgoing traffic is permitted.
•
All Incoming traffic is denied.
"Traffic" means incoming connection attempts, not packets.
Because of this default behavior, any Outgoing rules will generally Block traffic, and
Incoming rules will generally Allow traffic.
Firewall Rules Screen
An example screen is shown below.
Figure 49 Firewall Screen
Data - Firewall Rules
Incoming Rules
#
For the default rule, this will display "Default".
For rules which you create, this will display a radio button which
allows you to select the rule.
Enable
Indicates whether or not the rule is currently enabled.
For rules you have added, this column will contain a checkbox,
allowing you to easily enable or disable the rule. (Click "Save"
after making any changes.)
Service Name
The Service covered by this rule.
Action
The action performed on connections which are covered by this
rule.
58
Advanced Features
LAN Server
The PC or Server on your LAN to which traffic covered by this
rule will be sent.
WAN Users
The WAN IP address or addresses covered by this rule.
Log
Indicates whether or not connections covered by this rule
should be logged.
Buttons
Use the Add button to create a new rule.
The other buttons - Edit, Move, or Delete - require that a rule
be selected first. Use the radio buttons in the left column to
select the desired rule.
Outgoing Rules
#
For the default rule, this will display "Default".
For rules which you create, this will display a radio button which
allows you to select the rule.
Enable
Indicates whether or not the rule is currently enabled.
For rules you have added, this column will contain a checkbox,
allowing you to easily enable or disable the rule. (Click "Save"
after making any changes.)
Service Name
The Service covered by this rule.
Action
The action performed on connections which are covered by this
rule.
LAN Users
The LAN PC or PCs covered by this rule.
WAN Servers
The WAN IP address or addresses covered by this rule.
Log
Indicates whether or not connections covered by this rule
should be logged.
Buttons
Use the Add button to create a new rule.
The other buttons - Edit, Move, or Delete - require that a rule
be selected first. Use the radio buttons in the left column to
select the desired rule.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Incoming Rules
This screen is displayed when the "Add" or "Edit" button for Incoming Rules is clicked.
Figure 50: Inbound Services Screen
Data - Incoming Rules Screen
Inbound Services
Service
Select the desired Service. This determines which packets are
covered by this rule. If necessary, you can define a new Service on
the "Services" screen, by defining the protocols and port numbers
used by the Service.
Action
Select the desired action for packets covered by this rule:
•
ALLOW always
•
ALLOW by schedule, otherwise Block
•
BLOCK always
•
BLOCK by schedule, otherwise Allow
Note:
•
Any inbound traffic which is not allowed by rules you create will
be blocked by the Default rule.
•
BLOCK rules are only useful if the traffic is already covered by
an ALLOW rule. (That is, you wish to block a sub-set of traffic
which is currently allowed by another rule.)
•
To define the Schedule used in these selections, use the
"Schedule" screen.
Send to
LAN Server
Select the PC or Server on your LAN which will receive the inbound traffic covered by this rule.
WAN Users
These settings determine which packets are covered by the rule,
based on their source (WAN) IP address. Select the desired
option:
•
Any - All IP addresses are covered by this rule.
•
Address range - If this option is selected, you must enter the
desired values in the "Single/Start" and "Finish" fields to determine the address range.
60
Advanced Features
•
Log
Single address - Enter the required address in the "Single/Start" fields.
This determines whether packets covered by this rule are logged.
Select the desired action.
•
Always - always log traffic considered by this rule, whether it
matches or not. (This is useful when debugging your rules.)
•
Never - never log traffic considered by this rule, whether it
matches or not.
•
Match - Log traffic only it matches this rule. (The action is
determined by this rule.)
•
Not Match - Log traffic which is considered by this rule, but
does not match (The action is NOT determined by this rule.)
Outgoing Rules
This screen is displayed when the "Add" or "Edit" button for Outgoing Rules is clicked.
Figure 51: Outbound Services Screen
Data - Outbound Rules Screen
Outbound Services
Service
Select the desired Service or application to be covered by this rule.
If the desired service or application does not appear in the list, you
must define it using the "Services" menu option
Action
Select the desired action for packets covered by this rule:
•
BLOCK always
•
BLOCK by schedule, otherwise Allow
•
ALLOW always
•
ALLOW by schedule, otherwise Block
Note:
•
Any outbound traffic which is not blocked by rules you create
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
will be allowed by the Default rule.
LAN Users
•
ALLOW rules are only useful if the traffic is already covered by
a BLOCK rule. (That is, you wish to allow a subset of traffic
which is currently blocked by another rule.)
•
To define the Schedule used in these selections, use the
"Schedule" screen.
Select the desired option to determine which PCs are covered by
this rule:
•
Any - All PCs are covered by this rule.
•
Single PC - Only the selected PC is covered by this rule.
If selected, you must select the PC.
PC - If using Single PC above, select the PC or Server on your
LAN which will be covered by this rule.
WAN Users
Log
These settings determine which packets are covered by the rule,
based on their source (WAN) IP address. Select the desired
option:
•
Any - All IP addresses are covered by this rule.
•
Address range - If this option is selected, you must enter the
"Start" and "Finish" fields.
•
Single address - Enter the required address in the "Single/Start" fields.
This determines whether packets covered by this rule are logged.
Select the desired action.
•
Always - always log traffic considered by this rule, whether it
matches or not. (This is useful when debugging your rules.)
•
Never - never log traffic considered by this rule, whether it
matches or not.
•
Match - Log traffic only it matches this rule. (The action is
determined by this rule.)
•
Not Match - Log traffic which is considered by this rule, but
does not match (The action is NOT determined by this rule.)
62
Advanced Features
Firewall Services
Services are used when creating Firewall Rules.
If you wish to create a firewall rule, but the required service is not listed in the "Service"
list, you can use this feature to define the required service or services. Once created,
these services will be listed in the "Service" list, and can be used when creating Firewall Rules.
Figure 52: Add Services Screen
Data - Firewall Services
Services
Existing Services
This lists any Services you have defined. If you have not defined any Services, this list will be empty.
Once you define some services, they will be listed here, and
also shown in the Service list used to create Firewall rules.
(Firewall services are at the end of the list, after the pre-defined
services.)
Add
Use this to open a sub-screen where you can add a new service.
Edit
To modify a service, select it, and then click this button.
Delete
Use this button to delete the selected service. You can delete
any services you have defined.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Add/Edit Service
This screen is displayed when the Add or Edit button on the Services screen is clicked.
Figure 53 : Add/Edit Service
Data - Add/Edit Service
Services
Name
If editing, this shows the current name of the Service.
If adding a new service, this will be blank, and you should enter
a suitable name.
Type
Select the protocol used by the Service.
Start Port
Enter the beginning of the port range used by the Service.
Finish Port
Enter the end of the port range used by the Service.
64
Advanced Features
Options
This screen allows advanced users to enter or change a number of settings. For
normal operation, there is no need to use this screen or change any settings.
An example Options screen is shown below.
Figure 54: Options Screen
Data - Options Screen
Internet
Respond to
Ping
MTU Size
•
If checked, the Wireless Router will repond to Ping (ICMP)
packets received from the Internet.
•
If not checked, Ping (ICMP) packets from the Internet will be
ignored. Disabling this option provides a slight increase in
security.
Enter a value between 1 and 1500.
Note: MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) size should only be
changed if advised to do so by Technical Support.
UPnP
UPnP
•
UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery
and configuration of equipment attached to your LAN. UPnP
is by supported Windows ME, XP, or later.
•
If Enabled, this device will be visible via UPnP.
•
If Disabled, this device will not be visible via UPnP.
Advertisement
Period
Enter the desired value, in minutes. The valid range is from 1 to
1440.
Advertisement
Time to Live
Enter the desired value, in hops. The valid range is from 1 to
255.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Schedule
This Schedule can be used for the Firewall Rules and the URL filter.
Figure 55: Schedule Screen
Data - Schedule Screen
Schedule
Day
Each day of the week can scheduled independently.
Session 1
Session 2
Two (2) separate sessions or periods can be defined. Session
2 can be left blank if not required.
Start Time
Enter the start using a 24 hr clock.
Finish Time
Enter the finish time using a 24 hr clock.
Local Time
Time Zone
In order to display your local time correctly, you must select
your "Time Zone" from the list.
Adjust for Daylight Savings
Time
If your region uses Daylight Savings Time, you must manually
check "Adjust for Daylight Savings Time" at the beginning of
the adjustment period, and uncheck it at the end of the Daylight Savings period.
66
Advanced Features
Use this NTP
Server
If you prefer to use a particular NTP server as the primary
server, check the checkbox "Use this NTP Server" and enter
the Server's IP address in the fields provided..
If this setting is not enabled, the default NTP Servers are used.
Current Time
This displays the current time on the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Virtual Servers
This feature, sometimes called Port Forwarding, allows you to make Servers on your
LAN accessible to Internet users. Normally, Internet users would not be able to access
a server on your LAN because:
•
Your Server does not have a valid external IP Address.
•
Attempts to connect to devices on your LAN are blocked by the firewall in this
device.
The "Virtual Server" feature solves these problems and allows Internet users to connect to your servers, as illustrated below.
Figure 56: Virtual Servers
IP Address seen by Internet Users
Note that, in this illustration, both Internet users are connecting to the same IP Address,
but using different protocols.
To Internet users, all virtual Servers on your LAN have the same IP Address.
This IP Address is allocated by your ISP.
This address should be static, rather than dynamic, to make it easier for Internet users
to connect to your Servers.
However, you can use the DDNS (Dynamic DNS) feature to allow users to connect to
your Virtual Servers using a URL, instead of an IP Address.
Virtual Servers Screen
•
The "Virtual Servers" feature allows Internet Users to access PCs on your LAN.
•
The PCs must be running the appropriate Server Software.
•
For Internet Users, ALL of your Servers have the same IP address. This IP address is allocated by your ISP.
•
To make it easier for Internet users to connect to your Servers, you can use the
"DDNS" feature. This allows Internet users to connect to your Servers with a URL,
rather than an IP address. This technology works even if your ISP allocates dy-
68
Advanced Features
namic IP addresses (IP address is allocated upon connection, so it may change
each time you connect).
Figure 57: Virtual Servers Screen
Data - Virtual Servers Screen
Servers
Servers
This lists a number of common Server types. If the desired
Server type is not listed, you can create a Firewall Rule to
achieve the same effect as the Virtual Server function.
Properties
Enable
Use this to Enable or Disable support for this Server, as
required.
If Enabled, you must select the PC to which this traffic will be
sent.
PC (Server)
Select the PC for this Server. The PC must be running the
appropriate Server software.
For each entry, the PC must be running the appropriate Server software.
If the desired Server type is not listed, you can define
your own Servers, using the Firewall Rules.
Connecting to the Virtual Servers
Once configured, anyone on the Internet can connect to your Virtual Servers. They
must use the Internet IP Address (the IP Address allocated to you by your ISP).
e.g.
http://211.75.117.112
ftp://211.75.117.112
It is more convenient if you are using a Fixed IP Address from your ISP, rather than
Dynamic. However, you can use the Dynamic DNS feature to allow users to connect
to your Virtual Servers using a URL, rather than an IP Address.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
From the Internet, ALL Virtual Servers have
the IP Address allocated by your ISP
70
Chapter 7
Advanced Administration
7
This Chapter explains the settings available via the "Administration"
section of the menu.
Overview
Normally, it is not necessary to use these screens, or change any settings. These
screens and settings are provided to deal with non-standard situations, or to provide
additional options for advanced users.
The available settings and features are:
PC Database
This is the list of PCs shown when you select the "DMZ PC" or a
"Virtual Server". This database is maintained automatically, but
you can add and delete entries for PCs which use a Fixed (Static)
IP Address.
Config File
Backup or restore the configuration file for the ADE-4301/ADW4301. This file contains all the configuration data.
Logging &
Email
View or clear all logs, set E-Mailing of log files and alerts.
Diagnostics
Perform a Ping or DNS Lookup.
Remote
Admin
Allow settings to be changed from the Internet..
Routing
Only required if your LAN has other Routers or Gateways.
Upgrade
Firmware
Upgrade the Firmware (software) installed in your ADE4301/ADW-4301.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
PC Database
The PC Database is used whenever you need to select a PC (e.g. for the "DMZ" PC).
•
It eliminates the need to enter IP addresses.
•
Also, you do not need to use fixed IP addresses on your LAN.
However, if you do use a fixed IP address on some devices on your LAN, you should
enter details of each such device into the PC database, using the PC Database screen.
PC Database Screen
An example PC Database screen is shown below.
Figure 58: PC Database
•
PCs which are "DHCP Clients" are automatically added to the database, and
updated as required.
•
By default, non-Server versions of Windows act as "DHCP Clients"; this setting is
called "Obtain an IP Address automatically".
•
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 uses the "Hardware Address" to identify each PC, not
the name or IP address. The "Hardware Address" can only change if you change
the PC's network card or adapter.
•
This system means you do NOT need to use Fixed (static) IP addresses on your
LAN. However, you can add PCs using Fixed (static) IP Addresses to the PC database if required.
72
Advanced Features
Data - PC Database Screen
Known PCs
This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address)
type. The "type" indicates whether the PC is connected to the
LAN.
Name
If adding a new PC to the list, enter its name here. It is best if this
matches the PC's "hostname".
IP Address
Enter the IP Address of the PC. The PC will be sent a "ping" to
determine its hardware address. If the PC is not available (not
connected, or not powered On) you will not be able to add it.
Buttons
Add
This will add the new PC to the list. The PC will be sent a "ping"
to determine its hardware address. If the PC is not available (not
connected, or not powered On) you will not be able to add it.
Delete
Delete the selected PC from the list. This should be done in 2
situations:
•
The PC has been removed from your LAN.
•
The entry is incorrect.
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Generate Report
Display a read-only list showing full details of all entries in the PC
database.
Advanced
Administration
View the Advanced version of the PC database screen - PC
Database (Admin). See below for details.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
PC Database (Admin)
This screen is displayed if the "Advanced Administration" button on the PC Database
is clicked. It provides more control than the standard PC Database screen.
Figure 59: PC Database (Admin)
Data - PC Database ( Admin) Screen
Known PCs
This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address)
type. The "type" indicates whether the PC is connected to the
LAN.
PC Properties
Name
If adding a new PC to the list, enter its name here. It is best if this
matches the PC's "hostname".
IP Address
Select the appropriate option:
•
Automatic - The PC is set to be a DHCP client (Windows:
"Obtain an IP address automatically"). The ADE-4301/ADW4301 will allocate an IP address to this PC when requested
to do so. The IP address could change, but normally won't.
•
DCHP Client - Reserved IP Address - Select this if the PC
is set to be a DCHP client, and you wish to guarantee that
the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 will always allocate the same IP
Address to this PC.
Enter the required IP address.
•
Fixed IP Address - Select this if the PC is using a Fixed
(Static) IP address. Enter the IP address allocated to the PC.
(The PC itself must be configured to use this IP address.)
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Advanced Features
MAC Address
Select the appropriate option
•
Automatic discovery - Select this to have the ADE4301/ADW-4301 contact the PC and find its MAC address.
This is only possible if the PC is connected to the LAN and
powered On.
•
MAC address is - Enter the MAC address on the PC. The
MAC address is also called the "Hardware Address",
"Physical Address", or "Network Adapter Address". The
ADE-4301/ADW-4301 uses this to provide a unique identifier
for each PC. Because of this, the MAC address can NOT be
left blank.
Buttons
Add as New
Entry
Add a new PC to the list, using the data in the "Properties" box.
If "Automatic discovery" (for MAC address) is selected, the PC
will be sent a "ping" to determine its hardware address. This will
fail unless the PC is connected to the LAN, and powered on.
Update Selected PC
Update (modify) the selected PC, using the data in the "Properties" box.
Clear Form
Clear the "Properties" box, ready for entering data for a new PC.
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Generate Report
Display a read-only list showing full details of all entries in the PC
database.
Standard
Screen
Click this to view the standard PC Database screen.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Config File
This feature allows you to download the current settings from the ADE-4301/ADW4301, and save them to a file on your PC.
You can restore a previously-downloaded configuration file to the ADE-4301/ADW4301, by uploading it to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
This screen also allows you to set the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 back to its factory default
configuration. Any existing settings will be deleted.
An example Config File screen is shown below.
Figure 60: Config File Screen
Data - Config File Screen
Backup Config
Use this to download a copy of the current configuration, and
store the file on your PC. Click Download to start the download.
Restore Config
This allows you to restore a previously-saved configuration file
back to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Click Browse to select the configuration file, then click Restore to
upload the configuration file.
WARNING !
Uploading a configuration file will destroy (overwrite) ALL of the
existing settings.
Default Config
Clicking the Factory Defaults button will reset the ADE4301/ADW-4301 to its factory default settings.
WARNING !
This will delete ALL of the existing settings.
76
Advanced Features
Logging
The Logs record various types of activity on the ADE-4301/ADW-4301. This data is
useful for troubleshooting, but enabling all logs will generate a large amount of data
and adversely affect performance.
Since only a limited amount of log data can be stored in the ADE-4301/ADW-4301, log
data can also be E-mailed to your PC. Use the E-mail screen to configure this feature.
Figure 61: Logging Screen
Data - Logging Screen
Logs
Current Time
The current time on the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 is displayed.
Log Data
Current log data is displayed in this panel.
Buttons
There are three (3) buttons
•
Refresh - Update the log data.
•
Clear Log - Clear the log, and restart it. This makes
new messages easier to read.
•
Send Log - E-mail the log immediately. This is only
functional if the E-mail screen has been configured.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Logs
Include (Checkboxes)
Use these checkboxes to determine which events are
included in the log. Checking all options will increase the
size of the log, so it is good practice to disable any events
which are not really required.
•
Attempted access to blocked sites - If checked,
attempted Internet accesses which were blocked are
logged.
•
Connections to the Web-based interface of this
Router - If checked, this will log connections TO this
Router, rather than through this Router to the Internet.
•
Router operation - If checked, other Router operations
(not covered by the selections above) will be logged.
•
Known DoS attacks and Port Scans - If checked,
Denial of Service attacks, as well as port scans, will be
logged.
Syslog
Disable
Data is not sent to a Syslog Server.
Broadcast on LAN
The Syslog data is broadcast, rather than sent to a specific
Syslog server. Use this if your Syslog Server does not have
a fixed IP address.
Syslog
If your Syslog server has a fixed IP address, select this
option, and enter the IP address of your Syslog server.
78
Advanced Features
E-mail
This screen allows you to E-mail Logs and Alerts. A sample screen is shown below.
Figure 62: E-mail Screen
Data - E-mail Screen
E-Mail Notification
Turn E-mail
Notification on
Check this box to enable this feature. If enabled, the E-mail
address information (below) must be provided.
Send to this Email address
Enter the E-mail address the Log is to be sent to. The E-mail
will also show this address as the Sender's address.
Outgoing
(SMTP) Mail
Server
Enter the address or IP address of the SMTP (Simple Mail
Transport Protocol) Server you use for outgoing E-mail.
My SMTP Mail
Server requires
authentication
To stop spanners, many SMTP mail servers require you to log
in to send mail. In this case, enable this checkbox, and enter
the login information (User name and Password) in the fields
below.
User Name
If you have enabled "My SMTP Mail Server requires authentication" above, enter the User Name required to login to your
SMTP Server.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Password
If you have enabled "My SMTP Mail Server requires authentication" above, enter the password required to login to your SMTP
Server.
E-mail Alerts
Send E-mail
alerts immediately
You can choose to have alerts E-mailed to you, by checking the
desired checkboxes. The Broadband ADSL Router can send
an immediate alert when it detects a significant security incident such as
•
A known hacker attack is directed at your IP address
•
A computer on the Internet scans your IP address for open
ports
•
Someone on your LAN (Local Area Network) tries to visit a
blocked site.
E-mail Logs
Send Logs
Select the desired option for sending the log by E-mail.
•
Never (default) - This feature is disabled; Logs are not
sent.
•
When log is full - The time is not fixed. The log will be
sent when the log is full, which will depend on the volume
of traffic.
•
Hourly, Daily, Weekly... - The log is sent on the interval
specified.
•
If "Daily" is selected, the log is sent at the time specified.
•
If the day is specified, the log is sent once per week, on
the specified day.
•
Select the time of day you wish the E-mail to be sent.
•
If the log is full before the time specified to send it, it
will be sent regardless.
80
Advanced Features
Diagnostics
This screen allows you to perform a "Ping" or a "DNS lookup". These activities can be
useful in solving network problems.
An example Network Diagnostics screen is shown below.
Figure 63: Network Diagnostics Screen
Data - Network Diagnostics Screen
Ping
Ping this
IP Address
Enter the IP address you wish to ping. The IP address can be
on your LAN, or on the Internet. Note that if the address is on
the Internet, and no connection currently exists, you could get a
"Timeout" error. In that case, wait a few seconds and try again.
Ping Button
After entering the IP address, click this button to start the "Ping"
procedure. The results will be displayed in the Ping Results
pane.
DNS Lookup
Internet name
Enter the Domain name or URL for which you want a DNS
(Domain Name Server) lookup. Note that if the address in on
the Internet, and no connection currently exists, you could get a
"Timeout" error. In that case, wait a few seconds and try again.
Lookup Button
After entering the Domain name/URL, click this button to start
the "DNS Lookup" procedure.
Routing
Display
Click this button to display the internal routing table. This
information can be used by Technical Support and other staff
who understand Routing Tables.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Remote Admin
If enabled, this feature allows you to manage the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 via the Internet.
Figure 64: Remote Administration Screen
Data - Remote Administration Screen
Remote Administration
Enable Remote
Management
Check to allow administration/management via the Internet. (To
connect, see below).
If Disabled, this device will ignore Administration connection
attempts from the Internet.
Current
IP Address
This is the current address you will use when accessing this
device from the Internet. To connect, see details and an example below.
Port Number
Enter a port number between 1024 and 65535. The default for
HTTP (Web) connections is port 80, but using port 80 will
prevent the use of a Web "Virtual Server" on your LAN. So
using a different port number is recommended. The default
value is 8080.
The port number must be specified in your Browser when you
connect, as detailed above.
Access Permission
Allow Remote
Access
Select the desired option.
•
Everyone - allow access by everyone on the Internet.
•
Only This Computer - allow access by only one IP address. Enter the desired IP address.
•
IP Address Range - allow access from a range of IP
addresses on the Internet. Enter a beginning and ending IP
address to define the allowed range.
For security, you should restrict access to as few external IP
82
Advanced Features
addresses as practical.
To connect from a remote PC via the Internet
1. Ensure your Internet connection is established, and start your Web Browser.
2. In the "Address" bar, enter "HTTP://" followed by the Internet IP Address of the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301. If the port number is not 80, the port number is also required. (After the IP Address, enter ":" followed by the port number.)
e.g.
HTTP://123.123.123.123:8080
This example assumes the WAN IP Address is 123.123.123.123, and the port
number is 8080.
3. You will then be prompted for the login name and password for this device.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Routing
Overview
•
If you don't have other Routers or Gateways on your LAN, you can ignore the
"Routing" page completely.
•
If the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 is only acting as a Gateway for the local LAN segment,
ignore the "Routing" page even if your LAN has other Routers.
•
If your LAN has a standard Router (e.g. Cisco) on your LAN, and the ADE4301/ADW-4301 is to act as a Gateway for all LAN segments, enable RIP (Routing
Information Protocol) and ignore the Static Routing table.
•
If your LAN has other Gateways and Routers, and you wish to control which LAN
segments use each Gateway, do NOT enable RIP (Routing Information Protocol).
Configure the Static Routing table instead. (You also need to configure the other
Routers.)
•
If using Windows 2000 Data center Server as a software Router, enable RIP on
the ADE-4301/ADW-4301, and ensure the following Windows 2000 settings are
correct:
•
Open Routing and Remote Access
•
In the console tree, select Routing and Remote Access , [server name], IP
Routing, RIP
•
In the "Details" pane, right-click the interface you want to configure for RIP
version 2, and then click "Properties".
•
On the "General" tab, set Outgoing packet protocol to "RIP version 2 broadcast", and Incoming packet protocol to "RIP version 1 and 2".
Routing Screen
The routing table is accessed by the Routing link on the Administration menu.
Using this Screen
Generally, you will use either RIP (Routing Information Protocol) OR the Static Routing
Table, as explained above, although is it possible to use both methods simultaneously.
Static Routing Table
•
If RIP is not used, an entry in the routing table is required for each LAN segment
on your Network, other than the segment to which this device is attached.
•
The other Routers must also be configured. See Configuring Other Routers on
your LAN later in this chapter for further details and an example.
84
Advanced Features
Figure 65: Routing Screen
Data - Routing Screen
RIP
RIP Direction
Select the desired RIP Direction.
RIP Version
Choose the RIP Version for the Server.
Static Routing
Static Routing
Table Entries
This list shows all entries in the Routing Table.
•
This area shows details of the selected item in the list.
•
Change any the properties as required, then click the "Edit"
button to save the changes to the selected entry.
Buttons
Add
Add a new entry to the Static Routing table, using the data
shown in the "Properties" area on screen. The entry selected in
the list is ignored, and has no effect.
Edit
Update the current Static Routing Table entry, using the data
shown in the table area on screen.
Delete
Delete the current Static Routing Table entry.
Save
Save the RIP setting. This has no effect on the Static Routing
Table.
Configuring Other Routers on your LAN
It is essential that all IP packets for devices not on the local LAN be passed to the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301, so that they can be forwarded to the external LAN, WAN, or
Internet. To achieve this, the local LAN must be configured to use the ADE4301/ADW-4301 as the Default Route or Default Gateway.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Local Router
The local router is the Router installed on the same LAN segment as the ADE4301/ADW-4301. This router requires that the Default Route is the ADE-4301/ADW4301 itself. Typically, routers have a special entry for the Default Route. It should be
configured as follows.
Destination IP Address
Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.
Network Mask
Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.
Gateway IP Address
The IP Address of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Metric
1
Other Routers on the Local LAN
Other routers on the local LAN must use the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's Local Router as
the Default Route. The entries will be the same as the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's local
router, with the exception of the Gateway IP Address.
•
For a router with a direct connection to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's local Router,
the Gateway IP Address is the address of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's local router.
•
For routers which must forward packets to another router before reaching the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301's local router, the Gateway IP Address is the address of the
intermediate router.
Static Routing - Example
Figure 66: Routing Example
For the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's Routing Table
For the LAN shown above, with 2 routers and 3 LAN segments, the ADE-4301/ADW4301 requires 2 entries as follows.
Entry 1 (Segment 1)
Destination IP Address
192.168.1.0
86
Advanced Features
Network Mask
255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.100 (ADE-4301/ADW-4301's
local Router)
Metric
2
Entry 2 (Segment 2)
Destination IP Address
192.168.2.0
Network Mask
255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.100
Metric
3
For Router A's Default Route
Destination IP Address
0.0.0.0
Network Mask
0.0.0.0
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.1 (ADE-4301/ADW-4301's IP
Address)
For Router B's Default Route
Destination IP Address
0.0.0.0
Network Mask
0.0.0.0
Gateway IP Address
192.168.1.80 (ADE-4301/ADW-4301's
local router)
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Upgrade Firmware
The firmware (software) in the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 can be upgraded using your Web
Browser.
You must first download the upgrade file, then select Upgrade Firmware on the
Administration menu. You will see a screen like the following.
Figure 67: Router Upgrade Screen
To perform the Firmware Upgrade:
1. Click the Browse button and navigate to the location of the upgrade file.
2. Select the upgrade file. Its name will appear in the Upgrade File field.
3. Click the Start Upgrade button to commence the firmware upgrade.
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 is unavailable during the
upgrade process, and must restart when the upgrade
is completed. Any connections to or through the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301 will be lost.
88
Chapter 8
Modem Mode
8
This Chapter explains configuration and operation when in "Modem" or
"Bridge" mode..
Overview
There are two modes available on the Mode screen.
•
Router - Both the ADSL Modem and the Router features are operational. In this
mode, this device can provide shared Internet Access to all your LAN users. Also,
by default, it acts a DHCP Server, providing an IP address and related information
to all Wireless and LAN users.
•
Modem - Only the ADSL Modem component is operational. All Router features are
disabled. This device is "transparent" - it does not perform any operations or make
any changes to the network traffic passing through it. You need to have a DHCP
Server on your LAN to provide IP addresses to the Wireless clients using this Access Point.
This Chapter describes operation while in Modem mode.
Management Connections
When this device restarts in Modem mode, the IP address does not change, but the
DHCP server is disabled. However, your PC will usually retain the IP address provided
by the DHCP Server, so the connection will be automatically re-established. You then
need to ensure that the IP address of this modem is suitable for your LAN.
•
You need to have a DHCP Server on your LAN to provide IP addresses to the
Wireless clients using this Access Point.
•
This Modem/AP must be a valid device on your LAN, to allow management connections. You must assign a (fixed) IP address, which is within the address range
used on your LAN, but not within the address range used by your DHCP server.
When you connect in future, just connect normally, using the IP address you assigned.
1. Start your WEB browser.
2. In the Address box, enter "HTTP://" and the current IP Address of the Wireless
ADSL Modem, as in this example, which uses the Wireless ADSL Modem's default
IP Address:
HTTP://192.168.0.1
3. When prompted for the User name and Password, enter admin for the user name,
and the current password, as set on the password screen. (The password is the
same regardless of the mode.)
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Home Screen
If in Modem mode, the home screen will look like the example below.
Figure 68: Home Screen - Modem Mode
Note that the menu has changed, many of the options in Router mode are not available. The screens available are:
• Mode - change back to Router mode, if desired.
•
ADSL - set ADSL parameters. See the following section for details.
•
LAN - set IP address, mask and gateway. This is the same as in Router mode,
except that the DHCP server is not available while in Modem mode.
•
Wireless - this screen, and related sub-screens, is the same as in Router mode.
•
Password - this screen is the same as in Router mode.
•
Upgrade Firmware - this screen is the same as in Router mode.
•
Status - displays current settings and status. See the following section for details.
90
Advanced Administration
ADSL Screen
This screen is used to set the ADSL parameter used by the modem.
Figure 69: ADSL Screen
Data - ADSL Screen
Multiplexing Method
Check with your ISP or DSL service provider to find
whether your Multiplexing Method is VC-BASED or LLCBASED.
VPI
Enter the value proposed by your ISP or DSL service
provider.
VCI
Enter the value proposed by your ISP or DSL service
provider.
Operation
Operation is automatic and transparent.
• Wireless clients can connect to the Access Point if they have the correct SSID and
security, but they must obtain an IP address from the DHCP Server on your LAN.
•
The modem will act like any other ADSL modem. No routing will be performed, and
no client login will be done. If a client login is required, it must be performed by
your Router/Gateway or by software on your PC.
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Status Screen
In Modem mode, the Status screen looks like the example below.
Figure 70: Status Screen - Modem Mode
Data - Status Screen (Modem Mode)
ADSL
Modem Status
This indicates the status of the ADSL modem component.
DownStream
Connection Speed
If connected, displays the speed for the Down Stream
(download) ADSL Connection.
UpStream
Connection Speed
If connected, displays the speed for the Up Stream (upload)
ADSL Connection.
LAN
IP Address
The IP Address of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
Network Mask
The Network Mask (Subnet Mask) for the IP Address
above.
MAC Address
This shows the MAC Address for the ADE-4301/ADW-4301,
as seen on the LAN interface.
Wireless (ADW-4301 only)
Name (SSID)
If using an ESS (Extended Service Set, with multiple access
points) this ID is called an ESSID (Extended Service Set
Identifier).
Region
The current region, as set on the Wireless screen.
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Advanced Administration
Channel
This shows the Channel currently used, as set on the Wireless screen.
Wireless AP
This indicates whether or not the Wireless Access Point
feature is enabled.
Broadcast Name
This indicates whether or not the SSID is Broadcast. This
setting is on the Wireless screen.
System
Device Name
The current name of the ADE-4301/ADW-4301. This is also
the "hostname" provided to ISPs who request this information.
Firmware Version
The version of the current firmware installed.
Buttons
Attached Devices
This will open a sub-window, showing all Wireless devices
currently using the Access Point.
Refresh Screen
Update the data displayed on screen.
93
Appendix A
Troubleshooting
A
This Appendix covers the most likely problems and their solutions.
Overview
This chapter covers some common problems that may be encountered while using the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301 and some possible solutions to them. If you follow the suggested steps and the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 still does not function properly, contact
your dealer for further advice.
General Problems
Problem 1:
Can't connect to the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 to configure it.
Solution 1:
Check the following:
•
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 is properly installed, LAN connections
are OK, and it is powered ON.
•
Ensure that your PC and the ADE-4301/ADW-4301 are on the
same network segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be
the case.)
•
If your PC is set to "Obtain an IP Address automatically" (DHCP
client), restart it.
•
If your PC uses a Fixed (Static) IP address, ensure that it is using
an IP Address within the range 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 and
thus compatible with the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's default IP Address of 192.168.0.1.
Also, the Network Mask should be set to 255.255.255.0 to match
the ADE-4301/ADW-4301.
In Windows, you can check these settings by using Control
Panel-Network to check the Properties for the TCP/IP protocol.
Internet Access
Problem 1:
When I enter a URL or IP address I get a time out error.
Solution 1:
A number of things could be causing this. Try the following troubleshooting steps.
•
Check if other PCs work. If they do, ensure that your PCs IP
settings are correct. If using a Fixed (Static) IP Address, check
the Network Mask, Default gateway and DNS as well as the IP
Address.
•
If the PCs are configured correctly, but still not working, check the
ADE-4301/ADW-4301. Ensure that it is connected and ON. Connect to it and check its settings. (If you can't connect to it, check
the LAN and power connections.)
•
Check the ADE-4301/ADW-4301's status screen to see if it is
working correctly.
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Appendix A - Troubleshooting
Problem 2:
Some applications do not run properly when using the ADE4301/ADW-4301.
Solution 2:
The ADE-4301/ADW-4301 processes the data passing through it, so
it is not transparent.
For incoming connections, you must use the Virtual Server or Firewall
Rules to specify the PC which will receive the incoming traffic.
You can also use the DMZ function. This should work with almost
every application, but:
•
It is a security risk, since the firewall is disabled.
•
Only one (1) PC can use this feature.
Wireless Access (ADW-4301 only)
Problem 1:
My PC can't locate the Wireless Access Point.
Solution 1:
Check the following.
•
Your PC is set to Infrastructure Mode. (Access Points are always
in Infrastructure Mode)
•
The SSID on your PC and the Wireless Access Point are the
same.
Remember that the SSID is case-sensitive. So, for example
"Workgroup" does NOT match "workgroup".
•
Both your PC and the ADW-4301 must have the same setting for
WEP. The default setting for the ADW-4301 is disabled, so your
wireless station should also have WEP disabled.
•
If WEP is enabled on the ADW-4301, your PC must have WEP
enabled, and the key must match.
•
If the ADW-4301's Wireless screen is set to Allow Trusted PCs
only, then each of your Wireless stations must have been designated as "Trusted", or the Wireless station will be blocked.
•
To see if radio interference is causing a problem, see if connection is possible when close to the ADW-4301.
Remember that the connection range can be as little as 100 feet
in poor environments.
Problem 2:
Wireless connection speed is very slow.
Solution 2:
The wireless system will connect at the highest possible speed,
depending on the distance and the environment. To obtain the highest possible connection speed, you can experiment with the following:
•
ADW-4301 location.
Try adjusting the location and orientation of the ADW-4301.
•
Wireless Channel
If interference is the problem, changing to another channel may
show a marked improvement.
•
Radio Interference
Other devices may be causing interference. You can experiment
by switching other devices Off, and see if this helps. Any "noisy"
devices should be shielded or relocated.
•
RF Shielding
Your environment may tend to block transmission between the
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
wireless stations. This will mean high access speed is only possible when close to the ADW-4301.
96
Appendix B
About Wireless LANs(ADW-4301 only)
B
This Appendix provides some background information about using
Wireless LANs (WLANs).
Modes
Wireless LANs can work in either of two (2) modes:
•
Ad-hoc
•
Infrastructure
Ad-hoc Mode
Ad-hoc mode does not require an Access Point or a wired (Ethernet) LAN.
Wireless Stations (e.g. notebook PCs with wireless cards) communicate directly
with each other.
Infrastructure Mode
In Infrastructure Mode, one or more Access Points are used to connect Wireless
Stations (e.g. Notebook PCs with wireless cards) to a wired (Ethernet) LAN. The
Wireless Stations can then access all LAN resources.
Access Points can only function in "Infrastructure" mode,
and can communicate only with Wireless Stations which are
set to "Infrastructure" mode.
BSS/ESS
BSS
A group of Wireless Stations and a single Access Point, all using the same ID (SSID),
form a Basic Service Set (BSS).
Using the same SSID is essential. Devices with different SSIDs are unable to communicate with each other.
ESS
A group of Wireless Stations, and multiple Access Points, all using the same ID
(ESSID), form an Extended Service Set (ESS).
Different Access Points within an ESS can use different Channels. In fact, to reduce
interference, it is recommended that adjacent Access Points SHOULD use different
channels.
As Wireless Stations are physically moved through the area covered by an ESS, they
will automatically change to the Access Point which has the least interference or best
performance. This capability is called Roaming. (Access Points do not have or require
Roaming capabilities.)
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Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Channels
The Wireless Channel sets the radio frequency used for communication.
•
Access Points use a fixed Channel. You can select the Channel used. This allows
you to choose a Channel which provides the least interference and best performance. In the USA and Canada, 11 channel are available. If using multiple Access
Points, it is better if adjacent Access Points use different Channels to reduce interference.
•
In "Infrastructure" mode, Wireless Stations normally scan all Channels, looking for
an Access Point. If more than one Access Point can be used, the one with the
strongest signal is used. (This can only happen within an ESS.)
•
If using "Ad-hoc" mode (no Access Point), all Wireless stations should be set to
use the same Channel. However, most Wireless stations will still scan all Channels to see if there is an existing "Ad-hoc" group they can join.
WEP
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a standard for encrypting data before it is transmitted.
This is desirable because it is impossible to prevent snoopers from receiving any data
which is transmitted by your Wireless Stations. But if the data is encrypted, then it is
meaningless unless the receiver can decrypt it.
If WEP is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have the same
settings for each of the following:
WEP
Off, 64 Bit, 128 Bit
Key
For 64 Bit encryption, the Key value must match.
For 128 Bit encryption, the Key value must match
WEP Authentication
Open System or Shared Key.
WPA-PSK
WPA-PSK is another standard for encrypting data before it is transmitted. This is a
later standard than WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy), and provides greater security for
your data. Data is encrypted using a 256Bit key which is automatically generated and
changed often.
If all your Wireless stations support WPA-PSK, you should use this instead of WEP.
If WPA-PSK is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have the
same settings for each of the following:
WPA PSK
(Pre-shared Key)
Enter the same value on every station and the AP. The
PSK must be from 8 to 63 characters in length. The
256Bit key used for the actual encryption is derived
from this key.
Encryption
The same encryption method must be used. The most
common encryption method is TKIP. Another widelysupported method is AES.
98
Appendix A - Troubleshooting
Wireless LAN Configuration
To allow Wireless Stations to use the Access Point, the Wireless Stations and the
Access Point must use the same settings, as follows:
Mode
On client Wireless Stations, the mode must be set to "Infrastructure".
(The Access Point is always in "Infrastructure" mode.)
SSID (ESSID)
Wireless Stations should use the same SSID (ESSID) as the
Access Point they wish to connect to. Alternatively, the SSID can
be set to "any" or null (blank) to allow connection to any Access
Point.
Wireless
Security
The Wireless Stations and the Access Point must use the same
settings for Wireless security. (None, WEP, WPA-PSK).
WEP: If WEP is used, the Key size (64Bit, 128Bit), Key value,
and Authentication settings must be the same on the Wireless
Stations and the Access Point.
WPA-PSK: If WPA-PSK is used, all Wireless Stations must be
set to use WPA-PSK, and have the same Pre-shared Key and
encryption system.
For Ad-hoc networks (no Access Point), all Wireless stations
must use the same security settings.
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Appendix C
Specifications
C
ADSL 2/2+ Firewall Router
Product
Model
Hardware
Standard
ADSL 2/2+ Firewall Router, 802.11g Wireless ADSL 2/2+
Firewall Router
ADE-4301A/B
ADW-4301A/B
Multi-Mode code support
ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
ITU-T G.994.1 (G.hs) rev. 3
ITU-T G.992.1(G.dmt)
- Annex A (ADSL over POTS for ADE-4301A / ADW-4301A)
- Annex B (ADSL over ISDN for ADE-4301B / ADW-4301B)
ITU-T G.992.2(G.lite)
ITU-T G.992.3 Annex A ADSL2
ITU-T G.992.3 Annex A DELT
ITU-T G.992.3 Annex L READSL2
ITU-T G.992.5 Annex A ADSL2+
Protocol
RFC 2364 - PPP over ATM (LLC/VCMUX)
RFC 2516 - PPP over Ethernet (LLC/VCMUX)
RFC 1577 - Classic IP over ATM (LLC/VCMUX)
RFC 1483 - Bridged IP over ATM (LLC/VCMUX)
RFC 1483 - Routed IP over ATM (LLC/VCMUX)
AAL and ATM Support Integrated ATM AAL5 support
255 VPI plus 65535 VCI address range
Ports LAN
4 (10Base-T/100Base-TX, Auto-Negotiation, Auto MDI/MDIX)
1 x 802.11g wireless access point, antenna detachable
Wireless(ADW4301 only)
WAN
1 (RJ-11, 10/100Base-TX, Auto-Negotiation)
LED Indicators
PWR, STATUS, WLAN (ADW-4301 only), ADSL
100 LNK/ACT, 10 LNK ACT for each LAN port
Button
1 for reset/factory reset
Software
Protocol
IP, NAT, ARP, ICMP, DHCP, PPPoE, PPPoA, IPoA, RIP1/2
Security
Native NAT firewall, Enhanced policy-based + SPI firewall,
URL Filter, Blocking log, Virtual Server, DMZ
Management
Web browser management
Environment Specification
Dimension (W x D x H) 148 x 120 x 30 mm
Power
12V DC, 500mA
12V DC, 800mA
Power Consumption
Maximum 6W, 20.5 BTU
Maximum 9.6W, 32.7 BTU
Temperature:
0~40 degree C (operating), -10~70 degree C (storage)
Humidity
0%~ 90% (non-condensing)
Emission
FCC, CE
100
Appendix B - Specifications
Wireless Interface (ADW-4301 only)
Standards
IEEE802.11b, IEEE802.11g WLAN,
Frequency
2.4 to 2.4835GHz (Industrial Scientific Medical Band )
Channels
Maximum 14 Channels, depending on regulatory authorities
Modulation
CCK, DQPSK, DBPSK, OFDM/CCK
Data Rate
Up to 54 Mbps
WEP
64Bit, 128Bit
Output Power
13dBm (typical)
Receiver Sensitivity
-80dBm Min.
101
Wireless ADSL Router User’s Manual
Regulatory Approvals
FCC Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not
occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to
radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following
measures:
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
•
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
•
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
To assure continued compliance, any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to
operate this equipment. (Example - use only shielded interface cables when connecting to computer or peripheral devices).
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC RF radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with a minimum
distance of 20 centimeters between the radiator and your body.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other
antenna or transmitter.
CE Approval
CE Standards
This product complies with the 99/5/EEC directives, including the following safety and
EMC standards:
•
EN300328-2
•
EN301489-1/-17
•
EN60950
CE Marking Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio
interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
102
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